1

civ‡_©

‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZ
[The Koran vs. Shariah ]

‡gvnv¤§` Rvwgjyj evmvi
civ‡_©

2

‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZ

Koran bonam Shariah [The Koran vs. Shariah]

[ The Koran vs. Shariah ]

Author: Mohammed Jamilul Bashar
Founder & President
Young Muslim Society Bangladesh-Canada.
Editor: Mhd. Bazlur Rahman Sadhu
Ist edition: 20th January, 2007

Writer: Mohammed

Jamilul Bashar

Editor: Mhd. Bazlur Rahman Sadhu

Published by:
Young Muslim Society [Noble Youth Association]
Canada.
Printers & Distributors:

Copy right: Reserved by the Author.
Cover arts : Osman
Proof Reader:
Price: CD $ 30.00, US $ 25.00, Taka: 400.00

Publisher:Young

Muslim Society [Noble
Youth

Association]

Bangladesh-Canada

[The Koran vs. Shariah: A book of human religious
reformation, specially in Islam. Author: Mohammed
Jamilul Bashar.Editor: Mhd. Bazlur Rahman Sadhu;
Published by: Young Muslim Society [Noble Youth
Association],
Canada.
11
Knightsbridge
Rd,.Brampton, Ontario,Canada. Ph. 905-7918712.
Email:sangsker@yahoo.com Copy Right: Reserved by
the Author.]

3

DrmM©
Ô‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZÕ MÖ‡š’ wZj cwigvYI hw`
gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi wKQy _v‡K Z‡e ZvÕ wcZv
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK I gvZv byiRvnvb
†eMg Ges Zv‡`i ¸i““ I wcZv Avgvi bvbvRvb
†cÖiYvcÖvß AvKmvi DwÏb Avn&g‡`i c‡¶
civ‡_© DrmM© Kiv n‡jv| Avi AKj¨v‡Yi
hw` wKQy _v‡K Z‡e Zvi cy‡ivUvB Avgvi
Rb¨ wbw`©ó iBj|--MÖš’Kvi

wb‡e`b
MÖš’Lvwb †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wjwLZ Ges m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb
wfwËK| Gi cÖvq cÖ‡Z¨KwU welq I fveavivi ¯^c‡¶ Qyivi
bvg I AvqvZ b¤^i †`qv Av‡Q| wbZvš— cÖ‡qvR‡b †¶Î
we‡k‡l GKB AvqvZ I fveaviv GKvwaKevi GgbwK eûevi
D×…Z Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges Gi fve I fvlv Ggb mnR I
mijfv‡e ewY©Z n‡q‡Q ‡h, wbZvš— mvaviY †jv‡KiI
eyS‡Z ‡hb †eM †c‡Z bv nq| Av‡iv GKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq
D‡j−L¨ †h, cÖavbZt gymwjg ag© wfwËK †jLv n‡jI eBwUi
g~j welqe¯‘ gvbe ag© wfwËK|
†h †Kvb ai‡bi fzj-åvwš— wbZvš— ¯^vfvweK; wKš‘ `„p
wek¦vm †h, †Kviv‡bi evB‡i A_ev Gi wecixZ wKQyB †bB,
†bB mivmwi wbR¯^ gZev`| ZeyI ms‡kva‡bi wbwg‡Ë
mgv‡R wZj cwigvb †Mvj‡hvM, Akvwš— m„wó wPiZ‡i
eR©bxq Ges f`ª, Av`k© A_©vr BmjvwgK e¨envi
AbymiYxq| KviY †h †Kvb ARynv‡ZB †nvK mgv‡R
†Mvj‡hvM m„wó Kiv LyYv-LyYxi †P‡qI N„Y¨ Aciva ‡nZz
kvwš—ev` Z_v Bmjvg we‡ivax|
MÖš’wUi g~j e³e¨ : gvbyl ej‡Z GKB c„w_ex‡Z GKK
RvwZ| G‡`i R‡b¥i myÎ GK, cwiYwZI GK Ges mªóvI
GKK I Awfbœ| AZGe Rb¥ g„Zz¨i gv‡S GKvwaK ag© wek¦vm
wKQy‡ZB hyw³m½Z n‡Z cv‡i bv| GKK gvbe†Mvwôi, GKK
ag© Z_v gvb‡ei ggZ¡‡eva, gvbeZv ev kvwš—ev`B Pzovš— ag©
Ges Bnvi cÖavb ¯—¤¢: mr, cwikªg, Z¨vM I ˆah©kxj
AZtci mªóvq wek¦vmx Ges GB PviwU ¯—¤¢ `uvo Kiv‡Z n‡e
‡jvf, wnsmv, †gvn I AnOKv‡ii eyK †f` K‡i|
e¯‘-Ae¯‘, mKj Rxe Z_v mKj gvby‡li Aš—‡iB Avj−vni
Ae¯’vb; ag©-Kg© I wek¦v‡mi †K›`ª we›`y ¯^-¯^ Aš—i; AZGe
†`‡ki cv_©K¨ Qvov AgyK ag©, wfbœ ag©, wn›`y, †gvm‡jg,
wLª÷vb ag© BZ¨vw` e‡j cv_©K¨ Kivi my‡hvM †bB! mKj
Hkx MÖš’B GKK Avj−vn †_‡K, Awfbœ Ges GKB gvbeZvi
D‡Ï‡k¨| wKš‘ mKj Kv‡ji †Mvov ag©vÜMY bex-ivQyj,
AeZvi-†`eZv‡`i bv‡g kwiqZ iPbv K‡i GKK gbyl¨
cwiev‡i gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i‡Q Ges KvjvKvj‡f`x ¯^-

4

‡Mvwôi i‡³i ûwj †Ljvq gË i‡q‡Q| mKj RvwZi cÖPwjZ
†gŠjev` gv‡bB ag©vÜ Ges Hkx MÖš’ wei“× hv †Kvivb,
†e`-MxZv BZ¨vw` †_‡KB cÖgvY Kiv n‡q‡Q|
g~jZt ivQyj gvbv Avi †Kvivb gvbvq wZj cwigvY Zdvr
†bB, GLv‡b Z…Zxq `j I gZ AevwÂZ|
AZGe ¯^-¯^ g~j Hkx MÖš’ Avcb fvlvq bv †evSv Ges
ev¯—e AbymiY bv Kiv ch©š— Rb¥MZ, `jMZ ev mv¤cÖ`vwqK
wn›`y, †gvm‡jg, wLª÷vb, Bûw`, †eŠ×, wkL BZ¨vw` `vex ev
KvíwbK AwaKvi Aev¯—i| cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi DwPr `yÕb¤^ix
ag©MÖš’ †Q‡o ¯^-¯^ g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’ wd‡i Avmv Ges Avm‡jB
cÖgvY cv‡e †h gvbe a‡g© Avi †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB| BZ¨vw`
welq †e`, †Kvivb I nvw`m gyLv-gyLx DÌvcb K‡i Dnvi
mZ¨vmZ¨ cvV‡Ki mvg‡b Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| gvbv bv gvbv
cvV‡Ki B”Qvaxb wKš‘ wnsmv we‡Ø‡li ekeZ©x n‡q lohš¿,
wg_¨v Acev` w`‡q mgv‡R Akvwš— m„wó Kiv †gv‡UB
B”Qvaxb ev e¨w³MZ welq bq|
m¤cÖwZ evsjv‡`k miKvi c~e© cÖKvwkZ Ôms¯‹viÕ MÖš’wU
2003 mv‡j ev‡Rqvß K‡i‡Qb| hw`I Rvbv g‡Z Ôms¯‹viÕ
MÖ‡š’ †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i ev wecwiZ wKQy cÖgvb Kiv m¤¢e
nqwb| AZGe eBwU evwZj Kivi A_© cÖKv‡k¨ †Kvivb‡KB
A¯^xKvi Kiv| gymwjg Aay¨wmZ, gymwjg cwiPvwjZ,
kwiqZ cÖhy³ miKv‡ii c‡¶ KvRwU Kiv wbZvš— †e-AvBbx
I j¾vi welq| e¨w³ ev mKj `‡ji DwPr GB †KvivwbK
`k©b ev¯—evq‡Y me©v‡MÖ GwM‡q Avmv| `„p wek¦vm †h, cÖK…Z
avwg©KMY ¯^ I mvwe©K ¯^v‡_© eBwU cÖPv‡i mva¨ gZ ag©xq
`vwqZ¡‡ev‡ai ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f‚wgKv ivL‡eb|
eBwU e¨emv wfwËK bq| ms¯’vi Znwej MV‡bi Rb¨
g~j¨ avh© Kiv n‡q‡Q| c~e© cÖKvwkZ Ôms¯‹viÕ mg~n eB¸wj
webvg~‡j¨ weZiY Kiv n‡q‡Q|
MÖš’wUi cÖavb welqe¯‘ wcZv I ¸i“ †cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj
nK I bvbv †cÖiYvcÖvß AvKmvi DwÏb Avn&g‡`i ‡KvivwbK
`k©Y Abymi‡Y iwPZ|
webxZMÖš’Kvi|

m¤cv`Kxq
Ô‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZÕ MÖš’wU mKj RvwZi ag©xq Kzms¯‹vi
we‡ivax GKwU wbi‡c¶ gvbe ag© ms¯‹vig~jK MÖš’| mKj
RvwZi †gŠjev`, ag©xq †Mvovgx, wefrm mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv, ag©
I ivRbxwZi bv‡g cÖZviYv, hveZxq weq‡qi KviY Ges
Zvi mgvav‡bi mwVK wb‡`©kbv msewjZ GKwU AKíbxq
iPbv| 17wU Aa¨v‡q 96wU welq msewjZ eBwU †e`†KvivwbK Mfxi M‡elYvjã `~j©f I Amxg mvnwmK cÖKvk|
MÖš’wUi mKj welq g‡bv‡hvmnKv‡i c‡owQ Ges ü`q½g
Kivi AvcÖvY †Póv K‡iwQ; hZB c‡owQ ZZB MÖš’Kvi
Rvwgjyj evmv‡ii wbi‡c¶ I my¶vwZmy² ag© Áv‡bi
cwiPq †c‡q nZevK n‡qwQ|
ag© m¤c‡K© Ghver Kvj AÜ wek¦vm I KvíwbK Avkv
e¨ZxZ wKQyB cvBwb| hw`I bvgvR, †ivRv, †Kvivb cov
BZ¨vw` ag©xq Abyôvbvw` esk ci¤civq cvjY K‡i AvmwQ|
Abyôvb me©¯^ cÖPwjZ mv¤cÖ`vwqK ag© wek¦vm gymwjg Z_v
gvbe wek¦‡K g~jZt ‡h Akvwš—, i³v-iw³ I Kzdzixi g‡a¨
Wywe‡q †i‡L‡Q, D³ eBwU cvV K‡i Zv my²fv‡e Dcjwã
K‡iwQ|
†Kviv‡bi wbi‡c¶ ‰ewkó I wekvjZvi cÖZ¨¶ cwiPq
†c‡q bZzb K‡i a‡g©i cÖwZ AvK…ó n‡qwQ; nZevK n‡qwQ,
cÖK…Z gvbe ag© I mªóv m„wó m¤^‡Ü bZzb Ges mwVK Z_¨
†c‡q|
bvgvR-‡ivRv, n¾-RvKvZ I we‡q ZvjvK †_‡K ïi“ K‡i
Rb¥-g„Zz¨, jq-cÖjq, Kei-†KqvgZ, †e‡n¯—-‡`vhL,
mªóv-m„wó; ivQyj-bex; mgvR, ag© I ivRbxwZ; †ivM`y‡h©vM; e¨w³, †`k Z_v we‡k¦i hveZxq mgm¨vi KviY I
Zvi mgvavb Ggb †KvivwbK myKwVY hyw³ cÖgvbmnKv‡i
Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb hv co‡j RvwZ-ag© wbwe©‡k‡l e¨w³

5

gvÎB nZevK n‡eb e‡j Avgvi wek¦vm| D`vniY ¯^iƒc 15
kZ erm‡ii cvwjZ †ivRv I n¾-‡Kvievbxi ˆewkó I
mgq-ZvwiL BZ¨vw` †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K f~j cÖgvb
K‡i‡Qb|
Avw`Kvj †_‡K Kw_Z n‡q Avm‡Q †h, †Kvb GK Kv‡j
we‡k¦i mKj gvbyl GKK a‡g© `xw¶Z n‡e| K_vwU hw`
mwZ¨B nq Z‡e Avgvi wek¦vm,Zvi myPbv GB MÖš’wU| KviY
Avgvi Rvbv g‡Z gvbweK Kj¨v‡Y †Kviv‡bi gg©v_© cÖKv‡k
Ggb mnR-mij Z_v AKvU¨ hyw³ cÖgvbvw` m¤^wjZ MÖš’
wØZxqwU ‡Kn wj‡L‡Qb e‡j GLb ch©š— Rvbv hvqwb|
GB cÖ_g ms¯‹iY I wØZxq gy`ª‡Y †ek wKQy fveaviv
ms‡kvab Kiv n‡q‡Q|
webxZ‡gv: eRjyi ingvb (mvay)

m~wPcÎ
* ‡jLK I m¤úv`Kmn K‡qKwU `~j©f Qwe
cÖ_g Aa¨vq
1. ˆKwdqr
2. cÖv_©bv [QvjvZ]
wØZxq Aa¨vq
3. nvw`m Kvnv‡K e‡j
4. nvw`m msKj‡b ivQy‡ji KwVb wb‡lavÁv
5. nvw`m msKj‡b †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi f‚wgKv
6. nvw`m msKj‡b Pvi Bgv‡gi f‚wgKv
7. Imgv‡bi †LjvdZ †_‡K cieZx© gymwjg mgvR
8. nvw`‡mi cÖK…wZ I DrcwË
9. nvw`m msMÖ‡ni BwZnvm
10. nvw`m mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶vi Awfbe c×wZ
11. †evLvixi (i) nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
12. †gvm‡j‡gi (i) nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
13. wn›`y‡`i GKwU nvw`m
14. nvw`m iPbvq ivQy‡ji wb‡lavÁvi we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv
15. nvw`m mg_©‡b †h mKj AvqvZ e¨eüZ nq
16. wbR¯^ g‡Z hviv ag©MÖš’ iPbv K‡i
17. †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨
18. mivmwi †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m
19. ag©-K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_© MÖnY nvivg
20. Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g wg_¨v fqfxwZ I †jvf cÖ`k©b
21. Av‡iv wKQy †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m
22. me©Kv‡ji me©e„nr gvQwU [giv gvQ nvjv‡ji nvw`m]
23. gnvbexi cwievi m¤^‡Ü gvbnvwbKi nvw`m
24. Avey †nvivqivi (iv) msw¶ß Rxebx
25. a‡g©i bv‡g cÖZviYvi Avš—R©vwZK `wjj
26. †gvU K_v-†kl K_v
Z…Zxq Aa¨vq
27. gnvbex †Kviv‡bi evB‡i wKQy e‡jb wb

6

28. gnv bex wK K‡i‡Qb-e‡j‡Qb
29. gnv bex g~L© ev wbi¶i wQ‡jb bv
30. gnv bex fwel¨r Rvb‡Zb bv
31. gnv bexi `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨
PZz_© A_¨vq
32. †Kvivb c~Y©, mnR-mij
33. †Kvivb e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©
34. †Kvivb ey‡S covi KwVb ZvwM`
35. †Kvivb ïay g~L¯’ Kivi Rb¨ bq
36. †Kvivb Ávbx‡`i Rb¨
37. †Kvivb bv †evSvi KviY
38. †Kvivb bZzb wKQy bq
39. †Kvivb mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i mgvnvi
cÂg Aa¨vq
40. mybœZ
41. nvw`m I mybœ‡Zi cv_©K¨
42. a‡g© `uvwo †cvlv‡Ki f~wgKv
43. wgjv`
44. kÕ†e eivZ
45. kÕ‡e K`i
46. kÕ‡e †givR
47. wKe&jv
lô Aa¨vq
48. Pvi wewe ˆea bq
49. we‡qi AvIZv
50. wbKU fvB‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q cÖ_v nvivg
51. d‡Zvqv
52. ZvjvK
53. nvivg-nvjvj Lv`¨`ªe¨
mßg Aa¨vq
54. ‡kl bwe gZev`
55. beyqZ †kl bq
56. AmsL¨ ivQyj‡`i nw`m †Kv_vq
57. CQv I Bgvg †gn`xi AvMgb

58. mKj bweB wek¦ bwe I Awfbœ a‡g©i bwe
59. †e`-MxZvq g~wZ© cyRv wbwl×, Mi“ LvIqv, Kei †`qv
wm×
Aóg Aa¨vq
60. ag© wbi‡c¶Zv
61. †gvm‡jg
62. ‡gvm‡jg mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv
63. Avn&g`xqv †gvm‡jg
64. Kvwdi
65. wRnv`
beg Aa¨vq
66. Aviex fvlv
67. ‡Kvivb msKjb weZ‡K©i D‡×©!
68. †gŠjex-gvIjvbv
69. †gvnv¤§` I Avn¤§`
`kg Aa¨vq
70. bvgvR
71. bvgv‡Ri Iqv³
72. bvgvR m¤^‡Ü Avey nvwbdvi AwfgZ
73. bvgvR m¤^‡Ü AvKmvi DwÏb Avn&g‡`i GKwU NUbv
74. Puv‡`i duv‡` †gvmjgvb [†ivRvi gvm ˆea bq]
75. RvKvZ
76. n¾ I †Kvievbx [ZvwiL ˆea bq]
77. mvßvwnK QywU I Rygvi w`b
GKv`k Aa¨vq
78. civ_©B wm×v_©
79. Avj−vni cwiPq
80. Avj−vn wKfv‡e KvR K‡i
81. bwe I ivQy‡ji cv_©K¨
82. Awn-bvwRj
Øv`k Aa¨vq
83. ag© `k©b
84. m„wói ag©
85. gvbyl m„wói aviYv
86. Rb¥vš—iev`

7

87. †KqvgZ
88. ‡e‡n¯—-‡`vhL
PZ©~`k Aa¨vq
89. K‡qKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© weZK©xZ welq
K. wkiK
L. Aveyjvnve aŸsm
M. Avevwej cvLxi Aveivnv aŸsm
N. 6w`‡b m„wó I 7g w`‡b wekªvg
O. Bewjm
P. g`
Q. my`
R. ïKi
S. wnRve
T. P›`ª `yÕfvM
90. gyZy¨I c~‡e© m¤úwË DBj Kiv IqvwRe
91. GK bR‡i †Kvivb ebvg kwiqZ
92. g„Zz¨i Av‡M m¤úwË DBj Kiv IqvwRe
cÂ`k Aa¨vq
93. AvR‡Ki gvbe mgvR
94. `jZš¿ MYZ‡š¿i cwicwš’
95. RvwZmsN-Av‡gwiKv-jv‡`b
96. Qvjvgy AvjvBKzg
lô`k Aa¨vq
97. †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwUi
[f`ª hye ms¯’v] †NvlYv
98 Announcement of Young Muslim
Society in the light of The Quran.
99. cyi¯‹vi cÎ

nhiZ Avjx wki G †Lv`v| [ QwewU m¤^‡Ü mybœx‡`i mslq
_vK‡jI wkqvMY Zuvi cÖK…Z Qwe e‡jB wek¦vm K‡ib|]

8

‡jL‡Ki bvbvRvb: ‡cÖibv cÖvß AvKmvi DwÏb
Avn&g`; g„Zz¨: 11B Rvbyqvix, 1956|

†jL‡Ki wcZv: ‡cÖibv cÖvß gwReyj nK; g„Zz¨: 16B Ryb,
1969|

9

civ‡_©

cÖ_g Aa¨vq
1 ˆKwdqr!

wZév Av-Bqv-Zzj−v-wn bvrjynv-AvjvBKv wej nvK¡; dvwe
AvBwq¨
nvw`wQ¤^vÕ`vj−v-wn AAv-Bqv-wZnx BDwgbyb [45:RvwQqv6; 77:
gyiQvjvZ-50]
A_©: H mg¯— Avj−vni AvqvZ mnR mij e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©
K‡i‡Qb myZivs Zviv Avj−vn I Zvi nvw`m (AvqvZ) Qvov
Avi Kvi nvw`‡m (Avqv‡Z) wek¦vm Ki‡Z Pvq?

A jvI ZvKveŸvjv AvjvBbv ev`vj AvKvwe‡j jv AvLvRbv
wgbû wej
Bqvwgb, Qy¤§v jvKvZvqvbv wgbûj AwZb, dvgv wgb°zg wgb
Avnvw`b Avbû nv‡RwRb [69: nv°v-44-47]
‡jLK I m¤úv`K

A_©: †m [ivQyj] hw` Avj−vni bv‡g wb‡Ri Zid †_‡K wKQy
iPbv Ki‡ZvZ‡e Aek¨B Zvi Wvb nvZ cvKovI K‡i Zvi
Rxeb agbx †K‡U †djZvg; AZtci †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡iv mva¨
_vK‡Zv bv Zv‡K i¶v Kivi|

10

2 cÖv _© bv
[QvjvZ]
Avjnvg`y wjj−v-wn
ivweŸj ÕAv-jvgxb
Aviivngv-wbi-ivnxg
gv-wjwK BqvDwgÏxb
Bq¨v-Kv bvÕey`y

civ‡_©

wØZxq Aa¨vq

hZ¯‘wZev`eywj
¯‘wZeywj
cÖvc¨ Avj−vû GKgvÎ
wZwb cwi‡cvlYKvix
me©bvgavix w`evivÎ ;
weKvk cÖKvk wZwb
wZwbB AwaKvix Kvj aiYxi|
weµxZKwg©MY†gviv AvbyMZ¨
†ZvgviB Kg© Kwi mviv

ABq¨v-Kv bv¯—vÕCb

myZivs `vex †gv‡`i b¨vh¨ `iLv¯—
me©Î Aweivg cvB †hb
Ze Kg© †cÖiYv mvnvh¨|
Bnw`bvw”Qiv-Z¡vj gyËvK¡xg b¨vq c‡_ PvjvBI †gv‡`‡i
wQiv-Z¡vj−vRxbv Avb AvgZv P‚ovš— Zwor c×wZ‡Z ;
ÕAvjvBwng
h_vh_ c‡_ Zv‡`i
cyi¯‹vi weZwoQDc‡i hv‡`i|
M¦vBwij gvM¦Øywe AvjvBwng PvjvBIbv †iv‡l civ
AjvØqv--j−xb|
Avi åóPvixi c‡_|
[†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK]

***

3 nvw`m Kvnv‡K e‡j
nvw`m A_©: K_v, evYx, Lei, Bw½Z, Awn, BwZnvm
BZ¨vw`| AvaywbK nvw`m MÖ‡š’ Kg K‡i n‡jI nvw`‡mi Qq
iK‡gi msÁv cvIqv hvq| hvi g~j ˆewkó¨ n‡jv ÔAwnÕ
e¨wZ‡i‡K ivQyj [mv] †_‡K ïi“ K‡i Qvnvev, [ivQyj‡K hviv
†`‡L‡Qb] Zv‡eBb, [Qvnvev‡`i‡K hviv †`‡L‡Qb] Zv‡eZv‡eCb,[Zv‡eBb‡`i hviv †`‡L‡Qb] AZtci cieZ©x
gbxlxM‡Yi K_v I KvR‡KB nvw`m e‡j AvL¨vwqZ
K‡i‡Qb| A_©vr nvw`‡mi wbw`©ó †Kvb msÁv †bB| Avi GB
my‡Îi g~j Avwe®‹viK ev †NvlK †K! Zvi †Kvb bvg wVKvbv
†bB; †bB †Kvb wbw`©ó cwiPq ev BwZnvm| cÖavbZt
ivQy‡ji [mv] K_v-KvR‡KB †h nvw`m ejv n‡e Ggb †Kvb
`wjj cÖgvY †Kviv‡b †bB, †bB nvw`‡mI|
D‡j−wLZ myÎ QvovI ivQyj [mv] I QvnvevMY Ggb †Kvb K_v
ev Kv‡Ri c‡¶ wec‡¶ ÔnvÕ ev ÔbvÕ †Kvb DËi ev gš—e¨ bv
K‡i eis bxie i‡q‡Qb, Ggb K_v I Kg©‡KI nvw`m
msÁvi Aš—f©~³ K‡i‡Qb| nvw`m wekvi`MY Ggb nvw`‡mi
GKwU bgybvI †ck K‡i‡Qb, ‡mwU wbæiƒc:
ÒivQyj [mv] GK`j Qvnvev‡`i ewb KzivBRv †Mv‡Îi
D‡Ï‡k¨ iIqvbv Kwi‡q Zv‡`i‡K wb‡`©k †`b †h, Ô†Zvgiv
†KD †hb ewb-KzivBRvq bv †cŠ‡Q bvgvR bv c‡ov|Õ c‡_
Avm‡ii Iqv³ †kl n‡q hvq †`‡L `‡ji GK Ask c‡_B
bvgvR c‡o †bb| Avi Ab¨ AskwU ewb-KzivBRvq †cuŠ‡Q
gvM‡ie I AvQi GK m‡½ c‡o †bb| c‡i ivQy‡ji (mv)
mvg‡b G‡m GK_v eY©bv Kiv n‡j wZwb bxie _v‡Kb| A_©vr
bxi‡e Dfq `‡ji KvR‡K mg_©b K‡ib|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, GKB `jfz³ `yB Dc-`‡ji QvnvevMY wK
wK K_v I hyw³-Z‡K©i Ici wfwË K‡i wfbœ mgq, wfbœ
RvqMvq I wfbœ Rvgv‡Z bvgvR co‡jb; †m¸wj wKš‘ nvw`m
kv‡mª ¯’vb †`bwb, hw`I mgv‡Ri Rb¨ Zv wQj AZ¨š—
Ri“ix!

11

Qwnn †evLvixi R‰bK Abyev`K welqwU dzU †bv‡U e¨vL¨v
K‡i wj‡L‡Qb, Òhviv c‡_ bvgvR c‡o †bb, Zviv ivQy‡ji
[mv] K_vi A_© K‡ib, ÔPjvi MwZ GZ `ª“Z Ki‡Z n‡e
hv‡Z Avm‡ii g‡a¨B ewb KzivBRvq †cŠ‡Q hvIqv hvq|Õ
Avi A‡b¨iv ivQy‡j (mv)-Gi wb‡`©k‡K kvwãK I ¯’zj A‡_©
†bb|Ó [`ª:†evLvix, 1g LÛ;AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, ÔcÖm½
K_v,Õ c„: (L)]
bgybvwUi mgv‡jvPbv
hviv Pjvi MwZ `ª“Z K‡i Avm‡ii c~‡e©B ewb-KzivBRvq
†cŠQvi A_© †f‡e †bb, Zviv †hgb ivQy‡ji (mv) Av‡`k
cvj‡Y e¨_© n‡q‡Qb, Avi hviv ewb-KzivBRvq †cuŠ‡Q
Avmi I gvMwi‡ei bvgvR GK‡Î K‡ib, ZvivI †Zgb
ivQy‡ji [mv] Av‡`k cvj‡Y e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| wØZxq `jwU
ivQy‡ji wb‡`©k‡K kvwãK I ¯’zj A‡_© wK †f‡e wb‡q‡Qb
dzU †bv‡Ui gvwjK wKš‘ Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡ZI e¨_© n‡q‡Qb|
ivQy‡ji [mv]-Gi Av‡`k Dfq `j KZ©„K jw•NZ nIqvi
Kvi‡Y Ges NUbv kªe‡Y †gŠb ev bxie _vKvi A_© Ômg_©bÕ
a‡i †bqvi †Kvb nvjKv hyw³I Luy‡R cvIqv hvq bv| ZvQvov
gnvbex Ggb wK KwVb I Aev¯—e wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb! hv
cvjY Kivi gZ `‡j GKRb gvÎ QvnvevI wQ‡jb bv! e¨_©
Qvnvev‡`i NUbv ï‡b gnvbex [mv] bxi‡e Mfxi nZvkv I
Av‡¶c K‡i wQ‡jb wK g„`y Avb›` Abyfe K‡iwQ‡jb Zv
GKvš—B fveevi welq ! ivQyj ¯^qs wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ _vKv
Ae¯’vq Qvnvex‡`i g‡a¨ AwZ mvaviY welq wb‡q gZv‰bK¨,
wfbœ bvgvR †hgb nZvkvRbK †Zgwb j¾vKi e‡U!
†gŠb _vK‡jB †h mg_©b eySvq bv, Zv bZzb K‡i e¨vL¨v
†`qvi †Kvb cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| wkw¶Z
Awkw¶Z gvby‡li mvsmvwiK Rxe‡bi ˆ`bw›`b LuywUbvwU ev¯—
e NUbv †_‡KB Zvi fzwi fzwi cÖgvY cvIqv hvq| wKš‘
eyS‡Z cv‡ib bv kª‡×q Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY| ag© wb‡q †h
Zviv A‡nZz evovevwo K‡i _v‡Kb, Zvi cÖgvY Zv‡`iB
ewY©Z wbæ nvw`mwU h‡_ó e‡jB a‡i †bqv hvq:
ÒnhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] Kb¨v wewe nvemvi ¯^vgxi g„Zz¨i c‡i
wZwb nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] mwnZ cybt weev‡ni cÖ¯—ve
†`b| wKš‘ nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Ô†f‡e †`wLÕ e‡j Gwo‡q

hvb| AZtci wZwb nhiZ Avey eKi‡K [iv] Abyiƒc cÖ¯—ve
w`‡j wZwbI bxie _v‡Kb| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl ;
wØZxq LÛ, c„: 485]
nhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] cÖ¯—v‡e nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Ô†f‡e †`wLÕ
ch©š—B DËi w`‡q‡Qb| DËiwU Aek¨B Avkve¨ÄK wQj|
AZtci wZwb Ônu¨vÕ ev ÔbvÕ †KvbB Reve bv w`‡q eis
bxie ev †gŠb wQ‡jb| AZGe nvw`m m~Î †gvZv‡eK wZwb
cÖ¯—v‡e ivRx wQ‡jb! A_P wZwb Zv‡K we‡q K‡ibwb|
AZtci wZwb nhiZ Avey eKi‡K [iv] H GKB cÖ¯—ve w`‡j
wZwbI cwi¯‹vi bxie _v‡Kb| A_P wZwbI we‡q K‡ibwb!
nvw`m †eËvMY GKB MÖ‡š’ ivQyj [mv] I Qvnvev‡`i bv‡g GB
wecixZ gyLx m~Î I gš—e¨ gymwjg mgvR‡K eoB weåvš—
K‡i‡Q| a‡g©i cÖwZ mvaviY AmvaviY gvby‡li m‡›`n I
Awbnvi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q!
*
4 nvw`m msKj‡b ivQy‡ji [mv] wb‡lavÁv
gnv bex [mv] Qvnvev‡`i K‡Vvi wb‡`©k †`b †h, Awn Qvov
Zuvi Ab¨ †Kvb K_v †hb wj‡L bv iv‡Lb; hw` †Kn Ab¨
†Kvb K_v wj‡L _v‡Kb, Zv †hb Awej‡¤^ gy‡Q †djv nq|
wZwb Av‡iv †NvlYv K‡ib †h, Zvui bv‡g †Kn wg_¨v ev Zvui
K_vi ms‡KvPb-ms‡hvRb Ki‡j †m Aek¨B Rvnvbœvgx
n‡e|
Avj−vni bexi D‡j−wLZ K‡Vvi ûwkqvix¸wj mnR,
mij Ges hyw³m½Z| Dnvi mZ¨-wg_¨v hvPvB Kivi
A‡c¶v iv‡L bv, A‡c¶v iv‡L bv Dnv HwZnvwmK wK
nvw`m wfwËK| KviY mZ¨ †nvK ev wg_¨vB †nvK, †h †KD
hv e‡jb ev K‡ib Zv A‡b¨ eY©bv Ki‡Z wM‡q Dnvi
ms‡KvPb, ms‡hvRb ev wg_¨v‡ivcb P‚ovš— †`vlYxq Ges
K‡Vvi kvw¯—‡hvM¨ e‡U! c¶vš—‡i, gnvbexi bv‡g G ai‡Yi
Mwn©Z KvR Kivi cwiYvg Av‡iv ¸i“Zi Ges fqvj|
Avj−vni bexi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 250/300 ermi c‡i
BgvgMY Dc‡iv‡j−wLZ wb‡`©k¸wj ÔAwn bvwR‡ji cÖ_g

12

hy‡Mi Rb¨ ejer wQj, wØZxq hy‡M gnv bex ¯^qs nvw`m
†jLvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jbÕ e‡j `vex Ki‡jI Dnvi ¯^c‡¶
mgMÖ †Qnv-†QËvi g‡a¨ cwi”Qbœ GKwU gvÎI nvw`m †bB,
†bB †Kvb HwZnvwmK mZ¨Zv| ZeyI gnv bexi wb‡`©‡k
†jLv wewfbœ wPwVcÎ, hy×-weMÖ‡ni mwÜ cÎ BZ¨vw`‡K
nvw`m wjL‡bi ¯^c‡¶i `wjj wnmv‡e †ck Kivi AvcÖvY
†Póv K‡i _v‡Kb Ges Zv‡Z Zviv cwic~Y©fv‡eB mdj
n‡q‡Qb; Avi mdj n‡q‡Qb e‡jB AvR‡Ki mgMÖ gymwjg
we‡k¦i cvwievwiK, mvgvwRK, ivR‰bwZK, A_©‰bwZK I
ag©‰bwZK mKj †¶‡ÎB Pig wech©q, Pig Ae¶q weivR
Ki‡Q|
*
5 nvw`m msKj‡b †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx†bi f‚wgKv
AveyeKi [iv]
Ò--cÖ_g Ljxdv nhiZ AveyeKi wQÏxK [iv:] wb‡R cvuP
kZ nvw`‡mi GK msKjb ˆZqvi Kwiqv wQ‡jb| wKš‘
Rxe‡bi †kl fv‡M wZwb wb‡RB Zvnv webó Kwiqv †d‡jb
[cyuwo‡q †d‡jb]| Bnvi KviY ¯^iƒc gynvwÏm I
HwZnvwmKMY D‡j−L Kwiqv‡Qb †h, nvw`mmg~n msKjb
Kivi ci wZwb †gv‡UB ¯^w¯— jvf Kwi‡Z cv‡ib bvB|
Zvnvi g‡b K‡qK cÖKvi f‡qi mÂvi nq| wZwb GRb¨
fvweZ nBqv c‡ob †h, Zvunvi msKwjZ nvw`mmg~‡ni g‡a¨
GKwU K_v-GKwU kãI hw` ivQyj Kwi‡gi g~j evYxi we›`y
gvÎI wecixZ nBqv c‡o, Zvnv nB‡j ivQy‡ji K‡Vvi
mZK© evYx Abyhvqx Zvnv‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi BÜb nB‡Z nB‡e|
wØZxqZ: Zvnvi g‡b GB fqI RvMÖZ nBj †h, Zvnvi
msKwjZ nvw`m MÖš’‡K gymwjg RbMY hw` †Kviv‡bi
mgZzj¨ gh©v`v w`qv e‡m wKsev Ab¨vb¨ Qvnvex‡`i ewY©Z I
msKwjZ nvw`m A‡c¶v AwaK gh©v`v w`‡Z ïi“ K‡i, Zvnv
nB‡jI gymjgvb‡`i c‡¶ we‡kl ¶wZi KviY nB‡e|
Zvnvi d‡j nvw`m msKj‡bi †¶‡Î e¨vcK KvR I AMÖMwZ

e¨nZ nB‡Z cv‡i| GB me wPš—vi d‡jB wZwb Zvnv bó
Kwiqv †d‡jb|
e¨vcviwU‡K Avgiv hZB Mfxi I m~² `„wó‡Z wePvi
Kwiqv †`wL bv †Kb, Bnv‡Z GKwU we‡kl gb¯—vwZ¡K I
gvbwmK Ae¯’vi cwiYvg ejv Qvov Ab¨ wKQy ejv hvq bv-|Ó [`ª: nvw`m msKj‡bi BwZnvm; †jLK: gy: Av: iwng;
cÖKvkK: BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb I Lvqiƒb cÖKvkbx; c„: 290
]|
Igi dviƒK [iv]
Ò-- nhiZ Igi dviƒK (iv)-Gi mgqB miKvix ch©vq
wew”Qbœ nvw`m m¤ú` msKjb I wjwce× Kiv nq Ges
Dnv‡K my-mse× Kwiqv jIqvi cÖkœ me©cÖ_g DÌvwcZ nq|
nhiZ Igi [iv:] wb‡RB GB weivU KvR m¤úbœ Kwievi
B”Qv cÖKvk Kwiqv wQ‡jb Ges G m¤ú‡K© Ab¨vb¨ Qvnvexi
mwnZ civgk©I KwiqvwQ‡jb| gymjgvbiv Zvunv‡K Bnvi
AbyKz‡jB civgk© w`qv wQ‡jb| wKš‘ c‡i Zuvnvi wb‡Ri
g‡bB GB m¤ú‡K© wØav I m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK nq †h, Bnv Kiv
mgxPxb nB‡e wKbv! wZwb cÖvq GKgvm Kvj ch©š— A‡bK
wPš—v-fvebv I B‡¯—Lviv Kwi‡Z _v‡Kb| wKš‘ †kl ch©š—
wZwb wb‡RB GKw`b ewj‡jb: ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡`i wbKU
nvw`m wjwce× I msKwjZ Kivi K_v ewjqvwQjvg, GK_v
†Zvgiv Rvb| wKš‘ c‡i g‡b nBj †Zvgv‡`i c~‡e©i Avn&‡j
†KZve †jv‡KivI Ggwbfv‡e bexi K_v msKwjZ
KwiqvwQj, d‡j Zuvnviv ZvnvB AvuKwoqv awij Ges
Avj−vni wKZve cwiZ¨vM Kwij| Avj−vni kc_, Avwg
Avj−vni wKZv‡ei mv‡_ Ab¨ wKQyB wgwkªZ Kwie bv|Õ
AZtci wZwb nvw`m msKwjZ Kwievi msKí Z¨vM
K‡ib--Ó| [`ª: H c„: 298]
Imgvb [iv]
-- nhiZ Imgvb [iv] wb‡R nvw`m eY©bv Kwiqv‡Qb|
wKš‘ Lye Aí msL¨K nvw`mB Zvnvi wbKU nB‡Z ewY©Z
nBqv‡Q| Bnvi KviY cÖ`k©b m¤^‡Ü wZwb wb‡RB
ewjqv‡Qb: ÔivQy‡ji Qvnvex‡`i g‡a¨ ivQy‡ji AwaK nvw`m

13

msi¶YKvix Avwg bwn; GB KviYwU Avgv‡K ivQy‡ji nvw`m
eY©bv Kiv nB‡Z weiZ iv‡L bvB| eis nvw`m eY©bv nB‡Z
weiZ _vKvi KviY GB †h, Avwg wb‡RB ivQyj Kixg‡K [mv]
GB K_v ewj‡Z ïwbqvwQ ewjqv mv¶¨ w`‡ZwQ †h, ivQyj
hvnv e‡jb bvB Zvnv hw` †Kn Zvnvi Dc‡i Av‡ivc K‡i
Z‡e †m †hb Rvnvbœv‡g Zuvnvi Avkªq LyuwRqv jq|Õ nhiZ
Imgvb Aí K‡qKwU nvw`m eY©bv Kiv Qvov Dnvi Aci
†Kvb e„nËi wL`gZ Kwiqv‡Qb ewjqv †Kv_vI D‡j−L cvIqv
hvq bv| [`ª: H c„: 299]
Avjx [iv]
-- †h KqRb Qvnvex wb‡R‡`i nv‡Z ivQy‡ji wbKU
kÖ“Z nvw`m wjwce× Kwiqv ivwLqv wQ‡jb, nhiZ Avjx [iv:]
Zvunv‡`i Ab¨Zg| wZwb †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v I we‡k−lY
m¤ú‡K© K‡qKwU nvw`m ivQy‡ji wbKU nB‡Z kªeY Kwiqv
wjwLqv wQ‡jb| -- Bnv‡K fuvR Kwiqv wZwb Zvunvi
Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡ci g‡a¨ ivwLqv w`qv wQ‡jb| Bnv‡Z
e¨envwiK KvR-Kg© msµvš— ûKzg AvnKv‡gi K‡qKwU
nvw`m wjwLZ wQj| [`ª: H c„: 300]
msw¶ß mgv‡jvPbv
c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbexi Rxebx wjL‡bi
¯^c‡¶ mgMÖ †Qnv-‡QËvi g‡a¨ A_ev evwn‡i gnv bexi
GKwU nvw`mI †bB| GgbwK Dwj−wLZ wb‡lavÁvi Av‡`kwU
iwnZ K‡i‡Qb wK evwZj K‡i‡Qb, Ggb †Kvb nvw`mI
cÖPwjZ nvw`‡m †bB; †bB †Kvb BwZnv‡mI| Gi c‡iI hw`
†KD nvw`m wjL‡bi c‡¶ †Kvb nvw`m cÖgvb Ki‡Z cv‡ib
Z‡e Pvi gnvb Ljxdvi nvw`m †cvov‡bv Ges msKj‡bi
wei“‡× wecixZ Ae¯’vb gymwjg wek¦‡K weeªZ Ki‡e|
gnvbexi Rb¥-g„Zz¨i gv‡S ˆ`bw›`b LywUbvwU Ges e„nr
mKj KvR-K‡g©i m‡½ IrcÖ‡Zvfv‡e RwoZ wQ‡jb we‡kl
K‡i GB †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxbMY| Gbv‡`i mZZv,
b¨vqcivqYZv, we¯^¯’Zv, ag© fxi“Zv, weP¶YZv, `~i`wk©Zv,
Ava¨vwZ¡KZv Ges Z¨vM, Kw_Z nvRvi †KvwU Av‡jgAvj−vgv, Bgvg, cxi, †gvRv‡Ï‡`i †h Zzjbv nq bv Zv

kwiqZ GK ev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi K‡ib| Zuv‡`iB GKRb Ges
Ab¨Zg cÖavb nhiZ AveyeKi [iv] gvÎ 500wU nvw`m
msKjb K‡i m~² Ávb I `~i`wk©Zvi Av‡jv‡K Bmjv‡gi
e„nËi ¯^v‡_© Zv cÖKv‡k¨ R¡vwj‡q †d‡jb|
nhiZ Igi [iv] GK gvm hver G‡¯—Lviv K‡i, [A_©vr
Ava¨vwÍK Ávb mvabvq Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji AbygwZ jvf]
AZtci Ges Aek¨B ÔbvÕ myPK Bw½Z †c‡qB Bmjv‡gi
e„nËi ¯^v‡_© Avj−vni KQg †L‡q nvw`m wjLb cwiKíbv
cwiZ¨vM K‡ib|
nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Rvnvbœv‡gi f‡q †Kvivb Qvov
gnvbex m¤^‡Ü †Kvb gš—e¨B Ki‡Zb bv| nhiZ Imgv‡bi
[iv] Kg nvw`m eY©bvi c‡¶ Zvi bv‡g †h KviY Dc‡i ewY©Z
n‡q‡Q Zv Zvi wbR¯^ Dw³ e‡j g‡b nq bv|
nhiZ Avjx [iv] ag©Áv‡b Z_v Ava¨vwZ¥KZvq GZ DbœZ
wQ‡jb †h, gnvbexi [mv] c‡iB Zvi ¯’vb e‡j Kw_Z nq|
GgbwK wZwbI nvw`m m¤^‡Ü g‡bi fy‡jI msKj‡bi
KLbI †Kvb cwiKíbv ev c`‡¶c †bb wb| Kw_Z nq
†h, wZwb Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡c nvw`m wj‡L †i‡LwQ‡jb! GKwU
Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡c †h KqwU jvBb wj‡L ivLv m¤¢e Zv
†Kvivb wjLK nhiZ Avjxi [iv] `yÕGK wgwb‡Ui g‡a¨B
gyLš— Kivi ¶gZv wQj| GKRb †hv×vi Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡c
cv_i, Pvgov ev KvM‡R wj‡L nvw`m msi¶Y cÖbvjx eoB
Zv¾‡ei welq| Zv¾‡ei welq †h G‡Z nvw`m Kx
†Kviv‡bi AvqvZ †jLv wQj Zv Av‡Rv †KD Rv‡b bv!
AvwgI Rvwb bv, Z‡e aviYv nq †h, Zv ivQyj cÖ`Ë¡ GKwU
ZvweR wQj hvi ¸‡Y Avjxi Zievix AcÖwZØw›Ø
ÔRyjwdKviÕ bvg aviY Ki‡Z m¶g nq|
†Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxbMY †h Avj−vn, †h ivQyj Ges †h
Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_© nvw`m msKj‡bi cwiKíbv ‡h
Avj−vni KQg †L‡q R¡vwj‡q w`‡jb, Z¨vM Ki‡jb; wVK
†mB Avj−vn, †mB ivQyj Ges †mB Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_©
(?) gnv bexi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i cuvP kZ bq,
nvRvi bq eis j¶ j¶ nvw`m iPbv K‡i wbR wbR bv‡gi
wk‡ivbv‡g (?) cÖKvk K‡i mZ¨, gnvmZ¨, wPimZ¨ e‡j
†NvlYv w`‡jb! `vex Ki‡jb!!

14

nvw`m msKj‡b †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi AwfgZ,
cwiKíbv Ges wm×vš— GKK I Awfbœ wQj| c¶vš—‡i,
nvw`m †eËvMY Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji K‡Vvi wb‡lavÁvi
wecix‡Z, †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxb‡`i M„nxZ cÖ¯—vebvi wei“‡×
ce©Z cÖgvY nvw`m iPbv Ki‡jb Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_©i
†`vnvB w`‡q! ïay ZvB-B bq, gnvgwZ nhiZ AveyeK‡ii
[iv] nvw`m R¡vwj‡q †`qvi welqwUi gš—e¨ Ki‡Z wM‡q
Avj−vgv gynv‡ÏmMY wj‡L‡Qb, ÒnhiZ AveyeK‡ii [iv]
we‡kl gb¯—vwZ¡K I gvbwmK Ae¯’vi cwiYvg|Ó A_©vr mnR
I mij K_vq, Zvui gv_v Lvivc n‡qwQj e‡jB Avj−vgv‡`i
`„p wek¦vm! wKš‘ nhiZ Igi [iv] GKgvm hver G‡¯—Lviv
K‡i AZtci nvw`m msKjb cwiKíbv Z¨vM Ki‡jb; †m
m¤^‡Ü nvw`m †eËvMY gš—e¨ †_‡K weiZ i‡q‡Qb! ejv
evûj¨ H GKB MÖ‡š’ [cÖKvkK wfbœ] †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi
cv_©K¨ Ki‡Z wM‡q wj‡L‡Qb, Ò†Kvivb Mv‡Qi KvÊ ¯^iƒc,
nvw`m Dnvi kvLv-cÖkvLv; kvLv-cÖkvLv wenxb KvÊ †hgb
AveR©bv gvÎ; nvw`m wenxb †Kvivb I Z`ªƒc|Ó [`ª: Ônvw`m
msKj‡bi BwZnvm; gy. Av: iwng, cÖKvkK: evsjv‡`k
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb; c„: 34]
kwiq‡Zi nvw`m m~Î g‡Z Qvnvev‡`i bv‡g †Kvb KU‚w³
Kiv Ges †Kvivb m¤^‡Ü weiƒc gš—e¨ Kiv KzdzixZzj¨
Aciva! A_P gymwjg we‡k¦i †KvwU †KvwU Av‡jg, cxi I
Avj−vgv Z_v †gvm‡jg evsjvi GKRb gvÎ Avj−vgv, cxi
A_ev †Kvb Bmjvgx `j †Kvivb Z_v Qvnvev‡`i bv‡g
GZeo Acev` I KU‚w³i cÖwZev` K‡ib wb! eis Zviv
mgv‡R bv‡q‡e ivQyj, Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï` wnmv‡eB cÖwZôv
jvf K‡i‡Qb! Av‡iv j¶¨Yxq welq †h, Bmjv‡gi aviK I
evnK BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb D³ eBLvwb eûevi cÖKvk
K‡i‡Qb|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nhiZ Avjx [iv] ¯^n‡¯’ ÔbvnvRyj
evjvMvÕ bv‡g GKLvwb g~j¨evb MÖš’ iPbv K‡ib| cÖPwjZ
kwiq‡Zi myÎ g‡Z MÖš’Lvwb gnv g~j¨evb HwZnvwmK
cÖgvwYZ nvw`m MÖš’| A_P Bgvg †evLvixMY †m MÖ‡š’i GKwU
jvBbI Zv‡`i Qwnn, gnv Qwnn MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb †`b wb| g~jZ :
mybœx BgvgMY Dnv‡K nvw`m e‡jB ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv; Avi

ZvB e‡jB mybœx‡`i Kv‡Q AvRI Zv AcwiwPZ| nhiZ
Avjx [iv] Z_v bex es‡ki mv‡_ Bgvg †evLvix‡`i GB
kΓZvi KviY cÖK…Z I wbi‡c¶ Ávbx I ag©fxi“‡`i GKvš—
fv‡e †f‡e †`Lv `iKvi|
nvw`m msKj‡b gnvbex Z_v †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi
cwiKíbv I g~j¨vqb GK I Awfbœ Zv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ
n‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i nvw`m †eËvMY †m cwiKíbv¸wj
GKw`‡K †hgb Zv‡`i A`~i`wk©Zv Z_v fyj e‡j AvL¨vwqZ
K‡i‡Qb; Aciw`‡K GKvš— e¨w³MZ I wbLv` evj-myjf
Ges hyw³nxb hyw³ cÖgvY DÌvcb K‡i nvw`m msKj‡bi c‡¶
Avbvi e¨_© †Póv K‡i‡Qb| Dwj−wLZ gnv bex Z_v
†Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi gš—e¨ AZtci nvw`m †eËv‡`i
hyw³ZK© wePvi-we‡k−lY Ki‡j Zv mn‡RB aiv c‡o| nhiZ
Igi I nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] Dc‡ivwj−wLZ weei‡Y nvw`m
†eËv‡`i ¯^-we‡ivax gš—e¨I j¶¨Yxq welq|
*
6 nvw`m msKj‡b Pvi Bgv‡gi f‚wgKv
Avey nvwbdv (i):
Avey nvwbdv wnRix 81 m‡b Biv‡Ki Kzdvq Rb¥ MªnY
K‡ib| wZwb GKRb Kvc‡oi e¨emvqx wQ‡jb| mviv Rxeb
ag© M‡elYv I cÖPv‡i mKj mgqB nvw`m D‡c¶v K‡i
e¨w³MZ M‡elYvi c_ I g‡Zi DciB AwaK ¸i“Z¡ w`‡Zb|
G Kvi‡Y wnRvRx Av‡jgMY Zvi Zxeª wb›`v Ki‡Zb| wnRix
150 m‡b Ljxdv Avj-gbmy‡ii [mybœx‡`i Ljxdv] wei“‡×
ivR‰bwZK loh‡š¿i Kvi‡Y Zv‡K mkªg Kviv`‡Ê `wÊZ
K‡ib Ges G Ae¯’vqB wZwb KvivMv‡i g„Zz¨ eiY K‡ib|
AZtci Zuvi wkl¨MY ¸i“i nvw`m A¯^xKv‡ii Kj¼ †_‡K
gy³ Kivi Rb¨ Ôgymbv`yj Avwe nvwbdvÕ bv‡g GKvwaK cy¯—K
iPbv K‡i ¸i“i Kj¼ †NvPvevi e¨_© †Póv K‡ib| wZwb
wb‡R †Kvb †gvRvnv‡ei Rb¥ †`b wb; ‡Kvb MÖš’I wj‡Lbwb|
e¨w³MZfv‡e wZwb kxqv †gvRvnvef‚³ wQ‡jb| kxqv‡`i
Dc`j Ôhvqw`qvÕ `‡ji †bZv ev Bgvg Beªvnxg Be‡b
gynv¤§‡`i mg_©‡b AveŸvmxq‡`i weiƒ‡× we‡`ªv‡ni †bZ…Z¡

15

†`b| wbR¯^ ivq Ges gZ& ev d‡Zvqv cÖPv‡ii d‡j Zuvi
g„Zz¨i c‡i Biv‡K wdK&nx †gvRnv‡ei Rb¥ nq e‡j Kw_Z
Av‡Q| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ nvbvwd †gvRnve Kvi Øviv, K‡e Ges
†Kv_vq m~ÎcvZ nq, Zvi †Kvb wbw`©ó ev Awbw`©ó BwZnvm
†bB|
gvwjK Be‡b Avbvm (i):
Bgvg gvwj‡Ki Rb¥ 90 gZvš—‡i 97 wn:| Zvi wk¶v`x¶vi wel‡q †Kvb BwZnvm †bB| c¶vš—‡i, Zvi 900 Rb
wk¶K wQ‡jb e‡j H GKB MÖ‡š’ D‡j−L Av‡Q| wZwbI kxqv
†gvRvnvef‚³ wQ‡jb| Ljxdv Avj-gbmy‡ii Avg‡j
wLjvd‡Zi `vex`vi gynv¤§` Be‡b Avãyj−vn, Aciw`‡K
we‡`ªvnx Be‡b ûigy‡Ri mv‡_ m¤§Ü wQj e‡j Kw_Z nq|
145 wn: GK Afy¨Ìv‡bi gva¨‡g Ljxdv Avj-gbmyi‡K
DrLvZ K‡i gynv¤§` gw`bvi Ljxdv nb| AZtci gynv¤§`
†LjvdZ nviv‡j gw`bvi Mfb©i Rvdi Ge‡b †mvjvqgvb
KZ…©K Bgvg gv‡jK †eÎvNv‡Z `wÊZ nb| G AvNv‡Zi Kvi‡Y
Zvi Kuv‡ai GKwU nvo wePz¨Z nq| Ae‡k‡l Ljxdvi ek¨Zv
¯^xKvi K‡ib| Bgvg gvwj‡Ki wkl¨M‡Yi aviYv (!) †h,
wZwb ÒgyqvËvÓ bvgK GKLvwb MÖš’ iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| Dnvi
ˆewkó¨ wQj, †Kvivb bq, nvw`m bq; gvÎ GRgv wfwËK|
ZrKvjxb gw`bvi †gvmjgvb‡`i AvPvi-AvPiY I ag©
wewai Dci e¨vcK msKjb|
AveŸvmxq kvmb Avg‡j cÖ_g Ae¯’vq hLb ag©xq
AvB‡bi A‡š^lY Ges g~j¨vqb PjwQj [evK¨wU w`‡q †jLK
cÖK…Zc‡¶ wK eySv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb Zv †gv‡UB cwi¯‹vi bq
Z‡e Pig ag©xq Ae¶q cÖwZqgvb nq] Ges gymwjg mgv‡R
AwZ mvaviY e¨vcv‡iI Abym„Z c_ wb‡`©kbv wfwËK MÖš’
msKjb K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j Zuvi wkl¨‡`i wkl¨ KZ©„K eY©bv
cvIqv hvq| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ †m mg¯— MÖš’I AvR Avi †bB|
Bgvg Avey nvwbdvi gZB Bgvg gv‡jK †Kvb
†gvRnv‡ei Rb¥ †`b wb| Zuvi g„Zz¨i c‡i ¸i“i mybvg‡K
cuywR K‡i GK †kªYxi f³MY eZ©gvb ivRbxwZi gZB `jxq
N„Y¨ ¯^v‡_© †gŠwLKfv‡e gv‡jKx †gvRnv‡ei Rb¥ nq|

Avm-kv‡dC (i):
Bgvg kv‡dCi Rb¥ g„Zz¨ m¤^‡Ü wbw`©ó †Kvb BwZnvm
†bB| wb‡Ri wjwLZ †Kvb MÖš’ I †bB| aviYv Kiv nq 150
wnRix‡Z Biv‡Ki Mv¾vq Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib Ges 204
wnRix‡Z wgk‡ii dzmZv‡Z g„Zz¨ eiY K‡ib| Bgvg kv‡dC
m¤^‡Ü †h BwZnvm cvIqv hvq, Zv Zvi wkl¨ AvjgvmDw`i gva¨‡g; hvi g„Zz¨ nq 345 wnRix‡Z|
Bgvg kv‡dC 20 ermi e‡q‡m Bgvg gvwj‡Ki wbKU
Mgb K‡ib Ges 9 ermi ch©š— Zvi wbKU wk¶v MÖnY
K‡ib| wZwbI wkqv `jf‚³ wQ‡jb| hvq`x Dc-`‡ji Bgvg
Bqvn&Bqv Be‡b Avãyj−vni Abymvix wQ‡jb| wkqv‡`i m‡½
Ljxdvi wei“‡× wjß wQ‡jb e‡j Ljxdv nviƒb-Aiikx‡`i `iev‡i e›`x K‡i Avbv nq| wZwb GKRb Kwe I
`vk©wbK wQ‡jb| Ljxdvi ¶gZv cÖvß n‡q Bgvg Avey
nvwbdvi wkl¨ Bebyj nvmvb Avm&-mvqevbx ewY©Z Avey
nvwbdvi ixwZ-bxwZi ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i AZtci weiƒc
g‡bvfve cÖKvk K‡ib| wKš‘ cÖKv‡k¨ we‡ivaxZv Ki‡Z
mvnm cvb wb ev m¶g nb wb| KviY mvqevbx ZLb Ljxdvi
`iev‡ii A‡NvwlZ Pvg&Pv ev Avgjv wQ‡jb| wZwb nvw`‡mi
ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i ZrKvjxb mvgvwRK Ae¯’vi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z
wbR¯^ gZ& cÖPvi K‡ib| Zvi g„Zz¨i c‡i, Zvi a¨vb-aviYv
wkl¨MY KZ©„K cÖPvwiZ nq Ges wkl¨MYB kv‡dC †gvRvnve
bvg aviY K‡i mgv‡R ¯^Zš¿ cÖwZôv jvf K‡ib| Zvi cÖavb
4 Rb wkl¨‡`i g‡a¨ Bgvg nv¤^j wQ‡jb Ab¨Zg|
Avn¤§` Be‡b gynv¤§` nv¤^j (i)
gynv¤§` nv¤^j 164 wnRix‡Z Biv‡Ki evM`v‡` Rb¥
MªnY K‡ib| wZwb 19 ermi eq‡m nvw`m wk¶vi Rb¨
wmwiqv, wnRvR I B‡q‡g‡b mdi K‡ib| AZtci †`‡k
wd‡i Bgvg kv‡dCi wbKU wdK&nv Aa¨vqb K‡ib| Gici
wZwb Dwj−wLZ wZb Bgv‡gi gZev‡`i wei“‡× wbR¯^ gZev`
M‡o †Zv‡jb| wZwbB cª_g Bgvg, whwb wb‡Ri gZvgZ ev
d‡Zvqv¸wj ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj K‡i‡Qb; A_©vr wb‡Ri
AwfgZ¸wj ivQy‡ji bv‡gi †`vnvB w`‡q mgv‡R Pvwj‡q
w`‡Zb|

16

ZrKvjxb †LjvdZ †gvZvwRjv‡`i Aaxb wQj e‡j
wZwbI Zv‡`i nv‡Z Kvive× nb| 241 wnRix‡Z evM`v‡`
Zvi g„Zz¨ nq| g„Zz¨i c‡i Zvi †Q‡j Ave`yj−vn wcZvi
†gŠwLK e³…Zv Pqb K‡i Ôgymbv`Õ MÖš’ iPbv K‡ib| hv‡Z
ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj K‡i‡Qb e‡j 28/29 nvRvi, gZvš—
‡i 40 j¶ nvw`m mwbœ‡ewkZ Av‡Q| [ Z_¨myÎ: D‡j−wLZ
mKj HwZnvwmK Z_¨vejx nvw`m msKj‡bi BwZnvm,
Avãyi iwng; evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ
Ômsw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †KvlÕ †_‡K †bqv n‡q‡Q|]
mgv‡jvPbv
Bgvg PZzóq mg-mvgwqK I G‡K A‡b¨i ¸i“-wkl¨
wQ‡jb| Kvjµ‡g ¸i“‡`i g„Zz¨i c‡i ¸i“‡`i A¯^xKvi K‡i
Z_v Kg-‡ewk mgv‡jvPbv K‡i wbR gZev` cÖwZôv K‡ib|
AZtci Zv‡`i g„Zz¨i c‡i ¯^-¯^ AbymvixMY †gŠwLK
`wj‡ji Ici wfwË K‡i ¸i“‡`i bv‡g †gvRvnv‡ei Rb¥
†`b| ci¯úi gZwe‡iva I SMov d¨vQv` Govevi Rb¨ Pvi
†gvRvnve Pvi diR e‡j †gŠwLKfv‡eB ¯^xK…Z nq| GQvov
Ab¨ †Kvb c_ I †Lvjv wQj bv| KviY Rbkw³ I jvVvjvwV‡Z ZLb †Kvb `jB wcwQ‡q wQj bv|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Zviv mK‡jB wkqv m¤cÖ`vqfz³
wQ‡jb| wkqv n‡q mybœx‡`i †bZv nIqvi wcQ‡b A‡bK
inm¨ _vKvi K_v| D”Pvwfjvmx †bZvMY Awbevh© Kvi‡Y `j
†_‡K ewn®‹„Z n‡j ev `j Z¨vM Ki‡j we‡ivax `j¸wj
†hgb AwZwi³ m¤§vb w`‡q MÖnY K‡ib, m¤¢eZt †mfv‡eB
†bZv PZzóq myybœx‡`i `‡j Avgwš¿Z n‡q AZci wkKo
†M‡o e‡mb|
a‡g©i †¶‡Î Avj−vni Awn Qvov gvby‡li Rb¨ †Kvb
weavb ev wek¦vm diR n‡Z cv‡i bv; Avi ZvB e‡jB
ivQy‡ji Kw_Z evYxI diR e‡j ¯^xK…Z nq wb| c¶vš—‡i 4
†gvRvnve 4 diR e‡j mgv‡R wK K‡i cÖwZôv jvf Ki‡jv
Zv Ávbx‡`i AvR GKvš— †f‡e †`Lv `iKvi| †Kviv‡bi
Av‡jv‡K `j-Dc`‡ji ˆeaZvi †Kvb `wjj Lyu‡R cvIqv
hvq bv| eis G‡`i A‰eaZvi c‡¶ †Kviv‡b KwVb ûwkqvix
†NvwlZ Av‡Q| wbæ AvqvZ¸wj Zvi R¡jš— cÖgvY|

1. AÕZvwQgy we-nvejxj−v-wn R¡vwgÕ AvD Ajv ZvdviivK¡z
[3:Ggivb-103] A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni i¾y GK‡Î
gReyZfv‡e AvK‡o a‡iv| †Zvgiv `j Dc-`‡j wef³
nBI bv|
2. Bbœvj−vRxbv dvivK¡z Øxbvûg-- wegv Kv-by BqvdÕ
Avjyb| [6:AvbAvg-159] A_©: hviv wb‡R‡`i Rxeb
e¨e¯’v wnmv‡e bvbv c_ Avwe¯‹vi K‡i‡Q I `j Dc`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i Dc‡i Avcbvi [ivQy‡ji]
†Kvb `vwqZ¡ †bB| Zv‡`i KvR Kg© Avj−vni Dc‡iB
b¨¯— Ki“b|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ `yÕwUi Av‡jv‡K Ávbx‡`i †f‡e †`Lv
DwPr †h, Avgiv gymjgvb AvR †Kvb c‡_! Avqv‡Z
cwi¯‹vi †h, AvR‡Ki `j Dc-`j¸wj gnv bexi kvdvqvZ
†_‡K wPi ewÂZ! nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw`B †h GRb¨ `vqx,
Zv‡Z Avi Kv‡iv m‡›`n _vKvi K_v bq|
*
7 Imgv‡bi [iv] †LjvdZ †_‡K ciewZ© gymwjg mgvR
nvw`‡mi ¯^iƒc, DrcwË I msMÖ‡ni cwi‡ek m¤^‡Ü
cwi¯‹vi aviYv bv _vK‡j nvw`‡mi g~j¨vqb Kiv KwVb| H
mg‡qi msw¶ß mvgvwRK, ivR‰bwZK Ges ag©xq Ae¯’v
Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi `„wó‡Z wbæiƒc :
Ò... nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] AewnZ cieZ©x
DËivwaKvixMY KZ…©K †ivg mvgªv‡R¨i wmwiqv, wgki cÖf…wZ
Ges cvim¨ mvgªv‡R¨i †`kmg~n wewRZ nIqvi djkÖ“wZ‡Z
cÖf‚Z ab m¤úwË, ¶gZv I cÖwZcwË Zv‡`i KivqZ¡ nq|
d‡j ivQy‡ji DËivwaKvix c`wU AmvaviY gh©v`v jvf
K‡i| Aciw`‡K gymwjg mvgªvR¨ Pig we¯Z…wZ jvf Kivi
c~‡e©B ÔLjxdvÕ c`wU c„w_exi Ab¨Zg ¶gZvkvjx miKvi
cÖavb e‡j MY¨ n‡Z _v‡K|
nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] Øv`k el©e¨vcx wLjvdZKv‡ji
†kl 6 ermi Kvj [35 wn:] ch©š— wQj Pig Akvwš—i Kvj|
GB cwieZ©‡bi myPbv n‡qwQj ZLb, hLb [30 wn:] nhiZ

17

Imgvb [iv] ivQy‡ji †gvnivswKZ A½yix Aviwk‡Ki K‚‡c
nvwi‡q †d‡jb| GB mgqB cÖ_g Biv‡K we‡`ªv‡ni m~Pbv
nq| Biv‡Ki A_©bxwZMZ msKU cÖejZi n‡q D‡VwQj;
Ges RbM‡Yi g‡a¨ Am‡š—vl Zxeª AvKvi aviY K‡iwQj|
KzdvevmxMY emivi DgvBqv kvmbKZ©v mvB` Be‡b Avm‡K
AcmvwiZ K‡i Z`¯’‡j Avey gyQv Avj-AvmZvix‡K wbhy³
Ki‡Z Ljxdv‡K eva¨ K‡i|... Abyiƒcfv‡e wgk‡ii
kvmbKZ©v Be‡b Avey mvivn& we‡`ªvnx‡`i m‡½ G‡U DV‡Z
cviwQ‡jb bv| G¶‡Y gynv¤§` Be‡b Avey ûhvqdv bvgK GK
e¨w³i [Qvnvev] †bZ…‡Z¡ GK`j we‡`ªvnx nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv]
we‡ivaxZv KiwQj| hw`I gynv¤§` Be‡b Avey ûhvqdv nhiZ
Imgv‡bi [iv] cvjK cyÎ wQ‡jb| wKQyKvj hver Giƒc
`~‡h©v‡Mi †h †gN cywÄf‚Z nw”Qj 35 wnRixi †k‡l Zvi
ewntcÖKvk NU‡jv| wewfbœ cÖ‡`‡ki we‡`ªvnxMY gw`bvi
w`‡K hvÎv K‡i| me©cÖ_‡g Av‡m wgkixqMY| Ljxdvi mv‡_
mv¶v‡Z Zviv Zv‡`i Awf‡hvM¸wj [wK Awf‡hvM wQj!]
AwZkq Zxeª fvlvq cÖKvk K‡i| we‡`ªvnxMY Imgvb‡K M„‡n
Aei“× K‡i iv‡L|... K‡qKw`b Giƒc Aei“‡×i ci
KwZcq †gvm‡jg 35 wnRix‡Z gynv¤§` Be‡b evK‡ii
†bZ…‡Z¡ Ljxdvi M„nvf¨vš—‡i cÖ‡ek K‡i Zv‡K wbnZ
K‡ib| Ljxdv H mgq †Kvivb cvV KiwQ‡jb| Zvi i³
Kziv‡bi Dci wQU‡K c‡o, Zvi ¯¿xI AvnZ nq| kvnv`‡Zi
c‡ii w`b Mfxi iv‡Î AZ¨š— †Mvcbxqfv‡e Ljxdvi wbKU
AvÍxqMY jvm& mgvwa¯’ K‡ib [Rvbvhv n‡qwQj wKbv!]| G
nZ¨vKv‡Ûi d‡j Bmjv‡gi ivR‰bwZK Ges ag©xq
gZwe‡iva I M„nhy‡×i hyM Avi¤¢ nq| nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv]
†LjvdZ Ges Gi i³v³ mgvwß Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡m GKwU
Ki“Y, N„Y¨ I hyMvš—Kvix NUbv|
... AZtci nhiZ Avjx [iv] gw`bvi gmwR‡` mg‡eZ
gymwjgMY Ljxdv wnmv‡e Zvi nv‡Z eqvZ MÖnY K‡ib| 36
wnRix‡Z wZwb g`xbv Z¨vM K‡i Kzdv P‡j hvb Ges Avi
wd‡i Avm‡Z cv‡ib wb| wewe Avqkv, Zvjnv I hyev‡qi
[iv] nhiZ Imgv‡bi nZ¨vKvix‡`i kvw¯— weav‡bi `vex‡Z
nhiZ Avjxi [iv] wei“‡× hy‡×i cÖ¯‘wZ Ki‡j wZwb Zv‡`i
wei“‡× hy× hvÎv K‡ib Ges wQwà‡bi gv‡V Dóª hy‡× mse×

`jwU‡K civwRZ K‡ib| wewe Avqkv‡K (iv) ew›`bx K‡i
40 Rb gwnjvmn GK`j AbyP‡ii cvnvivax‡b gw`bv †cÖiY
K‡ib| AZtci Kzdv †_‡K wZwb Avj-gv`vB‡b Mgb
K‡ib| ivK¡v bvgK ¯’v‡b dzivZ b`x cvi n‡j wQwà‡bi
cÖvš—‡i nhiZ gyqvexqvi KwVb cÖwZ‡iv‡ai m¤§yLxb nb| 35
wnRix †_‡K 37 wn: ch©š— ci ci K‡qKwU hy× msMwVZ
nq| nhiZ Avjx [iv] hLb P‚ovš— Rq jvf KiwQ‡jb; ZLb
nhiZ gyqvexqvi civg‡k© ay©Z Qvnvev nhiZ Avgi Gebyj
Avm& hy‡× civRq Aek¨¤¢vex †R‡b wmwiqvi ˆmb¨MY KZ…©K
†Kviv‡bi c„ôv ej−g I ek©v‡Mª we× K‡i D‡×© D‡Ëvjb
K‡i, Avj−vni †KZve Abyhvqx wePvi dqkvjvi `vex‡Z
mwÜ cÖv_©bv K‡ib| ejv evûj¨, GB mwÜ cÖv_©bv wQj
P‚ovš— lohš¿g~jK Ges Zv djcÖmyI nq| nhiZ Avjxi [iv]
c‡¶i Biv‡Ki ˆmb¨`jwU GB K‚U-†KŠk‡j wek¦vm K‡i
hy× eÜ K‡i Ges Avjx‡K mwÜi Rb¨ Pvc cÖ‡qvM K‡i|
AZtci wZwb eva¨ n‡qB mwÜ K‡ib| nhiZ gyqvexqv I
Zvi cÖavb †mbvcwZ nhiZ Avgi Gebyj Avm&‡K Zvi c‡¶
mvwjk wb‡qvM K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i, nhiZ Avjx Zvi B”Qvi
wei“‡× eva¨ n‡qB Avey gyQv Avj AvmZvix‡K Zvi c‡¶i
mvwjk †g‡b †bb| c~Y© ¶gZv cÖ`vqK wjwLZ `wjj cÖvß
n‡q wePviKØq 37 wnRix‡Z GK‡Î wgwjZ nb| nhiZ
Avg‡ii kVZv I PvZzix‡Z cÖZvwiZ n‡q nhiZ Avey gymv
¯^xKvi K‡ib †h, nhiZ Imgvb nZ¨vi cÖwZKv‡ii `vexi
b¨vh¨ AwaKvi nhiZ gyqvexqvi i‡q‡Q, myZivs nhiZ Avey
gyQv nhiZ Avjx‡K Ljxdv c` †_‡K c`Pz¨Z Kivi cÖ¯—ve
†g‡b †bb Ges mg‡eZ RbM‡Yi m¤§y‡L Zv †NvlYv K‡ib|
†mB †NvlYvbymv‡i Avey gyQvi cÖwZev` m‡Ë¡I Avgi Gebyj
Avm& AZtci gyqvexqv‡K Ljxdv c‡`i †hvM¨Zv I envj
†NvlYv K‡ib| GB A‰ea †NvlYvq †Ljvd‡Zi cÖ‡kœ `yj©Nœ
RwUjZvi m„wó nq| G Ae¯’vq nhiZ Avjxi †mbv `‡j
Av‡iv fv½‡bi m„wó nq| nhiZ Avjx [iv] †Kb mvwjk cÖ¯—
ve †g‡b wb‡jb-G ARynv‡Z A‡bK ˆmb¨B Avjxi mg_©b
cÖZ¨vnvi K‡i I Zvi `j Z¨vM K‡ib| Avãyj−vn Ge‡b
Inve Avievmwei †bZ…‡Z¡ Avjxi wei“‡× Amª aviY K‡ib|
GivB Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g wefw³i `j; Giv mgv‡R Lv‡iRx

18

e‡j cwiwPZ|
AZtci nhiZ Avjx Kzdvq wd‡i †M‡jb| c¶vš—‡i,
my‡hv‡Mi c~Y© mØe¨env‡ii Rb¨ nhiZ gyqvexqv nhiZ
Avjxi [iv] wei“‡× Awfhv‡bi ci Awfhvb †cÖiY K‡ib|...
AZtci Avey eKi Bebyj gyjRvg- Avm& mvwibx bvgK
R‰bK Qvnvev ¸ßNvZ‡Ki nv‡Z nhiZ Avjx wbnZ nb|...
GB Qvnvev Zvi `yBRb mgwek¦vmxi m‡½ civgk©µ‡g
bvnivIqv‡bi hy‡× wbnZ Zv‡`i AvÍxq‡`i cÖwZ‡kva
MÖnYv‡_© GKB w`‡b nhiZ Avjx, nhiZ gyqvexqv I nhiZ
Avgi Gebyj Avm&‡K nZ¨vi cwiKíbv K‡ib| G
cwiKíbvq GKgvÎ nhiZ AvjxB [iv] aiv c‡ob; c¶vš—
‡i, nhiZ gyqvexqv I nhiZ Avgi Gebyj-Avm& †eu‡P
hvb|Ó [Z_¨m~Î: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; cÖKvkK:
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb, evsjv‡`k; 2q LÛ ]
msw¶ß ch©v‡jvPbv
nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] kvmbvg‡j †Kb wek„sLjv, Akvwš—
I †Mvj‡hvM †`Lv †`q, Zvi wewfbœ Kvi‡Yi g‡a¨ cÖavb
m~PbvwU wQj wbæiƒc:
wgk‡ii bZzb MfY©i wnmv‡e Ljxdv nhiZ Imgv‡bi
[iv] ¯^v¶wiZ wb‡qvM cÎ wb‡q cÖ_g Ljxdv nhiZ Avey
eK‡ii [iv] †Q‡j gynv¤§` [iv] Ges Zvi `jejmn wgk‡i
hvw”Q‡jb, cw_g‡a¨ GK ¸ßPi aiv c‡o| Zvi c‡KU †_‡K
Ljxdv Imgv‡biB [iv] ¯^v¶wiZ I †gvnivw¼Z Avi GKwU
cÎ D×vi Kiv nq, Zv‡Z wgk‡ii MfY©‡ii Kv‡Q †jLv wQj
†h, Ôgynv¤§` wgk‡ii bZzb MfY©i wnmv‡e †Zvgvi ILv‡b
hv‡”Q †cuŠQvgvÎB †hb Zv‡K nZ¨v Kiv nq|Õ AZtci
gynv¤§` ¸ßPi‡K e›`x K‡i Avevi gw`bv wd‡i G‡m
Ljxdvi Kv‡Q Gi cÖwZev` Rvbv‡j Ljxdv Zv A¯^xKvi
K‡ib| AZtci Z`š— KwgwUi gva¨‡g cÖgvY nq †h, GB N„Y¨
RvwjqvwZ KvRwU K‡i‡Qb nhiZ gviIqvb web nvKvg [iv]|
wZwb Ljxdvi PvPv‡Zv fvB Z`ycwi †g‡qi RvgvB, Ni
RvgvB Ges Ljxdvi N‡iB _v‡Kb| gynv¤§` I Zvi
mg_©K‡`i wZbwU `vex wQj: 1. NUbvi wePvi Ki A_ev 2.
gviIqvb‡K `vI bZzev 3. †LjvdZ †_‡K m‡i `vovI|

wKš‘ Ljxdv Zvi †KvbwUB cyiY Ki‡Z bv cvivq m`¨RvZ
gymwjg we‡k¦ we‡`ªv‡ni myPbv nq|
R‰bK ‡jLK d‡Z †gvj−v e‡jb, Òdz‡ji gZ wb®‹j¼,
wgwó gayi gnvb Pwi‡Îi nhiZ Imgvb [iv] †Kb GZ eo
GKUv Acivax‡K ey‡K AvM‡j ivL‡jb? GKUv Kvj mvc
euvPv‡Z wM‡q wb‡Ri Rxeb Ges gymwjg D¤§vi fwel¨r
fqven fv½‡bi gy‡L †V‡j w`‡jb? †m wK wb‡Ri PvPv‡Zv
fvB e‡j? RvgvB e‡j? wbðqB bq| Aek¨B bq| Z‡e eo
in‡m¨i, eo †e`bvc−yZ G i³v³ bvUK..| nhiZ Imgv‡bi
i³v³ Rvgv Avi wewe bvqjvi KvUv Av½yj cvPvi n‡q †Mj
wmwiqvi MfY©i gvexqvi Kv‡Q| evBk eQi a‡i k³ wkKo
†M‡o‡Q †m †mLv‡b| i³v³ Rvgv wPiKvjB GK Ae¨_©
gviYvmª|...†m Av½yj, †m Rvgv Av¸b R¡vjv‡jv wmwiqvq|
Av¸b R¡j&j Biv‡K, wgk‡i, B‡q‡g‡b| dzUš— fv‡Zi nuvwoi
g‡Zv GKUvi ci GKUv wel‡duvov †d‡U †h‡Z _vKj
GLv‡b, ILv‡b meLv‡b| G‡Ki ci GK Pj&j KvjbvwMbxi
giY †Qvej| i³‡mªvZ e‡q †Mj ga¨cÖv‡P¨| †b‡g G‡jv
†Nvi Agvwbkv, mNb ke©ix...|Ó...†h bvU‡Ki cyi¯‹vi
n‡qwQj †mB Qvnvev gviIqvb web nvKvg [iv] whwb
Bmjv‡gi mßg Ljxdvi c` AjsK…Z K‡iwQ‡jb| [Z_¨myÎ:
Avj-‡fuv`‡oi †`k; Wvt d‡Z †gvj−v;Ô†cvnv‡j ke©ixÕ
Aa¨vq|]
Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi wØZxq Kj‡¼i m~Pbv nq Ljxdv
nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Lyb I Zvi i‡³ ‡Kvivb iwÄZ nIqvi
ga¨ w`‡q| kwiqZ I cÖPwjZ Bmjvgx cwifvlvi m~‡Î: i‡³
ARy †f‡½ Lvb& Lvb& nq, i‡³ †ivhv fv‡½, i‡³ bvgvR
fv‡½, i‡³ kwiq‡Zi aviv Dcaviv †f‡½-Pz‡i ZQ&bQ&
n‡q hvq; i‡³i †Qvqvq mKj cweÎ e¯‘ I Ae¯‘ Ges
wek¦vm AcweÎ n‡q hvq! †mB i‡³ AeMvwnZ †Kvivb
g~jZt AcweÎ bv n‡jI ZrKvjxb GK †kªYxi †bZ…¯’vbxq
Qvnvev I Zv‡eBb‡`i PwiÎ †h Pigfv‡e KjylxZ n‡qwQj
Zvi mv¶¨ enb K‡i nhiZ gyqvexqv I Zvi `‡ji
Qvnvev‡`i AvPiY †_‡K| Zvi D”Pvwfjvl nhiZ Imgv‡bi
[iv] kvnv`‡Zi ci †_‡KB cÖKvk¨ iƒc aviY K‡i| ZvB Zvi
kvnv`Z‡K Bmy¨ K‡i b¨v°viRbK wePv‡ii `vex‡Z gymwjg

19

ivR¨gq †h `jv`wj, D”Q„sLj, wek„sLj I nvbv-nvwb Z_v
M„n hy‡×i m~Pbv nq Ges AweiZ Pj‡Z _v‡K Zvi cÖavb
bvqK GB Qvnvev nhiZ gyqvexqv| Zvi D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨
Ggbfv‡e cÖwZôv jvf K‡iwQj hv †`o nvRvi ermi hver
AvRI Zv ejer Av‡Q| hw`I †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K AvÍ
Kjn, hy× weMÖn I LybvLybx ¸i“Zi Aciva Z_v nvivg
†R‡bI gyqvexqvMY Ljxdv nhiZ Avjxi [iv] wei“‡× GKgvÎ
¶gZvi †jv‡f AbeiZ i³¶qx hy‡×, †K cÖK…Z gymwjg
Avi †K Agymwjg; Avi †K wbnZ Avi †K kvnv`Z cÖvß, Zv
AvR †`o nvRvi ermi hver gš—e¨ Ki‡Z Avj−vgvMY mvnm
cvbwb| GKgvÎ ivQy‡ji bv‡g wg_¨v nvw`m ev d‡Zvqv cÖhy³
kwiq‡Zi weav‡bi Kvi‡Y| KviY, G‡Z Qvnvev‡`i fzjΓwU
aiv ev mgv‡jvPbv Kiv AÁvZ Kvi‡Y Rvnvbœvgx nIqvi
KwVb ûwkqvix ewY©Z Av‡Q| c¶vš—‡i mZ¨‡K †Mvcb bv
Kivi KwVY wb‡`©k †Kviv‡b ewY©Z Av‡Q! †h hvB-B K‡i,
Zvi dj wZ‡j wZ‡j †fvM Kivi †NvlYvI †Kviv‡b ewY©Z
Av‡Q| GgbwK gnv bex‡KI †Kvb †Kvb †¶‡Î mvgvb¨ fzj
I Ag‡bv‡hv‡Mi Kvi‡Y `¯‘i gZ agK Z_v †Zvev Kivi
ZvwM` w`‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b| [`ª: 2:evKviv-42; 40: ‡gvwgb55;17:ewb-BmªvBj-74,75; 7: Avivd-199,200]
e¯‘Zc‡¶ nvw`m †eËvMY Qvnvev‡`i eiv‡Z gnvbexi
bv‡g wjwLZ wg_¨v, hyw³nxb Ges Aev¯—e nvw`m¸wj
Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm Ges ¯^-RvwZq Kj¼ †X‡K ivLvi GK
my`yi cÖmvix lohš¿ gvÎ| GKRb Ljxdv I Qvnvevi
kvnv`‡Zi wePv‡ii ARynv‡Z Avi GKRb Ljxdv I KZ kZ
Qvnvev, Zv‡eCb g„Zz¨ eiY K‡i‡Qb Zvi BwZnvm KZUzKzB
ev †jLv n‡q‡Q|
nhiZ gyqvexqv nhiZ Avjxi m‡½ hyy‡× e¨_© n‡q
wb‡Ri A‰ea `vexi ¯^c‡¶ Rbmvavi‡Yi mg_©b Av`v‡qi
Rb¨ GgbwK bexcZœx wewe Avqkv‡KI [iv] †kl ch©š— hy‡×i
gv‡V G‡b bex RvgvZv I Ljxdv nhiZ Avjxi wei“‡× Amª
aviY Kiv‡Z eva¨ K‡i‡Qb| wVK †hgb ev½vwjMY †Kvb
GK mgq wRbœvn mv‡n‡ei fMœx wewe dv‡Zgv wRbœvn‡K `jxq
gybvdv AR©‡bi wbwg‡Ë fvov K‡iwQ‡jb!
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, gnvbexi g„Zz¨i c‡i, Zvi †Kvb ¯¿x

cybt weevn Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv e‡j †Kviv‡bB †NvwlZ Av‡Q
(33:Avnhve-53)| Gi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY n‡jv: bex
cZœxMY cieZ©x mgv‡Ri mv‡_ RwoZ n‡Z cvi‡eb bv|
Zviv ¯^Zš¿ I wbi‡c¶ Rxeb hvcb Ki‡eb; hv‡Z bex
cZœx‡`i gvb gh©v`v wPiZ‡i A¶zYœ _v‡K Ges Zv‡`i K_vq
ev e¨env‡i cÖZ¨¶ ev c‡iv¶fv‡e Avj−vni bex †hb KLbI
mgv‡jvwPZ ev weZwK©Z bv nb| wKš‘ nhiZ gyqvexqvi
Pµv‡š— †m gvb gh©v`v aywjmvr nq| Avi GB my‡hv‡M
¯^v_©ev`xMY ivQyj I Zvi ¯¿x‡`i bv‡g Ges eiv‡Z kZ kZ
nvw`m eqv‡bi my‡hvM cvq|
GZwKQy Kivi c‡iI Qvnvev gyqvexqvi D‡Ïk¨ mdj
nw”Qj bv ZvB gyg~l© Ae¯’vq cweÎ †Kviv‡bi ey‡K ek©vi
AvNvZ †n‡b †Kvivb‡K Aegvbbv Ki‡jv ¯^qs gnvbexi
Nwbó QvnvevMYB| gymwjg BwZnv‡m †Kviv‡bi kc_ K‡i
wek¦vmNvZKZv GB cÖ_g I me©‡kªô| mZ¨ ej‡Z evav †bB
†h, Zv msMwVZ n‡qwQj Qvnvev‡`i ØvivB|
B`vwbs Av‡gwiKvq Ôw` UvBgm&Õ cwÎKvq †Kviv‡bi
ey‡K PvKz we× K‡i i‡³ iwÄZ †Kviv‡bi GKwU KvU©yb gvÎ
cÖKv‡k mviv gymwjg we‡k¦ cÖwZev‡`i So D‡VwQj| A_P
ZrKvjxb gymjgvbMY, ïay gymjgvbB bq, gnvbexi
QvnvevMY cÖK…Z †Kvivb‡KB ek©v we× Ki‡jv, Qvnvev I
Ljxdvi mvaviY i‡³ bq eis Rxeb †`qv i‡³B †Kvivb
iwÄZ Ki‡jv; †Kviv‡bi kc_ K‡i †mB †Kviv‡bi mv‡_
wek¦vmNvZKZv Ki‡jv! c¶vš—‡i mgMÖ †gvm‡jg RvwZ
bxie f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡jv; †hb wKQyB nqwb|
mybœx‡`i BwZnvm I wek¦vm †h, gyqvexqv, Avgi Gebyj
Avm& I Avjx‡K GKB mgq nZ¨v Kivi Rb¨ Lv‡iRxMY
lohš¿ K‡i; GB loh‡š¿ GKgvÎ LjxdvB aiv c‡o Avi
gyqvexqv I Zvi †mbvcwZ i¶v cvq; c¶vš—‡i, kxqv‡`i
wek¦vm I BwZnvm m¤ú~Y© wecixZ|
g~jZt A‰ea †Ljvd‡Zi `Lj`vi, †Kvivb Lybx
gyqvexqv, ‡mbvcwZ Avgi, G‡`iB m„ó †mB lohš¿| g~‡j
DnvB †h hyw³m½Z I wek¦vm‡hvM¨, Zv cieZ©x BwZnvm
cwi¯‹vi mv¶¨ †`q| †mB gyqvexqviB A‡hvM¨ `yivPvi mš—
vb GwR‡`i Ljxdv g‡bvbqb Ges Z`-KZ©„K nhiZ Avjxi

20

[iv] mš—vb †nv‡m‡bi b„ksm nZ¨v| ïay nZ¨vB bq, nZ¨vi
c~‡e© Kvievjvi cÖvš—‡i 10 w`b ch©š— wkï cwievimn
Ae‡iva, cvbxq Lv‡`¨i Ae‡iva, AZtci ˆckvwPKfv‡e
nZ¨v| ivRv GwR‡`i †nv‡mb nZ¨v wek¦vm bvI n‡Z cv‡i
†f‡e Qvnvev-Zv‡eCbMY †nv‡m‡bi gyÛ †K‡U GwR‡`i
`iev‡i nvwRi Ki‡Z n‡qwQj| nhiZ nvmv‡bi wel
cÖ‡qv‡M g„Zz¨I ivR‰bwZK lohš¿| wKš‘ mybœxMY `wjq Kj¼
avgv Pvcv †`qvi Rb¨ Dnv ÔcvwievwiK Kj‡niÕ dj e‡j
BwZnvm iPbv K‡ib Ges nhiZ nvmv‡bi [iv] cwievi‡K
Kjw¼Z K‡ib|
bex I Zuvi cwievie‡M©i Dci Avj−vni we‡kl Ki“Yv
wQj e‡j Kw_Z nq ( `ª: 3:61)| Avey mywdqv‡bi cyÎ nhiZ
gyqvexqv I Z`cyÎ GwR‡`i BnvB wQj bex cwiev‡ii Dci
wnsmv I Av‡µv‡ki cÖavb KviY| Avi †mB Kvi‡YB bex
cwiev‡ii Dci †b‡g Av‡m hy‡Mi ci hyM Ab¨vq AZ¨vPvi,
AwePvi, hyjyg I wbh©vZb| BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûk‡bi cÖKvwkZ
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡li Av‡jv‡K:
Ò... Avjx Be‡b Avey Zvjx‡ei eskai‡`i AwaK msL¨KB
fvM¨ weow¤^Z wQ‡jb| Zv‡`i `yt‡Li Kvwnbx‡Z gymwjg
BwZnvm cwic~Y© n‡q Av‡Q| DgvBqv kvmKMY Avjx
eskxqMY‡K wbh©vZb K‡ib| †hgb Bgvg Beªvnxg‡K
nviiv‡b Ges hv‡q` Be‡b Rqbyj Av‡e`xb‡K Kzdvq nZ¨v;
AveŸvmxqMY Zvnvw`M‡K cÖZvwiZ K‡i Avnjyj eqv‡Zi
¯^v‡_©i cÖwZ cvim¨evmxi mnvbyf‚wZ‡K wb‡R‡`i Kv‡R
jvMvb| A‡bK‡KB wel cÖ‡qv‡M AcmvwiZ Kiv nq e‡j
Kw_Z nq; h_v: Avj-nvmvb [iv] I Rvdi Avm& mvw`K‡K
gw`bvq, gyQv Avj-KvwRg I gynv¤§` Avj-hvIqv`‡K
evM`v‡`, Avjx Avj- wi`v‡K Z‚‡m; A‡b¨iv Ljxdvi
wei“‡× we‡`ªvnx n‡q hy‡× A_ev Rj−v‡`i nv‡Z g„Zz¨ eiY
K‡ib|
... DgvBqv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kej wØZxq Dgi Ge‡b Avãyj
AvwRRB bex es‡ki Rb¨ we‡e‡Ki `skb Abyfe K‡ib|
wKš‘ Avj-gyZvIqvwK¡‡ji mgq n‡Z cybivq bex es‡ki
Dci wbh©vZb ïi“ nq, hv Avj-gyš—vbwk‡ei Avgj ch©š—
envj _v‡K| Avj-gyZvIqvK¡xj Kvievjv‡Z Avj-

ûmvB‡bi [iv] Kei weaŸ¯’ K‡i †`q Ges Z_vq jyÚb
K‡ib|Ó cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Giv mK‡jB wQ‡jb mybœx
m¤cÖ`v‡qi|
AviI cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nhiZ gyqvexqvi cÖavb
†mbvcwZ nhiZ Avgi Gebyj Avm&, whwb wQwà‡bi gv‡V
AvÍi¶v I gyqvexqvi A‰ea †LjvdZ i¶v‡_© †Kviv‡bi
ey‡K ej−g we× K‡iwQ‡jb; wZwb g„Zz¨i c~e© ch©š— wgk‡ii
kvmbKZ©v wQ‡jb| wZwb †kl eq‡m gyqvexqvi c¶
Aej¤^‡bi Rb¨ AbyZß n‡qwQ‡jb| (A_©vr GwR`,
gxiRvd‡ii gZ NUbv NwU‡q AZtci ÔmwiÕ e‡jwQ‡jb|)Ó
[Z_¨myÎ: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl: 1g, 2q LÛ|]
gnv bex I cieZ©x `yB gnvb Ljxdv Bmjv‡gi
DrKl©Zvi †h †Rvqvi G‡bwQ‡jb, Zv AwP‡iB cieZ©x `yB
gnvb Ljxdv‡`i mgq nVvr _g‡K `uvovq, ¯—ä n‡q hvq;
GKgvÎ gyqvexqv I Avgi Gebyj Avm& Gi Pµv‡š—| AZtci
Zv‡`i ci †_‡K Bmjvgx we‡k¦ †h Zxeª fuvwUi Uvb †j‡M‡Q
Zv A`¨ewa ZxeªZi n‡qB Pj‡Q|
nhiZ Avjxi [iv] mgq †_‡KB gymjgvb‡`i g‡a¨ †h
`j-Dc`j, gZ‡f`, gZwe‡iva hz× weMÖn msMwVZ nq Zvi
cÖavb j¶¨e¯‘ GKgvÎ †LjvdZ, ag© bq| Avi †mB j‡¶¨B
cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j-Dc`‡ji A‰ea `vex-`vIqvi ¯^c‡¶
gnvbexi cweÎ bvgwU e¨envi ïi“ nq; ivQyj GUv e‡j‡Qb,
ivQyj IUv K‡i‡Qb BZ¨vw`| GUvB nvw`m I nvw`m
msKj‡bi g~j Drm I DrcwËi me©cÖavb KviY e‡jB
cÖwZqgvb nq|
*
8 nvw`‡mi cÖK…wZ I DrcwË
evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb nvw`m Z_v kwiq‡Zi aviK
I evnK| nvw`‡mi mZ¨Zv, cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Ges Dnvi ¸i“Z¡
m¤^‡Ü wek¦‡Kv‡l wek`fv‡e wjwLZ Av‡Q| Dnvi ga¨
†_‡KB wbæ ewY©Z aviv¸wj Pqb Kiv n‡q‡Q, hv m~²fv‡e
j¶¨ Kivi welq:
1. cÖ_g n‡ZB Bmjv‡gi g~j bxwZ¸wj `„pfv‡e cÖwZwôZ

21

2.

3.

4.
5.
6.

7.

8.

n‡qwQj| KviY †Kvivb bexi [mv] mybœvn Ges Zvi
wbKU †_‡K mv¶vZfv‡e wk¶vcÖvß Qvnvex‡`i Rxeb
gymjgvb‡`i Rb¨ bxwZ I Av`‡k©i Drm iƒ‡c
wbtm‡›`‡n wbw`©ó n‡qwQj| wKš‘ ¯^v_©ci e¨w³MY
wb‡R‡`i gZev‡`i c‡¶ mg_©b m„wói Dcvqiƒ‡c
Z_vKw_Z nvw`‡mi Avkªq LyuR‡Zv| GB Kvi‡Y
cieZ©xKv‡j eû Rvj nvw`‡mi D™¢e n‡qwQj|
L„óxq MÖš’vw`i gg©, L„óxq ÔG¨c÷jÕ M‡Yi Dw³,
L„óvb‡`i AcÖvgvY¨ MÖš’vw`i Dw³, Bqvûw`‡`i aviYv,
MÖxK `vk©bxK‡`i gZev` cÖf…wZ hv wKQyB †Kvb mgq
†Kvb gymwjg GjvKvq wKQyUv cÖPvi Ges mg_©b jvf
Ki‡Zv, RvwjqvZ‡`i Kj¨v‡Y Giƒc A‡bK wKQyB
mivmwi nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] Dw³ iƒ‡c nvw`‡mi
†cvlv‡K Avwe©f‚Z n‡Zv|
†Kviv‡b †h mKj NUbv ms‡¶‡c wea„Z n‡q‡Q, Zv‡K
†K›`ª K‡i DcvL¨vb m„wó wKsev Agymwjg m~‡Î cÖvß
Dcv`v‡bi Dci wbf©i K‡i PgKcÖ` bZzb gZev` Ges
ag© g‡Zi cÖPvi Kivi wbwg‡Ë¡ nhi‡Zi bvg RwoZ
Kivi e¨vcv‡i RvwjqvZ‡`i wØav ms‡KvP‡eva wQj bv
ej‡j AZz¨w³ nq bv --|
mvaviY Dc‡`k evYx Ges ˆbwZK wk¶v BZ¨vw` welq
Rvj nvw`‡mi QovQwo wQj|
wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Aš—©Ø‡›Ø Dfq c¶B nvw`m †_‡K
mg_©b †hvMv‡oi †Póv Ki‡Zv|
mvaviYfv‡e †Kej cieZx© ivR‰bwZK NUbvejx Ges
ag©xq Av‡›`vj‡bi MwZaviv m¤úK©B bq, eis hy×
R‡qi ga¨ w`‡q †h bZzb mvgvwRK Ae¯’vi m„wó
n‡qwQj, †m †¶‡ÎI Rbmvavi‡Yi mg_©b jv‡fi Rb¨
Z_v-Kw_Z fwel¨r evYx m¤^wjZ nvw`m cwi‡ewkZ
n‡Zv|
GK †kªYxi †jvK mrKv‡Ri Drmvn m„wó Ges
AcK‡g©i Aïf cwiYv‡gi fxwZ D‡`ªK Kivi mij
D‡Ï‡k¨ Avß eP‡bi mwnZ Dc‡hvMx mb` Ry‡o Zv‡K
nvw`‡mi †cvlv‡K cÖPvi Ki‡Zv|
Aci c‡¶i be `xw¶Z gymwjg‡`i gy‡Lvk cwiavb

K‡i Bmjvg‡K †nq cÖwZcbœ Kivi Rb¨ Pµvš—g~jK
nvw`m m„wó K‡iwQj mywbcyYfv‡e GK †kªYxi †jvK-|
9. nhiZ Avjx Ge‡b Avey Zvwje [iv] Gi †Ljvd‡Zi
mgq †h M„nhy× ev‡a, Zvi d‡j Ljxdvi †hvM¨Zvi
gvcKvwV wnmv‡e †h me ¸Ycbvi cÖ‡qvRb, Zv wb‡q
wewfbœ gZev` M‡o D‡V Ges Kvjµ‡g wewfbœ
ivR‰bwZK I mv¤cÖ`vwqK gZev` GK GKUv wbw`©ó
iƒc cwiMÖn K‡i|
10. DgvBqM‡Yi kvmbKv‡j Ljxdv c‡`i mwnZ ag©xq
m¤ú‡K©i m~Î wkw_j n‡q c‡o|-- AveŸvmxq ivRavbx
evM`v‡` cvim¨ mgªvUM‡Yi ixwZ-bxwZ cÖeZ©b Kiv
nq|
11. Avieevmxq LjxdvMY Mv¤¢xh©c~Y© cwi‡e‡k RuvKRg‡Ki
mwnZ wmsnvm‡b Dc‡ekb Ki‡Zb| PZz¯úv‡k© †`n
i¶xMY Ges cv‡k© Db¥y³ Zievix n‡¯— NvZK `Ûvqgvb
_vK‡Zv| †mB m‡½ Zviv ivQy‡ji RyeŸv e‡j Kw_Z
GKwU Rvgv cwiavb K‡i †Ljvd‡Zi ag©xq ¸i“Z¡ i¶vi
cÖqvm †c‡Zv| ivwóªq `wjj c‡Î ¯‘wZKviK‡`i ¯^
cªksm bxwZi gva¨‡g ivQy‡ji m‡½ Zv‡`i Nwbô
m¤ú‡K©i K_v cÖKvk Kiv n‡Zv|
12. Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi m~Pbvq ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y
†LjvdZ gZev‡`i D™¢e nq| wfbœ wfbœ gbxlxi wPš—
vavivq GB gZev` wewfbœ iƒc cwiMÖn K‡i cÖPvwiZ
n‡Z _v‡K| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl; nvw`m
Aa¨vq; c„: 477]
mgv‡jvPbv
BmjvwgK HwZnvwmK Avm& kvnivw¯— e‡jb †h, †LjvdZ
gZev‡`i Kvi‡Y Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡m †hgb i³cvZ I
msN‡l©i m„wó nq; Ab¨ †Kvb a‡g©i Kvi‡Y †miƒc N‡U bvB|
[ms. B. wek¦‡Kvl; ÔAvjxÕ Aa¨vq]
†Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi cieZ©x hy‡M gymwjg we‡k¦i †h
Pig Ae¶q n‡qwQj, Dc‡ivwj−wLZ aviv¸wj wbi‡c¶
Áv‡b we‡k−lY Ki‡j Dnvi GKwU wefrm iƒc A¼b Kiv
hvq| Rvj nvw`m iPbv wbixn mij cÖvY Rbmvavi‡Yi c‡¶

22

KLbI m¤¢eci bq| eis `‡ji †bZv, weP¶Y, PZzi
eyw×gvb I cÖfvekvjxMYB Zv K‡i _v‡Kb| Avi ej‡Z
evav †bB †h, Giv mK‡jB kwiqZx cwifvlvi my‡Î mvnvev
I Zv‡eBb wQ‡jb|
e¨w³ I `‡ji N„Y¨ ¯^v‡_© gnv bexi cweÎ bv‡gi wg_¨v
†`vnvB w`‡q nvw`m iPbvi Avw`Kv‡ji †mB cÖeYZv AvRI
`~i nq wb| Ôwg_¨vi gva¨‡g mZ¨ cÖPviÕ GUv bvwK mij
D‡Ïk¨! Avj−vn-ivQyj Z_v †Kviv‡bi Dci wek¦v‡mi
KZLvwb AebwZ n‡j Avi KZLvwb Pwi‡Îi Ae¶q n‡j
Ôwg_¨vi Avkªq‡KÕ mij D‡Ïk¨ e‡j gš—e¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i!
Avi G gš—e¨wU K‡i‡Qb Ômsw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ
evsjvi 15 Rb †kªô Av‡jg-m¤úv`K!!
mZ¨‡K wg_¨v w`‡q XvKv hvq| Avi hvq e‡jB †Kviv‡b
Dnv KwVYfv‡e wbwl× n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ wg_¨v‡K mZ¨ w`‡q XvKv
hvq bv| wg_¨v‡K Avi GKwU A_ev GKvwaK wg_¨v w`‡qB
XvK‡Z nq|
Bgvg †evLvixMY †Kgb Av‡jg, †Kgb ivex, †Kgb
cwi‡ek †_‡K nvw`m msMÖn K‡i‡Qb Zvi GKwU mg¨K wPÎ
Dc‡i ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| Gev‡i †mB mgv‡Ri mg~n iƒc
KZLvwb exfrm I KjywlZ n‡qwQj, Zv Zv‡`iB ewY©Z
wZbwU nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K cÖK…Z avwg©KMY w¯’i wm×v‡š—
†cuŠQ‡Z cv‡ib:
1. mvnvex Qv‡jg I Bgvg hynix [iv] m~‡Î ewY©Z: wZwb
e‡jb, ÒD‡¤§ `vi`v‡K Avwg ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h, GKevi
Avey `vi`v [iv] Lye wPš—vhy³ Ges ivMvwš^Z Ae¯’vq
evwni †_‡K Avgvi Kv‡Q Av‡mb| Avwg Gi KviY
Rvb‡Z PvB‡j wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvj−vni Kmg! gynv¤§` [mv]
Gi kwiq‡Z Ggb wKQy †bB hv gvby‡li Kv‡Q ARvbvA‡`Lv i‡q‡Q| wKš‘ `yt†Li welq gvbyl RvgvZe× n‡q
bvgvR c‡o| A_©vr D¤§‡Z †gvnv¤§`xqvi g‡a¨ GZ AwaK
cwigvY cvc Kg© Ges kwiqZ we‡ivax Kg©KvÛ cÖ‡ek
K‡i‡Q †h, Zv‡`i †Kvb GKwU KvRI ûhy‡ii [mv]
ZixKv Abyhvqx bq| †KejgvÎ GKwU e¨vcvi Qvov|
Avi Zv n‡”Q Rvgv‡Zi mv‡_ bvgvR Av`vq Kiv| GUvI
†hb Zv‡`i KvQ †_‡K we`vq n‡q bv hvq| G‡nb Ae¯’v

j¶¨ K‡iB Avgvi ivM I wPš—v n‡”Q|Ó [`ª: †evLvix,1g
LÛ, AvwRRyj. nK; c„: 203; (wZiwgRx) wiqv`ym
mv‡jnxb, 3q LÛ]
2. mvnvex Avbvm& web gvwjK m~‡Î ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb,
Ôûhy‡i AvKivg [mv] Gi Rvgvbvq Avgiv Øxb Bmjv‡gi
hv wKQy †c‡qwQ Im‡ei wKQyB AvR cwiwPZ bq| A_©vr
mewKQyB gvbyl weM‡o w`‡q‡Q|Õ R‰bK wkl¨ cÖkœ
Ki‡jb, ÔZvn‡j Avgv‡`i bvgvR? bvgvRI wK wVK
†bB?Õ wZwb ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgiv wK †Zvgv‡`i bvgv‡R
†m me Ki‡Qvbv-hv †Zvgiv wb‡RivI AeMZ AvQ|Õ
[`ª: H, H]
3.
nhiZ gyqvexqv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, †n †jvK
mKj †Zvgiv Ggb bvgvR Av`vq Ki hv Avwg KLbI
ivQyj‡K Av`vq Ki‡Z †`wLwb|A_P Avwg Zvi Nwbó
mnPi| wZwb H 2 ivKvZ bvgvR co‡Z wb‡la K‡i‡Qb
A_©vr Avm‡ii c‡i †h 2 ivKvZ bvgvR cov nq| [`ª:
†evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwRRyj nK; c„:267]
nvw`m 3wU A¯^xKvi Kivi ¶gZv kwiq‡Zi †bB Ges Dnv
†h mgMÖ †Qnv‡QËv‡K m‡›`nRbK K‡i Zz‡j‡Q ZvI
A¯^xKvi Kivi ¶gZv Zv‡`i Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
*
9 nvw`m msMÖ‡ni BwZnvm
†Qnv‡QËv A_©vr ÔQqLvwb mZ¨Õ nvw`‡mi g‡a¨ †jLK
Bgvg †evLvix I Bgvg †gvm‡jg cÖavb I †kªô wnmv‡e
gymwjg we‡k¦ cÖwZwôZ weavq we‡kl K‡i H `ÕyRb m¤^‡Ü
wek` Av‡jvPbvi g‡a¨B Ab¨vb¨‡`i cwiPq cvIqv hv‡e|
gnvbexi g„Zz¨i cÖvq 3 kZ ermi c‡i, A_©vr 5/6
cyi“l AwZevwnZ nIqvi c‡i, 210 wnRix gvÎ 16 ermi
eq‡m Bgvg †evLvix nvw`m kvmª wk¶vq g‡bv‡hvM †`b|
cieZ©x 16 ermi A_©vr 226 wnRix †_‡K mgMÖ Gwkqv
Avwd«Kv ågY K‡i †`‡k †`‡k cvovq cvovq Ny‡i Ny‡i †gvU
6/30 j¶ nvw`m msMÖn K‡ib| cÖKvk _v‡K †h, ZLb
mvnvev, Zv‡eBb Ggb wK Zv‡e-Zv‡eBbI †eu‡P _vKvi

23

K_v bq| nvw`m msMÖn c×wZi GKwU D`vniY j¶Yxq:
Bgvg †evLvix hvi KvQ †_‡K nvw`m ï‡b‡Qb, wZwb hvi
Kv‡Q Ges wZwb hvi Kv‡Q Gfv‡e †kvbvi wQj& wQjv ev myÎ
ci¤úivi mKj‡KB ivex ev eY©bvKvix e‡j| GiKg GKwU
nvw`‡mi ivexi msL¨v 7 †_‡K 100 Rb ch©š—I Av‡Q,
†hgb:
Bgvg †evLvix Zvi cwiwPZ ÔSÕ Gi Kv‡Q ï‡b‡Qb †h,
ÒivQyjvj−vn [mv] gnj−vi AveR©bv †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbKU
`uvwo‡q cÖmªve K‡i‡Qb|Ó Bgvg †evLvix ÔSÕ†K cÖkœ
Ki‡jb, ÔZzwg Kvi Kv‡Q ï‡b‡Qv?Õ--ÔR' Gi Kv‡Q|-†Kv_vq _v‡Kb ÔRÕ?--emivi AgyK MÖv‡g| Bgvg †evLvix
AZtci evM`v` †_‡K emivq MgY Ki‡jb| A‡bK †LuvRv
LuywRi c‡i ÔRÕ†K †c‡jb| wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, ÔAvcwb bvwK
GKwU nvw`m Rv‡bb?Õ - R¡x!- eY©bv Ki“b; ÔivQyjvj−vn
gnj−vi AveR©bv †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbKU `uvwo‡q cÖmªve
K‡i‡Qb|Õ- Kvi KvQ †_‡K ï‡b‡Qb? ÔQÕi Kv‡Q| †Kv_vq _v‡Kb ÔQÕ?- gw`bvq| Bgvg †evLvix emiv †_‡K
gw`bvq Mgb Ki‡jb; ÔQÕ†K †c‡jb Ges wRÁvmv Ki‡jb,
ÔAvcwb bvwK gnvbexi GKwU nvw`m eqvb K‡i _v‡Kb?nu¨v!- Avgv‡K ïbv‡eb? ÔivQyjvj−vn--- `vwou‡q cÖmªve
K‡i‡Qb|Õ †Kv‡Ì‡K ïb‡jb?- wmwiqvi ÔPÕGi Kv‡Q|
Bgvg †evLvix cv‡q †nu‡U wmwiqv Mgb Ki‡jb! h_vh_ cÖkœ
Ki‡jb, ïb‡jb| AZtci civgk© gZ Biv‡bi Lyg kn‡i
ÔOÕi mv¶vZ jvf Ki‡jb| Zvi Dc‡`k gZ ivRavbx
†Zniv‡b wM‡q ÔNÕi m‡½ †gvjvKvZ Ki‡jb| †mLvb
†_‡K †Nvovq P‡o g°vq ÔMÕi evox‡Z Zmixd wb‡jb|
ÔMÕi Dc‡`k gZ ÔLÕi evox wiqv‡` Dcw¯’Z n‡jb| †mLvb
†_‡K cybivq GwR‡`i ivRavbx `v‡g‡¯‹ wM‡q ÔKÕ Gi
¯§iYvcbœ n‡jb| h_v wewnZ m¤§vb cÖ`k©b c~e©K cÖ‡kœi
Dˇi ÔKÕ ej‡jb, ÒAvwg giûg ÔAÕ†K ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h,
wZwb ï‡b‡Qb Zv‡eBb Agy‡Ki Kv‡Q, AgyK ï‡b‡Qb Qvnvev
†nvhvqdvi [iv] Kv‡Q| Qvnvev †nvhvqdv e‡j‡Qb †h, ÒAvwg
GK`v nhi‡Zi m‡½ †Kv_vI hvw”Qjvg, cw_g‡a¨ wZwb
gnj−vi AveR©bv †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbKU G‡m GKwU †`qvj
gyLx n‡q `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Ki‡jb| Avwg `~‡i m‡i hvw”Qjvg,

wZwb Avgv‡K Bkviv K‡i Kv‡Q WvK‡jb| Avwg wbK‡U
nvwRi n‡q Zvunvi (wc‡Vi cÖwZ wcV w`‡q wecixZ gyLx)
cv‡qi wbKUeZx© `uvwo‡q _vKjvg; m¤§y‡Li w`‡K c`©v wQj
†`qvj Ges wcQ‡bi w`‡K †nvhvqdv‡K [iv] `uvo Kwi‡q
ivQyjvj−vn Qv‡j−j−vû AvjvB‡n AQvj−vg c`©vi e¨e¯’v
Ki‡jb; `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Kivi `i“b Kvco GKUz †ekx
DwV‡e)| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`; AvwRRyj nK; 1g LÛ; c„:
138]|
D‡j−wLZ nvw`‡m ÔSÕ †_‡K Qvnvex †nvhvqdv ch©š— gvÎ
12 Rb ivex| c¶vš—‡i, Ggb nvw`m Av‡Q hvi ivexi
msL¨v 1 kZ Rb; Avi me©wbæ msL¨v 7 Rb, hv c~‡e©B
Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| nvw`m msMÖ‡n m~Î ci¤úiv ivex‡`i
g‡a¨ GK ev GKvwaK ivexi mv¶vZ cvIqv hvq wb A_ev
eY©bvq wZj gvÎ cv_©K¨ cwijw¶Z n‡q‡Q A_ev †Kvb
ivexi K_vq ev Kv‡R wg_¨v, fzj A_ev m‡›`n n‡j Bgvg
†evLvixMY [i] Zuvi ewY©Z nvw`mwU Avi MÖnY K‡ib wb eis
Zr¶Yvr Zv eR©b K‡i‡Qb| D`vniY ¯^iƒc:
Bgvg †evLvix †Kvb GK nvw`‡mi †Luv‡R wbw`©ó ivexi
m‡½ mv¶vZ Ki‡Z †M‡j, wZwb †`L‡Z cvb evMv‡b †mB
ivex Qy‡U hvIqv †Nvov‡K aivi Rb¨ evj&wZ‡Z Lvevi †i‡L
†Nvov‡K WvK‡Qb| Bgvg †evLvix Kv‡Q wM‡q †`L‡Z cvb
evj&wZwUi g‡a¨ †Kvb Lvevi †bB G‡Kev‡i ïb¨| AZGe
†Nvov‡K cÖZvwiZ Kivi Aciv‡a D³ ivexi ewY©Z nvw`mwU
bv ï‡bB Bgvg †evLvix †dir P‡j Av‡mb!
G‡nb mZK©Zvi mwnZ Bgvg †evLvix wgki, BivK,
Bivb, B‡q‡gb I †mŠw` Avi‡e w`‡bi ci w`b iv‡Zi ci
ivZ ågY K‡i K‡i AwZ m~²vwZ m~² wePvi we‡k−l‡Yi
gva¨‡g 6 j¶ nvw`‡mi m‡½ †KvwU †KvwU ivexi bvg,
wVKvbv I Zv‡`i Rxe‡bwZnvm †kvbv gvÎ †gŠwLKfv‡e Ges
gyL¯— K‡i msMÖn K‡ib| AZtci gw`bvq gnvbexi iIRv
†gvevi‡Ki Avkcv‡k e‡m KÚ¯’ nvw`m¸wj cybivq †ivgš’b
K‡i K‡i wbR we‡eK, wePvi we‡k−lY K‡i Abygvb 5 j¶
92 nvRvi 2 kZ 25wU nvw`m wg_¨v, fzj, Rvj BZ¨vw`
m‡›`n K‡i eR©b K‡ib Ges cÖvq 3 nvRvi, gZvš—‡i 7
nvRviwU nvw`m mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡ib; AZtci mZ¨ gnv

24

mZ¨ e‡j wb‡Ri bv‡g cÖKvk I cÖPvi K‡ib| GZ`m‡½
gyL¯’K…Z †KvwU †KvwU ivex‡`i bvg wVKvbv I Zv‡`i mviv
Rxe‡bi mZ¨ K_v-Kv‡Ri ¯^c‡¶ evQwb K‡i gvÎ 1,800
kZ ivexi Rxebx ÔBmbv`Õ bv‡g `wjj iPbv K‡ib|
GKB cš’vq †Qnv‡QËvi BgvgMY me©‡gvU 30 j¶ nvw`m
msMÖn K‡i, M‡o cÖvq Bgvg †evLvix-7,275; Bgvg
†gvm‡jg-4,000; Avey `vD`-4,800; wZiwgRx-3,812;
Be‡b gvRvn&-4,341; Ges bvQvB cÖvq 4,000wU nvw`m
MÖnY K‡ib| †Qvnv‡QËv QvovI eû nvw`m MÖš’ Av‡Q, hv
ch©vß mvM‡i` I cÖPv‡ii Afv‡e cwiPq jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i
wb| †m¸wji msL¨v 40 j‡¶i I D‡a© e‡j cÖgvY cvIqv
hvq|
mgv‡jvPbv
1. AwZ m~²vwZ m~²fv‡e wePvi we‡k−lY Ges KwVY
mZK©Zvi mv‡_ AvbygvwbK 30 j¶ nvw`m mZ¨ e‡jB
MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb; GZ mZK©Zvi mv‡_ MÖnY Kivi c‡iB
AvbygvwbK 29 j¶ 92 nvRvi 7 kZ nvw`m wg_¨v e‡j
Avevi eR©bI K‡i‡Qb| AZGe cvVK‡`i g‡b
¯^fveZB cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, nvw`m msMÖn, wePvi we‡k−lY,
i¶b-eR©b meB cÖnmb e‡jB g‡b nq!
2. nvw`m m~Î Abyhvqx gnvbexi bv‡g †Kn wg_¨v iPbv
Ki‡j Ges Zuvi mZ¨ evYx †Mvcb A_ev Z¨vM Ki‡j
Aek¨B †m Rvnvbœvgx n‡e| G¶‡Y Zv‡`i msM„nxZ Qwnn&
(mZ¨) bv‡gi cÖvq 7,000wU nvw`‡mi g‡a¨ GKwU
nvw`mI hw` wg_¨v ev fzj cÖgvwYZ nq! Z‡e 29,
92,700 kZwUi g‡a¨ `yÕPviwU †h Aek¨B mZ¨ wQj Zv
†PvL ey‡RB ejv hvq| Avi hw` ZvB-B nq Z‡e
†Kvivb GgbwK nvw`‡mi aviv †gvZv‡eK msMÖvnK Bgvg
†gvnv‡ÏmMY nvw`m MÖnY eR©b, A_©vr Dfq c¶ †_‡KB
Rvnvbœvgx nIqvi AvksKvB wbwðr e‡U!
3. Kw_Z Av‡Q gnvbexi Kv‡Q Anx Avmvi m‡½ m‡½B
Zvi Dcw¯’wZ‡ZB QvnvevMY KZ©„K †jLv n‡Zv; [eis
wZwb wb‡RB wjL‡Zb] AZtci Kw_Z nq GKevi bq,
`yBevi wReªvBj KZ©„K Dnvi ms‡kvab Kiv n‡q‡Q|
A_©vr ivQy‡ji mvg‡bB QvnvevMY †Kvivb wjL‡Z fzj

K‡iwQ‡jb,ZvB wReªvBj fyj ms‡kvab K‡ib! c¶vš—
‡i, wZb kZ ermi c‡i wjwLZ nvw`m †jLKMY ¯^-¯^
nvw`m mZ¨ gnv mZ¨ †NvlYvi wcQ‡b †Kvb mr D‡Ïk¨
_vK‡Z cv‡i bv!
4. nvw`m †jLKMY cÖvq mK‡jB mgmvgwqK, Ggb wK G‡K
A‡b¨i ¸i“ wkl¨ wQ‡jb| ¸i“i wbKU nvw`m wk¶v K‡i,
AZtci ¸i“i msM„nxZ nvw`‡mi Dci Cgvb bv G‡b
¯^Zš¿fv‡e Ges GKB cš’vq nvw`m msMÖn I msKjb
Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv I cÖwZ‡hvwMZv eoB inm¨gq I
m‡›`nRbK e‡U! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Bgvg †evLvix,
†gvm‡jg A‡bK mZ¨ nvw`m eR©b K‡i‡Qb e‡j nv‡ji
e½vbyev‡` `„ó nq|
5. Kw_Z Av‡Q Bgvg †evLvix I Bgvg †gvm‡jg GK‡Î
nvw`m Aa¨qbKv‡j Zv‡`i ¸i“ nvw`m mgªvU gynv¤§` web
BqvnBqv hvn&jxi mwnZ GKwU welq Bgvg †evLvixi
wfbœ gZ †cvlY K‡ib| (welqwU wK wQj AÁvZ Kvi‡Y
Zv cÖKvk K‡ib wb; Z‡e †mUv †h †gŠwjK I ¸i“Z¡c~Y©
wQj, A_©vr †gvmjgvwb‡Z¡i Dci ûgwK ¯^iƒc wQj,
Zv‡Z m‡›`n †bB|) µ‡g H we‡iva GZB Zxeª AvKvi
aviY Ki‡jv †h, Bgvg †evLvix Bgvg hvn&jxi g³e
Z¨vM K‡ib|
AZtci Bgvg hvn&jx ¯^xq ¯‹z‡j †NvlYv K‡ib †h,
†evLvixi mwnZ Zvi †Kvb wkl¨ †hb wgwjZ bv nq|
A_©vr ¸i“ hvn&jx wkl¨ †evLvix‡K AevwÂZ †gvm‡jg
†NvlYv K‡ib; ïay ZvB-B bq Rbve †evLvix‡K hviv
AbymiY Ki‡e ZvivI AevwÂZ †gvm‡jg e‡j †NvwlZ
n‡e| wKš‘ †evLvixi mwnZ †gvm‡j‡gi Mfxi m¤úK©
wQj| wZwb †evLvixi mwnZ wgwjZ n‡Zb Ges Zvi
wbKU †_‡K nvw`m wk¶v Ki‡Zb| welqwU ¯^xq wk‡l¨i
gva¨‡g AeMZ n‡q Bgvg hvn&jx mnmv †NvlYv †`b:
Òwe‡kl GKwU †NvlYv m¤^‡Ü †h e¨w³ †evLvixi b¨vq
wek¦vm K‡i I Zvi ivq MÖnY K‡i, †m †hb Avgvi
gRwjm †_‡K P‡j hvq|Ó G †NvlYv †kvbvi m‡½ m‡½
†gvm‡jg D‡V `uvov‡jb Ges Zvi cvV Z¨vM K‡i P‡j
Av‡mb| AZtci †gvm‡jg Bgvg hvn&jxi wbKU †_‡K

25

†jLv mKj nvw`m †dir †`b| Bnvi ci Zvi wbKU
†_‡K Avi †Kvb nvw`m eY©bv K‡ib wb| [`ª: Qwnn&
†gvm‡jg; e½vbyev`: Av: dvZvn& f‚Tv; 1g LÛ, c„:
82|]
e¨w³MZ A_ev `jxq wek¦vm Ges †Kv›`‡ji Kvi‡Y
gnvbexi evYx eqKU K‡i cybt bZzb K‡i nvw`m msMÖ‡ni
wcQ‡b hyw³ hvB-B _vKzK Zv Aek¨B ag©xq Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨
bq e‡jB wek¦vm Kivi hyw³ Av‡Q| ZvQvov ¸i“i wbKU
wk¶v MÖnY K‡i AZtci Zv †dir †`qv hvq, Ggb AjxK I
KvíwbK hyw³ wK‡kvi myjf e‡U! ag©xq ¸i“ KZ…©K QvÎØq‡K
ewn¯‹vi! Rbmvavi‡Yi mvg‡b cÖvq †`o nvRvi ermi j¤^v
GKwU cÖkœ‡evaK wPý `Ûvqgvb !!
6. Bgvg †evLvixi nvw`m msMÖn I msKj‡bi Aby‡cÖiYv I
cÖavb Drm ‡bZ…‡Z¡i cÖwZ‡hvMxZv; ¸i“ Bgvg hvn&jxi
m‡½ gZwe‡iva GKwU Ab¨Zg cÖavb cÖgvb| c¶vš—‡i
Bgvg †gvm‡jg, Bgvg †evLvix‡K ¸i“ ¯^xKvi Kivi
c‡iI ¸i“i msKwjZ nvw`‡mi Dci Cgvb bv G‡b cybt
¯^Zš¿fv‡e nvw`m msMÖn I msKjb K‡i ¸i“i Kjw¼Z
c`v¼ AbymiY K‡i‡Qb! cieZ©x Bgvg I msKjKMYI
H GKB cš’v Aej¤^b K‡ib| wnsmvi ekeZ©x n‡q ¸i“
hvn&jxi wkLv‡bv nvw`m Qwnn& †evLvix I Qwnn& †gvm‡jg
MÖ‡š’ GKwUI ¯’vb bv †`qvi KviY kwiq‡Zi Rb¨ GKwU
Avš—R©vwZK Kj¼ †nZz Rbmvavi‡Yi Rb¨ eoB nZvkv
I D‡ØMRbK e‡U !
7. Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡li eY©bvq: ÒmiKvixfv‡e †Kvb
nvw`m msKjbB cÖKvk Kiv nq wb| n‡j Gi
MÖnY†hvM¨Zv nIqv A‡c¶v c¶cvZ `yó nevi AvksKv
wQj †ewk| msKjb¸wj msKjK‡`i wbi‡c¶Zv I
wbôvi cwi¯‹vi mv¶¨ enb K‡i| eY©bv MÖnY msµvš—
bxwZgvjvi †cªw¶‡Z MÖnY‡hvM¨ g‡b n‡j Zviv AvcvZ
`„wó‡Z ci¯úi we‡ivax GgbwK wbR¯^ g‡Zi mv‡_
msMwZc~Y© bq Ggb A‡bK nvw`m‡KI wbi‡c¶fv‡e
Zv‡`i msKj‡b ¯’vb w`‡q‡Qb| nvw`‡mi msMÖn I
msKjb MÖš’ cÖ¯‘wZi ga¨eZ©x mgq eû gZev‡`i Rb¥
n‡qwQj Ges miKvi [A_©vr LwjdvMY] GB gZev‡`i

e¨vcv‡i D`vmxb _vK‡Z cv‡ib bvB, wbi‡c¶I wQ‡jb
bv| myZivs miKvixfv‡e nvw`m msKwjZ n‡j, Zv‡K
mywbwðZfv‡e g›` †Pv‡L †`Lv n‡Zv| †mŠfvM¨µ‡g
wbôvevb wbi‡c¶ gynvwÏmM‡Yi wbR¯^ cÖ‡Póvq nvw`m
msM„nxZ I msKwjZ n‡qwQj|Ó [H wek¦‡Kvl; nvw`m
Aa¨vq]|
c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, Bgvg †evLvix Avcb bxwZ
gvjvi wbix‡L m~² wePvi we‡k−l‡Yi ciB 6 j¶ nvw`m
mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| AZtci Dnv †_‡K cybt wePvi
we‡k−l‡Yi ci cÖvq 7,275wU nvw`m mZ¨ gnv mZ¨ e‡j
MÖnY K‡i evwK 5 j¶ 92 nvRvi 7kZ 25wU nvw`m wg_¨v
e‡j eR©b K‡i‡Qb| AevK nIqvi K_v †h, GB `yB `dv
wePvi we‡k−l‡Yi bxwZgvjv wQj GKB Ges GKB e¨w³i
B”Qv I Awb”Qv Ges gvcKvwV wQj fve, Kíbv I Abygvb
gvÎ|
cvVKe„›` Av‡iv AevK n‡eb †h, Dwj−wLZ H 7,275wU
nvw`‡mi g‡a¨I Ôci¯úi we‡ivaxÕ, ÔwbR¯^ g‡Zi mv‡_
m½wZc~Y© bqÕ Ggb nvw`mI Zv‡Z Av‡Q e‡j wek¦‡Kvl
¯^xKvi Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb| AZGe Kw_Z nvw`m MÖn‡Yi
ÔbxwZgvjvÕ ej‡Z nvw`m msKjK‡`i e¨w³MZ gZ, wek¦vm,
Abygvb I fvev‡eM Ges †ckv`vix j¶¨ Qvov Ab¨ wKQy wQj
bv|
8. nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] mgq nvw`m †Zv `~‡ii K_v
GgbwK †KvivbB wewfbœ `j I g‡Z wewfbœ †`‡k
GgbwK GKB †`‡k ¯^Zš¿fv‡e msKjb Kiv n‡qwQj|
gnvgwZ nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Zv K‡Vvi n‡¯— †m Ac‡Póv
`gb K‡ib| AZtci miKvix ZË¡veav‡b †Kviv‡bi
Abywjwc K‡i mg¯— gymwjg †`‡k †cÖiY K‡ib| nhiZ
Imgv‡bi [iv] GB Agi KxwZ© KvjvKv‡ji Rb¨ gymwjg
wek¦‡K FYx K‡i †i‡L‡Q| bZzev †Qnv‡QËvi gZB GKK
gymwjg we‡k¦ GKvwaK †Kviv‡bi Abymvix n‡q †gvm‡jg
BwZnvm Av‡iv Pigfv‡e Kjw¼Z n‡q _vK‡Zv| hw`I
HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z †m †Kvivb †evW© weZ‡K©i D‡×©
wQj bv| Zvi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY wQj †h, nhiZ

26

Avjxi [iv] iw¶Z †Kvivb Ges wewe Avqkvi msM„nxZ
6666wU AvqvZ msewjZ †Kvivb MÖnY Kiv n‡qwQj
bv| c¶vš—‡i BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûk‡bi wek¦ †Kv‡l
evsjvi †kªô 15 Rb Av‡j‡gi gš—e¨ hyw³nxY I
nZvkvRbK I †ckvwfwËK e‡jB g‡b nq|
miKvix ch©vq A_ev †Qnv‡QËvi Bgvg I ¸i“-wkl¨MY
GKwÎZ n‡q me© m¤§wZµ‡g GKLvwb nvw`m MÖš’ iPbv Ki‡j
†gvm‡jg we‡k¦ gZ‡f`, gZwe‡iva; kxqv, Qybœx, BmgvBjx,
Invex, Avng`xqv AmsL¨ `j-Dc`‡ji Rb¥ n‡Zv bv; n‡Zv
bv †Kvb i³viw³| _vK‡Zv bv Bmjvg Z_v gnvbex‡K wb‡q
Agymwjg‡`i g‡a¨ GZ weZK© I m‡›`‡ni my‡hvM| d‡j
we‡k¦i msL¨vMwiô gvbyl Avkªq wbZ Bmjv‡gi Qvqv Z‡j|
*
10 nvw`m mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶vi Awfbe c×wZ
†gvnv‡ÏmMY ¯^-¯^ msM„nxZ nvw`m ¯^-¯^ `„wó‡KvY †_‡K
QvUvB evQvB K‡i‡Qb| Z‡e cÖ‡Z¨‡KB wZb kZ ermi
c~‡e©i bex I Qvnvev‡`i K_v I K‡g©i mv¶x ev
cÖvgvwYKZvq Abygvb I KvíwbK ¯^-mv¶xB cÖavb
Aej¤^b| A_©vr nvw`m msMÖn, nvw`‡mi mv¶x msMÖn,
Zv‡`i bvg wVKvbv msMÖn Ges Zvi mZ¨ wg_¨vi mv¶xi
cÖgvY GKK e¨w³ ØvivB msM„xZ I msKwjZ n‡q‡Q|
wØZxqZt, †gvnv‡ÏmM‡Yi wbR¯^ Dw³, `jxq mg_©K‡`i
Dw³ Ges Zv‡`i wew¶ß, KvíwbK I mvRv‡bv ¯^cœB nvw`m
mZ¨v-m‡Z¨i cÖavb I P‚ovš— cÖgvY| GQvov Avjv`v †Kvb
myVvg ‰eÁvwbK c×wZ Zv‡`i Rvbv wQj bv A_ev AÁvZ
Kvi‡Y Zv Gwo‡q †M‡Qb| wb‡æ Bgvg †evLvixi
e½vbyev‡`i nvw`m cix¶vi aviv¸wj cÖ`Ë n‡jv:
Ò... nvw`‡mi mb` [mv¶x] MÖnYxq nIqvi Rb¨
†gvnv‡Ïm I nvw`m wekvi`MY AwZ KovKwo kZ© kviv‡qZ
Av‡ivc Kwiqv †h mg¯— wbqg-Kvbyb cÖeZ©b Kwiqv‡Qb,
Ab¨Î G‡Kev‡iB weij| GgbwK we‡k¦ Dnvi bwRi †Kn
†Kv_vI †`LvB‡Z cvwi‡e bv| H mg¯— KovKwo `„‡ó
wek¦evmx‡K Giƒc P¨v‡jÄ cÖ`vb Kiv hvB‡Z cv‡i †h,

nvw`‡mi cÖvgvwYKZvi g‡a¨ wKQy gvÎ m‡›`‡ni AeKvk
bvB| H mg¯— wbqg Kvbyb wjwce× Kwiqv ÔDQy‡j nvw`mÕ
ev Ônvw`‡mi cÖvgvwYKZvÕ cix¶v Kivi wbqg-Kvbyb bv‡g
GKwU we‡kl kvmª msKjb Kiv nBqv‡Q Ges GB kv‡mª eû
†KZve †jLv Av‡Q|
wb‡æ H mKj wbqg-Kvby‡bi KwZcq aviv D×…Z nBj;
nvw`miƒ‡c MÖnYxq nBevi Rb¨ mvaviYZ Dnvi mb‡` PvwiwU
cÖavb wel‡qi cÖwZ me© cÖ_‡g bRi w`‡Z nB‡e:
1. kZ kZ ev nvRvi eQi c‡iB nDK bv †Kb, bex [mv]
nB‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwiqv †kl ch©š— myÎ ci¤úivq ch©vqµ‡g
hZRb mv¶xi gva¨‡g nvw`mLvbv †cŠwQqv‡Q, GK GK
Kwiqv mg¯— mv¶xi cwiwPwZ, bv‡gi ZvwjKv
my¯úóiƒ‡c D‡j−L Kwi‡Z nB‡e| †Kvb GKR‡bi bvgI
†hb ev` bv c‡o, bZzev nvw`m MÖnYxq nB‡e bv| GB
avivwUi mwnZ Avevi `yBwU Dc-avivI iwnqv‡Q:
K. D³ mv¶¨ `vZv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖwZwU mv¶x ev ivex Zvnvi
c~‡e©i mv¶¨ `vZvi bvg D‡j−L Kivi m‡½ m‡½ ¯úó
D‡j−L Kwi‡eb †h, ÔAvwg Agy‡Ki gy‡L ïwbqvwQÕ ÔwZwb
eY©bv Kwiqv‡QbÕ ev ÔAgyK Avgvi wbKU eY©bv
Kwiqv‡Qb|Õ †Kvb GKRb mv¶xI hw` Hiƒc ¯úó kã
bv ewjqv †Kvb A¯úó ev ب_©‡evaK kã e¨envi
K‡ib, †hgb Giƒc e‡jb †h, ÔQwjg Kwjg nB‡Z eY©bv
Kwiqv‡QbÕ GKwU mv¶xi †ejvqI Hiƒc A¯úó fvlv
e¨eüZ nB‡j H mb` MÖnYxq nIqvi Rb¨ eû iKg
cix¶vi m¤§yLxb nB‡Z nB‡e| Bgvg †evLvix Giƒc
mb` MÖnY e¨vcv‡i me©vwaK KovKwo Av‡ivc
Kwiqv‡Qb| j¶¨ Ki“Y, KZ`~i mZK©Zv Aej¤^b Kiv
nBqv‡Q †h, ÔQwjg Kwjg nB‡Z eY©bv Kwiqv‡QÕ, Giƒc
ewj‡j eySv hvq †h, Qwjg mivmwi Kwj‡gi wbKU
ïwbqv‡Q| eis GiƒcI nB‡Z cv‡i †h Ab¨ †Kvb e¨w³i
gva¨‡g ïwbqv‡Q| A_P H e¨w³i bvg GLv‡b D‡j−L
bvB| Bnv‡Z 1bs aviv jw•NZ nIqvi AvksKv Av‡Q|
Giƒc mvgvb¨ m‡›`‡ni AeKvkI †hb bv _vK‡Z cv‡i;
Z¾b¨ GB Dcaviv ivLv nBqv‡Q| GgbwK hw` †Kvb
ivexi welq Giƒc cÖgvwYZ nq †h, †m Giƒc A¯úó

27

L.
2.

3.

4.

fvlvi Avov‡j cÖK…Z cÖ¯—v‡eB 1bs kZ© j•Nb Kwiqv
nvw`m eY©bv Kwiqv‡Q| Z‡e nvw`‡mi cwifvlvq
Zvnv‡K †gv`v‡j−m ejv nB‡e| Giƒc e¨w³ me©¯’v‡b
m‡›`nRbK ewjqv cwiMwYZ nB‡e|
cÖ‡Z¨K mv¶x I c~e©eZ©x Dc‡ii mv¶x Df‡qi
RxebKvj I evm¯’vb Giƒc ch©vq nB‡Z nB‡e †hb
Df‡qi g‡a¨ †`Lv mv¶vZ I K_vevZv© Am¤¢e bv nq|
mv¶¨`vZvi cÖ‡Z¨K e¨w³ nvw`m wekvi`M‡Yi wbKU
bvg wVKvbv, ¸Yvejx, ¯^fve PwiÎ Ges †Kvb& †Kvb& I¯—
v‡`i wbKU nvw`m wk¶v Kwiqv‡Qb BZ¨vw` me© welq
cwiwPZ nB‡Z nB‡e| mv¶vZ `vZv‡`i GKRbI
AcwiwPZ nB‡j H nvw`m MÖnYxq b‡n|
AvMv †Mvov cÖwZwU mv¶xB Ávbx, LuvwU mZ¨ev`x, mr
PwiÎ, †gvËvKxg ci‡nRMvi kvwjbZv I f`ªZv m¤úbœ
¯^fv‡ei nB‡Z nB‡e| †Kvb e¨w³ Rxe‡b gvÎ GKevi
nvw`m msµvš— e¨vcv‡i wg_¨v Dw³i Rb¨ aiv cwo‡j G
e¨w³i ïay wg_¨v nvw`mB b‡n, eis Zvnvi mviv Rxe‡bi
mg¯— nvw`mB AMÖvn¨ nB‡e| ZIev Kwi‡jI Zvnvi
ewY©Z nvw`m MÖnY‡hvM¨ nB‡e bv| Dnv Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb
welq I wg_¨vev`x ewjqv cwiwPZ nB‡j ev kwiqZ
we‡ivax AvwK`v ev Kvh©Kjv‡c wjß cÖgvwYZ nB‡j ev
Amr cÖK…wZi j¤úU I bxP ¯^fv‡ei †jvK nB‡j Zvnvi
ewY©Z nvw`m MÖnYxq nB‡e bv|
cÖ‡Z¨K mv¶x Zvi ¯§iY kw³ m¤^‡Ü AwZkq cvKv†cv³
my`¶ I my`„p msi¶K ewjqv cwiwPZ nB‡Z nB‡e|
Ges BnvI cÖgvwYZ nIqv Avek¨K †h, cÖwZwU mv¶x
Zvnvi c‚e©eZx© mv¶¨`vZv A_©vr I¯—v‡`i wbKU nB‡Z
nvw`mLvbv c~Y© g‡bv‡hv‡Mi mwnZ kªeY KiZ: mwe‡kl
g‡bv‡hv‡Mi mwnZ g~L¯— Kwiqv ev wjwce× Kwiqv
ivwLqv‡Qb| GB we‡kl cÖgvY Giƒc nB‡e †h, D³ mv¶x
†h †h nvw`m AvRxeb kZ kZevi eY©bv Kvwiqv
Avwm‡Z‡Qb| †Kvb mgqB Zvi eY©bvi g‡a¨ Giƒc
Miwgj †`Lv hvB‡e, ZLb nB‡Z Avi Hiƒc mv¶xi
eY©bvi †Kvb nvw`m mwVK cÖgvwYZ ewjqv MY¨ nB‡e bv|
GB aviv Abymv‡iB eû MY¨gvb¨ nvw`m eY©bvKvix

e¨w³MY I e„×ve¯’vq DcbxZ nBevi ci Zvnv‡`i H
Ae¯’vq ewY©Z nvw`m c~Y© wbf©i‡hvM¨ ewjqv cwiMYxZ
nq bvB| Zvnv Qvov hvnv‡`i mvaviY K_vevZ©vq †ewk
fyj †`Lv wMqv‡Q Zvnv‡`i nvw`mI MÖnYxq nq bvB|
wek¦evmx‡K Giƒc P¨v‡jÄ cÖ`vb Kiv hvB‡Z cv‡i †h,
nvw`‡mi cÖvgvwYKZvi g‡a¨ we›`ygvÎ m‡›`‡ni AeKvk
bvB|Ó [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwRRyj nK, gyLeÜ Aa¨vq]
msw¶ß ch©v‡jvPbv
Dwj−wLZ aviv¸wji Dci bRi w`‡j †Kvb mvaviY wkw¶Z
†jvKI gyL wdwi‡q wb‡e| Avgvi gZ MÛgyL© Qvov Gi
mgv‡jvPbv K‡i †KDB mgq bó Ki‡eb bv|
1. c~‡e© K‡qKevi ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, nvw`m cÖwZ 7 †_‡K
100 Rb ch©š— eY©bvKvix ev ivex Av‡Qb| G‡`i
MociZv wnmv‡e nvw`m cÖwZ 50 Rb ivex nq|
msM„nxZ 30 j¶ nvw`‡mi ivex ev eY©bvKvixi msL¨v
`uvovq 15 †KvwU; †evLvixi 6 j¶ nvw`‡mi ivexi
msL¨v `uvovq 3 †KvwU| G‡`i bvg, wVKvbv, esk
cwiPq, ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡bi K_v I Kv‡Ri mZ¨-wg_¨v,
Ávb eyw×, ¯§iYkw³; Rxe‡b GKwU gvÎ wg_¨v e‡jb wb
ev e‡j‡Qb BZ¨vw` LywUbvwU weeiYmn 3/15 †KvwU
ivexi Rxe‡bwZnvmmn 6/30 j¶ nvw`m †kvbvgvÎ
†gŠwLKfv‡e msMÖn K‡i Bgvg †evLvix GKUvi ci
GKUv gš’b K‡i wbR Ávb eyw× I wePvi †gvZv‡eK cÖvq
†mvqv 7 nvRvi nvw`m mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| hvi
Mo ciZv ivexi msL¨v `uvovq 3 j¶ 63 nvRvi 7 kZ
50 Rb| c¶vš—‡i, Bgvg †evLvix gvÎ 18k Rb ivexi
Pwi‡Îi mZ¨Zvi `wjj iPbv K‡i‡Qb| evwK j¶ j¶
ivexi Pwi‡Îi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i †Kvb `wjj †bB|
2. GKRb gvÎ gvby‡li mviv Rxe‡b GKwU gvÎ wg_¨v ev
f‚j e‡jbwb ev e‡j‡Qb; Ggb mv¶x ¯^vgx-¯¿x,mš—vbmš—wZ, gvZv-wcZv Kv‡iv c‡¶B †Kn w`‡Z cv‡ib bv|
GgbwK wb‡Ri e¨vcv‡iI Zv m¤¢e bq eis Ggb gvQyg
†jvK _vKvB Aev¯—e; GgbwK nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K
bexMYI f~‡ji D‡×© wQ‡jb bv e‡j kwiqZ ¯^qs

28

wb‡RB mv¶x w`‡”Q|
3. ivex‡`i g‡a¨ 2/4 Rb ivexi bvg wVKvbv we¯§„Z n‡j
ev AwaK hy³ Ki‡j Zv mbv³ Kivi myÎ KviI Rvbvi
K_v bq| whwb gvÎ kÖ“wZ my‡Î nvw`m I ivexi bvg
wVKvbv I Rxe‡bwZnvm msMÖn K‡i‡Qb, wZwb `ÕyPviwU
ev` w`‡j ev mshy³ Ki‡j Kvi wK Kivi Av‡Q!
4. ¯^qs Bgvg †evLvixMY wb‡Riv wg_¨v e‡jbwb, fzj
K‡ib wb, Ggb †Kvb `wjj cÖgvY ‡bB! Ôwg_¨v ewjwbÕ
evK¨wU nvRvi evi wj‡L KQg K‡i ej‡jI ee©i g~L©
Qvov Ab¨ †Kn cix¶v-wbix¶v Qvov wek¦vm Ki‡Z
cv‡i bv! Aš—Z Zv‡`i †jLv¸wj mZ¨ wK wg_¨v Zv
Zv‡`i iPbv¸wjB cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ h‡_ó| gnvbexi iIRv
†gvevi‡Ki cv‡k e‡m wjL‡jB †h Zv mZ¨ n‡e Ggb
wek¦vm ÔKÕ A¶i ÁvbïY¨ †jv‡KivB Ki‡Z cv‡i|
5. Bgvg †evLvixMY 3k eQi c‡i `jxq I ¯^‡NvwlZ
ivQy‡ji †m‡µUvix (bv‡q‡e ivQyj) wQ‡jb| Qvnvev‡`i
Zzjbvq Zviv AwaK avwg©K ev Ávbx Aek¨B wQ‡jb bv|
Z`ycwi kwiq‡Zi wek¦v‡m gnvbex wb‡RB hLb fzj
K‡i‡Qb! ZLb Bgvg †evLvix‡`i gZ `jxq †bZv‡`i
†Kvb cÖkœB _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| †ek wKQy cÖgv‡Yi g‡a¨
gvÎ 2wU cÖgvY †`Iqv †Mj:
K. Avey †nvivqiv eY©bv K‡i‡Qb: GK`v bvgv‡Ri GKvgZ
ejv n‡jv, mK‡j `uvwo‡q KvZvi †mvRv Ki‡jv|
nhiZ ivQyjvj−vn mv‡j−j−vû AvjvB‡n AQvj−vg bvgvR
coevi Rb¨ Avm‡jb| wZwb hLb †gvQvj−vq
[Rvqbvgv‡R] `uvov‡jb [bvgvR Avi¤¢ nIqvi c~e©¶‡Y]
nVvr Zvnvi g‡b co‡jv wZwb diR †Mvmj [m½‡gvËi]
K‡ib wb| wZwb mKj‡K A‡c¶v Ki‡Z ej‡jb Ges
Zr¶Yvr †Mvmj K‡i Avm‡jb| Zvui gv_vi cvwb
ZLbI †dvUvq †duvUvq cowQj| GgZve¯’vqB wZwb
bvgvR Avi¤¢ Ki‡jb| Ges Avgiv mK‡jB Zvi mwnZ
bvgvR cojvg| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwRRyj.nK 1g
LÛ; c„: 145] [bvcvK RvqbvgvRwU cvK cweÎ Kiv
n‡qwQj wKbv!]
L. Avãyj−vn Be‡b gvQy` [iv] eY©bv K‡ib: GK`v ivQyj [mv]

†hvn‡ii bvgvR cuvP ivKvZ c‡o †dj‡jb| Zvi wbKU
AviR Kiv n‡jv: Ôbvgv‡Ri ivKvZ wK †e‡o wM‡q‡Q?Õ
wZwb ej‡jb, ÒBnvi A_© wK?Ó ZLb AviR Kiv n‡jv
†h, ÔAvcwb bvgv‡R cuvP ivKvZ c‡o‡Qb|Õ GZ`kªe‡Y
nhiZ [mv] Qvjvg wdivevi ci 2wU †mR`v Ki‡jb|
Zvici Avevi Qvjvg Ki‡jb| bvgvRv‡š— ej‡jb,
ÒbvgvR m¤ú‡K© bZzb wKQy n‡j wbðqB †Zvgvw`M‡K
e‡j w`Zvg| wKš‘ Avwg gvbyl AvgviI fzj nq| †hiƒc
†Zvgv‡`i fzj n‡q _v‡K| AZGe, †Kvb mgq Avwg
fz‡j †M‡j Avgv‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q w`I| Avi †Zvgv‡`i
g‡a¨ †Kn bvgv‡Ri ivKvZ m¤^‡Ü m‡›`‡n cwZZ n‡j
Zvi KZ©e¨ n‡e wPš—v K‡i mwVK ivKvZ wba©viY Kiv,
†m Dnvi wfwˇZB bvgvR c~Y© Ki‡e| AZtci Qvjvg
K‡i 2wU †mR`v Ki‡e|Ó [ †evLvix, 1g LÛ,AvwR.
nK; c„: 315]
6. Dwj−wLZ 3bs avivwU ‡h Aev¯—e I weÁvcY meŸ©¯^ Zv
ÔAvey †nvivqivi msw¶ß RxebxÕ Aa¨vq 1bs nvw`mwU
Rjš— cÖgvb; †mLv‡b GgbwK kqZv‡bi bv‡g nvw`mwU
Avey †nvivqivi eiv‡Z ivQy‡ji bv‡g mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY
Kiv n‡q‡Q|
7. Dwj−wLZ 1bs Gi ÔKÕ avivq ewY©Z wkïmyjf hyw³wUi
wei“‡× Ômivmwi †Kvivb wei“× nvw`mÕ Aa¨vq 5bs Gi
ÔKÕ avivq j¶Yxq †h ¯^qs ivQyjB ÔQwjg-KwjgÕ Gi
†P‡qI bvg wVKvbv wenxY A¯úó evK¨ ÔAgyK AgyK
†gvmjgvb SMov Kivq jvBjvZzj K`‡ii wbw`©ó
ZvwiL fywj‡q †`qv n‡q‡QÕ e‡j kwiqZ ¯^ we‡ivax
mvw¶ w`‡”Q|
*
11 †evLvixi [i] nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
wbR¯^ Dw³:
1. Bgvg †evLvix e‡jb, ÒAvwg †jLv-cov Avi¤¢ Kivi
c‡i 10 ermi eq‡m Avgvi Aš—‡i Avj−vni Zid
†_‡K Gj&nvg nq †h, Avwg †hb nvw`m KÚ¯’ Kivq

29

Zrci nB|Ó
2. 18 ermi eq‡m wewea MÖš’ msKj‡b e¨c„Z nB Ges
gw`bvq ivQyjvj−vni iIRvcv‡Ki wbKUeZ©x ¯’v‡b e‡m
nvw`‡mi mv¶¨`vZv ev ivexM‡Yi Rxe‡bwZnvm iPbvq
GKLvbv wKZve iPbv Kwi|
3. †hŠe‡bi cÖvi‡¤¢ ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg- Avwg GKwU cvLv nv‡Z
wb‡q ivQy‡ji [mv] wbKU `uvwo‡q AvwQ Ges H cvLv Øviv
ivQyjvj−vn n‡Z gkv gvwQ BZ¨vw` nwU‡q ivLwQ| fv‡jv
GKRb ZvÕexi eY©bvKvixi wbKU GB ¯^cœ e¨³ Ki‡j
wZwb Avgv‡K ej‡jb, ÒZzwg Ggb KvR Ki‡e hvnv Øviv
ivQy‡ji [mv] cÖwZ †gŠRy, Rvj ev wg_¨v nvw`‡mi m¤^Ü
g~j DrcvwUZ nB‡e| Bnv ï‡b Avgvi g‡b †cÖiYv
RvM‡jv †h, Avwg Ggb GKLvbv †KZve wjLe, hvnvi
g‡a¨ m‡›`n gy³ Qwnn& nvw`m _vK‡e|Ó
4. Avwg GB †KZv‡ei g‡a¨ cÖwZwU nvw`m GZ`~i mZK©Zvi
mwnZ MÖnY K‡iwQ †h, Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ ¯^xq ¶gZv, Ávb,
Gjg I AwfÁZv Øviv cÖwZwU nvw`m‡K m~² iƒ‡c †e‡Q
I ciL K‡i jIqvi c‡iI cÖ‡Z¨KwU nvw`m wjLevi
c~‡e© †Mvmj KiZ 2 ivKvZ bvgvR c‡o Avj−vni wbKU
G‡¯—Lviv Kivi ci hLb Avgvi g‡b `„p wek¦vm
Rwb¥‡q‡Q †h, GB nvw`mwU m‡›`n †jknxb I Qwnn&;
ZLbB Avwg Dnv‡K Avgvi GB †KZv‡ei Aš—f©~³
K‡iwQ, Bnvi c~‡e© b‡n| GB wKZv‡ei cwi‡”Q`mg~n
cweÎ gw`bvq ivQy‡ji [mv] iIRvcv‡Ki wbKUeZ©x e‡m
mvwR‡qwQ Ges cÖwZwU cwi‡”Q` wjL‡ZI 2 ivKvZ
bvgvR c‡owQ| GBiƒ‡c Avwg ¯^xq KÚ¯’ 6 j¶ nvw`m
[ZvR¨e e¨vcvi e‡U!] †_‡K †e‡Q 16 erm‡i AK¬vš—
cwikª‡g GB †KZveLvbv msKjb K‡iwQ| GB Avkvq
AbycÖvYxZ n‡q †h, Avwg †hb GB †KZveLvbv‡K wb‡q
Avj−vni `iev‡i nvwRi n‡Z cvwi| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g
LÊ AvwR. nK ÔgyLeÜÕ]
mg_©K‡`i ¯^cœ I Dw³
1. Avãyj Iqv‡n` Ge‡b Av`g bvgK GK wewkó e¨w³
eY©bv K‡ib: GK iv‡Z Avwg ivQyj‡K [mv] ¯^‡cœ
†`Ljvg| wZwb ¯^xq QvnvexM‡Yi GK RvgvZmn GK

2.

3.

4.

5.

¯’v‡b A‡c¶gvb Ae¯’vq `uvwo‡q Av‡Qb| Avwg
ivQyjvj−vn‡K Qvjvg w`‡q wRÁvmv Kijvg, ÒBqv
ivQyjvj−vn! Avcwb Kvnvi A‡c¶vq GLv‡b `uvwo‡q
Av‡Qb?Ó ivQyjvj−vn ej‡jb, Ògynv¤§` Be‡b
BmgvB‡ji [Bgvg †evLvixi] A‡c¶vq AvwQ|Ó ¯^cœ
eY©bvKvix ej‡jb, ÔwKQyw`b c‡i hLb Avwg Bgvg
†evLvixi g„Zz¨ msev` ïb‡Z †cjvg, ZLb wnmve K‡i
†`Ljvg, Avwg †h ¯^cœ †`‡LwQjvg wVK †mB mgqB
Bgvg †evLvixi g„Zz¨ n‡qwQj|Õ
bgg Ge‡b †dvRvBj bvgK wewkó †gvnv‡Ïm eY©bv
K‡i‡Qb,ÔAvwg ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg nhiZ ivQyjvj−vn [mv]
iIRv kwid †_‡K †ei n‡q Avm‡jb| Ges †evLvix
Zvui wcQb wcQb nuvU‡Qb| ivQyj [mv] †h †h ¯’v‡b cv
†i‡L nvU‡Qb, Bgvg †evLvix Zuvi wcQ‡b wVK wVK †mB
¯’v‡b cv †i‡L nuvU‡Qb|Õ †evLvix wbevmx Avey nv‡Zg
bvgK wewkó e¨w³I AweKj ¯^‡cœ †`‡L‡Qb e‡j eY©bv
w`‡q‡Qb|
wewkó e¨w³ e‡jb, ÔAvwg ivQyjvj−vn‡K [mv] ¯^‡cœ
†`Ljvg, wZwb wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, ÔZzwg †Kv_vq hv”Q?Õ
Avwg AviR Kijvg, Ôgynv¤§` Beb BmgvB‡ji wbKU
hvw”Q|Õ nhiZ [mv] ej‡jb, ÒZuv‡K Avgvi Qvjvg
w`I|Ó
Avey hv‡q` gviIqvRx bvgK cÖwm× GKRb †gvnv‡Ïm
eY©bv K‡ib, ÒGK`v Avwg cweÎ Kvev N‡ii msjMœ
¯’v‡b ï‡qwQjvg| Z`ve¯’vq ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg, ivQyjvj−vn
Avgv‡K ej‡Qb, Ô†n Avey hv‡q`! Zzwg Avi KZKvj
Bgvg kv‡dBi †KZve co‡Z _vK‡e! Avgvi †KZve
cobv †Kb?Õ Avwg AviR Kijvg, ûRyi Avcbvi
†KZve †KvbwU? nhiZ DËi digvB‡jb, Ôgynv¤§`
Be‡b BmgvBj †h wKZveLvbv msKjb K‡i‡Qb, DnvB
Avgvi wKZve|Ó
Mv‡je Ge‡b wReªvBj bvgK LiZ½ MÖvgevmx e‡jb,
ÒBgvg †evLvix GKw`b Avgvi AvwZ‡_qZv MÖnY K‡ib|
Bgvg †evLvix‡K Ke‡ii g‡a¨ ivLvgvÎB Ke‡ii
PZzicv‡k©¦ †gm&‡Ki b¨vq my-NªvY I myevm Qov‡Z

30

jvM‡jv Ges H myevm eûw`b ch©š— ¯’vqx wQj| †`kwe‡`‡ki †jvK †Rqvi‡Zi Rb¨ G‡m Z_vKvi gvwU
wb‡Z Avi¤¢ Ki‡jv; Ggb wK Avgiv Ae‡k‡l H
Kei‡K gReyZ †eóbx Øviv i¶v Ki‡Z eva¨ njvg|Ó
[`ª: †evLvix,1g LÊ AvwR. nK; ÔgyLeÜÕ]
*
12 †gvm‡j‡gi [i] nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
wbR¯^ Dw³:
Bgvg †gvm‡jg wb‡Ri msKwjZ nvw`m m¤^‡Ü `vex K‡ib
†h, Òc„w_exi gynv‡ÏmMY hw` `yBkZ ermi ch©š— nvw`m
wjwce× Ki‡Z _v‡Kb, Z_vwc Zvnvw`M‡K Aek¨B GB
m¤ú`hy³ weï× †KZv‡ei Dci wbf©i Ki‡Z n‡e| Avi GB
†KZv‡ei DciB Zv‡`i Av¯’v I wek¦vm AwePj _vK‡e|Ó [
`ª: Qwnn †gvm‡jg; Av. dvZvn 1g LÛ, c„: 85 ]
mg_©K‡`i ¯^cœ I Dw³
1. Bgvg Avey nv‡Zgx e‡jb, ÒB‡š—Kv‡ji ci Avwg Bgvg
gymwjg‡K ¯^‡cœ †`‡LwQ Ges Zvi Ae¯’v m¤ú‡K©
wRÁvmv Kijvg| wZwb ej‡jb, Avj−vn Avgvi Rb¨
†e‡n‡¯—i mKj ¯’vb hv‡qR K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| †hLv‡b
B”Qv †mLv‡bB †h‡Z cvwi|Ó
2. Bgvg Avey Avjx RvDbx e‡jb, Ò†Kvb GK e¨w³ Bgvg
gymwjg‡K ¯^‡cœ †`‡L‡Qb †h, wZwb †e‡n‡¯— Av‡Qb|
wKiƒ‡c bvRvZ †c‡q‡Qb, G cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e e‡jb,
ÔAvgvi nv‡Zi Qwnn& gymwjg kix‡di †h LÛwU i‡q‡Q
Dnvi e‡`Šj‡ZB Avwg bvRvZ †c‡qwQ|Ó
3. nv‡dR gymwjgv web KziZix e‡jb, Ògymwjg kix‡di
gZ Bmjv‡g Giƒc Avi GKLvwb MÖš’ †KnB iPbv Ki‡Z
m¶g nq wb|Ó
4. gynvwÏmMY Qwn †gvm‡j‡gi weï×Zv m¤^‡Ü mK‡jB
GKgZ| ïay ZvB bq; cieZ©x Kv‡ji K‡qKRb hyM
†kªô gynvwχmi g‡Z Qwnn& †evLvixi Zzjbvq Qwnn
gymwjg kixd AwaK weï× I †kªô|

5. cÖL¨vZ gynvwÏm KvRx Avqve e‡jb †h, ÒAvgiv
K‡qKRb nvw`‡mi I¯—v`, hvnviv cÖL¨vZ gynvwÏm
wQ‡jb, Zvnviv Qwnn& †evLvix A‡c¶v Qwnn& gymwjg
kixd‡KB AMÖvwaKvi cÖ`vb K‡ib|Ó
6. nv‡dR Ge‡b gvb`vn e‡jb, ÒAvwg weL¨vZ gynvwÏm
nvwdR Avey Avjx wbkvcyix‡K [hvi gZ eo nvwdR Avwg
Avi GKRbI †`wL bvB] GB K_v ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h,
AvKv‡ki bx‡P Bgvg gymwj‡gi nvw`m MÖš’ A‡c¶v
weï×Zvi wKZve GKLvwbI †`wL bvB|Ó
7. Aveyhyi AvivRx I Avey nvwZg Bgvg gymwj‡gi nvw`m
kv‡mª Ávb wekvj Zvi Kvi‡Y Zvnv‡K nvw`‡mi Ges
Avn&‡j nvw`‡mi Bgvg g‡b K‡ib|
8. Bgvg nvigvBb e‡jb, Òhw` †Kvb e¨w³ ¯¿x Zvjv‡Ki
e¨vcv‡i KQg K‡i †h, Bgvg †evLvix Ges Bgvg
gymwj‡gi †mB mKj nvw`m Qwnn&, Dnv ivQy‡ji evYxZvnvi ¯¿x ZvjvK nB‡e bv| KviY Df‡qi †KZve؇qi
nvw`mg~n Qwnn& [weï×]|Ó [`ª: †gvm‡jg, 1g LÊ gynv¤§`
Aveyj dvZvn f‚Tv; c„:85]
ch©v‡jvPbv
1. gynv‡Ïm I mg_©K‡`i wbR¯^ Dw³, ¯^cœ BZ¨vw` m¤^‡Ü
we¯—vwiZ mgv‡jvPbv wb¯cÖ‡qvRb| ag©fxi“MY hw`
j¾v ev weeªZ‡eva bv K‡ib Z‡e ¯^-¯^ Áv‡bi
gvcKvwV‡Z wePvi we‡k−lY Ki‡eb| wjwLZ `wjj
mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖgv‡Y e¨w³MZ Dw³ I ¯^‡cœi Avkªq †bqvi
A_© `wjjwUi †Kvb wfwË †bB| AZGe, Gi wg_¨v
weÁvcY Qvov cÖPv‡iiI †Kvb c_ †Lvjv †bB| KviY
†Kvivb mZ¨vm‡Z¨i e¨vcv‡i GKwU ¯^‡cœiI `iKvi
nqwb|
2. Bgvg †evLvix e‡j‡Qb †h, Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ Ávb,
AwfÁZvi Øviv [†gŠwLK fv‡e msM„nxZ] 6 j¶ nvw`m
my²iƒ‡c †e‡Q †h nvw`m¸wj mwVK ‡c‡q‡Qb, †m¸wj
†jLvi Av‡M cÖ‡Z¨KwUi Rb¨ 2 ivKvZ bvgvR
AZtci G‡¯’Lvivi gva¨‡g wbwðZ n‡q AZtci
msKjb K‡i‡Qb| cvVK‡`i ¯§iY Av‡Q †h, nhiZ

31

3.

4.

5.

6.

AveyeKi [iv] gvÎ 5 kZ nvw`m wj‡L nvRvi wPš—v
fvebv, G‡¯—Lviv K‡iI m‡›`n gy³ n‡Z bv †c‡i
Rvnvbœv‡gi f‡q R¡vwj‡q †`b| nhiZ Igi [iv] G
e¨vcv‡i mfv mwgwZ K‡i AZtci GK gvm hver G‡¯—
Lviv K‡i GKB Kvi‡Y Ges gymwjg we‡k¦i e„nËi ¯^v‡_©
msKj‡bi cwiKíbv Kmg †L‡q cwiZ¨vM K‡ib|
c¶vš—‡i, wZbkZ ermi c‡i BgvgMY H GKB
Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji †cÖ‡g AbycÖvwYZ n‡q, Bmjv‡gi
e„nËi ¯^v‡_© [?] nvRvi nvRvi nvw`m iPbv K‡i mZ¨,
gnvmZ¨ e‡j `vex Kivi wcQ‡b Zv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨
gymwjg mgv‡Ri Rb¨ eoB D‡ØMRbK e‡U!
c~‡e©I ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, nvw`m msKjK, Bgvg
†gvnv‡ÏmMY G‡K A‡b¨i ¸i“ wkl¨ wQ‡jb| A_P ¸i“i
msM„nxZ nvw`m cÖZ¨vLvb K‡i, eis cÖ‡Z¨‡KB
¯^Zš¿fv‡e cybt cybt nvw`m msMÖn, msKjb I ¯^-¯^
KweivRx cÖPviYv! nvw`m gv‡K©‡U ¸i“-wkl¨‡`i GB
Zxeª cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi KviY GKgvÎ ag© e¨emv Qvov
wØZxq †Kvb D‡Ïk¨ _vKvi K_v bq|
Bgvg †evLvix †h 430 Rb ivexi gvidZ nvw`m cÖvß
n‡q Dnv mZ¨ e‡j wbR MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb w`‡q‡Qb; Bgvg
†gvm‡jg Zvi cÖ‡Z¨KwU wg_¨v e‡j eR©b K‡i‡Qb|
Abyiƒc Bgvg †gvm‡jg †h 620 Rb ivexi gvidr mZ¨
nvw`m MÖnY K‡i‡Qb; Bgvg †evLvix Zv wg_¨v e‡j Zvi
Qwnn& MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb †`b wb! Zv¾e e¨vcvi e‡U!
cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi g‡Z gvby‡li g„Zz¨i ci cvc-cy‡Y¨i
†kªYx g‡Z Bj−xb I wQw¾b bvgK ¯’v‡b ivLv nq!
AZtci †KqvgZ †k‡l nvm‡ii gv‡V wePvi we‡ePbvq
†e‡n¯— †`vh‡L cvVv‡bv n‡e| D³ wek¦vm g‡Z gnvbex
GLb ch©š— †e‡n‡¯— XyK‡Z cv‡ib wb e‡j kwiq‡Zi
`„p wek¦vm| c¶vš—‡i G¸wj m¤úbœ nIqvi c~‡e©B
BgvgØq wK K‡i †e‡n‡¯— Xz‡K co‡jb! Zv mvaviY
wkw¶Z GgbwK Kv‡di‡`i‡KI fvwe‡q Zzj‡e!
gnvbexi RxweZve¯’vq Ges mvg‡bB hLb Pzwi,
WvKvwZ, wg_¨v, †PvMj‡Lvix, †gvbv‡dKx Z_v
Qvnvev‡`i g‡a¨ SMov-dvQv` msMwVZ n‡q‡Q;

KvevNi, iIRv †gveviK wRqvi‡Z GLbI gyqv‡j−g‡`i
hLb Nyl cÖ`vb Ki‡Z nq; UvDU, evUcvi Lybx Nyl‡Lvi
Z_v ivRbxwZwe`, ag© e¨emvqxMYI hLb nvRx nIqvi
my‡hvM cvq! 14k ermi hver ivwóªq ¶gZv I
†KvlvMvi ivRv-ev`kvMY GLbI A‰eafv‡e `Lj
K‡i Av‡Qb! ZLb cweÎ iIRv †gvevi‡Ki †`vnvB
w`‡q wKQy cÖPvi-cÖwZôv Kivi wcQ‡b †Kvb mr D‡Ïk¨
Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
7. GZ`m‡Z¡I †gvnv‡ÏmMY G‡K hv mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY
K‡i‡Qb, A‡b¨ Zv wg_¨v e‡j eR©b K‡i‡Qb; GKB
nvw`‡m ci¯úi we‡ivax nvw`mI we`¨gvb| ZvQvov
ev¯—e we‡ivax, cÖK…wZ we‡ivax, GgbwK †Kviv‡bi
wecixZ AmsL¨ nvw`m we`¨gvb| ¯’vb we‡k‡l `yÕPvi
Lvbvi bgybvI †`qv n‡e|
8. Aaybv wejyß BmjvwgK †W‡gvµvwUK jx‡Mi cÖwZôvZv
†cÖwm‡W›U giûg Avãyi iwng msKwjZ Ônvw`m
msKj‡bi BwZnvmÕ MÖ‡š’ †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨
Ki‡Z wM‡q wj‡L‡Qb, Ònvw`m bvgv‡R †ZjvIqvr
Kiv nq bv; nv‡qR, †bdvm I Rybyex Ae¯’vqI aiv,
†Qvqv I cov hv‡qR, IRy †Mvm‡ji `iKvi nq bv|
nvw`m A¯^xKvi Ki‡j Kv‡di nq bv BZ¨vw`|Ó myZivs
Ggb nvw`m‡K Dcb¨v‡mi m‡½B Zzjbv Kiv P‡j!
Bnv‡Z a‡g©i †Kvb ¸i“Z¡ †bB [†`Lyb: H; †Kvivb
nvw`m cv_©K¨ Aa¨vq]| Avi H GKB MÖ‡š’i Ab¨Î
wj‡L‡Qb wVK Zvi wecixZ|
9. nvw`m‡eËvMY ARvbv A‡Pbv j¶ j¶ †gŠwLK I
KvíwbK mv¶xi Dci nvw`‡mi mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖgv‡Y
m‡Pó n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Kw®§bKv‡jI †Kviv‡bi
Av‡jv‡K GKwU nvw`‡miI mZ¨ wg_¨v cÖgvY Kivi
†Póv K‡ibwb eis AÁvZ Kvi‡Y Zv Gwo‡q †M‡Qb|
nv‡ji kvqLyj nvw`mMYI †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K
nvw`‡mi mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖgv‡Y GLbI ivRx n‡”Qb bv|
A_P †Kvivb mv¶x †`q †h, ivQyj †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i
wZj cwigvY K_v I KvR K‡ib wb; Ki‡j Zvi Nuv‡oi
wkiv †K‡U †`qv n‡Zv| [†`Lyb: Qyiv 69: nvK¡v- 44-

32

47]
10. Dwj−wLZ nvw`m cix¶vi aviv¸wj †jLvi Av‡M MÖvgM‡Äi †gv³vi-gyûix A_ev mvwjk gvZzeŸi‡`i
civgk© wb‡jI m¤§vwbZ, Av‡jg, Avj−vgv, kv‡qL‡`i
wKQyUv n‡jI B¾Z i¶v n‡Zv| ag© Z_v gnv bex‡K
wb‡qI weZ‡K©i m„wó n‡Zv bv|
11. cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nvw`m eY©bvKvixMY Rxe‡b wg_¨v
e‡jbwb, K‡ib wb, Ggb mv¶x-mvey` cÖgvwYZ n‡j
[Aev¯—e] Zv‡`i nvw`m MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ †mB
ivex‡`i c‡¶ mZ¨Zvi mv¶x cÖgvb †bB| AZtci H
mv¶x‡`i mZ¨Zvi mv¶x; AZtci ci¤úivq Bnv‡`i,
Dnv‡`i, Zvnv‡`i Ges Zvnv‡`i Ges Dnv‡`i mv¶x!
A_©vr H KvíwbK mv¶xi wQjwQjv Pj‡Z Pj‡Z
eZ©gvb cvVK ch©š— G‡m †cuŠ‡Q| welqUv Kíbv
Ki‡j cvV‡Ki gv_v weMovevi K_v e‡U! g~jZ 6/30
j¶ nvw`m; †KvwU †KvwU ivex‡`i bvg-wVKvbv, esk
cwiPq, Rxe‡bwZnvm; Zv‡`i K‡g©i mZ¨-wg_¨vi
mv¶x BZ¨vw`-BZ¨vw`; meB KvíwbKfv‡e msMÖn Ges
KvíwbKfv‡eB QvUvB evQvB Ges GKB e¨w³ I GKB
†Uwe‡j e‡mB iwPZ; hv bvUK, M‡íi mv‡_B Zzjbv
Kiv hvq! ag© Z_v Avj−vn-ivQyj‡K wb‡q Ggb
Jcb¨vwmK wePvi we‡k−lY eoB nZvkvRbK e‡U!
12. cybt ¯§iYxq †h, †Qnv‡QËvi me©‡kªô BgvgØq: Bgvg
†evLvix I Bgvg †gvm‡jg‡K, Zv‡`i ¸i“-cxi Bgvg
hvn&jx KZ©„K Zv‡`i Bmjvg we‡ivax gZev‡`i Kvi‡Y
ÒAevwÂZ †gvm‡jgÓ †NvlYv K‡i ¯‹zj K¶ †_‡K
weZvwoZ K‡i‡Qb, Zvi KviY kwiqZ g‡bi fz‡jI
cÖKvk K‡ib wb, RbmvaviY‡KI Rvb‡Z †`b wb|
13. Bgvg †evLvixMY Rxe‡b KLbI wg_¨v e‡jb wb, K‡ib
wb! Dnv Kmg w`‡q cÖgvY Kivi cwi‡ek Avi †bB!
14. gnvbexi nvw`m, gnvbexi †KZve Avj-†Kvivb;
gnvbexi gyL wbtm„Z evYx wb‡RB Zv wj‡L‡Qb|
†evLvix‡`i wjwLZ †KZve bq|
15. †evLvix mv‡neMY ¯^-wjwLZ †KZve wb‡q KvíwbK

†e‡n‡¯— Xy‡K †M‡Qb! welqwU †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ e„×v½ywj
cÖ`k©b e‡jB cÖZxqgvb nq! Ggb cvëv a„óZv
†gvm‡jg mv‡n‡ei f³MYI †`wL‡q‡Qb †h gvÎ GK
LÛ †gvm‡jg nvw`m wb‡qB †gvm‡jg mv‡ne †e‡n‡¯—
Xz‡K c‡o‡Qb| A_P gnvbex‡K †e‡n‡¯— XzKvevi Rb¨
wek¦ †gvm‡jg Avj−vni Kv‡Q 14kZ ermi hver
mycvwik K‡iB Pj‡Qb| †hgb: Ò‡n Avj−vn! Zzwg
nhiZ gynv¤§`‡K m‡e©vP¨ †e‡n‡¯— `vwLj Ki! Zzwg †Zv
Iqv`v f½ Ki bv!Ó [`ª: AvRv‡bi I bvgv‡Ri wewfbœ
†`vqv]
16. Ômg_©K‡`i ¯^cœ I Dw³Õi 8 bs avivwU †`Lyb; nvw`m
cix¶v ev mZ¨vm‡Z¨i mv‡_ ¯¿x Zvjv‡Ki wK m¤úK©
Av‡Q! GKvš— MÖvg¨ g~L© †jvK Qvov Ggb gš—e¨ Avi †KB
ev Ki‡Z cv‡i!
17. †gvU K_v nvRvi eQi c~‡e©iB †nvK, nvRvi nvRvi
mv¶x _vKzK ev bv _vKzK,Avi welqwU †h-B ejyK ev
†h †Kvb MÖ‡š’B †jLv _vKzK Zv‡Z wKQy hvq-Av‡m
bv| welqwU hyw³hy³ wK bv!, mvwe©K gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi
wbwg‡Z¡ cwi¶xZ I cÖgvwYZ wK bv! m‡e©vcwi Dnv
†Kvivb mg_©b K‡i wK bv! DnvB P‚ovš— wePvh© welq|
Ggb wbwðr cix¶v I wePvi we‡ePbvi Rb¨B gvby‡li
KY©, P¶z I ü`q †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges Bnvi ‰Kwdqr w`‡Z
gvbyl eva¨, KviY:
A jv ZvKdz-- gvQDjvb| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-36]
A_©: †h welq †Zvgvi †Kvb Ávb †bB Dnvi
AbymiY KwiI bv; KY©, P¶z I ü`q, Dnv‡`i
cÖ‡Z¨KwU m¤ú‡K© ‰Kwdqr Zje Kiv n‡e|
*
13 wn›`y‡`i GKwU nvw`m

33

welqwU wjL‡Z ev ïb‡Z Lvivc jvM‡jI ¯^qs kxe VvKz‡ii
gyL wbtm„Z evYx ev Qwnn nvw`mwU Zvi f³MY [QvnvevMY]
wRnŸv euvKv K‡i A_©vr K‚U‡KŠk‡j cÖPvi K‡i mgMÖ wn›`y
m¤cÖ`vq‡K weåvš— K‡i‡Q weavq ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ávb K‡i ewY©Z
n‡jv| Ges Avgv‡`i nvw`‡mi ¯^iƒc Ges g~j¨vqb m¤ú‡K©I
cvVKe„›`‡K m‡PZb n‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i| welqwUi
Z_¨myÎ †`qv m¤¢e nq wb KviY †Kvb GK eªvþ‡Yi gy‡L
†kvbv Ges ¸i“Z¡ w`‡qwQ GRb¨ †h-†e`-MxZvq g~wZ© cyRvi
`wjj †bB Ges kxe wj½ cyRviI Ab¨ †Kvb BwZnvm
cvIqv hvq wb| †Kn cweÎ ‡e`-MxZvi Av‡jv‡K ms‡kvab
K‡i w`‡j evwaZ n‡ev|
GK`v kxe VvKz‡ii QvnvevMY D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡q
¸i“i Kv‡Q AviR Ki‡jb †h, ÔûRyi `~i `~ivš— †_‡K
RbmvaviY wewfbœ D‡Ï‡k¨ Avcbvi `iev‡i G‡mI mv¶vZ
jv‡fi my‡hvM cvq bv| AZGe, Avcwb AbygwZ w`‡j
Avcbvi c¶ n‡q Avgiv mvavi‡Yi cyRv MÖnY Kwi Ges
Zv‡`i c¶ n‡q Avgiv Avcbv‡K cyRv Kwi|Õ A_©vr
f³‡`i bRivbvw` †fv‡Mi AbygwZ MÖnY| Gfv‡e Zviv
cÖvqB AbygwZ cÖv_©bv Ki‡Zb| cÖwZeviB kxe VvKzi
ej‡Zb, ÔGK †gev wØZxqg|Õ A_©vr ÔjvBjvnv Bj−vj−vn|Õ
AZtci Ges GK`v wkl¨MY Abyiƒc wb‡e`b Ki‡j kxe
VvKzi cÖPÛ †i‡M Avcb cysA½ Bw½Z K‡i ej‡jb,
Ôïbwe bv †Zviv! †b! Avgvi GUv cyRv Ki|Õ AZtci
QvnvevMY jw¾Z I AcgvwbZ n‡q evB‡i G‡m A‡c¶gvb
RbmvaviY‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i ej‡jb, ÔVvKzi AvR Avcbv‡`i
`k©b †`‡eb bv| wZwb wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb †h, hvi hvi evox
wM‡q VvKz‡ii wj½ cyRv Ki‡Z|Õ wbixn mij cÖvY
RbmvaviY †mB †_‡KB bvwK kxe wj½ †gveviK cyRvi
cÖPjb NUvq; hv AvRI cÖPwjZ Av‡Q|
*

14 nvw`m iPbvq ivQy‡ji wb‡lavÁvi we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv
nvw`mwU ïi“‡ZB ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a GwU cybivq
Ges `ªóe¨mn c~Y©fv‡e ewY©Z n‡jv:
nhiZ Avey QvB` Ly`ix [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyjvj−vn [mv]
e‡j‡Qb †h, Ò†Kvivb e¨ZxZ Avgvi †Kvb K_vB wjwLI
bv| Avi †Kvivb e¨ZxZ Avgvi wbKU †_‡K Ab¨ wKQy wj‡L
_vK‡j, Zv †hb gy‡Q †djv nq|Ó [`ª: †gvm‡jg, 1g LÛ, gy:
Av: dvZvn f‚Tv; c„: 51 ]
nvw`mwU m¤^‡Ü we‡k¦i mK‡jB GKgZ; wKš‘ kwiqZ
nvRv‡iv dw›`-wdwKi, KzU-‡KŠk‡j nvw`mwU evwZj e‡j
mve¨¯— Kivi AvcÖvY †Póv K‡i _v‡Kb| hvi `yÕwU bgybv
wb‡æ cÖ`Ë n‡jv:
1. GB mKj nvw`m Øviv †h wb‡lavÁv iwnqv‡Q, Dnv
byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi cÖv_wgK mg‡qi mv‡_ wbw`©ó|
KviY, †Kvivb gwR‡`i mv‡_ mswgkªY Kwiqv wjLvi
gva¨‡g fqven cwiw¯’wZi D™¢e nBevi AvksKv wQj|
†h‡nZz cÖ_g byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi mgq gymjgvbMY
mvaviYfv‡e †Kviv‡bi fvlv I fveevYx Ges Dnvi
Mvw¤¢h¨©c~Y© fveavivi mwnZ cwiwPZ nB‡Z cv‡i bvB|
†Kvivb gwR` I A‡Kviv‡bi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ Kwievi gZ
Zx¶è `„wó I we‡eK eyw× Zv‡`i g‡a¨ m„wó nq bvB|
d‡j Df‡qi g‡a¨ mswgkªY nBevi AvksKvq wb‡la
KwiqvwQ‡jb| wnhi‡Zi ci hLb gymjgvb‡`i g‡a¨
cv_©K¨ wbY©‡qi Ávb, eyw× I we‡eK m„wó n‡qwQj
ZLb nvw`m †jLvi AbygwZ I wb‡`©k w`qvwQ‡jb|
2. wØZxq KviY nB‡Z‡Q †h, ivQy‡ji [mv] wb‡lavÁv wQj
†mB mKj QvnvevM‡Yi cÖwZ, hv‡`i ¯§iY kw³ wQj
AZ¨š— cÖLi| hvnviv kªeY gvÎB ¯§„wZ c‡U AsKb
Kwi‡Z m¶g| wKQygvÎ fywjqv hvBevi m¤¢vebv bvB|

34

GB †kªYxi QvnvevMY‡K wb‡la KwiqvwQ‡jb| KviY,
Zvnviv hw` †KejgvÎ wjLbxi Dci wbf©ikxj nIqvi
Af¨vm Kwi‡Z Avi¤¢ K‡i, Zvnv nB‡j ¯§„wZkw³ n«vm
cvIqvi AvksKv _v‡K| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ,AvwR.
nK; ÔgyLeÜ;Õ c„: 9-30]
KviY `yÕwUi mgv‡jvPbv
1. KviY `yÕwUi ¯^c‡¶ Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji †Kvb mg_©b
†bB| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ kwiqZx Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i
e¨w³MZ AwfgZ gvÎ| Dnv‡Z †jL‡Ki wk¶vMZ
†hvM¨Zv I AcwicK¡ ag©Áv‡bi cwi¯‹vi GKwU Qwe
enb K‡i|
2. nvw`m msMÖvnKMY ivex‡`i KvQ †_‡K wbw`©ó w`b
ZvwiL D‡j−Lmn nvw`m msMÖn K‡ibwb| AZGe
wb‡lavÁvi nvw`m¸wj †h Ô†Kvivb byRy‡ji cÖ_g
hy‡MiÕ ZvI Zv‡`i GKvš— e¨w³MZ Abygvb gvÎ| nhiZ
AveyeKi I nhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] nvw`m †cvov‡bv I
Ab¨vb¨ NUbv¸wj byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi c‡i GgbwK
gnvbexi [mv] Idv‡Zi c‡iB †h msNwUZ n‡qwQj Zv
kvqL‡`i fz‡j _vKvi K_v bq!
3. cieZ©x hy‡M ivQyj KZ„©K wb‡lavÁvi nvw`mwU iwnZ ev
cÖZ¨vnvi Kivi A_ev Zvi Rxebx wj‡L ivLvi wb‡`©k
msewjZ Ggb †Kvb nvw`m †bB| ZrKv‡j wewfbœ
ivRv-ev`kvi wbKU wjwLZ wPwV cÎ, wewfbœ A‡ji
Qvnvev‡`i wjwLZ civgk©¸wj gnv bexi Rxebx ev
nvw`m wj‡L ivLvi wb‡`©k ev AbygwZ cÖgvwYZ nq bv|
KviY, ÒivQyj K‡i‡Qb, ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj †gŠb
†_‡K‡Qb BZ¨vw`‡K nvw`m e‡jÓ G myÎwUi Rb¥ nq
ivQy‡ji Idv‡Zi cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i| hw`I †K ev
Kviv D³ myÎwUi Avwe®‹viK; Zvi †Kvb wbw`©óAwbw`©ó cwiPq AvRI †KD Rv‡bb bv, nvw`m
†dKnvqI †Kvb cÖgvY †bB|

4. †Kvivb nvw`m ci¯úi wg‡k hvIqvi †KvbB my‡hvM
wQj bv| KviY Awn nIqvi m‡½ m‡½B ivQyj ¯^qs
Ges KwZcq QvnvevMY wj‡L ivLvi Rb¨ g‡bvbxZ
wQ‡jb| Abyiƒc nvw`m †jLvi Rb¨ I B”Qv Ki‡j
A_ev cÖ‡qvRb _vK‡j gnvbex Ab¨ GK `j‡K wbhy³
Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb| Ggb wK byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi wØZxq
hy‡MI wZwb Ggb †Kvb c`‡¶c †bb wb|
5. Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, gnvKwe gvB‡Kj gay‡mva`b `Ë GKB
mgq GKB †Uwe‡j e‡m, GKB m‡½ 5 Lvwb Dcb¨vm
5 Rb kÖ“wZ †jLKØviv †jLvB‡Zb| wZwb GKB m‡½
GKUvi ci GKUv ej‡Z _vK‡Zb Ges †jLKMY wj‡L
†h‡Zb| wKš‘ KLbI Kwei ejvi g‡a¨ Ges †jLK‡`i
†jLvi g‡a¨ mswgkªY n‡Zv bv| c¶vš—‡i gnvbex gvÎ
`yÕ†Uv welqI wK Z`ª“c wjLvB‡Z cvi‡Zb bv! Ggb wK
cÖv_wgK ¯‹z‡ji QvÎMYI evsjv LvZvq BwZnvm,
f‚‡Mv‡ji LvZvq weÁvb wj‡Lb bv|
6. bRi“j, iex›`ªbv_ I jvjY MxwZ GKB KvM‡R GKB
c„ôvq †jLv n‡jI Zv wg‡k hvIqvi †Kvb c_ †bB|
KviY, cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki †jLvi fve-f½x, Mv¤¢xh©, myi I
Zv‡ji ¯^Zš¿Zvi myKwVY cÖvPxi i‡q‡Q| GB Ava¨vwÍK
cÖvPxi †f‡½ wgwk‡q †djvi ¶gZv we‡k¦i †Kvb
cwÛ‡ZiB †bB|
7. gnvbex Ggb wK K_v ev KvR K‡i‡Qb, hv ZrKv‡j
wj‡L ivL‡j ev †Kviv‡bi mv‡_ hr mvgvb¨ wg‡k †M‡j
Òfqven AvKvi aviY Ki‡Z cv‡i!Ó †h bexi cweÎ
gyL †_‡K Avj−vni Awn wbm„Z n‡q‡Q, wVK †mB bexi
K_v ev K‡g© †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ fqven ev ûgwK ¯^iƒc
n‡e! Ggb wek¦vm Agymwjg cvM‡jiI Kiv DwPr bq|
welqwU Av‡iv †Lvjvmv K‡i wj‡L‡Q †gvm‡jg
nvw`‡m, hv kvqL AvwRRyj nK mv‡ne bKj Ki‡Z
wM‡qI Zv †Mvcb †i‡L‡Qb| †mwU co‡j cÖK…Z

35

ag©fxi“M‡Yi ˆah¨©nviv nIqvi AvksKv Av‡Q, †`Lyb:
ÒZvQvov Kzivb gwR` I nvw`m kixd mgfv‡e wjwce×
Kivi d‡j nq‡Zv A‡b‡Ki g‡b Kzivb I nvw`‡mi
mg-gh©v`v ev nvw`‡mi ¸i“Z¡ Kzivb gwR‡`i PvB‡Z
AwaK †`qv nBZ| Zv‡Z gvby‡li wn`v‡q‡Zi ¯’‡j
†Mvgivn nBZ|Ó [†gvm‡jg, 1g LÊ Av. dvËvn fyBqv,
fywgKv, c„:56]
cÖPwjZ kwiqZ gnvbexi ¸Y-Mvb †M‡q‡Qb hZ, Kzrmv
iUbv K‡i‡Qb Zvi j¶ ¸Y †ewk| Dwj−wLZ AwfgZwU
gnvbexi Rxebv`k© Ges hveZxq Kg©KvÛ GgbwK Zvui
bex‡Z¡i Dc‡i Pig KzVvivNvZ K‡i‡Qb| Kw_Z nq nvw`m
†Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v, ivQy‡ji cweÎ Rxebv`k©; Kw_Z nq
ivQy‡ji GKwU mybœZ AbymiY Ki‡j Zvi Rb¨ †e‡n¯—
Awbevh©| Zvi Av`k©, Abycg Rxeb PwiZ m¤^‡Ü ¯^qs
Avj−vnB †Kviv‡b wbLyuZ mv¶x †`q| †mB ivQy‡ji nvw`m
mivmwi ev †ewk †ewk AbymiY Ki‡j Ôgvbyl †n`v‡q‡Zi
cwie‡Z© †Mvgivn& n‡e!Õ G‡Z wK cÖgvY nq bv †h ivQy‡ji
hveZxq KvR-Kg© †Kviv‡bi wecixZ wQj Ges wZwb wb‡RB
†Mvgivn& wQ‡jb! (gvd)| †h nvw`m †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ †Mvgivn&
I ûgwK ¯^iƒc e‡j ¯^qs kwiqZ †NvlYv K‡i †mB nvw`m
gnvbexi nvw`m, †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v e‡j wek¦vm Ki‡j Zvi
†gvmjgvwbZ¡ eRvq _v‡K wK bv! Zv †f‡e †`Lvi mgq
Avmbœ| m‡e©vcwi, cÖPwjZ kwiqZ nvw`m‡K †Kviv‡bi D‡a©
¯’vb w`‡q‡Q e‡jB †Kviv‡bi evYx cÖPvi Ki‡Z †M‡j H
nvw`m w`‡qB Zvi wei“‡× Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o †Zv‡j|
8. Qvnvev‡`i ¯§„wZkw³ n«vm-e„w×i Rb¨ bex‡`i AvMgb
nq bv| GUv Zv‡`i `vqx‡Z¡i Aš—f©~³ bq| ejvevûj¨
†Kvivb †jLvi †¶‡Î Qvnvev‡`i ¯§„wZkw³i g~j¨vqb
Kiv nq wb!
9. AZtci cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i Kw_Z Ges `jxq Bgvg
†gvnv‡ÏmM‡Yi Dci ivQy‡ji Rxebx †jLvi `vwqZ¡

eZ©vq bv Ges webv wePv‡i Zv gvbv bv gvbvi kZ©
‡Kvivb wei“× I D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z|
10. †Kvivb ¯^Zš¿; Kv‡iv m‡½ wg‡k hvIqvi wZj gvÎ
my‡hvM †bB
Ges kwiq‡Zi g‡ZB Zvi msi¶K GKgvÎ Avj−vn;
GwU GKvwaK evi †Kviv‡b P¨v‡jÄ Kiv n‡q‡Q|
AZGe kvqL, Avj−vgvMY †Kvivb gv‡bb bv e‡j †KD
Zv‡`i wei“‡× gvgjv Ki‡j wePviK Avmvgx‡`I
Agymwjg †Nvlbv ev mmªg Kviv`Û w`‡Z eva¨| gvÎ
`yÕwUi D×…wZ †`qv n‡jv:
K. BbKzbZzg-- Qv‡`K¡xb [2: evKviv-23] A_©: Avwg
ev›`vi Kv‡Q hv Awn K‡iwQ, Zv‡Z †Zvgv‡`i †Kvb
m‡›`n _vK‡j, †Zvgiv Bnvi Abyiƒc GKwU gvÎ Qyiv
iPbv Ki Ges †Zvgviv hw` mZ¨ev`x n‡qB _vK Z‡e
Avj−vn Qvov †Zvgv‡`i mKj Ávbx Avj−vgv‡`i mvnvh¨
bvI|
L. Bbœv AvjvBbv Rvgvû A-KziAvbvn [75: †Kqvgvt17]| A_©: Bnvi msi¶Y I cvV KivBevi `vwqZ¡
AvgviB|
GLv‡b ¯úó †h, †Kvivb msi¶Y Kivi `vwqZ¡ Avj−vni|
wKš‘ kwiq‡Zi †k‡iKx wek¦vm †h †Kvivb msi¶‡Yi `vwqZ¡
nv‡dR-K¡vix I msKjK‡`i! G‡`i mvnvh¨ mn‡hvMxZv
wb‡qB Avj−vn ‡Kvivb msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb! wKš‘:
1. nv‡dR-msKjKMYI giYkxj, ZvQvov we‡k¦i mKj
nv‡d‡Ri Ghver cysLvbycysLfv‡e †Kvivb gyL¯— Av‡Q wK
bv! Zv cix¶v wb‡jB Zvi mZ¨Zv cÖgvwYZ n‡e| wKš‘
Ggb cix¶vi m¤§yLxb Zviv KLbI nb wb Ges nIqvi
mvnmI †bB| Ggb D‡`¨vM wb‡j kZKiv 2 fvM nv‡dR
K…ZKvh© n‡eb wK bv m‡›`n Av‡Q| AZGe Zv‡`i
gva¨‡g †Kvivb msiw¶Z _vKvi †Kvb hyw³ †bB|
‡Kvivb evi evi †Nvlbv Ki‡Q †h, ÔAvj−vn Zv‡`i

36

gyLv‡c¶x bb|Õ
2. Avi hviv fv‡eb †h msKj‡bi gva¨‡g Avj−vn msi¶Y
K‡i‡Qb| Zviv Rv‡bb †h c~‡e© †Kviv‡bi 7 iK‡gi
msKjb cÖPwjZ wQj,eZ©gv‡b 2 Rb Kvixi msKjbcvV cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| A_©vr 7wU Aviex AvÂwjK fvlvq
†Kvivb msKwjZ wQj GLb gvÎ 2wU cvV Pvjy Av‡Q|
wKš‘ 2wU cvV msi¶Y Avj−vni AwfcÖvq n‡Z cv‡i bv|
3. †Kvivb Lyj‡jB †`Lv hvq †h g°x Qyiv¸wj †Kviv‡bi
†k‡l Ges gv`vbx Qyiv¸wj cÖ_‡g, A_©vr D‡jvU-cvjU
K‡i msKjb Kiv n‡q‡Q| †Kviv‡bi mywP‡Z †jLv
_v‡K 6,666wU AvqvZ wKš‘ cvIqv hvq 6,236wU|
ZvQvovI Av‡jg‡`i g‡a¨ msKjb wb‡q we¯—i gZ‡f`
I weZK© Av‡Q| [we¯—vwiZ †`Lyb: Ô†Kvivb msKjb
weZ‡K©i D‡×©!,Õ I Ô†Kvivb bv †evSvi KviYÕ Aa¨vq]
myZivs Ômsi¶YÕ kãwUi Zvrch© G‡Kev‡iB A¯úó|
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm Avj−vn AZx‡Zi †Kvb MÖš’B msi¶Y
K‡ibwb GKgvÎ †KvivbB msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb| g~jZt
AZx‡Zi mKj MÖš’B Avj−vn ¯^qs msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb weavq
cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a nhiZ Av`g †_‡K AwaKvsk bex‡`i
BwZnvm ci¤úivq bex‡`i gva¨‡g Avj−vn ¯^qs cybt cybt
cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb Ges †Kvb bexB Avj−vni mvnvh¨ Qvov
nv‡dR ev †Kvb msKj‡bi mvnvh¨ †bb wb| b¨vq-Ab¨vq,
LywU-bvwU GgbwK Aby-cigvYy welq¸wjI NUv gvÎB Avj−vn
ZrbM` msi¶Y K‡ib; Avi †m AbyhvqxB Kw_K nvk‡ii
w`‡b Avj−vn wePvi gxgvskv Ki‡eb| Av`g-Bwe−m,
†divDb, bgiƒ` BZ¨vw` BwZnvm Avj−vn †Kvb MÖš’ ev
nv‡d‡Ri gva¨‡g msi¶Y K‡i ivQyj‡K wkLvbwb|
ag© m¤^‡Ü e¨w³MZ AwfgZ ev d‡Zvqv cwinvi
mK‡ji Rb¨B Acwinvh©¨ Ávb Kiv DwPr| Ab¨_vq Kzdzix
†nZz Rvnvbœv‡gi AvksKv Awbevh¨©|
*

15 nvw`m mg_©‡b †Kviv‡bi †h mKj AvqvZ e¨eüZ nq
c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, cÖPjwZ nvw`m¸wj
Kw®§bKv‡jI Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K
hvPvB-evQvB K‡ib wb, GgbwK AvRI Zv inm¨RbK
Kvi‡Y Ki‡Z ivRx n‡”Qb bv| c¶vš—‡i, nvw`m †jLv I
Abymi‡Yi mg_©‡b wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZ¸wj mv¶x wnmv‡e
Dc¯’vcb K‡i _v‡Kb :
1. jv Kv` Kvbv-- nvQvbvZzb [33:AvnRve-21] A_©:
ivQy‡ji Rxe‡bi g‡a¨ †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ my›`iZg Av`k©
wbwnZ Av‡Q|
2. K¡yj Bb KzbZzg --ivwng [3:Bgivb-31] A_©: ej!
†Zvgiv hw` Avj−vn‡K fvjevm Z‡e Avgv‡K AbymiY
Ki, Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i fvjevm‡eb Ges †Zvgv‡`i
Aciva ¶gv Ki‡eb|
3. K¡yj--Kv‡dixb [3:Bgivb-32] A_©: ej! ÔAvj−vn I
ivQy‡ji AbyMZ nI|Õ hw` Zviv g~L wdwi‡q †bq Z‡e
†R‡b ivL Avj−vn Kvwdi‡`i cm›` K‡ib bv|
4. AvwZDj−vnv-- wgbK¡zg [4:wbQv-59] A_©: †Zvgiv
Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji Ges †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv Ávbx
Zv‡`i Av‡`k cvjb K‡iv|
5. Bqv --BDnBK¡yg [8:Avbdvj-24] †n gywgbMY! ivQyj
hLb †Zvgv‡`i Ggb wKQyi w`‡K Wv‡K hv †Zvgv‡`i
cÖvYeš— K‡i, ZLb Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji Wv‡K mvov
w`‡e|
7. -AvwZDj−vnv --A ivQyjvû [8:Avbdvj-1] -Ges
Avj−vn I Zvi ivQy‡ji AvbyMZ¨ Ki|
Ggb †ek wKQy AvqvZ i‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b; hv m¤^‡Ü Kv‡iv
†Kvb m‡›`n †bB ev †Kvb gZwe‡ivaI †bB, wKš‘ ivQyj
AvR Avi Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ †bB; Av‡`k wb‡kaI K‡ib bv

37

Ges †g‡b PjviI cÖkœ †bB, myZivs:
K. ‡Kvivb gvbv gv‡bB ivQyj‡K gvbv; ivQyj ¯^qs †Kvivb
†g‡b P‡j‡Qb, †Kvivb gvbvi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb|
†Kviv‡bi evwn‡i wZj cwigvY K_v KvR K‡ibwb;
Ki‡j ¯^qs Avj−vn Zuvi Nv‡oi wkiv †K‡U †dj‡Zb|
[`ª: 69:nvK¡v-44-47]:
L. wZb kZvãx c‡i `jxq †bZv‡`i ¯^-wjwLZ Ges Kw_Z
nvw`m¸wj‡KB †h gnvbexi K_v-KvR e‡j wek¦vm
Ki‡Z n‡e! A_ev †evLvix-‡gvm‡jg‡`i Dci
wbtkZ© Bgvb Avb‡Z n‡e! Ggb †Kvb Bw½Z-Bmviv
AvqvZ¸wj‡Z †bB|
M. gymwjg we‡k¦i cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j-Dc`‡ji ¯^Zš¿ nvw`m
i‡q‡Q| †hgb: mybœx‡`i AmsL¨ nvw`‡mi g‡a¨
†Qnv‡QËv [6 Lvwb mZ¨] wkqv‡`i AmsL¨ nvw`‡mi
g‡a¨ †Qnv LvgQv [5 Lvwb mZ¨] nvw`m Av‡Q, h_v:
Avj-K¡vdx, gvb-bv-Avn`yiƒj dvKxn, ZvnvwReyj
Avn&Kvg, bvn&Ryj evjvMv I Avj-BmwZemvi-wdgv
LyZzjxdv wgbvj AvLevi| Gfv‡e cÖ‡Z¨KwU `jDc`‡ji ¯^Zš¿ nvw`m i‡q‡Q| mK‡jB GKB ivQy‡ji
bv‡g nvw`m wj‡LI Zv‡`i g‡a¨ we¯—i gZ‡f`
i‡q‡Q| GgbwK H mg¯— Kw_Z nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K
G‡Ki `„wó‡Z Ab¨ `j Kv‡di, dv‡mK Z_v Agymwjg
e‡j MY¨ K‡i _v‡Kb| A_P H GKB AvqvZ w`‡q ¯^¯^ `‡ji wek¦vm I nvw`m¸wji c‡¶ mg_©b cÖgvY K‡i
_v‡Kb| bex Avi Avm‡eb bv e‡j †h mKj nvw`m
w`‡q cÖgvY K‡ib wVK †mB nvw`m MÖš’ w`‡qB
Avng`xqvMY cybt bex Avmvi `wjj cÖgvY †ck K‡i
_v‡Kb! G GK Awfbe nvw`m e‡U! GgZve¯’vq ‡Kvb&
Dc`‡ji msM„nxZ I Abym„Z nvw`m cÖK…Zc‡¶
ivQy‡ji Zv wba©vib Kivi ¶gZv we‡k¦i Kv‡iv †bB|
ZvÕQvov GKRb Agymwj‡gi Kv‡Q ci¯úi we‡ivax

`j-Dc`jxq †gvmjgvb‡`i msÁv `~‡f©`¨ K‡i
†d‡j‡Q; Dciš‘ gnvbex‡K Pig weZwK©Z K‡i
Zz‡j‡Q!
N. `jxq `„wó‡KvY †_‡K hvi hvi nvw`m Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q
mZ¨; Zvi wecixZ meB wg_¨v| wKš‘ wbi‡c¶
`„wó‡KvY †_‡K mZ¨-wg_¨v †KvbUvB gš—e¨ Kivi
Dcvq †bB| Z‡e †Kviv‡bi Av‡Q; †Kvivb ÔgxRvbÕ,
A_© cvj−v-evULviv; †Kvivb Ô†dviKvbÕ, A_©:mZ¨wg_¨v cv_©K¨Kvix, A_©vr KvIQvi ev Kôxcv_i|
wKš‘`j-Dc`j¸wj inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB GB cix¶vi m¤§yLxb n‡Z wKQy‡ZB ivRx bb|
*
16 wbR¯^ g‡Z hviv ag© MÖš’ iPbv K‡i
¯^ ¯^ I `jxq ¯^v‡_©i gZ& I c_ cÖwZôvi Rb¨ Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB g„Z ¸i“, †bZv I bex‡`i bv‡g wg_¨v iPbv K‡i
Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm I mg_©b Av`v‡qi †Póv Ki‡Zv|
GgbwK Avj−vni bv‡gI Awn iPbv Ki‡Zv| cÖPwjZ
nvw`m‡KI kwiqZ Ab¨ cÖKvi Awn wnmv‡eB `xN©Kvj hver
cÖPviYv Pvjv‡”Q| AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i cvkvcvwk
nvw`m, †dKnv, Dcwbl`, †U÷v‡g›U Gfv‡eB iwPZ
n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ cieZ©x bex G‡m †m mKj nvw`‡mi GKwU
gvÎ evYxI mZ¨ e‡j cieZ©x †Kvb Hkx MÖ‡š’ mwbœ‡ewkZ
K‡ib wb, eis gbyl¨ iwPZ wg_¨v ev‡bvqvU e‡j evwZj
†NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| AZGe, fwel¨‡Z Avj−vni B”Qvq KLbI
hw` bex-ivQyj Av‡mb, Z‡e ZvivI cÖPwjZ `jxq iwPZ
nvw`m¸wj †h evwZj †NvlYv Ki‡eb, Zv wek¦vm Kivi hyw³
cÖgvY †Kvivbmn AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’B enb K‡i
Pj‡Q|
G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi KwVb ûwkqvwi †`Lyb :

38

1. A-Bbœv wgbûg-- Bqvjvgyb| [3: Bgivb-78] A_©:
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ GK`j †jvK _v‡KB, hviv Ggb K‚U‡KŠk‡j [wRnŸv evuKv K‡i] K_v e‡j, hv‡Z †Zvgiv
Dnv‡K Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Ask e‡j g‡b Ki| Avm‡j
Dnv Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Ask b‡n| Zviv e‡j Dnv
Avj−vni Zid †_‡K [Awn] e¯‘Zc‡¶ Dnv Avj−vni
Zid †_‡K [Awn] bq| Zviv †R‡b ï‡bB Avj−vni
bv‡g wg_¨v e‡j|
2. A-wgbûg-- Bj−v-BqvRyb&byb| [2: evKviv-78] A_©:
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb KZK Avnv¤§K †jvK Av‡Q; hv‡`i
wg_¨v aviYv e¨ZxZ †KZve m¤^‡Ü †Kvb Ávb †bB|
Zviv ïay Aevš—i aviYv †cvlY K‡i|
3. dv-ABjyj−vRxbv-- BqvKwQeyb| [2:evKviv-79] A_©:
myZivs `~‡f©vM Zv‡`i Rb¨, hviv wbR nv‡Z †KZve
iPbv K‡i Ges Zz”Q g~j¨ [A_©, m¤§vb BZ¨vw`] cÖvwßi
Rb¨ e‡j: Bnv Avj−vni Zid †_‡K [Awn] G‡m‡Q|
Zv‡`i nvZ hv iPbv K‡i‡Q, Zvi Rb¨ kvw¯— Zv‡`i
Ges hv Zviv DcvR©b K‡i‡Q, Zvi Rb¨ kvw¯— Zv‡`i|
*
17 †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨
1. †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨ GKwU AciwUi wecixZ ;
GKwU mªóvi Ab¨wU m„wói|
2. †Kviv‡bi GKwU evYxi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i mv¶x I cÖgvY †m
evYxwU wb‡RB Ges DnvB h‡_ó I h_vmŸ©¯^| c¶vš—‡i,
nvw`‡mi GKwU evYxi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ kZ
kZ evYx GgbwK AmsL¨ Mªš’ iwPZ n‡q‡Q; Avw`Kvj
†_‡K AvR ch©š— G msKjb Pj‡QB Ges Gi weZK©
Abvw`Kvj hveZ Pj‡ZB _vK‡e|
3. †Kvivb Awn Avmvi m‡½ m‡½B ¯^qs gnv bex wb‡RB

4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

wj‡Lb/ wjLvb| Kw_Z nvw`m gnvbexi bv‡gi †`vnvB
w`‡q Zvi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i ¯^‡NvwlZ
ivQy‡ji †m‡µUvix [bv‡q‡e ivQyj] mv¯cÖ`vwqK †bZv
Dc-‡bZvMY mvavi‡Yi KvQ †_‡K ï‡b ï‡b iPbv
K‡ib|
†Kviv‡bi Dci mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦i `j-Dc`j¸wji
cÖavbZ †Kvb m‡›`n †bB; c¶vš—‡i `jxq nvw`‡mi
Dci Ab¨ `j-Dc`‡ji ‡KvbB wek¦vm †bB, ¯^xKviI
K‡i bv|
†Kvivb gnvbexi mivmwi gyL wbtm„Z evbx; nvw`m
`jxq Bgvg‡`i wew¶ß kÖ“Z Ges ¯^-n¯— wjwLZ evbx|
Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji nvw`m gv‡bB †Kvivb; †evLvix‡`i
nvw`m gv‡bB †Qnv‡QËv,†dKnv BZ¨vw`|
†Kvivb wek¦vm Kiv gv‡bB ivQy‡ji Dci Cgvb Avbv;
nvw`m wek¦vm Kiv gv‡bB †evLvix‡`i Dci Bgvb
Avbv|
kwiqZ e‡j, Ônvw`mI GKcÖKvi Awn Ges Zv Avj−vn
n‡Z †cÖwiZ|Õ cÖavbZ gvby‡li iwPZ †KZve‡K Awn
Ges †Kviv‡bi mgZyj¨ g‡b Kiv ev Zzjbv Kiv gv‡bB
Avj−vni mv‡_ kixK Kiv; hv Kzdzix †nZz ¶gvi A‡hvM¨
(3:Bgivb-78)|
*
18 mivmwi †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m

evsjv‡`k ˆ`wbK AvRv` cwÎKvi cÖwZôvZv giûg AvKivg
Luv Zuvi cÖYxZ Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ MÖ‡š’ ïay HwZnvwmK `„wó‡Kvb
†_‡K AmsL¨ nvw`m wg_¨v I fzj cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb| †m¸wj
cvVKe„›` cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a †`‡L wb‡Z cv‡ib; hvi 3wU gvÎ
nvw`m GLv‡b mwbœ‡ewkZ Av‡Q |
Bgvg †evLvixi cÖ_g L‡Û gnvbexi cweÎ cwievi
m¤^‡Ü GZ Ak−xj, RNb¨ I gvbnvwbKi nvw`m iwPZ Av‡Q;

39

hv ag©cÖvY Rbmvavi‡Yi nvw`‡mi cÖwZ Awek¦vm, m‡›`n,
N„Yv Ges weiƒc cÖwZwµqvi f‡q AvRI g~j MÖ‡š’i nvw`m¸wj
avivevwnK I ûeû cÖKvk Ki‡Z mvnm cv‡”Qb bv| wewfbœ
e½vbyev‡` nvw`‡mi µwgK b¤^‡i Miwgj _vKv Gi GKwU
Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY|
wb‡æ wKQy msL¨K nvw`‡mi DØ„wZ †`qv n‡q‡Q, hv
†Kviv‡bi mivmwi wecixZ; G Qvov AmsL¨ nvw`m i‡q‡Q
hv hyw³ cÖgvbnxb, KvÛÁvbnxb I ev¯—e weewR©Z| cÖKvk
_v‡K †h, Qvnvev Avey †nvivqiv [‡QvU weov‡ji evc]
5,374wU nvw`m eY©bv K‡ib Ges GB mgy`q nvw`mB
†Kvivb wei“×; Zvi cÖgvY¯^iƒc Rbve AvwRRyj n‡Ki Dw³wU
j¶¨Yxq:
Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ Gi †jLK AvKivg Luv nvw`m cix¶vi
KZK¸wj aviv wba©viY K‡i‡Qb; Gi Ab¨Zg avivwU Giƒc:
Ò†Kviv‡b †h mKj NUbvi D‡j−L Av‡Q, †Kvb BwZnv‡m ev
PwiZ cy¯—‡K GgbwK nvw`‡mi †iIqv‡ZI hw` Zvi wecixZ
†Kvb K_v ewY©Z nq, Z‡e †Kviv‡bi wec‡¶ Ab¨ mKj cy¯—
‡Ki ev ivexi eY©bv‡K Avgiv AMÖvn¨-Awek¦vm¨ ewjqv
wba©viY Kwie|Ó
Dwj−wLZ avivwUi wei“‡× Rbve AvwRRyj nK e‡jb,
ÒZvnvi GB wbq‡gi K_vUv LyeB my›`i I mwVK, wKš‘ cÖkœ
nBj GB †h, wecixZ nIqvUv mve¨¯— Kwi‡e †K Ges wKiƒc
†jv‡K? Luv giû‡gi b¨vq åvš— gZev` I g‡bvweKviMÖ¯’
¯^í Gjgavix †jvK‡K †Kviv‡bi wecixZ welq mve¨¯—
Kivi my‡hvM †`Iqv nB‡j †Kvb bexi †Kvb †gv‡Rhv Ges
Avey †nvivqiv [iv] ewY©Z 5,374 Lvbv nvw`m †Kviv‡bi
wecixZ mve¨¯— nBqv aivc„ó nB‡Z gywQqv hvB‡e| [`ª:
†evLvix, 5g LÛ; AvwRRyj nK; †gv¯Zdv Pwi‡Zi
DcµwgKvi mgv‡jvPbv Aa¨vq; c„: 21]
nK mv‡n‡ei gš—e¨wU mg~n †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ cÖKvk¨
AeÁv ¯^iƒc e‡U! ag©Ávb Z_v †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ mvgvb¨

m¤§vb‡eva _vK‡j Giƒc gš—e¨ Ki‡Z mvnmx n‡Zb bv| G
Kvi‡YB †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K nvw`m cix¶vq cÖPwjZ
kwiqZ ivRx bb| Dciš‘ mgMÖ bv‡q‡e ivQyj‡`i Av‡jg,
AcÖwZØw›Ø Av‡jg‡`i Av‡jg m¤§vwbZ giûg AvKivg
Luv‡K AvwRRyj nK mv‡ne RNb¨ fvlvq MvjvMvwj
K‡i‡Qb, hv MÖvg¨ gyL© †jvK‡`i c‡¶I †kvfv cvq bv|
wbæewY©Z †Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Zi cvkvcvwk wKQy nvw`m
ewY©Z n‡q‡Q, Bnv QvovI ciewZ© cÖwZ‡e`b¸wj‡ZI
AmsL¨ nvw`m ewY©Z Av‡Q,hv †Kviv‡bi wecixZ|
cvVKe„›` †Kvivb gvb‡eb bv nvw`m gvb‡eb Zv Zv‡`i
wbR¯^ welq:
†Kvivb:
1| K. AZvÕgyiƒbvbœv-Qv wej
wewi© A ZvÃvDbv AvbdzQvK¡zg A
Avš‘g Zvrjybvj wKZv-ev
Avdvjv ZvwK¡jyb [2:evKviv44] A_©: †Zvgiv gvbyl‡K
mrKv‡Ri wb‡`©k `vI Avi
wb‡R‡`i‡K fz‡j _vK ?
†Zvgiv †KZve co A_P
†Zvgiv eyS bv?
L. ABDevwq¨by Av-Bqv-wZnx
wjbœv-wQ
jv
Avj−vûg
BqvZvRvK¡viƒb
[2:evKviv221] A_©: wZwb gvby‡li Rb¨
¯^xq weavb mnR mijfv‡e e¨³
K‡ib, hv‡Z Dnv †_‡K wk¶v
MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡i|

nvw`m:
1|
K. Avãyj−v Be‡b gvQyy`
†_‡K
ewY©Z:
ivQyjvj−vn
e‡j‡Qb, Ô†h e¨w³ Avj−vni
wKZv‡ei GKwU nid [A¶i] cvV
K‡i †m Zvi e`jvq GKwU †bKx
cv‡e| Avi GKwU †bKx n‡e
10wU †bKxi mgvb| Avwg
Avwjd, jvg, wgg-†K GKwU
nid ejwQ bv eis ÔAvwjdÕ
GKwU, ÔjvgÕ GKwU, ÔwggÕ GKwU
nid|Õ
L. Avãyj−vn Ge‡b AveŸvm [iv]
†_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb,
ÔGKw`b wReªvBj bexi [mv]
wbKU e‡m wQ‡jb| wZwb Dci
†_‡K wKQy AvIqvR ï‡b gv_v
DwV‡q †`L‡jb Ges ej‡jb,
GwU n‡jv AvKv‡ki GKwU

40

M. KvRv-wjKv BDevwq¨byj−v-û
jvKzg Av-Bqv-wZwn jvÕ
Avj−vKzg ZvÕwK¡jyb [2:evKviv242] A_©: Gfv‡eB Avj−vn
Zvi weavb c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©
K‡ib, hv‡Z †Zvgiv eyS‡Z
cvi|
N.
AjvK¡v`
RvivÕbvwjR¡vnvbœvgv--M¦v-wdjyb| [7:
Avivd -179] A_©: Avwg‡Zv
eû R¡xb I gvbe‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi
Rb¨ m„wó K‡iwQ; hv‡`i ü`q
Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv Dcjwä K‡i
bv; Zv‡`i P¶z Av‡Q wKš‘
ZØviv †`‡L bv; Ges Zv‡`i
Kvb Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv kªeY K‡i
bv| Bnviv cïi b¨vq; eis Dnv
A‡c¶vI AwaK weåvš—; Bnviv
Mvwdj|
O. ABqvR¡ Avjy wiR¡Qv Avjvj−vRxbv--jv-BqvwK¡jyb|
10: BDbyQ-100] A_©: Ges
hviv eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv,
Zv‡`i Dci Avj−vn gqjv
[weóv] wb‡¶c K‡ib|
P.gvQvjyj−vRxbv--K¡vDgv¾vwjgxb [62: Rygyqv-5] A_©:
hv‡`i‡K ZvIiv‡Zi `vwqZ¡
fvi †`qv n‡qwQj, Zviv Dnv
enb Qvov ey‡S AbymiY K‡i

`iRv| AvR‡Ki w`‡b GUv
†Lvjv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ BwZc~‡e©
Avi †Kvb w`b GUv †Lvjv nq
wb| Zvici GB `iRv w`‡q
GKRb
‡d‡i¯—v
AeZiY
Ki‡jb| wReªxj ej‡jb, ÔGB
†d‡i¯—vwU c„w_ex‡Z AeZiY
Ki‡Q| BwZc~‡e© †m Avi KL‡bv
AeZiY K‡i wb|Õ wdwi¯—vwU
Zv‡K Qvjvg Kij Ges ejj,
Ômymsev` MÖnY Ki“b; hv
Avcbv‡K †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges
Avcbvi c~‡e© Avi †Kvb bex‡K
†`qv nq wb| †m `yÕwU n‡”Q Qyiv
dv‡Znv I Qyiv evKvivi †kl
AvqvZ| †m¸wji †Kvb GKwU
A¶i co‡jB Avcbv‡K Zvi
†Qvqve †`qv n‡e|Õ

Q. Avdvjv- Bqv Zv`veŸviƒbvj
K¡ziÕAvbv Avg Avjv K¡zjyweb
AvK¡vdv-jynv [47: †gvnv¤§`24]
A_©: Z‡e wK Zviv †Kvivb
m¤^‡Ü M‡elYv K‡i bv! bv
Zv‡`i Aš—i Zvjve×!!
[nvw`‡mi `ª: 1| K) wiqv`ym mv‡jnxb, 3q LÛ, †gvRv‡¤§j
nK, c„: 57; L) H, c„: 67]
GLv‡b gvÎ 7wU D`vniY †`qv n‡q‡Q| Kg K‡i n‡jI
†Kviv‡b GK k‡ZiI D‡×© Abyiƒc AvqvZ i‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i
†Kvivb co‡j †Qvqve, ïb‡j †Qvqve, cov‡j †Qvqve,
gyL¯— Ki‡j †Qvqve; GgbwK co‡Z bv Rvb‡j ïay gvÎ c„ôvi
Dc‡i Av½yj †U‡b †M‡jI †Qvqve; G ai‡bi eû nvw`m
d‡Zvqv eûKvj a‡i mgv‡R cÖPvwiZ I cÖwZwôZ n‡q Av‡Q|
Av‡jvP¨ wReªvB‡ji Dcw¯’wZ‡Z Ges Zv‡K wWw½‡q
Avevi †Kvb& bvg bv Rvbv †d‡i¯—v AeZxY© n‡q Awn cÖ`vb
Ki‡jv A_P Zv †Kviv‡b ¯’vb bv cvIqvi KviY m‡›`nRbK
e‡U!
†Kvivb
nvw`m
2| A-Bqvm AvjybvKv -- 2| K. wewe Avqkv [iv] †_‡K
gyZvZ¡vwnixb| [2: evKviv-222] ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg I bex
A_©: †jv‡K †Zvgv‡K nv‡qR [mv] AcweÎ Ae¯’vq GKB cvÎ
m¤^‡Ü wRÁvmv K‡i, ej! Dnv n‡Z cvwb wb‡q GKB m‡½

41

AmywP| myZivs †Zvgiv nv‡qR
Kv‡j ¯¿x m½ eR©b Ki‡e Ges
cweÎ bv nIqv ch©š— mnevm
Ki‡e bv| AZGe Zviv hLb
DËgiƒ‡c cwiï× nq ZLb
Zv‡`i wbKU †mfv‡e Mgb
Ki‡e †hfv‡e Avj−vn Av‡`k
w`‡q‡Qb|
Avj−vn
AbyZßKvix‡K fv‡jvev‡mb,
hviv cweÎ _v‡K Zv‡`i
fv‡jvev‡mb|

†MvmjLvbvq †Mvmj KiZvg,
Zvi wb‡`©‡k FZzi Kvco cwiavb
KiZvg| AZtci wZwb Avgvi
m‡½ wgkv-wgwk Ki‡Zb|

L. wewe Avqkv †_‡K ewY©Z:
wZwb e‡jb, Avgv‡`i †Kn
FZzeZx n‡j Ges †m Ae¯’vq
ivQyjvj−vn [mv] Zvi m‡½
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Z PvB‡j Zv‡K
FZzi cÖve‡j¨i mgq FZzi
KwU‡ek civi wb‡`©k w`‡Zb,
AZtci wZwb Zvi m‡½
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb|
M. gvqgybv [iv] †_‡K ewY©©Z:
wZwb e‡jb, ivQyj−vn [mv] Zvi
†Kvb ¯¿xi m‡½ FZz Ae¯’vq
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Z PvB‡j, Zv‡K
FZzi KwU‡ek civi wb‡`©k
w`‡Zb|
N. Avey †nvivqiv [iv] †_‡K
ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, GK`v bex
[mv] K‡qK Rb Qvnvevmn GK
gRwj‡k e‡mwQ‡jb| Ggb mgq
GKwU †jvK †`uŠ‡o G‡m ejj,

[nvw`m myÎ: 2| K,L I M: †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvaywbK
cÖKvkbx, c„:159; N) nvw`‡Q ivQyj, Avjx nvq`vi; 1g
cÖKvk;ZvR †Kvs;]
bvix‡`i nv‡q‡Ri mgqKvjxb †Kviv‡bvwj−wLZ wewa
wb‡lawU wbZvš— mnR-mij, hvi cybt e¨vL¨v wb¯cÖ‡qvRb|

42

AvqvZwU‡Z cÖavb `yÕwU wb‡`©k: 1. H mgq wewe m½
eR©b, 2. Ges msMg eR©b| we‡k¦i †Kvb Abyev‡`B Gi
gZvš—i ev gZwe‡iva †bB| msM eR©b ej‡Z: †hŠbv‡e‡M
aiv, †Qvqv, nvwm-VvÆv, K_vevZ©v, is-Zvgvkv, gm&Kiv
BZ¨vw` LyuwUbvwU mKj welq †_‡K weiZ _vKv eySvq| G
we‡kl mgqUv gv-Lvjv, †evb I Avcb Kb¨v‡`i m‡½
mvaviYZ †hgb m¤úK© I †hvMv‡hvM _v‡K; FZzeZx ¯¿xi
mv‡_I Z`ªƒc m¤úK© eRvq †i‡L Pjvi cwi¯‹vi Bw½Z enb
K‡i Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z|
gv‡mi gvÎ 3/4wU w`b BZ¨vw` †_‡K weiZ _vKv †Kvb
†gv‡gb GgbwK mvaviY †jv‡Ki c‡¶I Am¤¢‡ei wKQy bq;
hv‡`i GKvwaK wewe eZ©gvb _v‡K, Zv‡`i c‡¶ welqwU
†Kvb welqB bq| c¶vš—‡i, GKRb bex, AZtci 9/11
Rb wewe eZ©gvb _vK‡Z, FZzeZx wewe‡`i mv‡_ gvLvgvwL,
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb e‡j nvw`m iwPZ n‡q‡Q| Avi GRb¨
ixwZgZ FZzi wbw`©ó Kvco civi wb‡`©k w`‡Zb, AZtci
gvLvgvwL Ki‡Zb!! nvw`m †eËvMY Ôgyev-kvivZzbÕ Gi A_©
K‡i‡Qb, ÔgvLvgvwLÕ, ÔwgkvwgwkÕ| wKš‘ Dnvi A_© cÖavbZt
Ôm½gÕ! [`ª: AvaywbK evsjv Aviex Awfavb; gvIjvbv
gywnDwÏb]| AZGe nvw`m †eËvMY g~jZt wK ej‡Z Pv‡”Qb
ZvÕ ¯úó bq, Avevi cwi¯‹viI e‡U! ZeyI gvÎ gvLvgvwLi
Kvg cÖe„wËUzKzI [nvw`m g‡Z] `gb Ki‡Z wZwb m¶g nb wb!
AZtci wewe Avqkvi [iv] `vw¤¢Kc~Y© Dw³ [nvw`m g‡Z]
Ò†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †K bexi gZ Kvg cÖe„wË `gb Ki‡Z
m¶g|Ó Dw³UzKzi gš—e¨ Ki‡Z MÛ gyL© †jv‡KiI i“wP‡Z
evavi K_v| nvw`mwU Rbve †evLvix iPbv bv K‡i eis Zvi
wewe iPbv Ki‡j †f‡e wP‡š— iPbv Ki‡Zb| KviY, ¯^vgx¯¿xi gvLvgvwLi `i“b Aš—Z weweM‡Yi wK nvj nwKKZ nq
Zv Bgvg †evLvix mv‡neMY bv Rvb‡jI Zv‡`i weweMY
Aek¨B Rvb‡Zb| D‡j−wLZ 4 bs nvw`mwU †hb AR cvov
Mv‡qi MÛ g~L© bvU¨Kv‡ii iPbv| gnvbex nv‡q‡Ri eqm,

i‡³i is BZ¨vw`i mv¶¨ mvey` wb‡q K‡qK w`bvi
Kvddvivi wb‡`©k w`‡qB ¶vš— n‡jb! gvÎ GKwUev‡ii
Rb¨I mveavb K‡i w`‡jb bv †h, G Ae¯’vq ¯¿x wgjb
†Kviv‡b nvivg †NvwlZ Av‡Q, AZGe Ô†Zvev Ki, wØZxq
evi Avi †hb bv Ki|Õ eis mvgvb¨ Kvddvivi wewbgq
mKj Ae¯’vq FZzeZx wewei m‡½ mnev‡mi ˆeaZvi ivq
w`‡jb! Dwj−wLZ nvw`m¸wj gnv bexi Dw³ e‡j hw` †Kn
wek¦vm K‡i, Z‡e Zvi †gvmjgvbxZ¡ _vK‡e wK bv Zv †f‡e
†`Lv Ri“ix|
nvw`m¸wj AjsK…Z n‡Z n‡Z Ggb ch©vq G‡m‡Q, hv
j¾v ki‡gi gv_v †L‡q wjL‡Z eva¨ njvg:
ewikv‡ji R‰bK kwiqZx giûg cxi, Zvi cÖYxZ
Ô†gvK‡Q`yj †gv‡gbx‡bÕ wj‡L‡Qb, ÒFZzeZx wewei †jv‡Q
[Di“‡Z] cyi“l A½ NlvNwl K‡i exh©cvZ NUv‡bv hv‡qR
Av‡Q|Ó R‰bK †Mvjvg ingvb cÖYxZ H GKB bv‡gi MÖ‡š’
wj‡L‡Qb, Ònv‡qR Ae¯’vq wj½ g`©b nvjKv †`vl|Ó
Bgvg †evLvix‡`i Dci Cgvb G‡b, gnvbexi bv‡g
RNY¨ wg_¨v Kj¼ gymjgvbMY AvR †`o nvRvi ermi hver
enb K‡i Pj‡Q| `jxq ¯^v_© I Avcb Ak−xj †`vl-ΓwU
XvKvi Rb¨ gnv bexi cweÎ bv‡gi †`vnvB w`‡q nvw`m¸wj
iwPZ n‡q‡Q e‡j m‡›`n Kiv hvq| G¸wji Dci
Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm AR©b I `„wó ni‡Yi Rb¨ AwZ mvaviY
I †MŠY welq wKQy mZ¨ K_v nvw`‡m wj‡L‡Q e‡U! wKš‘ Zvi
Avov‡j †Kviv‡bi g~j I †gŠwjK wfwËi Dci gnv bexi
e¨w³Z¡ Z_v cyZ cweÎ cwiev‡ii Dci Awek¦vm¨ iƒ‡c
AbwaKvi PP©v K‡i‡Qb|
†Kvivb:
nvw`m:
3| Ajv-ZvR¡nvi weQvjv-wZKv 3| K. Avey gvÕgvi [iv] e‡jb,
Ajv-ZzLvwdZ
wenv- Avgiv LveŸve‡K wRÁvmv
AeZ¡vwM evBbv Rv-wjKv Kijvg, ÔivQyj wK †Rvni I

43

AvQ‡ii bvgv‡R wKQy co‡Zb?Õ
wZwb ej‡jb Ônu¨v!Õ Avgiv
wRÁvmv Kijvg, ÔAvcbviv
wKiƒ‡c ÁvZ n‡jb?Õ wZwb
ej‡jb, ÔivQy‡ji [mv] `uvwo
†gveviK †h bov Pov Ki‡Zv, Zv
j¶¨ K‡iB Avgiv Dnv Dcjwã
Kijvg|Õ
L. Qvnvev Avey †nvivqiv [iv]
e‡jb, Ôbvgv‡R me ivKv‡ZB
†Kviv‡bi Ask we‡kl co‡Z nq
†hme bvgv‡R ivQyj [mv] mk‡ã
†KivZ co‡Zb, AvgivI †m me
bvgv‡R Hiƒc cwoe| †h me
bvgv‡R wZwb wbtk‡ã co‡Zb,
AvgivI Hiƒc cwoe|Õ
[nvw`m myÎ: 3| K) †evLvix, 1g LÛ AvwR. nK; c„: 245;
L) H, c„:247-48]
Qvwejv|
[17:ewb-BmªvBj110] A_©: cÖv_©bvi ¯^i DPz
wKsev AwZkq ¶xY KwiI bv|
eis G `y‡qi ga¨g c_ Aej¤^b
KwiI|

kwiqZ ¯^-Áv‡b ¯^-B”Qvq Ges D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB
†h gnv bexi †e-B¾wZ Z_v Bmjv‡gi wkKo DrcvU‡bi
†h my`yi cÖmvix bxj bK&mv I my² cwiKíbv cÖbqY K‡i
Pj‡Qb Zv GLv‡bB w`‡bi Av‡jvi gZB my¯úó| Avqv‡Z
mvaviY 3wU wb‡`©k: 1. DPz ¯^‡i bq, 2. G‡Kev‡i g‡b
g‡bI bq, 3. eis ga¨g ¯^i| Av‡`k 3wU †evSvi Rb¨
nvw`m, †dKnv ev a¨vb-mvabvi `iKvi Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq
bv| c¶vš—‡i, gnv bex †Kvivb wei“× †Kvb KvR K‡i‡Qb
e‡jI †KD ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb bv| A_P wVK †h wZbwU welq
wb‡la Kiv n‡q‡Q; AweKj Ges wVK †mB 3wU welqB
mivmwi A¯^xKvi K‡i gnv bexi bv‡g nvw`m iPbv K‡i
wecixZ mybœZ Pvjy K‡i‡Qb| AevK nIqvi K_v, †KvwU

†KvwU †gvRv‡Ï` Av‡jg‡`i GKR‡bi Kv‡QI wK welqwU
aiv c‡o bv? ÔivQyj wK †Rvni I AvQ‡ii bvgv‡R wKQy
co‡Zb?Õ nvw`‡m Dwj−wLZ cÖkœwU A‡nZzK I evZzjZv
gvÎ| bvgv‡R Aek¨ Aek¨B †h wKQy †ZjvIqvZ Kiv nq Zv
bZzb K‡i ivQy‡ji `uvwo †gveviK bovPov †`‡L wek¦vm
Avbvi hyw³ †Kv_vq! wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZwU Kv‡`i cwiPq enb
K‡i Zv GKevi †f‡e †`Lv DwPr :
LvZvgvj−vû Avjv K¡zjywenxg-- AvRxg [evKviv-7] A_©:
Avj−vn Zv‡`i Kvb, Aš—i I †PvL gywo‡q AZtci wmj& K‡i
w`‡q‡Qb Ges Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q KwVb kvw¯—|
4| K. AK¡zjy Akªvey-- gvBjvj−vBj [2:evKviv-187]|
A_© : Avi †Zvgiv cvbvnvi Ki
hZ¶Y ivwÎi K…ò ‡iLv ‡_‡K
Elvi ïå †iLv cwi¯‹vifv‡e
†Zvgv‡`i wbKU cÖwZfvZ bv
nq| AZtci wbkv Mgb ch©š—
Dcevm c~Y© Ki|
L. Dwnj−v jvKzg--wbQv-BKzg,
[2:evKviv-187]
A_©: †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Dcevm
Kv‡j iv‡Z mnevm ˆea Kiv
nj|

4| K. hv‡ei Be‡b hv‡q` e‡jb:
KvgyK `„wó wb‡q wewei w`‡K
ZvKv‡j hw` exh© cvZ N‡U ZeyI
†ivhv c~Y© Ki‡e|

L. Avey †nvivqiv †_‡K ewY©Z:
bex [mv] e‡jb, †ivhv`vi hw`
fyj K‡i Lvq ev cvb K‡i, ZeyI
†m †ivqv c~Y© Ki‡e| †Kbbv
Avj−vnB
Zv‡K
cvbvnvi
Kwi‡q‡Qb|
M. †ivhv †i‡L †ivhvi K_v fy‡j
wM‡q wKQy †L‡q †d‡j, wKsev
fy‡j ¯^vgx-¯¿x mnevm n‡q hvq,
‡ivRvi K_v g‡b bv _v‡K, Z‡e
Zv‡Z †ivRv fv†½ bv| hw` f‚‡j
†cU f‡iI Lvq ev f‚‡j evi

44

eviI cvbvnvi K‡i; ZeyI †ivhv
fv‡½ bv| wKš‘ LvIqv ïi“ Kivi
ci ¯§iY nIqv gvÎB eÜ Kiv
PvB| eÜ bv K‡i mvgvb¨ wKQy
wM‡j †d‡j Zv‡Z †ivhv †f‡½
hv‡e|
N. †Kvb †ivhv`vi‡K f‚j ekZt
†L‡Z †`‡L, hw` †ivhv`vi mej
nq, Z‡e, Zv‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q
†`qv IqvwRe| hw` Zvi †ivhv
ivLvi gZ kw³ bv _v‡K, Z‡e
¯§iY KivB‡e bv|
O. †ivhv †i‡L w`‡b Nygv‡j,
¯^cœ‡`vl n‡j ev ¯^‡cœ wKQy †L‡j
†ivhv f½ nq bv|
P. avÎx cÖmywZi cÖmªv‡ei Øv‡i
Avs¸j XzKv‡j wKsev wb‡RB wbR
†hvbx‡Z XzwK‡q m¤ú~Y© Av½yj ev
wKq`sk †ei K‡i Avevi XyKv‡j
†ivRv fsM nq wKš‘ Kvddviv
IqvwRe n‡e bv| Avi hw`
Av½yj †ei Kivi ci Avevi bv
XzKvq Z‡e †ivhv bó n‡e bv|
Aek¨ cvwb BZ¨vw` Øviv Av½yj
wf‡R _v‡K Z‡e, cÖ_gev‡i
XzKv‡jB †ivhv bó n‡e|

Q. †Kvb ¯¿x‡jvK AmZK© Ae¯’vq
wb`ªv wM‡q‡Q, wKsev AÁvb
Ae¯’vq c‡o Av‡Q| †Kn Zvi
mwnZ mnevm Ki‡j [?] Zvi
†ivhv f½ n‡e| GB KvRv
IqvwRe n‡e| cyi“l †jvKwUi
Kvddviv IqvwRe n‡e|
R. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) †_‡K
ewY©Z:GK e¨vw³ bexi (mv) wbKU
G‡m AbyZv‡ci m‡½ ejj, ÔGB
e`-bwQe aŸsm n‡q‡Q|Õ bex
wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, Ô‡Zvgvi wK
n‡q‡Q?Õ †m ejj, ÔAvwg ‡ivRv
_vKvq ¯¿xmnevm K‡i †d‡jwQ|Õ
bex ej‡jb, Ô‡Zvgvi wK GKRb
µxZ`vk gy³ Kivi ¶gZv Av‡Q?Õ
†m ejj, Ôbv;Õ ivQyj ej‡jb, Ô
2 gvm †ivRv _vK‡Z cvi‡e?Õ †m
ejj, Ôbv|Õ wZwb ej‡jb, Ô 60
Rb Mixe‡K LvIqv‡Z cvi‡e?Õ
ejj, Ôbv|Õ Ggb mgq GK †jvK
eo cvÎ fiv †LRyi wb‡q Avmj|
ZLb bex H e¨w³‡K ej‡jb, ÔH
†LRyi wb‡q hvI Ges ¯^xq
†Mvbvni Kvd&dviv wnmv‡e m`Kv
`vI|Õ †m ejj,Ô Bnv wK Ggb
†jvK‡K w`e †h Avgvi †P‡q
AwaK Mixe? Avwg Kmg K‡i
ejwQ, Avgvi gZ Mixe G
GjvKvq Avi †KD †bB|Õ wZwb G
K_v ï‡b ¯^fveMZ g„`y nvwmi

45

†P‡q GKUz AwaK †n‡m (KviY
wZwb H e¨vw³i gZje eyS‡Z
†c‡iwQ‡jb) ej‡jb, ÔwVK
Av‡Q,
Zzwg
†Zvgvi
cwievieM©‡KB †L‡Z `vI|Õ

[nvw`m myÎ: 4| K) †evLvix, 2q LÛ; AvaywbK cÖKvkbx,
c„:244; L) †evLvix 2q LÛ, AvwR. nK, c„: 174; M) †_‡K
Q): †e‡n¯—x †RIi, 1g LÛ; Avkivd Avjx _vbfx, †ivhv
f½ Aa¨vq; R) †evLvix,2q LÛ; AvwR. nK,c„: 175]|]
wQqvg k‡ãi A_© Dcevm| Dcevm gv‡bB
‡hŠY†fvM,cvbvnvi †_‡K weiZ _vKv| AZGe †jv‡f †nvK
fy‡j †nvK, Dcevm iZKvjxb †h †Kvb Ae¯’vq cvbvnvi
Dcevm f½ nq| G‡Z †Kvb e¨wZµg †bB| DnvB
AvqvZwUi mnR, mij A_©| A_©vr wel †R‡b †L‡j †h
dj, bv †R‡b †L‡jI †mB GKB dj Awbevh©| G mgq ¯¿x
mnevm ˆea bq| mnevm ej‡Z †hŠbv‡e‡M †h †Kvb Kg©B
Dnvi Aaxb| c¶vš—‡i ÔRÕ bs nvw`mwU Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi
Aw¯—Z¡B A¯^xKvi K‡i‡Q|
ÔMÕ †_‡K ÔQÕ ch©š— ewY©Z aviv¸wj g„Z Avkivd Avjx
_vbfxi msKwjZ Ô†e‡nw¯— †RIiÕ 1g L‡Ûi †ivhv f‡½i
Aa¨vq ewY©Z 33wU avivi ga¨ †_‡K Pqb Kiv n‡q‡Q, H
33wU avivB ¯^ iwPZ I †Kvivb wei“×| Bnv‡Z †jLK
Av‡jg mv‡n‡ei †Kvivb weewR©Z Ak−xj I cÖKvk¨ †hŠb
weK…wZi N„b¨ I exfrm Pwi‡Îi mv¶x enb K‡i|
†Kvivb
nvw`m
5| K. gv-bvbQvL wgb-- 5| K. Ievq`v [iv] eY©bv K‡ib:
K¡vw`i [2:evKviv- 106] A_©: GK`v nhiZ gynv¤§` [mv]

[nvw`m myÎ: 5| K) †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. nK; c„: 62]
[we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv 5g Aa¨vq k‡e K`iÕ cÖwZ‡e`b
†`Lyb|]

46

†Kvivb
6| K. Bbœvj−vRxbv dvivK¡z-Bqvd Avjyb| [6:AvbAvg159] A_©: hviv ag© m¤^‡Ü
bvbv g‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q I
`‡j `‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q;
Zv‡`i Dc‡i Avcbvi †Kvb
`vwqZ¡ †bB| Zv‡`i welq
Avj−vni Dci †Q‡o w`b|
Avj−vn Zv‡`i K…ZK‡g©i Reve
w`wn Ki‡eb|
L. AÕ ZvwQgy wenvejxj−v-wn
R¡vwgqv Ajv ZvdviivK¡z| [3:
Bgivb-103] A_©: Ges
†Zvgiv mK‡j Avj−vni i¾y
gReyZfv‡e AvK‡o ai;
†Zvgiv `j Dc-`‡j wef³
nBI bv|

M. wgbvj−vRxbv-- dvwiûb|
[30: iƒg-32] A_©: hviv
wb‡R‡`i a‡g© gZ‡f` m„wó
K‡i‡Q I `j Dc-`‡j wef³
n‡q‡Q; Zviv e¨w³ gZev`
wb‡qB gË i‡q‡Q|
N. kvivAv jvK¡zg--AvjvB‡n
gvBDbœxeyb| [42: ïiv-13]
A_©: wZwb †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨

nvw`m
6| K. ivQyj e‡jb, ÒAvgvi
D¤§‡Z 73wU `j n‡e, Zvi gvÎ
GKwU `j †e‡n‡¯— hv‡e; evwK
mK‡j †`vh‡L hv‡e|Ó

L. ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, ÒAvgvi
D¤§‡Z †gvnv¤§` Ge‡b Bw`ªQ
[kv‡dC] bv‡g GKwU †jvK
Rb¥v‡e| †m Avgvi D¤§‡Zi c‡¶
Bewjm
A‡c¶vI
AwaK
AwbóKvix n‡e; c¶vš—‡i,
Avgvi D¤§‡Z Avi GKRb †jvK
n‡eb, Zv‡K Avey nvwbdv e‡j
m‡¤^vab Kiv n‡e; wZwb n‡”Qb
Avgvi D¤§‡Zi evwZ|Ó

wewae× K‡i‡Qb †mB ag© hvi
wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb byn‡K-Avi
Avwg Awn K‡iwQ †Zvgv‡K Ges
hvi
wb‡`©k
w`‡qwQjvg
Beªvnxg, gyQv I CQv‡K; GB
e‡j †h, †Zvgiv ag© cÖwZôv Ki
Ges Dnv‡Z gZ‡f` m„wó
Ki‡e bv|
O. Agv ZvdviivK¡z -evBbvûg| [ 42: ïiv-14]
A_©: Zviv eyw×gvb n‡qI
†KejgvÎ cvi¯úwiK wnsmv
we‡Ø‡li Kvi‡YB wb‡R‡`i
g‡a¨ `jv`wj I gZ‡f` NUvq|
P. Ajv- ZvKzby--AvRxg| [3:
Bgivb-105] A_©: †Zvgiv
Zv‡`i gZ nBI bv; hviv
Zv‡`i wbKU ¯úó wb`k©b
Avmvi c‡iI wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨
gZ- cv_©K¨ K‡i `j Dc`‡j
wef³ n‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i Rb¨
i‡q‡Q KwVY AvRve |
[nvw`m myÎ: 6| K I L): †evLvix, Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ; AvKivg
Luv]
Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K cÖPwjZ `j Dc-`j¸wji
Dci gnv bexi †Kvb `vwqZ¡ †bB| A_©vr Giv mK‡jB
bexnxb; AZGe, GB †KvivbI Zv‡`i bq e‡jB Zviv
c‡ob †Kvivb, gv‡bb nvw`m|
ÔLÕ bs nvw`mwU Bgvg †evLvixi [i] wbR nv‡ZB Bgvg
kv‡dCi weiƒ‡× e¨w³MZ Ges Ggb RNb¨ AvµgY †h,

47

cÖPwjZ ivRbxwZK‡`iI nvi gvwb‡q‡Q|
†Kvivb
nvw`m
7| K. Ajvb ZviØv-- bvwQi| 7| K. gnvbex e‡jb, Òïay
[2: evKviv-120] A_©: Bûw` I ighvb Qvov Ab¨ †h †Kvb gv‡mi
L„óvbMY †Zvgvi cÖwZ mš‘ó bdj †ivhvi †P‡q gynii‡gi
n‡e bv, hZ¶Y bv Zzwg Zv‡`i †ivhv m‡e©vËg|Ó
†Lqvj Lywki AbymiY Ki| ej!
Avj−vni c_B cÖK…Z c_| hw`
Zzwg Zv‡`i gZev` AbymiY
Ki, Ávb †`qvi c‡iI Z‡e,
Avj−vni wei“‡× †Zvgvi †Kvb
mvnvh¨Kvix cv‡e bv|
L. AvjvBwbËvevÕZv-- Rv- L. gnv bex e‡jb,ÒAvwg Avkv
jxwgb| [2: evKviv-145] A_©: Kwi Avïivi †ivhvi Øviv weMZ
†Zvgvi wbKU Awn Avmvi c‡i GK erm‡ii ¸Yvmg~n gvd n‡q
Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj Lywk _v‡K|Ó
AbymiY Ki Z‡e wbðqB Zzwg
Rvwjg‡`i `‡ji n‡e|
M. Kzj− AvËvweD-- gynZv`xb| M.gnv bex e‡jb, Ò†Zvgiv
[6: AvbAvg-56] A_©: ej! Avïivi †ivhv ivL Ges
Avwg †Zvgv‡`i a‡g©i AbymiY Bûw`‡`i we‡ivwaZv Ki| A_©vr
Kwi bv, Ki‡j Avwg wec_Mvgx 1w`b Av‡M ev 1w`b c‡iI 1wU
ne Ges mrc_ cÖvw߇`i `jf‚³ †ivhv ivwLI|Ó
_vK‡Z cvie bv|
N. Kzj! gv-BqvKzby-- AvRxg| N. Ge‡b AveŸvm †_‡K ewY©Z:
[10: BDbyQ-15] A_©: ej! wbR gnvbex g°v †_‡K gw`bvq
†_‡K Bnv e`jv‡bv Avgvi KvR wnRiZ K‡i †`‡Lb, gw`bvi
b‡n| Avgvi cÖwZ hv Awn nq Bûw`iv Avïivi w`b †ivhv
Avwg †Kej ZvB AbymiY Kwi| iv‡L| ûhyi Zv‡`i wRÁvmv
Avwg Avj−vni Aeva¨ n‡j Ki‡jb, Ò†Zvgiv †Kb †ivhv
gnvw`e‡mi kvw¯— †_‡K †invB ivL?Ó Zviv ejj, Gw`bwU Lye

cweÎ w`b, KviY Gw`b Avj−vn
cve bv|
O) Bbœv AvbRvjbv--LvwQgvb| †divDb I Zvi j¯‹i‡`i Wzwe‡q
[4:wbQv-105] A_©: ‡Zvgvi gv‡ib| hvi Kvi‡Y gyQv [Av]
cÖwZ mZ¨mn wKZve AeZxY© †kvKivbv †ivhv †i‡LwQ‡jb|
K‡iwQ, hv‡Z Zzwg †mB Abyqvqx ZvB Avgiv Zv‡K AbymiY Kwi|
gvby‡li g‡a¨ wePvi gxgvsmv gnvbex [mv] ej‡jb, Ò Avwg‡Zv
Ki; Ges Awek¦vmx‡`I c‡¶ †Zvgv‡`i †P‡qI gyQvi mv‡_
Nwbó m¤úK© ivwL|Ó Gici
ZK© KwiI bv|
P) [5:gv‡q`v-44-47] A_©: n‡Z wZwb wb‡R Avïivi †ivhv
hviv †Kvivb Abyhvqx wePvi ivLv ïi“ Ki‡jb| Ges Zuvi
gxgvskv K‡i bv ZvivB Kv‡di, Abymvix‡`i †ivhv ivL‡Z
Av‡`k w`‡jb|
dv‡QK I Rv‡jg|
Q. [6:AvbAvg-106] A_©:
†Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki KvQ †_‡K
hv Awn nq Zzwg ZvBB AbymiY
Ki—gykwiK‡`I †_‡K g~L
wdwi‡q jI|
R. ABb Zz‡ZD--ZvLi“`ybv|
A_©: [6: AvbAvg-116] A_©:
hw` Zzwg A‡b¨i K_v gZ Pj
Z‡e, Zviv †Zvgv‡K Avj−vni
c_ †_‡K wePz¨wZ Ki‡e; Zviv
†Zv ïay Abygv‡bi AbymiY K‡i
Ges AbygvbwfwËK K_v e‡j|
[nvw`m myÎ: 7| K I L):wiqv`ym mv‡jnxb, 3q LÛ, Av. g.
Zvwje, c„: 164, 166; M) †evLvix, m. B. wek¦ †Kvl, 1g
LÛ, c„: 86; N):†evLvix, 2q LÛ, AvwR. nK, c„: 191|]
†Kvivb
nvw`m
8| K. jv-BDKvj−xdzj−vû-- 8| K.-- [gZvš—‡i] Avbvm
eyQAvnv| [2:evKviv-286] A_©: Ge‡b gvwjK e‡jb, bex [mv]

48

Avj−vn mvg‡_©i evwn‡i Kv‡iv
Dci `vwqZ¡ †`b bv|
L. jv-byKvwj−dz bvdQvb Bj−v
eyQAvnv|
[6:AvbAvg-152]
A_©: Avwg Kv‡KI Zvi
mva¨vwZZ `vwqZ¡ Ac©Y Kwi bv|
M. H [Avivd-42]
N. QybœZv gvb-- Zvnexjv|
[17:ewb-BmªvBj-77]
A_©:
AZx‡Zi mKj bex‡`i †¶‡ÎI
wQj GKB mybœZ [weavb]| Zzwg
KLbI Avgvi mybœ‡Z †Kvb
cwieZ©b cv‡e bv|
O. dvjvb ZvwR¡`v-- Zvnexjv|
[35: dvwZi-43] A_©: Zzwg
Avj−vni mybœ‡Z [weav‡b KLbI
†Kvb i`-e`j cv‡e bv| Ges
Avj−vi mybœ‡Z KLbI †Kvb
e¨wZµgI cv‡e bv|
P. Bbœvj−v-nv-- gxÕAv` [3:
Bgivb-9] A_© : Avj−vn KLbI
Aw½Kvi f½ K‡ib bv|

e‡jb,Ô-- gnv gwng Avj−vn
Avcbvi D¤§‡Zi Dci 50
Iqv³ bvgvR diR K‡i‡Qb|
†divi mgq Avwg gyQvi wbKU
†cuŠQ‡j wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvcbvi
D¤§‡Zi Dci Avj−vn wK diR
K‡i‡Qb?Õ Avwg ejjvg, Ô50
Iqv³ bvgvR|Õ wZwb ej‡jb,
ÔAvcbvi i‡ei wbKU wd‡i hvb,
†Kbbv Avcbvi D¤§Z G bvgvR
Av`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ ÔAvwg
wd‡i †Mjvg, Avj−vn 5 Iqv³
ev` K‡i w`‡jb| Zvici Avevi
gyQvi wbKU wd‡i G‡m ejjvg,
5 Iqv³ Kg K‡i w`‡q‡Q|Õ wZwb
wZwb cybivq ej‡jb, ÔAvevi
hvb †Kbbv Avcbvi D¤§Z Zv
Av`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ ÔAvwg
Avevi wd‡i †Mjvg| Avj−vn
Avevi 5 Iqv³ gvd K‡i
w`‡jb| Avwg Avevi gyQvi wbKU
wd‡i Avmjvg|Õ wZwb Avevi
ej‡jb, ÔAvevi wd‡i hvb|
†Kbbv Avcbvi D¤§Z G-I
Av`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ ÔAvwg
Avevi †Mjvg|Õ [Giƒc 9evi
Avmv hvIqv K‡ib]| †kl-‡gk
Avj−vn e‡jb, ÔcvP Iqv³, GUvB
50 Iqv³ ; Avgvi K_vi bo-Po
nq bv|Õ ÔAvwg Avevi gyQvi
wbKU wd‡i †M‡j, †m Avevi

ej‡jb, Avevi wd‡i hvb| Avwg
Gev‡i ejjvg, Avgvi †h‡Z
j¾v K‡i| Zvici Avgv‡K
wQ`ªvZzj †gvbZvnvq wb‡q hvIqv
n‡jv; Zv is-G XvKv wQj| Avwg
Rvwb bv, Zv wK! Ae‡k‡l
Avgv‡K †e‡n‡¯— cÖ‡ek Kiv‡bv
n‡jv Avwg †`wL †mLv‡b gy³vi
gvjv Ges †mLvbKvi gvwU
K¯‘ix|Õ
[nvw`m m~Î: 8| K) †evLvix, 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„;
353,354]
[D‡j−wLZ 9wU AvqvZ‡KB nvw`mwU wg_¨v cÖwZcbœ K‡i; we¯—
vwiZ Av‡jvPbv Ôk‡e †gÕivRÕ Aa¨vq ewY©Z n†q‡Q]
†Kvivb
9| Bqv AvBqy nvj−vRxbv-ZvK¡zjyb| [4: wbQv-43] A_©:
†n f³MY! †Zvgiv gvZv‡ji gZ
bvgv‡R †hI bv| hZ¶Y bv
eyS‡Z cv‡iv hv †Zvgiv bvgv‡R
ejQ|

nvw`m
we: `ª: AvqvZwUi wei“‡× †Kvb
nvw`m msM„nxZ nq wb; KviY
gymwjg we‡k¦i 99% kZvsk
†jv‡K Rv‡b †h, Qyiv dv‡Znvi
c‡i †h †Kvb Qyivi Ab¨yb 3wU
AvqvZ Ave„wZ Ki‡jB bvgvR
h_vh_ Kv‡qg nq| Rvbv ev
†evSvi `iKvi †bB|

Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi mijv_© bv K‡i eis Dnvi kv‡bbRyj A_©vr Rb¥ BwZnvm iPbv K‡i mvavi‡Yi gwZåg
Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Q †h, GK`v nhiZ Avjx [iv] g` †L‡q
gvZvj Ae¯’vq bvgvR co‡Z wM‡q AgyK Qyiv Ave„wZ Ki‡Z

49

wM‡q ZgyK Qyiv Ave„wZ K‡iwQ‡jb| ZLb GB AvqvZ bvwRj
nq; AZtci g` nvivg nIqvi AvqvZ bvwRj nq| myZivs
G AvqvZwU mvavi‡Yi gvbvi `iKvi nq bv| g~jZ
AvqvZwUi kv‡b bRyj hvB-B †nvK, †h Kvi‡YB bvwRj
†nvK, Dnvi g~j welqe¯‘ n‡jv: bvgv‡R hv ejv nq Dnv bv
Rvbv, bv †evSv ch©š— bvgv‡R hvIqv wbwl× †NvlYv K‡i‡Q|
we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv ÔbvgvRÕ Aa¨vq ewY©Z n‡q‡Q|
†Kvivb
nvw`m
10|
BqvÕgvjybv
jvû-- 10| K. wewe Avqkv [iv] eY©bv
Bevw`Bqvk¦vKzi| [34: mvev-13] K‡ib: wZwb GKwU Mw` ev
A_©: Zviv ˆZix Ki‡Zv Avmb µq K‡i M„‡n ivL‡jb|
[†Qvjvqgv‡bi [Av] ] cQ›`gZ ivQyj [mv] M„‡ni `iRvq
eo eo AÆvwjKv, eo eo g~wZ©, †cŠQ‡jB Zvi `„wó Dnvi Dci
nvI‡Ri b¨vq e„n`vKvi cvÎ Ges cwZZ n‡jv| wZwb M„‡n cÖ‡ek
my`„pfv‡e ¯’vwcZ e„n`vKvi †WM Ki‡jb bv, `iRvq `vuwo‡q
wbg©vY Ki‡Zv| Avwg e‡jwQjvg, _vK‡jb| †µv‡a Zvi †Pnvivi
†n `vD` cwievi! K…ZÁZvi eY© cwieZ©xZ n‡Z jvM‡jv|
mwnZ †Zvgiv KvR Ki‡Z _vK| Avqkv [iv] ej‡jb, Avwg
Avgvi ev›`vw`‡Mi g‡a¨ mvgvb¨ AviR Kijvg ¯^xq †Mvbvn&
†_‡K Avj−vni `iev‡i ZIev
msL¨KB K…ZÁ _v‡K|
KiwQ, Avgvi Kmyi wK n‡q‡Q?
nhiZ ej‡jb, ÒGB Mw`wU
†Kb?Ó Avwg AviR Kijvg,
Avcwb Dnvi Dci em‡eb Ges
weQvbviƒ‡c e¨envi Ki‡eb,GB
D‡Ï‡k¨ µq K‡iwQ| ivQyj
ej‡jb, ÒZzwg wK Rvb bv? †h
N‡i Qwe _v‡K †m N‡i †d‡i¯—v
[ing‡Zi] cÖ‡ek K‡i bv? †h
N‡i Qwe _v‡K, †h e¨w³ Qwe
[G‡Ku ev †h‡Kvb Dcvq] evbv‡e

Zvnv‡K †Kqvg‡Zi w`b kvw¯—
†`qv n‡e Ges [wZi¯‹vi I agK
w`‡q] ejv n‡e, †h AvK…wZ Zzwg
evwb‡qQ Zvi g‡a¨ Rxeb `vI!Ó
L. Avãyj−vn Be‡b Igi (iv)
†_‡K ewY©Z: GK`v nhiZ
wReªvBj (Av) nhi‡Zi wbKU
†Kvb GK wbw`©ó mgq mv¶vZ
Kivi Aw½Kvi Ki‡jb| wKš‘
†mB wbw`©ó mgq wZwb
Avm‡jb bv| nhiZ M„n †_‡K
†ei n‡q Avm‡jb, ZLb
wRweª‡ji mv‡_ mv¶vZ n‡jv|
nhiZ Zvi cÖwZ gb ¶zYœZvi
K_v D‡j−L Ki‡jb| wRweªj
ej‡jb, ÒAvgiv KLbI cÖ‡ek
Kwi bv, †h M„‡n Qwe _v‡K Ges
H M„‡nI bv †h M„‡n KzKzi
_v‡K|Ó
M. QvB` Ge‡b Aveyj nvmvb
[iv] eY©bv K‡ib: GK`v Avwg
Avãyj−vn Ge‡b AveŸv‡mi [iv]
wbKU †Mjvg| GK e¨w³ Zvi
wbKU Dcw¯’Z n‡jv Ges
ej‡jv, Ò†n Aveyj AveŸvm!
Avwg GKRb `wi`ª †jvK;
Avgvi RxweKv wbe©v‡ni GKgvÎ
Dcvq n‡jv Avgvi n¯— wkí,
Avwg Qwe G‡Ku _vwK|Ó Be‡b
AveŸvm e‡jb, ÒAvwg †Zvgv‡K
Ggb GKwU nvw`m †kvbv‡ev, hv

50

Avwg wbR Kv‡b ivQy‡ji [mv]
gy‡L ï‡bwQ-†h e¨w³ Qwe ˆZix
Ki‡e, Avj−vn †Kqvg‡Zi w`b
Zvnv‡K H Qwei g‡a¨ AvÍv
†`qvi Av‡`k Ki‡eb| wKš‘ †m
[AvÍv w`‡Z m¶g bv nIqv
ch©š— kvw¯— w`‡Z _vK‡eb] Dnvi
AvÍv w`‡Z KLbI m¶g n‡e
bv|Ó GB nvw`m ï‡b H e¨w³
wkD‡i DV‡jv, Zvi †Pnviv
Ri` n‡q †Mj| Be‡b AveŸvm
[iv] ej‡jb, Òhw` G KvR
Ki‡Z PvI, Z‡e Rx‡ei Qwe bv
Gu‡K e„¶vw`i Qwe Gu‡Kv|Ó
N. hviv gymjgvb bvg aviY Kiv
m‡Ë¡I bexi Av‡`k cvjb bv
K‡i Ab¨ wg_¨v I fzj a‡g©i
AbymiY K‡i; Zv‡`i †P‡q
nZfvMv Avi †bB| nhiZ bex
[mv] e‡j‡Qb, Ò†h evwo‡Z ev
†h N‡i KzKzi _vK‡e ev Qwe
_vK‡e, †m Ni Ges †m evwo
Avj−vni ing‡Zi Lvm †d‡i¯—v
P‡j hv‡e GB me nvw`m †_‡K
Qwe AvuKv, Qwe ivLv Ges KzKzi
cvjv nvivg cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q|
[nvw`m m~Î: 10| K,L): †evLvix, 3q I 6ô LÛ; AvwR. nK;
c„: 283; 256 ; M) †evLvix, 2q LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:234;
N) †e‡n‡¯—i †RIi, Av. Avjx _vbfx]
cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi `„wó‡Z Qwe †Zvjv, Qwe AvuKv, g~wZ©
evbv‡bv hveZxq KvRmg~n nvivg| g~wZ© I Qwei Kvi‡Y Bmjvg

a‡g©i bvgvR, †ivhv, n¾, RvKvZ, mg¯— †gŠwjK-†hŠwMK
A_©vr diR-QybœZ hveZxq ag©Kg© A_©vr †gvmjgvwbZ¡ eiev`
n‡q hvq| Ggb GKwU weavb Bmjv‡gi me©‡kªô I me© cÖavb ¯—
¤¢ bv nIqvi KviY inm¨ve„Z| cyivKv‡j Qwe I g~wZ© msewjZ
nvw`m¸wj gv‡V-Nv‡U IqvR-gvnwd‡j AwZ ¸i“Z¡ mnKv‡i
eqvb Kiv n‡Zv| Ggb wK hv‡`i N‡i Qwe _vK‡Zv, KzKzi
_vK‡Zv, †m N‡i Bgvg Av‡jgMY `vIqvZ Keyj Ki‡Zb bv;
Zv‡`i RvbvhvqI †h‡Zb bv|
nvw`mwU Pig weZwK©Z I ev¯—e weewR©Z| KviY g~gyl©
†ivMxi N‡i ev Mjvq KzKzi, gvby‡li Qwe Szwj‡q ivL‡j
†ivM Z_v Riv g„Zz¨i AvksKvB _v‡K bv; G mg¯— ev¯—e,
hyw³m½Z Ges RwUj cÖkœ †_‡K AvÍi¶vi Rb¨ kvqLMY
nvw`‡mi h_v¯’v‡b eªv‡K‡U Ôing‡ZiÕ kãwU e¨envi K‡i
_v‡Kb| A_©vr ing‡Zi †d‡i¯—v cÖ‡ek K‡ib bv| wKš‘
Bgvg †evLvixi g~j MÖ‡š’ Dwj−wLZ eªv‡K‡Ui Ôing‡ZiÕ
kãwUi †Kvb Aw¯—Z¡ †bB; ZvQvov L bs nvw`‡m ewY©Z
wReªvBj wK ing‡Zi ‡d‡i¯—v bq? Ggb cÖ‡kœi h_vh_ DËi
†`qvi kw³-mvnm wek¦ kwiq‡Zi †bB e‡j P¨v‡jÄ Kiv
hvq| cÖKvk _v‡K †h, ivQy‡ji evYxi m‡½ wKQy ms‡hvRb
ev ms‡KvPb nvivg Z_v Rvnvbœvgx †R‡bI kª‡×q kv‡qLAvj−vgvMY G nvivgx KvRwU eûKvj hver K‡i Avm‡Qb|
eZ©gvb gymwjg we‡k¦i D”P c`¯’ 99% kZvsk bv‡q‡e
ivQyjMY hveZxq ag©-Kg© ee©vr K‡i, ciKvj fy‡j wM‡q
Qwe Zz‡j cvm‡cvU© enb K‡i †`k-we‡`‡k Qwo‡q
c‡o‡Qb; gvÎ `yÕ‡Uv cqmvi †jv‡f| evKx 1% kZvsk
cvm‡cvU© ˆZix K‡i we‡`‡ki Avkvq ¯^-¯^ †`‡k Awb`ªv
hvcb Ki‡Qb| Avi ZvB IqvR bwQn‡Zi avivI cv‡ë
†M‡Q| g‡bi fz‡jI Qwe msµvš— nvw`m¸wj eqvb K‡ib
bv| GgZve¯’vq †KD Zv‡`i ïaiv‡Z †M‡j ÔRxeb euvPv‡bv
diRÕ nvw`mwU Xvj ¯^iƒc e¨envi K‡ib [Aek¨ H evYxwU
we‡kl wec‡` f¶Y welq cÖ‡hvR¨, Ab¨ †Kvb welq bq]

51

ejv wb®cÖ‡qvRb, Zviv wb‡RivI wek¦vm K‡ib †h,
cvm‡cvU© ˆZix bv Ki‡j, cÎ-cwÎKvq, bó ivRbxwZi
†cvóv‡i Qwe bv Qvc‡j Aek¨B Zviv gi‡Zb bv| G‡`i‡K
ïaivevi †Póv Ki‡j, ÔAv‡jg mgvRÕ bv‡gi †k−vMv‡b
GKwÎZ n‡q Zv‡K ÔgyiZv`Õ †NvlYv K‡ib| Aci c‡¶
nvw`mwU gnvbexi bv‡g wg_¨v Acev` ej‡j, nvw`m
A¯^xKvi Kivi `v‡q Zvi cÖKv‡k¨ duvwmi `vex Ki‡e bZzev
†`k Z¨v‡M eva¨ Ki‡e| c¶vš—‡i mvaviY AmvaviY
cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvbyl RxweZ ev g„Z ¯^ ¯^ evc-`v`v, ¯¿x-cyÎ,
AvÍxq-¯^Rb, cxi-†Kejv‡`i Qwe AwZ h‡Zœ ¯^-¯^ ü`‡q
†h aviY K‡i Av‡Qb Zv fv½vi Dcvq wK! ïay ZvBB bq
bex-ivQyj,kvqL, Av‡jg-Avj−vgvmn Ggb †Kvb gvbyl †bB
hvi ü`‡q ïKi-KzKz‡ii Qwe AvuKv wQj bv ev †bB!
g~jZ Qwe AvuKv, Qwe †Zvjv, g~wZ© ˆZix BZ¨vw`
†Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI wewa wb‡la †bB| eis G¸wji e¨envi
†Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z ¯^xK…Z| c¶vš—‡i, evsjv‡`k
BgjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K Ab~w`Z †Kviv‡bi dzU‡bv‡U
wj‡L‡Qb,Ò ÔZvgvwQjvÕ eûePb, ÔZvgvwQjÕ GKePb A_©:
fv¯‹h©, g~wZ©| nhiZ †mvjvqgv‡bi [Av] kwiq‡Z Bnv ˆea
[nvjvj] wQj; kwiq‡Z †gvnv¤§w`‡Z ˆea [hv‡qR] b‡n|Ó [`ª:
†Kvivb: c„: 693; dzU‡bvU bs 56]
we‡k¦i mKj †gvm‡jgMYB Rv‡bb †h, ag© wcZv nhiZ
Beªvnx‡gi [mv] Avgj †_‡K nhiZ †gvnv¤§` [mv] ch©š— mKj
bexi gva¨‡gB g~wZ© cyuRv, g~wZ©‡K mªóv ev Avj−vn Ávb Kiv
Kzdzix Z_v nvivg †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Y,
cÖ‡qvRb-AcÖ‡qvR‡b A_ev e¨emvq ev m‡L g~wZ© evbvb,
Qwe AvuKv, Qwe †Zvjv nvivg e‡j †Kvb †KZv‡eB †NvwlZ
nq wb| eis Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z hv‡qR [‰ea] e‡j cÖgvY
K‡i| ÔnhiZ †mvjvqgv‡bi kwiq‡Z Dnv hv‡qR wQjÕ Dnv
hLb †Kvivb w`‡qB cÖgvwbZ, ZLb kwiq‡Z †gvnv¤§w`‡Z
G‡m nVvr K‡i nvivg n‡jv! Zv †Kvivb w`‡qB cÖgvY Kiv

evÂbxq e‡U! †Kviv‡bi evYx Kw_Z nvw`m w`‡q KZ©‡bi
e¨_© †Póv Kiv nvivg Z_v Kzdzix| KviY: Ò†Kvivb
†gvZv‡eK hviv wb‡`©k †`q bv, wePvi gxgvsmv K‡i bv,
ZvivB Kv‡di, dv‡QK I Rv‡jg|Ó [5:gv‡q`v-44-49]|
†Kvivb
11| AAvwZ¤§yj nv¾v-kvwn`yj BK¡ve [2:evKviv-196]
A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni D‡Ï‡k¨
n¾ I Dgiv c~Y© Ki, wKš‘
†Zvgiv hw` evav cÖvß nI Z‡e
mnRjf¨ Kzievbx KwiI| †h
ch©š— Kzievbxi cï Dnvi ¯’v‡b
bv †cuŠ‡Q †Zvgiv gv_v gyÛb
KwiI bv| †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ hw`
†Kn cxwoZ nq ev gv_vq †K¬k
_v‡K Z‡e †ivhv wKsev m`&Kv
A_ev Kzievbxi Øviv Dnvi
wd`&qv w`‡e| hLb †Zvgiv
wbivc` n‡e ZLb †Zvgv‡`i
g‡a¨ †h e¨w³ n‡¾i cÖv°v‡j
Dgiv Øviv jvfevb n‡Z Pvq,
†m mnRjf¨ Kzievbx Ki‡e|
wKš‘ hw` †Kn Dnv bv cvq Z‡e
Zv‡K n‡¾i mgq 3w`b Ges
M„‡n †divi ci 7w`b GB c~Y©
10w`b †ivRv cvjb Ki‡Z
n‡e| Bnv †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨,
hv‡`i cwiRbeM© gmwR`yj
nviv‡gi evwm›`v bq| Avj−vn‡K
fq Ki Ges †R‡b ivL †h,

nvw`m
11| K. †h e¨w³ hyjwn¾vi Puv`
†`‡L Ges Kzievbx Kivi B”Qv
iv‡L †m †hb Kzievbx bv Kiv
ch©š— Zvi bL, Pzj, †jvg bv
Kv‡U| †m †hb Zvi bL, Pzj
¯úl© bv K‡i|
L. hviv †Kvievbxi cï msMÖn
Ki‡Z bv cv‡i, Z‡e 10w`b
a‡i ivLv Pzj I bL KuvUv I †Muvd
PvQv Ges bvfxi bx‡Pi †jvg
PvQv Kzievbxi mgZ‚j¨ n‡e|

52

Avj−vn g›` Kv‡Ri cÖwZdj
`v‡b K‡Vvi|
[nvw`m m~Î: 11| K I L: gymwjg, †gkKvZ,Avey `vD`,
bvQvC; cÖh‡Zœ: gvwmK `vi“m mvjvg, c„:11, 3q el©, gvP©
2001; m¤úv`K:†gv: kwid †nv‡mb, 34, gvwj‡Uvjv
†ivW,(5g Zjv) XvKv-1100, †dvb bs-955 7214]
nvw`m `yÕwUi we¯—vwiZ mgv‡jvPbv wb®úª‡qvRb| a‡g©i
Ab¨Zg cÖavb Bev`Z †Kvievbx| GB †Kvievbx ag© wcZv
nhiZ Beªvnx‡gi [mv] AvÍwemR©‡bi AwMœcix¶v nq ¯^xq
JimRvZ mš—vb nhiZ BmgvB‡ji [mv] Rxe‡bi wewbgq|
GB gnvb AZzjbxq HwZnvwmK me©‡kªô Z¨v‡Mi cwigvY I
cwigvc Kiv nq bL, Pzj, †gvQ Avi †hŠb †jvg PvQvi
m‡½!!
*
19 ag©-K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_© MÖnY nvivg
12 K.

Ajv-ZvmZvi“ weAv-Bqv-wZ Qvgvbvb Kvwjjvb,
ABqv-Bqv dvËvK¡zb| [2: evKviv-41] A_©:
Avgvi Avqv‡Zi wewbg‡q mvgvb¨ g~j¨I †Zvgiv
MªnY KwiI bv| †Zvgiv ïay Avgv‡KB fq Ki|
L. dv- ABjyj−vRxbv-- wg¤§v BqvKwQi“b|
[2:evKviv-79] A_©: myZivs `y‡f©vM Zv‡`i Rb¨,
hviv wbR nv‡Z †KZve iPbv K‡i Ges Zz”Q g~j¨
cÖvwßi Rb¨ e‡j, ÔBnv Avj−vni wbKU †_‡K
cÖvß|Õ Zv‡`i nvZ hv iPbv K‡i‡Q Zvi Rb¨
kvwš— Zv‡`i Ges hv Zviv DcvR©b K‡i, Zvi Rb¨
kvw¯— Zv‡`i|
M. Bbœvj−vRxbv--gv--AvRveyb Avjxg| Djv-B
Kvj−vRxbv--bvi|--evC`|
[2:evKviv174,175,176] A_©: Avj−vn †h wKZve bvwRj

K‡i‡Qb, hviv Zv †Mvcb iv‡L I wewbg‡q Zz”Q
g~j¨ MÖnY K‡i, Zviv wb‡Ri †c‡U Av¸b e¨ZxZ
Ab¨ wKQyB f‡i bv| †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Avj−vn Zv‡`i
mv‡_ K_vI ej‡eb bv Ges cweÎI Ki‡eb bv|
Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q wefrm kvw¯—| ZvivB mr c‡_i
wewbg‡q åvš— c_ Ges ¶gvi cwie‡Z© kvw¯— µq
K‡i‡Q; Av¸b mn¨ Ki‡Z Zviv KZBbv ˆah¨©kxj!
Bnv GB †nZz †h Avj−vn& mbvZb wKZve AeZxY©
K‡i‡Qb Ges hviv wKZve m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` m„wó
K‡i‡Q wbðqB Zviv `y¯—i gZ‡f‡` i‡q‡Q|
N. nhiZ b~‡ni [mv] A½xKvi: ABqv KvDgx-Avgvby| [11:û`-29] A_©: †n Avgvi m¤cÖ`vq!
Bnvi cwie‡Z© Avwg †Zvgv‡`i wbKU ab m¤ú`
PvB bv| Avgvi cvwikªwgK Avj−vni wbKU|
O. nhiZ û‡`i [mv] A½xKvi: Bqv KvDgx jv-ZvÕwK¡jyb| [11: û`-51] A_©: †n Avgvi
m¤cÖ`vq! Avwg Bnvi cwie‡Z© †Zvgv‡`i wbKU
†Kvb gRywi PvB bv| Avgvi cvwikªwgK ZviB
wbKU whwb Avgv‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb| †Zvgiv wK
ZeyI eyS‡Z †Póv Ki‡e bv?
P. nhiZ Qv‡jnÕi [mv] A½xKvi: Agv-AvQ
AvjyKzg--Avjvgxb| [26: ïqviv-145] A_©:
Avwg †Zvgv‡`i wbKU Bnvi Rb¨ †Kvb cvwikªwgK
PvB bv| Avgvi gRywi RMZmg~‡ni cÖwZcvj‡Ki
wbKU i‡q‡Q|
Q. nhiZ jy‡Zi [mv] Aw½Kvi: Agv-AvQAvjyKzg- Avjvgxb| [26:ïqviv-164] A_©: Bnvi Rb¨
Avwg †Kvb gRyix PvB bv| Avgvi gRyix
RMZmg~‡ni cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU i‡q‡Q|
R. nhiZ †kv‡q‡ei [mv] A½xKvi: AgvAvQAvjyKzg--Avjvgxb| [26: ïqviv-180] A_©:

53

Avwg Bnvi Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU †Kvb g~j¨ PvB
bv| Avgvi gRywi RMZmg~‡ni cÖwZcvj‡Ki
wbKU i‡q‡Q|
S. nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] A½xKvi:
K. Agv-ZvQAvjyûg -- Avjvgxb| [12:BDmyd104] A_©: Ges Zzwg Zv‡`i wbKU ‡Kvb gRywi
`vex KwiI bv| Bnv‡Zv wek¦RM‡Zi Rb¨ Dc‡`k
gvÎ|
L. K¡zj! gv AvQAvjyKzg -- gyZvKvwj−wdb| [38: mv`86] A_©: ej! Avwg Bnvi Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU
†Kvb cvwikªwgK PvB bv| Ges hviv wg_¨v `vex K‡i
Avwg Zv‡`i `jf‚³ bB|
M. Djv-BKv j−vRxbv-- jxj Avjvgxb| [6:
AvbAvg-90] A_©: Zv‡`i‡KB [bex‡`i‡KB]
Avj−vn mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡i‡Qb| myZivs Zzwg
Zv‡`i c_ AbymiY Ki; ej! Bnvi Rb¨ Avwg
†Zvgv‡`i Kv‡Q †Kvb gRywi PvB bv| Bnv‡Zv ïay
wek¦RM‡Zi Rb¨ Dc‡`k gvÎ|
N. K¡zj! j−v Av-AvQvjyKzg AvjvB‡n-- Bbœvj−vnv
Mvdzi“b mvKzi“b| [42: ïiv-23] A_©: ej! Avwg
Bnvi wewbgq †Zvgv‡`i KvQ †_‡K †cÖgfv‡jvevmv I ˆmnv`©¨c~Y© e¨envi e¨ZxZ Ab¨
†Kvb gRywi PvB bv| †h DËg KvR K‡i Avwg Zvi
Rb¨ Kj¨vY [ingZ] ewa©Z Kwi| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj
¸YMÖvnx|
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K ag©-K‡g©i wewbgq gRywi ev nvw`qv
MÖnY P‚ovš— nvivg| GgbwK †Qnv‡QËvi g‡a¨ A_© MÖn‡Yi
c‡¶ GKwU gvÎI nvw`mI †bB| c¶vš—‡i cqmv Qvov
hveZxq ag©-Kg© m¤ú~Y© APj| Zvj-‡e-G‡jg †_‡K ïi“
K‡i cx‡i Kv‡gj, MvDm KzZze, Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï`,
gydZx, kvqL, Avj−vgvMY cqmv e¨ZxZ †KnB ag©-Kg© K‡ib

bv| ag©-Kg© †bkv n‡Z cv‡i bv, †ckvI n‡Z cv‡i bv|
G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡b cwi¯‹vi ûwkqvwi :
1. jv Ajv Bqvb nvûg-- Bqvmbv Dbv| [5: gv‡q`v-63]
A_©: Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY †Kb Zv‡`i cvc K_v I
nvivg f¶‡Y wb‡la K‡i bv ? eis BnvivI hv K‡i
[e‡j Ges Lvq] BnvI wbK…ó|
2. Bqv AvBqy¨nvj jvhxbv -- Avjxwgb| [9: ZIev-34]
A_©: †n f³MY [mveavb] Av‡jg-`i‡ek‡`i g‡a¨
A‡b‡KB gvby‡li ab-m¤úwË Ab¨vqfv‡e f¶Y Ki‡Q|
Ges Avj−vni c_ †_‡K weåvš— Ki‡Q| hviv ¯^Y©-†iŠc¨
Rgv K‡i iv‡L, Avj−vni c‡_ e¨q K‡i bv Zv‡`i
K‡Vvi kvw¯—i msev` `vI|
c¶vš—‡i, Dwj−wLZ AmsL¨ Avqv‡Z eRªKwVY ûwkqvix
_vKv m‡Ë¡I bvgv‡R UvKv, wgjv‡` UvKv, Rvbvhvq UvKv,
IqvR gvnwd‡j UvKv, d‡Zvqv cÖ`v‡b UvKv, we‡q cov‡Z
UvKv, Zvjv‡K UvKv, gmwR`, gv`ªvmv, gvRv‡i UvKv,
cx‡ii Av¯—vbvq UvKv! UvKv Qvov a‡g©i PvKv G‡Kev‡iB ¯—
ä! e³v‡`i e³e¨, welqe¯‘ KvjvKvj‡f`x GK I Awfbœ
_vKv m‡Ë¡I Zv‡`i AvKvi-AvK…wZ Ges myi-Zvj,
cwiwPwZ Ges ¯^ I `jxq †NvwlZ †LZv‡ei ZviZg¨ †nZz
gRywi ev nvw`qviI ZviZg¨ nq| eZ©gv‡b Avš—
R©vwZKfv‡eI mgv‡Ri Kw_Z D”Pc`¯’ AwaKvsk cxiAv‡jgMY fvov Lv‡Ub| G mKj Av‡jg cxiMY Dwj−wLZ
AvqvZ¸wj Rv‡bb Ges ey‡Sb| wKš‘ †R‡b ï‡bB Zv †Mvcb
†i‡L wewbgq g~j¨ MÖnY K‡i _v‡Kb! nvivg‡K Ag„Z g‡b
K‡i f¶Y K‡i _v‡Kb| hw`I Zviv Rv‡bb †h, Zviv Av¸b
Lv‡”Qb Ges †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Avj−vn Zv‡`i m‡½ K_vI
ej‡eb bv, cweÎI Ki‡eb bv|
Ab¨w`‡K GK‡kªYxi A_© †jvfx e¨emvqxMY Kw_Z
Av‡jg, gydwZ‡`i fvov LvwU‡q Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g
gbMov eB cy¯—K iPbv K‡i GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emvq wjß

54

i‡q‡Qb| gmwR‡`i †Kvivb, N‡ii DuPz Zv‡Ki †Kvivb
AvR dzUcv‡Z gvby‡li cv‡qi Kv‡Q ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q, `yÕ†Uv
cqmvi av›`vq| b‡fj-Dcb¨v‡mi gZB `i `vg KlvKwl
K‡iB Zv wKb‡Z eva¨ nÕ‡Z nq| Ôg~‡j¨Õi ¯’‡j †jLv _v‡K
Ônvw`qvÕ A_©vr evsjv Ôg~j¨Õ kã nvivg, Aviwe Ônvw`qvÕ kã
nvjvj! wKš‘ gvQ=†Mv¯—, bvUK-Dcb¨vm gZB `i KlvKwl
K‡iB wKb‡Z nq|
m¤¢eZ 2002 mv‡ji NUbv : mg¯— evOvwji Rvbv Av‡Q
†h, wbDBq‡K©i †Kvb GK gmwR‡`i Bgvg R¨vKmbnvBUm
Gi iv¯—vi cv‡k dzUcv‡Z ag©xq eB weµq Ki‡Z wM‡q Zv
jvB‡mÝ wenxY A‰ea †f‡e cywjk jvwÌ †g‡i †d‡j †`q,
Zvi g‡a¨ †KvivbI wQj Ges mivmwi †Kviv‡bi DciI
jvwÌ gv‡i|
†Kvivb wK Ab¨ eB Zv cywj‡ki †Zv Avi Rvbvi K_v
bq! ZvQvov wLª÷vb cywj‡ki Kv‡Q †Kvivb I mvaviY cy¯—
‡Ki †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB| myZivs Zv‡K †`vl †`qv hvq bv|
wKš‘ H Bgvg my‡hv‡Mi mبenvi K‡i ÔL„óvb cywjk
†Kviv‡bi Dci jvwÌ †g‡i‡QÕ GB wekvj PxrKv‡i evOvwj
I cvwK¯—vbx‡`i R‡ov K‡ib Ges mw¤§wjZ cÖwZev‡`i
gy‡L, kvw¯— i¶vi LvwZ‡i wkw¶Z cywjk ¶gv †P‡qwQj e‡U!
wKš‘ jvwÌ †Zv Avi wdwi‡q †bqv m¤¢e nq wb. †Kvivb †_‡K
Ry‡Zvi ay‡jvI wZj cwigvY L‡m c‡o wb! GB AcÖxwZKi
NUbv NUvi g~‡j wQj `y‡Uv evowZ Avq, ag© bq| we‡k¦i
K‡qK wewjqb gymjgv‡bi cweÎ †Kviv‡bi Dci c`vNvZ
coj GKRb Bgv‡gi evowZ Ges nvivgx Av‡qi Kvi‡Y;
gymjgvbMY GB A¯ú„k¨ ag© e¨emvqx Bgv‡gi c¶ n‡q
wb‡`©vl cywj‡ki wei“‡× cÖwZev` K‡i‡Q! wKš‘ GKRb
Av‡jg ev †gvm‡jg g‡bi fy‡jI Bgvg‡K GB e‡j agK
w`j bv †h, Ò†n bivag! gymwjg RvwZi Kj¼! †Kb Zzwg
cweÎ †Kvivb‡K wLª÷vb‡`i c`Z‡j ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qv?Ó
AevK nIqvi K_v- Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji K_v-evYx weµq

K‡i ag© e¨emvqxMY UvKvi cvnvo Mo‡Qb| cÖKvk _v‡K †h,
ag© wk¶v †¶‡Î e¨wZµg; KviY ag©-Kg© wk¶v Avi ag©-Kg©
Kiv `yÕ†Uvi Avjv`v cÖK…wZ I welqe¯‘ e‡U! Z`ªƒc
†ckv`vix ag©-Kg© Avi ¯^Ztù‚Z© ag©-Kg© GK ev mggv‡bi
n‡Z cv‡i bv|
AwaKvsk gmwR`, gv`ªvmv M‡o I‡V e¨emvwfwËK,
we‡kl K‡i we‡`‡ki cÖ‡Z¨KwU gmwR‡`i bv‡gi †k‡l
ÔBbK&Õ A_©vr e¨emv †K‡›`ªi bgybv Av‡Q| cweÎ gmwR‡`i
cÖavb e¨emv n‡jv RbwaK…Z A‰ea Av`g e¨emv, hvi GKwU
cÖgvY Aš—Z †`qv `iKvi:
gmwR` wfwËK ¯úb&mi †K‡j¼vix
gmwR` wfwËK ¯úb&mi wfmv dª‡Wi Rb¨ MZ 22 †m‡Þ¤^i
eyaevi g¨vbnvUvb †dWv‡ij †KvU© wbDBqK© gmwR‡`i Bgvg
I cwiPvjK gvIjvbv Lwjj‡K †`vlx mve¨¯— K‡i‡Q| GB
cwiPvjK A‰ea‡`i Rb¨ kZ kZ fyqv ag©xq wfmv †mvk¨vj
wmwKDwiwU KvW©-Gi wewbg‡q bM` A_© nvZwo‡q wb‡q‡Q|
gynv¤§` Lwjj bv‡g GB cwiPvjK Bwg‡MÖkb mvwf©‡mm
wiwjwRqvm IqvK©vi †cÖvMÖvg-Gi gva¨‡g fyqv cÖvq 200
A‰ea‡`i‡K ¯úb&mi K‡i‡Qb--| [`ª: mvßvwnK †`‡k
we‡`‡k; KvbvWv, 30 †k †m‡Þ¤^i,2004]
Avi ZvB gmwR`, GgbwK bvgvR †ivhv wb‡q SMovdvQv`, gvivgvwi, gvgjv-gK`©gv †j‡MB _v‡K! †`k †_‡K
cjvqYvMZ KwZcq e¨w³ a‡g©i bv‡g Avš—R©vwZK wf¶v
ms¯’v M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb| †`k we‡`k †_‡K GwZg‡`i †mevi
bv‡g †d`xqv, RvKvZ, †Kvievbx cïi Pvgov wf¶v K‡i
evwo-Mvwo, †eZb-fvZv ‡fvM-wejvm K‡ib| GK †kªYxi
`vjvjMY k‡eÕ eiv‡Zi gImy‡g MÖvg-MÄ †_‡K †bsov,
jyjv, AvZzi, AÜ, weKU, A‡jŠwKK AvK…wZ-cÖK…wZ wewkó
wf¶zK‡`i fvov K‡i wewfbœ gmwR`, †Mvi¯’v‡b R‡ov K‡i
abx‡`i Kv‡Q †Qvqv‡ei e¨emv K‡ib, Bmjv‡gi †Nvi
we‡ivax wf¶ve„wËi B›`b †hvMvb|

55

†Mvov ag©vÜ, cÖPwjZ kwiqZ gv‡bB †Kvivb wei“×;
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj AvswkK mv¶¨ gvÎ G‡`i AvPvi
AvPiY, a‡g©i bv‡g K_v-Kg© †`k Z_v Bmjvg‡K we‡k¦i
`iev‡i c‡` c‡` weZwK©Z I †nq cÖwZcbœ K‡i Pj‡Q|
bvgvR cov‡Z I co‡Z Bgvg hv Rv‡bb, gymj−xMYI Zv
Rv‡bb; Bgv‡gi hZUzKz mgq bó nq, gymj−x‡`iI ZZUzKz
mgq bó nq| gymj−x‡`i bvgvR cov diR, Bgv‡giI ZvB|
wKš‘ Bgvg Zvi bvgvR weµq K‡ib, gyQj−xMY Zv K‡ib bv|
gyQj−x‡`i bvgv‡Ri PvIqv-cvIqv Avj−vni Kv‡Q, c¶vš—‡i
Bgv‡gi bvgv‡Ri PvIqv cvIqv gyQj−x‡`i c‡KU ch©š—|
†eZb eÜ Z_v BgvgwZI eÜ! cqmvi wewbg‡q wZwb
bvgvR covb, wKš‘ wb‡Riv bvgvR c‡ob bv! A_©vr Avj−vni
`iev‡i wZwb †e-bvgvRx bq‡Zv!
BgvgMY AvRvb w`‡Z ‡eB¾wZ I N„Yv‡eva K‡ib|
gmwR` cqcwi¯‹vi ivL‡Z j¾v‡eva K‡ib, ZvB gyqvw¾b
Av‡Qb| wZwb gmwR` †`Lvïbv, cq-cwi¯‹vi iv‡Lb,
AvRvb w`‡q gyQyj−x R‡ov K‡ib; AZtci Bgvg mv‡ne
5/10 wgwb‡Ui Rb¨ bvgvR covb! gyqv¾xb AÁvZ Kvi‡Y
BgvgwZi A‡hvM¨, ZvB wZwb BgvgwZi my‡hvM cvb bv;
GKw`b cvb, †h w`b Bgvg mv‡n‡ei evowZ †ivRMvi
wgjv‡`i `vIqvZ _v‡K|
ivQyj I Zuvi QvnvevMY ag© wk¶v I cÖPv‡i wb‡R‡`i
†kl m¤^jUzKz e¨q K‡i wbt†kl n‡q‡Qb| c¶vš—‡i
AvR‡Ki kwiqZ ag©-K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_©-m¤ú‡`i cvnvo
I ivRKxq cÖvmv` M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb| cxi AveŸvRvb, Bgvg
Iqv‡qRxb‡`i †Qvqve ZrbM`; c¶vš—‡i gyQj−x‡`i,
wkl¨‡`i †Qvqve g„Zz¨i c‡i! A_©vr Revew`wnZvi c_
c~‡e©B eÜ K‡i †i‡L‡Qb|
f³‡`i aviYv ûRyi †Kejv Lv‡eb wK! cÖkœwU Avj−vni
wb‡`©‡ki Dc‡i AbwaKvi I Kzdzwi PP©v e‡U! Zviv wK
Lv‡eb Avi wK Lv‡eb bv Zv †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z

Av‡Q| eZ©gv‡b Zviv wK Lv‡”Qb! Gi cwiYwZ wK! ZvÕI
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z mnR-mijfv‡e ewY©Z n‡q‡Q; A_©vr
g`, ïK‡ii gvs‡mi †P‡qI nvivg f¶Y Ki‡Qb,Av¸b
Lv‡”Qb Ges Zv †R‡b ï‡bB| Avc‡`-wec‡` †Kvb
Dcvqvš—i bv _vK‡j mvgwqKfv‡e nvivg †NvwlZ g`,
ïK‡ii gvsm LvIqvi my‡hvM w`‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b wKš‘ ag©K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_© MÖn‡Yi my‡hvM Kw¯§bKv‡jI †Kvivb
†`q wb| bvgvR †k‡l ûRiv Lvbvq e‡m e‡m fzwi e„w×
AZtci gmwR` gv`ªvmvi Znwej I KZ…©Z¡ wb‡q N„Y¨ lohš¿
Kivi AwaKvi a‡g© †`qwb| eis bvgvR †k‡l gv‡V-Nv‡U
Qwo‡q c‡o nvjvj i“wRi mÜv‡bi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Q,
gyQj−xMY hv K‡i _v‡Kb:
dvBRv-K¡zwØ-AvwZ”Qvjv-wZ-- Zzdjxûb| [62:
Rygyqv-10] A_©: bvgvR mgvß n‡j gv‡V Nv‡U Qwo‡q co‡e,
Ges Avj−vni †bqvg‡Zi mÜvb Ki‡e--|
mb¥vwbZ Av‡jg BgvgMY e¨w³MZfv‡e GRb¨ `vqx bv
n‡jI kwiqZx mgvR e¨e¯’v †h Zv‡`i eva¨ K‡i‡Q GB
†PZbv‡eva Zv‡`i G¶‡Y D`q nIqv DwPr Ges h_vh_
e¨e¯’vi Rb¨ †mv”Pvi nIqv DwPr|
a‡g©i wewbg‡q hviv cqmv Lvq, Zv‡`i AbymiY Kiv
†Kviv‡b cwi¯‹vi nvivg ev wbwl× †NvlYv K‡i‡Q:
BËvweD-- gyn&Zv`yb| [36: BqvQxb-21] A_©: AbymiY
Ki Zv‡`i, hviv †Zvgv‡`i wbKU †_‡K †Kvb gRywi MÖnY
K‡i bv Ges mr c_cÖvß|
BgvgwZ ev mgv‡Ri †bZ…Z¡ H e¨w³i Rb¨ whwb
Afvenxb I cÖK…Zc‡¶B ag©fxi“ Ges Kg©fxi“; ag©-K‡g©i
wewbg‡q hviv A_© MÖnY Ki‡Z nq bv Ges K‡ib bv|
Afvex, †jvfx, wb¯‹g©v †ckv`vix avg©xK‡`i BgvgwZ ev
†bZ…‡Z¡i AwaKvi †bB| mK‡jiB ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi †h
ag©-Kg© ev †Qvqve weµ‡qi e¯‘ bq,ZvB †KbvI m¤¢e bq|
†Kvivb
nvw`m

56

13| Avãyj−vn Ge‡b Igi eY©bv
K‡ib: ivQyj [mv] giv jvk¸wji
cÖwZ DwK w`‡q ej‡Z jvM‡jb-| H mgq nhiZ Igi [iv]
ej‡jb, ÔBqv ivQyjvj−vn!
Avcwb g„Z e¨w³‡`i mv‡_ K_v
ej‡Qb? hv‡`i †Kvb kªeY kw³
†bB|Õ bex DËi w`‡jb, ÔZviv
†Zvgv‡`i gZB kªeY K‡i wKš‘
DËi †`Iqvi kw³ †bB|Õ
[nvw`m m~Î: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 351]

†h, ÔGUv nvivg, IUv nvjvj|
hviv Avj−vni cÖwZ wg_¨v‡ivc
K‡i Zviv mdjKvg n‡e bv|Õ
(N) AjvIZvKveŸvjv-AZxb|
[69:nvK¡v-44-47]A_©:†m hw`
Avgvi bv‡g †Kvb K_v iPbv
Ki‡Zv Z‡e Aek¨B Zv‡K a‡i
Zvi Nv‡oi wkiv †K‡U
†djZvg|
[nvw`m myÎ: 14| (Avey `vD`) †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK;
gyLe›`,c„: 9]

†Kvivb
14| K. K¡yj! gvBqvKzby-AvwRg| [10: BDbym-15] A_©:
ej! wbR †_‡K Bnv e`jv‡bv
Avgvi mva¨vZxZ | Avgvi cÖwZ
hv Awn nq Avwg ïay ZvBB †g‡b
Pwj| Avwg Avj−vni Aeva¨ n‡j
gnv w`e‡m Avgvi Avhve
Awbevh©|
L. Bqv AvBqynvbœvweD! -jvKv| [66: Zvnixg-1] A_©: †n
bex! Avj−vn hv †Zvgvi Rb¨
nvjvj K‡i‡Qb, Zzwg Zv nvivg
Ki‡Qv †Kb?
M.
Ajv
ZvKzjy--jv
BDd‡jûb| [16: bvnj-116]
A_©: wg_¨v ejv †Zvgv‡`i ¯^fve
wKš‘ Avj−vni Dc‡i wg_¨v‡ivc
K‡i †Zvgiv KLbI ewjI bv

15|(K)Avnv‡mevbœvmy-BDdZvbyb| [ 29: AvbKveyZ2] A_©: gvbyl wK g‡b K‡i †h,
ÔAvgiv Bgvb G‡bwQÕ GK_v
ej‡jB Zv‡`i cix¶v bv
K‡iB †Q‡o †`qv n‡e?

13| BbœvKv jv ZzQwgDj
gvIZv--gy`weDbv|[28: bgj80,81;iƒg-52,53]
A_©: wbðqB Zzwg g„Z‡`i‡K
ïbv‡Z cvi‡e bv-- AÜ,
ewai‡KI bq|

nvw`m
14| ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, †ngymjgvb! mZK© _vK: †m hyM
`~‡i bq †h hy‡M Ggb me
†jv‡Ki Avwef©ve n‡e hviv
†Muv‡d †Zj †g‡L †Zvgv‡`i
g‡a¨ cÖPviYv Pvjv‡e †h, †Kvivb
kix‡di g‡a¨ hZUzKz nvivgnvjvj D‡j−L Av‡Q ZZUzKzi
DciB Avgj Ki| bex [mv]
e‡jb, ûwmqvi! Avwg mZK© K‡i
hvw”Q- †Zvgiv wbwðZiƒ‡c
†R‡b ey‡S ü`½g K‡i ivL †h,
Avj−vni ivQyj A_©vr Avwg †h
e¯‘‡K nvivg e‡j †NvlYv Kie,
DnvI Hiƒc nvivgB MY¨ hv nvivg
nIqvi †NvlYv †Kvivb kwi‡d
Av‡Q|

15| (K) nhiZ Dev`v web
Qv‡gZ (iv) e‡jb, Avwg
ivQyj‡K Giƒc ej‡Z ï‡bwQ, †h
e¨w³ Giƒc †NvlYv K‡i †h,
ÔAvj−vn e¨ZxZ †Kvb gvey` †bB
Ges †gvnv¤§` Avj−vni ivQyjÕ
Zvi Rb¨ Avj−vn †`vh‡Li Av¸b
nvivg K‡i‡Qb| Zvi Avgj hvB _vKzK bv †Kb|
(L) Awgbvbœv‡Q-- ‡e-gy‡gbxb| (L) nhiZ Imgvb web Avddvb
[2:evKviv-8] A_©: Ges gvby‡li (iv) e‡jb, Ô ivQyj [mv]
g‡a¨ GgbI Av‡Q hviv e‡j †h e‡j‡Qb, Ô†h e¨w³ GB wek¦vm
ÔAvgiv Avj−vi cÖwZ I ciKv‡j wb‡q g‡i †h Avj−vn e¨ZxZ
wek¦vmxÕ A_P Zviv wek¦vmx bq| †Kvb gvey` †bB †m †e‡n‡¯—
hv‡e|Õ
[nvw`m m~Î: gymwjg; nv. bs- 25, 32,33]
*
20 Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g wg_¨v fq fxwZ I †jvf cÖ`k©b

57

1. †Kvivb mPivPi QyB‡jB †`vhL| 2. †Kviv‡bi c„ôv
Ly‡j ivL‡j †`vhL| 3. †Kvivb mvaviY eB cy¯—‡Ki wb‡P
ivL‡jB †`vhL| 4. ARy Qvov co‡jB †`vhL| 5. cov
Ae¯’vq Aa:evqy QyU‡jB †`vhL, i³, cuyR †ei n‡jB
†`vhL| 6. nv‡qR-†bdvQ I Rybywe Ae¯’vq ¯úk© Ki‡jB
†`vhL|7. my‡ii †ni‡di n‡jB †`vhL| 8. cÖkªv‡ei AYy
Kvc‡o jvM‡jB †`vhL| 9. ‡ckvev‡š— wj½ a‡i hvi hZ
eqm ZZ K`g bv nvU‡j Abvw`Kvj hver †`vh‡L R¡j‡Z
n‡e| 10. †Mvovjxi wb‡P A_ev nuvUzi Dc‡i Kvco DV‡jB
†`vhL| 11. †Kvivb eyS‡Z PvB‡j evovevoxi ARynv‡Z
†`vhL| 12. GK Iqv³ bvgvR Kvhv Ki‡j 80 ûeŸv
(Abvw`Kvj) †`vh‡L R¡j‡Z n‡e| 13. weQvbvq ¯^vgxi
Wv‡K ¯¿x mvov bv w`‡j †d‡i¯—vMY mvivivZ Awfkvc †`q,
AZ¨vPvi K‡i, †`vh‡L wbw¶ß n‡e| 14. cwðgg~Lx
cvqLvbv-‡ckve Ki‡jB †`vhL| 15. Qvnvev‡`i, GgbwK
nhiZ Igi, Avjx, Imgvb LyYx‡`i, Pµvš—Kvix gyqvweqv,
LyYx GwR`, gviIqvb‡`iI LyYx cÖZviK ej‡jB †`vhL
wbN©vr BZ¨vw` wjL‡Z †M‡j GKLvwb wek¦‡Kvl ˆZix nq|
[nvw`m m~Î: †Qnv-‡QËv ev kwiqwZ Av‡jg‡`i mvnvh¨ wbb]
†jvf cÖ`k©b
1. †Kvivb co‡j, ïb‡j, co‡Z bv Rvb‡j GgbwK
Avs¸j †U‡b †M‡jI ivkx-ivkx †Qvqve nq| 2. nid ev
eY© cÖwZ `k¸Y †Qvqve| 3. K‡jgv ˆZqev co‡jB †e‡n¯—
bwQe nq| 4. jvBjvZzj K`‡ii iv‡Îi bvgvR co‡jB
mKj ¸bvn gvd I †e‡n¯— bwQe nq| 5. 27kv †ivhv
ivL‡jB c~Y© gv‡mi †ivhv ivLv nq| 6. Zvivex bvgvR
co‡j mKj ¸bv LvZv gvd nq †e‡n¯— bwQe nq| 7. mwVK
IRy K‡i, mwVK 2 ivKvZ bvgvR co‡j mKj ¸bv gvd I
†e‡n¯— bwQe nq| 8. iv¯—vq c‡o _vKv Mv‡Qi Wvjv mwi‡q
†dj‡j Rxe‡bi mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 9. wµZ`vm gy³ Ki‡j

GgbwK †RbvKvixiI ¸bv gvd nq| 10. †ivhv ivL‡Z bv
cvi‡j ïay BdZvwi Ki‡jI c~Y© gv‡mi †ivhvi †Qvqve nq|
11. n¾ Ki‡jB Rxe‡bi mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 12. B`yj
AvRnvi bvgvR co‡j mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 13. B`yj
wdZ‡ii bvgvR co‡j mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 14. AgyK AgyK
AvqvZ Rc‡j mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 15. evevRvb †Kejvi
wkl¨Z¡ MÖnY Ki‡j wc‡Qi mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 16. gmwR‡`
`vb Ki‡j nvm‡ii gv‡V gmwR` IKvjwZ K‡i| 17. Z…òv_©
KzKzi‡K cvwb LvIqv‡j †e‡n¯— bwQe nq; wKš‘ KzKzi N‡i
ivL‡j †d‡i¯—v cvwj‡q hvq| 18. Bn Rxe‡bi †kl evK¨
K‡jgv kvnv`Z co‡j mg¯— ¸bv gvd n‡q †e‡n¯— bwQe
nq| 19. RvKvZ w`‡j mg¯— nvivg DcvR©b nvjvj nq| 20.
Avïivi †ivhv ivL‡j GK erm‡ii ¸bv LvZv gvd nq| 21.
†Kvievbxi cïi Pvgov, †jvg, Lyi I wks nvm‡ii gv‡V
IKvjwZ K‡i| 22. nv‡dR‡`i †Pnviv †gveviK gvÎ
GKevi †`L‡jB Zvi Rxe‡bi mKj QMxiv ¸bv [ †QvU
cvc] gvd n‡q hvq| 23. es‡k GKwU gvÎ nv‡dR _vK‡j
†m es‡ki mK‡jiB †e‡n¯— bwQe nq| G¸wj wj‡L †kl
Kivi mva¨ Kv‡iv †bB|
[nvw`m m~Î: †Qnv-‡QËv ev kwiqwZ Av‡jg‡`i mvnvh¨
wbb|]
nvw`m †dKnvi e‡`Šj‡Z †gvm‡jg RvwZ hZB Ab¨vq,
AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi, e¨vwfPvi, †Rbv Ki“K; Nyl, my`, Pzwi,
WvKvwZ, wQbZvB, ivnvRvwb, wg_¨v, cÖeÂYv; hv B‡”Q ZvBB Ki“K; Zv gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨ ay‡q gy‡Q cyZ cweÎ n‡q hvIqvi
AZ¨š— ms‡¶c gbMov cš’v iPbv K‡i mgMÖ RvwZ‡K
ee©iZvi Nb AÜKv‡i wbgw¾Z K‡i‡Q|
*
21 Av‡iv wKQy †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m

58

1. Aveyhi [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ÒGK`v
Avgvi wbKU Avj−vni Zid †_‡K GK we‡kl `~Z G‡m
GB mymsev` †NvlYv w`‡jb †h, †h e¨w³ g„Zz¨ ch©š—
†k‡iKx ¸bvn †_‡K cvK cweÎ _vK‡e †m e¨w³
†e‡n‡¯— hv‡e|Ó [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvwR. nK,
c„:317]
bvgvR, †ivhv, n¾ I RvKvZ BZ¨vw` hveZxq ag©K‡g©i Avi wK cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q!! †k‡iKx Qvov `ywbqvi
hveZxq Ab¨vq-Aciva Kivi AwaKvi †cj †gvm‡jg
RvwZ! Avi Gi `vq-`vwqZ¡ Avj−vni bexi Nv‡oB
Pvwc‡q‡Q ! G RvwZ AatcZ‡b hv‡e bv †Zv hv‡e
†Kvb RvwZ!
2. Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, †Kvb
†gvmjgv‡bi 3wU wkï mš—vb gviv †M‡j H wkï‡`i
cÖwZ `qv ciek n‡q Avj−vn H e¨w³‡K [wkïi
wcZvgvZv] †e‡nš— `vb Ki‡eb| GKRb ¯¿x‡jvK
wRÁvmv Ki‡jv, `ywU mš—vb gi‡j? ivQyj DËi
w`‡jb, `ywU mš—vb gi‡jI †e‡n‡¯— hv‡e| wewe Avqkv
cÖkœ Ki‡jb, GKwU mš—vb gi‡j? ivQyj DËi Ki‡jb,
GKwU mš—vb gi‡jI †e‡n¯— bwQe n‡e:| [`ª: †evLvix,
1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 353]
3. Avey †nvivqiv †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ¯^vgx hw`
¯^xq ¯¿x‡K weQvbvq Wv‡K Ges ¯¿x hw`
Zv‡Z
Am¤§wZ cÖKvk K‡i, hÏi“b ¯^vgx Amš‘wói mwnZ
ivwÎ hvcb K‡i, Z‡e †mB ¯¿xi ivwÎ Ggb Ae¯’vq
AwZevwnZ nq †h, †d‡i¯—vMY †fvi ch©š— mvivivZ
Zvnvi cÖwZ jvÕbZ I Awfkvc el©Y K‡ib| [`ª:
†evLvix, 3q LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 284]
4. mvnj Be‡b mvÕ` [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: bex [mv] e‡j‡Qb,
Avgvi D¤§Z †_‡K 70 nvRvi gZvš—‡i 70 j¶
[Abygvb e‡U!] †jv‡Ki GKwU `j †e‡n‡¯— hv‡e hviv

GK‡Î †e‡n‡¯—i `iRv AwZµg Ki‡e| Zv‡`i †Pnviv
c~wY©gvi Puv‡`i b¨vq D¾¡j _vK‡e| [`ª: †evLvix, 3q
LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 286]
5. D¤§yj Avjv [iv] e‡jb, ZLb Avwg g„Z Imgvb Be‡b
gRDb [iv] Gi cÖwZ j¶ K‡i ejjvg, †n Avey Qv‡qe!
Avwg Avcbvi R‡b¨ mv¶x w`w”Q Ges kc_ K‡i ejwQ
Avj−vn Avcbv‡K m¤§vwbZ Ges †e‡n¯—evmx K‡i‡Qb|
[Bj−xb wQw¾‡bi nvw`m¸wj Zv‡`i Rvbv wQj bv?]
GZ`kªe‡Y bex Avgv‡K ej‡jb, ÔZzwg wKfv‡e
wbwðZiƒ‡c Rvb‡j †h, †m †e‡n¯—evmx?Õ Avwg AviR
Kijvg, Avcbvi Rb¨ Avgvi gvZv-wcZv DrmM©, Bqv
ivQyjvj−vn! G e¨w³ †e‡nw¯— bv n‡q Avi †K †e‡n¯—
evmx n‡e! Z`yˇi ivQyj [mv] ej‡jb, ÔwbwðZiƒ‡c
mwVK AeMwZ GB e¨w³iB jvf n‡q‡Q| Ges AvwgI
AvkvKwi, †m Lye fv‡jv †c‡q‡Q|Õ AZtci nhiZ
[mv] kc_ K‡i ej‡jb ÔAvwg Avj−vni ivQyj, Z_vwc
Avwg ej‡Z cvwi bv †h, Avgvi cÖwZ Avj−vn wKiƒc
e¨envi Ki‡eb|Õ [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:
318]
6. Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: GK`v mvnvexMY GKwU
RvbvRvi wbKU w`‡q hvw”Q‡jb, Zviv g„Z e¨w³i
cÖksmv Ki‡jb| bex [mv] ej‡jb, wba©vwiZ n‡q
wM‡q‡Q| AZtci Ab¨ Avi GKwU RvbvRvi wbKU
w`‡q Pjvi mgq QvnvexMY g„Z e¨w³i wb›`v Ki‡jb|
GeviI bex [mv] ej‡jb, wba©vwiZ n‡q †M‡Q|
AZtci Igi wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, wK wba©vwiZ n‡q
wM‡q‡Q? bex [mv] ej‡jb, cÖ_g g„‡Zi cÖwZ †Zvgiv
cÖksmv K‡i‡Qv, †m Abyhvqx Zvi Rb¨ †e‡n¯— wba©vwiZ
n‡q‡Q| wØZxq g„Z‡K †Zvgiv Lvivc e‡j‡Qv| †m
Abyhvqx Zvi †`vRL wba©vwiZ n‡q‡Q| †Kvb †gvm‡jg
g„Z e¨w³i c‡¶ PviRb †jvK Zvi mr ev e` mv¶x

59

7.

8.
9.

10.

11.

`vb Ki‡e, Avj−vn Zv‡K wVK †m Abyhvqx †e‡n¯— ev
†`vhL `vb Ki‡eb| Avgiv wRÁvmv Kijvg, hw` 3
Rb mv¶x nq? bex [mv] ej‡jb, ZeyI| hw` 2 Rb
mv¶x nq?--ZeyI| AZtci Avgiv 1 Rb mv¶xi
welq wRÁvmv Kwi wb| [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvwR.
nK; c„: 343]
Avgi Be‡b gvBgyb [iv] e‡jb, byeyqv‡Zi c~‡e© GKUv
evbi e¨vwfPvi Kivq A‡bK evbi †mLv‡b mg‡eZ
n‡q Zv‡K iRg [e¨vwfPvix‡K cv_i gviv] Ki‡jv|
AvwgI Zv‡`i m‡½ †hvM w`‡q iRg Kijvg| [ `ª:
†evLvix, †gv¯—dv PwiZ, AuvKivg Luv, †gŠRy nvw`m
Aa¨vq]
ivQyjvj−vn e‡j‡Qb, †e¸Y me©‡iv‡Mi g‡nŠla| [`ª:
H]
nhiZ Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb,
hLb g„Z e¨w³‡K Ke‡i ivLv nq Ges ke evnKMY
`vdb Kvh© mgvß K‡i Zvi wbKU †_‡K †divi c‡_
iIqvbv nq gvÎ| GgbwK ZLbI Zvi GZUzKz mwbœK‡U
†h, †mLvb †_‡K Zvi cv`yKvi kã KY©‡MvPi nq;
GgZve¯’vq g„Z e¨w³i wbKU `yB Rb †d‡i¯—v G‡m
jvk‡K DwV‡q emvb Ges cÖkœ K‡ib: K. †Zvgvi
Avj−vn †K? L. Kvnvi e‡›`Mx K‡i‡Qv? M. †Zvgvi ag©
wK? N. Zzwg †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] cÖwZ wek¦vm G‡bwQ‡j?
Zzwg wKfv‡e Rvb‡Z †h, †m †gvnv¤§` [mv] Avj−vni
ivQyj? [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 348]
Avey AvBqye [iv] eY©bv K‡ib, GK`v bex [mv] weKvj
†ejv åg‡Y †ei n‡jb| cw_g‡a¨ GK cÖKvi kã ï‡b
ej‡jb, GK Bûw`‡K Ke‡i kvw¯— †`qv n‡”Q [Bnv
DnviB kã]| [ `ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. nK;
c„:352]
nhiZ Be‡b AveŸvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: GK`v bex [mv]

GKwU evMv‡bi wbKU w`‡q hvw”Q‡jb| Z_vq wZwb
`yÕwU Ke‡ii ga¨ †_‡K Keievmx‡`i weKU PxrKvi
kã ïb‡Z †c‡jb| Zv‡`i kvw¯— †`qv nw”Qj| wZwb
ej‡jb, ÔG Keievmx‡`i AvRve †`qv n‡”Q; Zv
hw`I †Kvb KwVY Kv‡Ri Rb¨ b‡n, Z‡e †Mvbvn AwZ
eo wQj| GK e¨w³ cÖmªve †_‡K mZK©Zv Aej¤^b
Ki‡Zv bv| wØZxq e¨w³ †PvMjLyix Ki‡Zv|Õ GB e‡j
wZwb GKwU †LRy‡ii Wvjv `yB LÛ K‡i `yB Ke‡i
†M‡o w`‡jb| GK e¨w³ AviR Ki‡jv, Giƒc †Kb
Ki‡jb? nhiZ [mv] DËi w`‡jb,Ô Avwg Avkv Kwi
Wvjv `yÕwU ïK&bv bv nIqv ch©š— Zv‡`i AvRve
Avj−vni Zid †_‡K jvNe Kiv n‡e|Õ [`ª: †evLvix,
1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 137]
12.Avmgv web‡Z AveyeKi [iv] eY©bv K‡ib, GKw`b
ivQyj [mv] e³…Zv Ki‡Z `uvwo‡q Ke‡ii gvbyl‡K †h
KwVY cix¶vi m¤§yLxb n‡Z n‡e, †m m¤ú‡K© eY©bv
†`b| hLb wZwb eY©bv w`‡jb ZLb Ke‡ii AvRv‡ei
fqvenZv ï‡b gymjgvbMY PxrKvi K‡i DV‡jb|-AZtci Zv‡K [Ke‡ii g‡a¨] †jvnvi ¸R© Øviv fxlY
AvNvZ Kiv n‡e [H ¸R© Øviv cvnvo‡K AvNvZ Ki‡j
Dnv evjyKv ¯‘‡c cwiYZ n‡Zv]| AvNv‡Zi †Pv‡U †m
GZeo PxrKvi K‡i DV‡e, hv Zvi Avk cv‡ki
mK‡j [eis `ywbqvi GKcÖvš— †_‡K Aci cÖvš— ch©š—
mK‡jB] ïb‡Z cvIqvi †hvM¨| Aek¨ gvbyl I R¡xb
RvwZ Zv kªeY K‡i bv--| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR.
nK; c„: 350-352]
gvwU‡Z MZ© K‡i giv ev jvk †hLv‡b ivLv nq; DnvB
cÖPwjZ fvlvq Kei| Dwj−wLZ nvw`m¸wj‡Z Kei AvRve
m¤^‡Ü †h mKj fq fxwZ cÖ`k©b Kiv n‡q‡Q, Dnv †mB
Kei, gvRvi ev †Mvi|
jvk ev gi‡`n BU-cv_i, gvwUi wXjv, cwiZ¨³ Rvgv-

60

Kvco A_ev RyZv ev GKwU cwiZ¨³ I cyiv‡bv Mvwoi m‡½
Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i ev‡n¨i
m‡½| Lv`¨-Lv`K MÖnY Kivi c‡i †hgb evn¨ Z¨vM Kwi,
g„Zy¨ MÖnY K‡i †Zgwb †`n Z¨vM Kwi| †`n bk¦i, Rxeb
Awebk¦i| GB Rxeb ev AvÍv †`‡n _vK‡Z A_©vr
RxweZve¯’vq †`‡ni gva¨‡g GB AvÍvB Kg©¸‡b myL-`y:L
Abyfe ev †fvM K‡i _v‡K; †`n bq| e¯‘Zc‡¶ †`‡ni
wbR¯^ †Kvb mË¡v‡eva †bB; RxweZ _vK‡ZI bq, g„Zz¨i
c‡i‡Zv bqB| GB AvÍvB Awbevh© Kvi‡Y †`n Z¨vM Kivi
ciI AZxZ eZ©gvb Kg©¸‡b Zvi djv dj †fvM K‡i
_v‡K| AZGe, GB gvÎ †`n Z¨vM Kiv AvÍv‡K gvÎ 4wU
cÖ‡kœi Rb¨ Ke‡i cwiZ¨v³ jv‡ki g‡a¨ XzwK‡q QIqvj
RIqv‡ei eqvb iv¶m-†Lv°‡mi M‡íi gZB| †Kvivb
Z_v ev¯—eZvi m‡½ Zvi †Kvb wgj †bB| ZeyI hw` †Kn
nvw`m¸wj wek¦vm Ki‡Z Pvb Z‡e m`¨ Ke‡ii cv‡k GKwU
KzKzi, weovj ev gyiMx †e‡a †i‡L cix¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
nvw`‡m ewY©Z jv‡ki PxrKvi gvbyl I R¡xb Qvov evwK
mK‡jB hLb ïb‡Z cvq! ZLb †`Lyb KzKzi ev weovjwU
jv‡ki PxrKv‡i nvU©‡dj K‡i wKbv A_ev `wo wQ‡o cvjvq
wKbv A_ev mvgvb¨UzKz I cÖwZwµqv j¶¨ Kiv hvq wKbv!! GB
mvgvb¨ cix¶vUzKz K‡i wb‡j †Mvi AvRv‡ei f‡q Ges
nvw`m mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶vi Rb¨ 2 ivKvZ bdj bvgvR I
G‡¯—Lvivi cÖ‡qvRb nÕ‡Zv bv|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ Kei AvRve m¤^‡Üi nvw`m¸wj KvíwbK
I wg_¨v fq cÖ`k©b K‡i g~L© gvbe‡`i a‡g©i †mevq
wb‡qvwRZ Kivi gvb‡m Wvnv wg_¨v iwPZ| nvw`m f³,
nvw`‡m kvqL Rbve AvwRRyj n‡Ki Dw³B Dnvi P~ovš—I
cÖK…ô cÖgvY: Ò-- g„Zz¨i ci QIqvj-Reve BZ¨vw`i ¯’vb
Kei ewj‡Z mgvwa ¯’j MZ© D‡Ïk¨ b‡n-- GZw™¢bœ g„Z
e¨w³‡K Ke‡i †d‡i¯—vMY KZ©„K DVv‡bv emv‡bv Ges g„Z
e¨w³i PxrKvi BZ¨vw`i nvj Ae¯’vi eY©bvmg~nI mvaviY

`„wó‡Z GK RwUj mgm¨v ewjqv cwiMwYZ| GB mgm¨vi
mgvavbI GB †h, H me nvj BnRM‡Zi mgvwa¯’j MZ©
b‡n-- Ó [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK;c„: 347]
Zv¾‡ei welq †h Dc‡i ewY©Z 9,10,11 I 12 bs
nvw`m¸wj kvqL AvwRRyj nK wb‡RB Abyev` K‡i‡Qb!
AZtci wb‡RB G¶‡Y A¯^xKvi Ki‡Qb!
g~jZt Kei AvRv‡ei nvw`m¸wj m¤^‡Ü nK mv‡n‡ei
wbR¯^ Dw³wU wb‡Ri Bgv‡bi wei“× n‡jI f³‡`i cÖkœev‡b
A_ev we‡e‡Ki Zvobvq, KwVY ev¯—eZvi wb‡®úl‡Y †Kvb
MZ¨vš—i bv †c‡q, ¯^-we‡ivax Dw³wU Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb|
ej‡Z wK! GiciI wZwb Ò†Kvivb †hgb mZ¨, nvw`mI
Z`ªƒc mZ¨; wbfy©j, m‡›`n †bB BZ¨vw`Ó c‡_-Nv‡U,
gmwR`-gvnwd‡j, eB cy¯—‡K Rxebfi KQg †L‡q Pj‡Qb|
KviY GUzKzB Zvi †ckv`vix ag© wk¶vi GKgvÎ c~uwR| Avi
ZvB e‡jB †evLvixi e½vbyev` K‡i Dnvi gRywi [QIqve]
cÖPzi A_© Avq K‡i‡Qb †Zv e‡UB Z`ycwi †e‡n¯— wbwðZ
Ávb K‡i, Zvi giûg Rb¥`vZv‡KI Dnvi Askx`vix‡Z¡i
`wjj K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`; AvwR. nK;
1g LÛ, ¸Riv‡qk Aa¨vq;c„: 6] c¶vš—‡i gnv bexI G‡nb
AwaKvi ev `vexi KvÛ-Ávb Ki‡Z mvnm cvbwb; Avi
wZwb fwel¨r Rvb‡Zb bv Ges Abygvb wfwËK K_v ej‡Zb
bv|
[GKwU NUbv: cÖKvk _v‡K †h, 1986 mv‡j [w`b, ZvwiL
g‡b †bB] Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwU [f`ª hye ms¯’v] XvKvi
Awd‡m ¯’vbxq gmwR‡`i R‰bK Bgv‡gi †bZ…‡Z¡ dwi`vev`
gv`ªvmvi cÖvq †`o kZ ag©vÜ DMÖcwš’ QvÎMY Avgv‡K †g‡i
†Qvqve nvwm‡ji Rb¨ ms¯’vi Awdm †NivI K‡i wKš‘
Avgv‡K bv †c‡q Awdm †f‡½Pz‡i ZQbQ K‡i; AZtci
†Wgiv _vbvq Awf‡hvM Ki‡j, cywjk G‡m cÖvq 50 Rb
hyeK †gvj−v‡`i a‡i wb‡q Av‡m| _vbvi I. wm G Avµg‡Yi
KviY wRÁvmv Kivq QvÎMY Awf‡hvM K‡ib †h, ÔD³

61

ms¯’vi m`m¨MY nvw`m gv‡b bv Ges ivQyj `uvwo‡q cÖmªve
K‡i‡QbÕ e‡j Ac-cÖPvi K‡iÕ BZ¨vw`| [e¯‘Zc‡¶
Ô`uvwo‡q cÖmªveÕ m¤^wÜq welqwU Zv‡`iB ¯^xK…Z †evLvix
nvw`‡miB eqvb Ges ¯^qs Rbve AvwRRyj nKB nvw`mwUi
e½vbyev` K‡i‡Qb; [†`Lyb: AÎ cy¯—‡Ki Ônvw`m msMÖ‡ni
BwZnvm I Zvi mgv‡jvPbvÕ Aa¨vq]| AZtci _vbvi R‰bK
`v‡ivMvi mfvcwZ‡Z¡ h_v mg‡q GKwU ev‡n‡mi [weZK©
mfv] Av‡qvRb K‡ib| D³ mfvq DMÖev`x QvÎMY Dwj−wLZ
AvwRRyj nK mv‡ne‡K Zv‡`i c‡¶ fvov K‡i Av‡bb|
mfvq Rbve AvwRRyj nK P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o w`‡q †NvlYv †`b
†h, Ò†Qnv †QËvi GKwU nvw`m wg_¨v cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvi‡j
GK j¶ UvKv cyi¯‹vi w`eÓ e‡jB Dˇii A‡c¶v bv
K‡iB Zr¶Yvr mfv Z¨vM K‡ib|
c~e© cÖKvwkZ Ôms¯‹viÕ cÖš’wU we¯^¯’ m~‡Î Zvi nv‡Z
nv‡Z †cuŠQv‡bv n‡q‡Q (Aa¨vcK †Mvjvg AvRg, gv.
†`jIqvi †nv‡mb‡KI (mvB`x)) wKš‘ AÁvZ Kvi‡Y AvRI
Zviv bxie i‡q‡Qb| nK mv‡ne‡`i cwifvlvq Ô†gŠbZv
m¤§wZi j¶Y, ÔAZGe wZwb wK ¯^‡NvwlZ Iqv`v f½ K‡i
j¶ UvKvi †`bv gv_vq wb‡q g„Zz¨ eiY Ki‡eb! bv Ôms¯‹viÕ
ev D³ MÖ‡š’i †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡eb! GUv Zvi wbR¯^ CgvbAvwK`vi welq| m¤cÖwZ Ôms¯‹viÕ ev‡Rqvß Kivi wcQ‡b
Zv‡`i nvZ _vK‡j GUvB cÖgvwYZ †h Ôms¯‹viÕ Gi
†gvKv‡ejvq Zviv civwRZ n‡qB N„Y¨ loh‡š¿i Avkªq
wb‡q‡Qb|]
*
22 me©Kv‡ji me©e„nr gvQwU [giv gvQ nvjv‡ji nvw`m ]
13. Rv‡ei [iv] eY©bv K‡i‡Qb, GK mgq imyjyj−vn
Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg GK `j ˆmb¨‡K
†Kviv‡qk‡`i GK `j ewY‡Ki cðv™¢veb Kivi Rb¨

mgy`ª ZxieZ©x iv¯—vq cvVv‡jb Ges Avey Ievq`v‡K
[iv] Avgxi ev cÖavb KZ©viƒ‡c wbhy³ K‡i w`‡jb|
ˆmb¨ `‡ji msL¨v wZb kZ wQj Ges AvwgI Zvnv‡`i
g‡a¨ GKRb wQjvg| cw_g‡a¨B Avgv‡`i Lv`¨ NvUwZ
†`Lv w`j| ZLb Avgv‡`i Avgxi Avey Ievq`v [iv]
Av‡`k Ki‡jb, cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki wbKU hv wKQy Lv`¨ e¯‘
Av‡Q me GKÎ Kiv †nvK| ZvB Kiv nj Ges `yB e¯—v
†LRyi gIRy` nj| AZtci wZwb ¯^qs cÖwZw`b Aí
Aí K‡i Lv`¨ Avgvw`M‡K e›Ub K‡i w`‡Z
jvM‡jb| GZ`&m‡Ë¡I Zv cÖvq wbt‡kl n‡q Avmj,
GgbwK Avgiv gv_vwcQy gvÎ GKwU Lyigv cvw”Qjvg|
NUbv eY©bvKvix Rv‡ei‡K [iv] GK e¨w³ wRÁvmv
Ki‡jv, gvÎ GKwU Lyigvq GKwU †jv‡Ki wK nZ ?
Rv‡ei [iv] ej‡jb, hLb H GKwU n‡ZI ewÂZ
_vK‡Z nj ZLb H GKwUiB g~j¨ †eva nj|
BwZg‡a¨B Avgiv mgy‡`ªi wbK‡U †cuŠ‡Q mgy`ª Zx‡ii
A`~‡i GKwU weivU evjyP‡ii b¨vq †`Ljvg| Avgiv
Dnvi wbKU Dcw¯’Z n‡q †`L‡Z †cjvg, Dnv GKwU
weivUKvq grm; hvnvi bvg ÒAv¤^i|Ó cÖ_‡g
Avgv‡`i Avgxi Dnv‡K GKwU g„Z Rxe e‡j †L‡Z
BZ¯—Z Ki‡jb| AZtci wZwb Avgvw`M‡K ej‡jb,
Bnv †L‡Z wØav‡eva Kivi KviY †bB, †h‡nZz Avgiv
iQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−v‡gi †cÖwiZ †jvK
Ges Avj−vni iv¯—vq evwni n‡qwQ| GZw™¢bœ †Zvgiv
mK‡jB Lv`¨vfv‡e AwZkq KvZi n‡q c‡o‡Qv, ZvB
†Zvgiv Bnv †L‡Z cvi| †mLv‡b Avgv‡`i `xN© GK
gvmKvj Ae¯’vb Ki‡Z nj| Avgiv wZb kZ ˆmwbK
`xN©Kvj ch©š— H grmwUB †L‡ZwQjvg, GgbwK H grm
LvIqvi d‡j Avgv‡`i kixi †gvUv-ZvRv n‡q †Mj|
Avgiv Dnvi †Pv‡Li MZ© †_‡K m~h© Zv‡c MwjZ ˆZj
Kjm f‡i f‡i DVvZvg Ges GZ GZ Kjm [Abyev`K

62

P¶z j¾vq Kj‡mi msL¨v wj‡Lb wb] DwV‡q wQjvg|
GK`v Avgv‡`i †mbvcwZ Avgxi Avey Ievq`v [iv]
Avgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 13 Rb †jvK‡K 13wU Kjmmn
Dnvi †Pv‡Li M‡Z©i g‡a¨ bvwg‡q w`‡jb| Ab¨
GKw`b wZwb Dnvi GKwU cuvR‡ii KuvUv DwV‡q
ai‡jb Ges Avgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K me©vwaK `xN©Kvq
e¨w³‡K me©vwaK DuPz GKwU D‡Ui Dci Av‡ivnY
Kwi‡q H KuvUvi Zj‡`k w`‡q hvZvqvZ Kiv‡jb,
Zvnv‡Z KuvUvwUi euvK Zvnvi gv_v ¯úk© Kij bv|
AZtci Avgiv Z_v n‡Z cÖZ¨veZ©‡bi cÖ¯‘wZ Kijvg
Ges m‡½ H gr‡m¨i wKQy LÛ wbjvg| g`xbvq G‡m
Avgiv iQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−v‡gi wbKU
c~Y© NUbv ejjvg| wZwb ej‡jb, Dnv Avj−vn
ZvÕAvjvi c¶ n‡Z †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ GKwU we‡kl
wiwhK I Lv`¨ mvgMÖx wQj| †Zvgv‡`i wbKU Dnvi
†Kvb Ask _vK‡j Avgv‡KI †L‡Z `vI| Avgiv wKQy
Ask Zuvnvi Rb¨ cvwV‡q w`jvg, wZwb Dnv †L‡jb
[gvQ hZ eoB †nvK, giv n‡jI Dnv nvjvj]| [
†evLvix; 3q LÛ,AvwR. nK; c„: 1]|
giv gvQ nvjvj Kivi BnvB GKgvÎ `wjj| GB `wjj‡K
mv¶x †i‡L b`x,Lvj, cyKz‡i cÖK…wZMZfv‡e g‡i †f‡m DVv
gvQ, N‡i wRwq‡q ivLv giv wRqj gvQ, gvQyqv‡`i wRwq‡q
ivLv cÖK…wZMZfv‡e giv wRqj gvQ Anin evRv‡i weµq
nq Ges Avgiv †L‡q PjwQ, hv †gv‡UB ˆea bq| †Kviv‡b
Dwj−wLZ Ògiv Rxe-Rš‘ nvivgÓ, A‡_©: cÖK…wZMZ Ges
¯^fvewm× Kvi‡Y †h mg¯— Rxe-Rš‘ [gvQ †nvK Avi gyiwMB
†nvK] gviv hvq DnvB nvivg| nvU-evRv‡i aivi c‡i †g‡i
†djv gvQ¸wj Ges †g‡i wd«R K‡i ivLv gvQ¸wj cÖK…wZMZ
Kvi‡Y giv bq †nZz Dnv nvivg bq|
nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K Dwj−wLZ cÖK…wZMZfv‡e giv KwíZ
†mB ˆ`Z¨ gvQwU Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wKQy‡ZB ˆea

wQj bv| Z‡e, nu¨v! c‡_-Nv‡U Avc‡`-wec‡` ¶zavi
Zvobvq GKgvÎ Rxeb i¶vi ZvwM‡` †Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ ïay
giv Rxe-Rš‘B bq eis †h †Kvb nvivge¯‘ f¶Y Kivi
AbygwZ Av‡Q, †mB `„wó‡KvY †_‡K nvw`‡m Dwj−wLZ
KvíwbK gvQwU Qvnvev‡`i Øviv fw¶Z nIqvq †`v‡li wKQy
†bB e‡j a‡i †bqv hvq; wKš‘ gnvbex [mv] Ggb †Kvb
Rxe‡bi SzwK‡Z wQ‡jb bv, AZGe Qvnvev‡`i enb Kiv
`yB-wZb gvm c~‡e©i †Zj Pzc‡m hvIqv cuPv I goK gvQ
wZwb †L‡q‡Qb, Ggb GwK‡bi c‡¶ †KvbB hyw³ †bB|
gvQwUi AvK…wZ-cÖK…wZi iƒc †iLv A¼b Ki‡Z wM‡q
wj‡L‡Qb, ÔwZwb Dnvi GKwU cuvR‡ii KuvUv DwP‡q ai‡jb
Ges Avgv‡`i ga¨ n‡Z me©vwaK `xN©Kvq e¨w³‡K me©vwaK
DuPz
GKwU D‡Ui Dci Av‡ivnY Kwi‡q H KuvUvi Zj‡`k w`‡q
hvZvqvZ Kiv‡jb, Zv‡Z KuvUvwUi euvK Zvi gv_v ¯úk© Kij
bv|Õ Ggb GKwU KuvUv Iqvjv gv‡Qi Ô†Pv‡Li †KvV‡i 13wU
Kjwmmn 13Rb ˆmb¨ †b‡g Kjwmi ci Kjwm †Zj
D‡ËvjY
K‡i‡QbÕ, ÔAZtci 300 ˆmb¨ 1 gvm hver Aby¨b wZb
†ejv
†cU cy‡i f¶Y Kivi c‡iI wKQy Ask gw`bvq ivQy‡ji
†L`g‡Z wb‡q G‡m‡Qb|Õ eY©bv¸wj ci¯úi AmvgvÄm¨
Ges
evjmyjf e‡U! KviY, ewY©Z KuvUvwUi D”PZv Abymv‡i gvQwU
hZeo Kíbv Kiv hvq; ewY©Z †Pv‡Li †KvVi Abymv‡i †m
gvQwU Zvi kZ¸Y ev ZviI †ewk Kíbv Ki‡Z nq| grm
we‡klÁ‡`i Kv‡Q Dwj−wLZ bgybvwU cÖ`vb Ki‡j ZvivB
gvQwUi †gvUvgywU GKUv AvK…wZ VvIi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb Ges
Zv‡Z nvw`mwUi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖgvY wgj‡Z cv‡i| nvw`‡m
ewY©Z 300 kZ ˆm‡b¨i Rb¨ Aš—Z 100 kZ DU wQj e‡j
a‡i

63

†bqv hvq A_ev †ewk-Kg DU Zv‡`i m‡½ wQj, wKš‘ H
D‡Ui Lv`¨-Lv`K wKfv‡e †hvMvo K‡iwQ‡jb, Zvi †Kvb
eY©bv cvIqv hvq bv|
14. nvw`mwU c~‡e©I ewY©Z n‡q‡Q, cÖ‡qvR‡b cybivq we¯—
vwiZ ewY©Z n‡jv; Avj−vn Zvqvjv AvÕ†jgyj Mv‡qewZwb c~e© nB‡Z me wKQy AeMZ Av‡Qb; Zuvnvi c¶
†_‡K ÁvZ n‡q iQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg
fwel¨ØvYx KiZt G me AevwÃZ g‡bvfv‡ei gy‡Lvk
Ly‡j w`‡q ¯^xq D¤§Z‡K mZK© K‡i wM‡q‡Qb| h_vivQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg e‡j‡Qb-†n
gymjgvb! mZK© †_‡Kv ; †m hyM `~‡i bq †h hy‡M Ggb
me †jv‡Ki Avwef©ve n‡e hviv †Muv‡d †Zj †g‡L
†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖPviYv Pvjv‡e †h, †KviAvb kix‡di
g‡a¨ hZUzKz nvjvj nvivg D‡j−L Av‡Q, ZZUzKzi DciB
Avgj Ki| bex [m:] e‡jb- ûwkqvi! Avwg mZK© K‡i
hvw”Q, †Zvgiv wbwðZiƒ‡c †R‡b ey‡S ü`q½g K‡i
ivL †h Avj−vni imyj, A_©vr Avwg †h e¯‘‡K nvivg
e‡j †NvlYv Kie DnvI Hiƒc nvivgB MY¨ hvi nvivg
nIqvi †NvlYv †KviAvb kix‡d Av‡Q| (†KviAvb
Avj−vni evYx Ges imy‡j hv ej‡eb ZvI ¯^qs Avj−vni
Zid †_‡KB Anx gvidZ cÖvß)| †hgb, Avwg
†NvlYv w`w”Q, M„n cvwjZ Mvav Ges wnsmª Rš‘ (LvIqv)
nvivg| --(Avey `vD` kixd)| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ,
AvwR. nK; gyLeÜ,c„:9]
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nvw`m g‡Z eb¨ Mvav, ¸Bmvc,
Li‡Mvk LvIqv nvjvj! [†evLvix,2q LÛ,AvaywbK
cÖKvkbx,c„: 541-543]
Bgvg †evLvix-†gvm‡jgmn 5 Lvwb nvw`‡mB Dwj−wLZ
nvw`mwU mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡ib wb e‡jB Zv‡`i Qwnn MÖ‡š’
nvw`mwUi ¯’vb nq wb| ZvQvov Bgvg Avey `vD‡`i MÖ‡š’i
KZ c„ôvq, KZ b¤^i nvw`m, ‡Kvb& †Kvb& Qvnvev‡`i eiv‡Z

BZ¨vw` †Kvb wKQyiB eivZ D‡j−L K‡ib wb| nvw`mwUi
g‡a¨ Òhviv †Mv‡d †Zj gvwLqvÓ GB AkvjxY evK¨wU
Aviexi g‡a¨ †bB| ïay ZvB bq nvw`mwUi e½vbyev‡`i
†ek wKQy Ask Abyev`‡Ki wbR¯^ Dw³ e‡jB cÖwZqgvb nq|
c¶vš—‡i †Kviv‡bi †NvlYv, ÒBqv AvBqy¨nvbœvexqy¨! wjgv
Zznvwi©gy gv- Avnj−vj−v- jvKvÓ [65:Zvnixgv-1] A_©: †n
bex! Avj−vn hv nvjvj K‡i‡Qb Zzwg Zv †Kb nvivg Ki‡Qv?
AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K nvw`mwUi †KvbB wfwË †bB|
15. Rv‡ei (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex e‡j‡Qb, Avwg mg¯—
ivQyjM‡Yi m`©vi; Avwg Me© Kwi bv| Avwg mg¯—
bexM‡Yi me©‡kl bex; Avwg Me© Kwi bv| Avwg
Avj−vni `iev‡i me©cÖ_g mycvwikKvix; Avgvi
mycvwik me©cÖ_g M„nxZ n‡e; Avwg Me© Kwi bv|
16. DevB Be‡b KvÕe (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex [mv]
e‡j‡Qb, †Kqvg‡Zi w`b GB m‡Z¨i c~Y© weKvk n‡e
†h, Avwg mKj bexM‡Yi Bgvg ev cÖavb Ges Zv‡`i
gyLcvÎ, Zv‡`i c¶ †_‡K mycvwikKvix Bnv‡Z Avgvi
†Kvb Me© †bB|
17. Avey †nvivqiv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex e‡jb, Avj−vni
wbKU Avgvi Rb¨ ÔIwQjvÕ jv‡fi †`vqv KwiI|
QvnvexMY AviR Ki‡jb, IwQjv wK wRwbm? ivQyj
ej‡jb, †e‡nk‡Zi m‡e©v”P ¯’v‡b Aew¯’Z gnj; hv
ïay GK e¨w³i Rb¨B ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q; Avkv Kwi
GKgvÎ AvwgB †mB e¨w³|
18. ivQyj (mv) e‡jb, GB hy‡M gyQv cqM¤^i RxweZ
_vK‡j Zvi Rb¨ Avgvi AvbyMZ¨ AbymiY Qvov MZ¨vš—
i _vK‡Zv bv|
19.ivQyj (mv) e‡jb, †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Av`g (Av) Ges wZwb
Qvov AviI hZ bex Av‡Qb mK‡jB Avgvi cZvKv
Z‡j _vK‡eb|
20. Avãyj−vn Be‡b AveŸvm (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyjvj−vn

64

e‡jb, Avj−vni wbKU c~e©vci mKj m„wói †miv
me©vwaK †kªô Avwg; Bnv ev¯—e mZ¨ Me© b‡n|
(wZiwgwR)
21. AvbvQ (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: Avj−vn g~Qv‡K (Av) ej‡jb,
ewb BmªvBj‡`i ej‡eb, †h‡Kvb e¨w³ Avgvi wbKU
Dcw¯’Z n‡e G Ae¯’vq †h, †m Avn¤§`‡K ¯^xKvi
K‡iwQj bv, Zv‡K Avwg †`vh‡L wb‡¶c Kie; †m
†h-B †nvK bv †Kb| gyQv (Av) AviR Ki‡jb,
ÔAvn¤§`Õ †K? Avj−vn ej‡jb, †n gyQv! Avgvi gn‡Ë¡i
eo‡Z¡i Kmg K‡i ejwQ Avgvi Ggb †Kvb m„wó †bB
†h Avgvi wbKU Zvi A‡c¶v gnvb I m¤§vwbZ n‡Z
cv‡i| Avmgvb-hwgb, P›`ª-m~h¨© m„wóiI (hvi cwigvY
eZ©gvb wnmve Abymv‡i) wek j¶ ermi c~‡e© Avgvi
bv‡gi mwnZ wgwkªZiƒ‡c Zuvi bvg Avi‡ki Mv‡q wj‡L
†i‡LwQ, Avevi Avgvi gn‡Ë¡i eo‡Ë¡i Kmg K‡i
ejwQ, gynv¤§` [mv] Ges Zvi D¤§Z †e‡n‡¯— cÖ‡ek bv
Kiv ch©š— Ab¨ mK‡ji Rb¨ †e‡nk‡Z cÖ‡ek wbwl×
_vK‡e|
22. Av`g (Av) †e‡n‡¯— Ae¯’vbKv‡j wewe nvIqv hLb Zvi
cwiYxZv mve¨¯— n‡jb Ges Df‡qi ïf wgjb jMœ
Dcw¯’Z n‡jv, ZLb wewe nvIqv gni Zje Ki‡jb|
Av`g (Av) Avj−vni wbKU wb‡e`b Ki‡jb, wK‡mi
Øviv Avwg gni Av`vq Kie? ûKzg Avmj, Avgvi
fvjevmvi cvÎ nvwee gynv¤§` [mv] Gi cÖwZ wekevi
`iƒ` cvV Ki“b| [`ª: aviv bs 15-21: †evLvix, 5g LÛ,
AvwR. nK; c„: 10-18]
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †d‡i¯—v‡`i †bZv Avhvhxj ÕAvwg
Av`‡gi †P‡q eoÕ GB mvgvb¨ An¼viUzKz Kivq Zvi mviv
Rxe‡bi ag©-Kg© I mvabv ee©vZ n‡q hvq, wPiKv‡ji Rb¨
Awfkß nq| nhiZ gyQv e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAvgvi †P‡q Ávbx
Avi †Kn †bB;Õ G An¼v‡ii `i“Y Zv‡K mvaviY A‡Pbv,

cwiPq wenxb GK e„‡×i Kv‡Q bv‡K LZ& w`‡Z n‡qwQj; GB
e„ׇK QybœxMY e‡j _v‡Kb wLwRi [Av:], Avng`xqvMY e‡jb
gynv¤§` [mv] wKš‘ Df‡qi wek¦vmB aviYv I Kíbv cÖmyZ;
KviY Zv‡`i Kv‡Q †Kvb hyw³ ev `wjj cÖgvY †bB|
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, mKj RvwZB
GKgvÎ An¼v‡ii `i“Y aŸsm n‡q‡Q| An¼vi †Kvb
Ae¯’v‡ZB ¶gvi †hvM¨ bq| G m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi wee„wZ
Abyhvqx GUvB cÖgvY nq †h, ÔAn¼viÕB wki‡Ki cÖavb
welqe¯‘ I ˆewkó¨| hvi ü`‡q hZUzKz An¼vi aviY K‡i
Av‡Q †m ZZUzKz wkiKx cv‡ci Avmvgx n‡q Av‡Q|
GB †Kvivb evi evi mv¶x †`q †h, GB ivQyj bZzb bq,
bZzb wKQy wb‡q Av‡mb wb; wZwb fwel¨r Rv‡bb bv;
†Kqvg‡Z Zuvi m‡½ Avj−vn †Kgb e¨envi Ki‡eb Zv wZwb
Rv‡bb bv BZ¨vw`| A_P GB wb‡`©vl, wb®‹j¼, wbin¼vi,
D`vi, gnvb, cyZ cweÎ Pwi‡Îi AwaKvix Avj−vni bex‡K
mvaviY †bZv‡`i †P‡qI †nq cªwZcbœ Ki‡Z kwiqwZ
Bgvg‡`i ü`q Kuv‡c wb| Me© Kivi c‡iI hw` e‡j †h,
ÕAvwg Me© Kwi wbÕ Zvi A_©B ÔM‡e©i Dc‡i Avevi
wg_¨v‡ivcY!Õ G mg¯— fvlY bex‡`i c‡¶ †h †kvfv cvq
bv, Ges wZwb Zv e‡jb wb, wKQy‡ZB ej‡Z cv‡ib bv; G
wek¦vm aviY Kiv cÖ‡Z¨K gymwj‡gi AKvU¨ `vwqZ¡| ZvQvov
nhiZ Beªvwng‡K ag© wcZv e‡j †Kvivb †Nvlbv K‡i‡Q Ges
Zvi cÖYxZ ag©B †gvnv¤§`mn [mv[ mKj bexMY AbymiY
K‡i‡Qb:
Avi Avwg †Zv Avgvi c~e© cyi“l Beªvwng, BmnvK I
BqvKz‡ei ag©B AbymiY KiwQ [12: BDmyd=88]
22 bs nvw`mwUi BwZnvm mK‡jiB Rvbv †h nhiZ
Av`g‡K Avj−vn wb‡la K‡iwQ‡jb †h, wewe nvIqvi m‡½
†hb †m m½Z bv nq; wKš‘ wewe nvIqv kqZv‡bi
cÖ‡ivPbvq Avj−vni Av‡`k fy‡j wM‡q Av`g‡K ‡hŠY wgj‡b
cÖjyä K‡i Ges Av`g Avj−vni Av‡`k Agvb¨ K‡i wewe

65

nvIqvi m‡½ wgwjZ nq Ges H Aciv‡ai `i“Y kvwš— ¯^iƒc
†e‡n¯— †_‡K weZvwoZ nq| c¶vš—‡i Avj−vnB Zv‡`i
we‡qi NUK I KvwRi `vwqZ¡ cvjY K‡ib, †hŠY †fv‡Mi
Rb¨ †gvnivbv avh© K‡i †`b; Ggb D™¢U wg_¨v‡ivcb ¯^qs
Avj−vni Dc‡iB Pvwc‡q‡Q|
23. kvwKK Be‡b mvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb,
Avwg Avãyj−vn I Avey gymvi (iv) wbKU wQjvg| Avey
gymv Zv‡K ej‡jb, †n Avãyi ingv‡bi wcZv! hw`
†Kvb Rybyex e¨w³ cvwb bv cvq Zvn‡j †m wK Ki‡e?
Avãyj−vn ej‡jb, cvwb bv cvIqv ch©š— bvgvh co‡e
bv| [Avãyj−vn GI e‡jb, hw` Avwg GKgvm hver cvwb
bv cvB ZeyI bvgvh coe bv] Avey gymv ej‡jb, Zvn‡j
Avcwb Av¤§v‡ii K_vi wK Reve †`‡eb? †Kbbv bex
[mv] Zv‡K e‡j‡Qb,ÔZvqv¤§yg K‡i †bqv †Zvgvi Rb¨
h‡_ó wQj|Õ wZwb Rev‡e ej‡jb, †`L‡Qb bv! Dgi
Zvi K_vq mš‘ó bb| Avey gymv ej‡jb, Av¤§v‡ii K_v
†Q‡o w`jvg| Avcwb Zvqv¤§y‡gi Avqv‡Zi wK Reve
†`‡eb? G cÖ‡kœ Avãyj−vn wK DËi †`‡eb wVK Ki‡Z
cvi‡jb bv| ZeyI wZwb ej‡jb, Ôhw` Avgiv
Zv‡`i‡K Zvqv¤§yg Kivi AbygwZ †`B, Zvn‡j cvwb
GKUz VvÛv n‡jB Zviv Ahy bv K‡i Zvqv¤§yg Ki‡Z ïi“
Ki‡e|Õ ivex myjvBgvb e‡jb, ÔAvwg kvKxK‡K
ejjvg, Avãyj−vn wK GB Kvi‡Y Zvqv¤§y‡gi AbygwZ
w`‡Zb bv?Õ wZwb ej‡jb, nu¨v| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g,
AvaywbK cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs 332,333, c„: 179]
nvw`mwU mg~n nvw`‡mi ¯^iƒc ev ˆewkó¨ Av‡iv †Lvjvmv
K‡i w`‡”Q|
*
23 gnvbexi cwievi m¤^‡Ü Ak−xj I gvbnvwbKi nvw`m
[ wKQy ¸i“Z¡c~Y© nvw`‡mi cybive„wË Av‡Q|]

1. †nvhvqdv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg GKw`b
nhi‡Zi m‡½ PjwQjvg| wZwb gnj−vi AveR©bv
†djevi ¯’v‡bi wbK‡U G‡m GKwU †`qvj gyLx n‡q
`uvwo‡q cÖmªve Ki‡jb| Avwg `~‡i m‡i hvw”Qjvg,
wZwb Avgv‡K Bmviv K‡i WvK‡jb; Avwg wbK‡U nvwhi
n‡q Zuvi (wc‡V wcV w`‡q wecwiZ gyLx) `uvwo‡q
iBjvg| (m¤§yL w`‡Ki c`©v wQj †`Iqvj Ges wcQb
w`‡K †nvhvqdv‡K `uvo K‡i ivQyj [mv] c`©vi e¨e¯’v
Ki‡jb; `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Kivi `i“b Kvco GKUz †ewk
DV‡e|) [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ: AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs164, c„:138; AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs-218220, c„:131|]
nvw`mwU m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv bv K‡i ïaygvÎ kv‡qL,
Avj−vgvMY c‡_-Nv‡U Zv‡`i f³‡K Abyiƒc †`qvj K‡i
`uvwo‡q cÖmªve K‡i mybœZwU cvjb Ki‡Z cvi‡eb wK bv!
A_ev †Kvb f³ ûhyi‡K Abyiƒc †`qvj Kivi Aby‡iva
Ki‡j ûhyi QybœvZwU cvjb Ki‡Z ivwR wK bv! Zv cix¶v
Ki‡jB nvw`mwUi mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖKvk cv‡e|
2. gymwjg Rbbx D‡¤§ mvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb
e‡jb, GKevi Avey Zvjnvi wewe D‡¤§ myjvBg (iv)
ivQy‡ji Kv‡Q G‡m ej‡jb, †n ivQyjvj−vn! Avj−vn
m‡Z¨i e¨vcv‡i j¾v K‡ib bv| Av”Qv ¯¿x‡jv‡Ki
¯^cœ‡`vl n‡j Zvi Ici †Mvmj dih nq wK? bex [mv]
ej‡jb, Ônuv hLb †m cvwb †`‡L|Õ D‡¤§ mvjvgv (iv)
wb‡Ri gyL †X‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, †n ivQyjvj−vn!
¯¿x‡jv‡KiI wK ¯^cœ‡`vl nq? wZwb ej‡jb, Ônu¨v hw`
cvwb †`L‡Z cvI| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK
cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs-273; c„: 150]
3. Avey AvBDe AvbQvix (iv) eY©bv K‡i‡Qb: ivQyjvj−vn
(mv) e‡j‡Qb, gj-gyÎ Z¨v‡Mi mgq †Kn †KejvgyLx
em‡e bv| †Kejvi w`‡K wcVI w`‡e bv, c~e© ev

66

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

cwðggyLx em‡e bv| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK;
nvw`m bs-114; c„: 125]
Avãyj−vn Be‡b Dgi (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb,
†jv‡Kiv e‡j, hLb Zzwg †ckve-cvqLvbvq em‡e,
ZLb Zzwg wKejvi w`‡K wKsev evqZzj †gvKvÏv‡mi
w`‡K gyL Ki‡e bv| Avwg GKw`b Avgv‡`i N‡ii Qv‡`
DVjvg †`Ljvg ivQyjvj−vn [mv] `ywU B‡Ui Dci e‡m
evqZzj †gvKvÏv‡mi w`‡K gyL K‡i cvqLvbv†ckv‡ei Rb¨ e‡m Av‡Qb| [ †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR.
nK; nvw`m bs-115, c„: 125|]
Avqkv (iv) e‡jb: Avwg ivQyjvj−vni [mv] Kvco †_‡K
exh© ay‡q w`Zvg; bL Øviv AvPwi‡q AZtci
gvgywjfv‡e ay‡q †djZvg Zvici wZwb Kvc‡oi cvwb
wfRv `vMmn bvgvh co‡Z †h‡Zb| [`ª:†evLvix 1g
LÛ; AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-166, 167, 216; c„:
138,139, 152]
gvqgybv e‡jb: Avwg bex [mv] Gi Rb¨ †Mvm‡ji cvwb
ivLZvg| wZwb Zuvi `y nvZ 2 evi wKsev 3 evi ay‡q
†dj‡Zb| Zvici wZwb euv nv‡Z cvwb w`‡q Zuvi
cyi“lv½ †aŠZ Ki‡jb--| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK
cÖKvkbx ; nvw`m bs 253, 268; c„: 144, 148;
AvwR. nK, nvw`m bs -186, c„: 144]
gvqgybv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, bex [mv]
Rvbvev‡Zi (m½‡gvËi) †Mvmj Ki‡jb| nvZ w`‡q
cyi“lv½ ayB‡jb, Zvici Zv †`qv‡j iM‡o ay‡q
†dj‡jb--| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx,
nvw`m bs-223-225; c„: 132, 133]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg I bex [mv]
GKB cvÎ n‡Z cvwb wb‡q GKB m‡½ Rvbvev‡Zi
†Mvmj KiZvg Ges Avgv‡`i Df‡qi nvZ Zv‡Z
co‡Zv| [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx;

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

nvw`m bs-253, c„: 144; AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs180, 181,189; c„: 143-145]
Av‡qkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg
ivQyjvj−vi [mv] kix‡i Lykey jvwM‡q w`Zvg| Zvici
wZwb wewe‡`i Kv‡Q †h‡Zb| AZtci mKv‡j
†Mvm‡ji ci Bnivg euva‡Zb| wKš‘ Zv m‡Ë¡I Zvi
kixi †_‡K Lykey Qwo‡q coZ| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ;
AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs-260, c„: 145]
AvbvQ Be‡b gvwjK I KvZv`v (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: Zviv
e‡jb, bex (mv) w`‡b ev iv‡Z ch©vqµ‡g [ga¨ewZ©
diR †Mvmj Qvov] 11 Rb wewei m‡½ m½g
Ki‡Zb| [9 Rb weevn my‡Î I 2 Rb kiwiqZx
¯^Z¡vwaKvi my‡Îi] KvZv`v e‡jb, Avwg AvbvQ‡K (iv)
wRÁvmv Kijvg, nhi‡Zi wK GZB kw³ wQj? wZwb
ej‡jb,Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ GB K_v cÖwm× wQj †h,
ivQyjvj−vni 30 Rb cyi“‡li kw³ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K
cÖvß wQ‡jb| [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ; AvwR. nK, nvw`m
bs-190,c„: 145]
Avey mvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg wewe
Avqkv‡K (iv) wRÁvmv Kijvg, bex (mv) wK Rybyex
(m½‡gvËi) Ae¯’vq wb`ªv †h‡Zb? wZwb e‡jb, nu¨v,
wKš‘ Ahy Ki‡Zb| [ †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK,
nvw`m bs-199-202; c„: 147]
Avey ûivBiv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex [mv] e‡j‡Qb,
cyi“lv½ hLb bvixi Pvi kvLvi g‡a¨ e‡m m½g K‡i
ZLb Aek¨B Zvi Ici †Mvmj dih nq| [†evLvix,
1g, LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs-282, c„: 152]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb gvwmK FZz Ae¯’vq
ivQy‡ji Pzj AvP‡o w`‡Zb| Ggb Ae¯’vq hLb ivQyj
[mv] gmwR‡` G‡ZKvd Ki‡Zb, wZwb Zuvi gv_v
Avqkvi w`‡K evwo‡q w`‡Zb Ges Avqkv gvwmK

67

14.

15.

16.

17.

Ae¯’vq wb‡Ri Ni †_‡K Zuvi Pzj AvP‡o w`‡Zb|
Avqkv e‡jb, Avgvi gvwmK FZz Ae¯’vq Avgvi
†Kv‡j †njvb w`‡q †Kvivb cvV Ki‡Zb| [`ª:
†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs 286288; c„: 158]
D‡¤§ Qvjgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg bexi
m‡½ GKB Pv`‡i ï‡q wQjvg| Ggb mgq Avgvi
gvwmK FZz †`Lv w`j| Avwg Pzwc Pzwc D‡V wM‡q
gvwm‡Ki b¨vKov cijvg| wZwb wR‡Ám Ki‡jb,
†Zvgvi wK †bdvm †`Lv w`‡q‡Q? Avwg ejjvg nu¨v|
wZwb Avgv‡K WvK‡jb, Avwg Zuvi m‡½ GKB Pv`‡i
ï‡q cojvg| D‡¤§ mvjgv AviI e‡jb, bex †ivRv
_vKv Ae¯’vq Avgv‡K Pz¤^b w`‡Zb Ges AvwgI bex
GKB cvÎ n‡Z cvwb wb‡q Rvbvev‡Zi †Mvmj
KiZvg| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx;
nvw`m bs-289, 311, 312, c„: 158,166]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg I bex
AcweÎ Ae¯’vq GKB cvÎ n‡Z cvwb wb‡q †Mvmj
KiZvg| Zuvi wb‡`©‡k FZz Ae¯’vq FZzi Kvco ciZvg
Ges wZwb Avgvi m‡½ wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb--| [`ª:
†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs290;c„: 159]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avgv‡`i †KD
FZzeZx n‡j Ges †mB Ae¯’vq ivQyjvj−vn [mv] Zuvi
m‡½ wgkvwgwk Ki‡Z PvB‡j Zv‡K FZzi cÖve‡j¨i
mgq FZzi KwU‡ek civi wb‡`©k w`‡Zb| Zvici
wZwb Zvi m‡½ wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb| Avqkv e‡jb,
†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †K bexi [mv] gZ wb‡Ri Kvg cÖe„wË
`gb Ki‡Z mg_©? [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK
cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs-291,c„: 159]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, ivQyj [mv] †Kvb

18.

19.

20.

21.

GK wewe i³ cÖ`i †ivM wb‡q Zuvi m‡½ G‡ZKvd
K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb (ivQyj) cÖevwnZ i³ I njy` is
†`L‡Zb| Avi Zvi †`‡ni wb‡P GKwU cvÎ ivL‡Zb|
G Ae¯’vqB wZwb bvgvh co‡Zb| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ,
AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs-299,c: 162]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avgv‡`i Kvi“i
wbKU GKUvi †ekx Kvco _vKZ bv| Kvi“i gvwmK FZz
n‡j Ges Kvc‡o i³ jvM‡j †m _y_y w`‡q Zv wfwR‡q
bK w`‡q iMovZ| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwRRyj
nK; nvw`m bs-218,c„: 153; AvaywbK cÖKvkbx nvw`m
bs-301,c„: 162]
Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewb©Z: wZwb e‡jb, GKRb ¯¿x‡jvK
Zv‡K ejj, Avgv‡`i †KD cvK nIqvi ci FZzKvjxb
bvgvh Kvhv Av`vq Ki‡e wK? wZwb ej‡jb, Zzwg
nvi“ivi Awaevwmbx? Avgiv bexi [mv] m‡½ _vKvKv‡j
FZzeZx nZvg| wKš‘ wZwb Avgv‡`i‡K bvgvh Kvhv
Kivi ûKzg w`‡Zb bv| A_ev Avqkv e‡jb, Avgiv
Zv Kvhv KiZvg bv|[ `ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK
cÖKvkbx nvw`m bs-310, c„: 166]
wewe Avqkv I D‡¤§ Qvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj
(mv) A‡bK mgq ¯^cœ †`vl QvovB Rybyex Ae¯’vq
mKv‡j DV‡Zb Zvici h_vixwZ †ivRv ivL‡Zb| [`ª:
wiqv`ym mv‡jnxb; 3q LÛ. Av. G Zvwje; c„: 163]
Avey ûivBiv †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, GK`v bvgv‡hi
GKvgZ ejv nj Ges `uvovb Ae¯’vq KvZvi wVK Kiv
n‡jv| Ggb mgq ivQyjvj−vn (mv] Avgv‡`i wbKU
Avm‡jb Ges hLb †gvmvj−vq `uvov‡jb, ZLb Zvi
¯§iY n‡jv †h wZwb Rybyex| ZLb wZwb Avgv‡`i‡K
ej‡jb, Ò†Zvgiv wbR wbR ¯’v‡b Ae¯’vb Ki|Ó wZwb
wd‡i wM‡q †Mvmj K‡i Avm‡jb| wZwb hLb Avgv‡`i
wbKU Avm‡jb, ZLb Zvi gv_v †_‡K cvwb

68

UcKvw”Qj| wZwb ZKexi ej‡jb Ges Avgiv Zvi
m‡½ bvgvh cojvg| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR.
nK; nvw`m bs-193; c„: 145]
22. Avey ûivBiv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, bex [mv]
e‡j‡Qb, ebx BmivBjMY Dj½ n‡q †Mvmj KiZ
Ges G‡K Aci‡K †`LZ| wKš‘ gyQv (Av) GKv †Mvmj
Ki‡Zb, G Kvi‡Y Zviv ejZ Avj−vni Kmg †Kvl e„w×
†ivM _vKvi `i“Y gyQv Avgv‡`i m‡½ †Mvmj K‡i bv|
GKevi gyQv cv_‡ii Dci Kvco †i‡L †Mvmj Ki‡Z
jvM‡jb| Ggb mgq cv_i KvcowU wb‡q cvwj‡q
†Mj| wZwb cv_‡ii wcQ‡b wcQ‡b, Ôcv_i Avgvi
Kvco `vIÕ e‡j †`Šov‡Z jvM‡jb| d‡j ewbBmivBjMY Zv‡K †`‡L †djj| Zviv ejj Avj−vni
Kmg gyQvi †Kvb LuyZ †bB| wZwb wb‡Ri Kvco †bqvi
ci cv_‡i AvNvZ Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| Avey ûivBiv
e‡jb, Avj−vni Kmg, †mB cv_iwU‡Z GLbI QqmvZwU AvNv‡Zi wPý i‡q‡Q| Avey ûivBiv †_‡K
AviI ewY©Z: bex [m&] e‡j‡Qb, GKevi AvBqye (Av)
Dj½ n‡q †Mvmj KiwQ‡jb| Ggb mgq Zvi Ici
†mvbvi c½cvj co‡Z jvMj| wZwb †m¸‡jv Kvc‡o
fi‡Z jvM‡jb| Ggb mgq Avj−vn Zv‡K †W‡K
ej‡jb, Ô†n AvBqye! Avwg wK †Zvgv‡K Gme n‡Z
AgyLv‡c¶x Kwi wb?Õ Rev‡e wZwb e‡jb, Ô †n ie,
wbðqB Zzwg Avgv‡K Gme †_‡K Ag~Lv‡c¶x K‡iQ|
wKš‘ Avwg †Zvgvi eiKZ †_‡K AgyLv‡c¶x bB|Õ [`ª:
†evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-195; c„:
146]
23. wewe AvwQqv I wewe gwiqg †e‡n‡¯— bexRxi m‡½
we‡q em‡eb| [`ª: †evLvix, 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:
36,ÔdzU‡bvUÕ c„: 36]
24. ivQyjvj−vn (mv) e‡jb, [Ab¨vb¨ wewe‡`i Zzjbvq wewe

Avqkvi we‡klZ¡ Av‡Q;] Ôwewe Avqkvi (iv) N‡i
ïB‡j Awn Av‡m, Ab¨vb¨ wewe‡`i N‡i ïB‡j Awn
Av‡m bv| [`ª: c~Y© nvw`mwU ÔPvi wewe ˆea bqÕ Aa¨v‡q
Av‡Q|]
25. nhiZ Rv‡q` web nv‡iQv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj
e‡jb †h, cÖ_g cÖ_g hLb Zvnvi cÖwZ Inx bvwRj
nw”Qj ZLb GKevi wReªvBj Zvi wbKU Avm‡jb Ges
Zv‡K Ahy I bvgvR wk¶v w`‡jb Ges ZLb wZwb Ihy
mgvß K‡i GK †Kvl cvwb jB‡jb Ges Dnv Avcb
cyi“lv‡½i Dci wQwU‡q w`‡jb| [`ª: Avng`,
`vivKzZbx I wZiwgwR; nvw`m bs 338 I 339]
26. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex Kixg (mv) †ivRv
Ae¯’vq Zv‡K Pz¤^b Ki‡Zb Ges Zvi wRnŸv Pzl‡Zb|
[`ª: Avey `vD`; nvw`m bs-1908]
27. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) e‡jb, ÒGK`v ivw·Z Avwg
ivQyj‡K [mv] †cjvg bv| (Zvjv‡k evwni n‡q) †`wL
wZwb ÔevKxÕ bvgK †Mvi¯’v‡b Av‡Qb| (Avgv‡K †`‡L)
ej‡jb, Ò Av‡qkv Zzwg wK g‡b K‡iQ †h Avj−vn I
Zvi ivQyj †Zvgvi cÖwZ AwePvi K‡i‡Qb?Ó Avwg
ejjvg Bqv ivQyjvj−vn! (mZ¨B) Avwg aviYv K‡iwQjvg
†h, Avcwb Avcbvi Aci †Kvb wewei N‡i wM‡q‡Qb|
ZLb ûRyi ej‡jb, Ò Avj−vn Aa© kvev‡bi ivw·Z
wbKUZg Avmgv‡b AeZxY© nb Ges Kje †Mv‡Îi †gl
cv‡ji ckg msL¨viI AwaK e¨w³‡K ¶gv K‡ib| [`ª:
wZiwgwR, Be‡b gvRv; nvw`m bs-1225] (nvw`mwU
m¤^‡Ü R‰bK †gv: dvi“K †Kv‡ikx e‡jb. ÒAv‡qkv
(iv) hLb g`xbvq Av‡mb ZLb Zvi eqm gvÎ 9 ermi
Ges evKx †Mvi¯’vb g`xbv †_‡K 3 gvBj `~‡i; AZGe
9 erm‡ii wK‡kvix ev c~Y© †hŠebv wewe Avqkv GKvKx
Mfxi iv‡Î H `~iewZ© wbR©b †Mvi¯’v‡b wK K‡i
†M‡jb!)

69

28. wewe Avqkv (iv) e‡jb, ÒivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, hLb
cyi“‡li LZbv ¯’j ¯¿xi LZbv ¯’‡j cÖ‡ek Ki‡e ZLb
Df‡qi †Mvmj diR n‡e| Avwg I ivQyj (mv] Bnv
K‡iwQ AZtci †Mvmj K‡iwQ| [`ª: wZiwgwR, Be‡b
gvRv; nvw`m bs-496]
29. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) e‡jb, GKevi bex Kixg [mv]
Avgv‡K ej‡jb, ÔgmwR` †_‡K Avgv‡K gv`yiwU G‡b
`vI|Õ Avwg ejjvg, Avwg FZzgZx AvwQ| wZwb
ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgvi FZz †Zvgvi nv‡Z †bB|Õ [`ª:
gymwjg, nvw`m bs-504]
30. wewe Avqkv (iv) e‡jb: ÔGK`v ivQyj [mv] ej‡jb,
ÔGB mKj N‡ii `iRv gmwR‡`i w`K †_‡K
(Ab¨w`‡K) wdwi‡q `vI| †Kbbv Avwg gmwR`‡K
FZzgZx ¯¿x‡jvK I Rybye e¨w³i Rb¨ Rv‡qR g‡b Kwi
bv| [`ª: Avey `vD`, nvw`m bs-433]
[nvw`m my‡Î †Kvb GKUv ev` ev fyj _vK‡j: †evLvix, 1g
LÛ; AvwRRyj nK; ÕARy, †Mvmj,†ivRv, bvgvR I nv‡qR‡bdvm Aa¨vq Ges †evLvix 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx,
c„:132 †_‡K 179 Gi g‡a¨ cvIqv hv‡e|]
†Kvivb ب_©nxb fvlvq mv¶x †`q, we`vq n‡¾i
Avivdvi gv‡V gnvbexi HwZnvwmK †kl fvl‡Y mv¶x †`q
†h, Zuvi RxweZve¯’vqB †Kviv‡bi †QvU-eo, LywUbvwU
hveZxq welq mnR-mijfv‡e Rbmvavi‡Yi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q
w`‡q‡Qb hv mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦i †Kvb `‡jiB m‡›`n ev
wØgZ †bB| AZGe Ggb †Kvb welq evwK wQj bv, hv Zvi
wZ‡ivav‡bi ci Zvi c¶ n‡q Zvi weweM‡Yi IqvR bwQnZ
K‡i gnvbexi Am¤ú~Y© `vwqZ¡ cyiY Ki‡Z n‡e| †Kvivb
wewe‡`i †m `vwqZ¡ ev AwaKvi KLbI †`q wb| kwiq‡Zi
g‡Z bex ev bex‡Z¡i ¯’vei-A¯’vei †Kvb wKQyiB Iqvixk
ev DËivwaKvi _v‡K bv e‡jB Zvui Idv‡Zi ci wcÖq Kb¨v
Afvwebx wewe dvwZgv (iv) Ggb wK wcZvi mvgvb¨ Rwgi

Iqvix‡ki `vex Ljxdv nhiZ AveyeKi [iv] wØavnxb wP‡Ë
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i gnvbexi bex‡Z¡i IqvixkDËivwaKvi Ôbv‡q‡e-ivQyjÕ A_©vr ivQy‡ji †m‡µUvix,
mwP‡ei `vwe`vi Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P, Awj‡Z-Mwj‡Z
cwijw¶Z nq|
Dwj−wLZ Ak−xj nvw`m¸wj bexi cyZ-cweÎv wewe‡`i
eiv‡Z iwPZ n‡q‡Q| A_©vr QvnvevMY bexi wewe‡`i Kv‡Q
H mKj Ak−xj cÖkœ¸wj K‡i‡Qb| Avi weweMYI j¾vki‡gi gv_v †L‡q ci cyi“l‡`i Kv‡Q DËi¸wj w`‡q‡Qb!
Avi Avgiv nZfvMv †gvmjgvbMY AKvZ‡i Zv wek¦vm K‡i
KvíwbK †e‡n‡¯—i `vex`vi n‡q bexi wg_¨v Kj¼
Avw`Kvj †_‡K enb K‡i PjwQ! cÖK…Zc‡¶B hw` QvnvevMY
bexi wewe‡`i Kv‡Q G mKj cÖkœ¸wj Ki‡Zb, Z‡e Aek¨B
weweMY Zv‡`i †Pnviv †gvevi‡K cv‡qi Ry‡Zv Qy‡o w`‡q
ej‡Zb †h, Ô†n wbj©¾¨, †e‡jnvR bicï QvnvevMY!
bexRxi RxweZve¯’vq Ges Zvi mvnP‡h© †_‡K †Zvgiv
†Zvgv‡`i wewe‡`i m‡½ wKiƒc e¨envi Ki‡Z?Õ
AvR 14 kZ ermi eq‡mva© Bmjv‡gi aviKevnK‡`i G mKj AvcwËKi nvw`‡mi Revew`wnZv PvB‡j
Zviv e‡jb, Ô Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_© wewe‡`i cÖkœ Kiv
hv‡qR wQj|Õ AvR H GKB hyw³ †`wL‡q Avgv‡`i gv-†evb
mg Zv‡`i wewe‡`i Kv‡Q H mKj cÖkœ Kiv n‡j gydwZ
kv‡qLMY KZUzKz hv‡qR ev mybœZ cvj‡Y †Qvqv‡ei wbðqZv
†`b??
*
24 Avey †nvivqivi [iv] msw¶ß Rxebx
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡li Av‡jv‡K:
ÒwZwb `w¶Y Avi‡ei AvR`& †Mv‡Îi myjvqg Be‡b
dvng& es‡kv™¢‚Z| ÔAvey ûivqivÕ Dcbv‡g wZwb mgvwaK

70

cwiwPZ| Zvi cÖK…Z bvg m¤^‡Ü ci¯úi we‡ivax eY©bv `„ó
nq| AwaKZi wek¦¯— weeiY g‡Z Zvi bvg Avãyi-ingvb
Be&b mvÕLi A_ev Dgvqi Be&‡b Avwgi| weov‡ji cÖwZ
†ønvwa‡K¨i Rb¨ wZwb Avey ûivqiv [A_©vr †QvU weov‡ji
wcZv] bv‡g AwfwnZ nb| GB Dcbv‡gi RbwcÖqZv Zvi
Avmj bvgwU‡K Avovj Kwiqv `uvovq|
Avey ûivqiv [iv] û`vqweq¨vi mwÜ Ges Lvqei
[7/629] hy‡×i Aš—e©Zx© mg‡q gw`bvq AvMgY K‡i Bmjvg
MÖnY K‡ib| ZLb Zvi eqm wÎk erm‡ii gZ| ZLb †_‡K
wZwb ivQy‡ji [mv] cweÎ mvnPh© Aej¤^b K‡ib| Ges
ÔAvmnveym& myddviÕ Aš—f©~³ nb| cÖ_g w`‡K wZwb ¶zwYœe„wËi
Rb¨ hZUzKz cÖ‡qvRb ïay ZZUzKz cwigvY gRy‡ii KvR
Ki‡Zb| h_v: R½j n‡Z R¡vjvbx msMÖn, gwb‡ei D‡Ui
iwk †U‡b Pjv BZ¨vw`--|
ivQyj †h Lv`¨ nvw`qv †c‡Zb, cÖvq mgqB Zv Avmnveym&
myddvi g‡a¨ e›Ub K‡i w`‡Zb| Avey ûivqivi fv‡M
hZUzKz coZ, AZ¨š— Ach©vß n‡jI Zvnv †L‡q w`b KvwU‡q
w`‡Zb| mvnvexMY Zv‡K KLbI ¶zavq KvZi †`L‡j wb‡Ri
M„‡n †W‡K G‡b Avnvi Kiv‡Zb| GK`v Rvdi Be‡b Avey
Zvwje Zv‡K m‡½ wb‡q hvb; wKš‘ N‡i wKQy bv _vKvq
wNÕGi ïb¨ cvÎwU nvwRi Ki‡jb| Avey †nvivqiv Zv-B
†P‡U ¶zwYœe„wËi cÖqvm †c‡jb| A‡bK mgq †LRyi Avi
cvwb ‡L‡qB wZwb w`‡bi ci w`b KvwU‡q w`‡Zb| KLbI
KLbI †c‡U cv_i †eu‡a ï‡q _vK‡Zb; wKš‘ †Kvb w`b
Kv‡iv wbKU wKQy PvB‡Zb bv| --mvnvex‡`i hy‡MB Avey
†nvivqiv KZ©„K Aci mK‡ji A‡c¶v AwaKZi nvw`m
eY©bv m¤ú‡K© cÖkœ DÌvwcZ nq| Dˇi Avey †nvivqiv ¯^qs
e‡jb, ÒAvgvi m¤^‡Ü Awf‡hvM, Avwg †Kgb K‡i GZ
AwaK msL¨K nvw`m eY©bv Kwi| Bnvi KviY--|Ó
ivQy‡ji mgq Avey †nvivqiv [iv] msmvi weivMx Pig
`vwi‡`ª w`b KvUv‡jI cieZ©x Rxe‡b wZwb we‡q K‡i

msmvix nb| mš—vb-mš—wZi wcZv nb Ges ab m¤ú‡`i
AwaKvix nb| Bmjvgx kwiq‡Z Zvi ey¨rcwË, we`¨v-eyw× I
cÖÁvq Ig‡ii [iv] Mfxi Av¯’v wQj| wZwb Zv‡K evnivqb
cÖ‡`‡ki kvmbKZ©v wbhy³ K‡i wQ‡jb| wKš‘ A_© m‡qi
Acev‡` Zv‡K eiLv¯— K‡ib| h_v wewnZ AbymÜv‡bi
gva¨‡g m‡›`n `~i n‡j c‡i Zv‡K cybivq D³ c` MÖn‡Yi
Aby‡iva Rvbvb| wKš‘ Avey ûivqiv [iv] Gi AvnZ AvÍ
m¤£g†eva D³ c` cybt MÖn‡Y Zv‡K wbi“rmvn K‡i †Zv‡j|--Avey †nvivqiv n‡Z ewY©Z nvw`‡mi msL¨vwa‡K¨i Rb¨
Zvi nvw`m mvaviYZ AMÖvn¨ g‡b K‡ib| wKš‘ Bnvi cðv‡Z
†Kvb MÖnY†hvM¨ hyw³ †bB--|Ó [ msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl;
1g LÛ; Avey †nvivqiv Aa¨vq; c„: 57]
mgv‡jvPbv
gnvbexi †kl Rxe‡b A_©vr 60 ermi e‡q‡mi mgq
30 erm‡ii Avey †nvivqiv †gvm‡jg nb| A_©vr gvÎ 3
ermi ivQy‡ji mvnP‡h© wQ‡jb| †gvm‡jg nIqvi c‡iI
Zvi e¨w³MZ Rxeb wQj †eKvi, Kg© wegyL, Ajm I
feNy‡i| Avi Ggb D‡j−L‡hvM¨ e¨w³ wQ‡jb †h Zvi mwVK
bvgwU ch©š— †Kn Rvb‡Zb bv| AvRI †Kn mwVK K‡i Zvi
bvg ej‡Z cv‡ib bv|
Kw_Z nq ivQyj Zv‡K weov‡ji evc Dcvwa †`b| KviY
m¤ú‡K© e‡j‡Qb: Avey †nvivqiv cÖPzi weovj cvj‡Zb|
weovj Ggb GKwU Rxe, Zv‡K wbqwgZ Lvevi bv w`‡j †m
Kv‡iv cÖfyZ¡ ¯^xKvi K‡i bv| c¶vš—‡i Avey †nvivqiv
w`‡bi ci w`b D‡cvl _vK‡Zb; ej‡Z evav †bB †h,
weov‡ji gZB A‡b¨i ïb¨ wNÕGi cvÎ †P‡U †L‡q wb‡RB
weov‡ji `vwqZ¡ m¤úbœ Ki‡Zb| AZtci weovj‡K wK
LvIqv‡Zb! †KbB ev weovj Zv‡K wN‡i Nyi Nyi Ki‡Zb !
¶zavi Zvobvq †c‡U cv_i †e‡a ï‡q _vK‡Zb| Pig ¶zav_©
gvbyl ¶zavi Zvobvq †c‡U cv_i euva‡j KZUzKz ¶zavi wbe„Ë
nq Avi †Kgb Avivg Av‡qk Abyf‚Z nq; †gvnv‡ÏmM‡Yi

71

mvgvb¨UzKz Bnvi ev¯Ze AwfÁZv _vK‡j GgbwU Avi
wjL‡Zb bv| Dciš‘ gnvbexi bv‡gI †c‡U cv_i evavi
nvw`m iwPZ n‡q‡Q|
weovj cvj‡Zb e‡jB Avj−vni bex gm&Kiv K‡i ÔAvey
†nvivqivÕ †LZve w`‡q‡Qb, †mUv GKRb bexi c‡¶ †kvfv
cvq bv| ZvQvov Ggb A‡bK Qvnvev wQ‡jb, hviv kZ kZ
nvRvi nvRvi DU, †fov, `y¤^vi gvwjK wQ‡jb A_P
Zv‡`i‡K ÔD‡Ui evevÕ, Ô†fovi evevÕ Ô†LRy‡ii evevÕ
A_ev Ô`y¤^vi evevÕ †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡i‡Qb Ggb †Kvb
BwZnvm iwPZ nq wb| AZGe wZwb weovj ¯^fv‡ei wQ‡jb
e‡jB Zv‡K ÔAvey †nvivqivÕ †LZv‡e f~wlZ K‡i‡Qb e‡j
g‡b nq; GB aviYvi ¯^c‡¶ wbæ ewY©Z wKQy hyw³ I `wjj
cÖgvY j¶¨Yxq :
Kw_Z nq ivQy‡ji mgq wZwb evqZzj gv‡ji cvnviv`vi
wQ‡jb; ZLb `vwq‡Z¡i ei‡Ljvc, Nyl ev †h †Kvb e¨w³MZ
†jv‡fB †nvK gvj cvPv‡ii mn‡hvMxZvq ci ci wZb evi
ivQyj KZ©„K Awfhy³ nb| NUbvwU Av‡jg †gvnv‡ÏmMY †VuvU
euvKv Ki‡Z A_©vr K‚U-†KŠk‡j eY©bv K‡ib e‡jB
mvavi‡Yi †Pv‡L aiv c‡o bv| †`Lyb:
1. Avey †nvivqiv †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, ÒivQyjvj−vn
mv‡j−j−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−vg Avgv‡K ighv‡bi
hvKvZ (mv`Kv‡q wdZi) msi¶Y I cvnviv †`evi
`vwqZ¡ w`‡jb| G `vwqZ¡ cvjYKv‡j GK e¨w³ Avgvi
Kv‡Q Avmj Ges Lv`¨e¯‘ Zz‡j wb‡Z jvM‡jv| Avwg
Zv‡K a‡i †djjvg| Zv‡K ejjvg: Avwg †Zvgv‡K
Aek¨ ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi
†L`g‡Z †ck Kie| †m ejj : ÔAvwg GKRb Afvex,
mš—vb‡`i †evSvI Avgvi Nv‡o Av‡Q Ges cÖ‡qvRbI
Avgvi Lye †ekx|Õ Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg| mKvj
n‡q †Mj| ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−vg
ej‡jb: Ò†n Avey ûivBiv ! MZ iv‡Z †Zvgvi K‡qw`

wK Ki‡j?Ó Avwg ejjvg: †n Avj−vni ivQyj! †m
Zvi Afve I mš—vb‡`i K_v ejj, ZvB Avwg `qv
ciek n‡q Zv‡K †Q‡o w`‡qwQ| wZwb ej‡jb, Ò†m
Aek¨ †Zvgv‡K wg_¨v e‡j‡Q| Z‡e Avevi †m
Avm‡e|Ó ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi
K_vq Avwg Rvb‡Z cvijvg, †m Avevi Avm‡e|
Kv‡RB Avwg Zvi Rb¨ Auvwo †c‡Z _vKjvg| †m G‡m
Lv`¨e¯‘ wb‡Z jvMj| Avwg ejjvg : †Zvgv‡K Avwg
Aek¨ ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi
Kv‡Q nvwRi Kie| †m ejj, ÒAvgv‡K †Q‡o `vI,
KviY Avwg Afvex Avi mš—vb‡`i †evSvI Avgvi Ici
Av‡Q| Gici Avwg Avi Pzwi Ki‡Z Avme bv|Ó Zvi
K_vq `qv ciek n‡q Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg|
ciw`b mKv‡j ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv
mvj−vg Avgv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb: Ò†n Avey ûivBiv,
MZ iv‡Z †Zvgvi e›`x wK Ki‡j?Ó Avwg ejjvg: †n
Avj−vni ivQyj! †m Afve I mš—vb cvj‡Yi e¨qfv‡ii
Awf‡hvM Kij| Kv‡RB Avwg `qv ciek n‡q Zv‡K
†Q‡o w`jvg| wZwb ej‡jb, ÒAek¨ †m †Zvgv‡K
wg_¨v e‡j‡Q| Z‡e †m Avevi Avm‡e|Ó Gici Avwg
Z…Zxqevi Zvi Rb¨ Auvwo †c‡Z _vKjvg| †m G‡m
Lv`¨e¯‘ miv‡Z jvMj| Avwg Zv‡K a‡i †djjvg|
Avwg ejjvg, Avwg Aek¨ †Zvgv‡K ivQyjyj−vn
mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi Kv‡Q †ck Kie|
KviY GB wb‡q wZbevi Zzwg e‡jQ †h, Zzwg Avi
wdi‡e bv| wKš‘ cÖ‡Z¨K ev‡iB Zzwg wd‡i G‡mQ| †m
ej‡jv : ÒAvgv‡K †Q‡o `vI| Avwg †Zvgv‡K Ggb
wKQy Kv‡jgv wkwL‡q †`e hvi d‡j Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K
jvfevb Ki‡eb|Ó Avwg ejjvg: †m¸‡jv wK? †m
ej‡jv: ÒhLb weQvbvq Nyg‡y Z hv‡e, AvqvZzj Kziwm
co‡e| Gi d‡j Avj−vni c¶ †_‡K †Zvgvi Ici me

72

mgq GKRb wndvRZKvix wbhy³ _vK‡e Ges kqZvb
†Zvgvi av‡i Kv‡Q †Nul‡Z cvi‡e bv| G fv‡e mKvj
n‡q hv‡e|Ó G K_v ï‡b Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg|
ciw`b mKv‡j ivQyjvj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv
mvj−vg G‡m Avgv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, ÒMZ iv‡Z
†Zvgvi K‡qw` wK Ki‡j?Ó Avwg ejjvg, †n Avj−vni
ivQyj! †m Iqv`v Kij †h, †m Ggb wKQy Kv‡jgv
Avgv‡K wkwL‡q †`‡e hvi d‡j Avj−vn Avgv‡K
jvfevb Ki‡eb| d‡j Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg| wZwb
wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, Ò†m¸‡jv wK?Ó Avwg ejjvg, †m
Avgv‡K ej‡jv, Zzwg weQvbvq Nygy‡Z hvevi mgq
AvqvZzj Kzimx co‡e--cÖ_g †_‡K ïi“ K‡i †kl
AvqvZ ch©š— : Avj−vû jv-Bjv-nv Bj−vûqvj nvBDg
KvBDg-Gi †kl ch©š—| Avi †m Avgv‡K GI e‡j‡Q
†h Gi d‡j Avj−vni c¶ †_‡K GKRb wndvRZKvix
me mgq †Zvgvi Ici wbhy³ _vK‡e Ges kqZvb
†Zvgvi Kv‡QI †Nul‡Z cvi‡e bv Ges Gfv‡e mKvj
n‡q hv‡e| GK_v ï‡b bex mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv
mvj−vg ej‡jb, ÒG K_vUv †m Aek¨ †Zvgv‡K mZ¨
e‡j‡Q| Z‡e †m wb‡R n‡”Q wg_y¨K| wKš‘ †n Avey
ûivBiv, Zzwg wK Rvb MZ wZb w`b †_‡K Zzwg Kvi
mv‡_ K_v ejQ?Ó Avwg ejjvg: bv, Avwg Rvwb bv|
wZwb ej‡jb, Ò†m n‡”Q kqZvb|Ó [`ª: †evLvix
e½vbyev`; wiqv`yQ Qv‡jnxb; Avãyj gbœvb; 3q LÛ;
c„: 66; nvw`m bs 1020]|
2. gnv bexi c‡i cÖ_g Ljxdv nhiZ Avey eK‡ii [iv]
mgq nhiZ Avey †nvivqivi †Kvb †LuvR LeiB wQj bv
wKš‘ nhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] mgq wZwb evnivB‡bi
kvmbKZ©v wbhy³ nb| GLv‡bI wZwb A_© Avͯ^v‡`i
`v‡q Igi KZ©„K Awfhy³ n‡q c` †_‡K ewn¯‹…Z nb|
NUbv Z`‡š—i c‡i Dnv wg_¨v cÖgvwYZ nIqvq Igi

Zv‡K cyYivq H c‡` envj ivLvi Aby‡iva K‡ib e‡j
gynv‡ÏmMY BwZnvm iPbv K‡i‡Qb e‡U; wKš‘ †h Igi
[iv] Avcb mš—vb‡K Awfhy³ cÖgv‡Y g„Zz¨`Û †`b; †mB
Igi Awf‡hv‡Mi Z`š— bv K‡iB Zv‡K c`Pz¨Z K‡ib;
AZtci Z`š— K‡ib| AZtci wg_¨v Awf‡hv‡Mi
`i“b †Kvb Qvnvev‡K `wÛZ K‡i‡Qb Ggb †Kvb
BwZnvm iwPZ nq wb; AZGe †gvnv‡Ïm‡`i gš—e¨
wek¦vm Kivi A_© nhiZ Igi‡K [iv] Ljxdv wnmv‡e
A‡hvM¨ I †nq cÖwZcbœ Kiv| m¤¢eZ nhiZ Ig‡ii
[iv] Dci c~e© †_‡KB BgvgMY bv‡Lvm wQ‡jb KviY
nqZ nhiZ Igi [iv] Rbmvavi‡Yi Kv‡Q nvw`m
†jLvi Iqv`v K‡iI Zv cyiY K‡ib wb, eis cÖZ¨L¨vY
K‡iwQ‡jb|
3. Kw_Z nq wZwb `y`©vš— Kc`©Knxb Pzovš— Ajm wfLvix
wQ‡jb; wKš‘ Ig‡ii Avg‡j kvlYKZ©v nIqvi c‡iB
nVvr K‡i cÖPzi abm¤úwËi gvwjK nb, we‡q-mvw`
K‡ib Ges mš—vbvw`i evcI nb| AZGe cÖkœ Rv‡M
†h, Kc`©Knxb, feNy‡i, A‡b¨i N‡ii wNÕGi ïb¨ cvÎ
†P‡U LvIqv nhiZ Avey †nvivqiv [iv] GZ ab m¤úwË
wKfv‡e, †Kv_v †_‡K †c‡jb! Zvi †Kvb BwZnvm
iwPZ nq wb|
4. wZwb gnvbex m¤^‡Ü AwZwi³ K_v ej‡Zb, evsjvq
hv‡K ÔevPvjÕ e‡j; †m Kvi‡Y QvnvevMYB cÖwZev`
Ki‡Zb| †gvnv‡ÏmMY wj‡L‡Qb, Ô†ewk nvw`m
ej‡Zb e‡jB Ab¨ QvnvevMY cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb|Õ
g~jZt G hyw³i †Kvb wfwË †bB; KviY †ewk †ewk
†nvK ev KgB †nvK mZ¨ [?] K_v [nvw`m] ej‡Zb,
A_P QvnvevMY cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb ev †¶vf cÖKvk
Ki‡Zb! GUv †KD wek¦vm Ki‡eb e‡j g‡b nq bv|
5. gvÎ wZb erm‡i gnv bexi mvnPv‡h© †_‡K cÖvq mv‡o
cuvP nvRvi nvw`m eqvb K‡i‡Qb! c¶vš—‡i,

73

†Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxbMY mvivRxeb ivQy‡ji mvnP‡h¨©
†_‡K gvÎ cuvP kZ nvw`m iPbv Ki‡ZI mvnmx nb wb!
6. gnvbexi Ô†LZveÕ cÖ`v‡bi e¨vL¨v m¤^‡Ü
Avj−vgv‡`i Dw³ eoB nZvkvRbK| †hgb: gnvbex
nhiZ Avjx‡K Ô†ZviveÕ †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡ib|
Dnvi e¨vL¨v m¤^‡Ü Avj−vgvMY e‡jb, ÒGK`v
nhiZ Avjx wewe dv‡Zgvi m‡½ SMov K‡i iv‡M
Ni †Q‡o gmwR‡` wM‡q ï‡q _v‡Kb; gnvbex Zv‡K
LyuR‡Z LyuR‡Z H gmwR‡` wM‡q †`‡Lb †h, nhiZ
Avjx [iv] gvwU‡Z ayjv evjyi g‡a¨ ï‡q Av‡Qb,
Muv‡q ayjv evjy| ZvB †`‡L gnv bex Zv‡K Ô†ZviveÕ
†LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡ib|
e¨vL¨vwU †h wbZvš— wkï myjf Zv mK‡jB ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb|
gnvbex mvavi‡Yi gZ GZ nvjKv Ávb aviY Ki‡Zb bv|
Avi AvR‡Ki ivRbxwZK‡`i gZ †Kvb Bmy¨ wb‡q nB nj−v
K‡i e¨w³ I `‡ji mg_©b Av`v‡qi Rb¨ †LZve wewj
Ki‡Zb bv| g~jZt nhiZ Avjx wQ‡jb mg¯— gymwjg
Rvnv‡bi g‡a¨ †kªôZg ˆah©¨kxj, mwnòz, D`vi,
kvš—, axi, ¯’xi I AUj| hvi Zzjbv GKgvÎ gvwUi
m‡½B Kiv m¤¢e; Avi ZvB gnvbex Zv‡K Ô†Zvive
AvjxÕ †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡ib| Ave y†nvivqiv cÖK…Z
c‡¶ weovj ¯^fv‡ei wQ‡jb e‡jB Zv‡K D³ †LZve
w`‡qwQ‡jb| GUvB AwaKZi hyw³m½Z I cÖgvwYZ|
7. †Kviv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q †h, A jv ZzwZD K¡yj−v
nvj−vwd¤§vwnwbb [68: Kvjvg-10] A_©: Ôhviv K_vq
K_vq Kmg Kv‡U Zv‡`i‡K wek¦vm KwiI bv|Õ ev
ÔAbymiY KwiI bv-cig jvwÃZ AwaK KmgKvixi|Õ
c¶vš—‡i nhiZ Avey †nvivqivi ewY©Z nvw`‡m AmsL¨
ÔKm‡giÕ mv¶¨ cvIqv hvq|
8. gnvbex ¯^qs Dcw¯’Z Z`ycwi ZvuiB Aax‡b Kg©Pvix
n‡qI AcwiwPZ †jv‡Ki [gvbyliƒcx kqZv‡bi!]

cÖ‡ivPbvq Avw`ó Avey †nvivqivi Rb¨ gymwjg we‡k¦i
nZvmvI ‡¶vf cÖKvk Qvov Avi wK ev Kivi Av‡Q!
9. Zvi Pwi‡Îi Pzovš— mv¶xwU w`‡q‡Qb Avey †nvivqiv
f³ ¯^qs Rbve AvwRRyj nK; Zvi ewY©Z 5,375wU
nvw`‡mi g‡a¨ GKwU gvÎ nvw`mI †Kvivb m¤§Z †h bq
Zv ¯^‡NvwlZ nvw`‡m gyieŸx [kvqLyj nvw`m] Rbve
AvwRRyj nK wb‡RB ¯^xKvi K‡ib; †Kvivb wb‡q †Kn
(giûg AvuKivg Luv) KLbI nvw`m cix¶vq AeZxY©
n‡j Avey †nvivqivi [iv] GKwU nvw`mI i¶v cv‡e bv!
GB f‡q wZwb nZvk Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Qb! [`ª: †evLvix
e½vbyev`; AvwR. nK; 5g LÛ; DcµwgKvi
mgv‡jvPbv; c„: 21|]
*
25 a‡g©i bv‡g cÖZviYvi Avš—R©vwZK `wjj
Avgv‡`i mybœxMY wek¦vm K‡ib †h, Ôag© ev mZ¨ cÖPv‡i
wg_¨vi Avkªq †bqv hv‡qR eis Zv‡Z †Qvqve nq|' Avi GB
m~ÎwU‡K Zviv Ômij D‡Ïk¨Õ e‡j GgbwK BmjvwgK
wek¦‡Kv‡lB gš—e¨ K‡i‡Qb| G Kvi‡YB Avw`Kvj †_‡K
gv‡S gv‡S Av‡jg Avj−vgv, gvRvi e¨emvqxMY mvaK‡`i
bv‡g GgbwK Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g D™¢U KvíbxK Wvnv
wg_¨v NUbv iPbv K‡i mybœx we‡k¦ ivR‰bwZK †bZv†bÎx‡`i gZ PgK m„wó K‡i ‡e‡n‡¯—i cÖwZ AvKk©b
K‡ib| Ges Zvi B›`b †hvMvb †`kx-we‡`kx KwZcq †Mvov
Lei gva¨g¸wj; nvw`m, †dKnv, GRgv-‡Kqvmmn ‡bqvgyj
†Kvivb, ZvweRv‡Z †Kvivb, KvQvQyj Avw¤^qv, †e‡n‡¯—i
Pvwe, †e‡n‡¯—i KzwÄ, †e‡n‡¯—i †gIqv, †e‡n‡¯—i †RIi,
welv`wm›`y, ‡gvK‡Q`yj †gv‡gbxb BZ¨vw` a‡g©i bv‡g
AvR‡Mvex wg_¨v MÖš’vw` Avw`Kvj †_‡K mgv`„Z n‡q
Avm‡Q| m¤cÖwZ K‡qKwU D`vniY wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv:

74

1. bvB‡Rwiqvi GKwU wkï gv‡qi †c‡U _vK‡ZB †Kvivb
gyL¯’
K‡i A_©vr nv‡dR n‡qB Rb¥ n‡q‡Q
Kv‡iv g‡Z 6 ermi eq‡mB †Kvivb gyL¯’ K‡i‡Q BZ¨vw`
AccÖPvi K‡i gymwjg wek¦e¨vcx ¶wYK So Zz‡j eZ©gv‡b
Zvi †Kvb cvËvB †bB| KviY cÖK…Z NUbv D˜NvUb I Zvi
eZ©gvb ¯^fve PwiÎ nqZ ev Ggb AvKvi aviY K‡i‡Q hv
cÖKvk Ki‡Z ¯^qs bvB‡Rixqvb miKvi j¾v cvq ZvB Avi
†gv‡UB AvMÖnkxj bb| ¯^-P‡¶ wfwWI †`‡L Zvi †Kvivb
†ZjvIqvZ ï‡b g‡b n‡jv mvgvb¨ wKQy AvqvZ Zvi gyL¯’
wQj| GB ag© av av †_‡K gyw³i Rb¨ wkïwU‡K Avš—R©vwZK
cix¶vi m¤§yLxb Kiv DwPr| g~jZt †m NUbvwU mZ¨ n‡j
AvR †mB 10/12 erm‡ii wkï ag© RM‡Z AwaKZi
†Zvjcvo K‡i †djv m½Z wQj; mybœx‡`i Mfxi wek¦vm
wQj †h H wkïwUB Bgvg †gnw` n‡e wKš‘ AvR Zviv nZvm!
NUbvwU mZ¨ n‡j ¯^qs ivQyj weZK© I m‡›`‡ni AvIZvq
c‡o hvb; KviY kwiqZ wek¦vm K‡i †h, ivQyj Awn g~L¯’
Kivi Rb¨ Nb Nb †VvU bvo‡Zb wKš‘ e¨_© n‡q nZvm n‡q
c‡ob weavq Avj−vn mvš—bv w`‡q Awn bvwRj K‡ib †h,
ÓAwn gyL¯’ Kivi Rb¨ Zzwg Nb Nb †VvU bvwoI bv Dnv
msi¶Y I AvqË¡ Kivi `vwqZ¡ Avgvi|Ó [`ª: †Kvivb] A_©vr
ivQyj †Kvivb ûeû g~L¯’ Ki‡Z wM‡q e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| c¶vš—
‡i kwiq‡Zi KvíwbK wek¦vm, wekvj MÖš’ ûeû gyL¯’ K‡i
ivLv †Kviv‡bi GKwU †gv‡RRv; we‡k¦ j¶ j¶ nv‡dRMY
GB †gv‡RRv i¶v K‡i Pj‡Qb| mb`cÖvß nv‡dRMY‡K
Pzj‡Piv KwVb cix¶vi m¤§yLxb Ki‡j 1% Kw_Z nv‡dR
K…ZKvh© n‡eb wKbv m‡›`n Av‡Q| Ggb cix¶vi m¤§yLxb nb
wb e‡jB AvRI wbixn RbmvaviY wek¦vm K‡i e‡jB
Zv‡`i GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emv ejer i‡q‡Q| Avj−vni
†KZv‡ei Dci Ggb åvš— I AÜ wek¦v‡mi Aemvb NUv‡bvi
Rb¨ Kv‡iv bv Kv‡iv Avmy D‡ØvM †bqv Ri“ix ! [nv‡dR

m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv mvg‡b cvIqv hv‡e|]
m¤cÖwZ B›Uvi‡b‡U Av‡iv AvR‡Mvex Lei cvIqv hvq †h 4
erm‡ii wkï †Kvivb gyL¯— K‡i‡Q| G mKj wkïMY H
eq‡m we‡q K‡i‡Q ev †ewe Rb¥ w`‡q‡Q Ggb †Kvb Lei
Av‡Rv iwPZ nqwb KviY Zv kwiqZ we‡ivax e‡jB|
Gi †P‡qI ayi›`i iPbv Av‡Q Avãyj Kv‡`i wRjvbx
m¤^‡Ü| wZwb bvwK gv‡qi ‡c‡U _vK‡ZB 18 cviv †Kvivb
gyL¯— K‡i Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib| gv‡qi cÖwZ R‰bK e¨w³i Ak−xj
Avµg‡bi nvZ †_‡K i¶v Kivi Rb¨ R‡b¥i c~‡e©B Avãyj
Kv‡`i gv‡qi †Rvbx c_ †_‡K †ei n‡q gv‡qi B¾Z i¶v
K‡i cybt gv‡qi †c‡V Xy‡K hvb AZci 10 gvm 10w`b
c‡i cyb Rb¥ †bb!
kwiqZ †Kvivb bv ey‡S cov, ‡kvbv ev gyL¯— Kiv‡K
¸i“Zi †Qvqv‡ei KvR e‡j wek¦vm K‡i| wKš‘ †Kviv‡bi
Av‡jv‡Z Zv‡`i‡K Kv‡di I cy¯—K enbKvix Mvavi m‡½
Zzjbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| [`ª: 2:evKviv-171; 62:Rygyqv-5]
2. evsjv‡`‡ki w·kva© RbmvaviY Rv‡bb †h, c~‡e©
cÖ‡Z¨K ermi wbw`©ó GKwU mgq GKwU Awfbe
weÁvcY †ei n‡Zv| H weÁvcYwU †Kv_v †_‡K †ei nq
Dnvi wcQ‡b Kviv wb‡ew`Z n‡q KvR K‡ib Zv D˜NvUb
Kivi Rb¨ AvcÖvY †Póv K‡iI e¨_© nB| Z‡e GUzKz
D×vi Ki‡Z m¶g nB †h, XvKvi divmM‡Äi †Kvb GK
gmwR‡`i Bgvg wb‡Ri †Qvqve I †gvmjgvb‡`i
†n`v‡qZ nvwm‡ji Rb¨B Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g GB
cÖZviYvi Avkªq wb‡Zb| AvR `xN© cÖvq 20 ermi c‡i
my`~i wbDBq‡K©i KzB‡Ý H GKB weÁvcYwU cybivq
nv‡Z Avm‡jv| m‡›`n nq †h, †mB Bgvg mv‡ne ev
Zvi DËivwaKvixMY Avcb Bmjvgx †`k Z¨vM K‡i
Kzdzix (?) †`‡k Avkªq wb‡q †mB cÖZviYv cybivq ïi“
K‡i‡Qb| weÁvcbwU A¯úó weavq ûeû UvBc K‡i
†`qv n‡jv:

75

wemwgj−vwni ingv‡bi ivwng
GKwU Ri“ix Lei

wb‡R co~b Ab¨‡K c‡o †kvbvb
GUv GKUv mZ¨ NUbv| gw`bv kixd †_‡K †kL Avnv¤§` GB
IwQqZbvgv wj‡L cvVvBqv‡Qb| wZwb Ry¤§vi w`b iv‡Î
†KviAvb kixd co‡Z co‡Z nVvr Nywg‡q c‡ob| ¯^‡cœ
wZwb †`L‡Z cvb †h, nhiZ †gvnv¤§` [mv] Dbvi mvg‡b
`uvwo‡q ewj‡Z‡Qb †h, GK mßv‡ni g‡a¨ 7 nvRvi †jvK
gviv †M‡Qb| wKš‘ Dnv‡`i g‡a¨ GKRbI Bgvb`vi †jvK
cvIqv hvq wb| hv Avj−vni Bev`Z e‡j MY¨| wZwb Av‡iv
e‡jb GLb Lye Lvivc mgq G‡m‡Q| GLb ¯¿x ¯^vgxi †L`gZ
I m¤§vb K‡i bv| †g‡qiv c`©v Qvov Pjv‡div K‡i| gv,
evev I ¸i“R‡bi †L`gZ I m¤§vb K‡i bv| Avi abx
†jv‡Kiv Mixe‡`i †`‡L bv `vb LqivZ K‡i bv RvKvZ
†`q bv| wZwb Av‡iv e‡jb †h, †bKx K‡i, bvgvR c‡o,
†ivRv iv‡L Ges `vb LqivZ K‡i KviY †KqvgZ Lye Kv‡Q
AvKv‡k GK Zviv †`Lv w`‡e| ZLb m‡½ m‡½ ZIevi
`iRv eÜ n‡q hv‡e| †KviAvb kix‡di A¶i D‡V hv‡e,
m~h© †mvqv nvZ Dc‡i _vK‡e| nhiZ †gvnv¤§` [mv]
e‡j‡Qb, †h †jv‡K G IwQqZ bvgv Ab¨‡K c‡o †kvbv‡e
†ivR †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Avwg Zvi DwQjvq Rvbœv‡Z RvqMv
K‡i †`e Ges †h †jvK Gi wecixZ Ki‡e †m †Lv`vi
ingZ n‡Z ewÂZ n‡e| Avi †h †jvK GB cÎwU Qvwc‡q
weZiY Ki‡eb Zvi †bK Avkv c~iY n‡e| †kL Avn¤§`
e‡jb †h, GB cÎ hw` wg_¨v nq Z‡e Avgvi g„Zz¨ †hb
Kv‡d‡ii gZ nq| ivmyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, †ivRv ivL, bvgvR
co, hvKvZ `vI, Mixe‡`i fvjevm| †h †jvK GB cÎwU
200 Qvwc‡q weZiY Ki‡e †m 7 w`‡bi g‡a¨ Zvi dj
cv‡e| GK †jvK 40 Lvbv Qvwc‡q weZiY K‡i‡Qb, d‡j
Zvi e¨emvq 80 nvRvi UvKv gybvdv n‡q‡Q| GK †jvK
GUv‡K wg_¨v †f‡e‡Q d‡j Zvi †Q‡ji g„Zz¨ n‡q‡Q| Ab¨

GKRb AvR bq, Kvj bq e‡j Avi Qvcv‡jv bv; GKw`b
†m gviv †Mj|
AZGe Avcbv‡`i wbKU cÖv_©bv GB IwQqZ bvgvwU fyj
eyS‡eb bv| Avj−vn I bex‡K wP‡bb Ges wb‡Ri †Mvbvn
nvév K‡ib| †Lv`vi c‡_ Pjvi †ZŠwdK `vb Ki“b|
Avcbvi Dci Øxb I `ywbqvq kvwš— ewl©Z nDK| Avwgb|
cÖPv‡i: bvRgyj I Avwgi †nv‡mb|
3.
1969 mv‡ji K_v: wek¦Ry‡o ˆn‰P c‡o †M‡jv †h
L„óv‡biv †gvmjgvb‡`i gnv cweÎ Puv` c``jxZ
K‡i‡Qb| Avi Agwb B¾‡Zi mIqvj g‡b K‡i
my‡hv‡Mi mØe¨envi Ki‡jb †e‡n‡¯—i DwKj,
†ckKvi Av‡jgMY; nvw`‡m ewY©Z ivQy‡ji
Av½y‡ji Bkvivq Puv` wØLwÛZ Kivi NUbv ¯^qs
L„óvb P›`ªhvÎx bxj‡KB mv¶x evwb‡q †dj‡jb|
Zviv cÖPvi Ki‡jb bxj Avg©óªs ¯^-P‡¶ †`‡L‡Qb
ivQy‡ji Av½y‡ji Bmvivq wØLwÛZ Puv‡`i †Rvov
jvMvi wPý, ZvB wZwb wek¦v‡m AwffyZ n‡q
†gvmjgvb n‡q †M‡Qb| [Avj nvg`ywjj−vn]
evsjv‡`‡ki †gŠjev`x cwÎKv djvI K‡i LeiwU
cÖPvi Ki‡jb|
GKwU gvbyl Puv‡`i gvwU‡Z `uvwo‡q MÖnwUi wØL‡Ûi
†Rvovi wPý †`Lv wK‡kvi‡`i‡KI fvwe‡q
Zzj‡jv; AvVv, Mvg ev wcP& w`‡q †Rvov w`j wK
c−v÷vi ev myB w`‡q †Rvov w`j! KviY Puv` †Zv
Avi dzUej ev Av‡cj Kgjv A_ev gU&Kx bq!
ZvQvov c„w_exi Lvj-b`x ev wcP Xvjv iv¯—v †`‡L
hw` †KD e‡j †h c„w_ex `yÕfvM ev †Rvov jvMvi
wPý BZ¨vw` weZK© I m‡›`‡n m¤¢eZ 6 gvm wK
ermi c‡i cwÎKvwU cybt †NvlYv w`j †h, bxj
Avg©óªs bq i‡K‡Ui g~j hv‡b Ae¯’vb iZ gvB‡Kj
Kwjbm& whwb Puv‡` bv †b‡g Puv‡`i AvKv‡k

76

4.

†NvivNywi KiwQ‡jb wZwb †`‡L‡Qb Ges wZwbB
†gvmjgvb n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ wZwb Kv‡iv mv‡_ †`Lv
†`b bv, K_v e‡jb bv Ges Zvi evoxi GK
gvB‡ji g‡a¨ KvD‡K XyK‡ZI †`qv nq bv| [[‰`wbK
msMÖvgÕ cwÎKvwUi w`b-ZvwiL w`‡Z bv cvivq
`ytwLZ|
g„Zz¨i c‡i Kei AvRve †h iv¶m-†Lv¶‡mi
MuvRv‡Lvix Mí Zv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| wbæ
ewY©Z ¸RewU me©cÖ_g BbwKjve cwÎKvq Qvcv nq
Ges Dnvi †mŠR‡b¨ wbDBq‡K©i mvßvwnK evsjv
cwÎKvq Qvcv nq| evsjv cwÎKvwU ciewZ©‡Z
†mŠw` G¨‡¤^mxi m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM K‡i GKwU
weÁwßI cÖKvk K‡i| Zv‡Z D‡j−L Kiv nq †h
G¨v‡¤^mx KZ…©c¶ H m¤^‡Ü wKQyB Rv‡bb bv|
Dwj−wLZ NUbvi wbæ cÖ`Ë¡ Qwe `yÕwU GKB NUbvi
`yB cwÎKvi cÖKvwkZ Qwe| Dnv mivmwi d‡Uv Kwc!
bv `yB nv‡Zi `yÕwU Aw¼Z Qwe Zv 12 erm‡ii
wkïI ej‡Z cv‡i| cwÎKv KZ©„c¶I Rv‡b-†ev‡S
ZeyI a‡g©i bv‡g GB cÖZviYv mybœx mgv‡R Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB DrmvwnZ n‡q Avm‡Q| †h‡Kvb Rx‡ei giv
jvk ev‡N LvK, mv‡c LvK, ï‡j PovK wK cy‡o
†djyK A_ev †e‡n¯—-‡`vh‡LB _vK, Zv‡Z giv
jv‡ki AvcwË ev wµqv-cÖwZwµqv bv n‡jI wR›`v
jvkMY †h weåvš— I cÖZvwiZ nb! GB Ávb,
†PZbv‡eva Avj−vgv †Zv `~‡ii K_v cÖPwjZ
Ava¨vwÍK cxi mv‡ne‡`i ch©š— †bB| Qwemn
cÖwZ‡e`bwU ûeû cÖKvk Kiv n‡jv, †`Lyb jvkwUi
g‡a¨ AvRv‡ei j¶Y Abyfe Kiv hvq wKbv:
evsjv cwÎKv-w` DBKwj evsjv cwÎKv/ wbD BqK©,
A‡±vei 08/1999 /Lei /c„: 49

†ebvgvwRi kvw¯—
Avie we‡k¦i `yÕwU fqsKi NUbv
gK¡v †gvKviigv: m¤cÖwZ GKwU Lei mgv‡Ri Af¨š—‡i
e¨vcKfv‡e cÖPvwiZ n‡q‡Q †h, GKwU jvk‡K mvc †jc‡U
a‡i‡Q| g`xbv †gvbIqvivq Aew¯’Z ÔeKx‡q Mvi Kv`Õ
bvgK Kei¯’v‡b NUbvwU N‡U‡Q| Avjx Avj-Dgvqix ewY©Z
NUbvi weei‡Y cÖKvk, GKwU †jvK gviv †M‡j Zv‡K
`vd‡bi Rb¨ Ke‡i ivLvi mv‡_ mv‡_ GKwU mvc G‡m
jvkwU‡K †jc‡U a‡i| cÖwZ‡e`K D‡j−L K‡ib, NUbvwUi
mZ¨vmZ¨ hvPvB Kivi Rb¨ ÔAvj-wejv`Õ cwÎKvi c¶
n‡Z gK¡v †gvKviigvi kixqv Av`vj‡Zi Dc‡`óv †kL
†gvnv¤§` gKeyj †mvenxi m‡½ †Uwj‡dv‡b †hvMv‡hvM Kiv
n‡j wZwb Rvbvb, †jvKwU bvgvR coZ bv, gmwR‡`I Mgb
Ki‡Zv bv| †kL †mvenx Rvbvb †h, cÖvq `k eQi Av‡M

77

R`©v‡b Abyiƒc GKwU NUbv N‡UwQj e‡j †kL mvC` web
gvmdvi Avj invZvbx Lei cwi‡ekb K‡i‡Qb|
Ô†ebvgvRxi kvw¯—Õ wk‡ivbv‡g GK K¨v‡m‡U G NUbv wZwb
D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb|
†kL †mvenvbx †Rvi w`‡q e‡jb, Dwj−wLZ NUbvwU MZ
mdi gv‡m g`xbv †gvbIqvivq msNwUZ n‡q‡Q| wZwb
Rvbvb, GB fxwZKi `„k¨ †`‡L †Kvb †Kvb †jvK AÁvb
n‡q c‡o| †kL †mvenvbx G cÖm‡½ GKwU nvw`‡mi D‡j−L
K‡i e‡jb, †ebvgvRxi kvw¯—i Rb¨ †h mvc wb‡qvwRZ Kiv
n‡e, Zvi bvg ÔIRvDb AvKivÕ ev fq¼i welai mvc
e‡j ivQyjyj−vn [mv] D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb| †ebvgvRxi g„Zz¨i ci
Zv‡K Kei †_‡K †KqvgZ ch©š— mvc `skb Ki‡Z _vK‡e|
AZtci †m me©`v †`vR‡L Ae¯’vb Ki‡Z _vK‡e| G
cÖm‡½ ivQyjyj−vni [mv] Dw³ n‡”Q, ÔAvgv‡`i I Kv‡di‡`i
ga¨ A½xKvi n‡”Q bvgvR| †h bvgvR Z¨vM Kij, †m
Kzdix KvR Kij| ivQyjyj−vn [mv] AviI e‡j‡Qb, Ô†h e¨w³
bvgv‡Ri †ndvRZ Kij bv, †KqvgZ w`e‡m Zvi b~i
_vK‡e bv, Zvi †Kvb wPýI _vK‡e bv Ges †m bvRvZI
cv‡e bv Ges Zvi DÌvb n‡e †divDb, nvgvb, Kvi“b I
Devn Be‡b Lj‡Ki m‡½|
Rbve †kL †mvenvbx mgq gZ bvgv‡Ri †ndvRZ Kivi
Ges Dc‡`k I wk¶v MÖn‡Yi Avnevb Rvbvb|
gw`bv nÕ‡Z nvg`yj−vn †gvnv¤§` †cÖwiZ|
5. wKQyw`b c~‡e© R`©v‡bi I`©vb bvgK ¯’v‡b GK moK
`yN©Ubvq R‰bK Avi‡ei g„Zz¨ N‡U! Zvi `vd‡bi Rb¨ Kei
Lb‡bi mgq †`Lv hvq †mLv‡b welai mvc, e¨vO I Ab¨vb¨
†cvKv-gvKo BZ¨vw`| Kei LbbKvixiv G fxwZKi Ae¯’v
†`‡L GKRb gIjvbvi kiYvcbœ nq Ges Zv‡K NUbvi we¯—
vwiZ weeiY Rvbvq| gIjvbv mv‡ne Ab¨¯’v‡b Av‡iKwU
bZzb Kei Lb‡bi wb‡`©k †`b| wKš‘ GB wØZxq Ke‡iI

cÖ_g NUbvi cybive„wË N‡U| AZtci Z…Zxq GKwU ¯’v‡b
Kei Lbb Kiv nq, ZLbI †mLv‡b wKQy †`Lv hvq wb| wKš‘
kixqZ †gvZv‡eK RvbvRv †kl K‡i hLb jvkwU Ke‡i
ivLv nq, Zr¶Yvr GKwU e„n`vKv‡ii welai mvc
AvKw¯§Kfv‡e †mB Ke‡i Dcw¯’Z n‡q jv‡ki †MvUv kixi
†cuwP‡q a‡i Ges m‡Rv‡i jv‡ki Ici †P‡c e‡m _v‡K|
wKš‘ Ke‡i hviv jvkwU †i‡LwQj, mvc Zv‡`i Ici †Kvb
AvµgY Pvjvq wb| jv‡ki GB Ae¯’v †`‡L RvbvRvq
Dcw¯’Z †jvKRb Gw`K-†mw`K Qy‡UvQywU Ki‡Z _v‡K|
cieZ©xKv‡j G e¨vcv‡i jv‡ki AvZ¥xq-¯^Rb I Zvi
cwiev‡ii mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvM Kiv n‡j Zviv Rvbvb †h,
Dwj−wLZ g„Z e¨w³ Rxe‡b GK Iqv³ bvgvRI c‡o wb Ges
mviv¶Y AvKvg-KzKv‡g wjß _vKZ| GB NUbvi Lei mD`x
Avi‡ei cÎ cwÎKvq cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| [cÎ †cÖiK
AvwZKzi ingvb AvwZK; Avi-wiK¡v, Kz‡qZ n‡Z| [‰`wbK
BbwKjv‡ei †mŠR‡b¨|]
6. mvßvwnK KvMR/ ïµevi, wbDBqK©, 16 RyjvB, 04; c„:
10
gIjvbv gykvwn` evBqygcyix (i) Ici †mwgbvi AbywôZ
wbDBqK© : MZ 3 RyjvB kwbevi ev` †Rvni DËi
Av‡gwiKvi Ab¨Zg cÖvPxb Ges e„nËi HwZn¨evnx
g¨vbnvUb¯’ gw`bv gmwR‡` ÔAvj−vgv gykwn` Rxeb I wPš—
vavivÕ kxl©K †mwgbv‡i G gš—e¨ K‡ib| evsjv‡`‡ki
Ab¨Zg cÖwm× gynvwÏQ gvIjvbv Zd¾yj nK|
†mwgbv‡ii Av‡qvRb K‡ib wm‡jU †Rjvi
Djvgv‡`i c¶ †_‡K gw`bv gmwR‡`i Bgvg I LwZe,
gvwmK `vIqvZ I mvgwqK Avj gw`bv cwÎKvi m¤úv`K
Aa¨vcK (?) gvIjvbv gywneŸyi ingvb I G‡óvwiqv
kvnRvjvj gmwR‡`i Bgvg I LwZe gvIjvbv Avãyj
Kvw`i, Avãyj Avnv`| cwi‡k‡l †mwgbv‡ii cÖavb

78

Av‡jvPK kvqLyj nvw`m gydvw”Q‡i KziAvb gvIjvbv
Zd¾yj nK e‡jb, Avj−vgv gykwn` wQ‡jb Dcgnv‡`‡k
nvw`‡mi AvKv‡k GK D¾¡jZg b¶Î| Zvi gZ gynvwÏQ
Zvi mgmvgwqKKv‡j AZ¨š— weij wQj|
Zvi g„Zz¨i ci Zvi Ke‡ii gvwU †_‡K AvZ‡ii NÖvY
†ei nq Ges G wb‡q gvbyl KvovKvwo ïi“ K‡i| hvi `i“Y
ZvovZvwo †`Iqvj ewm‡q cvnviv w`‡q gvwU †bqv eÜ Kiv
nq| ivgcy‡i ¯^xq I¯—v‡`i dZIqvq fyj awi‡q †`qvq I¯—
v` gš—e¨ K‡iwQ‡jb, Ôev½vjx †b Kjg Zzo w`qvÕ A_©vr
ev½vwj Kjg‡K cvwë‡q w`‡q‡Q| gK¡v kix‡d cweÎ ni‡g
Bgvg mv‡n‡ei fyj awi‡q w`‡q †mŠw` Avi‡e Av‡jg‡`i
wbKU we‡kl cwiwPwZ jvf K‡iwQ‡jb| Gfv‡e cov,
cov‡bv , wjLv, eK&Z…Zv BZ¨vw` me©‡¶‡Î Zvi Abb¨
mvaviY cÖwZfv Ges †hvM¨Zv Øviv Dcgv‡`‡ki Av‡jg‡`i
Kv‡Q cÖvZt¯§iYxq wQ‡jb Ges _vK‡eb| †mwgbv‡i gw`bv
gmwR‡`i Bgvg I LwZe gvIjvbv gywneŸyi ingvb,
kvnRvjvj gmwR‡`ii Bgvg gvIjvbv Avãyj Kvw`i,
Avmmvdv gmwR‡`i Bgvg gvIjvbv †gvkviid †nv‡mb
Lv‡`g, mvwb mvBW gmwR‡`i Bgvg gvIjvbv Avãyj nvB,
†cUvimb Rvjvjvev` gmwR‡`i Bgvg gvIjvbv Avwgi
DwÏb Ges gvIjvbv Avãyj Avnv`, gvIjvbv Avãyj
iv¾vK, gvIjvbv BwjqvQyi ingvb, gvIjvbv Kqm Avng`,
K¡vix Lwjjyi ingvb, nvwdR RyjwdKj †PŠayixmn A‡bK
Djvgv‡q †Kivg Ges wm‡jU †Rjvi A‡bK cÖexY gyQj−xqvb
Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| Av‡jvPbv †k‡l †`vqv K‡ib nhiZ
gvIjvbv Zd¾yj nK|
7. mvßvwnK cwiPq/ wbDBqK©/ 12 el©/ 370 msL¨v/
eyaevi 03 GwcÖj, 2002/ 20 ‰PÎ 1408|
AvRgxi kix‡di AvKv‡k LvRv evevi cÖwZ”Qvqv!
XvKv 30†k gvP© : Dcgnv‡`‡ki cÖL¨vZ mywd mvaK
LvRv evev nhiZ gCbyÏxb wPkwZi [iv] `k©b jvf! GB

we¯§qKi A‡jŠwKK NUbvwU eyaevi w`evMZ iv‡Z N‡U
†Mj cweÎ AvRwgi kix‡d LvRv evevi `iev‡i|
e„n¯•wZevi Gwkqvb GR cwÎKvi B›Uvi‡bU ms¯’e‡M©
cÖKvwkZ GK PvÂj¨Ki Le‡i ejv nq, AvRwgi kix‡di
`iMvn&i g~j M¤^y‡Ri wVK Dci ivZ 8Uv †_‡K
e„n¯úwZevi †fvi 5Uv ch©š— `xN© 9 N›Uv a‡i nhiZ
gBbyÏxb wPkZxi [i] cÖwZ”Qvqv †`Lv †M‡Q e‡j `iev‡ii
Lv‡`gMY Rvbvb! eyaevi iv‡Z `iev‡ii GKRb f³ cÖ_g
LvRv evevi cÖwZ”QvqvwU †`‡L gvRv‡ii Lv‡`g nhiZ
nvmvb wPkZx‡K Rvbvb| gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨ G Lei Qwo‡q c‡o
knigq| m‡½ m‡½ RbZvi Xj bv‡g GB gnvgvb‡ei
cÖwZ”Qwe GK bRi †`Lvi Rb¨| mKj ag©g‡Zi nvRvi
nvRvi gvby‡li wfo mvgjv‡Z `ievi KZ©©„c¶‡K †kl
ch©š— cywj‡ki mvnvh¨ wb‡Z nq| Z‡e cÖPÛ wfo n‡jI
LvRv evevi `k©b jv‡f AvMZ f³-gywi`vbiv †Kvb
AcÖxwZKi NUbv NUvqwb| ivZfi `iev‡ii wgbv‡ii
M¤^y‡Ri wVK Dc‡i GKB ¯’v‡b cÖwZ”QwewU Ae¯’v‡bi ci
†fvi 5Uvi w`‡K ax‡i ax‡i A`„k¨ n‡q hvq|
wKš‘ ZviciI e„n¯•wZevi w`bfi `~i-`~ivš— †_‡K
nvRvi nvRvi †jvK Av‡m GB A‡jŠwKK `k©b jv‡fi
cÖZ¨vkvq| Z‡e †`wi‡Z Avmv f³iv g~j cÖwZ”Qvqv
†`L‡Z bv †c‡jI gvRvi KZ©„c¶ Zv‡`i wbivk K‡ib
wb| Zv‡`i H cÖwZ”Qvqvi Qwe †`Lv‡bv n‡”Q| KviY,
`ievi KZ©„c¶ GB `~j©f NUbvi c~‡ivUvB wfwWI Ges
Av‡jvKwP‡Î aviY K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| cweÎ GB cÖwZ”Qqvi
Qwe Zviv wewfbœ MYgva¨‡gI cvwV‡q‡Qb| B›Uvi‡b‡U
`iev‡ii I‡qemvB‡UI GB cÖwZ”Qwei Av‡jvKwPÎ †`Lv
hv‡e AvRwgi kix‡di I‡qemvBU (-- A¯úó)|
fviZxq gymjgvbiv g‡b K‡ib, 13 kZvwã‡Z BivK
†_‡K mywd mgªvU LvRv gCbyÏxb wPkZx [i] Zv‡`i `ytmgq
I nZvkv †_‡K gyw³ Ges i¶vi Rb¨ fvi‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb|

79

wec`-Avc` †_‡K i¶v ev mr g‡bvevmbv c~i‡Yi Rb¨
ag©cÖvY gymjgvbiv GgbwK me ag©g‡Zi †jv‡Kiv Mfxi
kª×vi m‡½ AvRwgi kix‡d LvRv evevi gvRvi whqviZ
Ki‡Z Av‡mb| eyaevi iv‡Zi G NUbv †_‡K gymjgvbiv
aviYv Ki‡Qb, ¸Riv‡Ui mv¤cÖwZK wefxwlKvgq `v½vi
Kó gy‡Q w`‡Z LvRv evev ¯^qs Avwef©~Z n‡q‡Qb
fviZevmxi mvg‡b| `iev‡ii Lv‡`g mve©vi wPkZx
Rvbvb, nvRvi nvRvi f³ evevi cÖwZ”Qwe `k©‡b G‡jI
Zviv †KDB welqwU we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡Qb bv|
K‡qKk †Uwj‡dvb Kj cvIqvi ci Lv‡`g mve©vi
NUbv¯’‡j hvb Ges K¨v‡giv w`‡q cweÎ cÖwZ”Qvqvi †ek
wKQy Qwe Zz‡j iv‡Lb| wZwb Rvbvb, G ai‡Yi A‡jŠwKK
NUbv gvRv‡ii BwZnv‡m KLbI N‡U wb| LvRv evevi
GKRb DËimywi nhiZ nvmvb wPkZx Rvbvb,
cÖwZ”QvqvwUi e¨vKMÖvDÛ wQj gK¡v-gw`bvi Qwe msewjZ|
Zvi Ici evevi cÖwZ”Qvqvi cv‡k wQj wms‡ni
cÖwZ”Qvqv I Aviwe †jLv|
Gwkqvb GR cwÎKv wj‡L‡Q gvbyl hLb gbylZ¡ fy‡j
wM‡q wb‡R‡K †Lv`vi mgch©v‡qi we‡ePbv K‡i, ZLb
Zv‡`i †n`v‡qZ Kivi Rb¨ A‡jŠwKK ¶gZve‡j AwjAvDwjqvMY †`Lv †`b| cÖwZ”QvqvwU †`Lvi ci cÖvq
cÖ‡Z¨‡KB gš—e¨ K‡i‡Qb, we‡k¦i mv¤cÖ`vwqK mwnsmZv
I i³cv‡Zi cwi‡cÖw¶‡ZB GB gnvgvb‡ei cÖwZ”Qwe
†`Lv w`‡q‡Q| Z‡e cÖwZ”Qvqvi Qwe¸‡jv Zviv AviI
cix¶v-wbix¶v K‡i †`L‡eb e‡j nvmvb wPkZx Rvbvb|
Gw`‡K gvRvi KZ…©c¶ f³Kz‡ji wfo mvgvj w`‡Z bv
cvivq cywj‡ki mvnvh¨ †bb| wKš‘ cywjk RbZvi Xj
mvgvj w`‡Z wngwkg LvIqvq †kl ch©š— gvRv‡ii
Pvicv‡k †¯•kvj †dvm© †gvZv‡qb Kiv n‡q‡Q|
[mvwe©K gš—‡e¨i fvi Ávbx cvVK‡`i| j¶ j¶ †jvK
R‡ov n‡jI Lv‡`g nvmvb wPw¯— I GKRb f³ Qvov Ab¨

†Kn †`‡L‡Q e‡j cwÎKvq †kl ch©š— mv¶x w`‡Z cv‡i
wb| ïb¨vKv‡k giv gvbyl I wms‡ni †R›`v Qwe hLb wf wW
I K¨v‡givq aiv c‡o‡Q ZLb wkïiI Zv †`Lv m¤¢e wQj
wKš‘ cwÎKvq cÖKvk, `k©KMY wK †`L‡jv Zv wKQyB ej‡Z
cv‡i bv| `xN© 9 N›Uv a‡i H A‡jŠwKK NUbv Pj‡jI
fvi‡Zi †Kvb cwÎKvqB Dnv cÖKvk cvq wb| m„wói 9g
ev 10g AZ¨vP‡h©¨i H †kªóZg Avðh©¨ NUbvi wf wW I,
I‡qemvBU AvR bxie †Kb!
NUbvwU NUvi cÖvq 15/20 w`b c~‡e© `ievi †_‡K
GKwU cÎ cvB; Zv‡Z †jLv wQj: gKQy` nvwQ‡ji
ZeviK, nvw`qv BZ¨vw` cvVvevi mwVK bvg wVKvbv,
†P‡Ki Dc‡i hvi bvg wjL‡Z n‡e †gvUv A¶‡i Zvi bvg
I G¨vKvD›U b¤^iI; Wjvi ev fviZxq Kv‡iwÝ cvVv‡Z
†KvbB Amyweav †bB| whqvi‡Z Avm‡j wK gv‡bi _vKv
LvIqvi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e, wegvb e›`‡i AeZiY Kivi
w`b ZvwiL, mgq¶Y BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw` we¯—vwiZ Rvwb‡q 15
w`b c~‡e©B †hb Zv‡`i Lei †`qv nq, †hb Gqvi‡cv‡U©
Zviv Dcw¯’Z †_‡K ¯^vMZg Rvbv‡Z cv‡ib BZ¨vw`|
m¤¢eZ H mgq wbDBqK©mn we‡k¦i AwaKvsk evsjvfviZ Dcgnv‡`kxq †gvmjgvbMY AweKj cÎ †c‡q
_vK‡eb|]
g~jZt Gmg¯— MvuRv‡Lvix AccÖPv‡ii cÖavb D‡Ïk¨
GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emvi N„Y¨ †KŠkj gvÎ| gymwjg we‡k¦
cÖavbZt mybœx kixq‡Zi g‡a¨ Gai‡Yi Ac‡KŠk‡ji
BwZnvm msMÖn Ki‡j 40/50 LÛ wek¦‡Kvl iPbv Kiv
m¤¢e|
eo eo Zdmxi MÖ‡š’ GI †jLv Av‡Q †h, gnv bex Ke‡i
GLbI RxweZ Av‡Qb! †Kvb GK n‡¾i mgq gnvbex
Ke‡ii ga¨ †_‡K nvZ †ei K‡iwQ‡jb Ges Zv 90
nvRvi nvRx cÖZ¨¶ `k©b K‡iwQ‡jb! [Z_¨myÎ: mvßvwnK
evsjv cwÎKv, Zvs- AÁvZ,

80

wbD BqK©; †jLK: gw`bv gmwR‡`i weZwK©Z Bgvg I LwZe
gvI.
gywneŸyi ingvb]
*
26 ‡gvU K_v-†kl K_v
cÖPwjZ †Qnv ‡QËvi f‚wgKv I mZ¨vmZ¨ m¤^‡Ü Avi gvÎ
`zÕwU D`vniY w`‡qB †kl Ki‡Z PvB|
gnv bexi Rb¥ ZvwiL m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` _vKvUv wbZvš—
¯^vfvweK| KviY, Dnvi cÖZ¨¶ I c‡iv¶ mv¶xi msL¨v wQj
G‡Kev‡iB bMY¨ I mvaviY| wKš‘ Zvi g„Zz¨i ZvwiLwU wb‡q
m‡›`n ev gZv‰bK¨ Pzovš— A¯^vfvweK| KviY, Bnvi cÖZ¨¶
mv¶x wQ‡jb mgMÖ Qvnvev mgvR, mgMÖ Avie ‡`k, wkï
†_‡K e„× ch©š—| GgbwK be¨ gymwjg iv‡óªi Av‡k-cv‡k¦©i
mKj †`k¸wj| Zuvi Rb¥ ¯^vfvweK _vK‡jI g„Zz¨ wQj Avš—
R©vwZK I HwZnvwmK NUbv| GB HwZnvwmK g„Zz¨i ZvwiLwU
wb‡qI nvw`m †eËv‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q `y¯—i gZv‰bK¨| Kv‡iv
g‡Z Rb¥ ZvwiL: 2iv, 8B, 9B, 10B Ges 12B iweDj
AvDqvj| g„Zz¨i ZvwiL: 1jv, 2iv, 8B Ges 12B iweDj
AvDqvj| Avevi Kv‡iv g‡Z 18B iweDj AvDqvj; Kv‡iv
g‡Z 17B igRvb! nhi‡Zi eqm: 60,63 I 65 ermi|
[`ª:‡evLvix e½vbyev`; Av: nK: 5g LÛ, c„:36 I 306;
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl: †gvnv¤§` [mv] Aa¨vq: c„:259]|
bexRxi LZ&bv m¤^‡Ü gZv‰bK¨: bexRxi f‚wgó nIqvi 7g
w`b Zuvnvi `v`v LvRv Avãyj †gvZv‡je gK¡vi wewkó
†bZ…e„›` I AvÍxq¯^Rb‡K `vIqvZ w`‡jb| †mB Drm‡ei
w`b Avãyj †gvZv‡je bexRxi LZ&bvi mvgvwRK Drme
Dcj‡¶ Zuvnvi bvg ivwL‡jb Ògynv¤§`Ó| A‡b‡Ki g‡Z
nhiZ [mv] Rb¥MZ fv‡eB LZ&bv K…Z wQ‡jb| [‡evLvix H
c„:41]

Dwj−wLZ gZv‰bK¨¸wj kwiq‡Zi cwifvlvq Qwnn nvw`‡mi
Aš—f©~³| KviY cÖ‡Z¨KwUi wcQ‡b Qvnvev‡`i mv¶x Av‡Q|
gRvi e¨vcvi n‡jv gnv bexi 12B g„Zz¨ ZvwiLwU BmjvwgK
dvD‡Ûk‡bi msw¶ß wek¦ †Kv‡l wj‡L‡Qb ågvZ¡K [`ª:H c„:
259] GB ågvZ¡K ZvwiLwU [12B iwe:] †R‡b ï‡bB
Avw`Kvj †_‡KB D`hvcb K‡i Pj‡Qb! Av‡iv gRvi
e¨vcvi n‡jv Dc‡ivwj−wLZ Qwnn nvw`m¸wji GKwU gvÎ
nvw`m A¯^xKvi Ki‡j kwiq‡Zi cwi-fvlvi my‡Î
Ô†gviZv`Õ, ÔKv‡diÕ e‡jB Av‡jg mgvR d‡Zvqv Rvwi
K‡ib! wKš‘ GB Av‡jg mgvR GKwU ev‡` evwK ZvwiL¸wj
wK A¯^xKvi K‡ib bv?
†kl K_v
†Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v †Kvivb wb‡RB; Zv †Kviv‡bi cvZvq
cvZvq mv¶x Av‡Q| gnvbexi RxweZve¯’vq Ônvw`mÕ kãwUi
A_© wQj GKgvÎ Awn; nvw`m ej‡Z ZLb †Kvivb‡KB
eySv‡Zv Ges eyS‡Zv| Zvi cÖgvY ¯^iƒc wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZ¸wj
j¶¨Yxq :
1. dvgv-wj-nv-Djv-Bj K¡vDwg jv- BqvKv-`ybv
BqvdK¡vûbv nvw`mv| [4: wbQv-78] A_©: G RvwZi
n‡jv wK! †h Zviv nvw`m¸wj [†Kvivb] †evSvi †gv‡UB
avi av‡i bv!
2. dvjvÕAvj−vKv-- wenv-Rvj nvw`mv AvQvdv| [18:
Kvnd-6] A_©: Dnviv GB nvw`m [‡Kvivb] wek¦vm bv
Ki‡j m¤¢eZ Dnv‡`i Z¨vM K‡i Zzwg `yt‡L wb‡RB
wb‡Ri Rxeb nbb K‡i †dj‡e|
3. dvjBqvÔZz -- Qvw`Kxb| [52: Zzi-34] A_©: Dnviv
hw` mZ¨ev`xB nq Z‡e GB nvw`‡mi [†Kviv‡bi]
mv`„k¨ †Kvb iPbv iwPZ Ki“K bv!
4. gv Kv bv nvw`QvBDdZviv-- BDwgbyb| [12:BDmyd111] A_©: Zv‡`i nvw`‡m [‡Kviv‡b] i‡q‡Q Ávbx‡`i
Rb¨ wk¶v| nvw`m [†Kvivb] wg_¨v iPbv b‡n| Ges

81

wek¦vmx‡`i Rb¨ Bnv AZxZ MÖ‡š’ hv Av‡Q ZviB
mg_©K I wek` e¨vL¨v weeiYc~Y© †n`v‡qZ I ingZ|
5. dvweAvwq¨ nvw`wm eŸvÕ`vû BDwgbyb| [7:Avivd-185]
A_©: Z‡e Zviv †Kvb nvw`‡m [†Kviv‡b] wek¦vm K‡i!!
6. Avdvwg nv-Rvj nvw`mx ZvÕR¡veyb| [53: bRg-59]
A_©: †Zvgiv wK GB nvw`‡m [†Kviv‡b] we¯§q †eva
Ki‡Qv ?
7. nvj AvZv-Kv nvw`my ØvBwd Beªvnxgvj gyµvgxb|
[51:hvwiqvZ-24] A_©: †Zvgvi wbKU Beªvnx‡gi
m¤§vwbZ †gngvbw`‡Mi m¤^‡Ü nvw`m [Awn] G‡m‡Q
Kx?
8. A nvj AvZvKv nvw`my g~Qv| [20: 79:Z¡nv-9;
bvwRqvZ- 15] A_©: g~Qv m¤^‡Ü nvw`m [Awn] †Zvgvi
wbKU †cuŠ‡”Q wK?
9. nvj AvZv-Kv Zvw`myj Mv- †mBqvZ| [88:Mvwmqv-1 ]
A_©: †Zvgvi wbKU †Kqvg‡Zi nvw`m [Awn] G‡m‡Q wK?
m¤ú~Y© †KvivbLvwbB Avj−vni Awn Ges DnvB gnvbexi
cweÎ gyL wbtm„Z nvw`m:ÔBbœvû jv KvDjy ivQywjb KvixgÕ|
[69: nv°v:44; 81: ZvKexi: 19] A_©: Aek¨B Bnv
[†Kvivb] m¤§vwbZ ivQy‡ji nvw`m/evYx| gnvbexB e‡j‡Qb
†h Bnv Avj−vni Awn, Avj−vni nvw`m; gnvbexi GB
nvw`‡mi [†Kviv‡bi] Dc‡i Cgvb G‡bB Avgv‡`i c~e© cyi“l
†cŠËwjKMY †gvm‡jg n‡qwQ‡jb|
c~‡e© eûevi Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbexi g„Zz¨i cÖvq
300 ermi c‡i e¨w³ I `‡ji iwPZ nvw`m‡K Avj−vni
†Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v wnmv‡e cÖPvi I cÖwZôv Ki‡Z m¶g
n‡q‡Qb| Kw_Z nq †h, gnvbexi RxweZve¯’vqB †Kvivb
wjwLZ nIqvi c‡iI GKevi bq, `yBevi wReªvBj KZ©„K
cixw¶Z I ms‡kvwaZ nq| c¶vš—‡i cÖPwjZ nvw`m iwPZ
nq gnvbexi Idv‡Zi cuvP/QqwU cyi“l AwZevwnZ nIqvi
c‡i| nvw`m hv‡`i bv‡gi eiv‡Z ewY©Z n‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i

`v`v-ci`v`v Ges Zv‡`i `v`v-ci`v`vMYI gnvbex‡K
†`‡Lb wb| AZtci wReªvBj gnvbex GgbwK Zvi GKvš—
Qvnvev, †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxb KZ©„K Aby‡gv`b †Zv `~‡ii
K_v †`‡Lb wb ch©š—! Avi †`L‡j Aek¨ Aek¨B c~‡e©i
gZB R¡vwj‡q w`‡Zb [`ª: nv: m: †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi
f‚wgKv]| Avkv Kwi Ges `„p wek¦vm †h, we‡k¦i †Kvb Av‡jg
Avj−vgvMY G‡Z wØgZ †cvlY Ki‡Z cvi‡eb bv| g~jZt
gnvbexi bv‡g wjwLZ nvw`m, †dKnvw`i AwaKvskB wg_¨v,
fzj, hyw³nxb, fxwËnxb, ev¯—e I †Kvivb weewR©Z|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ gnvbex Dnv e‡jb wb ev K‡ib wb, hvi hyw³
cÖgvY †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z Av‡Q| Z‡e †h mg¯—
nvw`m †Kviv‡bi mv‡_ ûeû wgj Av‡Q, †m¸wj MÖnY Ki‡Z
Kv‡iv AvcwË _vKvi K_v bq| †hgb: GK`v R‰bK e¨w³
wewe Avqkvi [iv] wbKU Aby‡iva Ki‡jb, ÒivQy‡ji Rxebx
m¤^‡Ü wKQy Rvbv‡eb wK?ÕÕ wZwb DËi w`‡jb, ÒAvcwb wK
†Kvivb c‡ob wb?ÕÕ [nvw`m]| nvw`mwU wb‡RB mgMÖ †Qnv‡QËv‡K Av¯—vKzu‡o wb‡¶c K‡i‡Q Zv‡Z nvw`m‡eËvM‡Yi
A¯^xKvi Kivi hyw³,mvnm †bB| AZGe, Ggb †Qnv‡QËv‡K
Qwnn& gnv-Qwnn& Ges wbfy©j †NvlYv Kiv Ges Avj−vni
†KZv‡ei e¨vL¨v wnmv‡e wek¦vm Kivi A_©B †Kvivb‡K
cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv| hvi A_©B gymwjg RvwZ‡K †k−v-c‡qvR‡b
AYy AYy K‡i aesm Kivi my`~icÖmvix m~² cwiKíbv| Avi
G cwiKíbvi wkKvi B”Qvq ev Awb”Qvq mij-Amij c~Y©
Av‡jg Z_v gymwjg mgvR! †h `y-PviwU mZ¨ K_v nvw`‡m
Av‡Q Zv Avjer †Kviv‡bB Av‡Q|
AZ¨š— Avkv fimvi K_v †h, mybœx †gvm‡jg ivóª
¶gZvai wjweqvb miKvi †evLvix nvw`m Zvi †`‡k nvivg
[wbwl×] †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| [`ª: Ôa‡g©i bv‡gÕ,Aa¨vcK gy.
AvLZvi ûmvBb,c„: 59] †evLvix nvw`m wbwl× Kivi A_©B
†Qnv‡QËvi 99% kZvsk nvw`m wbwl× e‡j cÖwZcbœ nq|
A_P †ckv`vix kwiqZ kvgyK ¯^fve aviY K‡i Av‡Qb †hb

82

wKQyB Rv‡bb bv| we‡k¦i Ggb GKwU Qybœx gymwjg †`kI
Bnvi cÖwZev` K‡i wb| NUbvwU hw` mZ¨B nq Z‡e gyqvgvi
Avj-MvÏvdxi GB ewjó HwZnvwmK Ae`vb †Lvjvdv‡q
iv‡kØx‡bi c‡i gymwjg we‡k¦i 5g Ljxdvi †hvM¨Zv AR©b
K‡i‡Qb e‡jB cÖZxqgvb n‡e|
Ônvw`m †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨vÕ GUv wQj Zv‡`i cÖv_wgK
†k−vMvb; Ges G‡Z Zviv c~Y©fv‡eB mdj n‡q‡Q; AZtci
wØZxq †k−vMvb : Ônvw`‡mi e¨vL¨v †dKnvÕ G‡ZI Zviv
K…ZKvh© n‡q‡Q; AZtci Z…Zxq ‡k−vMvb : Ô†dKnvi e¨vL¨v
GRgvÕ G‡ZI Zviv c~Y© mdj; AZtci PZz_© †k−vMvb:
ÔGRgvi e¨vL¨v †KqvQÕ, GLv‡bI Zviv Awbevh© dj
†c‡q‡Qb; Avi †kl †k−vMvb: Ô†Kqv‡Qi e¨vL¨v d‡Zvqv|Õ
GB cuvP `dv `vex cwic~Y©fv‡eB AvR gymwjg mgv‡R
cÖwZwôZ Av‡Q| gvbeRvwZ Z_v Bmjv‡gi msweavb Avj−vni
†KZv‡ei
Dc‡i
gvby‡li
iwPZ
5
Lvwb
[nvw`m,†dKnv,GRgv, †Kqvm I d‡Zvqv] `yÕb¤^ix wekvj
wekvj kwiqwZ msweavb `Ûvqgvb! Kg©Rxex ev mvaviY
AmvaviY gvby‡li c‡¶ GB 5 Lvwb Dc-†KZve †f` K‡i
Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Kv‡Q †cuŠQv G‡Kev‡iB Am¤¢e I Aev¯—
e n‡q c‡o‡Q! A_©vr Bewj‡mi Iqv`v †m c~Y©fv‡eB c~Y©
Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q| AvR †h †KD †Kviv‡bi K_v ej‡j,
wjL‡j H `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZx weavb w`‡q Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o
†Zv‡jb| hw`I †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i:
ÒAj−vRxbv-- AvRv-we gynØvi“bÓ [34: mvev-38]
A_©: hviv Avgvi AvqvZ‡K e¨_© Kivi †Póv K‡i, Zviv
kvw¯— †fvM Ki‡eB Ki‡e|
†Kvivb mnR, mij I cÖvÄj Ges c~Y©fv‡eB ¯^qs
m¤ú~Y©| A_©vr †Kvb w`K †_‡KB Dnvi NvUwZ †bB, `ye©jZv
†bB; Ab¨ †Kvb †KZv‡ei mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv cÖZ¨vL¨vY
K‡i| g~jZt †Kviv‡bi c‡i gbyl¨ iwPZ hveZxq Dc-ag©
MÖš’vw` d‡Zvqvi Aš—f©~³; wewfbœ bv‡g mgv‡R cÖPvi I

cÖwZôv jvf K‡i‡Qb|
gbyl¨ iwPZ Dc-ag© MÖš’¸wj G¶‡Y cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡i
Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji weav‡bi cÖwZ wd‡i Avm‡j gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B
kxqv, mybœx, Invex,Avn¤§w`qv, nvbvdx, kv‡dC BZ¨vw`
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K A‰ea `j Dc-`j¸wji Aw¯—Z¡ wejyß
n‡q mK‡jB †gvm‡jg bv‡g GKwÎZ n‡Z cv‡i| gnvbex
kxqv, mybœx,Avn¤§`x BZ¨vw` wQ‡jb bv! wZwb wQ‡jb GKgvÎ
†gvm‡jg| AZGe Zvi D¤§‡Zi cwiPq Ô†gvm‡jgÕ e¨ZxZ
Ab¨wKQy bq|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, cÖ‡Z¨KwU †KZvex`‡ji GKvwaK `j
Dc-`j Ges Dc-ag©MÖš’ A_©vr `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ i‡q‡Q| ZvivI
hw` Abyiƒc Zv‡`i Dc-ag©MÖš’ †Q‡o Zv‡`i g~j ag©MÖ‡š’
wd‡i Av‡mb Z‡e Zv‡`iI `j Dc-`j¸wji Aw¯—Z¡
_vK‡e bv| AZtci GKz‡b †`Lv hv‡e: ZIivZ, heŸyi,
BÄxj, MxZv, ‡e`, wÎwcUK, †R›`v‡e¯—v, MÖš’mv‡ne
BZ¨vw` gv‡bB †Kvivb; Avi †Kvivb gv‡bB AZx‡Zi mKj
Hkx MÖš’| gbyl¨ a‡g© Avi †Kvb †f`v‡f` †bB| gbyl¨
RvwZi R‡b¥i m~Î GK, cwiYwZI GK; c„w_ex GK Ges
Avj−vnI GKK, Awfbœ| AZGe gbyl¨ ag©I GK I Awfbœ;
Awew”Qbœ gvbe RvwZi gvbe ag©; gvbe ag© gv‡bB mbvZb,
mvg¨ev‡`i ag© ; GLv‡b mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi ¯’vb †bB| Ggb
GKwU Kv‡ji ïfvMgY wn›`y, †gvm‡jg, †eŠ×, wLª÷vb,
Bûw`, wkL, ˆRb †K bv Kvgbv K‡i! Kvgbv K‡ib bv ïay
mKj RvwZi weåvš—, †Mvov, ag©vÜ †gŠjev`xMY|
Rvgv‡Z Bmjv‡gi gZ GKwU Ab¨Zg cÖwZwôZ`j D³
MÖ‡š’ ewY©Z †KvivwbK `k©b¸wj B”Qv Ki‡j AwZ mn‡RB
mgv‡R cÖwZôv Ki‡Z cv‡ib, G ¶gZv Zv‡`i i‡q‡Q| Avi
Zv‡Z ïay evsjv‡`k †Kb mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦i †bZ…Z¡ Zv‡`i
nv‡Z Avm‡Z cv‡i, gv_vq em‡Z cv‡i gvbeag© ms¯‹v‡ii
gyKzU| cÖ‡Z¨KwU `‡ji g‡a¨ AmsL¨ cÖK…Z avwg©K i‡q‡Qb,
Zv‡`iI DwPr GB me©‡kªô cweÎ `vqxZ¡ MÖnY Kiv|

83

c~Ye©vi wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZØq hvewZq mKj Av‡jvPbvi D‡×©
mK‡ji Ges mKj mg‡qi Rb¨ ¯§iY †i‡L ag©vbykxjY I
ag©cÖPvi Ges Av‡jvPbv mgv‡jvPbv Kiv AZ¨vek¨Kxq:
wZév- Av-Bqv Zzj−v-wn bvZjynv wej nvw°; dv‡e AvB‡q
nvw`wmb evqv`vj−v-wn A AvBqvwZnx BDwgbyb| [45:
hvwQqv-6;
77: gyimvjvZ-50]
A_©: G¸wj Avj−vni evYx, hv wZwb wek`fv‡e e¨vL¨v
K‡i‡Qb|
myZivs Zviv Avj−vn I Zvi evYx [‡Kvivb] Z¨vM K‡i Avi
Kvi
nvw`‡m wek¦vm Ki‡e ?
***

civ‡_©

Z…Zxq Aa¨vq
27 gnvbex †Kviv‡bi evB‡i wKQy K‡ib wb, e‡jb wb
gynv‡Ïm, Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY Ônvw`‡mi mg_©‡b †Kviv‡bi
‡h mg¯— AvqvZ e¨envi K‡ib Zvi m‡½ wbæ ewY©Z
AvqvZ¸wj we‡ePbvq bv G‡b eis inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y Gwo‡q
hv‡”Qb| †Kvivb Z_v gnvbexi Dci hZLvwb Cgvb ivLvi
`iKvi wQj, Zvi †P‡q †ewk Cgvb †X‡j w`‡q‡Qb Bgvg
†evLvix‡`i Dci; Avi GB Kvi‡YB †Kviv‡bi gva¨‡g
ivQyj‡K wPb‡Z AvR 1400 erm‡iI ivRx nb wb| hw`
ivRx _vK‡Zb Z‡e Avj−vni nvw`m I ivQy‡ji nvw`‡mi
g‡a¨ †Kvb cv_©K¨ Lyu‡R †c‡Zb bv| KviY, †Kvivb Avj−vni
Awn Zv ivQy‡ji gy‡LB cÖKvk| Avj−vni mg~n AnxB ivQy‡ji
cweÎ gyL wbm„Z evYx| DnvB Avj−vni nvw`m, Avj−vni

nvw`m gv‡bB ivQy‡ji nvw`m| G‡Z hviv cv_©K¨ K‡i,
†Kviv‡b Zv‡`i Kv‡di e‡j †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| G m¤^‡Ü
†Kviv‡b †ek K‡qKwU mv¶x cÖgvY Av‡Q| gvÎ `yÕwU AvqvZ
wb‡æ ewY©Z n‡jv:
1. Bbœvj−vRxbv BqvKdziƒbv-- RvwjKv Qvwejvb;
DjvBKv--AvRvev¤§yexb [4: wbQv-150, 151] A_©:
hviv Avj−vn-ivQyj‡`i Agvb¨ K‡i Ges Avj−vn I
ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i [A_©vr Avj−vni
AvBb-ivQy‡ji AvBb; A_©vr diR-QybœvZ] A_ev
e‡j: KvD‡K gvwb KvD‡K gvwbbv A_ev G `y‡qi g‡a¨
bZzb †Kvb c_ †ei K‡i; cÖK…Zc‡¶ BnvivB Kvwdi|
Bnv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q KwVb AvRve|
c¶vš—‡i, Avj−vn ivQy‡ji g‡a¨ hviv cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i bv,
Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q my-msev`:
2. Aj−vRxbv Avgvby-- D¾yivûg-- Mvdziƒiivnxg| [4:
wbQv-152; 3:Ggivb-84] A_©: hviv Avj−vn I
ivQyj‡`i Dci Cgvb Av‡b Ges Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb
iKg cv_©K¨ K‡i bv; ZvivB cyi¯‹vicÖvß n‡e| Avj−vn
¶gvkxj I `qvjy|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj mnR, mij-cÖvÄj hvi cybt
e¨vL¨vI wb®cÖ‡qvRb| G‡Z mg~n nvw`‡mi mydj-Kzdj
m¤^‡Ü wbwðZ gxgvsmv i‡q‡Q; gxgvsmv i‡q‡Q diR mybœZ
cv_©‡K¨i fqvenZvq| Avi G Kvi‡YB gnvgwZ I `~i`k©x
nhiZ Avey eKi I nhiZ Igi [iv] gvÎ 500 nvw`m iPbv
K‡i we‡e‡Ki `sk‡b, †`vh‡Li f‡q R¡vwj‡q †`b; GKgvm
hver G‡¯—Lviv K‡i AZtci nvw`m msKj‡bi cwiKíbv
Z¨vM K‡ib| wKš‘ †h f‡qi AvksKvq R¦vwj‡q †`b;
msKj‡bi cwiKíbvi mgvwa iPbv K‡ib, `xN© wZb kZ
ermi c‡i wVK †mB mgvwa Ly‡o Kw_Z BgvgMY QvB
K¼vj †U‡b †ei K‡i gnvbex Z_v 4 Ljxdv‡`i Avkv
AvKvsL¨vi mgvwa iPbv Ki‡jb! AZtci nvw`m-Qybœvn

84

bv‡g †Kviv‡bi cvkvcvwk Avjv`v kwiqZ cÖwZôv Ki‡jb!
weÁvbgq †Kvivb‡K ïay cov, ïbv I gyL‡¯’i gvqvRv‡j
e›`x K‡i †dj‡jb! †Kviv‡bi cvkvcvwk nvw`m, †dKnv,
d‡Zvqvi Avbv‡Mvbv gv‡bB †Kviv‡bi Dci m‡›`n,
†Kvivb‡K `yŸ©j I Ac~Y© †NvlYv Kiv nq| †Kviv‡bi mv‡_
`yÕb¤^ix MÖ‡š’i kwiK Kivi A_©B ¯^qs Avj−vni mv‡_ kwiK
Kiv!
*
28 gnvbex wK K‡i‡Qb Ges e‡j‡Qb
1. Bbœv AvÄvjbv-- Aviv-Kvj−v-n| [4: wbQv-105]
A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZ mZ¨vmZ¨ wKZve bvwRj K‡iwQ;
†hb Zzwg Zv‡`i‡K wVK wVK †mfv‡eB wePvi gxgvsmv
Ki|
2. dv¯—vgwQK wej−vRx-- wQivZx¤§y¯—vK¡xg [43: hyLi“d43] A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q, DnvB
`„pfv‡e AvK‡o _v‡Kv Ges Bnv‡ZB Zzwg mwVK c‡_
envj _vK‡e|
3. bvn&by AvÕjvgy-- gvBqvLv-dz AB`| [50: K¡vd-45]
A_©: Dnviv hv e‡j Zv Avgiv Rvwb| Zzwg Dnvw`‡Mi
Dci Lei`vwi Kivi †Kn bn; myZivs †h Avgvi kvw¯—
‡K fq K‡i Zv‡KB ïay †Kviv‡bi mvnv‡h¨ Dc‡`k
`vI|
4. BËv‡eD--ZvRvK¡vi“b [7: Avivd-3] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i
cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K hv AeZxY© Kiv n‡q‡Q,
†Zvgiv ïay ZviB AbymiY Ki Ges Bnv Qvov Ab¨
¸i“‡`i civgk© AbymiY KwiI bv| †Zvgiv Lye Aí
msL¨KB Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i _vK|
5. Kzj! AvBqy kvBwqb-- Agv¤§vjvM¦| [6: AvbAvg-19]
A_©: ej! mv¶¨ cÖ`v‡b me©‡kªô †K? ej! ÔAvj−vnÕ

Avgvi I †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ mv¶x; GB †Kvivb Avgvi
wbKU †cÖwiZ n‡q‡Q, †hb Avwg †Zvgvw`M‡K Ges hviv
Avm‡e Zvnv‡`i‡K GB †Kvivb ØvivB mZK© Kwi|
6. Agv-AviQvjbv-- we BRbxj−vnx| [4: wbQv-64] A_©:
ivQyj‡`i GB D‡Ï‡k¨B g‡bvbxZ Kwi, †hb Zviv
Avj−vni Awn Abymv‡iB AvbyMZ¨ Ki‡e|
7. K¡…j! gv-Kzš‘ we`-- bvwRiƒ¤§yweb| [46: Avn&K¡vd-9]
A_©: Avwg †Zv Avi GKgvÎ ivQyj bwn| Avwg Rvwb bv,
Avgvi I †Zvgv‡`i e¨vcv‡i wK Kiv n‡e! Avwg,
Avgvi cÖwZ †h Awn Av‡m, GKgvÎ ZvBB AbymiY
Kwi|
8. BËv-we gv-- wgiivweeKv| [6: AvbAvg-106] A_©:
†Zvgvi i‡ei wbKU †_‡K hv Awn nq; Zzwg ïay ZvBB
AbymiY K‡iv|
9 K¡zj! gv-BqKzby-- AvRxg| [10:BDbym-15] A_©: ej!
wbR †_‡K Bnv e`jv‡bv Avgvi ¶gZvi evwn‡i|
Avgvi cÖwZ hv Awn nq, Avwg †Kej BnvB AbymiY
Kwi| Avwg Avgvi cÖf‚i Aeva¨ n‡j, gnv w`e‡mi
kvw¯— Avgvi Rb¨ AeavwiZ|
10. A-jvD ZvK¡vDA¨jv-- nv-wR¡qxb| [69:nvK¡v-4447] A_©: †m [bex] hw` Avgvi bv‡g wb‡R wKQy iPbv
Ki‡Zv! Z‡e Aek¨B Avwg Zvi Wvb nvZ a‡i
†djZvg; AZtci Zvi Rxeb agbx †K‡U †djZvg;
ZLb †Zvgv‡`i †KnB Zv‡K i¶v Ki‡Z cvi‡Z bv|
11. A-gvj−vg BqvnKzg-- ûgyj dv-‡QK¡zb| [4:gv‡q`v:
44-49] A_©: †Kvivb Abyhvqx hviv wb‡`©k, wePvi,
gxgvsmv K‡i bv; ZvivB Kv‡di, dv‡mK I Rv‡jg|
bexMY †Kvivb Z_v Avj−vni msweav‡bi evB‡i wZj
cwigvY K_v I KvR Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv Ges K‡ibwb| mKj
bex Avj−vni Kv‡Q GB k‡Z© Iqv`ve×| Avj−vn cÖYxZ
msweavb bexMY KLbI j•Nb K‡ib bv, GwUB bex‡`i

85

wekvjZg I †kªôZg Av`k©| bexMY‡K AbymiY Kivi A_©,
Zv‡`i GB gnvb Av`k©‡KB AbymiY Kiv; A_©vr †Kvivb,
Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ msweavb AbymiY Kiv; Kw_Z †evLvix
†gvm‡jg‡`i iwPZ `jxq nvw`m AbymiY Kiv b‡n| c¶vš—
‡i nv‡ji nvw`m cwÛZMY cÖKv‡k¨B †NvlYv K‡i _v‡Kb †h
gnvbex wb‡Ri Zid †_‡K A_©vr †Kvivb ewnf©~Z eû K_v I
KvR K‡i‡Qb| ïay ZvB bq, GK GK mgq GK GK iKg
K_vI e‡j‡Qb| †m¸wjI bvwK GKai‡Yi Awn! GRb¨
Awn‡K Zviv `yB fv‡M fvM K‡i‡Qb: K. †Kvivb: Awn
gZjy, A_©vr cwVZe¨ Awn; L. nvw`m: Awn Mvq‡i gZjy,
A_©vr AcwVZe¨ [covi A‡hvM¨ bq‡Zv!] Awn| GB `y‡qi
cv_©K¨ †`Lv‡Z wM‡q R‰bK nvw`m cwÛZ [kvqL] wj‡L‡Qb:
K. †Kviv‡bi A_© I fvlv DfqB A¶‡i A¶‡i Awn
gvidZ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Ges
wReªxj KZ©„K cwVZ n‡q‡Q| Ges Dnv‡K Awn gZjy
e‡j|
L. nvw`‡mi A_© I welqe¯‘ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K Awn
gvidZ cÖvß e‡U, wKš‘ Dnvi kã I evK¨ ivQy‡ji
iwPZ| †Kvivb nvw`‡mi Drm GKB| ZvB †Kvivb
Avj−vni evYx †hgb wbfy©j, nvw`m I Z`ªƒc wbfy©j|
G‡Z m‡›`n †bB| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`; AvwR. nK;
1g LÛ; gyLeÜ Aa¨vq, c„: 12]

Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| Ggb g~K, ewai I AÜ †d‡i¯—v‡`i
gvidZ Awn cvVvevi AwfcÖvq m‡›`n I inm¨RbK
e‡U! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Awni GKgvÎ evnK wQ‡jb
wReªvBj; wZwb g~K, ewai A_ev AÜ wQ‡jb bv| Zvi
enbK…Z Awn [†Kvivb] m‡½ m‡½ †jLvi c‡iI bvwK
wReªxj `yBevi cix¶v K‡i ms‡kvab K‡i w`‡q‡Qb
(!)| c¶vš—‡i, bvg cwiPq wenxb †evev, ewai †d‡i¯—
vMY Ônvw`m AwnÕ enb K‡i Avbvi wZb kZ ermi
c‡i †jLv nq Ges Zv †jLK ¯^qs Bgvg †evLvixMY
Qvov †Kvb gvbyl ev †d‡i¯—v KZ©„K cix¶v Kiv nq wb|
GgZve¯’vq Ô†Kvivb †hgb wbfz©j, nvw`mI Z`ªƒc
wbfy©j; G‡Z †Kvb m‡›`n †bBÕ Ggb wek¦vm hviv
K‡ib, Zv‡`i g~j D‡Ïk¨ †Kvivb Z_v Bmjv‡gi cÖwZ
cÖPÛ ûgwK¯^iƒc e‡U!
3. gnvbex Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K wQ‡jb bv| Kw_Z nq Ges
kwiq‡Zi KwVY wek¦vm †h, wZwb wjL‡Z co‡Z
Rvb‡Zb bv A_ev kwiqZx gv‡idvZx Kwe MvqKI
wQ‡jb bv| A_P wZwb ¯^qs Awn iPbv K‡i‡Qb; GZ
eo `yb©vg gnv bexi D¤§ZM‡Yi c‡¶ A‡kvfbxq|
*

cv_©K¨Ø‡qi mgv‡jvPbv
1. Dwj−wLZ aviv `yÕwUi c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi †Kvb mg_©b
†bB, cÖPwjZ nvw`m m~Î I msÁviI AvIZvq c‡o
bv; GgbwK Bgvg‡`i †Kvb nvw`‡mI Zvi mg_©b †bB|
GwU nv‡ji nvw`m cwÛZ‡`i e¨w³MZ d‡Zvqv ev
aviYv gvÎ|
2. Ônvw`‡mi A_© I welqe¯‘ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K Awn
gvidZ G‡m‡QÕ hvi kã I evK¨ ivQ‡ji wb‡Ri iPbv

Dg,D¤§yb A_©: gvZv, Drm, wfwË,g~j, wkKo, DcKiY,
Ae¯’vb ev a‡i ivLv|
D¤§yj wKZve A_©: MÖš’ Rbbx; Av‡`k wb‡l‡ai Drm ¯’j|
D¤§xDb, D¤§xCb A_©: hviv Hkx MÖš’ AbymiY K‡i bv ev
cvqwb| wØZxq A_©: hviv †jLv-cov Rv‡b bv|
D¤§x A_©: gvZvi Ask ¯^iƒc ev A½xf~Z nIqv ev
AwaKvify³ nIqv
A_©vr gv‡qi ey‡Ki wkï †hgb wb‡`©vl wb®úvc; Ggb e¨vw³

29 gnvbex g~L© ev wbi¶i wQ‡jb bv

86

†h Hkx MÖ‡š’i AwaKvix b‡n| [`ª: †Kvivb gwR`; Zv‡ni
Avn&g`; wUKv bs-113 K. 384,1058, 1450, 2645|]
‡Kviv‡b ÔD¤§xÕ k‡ãi e¨envi:
1. AKzjxj−vwRbv DZzj †KZvev AjD¤§xCbv Av
AvQjvgZzg| [3: Bgivb-20] A_©: Avi ej! hv‡`i
†KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges hv‡`i †KZve †`qv nqwb,
[D¤§xCbv] Ô †Zvgiv mK‡j wK AvZ¥ mgc©b K‡iQ?Õ
[f³ n‡qQ?]
2. ûqvj−vwR evqvQv wdj D¤§xCbv -- ¤§yweb| [62:
Rygyqv-2] A_©: wZwbB D¤§xw`‡Mi g‡a¨ Zv‡`iB
GKRb‡K [D¤§x‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb D¤§x‡K (†gvnv¤§`)]
ivQyjiƒ‡c g‡bvwbZ K‡i‡Qb; †h Zv‡`i wbKU Zuvi
AvqvZ/†KZve c‡o ïbvq; Zv‡`i cweÎ K‡i Ges
wk¶v †`q wKZve I wnKgZ; BwZc~‡e© †Zv Bnviv
wQj †Nvi weåvwš—‡Z|
3. A wgbûg D¤§xDbv-- jv BqvRybœyb| [2:evKviv-78]
A_©:Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb KZK D¤§x †jvK Av‡Q hv‡`i
wg_¨v Avkv e¨ZxZ wKZve m¤^‡Ü †Kvb Ávb †bB,
Zviv ïay Ag~jK aviYv †cvlY K‡i|
Dwj−wLZ 3wU Avqv‡Z ÔD¤§xÕ k‡ãi A_© ¯^”Q Avqbvi gZ
cwi¯‹vi| A_©vr Gi c~‡e© hv‡`i cÖwZ †Kvb ivQyj Av‡mwb,
hviv c~‡e© †Kvb †KZve ev c_ cÖ`k©K cvqwb, bexmn
Zv‡`i mKj‡KB ÔD¤§xÕ wnmv‡e mbv³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| ivQyj
‡h co‡Z Rvb‡Zb Ges ‡KZve cov wkLv‡Zb, weÁvb myÎ
[†nKgZ] wk¶v w`‡Zb Zv 2 bs AvqvZwU ev¯—e mv¶x;
Gic‡iI m‡›`n _vK‡j ev wek¦vm bv Ki‡j AviI cÖgvb
j¶bxq:
K.
A Kvj~-- AvwQjvb| [25:dziKvb-5] A_©: Dnviv
e‡j, G¸wj †Zv Avw`Kv‡ji DcK_v, hv †m
[†gvnv¤§`] wj‡L iv‡L| ‡h¸wj mKvj mÜv Zvui
wbKU Ave„wZ [Awn] Kiv nq|

L.

GKiv †e-Gm‡g iveŸyKv--‡ej Kvjvg| [96:
AvjvK-1-4] A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki bv‡g
co--whwb wjwLZfv‡e /wjLvi gva¨‡g [Kj‡gi
mvnv‡h¨] wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb|
M.
DZjy gv Dwnqv BjvBKv wgbvj wKZv‡e-- [29:
AvbKveyZ-45] A_©: Zzwg †Zvgvi cÖwZ cÖZ¨vw`ó
wKZve co--|
N.
A gv KybZv-- gye‡Zj~b| [29:AvbKveyZ-48]
A_©: Zzwg †Zv AZx‡Zi †Kvb wKZve [wb‡R] wjLwb
ev cowbI, hv‡Z wg_y¨KMY †Zvgv‡K m‡›`n Ki‡Z
cv‡i|
D‡j−wLZ PviwU AvqvZB cwi¯‹vi mv¶¨ †`q †h, wZwb
wjL‡Z-co‡Z Rvb‡Zb wKš‘ AZx‡Zi MÖš’¸wj, hv‡Z
bex-ivQyj AvMg‡Yi fwel¨r evbx Ges †Kviv‡bi weavbB
Dnv‡Z D‡j−L Av‡Q hvÕ wZwb wb‡R wj‡Lbwb, wb‡R
c‡obwb, wb‡R AbymiY K‡ibwb; GgbwK wZwb ZLb
Dcw¯’ZI wQ‡jb bv, hv‡Z Awek¦vmxMY m‡›`n Ki‡Z
cv‡i †h, †gvnv¤§` Dnv bKj K‡i‡Q| Ggb mZ¨wU
Dcjwãi Rb¨ wbæ AvqvZwU D‡j−L‡hvM¨:
Agv Kzb&Zv-- Bqv ZvRv°vi“b| [28: Kvmvm-46] A_©:
gymv‡K hLb Avwg AvnŸvb K‡iwQjvg ZLb Zzwg Z~i ce©‡Zi
cv‡k Dcw¯’Z wQ‡j bv [A_P Zzwg Bnv GLb AeMZ n‡qQ|]
e¯‘Z Bnv †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki `qv ¯^iƒc, hv‡Z Zzwg Ggb
GK m¤cÖ`vq‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cvi, hv‡`i wbKU †Zvgvi
c~‡e© †Kvb mZK©Kvix Av‡mwb, †hb Zviv Dc‡`k MÖnY
K‡i|
Avw`Kvj †_‡K gnvbexi bv‡g Kzrmv iwUZ n‡q Avm‡Q ‡h,
wZwb g~L©
eKjg wQ‡jb Ges eKjg bexi gva¨‡g †Kvivb Awn n‡q
cÖKvk Kiv‡K ‡gvmjgvbMY GKwU Ab¨Zg †gv‡RRv
e‡jI wek¦gq cÖPvi Ki‡Z †MŠie †eva K‡ib; Ges Zvi

87

¯^c‡¶ †Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ ÔD¤§xÕ kãwU e¨envi K‡ib|
g~jZt ÔD¤§xÕ kãwUi A_© cÖavbZt mv`vwmav, wb‡`©vl, mij
cÖK…wZi; BsivwR‡Z hv‡K ÔB‡bœv‡Q›UÕ e‡j wKš‘ wZwb
Bwj−Uv‡iU ev BwWqU wQ‡jb bv|
Avj−vn wK! Awn wK! ‡KZve wK! wReªvBj wK! BZ¨vw`
m¤^‡Ü wZwb m¤ú~Y© AÁ wQ‡jb| GgbwK wZwb Awn cvIqvi
c‡iI Rvb‡Zb bv †h, wZwb bex n‡q‡Qb ev n‡”Qb; G
A‡_©B wZwb D¤§x wQ‡jb Ges Zuvi m¤cÖ`vqI D¤§x wQ‡jb;
hv‡`i Kv‡Q Gi c~‡e© †Kvb bex-ivQyj Av‡mwb, †KZveI
Av‡mwb| GRb¨B bexmn Avey‡h‡nj, Avey mywdqvb Ges
ZrKvwjb weL¨vZ mKj Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K, `vk©wbK, cwÛZ,
ivRbxwZwe`mn c~Y© RvwZwU‡KB ÔD¤§xÕ ejv n‡q‡Q| g~jZt
wZwb Avey‡h‡nj‡`i †P‡qI DbœZ †jLv Rvb‡Zb co‡ZI
cvi‡Zb Ges MvwYwZK wnmve wbKvkI Rvb‡Zb; bZzev
wewe Lvw`Rvi Avš—R©vwZK e¨emv wK K‡i cwiPvjbv
Ki‡Zb! ee©i, AÜKvi we‡k¦ Áv‡bi Av‡jv R¡vwj‡q Ges
Zv cÖwZóv Kiv GKRb A¶i Ávbnxb ee©i, wbi¶i
gvby‡li c‡¶ KíbvZxZ| Awkw¶Z, g~L© ev D¤§x bex e‡j
kwiqZ AwaK †MŠie Abyfe K‡i _v‡Kb e‡jB kãwU‡K
†K›`ª K‡iB nvw`m †jLKMY Ôg~L© wbi¶i bexÕ e‡j me©ÎB
a„óZvi ¯^v¶i †i‡L‡Qb| ZvB Kw_Z nq †h, ‡Kvivb
KwZcq †jLK Øviv wjLvB‡Zb Ges Dnv Rbmvavi‡Yi
m‡›`n gy³ I weZK© Govevi Rb¨ wReªvCj Øviv 1/2evi
cix¶v Kiv n‡q‡Q e‡j ev¯—e ˆeÁvwbK hyw³ cÖgvb nxb
MvRv‡Lvix nvw`m iPbv K‡i‡Qb; Avi G Kvi‡Y m‡›`n
Av‡iv evovi K_v| KviY: Awn K‡i‡Q Avj−vn, enb K‡i‡Q
wReªvBj, ï‡b‡Q †gvnv¤§`,wj‡L‡Q Qvnvev; AZtci
Qvnvev‡`i †jLv cix¶v K‡i‡Q wReªvBj| AZGe
†Kviv‡bi wbf©~jZv m¤^‡Ü †kvbv (†MŠY),KvíwbK mv¶x
Qvov gnvbexi †`Lv ev cov (gyL¨) mv¶xi †Kvb wbðqZv
_v‡K bv; Zv‡`i wek¦vm †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) †m †hvM¨ZvI wQj

bv!
Zv‡`i ‡`Lv DwPr †h, †Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Z cÖgvb K‡i †h,
†gvnv¤§` wjL‡Z-co‡Z cvi‡Zb|Õ myZivs Zviv hw`
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj Aw¯^Kvi bv Ki‡Zv Z‡e: ÒAwn
ï‡b‡Qb †gvnv¤§` (mv), wj‡L‡Qb ‡gvnv¤§`, cÖPvi K‡i‡Qb
†gvnv¤§` GgbwK cix¶v K‡i‡Qb †gvnv¤§`;Ó GB ev¯—e
my‡Îi Dc‡i wek¦vm _vK‡Zv| Avi Zv‡Z KvíwbK Ges
AcÖvgvwbK mv¶x †`Iqvi Rb¨ wReªvBj‡K †U‡b Avbvi
`iKvi nÕ‡Zv bv, gnvbex‡KI Lv‡Uv Kivi cÖ‡qvRb nÕ‡Zv
bv, m‡e©vcwi †Kviv‡bi Dc‡i Kv‡iv m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK
nÕ‡Zv bv| ïay †gvnv¤§`B (mv) bb, Ggb D¤§x wQ‡jb Av`g
†_‡K mKj bexMY; we‡k¦i AwaKvsk †kªó `vk©wbK,
‰eÁvwbKMY; ZvB e‡j Zviv wjL‡ZI Rvb‡Zb bv co‡ZI
Rvb‡Z bv G aviYv Ag~jK| ZvÕQvov mKj D¤§x bexMYB wK
†jvKØviv Awn wjLv‡Zb? mgq †bB, Amgq †bB Mfxi
iv‡Z Awn Avm‡Zv Avi wZwb ‡fv‡i †jLK‡`i Lei
w`‡Zb, A‡c¶vq _vK‡Zb wjLvevi Rb¨! ‡Kviv‡b Ggb
†Kvb mv¶x †bB †h `xN© 30cviv †Kvivb wjLv‡Z bex‡K
KLbI Awn K‡i‡Qb †h, ÔAgyK-AgyK †jL‡Ki mvnvh¨ bvI
ev †jLK †W‡K Av‡bv!Õ A_ev ÔAgyK †jLK wek¦¯’ Ges
AgyK m‡›`nhy³!Õ g~jZt gnvbex †h †jLv-cov Rvb‡Zb ev
wjL‡Z co‡Z cvi‡Zb ZvÕkwiq‡Zi nvw`‡mI cÖgvb †`q
†h, wZwb †hLv‡bB †h‡Zb m‡½ mKj mgqB KvMR-Kjg
ivL‡Zb| [`ª: submission.org]
wb‡R KvMR-Kjg m‡½ ivL‡Zb, A_P wjL‡Z cvi‡Zb
bv! Avi Awn n‡jB c‡KU †_‡K KvMR-Kjg †ei K‡i
†jLvi Rb¨ A‡b¨I ¯§iYvcbœ n‡Zb ev n‡qwQ‡jb!
kwiq‡Zi nvw`‡m †Zgb GKwU gvÎ cÖgvb cvIqv hvq bv|
wewe Lvw`Rv, wewe Avqkvmn Zuvi A‡bK weweMYB
†jLvcov Rvb‡Zb e‡j BwZnvm cvIqv hvq, Ges nvw`m
mv¶x †`q †h, wewe Avqkvi N‡i _vKvKvjxb iv‡Z bvwK

88

Awn †ewk †ewk Avm‡Zv! wKš‘ gnvbex Awn †jLvevi Rb¨
weweM‡Yi ¯§iYvcbœ n‡q‡Qb ev nÕ‡Zb e‡j †Kvb BwZnvm
†bB, †bB GKwU gvÎ nvw`m| Bnv me©Rbwew`Z †h gnvbexi
RxeY mvqv‡ý wjwLZfv‡e DËivwaKvi wbhy³ Ki‡Z
†P‡qwQ‡jb Ges Qvnvev‡`i Kv‡Q KvMR-Kjg †P‡q
wQ‡jb; wKš‘ Igi [iv] Zvui Amy¯’Zvi ARynv‡Z KvMRKjg †`bwb| ev¯—weKB hw` wZwb wjL‡Z bv Rvb‡Zb Z‡e
KvMR-Kjg PvB‡Zb bv Avi IgiI cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb bv;
eis kwiq‡Zi aviYv g‡Z wZwb hv wjL‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb Zv
¯^fve wm× c~e©er †gŠwLK †NvlbvB K‡i w`‡Zb| wKš‘ wZwb
†jLvi my‡hvM cvbwb e‡j g‡bi K_v †NvlbvI K‡ibwb|
Kw_Z nq †h, gnvbex †`k-we‡`‡ki ivRv-ev`kv‡`i
wjwLZfv‡e Bmjv‡gi `vIqvZ w`‡Zb, hy× weMÖ‡ni Pzw³ ev
mwÜcÎ nhiZ Avjx ev Ab¨‡`i Øviv wjLv‡Zb! wKš‘ Zv‡Z
Zvi wbi¶iZvi cwiPq nq bv| KviY eo eo e¨¯—Zg
†jLK‡`i Ggb mwPe †m‡µUvix wbhy³ K‡i _v‡Kb;
gvB‡Kj gay‡kvab `Ë Avw`Kv‡ji wejvZ †dir wQ‡jb
Ges Dcb¨vm †jLvi Rb¨ wZwb 5 Rb kªywZ †jLK wbhy³
K‡i wQ‡jb; Zvi A_© GB bq †h, wZwb wejvZ †dir
A‡dir n‡jI wbi¶i wQ‡jb| wkw¶Z I mgåvš—
cwiev‡ii mš—vbMY GgbwK cÖv_wgK wk¶v MÖnY bv Ki‡jI
Zviv †h wKQy‡ZB eKjg _vK‡Z cv‡i bv ZvÕnjd K‡i
ejv hvq| ‡gvnv¤§` (mv) m‡e©vP¨ mgåvš— cwiev‡ii mš—vb
wQ‡jb Ges Kvevi KZ…©Z¡ wQj Zv‡`i nv‡Z Ggb cwiev‡ii
mš—vbÔ†gvnv¤§` (mv) eKjg wQ‡jbÕ Ggb AvcwËKi åvš—
aviYvi Aemvb nIqv DwPr| Avey‡h‡nj‡`i wk¶vMZ
†hvM¨Zv wK wQj! †Kvb& K‡jR-BDwbfviwmwUi wWMÖx wQj
ZvÕI Zv‡`i mbv³ Kiv DwPr|
*
30 gnvbex fwel¨r Rvb‡Zb bv

1. Kzj−vAv AvKzjy-- ZvZvdv°vi“b| [6: AvbAvg-50]
A_©: ej! Avwg †Zvgv‡`i Bnv ewj bv †h, Avgvi
wbKU Avj−vni ab-fvÛvi Av‡Q, fwel¨r m¤^‡ÜI
Avwg Rvwb bv, Ges †Zvgv‡`i‡K BnvI ewj bv †h,
Avwg wdwik&Zv, Avgvi cÖwZ hv Inx nq Avwg ïay
ZviB AbymiY Kwi; ej! AÜ I P¶z®§vb wK mgvb?
†Zvgiv wK Abyaveb Ki bv?
2. Kzj−v Avw¤−Kz--BD‡gbyb|[ 7:Avivd-188] A_©:
ej! Avj−vn hv B”Qv K‡ib Zv e¨ZxZ Avgvi wb‡Ri
fvj-g‡›`i DciI Avgvi †Kvb AwaKvi †bB|
Avwg hw` fwel¨‡Zi Lei RvbZvg Z‡e †Zv Avwg
cÖf~Z Kj¨vYB jvf Ki‡Z cviZvg Ges †Kvb
wec`B Avgv‡K ¯úk© Ki‡Z cviZ bv| Avwg †Zv
ïay gywgb†`i Rb¨ mZK©Kvix I mymsev`evnx gvÎ|
3. A BqvKzjybv-- gyRZv‡Rixb| [10:BDbym-20]
A_©: Bnviv e‡j, Zvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K
Zvi wbKU †Kvb wb`k©b AeZxY© nq bv †Kb? ej!
fwel¨‡Zi Ávb †Zv †Kej Avj−vniB; †Zvgiv
cÖZx¶v Ki AvwgI †Zvgv‡`i m‡½ cÖwZ¶v KiwQ|
4. Ajv AvKzjy-- hv‡jgxb| [11: û`-31] A_©: Avwg
†Zvgv‡`i ewj bv †h, Avgvi wbKU Avj−vni abfvÛvi Av‡Q, Avi bv fwel¨r m¤^‡Ü Avwg AeMZ,
Ges Avwg BnvI ewj bv †h, Avwg wdwikZv|
†Zvgv‡`i `„wó‡Z hviv †nq Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü Avwg
ewj bv †h, Avj−vn Zv‡`i KLbB g½j Ki‡eb bv;
Zv‡`i Aš—‡i hv Av‡Q, Zv Avj−vn mg¨K AeMZ|
Zv n‡j Avwg Aek¨B Rvwjg‡`i Aš—f~©³ ne|
5. K¡zj−v-Avw¤−Kz-- Avj−vû [10: BDbyQ-49] ej!
Avj−vn hv B”Qv K‡ib Zv Qvov Avgvi wb‡Ri jvf‡jvKmv‡bi Dci Avgvi †Kvb ¶gZv †bB|

89

GZ` m¤^Üxq hvewZq Qwnn (?) nvw`m¸wj †h Wvnv wg_¨v,
†Kvivb wei“× Ges gnvbexi bv‡g cwiKwíZ Pµvš— Zv
njd& K‡iB ejv hvq|
*
31 gnvbexi `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨
1. Bbœv AviQvj bvKv--| [2: evKviv] A_©: Avwg
†Zvgv‡K mZ¨mn ïf msev``vZv I mZK©Kvixi“‡c
†cÖiY K‡iwQ| Rvnvbœvgx‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Zvgv‡K †Kvb
cÖkœ Kiv n‡e bv|
2. A jvb--|[ 2:evKviv- 120] A_©: Bûw` I
L„óvbMY †Zvgvi cÖwZ KLbI mš‘ó n‡e bv, hZ¶Y
bv Zzwg Zv‡`i ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki| ej, Avj−vni
c_-wb‡`©kB cÖK…Z c_-wb‡`©k| Ávb Avmvi ci
Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj Lykxi AbymiY Ki Z‡e
Avj−vni wec‡¶ †Zvgvi †Kvb AwffveK cv‡e bv
Ges †Kvb mvnvh¨KvixI _vK‡e bv|
3. jvBQv AvjvBKv--| [2: evKviv] A_©: Zv‡`i mr
c‡_ Avbvi `vq-`vwqZ¡ †Zvgvi bq; eis Avj−vn
hv‡K B”Qv mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡ib--|
4. A KvRvwjKv--| [42: ïiv-7] A_©: Gfv‡e Avwg
†Zvgvi cÖwZ KziAvb AeZxY© KiwQ Aviex fvlvq
hv‡Z Zzwg mZK© Ki‡Z cvi gK¡v I Zvi Pvi cv‡ki
RbMY‡K-- |
5. A gv Kv bv--| [3: Bgivb-161] A_©: †Kvb bexi
c‡¶ m¤¢e bq †h, †m wKQy †Mvcb Ki‡e| †h †KD
†Mvcb Ki‡e †m ‡Zv wKqvg‡Zi w`b jyKvb me
welq wb‡qB nvwRi n‡Z eva¨ _vK‡e|
6. gv AvQvevKv--| [4: wbQv-79, 80] A_©:-- Ges
†Zvgv‡K gvby‡li Rb¨ ivQyj iƒ‡c †cÖiY K‡iwQ

mv¶x wnmv‡e Avj−vnB h‡_ó| †Kn ivQy‡ji
AvbyMZ¨ Ki‡j †m †Zv Avj−vniB AvbyMZ¨ Kij
Ges ‡Kn cÖZ¨vL¨vY Ki‡j †Zvgv‡K Zv‡`i
ZË¡veavqK wbhy³ Kwiwb|
7. dvKvwZj--| [4 wbQv-84] A_©:-- †Zvgv‡K ïay
†Zvgvi wb‡Ri Rb¨B `vqx Kiv n‡e-- |
8. Bbœv AvbRvj&bv-- | [4; wbQv-105, 107] A_©:
†Zvgvi cÖwZ mZ¨ wKZve bvwRj K‡iwQ hv‡Z Zzwg
†mB Abymv‡i gvby‡li g‡a¨ wePvi-gxgvsmv Ki
Ges wek¦vm f½Kvix‡`i mg_©‡b ZK© KwiI bv| - hviv wbRw`M‡K cÖZvwiZ K‡i Zv‡`i c‡¶
SMov weev` KwiI bv|
9. Bbœv AvbRvjbv--| [ 5: gv‡q`v-48] A_©: †Zvgvi
cÖwZ mwVK wKZve AeZxY© K‡iwQ hv AZxZ
wKZv‡ei mg-A_©‡evaK Ges DnvB msi¶Y Kivi
Rb¨| myZivs Avj−vn hv AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb wVK
Z`bymv‡i Zv‡`i wePvi wb®úwË KwiI|
10.Bqv AvBqynviivQyjy--| [5: gv‡q`v-67] A_©: †n
ivQyj! †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K †Zvgvi
cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Zv cÖPvi Ki| hw` bv Ki
Z‡e Zzwg Zvi Av‡`k A¯^xKviKvix wnmv‡e MY¨
n‡e|-- Avj−vn Kvwdi m¤cÖ`vq‡K mr c‡_
cwiPvwjZ K‡ib bv|
11.gv AvjviivQyjx--| [5; gv‡q`v-99] A_©: cÖPvi
KivB †Kej ivQy‡ji KZ©e¨--|
12.K¡yj AvBqy--| [5: gv‡q`v-19] A_©: -- Ges GB
‡Kvivb Avgvi wbKU †cÖixZ n‡q‡Q †hb †Zvgv‡`i
Ges hvi wbKU †cuŠQ‡e Zv‡`i ‡KvivbØvivB Avwg
mZK© Kwi--|
13.A jv ZvZi“w`--| [5: gv‡q`v-52] A_©: hviv
Zv‡`i cÖwZcvjK‡K cÖv‡Z I mܨvq Zvi mš‘wói

90

Rb¨ Wv‡K Zv‡`i Zzwg weZvwoZ KwiI bv| Zv‡`i
K‡g©i Revew`wni `vwhZ¡ †Zvgvi bq Ges †Zvgvi
†Kvb K‡g©i Revew`wni `vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i bq †h Zzwg
Zv‡`i weZvwoZ Ki‡e; Ki‡j Zzwg Rvwjg‡`i
`jf~³ n‡e|
14.A gv byi‡Qjy--| [6 AvbAvg-48] A_©:
ivQyjMY‡K †Zv ïay mymsev`evnx I mKK©Kvixiƒ‡cB
cvVv‡bv nq--|
15.A Kv¾vev--| [6: AvbAvg-66] A_©: †Zvgvi
m¤cÖ`vq †Zv Dnv‡K wg_¨v e‡j‡Q A_P Dnv mZ¨|
ej, ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡`i DwKj bB|Õ
16.A jvI kvqvj−vû--| [6 AvbAvg-107] A_©: -Ges †Zvgv‡K Zv‡`i Rb¨ i¶K wbhy³ Kwiwb| Avi
Zzwg Zv‡`i AwffveK bI|
17.Bj−v Avbv--| [6 AvbAvg-188] A_©: -- Avwg
†Zv ïay Zv‡`i Rb¨ mZK©Kvix hviv Avgv‡K wek¦vm
K‡i|
18.K¡yj! gv BqvK¡yjy--| [10: BDbym-15] A_©:-- ej,
ÔwbR n‡Z Bnv e`jvb Avgvi KvR b‡n| Avgvi
cÖwZ hv Inx nq, Avwg †Kej ZvB AbymiY Kwi|
Avwg Avgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki Aeva¨ n‡j Avwg gnv
w`e‡mi kvw¯— cÖvß n‡ev|
19.A AvËvevZz--| [ 12: BDmyd- 38] A_©: Avwg
Avgvi wcZ…cyi“l Beivnxg, BmnvK Ges BqvKz‡ei
gZev` AbymiY Kwi--|
20.Qy¤§v AvInvBbv--| [16 bvnj-123] A_©: Avwg
†Zvgv‡K cÖZ¨v‡`k Kijvg, ÔZzwg GKwbô
Beivnx‡gi ag©`k© AbmiY Ki--|
21.A jvI ZvKveŸvjv--| [69: nvK¡v-44-47] A_©:
†m hw` Avgvi bv‡g wKQy iPbv K‡i cÖPvi Ki‡Zv
Z‡e Avwg Aek¨B Zvi Wvb nvZ a‡i †djZvg,

Ges Zvi Rxeb agbx †K‡U †djZvg| AZrci
‡Zvgv‡`i mva¨ wQj bv Zv‡K i¶v Ki‡Z|
22.bvnby Avjvgy--| [50 Kvd-45] A_©: Dnviv hv
e‡j Zv Avwg Rvwb, Zzwg Zv‡`i Dci Rei`w¯—
Kvix bI; myZivs ‡h Avgvi kvw¯—‡K fq K‡i Zv‡K
Dc‡`k `vI Kziv‡bi mvnv‡h¨|
23.dvRvK¡vi“--| 88: Mvwmqv-21, 22] A_©: AZGe
Zzwg Dc‡`k `vI; Zzwg †Zv GKRb Dc‡`k `vZv
gvÎ| Zzwg Zv‡`i kvlK bI|
***

civ‡_©

PZz_© Aa¨vq
32 †Kvivb c~Y©, mnR-mij
hw`I †Kviv‡b ¯^qs Avj−vn AmsL¨evi †NvlYv K‡ib
†h, †Kvivb c~Y©, †Kvivb cwic~Y© Rxeb-giY e¨e¯’v| mgMÖ
gymwjg we‡k¦i G‡nb wek¦vm P‚ovš—fv‡eB †gŠwLK I †k−vMvb
me©¯^ ; ev¯—eZvi m‡½ Gi †Kvb m¤úK© †bB| KviY
ci¶‡YB Avgv‡`i cybt wek¦vm: †Kviv‡b hv †bB, Zv
nvw`‡m ; nvw`‡m hv †bB, Zv †dKnvq ; †dKnvq hv †bB Zv
GRgvq ; GRgvq hv †bB Zv †Kqv‡Q ; †Kqv‡Q hv †bB Zv
Av‡jg-gydZx‡`i g~‡L! A_©vr Avj−vni †KZv‡e hv †bB Zv

91

gbyl¨ iwPZ Dc-ag©MÖ‡š’; †mLv‡b bv _vK‡j Av‡jg‡`i
gy‡Li d‡ZvqvB ‡Kvivb Z_v hveZxq `wj‡ji D‡×© Ges
BnvB Pzovš—! [Zv¾e e‡U!]
G mKj Dc-ag© MÖš’vw`i ¯^c‡¶ gvÎ 3wU mgm¨v
DÌvcb K‡ib: (K) bvgvR wKfv‡e co‡ev (L) RvKvZ KZ
Ask w`e (M) FZzeZx wewe †_‡K KZ nvZ `~‡i _vK‡ev|
GiKg K‡qKwU cÖ‡kœi ARynv‡Z †Kviv‡bi cvkvcvwk ci
ci 5 Lvwb Dc-ag©MÖš’, A_©vr `yÕb¤^ix †_‡K cuvP b¤^ix MÖš’
iwPZ n‡q‡Q| hv enb Ki‡Z Muvav ev Mvwoi cÖ‡qvRb nq|
†Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Zi msL¨v Kw_Z nq 6,666wU [cÖPwjZ
†Kviv‡b cvIqv hvq gvÎ 6,236wU] c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡mi
msL¨v 7 nvRvi †_‡K 29 nvRvi GgbwK gZvš—‡i 40 nvRvi
ev j¶| A_©vr kwiqZ cÖZ¨¶ I c‡iv¶fv‡e GUvB ‡Nvlbv
K‡i †h, †Kviv‡bi GKwU evYxI c~Y© bq! c¶vš—‡i, Ggb
†Kvb cÖkœ ev welq †bB; hvi mgvavb †Kviv‡b †bB:
1. A-B›`vû --we¤§yexb| [6: AvbAvg-59] A_©: A`„‡k¨i
KzwÄ Zvi Kv‡QB i‡q‡Q, wZwb e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kn Rv‡b
bv| R‡j I ¯’‡j hv wKQy Av‡Q Zv wZwbB AeMZ; Zvi
AÁvZmv‡i GKwU cvZvI c‡o bv; gvwUi AÜKv‡i
Ggb †Kvb km¨KYvI AsKzwiZ nq bv ev imhy³ wKsev
ﮋ Ggb †Kvb e¯‘ †bB hv my¯úó wKZv‡e †bB|
2. Agv BqvÕhyey--we¤§yweb| [10:BDbym-61] A_©: `„k¨A`„‡k¨ [AvKvk-Rwg‡b] wZj cwigvYI †Zvgvi i‡ei
A‡MvP‡i b‡n| Avi Dnv A‡c¶vI ¶z`ª wKsev e„nr
mewKQyB GB †KZv‡e wjwLZ Av‡Q|
3. A bvR&hvjbv--jxj gym‡jgxb| [16: bvnj-89] A_©:
Avwg f³‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡Z¨KwU welq ¯úó e¨vL¨vmn
Kj¨vY, c_ wb‡`©k I my-msev`iƒ‡c GB †KZv‡e eY©bv
K‡iwQ|
4. A jvK¡v`-- Bj−v Kzdz-iv| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-89]
A_©: Avwg GB †Kviv‡b gvby‡li Rb¨ mKj welq Ges

wek`fv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡iwQ| wKš‘ †ekxi fvM †jvKB Zv
A¯^xKvi K‡i|
5. ABbœv iveŸvKv -- wd wKZv-we¤§yweb| [27:bgj74,75] A_©: ¯^-¯^ Aš—‡i hv wKQy †Mvcb ev cÖKvk
K‡i hv‡”Q, Zv Avcb cvjbKZ©v Aek¨B Rv‡b| `„k¨A`„‡k¨i Ggb wKQy †bB hvi D‡j−L GB †KZv‡e †bB|
†Kvivb c~Y©, c~Y©fv‡eB cwic~Y©; G‡Z †Kvb m‡›`n ev
†KvbB duvK-†dvKo †bB| †Kvivb mnR, mij I cÖvÄj
Ges we¯—vwiZ weeiY I c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn [Zdmxi] bvwRj Kiv
Av‡Q; hv Dc‡ivwj−wLZ AmsL¨ `wjj cÖgvY Øviv
myVvgfv‡eB cÖwZwôZ| myZivs Ô‡Kvivb ms‡¶c, nvw`m
Qvov †evSv qvq bv,Õ BZ¨vw` e³e¨ mivmwi Avj−vni
wei“‡×B cÖwZev`|†Kvb GKwU ev GKvwaK welq bv eyS‡j
Zvi A_© G bq †h, Zv Am¤ú~Y© ev ms‡¶c| Avj−vn‡K `vwq
bv K‡i eis Avcb Avcb AvK¡j-Ávb‡K `vwq Kiv DwPr|
AZGe mva¨gZ †Kvivb co‡Z n‡e, Mfxi wPš—v-M‡elYvq
‡evSvi †Póv Ki‡Z n‡e; ey‡S bv Avm‡j Kvqgbev‡K¨
Avj−vni mvnvh¨ cÖv_©bv Ki‡Z n‡e; Avi Zv cÖavbZt Avcb
Avcb fvlvqB m¤¢e|
cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi Av‡jv‡K Av‡jg‡`i wek¦vm †h, †Kvivb
Lye ms‡¶c,KwVb I AvKvi Bw½Z gvÎ| Dnvi mwVK A_©
eyS‡Z n‡j nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw` Acwinvh©| GB
ÔAcwinvh©Õ A_©B AZ¨vek¨Kxq, hv‡K Aviex‡Z IqvwRe ev
diR e‡j| AZGe diR †Kvivb eyS‡Z di‡Ri diR
Ônvw`mÕcÖavb I c~e©kZ© wnmv‡e kwiqZ gymwjg mgv‡R
cÖwZôv Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q|
c¶vš—‡i †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i : †Kvivb mnR, mij I
cÖvÄj
1. Avj nvg`y-- BAR¡v| [18: Kvn&d-1] A_©: mKj
Zvwid Avj−vni Rb¨, whwb wbR ev›`vi Kv‡Q GB
†KZve bvwRj K‡i‡Qb| hv‡Z wKQy gvÎ RwUjZv

92

†bB|
2. Bbœv-nv-R¡vj-- AvRivb Kvweiv| [17: ewbBmªvBj-9] A_©: wbðqB GB †Kvivb me‡P‡q mnR I
mij c_ cÖ`k©b K‡i|
3. AjvK¡v`-- Bj−v bydziv| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-41]
A_©:Avwg GB †Kviv‡b eû welq evievi wee„Z K‡iwQ
hv‡Z Dnviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i| wKš‘ Dnv‡Z Dnv‡`i
weg~LZvB e„w× cvq|
4. A jv K¡v`-- wg¤§yÏvwKi| [54: Kvgvi-17, 22, 32,
40] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i †evSvi Rb¨ Avwg GB †Kvivb‡K
mnRZi K‡i bvwRj K‡iwQ| wKš‘ Dc‡`k MÖnY Kivi
gZ †KD Av‡Q wK?
5. A BDevwq¨by-- Bqv ZvRvK¡vi“b| [2:evKviv-221; 3:
Bgivb-118] A_©: gvbe RvwZi Rb¨ AvqvZmg~n
wek` e¨vL¨vmn eywS‡q †`qv n‡jv; †hb Zviv Dc‡`k
jvf Ki‡Z m¶g nq|
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ AmsL¨ hyw³ cÖgvY I cÖZ¨¶ mv¶x _vKvi
c‡iI †KD hw` e‡j †h, †Kvivb AvKvi, Bw½Z ev
ms‡¶‡c ewY©Z; Z‡e Zvi †P‡q Rvwjg Avi †K n‡Z cv‡i!
Z‡e GUv wVK †h †Kviv‡bi cwic~Y© gg©v_© Kv‡iv c‡¶
Rvbv, †evSv †Kvbw`bI m¤¢e bq; KviY Zv‡Z †Kviv‡bi
¸i“Z¡ I MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv †mLv‡bB †kl n‡q hvq| KviY †Kvivb
GK e¨w³ ev GKwU Kv‡ji Rb¨B bq| Dnvi gg©v_© Kv‡ji
Dci wbf©ikxj; GRb¨B ejv n‡q‡Q †h Avj−vni GKwU
evYxi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z mKj MvQ Kjg Ki, mKj mgy`ª †kl
K‡i nvRvi mgy`ª Kvwj Ki ZeyI †kl n‡e bv (`ª:
18:109;31:27) GgbwK †Kvb bexB Zvi Dci Awc©Z
Awni c~Y© A_© Rvb‡Zb bv| Avj−vn e‡jb, ÔDnv Avq‡Z¡i
Rb¨ [†evSvi Rb¨] Nb Nb †VvuU bvwoI bv, Dnv msi¶Y I
†evSvevi `vwqZ¡ Avgvi|Õ [†Kvivb]
†Kviv‡b GiKg †ek wKQy Qyiv I AmsL¨ AvqvZ Av‡Q;

†Kviv‡bi ms‡¶c kã¸wjB Zvi D‡j−L‡hvM¨ cÖgvb, †hgb:
Avwjd jvg wgg, Bqv wmb, K¡vd, †Qvqv`, nv wgg BZ¨vw`|
G¸wji A_© QvnvevMY KLbI wK bex‡K wRÁvmv K‡ib
wb! ¯^fveZt Ges ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB K‡i‡Qb wKš‘ Bnv‡`i
Abyev`, nvw`‡mi †Kv_vI cwijw¶Z bv nIqvi BnvB cÖavb
cÖgvY| AZGe †Kvivb co‡Z wM‡q hLb hv †evaMg¨ bv nq
ZLbB mnR mij g‡b ¯^xKvi K‡i wb‡Z n‡e †h Aš—Z H
AvqvZwUi Rb¨ Avj−vn Avgvi ü`‡q †gvni K‡i w`‡q‡Qb,
AZGe c~Y©fv‡e AvZ¥mgc©Y K‡i Mfxi M‡elYvq wbgMœ
†_‡K †gvni gy‡Q †dj‡Z cvi‡jB gg©v_©wU ü`½g nÕ‡Z
cv‡i| GRb¨B ejv n‡q‡Q †h †Kvivb mvaK, ÁvbxweÁvbx‡`i Rb¨| cweÎ bv n‡q A_©vr wbi‡c¶, wb‡ew`Z
bv n‡q †Kvivb †evSv [¯úk©] hvq bv| Avwg ev Avgiv eywS
bv e‡jB Ô†Kvivb ms‡¶cÕ, nvw`‡mi `iKvi Av‡QÕ
BZ¨vw` e¨vw³ I `jxq d‡Zvqv mivmwi †Kvivb wei“×|
*
33 †Kvivb e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©
1. A jv K¡v` Qviivdbv--hv`vjv| [18:Kvn&d-54] A_©:
Avwg gvby‡li Rb¨ GB †Kviv‡b wewfbœ D`vniY Øviv
c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv K‡iwQ| wKš‘ gvbyl AwaKvsk
e¨vcv‡iB Zv A¯^xKvi K‡i Ges SMov I gZwe‡iv‡a
wjß nq !
2. A nv-Rv--wj KvDwg Bqv¾vK¡viƒb| [6: AvbAvg126] A_©: BnvB †Zvgvi i‡ei wb‡`©wkZ mnR mij
c_| hviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ AvqvZ¸wj
c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn wee„Z K‡iwQ|
3. A BD evwq¨byj−v-nv --Avjxgyb nvwKg| [24: b~i-18,
46, 58, 61] A_©: Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Zvi
evYxmg~n c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn wee„Z K‡i‡Qb|

93

4. gv-Kv-bv nvw`QvBuqydZviv--BDgxbyb| [12: BDmyd111] A_©: nvw`‡mi [†Kvivb‡KB nvw`m e‡j mbv³
Kiv n‡q‡Q] evYx wg_¨v b‡n| wek¦vmx‡`i Rb¨ AZxZ
†KZve¸wji mgv_©K Ges Dnv‡`iB wek` e¨vL¨v,
†n`v‡qZ I ingZ| [AweKj AvqvZ †Kviv‡b AmsL¨]
5. Agv-Kv-bv --Av-jvgxb| [10: BDbym-37] A_©:
GB †Kvivb Avj−vn e¨ZxZ Ab¨ Kv‡iv iPbv b‡n|
c¶vš—‡i, Bnvi c~‡e© hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q, Bnv ZviB
mgv_©K [mg-A_©†evaK; A_©vr GK I Awfbœ] Ges
DnviB wek` e¨vL¨v gvÎ|
6. Dbhyi-- BqvdKvûb| [6: AvbAvg-65] A_©: †`L!
Avwg AvqvZmg~n †Kgb we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv
K‡iwQ †hb Zviv eyS‡Z cv‡i|
7. Kv RvwjKv--BqvmKziƒb& [7: Avivd-58] A_©:
Gfv‡eB K…ZÁ m¤cÖ`v‡qi Rb¨ Avgvi AvqvZ we¯—
vwiZfv‡e e¨vL¨v Kwi|
8. A jvKv`--bydzivb| 17: ewb-BmªvBj-41] A_©: GB
‡Kviv‡b eû welq Avwg evievi wee„Z K‡iwQ hv‡Z
Dnviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i| wKš‘ Bnv‡Z Zv‡`i
weg~LZvB e„w× cvq|
*

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

34 †Kvivb ey‡S covi KwVb ZvwM`
8.
1. AZvÕgyiƒbvbœv-Qv--ZvwK¡Õjyb| [2:evKviv-44] A_©:
†Zvgiv mrKv‡R gvbyl‡`i wb‡`©k `vI Avi wb‡R‡`i
e¨vcv‡i fz‡j _vK? A_P †Zvgiv †KZve co, Z‡e
ey‡S †`L bv †Kb?
2. BDwi`yj−v-û--Avjxg~j nvwKg| [4:wbQv-26] A_©:
Avj−vn B”Qv K‡ib †Zvgv‡`i wbKU c~Y© e¨vL¨v mn
wee„Z Ki‡Z, AZxZ †KZv‡ei ixwZbxwZ †Zvgvw`M‡K

9.
10.

eywS‡q w`‡Z; hv‡Z †Zvgv‡`i ¶gv Kiv hvq| Avj−vn
me©Á I weÁvbgq|
dv Bbœvgv--KvDgvj−yÏv| [19: gwiqg-97] A_©:
Avwg‡Zv †Kvivb‡K †Zvgvi fvlvq mnRZi K‡i
w`‡qwQ, hv‡Z Zzwg mZ¨ev`x‡`i mwVKfv‡e eywS‡q
w`‡Z cvi Ges Amr‡`i mveavb Ki‡Z cvi|
KvRv-wjKv--ZvÕK¡zjyb| [24: b~i-61;44: `yLvb58] A_©: Gfv‡eB Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Zvi
weavb¸wj wek` e¨vL¨v mnKv‡i wee„Z K‡ib, hv‡Z
†Zvgiv eyS‡Z cv‡iv|
A gvQvjyj−vRx-- BqvwK¡jyb [2:evKviv-171] A_©:
Kv‡di‡`i Dcgv Ggb †hgb †Kn PxrKvi, kã ev myi
Qvov Avi wKQyB †ev‡S bv; Zviv gyK ewai I AÜ|
myZivs Zviv eyS‡e bv|
gvQvjyj−vRxbv--Rv‡jgxb| [62: Rygyqv-5] A_©: hv‡`i
ZvIiv‡Zi `vwqZ¡fvi †`qv n‡qwQj; AZtci Dnv
eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i wb, Zv‡`i Dcgv cy¯—K enbKvix
Muvavi gZ! KZ wbK…ó †m RvwZ, hviv Avj−vni
AvqvZ‡K wg_¨v cÖwZcbœ K‡i| Avj−vn Rvwjg RvwZ‡K
mrc_ †`Lvb bv|
Av-dvjv--AvK¡dv-hynv| [47:gynv¤§`-24] A_©: ZeyI
wK Giv †Kvivb wb‡q wPš—v M‡elYv †gv‡UB Ki‡e bv?
bv Zv‡`i ü`‡q Zvjv gviv i‡q‡Q!!
jvK¡v`--ZvwK¡jyb| [21:Avw¤^qv- 10] A_©: Avwg
†Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ †KZve AeZxY© K‡iwQ, hv †Zvgv‡`i
Rb¨ Dc‡`‡k cwic~Y©| ZeyI wK †Zvgiv eyS‡Z †Póv
Ki‡e bv?
Bbœv mviiv--BqvwK¡jyb| [8:Avbdvj-22] A_©:
Avj−vni wbKU wbK…óZg Rxe †mB †h ewai I gyK
hviv wKQyB ey‡S bv|
AjvKv`--Mv‡djxb| [7:Avivd-179] A_©: Avwg †Zv

94

eû wRbœ I gvbe‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi Rb¨ m„wó K‡iwQ;
Zvnvw`‡Mi ü`q Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv Dcjwä K‡i bv;
Zv‡`i P¶z Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv †`‡L bv; Zv‡`i Kvb
Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv kªeY K‡i bv; Bnviv cïi b¨vq, eis
Bnv A‡c¶vI AwaK weåvš—| Zviv AZ¨š— Mvwdj|
11. ABqvAvjy--Bqv‡Kjyb| [10:BDbym-100] A_©: Ges
hviv eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv Avj−vn Zv‡`i Dci
bvcvKx/AveR©bv wb‡¶c K‡ib|
12. Aj−vwRbv-- LvwQi“b| [ 2: evKviv-121] A_©:
hv‡`i‡K ‡KZve w`‡qwQ Zv‡`i hviv h_vh_fv‡e Bnv
Ave„wË K‡i ZvivB Bnv‡Z wek¦vm K‡i, Avi hviv Bnv
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i Zviv ¶wZMÖ¯—|
kwiqZ Dwj−wLZ GKgvÎ 12bs AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K A_©
Dcjwã e¨wZ‡i‡K gvÎ myi-Zvj wVK †i‡L co‡j ev gyL¯—
Ki‡jB A¶i cÖwZ 10wU †Qvqv‡e wek¦vmx| g~jZt
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ 1 †_‡K 11 bs AvqvZ¸wji Av‡jv‡K Zv‡`i
nvw`m mgw_©Z wek¦vm¸wj åvš— I †Kvivb wei“× e‡jB cÖgvb
K‡i|
BwZnvm mv¶¨ †`q †h, nhiZ Imgvb (iv) ch©š— mß K¡vixi
mß msKj‡bi mß my‡ii †Kvivb cÖPwjZ wQj; Z…Zxq
Ljxdvi ci †_‡K AvR Aewa wØZ¡ K¡vixi wØZ¡ msKj‡b
wØZ¡ my‡ii †Kvivb ejer Av‡Q| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvwg
wek¦‡Kvl; †Kvivb Aa¨vq, c„: 336-338]| myZivs †Kvb&
D”PviY ev †Kvb& K¡vixi myiwU †Kb Ges wK‡mi Dci wfwË
K‡i h_vh_ e‡j wek¦vm Kiv hvq! ZvQvov we‡k¦i Rb msL¨v
hZ, cigvYy cwigvY n‡jI my‡ii †ni-‡di ZZ| GgZve¯—
vq kwiq‡Zi wek¦vmwUi cigvY~ cwigvbI MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv Av‡Q
e‡j g‡b nq bv|
g~jZt †Kviv‡b Avj−vn hv ej‡Qb ev eySv‡Z Pv‡”Qb, DnvB
wbi‡c¶ Áv‡b wePvi we‡k−l‡Y wVK wVK †hb ZvBB cvVK
ü`½g K‡ib; Ggb Zxeª Zx¶è m‡PZbZv Aej¤^b K‡i

†Kvivb eyS‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q; hv‡Z †Kvb cÖKv‡ii fyj-åvwš—
ev e¨wZµg bv nq| BnvB Ôh_vh_fv‡eÕ covi Zvrch©| myi
Zvj i¶vi Rb¨ †Kvivb bvwRj nqwb|
Avgv‡`i mb¥vwbZ Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY welqwU Dcjwä
Ki‡Z cvi‡j Bmjv‡gi e¨w³K I Avš—R©vwZK Ae¶q †iva
n‡q cybt cÖMwZi w`‡K avweZ nIqv Aev¯—e bq|
*
35 †Kvivb g~L¯— Kivi Rb¨ bq
c~‡e© I c‡i Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, †Kviv‡bi ûeû ev
c~Y© A_© †evSv Kv‡iv c‡¶ KLbI m¤¢e bq| KviY
†Kviv‡bi g~j A_© cÖK…wZ I Kv‡ji m‡½ IrcÖ‡Zvfv‡e
RwoZ| Kvj hZ Mov‡e weÁvb my‡Îi gZ Dnvi A_©I
ch©vqµ‡g weeZ©‡bi avivq gvby‡li ‡evaMg¨ n‡Z _vK‡e;
Bnv bZzb †Kvb Z_¨ bq eis BnvB weeZ©‡bi ag©| wkïwK‡kviMY Ôwe‡qÕ kãwU j¶¨ evi gyL¯— K‡i ü`‡q †Mu‡_
ivL‡jI ch©vqµ‡g wbw`©ó GKwU Kv‡j bv †cuŠQv ch©š— Dnvi
ev¯—ev_© †evaMg¨ ev Dcjwã nIqv wKQy‡ZB m¤¢eci bq,
eis Aev¯—e| gnvbex wb‡RI me A_© †evSvi Rb¨ AvcÖvY
†Póv Ges nvûZvm Ki‡Zb ; ZvB Avj−vn Zuv‡K kvš—bv w`‡q
e‡jb:
Ôjv Zznvi‡iKz wewn--evBqvbvû| [75:wKqvgv-1618] A_©: Bnv AvqË¡ Kivi Rb¨ †Zvgvi wRnŸ&v Nb Nb †b‡ov
bv| Dnv msi¶Y I Ave„wË Kiv‡bvi `vwqZ¡ AvgviB|
myZivs hLb Avwg cwo Zzwg †mB cv‡Vi AbymiY K‡iv|
Zvici Gi wek` e¨vL¨vi `vwqZ¡I Avgvi|
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm g‡Z ÔAwn gyL¯— ivLvi Rb¨B gnvbex Nb
Nb †VuvU bvo‡Zb ev AvcÖvY †Póv Ki‡Zb|Õ AZtci wZwb
e¨_© n‡Zb e‡jB‡Zv AwnwU bvwRj K‡i ivQyj‡K kvš—bv
w`‡q‡Qb e‡jB cÖgvY| myZivs c~Y© †Kvivb ivQy‡ji †h gyL¯—

95

wQj bv ev cÖ‡qvRbI wQj bv Zv Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU R¡jš—
cÖgvY| gyjZt ivQyj Awn gyL¯— K‡i cÖPwjZ nv‡dR nIqvi
Rb¨ Nb Nb †VuvU bvo‡Zb bv, KviY Awn Avmvi m‡½
m‡½B‡Zv 4/5 R‡bB wjL‡Zb; myZivs Zuvi fy‡j hvIqvi
KviY ev hyw³ †Kv_vq! kwiq‡Zi wek¦v‡m wZwb hLb gyL¯—B
ivL‡Z cvi‡Zb bv ev cv‡ib wb hv j¶ j¶ nv‡dRMY
gyL¯— K‡i‡Qb e‡j `vex K‡ib GgbwK mb` cÎI Av‡Q!
ZLb AmvaviY Ges KwVbZi welq †Kviv‡bi c~Y© A_©
†evSv wK K‡i aviYv Kiv hvq! AZGe gnvbex Awn gyL¯’
Kivi Rb¨ bq eis A_© †evSvi Rb¨B AvcÖvY †Póv
Ki‡Zb, hv †Kvb cÖKv‡iB m¤¢e wQj bv e‡jB Avj−vn
cÖ‡qvRb gZ gnvbex‡K eywS‡q †`qvi Avk¦vm w`‡q‡Qb|
Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi †Rv‡i P¨v‡jÄ w`‡q †NvlYv Kiv hvq †h,
we‡k¦i cÖPwjZ RxweZ ev g„Z †Kvb nv‡d‡RiB ûeû c~Y©
†Kvivb ci¤úivq gyL¯— Ki‡jI gyL¯— _v‡K bv ev wQj bv
Ges AvRI †bB| GBgvÎ wb‡Ri †jLv KweZv, Mí ev
mvgvb¨ wPwVi `vwo-Kgvmn †KBev gyL¯— ej‡Z cv‡i! gvÎ
GKwU Qyiv evKviv †h †KD gyL¯— K‡i mßvnLv‡bK ci
†Kviv‡bi †gv‡RRv cix¶v K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡ib †h, ûeû
gyL¯— Kiv QyivwU gyL¯— Av‡Q wKbv! gymwjg we‡k¦i ag©cÖvY,
AvMÖnkxj Ges mswk−ó Kg©KZ©v‡`i AvnŸvb RvbvB Avš—
R©vwZKfv‡e m¤¢eci bv n‡jI evsjv‡`‡ki Aš—Z `kRb
nv‡dR‡`i ûeû †Kvivb gyL¯— Av‡Q wKbv! Zv cÖKv‡k¨
Mfxi mZK©Zvi mv‡_ GiKg GKwU HwZnvwmK cix¶vi
e¨e¯’v Kiv †nvK|
nv‡dRMY ch©vqµ‡g c„ôvi ci c„ôv, Aa¨v‡qi ci Aa¨vq
ev Qyivi ci Qyiv `xN© Kvj a‡i gyL¯— Ki‡Z _v‡Kb Ges
Ask Ask K‡i cix¶v †`b; Gfv‡e gyL¯— K‡iB Zviv
nv‡dR mb`& cÖvß nb| gv`ªvmv KZ…©c¶ c~Y© †Kvivb gyL‡¯—i
mivmwi Ges cÖKv‡k¨ avivevwnK dvBbvj cix¶v †bb bv|
Avi hZUzKz †bb Zv cÖnmb, m‡›`n I c¶cvwZ‡Z¡i D‡×©

_v‡K bv, †h‡nZz ZvivI †ckv`vix wk¶v MÖnY K‡i
†ckv`vix wk¶K n‡q‡Qb| Ggb cix¶vq GKRb nv‡dR
kZfvM K…ZKvh© n‡eb wKbv ¸i“Zi m‡›`n Av‡Q; Z‡e
Ôe¨wZµgÕ kãwUi Avjv`v ˆewkó¨ _vK‡jI gvÎ gyL¯—
Kvix‡K Ôcy¯—K enbKvix Mvavi Zzj¨ eis Zvi †P‡qI RNb¨
e‡j †Kviv‡b †Nvlbv K‡i| [`ª: Rygyqv-5]
1985/86 mv‡ji †QvÆ GKwU BwZnvm GLv‡bB D‡j−L
Ki‡Z nq| R‰bK e¨w³ Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwUi Awd‡m
G‡m Aby‡hvM K‡ib †h, GjvKvi R‰bK nv‡dR mv‡ne‡K
†Kvivb LZg covevi Rb¨ fvov K‡ib| Pzw³gZ h_v mgq
†ZjvIqvZ ïi“ K‡ib; wKš‘ Zvi fvM¨wU †Zgb mycÖmbœ wQj
bv| KviY f`ª †jvKwUi ¯¿xI †Kviv‡b cÖPwjZ nv‡dR
wQ‡jb| wZwb j¶¨ Ki‡jb nv‡dR mv‡ne c‡` c‡` fyj
Ges AvqvZ ev` w`‡q †ZjvIqvr Ki‡Qb, Zv‡ZI f`ª
gwnjv wKQy e‡jb wb KviY wb‡Ri nv‡dRx m¤^‡Ü wb‡RiB
`ye©jZv wQj| wKš‘ `Õyw`b c‡i †`L‡Z †c‡jb †h, Av¯—
Qyiv¸wj ev` w`‡q c‡o hv‡”Qb| AZtci ¯^vgx‡K NUbv
eY©bv Ki‡j wZwb nv‡dR mv‡ne‡K †W‡K KviY `wk©‡q
LZg cov eÜ K‡i Pzw³i AvswkK gRyix w`‡q we`vq
K‡ib| AZtci nv‡dR mv‡ne wKQy Dk„sLj hyeK I Av‡jg
mgvR R‡ov K‡i Zvi evwo‡Z PovI nq| gvwjK NUbvwU
Zv‡`i Ly‡j ej‡j nv‡dR mv‡ne A¯^xKvi K‡ib Ges
ÔAv‡jg mgv‡Ri Acgvb Kiv n‡q‡Q; †h nv‡d‡Ri gyL
†`L‡j QwMiv ¸Yv gvd nq
†mB nv‡d‡Ri i“wRi Dci jvw_ gviv n‡q‡QÕ BZ¨vw` cvëv
Awf‡hv‡M gvwjK‡K †n¯— b¨¯— K‡i ‡kl ch©š— Amgvß
LZ‡gi c~Y© gRyix Av`vq K‡i †bb Ges Av‡jg‡`i m‡½
Abyiƒc e¨envi Ki‡j wbN©vZ ÔRvnvbœvgÕ d‡Zvqv w`‡q
we`vq nb|
*

96

36 †Kvivb Ávbx‡`i Rb¨
1. AwZév--BqvÕjvgyb|
[2:evKviv219,230,242,266] A_©: Dnv Avj−vni evYx--Ávbx
RvwZi Rb¨B we¯—vwiZfv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡iwQ|
2. K¡v`
evBqvbv--ZvÕwKjyb|
[3:Bgivb-118;
7:Avivd-32] A_©: Ávbx‡`i Rb¨B Avgvi AvqvZ¸wj
wek` e¨vL¨vmn ewY©Z n‡jv|
3. Avdvjv ZvqvwK¡jyb| [7:Avivd-169; 10:BDbym16, 42, 43] A_©: †Zvgiv wK †gv‡UB Ávb LvUv‡e
bv?
4. K¡v` dv”Qvj bv--Bqvjvgyb| [6:AvbAvg-97, 98,
105] A_©: Ávbx‡`i Rb¨B Avgvi AvqvZmgyn c~Y©
e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv K‡iwQ|
5. A nvRv--BqRv°viƒb| [6:AvbAvg-126] A_©: GB
†Zv n‡”Q Avcbvi cvjY KZ©vi mnR mij c_; hviv
Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i Zv‡`i Rb¨ AvqvZmg~n c~Y©
e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv Kwi|
6. A bydvw”Qjyj--Bqvjvgyb| [9:ZIev-11] A_©:
Ávbx‡`i Rb¨B Avgvi AvqvZ¸wj wek` e¨vL¨vmn
eY©bv K‡iwQ|
Abyiƒc AmsL¨ AvqvZ †Kviv‡b weØgvb; myZivs co‡j,
ïb‡j
ev gyL¯’ K‡i nv‡dR-K¡vix n‡q †Qvqve AR©‡bi †KvbB
my‡hvM-myweav †bB eis cv‡ci ûgwK Av‡Q|
*
37 †Kvivb bv †evSvi KviY
cÖ_g I cÖavb KviY
Aviex fvlv bv RvbvB cÖavb KviY| Z‡e Aviex ev`kvMY
Zv‡`i ev`kvnx i¶vq iwPZ kwiq‡Zi bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾

I RvKvZB h‡_ó e‡j g‡b K‡ib| Gi evwn‡i †Kvivb
M‡elYvq Zv‡`i wZj cwigvYI AvMÖn †bB, B”QvI †bB,
†bB cÖ‡qvRbI| KviY Zv‡Z ev`kvnx nvivevi fq Av‡Q
e‡jB co‡j, gyL¯— Ki‡jB †Qvqve BZ¨vw` Ac-cÖPvi
cÖwZóv K‡i Avivg wcÖq myweavev`x gvby‡li wek¦vm AR©b
Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q|
wØZxq cÖavb KviY
fvlvi gva¨‡g fve cÖKv‡ki cÖavbZ 3wU c_: M`¨, c`¨
I Mvb| M`¨: K_v, evYx ev e³…Zv| c`¨: c‡` c‡` wgj
†i‡L hv ewY©Z nq| Mvb: myi ev jnixi gva¨‡g †h fve
cÖKvk Kiv nq| A_©vr GKB welq g‡bi fve K_vi gva¨‡g
cÖKvk‡K M`¨, Q‡›`i gva¨‡g cÖKvk‡K c`¨ I my‡ii gva¨‡g
cÖKvk‡K Mvb e‡j|
GKwU gvby‡li 3wU †`n h_v: ¯’zj, my² I †R¨vwZ ev b~i
†`n| cÖavbZ M`¨ ¯’zj †`‡ni, c`¨ my² †`‡ni, Ges Mvb
†R¨vwZ †`‡ni fvlv [e¨wZµg Av‡Q e‡U!]| †R¨wZ ev b~i
†`nB Avj−vn| Avj−vû b~i“”QvgvIqvwZ Aj AvØ© A_©: Avj−vn
`„k¨-A`„‡k¨i †R¨vwZ ev b~i| GB b~i †`‡ni fvlvB Mvb|
Mv‡bi fvlv‡ZB Avj−vn K_v e‡jb e‡jB AZx‡Zi mKj
Hkx MÖš’¸wj myi-Q›` ev Mv‡bi gva¨‡g bvwRj n‡q‡Q; GB
†Kvivb I ZvB| Gi †Kvb& ev‡K¨ KZUzKz myi w`‡Z n‡e,
†mB ¯^i Ges myiwjwcmn †Kvivb bvwRj Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB
my‡ii ZviZg¨ K‡i †ZjvIqvZ Ki‡j kwiqZ Aï×
†ZjvIqvZ e‡j MY¨ K‡i| c¶vš—‡i, GB myi Z_v Mvb‡KB
nvivg †NvlYv Kiv n‡q‡Q! c¶vš—‡i GB myi Qvov Av‡jgMY
IqvR-bwQnZI Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv ; †hLv‡b myi G‡Kev‡iB
Aevš—i, A_©nxb e‡U!
Gm¤^‡Ü KLbI †Kvb cÖkœ DÌvwcZ n‡j Avj−vgvMY Zvi
m½Z Reve w`‡Z cÖ¯‘Z Av‡Qb wK bv m‡›`n| e¯‘Ztc‡¶
k−xj-Ak−xj, Kj¨vY-AKj¨vYKi Z_v mZ¨-wg_¨v: K_v,
KweZv, Mvb, Bw½Z-Bkviv, IqvR, fvlY BZ¨vw`

97

mgfv‡eB nvivg ev nvjvj| G‡Z wZj cwigvYI cv_©K¨
_vKvi m½Z †Kvb KviY ‡bB| c¶vš—‡i GB myi ev Mvb
wb‡q mgv‡Ri AwaKvsk Av‡jg Avj−vgvMY Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB SMov dvQv`, gvivgvwi, LybvLybx K‡i Avm‡Qb|
gvbyl ag©-Kg© Z_v mvab-fRb K‡i hLb wb‡Ri b~i
†`‡ni mÜvb cvq; ZLbB Avj−vni fvlvi †cÖiYv cvq,
eyS‡Z cv‡i; AZtci GB ¯’zj †`‡ni gva¨‡gB ¯^-¯^
gvZ…fvlvq cÖKvk cvq Ges BnvB Awn| f³ I
mrKg©kxjMYB GB b~i †`‡ni mÜvb cvq e‡jB †Kviv‡b
Zv‡`i‡K m„wói †kªô A_©vr bex-ivQyj mgv‡Ri †jvK e‡j
†NvlYv K‡i, Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby A AvwgjyQ QwjnvwZ DjvBKv ûg LvBi“j evwiqvZ| [98: evB‡qbv-7] A_©: f³ I
mr cwikªgxMYB m„wói †kªô| GB b~i †`n cÖvß †jvK Qvov
[GivB Ávbx, Av‡jg; mgvR I ivóª cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡
G‡`iB] Avj−vni Mv‡bi A_©vr †Kviv‡bi Abyev` m¤ú~Y©
Aev¯—e I Am¤¢e| Z‡e †Kviv‡bi Ô†gvnKvgvZÕ A_©vr
Av‡`k wb‡la Aa¨vqUzKz mwVK Abyev` Ki‡Z cv‡ib e‡U!
wKš‘ Ô†gvZvmv‡envZÕ A_©vr ب_©†evaK, iƒcK ev `k©b
Aa¨v‡qi mwVK Abyev` Kiv m¤¢e bq| KweZv-Mv‡bi
mwVK Abyev` Kiv `vk©wbK, fveev`x Qvov LyeB KwVb|
†Kviv‡bi Abyev` Ggb Ávbx Øviv Abyw`Z nq wb; fvlvwe`
ev wkw¶Z‡`i Øviv Abyw`Z n‡q‡Q| hv‡`i Ávb eyw× cÖvß
wk¶v I Awfav‡bi k„sL‡j e›`x| †Kviv‡bi KvMR-Kvwj,
A¶i, fvlv-evK¨ ev AvwfavwbK A_©B †Kvivb bq,
†Kviv‡bi gg©v_© DcjwãB †Kvivb|
ag©-Kg©, mvab-fRb I KwVb M‡elYv K‡i hviv gvbe
Kj¨v‡Yi ¯’vqx c_ I gZ& Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z m¶g nb, ZvivB
cÖK…Z Av‡jg, Avj−vgv ev Ávbx-weÁvbx; GB Ávbx‡`i
Avwe®‹…Z welq wk¶v jvf K‡i hviv K…ZKvh© nb ZvivB
wkw¶Z| wk¶v e¯‘Ztc‡¶ Áv‡bi c_ cÖk¯— K‡i ; wKš‘
ej‡Z wØav †bB †h, we‡k¦i AwaKvsk ÁvbxMYB Awkw¶Z

wQ‡jb; c¶vš—‡i, AwaKvsk wkw¶ZMYB cÖvß wk¶vi
k„sL‡j Ave× †_‡K Ávbx n‡Z e¨_© n‡”Qb| wkw¶Z
†jv‡Ki Abyev‡`i GKwU AwZ mvaviY Ges mnR-mij
Dcgv wb‡æ j¶¨Yxq: wek¦ Kwe, Ávbx [Av‡jg] iex›`ªbv‡_i
Mvb: ÒMM‡b Mi‡R †gN, Nb eilv/ K‚‡j GKv e‡m AvwQ,
bvwn fimv|Ó
AvwfavwbK A_©: MM‡b=AvKv‡k; Mi‡R=kã K‡i;
†gN=AvKv‡ki †gNgvjv; Nb eilv=Zzgyj e„wó;
K‚‡j=wKbv‡i ev cv‡i; GKv=GKvKx; e‡m AvwQ=e‡m
i‡qwQ; bvwn= bvB; fimv=Dcvq| mijv_©: ÒAvKv‡k
†g‡Ni MR©b I Zzgyj e„wói g‡a¨ Kwe GKv wbi“cvq n‡q
wKbv‡i e‡m i‡q‡Qb|Ó
Dwj−wLZ mijv‡_© AnsKvix, wnsmyK fvlvwe`MY jvBb
`yÕwUi wei“‡× mn‡RB AmsL¨ cÖkœ DÌvcb Ki‡Z cv‡ib;
GgbwK Kwe‡K wb‡e©va, Avn¤§K e‡jI cÖgvb Ki‡Z cv‡ib
Ges mg_©bI Av`vq Ki‡Z cv‡ib| c¶vš—‡i AÜ f³MY
Ggb GKwU AvenvIqv I cwi‡ek †c‡jB ivZ †R‡M †R‡M
b`x-bvjv, Lvj-cyKzi ev gv‡Vi wKbv‡i e‡m e„wó‡Z wf‡R
wf‡R gnv Kwei KvíwbK mybœZ AbymiY K‡i Zvi my`„wó
AvKk©‡Yi †Póv Ki‡eb| g~jZt Kwe †h Áv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z,
†h †cÖiYvq evYx¸wj Avß n‡qwQ‡jb, AweKj Abyiƒc
Av‡jvKcÖvß ev †cÖiYvcÖvß e¨w³B †Kej cv‡ib Zvi mwVK
gg©vbyev` Ki‡Z| Ggb †Kvb Av‡jg-†evRM© ev `vk©wbK
Øviv †Kvivb Abyw`Z nq wb e‡j †Kvivb bv †evSvi Avi
GKwU cÖ_vb KviY|
we‡k¦i AmsL¨ fvlvq †Kviv‡bi Abyev` n‡q‡Q mZ¨
wKš‘ Zv AvwfavwbK,ev mij Abyev` Kiv n‡q‡Q| AvR
ch©š— †KnB fvevbyev` ev gg©vbyev` Ki‡Z m¶g nq wb ev
mvnmI cvbwb| hviv †Póv K‡i‡Qb Zviv ag©vÜ KZ…©K
me©Kv‡jB wbM„nxZ n‡q‡Qb, Kv‡di d‡Zvqv †c‡q‡Qb, LyY
n‡q‡Qb Ges AvRI n‡”Qb|

98

Z…Zxq cÖavb KviY
†Kvivb Z_v mKj Hkx MÖš’B Ggb MÖš’, hv mvwn‡Z¨i
mvwnZ¨, `k©‡bi `k©b, we‡k¦i mgyn MÖš’vw`i MÖš’; Dnv‡Z
AZxZ, eZ©gvb I fwel¨Z; `„k¨-A`„k¨, †Mvcb-cÖKvk,
Rxeb-giY-Rxeb, i“p RMZ, Ggb wKQy †bB hv †Kviv‡b
†bB|
1. K¡z j−vD--gv`v`v| [18: Kvnd-109; 31:†jvKgvb27] A_©: ej! Avgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki evYx wjwce× Kivi
Rb¨ mgy`ª hw` Kvwj nq, Z‡e Avgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki K_v
†kl nevi c~‡e©B mgy`ª wbt‡kl n‡q hv‡e AZtci Dnvi
Abyiƒc AviI mgy`ª Avb‡jI †kl n‡q hv‡e wKš‘
Avj−vni evYx †kl n‡e bv|
2. A B›`vû gvdv-wZûj--Bj−v-wd wKZv-we¤§yexb|
[AvbAvg-59] A_©: Avi Zvi wbKU ¸ß Z‡Ë¡i Pvwe-Ggb wK gvwUi wb‡P Ges Nb AÜKv‡i UvUKv ev cPv
(ﮋ) GKwU gvÎ AYy ev m„ó †Kvb welq †bB, hv AÎ
wKZv‡e D‡j−L Kiv nq wb|
3. Agv BqvÕhyey --wd wKZv-we¤§yweb| [10:BDbym- 61]
A_©: `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i AYy cwigvYI †Zvgvi i‡ei
A‡MvP‡i b‡n| Avi Dnv A‡c¶vI ¶z`ª wKsev e„nr
mewKQyB GB wKZv‡e wjwLZ Av‡Q|
Ggb evYxi e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY I M‡elYv Avw`Kvj †_‡KB
KwZcq BgvgMY ev¯—e hyw³ cÖgvY weewR©Z nvw`m, †dKnv,
d‡Zvqv BZ¨vw` Dcag© MÖš’ ev Dcwbk` wj‡L †Kvivb‡K
mg~‡j †X‡K †d‡j‡Q|
kwiqZ Avj−vni m‡½ P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o w`‡q wek¦gq †Nvlbv
Ki‡Q ‡h, †Kviv‡b A‡bK A‡bK wKQyB †bB! myZivs H
NvUwZ c~i‡Yi Rb¨ Avj−vni ‡Kviv‡bi 6236wU Avqv‡Zi
Dci 7225wU nvw`m, Avevi H nvw`‡mi Dc‡i cÖvq
10/15 nvRvi d‡Zvqv iwPZ n‡q‡Q|
Bmjvg ej‡Z Dnvi evB‡i †KD wKQy Kíbv Ki‡Z
cv‡i bv, Ki‡Z mvnmI cvq bv| Avi AMZ¨v †KD hw`

wKQy K‡iB _v‡Kb Z‡e m‡½ m‡½ Zv‡K Kv‡di, †gviZv`
BZ¨vw` d‡Zvqv Rvix K‡i mgvR †_‡K weZvwoZ K‡ib|
c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, GKwU KIg ev RvwZ‡K asm
Kivi GKgvÎ cš’v, Zv‡`i Hkx msweavb Q‡j, e‡j, Kjv†KŠk‡j, A_©vr †h †Kvbfv‡eB †nvK Zv fywj‡q †`qv| GB
GKB Amª AZxZ eZ©gvb mKj RvwZi †¶‡ÎB mgfv‡e
e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q|
cyivKv‡j †e` cov ev ¯úl© Kiv †Zv `~‡ii K_v! hw`
cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q †h, AgyK ï`ª cweÎ †e‡`i evYx ï‡b
†d‡j‡Q, Avi Agwb cy‡ivwnZ, VvKzi I eªvþY bvgavix
ZrKvjxb bv‡q‡e AeZviMY wcZj Mwj‡q ï‡`ªi Kv‡b
†X‡j w`‡q Zv‡`i Dcwbl‡`i [nvw`‡mi] cvqiex K‡i cyY¨
nvwmj Ki‡Zb| H GKB myÎ weewZ©Z n‡q AvR Giƒc
`vuwo‡q‡Q ‡h,: Ò†Kvivb co‡j †Qvqve, ïb‡j †Qvqve,
cÖwZ A¶i D”PviY Ki‡jB †Qvqve! AvKvi-AvK…wZ‡Z
ivQy‡ji bKj mvR‡jB †Qvqve BZ¨vw`| AZtci †e‡n¯—
evmx; Rvbv ev †evSvi `iKvi †bB|Ó
PZz_© cÖavb KviY :
1. †Kviv‡bi Abyev‡` ¸i“Z¡c~Y© AmsL¨ Aviex k‡ãi
e½vbyev` bv K‡i ûeû Aviex A_ev D`©y wnw›` I
cvikx k‡ãi e¨env‡ii Kvi‡Y mvavi‡Yi c‡¶
†Kvivb †evSv KwVb n‡q c‡o‡Q; Bs‡iwR, DÏ©y,
cvikx Abyev‡`I Abyiƒc e‡U|
2. AwaKvsk Abyev`KMY †cvlv I †ckv`vix wQ‡jb Ges
mKj fvlvi Abyev`KMYB GKB D‡Ï‡k¨ G‡K A‡b¨i
Abyev` bKj K‡i‡Qb! c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h,
fveev`x Áv‡b gg©v_© Dcjwã K‡i ¯^vaxbfv‡e Abyev`
Ki‡Z †KDB mvnmx nb wb ; GgbwK kª‡×q wMwik P›`ª
I wcK_j mv‡neI bb| ZvivI fvlv cwÛ‡Zi
AwaKv‡i Ges miKvix ‡e-miKvix c„ó‡cvlKZvq
Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Ges †gŠjev‡`i fq-mskqI wQj

99

cÖPzi|
3. Avj−vni †KZv‡ei cÖ‡Z¨KwU c„ôvi dzU‡bv‡U, Dc‡iwb‡P, Wv‡b-ev‡q GgbwK Abyev‡`i †hLv‡b- †mLv‡b
AmsL¨ gvby‡li gZvgZ wj‡L cvVK‡`i ¯^vaxb wPš—
vkw³ e›`x K‡i †i‡L‡Q| GmKj dzU‡bvU ev †h‡Kvb
†jLv †Kviv‡bi g‡a¨B cvq e‡j mvaviY cvVKMY
mKj †jLvB †Kviv‡bi K_v ev Aåvš— wek¦vm K‡i
weåvš— nb|
4. ZrKvjxY ‡Kvivb msKjb †evW© A‰bwZK-ivR‰bwZK
cÖfve gy³ _vK‡Z cv‡ibwb|
5. c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, †Kvivb `yÕfv‡M wef³;
Av‡`k-wb‡lamyPK I iƒcK| kwiq‡Zi aviYv ‡h,
MÖš’Lvwbi wKQy Ask wb‡`©kmyPK Ges evwK Ask iƒcK|
aviYvwU mZ¨ e‡U! wKš‘ Zvi †P‡qI KwVY mZ¨ †h,
†Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU AvqvZ GgbwK k‡ãi GKwU
ب_©‡evaK I Avi GKwU iƒcK A_© Av‡Q; A_©vr m¤ú~Y©
†KvivbLvwbB GKw`‡K †hgb Av‡`k-wb‡`©k myPK
Avevi Ab¨ w`‡K iƒcKI| Abyev`KMY Zv‡`i
Abyev‡` Df‡qi RMvwLPzox K‡i †d‡j‡Qb; d‡j
mvavi‡Yi gg©v_© eyS‡Z Kó nq Ges m‡›`nI nq|
cwiYv‡g mgv‡Ri PZzi-ayi›`i fvlvwe`, Dk„sLj I
Akvwš— m„wóKvix ¯^ †NvlxZ bvw¯—KMY GB my‡hv‡Mi
mبenvi K‡ib, †hgb:
ÔAvj−vn 6 w`‡b c„w_ex I AvKvk m„wó K‡i‡Qb,7g
w`b Aemi wb‡q‡Qb,Õ c„w_ex‡K P¨vcUv weQvbvi gZ
m„wó K‡i‡Qb,Õ m~h© K`©gv³ R‡ji g‡a¨ Wy‡e hvq,cybt
D`q nIqvi AbygwZi Rb¨ Avj−vni Avi‡k †mR`vq
jywU‡q hvq,Õ Dév-b¶Îvw` Avj−vni wb‡`©‡k `yó
wR‡bi wcQ‡b avIqv K‡i,Õ wewe nIqv‡K Av`‡g
cvuRi †_‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb,Õ ‡gvnv¤§` ¯^-kwi‡i
†gÕiv‡R wM‡q‡Qb,Õ Ôwebv ev‡c CQvi Rb¥ n‡q‡QÕ

BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| ejvevûj¨ †h, †Kvivb eyS‡Z
me‡P‡q †ekx cÖwZeÜKZvi m„wó K‡i‡Q cÖPwjZ
nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw` `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’mg~n Ges me‡P‡q
†ekx jvfevb n‡q‡Q ¯^ `wjq bvw¯—K I †Kvivb
wei“×ev`xMY|
AZtci P‚ovš— KviY:
1| Bbœvj−vRxbv--Bqvdqvjyb| [6: AvbAvg-159] A_©:
ag©v-a‡g© hviv wfbœ wfbœ g‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q Ges `j
Dc-`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i Dci Avcbvi
[ivQy‡ji] †Kvb `vwqZ¡ †bB| Zv‡`i KvR Kg© Avj−vni
Dc‡i †Q‡o w`b| wZwbB Bnv‡`i ˆKwdqZ Zje
Ki‡eb|
A_©vr kxqv, mybœx, nvbvdx, kv‡dC, Invex, Avng`xqv
BZ¨vw` Ges Ab¨vb¨ RvwZi Abyiƒc `j Dc-`‡ji Dci
ivQyj‡`i †KvbB `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ †bB| Zviv ivQyj‡`i
kvdvqvr ewnf©~Z| AZGe †Kvivb, BwÄj, ZvIivr, †e`,
MxZv, wÎwcUK [g~j Hkx MÖš’] Zv‡`i Rb¨ bq| G¸wj
†evSvi mgq my‡hvMI Zv‡`i †bB; Zv‡`i gvgjv mywcÖg
†Kv‡U© iv‡qi A‡c¶vq gvÎ|
2. Agvb AvRjvgv--GRvb Avev`vb| [18: Kvnd-57]
A_©: †Kvb e¨w³‡K Avj−vni evYx ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`qvi
c‡iI †m hw` Dnv A¯^xKvi K‡i Ges Zvi K…ZKg©
fz‡j hvq, Z‡e Zvi A‡c¶v Rvwjg Avi †K! Avwg
Dnv‡`i ü`‡qi Dci XvK&bv w`‡qwQ, †hb Dnviv
†Kvivb eyS‡Z bv cv‡i Ges Dnv‡`i Kv‡b wmj& K‡i
w`‡qwQ| AZtci Zzwg Dnv‡`i eySv‡jI eyS‡e bv|
3. AjvK¡v`--M¦v-wdjyb| [7:Avivd-179] A_©: Avwg‡Zv
eû wR¡b I gvbyl‡K †`vh‡Li Rb¨B m„wó K‡iwQ|
Zv‡`i ü`q Av‡Q ZeyI †ev‡S bv; Zv‡`i P¶z Av‡Q
A_P †`‡L bv; Zv‡`i Kvb Av‡Q A_P †kv‡b bv|
Bnviv cïi b¨vq, eis Dnv A‡c¶vI AwaK weåvš—,

100

Giv Mvwdj|
4. Aqv gvQvjyj−vRxbv--jv BqvwK¡Õjyb| [2:evKviv171] A_©: Ges H mKj †jvK¸wjB Kv‡di, hviv kã
I PxrKvi Qvov Avi wKQyB †ev‡S bv| Zviv gyK, ewai
I AÜ ; Zviv KLbI eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv| [ARvbv
fvlvq †Kn e³…Zv ev IqvR bwQnZ Ki‡j Avgiv
†hgb Dnvi kã, myi ev AvIqvR Qvov Avi wKQyB
eyS‡Z cvwi bv|]
5. A hv Avjbv--bydzivb| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-46] A_©:
Avwg Dnvw`‡Mi ü`‡q cÖ‡jc w`‡qwQ †hb Dnviv eyS‡Z
bv cv‡i Ges Dnv‡`i ewai K‡iwQ| †Zvgv‡`i
cÖwZcvjK GKK; Bnv hLb Zzwg †Kvivb †_‡KB eY©bv
Ki ZLb Dnv AMÖvn¨ K‡i m‡i c‡o|
38 ‡Kvivb byZb wKQy bq
1. A AvbRvj bv-- nv°v| [5: gv‡q`v-48] A_©: †Zvgvi
cÖwZ mwVK †KZve AeZxY© K‡iwQ; Bnvi c~‡e© AeZxY©
wKZv‡ei mgv_©K I msi¶Kiƒ‡c--|
2. gv BDKvjv-- Avjxg| [41: nv-wgg-mvR`v-43] A_©:
†Zvgvi wbKU †Zv ZvB ejv n‡q‡Q, hv ejv n‡Zv
c~e©eZ©x ivQyjMY‡K| †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK ¶gvkxj I
KwVb kvw¯— `vZv|
3. wgj−vZv AvweK¡zg-- wgb Kvejy| [22:nv¾-78] A_©:
Bnv †Zvgv‡`i wcZv Beªvnx‡gi ag©| wZwbB †Zvgv‡`i
bvg †i‡L‡Qb Ô†gvm‡jgÕ [Av`k©, f³, f`ª,
webxZ,kvwš—ev`x] Ges GB †KZv‡eI|
4. bv¾vjv-- BwÄjv [3: Bgivb-3] A_©: wZwb mZ¨mbvZb wKZve †Zvgvi cÖwZ AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb, hv c~‡e©i
ZIivZ I
Bwćji mgv_©K (mg A_©‡evaK)|
5. Ajv¤§v Rvqvûg-- Kv‡dixb| [2:evKviv-89] A_©:
Zv‡`i wbKU hv Av‡Q ZviB mgv_©K [mg-A_©†evaK]

†KZve Avj−vni wbKU †_‡K Avmj|-- Zviv hv
Rvb‡Zv DnvB hLb Zv‡`i wbKU cybt Avm‡jv A_P
Zviv Dnv cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kij|
6. K¡yj! gvb Kvbv-- jxj Kv‡dixb| [2:evKviv-97]
A_©: -- hv Dnvi AZxZ †KZv‡ei mgv_©K--|
7. Ajv¤§v-- Bqvjvgyb| [2:evKviv-101] A_©: hLb
Avj−vni c¶ n‡Z Zv‡`i wbKU ivQyj Avmj †h
Zv‡`i wbKU hv Av‡Q DnviB mg_©K iƒ‡c--|
8. K¡yjy-- gym‡jgyb| [2:evKviv-136] A_©:---Bnv
ZvBB hv Beªvnxg †_‡K Cmv I Ab¨vb¨ bexMY‡K hv
†`Iqv n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb iKg cv_©K¨ Kwi bv;
KviY Avgiv Zuvi f³ [AvZ¥mgc©YKvix]|
9. A gv Kvbv-- Avjvgxb| [10:BDbym-37] A_©: nu¨v!
Gi c~‡e© †h me †KZve G‡m‡Q †m¸wji mZ¨Zv
m¤^‡Ü mv¶¨ †`q| Avi G wKZve n‡”Q †mB me
†KZv‡eiB we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨v gvÎ--|
10. jvK¡v` Kvbv-- BD‡gbyb| [12:BDmyd-111] A_©:-g~jZt Gi c~‡e© hv bvwRj n‡q‡Q Dnv‡`iB mZ¨Zv
m¤^‡Ü mv¶¨ †`q Ges hv cÖ‡Z¨KwU wel‡qi we¯—vwiZ
e¨vL¨v--|
11. Aj−vRx-- evwQi“b| [35:dvwZi-31] A_©: --c~e©ewZ©
wKZv‡ei mg_©K wnmv‡e GB A‡gvN evbx AeZxY©
K‡iwQ|
12. dvËvweD -- gyk‡iwKb| [3:Ggivb-95] A_©:-myZivs †Zvgiv Beªvnx‡gi ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki--|
13. AËvevZz-- qvmKzi“b| [12:BDmyd-38] A_©: Avwg
Avgvi wcZ…cyi“l Beªvnxg,BmnvK I BqvKz‡ei ag©
AbymiY Kwi--|
14. Qy¤§v -- gyk‡iwKb| [16:bvnj-123] A_©: Avwg
†Zvgvi cÖwZ cÖZ¨v‡`k Kijvg, Zzwg Beªvwn‡gi ag©v`k©
AbymiY Ki--|
15. gv BqvwZwng-- qvjqveyb| [21:Avw¤^qv-2] There
comes not to them a new reminder from their
Lord but they hear it while they sport.[Abdullah
Yusuf Ali & M. H. Shakir] A_©: Zv‡`i Kv‡Q

101

cvjbKZ©vi Zid †_‡K †Kvb bZzb Dc‡`k †Zv Avi
Av‡mwb! Zviv Zv †kv‡bI wKš‘ Zvw”Qj¨mnKv‡i|
[AwaKvsk e½vbyev‡` AvqvZwUi wecixZ I f~j Abyev`
Kiv
n‡q‡Q, †hgb: ÔhLbB-- †Kvb b~Zb Dc‡`k Av‡m, Dnviv
Dnv kªeY K‡i Zvw”Qj−vmnKv‡i|ÕBmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb|]
Kvib e¨eüZ ÔgvÕ A_© Ôbv,Õ Z`ycwi Dwj−wLZ evKx
AvqvZ¸wji m¤ú~Y© wecixZ|
*
39 †Kvivb mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i mgvnvi
: cÖKvk _v‡K †h, we‡k¦ wn›`y ag© ej‡Z †Kvb ag© †bB| wn›`y
ej‡Z ¯’vb I fvlvMZ RvwZ eySvq, ag©MZ bq|
HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z wn›`yKzk,wngvjq ce©‡Zi cv`‡`‡k,
wmu›`y b‡`i AeevwnKvq I wnw›` fvlvfvlx‡`i mvaviYZt
wn›`, wnw›`, wmu›`y BZ¨vw` †_‡K wn›`y ejv nq| G mKj
GjvKvq †gvm‡jg, †eŠ×, Bûw`, wLª÷vb ev wkL †h †Kvb
RvwZB evm Ki“K Zv‡`i‡KB mvaviYZt wn›`y ejv n‡Zv|
cÖvPxb BwZnvm, f‚‡Mv‡ji `„wó‡KvY †_‡K cvKfviZ
Dcgnv‡`‡ki mK‡jB Avgiv wn›`y|
cÖPwjZ wn›`y a‡g©i g~j bvg mbvZb ag© A_©vr mZ¨ ag©
Gi g~j evYx ÔJuÕ A_©vr Ôkvwš—Õ GwUB Aviex‡Z ÔBmjvgÕ;
†e`-MxZvi Abymvwi‡`i Avh© RvwZ ev f`ª,bgª ev Av`k©
RvwZ ejv n‡Zv, Aviex‡Z hv‡K Ô†gvm‡jgÕ ejv nq|
g~jZt mgv‡R cÖPwjZ †gvmjgvb ag©, wLª÷vb ag© Bûw`
ag© BZ¨vw` ag© ej‡Z †Kvb ag© ev RvwZ †bB Avi Zv‡`i
MÖ‡š’ H bv‡gi D‡j−LI †bB| Bnv ¯^ ¯^ `‡ji ¯^v_©ev`x
†gŠjev` KZ…©K ms‡hvwRZ I cÖYxZ| AZx‡Zi †Kvb ag©MÖš’B
AcwieZ©xZ bv _vK‡jI Zv †h GKB wQj Zvi wKQy wKQy
mv¶¨ enb K‡i cÖ‡Z¨KwU MÖ‡š’ GgbwK Dcag©MÖ‡š’I| †e`,
MxZv me‡P‡q cyiv‡bv weavq ms‡¶‡c †e`- †Kviv‡bi
mv`„k¨ I ¸i“Z¡c~Y© wKQy evYx wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv:
1. MxZv: ÔGK‡gev wØZxqgÕ, A_©: GK [Dcvm¨] Qvov
wØZxq †bB;

‡Kvivb: Ôjv-Bjvnv Bj−vj−vnÕ A_©vr Avj−vn Qvov Ab¨
†Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB |
2. MxZv: Ôwn RvZm¨ g„Zz¨; aªe g„Zm¨ P Rb¥ aªes; Zv®§vr
Zs †kvPxZzs b Anwm©Õ| [MxZv-‡k−vK-27 ] A_©: †h
R‡b¥ Zvi giY wbwðZ, †h g‡i Zvi Rb¥ wbwðZ|
myZivs Aek¨v¤¢vex welq †Zvgvi †kvK Kiv DwPr bq|
‡Kvivb: A ZzLwiRyj nvBqv wgbvj gvBqvwZ A
ZzLwiRyj gvBqvZv wgbvj nvBqv| [3:Bgivb-27;
6:AvbAvg-95] A_©: ZzwgB g„Z †_‡K Rxeš—‡K †U‡b
evi K‡iv Avevi Rxeš— †_‡K g„Z‡`i †U‡b evi
K‡iv|
3. :†e`: ‡h abevb †jvK ci‡K cÖwZcvjb K‡i bv Zv‡K
N„Yv Kwi| [†e`: 1/120/12]|
‡Kvivb: --A gx¤§v iv¾vKbv ûg BDb‡dK¡zb--|-A BqvgbvDbvj gv-Db| [ 2:evKviv-3; 107:gvDb7 ] A_©: ZvivB mdjKvgx hviv Zv‡`i ab-m¤ú`
†_‡K mvnvh¨-mn‡hvwMZv K‡i|--asm †nvK, hviv
cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i mvnvh¨-mn‡hvwMZv K‡i bv|
4. †e`: †Zvgv‡`i AwfcÖvq GK †nvK, ü`q GK †nvK, gb
GK †nvK, †Zvgiv †hb me©vs‡k m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c GKgZ nI|
[†e`:10/191/4]
‡Kvivb: A AvZvwQÕgy we- nvewjj−vwn Rvwgqv--A jv
ZvdviivK¡z| [3:Bgivb-103] A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni
i¾y GK‡Î gReyZfv‡e AvK‡o _v‡Kv| †Zvgiv wewfbœ
g‡Z Ges `j Dc-`‡j wef³ nBI bv|
5. MxZv: whwb wek¦Kg©v, Zvi gb e„nr wZwb wb‡R e„nr,
wZwb wbg©vY K‡ib, aviY K‡ib, wZwb me©†kªô Ges
mKj wKQy wbqš¿Y K‡ib|
‡Kvivb: A jxj−vnxj gyj‡Kv”Qvgv-AwZ Aj AvØ©-Avjv K¡z‡j− mvBqxb K¡vw`i| [5:gv‡q`v-17] A_©:
`„k¨-A`„k¨ Ges Bnvi g‡a¨ hv wKQy Av‡Q mewKQyiB
mve©‡fŠgZ¡ Avj−vniB| wZwb hv B”Qv m„wó K‡ib|
Avj−vn me©wel‡q me© kw³gvb|
6. †e`: whwb Avgv‡`i Rb¥ `vZv, wcZv, whwb weavZv,
whwb wek¦-f‚e‡bi mKj avg AeMZ Av‡Qb| wZwbB

102

GKgvÎ| Ab¨ mKj f‚e‡bi †jv‡K Zvi welq
wRÁvmvhy³ nq| [†e`-10/82/3]
‡Kvivb: û Aj−v ûj−vRx jv Bjvnv Bj−vÕûA, Avj
gv‡jKzj KzÏyQy”Qvjv-gyj gy‡gbyj gynvBgxbyj AvRxRyj
RveŸvi“j gyZvKv‡eŸi“; QyeZvbvj−vwn Av¤§v BDm‡iK¡zb|
[59:nvki-23] A_©: wZwb Avj−vn, wZwb e¨ZxZ †Kvb
Dcvm¨ †bB, wZwbB cweÎ, wZwbB kvwš—, wZwbB
wbivcËv weavqK, wZwbB i¶K, wZwbB civµgkvjx,
wZwbB cÖej|
7. ‡e`: wek¦ wbwL‡ji me©Î †h mKj KvR n‡q Pj‡Q
cÖK…Zc‡¶ Zvi g~‡j †Kvb †`eZv †bB, Av‡Qb †Kej
GK Ck¦i| mKj wKQyB Zvi Aaxb, Zvi wbqš¿‡Y mKj
wKQyB| wZwb Qvov wØZxq †bB|-- whwb Qq †jvK ¯—¤¢b
K‡i‡Qb| whwb Rb¥ iwnZ iƒ‡c wbevm K‡ib, wZwb
†mBB GKK| [†e`-1/164/6 ]
‡Kvivb: Avj−vû jv Bjvnv Bj−v-ûAj nvBqyj KvBqyg- AvRxg| [2:evKviv-255] A_©: Avj−vn wZwb Qvov
Avi †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB| wZwb wPiÄxe, Abvw`| Zuv‡K
Z›`ªv, wb`ªv ¯•k© K‡i bv| `„k¨-A`„‡k¨ hv wKQy Av‡Q
meB Zuvi- -Zuvi Avmb `„k¨-A`„k¨ e¨vcxqv cwie¨ß;
Bnv‡`i i¶Yv-†e¶‡Y wZwb K¬vš— nb bv, wZwb
KíbvZxZ I gnvgwng|
2. ‡e`: Hk¦ixK ej Ges †`eZv‡`i KvR-G `yÕ†qi
g‡a¨ †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB| [†e`-1/17]
‡Kvivb: A_©vr; Bbœvj−vRxbv BqvKdzibv we-j−vnx A
i“Qyjxnx-- nvK¡vb| [4:wbQv-150,151] A_©: hviv
Avj−vn I ivQyj‡`i cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i Ges Avj−vnivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i--K…Z c‡¶ BnvivB
Kvwdi Ges Bnv‡`i Rb¨ KwVb jvÂbv`vqK kvwš—
i‡q‡Q|
9. †e`: Ckvevm¨ wg`s me©hrwKÂ RMZvs RMr|
†Kvivb: A Kvbvj−vû weKz‡j− kvBC¤§ywnZ| A_©: GKgvÎ
Avj−vn RM‡Zi me wKQy‡K †eób K‡i Av‡Qb|
10. †e`: hyP¶zlv bv ck¨vwZ †hb P¶zswl ck¨vwZ|
†Kvivb: jv Zz`&wiKzûj AveQvi“ A BD`wiKzj

11.
12.

13.
14.
15.

16.

17.

18.

AveQviv| A_©: wbivKvi Avj−vn‡K Aš—i P¶zw`‡q
†`L‡Z nq|
†e`: m~² Zrm~² Zis wefvwZ m‡ewË †e`¨s|
†Kvivb: Aûqj jwZdzj Lwei| A_©: wZwb wbivKvi
wbwe©Kvi Áv‡bi Avavi|
†e`: h‡Zv ev‡Pv wbeZ©‡š— AcÖvc¨ gbmv m:|
†Kvivb: Qy¤§viwRwqj evQviv KviªvZvBwib BqvbKvwje
BjvBKvj evQvi“ nvwQqvI Iqvûqv nvwQi| A_©: `„wó I
KíbviI D‡×© †m|
†e`: bZm¨ cÖwZgv Aw¯—|
†Kvivb: jvBQvKv wgQwj kvBDb| A_©: Zvi †Kvb
D`vniY †bB|
†e`: †R¨vwZmvgwc Z‡¾vwZ¯—|
†Kvivb: byi“b Avjv byi| A_©: wZwb †R¨vwZi †R¨vwZ|
†e`: GK‡gevwØZxqg †bnbv bvw¯— wKÂb, bvqs
KyZwðb efze Kwðr|
†Kvivb: Avj−vû Avnv`, jv Bjvnv MvBi“Kv, jvg
Bqvwj` Ajvg BDjv`| A_©: wZwb GKvKvi, AwØZxq,
wZwb e¨ZxZ †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB, wZwb RvZ bb Ges
Zvi †Kvb RvZK †bB|
†e`: AvÍv bs wew×|
†Kvivb: AÕjvgy-Avbœvj−vnv BqvûjyevBbvj gveB AK¡vjwenx A Avj−vû BjvBwn Zznkvi“b| [8:Avbdvj-24
] A_©: †R‡b †i‡Lv! Avj−vn Rx‡ei Rxe‡bi †K›`ª we›`y
ü`q Aew¯’Z [ü`‡qi Mfx‡i]| Avi Zvi w`‡KB
†Zvgv‡`i cÖZ¨veZ©b|
†k−vK: AwmZ wMwi mgs m¨vr K¾yjs wm›`y cv‡Î myi
Zi“ei kvLv †jLwb cÎgye©x wjLwZ hw` M„wnZ¡v mvi`v
me©Kvjs Z`wcZe ¸bvbvgxk cvis hvwZ|
†Kvivb: A jvI Avbœv gv wdjAv‡Ø©--nvwKg|A_©:
c„w_exi mKj e„¶ hw` Kjg nq Ges GB †h mgy`ª
Bnvi mwnZ hw` AviI mvZ mgy`ª hy³ K‡i Kvwj Kiv
nq ZeyI Avj−vni eY©bv wb:‡kl n‡e bv| Avj−vn
civµgkvjx weÁvbgq|
FK: wZwb AvKv‡k wePiY K‡ib f‚wg‡Z evm K‡ib|

103

†Kvivb: Zvi Avmb AvKvk I Rwgb e¨vwcqv|
19. FK: w`evivÎ ci¯•i m½Z n‡q Avm‡Q Ges hv‡”Q|
†Kvivb: ivZ‡K w`‡b Ges w`b‡K iv‡Z cwieZ©b
K‡i|
20. FK: AvKvk I c„w_ex ci¯•i‡K e„wó I ev®•iƒ‡c im
`vb Ki‡Q|
†Kvivb: Avj−vn AvKvk †_‡K †h Rj el©Y K‡i
g„Zyf~wg‡K RxweZ K‡ib Ges mKj cÖKvi cÖvYx Zv‡Z
Qwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb|
Dwj−wLZ D`vniY QvovI †e`-MxZvi AmsL¨ evYx Av‡Q hv
†Kviv‡bi m‡½ ûeû wgj| GQvov bZzb-cyivZb cÖPwjZ
evB‡e‡ji m‡½ Gi †P‡qI †ekx wgj †`Lv hvq| AZGe
G‡`i MÖš’evnKMYI †h wbtm‡›`‡n fvlvi cv_©‡K¨ GKB
bex I e¨w³ wQ‡jb wK bv! Zv wbæ eY©bvq byZb K‡i †f‡e
†`Lv Ri“ix|
gnvfvi‡Zi kvwš— c‡e©i 339 bs Aa¨v‡q ewY©Z Av‡Q †h,
bvivqY eªþv‡K m„wó K‡i Zv‡K ei cÖ`vb K‡ib †h, Òeªþv
me©Kv‡j me©‡jv‡K gvby‡li Aa¨¶ n‡eb|Ó G K_vB
evB‡e‡ji Avw`c‡e©i 12:3 Avqv‡Z e‡j †h, Òc„w_exi
hveZxq †Mvôx Zvi Øviv Avkxe©v` cÖvß n‡eb|Ó Abyiƒc
GKB K_v †Kvivb ej‡Q, ÔKvjv Bwbœ hv‡qjyKv jxbœv‡Q
Bgvgvb|Õ [2:evKviv-124] A_©: (Avj−vn) ej‡jb, wbðqB
Avwg †Zvgv‡K gvbe RvwZi Bgvg K‡iwQ|
eªþv m¤^‡Ü gnvfvi‡Z ewY©Z, ÒwcZv eªþv GK ce©‡Z
hÁ K‡iwQ‡jb Ges †mLv‡b GKwU eªþkvjv cÖwZwôZ Av‡Q|
eªþv KZ©„K cÖwZwôZ K‚c cÖ`w¶Y Ki‡Z nq| GB K‚‡c
†KkgyÛb K‡i øvb Ki‡j c~Y¨ AwR©Z nq; eªþv‡K
†cŠËwjKMY AwMœKz‡Û wb‡¶c K‡iwQj, †KkvMÖ ch©š— AwMœ
¯•k© Ki‡Z cv‡i wb BZ¨vw`Ó NUbvcÖev‡ni m‡½ Beªvnx‡gi
gywZ© fv½v, AwMœ‡Z wb‡¶c, †Kvievbx, KvevN‡ii Kvwnbx,
RgRg Kyc, †KkgyÛb K‡i †mjvB wenxb Kvc‡o Kvev
cÖ`w¶Y BZ¨vw` ûeû wgj Av‡Q| AvRI eªvþY, cy‡iwnZ,
†eŠ× wf¶zMY †mjvB wenxb Kvco I gv_v gyÛb K‡i cyRv
cvV K‡ib|
wn›`y‡`i `vex †e`-MxZv bKj K‡i evB‡ej iwPZ

n‡q‡Q; wLª÷vb‡`i `vex evB‡ej bKj K‡i †Kvivb iwPZ
n‡q‡Q| †gvmjgvbMY GmKj `vex LÛv‡Z cy‡ivcywi e¨_©
Z`ycwi Zviv `vex Ki‡Q †Kviv‡bi Abymi‡Y AvR‡Ki
weÁvb AbeiZ Avwe®‹vi K‡i Pj‡Q| g~jZt mK‡ji `vex
mZ¨ †h‡nZz GKB msweavb| ZvB †Kviv‡b Avj−vni †NvlYv
ÔAZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i msi¶K I mgv_©K GB
†Kvivb| G‡Z bZzb wKQyB †bB| Avj−vni weav‡b [Qybœ‡Z]
KLbI i`e`j nq bv|Õ AZGe mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i †hLv‡b
†hLv‡b wgj Av‡Q Zv Avjer GKB Avj−vni Ges †hLv‡b
wgj †bB Zv PZzi, ayi›`i gbyl¨iƒcx Bewj‡mi iwPZ I
ms‡hvwRZ kwiqZ|
Ôbex-ivQyj †kl bqÕ Aa¨vq AmsL¨ Avqv‡Z cwi¯‹vi
†NvlYv K‡i †h, AZxZ, eZ©gvb I fwel¨‡Zi Hkx MÖ‡š’i
Dci hviv wek¦vm K‡i/Ki‡e ZvivB Dcv‡m¨i cª`wk©Z c‡_
w¯’i i‡q‡Q Ges ZvivB mdjKvgx|
AvqvZ¸wji e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z wM‡q Avj−vgvMY GUvB
eySv‡Z Pvb †h, ÔAZx‡Zi Hkx MÖš’ mZ¨ wQj, Zv mZ¨
mZ¨B Avj−vni †KZve wQj, bexMY mZ¨ wQj, ïay GUzKzB
wek¦vm Ki‡Z n‡e, gvb‡Z n‡e bv|Õ
Avj−vni Awn wQj, mZ¨ wQj, gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi wbwg‡Ë
wQj A_P gvb‡Z n‡e bv, G †Kgb K_v! aviYvwU GKvš—B
e¨w³MZ I evjmyjf Ges AvqvZwUi m‡½ wZj cwigvYI
m¤úK© †bB e‡jB g‡b nq| †Kvivb evi evi †NvlYv K‡i
†h, GB †Kvivb AZxZ MÖ‡š’i wek` e¨vL¨v Ges DnviB
mgv_©K, msi¶K gvÎ| A_©vr AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖš’
gv‡bB GB †Kvivb; G‡Z wZj cwigvYI bZzbZ¡ †bB|
AZGe IUv Ôwek¦vm Ki‡Z n‡e, gvb‡Z n‡e bv,Õ K_vUvi
†Kvb welqe¯‘ †bB e‡jB g‡b nq| KviY G‡Z †Kvivb‡KB
A¯^xKvi Kiv nq| eis Ò†e`, kÖ“wZ, MxZv, A_©e, mvgxq,
Bqvm‡iexq, wÎwcUK, †R›`v‡e¯’v, †Zvivn, BÄxj BZ¨vw`
Hkx MÖš’ gv‡bB †Kvivb|Ó GUvB Avqv‡Zi cÖavb welqe¯‘|
Gi c‡iI hw` Kv‡iv m‡›`n _v‡K, Z‡e cybt †`Lyb ÔmybœZÕ
Aa¨vq; †mLv‡b Avj−vn K‡qKevi †NvlYv K‡i‡Q
†h,ÔAvj−vni wewa-weavb ev msweav‡b KLbI †Kvb
cwieZ©b, cwiea©b ev i`-e`j nq bv; A_©vr, †Kvivb

104

KvjvKvj‡f`x AcwieZ©bxq wQj Av‡Q Ges _vK‡e| Av`g
†_‡K AvR Aewa AZtci fwel¨‡ZI Avj−vni GB weav‡b
cwieZ©b n‡e bv, GKgvÎ fvlvi e¨eavb Qvov|
†Kviv‡bi †NvwlZ fveaviv g‡Z †Kvivb‡K wek¦
mgv‡R Dc¯’vcb Ki‡j, AvR we‡k¦i Rb msL¨vi 90%
kZvskB Ô†gvm‡jgÕ [f`ª, Av`k© ev kvwš—ev`x] bv‡gB
cwiwPZ n‡Z Me©‡eva Ki‡Zv, mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi g~j
DrcvwUZ n‡Zv Ges c„w_exi A‡a©K m¤ú` gvbyl n‡q
gvby‡li Ly‡b †Mvjv-evi“`, GUg †evgvI ˆZwi n‡Zv bv|
Avj−vgv‡`i aviYv, AZx‡Zi MÖš’ gvb‡Z †M‡j, whï‡K
Avj−vn ej‡Z nq, wÎZ¡ev‡` wek¦vm Ki‡Z nq, wn›`y‡`i
g‡Z, 33 †KvwU †`eZvi cyRv Ki‡Z nq, †eŠ×‡`i gZ
wbixk¦iev`x n‡Z nq BZ¨vw`; ZvQvov †Kviv‡b AZx‡Zi
mKj ag© A‰ea †NvlYv K‡i‡Q BZ¨vw`|
cªavbZt AZx‡Zi mKj ag©vag© I wek¦vm gbyl¨ iwPZ
Dcwbl`, †U÷v‡g›U Z_v `yÕb¤^ix ev Dc-ag© MÖš’ wfwËK;
Hkx MÖš’wfwËK bq e‡jB †Kviv‡b IUv A‰ea †NvlYv
K‡i‡Q| Avi †mB GKB †NvlYv g‡Z †gvm‡jg RvwZi gbyl¨
iwPZ hZ Dc-ag© MÖš’ Av‡Q, †m¸wjI A‰ea e‡j we‡ewPZ
nIqv GKvš— hyw³m½Z Ges G¶zwY Ri“ix e‡U|
AZGe wn›`y: wn›`y bq ; †eŠ×: †eŠ× bq ; wkL: wkL bq ;
Bûw`: Bûw` bq ; wLªôvb: wLªôvb bq ; †gvm‡jg: †gvm‡jg
bq :
1. hZ¶Y ch©š— GKK Dcv‡m¨ [Avjvn, †Lv`v, fMevb,
Ck¦i, MW] wek¦vmx bv nq|
2. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv Avj−vn †cÖwiZ mKj bex-ivQyj,
mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i Dci mgfv‡e wek¦vm ¯’vcb bv K‡i
Ges cybt cybt bex AvMg‡b wek¦vmx bv nq|
3. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv ¯^-¯^ `‡ji gbyl¨ iwPZ Dc-ag© MÖš’
A_©vr `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ Z¨vM K‡i g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’ wd‡i bv
Av‡m|
4. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv bgª, f`ª, Av`k©, c‡ivcKvix,
b¨vqev`x, cwikªgx, Z¨vMx I kvwš—ev`x Z_v gvbeZvev`x
bv nq|
5. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv Ab¨vq, AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi, wnsmv

AnsKvi, hveZxq e¨w³ I `jxq ¯^v_© Z¨vM bv K‡i|
6. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv mZ¨‡K mZ¨, wg_¨v‡K wg_¨v ejvi
Ges Kivi kw³ mvnm AR©b Ki‡Z bv cv‡i|
7. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv wbi‡c¶ I mvg¨ev`x kw³ aviY
Ki‡Z bv cv‡i|
8. hZ¶Y ch©š— †cU I wc‡Vi †fv‡Mi mgvwaKv‡ii
byb¨Zg mxgv aviY Ki‡Z bv cv‡i |
9. hZ¶Y ch©š— gvbyl gvÎB GKK cwiev‡ii m`m¨ wnmv‡e
MÖnY Ki‡Z bv cv‡i|
me©Kv‡ji gvbe‡Mvwôi GKK ag©B ¯’vb, Kvj,cvÎ I
fvlv †f‡` Ges me©Kv‡ji ag©vÜ, †Mvovgx‡`i wnsmv we‡Øl
I †ckv`vix ¯^v‡_©i Kvi‡Y g~j a‡g©i m‡¼vPb ms‡hvRb
K‡i ag©xq mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi Rb¥ w`‡q mgMÖ we‡k¦ AvR G‡K
Aci‡K Lyb I aŸsm jxjvi Pig cÖwZ‡hvwMZv AvaywbK
ˆeÁvwbK hy‡Mi cÖavb ˆewkó| GK‡kªYxi wnsmyK, PZzi,
ayiÜi, ¶gZv wjáy, †fMev`x ivRbxwZwe`MY mKj
†`‡ki mKj Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i [Ávbx-weÁvbx] †KŠk‡j
Aaxb¯’ K‡i ee©i aŸsmjxjvi mvR miÄvg ˆZwii
cÖwZ‡hvwMZv AvaywbK we‡k¦i cÖavb I †kªôZg DrK‡l©i
wb`k©b| Gi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY GKB gvbe‡Mvwôi KwZcq
wckvP ivRbxwZwe`‡`i loh‡š¿ Ges c„ô‡cvlKZvq iwPZ
wfbœ ag©`k©b|
cÖPwjZ wn›`y ag© cÖavbZt ˆew`K ag© ev mbvZb ag© bq
IwU eis eªþv ev Beªvwng we‡ivax †cŠËwjK ag©, hvi cÖavb
fxZ& nvw`‡mi gZB AmsL¨ Dcwbl`|
ÔAv‡jKRvÛvi w` †MÖUÕ Gi bvg AvRI A¶q n‡q
Av‡Q| wKš‘ Zvi Aviex bvg ÔAvj BmKv›`viÕ; cwðgvMY
Zv D”PviY Ki‡Z cv‡i bv e‡jB Zviv e‡jb
ÔAv‡jKRvÛviÕ| Abyiƒc: eªþ-eªþv-Aeªg-AveªvgAveªvnvg-Beªvnxg;
whmvm-whï-Cmv;
†gv‡mR-gyQv;
h¨v‡Kve-BqvKze; †hv‡md-BDQyd BZ¨vw` fvlvi e¨eav‡b
mKj bex‡`i bvgwU ch©š— Avgyj cwieZ©b cwijw¶Z nq|
GKB e¨w³i bvgwU gvÎ D”Pvi‡Yi wfbœZvq †PbvB m¤¢e nq
bv| AZGe Zv‡`i Rxeb PwiZ I evYx wVK Gfv‡eB Kv‡ji
e¨eav‡b ax‡i ax‡i cwieZ©b cwiewa©Z n‡q GKB gvbyl

105

ÁvwZ-‡Mvwôi g‡a¨ †Nvi ˆemv`„k¨ gZwe‡iva m„wó K‡i
cÖMwZi cwie‡Z© MÖnY K‡i‡Q A‡avMwZ, Pig AivRMZv
Avi ˆckvwPK aŸsm jxjv| AvR Ávb weÁvb †hfv‡e
cÖMwZi w`‡K G¸‡”Q Zv‡Z ayiÜi ivRbxwZwe`MY wnsmv,
An¼vi, Rei `Lj BZ¨vw` N„Y¨ D‡Ïk¨ †_‡K weiZ
_vK‡j wek¦ bv‡gi GKK cwiev‡ii mw¤§wjZ GKK PvIqvcvIqv Puv` †Kb m~h© ch©š— GZw`‡b gvby‡li c`vbZ n‡Z
cvi‡Zv| †KvivbB e‡j m„wó ev e¯‘ gv‡bB gvby‡li
c`vbZ|
Dwj−wLZ bex‡`i bv‡gi cv_©K¨ _vK‡jI Zviv †h GKB
e¨w³ Ges AZxZ bex‡`i evYx, D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ msi¶Y I
ev¯—evq‡b cieZ©x bexi AvMgY Zv‡Z Kv‡iv m‡›`n _vKvi
AeKvk †bB; †cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jb:
ÒAvwg eªþv Avwg wke
Avwg nwi Avwg K…ò
B›`ª AMv¯’ weòz Avwg
Avwg †kvK mš—vc cwiZ¨³|
Awnsm ey× Av‡kvK
me©v½ my›`i myVvg Avwg
Avj& Avwgb Avn¤§` ï×|
†Zvgv‡`i mv‡_ wg‡jwg‡k
bvB †gvi †Kvb Kg©
†h‡nZz ZviB cv‡Z
Avwg wewµZ ag©|
†Zvgiv †gv‡i wK †`LvI fq?
I fq Kw¤úZ bq
gg G weµxZ ü`q|
Kjw¼bx ivq †jv
Kvwj M½v cÙv †Mv
mZx mvaŸx kªxgwZ
mxZv mvweÎx Anj¨v fvB‡Mv|
I‡Mv fMevb! Zzwg †gv‡i
†Kb Ki bv `vb
wbZ¨ bZzb ˆbwe`¨gvb?
w·jvPb w·jvKvqZ¡ gnv‡`e Avwg

Avwg gnvgwng Av-gnvcwie¨ß
gg c‡` m‡e jxb A‡nvivÎ|
[eªþv=Beªvwng; wke=†kv‡qe; nwi=nvi“b; K…ò=gyQv; B›`ª=
†Qvjvqgvb;
AMv¯’=BwjqvQ;
weòz=whï,
Cmv;
ey×=hyj‡Kc‡j; A‡kvK=Bqvmv; mvweÎx=gwiqg; A‡nj¨v=
gyQvi gvZv; gby=byn&; gnv‡`e= Av`g|]
[gnv‡`‡ei ¯¿x Kvjx †hgb ¯^vgxi wei“×vPiY Ki‡Zb wVK
†Zgwb Av`‡gi ¯¿xI Av`g‡K weåvš— K‡iwQ‡jb; Kvjx A_©
Kjw¼bx Avi ÔnvIqvÕ A_©I Kjw¼bx|]
***

106

civ‡_©

cÂg Aa¨vq
41 mybœZ
mybœZ k‡ãi A_©: weavb, AvBb, wbqg ev msweavb|
†Kviv‡b †ek wKQy Avqv‡Z ÔmybœZÕ kãwU e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q|
Zv‡Z †Kvivb‡K A_©vr †Kviv‡bi wewa weavb‡KB mybœZ
e‡j †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| ejv n‡q‡Q †h,ÒAvj−vni mybœ‡Z
KLbI †Kvb i` e`j nq bv| Av‡iv †NvwlZ Av‡Q †h,
Avj−vni mybœZ I bex‡`i mybœZ GK I Awfbœ| †Kvivb †`Lyb
:
1. QybœvZv gvb--Zvnwejv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-77]| A_©:
Avi ivQyjM‡Yi g‡a¨ †Zvgvi c~‡e© hv‡`i‡K
cvwV‡qwQjvg Zv‡`i †¶‡ÎI wQj GB GKB weavb
[QybœvZ]| Ges Zzwg Avgvi weav‡b [Qybœv‡Z] KLbI †Kvb
cwieZ©b cv‡e bv|
2. dvjvb ZvwR¡`v wjQybœvwZj−v-wn Zvãxjv| [35:dvwZi43]| A_©: Zzwg Avj−vni weav‡b [Qybœv‡Z] †Kvb i`e`j
cv‡e bv|
3. QybœvZvj−v-- Zvãxjv| [48: dvZ&n-23] A_©: AZxZ
Kvj †_‡KB Avj−vni GB weavb [QybœvZ] cÖPwjZ n‡q
Avm‡Q, Zzwg Avj−vni weav‡b †Kvb cwieZ©b cv‡e bv|
4. QybœvZvj−v--wdj−vRxbv Zvãxjv| [33:AvnRve-62]
A_©: c~e©eZ©xMY, hviv AZxZ n‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i e¨vcv‡i
BnvB wQj Avj−vni weavb [QybœvZ]| Zzwg Avj−vni
weav‡b [Qybœv‡Z] KLbI †Kvb cwieZ©b cv‡e bv|
bexMY Avj−vni mybœZcÖvß n‡q DnvB cvjb K‡ib,
DnvB cÖPvi K‡ib| Bnv‡Z B”QvgZ i`-e`j ev
ms‡KvPb-ms‡hvRb bex‡`i ¶gZvi ewnf©~Z| †Kvivb
†`Lyb:
K¡zj! gv-BqvKzby--AvRxg| [10:BDbym-15] A_©: ej!

wbR nv‡Z ev B”Qv gZ i`-e`j Kiv Avgvi ¶gZvi
evwn‡i| eis Avgvi cÖwZ hv Awn nq, Avwg †Kej DnvB
AbymiY Kwi| Avgvi cªfyi Aeva¨ n‡j gnvw`e‡mi kvw¯—
†_‡K wKQy‡ZB †invB cve bv|
Avj−vni mybœZ, bex‡`i mybœZ e‡j hviv cv_©K¨ m„wó
K‡i †Kviv‡b Zv‡`i Kv‡di †NvlYv K‡i‡Q, [`ª: 4:wbQv150,151] hv GKUz c~‡e©B †jLv n‡q‡Q|
c¶vš—‡i, bvgv‡R diR-mybœZ, †ivRvq diR-mybœZ,
n‡¾ diR-mybœZ, ARy‡Z diR-mybœZ, †Mvm‡j diRmybœZ, weQvbvq diR-mybœZ, †ckve, cvqLvbvq diRmybœZ; ag©v-a‡g©i ïi“ †_‡K †kl ch©š— c‡` c‡` Avj−vni
mybœ‡Zi cvkvcvwk ivQy‡ji mybœZ bv‡g Avjv`v kwiqZ
iwPZ n‡q‡Q! bex wnmv‡e Zvi hveZxq KvR-Kg© m¤ú~Y©
†Kviv‡bi Aaxb ev AvIZvf‚³, G‡Z wZj cwigvY e¨wZµg
†bB; gvby‡li g‡a¨ hviv Gi e¨wZµg wek¦vm K‡ib, eyS‡Z
n‡e Zviv †Kvivb ¯^xKvi, mg_©b K‡ib wKš‘ gv‡bb bv|
gnvbex †Kviv‡bi evB‡i Pzj cwigvYI wKQy K‡i‡Qb ev
e‡j‡Qb e‡j c„w_ex ï× gvby‡l mv¶x w`‡jI Avj−vn Zv
¯^xKvi Ki‡eb bv, †Kvivb Zv ¯^xKvi K‡iB bv|
cybð myybœZ A_© weavb ev msweavb, c¶vš—‡i dih A_©
KZ©e¨, wba©vwiZ, cvjbxq, KiYxq I AbymiYxq| AZGe,
myybœvZvj−v‡n di&RÕ, A_©vr ÔAvj−vni weavb cvjbxq|Õ
GLv‡b ÔdiRÕ I myybœvZÕ, wfbœ K‡i †`Lvi my‡hvM e¨vKiY
AvRI Aby‡gv`b K‡i wb| a‡g©i bv‡g Z_v gnvbexi bv‡g
hviv `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZ iPbv K‡i‡Qb, Ggb wK fvlv Áv‡bI
†h Zviv Avgvi gZ Afvex wQ‡jb, Gev‡i Zv m‡›`n
Ki‡ZB nq|
Avj−vni ÔmybœvZÕ I ivQy‡ji ÔmybœvZÕG cv_©K¨ nIqvi ev
Kivi †KvbB my‡hvM †bB| KviY, Avj−vni QybœvZB gnvbexi
cweÎ gyL †_‡K cÖKvk I cÖPvwiZ n‡q‡Q| AZtci wZwb
†mB cweÎ gy‡LB Dnv‡Z i`e`j ev ms‡KvPb A_ev

107

ms‡hvRb K‡i‡Qb, Ggb wek¦vm ev d‡Zvqv gnvbexi Rb¨
¸i“Zi Kj¼ I AcgvbRbK welq, ïay ZvBB bq; Zvi
bex‡Z¡i Dci cÖPÛ ûgwK¯^iƒc| Zvi Abymvix‡`i g‡a¨
G‡nb Bgvb wek¦vm P‚ovš— nvivg e‡U!
Kw_Z nq †h, gnvbex diR bvgvR Ki‡Zb, AZtci
Zvi c~‡e© ev c‡i mybœvZ bvgvRI Ki‡Zb; diR bvgv‡R
gyQj−x‡`i Rvgv‡Zi BgvgwZ ev †bZ…Z¡ w`‡Zb; c¶vš—‡i
mybœZ bvgv‡R RvgvZ Ki‡Zb bv BgvgwZ I Ki‡Zb bv|
A_©vr wZwb cÖ‡Z¨K Iqv‡³ cÖvq mg ivKvZ wewkó `yB evi
bvgvR Ki‡Zb Zv hyw³m½Z n‡Z cv‡i! wKš‘ cÖkœ Rv‡M †h,
wZwb mybœZ bvgv‡R wK wbqZ Ki‡Zb? Avgiv †hgb ewj:
Ômybœv‡Z ivQywjj−vwn ZvÔAvjv gyZvqwR¡nvb-- '|
gnvbexI wK H GKB wbqZ Ki‡Zb? DËi hw` nq
Ôn¨uvÕ, Z‡e ¯^fveZB cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, gnvbex †Kvb& bexi
myybœvZ cvjb Ki‡Zb? bex‡`i ev bexi mybœvZ †Kb cvjb
Ki‡Zb? Avi DËi hw` nq ÔbvÕ, Z‡e wZwb wK wbqZ
Ki‡Zb Ges †m wbqZ nvw`m †dKnvq †Kb †jLv nq wb?
G‡nb RwUj cÖ‡kœi DËi Luy‡R bv †c‡q B`vwbs mgv‡R †KD
†KD cÖPvi Ki‡Qb †h, Ôbvgv‡R wbq‡ZiB cÖ‡qvRb †bB|Õ
g~jZt diR QybœvZ bvgvR ej‡Z †Kvb bvgvR †bB;
ÔbvgvRÕ bvgvRB| Zv wef³ K‡i †`Lvi ev Kivi †Kvb
wfwË †bB, wef³ Kivi ¶gZvI Kv‡iv †bB| bvgvR GKK
I Awfbœ| GB Awfbœ bvgvR‡K hviv wfbœ Ki‡jb, ivQyj‡K
hviv ¯^qs Avj−vni m‡½ kwiK Ki‡jb ZvivB AvR a‡g©i
evnK, Av‡jg-Avj−vgv bv‡g mgv‡R cÖwZwôZ!
gnv bex RvgvZe× bvgv‡Ri c~‡e© ev c‡i AwZwi³
bvgvR nq‡Zv Ki‡Zb! Zvi cÖavb KviY: gnvbex
e¨w³MZfv‡e wZwb wQ‡jb †gvm‡jg Avi `jMZfv‡e
wQ‡jb Bgvg I bex| Bgvg wnmv‡e wZwb gyQj−x‡`i bvgvR
Kiv‡Zb; AZtci e¨w³MZfv‡e wZwb wb‡Ri bvgvR
Ki‡Zb| A_©vr GKw`‡K wZwb †bZ…‡Z¡i `vwqZ¡ cvjb Aci

w`‡K wZwb Avcb KZ©e¨ cvjb Ki‡Zb| G Kvi‡YB wZwb
cÖwZ Iqv‡³ `yBevi bvgvR Ki‡Zb| DnvB Av‡jgAvj−vgvMY, Zv‡`i ag© Áv‡bi A`~i`wk©Zvi Kvi‡Y ev
B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji AvB‡b cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i
ivQyj‡K Avj−vni m‡½ kwiK K‡i †d‡j‡Qb; hv AgvR©bxq
Aciva| †ivRv Z_v Ab¨vb¨ ag©vbykxj‡Y bvgv‡Ri gZ
mivmwi †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖ‡qvRb nq bv e‡jB Ggb bwRi ev
D`vniY Ab¨Î †bB|
Av`k©: ivQy‡ji Av`k© ej‡Z Ggb KZ¸wj bxwZme©¯^‡K
eySvq; hvi †Kvb cwieZ©b cwiea©b nq bv Ges Zvnv ¯’vb,
Kvj I cv‡Îi Dci wbw`©ó bq| †hgb: mZZv, wek¦¯’Zv,
b¨vqcivqYZv, wbqgvbyewZ©Zv, ˆah¨©kxjZv, gnvbyfeZv,
cwikªgx, c‡ivcKvix, wbi‡c¶Zv BZ¨vw` welq kΓ-wgÎ
mK‡jB GK I Awfbœ mv¶¨ cÖ`vb K‡i| Av`k© ej‡Z
Dcvm¨ cÖYxZ mybœZ Z_v †Kviv‡bi AvIZvf‚³ _vKv| BnvB
bex‡`i †kªôZg Av`k©| bexMY Avj−vni Kv‡Q Pzw³e×
_v‡Kb †h, Avj−vni Awn Qvov, Avj−vn cÖYxZ msweav‡bi
evB‡i Zviv wKQyB ej‡eb bv ev Ki‡eb bv| bex‡`i Dci
Avj−vni G‡nb Av¯’v _v‡K, ZvB bex‡`i †kªôZg I
wekvjZg Av`k© e‡jB bex‡`i‡K AbymiY Ki‡Z e‡jb|
Av`k© KvjvKvj †f`x ¯’vqx I w¯’i| ¸i“i G mKj Av`k©
wkl¨‡`i AbymiY AZ¨vek¨Kxq| GLv‡b diR-mybœZ
[cvjbxq-weavb] BZ¨vw` kwiK ev fvMvfvwM Kiv
AvevwÂZ| wKš‘ ¸i“i G mKj Av`k© ev¯—evq‡bi cš’v¸wj
¯’vb, Kvj I cv·f‡` Áv‡bi weeZ©‡bi m‡½
cwieZ©bkxj I cÖMwZkxj weavq AZx‡Zi ¯’vb, Kvj, cvÎ
AbyKiY Kivi A_© ¸i“i bKj mvRv ; hv ¸i“Zi †eqv`ex
e‡U! Bnv QvovI ¸i“i ev wcZv-gvZvi Ggb KZK¸wj K_v
I KvR _v‡K hv AbyKiY Kiv wkl¨ mš—v‡bi Rb¨ nvivg
e‡U|
1400 kZ ermi c~‡e©i mvgvwRK Ae¯’v, mfv-mwgwZ,

108

cÖPvi, hvZvqvZ, hy×-weMÖn; Zvi ixwZ-bxwZ, mvRmiÄvg, cÖwk¶Y, cÖ¯‘wZ BZ¨vw`; cvwievwiK, mvgvwRK I
ivR‰bwZK Kg©-Rxeb cÖYvjx Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b ¯^qs ÔKvjÕB
Zv eR©b K‡i _v‡K|
gnvbexi ¯^-n‡¯— ˆZwi †LRyi cvZvi gmwR`, DU†Nvov, Zxi-Z‡jvqv‡ii hy×, QvZz-i“wU, †LRyi f¶Y, 3wU
kjvKv w`‡q `uvZ wLjwK, Pvgov, Mv‡Qi evKj ev cv_‡i
†KD Avi wj‡L bv BZ¨vw` kwiqZ mybœZ wnmv‡e Avi gh©v`v
†`b bv; †Qvqv‡ei Avkvq wgwó †L‡q †KD Avi Wvq‡ewUK
e„w×I K‡ib bv; †h‡nZz Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b Zv ¯^fveZtB
cwiZ¨v³| wKš‘ gnvbexi Av`k© KvjvKvj‡f`x
AcwieZ©bxq Abo| Avj−vniB weKvk cÖKv‡ki gva¨g ÁvbweÁvb| Áv‡bi ev¯—e iƒcvqbB weÁvb; A`„k¨ †_‡K
AbeiZ `„k¨Zi K‡i, weKvk-cÖKvk K‡i GB weÁvb; hviv
K‡i ZvivB ˆeÁvwbK, G‡`i‡KB Aviex‡Z ÔAv‡jgÕ
ÔAvj−vgvÕ e‡j|
eZ©gv‡b ÔAv‡jgÕ kãwUi e¨envi eoB Ki“Y; gvÎ
†ckv`vix ag© wk¶v Avi AvKvi AvK…wZ‡Z mxgve× K‡i
†d‡j‡Q Ges ag©‡K GivB †ckv wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i‡Qb|
weKvk-cÖKvkB Aviex‡Z ingvb I ivwng| Kvj I Áv‡bi
weeZ©b cwieZ©b hviv †VKv‡Z Pvq; Zviv mivmwi Avj−vni
Ôingvb-ivwngÕ bv‡gi ¸Yv¸b †VwK‡q ivL‡Z e× cwiKi|
Zv‡`i Aci bvgB ag©vÜ ev ÔcÖPwjZ †gŠjev`Õ|
†gŠjev‡`i mKj ag©-Kg© †Kvivb wei“× I Ávb-weÁvb
weewR©Z, hv †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq mv¶x i‡q‡Q|
Ávb-weÁv‡bi `„wó‡Z Ôg~jÕ Ô†gŠwjKÕ Ô†gŠjev`Õ
K_vUv LyeB g~j¨evb wKš‘ ag© `k©‡b Ô†gŠjev`Õ Gi msÁv
eoB A®ú„m¨, ‡¤−”Q e bvcvK| KviY gvbe RvwZi Avw`
a‡g©i g~j wek¦vm [nhiZ Av`g e¨wZµg] ïi“ nq cvnvoce©Z, cï-cw¶,P›`ª-m~h¨© BZ¨vw`‡K Avj−vn Ávb K‡i
cyRv, QvjvZ Kiv ; GwUB gbyl¨ a‡gi© †gŠwjK myÎ I wfZ&|

Zv‡`i DrK…ó D`vniY AvRi, Avey‡h‡nj, bgi“`, †divDb
cÖgyL Ges AZx‡Zi cv`ªx, cwÛZ, cy‡ivwnZ, Av‡jgMY hviv
cÖ‡Z¨K bex‡KB A¯^xKvi K‡iwQj Ges Zv‡`i wei“‡×
msMÖvg K‡iwQj| Giv mZ¨‡K wg_¨v †f‡e AvRxeb m‡Z¨i
wei“‡× cÖwZev` I msMÖvg K‡i Pj‡Q| Avj−vni wbZ¨ bZzb
m„wó I cÖMwZ Giv mn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i bv, A_P †fvM-wejvm
K‡ib,m‡½ m‡½ Avwe¯‹viK‡`i Kv‡di, †eØxb e‡j
d‡Zvqv cÖ`vb K‡ib|
*
42 nvw`m I mybœ‡Zi cv_©K¨
Avi GKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Av‡jvP¨ welq †h, kwiqZ Ônvw`mÕ
I ÔmybœZ‡KÕ KLbI KLbI wfbœ K‡i †`‡Lb| GRb¨
Dnv‡`i wfbœ myÎI Avwe¯‹vi Ki‡Qb; †hgb ivQy‡ji
†Kvivb ewnf©~Z K_v‡K Ônvw`mÕ Ges †Kvivb ewnf©~Z
KvR‡K mybœZ e‡j AvL¨vwqZ K‡ib!
c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, nvw`m A_© K_v, evYx,
Bw½Z, Bmviv, BwZnvm BZ¨vw` Ges mybœZ A_© weavb,
wbqg,AvBb, MVbZš¿ BZ¨vw`| myZivs myÎ؇qi g‡a¨
cv_©K¨ _vKvi K_v bq; KviY ivQyj ¯^qs hv Dc‡`k w`‡Zb
wVK ZvBB wb‡RI Ki‡Zb Ges hv Ki‡Zb AweKj ZvBB
Ab¨‡K Dc‡`k w`‡Zb| ZvQvov c~‡e©B cÖgvb †`qv n‡q‡Q
†h, †Kvivb evi evi eûevi mvw¶ w`‡”Q †h, ivQyj
†Kviv‡bi evwn‡i wZj cwigvYI K_v I KvR K‡ib wb!
mvaviY Ávbx‡`i †f‡e †`Lvi welq †h, Dwj−wLZ myÎ
g‡Z ivQyj hv e‡j‡Qb Zv wZwb K‡ib wb! Ges hv wZwb
K‡i‡Qb Zv wZwb e‡jb wb! A_©vr kwiqZ cÖPvi K‡i
†eov‡”Qb †h, ivQyj †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i eû K_v I KvR
K‡i‡Qb †Zv e‡UB! Dciš‘ Zvui K_v I Kv‡Ri †Kvb
mvgÄm¨ wQj bv! G‡nb wek¦vm cÖK…Z avwg©K‡`i Aek¨B

109

DwØMœ Ki‡e|
*
43 a‡g© `uvwo †cvkv‡Ki fywgKv
ag©v-a‡g©i g~j wfZ& mªóvi Aw¯—Z¡ ¯^xKvi| mªóv Av‡Q wK
†bB! hviv †bB e‡jb, Zv‡`i hyw³ cÖgv‡Yi †P‡q, hviv
Av‡Q e‡jb, Zv‡`i hyw³ cÖgvY A‡bK kw³kvjx e‡U| mªóv
Av‡Q wK †bB, G RwUjZi cÖ‡kœi mnR mij DËi Luy‡R
cvIqv hvq ÔAvwgÕ AvwQ wK †bB G cÖ‡kœi Dˇii g‡a¨|
hw` ewj ÔAvwgÕ AvwQ Z‡e mªóvI Av‡Q; Avi hw` ewj
ÔAvwgÕ †bB [Avn¤§K bvwK!] Z‡e, mªóvI †bB| hw` ewj
Avwg m„ó, Z‡e mªóv wek¦vm ev Zvi Aw¯—Z¡ Awbevh©|
mªóvi Aw¯—Z¡ ¯^xKv‡i Rx‡ei AvKvi-AvK…wZ, mv`vKv‡jv, jyw½-c¨v›U, AvZi-Avj‡Lj−v, `uvwo-†gvP I
Pz‡ji †Kvb f‚wgKv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| Z‡e nu¨v! ¯^-¯^
†`k-cwi‡ek, AvenvIqv-Rjevqy Dc‡hvMx i“wPm¤§Z,
gvwR©Z mvR-‡MvR hyw³m½Z e‡U|
1. Bqv ewb Av`vgv--ZvKIqv| [7:Avivd-26] A_©: †n
Av`gRvZ! †Zvgv‡`i j¾v wbevi‡Yi Rb¨ I †ekf‚lvi Rb¨ †cvkvK cwi”Q` w`‡qwQ Ges ag©fxi“ZvB
m‡e©vrK…ó cwi”Q`|
2. Bqv ewb Av`vgv--gvmwR‡`| [7:Avivd-31] A_©: †n
Av`gRvZ! Qvjv‡Zi mgq my›`i cwigvwR©Z †cvkvK
cwi”Q` ci‡e|
3. Aj−vû--ZzQ‡jgyb| [16:bvnj-81] A_©:--Ges
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ m„wó K‡ib cwi‡aq e‡mªi; Zv
†Zvgv‡`i Zvc †_‡K i¶v K‡i Ges wZwb m„wó K‡ib
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ e‡g©i, Zv †Zvgv‡`i hy‡× i¶v K‡i|
Gfv‡eB wZwb †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Zuvi AbyMÖn c~Y© K‡ib
hv‡Z †Zvgiv Zvi f³ nI|

Avie †`k ﮋ I DËß gi“f‚wgi †`k| †m †`‡ki jynvIqvi DËß evjy KYv †`‡n jvM‡jB cy‡o hvq; †m
Kvi‡YB Avieevmxiv wXjv-†Xvjv Rvgv-Kvc‡o Avcv`vg¯—
K †X‡K iv‡L| cÖk¯— i“gvj (wnRve) w`‡q gv_v †X‡K iv‡L;
hv‡Z `yB Kvb I †Pvqvj XvKv _v‡K| i“gvjwU hv‡Z jynvIqvq D‡o bv hvq, †mRb¨ wdZvi †eix w`‡q iv‡L| GB
wbw`©ó †cvkvK Avi‡ei wbw`©ó AvenvIqv-Rjevqy
AbyhvqxB wbw`©ó| Aviwe wLª÷vb, Bûw`, †e`yBb, †cŠËwjK
mK‡jB GKB †cvkvK e¨envi K‡i _v‡K| †gŠjev`x ag©vÜ
Avey †h‡nj, Avey jvnveI GB ai‡Yi †cvlvK ci‡Zb|
AvR‡Ki kwiqZ KvíwbK BmjvwgK †cvlvK e‡j e¨eüZ
†cvlvK¸wj Avi‡ei †jv‡Kiv c~‡e©I e¨envi Ki‡Zv bv,
AvRI K‡i bv, gnvbexI [mv] Ki‡Zb bv|
Avgv‡`i Av‡jgMY Rvgv-Kvc‡o ivQy‡ji bKj
mvR‡Z wM‡q fzj K‡i †g‡q‡`i †cvkv‡Ki w`‡K Szu‡K
c‡o‡Qb| †g‡q‡`i †m‡jvqvi Ges Kvwg‡Ri gZB AweKj
†Svjv Avj‡Lj−v c‡ob; Uzwc, †nRve w`‡q Pzj-‡Pnvov
XvKvi e¨_© †Póv Ki‡Qb; B`vwbs hei`¯— Av‡jgMY (!)
†g‡q‡`i Avi GKwU f‚lY Ô†nRveÕ ev ÔIobvÕ Uzwci wb‡P
ev Mjvq e¨envi Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq! †`Lv hvq KvR‡ji
cwie‡Z© myigvi e¨envi| Ggb A™¢zZ †cvkvK †h, Kv‡Q bv
Avmv ch©š— cyi“l e‡jB mbv³ Kiv hvq bv| cvqLvbv I
weQvbv G `yÕwU mgq Qvov gv_vi Uzwc KLbIB b‡o bv|
hw`I Mv-MZi I gv_v †X‡K ivLvi weavb Av‡Q GKgvÎ
Qvjv‡Zi mgq Ab¨ †Kvb mgq bq| Z‡e Avmvi Av‡jv GB
†h, Avš—R©vwZK ag© e¨emvi ¯^v‡_© Kw_Z Av‡jgMY †`kwe‡`‡k G‡m cÖK…wZi agK mn¨ Ki‡Z bv †c‡i Kw_Z mgyn
mybœwZ †cvkvK GgbwK UzwcwU ch©š— †eØxbx (!) †cvkv‡K
Ave„Z K‡i iv‡Lb| wbw`©ó †`‡ki Zxeª kx‡Zi AvenvIqvi
Kv‡Q KwíZ wek¦ Bmjvwg Avš—R©vwZK mybœwZ †cvkv‡Ki
GB bxie Ae¨³ civRq eoB Ki“Y|

110

gyjZt Bmjvgx: Av‡jv-evZvm, Av¸b-cvwb, gvwU
ej‡Z wKQy †bB; Bmjvgx P›`ª-m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î ej‡ZI wKQy
eySvq bv; AZGe, BmjvwgK †`k ev †cvkvK ej‡ZI
†Zgb wKQyi Aw¯—Z¡ Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| ¯^-¯^ AvenvIqv
I Rjevqy Abyhvqx Av`k© gvwR©Z, i“wPm¤§Z, Kg© Dc‡hvMx,
Avivg`vqK I Kj¨vYKi †cvkvK-cwi”Q`B kvwš—i Z_v
Bmjvgx †cvkvK ejv †h‡Z cv‡i|
Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, Z`vwbš—b †cŠËwjK Avie mgv‡R
†bZv wbe©vP‡bi cÖavb gvcKvwV wQj `uvwo| †¯‹j w`‡q `uvwo
†g‡c †bZv wbe©vPb Kiv n‡Zv| GRb¨ †cŠËwjK‡`i g‡a¨
Avw`Kvj †_‡KB `uvwoi cÖwZ‡hvwMZv Pj‡Zv| ZvB `uvwo
ivLv mvgvwRK I ag©xq weavb [myybœZ] wnmv‡e ¸i“Z¡ †c‡Zv|
Rbve †bZv Avey †h‡n‡ji `uvwo me‡P‡q j¤^v wQj weavq
wZwbB mgvR †bZvi `vwqZ¡ †c‡qwQ‡jb|
`uvwo m¤^‡Ü gnvbexi GKwU Ki“Y nvw`m Av‡Q| NUbvwU
e‡j‡Qb XvKv RMbœv_ wek¦we`¨vj‡qi BmjvwgK ÷vwW‡Ri
†nW Ae w` wWcvU©‡g›U cÖ‡dmi Avãym mvjvg; Zvi `uvwo
wQj bv| †Kb `uvwo iv‡Lb wb! G cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e e‡jb †h,
wZwb †Kvb GK BmjvwgK Rjmvq Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| Rjmvi
mfvcwZ wQ‡jb evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK BDwbfviwmwUi me©
cÖ_g fvBm-P¨v‡Âji W: wmivRyj Bmjvg, ZviI `uvwo
wQj bv| BmjvwgK BDwbfviwmwUi GKRb fvBmP¨v‡Âj‡ii `uvwo †bB †Kb! H GKB AcÖZ¨vwkZ cÖ‡kœi
Rev‡e wZwb e‡jb, Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g `k‡K GK`v gnvbex
nhiZ Avey eKi, nhiZ Igi, nhiZ Avjxmn [iv]
D”Pc`¯’ mKj Qvnvevi †W‡K ej‡jb †h, ÒAvR †_‡K
†Zvgv‡`i mK‡ji `uvwo †K‡U †dj‡Z n‡e|Ó Dcw¯’Z
mK‡jB †hb Zv¾e e‡b †M‡jv ! AZtci Gi KviY
wRÁvmv Kivq gnvbex ej‡jb †h, Ò†`L ‡cŠËwKKMY
mK‡jB `uvwo iv‡L, eZ©gv‡b †ek msL¨K Bûw`, †cŠËwjK
I wLª÷vb †_‡K †gvm‡jg n‡q‡Q; w`b w`b Avgv‡`i msL¨v

evo‡Q, ZvB mKj‡K wP‡b ivLv m¤¢eci bq; c‡_ Nv‡U
Pjv †divq, hy‡×i gv‡V †gvm‡jg‡`i bvbv mgm¨vi m¤§yLxb
n‡Z nq; GgZve¯’vq †K †gvm‡jg Avi †K A‡gvm‡jg Zv
mbv³ Kiv †gv‡UB mnR bq; ZvB †gvm‡jgMY `uvwo †K‡U
†dj‡j †h‡Kvb Ae¯’vq †`Lv gvÎ mbv³ Kiv hv‡e|Ó GK_v
ï‡b Dcw¯’Z mfvm` cÖPÛ mgm¨vq co‡jb| AZtci
wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Kvbv-Nylv K‡i gnvbexi Kv‡Q mgq †P‡q
wb‡jb †h, GRb¨ Zv‡`i fve‡Z n‡e| AZtci †Kvb GK
mgq gnvbexi `iev‡i G‡m Zv‡`i AcviMZv cÖKvk K‡i
ej‡jb †h, gnvbexi wb‡`©‡k Zv‡`i hveZxq ab m¤ú`
Z¨vM Ki‡Z ivwR ; hy‡× Rxeb w`‡Z ivwR ; wewe Z¨vM Z_v
†`k Z¨vM Ki‡ZI ivwR ; cwie‡Z© gnvbex †hb Zuvi `uvwo
KvUvi Av‡`kwU iwnZ K‡ib| evc-`v`v †PŠÏ cyi“‡li
AwfRvZ, RwoZ GB `uvwo‡Z; GUv Zviv wKQy‡ZB gvb‡Z
cvi‡e bv| gnvbex fvebvq co‡jb, AZtci ej‡jb,
Ò†Zvgv‡`i Aby‡iva †g‡b wbjvg, Z‡e †gvQ G‡Kev‡i
wbg©~j Ki Ges `uvwo ivL wKš‘ GK gywV A_©vr Pvi Av½y‡ji
†ewk bq| hv‡Z †gvQ wenxb Lv‡Uv `uvwo †`L‡jB gymwjg
Agymwjg †`LvgvÎ mbv³ Kiv m¤¢e n‡e|Ó G‡Z Zviv ivwR
nq| †mB †_‡K AvR ch©š— AvieevmxMY Ggb wK
BivbxMYI GB wbqg cvjb K‡i Avm‡Q| c¶vš—‡i Avgiv
cybivq `uvwoi cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq †b‡gwQ! AvR‡Ki kwiq‡Z
ag©fxi“Zvi cÖavb gvcKvwV GB `uvwo! gnvbex †h eva¨ n‡qB
`uvwo †i‡LwQ‡jb, Dc‡iv³ weei‡Y Zvi hyw³hy³Zv Lyu‡R
cvIqv hvq| a‡g©i Dci †`‡ni wewfbœ ¯’v‡bi Pzj-ck‡gi
¸i“Z¡I †bB, f‚wgKvI †bB weavq gnvbex Zv‡`i Aby‡iva
i¶v K‡iwQ‡jb| welqwU †hLv‡bB †jLv _vKzK ev †hB-B
ejyK Zv hyw³m½Z, gvwR©Z I Kj¨vYKi e‡UB|
c¶vš—‡I gnvbexi g„Zz¨i wZb Pvi cyi“l MZ nIqvi
c‡i Bgvg †evLvixMY [i] gnvbexi bv‡g Qwnn& [?] nvw`m
iPbv Ki‡jb:

111

1. gnvbex [mv] e‡j‡Qb, `uvwo Avj−vni b~i| 2.
GKMvwQ `uvwoi Pzj cÖwZ 70 nvRvi †d‡i¯Zv Sz‡j _v‡K|
3. `uvwo ivLv gnvbexi QybœZ [weavb]| 4. †gvQ wfRv cvwb
ev Lv`¨ †L‡j nvivg LvIqv nq, BZ¨vw`| nvw`m¸wj hw`
mwZ¨B n‡q _v‡K Z‡e Rbve Avey †h‡nj, Avey jvnve,
Avãyj−vn Be‡b DevB, gxi Rvdi, mvjgvb iƒk`x,WviDBb,
Kwe iwe›`ª bv_, Bûw` wkK‡`i‡K †gviZv`, Kv‡di,
†gvbv‡dK Z_v Agymwjg ejvi †Kvb hyw³ Lyu‡R cvIqv hvq
bv| KviY: 1. `uvwo Avj−vni b~i, Zv Zv‡`i Av‡Q| 2.
`uvwoi Pzj cÖwZ 70 nvRvi †d‡i¯—v Sz‡j, Zv Zv‡`i Szj‡Q|
3. `uvwo ivLv QybœZ, ZvI Zviv cvjb Ki‡Qb| 4. hviv
ivQy‡ji Aš—Z GKwU mybœv‡Zi cvqiwe Ki‡eb, Zv‡`i Rb¨
†`vhL nvivg| nvw`‡mi G kZ©wUI Zviv cvjb Ki‡Qb|
MÖv‡g-M‡Ä GLbI Kw_Z nq †h, ÒeKwiUv cqM¤^ix
mybœZ cÖvß n‡q‡Q|Ó †QvU †ejvi K_v: m¤ú‡K© GK bvbvi
GKwU `uvwoavix eKwi wQj| cÖvqB †¶Z-Lvgvi bó
Ki‡Zv| GKw`b eKwiwUi `uvwo a‡i Uvb‡Z Uvb‡Z bvbvi
Kv‡Q nvwRi K‡i ¶wZi ¶wZcyiY `vex Ki‡j bvbv Dëv
cÖPÛfv‡e †¶‡c wM‡q cÖPwjZ Av‡jg †kªYxi gZ Mvjg›`
Ki‡Z jvM‡jb Ges ¶wZcyiY †`qv ev QvMj‡K mveavb
K‡i ivLv‡Zv `~‡ii K_v cwi¯‹vi fvlvq kZK© K‡i w`‡jb
†h, †di hw` eKwii Qybœ‡Z nvZ †`B Z‡e Aek¨B Avgvi
wVKvbv n‡e Rvnvbœvg !
AevK jv‡M †h, `uvwo ivQy‡ji mybœvZ n‡Z hv‡e †Kb!!
IwU gnvbexi Avgj †_‡KB wK MRv‡bv ev i¶Y ïi“ n‡q‡Q!
eis `uvwo cyi“‡li Ges wKQy msL¨K cïi cÖK…wZMZ mybœZ ev
weavb|
Avw`Kvj †_‡KB kwiqZ gnvbexi cweÎ bv‡g wg_¨v
d‡Zvqv iPbv K‡i AvKvi AvK…wZ‡Z AwZ mn‡RB avg©xK ev
ivQy‡ji bKj †m‡R wbixn mij ag©cÖvY RbmvaviY‡K
cÖZvwiZ Kivi c_ cvKv‡cv³ K‡i‡Qb; Avi G‡Z

c~Y©fv‡eB mdjZv AR©b K‡i‡Qb| †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi
c‡i GwR` es‡ki Kw_Z LjxdvMY Kw_Z ivQy‡ji Rvgv
cwiavb K‡i ivQy‡ji f³ e‡j RbmvaviY‡K cÖZvwiZ
K‡iwQ‡jb| A`¨ewa †mB cÖeYZv Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q|
AvKvi-AvK…wZ‡Z gnvbexi bKj mvRvi e¨_© †Póv gyjZt
Pig †eqv`we wK bv Zv †KD KLbI †f‡e †`‡L wb| `uvwo†gvP i¶Y Hw”QK, a‡g©i m‡½ Gi †Kvb m¤•K© †bB|
nhiZ gyQv (mv) 40 w`‡bi cvnvoev‡mi my‡hv‡M nhiZ
nviƒb‡K [mv] f³MY mvgwqKfv‡e weåvš— K‡i wQj| nhiZ
gyQv [mv] wd‡i G‡m Ae¯’v †`‡L †i‡M nhiZ nviƒ‡bi [mv]
`uvwo a‡i agK †`qvq Zuvi fyj ‡f‡½ wQj; ms‡kvwaZ
n‡qwQ‡jb| mgv‡Ri cÖK…Z ag©fxi“ Av‡jgMY nhiZ gyQvi
[mv] GB mybœZwU [QybœZ bq eis diR, KviY †Kviv‡b Gi
D‡j−L Av‡Q] Pvjy Ki‡j kwiqZ Rvgv-Kvc‡o ivQy‡ji
bKj mvRvi N„Y¨ cÖeYZv †_‡K weiZ †_‡K wb‡R‡`i
ms‡kvab Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb ; Zv‡Z gnvbexi bv‡g wg_¨v
Acev‡`i fvi wKQyUv n‡jI jvNe n‡Zv|
*
44 wgjv`
2002 mv‡ji †mŠw` Avi‡ei miKvwi gydwZi Òwgjv`
bv hv‡qR I KzdzixÓ †NvlYvi d‡j mviv we‡k¦ GKwU bxie
wec−e n‡q †M‡jv| Av‡gwiKvi cÖvq mKj evsjv cwÎKvq
Gi wei“‡× Dj½ cÖwZev‡`i So D‡VwQj; KviY †NvlYvwU
wQj †ckv`vix avwg©K‡`i e¨emvi Aw¯—‡Z¡i jovB| Zviv
†Kviv‡bi GKwU gvÎ AvqvZ Zz‡j a‡i wgjv‡`i ¯^c‡¶
e³e¨ †i‡L‡Qb; wKš‘ AvqvZwU cÖPwjZ wgjv‡`i ¯^c‡¶
GK kZvskI f‚wgKv iv‡L wb, KviY AvqvZwU wQj nhiZ
Cmvi R‡b¥i BwZnvm gvÎ| m„wói cÖ‡Z¨KwU Rxe-Rš‘i
R‡b¥i myÎ Av‡Q; ¯^Zš‘fv‡e Zv †Kviv‡b †jLv bv _vK‡jI

112

†Kviv‡bi gZB Zv AKvU¨ mZ¨ e‡U! ZvB e‡j Awj‡ZMwj‡Z Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P AvZi †Mvjvc, myMwÜ, divm Avi
A‡_©i wewbg‡q Anin GKRb bexi Rb¥ w`em cvj‡bi
†Kvb Bw½Z Zv‡Z †h †bB, Zviv Zv wb‡RivI Rv‡bb; wKš‘
c~e©er Rbmvavi‡Yi `„wóåg K‡i Zv‡`i ag©e¨emv wUwK‡q
ivLvi Rb¨ †ckv`vix gydwZ Z_v †mŠw` Avie‡K AK_¨
fvlvq MvjvMvj Ki‡ZI K…cYZv K‡ib wb; GgbwK Zv‡`i
†gvmjgvwb‡Z¡i Dci m‡›`n †cvlY K‡i‡Qb|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ wgjv‡`i A_© wK! Drm, ˆewkó¨ Ges Zvi
djvdj wK! †Kb gydwZ A‰ea †NvlYv Ki‡jb! Zv mK‡ji
Rvbv Acwinvh©|
ÔgvIjx`Õ A_© †Kvb e¨w³i Rb¥Kvj, Rb¥¯’vb, Rb¥w`b
Ges R‡b¥vrme, we‡kl K‡i bex nhiZ gyn¤§` [mv] Gi
Rb¥Kvj A‡_© Ôwgjv`Õ k‡ãi e¨envi nq| [`ª: H, c„: 129,
2q LÛ]|
AwaKvsk Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i g‡Z Ôwgjv`Õ Aviwe kã
bq eis cviwk© kã; hvi A_© cÖme, cÖme cÖwµqv, Rb¥ myÎ,
Rb¥ BwZnvm, †hvwb ev R‡b›`ªxq| Z‡e kãwUi Aviwecviwk©i †Zgb †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB e‡U! cÖme cÖwµqv ev Rb¥
BwZnvm ej‡Z bvix-cyi“‡li wgjb †_‡K mš—vb f‚wgô nIqv
ch©š— eySvq|
wgjv`ybœex Abyôv‡b: bex gynv¤§` (m) Gi cÖmeKv‡j
†d‡i¯—vMY AvZzi N‡i Dcw¯’Z nq, Zviv †mLv‡b
mvwie×fv‡e `vuwo‡q _v‡Kb, †KD gv Av‡gbvi j¾v ¯’v‡b
†e‡nw¯— cvLv w`‡q evZvm K‡ib, †KD Zj‡c‡U gvwjk
K‡ib, †KD †e‡n‡¯—i †kªô g` Ôkiveyb ZûivÕ cvb Kivb|
wewe AvwQqv, wewe gwiqg cÖmywZi KvR K‡ib| †hvbxc_
†_‡K †gvnv¤§v‡`i cvÕ `ywU Av‡M †ei nq, †d‡i¯—vMY ZLb
wPrKvi K‡i †k−vMvb †`b: ÔGRnvi Bqv ivQyjvj−vnÕ A_©vr
Ôevwni/cÖKvk nDb, †n Avj−vni ivQyj!Õ AZtci Rg&Rg&
K‚‡ci cvwb G‡b cÖmywZ‡K ‡aŠZ Kiv nq| c¶vš—‡i wfbœ

g‡Z cÖmywZ Ges gv Avwgbvi †hvwbc_ [wgjv`] bvcvK i³,
K`h©nxb cwicvK Ae¯’vqB wQj; [`ª:†evLvix,5g LÛ
AvwRRyj nK;c„:37] †Kvb †Kvb eqv‡b mKj wkïi R‡b¥i
cÖv°v‡j kqZvb †hvwb c‡_ Av½yj w`‡q 7g c`©v †f` K‡i
wkïi Mv‡q ¸‡Zv gv‡i wKš‘ wkï gyn¤§‡`i gvÎ 1 c`©v †f`
K‡i ¸‡Zv gvi‡Z m¶g n‡qwQj! Kv‡iv g‡Z †bvsiv †hvwb
c‡_ gyn¤§‡`i Rb¥ nq wb, n‡q‡Q Ab¨ c‡_, A‡jŠwKKfv‡e
BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw` welqe¯‘ msewjZ wgjv` gvnwd‡ji eqvb
AvR nvRvi ermi hver mgv‡R, MÖvg-M‡Ä cÖPwjZ n‡q
Avm‡Q, Z‡e AvaywbK knix wgjv‡` wKQyUv ms‡kvab I
msw¶ß n‡q G‡m‡Q e‡U! Z‡e Zv cvwikªwg‡Ki m‡½ mgq
g~j¨vq‡bi Kvi‡YI n‡Z cv‡i|
wgjv‡`i Rb¥ BwZnvm:
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡li `„wó‡Z:Ô--Ab¨Zg
wb`k©b †mB M„nLvwb †hLv‡b wZwb fzwgó nb ÔgvIwj`yÕbbvexÕ|--cÖ_g w`‡K GB M„nLvwbi Dci †Zgb ¸i“Z¡
Av‡ivc Kiv nq bvB| nviƒbyÕi ikx‡`i Rbbx Lvqhyivb [g„.
173/789-90] me©cÖ_g GB mvaviY NiLvwb‡K mvjv‡Zi
N‡i iƒcvš—wiZ K‡ib| ag©cÖvY gymwjgMY †hiƒc g`xbvq bex
[m] Gi ivI`v whqvivZ Kwi‡Z hvb, wVK Z`ªƒc Zvnvi
f‚wgó nBevi ¯’v‡b Mgb Kwiqv fw³-kª×v wb‡e`b KiZ
QvIqve nvwmj K‡ib| GBiƒc fw³-kª×v cÖ`k©‡bi †nZz
Kvjµ‡g GB mKj ¯’v‡b h_v‡hvM¨ ¯’vcZ¨ wb`k©b cÖwZwôZ
Kiv nq|--nhiZ [mv] Gi Rb¥w`b‡K cweÎ w`b wnmv‡e
D`&hvcb Kiv m¤ú‡K© wjwLZ weeiY ïi“ nq Zvi eûw`b
c‡i|--GB w`‡b †h GKwU wewkó Drme nBZ hv wQj N‡i
N‡i AbywôZ cvwievwiK Drme nB‡Z ¯^Zš¿; GB Z_¨wU
RbkÖ“wZ‡Z me©cÖ_g g°vq mywew`Z _vKvi K_v wQj, A_P
me©cÖ_g Dnv Rvbv hvq Be‡b Ryevq‡ii wbKU nB‡Z [g„.
614/1217]| wZwb ¯úóZ GKwU cÖ_vi D‡j−L K‡ib, †h

113

cÖ_vwU g°vq eû c~e© nB‡Z cÖPwjZ wQj| GB Drm‡ei
†gŠwjK ˆewk‡ó¨i g‡a¨ wQj †Kej GBUzKz †h, gvIwj`
M„‡n †mB Drm‡ei w`‡b AvMš‘‡Ki msL¨v e„w× nBZ Ges
M„nLvwb †Kej GB Dcj‡¶B mvivw`b mK‡ji Rb¨
we‡klfv‡e Db¥y³ _vwKZ| GB ¯’vb m›`k©b Ges GB
Dcj‡¶ Abyôvbvw` mvgwMÖKfv‡e cÖvPxb gymwjg `i‡ek‡`i
Abym„Z ag©xq c×wZ Abymv‡i Kiv nBZ|
Kvjµ‡g nhiZ [mv] Gi Rb¥ w`em D`hvc‡bi Rb¨
byZbZi ixwZ cÖPwjZ nBj Ges Kvj I ¯’vb‡f‡` mvgvb¨
cv_©K¨ `„k¨ nB‡jI KZK¸wj mvaviY ixwZ-c×wZ‡Z me©Î
GKwU HK¨ cwijw¶Z nq Ges mgwóMZ fv‡e Dnvw`M‡K
ÔgvIwj`yÕb-bvexÕ ejv nq| wgk‡i dvwZgx Avg‡ji
gvSvgvwS Kv‡j Ges †k‡li w`‡K D³ gvIwj`yb-bvex
Drm‡ei c~e©vfvm †`Lv hvq, Iqvhxi Avj-Avd`v‡ji
Avg‡j [487-515/1095-1121]| GKevi ÔgvIqvjx`
PZzóqÕ iwnZ Kiv nq wKš‘ Avevi Aí w`b c‡iB mv‡eK
†MŠi‡ei mwnZ GB gvIqvjx` PZzóq‡K c~bi“w¾exZ Kiv
nq| ZLb Drme Kiv nBZ cwi¯‹vi w`ev‡jv‡K Ges †Kej
bMixi miKvix Kg©Pvixe„›` Ges avwg©K e¨w³MYB Dnv‡Z
Ask MÖnY Kwi‡Z cvwi‡Zb| ZLb cÖv_wgK Drme ewjqv
wKQyB cÖPwjZ wQj bv, Z‡e GKwU wgwQ‡ji cÖ_v wQj A_©vr
MY¨gvb¨ e¨w³MY †kvfvhvÎv mnKv‡i Ljxdvi cÖvmv‡` Mgb
Kwi‡Zb, Lxjdv cÖvmv‡`i eviv›`vq c`©vi Auvov‡j
ewm‡Zb Avi Zvnvi m¤§y‡L Kvq‡ivi wZbRb LvwZe [e³v]
ch©vqµ‡g ag©xq e³…Zv w`‡Zb Ges GB LyZevi mgq GKwU
we‡kl Abyôvb cvjb Kiv nBZ| LyZevi welqe¯‘ nBZ
Drm‡ei Dcj¶wfwËK, wgk‡ii dvwZgx‡`i GB gvIjx`
ïay bex [mv] Gi mwnZ m¤úwK©Z wQj bv; eis nhiZ Avjx,
dvwZgv [iv] ZLbKvi kvmbiZ Lwjdv Z_v Bgvgyj nvw`‡ii
gvIwj`I mgfv‡e D`&hvwcZ nBZ| Bgvgv: gZev‡`i kxqv
bxwZi cÖwZdjb †`Lv hvBZ gvIwj`yj Bgvwgj nvw`i

Drm‡ei wewfbœ AvbyôvwbK wµqvK‡g©| dv‡Zgx‡`i Avgj
ch©š— gvIwj` Rbmvavi‡Yi Drm‡e cwiYZ nq bvB| GB
Kvi‡YB gvK&ixhx Ges Kvj&Kvkv›`xi MÖš’ e¨ZxZ mybœx
mvwn‡Z¨ GB mKj Drm‡ei †Kvb D‡j−L bvB, Ggb wK
Avjx cvkv gyeviv‡Ki b¨vq MÖš’KviMYI Kvq‡iv‡Z AbywôZ
gvIwj‡`i c~Y© HwZnvwmK weeiYx cÖ`vbKv‡j Dnv RbM‡Yi
Abyôvb ewjqv †Kvb K_v e‡jb bvB| gymwjg MÖš’KviMY
gvIwj‡`i Avw` Drm m¤ú‡K© †h HK¨gZ cÖ`vb K‡ib
Zvnv‡Z †`Lv hvq †h, 604/1207 mv‡j Avi&evjv‡Z
gvIwj` Abyôvb me©cÖ_g cÖeZ©b K‡ib myjZvb mvjvûÕ``x‡bi fMœxcwZ Avj-gvwjK gyRvd&dvi“Õ`-`xb †KvK&eyix|
dvwZgxq gvIjx‡`i K_v ZLb cÖvq m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c wem„wZi
AZj Zjvq wbgw¾Z nBqv wMqvwQj| gyRvd&dvi“Õ`-`x‡bi
gvIwj‡`i c~Y© weeiYx †`b wKQy c‡ii cÖvq mgmvgwqK
Be&b Lvwj−Kvb [g„. 681/ 1282]| cieZ©x †jLKMY Zvnvi
weeiYxi Dci wbf©i Kwiqv wbiew”Qbœfv‡e eY©bv w`qv
Avwm‡Z‡Qb|--D³ kvm‡Ki e¨w³Z¡, µz‡mW msNU‡bi
d‡j Zvnvi mg‡q †Mvj‡hvM m„wó Ges Zvnvi
cvwicvwk¦©KZv, hvnvi cÖwZ Be&b Lvwj−Kvb we‡kl g‡bv‡hvM
AvKl©Y K‡ib, GB mKj e¨vcvi GK‡hv‡M Avgv‡`i g‡b
Giƒc aviYvi D‡`ªK K‡i †h, gvIwj` Drm‡ei µgweeZ©‡b
h‡_ó wLª÷vbx cÖfve iwnqv‡Q| Ab¨c‡¶ D³ kvmK mydx
Av‡›`vj‡bi mwnZ Nwbôfv‡e mshy³ wQ‡jb ewjqv Abygvb
Kiv hvq †h, gvIwj‡`i Dci m¤ú~Y© wfbœ cÖK…wZi mydx
cÖfv‡ei m¤¢vebv iwnqv‡Q| gvIwj` Abyôvbvw`i eY©bv
nB‡Z Bnv my¯úó| Drm‡ei c~e© nB‡ZB cÖ¯‘wZ Avi¤¢ nq
Ges `~i `~ivš—i nB‡Z RbmgvMg nq| kvmK ¯^qs we‡kl
j¶¨ iv‡Lb, AvMš‘KMY †hb we‡klfv‡e Kvô Øviv wbwg©Z
mymw¾Z ÔKzÕe&evÕq Ae¯’vb Kwi‡Z cv‡i Ges Zvnvw`M‡K
MxZ-ev`¨ I Ab¨vb¨ Av‡gv`-cÖ‡gv` [Qvqv bvUK,
†fvRevRx BZ¨vw`] Avc¨vwqZ Kiv nq|--cieZ©x iRbx

114

mydx‡`i mvnP‡h© we¯—i †jvKRbmn mvgv Z_v fw³gyjK
m½xZ kªe‡Y AwZevwnZ K‡ib,--BZ¨vw`|--kw³kvjx
mydx Av‡›`vj‡bi djkÖ“wZ‡Z Bnvi cÖmvi jvf nBqv‡Q| GB
cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z GB mZ¨wU fzwjqv hvIqv DwPr b‡n †h, cÖvq
me©hy‡M gymwjg mgv‡R gvIwj‡`i wei“‡× cÖej we‡ivwaZvI
nBqv‡Q| Avi&‡ejvq AbywôZ gvIwj‡`i Avw`Kvj nB‡ZB
GBiƒc we‡ivwaZv Pwj‡Z‡Q| cÖwZc‡¶i g‡Z GB Drme
GKwU Ôwe`&ÕAv:Õ A_©vr beD™¢vweZ cÖ_v Ges mybœv‡Zi †Nvi
wecixZ| GB Drm‡ei Drmvnx mg_©KMYI ¯^xKvi K‡ib
†h, Bnv we`ÕAv:, K‡Vvi wbôvevb mybœvZ AbymvixMY
me©kw³ cÖ‡qv‡M Bnvi cÖwZ‡iva K‡ib| wKš‘ cÖPwjZ cÖ_v
A‡bK †¶‡Î ag©xq Abykvmb‡K QvovBqv hvq| RbM‡Yi
ag©xq Rxe‡b GKevi mycÖwZwôZ Avmb jvf Kwievi Ges
wKQyUv ÔBRgvÕ Gi iƒc cwiMÖn Kwievi ci GB Drme
Kvjµ‡g wKQy msL¨K Avwj‡gi mg_©b jvf K‡i| Dnvi
mg_©bKvwiMY GB we`ÕAvZ‡K bxwZMZfv‡e Ôwe`&ÕAv:
nvmvbv:Õ iƒ‡c ¯^xK…wZ †`b|-- wei“×ev`xM‡Yi hyw³ KZKUv
GBiƒc: gvIwj‡` ev wgjv‡` myÕdx‡`i mvgv, [Mvb] b„Z¨ Ges
fv‡ev”Q¡vmg~jK A‰bmjvwgK wµqvKjv‡ci Rb¨ Zvnv
cwiZ¨vR¨| GK †kªYxi †jvK wgjv‡` Ave„wˇK e¨emviƒ‡c
MÖnY Kwiqv‡Q Ges A‰eafv‡e AÁ RbM‡Yi g‡a¨ Bnvi
cÖmvi e„w×i †Póv Kwi‡Z‡Q| GB D‡Ï‡k¨ Zvnviv
eûmsL¨K AcÖvgvY¨ nvw`m Ges A‡jŠwKK Kvwnbx eY©bv K‡i
hvnv‡Z ivQyj [mv] Gi cÖK…Z mË¡v AjxK Kvwnbxi Auvovj
nBqv c‡o| cÖPvi Kiv nq †h, ivQyj [mv] cÖwZwU wgjv`
gvn&wd‡j Dcw¯’Z nb Ges GB Rb¨ Zvnvi cÖwZ m¤§vb
cÖ`k©bv_© `uvovBqv mg¯^‡i mvjvZ I mvjvggyjK KweZv
Ave„wË Kwi‡Z nB‡e| ms‡¶‡c hvnv‡K ÔwKqvgÕ ejv nq|
GB AbyôvbwU LyeB weZK©gyjK| wgjv` Bmjv‡gi GKwU
Acwinvh© AsM-GBiƒc aviYv mvaviY gvby‡li g‡b e×gyj
Kwiqv †`Iqv †Kvbµ‡gB mgxPxb b‡n, BZ¨Kvi hyw³‡Z

wei“×ev`xiv wgjv‡`i wec‡¶ gZ cÖKvk K‡ib| GB ؇›Øi
m‡e©vrK…ó wjwLZ `wjj Avm&-myqZxi dvZ&Iqv| wZwb
Dnv‡Z Drm‡ei HwZnvwmK NUbvejxi msw¶ß eY©bv `vb
K‡ib, Dnvi LuywUbvwU welq Av‡jvPbv K‡ib Ges
Dcmsnv‡i wm×vš— †NvlYv K‡ib †h, DrmewU we`ÕAv;
nvmvbv: iƒ‡c Aby‡gv`b jv‡fi Dchy³, hw` Dnvi mKj
cÖKvi Ace¨envi cwinvi Kiv nq| Beb& nvRvi AvjnvqZvgx Z`xq gvIwj‡` Ges KzZ&ey`&-`xb GKB gZ †cvlY
K‡ib, wKš‘ AZ¨š— wbôvevb mybœvcš’x gvwjKx BebyÕj-nvR&R
[g„Zz¨:737/1226] Zxeªfv‡e Dnvi wb›`v K‡ib| GB Ø›`¡
Pi‡g †cuŠwQqvwQj Aóg-beg kZ‡K, wKš‘ cieZ©xKv‡jI
GB we‡ivwaZv m¤ú~Y© w¯—wgZ nq bvB; eis Iqvn&nvexM‡Yi
Afz¨`‡qi m‡½ m‡½ GB Abyóvb cybivq beRxeb jvf
K‡i| gvIwj` cÖ_v Iqvn&nvex‡`i gyjbxwZi wLjvd A_©vr
Zvnv‡`i g‡Z LuvwU mybœv: gyZvweK Bmjv‡gi cybi“¾xe‡bi
mwnZ Bnvi we‡iva cÖKU| gvIwj‡`i cÖwZ Zvnv‡`i
mvgwMÖK we‡ivwaZvI GB Kvi‡Y| GB e¨vcv‡i Zvnviv
Zvnv‡`i Av‡›`vj‡bi AMÖ`yZ Pigcš’x nv¤^jx Beb
Zvqwgq¨v; [g„. 728/1328]Gi mybœv: we‡ivax we`&ÕAv‡Zi
wei“‡× DÌvwcZ cÖwZev` Kv‡h© cwiYZ Kwiqv‡Qb gvÎ (Beb
Zvqwgq¨v:; gvIwj` iRbx‡Z ÔLvZ&gv:Õ Abyôv‡bi wei“‡×
dvZ&Iqv [Kvq‡iv 1326, 1L, 312]| Iqvnvwe gZev`
mvaviYfv‡e M„nxZ bv nB‡jI Zvnv‡`i gvIwj` msµvš—
gZev` A`¨ewa we`¨gvb| ¯^bvgab¨ gyn¤§` Ave&`yn
(g„.1905)
cÖwZwôZ
†h
ms¯’vwU‡K'Goldziher
Kulturwahhabismus’ bv‡g AvL¨vwqZ Kwiqv‡Qb †mB
ms¯’vi †jvK‡`i g‡a¨ GBiƒc gZev` we‡klfv‡e cÖPwjZ|
wZwb ÔAvj-gvbviÕ mvgwqKx‡Z `i‡ek cyRvi wei“‡×
mgv‡jvPbv Kwi‡Z wMqv gvIwj‡`iI wb›`v K‡ib--|Ó [`ª:
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, c„: 129-30]
wek¦‡Kv‡li Dwj−wLZ BwZnv‡m Rvbv hvq †h, wgjv`

115

gvnwd‡ji myÎcvZ nq gnvbexi cÖmywZ KzwUi‡K †K›`ª K‡i|
Kvev Ni‡K †K›`ª K‡i †hgb Avš—R©vwZK Abyôvb nq, we‡k¦i
mKj †`‡ki AvMÖnx RbMY †mLv‡b mg‡eZ n‡q n¾ cvjb
K‡ib, gw`bvq ivQy‡ji iIRv †gveviK‡K †K›`ª K‡i gvbyl
†hgb †mLv‡b mg‡eZ nq, Z`ª“c Zvi Rb¥ KzwUi‡K †K›`ª
K‡iB wgjv` gvnwd‡ji cÖavb j¶¨ wQj Ges Bnvi D‡`¨v³v
Ljxdv nvi“b-Ai-ikx‡`i gvZv Ges cÖwmw× jvf K‡i
mydxev‡`i ej cÖ‡qvM cÖ‡Póvq, hv‡`i AwaKvskB kxqv
m¤cÖ`vqf‚³ wQ‡jb| mybœx‡`i `„wó‡Z Zviv h_vh_
†gvm‡jg bq e‡j mybœxMY bxwZMZfv‡e G Abyôv‡bi †Nvi
we‡ivax wQ‡jb, AvRI Av‡Q, wKš‘ RMvwLPzix n‡q|
Z_vwc G Abyôvb Kvjµ‡g mybœx mgv‡R, †`‡k †`‡k
Ges N‡i N‡i D`hvc‡bi †nZz e¨emvqxK ¯^v_© Qvov Ab¨
†Kvb hyw³ Luy‡R cvIqv hvq bv| KviY ivQyj wb‡R K‡ib wb,
Kivi wb‡`©kI †`b wb weavq Pvi LjxdvMYI K‡ib wb|
Avi wZj cwigvY mIqv‡ei Avkv _vK‡j gnvbex
†gvmjgvb‡`i‡K Aek¨B wbivk Ki‡Zb bv|
Rxe ev gvbyl gvÎB fM-evb avix; Rb¥ I †hvwb msµvš—
welq-Avmq mK‡jB cwiÁvZ Ges RwoZ| ZeyI welqUv
mK‡ji Kv‡QB Ak−xj, Mwn©Z Z_v †NviZi j¾vRbK
welq e‡j KvÛÁvb K‡i _v‡Kb| GgbwK cï‡`iI H
A½wU cÖvK…wZKfv‡eB c`©vbkxj _v‡K| GgbwK Zv‡`i
cÖmeKv‡jI †Mvcb I wbivc` GKUz RvqMv †Luv‡R|
kwiq‡Zi cwifvlvq H †Mvcb A½wU Ges Zvi e¨envwiK
welq-Avmq K_vq Kv‡R, fv‡e, fvlvq I Bw½‡Z cÖKvk
Kiv †NviZi Ak−xj I Mwn©Z KvR e‡j GwKb Kiv nq|
c¶vš—‡i GKRb bexi cÖme cÖwµqvi wPθwj R‡b¥vrm‡ei
[wgjv`] bv‡g mviv we‡k¦ N‡i evB‡i †hfv‡e eqvb Kiv nq
Zv‡Z Bmjvg a‡g©i ˆewkó¨ †R‡b-ï‡bB KvíwbK
mIqv‡ei Avkvq Anin Ges cÖKv‡k¨ c``wjZ Kiv nq|
Kcvj fv‡jv †h, wbixn RbmvaviY wgjv‡`i D`©~-Aviex

eqv‡bi A_© Rv‡b bv, wgjv` A_© wK! ZvI Rv‡b bv e‡jB
i¶v|
bexi Rb¥, eQ‡ii GKwU wbw`©ó w`b-Zvwi‡L Ges
AwaKvsk gymwjg †`‡k H w`bwU cvjbI Kiv nq| Z_vwc
w`b †bB, ivZ †bB, ¯’vb-Kvj-cv‡Îi †f` †bB, wkï
R‡b¥, Agy‡Ki g„Zz¨‡Z bexi R‡b¥vrme cvjb! KkvBi
†`vKvb, Ry‡Zvi †`vKvb, g‡`i †`vKvb, ûwÛ-my‡`i
†`vKvb D‡Øva‡b bexi cÖm‡evrme cvjb! bZzb evwo
D‡Øva‡b, Nyl cÖ‡qv‡M wg_¨v mv¶xi gvgjv-†gvKÏgvq Rq,
cix¶v cv‡k, k‡eeivZ, k‡eK`i, AvwKKvq, we‡q,
†ivRvq, C‡`, c‡`vbœwZ‡Z, †ivM gyw³‡Z, gvRv‡igvRv‡i, LvRvevevi KwíZ bKj gvRv‡i, wj½ KZ©‡b
hveZxq my I Kz-Kg© ïi“‡Z bexi cÖm‡evrme ev Rb¥ w`em
cÖwZ w`b, cÖwZ gyû‡Z© cvwjZ n‡”Q! c¶vš—‡i cxi †Kejvi
ev Avcb cÖm‡evrme eQ‡i GKev‡ii †ewk cvjb Ki‡j
mgv‡R weZwK©Z I wbw›`Z nq, wKš‘ bexi †ejv cÖkswmZ
nq! cÖMwZkxj mgv‡R G‡nb ee©iZvi bwRi Ab¨ †Kvb a‡g©
Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| wn›`y‡`i 12 gv‡m 13 cve©‡b
eªvþ‡Yi e¨emvi cÖmvi N‡U gvÎ| wbixn RbmvaviY
AvbygvwbK, KvíwbK †e‡n¯—, e¨emvi DbœwZ I cvc
LÛ‡bi †jv‡f KóvwR©Z A_© nvivq| bexi Idv‡Zi 14kZ
ermi cvi nIqvi c‡iI cÖm‡evrm‡e cwVZ nq, ÔGRnvi
Bqv ivQyjvj−vnÕ A_©vr gv Av‡gbvi ¸ßv½ †_‡K AvswkK
cÖmyZ wkï gynv¤§`‡K cÖKvk nIqvi ev †ei n‡q Avmvi
Av‡`k ev Aby‡iva Kiv nq! GwK ZvÛe jxjv-†Ljv! GwK
ee©iZv Pj‡Q †Qvqv‡ei bv‡g, a‡g©i bv‡g! †mŠw` Avi‡e
wgjv` co‡j Zvi kvw¯— †eÎNvZ †Kb! †Kb gydwZ Dnv
Kzdzix †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb, Zv wKQyUv n‡jI cwi¯‹vi e‡U! GB
e¨emv DˇivËi cÖmvi K‡í j¶ j¶ †Qvqv‡ei †jvf
†`Lv‡bv nq, GgbwK ivQyj cÖm‡evrm‡e nvwRi _v‡Kb e‡j
†kªôZg AvmbLvwb‡Z gLg‡ji Zzj-Zz‡j Mw` †c‡Z

116

iv‡Lb! hv‡Z gnvbexi cvQv †gvevi‡Ki wZjUzKzI `ytL bv
cvb! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Awj‡Z-Mwj‡Z LvRv evevi KwíZ
gvRvi Abyôv‡bI Abyiƒc AvKl©Y m„wó Kiv nq| wgjv‡`i
`vIqvZ †c‡jB Avi K_v †bB, RvgvZ bvgv‡Ri diR Kg©
KvRv K‡i nvwRi nB gnvbexi KwíZ cÖme Abyôv‡b, `y‡Uv
evowZ Av‡qi Avkvq| ejv nq `i-`vg Klv-Kwl K‡i ev
†P‡q †Zv Avi †bB bv! wKš‘ wel ev nvivg †P‡q †L‡j †h
dj, bv †P‡q †L‡jI ‡mB dj; GB mvaviY Ávb _vKv
m‡Ë¡I hyw³nxb hyw³i AeZviYv K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i AvR
cqmv bv w`‡j Kvj Avm‡eb wK bv m‡›`n|
AZGe †mŠw` gydwZi wgjv` m¤^wÜq d‡Zvqvq hviv
wØ-gZ †cvlY K‡ib, Zv‡`i bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`Lv DwPr
Ges †Kviv‡bi KwVb wb‡`©k ¯§iY ivLv DwPr: BËv‡eD
gvj−v-Bqvm-AvjyKzg
AR¡ivD
Aû¤§yg
gynZv`yb
[36:Bqvmxb-21] A_©: AbymiY Ki Zv‡`i hviv ag©-K‡g©i
wewbgq gRyix MÖnY K‡i bv Ges mrc_ cÖvß|
†Kviv‡b R‡b¥vrme cvj‡bi †Kvb Av‡`k ev wb‡la
†bB| AZGe †h †KD, wb‡Ri ev A‡b¨i R‡b¥vrme
eQ‡ii wbw`©ó w`‡b ¯^Ztd‚Z©fv‡e cvjb Ki‡Z cv‡i ˆe
wK! hw` Zv D™¢U, wg_¨v, cÖ‡jvfb I Ak−xj AvcwËKi
eqvb, Aev¯—e I KwíZ †Qvqv‡ei cÖ‡jvfb ev
†ckvwfwËK bv nq Ges e¨w³ I mgvR‡K weåvš— bv K‡i|
*
45 kÕ‡e eivZ
evK¨wU cvikx-Aviex wgwkªZ| cvikx kÕ‡e A_© ivZ Ges
Aviex eivZ A_© fvM¨ A_©vr ÔfvM¨ iRbxÕ Ab¨ K_vq
ZM`xi iRbx ev Lvm Aviex‡Z ÔjvBjvZzj eivZÕ Ges
gZvš—‡i ÔjvBjvZzj K`iÕI ejv nq| A_©vr aviYv Kiv nq
†h, Avj−vn cÖwZ ermi †d‡i¯—v‡`i wb‡q ev‡RU m‡¤§jb

K‡ib Ges KvbœvKvwU, AvnvRvwi, mycvwik Ges `vbLqiv‡Zi Abycv‡Z cÖwZwU †gvmjgv‡bi fvM¨ wj‡Lb;
AZtci †mB ev‡RU Abycv‡Z ciewZ© ermi ¸Rvi
K‡ib| GB fvM¨ AbyôvbwU eZ©gvb Kw_Z ZvejxM Rvgv‡Zi
gZB †KvivwbK `wjj cÖgvbnxb GKwU Abyóvb hvÕ ‡NvwlZI
bq A‡NvwlZI bq|
cÖm½µ‡g GLv‡bB ejv `iKvi †h, kwiqZ ÔAv‡LiÕ
k‡ãi A_© K‡i Rxe‡bi †kl A_©vr g„Zz¨i c‡ii Ae¯’v|
wKš‘ GB ZejxM RvgvZ cÖwZ ermiB Av‡Lix †gvbvRvZ
A_©vr †kl †gvbvRvZ ev g„Zz¨i c‡ii †gvbvRvZ K‡i
_v‡Kb; wKš‘ †kl ej‡jI †Kvb ermiB Dnv †kl nq bv;
AvDqvj, Rv‡ni, ev‡Zb †Kvb Kv‡jB †gvbvRv‡Zi dj
cÖvß n‡q‡Q e‡j Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB| AbyôvbwU Invex mybœx
`‡ji †e`vZ Abyôvb e‡j GwR`-gviIqvbx Aewkó
mybœxMY H Abyôv‡bi mg_©b bv Ki‡jI we‡kl we‡kl MY¨gvb¨ e¨w³MY Dcw¯’Z _v‡Kb gvÎ wbe©vP‡b †fvU nvivevi
f‡q; Avi Invex wei“× Rvgv‡Z Bmjvg `jwUi cÖavbMY
KLbI H Abyôv‡b †hvM`vb K‡ib bv Ges ‡fvU nvivevi
GKB Kvi‡Y cÖwZev`I K‡ib bv|
kwiqZ BnvI wek¦vm K‡i †h R‡b¥i mgq ev Av‡MB
wba©vwiZ fvM¨ wb‡q wkïi Rb¥ nq| cÖgvb ¯^iƒc wbæ ewY©Z
gvby‡li Rb¨ Akx−j I Avj−vni Rb¨ ¸i“Zi Kj¼ RwoZ
nvw`mwU AZxe j¶bxq:
Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z Av‡Q, bex e‡j‡Qb, Avj−vn
cÖ‡Z¨K Mf©vk‡qi ch©‡e¶‡Yi Rb¨ [Mf©vav‡i]GKRb
†d‡ikZv wb‡qvwRZ iv‡Lb| [†mB †d‡ikZv Mf©RvZ mš—vb
m¤ú‡K© ¯^xq KZ©‡e¨i wb‡`©k jIqvi Rb¨ cÖ‡Z¨K ¯—‡ii
msev` Avj−vni mgx‡c D‡j−L Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| cÖ_g Pwj−k
w`b hLb Dnv exh©vKv‡i _v‡K ZLb] H †d‡ikZv ej‡Z
_v‡Kb, †n c‡ivqvi †`Mvi! GLbI exh©vKv‡i Av‡Q|
AZtci [hLb i³wcÛ nq, ZLb †d‡ikZv e‡j _v‡Kb] †n

117

ciIqvi‡`Mvi! GLb i³wcÛ n‡q‡Q| AZtci [gvsmwcÛ
n‡j] e‡jb, †n ciIqvi‡`Mvi! GLb gvsmwc‡Û cwiYZ
n‡q‡Q| AZtci hw` H gvsmwcÛ‡K Avj−vn gvbyliƒ‡c
cwiYZ Kivi B”Qv K‡ib [Ges †d‡ikZv †mB m¤ú‡K©
Avw`ó nb] Z‡e †d‡ikZv Avih K‡ib, †n
ciIqvi‡`Mvi! cyi“l n‡e bv ¯¿x? e`eL&Z n‡e bv
†bKeL&Z Ges wRÁvmv K‡ib, Zvi Rb¨ wK [cwigvY I
cÖKvi] wiwhK wba©vwiZ n‡e? Zvi eqm KZ wba©vwiZ n‡e?
Giƒ‡c gvbyl gvZ…M‡f© _vKve¯’vqB [Zvi cÖwZwU welq Avj−vn
Av‡`k Abymv‡i] wjwLZ n‡q hvq| [`ª: †evLvix, 3q L.
AvwR. nK; nv. bs-1587, c„: 278; Av‡iv †`Lyb: 1586]
Avj−vni Rb¨ Kj¼ e‡jwQ GRb¨ †h, nvw`‡m cÖgvb †h,
Avj−vn †d‡ikZvi LeivLei Qvov Mf©vk‡qi ch©vqµg
m¤^‡Ü m¤ú~Y© AÁ _v‡Kb! A_P ‡Kvivb †Nvlbv K‡i :
1
A‡jK¡y‡j−--Bqvgvjyb| [6: AvbAvg-132]
A_©: cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Kg© Abyhvqx †m dj †fvM
K‡i--|
2
RvwjKv †eAvbœv--Avjxg| [8:Avbdvj-53]
Bnv GRb¨ †h hw` †Kvb RvwZ wb‡R‡`i Ae¯’vi
cwieZ©b bv K‡i Z‡e Avj−vn Ggb b‡nb ‡h,
wZwb Dnv‡`i †h m¤ú` w`‡q‡Qb Zv wZwb
cwieZ©b Ki‡eb|
3
Bbœvj−vnv--‡e Avbdz‡Qwng| [14:ivÔ`-11]
A_©: Avj−vn †Kvb RvwZi Ae¯’vi [fvM¨]
cwieZ©b K‡ib bv hZ¶Y Dnviv wb‡R‡`i
Ae¯’v [fvM¨] wb‡Riv cwieZ©b bv K‡i|
Ô¯^ ¯^ Kg© Abyhvqx dj cÖ`vb Kiv n‡eÕ GZwØlq †Kviv‡b
AmsL¨ AvqvZ Av‡Q | gnvbexi 22 ermi Ges †Lvjvdv‡q
iv‡kØx‡bi 35 erm‡ii g‡a¨ GKwU w`bI Zviv kÕ‡e eivZ
cvjY K‡ib wb| Z_vwc ‡K! †Kb! KLb! wKfv‡e Kw_Z
fvM¨ iRbxi myPYv K‡ib Zvi †Kvb BwZnvm cvIqv hvq

bv| BwZnvm e‡j gynv¤§` [mv] bex nIqvi c~e© ch©š— †niv
ce©‡Zi ¸nvq erm‡ii †Kvb GKwU gv‡m Avie‡`i
cwiwPZ ÔZvnvbœZÕ bvgK Ava¨vwZ¥K mvabv Ki‡Zb| gv‡mi
†k‡l wewe Lvw`Rv ‡KŠZznjx `j-ej wb‡q ¯^vgx‡K Af¨_©bv
Rvwb‡q evwo wb‡q Avm‡Zb Ges c‡_ Mixe `ytLx I
m½x‡`i g‡a¨ i“wU-i“wR weZiY Ki‡Zb| [`ª: Ôgyn¤§`Õ gnv
bexi Rxebx; ‡jLK; K¨v‡ib Avg©óªs; Abyev`: kIKZ
†nv‡mb; c„: 93]
Dwj−wLZ wKwÂr BwZnvm Ges `j-Dc`jxq KwZcq nvw`m
Qvov Avi †Kvb `wjj cÖgvb †bB| AviI Zv¾‡ei welq
‡h, miKvix QywU †Nvlbvmn cÖavbZt evsjv‡`k, m¤¢eZt
fviZ I cvwK¯’v‡bi wKQy wKQy †gvmjgvb Qvov Avie
†`kmn gymwjg we‡k¦ cvjY Kiv †Zv `~‡ii K_v! kÕ‡e
eivZ wK! ZvBB Zviv Rv‡b bv; hw`I Invex‡`i Av‡Lix
†gvbvRvZ m¤^‡Ü †ewk Kg Zv‡`i Rvbv Av‡Q| Avj−vn‡K
†`Lv hvh bv wKš‘ †gvmjgvbMY bex‡K †`‡L‡Q, †Kvivb
‡`‡L‡Q, †d‡ikZv †`‡L‡Q (!) wKš‘ kqZvb‡K ‡hgb
†`‡Lwb †Zgb kÕ‡e eiv‡Zi myPYvKvix‡KI KLbI
†`‡Lwb|
nvw`‡m Kw_Z nq †h, eQi eQi fvM¨ wjwLZ nq Ges †m
Abymv‡iB †gvmjgv‡bi msmvi RxeY PvwjZ nq e‡jB
mvaviYZt Avgiv Kg© weg~L Ajm, ‡fvMev`x Ges cic`‡jnx|
mvaviY gvbyl †Kb fv‡e bv †h, Ab¨ †Kvb RvwZi fvM¨
iRbxi Dci wek¦vm †bB; Zviv ZvÕ cvjY K‡i bv, KvbœvKvwU, AvnvRvix, `vb-LqivZI K‡i bv ZeyI Zv‡`i fv‡M¨
GZ Ávb, GZ kw³ GZ cÖvPzh¨© †Kvb& Avj−vn wj‡L †`q Ges
†Kb? fvM¨ iRbx‡Z Dcw¯’Z †_‡K, AKvZ‡i `vb-LqivZ
[Nyl] K‡iI †KbB ev Zv‡`i LvZvq Agymwjg‡`i c`‡jnb
Ki‡Z ‡jLv nq ?
*

118

46 kÕ‡e K`i
Bnv‡K Aviex‡Z ÔjvBjvZzj eivZÕI ejv nq| ÔjvBjÕ
A_©: ivZ, ke©ix, AÜKvi ev ee©iZv A_©vr Rvwnwjqv ev
Ae¶‡qi hyM ejv hvq; jvBj ev AÜKvi‡K ب_©‡evaK ev
i“cK †Kvb A‡_©B Kz Qvov my A‡_© cÖavbZt e¨eüZ nq bv|
K`i k‡ã: †kªó, gnvb, kw³, m‡e©vP¨, wefrm Agvwbkv,
Øya©l©, Pzovš— , Pig BZ¨vw` my ev Kz †h †Kvb †`vl-¸‡Yi
m‡eŸ©vP¨ ch©vq ev Ae¯’v eySvq|
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm †h, 7g Avmgv‡bi D‡×© emevm iZ
Avj−vn k‡e eivZ, gZvš—‡i k‡e K`‡ii iv‡Z 4 Rb
†d‡i¯—vi Kuv‡a P‡o 1g gZvš—‡i 2q Avmgv‡b G‡m PxrKvi
K‡i ej‡Z _v‡Kb †h, ÔI‡n ! Avgvi ev›`v! †K Av‡Qv
Avgvi ¶gv †bqvi Rb¨!Õ (`ª: nvw`m)|
kwiqZ k‡e eivZ I k‡e K`i welq `yÕwU wb‡q AvRI
wm×vš—nxbZvq fyM‡Q; KLbI KLbI H `yÕ‡Uv‡K w`bZvwiL †f‡` GK K‡i †d‡jb| Z‡e cv_©K¨ Ki‡Z PvB‡j
GUzKz cvIqv hvq †h, k‡e eivi iv‡Z Z`exi-mycvwik
Abycv‡Z mviv eQ‡ii fvM¨ wjLv nq; c¶vš—‡i AvbygvwbK
gvÎ 40 w`‡bi gv_vq (k‡e eivZ †_‡K k‡e K`‡ii `~iZ¡
35 †_‡K 40 w`b) Avj−vni wjwLZ ALÛbxq fv‡M¨i
wei“‡× Kw_Z k‡e K`‡ii iv‡Z k‡e eiv‡Zi wjLb (!)
cybivq gy³ n‡¯— `vb (Nyl!), mycvwik, bb& fv‡qv‡jmb
(bxie )msMÖvg, Avj−vni Ni gmwR` †NivI, Abkb ev
Zvq-Z`exi K‡i AcQ›`bxq wjLb gy‡Q †djvi KvíwbK
Ac‡Póv gvÎ| Ab¨ w`‡K GI wek¦vm K‡i †h, Rb¥¶‡YB
g„Zz¨ ch©š— wkïi fvM¨ ev ZM`xi wba©vib K‡i †`qv nq, hv
ALÛbxq! kwiq‡Zi GB wÎg~Lx wek¦v‡mi mvgwMÖK cwiYwZ
`vovq: L„óvb‡`i GKwU Dc-`‡ji gZB Bmjvgx (!)
kwiqZ wÎZ¡ev‡`i aviK I evnK! A_©vr:

1g: Avj−vn R‡b¥i mgqB fvM¨ wj‡Lb|
2q: Avj−vn k‡e eiv‡Z fvM¨ wj‡Lb|
3q: Avj−vn k‡e K`‡i fvM¨ wj‡Lb ev ms‡kvab
K‡ib|
GKK Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vmx n‡j GB ˆÎ wek¦vm Kzdzix I †k‡iKx
e‡jB g‡b nq| KviY GKK Avj−vni c‡¶ GKB Kv‡Ri
3wU w`b hyw³m½Z bq| kwiqZ cÖK…Zc‡¶B †h gymwjg
RvwZ‡K weåvš— K‡i‡Q Zvi 99 fvM cÖgv‡bi g‡a¨ BnvI
Ab¨Zg| cÖK…Z gymwjgZ¡ eRvq ivL‡Z PvB‡j Aek¨B H
wÎZ¡ wek¦vm Awej‡¤^ cÖZ¨vnv‡ii †Nvlbv ev †Zvev Kiv
DwPr|
mgvR Z_v †`k hLb AvBb-k„sL¨jv, b¨vq-bxwZ BZ¨vw`i
mvwe©K Ae¶q N‡U ZLb kvwš— cÖwZôvi j‡¶¨ †kl Dcvq
wnmv‡e mvavibZt Ôgvk©vj jÕ Rvwi Kiv nq| ewnt kw³
†_‡K Akvwš— NUvi AvksKvq AvZ¥i¶vi Rb¨ ch©vß
Lv`¨,emª I evm¯’vb w`‡q †d‡i¯—vmg GKcvj hy×evR
(‰mb¨) cvwjZ nq| Avš— kvwš—i Pig Ae¶q I wech©q
‡iv‡a eva¨ n‡q GivB hLb †`‡ki Awj-Mwj, Avbv‡P
Kvbv‡Pi mKj wbqš¿Y ejer K‡i ZLb Ab¨vqKvix, kV&,
ayi›`i †fvM-wejvmx‡`i cvBKvix nv‡i ai-cvKo K‡i
Zwor wePvi wb®úwË K‡i mgv‡R cÖkvwš— Av‡jvi/(†fvi
nIqv ch©š—) cybtmyPYv Kiv nq| d‡j GK `‡ji Dci †b‡g
Av‡m Pig Awfkvc, nvûZvm Avi wbixn mvavi‡Yi Dci
ewl©Z nq kvwš—| bex-ivQyj‡`i AvMgY N‡U AweKj H
GKB Kvi‡Y; †Kviv‡b hvi fywi fywi cÖgvb cvIqv qvq|
Avj−vn‡K ¯^xKvi/A¯^xKvi K‡iI hw` †`k ev gvbe mgvR
cÖavbZt †gŠwjK `vwqZ¡-KZ©e¨ Ges †fvM-wejv‡m †cU I
wc‡Vi mgvwaKv‡i wg‡j-wg‡k kvwš—c~Y©fv‡e emevm Ki‡Zv
Z‡e bex ivQyj Avmvi cÖ‡qvR n‡Zv bv| Avi Zvjv-Pvwe I
†evgv-evi“‡`iI Avwe¯‹vi n‡Zv bv| wKš‘ Zv Kw®§YKv‡jI
nevi bq| KviY gbyl¨RvZ mvc-mwik„c, †cvKv-gvKo

119

†_‡K ïIi evb‡ii i‡³i DËivwaKvix my‡Î weewZ©Z †kªó
RvwZ (BfwjDmb w_Iix)| G Rv‡Zi †`n gv_vq wcQ‡bi
hvewZq cï-cw¶i i³ I PwiÎ weØgvb †nZz ¶‡Y ¶‡Y GK
GKwU Avw` PwiÎB gv_v Pvov w`‡q D‡V| Kv‡j f‡`ª evsjvcvK-fviZ Dcgnv‡`kxq Awkw¶Z KzKz‡ii PwiÎB wkw¶Z
wek¦ Ry‡o we¯—vi jvf K‡i‡Q|
gnv cyi“l,gnv gvbe‡`i Avwef©ve nq †`k Z_v RvwZi Pig
Ae¶q I wech©‡qi mwܶ‡Y|
Pig AÜKvi hy‡M, Pzovš— ee©iZvi hy‡M, a¨vb-aviYv,
AvBb-ïsL¨jvi mvwe©K Ae¶q, AebwZi hy‡M ‡gvnv¤§`
(mv) I gwngvwš^Z †Kvivb bvwRj n‡q‡Q| G‡Z Kv‡iv
wØg‡Zi AeKvk †bB| †Kvivb Z_v Awn iv‡Z wKsev w`‡b
bvwRj nIqvi wcQ‡b †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB, ¸i“ inm¨I
wbwnZ †bB| ivZ wKsev Mfxi AÜKv‡i gvbyl wK Pvq? Pvq
gyw³, Pvq Av‡jv, Ávb! Pvq kvwš—, wbivcËv! hv 14k ermi
c~‡e©B †`qv n‡q‡Q| AZGe cÖK…Z Ávbx ag©fxi“‡`i DwPr
wekvj ü`q wb‡q Qyiv K¡v`i m¤^‡Ü Mfxi M‡elYv Kiv|
Rbve ‡evLvixMY e‡jb:
nvw`mwU c~‡e©I ewY©Z n‡q‡Q,cvVK‡`i myweavi Rb¨ cybt
ms‡¶‡c †`qv n‡jv:
GK`v nhiZ gynv¤§` (mv) jvBjvZzj K`i m¤^‡Ü ÁZ
Kivevi Rb¨ †ei n‡jb| cw_g‡a¨ `yÕRb †gvm‡jg SMov
KiwQj ZLb ivQyjvj−vn (mv) Qvnvwe‡`i j¶¨ K‡i ej‡jb,
ÔAvwg jvBjvZzj K`i m¤^‡Ü †Zvgvw`M‡K ÁvZ Kivevi
Rb¨ AvmwQjvg wKš‘ AgyK e¨w³Øq SMov Kivq Avgvi
wbKU †_‡K †mB Awn DwV‡q jIqv n‡q‡Q Ges cybivq
wdwi‡q †`qv nq wb|Õ G K_v ï‡b QvnvexMY AbyZß n‡jb|
ZvB ivQyj (mv) ej‡jb, Ô‡mB Gj&g wdwi‡q †`qv nqwb
mZ¨ wKš‘ (K`‡ii wbw`©ó ZvwiL) GB ïf iZœ I eiKZ
n‡Z eZ©gv‡b ewÂZ n‡Z n‡jI AvMvgx‡Z mZK© n‡q Pj‡j
Avj−vni ingZ cÖvß n‡q DbœwZi I DשMwZi Dcvq I c_

†c‡Z cvi| mK‡j igRv‡bi 25, 27, 29 ZvwiK iv‡Î
jvBjvZzj A‡š^lY Ki|-- Dnvi ga¨ †_‡KB †Kvb GKwU
ivZ jvBjvZzj K`i n‡e|Õ [`ª; †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR:
nK, c„: 62]
we‡kl K‡i mybœx †gvm‡jgMY Dwj−wLZ nvw`mwUi Dci
AMva wek¦vm †i‡L wbw`©ó ivZwU cvIqvi Rb¨ AvR cÖvq
†`o nvRvi eQi hver †Póv K‡i hv‡”Qb| kwiq‡Zi g‡Z
KZ AvDwjqv, MvDm, KzZze, cxi, gydwZ, Avj−vgv,
†gvRv‡Ï`mn we‡k¦i †KvwU †KvwU bvix-cyi“l hyM hyM a‡i
AvgiY †Póv K‡i Ki‡Qb! iv‡Zi ci ivZ †R‡M †R‡M
KZ KvbœvKwU, AvnvRvix, mvab-fRb, `vb-LqivZ K‡iI
A`¨vewa gvÎ 3wU iv‡Zi ga¨ †_‡K GKwU ivZ D×vi Kiv
m¤¢e nqwb! c¶vš—‡i ivZwUi Rvbv cwiPq †bB, A_P
Dnvi dwRjZ m¤^‡Ü eQi eQi wbw`©ó gImy‡g eB cy¯—K I
cwÎKv¸‡jv‡Z eo eo Av‡jg Aa¨vcK, cxi-gyiwk`MY
Ggb `i` w`‡q †j‡Lb, co‡j g‡b nq †hb Zviv mivmwi
Awn cÖvß n‡qB †j‡Lb|
nvw`mwUi Av‡jv‡K hLb `yÕRb †gvm‡jg Z_v mvnvevi
ci¯úi SMovi Kvi‡Y ¯^qs Avj−vn †Mvm¨v n‡q wek¦ gvbe
Kj¨v‡Yi wbwg‡Ë cÖ`Ë¡ AwnwU bexi KvQ †_‡K wQwb‡q
wb‡jb! Avi †dir w`‡jb bv! ZLb gnv Kwe bRRi“j
Bmjv‡gi evbxwU g‡b c‡o: ÔAvwUqv Mv‡Q gvijvg Zxi/
†PvL †M‡jv R¨vVvi|Õ Avi ‡dir w`‡eb bv e‡jB Zvi
wm×v‡š— AUj _K‡jb! c¶vš—‡i †mwU D×vi Kivi Rb¨
Avj−vni bex Abygv‡bi Dci wfwË K‡i 3wU ZvwiK e‡j
w`‡jb! A_P †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i †h, Ôbex Abygvb K‡i
†Kvb K_v e‡jb bv|Õ ZeyI †Kviv‡bi wei“‡× †evLvix‡`i
Dci Cgvb G‡b AvR cÖvq †`o nvRvi eQi hver wewjqY
wewjqY †gvQjgvb AKv¬š— cwikªg K‡i Pj‡Qb, wKš‘ AvRI
Zv D×vi Kiv m¤¢e nqwb! ejvevûj¨ †h, mvM‡i GKwU myP
co‡j ev `k nvRvi ermi c~‡e©i GKwU wbw`©ó NUbvi w`b

120

ZvwiK D×vi Kiv m¤¢e|
G‡Z m‡›`n nq ‡h, Avj−vn Av‡iv AwaK e¨vRvi nb wK bv|
KviY w`bwU D×vi Kivi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i †Póv PwiZ, `vex`vIqv¸wj Avj−vni wm×v‡š—i wei“‡×B ‡Zv e‡U! Avi
fwel¨‡Z nq‡Zv ev hw` KLbI †dir w`‡Z m¤§Z nb, Z‡e
Zv †Kvb bexi gva¨g Qvov ‡dir w`‡eb wKfv‡e! wKš‘ †m
c_ I gZ& kwiqZ wPiZ‡i eÜ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| ÔGB ‡kl
bex, bex Avi Avm‡eb bvÕ †k−MvbwU wek¦ e¨vcx cÖPvi I
cÖwZôv Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Qb| Avi ZvB wb‡Riv Ôbv‡q‡e
bexÕ A_©vr bexi †m‡µUvix †LZve aviY K‡i‡Qb| Z`yvcwi
Zv‡`i m‡›`n I fq Kv‡Uwb e‡jB ÔLZ‡g beyqvZÕ KwgwU
K‡i Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb| bex Avmvi m‡½ m‡½
A¯^xKvi Ki‡ev, Zxeª cªwZev` Ki‡ev, `iKvi g‡Z nZ¨v
Ki‡ev| AZx‡Zi BwZnvm †_‡K ‡m wk¶v Avgv‡`i RvbvB
Av‡Q|
‡h KwíZ Qvnvev `yÕR‡bi SMovi Kvi‡Y AvR wek¦
gymwjg mgvR gnviZœ †_‡K wPi ewÂZ, jvwÂZ! †m Qvnvev
`yÕR‡bi bvg wK! wVKvbv wK! wK wb‡q SMov K‡iwQ‡jb!
esk wQjwQjvq eZ©gv‡b Kviv †eu‡P Av‡Qb! G mKj Z_¨vw`
msMÖ‡n kwiq‡Zi bxie fywgKv ev Awbnv inm¨RbK e‡U!
c¶vš—‡i Zmwjgv bvmwib †Kv_vq _v‡Kb, †Kv_vq Nygvb,
Zvi KZ Rb cyi“l-bvix eÜz evÜex Av‡Qb †m me Z_¨
Zviv gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B e‡j w`‡Z cv‡ib|
Gev‡i cybt j¶bxq †Kviv‡bi †Nvlbv:
gv-bvbQvL wgb-- K¡w`i ( 2: evKviv-106)| A_©:
Avwg †Kvb AvqvZ iwnZ Ki‡j ev fywj‡q w`‡j, Z`
A‡c¶v DËg ev Zvi mgZzj¨ AvqvZ cÖ`vb Kwi--|
‡Kvivb AviI e‡j †h, Ômy I Kz `yÕ†Uv ¶gZv Ges
cÖ‡qv‡Mi ¯^vwabZv w`‡qB gvbyl‡K m„wó Kiv nq; ¯^ ¯^
Kg© Abyhvqx Dnvi dj cÖvß nq, †h wb‡Ri fvM¨ wb‡R
cwieZ©‡bi †Póv K‡i bv,Avj−vnI Zvi fvM¨ cwieZ©b

K‡ib bv| w`b †bB ivZ †bB, †h †Kvb mgq Ges hv‡K
B”Qv Zv‡KB wZwb ¶gv K‡ib ev K‡ib bv|
GmKj Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y kwiq‡Zi Kw_Z k‡e eivZ
I k‡e K`‡ii †KvbB Aw¯—Z¡ Av‡Q e‡j cÖgvb Kivi
¶gZv Kv‡iv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
‡Kivb AviI e‡j †h, Avj−vn-ivQyj wg_¨~K bb; c¶vš—
‡i kwiqZ e‡j, Ônu¨v Zv mZ¨ e‡U! wKš‘ Bgvg
†evLvixMYI wg_y¨K bb|Õ
*
47 k‡e †gÕivR
cvikx kã ÔkeÕ Gi A_©: ivÎ ev AÜKvi; Aviex kã
Ô†gÕivRÕ Gi A_©: Dשv‡ivnY,gB, wmuwo| A_©vr mvaviY
A‡_©: AÜKv‡i ev iv‡Z Dשv‡ivnY; AmvaviY A‡_©:
AÜKvi, ee©i hy‡M [AvBqv‡g Rvwnwjqv] Áv‡bi Pig
DrKl©|
†gÕivR m¤^‡Ü hZ weeiY cvIqv hvq Zvi 0.01% kZvsk
†Kviv‡b Ges evwK 99.09% kZvsk nvw`‡mi gva¨‡g| G
m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbvi c~‡e© wbæewY©Z †Kviv‡bi
AvqvZ¸wj cvV‡Ki Aek¨ Aek¨B mKj mg‡qi Rb¨ ¯§iY
ivLv evÂbxq:
K. jv- BDKvj−xdzj−vû--eyQAvnv| [2:evKviv-286] A_©:
Avwg Kvnv‡KI Zvi mva¨vZxZ `vwqZ¡ Ac©Y Kwi bv|
L. jv-byKvwj−dz--Bj−v-eyQAvnv|
[6:AvbAvg-152;
7:Avivd-42] A_©: Avj−vn mvg‡_©i evwn‡i Kv‡iv
Dci `vwqZ¡ †`b bv|
M. dv-jvb ZvwR¡`v--Zvnwejv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-77;
35:dvwZi-43] A_©: Zzwg Avj−vni Qybœv‡Z [weav‡b]
KLbI †Kvb i`-e`j cv‡e bv Ges Avj−vni Qybœv‡Z
[weav‡b] KLbI †Kvb e¨wZµgI cv‡e bv|
N. Bbœv j−vnv--gxqv`| [3: Ggivb-9] A_©: Avj−vn KLbI
A½xKvi f½ K‡ib bv|
O. A gv Kvbv--nvwKg| [42:ïiv-51] A_©: †`navix

121

gvby‡li Ggb †Kvb ¶gZv †bB †h, Avj−vn Zvi m‡½
mivmwi mv¶vr ev K_v ej‡eb --|
AvbvQ (ivt) gv‡jK Be‡b mvÕmvAvÕn (ivt) nB‡Z eY©bv
Kwiqv‡Qb, bex Qvj−vj−vû AvjvBwnAmvj−vg‡K †hB iv‡Î
Avj−vnZvAvjv cwiåg‡Y wbqv wMqvwQ‡jb †mB iv‡Îi NUbv
eY©bvq QvnvexM‡Yi m¤§y‡L wZwb ewjqv‡Qb:
hLb Avwg KvÕev M„‡ni Db¥y³ Ask nvZx‡g (DcbxZ nBjvg
Ges ZLbI Avwg fv½v Ny‡g fvivµvš—) Dשg~Lx kvwqZ
wQjvg, nVvr GK AvMš‘K (wReªvCj †d‡ikZv) Avgvi wbKU
Avwm‡jb (Ges Avgv‡K wbKUeZ©x Rg&Rg& K~‡ci mwbœK‡U
wbqv Avwm‡jb)| AZci Avgvi e‡¶i Dשmxgv nB‡Z
†c‡Ui wbæ mxgv ch©š— wPwiqv †dwj‡jb Ges Avgvi ü`q
ev w`jUv evwni Kwi‡jb| AZci GKwU ¯^Y©cvÎ Dcw¯’Z
Kiv nBj, hvnv Cgvb (cwicK¡ mwZ¨Kvi Ávbea©K) e¯‘‡Z
cwic~Y© wQj| Avgvi †`jUv‡K (Rg&R‡gi cvwb‡Z) †aŠZ
Kwiqv Zvnvi wfZ‡i H e¯‘ fwiqv †`Iqv nBj Ges
†`jUv‡K wba©vwiZ ¯’v‡b ivwLqv Avgvi e¶‡K wVKVvK
Kwiqv †`Iqv nBj (eÜbxi welq¸wj 455-406 c„ôvi
nvw`‡Q D‡j−L Av‡Q)|
AZci Avgvi Rb¨ L”Pi nB‡Z GKUz †QvU, Mvav nB‡Z
GKUz eo †k¦Z e‡Y©i GKwU evnb Dcw¯’Z Kiv nBj Zvnvi
bvg Ò‡evivKÓ, hvnvi cÖwZ c`‡¶c `„wói †kl mxgvq|
†mB evn‡bi Dci Avgv‡K mIqvi Kiv nBj|
NUbv cÖev‡ni wfZi w`qv wReªvCj (Avt) Avgv‡K jBqv
wbKUeZ©x Z_v cÖ_g Avmgv‡bi Øv‡i †cŠwQ‡jb Ges `iRv
Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| wfZi nB‡Z cwiPq wRÁvmv Kiv nBj,
wReªvCj ¯^xq cwiPq cÖ`vb Kwi‡jb| AZci wRÁvmv Kiv
nBj, Avcbvi m‡½ †K Av‡Qb? wReªvCj ewj‡jb, gynv¤§`
(mt) Av‡Qb| ejv nBj, (Zuvnv‡K wbqv Avwmevi Rb¨B Z
Avcbv‡K) Zuvnvi wbKU cvVvb nBqvwQj? wReªvCj
ewj‡jb, nuv| Zvici Avgv‡`i cÖwZ †gveviKev` RvbvBqv
`iRv †Lvjv nBj| †M‡Ui wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv Z_vq
Av`g (Avt)-‡K †`wL‡Z cvBjvg| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi
cwiPq KivBqv ewj‡jb, wZwb Avcbvi Avw` wcZv Av`g
(Avt), Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Ki“b| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg

Kwijvg| Avgvi mvjv‡gi DËi `v‡b wZwb Avgv‡K
Òmy‡hvM¨ cyÎ I my‡hvM¨ bexÕ AvL¨vwqZ Kwi‡jb Ges †Lvk
Avg‡`` RvbvB‡jb|
AZci wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv wØZxq Avmgv‡bi Øv‡i
†cŠwQ‡jb Ges `iRv Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| GLv‡bI c~‡e©i
b¨vq K‡_vcK_b nBj Ges ï‡f”Qv †gveviKev` RvbvBqv
`iRv †Lvjv nBj| wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv Z_vq BqvnBqv
(Avt) I Cmv (Avt)-Gi mv¶vZ cvBjvg Zuvnv‡`i Df‡qi
bvbx ci¯úi fMœx wQ‡jb| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnv‡`i
cwiPq `v‡b mvjvg Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb, Avwg Zuvnvw`M‡K
mvjvg Kwijvg| Zuvnviv Avgvi mvjv‡gi DËi cÖ`v‡b
Òmy‡hvM¨ bexÓ ewjqv Avgv‡K †Lvk Avg‡`` RvbvB‡jb|
AZci wReªvCj (Avt) Avgv‡K jBqv Z…Zxq Avmgv‡bi
Øv‡i †cŠwQ‡jb Ges `iRv Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| Z_vqI c~‡e©i
b¨vq K‡_vcK_‡bi ci ï‡f”Qv-¯^vMZ RvbvBqv `iRv
†Lvjv nBj| wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv BDmyd (Avt)-Gi
mv¶vZ cvBjvg| wReªvCj (Avt) Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq
KivBqv mvjvg Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb; Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg
Kwijvg| wZwb mvjv‡gi DËi `vb KiZt Avgv‡K Òmy‡hvM¨
åvZv I my‡hvM¨ bexÓ ewjqv †gveviKev` RvbvB‡jb|
AZci Avgv‡K jBqv wReªvCj PZz_© Avmgv‡bi wbK‡U
†cŠwQ‡jb Ges ‡MU Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| †mLv‡bI c~‡e©i
b¨vq cÖ‡kœvˇii ci ï‡f”Qv ¯^vMZ RvbvBqv `iRv †Lvjv
nBj| wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv Avgiv Z_vq B`ªxm (Avt)-Gi
mv¶vZ cvBjvg| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq KivBqv
mvjvg Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Kwijvg|
wZwb mvjv‡gi DËi w`‡jb Ges my‡hvM¨ åvZv I my‡hvM¨
bex ewjqv Avgv‡K gvinvev RvbvB‡jb|
AZci wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv cÂg Avmgv‡b †cŠwQ‡jb
Ges †MU Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| GB ¯’v‡bI c~‡e©i bvq cÖ‡kœvËi
Pjvi ci ï‡yf”Qv I †gveiKev` `v‡bi mwnZ `iRv †Lvjv
nBj| Avwg wfZ‡i †cŠwQqv nvi“b (Avt)-Gi mv¶Z
cvBjvg| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq `v‡b mvjvg
Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb| Avwg mvjvg Kwijvg| wZwb Avgvi
mvjv‡gi DËi w`‡jb Ges my‡hvM¨ åvZv I my‡hvM¨ bex

122

ewjqv Avgv‡K †Lvk Avg‡`` RvbvB‡jb|
Zvici wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv lô Avmgv‡bi †M‡U
†cŠxQ‡jb Ges †MU Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| G¯’v‡bI cwiPq
wRÁvmv Kiv nB‡j wReªvCj ¯^xq cwiPq `vb Kwi‡jb,
AZci Zuvnvi m‡½ †K Av‡Q wRÁvmv Kiv nBj| wZwb
ewj‡jb, gynv¤§` (mt) ejv nBj, Zuvnv‡K Z wbqv Avwmevi
Rb¨ Avcbv‡K cvVvb nBqvwQj? wReªvCj ewj‡jb, nuv!
Zr¶YvZ ï‡f”Qv I †gveviKev` RvbvBqv `iRv †Lvjv
nBj| Z_vq cÖ‡ek Kwiqv g~mv (Avt)-Gi mv¶vZ cvBjvg|
wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq ÁvZ Kwiqv mvjvg Kwi‡Z
ewj‡jb| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Kwijvg| wZwb mvjv‡gi
DËi cÖ`vb Kwi‡jb| Ges my‡hvM¨ åvZv I my‡hvM¨ bex
ewjqv Avgv‡K †gveviKev` RvbvB‡jb|
hLb Avwg GB GjvKv Z¨vM Kwiqv hvB‡Z jvwMjvg ZLb
g~mv (Avt) Kuvw`‡ZwQ‡jb| Zuvnv‡K Kuvw`evi KviY wRÁvmv
Kiv nB‡j wZwb ewj‡jb, Avwg Kuvw`‡ZwQ GB Kv‡‡Y †h,
Avgvi D¤§‡Z †e‡nkZ jvfKvixi msL¨v GB bexi D¤§‡Zi
†e‡nkZ jvfKvixi msL¨v A‡c¶v Kg nB‡e, A_P wZwb
eq‡mi w`K w`qv hyeK Ges `ywbqv‡Z †cÖwiZ nBqv‡Qb
Avgvi c‡i|
Zvici wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv mßg Avmgv‡bi cÖwZ
Av‡ivnY Kwi‡jb Ges Zuvnvi Øv‡i †cŠwQqv †MU Lywj‡Z
ewj‡jb| G¯’v‡bI c~‡e©i b¨vq mKj cÖ‡kœvËiB nBj Ges
`iRv Lywjqv ï‡f”Qv I ¯^vMZ Rvbvb nBj| Avwg wfZ‡i
cÖ‡ek Kwijvg| Z_vq Beªvnxg (Avt)-Gi mv¶vZ jvf
nBj| wReªvCj Avgv‡K ewj‡jb, wZwb Avcbvi (es‡ki
Avw`) wcZv, Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Ki“b| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg
Kwijvg| wZwb Avgvi mvjv‡gi DËi w`‡jb Ges my‡MvM¨
cyÎ, my‡hvM¨ bex ewjqv gvinvev I †gveviKev`
RvbvB‡jb|
AZci Avwg wm`ivZzj †gvb&Zvnvi wbKU DcbxZ nBjvg|
(Zvnv GK eo cÖKvÛ Kyj e„¶ we‡kl) Zvnvi GK GKUv Kzj
ÒnRiÓ A‡j ˆZqvix (eo eo) gUKvi b¨¨q Ges Zvnvi
cvZv nvZxi Kv‡bi b¨vq| wReªvCj Avgv‡K ewj‡jb, GB
e„¶wUi bvg Òwm`vZzj †gvb&ZvnvÓ| Z_vq PvwiwU cÖevngvb

b`x †`wL‡Z cvBjvg-`yBwU wfZ‡ii w`‡K cÖevwnZ Ges
`yBwU evwn‡ii w`‡K| b`x¸wj m¤ú‡K© Avwg wReªvCj‡K
wRÁvmv Kwijvg| wZwb ewj‡jb, wfZ‡ii `yBwU †e‡nk‡Z
cÖevngvb (mvj&mvexj I KvImvi bvgK) `yBwU b`x| Avi
evwn‡ii w`‡K cÖevngvb `yBwU nBj (f~ c„‡ôi wgm‡i
cÖevwnZ) bxj I (Biv‡K cÖevwnZ) †dvivZ (b`x ev Zvnv‡`i
bv‡gi g~j Drm)|
Zvici Avgv‡K ÒevqZzj gvÕgyiÕ cwi`k©b Kivb nBj|
Z_vq cÖwZw`b (Gev`‡Zi Rb¨) mËi nvRvi †d‡ikZv
Dcw¯’Z nBqv _v‡Kb (†h `j GKw`b my‡hvM cvq †mB `j
wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ wØZxq w`b my‡qvM cÖvß nq bv)|
AZci (Avgvi m„wóMZ ¯^fv‡ei ¯^”QZv I wbg©jZv cÖKvk
Kwiqv †`LvBevi D‡Ï‡k¨ cix¶vi Rb¨) Avgvi m¤§y‡L
wZbwU cvÎ Dcw¯’Z Kiv nBj-GKwU‡Z wQj myiv ev g`,
AciwU‡Z wQj `y» Avi GKwU‡Z wQj gay| Avwg `y‡»i
cvÎwU MÖnY Kwijvg| wReªvCj ewj‡jb, `y» mZ¨ I LuvwU
¯^fvMZ ag© Bmjv‡gi ¯^iƒc; (myZivs Avcwb `y‡»i cvÎ
MÖnY Kwiqv BnvB cÖgvY Kwiqv‡Qb †h) Avcwb mZ¨ I
¯^fveMZ ag© Bmj‡‡gi Dci cÖwZwôZ Av‡Qb Ges Avcbvi
Dwmjvq Avcbvi D¤§ZI Zvnvi Dci _vwe‡e|
Zvici Avgvi kixq‡Z cÖ‡Z¨K w`b cÂvk Iqv³ bvgvh
dih nIqvi weavb Kiv nBj| Avwg wdwievi c‡_ g~mv
(Avt)-Gi wbKUeZ©x c_ AwZµg KivKv‡j wZwb Avgv‡K
wRÁvmv Kwi‡jb, we‡kl Av‡`k wK jvf Kwiqv‡Qb? Avwg
ewjjvg, cÂvk Iqv³ bvgvh| g~mv (Avt) ewj‡jb,
Avcbvi D¤§Z cÖwZw`b cÂvk Iqv³ bvgvh Av`vq Kwiqv
hvB‡Z m¶g nB‡e bv| Avwg mvaviY gvby‡li ¯^fve m¤ú‡K©
A‡bK AwfÁZv jvf KwiqvwQ; Ges eYx BmªvCjMY‡K
we‡klfv‡e
cix¶v
KwiqvwQ;
myZivs
Avcwb
ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i Avcbvi D¤§‡Zi Rb¨ GB
Av‡`k AviI mnR Kivi Av‡e`b Ki“b|
nhiZ (mt) e‡jb, Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii Lvm `iev‡i
wdwiqv †Mjvg| ciIqvi‡`Mvi (`yBevi hvIqv‡Z cuvP cuvP
Kwiqv) `k Iqv³ Kg Kwiqv w`‡jb| AZci Avwg Avevi
g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQjvg, wZwb c~‡e©i b¨vq civgk©B Avgv‡K

123

w`‡jb| Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv †Mjvg
GBeviI (Hiƒ‡c) `k Iqv³ Kg Kwiqv w`‡jb| cybivq
g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQ‡j wZwb Avgv‡K GeviI †mB civgk©B
w`‡jb| Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv †Mjvg
Ges (c~‡e©i b¨vq) `k Iqv³ Kg Kwiqv w`‡jb| GBeviI
g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQ‡j ci wZwb Avgv‡K c~‡e©i b¨vq civgk©
w`‡jb| Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv †Mjvg,
GBevi Avgvi Rb¨ cÖvwZw`b cuvP Iqv³ wbw`©ó Kwiqv
†`Iqv nBj| GBeviI g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQ‡j ci Avgv‡K
wZwb wRÁvm Kwi‡jb, wK Av‡`k jvf Kwiqv‡Qb? Avwg
ewjjvg, cÖwZw`b cuvP Iqv³ bvgv‡hi Av‡`k cÖ`vb Kiv
nBqv‡Q|
g~mv (Avt) ewj‡jb. Avcbvi D¤§Z cÖwZw`b cuvP Iqv³
bvgv‡hiI cve›`x Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e bv| Avwg Avcbvi c~‡e©B
mvaviY gvby‡li ¯^fve m¤ú‡K© AwfÁZv jvf KwiqvwQ Ges
ebx BmªvCjMY‡K A‡bK cix·v KwiqvwQ| Avcwb Avevi
ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv AviI Kg Kivi
Av‡e`b Rvbvb|
nhiZ (mt) e‡jb, Avwg g~mv‡K ewjjvg,
ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i A‡bK evi Avmv-hvIqv
KwiqvwQ; GLb Avevi hvB‡Z j¾v‡eva nq, Avi hvBe bv
eis cuvP Iqv‡³i DciB mš‘ó iwnjvg Ges Zvnv eiY
Kwiqv wbjvg| nhiZ (mt) e‡jb, AZci hLb Avwg
wdwievi c‡_ AMÖmi nBjvg ZLb Avj−vn ZvAvjvi Zid
nB‡Z GKwU †NvlYv Rvwi Kiv nBj-(ev›`v‡`i cÖvc¨
mIqv‡ei w`K w`qv)ÒAvgvi wba©vwiZ msL¨v (cÂvk) evKx
ivwLjvg, (Avgvi c‡¶ Avgvi evK¨ AcwiewZ©ZB _vwK‡e|
417 I 455 c„ôvi nvw`Q `ªóe¨) Aek¨ Kg©‡¶‡Î ev›`v‡`i
c‡¶ mnR I Kg Kwiqv w`jvg| (A_©vr Kg©‡¶‡Î cuvP
Iqv³ ewnj, wKš‘ mIqv‡ei w`K w`qv cuvPB cÂvk
cwiMwYZ nB‡e|) cÖwZwU †bK Avg‡j `k ¸Y mIqve `vb
Kwie| [`ª: †evLvix 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:351-354]
msw¶ß mgv‡jvPbv
†gÕivR m¤^‡Ü †Qnv‡QËvi cÖ‡Z¨KwU MÖ‡š’ AviI †ek wKQy
nvw`m Av‡Q| mK‡jB wPivPwiZ cÖ_vbymv‡i Qvnvev I

gnvbex‡K KvíwbK mvw¶ K‡i nvw`m¸wj iPbv K‡i‡Qb|
A_P Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †gÕiv‡Ri mgq, ¯’vb-Kvj, Ae¯’vb
BZ¨vw` wb‡q †Nvi gZ‡f`| kwiq‡Zi g‡Z H gZ‡f`¸wj
bvwK mvaviY I ¯^vfvweK! †hgb: Kv‡iv g‡Z wnRi‡Zi 12
gvm c~‡e©, Kv‡iv g‡Z 16 gvm, 17 gvm, 18 gvm; Avevi
Kv‡iv g‡Z byeyqv‡Zi 12 ermi c‡i! [A_©vr wKbv gw`bvq!
[wnhi‡Zi mb gZvš—‡i 10/13 ermi]|
ZvwiL m¤^‡Ü Kv‡iv g‡Z 17B iweDj-AvDqvj, 17B
igRvb, 27 kv iRe; Avevi Kv‡iv g‡Z 27 kv igRvb|
Kv‡iv g‡Z wewe D‡¤§nvwbi Ni †_‡K Kv‡iv g‡Z Avqkvi
Ni †_‡K; Kv‡iv g‡Z ¯^-kix‡i Kv‡iv g‡Z ¯^‡cœ n‡qwQj;
gnvbex AZx‡Zi mKj bex-ivQyj‡`i RvgvZe× bvgv‡Ri
BgvgwZ K‡iwQ‡jb: Kv‡iv g‡Z gmwR`yj AvKmvq, Kv‡iv
g‡Z Avmgv‡b; Kv‡iv g‡Z iIqvbv nIqvi c~‡e© Kv‡iv g‡Z
wd‡i G‡m, Kv‡iv g‡Z 1 evi Kv‡iv g‡Z 2evi; †KD
e‡jb gnvbex Avj−vn‡K mv¶vr †`‡L‡Qb, gZvš—‡i †`‡Lb
wb BZ¨vw`| ejvevûj¨ mKj nvw`mB AmsL¨ Qvnvev‡`i
bvg‡i mvw¶ †i‡L iwPZ n‡q‡Q| AZGe, kwiq‡Zi
cwifvlvq meB mZ¨-gnv mZ¨ Ges wbfy©j! AMZ¨v Gi
GKwUI A¯^xKvi Kivi mKj c_ I gZ& kwiq‡Zi
cwifvlvq i“×! hw`I GKB e¨w³i c‡¶ wbw`©ó NUbvi
wewfbœ ZvwiL, mgq¶Y I ¯’vb mZ¨ e‡j ¯^xKvi K‡i †bqv
Avi GKB e¨w³i GKB mgq mvg‡b wc‡Q nvUvi gZB
cv_©K¨!
kwiq‡Zi g‡Z †gÕivR A_© Dשv‡ivnY| A_©vr c„w_ex †_‡K
AvKv‡ki w`‡K Av‡ivnb| wK‡m P‡o ågY, †Kv_v †_‡K
†Kv_vq; †Kvb †Kvb Nv‡U weiwZ; Avj−vni `iev‡i ivQyj‡K
bv¯—v-cvwb, `ya-g`, Av`i-Avc¨vqb BZ¨vw` mKj welq
we¯—vwiZ weeiY i‡q‡Q nvw`‡m|
weÁvb g‡Z c„w_exUv P›`ª-m~h© I MÖn-b¶‡Îi gZB
DשvKv‡k A_©vr ïb¨vKv‡k| c„w_ex †_‡K gvbyl ;gv_v DwP‡q
P›`ª-m~h©, AvKvk †hfv‡e `k©b K‡i; P›`ª ev Ab¨ †Kvb MÖn
†_‡KI Abyiƒc gv_v DuwP‡q DשvKv‡ki w`‡K ZvwK‡qB
c„w_ex‡K †`L‡Z nq| A_©vr c„w_ex †_‡K i‡K‡U P‡o
DשvKv‡k Qy‡U †hgb Pvu‡` †cŠQ‡Z nq Z`ªƒc Pvu` †_‡K

124

AweKj DשvKv‡k Qy‡UB c„w_ex‡Z wd‡i Avm‡Z nq; P›`ª,
m~h©, MÖn, b¶Î †hgb ïb¨vKv‡k, c„w_exI †Zgb ïb¨vKv‡k;
A_©vr ïb¨vKvk ev AvKvk-cvZv‡ji †Kvb Dci bxP& †bB|
†Kvb MÖn Dc‡i ev bx‡P G Aevš—i cÖkœ e‡U| G‡Z hv‡`i
m‡›`n nq, Zviv ¯^-¯^ mš—vb‡`i Kv‡Q †mŠi gvbwPÎ mvg‡b
†i‡L ev¯—‡ei gZB welqwU ¯^-P‡¶ GwKb Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
DËi †gi“i MÖxbj¨vÛ, myB‡Wb ev KvbvWv, Av‡gwiKvi gvwU
Ly‡o `w¶Y †gi“ †f` K‡i A‡óªwjqv, mvD_ Avwd«Kv ev
G›UviwUKv gnv‡`‡ki AvKv‡k DuwK w`‡j †`Lv hv‡e
Avgv‡`iB P›`ª, m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î I GKB AvKvk| Ggb
D`vniYwU cÖK…Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i Rb¨ bq|
Aviex ÔQvgvÕ A_© AvKvk, AvKvk A_© ïb¨, ïb¨ A_© A`„k¨|
ÔAvØ©Õ A_© e¯‘, e¯‘ A_© `„k¨, `„k¨ A_© P›`ª, m~h©, MÖnb¶Îmn hvB `„wó †MvPwif‚Z I Avwe®‹…Z ZvB AvØ©; GgbwK
AvR‡Ki cigvYyI AvØ©| ÔQvgvIqv‡Z Aj AvØ©Õ, A_©: `„k¨A`„k¨ ev Rvbv -ARvbv|
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm †h, Avj−vn bvgK Rxe, ev e¨w³Z¡wU [?]
c„w_ex‡Z evm K‡ib bv; mßg Avmgv‡bi D‡×© ‡Q`ªvZzj
†gvš—vnvq gUKxi gZ eiB evMv‡bi cv‡k/D‡×©
(†Q`ªvZzb=eiB, †gvš—vnv=evMvb) Zvi Avik/evmv-evwo|
erm‡i 1 evi 1g gZvš—‡i 2q ev 4_© Avmgv‡b 4 †d‡i¯—vi
Kv‡a P‡o åg‡b G‡m PxrKvi K‡i †gvmjgvb‡`i †Qvqve
†dix K‡ib|
gZvš—‡i Avj−vni Avik/evmv evox:
nvw`mwU Ab¨ †Kv_vI ewY©Z Av‡Q| ÔnhiZ AveŸvm Be‡b
Avãyj gyZvwje (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z:--ivQyj e‡jb †h, GK
Avmgvb †_‡K Avi GK Avmgv‡bi `~iZ¡ 71, 72 ev 73
erm‡ii `yiZ¡| Gfv‡e mßg Avmgvb ch©š— ¸Y‡jb; Zvi
ci ej‡jb, mßg Avmgv‡bi Dci i‡q‡Q GKwU mgy`ª,
Dnvi MfxiZv 2 Avmgv‡bi `~i‡Z¡i mgvb; AZtci †mB
mgy‡`ªi Dc‡i Av‡Q 8wU weivUKvq cvVv (QvMj) Ges
Zv‡`i cv‡qi Lyi I †Kvg‡ii gvSLv‡bi e¨eavb `yB
Avmgv‡bi ga¨ewZ© `~i‡Z¡i mgvb| AZtci Dnv‡`i wc‡Vi
Dci i‡q‡Q Avik--| [`ª: wZiwgwR, Avey `vD`; nvw`m
bs-5481; Z_¨myÎ: Ôci¯úi we‡ivax gZ‡f`c~Y© nvw`m;

c„: 127; cÖKvkK: Bmjvgx mgvR ms¯‹vi ms¯’v, Kzwôqv;
†jLK: †gv: dvi“L †Kv‡ikx]Õ
GK`v gnvbex‡K Avj−vni ‡mB evwo‡Z `vIqvZ K‡iwQ‡jb
(‡gÕivR)| Avj−vn `ya, gay I g` Øviv gnvbex‡K Av`i
†mvnvM K‡iwQ‡jb--|
ÔAvj−vn AvKv‡k _v‡KbÕ K_vUvi A_© `uvovq: Avj−vn mmxg,
m„ó †Kvb e¨w³Z¡, e¯‘, c`v_© ev M¨vm RvZxq Ggb wKQy;
whwb c„w_ex‡Z _v‡Kb bv| Avi AvKvk Amxg, hvi †Kvb
GK wbw©`©ó ev mxwgZ ¯’v‡b Avj−vni emZ evwo! c¶vš—‡i,
Avj−vn wK! †Kv_vq evm K‡ib! Zvi cÖK…wZ wK! Zvi mKj
cwiPq wZwb †Kviv‡b cwi¯‹vifv‡e e‡j w`‡q‡Qb, hv
c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡h‡Q|
g‚jZt †gÕivR A_© ÔDשv‡ivnYÕ, m‡›`n †bB; wKš‘ Zv e¨w³
ev e¯‘i Dשv‡ivnY bq| eis Ávb, ¸Y I ¶gZvi
Dשv‡ivnY| GKRb QvÎ Dשv‡ivnY Ki‡Z Ki‡Z †hgb
wk¶K, Aa¨vcK, Aa¨¶ nq; GKRb †Kivbx †hgb
g¨v‡bRvi, WvB‡i±i †Rbv‡ij g¨v‡bRvi nq; e¨vO †hgb
jvjv-gvwbK cÖvß nq; g„Mx K¯‘ix cÖvß nq; Z`ª“c Avw`ZZ¡
wfwËK Z_v Ava¨vwÍK Z_v mªóv-m„wó Áv‡b gyQj−x,
†gvm‡jg, gwgb, †gvËvK¡xb, cxi, †evRM© `i‡ek, ivQyjbexZ¡ cÖvß ev †R¨vwZ‡`n cÖvß/†cÖiYv cÖvß nIqvi bvgB
†gÕivR| bex nIqvi cÖavb I P‚ovš— kZ©B †gÕivR| mKj
bexi Rb¨B Zv eva¨Zvg~jK| nhiZ Beªvwng, g~Qv I CQvi
†gÕiv‡Ri Bw½Z wbæ Avqv‡Z cvIqv hvq: nhiZ
Beªvnx‡gi [`ª: 6:AvbAvg-75] nhiZ gyQvi [`ª. 7:Avivd143,144] nhiZ Cmvi Rb¥ j‡MœB [`ª: 3:Ggivb-59]|
bex-ivQyj nIqvi A_©B †h †Kvbfv‡eB †nvK †gÕivR cÖvß
(c~Y© ÁvbcÖvß) e¨w³|
cÖm½µ‡g evowZ Av‡jvPbv:
Ò- nhiZ Beªvwng (Av) gK¡vq wbe©vwmZ Z`xq cyÎ BmgvCj
(Av)-‡K `k©b Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨ †h K‡qKevi mdi
K‡iwQ‡jb †mB mgqI ÔeyivKÕ e¨eüZ n‡qwQj|
Zx_©hvÎx‡`i †Ri“hv‡j‡gi Avm-mvLivt gmwR‡` GKwU
A™¢yZ A_P PgrKvi my›`i cÖ¯—i †`Lvb nq Ges Dnv
eyiv‡Ki wRb e‡j D‡j−L Kiv nq| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx

125

wek¦‡Kvl, 2q L. c„:70]Ó
Dwj−wLZ †eviv‡Ki wRbwU K‡e, KLb, wKfv‡e Ges †Kb
ILv‡b cwiZ¨v³ n‡jv? evwK Ask¸wj †Kv_vq wQj/Av‡Q?
ivQy‡ji †evivKwU H wRb QvovB PjwQj wK bv? BZ¨vw`
mvaviY cÖkœ¸wj cvV‡Ki g‡b D`q nIqv ¯^vfvweK e‡U!
DËi †`qvi gZ we‡k¦ Ggb †KD Av‡Qb e‡j g‡b nq bv|
Gev‡i †gÕivR m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi AvqvZwU j¶Yxq:
Qyenvbv j−vRx--evwQi| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-1] A_©: cweÎ I
gwnggq wZwb whwb Zuvi ev›`v‡K iRbx‡hv‡M ågY Kwi‡q
wQ‡jb gmwR`yj nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvKmvq, hvi
cwi‡ek K‡iwQjvg eiKZgq, Zv‡K Avgvi wb`k©b
†`LvBevi Rb¨-|
fveev`x Abyev`:
wb¶zZ ZË¡ÁvbB ÔDcvm¨Õ, [Avj−vn]; †mB AÜKvi, ee©i,
AÁvbZvi hy‡M [iRbx†hv‡M] Zvi ev›`v‡K b~iv‡jv‡K
[we`y¨Z/†evivK] Avcb ¯^Ë¡vi [mªóv-m„wói inm¨] cÖZ¨¶
cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ [wb`k©b †`Lvevi Rb¨] `~i-wbKU [gmwR`yj
nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvK&mv; AvK&mv A_©B `~iewZ©] me
wKQyB eZ©gvb [eiKZgq] K‡i w`‡q wQ‡jb|
mgMÖ †Kviv‡b †gÕivR m¤^‡Ü GLv‡bB ïi“,GLv‡bB †kl|
AZtci gmwR`yj AvK&mv †_‡K gnvbexi `ya, g`, cvwb,
kier BZ¨vw` Avc¨vqY; bex‡`i mse× bvgv‡Ri BgvgwZ;
AZtci 1g Avmgvb †_‡K 7g Avmgvb, †Q`ivZzj †gvš—
vnv, bex‡`i mv¶vZ, 50 Iqv³ bvgvR, nhiZ gyQv KZ©„K 9
evi †dir cvwV‡q 9x5= 45 Iqv³ bvgvR gvd; gyQvi
KvbœvKvwU, Av`‡gi euv‡q ZvwK‡q KvbœvKvwU, Wv‡b ZvwK‡q
nvmv-nvwm; †e‡n‡¯—i weeiY: †mLv‡b gy³vi gvjv, i‡O
XvKv, gvwU K¯‘ix! [†e‡n‡¯—i Zv¾e weeiY e‡U!]
†`vhLevmx‡`i AvZ© PxrKvi, i‡³i b`x; bxj b` I
†dvivZ b`xi Drm †e‡n¯— †_‡K! [`ª: †evLvix, 5g LÛ,
AvwRRyj nK; c„;353] †evivK: †`L‡Z †Nvov bq,Mvav bq,
L”Pi bq, †jRwU gqy‡ii, gv_vwU jvm¨gqx bvixi| †Q`ªvZzj
†gvš—vnvq A_©vr Avj−vni evox cv‡k©/bx‡P eiB MvQ! gUwKi
gZ eiB! K¯‘ixi gZ gvwU, `y‡ai gZ cvwb! [`ª:Dc‡iv³
nvw`m I msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 2q LÛ; ÔwgÕivRÕ

Aa¨vq, c„:192] BZ¨vw` D™¢U, KvíwbK iPbv m¤¢v‡ii
m‡½ †Kviv‡bi wZj cwigvYI Bw½Z, Bkviv †bB|
gmwR`yj nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvKmv ch©š— welqwU
Avj−vn Awn K‡i ej‡Z cvi‡jb Avi †mLvb †_‡K 7g
Avmgvb I Z‡`v‡a©i `~‡f©`¨ welq¸‡jv Awn Ki‡Z cvi‡jb
bv; A_P †mUvB wQj AZ¨waK ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| Avj−vni H e¨_©Zvi
my‡hv‡M mvjgvb iƒkw`MY, Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji Aeg~j¨vq‡bi
gnv my‡hvM K‡i wb‡jb!
Dwj−wLZ †e‡n‡¯—i weeiY¸wj †h‡Kvb cvVK co‡jB
eyS‡Z cvi‡eb †h H¸‡jvi iPwqZvMY Avgvi ‡P‡qI AwaK
MÛg~L© bv n‡jI Avjer †bkvMÖ¯’ wQ‡jb| ‡bkv RvwZq wKQy
†L‡q hviv †bkv K‡ib Zv‡`i †bkv mvgwqK; Avi I¸wj bv
†L‡qB hv‡`i †bkv nq Zv †ewkifvMB wPi¯’vqx|
Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ¸wj ¯§iY †i‡L †gÕivR m¤^Üxq
nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K wbæ ewY©Z welq¸wj M‡elYvi `vex
iv‡L:
1. gnvbex [mv] c~Y© †Kvivb nhiZ wReªx‡ji gvidZ cÖvß
n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ †gÕiv‡R Avj−vni m‡½ mivmwi
mv¶vr,K_v-evZ©v, 9 evi †dir cvwV‡q 5 Iqv³ K‡i
†gvU 45 Iqv³ Kwg‡q A_©vr Avj−vn e‡jb, Ò5 Iqv³,
GwUB 50 Iqv³, Avgvi K_vi cwieZ©b nq bvÓ; G
AvqvZwU wReªxjwenxb mivmwi Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji
ci¯úi cÖZ¨¶ mv¶vZ Awn| G AwnwU gnv bexi
Rxe‡bi mKj Awn A_©vr 30 cviv †Kviv‡bi D‡a©
†kªôZg I cweÎZg Awn nIqv m‡Z¡I Zv †Kviv‡b bv
†jLvi KviY wK?
2. Dwj−wLZ AwnwU GK `yB evi bq; eis 9 evi i`-e`j
Kivi c‡iI Avj−vni †NvlYv: ÒAvgvi K_vi i`-e`j
nq bv, 5 Iqv³B 50 Iqv³|Ó wK K‡i i`-e`j n‡jv
bv! G cÖkœ‡evaK wPýwU c„w_ex †_‡K 7g Avmgvb ch©š—
`xN© e‡U!
3. bexMY Avj−vni Av‡`‡ki wZj cwigvY ms‡hvRb,
ms‡KvPb; A¯^xKvi ev cÖwZev` K‡ib bv ev K‡ib wb;
Ki‡j Zv‡`i Nv‡oi wkiv †K‡U †dj‡Zb e‡j
†Kviv‡b †NvwlZ Av‡Q [`ª: 69:nvK¡v: 44,45,46]|

126

c¶vš—‡i nvw`m g‡Z gnvbex 9 evi cÖwZev`/Aby‡iva
K‡i 5 Iqv‡³ G‡b‡Qb ZeyI Zuvi Nv‡oi wkiv KvUv
nq wb!
4. cuvP Iqv³ bvgv‡Ri †NvlYv †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI †bB|
hv Av‡Q Zv Giƒc: mKvj-mܨv, m~h© †n‡j †M‡j,
iv‡Zi wKQyUv AÜKvi n‡j, w`‡bi `yB cÖv‡š—, m~h©
D`‡qi c~‡e©, A¯— hvIqvi c‡i, iv‡Zi `yB cÖv‡š—,
Mfxi iv‡Z BZ¨vw`| [`ª: 11:û`-114; 17:ewbBmªvBj-78,79; 50:Kvd-39,40; 76:`vni25,26]| gymwjg we‡k¦i `j Dc-`‡ji Av‡jgAvj−vgvMY H mgq-Kvj¸wj wnmve K‡i †KD 3
Iqv³, †KD 5 Iqv³ Avevi †KD 6 Iqv³ (†e‡Zi)
GgbwK †KD 7 Iqv³I (Zvnv¾y`) wba©viY K‡i‡Qb|
Avgv‡`i m~bœx Dc-`j 6 Iqv³B ¯^xKvi K‡ib| wKš‘
ûhyi‡`i ivwÎ RvMi‡Yi f‡q †e‡Zi 6ô Iqv³ Gkvi
m‡½ hy³ K‡i‡Qb| myZivs ‡gÕiv‡R 5 Iqv³ bvgvR
AvbvqY †LvjvLywj cÖkœ we×|
5. nvw`m g‡Z nhiZ †gvn¤§` [mv] †kªô bex, Ggb wK
bex‡`i bex| Avj−vn-ivQyj †Kviv‡b Zv ¯^xKviI
K‡ib wb, mg_©bI K‡ib wb; eis Zxeª cÖwZev`
K‡i‡Qb GB e‡j †h, Ôbex-ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ Kv‡iv
m‡½ Kv‡iv cv_©K¨ KwiI bv; hviv cv_©K¨ K‡i Zviv
c_åó, Kv‡diÕ [4: wbQv: 150,151,152]| c¶vš—
‡i H GKB nvw`‡m nhiZ gyQv [Av] nhiZ gyn¤§`‡K
[mv] GK `yB evi bq eis 9 evi Zvi D¤§‡Zi Rb¨
A`~i`k©x I A‡hvM¨ cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb| GLv‡bB †kl bq!
cÖvi‡¤¢ Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi Av‡jv‡K ¯^qs Avj−vn‡KB
Awe‡ePK I KvÛ-Ávbnxb, Qybœv‡Zi i`-e`j,
GgbwK Iqv`v f½Kvix e‡jB mve¨¯— K‡i‡Qb!!
6. Ô†evivKÕ bvgK †mB A™¢‚Z Kz`iZx evnbwU gmwR`yj
AvKmvi cv‡k †Kvb cv_‡ii m‡½ iwk w`‡q †eu‡a
†i‡LwQ‡jb! nvw`m e‡j A`¨ewa †mLv‡b bvwK `vM
Av‡Q!! wKš‘ 7g Avmgv‡b, wQ`ªvZzj †gvš—vnvq †mwU‡K
wK‡mi m‡½ †eu‡a †i‡LwQ‡jb Zvi †Kvb nvw`m iwPZ
nq wb| id i‡di AvKvi-AvK…wZiI †Kvb eY©bv

nvw`‡m wjwLZ nq wb! ZvQvov †Kvb& evn‡b P‡o wZwb
9 evi Avmv-hvIqv Ges c„w_ex‡Z †dir G‡mwQ‡jb!
†m m¤^‡ÜI †Kvb nvw`m iPbv Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb|
7. cÖKvk _v‡K †h, gnvbex †gÕiv‡R hvIqvi c~‡e©B wZwb
I QvnvevMY wbqwgZ bvgvR Ki‡Zb, GgbwK c~‡e©i
mKj bex-ivQyj I Zuv‡`i D¤§ZMY wbqwgZ/AwbqwgZ
bvgvR Kv‡qg Ki‡Zb, †Kviv‡b Zvi fzwi fzwi cÖgvY
Ges Ab¨ a‡g©I Zvi †ekx-Kg mvw¶-cÖgvb Av‡Q|
8. †Kviv‡bi 114wU myivi g‡a¨ 86wU myivB gK¡vq
AeZxY© n‡q‡Q, hvi AwaKvsk myiv‡ZB bvgv‡Ri K_v
D‡j−L Av‡Q| ïay ZvBB bq: Bmjvwg HwZnvwmK I
nvw`mwe`‡`i g‡Z: Iqv³ msµvš— AvqvZ¸wji
AwaKvskB †gÕiv‡Ri c~‡e© A_©vr byeyqv‡Zi 3 †_‡K 8
erm‡ii g‡a¨ AeZxY© n‡q‡Q| [`ª: Aviex- BsivRx
†Kvivb; gynv¤§` Gg. wcK_j]|
9. i³-gvs‡mi ¯’yj †`navix gvby‡li c‡¶ Avj−vn `k©b
Aev¯—e Kíbv gvÎ| [`ª: Dc‡i ewY©Z O bs aviv]|
nvw`‡m ewY©Z †gÕiv‡Ri Zvrch©, welqe¯‘ I djvdj 5
Iqv³ bvgvR hv Abvqv‡mB mvaviY Anx Kiv m¤¢e wQj!
†gÕivR c~e© myiv¸wj‡Z Avjer Awn KivI Av‡Q| Avi
†gvm‡jg‡`i wk¶vi g‡a¨ Dwj−wLZ †e‡n‡¯— `k©Yxq
weeiY¸wj nvm¨Ki|
Av‡gwiKv åg‡Yi ci †`‡k wd‡i ‡`kwUi weeiY w`‡Z
wM‡q hw` †KD e‡j †h, †m_vi gvwU jvj, wZb Zjv iv¯—v,
evwo-Mvwo, iv¯—v-NvU me mv`v isG XvKv [ei‡d]; †mvbv,
iƒcvi _vjv-evmb BZ¨vw`| Z‡e Zvi Ávb-eyw× I Zvi
wk¶vMZ †hvM¨Zv I `~ii`wk©Zv m¤^‡Ü cvVK-†kªvZvMY
wbwðZ n‡Z cv‡i; wbwðZ n‡Z cv‡i kwiq‡Zi Rb¥`vZv
`wjq Bgvg‡`i ag©xq `k©Y Ávb m¤^‡Ü|
nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K GKB welqe¯‘ msewjZ M` euvav GKB
iPbv m¤¢vi wbw`©ó gImy‡g †PŠÏ kZ ermi hver KZ
†KvwUevi †h cÎ-cwÎKvq, wewfbœ eB-cy¯—‡K Qvcv n‡q‡Q
Ges n‡e Zvi wnmve †bB| wKš‘ kwiq‡Zi wZj cwigvY
Áv‡bvbœZx n‡q‡Q e‡j †Kvb cÖgvY †bB| GKwU gvÎ
†gvmjgv‡bi †gÕivR n‡q‡Q e‡j †Kvb BwZnvm, †bB|

127

c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡m ewY©Z ÔAv”QvjvZz †gÕivRyj †gv‡gbxbÕ
A_©: bvgvR †gvgxb‡`i †gÕivR; nvw`mwUi Av‡jv‡K
kwiqwZMY AvÍ we‡k−l‡Y wb‡Ri cwiPq ‡c‡Z cv‡ib!
gywg‡bi bvgvRB hw` †gÕivR nq Z‡e ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e
†h †gÕivR bex‡`i Rxe‡bi AwZ Zz”Q welqUv wek¦gq
bexi †kªô †gv‡RRv e‡j cÖPvi cÖwZôv cvIqvi wcQ‡b
inm¨ wK! Avi H cÖPviYvi djB ev wK n‡q‡Q!
†gÕivR mZ¨, gnvbexi Aek¨B †gÕivR n†q‡Q| wKš‘ bex
esk ci¤úivq Avgv‡`i c~e© cyi“l Ljxdv GwR`gviIqvb‡`i nv‡Z wbg~©j nIqvi gZB bexi gnvg~j¨evb
†gÕiv‡Ri `k©bvw` wejxb n‡q‡Q| †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq bex
wK mvab-fRb K‡i byeyqvZx †c‡jb! †m mKj gnvg~j¨evb
gš¿ I ZË¡-m~Î AvR Avi Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB| bvgv‡R hvi
AninB †gÕivR nq, Avj−vn Wv‡K hvi ü`q mvov †`q
GKgvÎ †mB gygxbB Gi mZ¨vmZ¨ Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
†evivK A_© we`y¨Z, we`y¨‡Zi we`y¨Z; Mvav-L”Pi ev
†NvUKx-gqyix bq| GB we`y¨Z kw³‡Z bexi †gÕivR nq|
gvby‡li Kvj¦ ev ü`q GKwU AvbweK Pzwj−, gnv we`y¨ZvMvi;
†h we`y¨‡Zi ci‡kB A¨vUgmn we‡k¦i mKj Avwe¯‹vi
n‡”Q| mªóv m„‡ói †cÖiYv msN‡l©, A_©vr QvjvZ I GKwbó
M‡elYv, mvabvi gva¨‡g ü`‡q we`y¨Z ev b~i mÂvwiZ I
cÖmvwiZ n‡Z _v‡K| ag©-Kg© K‡i hvi hZUzKz b~‡ii mÂvi
n‡q‡Q Zvi ZZUzKz Avj−vn‡eva AbyfyZ n‡q‡Q, A_©vr
†Qvqve n‡q‡Q| GB b~i mÂvi n‡Z n‡Z hLb mg¯— †`n
we`y¨Zvqb nq ZLb Zvi AvwgZ¡ mË¡v, †`n I Rxeb Avjv`v
K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡i| ZLb `„k¨ †_‡K A`„k¨ n‡Z cv‡i,
G‡i`v ev B”Qv Kiv gvÎB g~û‡Z©i g‡a¨B GKB m‡½
GKvwaK ¯’v‡b cÖKvk n‡Z cv‡i, AZxZ, f~Z-fwel¨Z‡K
eZ©gvb K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡i | Gi bvgB ‰PZb¨ ev iveŸvbx
(Avj−vngq) nIqv [`ª: 3: Bgivb-79]| Avi ZLbB `„k¨A`„k¨, `~i-wbKU, AZxZ-fwel¨r meB GKvKvi ev eZ©gvb
nq| Ggb Ae¯’v gvby‡li c‡¶ ev ¯’yj †`‡n mKj mgq a‡i
ivLv m¤¢e bq; †hgb m¤¢e bq ¯^cœ ¶YwU a‡i ivLv|
nhiZ gyn¤§` [mv] GB Ae¯’vq DcbxZ n‡qwQ‡jb Ges Gi
bvgB †gÕivR| GRb¨B Zuv‡K Ôb~i gyn¤§`Õ ejv nq; A_©vr

†R¨vwZ‡`n avwiZ gvbe| wZwb †hLv‡b wQ‡jb, wVK
†mLv‡bB `„k¨I wQ‡jb, A`„k¨ wQ‡jb| Rxe †hgb Rxeb‡K
†`L‡Z cvq bv, †`L‡Z cvq Zvi †`nwU gvÎ; wKš‘ †gvnv¤§`
(mv) Rxeb‡K Avjv`v K‡i ¯’yj †`nwU‡K ‡R¨vwZ †`‡ni
g‡a¨ XyKv‡Z m¶g n‡qwQ‡jb|
ïb¨vKv‡k wZwb Mvav A‡c¶v eo, L”Pi A‡c¶v †QvU mv`v
cï, gZvš—‡i: †NvUKxi Abyiƒc, †jRwU gqyi cy”Qm`„k,
gv_vwU bvixi [`ª: wU. Wwe−D Avi‡bvj&W Gi †cBw›Us Bb
Bmjvg (A·‡dvW©,1928), cy:117-122 Ges 53-56
Qwei †c−U PZzóq; Z_¨myÎ: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl,2q
L.), KwíZ H A™¢~Z cïwUi wc‡V P‡o D‡o †eovb wb|
kwiq‡Zi GB AccÖPvi gnvbex‡K Kjw¼Z K‡i‡Q,
Bmjvg‡K eis †nq cÖwZcbœ K‡i‡Q|
wZwb †h ev¯—weKB cïi wc‡V Ny‡i †eovbwb Zv Zv‡`i
nvw`‡QB aiv c‡o| Kw_Z nq †h, LyYx L~Y K‡i, aiv covi
f‡q hvewZq AvjvgZ bó K‡i hvq; wKš‘ Kg© †`v‡l g‡bi
Aj‡¶¨ Ggb †Kvb bv †Kvb AvjvgZ †i‡LB hvq, hvi myÎ
a‡i cÖK…Z LyYx‡K ai‡Z m¶g nq|
Abyiƒc NUbv ï‡b Avey‡h‡njMY gnvbex‡K P¨v‡jÄ K‡i
e‡jwQj †h, mwZ¨B hw` wZwb `xN© 2 gv‡mi c_ 1 iv‡Zi
g~û‡Z©B evqZzj †gvKvÏvQ wM‡q Avevi wd‡i G‡m _v‡Kb
Z‡e Dnvi `iRv KqwU BZ¨vw` e‡j w`‡Z| ZLb bvwK
ivQyj weåv‡U c‡o hvb! AZtci Avj−vni †g‡nievbx‡Z
evqZzj †gvZvÏvQ gmwR`wU bexi m¤§y‡L nvwRi nq! Zrci
wZwb Dnv †`‡L †`‡L hvewZq cÖ‡kœi mwVK DËi e‡j †`b|
[`ª: †evLvix 5g L. AvwR. nK, c„:358]
nvw`QwU gnvbexi †gÕiv‡Ri hvewZq eqvb G¶‡Y
m‡›`nRbK K‡i Zz‡j‡Q, KviY evqZzj †gvKvÏvQ
gmwR`wUiI †gÕivR n‡qwQj e‡j mv¶¨ w`‡”Q| myZivs
GLv‡bB wbi‡c¶ Ávbx‡`i bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`Lvi ch©vß
AvjvgZ wbwnZ Av‡Q|
Avj−vn Wv‡K hvi ü`q mvov bv †`q †m RxweZ _vK‡ZB
giv [`ª: †Kvivb]| myZivs Rxeb `k©b bv nIqv ch©š— ïay
†gŠwLK wek¦vm h_v_© bq|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, KwZcq Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY wbæ ewY©Z myiv

128

bRg I myiv ZKex‡ii `yÕwU AvqvZ DÌvcY K‡i †gÕiv‡Ri
mZ¨v-mZ¨ cÖgv‡Y wØZxq av‡cI e¨_© †Póv K‡i‡Qb:
K. Avj−vgvû--gv-AvDnv-[53: bRg-5-10] A_©:
Zv‡K wk¶v `vb K‡i kw³kvjx, cÖÁvm¤úbœ, †m (Bnv)
wbR AvK…wZ‡Z w¯’i n‡qwQj, ZLb †m Dשw`M‡š—,
AZtci †m Zvi wbKUeZ©x n‡jv, AwZ wbKUeZ©x,
d‡j, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ `yB aby‡Ki e¨eavb _vK‡jv A_ev
DnviI Kg| ZLb Avj−vn Zuvi ev›`vi cÖwZ hv Inx
Kievi Zv Inx Ki‡jb|
L. A jv K¡v` iv AvÕû wej DdzK¡xj gyweb| [81: ZvKexi23] A_©: †m Zv‡K ¯úó w`M‡š— †`‡L‡Q|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ؇qi m‡½ ewY©Z 17:1 Avqv‡Zi †KvbB
m¤úK© †bB; Da©vKv‡k åg‡Yi †Kvb Bw½Z-BkvivI †bB|
Avj−vni mv‡_ cÖZ¨¶ mv¶v‡ZiI †Kvb j¶Y †bB eis
Da©vKvk †_‡K gnvbexi Kv‡Q wKQy Avmvi Bw½Z Av‡Q|
gnvbex Da©vKv‡k ZvwK‡q Avcb †Pnviv [¯^-†R¨vwZ†`n]
†`‡LwQ‡jb, Zv ax‡i ax‡i Zvi wbKUeZ©x nq Ges wKQy
K‡_vcK_b nq|
eiB evMv‡bi cÖv‡š— [†Q`ªvZzj †gvbZvnv] GiKg Av‡iv
GKevi †`‡LwQ‡jb| [ A_©vr eiB eûj †`‡k †Kvb GK
†jvK Abyi“c †`‡LwQ‡jb|] A jvKvØ ivqvû-- RvbœvZzj
gvIqv| [53: bvRg-13,14] A_©: wbðqB Zv‡K Av‡iKevi
†`‡LwQj; eiB evMv‡b (†Q`ªvZzj ‡gvbZvnv)| wK
†`‡LwQ‡jb! mKj Abyev`K I ZdQxiKviMY gš—e¨
K‡i‡Qb †h, wZwb wReªvBj †d‡i¯—v‡K †`‡LwQ‡jb|
G¶‡Y gymwjg we‡k¦i cÖK…Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i DwPr
Dwj−wLZ `k©b †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K ciL K‡i gymwjg
wek¦‡K hvewZq åvš— wek¦vm I Kíbv †_‡K D×vi Kiv|
*
48 wKe&jv
ÔwKe&jvÕi AvwfavwbK A_©: wKe&jv, †h w`‡K gyL K‡i
bvgv‡h `vuvovq, Kvev kixd, g‡bvwb‡e‡ki †K›`ª¯’j| [`ª:
AvaywbK Aviex-evsjv Awfavb; gvIjvbv gywnDwÏb Lvb|]

kãwUi cÖ_g wZbwU cÖPwjZ BmjvwgK cwifvlvi A_©
gyjZt †h A_©B bq Zv e¨vL¨v wb®cÖ‡qvRb| Bnvi mij
A_© nIqv DwPr: w`K, wbkvbv, m¤§yL, †ivL&, †K›`ª BZ¨vw`;
Av‡iv eû iK‡gi mijv_© n‡Z cv‡i| Avi gg©v_©: j¶¨,
D‡Ïk¨, Mš—e¨, i¾y, g‡bvwb‡ek ev mvabvi †K›`ª¯’j ev
we›`y|
gvby‡li j¶¨ ev †K›`ª Zvi mªóvi w`‡K cÖZ¨veZ©b,
mªóv‡Z jxb nIqv| mªóvB gvby‡li GKgvÎ wKe&jv| mªóv
me©e¨vcx, wKš‘ Zvi myPbv ev †K›`ªwe›`y ¯^-¯^ ü`q; Avcb
ü`q †_‡KB gvby‡li Kg©vKg©, ag©vag©, wek¦vm, Ávb-weÁvb,
mªóv Dcjwã ev cÖwßi myPbv nq| A Avjvgy Avbœvj−vnv-Zznkvi“b| [8:Avbdvj-24] A_©: Ges †R‡b ivL †h, Avj−vn
gvbyl I Zvi Aš—‡ii Aš—¯’‡j _v‡Kb Ges Zv‡ZB †Zvgiv
wg‡k hv‡e ev A`„k¨ n‡e| A_©vr AvZ¥v †`n †Q‡o Rxe‡b
ev AvZ¥v‡ZB cybt †dir hv‡e, A_©vr ¯’yj †`nwU g„Zz¨ MÖnY
K‡i m~² †`n aviY Ki‡e AZtci †R¨vwZ †`n| AZGe
gvby‡li wKe&jv GKgvÎ ¯^-¯^ ü`q| †m Rb¨B †Kvivb e‡j:
Zzwg †hLv‡bB _vKbv †Kb, †hLvb †_‡KB †ei nI bv †Kb
[me©`vB] gmwR`yj nviv‡gi w`‡K gyL Ki‡e| A_©vr †h‡Kvb
Ae¯’v‡ZB ev me©¶Y gmwR`yj nviv‡gi w`‡K gyL Ki‡Z
ej‡Q| wKš‘ †Ke&jvi mijv‡_© Zv †Kvb cÖKv‡iB m¤¢eci
bq| †h †Kvb ¯’vb ev Ni A_ev nvwRMY Kvev †_‡K †ei
nIqvi mgq Kvevi w`‡K gyL K‡i †ei nIqv ev me©`v
Kvevi w`‡K g~L K‡i Pjv-‡div Aevš—e Ges nvm¨Ki|
Ô†mR`vÕ †_‡K gmwR` A_© mgwc©Z ¯’vb,mvabvjq,
Dcvmbvjq Avi nvivg A_© msiw¶Z; AZGe ¯^-¯^ Aš—‡i
Avj−vn msiw¶Z Avi hvi g‡a¨ [ü`q] wZwb msiw¶Z †mwUB
Dcvmbvjq| [†`Lyb: 24:b~i 35 bs AvqvZ Ôag© `k©bÕ
Aa¨vq|] Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi eY©bv Abyhvqx Rxe ev gvby‡li
ü`qB Avj−vni Ni| Kvev Avj−vni Ni bq eis Kvev
Avj−vni cÖvPxY HwZnvwmK Dcvmbvjq| A_©vr Avj−vni N‡i
†XvKvi wbivc` wbtSÄvU I msiw¶Z GKwU ¯’yj ¯’vb n‡jv
gmwR`, gw›`i, Mxh©v, Kvev BZ¨vw` bv‡g cwiwPZ|
gnvbexi byeyqvZ cÖvwßi gmwR` wQj †niv ce©‡Zi wbR©b,
bxie ¸nv|

129

mg wek¦vmx mgvRe× gvby‡li mse× ag©vbyôvb ev
†h‡Kvb Abyôvb cvj‡b wbw`©ó wbqg k„sLjve×Zv
AZ¨vek¨Kxq e‡U| G Rb¨ GKwU me©m¤§Z ¯’vb I w`K
wbw`©ó _vKv `iKvi Ges †m w`KwU wQj gmwR`yj AvKmv|
ZrKvjxb Bûw` I wLª÷vbMY AvKmvi w`‡K †ivL K‡i
cÖv_©bv Ki‡Zv| GgbwK ivQyjmn be¨ †gvm‡jgMYI
AvKmvi w`‡KB wKe&jv K‡i QvjvZ Ki‡Zb| Avj−vn
e‡jb, Ôc~e©-cwðg Avj−vni,Õ Ôc~e© wKsev cwðg †h w`‡KB
gyL †divI bv †Kb †m w`‡KB Avj−vnÕ(`ª: 2:evKviv115,177)| ZeyI nVvr K‡i wKejv Nywi‡q †`qvi cÖavb
KviY wQj be¨ f³‡`i [†gvm‡jg] ivQy‡ji Dci Cgvb ev
wek¦v‡mi cix¶v| †Kvivb †`Lyb: Agv RvAvjbvj
wKe&jvZv--AvwKevB‡n| [2:evKviv-243] A_©: Zzwg †h
wKe&jvi AbymiY Ki‡Qv Dnv‡K GB D‡Ï‡k¨ cÖwZwôZ
K‡iwQ hv‡Z Rvb‡Z cvwi †K ivQy‡ji AbymiY K‡i Ges
†K wd‡i hvq?
Avqv‡Z cwi¯‹vi †h wKejv cwieZ©‡bi GKgvÎ KviY
ZrKvjxb be¨ †gvm‡jg‡`i ivQy‡ji Dci wek¦vm ¯’vc‡bi
AMœx cix¶v| KwVb Cgvb`vi Qvov Avw`Kv‡ji Abym„Z
wKejv e`j Kiv be¨ †gvm‡jg‡`i c‡¶ GKwU k³
cix¶vB wQj e‡U GgbwK `uvwo KvUvi †P‡qI KwVb
cix¶v| [ `ª: a‡g© `uvwo †cvkv‡Ki f‚wgKv †`Lyb]
Avgiv DËivwaKvi my‡Î, Rb¥MZ my‡Î, RvwZMZ my‡Î
†gvmjgvb; wbKU AZx‡Z Avgiv Bûw`-wLª÷vb wQjvg bv;
Avgv‡`i wKe&jv KLbI c~e©w`‡K ev gmwR`yj AvKmvi
w`‡K wQj bv| AZGe Avgiv H cix¶viI m¤§yLxb bB,
eva¨evaKZvI †bB; myZivs AvK&mvi w`‡K A_ev †h †Kvb
w`‡K wd‡i bvgvR Ki‡j cv‡ci Avi †Kvb fq ev mskq
†bB| KviY Avj−vnB †m wbðqZv w`‡jb:
jvBQvj †eiªv--gyËvK¡yb| [2:evKviv-177] A_©: c~e©
wKsev cwðg w`‡K †Zvgv‡`i gyL [wKe&jv] Ki‡Z †KvbB cyY¨
†bB; wKš‘ cyY¨ Av‡Q †Kn Avj−vn, ciKvj, wdwikZvMY,
mg¯— wKZve Ges mg¯— bexM‡Yi f³ n‡j [Cgvb Avb‡j]
Ges Avj−vn †cÖ‡g [civ‡_© ] AvZ¥xq-¯^Rb, wcZ…nxb,
AfveMÖ¯—, ch©UK, mvnvh¨ cÖvw_©MY‡K Ges `vm gyw³i Rb¨

A_© `vb Ki‡j, mvjvZ cÖwZwôZ †i‡L cweÎ _vK‡j Ges
cÖwZkÖ“wZ w`‡q Zv c~Y© Ki‡j, A_© msK‡U `ytL-†K¬‡k I
msMÖvg-m¼‡U ˆah© aviY Ki‡j| BnvivB Zviv hviv
mZ¨civqY Ges BnvivB cÖK…Z f³ [gyËvKx]|
Avqv‡Z cwi¯‹vi †h bvgvR ev cvc-cyY¨ †Kvb w`K ev
cÖPwjZ wKejvi Dci wbf©i K‡i bv, eva¨evaKZvI †bB|
AZGe †h †Kvb †jvK ev RvgvZ †h †Kvb mgq Ges †h
†Kvb w`‡K wd‡i bvgvR Kivq †Kviv‡bi †Kvb evav †bB|
Ae¯’vi cwi‡cw¶‡Z ev †h †Kvb Ae¯’vq GKK ev `je×
Qvjv‡Z me©m¤§wZµ‡g †h †Kvb w`‡K wd‡i bvgvR Kiv
†Kvivb ¯úó I myVvg wb‡`©k K‡i|
bvgv‡R `uvwo‡q cÖavb I †kªóZg kc_| A_©: Aek¨
Aek¨B Avwg cwic~Y©fv‡e Zvi w`‡K gyL [wKe&jv] Kijvg
whwb `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i m„wó KZ©v; Avwg †cŠËwjK bB| A_©vr
Avwg Aš—‡ii Aš—t¯’‡ji w`‡K `„p I cwic~Y©fv‡e AvZ¥¯’
njvg| G gyû‡Z© Avgvi †`n gb-cÖv‡Yi wZj AskI
msmv‡ii w`‡K bq, †e‡n¯—, †d‡i¯—v gmwR` ev Kvevi
w`‡KI bq; ü`q Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb A‡½i w`‡K bq; A_©vr
Avwg Avgvi j¶¨ ev wKejv `yÕgy‡Lv bq [†gvk‡iK]| GB
ce©Zmg Iqv`vi c‡iB wK K‡i ewj: hvi ms‡¶c A_©
`vovq ÔAvj−vn wKe&jv †Q‡o Kvev wKe&jv njvg A_ev
Avj−vni wKe&jvI Kijvg, Kvevi wKe&jvI Kijvg!
Bgvg‡KI wKe&jv Kijvg! ¶vwYK c~‡e©B †Zv Iqv`v K‡iwQ
†h Avwg `yÕgy‡Lv [†k‡iKx] bB!
wKe&jv m¤^‡Ü Av‡jvPbvi cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ I welqe¯‘
Dc‡i ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| cÖPwjZ wKe&jv cwieZ©‡bi wZj
cwigvYI a„óZv †bB| Avwg wb‡RI Kvev gyL Kwi| KviY
gyL hLb Av‡Q ZLb ¯^fveZtB GKw`‡K wd‡i _v‡KB Avi
†h KviYB †nvK ev hvi Rb¨B †nvK †Kviv‡b hLb Kvevi
K_v D‡j−L Av‡Q ZLb †m w`‡KB gyL K‡i bvgvR Kiv
hyw³m½Z Ges cÖwZwôZ k„sL¨jv| wKš‘ ZvB e‡j GKB
bvgv‡R `yÕwU wbqZ hyw³ m½Z bq| Kvevi w`‡K wd‡i
AvwQB Zv wbq‡Zi bv‡g cybt †NvlYvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv|
Lvevi wbqZ Kijvg, Awd‡m hvIqvi wbqZ Kijvg
AZtci ïi“ Kiv nq bv| ÔweQwgj−vwni ingvwbi ivwngÕ

130

A_©vr civ‡_©B Rxeb-giY hveZxq KvR K‡g©i wbqZ Ges
wKe&jv n‡jv Avj−vn, ¯^-¯^ ü`q; GQvov Ab¨ wKQy Kíbv
KivB †k‡iKx|
Kvev N‡i nvRx‡`i cÖ‡e‡ki AwaKvi eÜ Kiv n‡q‡Q
Zv †ewk w`‡bi K_v bq; c~‡e© Kvev N‡ii g‡a¨ nvwRMY
hLb ev hw` bvgvR K‡ib, eZ©gv‡b Avi‡ei ev`kv eQ‡i
GKevi hLb Kvevq Xy‡Kb ZLb Ô Bjv wRnvwZj KvevwZm
kvwidv‡Z Avj−vû AvKeviÕ wbqZwU wK K‡ib ev Ki‡Z nq
wK! Avi Ki‡jB wK hyw³m½Z nq! Kvevq Xy‡K Kvevi
w`‡K †ivL K‡i wKfv‡e! AZGe ÔBjv wRnvwZj
KvevwZmkwidv‡ZÕ D”PviY A`yi`wk© I e¨w³-`j iwPZ
Ges Zv †Kvivb Amg_©wZZ|
cÖPwjZ kwiqZ Avw`Kvj †_‡K GB †Ke&jv wb‡q
gZwe‡iva I SMov weev` K‡i Avm‡Qb| c„w_exi †h
†hLv‡bB _vK, Kvevi w`‡K cvqLvbv-cÖmªve Kiv hv‡e bv,
_y_y †djv hv‡e bv, nuvwP †`qv hv‡e bv e‡j AmsL¨ nvw`m
iwPZ Av‡Q; cvkvcvwk Gi wecix‡Z ivQyj †Kejv †ivL ev
wcQb K‡i cvqLvbv-cÖmªve K‡i‡Qb e‡jI nvw`m iwPZ
Av‡Q hv Ab¨Î D‡j−L Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKejv B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq
Ab¨w`‡K ev wKwÂr †eKv †Zov n‡j GgbwK Av½yj †eKv†Zov n‡jI bvgvR nq bv e‡j kwiqZ d‡Zvqv †`b|
†mRb¨ K¤úvm ev my‡Zv w`‡qI wKe&jv wba©viY Ki‡Zb| [`ª:
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ c„: 317]
Avgv‡`i †kªô RvwZi Ávb-eyw×i Pig AatcZ‡bi
bwRi Avi KZ †jLv hvq! we‡`k-wefyB‡q Ges A‡Pbv
RvqMvq cÖvqm GB †Kejv wb‡q mskq-m‡›`n I evKweZÛv cwijw¶Z nq| hvbevn‡b gyQwj−‡`i †`Lv hvq †h,
bvgv‡R iZ Ae¯’vq hvbevnb †Nvivi m‡½ m‡½ Zv‡`i
†KejvI †Nviv‡Z _v‡K, hv wbZvš— †Q‡j gvbylx, Aevš—i,
GgbwK cÖK…Z bvgv‡Ri D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ cÛ K‡i †`q| †Mvj
c„w_ex‡Z evm K‡i †h w`‡KB g~L wdiv‡bv nq Ges †h
w`‡KB AbeiZ Pj‡Z _v‡K Zvi Mš—e¨ GKK we›`y‡ZB
†cuŠ‡Q †`q|
m~h© †Nvivi m‡½ m‡½ m~h©¨gyLx dz‡ji wKe&jv †hgb
†Nviv‡Z _v‡K wVK †Zgwb gvby‡li ˆZwi BU-cv_‡ii Ni

Kvev, gmwR`, evewo gmwR`, Kvkx, AvK&mvq Avkivdzj
gLjyKv‡Zi g~j wKejv ÔAvj−vnÕ †_‡K Nywi‡q ivL‡Q hyM hyM
a‡i| Avi ZvB nZ¨v, Lyb, aŸsm n‡”Q Avj−vn-fMev‡bi Ni
gbyl¨ RvwZ| GB Roev` wbg©~j Kiv Av‡jg‡`iB `vwqZ¡
e‡U|
***

131

civ‡_©

lô Aa¨vq
49 Pvi wewe ‰ea bq
cÖvq nvRvi eQ‡ii AwaKKvj †_‡K gymwjg we‡k¦
†Kviv‡bi †h weavbwUi †`vnvB w`‡q GKvwaK wewe †fvM
K‡i Avm‡Qb †m weavbwU cvVK‡`i m¤§vbv‡_© GLv‡bB
cÖ`Ë n‡jv:
ABb wLdZzg Avj−v-ZzKwQZz wdj BqvZv-gv dvbwKû
gv-Z¡v-ev jvK¡zw¤§bvwbœQv-B gvøv-A-Qyjv-Qv, Ai“ev-Av,
dvBb wLdZzg Avj−v-ZvÕ w`jy dvIqvwn`vZvb AvDgvgvjvKvZ& AvBgvbyK¡zg; Rv-wjKv Av`bv-Avj−v-ZvÕDjy [4:
wbQv-3]|
A_©: †Zvgiv hw` AvksKv Ki †h, GwZg‡`i cÖwZ
mywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e weevn Ki‡e bvix‡`i ga¨
†_‡K hv‡K †Zvgv‡`i fvj jv‡M, `yB, wZb A_ev Pvi;
Avi hw` AvksKv Ki †h, mywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e
GKRb‡K A_ev †Zvgv‡`i AwaKvif‚³ GKRb `vmx‡K
Bnv‡Z c¶cvwZZ¡ bv Kivi AwaKZi m¤¢vebv|
ZrKvjxb †gvm‡jgMY Avj−vni bexi †bZ…‡Z¡ G‡Ki ci
GK hy× Rq KiwQ‡jb| G‡Z AmsL¨ bvix †gvm‡jg‡`i
nv‡Z e›`x nq| hv‡`i wcZvgvZv, ¯^vgx mK‡jB
†gvm‡jg‡`i nv‡Z wbnZ nq| Aciw`‡K AmsL¨ †gvm‡jg
bvixMYI Zv‡`i ¯^vgx Ges gvZv-wcZv nvivb| Dwj−wLZ
†Kviv‡bi fvlvq Giv mK‡jB GwZg| GKgvÎ GB mKj
GwZg‡`i e¨vcv‡iB ewY©Z Avqv‡Z we‡qi wb‡`©kbvgv|
ZrKvjxb hy‡×i wbqg ev ivR‰bwZK weavb †gvZv‡eK
hy× jã Ab¨vb¨ m¤ú‡`i gZB GwZg ev AwaK…Z GwZg‡`i
mnvq m¤ú`mn Zv‡`i wbivcËvi Rb¨ ˆmb¨ Ges mgv‡Ri
KZ©v e¨w³‡`i g‡a¨ e›Ub Kiv n‡Zv, †h‡nZz ZLb
KvivMv‡ii my e¨e¯’v wQj bv| G‡`i fiY-†cvlY,
evm¯’vb, wbivcËvmn †hŠb †fv‡MiI AwaKvi wQj| wKš‘
¯¿xi gh©v`v †`qv n‡Zv bv| †`Lyb:
ABqv¯—vdZzbvKv -- Avjxgv| [4:wbQv: 127]| A_©:

Ges †jv‡Kiv †Zvgvi wbKU bvix‡`i welq Rvb‡Z Pvq,
ej! Avj−vn †Zvgvw`M‡K Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü e¨e¯’v w`‡q‡Qb|
GwZg bvix m¤^‡Ü hv‡`i cÖvc¨ †Zvgiv cÖ`vb Ki bv A_P
†Zvgiv Zv‡`i we‡q /†fvM Ki‡Qv/Ki‡Z PvI Ges Amnvq
wkï I GwZg‡`i cÖwZ †Zvgv‡`i b¨vh¨ wePvi m¤^‡Ü
†KZv‡e hv wewae× n‡q‡Q, Zvi Dci Kv‡qg _vK| †h
†Kvb mr KvR †Zvgiv K‡i _vK Avj−vn Zv Rv‡bb|
Gmg¯— wewea Kvi‡Y be¨ †gvm‡jgMY mxgvnxb I Aeva
bvix †fv‡Mi my‡hvM cvq| d‡j mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK
Pig Ae¶‡qi AvksKvq GKwU KwVb k‡Z©i Aax‡b
[mge¨envi] Dwj−wLZ H GwZg bvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 2, 3 ev
4 Rb‡K we‡q Kivi AwaKvi w`‡q Zv‡`i ¯¿x-gh©v`v cÖ`vb
Z_v mxgvnxb †hŠbvPvi myKwVbfv‡e wbqš¿Y Kiv nq|
weavbwU mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ Aek¨B b‡n| eis we‡kl Kvj,
we‡kl Ae¯’vq GKgvÎ Amnvq, GwZg bvix‡`i AwaKvix
cyi“l‡`i Rb¨ GKwU we‡kl weavb| hv G¶‡Y AgymwjgMYI
GK ev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb †h, weavbwU gy‡jB D`vi, gnr I
mvg¨ev`x| A_P AvqvZwUi Ac-e¨vL¨v K‡i Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB Agymwjg mgv‡R †Kvivb I gnvbex‡K Ak−xj
weZ‡K© Rwo‡q †d‡j‡Qb; hw`I BD‡ivc, Av‡gwiKvbMY
bvix †fv‡Mi welq cïi gZB D`vi wKš‘ GKgvÎ ivóª
†bZvi †¶‡Î Amxg e¨wZµg|
Pvi we‡q diR nq wKfv‡e!! eis Dnv ÔAvbdvjÕ;
ÔbdjÕ k‡ãi eûePb| A_©vr AwZkq AwZwi³| Pvi wewe
AwZwi‡³i AwZwi³B‡Zv e‡U!! AZGe, gymjgvbMY Avevi
hw` KLbI †Kvb bexi †bZ…‡Z¡ hy× K‡i Amnvq bvix‡`i
ew›`bx Ki‡Z m¶g nq! gymjgvb bvixMY hw` ¯^vgx I
wcZvgvZv nvwi‡q GwZg nq; AZtci †h mKj ˆmb¨ I
mgvR KZ©v‡`i, hviv H GwZg‡`i jvjb-cvj‡bi AwaKvi
cÖvß n‡eb †Kej gvÎ ZvivB cybivq 2, 3 ev 4 Rb K‡i
wewe MÖn‡Yi my‡hvM cv‡eb, Z‡e mge¨envi I c¶cvZnxb
AvPi‡Yi KwVb k‡Z©| Ab¨_vq Ges mvaviYZ GKR‡bi
†ewk bq, wKQy‡ZB bq|
Pvi wewe mµvš— AvqvZwU mgv‡Ri 99% kZvsk
†gvm‡jgMYB Rv‡bb bv| KviY, kwiqZ g‡bi fz‡jI

132

IqvR bwQn‡Z cÖKvk K‡ib bv| Avj−vni evYx hviv †Mvcb
K‡ib Zvnv‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi ûwkqvwi AZxe j¶¨Yxq:
1. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- ûgyj−v-Bbyb| [2:evKviv-159:] A_©:
Avwg †h me mij evYx I c_ wb‡`©k AeZxY© K‡iwQ,
gvby‡li Rb¨| †KZv‡e Dnv cwi¯‹vifv‡e e¨vL¨v Kivi
c‡iI hviv Dnv †Mvcb K‡i, Avj−vn Zv‡`i jvÕbZ
†`b Ges AwfkvcKvixMYI Awfkvc †`q|
2. Bbœvj−vRxbv--AvRveyb Avjxg| [2:evKviv-174]|
A_©: Avj−vn †h †KZve AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb, hviv Dnv
†Mvcb K‡i I wewbgq Zz”Q g~j¨ MÖnY K‡i, Zviv
wb‡R‡`i †c‡U Av¸b Qvov Avi wKQyB f‡i bv|
wKqvg‡Zi w`b Avj−vn Zv‡`i mv‡_ K_vI ej‡eb bv
Ges cweÎI Ki‡eb bv| Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q gg©š‘`
kvw¯—|
GB mnR, mij I D`vi weavbwU †Mvcb K‡i e¨w³ I
`‡ji †Kvivb wei“× d‡Zvqv Rvix K‡i cÖvq nvRvi
eQ‡ii AwaKKvj hver cÖPwjZ kwiqZ:
1. A‰eafv‡e GKvwaK bvix †fvM Ki‡Qb|
2. ¯^vgxi cÖwZ ¯¿xi [1g ¯¿xi] b¨vh¨ AwaKvi c``wjZ
Ki‡Qb|
3. †KvwU †KvwU bvixi [GKvwaK ¯¿x‡`i] mZxZ¡ niY
Ki‡Qb|
4. Z‡ZvwaK A‰ea mš—vb Rb¥ w`‡q Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b mgMÖ
†gvm‡jg RvwZi i³ AcweÎ K‡i‡Qb|
5. A-gymwjg‡`i Kv‡Q †Kvivb Z_v gnvbex‡K Pigfv‡e
weZwK©Z I †nq cÖwZcbœ K‡i‡Qb|
†Kviv‡b bvix †ek¨vi †hgb mg_©b †bB, cyi“l †ek¨v
nIqviI †Kvb weavb †bB| †Kvivb bvix ev cyi“l Kv‡iviB
c¶cvwZZ¡ K‡i bv, †Kvivb cÖvK…wZK I wbLuyZ mvg¨ev‡`i|
wfbœfv‡e AvqvZwU j¶¨Yxq:
AvqvwU cybt ms‡¶‡c:
Ò†Zvgiv hw` AvksKv Ki †h, GwZg †g‡q‡`i cÖwZ mywePvi
Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e weevn Ki‡e bvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K-`yB, wZb A_ev Pvi; Avi hw` AvksKv Ki †h, mywePvi
Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e GKRb‡K--|Ó

Abyev`wU‡Z gyjZt wK eySv‡Z Pv‡”Qb Zv †gv‡UB ¯úó
bq| †gvUv A¶‡ii evK¨¸wj j¶¨bxq; †Kn Bnvi g~jv_©
D×vi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb e‡j m‡›`nI Kiv hvq bv| KviY,
ejv n‡q‡Q †h, mywePvi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j 2, 3, ev 4 Rb
K‡i we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡i| AZtci H GKB ÔbvÕ myPK kZ©
w`‡q cybivq ejv n‡q‡Q †h, mywePvi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j
GKRb ev AwaKvif‚³ `vmx‡K-- | RwUj mgm¨v e‡jB
g‡b nq!
AZtci AvqvZwUi g~j welqe¯‘ ÔGwZgMYÕ Ges
Zv‡`iB †fvM ev we‡q mµvš— welq; GLv‡b mvaviY ev
¯^vaxbv bvix‡`i wZj cwigvYI fywgKv †bB| AZGe
GwZg‡`i cÖwZ mywePvi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j ÔAb-GwZg ev
mvaviY †g‡q‡`i ga¨ †_‡K PviwU ch©š— ¯¿x MÖnY!Õ Gi
Zvrch© Kv‡iviB †evaMg¨ n‡”Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| we‡k¦i
†Kvb Av‡j‡gi †evaMg¨ nq wKbv ZvI Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB|
AZGe cÖ_g kZ©wU hw` Ôn¨vÕ mP‚K aiv nq, Z‡e
¯^fveZtB †jvfvZzi cyi“l ÔmywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡eÕ GB
ARynv‡Z ci ci 4 ¯¿x MÖnY AZtci ÔmywePvi Ki‡Z
cvi‡jv bvÕ GB ARynv‡Z AbeiZ we‡q I ZvjvK Ae¨vnZ
†i‡LB GKvwaK bZzb bZzb ¯¿x mKj mgq envj †i‡L
mgv‡R Pig Ak−xj I AivRMZvi m„wó Ki‡e Ges AbeiZ
K‡i Pj‡Q|
ZvQvov Avqv‡Z cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a GKwU ¯¿x msmv‡i envj
ivLvi Rb¨ 2q, 3q A_ev 4_© evi ch©š— we‡q Ki‡Z
cvi‡e A_ev AwZwi³ †gvU 4 Rb ¯¿x GKm‡½ envj
ivL‡Z cvi‡e Zvi †KvbUvB cwi¯‹vi ev ¯úó bv _vK‡jI
cÖ_gwU †h hyw³m½Z Zv AvqvZwUi cieZ©x As‡k mv¶¨
enb K‡i; Z‡e c~‡e©B ejv n‡q‡Q †h, GB e¨wZµgag©x
weavbwU ZrKvjxb AwaK…Z ÔGwZg‡`iÕ †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨ wQj;
wKš‘ AvR Avi †m ÔGwZgÕ Gi Aw¯—Ë¡ †bB|
GKwU cyi“‡li GKm‡½ Pvi ¯¿x MÖnY mykxj I f`ª
mgv‡R KLbIB MÖnYxq bq Ges AZx‡Zi †Kvb a‡g©B Zv
¯^xKvi K‡i bv, †Kviv‡bi GKwU weavbI bZzb bq Ges
c¶cvwZZ¡ weavb Avj−vni n‡Z cv‡i bv|
Dwj−wLZ wek` Av‡jvPbvi Av‡jv‡K AvqvZwUi gg©v_©

133

hw` Giƒc nq †h, Ò¯^-¯^ Aaxb¯’ GwZg‡`i i¶K wnmv‡e
Aeva †fvM wbwl×| Z‡e mywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡j ev m¤¢e
n‡j 2, 3 ev 4 Rb [A_©vr A¸YwZ, ¯^-¯^ †hvM¨Zv I ¶gZv
Abyhvqx] GwZg we‡q K‡i ¯¿xi gh©v`v w`‡q m¤§vb I
AwaKv‡ii mgZv i¶v Ki; A&b¨_vq †h‡Kvb Ae¯’vq A_©vr
GwZg, `vmx mvaviYB †nvK GKR‡bi ‡ekx bq,Ó bqB bq|
¯^vaxbv bvix‡`i cÖkœB GLv‡b Aevš—i I Aev¯—e| mvaviY
ev ¯^vaxbv bvixMY gv-evc Qvov Kv‡iv Aaxb bb †h, †Kn
we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡jB 1g ev 4_© ¯¿x wnmv‡e ivwR n‡q
hv‡eb!
cÖavbZt †¶‡Î we‡kl Ges AKvU¨ KviY e¨ZxZ GKRb
cyi“l G‡Ki AwaK ¯¿x Kíbv KivI AcÖvK…wZK, AgvbweK
‡nZz ¯^fveZB nvivg e‡U!
Avqv‡Z ÔGwZgÕ kãwU wb‡q †ek gZwe‡iva weØgvb|
KwZcq Abyev`KMY Dnvi A_© K‡i‡Qb: Aid¨vb, gvevcnxY wkï wK‡kvi Avi G my‡hv‡M mvgv‡jvPKMY
†Kvivb‡K m‡›`n I weZ‡K©i AvIZvq †d‡j w`‡q‡Qb †h,
Ô†Kvivb AgvbweK wkï we‡q ev †hŠY †fvM Aby‡gv`b
K‡i|Õ Bnv LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ KwZcq Abyev`K I Zdwmiwe`
e‡jb †h, ÔGwZg bq eis GwZg‡`i gvZv‡`i 2, 3, ev 4
Rb‡K we‡qi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q;Õ hw`I Dwj−wLZ Ô¯^vaxbv
bvixÕ evK¨wUi gZB ÔgvZv‡`iÕ †Kvb AvjvgZ AvqvZwUi
av‡i-Kv‡QI †bB; eis Amnvq weaev ev weevn‡hvM¨
GwZg‡`i‡KB ¯úó K‡i ejv n‡q‡Q| [Dc‡i †`Lyb: 4:
127] g~jZt GLv‡b ÔGwZgÕ ej‡Z mnvq m¤^j nvwi‡q ‡h
mg¯— bvixMY AcÖZ¨vwkZfv‡e wb`vi“Y Amnvq n‡q B”Qvi
wei“‡× A‡b¨i `vkx ev Aaxb¯’ n‡q Av‡Q; gš—e¨wUi c‡¶
gvbweK Ávb-eyw× QvovI AvwfavwbK mg_©bI cvIqv hvq:
BqvZgyb, BqvZvgyb, BqvZxg, BqvZxgyb A_© h_vµ‡g:
wbtm½ n‡q cov, Amnvq n‡q hvIqv, †QvU n‡q hvIqv,
`ye©j n‡q cov, †`ix Kiv, wcZ…nxY, AwffveKnxY, g~j¨evb
gy³, ZzjbvnxY e¯‘| [`ª: Aviex-evsjv Awfavb; gv.
gywnDÏxb Lvb]
GZ¶Y Ômge¨enviÕGi k‡Z© GwZg‡`i ga¨ ‡_‡K
GKvwaK we‡qi K_v ejv n‡qwQj; wKš‘ cÖK…Zc‡¶

mge¨envi Ki‡Z †h cvi‡e bv eis Am¤¢e Aev¯—e Zv wbæ
Avqv‡Z ¯’vqx wm×vš— w`‡q‡Q:
Ajvb ZvQZvwZD-- ivwng| [4:wbQv-129] A_©: Ges
†Zvgiv hZB †Póv Ki bv †Kb GKvwaK ¯¿x‡`i cÖwZ mgvb
e¨envi Ki‡Z KLbIB cvi‡e bv; myZivs †Zvgiv †Kvb
GKR‡bi w`‡K Suz‡K cwoI bv Ges Aci‡K Szjv‡bv
Ae¯’vq †iL bv| hw` †Zvgiv wbRw`M‡K ms‡kvab Ki I
mveavb nI Z‡e Avj−vn ¶gvkxj `qvjy|
ms‡¶‡c AvqvZwUi g~jv_© n‡jv mge¨envi G‡Kev‡iB
Am¤¢e, AZGe GKvwaK ¯¿x AwaKvi K‡i hviv eZ©gvb
Av‡Qv! Zviv †Kvb GK ¯¿xi cÖwZ Suy‡K †_‡K Aci‡K Szwj‡q
bv †i‡L eis G¶‡Y, Awej‡¤^ gy³ K‡i `vI Ges A‰ea
†hŠY jvjmv mvgjvI Ges GKRb wb‡qB mš‘ó _vK| A_©vr
GK m‡½ GKvwaK ¯¿x MÖnY m‡e©vZfv‡e cwiZ¨vR¨, GKK
¯¿x-B wk‡ivavh©|
GKgvÎ †Kviv‡bi Dci kwiqZ ev †gŠjev` mš‘ó bq!
Ô‡Kvivb cwic~Y©Õ ¯^xKvi K‡iI `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ Qvov Zv‡`i
wek¦vm Ac~Y© _v‡K; ‡mB nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K, kwiq‡Zi
wek¦vm g‡Z ¯^qs gnvbexI ¯^xq ¯¿x‡`i cÖwZ mge¨envi
Ki‡Z cv‡ib wb eis cÖKv‡k¨ c¶cvwZZ¡ K‡i‡Qb Ges G
wb‡q ¯¿x‡`i g‡a¨ wnsmv we‡Øl `jv`wj †h n‡q‡Q Zv
kwiqZ GKev‡K¨ nvZ Zz‡jB mv¶x †`q, †`Lyb :
Òwewe Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, ivQy‡ji
weweM‡Yi g‡a¨ `ÕywU `j wQj| GK `‡j wQ‡jb Avqkv,
nvdmv, mwdqv I mvI`v (iv) Ges Aci `‡j wQ‡jb D‡¤§
mvjvgv I evwK weweMY| Avqkvi cÖwZ ivQy‡ji AwaK
gneŸ‡Zi welq mvnvweMY ÁvZ wQ‡jb, ZvB KvnviI wKQy
nvw`qv †`qvi B”Qv n‡j †m cÖwZ¶vq _vK‡Zv †h w`b ivQyj
Avqkvi N‡i _vK‡Zb, †mw`b H nvw`qv cvVv‡Zb| D‡¤§
mvjvgvi `‡ji weweMY (Bnv Dcjwã K‡i wei³ n‡jb Ges
Zviv) mK‡jB ¯^xq `‡ji cÖavb D‡¤§ mvjvgv‡K ej‡jb,
ÔivQy‡ji m‡½ GB weiw³Ki welqwU wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Ki“Y
Ges Zv‡K Aby‡iva Ki“b, wZwb †hb mKj‡K e‡j †`b †h,
ivQyj‡K Kvnv‡iv nvw`qv †`qvi B”Qv n‡j wZwb †h‡Kvb
wewei N‡i _vKv Ae¯’vqB †hb †`qv nq|Õ

134

D‡¤§ mvjvgv welqwU nhi‡Zi wbKU †ck Ki‡jb|
nhiZ †Kvb DËi w`‡jb bv| `‡ji weweMY D‡¤§ mvjvgv‡K
e¨e¯’v MÖn‡Yi welq wRÁvmv Ki‡jb; wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg
e‡jwQjvg, wKš‘ nhiZ †Kvb DËi †`b wb|Õ Zviv
ej‡jb, ÔAvcwb cybivq GB welq Av‡jvPbv Ki“b|Õ nhiZ
hLb D‡¤§ mvjvgvi N‡i Avm‡jb ZLb wZwb cybivq H
welq †ck Ki‡jb| GeviI nhiZ †Kvb DËi †`b wb|
`‡ji weweMY 3q evi Zv‡K ej‡jb| D‡¤§ mvjvgv GeviI
nhi‡Zi wbKU H welq Av‡jvPbv Ki‡jb| Gevi nhiZ
ej‡jb, ÔAvqkvi e¨vcv‡i Avgv‡K wei³ KwiI bv|
(Avqkvi †h we‡klZ¡ Av‡Q Ab¨ KvnviI †m we‡klZ¡ †bB)
Avwg Avqkvi weQvbvq _vKvKvjxb (†ekx) Awn Av‡m wKš‘
Ab¨ †Kvb wewei weQvbvq _vKv Kvjxb (†mBiƒc) Awn Av‡m
bv| GZ`kªe‡Y D‡¤§ mvjvgv web‡qi m‡½ AviR Ki‡jb,
ÔBqv ivQyj−vn! Avwg Avcbvi Amš‘wói Kvh© †_‡K Avj−vni
`iev‡i ZIev KiwQ|Õ [cvVK‡`i cyb: mRvM _vKv `iKvi
†h, Dwj−wLZ nvw`mwU‡Z eªv‡K‡Ui K_v¸wj g~j nvw`‡m
†bB; Dnv Abyev`‡Ki ¯^-¯^xK…Z nvw`‡mi Dci e¨w³MZ
Ges Avcw³Ki n¯—‡¶c gvÎ|]
AZtci Zvi `‡ji weweMY dv‡Zgv‡K (iv) †W‡K
Avb‡jb Ges H welq Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ nhi‡Zi wbKU
cvVv‡jb| dv‡Zgv (iv) nhi‡Zi wbKU wM‡q ej‡jb,
ÔAvcbvi weweMY Aby‡iva Ki‡Qb, Avcwb Aek¨B Avey
eKi Zbqv I Zv‡`i g‡a¨ mgZv i¶v Ki‡eb ;Õ dv‡Zgv
GB e‡j mg¯— welq e¨³ Ki‡jb| ivQyj ej‡jb, Ô†ø‡ni
†ewU! Avwg hv‡K gneŸZ Kwi Zzwg Zv‡K gneŸZ Ki‡e
bv?Õ Dˇi dv‡Zgv ej‡jb, ÔwbðqB|Õ nhiZ ej‡jb,
ÔZ‡e Avqkv‡K gneŸZ Ki|Õ dv‡Zgv weweM‡Yi wbKU G‡m
mKj NUbv e¨³ Ki‡jb| Zviv cybivq hvevi Rb¨ Aby‡iva
Ki‡jb, dv‡Zgv A¯^xKvi Ki‡jb|
AZtci weweMY Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †_‡K hqbe‡K cvVv‡jb,
wZwbI DnvB ej‡jb †h, ÔAvcbvi weweMY Avcbvi wbKU
Aby‡iva Ki‡Qb, Avcwb Avey eKi Zbqv I Zv‡`i g‡a¨
mgZv i¶v Ki‡eb|Õ GB e‡j hqbe D”P¯^‡i K_v ej‡Z
jvM‡jb| GgbwK Avqkvi cÖwZI KUv¶ Avi¤¢ Ki‡jb|

Avqkv wbK‡UB e‡mwQ‡jb| hqbe Hiƒc KiwQ‡jb Avi
nhiZ Avqkvi cÖwZ ZvKvw”Q‡jb †h, wZwb DËi †`b wKbv| AvqkvI ivQy‡ji cÖwZ ZvKvwQ‡jb †h, cÖZz¨Ë‡ii
AbygwZ †`b wK bv! AbygwZi Abyfe K‡i Avqkv Giƒc
cÖZz¨Ëi Ki‡jb †h, hqbe wbi“Ëi n‡q †M‡jb| ZLb bexi
†Pnviv †gveviK Lywk‡Z Pg‡K DVj| wZwb Avqkv‡K evnŸv
w`‡q ej‡jb, Ônu¨v GB †Zv Avey eK‡ii †ewU!Õ [`ª:†evLvix,
3q LÛ, AvwRRyj nK; c„: 11]
[Avqkvi RevewU †Mvcb ivLvi inm¨ wK! ¯^vgx‡`i
mš‘wó I mZxb‡`i †Kb GB A‡gvN †Qvqve †_‡K ewÂZ
Kiv n‡jv! Ggb cÖ‡kœi DËi kwih‡Zi cÖ¯‘Z Kiv Av‡Q wK
bv!]
AvqvZwUi Ask we‡kl cybt †`Lyb: Ô--weevn Ki‡e
bvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 2, 3, 4--|Õ GLv‡b Ôbvix‡`iÕ ej‡Z
kwiqZ D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB mvaviY ev ¯^vaxbv bvix‡`i
eywS‡q‡Q; wKš‘y cyi“lMY †h ¯^vaxbv bvix‡`iB we‡q K‡i Zv
Awn K‡i ejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv| AZGe Õbvix‡`iÕ ej‡Z
GwZg bvix‡`i‡K †h eywS‡q‡Q Zv AvqvZwUi ïi“‡ZB ¯úó
K‡i ejv n‡q‡Q Ges AvqvZwUi welqe¯‘B GwZg‡`i
welq| GB mnR mij welqwU eyS‡Z Mfxi M‡elYvi
cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| AZGe kwiqZ †h Avcb
¯^v_© wmw×i Rb¨B AvqvZwUi Ac-e¨vL¨v K‡i Avw`Kvj
†_‡K bvix‡`i Dci Aeva †fvMvwaKvi AwePvi, wbh©vZb
K‡i Avm‡Q, AvR‡Ki †fvMev`x Bgvg-Av‡jg, Kw_Z
cxi I Aviex †kL, ev`kvMYI Zvi Rjš— cÖgvY|
nvRvi erm‡ii cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi KvjvKvbyb Ôg`b
wgivmÕ G,†K, dRjyj nK iwnZ K‡i kwiq‡Zi Dci
c`vNvr K‡i KZ j¶ †KvwU Amnvq wkï‡`i b¨vh¨ AwaKvi
i¶vK‡í nK mv‡ne wPi¯§iYxq n‡q Av‡Qb| Ck¦i P›`ª
we`¨vimvMi mZx`vn cÖ_vi wei“‡× msMÖvg K‡i Zv iwnZ
Ki‡Z m¶g nb wKš‘ ¶gZvi cyRvwi †ckv`vix kwiqZ ev
†gŠjev` Uz kãwUI Kivi mvnm cvq wb|
Z`vbxš—b †cÖwm‡W›U AvBqye Lvb Pvi ¯¿xi Kzdj cÖZ¨¶
K‡i Zvi mgvavK‡í mva¨gZ GKwU bZzb kwiqZ iPbv
K‡ib †h, ÔcÖ_g ¯¿xi AbygwZ Qvov GKvwaK we‡q Ki‡Z

135

cvi‡e bv|Õ AvBbwU kwiq‡Zi Dci KwVY c`vNvr Ges
AvRI Zv ejer Av‡Q| wKš‘ kw³i cyRvwi kwiqZ Uz-kãwU
Kivi mvnm cvq wb| c~‡e©i Ôms¯‹viÕ eBwU Zvi nv‡Z
co‡j GK m‡½ GKvwaK ¯¿x MªnY nvivg †NvlYvmn eBwUi
c~Y© `k©b †h ejer Ki‡Zb Zv wb:m‡›`‡n ejv hvq| †`‡ki
cÖwZôvZv knx` †kL mv‡ne, Zzjbvg~jK mdj †cÖwm‡W›U
knx` wRqvI †h HwZnvwmK fywgKv ivL‡Zb Zv‡ZI m‡›`n
wQj bv|
R‰bK †jwLKv Zmwjgv bvmwib e¨w³MZfv‡e wK Ges
†Kgb Zv Kv‡iv Rvbvi K_v bq; Zvi 4 ¯^vgx MÖn‡Yi `vexwU
hyw³m½Z e‡U! kwiqZ GKvwaK ¯¿x MÖn‡Yi ¯’vqx weavb
ˆZwi K‡i cyi“l †gvm‡jg‡`i cÖKvk¨ cwZZve„wËi A‰ea
weavb cÖwZôv K‡i‡Q| †mLv‡b Zmwjgv bvmwi‡bi e¨w³MZ
welq N„Y¨ e‡U wKš‘ Zzjbvq Zz”QB ejv hvq| G¶‡Y kwiqZ
Zvi Pvi wewe mµvš— nvivg, Ak−xj AvBbwU iwnZ K‡i
cÖKv‡k¨ ZIev Ki‡j, Zmwjgv bvmwib Aek¨B Pvi ¯^vgx
MÖn‡Yi `vexwU †h cÖZ¨vnvi K‡i wb‡eb Zv‡Z m‡›`n _vKvi
K_v bq|
*
50 we‡qi AvIZv
K. A jv ZvbwKû-- ivwng| [4: wbQv-22,23] A_©:
bvix‡`i g‡a¨ †Zvgv‡`i wcZ…cyi“l hv‡`i‡K we‡q
K‡i‡Q, †Zvgiv Zv‡`i we‡q KwiI bv; c~‡e© hv
n‡q‡Q, n‡q‡Q| Bnv Ak−xj, AwZkq N„Y¨ I wbK…ó
AvPiY|
‡Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ wbwl× Kiv n‡q‡Q: †Zgv‡`i gvZv,
Kb¨v, fMœx, dzdz, Lvjv, åvZz®úyÎx, fvwMbx, `yagvZv, `ya-fwMbx, kvïox I †Zvgv‡`i ¯¿xw`‡Mi
g‡a¨ hvi mwnZ msMZ n‡qQ Zvi c~e© ¯^vgxi Ji‡m
Zvi Mf©RvZ Kb¨v, hviv †Zvgv‡`i AwffveK‡Z¡
Av‡Q; Z‡e hw` Zv‡`i mwnZ msMZ bv n‡q _vK
Zv‡Z †Zvgv‡`i †Kvb Aciva †bB| Ges †Zvgv‡`i
Rb¨ wbwl× †Zvgv‡`i JimRvZ cy‡Îi ¯¿x I `yB

†evb‡K GKÎ Kiv; c~‡e© hv n‡q‡Q. n‡q‡Q| Avj−vn
¶gvkxj, cig `qvjy|
L. ÒAvj BqvIgv-- wgbvj Lv‡Qixb| [5:gv‡q`v-5]|
A_©: AvR †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ mg¯— fv‡jv wRwbl nvjvj
Kiv n‡jv| hv‡`i †KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i
Lv`¨-`ªe¨ †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj I †Zvgv‡`i
Lv`¨-`ªe¨ Zv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj †NvwlZ n‡jv| Ges
gygxb mr PwiÎv bvix, †Zvgv‡`i c~‡e© hv‡`i‡K
†KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i mr PwiÎv bvix
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj Kiv n‡jv| hw` †Zvgiv
Zv‡`i we‡qi Rb¨ †gvni cÖ`vb K‡iv| cÖKvk¨
e¨vwfPvi I Dc-cZœx MÖn‡Yi Rb¨ b‡n| G‡Z Cgvb
bv Avb‡j [A_©vr G wb‡`©k¸wj ¯^xKvi bv Ki‡j]
Zvi mKj KvR-Kg© e¨_© n‡e; AZtci ciKv‡j
¶wZMÖ¯’‡`i `jf‚³ e‡j MY¨ n‡e|
M. Aj LweQybv-- wig| [24:b~i-26] A_©: `yðwiÎv
bvix `yðwiÎ cyi“‡li Rb¨; `yðwiÎ cyi“l `yðwiÎv
bvixi Rb¨;m”PwiÎv bvix m”PwiÎ cyi“‡li Rb¨,
m”PwiÎ cyi“l m”PwiÎv bvixi Rb¨--|
N. Avh¨v wb jv-- y‡gbxbv| [24:byi-3] A_©:
e¨vwfPvix-e¨vwfPvwiYx ev gykwiK bvix‡K e¨ZxZ
we‡q K‡i bv Ges e¨vwfPvwiYx-Zv‡K e¨vwfPvix ev
gykwiK e¨ZxZ †Kn we‡q K‡i bv; gywgb‡`i Rb¨
Bnv wbwl× Kiv n‡q‡Q|
Dwj−wLZ K bs avivwUi e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY wb®cÖ‡qvRb| L,
M I N bs aviv †gvZv‡eK kxqv, Avngw`qv BZ¨vw` ¯^RvwZq `j-Dc`j †Zv wbK‡Ui K_v ! GgbwK wn›`y, †eŠ×,
wLª÷vb, Bûw`, wkL, ˆRb BZ¨vw` mKj RvwZi m‡½ mKj
RvwZi weevn eÜb, mvgvwRK IVv-emv ˆea e‡j †Kvivb
†NvlYv K‡i| †h‡nZz Zviv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB AZxZ †KZveavix
Ges Ck¦i, MW, fMevb ev GKK Avj−vn‡Z I ciKv‡j
wek¦vmx; Dciš‘ wbæ AvqvZØqI KwVbfv‡e mg_©b K‡i:
Bbœvj−vRxbv --BDnhvbyb [2;evKviv-62;5:gv‡q`v69]A_©: hviv †gvm‡jg n‡q‡Q Ges hviv Bûw`,
L„óvb,Qv‡eCb-hvivB (†h‡Kvb RvwZ) Avj−vn I ciKv‡j

136

wek¦vmx I mrKvR K‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ cyi¯‹vi i‡q‡Q
cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU| Zv‡`i †Kvb fq †bB Ges Zviv kvw¯—
I cv‡e bv|
Bûw`, L„óvb, †eŠ×, wkL cÖavbZt g~wZ… cyRv K‡ib bv;
Avi mKj wn›`yB †hgb gywZ© cyRv K‡i bv Z`ª“c mKj
†gvmjgvbB kwiqZx bvgvR-†ivRv K‡i bv; A_©vr
†gvmjgvb RvwZi g‡a¨I ‡gvbv‡dK, †gvk‡iK, Kv‡di,
e¨vwfPvix i‡q‡Q|
A wgbvbœv‡Q-- †e-gygxbxb [2:evKviv-8] A_©: gvby‡li
g‡a¨ Ggb †jvK Av‡Q hviv e‡j, ÔAvgiv Avj−vn I
ciKv‡j wek¦vmx, wKš‘ Zviv wek¦vmx bq|
wek¦v‡mi ev¯—e iƒc ev cÖ‡qvM Qvov †gŠwLK wek¦vm I
Awek¦v‡mi djvdj mgvb; †m wn›`yB †nvK ev gymwjg
wLª÷vbB †nvK! gymwjg n‡qwQ, gymwjg N‡i Rb¥ wb‡qwQ ev
Cgvb G‡bwQ ej‡jB †m gymwjg ev Bgvb`vi bq Ges Zv‡K
¶gv Kiv n‡e bv; eis Pzj‡Piv cix¶v Kiv n‡e::
Avnv‡Qev-- DdZvbyb| [29:AvbKveyZ-2] A_©: gvbyl
wK g‡b K‡i †h, ÔAvgiv Cgvb G‡bwQÕ G K_v ej‡jB
Zv‡K cix¶v bv K‡iB †Q‡o †`qv n‡e?
g~jZt AvqvZ¸wji cÖavb mxgve×Zv ïay m‡Zi m‡½
mZx, Am‡Zi m‡½ AmZx; cv‡Ki m‡½ cvKx, bvcv‡Ki
m‡½ bvcvKx; Abyiƒc Gi wecixZ| AZtci LM©mg †NvlYv
†h, GB wb‡`©k hviv Agvb¨ K‡i ev Ki‡e Zv‡`i hveZxq
ag©-Kg© wbõj n‡q †`vh‡L wbw¶ß n‡e!
Bmjvg ev kvwš—ev`x ag©B gvbe ag©, Bnv cÖmv‡i Ges
Avw` hyM a‡i cÖevwnZ mv¤cÖ`vwqK `v½v wbg©~‡j,ivR‰bwZK
mgm¨v mgvav‡b AvqvZMywj we‡k¦i Ag~j¨ HwZnvwmK `wjj;
wKš‘ wK D‡Ï‡k¨ Ges wK‡mi ¯^v‡_© AvRI Zviv AvqvZ¸wj
†Mvcb †i‡L‡Qb! †Kviv‡bi Aj•Nbxq weavb AbymiY bv
K‡i `j-Dc`j iwPZ LwÛZ ag© wek¦v‡mi Kvi‡YB †`k
Z_v wek¦gq i‡³i eb¨v e‡q hv‡”Q!
O. [2:evKviv-221] A_©:gykwiK bvix-cyi“l †Zvgv‡`i
gy» Ki‡jI Cgvb bv Avbv ch©š— we‡q KwiI bv|
gygxb µxZ `vk-`vkx Z`‡c¶v DËg| Dnviv AwMœi
w`‡K AvnŸvb K‡i wKš‘ Avj−vn RvbœvZ I ¶gvi

w`‡K AvnŸvb K‡ib--|
wkiK ev gymwiK kã AZ¨š— m~² I e¨vcK| wn›`yMY
g~wZ© cyRv K‡iI †hgb Ck¦i-Avj−vn‡K ¯^xKvi K‡i Z`ªƒc
gymjgvbMY Avj−vn‡K ¯^xKvi K‡iI bex-ivQyj I cxi,
gyiwk‡`i AP©bv-e›`bv K‡i, Kei c~Rv K‡i; GgbwK
†gŠjex,gvIjvbv, QvB`x, †LZve aviY K‡i Kw_Z †kªô
a‡g©i aviKMY mv¶vZ Avj−vn `vex K‡i e‡m Av‡Qb! Ab¨
w`‡K Kw_K gv‡idZxMY Ôcx‡ii †Pnvov `k©YB Avj−vn
`k©bÕ wek¦vm K‡i wkiKx cv‡c Awfhy³! wKš‘ wn›`y, wLª÷vb
ev †eŠ×‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb wb‡f©Rvj †gvk‡i‡Ki bwRi †bB
ej‡jB P‡j|
*
51 wbKU fvB-‡evb we‡q cÖ_v nvivg
PvPv‡Zv, dzdv‡Zv, Lvjv‡Zv, gvgv‡Zv fvB-†evb‡`i
g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK© Kiv GgbwK cÖPwjZ ‡Qnv‡QËvq GKwU
gvÎ nvw`mI †bB| c¶vš—‡i, G‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK©
GKgvÎ gnvbex e¨ZxZ mvaviY †gvmjgvb‡`i Rb¨ †Kviv‡b
nvivg †NvwlZ Av‡Q:
ÒBqv AvBqy nv bœvexD -- Mvdzivb ivwngvbÓ|
[33:AvnRve: 50] A_©: †n bex! Avwg †Zvgvi Rb¨ ˆea
K‡iwQ †Zvgvi ¯¿xMY‡K; hv‡`i Zzwg gni cÖ`vb K‡iQ Ges
ˆea K‡iwQ dvq wnmv‡e Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K hv `vb K‡i‡Qb
Z¤§‡a¨ hviv †Zvgvi gvwjKvbvaxb n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i, Ges
we‡qi Rb¨ ˆea K‡iwQ †Zvgvi PvPvi KY¨v I dzdzi
Kb¨v‡K, gvgvi Kb¨v I Lvjvi Kb¨v‡K, hviv †Zvgvi ms‡M
†`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Q Ges †Kvb gywgb bvix bexi wbKU wbR‡K
wb‡e`b Ki‡j Ges bex Zv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j †mI
ˆea| Bnv we‡kl K‡i †ZvgviB Rb¨, Ab¨ gywgb‡`i Rb¨
bq| hv‡Z †Zvgvi †Kvb Amyweav bv nq| gywgb‡`i ¯¿x Ges
Zv‡`i gvwjKvbvaxb `vwmMY m¤^‡Ü hv wba©vwiZ K‡iwQ Zv
Avwg Rvwb| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, cig `qvjy|
AvqvZwU cy‡ivcywi Ges GKgvÎ bexi Rb¨; bex‡K ‡W‡KB
Zvi Rb¨ †Kvb& †Kvb& bvixMY we‡qi Rb¨ ˆea Zv G‡K G‡K

137

eY©bv Kivi ci †k‡l †Nvlbv Kiv n‡q‡Q †h, Dwj−wLZ
wewagvjv GKgvÎ bexi Rb¨ ‰ea, Ab¨ ‡gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ ‰ea
bq| †Nvlbv¸wj µwgK b¤^i Abyhvqx:
K. †Zvgvi ¯¿x‡`i, hv‡`i †gvni Zzwg cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qv|
L. Ges ˆea K‡iwQ dvq wnmv‡e Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K hv `vb
K‡i‡Qb Z®§‡a¨ †_‡K hviv †Zvgvi gvwjKvbvaxb n‡q‡Q
Zv‡`i|
M. Ges we‡qi Rb¨ ˆea K‡iwQ †Zvgvi PvPvi Kb¨v I dzdzi
Kb¨v‡`i, gvgvi Kb¨v I Lvjvi Kb¨v‡`i, hviv †Zvgvi
m‡½ †`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Q|
N. Ges †Kvb gywgb bvix bexi wbKU wbR‡K wb‡e`b
Ki‡j Ges bex Zv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j Zv bexi Rb¨
ˆea|
c¶vš—‡i kwiqZ e‡j GKgvÎ ÔNÕ bs avivwU we‡kl
my‡hvM wnmv‡e bexi Rb¨ wbw`©ó hv Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨
b‡n| evwK wZbwU aviv mKj †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ ˆea! g~jZt
GwU P‚ovš— åvš— I D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z Ace¨vL¨v, KviY:
1. Dwj−wLZ K bs aviv mvaviY †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ ivQy‡ji
weevwnZv ¯¿xMY wK K‡i ˆea n‡Z cv‡i! †mLv‡b e‡j‡Q
ivQyy‡ji †gvni cÖ`Ë¡ weevwnZ ¯¿xMY GKgvÎ ivQyy‡ji
Rb¨B ˆea| ivQyj ZvjvK w`‡j A_ev Zvi g„Zz¨i c‡iI
H ¯¿x‡`i Ab¨ †KD we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| Bnv Ab¨
Avqv‡ZI †NvwlZ Av‡Q †h,Òbex cZœxMY bexi g„Zz¨i
c‡iI Ab¨Î we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Ó[`ª: 33:
AvnRve-53]
2. L bs Avqv‡Z e‡j‡Q †h, hy‡× ew›`bx bvix‡`i g‡a¨
ivQy‡ji Aax‡b AvwkªZv wnmv‡e hviv wQj Zv‡`i ga¨
†_‡K ivQyj ¯¿x wnmv‡e hv‡`i MÖnY K‡i‡Qb ev Ki‡eb
ZvivI mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ nvivg; wKš‘ hv‡`i ïay gvÎ Avkªq
w`‡q‡Qb, we‡q Kivi †Kvb AvksKv †bB Zviv
mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ ‰ea nIqv ¯^vfvweK|
3. M bs avivq ejv n‡q‡Q †h, wbKU †evbMY GgbwK
bexi Rb¨I nvivg, wKš‘ hviv ivQy‡ji Kvi‡Y ev m‡½
†`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Qb, ‡Kej †mB mKj wbKU †evbMYB
nvjvj| weavbwU bZzb bq eis Avw`Kvj †_‡KB nvivg

†NvwlZ n‡q Avm‡Q hv mKj RvwZB mv¶x| Ab¨ †Kvb
RvwZi g‡a¨ wbKU fvB-‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK©
RNb¨ nvivg e‡j MY¨ K‡i| wKš‘ wbKU †evb‡`i g‡a¨
hviv ivQy‡ji Rb¨ ev m‡½ †`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Qb, †Kej
†mB mKj wbKU †evb‡`i B”Qv Ki‡j ivQyj we‡q
Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
4. Avi N bs avivq ejv n‡q‡Q †h, Gi c‡iI †h‡Kvb
‡gv‡gb bvix bex‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j Ges bexi
B”Qv _vK‡j wZwb we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
weavb¸wj mPivPi ev mvaviY bq eis bexi Rb¨ AwZwi³
I we‡kl weavb; hv‡Z bexi KLbI †Kvb Amyweav bv nq|
kwiq‡Zi cÖavb wek¦vm n‡jv †h, Dwj−wLZ K †_‡K N bs
aviv msewjZ 50 bs AvqvZwU me© mvKz‡j¨ GKgvÎ bexi
Rb¨B, Dnvi mv‡_ Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i †KvbB m¤úK©B †bB,
A_©vr AvqvZwU gvbvI `iKvi †bB! Ab¨ †gv‡gbMY myiv
wbQvi 22,23 bs Avqv‡Z ewY©Z 14 m¤úK©xq bvixMY ev‡`
Avi mKj‡K we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡eb| H åvš— aviYvq
mgvR‡K weåvš— K‡i Nwbó fvB-‡evb‡`i we‡q cÖ_v ejer
Ki‡Q| wKš‘ Zv‡`i fvev DwPr †h †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ¸wj
wew”Qbœ bq, G‡K A‡b¨i wecixZ, wei“× bq Ges mKj
Avqv‡Zi gvb mgvb Ges mgvb cvjbxq| ZvÕQvov Zv‡`i
e³e¨, ÔGKgvÎ bexi Rb¨Õ gv‡bB H Avqv‡Zi m‡½
†gv‡gb‡`i †KvbB m¤úK© †bBÕ A_©vr Zv gvbvI `iKvi
†bB| M bs avivwU mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ ˆea n‡j K I L bs
avivØq ¯^fveZB mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ ˆea e‡j ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z
nq, wKš‘ Zv wK m¤¢e! ZeyI kwiqZ e‡j †h, N bs avivwUB
we‡klfv‡e GKgvÎ bexi Rb¨, Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ b‡n|
wKš‘ N bs avivwUB eis Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i m¤úK© _vKv
¯^vfvweK; Kvib, mvaviYZ †gv‡gb bi-bvix Df‡qi
m¤§wZ‡ZB we‡q n‡q _v‡K|
cÖavbZt wnRiwZ Nwbó †evb Qvov Ab¨ Nwbó †evb‡`i
we‡q †hLv‡b bexi Rb¨I nvivg †mLv‡b mvavi‡Yi Rb¨
nvjvj fvevi wZj cwigvY my‡hvM Avjer _vK‡Z cv‡i bv!
Avcb fvB‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q wm× bv nIqvi cÖavb KviY
Df‡qi i‡³i AvbycvwZK mgZv; A_©vr Nwbó fvB-

138

‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ mg-i‡³i AbycvZ Avav-Avwa| gvgvLvjvi †`‡ni i³ I gv‡qi i³ GKB; A_©vr gvgv‡Zv,
Lvjv‡Zv fvB †evb‡`i †`‡ni i³ ¯^-i‡³i AvbycvwZK
gvb& mgvb; Abyiƒc PvPv‡Zv, dzdv‡Zv fvB‡evb‡`i †`‡n
evevi i‡³i AbycvZ mgvb; A_©vr Zv‡`i g‡a¨ ‰cwÎK i³
cÖev‡ni gvb mgvb mgvb e‡jB Avw`Kvj †_‡K mKj Hkx
MÖ‡š’ G‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK© nvivg †NvwlZ n‡q Avm‡Q|
wKš‘ Ak−xj, nvivg d‡Zvqvi e‡`Šj‡Z GKgvÎ
†gvmjgvb‡`i g‡a¨ GB A‰ea Z_v nvivg we‡q cÖ_v P‡j
Avm‡Q nvRvi eQ‡ii AwaKKvj †_‡K! gymwjg we‡k¦ Ggb
†Kvb cwievi †bB hv‡`i `yÕPvi cyi“‡li g‡a¨ †KD bv †KD
cÖ_g KvwRb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK©© K‡ib wb|
Lvjv‡Zv †ev‡bi Ab¨Î we‡q n‡j Zvi mš—vb hv‡K gvgv
WvK‡Zv; ‡mB †evb ‡m wb‡R we‡q Ki‡j †h mš—vb Avm‡e
†m cÖK…Zc‡¶ wK gvgv-PvPi Rb¥ bq! AZGe ch©vqµ‡g
Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b †gvm‡jg RvwZi g‡a¨ 80-90 kZvsk
Avgiv nvivg ev A‰ea mš—vb wK bv! Avkv Kwi Av‡jgAvj−vgvMY Zvi ˆeaZvi e¨vL¨v cÖ`vb K‡i mvavi‡Yi m‡›`n
`~i Ki‡eb; Ab¨_vq h_vh_ Avï e¨e¯’v †bqv †gvm‡jg
RvwZi Rb¨ Acwinvh©|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h wPwKrmv weÁv‡bi g‡ZI G‡`i g‡a¨ i‡³i
mgZvi Kvi‡Y we‡q m¤^Ü m½Z e‡j g‡b K‡i bv| KviY
G‡Z mvaviYZt ˆ`wnK I gvbwmK wech©¯— Kz mš—vb Rb¥
wb‡q esk ci¤úivq Dnvi we¯—vi N‡U| †m Kvi‡bB m¤cÖwZ
‡mŠw` Avi‡eI GB RNb¨ we‡q cÖ_v evwZ‡ji civgk©
Pj‡Q| (cwÎKvq cÖKvk)
mš—vbMY GRb¨ `vqx bq e‡U! wKš‘ hLb Zv‡`i A‰ea
cÖR‡b¥i cwiPq Rvb‡Z cv‡e ZLb Zv‡`i mw¤§wjZ
cÖkœev‡bi AvNvZ cÖPwjZ kwiqZ mvgvj w`‡Z cvi‡e †Zv
!!
*
52 d‡Zvqv
Ôd‡ZvqvÕi AvwfavwbK A_© Formal legal opinion

[Arabic-English Dictionary: by : J.M Cowan] A_©vr

ixwZ wm× ‰ea gZvgZ; myZivs †gvm‡jg RvwZi ixwZ wm×
‰ea msweavb Avj-†Kvivb| Avj †Kviv‡bi gZ& I c_
d‡Zvqv bq| D`vniY¯^iƒc bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾, RvKvZ
Kiv; mZ¨ ejv wg_¨v cwinvi Kiv; Avj−vni GK‡Z¡ wek¦vm,
ivQyjM‡Yi Dci wek¦vm, ag©-K‡g©i wewbgq nvw`qv ev gyj¨
MªnY nvivg BZ¨vw` nvRvi evi Ges †h †KD †NvlYv Ki‡jI
Dnv d‡Zvqvi AvIZvq c‡o bv; KviY Zv †Kviv‡bi evYx|
Ggb wK ivQy‡ji wbR¯^ K_vI d‡Zvqv wnmv‡e ¯^xK…Z bq|
AZGe cÖPwjZ d‡Zvqv ej‡Z Ggb †NvlYv eySvq hv
†Kviv‡b †bB, Kw_Z nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw`‡Z †bB, A_©vr
kZfvM †Kvivb ewnf©yZ Ges †Kvivb weiƒ×| AZGe,
d‡Zvqvi gyj A_© `uvovq: e¨w³ I `‡ji Pvwc‡q †`qv
weavb| †Kviv‡bi mvg‡b e¨w³ I `‡ji ¯^ iwPZ AvBb
mivmwi †Kvivb Z_v Avj−vn-ivQyy‡ji cÖwZ cÖKvk¨ P¨v‡jÄ|
gvÎ K‡qKwU d‡Zvqvi D`vniY †`qv n‡jv:
1. PvPv‡Zv, dzdv‡Zv, gvgv‡Zv,Lvjv‡Zv fvB †evb‡`i
mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
3. PvPv k¦ïi, gvgv k¦ïi‡`i mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
4. gv-ev‡ci PvPv‡Zv, Lvjv‡Zv,dzdv‡Zv fvB‡evb‡`i mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
5. Ab¨ a‡g©i †Q‡j-‡g‡q‡`i mv‡_ we‡q nvivg|
6. ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡a¨ GKRb gymjgvb n‡j Avi Ab¨Rb
bv n‡j Zv‡`i we‡q †f‡½ hv‡e, GLb Avi Zviv
¯^vgx-¯¿xi b¨vq _vK‡Z cvi‡e bv|
7. fvmyi ev †`e‡ii †Q‡ji mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
8. ‡Kvb weag©x gwnjv hw` gymjgvb nq Zvn‡j hZw`b
ch©š— D³ gwnjvi wZbwU nv‡qh †kl bv nq ZZw`b
ch©š— IB gwnjvi we‡q Rv‡qh bq|
8. mybœx †gvmjgvb †g‡q‡`i we‡q kxqv cyi“l‡`i mwnZ
eû msL¨K Av‡jg‡`i d‡Zvqv g‡Z hv‡qR b‡n|
9. ¯^vgxi ûKzg m‡Z¡I hw` ¯¿x cwi¯‹vi-cwi”Qbœ bv
nq, Z¾b¨ cÖnvi Kivi nK ch©š— Av‡Q|
10.¯^vgxi mš‘wó‡Z Avj−vn I ivQyj (Q)-Gi mš‘wó|`ª:
H, c„: 411] [`ª: 1-10 bs: †e‡nkZx ‡RIi:1-

139

11k L. c„:369, 370; 410; Avkivd Avjx
_vbfx|
11. Kvw`qvbx‡`i mwnZ weevn mg¯— Av‡jg‡`i
d‡Zvqv g‡Z Av‡`Š hv‡qR b‡n| [`ª: †e‡nkZx
†RIi, 2q fwjDg; c„: 5; Avkivd Avjx _vbfx|
*
53 ZvjvK
Avw`Kvj †_‡K Pig weZwK©Z ÔZvjvKÕ m¤^‡Ü
†Kviv‡bi †NvlYv j¶¨Yxq:
1. jv BDAv-wLRyK¡zgyj−v-û-- nvwjg| [2:evKviv-225]
A_©: †Zvgv‡`i A_©nxb kc‡_i Rb¨ Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i
`vqx Ki‡eb bv| wKš‘ wZwb †Zvgv‡`i ev¯—weK
msK‡íi Rb¨ `vqx Ki‡eb| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj,
ˆah©¨kxj|
A_©vr nvwm-VvÆv, is-Zvgvkv ev iv‡Mi ekeZx© n‡q †h
†Kvb kc_ ev kZevi ÔZvjvKÕ †NvlYv Ki‡jI AZtci
Df‡q ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e msmvi Ki‡Z _vKvB ÔA_©nxbÕ kc_|
A_©vr †h K_v ev kc‡_i †gŠwLK Qvov ev¯—eZvi †Kvb
m¤úK© †bB ;A_©nxb kc_ ej‡Z ZvB-eySvq |
2. jxj−vRxbv BDÕjybv -- Mvdzi“ivwng| [2:evKviv226,27] A_© : hviv ¯¿x m½Z bv nIqvi kc_ K‡i,
Zviv 4 gvm hver A‡c¶v Ki‡e| AZtci hw` Zviv
wd‡i Av‡m, Z‡e Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, `qvkxj|
A_©vr ¯^vgx- ¯¿x †h †Kn Avm‡jB ZvjvK †`qvi †NvlYv
Ki‡j ZLb †_‡KB 4 gvm hver ¯^vgx-¯¿x m½ Ki‡Z
cvi‡e bv| hw`I ¯¿x Kv‡QB Av‡Qb, hw`I ¯¿xi evm¯’vb,
fiY †cvlY ¯^vgxi Ki‡ZB n‡”Q| GiB g‡a¨ m½ Ki‡jB
kc_wU A_©nxb kc‡_ MY¨ n‡e, hvi †Kvb cvc †bB,
Kvddviv †bB; Avi hw` kc_ c~Y© K‡i Z‡e ‡Zv ZvjvK
n‡qB †Mj| AZtci wewa m¤§Zfv‡e †`bv cvIqvbv
cwi‡kva K‡i mš‘ó wP‡Ë we`vq w`‡Z n‡e bq‡Zv ev cybt
Ni msmvi Ki‡e| [`ª:evKviv-227]
3. Aj- gyZvj−vK¡v-Zz-- AvRxRyj nvwKg [2:evKviv-

228]| A_©: ZvjvKcÖvßv ¯¿x‡K 3 iRtmªve Kvj ch©š—
A‡c¶v Ki‡Z n‡e [hw` †m Ab¨Î we‡q Ki‡Z Pvq]|
Zviv Avj−vn I fwel¨‡Zi [ciKv‡ji] Dci wek¦vmx
n‡j, Zv‡`i Mf©vkq Avj−vn hv m„wó K‡i‡Qb, Zv
†Mvcb ivLv ˆea bq| hw` Zviv Av‡cvl-gxgvsmv
Ki‡Z Pvq Z‡e Dnv‡Z Zv‡`i cybt MÖn‡Y Zv‡`i
¯^vgxM‡Yi AwaKvi Av‡Q| bvix‡`iI AweKj
b¨vqm½Z AwaKvi i‡q‡Q; †hgb Av‡Q Zv‡`i Dci
cyi“l‡`i| Z‡e bvix‡`i Dci cyi“l‡`i `vexwU
AMÖMY¨| Avj−vn gnv civµgkvjx, weÁvbgq|
A_©vr ZvjvK cÖvßv ¯¿x‡K 3 iRtmªve Kvj ch©š— A‡c¶v
Ki‡Z n‡e; Gi g‡a¨ Ab¨Î we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| KvjwU
3 gvm †_‡K iRtKvj †f‡` 5-6 gvm ch©š—I n‡Z cv‡i|
Gi g‡a¨ Mf©eZx cÖgvY n‡j Ges B”Qv Ki‡j †h‡Kvb mgqB
Dfq wd‡i Avm‡Z cv‡i ; Ab¨_vq Gi Rb¨ Avjv`v wewaweavb Ab¨Î ewY©Z Av‡Q| Zvjv‡Ki cÖ‡kœ bvix-cyi“l
Df‡qiB mg-AwaKvi| Z‡e ¯^vgxi AwaKvi mvgvb¨
AMÖMY¨| KviY c~Y© mg-AwaKvi ev `vexi cÖ‡kœ †Kvb
mgm¨vi mgvavb KLbIB m¤¢e nq bv| Avi hw` Ab¨Î we‡q
Ki‡Z bv Pvq Ges cÖ_g ¯^vgxi wbKU wd‡i Avm‡Z Pvq Avi
¯^vgxI hw` ivRx _v‡K Z‡e 3 iRtmªve Kvj A‡c¶vi
`iKvi nq bv; Avi H wbw`©ó mgq AwZevwnZ nIqvi
c‡iI AvbyôvwbK we‡q QvovB cybt wd‡i Avm‡Z cv‡i|
4. AvË¡vjvK¡z-gviivZ-wb-- gy¾v‡jgxb| [2:evKviv229] A_©: GB ZvjvK 2 evi| AZtci ¯¿x‡K nq
wewagZ †i‡L †`‡e A_ev hyw³m½Zfv‡e we`vq
Ki‡e| †Zvgiv †Zvgv‡`i ¯¿x‡`i hv w`‡qQ Dnvi †Kvb
wKQy †dir jIqv ˆea bq| Aek¨ hw` Df‡qi AvksKv
nq †h, Zviv Avj−vni mxgv i¶v Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Ges
†ZvgivI [AwffveK] hw` m‡›`n Ki †h, Zviv Avj−vni
mxgv i¶v Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv, Z‡e ¯¿x †Kvb wKQyi
wewbgq gyw³ †c‡Z PvB‡j †mUv Zv‡`i Aciva bq|
Gme Avj−vni mxgv‡iLv| †Zvgiv Dnv j•Nb KwiI bv|
hviv Dnv j•Nb K‡i ZvivB Rvwjg|
c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, GKwU ZvjvK ejer n‡Z Aby¨b

140

4 gvm mgq jv‡M Ges †Kvb Kvd&dviv ev wnj−v QvovB wd‡i
cvevi mgq _v‡K †h †Kvb GKR‡bi Ab¨Î we‡q Kivi
AvM ch©š—| G iKg ZvjvK GKB ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡a¨ `yÕevi
NU‡Z cv‡i; Ges G‡Z bZzb K‡i we‡qi AvbyôvwbKZv
QvovB cybMÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡i| ‡jb-‡`‡bi welq¸wj mnR
mij myZivs Av‡jvPbv wb®cÖ‡qvRb|
5. dv-Bb Zvj−vKv- nv-- qvjvgyb| [2:evKviv-230]
A_©: AZtci hw` †m Zv‡K ZvjvK †`q Z‡e †m Zvi
Rb¨ ˆea n‡e bv, †h ch©š— †m Ab¨ ¯^vgxi m‡½ m½Z
bv nq| AZtci †m hw` Zv‡K ZvjvK †`q Avi Zviv
Df‡q g‡b K‡i †h, Zviv Avj−vni mxgv‡iLv i¶v
Ki‡Z mg_© n‡e, Z‡e Zv‡`i cybwg©j‡b Kv‡iv †Kvb
Aciva n‡e bv| G¸wj Avj−vni mxgv‡iLv, Ávbx
m¤cÖ`v‡qi Rb¨ Avj−vn Bnv ¯úófv‡e eY©bv K‡ib|
A_©vr GKB wbq‡g 3q Zvjv‡Ki ci c~e©er wdwi‡q Avb‡Z
cvi‡e bv| hZ¶Y bv Ab¨ cyi“‡li mwnZ we‡q nq|
AZtci 2q ¯^vgx ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e Ges cÖ_vgZ ZvjvK w`‡j
ci cybivq Df‡qi m¤§wZ‡Z 1g ¯^vgx Zv‡K cybtMÖnY
Ki‡Z cv‡i| GeviI 1g ¯^vgx bZzb K‡i we‡qi cybt
AvbyôvwbKZv, Pvwc‡q †`qv Kvd&dviv bv w`‡qB cyiv‡Yv ¯¿x
wdwi‡q Avb‡Z cv‡i| m¤¢eZt Ggb fvewUB Dwj−wLZ
Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq; KviY Avqv‡Z
ÔcybtMÖnYÕ K_vwU evievi ejv Av‡Q; wKš‘ ÔwbKvn& ev we‡qÕ
kãwU evievi ejv †bB|
GKB ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡a¨ 3 evi ZvjvK 3 evi wgj‡bi
c‡i 4_©evi wgj‡bi cÖkœ ev Abyiƒc a¨vb-aviYv Aek¨B
my¯’ gw¯—‡¯‹i cwiPvqK bq| Avi Dwj−wLZ weav‡bi
Abymi‡Y GiKg NUbv j¶-†KvwUi g‡a¨ GKwUI nq wK bv
m‡›`n|
G‡Z GUvB cÖgvwYZ nq †h, G‡`i g‡a¨ ˆeevwnK
g‰ZK¨, mvgvwRK I cvwievwiK fvimvg¨ wd‡i Avmvi Avi
†Kvb c_ †bB, AMZ¨v GLv‡bB P‚ovš—| Z_vwc Avj−vni
weavb †h cÖK…Z c‡¶ gvbe Kj¨vYB †h GKgvÎ j¶¨ Zvi
P‚ovš— mv¶x Dwj−wLZ 5 bs AvqvZwU| †d‡j Avmv mš—
vbvw`i Rb¨, mswk−ó welq m¤úwËi mnR-mij gxgvskvi

Rb¨I weavbwU cÖ‡hvR¨ n‡ZI cv‡i| Z‡e cÖavb welq n‡jv
ZvjvKcÖvßv ¯¿x byZb ¯^vgxi Ni Ki‡jB MZ 3 ZvjvK hver
ev¯—e Rxe‡bi AwfÁZv I djvd‡ji m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i
Pzovš‘ wm×vš— wb‡Z cv‡i †h, GLb †Kvb& ¯^vgx Zvi Rb¨
wbivc` I Kj¨vYKi! Gi bvgB wnj−v| Z‡e Zv my`yi
civnZ! KviY wØZxq ¯^vgx hw` B”Qv K‡i Dwj−wLZ wewaweavb g‡Z ZvjvK †`q Ges ¯¿x hw` GKB wbq‡g ZvjvK
wb‡q cybwg©j‡b ivwR nq|
G¶‡Y GUv cwi¯‹vi †h GK GKwU ZvjvK ejer n‡Z
Aby¨b 4wU gvm mgq jv‡M| 3wU ZvjvK ejer n‡Z Aby¨b
12 gvm †_‡K 2/ 10 ev ZviI †ekx jvM‡Z cv‡i|
ewY©Z †Kviv‡bi weavb¸wj mnR, mij I cÖvÄj|
GLv‡b d‡Zvqvi cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j mvaviY wkw¶Z ev
Aa©-wkw¶Z †jv‡KI ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb bv| wKš‘ Zv¾‡ei
welq 14 kZ erm‡ii mg~n wkw¶Z †jvKMYI AvR ch©š—
H A‰ea kwiq‡Zi cÖwZev` K‡ib wb Ges AvRI Ki‡Qb
bv|
c¶vš—‡i, Avw`Kvj †_‡KB gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B GK-`yBwZb ZvjvK, evBb ZvjvK, n‡q †Mj wewe ZvjvK| N›Uvi
g‡a¨B wnj−v AZtci GKwU Ak−xj ivÎ c‡iB cybt we‡q
cÖ_v g~jZt Avj−vn-ivQyj Z_v †Kviv‡bi Pig Aegvbbv
K‡i Avm‡Q Kw_Z kwiqZ; Zviv cÖKv‡k¨B †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ
e„×v½ywj cÖ`k©b Ki‡Qb Ges Zv †R‡b-ï‡bB Ki‡Qb|
KZ j¶-†KvwU cweÎ msmvi GB kwiq‡Zi nv‡Z
aŸsm n‡q‡Q, gvb-m¤§vb nvwi‡q‡Q Zvi wnmve †K-B ev
†i‡L‡Q! KZ Aejv ¯¿x †Pv‡Li R‡j Avj−vi Avim
wfwR‡q‡Q, KZ bvix g‡bi `yt†L AvZ¥nZ¨v K‡i‡Q, †KD
ev Amnvq wkï mš—vb wb‡q iv¯—vq †b‡g‡Q, c‡_-Nv‡U
jvwÂZ n‡q‡Q; Zvi wnmve kwiqZ iv‡L wb| kwiqZ
gymwjg cÖR‡b¥i Drm Pigfv‡eB bvcvK K‡i‡Q; hy‡Mi ci
hyM a‡i Giv Bmjv‡gi wkKo DrcvU‡b iZ i‡q‡Q, †R‡bI
Ki‡Qb bv †R‡bI Ki‡Qb|
AZ¨š— Avb‡›`i Lei †h, m¤cÖwZ evsjv‡`k miKvi
Ak−xj Ôwnj−vÕ we‡q evwZj †Nvlbv K‡i‡Qb| AviI
Avb‡›`i Lei †h, cwÎKvq cÖKvk, gyû‡Z© 3 ZvjvK A‰ea

141

kwiqwZ AvBbwU m¤cÖwZ fvi‡Z iwnZ K‡i‡Qb, ûeû
LeiwU wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv:
wZb Zvjv‡K Avi we‡”Q` bq
XvKv †W¯‹, 04 RyjvB: ci ci wZb ZvjvK D”PviY
K‡i cyi“‡li GK‡PwUqv Ges Am½Z weevn we‡”Q‡`i
AwaKvi‡K bvKP Ki‡Z e‡j‡Q me©fviZxq gymwjg
e¨w³MZ AvBb cl©` ev GAvB Ggwc Gjwe| Gi evB‡i
AviI GKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© wm×vš— MÖnY Ki‡Q cl©`, Zv‡`i
Avmbœ ˆeV‡K| Zv n‡”Q, gwnjv‡`i AwaKZi wbivcËvi
¯^v‡_© weevnKvjxb Ô†Lvi †Lviv‡KiÕ UvKvi A¼I evov‡Z
n‡e cvÎ c¶‡K| gymwjg AvBb cwil` my‡Î Rvbv †M‡Q,
MZ wZb eQi a‡i †`‡ki bvbv cÖv‡š—, bvbv cÖwZôv‡b, wZb
Zvjv‡Ki mgm¨v wb‡q cÖPzi weZK© n‡q‡Q| n‡q‡Q ˆeVK,
Av‡jvPbv PµI| DËi cÖ‡`‡ki ivq‡i‡iwji ms¯‹vi
cš’xiv K‡qK eQi Av‡M GKB m‡½ wZb Zvjv‡Ki weevn
we‡”Q` wb‡q cÖkœ Zz‡j wm×vš— wb‡qwQ‡jb, ÔGB ai‡bi
we‡”Q` wewam¤§Z bq| AvBbm¤§ZI n‡Z cv‡i bv|Õ GLbI
G wel‡q gymwjg e¨w³MZ AvBb cl©` Zv‡`i P‚ovš— gZvgZ
Rvbvq wb| Z‡e weZ‡K©i AeKvk Av‡Q e‡j Rvwb‡qwQj|
Gi cvkvcvwk, mviv †`k Ry‡oB gwnjv Ges weevwnZ
msMV‡bi c¶ †_‡KI †f‡e †`Lvi `vwe Rvwb‡q Avmv
nw”Qj| Ae‡k‡l eû Uvjevnvbv Ges weZ‡K©i ciB gymwjg
e¨w³MZ AvBb cl©` k k eQ‡ii weevn we‡”Q` cÖ_vi
Aemvb NUv‡Z mwµqmn †ek wKQy †`‡k gymwjg e¨w³MZ
AvB‡bi ms¯‹vi Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges GKB m‡½ wZb ZvjvK
D”Pvi‡Yi gva¨‡g weevn we‡”Q`‡K i` K‡i w`‡q‡Q|
gymjgvb Djvgv‡`i Af¨š—ixY we‡iv‡ai Rb¨B fvi‡Z GB
cÖ_v i` Kiv m¤¢e nq wb| miKviI GwM‡q G‡m n¯—‡¶c
Ki‡Z AvMÖn †`Lvq wb| AZtci †Lv` gymjgvb e¨w³MZ
AvBb cl©` hLb eû Kvw•LZ wm×vš— wb‡Z P‡j‡Q, ZLb
eyw×Rxexiv g‡b Ki‡Qb, Gici miKvi b‡oP‡o em‡eb|
Rvbv †M‡Q, 1880 mv‡ji wejyß ÔKvwR Av`vjZ‡K
cybi“¾xweZ Kivmn `vwe Zzj‡e gymwjg e¨w³MZ AvBb
cl©`| wØZxqZ ˆeVK †k‡lB †K›`ªªxq AvBbgš¿xi m‡½
Av‡jvPbvq emvi wm×vš— †b‡e gymwjg e¨w³MZ AvBb

cl©`| bZzb ZvjvKbvgv ˆZwi Kivi wel‡q K_v n‡e| wZb
Zvjv‡Ki wm×vš—wU AvBb cl©‡` 41 m`m¨ Aby‡gv`b Kivi
m‡½ m‡½ cÖPwjZ ZvjvKbvgv evwZj n‡q hv‡e| †m‡¶‡Î
ejv n‡e, ¯^vgx-¯¿xi mnAe¯’vb GKvš— Am¤¢e n‡q DV‡j
Z‡eB weevn-we‡”Q` Aby‡gv`b Kiv n‡e| [`ª: evsjv
KvMR; U‡i‡›Uv, RyjvB 06, 04]
cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi Dci wn›`y †`k KZ…©K cÖKvk¨
c`vNvZ‡K BmjvwgK †`k I `j¸wj mvjvg w`‡q ¯^vMZg
Rvbv‡eb! bv cÖwZev` Ki‡eb! Zv RbmvaviY Rvb‡Z Pvq|
kwiq‡Zi Avi GKwU A¯ú„m¨ aviv j¶¨Yxq †h,
ÔevwK‡Z we‡q Kiv|Õ A_©vr `yB j¶ UvKv †gvnivbv avh©
K‡i RvgvKvco, †mvbv Mqbv BZ¨vw` eve` Dmyj 10/20
nvRvi UvKv evwK iBj 1 jvL 80 nvRvi UvKv| AZtci
Dfq c¶‡K KvRx civgk© †`b †h, evmi N‡i †gvnivbvi
†`bv gvd PvIqv PvIB K‡i AZtci †QvqvQywq Ki‡e| GB
gvd PvIqv AbyôvbwU Ggb `ye©j mgq AbywôZ nq hLb gvc
PvIqv I gvd Kiv Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb c_ †Lvjv _v‡K bv|
†ewki fvM †¶‡Î GgbB nq †h gvd Abyôv‡bi K_v g‡bB
_v‡K bv ev ¸i“Z¡I †`qv nq bv| c¶vš—‡i †Kvivb †NvlYv
K‡i avh©K…Z †gvnivbvi UvKv ZrbM` cwi‡kva Ki‡Z|
Z‡e ¯¿x hw` ¯^-B”Qvq, ¯^-Áv‡b Kv‡iv Øviv cÖfvweZ bv
n‡q ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e cÖZ¨v¶vY ev gvd K‡i †`q Z‡e †m K_v
Avjv`v e‡U; wKš‘ ¯^vgxi gvd PvIqv ev gv‡di Bw½Z
Bkviv †`qvi my‡hvM †Kviv‡b ewY©Z †bB| mgv‡Ri 99
fvM we‡q nq evwK‡Z, cyi“l evmi N‡i gv_v bZ K‡i
Dcw¯’Z nq †`bvi Avmvwg n‡q, mviv Rxeb Avmvwg n‡qB
msmvi K‡i Ges g„Zz¨i c~e©¶‡Y Avevi gvd †P‡q Uzc K‡i
we`vq nq| A_©vr †Kviv‡bi weavb‡K e„×v½ywj cÖ`k©b
K‡i, †avKv w`‡q cvwj‡q hvq, gvSLv‡b jvfevb nq KvRx,
Avj−vni `iev‡i evwK ivL‡Z cvi‡jI Zvi `iev‡i †Kvb
evwK-evK¡v †bB|
d‡Zvqv gv‡bB †Kvivb ewnf©~Z Z_v †Kvivb wei“× e¨w³
I `‡ji gZvgZ; ivQy‡ji bv‡g wjL‡jI g~jZt Zv ivQyj
KLbI e‡jb wb, ej‡Z cv‡ib bv †KvivbB Zvi AKvU¨
mvw¶| wbixn mij Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm AR©‡bi N„Y¨ K‚U-

142

‡KŠkj wnmv‡e ivQy‡ji cweÎ bvgwUi Ac-e¨envi
K‡i‡Qb|
AZGe mKj nvw`m, †dKnv, GRgv, †Kqvm, d‡Zvqv
Ges d‡Zvqv mµvš— a‡g©i bv‡g mKj MÖš’vw` Awej‡¤^
†mÝi KwgwU MVb K‡i mZ¨wg_¨v mbv³Kvix GKgvÎ
†Kviv‡bi Aax‡b †mÝi Kiv DwPr| GB KwgwUi Aby‡gv`b
Qvov a‡g©i bv‡g †Kvb cy¯—K cÖKvkbv, gZev`x-gZjwe
IqvR bwQnZ,gvkvjv-gvkv‡qj wbwl× †NvlYv Kiv DwPr|
a‡g©i bv‡g A_© MÖnY, Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g cy¯—K iPbv
K‡i e¨emv-evwYR¨ mg~‡j nvivg †NvlYv Kiv DwPr| ag©xq
cy¯—Kvw` webv g~‡j¨ weZi‡Yi e¨e¯’v _vKv DwPr|
GB KwgwUi m`m¨ n‡e Ggb e¨w³ hvi Ô†gvm‡jgÕ Qvov
kxqv, Qybœx, nvbvdx, Invwe, Kvw`qvbx BZ¨vw` `j Dc`‡ji †Kvb `vex †bB Ges mnR, mij, wbt¯^v_© Ges m~²
†KvivwbK ÁvbcÖvß| ej‡Z evav †bB †h, Ggb †gvm‡jg
we‡k¦ wbZvš—B weij; myZivs mnR cš’vi D`vniY n‡jv:
wePvi, kvmb BZ¨vw` wefvM GgbwK †`k cwiPvjbvq wn›`y,
†gvm‡jg, †eŠ×, wLª÷v‡bi †Kvb cÖfve we¯—vi Ki‡Z cv‡i
bv, Zvi KviY c~e© Aby‡gvw`Z wbw`©ó wewa-weav‡bi
Abymi‡Y cwiPvwjZ I wbqwš¿Z nq Ges Zvi evB‡i wKQy
Ki‡j Zv‡`iI Revew`wn Ki‡Z nq| AZGe GB †mÝi
KwgwUi m`m¨‡`i †Kviv‡bi Dci Ávb _vK‡Z n‡e; †h
†Kvb gxgvsmvi GKK gvcKvwV wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i †Kvivb‡K
mvg‡b †i‡LB wePvi gxgvskv Ki‡j †h †Kvb ag©vej¤^xB
Zvi m`m¨ n‡Z cv‡i eis †mUvB wbLyuZ I wbi‡c¶ nIqvi
m¤¢vebv †ewk KviY Zviv †gvm‡jg `j Dc`jxq cÖfve gy³
_v‡eb|
B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq ev †h †Kvb ¯^v‡_©B †nvK evsjv‡`‡ki
cÖwZôvZv knx` †kL gywReyi ingvb hZB weZwK©Z †nvb bv
†Kb, Bmjvg a‡g©i me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© †KvivwbK weavbwU
wZwbB ejer K‡iwQ‡jb; Avi Zv n‡jv,Òag© wbi‡c¶ZvÓ
[`ª: ag© wbi‡c¶Zv Aa¨vq ]
msweav‡b Ôwem&wgj−vnÕ A_© Ôciv‡_©Õ ms‡hvM K‡i Avi
GKwU Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb Zzjbvg~jK mdj †cÖwm‡W›U knx`
wRqvDi ingvb| Z‡e Aviex‡Z bv wj‡L eis evsjvq

Ôciv‡_©Õ wjL‡j GgbwK kÎMYI ¯^vMZg Rvbv‡Zv|
*
54 nvjvj-nvivg Lv`¨`ªe¨
1. ûwi©gvZ AvjvBgyj-- RvwjKzg wdQKzb| [5: gv‡q`v-3
] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvivg Kiv n‡q‡Q: g„Z RxeRš‘, UvUKv i³, ïKi gvsm, Avj−vn e¨ZxZ A‡b¨i
bv‡g hevn&K…Z cï Avi k¦vm‡iv‡a g„Z Rš‘, cÖnv‡i g„Z
Rš‘, cZ‡b g„Z Rš‘, k„sMvNv‡Z g„Z Rš‘ Ges wnsmª
Rš‘‡Z gviv Rš‘, Z‡e hv †Zvgiv RevB Ki‡Z
†c‡i‡Qv Zv e¨ZxZ Avi hv g~wZ© cyRvi †e`xi Dci
ewj †`qv nq Zv Ges Ryqvi Zxi Øviv fvM¨ wbY©q Kiv,
GB me cvc Kvh©|
Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi †Nvlbv Abyhvqx hveZxq Rxe-Rš‘ Ges
mKj
RvwZi Lv`¨ e¯‘ mKj RvwZi Rb¨ nvjvj [¯^ ¯^ B”Qv I i“wP
†gvZv‡eK]| BnvB wbæ Avqv‡Z Av‡iv k³ K‡i †NvlYv
K‡i:
2. BqvQ AvjybvKv-- Qvwiqy¨j wnQv-e| [5: gv‡q`v-4]
A_©: †jv‡K †Zvgv‡K cÖkœ K‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ wK wK
nvjvj Kiv n‡q‡Q? Zzwg ej! mg¯— Kj¨vYKi wRwbm
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges wkKvix cïc¶x hv‡`i‡K †Zvgiv wkKvi wk¶v w`‡qQ, †hfv‡e
Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb, Dnviv hv †Zvgv‡`i
Rb¨ a‡i Av‡b Zvnv f¶Y Ki‡e Ges Bnv‡Z Avj−vni
bvg wb‡e Ges Avj−vn‡K fq Ki‡e, Avj−vn wnmve
MÖn‡Y AZ¨š— Zrci|
3. Avj-- †nj−yj−vKzg| [5:gv‡q`v-5 ] A_©: AvR
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ mg¯— Kj¨vYKi wRwbm nvjvj Kiv
n‡jv, hv‡`i wKZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i Lv`¨-`ªe¨
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj, †Zvgv‡`i Lv`¨-`ªe¨ Zv‡`i

143

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Rb¨ nvjvj †NvwlZ n‡jv--|
A gvjvK¡yg-- A wej gyÕZvw`b; AjvZvK¡yjy--| [ 6:
AvbAvvg-119,121] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i wK n‡q‡Q †h,
hv‡Z Avj−vni bvg jIqv n‡q‡Q †Zvgiv Zv Avnvi
Ki‡e bv? hv †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ wbwl× Zv wZwb
wek`fv‡eB †Zvgv‡`i wbKU wee„Z K‡i‡Qb, Z‡e
†Zvgiv wbi“cvq n‡j Zv e¨wZµg| A‡b‡K
AÁvbZvekZ Avcb †Lqvj-Lykx Øviv Aek¨B Ab¨‡K
wec_Mvgx
K‡i|
†Zvgvi
cÖwZcvjK
mxgvj•NbKvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü AeMZ|
hv‡Z Avj−vni bvg †bqv nqwb Zv †Zvgiv Avnvi KwiI
bv, Dnv Aek¨B cvc--|
K¡yj!-- ivwng| [6:AvbAvg-145] A_©: ej! Avgvi
cÖwZ †h cÖZ¨v‡`k n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z †jv‡K [Ab¨ RvwZMY]
hv Avnvi K‡i Zvi g‡a¨ Avwg wKQyB nvivg cvB bv,
giv, UvUKv i³, I ïK‡ii gvsm e¨ZxZ--†Kbbv,
Bnv Aek¨B AcweÎ-A_ev hv A‰ea, Avj−vn Qvov
A‡b¨i bv‡g Drm‡M©i Kvi‡Y, Z‡e †Kn Aeva¨ bv
n‡j Ges mxgvj•Nb bv K‡i Dnv MÖn‡Y wbi“cvq n‡j
†Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK ¶gvkxj cig `qvjy|
K¡yj! AvivBZzg-- ZvdZvi“b| [10:BDbym-59] A_©:
ej! †Zvgiv wK †f‡e †`‡LQ? Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i †h
Lv`¨vw` w`‡q‡Qb †Zvgiv Bnvi wKQy nvjvj I wKQy
nvivg Ki‡Qv? ej! Avj−vn wK †Zvgv‡`i Bnvi AbygwZ
w`‡q‡Qb bv †Zvgiv Avj−vni cÖwZ wg_¨v Av‡ivc
Ki‡Qv?
Bqv-- ZvAvZv`y| [5:gv‡q`v-87] A_©: †n f³MY!
Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ DrK…ó †h me e¯‘ nvjvj
K‡i‡Qb †m mKj‡K †Zvgiv nvivg K‡i mxgvj•Nb
KwiI bv| Avj−vn mxgvj•NbKvix‡K cQ›` K‡ib bv|
Bqv AvBqynvbœvQy-- gyweb| [2:evKviv-168] A_©: †n

gvbeRvwZ! c„w_ex‡Z hv wKQy ˆea I cweÎ Lv`¨e¯‘
Av‡Q Zv †Zvgiv Avnvi Ki Ges kqZv‡bi c`v¼
AbymiY KwiI bv, wbðqB †m †Zvgv‡`i cÖKvk¨ kΓ|
9. Bqv AvBq~nvj−vwRbv--Zvey`yb| [2: evKviv-172]
A_©: †n gywgbMY! Avwg †h mKj cweÎ e¯‘ w`‡qwQ Zv
†_‡K Avnvi Ki Ges Avj−vni Kv‡Q K…ZÁZv RvbvI|
10. Bbœvgv-- ivwngyb| [2: evKviv-173] A_©:wbðqB
Avj−vn g„Z Rš‘, i³, ïKi gvsm Ges hvi Dci
Avj−vni bvg e¨ZxZ A‡b¨i bvg D”PvwiZ n‡q‡Q Zv
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvivg Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ †h
Ab‡b¨vcvq A_P bvdigvb ev mxgvjONbKvix bq Zvi
†Kvb cvc †bB| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, cig `qvjy|
Lv`¨-`ªe¨ m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡b ewY©Z wewa-weavb¸wj
Zdwmi e¨vL¨vi wb®cÖ‡qvRb| c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡mi †`vnvB
w`‡q AZtci wKQy nvivg, wKQy nvjvj †NvlYv Kivi †KvbB
duvK-†duvKo †bB, eis †m AwaKviI †Kvivb KvD‡K †`q
wb| c¶vš—‡i AmsL¨ †`kx-we‡`kx‡`i Lv`¨ mvgMªx nvivg
†NvwlZ Av‡Q| gvsm wKb‡Z †M‡j †gvmjgvb †`vKvb Qvov
Ab¨‡`i †`vKvb †_‡K wK‡bB bv; †h‡nZz Zviv ÔweQwgj−vnÕ
e‡j RevB K‡i bv Ges †mLv‡b ïK‡ii †Mv¯—I weµq
K‡i|
RevB Kivi c~‡e© ÔweQwgj−vnÕ bv ejvUv hyw³m½Z
mgm¨v e‡U! wKš‘ kwiqZ nvw`m wj‡L Avcb mgm¨vi
mgvavb w`‡q‡Q:
wewe Avqkv [iv] nB‡Z ewY©Z Av‡Q, KwZcq e¨w³
AviR Kij, Bqv ivQyjvj−vn! †jv‡Kiv Avgv‡`i wbKU
RevBK…Z †Mvk&Z wewµ Kivi Rb¨ wb‡q Av‡m| Avgiv Rvwb
bv-Zviv RevB Kivi mgq Ôwem&wgj−vnÕ e‡j‡Q wKbv|
Z`yˇi bex Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgiv
wem&wgj−vn ewjqv Dnv LvI|Õ [`ª: †evLvix, 2q LÛ, : AvwR.
nK; nvw`m : bs 1064, c„: 208|]:

144

ïK‡ii †Mv¯— f¶Y nvivg e‡U! wKš‘ Bnv aiv †Quvqv,
e¨emv-evwbR¨ Kiv nvivg †NvwlZ †bB; DnvI Avj−vni
m„wó, myZivs N„Yv Kiv Aciva|
‡`‡k we‡`‡k KwZcq AZ¨vaywbK avg©xK †`Lv hvq|
9/11i c‡i Zv‡`i gv_v ‡_‡K Aviexq wnhve [Iobv] L‡m
c‡o‡Q, 4 †_‡K 12 Bw `vwo Pvi wgwj wgUv‡i †b‡g
G‡m‡Q| †`L‡j ¯ú¨vwbm e‡jB g‡b nq; Z‡e cwjwQUv
weÁvbm¤§Z e‡U! KviY †¶Î we‡k‡l QybœZI cÖgvb Kiv hvq
Avevi ¯ú¨vwbm e‡jI wec` Gov‡bv hvq!
G‡`i cwiPq †`qvi Kvib Giv PK‡jU, K¨vwÛ,
Uz_‡có, mvevb, we¯‹zU-‡eKvix BZ¨vw`i g‡a¨I nvjvjnvivg Av‡Q e‡j d‡Zvqv w`‡q mvavi‡Yi cvwievwiK RxeY
wecbœ K‡i‡Q| Zv‡`i d‡Zvqv †h, PK‡jU, K¨vwÛ
BZ¨vw`‡Z ïK‡ii Pwe©i ˆZix j¨vwmw_Y, †MjvwUY RvwZq
BbwMÖwW‡q›U e¨eüZ nq; myZivs Bnv nvivg| gRvi e¨cvi
‡h, Jl‡ai g‡a¨ mivmwi g`, ïK‡ii Pwe© †_‡K msM„nxZ
†jwmw_Y BZ¨vw` e¨env‡ii wei“‡× Zv‡`i †Kvb AvcwË
†bB|
ïK‡ii gvsm f¶Y wbwk× n‡jI Dnv‡K N„Yv Kivi
Dcvq †bB| ZvQvov Lv`¨ msK‡U Abycvq n‡j Rxeb
euvPv‡bvi ZvwM‡` Bnv LvIqviI weavb Av‡Q| wKš‘ Dnvi
Bb‡MÖwW‡q›U †MjvwUY, ‡jwQw_Y †Zv Avi ïKi bq, gvsmI
bq| H GKB †MjvwUb Mi“, QvMj GgbwK bex-ivQyj,
Av‡jg mv‡ne‡`i †`‡nI weØgvb|
H mKj mveavbx ci‡nRMvi‡`i ˆKkixK hyw³‡Z Mi“i
`ya, gv‡qi `ya GgbwK cvwbI nvivg nIqv hyw³m½Z; KviY
G¸wj ïK‡ii †c‡UI i‡q‡Q Ges Dnvi nv¸-wcwc, k¦vmcÖk¦vm AvKvk-evZvm,cvwb-gvwU‡Z wg‡k Av‡Q| Ggb
ˆeÁvwbK m~² wePvi- e¨e¯’vq Kvevi gvwU Avi RgR‡gi
cvwbI ïK‡ii †jwQw_Y, †MjvwUY Aegy³ bq! Avi GLv‡bB
†kl bq ïKiwUi k¦vm cÖk¦v‡m †mŠi RMr bvcvK n‡q Av‡Q;

GgZve¯’vq AwZ ci‡nRnMvi ev cvK-cweÎ nIqvi Rb¨
Gev‡i ïKi wba‡bi †Rnv` †Nvlbv w`‡j AevK nIqvi
my‡hvM †bB! Z‡e Zvi c~‡e© Aš—Z ïK‡ii jvm¸wj
†mŠiRM‡Zi evwn‡i †dj‡Z cvi‡eb wK bv! †m m¤^‡Ü
c~‡e©B wbwðZ nIqv `iKvi|
***

civ‡_©

mßg Aa¨vq
55 ‡kl bex gZev`
gv Kvbv †gvnv¤§v`yb Avev Avnw`g w¤§i wi¾vwjK¡yg Ajv
wKi ivQywjj−vwn A LvZvgvbœvweb| [33:AvnRve-40]
Abyev`: gyn¤§` †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb cyi“‡li/gvby‡li wcZv
b‡nb; eis wZwb Avj−vni ivQyj I bex‡`i wmj&/†kl bex|
AvqvZwU cÖavbZt `yÕwU fvM AZtci `yÕwU DcfvMmn
gZev‡`i wfwˇZ †gvU Pvi fv‡M wef³, fvM¸wj wbæiƒc:
‡gvnv¤§` (mv):
1. cyi“‡li wcZv b‡nb| 2. gvby‡li wcZv b‡nb| 3.
bex‡`i wmj&| 4. †kl bex|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU gymwjg we‡k¦ ¸i“‡Z¡i w`K †_‡K me©
cÖavb I †kªôZg weZwK©Z [hw`I weZ‡K©i f‚wgKv I AvIZv
mxwgZ]; †h‡nZz Bnv †gŠwjK ag© wek¦v‡mi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Aa¨vq|
¸i“Z¡c~Y© GRb¨ †h, AvqvZwUi mwVK Zvrch© Abyave‡b f‚j
Ki‡j hveZxq ag©-Kg,© Bn-ciKvj ee©vZ nIqvi
AvksKv|
G‡Z Dwj−wLZ Ôwi¾vjybÕ I ÔLvZvgÕ kãØq weZ‡K©i cÖavb
welqe¯‘| ÔivRyjybÕGi eûePb Ôwi¾vjybÕ A_© cyi“l(MY) ev
gvbyl(MY);kãwUi A_© †Kn cyi“l Avevi †Kn gvbyl wnmv‡e
MÖnY Ki‡j weZ‡K©i myPbv nq| kãwUi A_© gvbyl wnmv‡e

145

hviv MÖnY K‡i‡Qb; Zv‡`i wek¦vm gynv¤§` [mv] cÖK…Zc‡¶
†Kvb gvbyl bb,eis gvbyl †e‡k ¯^qs Avj−vn! Zuvi Rb¥-g„Zz¨
GKUv Abyôvb gvÎ|
AweKj wek¦vm †eŠ×, wLª÷vb I wn›`y‡`i g‡a¨I cÖPwjZ
Av‡Q| ‡hgb: whï‡K A‡b‡K Ômvb Ae MWÕ Avevi †KD
ÔMWÕ e‡jI wek¦vm K‡ib| ‡eŠ×MY eyׇK fMevb fv‡eb;
wn›`yMY Zv‡`i †`eZv-AeZvi‡K fMevbI fv‡eb|
gymwjg we‡k¦i kxqv, mybxœ, Invex, nvbvdx, kv‡dC, nv‡¤^jx,
gv‡jKx, Avn&gw`qv, BZ¨vw` `j Dc-`j¸wj ¯^-¯^ e„‡Ë
†_‡KB mw¤§wjZfv‡e cybivq cÖavb `yÕwU `‡j wef³: K)
kwiqZ L) gv‡idZ|
K‡jgv, bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ I RvKvZ BZ¨vw`
AvbyôvwbKZvq hviv wek¦vmx Zv‡`i‡K cÖavbZ kwiqZx e‡j;
H ¸wj e¨wZ‡i‡K hviv a¨vb-wRwK‡i wek¦vmx Zv‡`i
cÖavbZt gv‡idvZx e‡j|
gv‡idvwZMY Ges kwiq‡Zi A‡bK As‡ki wek¦vm †h,
Ô‡gvnv¤§` (mv)Õ Avm‡jB gvbyl bb| G `yÕwU `‡ji gZev`
Ges a¨vb-aviYv ci¯úi we‡ivax ev wecixZgyLx n‡jI
Zv‡`i wek¦vm¸wj H GKB †Qnv‡QËv Ges H GKB †Qnv
LvgQvi Dci wbf©ikxj| Zv‡`i H wek¦vm¸wji ¯^-c‡¶i
wKQy D‡j−L‡hvM¨ aviv wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv:
1. RMZ m„wói A‡bK c~‡e© [KZ c~‡e©! Zvi wnmveI †bB,
AbygvbI †bB-‡jLK] Avj−vn ‡gvnv¤§`‡K [mv] m„wó
K‡i 7g AvKv‡k gqyi K‡i iv‡Lb| gqy‡ii gyKzUwU
nhiZ Avjx; gqy‡ii Mjvi nvi wewe dv‡Zgv Ges `yB
Kv‡bi jwZ `yÕwU nhiZ nvmvb I †nv‡m‡bi bgybv ;
Gbviv cvK-cvÄvZb bv‡gI cÖwm×| [`ª: kxqv ev
gv‡idvwZ‡`i mvnvh¨ wbb|] AZtci jvjb kvnÕi GKUz
e¨wZµg `k©b †`Lyb:
cvK cvÄvZ‡b bexRx Pvi †hv‡M nBj D`q
GK m‡½‡Z cuvPwU Zviv _v‡K †mB AvKv‡ki Mvq|
nvmvb †nv‡mb Kv‡bi evwj,
Mjvq nvi nq nhiZ Avjx
†Q‡ii gyKzU nhiZ ivQyj
gvSLv‡b‡Z dv‡Zgv iq|

2.

3.

4.

5.
6.

[`ª: jvjY kv‡ni gigx `k©b; †gv: †mvjvqgvb Avjx
miKvi, c„: 202]
nhiZ Av`g (mv) M›`g dj LvIqvi Aciv‡a Avj−vni
`iev‡i †mR`vq jywU‡q c‡ob| AZtci gv_v Zz‡jB
†`L‡jb Avj−vni Avi‡ki Mv‡q †jLv, ÒjvBjvnv
Bj−vj−vn gynv¤§v`yi ivQyjvj−vn|Ó Av`g H bv‡gi inm¨
Rvb‡Z PvB‡j, Avj−vn Avðh©¨ n‡q wRÁvmv Ki‡jb,
Ò†n Av`g! Zzwg G bvg †Kv_v †_‡K wkL‡j?Ó Av`g
ej‡jb, ÒAvcbvi Avi‡ki Mv‡q †jLv †`‡LwQ|Ó
AZtci Avj−vn ej‡jb, ÒZzwg wVKB †`‡LQ Ges
wVKB e‡jQ; ‡gvnv¤§` (mv) Avgvi me‡P‡q wcÖq ev›`v,
mewKQy m„wói c~‡e© me© cÖ_g Avwg gyn¤§`‡K (mv) m„wó
K‡iwQ; AZtci ZviB b~‡i wek¦ eª¤§vÛ m„wó K‡iwQ|
‡gvnv¤§`‡K [mv] m„wó bv Ki‡j Avwg wKQyB m„wó
KiZvg bv| Zv‡K cvVv‡ev me©‡k‡l|Ó AZtci
Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ (mv) bv‡gi †`vnvB w`‡q Avj−vni Kv‡Q
¶gv PvB‡j Avj−vn e‡jb, ÒwVK Av‡Q Avgvi nvwe‡ei
(†`v¯—) †`vnvB w`‡q Zzwg hLb ¶gv PvB‡j, ZLb Avwg
†Zvgv‡K ¶gv Kijvg...Ó| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`, 5g
LÛ, AvwR. nK ;c„: 5-7]|
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ AvDqvj, Av‡Li Rv‡ni, I ev‡Zb| A_©:
Avw`‡Z †gvnv¤§` I A‡š— †gvnv¤§`; e¨³ †gvnv¤§` I
Ae¨³ †gvnv¤§` ; g‡a¨ †gvnv¤§` Ges Zv‡`i mevB
†gvnv¤§`| [`ª: Zdwm‡i †Kvivbyj Kwig; m`i DwÏb
Avn&g` wPkZx; c„: 12]
GK`v wewe Avqkv [iv] †Ljv”Q‡j MvgQvi `yB cÖvš—
a‡i gnvbex‡K gv‡S †i‡L wb‡Ri w`‡K †U‡b Avb‡Z
†M‡j ïay MvgQvB P‡j Av‡m| gnvbex †hLv‡b wQ‡jb,
wVK †mLv‡bB `uvwo‡q iB‡jb| [`ª: nvw`‡m ivQyj:
Avjx nvq`i; 1g cÖKvk]
fi w`b`ycy‡i gy³vKv‡ki c‡_ nuvUv-Pjvq Rx‡ei gZ
ivQy‡ji †Kvb Qvqv co‡Zv bv| :[`ª: nvw`‡m ivQyj:
Avjx nvq`i; 1g cÖKvk]
gnvbexi AgvbywlK †hŠb kw³ wQj| GKB iv‡Z ev w`‡b
[ga¨eZ©x diR †Mvmj e¨wZ‡i‡K] 9/11 Rb wewei

146

mwnZ msMg Ki‡Zb, hv c„w_exi gvby‡li c‡¶ m¤¢e
b‡n| GgbwK 30 Rb wewei m‡½ ci ci †hŠb wgjb
Kivi ¶gZv wQj| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`, 1g LÛ,
kvqL AvwR. nK, c„: 145]
7. m‡e©vcwi: AvqvZwU‡ZB †jLv Av‡Q †h, †gvnv¤§` (mv)
†Kvb gvby‡li wcZv bb|
cyi“l wnmv‡e hviv wek¦vm K‡ib Zv‡`i hyw³ n‡jv:
8. gnvbexi †Q‡j-mš—vb ˆkk‡eB gviv hvb| eZ©gv‡b
Zuvi esk i¶vi Rb¨ †Kvb cyi“l mš—vb †bB; ZvB
wZwb †Kvb cyi“‡li wcZv bb| [`ª: †Kvivbyj Kixg,
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb; dzU‡bvU bs-574]
9. gnvbexi cvjK cyÎ hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK †`qv wewe‡K
[Rqbe] gnvbex we‡q Kivq Zrmgv‡R cÖPÛ weZ‡K©i
m„wó nq; ZvB Zv LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ Avj−vn AvqvZ bvwRj
K‡ib †h, Ò†gvnv¤§` (mv) †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb
cyi“‡li [A_©vr hv‡q‡`i] wcZv bb|Ó [`ª: 33:
AvnRve-37, 38]
D‡j−L‡hvM¨ aviv¸wji ch©v‡jvPbv
K. AvqvZwUi Abyev` m~²fv‡e cybt j¶¨ Ki‡j cvVK
gvÎB nZevK n‡eb †h, †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) cwiPq w`‡Z
wM‡q AvqvZwUi cÖavb `yÕwU As‡ki G‡Ki m‡½ A‡b¨i
†KvbB mvgÄm¨ †bB; A_©vr Ô‡gvnv¤§` cyi“‡li/gvby‡li
wcZv bb wKš‘ Avj−vni ivQyj I †kl bexÕ Abyev`wU
w`‡q g~jZt wK eySv‡Z Pv‡”Qb Zv ¯úó bq; KviY wZwb
gvbyl ev cyi“‡li wcZv n‡j wK Ôbex-ivQyj ev †kl
bexÕ n‡Z cvi‡Zb bv!!
L. †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i, Òû Aj AvDqvjy, Aj AvwLi“,
A¾vwni“, Aj evwZby AûA weKz‡j− kvBqxb Avjxg"|
[57:nvw``-3] A_©: wZwbB Avw`, wZwbB Aš—, wZwbB
e¨³, wZwbB ¸ß Ges wZwbB me©gq me©Á| AZGe
AvqvZwU 3 bs avivi m¤ú~Y© wecwiZ|
M. RMr m„wói c~‡e© gyn¤§`‡K (mv) cï-c¶x A_©vr gqyi
evwb‡q ivLv, GKRb bexi Rb¨ eoB Acgv‡bi welq
e‡U! ïay wZwbB bb eis Zvi cwievi ï× mKj‡KB
gv‡idvZx cï †_‡K AvMZ e‡j mve¨¯— K‡i‡Qb!

c¶vš—‡i weeZ©bev‡`i gnv Av‡jg nhiZ WviDBb‡K
Kv‡di e‡j †NvlYv K‡ib|
N. cvK A_© cweÎ, cvÄv A_© cuvP (5) Zb& A_© †`n; cvK
cuvÄvZb ej‡Z 5 Rb cweÎ †`navix Ges Zuviv n‡jb
h_vµ‡g: gyn¤§` (mv), Avjx (iv), dv‡Zgv (iv), nvmvb
I †nv‡mb (iv)| GB cuvÄvZb KwgwUi c‡i Zv‡`i
Avevi 14 gvQy‡gi Avi GKwU eskwfwËK Dc-KwgwUI
Av‡Q| aviYvwUi aviK I evnK cÖavbZt kxqv‡`i;
mybœx‡`iI A‡b‡Ki wek¦vm, wKš‘ ZvB e‡j Rb¥ †_‡KB
nhiZ Cmv bex, ag© Z_v mKj bexi wcZv nhiZ
Beªvwngmn AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj, huv‡`i‡K GgbwK Kw_Z
cuvÄvZ‡bi cÖavb nhiZ gyn¤§` [mt] ¯^qs Zv‡`iB
D¤§Z, Zv‡`iB cÖYxZ weavb [QybœZ] wZwb ms¯‹vi I
cyY©envj K‡i‡Qb, A_P Zviv cvÄvZb KwgwUi m`m¨
nIqvi Dchy³ wQ‡jb bv! Ggb `k©Y wek¦vm A‡hŠw³K|
ZvQvov cÖK…Z `i‡ek, MvDQ-KzZze Avgv‡`i ¸i“MY
cvK-Zb& bv n‡j ev bv n‡Z cvi‡j! †Kvivb AbymiY
K‡i hw` mvaviY gvbyl cvK-cweÎ bv n‡Z cv‡i Z‡e
†Kviv‡bi g~j¨vqY I ag©-Kg© GLv‡bB dzwi‡q hvq|
O. Dc‡ivwj−wLZ 2 bs avivwU mv¶x †`q †h, Av`g hv
Rvb‡Zb Avj−vn Zv Rvb‡Zb bv, Av`g hv †`‡L‡Qb
Avj−vn Zv ‡`‡LI †`‡Lb wb ; ÔAv`g wKfv‡e Rvb‡jv!Õ
Zvi gv‡b Av`g Ab¨ †Kvb Avj−vni KvQ †_‡K Rvb‡jv!
GB wPš—v K‡i Avj−vn gvby‡li gZ Zv¾e n‡q‡Qb
A_ev Avj−vn †R‡bI bv Rvbvi fvb& K‡i‡Qb BZ¨vw`!
Avj−vn m¤^‡Ü GB D™¢U, ee©i a¨vb-aviYv cÖK…Z
Ávbx‡`i ag© wek¦v‡m nZvk K‡i‡Q| nhiZ Av`g‡K
Zvi M›`g f¶‡Yi Aciva [bvix m½g] hw` ¶gvB
Ki‡Zb Z‡e wZwb †e‡n‡¯—B _vK‡Zb ; ¶gv K‡ib wb
e‡jB Aciv‡ai kvw¯—¯^iƒc `ywbqv bvgK †`vh‡L
wb‡¶c K‡i‡Qb| AZGe †m iƒcK AvqvZwU cybt
M‡elYvi `vex iv‡L|
P. c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbex †QvU‡ejv †_‡KB
P‚ovš— f`ª, mr, Av`k©, wb‡j©vf, c`©vbkxj, wKš‘
bxwZ‡Z wQ‡jb APj, AUj| Ggb P‚ovš— Av`k©evb,

147

i¶Ykxj gnvcyi“l w`‡b-iv‡Z KLb, KZRb wewei
m‡½ m½g Ki‡Zb Zv Qvnvev‡`i ¯^P‡¶ †`Lv ev
†kvbvi K_vB bq; wRÁvmv Kivi a„ôZv Kv‡iv _vKvi
K_v bq!
Kw_Z nq gnvbexi 13 Rb wewe wQ‡jb A_P 30 Rb
wewei m‡½ ci ci †hŠb wgj‡b m¶g wQ‡jb! BZ¨vw`
†Mvcbxq welq †evLvixMY wKfv‡e wbwðr n‡jb!! cyZcweÎ bexi bv‡g cÖKv‡k¨ eB cy¯—‡K RNb¨ wg_¨v
Acev` Avi KZKvj Kw_Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY cÖPvi
Ki‡eb! Avi KZ KvjB ev cÖK…Z avwg©KMY mn¨
Ki‡eb!
†hŠb ej&B hw` Avj−v‡Z¡i gvcKvwV nq Z‡e kªxK…‡òi,
†Qvjvqgv‡bi kZ/nvRvi †Mvcx wQj e‡j Kw_Z nq ;
Zv‡`i‡K kwiqZ-gv‡idZ †Kvb Avm‡b emv‡jb!
Av‡gwiKvi †hŠb mgªvU giûg fMevb iRbxk‡K Zviv
wK †Pv‡L †`‡Lb!
Q. †Q‡j †nvK, †g‡q †nvK, Avi AvuZz‡oB gviv hvK wK
†eu‡P _vK! wkï fzwgô nIqv gvÎB GgbwK g„Z fzwgô
n‡jI Rb¥ `vZv wcZv †LZvewU iwnZ nIqv ev gy‡Q
†djvi hyw³ ev ¶gZv we‡k¦i Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j
ARvbv †bB|
R. ÔwcZvÕ †m cyi“‡li †nvK wK †g‡qiB †nvK wcZv †m
wcZvB| cyi“‡li wcZv ev †g‡qi wcZv e‡j cv_©K¨
Kivi wcQ‡b †Kvb Ava¨vwZ¡KZv ev ¸i“ inm¨ wbwnZ
Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
S. Zv¾‡ei K_v: gyn¤§` [mt] †Kvb gvby‡li ev cyi“‡li
wcZv m¤^‡Ü †Nvi gZwe‡iva _vK‡jI Ôgyn¤§` †Kvb
bvix-cyi“‡li mš—vbÕ G‡Z Kv‡iv m‡›`n ev weZK© †bB!
T. gyjZt gnvbex bvix-cyi“l Df‡qiB wcZv| 5 †Q‡j:
Kv‡mg, ˆZqe, Zv‡ni, Beªvwng, Avãyj−vn; 4 †g‡q:
Rqbe, Kzjmyg, i“KvBqv I dv‡Zgv †gvU 9 Rb †Q‡j†g‡qi wcZv wQ‡jb| [`ª: †e‡nkZx †RIi, 6ô
L.c„:651 Avkivd Avjx _vbwf]
U. gnvbex hv‡q‡`i wcZv wQ‡jb bv| hv‡q` wQj Zuvi
cvjK cyÎ; Bnv Qvnvev Ges ïay †gvm‡jMYB bb,

GgbwK Agymwjg‡`iI ARvbv wQj bv; Avi G wb‡q
†Kvb weZK©I nq wb| weZK© n‡qwQj hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK
†`qv wewe Rqbe‡K wb‡q| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ cvjK cy‡Îi
ZvjvK †`qv wewe‡K cvjK evevi we‡q cÖ_v AZxZ
MÖ‡š’ ¯^xK…Z wQj Ges Zv ¯^vfvweK e‡jB †Kvivb mv¶x
†`q| KviY i‡³i m¤úK©nxY WvK mš—v‡bi ZvjvK †`qv
bvix‡K mvavibZt we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡i| wKš‘ we‡ivax
‡cŠËwjKMY Bnv‡K GKwU Bmy wnmv‡e e¨envi K‡ib|
hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK †`qv wewe Rqbe‡K we‡q Kivq
Zrmgv‡R hLb weZ‡K©i †Rvqvi eq, ZLb Zv LÛv‡bvi
Rb¨ wbæ AvqvZwU wbLuyZ Ges P‚ovš—fv‡e dqmvjv †`q:
Ò¯§iY Ki! hLb Zzwg †mB e¨w³‡K, hv‡K Avj−vn AbyMÖn
K‡iwQ‡jb Ges ZzwgI AbyMÖn K‡iwQ‡j; ejwQ‡j: ÔZzwg
†Zvgvi ¯¿x‡K wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ivL (ZvjvK w`I bv) Ges
Avj−vn‡K fq Ki,Õ Ges Zzwg wbR Aš—‡i hv †Mvcb
KiwQ‡j Avj−vn Dnv cÖKvk K‡i w`‡jb Ges Zzwg gvbyl‡K
fq KiwQ‡j, A_P Avj−vn‡KB †Zvgvi AwaK fq Kiv
DwPr| AZtci hv‡q` hLb Zvi m¤^‡Ü (ZvjvK) B”Qv c~Y©
Ki‡jv ZLb Avgiv †Zvgvi m‡½ Zvi we‡q w`jvg, †hb
†gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ Zv‡`i †cvl¨cyÎM‡Yi ¯¿x‡`i e¨vcv‡i
hLb Zviv Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü (ZvjvK) B”Qv c~Y© K‡i, ZLb
(Zv‡`i we‡q Ki‡Z) †Kvb ms‡KvP bv nq Ges Avj−vni
dqmvjv c~Y© nIqv AeavwiZ wQj|
Avj−vni Av‡`k Kvh©Kix n‡qB _v‡K| Avj−vn bexi Rb¨ hv
wewae× K‡i‡Qb Zv cvjb Ki‡Z Zvi Rb¨ †Kvb evav
†bB| c~‡e© †h me bex MZ n‡q‡Qb, Zv‡`i †¶‡ÎI wQj
GB GKB mybœZ [weavb]| Avj−vni mybœv‡Z [weav‡b] KLbI
†Kvb cwieZ©b cv‡e bv|Ó [`ª: 33:AvnRve: 37,38]
hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK †`qv wewe‡K wb‡q †h weZ‡K©i m„wó
n‡qwQj Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z mnR, mij Ges P‚ovš—fv‡eB
mgvavb w`‡q‡Q| AZtci wVK Zvi `yÕwU AvqvZ c‡iB
A_©vr Av‡jvP¨ 40 bs Avqv‡Z `y‡f©`¨ I m‡›`nRbKfv‡e H
GKB welqwU cybi“Ìvcb hyw³m½Z g‡b nq bv|
V. c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, weZ‡K©i g~j welqe¯‘ wcZvcyÎ cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ bq eis cvjK cy‡Îi ZvjvK †`qv

148

wewe‡K we‡q Kivi ‰eaZvi cÖ‡kœ| AZGe, G¶‡Y
Ô†gvnv¤§` †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb gvby‡li wcZv ev †Kvb
cyi“‡li wcZv b‡nb|Õ `k©YØq wbLuyZ m‡›`nRbK Ges
Zvi ZdwQi e¨vL¨vI ¯^fveZB m‡›`nRbK e‡j g‡b
nq|
gynv¤§` [mv] Aek¨ Aek¨B bvix I cyi“l Df‡qiB wcZv Ges
bvix-cyi“l Df‡qiB mš—vb| Kv‡iv mš—vb, Kv‡iv evc,
Kv‡iv eÜz-evÜe Ges Kv‡iv wcZvgn| A_©vr gvbyl wnmv‡e
mvaviY; bex wnmv‡e AmvaviY| A_©vr mvavi‡Yi AZzjbxq|
wbæ AvqvZ¸wj GB fveaviviB mg_©b †hvMv‡”Q:
1. Avi Avwg‡Zv GKRb gvbyl Ges ivQyj Qvov Ab¨ wKQy
bB| [17:ewb-BmªvBj- 93]
2. ej! Avwg‡Zv †Zvgv‡`iB gZ GKRb gvbyl|
[18:Kvn&d- 110]
3. gynv¤§` GKRb ivQyj gvÎ| Zvi c~‡e© eû ivQyj gviv
wM‡q‡Qb--| [3: Ggivb-144]
4. BmgvBj, Bqvmv, BDbym I jyZ, G‡`i‡KI mviv
Rvnv‡bi g‡a¨ †kªô‡Z¡i AwaKvix K‡iwQjvg| Zv‡`i
g‡a¨ Kvi“i wcZv, Kvi“i mš—vb, Kvi“i fvB‡`i g‡a¨
†_‡K Zv‡`i‡K †kªô m¤§v‡bi AwaKvix K‡iwQ; mZ¨
mbvZb c‡_ GwM‡q w`‡qwQ| [6: AvbAvg-86-87]
Dwj−wLZ fveavivUvB A_©vr ev¯—eZvUvB weZwK©Z Avqv‡Z
†Rvi w`‡q, ب_©nxb K‡Ú †NvlYv Kiv n‡q‡Q †h, Ògynv¤§`
wK †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡iv wcZv b‡nb?Ó A_©vr Ôgyn¤§` wK
†Zvgv‡`i gZB GKRb gvbyl b‡nb?Õ Aviex ÔgvÕ k‡ãi
A_© ÔwK?Õ bv?; A_©vr cÖkœ‡evaK Ôbv?Õ myPK Ônu¨v?Õ
A_©‡evaK Ae¨q| [†`Lyb: K.AvaywbK Aviex-evsjv
Awfavb; gv. gywnDwÏb Lvb; L.Aviwe-BsivRx wWK‡mbvix;
†R,Gb KvDqvb]| †hgb:
1. Avwg wK m`m¨ bB? 2. †m wK n¾ K‡i wb? 3. gv
BQgyKv A_©: †Zvgvi bvg wK? BZ¨vw`|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, AvqvZwUi cÖPwjZ kwiqZx Abyev` I
e¨vL¨vi ¯^c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi GKwU gvÎ AvqvZI Dc¯’vcb
Ki‡Z Kw®§bKv‡jI †KD m¶g n‡eb e‡j g‡b nq bv|
AvqvZwUi wØZxq ev †kl Ask:

Ajv wKi ivQywjj−vwn A LvZvgvbœvexb| A_©: Ges wZwb wKš‘
Avj−vni ivQyj Ges bex‡`i wmj&/ †kl bex|
Aviex ÔLvZvgÕ k‡ãi A_©: †gvni, wmj&, ó¨v¤ú, `vM, wPý
ev cÖZxK| Avw`Kvj †_‡K A`¨vewa Aviex we‡k¦ GB A‡_©B
e¨eüZ n‡q Avm‡Q| †Kviv‡bi hZ ¯’v‡b kãwU e¨eüZ
n‡q‡Q wVK ZZ ¯’v‡bB H GKB Ôwmj&Õ A_©B M„nxZ n‡q‡Q|
Dvj−wLZ Avqv‡Z AwaKvsk Bs‡iwR Abyev‡`I Ôwmj&Õ MÖnY
Kiv n‡q‡Q; c¶vš—‡i wKQy dviwm, D`©y, evsjv Abyev‡`
Ô†klÕ A_©wU MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| Aciw`‡K mK‡jB gbgM‡R, e¨vL¨v cÖPv‡i Ô†kl bexÕ wnmv‡eB ¯^xKvi K‡i
wb‡q‡Qb| GKgvÎ Avng`xqvMY Qvov, Z‡e Zv‡`i aviYvI
wfbœ `„wó †KvY ‡_‡K weZwK©Z e‡U!
†Kviv‡b ÔLZgÕ k‡ãi e¨envi j¶¨Yxq:
1.
Avj−vn Zv‡`i ü`q, KY© I †Pv‡L Ôwmj&Õ K‡i
w`‡q‡Qb ; myZivs Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q KwVb kvw¯—|
[2:evKviv-7]
2.
Dnviv wK e‡j †h, †m Avj−vn m¤ú‡K© wg_¨v iPbv
K‡i! hw` ZvB n‡Zv Z‡e, Avj−vn †Zvgvi Aš—‡i
ÔwmjÕ& K‡i w`‡Zb|[ 42:ïiv-24]
3.
AvR Zv‡`i gy‡L Ôwmj&Õ&
K‡i w`‡q‡Q|
[36:Bqvwmb-65]
4.
Ges †Zvgv‡`i Aš—i ÔwmjÕ& K‡i †`b--|
[6:AvbAvg-46]
5.
Ges Zv‡`i Kvb I ü`‡q Ôwmj&Õ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb Ges
†Pv‡L w`‡q‡Qb cÖ‡jc| [45:RvwQqv-23]
6.
Zvnvw`M‡K ÔwmjÕ& Kiv weï× cvwbq cvb Kiv‡bv
n‡e| [83:gyZvdwdwdb-25]
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj‡Z cwi¯‹vi-cwi”Qbœfv‡e Av‡jvP¨
ÔLZgÕ kãwU Ôwmj&Õ wnmv‡eB e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q| Gev‡i
wm‡ji cwie‡Z© Ô‡klÕ kãwU ewm‡q ÔLZgÕ Gi g~jv_©,
PwiÎ I ˆewkó AwZ mn‡RB D×vi K‡i wbwðr nIqv †h‡Z
cv‡i|
Avš—R©vwZK L¨vwZ m¤úbœ Avj−vgv BDmyd Avjxi Abyev`wU
j¶¨Yxq:
Muhammad is not the father of any of your men,

149

but the Messenger of Allah. `And the Seal of the
Prophets.’ And Allah has full knowledge of all
things. [Ahzab: 40]

Abyev`: gyn¤§` [mv] †Zvgv‡`i ga¨Kvi †Kvb gvby‡li wcZv
b‡nb| wZwb Avj−vni msev`evnK Ges bex‡`i wmj&|
Avj−vn me© welq me©ÁvZv|
Rbve BDmyd Avjxi gZ& I wek¦vm nvw`m †dKnv wfwËK
m‡Z¡I ÔLvZvgÕ k‡ãi A_© Ô†klÕ wnmv‡e MªnY Ki‡Z mvnmx
nbwb ev hyw³ Luy‡R cvbwb| wKš‘ Zvi e¨vL¨vq †kl bex
cªgv‡Yi Rb¨ †Póvi Kmyi K‡ib wb| Zvi wbæ e¨vL¨vwU
j¶¨Yxq:
When a document is sealed, it is Complete. And there
can be no further addition. The Holy Prophet
Muhammad closed the long line of Messengers.
Allah’s teaching is and will always be Continuous, but
there has been and will be no Prophet after
Muhammad. The later ages will want Thinkers and
Reformers, not Prophet- [Ref: Quran: Arabic-English.
By: Abdullah Yusuf Ali. Foot note no... 3731]

Abyev`: hLb †Kvb `wj‡j wmj& †`qv nq ZLbB Bnv
cwic~Y©Zv jvf K‡i| AZtci Dnv‡Z Avi †Kvb ms‡hvRb
P‡j bv| cyZ cweÎ bex gyn¤§` msev`evn‡Ki `xN© mywÎZv
eÜ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| Avj−vni wk¶v AweiZ Pj‡Z _vK‡e|
wKš‘ gyn¤§‡`i c‡i Avi †Kvb bex n‡e bv| cieZ©x hy‡M
wPš—vwe` Ges ms¯‹vi‡Ki `iKvi n‡e wKš‘ bex bq--|
e¨vL¨vwUi ch©v‡jvPbv
1. Rbve BDmyd Avjxi gš—e¨wU GZ kw³kvjx! co‡j g‡b
nq †hb wZwb mivmwi Avj−vni wb‡`©k †c‡q wbwðZ
n‡qB gš—e¨wU K‡i‡Qb| KviY: Dnv Zvi wbR¯^ gZ& ev
avi Kiv! Ggb AvKvi Bw½Z ev Ab¨ Kv‡iv myÎ
‡mLv‡b †bB!
2. ÔLvZvgvbœvexbÕ evK¨wUB weZ‡K©i g~j I cÖavb
welqe¯‘| wKš‘y wZwb AÁvZ Kvi‡Y Zv Gwo‡q wM‡q eis
ÔLvZvgv`& `wjj, ÔLvZvgvj AwnÕ ev ÔLvZvgvj †KZveÕ

3.

4.
5.

6.
7.

BZ¨vw` KvíwbK ev‡K¨i e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY K‡i‡Qb gvÎ ;
hv Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi av‡i Kv‡QI †bB! wKš‘ Ggb
A‡bK bex wQ‡jb, hv‡`i †Kvb †KZveB wQj bv ;
GgbwK Zviv †h bex wQ‡jb Zv cÖavbZt Avj−vn Qvov
†Kn Rvb‡ZbI bv| Ggb mv¶x cÖgvY †Kviv‡bB
i‡q‡Q|
`wjj ev wPwV c‡Î wmj& †`qvi g~j I cÖavb D‡Ïk¨
`wjjwU †kl n‡q hvIqvi cÖZxK bq ev `wjjwUi
c~Y©ZviI mv¶x enb K‡i bv; KviY `wj‡ji cÖ‡Z¨KwU
Am¤ú~Y© c„ôvqB GKB iKg Ôwmj&Õ _v‡K; myZivs
`wjjwU bKj bq, wg_¨v bq; Dchy³ ev wbw`©ó Awdm
KZ©„K Bmy¨K…Z wb‡f©Rvj Ges mZ¨vmZ¨ I ¯^‡Ë¡i
cÖZxKB Ôwmj;Õ Ggb `k©b I Ávb-¸‡Yi wePv‡i
Ôm‡›`nnxYÕ ev ÔwbLuyZÕ kã e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i|
`wjj c~Y© wK Ac~Y©, †kl wK ïi“, Zv `wj‡ji g‡a¨B
wek`fv‡e †jLv _v‡K|
gvwjK hZw`b _vK‡eb, AwdmI ZZw`b _vK‡e;
AZtci cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a c~e©er GKwUi ci GKwU
AbeiZ `wjj ev wPwV Bmy¨ n‡ZB _vK‡e Ges wbLuyZ
mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖZxK ¯^iƒc Zv‡Z cwiwPwZi H ÔwmjÕwUI
_vK‡e|
bex-ivQyj g‡bvbq‡bi wPimywÎZv ïi“-eÜ Kivi
¶gZv bex-ivQyj‡`i `vwqZ¡ I KZ©‡e¨i Aš—f©~³ bq|
wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ôms¯‹viKÕ Avm‡Z _vK‡eb| cÖavbZt
bex-ivQyj Qvov ag© ms¯‹v‡ii ¶gZv Ab¨ Kv‡iv †bB|
ag© wcZv nhiZ Beªvwng [mv] wbw`©ó wbqgvZvwš¿K ev
MVbZvwš¿K a‡g©i cÖeZ©K; GRb¨ Zv‡K †Kviv‡b ag©
wcZv e‡j D‡j−L Av‡Q| Ges cieZ©x mKj bexivQyjB ZviB cÖewZ©Z a‡g©i ms¯‹viK Z_v cÖeZ©K
bex-ivQyj| cieZ©x †Kvb bexB bZzb wKQy wb‡q Av‡mb
wb; bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ I RvKvZ Beªvwng †_‡KB
AvbyôvwbK e¨wZµg †f‡` mKj RvwZi g‡a¨ AvRI
weØgvb Ges hvi mv¶x cÖgvY †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq
ewY©Z Av‡Q| AZGe Avj−vgv BDQyd Avjxi gš—e¨wU
A`~i`wk©Zvi ¯^v¶i enb K‡i; ïay ZvBB bq eis ¯^

150

we‡ivax e‡jB mve¨¯— nq|
8. †Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU evK¨ GK GKwU c~Y© A_©‡evaK
evK¨; †h †Kvb ev‡K¨i ‰ewkó¨I ZvB| wKš‘ And the
Seal of the Prophets Ges bex‡`i wmj K_vUv c~Y©
A_©‡evaK evK¨ e‡j g‡b nq bv| KviY ÔGes bex‡`i
wmj&Õ ej‡Z wK eySvq!Õ Avi ZvB e‡jB BDmyd Avjx
mv‡ne Zvi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Am¤ú~Y©
ev‡K¨i e¨vL¨v-we‡k−lY Z‡ZvwaK Am¤ú~Y© nIqvB
¯^vfvweK e‡U!
9. Aviex‡Z cÖavbZt ÔLZgÕ A_©: Ôwmj&Õ Avi ÔLvjvQÕ A_©
†kl, hv AvRI Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ I mgv‡R cÖPwjZ; wKš‘
ÔLvjvQ ÕDwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z †bB; c¶vš—‡i dviwm, DÏ©y,
wn›`x ev evsjv fvlvi ÔLZgÕ k‡ãi A_© Ô†klÕ n‡Z
cv‡i Ges nvw`Q †jLKMY mK‡jB Aviex wkw¶Z
dviwm fvlvfvlx wQ‡jb| AZGe 3/4 fvlvi GKK
kãwUi my‡hv‡M Bwe−m m¤¢eZt Avgv‡`i‡K weåvš—
K‡i‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq|
10.ag© RM‡Z GB welqwU ‡kªóZg ¸i“Z¡c~Y© m‡Z¡I bex
†kl, Avi bex Avm‡e bv, Awn, †KZve Avm‡e bv,
eÜ K‡i †`qv n‡jv BZ¨vw` cwi¯‹vi evbx †Kviv‡bi
†Kv_vI mivmwi †Zv `y‡ii K_v! GgbwK Bw½Z ch©š—I
†bB|
g~jZt bexMY †h ev¯—weK c‡¶B Avj−vni g‡bvbxZ,
Aby‡gvw`Z, ¯^xK…Z, ZvwjKvf‚³ ; wb‡f©Rvj; bex †h
bex‡`i `jfz³ Ges wZwb wg_¨v bb, bKj ev fÛ bb eis
ÔwbLuyZÕ ZviB mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖZxK GB Ôwmj&Õ| A_©vr:
Authorised, Registered, Recognized, Identified,
Affilitiated, Enlisted; Ávb-¸YMZ †¶‡Î completed
c~Y©I ejv hvq; AZGe, And the seal of the Prophets bv n‡q
eis And one of the sealed Prophets nIqvB AwaKZi

hyw³m½Z e‡U!
Abyev`wUi mg_©‡b bx‡Pi AvqvZ j¶¨Yxq
K. Aek¨B Zzwg ivQyj‡`i Aš—f©~³/ Ab¨Zg ivQyj/ivQyj‡`i
g‡a¨ GKRb| [36:Bqvwmb-2]
L. AZx‡Zi mZK©Kvix‡`i gZ BwbI GKRb mZK©Kvix

gvÎ | [53:bvRg-56] [G m¤^‡Ü cÖPzi AvqvZ i‡q‡Q]|
AZGe G¶‡Y AvqvZwUi mnR I mij A_© nIqv DwPr:
Ògyn¤§` wK †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡iv wcZv b‡nb? wKš‘ wZwb
Dcv‡m¨i †cÖiYvcÖvß I ZvwjKvf~³/cÖwZkªyZ cÖZ¨vw`‡ói
GKRb BZ¨vw`| Ges DnvB AwaKZi hyw³m½Z|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, AvqvZwUi cÖPwjZ Abyev`, e¨vL¨vwek¦v‡mi ¯^c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi GKwU AvqvZI Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z
Kw®§bKv‡jI †KD m¶g n‡eb e‡j g‡b nq bv|
cÖ‡Z¨K bexiB byeyqvwZi cÖZxK ÔLZgÕ ev ÔwmjÕ& wQj;
†hgb: nhiZ Beªvwn‡gi RyZv; by‡ni †bŠKv; `vD‡`i evukx;
†Qvjvqgv‡bi AvswU; gyQvi jvwV; CQvi nvZ [eis Zvi
m¤ú~Y© †`n‡gveviK]; K…‡òi jvwV [euvkx bq]; wk‡ei wÎïj;
eªþvi RyZv; iv‡gi abyK; fi‡Zi Svo–; Qv‡j‡ni DU Ges
Avj-Avgx‡bi AvswU BZ¨vw`| A_©vr mKj bexMYB
wmj&W,gvK©vhy³ A_©vr ÔLvZvgvbœvexb|Õ
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Bs‡iwR Abyev‡` ÔLvZvgÕGi Abyev`
†Kv_vI `last’ K‡i‡Qb: last ej‡Z ended, no more,
final, stopped ev Ô†klÕ bvI eySv‡Z cv‡i; †hgb: last
hour, last year, last man BZ¨vw`| last ej‡Z next Gi
c~e©ve¯’vI eySvq| †`‡ki last †cÖwm‡W›U ej‡Z eZ©gvb ev
Dcw¯’Z †cÖwm‡W›U‡KB eySvq|
AvqvZwUi kãv_©mn Abyev`:
kãv_©: gv= wK? bv?; Kvbv= AZxZ myPK, NUgvb AZxZ;
†gvnv¤§v`= e¨w³; Avev= evev; Avn‡`g= Kv‡iv; wgb=
nÕ‡Z, g‡a¨, †_‡K; wi¾vj= gvbyl, gvbylMY, cyi“l,
cyi“lMY; K¡zg=†Zvgiv, †Zvgv‡`i; A= Ges, myZivs,
AZGe;
jvwKb=wKš‘,eis,myZivs,c¶vš—‡i;
ivQyj=
†cÖiYvcÖvß,fveev`x, ˆPZb¨avix; Avj−vn= †m,ARvbv,
Dcvm¨, cÖfy, me©bvgavix; A=Ges,myZivs,AZGe ; LvZvg=
wmj&, cÖZxK, `vM, wPý, gvK©v, cÖZ¨vwqZ, mZ¨vwqZ, Aš—
f©~³ AZtci Ôwb¶zZÕ ejv hvq; bex,bvexb (bexb) = bZzb,
Lei, PgK; fveev`x, fwel¨r e³v; cÖPwjZ Bmjvgx
cwifvlvq: Avw`ó, cÖZ¨vw`ó|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Aviex fvlv I e¨KiY Rvg©vb fvlvi †P‡qI
¯úl©KvZi, Kgwc−‡K‡UW Ges KLbI KLbI PvBbxR ev

151

Rvcvbx fvlvi gZB msw¶ß|
e¨KiY g‡Z ÔgvÕ k‡ãi c‡iB wµqvePK kã _vK‡j ÔgvÕi
A_© mvaviY ÔbvÕ ‡evaK A‡_©B M„nxZ nq Ges GiKg
D`vniY †Kviv‡b f~wi f~wi weØgvb _vK‡jI mKj †¶‡ÎB
Zv cÖ‡hvR¨ bq ! †hgb: Ggiv‡bi 144 bs Avqv‡Z ÔgvÕi
c‡iB wµqvevPK kã †bB; A_P wewfbœ Abyev‡` ÔgvÕ
kãwUi ‡Kv_vI ÔbvÕ Avevi †Kv_vI bv myPK Ônu¨Õ A‡_©
e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q:
A gv †gvnv¤§v`yb Bj−v ivQyjyb-[3:144] A_©:
1. gynv¤§` GKRb ivQyj gvÎ| (BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb)
2. gynv¤§` ivQyj Qvov Avi wKQyB bq| (gynv¤§` nvweeyi
ingvb)
Dwj−wLZ Abyev‡`i fvev‡_© hw`I †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB ZeyI
Abyev` nIqv DwPr wQj: gynv¤§v` wK ivQyj Qvov/e¨ZxZ Ab¨
wKQy? ÔgvÕ k‡ãi ÔwK? ev nu¨ myPK Ôbv? bq?Õ cÖkœ‡evaK
wPýwU e¨envi Ki‡j evK¨wU P¨v‡jÄ wnmv‡e cÖPÛ kw³kvjx
n‡Zv| ZeyI GLv‡b ÔgvÕi Abyev` mgv‡jvPbv wb®cÖ‡qvRb;
wKš‘ Av‡jvP¨ 33:40 Avqv‡Zi ÔgvÕ k‡ãi Abyiƒc mvaviY
f~wgKv bq|
Aviwe e¨Ki‡Yi mvaviY e¨envi cÖavbZt ¯’vb, Kvj I
cv‡Îi DciB †ewk wbf©i K‡i| ZvÕQvov c~‡e©I ejv
n‡q‡Q †h, c`¨, KweZv ev fveev`x evK¨-mvwn‡Z¨
e¨Ki‡Yi Pzj †Piv wnmve Ryi“ix bq|
`~i AZxZ †_‡KB †Zvgiv †`L‡Z cv‡”Qv †h, bex-ivQyj
nIqv bZzb wKQy bq, A‡jŠwKK wKQyI bq| AZGe GB
gnvcyi“‡li Dci †Zvgv‡`i m‡›`n ev Awek¦vm Kivi †Kvb
KviY ev hyw³ _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| †h‡nZz AZx‡Z wQj, †m‡nZz
eZ©gv‡bI Av‡Q, †Z‡nZz fwel¨‡ZI _vK‡e Ges BnvB
cÖvK…wZK Z_v wPiš—b; Aek¨ Aek¨v¤¢vex|
fveevYx †Kvivb eyS‡Z AvK¡j Ávb LvUv‡bv 17:34
Avqv‡Z KwVb wb‡`©k †`q Ges GRb¨ cÖ‡Z¨K‡K Reve w`wn
Ki‡Z n‡e! Abyev`‡Ki †`vnvB †mLv‡b MÖnY‡hvM¨ n‡e bv|
GRb¨ 17:34 AvqvZwU ‡Kvivb †evSvi cÖavb PvweKvwV,
KvIQvi ev cikcv_i| ï× K‡i †ZjvIqvZ Kivi A_©B
h_vh_ A_© Dcjwã Kiv Ges Z`vbyiƒc AbymiY bv Ki‡j

N‡ii Zv‡Ki †Kvivb Avi jvI‡n gvndz‡Ri †Kvivb A_ev
gyL¯— †Kvivb A_ev ‡bB †Kvivb A_ev gvwb ev gvwb bv
†Kvivb BZ¨vw`i djvdj mgvb| A_©vr cÖ‡qvM Qvov
¯^xKvi-A¯^xKvi ev wek¦vm -Awek¦v‡m †Zgb †Kvb cv_©K¨
_v‡K bv|
mKj bex-ivQyjB wQ‡jb Kv‡iv evc, åvZv, fvB, mš—vb,
m‡nv`i, eÜz-evÜe; ¯^vgx, kvjv-mb¥Üx; A_©vr Avgv‡`i
gZB gvbyl| Avgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB Ges Avgv‡`i Rb¨B;
e¨wZµg ïay Zviv †cÖiYvcÖvß wKš‘ Avgiv Zv bB| Zuviv
AmvaviY, Avgiv mvaviY; AZGe gnvcyi“lMY Kvi fvB!
Kvi mš—vb! Kvi evc! †Kvb& es‡ki! †Kvb& Rv‡Zi! BZ¨vw`
A‡nZzK Ges Aevš—i cÖkœ Zz‡j evK-weZÛv, SMov-dvQv`,
An¼vi, wnsmv, we‡Øl bv K‡i eis Avcb Avcb ¯^v‡_©B
Zuv‡`i gvb¨ K‡i Pjv DwPr| Dwj−wLZ fveavivwUi c‡¶
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq AZx‡Zi mg¯— bexi Av‡jv‡P¨
mv¶x cÖgvY enb K‡i|
ivQy‡ji Avg„Zz¨ ch©š— c¨vMb I Ab¨ ag©x‡`i me‡P‡q KwVY
I ¸i“Z¡c~Y© cªkœ wQj †h, ÔAgyK cvovi, Agy‡Ki †Q‡j
A‡b‡Ki †P‡q wbæ mvaviY gvbylwU bex nj wK K‡i!Õ [`ª:
43: hyLi“L-30,31] GRb¨ cÖ‡kœi ci cÖ‡kœ ivQyj‡K
RR©wiZ K‡iwQ‡jb| AvRI we‡k¦i cÖvq wZb PZzivsk
†jv‡Ki †mB GKB cÖkœ Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q| wKQy cÖkœ ms‡L‡c
DØ„Z n‡jv:
c~‡e© gyQv‡K †hgb cÖkœ K‡iwQj †ZvgivI wK †Zvgv‡`i
ivQyj‡K Abyiƒc cÖkœ Ki‡Z PvI? Avj−vn Avgv‡`i m‡½
K_v e‡j bv †Kb? Avgv‡`i Dci Awn nq bv †Kb? Avj−vn
Avgvw`M‡K Ggb †Kvb ivQy‡ji Ici wek¦vm bv Ki‡Z e‡j
†i‡L‡Qb; hZ¶Y bv Avgv‡`i wbKU Ggb †Kvievbx wb‡q
Av‡m hv‡K Av¸b MÖvm K‡i †b‡e? Zzwg Avgv‡`i Dci
Avmgvb †_‡K wjwLZ wKZve AeZxY© KivI? Zvi Kv‡Q
†d‡ikZv †cÖiY Kiv nj bv †Kb? KLbIB gvb‡ev bv
hZ¶Y ch©š— ‡Zvgvi gZ Avgv‡`i Dci Awn bvwRj nq?
Avgiv KLbI wek¦vm Ki‡ev bv †h ch©š— bv:
fyc„ô †_‡K Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKwU SiYv cÖevwnZ Ki? GKwU
†LRyi-Av½y‡ii evMvb Ki Zv‡Z Sibvmgyn cÖevwnZ Ki?

152

Avmgvb‡K LÛ-weLÛ K‡i †`LvI? Avj−vn I †d‡i¯—v‡K
Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Avb? ‡Zvgvi Rb¨ †mvbvi ˆZix GKwU Ni
Ki? Zzwg AvKv‡k Av‡ivnb K‡i †`LvI? AvKvk †_‡K
GKwU †KZve wb‡q Avm BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| [`ª: 17: ewbBmªvBj-90-93; cÖf„wZ]
G mKj Aevš—i cÖ‡kœi Dˇi ‡Kviv‡b Avj−vn evi evi
e‡jb †h, ÔivQy‡ji wbR¯^ A‡jŠwKK ¶gZv †bB, fyZfwel¨r Rv‡bb bv; †Zvgv‡`i gZB gvbyl, Kv‡iv mš—vb,
Kv‡iv evc, fvB, AvwZ¥q ¯^Rb; wKš‘ AZx‡Zi gZ AvgviB
g‡bvwbZ m‡›`nvZxZ bex-ivQyj|Õ [`ª:6:AvbAvg-50; 10:
BDbym-49; 11: û`-31; 46: AvnKvd-9]
Avw`Kvj †_‡K 14 kZ wnRixi c~e© ch©š—, mgv‡R †jvK
gy‡L GKwU cÖwm× nvw`m cÖPwjZ wQj †h, Ò14 kZ wnRixi
c‡i wK n‡e, bv n‡e Zv gnvbex Rvb‡Zb bv|Ó †Kb
Rvb‡Zb bv! Zvi hyw³ †`Lv‡Zb †h, 14 kZ wnRixi c‡iB
Ô†KqvgZÕ N‡U hv‡e| AZGe †KqvgZ n‡q †M‡j bex
Avmvi Avi `iKviB ev wK! my‡hvMB ev †Kv_vq! myZivs
wZwbB Ô†kl bexÕ wnmv‡e wek¦vm Kivi Vzb‡Kv hyw³ wQj
e‡U! Avi GB Vzb‡Kv hyw³wUB Zv‡`i Kv‡Q cÖavb hyw³
wnmv‡e KvR K‡i‡Q| †Kb wZwb †kl bex! G cÖkœ I hyw³i
cÖavb DËi Ô†KqvgZ n‡eÕ wØZxq DËi Ô‡Kvivb c~Y© n‡q
Avm‡Q, Avj−vni nv‡Z Avi wKQy †`qvi †bB|Õ wKš‘ 14 kZ
wnRixi c‡i AvRI †KqvgZ hLb nq wb eis nvw`mwU
wg_¨v I fzj cÖgvwYZ Ges AZx‡Zi mKj MÖš’B c~Y© _vKv
m‡Z¡I ci¤úivq bex-ivQyj Avm‡Qb e‡j †KvivbB mv¶x
†`q; ZLb Ô†kl bexÕ wek¦vm Kivi Avi Z„Zxq †Kvb hyw³
_vKvi K_v bq|
nvw`mwU ÔQwe msµvš— nvw`mÕ BZ¨vw`i gZB ax‡i ax‡i
we¯§„Z K‡i‡Q ev n‡q‡Q wKš‘ Ô†kl bexÕ wek¦vmwU AvRI
we¯§„Z nq wb ev K‡ib wb! Zvi GKgvÎ KviY wnsmv, AÁZv
I cÖkœ‡evaK ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨B| Avi GRb¨B Zviv Avj−vni
wei“‡× ÔLZ‡g byeyqvZÕ KwgwU MVb K‡i Avj−vni bv‡g,
Avj−vni K‡g©, Avj−vni mv‡_B P¨v‡jÄ K‡i‡Qb| cybt cybt
bex-ivQyj AvMg‡bi m‡½ Kw_Z Ô†Kqvg‡ZiÕ †Kvb
m¤úK© †bB| bex-ivQyj Avm‡j ev Avm‡Z _vK‡j Zv‡`i

GZ ivM-Awfgvb ev AvcwËi KviY wK! G cÖ‡kœi DËi Avey
†h‡nj Qvov Avi Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j ARvbv †bB|
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj n‡Ki evbx‡Z AvqvZwUi Abyev`:
gv-Kv-bv †gvnv¤§v`yb Avev
Ògnvcyi“l AvL¨vb gvÎ
Avnw`w¤§i wi¾vwjK¡zg
†Kvb hy‡M Kw®§bKv‡j
†KnB cvbwb L¨vwZ D³
Agy‡Ki ev‡c, Agy‡Ki cyÎ|
Ajv wKi ivQywjj−vnx
ei wZwb nb gnvcyi“l
†cÖiYv‡K whwb iv‡L Zß
Avj−vni †cÖiYv‡Z †cÖiYvcÖvß|
mªóv m„‡ói †cÖiYv msNl©
dz‡U †ei nq †e‡M
m„‡ói gy‡L ey`ey` m`„k
e¨³ nq m„‡ói wbR fv‡l
m„wói †miv mªóvi cvwÛZ¨:
G‡KB e‡j bvev‡q Gjvnx|
hvi gy‡L dz‡U cÖKv‡k
wZwbB nb Z_vi bex|
A LvZvgvbœvexb
fyw³ n‡q Avj−vni ¯^xK…wZ‡Z
c~e©eZ©x ZuviB bex‡`i †kªYx
Zv‡ZB wZwb nb LvZvgvbœvex|Ó
GKB welq, GKB K_v, GKB hyw³i Z‡ZvwaK avivevwnK
cÖgvb I wewfbœ `„wó‡Kvb †_‡K ciewZ© cÖwZ‡e`bwU bZzb
K‡i j¶bxq|
*
56 beyqZ †kl bq

[[ÁvZe¨: Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ eZ©gvb I fwel¨Z Kv‡ji wPý

GKB; †h k‡ã eZ©gvb eySvq wVK †mB k‡ãB fwel¨rI
eySvq; A_©vr Kwi/Kie; hvB/hve; cvVvB/cvVve BZ¨vw`;
wKš‘ Abyev`KMY Bgvg †evLvix‡`i (i) Dci Bgvb nvivevi
f‡q Avj−vni †Kviv‡bi Abyev‡` Kv‡ji e¨envi we‡kl

153

†¶‡ÎI `~tmvnwmK Kvc©Y¨ K‡i‡Qb|]]
AvR‡Ki gbyl¨ RvwZi Avw` wcZv nhiZ Av`g Bewj‡mi
cÖ‡ivPbvq Avj−vni Av‡`k Agvb¨ K‡i jw¾Z nb|
AZtci Aby‡kvPYv I AbyZ‡ß Avj−vn Zuvi byb¨Zg kvw¯—
¯^iƒc, wbæewY©Z k‡Z© wKQyKv‡ji Rb¨ ¯^vaxb Rxeb `vb
K‡ib:
1.
KzjbvnweZz--Lv‡j`yb| [2:evKviv-38,39] A_©:
Avwg ejjvg, †Zvgiv G ¯’vb [eZ©gvb Ae¯’v] †_‡K
ewn¯‹…Z| AZtci Avgvi Zid †_‡K †Zvgv‡`i
wbKU hLb(B) mr c‡_i wb‡`©k Av‡m/Avm‡e
[hLbB Awn wb‡q bex-ivQyj Avm‡e ] ZLb hviv
Dnv gvb¨ K‡i Pj‡e Zv‡`i †Kvb fq _vK‡e bv
Ges Zviv Akvwš— †fvM Ki‡e bv| Avi hviv Agvb¨
Ki‡e ZvivB wPi¯’vqx `ytL I Akvwš— †fvM Ki‡Z
ag© wcZv nhiZ Beªvnxg [mv]| ZviB Abymvix [D¤§Z]
ciewZ© mKj bex-ivQyjmn AvR‡Ki gvbe mgvR|
GB Beªvnx‡gi m‡½B 1 bs Dwj−wLZ Avj−vni
Iqv`v;
µgvMZ
bex-ivQyj
AvMg‡bi
KvjvKvj‡f`x wPi mywÎZvi Pzw³ m¤úvw`Z nq,
†`Lyb:
2.
A GReZvjv-- h‡jwgb| [2:evKviv-124] Ges
¯§iY Ki, hLb Beªvwng‡K Zvi cÖwZcvjK K‡qKwU
K_v Øiv cix¶v K‡iwQ‡jb Ges †m¸wj †m c~Y©
K‡iwQj; Avj−vn& ej‡jb, ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡K gvbe
RvwZi †bZv KiwQ|Õ †m ej‡jv, ÔAvgvi
eskaiM‡Yi ga¨ †_‡KI!Õ Avj−vn ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi
Aw½Kvi AZ¨vPvwi‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡hvR¨ b‡n|Õ [A_©vr
Zvi cÖv_©bv gÄyi K‡i‡Qb wKš‘ AZ¨vPvwi‡`i Rb¨
gÄyi K‡ib wb]
3.
iveŸvbv --nvwKg|[2:evKviv-128, 129] A_©:
Ô†n Avgv‡`i ie!-- Ges Avgv‡`i eskai †_‡K
†Zvgvi GK AbyMZ `j ivwLI| Avgvw`M‡K
bvgv‡Ri wbqg c×wZ wkwL‡q w`I --|
†n Avgv‡`i ie! †mB AbyMZ `‡ji ga¨ †_‡K
Zv‡`i Rb¨ GKRb ivQyj g‡bvbxZ KwiI, †h

†Zvgvi AvqvZmg~n Zv‡`i wbKU eY©bv Ki‡e|
Zvnvw`M‡K †nKgZ (Ávb-weÁv‡bi myÎ I Kjv†KŠkj) wk¶v †`‡e I cvK cweÎ (AfvenxY)
Ki‡e--|
Beªvnx‡gi (mv) Dwj−wLZ cÖv_©bv I Avj−vni Aw½Kvi
†gvZv‡eK hy‡M hy‡M [Kg-‡ewk] AbyMZ e¨w³/`j
wQj,AvRI Av‡Q Ges Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K gvbe RvwZi Rb¨
GKRb bex ev ivQyjI g‡bvbxZ n‡q Avm‡Qb; AvqvZwU
GK_vB e‡j; Ges Gfv‡e hy‡M hy‡M AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj
g‡bvbxZ n‡q Avm‡Qb| GRb¨B c~e© Dwj−wLZ Avj−vni
cÖwZkÖ“wZ Abyhvqx ciewZ© mKj bex‡KB cÖwZkÖ“Z bex ejv
nq| Avj−vn hvi ¯^í msL¨K Qvov †ewk msL¨K‡`i BwZnvm
†Kviv‡b eY©bv K‡ibwb |
Avj−vni GB mnR-mij avivevwnK bex g‡bvbq‡bi ¯’vqx
Aw½Kvi KLbI f½ K‡i‡Qb! wK f½ Ki‡eb! ev iwnZ
K‡i‡Qb! ev Ki‡eb! A_ev nhiZ †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] ci
†_‡K evwZj n‡qB †Mj! Ggb †Kvb AvKvi-Bw½Z mgMÖ
†Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI †bB| Gi c‡iI hw` nvw`‡mi Dci
Bgvb nvivi f‡q AvqvZwUi Dci hv‡`i m‡›`n nq Zv‡`i
cybt j¶bxq:
Zzwg KLbI g‡b KwiI bv †h, Avj−vn Zvi ivQyjM‡Yi m‡½
cÖ`Ë¡ Iqv`v f½ K‡ib/Ki‡eb| Avj−vn civµgkvjx, `Û
weavqK| [14: Beªvwng-47; 22: nv¾-47]
AZGe cÖ‡qvR‡b cybt cybt, G‡Ki ci GK µgvMZ bexivQyj AvMg‡bi ¯^-c‡¶ Dwj−wLZ AvqvZÎqB h‡_ó I
Pzovš— e‡j Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji c‡¶ GKjv n‡jI we‡k¦i cÖwZ
P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o †`qv hvq|
AviI kw³kvjx cÖgvb n‡jv AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K
c~e©v‡jvwPZ 33: AvnRve-40 bs AvqvwZwUi cÖPwjZ
Abyev` I e¨vL¨v-wek¦vm m¤ú~Y© wecixZ mve¨¯— K‡i| GB
wecixZv_©K wek¦vm †Kvivb‡K m‡›`n I weZ‡K©i m¤§yLxY
K‡i‡Q wKbv! Zv kwiq‡Zi †f‡e †`Lv DwPr|
welqwU me©‡kªó ¯úl©KvZi ‡nZz cybðz wek` Av‡jvPbv
Ae¨nZ iBjt
†mB AbyMZ `j, ¯’vb, Kvj I fvlv‡f‡` KLbI Avh©¨, f`ª,

154

Bûw`, †eŠ×, ‰Rb, wkL, wLª÷vb I †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` bv‡g
cwiwPZ wQj Ges Av‡QI| wKš‘ cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j Kv‡ji
weeZ©‡b PZzi ag©vÜ, cy‡ivwnZ, cvw`ª, cwÛZ I ¯^-‡NvlxZ
ivQy‡ji †m‡ÎUvixMY [bv‡q‡e ivQyj] e¨w³ I `‡ji N„b¨
¯^v‡_© ZrKvjxb bex‡`i †`vnvB w`‡qB Hkx MÖ‡š’i cvkvcvwk Dcwbl`, †U÷v‡g›U, nvw`m bv‡g `yÕb¤^ix AvBb Z_v
kwiqZ iPbv K‡i gZ‡f` I gZwe‡iva m„wó K‡i wewfbœ
`j Dc-`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Qb; cye© cÖwZkÖ“wZ †gvZv‡eK
cieZ©x bex Avmv m‡Ë¡I ¯^-¯^ `‡ji †NvwlZ cy‡ivwnZ,
cv`ªx, cwÛZ, Av‡jgMY evc-`v`vi i`-e`jK…Z
mv¤cÖ`vwqK iwPZ ag© gZ& I c‡_ w¯’i i‡q‡Qb Ges ¯^ ¯^
bex‡K Ô†kl bexÕ wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i ciewZ© bex‡K
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i‡Qb; GKgvÎ wnsmvi Kvi‡Y Ges ¯^v_© nvwbi
f‡q| cÖavbZt cÖfvekvjx, cÖwZwôZ, abxMY KLbIB
ciewZ© bex‡K MÖnY K‡ibwb, AvRI Ki‡eb bv| c¶vš—‡i,
wb‡®úwlZ, wbcxoxZ wbixn mij cÖvY Mixe `ye©j Amnvq
RbmvaviY bZzb bex‡K eiY K‡i Beªvnx‡gi †mB Avw` Pzw³
mgybœZ †i‡L‡Qb| G m¤^‡Ü wbæ AvqvZwU j¶¨bxq:
A byix`y--A‡imxb| [28:Kvmvm-5] A_©: Avwg PvB
wb‡¯úlxZ wbwcoxZ Amnvq RbmvaviY‡K mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z;
Zv‡`i †bZ…Z¡ `vb K‡i †`‡ki AwaKvix Ki‡Z|
[28:Kvmvm-5]
4.
A wZjKv-- Avjxg| [6: AvbAvg-83] A_©:Ges
Bnv Avgvi hyw³-cÖgvb hv Beªvnxg‡K w`‡qwQjvg
Zvi m¤cÖ`v‡qi gyKvwejvi Rb¨; Avwg hv‡K B”Qv
gh©v`vq DbœxZ Kwi/Kie; †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK
cÖÁvgh, Ávbx|
5.
A Anvebv--gyn‡Qbxb| [6: AvbAvg-84] A_©:
Ges Zv‡K `vb K‡iwQjvg BmnvK I BqvKze I
Zv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨K‡K mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡iwQjvg;
c~‡e© byn‡KI mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡iwQjvg Ges
Zvi eskai `vD`, myjvqgvb, Avqye, qymyd, gymv I
nviƒb‡KI; Avi Gfv‡eB mr cwikªgx‡`i cyi¯‹…Z
Kwi/Kie|
6.
RvwjKv--Bqvgvjyb| [6: AvbAvg-88] A_©: Bnv

Avj−vni c_! ¯^xq ev›`v‡`i g‡a¨ hv‡K B”Qv wZwb
Bnv Øviv [Awn Øviv] mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ
K‡ib/Ki‡eb|
7.
DjvBKv-- ‡eKv‡dixb|[6: AvbAvg-89] A_©:
Zv‡`i‡KB †KZve, KZ©„Z¡, byeqvZ cÖ`vb
Kwi/Kie; AZtci hw` Zviv H¸wj cÖZ¨vL¨vb
K‡i Z‡e Avwg Ggb GK m¤cÖ`v‡qi cÖwZ G¸wji
fvi Ac©Y Kwi/Kie hviv G¸wj cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i
bv/Ki‡e bv|
8.
BDbvw¾jy-- dvËvKzb| [16: bvnj-2] A_©: wZwb
Zvi `vkw`‡Mi g‡a¨ hvi cÖwZ B”Qv wb‡`©k m¤^wjZ
(Inxmn) †d‡i¯—v cvVvb/cvVv‡eb, G g‡g© mZK©
Kivi Rb¨ †h, Avwg e¨ZxZ †Kvb Bjvn& †bB;
myZivs Avgv‡K fq Ki|
9.
A iveŸyKv---BDm‡iKzb| [28:Kvmvm-68] A_©:
†Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK hv B”Qv m„wó K‡ib I hv‡K
B”Qv Zv‡KB g‡bvbxZ K‡ib/Ki‡eb, G‡Z I‡`i
†Kvb nvZ †bB--|
10. Bbœv AvbRvjbvû-- gyi‡Qjxb| [44:`yLvb-3-5]
A_©: Avwg Bnv AeZxY© Kwi/Kie AÜKv‡i
Avwke©v` (evivKvZ †_‡K gyevivKvZ) ¯^iƒc|
wbðqB Avwg mZK©Kvix| GB iRbx‡Z (AÜKvi
hy‡M) ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq wm×vš— †bqv nq| Av‡`k †Zv
AvgviB; AvwgB ivQyjMY‡K g‡bvwbZ K‡i _vwK|
mgvR hLb Pig Ae¶q, AatcZb ev AÜKv‡i wbgw¾Z
nq ZLbB D×viK‡í Avkxe©v` ¯^iƒc bex-ivQyj cvwV‡q
mZK© Ges Pzovš— wm×vš— †bqv nq|
kwiq‡Zi aviYv Kv‡j Kv‡j ag©MÖš’ cwiewZ©Z, cwiewa©Z
n‡q †kl bex nhiZ gyn¤§‡`i [mv] gva¨‡g wPi cwic~Y©Zv
jvf K‡i‡Q; Avi wKQBy evwK †bB| Avj−vni Ávb, ¸b,
¶gZv, Avkv-AvKvs¶v GLv‡bB mgvß|
Zv‡`i fvev DwPr †h,gvÎ nhiZ gynv¤§` [mv] †Kb! nhiZ
Av`g‡KB [mv] Avj−vn mewKQy w`‡q cwic~Y©Zvq c~Y© K‡i
cvwV‡qB ¶vš— nb wb! eis †d‡i¯—vMY‡K P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o w`‡q
†NvlYv w`‡jb †h, Av`g c~Y©, †m mewKQy Rv‡b| Avj−vni

155

gy‡L mewKQy ej‡Z Avi wKQy evwK _vKvi K_v bq, hv
ciewZ© bexMY wb‡q Avm‡eb! ZeyI AbeiZ bexi ci bex
g‡bvbq‡bi KviY ‡f‡e †`Lv Ri“ix! AvqvZwU j¶bxq:
11. A Avjvgv-- ZvKZzgyb| [2:evKviv-31-33] A_©:
Ges wZwb Av`g‡K mewKQyi bvg wk¶v w`‡jb,
Zrci †m mgy`q †d‡i¯—v‡`i m¤§y‡L cÖKvk Ki‡jb
Ges ej‡jb, ÔGB mgy`‡qi bvg Avgv‡K e‡j `vI!
hw` †Zvgiv mZ¨ev`x n‡qB _vK--|-- wZwb
ej‡jb, Ô†n Av`g! Zv‡`i mg¯— wKQyi [e¯‘
RM‡Zi] bvg e‡j `vI!Õ hLb †m mewKQyi bvg
e‡j w`j, wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg wK †Zvgv‡`i
ewjwb †h, AvKvkgÛj I c„w_exi `„k¨-A`„k¨
m¤^‡Ü Avwg wbwðZfv‡e AewnZ Ges †Zvgiv hv
e¨³ Ki ev †Mvcb ivL Avwg ZvÕI Rvwb!Õ
Av`g‡K wK‡mi bvg wk¶v w`‡q wQ‡jb! Gi Bw½Z ciewZ©
†Nvlbvi g‡a¨B cwi¯‹vi: ÔAvwg wK ewjwb †h `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i
mewKQyB Avwg Rvwb!Õ A_©vr †d‡i¯—vMY gvÎ ÔAwKQ,yÕ Ae¯‘
ev A`„k¨ Ávb cÖvß; c¶vš—‡i gvbyl [Av`g] ÔmewKQyÕ A_©vr
`„k¨-A`„k¨ Df‡qiB Ávb cÖvß; GRb¨B †d‡ikZvMY
gvby‡li Awab| bvg gv‡bB e¯‘ Ges Zv Aw¯—Z¡ m¤úbœ |
A`„k¨ †_‡K `„k¨, AÁvZ †_‡K ÁvZ nIqv Ges Zvi cš’v
Av`gRvZ‡K ‡`qv n‡q‡Q| GRb¨B A`„k¨ ev fwel¨‡Zi
cÖwZ [Mv‡qe] wek¦vm ev Bgvb `„p ivL‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q [`ª: 2:
evKviv-3|]
Rxe Z_v gvbyl gvÎB Avj−vni cÖwZwbwa;ZviZg¨ nq ‰PZb¨
ev Ávb jv‡fi Dci; Avi ZvB e‡jB cxi, Av‡jgAvj−vgvMY (weÁvbxMY) Mv‡q‡e wek¦vm K‡iB Avwe¯‹v‡ii
ci Avwe¯‹vi K‡i A`„k¨‡K `„k¨Zi K‡i Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K
mKj‡KB wbi‡c¶ †mev K‡i Pj‡Qb|
g~jZt Av`‡gi Av‡M-c‡i c„w_ex KZevi †h aŸsm I
we‡aŠZ n‡q‡Q; AvR‡Ki †P‡qI KZ DbœZ I wekvj cÖMwZ
nVvr _g‡K `uvwo‡q‡Q; cybt aŸsm cybt cÖMwZi w`‡K avweZ
n‡q‡Q; Zvi †Kvb wbw`©ó wnmve ev aviYv AZxZ eZ©gvb
†Kvb weÁvbx, Avj−vgv ev gvby‡li Rvbv †bB| eZ©gvb
hy‡Mi Ávbx-¸Yx‡`i †P‡q K‡Zv †ewk DbœZ Ávbx ¸Yx

AZxZ Kv‡j wQj ZviI mv¶¨`vb K‡i wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Z:
12K. AGR-- ZvAvjvgyb| [2-evKviv-30]A_©: ¯§iY
Ki! hLb ie †d‡ikZv‡`i ej‡jb, ÔAvwg e¯‘i
[c„w_ex] cÖwZwbwa m„wó KiwQ! Zviv ejj, ÔAvcwb
wK †mLv‡b Ggb KvD‡K m„wó Ki‡eb †h Akvwš—
NUvq/NUv‡e I i³cvZ K‡i/Ki‡e? AvgivB †Zv
Avcbvi cÖksmv, ¯‘wZ I cweÎZv †Nvlbv Kwi--|
A_©vr †d‡i¯—v‡`i Av`g c~e© `~i ev wbKU AZx‡Zi asm
cÖvvß Ggb GK ev GKvwaK RvwZi ev¯—e I cÖZ¨¶ AwfÁZv
Av‡Q; hviv Avgv‡`i gZB i³-gvs‡mi †`navix wQj!
¯^v‡_©i nvbvnvwb, GgbwK hy×-weMÖn, LyYvLyYx KiZ|
Zv‡`i‡K wRb ejyK! Lvov gvbyl ejyK ev PZz®ú` gvbyl ev
Rš‘B ejyK †mUv eo K_v bq| Zviv †h Avgv‡`i gZB
i³-gvs‡mi ¯’yj †`navix wQj GUvB g~j K_v| wRb-‡d‡i¯—
v †Zv AvRI Av‡Q! AZx‡ZI wQj; myZivs wek¦vm †h, Av`g
†_‡KB gbyl¨ Rv‡Zi m„wó welqwU kwiqZ bZzb K‡i
fve‡j weÁv‡bi BfwjDmb w_Dwii m‡½ Av‡cvl n‡Z
cv‡i|
L.
Avjvg-- Lvwib| [6:AvbAvg-6] A_©: Zviv wK
†`‡L bv †h, Zv‡`i c~‡e© K‡Zv gvbe †Mvwô‡K
webvk K‡iwQ; Zv‡`i‡K `ywbqvq Ggbfv‡e cÖwZwôZ
K‡iwQjvg †hgbwU †Zvgv‡`i‡KI Kwiwb| Ges
Zv‡`i Dci AweiZ e„wó el©Y K‡iwQjvg Avi
Zv‡`i cv`‡`‡k Zzdvb R‡jv”Qvm cÖevwnZ
K‡iwQjvg; AZtci Zv‡`i cv‡ci `i“Y Zv‡`i‡K
wbg©~j K‡iwQ Ges Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡Liv‡Z) Aci
gvbe †Mvwô‡K m„wó K‡iwQ|
M.
AKvg-- wiBqvb| [19: gwiqg-74] A_©: Dnv‡`i
c~‡e© KZ gvbe‡Mvôx‡K webvk K‡iwQ hviv Dnv‡`i
Zzjbvq m¤ú` I mvgvwRKZvq †kªô wQj!
N.
A jvKv`--BqvQZvnRxDb| [46:Avn&Kvd-26]
A_©: Avwg Dnv‡`i‡K †h cÖwZôv w`‡qwQjvg
†Zvgv‡`i Zv †`Bwb--|
O.
A jvKv`-- BqviwRDb| [46:Avn&Kvd-27] A_©:
Avwg‡Zv aŸsm K‡iwQjvg †Zvgv‡`i PZz¯úvk¦©ewZ©

156

mKj Rbc`|
AvqvZ¸wji Av‡jv‡K Hi“c GKwU Kvj I mgvR m¤^‡Ü
AvR‡Ki BwZnvm, fy‡Mvj, weÁvb ev `k©b kv‡mªi Kv‡iv
Ges wKQyB Rvbv †bB! AZGe eZ©gvb ev AvaywbK hyMB †h
†kªó hyM ev c~Y© hyM Zv aviYv gvÎ ; MvQ-cvjv, cï‡`iI
nq‡Zv Ggb aviYvB nq| Rxe hZ¶Y †e‡P _v‡K ZZ¶YB
g‡b nq †hb GBB AvaywbK! GBB me©†kªó hyM! wKš‘ N bs G
cwi¯‹vi e‡j w`‡q‡Q †h Ggb GKwU AZx‡Zi gZ †kªóZ¡Zv
GLbI Avgv‡`i‡K †`qv nqwb|
AZx‡Zi †mB BwZnvm ¯§iY Kivevi c‡iI Avj−vn cybt
†NvlYv K‡ib:
13. AwjKz‡j−-- Lvwj`yb| [7:Avivd-34-36] A_©:
cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZiB GKwU wbw`©ó †gqv` Av‡Q| hLb
Zv‡`i mgq Avm‡e ZLb Zviv gyûZ© Kvj ch©š—I
wej¤^ A_ev Z¡iv Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| †n Av`g RvZ
! hLb(B) †Zvgv‡`i ga¨ n‡Z †Kvb ivQyj G‡m
Avgvi AvqvZ wee„Z K‡i/Ki‡e, ZLb hviv
mveavb nq/n‡e Ges wbRw`M‡K ms‡kvab
K‡i/Ki‡e Zv‡`i †Kvb fq A_ev `ytL `y`©kv
_v‡Kbv/_vK‡e bv--|
Z`ycwi hZ Ávbx †jvK MZ n‡q‡Q Ges hviv eZ©gvb Av‡Q,
Zv‡`i †P‡qI gnv Ávbx †jvK fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ gIRy`
i‡q‡Q:
14. A DLiv-- Kvw`ivb| [48: dZ&n-21] A_©: -AviI eû m¤ú` i‡q‡Q hv GLbI †Zvgv‡`i
AwaKv‡i Av‡m wb| Dnv †Zv Avj−vni wbKU gIRy`
Av‡Q--| ] i¶Y ev gIRy` _v‡K mieivn Kivi
Rb¨B|]
15. A Bb-- MvBivKzg| [47: gynv¤§`-38] A_©:
‡Zvgiv weg~L n‡j wZwb †Zvgv‡`i cwie‡Z© Ab¨
RvwZ envj K‡ib/Ki‡eb--|
weeZ©‡bi avivq gvbyl ev Rx‡ei GB c„w_ex‡ZB †h cÖ_g
myPbv Zv wbw`©ó K‡i ejv hvq bv| nq‡Zv GgbI nÕ‡Z
cv‡i †h Rxe ¯^xq Kg© †`vl-¸‡Y ¯^xq MÖn aŸsm K‡i MÖnvš—
vixZ nq ev n‡”Q; GUvB nq‡Zv cÖK…wZi wbqg ev Avj−vni

weavb| AvRI †h †mB cybive„wËi j¶Y cÖKU n‡qB †`Lv
w`‡q‡Q| GKw`‡K †hgb MÖn AwaKv‡i Av‡jgMY
[weÁvbxMY] Pig Avkvev`x, Aciw`‡K G c„w_exUv
wbDwK¬qvi †ev‡gi cÖPÛ agwKi m¤§yLxb| †Kviv‡bI Ggb
Bw½Z cvIqv hvq wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Z:
BqvIgv-- Kvn&nvi| [14:Beªvnxg-48] A_©: hLb c„w_ex‡K
Ab¨ c„w_ex w`‡q e`j K‡i ‡`B/†`‡ev, Avi MMb
gÛj‡KI| Avi ZLb mK‡j Avj−vni `iev‡i nvwRi n‡e-|
GLv‡b hw`I wKQyUv AcÖvmw½K ZeyI Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi
AbyKz‡j Av‡jvPbv Kiv cÖ‡qvRb:
GKB my‡Îi Aaxb, GKB ÁvwZ‡Mvwô LÛ LÛ mxgvbvi
gvby‡li †kvK, Zvc, †jvf, AnsKvi I wnsmv wZ‡j wZ‡j
cywÄf‚Z iƒ‡ci AvKvi AvR‡Ki hveZxq †Mvjvevi“` Avi
cigvYy †evgv| hvi IRb enb Ki‡Z c„w_exi †ek Kó
n‡”Q Ges ZviI GKUv ˆa‡h©i †gqv` Av‡Q| †mUv hLb
AwZµg Ki‡e ZLb nq‡Zv †`Lv hv‡e `~i AZx‡Zi gbyl¨
ØvivB we‡õvwiZ Ab¨ MÖ‡n [A_ev GLv‡bB] c„w_exi ¯^í
msL¨K gvby‡li cybt ev‡mvchyMx n‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i, G
c„w_exUv eZ©gvb Puv` ev Ab¨ MÖ‡ni gZB R¡‡j-cy‡o
Sjmv‡bv i“wUi AvKvi aviY K‡i‡Q| Avi ZLbB cÖgvwYZ
n‡e †h, wUwK, ˆcZv, P›`b, µm Avi Uzwc `uvwo‡`i iwPZ
`yÕb¤^ix kwiq‡Zi Pig e¨_©Zv I nv-ûZvm| GB welqwUB
wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Z †Nvlbv K‡i:
‡mvw`b AvKvk gÛjx ¸wU‡q †dje, †hfv‡e ¸Uvb nq
wjwLZ `dZi; †hfv‡e Avwg cÖ_g m„wói myPbv K‡iwQjvg,
†mfv‡e cybivq m„wó Kwi/Kie; cÖwZkÖ“wZ cvjb Avgvi
KZ©e¨, Avwg Bnv K‡iB _vwK| [21: Avw¤^qv-104]
weÁvb my‡Î cigvYy †evgvi Dcv`vb BD‡iwbqvg BZ¨vw`|
Avi AwZ weÁvb ev ag©-`k©Y my‡Î hveZxq Amª,
†Mvjvevi“`, G¨Ug †evgvi m~´vwZ m~² Dcv`vb Ô†jvf,
wnsmv, †gvn-‡µva Avi An¼vi|Õ An¼v‡ii Aci bvgB
kqZvb, we‡`ªvnx, Kzdi, wkiK| [ 2: evKviv-34] hvi hZ
Amª, kw³kvjx Amª Av‡Q †m ZZ eo An¼vix Ges
Z‡ZvwaK KvwiMwi ee©i, Kv‡di, ‡gvk‡iK Z_v Amf¨,

157

AmvgvwRK| hvi g‡a¨ hZUzKz An¼vi Av‡Q †m ZZUzKz
wki‡K Wy‡e Av‡Q| c¶vš—‡i hvewZq aŸbvZ¡K m„wói
cigvYy †cÖg-‡mev|
ÔQvgvÕ A_© A`„k¨, A-e¯‘, Kvj| Kvj Qvov m„wói mewKQyB
GB Kv‡ji cÖK…wZMZ e¨eav‡b I weeZ©‡b Ges ÁvbweÁv‡bi ms‡hvR‡b cÖwZwbqZ weewZ©Z my‡Î `„k¨ I `„k¨Zi
nq ; A_©vr AvØ© [Earth] nq| hv aiv, †Quvqv I iƒcvš—i
`„wó‡Z †`Lv hvq, †Pbv hvq, cÖgvwYZ nq ZvB-B AvØ© ev
e¯‘| AvKvk gnvKv‡ki mKj MÖn b¶Î BZ¨vw` m„ó
mewKQyB AvØ©; GZ`„wó‡Z Avwe®‹…Z cigvYyI AvR ÔAvØ©Õ
bv‡g bZzb ms‡hvM| e¯‘ A_©B ag©vagx© Kv‡ji Aaxb Ges
gvbyl Zvi cÖwZwbwa ev ¸i“|
cybt cybt bex g‡bvbq‡bi †gŠwjK I ¯úó weavb _vKv
m‡Ë¡I cieZ©x bex‡`i ¯^xKvi Kiv †Zv `~‡ii K_v eis
AgvbywlK AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi K‡i‡Q ; †`k †_‡K weZvwoZ
K‡i‡Q| GgbwK cyZ cweÎ Pwi‡Î wg_¨v Kj¼ G‡U cÖKv‡k¨
nZ¨v ch©š— K‡i‡Q| we‡k¦i Ggb †Kvb bexi BwZnvm †bB,
hv‡K RbmvaviY ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e MÖnY K‡i‡Q| GgbwK civ‡_©
wb‡ew`Z,cix¶xZ gvbe Kj¨v‡Y DrmwM©Z mvaK, KwemvwnwZ¨K, `vk©wbK, ˆeÁvwbK Kg-†ewk bex-ivQyj
ch©v‡qi e¨w³Z¡ ; KviY mr cwikªgxMYB m„wói †kªó| [98:
evB‡qbv-7; 42: ïiv-51] Ges G‡`iI AwaKvskB
wbh©vwZZ, wbM„nxZ n‡q‡Q Ges n‡”Q|
Avj−vni Aby‡gvw`Z Bewjm †ek-f‚lv I AvKvi-AvK…wZ‡Z
P‚ovš— ci‡nRMvi †m‡R (mK‡j bq) me©Kv‡ji msL¨v
Mwiô cvw`ª, cwÛZ, cy‡ivwnZ I gvIjvbv‡`i
(Avgiv/Avgv‡`i cÖfy) AYy-cigvYy‡Z Ae¯’vb K‡i mZ¨‡K
wg_¨v †f‡e m‡Z¨i wei“‡× AvgiY msMÖvg K‡i‡Qb|
wg_¨v‡K mZ¨ †f‡e evc-`v`vi cÖPwjZ `jxq iwPZ
kwiqZ‡K AvK‡o i‡q‡Qb| ciewZ© bex-ivQyj‡`i cÖKvk
nIqvi c_B c~e© †_‡K K›UKvKxY© K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| cÖ‡Z¨K
bexi g„Zz¨i c‡iB †NvlYv K‡i‡Q †h, ÒGB †kl bex, Avi
bex Avm‡e bv|Ó ZvB †fvMev`x ivRbxwZK, VvKzi,
cwÛZ,gvIjvbvMY (?) ivQy‡ji ¯^‡NvwlZ mwPe-†m‡µUvix
bvg aviY K‡i bex-ivQyj‡`i c` `Lj K‡i‡Qb!

c¶vš—‡i, giv bex wd‡i Avm‡eb, nvwi‡q hvIqv Bgvg
wd‡i Avm‡eb, Kwji AeZvi Avm‡eb; Bgvg †g‡n`x I
Cmv GKB m‡½ AvKvk †_‡K cwZZ n‡eb, gvwU dz‡i Rš‘
bvwRj n‡eb (`ª: †`Lyb: Ô‡KqvgZÕ) BZ¨vw` åvš— wek¦vm
mgv‡R cÖwZwóv K‡i‡Qb|
ÔBgvg †gnw`Õ A_© m‡Z¨i †bZv, m‡Z¨i mvaK, aviK I
evnK, c_ cÖ`k©K Ges ms¯‹viK| ‡Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq
mv¶x Av‡Q †h, cÖ‡Z¨K bex-ivQyjMYB Bgvg, Bgvg †gnw`
Ges †KnB AvKvk †_‡K eRª-wkjvi gZ acvm K‡i
c‡obwb! (†`Lyb: CQv I Bgvg †gn&`x)
16. A jvKv`-- gyiZve|[40:gygxb-34] A_©: c~‡e©I
†Zvgv‡`i wbKU BDmyd G‡mwQ‡jb ¯úó
wb`k©bmn| wKš‘ wZwb hv wb‡q G‡mwQ‡jb Zv‡Z
†Zvgiv evi evi m‡›`n †cvlY K‡iQ| Ae‡k‡l
wZwb hLb gviv †M‡jb, ZLb(I) †Zvgiv
e‡jwQ‡j, Zvic‡i Avj−vn Avi Kv‡KI ivQyj K‡i
cvVv‡eb bv| mxgv j•NbKvix, m‡›`n
†cvlYKvix‡`i Avj−vn Gfv‡eB weåvš— K‡i
_v‡Kb|
Ô‡kl bex, bex Avi Avm‡eb bvÕ GB cybive„wËkxj åvš—
gZev`wU bex BDmy‡di c~e© †_‡KB †h P‡j Avm‡Q,
AvqvwUB Zvi R¡jš— mv¶x ; nhiZ †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) ‡¶‡ÎI
AvR 14k erm‡ii jvwjZ GB weåvš—Ki gZev‡`i mKj
hyw³-cÖgvb, mKj ZK©-weZK© wPiZ‡i aywj®§vr K‡i †`q
GB AvqvZwU|
G‡nb m‡›`n †cvlYKvix‡`i Ômxgv j•NbKvix I weåvš—Õ
e‡j AvqvZwU‡ZB †NvlYv K‡i‡Q| myZivs Avgv‡`i
Ae¯’vb †Kv_vq Zv w`‡bi gZB ¯úó|
Avj−vn cÖ`Ë evYx I `wjj cÖgvY Qvov hviv K_v e‡j Zv‡`i
m¤^‡Ü †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i:
Ôhviv †Kvb `wjj cªgvY QvovB Avj−vni AvqvZ m¤^‡Ü
weZÛvq wjß nq; Zviv Avj−vn I gygxb‡`i wbKU AZ¨š—
N„YxZ; Gfv‡eB Avj−vn cÖ‡Z¨K D×Z I ˆ¯^ivPvixi ü`q
†gvni [wmj& ] K‡i †`b| †hb eyS‡Z bv cv‡i|Õ [40:gygxb35]

158

wewPÎ GB mgv‡R †KD †kªô WvKvZ, ¸Ûv, wQbZvBKvix
cÖgvb n‡j mgv‡R ‡Zgb cÖwZwµqvi m„wó nq bv; eis
JrmyK¨ ev‡o! c¶vš—‡i †KD bex-ivQyj `vex ev Ggb wKQy
cÖKvk †c‡j,wePvi-we‡ePbvi my‡hvM bv w`‡qB Zr¶bvZ
weiƒc wµqv-cÖwZwµqvi m„wó nq| a‡g©i aviK-evnK‡`i
¯^v‡_© AvNvZ nv‡b ; Zv‡`i Muv‡q †hb Av¸b a‡i hvq|
c¶vš—‡i wek¦ Bgvg, Bgv‡g AvRg, MvDQyj AvRg,
Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï`! gvIjvbv [Avgiv/ Avgv‡`i Avj−vn]
BZ¨vw` bex-ivQyj‡`iI D‡×©i †LZve¸wj mPivPi aviYcÖ`v‡b cyjK Abyfe K‡ib!
g~jZt G‡`iB AYy cigvYy‡Z †h Bewjm fi& K‡i _v‡K ev
wQj Zv AZx‡Zi mKj bexi Avg‡jB cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q|
cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q m‡µwUm, M¨v‡jjxI, gybQyi †nj−vR Avi
nv‡ji Av‡gwiKvi ivmv` Ljxdv cÖgyL‡`i Avg‡j; cÖgvwYZ
n‡q‡Q evsjv‡`k ¯^vaxb n‡q| evsjv†`k ¯^vaxb n‡qB cÖgvY
n‡q‡Q †h, BnvB Avj−vni AwfcÖvq wQj| wKš‘ GLbI Zviv
Avj−vni B”Qv‡K †g‡b wb‡Z cvi‡Qb bv! †`‡ki cÖvq mKj
Av‡jg, Avj−vgvMY Avj−vni GB mZ¨‡K wg_¨v †f‡e m‡Z¨i
wei“‡× Pig we‡ivwaZv K‡i mivmwi Avj−vniB we‡ivwaZv
K‡i j¶ j¶ Avcb ÁvwZ-‡Mvwô‡K †e-B¾wZ K‡i‡Q,
nZ¨v K‡i‡Q|
†`kwU ¯^vaxb KivB †h Avj−vni AwfcÖvq wQj Zv 1952
mv‡j †cªiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK Zvi †cÖiYv evYx‡Z c~e©
cvwK¯’vb m‡½ wb‡qB wZwb g„Zz¨eiY K‡i‡Qb [g„Zz¨: 1969
mv‡j] e‡j Bw½Z w`‡q‡Qb:
wPb‡Qv Kx †Zvgiv Zv‡i ?
†K‡i ! †ZZzj Z‡j !
Avevi eskx evRvq †i !
evRv euvkx †MvKzj wewc‡b!
euvkxi my‡i wPi‡Q f‚eb
c~e© cwðg DËi `w¶Y|
KzsNb `uvZb gvRb Pvc
f‚wi mvR cwicvU|
Avcb cv‡q Kwi fi&
wWw½‡q Pwj avc;

ü‡` cÖf‚i bvg Uzc Uvc|
ÒAveZ©‡bi cwieZ©b iwP
wQU&‡K †d‡j c~Z© cwiZvc
m‡½ Kwi c~e©-cvK|Ó
c~‡e© Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, Avj−vni m‡½ Beªvnx‡gi (mv)
Pzw³: aivq cybt cybt bex AvMg‡bi wPi mywÎZvi Pzw³; †m
Pzw³ AZx‡Zi †Kvb Hkx MÖš’ Z_v †Kviv‡b ewZj K‡iwb!
wK¤^v gnvbexi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 3 kZ ermi c‡i †evLvixMY
(i) ivQy‡ji bv‡g nvw`m iPbv Kivi `vwqZ¡ cÖvßI nbwb!
Avi fwel¨‡Z Avj−vni Pzw³ cÖZ¨vnvi Ki‡eb e‡jI †Kvb
m‡›`‡ni AeKvk †bB; KviY ‡Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i:
17. Aj−vRxbv-- gyd‡jûb| [2:evKviv-4, 5] A_©: Ges
†Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q/n‡”Q I †Zvgvi
c~‡e© hv AeZxY© n‡qwQj Ges ciKv‡j (Av‡LivZ)
hviv wek¦vm K‡i/Ki‡e; ZvivB Zv‡`i cÖf‚i
wb‡`©wkZ c‡_ i‡q‡Q/i‡e Ges ZvivB mdjKvgx|
ÔAvwLivZÕ A_©: ciKvj; c‡ii Kvj; ceewZ© Kvj; A_©vr
fwel¨r Kvj| G gyûZ© †_‡K cieZ©x mxgvnxY KvjB
Av‡LivZ; gyZz¨i c‡iiKvjwUI fwel¨r Kvj|
D³ Avqv‡Z AZxZ , eZ©gvb I fwel¨r ev ciewZ© Kv‡ji
wbw`©ó GKwU wek¦vm (†KZve) m¤^‡Ü †Rvi †`qv n‡q‡Q ;
mnR K_vq c~Y© AvqvZwU wZb Kv‡ji Ô‡KZveÕ welqK
wek¦v‡mi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q e‡jB g‡b nq|
GKB ev‡K¨ `ywbqvex AZxZ †KZve, `ywbqvex eZ©gvb
†KZv‡ei K_v ejvi c‡iB `ywbqvex fwel¨r †KZv‡ei K_v
bv e‡j eis Am¤ú~Y© †i‡L [hw`I ÔciewZ©Õ (AvwLivZ)
kãwU Z_vq i‡q‡Q] gi‡Yi c‡ii wek¦vm hy³ Kiv hyw³nxY;
Zv‡Z fvlv I fvev‡_© AmvgÄm¨Zv aiv c‡o, hv Avj−vni
evbx‡Z wKQy‡ZB m½Z bq| AviI ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi ‡h,
cÖavbZt †Kvb a‡g©B g„Zz¨i c‡ii Kvj, wePvi AvPvi, ¯^M©biK ev cybtRb¥ m¤^‡Ü Awek¦vm †bB; eis AZxZ Kvj
†_‡KB wbwðZ n‡q Av‡Q; myZivs GLv‡b ÔAvwLivZÕ k‡ãi
cÖPwjZ Abyev` h_v_© bq|
ÔAv‡LivZÕ k‡ãi wfbœ Abyev` j¶bxq:
K.
- wg¤^vw`wng Kvb©vb AvLvixbv| (6: AvbAvg-

159

6) A_©:-- Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡LivZ) Aci
gvbe‡Mvôx‡K m„wó K‡iwQ|
L.
- evqv`vnv KvDgvb AvLvixbv| ( 21: Avw¤^qv11) A_©: -- Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡LivZ) m„wó
K‡iwQ Aci RvwZ|
M.
- wg¤^vevw`wng Kvb©vb AvLvixb| (23: gygxbyb31) A_©: --AZtci Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡LivZ)
Ab¨ GK m¤cÖ`vq m„wó K‡iwQjvg|
N.
- dvR¡vÕAvjbv-ûg QvjvdvD AgvQvjvj
wjjAv-wLixb| 43: q~Li“L-56) A_©: AZtci
cieZ©x‡`i (Av‡LivZ) Rb¨ Avwg Zv‡`i‡K
K‡i ivLjvg AZxZ `„óvš—|
O.
- ZvKzby-- AvDqvjxbv A Av‡Lixbv-| (5:
gv‡q`v-114) A_©: Bnv Avgv‡`i c~e©eZ©x
(AvDqvj) I cieZ©x‡`i (Av‡LivZ) Rb¨ n‡e
Avb‡›`vrme-|
GLv‡b gvÎ 5wU D`vniY †`qv †Mj; Abyi“c cÖPzi D`vniY
i‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b; AZGe kãwUi A_© GKgvÎ ÔgyZz¨i c‡ii
Kvj‡K wek¦vm Kivi ‡KvbB my‡hvM †bB|
18. A BR-- dv‡QKzb| [3:Bgivb-81-82] A_©: ¯§iY
Ki! hLb Avj−vn bex‡`i kc_ wb‡jb †h,
†Zvgv‡`i cÖ`Ë¡ †KZve I wnKgZ (Ávb-weÁvb,
Kjv †KŠkj) hv wKQy w`‡qwQ Zvi kc_ Avi
†Zvgv‡`i Kv‡Q hv Av‡Q ZvnviB mg_©K iƒ‡c
hLb(B)
ivQyj Av‡m/Avm‡e, ZLb Aek¨B
†Zvgiv Zvi Dci Cgvb Avb‡e Ges Zv‡K mvnvh¨
mn‡hvMxZv Ki‡e! wZwb ej‡jb, †Zvgiv wK
¯^xKvi Ki‡j? Ges Gm¤^‡Ü Avgvi Aw½Kvi MÖnY
Ki‡j? Zviv ej‡jv, Avgiv ¯^xKvi Kijvg| wZwb
ej‡jb, †Zvgiv mv¶x _vK Ges AvwgI †Zvgv‡`i
mv¶x _vKjvg|
Bnvi ci hviv weg~L n‡e,ZvivB mZ¨ Z¨vMx I
c_åó e‡j MY¨ n‡e|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi e¨vL¨vq kwiq‡Zi KvíwbK wek¦vm †h:
jvI‡n gvndz‡R A_ev ARvbv RvqMvq Avj−vni mfvcwZ‡Z¡

giv mKj bex †W‡K GKwÎZ K‡i †kl bex gyn¤§‡`i [mv]
Dci Cgvb Avbv I Zuv‡K mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv Kivi kc_
Kiv‡bv nq|
AZtci D³ bex‡K giv bexMYmn hviv A¯^xKvi Ki‡e
ZvivB mZ¨ Z¨vMx I c_åó e‡j MY¨ n‡e|
Avng`xqvM‡Yi e¨vL¨vq Zviv e‡jb †h, bex‡`i gva¨‡g
bex‡`i bq eis Rbmvavi‡Yi A½xKvi †bqv n‡q‡Q Ges
Ôbex‡`iÕ ej‡Z H mfvq ¯^qs bex †gvnv¤§`I (mv) Dcw¯’Z
wQ‡jb, Ges ciewZ© bexi Dci Cgvb Avbvi kc_ Kiv‡bv
nq Ges ÔwgR©v †Mvjvg Avn&g` mv‡neB †mB ciewZ© bex|
Wt ivkv` Ljxdvi `k©b †h, ÔbexZ¡ †kl wKš‘ ivQyj †kl
bqÕ Ges wZwb wbR‡KB ivQyj `vex K‡iwQ‡jb|
AvqvZ `yÕwUi cÖ_gwU‡Z Rbmvavi‡Yi †KvbB m¤úK© †bB
eis mivmwi Avj−vn I [cÖ‡Z¨K] bex‡`i Aw½Kvi bvgv
gvÎ| Avj−vn-bexi H kc_ Abyôvb mgvwßi c‡iB 82 bs
Avqv‡Z ciewZ© Rbmvavi‡Yi K_v ¯úó K‡iB ejv n‡q‡Q
†h, ciewZ© bex‡K hviv A¯^xKvi Ki‡e ZvivB c_åó e‡j
MY¨ n‡e|
gyjZt AvqvZwU‡Z Ôbex‡`iÕ ej‡Z cÖ‡Z¨K bexi KvQ
†_‡K [mKj bex‡K] A_©vr bex gvÎB GB Aw½Kvi †bqv
n‡q‡Q †h, Zuv‡K †h mg¯— myÎ-evYx, Ávb, ¸Y I ¶gZv
†`qv n‡q‡Q, ciewZ©‡Z DnviB mg_©K A_©vr Abyiƒc ¸Y
m¤úbœ †Kvb e¨w³ ev e¨w³MY ‡cÖibvcÖvß n‡j (ivQyj n‡j
ev Avm‡j) Zv‡K ‡hb Aek¨B ¯^xKvi K‡i †bqv nq Ges
cÖPvi cÖwZôvq mvnvh¨ mn‡hvMxZv Kiv nq|
cÖavbZt Ggb †jvK bexi f³ ev Abymvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB
ˆZix nIqv ev Kiv mnR I wbZvš— ¯^vfvweK| AZGe GB
¸iZ¡c~Y© welqwU G¶‡Y Gfv‡eI MÖnY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †h,
¯^qs bex ¯^ n‡¯— ˆZix DËivwaKvi wb‡qvM; hv‡Z
c¶cvwZZ¡, mskq, m‡›`n ev `jv`wji my‡hvM bv _v‡K|
Ô†Zvgv‡`i cÖ`Ë †KZve, ‡nKgZ ev Ávb-weÁvb, Kjv
†KŠk‡ji welq Ôkc_ Ki!Õ A_©vr †Zvgv‡K hv †`qv n‡q‡Q
wVK AweKj mZ¨ ¯^Ë¡ †Zvgvi mg_©K/g‡bvbxZ Avi

160

GKRb‡K w`‡q Avm‡e †hb wZj cwigvYI K…cYZv ev
†Mvcb Kiv bv nq; BnvB bex-ivQyj‡`i me©cÖavb
Aw½Kvi| GB Aw½Kvi i¶v‡_© ivQyj‡K mveavb K‡i
†`qv nq:
Bqv AvBqynvivQyjy-- Kv‡dixb| [5:gv‡q`v-67] A_©: †n
ivQyj! †Zvgvi ie& †_‡K †Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZ©xY© n‡q‡Q Zv
†cuŠ‡Q `vI; hw` bv `vI Z‡e †Zv Zzwg e¨_© n‡j ( Aw½Kvi
f½ Ki‡j)--|
bex‡`i cÖavb `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ hv Zuviv cÖvß n‡q‡Qb Zv wVK
wVK †cuŠ‡Q ‡`qv| bex‡`i wK †`qv nq! ‡`qv nq bweb
†cÖiYv (beyqZ-†iQvjZ), ‡KZve,evYx ev myÎ (Awn) Ges
Ávb, ¸Y, ¶gZv (†nKgZ)| Ô‡cuŠ‡Q †`qviÕ A_© wZwb hv-B
cÖvß n‡q‡Qb, aviY K‡i‡Qb wVK ZvB-B †kªYx‡f‡` Ab¨‡K
aviY Kwi‡q †`qv, `vwqZ¡ cÖ`vb Kiv A_©vr `ywbqvq Dchy³
cv‡Î †i‡L hvIqv| †cuŠ‡Q †`qvi g~j ev mnR mij kZ© ev
cÖgvb cÖavbZt BnvB; AZtci wØZxq cÖavb welq n‡jv
mwe©K cÖPvi| ïay evYx †cuŠ‡Q †`qvi †KvbB g~j¨vqY †bB
KviY Avey‡h‡nj‡`i Kv‡QI †cuŠ‡Q †`qv n‡qwQj|
¯^qs bex n‡q AÁvZ Avi GK bexi Dci Cgvb Avbv I
mvnvh¨-mn‡hvMxZv Kivi A_© Avcb bexZ¡ Z¨vM ev we‡jvc
K‡i Ab¨ bexi D¤§Z n‡q ZviB mvnvh¨ mg_©b Kiv! hv
G‡Kev‡iB Aev¯—e Kíbv| ZvQvov giv bexMY Cgvb
Avb‡e, mvnvh¨ Ki‡e; Cgvb bv Avb‡j Avj−vni c~e©
wbe©vwPZ bexMY ÔmZ¨ Z¨vMx,c_ åó A_©vr Kv‡di e‡j MY¨
n‡e!Õ GB A™¢yZ `k©Y wbZvš— weåvwš—Ki| Ô‡cuŠ‡QÕ †`qv ev
mvnvh¨-mn‡hvMxZv Kivi A_©B g„Zz¨i c~‡e© ¯^ ˆZwi,¯^g‡bvbxZ, m‡gvchy³ f³ ev cÖwZwbwai Dci `vwqZ¡ Ac©b
K‡i Rbmgv‡R cÖPvi I cÖwZôv K‡i †`qv| AZtci
ci¤úivq bex-ivQy‡ji g‡bvwbZ DËivwaKvix‡K hviv
gvb‡e Zviv myc_ cv‡e A‡b¨iv weåvš— e‡j MY¨ n‡e|
BnvB wb‡æi 33:AvnRve-8 Avqv‡Z Ôm‡Z¨i mZZvi
mv¶x ev Revew`wnZvÕ e‡jB cÖZxqgvb nq|

Ggb bwRi Beªvwng-BmgvBj-BmnvK I jyZ; Ggivb, g~Qv
I nvi“b; g~Qv I Kw_Z wLwRi cÖf„wZi Dcgv D‡j−L‡hvM¨|
ZvQvov Avqv‡Z ¯úóB ejv n‡q‡Q †h, ÔQy¤§v hvqvK¡yg
ivQyjybÕ A_©: ÔAZrci ‡Zvgv‡`i wbKU †Kvb ivQyj
Avm‡j;Õ GLv‡b ÔivQyjÕ kãwU ÔAv‡jgyb (Ávbx‡jvK),
ivRyjyb (gvbyl), Ajv`yb (evjK) BZ¨vw` k‡ãi gZB
Awbw`©ó we‡kl¨ (GQ&‡g bv‡KivZzb) ; GQ‡g gv‡idvZ ev
wbw`©ó bvg ev wbw`©ó ivQyj eySv‡Z Ô‡gvnv¤§` (mv:) ev ÔAvi
ivQyjÕ kãwU e¨eüZ nqwb; Avi Ô‡kl bexÕi †Kvb AvKvi
Bw½ZI Avqv‡Z †bB| Dwj−wLZ e¨vL¨v-we‡k−l‡Yi mg_©‡b
wbæ AvqvZwU j¶bxq:
19. A GR-- Avjxg| [33:AvnRve-7, 8] A_©: ¯§iY
Ki! hLb Avwg bex‡`i [cÖ‡Z¨K bexi] wbKU †_‡K
AsMxKvi MÖnY K‡iwQjvg Ges †Zvgvi wbKU
†_‡KI Ges b~n, Beªvwng, g~mv, gwiq‡gi cyÎ CQv,
Zv‡`i wbKU †_‡KI MÖnY K‡iwQjvg `„X AsMxKvi|
mZ¨ev`xw`M‡K Zv‡`i mZZv m¤^‡Ü Revew`wn
Kivi Rb¨|
Dc‡i 3:81 bs Avqv‡Z ewY©Z kwiq‡Zi aviYv¸wj †h
KíbvB gvÎ Zv D³ Avqv‡Z AviI wbwðr K‡i‡Q|
Avngw`qv‡`i `k©YwUi AvswkK mZ¨ ‡h, ¯^qs †gvnv¤§`‡KI
(mv) [†Zvgvi wbKU †_‡KI] kc_ Kiv‡bv nq| wKš‘
mw¤§jxZ †RZv-giv bex‡`i kc_ mfvi Kíbv,
†gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) Dci mKj bex‡`i Cgvb Avbv, †kl bex
gZev` A_ev wgR©v †Mvjvg Avng`‡K bex g‡bvbqb
BZ¨vw` ‡Kvb Avqv‡ZB mg_©b K‡i bv|
ivQy‡ji Awn cÖvwß †_‡KB wZwb w`b-ivZ cÖwZ g~ûZ© ch©š—
cÖPvi Kv‡R e¨ß wQ‡jb| Zvic‡iI 5gv‡q`v-:67 bsmn
D³ KwVY mveavb evYx †Kb! KviY ïay evYxB bq Avqv‡Z
ejv n‡q‡Q †h, Ôhv-B wKQy †`qv n‡q‡QÕ A_©vr byeyqZ,
†nKgZ meB †cuŠ‡Q w`‡Z n‡e| myZivs ïay wKZve †cuv‡Q
w`‡jB Aw½Kvi c~Y© nIqvi bq| ZvQvov `ywbqvi mKj

161

gvbyl GgbwK mKj †`‡kI evYx †cuŠ‡Q †`qv †Kvb bexi
c‡¶B m¤¢e wQj bv Ges m¤¢e nqwb| †gvnv¤§`I (mv)
K‡qKwU Av‡m-cv‡ki †`k Qvov Avj−vni evYx †cuŠQv‡Z
cv‡ib wb| G‡nb †cuŠQv‡bvÕi cÖ‡kœ kwiqZ ¯^qs ivQyj‡KI
Zvi `vwqZ¡-KZ©e¨ I wek¦RwbbZvi †¶‡Î ¸i“Zi cÖ‡kœi
m¤§yLxb K‡i †d‡j‡Q|
‡KZve I †nKgZ †Kvb wKQyB †Mvcb Kivi AwaKvi
bex‡`i †bB:
A gv Kvbv-- jv BDRjvgyb| [3: Ggivb-161]
A_©:Ab¨vqfv‡e †Kvb wKQy †Mvcb Ki‡e, Bnv bexi c‡¶
Am¤¢e| Ges †Kn Ab¨vqfv‡e wKQy †Mvcb Ki‡j, hv †m
†Mvcb Ki‡e DÌv‡Yi w`b †m DnvB wb‡q Avm‡e| AZtci
cÖ‡Z¨K‡K hv †m AR©b K‡i‡Q Zv c~Y© gvÎvq †`qv n‡e|
Zv‡`i cÖwZ †Kvb Ryjyg Kiv n‡e bv|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, AvqvZwUi kv‡b bRy‡j kwiqZ e‡j, ÔGK
Qvnvev KZ…©K ivQyj‡K (mv) Pv`i †Mvcb ev Pzixi wg_¨vcev`
Ges Zv LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ AvqvZwU bvwRj nq | [myÎ: Avj‡Kvivbyj Kixg, BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb; evsjv‡`k; dzU‡bvU
bs-242]| gnv bexi wei“‡× nvw`mwU kwiq‡Zi `ytmvnwmK
I ¶gvi A‡hvM¨ a„ôZv e‡jB g‡b nq|
mKj bexMYB Avj−vni Kv‡Q Ô‡cuŠ‡Q †`qviÕ KwVY
Aw½Kv‡i `vqe×| Z‡e G K_v mZ¨ †h, bexMY GB
Aw½Kvi c~Y© Ki‡jI RbmvaviY e¨w³ I `‡ji wnsmv I
†jv‡fi Kvi‡Y Zv i¶v Ki‡Z m¶g nbwb e‡jB bex‡`i
D¤§ZMY AwZ mvgvb¨ mgq e¨wZ‡i‡K mK‡jB Z¡wor weåvš—
, c_ åó n‡q‡Q|
GKgvÎ gvbe Kj¨v‡Y DrmMx©Z bex‡`i Rxeb-giY, a¨vbZcm¨v I `k©bvw` cÖPvi-cÖwZôv Kivi c‡i, ciewZ©‡Z Zv
i¶‡Yi e¨e¯’v bv K‡iB Zviv P‡j hv‡eb, Zv GgbwK
mvaviY gvby‡liI hyw³‡Z Avm‡Z cv‡i bv Ges Bnv
cÖvK…wZK, mvgvwRK ev weÁvb wfwËKI bq|
bex‡`i Dci Awc©Z wewfbœ `vwqZ¡ I kZ©vw`i g‡a¨ Dwj−wLZ
kZ©wU me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ges †kªô `vwqZ¡; mgMÖ †Kviv‡b
ewY©Z Gi †P‡q eo I KwVb `vwqZ¡ I kc_ bex‡`i Avi
GKwUI †bB| †m Kvi‡YB `~i AZx‡Zi BwZnv‡m bexi

GKvš— Nwbó‡`i [c~Y©f³] ga¨ †_‡KB ciewZ© bexi
AvMgb/g‡bvbqb we‡klfv‡e cwijw¶Z nq; Gi ¯^-c‡¶
†Kviv‡bi myKwVb cÖgvY j¶bxq:
Beªvnx‡gi (mv) DËivaxKvix BmgvBj I BmvnvK (mv) ;
Beªvnx‡gi bvwZ BqvKze (mv); GgbwK Zvi fv‡Mœ jyZ (mv);
Zviv GKB Kv‡ji ci¤úivq GKB mgv‡Ri Pvi/cuvP Rb
bex wQ‡jb| myjvqgvb (mv) Zuvi wcZv `vD‡`I (mv)
DËivwaKvix wQ‡jb| n gyQvi (mv) DËivwaKvix wQ‡jb nviƒb
(mv), DfqB GKB Kvj I mgv‡Ri `yB bex| Kw_Z nq
gyQvi (mv) k¦ïi GgivbI (mv) bex wQ‡jb| wewe gwiq‡gi
evev CQvi (mv) bvbv Ggivb (mv); BqvKze (mv) bexi
DËivwaKvix wQ‡jb Zvi Ab¨Zg †Q‡j BDmyd (mv) cÖf„wZ|
A_©vr msL¨v Mwiô bex-ivQyjMY Rxeb mvqv‡ý Zv‡`i
DËivwaKvix wbhy³ K‡i wM‡q‡Qb|
wbtmš—vb bex RvKvixqv e„×ve¯’vq DËivwaKvixi Afv‡e
nZvm n‡q Avj−vni Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv K‡ib †h, †K Zvi `k©‡Yi
i¶K n‡e Ges †mB cÖv_©bv Abyhvqx RvKvixqvi eÜv, e„×v
¯¿xi M‡f© Rb¥ nq DËivwaKvix BqvnBqvi (mv)|
ABb †LdZzg-- ivw`qvb--Qvwgqvb| [19:gwiqg-5-7]
A_©: Avwg AvksKv Kwi Avgvi ci Avgvi ¯^‡MvÎxqw`‡Mi
m¤ú‡K©; Avgvi ¯¿x eÜv; myZivs Zzwg †Zvgvi wbKU †_‡K
Avgv‡K `vb Ki DËivwaKvix; †h Avgvi DËivw`KvwiZ¡
Ki‡e Ges DËivwaKvwiZ¡ Ki‡e BqvKz‡ei es‡ki Ges †n
Avgvi cÖwZcvjK! Zv‡K KwiI m‡š—vmfvRb| wZwb
ej‡jb,Ô †n RvKvwiqv ! Avwg †Zvgv‡K GK cy‡Îi mymsev`
w`w”Q, Zvi bvg n‡e BqvnBqv--|
eZ©gvb we‡k¦i kvwnev`,kvZš¿, mgvRZš¿, cÖRvZš¿, MYZš¿,
Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K¨ev` BZ¨vw` †h‡Kvb ev` ejv †nvK bv †Kb!
cÖavbZt Dnv GKK ev‡`iB eûg~Lx weK…Z I wew¶ß iƒc
gvÎ| mKj Z‡š¿i GgbwK cwievi, mgvR, AwdmAv`vjZ, msm` gvwjK-g¨v‡bRi ev GKRb cwZ _vK‡ZB
nq Ges Zv mKj ev` KZ©„K ¯^xK…Z I mgv`„Z; GgbwK cï
cw¶i g‡a¨I Ggb bwRi kvkZ¡|
we‡k¦i hvewZq Avwe¯‹vi, BR‡gi g~j cÖeZ©K, ms¯‹viK
GKK fMev‡bi GKK e¨w³ ev e¨w³Z¡| H GKK e¨w³i

162

Avwe¯‹…Z gZev` i¶‡Yi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© fywgKv cvjY K‡i msL¨v
Mwiô mg_©b, hvi bvg MYZš¿| mgvRZš¿, MYZš¿ ev ag©
Z‡š¿i †kªóZg cÖavb gš¿ †fv‡Mi †¶‡Î †cU I wc‡Vi
mgvwaKvi; wKš‘ gv_vi ev †bZ…‡Z¡i mgvwaKvi bq! ‡bZv mr
n‡j ev msL¨v Mwiô RbmvaviY m‡PZb I mr n‡j wew¶ß
gZ& I ev`¸wj cÖjvc e‡j MY¨ n‡e! A_ev †h †Kvb Zš¿
djcÖmy n‡e; A_©vr mrZš¿, kvwš—ev` ev gvbeZvev‡`i Kv‡Q
hvewZq mKj Zš¿ AvZ¥ûwZ †`q|
Z‡e i‡³i m¤úK© Ávb ev †Ljvd‡Zi g~j I cÖavb gvb`Û
bq e‡U! wKš‘ Bnv A‡bK ‡¶‡ÎB ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f‚wgKv cvjY
K‡i, hLb Ôf³Õ I Ôi³Õ `yÕ‡Uv GKB m‡½ hy³ nq| †hgb:
ÁvbvR©‡b mvaviY wk¶v cÖavb kZ© bq e‡U wKš‘ AwaKvsk
†¶‡ÎB ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f~wgKv cvjb K‡i hw` Zv gvÎ wk¶vi
k„sL‡j e›`x n‡q bv _v‡K| Ávb, ¸Y I †hvM¨Zvi
DËivwaKv‡ii m‡½ i‡³i DËivwaKvi hy³ n‡j †mUv
m‡e©v”P †hvM¨Zv wnmv‡e wZwbB nb P‚ovš— DËivwaKvix|
gnvbexI Dwj−wLZ kZ© g‡Z Nwbó‡`i ga¨ †_‡K gvÎ
K‡qKRb‡K H c‡`i Rb¨ wbR nv‡Z Dchy³ K‡i M‡o
Zz‡jwQ‡jb Ges ZvivI Zv m~¶¥ Áv‡b AeMZ wQ‡jb| Ges
Kw_Z nq †h, we`vq n‡¾i ci gw`bv wdiwZ c‡_ ÔMvw`‡i
LygÕ bvgK gi“`¨v‡b j¶ Qvnvevi Dcw¯’wZ‡Z H
K‡qKR‡bi ga¨ †_‡K P‚ovš—fv‡e Avjx‡KB ciewZ©
DËivwaKvix †NvlYv w`‡qwQ‡jb hv kxqv‡`i BwZnv‡m gvBj
djK n‡q Av‡Q| mgMÖ nvw`m I BwZnv‡m j¶ Qvnvevi
cÖKvk¨ mv¶x msewjZ nvw`m GB GKwUB gvÎ; wØZxqwU wQj
Zvui Idv‡Zi NUbv; wKš‘ GB `yÕwU nvw`m wb‡qI gZwe‡iva
I weZ‡K©i †kl †bB| ZvB Avgv‡`i mybœxMY †m BwZnvm
j¶ Qvnvev mgw_©Z nvw`m wnsmvi Kvi‡Y ¸i“Z¡B †`b bv|
AviI Kw_Z nq †h, GgbwK bexi Rxeb mvqv‡ý Avjx‡KB
cÖ_g Ljxdv wnmv‡e wjwLZ g‡bvbqb w`‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb
wKš‘ Ig‡ii `„p cÖwZev‡`i Rb¨ 99 kZvsk mdj bexi
†kl Rxe‡b wKQyUv †kvK,Zvc, `ytL I AkÖ“ wm³ †Pv‡L †kl
wbtk¦vm Z¨vM Ki‡Z n‡qwQj| G Qvov Avi †Kvb c_I
†Lvjv wQj bv ; KviY Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi KwVb kZ©
Abymv‡i H GKvwaK e¨w³‡`i‡K Ávb, ¸Y w`‡qB wZwb

ˆZix K‡i †i‡LwQ‡jb e‡jB ¯^ B”Qvi wei“‡× Ig‡ii
cÖwZev` D‡c¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| D`vniYwU Avj−vn
Av`g-AvRvwR‡ji NUbvi m‡½I wKQyUv Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z
cv‡i| A_©vr AvRvwR‡ji `vexwU hyw³i Dc‡i Avj−vn
AMÖvn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i wb|
AviI mnR D`vniY: evevi 4 cy‡Îi g‡a¨ †h‡Kvb
GKRb‡K DËivwaKvi g‡bvbxZ Ki‡j Aewkó‡`i ev`cÖwZev` evevi gbtcyZ bv n‡jI Lye mn‡RB ev mKj
†¶‡ÎB evev D‡c¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv, KviY evev msNvZ
Gwo‡q mK‡jiB g½j Kvgbv K‡ib| cÖKvk _v‡K †h,
G‡nb ¯úl©KvZi mv¤¢ve¨ msNvZ gxgvskvi myÎ 3;81 bs
Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y wkqvMY cwiev‡ii e‡qv‡Rvô‡KB
†bZ…‡Z¡i cÖvavb¨ w`‡q _v‡Kb; Avi GB GKB hyw³‡ZB
e‡qv‡Rvô †gvm‡jg Avjxi †LjvdZxi wØZxq cÖavb hyw³
DÌvcb K‡ib|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi kZ© I ciewZ© NUbv Abyhvqx kxqvMY
c~e©ewZ© 3 Ljxdv‡K A¯^xKvi K‡ib [hw`I Zviv Ljxdv
wQ‡jb; hw`I Awbevh© Kvi‡YI evc‡K A¯^xKvi Kiv hvq
bv] Ges Avjx †_‡KB DËivwaKvix BgvwgqvZ Z‡š¿ wek¦vmx
n‡q Avm‡Qb [hw`I Avjx Awbevh© Kvi‡Y Z…Zxq ev‡iI
†LjvdZ cÖvß n‡qwQ‡jb bv]| wKš‘ Zv‡`i ciewZ©
BgvgwZi wQjwQjv Ávb, ¸‡Yi DËivwaKvixi Dci AwaK
¸i“Z¡ bv w`‡q eis GKgvÎ i‡³i DËivwaKvixi DciB
me©vwaK ¸i“Z¡ w`‡q‡Qb e‡jB Zv‡`i BgvwgqvZI weZwK©Z
nq Ges †kl ch©š— e¨_©Zvq ch©emwZ nq; eû Uvbv-†nPovq
6-7-8 I 12 Bgvg ch©š— `j-Dc`‡j wef³ n‡q
ÔBgvwgqvZÕGi hewbKv cvZ& nq| eû eQi c‡i Bgvg
†Lv‡gbx cybivq Zv ejer K‡ib, wKš‘ ZvÕI weZwK©Z|
ZeyI mybœx‡`i †P‡q Zviv fv‡jvB Av‡Qb †h‡nZz Zv‡`i
`j-Dc`‡ji g‡a¨ †Zgb †Kvb D‡j−L‡hvM¨ SMov-weev`,
LybvLybx †bB|
Z‡e Zv‡`i GKUz mij I wbi‡c¶fv‡e wPš—v Kiv DwPr †h,
AvR Avgv‡`i †_‡K Avjx hZ`~‡i AveyeKi, ImgvbI [iv]
ZZ `~‡i; ZvB Zv‡`i ¯^xKvi Kiv bv Kiv DfqB mgvb|
wKš‘ bexi MVbZš¿ GKKfv‡eB mKj bvwZ-cywZi wbK‡UB

163

Ges eZ©gvb| AZGe `~i AZx‡Zi evc-`v`v‡`i welq
wemsev` gš’b K‡i Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ Amn‡hvM, wnsmv,
LybvLybx esk ci¤úivq wRB‡q ivLv mvgwMÖK I mg~n¶wZ
Qvov Kj¨vY wKQy nq wb, n‡eI bv Ges Zv cÖK…Z avg©x‡Ki
cwiPqI bq| AviI we‡ePbv Kiv DwPr †h Avjx‡K Avgiv
hZB Dchy³ Ges †hfv‡eB g~j¨vqY Kwi bv †Kb †kl ch©š—
†LjvdZx †c‡qI c~e©eZx© Ljxdv‡`i gZB eis Z`‡c¶v
AwaK e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ †h Kvi‡YB †nvK nviv‡bv HwZn¨
cybt wdwi‡q Avb‡Z cv‡ib wb| Z‡e GK_vI wVK †h Avjx
†_‡K †LjvdZ ïi“ n‡j Bmjv‡gi BwZnvm Ab¨ iK‡gi
†jLv n‡Zv e‡U! wKš‘ †m wPš—v K‡i ïayB wnsmv Avi gvZg
Avi gvZ‡gAvjxi j¶¨ I D‡Ïk¨ ev¯—evqY Kiv m¤¢e bq,
m¤¢eci nq wb, n‡eI bv|
c¶vš—‡i myybœxMY Ávb-¸‡Yi DËivwaKvixi †gŠwLK gvÎ
†`vnvB w`‡q, GKgvÎ wnsmvi Kvi‡Y bexi i‡³i
DËivwaKvi mg~‡j AMÖvn¨ K‡ib; GgbwK cÖKv‡k¨AcÖKv‡k¨ bex esk mg~‡j wbcvZ& K‡i eis kw³i c_ I gZ&
‡e‡Q †bb, AZtci Avcb i‡³i DËivwaKvi envj K‡ib;
hvi d‡j gyqvweqv, GwR`, gviIqvb web nvKvg,Avj
gyZvIqvK¡xj,Avj-gybQyi cÖgyLMY Ljxdv nIqvi my‡hvM
cvb; H Lwjdv bv‡g ev`kvMY GgbwK gnvbexi bKj Rvgv
Mv‡q w`‡qI DËivwaKvi cÖgv‡b a„óZv †`Lv‡Zb; Zviv
Ggbfv‡e wkKo †M‡o‡Qb hv AvR 14 kZ ermi hver
envj Zweq‡Z GKgvÎ kw³ I i‡³i DËivwaKvi my‡Î
†fvM-wejvm K‡i Avm‡Qb| Z‡e mybœx‡`i cxi-¸i“ev`xMY
Kg-‡ewk AvRI H `k©b AbymiY Ki‡Qb e‡U! wKš‘
kwiq‡Zi KwíZ AivQvZzj Avw¤^qv I bv‡q‡e bex A_©vr
bex‡`i DËivwaKvix I bexi †m‡µUvix‡`i gZB †`‡ki
Avbv‡P Kvbv‡P ag© e¨emv we¯—vi jvf K‡i‡Q| GgbwK cxi
evevi mg~n †Q‡j-mš—vbMYB GK‡hv‡M ‡LjvdZx †c‡q
cxi †LZv‡e fywlZ n‡”Qb! A_©vr kwiqZ K‡i gmwR`
e¨emv! gv‡idvZ K‡i gvRvi e¨emv! c¶vš—‡i ayi›`i,
cÖZviK ivRbxwZKMY K‡ib MYZ‡š¿i bv‡g RvZxq Av`g
e¨emv!
mK‡jiB cybt ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi Ges m‡PZb _vKv `iKvi

†h, Bewjm hLb e‡jwQj, ÔAvwg gvby‡li AYy-cigvYy‡Z
Ae¯’vb K‡i weåvš— Ki‡ev|Õ [iƒcK] AZtci Avj−vn Zvi
`vexi we‡ivwaZv bv K‡i eis Zvi K‡g©i AwR©Z ¶gZvi
¯^xK…wZ w`‡q e‡jb, ÒAvi wbðqB Avwg Zv‡`i‡K w`‡q
Rvnvbœvg c~Y© Ki‡ev|Ó
Bewjm KLb, wKfv‡e, wK Ae¯’vq Rx‡ei AYy-cigvYy‡Z
Ae¯’vb K‡i c_ åó K‡i †d‡j, †m †PZbv I Abyf‚wZ
wb®úvc wb®‹jyl ‡e‡n¯— wbevmx cyZ cweÎ Av`g nvIqviI
¶gZvi evB‡i wQj| Avj−vn, kqZvb-†d‡i¯—v, Rxebg„Zz¨i gZB GKK †K‡›`ª Ae¯’vb, gvby‡li ü`‡qi g‡a¨B
myi-Amyi ; cv_©K¨ K‡i GKwbó mvabvjã [QvjvZ]
†cÖiYv, ZË¡Ávb I †PZbv kw³| AZGe, cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki AvÍmgv‡jvPbv, AvÍ we‡k−lY I AvÍ-m‡PZb _vKv gyû‡Z©i
Rb¨I Acwinvh©|
ag© cvjY I aviY wbw`©ó †Kvb e¨w³ ev `‡ji Rb¨ bq eis
GwU wbZvš— wb‡Ri ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨| wKš‘ Avw`Kvj †_‡KB
mvaviY gvbyl e¨w³ I `j KZ©„K me©`vB cÖfvweZ n‡q evKweZÛv I LybvLybx K‡i Avi Zv‡Z e¨w³ I `‡ji ¯^v_© D×vi
nq gvÎ, mvaviY gvbyl nq cwjwQ I cwiw¯’wZi wkKvi,
fv‡M¨ nq ïb¨, BnKv‡jI ciKv‡jI|
20. bex-ivQyj cybt AvMg‡bi wei“‡× kwiq‡Zi †Nvi
AvcwË _vK‡jI we‡k¦i mKj †gvm‡jgB ˆ`wbK
cuvP evi bvgv‡R bex-ivQyj nIqvi Rb¨ Av‡e`bwb‡e`b K‡i _v‡Kb e‡U!
Bnw`bvw”Qiv-Z¡vj gy¯—vK¡xg; wQivZ¡vj−vRxbv Avb AvgZv
AvjvBwng| [1:dv‡Znv-5,6] Abyev`:
b¨vq c‡_ PvjvBI †gv‡`‡i
P‚ovš— Zwor c×wZ‡Z
h_vh_ c‡_ Zv‡`i
cyi¯‹vi weZwoQ
Dc‡i hv‡`i|
[Abyev` †cÖ: cÖv: gwReyj nK]

cÖavbZt Avj−vni cyi¯‹vi cÖvßMY †h bex-ivQyjMY; Zv‡Z
Kv‡iv wØ-gZ †bB; Avi †m b¨vq c‡_i P‚ovš— ev ‡kl
mxgvI bex-ivQyj ch©š— Zv‡ZI Kv‡iv wØ-g‡Zi AeKvk

164

†bB| wKš‘ †Kvb bvgvRxB 25, 50, wK¤^v 90-99% kZvsk
ch©š— H c‡_ P‡j nVvr _g‡K `uvov‡eb, AZtci Avi
AMÖmi n‡eb bv ev n‡jB cvc n‡e; Ggb †Kvb A½xKvi
bvgv‡R †KD K‡i _v‡Kb bv!
21. bex-ivQyjMY m„wói †kªô; Zv‡Z Kv‡iv wØ-gZ
†bB; AZtci wek¦¯’ mr cwikªgxMYI †h m„wói
†kªô; Zv‡ZI Kv‡iv wØgZ _vKvi my‡hvM †bB|
KviY: f³ I mr cwikªgxMYB m„wói †kªô|
[98:evBGbv-6]
AZGe Ges G¶‡Y Ô†kl bex, bex Avi Avm‡e bvÕ BZ¨vw`
m¤^wÜq †Qnv‡QËvi Qwnn& (?) nvw`m¸wj Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi
Av‡jv‡K GKRb ivQyj ev bexi m‡½ m„wói †kªó e¨w³wUi
cv_©K¨ ‡Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K G¶zwY wbi“cb Kiv DwPr!
cÖK…Z ÁvbxMY Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU †`‡L nZevK n‡eb e‡U!
kwiq‡Zi `„wó‡Z m„wói †kªô GKgvÎ gyn¤§` [mv] ; c¶vš—‡i
¯^qs ‡mB gynv¤§‡`i (mv) gy‡LB †Kviv‡b Avj−vni nvw`mwU
†gvmjgvbMY kZ-j¶ evi †`‡LI ‡`L‡Z Pvb bv! eis
B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq AeÁv, A¯^xKvi Ki‡Qb! GKgvÎ
†evLvix‡`i (i) Dci Bgvb Avbvi Kvi‡Y|
msL¨v Mwiô †gvmjgvbMY hLb GB cÖZviYv eyS‡Z cvi‡eb
‡h, wkqv Dc`j †_‡K AvMZ Pvi Bgvg I Bivb †_‡K
AvMZ Qq BgvbMY gnvbexi bvg fvw½‡q nvw`m iPbv K‡i
†Kvivb‡K mg~‡j wM‡j †d‡j‡Q Ges †gvm‡jg RvwZ‡K
UzKiv UzKiv K‡i †d‡j‡Qb! Ghver Kvj Zviv †evLvix‡`i
(i) D¤§Z n‡qB wQ‡jb ev Av‡Qb ZLb †_‡KB †KvivwbK
Bmjv‡gi myPYv n‡e|
AZGe †klev‡ii gZ cvVK‡`i cybt ¯§iY Kiv DwPr †h,
Avj−vn †NvlYv K‡ib †h, †h †KD wbijm mvabv K‡i
Zv‡KB wZwb byeyqvwZ `vb K‡ib/Ki‡eb; wZwb mvavi‡Yi
ga¨ †_‡K Kg©¸Y m¤úbœavix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K hLb hv‡K B”Qv
Zv‡KB byeyqvwZ `vb K‡ib/ Ki‡eb|
g~jZt mswk−ó nvw`m¸wj †h Qwnn& bq eis a‡g©i cÖavb
†kªóZg wf‡Zi Dci K‡Vvi c`vNvZ! Ges Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji
bv‡g ¶gvi A‡hvM¨ RvwjqvZx wK bv! Zv bZzb K‡i †f‡e
†`Lvi hyM mgvmbœ|

GZKvj †Kb bex Av‡mb wb A_ev AvmwQ‡jb wKbv! Gi
DËi ¯^qs bex G‡mB cÖ`vb Ki‡eb ; Z‡e wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZwUi
g‡a¨ wKQyUv n‡jI DËi Lyu‡R cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i| AviI cvIqv
hv‡e ZviI wb‡æ:
Avwg †Zvgvi c~‡e© AmsL¨ ivQyj †cÖiY K‡iwQ| hv‡`i
Kv‡iv Kv‡iv K_v †Zvgvi wbKU wee„Z K‡iwQ Ges Kv‡iv Kv‡iv
K_v †Zvgvi wbKU wee„Z Kwiwb| Avj−vni AbygwZ e¨ZxZ †Kvb
Awn [AvqvZ] cÖKvk Kiv †Kvb bexi KvR b‡n| Avj−vni Av‡`k
n‡jB cÖKvk K‡ib--| [40:gywgb-78]
c~‡e©i AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj‡`i bvg cwiPq cÖKvk Kiv nq wb
e‡jB Av`gc~e© BwZnv‡mi gZB Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q AvRI ARvbv
i‡q‡Q| g~Qvi (mv) c‡iI 1/2 bq eis µgvMZ bex-ivQyj
Avm‡Qb| (`ª: ÔAmsL¨ bex-ivQyj‡`i nw`m †Kv_vqÕ A_¨vq)
gvby‡li fvev DwPr †h, cÖK…wZi †Kvb wKQyB eÜ nq wb, nq
bv| Avj−vn GLbI gvby‡li K_v †kv‡b, †`‡L, ingZ el©Y
K‡i, fv‡½-M‡o| wKš‘ gvÎ GKwU welq: c~‡e© K_v ej‡Zv
wKš‘ Ô†gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) c‡i Avi K_v ej‡eb bvÕ Ggb wek¦vm
P‚ovš— ee©iZv gvÎ! hyw³B ev wK! hyw³ n‡jv: †Kvivb c~Y© K‡i
†`qv n‡q‡Q| ÔAvR †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i Øxb c~Y©vsM
Kijvg| †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Avgvi AbyMÖn c~Y© Kijvg Ges
Bmjvg‡K Øxb wnmv‡e g‡bvbxZ Kijvg|Õ BZ¨vw`|
AvqvZwU‡Z kvwš—ev`‡K [Bmjvg‡K] ¯’vqx `xb wnmv‡e
g‡bvwbZ Kiv n‡q‡Q †mB-B gnv‡`e-Av`g, eª¤§v-Beªvnx‡gi
Avgj †_‡KB| myZivs AvqvZwU‡Z bex-ivQyj Avmv bv Avmvi
†Kvb AvjvgZ †bB|
ïay †KvivbB bq, AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖš’B Bmjvg ev
kvwš—ev`, mKj mgv‡Ri Rb¨ c~Y© n‡qB Avm‡Q; c~Y© †KZve
wem„Z n‡q weeZ©‡bi avivq c~Y© n‡qB cybt cybt Av‡mhvq; †Kvivb †`Lyb:
22.K. A jvKv`-- BD‡gbyb| [7:Avivd-52] A_©: Aek¨
Zv‡`i Ggb GKLvbv †KZve w`‡qwQjvg hv c~Y© Ávb
I wek` e¨vL¨vmn Ges hv wQj †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨
c_-wb‡`©k I `qv [ingZ] ¯^iƒc|
L. Qy¤§v-- BD‡gbyb| [6:AvbAvg-154]A_©: Ges
gyQv‡K w`‡qwQjvg wKZve mrKg©civqY‡`i Rb¨; hv

165

23.

mg¯— wel‡qi wek` e¨vL¨v (c~Y©) c_-wb‡`©k Ges
`qv ¯^iƒc [A_©vr gyQvI we‡k¦i Rb¨ ingZ;
[ingvZzwj−j Avjvgxb] hv‡Z Zviv Zv‡`i
cÖwZcvj‡Ki mv¶vr m¤^‡Ü wek¦vm K‡i|
KLbI Ac~Y© ev Aa© bex, Ac~Y© MÖš’ †`qv n‡q‡Q e‡j
†Kviv‡b mv¶¨-cÖgvY †bB| ‡jLv Av‡Q †h, ÔZv‡`i
†KZv‡ei Ask †`qv n‡qwQj|Õ wKš‘ Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ؇qi
Abymi‡Y ‡KZv‡ei As‡ki cwie‡Z© ÔGKLÛ, †KZve LÛ,
GKLvwb ev †KZveLvwb †`qv n‡qwQjÕ Abyev` Ki‡j H
m‡›`nwU †jvc †c‡q †h‡Zv, †gvm‡jg mgvR weåvš— †_‡K
gy³ _vK‡Z cviZ; †e`, kÖ“wZ,MxZv; ZIivZ, hveyi, BwÄj,
MÖš’mv‡ne BZ¨vw` GKLvwb †KZve, †KZveLvwb, wKZvewU
ev wKZve LÛ: Ac~Y© ev AvswkK e‡j †Kvb MÖ‡š’B D‡j−L
†bB| Z`ª“c †KvivbI ÔGKLÛ ‡KZve,Õ Ô†KZveLvwbÕ
BZ¨vw`i ¯^-c‡¶ kxNÖB wb‡æ R¡jš— cÖgvY cvIqv hv‡e|
m‡›`n _vK‡jI †Kvivb c~Y©, m‡›`n bv _vK‡jI †Kvivb
AZx‡Zi gZB cwic~Y©; wKš‘ Zv‡Z Avgvi ev mgv‡Ri wK
hvq-Av‡m! hZ¶Y ch©š— Avwg ev mgvR Áv‡b c~Y© bv nB!
jvI‡n gvndz‡Ri †KvivbI c~Y© n‡qB Av‡Q, Avj−vn, m„wó,
AvKvk, evZvm c~Y© BZ¨vw` cªkœ Aevš—i! c~Y© †KvivbB †h
†KZv‡ei Ask, AvswkK ev GKLÛ †KZve Zv ¯^qs †Kvivb
wb‡RB P¨v‡jÄ w`‡q †NvlYv K‡i (`ª: 31:†jvKgvb-27;
18:Kvnd-109)|
AZGe 114wU Qyivq, 6,236wU Avqv‡Z Avj−vni evbx †kl
n‡q †Mj, c~Y© n‡q †Mj, Avj−vi Avi †Kvb evbx †bB, evbx
Avm‡e bv, `iKvi †bB BZ¨vw` †Kviv‡bi wei“‡× ¯^†NvwlZ gš—e¨¸wj Ávbx‡`i cybivq M‡elYv Kiv Ri“ix|
G¶‡Y K¬vwš— †eva Ki‡jI ¶vš— nIqv wVK bq; KviY
welqwU gvbe Z_v gymwjg we‡k¦i †kªóZg ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq|
¯§iYxq †h, lvU eQi c~‡e©i G›UªvÝ, cqwÎk ermi c~‡e©i
g¨vwUªK Avi AvR‡Ki Gm. Gm. wm. Ges Zrmn
mve‡RKwUf-Ae‡RKwUf wm‡jev‡mi †Kvb&wU c~Y© Avi
†Kvb&wU Ac~Y© Av‡Q ev wQj! Avi †Kvb& †`‡ki wm‡jevmwU
eZ©gv‡b Ac~Y© Av‡Q! Avi fwel¨‡Z †Kvb †`‡ki
wm‡jevmwU c~Y© nIqvi A‡c¶vq Av‡Q!

c~Y© †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wePvi AvPvi n‡j gvbyl †Zv `~‡ii
K_v GKwU RxeI †invB cv‡e bv (35:dvwZi-45)! myZivs
c~Y© Ac~Y© †Kviv‡bi g~j¨vqY wK! ¯^v_©KZvB ev wK! †KZv‡ei
c„ôvi ci c„ôv Ly‡j wePvi n‡e bv; wePvi n‡e Ges
AbeiZB n‡”Q ¯^-¯^ cªvß we‡eK-Áv‡bi my I Kz K‡g©i
Dci| Hkx MÖš’ mZ¨-wg_¨v, Av‡`k-Dc‡`k, ÁvbweÁv‡bi w`K wb‡`©kbv gvÎ; AZxZ, eZ©gvb I fwel¨r
mKj Ávbx‡`i Kv‡QB AZxZ MÖ‡š’i gZB c~~Y© †Kviv‡bi
Ávb Ac~Y© Av‡Q, wQj Ges Ac~Y©B _vK‡e|
cÖK…wZi AbeiZ AveZ©b-weeZ©b,cwieZ©bkxj, fvlv‡f‡`
bv‡gi cwieZ©b nq| kwiq‡Zi g‡Z cv`ªx, †MvmvB, VvKzi,
†`eZv, AeZvi, eªvþY †gvmjgv‡bi g‡a¨ †Kvb w`b Av‡m
wb, ˆ`evr ‡Kvb cÖwZwóZ cxi, Avj−vgvI hw` Bnvi GKwU
†LZve `vwe K‡i, Z‡e m‡½ m‡½B †h weZwK©Z n‡e
Zv‡Z m‡›`n †bB; ZvB KLbI g‡bi fy‡jI Avm‡e bv;
†gvj−v, †gŠjex ev MvDm-KzZze Ab¨ †Kvb RvwZi g‡a¨I
Av‡m wb, Avm‡eI bv BZ¨vw`i e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY Ki‡j fveyK
nb, jw¾Z nb wK‡kvi ÁvbxMYI|
24. --bvidvD-- Avjxg| [12BDmyd-76] A_©: hv‡K
B”Qv Zv‡KB Avwg gh©v`vq DbœxZ Kwi/Kie;
cÖ‡Z¨K Ávbxi Dc‡i AwaK Ávbx Avj−vni `iev‡i
gIRy` Av‡Q|
bex-ivQyj AvMg‡Yi fwel¨r evYx Ki“K wK bv Ki“K!
†Kv_vI †jLv _vK ev bv _vK! m„wó hZw`b _vK‡e, Rb¥gyZz¨ hZw`b Pj‡e, mZ¨-wg_¨v hZKvj RwoZ n‡q _vK‡e,
ZZKvj ch©š— bex-ivQyj, Bgvg †gn`x , AeZvi, gybxFlx, cqM¤^i I ‡divDb, Avey‡R‡nj, MWdv`vi,BqvRyRgvRyR I nvi“Z-gvi“Z AbeiZ Avm‡ZB _vK‡e; Ges BnvB
cÖK…wZ| mnR-mij I wPiš—b evbx †`Lyb:
25. gv Kvbv-- AvRxg| [3:Bgivb-179] A_©: wg_¨v‡K
mZ¨ †_‡K c„_K bv Kiv ch©š— †Zvgiv †h Ae¯’vq
[Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K; †gvbv‡dK-‡gv‡gb BZ¨vw` RMvwLPzox ] _v‡Kv/_vK‡e, Avj−vn †m Ae¯’vq
†Zvgv‡`i ‡Q‡o ‡`b bv/†`‡eb bv| A`„k¨ fvÛvi
Avj−vn mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ Ly‡j †`b bv| Z‡e wZwb

166

hv‡K B”Qv Zv‡KB ivQyj g‡bvwbZ K‡i A`„k¨
(ARvbv) m¤^‡Ü †Zvgv‡`i AewnZ Kivb/Kiv‡eb|
myZivs †Zvgiv Avj−vn I Zvi ivQyj‡`i Dci Bgvb
AvwbI| †Zvgiv wek¦¯— _vK‡j Ges Dnv‡Z `„p
_vK‡jB mdjZv Awbevh©|
nZevK †nvb:
26.A gv Kvbv-- nvwKg| [42:ïiv-51] A_©: †`navix
gvby‡li Ggb ¶gZv †bB †h, Avj−vni m‡½ mv¶vZ
K_v ejv; wKš‘ Awni gva¨g Qvov; c`©vi Aš—ivj
Qvov A_ev `y‡Zi gva¨g Qvov; †h Zvi AbygwZµ‡g
wZwb hv Pvb Zv e¨³ K‡ib; wZwb m‡e©vP¨ ZË¡
Ávbx|
A_©vr byeyqvwZi 3wU myÎ ev c_: Awn= †cÖiYvÁvb, hv ü`‡q
¯^ ¯^ fvlvq †e‡R D‡V| c`©vi Avovj= fveev` ev `k©bÁvb
A_©vr †Kv_v ‡_‡K Ávb cvq ev †K e‡j ‡`q, Zv Zvi Rvbv
_v‡K bv| `~‡Zi gva¨g= cÖK…wZ ev m„ó e¯‘i gva¨g; e¯‘i
M‡elYv, cix¶v-wbix¶vi Ávb A_©vr hv‡K weÁvb ejv
nq|
Dwj−wLZ †Kvb& myÎwU Avj−vn eÜ K‡i‡Qb Ges †Kb! Zvi
hyw³ cÖgvb †Kv_vq! Zv G¶‡Y Ávbx‡`i fvwe‡q Zzj‡e; ZË¡
I Z_¨ Ávb eÜ nIqvi aviYv I wek¦vm weÁv‡bi be be
Avwe¯‹v‡ii hy‡M Db¥v‡`i cÖjvc ‰e Avi wK ev nÕ‡Z cv‡i!
fvwe‡q Zzj‡e Kw_Z †gÕiv‡R gnvbexi Avj−vn `k©Y|
[†`Lyb Ôk‡e ‡gÕivRÕ cÖwZ‡e`b]
Rb¥ †_‡K g„Zz¨, Kg© †_‡K AeKvk, †QvU †_‡K eo, eo
†_‡K e„nr, wekvj,AZzjbxq djvdj Av‡m e¨w³MZ,
cwieviMZ, eskMZ wZb Kv‡ji weewZ©Z Kg©¸‡Y| hveZxq
Kz-my Ávb-¸Y I kw³ Av‡m-hvq Kg©-mvabvq| Gi mg_©‡b
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq AmsL¨ AvqvZ ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, mr
Amr Kg©-mvabv-M‡elYv ¸‡YB m„wói †kªô bex-ivQyj,
bgiƒ`-‡divDb nb [98:evBGbv-7] fvj Kg©=fvj
ag©=Avw¯—K; Lvivc Kg©=Lvivc ag©= bvw¯—K| †KvbwU fv‡jv
Avi Lvivc Kg© Hkx MÖš’ Zvi ¯’vqx mgvavb †`q |
gyn¤§` [mv] bex n‡q †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq hvb wb! eis †nivi

¸nvq gvm‡K gvm K‡Vvi a¨vb-mvabv K‡g©B Avj−vni
‡cÖibvq †cÖibvcÖvß ev Avj−vngq n‡qwQ‡jb|
†nivi ¸nvq K‡Vvi mvabvq wbgMœ †gvnv¤§` (mv) Awn
†c‡qI wZwb Rvb‡Zb bv †h wZwb Avj−vni Awn cv‡”Qb,
bex n‡”Qb| Kg© d‡ji Rb¨B GKB mgq GKB mgv‡R
GgbwK GKB cwiev‡i GKvwaK bex-ivQy‡ji AvMgY
cwijw¶Z nq|
wK c~Y© Avi wK Ac~Y© BZ¨vw` wel‡qi Dci bex-ivQyj nIqv
bv nIqv wbf©i K‡i bv; wbf©i K‡i AvwgZ¡, gneŸZ, G‡i`v
I G‡jg mvabvq e¨w³i c~Y© Ac~Y©Zvi Dci| µgvMZ bexivQyj n‡j †divDb-Avey‡h‡njMY e¨ZxZ Avj−vn I
†gv‡gb‡`i fq, AvcwË ev weeªZ A_ev nZvm nIqvi wKQy
†bB| Avj−vn Pvq Ges †Kviv‡bi g~j gš¿B cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvbyl
Áv‡b-¸‡Y, †PZbv I ZË¡ Áv‡b c~Y©Zv jvf Ki“K, Avj−vni
m‡½ ms‡hvM ¯’vcb Ki“K; Avj−vni isG iwÄZ †nvK!
Avj−vngq (iveŸvbx) †nvK| ¯^qs Avj−vnB mKj Rx‡ei
ü`‡q Ae¯’vb, †m gvbylM‡Yi GK, GKvwaK Ges Z‡ZvwaK
bex-ivQyj nIqv ÔA¯^vfvweKÕ fvevUvB A¯^vfvweK g~L©Zv!
27.K. †QeMvZvj−vwn-- Avwe`yb| [2: evKviv-138] A_©:
Avgiv MÖnY Kijvg Avj−vni iO, i‡O Avj−vn
A‡c¶v †K AwaKZi my›`i? Ges Avgiv ZviB
Bev`ZKvix|
L. gv Kv bv-- Zv`i“Qyb| [3:Bgivb-79] A_©: †Kvb
e¨w³‡K Avj−vn wKZve, wnK&gZ I byeyqZ `vb Kivi
ci †m gvbyl‡K ej‡e, ÔAvj−vni cwie‡Z© †Zvgiv
Avgvi `vm n‡q hvI!Õ Bnv Zvi Rb¨ †kvfb b‡n;
eis †m ej‡e, Ô†Zvgiv Avj−vngq [ieŸvbx] n‡q
hvI, †h‡nZz †Zvgiv wKZve wk¶v `vI Ges †h‡nZz
†Zvgiv wb‡RivI Zv co|
A_©vr mKj gvbyl‡K ÔAvj−vgqÕ nIqvi wb‡`©k Dwj−wLZ
AvqvZ؇q| whwb Avj−vngq nb ev n‡Z cv‡ib, Zvi c‡¶
Ôbex-ivQyjÕ nIqvUv wbZvš— Zz”Q welq e‡U! ZvB
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jbt
Ò---------------gy³ †NvlYv †c‡Z n‡j

167

mKj‡KB gnvcyi“l n‡Z n‡e|
bZz ¸i“Zi P‡µi `vc‡U
‡dUv ‡dVv n‡Z n‡e
hy‡M hy‡M|
jvBjvnv Bj−vj−vû gnvcyi“livB ivQyj
Gc~Z evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|Ó
AwaKvsk gvbylB hw` Avj−vgq, gnvcyi“l nq Zv‡Z mgv‡Ri
¶wZ wK jvf! Kj¨vY wK AKj¨vY! Zv GK †m‡K‡Ûi g‡a¨B
mwVK Reve †h †KD w`‡Z cv‡i| ZeyI kwiq‡Zi †Nvi
AvcwË _vKvi KviY AÁvZ! KvRwU eoB KwVY e‡jB AwZ
KwPr, K`vwPr cwijw¶Z nq gvÎ| `v‡ivMv-cywjk,
†cÖwm‡W‡›Ui c` mK‡ji Rb¨B Db¥y³ wKš‘ c`¸wj
msiw¶Z I mxwgZ e‡U! wKš‘ bex-ivQyj, MvDm-KzZze, ZË¡
Ávbx-weÁvbxi c` KwVYfv‡eB msiw¶Z n‡jI c` mxwgZ
bq, bq wbwl× ev nvivg|
weÁvb e‡j weh©¨ RM‡Z KzKzi gvbyl mgv‡b mgvb A_ev
GLb ch©š— †f`v‡f` cÖgvb Ki‡Z m¶g nbwb! †kvbv hvq,
GK‡dvUv we‡h© 20 †_‡K 3 kZ wgwjqb gvbyl KxU _v‡K;
hv‡`i AvKvi AvK…wZ, Ae¯’vb cwi‡ek GKK I Awfbœ
mgvR Rxeb; wKš‘ Av`g n‡q Rb¥ jvf K‡i cÖavbZt
GKwU; myZivs AvR‡Ki we‡k¦i 6/7 wewjqb gvbyl gvÎ
K‡qKRb †jv‡Ki K‡qK †dvUv we‡h©i dj gvÎ! Av‡iv
fvev `iKvi †h, Aby¨b cÖwZ 20 wgwjqb ÔKxU-gvbylÕ
‡Mvwôi ga¨ †_‡K eQ‡i gyw³ cvq cÖavbZt 1 Rb Av`g Ges
†m Abycv‡Z we‡k¦i 7 wewjqb gvby‡li g‡a¨ M‡o KqRb
gvbyl Avj−vngq n‡q gyw³ cv‡”Q ev †c‡Z cv‡i!!
28. kwiq‡Zi Av‡Rv AKvU¨ aviYv †h, bex-ivQyj Avi
Avm‡e bv! ¯^vaxbZvi mydj †f‡e evK¨wU cÖPvi
K‡i ¯^w¯’ wbtk¦vm ‡d‡j Avb›` Drme Ki‡Qb! wK
nZvmv cÖKvk Ki‡Qb Zv A¯úó| Z‡e Avkvfimv w`‡”Qb †h, bexi `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡eb
gvIjvbvMY [Avgiv/Avgv‡`i Avj−vn ev cÖfyMY]
Ges Gi ¯^-c‡¶ wbæewY©Z AvqvZwU Dc¯’vcb
K‡ib:

Aj ZvKzb--gyd‡jûb| [3:Ggivb-104] A_©:
†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb GK`j †nvK hviv Kj¨v‡Yi
w`‡K AvnŸvb Ki‡e Ges mrKv‡h©i wb‡`©k w`‡e I
Amr Kv‡h© wb‡la Ki‡e Ges ZvivB mdjKvg|
cÖavbZt bexi `vwqZ¡ cvjY Ki‡Z cv‡i GKgvÎ bexi
Ávb-¸‡Y m‡gvchy³ e¨w³MYB, Avi K‡g© m‡gvchy³ n‡j
bv‡gi cv_©K¨ g~L¨ ev †MŠY †KvbUviB ¸i“Z¡ _v‡K bv| G‡Z
Kv‡iv wØg‡Zi AeKvk Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv; KviY GiKg
Dcgv ev cÖgvb mgv‡R, Awdm-Av`vj‡Z Anin Ges fywi
fywi cvIqv hvq| cÖPwjZ Ges ¯^-‡NvwlZ ivQy‡ji
†m‡µUvixMY‡K H c‡`i Dchy³ g‡b K‡i wek¦ gymwjg
mgvR AvR AatcwZZ n‡q‡Q|
me‡P‡q eo K_v †h, H AvqvZwU GKgvÎ gnvbexi Dc‡iB
bvwRj nqwb| Bnv me©cÖ_g bvwRj nq Beªvnx‡gi (mv)
Dci; AZGe Dwj−wLZ aviYv g‡Z Beªvnx‡gi (mv) ci Avi
†Kvb bex-ivQyj nIqvi K_v wQj bv! `iKvi wQj bv; KviY
H GKB wb‡`©k †`qv n‡qwQj Beªvnx‡gi (mv) D¤§ZMY‡KI|
[`ª: †`Lyb: ewY©Z aviv bs-2 I 3]
29. cÖPwjZ kwiqZ Avkivdzj gLjyKvZ, gvby‡li cÖwZ
Avj−vni Awn eÜ †NvlYv Ki‡jI †gŠgvwQ‡`i cÖwZ
Awn e‡Üi nvw`m †dKnv-d‡Zvqv GLb ch©š— †jLv
nq wb! Avi AvqvZwUi wei“‡× LZ‡g byeyqvZ
KwgwUI MVY Kiv nqwb! †`Lyb:
A AvInv---ZvdvK¡vi“b| [16:bvnj-68-69]
A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK †gŠgvwQ‡K Awn K‡ib †h,
Ô†Zvgiv M„n wbg©vY Ki cvnv‡o, e„‡¶ I gvbyl †h
M„n wbg©vY K‡i Zv‡Z| AZtci cÖ‡Z¨K dzj †_‡K
wZj wZj K‡i (gay)msMÖn Ki AZtci †Zvgv‡`i
cÖwZcvjK cÖ`wk©Z mnR mij c_ AbymiY Ki-|Õ
30. Avj−vn wewe gwiqg‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb, gyQvi (mv)
gvÕ‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb; jyKgvb‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb,
wcucov‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb, †divDb‡K Wyeš— Ae¯’vq
Awn K‡i‡Qb; mg¯— Rxe-Rš‘,cï-c¶x‡K Awn
K‡ib; Avj−vni wb‡`©k Qvov †bŠhvb P‡j bv,

168

31.

32.

33.

Avj−vni Awn Qvov Rb¥-g„Zz¨ nq bv; wkiv i‡Mi
†P‡qI Avj−vn Kv‡Q; Rx‡ei Aš—‡iB Avj−vni
Ae¯’vb; Avj−vni Awn Qvov GgbwK Mv‡Qi cvZvwUI
b‡o bv| Avj−vn nvIqvixMY‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb (5:
gv‡q`v-111) G mKj †Kviv‡bi evbx|
AZGe ‡Kn gvbyK ev bv gvbyK A_ev ‡jLK‡K
Kv‡di- †gviZv` d‡Zvqv w`K! wK †g‡i †djyK!
Avj−vni Awn-evbx Avmv ‡kl ev eÜ n‡q‡Q e‡j
c„w_ex ï× gvbyl Kw_Z †KqvgZ ch©š— wPrKvi K‡i
mv¶x w`‡jI †Kviv‡bi evbx Pzj cwigvY bov‡bv
Kv‡iv †Kvb mva¨ †bB! G Kvi‡YB ivQy‡ji bv‡g
Zv‡`i nvw`m wjL‡Z n‡q‡Q|
mgMÖ †gvm‡jg RvwZ GK ev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi K‡ib †h,
kZ erm‡ii gv_vq GKRb ms¯‹viK Av‡mb;
e¯‘Ztc‡¶ mKj bex-ivQyjB †cÖiYvcÖvß, Bgvg
†gnw`; AZxZ a‡g©i ms¯‹viK gvÎ! hviv Ôbex
Avm‡ebÕ ej‡j AvcwË, A¯^xKvi K‡ib, c¶vš—‡i
Avjer Ôms¯‹viKÕ ÔBgvg †gnw`Õ Avm‡eb e‡j
mg_©b, ¯^vMZg Rvbv‡eb; Zv‡`i ÔbexÕ k‡ãi
cÖPwjZ Zdwmi, e¨vL¨v AbymiY bv K‡i eis
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K Ôbex-ivQyjÕ kã؇qi mvi
e½v_© Avwe®‹vi Kiv DwPr| AviI fvev DwPr †h,
mv‡o †PŠÏkZ erm‡ii g‡a¨ 15 Rb ms¯‹viK
Avmvi K_v wKš‘ mv¤cÖ`vwqK I `jxq mg_©b Qvov
me©¯^xK…Z GKRb ms¯‹viK Avm‡Qb wKbv ev Zvi
bvg njd K‡i †KD ej‡Z cv‡ib wK bv! Avi
eZ©gv‡bB ev †K Av‡Qb!
Kvgv AviQvjbv-- ZvAvjvgyb| [2:evKviv-151]
A_©:†hgb Avwg †Zvgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨
ivQyj g‡bvwbZ Kwi/Kie| †h Avgvi AvqvZmg~n
[myθwj] †Zvgv‡`i wbKU eY©bv K‡i; †Zvgv‡`i
myÎ [†KZve] I Kjv‡KŠkj wk¶v w`‡q cweÎ K‡i;
hv †Zvgviv Rvb bv|
†Kviv‡b AmsL¨evi †Nvlbv Av‡Q †h, Avj−vn‡K
WvK‡jB wZwb mvov †`b; A_©vb Awn K‡ib:

K. Bbœv-- gywRe| [ 11:û`-61] A_©: Avgvi
cÖwZcvjK wbK‡UB, WvK‡jB wZwb mvov †`b|
L. dvAvRKzi“bx-- ZvKdzi“b| [2:evKviv-152]
A_©: Avgv‡K WvK‡j Avwg mvov ‡`B|
M.
A Kvjv--jvKzg| [40: gywgb-60] A_©:
Avj−vn e‡jb,Ô‡Zvgiv Avgv‡K WvK, Avwg
†Zvgv‡`i Wv‡K mvov w`e|Õ
34. Bwbœ hv‡qjyb wdi Av‡Ø© Lwjdv| [2:evKviv-30]
A_©: wbðqB gvbyl hveZxq e¯‘i [AvØy©] cÖwZwbwa
[Avj−vni Lwjdv]|
gvbyl Avj−vni Lwjdv ev cÖwZwbwa n‡j, AZtci Awn ev
†hvMv‡hvM eÜ K‡i w`‡j A_ev †hvMv‡hvM A¯^xKvi Ki‡j
cÖwZwbwaZ¡ ‡kl n‡q hvq! Avj−vni AaxbZv cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i
wbR‡K ¯^vaxb A_©vr wki&K-‡gvk‡iK †Nvlbv Kiv nq! Avi
GRb¨B bv‡gi Av‡M gvIjvbv (Avgiv/Avgv‡`i cÖfy)
†LZve cÖPjb Kiv n‡q‡Q wK bv! Zv Ávbx‡`i ¯^-¯^ ¯^v‡_©B
†f‡e †`Lv DwPr! Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq wewa e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv
DwPr!
ZvÕQvov Avj−vni cÖwZwbwa ev `~Z n‡Z cvi‡j bex bv nÕ‡Z
cvivi hyw³ Abycw¯’Z! Z‡e nuv! ejv hZ mnR AvqZ¡ Kiv
ZZ KwVY n‡jI nvivg bq! gvKi“n bq! †e`vZI bq! eis
diR-mybœZ|
35. ivwdD-- ZvjvwK| [40-gygxb-15] A_©: wZwb Zvi
ev›`vw`‡Mi g‡a¨ †_‡K hv‡K B”Qv Zv‡K Inx †cÖiY
K‡ib/Ki‡eb ¯^xq Av‡`kmn hv‡Z †m mZK©
Ki‡Z cv‡i mv¶vZ Kvj m¤ú‡K©|
36. K¡yj-- BDbRvi“b| [21: Avw¤^qv-45] A_©: ej!
wbðqB Avwg Inx ØvivB †Zvgvw`M‡K mZK©
Kwi/Kie; wKš‘ hviv ewai Zv‡`i hLb mZK© Kiv
nq/n‡e ZLb Zviv mZK©evbx ï‡b bv/ïb‡e bv|
37. A nvRv-- gybwKi“b| [21: Avw¤^qv-50] A_©: Bnv
Kj¨vYgq evbx; Avwg Bnv AeZxY© Kwi/Kie; ZeyI

169

wK †Zvgiv Bn‡K A¯^xKvi Ki/Ki‡e?
38. Bbœv AvbRvjbvû wd jvBjvwZj K¡v`‡i| [97:
K`i-1] Avwg Bnv AeZxY© Kwi/Kie gwngvwš^Z
iRbx‡Z| (Zgmv”Qbœ AÜKvi hy‡M/ee©i
hy‡M/AvBqvg Rvwnwjqv hy‡M|)
GLv‡b ÔK¡v`iÕGi A_© Mfxi, Zgmv”Qbœ BZ¨vw` e¨enviB
AwaK hyw³ m½Z| KviY Zvi c‡iB ivZ ev AÜKv‡ii
K_vB Av‡Q; byi, Av‡jv, w`b ev †R¨vwZi K_v _vK‡j
Ôgwngvwš^Z,eiKZgq,gnvKj¨vY BZ¨vw` kã¸wj e¨envi
Dchy³ n‡Zv|
39.

Agv b~i‡Qjy-- BqvnRvbyb|[ 6: AvbAvg-48] A_©:
ivQyjMY‡K ïay mymsev`evnx I mZK©Kvixi~‡cB
cvVvB/cvVv‡ev ; †h †Kn Cgvb Avb‡j I wbR‡K
ms‡kvab Ki‡j Zvi †Kvb fq †bB Ges †m `~twLZ
n‡e bv|
40. wjKzwj− bvevB-- ZvÕjvgyb| [6: AvbAvg- 67]
A_©: cÖ‡Z¨K bexi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ mgq Av‡Q Ges kxNÖB
†Zvgiv Rvb‡Z cvi‡e|
kwiqZ B”QvK…Zfv‡eB ÕbvevCbÕ k‡ãi A_© K‡i‡Q
ÔevZ©v;Õ ÔbvevÕ kã †_‡KB bex I bvevCb kã؇qi
DrcwË, myZivs AvqvZwUi mnR Abyev`: ÔcÖ‡Z¨K bexi
Rb¨B wbw`©ó mgq _v‡K Ges †m mgqUv †Zvgiv kxNÖB
Rvb‡Z cvi‡eÕ Zv‡Z cÖPwjZ Ô‡kl bex gZev`Õ Aw¯—Z¡nxY
n‡q c‡o; myZivs ag©fxi“ fveyK-mvaK‡`i bZzb K‡i
fvwe‡q ZzjyK|
41. A iveŸyKv-- AvLvixb| [6: AvbAvg-133] A_©:- wZwb B”Qv Ki‡j †Zvgv‡`i AcmvwiZ K‡i Ges
hv‡K B”Qv †Zvgv‡`i ¯’jvwfwl³ K‡ib/Ki‡ebÑ
†hgb †Zvgv‡`i‡K Ab¨ RvwZ †_‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb|
42. -- AQ‡ei“ –BdwiQynv-- Bevw`nx--| [7: Avivd128] A_©:-- ˆah©¨ aviY Ki ivR¨ †Zv Avj−vniB|
wZwb Zvi ev›`v‡`i g‡a¨ hv‡K B”Qv Dnvi

DËivwaKvix K‡ib/Ki‡eb-- |
Agv BqvwZwng -- AvbZzg gy‡i`xb| [ 26: ïqviv5] A_©: Zv‡`i Kv‡Q `qvg‡qi wbKU †_‡K †Kvb
bZzb Dc‡`k †Zv Avi Av‡m bv! ZeyI Zviv
ZvÕ†_‡K g~L wdwi‡q †bq| (`ª: Gg GBm mvwKi I
Avãyj−vn Bmyd Avjx)
44. Awj Kzwj−-- BqvRjvgyb| [10: BDbym-47] A_©:
cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi Rb¨B GKRb ivQyj Av‡Q/_v‡K
Ges hLb Zv‡`i ivQyj G‡m‡Q /Av‡m ZLb
b¨qm½Zfv‡e wePvi Kiv n‡q‡Q/nq Ges Zv‡`i
cÖwZ hyjyg Kiv nqwb/nq bv|
45. KvjvZ-- Bj−v †eBRwbj−vn| [14: Beªvnxg-11]
A_©:Zv‡`i ivQyjMY Zv‡`i‡K ejZ, ÔmZ¨ e‡U
Avgiv †Zvgv‡`i gZ gvbyl wKš‘ Avj−vn Zvi
ev›`v‡`i ga¨ †_‡K hv‡K B”Qv AbyMÖn K‡ib|
Avj−vni AbygwZ e¨ZxZ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU cÖgvb
Dcw¯’Z Kiv Avgv‡`i ¶gZv †bB| gywgbM‡Yi
Avj−vni Dci wbf©i Kiv DwPr|
46. Avj−vû-- evwQi“b| [22: nv¾-75] A_©: Avj−vn
†d‡i¯—v I gvby‡li ga¨ †_‡K ivQyjMY‡K g‡bvbxZ
K‡ib| Avj−vn me©‡kªvZv, mg¨K `ªóv|
47. A jvK¡v`-- BqvZvRvK¡viƒb| [28: Kvmvm-51]
A_©: Avwg †Zv Zv‡`i wbKU c~bt c~bt evYx †cuŠ‡Q
w`w”Q/w`e; hv‡Z Zviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i|
48. A gv Kvbv--Rv‡jwgb| [28:Kvmvm-59] A_©:
†Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK Rbc`mgyn‡K aŸsm K‡ib bv
Bnvi †K‡›`ª Zvi AvqvZ Ave„wË Kivi Rb¨ ivQyj
†cÖiY bv K‡i Ges Avwg Rbc`mg~n‡K ZLbB
aŸsm Kwi hLb Bnvi evwk›`viv Ryjyg K‡i|
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK wbæ AvqvZwUi Abyev‡` e‡jb:
49. Agv gynv¤§v`yb Bj−v-ivQyj; K¡v` LvjvZ& wgb& K¡vwe−wni
i“Qyj| [3: Ggivb-144]
†gvnv¤§` = gnvcyi“l; ivQyj = †cÖiYvcÖvß|
gnv cyi“l gvÎ
†cÖiYvcÖvß
43.

170

50.

Aek¨ n‡q‡Q MZ
c~‡e©I Zvi
eû †cÖiYvcÖvß|
myZivs c‡iI Avwm‡eK
GBfv‡e gnvcyi“l †MvÎ
Z‡eB _vK‡e Avj−vni evK¨
dvB¤§v BqvÕwZqvbœvKzg wgbœx û`vb mZ¨|
†cÖibvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jbt
Ggwb c_cÖ`k©K Avm‡e
gvbyl¸‡jv mK‡jB Rvb‡e
DwPr Zv‡`i P~ov wbwi¶xqv
Rb¥ Zvi †Kvb& †`‡k!
†R‡b ivLyK Zviv Kv‡b
cÖKvk Zvi Ggwb †`‡k
h_v cvwbi `vcU †L‡j
m`v †mªv‡Z m`v ewil‡Y|
Dש nÕ†Z †b‡g G‡m
cvlv‡Yi †gi“`Û wP‡i
wbæ mgZj e¶ we`x‡Y©|
Gu‡K †eu‡K b`x bvjv cyKz‡i
AvL¨v hvi b`x gvZ…K f‚‡Mv‡j|
wbðqB wZwb msMVb K‡g©
mq¤¢~ weivU e¨vcK kw³avix n‡e|
me© ¸ß ZË¡ cÖKU n‡e
Zbœv Z‡bœ h_vh_ cix¶x‡Z
G msMVb i“L‡Z cvi‡ebv wKQy‡Z
†Kvb gnv kw³avix kw³I RM‡Z|
hw`I cywó cv‡e cðvZ nÕ†Z
AvKvk cÖKvk _vK‡e
cÖj¼i `ye©jZv nvb‡Z
So wkjv c−ve‡b ewil‡Y|

†Zvgv‡`i K…ZKg© †`v‡l
g„wËKv †m‡V †b‡e, †¶v‡f †iv‡l
Avgyj ea©b wµqv
km¨ dmj ¯^v` Z…‡ß|
ZviB evK¨ GKK e¨vcK
h_vh_ mZ¨ e¨vL¨v n‡e
evÂvj dvwK SzwK VvÆv
_vK‡ebv Zvi ev‡K¨ wKQy‡Z|
g~L© gvbe `vbe RvwZ
†KejB Ly‡R cuvwZ cuvwZ
Kx K‡i RvMÖZ ivL‡e
mªóvi KxwZ© †KejB we¯§„wZ
¯^í ¯^vqË kvlY cÖvß
¶wY‡Ki †Póv wµqv kw³
AÁv‡b fz‡j fv‡e gnvkw³
LvZvq hv wjLv c‡o
ïayB nUKvwiZv Aag †nsovgx|
ÔAvwg Avj−vn wbiÄb me© kw³avix
GZ`m‡Z¡I nUKvixiv fv‡e
Zv‡`i g‡ZAvwgI GKRb nUKvix|Õ
cybt cybt bex-ivQyj AvMg‡Yi ¯^-c‡¶ ci¤úivq
†Kviv‡bi cÖvq Aa© kZ hyw³-cÖgvYmn `yÕwU AwZwi³
†cÖibvevYx ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| GQvov Av‡iv Bw½Z i‡q‡Q
†Kviv‡bi ÔAv¤§v BqvZvQvqvjybÕ Aa¨vq; hv AZ¨š— `~‡f©`¨
weavq cÖKvk Kiv nqwb; [fwel¨r mgvR I cÖK…wZB Zvi
e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY w`‡e, GRb¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡Z n‡e|]
kwiq‡Zi GKwU gvÎ weZwK©Z AvqvZ ÔA LvZvgvbœvexb,Õ hv
GKUz Av‡M Ô‡kl bex gZev`Õ wk‡ivbv‡g wek`fv‡e
Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| myZivs Dwj−wLZ mv¶x-cÖgv‡bi Aš—Z

171

`yÕ GKwU avivI hw` kwiqZ LÛv‡Z e¨_© nq Z‡e Zv‡`i
DwPr G wb‡q evovevwi-Akvwš— m„wó bv K‡i eis
mnRfv‡eB MÖnY Kiv| Ab¨_vq Kv‡di-‡gvk‡iK nIqvB
wbæ Avqv‡Zi †Nvlbv:
51. gv BqvÏyj−vRxbv--AvRxg| [2: evKviv-105] A_©:
wKZvex‡`i g‡a¨ Kv‡di I gykwiKiv Bnv Pvq bv
†h, †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK †_‡K †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ
†Kvb Kj¨vY AeZxY© †nvK| A_P Avj−vn hv‡K B”Qv
Zv‡KB ingZ ¯^i~c we‡kliƒ‡c g‡bvwbZ K‡ib|
*

57 AmsL¨ ivQyj‡`i nw`m †Kv_vq
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

[2: evKvivÑ 87] Ges wbðqB g~Qv‡K wKZve w`‡qwQ
Ges Zvic‡i ch©vqµ‡g ivQyjMY‡K †cÖiY K‡iwQ ;
gwiqg Zbq CQv‡K ¯úó cÖgvb w`‡qwQ Ges cweÎ
AvZ¥vØviv Zv‡K kw³kvjx K‡iwQ ; Z‡e wK hLbB
†Kvb ivQyj Ggb wKQy G‡b‡Q hv †Zvgv‡`i gbc~Z
b‡n ZLbB †Zvgiv AnsKvi K‡iQ Avi KZK‡K
A¯^xKvi K‡iQ Ges KZK‡K nZ¨v K‡iQ|
Avi Avwg‡Zv g~Qv‡K wKZve w`‡qwQjvg I Zvici
G‡Ki ci GK ivQyj cvwV‡qwQ| ---| [nvweeyi
ingvb]
Aek¨B Avwg g~Qv bwe‡K wKZve w`‡qwQ Ges
Zvic‡i µgvMZfv‡e ivQyj cvwV‡qwQ| ---| [gv:
gy: kwdKzj Bmjvg]
g~Qv‡K wKZve w`qvwQ I ch©vqµ‡g †cÖiY KwiqvwQ
A‡bK ivQyj ---| G †K Gg dRjyi ingvb gywÝ]
And most certainly we gave Musa the
Book and we sent Apostles after him
one after another-- [ M. H. Shakir]

6.

And verily we gave unto Moses the
scripture and we caused a train of
messengers to follow after him-[Muhammad M. Pickthall]

Dwj−wLZ GKB Avqv‡Zi wfbœ wfbœ Abyev‡`i †gvUv I jvBb
Uvbv evK¨vs‡k Kv‡iv mv‡_ wZj cwigvY e¨wZµg ev
gZwe‡iva †bB| Avqv‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, g~Qvi c‡i
µgvš^q eû ivQyj †cÖib Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Avgiv Rvwb gvÎ
K‡qKRb, we‡kl K‡i 2 Rb bex-ivQy‡ji BwZnvm, CQv
I †gvnv¤§` (mv)| GB 2/4 Rb bex-ivQy‡ji eY©bvq ÔG‡Ki
ci GK, µgvMZ, ch©vqµ‡g, A‡bK ivQyjÕ, one after
another, a train of messengers BZ¨vw` fveaviv¸wj
e¨KiY g‡Z †Kvb fv‡eB cÖ‡hvR¨ bq|
wØZxqZt Avqv‡Z g~Qv †_‡K CQv ev †gvnv¤§` (mv) ch©š—
ejv †bB; ejv n‡q‡Q Ôg~Qvi ci †_‡K AbeiZ ivQyj
†cÖixZ n‡q‡Q;Õ myZivs †gvnv¤§` ch©š— †cÖixZ AmsL¨
bex-ivQyjMY, †K ev Kviv wQ‡jb! Zv‡`i BwZnvm Kg‡ekx iw¶Z nqwb †Kb! GB Ô†KbÕi DËi nvw`‡m ‡hgb
†bB; †dKnv, GRgv, †Kqvm BZ¨vw` ev d‡ZvqvqI †bB
mZ¨; wKš‘ Av‡Q Dwj−wLZ H Avqv‡ZB ‡h, Ô-hLbB †Kvb
ivQyj Ggb wKQy G‡b‡Qb hv †Zvgv‡`i gbc~Z b‡n, ZLbB
†Zvgiv AnsKvi K‡iQ Avi KZK‡K A¯^xKvi K‡iQ Ges
KZK‡K nZ¨v K‡iQ|Õ [2: 87]
GgZve¯’vq †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) c‡I AvR mv‡o †PŠÏk eQ‡ii
g‡a¨ †Kvb bex-ivQyj Avm‡Qb wK Av‡mbwb! ‡m m¤^‡Ü
wPš—v Kivi c~‡e© H AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj‡`i Aš—Z 5/7
R‡bi cwiPq D×vi Kiv DwPr Ges Zv m¤¢e n‡j
‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) c‡ii bex-ivQyj‡`i mbv³ Kiv mnR
n‡e; Aek¨ hw` G‡m _v‡Kb|
wKš‘ kwiqZ ‡Kviv‡bi c‡¶ G welq wKQy‡ZB bvK Mjv‡eb

172

bv; eis ‡evLvix‡`i †KZve w`‡q Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o
Zzj‡eb| G¶‡Y †Kn hw` H Avqv‡Zi c‡¶ AZxZ 5/10
Rb ivQy‡ji bvg e‡j †`q! Z‡e wbðqB Zviv kwiqZ
i¶v‡_© H‡K¨i Wv‡K Av‡jg mgvR GKZve× n‡q c~e©er
AnsKvi, A¯^xKvi Z_v f‡Ûi fÛ AvL¨vwqZ Ki‡e; GgbwK
Zv‡K nZ¨v K‡i webv wePv‡i KvíwbK †e‡n‡¯—i `vwe`vi
n‡Z wZj cwigvY wØav‡eva Ki‡eb bv|
bex-ivQyj n‡jB †h Avw`Kv‡ji gZ cÖKv‡k¨ `vex ev
†Nvlbv Ki‡Z n‡e, Ggb †Kvb aiv-euvav AvBb †Kviv‡b
†bB|
mgv‡R `yÕPviRb hviv cÖK…Zc‡¶B GKgvÎ †Kviv‡bi Dci
Av¯’vevb, †h Av¯’vi Dci wfbœ †KZvevw`i kwiK †bB,
Zviv nvwi‡q hvIqv ivQyj‡`i cybiƒ×v‡ii Rb¨ Ôbex-ivQyj
†kl bqÕ cÖwZ‡e`‡b ewY©Z 26 bs avivi 42:kyiv-51
AvqvZwUi mvnvh¨ wb‡Z cv‡ib|
*
58 CQv (mv) I Bgvg †gn`xi AvMgb
Avw`Kvj †_‡K wkqv-Qybœx BZ¨vw` `j Dc-`j¸wj wek¦vm
K‡i Avm‡Q †h CQvi g„Zz¨ nqwb eis Avj−vn Zv‡K AvKv‡k
Zz‡j wb‡q‡Qb! †Kqvg‡Zi cye©¶‡Y CQv I Bgvg †gn`x‡K
h_vµ‡g Kvev gmwR` I wmwiqvi `v‡g‡¯‹i AgyK gmwR‡`i
Qv‡` Avj−vn AeZiY Kiv‡eb| AZtci Qv` †_‡K gB
e¨wZ‡i‡K gvwU‡Z AeZiY Ki‡Z ci‡eb bv| [gBwU Aek¨
†Kvb Aviex ivRv-ev`kvMY AvRI ˆZwi K‡i iv‡Lb wb]
AZtci BqvRyR-gvRyR Avm‡eb; `v¾vj Avm‡eb!
Av¤§vev` [AZtci] A™¢‚Z wK¤^vKvi GKwU Rš‘I bvwRj
n‡eb| [‡`Lyb: †KqvgZ Aa¨v‡q ewY©Z 27: bgj-82]
AZtci gvÎ H `yR‡bB BqvRyR-gvRyR,`v¾vjmn A™¢yZ
wK¤^vKvi cïwUI nZ¨v K‡i mvov we‡k¦ Bmjvg cÖwZôv K‡i

Avevi nVvr Mv‡qe n‡q hv‡eb! AZtci ‡mB Kw_Z
†KqvgZ msMwVZ n‡e| GZ`m¤^‡Ü 14 †_‡K 73wU nvw`m
ewY©Z Av‡Q| [`ª: †evLvix; AvwR. nK, 4_© LÛ, c„:280]
GgbwK msw¶ß Bmjvwg wek¦ †Kv‡lI Ôgvnw`Õ Aa¨vq cÖPzi
eqvb Av‡Q| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl; 2q LÛ, c„:
184]
Kw_Z nq mg¯— bexi Zzjbvq Bgvg †gnw`i Ávb, ¸Y I
kw³ mvnm AwaK _vK‡e| wZwb wb®úvc _vK‡eb BZ¨vw`
Aev¯—e Kí-Kvwnbx cÖPvi K‡i mij cÖvY RbmvaviY‡K
weåv‡š—i gvqv Rv‡j e›`x K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| Gmg¯— Avie¨
Jcb¨vwmK a¨vb, aviYv I KvíwbK wek¦vm¸wj cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki
`yÕb¤^ix †KZv‡ei Dci wbf©ikxj, cweÎ †Kvivb ev
g~jMÖ‡š’i m‡½ Gi †Kvb m¤úK© †bB eis †Nvi we‡iva|
KvíwbK Bgvg †gn`x‡K mKj bex-ivQyj‡`i †P‡qI eo
GKUv wKQy ¯^xKvi K‡iI bex-ivQyj‡`i gh©v`v ev Zv‡`i
m`©vi AvL¨v w`‡Z kwiqZ ‡Kb ivwR bb! Zvi e¨vL¨v
we‡k−lY Ki‡Z kwiqZ m¤ú~Y© Amg_©|
ÔBgvg †gnw`Õ A_© m‡Z¨i †bZv, m‡Z¨i mvaK, aviK I
evnK A_©vr ms¯‹viK| ‡Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq mv¶x Av‡Q
†h, cÖ‡Z¨K bex-ivQyjMYB Bgvg, Bgvg †gnw` Ges †KnB
AvKvk †_‡K eRª-wkjvi gZ acvm K‡i c‡obwb! GgbwK
CQv Ges bex‡`i mi`vi (?) ‡gvnv¤§`‡KI [mv] Avj−vni
QybœZ ev weavb †gvZv‡eK cÖK…wZi wbqg Abyhvqx gv‡qi †cU
†_‡KB Avm‡Z n‡q‡Q|
welqwU wek` Av‡jvPbvq bv wM‡q `yÕwU wK‡kvi cÖ‡kœ
cvVK‡`i fvwe‡q Zzj‡Z cv‡i †h, CQv (mv) I Bgvg †gnw`
G‡m cÖwZwU gvbyl‡K cvK-cweÎ Z_v LvwU †gvmjgvb Z_v
we‡k¦ kvwš— cÖwZôv Kivi ci ciB mg~n Avc`-wec` wb‡q
†KqvgZ NUvi hyw³ wK? Zv‡`i mw¤§wjZ Kg© dj wbõj
Kivi Avj−vni AwfcÖvq wK?
WviDB‡bi BfwjDmb w_Iix Ges †Kviv‡bi weeZ©b ev`
cÖbvjx Qvov mivmwi giv gvbyl `yÕ`k w`b ev nvRvi nvRvi
ermi c‡i AweKj †mB e¨w³wUB cybivq wd‡i G‡m‡Q

173

A_ev AvKvk †_‡K gvbyl ev Rxe cZ‡bi Ggb †Kvb NUbv
Av`‡gi c~e© †_‡K AvR ch©š— N‡Uwb Avi NU‡e e‡jI
†Kv_vI `wjj cÖgvb †bB| me© Kv‡ji me©‡kªó Ggb GKwU
NUbv NU‡Z hv‡”Q ev NU‡eB! A_P †Kviv‡b Zvi wZj gvÎ
Bw½Z-Bmviv †bB| myZivs welqwU ‡h ev hviv iPbv
K‡i‡Qb Ges GLbI hviv wek¦vm Ki‡Qb Zviv mK‡jB
Avgv‡`i `„wó‡Z Rei`¯— Av‡jg Ges †emÑf~lvq gygxbgymjgvb n‡jI †Kviv‡bi mv¶¨-cÖgv‡b Giv AÜ, †eKzd
e‡U! [`ª: 2:171; 5: 44-49; 45:6|] hviv †Kvivb‡KZve ewnf©~Z MvRv‡Lvix Mà iPbv K‡ib Zv‡`i ¯’vb
†Kv_vq Zv Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z cybt †`‡L wbwðr nIqv Ri“ix:
(2: evKviv-78,79; 3: Ggivb-78)
CQv (mv) †h g‡ibwb GB gZev‡`i ¯^c‡¶ wbæ cÖ`Ë¡
Avqv‡Zi GKwU gvÎ LwÛZ Ask ‡KŠk‡j DÌvcY K‡ib: Zv
n‡jv ÔivdvqvÕ ev Ô(Dc‡i) Zzwjqv jIqv|Õ
1.
¯§iY Ki, hLb Avj−vn ej‡jb, Ô‡n Cmv! Avwg
†Zvgvi (Avqy) Kvj c~Y© Kwi‡ZwQ Ges Avgvi wbKU
†Zvgv‡K ÔZzwjqvÕ jB‡ZwQ [Aviex ÔivdvqvÕi
A_©:myD”P,
Dc¯’vcK,
gvgjv-‡gvKÏgv
Dc¯’vcbKvix, †Zvjv|] Ges hviv mZ¨ cÖZ¨vL¨vb
Kwi‡Z‡Q Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K †Zvgv‡K Ôgy³Õ [Aviex
ÔZvIqvdwdÕ A_©: c~Y© cvIqvbv Dmyj K‡i †bqv,
g„Zz¨ `vb Kiv] Kwi‡ZwQ| Avi †Zvgvi
AbymvwiMY‡K wKqvgZ ch©š— Kvwdi‡`i Dci
cÖvavb¨ w`‡ZwQ, AZtci Avgvi Kv‡Q †Zvgv‡`i
cÖZ¨veZ©Y [Aviex ÔivRDbÕ A_© wdwi‡h †`qv,
cÖZ¨veZ©b|Õ Zvi ci †h wel‡q †Zvgv‡`i gZvš—i
NwU‡Z‡Q Avwg Dnv gxgvskv K‡i w`e|[3:55]
c~Y© AvqvZwUi cÖwZwU Ask ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ges mgv_©‡evaK weavq
Mfxifv‡e j¶bxq| †hgb: ÔKvj c~Y© ev mgq †klÕ A_©B
g„Zz¨i mgq Nwb‡q Avmv| gy³ Kwi‡ZwQ gv‡b †`n †_‡K

AvZ¥vi gyw³ ev g„Zz¨i j¶Y| ÔZz‡j ‡bqvÕ I ÔcÖZ¨veZ©bÕ
mivmwi mgv_©‡evaK|ÔcÖZ¨veZ©bÕ kãwU eûevi †Kviv‡b
D‡j−L Av‡Q †h, mK‡jB Avj−vn †_‡K Avm‡Q Ges
Avj−vn‡ZB cÖZ¨veZ©b Ki‡Q/Ki‡e|
c~‡e© Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, AvKvk †_‡K acvm K‡i gvbyl
cZ‡bi BwZnvm m„wó †_‡K AvR ch©š— †Kvb `wjj cÖgvb
‡hgb †bB! Abyiƒc `ywbqv †_‡K Ucvm K‡i ev R¨vZv-giv
gvbyl‡K AvKv‡k Zz‡j †bqviI †Kvb
AvjvgZI
AvqvZwU‡Z †bB, `ywbqvq N‡Uwb wKš‘ DcMÖš’¸wj‡Z Av‡Q|
AvqvZwU‡Z Avi GKwU ¸i“Zi welq j¶bxq, Zv n‡jv
Cmvi (mv) AbymvixMY‡K †KqvgZ ch©š— Rqhy³ K‡i ivLv
Avj−vni Kmg! myZivs: ÔL„óvbMY‡K eÜz wnmv‡e MÖnY
KwiI bv, wek¦vm KwiI bv,Õ Ôhviv e‡j ÔAvgiv L„óvbÕ
ZvivB †gvm‡jg‡`i Nwbô eÜz,Õ Bûw`MY †kªó RvwZ,Õ
ÔBûw`MY gymjgvb‡`i †Nvi kΓ,Õ ÔZv‡`i g‡a¨I Ávbx-¸Yx
Av‡Q,Õ Ô‡ZvgivB †kªó RvwZ,Õ BZ¨vw` AvqvZ¸wji
cÖPwjZ Abyev` D‡c¶v K‡i, ¯’vb-Kvj I cvÎ †f‡`
evK¨¸wji mvi K_vi mgš^q mvab, wbi‡c¶ Áv‡bi
Av‡jv‡K wePvi we‡ePbv Ki‡j †h ZË¡ D˜NvwUZ n‡e Zv
wbtm‡›`‡n mgMÖ gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi DcKv‡i Avm‡eB|
AviI GKwU AvqvZ kwiq‡Zi c‡¶ DÌvcb K‡ib:
2.
--Avi Avgiv Avj−vni ivQzj gvwiqg Zbq Cmv
gmxn‡K nZ¨v K‡iwQ-Õ A_P Zviv Zv‡K nZ¨v
K‡iwb, µzkwe×I K‡iwb; wKš‘ Zv‡`i GBiƒc weåg
n‡qwQj| hviv Zvi m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` K‡iwQj Zviv
wbðq GB m¤^‡Ü mskqhy³ wQj; GB m¤ú‡K©
Abygv‡bi AbymiY e¨ZxZ Zv‡`i †Kvb ÁvbB wQj
bv| Bnv wbwðZ †h, Zv‡K nZ¨v K‡iwb| bv, Avj−vn
Zv‡K Zvi wbKU Zz‡j [ivdvqv] wb‡q‡Qb, Ges
Avj−vn civµgkvjx cÖÁvgq|
wKZvexw`‡Mi g‡a¨ cÖ‡Z¨‡K Zvi g„Zz¨i c~‡e© Zv‡K

174

wek¦vm Ki‡eB, Ges wKqvg‡Zi w`b †m Zv‡`i
wei“‡× mv¶¨ w`‡e| [4:wbQv- 157-159]
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU‡Z cÖPwjZ wek¦vm mg_©‡bi †KvbB j¶Y
†bB †Zv e‡UB eis mvaviY g„Zz¨i j¶YB ¯úó| wKš‘ Zv‡K
ÔnZ¨v K‡iwb, µzkwe×I K‡iwbÕ myZivs †Mj †Kv_vq! GB
Ô†Mj †Kv_vqÕ evK¨wUB Cmv‡K (mv) AvKv‡k †Zvjvi
wek¦v‡mi B›`b †hvwM‡q‡Q! B›`b hywM‡q‡Q Av`g-nvIqv
`ywbqvq wbw¶ß nIqvi eqv‡b| Av‡iv B›`b †hvwM‡q‡Q
L„óvb‡`i a¨vb aviYv †h, KwZcq f³ µ‡m g„Z Cmv‡K
D‡o †h‡Z †`‡L‡Qb, `yÕw`b c‡i wd‡i G‡m mv¶vZI
K‡i‡Qb BZ¨vw`|
Bgvg †gnw` wek¦v‡mi myPYv
gnv bexi Idv‡Zi ci wkqvMY nhiZ Avjx‡K bexi
DËivwaKvix Bgvg wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡ib Ges ci¤úivq H
DËivwaKvi my‡Î cÖavbZt Bgv‡gi eo †Q‡j Bgvg c‡`i
AwaKvix bxwZ‡Z wek¦vmx| Gfv‡e 6ô Bgvg ch©š— Awef³
wkqv m¤cÖ`v‡qi Ô‡gnw`Õ bv‡gi ney 7g Bgvg wK‡kvi
eq‡m nVvr nvwi‡q hvb ev Mv‡qe n‡q hvb| we‡kl K‡i 6ô
Bgv‡g wek¦vmx wkqv‡`i Dc`j AvRI Zvi wd‡i Avmvi
cÖwZ¶vq Av‡Qb| KviY Zv‡`i wek¦vm ÔBgvgÕ Avj−vn
†cÖixZ; Zv‡K Ab¨vqfv‡e †Kn gvi‡Z cv‡i bv, AKvj
g„Zz¨, LyY, ¸g-Mv‡qeI Ki‡Z cv‡i bv eis Avj−vnB Zv‡K
Mv‡qe †ndvR‡Z †i‡L‡Qb! †Kqvg‡Zi c~‡e© Zv‡K cÖKvk
Kiv‡eb! GB KvíwbK AÜ wek¦v‡m Zviv AvRI ciewZ©
Bgvg‡`i ¯^xKvi mg_©b I wek¦vm K‡ib bv|
gymjgvb Kv‡di‡`i nv‡Z knx` nIqv nhiZ Avjxi jvk
†gveviK ‡Kv_vq †Mj! Kei †Kv_vq! Zv wkqv-Qybœx †KnB
AKvU¨ cÖgvb w`‡q ej‡Z cv‡ib bv| wnUjv‡ii Aš—a©vb,
gvÎ †m w`‡bi †bZvRx myfvm †ev‡mi Mv‡qe AvRI
inm¨gq I weZwK©Z! Dciš‘ nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i (mv) eskmn
wkqv‡`i AwaKvsk BgvgMYB gymjgvb Kv‡di-

‡gvbv‡dK‡`i nv‡Z Lyb ev kwn` nIqv m‡Z¡I H wkïwU
Rbve ‡gn`x, AcÖvß eq¯‹ ney Bgv‡gi nvwi‡q hvIqv, evNfvj−y‡K ‡L‡q †djv, Wy‡e giv ev Lyb-¸g n‡q hvIqvUv
Zviv AvRI wek¦vm Ki‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| wek¦vm K‡ib
Avj−vn Zv‡K Zz‡j wb‡q‡Q mgq gZ †Kqvg‡Zi c~‡e© acvm
K‡i bvwRj Kiv‡eb!
GLv‡bB e‡j ivLv fv‡jv †h, nhiZ Avjxi jvk I Kei
†gveviK m¤^‡Ü wfbœ wfbœ Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, Zvi kvn`‡Zi
c‡i jvk †Kv_vq ivLv n‡e G wb‡q kΓ-wg·`i g‡a¨
gnvbex I nhiZ Imgv‡bi jv‡ki gZB fq I †Nvi gZ
we‡iva N‡U! AZtci wm×vš— nq †h, jvkwU D‡Ui wc‡V
Pwo‡q †`qv n‡e Ges DUwU †hLv‡b _vg‡e wVK †mLv‡bB
jvk `vdb Kiv n‡e| ‡m g‡Z jvk DwV‡q †`qv n‡jv D‡Ui
wc‡V; Kw_Z nq DUwU Aweivg nvU‡Z nvU‡Z
AvdMvwb¯’v‡bi †Kvb GK ¯’v‡b G‡m _g‡K `vovq Ges
Zr¶YvZ †mLv‡bB gviv hvq| AMZ¨v †mLv‡bB Zv‡K Kei
†`qv nq|
GB NUbvi mZ¨Zv cÖgvbv‡_© Avi GKwU NUbv hy³ Av‡Q †h,
†Kvb GK AvdMvb ivRv wkKvi Ki‡Z wM‡q GKwU nwiY‡K
Zxi we× K‡i; Zxi we× nwiYwU †`Šov‡Z †`Šov‡Z †Kvb
GK AcwiwPZ gvRv‡i cv‡k Avkªq jq, ivRv †Nvov nvwK‡q
nwiYwU aivi Rb¨ AbymiY K‡i; wKš‘ cÖvq Kv‡Q wM‡q †Nvov
Avi mvg‡b AMÖmi nq bv; eû †Póv K‡iI †Nvov‡K GK
cvÕI mvg‡b nUv‡Z cv‡iwb| ivRv nZf¤^! AZtci ivRv
Zvi mnPi‡`i ‡W‡K nwiYwU D×vi Ki‡Z wb‡`©k †`b wKš‘y
Zv‡`i †NvovI AweKj mg `~i‡Z¡ mvg‡b Avi AMÖmi nqB
bv| mK‡jB nZf¤^! ivRv fve‡jb wbðqB †Kvb eyRyM©
†jv‡Ki gvRvi n‡e| AZtci wZwb ARmª A_© Li‡P wekvj
GjvKv Ry‡o gvRvi msjMœ GKwU `iMvnmn gmwR` wbg©vb
K‡ib| †mB gvRvi kwi‡di bvgvbymv‡I AvdMvwb¯’v‡bi H
wRjvwUi bvgKiY Kiv nq ÔgvRvi kwid;Õ DnvB we‡kl

175

K‡i AvdMvb‡`i Kv‡Q Avjxi gvRvi bv‡g L¨vZ; ‰`wbK
†mLv‡b nvRvi nvRvi `k©bv_©xi AvMgY nq|[ Z_¨myÎ: BD
Gb IÕi Aax‡b ‡mLv‡bB Kg© iZ wiUvqvW©: †gRi hyM‡fix
Z_¨wU cvwV‡q‡Qb|]
nhiZ Avjxi gvRvi m¤ú‡K© KÆi Qybœx‡`i A™¢yZ wek¦vm †h,
Avjxi gvRvi D‡Ui wc‡V! †QvU †ejv ûRy‡ii Kv‡Q D™¢U
Mí †kvbv ‡h, `yB Kz‡Rvavix D‡Ui GKwU Kz‡Rv Avjxi
Mv‡qex gvRv‡ii A‡jŠwKK bgybv! NUbvwU kwiqZx cy¯—
Kvw`‡ZI cvIqv Am¤¢e bq| Z‡e Qybœx HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z
dzivZ b`xi evu‡ai cv‡k© mgvwnZ Kiv n‡qwQj hv dzivZ
b`x‡ZB wejxb n‡q †M‡Q|
Dcgnv‡`‡k Bivb KZ…©K ag© cÖPvi I cÖwZôv K‡í
Bgvwgqv‡Z Awek¦vmx QybœxMY bvgvR-†ivRv, †d‡i¯—v,
†e‡n¯—-‡`vhL BZ¨vw` dviwm© k‡ãi gZ wkqv‡`i Bgvg
†gn`x gZev‡` cÖfvweZ n‡q‡Qb| cÖK…Z c‡¶ H `yÕ‡Uv
wek¦vmB †Kvivb ewnf©~Z fvev‡eM, D™¢U Kíbv ev cÖjvcI
ejv hvq|
Avn¤§w`qvMY wek¦vm K‡ib †h, CQv ïj †_‡K cvwj‡q
Kvk¥x‡i AvZ¥‡Mvcb K‡ib Ges †mLv‡bB Zvi g„Zz¨ nq|
Zvi Kei I i³v³ Rvgv Zviv `„pZvi mwnZ mbv³ K‡i‡Qb
e‡jI `vwe K‡ib| wKš‘ K_v n‡jv: Dc‡i 2bs AvqvZ
†gvZv‡eK ÔnZ¨vI K‡iwb, µzkwe×I K‡iwbÕ myZivs CQvi
i³gvLv Rvgvi `wjj cÖgvb †Kvivb wei“× I KvíwbK
e‡jB g‡b nq|
2 bs Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y CQvi g„Zz¨ †Kv_vq! wKfv‡e! G
welq AZxZ Kv‡j †hgb weåg, mskq wQj †ZgbB wgR©v
†Mvjvg Avn¤§`mn mKj RvwZ AvRI †mB mskq, weåvwš—
‡Z Av‡Qb Ges _vK‡eb!! †Kvivb ej‡Q gxgvskv n‡e ¯^-¯^
g„Zz¨¶‡Y | Z‡e Zvi ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ †h n‡qwQj Zv wb¤§
AvqvZwU Rjš— mvw¶| wKš‘ †Kvb `j ev RvwZiB
AvqvZwUi Dci Cgvb †bB, †`Lyb:

3. wKš‘ hLb Zzwg Avgv‡K [Cmv] ÔZz‡jÕ [ÔIdvZÕ A_©:
m¨vwUm‡dKmb, dyjwdj‡g›U, wWmPvR©, †W_] wb‡j
ZLb ZzwgB‡Zv wQ‡j Zv‡`i Kvh©Kjv‡ci
ZËveavqK Ges ZzwgB me© wel‡q mv¶x| [5: 117]
IdvZ kãwUi A_© hvB †nvK wKš‘ gymwjg we‡k¦
Dnvi A_© Ôg„Zz¨Õ wnmv‡eB myVvg cÖwZwôZ _vKv
m‡Z¡I CQvi IdvZ ev ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ Awek¦vm ev
A¯^xKvi Kivi hyw³ ‡bB!
m‡e©vcwi wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Zi mKj Abyev‡` nhiZ
gynv¤§`‡K (mv) ÔZz‡j †bqvÕ A‡_© mvaviY g„Zz¨ Ges ivQy‡ji
cÖKvk¨ g„Zz¨B Zv mcÖgvwbZ; GgbwK evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK
dvD‡Ûmb ÔIdv‡ZiÕ Abyev` mivmwi Ôg„Zz¨ NUvBÕ Kiv
n‡q‡Q| j¶Yxq welq †h, †mLv‡b Aviex kãwU Ôivdvqv,Õ
ev ÔIdvZÕ †bB Av‡Q gvÎ Ôhvnvev,Õ hv mvaviY A_©: ÔP‡j
hvIqvÕ eySvq| K‡qKwU Abyev` †`Lyb:
1.
2.

3.

If we take thee away, We shall be sure To
exact retribution from them. [43:41]
Abdullah Yusuf Ali.
But if We should take you away, Still We
shall inflict retribution on them. [43:41]
Shakir.

Avwg hw` ‡Zvgvi g„Zz¨ NUvB Zey Avwg Zv‡`i
kvw¯— w`e|[43:41] BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb|
4.
Avwg ‡Zvgv‡K mwi‡q wb‡jI I‡`i Dci
cÖwZ‡kva wbe|[43-41] gynv¤§` nvweeyi
ingvb|
Dc‡i `wjj cÖgvb mv‡c‡¶ wek` Av‡jvPbvi c‡iI hviv
nvw`‡mi †`vnvB w`‡q cÖPwjZ gZev‡` AUj Av‡Qb! Zviv
†klev‡ii gZ wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Zi Av‡jv‡K ¯^ ¯^ wek¦vm
ciL K‡i wb‡Z cv‡ib|
K¡yj−y bvdmxb Rv‡qKvZzj gvI‡Z = Rxe gvÎB g„Zz¨¯^v` MÖnY
K‡i/Rxe giYkxj = Every soul shall have a test of

176

death. [3: 185]

*
59 mKj bexB wek¦ bex I Awfbœ a‡g©i bex
Kg© mvabvq Ávb-¸‡Yi wbwi‡L bex-ivQyj g‡bvbxZ
nb| ‡Kn gvbyK wK bv gvbyK, mgv‡R ¯^xK…wZ cvK ev bv
cvK, Zviv c`vwaKvi e‡j mK‡jB Avš—R©vwZK| cÖavbZt
mªóv ¯^xKvi AZtci gvbe gZwe‡iva gxgvskv K‡í mgv‡R
kvwš— cÖwZôv Z_v Rb¥-g„Zz¨ mv_©K Kivi Rb¨B hy‡M hy‡M
bex-ivQyj‡`i Avwef©ve nq| Giv †KD mv¤cÖ`vwqK Avevi
†KD Avš—R©vwZK A_ev Avj−vni weavb GK RvwZi Rb¨
Kj¨vYKi, Ab¨ RvwZi Rb¨ Zv AKj¨vYKi A_ev GK
RvwZi Rb¨ nvjvj c¶vš—‡i Ab¨ RvwZi Rb¨ Zv nvivg
Ávb Kiv †Kvivb wei“× Z_v Pig g~L©Zv gvÎ| bexivQyj‡Zv `~‡ii K_v `vk©wbK, Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K, ˆeÁvwbKMY
¯’vb, Kvj, cvÎ ev fvlvq mxgve× bb| Áv‡bi ev¯—e
djvdjB weÁvb| Ávb-eyw×, †cÖg-wein, B”Qv,kw³,
hveZxq †`vl-¸‡Yi †`k I RvwZ‡f` _v‡K bv ; Ges Dnv
cÖvPxi w`‡q AvUwK‡q ivLvi e„_v †Póv gvÎ|
c¶vš—‡i GKgvÎ gyn¤§`‡K [mv] wek¦bex, me©†kªô bex,
bex‡`i bex, bex‡`i mi`vi, bex‡`i Bgvg BZ¨vw`
`vex¸wj †KvivwbK hyw³ cÖgvYnxb `jxq wnsmv AnsKv‡ii
ewntcÖKvk gvÎ| Abyiƒc Ab¨ RvwZMYI wb‡R‡`i e¨vcv‡i
Z`ª“c wek¦vm K‡ib e‡jB cieZ©x bex‡K GgbwK (†QvU)
bex wnmv‡eI ¯^xKvi K‡iwb| AZGe GKK wek¦RwbbZvi
hyw³ †hgb †bB, cÖgvY Ki‡ZI †KD †Kvb Kv‡jB m¶g
bb|
hv‡`i‡K mv¤cÖ`vwqK bex ejv nq Zv‡`i ag© †mB
†`‡ki g‡a¨B mxgve× _v‡K wb ; eis we‡k¦i me©ÎB †eŠ×,
wLª÷vb, Bûw` Ggb wK †cŠËwjKMYI Avš—R©vwZKfv‡e
we¯Z…Z I cÖwZwôZ Ges ¯^xK…Z| RbmsL¨vi w`K †_‡K
aviYv Kiv nq †eŠ×‡`i ¯’vb kx‡l©, AZtci L„óvb Ges
Z…Zxq ¯’v‡bi AwaKvix †gvmjgvb| AZtci †h†Kvb e¨w³
†h†Kvb mgq Ges ¯’v‡b ¯^-B”Qvq AbeiZ ag©vš—wiZ n‡Z

cv‡i Ges n‡”Q| myZivs †Kvb& ag©‡K mv¤cÖ`vwqK ev
RvwZMZ ag© ejv hvq! Avi †Kvb& ag©‡KB ev Avš—R©vwZK
AvL¨vqxZ Kiv hvq!
AviI mnR D`vniY: AweKj Avgvi gZ GKwU †jvK
we‡k¦i ey‡K Lyu‡R †eov‡j Avgv‡KB mve¨¯’ Ki‡Z n‡e,
KviY Avgvi gZ AweKj wØZxqwU Avi †bB| AvwgB we‡k¦i
Rb¨, we‡k¦i ey‡K GKRb, GKvš— GKK| Z`ª“c †h †Kvb
GKwU gvbyl, GKwU KzKzi, weovj we‡k¦i ey‡K cvVv‡bv
n‡q‡Q, we‡k¦i Rb¨B Ges cÖwZwU KxU-cZ½ wek¦RwbbZvi
cÖK…ô cÖZxK| GgZve¯’vq gvÎ GKRb bex‡K wek¦RwbbZvi
`vex A`~i`wk©Zv! ¯^qs gyn¤§` [mv] †Kviv‡b wb‡RB ¯^xKvi
K‡ib †h, ÒAvwg byZb wKQy bB; Avwg b~n-Beªvnxg †_‡K
mKj bexi Abymvix|Ó
mvaviYZt Avš—R©vwZK A‡_© we‡k¦i msL¨v Mwi‡ôi
¯^xK…wZ I mg_©b †evSvq wKš‘ gymjgvb‡`i †Zv †m
Ae¯’vbI †bB|
me‡P‡q nvm¨Ki ev D‡Ø‡Mi welq n‡jv †h, nvw`‡m
gyn¤§`‡K [mv] bex‡`i m`©vi e‡j cybt cybt †NvlYv Kiv
n‡q‡Q, wVK †mB nvw`‡mB Zuv‡K AZxZ bex‡`i cyÎ, fvB
e‡j ¯^-cÖgvY K‡i‡Q| D`vniY: Kw_Z †gÕiv‡R 1g
Avmgv‡b Av`g I 7g Avmgv‡b Beªvnxg (mv) Zvu‡K Ô †n
erm! †n my‡hvM¨ bex!Õ e‡j †gveviKev` Rvbvq; 2q
Avmgvb †_‡K 6ô Avmgvb ch©š— Ab¨ me bexMY Ô†n fvB!
†n my‡hvM¨ bex!Õ e‡j †gveviKev` Rvbvq| GgbwK gyQvi
(mv) mnKvix bex nvi“bI (mv) Zuv‡K fvB e‡j m‡¤^vab
K‡ib| AZxZ bexMY ciewZ© bex‡K fvB m‡¤^vab Kivi
A_© Kv‡ji e¨eav‡b wbtm‡›`‡n Ô†QvU fvB!Õ †Kvb bexB
gyn¤§`‡K [mv] ûRyi, ¸i“, Bgvg ev eofvB ev m`©vi e‡j
Awfev`b K‡ib wb| [`ª: †evLvix, 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:
351, 352; nvw`m bs-1800]
GKB e¨w³i GKB †KZv‡e †`vÕgyLx eqvb cÖK…Z
avwg©K‡`i fvwe‡q Zzj~K Ges cÖwZ‡ivaK `vwqZ¡ †ev‡ai
D`q †nvK! Avi GLv‡bB †kl bq:
kwiqZ Zv‡`i KvíwbK me©‡kªó bex‡K (!) ingZ
weewR©Z me©Kwbô bex wnmv‡e nvRvi eQi hver ‰`wbK

177

bvgv‡R 5 evi,AvRv‡b 5evi Z`exi,ZvMv`v w`‡”Qb †h,
Ab¨vb¨ bex‡`i gZ Zuvi Dc‡iI ‡hb ingZ el©Y Kiv nq;
wKš‘ AvR ch©š— ingZ el©Y K‡ibwb e‡jB Zv‡`i Z`exi
Kw_Z †KqvgZ ch©š— Ae¨nZ _vK‡e! (`ª: we¯—vwiZ †`Lyb
ÔbvgvR Aa¨vq|Õ)
Kv‡ji e¨eav‡b GKB gbyl¨ RvwZ hLb ag©-K‡g©
gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i mgv‡R Akvwš— NUvq; AZtci †m¸wji
mwVK gxgvskv K‡í bex-ivQyj‡`i Avwef©ve nq| †Kvivb
†`Lyb:
Kv-bvbœv-Qy D¤§vZvD Iqvwn`vn-- gy¯—vKxg| [2: evKviv213] A_©: gbyl¨ RvwZ GKB `jf‚³, GKK RvwZ| AZtci
Avj−vn bexMY‡K mymsev` `vZv I gxgvskvKvix wnmv‡e
g‡bvbqb K‡ib| gvby‡li g‡a¨ †h welq gZ‡f` m„wó
n‡qwQj ZviB my¯úó gxgvskvi Rb¨| wKš‘ wnsmvi Kvi‡YB
Zviv Zv †g‡b †bq bv|
c~‡e©I ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, Beªvnx‡gi [mv] cÖv_©bv I Avj−vni
cÖwZkÖ“wZ †gvZv‡eK hy‡M hy‡M AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj g‡bvbxZ
n‡q‡Qb; hviv mK‡jB cÖwZkÖ“Z bex| gvÎ cÖvq 28/29 Rb
bex-ivQyj‡`i K_vB †Kviv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q; evwK‡`i K_v
D‡j−L Kiv nq wb| Avi Gfv‡eB AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx
MÖš’mg~n bvwRj nq; ¯’vb Kvj I fvlv †f‡`i cv_©K¨ Qvov
weav‡bi †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB| Avj−vni Qybœv‡Z Kv‡j-Kv‡j
cwieZ©b, cwiea©b, ms‡hvRb ev ms‡KvPb nq bv; KviY
Avj−vn gb-gMRavix bb wKsev wn›`y, †gvm‡jg A_ev m„ó
wKQy bb| †Kvivb †`Lyb:
ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ †Zvgvi c~‡e© hv‡`i g‡bvbxZ K‡iwQjvg,
Zv‡`i †¶‡ÎI wQj GKB QybœZ [weavb] Ges Zzwg Avgvi
Qybœv‡Z [weav‡b] KLbI †Kvb cwieZ©b ev e¨wZµg cv‡e
bv| [17:ewb-BmivBj-77; 35:dvwZi-43]
bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾, hvKvZ, Beªvnx‡gi [mv] Avgj
†_‡KB ejer Kiv n‡q‡Q; mKj a‡g©B †ewk-Kg AvRI
we`¨gvb; wKš‘ weK…Z Ae¯’vq|
gvbe †Mvwô‡K hv †`qvi Zv Avgv‡`i evev Av`g, ag©
wcZv Beªvnx‡gi (mv) gva¨‡gB †`qv n‡q‡Q; hv‡K hveZxq,
mKj wKQy [bvg] wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb, Avj−vn wKQyB evwK

iv‡Lwb| mgvR Kv‡j Kv‡j fy‡j †M‡j, weåvš— n‡j bexivQyj‡`i gva¨‡g cybive„wË NUvb gvÎ| †Kviv‡b GKwU gvÎ
weavbI †bB, hv byZb e‡j †KD cÖgvY Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
AZGe mKj bexB H GKB weav‡bi cÖwZkÖ“Z cÖeZ©K,
ms¯‹viK I msi¶K; Bgvg ev †bZv| AZGe KvD‡K †QvUeo, mv¤cÖ`vwqK-Avš—R©vwZK aviYv ev cÖgvb Kivi duvK‡duvKo †bB| eis Avj−vn I bex‡`i g‡a¨ hviv cv_©K¨
K‡i, Zv‡`i‡K †Kvivb Kv‡di, dv‡QK I Rv‡jg †NvlYv
K‡i| †`Lyb:
1. K¡zj! Avgvbœv we-j−vwn-- gyQ‡jgyb| [3:Bgivb-84]
A_©: ej! Avgiv Avj−vn‡Z Ges Avgv‡`i cÖwZ hv
AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Ges Beªvnxg, BmgvBj, BmnvK, BqvKze
I Zvi eskaiM‡Yi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Ges hv gyQv,
Cmv I Ab¨vb¨ bexMY‡K Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU
†_‡K cÖ`vb Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z Cgvb G‡bwQ| Avgiv
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †KvbiKg cv_©K¨ Kwi bv Ges ZvnviB
wbKU AvÍmgc©YKvix|
2. Av-gvbvi ivQyjy-- gvwQi| [2: evKviv-285] A_©:
ivQyj, Zvi cÖwZ Zvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki c¶ †_‡K hv
AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z †m [ivQyj] Cgvb G‡b‡Q Ges
f³MYI [gygxb]| Zv‡`i mK‡jB GKK Avj−vn‡Z,
wdwi¯—vM‡Y, wKZvemg~‡n Ges ivQyjM‡Y Cgvb G‡b‡Q|
Zviv e‡j! Avgiv Zvi ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ †KvbiKg
cv_©K¨ Ávb Kwi bv| Zviv e‡j, ÔAvgiv [Dwj−wLZ
weavb] ï‡bwQ Ges ¯^xKvi K‡iwQ Ges cvjY K‡iwQ| †n
Avgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK! Avgiv †Zvgvi ¶gv PvB †ZvgviB
wbKU Avgv‡`i cÖZ¨veZ©b|
3. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- AvRvev¤§yweb| [4: wbQv-150,151 ]
A_©: hviv Avj−vn I Zvi ivQyjMY‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i
Ges Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i Ges
e‡j, ÔAvgiv KZK‡K wek¦vm Kwi Ges KZK‡K
cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kwi A_ev Bnv‡`i ga¨eZ©x †Kvb c_
Aej¤^b K‡i ; cÖK…Zc‡¶ BnvivB Kvwdi Ges
Kvwdi‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q wbK…ó kvw¯—i e¨e¯’v|
4. A j−vRxbv-- ivwng| [4: wbQv-152] A_©: hviv Avj−vn

178

Ges Zvi ivQyjM‡Y Cgvb Av‡b Ges Zv‡`i G‡Ki
mwnZ Ac‡ii cv_©K¨ K‡i bv Zv‡`i‡K wZwb cyi¯‹vi
w`‡eb, Ges Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, `qvjy|
bex-ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ Ávb, ¸Y I kw³‡Z †h cv_©K¨ wQj
e‡U!| Avi GB wbæ AvqvZwU wb‡qB kwiqZ †ewk
evovevwo K‡i _v‡Kb, †`Lyb:
wZjKvi ivQyjy -- [2: evKviv-253] A_©:GB ivQyjMY,
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ G‡Ki Zzjbvq Ab¨‡K ¶gZvevb K‡iwQ ;
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb †Kn i‡q‡Qb hvi m‡½ Avj−vn K_v
e‡j‡Qb, Avevi Kvnv‡KI D”P ¶gZv `vb K‡i‡Qb, gwiqg
Zbq Cmv‡K ¯úô wb`k©b `vb K‡iwQ, cweÎ AvÍv Øviv
kw³kvjx K‡iwQ--|
Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z bex‡`i g‡a¨ ¸Yv¸‡Yi cv_©K¨
†`Lv‡Z wM‡q gyn¤§‡`i [mv] D`vniY bv w`‡q eis gyQv (mv)
Ges Cmvi (mv) bvgwU cÖavb D`vniY wnmv‡e Zz‡j aiv
n‡q‡Q ; AZtci wb‡æ ÔmKj bexB wek¦ bexÕ ewY©Z
Avqv‡Z Cmv I Beªvnxg‡K (mv) ÔBnKvj I ciKv‡ji
†bZv,Õ ag© wcZv e‡j †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i †Kv_vI
gyn¤§`‡K (mv) ÔingZzwj−j AvjvwgbÕ ejv n‡q‡Q, Abyiƒc
gyQv‡KI (mv) ingZzwj−j Avjvwgb Ôwe‡k¦i Rb¨ ingZÕ Ges
Zvi †KZv‡e ÔhveZxq mKj wKQyi D‡j−L Av‡QÕ A_©vr c~Y©
†KZve e‡j ewY©Z Av‡Q|
g~jZt cv_©K¨¸wj bex‡`i cÖPvi-cªwZôv ev mvd‡j¨i
Bw½Z gvÎ| ¯’vb, Kvj I cv·f‡` mgvR‡K mnRfv‡e
c‡_ Avbvi Rb¨ mgvR I mgqKvj Dc‡hvMx Ávb I Kjv†KŠkj gvÎ| AZtci †K †QvU Avi †K eo Zv wbw`©ó K‡i
†Kvb †KZv‡eB mbv³ K‡i wb; eis G wb‡q cv_©K¨ m„wó
Kiv nvivg e‡j †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| AviI cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †h
mKj AvqvZ w`‡q Ab¨ bex‡`i‡K †QvU ev mv¤cÖ`vwqK
cÖgvY Kivi e¨_© †Póv Kiv nq; wVK AweKj Ges GKvwaK
AvqvZ nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] Rb¨I eiv× Av‡Q| †Kvivb
†`Lyb:
1. AKv RvwjKv-- [42: ïiv-7] A_©: Gfv‡e Avwg
†Zvgvi cÖwZ Aviex fvlvq ‡Kvivb AeZxY© K‡iwQ hv‡Z
Zzwg gK¡v I Zvi Pvi cv‡k©i †jvK‡`i [Aviex fvlv-

fvlx‡`i] mZK© Ki‡Z cvi--|
2. †j ZzbwRiv KvIgv-- [36: Bqvwmb-6] A_©: Ggb GK
RvwZi Rb¨ †Zvgv‡K cvwV‡qwQ, hv‡`i c~e© cyi“l‡`i
Gi Av‡M mZK© Kiv nq wb, hvi d‡j Zviv Mvwdj
wQj|
3. Kv Rv‡jKv-- [13: ivÕ`-30]| A_©: GBfv‡e Avwg
†Zvgv‡K cvwV‡qwQ GKwU RvwZi R‡b¨, hvi c~‡e© eû
RvwZ MZ n‡q‡Q--|
4. Agv KzbZv-- Bqv ZvRv°vi“b| [28: Kvmvm-46] A_©:-hv‡Z Zzwg Ggb GK m¤cÖ`vq‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cvi,
hv‡`i wbKU †Zvgvi c~‡e© †Kvb mZK©Kvix Av‡mwb,
†hb Zviv Dc‡`k MÖnb K‡i|
5. nvRv-- AvwRdvZz| [53: bRg-56] A_©: AZx‡Zi
mZK©Kvix‡`i gZB BwbI GKRb mZK©Kvix gvÎ|
‡h AvqvZwU w`‡q gynv¤§`‡K (mv) me© †kªó bex, bex‡`i
mi`vi e‡j e¨_© †Póv Kiv nq:
dvKvBdv-- kvwn`vb| [4: wbQv- 41] A_©:hLb cÖ‡Z¨K
D¤§Z †_‡K GKRb mv¶x Dcw¯’Z Kie Ges †Zvgv‡K
Zv‡`i wei“‡× mv¶xiƒ‡c Dcw¯’Z Kie ZLb Kx Ae¯’v n‡e?
AvqvZwU‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, cÖ‡Z¨K D¤§‡Zi Rb¨ mv¶x
¯^iƒc Zv‡`i ¯^ ¯^ bex‡K Dcw¯’Z Kiv n‡e| GLv‡b
cwi¯‹vi †h, AZxZ D¤§‡Zi Dci Zv‡`i ¯^ ¯^ bex Qvov
‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) ‡KvbB `vq-`vwqZ¡, KZ©e¨ ev KZ…©Z¡ †bB|
AZGe wePv‡ii Rb¨ evKx _v‡K gvÎ †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv)
D¤§ZMY| myZivs Avqv‡Z Dwj−wLZ ÔZv‡`iÕ ej‡Z
Ô‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) D¤§Z bv ey‡S eis AZxZ mKj bex‡`i
ey‡S †bqvi wZj cwigvY hyw³-cÖgvb †bB| myZivs
kwiq‡Zi GB f~j e¨vL¨v †gvm‡jg RvwZi Rb¨ AvZ¥NvZx
n‡q‡Q; KviY GB åvš— `k©bwU cÖPvi cÖwZôv Kivq ‡gvm‡jg
RvwZ AvR mKj RvwZi †Pv‡L kΓ e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡q cïcw¶i gZ wbab n‡”Q, n‡”Q †eB¾Zx | g~jZt bex-ivQyj
gv‡bB wek¦ bex:
Beªvnxg [mv]:
1. ABwReZvjv-Beªvnxgv-- ¾vwjgxb| [2: evKviv-

179

124] A_©: Ges ¯§iY K‡iv! Beªvnxg‡K Zvi cÖwZcvjK
Zvi f‡³i cix¶v wb‡jb Avi Zv‡Z †m DËxY© n‡jv;
ZLb Avj−vn †NvlYv Ki‡jb, ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡K gvbe
RvwZi †bZv g‡bvbxZ Kijvg|--|]
2. AgvB BqviMvey-- Q‡jnxb| [ 2:evKviv-130] A_©:
ee©i, Kv‡di e¨ZxZ Beªvnx‡gi ag©v`k© †_‡K Avi †K
wegyL n‡e| we‡k¦i ey‡K Avwg Zv‡K g‡bvbxZ K‡iwQ,
ciKv‡jI †m mrKg©x‡`i Aš—f©~³|
gyQv [mv]:
1. Qy¤§v Av-ZvB-bv gyQv-- BDwgbyb| [6:AvbAvg-154]
A_©: mr Kg©kxj‡`i Rb¨ gyQv‡K w`‡qwQjvg wKZve;
Zv‡Z wQj mg¯— wKQyi e¨vL¨v (c~Y©), c_ wb‡`©k I ingZ
[ingvZzj−xj Avjvgxb]|
2. K¡v-jv Bqv- gyQv-- k¦v-wKixb| [7:Avivd-144] A_©:
ej‡jb, †n gyQv! Avwg †Zvgv‡K Avgvi †cÖiYv
[†iQvjZ] I evK¨ [Awn] w`‡q gvbyl RvwZi g‡a¨ †kªôZv
w`‡qwQ; myZivs Avwg hv w`jvg Zv AvK‡o _v‡Kv I
K…ZÁZv ¯^xKvi K‡iv|
`vD` [mv]:
1. Bqv `vD`y-- Av‡Ø© | [38:mvÕ` 26] A_©: †n `vD`!
Avwg †Zvgv‡K we‡k¦i cÖwZwbwa K‡iwQ--|
Cmv [mv]:
1. GR K¡v-jvwZ-- gyKviivexb| [3:Bgivb-45]| A_©:
¯§iY Ki! hLb wdwikZvMY ej‡jv, †n gwiqvg! Avj−vn
†Zvgv‡K Zvi c¶ †_‡K GKwU mymsev` w`‡”Qb; Zvi
bvg gmxn, gwiqv‡gi †Q‡j Cmv; †m mgMÖ we‡k¦ GgbwK
ciKv‡jI m¤§v‡bi AwaKvix Ges †mI m¤§vbxZM‡Yi
GKRb|
mKj bexMYB wek¦ bex:
1. Bbœvj−vnv-- Av-jvgxb| [3:Bgivb-33] A_©: Av`g‡K,
byn‡K I Beªvnx‡gi eskai‡K Ges Bgiv‡bi eskai‡K
wek¦ RM‡Z †kªôZv `vb K‡i‡Qb|
2. A Anve bv-- Av jvgxb| [6:AvbAvg-84-86] A_©:
Ges Zv‡K `vb K‡iwQjvg BmnvK I BqvKze-- c~‡e©
byn‡KI, Ges Zvi eskai `vD`, myjvqgvb, Avqye,

BDmyd, gymv I nviƒb‡KI-- Ges RvKvixqv, BqvnBqv,
Cmv Ges Bwjqvm‡KI, Av‡iv mrc‡_ cwiPvwjZ
K‡iwQjvg BmgvBj, Avj- Bqvmv, BDbym I jyZ‡K;
Ges †kªôZ¡ w`‡qwQjvg wek¦-RM‡Zi Dci cÖ‡Z¨K‡K|
Gevi j¶bxq wek¦¯’ I mrKg©xMYB m„wói †kªó:
bex-ivQyj‡Zv `~‡ii K_v; GKRb mvaviY wek¦¯’ f³ I
mrKg©x hw` mgMÖ m„wói †miv n‡Z cv‡i! ZLb bexivQyj‡`i‡K wb‡q A‡nZzK Ges Ae©vPx‡bi gZ †QvU-eo,
Avš—R©vwZK-mv¤cÖ`vwqK BZ¨vw` wePvi we‡k−lY K‡i ivq
cª`vb Kivi A_© ¯^qs Avj−vni Dci KZ©©„Z¡ Kiv, hv
mvavi‡Yi c‡¶ fqven Kzdzix KvR! †`Lyb:
Bbœvj−vRxbv Av-gvby-- evwiBq¨vn [98: evBwq¨bvn-7]
A_©: hviv wek¦¯’ I mrKg©x, ZvivB m„wói †kªô|
GB we¯§qKi mvg¨ev‡`i †NvlYv ïay †Kviv‡bB bq !
eis cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’B _vKv ¯^vfvweK|
AZGe, GZ`m¤^wÜq Qwnn& [?] nvw`m¸wj g~jZt †h Qwnn&
bq eis †Kvivb wei“× Ges gnvbexi bv‡g ¸i“Zi Kj¼,
G¶‡Y Avkv Kwi Kv‡iv wØav-`‡›Øi AeKvk †bB| AZGe,
Kv‡iv bv‡gi c‡i: (Avt), (Qvt), (mvt) BZ¨vw` wj‡L ev
e‡j gvÎ Av¶wiK cv_©K¨ Ávb KivI Avi mgxPxb bq|
e¯‘Ztc‡¶ we‡klY¸wji A_©I GK; ïay eY©, k‡ãi
cv_©K¨ G‡b †QvU-eo Kivi AwfcÖvq g~L©Zv gvÎ! †hgb:
(Av:)= AvjvB‡n”Qvjvg A_©: Zvnvi Dc‡i [Avj−vni] kvwš—;
(mv, Qv)= mv‡j−j−vû AvjvB‡n AQvj−vg A_©: Avj−vni kvwš—
Zvnvi Dc‡i Ges kvwš—; GgbwK Qvjvgy AjvBKzg A_©:
Avcbv‡`i Dc‡i [Avj−vni] kvwš—|
†f‡e ‡`Lv DwPr †h, mvaviY gvby‡li †`vqv `yiƒ` Qvov&B
hLb Zuviv bex-ivQyj n‡q‡Qb, ZLb Avi gvbyl-Agvby‡li
†LZve cÖ`vb,†`vqv, `yiƒ`, Avkxe©v`, kvdv‡qZ BZ¨vw`
Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvRb ‡bB, eis a„óZv e‡jB g‡b nq| AZGe
GZ`m¤^Üxq wbæ AvqvZwUi A_© Abyev` bZzb K‡i
M‡elYvi `iKvi:
ÔBbœvj−vnv Agvjv‡qKvZvû BDQvwj−Dbv Avjvb bvex--|Õ
[33: AvnRve-56]
cÖPwjZ Abyev`: Avj−vn I †d‡i¯—vMY bexi cÖwZ bvgvR

180

(`yi“`) c‡ob; †n gywgbMY! †ZvgivI Zvi cÖwZ bvgvR
(`yi“`) c‡ov|
c¶vš—‡i †cÖiYvcªvß gwReyj n‡Ki fveev`x Abyev`::
ÒRMr ¯^vgx †cÖgvb›`
Kg©vK‡g© gnv Avb›`|
Ggwb GKwU dzj
dzU‡Q †i AvRcwZZ ågvÜ emyÜvivq|
g~bx Flx dwKi
mvay AvDwjqv cxi
Kzjiƒn I gvjv‡qKvZ
me© D”P †kªYxi
mgª‡g †bvqvq kxi
evZ©ven cvq|Ó
*
60 †e`-MxZvq g~wZ© cyRv wbwl×; Mi“ LvIqv, Kei †`qv
wm×
g~wZ© c~Rv:
cÖPwjZ gywZ© cyRv †e` KLbI mg_©b K‡i wb eis we‡ivwaZv
K‡i‡Q:
ÔAvÁv hRwš— we‡k¦ks cvlvYvw`ly me©`vÕ-fMevb gywZ©‡Z bb|
fMevb me©f‚‡Z| myZivs me©f‚‡Zi fRbvB Ck¦‡ii Dcvmbv|
me©f~Zw¯’Zs †hv gvs fR‡Z¨KZ¡gvw¯’ZÕ- BZ¨vw` 6/31 I 223
c„; evs.MxZv: c„: 37 ] A_©: †h me© f‚‡Z Aew¯’Z bvivqvb‡K
D‡c¶v K‡i gywZ©‡Z bvivq‡bi AP©bv K‡i, †m f‡¯§
N„ZvûwZ†`q| [evs MxZv; c„: 37, †gŠp¨v™¢¤§‡b¨i Ry†nvwZ m:
224 c„:]
Mi“i gvsm:
GwU mK‡jiB Rvbv †h gywZ©ev` ev †cŠËwjK RvwZ †_‡KB
†gvmjgvb‡`i DrcwË ev AvMgY| Dwj−wLZ †e‡`i Av‡jv‡K
†gvmjgvbMY wn›`y _vKve¯’vqB Mi“ †L‡Zv A_©vr c~e© cyi“l wn›`y
†_‡KB Mi“i gvsm LvIqv wk‡L‡Q|
m¤cÖwZ fvi‡Zi cÖv³b cÖavbgš¿x †gŠjev`x Rbve AUj
wenvwi evRcvqx †Mvc‡b Mi“i gvsm †L‡q‡Qb e‡j KwZcq
wn›`yMY Zv‡K Awfhy³ K‡ib hv Av‡gwiKvi cwÎKvqI cÖKvk

cvq| GB Awf‡hvM LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ Avcb Rxe‡bi Dci KQg
†L‡q †NvlYv K‡ib †h, wZwb g‡i †h‡Z ivwR wKš‘ Mi“i gvsm
Lvb wb ev Lv‡eb bv| wn›`y †gŠjev‡`i cÖavb ¸i“ ev Bgvg n‡qI
†e`-MxZv m¤^‡Ü Zvi wZj cwigvY aviYv †bB| A_P †mB
a‡g©i †`vnvB w`‡qB wZwb w`weŸ ivR ¶gZv `Lj K‡iwQ‡jb|
wn›`y‡`i Mi“ LvIqv †e‡`i †Kv_vI wbwl× †bB; eis Mi“
LvIqvi weavb †e‡`B mg_©b K‡i, †`Lyb:
Ò--e„‡li gvsk [†e`:1/164/43], gwn‡li gvsm [†e`:
5/29/8], A‡Ri gvsm [†e`:1/162/3] LvIqv n‡Zv|-AviI ejv n‡q‡Q ciw¯^bx Mvfx gvby‡li fRbxq [
†e`:4/1/6]|-- ‡Mv nZ¨v ¯’v‡b MvfxMY nZ¨v n‡Zv
[†e`:10/89/14]| B‡›`ªi Rb¨ †Mverm DrmM© Kiv n‡q‡Q|
[FK‡e`:10:86:14]| GgbwK Dcwbl` ej‡Q: Ô†e`Ávb jvf
Ki‡Z n‡j, ¯^v¯’¨ev` mš—vb jvf Ki‡Z n‡j luv‡oi gvsm
LvIqv Ri“ix|Ó
Mi“I gvsm LvIqvi AmsL¨ `wjj cÖgvb m¤^wjZ bx‡Pi
BsivwR cÖwZ‡e`bwU B›Uvi‡bU †_‡K msMÖn Kiv n‡q‡Q:
Ancient Hindus Ate The Cow

Motiram Ugdev, India
It is interesting to note that the cow used to be
slaughtered by the ancient Hindus to enjoy its beef,
entertain the guests and offer it as sacrifice to their
deities.
[Mahatma] Gandhi himself says, "I know there are
scholars who tell us that cow-sacrifice is mentioned in
the Vedas. I... read a sentence in our Sanskrit textbook to the effect that Brahmins of old [period] used to
eat beef" [M.K. Gandhi, Hindu Dharma, New Delhi,
1991, p. 120].
He, however, refrained from showing enough courage
in clearly speaking the truth, may be because he did
not like to hurt the sentiments of the people who were
the main source of his political strength.
There are clear evidences in the Rig Veda, the most

181

sacred Hindu scripture, that the cow used to be
sacrificed by Hindus for religious purposes. For
instance, Hymn CLXIX of the Rig Veda says:
"May the wind blow upon our cows with healing; may
they eat herbage ... Like-colored various-hued or
single- colored whose names through sacrifice are
known to Agni, Whom the Angirases produced by
Fervor - vouchsafe to these, Parjanya, great.
protection. Those who have offered to the gods their
bodies whose varied forms are all well known to
Soma" [The Rig Veda (RV), translated by Ralph H.
Griffith, New York, 1992, p. 647].
In the Rig Veda (RV: VIII.43.11) Agni is described as
"fed on ox and cow" suggesting that cattle were
sacrificed and roasted in fire. Another hymn (RV:
X.16.7) mentions the ritual enveloping of the corpse
with cow flesh before applying the fire on it.
In the Brahmanas at 1.15 in the Aiteriya Brahmana,
the kindling of Agni on the arrival of King Some is
compared to the slaughter of a bull or a barren cow on
the arrival of a human king or other dignitary.
Similarly, at II.1.11.1 in the Taiteriya Brahmana and
XXXI.14.5 in the Panchavinsha Brahmana, the rishi
Agastya is credited with the slaughter of a hundred
bulls.
In verse III.1.2.21 in the Satapatha Brahmana, sage
Yajnavalkaya asserts that even though the cow is the
supporter of everyone, he would eat beef "if it is
luscious."
At IV.5-2.1 in the same Brahmana, it is said that a
barren cow can be slaughtered in the Some sacrifice.
Not only for religious purposes, but also for other
purposes one could kill a cow and eat beef.
Thus at II.4.2 of the same Brahmana, it is suggested
that a fat bull or fat goat should be sacrificed in honour
of an important guest.

Similarly, the Brihadaranyaka Upanishada (VI.4.18)
advises a couple to take an evening meal of beef or
veal pulao, if they desire to beget a son who is learned
in the Vedas [Robert Trumbull, As I see India ,
London, 1957, p.241].
"When a man finds that his wife is having her period,
he should make sure that she does not drink from a
metal cup or wear fresh clothes for three days. Nor
should a low-caste man or woman be allowed to touch
her. When the three days are over and she has taken
her bath, he should get her to thresh some rice. 'I want
a son with a fair complexion who will master a single
Veda and live out his full life span' -- if this is his
wish, he should get her to cook that rice with milk, and
the two of them should eat it mixed with ghee. The
couple thus becomes capable of begetting such a son. 'I
want a son with a ruddy complexion and tawny eyes
who will master two Vedas and live out his full life
span' -- if this is his wish, he should get her to cook
that rice with curd, and the two of them should eat it
mixed with ghee. The couple thus becomes capable of
begetting such a son. 'I want a son with a dark
complexion and reddish eyes who will master three
Vedas and live out his full life span' -- if this is his
wish, he should get her to cook that rice in water and
the two of them should eat it mixed with ghee. The
couple thus becomes capable of begetting such a son. 'I
want a learned daughter who will live out her full life
span' -- if this is his wish, he should get her to cook
that rice with sesame seeds and the two of them should
eat it mixed with ghee. The couple thus becomes
capable of begetting such a daughter. 'I want a learned
and famous son, a captivating orator assisting at
councils, who will master all the Vedas and live out
his full life span' -- if this is his wish, he should get her
to cook that rice with meat and the two of them should

182

eat it mixed with ghee. The couple thus becomes
capable of begetting such a son. The meat may be that
of a young or a fully grown bull (veal or beef). Then,
towards morning, following the same ritual procedure
as at the cooking of the pot of milk-rice, he should
prepare melted butter and offer portions from the pot
of milk-rice in the fire, saying: 'To fire, svaha! To
assent, svaha! To the divine Savitr, faithful in
procreation, svaha!' After making these offerings, he
takes the rest out and, after first eating himself, gives
some to his partner. After washing his hands, he fills a
pot with water and sprinkles her with it three times,
saying: 'Get up, Visvavasu, and leave this place; find
yourself some other luscious girl. This wife is here
with her husband.' Then he embraces her, as he says: 'I
am ama, you are sa -- you are sa, I am ama. I am the
Saman chant, you are the Rg verse; I am the sky, you
are the earth. Come, let us unite, deposit the seed, to
get a son, a male child.' Then he spreads apart her
thighs, saying: 'Spread apart, earth and sky.' He slips
his penis into her, presses his mouth against hers, and
strokes her three times in the direction of her hair, as
he says: 'May Visnu prepare your womb, and Tvastr
mould the forms; may Prajapati impregnate you, and
Dhatr lay the foetus in you.' " - Brhadaranyaka
Upanisad 6:4:13-21.
(Actually, more than necessary was quoted above to
show the Hindu position on beef/meat, but what the
hell, it is a hilarious Hindu ritual.)
Anyways, had the meat mentioned above been even
chicken, it would have still been extremely awkward
for the so-called vegetarian faith, but this is BEEF and
its consumption is being promoted for begetting a
learned son according to the timeless
Vedas.
Here is another scriptural quote on meat:

"Meat is indeed the best kind of food." - Satapatha
Brahmana 11:7:1:3; cf. 12:8: 3:12.
So much for ahimsa (non-violence) & vegetarianism.
Not only that, but if you have been reading other parts
of this article, you will have seen other scriptural
excerpts in which Hindu Gods themselves set an
example of eating beef (for instance, Lord Indra in
Rig-Veda Samhita & Lord Rama in Ayodhyakanda).
Lord Indra; the BEEF-Eater:
"[Sacrificer:] 'They are pressing out the impetuous,
exhilarating Soma juices with the pressing-stone, for
you, Indra. Drink them! They are cooking bulls for
you; you will eat them, generous Indra, when they
summon you with food.' " - Rig Veda 10:28:3.
"[Indra:] 'They have cooked for me fifteen bulls, and
twenty, so that I may eat the fat as well. Both sides of
my belly are full.' " - Rig Veda 10:86:14.
Even Lord Indra don't spare DOGs!
Lord Indra, although the King of Vedic Hindu Gods ,
is a totally hopeless character:
"[Indra:] 'Because I was in desperate straits, I cooked
the entrails of a DOG, and I found no one among the
gods to help me. I saw my woman dishonored. Then
the eagle brought the honey (soma) to me.' " - Rig
Veda 4: 18:13.
N O T E:
India's two most mechanized slaughter-houses,
including Al-Kabeer are located in Andhra. Al-Kabeer,
a big beef exporter, is owned by a Hindu!
Some 3.5 million Andhras are dependent on it.
[vinnomot.com]

Kei †`qv wm×
GB m¤^‡Ü cieZx© Dw³ n‡Z †`Lv hvq GB g„Z e¨w³‡K
f‚wg‡Z †cÖvw_Z Kiv nZ| c„w_ex‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i ejv n‡”Q,

183

gvZv †hgb Avcb AÂj w`‡q cy·K Av”Qv`b K‡i †Zgb
c„w_ex †hb Zv‡K Av”Qv`b K‡i| G n‡Z g‡b nq f‚wg‡Z
†cÖvw_Z Kiv g„Z‡`n mrKv‡ii ZLb Ab¨Zg ixwZ wQj|
[†e`: 1g LÛ-72]|
***

civ‡_©

Aóg Aa¨vq
61 ag© wbi‡c¶Zv
Avj−vn gvbyl m„„wó K‡i `yÕwU c_ evZ&‡j w`‡q‡Qb:
1. K…ZÁ, †gv‡gb,f³ A_©vr Avw¯—K| 2. AK…ZÁ,
we‡`ªvnx (kqZvb/Bewjm) Kvwdi A_©vr bvw¯—K| A_©vr
kvwš—-Akvwš—ev`|
Df‡qi DcKvi-AcKvi, cwiYvg-djvdj m¤^‡Ü
†Kviv‡b wek` e¨vL¨vmn wee„Z n‡q‡Q| GI ejv n‡q‡Q †h,
Wvb c‡_ Avj−vbyf‚wZ ev Avj−vn kw³ cÖvß n‡q Ôkvwš—ev`

Ges evg c‡_ Bewjmvbyf‚wZ ev kqZvb kw³ fi& K‡i
Akvwš—ev` cÖwZóv n‡e| AZtci ¶gZv w`‡q‡Qb, †h
†Kvb c‡_ Pjvi c~Y© ¯^vaxbZv, A_©vr c~Y© wbi‡c¶Zv| †h,
†h c‡_B hv‡e Avj−vn Zv‡K mvnvh¨ Ki‡e| wKš‘ djvdj
Zv‡KB †fvM Ki‡Z n‡e| Avj−vn gbyl¨ Kg©v-K‡g©i jvf¶wZi avi av‡i bv| `ywbqvi mKj gvbyl †gv‡gb n‡j
Avj−vni †hgb Avb‡›`i wKQy †bB Z`ª“c mKj gvbyl
wec_Mvgx n‡jI Avj−vni `ytL Kivi †Kvb †nZz †bB| ¯^ ¯^
Kg©v-K‡g©i, ag©v-a‡g©i jvf-¶wZ, cvc-cyY¨, Kj¨vYAKj¨vY wbR‡KB †fvM wejvm Ki‡Z n‡e|
†Kvivb †`Lyb:
1. Anv`vBbv- ûbœv- R¡`vBb| [90:evjv`-10] A_©: Avwg
wK Zv‡K `yÕwU c_ †`LvBwb?
2. Bbœv- û`vBbv-- vdziv| [76:`vni-3] A_©: Avwg Zv‡K
c_ evZ‡j w`‡qwQ; nq †m gvb‡e, bv nq †m gvb‡e
bv|
3. jvnv gv KvQvevZ& --[ 2: evKviv-286] A_©: †m fvj
hv K‡i Zv ZviB Ges g›` hv K‡i ZvI ZviB|
a‡g©i ¯^vaxbZv ev wbi‡c¶Zvi A_© ag©nxbZv, ag©
weg~LZv, ag© A¯^xKvi ev we‡ivaxZv bq| Ô†mKzjvwiRgÕ Gi
m‡½ Ôag© wbi‡c¶ZvÕi m¤úK© Mfxi _vK‡jI cÖPwjZ
†mKzjvwiRg ag©nxbZviB ¯^v¶i enb K‡i; wKš‘ ÔKg©
gv‡bB ag©Õ Áv‡b †gŠjev`x‡`i †P‡q Zviv A‡bK D‡×©|
e¯‘Zc‡¶ ag©nxYZvB Zv‡`i ag© ev a‡g©i we‡ivwaZvB
Zv‡`i ag©|
¯^-¯^ wek¦vm, I ag© cvj‡bi c~Y© AwaKvi, ¯^vaxbZv I
wbivcËv weavbB ag© wbi‡c¶Zv ev kvwš—ev`x gš¿| AvKvkevZvm, P›`ª-m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î‡K wbi‡c¶ Ávb Ki‡j, I‡`i
mªóv, mªóvi mªóv‡K mv¤cÖ`vwqK fvev hyw³m½Z bq|
Avj−vn KvjvKvj †f`x wbi‡c¶; Avi ZvB e‡jB
Bewj‡mi AvcwËRbK AvcwËiI Aby‡gv`b K‡i Zvi
K‡g©i b¨vh¨ dj cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qb| Avj−vn ev Avj−vn kw³
GgbwK Bewjm kw³ ûeû cÖK…wZ Abyiƒc; Dnv‡`i e¨w³ ev
mv¤cÖ`vwqK fvevB Kzdzix| AvKvk, evZvm, wel,
†Mvjveviƒ` Avi gay-myavi †K wbi‡c¶ Avi †KB ev

184

mv¤cÖ`vwqK| Ávb-weÁvb, M‡elYvq cÖK…wZi gnvfvÛvi
e¨envi K‡i †h hZ Kj¨vY-AKj¨v‡Y jvMv‡Z cv‡i| Ges
Kg© gv‡bB Zvi wµqv-cÖwZwµqv, jvf ev †Qvqve ev cvc
Aek¨¤¢vex|
Bmjvg A_©B Ômvg¨ev`, kvwš—ev`Õ ev ÔJugÕ ; Dnvi ˆewkó
cwikªg, Z¨vM ev †mev; djvdj: eÜzZ¡; eÜzZ¡ n‡jB kvwš—
ev` ev Bmjvg cÖwZóv nq; Avi GB g‡š¿ w`w¶Z Ki‡Z
PvB‡j f`ª, bgª I AgvwqK e¨envi Ges Kj¨vYKi djvdj
cÖ`k©bB cÖavb kZ©| AZtci gvb‡j fv‡jv bv gvb‡j ¶wZ
†bB, †kvK-ZvcI †bB| wKš‘ kw³ cÖ‡qvM ev AvµgY Pzovš—
nvivg; Avµvš— n‡j ïaygvÎ AvZ¥ i¶vB nvjvj ev Pzovš—
AwaKvi|
ag© wbi‡c¶Zv aviY Kivi Rb¨ gnvbexi cÖwZ Avj−vni
wb‡`©k:
1. Bbœv - AvbRvjbv-- e AwKj| [39:hygvi-41] A_©:
gvby‡li Rb¨ Avwg †Zvgvi wbKU mZ¨ mbvZb evYx `vb
K‡iwQ; AZtci hw` †m mrc_ aviY K‡i, †m Zv
wb‡Ri Rb¨B Ki‡e; Avi hw` Amr c_ aviY
K‡i,Z‡e ZvI †m wb‡Ri Rb¨B Ki‡e| wKš‘ Zzwg
[†gvnv¤§`] Zv‡`i Dci Lei`vix Kivi [†RviRei`w¯—] †KD bI|
2. bvn&by-- gvBqvLv-dz AÕC`| [50:K¡vd-45] A_©: Iiv
hv e‡j Zv Avwg Rvwb; wKš‘ I‡`i Dci †Rvihei`w¯—i Rb¨ †Zvgv‡K wbhy³ Kwiwb; ZvB †h Avgvi
kvw¯—‡K fq K‡i, Zv‡KB ïay †Kviv‡bi gva¨‡gB
Dc‡`k w`‡Z cvi|
3. jv-BKiv-nv wdØxb-- gbvj M¦vBwq¨| [2:evKviv256] A_©: ag©v-a‡g©© †Kvb cÖKvi hyjyg Rei`w¯— †bB;
†h‡nZz mZ¨ AmZ¨ `yÕ†UvB my¯úó|
4. jvBQv AvjvBKv-- gvCqvmvD| [2:evKviv-272] A_©:
Zv‡`i mr c‡_ Avbvi `vq-`vwqZ¡ Avcbvi bq;
Avj−vn hv‡K B”Qv mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡ib|
5. Bbœv AvjvBbv-- jvj û`v| [92:jvqj-12] A_©:
Avgvi KvR ïay Dc‡`k †`qv gvÎ|
6. Ajv ZvZiƒw`j−vRxbv-- wgbv¾‡jgxb| [6:AvbAvg-

52] A_©: hviv Zv‡`i cÖwZcvjK‡K cÖfv‡Z I mܨvq
Zvi mš‘wó jv‡fi Rb¨ Avivabv K‡i, Zv‡`i Zzwg
Zvwo‡q w`I bv| Zv‡`i K‡g©i Revew`wni `vwqZ¡
†Zvgvi bq; Ges †Zvgvi †Kvb K‡g©i Revew`wni
`vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i b‡n| Zzwg Zv‡`i weZvwoZ Ki‡j Zzwg
Aek¨B Rvwjg‡`i Aš—f©~³ n‡e|
7. AKv¾vev wewn-- we AwKj| [6:AvbAvg 66] A_©:
†Zvgvi m¤cÖ`vq †Zv Dnv‡K wg_¨v e‡j‡Q A_P DnvB
mZ¨ mwVK| ej! Avwg †Zvgv‡`i Dci `v‡ivMv bwn|
8. Agv Avjv-- qvËvKzb| [6:AvbAvg 69] A_©: Dnv‡`i
K‡g©i `vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i b‡n, hviv mveavbZv Aej¤^b
K‡i; Z‡e Dc‡`k †`Iqv Zv‡`i KZ©e¨ hv‡Z DnvivI
mveavb n‡Z cv‡i|
9. D`D Bjv-- wej gynZvw`b| [16:bvnj-125] A_©:
hyw³c~Y© Dc‡`k I Kjv †KŠk‡ji gva¨‡g Zzwg Zv‡`i
Avj−vni c‡_ AvnŸvb Ki; Zv‡`i m‡½ f`ª, bgª I
AgvwqK e¨envi Ki| †K c‡_ Av‡m Avi †K
wec_Mvgx nq †m m¤^‡Ü †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK AeMZ
Av‡Qb|
Ab¨ a‡g©i cÖwZ m¤§vb I mshZ _vKvi wb‡`©k AbymiYxq:
10. Ajv ZvQyeŸyj−vRxbv-- qvjvgyb| [6:AvbAvg-108]
A_©: hviv Avj−vn Qvov Ab¨ wKQy‡Z wek¦vm K‡i Zv‡`i
N„Yv KwiI bv, KviY ZvivI Abyiƒc Kivi AwaKvi
cv‡e| hvi hvi ag©-Kg© wek¦vm Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q
AvKl©Yxq K‡iwQ; hLb Avj−vni `iev‡i nvwRi n‡e
ZLb Avj−vnB Zvi gxgvsmv Ki‡eb|
kvwš— [Bmjvg] Z_v ag© cÖwZôvi bv‡g GKgvÎ ¶gZv `L‡ji
j‡¶¨ mgv‡R Akvwš— [Mvqwij Bmjvg] m„wó LybvLybxi
†P‡qI Mwn©Z KvR e‡j †Kviv‡b †NvlYv K‡i| †`Lyb:
11. Aj wdZ&bvZz AvkvØy wgbvj KvZ&‡j| [2:evKviv191,217; 4:wbQv-171] A_©: mgv‡R †Mvj‡hvM,
Akvwš— m„wó Kiv LybvLybxi †P‡qI RNb¨ Aciva|
gnvbex †hLv‡bB ag© cÖPv‡i †h‡Zb, †mLv‡b Akvwš— ev
†Mvj‡hv‡Mi AvksKv †`L‡jB †Kviv‡bi evYx †NvlYv K‡i
H

185

†Mvj‡hvM Gwo‡q †h‡Zb:
12. jvKzg ØxbyKzg AwjBqvØxb| [109:Kv‡diƒb-6] A_©:
hvi hvi ag©-Kg© Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q|
AvR‡Ki kwiqZ Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji GB diR QybœZ¸wj
(cvjbxq weavb) AbymiY Ki‡j wc¯—j, †Mvjv-evi“`,
iMKvUv Z_v gmwR‡`i g‡a¨B Lyb-RLgmn mgvR I RvwZi
hveZxq Dk„sLj wek„sL¨j gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B eÜ nIqv †gv‡UB
wewPÎ bq, wewPÎ bq me©MÖvmx mv¤cÖ`vwqK `v½vi Aemvb|
ag©-Z_v Bmjv‡gi †h †hfv‡eB Zdwmi e¨vL¨v Ki“b bv
†Kb, Zvi g~j welq e¯‘ Ôkvwš—Õ| GB kvwš— kw³ hvi g‡a¨
fi K‡i †mB-B kvš—, axi, w¯’i; Gi bvgB Ô†gvQ‡jgÕ|
Ggb †jvK Øviv gvbyl Lyb †Zv bqB eis Ab¨vqfv‡e Rxe
nZ¨vI Kíbv Kiv hvq bv| Ggb †jvK Øviv mgv‡R †Kvb
wKQyiB ARynv‡Z Akvwš—, †Mvj‡hvM m„wó AKíbxq| KviY
Zvi wfZi-evwni GKgvÎ kvwš—B kvwš—; Akvwš— †ei n‡e
†Kv‡Ì‡K! AZGe, hv‡`i g‡a¨ kvwš— [Bmjvg] fi K‡i wb,
ZvivB cv‡i Lyb-Lvivwe Z_v hveZxq Akvwš— [Ab-Bmjvg]
D`MxiY K‡i mgvR Z_v Rb-Rxeb‡K `~we©mn K‡i
Zzj‡Z|
Avj−vn Qvov †Kvb e¨w³ ev `j ag©v-a‡g©i Iqvwik bq|
AZGe †e-Iqvwiwk gb-gM‡Ri ¯^‡Ë¡i Dci wbt¯^v_© I
wbtkZ© Ges mshZfv‡e n¯—‡¶c Ki‡j cÖwZwµqvi fq
_v‡K bv; Akvwš—iI AvksKv _v‡K bv| Avcb Avcb e¨w³Z¡
kvwš— myavq [Bmjv‡g] ficyi ivL‡j gvbe ev mgvR Kj¨vY
Ávb-¸Y ¯^fveZtB cÖKvk cv‡e Ges gvbyl Avcb ¯^v‡_©B
Zv MÖnY Ki‡e|
m~‡h©i Av‡jvi †`vl-¸Y eY©bv Kiv, eywS‡q †`qv
Ávbx‡`i KvR e‡U; wKš‘ Rei`w¯— K‡i nvZ-cv †e‡a
†iŠ‡`ª †d‡j ivLv wbey©w×Zvi cwiPq e‡U! ZvQvov wn‡Z
wecixZ wµqv cÖwZwµqvi m¤¢vebv _v‡K cÖPzi|
ag© wek¦vm fi K‡i Áv‡bi Dci| G Ávb Kv‡iv Dc‡i
Pvwc‡q †`qv hvq bv| hyw³m½Z, AvKl©Yxq K_v-evZ©v I
Av`k©, f‡`ªvwPZ Avjvc e¨envi Ges wbt¯^v_© †mevq AvMÖn
I AvKl©Y m„wó Ki‡Z nq| ag©vbykxjY ev cÖPv‡i ¶gZv
`L‡ji cÖkœ G‡Kev‡iB Aevš—i| gnvbex ag©-Kg© K‡i K‡i

Ô¶gZvÕ wb‡RB Zuvi cv‡qi Z‡j AvZ¥ûwZ w`‡q‡Q| c¶vš—
‡i, GKw`‡K kwiqZ ¶gZvi †jv‡f ag©‡K Anin c`vbZ
Ki‡Q; Ab¨w`‡K ayi›`i, ivRbxwZwe`MY (mK‡j bq)
ag©‡K Avjv`v K‡i gmwR`-gw›`‡i e›`x Ki‡Z Pv‡”Q|
1. Agv-RvÕAvjv-- ymwjgxbv [22:nv¾-78] A_©: wZwb
Øx‡bi e¨vcv‡i †Zvgv‡`i Dci †Kvb K‡VviZv Av‡ivc
K‡ib wb| †Zvgv‡`i ag© wcZv Beªvnx‡gi [mv:] ag©v`k©|
wZwb c~‡e©B †Zvgv‡`i bvg †i‡L‡Qb ÔgymwjgÕ Ges GB
†KZv‡eI|
2. Qy¤§v AvDnvBbv-- yk‡iKxb| [16:bvnj-123] A_©:
Avwg Avcbv‡K Awn †hv‡M wb‡`©k w`jvg †hb, Avcwb
Beªvnx‡gi [mv] ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki“b! hv ¯^Zš¿,
wbi‡c¶ I kvwš—ev`x; mnR, mij I cÖvÄj|
c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, Aeªg, eª¤§v ev BeªvnxgB [mv]
ÔBmjvgÕ A_©vr Ôkvwš—ev‡`i cÖeZ©K; †gvm‡jg ev ÔAv`k©Õ
bvgI Zvi ‡`qv Ges mKj bexMY H GKB a‡g©i ms¯‹viK
gvÎ|
Ôag© wbi‡c¶ZvÕ ag©v-a‡g©i g~j, †gŠwjK I cÖavb ¯—¤¢|
wKš‘
mKj †KZvwe‡`i g‡a¨B `j-Dc`j, `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZ;
wg_¨v, Ab¨vq, AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi; Lyb-Lvivwe, PzwiWvKvwZ, wnsmv-‡Øl, Nyl, †Rbv, wbh©vZb, ag© e¨emv,
we`¨gvb| we‡kl K‡i gymjgvb RvwZi g‡a¨B we‡klfv‡e
weØgvb| AZGe Zv‡`i Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨Uv †Kv_vq !
c¶vš—‡i, Avevi cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi g‡a¨B wKQy msL¨K
†jvK Av‡Qb, hviv Dwj−wLZ mKj †`vl-ΓwU †_‡K gy³|
Giv bgª, f`ª, Av`k©| Zv‡`i Øviv e¨w³ ev mgv‡Ri Kj¨vY
Qvov Pzj cwigvYI AKj¨vY mvwaZ nq bv| †Kviv‡bi
Av‡jv‡K RvwZ-ag©‡f‡` GivB Avj−vni cQ›`bxq;
G‡`i‡KB †Kviv‡b Aviex‡Z Ô†gvm‡jgÕ AvL¨vwqZ
K‡i‡Q|
K. ÔBmjvgB Avj−vni GKgvÎ g‡bvbxZ Øxb|Õ [3:Bgivb19] A_©vr Ôkvwš—ev`ÕB ev ÔJugÕB Dcv‡m¨i GKgvÎ
g‡bvbxZ ag©| GKZ¡ev` gv‡bB kvwš—ev`; KviY †Kn
Kv‡iv Dci `v‡ivMv wMwi Kivi my‡hvM ev AwaKvi

186

†bB|
L. Ô- Ges Bmjvg‡K †Zvgv‡`i `xb wnmv‡e g‡bvbxZ
Kijvg-| [5: gv‡q`v-3] A_©vr: Ôkvwš—ev`ÕB Pzovš— ag©
wnmv‡e M„nxZ|
M. Ò†Kn Bmjvg e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kvb Øxb MÖnY Ki‡Z PvB‡j
Zv Keyj Kiv n‡e bv|Ó[3:Bgivb-85] A_©vr †Kn kvwš—
ev` ÔJugÕ [kvwš—] Qvov †h ‡Kvb wKQyi ARynv‡Z Akvwš—
ev` aviY Ki‡j Zv KLbI ¯^xK…wZ jvf Ki‡e bv|
N. Ò†n wek¦vmxMY! †Zvgiv cwic~Y©fv‡e Bmjv‡g `vwLj
nI|Ó A_©vr †n f³MY! wek¦¯’MY! †Zvgiv wfZievwn‡i cwic~Y©fv‡e kvwš—ev‡`i Dci kvš—, axi, ¯’xi I
AUj _vK|
Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi evYx¸wj mZ¨ my›`ig| wKš‘ Zv‡Z
`jv`wj, LybvLybx, †Mvj‡hvM Z_v mv¤cÖvwqKZvi †Kvb
Avfvm ev D¯‹vwbg~jK wKQy Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| A_P
GwR` esk Ô†Rnv`Õ k‡ãi Ace¨vL¨v I ÔBmjvgÕ k‡ãi
Abyev` bv K‡i †gvm‡jg RvwZ‡K GKwU Lybx, mš¿vwm I
mv¤cÖ`vwqK RvwZ wnmv‡e cÖwZwôZ K‡i‡Q|
ZrKvjxb †cŠËwjKMY †gvm‡jg‡`i Dci AvµgY,
wbh©vZb bv Ki‡j GKwU hy×I n‡Zv bv, GK‡dvUv i³I
Si‡Zv bv| Avj−vni ivQyj wb‡RB †NvlYv †`b †h, Ôhvi hvi
ag© Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q, a‡g© †Kvb cÖKvi Rei`w¯— †bB|Õ
Ab¨vq‡K mg ev Z‡ZvwaK Ab¨vq Øviv cÖwZnZ Ki‡Z
PvB‡j †mLv‡b wظY Ab¨vq I cÖwZwµqv m„wó n‡q
Dfqc¶B eskvbyµ‡g ¶wZMÖ¯’ n‡Z _v‡K, d‡j kvwš—ev`
[Bmjvg] mg_©K ØvivB kvwš—ev` c``wjZ nq Ges n‡”Q
e‡jB †Kviv‡b ivQyj-Avj−vn e‡jb:
ÔG`dvD †ej−vwZ-- nvwgg|Õ [41: nv wgg-mvR`v-34]
A_©: fv‡jv Ges g›` [b¨vq-Ab¨vq ] mgvb bq| ZvB Zv‡K
[Ab¨vq‡K] civwRZ Ki DrK…ó [b¨vq] Øviv; d‡j †Zvgvi
mwnZ hvi kΓZv Av‡Q, †m n‡e †Zvgvi AšZi½ eÜz|
ag© wbi‡c¶Zvi me©‡kªô I m‡e©vrK…ó HwZnvwmK
AKvU¨ cÖgvY I mybœZ [weavb] gnvbex I Zvi PvPv Avey
Zvwje| †Nvi †gŠjev`x †cŠËwjK Avi ‡Nvi G‡Kk¦iev`xi
GKB mgv‡R, GKB N‡i,GKB i‡³ ¯^-¯^ wek¦vm i¶v K‡i

P‚ovš— kvwš— [Bmjvg] eRvq †i‡L Avg„Zz¨ mnAe¯’v‡bi
D`vniY AvRI m„wó nqwb| myZivs †cŠËwjKMY evavi
m„wó ev AvµgY bv Ki‡j GK‡dvUv i³I Si‡Zv bv eis
ZvivI ivQyj Ges Zvui Abymvix‡`i †mev hZœ †h †c‡Zv
Avey ZvwjeB Zvi gvBjdjK| GB wek¦Rbxb ev¯—e `„óvš—
¯^-Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq gvÎ wnsmvi ekewZ© n‡q mivmwi
D‡c¶v K‡i Bû`x wLª÷vb‡`i AweKj AbyKi‡YB kwiqZ
`vwe Ki‡Q †h, Ô†gvmjgvb Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb RvwZi †e‡n‡¯—
AwaKvi †bB|Õ c¶vš—‡i †Kvivb ب_©nxY fvlvq †NvlYv
K‡i:
1. A Kvjy-- Qv‡`K¡xb| [2:evKviv-111] A_©: Ges Zviv
e‡j,ÔBû`x ev wLª÷vb Qvov Ab¨ †Kn KLbB †e‡n‡¯—
cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ Bnv Zv‡`i wg_¨v Avkv| ej!
Ôhw` †Zvgiv mZ¨ev`x nI, Z‡e cÖgvY †ck Ki|Õ
2. A KvjvwZj Bqvû`y-- qvLZv‡jdzb| [2:evKviv-113]
A_©: Bû`xMY e‡j, wLª÷vb‡`i †Kvb wfwË †bB;
wLª÷vbMY e‡j, ÔBû`x‡`i †Kvb wfwË †bBÕ| A_P
Zviv mK‡jB Avj−vni wKZve cvV K‡i| Gfv‡e hviv
wKQyB Rv‡b bv ZvivI Abyiƒc K_v e‡j| myZivs †h
wel‡q Zv‡`i gZ‡f` Av‡Q cybi“Ìv‡bi w`b Avj−vn
Dnvi gxgvsmv Ki‡eb|
Dwj−wLZ mKj RvwZi kwiqZx Ges mv¤cÖ`vwqK wek¦vm I
ci¯úi Kjn-we‡`ªv‡ni wei“‡× wb‡æ †Kviv‡bi cwi¯‹vi
dqmvjv I e¨w³ ev `‡ji nv‡Z AvBb-wePvi Zz‡j bv
†bqvi Aw½Kvi:
3. evjv gvb AvQjvgv-- qvnRvbyb| [2:evKviv-112]
A_©: nu¨v, †h †Kn Avj−vni wbKU m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c AvZ¥mgc©Y
K‡i Ges mrcwikªgx nq Zvi dj Zvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki
wbKU i‡q‡Q Ges Zv‡`i †Kvb fq †bB I Zviv `ytwLZ
n‡e bv|
4. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- qvnRvbyb| [2:evKvivÑ 62,177,] A_©:
f³MY [†gvm‡jgMY], Bûw`, wLª÷vb I Qv‡eCbMY Ges
hvivB Avj−vn I fwel¨‡Z [ciKvj] wek¦vmx Ges
mrcwikªgx, Zv‡`i Rb¨ cyi¯‹vi i‡q‡Q Zv‡`i
cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU| Zv‡`i †Kvb fq †bB Ges Zviv

187

AvRvecÖvß n‡e bv|
5. Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby-- qvnRvbyb| [5:gv‡q`v-69] A_©:
gymjgvbMY [gywgbMY], Bû`xMY, Qv‡eCbMY, hvivB
Avj−vn I fwel¨‡Z (ciKv‡j) Cgvb Av‡b Ges
mrcwikªgx nq Z‡e Zv‡`i †KvbB fq †bB Ges Zviv
†kvKvZ© n‡e bv|
6. Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby-- kvwn`yb| [22; nv¾-17]
A_©:hviv Cgvb G‡b‡Q (gywgb/†gvmjgvb) Ges hviv
Bû`x, mv‡eCb, L„óvb I AwMœcyRK Ges hviv gykwiK
Ae¯’vq Av‡Q, cybi“Ìv‡bi mgq Avj−vn Zv‡`i wePvi
gxgvsmv Ki‡eb| Avj−vn mg¯— wKQyi mg¨K mvw¶|
*
62 †gvm‡jg
Q‡j−, Qj−v, Qvjvg, QvjvZ, AvQjvg, Bmjvg, †gv‡gb,
†gvËvwKb, †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` kã¸wj A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ|
hvi g~j A_©: kvwš—, kvš—, kvwš—ev`, cÖkvš—, cÖwjß, wfi“,
axi, w¯’i, myVvg, APj, AUj, wek¦¯’, f³, mgwc©Z,bgª,
wb‡ew`Z, wewµZ BZ¨vw`| GKK I mnR-mij K_vq
f`ª‡jvK ev Av`k©evb cyi“l ejv †h‡Z cv‡i A_ev avwg©KI
ejv †h‡Z cv‡i|
¸i“i Pig eva¨ I wek¦¯’ZvB Av`k©evb f‡³i
[wek¦vmx‡`i] Ab¨Zg cÖavb ˆewkó¨| mr, my›`ig, cwikªgx,
b¨vqev`x, mvg¨ev`x, gvbeZvev`x, c‡ivcKvix; D`vi,
gnvb, Z¨vMx, bxwZevb, ¶gvkxj, `qvkxj, ˆah¨©kxj,
exh©¨kxj I cÖMwZkxj BZ¨vw` hveZxq ¸Y m¤úbœ e¨w³B f`ª
ev Av`k©evb e‡j mgv‡R ¯^xK…Z nq|
Giv wg_¨v, Ab¨vq, AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi; Pzwi, WvKvwZ,
Nyl, evUcvix; wnsmv, we‡Øl, AnsKvi, Ges Dk„sLj
wek„sLj †_‡K m¤ú~Y© gy³; Giv AnsKvix I cÖwZ‡kva civqY
bq| Gmg¯— †jvK Øviv kΓ-wgÎ ev mgv‡Ri Kv‡iv fq,
Ab¨vq, AcKvi ev ¶q-¶wZi AvksKv _v‡K bv| A_©vr
m„ó hveZxq Ávb ¸Ym¤úbœ I m„ó hveZxq AÁvbZv I †`vl

wegy³ e¨w³MYB mgv‡R f`ª ev Av`k©evb e¨w³ wnmv‡e
we‡ewPZ nq| G‡`i‡KB †Kviv‡b ÔgymwjgÕ ev ÔAvh©Õ e‡j
AvL¨vwqZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Giv Avj−vni wba©vwiZ msweav‡bi
Kv‡Q wPi AvÍmgwc©Z, wPi wb‡ew`Z, wek¦¯’ Ges RvMÖZ I
†PZbvcÖvß| Giv KLbI Ges †Kvb Ae¯’vq AvµgY ev
cÖwZ‡kva civqY bq; wKš‘ AvÍwek¦vm, bxwZ‡eva I
AvÍi¶vq Giv AUj AwePj| †Kvb wKQyi ARynv‡Z
Avj−vni wba©vwiZ msweavb j•Nb K‡i bv| G‡`i‡KB
Avj−vn m„wói †kªô †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡i‡Qb| cÖPwjZ I
cÖwZwôZ e¨w³MZ, Rb¥MZ I RvwZMZ wn›`y, gymwjg,
†eŠ×, wLª÷vb, Bûw`‡`i Øviv †Kvb e¨w³ ev mgvR †Kvb
w`K †_‡KB wbivc` bq|
Kw_Z †gvoj gvZzeŸi I Rb‡bZvMY Rb‡mevi bv‡g
†`k I `‡ki ¯’vei-A¯’vei cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ mnvq-m¤ú`
`L‡ji ci `Lj K‡i Pj‡Qb| Zviv Lyb Ki‡Z ivwR, Lyb
n‡Z ivwR, †Rjevm Ki‡Z ivwR; AwawKš‘
cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³, A‰ea [nvivg] ab-m¤ú` Z¨vM Ki‡Z
wKQy‡ZB ivwR bb| Av‡jg-cxiMY GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emvq
`vjvb-†KvVv, †mvbv-Mqbv BZ¨vw` ab-m¤ú‡`i cvnvo
M‡o Zzj‡Qb| gv-evev †PŠÏ cyi“l †e‡n‡¯— wb‡Z ivwR,
†e‡n‡¯—i `Lj Qvo‡Z ivwR, Av¸b †L‡Z ivwR [`ª:
evKviv-174] wKš‘ `yÕw`‡bi Z‡i webv cqmvq BgvgwZ,
cyRv-gš¿ cvV, IqvR-bwQnZ ev wkl¨ Ki‡Z ivwR bb|
A_©vr ivRbxwZi bv‡g, a‡g©i bv‡g, †mevi bv‡g, e¨w³ I
`‡ji bv‡g hveZxq ag©-K‡g©i bv‡g Pj‡Q A_©, kw³ I
m¤ú‡`i Zxeª cÖwZ‡hvwMZv| ivRbxwZ I ag©bxwZ ci¯úi
A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ Ges Zv Ávb I mgvR Dbœq‡bi †kªôZg
¸i“Z¡c~Y© I cweÎZg Aa¨vq| c¶vš—‡i Dfq`jB GB cweÎ
KZ©e¨ I `vwqZ¡‡K †ckv wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i mgvR I RvwZi
Pig Ae¶q †W‡K G‡b‡Q| AvR‡Ki ag© I avwg©K Avi
†bZv-i¶K gv‡bB AvKvi AvK…wZ me©¯^ †ckv`vix f¶K I
cÖZviK, i³ wccvmy !
c¶vš—‡i, cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi g‡a¨ Lye Kg msL¨K n‡jI
Ggb wKQy †jvK Av‡Qb, hv‡`i †_‡K e¨w³ I mgvR m¤ú~Y©
wbivc`; Avj−vni GKZ¡ev‡` mycÖwZwôZ, Zv‡`i hveZxq

188

KvR-Kg© civ‡_© wb‡ew`Z; Rxeb avi‡Y GKvš— I
cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ mnvq-m¤ú` Kzw¶MZ K‡i mgvR-†`‡ki
K…wÎg Afv‡ei m„wó K‡i bv| GivB Avj−vni `iev‡i cÖK…Z
gymwjg (†bve&j g¨vb) Z_v f`ª, Av`k©evb ev avwg©K|
Ôavwg©KÕ, Ôf`ªÕ, ÔAv`k©evbÕ BZ¨vw` Ges I‡`i wecixZ
kã¸wj ej‡Z †hgb cÖPwjZ ag©‡f` ev RvwZ‡f` eySvq
bv, Z`ª“c `~i AZx‡Zi wbw`©ó †KvbKv‡j wn›`y, [Avh¨© ev
mbvZb ag©x] gymwjg, †eŠ×, wLª÷vb ev Bûw` ej‡ZI
nv‡ji ag©‡f` ev RvwZ‡f` eySv‡Zv bv| †f` wQj: avwg©KAavwg©K, Ávbx-AÁvbx, f`ª-Af`ª, †eva-wb‡e©va, k„sLjD”Q„sLj, Avh©-Abvh©, myi-Amyi, Zvj-†eZvj, Kj¨vYAKj¨vYKvgx `‡ji| wKš‘ Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b H mg¯— my›`iZg
I ¸YMZ bvg¸wj mKj RvwZi †gŠjevw`MY e¨w³ I `‡ji
mv¤cÖ`vwqK Ges Rb¥MZ bv‡g cwiYZ K‡i‡Qb: hv‡Z
†`vl-¸Y, b¨vq-Ab¨vq, mZ¨-wg_¨v, avwg©K-Aavwg©K
BZ¨vw` cv_©K¨ K‡i bv e‡jB Avj−vni `iev‡i Iiv
mK‡jB mgvb|
avwg©K‡`i ¸Yv¸Y, PwiÎ I ˆewkó¨ †Kvivbmn mKj
RvwZi g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’i cvZvq cvZvq wek`fv‡e ewY©Z
Av‡Q| †m¸wj Avcb Avcb fvlvq c‡o, †R‡b, ey‡S
¯^Zš¿fv‡e Rxe‡bi ci‡Z ci‡Z cÖwZdwjZ K‡i mvgwMÖK
kvwš—ev` cÖK…wZMZfv‡eB ev¯—evqY nq; GRb¨ `jv`wj
cÖPvi, cÖwZôv wb®cÖ‡qvRb|
wbæ ewY©Z aviv¸wj Av`k©evb ev †gvm‡jg nIqvi
D‡j−L‡hvM¨ c~e©kZ©, hv c~‡e©I Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q:
1. Avj−vRxbv BDÕwgbybv wejM¦vBwe-- DbwdK¡zb|
[2:evKviv-3] A_©: hviv A`„‡k¨ [fwel¨‡Z] wek¦vm
K‡i, cÖv_©bv Abyhvqx KvR K‡i, Ges Zviv †h mnvq
m¤ú` cÖvß n‡q‡Q Zv †_‡K Afvex‡`i Afve cyiY
K‡i|
2. Aj−vRxbv--gydjxûb| [2:evKviv-4, 5] A_©: Ges
†Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q I †Zvgvi c~‡e© hv
AeZxY© n‡qwQj Zv‡Z hviv wek¦vm K‡i Ges fwel¨‡Z
hv Avm‡e [ciKv‡j] Zv‡Z hviv wek¦vm Ki‡e; ZvivB
Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wb‡`©wkZ c‡_ ejer i‡q‡Q Ges

ZvivB mdjKvg|
3. Aj−vRxbv Av-gvby--Lvwj`xb| [2:evKviv-82] hviv
wek¦¯’Zvi mwnZ mr cwikªg K‡i ZvivB RvbœvZevmx,
Zviv †mLv‡b wPi¯’vqx n‡e|
4. K¡z-jy- Av-gvbœv wej−v-wn-- ywggyb| [2:evKviv-136]
A_©: †Zvgiv ¯^xKvi Ki! ÔAvgiv Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vm ivwL
Ges hv Avgv‡`i cÖwZ Ges Beªvnxg, BmgvÕCj,
BmnvK, BqvÕK‚e I Zvi eskaiM‡Yi cÖwZ AeZxY©
n‡q‡Q Ges hv Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K gymv,
Cmv I Ab¨vb¨ bexMY‡K †`qv n‡q‡Q| Avgiv Z‡`i
g‡a¨ †KvbiKg cv_©K¨ Kwi bv Ges Avgiv Zvi wbKU
AvZ¥mgc©YKvix [†gvm‡jg]|
5. jvBQvj weiiv-- gyËvK¡z-b| [2:evKviv-177] A_©:
c~e© Ges cwðg w`‡K †Zvgv‡`i gyL wdiv‡bv‡Z †Kvb
cyY¨ †bB; wKš‘ cyY¨ Av‡Q †Kn Avj−vn&, fwel¨rKvj,
wdwi¯—vMY, mg¯— wKZve Ges mg¯— bexM‡Yi Dci
Cgvb Avb‡j Ges Avj−vn& †cÖ‡g AvÍxq-¯^Rb,
wcZ…nxb, AfveMÖ¯’, ch©UK, mvnvh¨ cÖv_©xMY‡K Ges
`vm gyw³i Rb¨ A_© `vb Ki‡j, cÖv_©bv cÖwZwôZ †i‡L
cweÎ n‡j Ges cÖwZkÖ“wZ w`‡q Zv i¶v Ki‡j; Afve,
`ytL, Kó †K¬‡k I msMÖvg msK‡U ˆah¨© aviY Ki‡j|
GivB Zviv, hviv mZ¨civqY Ges avwg©K|
6. Ajv- ZvweQyj nvK¡v-- BqvÕjvgyb| [2:evKviv-42]
A_©: †Zvgiv mZ¨‡K wg_¨vi mwnZ wgwkªZ KwiI bv
Ges †R‡b-ï‡b mZ¨ †Mvcb KwiI bv|
7. A AvK¡xgy”PvjvZv--ÕAviiv-wK¡-Cb| [2:evKviv-43]
A_©: cÖv_©bv †gvZv‡eK Kg© m¤úv`b K‡i cweÎ nI
[Afvenxb] Ges Av`k© f³‡`i m‡½ GKZve× n‡q
_vK|
8. ABR AvLvRbv--g~wi`yb| [ 2:evKviv-83] A_©: ¯§iY
Ki! hLb ewb BmªvBj‡`i A½wKvi wb‡qwQjvg †h,
†Zvgiv Avj−vn e¨ZxZ Kv‡iv Bev`Z Ki‡e bv| gvZvwcZv AvwZ¥q-¯^Rb, wcZ…nxb I `wi`ª‡`i cÖwZ m`q
e¨envi Ki‡e Ges gvby‡li m‡½ f`ª e¨envi Ki‡e,
mvjvZ Kv‡qg Ki‡e I hvKvi w`‡e, wKš‘ ¯^í msL¨K

189

e¨ZxZ †Zvgiv wei“×fvevcbœ n‡q †M‡j|
9. RwjKv-- evC`| [2:evKviv-176] A_©: Bnv GB †nZz
†h, Avj−vn mbvZb †KZve AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb Ges hviv
†KZve m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i‡Q, wbðqB Zviv `y¯—
i gZ‡f‡` i‡q‡Q|
10. Aj wdZbvZz-- KvZ‡j| [2:evKviv-191,217] A_©:
mgv‡R †Mvj‡hvM I Akvwš— m„wó Kiv nZ¨v A‡c¶vI
¸i“Zi Ab¨vq|
11. Agvj−vg BqvnKzg-- Kv‡dixb, dv‡QK¡xb, Rv‡jgxb|
[5:gv‡q`v-44-49] A_©: Avj−vn hv AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb
†m Avbyhvqx hviv wePvi gxgvsmv K‡i bv ZvivB
Kv‡di, dv‡QK I Rv‡jg|
12. AvivBZvj−vRx-- gv-Db| [107:gvDb: 1-7] A_©:
Zzwg wK †`‡LQ, †h ag©‡K A¯^xKvi K‡i? †m H e¨w³
†h Amnvq‡K iƒp fv‡e Zvwo‡q †`q Ges Afvwe‡`i
Lv`¨ `vb K‡i bv| myZivs `y‡f©vM †mB mKj
cÖv_©bvKvix‡`i [bvgvRx‡`i]; hviv Zv‡`i bvgvR
m¤^‡Ü D`vmxb I †e-†Lqvj| Giv †jvK †`Lv‡bv
bvgvR K‡i| GivB cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i mvnvh¨
mn‡qvwMZv †_‡K weiZ _v‡K|
13. Bbœvû gvBqykwiK-- wgb AvÄvi| [5:gv‡q`v-72] A_©:
-‡h †Kn Avj−vni kwiK Ki‡j Avj−vn Zvi Rb¨
RvbœvZ wbwl× K‡ib I Zvi Ae¯’vb Rvnvbœvg|
AZ¨vPvix‡`i Rb¨ †Kvb mvnvh¨Kvix †bB|
*
63 †gvm‡jg mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv
[c~‡e©B e‡j ivLv fv‡jv †h, gymwjg we‡k¦i †dZbvdvQv` I `j, Dc-`j¸wji AwaKvskB Rb¥ n‡q‡Q
cÖavbZt Biv‡b, AZtci Biv‡K| Qybœx‡`i 6wU nvw`‡mi
Rb¥ `vZv‡`i mK‡jiB Rb¥ Biv‡b, †hgb: Bgvg †evLvixi
Rb¥: †evLviv, Bivb; †gvm‡j‡gi Rb¥: wbkvcyi, Bivb;
Avey `vD‡`i Rb¥: wm¯—vb, Bivb; wZiwgRxi Rb¥: Zviwg›`,
Bivb; Be‡b gvRvi Rb¥: wKRDBb, DËi Bivb; bvQvCi

Rb¥: bvQv, c~e© Bivb; GgbwK m`¨ evnvBi Rb¥I Biv‡b|
AviI cÖKvk †h, Bgvg Avey nvwbdvmn 4 Bgvg Ges
†Qnv‡QËvi 6 BgvgMY mK‡jB wkqv m¤cÖ`vqfy³ wQ‡jb]
gnvbexi AvMgb c~e© Avief‚wg c„w_exi †kªôZg
†cŠËwjK †`k wQj| ïay Zvi AvMg‡bi c~‡e©B bq, b~n I
ag© wcZv Beªvnx‡gi (mv) AvgjI ga¨ cÖvP¨ Avief‚wg
†cŠËwjKZvev` KwVbfv‡eB cÖwZwôZ wQj; †KvivbB Zvi
cÖK…ó cÖgvY [`ª: 6:AvbAvg-75,76; 21:Avw¤^qv- 57,
60]| GgbwK gyQvi (mv) Avg‡jI GB †cŠËwjKZvev‡`i
cÖgvY cvIqv hvq Qyiv evKvivi 92 I 93 Avqv‡Z| AZGe
fviZe‡l© †cŠËwjK‡`i AvMgb cÖavbZt †h Avie †_‡KB
Zv A‡bKUvB wbwðZ e‡U| g~jZt gnv‡`e, gybx, K…ò, kxe
[mv] bexMY †cŠËwjKev‡`i cÖwZôvZv †h bb ZvI wbwðZ|
eis g~wZ© cyRvi wei“‡×B †h Zv‡`i AvMgb n‡qwQj Zv
Zv‡`i 4 Lvwb g~j MÖ‡š’B mv¶¨ enb K‡i, Avi
me©Rbwew`Z kxe/K…‡òi (mv) GKwU evYxB cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨
h‡_ó: ÔGK‡gev wØZxqgÕ, ÔGK eªþv wØZxq bvw¯—Õ A_©:
jv-Bjvnv Bj−vj−vn:Avj−vn e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB|
Avie †gvm‡jgMY ag©xq Abyôvbvw`‡Z c~e© cyi“l‡`i DjyaŸbx
AvRI Zv‡`i K‡Ú aŸwbZ nq| AZGe Avie‡`k †_‡KB †h
fviZe‡l© †cŠËwjK‡`i AvMgb Zv HwZnvwmKMY wbwðZ|
GUv byZb †Kvb aviYv ev Avwe®‹viI bq|
ivQyj c~e© Aviexq †cŠËwjKMY kZ kZ †MvÎ, `j,
Dc-`‡j wef³ wQj Ges Dcvmbvi Rb¨ cÖ‡Z¨K `‡jiB
¯^Zš¿ g~wZ© wQj| g°vi Kvev N‡i 360 wU g~wZ© cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j
Dc`‡ji cÖZxK I cwiPq enb Ki‡Zv| Giv AvR‡Ki gZ
A_© m¤ú‡`i †P‡qI `jxq †gŠjev`x ag© wek¦v‡mi
cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq Ges Zv‡K †K›`ª K‡iB Anin hy× weMÖn,
gvivgvwi, KvUvKvwU I `jv`wj K‡i Rxeb KvUv‡Zv|
HwZnvwmK‡`i AwfgZ: Ávb ev ¸Y bq, GKgvÎ `uvwoB wQj
†bZ…‡Z¡i cÖavb gvcKvwV; hvi `vwo hZ eo †m ZZ eo
†bZv n‡Zv| Gmg¯— BwZnvm ¯^vaxbZvc~e© ¯‹z‡ji cvV¨ cy¯—
‡K †jLv _vK‡Zv|
G‡nb Zgmv”Qbœ AÜKvi hy‡M gyn¤§‡`i [mv] Avwef©ve
nq; GKK Avj−vni Dcvmbvi g‡š¿ `jxq g~wZ© I gš¿ cweÎ

190

Kvev Ni †_‡K weZvwoZ K‡i GKZ¡ev‡`i a¨vb aviYv,
wek¦vm, ag©-K‡g©i wbix‡L GKwU RvwZi †MvovcËb K‡ib;
GKK Awfbœ MVbZš¿ †Kviv‡bi Aax‡b| [mKj bexMYB
Abyiƒc K‡i‡Qb]| hv‡`i bvg I cwiPq nq fvlv‡f‡`
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g| G‡`i cÖwZ Avj−vni-ivQy‡ji eRª KwVb
wb‡`©k:
1. AÕZvwQgy-- ZvdviivK¡z [3:Bgivb-103] A_©: Ges
†Zvgiv mK‡j Avj−vni i¾y [†Kvivb] gReyZfv‡e
aviY K‡iv| †Zvgiv `j-Dc`‡j wef³ nBI bv|
2. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- Bqvd Avjyb| [6:AvbAvg- 159] A_©:
hviv ag© m¤^‡Ü wfbœ wfbœ g‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q/Ki‡e I
`j Dc`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q/ n‡e, Zv‡`i Dci Avcbvi
†KvbB `vwqZ¡ _vK‡jv bv/ _vK‡e bv| Zv‡`i `vq`vwqZ¡ Avj−vni Dc‡iB †Q‡o w`b/w`‡eb| Avj−vn
Zv‡`i K…ZK‡g©i ˆKwdqr Zje Ki‡eb|
3. wgbvj−vRxbv-- dvwiûb| [30:iƒg-32] A_©: hviv a‡g©
gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i‡Q/Ki‡e I `j Dc-`‡j wef³
n‡q‡Q/n‡e, Zviv wbR¯^ gZev` wb‡qB gË
i‡q‡Q/i‡e|
AZx‡Zi `j Dc-`‡ji ag© wef³Kvix‡`i KwVb kvw¯—i
Dcgv
DÌvcY K‡i cwi¯‹vifv‡e fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ ب_©nxb K‡Ú
Avj−vn
ivQyj mZK© K‡v w`‡jb:
4. Ajv ZvKzby-- AvRxg| [3:Bgivb-105] A_©: †Zvgiv
AZx‡Zi gZ nBI bv| hviv Zv‡`i wbKU ¯úó weavb
Avmvi c‡iI wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ gZ cv_©K¨ K‡i `j
Dc-`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i Rb¨ KwVb kvw¯—
i‡q‡Q|
gnvbexi `xN© 22/23 erm‡ii KwVb Zcm¨v, Z‡Zvwa
Z¨vM wZwZ¶v I Kg© cÖ‡Póvi gva¨‡g cÖwZôv Ki‡jb
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ RvwZ| Giv gviv-gvwi, i³v-iw³, hyjygmš¿vmx Ki‡e bv, wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ gZ‡f`, `jv`wj Ki‡e
bv, An¼vi Ki‡e bv, we‡Øl, †jvf, wnsmv, cÖwZ-wnsmv,
AvµgY I cÖwZ‡kva civqY n‡e bv| †Kvb wKQyi ARynv‡Z

mgv‡R †Mvj‡hvM I Akvwš— m„wó Ki‡e bv| ˆah©kxj,
exh©kxj, Z¨vMx, †mevev`x, D`vi I ewjô ü`‡qi AwaKvix
n‡e, AvÍ wek¦vm I msh‡g P‚ovš— f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡e;
AvµgY Ki‡e bv wKš‘ Avµvš— nÕ†j KwVb wngvw`ªi gZ
APj-AUj cÖwZ‡iva M‡o Zyj‡e| GKK Avj−vni Bev`Z
Ki‡e| Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Abymi‡Y wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨i
hveZxq mgm¨vi gxgvskv Ki‡e| wKš‘ Zvi Idv‡Zi m‡½
m‡½B †b‡g G‡jv Agvwbkvi cyiv‡bv †mB Kv‡jv Qvqv|
HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z Idv‡Zi ¶wYK c~‡e© gnvbex g‡bi
`yt‡L †¶v‡f Nwbó mvnvev‡`i Avcb K¶ †_‡K Zvwo‡q
w`‡jb; Idv‡Zi ci wZb w`b ch©š— Zuvi jvk †gveviK
Kei¯’ n‡qwQj bv| Gm¤^‡Ü c~‡e©I Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q,
ms‡¶‡c cybivq †`Lyb:
gnvgwZ `yi`k©x AveyeKi [iv] †gvm‡jg RvwZi Ljxdvi
¸i“ `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡i Dc‡ivwj−wLZ wb‡`©kmn †KvivwbK
weavb mgybœZ iv‡Lb| KwVb mvg¨ev`x Igi [iv] GKB avivq
`vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Z wM‡q Avcb mš—vb‡K g„Zz¨`Û Kvh©Ki
K‡ib; Avcb Rxeb DrmM© K‡i kvnv`r eiY K‡ib| ax‡i
ax‡i m`¨ cÖwZwôZ gymwjg we‡k¦ AÜKv‡ii cybt myPbv nq|
†kªô Z¨vMx D`vi ü`‡qi AwaKvix mnR-mij Imgvb [iv]
GB †gvm‡jg RvwZi nv‡ZB bRie›`x n‡jb, AZtci
†Kvivb cov Ae¯’vq kvnv`Z eiY K‡ib m¤§vwbZ (!)
mvnvev, Zv‡eCb‡`i [iv] nv‡ZB| †Kvivb iwÄZ nq
Ljxdvi Rxeb †`qv i‡³| AZx‡Zi †cŠËwjK‡`i †mB
wefrm cyiv‡bv `jv`wj, wnsmv, cÖwZ-wnsmvi `vevbj
R¡‡j D‡V| ivR¨gq ïi“ nq M„nhy×| ˆah¨©, ‰kh©¨, weh©¨kxj,
exi Avjx [iv] 4_© Ljxdv `vevbj wbe©vc‡Yi KwVb `vwqZ¡
MÖnY K‡ib| eva mv‡a Nwbô mvnvev gyqvexqv-GwR` [iv]
Avi Avgi Gebyj Avm [iv]| ïi“ nq cybt i³¶qx giY hy×|
mvnvev ebvg mvnvev, †gvm‡jg ebvg †gvm‡jg|Avjx‡K
[iv] †K›`ª K‡i gymwjg BwZnv‡mi me©cÖ_g `j AvÍcÖKvk
K‡i Lv‡iRx bvg aviY K‡i| gnvexi Avjxi [iv] kvn`v‡Zi
c‡i Rb¥ nq Bmjv‡gi wØZxq `j kxqv bvg aviY K‡i|
Giv DfqB †gvm‡jg e‡U! wKš‘ Avj−vn-ivQyj cÖ`Ë GKgvÎ
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ †LZv‡e mš‘ó n‡Z cvi‡jb bv| aviY Ki‡jv

191

ÔLv‡iRx †gvm‡jgÕ, Ôkxqv †gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g| Gi wcQ‡b †h
hyw³ cÖ`k©b Kiv nq Zv `‡ji ¯^v‡_©, ¶gZvi †jv‡f, fvlvi
gvic¨uvP gvÎ! †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z, wbi‡c¶ Áv‡bi
Av‡jv‡Z Zv †h A‰ea Dc‡ivwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi ûwkqvwiB
Zvi cÖK…ô cÖgvY|
wQwà‡bi hy‡×, gyqvexqvi civRq Aek¨¤¢vex †R‡b,
†Kviv‡bi ey‡K †bRv ej−g we× K‡i Avjxi [iv] m‡½ mwÜ
¯’vc‡bi AvnŸv‡b Avjx [iv] m¤§Z n‡j, Zvi `‡ji †h Ask
cÖwZev` gyLi n‡q `j Z¨vM K‡i, Iiv cÖavbZt gyqvexqvi
[iv] †Nvi we‡ivax wQ‡jb, Avjxi [iv] cÖwZ Amš‘ó wQ‡jb,
GivB Lv‡iRx| AZtci Avjxi [iv] mg_©KMY kxqv bvg
aviY K‡ib| GwU HwZnvwmK mZ¨ I cÖgvwYZ|
wKš‘ QybœxMY KLb! Kvi †bZ…‡Z¡! †Kv_vq, wKfv‡e!
wK‡mi hyw³‡Z wef³ n‡jv! Zvi †Kvb †gŠwLK wK
HwZnvwmK `wjj cÖgvY cvIqv hvq bv! A_©vr Avgv‡`i
Qybœx‡`i †Kvb Rb¥ wVKvbv ev BwZnvm †bB! Z‡e wnmve
wbKv‡k GUvB cvIqv hvq †h, ZrKvjxb †gvm‡jg RvwZ
cÖavbZ 3wU `‡j wef³ nq, h_v: (1) Lv‡iRx (2) kxqv I
(3) gyqvweqv-GwR‡`i [iv] ¶gZvmxb `j|
GB `j bex esk‡K cÖKv‡k¨ AcÖKv‡k¨ wel cÖ‡qv‡M,
nZ¨v, Lyb, ¸g&, jyÚY, mš¿vm I wbh©vZ‡bi gva¨‡g wbwðý
K‡i Ggbfv‡e ¶gZv cÖwZwôZ K‡iwQ‡jb hv A`¨vewa 15
kZ ermi hver ejer i‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`i Qybœx‡`i wjwLZ
evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ Ômsw¶ß
Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ Av‡jv‡Z hv c~‡e©I wek`fv‡e ewY©Z
n‡q‡Q: ÒAvjx [iv] Be&b Avex ZvÕwj‡ei eskai‡`i AwaK
msL¨KB fvM¨ weow¤^Z wQ‡jb| Zuv‡`i `y:‡Li Kvwnbx‡Z
gymwjg BwZnvm cwic~Y© nBqv iwnqv‡Q--|-- Avjx [iv]
es‡ki †h mKj †jvK wbh©vwZZ nBqv g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib,
gvmDw`, gyivR 7g L‡Û 404 c„ôvq Zv‡`i GKUv ZvwjKv
cvIqv hvq|---DgvBqv Z_v GwR` es‡ki †Kej 2q
Dgvi Be&b ÔAvew`Õj AvRxRB bex es‡ki Rb¨ we‡e‡Ki
`skb Abyfe K‡ib| bex esk Zv‡`i b¨vh¨ AwaKvi nB‡Z
ewÂZ nBqv‡Qb ewjqv wZwb dvwZgvi c‡¶ Avjx [iv] Gi
†h mKj eskai gw`bvq evm Kwi‡Zb, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ 10

nvRvi w`bvi weZiY K‡ib| [bex esk‡K wf¶v `vb e‡U!]- wKš‘ Avj-gyZvIqvw°‡ji mgq nB‡Z Avevi wbh©vZb ïi“
nq Ges Avj-gyš—vbwmÕ†ei Avgj ch©š— envj _v‡K| Avj
gyZvIqvw°j Kvievjv‡Z Avj- ûmvqb [iv] Gi Kei weaŸ¯’
Kwiqv †`b I Z_vq jyÚb Pvjvb-Ó [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx
wek¦‡Kvl 1g LÛ; c„: 81, 82]|
GB ¶gZvmxb gyqvexqv-GwR‡`i [iv] Z…Zxq `‡ji †Kvb
bvg ev cwiPq cvIqv hvq bv! c¶vš—‡i we‡k¦ AvRI ïay
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bvgavix GKwU `j ev gvbylI Luy‡R cvIqv hvq
bv!
AZGe, cieZ©x‡Z GivB †Kvb GK mgq Qybœx bvg aviY
K‡i‡Q Zv‡Z m‡›`n _vKvi AeKvk †bB| AvaywbK Qybœx
†ckv`vix cwÛZMY GB Kj¼ XvKvi Rb¨ cÖPvi ïi“ K‡ib
†h, Ô AveyeK‡ii `jB Qybœxi `jÕ; hw`I Zv‡`i GUv hyw³ I
cÖgvY wenxb wbQK evjmyjf Kíbv gvÎ ! †h‡nZz Pvi
LjxdvMY Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi eRª KwVb wb‡`©k Rvb‡Zb,
m¤§vb Ki‡Zb Ges gvb‡Zb e‡j Avj−vn-iQyj cÖ`Ë¡
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡gi ïi“‡Z AwZwi³ we‡klY hy³ K‡i Avjv`v
†Kvb KIg ev `‡ji †MvovcËb Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv| AZGe
AveyeK‡ii [iv] bv‡g G‡nb wg_¨v‡ivc, AZtci Zv‡K
AvswkK ev `jxq Ljxdv cÖgv‡Yi N„Y¨ I e¨_© Ac‡Póv gvÎ|
GwR`-gyqvexqvi [iv] †Mvôx hw` Qybœx bv n‡q _v‡K, Z‡e
Zv‡`i cwiPq wK! hw` a‡i †bqv hvq †h, H `j GKgvÎ
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡gB cwiwPZ wQj! Z‡e AvR †m `‡ji Aw¯—
‡Z¡i mÜvb †Kv_vq! Avi Qybœx‡`i Drm wK! cwiPqB ev wK!
GwR` es‡ki Aw¯—Z¡B ev †Kv_vq!
Gi ci Zwor †e‡M Rb¥ nq AmsL¨ `j-Dc`‡ji
†hgb: iv‡dRx, †gvZv‡Rjx, Invex, nvbvdx, kv‡dC,
nv‡¤^jx, gv‡jKx, jv-gRnvex, evnvB, AvMvLvbx
BmgvBwjqv Ges kxqv‡`i AmsL¨ Dc-`j| Qybœx `‡ji
GmKj BgvgMY RxweZve¯’vq †KD †gvRvnv‡ei †Mvov cËb
K‡ib wb| eis Zviv mK‡jB kxqv `jf‚³ wQ‡jb Ges
AwaKvskB ¶gZvmxb `‡ji [Ljxdv‡`i] wei“‡× cÖKv‡k¨
AcÖKv‡k¨ mg_©b I msMÖvg K‡i‡Qb|
GKwU ag©xq KI‡gi bvgKiY, bv‡gi cwieZ©b,

192

cwiea©‡bi AwaKvi iv‡Lb GKgvÎ bex-ivQyjMY| c¶vš—
‡i, †gvm‡jg RvwZi AmsL¨ `j-Dc`‡ji cÖe³v I
cÖwZôvZv e¨w³ I `jxq Dc`jxq BgvgMY! Zviv Avj−vnivQyj cÖ`Ë Ô†gvm‡jgÕ KIg‡K Ggbfv‡e wef³ K‡i
†d‡j‡Qb †h, wb¶v` Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g GKwU gvbylI Luy‡R
cvIqv hvq bv; hv cvIqv hvq ZvÕn‡jv Lv‡iRx †gvm‡jg,
iv‡dRx †gvm‡jg, Qybœx nvbvdx †gvm‡jg, Qybœx nv‡¤^jx
†gvm‡jg Qybœx Invex †gvm‡jg, Qybœx Avng`xqv †gvm‡jg
BZ¨vw`| kxqv hv‡q`x †gvm‡jg, kxqv ¸jvwZ ‡gvm‡jg,
kxqv `yi“R wdi&Kv †gvm‡jg, kxqv BQ‡b Avkvwiqv
†gvm‡jg, BZ¨vw`| Dciš‘ Dnv‡`i AmsL¨ Dc`j| Giv
mK‡jB ¯^ ¯^ `j‡K mZ¨, mwVK e‡j `vex K‡i _v‡Kb Ges
ci¯úi‡K Agymwjg, Kv‡di, †gviZv` e‡j d‡Zvqv †`b|
wbi‡c¶ `„wó‡Z mgyn `j-Dc`j¸wj †h †Kviv‡bi
†gŠwjK wb‡`©k Agvb¨ K‡i mxgv j•Nb K‡i‡Qb, †KvivbB
Zvi Rjš— cÖgvY|
ivQyj wQ‡jb gvÎ Ô†gvm‡jgÕ Zuvi cÖK…Z AbymvwiMYI
cwiwPZ n‡eb Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g| GUvB Zv‡`i GKgvÎ
cwiPq| AZGe AwZwi³ we‡klY bvgavix †gvm‡jg‡`i
Dci Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji †Kvb `vq-`vwqZ¡ †bB! A_©vr Zviv
gnvbexi kvdvqvZ †_‡K wPi ewÂZ! Zv Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi
wb‡`©k¸wj wbwðZ I m‡›`nvZxZ K‡i‡Q| myZivs GB
†KvivbI Zv‡`i bq! †h‡nZz Zviv IwU A¯^xKvi K‡i `jDc`‡j fvM n‡q cÖKvivš—‡i Kw_Z Bgvg‡`i bex ev Dcbex-ivQyj wnmv‡e c‡iv¶ ev cÖZ¨¶fv‡eB ¯^xKvi K‡i
bZzb bvg aviY K‡i‡Qb| Avi ZvB e‡jB Qybœx kv‡dC,
gv‡jKx †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡Z Me©‡eva
K‡ib|
gymwjg we‡k¦i GB `j-Dc`j¸wj Avw`Kvj †_‡KB
cye© †cŠËwjKZvev‡`i gZB cybt Anin ¶Y I `xN©¯’vqx
SMov-dvQv`, LybvLybx, i³¶qx msMÖvg-mš¿v‡m wjß
i‡q‡Qb| GB hy× Gov‡Z wM‡q 4 †gvRvnve 4 diR e‡j
¯^xK…Z nq| hw`I G‡K A‡b¨i `„wó‡Z Kg-‡ewk gZ‡f` I
KIgx bv‡gi cv_©K¨ i‡q‡Q| GQvov wØZxq †Kvb c_I
†Lvjv wQj bv! Zvi GKgvÎ KviY jvwV-†kvVv, `jxq

evûe‡j, †Kvb `jB wcwQ‡q wQj bv| Avn&gw`qvMY
we‡`‡ki my‡hvM-myweav †c‡q †h nv‡i kw³ e„w× Ki‡Q,
Zv‡Z Avï cÖR‡b¥ 5 ev 6 [ZvewjM] †gvRvnve 6 diR
†NvlYv †`qvi m¤¢vebv cÖPzi| AZtci Avm‡Q 7g Dc-`j
hviv Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji kvwš—ev`x ag©‡K mš¿vmev`x a‡g©
cwiwPZ Ki‡jv!
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z Avgv‡`i `j-Dc`‡ji `vex`vIqv¸wj ÔnvjvjÕ cÖgvY Kiv m¤¢e bq †R‡b, cÖ‡Z¨‡KB
¯^-¯^ `‡ji `vexi c‡¶-wec‡¶ nvw`m iPbv K‡i‡Qb|
D`vniYwU cybt cybt j¶¨Yxq:
ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ÒAvgvi D¤§‡Z gyn¤§` Ge‡b B`ªxQ
[kv‡dC] bv‡g GKwU †jvK Rb¥v‡e| †m Avgvi D¤§‡Zi
c‡¶ Bewjm A‡c¶vI AwaK AwbôKvix n‡e, c¶vš—‡i
Avgvi D¤§‡Z Avi GKRb †jvK n‡eb, Zv‡K Avey nvwbdv
e‡j m‡¤^vab Kiv n‡e| wZwb n‡”Qb Avgvi D¤§‡Zi
cÖ`xc| [†evLvix]| nvw`mwU A‡b‡K ev¯—eZvi Zvobvq,
we‡e‡Ki `sk‡b Rvj, ‡gŠRy ev nvQvb, ˆRd [bKj, wg_¨v,
`yŸ©j, cyiv‡bv] nvw`m e‡j †¶Î we‡k‡l gš—e¨ K‡i _v‡Kb|
hw`I we‡kl K‡i †evLvixi nvw`‡mi Dci mvavi‡Yi n¯—
‡¶c ev weiƒc gš—e¨ †gŠjZ‡š¿ AwaKvi †`q wb, ¯^xK…ZI
bq †R‡bI GB †NviZi ¯^-we‡ivax gš—e¨wU K‡i _v‡Kb|
Pvi †gvRvnve Pvi diR †NvlYvwUi wcQ‡b `j PZzô‡qi
`yÕwU my [?] D‡Ïk¨ wbwnZ wQj; Zv n‡jv, Qybœx`j Dc`j¸wj
†hb i³cvZ bv K‡i Ges Avi KLbI byZb †Kvb `j ev
Dc-`j cÖwZôv Kivi my‡hvM bv cvq| wKš‘ †m †PóvI e¨_©
nq, 1700 wLª÷vã †_‡K Invweqv bv‡g Qybœx‡`i g¯—K
wUDgvimg Avi GKwU Dc-`‡ji Rb¥ n‡q| Giv Qybœv‡Z
†gvnv¤§`x †gvm‡jg ev ZvejxM RvgvZvj †gvm‡jg bv‡gI
cwiwPZ| cÖavbZt Qybœx‡`i kwiq‡Zi ¯—¤¢ 5wU: K‡jgv,
bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ I RvKvZ; c¶vš—‡i Qybœx Invex‡`i
kwiq‡Zi ¯—¤¢ 6wU: K‡jgv, bvgvR, Gjg I wRKi,
GKivgyj †gvm‡jgxb, wbqZ I ZejxM| Df‡qi kwiq‡Zi
¯—‡¤¢i GB m`yi cÖmvix cv_©K¨ _vKv m‡ËI DfqB Qybœx
e‡jB `vex K‡i _v‡Kb! GB Qybœx ebvg Qybœx‡`i g‡a¨ cÖvq
†`o kZ ermi hver i³cvZ Z_v mv¤cÖ`vwqK hy× weMÖn

193

P‡j, eZ©gv‡b Qybœx ZejxM RvgvZ K”Qc ev kvgyK bxwZ
MÖnY Kivq hy×-weMÖn K‡g †M‡Q| cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Avn&‡j
QybœvZ Iqvj RvgvZ †gvm‡jg bv‡g Qybœx‡`i Avi GKwU
Dc-wUDgvi i‡q‡Q| Zv‡K Qybœx Invex‡`i wUDgviI ejv
hvq| AZtci 18 kZ‡Ki †kl w`‡K Avng`xqv bv‡g Avi
GKwU Dc`j, Qybœx †LZve eR©b K‡i, wgR©v †Mvjvg Avn¤§`
mv‡n‡ei †bZ…‡Z¡ AvÍcÖKvk K‡i, hviv Kvw`qvbx bv‡gI
cwiwPZ| ax‡i ax‡i Zviv Agymwjg‡`i c„ó‡cvlKZvq
Avš—R©vwZK cwiwPwZ I mg_©b jvf K‡i|
ag© we‡k¦ mw¤§wjZ †gvmjgvbMY msL¨vi w`K †_‡K
m¤¢eZt Z…Zxq ¯’v‡b _vK‡jI AvÍ-Kjn, gZ‡f`,
LybvLybx, mš¿vm, mv¤cÖvwqKZvi msL¨vq †kªô‡Z¡i `vex iv‡L!
G‡nb Ae¯’vq Avngw` ev kxqv, Qybœx, Invex BZ¨vw` ci¯úi
Kv‡di, †gviZv` d‡Zvqv w`‡jI gyjZt Giv mK‡jB GKB
Aciv‡ai Avmvgx; KviY Giv mK‡jB †Kviv‡bi †gŠwjK
wb‡`©k Agvb¨ K‡i g~j †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡q‡Q| QybœxMYI bex
ev Dc-bexi [?] gva¨‡g ¯^-¯^ KI‡gi bvg cwieZ©b,
cwiea©b I ms‡hvRb K‡ib; hw`I welqUv Zviv †gŠwLK ev
KvMR Kj‡g ev cÖPviYvq ¯^xKvi bv Ki‡jI Kg© I `k©b
Z‡_¨ Zv cÖgvwYZ Ges Zv ÔI‡cb wm‡µU|Õ KviY †Kvb bex
Qvov D¤§‡Zi ev KI‡gi bvg cwieZ©b, ms‡hvRb Kivi
AwaKvi Ab¨ Kv‡iv †bB, hv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| wKš‘
Avng`xqv‡`i a¨vb-aviYv I wek¦v‡mi g~j Dcbex ev
mnKvix bex bb eis Zv‡`i wek¦v‡m †Lv` bexi gva¨‡gB
Zv‡`i KIgx bvg cwieZ©b K‡i, mivmwi Qybœx bvg
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i, ÔAvng`xqv †gvm‡jgÕ bvg aviY K‡ib|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Qybœx‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB Avng`xqv‡`i Rb¥
nq e‡j Qybœx m¤cÖ`v‡qi ¯^v‡_© Pig AvNvZ nv‡b Ges Zviv
weeªZ‡eva K‡ib| Avi †m Kvi‡YB cvwK¯’vbx Qybœx miKvi,
¶gZvi N„Y¨ ¯^v‡_© Zv‡`i‡K Agymwjg †NvlYv K‡ib Ges
we‡k¦i mgMÖ Qybœx m¤cÖ`vq mg_©bcÖvß nb| Dwj−wLZ
†Kviv‡bi †NvlYvi Av‡jv‡K kxqv, QybœxMY †h †`v‡l †`vlx,
wVK †mB GKB †`v‡lB Avng`xqvMYI †`vlx; hw`I Df‡qi
wek¦vm I g‡Zi GKwU gvÎ cv_©K¨ Av‡Q| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ †Kvb
†`k ev `j Dc-`j¸wji Ggb †Kvb †KvivwbK AwaKvi ev

`vwqZ¡I †bB †h, be¨ ev cyiv‡bv, ¶z`ª wKsev e„nr †Kvb `j
ev Dc`‡ji wek¦v‡mi Dci AbwaKvi n¯—‡¶c Kiv ev
Agymwjg †NvlYv Kiv| †h‡nZz ZvivI H GKB †`v‡l `~lxZ|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ †gvm‡jg-A‡gvm‡jg, avwg©K-Aavwg©K, f`ªAf`ª BZ¨vw` e¨w³ I `jxq `vex ev ivq cÖ`vb ee©i
AZ¨vPvi gvÎ| Z‡e e¨w³ ev `j ¯^-¯^ cwiPq †c‡Z cv‡i
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K| wbLyZ I wbi‡c¶ ivq w`‡Z cv‡i:
†Kvivb, †dviKvb, wgRv‡bi cÖZ¨¶ Abymi‡Y wbi‡c¶,
wb`©jxq, wbt¯^v_© ZË¡veavqK Ávbx e¨w³ Ges GKgvÎ
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ [Av`k©] Qvov hvi Ab¨ †Kvb `vex-`vIqv †bB,
AZtci `~i`k©x me©Rb ¯^xK…Z I mgw_©Z cÖK…Z ÁvbxweÁvbx| Ab¨ †Kvb `j, Dc-`j ev miKvi bq| cwi‡k‡l
mKj `j Dc-`‡ji mZK©Zvi Rb¨ Ges ms‡kva‡bi Rb¨
G m¤^‡Ü Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji Av‡iv `yÕwU wb‡`©k ewY©Z n‡jv:
1. kvivAv jvKzg-- AvjvB‡n gvBDbœxeyb| [42:ïiv-13]
A_©: wZwb †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ wewae× K‡i‡Qb †mB ag©B,
hvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb byn‡K-Avi Avwg Awn K‡iwQ
†Zvgv‡K Ges hvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQjvg Beªvnxg gyQv I
Cmv‡K: GB e‡j †h, †Zvgiv ag© aviY Ki‡e Ges
Dnv‡Z `jv`wj I gZ‡f` m„wó Ki‡e bv|
2. Agv- Zvdvi¦vKz-- evBbvûg| [42:ïiv-14] A_©:
Dnviv †R‡b ï‡bB †KejgvÎ ci¯úi wnsmv we‡Ø‡li
Kvi‡YB wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ `jv`wj I gZ‡f`
NUv‡”Q/NUv‡e|
wek¦v‡mi GKwU Aw¯—Z¡ I iƒc †iLv Av‡Q, Av‡Q PwiÎ I
welqe¯‘| mvaviYZ †gŠwLK wek¦v‡mi wµqv cÖwZwµqv
A_©nxY| †hgb: Av‡gwiKvi †cÖwm‡W›U wg: evivK Ievgv,
we‡k¦i mK‡jB Zv Cgvb K‡ib| bex-ivQyj I Avj−vn‡K,
ag© wb‡q hviv SMov-dvQv`, gvivgvwi, mš¿vmx I
mv¤cÖ`vwqK ؇›Ø, Avcb mgvR Z_v †`‡k-we‡`‡k Anin
†Mvj‡hvM I Akvwš— m„wó K‡i Pj‡Qb, Zviv mK‡jB
wek¦vm K‡ib| †Kvivb †h †gvm‡jg‡`i ag©xq MÖš’, †e`MxZv wn›`y‡`i ag©xq MÖš’, †Zvivn-BÄxj Bûw`, wLª÷vb‡`i
ag©MÖš’ BZ¨vw` we‡k¦i mK‡jB ci¯úi ¯^xKvi K‡ib; wKš‘
¯^-¯^ AbymiY I Abykxj‡bi wek¦vm, Kg/†ewk cv_©K¨ e‡U!

194

cÖK…Z mZ¨ I wek¦vm wKš‘ GKK I Awfbœ| wek¦vmwU kvwš—c~Y©
Kg©†cÖiYv I cÖKi‡Yi gva¨‡g Aw¯—‡Z¡i iƒc-†iLvq cÖwZwôZ
Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j, †m wek¦vm Avi Awek¦v‡mi Zdvr †Zgb
wKQy †bBGes Zvi djvdjI Abyiƒc e‡U|
*
64 Avng`xqv †gvm‡jg
GB Rvgv‡Zi cÖwZôvZv wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng`| ÒwZwb
fviZe‡l©i cvÄve cÖ‡`‡ki wRjv ¸i“`vmcy‡ii Kvw`qvb
bvgK MÖv‡g Bs 1835 mv‡j Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib| wZwb †NvlYv
K‡ib †h, KziAvb Ges Ab¨vb¨ ag©MÖ‡š’i fwel¨Øvbx Abyhvqx
Avj−vnZvqvjv Zuv‡K gvbeRvwZi Rb¨ gwmn I gvn&`x Ges
†kl hy‡Mi cÖwZkÖ“Z gnvcyi“liƒ‡c †cÖiY K‡i‡Qb| ag© cÖPvi
I cÖwZôvi Rb¨ wZwb Bs 1889 mv‡j Avng`xqv Rvgv‡Zi
cÖwZóv K‡ib| wZwb 88 Lvbv cy¯—K iPbv K‡ib| Bs
1908 mv‡j wZwb ci‡jvK Mgb K‡ib| [eZ©gv‡b wgh©v
gvQi“i Avng` 5g Ljxdvi `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Qb|
†h‡nZz Zviv bZzb `j wnmv‡e cÖwZwóZ †m‡nZz Zv‡`i
m¤^‡Ü Rvbvi Drmvn _vKv DwPr:
bex‡Z¡i me©cÖavb gvcKvwV ev mv¶x n‡jv Zvi g~L wbtm„Z
Awn Ges Zv mZ¨vm‡Z¨i hyw³-cÖgvb n‡jv, wKQy AvMvg Lei,
bZzb Z_¨ I ZË¡ wfwËK mvgvwMÖK Kj¨v‡Y ag©-Kg© ms¯‹vi|
AZGe Zvi Awn¸wj ‡Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z cix¶v-bxwi¶v,
wePvi we‡ePbv, M‡elYv K‡i MÖnY-eR©b Kiv DwPr| ¯§iY
ivLv `iKvi †h, Kv‡iv ag© wek¦v‡mi Dci n¯—‡¶c ev †Rvi
hei`w¯—, N„Yv †Kvivb †Kvb g‡ZB mg_©b K‡i bv| wb‡æ †ek
wKQy Awn ewY©Z n‡jv:
avivevwnK Awn:
Ò†n Avng`, †Lv`v †Zvgvi g‡a¨ eiKZ ivwLqv w`qv‡Qb|
hvnv wKQy Zzwg PvjvBqvQ Zvnv Zzwg PvjvI bvB, eis †Lv`v
PvjvBqv‡Qb| †Lv`v †Zvgv‡K †KivAvb wkLvBqv‡Qb|

A_©vr Bnvi mwVK A_© †Zvgvi wbKU cÖKvk Kwiqv‡Qb,
hvnv‡Z Zzwg H mKj †jvK‡K mZK© Kwi‡e hvnv‡`i evc`v`v‡K kZ© Kiv nq bvB Ges hvnv‡Z Acivax‡`i‡K aivi
iv¯—v Lywjqv hvq, A_©vr Rvbv hvq †K †Zvgvi cÖwZ wegyL
nq| ej, Avwg †Lv`vi Zid nB‡Z cÖZ¨vw`ó nBqvwQ Ges
Avwg me©cÖ_g Bgvb AvbqbKvix| ej, mZ¨ Avwmqv‡Q Ges
wg_¨v cjvqY Kwiqv‡Q Ges wg_¨v cjvqY KwiZB| cÖ‡Z¨K
eiKZ †gvnv¤§` (mv) Gi Zid nB‡Z| AZGe eo Kj¨vY
gwÛZ †m evw³, †h wk¶v w`qv‡Q Ges †h wk¶v cvBqv‡Q|
Zvnviv ewj‡e †h Bnv Inx b‡n| K_v¸wj wb‡Ri Zid
nB‡Z evbvBqv‡Q| Zvnvw`M‡K ej wZwb †Lv`v, whwb GB
K_v¸wj AeZxY© Kwiqv‡Qb| AZtci Zvnvw`M‡K nvwmZvgvmvi aviYvq Qvwoqv `vI| Zvnvw`M‡K ej, hw` GB
K_v¸wj Avgvi evbv‡bv nq Ges †Lv`vi K_v bq Z‡e Avwg
K‡Vvi kvw¯—i †hvM¨ nBe Ges H e¨w³ A‡c¶v eo hvwjg
†K, †h Avj−vni cÖwZ wg_¨v iUbv K‡i I wg_¨v Av‡ivc
K‡i? wZwb Zvnvi iQyj I cÖZ¨vw`ó‡K †n`vqvZ Ges mZ¨
ag© mnKv‡i cvVvBqv‡Qb, †hb wZwb Bnv‡K mKj a‡g©i
Dci Rq hy³ Kwiqv †`b| †Lv`vi K_v c~Y© nBqvB _v‡K|
†KnB Bnv cwieZ©b Kwi‡Z cv‡i bv| †jv‡Kiv ewj‡e, GB
gh©v`v Zzwg †Kv_v nB‡Z cvBqvQ? GB †h Gjnv‡gi gva¨‡g
ejv nB‡Z‡Q Bnv‡Zv gvby‡li K_v Ges Bnv Ab¨‡`i
mvnv‡h¨ evbv‡bv nBqv‡Q| †n †jv‡Kiv †Zvgiv Rvwbqv
ïwbqv GKwU cÖZviYvi g‡a¨ RovB‡ZQ? GB e¨w³
†Zvgvw`‡M‡K †h mKj Iqv`v w`‡Z‡Q GB¸wj c~Y© nIqv
Kxfv‡e m¤¢e I Z`ycwi GBiƒc e¨w³i Iqv`vi Kx g~j¨
Av‡Q, †h nxb I wbK…ó? GB e¨w³ †Zv gyL© I Db¥v`, †h
Av‡evj Zv‡evj K_v e‡j| Bnvw`M‡K ej Avgvi wbKU
†Lv`vi mv¶¨ Av‡Q| myZivs †Zvgiv wK MÖnY Kwi‡e, bv wK
MÖnY Kwi‡e bv? AZtci Bnvw`M‡K ej, Avgvi wbKU
†Lv`vi mv¶¨ Av‡Q| myZivs †Zvgiv wK Cgvb Avwb‡e, bv

195

wK Avwb‡e bv? Avwg Bnvi c~‡e© GK `xN© mgq †Zvgv‡`i
mv‡_B KvUvB‡Z wQjvg| †Zvgiv wK eywS‡ZQ bv? GB gh©v`v
†Zvgvi cÖfyi `qvq jvf KwiqvwQ| wZwb ¯^xq cyi¯‹vi
†Zvgvi Dci c~Y© Kwi‡eb| AZGe Zzwg mymsev` `vI|
†Lv`vi dh‡j Zzwg Db¥v` bn| AvKv‡k †Zvgvi Rb¨¨ GKwU
D”P gh©v`v I gvKvg iwnqv‡Q| GZبZxZ Avgv‡`i `„wó‡ZI
†Zvgvi D”P gh©v`v I gvKvg iwnqv‡Q, hvnviv †`wL‡Z cvq|
†Zvgvi Rb¨ Avwg wb`k©b †`LvBe| hvnviv AÆvwjKv wbg©vb
K‡i Avgiv Zvnv Pzigvi Kwiqv w`e| H †Lv`vi cÖksmv
whwb †Zvgv‡K gmxn Be‡b gwiqg evbvBqv‡Qb| wZwb †h
mKj KvR K‡ib †m mKj Kv‡Ri Rb¨ wZwb wRÁvwmZ nb
bv Ges †jvKw`M‡K Zvnv‡`i KvR m¤ú‡K© wRÁvmv Kiv
nq| Zvnviv ewjj, Zzwg wK GBiƒc e¨w³‡K (Ljxdv)
evbvB‡ZQ, †h c„w_ex‡Z wek„•Ljv m„wó K‡i? wZwb
ewj‡jb, Zvnvi m¤ú‡K© Avwg hvnv wKQy Rvwb †Zvgiv Zvnv
Rvb bv| Avwg H e¨w³‡K jvwÂZ Kwie, †h †Zvgv‡K
jvwÃZ Kivi B”Qv †cvlY Kwi‡e| Avgvi ˆbK‡U¨ _vwKqv
Avgvi imyj †Kvb `ykgb‡K fq K‡i bv| †Lv`v wjwLqv
w`qv‡Qb †h Avwg I Avgvi imyj Rqhy³ nBqv hvBe| †Lv`v
Giƒc b‡nb †h, hZ¶Y ch©š— cweÎ I Acwe‡Îi g‡a¨
cv_©K¨ Kwiqv bv †`LvB‡eb, ZZ¶Y ch©š— †Zvgv‡K Qvwoqv
w`‡eb|--| Avwg B”Qv Kwijvg †h, Avgvi Ljxdv
evbvBe| AZGe, Avwg GB Av`g‡K m„wó Kwijvg| †m
†Lv`vi wbKUeZ©x nBj| `yBwU aby‡Ki GK Zš¿x nBqv †Mj,
A_ev Dnv nB‡ZI wbKUeZ©x nBqv †Mj| †m g„Z‡K RxweZ
Kwi‡e Ges kixqZ‡K cÖwZwôZ Kwi‡e| †n Av`g! Zzwg
Ges †Zvgvi eÜz †e‡nk‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki| †n gwiqg! Zzwg
Ges †Zvgvi eÜz †enk‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki| †n Avng`! Zzwg Ges
†Zvgvi eÜz †e‡nk‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki| †Zvgv‡K mvnvh¨ Kiv
nB‡e Ges wei“×ev`xiv ewj‡e, GLb D‡c¶v Kivi AeKvk
bvB| †h mKj †jvK Kv‡di nBqv wMqv‡Q Ges †Lv`vi c‡_

cÖwZeÜK nBqv‡Q Zvnvw`M‡K cvim¨ eskxq GK e¨w³ i`
Kwiqv‡Q| †Lv`v Zvnvi cÖ‡Póvi Rb¨ K…ZÁ| GB mKj
†jvK wK e‡j, Avgiv GKwU kw³kvjx Rvgv‡Zi aŸsmKvix?
GB mKj †jvK cjvqY Kwi‡e Ges c„ô cÖ`k©b Kwi‡e| Zzwg
Avgvi wbKU AvR mb¥v‡bi AwaKvix GKRb wek¦¯— e¨w³-| cweÎ gynv¤§` gy¯—vdv bexM‡Yi †bZv| †Lv`v †Zvgvi mKj
Kg©‡K mwVK Kwiqv w`‡eb| †Zvgvi mKj D‡Ïk¨ c~Y©
nB‡e| †mbvevwnbxi gvwjK GB w`‡K g‡bvwb‡ek Kwi‡eb|
GB wb`k©‡bi A_© GB †h, KziAvb kixd †Lv`vi †KZve
Ges Avgvi gy‡Li K_v| †n Cmv! Avwg †Zvgv‡K g„Zz¨ w`e
Ges †Zvgv‡K wb‡Ri w`‡K D‡Ëjb Kwie| Avwg †Zvgvi
Abymvixw`M‡K †Zvgvi A¯^xKviKvixw`‡Mi Dci †KqvgZ
ch©š— weRqx ivwLe| Avwg Avgvi PgK †`LvBe| wb‡Ri
Kz`i‡Z †Zvgv‡K DbœxZ Kwie| c„w_ex‡Z GKRb mZK©Kvix
Avwmqv‡Q| wKš‘ c„w_exevmx Zvnv‡K MÖnY K‡i bvB| wKš‘
†Lv`v Zvnv‡K MÖnY Kwi‡eb Ges kw³kvjx AvµgYmg~n Øviv
Zvnvi mZ¨Zv cÖKvk Kwi‡eb| Zzwg Avgvi wbKU GBiƒc,
†hiƒc Avgvi GKZ¡ I AwØZxqZv| --Zzwg mb¥vwbZ gwkn
hvnvi mgq webó Kiv nB‡e bv| †Zvgvi b¨vq gwb gy³v
webó nB‡Z cv‡i bv| AvKv‡k †Zvgvi eo gh©v`v Av‡Q-|Ó [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn; wgR©v †Mvjvg Avng`,gwmn gvID`
I Bgvg gvn&`x (Av:); cÖKvkK:gRwj‡m Avbmvi“j−vn,
evsjv‡`k]
Av‡iv wKQy wew¶ß Awn:
Ò1. †h mKj †jvK Kv‡di nBqv †Lv`vZvÕjvi c‡_
cÖwZeÜKZv m„wó K‡i GKRb cvim¨ es‡kv™¢yZ e¨w³
Zvnvw`M‡K i` Kwi‡e| †Lv`v Zvnvi cÖ‡Pói Rb¨ K…ZÁ|
[wZwb Av‡iv GKwU Inx‡Z Avgvi m¤ú‡K© e‡jb:] 2.hw`
Cgvb myivBqvq Pwjqv hvq Z‡e cvim¨ eskxq GK e¨w³
†mLvb nB‡ZI Bnv‡K bvgvBqv Avwb‡eb| 3. [AZtci
Av‡iv GKwU Awn‡Z wZwb Avgv‡K m‡¤^vab Kwiqv e‡jb:]

196

†n cvi‡m¨i mš—vbiv! ZInx`‡K ai, ZInx`‡K ai| 4.
mvjgvb [A_©vr GB LvKmvi,] †h `yBwU mwÜi wfwË ¯’vcb
K‡i, †m Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ nB‡e| †m Avn‡j eqvZ (A_©:
bexi eskai-Abyev`K)| 5. †Zvgvi M„‡ni Pvi †`Iqv‡ji
g‡a¨ hvnviv Av‡Q Zvnv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨K‡K Avwg †c−M nB‡Z
i¶v Kwie| 6. Kvnvi `ytmvnm †h, †Lv`vi AbygwZ Qvov
mycvwik K‡i? [GK wgwbUI AwZµvš— nq bvB , Ggb mgq
Avj−vni Zid nB‡Z GB Inx nBj:] 7. †Zvgv‡K mycvwik
Kivi AbygwZ †`Iqv nBj| 8. Avgvi †Q‡j ekxi P¶z
†gwjj| [ZLb †Lv`vZvÕjvi dhj I `qvq H w`bB Zvnvi
†PvL fvj nBqv †Mj|] 8. [GKevi Avwg wb‡RB cxwoZ
nBqv cwojvg| Ggb wK Awš—g Ae¯’v g‡b Kwiqv Avgv‡K
wZbevi myiv Bqvmxb ïbv‡bv nBj| wKš‘ †Lv`vZvjv Avgvi
†`vqv Keyj Kwiqv †Kvb Jla QvovB Avgv‡K Av‡ivM¨ `vb
Kwi‡jb| ZLb Avwg cÖvZtKv‡j DwVjvg ZLb Avwg
m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c my¯’ wQjvg Ges m‡½ m‡½B †Lv`vi GB Inx
nBj:] hw` Zzwg GB `qvi e¨vcv‡i m‡›`n Ki, hvnv Avwg
Avgvi ev›`vi Dci AeZxY© KwiqvwQ, Z‡e GB Av‡iv‡M¨i
†Kvb `„óvš— †ck Ki| 9. Avgv‡K WvK Avwg †Zvgvi Wv‡K
mvov w`e|10. Zywg Avgvi wbKU Avgvi AvikZzj¨ Zzwg
Avgvi mš—vbZzj¨| 11. †Lv`vi Kmg GB fywgK¤ú Avmv
mZ¨--| 12. Zzwg †Zvgvi `~‡ii GK eskai‡K †`wLqv
jB‡e| 13. hw` Avwg †Zvgv‡K m„wó bv KwiZvg Z‡e
AvKvkmg~n m„wó KwiZvg bv Avgvi wbKU PvI| Avwg
†Zvgv‡K w`e| †Zvgvi nvZ Av‡Q| †Zvgvi †`vqv Av‡Q Ges
†Lv`vi Zid nB‡Z `qv Av‡Q| 13. Avwg †gŠjex †gvnv¤§`
†nv‡mb evUvjfx‡K †kl mg‡q Lei w`qv w`e †h, Zzwg
m‡Z¨i Dci bI| †Lv`v `qvjy I `vZv|14. Avwg Avgvi
B”Qv KLbI cwiZ¨vM Kwie Ges KL‡bv Zvnv c~Y©
Kwie|15. H †KqvgZ m`„k f~wgK¤ú, hvnvi Rb¨ H †Q‡j
wb`k©b nB‡e, Dnv‡K Avgiv Ab¨ GKwU mg‡q wba©vwiZ

KwiqvwQ| 16. GB Rb¨ Zvnvi ü`‡qi inm¨ m¤ú‡K© ÁvZ
†Lv`v Zvnv‡K ÔmKj bex Ges mKj AvIqvjxb I
Av‡Lixb‡`i Dci †kªôZ¡ `vb K‡ib| 17. Avwg Kmg
Kwi‡ZwQ H mËvi hvnvi n‡¯— Avgvi cÖvY Av‡Q, hw` gmxn
Be‡b gwiqg Avgvi hy‡M Avwm‡Zb Z‡e †h KvR Avwg
Kwi‡Z cvwi wZwb KL‡bv Zvnv Kwi‡Z cvwi‡Zb bv Ges †h
wb`k©b AvgvØviv cÖKvwkZ nB‡Z‡Q wZwb KL‡bv Zvnv
†`LvB‡Z cvwi‡Zb bv| 18. [Avwg PvwnqvwQjvg †h, Avwg
†Mvcb _vwKe Ges †Mvc‡b gwie| wKš‘ wZwb ewj‡jb]
Avwg †Zvgv‡K mgMÖ RM‡Z gh©v`vi mwnZ L¨vwZ `vb
Kwie|19. †Lv`v †`LvB‡Z‡Qb †h GB iQy‡ji bMY¨ `vm
BmivCjx gmxn Be‡b gwiq‡gi PvB‡Z eo| 20. hvnv‡`i
wbKU Avgvi `vIqvZ †cuŠQv m‡Z¡I Avgv‡K MÖnY K‡i bvB
Zvnviv gymjgvb b‡n|-- Avgv‡K bv gvbvi `i“b †Kn
Kv‡di nq bv| 21. [ Avwg †`wL‡ZwQ †Lv`vZvjvi dhj
GBiƒ‡c Avgvi mv‡_ Av‡Q †h, Avgvi Rb¨ Ôû¾ZÕ
Kv‡q‡gi wbwg‡Ë Ges ¯^xq bex Kix‡gi ag© cÖPv‡ii Rb¨
†Lv`vZvjv H mKj DcKiY wba©vwiZ Kwiqv ivwLqv‡Qb
hvnv BwZc~‡e© †Kvb bex‡K †`Iqv nq bvB--|] 22. Zywg
Avgvi ZvInx` I GK‡Z¡i Zzj¨| AZGe H mgq Avwmqv
wMqv‡Q †h, †Zvgv‡K me©cÖKv‡ii mvnvh¨ cÖ`vb Kiv nB‡e|
c„w_ex‡Z †Zvgvi bvg mb¥v‡bi mwnZ QovBqv †`Iqv
nB‡e|23. Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K †gvKv‡ejvi gq`v‡b mvnvh¨
Kwi‡eb| 24. †n bvix! ZIev Ki, ZIev Ki| †Kbbv
†Zvgvi †g‡q Ges †g‡qi †g‡qi Dci GKwU wec` Avmbœ|
25. Dnvi wKq`sk Aek¨B †Zvgv‡`i Dc‡i ewZ©‡e|
[Avng` †e‡Mi g„Zz¨i mwbœKU mg‡q Zvnvi Avcb Rb‡`i
g‡a¨I g„Zz¨ NwU‡e| BnvI ev¯—‡e NwUqv‡Q| Avng` †e‡Mi
GK †Q‡j I `yB †evb GB mg‡qB gwiqv hvq|] 26. `vb
cÖwZ`v‡b Av‡¶c wK‡mi? 27. h‡_ó, GB ¶gvi c_
(Avj−vn)-B †`LvBqv‡Qb| †n ¶gvkxj cÖfy! ZvwiL

197

†`LvBqvQ, evn& evn&-Bqv Mvdzi| 28.Kmg AvKv‡ki Ges
Kmg H `yN©Ubvi hvnv myh©v‡¯—i ci NwU‡e| [Zuvi evevi
g„Zz¨i Awn-‡jLK]| 29. Avwg Z‡jvqvi Øviv hy× KwiqvwQ|
AZGe cwiYvg GB nBj †h, `ykgb aŸsm nBqv †Mj Ges
Zvnv‡`i DcKiYI webó nBj| [GLv‡b `ykgb Øviv GKRb
†WcywU Bbm‡c±i‡K eySv‡bv nBqv‡Q †h Ly‡Yi m‡›`‡n
gvgjv mvRvBqv wQj-‡jLK|] Ae‡k‡l †m †c−‡M aŸsm
nBj|] 30. [Avgvi GKwU †Q‡j gviv wMqvwQj Zvnv‡`i
ixwZ Abyqvqx wei“×ev`xiv GB †Q‡ji g„Zz¨‡Z Lye Avb›`
cÖKvk KwiqvwQj ZLb †Lv`v Avgv‡K mymsev` w`qv e‡jbt]
†Lv`vZvjv, Bnvi wewbg‡q kxNÖB Ab¨ GKwU †Q‡ji Rb¥
nB‡e| Zvnvi bvg nB‡e gvngy`| 31. [Bnvi ci †Lv`vZvjv
Mf©ve¯’vq GKwU †g‡qi mymsev` †`b Ges Zvnvi m¤ú‡K©
e‡jbt] AjsKvivw`i g‡a¨ jvwjZ-cvwjZ nB‡e| 32.
[GB †g‡qi ci Av‡iv GKwU †g‡qi mymsev` †`Iqv nBj
†h, Av‡iv GKwU †g‡qi Rb¥ nB‡e] mb¥vwbZ †g‡q| 33.
Avwg PviwU †Q‡j w`e| [Zvnviv nBj: gvngy` Avng`, ekxi
Avng`, kixd Avng` I †gveviK Avng`|] 34. [Avgvi
åvZv giûg wgh©v †Mvjvg Kv‡`i-Gi g„Zz¨ m¤ú‡K©
fwel¨ØvYx| Bnv‡Z Avgvi GK cy‡Îi c¶ nB‡Z A‡b¨i
w`K nB‡Z e³e¨ ¯^iƒc Avgvi wbKU GB Bjnvg nBj:] †n
PvPv! †ek †LwjqvQ wb‡Ri †Ljv, †LwjqvQ †Zv †ek| wKš‘
Avd‡mvm! Avgvi evovBqv w`qvQ A‡bK| 35. ˆmq` es‡k
H weevn nB‡e| 35. KZB bv `ykg‡bi Ni-evox Zzwg bó
Kwiqv w`qvQ| 36. wbðqB Avwg imyjM‡Yi Aš—M©Z| 36.
Avgvi †Q‡j ekxi †`wL‡Z jvwMj [†Q‡ji †PvL bó
n‡qwQj|] ZLb H w`bB ev c‡ii w`b †m my¯’ nBqv †Mj|
37. Zzwg GKwU †e`bvwKó Di“‡`k †`wL‡e [ Di“‡`‡ki
e¨v_vi †ivMx AvMg‡bi fwel¨r evYx-‡jLK] 38. hLb Zzwg
Amy¯’ nI ZLb wZwb †Zvgv‡K Av‡ivvM¨ `vb K‡ib| 39.
weev‡ni Rb¨ †Zvgvi hvnv wKQy cÖ‡qvRb nB‡e Dnvi

hveZxq miÄv‡gi e¨e¯’v Avwg Kwie|--| [e¯‘Z GBiƒc
NwUj] 40. Avwg †Zvgvi mKj †`vqv Keyj Kwie, wKš‘
kixK‡`i m¤ú‡K© †`vqv Keyj Kwie bv| [ wZwb Avgv‡K
GZ mb¥vb w`qv‡Qb †h, K‡qK j¶ gvbyl Avgvi cv‡q
cwo‡Z‡Q|]Ó[`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn, Bmjvgx bxwZ `k©b,
wKkwZ‡q-byn
BZ¨vw`;
wgh©v
†Mvjvg
Avng`;
cÖKvkbv:Avn&g`xqv gymwjg RvgvZ, evsjv‡`k ]
e¨w³MZ wew¶ß mgv‡jvPbv:
wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng` mv‡ne wewfbœ wk‡ivbv‡g 88 Lvbv MÖš’
iPbv K‡ib; GB mg~n MÖš’ Kg© ev AKg©Rxex Kv‡iv c‡¶B
c‡o †kl Kiv m¤¢e bq| Zvi 4/5 Lvwb MÖš’ c‡o †`Lv
†Mj †h Dnvi welqe¯‘ GKgvÎ Zvi bex‡Z¡i `vexi eY©bv
gvÎ| Zvi Awn Gjnv‡gi ¯^c‡¶ Kmg, ¯^-Dw³, ¯^cœ Ges
Dnvi ev¯—evq‡Yi `wjj cÖgvY, nvw`m Ges Kwe,f³M‡Yi
Dw³, cÎ, BZ¨vw`‡Z ficyi Ges cÖvq mKj MÖ‡š’B GKB
K_vi cybt cybt cybive„wË gvÎ| †Kvivb Nb Nb Kmg
LvIqv e¨w³‡K wek¦vm Ki‡Z wb‡la K‡i‡Q| Ajv ZzwZD
K¡yj−v nvjvwd¤§vwnb| [68:Kvjvg-10] A_©: Ges Zzwg
AvbyMZ¨ KwiI bv-cig jvwÃZ AwaK KmgKvixi/hviv Nb
Nb Kmg K‡i Zv‡`i‡K AbymiY KwiI bv| c¶vš—‡i Zvi
`vwei c‡¶ kZ kZ evi Kmg †L‡q‡Qb| GK c„óvi GKwU
AvnŸv‡b wZwb 9 evi Kmg †L‡q‡Qb [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn;
wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng`, gyLeÜ|] Zvi Awn‡Z ag© ms¯‹vi Z_v
mgvR Dbœq‡bi bZzb [bvev] Z_¨ I ZË¡ m¤^wjZ welqe¯‘
G‡Kev‡iB Abycw¯’Z| Zvi ‡kªôZg cÖgvb ¯^iƒc: ÔGKgvÎ
bex I CQvi ¯^vfvweK g„Zy¨ `vwe Qvov mybœx‡`i mv‡_ Zv‡`i
wZj cwigvYI cv_©K¨ ‡bB, †bB †Kvb ms‡kvab Ges
ms¯‹v‡ii ms‡hvRb| AZGe Zuvi hveZxq MÖ‡š’i welqe¯‘
†h GKB Zv bv c‡oI wbtm‡›`‡n ejv hvq| c¶vš—‡i mybœx
ev Ab¨‡`i m‡½ bvgvR, we‡q-mv`x, IVv-emv nvivg g‡b
K‡ib| A_©vr cÖKv‡k¨ †Nvlbv bv Ki‡jI Ab¨vb¨ `j-

198

Dc`‡ji gZB G‡K Ab¨‡K †hgb Kv‡di ev Agymwjg
fv‡eb wVK †ZgwbB ZviI Ab¨‡`i Abyiƒc wek¦vm K‡ib
e‡jB GgbwK we‡q-mv`xI nvivg g‡b K‡ib|
†Kviv‡bi †NvlYv Abyhvqx mKj bex‡K Zvi RvwZq
fvlv‡ZB Awn bvwRj K‡i‡Qb, hv‡Z RbmvavY mnRfv‡e
eyS‡Z cv‡i| bex‡`i Dci Awn nq Avcb fvlvq Ges Zv
Rbmvavi‡Yi Rb¨B; wKš‘ wZwb D`©y-cvÄve fvlx n‡qI Zvi
Awni wekvj AskB Aviex I BsivwR‡Z G‡m‡Q hv ¯^
RvwZq‡`i Kv‡Q G‡Kev‡iB A‡eva¨| wnw›` fvlvqI Zuvi
AMva cvwÛZ¡ wQj wKš‘ GKwU AwnI wnw›` fvlvq Av‡mwb|
GgbwK `‡ji bvgKiYI Aviex‡Z ÔAvng`xqvÕ †i‡L‡Qb|
c¶vš—‡i Ô‡gvm‡jgÕ bvgwU Beªvnx‡gi (mv) Avgj †_‡KB
ejer n‡q Avm‡Q, hw`I fvlvi e¨eavb wQj| Aviex
fvlv‡K mybœx kwiq‡Zi gZB Avj−vni fvlv wnmv‡eB wZwb
wek¦vm K‡ib| ZviB ewY©Z Ges ¯^xK…Z nvw`m g‡Z ÔBgvg
†gn`x G‡m µm fvs‡eb, `ywbqv Rq Ki‡eb|Õ wKš‘ AvR
kZ erm‡iI GgbwK µm ®úk© Kiv m¤¢e nqwb; hZUzKz m¤¢e
n‡q‡Q Avwd«Kvi Rbve Avn‡g` w``vZ Øviv| GKgvÎ CQvi
(mv) ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨B bexi AvMgY hyw³ m½Z
bq| wZwb wb‡RI Bnv mg_©b K‡ib Z`ycwi Ab¨vb¨ welq
m¤^‡Ü ms¯‹vi ev gnvbexi cÖwZ”Qvqv ev Ljxdv wnmv‡e
†KvivwbK cwigvwR©Z Z_¨ I ZË¡ welqK Abyev`, Avwe¯‹vi
I ms¯‹v‡i wZj cwigvY ¯^v¶i †bB| Zzjbv Ki‡j W:
ivkv` Ljxdv gxR©v mv‡n‡ei †P‡q DbœZ e‡j g‡b nq|
wZwb ‡hgb ag©kvkªwe` †Zgb ZK©evMxkI wQ‡jb; Z`ycwi
aviYv nq †h, mvab fRb K‡i wKQy wnwjs ¶gZv KivqZ¡
K‡iwQ‡jb| Dnvi mvnv‡h¨ Av‡ivM¨, gvgjv gKÏ©gvi Rq
Ges Awfkvc w`‡q gvby‡li g„Zz¨I nq‡Zv NUv‡Z cvi‡Zb;
Avi GRb¨B wZwb ag© cÖPv‡i hyw³ cÖgv‡bi D‡×© Nb Nb
†gvev‡njvq [wg_¨vPvixi g„Zz¨i k‡Z©] AZ¨š— AvMÖnx wQ‡jb|
Avi ZvB †`‡L mij, `ye©j RbmvaviY AvK…ó n‡Zb|

Zvi cÖavb MÖš’ ÔnvwKKvZzj AwnÕi 1g L‡Û 187wU fwel¨r
msewjZ Anx Av‡Q; Zvi cÖvq 99 fvMB e¨w³i Rb¥-g„Zz¨,
Avcb †Q‡j-‡g‡qi Rb¥-g„Zz¨, A_© cÖvwß, gKÏ©gvi Rq,
wei“×ev`x‡`i Dci Awfkvc [†gvev‡njv] Ges g„Zz¨ eiY;
Avcb we‡q, esk cwiPq BZ¨vw`i eY©bv w`‡q Zvi bexZ¡
cÖgv‡b m‡Pó n‡q‡Qb gvÎ| A_©vr wZwb bex wK bex bb
GKgvÎ BnvB cÖgv‡bi Rb¨B 88 Lvbv eB wj‡L‡Qb e‡jB
g‡b nq| bex‡`i BwZnv‡m Bnv GKwU weij I m‡›`nRbK
`„óvš—| wZwb AviI e‡jb:
ÒAvwg †Kej bgybv ¯^iƒc K‡qKwU fwel¨ØvYx G MÖ‡š’
wjwce× KwiqvwQ| wKš‘ cÖK…Zc‡¶ GBme fwel¨ØvYxi
msL¨v K‡qK j¶| GB¸wji aviv GL‡bv †kl nq bvB|
Avgvi Dci †Lv`vi evYx GZ wecyj cwigv‡Y AeZxY©
nBqv‡Q †h, hw` H¸wji me KqwU †jLv nq Z‡e 20 L‡Ûi
PvB‡Z Kg MÖš’ nB‡e bv--|Ó [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn, wgh©v
†Mvjvg Avng`; ÔAbyev`‡Ki K_vÕ Aa¨vq|]
A_©vr Zvi wjwLZ 88 LÛ eBi g‡a¨ m¤¢eZ `y-Pvi Lvbv
Awn Qvov evwK meB Awni evwn‡i eis wbR¯^ Dw³ e‡j
wb‡RB mv¶¨ w`‡”Qb! AmsL¨ Awn wZwb ¯^qs eR©b K‡iI
88 Lvbv MÖš’ iPbv K‡i‡Qb| wZwb ¯^qs wek¦vm Ki‡Zb ‡h,
Awn¸wj gvby‡li †Kvb DcKv‡i Avm‡e bv †f‡eB wZwb Zv
¯^qs eR©b K‡i‡Qb e‡j wek¦vm Kiv hvq|
H mg¯— MÖ‡š’ †Kv_vI e‡j‡Qb ‡h, wZwb Av`g †_‡K mKj
bex‡`i †kªô bex| GB Rgvbvq CQvi Rb¥ n‡j Zvi
AvbyMZ¨ Qvov †Kvb Dcvq wQj bv, Ab¨Î e‡j‡Qb †h,
wZwbB CQv gwkn BZ¨vw`| wkqv-mybœx m¤cÖ`vq AZx‡Zi
mKj bex‡K †`kxq, AvÂwjK ev mv¤cÖ`vwqK bex wnmv‡e
wek¦vm K‡ib Ges wZwbI Abyiƒc wek¦vm K‡ib [hv ‡Kvivb
mg_©b K‡i bv] e‡jB mKj bex‡`i Dci †kªôË¡Zv `vexi
mvnm †c‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ GKvav‡i †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] D¤§Z I
bex, Zvi cÖwZ”Qwe Ges Zvi †kl Ljxdv wnmv‡eI `vex

199

K‡ib| CQv‡K (mv) gyQvi (mv) †kl Ljxdv e‡j wek¦vm
K‡ib, wKš‘ gynv¤§`‡K (mv) CQvi (mv) Ljxdv ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z
cÖ¯‘Z bb; eis mybœx‡`i gZB bex †kªó, bex‡`i mi`vi
e‡jB wek¦vm K‡ib, Avevi KLbI ‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) †P‡qI
wbR‡K eo e‡j `vwe K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i mKj bexMYB
c~e©ewZ© bex‡`i cÖwZkÖ“Z bex-ivQyj, Bgvg ev Ljxdv
wnmv‡e †Kviv‡b cÖgvwbZ| wZwb wbR‡K gyRv‡Ï` e‡jI
`vex K‡ib Ges e‡jb, ÔGK kZ erm‡ii gv_vq GKRb
gyRv‡Ï` Av‡mb|Õ
Zuvi GB gš—‡e¨ R‰bK cvVK Zuvi c~‡e©i K‡qKRb
gyRv‡Ï‡`i bvg e‡j †`qvi cÖkœ K‡ib| wKš‘ wZwb AwZ
mvaviY ivRbxwZK‡`i gZB cÖkœwU †KŠk‡j Gwo‡q hvb, hv
GKRb mvaviY MÖvg¨ wkw¶Z †jv‡Ki c‡¶I †e-gvbvb|
cÖkœwUi Reve bv w`‡q wZwb eis Zv‡`i cvëv cÖkœ K‡ib
†h, ÔAv”Qv Bnv‡Zv ej, nhiZ Av`g nB‡Z ïi“ Kwiqv Auv
nhiZ [mv] ch©š— cª‡Z¨K RvwZ‡Z KZ bex Avwmqv‡Qb!
†Zvgiv Bnv ewjqv `vI Z‡e Avwg †gvRv‡Ï` m¤ú‡K©I
ewjqv w`e|Õ [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn, wgh©v †Mvjvg Avn&g`; c„:
158|]
GKRb bexi Kv‡Q cÖkœwU hZ mnR wQj Zvi †P‡q nvRvi
¸Y fvix GKwU cÖkœ Qy‡o w`‡jb mvaviY gvby‡li Kv‡Q!
m½Z cÖ‡kœi hyw³m½Z Reve †`qv bex‡`i PwiÎ myZivs
Zvui c~‡e©i Aš—Z GKRb †gvRv‡Ï‡`i bvg e‡j †`qv Zvui
Rb¨ diR wQj e‡U!
m¤¢eZt †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] D‡×©i `vexwU djcÖmy n‡e bv
‡f‡eB GZ`~i mvnm cvbwb, Avevi †Kv_vI mvnm
†c‡q‡QbI| Ôms¯‹viÕ MÖš’wU Zuvi nv‡Z co‡j Zvi bexZ¡
`vex m¤ú‡K© bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`L‡Zb wK bv! †K Rv‡b!
KvbvWv, Av‡gixKv I evsjv‡`‡k Zuvi Abymvix I †K›`ªxq
Awd‡m GKvwaK MÖš’ †cuŠQv‡bv n‡q‡Q wKš‘ ÔBkvj−vn Aek¨B
gš—e¨ Kiv n‡eÕ GB cÖ_g cÎ Qvov wØZxq Avi †Kvb cÎ ev

gš—e¨ evi evi Aby‡iva K‡iI cvIqv hvqwb| gRvi welq
n‡jv †hLv‡bB Zv‡`i mv‡_ Av‡jvPbvq e‡mwQ; †Kvb GK
mgq Zviv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB GKwU wbw`©ó cÖkœ K‡i‡Qb †h,
ÔAvcbvi Kv‡Q Awn nq?Õ hLbB DËi w`‡qwQ ÔbvÕ
Z`gyû‡Z©B ‡`ix bv K‡i inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y AvbyôvwbKZv
f½ K‡i P‡j †M‡Qb|
Z‡e GK_v wVK †h Ab¨vb¨ `j-Dc`‡ji Zzjvbvq msL¨v
jNyi cÖ‡kœB †nvK ev †h †Kvb Kvi‡YB †nvK Avng`xqvMY
DMÖev`x bq; Z‡e kZfvMB mv¤cÖ`vwqK I KÆi †gŠjev`x|
Zviv wbR¯^ wek¦v‡mi evwn‡i AKvU¨ mZ¨ cÖgvwbZ n‡jI
Zviv MÖnY Ki‡Z ivwR bb! hw`I Zv †Kvivb †_‡KB
cÖgvwbZ nq| Ab¨vb¨ `‡ji gZ Zv‡`iI wek¦vm †h,
AwP‡iB mgMÖ we‡k¦ Kvw`qvbx Bmjvg cÖwZwóZ n‡e|
Kvw`qvbx‡`i Agymwjg †Nvlbvi `wjj cÎ, hyw³-cÖgvb
wkqv, mybœx Kv‡ivB †bB; ZeyI Avgv‡`i Avj−vn (gvIjvbv)
gI`y`x mv‡ne wK‡mi wfwˇZ! wK‡mi †bkvq! Zvi KwZcq
f³ mvaviY mybœx‡`i‡K Zv‡`i wei“‡× nvqbvi gZ †jwj‡q
AmsL¨ wbixn Kvw`qvbx‡`i nZ¨vKiv‡jb Zv G‡Kev‡iB
A¯úó|
m¤cÖwZ evsjv‡`kx kwiqZ KwZcq †ckv`vix ¯^‡NvwlZ
Av‡jg‡`i H GKB ‰ckvwPK i‡³i †bkvq Avng`xqv‡`i
bvbvfv‡e hyjyg, AZ¨vPvi Ki‡Qb Ges `jwU‡K Agymwjg
†NvlYvi Rb¨ †Rvi Z`exi Ki‡Qb, hv m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb wei“×
Ges cÖKv‡k¨ Avj−vni AwaKv‡i mivmwi n¯—‡¶c| Zv‡`i
Agymwjg †NvlYvi c~‡e© ‡dviKv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wb‡R‡`i
cix¶v K‡i †bqv DwPr †h, wkqv, mybœx, nvbvwd, kvdx
BZ¨vw` `j-Dc`j¸wj †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z ˆea wK bv!
*
65 Kvwdi
kwiqZ mvaviYZt Ab¨ ag©vej¤^x‡`i Kvwdi e‡j MY¨

200

K‡i| g~jZt Aviex ÔKvwdiÕ A_©: †MvcbKvix, Ave„ZKvix,
we‡jvcKvix, AK…ZÁ; AZtci wnsmyK, AnsKvix, ee©i,
Avn¤§K, g~L©, we‡`ªvnx, mZ¨ j•Nb ev cÖZ¨vLvYKvix,
wg_¨vev`x BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| A_©vr Dwj−wLZ GK ev GKvwaK
†`vl m¤úbœ e¨w³‡KB Kvwdi e‡j †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq
ewY©Z Av‡Q| Bûw` L„óv‡`i bv‡gv‡j−L K‡i †Kviv‡bi
†Kv_vI mvgwMÖKfv‡e ÔKvwdiÕ e‡j †Nvlbv Kiv nqwb,
†hgb:
1.
wgbûgyj †gvwgbxbv -- dv‡QK¡xb| [3: Bgivb110] A_©: Zv‡`i g‡a¨ wKQy msL¨K ‡gvgxb
Av‡Q wKš‘ AwaKvskB mZ¨Z¨vMx|
2.
jvBQy QvIqvAvb --BqvmRy`yb| [3: Bgivb113] A_©:Zviv mK‡j GK iKg bq|
wKZvex‡`i g‡a¨ AwePwjZ GK`j Av‡Q; Zviv
ivwÎKv‡j Avj−vni AvqvZ cvV K‡i Ges
wmR`v K‡i| ciKv‡j (fwel¨‡Z) wek¦vmx,
mrKv‡Ri wb‡`©k †`q, Amr Kv‡R wb‡la
K‡i, mr Kv‡Ri cÖwZ‡hvMxZv K‡i; Zviv
¯^¾bw`‡Mi Aš—f©~³| Zv‡`i K‡g©i cÖwZ`vb
†_‡K KLbI ewÂZ Kiv n‡e bv| ZvivB
gyËvwK¡b|
3.
Aj−vRxbv K¡vjy -- i“nevbvb| [5: gv‡q`v-82]&
A_©:-- hviv e‡j Avgiv L„óvb , gvby‡li g‡a¨
Zv‡`i‡KB Zzwg gywgb‡`i NwbôZg eÜz wnmv‡e
cv‡e|
wKš‘ wkqv-QybœxMY †Kviv‡bi mvgwMÖK ev g~j `k©b †Mvcb
†i‡L eis D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB ¯^ Áv‡b KwZcq Ges
AvswkK AvqvZ cyuwR K‡i Ab¨ ag©vej¤^x‡`i mivmwi
Kv‡di d‡Zvqv cÖPvi-cÖwZôv K‡i mgMÖ gymwjg RvwZ‡K
weåvš— K‡i‡Q; Ges RNb¨ D¯‹vbx w`‡q AvR 14k ermi
hveZ Avcb `j-Dc`jmn wek¦gq AivRMZv, Akvwš—
wRB‡q †i‡L‡Q; Z‡e Ab¨ RvwZi †¶‡ÎI Abyiƒc `„óvš—
i‡q‡Q e‡U|
kwiqZ †h mg¯— Avqv‡Zi ¯^v_©ev`x I A`~i`wk© e¨vL¨vi
Abymi‡Y Ab¨‡`i Kv‡di e‡j †mB mg¯— e¨vL¨v I

d‡Zvqvi wei“‡× AÎ MÖ‡š’i hvewZq cÖwZ‡e`‡b ewY©Z
†KvivwbK hyw³ cÖgv‡bi wfwˇZ AvR‡Ki Avgiv †gvmjgvb
bvgavix RvwZB Zzjbvq †kªó Kv‡di, eis Zvi †P‡qI
RNY¨ Ô†gvb‡dKÕ Ges Zv LÛb Kivi ¶gZv Avgv‡`i †bB|
kwiqZ hv‡`i‡K mvgwMÖKfv‡e Kvwdi e‡j, †Kvivb Zv‡`i
m¤^‡Ü wK e‡j Zv GKUz Av‡MB ewY©Z n‡q‡Q; AZtci
AviI ¸i“Z¡c~Y© †Nvlbv †`Lyb:
gyQvi (mv) Abymvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü:
1.
Bqv ebx BmªvBjv! -- Avjvwgb| [2:evKviv47,122] A_©: †n BmªvBj RvwZ! -- Ges
‡Zvgvw`M‡K we‡k¦ mevi Dc‡i †kªôZ¡ w`‡qwQ|
2.
A jvKv`-- Avjvgxb| [44: `yLvb-32] A_©:
Avwg †R‡b-ï‡bB Zv‡`i (Bûw`‡`i) we‡k¦i
†kªôZ¡ w`‡qwQ|
CQvi (mv) Abymvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü:
3.
ARvjyj−vwRbv-- †Kqvgv‡Z| [3: Bgivb-55]
A_©:-- Avi †Zvgvi (CQvi) AbymvixMY‡K
wKqvgZ ch©š— Kvwdi‡`i Dci cÖvavb¨ w`‡qwQ-|
gynv¤§‡`i (mv) Abymvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü:
4. KzbZzg LvBiv D¤§vZvb--| [3:Bgivb-110] A_©:
†ZvgivB †kªó RvwZ--|-- hviv mr Kv‡Ri
wb‡`©k †`q, Amr Kv‡R wb‡la K‡i-- |
5. A KvRvwjKv -- D¤§vZvb| [2:evKvi-143] A_©:- †Zvgiv GK ga¨gcš’x RvwZ--|
we‡k¦i nvRvi eQ‡ii BwZnv‡mi w`‡K j¶¨ Ki‡j
AvqvZ¸wji mZ¨Zv †h †KD ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z eva¨| Dwj−wLZ 3
bs Avqv‡Zi wei“‡× kwiqZ d‡Zvqv w`‡”Q †h, Ô gynv¤§‡`i
(mv) Avwef©v‡ei c‡i gymwjgMYB CQvi (mv) cÖK…Z
Abymvix| L„óvbMY eZ©gv‡b CQvi cÖK…Z Abymvix b‡nb|Õ
[`ª: ‡Kvivb e½vbyev`; BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb; dzU †bvU bs257]
gynv¤§‡`i (mv) Avwef©v‡ei ci gymwjgMY Beªvnxg, `vD`,
gyQvi Abymvix wK bv! ev Bûw`MY g~Qvi bKj Abymvix wK
bv! Zv dzU‡bv‡U D‡j−L †bB|

201

cÖPwjZ gymjgvbMY CQvi (mv) cÖK…Z Abymvix n‡j Zviv
gynv¤§‡`i bKj Abymvix wK bv! G cÖkœwU DÌvcY Kiv wbZvš—
¯^vfvweK e‡U!
g~jZt AZx‡Zi mKj bexMY ÔmZ¨ bex wQ‡jb, wKš‘
Zv‡`i‡K gvb‡Z n‡e bv, AZx‡Zi mKj ag© evwZjÕ
BZ¨vw` e‡j d‡Zvqv w`‡”Q! Ggb d‡Zvqv kwiqZ ‡Rvi
Mjvq nvRvi eQ‡ii AwaKKvj hver cÖPvi cÖwZôv K‡i‡Q;
ZvQvov gynv¤§‡`i (mv) cÖwZwôZ Ô‡gvm‡jgÕ Zvi g„Zz¨i
†gvUvgywU 30/35 ermi c‡iB wejxY n‡q Ô‡gvmjgvb,
wkqv, Qybœx BZ¨vw`‡Z i“cvš—wiZ n‡q‡Q| myZivs Avj−vni
†KZv‡ei dzU‡bv‡U Bgvg‡`i †jLv d‡ZvqvwUi †KvbB wfwË
†bB|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ gymjgvb bv‡gi AmsL¨ `j-Dc`j¸wj †Kvivb
Z_v †gvnv¤§`mn (mv) mKj bex‡`i †gŠwLKfv‡e ¯^xKvi
Ki‡jI ev¯—weK c‡¶ †evLvix, †gvm‡jg, wgR©v †Mvjvg
Avn¤§`, gI`y`xM‡Yi AÜ Abymvix n‡q Kw_Z Kv‡di‡`i
†P‡qI bvcvK, Ô‡gvbv‡dKÕ mve¨¯’ n‡q Av‡Qb hv
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq mv¶¨ enb K‡i| welqwU PZzi
Kw_Z bv‡q‡e ivQyjMY fv‡jvfv‡eB Dcjwã K‡ib Ges
Revew`wnZvi fq Av‡Q e‡jB Ôg„Zz¨i c~‡e© GKevi gvÎ GK
K‡jgv co‡Z cvi‡jB Rxe‡bi hvewZq Ab¨vq Aciva ¶q
n‡q †e‡n¯— wbN©vrÕ GB ‡Kvivb wei“× d‡ZvqvwU ejer K‡i
†i‡L‡Qb|
g~jZt Bûw`, Qv‡eCb, L„óvb, wkL, †eŠ×, wn›`y BZ¨vw`
RvwZ ag© eY© wbwe©‡k‡l †h GKK Avj−v‡Z wek¦vmx, wek¦¯’,
mr cwikªgx, b¨vqev`x, ‰ah©kxj, kvwš—ev`x ZvivB cÖK…Z
†gvm‡jg, gwgb|
c~e© D‡j−wLZ 1 †_‡K 5 bs Avqv‡Z ÔZviv, ‡ZvgivÕ ej‡Z
mvgwMÖKfv‡e Rb¥MZ, RvwZMZ †gvmjgvb, wkqv-Qybœx,
Avn&gw`; `vwo-Uzwc, ‰cZv-µm; Bûw`, L„óvb cÖf„wZ ey‡S
†bqv ev `vwe Kivi wZj cwigvY my‡hvM-mg_©b †Kviv‡b
†bB|
Ghver Ges ciewZ© Av‡jvwPZ we¯—vwiZ `wjj cÖgv‡b
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq Avgv‡`i Avmj cwiPq enb
Ki‡Q; AZGe:

G¶‡Y we‡kl K‡i Avgiv gymjgvb `vwe`viMY mZK© †nvK
†h, ¯^qs Avj−vni `vwqZ¡ ¯^ n‡¯— aviY K‡i ag© I ivRbxwZ
(a‡g©i cÖavb A½) BZ¨vw` gvbe ‡mevi ARynv‡Z wbwin
gvbe mgv‡R LyYvLyYx, evovevwi, cÖZviYv, hyjyg AZ¨vPvi,
Akvwš— hviv K‡i Zviv Avgvi `„wó‡Z nhiZ-†gvRv‡Ï`,
Bgvg, †bZv-‡bÎx n‡jI †Kviv‡bi `„wó‡Z ‡gvbv‡dK,
Kv‡di-‡gviZv`, cÖZviK Qvov Avgiv Avi wKQyB bB|
*
66 wRnv`
‡Kvivb wei“× Ges nvw`m-‡dKnv I d‡Zvqv wbf©ikxj
A_©vr gnvbexi wei“× wKš‘ †evLvix‡`i wek¦¯— kwiqZ
†R‡b-bv †R‡b eis Ans (wkiK) ZvwoZ n‡q †h weqqwU
wb‡q wek¦gq Akvwš— I AivRMZvi m„wó K‡i Bmjvg Z_v
kvwš—ev` c‡` c‡` c``jxZ Ki‡Q, Zv n‡jv ÔwRnv`|Õ
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡li Av‡jv‡K:
ÔwRnv`Õ A_©: †Póv, cwikªg, Aa¨emvq, ag©hy×; Rv-nv-`
avZz †_‡K Drcbœ| Rvnv` A_©: †Póv Kij, cwikªg Kij;
wRnv` A_©: mva¨vbyhvqx †Póv Kij, Aa¨emvq mnKv‡i
KvR Kij, msMÖvg Kij BZ¨vw`| Ôhviv Avgv‡`i (mvwbœa¨
ev mš‘wó jv‡fi) Rb¨ KwVb cwikªg K‡i (wRnv`) Avgiv
Aek¨B Zv‡`i‡K Avgv‡`i c‡_i mÜvb w`‡q _vwK;
Avj−vn mrKg©kxj‡`i m‡½ _v‡Kb|Õ [29:AvbKveyZ-69]
gynv¤§‡`i (mv) g°vq cÖPvi Rxe‡bi mgqKvjxb AeZxY©
Avqv‡Z, †hLv‡b wRnv` k‡ãi D‡j−L Av‡Q †mLv‡b
Kvwdi‡`i wei“‡× Amªavi‡Yi A‡_© GB k‡ãi e¨envi
nqwb| myZivs Giƒc †¶‡Î mrKg© mva‡b evav m„wó K‡i
e‡j cÖe„wËi mwnZ msMÖvg Ki‡Z nq BnvB ÕwRnv`Õ kãwU
e¨env‡ii Ab¨Zg Zvrch©| cÖwm× Kwe-`vk©wbK Aveyj
AvZvwnqvi GKwU Aviex Pi‡Yi Abyev`: Ôme©v‡c¶v KwVb
wRnv` cÖe„wËi m‡½ hy×| G hy‡× avZe A‡mªi cÖ‡qvM

202

†bB|Õ PiY `ywÕUi mg_©‡b Dwj−wLZ AvqvZmn †Kvivb
†Nvlbv K‡i, Ô‡Zvgiv Kvwdi‡`i AvbyMZ¨ KwiI bv, eis
Bnvi (†Kviv‡bi) mvnv‡h¨ Zv‡`i mwnZ KwVb wRnv` K‡i
hvI| [25: dziKvb-52] G‡¶‡Î wRnv‡`i Amª †Kviv‡bi
wee„Z hyw³ I cÖÁv gvÎ [cï kw³ ev avZe Amª bq]| Z‡e
(gvbwlK) Pvc cÖ‡qvM A‡_©I ÔwRnv`Õ kãwUi cÖ‡qvM Av‡Q,
†hgb: Ôhw` †Zvgvi wcZvgvZv †Zvgi Ávb-eyw×i ee©i
Askxev` ¯^xKvi Kivi Rb¨ †Zvgvi m‡½ wRnv` K‡i A_©vr
(gvbwmK) †Rvi Pvc cÖ‡qvM K‡i Z‡e Zzwg Zv‡`i AbyMZ
nBI bvÕ [29:AvbKveyZ-8;31: jyKgvb-15]
Kvwdi‡`i wei“‡× mkmª msMÖv‡gi AbygwZ ev wb‡`©‡ki
†¶‡Î mvaviYZ ÔKZjÕ k‡ãi e¨envi †`Lv hvq [4:wbQv76] me©cÖ_g hy‡×i AbygwZen Avqv‡ZI wRnv` bq eis
ÔwKZvjÕ k‡ãi e¨envi Av‡Q [nv¾-29] Qyiv evKvivi
190 †_‡K 193 ch©š— we‡kl Zvrch©c~Y© AvqvZ¸wj‡Z
GKeviI ÔwRnv`Õ kãwU e¨eüZ nqwb| ‡Kviv‡b ÔKz‡Zev
AvjvBKzgyj Kv‡Zj~Õ †`Lv hvq [2:evKviv-216.226] wKš‘
ÔKz‡Zev AvjvBKzgyj wRnv`Õ (A_©vr ÔwRnv` diR Kiv
n‡q‡Q)Õ †`Lv hvq bv|
Dc‡iv³ Av‡jvPbv †_‡K cwi¯‹vi ‡evSv hvq †h, †Kej
ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ãi e¨envi Kvwdi‡`i wei“‡× kw³i jovB
myPbv K‡i bv eis G A_© cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ †Kviv‡b wRnv`
k‡ãi m‡½ KZj k‡ãi e¨envi, †¶Î we‡k‡li Pvwn`v
Abyhvqx AviI KZK we‡kl k‡ãi e¨envi Ges Aviex
fvlvq cÖPwjZ evKixwZi mvnvh¨ MÖnY Kiv n‡q‡Q; wRnv`
k‡ãi cwie‡Z© eis ÔKZjÕ Gi e¨enviB †ekx| Ab¨ K_vq
kw³ cÖ‡qvM e¨ÄK we‡kl we‡kl k‡ãi e¨envi bv cvIqv
†M‡j †Kviv‡bi e¨eüZ wRnv` Øviv GB k‡ãi ey¨rcwZMZ
A_©B †Kej eySv‡e A_©vr h_vmva¨ cwikªg, Aa¨emvq I
Z¨v‡Mi gva¨‡g Avj−vni Avw`ó Rxeb-cš’v AbymiY KivB
eyS‡Z n‡e|

e¨cK A‡_© e¨env‡ii Dc‡hvwMZvi `i“b ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ã
Amªhy×I µ‡g kvwgj n‡q hvq| KviY hy‡×i g‡a¨ kªg,
Aa¨emvq Ges cwiYv‡g Pig Z¨v‡Mi A_©vr Rxeb `v‡biI
cÖ‡qvRb c‡o| GB Kvi‡b nvw`‡m Ges wdK‡n
cvwifvwlKfv‡e wRnv` kãwU Bmjvg nb‡b e×cwiKi
kΓi wei“‡× mkmª hy× A‡_© e¨eüZ nÕ‡Z jvMj|
(ciewZ©‡Z) ÔwKZveyj wRnv`Õ wk‡ivbv‡g hy× msµvš— nvw`m
Ges Av‡jvPbv web¨¯— nj| ZLb †_‡K wRnv‡`i
cvwifvwlK (weK…Z) A_©wU Bnvi ey¨rcwZMZ (g~j) A_©‡K
Qvwo‡q †Mj| Z‡e †Kviv‡b ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ãi cÖ‡Z¨KwU
e¨env‡ii Aš—iv‡j Kvwdi e‡ai wefxwlKv Kíbvq
AvZ¼MÖ¯— nIqvi †Kvb †hŠw³KZv †bB|
‡Kvivb wbQK ¶vÎkw³ cÖ`k©b, †MvÎMZ †MŠie i¶v ev
w`wM¦R‡qi D‡Ï‡k¨ hy× Aby‡gv`b K‡i bv| AvZ¥ i¶v
(2:evKviv- 190) RbM‡Yi Rvbgvj Avei“ i¶v (wbQv75) we‡e‡Ki ¯^vaxbZv Z_v ag©xq ¯^vaxbZv (wbi‡c¶Zv)
i¶v (22:nv¾-40) †dZbv A_©vr mgv‡R wek„•Ljv †iva
(evKviv-193) BZ¨vw`i Rb¨ †Kvivb Bnvi AbymvwiMY‡K
hy‡× AeZxY© nevi wb‡`©k †`q--| [Z_¨myÎ: msw¶ß
Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 1g L. c„: 402-405]
Dwj−wLZ we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbvq GUvB cÖgvwbZ †h, cÖPwjZ
kwiqZ `jxq ¯^v‡_© ÔwRnv`Õ kãwUi Pig Ace¨vL¨v I
Ace¨envi K‡i wbixn mijcÖvY RbmvaviY‡K c_ åó
K‡i‡Q Ges Avj−vn-ivQyj cÖYxZ ‡KvivwbK Bmjvg‡K
Kjw¼Z K‡i‡Q|
Aviex Ônve©Õ k‡ãi A_© hy×, Ôwmiv-AvÕ A_© gvivgvwi,
Ôgv-AvivKvÕ A_© jovB Avi ÔwKZvjÕ A_© nZ¨v| c¶vš—‡i
ÔwRnv`Õ A_© Avj−vn Dcjwãi Rb¨ Z¨vM, mvabv ev e¨w³i
GKwbó ag©vbykxjY Ges Dnv i¶vq Ôag© hy×Õ wØZxq A‡_©
e¨envi Kiv hvq; Avi a‡g©i g~j welqe¯‘, ˆewkó I
BwZe„Ë ÔBmjvg,Õ kvwš— ev Jug i¶v Kiv| AZGe kvwš— hy×

203

ej‡Z hy×, nZ¨v ev AvµgY ‡Kvb Ae¯’v‡ZB Bmjvg
Aby‡gv`b K‡i bv eis Pzovš—fv‡eB nvivg| AZGe ag© hy×
ej‡Z AvZ¥i¶vi cÖwZ‡iva ev cÖwZ‡kva eySvq; Avµvš— n‡j
AvZ¥ i¶vB wRnv‡`i gg©v_© Ges cÖavb kZ©| ZrKvjxb
†cŠËwjKMY †gvm‡jg‡`i Dci AvµgY, wbh©vZb bv
Ki‡j, ivQyj [mv] Avµvš— bv n‡j 22 erm‡i GKwU hy×I
n‡Zv bv GgbwK GK‡dvUv i³I Si‡Zv bv| Avj−vni ivQ~j
wb‡RB †NvlYv †`b †h, ag© cÖPvi mKj RvwZi mgvb
AwaKvi; †KD KvD‡K evav †`qvi AwaKvi †bB; AZtci
Avµvš— n‡j cÖwZ‡iva Awbevh© n‡q `vovq Ges DnvB
ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ãi wØZxq A_©| gnvbexi 22 erm‡ii 23wU
hy‡×i msw¶ß wb‡`©k wQj wbæiƒc:
K.
evovevwo KwiI bv, cªZviYv KwiI bv, g„Z
kΓi A½‡”Q` KwiI bv, wkï ea KwiI bv,
e„× Ges bvix nZ¨v KwiI bv|
L.
hy×vi‡¤¢i c~‡e© kΓ‡K nq Bmjvg MÖnY bZzev
ek¨Zv ¯^xKvi A_ev wRwRqv Ki cÖ`vb Kivi
AvnŸvb RvbvI A_©vr kΓ‡K Bmjvg MÖn‡Y eva¨
KwiI bv|
M.
Zv‡`i mwnZ hy× Ki hZ¶Y ch©š— wdZbv
wbK©v©wcZ bv nq Ges Avj−vni `xb A_©vr kvwš—
c~Y© b¨vq bxwZwfwËK
mgvR (mvwe©K
wbi‡c¶Zv) cybtcÖwZôv bv nq| kΓ hLb
wek„•Ljv m„wó †_‡K weiZ nq ZLb we‡kl
`Û‡hvM¨ Rvwjg Qvov Ab¨ KvnviI Dci
AZ¨vPvi A_©vr Amª cÖ‡qvM Pj‡e bv|(evKviv193)|
N.
hy×iZ †Kvb gykwiK Avkªq PvB‡j Zv‡K Avkªq
w`I hv‡Z †m Avj−vni Kvjvg †kv‡b, (Ges wPš—
v Ki‡Z cv‡i Zvi c‡¶ gymwjg‡`i wei“×vPiY
hyw³hy³ wK bv, hw` †m kΓZv cwinvi bv K‡i)

AZtci Zv‡K Zvi c‡¶ wbivc` ¯’v‡b
†cŠuQvBqv `vI| G wb‡`©k GRb¨ †h, Zviv GKwU
AÁ m¤cÖ`vqÕ(ZIev-6) A_©vr Avkªq cÖvw_©©
kΓ‡K ea Kiv wesev Bmjvg MÖn‡Y evva¨ Kiv
nvivg|
O.
hLb †Zgviv Avµvš— nI ZLb Zv‡`i ea Kiv
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ ˆea; nZ¨h‡Ái AvksKv bv
_vK‡j Zv‡`i e›`x Ki| nq ¶gv Ki ev
gyw³c‡Y †Q‡o `vI|
Dc‡iv³ bxwZgvjv †_‡K hy×g~jK wRnv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ Ges Ôwd
Qvwewjj−vwnÕ K_vwUi Zvrch© cwi¯‹vifv‡e eySv hvq| Ôhw`
Avj−vn GK`j †jv‡Ki Øviv Aci `‡ji cÖwZ‡iva e¨e¯’v
bv Ki‡Zb Z‡e gV, gw›`i, wMR©v wmbvMM, gmwR` hv‡Z
Avj−vni bvg AwaK KxwZ©Z nq GB meB Pzigvi n‡q †hZÕ
(nv¾-40) GB Avqv‡Z †Kviv‡bi Abymvix‡`i Dci wfbœ
ag©vej¤^x‡`i Dcvmbvjq i¶vi Rb¨ hy‡×i wb‡`©k †`qv
n‡q‡Q| wek‡ci AbygwZ m‡Ë¡I Igi (iv) wewRZ iv‡R¨i
L„óvb‡`i wMR©vq mvjvZ Abyôv‡b A¯^xK…wZ Ávcb
K‡iwQ‡jb, cv‡Q gymwjgMY Bnv‡K gmwR‡` cwiYZ K‡i|
(Z_¨myÎ: m. B.wek¦‡Kvl; c„: 404, 405)
AvZ¥i¶vg~jK hy× ev wRnv‡`i weavb:
Kj‡gi wecix‡Z Kjg; K_vi wecix‡Z K_v Avi i‡³i
wecix‡Z i³ w`‡qB cÖwZ‡iva Ki‡Z nq; Dnvi AwZwi³
Kivi A_©B mxgv j•Nb Ges DnvB Pzovš— Kzdzix| Zvic‡iI
¶gv K‡i †`qvB Avj−vni †ekx cQ›`bxq| `wjq wek¦vm,
¶gZvi †jvf I fvev‡e‡M ZvwoZ bv n‡q ‡Kviv‡b ewY©Z
wRnv` bq eis hy‡×i KwVY kZ©vejx cÖ‡Z¨K gymjgv‡bi
j¶Yxq Ges Ri“ix cvjYxq:
1. A KvZvebv-- h‡jgxb| [5:gv‡q`v-45-49] A_©:
Zv‡`i Rb¨ weavb w`‡qwQjvg †h, cÖv‡Yi e`‡j

204

cÖvY, †Pv‡Li e`‡j †PvL, bv‡Ki e`‡j bvK,
Kv‡bi e`‡j Kvb, `uv‡Zi e`‡j `uvZ Ges hL‡gi
e`‡j Abyiƒc hLg| AZtci †Kn Dnv ¶gv Ki‡j
Dnv‡Z ZviB cvc †gvPb n‡e| Avj−vn hv AeZxY©
K‡i‡Qb Z`bymv‡i hviv weavb †`q bv ZvivB
Rvwjg,dv‡mK I Kv‡di|
2. A Bb-- Q‡eixb| [16:bvnj-126] A_©: hw`
†Zvgiv cÖwZ‡kva MÖnY Ki, Z‡e wVK ZZLvwb
Ki‡e: hZLvwb Ab¨vq †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Kiv n‡q‡Q;
Z‡e †Zvgiv ˆah© aviY Ki‡j ‰ah©kxj‡`i Rb¨ Bnv
AwZ DËg|
3. Aj−vwRbv-- h‡jgxb| [42:ïiv-39,40] A_©: Ges
hviv AZ¨vPvwiZ n‡j cÖwZ‡kva MÖnY Ki‡e: g‡›`i
cÖwZdj Abyiƒc g›` Ges †h ¶gv K‡i †`q I
Av‡cvl-wb®úwË K‡i Zvi cyi¯‹vi Avj−vni wbKU
Av‡Q| Avj−vn Rvwjg‡`i cQ›` K‡i bv|
4. A Kv‡Zj~ wd Qvwe‡j-- Kv‡dixbv--ivwng|
[2:evKviv-190,191] A_©: hviv †Zvgv‡`i nZ¨v
K‡i, †ZvgivI Zv‡`i Avj−vni bv‡g (civ‡_©) nZ¨v
Ki; wKš‘ mxgv j•Nb KwiI bv| Avj−vn mxgv
j•NbKvix‡K N„Yv K‡ib| †hLv‡bB Zv‡`i cv‡e
nZ¨v Ki‡e Ges †h ¯’vb †_‡K Zviv †Zvgv‡`i
ewn¯‹…Z K‡i‡Q †ZvgivI Zv‡`i †mLvb †_‡K
ewn¯‹vi Ki| Akvwš— m„wó LyY A‡c¶vI ¸i“Zi
cvc| msiw¶Z gmwR‡`i wbKU KLbI hy× Ki‡e
bv †h ch©š— Zviv †mLv‡b †Zvgv‡`i mwnZ hy× bv
K‡i| hw` Zviv †Zvgv‡`i wei“‡× hy× K‡i Z‡e
†Zvgiv Zv‡`i nZ¨v Ki‡e; BnvB Kvwdi‡`i
cwiYvg| hw` Zviv weiZ nq Z‡e Avj−vn ¶gvkxj,
cig `qvjy| [A_©vr Zviv hy× eÜ Ki‡j †ZvgivI
Zr¶bvZ eÜ Ki|]

Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj wRnv‡`i cÖavb kZ©; Dnv‡Z ¸g,LyY,
hy×, †Mvcb AvµgY ev mš¿vm, kw³ cÖ‡qv‡Mi wZj cwigvY
AbygwZ †bB eis Avµš— n‡j gvÎ AvZ¥ i¶vi AbygwZ A_©vr
AvNvr Avm&‡j wbN©vZ AvZ¥i¶v‡Z© cÖwZNvZ| cÖPwjZ
kwiqZ AvqvZ¸wj ¯^ B”Qvq Ges ¯^-Áv‡b mivmwi
Aw¯^Kvi K‡i Ges mvaviY mgvR †_‡K †Mvcb †i‡L e¨w³
I `wjq N„Y¨ ¶gZvi †jv‡f AvswkK gvÎ wbæ AvqvZ¸wj
cÖPvi K‡i mij wek¦vmx †gvmjgvb‡`i weåvš— K‡i a‡g©i
bv‡g mgvR, †`k Z_v mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦ LyY, hLg,
AivRMZv, Akvwš— m„wó diR e‡j cÖwZóv Ki‡Z m¶g
n‡q‡Q| Avi gnvbex‡K GKRb ‡hv×v, mš¿vmx, LyYx I
m¤cÖmviYev`x wnmv‡eI cÖwZóv Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q|
1. Kz‡Zev AvjvBKzg-- LvBi“j−vKzg--|[2:evKviv216] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nZ¨vi [wRnv`] weavb
†`qv n‡jv hw`I ‡Zvgv‡`i wbKU Bnv AwcÖq; wKš‘
†Zvgiv hv cm›` Ki bv m¤¢eZt Zv †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨
Kj¨vYKi--|
2. A Kv‡Zjy-- Avjxg| [2:evKviv-244] A_©:
†Zvgiv Avj−vni bv‡g nZ¨v [wRnv`] Ki Ges †R‡b
ivL †h, Avj−vn me©‡kªvZv, me©Á|
3. Bb‡di“-- Zvjvgyb| [9:ZIev-41] A_©: ‡Zvgiv
†ewi‡q co nvjKv fvix †h mvR miÄvg cvI ZvB
wb‡q Avi Avj−vi iv‡n wb‡R‡`i Rvb-gvj w`‡q
cÖwZ‡iva [wRnv`] Ki| [cÖKvk _v‡K †h Dwj−wLZ
PviwU Avqv‡ZB ÔwRnv`Õ kãwU †bB, Av‡Q
ÔKZj|Õ
Avcb ÁvwZ‡Mvwô nZ¨vi welq †Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k j¶bxq
Ges wbR‡K gygxb `vwe Ki‡j Aek¨B AbymiYxq Avi hviv
AvqvZ¸wj A¯^xKvi K‡i ¶gZvi †jv‡f wbixn hyeK‡`i
cÖjyä K‡i mgv‡R AivRMZvi m„wó Ki‡Qb Zv‡`i‡K
†Pv‡L Av½yj w`‡q AvqvZ¸wj †`wL‡q †`qv DwPr †h,

205

Ô‡Zvgiv a‡g©i bv‡g †Kvivb A¯^xKvi Ki‡Qv; mgv‡R
Akvwš— I †dZbv dvQv‡`i m„wó Ki‡Qv|Õ AZtci
†Kviv‡bi cÖwZ wd‡i bv Avm‡j mgv‡R wek„•Ljv
m„wóKvix, Lybx, ‡Kvivb Agvb¨Kvix wnmv‡e mbv³ Kiv I
RbgZ M‡o ‡Zvjv cÖwZwU †gvm‡j‡gi KwVY `vwqZ¡|
1. Bqv AvBqynvj−vwRbv-- BqvwQivb| [4:wbQv29,30] A_©: †n f³MY [†gv‡gbMY]! †Zvgiv G‡K
Ac‡ii m¤úwË Ab¨vqfv‡e MÖvm KwiI bv; -wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ G‡K Ab¨‡K nZ¨v KwiI bv|--Ges †h †Kn nZ¨v [mxgv j••Nb] K‡i, Zv‡K Aek¨B
Av¸‡b `» Ki‡ev; hv Avj−vni c‡¶ AwZ mnR|
2. Agv Kvbv-- nvwKg| [4:wbQv-92] A_©: †Kvb
gygxb‡K nZ¨v Kiv †Kvb gywg‡bi KvR b‡n, Z‡e
fyj ekZt Ki‡j Dnv ¯^Zš¿; Ges †Kn †Kvb
gywgb‡K fyj ekZt nZ¨v Ki‡j GK gywgb `vm gy³
Kiv Ges Zvi cwiRbeM©‡K i³cY Ac©Y Kiv
Ri“ix; hw` bv Zviv ¶gv K‡i| hw` †m †Zvgv‡`i
kΓ c‡¶i †Kvb gywgb nq Z‡e GK gywgb `vm gy³
Kiv Ri“ix| Avi hw` †m Ggb GK RvwZi nq hvi
m‡½ †Zvgiv Pzw³e× Z‡e Zvi cwiRbeM©‡K
i³cY Ges gywgb `vm gy³ Kiv DfqB Ri“ix Ges
†h msMwZnxb †m GKvw`µ‡g 2 gvm †ivRv cvjb
Ki‡e| AbyZß I Aby‡kvPbvi (ZIevi) Rb¨ Bnv
Avj−vni e¨e¯’v Ges Avj−vn me©Á, cÖÁvgq|
3. wgb AvR‡j-- jvgyQ‡idzb| [5:gv‡q`v-32] A_©:
G Kvi‡Y ewb-BmªvBj‡`iI GB weavb wQj ‡h,
nZ¨vi cwie‡Z© nZ¨v Ges `ywbqvq aŸsmvZ¡K KvR
Kiv Qvov ‡KB KvD‡K nZ¨v Ki‡j †m †hb `ywbqvi
mKj gvbyl‡KB nZ¨v Kij Avi †KD Kv‡iv cÖvY
i¶v Ki‡j †m †hb `ywbqvi mKj gvby‡li cÖvY
i¶v Kij|

Dwj−wLZ we¯—vwiZ AvqvZ¸wj D‡c¶v K‡i †h ev hviv Anin
a‡g©i bv‡g Avcb ÁvwZ fvB‡`i nZ¨v, LyY, hLg, †evgvevwR
mš¿vmx Kg©KvÛ Pvwj‡q mgvR RxeY wecbœ K‡i Pj‡Q Zviv
cÖK…Zc‡¶ wb‡R‡`i DciB wb‡R‡`i KwíZ wRnv` AvcwZZ
nIqvi ev Kivi cÖKvk¨ Aby‡gv`b `vb Ki‡Qb| Avj−vn †h
mËi wnmve MÖnYKvix G evK¨wU Zviv †egvjyg fy‡jB Av‡Qb|
AZGe e¨w³ ev `jxq AccÖPv‡i Ges ¶xY cvw_©e †jv‡f
Avw`÷ bv n‡q eis e„nËi ¯^v‡_©B Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wji cÖwZ
mb¥vb cÖ`k©b Ges AbymiY K‡i Avcb cvc †gvPb I fvM¨
MV‡b ‡`k I RvwZi kvwš—ev` (Bmjvg) cÖwZôvq m‡Pó nIqv
DwPr|
gI`y`x mv‡ne wK‡mi hyw³‡Z nvRvi nvRvi wbixn Avn¤§w` nZ¨v
K‡i‡Qb! hviv cÖwZc‡¶i Mv‡q †UvKvwU ch©š— †`bwb| ZviB
D®‹vwb‡Z AbycÖvwYZ n‡q Dcgnv‡`‡k ee©i nZ¨vhÁ AvRI
Ae¨nZ i‡q‡Q! KwZcq AbymvixMY †Kviv‡bi mnR mij
wea„Z weav‡bi wei“‡× †Kb Ges wK‡mi ¯^v‡_© gI`y`x mv‡n‡ei
e¨w³ `k©b MÖnY Ki‡jb! Zv Zv‡`i Avcb ¯^v‡_©B cybwe©‡ePbv
Kiv DwPr|
***

civ‡_©

beg Aa¨vq

206

67 Aviex fvlv
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm: Aviex Avj−vni fvlv, †d‡i¯—vi fvlv,
†Kviv‡bi fvlv, †e‡n¯—-†`vh‡Li fvlv; Kei-‡Kqvg‡Zi
fvlv, ag©-K‡g©i fvlv Z_v gymjgv‡bi fvlv BZ¨vw`| wKš‘
Ggb Cgvb-Avgvb _vKv m‡Ë¡I AvR 15 kZ erm‡ii
g‡a¨I we‡kl K‡i evsjvi kZKiv GK fvM Av‡jg
Avj−vgv‡`iI ïay cov Ges gyL¯’ Kiv Qvov Aviwe fvlvi
Dc‡i †KvbB `Lj †bB|
c¶vš—‡i Zviv hLb IqvR bwQnZ digvb †h, Ke‡i
†d‡i¯—v G‡m gyÏvi‡K cybt †R›`v K‡i ewm‡q Aviex‡Z
QIqvj RIqve Ki‡eb, Ò‡Ziv/†Zix ie †Kvb& n¨vq?
†Zvg‡Kv bex †Kvb& n¨vq? †Zvg‡Kv Øxb †Kvb& n¨vq?Ó [DÏ©y,
wnw›` fvlv!] A_ev hLb eB c‡Î †jLv †`wL †h, Ò†gvKv‡g
gvngy`vq †d‡i¯—vMY mvwie× n‡q gvney‡e †Lv`vi ïfvMg‡Y
eyj›`z K‡Ú †M‡q DV‡jb, ÒevjvMvj Djv †e Kvgvjxnx,
KvmvdvZ †`vRv †e Rvgvjxnx, nvQybvZ Rvwgqv †LQvjxnx,
Qvj−yû AvjvB‡n A Av‡jnx|Ó [†kL mvÕw`i iwPZ KweZv]|
ZLb Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i Cgvb-Avgvb I ag© Ávb m¤^‡Ü
mvaviY gvby‡li m‡›`n RvMvUv GKvš— ¯^vfvweK e‡U! fvlv
ev ag©Ávb m¤^‡Ü A¶i Ávb _vK‡j Ggb nvm¨Ki eqvb
digvB‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| g~jZt GB Zv¾e `vex `vIqvi
c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi we›`ygvÎ mg_©b †bB, eis †Nvi we‡iva|
we‡k¦ Ggb †Kvb fvlv †bB hv ¯^Zš¿ I ¯^qs m¤ú~Y©|
eis mKj fvlvi m‡½ mKj fvlvi Kg-†ewk mswgkªY
Av‡Q| Aviwe fvlvq AmsL¨ BsivRx, evsjv, wnw›`-D`©ydvimx, wneª“ I AvivwgK fvlvi mswgkªY †`Lv hvq| GwU
†`v‡li ev j¾vi wKQy bq| †Kvb& fvlvi, †Kvb& †`‡ki
gvby‡li Rb¥ Av‡M-c‡i, G RwUj cÖ‡kœi DËi †`‡ni †Kvb
A‡½i ev †Kvb ckgwUi Rb¥ Av‡M-c‡i, MÖn-b¶Î ev
†Kvb M¨vjvw·i Rb¥ Av‡M-c‡i! w`b Av‡M bv ivZ Av‡M,
gyiwM Av‡M bv wWg Av‡M, mZ¨ Av‡M bv wg_¨v Av‡M BZ¨vw`
cÖkœ¸wji DËi GKB iKg RwUj Ges A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ
†nZz cÖkœwU Aevš—iI ejv hvq| KviY ag©vbykxj‡Y I‡`i

Dci †Kvb cÖfve we¯—vi K‡i bv| cvVK‡`i mvaviY
AeMwZi Rb¨ Aviwe, D`©y, wnw›`, wneª“, dviwm BZ¨vw` fvlv
wgkª‡Yi wKQy D`vniY †`qv n‡jv hv †Kviv‡b ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q:
AvBb, Avwgb, Av‡Li, Av`g, Av`j, Avim, Bqv`,
Cgvb, BbQvb, GwZg, Iqv³, †KZve, KZj, Kzimx,
Kzievb, LZg, RvbœvZ-Rvnvbœvg, wRbv, Z‡ej, ZixKv,
`ywbqv, QveZ, b~i, wbqZ, bvev, wbKvn&, Øxb, †`vqv,
nvw`m, nK, diR, †gv‡RRv, kive, kvn`Z, kixd,
†kvKi, m`Kv,Av‡iv AmsL¨|
Aviex fvlv Ab¨vb¨ fvlvi gZB GK RvwZi fvlv| GB
fvlvq Kvev N‡ii 360wU g~wZ© c~wRZ n‡Zv Avi GB fvlv
w`‡qB †mB g~wZ©¸wj weZvwoZ n‡qwQj| Aviex fvlv Avey
†h‡n‡ji fvlv, Avãyj−vn Be‡b DevBi fvlv; AZtci
gnvbexI fvlv| †gŠjev`x Z_v †Nvi ag©vÜ, Kv‡di Avey
†h‡nj GB fvlv w`‡qB Avj−vni bex‡K a‡g©v‡`ªvnx e‡j
Rxebfi `ytL Kó w`‡q‡Qb| Mvq MZ‡i †gvm‡jg †m‡R
GB fvlv w`‡qB GwR‡`i †Mvôx bex esk‡K mg~‡j wbcvZ
K‡i‡Q| GB fvlv RvwZ, ag©, eY©, Kv‡di, †gvbv‡dK,
†gvm‡jg, †gv‡gb, Bûw`, wLª÷vb, †e`yCb wbwe©‡k‡l
Ab¨vb¨ fvlv-fvlxi gZ Avie RvwZi fvlv| ÔfvlvÕ ej‡Z
wn›`y, †gvm‡jg, Kv‡di, †gvbv‡dK eySvq bv|
‡Kviv‡bi fvlv Aviex bq eis Aviex fvlvq †Kvivb;
†Kviv‡bi fvlv-evK¨ †Kvivb bq eis Zvi gg©v_© DcjwãB
g~j †Kvivb; Dcjwãi †Kvb fvlv †bB Ges DnvB Avj−vni
fvlv; Avj−vni fvlv Ávb-weÁvb, a¨vb-mvab, Kg©M‡elYv, AZtci myi I kã| mKj Dcjwã ev †cÖibv ¯^
¯^ gvZ… fvlvqB cÖKvk nq| myZivs Dcjwã Ges Dnvi
AbymiY Qvov ïaygvÎ gyL¯— we`¨vi †Qvqve ev djvdj
fqven!
gnvbex Avieevmx I Aviex fvlx wQ‡jb e‡jB
Aviex fvlvq Avj−vni ‡cÖibv evbx †Kvivb bvwRj nq|
†Kvivb †`Lyb:
AKvRv-wjKv AvDnvBbv -- | [42: ïiv-7] A_©:
Gfv‡eB Avwg †Zvgvi wbKU Aviex fvlvq †Kvivb bvwRj
K‡iwQ, hv‡Z Zzwg gK¡v I Zvi Avk-cv‡k hviv i‡q‡Q

207

[Avie fvlv-fvlx‡`i] Zv‡`i‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cvi|
†h †`‡k Ges †h fvlvq bex-ivQyj cvwV‡q‡Q Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB wVK †mB †`‡ki fvlv‡ZB Hkx MÖš’ bvwRj Kiv
n‡q‡Q| †Kvivb †`Lyb :
Agv- AviQvjbv-- nvKxg| [14: Beªvnxg-4] A_©:
Avwg cÖ‡Z¨K ivQyj‡KB Zvi wb‡Ri RvZxq fvlv‡ZB Awn
cvwV‡qwQ, †hb Zv‡`i wbKU Dnv cwi¯‹vifv‡e eywS‡q
w`‡Z cv‡i| Avj−vn hv‡K B”Qv weåvš— K‡ib Ges hv‡K
B”Qv mrc‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡ib Ges wZwb civµgkvjx I
weÁvbgq|
Aviex fvlvq Avj−vn †Kb †Kvivb bvwRj Ki‡jb, Zvi
hyw³ †`wL‡q ¯^qs Avj−vn †Kviv‡b †NvlYv K‡ib:
AjvD R¡vÕAvjbv-- K¡ziAv-bvb-- Avivweqy¨| [41:
nv wgg mvR`vn-44 ] A_©: Avwg hw` GB †Kvivb‡K we‡`kx
fvlvq bvwRj KiZvg Z‡e Dnviv Aek¨B ej‡Zv, ÔBnvi
evK¨¸wj Avgv‡`i †evaMg¨ K‡i cvVv‡bv nq bvB †Kb ?
wK Avðh¨©! Avie †`kx ivQyj Avi we‡`kx fvlvq Awn!
Avj−vni msweavb wek¦ gvb‡ei, †Kvivb wek¦ gvb‡ei
wKš‘ Aviex †Kvivb Aviex gvb‡ei; Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ wVK
DnvB †NvlYv Ki‡Q| AbvieMY †Kvivb PvB‡j Zv‡`i
gvZ…fvlvq Abyev` K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| ZvB AvR AmsL¨ fvlvq
†Kvivbmn AmsL¨ g~j¨evb MÖš’ Abyw`Z n‡q‡Q Ges n‡”Q|
hv‡`i aviYv Aviex †Kvivb Avi evsjv †Kviv‡b A‡bK
ZdvZ, †mUv Zv‡`i ¶xY `yŸ©j mZ¨ aviYv e‡U| Z‡e
†Kviv‡bi Ô†gvnKvgvZÕ [Av‡`k-wb‡la myPK] As‡ki
Abyev‡` cÖavbZt m‡›`‡ni †Kvb KviY †bB Ges †gv‡gb,
†gvm‡jg †_‡K †e‡n¯— cÖvwß ch©š— GB AskB h‡_ó Ges
BnvB †Kviv‡bi g~j| evKx Ask Ô†gvZvmv‡envZÕ [weÁvb,
M‡elYv, fveev`] ; Aviex Rvbv _vK‡jI Dnvi g~j
welqe¯‘ D×vi Kiv GgbwK Aviexq‡`i ØvivI m¤¢e bq
Ges m¤¢e nqwb| jvjb, iix›`ªbv_, bRi“‡ji A‡bK
KweZv, Mvb eo eo wkw¶Z ev½vjxMY AvRI eyS‡Z m¶g
nqwb| ZvQvov †h hZB ci‡`kx we‡`kx fvlv wkLyK bv
†Kb, hLb †m Zv c‡o A_© Rvbv _vK‡j Zvi gvZ…-fvlv‡Z
Abyw`Z n‡qB Zvi ü`‡q †iKW© nq| †hgb : ÔIqvUviÕ

D”PviY Kivi m‡½ m‡½B [A_© Rvbv _vK‡j] ev½vjx‡`i
ü`‡q ÔcvwbÕ kã Abyw`Z n‡qB †iKW© nq| gvZ…fvlvi
¸i“Z¡ I g~j¨vqY GLv‡bB| Ab¨ fvlv †kLv I Rvbvi A_©B H
mg¯— fvlv¸wj Avcb fvlvi k„sL‡j k„sLjve× Ki‡Z mg_©
nIqv| AZGe Avcb fvlv Qvov wbLyZ Rvbv †evSvi Avi
†Kvb weKí †bB, Avjer †bB|
KwZcq †ckv`vix Av‡jg I Abyev`KMY †h †Kvb
Abyw`Z †Kvivb‡K †Kvivb e‡jB ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv, Aviex
†Kviv‡bi gZ mb¥vb ev ¸i“Z¡I †`b bv; D`vniY †`Lyb:
Attention Please: The Holy Qur’an is revealed
in Arabic so the Qur’an is only the Arabic Text not
its translation in any other language. [Ref: English
Translation of the Meaning of Al Qur’an; by Md.
Farooq-i-Azam Malik; Pub: The Institute of Islamic
Knowledge, Texas, America]

weÁvcbwUi c‡¶ hyw³ †`Lvb †h, Aviex †Kvivb Awn
K‡i cvVv‡bv n‡q‡Q, c¶vš—‡i Abyev` Awn K‡i cvVv‡bv
nq wb myZivs Abyev`‡K Ô†KvivbÕ ejv hv‡e bv| Zv‡`i
GB evjmyjf Amvi hyw³i hyw³ Av‡Q e‡U! Avi Zv n‡jv:
Abyev`‡K Ô†KvivbÕ ej‡Z hv‡eB ev †Kb? Ô†KvivbÕ
Aviex kã, Gi Abyev‡` †h fvlvq hv nq ZvB-B ejv
DwPr|
†hgb: wLwÄi, Rvgvj, mvgmy A_©vr ïKi, DU, m~h©¨
BZ¨vw`| Awn Kiv ÔwLwÄiÕ Avi Abywy`Z ÔïK‡iiÕ g‡a¨
hviv cv_©K¨ Lyu‡R †eovb Zviv †Kviv‡bi Abyev` K‡iI
Avgvi gZ MÛgyL©B i‡q †M‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq| c¶vš—‡i
Zviv Ô†Kviv‡biÕ Abyev` bv K‡i eis Ae©vwP‡bi gZ
Abyev‡` Ô†KvivbÕ kãwUB e¨envi K‡i ¯^ we‡ivwaZvi
¯^v¶i †i‡L‡Qb| mg~n Avqv‡Zi Abyev` Ki‡Z cvi‡j
Ô†Kvivb, Avj−vn, gvjvKzZ, RvbœvZ-Rvnvbœvg, bwe-ivQyj
BZ¨vw` kã¸wji Abyev‡` evav †Kv_vq! mv‡o †PŠÏ kZ
erm‡iI Zv †Kb Kiv nq wb! Ô‡KvivbÕ k‡ãi Abyev`
Ki‡Z whwb m¶g bb, †Kviv‡bi wfZ‡ii welqe¯‘ Abyev`
Kiv Zvi c‡¶ †gv‡UB m¤¢e bq! Dciš‘ †Kviv‡bi
AwaKvsk ¸i“Z¡c~Y© k‡ãi e½vbyev` bv K‡i eis wn›`x,

208

DÏ©y,cvikx fvlvq Abyev` K‡i‡Qb, †hgb: †e‡n¯—, †`vhL,
bvgvR, †ivRv BZ¨vw`| Avi hw` Abyev`K ej‡Z Pvb †h,
Aviex ÔwLwÄiÕ ej‡j A¶i cÖwZ 10 ¸Y †Qvqve n‡e,
c¶vš—‡i evsjvq ïKi ev Bs‡iwR‡Z Ôci&KÕ ej‡j cvcbvcvK n‡e ev wKQyB n‡e bv A_ev ÔwLwÄiÕ k‡ãi Abyev`
ÔïKiÕ mgv_©‡evaK ev mggv‡bi nqwb! †h‡nZz Zv Awn bq!
Ggb m‡›`n wb‡q Zviv wK D‡Ï‡k¨ Abyev` K‡i‡Qb!
GKgvÎ †ckv`vix e‡jB wK bq? Avi GKwU hyw³ n‡Z cv‡i
†h, Aviex fvlvq Awn K‡i hv ejv n‡q‡Q Zv we‡k¦i †Kvb
Abyev`‡Ki c‡¶B wVK wVK Ges AweKj Abyev` Kiv m¤¢e
bq| hyw³wU †Kviv‡bi †¶‡Î †hgb mZ¨; Kwe, mvwnwZ¨K,
`vk©wbK‡`i MÖ‡š’i †ejvqI Z`ª“c mZ¨| GgbwK Avie
fvlv-fvlx‡`i c‡¶I Aviex †Kvivb Z`ª“c mZ¨| Aviex
cwÛZ I †bZv Avey mywdqvb, Avey‡h‡nj Aviex †Kvivb
ey‡S wb, AvieevmxMY AvRI †Kvivb †ev‡S bv|
GgZve¯’vq Avie wfbœ Ab¨ fvlx‡`i †Kvivb Rvbvi ev
†evSvi Avcb fvlvi Abyev` Qvov A‡jŠwKK †Kvb c_ ev
gZ& Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| we‡`kxMY bv ey‡S
nvRvi evi Aviex †Kvivb co‡j hv bv cv‡e A_©vr †Qvqve
(jvf) bv cv‡e, Zv Avcb fvlvi Abyw`Z †Kviv‡b m‡›`n
_vK‡jI Zvi GKwU evYx co‡jB †ewk jvfevb nIqv
Avjer m¤¢e; †h‡nZz †m wKQyUv n‡jI eyS‡e|
we‡k¦i mKj gnv g~j¨evb eB-cy¯—K Abyev` K‡i mKj
fvlv-fvlxMY DcK…Z n‡”Qb| AZGe Rbve dvi“KxMY ¯^
Abyev‡` Dwj−wLZ weÁvcb w`‡q Avcb wbe©yw×Zvi cwiPq
w`‡q Avj−vni evYx weµq K‡i A_© wVKB DcvR©b Ki‡Qb|
c¶vš—‡i Abyev‡`i Dci mivmwi m‡›`n †jcb K‡i
†gvmjgvb‡`i Avi GK avc wcQ‡b †U‡b wb‡q‡Qb|
Avj−vn Z_v †d‡i¯—vMY G¨vivweqvb bb, Zv‡`i †Kvb
wbw`©ó fvlv †bB| mKj fvlvB ZviB m„wó I mg-gv‡bi|
hvi hvi ag©-K‡g©i fvlv Avcb Avcb gvZ…fvlv Ges Avcb
fvlv‡ZB hveZxq ag©-Kg© I QIqvj RIqve Ki‡Z n‡e|
†Kvivb †`Lyb:
Awgb Av-Bqv-wZwn-- Av-wjgxb| [50: iƒg-22]
A_©: Ges Zvi wb`k©bvw`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg n‡”Q `„k¨-A`„k¨

m„wó Ges †Zvgv‡`i wewfbœ fvlv I e‡Y©i ˆewPΨ| Bnv‡Z
Ávbx‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q A‡bK wk¶vi welq|
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wji Dci Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i
mvgvb¨UzKzI hw` Cgvb Avgvb †_‡K _v‡K Z‡e, Avj−vn‡K
Avj−vn ej‡Z n‡e Dcvm¨ ejv hv‡e bv; †Lv`v, MW, Ck¦i,
fMevb, cÖfy ejv hv‡e bv| KviY Zv Aviex bq Ges
kã¸wji ¯¿x wj½ Av‡Q| kã¸wji wj½vš—i gvby‡lB
K‡i‡Q; Avj−vn K‡iwb| AZGe ÔAvj−vnÕ k‡ãiI ¯¿x wj½
K‡i cÖPvi cÖwZôv K‡i †Kvb iK‡g GKevi Awfav‡b
wjLv‡Z cvi‡jB †Zv n‡jv| g~j¨evb K_v n‡jv, ÔAvj−vnÕ
k‡ãi g‡a¨ hw` bvix ¯^Z¡ I bvix ZË¡ bv _v‡K Z‡e
ÔAvj−vnÕ kãwU A‡a©KUvB Ac~Y© e‡j ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z nq; hv
wkiwK Aciva †nZz †gvm‡jg‡`i c‡¶ †kvfv cvq bv|
ÔAvj−vnÕ kãwU bZzb Avwe®‹vi bq| Avie
†cŠËwjK‡`i ¯^-¯^ †MvÎxq g~wZ© _vKvi c‡iI Kvev N‡i
me©‡MvÎxq mgw_©Z I c~Rbxq GKwU g~wZ© wQj Zvi bvg wQj
AvÕjvZ, AvÕj−vZ, AvÕj−vnZ †_‡KB ÔAvj−vnÕ k‡ãi
DrcwË; wneª“ I AvivwgK fvlvq Zv Aj−v, Bjv, Bj−vn,
Avjx, Gjx bv‡gI cwiwPZ|
erm‡i GKevi n‡¾i mgq ¯^ ¯^ †MvÎxq g~wZ©¸wj GB
AvÕj−vZ Gi ¯ú‡k© AvMvgx erm‡ii Rb¨ KvíwbK cweÎ,
cwiï×KiY I mg_©b Kíbv K‡i n¾ †k‡l ¯^ ¯^ g~wZ©
wb‡q wd‡i †hZ| ÔbvgvRÕ kãwUI cvimxK‡`i Av¸b
cyRvi bvg wQj ; †gvm‡jg nIqvi c‡i Zviv Av¸b cyRvi
AvbyôvwbKZv Z¨vM K‡i ÔbvgvRÕ‡K Avj−vni w`‡K i¾y
K‡i; Z`ª“c AvÕj−vZ‡K Avj−vni w`‡K i¾y Kiv n‡q‡Q,
Zv‡Z †`v‡li wKQy †bB|
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm Avj−vn‡K Kwig ejv hv‡e, `vZv ejv
hv‡e bv; b~i‡K †R¨vwZ ev Av‡jv ejv hv‡e bv; gvDb ev
gybv‡K wnw›`, DÏ©y I hy‡Mvk−vfxqvb fvlvq cvwb ejv hv‡e
wKš‘ evsjv fvlvq Rj ejv hv‡qR †bB! QvjvZ, wmqvg‡K
bvgvR, †ivRv ejv hv‡e wKš‘ evsjvq cÖv_©bv ev c~Rv,
Dcevm ejv hv‡e bv; KwZcq ¯^-†NvwlZ Bgvg, Av‡jgAvj−vgv‡`i Gmg¯— †Kvivb wei“× `vex-`vIqv¸wj wekvj
ee©iZvi cwiPq|

209

G‡nb kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm: Aviex e‡Y© Òwem&wgj−vwni
ingvwbi ivwngÓ †Kvb cÎ cwÎKvq †jLv bvhv‡qR; KviY
Zv †KD †hLv‡b †mLv‡b ev Mvi‡eR K‡i w`‡Z cv‡i|
c¶vš—‡i GB GKB Ges AweKj D”PviY I mgv_© c~Y©
evK¨wU evsjv e‡Y© wj‡L Mvi‡eR Kiv hv‡qR Av‡Q! A_©vr
Zviv GUvB eySv‡Z Pvb †h, ÔïKiÕ kãwU D”PviY Ki‡jB
cvc wKš‘ Aviex‡Z ÔwLwÄiÕ [ïKi] D”PviY Ki‡jB A¶i
cÖwZ `k¸Y †Qvqve n‡e!
KvM‡Ri Rb¥ BwZnvm mK‡ji Rvbvi K_v| wKš‘ AvR †`o
nvRvi eQ‡ii g‡a¨ KvMR ˆZwii Dcv`vb¸wj cvK-cweÎ
Kiv n‡qwQj wK bv! †Kvivb Qvcvi †gwkb¸wj ixwZgZ
ARy-†Mvmj Kiv‡bv n‡qwQj wK bv! nv‡qR †bdvm I hybyex
[mnev‡m AcweÎ] bi-bvix Z_v weag©x‡`i Øviv QvcveuvavB n‡qwQj wK bv! Kvwji g‡a¨ g` RvZxq Z_v nvivg
wKQy wQj wK bv! ïq‡ii i³ ev Pwe© RvZxq wKQy †j‡M‡Q wK
bv! Gmg¯— Lei`vwi Kivi Rb¨ AvR ch©š— we‡k¦ GKRb gvÎ
gydwZ Avj−vgvi Rb¥ nq wb| c¶vš—‡i, GKB K_v Aview
e‡Y© wjL‡j Mvi‡eR Kiv bvhv‡qR Avi evsjv e‡Y© wjL‡j
Mvi‡eR Kiv Rv‡qR Ggb mKj Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i DwPr
¯^-¯^ ¯¿x‡`i A_ev ¯^-¯^ wkï mš—vb‡`i wbKU A¶i Ávb
Z_v ag© ZË¡ wk¶v Kiv| Ávb AR©‡b G‡Z j¾vi wKQy †bB|
AvieMY Aviex †jLv KvMR w`‡q U‡q‡jU K‡i _v‡K,
cÎ cwÎKv Qvcvq, Aviex †jLv KvMR iv¯—v-Nv‡U, b`©gvcvqLvbvq, cv‡qi Zjvq c‡o _v‡K Ges †djv nq; Zv‡Z
†Kviv‡bi †Kvb Aegvbbv nq bv Ges nq wb| †gŠjev`x
Avey †h‡nj Mvq-MZ‡i, Rvgv-Kvc‡o †`L‡Z Rei`¯—
Av‡jg-Avj−vgv I cxi mv‡ne‡`i gZB wQj; †Kviv‡bi
cÖwZwU A¶i Z_v AmsL¨ AvqvZ Zvi ü`‡q Muv_v wQj, Zvi
Aš—i evwni Aviex fvlvq ficyi wQj wKš‘ Avey †h‡n‡ji
†Kvb †Qvqve ev ag© Ávb nq wb; Avi ag© Z_v †Kviv‡biI
wKQy hvq Av‡m wb|
†Kviv‡bi Aegvbbv nq ZLb hLb Bnv ¯^xKvi K‡i
wKš‘ gv‡b bv; c‡o wKš‘ †ev‡S bv; †ev‡S wKš‘ ev¯—e
Rxe‡b cÖwZdjb K‡i bv; Aegvbbv Kiv nq ZLb hLb Zv
Kvc‡o †cwuP‡q N‡ii m‡e©v”P Zv‡K e›`x K‡i †i‡L

cwie‡Z© gvbyl iwPZ `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZ cvjb K‡i; †Kviv‡bi
Acgvb Kiv nq ZLb, hLb †Kviv‡bi m‡½ e¨w³ I `jxq
iwPZ MÖš’vw`i kwiK Kiv nq; Aeg~j¨vqY Kiv nq ZLb
hLb †Kviv‡bi fyj I Ac-e¨vL¨v Kiv nq| †Kviv‡bi
†eB¾Zx Kiv nq ZLb hLb ag©v‡jvPbvq Avcb fzj-åvwš—
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K cÖgvwYZ nIqvi c‡iI Avcb ¯^v_©,
wnsmv I we‡Ø‡li Kvi‡Y Q‡je‡j I K‚U-‡KŠk‡j Bnv‡K
A¯x^Kvi Kiv nq|
*
68 ‡Kvivb msKjb weZ‡K©i D‡×©!
evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ Ômsw¶ß
Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ 1g L‡Û wewfbœ MÖ‡š’i eiv‡Z
wj‡L‡Qb :
1. -- ivQyj [mv] Zvnvi RxeÏkv‡ZB Avj−vni Av‡`‡k
†Kviv‡bi mgy`q Avqv‡Zi web¨vm-k„sLj wbiƒwcZ
Kwiqv w`qvwQ‡jb Ges ¯^qs ivQyj [mv] I eû mvnvex
GBfv‡e m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb gyL¯— Kwiqv wQ‡jb--| [`ªª:
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl; c„: 70,336]
2. †Kviv‡bi eZ©gvb iƒc ivQyj [mv] KZ©„K wbw`©ó n‡q
wQj| -- nvw`m †_‡KI Rvbv hvq †h, ivQyj [mv]
cÖ‡Z¨K ermi ivgv`vb gv‡m mgMÖ †Kvivb A_©vr H
mgq ch©š— mgMÖ †Kvivb wReªxj GKevi K‡i Ges Zuvi
Rxe‡bi †kl igv`v‡b mgMÖ †Kvivb wReªxj‡K `yB/wZb
evi ïwb‡q wQ‡jb| Bnv n‡Z ¯úó eySv hvq †h, ivmyj
[mv] Gi Idv‡Zi c~‡e©B †Kvivb gwR‡`i Qyiv I
AvqvZ¸wji µg web¨vm wba©viY I wbw`©ó Ae¯’vq wQj
Ges †h mKj Qvnvexi †Kvivb gyL¯— wQj ZvivI H
µgvbymv‡i gyL¯— †i‡L wQ‡jb| [`ª: H, c„: 70,336]
3. ivQy‡ji mgqB Avqv‡Zi msL¨v MYbv Kiv nBqvwQj--nvw`m nB‡ZI cÖgvwYZ nq †h ivQy‡ji RxeÏkvq
†Kvivb gwR‡`i Avqv‡Zi msL¨v wbY©q Kiv nBqvwQj|
[H, c„: 70,336]
4. gnvbex KZ©„K wjwLZ †Kvivb wewe nvdmvi gvidZ cÖvß

210

n‡q nhiZ Imgvb Dnvi AvqvZ b¤^imn bKj K‡i
Avi‡ei mKj †`‡k †cÖiY K‡ib hv A`¨ewa cÖPvwiZ
I cÖwZwôZ Av‡Q| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 1g
LÛ; ÔAvqvZÕ I Ô†KvivbÕ Aa¨vq; c„: 70 I 336 ]
†ekx w`‡bi K_v bq, cÖvq 50 ermi c~‡e©i Abyw`Z I
cÖKvwkZ †h †Kvb †Kviv‡bi cÖvi‡¤¢ KqwU myiv, KqwU
cviv, gbwRj, i“Kz, †mR`v I AvqvZ, kã, †Ri, Rei,
†ck, Zvmw`` msL¨vi wnmvemn GKwU ¯^Zš¿ ZvwjKv
_vK‡Zv Ges Zv‡Z Avqv‡Zi msL¨v 6,666wU D‡j−L
_vK‡Zv| wKš‘ AvaywbK cÖKvwkZ †Kviv‡b meB _v‡K wKš‘
AvqvZ msL¨v _v‡K bv| D`vniY ¯^iƒc evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK
dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ †Kvivb Ab¨Zg| Gi KviY AÁvZ
I inm¨RbK e‡U! ejvevûj¨, †gveviK Kixg RIni
Abyw`Z †Kviv‡b AvRI 6,666wU AvqvZ †jLv Av‡Q;
†jLv Av‡Q Avkivd Avjx _vbfxi Abyw`Z †Kvivbmn
AwaKvsk †Kviv‡b| wKš‘ †KvivbLvwbi AvqvZ msL¨v GKzb
Ki‡j cvIqv hvq gvÎ 6,236wU; A_©vr 430 wU AvqvZ
Kg! G¶‡Y †h †KD †h †Kvb †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ msL¨v ¸‡Y
Zvi mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ib| AwcÖq n‡jI mZ¨
‡h, GB mvaviY ev AmvaviY fyjwU AvR †`o nvRvi ermi
hver †Kvivb bxi‡e mn¨ K‡i Avm‡Q!
Gev‡i j¶¨Yxq wek¦‡Kv‡li wØZxq Z_¨:
Ò-- Avi‡ei wewfbœ A‡ji K¡vixMY †Kviv‡bi
Avqv‡Zi msL¨v wba©viY K‡i‡Qb: Kzdx‡`i g‡Z: 6,236wU
AvqvZ; emivevmx‡`i g‡Z: 6,216wU AvqvZ;
wmixqvevmx‡`i g‡Z: 6,250wU AvqvZ; BmgvBj Be‡b
Rvdi g`bxi g‡Z: 6,214wU AvqvZ; g°x‡`i g‡Z:
6,218wU AvqvZ; nhiZ Avqkvi g‡Z: 6,666wU AvqvZÓ|
[`ª: H, ÔAvqvZÕ Aa¨vq; c„: 70 ]
Av‡jvP¨ Z_¨ `yÕwU G‡K A‡b¨i wecixZ; A_©vr GKwU
AciwU‡K wg_¨v, fzj Z_v KvíwbK e‡jB mv¶¨ †`q|
cÖ_gwU hviv wek¦vm Ki‡eb, Zv‡`i Aek¨B wek¦vm Ki‡Z
nq †h, wReªxj KZ©„K ms‡kvwaZ †Kvivb AvR‡Ki we‡k¦i
†KDB AbymiY Ki‡Qb bv; eis `j Dc-`j KZ©„K Abyw`Z
†Kvivb mK‡jB AbymiY KiwQ; †hgb AvR‡Ki Avgiv Qybœx

m¤cÖ`vq Dwj−wLZ Kzwd g‡Zi †Kvivb AbymiY KiwQ; hvi
Avqv‡Zi msL¨v 6,236 wU| Avi wØZxqwU wek¦vm Ki‡j
wReªxj KZ©„K cix¶v I ms‡kvab m¤^Üxq nvw`m¸wji Avi
†Kvb Aw¯’Z¡ i¶v Kiv m¤¢e nq bv| ZvQvov j−wLZ †Kvb&
g‡Zi †KvivbLvwb wReªxj KZ…©K cix¶xZ I ms‡kvwaZ Zv
Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
wewe Avqkvi g‡Z AvqvZ msL¨v 6,666wU| Zvi ¯^-c‡¶
GKwU HwZnvwmK `y`©vš— cÖgvY i‡q‡Q : ZrKv‡j Zzi‡¯‹i
kvlYKZ©v Avi‡ei Ljxdv bv‡g ivRv-ev`kv‡`i ïf `„wó
AvKl©‡Yi Rb¨ †Kviv‡bi 6,666wU Avqv‡Zi cÖgvY I
cÖZxK ¯^iƒc 6,666wU ¯^‡Y©i †gvgevwZ msewjZ gnv
g~j¨evb GKwU evwZ`vbx ˆZix K‡ib Kvev N‡i Dcnvi
†`qvi Rb¨| wKš‘ wewa evg, nVvr gymwjg exi Kvgvj
AvZvZy‡K©i AvMg‡Y ZyK©x †gŠjev` jÛ-fÛ nIqvi d‡j
†m cwiKíbv evwZj n‡q hvq| AZtci Kvgvj cvkv
†ZvcKvcx wgDwRqv‡g H evwZ`vbxwU i¶Y K‡ib, hv
AvRI †mLv‡b A¶Z Ae¯’vq i‡q‡Q| ïay ZvB-B bq,
Imgv‡bi [iv] wjwLZ †KvivbI †mLv‡b i‡q‡Q|
c¶vš—‡i, AvR‡Ki †Kviv‡b †jLv _v‡K 6,666wU AvqvZ
[wewe Avqkvi gZ, wKš‘ Zvi msiw¶Z †Kvivb †bB], wnmve
Ki‡j cvIqv hvq 6,236wU [Kzdx gZ] AvqvZ| nZevK
n‡jI mZ¨ †h, GB fzj Z_¨wU AvR †`o nvRvi eQi hver
Avj−vni cweÎ †Kvivb bxi‡e aviY K‡i Av‡Q Ges
Avj−vgvMY Bnv †R‡b-ï‡bB †Mvcb K‡i Pj‡Qb| AZGe,
evwK 430 wU AvqvZ †K, KLb Ges wKfv‡e Mv‡qe Ki‡jv
ev n‡jv, Zv cÖ‡Z¨KwU gymwj‡gi GKvš—fv‡eB †f‡e †`Lv
Ges Awej‡¤^ cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv AZ¨vek¨Kxq
e‡j g‡b Kiv DwPr|
†Kviv‡bi AvqvZ m¤^‡Ü Dwj−wLZ Z_¨ `yÕwU G‡K A‡b¨i
wecixZ Zv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| GB ˆecixZ¨
avgvPvcv †`qvi Rb¨ A_ev wbixn Rbmvavi‡Yi `„wó åg
Kivi Rb¨ Ômsw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ 15 Rb Av‡jgm¤úv`K, hv‡`i g‡a¨ 5 Rb W±‡iU, 1Rb Aa¨¶, 2 Rb
Aa¨vcK I 1 Rb nv‡dRI i‡q‡Qb Ges evwKMY mK‡jB
gbxlx, BmjvwgK wPš—vwe` BZ¨vw`; Zv‡`i mw¤§wjZ gš—e¨

211

n‡jv: ÒAvqv‡Zi Avi¤¢ I †kl †Kv_vq, GB m¤^‡Ü
gZ‡f‡`i Kvi‡Y msL¨vq Giƒc ZviZg¨ n‡q‡Q|Ó [ `ª: H,
ÔAvqvZÕ Aa¨vq ; c„: 70]
wek¦‡Kv‡li Z_¨ `yÕwU ci¯úi wecixZ Avi Av‡jg‡`i
mw¤§wjZ gš—e¨wU wÎcixZ e‡U! Ggb wK‡kvimyjf gš—e¨
Zv‡`i ag© Ávb I `~i`k©xZv m¤^‡Ü nZvkv e¨³ Kiv Qvov
Avi †Kvb c_ †Lvjv †bB| KviY Dc‡iv³ weei‡Yi m‡½
gš—e¨wUi †Kvb wgj †bB| G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kvb gš—e¨ Kivi
`ytmvnm Avgvi gZ g³‡ei Aa¨vc‡Ki c‡¶ †kvfv cvq
bv| Z‡e, giûg AuvKivg LuvÕi Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ Gi †jLv
†QvÆ GKwU NUbv g‡b c‡o| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb †h, Rxe‡b
GKeviB gvÎ Av‡jg‡`i m‡½ ag©-Z‡K© †n‡i Rvb| †Kvb
GK MÖv‡g Luv mv‡ne ev‡n‡R [ag©xq weZK© mfvq] AeZxY©
nb| cÖm½µ‡g Av‡jgMY `vex K‡ib †h, Avjx [iv] iv‡gi
ivRZ¡Kv‡j fvi‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb; Zvi cÖgvY ¯^iƒc Av‡jgMY
GKLvwb eû cyiv‡bv g¯— eo cyuw_ MÖš’ G‡b Luv mv‡n‡ei
mvg‡b c‡o †kvbvb| Zv‡Z †jLv wQj: ÔAvjx Avi exi
nbygvb/A‡hva¨vq gnv hy×/†`v‡bv c‡jvqvY|Õ AZtci †KD
KvD‡K nviv‡Z cv‡iwb e‡jI Zv‡Z D‡j−L Av‡Q! †KZv‡ei
GB eqvb ï‡b Ges ¯^P‡¶ g¯—eo †KZve †`‡L Dcw¯’Z
Av‡jgMY mg¯^‡i wb‡R‡`i c‡¶ Rq Rq †NvlYv K‡ib|
[`ª: †gv¯—dv PwiZ: AvKivg Luv]
Imgv‡bi [iv] Rxeb †`qv i‡³ iwÄZ †Kvivb AZtci
gyqvexqv [iv] I Zuvi †mbvcwZ Avgi Gebyj Avm& [iv] KZ©„K
†Kviv‡bi ey‡K †bRv-ej−g we× †_‡K ïi“ K‡i DgvBqv I
AveŸvmxq ivRZ¡Kv‡j cweÎ †Kvivb wb‡q †h wQwbwgwb
†Ljv n‡q‡Q, Zv Ab¯^xKvh©|
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡li wbæ ewY©Z cybt Z‡_¨ Zv
Av‡iv k³ K‡i cÖgvY K‡i :
1. Zdwm‡i evq`ex‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, myiv evKviv‡Z
281 wU AvqvZ Av‡Q| Be‡b AveŸvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z
n‡q‡Q †h, AwaKvs‡ki g‡Z †Kvivb gwR‡`i AeZxY©
†kl AvqvZwU m¤^‡Ü nhiZ [`:] e‡jb, ÒBnv‡K
evKvivi 280Zg ‡kl Avqv‡Zi c‡i mwbœ‡ewkZ Ki|Ó
[`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ; ÔAvqvZÕ Aa¨vq;

c„: 70]|
AZGe, myiv evKvivi AvqvZ msL¨v nIqv DwPr †gvU
281wU| c¶vš—‡i †mLv‡b Av‡Q †gvU 286 wU AvqvZ|
Z`ycwi gnvbexi wb‡`©k gZ †mB †kl AvqvZwU †mLv‡b
mwbœ‡ewkZ Kiv nq wb| Av‡iv cÖKvk _v‡K †h AwZwi³ 5wU
AvqvZ myiv evKvivq wKfv‡e! wK K‡i! Ges †Kv_v †_‡K
Xz‡K co‡jv, †Kb co‡jv GB HwZnvwmK cÖkœwU AvRI
†Mvcb i‡q‡Q|
2. nhiZ Dweq¨vi [iv] cÖwZwjwc‡Z 2 wU myiv AwZwi³
wQj| [`ª: H,c„: 336, 338]
3. Be‡b gvmyD` [iv] Gi cÖwZwjwc‡Z myiv bs 113 I
114 weØgvb wQj bv| [`ª: H, c„: 336, 338]
4. kxqv‡`i g‡Z nhiZ Avjx [iv] I Zvi es‡ki [bex
es‡ki] †kªôZ¡ m¤^Üxq AvqvZmg~n GgbwK myiv mg~n
†Kvivb †_‡K ev` †`qv n‡q‡Q, h_v : (K) myiv Avjbyivqb I (L) myiv Iqvjvqv| [`ª:msw¶ß Bmjvgx
wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„: 336, 338]
5. nhiZ Imgvb [iv] †Kviv‡bi †h cÖwZwjwc cÖ¯‘Z
KwiqvwQ‡jb-- H wjLb c×wZ GLbI cÖPwjZ
i‡q‡Q| †Kviv‡bi H cÖwZwjwc‡Z byKÕZv: I ¯^i wPý
wQj bv, d‡j AbAvie‡`i c‡¶ H †Kvivb ï×fv‡e
cvV Kiv KwVb wQj| `ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g
LÛ, c„: 336, 338]
[cieZ©x‡Z †bv³v I KviK wefw³ ms‡hvRb Kiv Avj−vnivQyj, wReªxj Z_v †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi B”Qv I Kv‡Ri
Dci mvaviY gvby‡li AbwaKvi n¯—‡¶c| †Kviv‡b †bv³v,
KviK wefw³ ms‡hvRb Kiv nq †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi cÖvq
140 †_‡K 350 ermi c‡i|]
6. †Kviv‡bi cÖvgvY¨ cvV mywba©vwiZ ivLvi Rb¨ DgvBqv
hy‡M Aviex eY©gvjvi mgiƒcx eY©mg~‡ni wewfbœZv myPK
by³v: wPý [we›`y] cÖhy³ nq| GZبZxZ ¯^iwPýmg~n I
Zvbfxb ¯¿x wj½ m„PK Aš—¨ †Mvj ÔZvÕ, Avwj‡di
e¨Äb eY©mg~‡ni wØZ¡‡evaK wPý [Zvmw``] I cÖPwjZ
nq--| [`ª:msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„:
336, 338]

212

7. -- cvV wePv‡ii GB gvb Abyhvqx mßKvixi cvV [I
†jLv] Bmjvgx mgv‡R cÖPwjZ wQj| eZ©gvb Kv‡j
Bnv‡`i `yÕR‡bi cvV gvÎ cÖPwjZ Av‡Q--| wgki
e¨ZxZ Avwd«Kvi me©Î bvwdÕi cvV [†jLv] Ges wgk‡i
I c„w_exi evwK As‡k nvd&‡mÕi cvV [†jLv] cÖPwjZ|
[`ª:msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„: 336, 338]
8. ¯^i wPýmg~n cÖ_‡g e‡Y©i wewfbœ ¯’v‡b by³viƒ‡c wjwLZ
nBZ| Aóg kZvwãi ga¨fv‡M GB e¨e¯’v cwieZ©xZ
Kwiqv ÔAvwjdÕ, ÔIqvIÕ, Ges Ôq¨vÕ Gi AbyKi‡Y
eZ©gv‡b e¨eüZ hei, †ck I †hi cÖewZ©Z nq| †Kn
†Kn †Kviv‡bi wjwc‡Z G¸wji e¨envi m½Z g‡b
K‡ib bvB| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„:
336-338]
9. (K) BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkbmn mKj Abyw`Z †Kviv‡bi
ïi“‡ZB myiv dv‡Znvq †jLv Av‡Q: ÔweQwgj−v-wni
ivngv-wbi ivwngÕ c¶vš—‡i BDQyd Avjxi Abyw`Z
†Kviv‡b, †jLv Av‡Q: ÔweQ‡g Avj−vn Aviingvb
Aviivwng|Õ 113 wU myivi D”Pvi‡Y, wjLb-cV‡b
Abyiƒc cv_©K¨ weØgvb|
L) H GKB MÖš’؇q Qyiv evKvivi cÖ_g AvqvZ Avwjdjvg-wgg Gi Dc‡i Zvmw``mn `yÕwU eo g` Av‡Q
c¶vš—‡i BDQyd Avjxi Abyw`Z †Kviv‡b Zvmw`` †bB
Av‡Q gvÎ `yÕwU eo g`; ZvQvov GgbI †Kvivb Av‡Q
hv‡Z Avwjd jvg wg‡gi Dci †Kvb niKZ&B †bB|
M) Abyiƒc Djv-BKv wjL‡Z MÖš’؇q Avwj‡di Dc‡i ïay
†ck c¶vš—‡i BDQyd Avjx wj‡L‡Qb Avwj‡di Dc‡i
nvgRv AZtci †ck| mgMÖ †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ jvB‡b
Abyiƒc cv_©K¨ we`¨gvb Av‡Q| Gi A_© we‡k¦ `yÕiK‡gi
†jLv I D”PviY msewjZ †Kvivb cÖPwjZ! Kw_Z nq
‡h, Imgv‡bi msiw¶Z †Kviv‡b GgbwK †Ri,
hei,†ck wKQyB †bB|
N) evsjvi 15/20 Rb †miv Av‡jg-Avj−vgv 8g evi
ms‡kvab Kivi c‡iI BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûk‡bi †Kviv‡b
AvbKveyZ Qyivi i“Kz‡Z Avqv‡Zi msL¨v 69 Gi ¯’‡j

†jLv Av‡Q 67 Ges Ab¨ÎI Abyiƒc _vKv ¯^vfvweK|
AZGe Gi †P‡qI ¸i“Z¡c~Y© fyj ev Qvcv fyj _vKv
Aev¯—e wKQy bq Ges Zv ¯^vfvweK †nZz kiwg›`v
nIqviI wKQy †bB|
gyLe‡›` mivmwi wbf©~j Qvcvi `vwe Ki‡Z mvnmx nbwb
eis fyj ¯^xKvi K‡i Ges Zv ms‡kva‡bi Rb¨ GgbwK
8g ms¯‹i‡YI cvVK‡`i Av‡e`b Rvwb‡q‡Qb|
10. Ôbv‡QKÕ ÔgbQyKÕ bv‡g kwiqwZ-gv‡idvwZ Ges
wkqv-Qybœx AmsL¨ ZdwQiKviMY †ek wKQy
Avqv‡Zi Dci wjwLZ cÖgvbvw`mn Avw`Kvj †_‡K
m‡›`n ‡cvlY K‡i Avm‡Qb|
11. Bgvg ev‡Ki [Avt] e‡jb, wZb k‡Zi Dci
†Kviv‡bi evK¨ ÔZvnixdÕ A_©vr Ôe`jÕ Kiv n‡q‡Q
hv Avn‡j evB‡Zi kv‡b wQj| Bnv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K
Bgvg †bmvB 150wU ¯^ cÖgvb K‡i‡Qb| wmivZzbœex
A_©vr bexi PvwiwÎK ¸YivwR †h mKj ev‡K¨
Dwj−wLZ wQj Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 114wU evK¨ e`j
Kiv n‡q‡Q| G mKj ev‡K¨i A‡bK¸wj Be‡b
Kvwmi Zvi Zdmx‡i UxKv‡Z cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| wK
wQj Ges Dnvi ¯’‡j wK Av‡Q Zv wZwb cÖgvb
K‡i‡Qb| AmsL¨ D`vni‡Yi g‡a¨ gvÎ 3wU D`vniY
j¶bxq:
K)
Qyiv Avnhv‡ei cÖ_g evK¨wU Giƒc wQj: Bqv
AvBqynvb bvex Kzj GËvwKj−vnv Ajv ZzwZBj
Kv‡dixbv Aj †gvbv‡dwKbv--| A_©vr †n bex,
Avcwb [wek¦vmxMY‡K] e‡j w`b Avj−vn‡K fq
Ki‡Z Ges Kv‡di I ‡gvbv‡dKMY‡K AbymiY bv
Ki‡Z--| evK¨wU‡Z ÔKzjÕ A_©vr Ôe‡j w`bÕ
K_vwU †d‡j w`‡q GB Qyivi cÖ_g wZbwU ev‡K¨
Dwj−wLZ †n`v‡qZ bexi Dc‡iB n‡qwQj e‡j
Pvwc‡q †`qv nÕj| Bnv‡Z bexi PwiÎ AZ¨š— nxb

213

Ges mvaviY gvbe Pwi‡Î cwiYZ n‡q hv‡”Q| Giƒc
eû RvqMvq bexi wb®‹j¼ Pwi‡Îi g‡a¨ KZ †h
Kj‡¼i †iLvcvZ †Kviv‡b ˆZix K‡i †`qv n‡q‡Q
Zv wPš—vkxj cvVK mn‡RB Abyaveb Ki‡Z m¶g
n‡q _v‡Kb hw`I cÖwZKvi Ki‡Z A¶g|
L)
Qyiv Av‡j Bgiv‡bi cuvP b¤^i evK¨wU n‡jv:
Bbœvj−vnv jv BqvL&dv AvjvB‡n kvBDb wdj& Avi‡`
Ajv wdm& mvgv‡q| Bnv wbæi“‡c wQj e‡j Dwj−wLZ
Av‡Q:ÔBbœvj−vn [bd&mv Bj−v Dmqvnv] jv BqvL&dv
AvjvB‡n kvBDb wdj& Av‡`© Ajv wdm& mvgv‡q|Õ
evK¨wU †_‡K Ôbdmv Bj−v Dm&qvnvÕ K_vwU ev` w`‡q
evK¨wU ivLv n‡q‡Q|
M)
A Bbœvû jv Gjgyb wjm&mvqvZ dvjv Zvg&Zvi“bœv
†env A¯—v‡eDbx| nvRv wmivZzg †gv¯—vKxg|
[hyKi“L-61] A_©: Ges wbðq wZwb [Cmv] n‡jb
mvqv‡Zi Rb¨ Ávb, myZivs †Zvgiv Bnv‡Z m‡›`n
†cvlY KwiI bv Ges Avgv‡K AbymiY Ki| BnvB
†mvivZzg †gv¯—vKxg|
Be‡b gvMv‡Rbx dwK‡q kv‡dqx gbv‡K¡‡ei g‡a¨ Rv‡ei
web Ave`yj−vn Avbmvix †_‡K mb`mn D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb †h,
D³ 61 bs ev‡K¨ Avm‡j GBfv‡e bv‡Ri n‡qwQj: A Bbœv
Avjxqvb †jGjgy wjm-- ‡gv¯—vKxg|
12. 3: Bgivb-144 bs Avqv‡Zi A_©: †gvnv¤§` GKRb
ivQyj e¨ZxZ b‡nb| wbðqB Zvi c~‡e© eû ivQyj
MZ n‡q‡Qb| hw` wZwb g‡i hvb A_ev KZj
nb;†Zvgiv wK cðv`c` n‡q wd‡i hv‡e?--|
GB evK¨ †Kviv‡bi bq e‡j cÖvPxb
ZdmxiKviM‡Yi wjwLZ Zdmxi †_‡K AvRI †Kvb
†Kvb ZdmxiKvi gš—e¨ cÖKvk K‡i Avm‡Qb| [`ª:
10,11,12: Zdmxi `y‡e© gbmyi: 2q L.c„: 140;
Zdmxi Kvk&kvd 1g L. c„: 390; Zdmxi Kwei 3q

L. c„: 200 (wgkixq cÖKvkbv)| cÖh‡Zœ: nvw`m
mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnvm: mvÕ` Dj−vn&; c„: 108-116]
13. Wt ivkv` Lwjdvi bvg Rvbv Av‡Q| wZwb
A‡jŠwKK Ô19Õ msL¨vi mvnv‡h¨ KgwcDUv‡i
†Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU Qyiv wbf©~jZv cÖgvb Ki‡Z
wM‡q Qyiv ZIevi †kl `yÕwU Avqv‡Zi Rb¨ c~Y©
wbf©~jZv cÖgv‡Y e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| ZvB wZwb H `yÕwU
AvqvZ gvby‡li ms‡hvRb Ges †Kviv‡bi bq e‡j
wbR‡K Avj−vni †cÖixZ ivQyj `vex K‡ib Ges
AmsL¨ hyw³-cÖgvb ‡`wL‡q AvqZØq bKj e‡j
cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i‡Qb| Ges Avj−vni Av‡`k †c‡qB
wZwb 19 msL¨vi Av‡jv‡K †Kviv‡bi wbf~©jZv I
wewfbœ fvlvq †Kviv‡bi Abyev` K‡i‡Qb e‡j `vex
K‡ib, hv‡Z cÖPwjZ me©‡gvU AvqvZ msL¨v 6666
I 6236 Gi cwie‡Z© 6234wU wba©vib K‡i‡Qb;
[`ª: submission.org]
AZtci:
14. †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq AeZxY© me©Rb ¯^xK…Z me©cÖ_g
AvqvZ-ÒBKiv wem‡g-Ó, †Kviv‡b ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q
†k‡li w`‡K 96 bs Qyiv ÔAvjv‡KÕ|
15. me©Rb ¯^xK…Z †kl AeZxY© AvqvZ- ÒAvj- BqvIgv
AvKgvjZz---Ó, †Kviv‡bi GB †kl AvqvZwU ¯’vb
†c‡q‡Q †Kviv‡bi cÖ_g As‡ki 5bs Qyiv gv‡q`vi 3
bs Avqv‡Z|
16. Qyiv dv‡Znv 5g myiv e‡j Kw_Z Av‡Q; A_P Zv
emv‡bv n‡q‡Q me©cÖ_g|
17. g°v-gw`bvi AeZxY© Qyiv¸wj mgqKv‡ji wnmve g‡Z
µg web¨vwmZ Ae¯’vq †bB| A_©vr gv`vbx Qyyiv¸wj
†Kviv‡bi cÖ_g As‡k I gK¡x Qyiv¸wj †Kviv‡bi †kl
As‡k ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| AwaKvsk g°x Qyyivi g‡a¨ `yÕGKwU
wew”Qbœ gv`vbx AvqvZ, Abyiƒc gv`vbx Qyyivi g‡a¨I
`yÕGKwU wew”Qbœ gK¡x AvqvZ mwbœ‡ewkZ Kiv Av‡Q| [`ª:
wcK_j Abyw`Z †Kvivb]
18. ‡kvbv hvq †h, m¤úwË e›U‡bi Avqv‡Z g~j m¤úwËi
†P‡q Askx`v‡ii Ask †ekx n‡q hvq| A_©vr

214

D

D`vniY¯^iƒc: g~j m¤•wË hw` nq Ô12Õ, Askx`v‡ii
Ask †hvM Ki‡j nq Ô14Õ| A_©vr 12 fv‡Mi 14 fvM!
AsK kvmªwe`MY m¤úwË e›U‡bi AvqvZ¸wj M‡elYv
K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡ib|
Dwj−wLZ wel‡qi me¸wji †¶‡Î e¨w³MZfv‡e GKgZ bB|
ZeyI ewY©Z n‡q‡Q GKgvÎ kwiq‡Zi Rb¨|
19.A‡bK myiv Av‡Q, hv ÔAÕ A_©vr ÔGesÕ kã w`‡q ïi“
Kiv n‡q‡Q| cÖvq mgMÖ †Kviv‡bB ÔAÕ Gi A_© ÔGesÕ
ÔmyZivsÕ ÔAZGeÕ ÔA_evÕ BZ¨vw` Kiv n‡q‡Q wKš‘
†Kviv‡bi †k‡li w`‡Ki †ek wKQy Qyivq ÔAÕ Gi A_©
Kiv n‡q‡Q Ôkc_Õ ev ÔKmg,Õ hw`I cÖK…Z kc_ A‡_©
ÔKmgÕ kãwU †Kviv‡b Ab¨Î D‡j−L Av‡Q, †hgb: dvjv
DK¡wQgy wegvIqvwK¡ÕBbœy¾yg [56: IqvwKqv-75] A_©:
kc_bvgv b¶ÎivwRi A¯—vP‡ji| ABbœvû jvK¡vQvgyj−vD
ZvÕjvgybv AvRxg [56; IqvwKAv-76] A_©: Aek¨B Bnv
GK gnv kc_, hw` †Zvgiv Rvb‡Z-| welq¸wj iƒcK;
KviY ¯^qs Avj−vni hw` †Kvb wKQyi kc_ ev †`vnvB
w`‡q Awn bvwRj Ki‡Z nq ! Z‡e Zv Avj−vni Rb¨
eoB AcgvbRbK e‡U! KviY Kmg Kiv nq Zzjbvq
wb‡Ri D‡×©i I AwaK wek¦¯’ GKUv wKQyi| ZvQvov ¯^qs
Avj−vn wb‡RB †Kviv‡b †Nvlbv K‡i †h, Ò hviv K_vq
K_vq Kmg K‡i Zv‡`i wek¦vm KwiI bv|Õ [68:
Kvjvg-10] myZivs Avj−vi ¯^qs Nb Nb Kmg Kivi
my‡hvM †Kv_vq! K‡qKwU D`vniY †`Lyb:
K) ˆeKv‡ji kc_| L) QyUš— †Nvovi kc_| M) Zxb d‡ji
kc_, RvBZz‡bi [RjcvB] kc_, wmbvB ce©‡Zi
kc_| N) wbivc` bMixi kc_| O) c~e©v‡ýi kc_| P)
kc_ iRbxi hLb Dnv nq wbSzg| Q) kc_ m~‡h©i Ges
Dnvi wKi‡Yi| R) kc_ P‡›`ªi hLb Dnv m~‡h©i c‡i
Avwef©~Z nq| S) Dlvi kc_| T) kc_ AvKv‡ki Ges
b¶‡Îi BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| [`ª: †Kviv‡bi †klvs‡ki
KwZcq Qyiv]
cÖavbZt ÔA ev GesÕ kãwU `yB ev‡K¨i hy³v¶i; Dnvi c~‡e©
GK ev GKvwaK kã ev evK¨ Aek¨B Av‡Q ev wQj!
e¨vKi‡Yi myÎ g‡Z Dnv Ab¯^xKvh©! AZGe †m evK¨¸wj

nq‡Zv nvwi‡q †M‡Q bZzev ÔAÕ Gi iƒcK A_© D×vi Ki‡Z
n‡e!
20.Ò†KvivbÓ Gi bvgKiY ÔAvj-†KvivbÕ, Ô†Kvivb
kwidÕ, ÔAvj †Kvivbyj KwigÕ, ÔcweÎ †KvivbÕ,
ÔgvÕ†idzj †KvivbÕ, ÔZvweRv‡Z †Kvivb,Õ ÔMwiqvb
†KvivbÕ BZ¨vw` ms‡hvRb¸wj wb®cÖ‡qvRb ev A‡nZzK
ejv hvq| H mg¯— ms‡hvRb¸wj wnRwi 1000 ermi
c‡i n‡q‡Q e‡jB g‡b nq| Avj−vn, †Kvivb, ivQyjbex BZ¨vw` ¯^qs m‡e©vP¨ bvg-¸YevPK kã, Bnv‡`i
cybt AwZ¸Y cÖKv‡ki kã AvRI Avwe¯‹vi nqwb,
Ò†KvivbÕ k‡ãi ¸Yv¸Y ev e¨vL¨v Qvov H bvgwUi m‡½
Ggb ‡Kvb ms‡hvRb †bB|
21.114wU Aa¨vq I Bnv‡`i bvgiKYmn Awn bvwRj nqwb;
m¤¢eZt Imgv‡bi †Kvivb †evW© H¸wj ms‡hvRb
K‡ib|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, GZ¸wj NUbv N‡U‡Q kwiq‡Zi g‡Z
KwíZ wReªvBj KZ©…K 2 evi †Kvivb ms‡kvab Kivi
c‡iB; hv ivQyj Rv‡bb bv, AveyeKi, Igi Rvb‡Zb bv;
GgbwK Avjx RxexZ _vK‡ZI Rvb‡Zb bv|
¯§iYxq †h, Dwj−wLZ aviYv,m‡›`n, hyw³-cÖgvb Ges
weZK©vw` DÌvcY K‡i‡Qb hviv, Zviv cÖavbZt wn›`y, L„óvb
ev Bûw` bb eis mK‡jB wkqv-Qybœx cÖg~L ¯^-‡NvwlZ Bgvg
I bv‡q‡e ivQyjMY|
22.me‡P‡q D‡j−L‡hvM¨ cÖgvY n‡jv m¤úwË e›U‡b Ôg`b
wgivmÕ avivwU| Ôg`b wgivmÕ A_©vr `v`vi RxweZve¯’vq
evevi g„Zz¨ n‡j `v`vi m¤úwË †_‡K wPiZ‡i ewÂZ
n‡Z nq; hw`I bvwZ `v`vi i‡³i Ges esk bv‡gi
DËivwaKvi Ges Zvi m¤úwËi DËivwaKvixi AwaKvi
wb‡qB Ghver evevi m‡½ †fvM K‡i AvmwQj| wKš‘
evevi AKvj g„Zz¨i m‡½ m‡½ GwZg wkï ivZvivwZ
Kc`©KnxY c‡_i wfLvix e‡b †Mj; A_©vr cy‡Îi g„Zz¨i
Kvi‡Y GwZg bvwZi Dc‡i Lvovi Nv! wKš‘ fyBqv,
Rwg`vi, ZvjyK`vi BZ¨vw` esk bv‡gi DËivwaKvimn
AvwZ¥qZvi m¤úK© i‡qB †Mj| wbwin, AeyS GwZ‡gi
Dci GB A_©‰bwZK wb‡lavÁv, hyjyg, AZ¨vPvi

215

‡Kviv‡b ms‡hvM wK we‡qvM Zv †f‡e †`Lv Ab¨vq bq
eis †Qvqve|
†Kviv‡b m¤úwË e›U‡bi aviv¸wj GZB weZwK©Z Ges
m‡›`n hy³ †h gymwjg we‡k¦i `j-Dc`j¸wji g‡a¨ hZB
gZwe‡iva _vKzK m¤úwË e›U‡bi weavb¸wj we‡kl K‡i
g`b wgivm †¶‡Î mgfv‡eB Amš‘ó Ges Zv bv cv‡i
¯^Ztdz©Zfv‡e MÖnY Ki‡Z, bv cv‡i †`vh‡Li f‡q cÖwZev`
Ki‡Z| MZ 14 kZ ermi hver †MvUv gymwjg wek¦ GB
weavbwUi wei“‡× Ae¨³ bxie gvbwlK msMÖvg K‡i Avm‡Q|
Avj−vni A‡kl ingZ †h, e½ cxi I e½ exi, †k‡i
evsjv G. †K dRjyj nK `ytLRbK Ôg`b wgivmÕ AvBbwU
iwnZ K‡i evOvwj GwZg‡`i AwaKvi cybti“×vi K‡i
wPiw`‡bi Rb¨ gyw³ †`b| AvqvZwU †h cÖK…Zc‡¶B
ms‡hvwRZ ev m‡¼vwPZ Zvi mv¶x enb K‡i ¯^qs kwiqZ
ev †gŠjev`xmn mgMÖ gymwjg wek¦; KviY GKwU gvÎ e¨w³,
Av‡jg ev †`k nK mv‡n‡ei wei“‡× cÖwZev` bv K‡i eis
Avb›`wP‡Ë cÖKv‡k¨ ev AcÖKv‡k¨ ¯^vMZg Rvwb‡q‡Qb| Ggb
GKwU hyMvš—Kvix Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb Ck¦i P›`ª weبvi
mvM‡ii cÖ‡Póvq ivRv ivg †gvnb iv‡qi mZx`vn cÖ_v
wejyß K‡i|
23. †h Lvq, nv¸-wcwc K‡i Ges Nygvq; †h R‡b¥ I g‡i
Ggb gvbyl †Kvb hyw³‡ZB fy‡ji D‡×© bq; bqB bq,
†nvK bv †m bex-ivQyj, †`eZv-cqM¤^i| fyj bv
Ki‡j Rb¥-g„Zz¨ nq bv| Bnv m„wói ˆewkó¨ I mªóv
†_‡K cv_©K¨| gnvbex ¯^qs KLbI KLbI m‡›`ncÖeY
n‡Zb, nZvm n‡Zb m¤¢eZt f~jI Ki‡Zb; ZvB Avj−vn
Zuvi m‡›`n `~i Kivi Rb¨ kvš—bv w`‡q‡Qb, mZK©
K‡i‡Qb, †Zvev Kivi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb:
K. Avi wbðqB Zzwg wVK c‡_ AvQ| [43: hyLi“L-43]
L. Zzwg †Zvgvi ΓwUi Rb¨ ¶gv cÖv_©bv Ki--| [40:
gywbb-55]
M. hw` kqZvb †Zvgv‡K Kzgš¿Yv w`‡q cÖ‡ivwPZ K‡i Z‡e
Avj−vni ¯§iY wbI--| [41: nv wgg mvR`v-36; 7:
Avivd-200]
N. Avwg †Zvgv‡K AwePwjZ bv ivL‡j Zzwg Dnv‡`i w`‡K

cÖvq wKQyUv Sz‡K c‡owQ‡j| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-74]
O. Ávb cÖvwßi ci Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj-Lywki AbymiY
Ki Z‡e Avj−vni wei“‡× †Zvgvi †Kvb AwffveK I
mvnvh¨Kvix cv‡e bv| [2:evKviv-120]
P. -- Zzwg Avj−vni mwnZ Aci †Kvb Bjvn& w¯’i Ki bv,
Ki‡j Zzwg wbw›`Z I weZvwoZ n‡q †`vh‡L wbw¶ß
n‡e|[ 17:ewb-BmªvBj-39]
gnvbexi esk wbeskKvix Avgv‡`i c~e© cyi“l
DgvBqv,AveŸvmxq ‡gvmjgvbMY †Kvivb wb‡q wbtm‡›`‡n
N„b¨ ivR‰bwZK wQwb-wgwb K‡i‡Qb| Avcb ÁvwZ-‡Mvwôi
g‡a¨ †h GZ i³viw³ K‡i‡Qb Zv ‡e`-MxZv, †Zvivn,
Mm‡cj hy‡Mi †P‡qI N„bxZ wQj| bZzev Ljxdv ebvg
Ljxdv, †gvmjgvb ebvg †gvmjgv‡bi i‡³i ûwj †Ljvq
mgMÖ Avief~wg iwÄZ n‡e †Kb! m`¨ RjR¨š— †KvivbxK,
†e‡nw¯— Pwi‡Îi (?) ‡gvm‡jg‡`i GZ AatcZb n‡Z
cvi‡j Pvgovq ev KvM‡R †jLv GKwU MÖ‡š’i PwiÎ e`j bv
n‡jI (!) GgbwK cy‡ivcywi D‡ë †`qv Av‡iv mnR Ges Zv
Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvRbI wQj| GRb¨B Zv‡`i iPbv Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q
ïay `yÕb¤^ixB bq [nvw`m]! AZtci `y‡qi wcQ‡b wZb
[‡dKnv], Zvi wcQ‡b Pvi [GRgv], Bnvi wcQ‡b cvP
[†Kqvm] Ges Dnvi wcQ‡b Qq b¤^i [d‡Zvqv]; hw`I †Kvivb
†Nvlbv K‡i,ÔAvj−vni AvqvZ Qvov Ab¨ Kv‡iv nvw`m
AbymiY Kiv wbwl×; [`ª: 45:evB‡qbv-6;77: gyiQvjvZ50|]
eZ©gvb †Kvivb ms‡hvwRZ wK ms‡KvwPZ Zv m‡›`nvZxZ
cÖgv‡bi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRb GKRb bex-ivQy‡ji| AZx‡Zi
mKj Hkx MÖš’B Abyiƒc i`-e`j, m‡›`n I weZwK©Z
n‡q‡Q Ges Zvi mwVK gxgvskvi Rb¨ †kl ch©š— GKRb
bexi AvMgY n‡q‡Q| A_©vr mKj bexMYB Zvi c~e©ewZ©
bexi mZ¨Zvi mv¶x w`‡q GKB MÖÜLvwbi ms¯‹iY, msi¶Y
K‡i‡Qb gvÎ| †gvnv¤§`I (mv) ZvBB K‡i‡Qb| A_©vr
AZxZ mKj MÖ‡š’i mZ¨Zvi mv¶x wQ‡jb ci¤úivq
bexMY; AZGe †Kviv‡bi Rb¨I Ggb GKRb mv¶xi
cÖ‡qvRb A‡hŠw³K bq|
A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib †h, Zzi‡¯‹i †ZvcZvcx wgDwRqv‡g

216

iw¶Z Imgv‡bi msKwjZ †KvivbB mv¶x wnmv‡e h‡_ó!
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, ZzwK©MY GgbwK gymwjg wek¦ GB cix¶vq
AvMÖnkxj bv n‡jI e¨emvqx wLª÷vb Rbve gwim eyKvBwj
GB cix¶vwU K‡i †Kviv‡bi wbLuyZ mZ¨Zvi mv¶x w`‡”Qb|
AZtci (m¤¢eZt) Wt ivkv` Ljxdv m¤cÖwZ cix¶v K‡i
`yÕwU AvqvZ bKj e‡j †Nvlbv w`‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ ¶z`ª wKsev
e„nr †nvK cÖPwjZ `yB ai‡Yi †jLv I D”PviY msewjZ
†Kviv‡bi [ `ª: bvwd I nvd&mv / Rbve BDmyd Avjx ebvg
Ab¨vb¨] †Kvb&Lvwbi mZ¨Zvi mv¶x w`‡jb Zv †KnB D‡j−L
K‡ib wb|
ZvÕQvov me‡P‡q ¸i“Zi welq c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h,
mvZ msKj‡bi cuvPwU msKjbB Imgv‡bi (iv) ‡Kvivb
†evW© hLb cÖKv‡k¨ R¡vwj‡q †`b, ZLb D”Pvwfjvmx, `ya©l©
gyqvweqv, Avgi Gebyj Avm I N‡ii kΓ wefxlY Ni RvgvB
gviIqvb web nvKvg ¯^kwi‡i †R›`vB wQ‡jb| GLv‡bB †kl
bq, H †evW© Avjxi (iv) ¯^n‡¯— wjwLZ †Kvivb kZ
Aby‡iva m‡Z¡I cÖkœ‡evaK Kvi‡Y mivmwi cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡ib;
Kw_Z nq hv Awn bvwR‡ji avivevwnK µwgKKvj Abyhvqx
†jLv wQj|
B`vwbs KgwcDUv‡ii †`vnvB w`‡q †Kviv‡bi wbfy©jZv
cÖgv‡Yi Awfbe I Ac-cÖPvi ïi“ n‡q‡Q; hvi D‡Øv³v W:
ivkv` Ljxdv, whwb wbR‡K ivQyj `vex K‡iwQ‡jb| Zvi
we‡ePbv Kiv DwPr †h:
1. wgivK&j Ô19Õ msL¨v w`‡q cÖ‡Z¨KwU myiv, Dnvi
AvqvZ msL¨vmn m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb µgvš^q Ges †gvU
AvqvZ msL¨v wefvR¨ e‡jB Zvi wbf~©jZv ¯^cÖgvb
bvÕI nÕ‡Z cv‡i| KviY A¶i ev e‡Y©i msL¨v wVK
†i‡LI GgbwK wecwiZ A_©‡evaK AvqvZ bv
XyKv‡jI XyKv‡bv m¤¢e e‡U!
2. Qyiv ZIevi †kl `yÕwU Avqv‡Zi Kvi‡Y Ô19Õ Øviv
wefvR¨ bv nIqv‡Z Zv cÖw¶ß e‡j ‡NvwlZ n‡q‡Q;
ZvB mgvavb ¯^iƒc H `yÕwU AvqvZ cwiZ¨vM
K‡i‡Qb; hw`I AvqvZ؇qi A_© AvcwËKi ev
†Kvb cÖKv‡ii ûgwK ¯^iƒc bq| wKš‘ AvqvZ `yÕwU

cwiZ¨vM bv K‡i eis AviI 17wU AvqvZ A_ev
19 msL¨vq wefvR¨ nq Ggb kZ kZ AvqvZ †hvM
ev we‡qvM Ki‡jI wgivK&j Ô19Õ msL¨vi Aw¯—Z¡
eRvq ivLv m¤¢e e‡U!
ZeyI Wt ivkv` Ljxdvi wbt¯^v_© hyMvš—Kvix M‡elYv
cÖksmvi `vex iv‡L! wKš‘ cÖavbZt Ô19Õ msL¨vq Zvi
wb‡Ri bvgwUI wefvR¨ nq e‡jB wb‡R‡K ivQyj `vwe
Kivi †Kvb hyw³ †bB, KviY:
1. ev½vjx, Bûw`, †cŠËwjK‡`i Ggb eû bvg Ô19Õ
msL¨vq wefvR¨ nÕ‡Z cv‡i| H msL¨vq wefvR¨
Zuvi wbw`©ó Rb¥ Zvwi‡L wZwb GKvB Rb¥ †bbwb|
2. ¯^ `vexK…Z Avj−vni Aby‡gv`bµ‡g ‡Kviv‡bi wewfbœ
fvlvq Abyev` cÖPwjZ Abyev‡`i Zzjbvq Lye GKUv
cv_©K¨ Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
3. ev¯—weKB wZwb Avj−vni Aby‡gv`b †c‡j cÖavbZt
c`¨ †Kviv‡bi Abyev` c`¨vKv‡iB Kivi †hvM¨Zv
_vK‡Zv|
4. wZwb Awn †c‡q ivQyj n‡q‡Qb ev †Kvivb
Abyev‡`i AbygwZ †c‡q‡Qb e‡j hyw³ cÖgvb
mnKv‡i †Kvb `vex DÌvcb Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb|
Zvi M‡elYv Zzjbvq g~j¨evb n‡jI cÖvq 2 wewjqb
wkqv, Qybœx, Kvw`qvbx cÖf„wZi Dci †gv‡UB cÖfve c‡owb ev
kwiqwZ we‡k¦i ms¯‹vi nqwb; GKgvÎ nvw`m mµvš— g~j¨evb
M‡elYv Qvov| KviY Zviv Ô19Õ msL¨vi †f` QvovB 14 kZ
ermi hveZ cÖavbZt †Kviv‡bi Dci †Kvb m‡›`n K‡iwb;
Z‡e Agymwjg‡`i wek¦v‡mi Dci hw` wKQyUv cÖfve †dj‡Z
m¶g nb Z‡eB n‡e Zvi M‡elYvi ¯^v_©KZv|
KgwcDUvi GKwU †gwkb Ii g~j gw¯—®‹ md&UIqv‡ii gva¨‡g
XzKv‡bv ÔBbm&UªvKKkb,Õ hv Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K Ges kwiq‡Zi
fvlvq Kv‡di-†gviZv` Z_v gvbyl KZ…©K Avwe®‹…Z I
wbqwš¿Z| Avw`Kvj †_‡K kwiqZ gvBK, K‡jiMvb,
†iwWI, †Uwjwfkbmn Avj−vni †bqvgZ weÁv‡bi hveZxq
Ae`vb †k‡iKx, Kzdix ev †e`vZ e‡j we‡ePbv K‡i

217

_v‡Kb, weÁvbx‡`i [cÖK…Z cxi-Avj−vgv] bvw¯—K Kv‡di
e‡j MY¨ K‡ib, c¶vš—‡i KgwcDUvi‡K G¶‡Y bex-ivQyj
ev Avj−vn Ávb Kiv kwiqwZ Cgvb-AvwK`vi Dci
wb‡RivB c`vNvr K‡i‡Qb; ïay ZvB bq eis cyZzj †Ljvi
[†cŠËwjK] w`‡K Sy‡K c‡o‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq| Aci w`‡K
Wt ivkv` Ljxdv‡K GB †gŠjev`xMYB cÖKv‡k¨ gmwR‡`
hvIqvi c‡_ nZ¨v K‡i‡Qb| Z‡`i g‡Z KgwcDUvi
†Kviv‡b wbf©yjZvi mv¶x w`‡jI KgwcDUv‡ii Rb¥`vZv
†Kvivb m¤^‡Ü wK mv¶x †`b Zv Zv‡`i Rvbv Av‡Q wKbv!
nvB‡Wªv‡Rb-Aw·‡Rb wPiš—Y, Dnv wgkv‡j cvwb nq ZvI
wPiš—Y wKš‘ myÎwU †h KvM‡R †jLv Dnv nvB‡Wªv‡RbAw·‡Rb bq, wPiš—YI bq, myZivs KvM‡Ri cweÎAcweÎZvi cÖkœI Aevš—i Ges Zv msi¶Y Kivi AwfcÖvq
Avj−vni †bB, m¤¢eI bq Ges BnvB wPiš—b|
cwi‡k‡l GUvB ej‡Z nq †h, hvB NUzK ev hvB iUzK,
AZxZ Hkx MÖ‡š’i Zzjbvq GB †KvivbMÖš’ wbLuyZ †kªô‡Z¡i
`vex iv‡L, Zv byZb K‡i ejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv| Z‡e †m
†hB-B †nvK, gbyl¨ Kg© m‡›`n ev weZ‡K©i D‡a© bq; gvbyl
KZ©„K msKwjZ GKwU MÖš’ wbfy©j n‡Z cv‡i bv; n‡jI Zv
mvgwqK, wPiš—b bq| Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b,Ace¨env‡i
ms‡KvPb-ms‡hvRb ev we‡qvRb m¤¢e Ges ¯^vfvweK; GUvB
¯^Ztwm×|
GKgvÎ †KvivbB bq! Avj−vn b¨vq-Ab¨vq, mZ¨-wg_¨v
BZ¨vw` hveZxq wKQyiB mgvb msi¶K, wnmve i¶K;
†Kvivbmn AZx‡Zi mKj MÖš’B wZwb msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb
e‡jB AZx‡Zi nvRvi nvRvi ermi c~‡e©i BwZnvm
bex‡`i gva¨‡g cybt cybt cÖKvk K‡i Pj‡Qb; weÁv‡bi
be be Avwe®‹vi Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q; hv †Kvb nv‡dR-K¡vix ev
MÖš’ msi¶Y K‡i wb| †Kvb bexB †Kvb cÖKvwkZ MÖš’ ev
nv‡d‡Ri AbymiY K‡ib wb ev wZj cwigvY gyLv‡c¶xI
wQ‡jb bv Ges ¯^qs Avj−vn KMR Kjg ev nv‡dR-K¡vixi
g~Lv‡cLx bb|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †Kviv‡bi AviI wKQy wem„Z n‡jI nZvm
nIqvi KviY †bB| KviY †Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU Qyivi g‡a¨
Ggb wKQy AvqvZ ev myÎ Av‡Q hv AbeiZ a¨vb, mvabv I

M‡elYv Ki‡j e¨w³ ev mgv‡Ri mg~n Kj¨v‡Yi wb¶zZ iƒc‡iLv D×vi Kiv m¤¢e; Aek¨ hw` †Kvivb w`‡q †Kvivb
eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i Ges GUvB †Kviv‡bi †kªóZg †gv‡RRv|
myZivs †R‡b-ï‡b mZ¨ †MvcY ivLv AZ¨š— Mwn©Z Ges
¸i“Zi Aciva| †h‡nZz †KvivbB †Nvlbv K‡i:
‡Zvgiv mZ¨‡K wg_¨vi mv‡_ wgwkªZ KwiI bv Ges †R‡bï‡b mZ¨ †Mvcb KwiI bv| [`ª: 2:evKviv-42]

*

69 †gŠjex-gvIjvbv
Aviex ÔgvIjvbvÕ kã bq eis GKwU c~Y© evK¨; ÔgvIjvÕ
Ges ÔbvÕ| ÔgvIjvÕ A_©: cÖfz ev Avj−vn; ÔbvÕ A_©: Avgiv
ev Avgv‡`i| GB evK¨wU †Kviv‡b eûevi e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q
Ges GKgvÎ ÔAvj−vnÕ A‡_©B e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, †`Lyb:
1. Avš—v gvIjvbv dvbQyibv Avjvj KvI‡gj Kv‡dixb|
[2:evKviv-286]| A_©: ZzwgB Avgv‡`i GKgvÎ cÖfy
[gvIjv] myZivs Avnv¤§K, ee©i, g~L©‡`i| [Kv‡di‡`i]
c‡_ Avb‡Z Avgv‡`i mvnvh¨ Ki|
2. ev‡jj−vû gvIjvK¡zg A ûA LvBi“bœv‡Qixb| [3:Ggivb150]| A_©: Avj−vn&B †Zv †Zvgv‡`i cÖfy [gvIjv] Ges
wZwbB †kªô mvnvh¨Kvix|
3. Qy¤§v iƒÏy Bjvj−v‡n gvIjv K¡zgyj nv‡K¡| [6:Avb&ÕAvg62] A_©: AZtci Zviv Zv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] Avj−vn&i
g‡a¨B [w`‡KB] Nwbf‚Z [cÖZ¨vwYZ] nq|
4. A Bb ZvIqvj−vI dvAvjvgy Avbœvj−vnv gvIjvK¡zg,
†bqvgvjgvIjv A †bqvgvbœvwQi“| [8: Avbdvj-40]|
A_©: hw` Zviv wd‡i hvq Z‡e †R‡b ivL †h, Avj−vn&B
†Zvgv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] KZ DËg gvIjv [cÖfz] Ges KZ
DËg mvnvh¨Kvix!
5. ûA gvIjvbv| [9: ZvIev-51] A_©: wZwbB Avgv‡`i
gvIjv [cÖfz]|

218

6. ûA gvIjvK¡zg, dv‡bqvgvjgvIjv A †bqvgvbœvwQi|
[22:nv¾-78] A_©: wZwbB †Zvgv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] KZ
DËg gvIjv Ges mvnvh¨Kvix wZwb|
7. Aj−vû gvIjvK¡zg| [66:Zvn&ixg-2] A_©: wZwbB
†Zvgv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz]|
8. RvwjKv †eAvbœvj−vnv gvIjvj−vRxbv Avgvby A Avbœvj
Kv‡dixbv jv gvIjv jvûg| [47: gynv¤§v`-11] A_©:
Bnv GRb¨ †h, Avj−vn& f³‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] Ges
Kv‡di‡`i [ag©vÜ, g~L©‡`i] †Kvb gvIjv [cÖfz] †bB|
[†Kvb †¶‡Î ÔgvIjvÕi e½vbyev` ÔAwffveKÕ Kiv
n‡q‡Q, gyjZ ÔAwjÕ ev ÔAwKjÕ A_© AwffveK, ZvI
†Kviv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q e‡U]|
Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ ÔgvIjvÕ Qvov ÔgvIjvbvÕ ev Ô†gŠjexÕ
ej‡Z †Kvb kã †bB| msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡l ewY©Z
Av‡Q †h, ÔgvIjvexqvÕ, Ô†gIjvweÕq¨v:Õ, ÔgvIjvexÕ,
Ô†gIjvexÕ BZ¨vw` ZzK©x kã¸wj cÖK…Zc‡¶ Aviex ÔgvIjv
bvÕ A_©: ÔAvgv‡`i cÖfzÕ ev‡K¨iB iƒcvš—i| GwU GKwU ZzK©x
gv‡idvZx `i‡ek `‡jiI bvg, hviv bvPb-Kz`©b K‡i Ny‡i
Ny‡i †eovZ| [ `ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; c„: 126,
127;2q LÛ]|
Dwj−wLZ †Kvivb I wek¦‡Kv‡li eY©bvq G¶‡Y ÔgvIjv
bvÕ evK¨wUi A_© ÔAvgiv ev Avgv‡`i cÖfz ev Avj−vn
[†gŠjex Dnvi GKePb A_©vr Avwg ev Avgvi Avj−vn] Zv‡Z
m‡›`n Kivi †Kvb †nZz Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| Dciš‘
wek¦‡Kv‡li Avi GKwU eY©bv j¶¨Yxq e‡U: Ò--cÖvqk
Avj−vn‡K Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ ejv nq ÔgvIjv bvÕ, Avgv‡`i
cÖfz| wVK GB Kvi‡YB nvw`‡m µxZ`vm Zvnvi gwbe‡K
ÔgvIjvÕ ewjqv m‡¤^vab Kwi‡Z wb‡la Kiv nBqv‡Q|Ó
(eyLvix, wRnv`, eve 165; gymwjg, Avj&dvR; nv`xmÕ
15,16) [myÎ: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 2q LÛ;c„:126]
AvkvKwi Gev‡i ÔgvIjvbvÕ A_© †h Avjer ÔAvgv‡`i cÖfzÕ

Zv‡Z wZj cwigvY wØgZ& †cvlY Kivi hyw³ I kw³ Avi
Kv‡iv †bB| G¶‡Y, ÔgvIjvbv †KivgZ Avjx QvBw`Õ A_©
Avgv‡`i cÖfz ev Avj−vn †KivgZ Avjx QvBw`!! cÖKvk
_v‡K †h ÔQvBw`Õ kãwUI cÖfz ev Avj−vn mgv_©ÁvcK kã
[†`Lyb: H, c„:126]|
cÖavbZ Bivb, cvwK¯’vb, AvdMvwb¯’vb, fviZ Qvov G
†LZve †KD aviY K‡i bv Z‡e evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvq N‡i N‡i
ÔgvIjvbvÕi Avwef©ve Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q| Avie‡`k¸wj‡Z
evK¨wUi e¨envi †k‡iKx g‡b K‡i weavq Aviex †LZvewU
Avie‡`‡ki gvby‡li bv‡gi Av‡M e¨envi †`Lv hvq bv ev
K‡iB bv| mgMÖ Avie‡`‡k GKRb gvIjvbvI †bB!
evsjv‡`‡k Bmjvgx ev gv`ªvmv wk¶v †ev‡W© Avjxg,
Kvwgj, dvwRj, gydwZ, nv‡dR, K¡vix BZ¨vw` †LZve Qvov
Ggb †Kvb KvwiKzjvg ev †Kvm© †bB hv cvk Ki‡j D³ †Nvi
†k‡iKx †LZvewU cÖ`vb ev MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡ib, GgbwK
we‡k¦i Ggb †Kvb ms¯’v †bB| GB †k‡iKx †LZvewU †K
†`q! Kviv †`q! Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY †Kv_vq cvb!
e¨enviKvixMY Bnvi m`yËi w`‡Z m¶g wK bv!
A‡b‡Ki aviYv †h, gvIjvbvi A_© eÜzI nq| n‡Z
cv‡i! wKš‘ †Kviv‡b eÜz wnmv‡e †Kv_vI e¨eüZ nq wb|
ZvQvov cÖPwjZ ÔgvIjvbvMYÕ mvavi‡Yi mv‡_ wK eÜz
wnmv‡e Pjv-†div, K_v-evZ©v ev IVv-emv K‡ib!
mvaviY‡K eÜz A‡_© gvIjvbv e‡j g‡bi fz‡jI m‡¤^vab
K‡i _v‡Kb! RbmvaviY wK eÜz wnmv‡e ÔgvIjvbvÕ e‡j
m‡¤^vab K‡ib! bv wb‡Riv ¯^-‡NvwlZ †LZvewU aviY K‡i
cÖfzZ AnsKvi aviY K‡i _v‡Kb e‡jB Mv‡Qi cÖ_g djwU,
gyiwMi cÖ_g wWgwU, cyKz‡ii eo gvQwU, QvMj-Mi“i
gv_vwU, cÖ_g †eZ‡bi wmsnfvMwU, N‡i-evwn‡i m‡e©v”P
AvmbwU MÖnY K‡i Zv‡`i ¸Yv gv‡di mycvwik Avi †e‡n‡¯—
i kvdvqvZ K‡i bM` bM` A_© MÖnY K‡i _v‡Kb! Z`ycwi
†`LvgvÎ Qvjvg bv w`‡j †eqv`c, †e-Øxb e‡j Awfkvc

219

w`‡q _v‡Kb| cxi †Kejv, evevRv‡bi Rb¨ LvU-cvjs,
Mw` cvZv †Pqvi wbw`©ó K‡i ivL‡Z nq, `k©bgvÎ †mR`v
w`‡Z nq, evevRvb‡K †Lvm Kivi Rb¨ ΓwUnxb D`vi
†mevi Rb¨ Avcb ¯¿x-Kb¨v‡`i wb‡qvwRZ Ki‡Z nq!
AZGe †LZvewU eÜz wnmv‡e cÖgvY Kivi †Kvb duvK‡duvKo †bB e‡jB g‡b nq| Zv¾‡ei welq 99 kZvsk
Kw_Z Av‡jgMY evc-`v`v cÖ`Ë bvgwUi m‡½ Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ
kãwU wejywß K‡i Z`¯’‡j Kzdzix I †k‡iKx ÔgvIjvbvÕ
†LZvewU ewm‡q †`b| A_©vr Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU Avi
cQ›` nq bv, AvÍZ…wßI nq bv, AZGe GLb gvby‡li cÖfz
ÔgvIjvbvÕ nIqv `iKvi ZvB ¯^-Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq Ges ¯^qs
†NvwlZ ÔgvIjvbv, †gŠjexÕ †LZve Anin aviY K‡i
_v‡Kb! wK K‡i Ges †Kvb mvn‡m wek¦vm Ki‡ev †h,
Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY evK¨wUi A_© Rv‡bb bv!
A‡b‡Ki aviYv †h, †LZvewU m¤§vbmyPK| m¤§vbmyPK
e‡UB Ges Ggb ¯^-‡NvwlZ m¤§vb hv Avj−vni Avm‡b
ewm‡q †`q!
gnvbex ¯^qs gvIjvbv wQ‡jb bv; [hw`I kxqvMY nhiZ
Avjx‡K ÔgvIjvÕ †LZv‡e m‡¤^vab K‡ib] Zvi †Kvb Qvnvev
GgbwK LjxdvMYI H †LZve aviY Kivi mvnm cvb wb,
GgbwK Avi‡ei †jv‡KivI Zv GLbI aviY K‡i bv; AZGe
Avgvi gZ †cvkv`vix Av‡jg, †e-Av‡jgMY †Kvb mvn‡m!
Ges wK‡mi †jv‡f Ges wK‡mi Dci wfwË K‡i Avw`Kvj
†_‡K GB nvivgx †LZvewU aviY K‡i cÖfz n‡q Av‡Qb!
AZtci bv‡q‡e ivQyjI [ivQy‡ji mwPe ev †m‡µUvix] `vex
Ki‡Qb! †Kvb& `vexwU Zv‡`i mwVK Ges g~jZt Zviv †Kvb&
c‡_! Zv ¯^ -¯^ Ges mvwe©K ¯^v‡_©, †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z,
wbi‡c¶ Áv‡b ms‡kvab nIqv Ges ms‡kvab Kiv cÖwZwU
gvby‡li †kªô `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ e‡j g‡b Kiv G¶zwY Ri“ix|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †ckv`vix Av‡jg-cxi mgv‡R
hyw³ev`x, ZK©evMxk, QvBw`, wec−ex, nhiZ, ûRy‡i ‡Ke−v,

Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï`, cx‡i-Kv‡gj, †gv‡k©`, Avj−vgv,
MvDQyj AvRg, cx‡i AvRg, wek¦ Awj, wek¦ Bgvg, kvqL,
BgvgyØxb [a‡g©i †bZv] BZ¨vw` nvRvi iK‡gi ¯^ A_ev
cwievi †NvwlZ †LZve eûj cwigv‡Y cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| GB
†LZvex cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi g~j I cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ ag© evRv‡i
wbR‡K AvKl©Yxq cY¨ wnmv‡e DÌvcb Kiv| wKš‘ cÖK…Z
Av‡jgM‡Yi G‡Z j¾v cvIqvi K_v! AvB‡bi `„wó‡Z
†`vlYxqI e‡U!
Bnv me©Rb ¯^xK…Z †h, Avj−vn B”Qv Ki‡j mKj cvc
gvd Ki‡Z cv‡ib wKš‘ †k‡iKx cvc gvd K‡ib bv|
AZGe, Avgv‡`i c~e©-cyi“l evc-`v`vMY, cÖL¨vZ-weL¨vZ
Awj-Avj−vgv, hviv D³ †LZvewU wb‡q g„Zz¨ eiY K‡i‡Qb,
Zv‡`i wVKvbv †Kv_vq n‡Z cv‡i Zv RxweZ cÖfzMY
gvIjvbvMY(?) ¯^cœ ev G‡¯—Lviv QvovB †PvL †g‡j mbv³
Ki‡Z cv‡ib| AZGe, Zv‡`i DwPr mw¤§wjZfv‡e
cÖKv‡k¨-AcÖKv‡k¨ A_ev msm‡` ¯^ ¯^ ¯^v‡_© ZIev K‡i
†LZvewUi `vex Z¨vM Kiv| wKš‘ Ggb GKRb gvIjvbv
(cÖfz) cvIqv hv‡e wKbv m‡›`n! eis †jLK‡K Dëv Kv‡di,
†gviZv` e‡j ¯^-¯^ cÖfzZ¡ i¶vq KzU‡KŠk‡j AccÖPvi K‡i
`ywbqvi dvq`v nvwm‡j Zrci _vK‡eb e‡jB wek¦vm|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Ôgv_v byB‡q m¤§vb cÖ`k©b Ô†k‡iKxÕ
e‡j kwiqZ †e`vZx d‡Zvqv w`‡q GgbwK mvgvb¨ gv_v
†bvqv‡bv Ges cyi“l Wv³vi‡`i gwnjv jvk †cv÷ gU©g Kiv
kwiqZ we‡ivax e‡j msm‡` AvBb cvk n‡q‡Q|
Ôgv_v †bvqv‡Z cvi‡e bvÕ G K_v †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI
†bB| eis gvZv-wcZv ev m¤§vwbZ †jvK‡K mivmwi
†mR`v Kivi weavb ¯^qs †KvivbB Aby‡gv`b K‡i, †`Lyb:
A ivevAv AvevIqvB‡n Avjvj Avi‡k A Lvii“ jvû
my¾v`vb| [12:BDmyd-100] A_©: Ges BDmyd Zvi gvZvwcZv‡K D”Pvm‡b emv‡jv Ges Zviv mK‡j Zvi m¤§v‡b
wmR&`vq jywU‡q co‡jv|

220

GB wmR&`vi e¨vcv‡i Avj−vni †Kviv‡bi dzU‡bv‡U
Avj−vni wei“‡× gvbyl d‡Zvqv wj‡L‡Qb: m¤§vb cÖ`k©‡bi
Rb¨ GB wmR&`v c~e©ewZ© kixq‡Z ‰ea wQj| [`ª: †Kvivb,
BmjvgxK dvD‡Ûkb c„:377, dzU‡bvU bs-159]| AvqvZwU
†Kviv‡bi Ges Avj−vni Awn; Bnv gbQyL K‡i‡Q ev Ô†mR`v
Kiv nvivgÕ Ggb †Kvb cÖgvY mgMÖ †Kviv‡b †bB| †Kvivb
e‡j, ÔAvj−vni mybœv‡Z KLbI †Kvb i`-e`j nq bv|Õ
AZGe kwiqZ, Gg,wc, †gvdv‡”QiMY Rj-R¨vš— AvqvZwU
gbQyL ev cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i KzdzixZzj¨ Acivax n‡q m¤ú~Y©
†Kvivb wei“× d‡Zvqv cÖ`v‡bi a„óZv wZb kZ mvsm`
Av‡jg-†bZvmn cÖvq 14 †KvwU †gvmjgvb wK K‡i bxie
f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Qb! Gi wei“‡× †KD hw` P¨v‡jÄ K‡i
Z‡e Aek¨B kwiqZ c„ô cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z Avjer eva¨|
AZGe Ggb GKwU †gv¶g ÔBmyÕ Svby ivRbxwZwe`MY †Kb
jy‡d wb‡”Qb bv Zv ejv gykwKj|
Avj−vn gvby‡li gv_vq _v‡K bv, _v‡K ü`‡q (`ª: 8:
Avbdvj-24)| gv_v †bvqv‡bvi A_© ÔAvj−vnÕ ¯^xKvi K‡i
†bqv bq| Zvi g~j fvev_© webgª, webxZ Ges eva¨ _vKvi
fve cÖKvk Kiv, hv Dwj−wLZ dzU‡bv‡UI ¯^xKvi Kiv
n‡q‡Q| msm` m`m¨MY ¯úxKvi‡K Avj−vn wnmv‡e MY¨
K‡ib bv, GgbwK †Kvivb mgw_©Z †mR`v i“KzI K‡ib bv|
A_P GB mvaviY welqwU wb‡q gvÎ GKRb cÖfy [gvIjvbv]
¯úxKvimn 3 kZ m`m¨‡`i gy‡L Pzb-Kvwj †g‡L w`‡q‡Qb,
mivmwi †Kvivb‡K cÖKv‡k¨ msm‡` Acgvb Kiv n‡q‡Q|
A_P Ggb GKRb m`m¨I cÖwZev` Kivi hyw³ mvnm bv
cvIqvi KviY †evaMg¨ bq| c¶vš—‡i mviv gymwjg wek¦
gv_v DPz K‡iB wLª÷vb‡`i cv‡q †mR`vq jywU‡q c‡o‡Qb!
bv_yivg gnvÍv MvÜx‡K †mR`v K‡iB †Zv ¸wj K‡iwQj!
ZeyI Avkv fimvi K_v| G¶‡Y eBwUi welqe¯‘ Ges
Ô†gŠjexÕ ÔgvIjvbv,Õ BZ¨vw` †k‡iKx †LZve welqK cÖkœ
msm‡` DÌvcb Kivi †Rvi `vexi c_ myMg n‡q‡Q| j¶

cÖfz [gvIjvbv] Ges 3 kZ msm` m`‡m¨i g‡a¨ `yÕGKRbI
wK G e¨vcv‡i GwM‡q Avm‡eb e‡j g‡b nq?
*
70 †gvnv¤§` I Avn¤§`
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Aviex kã| Avgv‡`i aviYv Ônvg&`Õ †_‡K
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ k‡ãi DrcwË| nvg&` A_© cÖksmv, †gvnv¤§` A_©
cÖkswmZ| †hgb Cgvb A_© wek¦vm; Bnvi c~‡e© wgg hy³ K‡i
nq ÔgygxbÕ hvi A_© wek¦¯’ ev f³; ÔQvjvgÕ Gi c~‡e© wgg hy³
Ki‡j Ô‡gvm‡jgÕ nq BZ¨vw`| A_©vr cÖavbZt Aviex
¸YevPK k‡ãi c~‡e© ÔwggÕ hy³ Ki‡jB bvgevPK k‡ã
cwiYZ nq wKbv Rvbv †bB| Z‡e Aviex e¨Ki‡Yi GB
myÎwU mKj †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨ bvÕI nÕ†Z cv‡i| †hgb:
ÔbvwRjÕ Gi c~‡e© ÔwggÕ hy³ n‡j nq ÔgybwR&jÕ, A_P kã
`yÕwUi A_© AvKvk-cvZvj cv_©K¨| bvwRj A_© AeZxY©,
cÖ‡bvw`Z, Dc¯’vwcZ; c¶vš‘‡i gybwRj A_© Ni, Mš—e¨ ¯’j
ev j¶¨ ¯’j| AZGe Ônvg&`Õ †_‡K Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Gi DrcwË
n‡ZI cv‡i, bvÕI nÕ‡Z cv‡i|
†Kviv‡bi Z_v bvgv‡Ri me©cÖ_g Ges me©cÖavb †NvlYv:
Avj nvg‡`v jxj−vnx ivweŸj Avjvgxb [dv‡Znv-1] A_© :
mg¯— cÖksmv wek¦ PivP‡ii cÖf‚ Avj−vni| G‡nb ¯^xKv‡ivw³
Kivi c‡i,Ò Ônvg&`Õ †_‡K †gvnv¤§` Ges Dnvi A_©
cÖkswmZ, AZtci Avãyj−vni cyÎ [gnvbex] cÖkswmZ
[†gvnv¤§`]; G `yÕwU wek¦vm ci¯úi wecixZ e‡j g‡b nq|
GLv‡b Avi GKwU †gŠwjK welq D‡j−L¨ †h, Ômg¯— cÖksmvi
`vwe`vi hLb ¯^qs Avj−vn, gvbyl ev Ab¨ wKQy bq, ZLb
¯^fveZB ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z n‡e †h, mg¯— Kj‡¼i Askx`vi
Avwg ev Avgiv| mg¯— cÖksmv Avj−vni, GLv‡b Kv‡iv
Askx`vix‡Z¡i A_© Ávb Kiv cwi¯‹vi †k‡iKx e‡j m‡›`n
nq| c¶vš—‡i hveZxq Kj¼ Avgvi ev m„wói GB wek¦vm
Ávb aviY Kivi A_©I †k‡iKx e‡j g‡b nq| ÔKj¼ ev
cÖksmvi wKQy Ask mªóvi, evKx Ask m„wói ev †Kvb
e¨w³iÕ Ggb wek¦vmI †k‡iKx e‡j g‡b nq! AZGe, G¶‡Y
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ A_© cÖkswmZ Ges Zvi `vex`vi ev Aswk`vi

221

Avãyj−vni cy‡Îi [gnvbex] G‡nb ¯^ we‡ivax Ges ˆØZ
wek¦v‡mi my‡hvM-myweav Avi _v‡K e‡j g‡b nq bv|
AZGe H m¤^Üxq AvqvZ¸wji cybt M‡elYv I we‡ePbvi
`vex iv‡L!
cybðt e¨KiY g‡Z: Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †_‡K ÔAvn¤§`Õ [h_v_©]
k‡ãi DrcwË wKš‘ cÖPwjZ A‡_© Zvi A_© ÔcÖksmvKvixÕ!
Dwj−wLZ A‡_©I kã `yÕwU ci¯úi wecixZ| A_©vr
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ A_© cÖkswmZ ev cÖksmv cÖvcK; c¶vš—‡i
ÔAvn¤§`Õ A_© cÖksmvKvix ev cÖksmv †cÖiK, `vZv I
MÖnxZv| A_©vr mªóv I m„wói m¤úK©| mªóv cÖksmv cvq Avi
m„wó cÖksmv †`q| AZGe, G¶‡Y Avãyj−vi cy‡Îi [gnvbex]
R‡b¥i c‡i Zvi bvbv-`v`vMY, Zv‡`i gvZ…fvlv Aviex
Rvbv _vKv m‡Z¡I GB wecixZ A_©†evaK `yÕwU bvg GKB
e¨w³‡K wK K‡i cÖ`vb Ki‡jb! Avi wK K‡iB ev Zvi
Abymvix Z_v Aviex Rvbv m¤§vwbZ Av‡jg Avj−vgvMY
wek¦vm K‡ib I Kivb! fq cvw”Q, †Kv_vI fyj KiwQ wK
bv! Aviex e¨Ki‡Yi ÔAvjRvgDj gvKQyiÕ A_©vr Ôfs¸i
eûePbÕ GB Ab¨Zg myÎ g‡Z cÖavbZt GKePb k‡ãi c~‡e©
ÔAvwjdÕ hy³ K‡i eûePb Ki‡Z nq| †hgb: ÔbexÕ
GKePb, Avw¤^qv eûePb; ÔQvjvgÕ GKePb, ÔAvQjvgÕ
eûePb; ÔAjxÕ GKePb ÔAvDjxqv eûePb; ÔKvjvgÕ
GKePb, ÔAvK¬vgÕ eûePb BZ¨vw`| †m g‡Z Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ
GKePb, ÔAvn¤§`Õ Zvi eûePb nIqv wbZvš— ¯^vfvweK Ges
hyw³m½Z e‡U! mZ¨ wKbv Rvwb bv| AZGe Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ
k‡ãi A_© hw` nq ÔcÖkswmZÕ Z‡e Zvi eûeP‡b ÔAvn¤§`Õ
Gi A_© nIqv DwPr ÔcÖkswmZMYÕ; wKš‘ ÔcÖksmvKvix A_©
nIqvi hyw³ ev `wjj cÎ †Kv_vq ! aviYvwU fzjI n‡Z
cv‡i| kwiq‡Zi `„wó AvKl©Y KiwQ|
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU Kv‡iv e¨w³MZ ev Rb¥MZ bvg †h
bq ev wQj bv Zv Dwj−wLZ evK¨Øq cÖgvb cvIqv hvq|
Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ ivRv-ev`kv, ‡cÖwm‡W›U, †divDb BZ¨vw`i gZ
Avj−vn cÖ`Ë me©‡kªô †LZve gvÎ| ‡gvnv¤§` bv n‡q †KD
bex-ivQyj n‡Z cv‡i bv; mKj bex-ivQyjB gnvcyi“l ev
‡gvnv¤§`| GRb¨B †e`, MxZv, †Zvivn, Bwćj GgbwK
Av`‡gi BwZnv‡mI Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Gi AvMgY fwel¨r evbxi

Abymi‡Y Ges Dnvi mZ¨Zvq ci¤úivq G‡mwQ‡jb CQvgyQvmn Av‡iv AmsL¨; hviv mK‡jB †gvnv¤§` ev gnvcyi“l
wQ‡jb| Z‡e G K_v mZ¨ †h, Ô‡gvnv¤§`, bex, ivQyj
gvIjv, †Lv`v BZ¨vw` Rb¥MZ bvg n‡jI AvcwËi wKQy
†bB| Z‡e Dnvi avZzMZ A_© †LZve; Ô‡divDbÕ †LZvewU
AvRI kwiqZ wbwÏ©ó GKRb e¨w³i bvg wnmv‡e wek¦vm
Ki‡Qb| Avi †LZve A‡_©B j¶-‡KvwU †gvmjgvbMY
Zv‡`i bv‡gi c~‡e© Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ kãwU e¨envi K‡i _v‡Kb|
AZx‡Zi mKj gnvcyi“lB cieZ©x gnvcyi“‡li
(†gvnv¤§`) AvMg‡bi mymsev` w`‡q †M‡Qb, c`ex bv‡g,
Rb¥MZ bv‡g bq; Rb¥MZ bvg Zv‡`i Rvbvi K_vI bq|
Kw_Z nq †h, K…ò ev wn›`y mgw_©Z bexMY e‡j‡Qb,
ÔAvgvi c‡i †gvnv¤§` Avm‡ebÕ; Avm‡Qb †gvnv¤§` gyQv;
gyQv e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvgvi c‡i †gvnv¤§` Avm‡ebÕ; Avm‡Qb
†gvnv¤§` Cmv; Cmv e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvgvi c‡i Avn¤§`
Avm‡eb;Õ wKš‘ Avn¤§` Av‡mb wb! Avm‡Qb Ô†gvnv¤§`
†gv¯—dv ev †gvnv¤§` Avjvgxb| kwiq‡Zi wewfbœ eY©bv I
AvjvgZ g‡Z ÔAvn¤§`B †gvnv¤§` Ges †gvnv¤§`B Avn¤§`
e‡j ¯^xK…Z| wKš‘ Av`g †_‡K g~Qv ch©š— µgvš^q Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ
bvg ci¤úivq fwel¨r evYx Kivi ci nVvr CQv G‡m mg¯—
wek¦vm Dwë‡q ev cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡i ÔAvn¤§`Õ Gi fwel¨r evbx
Ki‡jb!
Avãyj−vni cy‡Îi g~j Ô†gv¯—dvÕ bvgwU‡K Avieevmx
KZ…©K cÖ`Ë¡ ÔAvjvgxbÕ bv‡g †X‡K wM‡qwQj (wbKU
AZx‡Zi ¯‹zj-K‡j‡Ri cvV¨ cy¯—‡K Ô†gvnv¤§` †gv¯—dvÕ
bvgwUi e¨envi †`Lv hvq|) AZGe ÔAvjvgxbÕ bvgwU
Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ bv‡g †X‡K †djv wewPÎ bq| CQvi
my‡Î Avjvgx‡bi gy‡L ÔAvn¤§`Õ kãwU †Kviv‡b D”PvwiZ
n‡q‡Q| AZGe ÔAvn¤§`Õ [†gvnv¤§`MY] m¤^‡Ü bZzb K‡i
M‡elYvi `iKvi|
Ávbx‡`i †f‡e †`Lv DwPr †h, Kw_Z g‡Z wke-K…ò
ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi c‡i †gvnv¤§` Avm‡ebÕ wKš‘ Kw_Z
†gvnv¤§` bv G‡m gyQv Avm‡jb †Kb? gyQv ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi
c‡i †gvnv¤§` Avm‡ebÕ wKš‘ †gvnv¤§` bv G‡m Cmv
Avm‡jb †Kb? Cmv ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi c‡i Avnv¤§`

222

Avm‡ebÕ AZtci ÔAvn¤§`Õ bv G‡m †gvnv¤§` Avm‡jb
†Kb! GgbwK Kw_K nq Av`g †_‡KB Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ Avmvi
fwel¨r evYx cÖPvwiZ n‡q Avm‡Q! wKš‘ Zvi c~‡e© AmsL¨
bex-ivQyj Avm‡eb, GK_v wKš‘ †KDB NyYv¶‡iI e‡jb
wb! A_P G‡mwQ‡jb ch©vqµ‡g b~n, Beªvnxg, ey×-A‡kvK,
¸i“ bvbK Ges Zv‡`i gZ Av‡iv A‡b‡K| hviv mK‡jB
(2:evKviv-129) cÖwZw¶Z, cÖwZkÖ“Z bex wnmv‡e ¯^xK…Z I
cÖwZwôZ|
g~jZt †h K_vwU ej‡Z †P‡qwQjvg, Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ A_©
gnvcyi“l, ÔAvn¤§`Õ A_© gnvcyi“lMY| AZGe †gvnv¤§`
Zv‡iK, A_©vr gnvcyi“l Zv‡iK! ej‡Z j¾v nq †h,
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU ¯¿x wj‡½I e¨eüZ nq, †hgb :
†gvmv¤§Z nvwmbv †eMg| Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Gi ¯¿x wj½
Ô†gvmv¤§ZÕ wK bv Zv Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY hyw³ cÖgvY
digvB‡Z cvi‡eb wK bv m‡›`n Av‡Q! |
Avgiv A‡b‡KB g‡b Kwi bv‡gi c~‡e© †gvnv¤§`
emv‡bvi D‡Ïk¨ gyn¤§‡`i [mv] Abymvix cÖgvY Kiv| hw`I
Zv Abygvb Qvov e¨envwiK cÖwµqvq cÖgvY K‡i bv| ZvQvov
G‡Z ¯^fveZB cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, †h mg¯— †gvmjgvb hviv
bv‡gi c~‡e© Avãyj [PvKi], Be‡b [cyÎ], Avey [evev] BZ¨vw`
†LZve A_ev †Kvb †LZve QvovB bvg iv‡Lb, Zviv wK
†gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) Abymvix bb! †gvnv¤§‡`i Abymvix cÖgv‡b
Ô‡gvm‡jg ev BmjvgÕ †LZve wK h‡_ó bq!!
kwiq‡Zi Avi GKwU cÖ_v j¶¨Yxq: fvlv Ges †`k‡f‡`
†gvmjgvb n‡jB bvg ivLv nq Aviex‡Z| A_© Rvbvi
`iKvi nq bv| ZvB bvg iv‡Lb : †gv: wLwÄi wgqv, A_©:
gyn¤§‡`i [mv:] Abymvix ev D¤§Z ïKi wgqv ev gnvcyi“l
kyKi wgqv; †g‡q‡`i bvg ivLv nq : Avw¤^qv, A_© bexMY;
kvwdqv, A_©: kvdvqvZKvix, mwLbv A_©: wØPvwibx BZ¨vw`|
AZGe †gvmjgvwbZ¡ cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ bv‡gi c~‡e©
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ emv‡bv ev Aviex bvgKiY Aevš—i Ges nvm¨Ki
hyw³ e‡jB g‡b nq! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, gnvbexi mgq
AveyeKi, Igi, Avjx, Imgvbmn [iv] j¶ j¶ †cŠËwjK
†gvm‡jg n‡qwQ‡jb wKš‘ ivQyj KLbIB Zv‡`i bvg
cwieZ©‡bi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb ev †KD cwieZ©b K‡i‡Qb

e‡j cÖgvb †bB| eis mK‡jB †gvm‡jg c~e© †cŠËwjK
bvgB envj †i‡L‡Qb| Avi Zviv †KDB bv‡gi c~‡e©
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU e¨envi Kivi a„óZv †`Lvb wb|
c¶vš—‡i kwiqZ eZ©gv‡b Ab¨ ag© †_‡K †h †KD
†gvm‡jg n‡jB Zvi bvgwU cwieZ©b K‡i Aviex bvg ivLv
diR n‡q `uvovq| Avi G‡Z AZxZ `wjj, wewfbœ
mb`c‡Î, Awdm Av`vj‡Z A‡nZzK AwZwi³ nqivwb
†cvnv‡Z nq| bv‡gi c~‡e© Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ hy³ Kivi weov¤^bv
we‡`‡k hviv Av‡Qb ZvivB we‡kl K‡i Abyfe K‡ib|
g~jZt Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU m„wói †kªô Ges Avj−vn
cÖ`Ë †LZve; GKgvÎ bex ivmyjMYB Zvi AwaKvix| c¶vš—
‡i GB gnvcweÎ †LZvewU bv‡gi c~‡e© aviY K‡i Avgvi gZ
eû †gvm‡jg AvwQ, hviv mgv‡R Ggb †Kvb wbK…ó, Mwn©Z,
AvcwËKi I AbBmjvwgK KvR †bB hv †_‡K wbR‡`i‡K
gy³ ivwL| G‡Z ag© Z_v gnvbexi Pig Aegvbbv I
Aeg~j¨vqY Kiv nq, cweÎ bv‡gi Pig Ace¨envi KiwQ
e‡jB g‡b nq! cÖK…Z Av‡jgMY G‡Z GKgZ †cvlY Ki‡eb
e‡j Avkv Kiv hvq|
AZGe †Kvb miKvi A_ev †e-miKvi; †m Bûw` †nvK
wKsev wLª÷vb-wn›`yB †nvK, GB gnvcweÎ †LZvewUi
cweÎZv i¶v‡_© A_ev †h †Kvb ARynv‡ZB †nvK, Zvi
mPivPi e¨envi, Ace¨envi wbwl× †NvlYv K‡ib, Zv‡Z
Av‡jg mgv‡Ri Aš—Z mg_©b mn‡hvwMZv Z_v †Lvm
Avg‡`` Rvbv‡bv DwPr e‡j g‡b Kwi; ïay ZvB bq eis
mw¤§wjZfv‡e gv‡V gq`v‡b, gmwR‡` gmwR‡` †kvKwiqv
bvgvR Av`vq Kiv DwPZ| c¶vš—‡i Ô†gvmjgvwbZ¡ ee©vr
n‡jvÕ e‡j Av‡jg mgvR eis Zvi we‡ivwaZvB Ki‡Qb!
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Gi Zzjbvq Ôe½eÜzÕ
†LZvewU AwZ bMY¨ n‡jI Zvi mg_©KMY †kL mv‡n‡ei
Abymvwi ev DËivwaKvix cÖgvbv‡_© gywRe †KvU aviY Ki‡jI
AvR ch©š— †KD H †LZvewU Ac-e¨envi Kivi hyw³-mvnm
cvqwb| GgbwK Zvi JimRvZ mš—vbMYI bq| c¶vš—
‡i,e¨w³ ev `jxq cÖ`Ë¡ ÔmvCw`Õ [cÖfy] †LZvewU Avcb mš—
vb, Avcb wewe GgbwK Zvi evev‡Zv fvB‡KI wPi¯’vqx
Askx`vi K‡i‡Qb| [`ª: ÔbvRv‡Zi c_;Õ cÖKvkbv:†eMg

223

mv‡jnv mvB`x] wg‡mm mvCw` n‡Z cvi‡j wg‡mm
gvIjvbv, [Avgiv/Avgv‡`i bvix cÖfy ev Avj−vn] wg‡mm
Bgvg, wg‡mm bex-ivQyj _vKvI m½Z wQj! G m¤^‡Ü
†gvdvw”QiMY ZIev K‡i ms‡kvwaZ n‡eb! bv †jLK‡K
Kv‡di, †gviZv` †NvlYv Ki‡eb! Zv ZvivB Rv‡bb| Z‡e
Revew`wn Kivi mgq mgvMZ|
***

civ‡_©

`kg Aa¨vq
71 bvgvR
Bqv AvBqy nvj−vRxbv-- ZvK¡zjyb| [4: wbQv-43] A_©: †n
f³MY! †Zvgiv gvZv‡ji gZ cÖv_©bvq †hI bv| hZ¶Y bv
eyS‡Z cvi hv †Zvgiv cÖv_©bvq ej‡Qv|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi mijv_© MÖnY bv K‡i eis Zvi
kv‡b-bRyj A_©vr Rb¥ BwZnvm iPbv K‡i eySv‡Z †Póv
K‡i‡Qb †h, GK`v Avjx [iv] g` †L‡q gvZvj Ae¯’vq
bvgvR co‡Z wM‡q AgyK Qyiv Ave„wZ Ki‡Z wM‡q AgyK Qyiv
Ave„wZ K‡iwQ‡jb| ZLb GB AvqvZ bvwRj nq; AZtci
g` nvivg nIqvi AvqvZ bvwRj nq| GLv‡bB AvqvZwU Rã
K‡i †i‡L‡Qb|
Avj−vni bex †QvU †ejv †_‡KB my›`i, gvwR©Z, my-

k„sLj, f`ª, bgª, Ges ewjô Av`k©evb wQ‡jb| g‡`i AvqvZ
bvwRj †nvK ev bv †nvK, wZwb KLbI g` †L‡q‡Qb, Ryqv
†L‡j‡Qb, evwjKv‡`i m‡½ dwó-bwó K‡i‡Qb, wg_¨v
e‡j‡Qb, Avgvb‡Zi †LqvbZ K‡i‡Qb; Ggb †Kvb BwZnvm
m¤¢eZ Agymwjg‡`iI Rvbv †bB| ZuviB Rxeb gi‡bi
eÜz, mnPi, Pig wek¦¯’, f³ Avjx Ggb wK gymwjg nIqvi
c‡iI g` †L‡q gvZvj n‡q bvgvR c‡owQ‡jb! AZtci
bvgv‡R AgyK Avqv‡Zi cwie‡Z© ZgyK AvqvZ Ave„wZ
K‡iwQ‡jb! cÖK…Z †gvm‡jg‡`i Ggb wek¦vm Ki‡Z Kó
nIqvi K_v|
KviY:
1. wZwb gvZvj n‡q D‡ëvwm‡a AvqvZ Ave„wZ KiwQ‡jb,
A_P Bgvg AveyeKi [iv] A_ev gynv¤§` [mv] ¯^qs
Avjx‡K [iv] agK w`‡q‡Qb wK mZK© K‡i‡Qb ev
gmwR` †_‡K †ei K‡i w`‡q‡Qb; Ggb †Kvb nvw`m
BgvgMY iPbv K‡ib wb|
2. kwiq‡Zi aviv g‡Z, Rvgv‡Zi bvgv‡R gymj−x‡`i
†ZjvIqvZ wbwl×, ZvB Zviv wKQyB e‡jb bv| AZGe
gymj−x n‡q Avjxi [iv] †ZjvIqvZ Kivi K_v bq|
c¶vš—‡i wZwb †ZjvIqv‡Zi Rb¨ Awfhy³ nb wb,
Awfhy³ n‡q‡Qb ÔAgyK Qyiv †ZjvIqvZ Ki‡Z wM‡q
ZgyK Qyyiv †ZjvIqvZ K‡i †d‡j‡Qb!Õ myZivs welqwU
fveevi welq e‡U!
3. ivQy‡ji RxweZve¯’vq Qyivi †Kvb bvgKiY nqwb Ges
wbw`©ó K‡i 114wU fvM KivI nqwb|
AZGe ÒAgyK Qyyiv ej‡Z wM‡q AgyK Qyyiv †ZjvIqvZ
K‡i‡QbÓ Dw³wU Av‡iv m‡›`nRbK e‡U!
4. kwiq‡Zi g‡Z bvgv‡R Qyiv dv‡Znvi c‡i †h †Kvb
Qyyivi †h †Kvb AvqvZ Ave„wZ Kivi weavb Av‡Q|
AZGe Avjx [iv] hw` Ggb wKQy K‡iB _v‡Kb Zv‡Z
Avj−vni AvcwË _vKvi †Kvb hyw³B †bB|
5. m‡e©vcwi Avjx [iv] g` LvK ev bvB LvK, Avi †h
Kvi‡YB AvqvZwU bvwRj †nvK bv †Kb, Zvi g~j I
†gŠwjK wb‡`©k n‡jv: bvgv‡R hv ejv n‡e, bvgv‡R
hvIqvi c~‡e©B Zv Rvb†Z n‡e, eyS‡Z n‡e †h, †m

224

bvgv‡R wK ej‡Q ev ej‡e| A_©vr kc_ bvgvwU c‡o,
†R‡b, ey‡S, ü`q½g K‡i, ¯^xKvi KiZt Ges Zv
ejer ivLvi Aw½Kv‡i, ¯^-Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq Ges my¯’
gw¯—‡®‹ ej‡Z n‡e| †bkv‡Lvi, gvZvj wK e‡j Avi wK
K‡i Zv wb‡RB Rv‡b bv; †bkv †K‡U †M‡j Zvi wKQyB
g‡bI _v‡K bv e‡jB †bkv‡Lv‡ii D`vniYwU †`qv
n‡q‡Q gvÎ| bvgv‡R Avj−vni Kv‡Q wK PvBjvg, wK
kc_ ev Aw½Kvi Kijvg! Zvi wKQyB Rvwb bv, eywS bv;
AZGe, Zv Kv‡qg Kivi †Kvb cÖkœB I‡V bv! Zv
†bkv‡Lv‡ii gZB †Zv e‡U!! Avi GLv‡bB †kl bq:
ÔbvgvRÕ cvikx© kã| Bs‡iwR‡Z †cÖqvi, Aviex‡Z
ÔQvjvZÕ Ges evsjvq cÖv_©bv, Dcvmbv ev c~Rv| Bmjvg
A_ev †h †Kvb a‡g©i D‡j−L‡hvM¨ Abyôvbvw`i g‡a¨ †kªôZg
welq ÔQvjvZÕ| Bs‡iRMY e‡jb,ÔWz †cÖqviÕ, wn›`yMY
e‡jb, ÔcyRv KwiÕ, Avi Avgiv ewj ÔbvgvR cwoÕ; hw`I
ÔGKiv”QvjvZÕ †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI †bB; Av‡Q
ÔAvwKgy”QvjvZÕ, hvi A_© cÖv_©bv cÖwZwôZ ivLv ev ejer
ivLv; A_©vr cÖv_©bvq hv PvIqv n‡e wVK †m Abyhvqx Kg© K‡i
cÖv_©bv ev¯—evqY Ki‡Z n‡e|
ag©xq welq cÖavbZt Aviex fvlvi e¨envi [†evaMg¨
n‡j], AMZ¨v Avcb fvlv| wKš‘ G `yÕwUi GKwUI e¨envi
bv K‡i my`yi cvikx fvlv e¨envi K‡i AvmwQ| d‡j
nvw`‡mi g‡Z Aviex nid cÖwZ `k¸Y †Qvqv‡ei eqv‡b
ÔQvjvZÕ Aviex‡Z A¶i 4wU × 10 = 40 †Qvqve; ˆ`wbK 5
evi D”PviY Ki‡j 5 × 40= 2 kZ †Qvqve; 30 w`‡b ×
2= 6000, 12 gv‡m × =72 nvRvi, 50 ermi Aby¨b Avqy
ai‡j †gvU 36 j¶, Av‡iv Aby¨b 15wU kã _vK‡j [†hgb:
†Lv`v, †e‡n¯—, †`vhL, †d‡i¯—v, gybvRvZ, Reve, †`vqv,
†gvmjgvb, †ivRv BZ¨vw`=5 †KvwU, 40 j¶ †Qvqve
†jvKmvb w`‡q g„Zz¨eiY KiwQ kwiq‡Zi Kvi‡YB| cÖKvk
_v‡K †h, †e‡n‡¯— †h‡Z KZ †Qvqve `iKvi Zv kwiqZ
ej‡Z cv‡i bv! Av‡jgM‡Yi mw¤§wjZ d‡ZvqvI †kvbv hvq
bv| Avie †`‡ki wiqvj¸wj GK GKwU †Qvqv‡ei bM`
cÖwZK…wZ e‡jB GZeo †jvKmvbUv Kw_Z BmjvwgK
`j¸wji †bZv‡`i †Pv‡L c‡o bv|

knx` wRqvDi ingv‡bi Avg‡j Rvgv‡Zi R‰bK †ivKb
[bvg g‡b †bB] wewUwfÕi ag©xq Abyôvb cwiPvjK, Zvi
AveŸvi wb‡`©‡k cvik©x kã Ô†Lv`viÕ cwie‡Z© ÔAvj−vnÕ
kãwU e¨envi Kivi Rb¨ †gvm‡jg RvwZi wbKU AvKzj
AvnŸvb Rvbvb| A_©vr Ô†Lv`v nv‡dRÕ evK¨wU D”PviY bv
K‡i eis ÔAvj−vn nv‡dRÕ evK¨wU D”PviY Ki‡Z n‡e| †mB
†_‡K my`~i we‡`‡kI G cwieZ©bwU mvb‡›` MÖnY K‡i‡Qb|
d‡j ¸Y‡Z, ïb‡Z Ges fve‡Z Avb›`B jv‡M †h, Aš—Z
mvgvb¨ n‡jI †Qvqv‡ei NvUwZ wKQyUv c~iY n‡q‡Q| f`ª
†jvKwUi AveŸv hw` Rvb‡Zb †h, bvgvR, †ivRv, gybvRvZ,
†d‡i¯—v, †e‡n¯—, †`vhL BZ¨vw` G ai‡Yi eû cvik©x,
wnw›`, D`y©, wneª“ kã ag©-K‡g© e¨eüZ n‡”Q Ges Avgv‡`i
Rxe‡b †KvwU †KvwU †Qvqve nvZ Qvov n‡”Q Z‡e Aek¨B
Zvi †ivKb †Q‡j‡K Gi wei“‡×I c~e©er wb‡`©k w`‡Zb|
eûj e¨eüZ wnw›`, dvimx, DÏ©y kã¸wji A_© Kv‡iv
Rvbv †bB, c¶vš—‡i Zvi Zdmxi, e¨vL¨vq fywi fywi †KZve
wjwLZ Av‡Q| k‡ãi A_© bv Rvb‡j Zvi e¨vL¨v Kiv hvq
bv; G aviYv ev wek¦vm GLbI A‡b‡Ki Rb¥vq wb| k‡ãi
A_© Rvbv bv _vK‡j Zvi Zdmxi, e¨vL¨v KvíwbK I
Abygvb †nZz GgbwK wn‡Z wecixZ nIqv AZ¨š— ¯^vfvweK
Ges Gi cwiYwZ †eqv`ex, Avnv¤§yKx, Kzdzix Z_v Rvnvbœvgx
Awbevh©|
†h †Kvb we‡`kx fvlv ev kã me©Rbxbfv‡e Rvbv†evSv _vK‡j nvRvi nvRvi we‡`kx kã AvmyK ev hvK,
Zv‡Z Kv‡iv AvcwË _vKvi K_v bq| wKš‘ Rvbv †bB, †evSv
†bB e‡jB †Zv ejwQ ÔbvgvR cwoÕ| gvbyl c‡o †kLvi
Rb¨, †kLv n‡q †M‡j covi Avi cÖ‡qvRb nq bv, cÖ‡qvRb
nq Kivi| ZvB GgbwK MÛ g~L©MYI e‡jb bv †h, cÖv_©bv
cwo, ARy-†Mvmj cwo, cvqLvbv-cÖmªve cwo, †ivRv cwo,
†gvbvRvZ cwo BZ¨vw`| AZGe e¨vKi‡Yi avivq †QvU
†nvK eo †nvK, fyj †h ejwQ Zv Ab¯^xKvh©| Avi GLv‡bB
†kl bq; cÖv_©bvi mv‡_ ‰`wb›`b KvR-K‡g©i wgj, mg_©b,
mn‡hvwMZv bv _vK‡j cÖv_©bv M„nxZ nIqvi we›`ygvÎ
wbðqZv _v‡K bv|
wePvi‡Ki Kv‡Q wKQy cÖv_©bv Ki‡j ev ¶gv PvB‡j

225

wePviK ¶gv Ki‡Z cv‡i e‡U, wKš‘ †m PvIqv cvIqvi ev
¶gv PvIqvi welqe¯‘¸wj wK wK Zv wVK wVK eY©bv Ki‡Z
n†e Ges wePviK KZ©„K Awc©Z kZ©¸wj wK wK ZvI
wek`fv‡e eyS‡Z n‡e| Z‡eB bv Dnv Kg© Rxe‡b i¶v K‡i
Pjv m¤¢e n‡e; AZtci cÖv_©bv c~iY nIqvi Avkv Kiv
†h‡Z cv‡i| c¶vš—‡i, Ôbvgv‡RÕ wK PvBjvg! wK Iqv`v
Kijvg! wK ejjvg! ü`‡qi PvIqv¸wj wVK wVK eY©bv
Ki‡Z cvijvg wK bv! †h AvqvZ¸wj †ZjvIqvZ Kijvg
Zv‡Z Avgvi Afve Awf‡hvM¸wj wjwLZ Av‡Q wK bv!
AZtci wK wK k‡Z©i Aax‡b Avgv‡K Pj‡Z n‡e, Zvi we›`y
wemM© ch©š— Rvbv †bB †evSv †bB| AZGe Zv cÖwZwôZ ivLv
ev ejer ivLv Kv‡iv c‡¶ m¤¢e nq bv| †m evi evi cÖv_©bv
Ki‡e, evi evi ¶gv PvB‡e, evievi Iqv`v Ki‡e Ges
evievi Zv A¯^xKvi Ki‡e, j•Nb Ki‡e, GUv wbZvš—
¯^vfvweK; KviY bvgvRxi e³e¨ m¤^‡Ü Zvi wb‡RiB †Kvb
aviYvB †bB| A_©vr †bkv †Lvi, gvZv‡ji gZB KvRwU
mgvav Kiv nq e‡jB bvgvR †k‡l, n¾ †k‡l c~e©er Ges
Z‡ZvwaK Ab¨vq, AwePvi cvc K‡iB _vwK| gymwjg we‡k¦i
AatcZ‡bi BnvB Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY! nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K
e×g~j aviYv †h, AZx‡Zi mKj cvc gy‡Q †M‡Q! Z`ycwi
n¾, †Kvievbx BZ¨vw` K‡i evKx meB gy‡Q hvq! AZGe
†m hZB bvgvR K‡i, g‡bi ARv‡š— ZZB cvc e„w× K‡i,
ZZB †m †gvbv‡d‡Ki `jf‚³ nq| G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi
ûwkqvix j¶¨Yxq:
1. Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby-- gybvwdKzb| [4:wbQv-137] A_©:
hviv Cgvb Av‡b AZtci Kzdzix K‡i, Avevi Cgvb
Av‡b Avevi Kzdzix K‡i; AZtci Zv‡`i Kzdzix Giƒc
evo‡ZB _v‡K| Avj−vn Zv‡`i wKQy‡ZB ¶gv Ki‡eb
bv, c_I †`Lv‡eb bv|
2. Aj−vRxbv BqvbKz`ybv-- LvwQi“b| [2:evKviv-27] A_©:
hviv Avj−vni m‡½ A½xKvi Kivi c‡i Dnv f½
K‡i, †h m¤úK© A¶zYœ ivL‡Z Av‡`k w`‡q‡Qb Zv f½
K‡i Ges `ywbqvi ey‡K Akvwš—, †Mvj‡hvM m„wó K‡i
†eovq, ZvivB ¶wZMÖ¯’ [†`v‡RvLx]|
bvgv‡R hv ejv nq Zv Avcb fvlvq ü`q w`‡q eyS‡Z

bv cvi‡j, ü`q wbsov‡bv †cÖiYv, Abyf‚wZ, AvMÖn, GKvMÖZv
I GKwbôZvi D`q nq bv| d‡j `uvovevi fve, fw½,
AvIqvR, myi, bgªZv I weMwjZ fveaviv ‰`wb›`b Rxe‡Y
aviY Kiv m¤¢e nq bv| PvIqv-cvIqv I ev¯—e Kg© Rxe‡bi
jvf †jvKmv‡bi †hvM we‡qvM ev g~j¨vqY I ms‡kvab
wKQyB m¤¢e nq bv| hvi cwiYwZ `uvovq wbæiƒc :
AvivBZvj−vRx--gvDb| [107: gvDb-1-7] A_©: Zzwg
wK Zv‡K †`‡L‡Qv, †h ag©‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡i? Ges
Afvex‡`i mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv K‡i bv! myZivs aŸsm n‡e
†mB mg¯— bvgvRxMY, hviv wb‡R‡`i bvgvR m¤ú‡K©
†e‡Lqvj I AÁ| Dnviv †jvK †`Lv‡bv bvgvR K‡i; Zviv
cvov cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv K‡i bv| G
Avqv‡Zi welqe¯‘ Rvbv, †evSv bv _vK‡j kZ©¸wj ev¯—
evqY Aev¯—e!
Rvqbvgv‡R `uvwo‡qB Avgv‡`i kc_, Bwbœ ARnvZz
ARwnnv jxj−vRx dvZvivQ QvgvIqv‡Z Aj Av`© nvwbdv Agv
Avbv wgbvj †gvk‡iKxb| [6: AvbAvg-79] A_©: Avwg
wbðqB GKwbôfv‡e Zvi w`‡K gyL wdivjvg, whwb `„k¨
A`„‡k¨i m„wóKZ©v Ges Avwg gykwiK‡`i `j f‚³ bB|
G kc_ bvgv eyS‡Z bv cvi‡j gvbv hvq bv, †Póv KivI
m¤¢e bq| wewfbœ Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Avj−vni wVKvbv Rvbv †evSv
bv _vK‡j wKfv‡e Avj−vni w`‡K gyL wdiv‡ev, Avi gyL
wdwi‡qwQ Zv wKfv‡e cÖgvY cv‡ev! cÖK…Zc‡¶, bvgv‡R
`uvov‡j ¯¿x, cyÎ, cwievi, PvKzix, ab‡`ŠjZ, bvix-Mvwo
BZ¨vw`i w`‡K gb wd‡i _v‡K| Avj−vni w`‡K i¾y n‡qwQ
kZevi ej‡jI †mw`‡K gb wd‡i bv| Avj−vn †Kv_vq
ZvB‡Zv Rvwb bv; AZGe †m w`‡K gyL wdivevi †Kvb cÖkœB
I‡V bv| Avj−vn †Kv_vq! Zvi wVKvbv wK! cwiPq wK!
wKfv‡e g~L wdiv‡bv hvq! Dnvi we¯—vwiZ weeiY †Kviv‡b
wek`fv‡e ewY©Z Av‡Q| Zv c‡o, †R‡b, ey‡S, M‡elYv
K‡i, cybt cybt AbykxjY K‡i, Zvi wbkvbv Avwe®‹vi K‡i
Zvi w`‡K ¯^”Q Avqbvi gZ GKwbó nIqv hvq; Avj−vn‡K
nvwRi bvwRi †R‡b Zvi w`‡K GKwbó n‡q mg~n bvgv‡Ri
D‡Ïk¨, j¶¨ ¯^v_©K K‡i AfvenxY I c~Z cweÎ [RvKvZ]
nIqv hvq, GKgvÎ Avcb Avcb fvlvq|

226

Qyiv dv‡Znvi Aci bvg QvjvZ| Qvjv‡Zi Rb¨B myivwU
mvwR‡q-¸wQ‡q Avj−vn AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb| Qvjv‡Zi cÖavb
ˆewkó¨ : K) ¯‘wZev` L) AvbyMZ¨ I M) `iLv¯—| Bnv‡Z
gvby‡li mviv Rxe‡bi PvIqv cvIqvi Av‡e`b wb‡e`b
wbwnZ Av‡Q| bvgv‡R D³ dv‡Znvi c‡i †h †Kvb myivi
Aby¨b †h‡Kvb 3wU AvqvZ †ZjvIqvr Kiv ‡Kviv‡bi weavb
bq †nZz hyw³nxb I wb®cÖ‡qvRb, eis Gi cwiYwZ fqven;
Aek¨ Ri“ix Ges ¯^Zš¿ wKQy PvIqv cvIqvi _vK‡j A_ev
wbR Avkv AvKvs¶v wb‡e`b Ki‡Z PvB‡j, Bnv †h mg¯—
Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Av‡Q wVK †mB mg¯— AvqvZ A_ev gb hv Pvq
Zv †R‡b ey‡S [A_©vr m½Z-Am½Z] wVK ZvB-B Avcb
fvlvq wb‡e`b Kiv GKvš— DwPr|
KwVYfv‡e ¯§iY ivLv DwPr †h, cÖv_©bvq †Kviv‡bi
AvqvZB †h co‡Z n‡e Ggb †Kvb wb‡`©k mgMÖ †Kviv‡b
†bB| Avcb cÖ‡qvRb Avcb fvlvq ü`q wbswo‡q mKj
†cÖiYv †X‡j w`‡q k¦vmi“× Nvg Siv KvKzwZ wgbwZ Kiv hvq,
GKwbô nIqv hvq| AvÍmgc©‡Yi GB‡Zv cÖavb c_|
ARvbv, Av‡Pbv fvlvq hv †gv‡UB m¤¢e bq| Avj−vn Aviex
fvlv Pvq bv eis Aviex fvlvq wjwLZ msweavb Avcb
fvlvq eySzK Ges wVK wVK cvjb Ki“K, Avj−vn BnvB Pvq|
c¶vš—‡i Avgiv bv †R‡b bv ey‡S †h mg¯— AvqvZ
†ZjvIqvr Kwi, Zvi wµqv-cÖwZwµqv KZ fqvj, Kzdzix Zv
wb‡æ j¶¨Yxq :
bvgv‡R ejwQ,ÒK¡zj! û Avj−vû Avnv`Ó| ej! Avj−vn
GKvKvi| we‡k¦i mKj BgvgMY ej‡Qb: ej! Avj−vn
GKvKvi| AZtci we‡k¦i mKj gymyj−xMYI H GKB my‡i
ej‡Qb: Ôej! Avj−vn GKvKvi!Õ Avwg ¯^xKvi KiwQ †h,
ÔAvj−vn GKK/GKvKviÕ Ggb ¯^xKv‡ivw³g~jK †NvlYv we‡k¦i
GKRb gymj−xI K‡ib bv! GRjv‡m wePviK ej‡Qb,
Ò¯^xKvi Ki! Avwg wePviKÓ| Avmvgx m‡½ m‡½ ej‡Qb,
Ô¯^xKvi Ki Avwg wePviKÕ! cÖkœ ev Av‡`‡ki DËi cvëv
cÖkœ ev Av‡`k, Pig g~L©Zv, a„óZv Z_v Pig †eqv`we
GgbwK Kzdzwi e‡U!
we‡k¦i mKj Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i AwfgZ †h, ÔK¡zjÕ
kãwU ev` w`‡q ïay Ôû Avj−vû Avnv`Õ ej‡j Avqv‡Zi wKQy

Ask ev` w`‡q ejv nq, Avqv‡Zi i`-e`j Kiv nq hv
Kzdzix Zzj¨ Aciva! cÖK…Zc‡¶ bvgv‡Ri D‡Ïk¨, j¶¨,
¯^iƒc I ˆewkó¨ Ges fvlvÁvb m¤^‡Ü cxi-Avj−vgv‡`i
†KvbB aviYv †bB e‡jB Zviv mvaviY Ávb ïb¨ Ges ¯^
we‡ivax gš—e¨wU K‡i _v‡Kb| dvimx ÔgybvRvZÕ A_©I
cÖv_©bv ev QvjvZ ev bvgv‡Ri Awe‡”Q`¨ Ask; wKš‘ cÖPwjZ
gybvRv‡Z ejv nq:
1. ÔAwgb ûg gvBqvK¡zjy! iveŸvbv Av‡Zbv wdÏywbqv-AvRvevbœviÕ [2:evKviv-201] Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi
ïi“‡Z kã bq eis c~Y© GKwU AvqvZ Av‡Q: ÔAwgb ûg
gvBqvK¡zjyÕ A_©: Ges Zv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv e‡jÕ G
AvqvZUzKz ev` w`‡qB iveŸvbv †_‡K ïi“ K‡ib †Kb!
2. Aj−vRxbv-- AvRvevbœvi| [3:Ggivb-16] AvqvZwUi
ïi“‡Z †jLv Av‡Q, ÔAj−vwRbv BqvK¡zjybvÕ A_©: ÔGes
hviv e‡jÕ G AvqvZUzKz Zviv ev` w`‡q cov nq †Kb!
3. K¡zj! Bbœv”QvjvwZ A byQyK¡x gvnBqvqv-- Avjvwgb| [6:
AvbAvg-162] AvqvZwUi ïi“‡Z Av‡Q ÔK¡zjÕ Zv ev`
†`qv nq †Kb!
4. K¡vjv! iveŸvbv hvjvgbv AvbdzQvbv-- Lv‡Qwib| [7:
Avivd-23] ïi“‡Z ÔK¡vjvÕ kãwU ev` w`‡q bvgv‡R
†ZjvqvZ Kiv nq †Kb!
5. A j−vwRbv BqvK¡zjybv! iveŸvbv nvejvbv-- Bgvgvb|
[25:dziKvb-74] wKš‘ ÔAj−vwRbv BqvK¡zjybvÕ ÔGes
hviv e‡jÕ evK¨wU †Kb ev` w`‡q †ZjvIqvZ Kiv nq!
bvgv‡R ¸i“Zi †k‡iKx e³e¨ cybt j¶¨Yxq:
1. Bbœv AvZvBbvKvj KvIQvi-- AveZvi| [108:
KvIQvi-1-3] A_©: wbðqB Avwg †Zvgv‡K cikgwb
[KvIQvi] `vb K‡iwQ| AZGe †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki
D‡Ï‡k¨ bvgvR Ki I Kzievbx Ki [Z¨vMev`x ev
†mevev`x nI]|
2. Bbœv- AviQvjbv-Kv wej nvw°-- R¡vnxg|
[2:evKviv-119] A_©: wbðqB AvwgB †Zvgv‡K mbvZb
ag©mn †cÖiY K‡iwQ, mymsev` `vZv I mZK©Kvix iƒ‡c|
Rvnvbœvgx‡`i welq †Zvgv‡K wKQy wRÁvmv Ki‡ev bv|
3. A jvb ZviØv-- A jv-bvwQi| [2:evKviv-120] A_©:

227

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Bûw` I wLª÷vbMY †Zvgvi cÖwZ KLbB mš‘ó n‡e bv,
hZ¶Y bv Zzwg Zv‡`i ag©v`k© AbymiY K‡iv| ej!
Avj−vni c_ wb‡`©kB cÖK…Z c_ wb‡`©k| Ávb cÖvwßi
c‡iI Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj Lykxi AbmyiY K‡iv
Z‡e Avj−vni wei“‡× †Zvgvi †Kvb mvnvh¨Kvix ev
AwffveK cv‡e bv|
Bqv ewb-Bmªv-CjvRKziƒ-- Avjvgxb| [2:evKviv122] A_©: †n ewb BmªvBjMY! Avgvi AbyMÖ‡ni K_v
¯§iY K‡iv! hØviv Avwg †Zvgv‡`i AbyM„nxZ K‡iwQ
Ges we‡k¦ mK‡ji Dc‡i †Zvgv‡`i †kªôZ¡Zv w`‡qwQ|
A jvBb AvZvBZvj−vRxbv-- Rv-wjgxb| [2:evKviv145] A_©: hv‡`i †KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q, Zzwg hw`
Zv‡`i wbKU mg¯— `wjj †ck Ki; ZeyI Zviv †Zvgvi
†Kejvi AbymiY Ki‡e bv| Ges ZzwgI Zv‡`i
†Kejvi Abymvwi bI| Ges Zviv ci¯ú‡ii †Kejvi
Abymvwi bq| †Zvgvi wbKU Ávb Avmvi ci Zzwg hw`
Zv‡`i †Lqvj Lywki AbymiY Ki Z‡e Aek¨B Zzwg
Rvwjg‡`i `jf‚³ n‡e|
AKvRvwjKv-- D¤§vj K¡ziv| [42:ïiv-7] A_©:
Gfv‡eB Avwg †Zvgvi cÖwZ Aviwe fvlvq †Kvivb
AeZxY© K‡iwQ; hv‡Z Zzwg gK¡v I Zvi Avk-cv‡k¦©i
†jvK‡`i mZK© Ki‡Z cvi|
Bbœv-AvÄvjbv-- LvQvgvD| [4: wbQv-105] A_©:
wbðqB Avwg †Zvgvi cÖwZ mZ¨ mbvZb wKZve bvwRj
K‡iwQ; hv‡Z †m Abymv‡i Zzwg gvby‡li g‡a¨ wePvi
gxgvsmv Ki Ges wek¦vm f½Kvix‡`i [†gvbv‡dK‡`i]
mg_©‡b ZK© KwiI bv|
BËvwe gv -- we AwKj| [6:AvbAvg-106, 107]
A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki Zid †_‡K †Zvgvi cÖwZ hv
Awn nq Zzwg ïay ZviB AbymiY Ki, wZwb e¨ZxZ Ab¨
†Kvb Avj−vn †bB; Ges Zzwg gykixK‡`i †_‡K gyL
wdwi‡q jI|-- Ges †Zvgv‡K Zv‡`i Dc‡i `v‡ivMv
wbhy³ Kwiwb Ges Zzwg Zv‡`i AwffveKI bI|
dv-QZvKxg-- evwQi“b| [11:û`-112] A_©: myZivs
Zzwg †hfv‡e Awn cÖvß n‡q‡Qv Zvi Dc‡iB AUj

10.

11.

12.
13.

14.

_v‡Kv Ges †Zvgvi mwnZ hviv Cgvb G‡b‡Q ZvivI
APj _vKzK| mveavb! mxgv j•Nb KwiI bv| †Zvgiv
hv Ki †m Zvi mg¨K `ªóv|
Qy¤§v AvInvBbv -- gyk‡iK¡xb| [16: bvnj-123] A_©:
GLb Avwg †Zvgvi cÖwZ Awn Kijvg ÔZzwg GKwbó
Beªvnx‡gi ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki Ges †m gykwiK‡`i
`‡ji b‡n|
AK¡vjy jvb&byÕwgbv-- ivmyjv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj90-93 ] A_©: Ges Dnviv e‡j, ÒKLbB Avgiv
†Zvgv‡Z Cgvb Avbe bv : hZ¶Y bv Zzwg Avgv‡`i
Rb¨ f‚wg †_‡K GK cÖmªeY DrmvwiZ Ki‡e; hZ¶Y bv
†Zvgvi Rb¨ GKwU Av½yi ev †LRy‡ii evMvb †`L‡Z
cv‡ev, hvi duv‡K duv‡K Zzwg ARmª avivq b`x-bvjv
cÖevwnZ Ki‡e; hZ¶Y bv Zzwg AvKvk‡K LÛ-weLÛ
K‡i Avgv‡`i Dci †dj‡e, Ges hZ¶Y bv Zzwg
Avj−vn I wdwi¯—v‡`i Avgv‡`i m¤§y‡L nvwRi Ki‡e|
hZ¶Y bv †`L‡ev †h †Zvgvi GKLvbv ¯^Y© wbwg©Z evwo
Av‡Q, Ges hZ¶Y bv Zzwg AvKv‡k nVvr A`„k¨ n‡q
†h‡Z cvi; wKš‘ AvKv‡k A`„k¨ n‡jI †Zvgvi Dc‡i
Avgiv Cgvb Avb‡ev bv, hZ¶Y bv Zzwg †mLvb †_‡K
Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKLvwb Avmgvbx †KZve e‡q Avb‡e,
hv Avgiv cvV Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|Ó Zzwg Reve `vI!
ÔcweÎ gnvb Avgvi cÖwZcvjK! Avwg †Zv †Kej
GKRb gvbyl I ivmyj gvÎ|Õ
Bbœv-AvbRvj bv û wd jvBjvZzj K¡v`‡i--| [97:
K¡`i-1-5] A_©: Aek¨B Avwg Dnv Zgkv”Qbœ AÜKvi
hy‡M `qv ciek n‡q †Zvgvi wbKU AeZxY© K‡iwQ--|
Bqv AvBqynvbœvex Iu ! Bbœv Avn&jvj bvKv--|
[33:AvnRve-50] A_©: †n bex! wbðqB Avwg †Zvgvi
Rb¨ ˆea K‡iwQ †Zvgvi ¯¿xMY‡K-- †Zvgvi gvgvLvjvi Kb¨vMY, PvPv-dzwdi Kb¨vMY--GKgvÎ †Zvgvi
Rb¨ nvjvj K‡iwQ| mvaviY †gvm‡jg‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj
Kwiwb--|
A- jvI Z¡vKveŸvjv AvjvBbv-- Avbû nv-wR¡hxb|
[69:nvK¡K¡v-44-47] A_©: †m [bex] hw` Avgvi bvg

228

wb‡q wKQy iPbv Ki‡Zv, Z‡e Avwg Aek¨B Zvi Wvb
nvZ a‡i †djZvg, Ges Zvi Rxeb agbx †K‡U
†djZvg; AZtci †Zvgv‡`i †KnB Zv‡K i¶v Ki‡Z
cvi‡Z bv|
Gai‡Yi AmsL¨ AvqvZ †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z
Av‡Q| Ges Zv Ave„wZ K‡iB i“Kz †mR`vI Kwi AZtci
bvgv‡Ri mgvwß †NvlYv Kwi!! A_©vr we‡k¦i mKj
†gvm‡jgMY gmwR‡` A_ev N‡i evB‡i Avj−vni f‚wgKvq
AeZxY© n‡q bex‡K Av‡`k Dc‡`k w`‡q bvgvR c‡o
†gvm‡jg, †gv‡gb, Av‡jg, Avj−vgv, cxi, Kv‡gj wnmv‡e
AvÍZ…wß jvf K‡i _vwK!
bvgv‡R hv ejv n‡e Zv bv †R‡b, bv ey‡S, Qvjv‡Z hvIqv
wbwl‡×i Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY Avkv Kwi wKQyUv n‡jI
cwi¯‹vi|
ÔQvjvZÕ Aviex kã, ÔbvgvRÕ cvikx kã, `y‡UvB
Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q we‡`kx fvlv Ges mgfv‡e AÁvZ; GRb¨B
Ges ¯^fveZtB cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, bvgvR wKfv‡e co‡ev!
wKfv‡e Ki‡ev! wK wK co‡ev, nvZ KZLvwb DVv‡ev, i“Kz
†mR`v †Kgb K‡i Ki‡ev BZ¨vw`| wKš‘ hw` bvgvR‡K
ÔcÖv_©bvÕ ej‡Z wkLZvg Z‡e kãwU D”PviY Kivi m‡½
m‡½B Zvi ˆewkó¨ I welqe¯‘ gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B †evaMg¨
n‡Zv| cÖv_©bvq wK wK ejv DwPr ev AbywPr; †Kvb AvqvZ
ejv m½Z ev Am½Z Zv ÔcÖv_©bvÕ kãwUB eywS‡q w`Z|
Ôwf¶vÕ wKfv‡e Ki‡Z nq! KZUzKz `~‡i `vov‡Z nq!
nvZ KZLvwb evov‡Z nq! e³e¨, myi-¯^i †Kgb nIqv
DwPr! Zv wf¶zK‡K wkwL‡q w`‡Z nq bv eis †c‡Ui Pvwn`v
Abyhvqx Ôwf¶vÕ kãwUB Zv‡K eywS‡q †`q|
Avi GKwU welq Av‡jvKcvZ Kiv GKvš— Ri“ix g‡b
Kwi, Avi Zv n‡jv: bvgv‡R Avgiv Avj−vn‡K nvwRi bvwRi
‡R‡b AvZ¥mgc©Y, ¸YMvb I Av‡e`b-wb‡e`b K‡i _vwK|
AZtci Wv‡b euv‡q Qvjvg wdwi‡q Avj−vni `ievi †_‡K
we`vq nB| A_©vr Avj−vni w`K †_‡K gyL wdwi‡q ¯^vfvweK
nB; A_©vr GLb Avi bvgv‡R iZ bB, bvgvR †kl| AZtci
`ÕynvZ Zz‡j Avcb mš—vb †_‡K ïi“ K‡i †PŠÏ cyi“l ch©š—
Zv‡`i †`vhL gvd Z_v †e‡n‡¯— †bqvi mycvwik

kvdvqvZ¸wj Kvi ev †Kvb& Avj−vni Kv‡Q K‡i _vwK!
Avi gnvbex Ggb wK Ab¨vq, cvc K‡iwQ‡jb
[bvDRywej−vn], †h Kvi‡Y Agy‡Ki gZ Av‡jg Avi Avgvi
gZ Rv‡jg, †gviZv`, Nyl‡Lvi, ag©e¨emvqx‡`i gnvbexi
Rb¨ kvwš— I †e‡n¯— bwQ‡ei mycvwik Ki‡Z nq!
bvgv‡Ri †`vqvwU †`Lyb:
Ô‡n †Lv`v, ingZ Ki Avgv‡`i †bZv nhiZ gynv¤§v`
(mv) Gi cÖwZ Ges Zvi eskai‡`i cÖwZ| †hgb Zzwg ingZ
K‡iQ nhiZ Beªvnxg (Av) I Zvi eskai‡`i Dci| wbðqB
Zzwg AZxe DËg ¸‡Yi Avavi Ges gnvb|Õ
Ô‡n †Lv`v Kj¨vY Ki Avgv‡`i †bZv nhiZ gynv¤§v`
(mv:) I Zvi eskai‡`i Dci| †hgb Zzwg nhiZ Beªvnxg
(Av) Ges Zvi eskai‡`i Dci ingZ K‡iQ, --wbðqB
Zzwg m`¸Y wewkó I gnvb|
AvRv‡bi †`vqvq Avj−vn‡K Awfhy³ K‡i ejv nq †h,
ÔZzwg‡Zv Iqv`v f½ Ki bv!Õ A_©vr GLbI bexi Dci
ingZ el©Y Ki‡Qv bv †Kb?
AvR mv‡o †PŠÏkZ ermi hver kwiqZ GKRb bexi
c‡¶ mycvwik-Z`exi K‡i Pj‡Q, †gvnv¤§`‡K (mv) †hb
†gvKv‡g gvngy`vq †cuŠQv‡bv nq| wKš‘ GLbI Zv‡K
†cuŠQvqwb e‡j Avj−vn‡K Awfhy³ K‡i ejv nq, ÔZzwg‡Zv
Iqv`v f½ Ki bv|Õ GKRb bexi Rb¨ Bnv wbZvš— VvÆv
we`ªƒc, Dcnvm Qvov Avi wK ev n‡Z cv‡i!
QvjvZ I ‡mR`v kãØq mgMÖ †Kviv‡bi †kªôZg Zvrch©c~Y©
Ges e¨vcK kã| Bnv Avj−vni Rb¨, †d‡i¯—vi Rb¨
gvby‡li Rb¨ AZtci cvnvo-ce©Z, MvQcvjv, cï-cw¶
GgbwK mg¯— m„wói Rb¨ eû ¯’v‡b Ges eûevi e¨envi †`Lv
hvq (`ª:17:44;22:18;16:49; 24:41; 64:1);
myZivs gvbe RvwZ I Zvi `j-Dc`j¸wji g‡a¨ QvjvZ,
cÖv_©bvi e³e¨, AvKvi-Abyôvbvw`i i`-e`j I †Nvi
gZwe‡iva Ki‡jI cÖK…wZi bvgvR AvRI AcwiewZ©Z, AweK…Z Ges wb¶zr Ae¯’vq Av‡Q Ges _vK‡e|
myZivs Avcb Qvjv‡Zi cÖK…Z ˆewkó¨ I cš’v wba©viY
Ki‡Z n‡j MvQcvjvi QvjvZ-‡mR`v eyS‡Z n‡e, cvnvoce©Z, cï-cw¶i †mR`v ü`½g Ki‡Z n‡e; AZtci

229

Avcb ÔQvjvZ-‡mR`viÕ cÖK…Z ¯^iƒc I ˆewkó cybt cybt
M‡elYvq wba©viY Ki‡Z n‡e| cÖPwjZ wiPz¨qvj ev
AvbyôvwbKZv Qvjv‡Zi cš’v I welqe¯‘ bq Ges gnv bexiI
mybœZ bq| KviY `j-Dc`j¸wji g‡a¨ AvbyôvwbKZvi Kg‡ekx cv_©K¨ I gZ‡f` Dnvi Rjš— cÖgvb|
gybvRvZ kãwUI dvimx| Gi A_©I bvgvR ev cÖv_©bv ev
QvjvZ| Qyiv dv‡Znvi c‡i GKvš—B hw` wKQy Av‡e`bwb‡e`b Ki‡Z nq, Z‡e Zv e¨w³, cwievi, mgvR I
RvwZi PvIqv cvIqvi Rb¨ AmsL¨ my›`i my›`i mvRv‡bv
AvqvZ i‡q‡Q A_ev ü`‡qi ¯^Zš¿ e³e¨¸wj Avcb fvlvq
Av‡e`b-wb‡e`b Ki‡Z cv‡i Ges ZvB-B Ri“ix| ZvQvov
†Kvb& bex †Kvb& wec‡` KLb wKfv‡e wK K_v e‡j bvgvR
K‡iwQ‡jb, †gv‡gb †jv‡Kiv bvgv‡R wK e‡jb ZvÕI
†Kviv‡b ewY©Z Av‡Q hvi K‡qKwU D`vniY cvjYxq:
1. iveŸvbv--Kv‡dixb| [2:evKviv-286] A_©: †n
Avgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK! hw` Avgiv we¯§„Z nB ev fyj Kwi
Z‡e Zzwg Avgv‡`i Acivax KwiI bv| †n Avgv‡`i
cÖwZcvjK! Avgv‡`i c~e©ewZ©M‡Yi Dci †hgb
¸i“`vqxZ¡ Ac©Y K‡iwQ‡j Avgv‡`i Dci †Zgb `vqxZ¡
Ac©Y KwiI bv| †n Avgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK! Ggb fvi
Avgv‡`i Dci Ac©Y KwiI bv hv enb Kivi kw³
Avgv‡`i †bB| Avgv‡`i cvc †gvPb Ki, Avgv‡`i
¶gv Ki, Avgv‡`i cÖwZ `qv Ki, ZzwgB Avgv‡`i
gvIjv; myZivs ee©i‡`i c‡_ Avb‡Z Avgv‡`i mvnvh¨
Ki|
2. iveŸvbv-- wgqv`| [3:Ggivb-8,9] A_©: †n Avgv‡`i
cÖwZcvjK! mij c_ cÖ`k©‡bi ci Zzwg Avgv‡`i Aš—
i‡K mZ¨-jsNbcÖeY KwiI bv Ges †Zvgvi wbKU n‡Z
Avgvw`M‡K Ki“Yv `vI ZzwgB gnv `vZv|
3. iveŸvbv--†nQve| [14:Beªvwng-40,41] A_©: †n
Avgvi cÖwZcvjK! Avgv‡K wb‡ew`Z f³ Kg©x Ki Ges
Avgvi eskai‡`i ga¨ †_‡KI| †n Avgv‡`i
cÖwZcvjK! Avgvi cÖv_©bv Keyj Ki| †n Avgv‡`i
cÖwZcvjK! †hw`b wnmve n‡e †mw`b Avgv‡K, Avgvi
wcZvgvZv‡K Ges f³MY‡K ¶gv KwiI

4. Aj−vwRbv-- Bgvgvb| [25:dziKvb-74] A_©: Ges hviv
cÖv_©bv K‡i e‡j,Ô†n Avgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK! Avgv‡`i
Rb¨ Ggb ¯¿x I mš—vb-mš—wZ `vb Ki hviv Avgv‡`i
Rb¨ bqb cÖxwZKi Ges Avg‡`i gyËvKx‡`i Rb¨
Av`k©¯^iƒc Ki|
G ai‡Yi ü`q wbsov‡bv AmsL¨ cÖv_©bvi AvqvZ †Kviv‡b
i‡q‡Q, ey‡S co‡j ü`q Mj‡e, GKwbôZv Avm‡e, bv
eyS‡j †Kvb wµqv-cÖwZwµqv †bB| A_P †m¸wj D‡c¶v
K‡i Ggb KZK¸wj Aevš—i AvqvZ e¨envi Kiv nq hv‡Z
mivmwi Avj−vni mv‡_ bvgv‡RB kwiK K‡i †dwj wb‡RiB
ARv‡š— Ges B”Qvi wei“‡×! †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i :
K¡v`-- dv‡qjyb| [23:gywgbyb-1-3] A_©: f³MYB
mdjKvgx hviv bvgv‡R P‚ovš—fv‡e GKwbô Ges hviv
Amvi-Aevš—i K_v I Kg© K‡i bv|
‡K¡ivZt
Ajv-ZvR¡nvi weQvjv-wZKv Ajv-ZzLv-wdZ wenvAeZ¡vwM evBbv Rv-wjKv Qvwejv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-110]
A_©: cÖv_©bvi ¯^i DuPz wKsev AwZkq ¶xY KwiI bv| eis G
`y‡qi ga¨g c_ Aej¤^b KwiI|
Avqv‡Z mvaviY 3wU wb‡`©k:
‡ZjvIqvZ: (1) DPz ¯^‡i bq (2) G‡Kev‡i g‡b g‡bI
bq (3) eis ga¨g ¯^i| Av‡`k 3wU †evSvi Rb¨ nvw`m‡dKnvi `iKvi Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| A_P wVK †h wZbwU
welq wb‡la Kiv n‡q‡Q; AweKj Ges wVK wVK †mB 3wU
welqB mivmwi A¯^xKvi K‡i gnvbexi bv‡gB wecixZ
QybœvZ Pvjy Kiv n‡q‡Q| Dwj−wLZ AwnwU bexi gy‡L GBgvÎ
†NvwlZ nIqvi ci¶‡YB wZwb Zv A¯^xKvi K‡i bvgv‡Ri
wKQy Ask I wKQy Iqv³ D”P ¯^‡i Avevi wKQy Ask G‡Kev‡i
g‡b g‡b †ZjvIqvZ Ki‡Zb? ga¨g cš’v Aej¤^b Ki‡Zb
bv?? A_P †Kvivb mv¶x w`‡”Q †h, ivQyj wb‡Ri Zid
†_‡K †Kvb wKQy iPbv Ki‡j Avj−vn Zvi Nvu‡oi wkiv †K‡U
†dj‡Zb! [69:nv°v-44-46]
wewe ZvjvK A_ev †`vh‡Li f‡q Avw`Kvj †_‡K
gwnjvMY †Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k A¯^xKvi K‡i bxi‡e bvgvR
K‡ib!

230

AevK nIqvi K_v, †KvwU †KvwU †gvRv‡Ï` Av‡jg‡`i
GKR‡bi Kv‡QI wK welqwU aiv c‡o bv? ÔivQyj wK †Rvni
I AvQ‡ii bvgv‡R wKQy co‡ZbÕ? [`ª: †evLvix] nvw`‡m
Dwj−wLZ cÖkœwU A‡nZzK I Aevš—i gvÎ| bvgv‡R Aek¨
Aek¨B †h wKQy †ZjvIqvZ Kiv nq Zv gnvbexi Idv‡Zi
cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i byZb K‡i Zuvi `uvwo †gveviK
bovPov †`‡L ev ï‡b wek¦vm Avbvi hyw³ †Kv_vq! ZrKvjxb
QvnvevMY Avey †nvivqiv‡`i AwZwi³ nvw`m eqv‡b †Kb
ivMvwš^Z n‡Zb! Zv GLv‡bB my¯úó|
LvZvgvj−vû Avjv K¡zjywenxg AAvjv Qvg‡qnxg AAvjv
AveQv‡inxg †MkvIqv-Zzb; Ajvûg AvRveyb AvRxg
[2:evKviv-7] A_©: Avj−vn Zv‡`i Kvb, Aš—i I †PvL
gywo‡q AZtci wmj& K‡i w`‡q‡Qb Ges Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q
KwVb kvw¯—||
AvqvZwU mnR, mij I cÖvÄj| bvgv‡R †KvwU †KvwU
†gvm‡jg w`evivÎ †ZjvIqvZ K‡i _vwK| c¶vš—‡i GB
cÖKvk¨ wb‡`©k A¯^xKvi K‡i Avj−vni weavb diR Z_v
ivQy‡ji weavb QybœZ, Avj−vni MÖš’ †Kvivb Z_v ivQy‡ji MÖš’
nvw`m; Avj−vni bvgvR diR Z_v ivQy‡ji bvgvR QybœZ
BZ¨vw` cvkvcvwk `ywU weav‡bi cÖPjb K‡i Avj−vn-iQyy‡ji
g‡a¨ †Nvi cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i Avj−vn I Zvi †Kviv‡bi
wei“‡× cÖKv‡k¨ gnvbex‡K P¨v‡j‡Äi KvVMovq `uvo Kiv‡bv
n‡q‡Q| ïay ZvB bq LuywU-bvwU, e„nËi mKj welq Avj−vni
Qybœ‡Zi cvkvcvwk iQyy‡ji QybœZ bv‡g Avjv`v kwiqZ iPbv
K‡i †Kvivb‡K Anin P¨v‡j‡Äi gyLv‡c¶x Kiv n‡q‡Q|
†Kvivb Avj−vni weavb c¶vš—‡i nvw`m ivQy‡ji weavb!
†Kviv‡bi AvqvZ msL¨v 6,236wU c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡mi
AvqvZ msL¨v 7,000 nvRvi †_‡K 40 j¶ ch©š—; GKLvwb
†Kviv‡bi wei“‡× 6 †_‡K cÖvq 20 Lvwb nvw`m iwPZ
n‡q‡Q Ges Zvi Dc‡i i‡q‡Q nvRvi nvRvi d‡Zvqv!
c¶vš—‡i †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i: Aj−vRxbv Avgvby--Mvdziviivwng| [4: wbQv-151-152] A_©: hviv Avj−vn I Zvi
ivQyj‡`i Dci Cgvb Av‡b Ges Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †KvbiKg
cv_©K¨ K‡i bv Zvnvw`M‡KB wZwb cyi¯‹…Z Ki‡eb| hviv
cv_©K¨ K‡i ZvivB Kv‡di| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj `qvjy|

Avj−vni bvgv‡Ri wbqZ, Ò-- diRyj−vwn ZvÔAvjv-"; ivQy‡ji bvgv‡Ri wbqZ, ÒQybœv‡Z ivQyjxj−vnx ZvÔAvjv- "| Kw_Z QybœvZ bvgv‡R ivQyj wb‡RI wK H wbqZ
Ki‡Zb! wZwbI wK ej‡Zb, ÒQybœv‡Z ivQyjxj−vnx
ZvÔAvjvÓ! hw` ewj Ônu¨v!Õ Z‡e wZwb †Kvb& ivQy‡ji QybœvZ
cvjb Ki‡Zb! hw` ewj Ôbv!Õ Z‡e wZwb hv e‡jb wb Zv
Avgiv ej‡ev †Kb! Avi wK wbqZB ev wZwb Ki‡Zb! GB
bvgvR †Kb bxi‡e Kiv nq! †Kb RvgvZe× n‡q Kiv
wbwk×, Zvi †Kvb m`yËiI cÖPwjZ kwiqZ I mw¤§wjZ
d‡ZvqvqI Luy‡R cvIqv hvq bv| ÒivQyj Ki‡Zb ZvB KwiÓ
GUv †Kvb m`yËi bq, hyw³m½ZI bq| KviY wZwb mZ¨B
K‡i‡Qb, e‡j‡Qb wK bv Zvi wb¶zZ mv¶x cÖgvY w`‡e
GKgvÎ †Kvivb; `jxq wb`©jxq †Kvb Bgvg Av‡jg bq|
bvgvR, QvjvZ ev cÖv_©bv mKj RvwZi cÖavb I †kªôZg
ag©Kg©| GLvb †_‡K RvwZ‡K c`öjY Ki‡Z cvi‡jB †m
RvwZi asm Awbevh©| ZvB AwZ m~²vwZ m~²fv‡e bvgv‡Ri
e³e¨ I welqe¯‘ Ges Zvi cÖKvi †f` m„wó K‡i mgMÖ
gymwjg RvwZ‡K Kzdzixi AZj mvM‡i wbgw¾Z Ki‡Z
m¶g n‡q‡Q| G Kv‡R gnvbexi gnvcweÎ bvgwUB Amª
wnmv‡e e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q| KviY Zviv Rvb‡Zb †h, gnvbexi
bvg ïb‡jB GgbwK mvaviY †gvm‡jgMYI wnZvwnZ wePvi,
Ávb, eyw× nvwi‡q †d‡jb| Zvi bv‡gi Dc‡i AvRI Avgiv
AvÍ wemR©b w`‡Z wØav‡eva Kwi bv| GB `ye©jZvi
my‡hv‡MB gnvbexi bv‡g j¶ j¶ nvw`m iPbv K‡i mgv‡R
cÖwZôv jvf K‡i‡Q|
`jxq Ges Kw_Z Bgvg‡`i GZ Zx¶è eyw× wQj fve‡j
AevK n‡Z nq| bvgv‡Ri †Nvi mg_©K †m‡R bvgv‡Ri
g‡a¨B hveZxq Kzdzix XzwK‡q‡Qb; Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji g‡a¨
cv_©K¨ m„wó Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Qb| Bewjm Zvi Iqv`v i¶v
K‡i Pj‡Q; d‡j Avgiv hZB bvgvR Kwi ZZB g‡bi
Aj‡¶¨, B”Qvi wei“‡× DˇivËi Kzdzix e„w× KiwQ|
Dwj−wLZ welqmKj Bnvi Rjš— cÖgvY| Gi wcQ‡b gvÎ 3wU
nvw`m mwµq f‚wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Q: K) †Kvivb co‡jB,
ïb‡jB, gyL¯’ Ki‡jB †Qvqve| L) Aviex A¶i cÖwZ `k¸Y
†Qvqve| M) bvgv‡R Qyiv dv‡Znvi c‡i Ab¨b †h‡Kvb 3wU

231

AvqvZ co‡Z n‡e Ges A_© Rvbvi `iKvi †bB| c¶vš—‡i
†Kviv‡b Kg K‡i n‡jI 50wUiI †ekx AvqvZ Av‡Q
†Kvivb bv ey‡S covi wei“‡×| ïay ZvB bq A_© bv †R‡b bv
ey‡S cov ev gyL¯’ Kiv‡K Kv‡di, ewai, AÜ I cy¯—K
enYKvix Muvavi m‡½ Zzjbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| [`ª: evKviv:
171; Avivd: 179; Avbdvj : 22; Rygyqv: 5|] Zvic‡iI
†Kvivb ب_©nxY fvlvq †NvlYv K‡i:
A BqvRAvjy--Bqv‡Kjyb| [10: BDbym-100] A_©:
Ges hviv eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv Avj−vn Zv‡`i w`‡K
AveR©bv/bvcvKx wb‡¶c [KjywlZ] K‡ib|
cÖavbZt Avgiv AwaKvsk bvgvRxiv †Kb DMÖ, LyYx,
ˆah©nxY, ee©i, Kg© weg~L I Afvex A_©vr ingZ weewR©Z!
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUB Zv e‡j †`q| Gmg¯— AvqvZ¸wji A_©
Rvbv _vK‡j Ges Bgvg †evLvix‡`i Dci cÖ`Ë Cgv‡bi
Zzjbvq gnvbex Z_v †Kviv‡bi Dci AwaK Cgvb _vK‡j
Av‡jg Avj−vgv Z_v mvaviY †gvm‡jg‡`i †Pv‡L KwZcq
`jxq BgvgMY †gvm‡jg RvwZ‡K c_åó Ki‡Z m¶g
n‡Zb bv| G¶‡Y DwPr bvgv‡Ri welq e¯‘ I e³e¨¸wj
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K cybt web¨¯— K‡i †gvmjgvb RvwZ‡K
mg~n †k‡iKx †_‡K i¶v Kiv|
Avj−vn‡eva I mvabvi myÎ m~PYv Ges wbkvbv ¯^-¯^
Rx‡ei Aš—i| GLv‡b wn›`y †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` Rv‡Zi cv_©K¨
†bB Ges gmwR`-gw›`i-wMR©v BZ¨vw` ¯’v‡biI ¸i“Z¡ †bB|
wn›`yi ü`‡q Avj−vn Av‡Q wKš‘ Kw_Z Avj−vni Ni gmwR`
†_‡K weZvwoZ nq, †gvmjgv‡bi ü`‡q Avj−vn Av‡Q wKš‘
gw›`i †_‡K waK…Z nq; AZGe Zviv cÖKvivš—‡i Avj−vn‡KB
wK weZvwoZ K‡i bv! hviv K‡i Zviv Aek¨B wK Bewjm
bq! BU-cv_‡ii gmwR`, gw›`i ÔAvj−vni NiÕ &ej‡Z
civ‡_© A_©vr †m_vh mK‡ji i“wP gvwdK mg-AwaKvi; Avi
g~jZt Avj−vni Ni ej‡Z ¯^ ¯^ gb-gw›`i eySvq; GB gbgw›`i cweÎ ivL‡j GgbwK mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi Kzdzix wPš—vI
ü`‡q XyK‡Z cv‡i bv|
Qvjv‡Zi cÖavb j¶¨ I D‡Ïk¨ Mfxi a¨vb mvabv Øviv
†R¨vwZ†`n kw³ AR©b K‡i wbR‡K †R¨vwZgq K‡i †Zvjv|
GRb¨ `iKvi wbie ¯’vb, kvš—-cÖkvš— ü`q| ivQy‡ji

gmwR` wQj †niv ¸nv I Avcb Ni| evB‡ii gmwR` wQj
wk¶v I wbqš¿Y †K›`ª gvÎ| QvjvZ gv‡bB Kb‡Qb‡Uªmb,
†gwW‡Umb ev P‚ovš— GKvMÖZv; †Kvivb †`Lyb:
1. Agv--KvB‡qgvZ| [`ª: 98:evB‡qbv-5] A_©: Zviv
Avw`ó n‡qwQj Avj−vni AvbyM‡Z¨ weï× wP‡Ë
GKwbôfv‡e QvjvZ-mvabvi gva¨‡g cweÎ n‡Z|
2. K¡v`-- Lv‡mDb| [23:gywgbyb-1-2] A_©: H mKj
f³MYB K…ZKvh© hviv KwVb a¨vb-mvabvq/M‡elYvq
[mvjvZ] wbgMœ _v‡K|
3. Bwbœ-- †gvm‡iK¡xb| [6: AvbAvg-79] A_©: Avwg
GKwbôfv‡e Zuvi mvabvq iZ njvg--|
Qvjv‡Zi ¯^iƒc wK Zv kwiqwZ‡`i nvw`‡mI mvw¶ Av‡Q
†h, hy×vnZ Avjxi (iv) cv‡q we× Zxi cÖPÛ e¨v_vq
wKQy‡ZB Lyj‡Z cviwQ‡jb bv, AZtci wZwb ej‡jb †h
.ÔAvwg hLb mvjv‡Z iZ _vwK wVK ZLbB ZxiwU evwni
KwiI|Õ
*
72 bvgv‡Ri Iqv³
bvgv‡Ri Iqv‡³i msL¨v wb‡q `j-Dc`‡ji g‡a¨ `y¯—i
gZwe‡iva i‡q‡Q Ges mg~n gZwe‡iva¸wj ¯^ ¯^ nvw`‡mi
†`vnvB w`‡q Dnvi ˆeaZv cÖgvb K‡ib|
evnvB‡`i g‡a¨ e¨w³i Ae¯’vb I Áv‡bi ZviZg¨ †nZz
1 Ges 2 Avevi Kv‡iv Rb¨ m‡e©vP¨ 3 Iqv³ eiv× Av‡Q|
QybœxMY cÖavbZ 5 Iqv³ AZtci †e‡Zimn 6 Iqv³
wba©vwiZ Av‡Q; AZtci AwZwi³ Zvnv¾y`mn 7 I
mgq‡f‡` Zvivexmn GKz‡b 8 Iqv³| Bnv QvovI Kmyd,
Lmyd, PvmZ&, Avïiv, RvqbvgvR, RvbvRv I †kvKixqv
BZ¨vw` cÖvq kÕLv‡bK bvgvR Av‡Q! Z‡e cÖavbZ diR 6
Iqv‡³i m‡½ cvkvcvwk QybœZ wnmv‡e AviI 5 Iqv³,
GKz‡b 11 Iqv³! GLv‡b e‡j ivLv fv‡jv †h, ûhyi
†Ke−v‡`i Ny‡gi e¨NvZ N‡U e‡j Ô6ô Iqv³ †e‡ZiÕ Gkvi
m‡½ hy³ K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| Iqv³ wb‡q 3, 5 ev 6 Qvov
wkqv-Qybœx I Avn&gw`qv‡`i g‡a¨ †Zgb GKUv cv_©K¨ Av‡Q
e‡j g‡b nq bv|

232

cÖavbZt †Kviv‡b 5, 6, 11 ev A¸YwZ Iqv‡³i †Kvb
cÖgvb †bB| wb‡æi msw¶ß AvqvZ¸wj wnmve-wbKvm
Ki‡j cvVKMY Iqv‡³i msL¨v m¤^‡Ü wbtm‡›`n n‡Z
cv‡ib; Aek¨ hw` Avj−vni †KZv‡ei m‡½ †evLvix‡`i
†KZv‡ei kwiK bv K‡ib:
1. Avcwb bvgvR Ki“b: myh© X‡j covi ci †_‡K
iv‡Zi AÜKvi ch©š—; Avi dR‡ii mgq †Kvivb
†ZjvIqvZ Ki“b--| Avi ivÎ RvMiY Ki“Y;
Avcbvi Rb¨ G n‡”Q AwZwi³ [bdj] diR| KviY
Avj−vn Pvb Avcbv‡K m‡e©v‡P¨ mgvmxb Ki‡Z|
[17:ewbBmªvBj-78, 79]
2. QvjvZ Ki‡e: w`e‡mi `yB cÖvš—fvM ch©š— I
iRbxi cÖ_gvs‡k--|[ 11: û`-114]
3. Ges my‡h©v`‡qi c~‡e© I m~h©v‡¯—i c~‡e© †Zvgvi
cÖwZcvj‡Ki mcÖksm cweÎZv I gwngv †NvlYv Ki
Ges ivwÎKv‡j cweÎZv I gwngv †NvlYv Ki Ges
w`e‡mi cªvš— ch©š—| [20: Zvnv-130]
4. myZivs †Zvgiv Avj−vni cweÎZv I gwngv †NvlYv
Ki mܨvq I cÖfv‡Z Ges Aciv‡ý [Avwkqvb] I
Ryn‡ii [ZzR‡ni“bv] mgq; [30:iƒg-17,18]
5. Ges mKvj mܨvq Avj−vni cweÎZv I gwngv
†NvlYv Ki‡e| [33:Avnhve-42]
6. --‡Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki mcÖksm cweÎZv I gwngv
†NvlYv Ki m~‡q©v`q I m~q©v‡¯—i c~‡e©| Zvi cweÎZv
I gwngv †NvlYv Ki iv‡Zi GKvs‡k Ges (ev)
†mR`vi c‡i| [50: Kvd-39,40]
7. Ges †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki bvg ¯§iY Ki mKvj I
mܨvq; ivwÎi wKq`s‡k Zvi cÖwZ wmR`vebZ nI
Ges ivwÎi `xN© mgq Zvi cweÎZv I gwngv †NvlYv
Ki| [76: `vni-25,26]
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ µwgK b¤^i Abyhvqx Iqv³ wba©viY:
K.
1 bs AvqvZ: `ycy‡ii wVK ci A_©vr m~h© †njv
†_‡K †Wvevi ci ev Nb AÜKvi ev AvbygvwbK
ivZ 7/8Uv ch©š— `xN© GKwU Iqv³ cvIqv hvq;

5/10 wgwb‡Ui †Kvb QvjvZ cÖavbZt †Kviv‡b
†bB; Zvic‡iI ivZ RvMvi wb‡`©k Av‡Q, a¨vbmvabvi Rb¨ Ges Zv AwZwi³ wnmv‡e, Z‡e
Aek¨B KiYxq; wKš‘ wb‡`©kwU GKgvÎ ivQy‡ji
Rb¨B cÖgvb nq; mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ cÖgvb Kivi †KvbB
dvuK †duvKo †bB e‡jB g‡b nq|
L.
2 bs AvqvZ: GLv‡b mnR mijfv‡eB 3wU Iqv³
cvIqv hvq| hv‡K cÖPwjZ dRi, gvMwie I Gkv|
ejv nq|
M.
3 bs AvqvZ: ÔQvjvZÕ ev bvgv‡Ri †KvbB D‡j−L
†bB| ZeyI hw` bvgv‡RiB Bw½Z wnmv‡e aiv nq
Z‡e: ÔD`q I A‡¯—i c~‡e©Õ A_©vr dRi, gvMwie;
Ôiv‡ZÕ A_©vr Gkv; Zvici Avevi GKB K_v ejv
n‡q‡Q †h, Ôw`e‡mi cÖvš— ch©š—Õ A_©vr w`emKvj
e¨cxqv| GLv‡b kwiqZ g‡ZI dRi I gvMwie aiv
hvq|
N.
4 bs AvqvZ: Ômܨvq I cÖfv‡Z,Õ A_©vr: dRi I
gvMwie| ¸i“‡Z¡i mwnZ j¶¨bxq †h, eªv‡K‡U
ÔAvwmqvbÕ A_©: mܨv ev w`‡bi †kl cÖvš—fvM;
A_©vr gvMwie; Z‡ZvwaK ¸i“‡Z¡i mwnZ j¶¨bxq
†h, eªv‡K‡U ÔZzh‡ni“bvÕ
kãwU Ôhv‡niÕGi
eûePb; cÖ_g eY© ÔZzÕ eZ©gvb-fwel¨‡Zi wPý,
g~jv_© ÔcÖKvkÕ ev †ewi‡q Avmv| myZivs Ab¨vb¨
Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y hw` m~‡h©v`q ev m~‡h©i cÖKvk
a‡i wb‡Z nq ev wb‡ZB nq Z‡e mgqwU‡K dRi
ejv hvq| ÔZyh‡ni“bÕ Aviex kãwUi Av‡iv KZ¸wj
Av‡k-cv‡ki A_©:
hvnviv= hvwni n‡jv, cÖKvwkZ n‡jv, evB‡i G‡jv;
hvni“b=
wcV, †Kvgi;
hyni“b=
wcVmg~n, †Kvgi¸‡jv, cÖKvwkZ nIqv,
Rqjvf Kiv, mvnvh¨ Kiv;
hvnwiqy¨b=
wc‡Vi †cQ‡b wb‡¶c Kiv n‡jv;
hvnxi“b=
c„ô‡cvlK, mvnvh¨Kvix;
hvnxivZzb=
wØcÖni, †hvni bvgv‡Ri mgq| [GB A_©Øq
†h Kw_Z Bmjvgx cwifvlvi †`vnvB w`‡q

233

†MvRvwgj †`qv n‡q‡Q Zv m‡›`n Kiv hvq!]
Ôhv‡niÕ kãwUi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© e¨envi nq cÖPwjZ wgjv‡`| gv
Av‡gbvi Mf© †_‡K †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) cÖmeKv‡j cÖmywZ N‡i
†d‡i¯—vMY mvwie× n‡q emv †_‡K nVvr `vwo‡q †k−vMvb
†`b: ÔGRnvi Bqv ivQyjvj−vn;Õ A_©vr gv Av‡gbvi †cU
†_‡K evwni/ cÖKvk nIqvi Rb¨ ‡eex †gvnv¤§`‡K (mv)
Av‡`k ev Aby‡iva Kiv nq; hv 14 kZ ermi c‡i AvRI
wgjv‡` `¯‘i gZ AbymiY Kiv nq|
O.
5 bs AvqvZ: GLv‡bI ÔQvjvZÕ †bB ZeyI Iqv³
cvIqv hvq: dRi I gvMwie|
P.
6 bs AvqvZ: dRi, gvMwie I Gkv| GLv‡bI
QvjvZ kãwU †bB|
Q.
7 bs AvqvZ: QvjvZ kã †bB; ZeyI Iqv³ cvIqv
hvq: dRi, gvMwie I Gkv| ÔivwÎi `xN© mgqÕ 1
bs AvqvZ Abyhvqx Bnv ÔZvnv¾y`Õ A_© ivZ
RvMiY; hv bexi Rb¨ AwZwi³ ev bdj wKš‘
wba©vwiZ| bex‡`i gZ hviv Ávb AR©b Ki‡Z Pvq
Zv‡`i mvabv ev Kb‡Qb‡Uªmb ev †gwW‡Um‡bi
mgqKvj gvÎ| GLv‡b Aviex Ô‡mR`vÕ kãwUi
KLbIB e½vbyev` Kiv nq bv| gyjZt †mR`vÕi
cÖavb welqe¯‘ ÔwebqvebZÕ nIqv| webqvebZ n‡q
Mfxi iv‡Z G‡¯—Lviv ev †gwW‡Umb Kivi K_v ejv
n‡q‡Q| hv gnv bex †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq Ki‡Zb|
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wji Av‡jv‡Z 3 Iqv³ bvgvR cvIqv hvq,
hvi 1 Iqv³ ÔG‡¯—LvivÕ ev a¨vb-mvabv ev Zvnv¾y` [ivZ
RvMiY] ; Dc‡ii 1 I 7 bs AvqvZ Abymi‡Y| G¶‡Y †Kn
2, 3 ev 10/20 Iqv³ Ki‡j! 1 †_‡K 20/50wU †mR`v
w`‡j nvivg nIqv ev Avj−vni †Mvm¨v Kivi hyw³ ‡bB! Qû
†mR`viI †Kvb ‡f`-gg© †bB; myZivs AwZwi³ 1mn 3
Iqv³ bvg‡Ri K_vB †Kvivb †Nvlbv K‡i|
†mR`vi g~j welqe¯‘ bgª, webq ev webxZ ¯^fve aviY K‡i
ivLv ev _vKv; DnvB ÔAvwKgy”QvjvZÕ ev bvgvR Kv‡qg ev
a‡i ivLv; hv cÖPwjZ bvgv‡R wkqv, Qybœx, nv‡¤^jx, gv‡jKx
†KnB a‡i ivL‡Z m¶g nb wb| Avn&gw`MY hw`I wZj
cwigvY a‡i †i‡L‡Qb, m¤¢eZt Zv Zv‡`i msL¨v jNy †nZz

Aw¯—‡Ë¡i cÖ‡kœ|
cÖavbZt Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj Mfxi M‡elYv Ki‡j g~j
e³e¨ cvIqv hvq †h, myq© D`‡qi AvM †_‡K A¯— hvIqv
ch©š— QvjvZ Kv‡qg ivL‡Z n‡e| Avi QvjvZ gv‡bB e¨w³
I mgvR Rxe‡Yi hvewZq my-Kg©vw`|
P›`ª-m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î, MvQcvjv, cï-cw¶, cvnvo ce©Z,
b`x-bvjv BZ¨vw` mewKQyB Avj−vni †mR`v (webxZ) K‡i;
†KnB we‡iva ev we‡`ªvn K‡i bv| wKš‘ †KnB Zv‡`i gv_v
gvwU‡Z †Qvqvq bv|Ô‡R‡b ivL! Rx‡ei Aš—‡iB Avj−vni
Ae¯’vbÕ [`ª: 8:Avbdvj-24] ¯^ ¯^ Aš—‡i Avj−vn aviY K‡i
AZtci Avevi ‡h KvíwbK Avj−vn‡K †mR`v Ki‡Q! †m
Bewjm bq‡Zv!! KviY bvgvRxiv njd& K‡i cÖgvb Ki‡Z
cvi‡Q bv †h, mwZ¨B Avj−n‡K †mR`v Ki‡Q! Avi AvwgI
gv_v †L‡q ej‡Z cviwQbv †h Zviv kqZvb‡K †mR`v
Ki‡Q! mvaviY gvbyl †Kb fv‡ebv †h, 14k erm‡ii
cÖPwjZ bvgv‡R e¨w³ I mgv‡Ri SMov-weev`,LyYv-Lybx
Ges mg~n ¶wZ Qvov wZj cwigvYI Kj¨vY nqwb| GKB Ges
AweKj QvjvZ evi evi, mvßvn, gvm, erm‡ii ci ermi,
hy‡Mi ci hyM a‡i Kivi c‡iI wZj cwigvY PwiÎ ¸‡Yi
cwieZ©b, cwiea©b, †mvab, ms‡kvab; mr, f`ª, bgª,
webxZ ev Av`k© n‡Z cv‡iwb! A_©vr †KvbB †Qvqve ev jvf
nqwb! eis n‡q‡Q Zvi wecwiZ! ZeyI hviv K‡iB Pj‡Qb
Zv‡`i‡K †bkv‡Lvi, Db¥vb, AcÖK…wZ¯’ ejv Qvov Avi wK
ejv hvq| †jvf †`Lv‡bv n‡”Q †h, givi c‡i jvf ev
†Qvqve cv‡e, GLv‡b bq| Giv Aek¨B cÖgvwbZ Bewjm
kqZvb! Giv cÖ‡jvfb †`wL‡q mvaviY‡K cÖZvwiZ K‡i
gvÎ| KviY:
‡h e¨w³ GLv‡b AÜ †m ciKv‡jI AÜ eis AwaKZi
c_åó| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-72]
‡Kvivb ev¯—eev`x, cÖavbZt BnRvMwZK AZtci
cvi‡jŠwKZ Kj¨vYg~Lx;
c¶vš—‡i kqZvb gvÎ cvi‡jŠwKK wg_¨v Avkv w`‡q gvby‡li
BnRMZ `vwi`ªZvi Ke‡j †d‡j GKzj I Kzj DfqB ee©vr
K‡i|
Q‡j−, Qj−v ev QvjvZ kãwU AZ¨š— e¨cK; hvewZq mr I

234

Kj¨vYKi Kg©B ag© I Qvjv‡Zi g~j †Qvqve ev welqe¯‘|
cÖPwjZ Kw_Z diR 5/6 + QybœZ 5 Iqv³ + A¸YwZ bdj
+ 10/20 ivKvZ Zvivex BZ¨vw` hvewZq bvgv‡R e¨w³ I
mgvR Dbœq‡Yi e`‡j mg‡qi KwVY AcPq K‡i mgMÖ
gymwjg RvwZ‡K †bkvMÖ¯’ K‡i †i‡L‡Q! Kg© wegyL Z_v c½y
K‡i †d‡j‡Q! eo ZvR¨‡ei welq! kwiq‡Zi ûKzg-nvKvg,
AvivKvb-AvnvKvg c~Y©fv‡e AbymiY Ki‡j e¨w³ I mgvR
†mev ev M‡elYv †Zv `~‡ii K_v! †m e¨w³i fvZ LvIqvi
mgqUzKz cv‡e wKbv m‡›`n| Avi Gme lohš¿ gy‡Lvlavix
KwZcq †fvM-wejvmx Bgvg-ivRbxwZwe`‡`i|
Rx‡ei Kg©eûj RxeY avi‡Y mKvj-mܨv GB 2 Iqv³B
mvaviY, cÖvK…wZK I †Kvivb wfwËK Ges 3q Iqv³
A‡jŠwKK Ges AwZwi³, hv Ávbx-weÁvbx, mvaK ev
†bZv‡`i Rb¨B cÖ‡hvR¨ e‡U ! Z‡e G wb‡q AviI
M‡elYvi `iKvi|
*
73 bvgvR m¤^‡Ü Bgvg Avey nvwbdvi gZ&
Bgvg Avey nvwbdvi Rxebx MÖ‡š’ cvIqv hvq †h, wZwb
Aviex fvlvq mycwÛZ _vKv m‡Ë¡I mvjv‡Zi mgq wb‡Ri
gvZ…fvlvq †KviAv‡bi Abyev` e¨envi Ki‡Zb| G welq
Zv‡K cÖkœ Kiv n‡j wZwb ej‡Zb, mvjvZ cvj‡bi mgq
ev‡K¨i A‡_©i †P‡q e¨Ki‡Yi w`‡K Zvi †Lqvj P‡j †hZ
| wZwb d‡Zvqv w`‡qwQ‡jb †h, bvgvR wb‡Ri gvZ…fvlvq
cov n‡j †m bvgvR cov Rv‡qR n‡e| Aviex †KviAv‡bi
cwie‡Z© †KviAv‡bi Abyev` co‡jI bvgvR wm× n‡e|
Ggb wK ZKwe‡i Zvnixgv wbR fvlvq ej‡jI bvgv‡R ΓwU
n‡e bv| G‡Z †`Lv hvq †h Bgvg Avey nvwbdv †KviAv‡bi
wb‡`©k AbymiY K‡iB D³ d‡Zvqv w`‡qwQ‡jb|
Ô†n gywgbMY, gË n‡q mvjv‡Zi Kv‡QI G‡mv bv,
hZ¶‡Y hv ej, Zv eyS‡Z cvi bv|
Ges bv n‡j c_Pvix, _vK‡j bvcvK,
hZ¶‡Y †Mvmj K‡iv bv|Õ [4:wbQv:43]
m¤¢eZt GB Avqv‡Zi wfwˇZB wZwb †m ivq w`‡qwQ‡jb|

gË Ges bvcvK Ae¯’vq _vK‡j mvjv‡Zi Kv‡Q Avm‡Z
wb‡la Kiv n‡q‡Q| gvZvj n‡j GKRb Avieevmx nqZ
†KviAvb bv eyS‡Z cv‡i| †m Rb¨ Zv‡K bvgv‡Ri Kv‡Q
Avm‡Z wb‡la Kiv n‡q‡Q | wKš‘ †h Aviex fvlv Rv‡b bv,
Ggb GKRb Abviex †Zv Aviex fvlv wKQyB eyS‡Z cv‡i
bv| Zv‡K †Zv bv ey‡S bvgvR covi †Kvb we‡kl AbygwZ
†KviAv‡bi †Kv_vI †`qv nq wb| Zv n‡j GKRb Abviex
bv ey‡S bvgvR co‡j Zv wKfv‡e Rv‡qR n‡e? bv ey‡S
bvgvR cov, Avi bvcvK Ae¯’vq bvgvR cov GKB e¨vcvi
n‡q †Mj bv wK? Dfq Ae¯’vq A_©vr e³e¨ bv eyS‡j cÖgË
Ae¯’v bv KvUv ch©š— Ges bvcvK Ae¯’vq _vK‡j †Mvmj bv
Kiv ch©š— bvgv‡Ri Kv‡Q Avm‡Z Avj−vn wb‡la K‡i‡Qb|
[Z_¨myÎ: Mwiqvb †KviAvb; gyn¤§v` Avãyj ReŸvi;
Ô‰KwdqZÕ Aa¨vq,c„: 5|]
*
74 bvgvR m¤^‡Ü †cÖiYvcÖvß AvKmvi Dwχbi GKwU NUbv
GKwU HwZnvwmK weij NUbvi D‡j−L GLv‡b Ki‡ZB nq:
beve mwjgyj−vi Avg‡j evevi ¸i“cxi †cÖiYvcÖvß AvKmvi
DwÏb Avn¤§` whwb me©cÖ_g †NvlYv K‡ib †h, gymwjg
RvwZi Pig Ae¶‡qi cÖavb KviY: †Kvivb †Q‡o nvw`m
BZ¨vw`i cvqiwe Kiv Ges wZwbB cÖ_g †NvlYv K‡ib †h,
bvgv‡R ÔK¡zj û Avj−vû Avnv`Õ Gi ÔKyjÕ kãwU ejv Kzdzix;
Z‡e mPivPi covi mgq ej‡ZB n‡e| AZtci †ckv`vix
Av‡jg mgv‡Ri g‡a¨ Gi Zxeª cÖwZwµqv m„wó nq| evsjvi
mKj †ckv`vix Av‡jgMY GKwÎZ n‡q Zvi wei“‡× XvKv
†Kv‡U© gvgjv `v‡qi K‡ib †h, cxi AvKmvi DwÏb Avn¤§`
Avqv‡Zi wKQy Ask ev` w`‡q bvgvR co‡Z wkLvq, hv
KzdzixZzj¨ Aciva †nZz Zv‡K Ô†gviZv`Õ †NvlYv KiZt
Dchy³ kvw¯— †`qv †nvK| `j kw³kvjx Kivi Rb¨ ZrKvjxb
cwðg cvwK¯’v‡bi †ckv`vix †ek wKQy Av‡jg‡`iI fvov
K‡i Av‡bb| bvbvi c‡¶i DwKj wQ‡jb †bZv AvZvDi
ingvb Lvb| h_vmg‡q Dfq `j †Kv‡U© nvwRi nq Ges Dfq
`‡ji e³e¨ †kvbvi c‡i RR wb‡RB Zxeª fvlvq

235

Av‡jg‡`i fl©rmbv K‡i wb‡`©k †`b †h, AvMvgx GK
mßv‡ni g‡a¨ gvgjv DWª bv Ki‡j cywjk w`‡q cÖ‡Z¨K‡K
evwo evwo wM‡q G¨v‡i÷ Kiv‡bv n‡e| AZtci h_vh_
m¤§vb cÖ`k©b c~e©K RR mv‡ne Zvi wb‡Ri Mvwo‡Z K‡i
bvbv‡K evwo †cuŠ‡Q †`b| AZtci 1 mvßv‡ni g‡a¨B
†gŠjev`xMY gvgjv DWª K‡i ¯^-¯^ B¾Z i¶v K‡ib|
AvRv` cwÎKvi cÖwZôvZv giûg AuvKivg LuvI H `‡ji
†bZ…‡Z¡ wQ‡jb Ges ciewZ©‡Z bvbvi fveev‡` AbycÖvwYZ
n‡q Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ MÖš’Lvwb iPbv K‡ib|
bvbvi wjwLZ I cÖKvwkZ Ô†gvmjgvb AvR †Kvb c‡_Õ,
ÔMv‡b cÖv‡Yi K_vÕ Ô†Kviv‡bi e½vbyev`, 1g LÛÕ BZ¨vw`
g~j¨evb MÖš’vw` ZrKvjxb †ckv`vix‡`i ZvÛ‡ei Kvi‡Y
†Zgb cwiwPwZ jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i wb| Zvi AcÖKvwkZ
AmsL¨ cvÛzwjwc wQj| †QvU‡ejv †_‡KB Zvi Rxeb PwiZ
wQj eoB A‡jŠwKK I inm¨gq| Zvi Rxebx wjL‡j K‡qK
LÛ wek¦ ‡Kv‡li mgvb n‡e| bvbv †hgb †ckv`vix cxi
wQ‡jb bv, †Zgb Zvi †Kvb wkl¨I †ckv`vix bb ev wQ‡jb
bv| Zvi mKj wkl¨B D”P wkw¶Z wQ‡jb; Zv‡`i g‡a¨
Ab¨Zg cÖavb wQ‡jb:
1. †cÖiYvcÖvß gywRej nK: g„Zz¨i c~e© ch©š— wZwb
wc‡ivRcyi miKvwi D”Q evwjKv we`¨vj‡qi wk¶K
wQ‡jb; Zvi wjwLZ Ô†cÖiYvevYxÕ cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q|
2. cvbvn Dj−vn: wZwb †Rjv g¨vwR‡óªU AZtci XvKvbvivqYMÄ wgDwbwmc¨vwjwUi G¨Wwgwb‡÷ªUi wQ‡jb;
Zvi wjwLZ Ôwµ‡qUi I wµ‡qmbÕ GB gnv g~j¨evb
MÖš’Lvwb evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb AÁvZ Kvi‡Y
gvÎ GKeviB cÖKvk K‡i; Zvi AcÖKvwkZ AmsL¨
cvÛzwjwc i‡q‡Q Ges ZviI A‡bK wkl¨ Av‡Qb|
3. gvneyeyj ev‡mZ: wZwb wQ‡jb XvKv mvBÝ j¨ve‡iUwi
nvB ¯‹z‡ji †nW gv÷vi| Zvi mvabv I e¨w³Z¡ m¤^‡Ü
KwVY BwZnvm Av‡Q| †Kviv‡b Av`g-nvIqvi NUbv
c‡o ¸i“‡K wRÁvmv Ki‡jb †h, we‡q Kiv Ri“ix wK
bv! ¸i“ DËi †`b †h, cÖavbZt Ri“ix e‡U! wKš‘ we‡q
bv K‡i GgbwK gvbwmKfv‡e cweÎ _vK‡Z cvi‡j Zv
m‡e©vËg, Z‡e cÖPÛ KwVY| AZtci wZwb †mB KwVY

c_B Aej¤^b K‡ib| wekvj Rwg`v‡ii mš—vb n‡qI
wZwb wPiKzgvi wQ‡jb|
4. eyiRyL Avjx: AvMvgvwQj †jb, XvKv; Zvi m¤^‡Ü
†Zgb wKQy Rvbv hvq wb| Z‡e Kw_K nq cÖ_g †kªYxi
Pvi R‡bi g‡a¨ wZwbI GKRb wQ‡jb|
5. Avãyi iwng| KvMRx‡Uvjv, XvKv|
6. AvdQvi DwÏb: nvmbvev`, XvKv, Zvi AmsL¨
AcÖKvwkZ cvÛzwjwc i‡q‡Q|
7. Kwe †ebwRi Avn‡¤§`|
8. Kwe Rmxg DwÏb|
9. Kwe dii“L Avn‡¤§`|
10.gigx MvqK AveŸvm DwÏb|
11.AvuKivg Luv [AvRv` cwÎKvi cÖwZóvZv]
12.Wv: Avãyj ReŸvi: w`bvRcyi; ÔAvwg †KÕ bv‡g Zvi
GKwU MÖš’ cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| ZviI A‡bK AcÖKvwkZ
cvÛzwjwc Av‡Q|
13.Avãyi iwk` ZK©evwMk: ZrZvjxb MYAvRvw` jx‡Mi
cÖwZôvZv I †cÖwm‡W›U wQ‡jb|
14. nv‡dR Aveyj †nv‡mb:,†gvnv¤§`cyi, XvKv| wZwb
mgvRKj¨vY gš¿Yvj‡qi Kg©KZ©v wQ‡jb| wZwb †ek wKQy
msL¨K wkl¨ †i‡L †M‡Qb|
15. ïKzi †gvoj: MÖvg: evM&ov, gywÝMÄ; Zvi wjwLZ †ek
wKQy Ava¨vwZ¡K Mvb I KweZvi eB cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q;
†iwWI wUwfÕ†Z Zvi iwPZ gv‡idvwZ Mvb cwi‡ekb
Kiv n‡Zv| ZviI †ek wKQy msL¨K f³ i‡q‡Q|
RxexZ‡`i g‡a¨ eZ©gvb Rvbv g‡Z Av‡Qb:
1. Wv: †gvnv¤§` Avjx: dwKivcyj, XvKv|
2. W: Avãyi ie: Zuvi evwo Puv`cyi| wZwb Av‡gwiKvi
nvievi BDwbfviwmwU †_‡K A_©bxwZ‡Z W±‡iU K‡ib|
evsjv‡`‡k c−vwbs Kwgk‡b wKQyw`b KvR Kivi ci Avš—
R©vwZK ms¯’vq A_©‰bwZK M‡elK wnmv‡e KvR K‡ib;
eZ©gv‡b Av‡gwiKvq Aemi hvcb Ki‡Qb Ges ag©xq
M‡elYvq wb‡qvwRZ i‡q‡Qb| Zvi wjwLZ ag©xq MÖš’
cÖKv‡ki c‡_|
*

236

75 Puv‡`i duv‡` gymjgvb
[†ivRvi gvm ˆea bq]
igRvb †ivRv bq; †ivRvI igRvb bq| Aviex‡Z ÔwmqvgÕ,
cvk©x‡Z Ô†ivRvÕ Avi evsjvq ÔDcevmÕev K…”Q mvabv|
igRvb Aviex P›`ª gv‡mi beg I me‡P‡q †QvU gvmwUi
bvg|
we‡k¦ el© MYbvi cÖavb `yÕwU Drm: †mŠi el© I P›`ª el©|
†QvU †ejvi f‚‡Mv‡j †kLv †h c„w_ex wbR A‡¶i Dci 24
NÈvq GKevi Ny‡i Av‡m, Bnv AvwýK MwZ Ges wbR
A‡¶i Dci †Nviv Ae¯’vq m~‡h©i Pvwiw`‡K †gvU cÖvq 365
w`‡b GKevi Ny‡i Av‡m, Dnv evwl©K MwZ| AvwýK MwZi
d‡j w`ev-ivÎ Z_v evwl©K MwZi d‡j AvenvIqv I Rj
evqyi cwieZ©b nq| GB cwieZ©b‡K j¶ K‡i 365 w`b‡K
12 fv‡M fvM K‡i‡Q; hvi cÖ‡Z¨K Ask‡K gvm e‡j|
AZtci gvm‡K mßvn, w`b, NÈv, wgwbU I †m‡K‡Û fvM
Kiv n‡q‡Q|
†Kviv‡b H 12 fv‡Mi wbw`©ó GKwU gv‡mi w`‡bi
As‡k Dcevm cvj‡bi wb‡`©k i‡q‡Q| wb‡`©k i‡q‡Q m~h©
D`q †_‡K †Wvev ch©š— cvbvnvi, †fvM-wejvm wbwl×|
wbw`©ó i‡q‡Q mg‡qi †Kvb gyûZ© ch©š— Dcevm †_‡K KLb
f½ Ki‡e| A_©vr †ivRvi AvK…wZ, cÖK…wZ, Aw¯—Z¡ I
cwiPq enb K‡i GKgvÎ †mŠiKvj, P›`ªKvj bq|
P›`ª w`b ivÎ K‡i bv, Dcevm ïi“ I f‡½i mgq
wba©viY K‡i bv, mKvj mܨv K‡i bv, bvgv‡Ri mgq e‡j
†`q bv, †Qnwi-BdZv‡ii mgq e‡j †`q bv| A_©vr ag©©xq
†Kvb cyRv cve©‡bB Puv‡`i †Kvb f‚wgKv †bB, GKgvÎ
n‡¾i w`bwU Qvov| ZeyI GB Puv`‡K wb‡q gymwjg mgv‡R
Avw`Kvj †_‡KB erm‡ii wbw`©ó KwZcq ag©xq c‡e©i
mgqKvj wb‡q gymwjg we‡k¦ hZ SMov dvQv` Z_v Aag©
Pj‡Q, we‡k¦i Ab¨ †Kvb a‡g© Ggb †Kvb bwRi †bB|
nvm¨Ki welq †h, kwiqZ ‰`wbK †ivRvwU c~iY K‡i m~h©
†`‡L; gvmwU cyiY K‡i P›`ª †`‡L Avi ermiwU cyiY K‡i
P›`ª-m~h© DfqwU †`‡L! ejvevûj¨, n‡¾i AbyôvbwU wb‡q

Ggb SMov dvQv` ev gZ we‡iva nq bv e‡U!
KviY:
1. wbw`©ó GKwU f‚L‡Û, wbw`©ó GKwU mgq c„w_exi mKj
†gvm‡jg nvwRi nq e‡j|
2. †mŠw` ivRvi †Kvivb weewR©Z e¨w³MZ I GKK g‡Z
n‡¾i w`b ZvwiL avh© nq e‡j|
GB SMov-dvQv` eÜ n‡Z cv‡i:
K. c„w_exi mKj †gvm‡jgMY igRvb gv‡m Avie ‡`‡k
nvwRi n‡q †ivRv, C` cvjb Ki‡j, Z‡e welqwU
nvm¨Ki I D™¢U Kíbv e‡U|
L. mwVK †nvK ev fyj †nvK gymwjg wek¦ GKK e¨w³i
Av‡`k gvb¨ Ki‡j|
M. Puv`wU ¸wj K‡i f‚cvwZZ Ki‡j|
N. GKgvÎ †Kvivb AbymiY Ki‡j G mgm¨v mgvavb m¤¢e|
mgm¨vi KviY GKgvÎ P›`ª el©| P›`ª el© nq 354 w`‡b;
c¶vš—‡i †mŠi el© nq cÖvq 365 w`‡b| ‡mŠi e‡l©i Zzjbvq
P›`ª e‡l© 11 w`b Kg| g~jZt 365 w`‡bB ermi nq, Avi
ZvB 11 w`‡bi NvUwZ cyi‡Yi Rb¨ AvMvgx ermi †_‡K
KvíwbK I A‰eÁvwbKfv‡e 11 w`b avi K‡i G‡b P›`ª
ermi 365 w`b cy‡iv K‡i GKwU ermi avh© Kiv nq| Avi
G Kvi‡YB P›`ª gvm cÖwZ ermi 11 w`b wcQy nU‡Z _v‡K
Ges gvm¸wj Nyi‡Z _v‡K; A_©vr gv‡mi 12wU bvg wVK
_vK‡jI Zvi wbw`©ó ˆewkó¨ _v‡K bv; _v‡K bv Zvi wbw`©ó
cwiPq| d‡j 12wU gv‡mB GgbwK erm‡ii cÖ‡Z¨KwU
w`‡bB Kv‡ji e¨eav‡b igRvb, gyniig ev kvevb bvg aviY
K‡i| AZGe †gvm‡jgMY erm‡ii cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvm I w`‡bB
†ivRv iv‡L| A_©vr whwb Rxe‡bi 33/36 ermi †ivRv
†i‡L‡Qb wZwb erm‡ii cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvm, w`b I
AvenvIqvqB †ivRv †i‡L‡Qb| c¶vš—‡i †Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k
erm‡ii wbw`©ó GKwU gv‡m †ivRv ivLv ; Gi boPo nIqv
Pj‡e bv|
AvR‡Ki gymwjg mgv‡Ri ag©xq ce©¸wji w`b ZvwiL
P›`ª el© AbymiY K‡i e‡jB KLbI Rvbyqvwi-†deª“qvwi,
KLbI Rvbyqvwi-wW‡m¤^i Avevi KLbI wW‡m¤^i-b‡f¤^i

237

BZ¨vw` PµKv‡i †ivRv iv‡L| d‡j †Kviv‡b wb‡`©k
Pigfv‡eB jw•NZ n‡”Q| A_©vr †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K mg‡qi
wnmv‡e Zv‡`i †ivRv C` meB m‡›`nRbK e‡jB g‡b nq!
gymwjg we‡k¦i ïay †ivRv C`B bq, ag©xq mg¯— ce©¸wj,
†hgb iQy‡ji Rb¥ ZvwiL, k‡e K`‡ii wbw`©ó ivZ,
†Kvievbxi ZvwiL, †gÕiv‡Ri ZvwiL meB Puv‡`i duv‡`
c‡o cÖvq 14 kZ ermi hver Ny‡i Ny‡i AvR Zv †Kv_vq
Ae¯’vb Ki‡Q Zv Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB|
gyn¤§‡`i [mv] 20 GwcÖj, 571 mv‡ji Rb¥ ZvwiLwU
[weZwK©Z] cÖvq †`o nvRvi eQi hver Ny‡i Ny‡i 1999 m‡b
26 Ry‡b G‡m `uvovq | c¶vš—‡i Kwe iex›`ªbv_, KvRx
bRi“j Bmjvg, Cmv, gyQvi (mv) Rb¥ ZvwiL gvÎ jxc
Bqv‡ii †ni †di Qvov Puv‡`i duv` †_‡K m¤ú~Y© gy³; cÖwZ
eQi 11 w`b wcwQ‡q hvq bv|
‡gvNj mgªvU AvKe‡ii Avg‡j fviZ e‡l© P›`ª el© Pvjy
wQj| cÖRv‡`i Aby‡iva wQj av‡bi gImy‡g G‡m LvRbv
Av`vq Ki‡Z| †m ermi evsjv †cŠl gv‡m cÖavb dmj
av‡bi gImyg wQj, ZvB avb weµq K‡i mn‡RB miKv‡ii
LvRbv cwi‡kva Ki‡jv| c‡ii ermiI LvRbv cwi‡kva
Ki‡Z gvÎ 11 w`‡bi †ni‡di Qvov †Zgb mgm¨v nqwb|
wKš‘ Zvi c‡ii ermi LvRbv Av`vq Ki‡Z G‡m miKvi
†`L‡jv †h, Gev‡ii †cŠl gv‡m avb cv‡Kwb| KviY P›`ª
e‡l©i ¸‡Y 2 erm‡i evsjv †cŠl gvm wcwQ‡q evsjv
AMÖvnvq‡Yi 22 w`‡bi g‡a¨ Xz‡K c‡o‡Q| wKš‘ cÖK…wZi
wbqg †Zv Avi 22 w`b wcwQ‡q avb cvKv‡Z cv‡i bv!
AZGe Gev‡ii †cŠ‡l avbI cv‡Kwb Avi ZvB LvRbvI
Av`vq Kiv m¤¢e nq wb| G mgm¨vi K_v mgªvU AvKei‡K
Rvbv‡j Zvi mgvavb ¯^iƒc P›`ª e‡l©i cwie‡Z© †mŠi el©
cÖeZ©b K‡i avb cvKvi gImyg †cŠ‡l wbw`©ó K‡i gv‡mi
bo Po eÜ K‡i LvRbv Av`v‡qi mgqKvj wbw`©ó Kiv
nq|
c„w_ex †Mvj nIqvi Kvi‡Y Ges AvwýK MwZ I evwl©K
MwZi d‡j c„w_exi GK cÖvš— †_‡K Aci cÖv‡š—, GKB †`‡k
Ges wewfbœ †`‡ki GKcÖvš— †_‡K Aci cÖv‡š—i mg‡qi
cv_©K¨ 1 wgwbU †_‡K cÖvq 10/11 NÈv ch©š— n‡q _v‡K|

GgZve¯’vq Puv‡`i Avwef©ve I wZ‡ivavb eoB ¯úk©KvZi I
inm¨gq| KviY w`b-ivÎ 24 NÈvi g‡a¨ †h †Kvb mgq
Amgq cÖwZc` [Rb¥jMœ] jvM‡Z cv‡i, Avi GB cÖwZc`
jvMvi 20/22 NÈv c‡i gvÎ K‡qK wgwbU ev †m‡K‡Ûi
Rb¨ Puv‡`i D`q nq| GgZve¯’vq wbw`©ó GKwU †`‡ki GK
cÖv‡š—i ¯’vbxq mgq D`vniY ¯^iƒc †ejv 12Uv 5 wgwb‡U
cÖwZc` jvM‡j c‡ii w`b ‡fvi 8/12Uv 5wg: H AvKv‡k
gyû‡Z©i Rb¨ Puv` DV‡e| wKš‘ ZLb cÖLi m~‡h©i Av‡jvi
Rb¨ A_ev AvKvk †gNv”Qbœ ev cÖvK…wZK `~‡h©v‡Mi Rb¨ Ggb
wK `~iexY evB‡bvKzjvi ØvivI Zv `k©b Kiv m¤¢e bq
;ZvQvov hš¿¸wj †Pv‡L jvMv‡Z jvMv‡Z ev LyR‡Z LyR‡ZB
Puv` D‡V cybt A¯— hv‡e| A_P AvKv‡k Puv` D‡VwQj; c‡ii
w`‡bi Puv‡`i eo AvK…wZ †`‡LB †evSv hvq †h MZ w`bB
AvKv‡k Puv` D‡VwQj| GgZve¯’vq †`‡ki Aci cÖv‡š—
†hLv‡b mg‡qi GgbwK 2/5 wgwb‡UiI cv_©K¨ _v‡K †m
cÖv‡š—i AvKv‡k Puv` †`Lvi †Kvb cÖkœB D‡V bv| GB mg‡qi
cv_©‡K¨i Kvi‡Y GKB †`‡ki GK cÖv‡š—i Dw`Z Puv` `k©b
n‡jI Aci cÖv‡š—i †jvK‡`i Zv †`Lv m¤¢e bq| d‡j
gymwjg †`k¸wj‡Z A_ev GKB †`‡ki `yB cÖv‡š—i
†jvK‡`i g‡a¨ nq gZ we‡iva| d‡j GK`‡ji C‡`i w`‡b
Ab¨ `j †ivRv iv‡L, A‡b¨i †ivRvi w`‡b H `j C`
K‡i| A_©vr GK`‡ji `„wó‡Z Ab¨`j A‰ea Z_v nvivg!
e¯‘Ztc‡¶ †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z Dfq `jB A‰ea e‡j
aviYv nq|
GKB †`‡ki Puv` `k©b wb‡q hLb Giƒc mgm¨vi D™¢e
nq, ZLb Avie ev cvwK¯’v‡bi AvKv‡ki Dw`Z Puv` `k©‡bi
Lei †c‡q we‡k¦i mKj †`‡ki †ivRv C` cvjb Kiv wK
K‡i ˆea ev hyw³m½Z n‡Z cv‡i! g~jZt P›`ª, m~h© I MÖnb¶Îvw` mKj mgq, mKj Ae¯’vqB AvKv‡k _v‡K| Ggb
wK Agvem¨vi iv‡ZI Puv` `k©b Kiv m¤¢e| GB Puv` †`‡L
†ivRv C` cvj‡bi weavb _vK‡j, A`~i fwel¨‡Z gvbyl hw`
KLbI P›`ª, g½j A_ev Ab¨ †Kvb MÖ‡n emev‡mi
Dc‡hvMx Ki‡Z cv‡i ; ZLb GB †Kvivb †mLv‡b APj n‡q
co‡e|
†Kvivb wek¦ gvb‡ei, me©Kv‡ji, me©hy‡Mi I

238

me©¯’v‡bi; K_v¸wj AvR‡Ki mgvR wek¦vm K‡i _v‡Kb gvÎ
; wKš‘ ev¯—‡e cÖgvY Kivi ¶gZv, Ávb AvR †`o nvRvi
erm‡ii g‡a¨I Avgiv †KD AR©b Ki‡Z cvwiwb|
gyn¤§` [mv] P›`ª e‡l©i cÖeZ©b K‡ib wb| AZx‡Zi
cÖPwjZ †mŠi el©B AbymiY Ki‡Zb| [`ª:ˆ`wbK BbwKjve:
23 Zg el©, 189 Zg msL¨v, 11 wW‡m¤^i 1987|]
AveyeKi [iv] ch©š— †ivRv ev C` AvR‡Ki †ivRvi gZ cvcv K‡i wcQy nU‡Zv bv| igRvb, igRv‡bi RvqMvqB
wbw`©ó _vK‡Zv| wKš‘ Ig‡ii [iv] Avgj †_‡K †mŠiel©
†Q‡o P›`ªel© Pvjy K‡ib| [ `ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl:
2q LÛ; c„: 507, 508; Bmjv‡gi BwZnvm, †Qnv-†QËv
BZ¨vw`]| †mB †_‡K AvR ch©š— igRvb 11w`b wcQy nU&‡Z
nU&‡Z AvR †h †Kv_vq G‡m `uvwo‡q‡Q Zv gymwjg Avj−vgvMY
bv Rvb‡jI Bûw` wLª÷vbMY fv‡jv K‡iB Rv‡bb e‡jB
gyQv, whïi Rb¥ ZvwiL AvRI †gvUvgywU wbw`©ó Av‡Q|
kwiq‡Zi aviYv †h ivQy‡ji c~e© †_‡KB P›`ªel© Pvjy wQj;
wKš‘ ivQyj †mB P›`ª e‡l©i †Kvb& mb Zvwi‡L Rb¥-Idvr
K‡i‡Qb, 23wU hy‡×i P›`ª mb-ZvwiL wK! Zv we‡k¦i †KDB
Rv‡b bv| Dciš‘ mKj BwZnvm nvw`‡mB wLª÷v‡ãi D‡j−L
cvIqv hvq|
AvaywbK Avj−vgv‡`i aviYv Ges cÎ cwÎKvq cÖKvk †h,
†mŠi erm‡iI fzj; KviY G‡Z 11 w`b †ewk Av‡Q| Avgiv
Rvwb †h, †mŠi erm‡ii Zzjbvq P›`ª erm‡i 11 w`b Kg
nq wKš‘ †Kvb& m‡bi m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i †mŠi erm‡i 11
w`b †ewk nq Zv †evaMg¨ bq Ges P‡›`ªi mv‡_ Zzjbxq
nIqvi K_v bq| Z‡e c„w_ex ev m~‡h©i Rb¥ w`b †_‡K w`bgvm wnmve Kiv m¤¢e n‡j †gvU wnmv‡e fzj nIqv
¯^vfvweK| wKš‘ Zv‡ZI GB Z‡_¨i ev my‡Îi e¨wZµg
nIqvi K_v bq|
G¶‡Y AvieMY P›`ªel© †Q‡o †mŠiel© cÖeZ©b Ki‡j,
jxc Bqv‡ii mgm¨v Qvov igRvb Z_v mg¯— cweÎ w`b¸wji
wbw`©óZv I w¯’wZkxjZv Avm‡e| ivQy‡ji Rb¥ ZvwiL 20
GwcÖj [weZwK©Z] wbw`©ó n‡q hv‡e| mgvavb n‡e SMov
d¨vQv‡`i| Avie †`k A_ev Kw_Z Ges `j, Dc-`jxq
†Kvb Bgvg‡`i AbymiY ev AbyKiY Kiv †gvm‡jg‡`i ag©

bq ; †Kvivb AbymiY KivB ag©|
†ivRvi mgqKvj m¤^‡Ü Dc‡ivwj−wLZ welq¸wj
cÖvK…wZK, ˆeÁvwbK I ev¯—e mZ¨ e‡jB g‡b nq Ges
¯^xKviI Ki‡Z nq| AZGe, †Kvivb hw` G mgm¨v¸wji
mgvavb w`‡Z bv cv‡i Z‡e ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e †h:
K)
‡Kvivb mKj mgm¨v mgvav‡b ¯^qs m¤ú~Y©
bq|
L)
cÖK…Z A_© D×vi Ki‡Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY
e¨_© n‡q‡Qb|
M)
¯^-Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq †R‡b-ï‡b †Kvivb
Agvb¨ K‡i `jxq ¯^v‡_© ‡mŠw` Avie‡K AbyiY
Ki‡Q|
cÖ_g avivwU ¯^xKvi Kivi kw³-mvnm we‡k¦i GKRb
†gvm‡j‡giI †bB| AZtci, wØZxq avivwU Awek¦vm¨
n‡jI mZ¨; Z…Zxq avivwU Av‡iv mZ¨; ‡m‡nZz wØZxq Ljxdv
Ig‡ii [iv] P›`ª el© Pvjy Kivi ci †_‡K A`¨vewa cÖvq †`o
nvRvi erm‡ii gymwjg we‡k¦i mg~n †ivRv, C`, †Kvievbx,
m‡e-K`i, m‡e-‡givR, wgjv`ybœex BZ¨vw` ag©xq ce©¸wji
mgqKvj wnmv‡e eoB ‡MvRvwgj e‡jB g‡b nq| AZGe,
Gm¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi D‡j−L‡hvM¨ I ¸i“Z¡c~Y© AvqvZ¸wj
GKvš—fv‡eB j¶Yxq :
1| AvBq¨v-gv¤§vÕ`y`vZ| [2:evKviv-184] A_©: wbw`©ó
wKQy w`b gvÎ|
wbw`©ó KwZcq w`b ej‡Z 365 w`‡bi 12 fv‡Mi wbw`©ó
GKwU fvM‡K eySvq; H wbw`©ó fvM ev gv‡mi wbw`©ó ¸Yv¸Y
ev ˆewkó I _v‡K| wKš‘ P›`ª erm‡i G ai‡Yi gv‡mi †Kvb
wbw`©ó cwiPq ev ˆewkó¨ †bB| A_©vr 365 w`b Z_v
cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvmB ch©vqµ‡g gniig, igRvb ev kvevb
BZ¨vw` bvg aviY K‡i _v‡K; hv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q|
ZvB 33/36 ermi whwb jvMvZvi †ivRv †i‡L‡Qb, wZwb
erm‡ii cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvm Z_v w`‡b †ivRv †i‡L‡Qb, GwUI
c~‡e© Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q|
AZGe, AvR‡Ki gymwjg mgvR ch©vqµ‡g 12 gvmB †ivRv
cvjb K‡i _v‡Kb| A_©vr Awbw`©ó Kvj e¨vcxqv †ivRv
cvjb K‡ib| d‡j †Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k Pigfv‡eB jw•NZ nq

239

Ges n‡”Q|
2| dvgvb Kv-bv--DLviv--| [2:evKviv-184] A_©:
†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kn Amy¯’ _vK‡j ev cÖevmx/we‡`kx/
åg‡Y
_vK‡j Ab¨ mgq wnmve K‡i †ivRv
ivL‡e|
Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z †ivMx‡`i Av‡jvPbv wb®•Ö‡qvRb|
GLv‡b ÔmdiÕ kãwU D‡j−L‡hvM¨| Zvi mvaviY A_©
ågY, AZtci: Uz wjf-(¯’vb) Z¨vM Kiv; Uz wWmcvm¯’vbvš—wiZ nIqv; Uz wWcvU©-wew”Qbœ nIqv; Uz wWRG¨wcqviAbycw¯’Z _vKv BZ¨vw` eySvq [†`Lyb: Aviex-BsivwR
Awfavb ; evB †R.Gb. KvDqvb ]
Aviex ÔmdiÕ Gi ÔågYÕ A_©wU AZ¨š— e¨vcK I iƒcK;
ågY ej‡Z `yÕPvi NÈv †_‡K w`b, mßvn, gvm, eQi †_‡K
2/10 eQiI n‡Z cv‡i| AZGe GgZve¯’vq †KD 5 eQi
we‡`‡k Ae¯’vb K‡i †`‡k wd‡i eZ©gvb eQ‡ii †ivRvmn
MZ 5 eQ‡ii †gvU 6 gvm jvMvZvi †ivRv cvjb Ki‡e;
GUv †Kvb Ae¯’v‡ZB hyw³m½Z bq| åg‡Yi `xN©Zvi Kvi‡Y
jvMvZvi 1 eQi ev Z‡ZvwaK †ivRv ivL‡ZI n‡Z cv‡i|
Aek¨ GB ÔmdiÕ m¤^‡Ü †dKnv, GRgvq wKQy `ye©j
e¨w³MZ Ges weZwK©Z gZ cÖPwjZ Av‡Q|
Aci c‡¶ 2/10 NÈv †_‡K `yÕPvi w`b åg‡Y _vK‡j
H w`b ev mgqKv‡j †ivRv bv †i‡L wba©vwiZ †ivRv †k‡l
Ab¨ mgq Zv cvjb KiviI †Kvb hyw³ _vK‡Z cv‡i bv|
KviY G iKg LyPiv ågY mgv‡Ri 50% kZvsk †jv‡KB
Anin K‡i _v‡K Ges e¨w³ I mgvR Rxeb avi‡Yi ZvwM‡`
Ki‡ZB nq| AZGe †ivRvi gvm ej‡Z ZLb wbwÏ©ó
gv‡mi Aw¯—Z¡B _v‡K bv|
mdi †_‡K ÔgymvwdiÕ, evsjvq cÖevmx, AvMš‘K,we‡`kx
ev ch©UK| Avcb †`k, GjvKv Z¨vM K‡i Ab¨ †`‡k ev
GjvKvq Ae¯’vb ev ågY Kiv‡KB gymvwdi ev cÖevmx e‡j|
ZvQvov Avcb †`k e¨ZxZ Ab¨ mKj †`‡ki †jvKB
we‡`kx ev cÖevmx| GB cÖevmx ev we‡`kx‡`i Rb¨B Ab¨
mgq MYbv ev wnmve K‡i †ivRv ivLvi wb‡`©k †`qv n‡q‡Q
†Kviv‡b| †Mvj c„w_exi Kvi‡Y wbw`©ó GKwU ¯’v‡bi wbw`©ó
GKwU mgq c„w_exi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b Avgyj †ni †di nq|

mg‡qi wnmve ej‡Z †hgb: Ôevsjv‡`k mgq 2 ZvwiL
†ejv 10 Uvi mgq f‚wgK¤ú n‡q‡Q;Õ †mB mgqUv wnmvewbKvk K‡i Av‡gwiKvi mgq `uvovq 1 ZvwiL ivÎ 8 Uvi
mgq| 24 NÈvq hw` 10 NÈvi cv_©K¨ nq Z‡e 1 eQ‡i KZ
cv_©K¨ n‡e ! †mUv wnmve-wbKvm K‡i mgq-Kvj avh©
Kiv‡KB †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K ÔcÖevmx‡`i Ab¨ mgq MYbv
K‡iÕ †ivRv ivLvi wb‡`©k eywS‡q‡Q|
gvm ej‡Z wbw`©ó GKwU AvenvIqv, Rjevqy I
cwi‡ek‡K eySvq| †Kvivb bvwRj n‡q‡Q Avie †`‡k ZvB
Avi‡ei GKwU wbw`©ó gv‡m †ivRv ivLvi wb‡`©k †`qv
n‡q‡Q| gvmwU Aviex igRvb gvm| Avie wfbœ Ab¨ †Kvb
†`‡k bexi AvMgY n‡j †mB †`‡kiB dwRj‡Zi gvmwU
†ivRvi Rb¨ wbw`©ó n‡Zv ; evsjv‡`‡k AvMgY n‡j
dwRjZ ev Kj¨v‡Yi gvm wnmv‡e †cŠl gvm‡KB †h wbw`©ó
Kiv n‡Zv, Zv wbtm‡›`‡n ejv hvq| AZGe igRvb gv‡mi
wbw`©ó AvenvIqv, Rjevqy A_©vr mvgwMªK Kj¨vY-dwRjZ
Ab¨ †`‡ki †h gvmwUi g‡a¨ cv‡e wVK †mB gvmwUB
†Kviv‡bi fvlvq cÖevmx‡`i Ab¨ mgq wnmve K‡i †ivRv
ivLvi gvm eywS‡q‡Q| 12wU gv‡mi g‡a¨ Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e
igRvb gvm‡KB †kªô Kj¨v‡Yi gvm wnmv‡e ‡NvwlZ Av‡Q|
AZGe cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`‡ki ¯^-¯^ 12wU gv‡mi g‡a¨ wePvi
we‡ePbvq Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e †h gvmwU †kªô Kj¨v‡Yi
we‡ewPZ n‡e, wVK †mB gvmwU‡KB †Kviv‡bi fvlvq
ÔcÖevmx‡`i Ab¨ mgq MYbv K‡i †ivRv ivLvi gvm e‡jB
Bw½Z w`‡q‡Q| A_©vr cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`‡ki 12wU gv‡mi g‡a¨
Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e †h gvmwU ˆ`wnK I gvbwmK me©Kj¨v‡Y †kªô
e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡e wVK †mB gvmwU hvi hvi †ivRvi gvm;
hvi hvi dwRj‡Zi gvm|
Dwj−wLZ eY©bv AvqvZwUi e¨vL¨v bq eis mijv_© I
gg©v_© Ges BnvB †h hyw³m½Z I wbi‡c¶ Ges †Kvivb
m¤§Z Zv cieZ©x Avqv‡Z ¯^”Q Avqbvi gZ cwi¯‹vi K‡i
w`‡q‡Q|
3| dvgvb mv‡n`v-- DLviv--| [2:evKviv-185] A_©:
myZivs †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv GB gvmwU cv‡e/Dcw¯’Z
_vK‡e/ cÖZ¨¶ Ki‡e/ mv¶x _vK‡e Zviv †hb GB

240

gv‡mB †ivRv iv‡L| Ges hviv Amy¯’ I cÖevmx/we‡`kx
/md‡i _vK‡j Zviv Ab¨ mgq MYbv K‡i cyiY Ki‡e|
AvqvZwU mnR-mij I e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©| G‡Z byZb K‡i
e¨vL¨vi AeKvk †bB| ZeyI †`o nvRvi eQi hver
Avgv‡`i GB mnR mij welqUv †evaMg¨ n‡”Q bv e‡jB
GKB K_v evi evi IjU-cvjU K‡i ej‡Z nq Ges
†Kviv‡bI Abyiƒc ejv n‡q‡Q| gvm ej‡Z 365 w`‡bi GK
fvM‡K eySvq ; gvm ej‡Z wbw`©ó GKwU AvenvIqv I
Rjevqy‡K eySvq| wbw`©ó GKwU †`‡ki wnmve Kiv gvm
c„w_exi mKj †`‡ki †jvK 2/10 NÈvi e¨eav‡b cÖvq
GKB m‡½ gvmwUi ˆewkó¨ cÖZ¨¶ ev mv¶x _vK‡Z cv‡i
bv, Zv c~‡e©I Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q|
Avi‡ei jynvIqvi cÖZ¨¶ mv¶x AvieMY; Av‡gwiKvBD‡iv‡ci Zzlvi eid covi gv‡mi cÖZ¨¶ mv¶x
Av‡gwiKvbMY; evsjv‡`‡ki ˆP‡Îi UvK dvUv †iv`, Nvg
Siv Mig ev Kvj ˆekvLx S‡oi cÖZ¨¶ mv¶x
evsjv‡`kxMY| Avi mKj wfbœ †`kxMY Zvi c‡iv¶ mv¶x|
A_©vr Zviv †fvM K‡i bv, †`‡L bv I mv¶x _v‡K bv ; wKš‘
Rv‡b †h, †Kvb †`‡k, †Kvb gv‡m KLb wK Ae¯’v aviY
K‡i ; Gi gv‡bB Zviv c‡iv¶`k©x| AZGe Av‡gwiKvi
Rvbyqvwi-†deª“qvwi †hgb Avi‡e cvIqv hvq bv; evsjvi
ˆekvL-‰R¨ô ev Avlvp-kªveY †hgb BD‡iv‡c cÖZ¨¶ Kiv
hvq bv; Z`ª“c Avi‡ei igRvb gvmI Ab¨ †Kvb †`‡k
cÖZ¨¶ Kiv ev mv¶x _vKv †gv‡UB hyw³m½Z bq| GRb¨B
Avqv‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, ÔD³ gvm hviv cÖZ¨¶ K‡i ev mv¶x
_v‡K Zviv †hb GB gv‡m †ivRv iv‡L; `~i‡`kx I †ivMx
Ab¨ mgq MYbv K‡i †ivRv ivL‡eÕ A_©vr Avi‡e hviv
emevm K‡i Zv‡`i Rb¨ igRvb Ges Avie wfbœ Ab¨
†`kxiv mgqKv‡ji wnmve-wbKvk K‡i Zv‡`i †ivRvi gvm
†ei K‡i wb‡e| Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Ôhviv cÖZ¨¶ K‡i ev mv¶x
_v‡KÕ, Zvi A_©B mK‡jB D³ gvm cÖZ¨¶ K‡i bv ev mv¶x
_vK‡Z cv‡i bv| GLv‡b ÔhvivÕ I ÔcÖZ¨¶Õ kã؇qi A_©
eyS‡Z K‡jR BDwbfviwmwUi wWwMÖi cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j
†KDB wek¦vm Ki‡eb bv| Avi mvab fRb ev G‡¯—Lviv
Kiv A_ev Avj−vgv‡`i ¯§iYvcbœ nIqviI †Kvb †nZz Av‡Q

e‡j g‡b nq bv| ZeyI AvR †`o nvRvi eQ‡ii g†a¨I G
`yÕwU kã †evSvi mnR-mij Ávb-eyw× Avgv‡`i D`q
nqwb! A_ev Avgiv †R‡b ï‡bB †Kviv‡bi A‡gvN evYx
Ae‡njv K‡i PjwQ|
Dwj−wLZ eY©bv AvqvZwUi Zdmxi e¨vL¨v bq eis c~e©er
mijv_© I gg©v_© Ges BnvB †h †KvivwbK hyw³m½Z Zv
cieZ©x Avqv‡Z Av‡iv ¯^”Q Avqbvi gZ cwi¯‹vi K‡i
w`‡q‡Q|
4| BDwi`yj−vû-- AQiv--| [2:evKviv-185] A_©: Avj−vn
†Zvgv‡`i mnR I Aviv‡gi g‡a¨B †ivRv Pv‡nb;
†Zvgv‡`i Kó †K¬k †nvK Zv †gv‡UB Pv‡nb bv|
†ivRv ivLvi Kó †K¬k wkw_j K‡i Avivg Av‡qk
†fv‡Mi my‡hvM-myweav GKgvÎ †ivMx I cÖevmx ev
ågYKvix‡`i Rb¨B †h wewae× K‡i‡Qb Zv †gv‡UB
hyw³m½Z bq| eis mKj †ivRv`vixi Rb¨B G my‡hvMwU
Ae¯’v‡f‡` mgvb cÖ‡hvR¨ e‡U! A_©vr ¯’vb, Kvj I cvÎ
†f‡` mgvb Ges m‡e©vP¨ my‡hvM MÖn‡Yi wbðqZv †`q GB
AvqvZwU|
AvenvIqv, Rjevqy BZ¨vw`i wbix‡L cÖ‡Z¨KwU gv‡mi
¸Yv¸Y, Avivg-Av‡qk ev dwRjZ mgvb b‡n| †cŠ‡li
8/9 NÈv Dcevm Avi ˆP‡Îi UvK dvUv Mi‡gi 14/15
NÈv Dcev‡m †`n-g‡bi djvdj Ges wµqv cÖwZwµqv ev
dwRjZ Aek¨B mgvb Kj¨vYKi †h bq Zv 12 eQ‡ii
wkïI mv¶x w`‡Z cv‡i| AZGe cÖ‡Z¨KwU RvwZi 12wU
gv‡mi g‡a¨ Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e wbðqB GKwU †kªô Kj¨vY ev
dwRj‡Zi gvm Av‡QB Av‡Q| †Kviv‡b ÔcÖevmxMY Ab¨
mgq wnmve K‡i †ivRv cyiY Ki‡eÕ, †m wnmvewU cÖ‡Z¨K
RvwZi Kj¨vYKi gvmwU‡KB Bw½Z K‡i‡Q| igRvb gvm
Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e 12wU gv‡mi g‡a¨ †kªô Kj¨vYKi Z_v
dwRj‡Zi gvm wQj e‡jB †ivRvi Rb¨ wbw`©ó Kiv
n‡qwQj wKš‘ P›`ªel© Pvjy Kivi ci Zv Avi Aewkó †bB|
igRvb gvm †Kgb Ges †Kb dwRj‡Zi gvm wQj, †mUv
mnRfv‡e †evSvi Rb¨ cÖZ¨¶`k©x I cÖZ¨¶ mv¶x wnmv‡e
†cŠl gv‡mi D`vniYwUB Dchy³ g‡b Kiv hvq:
1. G gv‡mi w`b¸wj me‡P‡q †QvU, gvÎ 8/9 NÈvi|

241

2. gvmwUI me‡P‡q †QvU, gvÎ 29/30 w`‡bi|
3. AvenvIqv I Rjevqy AvivgcÖ` I ¯^v¯’¨cÖ`|
4. †ivM-†kvK Z_v cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM, Avmgvbx evjv,
Rwgbx evjv gy³|
5. wbZ¨ byZb Ges n‡iK iK‡gi Lv`¨ k‡m¨i gImyg Z_v
Afve Awf‡hvM gy³|
6. cÖPÛ KvR Kivi Dchy³ AvenvIqv I cwi‡ek|
7. e¨emv-evwbR¨, †hvMv‡hvM, ågY, AwZw_ Av`iAvc¨vqY, cÖKv‡k¨ mgv‡ek, gnv mgv‡ek BZ¨vw`‡Z
cÖK…wZ †Kvb evav ev cÖwZKzjZvi m„wó K‡i bv|
8. G mgq w`bwU †QvU, gvmwU †QvU, Zvcnxb †nZz wbZvš—
e„× I †QvU wkïMYI Avb›`, Drdzj− I ¯^ZtdyZ©fv‡e
Dcevm cvjb Ki‡Z m¶g I AvMÖnkxj nq|
9. Dcevm eª‡Z †`‡ni my®‹Zvi m‡½ cÖvK…wZi my®‹Zv eûj
cwigv‡Y mvnvh¨ K‡i|
10. gvby‡li ü`q-gb gy³vKvk I cwi‡e‡ki gZB wbg©j,
mwRe I D`vi _v‡K ; Sv‡gjv gy³ ü`q Ly‡j Avj−vn‡K
WvKvi, a¨vb, mvabvi mgq-my‡hvM cvq|
weÁvb, †R¨vwZl weÁvbB bq, Pvlv-Kywj GgbwK
cï‡`i g‡ZI 12wU gv‡mi g‡a¨ G gvmwU wePvi we‡k−l‡Y
†kªô gvm I Dcevm cvj‡bi Dchy³ gvm,ing‡Zi e‡jB
we‡ewPZ nq| G gvmwU †ivRv`vixi Rb¨ Kó †K¬knxb Z_v
Avivg`vqK I gnvKj¨vYKi| Ggb my‡hvM myweav I ¸Yv¸Y
igRvb gv‡m we`¨gvb wQj e‡jB Avj−vn igRvb gv‡m
†ivRv ivLvi mgq avh© K‡iwQ‡jb| wKš‘ Ig‡ii [iv] Avgj
†_‡K P›`ª el© Pvjy Kivi Kvi‡Y AvR Zv jÛfÛ n‡q
wM‡q‡Q| cÖ‡Z¨K †`k ev RvwZi Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e Ggb
GKwU Kj¨vYKi gvm Aek¨ Aek¨B Av‡Q| igRvb ej‡Z
cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki †mB gvmwU‡KB Bw½Z Kiv n‡q‡Q| A`~i
fwel¨‡Z Puv`, m~h© ev Ab¨ †h‡Kvb MÖ‡n gvbyl emevm
Ki‡jI GB GKB wbq‡g Zv‡`i †h Kvj ev gvmwU me©w`K
†_‡K Kj¨vYKi cv‡e wVK †mB gv‡mB Zviv †ivRv ivL‡e|
Avj−vni AvBb me©Î Ges mevi Rb¨ GKiKg| GLv‡b †Kvb
iK‡gi c¶cvwZZ¡ ev cÖK…wZ we‡iva †bB, †bB
AmvgvÄm¨Zv|

Ô†Kvivb wek¦ gvb‡ei, me©Kv‡jiÕ, GK_v IqvR-bwQnZ
Qvov ev¯—e cÖgvY Kivi ¶gZv Avgv‡`i †bB ; KviY
cÖPwjZ igRvb Ab¨ MÖ‡n †Zv `~‡ii K_v! c„w_exi DËi
†gi“ AÂj, KvbvWvi b_©I‡q÷ †UwiUwi, by‡bvfvU I
BDKb †UwiUwi cÖwfÝÎq; MÖxbj¨vÛ, biI‡q, ivwkqvi
LvwbK DËivÂj I `w¶Y †gi“i G¨v›UviwUKv cÖf„wZ GjvKvq
6 gvm w`b I 6 gvm ivÎ; Zv‡`i Ggb wKQy Ask Av‡Q
†hLv‡b cy‡ivcywi 6 gvm nvjKv †_‡K Mfxi ivZ I 6 gvm
¯^”Q-A¯^”Q w`b; †mLv‡b Avw`Kvj †_‡KB cÖPwjZ
bvgvR, †ivRv APj n‡q c‡o Av‡Q; †mLv‡b P›`ª-m~‡h©i
D`q-A¯—, †Q‡nix-BdZvi, †ivRv,C‡`i Puv` GgbwK cuvP
Iqv³ bvgv‡Ri mgq m~wP m¤ú~Y© APj, A_©e| AZGe
Zv‡`i wbR¯^ cwe‡ek, mgq I my‡hvM Abyhvqx wnmve
wbKvk K‡i Zv‡`i Abyôvbvw`i mgq m~wP wba©viY K‡i
wb‡ZB nq| Bgvg Aveynvwbdvmn Pvi Bgv‡gi d‡Zvqv, k‡e
†gÕivR, k‡e eivZ, wgjv`ybœexmn cÖPwjZ kwiqZ
†Kvivb‡K †mLv‡b Avw`Kvj †_‡K A‡K‡Rv A_e© GgbwK
wg_¨v I fyj cÖwZcbœ K‡i †i‡L‡Qb|
c¶vš—‡i, evsjv‡`‡k Ggb GKwU gvm Av‡Q hLb:
1. w`bwU _v‡K me‡P‡q eo 15/16 NÈvi|
2. gvmwU _v‡K me‡P‡q eo, 31 w`‡b|
3. ZLb Lv`¨-k‡m¨i _v‡K Pig Afve; GgbwK
ga¨we‡Ëi N‡iI `yÕgy‡Vv Lv‡`¨i †hvMvb _v‡K bv|
4. So ev`j, R‡jv”Qvm, nvRv‡iv iK‡gi Avmgvbx
Rwgbx evjv gwQeZ Z_v `y‡h©v‡M _v‡K ficyi|
5. Pjv-†div, e¨emv-evwYR¨, †hvMv‡hvM cÖK…wZ
Pigfv‡e cÖwZKzj Ae¯’v aviY K‡i|
6. cÖPÛ Mi‡g GgbwK cï-c¶x, Rš‘-Rv‡bvqvi ch©š—
cvwb‡Z Avkªq †bq|
7. gvivZ¡K †ivM-†kvK, gnvgvwi BZ¨vw`i cÖv`yf©ve
_v‡K|
8. cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©v‡Mi Kvi‡Y gv‡V gq`v‡b GgbwK C‡`i
bvgvR ch©š— Kiv m¤¢e nq bv| C‡`i hveZxq Avb›`
Av‡qvRb gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B jÛ-fÛ n‡q hvq!
Rxeb,msmvi wb‡qB e¨wZe¨¯— _vK‡Z nq, d‡j

242

GKwbô mvab-fRb ev ag©vbykxjY AwZwi³ †evSv n‡q
†`Lv †`q|
9. e„×, wkï Ggb KwVb w`‡b †ivRv ivL‡Z fq cvq;
Afve, A¯^v¯’¨Ki Z`zcwi Ggb j¤^v w`‡b my¯’
†jv‡KivI †ivRv †i‡L Amy¯’ n‡q Kj¨vY Kvgbvq eis
AKj¨vY †W‡K Av‡b| †ivRv Ae¯’vq G mgq A‡bK‡K
j¾v f‡q cvwj‡q cvwj‡q †L‡ZI †`Lv hvq|
10. G‡nb Ae¯’vq †Qvqv‡ei Avkvq †ivRv †i‡L eis mg~n
Avc`-wec` †W‡K Av‡b| Ggb Kó-†K¬‡ki g‡a¨
Avj−vn †Kvb g‡ZB gvby‡li KvQ †_‡K †ivRv Pv‡n bv
; Zv cwi¯‹vifv‡eB †Kviv‡b †NvlYv K‡i‡Q|
GKgvÎ Avie †`k‡K AbyKiY Z_v P›`ª e‡l©i Kvi‡Y
AvR‡Ki
gymwjg we‡k¦i †ivRv, C`, bexi R‡b¥vrme, m‡e-K`i,
m‡e
eivZ, m‡e-†givR BZ¨vw` mKj ag©xq Abyôvbvw` mg‡qi
wnmv‡e Puv‡`i duv‡` Ave×| AZGe, Avieevmx Z_v
gymwjg
we‡k¦I G¶‡Y DwPr :
K. P›`ª el© †Q‡o †mŠi el© cÖeZ©b Kiv|
L. Wv³vi, weÁvbx, †R¨vwZl weÁvwb‡`i mvnv‡h¨ beg
gvm, †QvÆ gvm igRvb‡K Ggbfv‡e wba©viY Kiv,
hv‡Z †m-B ivQy‡ji Avg‡ji igRv‡bi mKj ¸Yv¸Y,
‰ewkó¨ Z_v dwRjZ AvR‡Ki igRv‡b ¯’vb cvq|
M. cÖ‡Z¨KwU gymwjg †`k ¯^Zš¿fv‡e Zv‡`i gvm¸wji
wePvi we‡k−lY K‡i Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e me‡P‡q Kj¨v‡Yi
gvmwU †ivRvi gvm wnmv‡e mve¨¯— Kiv| BnvB
†Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k|
d‡j:
1. †Kviv‡bi mwVK e¨vL¨v ejer n‡e|
2. gymwjg we‡k¦i A_ev GKB †`‡k ag©vbyôv‡bi w`bZvwiL wb‡q gZwe‡iva Z_v Aag© eÜ n‡e|
3. †ivRv`vixMY †ivRvi cÖK…Z Zvrch© I mgvb djvdj
Dcjwä Ki‡Z m¶g n‡e|
4. wkï I e„×MY ¯^Ztd‚Z©fv‡e †ivRv cvj‡b AvMÖnx

n‡e|
5. Kw_Z cÖMwZkxj I AbvMÖnkxj †gvm‡jg‡`i a‡g©i
cÖwZ AvMÖn evo‡e|
6. kxZ Avi MÖx®§ Kv‡ji Dcev‡mi ˆ`wnK I gvbwmK
Kj¨v‡Yi [†Qvqve] djvdj †h GK n‡Z cv‡i bv; eis
wecixZ I AvKvk-cvZvj cv_©K¨, Zv cÖ‡Z¨K
†ivRv`vixB nvu‡o nvu‡o Dcjwä Ki‡Z m¶g n‡eb|
7. ¯^RvwZi g‡a¨ GKB ag©vbyôvb wb‡q jvVvjvwV, LybvLybx
eÜ n‡j Ab¨ ag©vej¤^x‡`i †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ m‡›`n
A‡bKUv `~i n‡e|
8. gyn¤§‡`i [m] Abym„Z †m-B igRvb gvm Avevi wd‡i
cv‡e|
9. Avj−vni †KZv‡ei dqmvjvi Dci ivRv-ev`kv I Pvu`
†`Lv KwgwUi Kzdzix n¯—‡¶c eÜ n‡e|
10. Ò†Kvivb me©Kv‡ji, me©hy‡Mi, wek¦ gvb‡eiÓ `vexUv
ïay †k−vMvb me©¯^B _vK‡e bv eis ev¯—‡eB Zv cÖgvwYZ
n‡e|
11. cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`k ¯^-¯^ mgq Abyhvqx †ivRv, C` I n¾
cvjb Ki‡e| G n¾wU RvZxq ev †`kxq n¾ wnmv‡e
¯^xK…Z n‡e; AvR hv‡K Igiv n¾ e‡j|
12. erm‡i GKwU Avš—R©vwZK n¾ Aek¨B _vK‡e; Zvi
w`b-ZvwiL †Kviv‡bB wbw`©ó Kiv Av‡Q| mgq¶Y
MÖxYDBP mgq Abyhvqx avh© n‡e| G n‡¾ cÖ‡Z¨KwU
†`‡ki Ávbx-¸bxMYB cÖwZwbwa wnmv‡e †hvM`vb
Ki‡e| Zvi g~j I cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ _vK‡e
cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`‡ki hveZxq mgm¨vw` Zz‡j aiv Ges Zvi
¯’vqx Ges my¯úó I mylg mgvavb Kiv| [†`Lyb: n¾ I
†Kvievbx Aa¨vq]
cÖ‡Z¨KwU e¯‘-Ae¯‘i e`jv i‡q‡Q| Zv wnmve-wbKvk,
M‡elYv I Avjvc Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g dqmvjv K‡i wb‡Z
nq| †hgb: Wjvi‡K UvKv, wiqvj‡K gvK©; evsjv‡K Aviex;
Aviex‡K wnw›`; Rvbyqvix‡K †cŠl; AZtci igRvb‡K
†cŠl, †cŠl‡K †deª“qvwi Kiv m¤¢e; kyay gvÎ `iKvi M‡elYv
I wnmve wbKv‡ki| G m¤^‡Ü my›`i GKwU AvqvZ
AbymiYxq:

243

Avk¦vni“j nviv-gy wek¦vnwij nviv-wg Aj ûigv-Zz
wK¡QvQ| [evKviv-194] A_©: wbwl× [cweÎ] gv‡mi e`‡j
wbwl× [cweÎ] gvm| Ges mewKQyiB e`jv i‡q‡Q|
G‡Z AvieMY me‡P‡q †ewk jvfevb n‡e:
†Kviv‡bi weavb g‡Z RvwZ, ag© I eY© wbwe©‡k‡l GKK
Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vmx I m½wZ hvi Av‡Q, Zv‡K Aek¨B n¾
Ki‡Z n‡e| [3:Bgivb: 96, 97]
ag© ¸i“ Beªvnxg (mv), Avi ZviB eskai I Abymvwi
mKj gvbeRvwZ; Ggb wK mKj bexMY| wZwbB Kvev N‡ii
ms¯‹viK| AZGe GKK Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vmx mKj gymwjg
Agymwjg mgvb AwaKvi, `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ i‡q‡Q GB Kvev
N‡ii cÖwZ| †h †Kvb e¨w³i n‡¾i B”Qv Ges m½wZ
_vK‡j Zv‡K evav †`qvi AwaKvi †Kvb gvbyl ev miKv‡ii
†bB; c¶vš—‡i †mŠw` ivRvMY †Kvivb wei“×, †e-AvBbx
d‡Zvqv w`‡q GKK Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vmx Agymwjg‡`i n¾
MgY wbwl× †Nvlbv K‡i‡Qb| ZvQvov †mŠw` miKv‡ii
¯’v‡bi AcÖZzjZv, A`~i`wk©Zv, cÖvK…wZK mgm¨v BZ¨vw`i
Kvi‡Y cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`‡ki Mg‡b”Qyy‡`i msL¨v wba©vwiZ K‡i
†`qv nq ; hv †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z ˆea bq| d‡j †KvwU
†KvwU gvby‡li B”Qv I Avw_©K m½wZ _vK‡ZI Zviv n¾
Ki‡Z cvi‡Q bv| AZGe, AvR cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`k †ivRv, n¾
¯^Zš¿ mgq cvjb Ki‡j:
K. Avie miKv‡ii n¾ Mg‡b”Qy‡`i msL¨v wbw©`©ó Kivi
`iKvi n‡e bv|
L. Avie miKv‡ii Awb”Qv m‡ËI †Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k
Agvb¨ K‡i †`v‡hvLx nIqvi cÖ‡qvRb co‡e bv|
M. ¯^fveZtB nvRx‡`i msL¨v j¶‡KvwU ¸Y e„w× cv‡e|
d‡j †mŠw` miKv‡ii ˆe‡`wkK Avq Z‡ZvwaK e„w×
cv‡e| AwZ Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B c„w_exi †kªô abx †`k
wnmv‡e cÖwZôv cv‡e Ges Kw_Z †KqvgZ ch©š— Zv
ejer _vK‡e|
Avie‡`i †Z‡ji cwigvY w`b w`b K‡g Avm‡Q,
GKw`b †klI n‡e| GgZve¯’vq cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©v‡Mi Kvi‡Y
nVvr †h †Kvb mgq †Zj dzwi‡qI †h‡Z cv‡i; aŸsmI n‡q
†h‡Z cv‡i| AZGe †mŠw` miKv‡ii DwPr wbKU A_ev `yi

fwel¨‡Zi K_v wPš—v K‡i GB †KvivwbK Z‡_¨i Dci
me©vwaK ¸i“Z¡ Av‡ivc Kiv|
†Kviv‡b ewY©Z ÒP›`ª I m~h© wnmv‡ei Rb¨Ó e‡U! P›`ª
cÖavbZt c„w_ex c„‡ôi cvwb Ges Rxe Z_v gvbe †`‡ni i³
cÖev‡ni wnmve †`q; c¶vš—‡i m~h¨© w`b-ivÎ, mgq,
AvenvIqv-Rjevqy Z_v gvbe me©¯^ Df‡qiB wnmve †`q|
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jb:
civ_©B wm×v_©
c~b¨ nDK ab¨ nDK
RMZ cvDK ÎvY
NywP‡q hvDK fzj
me©fvlx K‚j‡K K‚j|
Kwl‡q gvi evb
dv-gvb mv‡n`v
wgb Kzgym& k¦vn&iv
dv-jvûQ †Qqvg|
gvmwU cÖZ¨¶`k©xi cÖwZ
Aek¨ gv‡n igRvb|
c‡iv¶`k©x, †ivMx I `~i †`kx
ivL‡e †ivRv Ab¨ Kvj|
†ivRv myVvg Avj−vi ¯^xKvh©
ïay gvby‡li †ivRv¸‡jv
msL¨v c~Y© cvIqv Kvh©|
A-Bbœv, me© fvlxi †QvU gvmwU
cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Z‡i †QÔqvg †Kvivb|
Bnv wfbœ Ab¨ gv‡m
wb‡`©wkZ †ivRv ivLv nvivg|
†h‡nZz euvav c‡o Zv‡Z
m„wó †Rvov cÖK…wZ I ¯^fv‡e|
Z‡eB n‡e e¨vL¨v c~Y© weKvk
dv-gvb mv‡n`v wgbKzgyQ k¦vniv cÖKvk|
e¨vL¨v cv‡e c~Y©vqZb
Avj−vni Kvjvg me©Î GKiKg

244

BDwi`yj−vû †eKzgyj BDQiv
Ajv- BDwi`y †eKzgyj AQiv K_b&|
Puv‡`i bvg Puv`
Puv‡`i bvg wKQy‡ZB nqbv
†Kvb Kv‡j †Kvb †`‡k igRvb|
igRvb GK m¤cÖ`v‡qi
†QvÆ gvmwUi bvg|
igRvb wKQy‡ZB nqbv
†Kvb Kv‡j †Kvb †`‡k
Puv‡`i GKwU bvg|
cÖ_gv wØZxqv nÕ†Z
c~wY©gv Avgvem¨v ch©š—
Ny‡i Ny‡i Pjv
Zvi MwZ Kvg|
myZivs Puv` †`Lv
Avi bv †`Lv
wKQy‡ZB nÕ†Z cv‡ibv
KviY C` I †QÔqvg|
†mUv mv‡n` ïay ZLb
†f` g‡g© wnmve c‡Î
wb‡`©wkZ cv‡e hLb|
AZGe, GK m¤cÖv‡qi
wn‡me Kiv igRvb
wKQy‡ZB n‡Z cv‡ibv
f‚-c„‡ôi me© fvlxi me© m¤cÖ`v‡qi
Avj−vni wb‡`©wkZ †QÔqvg|
†h‡nZz m„wó Zvi NyY©gvb
†MvjK †`vjK cÖKvi †f`
`~i wbKU †mŠiRMZ|
myZivs Kv‡iv igRvb, †deª“qvix,
Kv‡iv †cŠl gv‡n igRvb|
g›`vi b‡›` Q‡›` Q‡›`
†Nvwl‡q `vI Qv‡i Rvnvb|
hyw³ Zvi gvbeZvi DcKvi
Dcevm eªZ Avg‡j hvi|

AZGe, Aek¨ digvb&
gvby‡li Dci Avevngvb Kvj
me©Î aivavg †ivRv‡q igRvb|
kw³ mv‡a¨ g~j¨ `vb
Lv`¨ Zzj¨ GK wgQKxb
AwZwi³ A‡a©K jvfgvb|
G‡KB e‡j †d`Bqv‡q †QÔqvg
BnvI †ivRv`vixi
Aci GKwU KZ©e¨ Kvg|
Avgvi †`k, Avgvi fvlv, Avgvi gvwU, Avgvi wek¦vm,
Avgvi ag© i¶v gnvb I cweÎ Ges me©†kªó `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨
wnmv‡e hyM hyM a‡i we‡ewPZ n‡q Avm‡Q; myZivs Gev‡ii
msMÖvg †nvK ‡ivRvi ¯^ ¯^ gvm-Kvj avi‡Yi|
‡ivRvi ¸i“Z¡
Ôjvqvj−vK¡yg ZvËvK¡ybÕ (2:183) ‡hb †Zvgiv mshgx nI|
A_©vr Dcevm cvj‡Y msqgx n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i|
‡ivRvi ¸i“Z¡ Acwimxg| Dnv cÖK…wZi mv‡_ IrcÖ‡Zvfv‡e
RwoZ| MvQcvjv wbw`©ó GKwU gImy‡g cvZv †Q‡o w`‡q
Avevi bZzb †hŠeb jvf K‡i; gvwU wbw`©ó GKwU gImy‡g
Vb& V‡b ﮋ Rxe‡bi c‡i Avevi bZzb De©iv kw³ aviY
K‡i; wbw`©ó GKwU Kv‡j cvwb ﮋ n‡q hvq| P›`ª-m~h©
wbw`©ó GKwU mgq Av‡jv `vb eÜ iv‡L (MÖnb Kv‡j)|
hvewZq m„wói avivevwnK cÖev‡ni g‡a¨ wbw`©ó GKwU mgq
wKQy mg‡qi Rb¨ n‡jI Dnv‡`i avivevwnKZv cÖvK…wZK
Kvi‡YB e¨nZ nq ev e`‡j hvq|Ggb wK †gwkb cÎI
eQ‡i GKevi WvDb Ki‡j mv¤¢ve¨ wech©q I SzwK †_‡K
wKQyUv n‡jI wbivc` _vKv hvq|
Ae‡PZb ü`q-gb‡K †PZbvq Avbv Ges wb‡Ri Dci
wbqš¿b cÖwZôvi (Kzb dvBqvKzb) DËg cš’v Dcevm|
Dcev‡m Rxe‡bi Dcjwã, AbyfywZ †`‡ni KvQvKvwQ P‡j
Av‡m| A_©vr Dcevm eª‡Z msqgx n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i|Avi
cÖavbZ 24 N›Uvi wnmv‡e Avgiv †Kn D‡cvl _vwK bv; ïay
gvÎ Lvevi mgqUv D‡ë †`qv nq gvÎ|
AviI GKwU welq D‡j−L‡hvM¨ †h, gwnjv‡`i gvwm‡Ki

245

mgq bvgvR, †ivRv †_‡K weiZ _vKv ˆea bq| KviY
†Kviv‡b Ggb †Kvb weavb †bB Ges gnvbex †Kvivb j•Nb
K‡i wb‡R †Kvb weavb iPbv K‡ib wb e‡j †Kvbvi evi
evi mv¶¨ †`q| Dciš‘ Dnv mvavib Áv‡bi welq †h, H
mgq †ivRv bvgvR wbwl× n‡j †ivRv KvjxY mgq cvqLvbv
cÖkªveI wbwl× nIqv DwPr KviY Dnv gvwm‡Ki †P‡qI
bvcvK|
*
76 RvKvZ
ÔRvKvZÕ Aviex k‡ãi A_© h_vµ‡g: Purity, Justness,
Integrity, Justification, Vindication AZtci: Alms,
Charity, Tax ( Islamic Law) [ Ref: J N Cowan ] A_©:

cweÎ, b¨vqcivqY, mvay, avg©xK, mZ¨civqY, mZ¨ev`xZv,
c~Y©Zv; AZtci: wf¶v, `vb I Ki& (BmjvwgK AvBb)|
ÔRvKvZÕ A_©: e¯‘ wbh©vm, cÖe„w× I eiKZ| [`ª: AvaywbK
Aviex evsjv Awfavb; gywnDwÏb Lvb]
Dwj−wLZ AvwfavwbK A‡_©i Av‡jv‡K cÖPwjZ
ÔRvKv‡ZiÕ A_© wb®‹…q I A¯úó| wKš‘ Zvi e¨vL¨v [Zdmxi]
mwµq Ges mK‡ji Rvbv †h, AwR©Z I RgvK…Z †mvbvMqbv I A_© m¤ú‡`i 2.50% kZvsk wbKU Mixe AvÍxq,
cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx I GwZg, Amnvq gxmKxb‡`i cÖ`vb Kiv|
hv Dwj−wLZ cÖavb A‡_©i m‡½ m½Z bq| †R. Gb. KvDqvb
mv‡ne †k‡li 3wU A_©, h_v: wf¶v, `vb I Ki& wj‡L
eªv‡K‡U ÔBmjvgx AvBbÕ wj‡L‡Qb| A_©vr Dwj−wLZ A_©
3wUi c‡¶ Awfav‡bi †Kvb wfwË †bB, Z‡e kwiq‡Zi
Kw_Z cvwifvlxK wfwË Av‡Q| hw`I Avgiv ÔRvKvZÕ‡K
wf¶v, `vb ev Ki wnmv‡e ¯^xKvi Kwi bv| †Kbbv ÔRvKvZÕ
†`qvi Av‡M ev c‡i Avgiv Ki †`B, wf¶v †`B, `vbI
K‡i _vwK, ZvQvov Zv Rwigvbv wnmv‡eI ¯^xKvi Kwi bv|
KviY, GKB cvc Rxebfi Ki‡e, Avi eQi eQi GKB
cwigvY Rwigvbv †`‡e AZtci †e‡n‡¯—i c_I myMg n‡Z
_vK‡e! GUv Kv‡iv Kv‡QB MÖnY‡hvM¨ bq; †h‡nZz hviv cybt
cybt Cgvb Av‡b AZtci cybt cybt Zv A¯^xKvi K‡i

Zv‡`i †gvbv‡dK e‡j †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i Ges Zviv
wKQy‡ZB ¶gvi †hvM¨ bq [3: Bgivb-77; 4: wbQv-137]|
A_©vr RvKv‡Zi Dwj−wLZ e¨vL¨v I `jxq cwifvlv [weK…Z]
e¨ZxZ Dnvi †Kvb A_©B ¯^xK…Z bq| Dwj−wLZ 2 bs
Awfav‡b gywnDwÏb mv‡ne †h A_© Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb Zv KvDqvb
mv‡n‡ei cÖYxZ A‡_©i m‡½ Am½Z|
Dciš‘ Avgv‡`i cÖPwjZ e¨vL¨vi m‡½I AmvgÄm¨
e‡jB g‡b nq| Z‡e ÔcÖe„w×Õ A_©wU A_© c~Y©, hw` Zv Z¨vM
A‡_© eySvq|
ÔRvKvZÕ wK! †Kb †`B! Zvi welqe¯‘, D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨
wK! ‡Kviv‡b Dnvi nvi wbwÏ©ó †bB †Kb! wPiKvj Gi
cwigvY wbw`©ó †Kb! BZ¨vw`i †Kvb mnR, mijv_© bv
_vK‡jI kwiq‡Zi 5g ¯—¤¢ iƒ‡c †kvfv ea©b Ki‡Q|
†Kviv‡b ÔRvKvZÕ kãwU †ek wKQy Avqv‡Z e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q|
†mLv‡b mivmwi Ges cwi¯‹vifv‡e `ÕywU A‡_© e¨eüZ
n‡q‡Q:
1. †Kviv‡bi †hLv‡b ÔQvjvZÕ k‡ãi c‡iB ÔRvKvZÕ
kãwU e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, †mLv‡b Dnvi Abyev` bv K‡i
A_© Kiv n‡q‡Q ÔRvKvZ `vIÕ, ÔRvKvZ †`qÕ ev
ÔRvKvZ w`‡e|Õ D`vniY: ÔA AvwKgy”QvjvZ A
Zz¾vKvZÕ A_©: Ges bvgvR co Ges RvKvZ `vI|
2. ÔQvjvZÕ kãwU Qvov Ab¨ k‡ãi mwnZ ÔRvKvZÕ †hLv‡b
e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, †mLv‡b Dnvi A_© Kiv n‡q‡Q ÔcweÎÔ
[h_v_©]| D`vniY: ÔAj †nKgvZv A BDRvwK¡wngÕ A_©:
Ges Ávb-weÁvb wk¶v w`‡e Ges Zvnvw`M‡K cweÎ
Ki‡e|
3. BqvZjy AvjvBwng AvBqvwZbv A BDRvwK¡wngÕ A_©:
Avgv‡`i evYxmg~n [Ávb myÎ] †Zvgv‡`i wbKU Ave„wZ
K‡i I †Zvgvw`M‡K cweÎ K‡i|
4. Avjvg Zviv-- BDhvK¡zbv--BDhvwK¡ gvBqvkv-D--|
A_©: Zzwg wK Zv‡`i †`‡LQ? hviv wb‡R‡`i‡K ÔcweÎÕ
e‡j `vex K‡i? Dnv Aevš—i aviYv gvÎ| eis Avj−vn
hv‡K B”Qv Zv‡K ÔcweÎÕ K‡ib-|
5. K¡v` Avdjvnv gvb ZvRvK¡v| A_©: mvdj¨ jvf Ki‡e

246

‡h cweÎZv AR©b K‡i|
RvKvZ k‡ãi AmsL¨ e½vbyev` Rvbv m‡Ë¡I AÁvZ
Kvi‡Y Zv Qvjv‡Zi m‡½ MÖnY Kiv nqwb| ZvQvov `vI,
w`‡e, w`‡Z‡Q K_v¸wj †mLv‡b A¯úó| Avi ÔRvKvZÕ
k‡ãI Zvi Bw½Z enb K‡i bv| KviY kãwU cÖavbZt
wµqv evPK [wdj] bq eis ¸Y evPK [†QdvZ]|
Dwj−wLZ `yÕwU D`vni‡Y ÔRvKvZ `vIÕ Ges cweÎ K‡iÕ
A_© `yÕwU wfbœ ag©x| G‡Ki m‡½ Ac‡ii mvgÄm¨ †bB|
ZeyI hviv ÔRvKvZ w`‡jB cweÎ nqÕ Ggb hyw³ DÌvcb
K‡ib, Zv‡`i Aek¨B ÔRvKv‡ZiÕ e½vbyev` Ki‡Z n‡e;
Zvn‡j A_© `uvovq: ÔcweÎ w`‡j cweÎ nq [A¯úó] A_ev
Ôwf¶v [RvKvZ] w`‡j cweÎ nq, `vb [RvKvZ] Ki‡j cweÎ
nq, ÔKi [RvKvZ] w`‡j cweÎ nq| wKš‘ G fveaviv¸wj
cÖPwjZ e¨vL¨vq cÖgvY K‡i bv| Avi `vb, wf¶v me©`vB
Hw”QK I ¯^ZtdzZ© e‡jB Zv 2.50% kZvs‡k wPiKvj
wbw`©ó I eva¨Zvg~jK nIqvi hyw³ kwiqZ ev †Kvb
Av‡jgMYI ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv|
g~jZt ÔA AvwKgyQ&QvjvZ A Zz¾vKvZÕ A_©: cÖv_©bv
[bvgvR] ejer ivL‡jB cweÎZv AwR©Z nq ev cÖv_©bv
cÖwZwôZ ivL Ges BnvB cweÎZv| 2.50% A_© cÖ`v‡bi K_v
†Kviv‡b †bB| cÖv_©bv [bvgvR] gv‡bB Avj−vni ¸YMvb,
cÖksmv I AvbyM‡Z¨i kc_; AZtci PvIqv-cvIqvi
Av‡e`b wb‡e`b| cÖv_©bvi e³e¨, kc_bvgv¸wj ¯§iY †i‡L
Rxe‡bi ci‡Z ci‡Z Zv ejer †i‡L Pj‡jB cvc LÛb
n‡q cweÎ nIqv hvq| GKwU †QvÆ D`vniY j¶¨Yxq:
†Pvi Pzwi K‡i AcweÎ ev †`vlx nq, AZtci gwb‡ei
†ivlvb‡j c‡o fq-fxwZ, †kvK-Zvc wb‡q me©`v mš—¯¿
_v‡K, KLb aiv c‡o hvq; ZvB ü`q fiv nvûZvm, R¡vjvhš¿bv wb‡q me©`v cvwj‡q †eovq| wKš‘ †m hw` mnmv
gwb‡ei evwo wM‡q Pzwii m¤ú` †dir w`‡q A_ev gwb‡ei
¸Y KxZ©b K‡i ¶gv Pvq, Avi Pzwi bv Kivi kc_ K‡i Ges
Zv cieZ©x Rxe‡b i¶v K‡i P‡j Z‡e, mnmvB Zvi †kvK
Zvc, fq-fxwZ, ü`‡qi mg~n R¡vjv-hš¿bv †_‡K gyw³
†c‡q mvavi‡Yi gZ wbf©q, wb®‹jyl I mRxe n‡q D‡V; Aš—

Z †m Pzwii welq avg©xK n‡q D‡V; Zv‡K Avi cvwj‡q
†eov‡Z nq bv| ZLb gwb‡ei †ivlvbj GgbwK `qvq
cwiYZ nq| Gi bvgB ÔAvwKgyQ&QvjvZ A Zz¾vK¡vZ|Õ
¯‘wZev`, AvbyMZ¨ I kc‡_i bvg bvgvR Ges Zv i¶v K‡i
Pj‡jB cweÎ nIqv m¤¢e e‡U!
cweÎ nIqvi Avi GKwU myÎ: ÔAj †nKgvZv A
BDhvwK¡wngÕ A_©: Ges Ávb-weÁvb, Kjv-†KŠkj wk¶v
†`‡e Ges Zv‡Z cweÎ n‡e| ÔBqvZjy AvjvBwng
AvBqvwZbv A BDhvwK¡wngÕ A_©: Avgv‡`i myÎmg~n
†Zvgv‡`i‡K wk¶v †`q Ges cweÎ K‡i|
ev¯—weKB Ávb weÁvb myÎ I Kjv-†KŠkj gvby‡li
Afve I Pvwn`v cyiY Ki‡Z _v‡K e‡jB g°vi 1-3 gv‡mi
c_ 4 NÈvq G‡m‡Q, ¸nv R½‡ji gvbyl AvR Ab¨ MÖ‡nI
nvZ evwo‡q‡Q| Afve AcweÎ, Kj¼ I bvcvK †nZz
†Kviv‡b wek¦¯’ I mr cwikªgx‡`i m„wói †kªô e‡j
AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Q| [`ª:98: evB‡qbv-7]| c¶vš—‡i
cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ A_© m¤ú` Z‡ZvwaK AcweÎ I bvcvK| G
m¤ú‡`i MwZ [exchange] K‡¶ e›`x n‡q my` e¨emv‡K
BÜb RywM‡q‡Q, e¨w³ I mgvR‡K Afvex K‡i †i‡L‡Q,
Dbœq‡b cÖPÛ evavi m„wó K‡i †i‡L‡Q; Dciš‘ Zvi
wb‡RiI †Kvb Kv‡R jv‡M bv| ciš‘ AvÍxq ¯^Rb, cvov
cÖwZ‡ekxi Afve, †kvK, Zvc, nvnvKvi Ae‡k‡l kΓZvi
iƒc †bq, AZtci Akvwš— I Rxe‡bi ûgwK n‡q `uvovq|
--A BqvQvjybvKv -- ZvZvdvK¡vi“b| [ 2: evKviv219] A_©:-- †jv‡K †Zvgv‡K wRÁvmv K‡i, Kx Zviv e¨vq
Ki‡e? ej! hv AwZwi³| Gfv‡e Avj−vn& Zvi weavb
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ cwi¯‹vifv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡ib, hv‡Z †Zvgviv
wPš—v Ki|
AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K †gvm‡jg Z_v Av`k©evb‡`i
Rxe‡bi byb¨Zg Pvwn`v cyiY Qvov cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ A_©
m¤ú` aviY Z_v Avivg Av‡qk, †fvM wejv‡mi AwaKvi
†bB| cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ A_© m¤ú` gv‡bB A‰ea nvivg
m¤ú`| Zv A‡b¨i, hvi †bB Zvi| GRb¨ gnvbex ¯^qs Ges
Zvi QvnvevMY ¯^-¯^ AwZwi³ A_© m¤ú` miKvwi gvjLvbvq
Rgv †`b| GgbwK A‡bK Qvnvev wQ‡jb hviv mg~n ab-

247

m¤ú` evqZzj gv‡j Rgv w`‡q gvb‡eZi Rxeb aviY
K‡ib| gnvbex cÖkœ Ki‡jb, Ôwb‡Ri Rb¨ wK †i‡L
Avm‡j?Õ Dˇi ej‡jb, ÔAvj−vn I Zvi bexB Avgv‡`i
Rb¨ h‡_ó!Õ Gfv‡e cÖwZ ermi ¯^-¯^ AwZwi³ A_©-m¤ú`
evqZzjgv‡j Rgv n‡Z _v‡K; Avi ZvB e‡j gvÎ 23
erm‡ii g‡a¨B Avie †e`yCb‡`i g‡a¨ m¤ú‡`i N„Y¨
cÖwZ‡hvwMZv ¯—ä n‡q Z¨vM I †mevi cÖwZ‡hvwMZv cÖwZwôZ
nq; RbM‡Yi Rb¥MZ AwaKvi Lv`¨ evm¯’vb I wbivcËvi
mgZv w¯’wZkxj nq| d‡j `‡j `‡j †jvK Bmjv‡gi
QvqvZ‡j Avkªq wb‡Z _v‡K; iv‡R¨i mxgvbv Zwor †e‡M
cÖmvwiZ n‡Z _v‡K| hv gywó‡g‡q Avie‡`i Kw_Z 2.50%
kZvsk RvKv‡Z †Kvbw`bI m¤¢e wQj bv| Øx‡bi bex wewe
Lvw`Rv‡K we‡q K‡i Avi‡ei †kªô abx nb, c¶vš—‡i Zvi
Idv‡Zi ci mnvq-m¤úwË wnmve K‡i cvIqv hvq: 1wU
Zievix, 1wU Dôªx, 1wU eg©, GKwU A½yix I 1/2wU Rvgv
Avi GKLÛ `vb cÖvß Rwg|
AZGe, cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ nvivg ab-m¤ú` Z¨vM bv Kiv
ch©š—, AvÍxq-¯^Rb, cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx, eÜz-evÜe‡`i
mvnvh¨-mn‡hvwMZv Z_v Afve cyiY bv Kiv ch©š— Rxebfi
bvgvR †ivRv, AvKvi AvK„wZ‡Z gnvbexi bKj mvRv Ges
nvRvi n‡¾I Rvnvbœv‡gi nvZ †_‡K i¶v cvIqvi †Kvb
weKí †bB| Gm¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi eRª KwVb ûwkqvwi
j¶¨Yxq:
1. AvivBZvj−vRxbv--gvÕDb| [107: gvÕDb:1-7] A_©:
Zzwg wK Zv‡K wP‡bv? †h ag©‡K A¯^xKvi K‡i? †m H
e¨w³ †h Amnvq‡`i‡K Ab¨vqfv‡e Zvwo‡q †`q!
Afvex‡`i Afve cyiY K‡i bv! AZGe †kvPbxq Ae¯’v
†mB bvgvRx‡`i, hviv wb‡R‡`i bvgvR m¤^‡Ü †e‡Lqvj! Giv ïay bvgv‡Ri Awfbq [†jvK †`Lv‡bv] K‡i!
Giv cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv K‡i bv|
2. Avj nv-KzgyËvKv-Qyi-- AvwbbœvCg| [102: ZvKvQyi
1-8] A_©: †Zvgiv A_© m¤ú‡`i cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq g„Zz¨
ch©š— †gvnMÖ¯’ n‡q _vK| bv ! kxNªB Dnvi kvw¯— †fvM
Ki‡e| cybt ûwkqvi Kwi! Aek¨B Dnvi kvw¯— †fvM

Ki‡e| †ev‡av`q n‡j Aek¨B Dcjw× Ki‡Z|
AZtci †mw`b AwR©Z ab m¤ú‡`i welq Aek¨B
Awfhy³ Kiv n‡e|
3. ABjywj− Kzwj−-- dx Avgvw`gy¤§vÏv`vn| [104: ûgvhvn:
1-9] A_©: KwVb kvw¯— cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Rb¨ †h N‡i-evB‡i
ciwb›`v K‡i Ges †h abm¤ú` Kzw¶MZ K‡i I evi
evi ¸‡b †`‡L| †m aviYv K‡i, A_©-m¤ú`B Zv‡K
i¶v Ki‡e! wKš‘ Zv KLbB m¤¢e bq| †m Aek¨B
wbw¶ß n‡e ûZvgvq! ûZvgv wK Zv Rv‡bv ? Dnv
Avj−vni ˆZix hš¿Yv, hv ü`‡qi R¡vjv| wbðqB Dnv
Zv‡`i KwVbfv‡e wN‡i a‡i| [AvqvwU‡Z †`vh‡Li
wKQyUv cwiPq enb K‡i|]
4. Aj Avw`Bqv-- gv‡qwRj−vLvexi| [100: Avw`qvZ:
1-11] A_©: avegvb Ak¦-- gvbyl Aek¨B Zvi
cÖwZcvj‡Ki cÖwZ AK…ZÁ Ges Bnv †m Aek¨B
AewnZ| Ges †m m¤ú` cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq we‡fvi-|
c¶vš—‡i, ivRbxwZwe`, AvBbRxex, eyw×Rxex, Av‡jg,
cxi, e¨emvqx, mgv‡Ri mKj D”P †kªYxi †gvmjgvbMY
[mK‡j bq] †mevi bv‡g, ivRbxwZi bv‡g, a‡g©i bv‡g
Rxe‡bi hveZxq ag©-K‡g©i bv‡g †`‡ki I `‡ki ivkx ivkx
†mvbv Mqbv, A_© m¤ú‡`i cÖvmv`-cvnvo M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb|
Rxe‡bi cÖwZwU gyû‡Z© ¶gZv I A‡_©i cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq gË
i‡q‡Qb| Zviv fv‡eb A_© m¤ú`B Zv‡`i i¶v Ki‡e|
hw`I Zviv Rv‡bb †h, kvwš—-Akvwš—, Rxeb-g„Zz¨ GKB
N‡i, GKB †`‡n cvkvcvwk evm K‡i|
AvZk, evZ, Ave I LvK ev Av‡jv, evZvm, cvwb I
gvwUi ˆZwi gvbyl; w`b gRyi †nvK Avi ivRv-ev`kvB †nvK
Df‡qi †`‡ni Dcv`v‡b Ges Pvwn`vq wZj cwigvYI cv_©K¨
†bB; `yÕ‡Uv Aš—i, `yÕ‡Uv †cU-wcV Kv‡ivB †bB; mevi
ü`‡qI GKK cweÎ Avj−vn; AZGe cÖK…wZi `vb Av‡jv,
evZvm, gvwU, cvwbi Rb¥MZ AwaKvi I †fv‡Mi ew¯—MvQZjv Avi wek Zjvi cv_©K¨ aviY Kiv Pig Kzdzix|
cÖK…wZ cÖ`Ë¡ †bqvgZ¸wj wb‡q e¨emv-evwYR¨ P‚ovš— nvivg|
GKRb gvby‡li `iKvi GKwU K¶ c¶v c¶vš—‡i †m

248

`Lj K‡i‡Q 20wU ZvB 19 Rb Avcb ÁvwZ †Mvwôi AvkÖq
wb‡Z n‡q‡Q ew¯— ev MvQZjvq| wK‡mi hyw³ Ges †Kvb&
AwaKv‡i †eZb-fvZvi cv_©K¨ nq nvRvi †_‡K j¶
UvKvq! me©ÎB Ab-BmjvwgK A-mg e›U‡bi d‡j Avcb
K¶ GgbwK µq Kivi AwaKviI wPiZ‡i niY K‡i‡Q|
cÖavbZt ewÂZ m¤ú` webq K‡i PvB‡j nq wf¶zK, bv
e‡j wb‡j nq †Pvi, †Rvi K‡i wb‡j nq WvKvZ Ges G‡`i
kvw¯— Zr-bM`! wKš‘ a‡g©i bv‡g, RbM‡Yi gyw³i bv‡g,
†mevi bv‡g hviv cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ Ges Ah_v ivwk ivwk A_©
m¤ú‡`i cvnvo Mo‡Q, ivwk ivwk A_© †`k-we‡`‡k cvPvi
Ki‡Q! d‡j Avcb AwaKvi cybti“×v‡i wf¶zK, †Pvi,
WvKvZ nÕ‡Z hviv B›`b hywM‡q‡Q Zviv †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K
wbgK nvivg, †gvbv‡dK, cÖZviK I fÛ Kv‡di, m¤¢eZt
Avwg wb‡RI Zv‡`i GKRb|
BmjvwgK ev kvwš—ev`x ivó« A_ev ¯^vaxbZvi A_©
`vwqZ¡-KZ©‡e¨ cv_©K¨ hvB-B _vK wKš‘ †fv‡Mi Pzj‡Piv
mg AwaKvi Ri“ix; `vqxZ¡ hZ ev‡o AwaKvi, †fvM ZZ
Kg‡ZB n‡e, GUvB †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖavb gvcKvwV| cÖ‡Z¨K bexB
Zvi R¡jš— `„óvš—| wKš‘ eZ©gvb we‡k¦ cÖavbZt mgMÖ gymwjg
†`‡ki †bZv‡`i `vqxZ¡ hZ ev‡o AwaKvi I †fvM ev‡o
Zvi j¶-†KvwU ¸Y †ekx|
†fvUvwaKvi weªwUk Avg‡jI wQj, cvwK¯’vb Avg‡jI
wQj Avi mvgwiK kvm‡bi g‡a¨I _v‡K| cÖK…Zc‡¶ ¯^vaxb
n‡qwQ‡jb Kv‡q‡` AvRg, Avqye Luvb; Aa© †KvwU Rxeb
Avi bvix †e-B¾wZi ey‡K cv w`‡q ¯^vaxb n‡qwQ‡jb †kL
gywRe, wRqvDi ingvb, Gikv`, Lv‡j`v Avi nvwmbv
†eMg| Avi wØZxq ¯—‡i ¯^vaxb nb c`‡jnx gš¿x cwil` Ges
Z…Zxq †kÖYxi ¯^vaxb nb Zv‡`i †Pjv-PvgyÛ mvsm`MY;
RbmvaviY c~‡e© †hgb wQj AvRI †Zgb Av‡Q Ges
fwel¨‡ZI GgbB _vK‡e; hZw`b Zviv †Kvivb bv eyS‡e,
bv gvb‡e|
G gyû‡Z© K‡hK UzKiv mv`v Kvco Avi mv‡o wZb nvZ
RvqMvi AwaKv‡ii K_v ¯§iY K‡i †`kxq I Avš—R©vwZK
c evwl©Kx cwiKíbvq gv_v cÖwZ ¯’vb I Av‡qi mgZv
i¶v Ki‡j ey‡jU cÖ“d Mvwoi `iKvi nq bv; ˆmb¨ Avi

†Mvjv-evi“‡`i wcQ‡b we‡k¦i A‡a©‡KiI †ekx m¤ú` I
gbyl¨ i‡³i AcPq nq bv| BmivBj-c¨v‡j÷vBb, Kvk¥xi
Avi ag© mgm¨vmn GgbwK Avš—R©vwZK mKj mgm¨v gyû‡Z©i
g‡a¨ mgvav nq; ˆmb¨, †Mvjv-evi“` _vK‡e GKgvÎ
RvwZms‡Ni| hv‡nvK AwZwi³ PP©vi BwZ †U‡b eis g~j
c‡` wd‡i hvIqvB DwPr|
gnvbexi mgq Qvnvev‡`i ¯^-¯^ AwZwi³ mnvq m¤úwË
evqZzj gv‡j Rgv n‡Zv AZGe Zviv 2.50% kZvsk
RvKvZ †Kv_v †_‡K w`Z! Zv †f‡e †`Lv `iKvi| Gi
c‡iI hw` †KD e‡jb †h, ÒAek¨B gnv bexi mgq 2.50%
kZvsk ÔRvKvZÕ bv‡g cÖ`v‡bi weavb wQj Ges QvnvevMY
Zv cÖ`vb Ki‡Zb; hv evqZzj gv‡j Rgv n‡Zv|Ó Zv‡`i
†f‡e †`Lv `iKvi †h, H 2.50% kZvsk RvKvZ †`qvi
c‡i Avgv‡`i gZ cybt U¨v· w`Z wKbv! hw` bv †`q Z‡e
Avgiv µq U¨v·, weµq U¨v·, m¤úwË U¨v·, Avq U¨v·
BZ¨vw` bvbv ai‡Yi RvKvZ w`‡q _vwK, hv GKz‡b 2.50%
kZvs‡ki A‡bK A‡bK D‡a© Ges hv evqZzj gv‡jB Rgv nq
Ges RbM‡Yi Rb¨B Zv e¨wqZ nq| AZtci †ivRvi †k‡l
cybt 2.50% kZvsk RvKvZ †`qvi D‡Ï‡k¨ wK! hyw³B ev
wK! AZGe, gnvbexi mgq QvnvevMY RvKvZ I U¨v· `y‡UvB
w`‡Zb wK bv Zvi Awej‡¤^ †LuvR wb‡q wbwðZ DwPr|
Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi g‡Z cÖK…Z †gvm‡jg‡`i
mvgvb¨UzKzI cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ mnvq-m¤úwË _vK‡Z cv‡i
bv| AZGe Zviv †Kv_v †_‡K RvKvZ w`‡e! †Kv_v †_‡K
gy³ n‡¯— gmwR‡` AMÖxg `vb K‡i †gŠwLK †e‡n‡¯—i RvqMv
µq Ki‡e! †Kv_v †_‡K Avgv‡`i evwo-Mvwo, D‡ovRvnvR
fvov, gv`ªvmvi Puv`v, GwZg‡`i †`vnvB w`‡q wf¶v Kiv;
AZtci msmvi cvj‡bi bRivbv, m¤§vbx I Adziš— †fvMwejv‡mi †hvMvb †`‡e! †Kb †`‡e! AvgivB ev †b‡ev
†Kb! †h‡nZz †Kviv‡b Zv wbwl× I nvivg [`ª: evKviv:
174-176]| AwR©Z I RgvK…Z AwZwi³ A‰ea A_©m¤ú‡`i eQiv‡š— 2.50% kZvsk `vb K‡i, evKx 97.50%
kZvsk m¤úwË nvjvj Kivi myÎ Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji m‡½
Dcnvm I VvÆv-we`ª“c Qvov Ab¨ wKQy bq|
†Kviv‡bi Bs‡iRx Abyev‡` †Kv_vI ÔRvKvZÕ†K

249

Charity ejv n‡q‡Q| hvi g~jv_© gy³ n‡¯— wbt¯^v_© I
wbtkZ© mvnvh¨ Kiv| Kv‡`i‡K Ki‡e, ZvI †Kviv‡bi
AmsL¨ Avqv‡Z D‡j−L Av‡Q, [`ª: evKviv-177] Aek¨B
Avgv‡`i gZ ag©e¨emvqx‡`i bq! KvuvPv gmwR` cvKv Kivi
Rb¨ bq! AZGe gy³ n‡¯— mvnvh¨ Kivi A_© eQ‡ii wbw`©ó
mgq wbw`©ó nv‡i mxgve× n†Z cv‡i bv!
†Kvivb mvg¨ev‡`i †kªôZg D`vniY| mK‡ji `vwqZ¡ I
KZ©e¨ ¯^-¯^ Ávb, †hvM¨Zv I AwfÁZv Abyhvqx mr I cÖPÛ
cwikªg; mK‡ji AwaKvi †cU I wcV ch©š—, mgv‡b mgvb|
c¶vš—‡i cÖwZwôZ 2.50% kZvsk RvKv‡Zi QvqvZ‡j
mgv‡R cuywRev` Kv‡qg K‡i‡Q Avi my` e¨emv cÖwZwôZ
n‡q‡Q|
gy`ªvi cÖPjb n‡qwQj gvby‡li e„nËi Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨,
Kj¨vY n‡”QI| wKš‘ cywRev`, my` I †kvlY I mš¿vmev`
cÖwZôvq GB gy`ªv †kªô f‚wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Q| d‡j we‡k¦i
A‡a©‡KiI †ekx gvbyl Rb¥MZ AwaKvi, cÖ‡qvRbxq Lv`¨ I
evm¯’vb I wPwKrmv †_‡K ewÂZ i‡q‡Q| gy`ªv e¨e¯’v
Av`k©evb mykxj mgv‡R cÖ‡hvR¨! myZivs Ggyû‡Z© Aš—Z
wKQyKv‡ji Rb¨ n‡jI gy`ªv e¨e¯’v iwnZ Ki‡j mgv‡Ri
Amnvq, `ye©j, Mixe‡`i nviv‡bv b¨vh¨ AwaKvi cybt †dir
†c‡Z kw³kvjx f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Zv Ges Pµe„w× nv‡i my`
e¨emv iwnZ n‡Zv|
AZGe †`k I ag© †meKMY G¶‡Y Zv‡`i Kvwo Kvwo
A‰ea abm¤ú` Z¨vM K‡i AZtci Aby‡kvPbv, AbyZß n‡q
ÔAv`k©evbÕ n‡q, Z¨vM, †mev I Áv‡bi cÖwZ‡hvwMZv
Ki‡j, AwZ Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B gnvbexi cÖwZwôZ kvwš—
ev`x ivóª cybt cÖwZôv Kiv wewPÎ bq| Dciš‘ ciwb›`v,
†e-B¾wZ, Rxe‡bi SzuwK eûjvs‡k nªvm †c‡q AwaKZi
†cÖg-fv‡jvevmv gvb m¤§vb e„w× †c‡q Rxe‡bi wbivcËv I
DˇivËi †bZ…‡Z¡i †mvcv‡b GwM‡q †`‡e|
AvR‡Ki hveZxq Rb‡mev Z_v ag©-K‡g©i cÖavb I g~j
j¶¨ A_©| GB A‡_©i mxwgZ †fvM I AwaKv‡ii mxgvbv
wba©viY Ki‡Z cvi‡j Ab¨vq, wg_¨v, cÖeÂbv I Nylmn

mgv‡Ri 90% kZvsk hveZxq AbvPvi wbg©~j n‡Z cv‡i|
AZtci cÖkœ‡evaK cqmvq Nb Nb gmwR` DV‡e bv, [XvKv
ÔgmwR‡`i kniÕ bv‡g L¨vZ, kniwU Avevi mvgvwRK I
ˆbwZK Pig ÔAe¶‡qi kniÕ, ÔLy‡bi kniÕ BZ¨vw` bv‡gI
cwiwPZ e‡U!] Avj−vni Ni ÔgmwR`Õ gvby‡li bv‡g cwiwPZ
n‡e bv, gmwR‡`i bv‡gi †k‡l Ôwjwg‡UWÕ kãI em‡e bv,
gmwR` wb‡q LybvLywb, gvgjv-gKvÏgv, bvgvR, †ivR,
ag©Kg© wb‡q jvVv-jvwV, BZ¨vw` bvcvK, j¾vKi lohš¿
n‡e bv| we‡`‡ki cÖvq AwaKvsk gmwR` wb‡qB gvgjv
gKÏ©gv nq| gmwR` Avj−vni Ni, Gi wei“‡× gvgjvi
ev`x-weev`x DfqB gvbyl Ges Avj−vni N‡ii `vex`vi!
DfqB †k‡iKx e‡U!]
Rvgv‡Zi gZ GKwU my-k„sL¨wjZ `j G KvRwU Ki‡Z
cvi‡Zb| Zv‡`i †m my‡hvM wQj, A‡b¨i hv †bB| Aš—Z
wbR `‡ji †ivKb ch©š— †KvivbxK weavbwU ejer Ki‡Z
cvi‡j, †`Lv †hZ gnvbexi mg‡qi gZ `‡j `‡j †jvK
¯^Ztõz©Zfv‡e Rvgv‡Zi QvqvZ‡j Avkªq wb‡”Q| KvRwU
SzwKc~Y© bq, N„Y¨ ivR‰bwZK Bmy¨I bq; we‡`kx wf¶viI
`iKvi nq bv; eis A_©c~Y©, kvwš—c~Y©, bxie AvwÍK wRnv`|
Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_© a‡g©i bv‡g `j-Dc`j¸wj †kl
ev‡ii gZ welqwU wb‡q †f‡e †`L‡Z cv‡ib, †f‡e
†`L‡Z cv‡ib ‡iWµm, I AvB wm, B BD ev RvwZmsNI|
*
77 n¾ I †Kvievbx
[ZvwiL ˆea bq]
n¾ A_© : to overcome- defeat-, with arguments-,
with evidence-, to convince-, to make the
pilgrimage-, to dispute-, debate-, argue against each
other-, to allege in support or vindication-, plead to
vindication, justify-, to protest-, remonstrate-, the
official Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca-, Last month
of Islamic Calendar [Ref: Arabic-English

250

Dictionary; J. M. Cowan]

n¾ A_© : †ekx hvZvqvZ, msKíe× nIqv, Gev`‡Zi
msKí MÖnY K‡i cweÎ g°v MgY K‡i Avbymw½K KZ©e¨
mgvavb Kiv, hyw³-Z‡K© cÖvavb¨ jvf Kiv, RLg †mjvB
Kiv [`ª: ÔAvj& KvIQviÕ Aviex-evsjv Awfavb; gv:
gywnDwÏb]|
n¾ A_© : msKí Kiv, †Kv_vI hvIqvi B”Qv Kiv [`ª:
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl]
Ôn¾Õ k‡ãi Dwj−wLZ AmsL¨ A‡_©i g‡a¨ cÖPwjZ n‡¾
GKwU gvÎ A_©enb K‡i Zv n‡jv Zx_© hvÎv| Zx_© hvÎv
ej‡j GB hvÎvi ev¯—e D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨, `vqxZ¡ I KZ©e¨
Ges Zvi ˆewkó I djvdj Aek¨B _vKv DwPr Ges †m
g‡Z cÖPwjZ n‡¾ e¨w³i `vqxZ¡ bv _vK‡jI KZ©e¨ wbæiƒc:
diR:
1. Bnivg: nvivg avZz †_‡K Drcbœ, wbwl× Kiv,
msKí Kiv; [kãwU Lvwj Mv‡q aywZ Kvco
civi †Kvb A_© enb K‡i bv]| 2. Avivdv‡Z
DKzÕd: MwZ ¯’wMZ KiY, Ae¯’vb| 3.
ZvIqvdzÕj Bdv`: cwi‡eób, cÖ`w¶Y| 4.
Dc‡iv³ dih KvR¸wj ci ci †hfv‡e mgvav
Kivi wbqg iwnqv‡Q †mfv‡e Zvi&Zxe gZ
mgvav Kiv Ges 5. †h ¯’v‡b I †h mg‡q †h
KvR Kivi ûKzg †m ¯’v‡b I mg‡h †m KvR
Kiv|
IqvwRe:
1. gyh&`vwjdv‡Z DKzÕd (Ae¯’vb) 2. mvC: (†`Šov
†`Šwo Kiv) 3. ivg&wq: [wXj †Qvov] 4. ZvIqvdzj
Bdv`vi (cÖ`w¶b;7 cvK †Nviv) 5. nvj&K ev
ZvK&mxi (‡Kk gyÛb ev †Kk Lv‡Uv K‡i QvUv) 6.
wKivb (GKB mv‡R n¾ I Dgiv Kiv); ZvgvËz
(e`j mv‡R mw¾Z n¾ I Dgiv Kiv), 7. cv_i

Pz¤^b| [ `ª: ms. Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 1g I 2q LÛ]
[B`vwbs cv_i Pzgy nvwR‡`i fv‡M¨ Ry‡U bv]|
ms‡¶‡c n‡¾ wM‡q wbw`©ó ¯’v‡b _vKv, Kvco civ, gv_v
Kvgvb ev QvUv‡bv, cÖ`w¶Y, ‡`Šov-‡`Šwo, cv_i Pz¤^b,
cv_i wb‡¶c K‡i kqZvb gviv, cï nZ¨v, K‡qK Iqv³
bvgvR cov BZ¨vw`| Avi †dir G‡m KwZcq w`b N‡i e›`x
n‡q _vKv| GLv‡bB hveZxq n‡¾i mgvwß AZtci ‡emfylvq nvRx †LZvewU esk ci¯úivq ¯’vqxZ¡ jvf K‡i|
Avk¼v Kiv nq †h, cweÎ gK¡v bMix we‡k¦i mKj
kqZv‡bi AvÇvLvbv, ZvB wXj Qy‡o kqZvb †g‡i †djv
nq, Kvj cv_i [nR‡i AvQIqv`] Av`i Pzgy‡Z cvc Pz‡l
nvwR‡K cweÎ K‡i, AZGe Rxe‡bi hveZxq ¸bv gvd n‡q
hvq! `wjj wnmv‡e G aviYvi c‡¶ iwPZ n‡q‡Q AmsL¨
nvw`m †KZve|
n¾ m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi we‡kl D‡j−L‡hvM¨ AvqvZ:
1. A GR Rvqvjbv-- myRyw`b| [ 2: evKviv-125;
22: nv¾-26] A_©: Ges †mB mgq‡K ¯§iY Ki,
hLb Kvev M„n‡K gvbeRvwZi wgjb †K›`ª I
wbivcËv ¯’j K‡i wQjvg Ges e‡jwQjvg Ô†Zvgiv
Beªvnx‡gi `uvovevi ¯’vb‡KB mvjv‡Zi ¯’vb iƒ‡c
MÖnY KiÕ Ges Beªvnxg I BmgvCj‡K ZvIqvdKvix,
G‡ZKvdKvix, i“K‚ I wmR`vKvix‡`i Rb¨ Avgvi
M„n‡K cweÎ ivL‡Z Av‡`k w`‡qwQ|
mnR K_v: Ô†mB mgq‡K ¯§iY KiÕ A_©vr †cŠËwjK‡`i
wei“‡× Beªvwn‡gi Rxebe¨vcx msMÖv‡gi mdjZvi ci
KvevM„n ev ¯’vb‡K Avš—R©vwZK m`i `ßi Ges Dnvi wewaweavb †NvlYvi mgq‡K ¯§iY Ki| Kvev mgMÖ gvbeRvwZi
wgjb †K›`ª n‡e, A_©vr wek¦ `ievi, wek¦ G‡¯—gv ev gymwjg
RvwZms‡•Ni m`i `ßi e‡j MY¨ n‡e| GLvb †_‡KB wek¦
w`K wb‡`©kbv I wbqš¿Y Kiv n‡e| Beªvnx‡gi `uvovevi
¯’vb‡K Qvjv‡Zi ¯’vb MÖnY Kivi A_© Beªvnx‡gi cÖv_©bv ev

251

Qvjv‡Zi welqe¯‘ ev wbqg c×wZ,AvZ© I Av_© mvgvwRK
ixwZ-bxwZ Avš—R©vwZKfv‡e AbymiY Ki‡Z n‡e| g°vi
PZz¯úv‡k©i †jvK [ewntwek¦] ev ågYKvix, AvMÖnkxjMY
[ZvIqvdxMY], g°vi Awaevmx ev ¯’vbxqMY [G‡ZKvdKvixMY] mg_©K ev webxZMY [i“KzKvixMY] I m`m¨,
Cgvb`vi ev f³M‡Yi [‡mR`vKvixMY] hveZxq wbivcËv I
Kj¨vY weav‡bi Rb¨ GB m`i `ßi mZ¨, b¨vq I mwVK w`K
wb‡`©kbv w`‡e| Ges Dnvi mfvcwZ ev Bgvg n‡eb (Zr
mgq) h_vµ‡g Beªvnxg AZtci Zvi DËivwaKvix BmgvCj;
Zv‡`i `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ Avcvgi mK‡ji Rb¨ mgvb I b¨vh¨
AwaKvi, KZ©e¨ I b¨vqm½Z ¯^v_© msi¶Y [cweÎ ivL‡e]
Ki‡e|
[ÁvZe¨: Ôi“KzKvix‡`i m‡½ i“Kz Ki ev †mR`vKvix‡`i
m‡½ †mR`v Ki;Õ AvqvZwUi g~j Ôi“Kz-‡mR`vÕ kã؇qi
Abyev` KLbI Kiv nq bv| kwiq‡Zi `„wó‡Z Abyev` nIqv
DwPr, †hgb: Aa© wbwgZ‡`i [†bvqv ev AvÂwjK fvlvq
Avàv †`qv e‡j] m‡½ Aa© wbwgZ nI Ges (Aóv‡½)
cÖvwbcvZx‡`i [Dcyo nIqv ev gvwU‡Z Kcvj †Qvqv‡bv]
m‡½ cªvwbcvZ Ki| Dwj−wLZ Abyôvb¸wj,A_©vr H i“Kz‡mR`v Bûw`, L„óvb GgbwK †cŠËwjKMYI K‡i _v‡Kb|
AZGe cÖPwjZ Abyev‡` AvqvZwU‡Z Zv‡`i mv‡_B i“Kz
†mR`v Kivi Av‡`k w`‡q‡Q e‡j hyw³ cÖ`k©b Ki‡j Dnv
LÛb Kiv kwiq‡Zi c‡¶ m¤¢e bq! GRb¨B Abyev`KMY
B”QvK…Zfv‡eB GiKg AmsL¨ Aviex k‡ãi Abyev` K‡ib
bv|
c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, †KvivbB bq †h‡Kvb fvlvi
cÖ‡Z¨KwU k‡ãi kãv_©, mijv_© I gg©v_© DfqB _v‡K Ges
gg©v_© ev mvi A_©B †Kviv‡bi cÖavb welqe¯‘| AZ¨š— mnR
D`vniYwU c~be©vi j¶bxq: ÔZzwg wKQy‡ZB g„Z‡`i‡K ïbv‡Z
cvi‡e bv|Õ [bgj-80,81; iƒg-52,53] giv jvm †h
ïb‡Z cvq bv ev ïb‡Z cv‡i bv Zv wkïI ey‡S, cvMj,

Kv‡diMYI ey‡S, myZivs Avj−vni bexI eyS‡Zb| ZeyI
Awn K‡i ej‡Z n‡jv †Kb! g~jZt Bnvi gg©v_©: ee©i, g~L©,
Kv‡di‡`i hZB ïbv‡Z, eySv‡Z †Póv Ki wKš‘ Zv‡`i‡K
wKQy‡ZB ïbv‡Z cvi‡e bv; A_©vr Zviv gvb‡eB bv| myZivs
GLv‡b Ôg„Z‡`i ïbv‡Z cvi‡e bvÕ evK¨wUi gg©v_© ‡h Ô†R›`v
Kv‡diMYÕ Zv‡Z Kv‡iv m‡›`n _vKvi K_v bq; wKš‘ we‡k¦i
†Kvb Awfav‡bB GB A_© Ly‡R cvIqv Aev¯—e; eis wecixZ
A_© cÖKvk Ki‡e! Gi bvgB Ô†gvZvmv‡envZ|Õ †Kvb
Awfavb ev m„ó fvlvq mvi ev gg©v_© cÖKvk Ki‡Z cv‡i bv;
Zvi Ab¨Zg KviY ¯’vb, Kvj I cvÎ †f`| ü`‡qi fve,
D”Qvm ev †kvK Zvc KZUzKzB ev fvlvq cÖKvk Kiv hvq!
AZGe AvqvZwUi mvi A_© n‡jv: f`ª, bgª, Av`k©,
wb‡ew`Z mg_©K I f³‡`i m‡½ wg‡jwg‡k GKK bxwZi
Aax‡b GKZve× n‡q _vK; KviY GKZvB ej&|
2.
Bbœ”Qvdv-- Avjxg| [ 2: evKviv-158] A_©: Ômvdv
I gviIqvÕ Avj−vni wb`k©b mg~‡ni Ab¨Zg|
myZivs †h †Kn Kvev M„‡ni n¾ wKsev Dgiv m¤úbœ
K‡i GB `yÕwUi g‡a¨ hvZvqvZ Ki‡j Zvi †Kvb
cvc bvB Ges †Kn B”QvK…Zfv‡e mrKg© Ki‡j
Avj−vn cyi¯‹vi `vZv me©Á|
mnR K_v: ÔDgivÕ A_© ågY ev †eov‡bv, Ny‡i †eov‡bv|
c~bt ¯§iYxq †h, †Kviv‡bi †h ‡Kvb Abyev‡` we‡kl K‡i
e½vbyev‡` ¸i“Z¡c~Y© AwaKvsk Aviex k‡ãi A_©
m‡›`nRbK Kvi‡Y e½vbyev` bv K‡i eis Aviex bZzev
cvim©x, DÏ©y ev wnw›` fvlvq Abyev` K‡i‡Qb| AZtci
ÔBmjvgx ev kwiqwZ cwifvlvÕ bv‡g byZb GK dw›`
Avwe¯‹vi K‡i Dnvi †`vnvB w`‡q kwiq‡Zi AvKviAbyôv‡bi c‡¶ kãwUi gbMov e¨vL¨v Ry‡o w`‡q †Kvivb‡K
mvavi‡Yi Kv‡Qi `~‡f©`¨ K‡i Zz‡j‡Qb| D`vniY †Rnv`
†_‡K ïi“ K‡i, Rb¥ †_‡K g„Zz¨ ch©š— ag©xq hveZxq AvPviAbyôv‡b ‡h ‡Kvb e½vbyev‡` GgbwK wek¦‡Kv‡li cÖ‡Z¨KwU

252

Aviex k‡ãi kwiqwZ cwifvlv bv‡g mv¤cÖ`vwqK mgw_©Z
`yÕb¤^ix Awfavb Pvjy Av‡Q; Dciš‘ c`¨vKv‡i wjwLZ
†Kviv‡bi evYxi M`¨vbyev‡` ev‡K¨i g~jv_© I D‡Ïk¨ mnR
I mijfv‡e cÖKvk Ki‡Z B”Qvq ev Awb”Qvq ‡KnB mvnmx
nbwb! eis Awfavb AbymiY K‡i‡Qb Ges †hLv‡b `wjq
g‡Zi c‡¶ Awfav‡bi mg_©b cvbwb, †mLv‡b ÔkwiqwZ
cwifvlvÕi †`vnvB w`‡q Abyev` I Zvi c‡¶ Zdwmi
K‡i‡Qb: Dgiv, evqZzj−v wRqviZ, AZtci (†QvU) n¾
[meB Aviex kã] BZ¨vw` D‡j−L‡hvM¨ |
g~jZt evK¨wUi mvi A_©: hviv Beªvnx‡gi bxwZ ev msweavb
¯^xKvi K‡i Ges †mB bxwZi Dci Kv‡qg _vKvi ¯^xKv‡ivw³
ev kc_ [n¾] Kivi Rb¨ Kvevq nvwRi nq Zviv ci‡`kx
n‡qI Avi‡ei wewfbœ ¯’vb åg‡Yi AwaKvi Av‡Q, AZGe
KZ©„c‡¶i evav †`qvi AwaKvi †bB| Zviv me©¯^ Z¨vMx
wewe nv‡Riv Ges Zvi wkï mš—v‡bi Rxeb MÖvmx wec‡`i
mgq ˆah¨©, ü`q we`viK KvKzwZ-wgbwZ I cÖv_©bv Ges Zvi
ev¯—e djvdj gš’b K†i Zv wb‡Ri ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡bi Dci
cÖfve †d‡j DcK…Z n‡Z cv‡i; ÁvbvR©‡b HwZnvwmK
¯’vb¸wj cwi`k©b K‡i DcK…Z n‡Z cv‡i| Avqv‡Z
Dwj−wLZ Ômvdv gviIqv hvZvqv‡Z cvc †bB,Õ A_©vr
Avi‡ei wewfbœ AÂj ¯^vaxbfv‡e ågb Ki‡Z cvi|
Avie‡`k we‡k¦i mK‡ji Rb¨ Db¥y³ _vK‡e (I‡cb †óU,
I‡cb †UªW)| g°vi Ab¨vb¨ cvnvo ev ¯’v‡b hvZvqvZ ev
ågY Ki‡Z cvc Av‡Q e‡j †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI D‡j−L †bB
Ges cvc n‡e e‡j Av‡jgMYI wek¦vm K‡ib bv; nvwRMY
Avjer Zv K‡iI _v‡Kb| myZivs e„× eq‡m `yB cvnv‡o
cÖPwjZ †`Šo cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi †Kvb welqe¯‘ †bB e‡jB g‡b
nq|
3.
A AvwZ¤§yj nv¾v-- GKve| [2: evKviv-196]
A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni D‡Ï‡k¨ n¾ I Dgiv cvjb
Ki, wKš‘ †Zvgiv hw` evavcÖvß nI Z‡e mnRjf¨

Kzievbx KwiI| ‡h ch©š— Kyievbxi cï Dnvi ¯’v‡b
bv †cuŠ‡Q †Zvgiv g¯—K gyÛb KwiI bv| †Zvgv‡`i
g‡a¨ hw` †Kn cxwoZ nq ev gv_vq ‡K¬k _v‡K Z‡e
wmqvg ev Kzievbxi Øviv Dnvi wd`qv w`‡e| hLb
†Zvgiv wbivc` n‡e ZLb †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †h e¨w³
n‡¾i cÖv°v‡j Dgiv Øviv jvfevb n‡Z Pvq ‡m
mvaviY Kzievbx Ki‡e| wKš‘ hw` †Kn Dnv bv cvq
Z‡e Zvnv‡K n‡¾i mgq 3 w`b Ges M„‡n †divi
ci 7w`b GB 10 w`b wmqvg Ki‡Z n‡e| Bnv
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ hv‡`i cwiRbeM© gmwR`yj
nviv‡gi evwm›`v b‡n| Avj−vn‡K fq Ki Ges
Rvwbqv ivL ‡h, Avj−vn g›` K‡Ri cÖwZdj `v‡b
K‡Vvi|
mnR K_v: Avj−vni D‡Ï‡k¨ wKQy Kivi A_© Avj−viv‡¯—,
wdQwewjj−vn A_©vr wbt¯^v_© I wbtkZ© mvnvh¨-mn‡hvMxZv
Kiv ev wb‡ew`Z cÖvY nIqv|
†m_vq wM‡q Beªvnx‡gi ixwZ-bxwZ, msweavb †g‡b Pjvi
cÖwZÁv [n¾] Ki| Avi‡ei h_v ¯’v‡b Ny‡i †eovI [Dgiv]|
†mLv‡b Dcw¯’Z nÕ‡Z AcviM n‡j h_v m¤¢e Puv`v ev
Dcnvi mvgMÖx †cuŠ‡Q `vI; e¨w³ ev `wjq weK…Z hvewZq ag©
wek¦vm Z¨vM K‡i Beªvnx‡gi ag© bxwZi AvbyM‡Z¨i cÖgvY I
cÖZxK gv_v gyÛb; Rb¥MZ AwaKv‡i †cU I wc‡Vi mg e›Ub
Z_v mg AwaKv‡ii msKí avi‡Yi cÖwZK GKB gv‡bi I
gv‡ci GKB Kvco aviY| A_©vr GKB gvbe cwiev‡ii
m`m¨‡`i g‡a¨ abx I Mixe kãØq wPiZ‡i gy‡Q †djvi
kc_ MÖnY|
GB Avš—R©vwZK kc_ mgv‡e‡k Dcw¯’Z we‡`kxMY m½Z
Kvi‡Y nvw`qv ev Dcnvi mvgMÖx w`‡Z Amg_© nÕ‡j `yÕwU
wbw`©ó mgq 3+7 †gvU 10w`b Dcevm cÖvqwðË K‡i
m‡¤§j‡bi cÖ¯—vweZ I Aby‡gvw`Z ixwZ bxwZi cÖwZ
AvbyMZ¨ cÖgvY Ki‡Z n‡e|

253

GLv‡b D‡j−L‡hvM¨ welq nj †h, cï nZ¨v †nvK wK nvw`qv
ev Puv`vi K_vB †nvK Zv †Kej n‡¾ hviv Dcw¯’Z _v‡Kb,
GKgvÎ Zv‡`i Rb¨B weavbwU cÖ‡hvR¨, Ab¨‡`i Rb¨ bq|
Ô†KvievbxÕ kãwU we‡klfv‡e Av‡jvP¨ welq, kãwU †h
‡Kvb Abyev‡` hÎ-ZÎ AmsL¨ e¨envi †`L‡jI g~j
†Kviv‡b wKš‘ kãwUi e¨envi G‡Kev‡iB weij; mgMÖ
†Kviv‡b gvÎ wZb evi kãwU e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, Qyiv 5: 27,
3: 183 I 46: 28 bs ev‡K¨ Ô‡KvievbÕ kãwU Av‡Q wKš‘
ZvR¨‡ei welq †h, H wZb ¯’v‡bI cï nZ¨vi K_v ejv
nqwb; ‡mLv‡b cÖ_g `yÕwU Avqv‡Z kãwUi Abyev` bv K‡i
eis mivmwi ÔKzievbÕ Ges 46: 28 bs Avqv‡Z Ômvwbœa¨Õ
Abyev` e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q| Awfav‡b Kzievb A_© h_vµ‡g:
Dcnvi, DrmM©, Z¨vM I ˆbKU¨| [`ª: Aviex evsjv Awfavb;
gv: gywnDwÏb Lvb; Aviex-BsivwR Awf`vb; †R Gb, KvDqvb;
†Kvivb e½vbyev`, BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb; msw¶ß Bmjvgx
wek¦‡Kvl|]
cï ev cï nZ¨vi K_v Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z G‡Kev‡iB †bB;
ÔcïÕ kãwUB †bB| AviI D‡j−L‡hvM¨ †h, 5 bs AvqvZwUi
Abyev‡` PviwU RvqMvq Ô†KvievbxÕ kãwU e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q
wKš‘ †Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Z GKwU eviI D‡j−L †bB! Z`¯’‡j
Av‡Q Ônvw`qvÕ I ÔbvQvL, byQyL;Õ h_vµ‡g Dnv‡`i A_©:
Dcnvi, mb¥vbx ev Puv`v; `qv, Z¨vM, `vbKvi, nvwR‡`i
AvbyôvwbK Z¨vM BZ¨vw`|[`ª: Aviex-BsivwR Awfavb; †R,
Gg KvDqvb] Ges kwiqwZ Awfav‡b ÔbyQyLÕ Gi A_©
K‡i‡Qb: †Kvievbx, †Kvievbxi Rš‘, Kvco ay‡q cweÎ
Kiv BZ¨vw`| [Aviex-evsjv Awfavb; gv. gywnDwÏb Lvb]
4. Avj nv¾y-- Avjev‡e| [2: evKviv-197] A_©:
n‡¾i gvm¸wj mK‡jiB Rvbv Av‡Q| †h †Kn GB
gvm¸wj‡Z n‡¾i B”Qv K†i Zvi Rb¨ ¯¿x-mnevm,
Ab¨vq AvPiY I Kjn-weev` ˆea b‡n| †Zvgiv DËg
Kv‡Ri hv wKQy Ki, Avj−vn Zv Rv‡bb Ges †Zvgiv

cv‡_q m‡½ wbI †R‡b †iL ZvKIqvB †kªô cv‡_q| †n
ÁvbxMY! †Zvgiv Avgv‡K fq Ki|
mnR K_v: kc_ [n¾] Abyôv‡bi gvm¸wj m¤^‡Ü mK‡ji
Rvbv Av‡Q| †Kn n‡¾ [kc_ Abyôv‡b] iIqvbv nIqv †_‡K
A_©vr wbqZ †_‡K ïi“ K‡i Avg„Zz¨ ch©š— wg_¨v, Ab¨vqAZ¨vPvi, AwePvi, ‡jvf, wnsmv, †gvn, †µva, †h‡Kvb
ai‡Yi A‰ea †hŠbvfve, A‰ea bvix †fvM BZ¨vw` hveZxq
Mwn©Z KvR Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv, GB kc_bvgv A½xKvi K‡i
cieZ©x Rxe‡b Dnv i¶v K‡i Pjv ev aviY K‡i _vKvB
n‡¾i cÖavb ˆewkó, †hvM¨Zv I m¤^j| Ô¯¿x mnevmÕ ej‡Z
ˆea ¯¿x mnevmI eySvq wKš‘ ÔivdvQvÕ kãwUi A_© ‰ea ¯¿x
mnevm bq eis Ak−xjZv, KvgvZzi; A‰ea †hŠb Kg©, hv‡K
Ô†RbvÕI ejv nq| AZGe ¯^ ¯¿xi †¶‡Î kãwU cÖ‡hvR¨
nÕ‡Z cv‡i bv| kwiq‡Zi aviYv †h, n‡¾i wbqZ Kiv
†_‡K mgvwß ch©š— ¯^ ¯¿xmnevm Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| wek¦vmwU
m¤ú~Y© hyw³nxY, KviY ‡Kn 6 gvm †_‡K Aš—Z GK-`yB
ermi c~‡e©B n‡¾ wbqZ K‡i ax‡i ax‡i cÖ¯‘Z n‡Z
_v‡Kb| myZivs H `xN© Kvj ¯¿x Kv‡Q _vK‡ZI mnevm
Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv, Zv hyw³m½Z bq! eZ©gv‡b H wek¦vmwU
cwi‡kvab K‡i ejv nq †h, n‡¾ iIqvbv nIqv †_‡K
mnevm Ki‡Z cvi‡ebv| wKš‘ iIqvbv n‡q †M‡j
¯¿xmnev‡mi my‡hvMB ev _v‡K †Kv_vq! myZivs kwiq‡Zi
Abygvb¸wj Aevš—i Ges wkï myjf e‡U!
5.
dv GRv-- `ybBqv| [ 2: evKviv-200] A_©:
AZtci hLb †Zvgiv n‡¾i Abyôvbvw` mgvß
Ki‡e ZLb Avj−vn‡K Ggbfv‡e ¯§iY Ki‡e †hgb
†Zvgiv †Zvgv‡`i wcZ…cyi“l‡K ¯§iY K‡iv A_ev
Z`‡c¶v †ekx--|
mnR K_v: n‡¾i M„nxZ hveZxq `vqxZ¡ I KZ©e¨ A_©vr
kc_bvgv †kl K‡i we`v‡qi c~‡e© mw¤§wjfv‡e kc_ ev¯—
evq‡bi j‡¶¨ AvÍ kw³ AR©‡b KwVb a¨vb Zcm¨vq gMœ

254

‡_‡K Beªvnx‡gi Rxebv`k© gš’b Ki‡e Ges wd‡i G‡mI
Abyiƒc j‡¶¨ AUj _vK‡e| cÖPwjZ nvwRMY †`‡k wd‡i
mvgwqK Kvj N‡i Ave× n‡q _v‡K e‡U AZtci cye©er
A_ev Z‡ZvwaK cv‡c wbgw¾Z nq| GB KwZcq w`‡bi
bvUKxq e›`x evm Zvrch©nxY|
6.
wd †n-- ZvAvjvgyb| [ 3: Bgivb-96,97] A_©:
gvbe RvwZi Rb¨ me©cÖ_g †h M„n cÖwZwôZ nq Zv
GB evK¡vq Bnv eiKZgq I wek¦ RM‡Zi w`kvix|
Dnv‡Z A‡bK my¯úó ¯§„wZ RwoZ Av‡Q Beªvwn‡gi
Av¯—vbvq| Ges †h †Kn †m_vq cÖ‡ek K‡i †m
wbivc`| gvby‡li g‡a¨ hvi †mLv‡b hvIqvi mvg_©
Av‡Q, Avj−vni D‡Ï‡k¨ H M„‡ni n¾ Kiv Zvi
Aek¨ KZ©e¨ Ges †Kn cÖZ¨vL¨vb Ki‡j †m †R‡b
ivLyK Avj−vn wek¦ RM‡Zi gyLv‡c¶x b‡n|
mnR K_v: BU-cv_‡ii GKwU Ni wek¦ gvb‡ei kvwš— I
gyw³i w`kvixi A_© g~jZt H NiLvbv‡KB eySvqwb, KviY
Zv‡Z Avj−vni GKZ¡ev‡`, bex-ivQyj, ‡Kvivb BZ¨vw`
¸i“Z¡nxb n‡q c‡o Ges cv_i ev gywZ©ev‡` AbycÖvYxZ K‡i;
AZGe H NiLvbv‡K †K›`ª K‡i Beªvwn‡gi hveZxq ag©v-ag,©
Kg©v-Kg©,ixwZ-bxwZi BwZnvm †ivgš’b I Zvi cÖYxZ
MVbZš¿ ev msweavb AbymiY I cybtcÖwZôvB wek¦ RM‡Zi
w`kvix e‡j AwfwnZ Kiv n‡q‡Q|
avivwU Giƒc †h, RvwZms‡N †hB XyK‡jv †mBB wbivc`
n‡jv| Zvi A_© G bq †h, RvwZm‡•Ni Awd‡m GKevi
XyK‡Z cv‡jB AvRxeY wbivc` _vKv qvq| Av‡iv cwi¯‹vi
I wbwðZ K‡iB e‡j †`qv n‡q‡Q †h, Kvev wek¦ RM‡Zi
w`kvix, Bn RM‡Zi ev¯—e Kj¨vYKvgx; †e‡n¯—, ciKvj ev
ciRM‡Zi w`kvix e‡jwb!
ïay N‡ii g‡a¨ cÖ‡ek Ki‡jB cvc ¶gv I kvwš— cÖwZwôZ
nIqvi †Kvb ˆeÁvwbK,Ava¨vwZ¡K ev †KvivwbK hyw³ cÖgvb
†bB| KviY H N‡iB †cŠËjxK‡`i 360wU g~wZ© wQj A_P

gywZ©¸wj †Kvb bexi Avg‡jB wbivc` wQj bv;
Avey‡h‡njMY Anin H N‡i cÖ‡ek Ki‡Zb Ges
†cŠËwjK‡`iB AwaKv‡i wQj| ZvQvov cÖwZwôZ GwR`
†Mvwôi kvlYvg‡ji †Kvb GK mgq †_‡K A`¨vewa H N‡i
†Kvb nvwRi cÖ‡e‡ki c_ iƒ× n‡q Av‡Q; GKgvÎ †mŠw`
ivRv e¨wZµg n‡jI wZwb †Kvb Ae¯’v‡Z wbivc` bb
e‡jB AvcY Rxeb-‡hŠeb, †fvM I ¶gZvi wbivcËvi
Rb¨, ¯^-RvwZ †_‡K AvZ¥ i¶vi Rb¨ Zv‡`iB iwPZ
kwiq‡Zi `„wó‡Z Kv‡di (?) Z_v weag©x‡`i fvov K‡i
†`vÕg~Lx ev ¯^ ¯^xK…Z †gvbv‡dK n‡q fxZ-mš¿¯’ I nZvm
RxeY hvcb Ki‡Qb!
†mLv‡b hvIqvi mvg_© _vKvi g~j A_© cÖavbZt A_©-m¤ú`B
bq eis Áv‡b, ¸‡Y ag©fxi“Zv I wbt¯^v_© ag© ‡mevi Ges
cÖavbZt kc_ i¶v Kivi mvg_©; A_©vr wb‡Ri ev †`‡ki
wbt¯^v_© cÖwZwbwaZ¡ Kivi Dchy³ _vKv|
7.
RvAvjv-- Avjxg| [5: gv‡q`v-97] A_©: cweÎ
KvevM„n, cweÎ gvm, Kzievbxi Rb¨ Kvevq †cªwiZ
cï I Mjvq gvjv cwiwnZ cï‡K Avj−vn gvby‡li
Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ K‡i‡Qb; Bnv GB †nZz †h,
†Zvgiv †hb Rvb‡Z cvi hv wKQy Avmgvb I Rgx‡b
Av‡Q Avj−vn Zv Rv‡bb Ges Avj−vn me© wel‡q
me©Á|
mnR K_v: evK¨wU‡Z cweÎ kãwU †bB Av‡Q nvivg A_©:
wbwl× ev msiw¶Z; Kzievbxi Rb¨ †cÖwiZ cï, Mjvq gvjv
cwiwnZ cï Av‡`Š ‡mLv‡b †bB, cïi †Kvb wPýI †bB;
Av‡Q Ônvw`qvÕ [cyi¯‹vi Dc‡XŠKb ev Dcnvi ev Puv`v] I
ÔKvjvAv‡q`vÕ A_©: cy®ú,cÎgvjv,AN© ev nvi,†eox|
AZGe AvqvZwUi A_© GgbI n‡Z cv‡i †h, wbw`©ó gv‡m
msiw¶Z Kvevq cÖvß msiw¶Z Dcnvi, Dc‡XŠKb mvgMÖx
mvaviY gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ msiw¶Z _vK‡e| Z‡e
Dcnvi UvKv-cqmv, †mvbv-Mqbv, gvjv-nvi BZ¨vw`i gZ

255

cïI Dcnvi wnmv‡e Avm‡Z cv‡i Ges Zrmg‡q Avi‡e
m¤ú` wnmv‡e cïi f~wgKv wQj ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ges ARmª †jvK
mgvM‡g cï nZ¨v n‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e Avqv‡Z †h cïi K_v
D‡j−L †bB Zv Ab¯^xKvh©¨|
8.
A AvRvby-- Avjxg| [9: ZIev-3] A_©: gnvb
n‡¾i w`e‡m Avj−vn I Zvi ivQy‡ji c¶ †_‡K
gvby‡li cÖwZ Bnv GK †NvlYv ‡h, Avj−vni mwnZ
gykwiK‡`i †Kvb m¤úK© †bB Ges Zvi ivQy‡ji
mwnZI b‡n; †Zvgiv hw` ZIev Ki Z‡e
†Zvgvw`‡Mi Kj¨vY n‡e; Avi †Zvgiv hw` gyL
wdivI Z‡e †R‡b ivL †h, †Zvgiv Avj−vn‡K nxb
ej Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv; Ges Kvwdiw`M‡K gg©š‘`
kvw¯—i msev` `vI|
9.
A Avw¾b-- dvw¾b AvwgK| [22: nv¾-27]
A_©: Ges gvby‡li wbKU n¾ Gi †NvlYv K‡i `vI,
Dnviv †Zvgvi wbKU Avm‡e c`eª‡R I ¶xYKvq
[`ªZMvgx] evn‡b P‡o, Bnviv Avm‡e `~i-`yivš—i
c_ AwZµg K‡i--|
mnR K_v: KvevNi †h AvR‡Ki RvwZms‡Ni gZ KvR
Ki‡e, `ywbqvi mg-Abymvwi, Cgvb`vi, f³‡`i
[m`m¨‡`i] AvBb cÖbqY K‡i wbqš¿Y, i¶Yv-‡e¶Y I w`K
wb‡`©kbv w`‡e D³ AvqvZØq Zvi Rjš— mv¶x| AnsKvix,
ee©i, `yÕg~‡Lv g~L©iv Aby‡kvPbv, AbyZß n‡q [ZIev] GB
`߇ii Aaxb bv n‡j,m`m¨ bv n‡j Zv‡`i m‡½ Avi
†Kvb m¤úK© _vK‡e bv|
10. Qy¤§v-- AvwZK| [22: nv¾-29] A_©: AZtci
Zviv †hb Zvnvw`‡Mi Acwi”QbœZv `yi K‡i Ges
Zvnvw`‡Mi gvbZ c~Y© K‡i Ges ZvIqvd K‡i cÖvPxb
M„‡ni|
mnR K_v: Zviv †hb cÖ¯—vweZ I Iqv`vK…Z AvBb-Kvbyb I
wewa-wb‡la cvjb Z_v Iqv`ve× wba©vwiZ Puv`v cÖ`vb

[nvw`qv] K‡i ‡`vl ev `vq gy³ _v‡K [Acwi”QbœZv `~i] Ges
AvRxeb BnviB Aby‡gvw`Z msweav‡bi Aaxb ev g~Lv‡cLx
[ZvIqvd] n‡q _v‡K|
11. jvK¡yg -- evBwZj AvwZK| [ 22: 33] A_©: G me
(†Kvievbxi) cïi g‡a¨ wbw`©óKvj ch©š— †Zvgv‡`i
Rb¨ bv bv DcKvi i‡q‡Q| Zvici Dnv‡`i
(†Kvievbxi) RvqMv n‡e cÖPxb N‡ii (Kvevi)
Kv‡Q|
12. AwjKz‡j−-- gyL‡ewZb| [22: nv¾- 34] A_©:
Avwg cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi Rb¨ Kzievbxi wbqg K‡i
w`‡qwQ hv‡Z Avwg Zv‡`i Rxe‡bvcKiY ¯^iƒc †h
me PZz®ú` Rš‘ w`‡qwQ †m¸wji Dci Avj−vni bvg
D”PviY K‡i| †Zvgv‡`i Bjvn& GK Bjvn&, myZivs
ZviB wbKU AvÍmgc©Y Ki Ges mymsev` `vI
f³MY‡K|
mnR K_v: 12 bs G Aviex ÔBRjybÕ ev ÔAvRvjybÕ
h_vµ‡g Dnv‡`i A_©: †`ix‡Z cwi‡kva‡hvM¨, fwel¨rKvj,
eb¨ Mi“, mgq mxgv, AeKvk, Rxebvemvb, KviY| [`ª:
Aviex-evsjv Awfavb, gv. gywnDwÏb Lvb|] wKš‘ ‡Kn
Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Ô‡Kvievbxi cïÕ Avevi †Kn Aviex
kãwUi Aviex Abyev` K‡i‡Qb ÔAvbAvgÕ (`ª: BmjvwgK
dvD‡Ûmb cÖKvwkZ †Kvivb)|
H GKB Avqv‡Z c‡ii kãwU Av‡Q Ôgv‡nj−ybÕ hvi A_©:
eܨv ¯¿x‡jvK, f~wgLÛ, cwiKíbv, gZje, Pµvš—, ﮋZv,
Abve„wó, (Lv‡`¨i) `y®cÖvc¨Zv, †KŠkj, kVZv, cÖeÂbv
BZ¨vw`| [`ª: Aviex-BsivwR Awfavb; †R, Gg KvDqvb]
Aviex kãwUmn cÖvq Abyiƒc kã¸wji A_© †`qv n‡jv hv‡Z
cvVKMY AvqvZwUi mwVK Abyev` D×vi Ki‡Z cv‡ib:
gvnvjyb= Ae¯’vb ¯’j, †`vKvb, e¨emvqxi M`x; gvnvj
Qvivdv=
e¨vsK,
A_©
Av`vb
cÖ`vb
†K›`ª;
gv‡nj−vZzb/gv‡njyb= †Kvievbxi Rš‘ R‡en Kivi ¯’vb,

256

†Kvievbxi wba©vwiZ mgq; gywnj−yb= nvivg‡K nvjvj
we‡ePbvKvix, nviv‡gi mxgv j•NbKvix, Iqv`v
Ae‡njvKvix; gvnjyb= cÖZvibv, AbvPvi, K‡VviZv,
`~wf©‡¶i eQi, `~wf©¶ cxwoZ GjvKv; gvnjyb/†gnvjyb=
†PvMjLyix Kiv BZ¨vw`| [`ª: AvaywbK Aviex-evsjv
Awfavb; gv. gywnDÏxb Lvb]
12 I 13 Dfq Avqv‡ZB ÔKzievbxÕ kãwU †bB, Av‡Q
ÔgvbQvKÕ Dc‡i Av‡jvwPZ ÔbyQyLÕ Gi cwiewZ©Z kã; A_©:
K‡Vvi mshgx, Z¨vMx, †hvMx, mvaK ev Zvcm;
A_©vr Avj−vn cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi D`vi ev gy³ n‡¯— Puv`v cÖ`vb
Ges †fvM-wejv‡m K‡Vvi mshgx I Z¨vMx n‡q mK‡ji
Lv`¨-Lv`K, Mevw` m¤ú`, mK‡ji mg-AwaKvi
eva¨Zvg~jK; GB Av‡`‡ki Dc‡i mK‡j wewµZ ev
AvÍmgwc©Z n‡q _vK‡e BnvB f³‡`i Rb¨ ¯’vqx kvwš—|
BnvB mK‡ji GKK Avj−vni GKK wb‡`©k mgMÖ f³‡`i
Rb¨ |
ZrKv‡j Mevw`cïB wQj gvby‡li †kªô I AvKl©Yxq m¤ú`
ZvB H m¤ú‡`i Dc‡i KwVb mshgx ‡_‡K Avcb Avcb
hveZxq m¤ú` Avj−vni bv‡g A_©vr civ‡_© DrmwM©Z
_vK‡e| †hgb ÔgmwR` Avj−vni NiÕ [Bgvg mv‡ne `Lj
K‡i Av‡Qb e‡U!] g~jZt ïay gmwR`B Avj−vni bq eis
m„wó Am„wó mewKQyB Avj−vni, hv †hLv‡b Ges hvi
Aax‡bB _vKzK bv †Kb Rb¥ I Rxe‡bi cÖ‡qvR‡b mK‡ji
`vqxZ¡ I KZ©‡e¨ †f` _vK‡jI ‡fv‡Mi AwaKvi mgv‡b
mgvb, BnvB Avj−vni bv‡g ïi“ Kivi A_©, A_©vr Ôciv‡_©Õ|
13 bs Avqv‡Z Aviex ÔAvbAvgÕ ev cï kãwU Av‡Q, ïay
cïB bq Avgv‡`i LvIqv †_‡K Rxe‡bi LywU-bvwU mg~n
KvR-Kg© Ges g„Zz¨ ch©š— mewKQyB Avj−vni bv‡g K‡i _vwK
Ges Ki‡Z nq ; f³MY A_©vr Bgvb`viMY Gfv‡eB Avj−vni
wb‡`©‡ki Dci mw¤§wjZfv‡e AvÍmgwc©Z n‡q wg‡j wg‡k
_vK‡e Ges DnvB gnv kw³ I Kj¨vY A_©vr GKZvB gnv

kw³| Rvgv‡Zi bvgv‡Ri g~j Zvrch© GUvB; wKš‘ kwiqZ
ev`kvnx nvivevi f‡q mvßv‡n GK w`b ev K‡qK wgwbU
Rvgv‡Z i“Kz-‡mR`vi g‡a¨B Av‡ó-c„‡ó †e‡a †d‡j‡Qb|
mK‡ji Avj−vn hLb GK, mewKQyB hLb Avj−vni, †cU I
wc‡Vi Pvwn`v, †e`bv hLb GKK; ZLb †hvM¨Zv Abyhvqx
mK‡ji `vqxZ¡, KZ©e¨ n‡jI AwaKvi I †fvM mgv‡b
mgvb nIqvB ‡Kviv‡bi A‡gvN weavb; Ges G hyw³-cÖgv‡bi
wei“‡× Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K Kv‡iviB †Kvb hyw³ †bB, ZeyI
Zviv gvb‡Z ivwR bb|
13. jvB Bqvbvjv-- gyn‡Qbxb| [22:nv¾-37] A_©:
Avj−vn&i wbKU Dnv‡`i †MvkZ Ges i³ †cuŠQvq bv
eis †cuŠQvq †Zvgv‡`i ZvKIqv| Gfv‡e wZwb
Bnvw`M‡K †Zvgv‡`i Aaxb K‡i w`‡q‡Qb hv‡Z
†Zvgiv Avj−vni †kªôZ¡ †NvlYv Ki GRb¨ †h, wZwb
†Zvgv‡`i c_ cÖ`k©b K‡i‡Qb, myZivs Zzwg
mymsev` `vI mvaK ˆeÁvwbK‡`i| [mr
cwikªgxw`M‡K|]
mnR K_v: Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Ô†Mv¯— I i³ Avj−vni wbKU
†cuŠQvq bv; Ô†cuŠQvqÕ kãwU †Kviv‡b †bB; †Kviv‡b Aviex
kã Ôbv-jybÕ A_©: eLwkm, †Qvqve; A_©vr cï nZ¨vi
wewbgq Avj−vi Kv‡Q †Kvb eLwkm ev †Qvqve †bB;
AvqvZwU cÖKv‡k¨ Ges `„p K‡Ú, mnR mij fvlvq Avj−vn
†NvlYv K‡ib †h, a‡g©i bv‡g †Mv¯—, i³ A_©vr cï nZ¨v
Avj−vn MÖnY K‡i bv, Avj−vn Zv Pvq bv, Zvi cÖ‡qvRb †bB,
Zvi AcQ›`; Avj−vn Pvq gvby‡li ZvKIqv GKgvÎ BnvB
Avj−vni cQ›`bxq Ges BnviB wewbgq Zvui Kv‡Q eLwkm
Av‡Q; myZivs wbZvš— cÖ‡qvR‡b cï nZ¨v Ki,†Mv¯— LvI
wKš‘ ‡cŠ³wjK-c¨vMY, Avey‡h‡njx‡`i gZ Ace¨vq, Ah_v
cï nZ¨vi ûwj †Ljvq gvwZI bv|
KviY-AKviY ev D‡Ïk¨-we‡aq hvB _vK! fviZ miKvi
AKvZ‡i cï nZ¨v hÁ wbwl× K‡i cÖKvivš—‡i Avgv‡`i

257

Rb¨ eûZ eûZ †Qvqv‡ei KvR K‡i‡Qb e‡jB Dwj−wLZ
Avqv‡Z mvw¶ †`q|
ÔZvKIqvÕ kãwU Dwj−wLZ 5bs Avqv‡ZI e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q;
ejv n‡q‡Q †h n¾ MgYKvixi cÖavb cv‡_q n‡”Q ZvKIqv|
ZvKIqv A_©: mZK©Zv, fxwZ, KwVY mshgx, m¼í i¶‡Yi
¶gZv AR©b; A_©vr Dc‡ivwj−wLZ hvewZq kc_ bvgv aviY,
ev¯—evqY I ci‡Z ci‡Z i¶Y; kc_ åó ev †gvbv‡dK bv
nIqvi KwVY mZK©Zv Aej¤^‡bi `„p g‡bvej I ˆPZb¨
ÁvbB ZvKIqv| GRb¨ cÖ‡qvRb mZZv, KwVY cwikªg I
GKwbó mvabv| GB ¸Y ev AvbweK kw³¸wjI Avj−vn
gvby‡li Aaxb K‡i w`‡q‡Qb, AvqË¡ Kivi myÎ evZ‡j
w`‡q‡Qb; ZvB B”Qv Ges †Póv _vK‡jB m¤¢e; myZivs
Avj−vni †kªóZ¡Zv ¯^xKvi Ki, K…ZÁZvi mwnZ ¯‘wZev`
Ki|
cybt cybt ¯§iYxq †h, ÔBwbœ hv‡qjyb wdj Av‡Ø© LwjdvÕ
gvbyl Avj−vni cÖwZwbwa, ZvB gvbyl AvØ© ev hvewZq e¯‘i
AwaKZ©v; G `y‡qi gv‡S Z…Zxq †Kvb e¨w³Z¡ †bB| ïay cïB
gvby‡li Aaxb bq, P›`ª-myh©, MÖn-b¶Î, nvRvi M¨vjvw·,
e−vK †nvj, weM e¨vsM hvewZq m„ó e¯‘B Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b
gvby‡li Aaxb, gvby‡li B”Qv I †Póv-cÖ‡Póvi Aaxb;
myZivs gvÎ cï Aaxb K‡i w`‡q Avj−vni †kªóZ¡ `vex Kiv
Ges Zv mg_©b Kiv AÁvbZv I AK…ZÁZvi cwiPq|
kwiq‡Zi cwifvlvq: †h‡nZz Avgiv ‡Mv¯— †L‡q †dwj; ZvB
Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i `„p wek¦vm ‡h, wks, †jvg I Lyi Avgiv
hLb LvB bv, ZLb DnvB Avj−vni `iev‡i Aek¨B †cuŠ‡Q
hvq! bZzev †Kb ej‡jv †h, Ô†Mv¯— I i³ Avj−vni `iev‡i
†cuŠ‡Q bv!Õ myZivs wks, †jvg I Lyi Avj−vni `iev‡i
†cuŠ‡Q Ges †e‡n‡¯—i IKvjwZ K‡i!Õ, ZvB ZvMov Mi“i
†jR a‡i cyj QyivZ cvi n‡e! ‡jvg, wks Avi Lyi gvby‡li
Rb¨ †e‡n‡¯—i mycvwik Ki‡e e‡j Qwnn nvw`m iwPZ
n‡jv! Avi GK`j c~e© †_‡KB Mi“i weóv `Lj K‡i

Av‡Qb! cïi weôvi cÖ‡jc w`‡j Ni-evox cweÎ nq!
ˆ`evr ag© wei“× K_v-KvR K‡i †dj‡j cwigvY gZ cïi
weôv †meb K‡i cÖvwðË ev †Zvev K‡i ‡kªó m„w÷
Avkivdzj gvLjyKvZ cweÎ nq!!
cvVK‡`i mnR cÖvc¨ I weZK©-evovevwo Govevi Rb¨ n¾
I †Kvievbxi cÖvq AwaKvsk AvqvZ Dc‡i ewY©Z n‡q‡Q;
Dnvi gvÎ 12, 13, 14 I 15bs Avqv‡Z cï Ges cï
nZ¨vi Bw½Z cvIqv hvq gvÎ| c~‡e©B ejv n‡q‡Q †h,
ZrKvwjb Avie‡`‡k Mevw` cï mnvq m¤ú‡`i g‡a¨
¸i“Z¡c~Y© e‡j MY¨ n‡Zv, Avi Lv`¨-Lv`K wnmv‡e AvRI
¸i“Z¡c~Y© fzwgKv cvjY Ki‡Q †nZz Dcnvi, bRivbv, Z¨vM,
nvw`qv, bvQvK BZ¨vw` A‡_© cïB AMÖwaKvi †c‡Zv,
AvaywbK hy‡M Z¨vM A‡_© †hgb evox-Mvox, ‡mvbv-Mnbv,
bM` A_©B cÖvavb¨ cvq| ZrKv‡j gi“fywgi †`k,
Lv`¨vfv‡ei †`k g°vq n‡¾ `~i `yivš— †_‡K AvMZ
AMwYZ gvby‡li mgvMg †nZz we‡`kx‡`i Lv`¨ mgm¨vB wQj
cÖavb Ges Dcnvi wnmv‡e Avm‡Zv cÖPzi cïI| AZGe
†mLv‡b wbtm‡›`‡n cï nZ¨v n‡Zv Ges Zvi gyj j¶¨
Dcw¯’Z mK‡ji cÖvK…wZK Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq ¶zav wbe„wË gvÎ;
Dnv‡Z Avj−vni mš‘wó ev †e‡n¯— cÖvwßi †Kvb AvjvgZ
†bB|
14. Aj ey`bv-- ZvmKzi“b| [22: nv¾- 36] A_©: Ges
DU¸wj Avj−vni wb`k©‡bi Ab¨Zg; †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨
Dnv‡Z g½j Av‡Q| myZivs mvwie×fv‡e `Ûvqgvb
Ae¯’vq Dnv‡`i Dci †Zvgviv Avj−vni bvg jI|
hLb Dnviv KvZ n‡q c‡o hvq ZLb †Zvgiv Dnv
Avnvi Ki Ges Avnvi KivI ˆah©kxj AfveMÖ¯—‡K,
¶zav_©‡K| Gfv‡e Avwg †Zvgv‡`i AbygwZ w`‡qwQ
hv‡Z †Zvgiv K…ZÁ nIqvi my‡hvM cvI|
mnR K_v: Avqv‡Z DU, DU¸wj, Dôªx, `y¤^v, Mi“-QvMj ev
cï BZ¨vw` bvg D‡j−L †bB! Z‡e ciewZ© evK¨vs‡k cïi

258

AvjvgZ Av‡Q e‡U! wKš‘ ‡Kviv‡b e¨eüZ kãwU n‡jv:
ey`bv, ev`ybv, ev`vbv, ev`vb, ev`vbx ev e`b; A_©
h_vµ‡g: †gvUv nIqv, AZ¨vwaK †gvUv, gUKz, †gvUv †ivM,
kixi, †`n, ˆ`wnK, ev¯—e BZ¨vw`| [`ª: Aviex-BsivRx
Awfavb; †R, Gb, KvDqvb|] ev`vbyb A_©: ai& kixi| `ª:
Aviex-evsjv Awfavb, gv. gwnDwÏb Lvb|] AZtci
Bmjvgx cwifvlv bv‡g kwiqv wfwËK A_©: ev`vbyb-kixi,
†`n; ey`byb- †Kvievbxi DU| [`ª: †Kviv‡bi Awfavb,
nv‡dR gywbi DwÏb Avn‡g`|] GLv‡b Ô‡Kvivevbxi DUÕ
evK¨wU †Kv_v †_‡K kwiqZ Avg`vbx Ki‡jv! †Kb Ki‡jv!
Zvi †Kvb hyw³ cÖgvb †bB|
‡Kviv‡b A‡nZzK cï LyY K‡i Avj−vi mš‘wó ev †e‡n¯—
cÖvwßi †KvbB mv¶x-cÖgvb †bB| Z‡e †jvK mgvM‡g Lv`¨
NvUwZ cyi‡Y AMZ¨v cï nZ¨v m¤¢e Ges n‡Zv| ev¯—e
D`vniY ¯^iƒc †h †Kvb cxi evevi Ii‡k, †QvU eo
mgv‡e‡k cï nZ¨vi D‡Ïk¨B g~j D‡Ïk¨| Aeva Rxe nZ¨v
Avj−vn mivmwi cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i‡Qb|
cÖPwjZ n¾-‡Kvievbx wm‡bgv bvU‡Ki gZ Aev¯—e ee©i
Abyôvb me©¯^ gvÎ; †Kviv‡bi m‡½ Zvi †Kvb m¤úK© †h
†bB Zv cvVK gvÎB G¶‡Y Zv ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z evav †bB; Avi
cÖK…Z a‡g©i hvewZq K‡g©i mZ¨v-m‡Z¨i hyw³i hyw³ n‡jv
cix¶xZ gvbe Kj¨vY; A_©vr Av‡`k-Dc‡`‡k ev¯—weK Ges
¯’vqx gvbe Kj¨vY cÖgvwbZ n‡j, DnvB a‡g©i Kg© Ges K‡g©i
ag©; hv ‡Kviv‡bi gZB mZ¨ I cweÎ|
wm‡bgv-bvU‡Ki wKQy djvdj _vK‡jI kwiq‡Zi
Abyôvbvw`i Ace¨vq I ¶wZ Qvov †Kvb cix¶xZ GgbwK
A¯’vqx Kj¨vYI 14k erm‡i cÖgvwbZ nqwb, n‡e bv| ZeyI
KvíwbK ¸bv gvd I †e‡n‡¯— Aev‡a †fv‡Mi jvjmvq ev¯—
e mgvR Rxeb wecbœ K‡i †KvwU †KvwU wbixn cï nZ¨vi
†nvwj †Ljvq gymwjg wek¦ AvR g`gË| GB A‰ea, Ab¨vq,
AcPq I AgvbweK, cvkweK AZ¨vPvi †_‡K gyw³ †c‡Z

Aejv cïiv wK Avj−vni `iev‡i dwiqv` K‡i bv!
nvivgx Av‡qi wKQy Ask A_ev mvgvb¨ nvjvj wf‡U-gvwU
weµq K‡i, mš—vb‡`i wfLvix K‡i gK¡vq hvB Pzj †dj‡Z,
cv_i Pzl‡Z, cweÎ (!) fywg i‡³i ûwj †Ljvq bvcvK
Ki‡Z! Avi ZviB Abymi‡Y cïi i‡³ iwÄZ nq mgMÖ
gymwjg wek¦! cvwjZ nq Avš—R©vwZK cï nZ¨v w`em!
nvRx Ges cï LyYxMY wbR‡K cÖkœ K‡iB n¾-‡Kvievbxi
†Qvqve-dwRjZ m¤^‡Ü wbwðZ nÕ‡Z cv‡ib, wbwðZ nÕ‡Z
cv‡ib eZ©gvb Kw_Z gymwjg †`k ev we‡k¦i Ki“Y,
AcgvbRbK ‡kvPbxq Ae¯’v †`‡L|
ÁvbxMY †Kb fv‡eb bv †h, n‡¾ hveZxq ¸Yv gvc hw`
n‡qB _v‡K! Z‡e nvwRMY †dir G‡mB GKRb wb¯‹jyl
wb®úvc `y‡a †avqv gvmyg †gvm‡jg! wK K‡i cybivq Ab¨vq
AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi, my`-Nyl, †Rbv, ag© e¨emv BZ¨vw`
hveZxq ¸Yv Kv‡R wjß n‡Z cv‡i! ‡Kvivb †Q‡o wK K‡i
`yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ AbymiY Ki‡Z cv‡i! eis c~‡e©i ¸Yv gvd
n‡q‡Q GB wg_¨v Kíbv K‡i wd‡i G‡m Z‡ZvwaK cvc
Kv‡R e¨vc„Z n‡q mgv‡R ‡Mvj‡hvM d¨vrbv-dvQv` e„w×
K‡ib| G‡ZI wK cÖgvY nq bv †h cÖPwjZ n‡¾ ¸Yv gvd
nqwb Ges nq bv!
cÖvK…wZK m¤ú‡`i N„Y¨ AcPq Avš—R©vwZK AvB‡b Z_v
Avj−vni AvB‡b `Ûbxq Aciva hv Ab¨ †Kvb a‡g© bwRi
†bB|
ÔcweÎ ¯’vbÕ ej‡Z eis H ¯’v‡b cweÎ gvbylwU KZ©„K cÖYxZ
mve©Rbxb Kj¨vYKi msweavb‡KB †h eySvq GB mnR I
mvaviY K_vwU Avj−vgv, Ava¨vwZ¡K cxiMY AÁvZ Kvi‡Y
eyS‡Z Pvb bv! AvRI eyS‡eb bv| kwiq‡Zi Kv‡Q
†Kviv‡bi †P‡q cweÎ e¯‘ `ywbqvq wØZxq Avi wK Av‡Q! hv
cvK-bvcvK mevi N‡i N‡i Ae¯’vb!
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ n‡¾i kãv_© Ges Avqv‡Z ewY©Z n‡¾i
cÖK…Z D‡Ïk¨, j¶¨ I ˆewkó Av‡iv wek`fv‡e eY©bv bv

259

K‡i ms‡¶‡c AvR‡Ki RvwZmsN, †iWµm, BBwm,
IAvBwm BZ¨vw` wewfbœ gvbevwaKvi ms¯’vi D`vniYB
h‡_ó e‡j g‡b Kiv hvq| hw`I ms¯’v¸wj KwZcq †fvMx,
`yivPvi, cÖZviK, mš¿vmx ¶gZva‡ii Ace¨env‡i cÖK…Z
Kvh©µg AbeiZ e¨nZ n‡”Q|
Bûw`MY we‡k¦i †h †hLv‡bB _vKzK Avi †h †`‡kiB
bvMwiK †nvK bv †Kb, Zv‡`i Av‡qi GKwU Ask Ônvw`qv‡KvievbxÕ BmivB‡j cvVv‡bv eva¨Zvg~jK Ges cÖ‡Z¨‡KB
weavbwU a‡g©i ¸i“ `vqxZ¡ g‡b K‡i| G Kvi‡YB ¶z`ªvwZ ¶y`ª
Rb †Mvwôi GKZvq M‡o D‡V‡Q wekvj A‡_©i fvÛvi| ZvB
¶z`ªZi †`kwU we‡k¦i cÖavb ¶gZvai ‡`kwUi Nv‡o em‡Z
m¶g n‡q‡Q| ‡Zvivn ev †Kviv‡b ‡NvwlZ n‡¾i GKwU
gvÎ w`K wb‡`©kbv Bûw`MY cy‡ivcywi MÖnY K‡i cÖavbZt
GKwU `dvq wbæ ewY©Z †Kviv‡bi †NvlYv mgybœZ †i‡L‡Q:
†n BmivBj RvwZ! Avgvi cÖ`Ë¡ `vb‡K [‡bqvgZ] ¯§iY Ki
hØviv Avwg †Zvgvw`M‡K fzwlZ K‡iwQ Ges we‡k¦ mK‡ji
Dci ‡kªôZ¡Zv w`‡qwQ [2: 47, 40, 122; 44: 32]
cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi A_©:-- ‡kªôË¡Zv w`‡qwQjvg| wKš‘
Avqv‡Z eZ©gvb/fwel¨r wPý Qvov †mLv‡b AZxZ wPý
†bB| ZvÕQvov ¯úl©KvZi Aviex e¨KiY e¨wZ‡i‡K ev¯—‡e
LÛ-weLwÛZ gymwjg we‡k¦i w`‡K ZvwK‡q †`L‡jB Zvi
mZ¨v-mZ¨ Dcjwã Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i e‡U! wKš‘
BmivBjx‡`i AwZwi³ evovevwo Kg©‡`v‡l wØZxq ev‡ii
gZ fyga¨ mvM‡i Wy‡e hvIqvi mgq Avmbœ e‡j ‡cÖibvcÖvß
gywReyj n‡Ki Dw³! [`ª: †cÖibvevbx; c„:31]
c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, ÔGLv‡b Avmvi †hvM¨Zv hvi Av‡Q
†m †hb Aek¨B kc_ [n¾] K‡i|Õ wKš‘ hvi †hvM¨Zv Av‡Q
†m †hb †Kvievbx K‡iÕ Ggb K_v †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI †jLv
†bB| Avi †hvM¨Zv ej‡Z Ôci‡nRMvix†KB †kªôZg
†hvM¨Zv e‡j Avj−vn †NvlYv K‡ib| AZGe wbZvš— Ávbxwkw¶Z avwg©K, kc_ i¶vq mvg_©evb Qvov n‡¾ [kc_

Abyôv‡b] hvIqvi Ab¨ Kv‡iv †hvM¨ZvI †bB, AwaKviI
†bB; hZB †m m¤ú`kvjx †nvK bv †Kb| n¾ kãwUi GK
A_©I ZvB: The official Muslim Pilgrimage to Mecca
[J .M Cowan]. AZtci Dc‡ivwj−wLZ Aewkó BsivRx
A_©¸wj j¶¨ Ki‡j Ggb GKwU ms¯’v‡K eySvq, Ggb Ávb¸Y m¤úbœ e¨w³‡K eySvq whwb Avcb I †`‡ki cÖwZwbwa
wnmv‡e hveZxq mgm¨v DÌvcY Ges Zvi mgvavb K‡i
†`‡ki mg~n Kj¨vY mvab Ki‡Z m¶g|
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm g‡ZI Kvev N‡i XzwK‡q erm‡i `yÕPvi
nvRvi †jvKI hw` hveZxq Ab¨vq AwePvi bv Kivi msKí
[n¾] K‡i Ges Dnv ev¯—‡e i¶v K‡i P‡j Z‡e 5 erm‡ii
g‡a¨ 20 nvRvi cÖK…Z avwg©K ev mr †jvK †ei nq; G‡`i
ga¨ †_‡K RvwZq msm‡` 3 kZ mr m`m¨ _vK‡j AwP‡iB
cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`k we‡k¦i †kªôZg Av`k© I DbœZ GgbwK †e‡n¯—
Lvbvq cwiYZ K‡i n‡¾i ˆewkó cÖgvb Ki‡Z cv‡i|
ch©vqµ‡g mg¯— wePviK, AvBbRxwe, miKvix Awdm
Av`vjZ I mwPevj‡qi Aš—Z †WcywU †m‡µUvix ch©š—,
†mbvevwnbxi †gRi ch©š—, cywjk wWcvU©‡g‡›Ui I, wm ch©š—
Abyiƒc msK‡íi AvIZvq G‡b, gyû‡Z©i Rb¨I †hb
msKí fz‡j bv hvq, Zvi cÖwZK ¯^iƒc AwZ ¶z`ªKvq
†Kvivb Mjvq Szwj‡q msKíKvix ev nvRxi ˆewk‡ói
¯^v¶i enb Ki‡Z cv‡i| Bnv Nyl, Ab¨vq AwePvi †_‡K ¯^
¯^ we‡eK‡K AZš¿ cÖnix wnmv‡e e¨RwU [wmj&] A‡bK
mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i, Z‡e Dnv mvgwqK n‡jI AvR‡Ki
mgv‡R abš—ix dj e‡q Avb‡Z cv‡i!
Dwj−wLZ k‡Z© GKRb Kv‡di-‡gvbv‡dK ev wejyßcÖvq ¯^‡NvwlZ be¨ bvw¯—K †hgb n¾ Ki‡Z ivwR n‡eb bv!
Abyiƒc GKRb Rb¥MZ Avw¯—K nv‡dR, Bgvg, Av‡jgAvj−vgv‡K ivnv LiP w`‡jI n‡¾ †h‡Z ivwR n‡eb wK bv!
ev kc_ i¶vq m¶g n‡eb wK bv m‡›`n!
Bnv me©Rb wew`Z †h, we‡k¦ e¨w³ I gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi cÖavb

260

Aš—ivq †jvf, wnsmv, ‡gvn, †µva I AjmZv Ges
AÁvbZv; Avi H mK‡ji cÖavb B›`b `vZv mKj RvwZi
`yÕb¤^ix MÖš’! hvi Kvi‡Y †Kvb †`k ev `j Acvgi
Rbmvavi‡Yi Kj¨vY Ki‡Z cvi‡Q bv, Av¯’vI AR©b
Ki‡Z cvi‡Q bv; ZeyI we‡kl K‡i a‡g©i bv‡g gymwjg
†`k¸wj gvÎ cuvPwU `dvi wei“‡× †mv”Pvi nIqvi †Kvb
cwiKíbv †bB, ‡bB †Kvb AvMÖn| Kw_Z Bmjvgx ev
†h‡Kvb `‡ji c‡¶ Dwj−wLZ `vqxZ¡ †bqv †gv‡UB KwVb
bq| Avi Kv‡iv we‡ivwaZv ev cÖwZ‡iva KiviI †Kvb
m½Z KviY †bB, my‡hvMI †bB| Avcvgi RbmvaviY wn›`y
wK †eŠ×, L„óvb mK‡jB ¯^ZtõzZ©fv‡e Ges ü`q w`‡q
mg_©b mn‡hvMxZv Ki‡e e‡j `„p Av¯’v ivLv hvq|
GB n¾ bvgK RvwZms‡Ni A_© †hvMvb †`‡e Ônvw`qv I
RvKvZÕ [ mb¥vbx I DØ„Ë Ask] cÖ‡Z¨KwU †`k Ges †`‡ki
gvbyl| DnvB n¾ I †Kvievbx [Z¨v‡Mi msKí] A‡_©i
wØZxq ‡kªóZg ˆewkó| Aviex Ô†KvievbxÕ k‡ãi A_©
†Kvb Ae¯’v‡ZB cï nZ¨v eySvq bv; Z‡e ÔLZgÕ kãwUi
gZB wnw›` I D`©y fvlvi Ô†KvievbxÕi A_© cï nZ¨v
eySv‡ZI cv‡i!
mKj RvwZi g‡a¨B n‡¾i weavb wQj Ges Av‡Q wKš‘
gvbeRvwZi GKK I Awfbœ Ôkvwš—i ag©, mZ¨-mbvZb
‰ew`K ag©Õ †_‡K mgvR ms¯‹vi I Dbœqb bxwZ A_©vr
cÖPwjZ ivRbxwZUzKz Avjv`v K‡i Zx_© ¯’vb¸wj‡K AKg©Y¨,
A‡K‡Rv Ges Abyôvb me©¯^ GKwU †bkvMÖ¯’ bvUKxq g‡Â
†Zvivn-Mm‡cj, ‡e`-†Kvivb‡K wR›`v Kei w`‡q‡Qb|
Avi Aci w`‡K LwÛZ msm` feb ev ivR cÖvmv` ˆZix
K‡i e¨w³ I `‡ji N„Y¨ ¯^v_© i¶v KeP iPbv K‡i‡Qb| d‡j
ayi›`i, AwfÁ cÖZviK, †gvbv‡dK wkw¶ZMY msm‡`;
‡gŠjev`x ee©i, g~L©MY Zx_© g‡Â Ges G‡`i f‡q Av`k©,
f`ª, cÖK…Z Ávbx-weÁvbxMY wbtM„nxZ ev AvZ¥‡Mvcb K‡i
nvRvi gvm ev ermi A‡c¶v †kªó ÔAvBq¨v‡g Rvwnjxqv,Õ

Ôee©i-AÜKvi hyMÕ ev ÔjvBjvZzj Kv`iÕ cybt cÖwZôv
K‡i‡Q| ZvB we‡k¦i A‡a©K m¤ú` LiP nq eª¤§v-AveªvgBeªvwn‡gi ÁvwZ-‡Mvwô GKK I Awfbœ cwiev‡ii gvbyl n‡q
gvbyl nZ¨vq! hei `Lj I ‡fvM-wejvwmZvq!
fvM¨evb AvieRvZx, Aviex †Kvivb †c‡qI †Kvivb m¤^‡Ü
Av‡Rv Zviv AÁ I g~L© ‡_‡K `~f©vMv I nZvm RxeY hvcb
Ki‡Qb, KLb †K Nvo a‡i bvwg‡q †`q! gvweqvi cyÎ
GwR‡`i ¶gZv `Lj, †h ¶gZvq Av‡Rv Zviv cÖwZwôZ
e‡jB Kvev N‡i cÖ‡e‡ki mgvb AwaKvi evwZj †NvlYv
K‡i GKgvÎ ev`kvi GKK AwaKvi cÖwZôv K‡i‡Qb; Avi
GLv‡bB †kl bq!
B”Qv n‡j ev`kv KviY AKvi‡Y n¾ eÜI Ki‡Z cv‡ib,
m¤¢eZt ev`kv Be‡b †mŠ` 1906 †_‡K 1911 mvj ch©š—
`xN© 6 ermi ‡Kvivb Agvb¨ K‡i n¾ eÜ ‡i‡L wQ‡jb;
wKš‘ we‡k¦i GKwU †`k ev gvbyl Uz-kãwUI K‡iwb|
15. dvQv‡j− †j ivweŸKv Ab&nvi| [107: KvIQvi-2]
A_©: myZivs †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki D‡Ï‡k¨ mvjvZ
Av`vq Ki Ges ‡Kvievbx Ki|
AvqvZwU‡Z Ô‡KvievbxÕ kãwU †bB; Av‡Q Ôbvnvi,Õ
A_©:eyw×gvb, AwfÁZv m¤úbœ, wbcyb, my`¶ e¨w³, Dchy³
¸Ym¤úbœ, cwÛZ, `¶, ey‡Ki DcwifvM, R‡en Kiv, ey‡K
ek©vwe× Kiv| [ `ª: Aviex-evsjv Awfavb, gv. gywnDÏxb
Lvb I †R, Gg KvDqvb]
Qyiv KvIQvi: †cÖibvcÖvß gwReyj n‡Ki Abyev`:
‡Zvgvi Kg© ‡cÖibv
Avi cÖv_©bv‡Z
Zzô n‡q `vb K‡iwQ
Kôx cv_iwU †Zvgv‡K
myZivs A`¨ n‡Z
Svwc‡q ci Kg© †¶‡Î
RvwM‡q †Zvj me duvK‡K

261

K~-kvlY, K~-AvPvi
wkKo MRv‡q‡Q hZ euv‡K
mxgvbv wWw½‡q awiÎxi ey‡K
‡Zvgvi cÖ¾wjZ †cÖibv weKvk
gg wPi cÖKv‡k †cÖibv‡Z
Nlv w`‡q|
Zvici †cŠwQ‡q hvI
me©Î aivavg
ci‡k †Zvgvi
bx‡iU c~Zgwb
mKv‡k †Zvgvi
Avj−vû cvjYKvix
msnvix‡q ZviB bv‡g
me Avavi iRbx
‡Zvgvi wei“×Pvix MxeZKvix
wbðqB nB‡eK
wew”Qbœ exh©nxY AvUKuy‡o
‡eû`v eZi eZiKvix|
Awek¦vm¨ n‡jI KwVY mZ¨!
†Kviv‡b ¯úó †NvwlZ n‡¾i w`b 1jv ev 1-3 ZvwiL ¯^Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i Dc`jxq †Lqvj-Lykx gZ
9 †_‡K 12 ZvwiL n‡¾i w`b-¶Y cwieZ©b Kiv n‡q‡Q,
†`Lyb:
16. BqvmAvjybvKv Avwbj Av‡nj−v‡Z-- [2:evKviv189] A_©: †jv‡K †Zvgv‡K byZb Puv` m¤^‡Ü cÖkœ
K‡i; ej! Dnv gvby‡li n‡¾i mgq-¶Y wb‡`©kK--|
K.
dv‡jKz-- AmmvgQv Aj Kvgviv-- ûmevbvb| [6:
AvbAvg-96] A_©: wZwbB Elvi D‡b¥l NUvb,
wZwbB wekªv‡gi Rb¨ ivwÎ Ges MYbvi Rb¨ m~h© I

P›`ª m„wó K‡i‡Qb--|
L.
ûqvj−vRx-- mvgQv-- Kvgviv-- [ 10: BDbym-5]
A_©: wZwbB m~h©‡K †ZR¯‹i I P›`ª‡K †R¨vwZg©q
K‡i‡Qb Ges Dnvi wZw_ [¯—i] wbw`©ó K‡i‡Qb
hv‡Z †Zvgiv ermi MbYv I mgq-Kv‡ji wnmve
Rvb‡Z cvi--|
mnR K_v: Dwj−wLZ 1bs Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Ô†jv‡K †Zvgv‡K
byZb Puv` m¤^‡Ü wRÁvmv K‡i!Õ ÔAv‡nj−vZÕ ÔAvj‡njvjÕ; A_©vr gv‡mi 1jv ZvwiL ev cÖwZc` m¤^‡Ü
wRÁvmv K‡i‡Q| 2 I 3 bs Avqv‡Z ewY©Z ÔKvgviÕ ev Puv`
m¤^‡Ü cÖkœ K‡iwb| Dˇi ejv n‡q‡Q †h ÔAv‡nj−vZÕ ev
1jv ZvwiL gvby‡li n‡¾i w`b-¶Y avh© Kiv n‡q‡Q|
Ô†njvjÕ wµ‡m›U A_© Puv` bq eis byZb Puv`; wZw_t cÖ_gv
†_‡K wØZxqv, Z…Zxqv ch©š— n‡Z cv‡i| ÔKvgviÕ A_© Puv` hv
cÖZ¨¶ mv¶xi Rb¨ ciewZ© K I L AvqvZØq nvwRi Kiv
n‡q‡Q| Avi‡e AvRI gv‡mi 1jv †_‡K 3 ZvwiL ch©š—
ÔAv‡nj−vZÕ e‡j| AZGe, n‡¾i wbw`©ó w`b-ZvwiL †h
gv‡mi cÖ_g 3 w`b G‡Z m‡›`n _vKvi wZj cwigvY AeKvk
†bB; Avj−vni GB wba©vwiZ ZvwiL LÛb Kivi kw³-hyw³
we‡k¦i Kv‡iv _vKvi K_v bq, hw`I wek¦ gvbe
mw¤§wjZfv‡e KvjvKvj †fw` †Póv Ki‡Z _v‡K| G
Kvi‡YB Kw_Z Bgvg‡`i (i) `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ iPbv Ki‡Z
n‡q‡Q|
Z‡e GKgvÎ wRj n‡¾i 1jv ev cÖ_g 3 w`b, wK cÖ‡Z¨KwU
gv‡mi cÖ_g 3w`b wKsev gvÎ 3wU gv†mi! Zv G¶‡Y Ri“ix
M‡elYvi `vex iv‡L, KviY:
n‡¾i [kc_ ev Kmg] gvm¸wj mK‡jiB Rvbv Av‡Q; GB
gvm¸wj‡Z hviv kc_ Ki‡e Zviv Ak−xj Kvh©Kjvc,
SMov-dvQv` BZ¨vw` †h †Kvb Mwn©Z KvR †_‡K weiZ
_vKvi Kmg Ki‡e--| [2: evKviv-197] n¾ ev kc_
wK‡mi Dc‡i Kiv n‡e, D‡j−wLZ Avqv‡Z Zv my¯úó wKš‘

262

cÖPwjZ bvUKxq n‡¾ Zv m¤ú~Y© Abycw¯’Z|
AwZwi³ Av‡jvPbv:
‡Kvievbx m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv Ki‡jI wbæ ewY©Z
3wU AvqvZ †Kv_vI D‡j−L Kiv nqwb; GB my‡hv‡M kwiqZ
kvwš—i bv‡g Akvwš— I evovevwo m„wó Ki‡Z cv‡i weavq
wb‡æ ZvÕ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv:
17.
5:gv‡q`v-27 bs Avqv‡Z Av`‡gi `yB †Q‡ji
†Kvievbx m¤^‡Ü D‡j−L Av‡Q Ges †mLv‡b
ÔKzievbxÕ kãwUB Av‡Q wKš‘ wK Z¨vM (†Kvievbx)
K‡iwQ‡jb Zvi †Kvb D‡j−L †bB| †mUv GKwU
wbw`©ó NUbv Ges HLv‡bB Zvi cwimgvwß; Dnvi
avivevwnKZv nvwej-Kvwej ev ciewZ© bex‡`i
es‡k †KvbB cÖgvY †bB|
18. 2:evKviv-67bs Avqv‡Z gyQvi (mv) Mvfx nZ¨vi
D‡j−L Av‡Q Z‡e ZvÕ Abyiƒc wbw`©ó GKwU NUbv‡K
†K›`ª K‡i| Kw_Z nq †Kvb GK e¨w³ AvZZvqx
KZ©„K wbnZ n‡j G‡K Ab¨‡K †`vlviƒc K‡i| g~j
AvZZvqx‡K mbv³ Kivi Rb¨ gyQvi (mv) mvnvh¨
PvB‡j gyQv hveZxq †`vlΓwU gy³ GKwU Mvfx Avb‡Z
ej‡jb Ges Dnv Revn K‡i GKwU gvsm LÛ w`‡q
wbnZ jv‡ki Mv‡q AvNvZ Ki‡Z e‡jb Ges Dnv
Ki‡ZB jvk wb‡RB Zvi AvZZvqxi bvg e‡j
w`‡qwQ‡jb e‡j Kw_Z| g~Qvi Dj−wLZ NUbv
cÖPwjZ †Kvievbxi †Kvb weavb bq|
19. kwiq‡Zi c‡¶ me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© 37:mvddvZ102-108 bs AvqvZ| †mLv‡b Beªvnx‡gi (mv) ¯^cœ Abyhvqx
(Awn bq! GjnvgI bq) cyÎ BmgvBj‡K Ô‡KvievbxÕ bq
eis ÔR‡en&Õ Kivi wbqZ D‡j−L Av‡Q| BmgvBj‡K KvZ&
K‡i RevBi D×Z nIqv gvÎ Avj−vn Awn K‡ib, ÔZzwg
mZ¨B ¯^cœ cyiY Ki‡Z hv”Q? -- Avwg Zv‡K gy³ KijvgÕ
GLv‡bB †kl| Beªvnxg (mv) cy·KI RevB K‡ibwb ev

†Kvb cïI nZ¨v K‡ibwb| Avqv‡Z †gl, QvMj, `y¤^v, gyiMx
BZ¨vw` †Kvb cïi K_vI †bB; wKš‘ Avj−vni †KZv‡ei dzU
†bv‡U Avgv‡`i gvIjvbvMY (Avgv‡`i cÖfyMY) wj‡L‡Qb,
ÒDnv wQj GKwU `y¤^v hvnv †e‡nk&Z nB‡Z cvVvBqv †`qv
nBqvwQj|Ó
cieZ©x Avqv‡Z Av‡Q, ÒAvwg Bnv cieZ©xw`‡Mi ¯§i‡Y
ivwLqvwQ|Ó AvqvZwUi eiv‡Z dzU‡bv‡U wj‡L‡Qb, ÒC`yj
AvRnvi Kzievbx Kivi ixwZ cÖewZ©Z Kwiqv|Ó [`ª: †Kvivb;
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb; dzU‡bvU bs: 113, 114]
e¯‘Ztc‡¶ avivevwnK cï nZ¨vi wb‡`©k GgbwK AvKvi
Bw½Z ch©š— †mLv‡b †bB Ges Ô†e‡n¯— †_‡K `y¤^v cvVv‡bv
n‡q‡QÕ Ggb †Kvb evK¨ gnvbex‡K Avj−vn Awn K‡iwb!
wKš‘ Zviv †c‡jb †Kv_vq! Zviv eis H evB‡ej †_‡KB
avi K‡i‡Qb; †`Lyb:
Ò--ZLb Aveªvg [Beªvwng] P¶z Zz‡j †P‡q †`L‡jb, Avi
†`L Zvunvi cðvwχK GKwU †gl Zvi k„½ †Sv‡c e×, c‡i
Aveªvg wM‡q †m †glwU‡K wb‡q Avcb cy‡Îi cwie‡Z©
†nvgv_© ewj`vb Ki‡jb|Õ [cyivZb evB‡ej: 22-23|]
evB‡e‡ji ewY©Z †g‡li cwie‡Z© `y¤^v emv‡bv n‡q‡Q hv
L„óvb‡`i wbj©¾ AbyKiY XvKvi wK‡kvi myjf e¨_© Dc†Póv gvÎ!
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûm‡bi Abyw`Z †Kviv‡bi 16 Rb Rei`¯—
kwiqwZ Av‡jg m¤úv`K hviv L„óvb‡`i‡K Kv‡di- †eØxb (?) e‡j weåvš— K‡i mvaviY gymjgvb‡`i Ly‡Yi
†bkvMÖ¯’ K‡i‡Qb ! Zv‡`iB ‡jLv evB‡e‡ji D™¢U
KvíwbK DØ„wZ ¯^ Áv‡b, ¯^ B”Qvq †kªó MÖš’ †Kviv‡bi
c„ôvq wj‡L ïKi LvIqv, †Rbv, GgbwK ¶gvi A‡hvM¨
Kzdix Aciva K‡i‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq! KviY MÖš’wU Abyev`
Kivi Rb¨ KZ…©c¶ K‡qK †KvwU UvKvi bM` †Qvqve Zv‡`i
fv‡M¨ wj‡L wQ‡jb!
a‡g©i bv‡g Av`g ev Beªvwng (mv) †_‡K AmsL¨ bex-

263

ivQyj‡`i Avg‡j G ai‡Yi cï nZ¨vi weavb cÖPwjZ n‡q
Avm‡Q e‡j †Kvb BwZnvm Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| Z‡e
Bnv me©Rb wew`Z †h, fviZ-Aviexq c¨vMY†cŠËwjK‡`i g‡a¨ cï nZ¨v cÖ_v cÖPwjZ wQj; GgbwK
Zviv Avcb wkï I bi-bvix nZ¨v K‡i ¯^M© cÖvwßi ee©i,
åvš— aviYv †cvlY Ki‡Zv| Avgiv Zv‡`iB AbymiY KiwQ
wKbv! A_ev Dwj−wLZ ‡KvivbxK `k©b ågvZ¥K wKbv! ZvÕ
Mfxifv‡e †f‡e †`Lvi Rb¨ Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwU (f`ª
hye ms¯’v) evsjv‡`k, we‡k¦i cÖwZ eRª K‡Ú Av‡e`b RvMvq
I wb‡e`b Rvbvq!
n‡¾i gg©v_©:
msKí, kc_, Iqv`v, Kmg, †Zvev; †Kvievbx A_©: Z¨vM,
DrmM©, wemR©b, `vb, Puv`v, mshg| AZGe Z¨v‡Mi msKí
erm‡i wbw`©ó GKwU w`‡b GKwU ev `kwU cï nZ¨vi g‡a¨B
mxgve× _vKv ev ivLvi cÖPwjZ bxwZ ‡Kvivb cwicš’x! eis
†Kviv‡bi cÖwZ mivmwi Dcnvm|
cÖPwjZ n¾ nvivg-nvjvj cv_©K¨ wenxY abx‡`i mvgwqK
Av‡gv`-cÖ‡gv‡`i Abyóvb wnmv‡eB cÖwZwóZ Ges Zv‡`iB
†e‡n¯— cÖvwßi Aev¯—e aviYv RwoZ; wKš‘ Mixe‡`i GK
UzKiv gvsm cÖvwß Qvov †e‡n‡¯—i GgbwK aviYvI RwoZ
†bB| Ggb mv¤cÖ`vwqK ev `wjq c¶cvZ `yó abx‡`i
Av‡gv`-d~wZ©i AvBb Avj−vni nÕ‡Z cv‡i bv, †Kviv‡b
Zvi cÖgvb †bB| Aek¨ G hyw³ LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ Ges Mixe‡`i
kvš—bvi Rb¨ kwiqZ c~e© †_‡KB gnvbexi bv‡g GKwU
A¯ú„m¨ nvw`m iPbv K‡i †i‡L‡Qb †h:
Ôhv‡`i cï †Kvievbx Kivi mvg_© †bB, A_©vr Mixe ev
Amg_© nvwRMY wba©vwiZ 10 w`b a‡i ivLv bL, Pzj,
†evM‡ji ckg I †hŠY ‡jvg ‡uP‡Q †dj&‡j cï †Kvievbxi
mgvb †Qvqve cv‡e|Õ [`ª:†gkKvZ/wZiwgwR, Ab¨Î Bnvi
we¯—vwiZ `ªóe¨ †`qv Av‡Q]
A_©vr: †cÖwm‡W›U gwš¿, ivRv-ev`kv, nvwR, mvBw`,

gvIjvbv, MvDm-KzZze, cxi †Kejv, cvK-bvcvK abvX¨MY
nvRvi/j¶ j¶ UvKv w`‡q †h cïwU †Kvievbx Ki‡jv Zvi
AvbycvwZK gvb& ev †Qvqve Zv‡`iB `yqv‡i fyLv-bv½v GK
UzKiv †Mv¯— cÖv_©x †Pbv-A‡Pbv GKRb wf¶zK ev wbZvš—
`wi`ª nvwRi †Pu‡Q ‡djv Pzj Avi †hŠY †jv‡gi mgvb!!
kwiq‡Zi GB `yÕg~‡Lv [ Ak−xj wek¦vm! G j¾v! G Acgvb
†X‡K ivLvi †Kvb nvw`m-‡dK&nv Aek¨ GLb ch©š— iwPZ
nqwb! ZvB abvX¨MY Gi Revew`wnZv PvB‡j Zv‡`i gv_vq
cÖKv‡k¨ †Nvj Xvjv ev AvZ¥‡Mvcb Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb c_
†Lvjv ‡bB!!
Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji ag© Z_v †kªó ag© wb‡q G‡nb wbj©¾
Dcnvm, ‡hŠY †KŠZzK gnvbexi bv‡g iPbv Ki‡Z Kw_Z
Bgvg-Av‡jg‡`i eyK Kuv‡cwb! AZGe ‡Kviv‡bi wecix‡Z
kwiqZx wewa weavb cªeZ©b Kivi wcQ‡b hv‡`i mwµq
fywgKv i‡q‡Q Zv‡`i wei“‡× e¨w³ I D¤§vi e„nËi ¯^v‡_©
cÖwZwU gvby‡li †h †Kvb wKQyi wewbgq kvwš—c~Y©fv‡e
cÖ‡qvRbxq e¨e¯’v †bqv G¶zYx Ri“ix| Ggb `vqxZ¡ cvj‡Y
1.6 wewjqb †gvmjgv‡bi ga¨ †_‡K 2/1 RbI wK GwM‡q
Avm‡eb ??
‡cU I wc‡Vi byb¨Zg cÖ‡qvRb Qvov AwZwi³ mnvq-m¤ú`
Ges hvewZq Mwn©Z K_v-KvR Z¨v‡Mi msKí Avg„Zz¨ ch©š—
†h i¶v K‡i P‡j Ges Pj‡Z cv‡i! Kvevq bv †M‡jI
†mB-B GKgvÎ Ges cÖK…Z nvRx| GKRb nvRx gv‡bB cig
mr, gnvb Z¨vMx; ï×, weï×, cwiï× I ewjô m‡Ÿ©vrK…ô
Pwi‡Îi AwaKvix, wZwb †iŠkb Rwgb; wZwb †h †Kvb m‡›`n
I weZ‡K©i D‡×© Pig wek¦¯’, wbf©ikxj, †bZ…¯’vbxq Ges
cig c~Rbxq e¨w³Z¡|
Avi hw` †m B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq evi evi n¾ f½ K‡i Ges
†R‡b-bv ‡R‡b evi evi †jvK †`Lv‡bv bvUKxq kc_
(n¾) K‡i! Z‡e Zvi †P‡q †gvbv‡dK, Awfkß Kv‡di
mgv‡R Avi wØZxqwU _v‡K bv| G‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q:

264

Bbœvj−vRxbv-- Qvwejvb| [4:wbQv-137, 138] A_©: hviv
Cgvb Av‡b I c‡i Kzdix K‡i Ges Avevi Cgvb Av‡b,
Avevi Kzdix K‡i, AZtci Zv‡`i Kzdix cÖe„wË e„w× cvq,
Avj−vn Zv‡`i‡K wKQy‡ZB ¶gv Ki‡eb bv Ges Zv‡`i‡K
†Kvb c‡_ cwiPvwjZ Ki‡eb bv| G‡nb †gvbv‡dK‡`i Rb¨
i‡q‡Q gg©š‘` kvw¯—|
Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi `„wó‡Z Avgiv cixw¶Z Ges cÖgvwbZ
ee©i‡kªó ev Kv‡di-‡gvbv‡dK! cy¯—K enbKvix MvavL”Pi!! [2: 171; 62: Rygyqv-5] cÖvq 14 kZ eQi a‡i
A‡nZzK Rš‘ Rv‡bvqvi LyY K‡i cweÎ cvwb-gvwU, AvKvkevZvm i³v³ KiwQ! ej‡Z evav †bB †h, cweÎ (!) g°v
bMix Pzj-ckg, cvqLvbv cÖmªv‡e Wzwe‡q w`w”Q!!
mZ¨ a‡g©i Aw¯—Ë¡ I wek¦v‡mi me©‡kªó Ges me©cÖavb hyw³cÖgvb n‡jv eZ©gvb I fwel¨‡Zi mvgwMÖK gvbe Kj¨vY, hv
cÖPwjZ n‡¾ m¤ú~Y© Abycw¯’Z; myZivs cÖK…Z avwg©K‡`i
ewY©Z †KvivwbK `k©Y bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`Lv DwPr ‡h, 14k
eQ‡ii mg~n NvUwZ ¯^í mg‡qi g‡a¨B c~iY nIqv m¤¢e wK
bv!
ej‡Z j¾¨v nq †h, bvcvK, nvivg ïK‡ii Kv‡djvq!
ïK‡ii c`wcô n‡q! ïKi gviv wM‡q‡Q! Ggb Lei weij
n‡jI Avkivdzj gvLjyKvZ! cweÎ fywg‡Z! cweÎ nvRxi!
cweÎ c`wcô n‡q! kZ kZ cweÎ nvRx IdvZ Ki‡Qb wd
eQi!! wKš‘ †mŠw` ev`kvi c‡K‡Ui NvUwZ †bB! KviY Kvev
N‡ii gvwjK Avj−vn bb eis wZwbB! Avj−vni N‡ii hvewZq
Avq-‡ivRMv‡i wZwb jv-kwiK Ges GKvB †fvM K‡ib!
kwiq‡Zi wePv‡iI wZwb jv kwiK! e‡jB †`o wewjqb
wkqv, mybœx, nvbvwd, kv‡dC, nv‡¤^jx, Invex, gv‡jKx‡`i
wf¶v †_‡K ewÂZ nIqvi f‡q AvR ch©š— †Kvb IRiAvcwË DÌvwcZ nq wb|
*

78 mvßvwnK QywU I Rygvi w`b
Avj−vn m„wó K‡g© 6 w`b KvR K‡i mßg w`b wekªvg
†bb| (wek` Av‡jvPbv †`Lyb: K‡qKwU ¸iZ¡c~Y© I weZK©xZ
welqÓ ] †m †nZz GB mßg w`bwU mK‡ji Rb¨B wekªvg
†bqvi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb AZxZ-eZ©gvb mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i
gva¨‡g| Zvi GB K‡g©i w`b ZvwiL I ¶Y A¯^xKvi Kiv,
gbQyL nIqv A_ev i`-e`j Kiv gvby‡li AbywPr|
Bbœv iveŸvKzgyj−v ûj−vRx LvjvK¡v”Qvgv-IqvwZ Aj
AviØv dx wQËvwZ AvBqvwgb Qy¤§v¯—vIqv Avjvj Aviwk©|
[7:Avivd-54] A_©: Aek¨B †Zvgv‡`i ie gvÎ 6 Kv‡j
`„k¨-A`„k¨ m„wó K‡i‡Qb| AZtci wZwb Avi‡k mgvmxb
nb|
†Kvivbmn AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i Av‡jv‡K Avj−vn
6 w`b Kg© K‡i mßg w`b wekªvg †bb [iƒcK]|mßg Aviex I
wneª“‡Z QveŸvZ ev Qve&Z Ges Bs‡iwR‡Z Ôm¨vUvi‡WÕ Ges
evsjvq kwbevi e‡j| kwbevi †h mßv‡ni mßg w`b Zv‡Z
†Kvb RvwZiB m‡›`n ev wØgZ †bB| wKš‘ wLª÷vb‡`i
Av‡jgMY GKgvÎ wnsmv-we‡Ø‡li Kvi‡Y Bûw` †_‡K
RvwZ‡K c„_K Kivi Ac‡Póvq †Zvivn I Bwćji 7wU
w`‡bi bvg h_vµ‡g : 1g, 2q, 3q, 4_©, 5g, 6ô I 7g
w`b¸wj‡K MÖn-b¶‡Îi bv‡g cwieZ©b K‡i Ô†mvgevi‡KÕ
mvßv‡ni cÖ_g w`em I Ôiweevi‡KÕ 7g w`em e‡j †NvlYv
K‡ib| hw`I GgbwK Zv‡`i cÖPwjZ nvw`m ev †U÷v‡g›U
evB‡e‡j Ôm¨vUvi‡WÕ†K QveŸvZ A_©vr 7g w`em, A_©vr
kwbevi e‡j †NvwlZ Av‡Q|
mvb‡WÕ‡K 7g w`em I QywUi w`b †NvlYvi wei“‡×
wLª÷vb‡`i †Kvb GKwU Dc-`j cÖKv‡k¨ †mv”Pvi n‡q‡Qb|
Zv‡`i `vex †h, mvßv‡ni 7g w`b Ges QywUi w`b
ÔkwbeviÕ, ÔiweeviÕ bq| Zv‡`i cÖPvwiZ weÁvc‡bi `yÕwU
jvBb wb‡æ †`qv n†jv :
`---Historians and Prominent Church Leaders
of different religious backgrounds acknowledge
that there is no Scriptural evidence in favour of
Sunday observance-.’

265

wLª÷vb‡`i AweKj AbyKi‡YB Avi‡ei Av‡jgMY 6ô
w`em‡K ÔRygqvÕ bvg w`‡q [hvi bvg wQj BqvIgyw”QÏvZ
A_©vr 6ô w`em, ïµevi ] 7g w`em Ôkwbevi‡KÕ 1g I
ïµevi‡K 7g w`em wnmv‡e †NvlYv K‡ib| GB †e`vr Z_v
nvivg kwiqwZ AvBbwUi c‡¶ Rbmg_©b Av`v‡qi Rb¨
ZrKvjxb Avie ev`kvnMY bZzb †NvwlZ mvßvwnK
K¨v‡jÛvi Abymv‡i ïµev‡i †h ermi n‡¾i w`b co‡Zv,
†m ermi n‡¾ AvMZ †`kx-we‡`kx nvwR‡`i GKwU †KvZ©v
`vb Ki‡Zb| nvRxMY H ‡KvZ©v †c‡q Bmjv‡gi gnv
†L`gZMvi wnmv‡e ev`kvni ¯‘wZ Mvb †M‡q ÔAvKeixÕ
n‡¾i AwZwi³ †Qvqve Ô†KvZ©vÕ Mv‡q w`‡q †`‡k wd‡i
IqvR-bwQn‡Zi †iU e„w× K‡ib| AvBbwU eZ©gv‡b envj
_vK‡jI ïµevi mvßv‡ni 7g w`b Ges QywUi w`b cvKv
†cv³fv‡e cÖwZwôZ nIqvq AvRKvj Avi †m g‡Z ïµevi
n‡¾i w`b co‡jI Rvgv †KvZ©vi Li‡Pi f‡q evc`v`v‡`i cÖwZwôZ AvBbwU cvjb bv K‡i eis n‡Ri
w`bwUB cwieZ©b K‡ib, Z‡e gv‡S g‡a¨ e¨wZµgI nq|
gymwjg we‡k¦i †Kvivb †NvwlZ mvßv‡ni 7g w`b I
eQ‡ii n‡¾i w`b¶Y GKgvÎ Avi‡ei ev`kvnMY Avcb
†Lqvj Lywk I ¯^v‡_©i AbyKz‡j i`-e`j Kiv †Kvivb wei“×
†R‡bI AweKj wLª÷vb‡`i AbyKi‡Y Zviv Zv Ki‡Qb Ges
we‡k¦i mKj Av‡jg-Avj−vgv, †evR©Mv‡b ØxbMY Zv gyL
eyu‡R AbyKiY K‡i Pj‡Qb!
Avie we‡k¦i mvßvwnK bvg¸wj c~‡e© wbæiƒc wQj:
BqvIgyj Avnv` [1g w`em] iweevi, BqvIgyj BmbvBb
[2q w`em] †mvgevi, BqvIgy”QvjvQv [3q w`em] g½jevi,
BqvIgyj Avievqv [4_© w`em] eyaevi, BqvIgyj LvwgQ [5g
w`em] e„n¯•wZevi, BqvIgyQ‡QËvZ [6ô w`em] ïµevi,
BqvIgyQQveZ [7g w`em] kwbevi|
eZ©gv‡b BqvIgym‡QËvZ [6ô w`em] ïµevi‡K nVvr K‡i
cvwë‡q ÔBqvIgyj RygqvÕ bvg w`‡q mvßv‡ni QywUi w`b I 7g
w`b †NvlYv K‡ib; c¶vš—‡i kwbev‡ii bvg ÔBqvIgy”QveZÕ
A_©vr 7g w`em ZvI wVK iv‡Lb| †m Kvi‡Y †Kviv‡b ewY©Z 7g
w`em kwbevi‡K mvßv‡ni 1g w`em Ges ïµevi‡K QywUi w`b

7g w`em wnmv‡e cvwjZ nq; evwK w`b¸wji bvg I µwgK b¤^i
Abyhvqx ms‡kvab bv K‡i eis c~e©er wVKB iv‡Lb; d‡j Aviex
mvßv‡ni bvg¸wj h_vµ‡g: ejv, †jLv, wek¦vm I cvj‡Y Ggb
†MuvRvwgj I ˆel‡g¨i m„wó n‡q‡Q, hv GKwU gymwjg iv‡óªi
c‡¶ eoB j¾vi welq| ‡`Lyb:
A_©
evsjv bvg AvieMY cvjY K‡i
Aviex bvg
Bqvgy”QveZ : 7g w`b
kwb
1g w`b wnmv‡e|
BqvIgyj Avnv` : 1g w`b
iwe
2q H
H
BqvIgyj BQbvBb : 2q w`b †mvg
3q H
H
BqvIgy”QvjvQv : 3q w`b g½j
4_© H
H
BqvIgyj Avievqv : 4_© w`b eya
5g H
H
BqvIgyj LvwgQ : 5g w`b e„n¯úwZ
6ô H H
BqvIgyj Rygqv : mgv‡ek w`b ïµ
Rygqv w`b wnmv‡e
[ZvÕ‡`i 7g w`em †bB]
7g w`b kwbevi A¯^xKviKvix‡`i kvw¯— I ciewZ©‡`i ûwkqvwi
j¶¨Yxq:
1. AQ Avjûg-- Bqvd-QyK¡zb| [7:Avivd-163] A_©:
Zvnvw`M‡K mgy`ª ZxieZ©x Rbc`evmx‡`i m¤^‡Ü
wRÁvmv Ki, Zviv 7g w`em kwbevi mxgv j•Nb
K‡iwQj| kwbevi D`hvc‡bi w`b gvQ cvwb‡Z †f‡m
Zv‡`i wbKU Avm‡Zv, wKš‘ †hw`b †_‡K Zviv kwbevi
cvjb A¯^xKvi Ki‡jv, †mw`b †_‡K gvQI Zv‡`i
wbKU Avm‡Zv bv; Gfv‡e Zvnvw`M‡K cix¶v K‡i
wQjvg, †h‡nZz Zviv mxgv j•Nb Ki‡Zv|
2. AjvK¡v`ÔAvjxgZzgyj−vRxbvÕ--gyËvKxb|[2:evKviv65,66]| A_©: †Zvgv‡`iB c~e© cyi“l hviv mßg w`em,
kwbevi‡K A¯^xKvi K‡iwQj, Zvnvw`M‡K †Zvgiv
wbwðZfv‡e Rvb| Avwg Zvnvw`M‡K Awfkvc
w`‡qwQjvg-Ô†Zvgiv N„wYZ evbi nI|Õ Avwg Bnv
Zv‡`i mg-mvgwqK I cieZ©xM‡Yi mZK© nIqvi Rb¨
`„óvš— I gyËvKx‡`i Rb¨ Dc‡`k ¯^iƒc K‡iwQ|
Avj−vn Z_v cÖK…wZi AvBb GKgvÎ wnsmv, we‡Ø‡li
Kvi‡Y †`k `j †f‡` †MuvRvwgj ev A¯^xKvi Kivi e¨_©
Ac‡Póv Kzdzwi †nZz Dnvi cwiYwZI AwZ fqven| eZ©gvb
ag© we‡k¦i Pig AivRKZv Z_v ˆbwZK Ae¶q Gi cÖK…ó

266

`„óvš—|
†Kviv‡b ÔRygqvÕ bv‡g GKwU Qyiv Av‡Q; hvi A_©
mgv‡ek ev RvgvZ; Bnv w`‡bi GKwU bvgI bq ev 7g w`bI
bq| †mLv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q :
Bqv-AvBqy¨nvj−vRxbv--BRv-byw`Bqvwj”Qvjv-wZ-ZvÕjvgyb| [62:Rygqv-9] A_©: †n f³MY! mgv‡e‡ki w`‡b
[A_©vr 7g w`b] hLb cÖv_©bvi Rb¨ Avn&evb Kiv nq ZLb
†Zvgiv Avj−vn&i ¯§i‡Y avweZ nI Ges µq-weµq cwiZ¨vM
Ki, BnvB †Zvgvw`‡Mi Rb¨ Kj¨vYKi hw` †Zvgiv Dcjwä
Ki‡Z cvi|
cÖv_©bvi GB wbw`©ó mgv‡ekwU †Zvivn, Bwćj 7g w`b
avh© KivB Av‡Q Ges †Kviv‡bI Bnvi cwi¯‹vi Bw½Z enb
K‡i; GgbwK Avi‡ei cÖPwjZ †MvRvwgj †`qv mvßvwnK
K¨v‡jÛv‡iI mv¶¨ enb K‡i †h, kwbeviB 7g w`b| AviI
¯§iYxq †h, 6ô w`b ÔïµeviÕ m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡b Nybv¶‡iI
AvKvi-Bw½Z †bB; AZGe G¶‡Y †`k, `j †f‡` ¯^-¯^
Hkx MÖ‡š’i m¤§vbv‡_© cÖK…wZi weavb †g‡b wb‡q Aš—Z Ges
AvcvZZ GKwU welq GKvZ¡Zv ¯^xKvi K‡i 7g w`em,
kwbeviwU mgMÖ we‡k¦ QywUi w`b wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i Avj−vnivmyj‡`i AvbyMZ¨ cÖgvY Kiv AZ¨vek¨Kxq| G‡Z mgMÖ
gymwjg ivóª¸wj Avš—R©vwZK e¨emv evwY‡R¨i wewjqbm&
Wjv‡ii NvUwZ cyi‡YI mvnvh¨ Ki‡e|
wbæewY©Z AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K KwZcq gbxlxMY g‡b
K‡ib †h cy‡iv H w`bwU KvRKg© eÜ ivLvi †Kvb Av‡`k
†Kviv‡b †bB; †Kviv‡b Av‡Q bvgv‡Ri mgqUzKz KvRKg©
eÜ ivL‡Z, AZtci bvgvR †k‡l hvi hvi Kv‡R Qwo‡q
co‡Z| †`Lyb:
dvGRv Kzw`qvwZ”QvjvZz-- Zzd‡jûb| [62:Rygqv-10]
A_©: AZtci bvgvR †k‡l †Zvgiv c„w_ex‡Z Qwo‡q co
Ges Avj−vni AbyMÖ‡ni mÜvb Ki Ges Avj−vn‡K †ekx
†ekx ¯§iY Ki †hb †Zvgiv mdjKvg nI|
Avgv‡`i Aek¨B ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi †h Rygvi ev
mgv‡e‡ki cÖavb j¶¨ I D‡Ïk¨ GKgvÎ `je×fv‡e K‡qK
wgwb‡Ui Rb¨ K‡qK ivKvZ bvgvRB bq| RvgvZ ev

mgv‡ek ej‡jB Aek¨ Aek¨B SzS‡Z n‡e †h
me©mvavi‡Yi mvwe©K ¯^v‡_©B Rbmgv‡ek| AZGe ¯^-¯^
GjvKvi RbmvaviY GB mgv‡e‡k †hvM`vb K‡i MZ 6
w`‡bi Kvh©weeiYx Av‡jvPbv, mgv‡jvPbv, kvlY, wePvi
BZ¨vw`i hveZxq mgm¨vi mgvavb Ges AvMvgx 6 w`‡bi
Kg©myPxi cÖ¯—vebv MÖnY; AZtci †m †gvZv‡eK Kg©‡¶‡Î
Qwo‡q co‡e|
gmwR` GKgvÎ bvgv‡Ri Rb¨B bq GwU cÖavb Kvh©vjq
KveviB me©wbæ kvLv Avi Bgvg/†Pqvig¨vb Zvi AwaKZ©v;
Zvi `vqxZ¡ Kvevi ev miKv‡ii cÖ¯—vweZ I Aby‡gvw`Z
mvgvwRK, A_©‰bwZK, ivR‰bwZK mKj welq wbqš¿Y K‡i
bM` bM` †Qvqve Rbmvavi‡Yi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q †`qv|
Rvgv‡Zi bvgv‡Ri AwZwi³ †Qvqv‡ei ¯^xK…wZ GLv‡bB Ges
GiB djvdj †fvM Ki‡e ciKv‡jI| AZGe H Rygvi
mgqKvj †Kvb Ae¯’v‡ZB K‡qK ivKvZ bvgvR ev 10/15
wgwbU mg‡qi g‡a¨ mxgve× _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| Avi ZvB
RvgvZ †k‡l Kv‡Ri mgq _vK‡ZI cv‡i Avi bvI cv‡i|
myZivs mvßv‡ni wbw`©ó 1/2wU w`b hLb wek¦ Aemi
wnmv‡e cvjY Ki‡QB ZLb 7g w`bwUB P‚ovš— wnmv‡e
MÖnYxq e‡U! Z‡e Z…Zxq wek¦ ev AbybœZ †`‡ki Rb¨ 2 w`b
QywU MÖnY ‡Nvov †ivM †nZz AvZ¥NvZxg~jK|
***
civ‡_©

GKv`k Aa¨vq
79 civ_©B wm×v_©
[ÁvZe¨: m¤¢eZt 1952-58 mv‡ji g‡a¨ †jLv †cÖibv cÖvß
gwReyj n‡Ki wbæ ewY©Z †cÖibv evYx‡Z Ávbx‡`i Rb¨ wek¦
ms¯‹v‡ii A_©vr DÌvb-cZ‡bi cÖPzi fwel¨r evYx i‡q‡Q,
hvi A‡bK¸wj N‡UI †M‡Q Ges NU‡Q| wZwb Av‡iv

267

e‡j‡Qb †h, evsjv‡`‡ki mxgvbv wظY n‡e, ivRavbx
_vK‡e eZ©gvb e‡½vc mvM‡ii gvSLv‡b| evsjv‡`‡k
†iwWqvg, BD‡iwbqvg, nxiK, ¯^Y©-†iŠc¨ BZ¨vw` mn 8wU
Lwb cvIqv hv‡e Ges c„w_exi †kªôZg †`k n‡e GB
evsjv‡`k Ges ZviB nv‡Z _vK‡e we‡k¦i wbqš¿Y ¶gZv| MÖš’Kvi ]
gg Aš—i K‡i nvnvKvi
ïay ZviB Z‡i
wek¦ aivavg †R‡M i‡q‡Q
hviB †cÖ‡gi †Wv‡i|
jvGjvnv Bj−vj−vû †gvnv¤§` ivQyj
G cyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|
Avwg Kuvw` Avwg nvwm
Kvbœv nvwmi gyivq
Zzwg †`L ewm
RMZ Zvwibx RMbœv_ Zzwg
Avi KZKvj wej‡¤^
gi‡gi Z‡š¿ g‡š¿
†R‡M DV‡e Ze †cÖ‡gi jnix|
jvGjvnv Bj−vj−vû †gvnv¤§` ivQyj
G cyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|
Kx †Ljv †Lwj‡Z‡Qb
Avgv‡`i m‡½ fMevb
Zv Rvwb Avwg Avi Rv‡b hZ gnvcÖvY|
jvGjvnv Bj−vj−vû gnvcyi“lB ivQyj
GcyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|
†Lwjqv wMqv‡Q hZ
†Lwj‡Z‡Q hviv mZZ
Avevi †Ljvq hviv
nq iZmKjB GKB †Ljvi cvZ;
GBfv‡e Pwj‡Z‡Q mß N~Y©P‡µ

mªóvi †Ljv†Lwj AweiZ|
jvGjvnv Bj−vj−vû gnvcyi“livB ivQyj
GcyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|
GZKvj c‡i
eywSjvg AvR †fv‡i
Ôgy³Õ †NvlYv †c‡Z n‡j
mKj‡KB gnvcyi“l n‡Z n‡e
bZz ¸i“Zi P‡µi `vc‡U
†dUv †dUv n‡Z n‡e hy‡M hy‡M|
jvGjvnv Bj−vj−vû gnvcyi“lMYB ivQyj
GcyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|
GeviI hw` fv½‡ebv Nyg
Kvj ˆekvLxi GB MR©‡b
wbðqB Z‡e fv½‡e Nyg
wkj S‡o Avi Rj c−ve‡b
K¤ú‡b Avi Kz•N‡b;
Z‡e †PvL †Lvj evc PU& K‡i
c_ ai mKv‡j mK K‡i|
jvGjvnv wfbœ Avj−vn †cÖiYvcÖvßMYB ivQyj
GcyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|
Avi KZKvj _vK‡e fvB
fzj Kiv GB Kvj Ny‡g
Kvj Nyg Avm‡e mZ¨
Rvbvhv Kievi ciLv‡b|
m~h© GLb †g‡j‡Q ˆcLg
MvQcvjv¸wji H †Qi c‡i
†Zvgiv †Kb Kzov”Qbv dj¸wj
wedj nevi AvMLv‡b|
jvGjvnv wfbœ Avj−vn †cÖiYvcÖvß me e‡j
GcyZ evYxi †Nvl nuvo ¸u‡o
Ly‡j hv‡e nvUev‡i
hv‡K ej nvm‡i|

268

†dD”Qvi gZ †fK& a‡i
c‡o Av‡Qv †Kb PxrK‡i
AvKvk coevi Wi Z‡i?
wPË hLb Av‡QB m‡½
†PZbv jvMvI Avj−vû mv‡_
ˆPZb¨ _vK‡e me Kv‡j
wbivc‡` i‡e SÄvev‡Z|
ej: Avj−vû Avj−vû Avj−vû
†Rvi M‡j
Dcvq nqbv wfbœ Avj−vn
ˆPZb¨MY me e‡j
GK my‡i|
Kx Avb›` RvMvq
Avj−vn bvg aŸwb
Zv Rvwb Avwg
Avi Rv‡b gnvcyi“l meB
mKj bv‡gi †hvRbv bvg
GB bvg wkigwb|
RM‡Zi ey‡K †R‡M i‡q‡Q
ÔGQ&‡g AvRgÕ ewj|
AvRxg m„wó Zvi
RvMÖZ _v‡K Avcb w¯’wZ‡Z
mßZj w`Mš— e¨vcx
G bv‡gi †cÖiYv‡Z
bZz QviLvi n‡q †h‡Zv
†h‡Zv me imvZ‡j;
myZivs Lei †Kviv‡b
Avj−vû †eKz‡j− mvB‡qb
gwn‡Z
ej: gyg©yû gyg©yû nuv‡K
k‰b k‰b Wv‡K
Avj−vû Avj−vû Avj−vû
†Rvi M‡j|

GcyZ evYxi †cÖiYv‡Z
†cÖiYvcÖvß n‡q‡Qb gnvcyi“l mK‡j|
nvZ w`‡j ZzB
†UwejLvbvi GK †Kv‡b
†c‡Z cvi ïayhv Av‡Q Zv †mLv‡b
dzj †Uwe‡ji Avb›` kw³
fimv ivL †Kvb Av‡°‡j?
c~Y© As‡ki gRb †kvab
nqbv †Kvb g‡Z GK As‡k;
myZivs †Zvgv‡`i g‡Z
hxï ey× A‡kvK ˆR‡b
ivg K…ò nwi wk‡e
huviv †e‡P †M‡Qb ev‡c cy‡Z hv‡q;
Aek¨ w` †gvi Ai w` †jQ g‡Z
†cÖiYvcÖvß Giv mK‡jB e‡U|
wKQy‡ZB cvibv †c‡Z
¯^qs mªóv gnvgwng
ARb¥ AvRb¥ †eRb¥ Ô†mÕ
Avj−vû †eKz‡j− mvBb gwn‡Z|
†hgwb cvi bv †c‡Z
Gcvovi †ej Mv‡Q D‡V
I cvovi Avg¸‡jv †L‡Z
myZivs As‡k As‡k ni& As‡k
RvwM‡q †Zvj †cÖiYv Zuvi
me© †hvRbv bvg Avj−vû k‡ã|
ej: Avj−vû Avj−vû Avj−vû †Rvi M‡j|
Dcvq nq bv Drm Dcvq
bv †cŠQ‡j;
GcyZ evYxi dwRj‡Z
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ n‡q‡Qb AvjAvgx‡b|
Z‡e †Kb ab! ai‡Qvbv †Mvb?

269

†e‡Mv‡b P‡j Avi KZKvj
_vK‡e c‡i wcQ‡b wed‡j!
†`L‡Qvbv Kx! AvuL Ly‡j
†Zvgv‡`i cvk¦©eZ©x muv_x¸‡j
gy‡L ZIqv°v ivwL Bwćj
Kj Kâv¸‡jv †mu‡V Zv‡Z
nvRviI †Nvi kw³ Ry‡o
eû ˆeÁvwbK Dcvq Avcb kª‡g
ÔûÕ Ki mgqUzKz ch©š—
kvwš— my‡L n‡q‡Q Amg_©|
bvwR‡g duvwm‡q †M‡Q
d¨vwmRg wb‡q
Ks‡MÖm jxM †P‡q Av‡Q
ÔnuvÕ K‡i Ô_Õ w`‡q;
†Zgwb c‡o Av‡Q
wgki Avie jxM Biv‡b|
KwgDwbRg dYv †dvmv‡”Q
b¨vkbvwjRg wMj‡e e‡j
b¨vkbvwjRg †fK a‡i‡Q
RvwZms‡N wePvi n‡e;
PzlY bxwZ RvwM‡q Av‡Q
cÖxwZ †ZvlY Kv‡jvevRvix cÖeÂbv e‡j;
†h‡nZz gv‡b bv †Kn gxgvsmv
hvnv †`Iqv †M‡Q Avjvgxb †hv‡M
eû c~‡e© Avie f‚‡g
myó b¨vqwbô mvg¨ev`
¯^vZš¿ MYZš¿ kvmY †fv‡U|
An¼v‡ii j¨vjxngvb wkLvwMœ
RvMÖZ †i‡L‡Q aivi ey‡K
ni Kv‡R ni`‡g fzj c‡_
me©Î aivavg ÔevB w` †jd&UÕ
gvwb‡q Avi gvbv‡q|
†jÞ wM‡q‡Q e¨vix n‡q

†jvd&U K‡i Avi cv‡o
Zvm& m‡i‡Q Um& K‡i
Uvmwgwbqv I A‡÷ªwjqv‡Z|
†Zvgiv †Kb G my‡hv‡M
ûm& K‡i fzj †f‡½
Pvwi †KZve Pvwi †e`
†h GKB e¯‘
wbtm‡›`‡n gvwb‡q wb‡q
GK n‡q|
†hvM¨Zi †L‡jvqvo †e‡Q
wd‡i w`”Q bv dzUejwU‡K
AjcvwU© A_©vr No Party
†dWv‡ikb wdì wfZi w`‡q
Lye †Rv‡i!!
Kvg¯‹vUKv `uvwo‡q??
myô b¨vqwbô mvg¨ev`
¯^vZš¿ MYZš¿ nuvK †Q‡o|
†duwK‡q gvi ejwU‡K Lye †Rv‡i
js m‡U Avi nvB m‡U
evB w` ivBU gvwb‡q Avi gvbv‡q
ni Kv‡R ni `‡g b¨vq c‡_|
bvQi“gwgbvj−v‡n A-dvZûb Kvixe|
SvÛv Dov‡q
nuvwK‡q ej †idix gnvZ¡v Gmªvwdj
dzKzK euvkx fxg †Pv‡U
Avj KvwiqvZz gvj Kvixqvn WvK †nu‡K
†NvlyK dvDj nvi c‡U
`w¶Y c~e© Gwkqv Ry‡o
†UK †Kqvi ewj †PvL jvwj‡q
GqvRyR gvRyR KwgDwbó‡K|
†Nvwl‡q `vI dzrK‡i
cÖvPxi w`‡q †gnj&Z †`Iqv
n‡ebv Avi f‡e wKQy‡Z
mgq msKxY© †nZz Av‡jKRvÛvix

270

cwjwQ‡Z
hv‡K e‡j Qv‡Ï RyjKvi bvBb †Kviv‡b|
GMR©‡bI hw` bvw¯—KZv bv m‡i
AbyZv‡c
wbðqB Z‡e mvi‡e Gevi
ZvIqvb AvD Kvinvb †hv‡M|
nvq`ivev` RybvMo Kvk¥x‡i
evRyK euvkx ÔAjv` †`vqvj−xbÕ †Nv‡l|
n¨vÛ ej n‡q‡Q evcy ïwa‡q
cvwK¯’vb AvdMvb Bivb Zzi‡¯‹
†n`v‡qZ evYx Qwo‡q `vI
Nywl †g‡i ûm jI agwK †n‡K
dv‡e AvBG nvw`wmb dvq`vj−v‡n
A-AvqvZœx †Kb gvbv n‡”Qbv å“KzwU‡q!
gvweqv Dw¤§qv nvw`m¸‡jv
nvw`Qyj hv‡mBqv wVK †R‡b
Lv‡iRx iv‡dRx †gvZv‡Rjx
kxqv Qybœx jv-gRnvwe Kvw`qvbx
nvbvwd kvwd nv¤^jx gv‡jKx
ˆRbcyiv dzidziv kwl©Yv
gbMov eB¸wj
†dwK‡q †`DK jv_& gvix
gv`v‡qb AwMœ Kz‡Û
f®§ nDK wPiZ‡i
`„óvš— _vKzK aivi ey‡K
cieZ©x eskw¯’ esk civ¤ú‡i
Avi †hb RvwjqvwZ bv K‡i
mªóvi gvjvKz‡Z Avj−vni bv‡g|
Iì wbD †U÷v‡g›U Dcwbl`
†dKnv gQjv †Qqv‡QËv †hv‡M|
Ôdv Aqv‡qjyj−vûg wg¤§v KvZvevZ AvBw`wng
A-A Avqjyj−vûg wg¤§v BqvK‡QeybÕ ¯§‡i|

Kwl‡q †eu‡a †eëwU‡K †Kvg‡i
bvwg‡q co–K Svc w`‡q
†Ljvi gv‡V †Zvgv‡`i muv‡_
i“wP gvwdK cvMox `uvwo cwi”Q‡`
†jevQyj−v‡n †jevQyZ ZvKIqv Áv‡b|
dzKzK euvkx fxg †Pv‡U
cybe©v‡i †Zjvwee †Q›Uv‡i
KcUvPvix gvM`yi Aciv‡a
mZK©Zv evYx †Q‡o Qv‡gexi `‡j
ÔWz‡e givÕ Kcv‡j Av‡Q agwK‡q
c~e© cyi“l‡`i g‡ZwØZxq ev‡iI f‚ga¨ mvM‡i|
K¨vix K‡i wb‡q hvI
ejwU‡K
nb nwb‡q Lye `ª“‡Z†iv‡l civ `yg~Lv
RyovP¸‡jv Pxr K‡i
¯−xc w`‡q
nuvwK‡q †Nvl ciïivg nv‡K
`vc‡U Avi Pvc‡U
ÔgwiqgZbq CQviÕ
ïwj nq bvB
Zv‡`i ï‡j hvevi
m¤¢vebv Av‡Q
Gevi hw` ¶gv bv gv‡M
AbyZv‡c|
†dwK‡q `vI ejwU‡K
eû `~‡i nbjyjy Nv‡U
†Mvj Gwiqv‡Z nvB m‡U
evRyK g„`½ †NvlyK `yÜex
AvKvk cvZvj Ry‡o QwÎk iv‡M|
†idwi gnvÍv Gmªvwdj `ywY©evi nv‡K
†g`xwb cÖK¤úx‡q eRª wb‡N©v‡l
Avj KvwiqvZz gvj Kvwiqv WvK †nu‡K
me¸wj †cbvjwU mU&

271

wWKjv‡imb w`‡q nvi euv‡K
me duv‡K
h_vq h_vq Avev AqvQZvKeviv
aivi ey‡K
k‡ZK †Mvj XzwK‡q `vI
†e`g dªx mU& †c‡q|
eywS‡q AvBm me©‡k‡l
Avi †hb iv‡Lbv Kfz
Me© wnsmv An¼vi
†`k `j †f‡`
gvby‡l gvby‡l|
ÎvY hw` wb‡Z n‡e
ÔAvZvKzbyj wRevjy Kvj Gn&wbj gvbdz‡m|Õ
evB w` ivBU Uvib© e‡j
Mwo‡q †Zvj `jwU‡K
ni Kv‡R nvi`‡g mr c‡_
wjj−vnxj Avgi“ wgb Kvejy A-gxb evq`y
wVK †R‡b|
Nywi‡q AvBm c~Y© †M−vewU
GBfv‡e
ivBU ûBj ivBU ûBj WvK †Q‡o
†`L‡e c‡i AvwLu Rov‡q
GevDU Uvib© G‡b w`‡q‡Q
†Kejv i“‡K
†hgwb †b‡gwQ‡j Kg©‡¶‡Î
cÖ_g ev‡i|
†cÖg jni †ewóZ
eªþvi eªþvÛwU Ae‡k‡l
hv‡K ej Av‡L‡i|
†hgwb wZwb e‡j‡Qb †dviKv‡b
BqvI gvGRxb BqvK ivûj gy‡gbybv
†e-bvQixj−vn evYx cy‡Z|
G¾Z ûigZ †LjvdZ ûKzgZ

wbwe©‡Nœ Kwi‡e †fvM
†h‡nZz K‡i‡Qv Nv‡qj
kqZvb gi`yZ BewjQ Amyi
my`„p mve¨¯— cv‡e m‡e
me©Î †`vjK †MvjK
†mŠiRMZ e¨v‡c|
Avbœvj Avi`v Bqv‡iQynv
Gevw`qv”Qv‡jûb
h_v_©B e‡U|
Avj−vni †kªôZ¡ RvMÖZ _vK‡e
Ny‡i Ny‡i mß P‡µ
Ô`viv‡q ZvKexi Avj−vû AvKeviÕ
w¯’‡Z g‡Z I e¨vL¨v‡Z
ej: Avj−vû Avj−vû Avj−vû †RviM‡j
†cÖiYv dzUv‡Z PvI hw` me©v‡½
GcyZ evYx wVK †R‡b
cÖ_g †kªYx Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ
n‡q †M‡Qb AvjAvgx‡b|
DuPz bxPz †f`v‡f`
†`k `j †f‡`
i‡e bv Avi †Kv_vI
Avj−vni aivi c…‡ô
gxgvskxZ n‡q †dviKvb g‡Z
GKZ¡ myô mvg¨ev` Áv‡b|
nv‡Z nvZ wgjv‡q me©Rv‡Z
`jv`wj w`‡q GKgZ n‡q
Avjxmvb fxo Rgv‡e H
Avivdvi gv‡V MÖxbDBP †g‡b|
RvMwZK me© e¨vcv‡i
†iRvjyj Avjvj Avivd e‡j
c~Y© Áv‡b gv‡b m¤§v‡b
Kvqvddv †gvQ‡jgxb hv‡K e‡j
†KviAv‡b|

272

byZb Kv‡j MYbv ïi“ n‡e
BqvIgv nvw¾j AvKevi †c‡q
DÌvb wb‡q BqvIgyj evqQy g‡ZZvi ci †_‡K hv‡e m‡e
Avj−vû evwK mv‡_
iƒn I gvjvGKvZ GK n‡q
b~i“b Avjv b~i
AMÖmi †c‡Z †c‡Z
DwV‡Z DwV‡Z †MŠi‡ei D”P wk‡i
KvZv‡i KvZvi `j euvwa‡e|
GBfv‡e Pj‡Z _vK‡e
mªóvi †Ljv †Lwj
mß P‡µ KvjvKvj Ry‡o|
Rb¥ g„Zz¨ Pj‡Z _vK‡e
c~e© gwZ GKB g‡Z
mv‡_ mv‡_|
ej: Avj−vû AvKevi Avj−vû AvKevi Avj−vû AvKevi
Ajxj−vnxj nvg&` AqvZ ZvgwR`|
†cÖ‡g †cÖ‡g RvMÖZ †Rv‡o
GK n‡q GK my‡i mK‡j
Bû`x-BmvBi ÔBÕ ey‡×i ÔeÕ
iv‡gi ÔivÕ †gvQjgv‡bi ÔgÕ
m‡e wg‡j ÔBeªvnxgÔ Mo‡e
cybt
wb‡iU †kvwfZ Beªvnxg †gj−v‡Z
RM‡Zi ey‡K Pwj‡e my`„p
†h‡nZz msnvi K‡i‡Qv
Auvavi iRbx me
Avev-AqvQ ZvKeviv K…Z
RM‡Zi ey‡K hy‡M hy‡M
gbMov eB †hv‡M AvbxZ
Bûw`-BQvBi ÔBÕ ey× eªvþ‡bi ÔeÕ
gyQj−xi ÔwjÕ QÙ‡ekxi ÔQÕ
m‡e wg‡j ÔBewjQÔ e‡b|

ag© I kvmY wØav wef³ K‡i
nvgvb gviIqvb Qv‡gix RyWvP g‡Z
wewa `vZv ÔweavZviÕ
Ôa„Õ-avZz ÔaviYÕ ZvB aivi
aiY KiY mgy`q wµqv‡Z
ag©ivR Avj−vn `Ë wewa
dv-G¤§v BqvwZbœvKzg wgwbœû`vb cwie‡Z©|
ej; Avj−vû AvKevi Avj−vû AvKevi Avj−vû AvKevi
†RviM‡j
GKvMÖ wP‡Ë Aš—‡ii gg© †f` K‡i
G‡KB e‡j Zv-`v‡ivqvb A LywKqv †Kviv‡b|
Aš—i P¶z Ly‡j hv‡e
me©v½ †cÖiYv GK n‡q
m„wó †Rvov evQviZ †c‡q
Kzjeyj †gv‡gbxbv AviQyj−vn g‡Z|
mnR c_ KvgvB cv‡e
ûeû DËi †c‡ZAvj−vû †eKz‡j− mvBb gwnZ n‡Z
†h‡nZz Kzj− mvBb Ry‡o
WvK †cuŠQv”Q GLb †_‡K
ûeû Wv‡K WvK‡Z _vK
RIqve cv‡e nvi Wv‡K|
DwRey `vIqvZvZ& `v‡ivRv `vivq g‡Z
†cuŠwQ‡q hvI ev‡i ev‡i Ô†mÕ
Lviiv gyQv Qv‡qKv n‡q
ej: Avj−vû Avj−vû Avj−vû †Rvi M‡j
GKvMÖ wP‡Ë
gi‡gi gg© †f` K‡i
web‡q
†eû`v nvDKvD bv K‡i
†avKv evwR Q‡j wejRvnv‡i
Dcvq nqbv Drm Dcvq Dcvm¨
e¨wZ‡i‡K
GcyZ evYxi †cÖiYv wb‡q
Ô†gvnv¤§` n‡q †M‡Qb: