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**Two of this exercises will be evaluate in classroom
**

2-1. A water content test was made on a sample of silty clay. The weight of the wet soil plus container was 17.53 g, and the weight of the dry soil plus container was 14.84 g. Weight of the empty container was 7.84 g. Calculate the water content of the sample. 2-2. During a plastic limit test, the following data were obtained for one of the samples: Wet weight + container = 22.12 g Dry weight + container = 20.42 g Weight of container = 1.50 g What is the PL of the soil? 2-3. A sample of fully saturated clay weighs 1350 g in its natural state and 975 g after drying. What is the natural water content of the soil? 2-4. For the soil sample of Problem 2-3, compute (a) void ratio and (b) porosity. 2-5. For the soil sample of Problem 2-3, compute (a) the total or wet density and (b) the dry density. Give your answers in Mg/m', kg/m3, and lbf/ft3. 2-6. A 1 m3 sample of moist soil weighs 2000 kg. The water content is 10%. Assume p, is 2.70 Mg/m3. With this information, fill in all blanks in the phase diagram . 2-7. For the information given in Problem 2-6, calculate (a) the void ratio, (b) the porosity, and (c) the dry density. 2-8. The dry density of a compacted sand is 1.82 Mg/m3 and density of the solids is 2.67 Mg/m3. What is the water content of the material when saturated? . 2-9. A 100% saturated soil has a total density of 2050 kg/m3 and a water content of 25%. What is the density of the solids? What is the dry density of the soil? 2-10. What is the water content of a fully saturated soil with a dry density of 1.70 Mg/m3? Assume p, = 2.71 Mg/m3. 2-11. A dry quartz sand has a density of 1.68 Mg/m3. Determine its density when the degree of saturation is 75%. The density of solids for quartz is 2.65 Mg/m3. 2-12. The dry density of a soil is 1.65 Mg/m3 and the solids have a density of 2.68 Mg/m3 Find the a) water content, b) void ratio, and (c) total density when the soil is saturated. 2-13. A natural deposit of soil was found to have a water content of 20% and to be 90% saturated. What is the void ratio of this soil? 2-14. The void ratio of clay soil is 0.5 and the degree of saturation is 70%. Assuming the density of the solids is 2750 kg/m3, compute (a) the water content and (b) dry and wet densities in both SI and British Engineering units. 2-15. The volume of water in a sample of moist soil is 0.056 m3. The volume of solids Vs is 0.28 m3. Given that the density of soil solids p3 is 2590 kg/m3, find the water content. 2-17. Derive an expression for ps in terms of the porosity n and the water content w for (a) a fully saturated soil and (b) a partially saturated soil. 2-18. Derive an expression for (a) dry density, (b) void ratio, and (c) degree of saturation in terms of p, ps> pw, and w. 2-19. Develop a formula for (a) the wet density and (b) the buoyant density in terms of the water content, the density of the soil solids, and the density of water. 2-20. From Archimedes' principle show that Eq. p' = psat - pw, is the same as (ps - pw)/(l + e). 2-21. The "chunk density" method is often used to determine the unit weight (and other necessary information) of a specimen of irregular shape, especially of friable samples. The specimen at its natural water content is (I) weighed, (2) painted with a thin coat of wax or paraffin (to prevent water from entering the pores), (3) weighed again (Wt + WWax), and (4) weighed in water (to get the volume of the sample + wax coating—remember Archimides?). Finally, the natural water content of the specimen is determined. A specimen of silty sand is treated in this way to obtain the "chunk density.*' From the information given below, determine the (a) wet density, (b) dry density, (c) void ratio, and (d) degree of saturation of the sample Given Weight of specimen at natural water content = 181.8 g

68 Mg/m'. 2. The total volume of a soil specimen is 80 000 mm3 and it weighs 145 g. = 2700 kg/m3' Wax solid density. water content. compute the void ratio. 2. and then by vibration it is reduced 10% of the original volume. The natural water content of a sample taken from a soil deposit was found to be 11. and under a static load of 200 kPa the volume is reduced 1%. A sensitive volcanic clay soil was tested in the laboratory and found to have the following properties: (a) p = 1. dry density. porosity.28 Mg/m3 (b) e = 9. A through F determine the effective size as well the uniformity coefficient and the coefficient of curvature for each soil. 2-29.5%.66. of a soil is 1351bf/Ft3. and (0 dry density.Weight of specimen + wax coating = 215. Its dry weight is 918 g and the density of solids is 2670 kg/m3. respectively. (b) Under static load. and void ratio. porosity. Compute the density of the sand when dry and when saturated and compare it with the density when submerged. 2. 2.65 Mg/m3. (e) wet density.The values of minimum e and maximum e for a pure silica sand were found to be 0. (b) AASHTO.3l = 940 kg/m3 Hint: Use a phase diagram. silt. It has been calculated that the maximum density for the soil will be obtained when the water content reaches 21. The water content was found to be 55%.5%. 2-22. (c) USCS. Give the answers to parts (e) and (f) in both SI and British Engineering units.3 mm in diameter. 2-33. (b) void ratio.23.46 and 0. 4 No. p„. Determine also the percentages of gravel. 2-32.5 (3/8) — 88 82 . A sand is composed of solid constituents having a density of 2. Compute the void ratio. On five-cycle semilogarithmic paper. and the total density in kg/m3. U.9 Weight of specimen + wax in water = 58.0 (c) S = 95% (d) ps = 2.75 Mg/m3 (e) w = 311% In rechecking the above values one was found to be inconsistent with the rest. Estimate the wet density. buoyant density. The void ratio is 0.68 Mg/m3.24. 2-31. Calculate the maximum possible porosity and void ratio for a collection of (a) ping pong balls (assume they are 30 mm in diameter) and (b) tiny ball bearings 0. the porosity. Compute how many grams of water must be added to each 1000 g of soil (in its natural state) in order to increase the water content to 21. porosity. Find the (a) water content. and saturated density. and clay according to (a) ASTM.58.The saturated density ysat.S Standard Sieve No. Clearly state any necessary assumptions. Find the buoyant density of this soil in both lbf/ft3 and kg/m3. (c) porosity. p. 2-30. What is the corresponding range in the saturated density in kg/m3? 2.) 100 70 49 36 27 20 100 Percent Passing by Weight SoilB SoilC SoilD SoilE 100 SoilF 38 19 No. Assume the solid density of the sand grains is 2. dry density. (d) degree of saturation. The dry weight of the specimen is 128 g.5% Soil solid density. sand. plot the grain size distribution curves from the following mechanical analysis data on the six soils. Find the inconsistent value and report it correctly.27.26. On the assumption that p.28. = 2. A 588 cm3 volume of moist sand weighs 1010 g. (c) Vibrated and loaded sand.9 Natural water content = 2. and (d) the British Standard.70 Mg/m3. • or Particle Size Soil A 75 mm (3 in.25 A sample of saturated glacial clay has a water content of 47%. A cylinder contains 500 cm3 of loose dry sand which weighs 750 g. degree of saturation. Compute the void ratio. A sample of natural glacial till was taken from below the ground water table. 2.5%. 10 (11/2) (3/4) — 9! 87 81 70 100 100 89 - 9. and total density corresponding to each of the following cases: (a) Loose sand. and the density of the soil solids is 2.

the flow index. The soils in Problem 2-33 have the following Atterberg limits and natural water contents. Determine the PI and LI for -each soil and comment on their general activity. No. Property Soil A SoilB 14 35 SoilC 14 35 SoilD 11 — NP SoilE 8 28 SoilF 72 60 28 Wn LL PL 27 13 8 29 SoilH 38 42 18 NP 2-36. 60 No. in plotting GSD curves. Determine the LL.5 44.6%. do they have the same Cu and Cc) when plotted arithmetically? Ex plain. 100 No. The following data were obtained from a liquid limit test on a silty clay.9 2-37. 20 No. .8 43.No. % 41. 200 40µm 20 µm 10 µm 5 µm 2 µm 1 µm — 8 80 78 74 — 49 99 91 37 9 4 — 63 — 5 — 65 55 31 19 13 10 — — 35 32 27 22 18 14 1] 10 — — 60 57 41 35 20 8 100 99 92 82 71 — 4 3 2 1 <1 — — — — 2 — — 52 39 Note: Missing data is indicated by a dash in the column. The flow index is the slope of the water content versus log of number of blows in the liquid limit test. 2-34. of Blows 35 29 2! IS Two plastic limit determinations had water contents of 23. and the toughness index. to plot the grain diameter on a logarithmic rather than an arithmetic scale. 40 No. SoilG LL PL 55 20 SL 25 — Water Content. (b) Are the shapes of GSD curves comparable (for example. (a) Explain briefly why it is preferable. PI. 140 No. Comment on the validity of the results of Atterberg limits on soils G and H.1 41.1 and 23. 2-35. and the toughness index is the PI divided by the flow index.

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