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In this layer it is a combination of the 3 top layers of the OSI model, application, presentation and session. This layer consists of applications and processes that will use the network.
This layer provides the means of end-to-end data delivery to other devices. Communication between devices across the network.
This layer defines the datagram and handles the routing table information. Finds the best path across a network with protocols such as OSPF, RIP (V2) EIGRP
This layer combines the layer 1 and 2 of the OSI model and is where the physical movement of the bits through the network happen and controls the physical hardware devices and media that makes up the network
Layer 4 Layer 7
Application This layer involves how programs work over the network and how the user interacts with them. Such as downloading a file from the internet using FTP. Protocols include Telnet,
Layer 3 Layer 5 Layer 4 Transport
This layer is used for making sure right destination reliably, error checking, connectionless (TCP) and connection orientated (UDP) data transition
Layer 2 Layer 3
This layer includes connectionless communication, the IP protocol and message forwarding between different networks. Protocols in this layer are IP, OSPF, EIGRP, RIP, BGP etc.
Layer 1 Layer 2 Data Link
This layer 1
Layer 1 Physical
This layer involves
Presentatio Session n
This layer is responsible for the formatting of the data and most of the encryption and compression of the data that comes down from the application layer This layer is responsible for and ending connections between host applications
managing creating data gets to the
manages the MAC the actual sending address of the bits in information, error electrical form checking and the and the media flow regulation. There are such protocols such as STP, ARP, Frame Relay, ATM, and PPP and with devices such as switches access point wires that connect everything together, such. Devices that work on this layer are Hubs, Repeaters NICs and modems and media such as