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civ‡_©
‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZ
[The Koran vs. Shariah ]

‡gvnv¤§` Rvwgjyj evmvi

civ‡_©
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‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZ Koran bonam Shariah [The Koran vs. Shariah]

[ The Koran vs. Shariah ] Author: Mohammed Jamilul Bashar


Founder & President
Young Muslim Society Bangladesh-Canada.

Editor: Mhd. Bazlur Rahman Sadhu

Ist edition: 20th January, 2007

Published by:
Young Muslim Society [Noble Youth Association]
Writer: Mohammed Jamilul Bashar Canada.

Printers & Distributors:


Editor: Mhd. Bazlur Rahman Sadhu

Copy right: Reserved by the Author.

Cover arts : Osman

Proof Reader:

Price: CD $ 30.00, US $ 25.00, Taka: 400.00

[The Koran vs. Shariah: A book of human religious


reformation, specially in Islam. Author: Mohammed
Jamilul Bashar.Editor: Mhd. Bazlur Rahman Sadhu;
Published by: Young Muslim Society [Noble Youth
Association], Canada. 11 Knightsbridge
Rd,.Brampton, Ontario,Canada. Ph. 905-7918712.
Publisher:Young Muslim Society [Noble Email:sangsker@yahoo.com Copy Right: Reserved by
Youth Association] the Author.]
Bangladesh-Canada
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DrmM© wb‡e`b
Ô‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZÕ MÖ‡š’ wZj cwigvYI hw` MÖš’Lvwb †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wjwLZ Ges m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb
gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi wKQy _v‡K Z‡e ZvÕ wcZv wfwËK| Gi cÖvq cÖ‡Z¨KwU welq I fveavivi ¯^c‡¶ Qyivi
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK I gvZv byiRvnvb bvg I AvqvZ b¤^i †`qv Av‡Q| wbZvš— cÖ‡qvR‡b †¶Î
we‡k‡l GKB AvqvZ I fveaviv GKvwaKevi GgbwK eûevi
†eMg Ges Zv‡`i ¸i““ I wcZv Avgvi bvbvRvb D×…Z Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges Gi fve I fvlv Ggb mnR I
†cÖiYvcÖvß AvKmvi DwÏb Avn&g‡`i c‡¶ mijfv‡e ewY©Z n‡q‡Q ‡h, wbZvš— mvaviY †jv‡KiI
civ‡_© DrmM© Kiv n‡jv| Avi AKj¨v‡Yi eyS‡Z ‡hb †eM †c‡Z bv nq| Av‡iv GKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq
hw` wKQy _v‡K Z‡e Zvi cy‡ivUvB Avgvi D‡j−L¨ †h, cÖavbZt gymwjg ag© wfwËK †jLv n‡jI eBwUi
g~j welqe¯‘ gvbe ag© wfwËK|
Rb¨ wbw`©ó iBj|--MÖš’Kvi †h †Kvb ai‡bi fzj-åvwš— wbZvš— ¯^vfvweK; wKš‘ `„p
wek¦vm †h, †Kviv‡bi evB‡i A_ev Gi wecixZ wKQyB †bB,
†bB mivmwi wbR¯^ gZev`| ZeyI ms‡kva‡bi wbwg‡Ë
mgv‡R wZj cwigvb †Mvj‡hvM, Akvwš— m„wó wPiZ‡i
eR©bxq Ges f`ª, Av`k© A_©vr BmjvwgK e¨envi
AbymiYxq| KviY †h †Kvb ARynv‡ZB †nvK mgv‡R
†Mvj‡hvM m„wó Kiv LyYv-LyYxi †P‡qI N„Y¨ Aciva ‡nZz
kvwš—ev` Z_v Bmjvg we‡ivax|
MÖš’wUi g~j e³e¨ : gvbyl ej‡Z GKB c„w_ex‡Z GKK
RvwZ| G‡`i R‡b¥i myÎ GK, cwiYwZI GK Ges mªóvI
GKK I Awfbœ| AZGe Rb¥ g„Zz¨i gv‡S GKvwaK ag© wek¦vm
wKQy‡ZB hyw³m½Z n‡Z cv‡i bv| GKK gvbe†Mvwôi, GKK
ag© Z_v gvb‡ei ggZ¡‡eva, gvbeZv ev kvwš—ev`B Pzovš— ag©
Ges Bnvi cÖavb ¯—¤¢: mr, cwikªg, Z¨vM I ˆah©kxj
AZtci mªóvq wek¦vmx Ges GB PviwU ¯—¤¢ `uvo Kiv‡Z n‡e
‡jvf, wnsmv, †gvn I AnOKv‡ii eyK †f` K‡i|
e¯‘-Ae¯‘, mKj Rxe Z_v mKj gvby‡li Aš—‡iB Avj−vni
Ae¯’vb; ag©-Kg© I wek¦v‡mi †K›`ª we›`y ¯^-¯^ Aš—i; AZGe
†`‡ki cv_©K¨ Qvov AgyK ag©, wfbœ ag©, wn›`y, †gvm‡jg,
wLª÷vb ag© BZ¨vw` e‡j cv_©K¨ Kivi my‡hvM †bB! mKj
Hkx MÖš’B GKK Avj−vn †_‡K, Awfbœ Ges GKB gvbeZvi
D‡Ï‡k¨| wKš‘ mKj Kv‡ji †Mvov ag©vÜMY bex-ivQyj,
AeZvi-†`eZv‡`i bv‡g kwiqZ iPbv K‡i GKK gbyl¨
cwiev‡i gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i‡Q Ges KvjvKvj‡f`x ¯^-
4

‡Mvwôi i‡³i ûwj †Ljvq gË i‡q‡Q| mKj RvwZi cÖPwjZ m¤cv`Kxq


†gŠjev` gv‡bB ag©vÜ Ges Hkx MÖš’ wei“× hv †Kvivb, Ô‡Kvivb ebvg kwiqZÕ MÖš’wU mKj RvwZi ag©xq Kzms¯‹vi
†e`-MxZv BZ¨vw` †_‡KB cÖgvY Kiv n‡q‡Q| we‡ivax GKwU wbi‡c¶ gvbe ag© ms¯‹vig~jK MÖš’| mKj
g~jZt ivQyj gvbv Avi †Kvivb gvbvq wZj cwigvY Zdvr RvwZi †gŠjev`, ag©xq †Mvovgx, wefrm mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv, ag©
†bB, GLv‡b Z…Zxq `j I gZ AevwÂZ| I ivRbxwZi bv‡g cÖZviYv, hveZxq weq‡qi KviY Ges
AZGe ¯^-¯^ g~j Hkx MÖš’ Avcb fvlvq bv †evSv Ges Zvi mgvav‡bi mwVK wb‡`©kbv msewjZ GKwU AKíbxq
ev¯—e AbymiY bv Kiv ch©š— Rb¥MZ, `jMZ ev mv¤cÖ`vwqK
wn›`y, †gvm‡jg, wLª÷vb, Bûw`, †eŠ×, wkL BZ¨vw` `vex ev iPbv| 17wU Aa¨v‡q 96wU welq msewjZ eBwU †e`-
KvíwbK AwaKvi Aev¯—i| cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi DwPr `yÕb¤^ix †KvivwbK Mfxi M‡elYvjã `~j©f I Amxg mvnwmK cÖKvk|
ag©MÖš’ †Q‡o ¯^-¯^ g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’ wd‡i Avmv Ges Avm‡jB MÖš’wUi mKj welq g‡bv‡hvmnKv‡i c‡owQ Ges ü`q½g
cÖgvY cv‡e †h gvbe a‡g© Avi †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB| BZ¨vw`
welq †e`, †Kvivb I nvw`m gyLv-gyLx DÌvcb K‡i Dnvi Kivi AvcÖvY †Póv K‡iwQ; hZB c‡owQ ZZB MÖš’Kvi
mZ¨vmZ¨ cvV‡Ki mvg‡b Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| gvbv bv gvbv Rvwgjyj evmv‡ii wbi‡c¶ I my¶vwZmy² ag© Áv‡bi
cvV‡Ki B”Qvaxb wKš‘ wnsmv we‡Ø‡li ekeZ©x n‡q lohš¿, cwiPq †c‡q nZevK n‡qwQ|
wg_¨v Acev` w`‡q mgv‡R Akvwš— m„wó Kiv †gv‡UB
B”Qvaxb ev e¨w³MZ welq bq| ag© m¤c‡K© Ghver Kvj AÜ wek¦vm I KvíwbK Avkv
m¤cÖwZ evsjv‡`k miKvi c~e© cÖKvwkZ Ôms¯‹viÕ MÖš’wU e¨ZxZ wKQyB cvBwb| hw`I bvgvR, †ivRv, †Kvivb cov
2003 mv‡j ev‡Rqvß K‡i‡Qb| hw`I Rvbv g‡Z Ôms¯‹viÕ BZ¨vw` ag©xq Abyôvbvw` esk ci¤civq cvjY K‡i AvmwQ|
MÖ‡š’ †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i ev wecwiZ wKQy cÖgvb Kiv m¤¢e Abyôvb me©¯^ cÖPwjZ mv¤cÖ`vwqK ag© wek¦vm gymwjg Z_v
nqwb| AZGe eBwU evwZj Kivi A_© cÖKv‡k¨ †Kvivb‡KB
A¯^xKvi Kiv| gymwjg Aay¨wmZ, gymwjg cwiPvwjZ, gvbe wek¦‡K g~jZt ‡h Akvwš—, i³v-iw³ I Kzdzixi g‡a¨
kwiqZ cÖhy³ miKv‡ii c‡¶ KvRwU Kiv wbZvš— †e-AvBbx Wywe‡q †i‡L‡Q, D³ eBwU cvV K‡i Zv my²fv‡e Dcjwã
I j¾vi welq| e¨w³ ev mKj `‡ji DwPr GB †KvivwbK K‡iwQ|
`k©b ev¯—evq‡Y me©v‡MÖ GwM‡q Avmv| `„p wek¦vm †h, cÖK…Z
avwg©KMY ¯^ I mvwe©K ¯^v‡_© eBwU cÖPv‡i mva¨ gZ ag©xq †Kviv‡bi wbi‡c¶ ‰ewkó I wekvjZvi cÖZ¨¶ cwiPq
`vwqZ¡‡ev‡ai ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f‚wgKv ivL‡eb| †c‡q bZzb K‡i a‡g©i cÖwZ AvK…ó n‡qwQ; nZevK n‡qwQ,
eBwU e¨emv wfwËK bq| ms¯’vi Znwej MV‡bi Rb¨ cÖK…Z gvbe ag© I mªóv m„wó m¤^‡Ü bZzb Ges mwVK Z_¨
g~j¨ avh© Kiv n‡q‡Q| c~e© cÖKvwkZ Ôms¯‹viÕ mg~n eB¸wj
webvg~‡j¨ weZiY Kiv n‡q‡Q| †c‡q|
MÖš’wUi cÖavb welqe¯‘ wcZv I ¸i“ †cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj bvgvR-‡ivRv, n¾-RvKvZ I we‡q ZvjvK †_‡K ïi“ K‡i
nK I bvbv †cÖiYvcÖvß AvKmvi DwÏb Avn&g‡`i ‡KvivwbK Rb¥-g„Zz¨, jq-cÖjq, Kei-†KqvgZ, †e‡n¯—-‡`vhL,
`k©Y Abymi‡Y iwPZ|
mªóv-m„wó; ivQyj-bex; mgvR, ag© I ivRbxwZ; †ivM-
webxZ- `y‡h©vM; e¨w³, †`k Z_v we‡k¦i hveZxq mgm¨vi KviY I
MÖš’Kvi|
Zvi mgvavb Ggb †KvivwbK myKwVY hyw³ cÖgvbmnKv‡i
Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb hv co‡j RvwZ-ag© wbwe©‡k‡l e¨w³
5

gvÎB nZevK n‡eb e‡j Avgvi wek¦vm| D`vniY ¯^iƒc 15 m~wPcÎ


kZ erm‡ii cvwjZ †ivRv I n¾-‡Kvievbxi ˆewkó I
mgq-ZvwiL BZ¨vw` †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K f~j cÖgvb * ‡jLK I m¤úv`Kmn K‡qKwU `~j©f Qwe
cÖ_g Aa¨vq
K‡i‡Qb| 1. ˆKwdqr
Avw`Kvj †_‡K Kw_Z n‡q Avm‡Q †h, †Kvb GK Kv‡j 2. cÖv_©bv [QvjvZ]
we‡k¦i mKj gvbyl GKK a‡g© `xw¶Z n‡e| K_vwU hw` wØZxq Aa¨vq
mwZ¨B nq Z‡e Avgvi wek¦vm,Zvi myPbv GB MÖš’wU| KviY 3. nvw`m Kvnv‡K e‡j
Avgvi Rvbv g‡Z gvbweK Kj¨v‡Y †Kviv‡bi gg©v_© cÖKv‡k 4. nvw`m msKj‡b ivQy‡ji KwVb wb‡lavÁv
Ggb mnR-mij Z_v AKvU¨ hyw³ cÖgvbvw` m¤^wjZ MÖš’ 5. nvw`m msKj‡b †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi f‚wgKv
6. nvw`m msKj‡b Pvi Bgv‡gi f‚wgKv
wØZxqwU ‡Kn wj‡L‡Qb e‡j GLb ch©š— Rvbv hvqwb|
7. Imgv‡bi †LjvdZ †_‡K cieZx© gymwjg mgvR
GB cÖ_g ms¯‹iY I wØZxq gy`ª‡Y †ek wKQy fveaviv 8. nvw`‡mi cÖK…wZ I DrcwË
ms‡kvab Kiv n‡q‡Q| 9. nvw`m msMÖ‡ni BwZnvm
webxZ- 10. nvw`m mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶vi Awfbe c×wZ
‡gv: eRjyi ingvb (mvay) 11. †evLvixi (i) nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
12. †gvm‡j‡gi (i) nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
13. wn›`y‡`i GKwU nvw`m
14. nvw`m iPbvq ivQy‡ji wb‡lavÁvi we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv
15. nvw`m mg_©‡b †h mKj AvqvZ e¨eüZ nq
16. wbR¯^ g‡Z hviv ag©MÖš’ iPbv K‡i
17. †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨
18. mivmwi †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m
19. ag©-K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_© MÖnY nvivg
20. Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g wg_¨v fqfxwZ I †jvf cÖ`k©b
21. Av‡iv wKQy †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m
22. me©Kv‡ji me©e„nr gvQwU [giv gvQ nvjv‡ji nvw`m]
23. gnvbexi cwievi m¤^‡Ü gvbnvwbKi nvw`m
24. Avey †nvivqivi (iv) msw¶ß Rxebx
25. a‡g©i bv‡g cÖZviYvi Avš—R©vwZK `wjj
26. †gvU K_v-†kl K_v
Z…Zxq Aa¨vq
27. gnvbex †Kviv‡bi evB‡i wKQy e‡jb wb
6

28. gnv bex wK K‡i‡Qb-e‡j‡Qb 58. mKj bweB wek¦ bwe I Awfbœ a‡g©i bwe
29. gnv bex g~L© ev wbi¶i wQ‡jb bv 59. †e`-MxZvq g~wZ© cyRv wbwl×, Mi“ LvIqv, Kei †`qv
30. gnv bex fwel¨r Rvb‡Zb bv wm×
31. gnv bexi `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ Aóg Aa¨vq
PZz_© A_¨vq 60. ag© wbi‡c¶Zv
32. †Kvivb c~Y©, mnR-mij 61. †gvm‡jg
33. †Kvivb e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY© 62. ‡gvm‡jg mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv
34. †Kvivb ey‡S covi KwVb ZvwM` 63. Avn&g`xqv †gvm‡jg
35. †Kvivb ïay g~L¯’ Kivi Rb¨ bq 64. Kvwdi
36. †Kvivb Ávbx‡`i Rb¨ 65. wRnv`
37. †Kvivb bv †evSvi KviY beg Aa¨vq
38. †Kvivb bZzb wKQy bq 66. Aviex fvlv
39. †Kvivb mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i mgvnvi 67. ‡Kvivb msKjb weZ‡K©i D‡×©!
cÂg Aa¨vq 68. †gŠjex-gvIjvbv
40. mybœZ 69. †gvnv¤§` I Avn¤§`
41. nvw`m I mybœ‡Zi cv_©K¨ `kg Aa¨vq
42. a‡g© `uvwo †cvlv‡Ki f~wgKv 70. bvgvR
43. wgjv` 71. bvgv‡Ri Iqv³
44. kÕ†e eivZ 72. bvgvR m¤^‡Ü Avey nvwbdvi AwfgZ
73. bvgvR m¤^‡Ü AvKmvi DwÏb Avn&g‡`i GKwU NUbv
45. kÕ‡e K`i 74. Puv‡`i duv‡` †gvmjgvb [†ivRvi gvm ˆea bq]
46. kÕ‡e †givR 75. RvKvZ
47. wKe&jv 76. n¾ I †Kvievbx [ZvwiL ˆea bq]
lô Aa¨vq 77. mvßvwnK QywU I Rygvi w`b
48. Pvi wewe ˆea bq GKv`k Aa¨vq
49. we‡qi AvIZv 78. civ_©B wm×v_©
50. wbKU fvB‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q cÖ_v nvivg 79. Avj−vni cwiPq
51. d‡Zvqv 80. Avj−vn wKfv‡e KvR K‡i
52. ZvjvK 81. bwe I ivQy‡ji cv_©K¨
53. nvivg-nvjvj Lv`¨`ªe¨ 82. Awn-bvwRj
mßg Aa¨vq Øv`k Aa¨vq
54. ‡kl bwe gZev` 83. ag© `k©b
55. beyqZ †kl bq 84. m„wói ag©
56. AmsL¨ ivQyj‡`i nw`m †Kv_vq 85. gvbyl m„wói aviYv
57. CQv I Bgvg †gn`xi AvMgb 86. Rb¥vš—iev`
7

87. †KqvgZ
88. ‡e‡n¯—-‡`vhL
PZ©~`k Aa¨vq
89. K‡qKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© weZK©xZ welq
K. wkiK
L. Aveyjvnve aŸsm
M. Avevwej cvLxi Aveivnv aŸsm
N. 6w`‡b m„wó I 7g w`‡b wekªvg
O. Bewjm
P. g`
Q. my`
R. ïKi
S. wnRve
T. P›`ª `yÕfvM
90. gyZy¨I c~‡e© m¤úwË DBj Kiv IqvwRe
91. GK bR‡i †Kvivb ebvg kwiqZ
92. g„Zz¨i Av‡M m¤úwË DBj Kiv IqvwRe
cÂ`k Aa¨vq
93. AvR‡Ki gvbe mgvR
94. `jZš¿ MYZ‡š¿i cwicwš’
95. RvwZmsN-Av‡gwiKv-jv‡`b
96. Qvjvgy AvjvBKzg
lô`k Aa¨vq
97. †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwUi
[f`ª hye ms¯’v] †NvlYv
98 Announcement of Young Muslim
Society in the light of The Quran.
99. cyi¯‹vi cÎ nhiZ Avjx wki G †Lv`v| [ QwewU m¤^‡Ü mybœx‡`i mslq
_vK‡jI wkqvMY Zuvi cÖK…Z Qwe e‡jB wek¦vm K‡ib|]
8

†jL‡Ki wcZv: ‡cÖibv cÖvß gwReyj nK; g„Zz¨: 16B Ryb,


‡jL‡Ki bvbvRvb: ‡cÖibv cÖvß AvKmvi DwÏb 1969|
Avn&g`; g„Zz¨: 11B Rvbyqvix, 1956|
9

civ‡_©
cÖ_g Aa¨vq

1 ˆKwdqr!

wZév Av-Bqv-Zzj−v-wn bvrjynv-AvjvBKv wej nvK¡; dvwe


AvBwq¨
nvw`wQ¤^vÕ`vj−v-wn AAv-Bqv-wZnx BDwgbyb [45:RvwQqv-
6; 77:
gyiQvjvZ-50]
A_©: H mg¯— Avj−vni AvqvZ mnR mij e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©
K‡i‡Qb myZivs Zviv Avj−vn I Zvi nvw`m (AvqvZ) Qvov
Avi Kvi nvw`‡m (Avqv‡Z) wek¦vm Ki‡Z Pvq?

A jvI ZvKveŸvjv AvjvBbv ev`vj AvKvwe‡j jv AvLvRbv


wgbû wej
Bqvwgb, Qy¤§v jvKvZvqvbv wgbûj AwZb, dvgv wgb°zg wgb
Avnvw`b Avbû nv‡RwRb [69: nv°v-44-47]
‡jLK I m¤úv`K
A_©: †m [ivQyj] hw` Avj−vni bv‡g wb‡Ri Zid †_‡K wKQy
iPbv Ki‡ZvZ‡e Aek¨B Zvi Wvb nvZ cvKovI K‡i Zvi
Rxeb agbx †K‡U †djZvg; AZtci †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡iv mva¨
_vK‡Zv bv Zv‡K i¶v Kivi|
10

2 cÖv _© bv civ‡_©
[QvjvZ] wØZxq Aa¨vq

Avjnvg`y wjj−v-wn hZ¯‘wZev`eywj ¯‘wZeywj 3 nvw`m Kvnv‡K e‡j


ivweŸj ÕAv-jvgxb cÖvc¨ Avj−vû GKgvÎ
wZwb cwi‡cvlYKvix nvw`m A_©: K_v, evYx, Lei, Bw½Z, Awn, BwZnvm
me©bvgavix w`evivÎ ; BZ¨vw`| AvaywbK nvw`m MÖ‡š’ Kg K‡i n‡jI nvw`‡mi Qq
Aviivngv-wbi-ivnxg weKvk cÖKvk wZwb iK‡gi msÁv cvIqv hvq| hvi g~j ˆewkó¨ n‡jv ÔAwnÕ
gv-wjwK BqvDwgÏxb wZwbB AwaKvix Kvj aiYxi| e¨wZ‡i‡K ivQyj [mv] †_‡K ïi“ K‡i Qvnvev, [ivQyj‡K hviv
†`‡L‡Qb] Zv‡eBb, [Qvnvev‡`i‡K hviv †`‡L‡Qb] Zv‡e-
Bq¨v-Kv bvÕey`y weµxZKwg©MY†gviv AvbyMZ¨ Zv‡eCb,[Zv‡eBb‡`i hviv †`‡L‡Qb] AZtci cieZ©x
†ZvgviB Kg© Kwi mviv gbxlxM‡Yi K_v I KvR‡KB nvw`m e‡j AvL¨vwqZ
K‡i‡Qb| A_©vr nvw`‡mi wbw`©ó †Kvb msÁv †bB| Avi GB
ABq¨v-Kv bv¯—vÕCb myZivs `vex †gv‡`i b¨vh¨ `iLv¯— my‡Îi g~j Avwe®‹viK ev †NvlK †K! Zvi †Kvb bvg wVKvbv
me©Î Aweivg cvB †hb †bB; †bB †Kvb wbw`©ó cwiPq ev BwZnvm| cÖavbZt
Ze Kg© †cÖiYv mvnvh¨| ivQy‡ji [mv] K_v-KvR‡KB †h nvw`m ejv n‡e Ggb †Kvb
Bnw`bvw”Qiv-Z¡vj gyËvK¡xg b¨vq c‡_ PvjvBI †gv‡`‡i `wjj cÖgvY †Kviv‡b †bB, †bB nvw`‡mI|
wQiv-Z¡vj−vRxbv Avb AvgZv P‚ovš— Zwor c×wZ‡Z ; D‡j−wLZ myÎ QvovI ivQyj [mv] I QvnvevMY Ggb †Kvb K_v
ÕAvjvBwng h_vh_ c‡_ Zv‡`i ev Kv‡Ri c‡¶ wec‡¶ ÔnvÕ ev ÔbvÕ †Kvb DËi ev gš—e¨ bv
cyi¯‹vi weZwoQDc‡i hv‡`i| K‡i eis bxie i‡q‡Qb, Ggb K_v I Kg©‡KI nvw`m
M¦vBwij gvM¦Øywe AvjvBwng PvjvBIbv †iv‡l civ msÁvi Aš—f©~³ K‡i‡Qb| nvw`m wekvi`MY Ggb nvw`‡mi
AjvØqv--j−xb| Avi åóPvixi c‡_| GKwU bgybvI †ck K‡i‡Qb, ‡mwU wbæiƒc:
ÒivQyj [mv] GK`j Qvnvev‡`i ewb KzivBRv †Mv‡Îi
[†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK] D‡Ï‡k¨ iIqvbv Kwi‡q Zv‡`i‡K wb‡`©k †`b †h, Ô†Zvgiv
*** †KD †hb ewb-KzivBRvq bv †cŠ‡Q bvgvR bv c‡ov|Õ c‡_
Avm‡ii Iqv³ †kl n‡q hvq †`‡L `‡ji GK Ask c‡_B
bvgvR c‡o †bb| Avi Ab¨ AskwU ewb-KzivBRvq †cuŠ‡Q
gvM‡ie I AvQi GK m‡½ c‡o †bb| c‡i ivQy‡ji (mv)
mvg‡b G‡m GK_v eY©bv Kiv n‡j wZwb bxie _v‡Kb| A_©vr
bxi‡e Dfq `‡ji KvR‡K mg_©b K‡ib|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, GKB `jfz³ `yB Dc-`‡ji QvnvevMY wK
wK K_v I hyw³-Z‡K©i Ici wfwË K‡i wfbœ mgq, wfbœ
RvqMvq I wfbœ Rvgv‡Z bvgvR co‡jb; †m¸wj wKš‘ nvw`m
kv‡mª ¯’vb †`bwb, hw`I mgv‡Ri Rb¨ Zv wQj AZ¨š—
Ri“ix!
11

Qwnn †evLvixi R‰bK Abyev`K welqwU dzU †bv‡U e¨vL¨v hvb| AZtci wZwb nhiZ Avey eKi‡K [iv] Abyiƒc cÖ¯—ve
K‡i wj‡L‡Qb, Òhviv c‡_ bvgvR c‡o †bb, Zviv ivQy‡ji w`‡j wZwbI bxie _v‡Kb| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl ;
[mv] K_vi A_© K‡ib, ÔPjvi MwZ GZ `ª“Z Ki‡Z n‡e wØZxq LÛ, c„: 485]
hv‡Z Avm‡ii g‡a¨B ewb KzivBRvq †cŠ‡Q hvIqv hvq|Õ nhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] cÖ¯—v‡e nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Ô†f‡e †`wLÕ
Avi A‡b¨iv ivQy‡j (mv)-Gi wb‡`©k‡K kvwãK I ¯’zj A‡_© ch©š—B DËi w`‡q‡Qb| DËiwU Aek¨B Avkve¨ÄK wQj|
†bb|Ó [`ª:†evLvix, 1g LÛ;AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, ÔcÖm½ AZtci wZwb Ônu¨vÕ ev ÔbvÕ †KvbB Reve bv w`‡q eis
K_v,Õ c„: (L)] bxie ev †gŠb wQ‡jb| AZGe nvw`m m~Î †gvZv‡eK wZwb
bgybvwUi mgv‡jvPbv cÖ¯—v‡e ivRx wQ‡jb! A_P wZwb Zv‡K we‡q K‡ibwb|
hviv Pjvi MwZ `ª“Z K‡i Avm‡ii c~‡e©B ewb-KzivBRvq AZtci wZwb nhiZ Avey eKi‡K [iv] H GKB cÖ¯—ve w`‡j
†cŠQvi A_© †f‡e †bb, Zviv †hgb ivQy‡ji (mv) Av‡`k wZwbI cwi¯‹vi bxie _v‡Kb| A_P wZwbI we‡q K‡ibwb!
cvj‡Y e¨_© n‡q‡Qb, Avi hviv ewb-KzivBRvq †cuŠ‡Q nvw`m †eËvMY GKB MÖ‡š’ ivQyj [mv] I Qvnvev‡`i bv‡g GB
Avmi I gvMwi‡ei bvgvR GK‡Î K‡ib, ZvivI †Zgb wecixZ gyLx m~Î I gš—e¨ gymwjg mgvR‡K eoB weåvš—
ivQy‡ji [mv] Av‡`k cvj‡Y e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| wØZxq `jwU K‡i‡Q| a‡g©i cÖwZ mvaviY AmvaviY gvby‡li m‡›`n I
ivQy‡ji wb‡`©k‡K kvwãK I ¯’zj A‡_© wK †f‡e wb‡q‡Qb Awbnvi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY n‡q `uvwo‡q‡Q!
dzU †bv‡Ui gvwjK wKš‘ Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡ZI e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| *
ivQy‡ji [mv]-Gi Av‡`k Dfq `j KZ©„K jw•NZ nIqvi
Kvi‡Y Ges NUbv kªe‡Y †gŠb ev bxie _vKvi A_© Ômg_©bÕ 4 nvw`m msKj‡b ivQy‡ji [mv] wb‡lavÁv
a‡i †bqvi †Kvb nvjKv hyw³I Luy‡R cvIqv hvq bv| ZvQvov
gnvbex Ggb wK KwVb I Aev¯—e wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb! hv gnv bex [mv] Qvnvev‡`i K‡Vvi wb‡`©k †`b †h, Awn Qvov
cvjY Kivi gZ `‡j GKRb gvÎ QvnvevI wQ‡jb bv! e¨_© Zuvi Ab¨ †Kvb K_v †hb wj‡L bv iv‡Lb; hw` †Kn Ab¨
Qvnvev‡`i NUbv ï‡b gnvbex [mv] bxi‡e Mfxi nZvkv I †Kvb K_v wj‡L _v‡Kb, Zv †hb Awej‡¤^ gy‡Q †djv nq|
Av‡¶c K‡i wQ‡jb wK g„`y Avb›` Abyfe K‡iwQ‡jb Zv wZwb Av‡iv †NvlYv K‡ib †h, Zvui bv‡g †Kn wg_¨v ev Zvui
GKvš—B fveevi welq ! ivQyj ¯^qs wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ _vKv K_vi ms‡KvPb-ms‡hvRb Ki‡j †m Aek¨B Rvnvbœvgx
Ae¯’vq Qvnvex‡`i g‡a¨ AwZ mvaviY welq wb‡q gZv‰bK¨, n‡e|
wfbœ bvgvR †hgb nZvkvRbK †Zgwb j¾vKi e‡U! Avj−vni bexi D‡j−wLZ K‡Vvi ûwkqvix¸wj mnR,
†gŠb _vK‡jB †h mg_©b eySvq bv, Zv bZzb K‡i e¨vL¨v mij Ges hyw³m½Z| Dnvi mZ¨-wg_¨v hvPvB Kivi
†`qvi †Kvb cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| wkw¶Z A‡c¶v iv‡L bv, A‡c¶v iv‡L bv Dnv HwZnvwmK wK
Awkw¶Z gvby‡li mvsmvwiK Rxe‡bi ˆ`bw›`b LuywUbvwU ev¯— nvw`m wfwËK| KviY mZ¨ †nvK ev wg_¨vB †nvK, †h †KD
e NUbv †_‡KB Zvi fzwi fzwi cÖgvY cvIqv hvq| wKš‘ hv e‡jb ev K‡ib Zv A‡b¨ eY©bv Ki‡Z wM‡q Dnvi
eyS‡Z cv‡ib bv kª‡×q Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY| ag© wb‡q †h ms‡KvPb, ms‡hvRb ev wg_¨v‡ivcb P‚ovš— †`vlYxq Ges
Zviv A‡nZz evovevwo K‡i _v‡Kb, Zvi cÖgvY Zv‡`iB K‡Vvi kvw¯—‡hvM¨ e‡U! c¶vš—‡i, gnvbexi bv‡g G ai‡Yi
ewY©Z wbæ nvw`mwU h‡_ó e‡jB a‡i †bqv hvq: Mwn©Z KvR Kivi cwiYvg Av‡iv ¸i“Zi Ges fqvj|
ÒnhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] Kb¨v wewe nvemvi ¯^vgxi g„Zz¨i c‡i Avj−vni bexi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 250/300 ermi c‡i
wZwb nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] mwnZ cybt weev‡ni cÖ¯—ve
†`b| wKš‘ nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Ô†f‡e †`wLÕ e‡j Gwo‡q BgvgMY Dc‡iv‡j−wLZ wb‡`©k¸wj ÔAwn bvwR‡ji cÖ_g
12

hy‡Mi Rb¨ ejer wQj, wØZxq hy‡M gnv bex ¯^qs nvw`m e¨nZ nB‡Z cv‡i| GB me wPš—vi d‡jB wZwb Zvnv bó
†jLvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jbÕ e‡j `vex Ki‡jI Dnvi ¯^c‡¶ Kwiqv †d‡jb|
mgMÖ †Qnv-†QËvi g‡a¨ cwi”Qbœ GKwU gvÎI nvw`m †bB, e¨vcviwU‡K Avgiv hZB Mfxi I m~² `„wó‡Z wePvi
†bB †Kvb HwZnvwmK mZ¨Zv| ZeyI gnv bexi wb‡`©‡k Kwiqv †`wL bv †Kb, Bnv‡Z GKwU we‡kl gb¯—vwZ¡K I
†jLv wewfbœ wPwVcÎ, hy×-weMÖ‡ni mwÜ cÎ BZ¨vw`‡K gvbwmK Ae¯’vi cwiYvg ejv Qvov Ab¨ wKQy ejv hvq bv--
nvw`m wjL‡bi ¯^c‡¶i `wjj wnmv‡e †ck Kivi AvcÖvY |Ó [`ª: nvw`m msKj‡bi BwZnvm; †jLK: gy: Av: iwng;
†Póv K‡i _v‡Kb Ges Zv‡Z Zviv cwic~Y©fv‡eB mdj cÖKvkK: BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb I Lvqiƒb cÖKvkbx; c„: 290
n‡q‡Qb; Avi mdj n‡q‡Qb e‡jB AvR‡Ki mgMÖ gymwjg ]|
we‡k¦i cvwievwiK, mvgvwRK, ivR‰bwZK, A_©‰bwZK I
ag©‰bwZK mKj †¶‡ÎB Pig wech©q, Pig Ae¶q weivR Igi dviƒK [iv]
Ki‡Q| Ò-- nhiZ Igi dviƒK (iv)-Gi mgqB miKvix ch©vq
wew”Qbœ nvw`m m¤ú` msKjb I wjwce× Kiv nq Ges
* Dnv‡K my-mse× Kwiqv jIqvi cÖkœ me©cÖ_g DÌvwcZ nq|
nhiZ Igi [iv:] wb‡RB GB weivU KvR m¤úbœ Kwievi
5 nvw`m msKj‡b †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx†bi f‚wgKv B”Qv cÖKvk Kwiqv wQ‡jb Ges G m¤ú‡K© Ab¨vb¨ Qvnvexi
mwnZ civgk©I KwiqvwQ‡jb| gymjgvbiv Zvunv‡K Bnvi
AveyeKi [iv] AbyKz‡jB civgk© w`qv wQ‡jb| wKš‘ c‡i Zuvnvi wb‡Ri
Ò--cÖ_g Ljxdv nhiZ AveyeKi wQÏxK [iv:] wb‡R cvuP g‡bB GB m¤ú‡K© wØav I m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK nq †h, Bnv Kiv
kZ nvw`‡mi GK msKjb ˆZqvi Kwiqv wQ‡jb| wKš‘ mgxPxb nB‡e wKbv! wZwb cÖvq GKgvm Kvj ch©š— A‡bK
Rxe‡bi †kl fv‡M wZwb wb‡RB Zvnv webó Kwiqv †d‡jb wPš—v-fvebv I B‡¯—Lviv Kwi‡Z _v‡Kb| wKš‘ †kl ch©š—
[cyuwo‡q †d‡jb]| Bnvi KviY ¯^iƒc gynvwÏm I wZwb wb‡RB GKw`b ewj‡jb: ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡`i wbKU
HwZnvwmKMY D‡j−L Kwiqv‡Qb †h, nvw`mmg~n msKjb nvw`m wjwce× I msKwjZ Kivi K_v ewjqvwQjvg, GK_v
Kivi ci wZwb †gv‡UB ¯^w¯— jvf Kwi‡Z cv‡ib bvB| †Zvgiv Rvb| wKš‘ c‡i g‡b nBj †Zvgv‡`i c~‡e©i Avn&‡j
Zvnvi g‡b K‡qK cÖKvi f‡qi mÂvi nq| wZwb GRb¨ †KZve †jv‡KivI Ggwbfv‡e bexi K_v msKwjZ
fvweZ nBqv c‡ob †h, Zvunvi msKwjZ nvw`mmg~‡ni g‡a¨ KwiqvwQj, d‡j Zuvnviv ZvnvB AvuKwoqv awij Ges
GKwU K_v-GKwU kãI hw` ivQyj Kwi‡gi g~j evYxi we›`y Avj−vni wKZve cwiZ¨vM Kwij| Avj−vni kc_, Avwg
gvÎI wecixZ nBqv c‡o, Zvnv nB‡j ivQy‡ji K‡Vvi Avj−vni wKZv‡ei mv‡_ Ab¨ wKQyB wgwkªZ Kwie bv|Õ
mZK© evYx Abyhvqx Zvnv‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi BÜb nB‡Z nB‡e| AZtci wZwb nvw`m msKwjZ Kwievi msKí Z¨vM
wØZxqZ: Zvnvi g‡b GB fqI RvMÖZ nBj †h, Zvnvi K‡ib--Ó| [`ª: H c„: 298]
msKwjZ nvw`m MÖš’‡K gymwjg RbMY hw` †Kviv‡bi
mgZzj¨ gh©v`v w`qv e‡m wKsev Ab¨vb¨ Qvnvex‡`i ewY©Z I Imgvb [iv]
msKwjZ nvw`m A‡c¶v AwaK gh©v`v w`‡Z ïi“ K‡i, Zvnv -- nhiZ Imgvb [iv] wb‡R nvw`m eY©bv Kwiqv‡Qb|
wKš‘ Lye Aí msL¨K nvw`mB Zvnvi wbKU nB‡Z ewY©Z
nB‡jI gymjgvb‡`i c‡¶ we‡kl ¶wZi KviY nB‡e| nBqv‡Q| Bnvi KviY cÖ`k©b m¤^‡Ü wZwb wb‡RB
Zvnvi d‡j nvw`m msKj‡bi †¶‡Î e¨vcK KvR I AMÖMwZ ewjqv‡Qb: ÔivQy‡ji Qvnvex‡`i g‡a¨ ivQy‡ji AwaK nvw`m
13

msi¶YKvix Avwg bwn; GB KviYwU Avgv‡K ivQy‡ji nvw`m kwiqZ GK ev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi K‡ib| Zuv‡`iB GKRb Ges
eY©bv Kiv nB‡Z weiZ iv‡L bvB| eis nvw`m eY©bv nB‡Z Ab¨Zg cÖavb nhiZ AveyeKi [iv] gvÎ 500wU nvw`m
weiZ _vKvi KviY GB †h, Avwg wb‡RB ivQyj Kixg‡K [mv] msKjb K‡i m~² Ávb I `~i`wk©Zvi Av‡jv‡K Bmjv‡gi
GB K_v ewj‡Z ïwbqvwQ ewjqv mv¶¨ w`‡ZwQ †h, ivQyj e„nËi ¯^v‡_© Zv cÖKv‡k¨ R¡vwj‡q †d‡jb|
hvnv e‡jb bvB Zvnv hw` †Kn Zvnvi Dc‡i Av‡ivc K‡i nhiZ Igi [iv] GK gvm hver G‡¯—Lviv K‡i, [A_©vr
Z‡e †m †hb Rvnvbœv‡g Zuvnvi Avkªq LyuwRqv jq|Õ nhiZ Ava¨vwÍK Ávb mvabvq Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji AbygwZ jvf]
Imgvb Aí K‡qKwU nvw`m eY©bv Kiv Qvov Dnvi Aci AZtci Ges Aek¨B ÔbvÕ myPK Bw½Z †c‡qB Bmjv‡gi
†Kvb e„nËi wL`gZ Kwiqv‡Qb ewjqv †Kv_vI D‡j−L cvIqv e„nËi ¯^v‡_© Avj−vni KQg †L‡q nvw`m wjLb cwiKíbv
hvq bv| [`ª: H c„: 299] cwiZ¨vM K‡ib|
nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Rvnvbœv‡gi f‡q †Kvivb Qvov
Avjx [iv] gnvbex m¤^‡Ü †Kvb gš—e¨B Ki‡Zb bv| nhiZ Imgv‡bi
-- †h KqRb Qvnvex wb‡R‡`i nv‡Z ivQy‡ji wbKU [iv] Kg nvw`m eY©bvi c‡¶ Zvi bv‡g †h KviY Dc‡i ewY©Z
kÖ“Z nvw`m wjwce× Kwiqv ivwLqv wQ‡jb, nhiZ Avjx [iv:] n‡q‡Q Zv Zvi wbR¯^ Dw³ e‡j g‡b nq bv|
Zvunv‡`i Ab¨Zg| wZwb †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v I we‡k−lY nhiZ Avjx [iv] ag©Áv‡b Z_v Ava¨vwZ¥KZvq GZ DbœZ
m¤ú‡K© K‡qKwU nvw`m ivQy‡ji wbKU nB‡Z kªeY Kwiqv wQ‡jb †h, gnvbexi [mv] c‡iB Zvi ¯’vb e‡j Kw_Z nq|
wjwLqv wQ‡jb| -- Bnv‡K fuvR Kwiqv wZwb Zvunvi GgbwK wZwbI nvw`m m¤^‡Ü g‡bi fy‡jI msKj‡bi
Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡ci g‡a¨ ivwLqv w`qv wQ‡jb| Bnv‡Z KLbI †Kvb cwiKíbv ev c`‡¶c †bb wb| Kw_Z nq
e¨envwiK KvR-Kg© msµvš— ûKzg AvnKv‡gi K‡qKwU †h, wZwb Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡c nvw`m wj‡L †i‡LwQ‡jb! GKwU
nvw`m wjwLZ wQj| [`ª: H c„: 300] Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡c †h KqwU jvBb wj‡L ivLv m¤¢e Zv
†Kvivb wjLK nhiZ Avjxi [iv] `yÕGK wgwb‡Ui g‡a¨B
msw¶ß mgv‡jvPbv gyLš— Kivi ¶gZv wQj| GKRb †hv×vi Z‡jvqv‡ii Lv‡c
c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbexi Rxebx wjL‡bi cv_i, Pvgov ev KvM‡R wj‡L nvw`m msi¶Y cÖbvjx eoB
¯^c‡¶ mgMÖ †Qnv-‡QËvi g‡a¨ A_ev evwn‡i gnv bexi Zv¾‡ei welq| Zv¾‡ei welq †h G‡Z nvw`m Kx
GKwU nvw`mI †bB| GgbwK Dwj−wLZ wb‡lavÁvi Av‡`kwU †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ †jLv wQj Zv Av‡Rv †KD Rv‡b bv!
iwnZ K‡i‡Qb wK evwZj K‡i‡Qb, Ggb †Kvb nvw`mI AvwgI Rvwb bv, Z‡e aviYv nq †h, Zv ivQyj cÖ`Ë¡ GKwU
cÖPwjZ nvw`‡m †bB; †bB †Kvb BwZnv‡mI| Gi c‡iI hw` ZvweR wQj hvi ¸‡Y Avjxi Zievix AcÖwZØw›Ø
†KD nvw`m wjL‡bi c‡¶ †Kvb nvw`m cÖgvb Ki‡Z cv‡ib ÔRyjwdKviÕ bvg aviY Ki‡Z m¶g nq|
Z‡e Pvi gnvb Ljxdvi nvw`m †cvov‡bv Ges msKj‡bi †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxbMY †h Avj−vn, †h ivQyj Ges †h
wei“‡× wecixZ Ae¯’vb gymwjg wek¦‡K weeªZ Ki‡e| Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_© nvw`m msKj‡bi cwiKíbv ‡h
gnvbexi Rb¥-g„Zz¨i gv‡S ˆ`bw›`b LywUbvwU Ges e„nr Avj−vni KQg †L‡q R¡vwj‡q w`‡jb, Z¨vM Ki‡jb; wVK
mKj KvR-K‡g©i m‡½ IrcÖ‡Zvfv‡e RwoZ wQ‡jb we‡kl †mB Avj−vn, †mB ivQyj Ges †mB Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_©
K‡i GB †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxbMY| Gbv‡`i mZZv, (?) gnv bexi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i cuvP kZ bq,
b¨vqcivqYZv, we¯^¯’Zv, ag© fxi“Zv, weP¶YZv, `~i`wk©Zv, nvRvi bq eis j¶ j¶ nvw`m iPbv K‡i wbR wbR bv‡gi
Ava¨vwZ¡KZv Ges Z¨vM, Kw_Z nvRvi †KvwU Av‡jg- wk‡ivbv‡g (?) cÖKvk K‡i mZ¨, gnvmZ¨, wPimZ¨ e‡j
Avj−vgv, Bgvg, cxi, †gvRv‡Ï‡`i †h Zzjbv nq bv Zv †NvlYv w`‡jb! `vex Ki‡jb!!
14

nvw`m msKj‡b †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi AwfgZ, ZvB e‡jB mybœx‡`i Kv‡Q AvRI Zv AcwiwPZ| nhiZ
cwiKíbv Ges wm×vš— GKK I Awfbœ wQj| c¶vš—‡i, Avjx [iv] Z_v bex es‡ki mv‡_ Bgvg †evLvix‡`i GB
nvw`m †eËvMY Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji K‡Vvi wb‡lavÁvi kΓZvi KviY cÖK…Z I wbi‡c¶ Ávbx I ag©fxi“‡`i GKvš—
wecix‡Z, †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxb‡`i M„nxZ cÖ¯—vebvi wei“‡× fv‡e †f‡e †`Lv `iKvi|
ce©Z cÖgvY nvw`m iPbv Ki‡jb Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_©i nvw`m msKj‡b gnvbex Z_v †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi
†`vnvB w`‡q! ïay ZvB-B bq, gnvgwZ nhiZ AveyeK‡ii cwiKíbv I g~j¨vqb GK I Awfbœ Zv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ
[iv] nvw`m R¡vwj‡q †`qvi welqwUi gš—e¨ Ki‡Z wM‡q n‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i nvw`m †eËvMY †m cwiKíbv¸wj
Avj−vgv gynv‡ÏmMY wj‡L‡Qb, ÒnhiZ AveyeK‡ii [iv] GKw`‡K †hgb Zv‡`i A`~i`wk©Zv Z_v fyj e‡j AvL¨vwqZ
we‡kl gb¯—vwZ¡K I gvbwmK Ae¯’vi cwiYvg|Ó A_©vr mnR K‡i‡Qb; Aciw`‡K GKvš— e¨w³MZ I wbLv` evj-myjf
I mij K_vq, Zvui gv_v Lvivc n‡qwQj e‡jB Avj−vgv‡`i Ges hyw³nxb hyw³ cÖgvY DÌvcb K‡i nvw`m msKj‡bi c‡¶
`„p wek¦vm! wKš‘ nhiZ Igi [iv] GKgvm hver G‡¯—Lviv Avbvi e¨_© †Póv K‡i‡Qb| Dwj−wLZ gnv bex Z_v
K‡i AZtci nvw`m msKjb cwiKíbv Z¨vM Ki‡jb; †m †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi gš—e¨ AZtci nvw`m †eËv‡`i
m¤^‡Ü nvw`m †eËvMY gš—e¨ †_‡K weiZ i‡q‡Qb! ejv hyw³ZK© wePvi-we‡k−lY Ki‡j Zv mn‡RB aiv c‡o| nhiZ
evûj¨ H GKB MÖ‡š’ [cÖKvkK wfbœ] †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi Igi I nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] Dc‡ivwj−wLZ weei‡Y nvw`m
cv_©K¨ Ki‡Z wM‡q wj‡L‡Qb, Ò†Kvivb Mv‡Qi KvÊ ¯^iƒc, †eËv‡`i ¯^-we‡ivax gš—e¨I j¶¨Yxq welq|
nvw`m Dnvi kvLv-cÖkvLv; kvLv-cÖkvLv wenxb KvÊ †hgb *
AveR©bv gvÎ; nvw`m wenxb †Kvivb I Z`ªƒc|Ó [`ª: Ônvw`m
msKj‡bi BwZnvm; gy. Av: iwng, cÖKvkK: evsjv‡`k 6 nvw`m msKj‡b Pvi Bgv‡gi f‚wgKv
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb; c„: 34]
kwiq‡Zi nvw`m m~Î g‡Z Qvnvev‡`i bv‡g †Kvb KU‚w³ Avey nvwbdv (i):
Kiv Ges †Kvivb m¤^‡Ü weiƒc gš—e¨ Kiv KzdzixZzj¨ Avey nvwbdv wnRix 81 m‡b Biv‡Ki Kzdvq Rb¥ MªnY
Aciva! A_P gymwjg we‡k¦i †KvwU †KvwU Av‡jg, cxi I K‡ib| wZwb GKRb Kvc‡oi e¨emvqx wQ‡jb| mviv Rxeb
Avj−vgv Z_v †gvm‡jg evsjvi GKRb gvÎ Avj−vgv, cxi ag© M‡elYv I cÖPv‡i mKj mgqB nvw`m D‡c¶v K‡i
A_ev †Kvb Bmjvgx `j †Kvivb Z_v Qvnvev‡`i bv‡g e¨w³MZ M‡elYvi c_ I g‡Zi DciB AwaK ¸i“Z¡ w`‡Zb|
GZeo Acev` I KU‚w³i cÖwZev` K‡ib wb! eis Zviv G Kvi‡Y wnRvRx Av‡jgMY Zvi Zxeª wb›`v Ki‡Zb| wnRix
mgv‡R bv‡q‡e ivQyj, Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï` wnmv‡eB cÖwZôv 150 m‡b Ljxdv Avj-gbmy‡ii [mybœx‡`i Ljxdv] wei“‡×
jvf K‡i‡Qb! Av‡iv j¶¨Yxq welq †h, Bmjv‡gi aviK I ivR‰bwZK loh‡š¿i Kvi‡Y Zv‡K mkªg Kviv`‡Ê `wÊZ
evnK BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb D³ eBLvwb eûevi cÖKvk K‡ib Ges G Ae¯’vqB wZwb KvivMv‡i g„Zz¨ eiY K‡ib|
K‡i‡Qb| AZtci Zuvi wkl¨MY ¸i“i nvw`m A¯^xKv‡ii Kj¼ †_‡K
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nhiZ Avjx [iv] ¯^n‡¯’ ÔbvnvRyj gy³ Kivi Rb¨ Ôgymbv`yj Avwe nvwbdvÕ bv‡g GKvwaK cy¯—K
evjvMvÕ bv‡g GKLvwb g~j¨evb MÖš’ iPbv K‡ib| cÖPwjZ iPbv K‡i ¸i“i Kj¼ †NvPvevi e¨_© †Póv K‡ib| wZwb
kwiq‡Zi myÎ g‡Z MÖš’Lvwb gnv g~j¨evb HwZnvwmK wb‡R †Kvb †gvRvnv‡ei Rb¥ †`b wb; ‡Kvb MÖš’I wj‡Lbwb|
cÖgvwYZ nvw`m MÖš’| A_P Bgvg †evLvixMY †m MÖ‡š’i GKwU e¨w³MZfv‡e wZwb kxqv †gvRvnvef‚³ wQ‡jb| kxqv‡`i
jvBbI Zv‡`i Qwnn, gnv Qwnn MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb †`b wb| g~jZ : Dc`j Ôhvqw`qvÕ `‡ji †bZv ev Bgvg Beªvnxg Be‡b
mybœx BgvgMY Dnv‡K nvw`m e‡jB ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv; Avi gynv¤§‡`i mg_©‡b AveŸvmxq‡`i weiƒ‡× we‡`ªv‡ni †bZ…Z¡
15

†`b| wbR¯^ ivq Ges gZ& ev d‡Zvqv cÖPv‡ii d‡j Zuvi Avm-kv‡dC (i):
g„Zz¨i c‡i Biv‡K wdK&nx †gvRnv‡ei Rb¥ nq e‡j Kw_Z Bgvg kv‡dCi Rb¥ g„Zz¨ m¤^‡Ü wbw`©ó †Kvb BwZnvm
Av‡Q| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ nvbvwd †gvRnve Kvi Øviv, K‡e Ges †bB| wb‡Ri wjwLZ †Kvb MÖš’ I †bB| aviYv Kiv nq 150
†Kv_vq m~ÎcvZ nq, Zvi †Kvb wbw`©ó ev Awbw`©ó BwZnvm wnRix‡Z Biv‡Ki Mv¾vq Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib Ges 204
†bB| wnRix‡Z wgk‡ii dzmZv‡Z g„Zz¨ eiY K‡ib| Bgvg kv‡dC
m¤^‡Ü †h BwZnvm cvIqv hvq, Zv Zvi wkl¨ Avj-
gvwjK Be‡b Avbvm (i): gvmDw`i gva¨‡g; hvi g„Zz¨ nq 345 wnRix‡Z|
Bgvg gvwj‡Ki Rb¥ 90 gZvš—‡i 97 wn:| Zvi wk¶v- Bgvg kv‡dC 20 ermi e‡q‡m Bgvg gvwj‡Ki wbKU
`x¶vi wel‡q †Kvb BwZnvm †bB| c¶vš—‡i, Zvi 900 Rb Mgb K‡ib Ges 9 ermi ch©š— Zvi wbKU wk¶v MÖnY
wk¶K wQ‡jb e‡j H GKB MÖ‡š’ D‡j−L Av‡Q| wZwbI kxqv K‡ib| wZwbI wkqv `jf‚³ wQ‡jb| hvq`x Dc-`‡ji Bgvg
†gvRvnvef‚³ wQ‡jb| Ljxdv Avj-gbmy‡ii Avg‡j Bqvn&Bqv Be‡b Avãyj−vni Abymvix wQ‡jb| wkqv‡`i m‡½
wLjvd‡Zi `vex`vi gynv¤§` Be‡b Avãyj−vn, Aciw`‡K Ljxdvi wei“‡× wjß wQ‡jb e‡j Ljxdv nviƒb-Ai-
we‡`ªvnx Be‡b ûigy‡Ri mv‡_ m¤§Ü wQj e‡j Kw_Z nq| ikx‡`i `iev‡i e›`x K‡i Avbv nq| wZwb GKRb Kwe I
145 wn: GK Afy¨Ìv‡bi gva¨‡g Ljxdv Avj-gbmyi‡K `vk©wbK wQ‡jb| Ljxdvi ¶gZv cÖvß n‡q Bgvg Avey
DrLvZ K‡i gynv¤§` gw`bvi Ljxdv nb| AZtci gynv¤§` nvwbdvi wkl¨ Bebyj nvmvb Avm&-mvqevbx ewY©Z Avey
†LjvdZ nviv‡j gw`bvi Mfb©i Rvdi Ge‡b †mvjvqgvb nvwbdvi ixwZ-bxwZi ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i AZtci weiƒc
KZ…©K Bgvg gv‡jK †eÎvNv‡Z `wÊZ nb| G AvNv‡Zi Kvi‡Y g‡bvfve cÖKvk K‡ib| wKš‘ cÖKv‡k¨ we‡ivaxZv Ki‡Z
Zvi Kuv‡ai GKwU nvo wePz¨Z nq| Ae‡k‡l Ljxdvi ek¨Zv mvnm cvb wb ev m¶g nb wb| KviY mvqevbx ZLb Ljxdvi
¯^xKvi K‡ib| Bgvg gvwj‡Ki wkl¨M‡Yi aviYv (!) †h, `iev‡ii A‡NvwlZ Pvg&Pv ev Avgjv wQ‡jb| wZwb nvw`‡mi
wZwb ÒgyqvËvÓ bvgK GKLvwb MÖš’ iPbv K‡iwQ‡jb| Dnvi ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i ZrKvjxb mvgvwRK Ae¯’vi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z
ˆewkó¨ wQj, †Kvivb bq, nvw`m bq; gvÎ GRgv wfwËK| wbR¯^ gZ& cÖPvi K‡ib| Zvi g„Zz¨i c‡i, Zvi a¨vb-aviYv
ZrKvjxb gw`bvi †gvmjgvb‡`i AvPvi-AvPiY I ag© wkl¨MY KZ©„K cÖPvwiZ nq Ges wkl¨MYB kv‡dC †gvRvnve
wewai Dci e¨vcK msKjb| bvg aviY K‡i mgv‡R ¯^Zš¿ cÖwZôv jvf K‡ib| Zvi cÖavb
AveŸvmxq kvmb Avg‡j cÖ_g Ae¯’vq hLb ag©xq 4 Rb wkl¨‡`i g‡a¨ Bgvg nv¤^j wQ‡jb Ab¨Zg|
AvB‡bi A‡š^lY Ges g~j¨vqb PjwQj [evK¨wU w`‡q †jLK
cÖK…Zc‡¶ wK eySv‡Z †P‡q‡Qb Zv †gv‡UB cwi¯‹vi bq Avn¤§` Be‡b gynv¤§` nv¤^j (i)
Z‡e Pig ag©xq Ae¶q cÖwZqgvb nq] Ges gymwjg mgv‡R gynv¤§` nv¤^j 164 wnRix‡Z Biv‡Ki evM`v‡` Rb¥
AwZ mvaviY e¨vcv‡iI Abym„Z c_ wb‡`©kbv wfwËK MÖš’ MªnY K‡ib| wZwb 19 ermi eq‡m nvw`m wk¶vi Rb¨
msKjb K‡iwQ‡jb e‡j Zuvi wkl¨‡`i wkl¨ KZ©„K eY©bv wmwiqv, wnRvR I B‡q‡g‡b mdi K‡ib| AZtci †`‡k
cvIqv hvq| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ †m mg¯— MÖš’I AvR Avi †bB| wd‡i Bgvg kv‡dCi wbKU wdK&nv Aa¨vqb K‡ib| Gici
Bgvg Avey nvwbdvi gZB Bgvg gv‡jK †Kvb wZwb Dwj−wLZ wZb Bgv‡gi gZev‡`i wei“‡× wbR¯^ gZev`
†gvRnv‡ei Rb¥ †`b wb| Zuvi g„Zz¨i c‡i ¸i“i mybvg‡K M‡o †Zv‡jb| wZwbB cª_g Bgvg, whwb wb‡Ri gZvgZ ev
cuywR K‡i GK †kªYxi f³MY eZ©gvb ivRbxwZi gZB `jxq d‡Zvqv¸wj ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj K‡i‡Qb; A_©vr wb‡Ri
N„Y¨ ¯^v‡_© †gŠwLKfv‡e gv‡jKx †gvRnv‡ei Rb¥ nq| AwfgZ¸wj ivQy‡ji bv‡gi †`vnvB w`‡q mgv‡R Pvwj‡q
w`‡Zb|
16

ZrKvjxb †LjvdZ †gvZvwRjv‡`i Aaxb wQj e‡j 1. AÕZvwQgy we-nvejxj−v-wn R¡vwgÕ AvD Ajv ZvdviivK¡z
wZwbI Zv‡`i nv‡Z Kvive× nb| 241 wnRix‡Z evM`v‡` [3:Ggivb-103] A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni i¾y GK‡Î
Zvi g„Zz¨ nq| g„Zz¨i c‡i Zvi †Q‡j Ave`yj−vn wcZvi gReyZfv‡e AvK‡o a‡iv| †Zvgiv `j Dc-`‡j wef³
†gŠwLK e³…Zv Pqb K‡i Ôgymbv`Õ MÖš’ iPbv K‡ib| hv‡Z nBI bv|
ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj K‡i‡Qb e‡j 28/29 nvRvi, gZvš— 2. Bbœvj−vRxbv dvivK¡z Øxbvûg-- wegv Kv-by BqvdÕ
‡i 40 j¶ nvw`m mwbœ‡ewkZ Av‡Q| [ Z_¨myÎ: D‡j−wLZ Avjyb| [6:AvbAvg-159] A_©: hviv wb‡R‡`i Rxeb
mKj HwZnvwmK Z_¨vejx nvw`m msKj‡bi BwZnvm, e¨e¯’v wnmv‡e bvbv c_ Avwe¯‹vi K‡i‡Q I `j Dc-
Avãyi iwng; evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ `‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i Dc‡i Avcbvi [ivQy‡ji]
Ômsw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †KvlÕ †_‡K †bqv n‡q‡Q|] †Kvb `vwqZ¡ †bB| Zv‡`i KvR Kg© Avj−vni Dc‡iB
b¨¯— Ki“b|
mgv‡jvPbv Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ `yÕwUi Av‡jv‡K Ávbx‡`i †f‡e †`Lv
Bgvg PZzóq mg-mvgwqK I G‡K A‡b¨i ¸i“-wkl¨ DwPr †h, Avgiv gymjgvb AvR †Kvb c‡_! Avqv‡Z
wQ‡jb| Kvjµ‡g ¸i“‡`i g„Zz¨i c‡i ¸i“‡`i A¯^xKvi K‡i cwi¯‹vi †h, AvR‡Ki `j Dc-`j¸wj gnv bexi kvdvqvZ
Z_v Kg-‡ewk mgv‡jvPbv K‡i wbR gZev` cÖwZôv K‡ib| †_‡K wPi ewÂZ! nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw`B †h GRb¨ `vqx,
AZtci Zv‡`i g„Zz¨i c‡i ¯^-¯^ AbymvixMY †gŠwLK Zv‡Z Avi Kv‡iv m‡›`n _vKvi K_v bq|
`wj‡ji Ici wfwË K‡i ¸i“‡`i bv‡g †gvRvnv‡ei Rb¥ *
†`b| ci¯úi gZwe‡iva I SMov d¨vQv` Govevi Rb¨ Pvi
†gvRvnve Pvi diR e‡j †gŠwLKfv‡eB ¯^xK…Z nq| GQvov
Ab¨ †Kvb c_ I †Lvjv wQj bv| KviY Rbkw³ I jvVv- 7 Imgv‡bi [iv] †LjvdZ †_‡K ciewZ© gymwjg mgvR
jvwV‡Z ZLb †Kvb `jB wcwQ‡q wQj bv|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Zviv mK‡jB wkqv m¤cÖ`vqfz³ nvw`‡mi ¯^iƒc, DrcwË I msMÖ‡ni cwi‡ek m¤^‡Ü
wQ‡jb| wkqv n‡q mybœx‡`i †bZv nIqvi wcQ‡b A‡bK cwi¯‹vi aviYv bv _vK‡j nvw`‡mi g~j¨vqb Kiv KwVb| H
inm¨ _vKvi K_v| D”Pvwfjvmx †bZvMY Awbevh© Kvi‡Y `j mg‡qi msw¶ß mvgvwRK, ivR‰bwZK Ges ag©xq Ae¯’v
†_‡K ewn®‹„Z n‡j ev `j Z¨vM Ki‡j we‡ivax `j¸wj Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi `„wó‡Z wbæiƒc :
†hgb AwZwi³ m¤§vb w`‡q MÖnY K‡ib, m¤¢eZt †mfv‡eB Ò... nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] AewnZ cieZ©x
†bZv PZzóq myybœx‡`i `‡j Avgwš¿Z n‡q AZci wkKo DËivwaKvixMY KZ…©K †ivg mvgªv‡R¨i wmwiqv, wgki cÖf…wZ
†M‡o e‡mb| Ges cvim¨ mvgªv‡R¨i †`kmg~n wewRZ nIqvi djkÖ“wZ‡Z
a‡g©i †¶‡Î Avj−vni Awn Qvov gvby‡li Rb¨ †Kvb cÖf‚Z ab m¤úwË, ¶gZv I cÖwZcwË Zv‡`i KivqZ¡ nq|
weavb ev wek¦vm diR n‡Z cv‡i bv; Avi ZvB e‡jB d‡j ivQy‡ji DËivwaKvix c`wU AmvaviY gh©v`v jvf
ivQy‡ji Kw_Z evYxI diR e‡j ¯^xK…Z nq wb| c¶vš—‡i 4 K‡i| Aciw`‡K gymwjg mvgªvR¨ Pig we¯Z…wZ jvf Kivi
†gvRvnve 4 diR e‡j mgv‡R wK K‡i cÖwZôv jvf Ki‡jv c~‡e©B ÔLjxdvÕ c`wU c„w_exi Ab¨Zg ¶gZvkvjx miKvi
Zv Ávbx‡`i AvR GKvš— †f‡e †`Lv `iKvi| †Kviv‡bi cÖavb e‡j MY¨ n‡Z _v‡K|
Av‡jv‡K `j-Dc`‡ji ˆeaZvi †Kvb `wjj Lyu‡R cvIqv nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] Øv`k el©e¨vcx wLjvdZKv‡ji
hvq bv| eis G‡`i A‰eaZvi c‡¶ †Kviv‡b KwVb ûwkqvix †kl 6 ermi Kvj [35 wn:] ch©š— wQj Pig Akvwš—i Kvj|
†NvwlZ Av‡Q| wbæ AvqvZ¸wj Zvi R¡jš— cÖgvY| GB cwieZ©‡bi myPbv n‡qwQj ZLb, hLb [30 wn:] nhiZ
17

Imgvb [iv] ivQy‡ji †gvnivswKZ A½yix Aviwk‡Ki K‚‡c `jwU‡K civwRZ K‡ib| wewe Avqkv‡K (iv) ew›`bx K‡i
nvwi‡q †d‡jb| GB mgqB cÖ_g Biv‡K we‡`ªv‡ni m~Pbv 40 Rb gwnjvmn GK`j AbyP‡ii cvnvivax‡b gw`bv †cÖiY
nq| Biv‡Ki A_©bxwZMZ msKU cÖejZi n‡q D‡VwQj; K‡ib| AZtci Kzdv †_‡K wZwb Avj-gv`vB‡b Mgb
Ges RbM‡Yi g‡a¨ Am‡š—vl Zxeª AvKvi aviY K‡iwQj| K‡ib| ivK¡v bvgK ¯’v‡b dzivZ b`x cvi n‡j wQwà‡bi
KzdvevmxMY emivi DgvBqv kvmbKZ©v mvB` Be‡b Avm‡K cÖvš—‡i nhiZ gyqvexqvi KwVb cÖwZ‡iv‡ai m¤§yLxb nb| 35
AcmvwiZ K‡i Z`¯’‡j Avey gyQv Avj-AvmZvix‡K wbhy³ wnRix †_‡K 37 wn: ch©š— ci ci K‡qKwU hy× msMwVZ
Ki‡Z Ljxdv‡K eva¨ K‡i|... Abyiƒcfv‡e wgk‡ii nq| nhiZ Avjx [iv] hLb P‚ovš— Rq jvf KiwQ‡jb; ZLb
kvmbKZ©v Be‡b Avey mvivn& we‡`ªvnx‡`i m‡½ G‡U DV‡Z nhiZ gyqvexqvi civg‡k© ay©Z Qvnvev nhiZ Avgi Gebyj
cviwQ‡jb bv| G¶‡Y gynv¤§` Be‡b Avey ûhvqdv bvgK GK Avm& hy‡× civRq Aek¨¤¢vex †R‡b wmwiqvi ˆmb¨MY KZ…©K
e¨w³i [Qvnvev] †bZ…‡Z¡ GK`j we‡`ªvnx nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] †Kviv‡bi c„ôv ej−g I ek©v‡Mª we× K‡i D‡×© D‡Ëvjb
we‡ivaxZv KiwQj| hw`I gynv¤§` Be‡b Avey ûhvqdv nhiZ K‡i, Avj−vni †KZve Abyhvqx wePvi dqkvjvi `vex‡Z
Imgv‡bi [iv] cvjK cyÎ wQ‡jb| wKQyKvj hver Giƒc mwÜ cÖv_©bv K‡ib| ejv evûj¨, GB mwÜ cÖv_©bv wQj
`~‡h©v‡Mi †h †gN cywÄf‚Z nw”Qj 35 wnRixi †k‡l Zvi P‚ovš— lohš¿g~jK Ges Zv djcÖmyI nq| nhiZ Avjxi [iv]
ewntcÖKvk NU‡jv| wewfbœ cÖ‡`‡ki we‡`ªvnxMY gw`bvi c‡¶i Biv‡Ki ˆmb¨`jwU GB K‚U-†KŠk‡j wek¦vm K‡i
w`‡K hvÎv K‡i| me©cÖ_‡g Av‡m wgkixqMY| Ljxdvi mv‡_ hy× eÜ K‡i Ges Avjx‡K mwÜi Rb¨ Pvc cÖ‡qvM K‡i|
mv¶v‡Z Zviv Zv‡`i Awf‡hvM¸wj [wK Awf‡hvM wQj!] AZtci wZwb eva¨ n‡qB mwÜ K‡ib| nhiZ gyqvexqv I
AwZkq Zxeª fvlvq cÖKvk K‡i| we‡`ªvnxMY Imgvb‡K M„‡n Zvi cÖavb †mbvcwZ nhiZ Avgi Gebyj Avm&‡K Zvi c‡¶
Aei“× K‡i iv‡L|... K‡qKw`b Giƒc Aei“‡×i ci mvwjk wb‡qvM K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i, nhiZ Avjx Zvi B”Qvi
KwZcq †gvm‡jg 35 wnRix‡Z gynv¤§` Be‡b evK‡ii wei“‡× eva¨ n‡qB Avey gyQv Avj AvmZvix‡K Zvi c‡¶i
†bZ…‡Z¡ Ljxdvi M„nvf¨vš—‡i cÖ‡ek K‡i Zv‡K wbnZ mvwjk †g‡b †bb| c~Y© ¶gZv cÖ`vqK wjwLZ `wjj cÖvß
K‡ib| Ljxdv H mgq †Kvivb cvV KiwQ‡jb| Zvi i³ n‡q wePviKØq 37 wnRix‡Z GK‡Î wgwjZ nb| nhiZ
Kziv‡bi Dci wQU‡K c‡o, Zvi ¯¿xI AvnZ nq| kvnv`‡Zi Avg‡ii kVZv I PvZzix‡Z cÖZvwiZ n‡q nhiZ Avey gymv
c‡ii w`b Mfxi iv‡Î AZ¨š— †Mvcbxqfv‡e Ljxdvi wbKU ¯^xKvi K‡ib †h, nhiZ Imgvb nZ¨vi cÖwZKv‡ii `vexi
AvÍxqMY jvm& mgvwa¯’ K‡ib [Rvbvhv n‡qwQj wKbv!]| G b¨vh¨ AwaKvi nhiZ gyqvexqvi i‡q‡Q, myZivs nhiZ Avey
nZ¨vKv‡Ûi d‡j Bmjv‡gi ivR‰bwZK Ges ag©xq gyQv nhiZ Avjx‡K Ljxdv c` †_‡K c`Pz¨Z Kivi cÖ¯—ve
gZwe‡iva I M„nhy‡×i hyM Avi¤¢ nq| nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] †g‡b †bb Ges mg‡eZ RbM‡Yi m¤§y‡L Zv †NvlYv K‡ib|
†LjvdZ Ges Gi i³v³ mgvwß Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡m GKwU †mB †NvlYvbymv‡i Avey gyQvi cÖwZev` m‡Ë¡I Avgi Gebyj
Ki“Y, N„Y¨ I hyMvš—Kvix NUbv| Avm& AZtci gyqvexqv‡K Ljxdv c‡`i †hvM¨Zv I envj
... AZtci nhiZ Avjx [iv] gw`bvi gmwR‡` mg‡eZ †NvlYv K‡ib| GB A‰ea †NvlYvq †Ljvd‡Zi cÖ‡kœ `yj©Nœ
gymwjgMY Ljxdv wnmv‡e Zvi nv‡Z eqvZ MÖnY K‡ib| 36 RwUjZvi m„wó nq| G Ae¯’vq nhiZ Avjxi †mbv `‡j
wnRix‡Z wZwb g`xbv Z¨vM K‡i Kzdv P‡j hvb Ges Avi Av‡iv fv½‡bi m„wó nq| nhiZ Avjx [iv] †Kb mvwjk cÖ¯—
wd‡i Avm‡Z cv‡ib wb| wewe Avqkv, Zvjnv I hyev‡qi ve †g‡b wb‡jb-G ARynv‡Z A‡bK ˆmb¨B Avjxi mg_©b
[iv] nhiZ Imgv‡bi nZ¨vKvix‡`i kvw¯— weav‡bi `vex‡Z cÖZ¨vnvi K‡i I Zvi `j Z¨vM K‡ib| Avãyj−vn Ge‡b
nhiZ Avjxi [iv] wei“‡× hy‡×i cÖ¯‘wZ Ki‡j wZwb Zv‡`i Inve Avievmwei †bZ…‡Z¡ Avjxi wei“‡× Amª aviY K‡ib|
wei“‡× hy× hvÎv K‡ib Ges wQwà‡bi gv‡V Dóª hy‡× mse× GivB Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g wefw³i `j; Giv mgv‡R Lv‡iRx
18

e‡j cwiwPZ| wKš‘ Ljxdv Zvi †KvbwUB cyiY Ki‡Z bv cvivq m`¨RvZ
AZtci nhiZ Avjx Kzdvq wd‡i †M‡jb| c¶vš—‡i, gymwjg we‡k¦ we‡`ªv‡ni myPbv nq|
my‡hv‡Mi c~Y© mØe¨env‡ii Rb¨ nhiZ gyqvexqv nhiZ R‰bK ‡jLK d‡Z †gvj−v e‡jb, Òdz‡ji gZ wb®‹j¼,
Avjxi [iv] wei“‡× Awfhv‡bi ci Awfhvb †cÖiY K‡ib|... wgwó gayi gnvb Pwi‡Îi nhiZ Imgvb [iv] †Kb GZ eo
AZtci Avey eKi Bebyj gyjRvg- Avm& mvwibx bvgK GKUv Acivax‡K ey‡K AvM‡j ivL‡jb? GKUv Kvj mvc
R‰bK Qvnvev ¸ßNvZ‡Ki nv‡Z nhiZ Avjx wbnZ nb|... euvPv‡Z wM‡q wb‡Ri Rxeb Ges gymwjg D¤§vi fwel¨r
GB Qvnvev Zvi `yBRb mgwek¦vmxi m‡½ civgk©µ‡g fqven fv½‡bi gy‡L †V‡j w`‡jb? †m wK wb‡Ri PvPv‡Zv
bvnivIqv‡bi hy‡× wbnZ Zv‡`i AvÍxq‡`i cÖwZ‡kva fvB e‡j? RvgvB e‡j? wbðqB bq| Aek¨B bq| Z‡e eo
MÖnYv‡_© GKB w`‡b nhiZ Avjx, nhiZ gyqvexqv I nhiZ in‡m¨i, eo †e`bvc−yZ G i³v³ bvUK..| nhiZ Imgv‡bi
Avgi Gebyj Avm&‡K nZ¨vi cwiKíbv K‡ib| G i³v³ Rvgv Avi wewe bvqjvi KvUv Av½yj cvPvi n‡q †Mj
cwiKíbvq GKgvÎ nhiZ AvjxB [iv] aiv c‡ob; c¶vš— wmwiqvi MfY©i gvexqvi Kv‡Q| evBk eQi a‡i k³ wkKo
‡i, nhiZ gyqvexqv I nhiZ Avgi Gebyj-Avm& †eu‡P †M‡o‡Q †m †mLv‡b| i³v³ Rvgv wPiKvjB GK Ae¨_©
hvb|Ó [Z_¨m~Î: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; cÖKvkK: gviYvmª|...†m Av½yj, †m Rvgv Av¸b R¡vjv‡jv wmwiqvq|
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb, evsjv‡`k; 2q LÛ ] Av¸b R¡j&j Biv‡K, wgk‡i, B‡q‡g‡b| dzUš— fv‡Zi nuvwoi
g‡Zv GKUvi ci GKUv wel‡duvov †d‡U †h‡Z _vKj
msw¶ß ch©v‡jvPbv GLv‡b, ILv‡b meLv‡b| G‡Ki ci GK Pj&j KvjbvwMbxi
nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] kvmbvg‡j †Kb wek„sLjv, Akvwš— giY †Qvej| i³‡mªvZ e‡q †Mj ga¨cÖv‡P¨| †b‡g G‡jv
I †Mvj‡hvM †`Lv †`q, Zvi wewfbœ Kvi‡Yi g‡a¨ cÖavb †Nvi Agvwbkv, mNb ke©ix...|Ó...†h bvU‡Ki cyi¯‹vi
m~PbvwU wQj wbæiƒc: n‡qwQj †mB Qvnvev gviIqvb web nvKvg [iv] whwb
wgk‡ii bZzb MfY©i wnmv‡e Ljxdv nhiZ Imgv‡bi Bmjv‡gi mßg Ljxdvi c` AjsK…Z K‡iwQ‡jb| [Z_¨myÎ:
[iv] ¯^v¶wiZ wb‡qvM cÎ wb‡q cÖ_g Ljxdv nhiZ Avey Avj-‡fuv`‡oi †`k; Wvt d‡Z †gvj−v;Ô†cvnv‡j ke©ixÕ
eK‡ii [iv] †Q‡j gynv¤§` [iv] Ges Zvi `jejmn wgk‡i Aa¨vq|]
hvw”Q‡jb, cw_g‡a¨ GK ¸ßPi aiv c‡o| Zvi c‡KU †_‡K Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi wØZxq Kj‡¼i m~Pbv nq Ljxdv
Ljxdv Imgv‡biB [iv] ¯^v¶wiZ I †gvnivw¼Z Avi GKwU nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Lyb I Zvi i‡³ ‡Kvivb iwÄZ nIqvi
cÎ D×vi Kiv nq, Zv‡Z wgk‡ii MfY©‡ii Kv‡Q †jLv wQj ga¨ w`‡q| kwiqZ I cÖPwjZ Bmjvgx cwifvlvi m~‡Î: i‡³
†h, Ôgynv¤§` wgk‡ii bZzb MfY©i wnmv‡e †Zvgvi ILv‡b ARy †f‡½ Lvb& Lvb& nq, i‡³ †ivhv fv‡½, i‡³ bvgvR
hv‡”Q †cuŠQvgvÎB †hb Zv‡K nZ¨v Kiv nq|Õ AZtci fv‡½, i‡³ kwiq‡Zi aviv Dcaviv †f‡½-Pz‡i ZQ&bQ&
gynv¤§` ¸ßPi‡K e›`x K‡i Avevi gw`bv wd‡i G‡m n‡q hvq; i‡³i †Qvqvq mKj cweÎ e¯‘ I Ae¯‘ Ges
Ljxdvi Kv‡Q Gi cÖwZev` Rvbv‡j Ljxdv Zv A¯^xKvi wek¦vm AcweÎ n‡q hvq! †mB i‡³ AeMvwnZ †Kvivb
K‡ib| AZtci Z`š— KwgwUi gva¨‡g cÖgvY nq †h, GB N„Y¨ g~jZt AcweÎ bv n‡jI ZrKvjxb GK †kªYxi †bZ…¯’vbxq
RvwjqvwZ KvRwU K‡i‡Qb nhiZ gviIqvb web nvKvg [iv]| Qvnvev I Zv‡eBb‡`i PwiÎ †h Pigfv‡e KjylxZ n‡qwQj
wZwb Ljxdvi PvPv‡Zv fvB Z`ycwi †g‡qi RvgvB, Ni Zvi mv¶¨ enb K‡i nhiZ gyqvexqv I Zvi `‡ji
RvgvB Ges Ljxdvi N‡iB _v‡Kb| gynv¤§` I Zvi Qvnvev‡`i AvPiY †_‡K| Zvi D”Pvwfjvl nhiZ Imgv‡bi
mg_©K‡`i wZbwU `vex wQj: 1. NUbvi wePvi Ki A_ev 2. [iv] kvnv`‡Zi ci †_‡KB cÖKvk¨ iƒc aviY K‡i| ZvB Zvi
gviIqvb‡K `vI bZzev 3. †LjvdZ †_‡K m‡i `vovI| kvnv`Z‡K Bmy¨ K‡i b¨v°viRbK wePv‡ii `vex‡Z gymwjg
19

ivR¨gq †h `jv`wj, D”Q„sLj, wek„sLj I nvbv-nvwb Z_v cybt weevn Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv e‡j †Kviv‡bB †NvwlZ Av‡Q
M„n hy‡×i m~Pbv nq Ges AweiZ Pj‡Z _v‡K Zvi cÖavb (33:Avnhve-53)| Gi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY n‡jv: bex
bvqK GB Qvnvev nhiZ gyqvexqv| Zvi D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ cZœxMY cieZ©x mgv‡Ri mv‡_ RwoZ n‡Z cvi‡eb bv|
Ggbfv‡e cÖwZôv jvf K‡iwQj hv †`o nvRvi ermi hver Zviv ¯^Zš¿ I wbi‡c¶ Rxeb hvcb Ki‡eb; hv‡Z bex
AvRI Zv ejer Av‡Q| hw`I †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K AvÍ cZœx‡`i gvb gh©v`v wPiZ‡i A¶zYœ _v‡K Ges Zv‡`i K_vq
Kjn, hy× weMÖn I LybvLybx ¸i“Zi Aciva Z_v nvivg ev e¨env‡i cÖZ¨¶ ev c‡iv¶fv‡e Avj−vni bex †hb KLbI
†R‡bI gyqvexqvMY Ljxdv nhiZ Avjxi [iv] wei“‡× GKgvÎ mgv‡jvwPZ ev weZwK©Z bv nb| wKš‘ nhiZ gyqvexqvi
¶gZvi †jv‡f AbeiZ i³¶qx hy‡×, †K cÖK…Z gymwjg Pµv‡š— †m gvb gh©v`v aywjmvr nq| Avi GB my‡hv‡M
Avi †K Agymwjg; Avi †K wbnZ Avi †K kvnv`Z cÖvß, Zv ¯^v_©ev`xMY ivQyj I Zvi ¯¿x‡`i bv‡g Ges eiv‡Z kZ kZ
AvR †`o nvRvi ermi hver gš—e¨ Ki‡Z Avj−vgvMY mvnm nvw`m eqv‡bi my‡hvM cvq|
cvbwb| GKgvÎ ivQy‡ji bv‡g wg_¨v nvw`m ev d‡Zvqv cÖhy³ GZwKQy Kivi c‡iI Qvnvev gyqvexqvi D‡Ïk¨ mdj
kwiq‡Zi weav‡bi Kvi‡Y| KviY, G‡Z Qvnvev‡`i fzjΓwU nw”Qj bv ZvB gyg~l© Ae¯’vq cweÎ †Kviv‡bi ey‡K ek©vi
aiv ev mgv‡jvPbv Kiv AÁvZ Kvi‡Y Rvnvbœvgx nIqvi AvNvZ †n‡b †Kvivb‡K Aegvbbv Ki‡jv ¯^qs gnvbexi
KwVb ûwkqvix ewY©Z Av‡Q| c¶vš—‡i mZ¨‡K †Mvcb bv Nwbó QvnvevMYB| gymwjg BwZnv‡m †Kviv‡bi kc_ K‡i
Kivi KwVY wb‡`©k †Kviv‡b ewY©Z Av‡Q! †h hvB-B K‡i, wek¦vmNvZKZv GB cÖ_g I me©‡kªô| mZ¨ ej‡Z evav †bB
Zvi dj wZ‡j wZ‡j †fvM Kivi †NvlYvI †Kviv‡b ewY©Z †h, Zv msMwVZ n‡qwQj Qvnvev‡`i ØvivB|
Av‡Q| GgbwK gnv bex‡KI †Kvb †Kvb †¶‡Î mvgvb¨ fzj B`vwbs Av‡gwiKvq Ôw` UvBgm&Õ cwÎKvq †Kviv‡bi
I Ag‡bv‡hv‡Mi Kvi‡Y `¯‘i gZ agK Z_v †Zvev Kivi ey‡K PvKz we× K‡i i‡³ iwÄZ †Kviv‡bi GKwU KvU©yb gvÎ
ZvwM` w`‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b| [`ª: 2:evKviv-42; 40: ‡gvwgb- cÖKv‡k mviv gymwjg we‡k¦ cÖwZev‡`i So D‡VwQj| A_P
55;17:ewb-BmªvBj-74,75; 7: Avivd-199,200] ZrKvjxb gymjgvbMY, ïay gymjgvbB bq, gnvbexi
e¯‘Zc‡¶ nvw`m †eËvMY Qvnvev‡`i eiv‡Z gnvbexi QvnvevMY cÖK…Z †Kvivb‡KB ek©v we× Ki‡jv, Qvnvev I
bv‡g wjwLZ wg_¨v, hyw³nxb Ges Aev¯—e nvw`m¸wj Ljxdvi mvaviY i‡³ bq eis Rxeb †`qv i‡³B †Kvivb
Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm Ges ¯^-RvwZq Kj¼ †X‡K ivLvi GK iwÄZ Ki‡jv; †Kviv‡bi kc_ K‡i †mB †Kviv‡bi mv‡_
my`yi cÖmvix lohš¿ gvÎ| GKRb Ljxdv I Qvnvevi wek¦vmNvZKZv Ki‡jv! c¶vš—‡i mgMÖ †gvm‡jg RvwZ
kvnv`‡Zi wePv‡ii ARynv‡Z Avi GKRb Ljxdv I KZ kZ bxie f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡jv; †hb wKQyB nqwb|
Qvnvev, Zv‡eCb g„Zz¨ eiY K‡i‡Qb Zvi BwZnvm KZUzKzB mybœx‡`i BwZnvm I wek¦vm †h, gyqvexqv, Avgi Gebyj
ev †jLv n‡q‡Q| Avm& I Avjx‡K GKB mgq nZ¨v Kivi Rb¨ Lv‡iRxMY
nhiZ gyqvexqv nhiZ Avjxi m‡½ hyy‡× e¨_© n‡q lohš¿ K‡i; GB loh‡š¿ GKgvÎ LjxdvB aiv c‡o Avi
wb‡Ri A‰ea `vexi ¯^c‡¶ Rbmvavi‡Yi mg_©b Av`v‡qi gyqvexqv I Zvi †mbvcwZ i¶v cvq; c¶vš—‡i, kxqv‡`i
Rb¨ GgbwK bexcZœx wewe Avqkv‡KI [iv] †kl ch©š— hy‡×i wek¦vm I BwZnvm m¤ú~Y© wecixZ|
gv‡V G‡b bex RvgvZv I Ljxdv nhiZ Avjxi wei“‡× Amª g~jZt A‰ea †Ljvd‡Zi `Lj`vi, †Kvivb Lybx
aviY Kiv‡Z eva¨ K‡i‡Qb| wVK †hgb ev½vwjMY †Kvb gyqvexqv, ‡mbvcwZ Avgi, G‡`iB m„ó †mB lohš¿| g~‡j
GK mgq wRbœvn mv‡n‡ei fMœx wewe dv‡Zgv wRbœvn‡K `jxq DnvB †h hyw³m½Z I wek¦vm‡hvM¨, Zv cieZ©x BwZnvm
gybvdv AR©‡bi wbwg‡Ë fvov K‡iwQ‡jb! cwi¯‹vi mv¶¨ †`q| †mB gyqvexqviB A‡hvM¨ `yivPvi mš—
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, gnvbexi g„Zz¨i c‡i, Zvi †Kvb ¯¿x vb GwR‡`i Ljxdv g‡bvbqb Ges Z`-KZ©„K nhiZ Avjxi
20

[iv] mš—vb †nv‡m‡bi b„ksm nZ¨v| ïay nZ¨vB bq, nZ¨vi ûmvB‡bi [iv] Kei weaŸ¯’ K‡i †`q Ges Z_vq jyÚb
c~‡e© Kvievjvi cÖvš—‡i 10 w`b ch©š— wkï cwievimn K‡ib|Ó cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Giv mK‡jB wQ‡jb mybœx
Ae‡iva, cvbxq Lv‡`¨i Ae‡iva, AZtci ˆckvwPKfv‡e m¤cÖ`v‡qi|
nZ¨v| ivRv GwR‡`i †nv‡mb nZ¨v wek¦vm bvI n‡Z cv‡i AviI cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nhiZ gyqvexqvi cÖavb
†f‡e Qvnvev-Zv‡eCbMY †nv‡m‡bi gyÛ †K‡U GwR‡`i †mbvcwZ nhiZ Avgi Gebyj Avm&, whwb wQwà‡bi gv‡V
`iev‡i nvwRi Ki‡Z n‡qwQj| nhiZ nvmv‡bi wel AvÍi¶v I gyqvexqvi A‰ea †LjvdZ i¶v‡_© †Kviv‡bi
cÖ‡qv‡M g„Zz¨I ivR‰bwZK lohš¿| wKš‘ mybœxMY `wjq Kj¼ ey‡K ej−g we× K‡iwQ‡jb; wZwb g„Zz¨i c~e© ch©š— wgk‡ii
avgv Pvcv †`qvi Rb¨ Dnv ÔcvwievwiK Kj‡niÕ dj e‡j kvmbKZ©v wQ‡jb| wZwb †kl eq‡m gyqvexqvi c¶
BwZnvm iPbv K‡ib Ges nhiZ nvmv‡bi [iv] cwievi‡K Aej¤^‡bi Rb¨ AbyZß n‡qwQ‡jb| (A_©vr GwR`,
Kjw¼Z K‡ib| gxiRvd‡ii gZ NUbv NwU‡q AZtci ÔmwiÕ e‡jwQ‡jb|)Ó
bex I Zuvi cwievie‡M©i Dci Avj−vni we‡kl Ki“Yv [Z_¨myÎ: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl: 1g, 2q LÛ|]
wQj e‡j Kw_Z nq ( `ª: 3:61)| Avey mywdqv‡bi cyÎ nhiZ gnv bex I cieZ©x `yB gnvb Ljxdv Bmjv‡gi
gyqvexqv I Z`cyÎ GwR‡`i BnvB wQj bex cwiev‡ii Dci DrKl©Zvi †h †Rvqvi G‡bwQ‡jb, Zv AwP‡iB cieZ©x `yB
wnsmv I Av‡µv‡ki cÖavb KviY| Avi †mB Kvi‡YB bex gnvb Ljxdv‡`i mgq nVvr _g‡K `uvovq, ¯—ä n‡q hvq;
cwiev‡ii Dci †b‡g Av‡m hy‡Mi ci hyM Ab¨vq AZ¨vPvi, GKgvÎ gyqvexqv I Avgi Gebyj Avm& Gi Pµv‡š—| AZtci
AwePvi, hyjyg I wbh©vZb| BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûk‡bi cÖKvwkZ Zv‡`i ci †_‡K Bmjvgx we‡k¦ †h Zxeª fuvwUi Uvb †j‡M‡Q
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡li Av‡jv‡K: Zv A`¨ewa ZxeªZi n‡qB Pj‡Q|
Ò... Avjx Be‡b Avey Zvjx‡ei eskai‡`i AwaK msL¨KB nhiZ Avjxi [iv] mgq †_‡KB gymjgvb‡`i g‡a¨ †h
fvM¨ weow¤^Z wQ‡jb| Zv‡`i `yt‡Li Kvwnbx‡Z gymwjg `j-Dc`j, gZ‡f`, gZwe‡iva hz× weMÖn msMwVZ nq Zvi
BwZnvm cwic~Y© n‡q Av‡Q| DgvBqv kvmKMY Avjx cÖavb j¶¨e¯‘ GKgvÎ †LjvdZ, ag© bq| Avi †mB j‡¶¨B
eskxqMY‡K wbh©vZb K‡ib| †hgb Bgvg Beªvnxg‡K cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j-Dc`‡ji A‰ea `vex-`vIqvi ¯^c‡¶
nviiv‡b Ges hv‡q` Be‡b Rqbyj Av‡e`xb‡K Kzdvq nZ¨v; gnvbexi cweÎ bvgwU e¨envi ïi“ nq; ivQyj GUv e‡j‡Qb,
AveŸvmxqMY Zvnvw`M‡K cÖZvwiZ K‡i Avnjyj eqv‡Zi ivQyj IUv K‡i‡Qb BZ¨vw`| GUvB nvw`m I nvw`m
¯^v‡_©i cÖwZ cvim¨evmxi mnvbyf‚wZ‡K wb‡R‡`i Kv‡R msKj‡bi g~j Drm I DrcwËi me©cÖavb KviY e‡jB
jvMvb| A‡bK‡KB wel cÖ‡qv‡M AcmvwiZ Kiv nq e‡j cÖwZqgvb nq|
Kw_Z nq; h_v: Avj-nvmvb [iv] I Rvdi Avm& mvw`K‡K *
gw`bvq, gyQv Avj-KvwRg I gynv¤§` Avj-hvIqv`‡K
evM`v‡`, Avjx Avj- wi`v‡K Z‚‡m; A‡b¨iv Ljxdvi 8 nvw`‡mi cÖK…wZ I DrcwË
wei“‡× we‡`ªvnx n‡q hy‡× A_ev Rj−v‡`i nv‡Z g„Zz¨ eiY
K‡ib| evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb nvw`m Z_v kwiq‡Zi aviK
... DgvBqv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kej wØZxq Dgi Ge‡b Avãyj I evnK| nvw`‡mi mZ¨Zv, cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Ges Dnvi ¸i“Z¡
AvwRRB bex es‡ki Rb¨ we‡e‡Ki `skb Abyfe K‡ib| m¤^‡Ü wek¦‡Kv‡l wek`fv‡e wjwLZ Av‡Q| Dnvi ga¨
wKš‘ Avj-gyZvIqvwK¡‡ji mgq n‡Z cybivq bex es‡ki †_‡KB wbæ ewY©Z aviv¸wj Pqb Kiv n‡q‡Q, hv m~²fv‡e
Dci wbh©vZb ïi“ nq, hv Avj-gyš—vbwk‡ei Avgj ch©š— j¶¨ Kivi welq:
envj _v‡K| Avj-gyZvIqvK¡xj Kvievjv‡Z Avj- 1. cÖ_g n‡ZB Bmjv‡gi g~j bxwZ¸wj `„pfv‡e cÖwZwôZ
21

n‡qwQj| KviY †Kvivb bexi [mv] mybœvn Ges Zvi K‡i Bmjvg‡K †nq cÖwZcbœ Kivi Rb¨ Pµvš—g~jK
wbKU †_‡K mv¶vZfv‡e wk¶vcÖvß Qvnvex‡`i Rxeb nvw`m m„wó K‡iwQj mywbcyYfv‡e GK †kªYxi †jvK--
gymjgvb‡`i Rb¨ bxwZ I Av`‡k©i Drm iƒ‡c |
wbtm‡›`‡n wbw`©ó n‡qwQj| wKš‘ ¯^v_©ci e¨w³MY 9. nhiZ Avjx Ge‡b Avey Zvwje [iv] Gi †Ljvd‡Zi
wb‡R‡`i gZev‡`i c‡¶ mg_©b m„wói Dcvqiƒ‡c mgq †h M„nhy× ev‡a, Zvi d‡j Ljxdvi †hvM¨Zvi
Z_vKw_Z nvw`‡mi Avkªq LyuR‡Zv| GB Kvi‡Y gvcKvwV wnmv‡e †h me ¸Ycbvi cÖ‡qvRb, Zv wb‡q
cieZ©xKv‡j eû Rvj nvw`‡mi D™¢e n‡qwQj| wewfbœ gZev` M‡o D‡V Ges Kvjµ‡g wewfbœ
2. L„óxq MÖš’vw`i gg©, L„óxq ÔG¨c÷jÕ M‡Yi Dw³, ivR‰bwZK I mv¤cÖ`vwqK gZev` GK GKUv wbw`©ó
L„óvb‡`i AcÖvgvY¨ MÖš’vw`i Dw³, Bqvûw`‡`i aviYv, iƒc cwiMÖn K‡i|
MÖxK `vk©bxK‡`i gZev` cÖf…wZ hv wKQyB †Kvb mgq 10. DgvBqM‡Yi kvmbKv‡j Ljxdv c‡`i mwnZ ag©xq
†Kvb gymwjg GjvKvq wKQyUv cÖPvi Ges mg_©b jvf m¤ú‡K©i m~Î wkw_j n‡q c‡o|-- AveŸvmxq ivRavbx
Ki‡Zv, RvwjqvZ‡`i Kj¨v‡Y Giƒc A‡bK wKQyB evM`v‡` cvim¨ mgªvUM‡Yi ixwZ-bxwZ cÖeZ©b Kiv
mivmwi nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] Dw³ iƒ‡c nvw`‡mi nq|
†cvlv‡K Avwe©f‚Z n‡Zv| 11. Avieevmxq LjxdvMY Mv¤¢xh©c~Y© cwi‡e‡k RuvKRg‡Ki
3. †Kviv‡b †h mKj NUbv ms‡¶‡c wea„Z n‡q‡Q, Zv‡K mwnZ wmsnvm‡b Dc‡ekb Ki‡Zb| PZz¯úv‡k© †`n
†K›`ª K‡i DcvL¨vb m„wó wKsev Agymwjg m~‡Î cÖvß i¶xMY Ges cv‡k© Db¥y³ Zievix n‡¯— NvZK `Ûvqgvb
Dcv`v‡bi Dci wbf©i K‡i PgKcÖ` bZzb gZev` Ges _vK‡Zv| †mB m‡½ Zviv ivQy‡ji RyeŸv e‡j Kw_Z
ag© g‡Zi cÖPvi Kivi wbwg‡Ë¡ nhi‡Zi bvg RwoZ GKwU Rvgv cwiavb K‡i †Ljvd‡Zi ag©xq ¸i“Z¡ i¶vi
Kivi e¨vcv‡i RvwjqvZ‡`i wØav ms‡KvP‡eva wQj bv cÖqvm †c‡Zv| ivwóªq `wjj c‡Î ¯‘wZKviK‡`i ¯^
ej‡j AZz¨w³ nq bv --| cªksm bxwZi gva¨‡g ivQy‡ji m‡½ Zv‡`i Nwbô
4. mvaviY Dc‡`k evYx Ges ˆbwZK wk¶v BZ¨vw` welq m¤ú‡K©i K_v cÖKvk Kiv n‡Zv|
Rvj nvw`‡mi QovQwo wQj| 12. Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi m~Pbvq ivR‰bwZK Kvi‡Y
5. wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Aš—©Ø‡›Ø Dfq c¶B nvw`m †_‡K †LjvdZ gZev‡`i D™¢e nq| wfbœ wfbœ gbxlxi wPš—
mg_©b †hvMv‡oi †Póv Ki‡Zv| vavivq GB gZev` wewfbœ iƒc cwiMÖn K‡i cÖPvwiZ
6. mvaviYfv‡e †Kej cieZx© ivR‰bwZK NUbvejx Ges n‡Z _v‡K| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl; nvw`m
ag©xq Av‡›`vj‡bi MwZaviv m¤úK©B bq, eis hy× Aa¨vq; c„: 477]
R‡qi ga¨ w`‡q †h bZzb mvgvwRK Ae¯’vi m„wó mgv‡jvPbv
n‡qwQj, †m †¶‡ÎI Rbmvavi‡Yi mg_©b jv‡fi Rb¨ BmjvwgK HwZnvwmK Avm& kvnivw¯— e‡jb †h, †LjvdZ
Z_v-Kw_Z fwel¨r evYx m¤^wjZ nvw`m cwi‡ewkZ gZev‡`i Kvi‡Y Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡m †hgb i³cvZ I
n‡Zv| msN‡l©i m„wó nq; Ab¨ †Kvb a‡g©i Kvi‡Y †miƒc N‡U bvB|
7. GK †kªYxi †jvK mrKv‡Ri Drmvn m„wó Ges [ms. B. wek¦‡Kvl; ÔAvjxÕ Aa¨vq]
AcK‡g©i Aïf cwiYv‡gi fxwZ D‡`ªK Kivi mij †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi cieZ©x hy‡M gymwjg we‡k¦i †h
D‡Ï‡k¨ Avß eP‡bi mwnZ Dc‡hvMx mb` Ry‡o Zv‡K Pig Ae¶q n‡qwQj, Dc‡ivwj−wLZ aviv¸wj wbi‡c¶
nvw`‡mi †cvlv‡K cÖPvi Ki‡Zv| Áv‡b we‡k−lY Ki‡j Dnvi GKwU wefrm iƒc A¼b Kiv
8. Aci c‡¶i be `xw¶Z gymwjg‡`i gy‡Lvk cwiavb hvq| Rvj nvw`m iPbv wbixn mij cÖvY Rbmvavi‡Yi c‡¶
22

KLbI m¤¢eci bq| eis `‡ji †bZv, weP¶Y, PZzi j¶¨ K‡iB Avgvi ivM I wPš—v n‡”Q|Ó [`ª: †evLvix,1g
eyw×gvb I cÖfvekvjxMYB Zv K‡i _v‡Kb| Avi ej‡Z LÛ, AvwRRyj. nK; c„: 203; (wZiwgRx) wiqv`ym
evav †bB †h, Giv mK‡jB kwiqZx cwifvlvi my‡Î mvnvev mv‡jnxb, 3q LÛ]
I Zv‡eBb wQ‡jb| 2. mvnvex Avbvm& web gvwjK m~‡Î ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb,
e¨w³ I `‡ji N„Y¨ ¯^v‡_© gnv bexi cweÎ bv‡gi wg_¨v Ôûhy‡i AvKivg [mv] Gi Rvgvbvq Avgiv Øxb Bmjv‡gi
†`vnvB w`‡q nvw`m iPbvi Avw`Kv‡ji †mB cÖeYZv AvRI hv wKQy †c‡qwQ Im‡ei wKQyB AvR cwiwPZ bq| A_©vr
`~i nq wb| Ôwg_¨vi gva¨‡g mZ¨ cÖPviÕ GUv bvwK mij mewKQyB gvbyl weM‡o w`‡q‡Q|Õ R‰bK wkl¨ cÖkœ
D‡Ïk¨! Avj−vn-ivQyj Z_v †Kviv‡bi Dci wek¦v‡mi Ki‡jb, ÔZvn‡j Avgv‡`i bvgvR? bvgvRI wK wVK
KZLvwb AebwZ n‡j Avi KZLvwb Pwi‡Îi Ae¶q n‡j †bB?Õ wZwb ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgiv wK †Zvgv‡`i bvgv‡R
Ôwg_¨vi Avkªq‡KÕ mij D‡Ïk¨ e‡j gš—e¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i! †m me Ki‡Qvbv-hv †Zvgiv wb‡RivI AeMZ AvQ|Õ
Avi G gš—e¨wU K‡i‡Qb Ômsw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ [`ª: H, H]
evsjvi 15 Rb †kªô Av‡jg-m¤úv`K!! 3. nhiZ gyqvexqv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, †n †jvK
mZ¨‡K wg_¨v w`‡q XvKv hvq| Avi hvq e‡jB †Kviv‡b mKj †Zvgiv Ggb bvgvR Av`vq Ki hv Avwg KLbI
Dnv KwVYfv‡e wbwl× n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ wg_¨v‡K mZ¨ w`‡q XvKv ivQyj‡K Av`vq Ki‡Z †`wLwb|A_P Avwg Zvi Nwbó
hvq bv| wg_¨v‡K Avi GKwU A_ev GKvwaK wg_¨v w`‡qB mnPi| wZwb H 2 ivKvZ bvgvR co‡Z wb‡la K‡i‡Qb
XvK‡Z nq| A_©vr Avm‡ii c‡i †h 2 ivKvZ bvgvR cov nq| [`ª:
Bgvg †evLvixMY †Kgb Av‡jg, †Kgb ivex, †Kgb †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwRRyj nK; c„:267]
cwi‡ek †_‡K nvw`m msMÖn K‡i‡Qb Zvi GKwU mg¨K wPÎ nvw`m 3wU A¯^xKvi Kivi ¶gZv kwiq‡Zi †bB Ges Dnv
Dc‡i ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| Gev‡i †mB mgv‡Ri mg~n iƒc †h mgMÖ †Qnv‡QËv‡K m‡›`nRbK K‡i Zz‡j‡Q ZvI
KZLvwb exfrm I KjywlZ n‡qwQj, Zv Zv‡`iB ewY©Z A¯^xKvi Kivi ¶gZv Zv‡`i Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
wZbwU nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K cÖK…Z avwg©KMY w¯’i wm×v‡š— *
†cuŠQ‡Z cv‡ib:
1. mvnvex Qv‡jg I Bgvg hynix [iv] m~‡Î ewY©Z: wZwb 9 nvw`m msMÖ‡ni BwZnvm
e‡jb, ÒD‡¤§ `vi`v‡K Avwg ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h, GKevi
Avey `vi`v [iv] Lye wPš—vhy³ Ges ivMvwš^Z Ae¯’vq †Qnv‡QËv A_©vr ÔQqLvwb mZ¨Õ nvw`‡mi g‡a¨ †jLK
evwni †_‡K Avgvi Kv‡Q Av‡mb| Avwg Gi KviY Bgvg †evLvix I Bgvg †gvm‡jg cÖavb I †kªô wnmv‡e
Rvb‡Z PvB‡j wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvj−vni Kmg! gynv¤§` [mv] gymwjg we‡k¦ cÖwZwôZ weavq we‡kl K‡i H `ÕyRb m¤^‡Ü
Gi kwiq‡Z Ggb wKQy †bB hv gvby‡li Kv‡Q ARvbv- wek` Av‡jvPbvi g‡a¨B Ab¨vb¨‡`i cwiPq cvIqv hv‡e|
A‡`Lv i‡q‡Q| wKš‘ `yt†Li welq gvbyl RvgvZe× n‡q gnvbexi g„Zz¨i cÖvq 3 kZ ermi c‡i, A_©vr 5/6
bvgvR c‡o| A_©vr D¤§‡Z †gvnv¤§`xqvi g‡a¨ GZ AwaK cyi“l AwZevwnZ nIqvi c‡i, 210 wnRix gvÎ 16 ermi
cwigvY cvc Kg© Ges kwiqZ we‡ivax Kg©KvÛ cÖ‡ek eq‡m Bgvg †evLvix nvw`m kvmª wk¶vq g‡bv‡hvM †`b|
K‡i‡Q †h, Zv‡`i †Kvb GKwU KvRI ûhy‡ii [mv] cieZ©x 16 ermi A_©vr 226 wnRix †_‡K mgMÖ Gwkqv
ZixKv Abyhvqx bq| †KejgvÎ GKwU e¨vcvi Qvov| Avwd«Kv ågY K‡i †`‡k †`‡k cvovq cvovq Ny‡i Ny‡i †gvU
Avi Zv n‡”Q Rvgv‡Zi mv‡_ bvgvR Av`vq Kiv| GUvI 6/30 j¶ nvw`m msMÖn K‡ib| cÖKvk _v‡K †h, ZLb
†hb Zv‡`i KvQ †_‡K we`vq n‡q bv hvq| G‡nb Ae¯’v mvnvev, Zv‡eBb Ggb wK Zv‡e-Zv‡eBbI †eu‡P _vKvi
23

K_v bq| nvw`m msMÖn c×wZi GKwU D`vniY j¶Yxq: wZwb Avgv‡K Bkviv K‡i Kv‡Q WvK‡jb| Avwg wbK‡U
Bgvg †evLvix hvi KvQ †_‡K nvw`m ï‡b‡Qb, wZwb hvi nvwRi n‡q Zvunvi (wc‡Vi cÖwZ wcV w`‡q wecixZ gyLx)
Kv‡Q Ges wZwb hvi Kv‡Q Gfv‡e †kvbvi wQj& wQjv ev myÎ cv‡qi wbKUeZx© `uvwo‡q _vKjvg; m¤§y‡Li w`‡K c`©v wQj
ci¤úivi mKj‡KB ivex ev eY©bvKvix e‡j| GiKg GKwU †`qvj Ges wcQ‡bi w`‡K †nvhvqdv‡K [iv] `uvo Kwi‡q
nvw`‡mi ivexi msL¨v 7 †_‡K 100 Rb ch©š—I Av‡Q, ivQyjvj−vn Qv‡j−j−vû AvjvB‡n AQvj−vg c`©vi e¨e¯’v
†hgb: Ki‡jb; `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Kivi `i“b Kvco GKUz †ekx
Bgvg †evLvix Zvi cwiwPZ ÔSÕ Gi Kv‡Q ï‡b‡Qb †h, DwV‡e)| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`; AvwRRyj nK; 1g LÛ; c„:
ÒivQyjvj−vn [mv] gnj−vi AveR©bv †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbKU 138]|
`uvwo‡q cÖmªve K‡i‡Qb|Ó Bgvg †evLvix ÔSÕ†K cÖkœ D‡j−wLZ nvw`‡m ÔSÕ †_‡K Qvnvex †nvhvqdv ch©š— gvÎ
Ki‡jb, ÔZzwg Kvi Kv‡Q ï‡b‡Qv?Õ--ÔR' Gi Kv‡Q|-- 12 Rb ivex| c¶vš—‡i, Ggb nvw`m Av‡Q hvi ivexi
†Kv_vq _v‡Kb ÔRÕ?--emivi AgyK MÖv‡g| Bgvg †evLvix msL¨v 1 kZ Rb; Avi me©wbæ msL¨v 7 Rb, hv c~‡e©B
AZtci evM`v` †_‡K emivq MgY Ki‡jb| A‡bK †LuvRv Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| nvw`m msMÖ‡n m~Î ci¤úiv ivex‡`i
LuywRi c‡i ÔRÕ†K †c‡jb| wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, ÔAvcwb bvwK g‡a¨ GK ev GKvwaK ivexi mv¶vZ cvIqv hvq wb A_ev
GKwU nvw`m Rv‡bb?Õ - R¡x!- eY©bv Ki“b; ÔivQyjvj−vn eY©bvq wZj gvÎ cv_©K¨ cwijw¶Z n‡q‡Q A_ev †Kvb
gnj−vi AveR©bv †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbKU `uvwo‡q cÖmªve ivexi K_vq ev Kv‡R wg_¨v, fzj A_ev m‡›`n n‡j Bgvg
K‡i‡Qb|Õ- Kvi KvQ †_‡K ï‡b‡Qb? ÔQÕi Kv‡Q| - †evLvixMY [i] Zuvi ewY©Z nvw`mwU Avi MÖnY K‡ib wb eis
†Kv_vq _v‡Kb ÔQÕ?- gw`bvq| Bgvg †evLvix emiv †_‡K Zr¶Yvr Zv eR©b K‡i‡Qb| D`vniY ¯^iƒc:
gw`bvq Mgb Ki‡jb; ÔQÕ†K †c‡jb Ges wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, Bgvg †evLvix †Kvb GK nvw`‡mi †Luv‡R wbw`©ó ivexi
ÔAvcwb bvwK gnvbexi GKwU nvw`m eqvb K‡i _v‡Kb?- m‡½ mv¶vZ Ki‡Z †M‡j, wZwb †`L‡Z cvb evMv‡b †mB
nu¨v!- Avgv‡K ïbv‡eb? ÔivQyjvj−vn--- `vwou‡q cÖmªve ivex Qy‡U hvIqv †Nvov‡K aivi Rb¨ evj&wZ‡Z Lvevi †i‡L
K‡i‡Qb|Õ †Kv‡Ì‡K ïb‡jb?- wmwiqvi ÔPÕGi Kv‡Q| †Nvov‡K WvK‡Qb| Bgvg †evLvix Kv‡Q wM‡q †`L‡Z cvb
Bgvg †evLvix cv‡q †nu‡U wmwiqv Mgb Ki‡jb! h_vh_ cÖkœ evj&wZwUi g‡a¨ †Kvb Lvevi †bB G‡Kev‡i ïb¨| AZGe
Ki‡jb, ïb‡jb| AZtci civgk© gZ Biv‡bi Lyg kn‡i †Nvov‡K cÖZvwiZ Kivi Aciv‡a D³ ivexi ewY©Z nvw`mwU
ÔOÕi mv¶vZ jvf Ki‡jb| Zvi Dc‡`k gZ ivRavbx bv ï‡bB Bgvg †evLvix †dir P‡j Av‡mb!
†Zniv‡b wM‡q ÔNÕi m‡½ †gvjvKvZ Ki‡jb| †mLvb G‡nb mZK©Zvi mwnZ Bgvg †evLvix wgki, BivK,
†_‡K †Nvovq P‡o g°vq ÔMÕi evox‡Z Zmixd wb‡jb| Bivb, B‡q‡gb I †mŠw` Avi‡e w`‡bi ci w`b iv‡Zi ci
ÔMÕi Dc‡`k gZ ÔLÕi evox wiqv‡` Dcw¯’Z n‡jb| †mLvb ivZ ågY K‡i K‡i AwZ m~²vwZ m~² wePvi we‡k−l‡Yi
†_‡K cybivq GwR‡`i ivRavbx `v‡g‡¯‹ wM‡q ÔKÕ Gi gva¨‡g 6 j¶ nvw`‡mi m‡½ †KvwU †KvwU ivexi bvg,
¯§iYvcbœ n‡jb| h_v wewnZ m¤§vb cÖ`k©b c~e©K cÖ‡kœi wVKvbv I Zv‡`i Rxe‡bwZnvm †kvbv gvÎ †gŠwLKfv‡e Ges
Dˇi ÔKÕ ej‡jb, ÒAvwg giûg ÔAÕ†K ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h, gyL¯— K‡i msMÖn K‡ib| AZtci gw`bvq gnvbexi iIRv
wZwb ï‡b‡Qb Zv‡eBb Agy‡Ki Kv‡Q, AgyK ï‡b‡Qb Qvnvev †gvevi‡Ki Avkcv‡k e‡m KÚ¯’ nvw`m¸wj cybivq †ivgš’b
†nvhvqdvi [iv] Kv‡Q| Qvnvev †nvhvqdv e‡j‡Qb †h, ÒAvwg K‡i K‡i wbR we‡eK, wePvi we‡k−lY K‡i Abygvb 5 j¶
GK`v nhi‡Zi m‡½ †Kv_vI hvw”Qjvg, cw_g‡a¨ wZwb 92 nvRvi 2 kZ 25wU nvw`m wg_¨v, fzj, Rvj BZ¨vw`
gnj−vi AveR©bv †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbKU G‡m GKwU †`qvj m‡›`n K‡i eR©b K‡ib Ges cÖvq 3 nvRvi, gZvš—‡i 7
gyLx n‡q `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Ki‡jb| Avwg `~‡i m‡i hvw”Qjvg, nvRviwU nvw`m mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡ib; AZtci mZ¨ gnv
24

mZ¨ e‡j wb‡Ri bv‡g cÖKvk I cÖPvi K‡ib| GZ`m‡½ K‡iwQ‡jb,ZvB wReªvBj fyj ms‡kvab K‡ib! c¶vš—
gyL¯’K…Z †KvwU †KvwU ivex‡`i bvg wVKvbv I Zv‡`i mviv ‡i, wZb kZ ermi c‡i wjwLZ nvw`m †jLKMY ¯^-¯^
Rxe‡bi mZ¨ K_v-Kv‡Ri ¯^c‡¶ evQwb K‡i gvÎ 1,800 nvw`m mZ¨ gnv mZ¨ †NvlYvi wcQ‡b †Kvb mr D‡Ïk¨
kZ ivexi Rxebx ÔBmbv`Õ bv‡g `wjj iPbv K‡ib| _vK‡Z cv‡i bv!
GKB cš’vq †Qnv‡QËvi BgvgMY me©‡gvU 30 j¶ nvw`m 4. nvw`m †jLKMY cÖvq mK‡jB mgmvgwqK, Ggb wK G‡K
msMÖn K‡i, M‡o cÖvq Bgvg †evLvix-7,275; Bgvg A‡b¨i ¸i“ wkl¨ wQ‡jb| ¸i“i wbKU nvw`m wk¶v K‡i,
†gvm‡jg-4,000; Avey `vD`-4,800; wZiwgRx-3,812; AZtci ¸i“i msM„nxZ nvw`‡mi Dci Cgvb bv G‡b
Be‡b gvRvn&-4,341; Ges bvQvB cÖvq 4,000wU nvw`m ¯^Zš¿fv‡e Ges GKB cš’vq nvw`m msMÖn I msKjb
MÖnY K‡ib| †Qvnv‡QËv QvovI eû nvw`m MÖš’ Av‡Q, hv Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv I cÖwZ‡hvwMZv eoB inm¨gq I
ch©vß mvM‡i` I cÖPv‡ii Afv‡e cwiPq jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i m‡›`nRbK e‡U! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Bgvg †evLvix,
wb| †m¸wji msL¨v 40 j‡¶i I D‡a© e‡j cÖgvY cvIqv †gvm‡jg A‡bK mZ¨ nvw`m eR©b K‡i‡Qb e‡j nv‡ji
hvq| e½vbyev‡` `„ó nq|
mgv‡jvPbv 5. Kw_Z Av‡Q Bgvg †evLvix I Bgvg †gvm‡jg GK‡Î
1. AwZ m~²vwZ m~²fv‡e wePvi we‡k−lY Ges KwVY nvw`m Aa¨qbKv‡j Zv‡`i ¸i“ nvw`m mgªvU gynv¤§` web
mZK©Zvi mv‡_ AvbygvwbK 30 j¶ nvw`m mZ¨ e‡jB BqvnBqv hvn&jxi mwnZ GKwU welq Bgvg †evLvixi
MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb; GZ mZK©Zvi mv‡_ MÖnY Kivi c‡iB wfbœ gZ †cvlY K‡ib| (welqwU wK wQj AÁvZ Kvi‡Y
AvbygvwbK 29 j¶ 92 nvRvi 7 kZ nvw`m wg_¨v e‡j Zv cÖKvk K‡ib wb; Z‡e †mUv †h †gŠwjK I ¸i“Z¡c~Y©
Avevi eR©bI K‡i‡Qb| AZGe cvVK‡`i g‡b wQj, A_©vr †gvmjgvwb‡Z¡i Dci ûgwK ¯^iƒc wQj,
¯^fveZB cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, nvw`m msMÖn, wePvi we‡k−lY, Zv‡Z m‡›`n †bB|) µ‡g H we‡iva GZB Zxeª AvKvi
i¶b-eR©b meB cÖnmb e‡jB g‡b nq! aviY Ki‡jv †h, Bgvg †evLvix Bgvg hvn&jxi g³e
2. nvw`m m~Î Abyhvqx gnvbexi bv‡g †Kn wg_¨v iPbv Z¨vM K‡ib|
Ki‡j Ges Zuvi mZ¨ evYx †Mvcb A_ev Z¨vM Ki‡j AZtci Bgvg hvn&jx ¯^xq ¯‹z‡j †NvlYv K‡ib †h,
Aek¨B †m Rvnvbœvgx n‡e| G¶‡Y Zv‡`i msM„nxZ Qwnn& †evLvixi mwnZ Zvi †Kvb wkl¨ †hb wgwjZ bv nq|
(mZ¨) bv‡gi cÖvq 7,000wU nvw`‡mi g‡a¨ GKwU A_©vr ¸i“ hvn&jx wkl¨ †evLvix‡K AevwÂZ †gvm‡jg
nvw`mI hw` wg_¨v ev fzj cÖgvwYZ nq! Z‡e 29, †NvlYv K‡ib; ïay ZvB-B bq Rbve †evLvix‡K hviv
92,700 kZwUi g‡a¨ `yÕPviwU †h Aek¨B mZ¨ wQj Zv AbymiY Ki‡e ZvivI AevwÂZ †gvm‡jg e‡j †NvwlZ
†PvL ey‡RB ejv hvq| Avi hw` ZvB-B nq Z‡e n‡e| wKš‘ †evLvixi mwnZ †gvm‡j‡gi Mfxi m¤úK©
†Kvivb GgbwK nvw`‡mi aviv †gvZv‡eK msMÖvnK Bgvg wQj| wZwb †evLvixi mwnZ wgwjZ n‡Zb Ges Zvi
†gvnv‡ÏmMY nvw`m MÖnY eR©b, A_©vr Dfq c¶ †_‡KB wbKU †_‡K nvw`m wk¶v Ki‡Zb| welqwU ¯^xq wk‡l¨i
Rvnvbœvgx nIqvi AvksKvB wbwðr e‡U! gva¨‡g AeMZ n‡q Bgvg hvn&jx mnmv †NvlYv †`b:
3. Kw_Z Av‡Q gnvbexi Kv‡Q Anx Avmvi m‡½ m‡½B Òwe‡kl GKwU †NvlYv m¤^‡Ü †h e¨w³ †evLvixi b¨vq
Zvi Dcw¯’wZ‡ZB QvnvevMY KZ©„K †jLv n‡Zv; [eis wek¦vm K‡i I Zvi ivq MÖnY K‡i, †m †hb Avgvi
wZwb wb‡RB wjL‡Zb] AZtci Kw_Z nq GKevi bq, gRwjm †_‡K P‡j hvq|Ó G †NvlYv †kvbvi m‡½ m‡½
`yBevi wReªvBj KZ©„K Dnvi ms‡kvab Kiv n‡q‡Q| †gvm‡jg D‡V `uvov‡jb Ges Zvi cvV Z¨vM K‡i P‡j
A_©vr ivQy‡ji mvg‡bB QvnvevMY †Kvivb wjL‡Z fzj Av‡mb| AZtci †gvm‡jg Bgvg hvn&jxi wbKU †_‡K
25

†jLv mKj nvw`m †dir †`b| Bnvi ci Zvi wbKU e¨vcv‡i D`vmxb _vK‡Z cv‡ib bvB, wbi‡c¶I wQ‡jb
†_‡K Avi †Kvb nvw`m eY©bv K‡ib wb| [`ª: Qwnn& bv| myZivs miKvixfv‡e nvw`m msKwjZ n‡j, Zv‡K
†gvm‡jg; e½vbyev`: Av: dvZvn& f‚Tv; 1g LÛ, c„: mywbwðZfv‡e g›` †Pv‡L †`Lv n‡Zv| †mŠfvM¨µ‡g
82|] wbôvevb wbi‡c¶ gynvwÏmM‡Yi wbR¯^ cÖ‡Póvq nvw`m
e¨w³MZ A_ev `jxq wek¦vm Ges †Kv›`‡ji Kvi‡Y msM„nxZ I msKwjZ n‡qwQj|Ó [H wek¦‡Kvl; nvw`m
gnvbexi evYx eqKU K‡i cybt bZzb K‡i nvw`m msMÖ‡ni Aa¨vq]|
wcQ‡b hyw³ hvB-B _vKzK Zv Aek¨B ag©xq Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨
bq e‡jB wek¦vm Kivi hyw³ Av‡Q| ZvQvov ¸i“i wbKU c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, Bgvg †evLvix Avcb bxwZ
wk¶v MÖnY K‡i AZtci Zv †dir †`qv hvq, Ggb AjxK I gvjvi wbix‡L m~² wePvi we‡k−l‡Yi ciB 6 j¶ nvw`m
KvíwbK hyw³ wK‡kvi myjf e‡U! ag©xq ¸i“ KZ…©K QvÎØq‡K mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| AZtci Dnv †_‡K cybt wePvi
ewn¯‹vi! Rbmvavi‡Yi mvg‡b cÖvq †`o nvRvi ermi j¤^v we‡k−l‡Yi ci cÖvq 7,275wU nvw`m mZ¨ gnv mZ¨ e‡j
GKwU cÖkœ‡evaK wPý `Ûvqgvb !! MÖnY K‡i evwK 5 j¶ 92 nvRvi 7kZ 25wU nvw`m wg_¨v
6. Bgvg †evLvixi nvw`m msMÖn I msKj‡bi Aby‡cÖiYv I e‡j eR©b K‡i‡Qb| AevK nIqvi K_v †h, GB `yB `dv
cÖavb Drm ‡bZ…‡Z¡i cÖwZ‡hvMxZv; ¸i“ Bgvg hvn&jxi wePvi we‡k−l‡Yi bxwZgvjv wQj GKB Ges GKB e¨w³i
m‡½ gZwe‡iva GKwU Ab¨Zg cÖavb cÖgvb| c¶vš—‡i B”Qv I Awb”Qv Ges gvcKvwV wQj fve, Kíbv I Abygvb
Bgvg †gvm‡jg, Bgvg †evLvix‡K ¸i“ ¯^xKvi Kivi gvÎ|
c‡iI ¸i“i msKwjZ nvw`‡mi Dci Cgvb bv G‡b cybt cvVKe„›` Av‡iv AevK n‡eb †h, Dwj−wLZ H 7,275wU
¯^Zš¿fv‡e nvw`m msMÖn I msKjb K‡i ¸i“i Kjw¼Z nvw`‡mi g‡a¨I Ôci¯úi we‡ivaxÕ, ÔwbR¯^ g‡Zi mv‡_
c`v¼ AbymiY K‡i‡Qb! cieZ©x Bgvg I msKjKMYI m½wZc~Y© bqÕ Ggb nvw`mI Zv‡Z Av‡Q e‡j wek¦‡Kvl
H GKB cš’v Aej¤^b K‡ib| wnsmvi ekeZ©x n‡q ¸i“ ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb| AZGe Kw_Z nvw`m MÖn‡Yi
hvn&jxi wkLv‡bv nvw`m Qwnn& †evLvix I Qwnn& †gvm‡jg ÔbxwZgvjvÕ ej‡Z nvw`m msKjK‡`i e¨w³MZ gZ, wek¦vm,
MÖ‡š’ GKwUI ¯’vb bv †`qvi KviY kwiq‡Zi Rb¨ GKwU Abygvb I fvev‡eM Ges †ckv`vix j¶¨ Qvov Ab¨ wKQy wQj
Avš—R©vwZK Kj¼ †nZz Rbmvavi‡Yi Rb¨ eoB nZvkv bv|
I D‡ØMRbK e‡U ! 8. nhiZ Imgv‡bi [iv] mgq nvw`m †Zv `~‡ii K_v
7. Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡li eY©bvq: ÒmiKvixfv‡e †Kvb GgbwK †KvivbB wewfbœ `j I g‡Z wewfbœ †`‡k
nvw`m msKjbB cÖKvk Kiv nq wb| n‡j Gi GgbwK GKB †`‡k ¯^Zš¿fv‡e msKjb Kiv n‡qwQj|
MÖnY†hvM¨Zv nIqv A‡c¶v c¶cvZ `yó nevi AvksKv gnvgwZ nhiZ Imgvb [iv] Zv K‡Vvi n‡¯— †m Ac‡Póv
wQj †ewk| msKjb¸wj msKjK‡`i wbi‡c¶Zv I `gb K‡ib| AZtci miKvix ZË¡veav‡b †Kviv‡bi
wbôvi cwi¯‹vi mv¶¨ enb K‡i| eY©bv MÖnY msµvš— Abywjwc K‡i mg¯— gymwjg †`‡k †cÖiY K‡ib| nhiZ
bxwZgvjvi †cªw¶‡Z MÖnY‡hvM¨ g‡b n‡j Zviv AvcvZ Imgv‡bi [iv] GB Agi KxwZ© KvjvKv‡ji Rb¨ gymwjg
`„wó‡Z ci¯úi we‡ivax GgbwK wbR¯^ g‡Zi mv‡_ wek¦‡K FYx K‡i †i‡L‡Q| bZzev †Qnv‡QËvi gZB GKK
msMwZc~Y© bq Ggb A‡bK nvw`m‡KI wbi‡c¶fv‡e gymwjg we‡k¦ GKvwaK †Kviv‡bi Abymvix n‡q †gvm‡jg
Zv‡`i msKj‡b ¯’vb w`‡q‡Qb| nvw`‡mi msMÖn I BwZnvm Av‡iv Pigfv‡e Kjw¼Z n‡q _vK‡Zv| hw`I
msKjb MÖš’ cÖ¯‘wZi ga¨eZ©x mgq eû gZev‡`i Rb¥ HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z †m †Kvivb †evW© weZ‡K©i D‡×©
n‡qwQj Ges miKvi [A_©vr LwjdvMY] GB gZev‡`i wQj bv| Zvi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY wQj †h, nhiZ
26

Avjxi [iv] iw¶Z †Kvivb Ges wewe Avqkvi msM„nxZ nvw`‡mi cÖvgvwYKZvi g‡a¨ wKQy gvÎ m‡›`‡ni AeKvk
6666wU AvqvZ msewjZ †Kvivb MÖnY Kiv n‡qwQj bvB| H mg¯— wbqg Kvbyb wjwce× Kwiqv ÔDQy‡j nvw`mÕ
bv| c¶vš—‡i BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûk‡bi wek¦ †Kv‡l ev Ônvw`‡mi cÖvgvwYKZvÕ cix¶v Kivi wbqg-Kvbyb bv‡g
evsjvi †kªô 15 Rb Av‡j‡gi gš—e¨ hyw³nxY I GKwU we‡kl kvmª msKjb Kiv nBqv‡Q Ges GB kv‡mª eû
nZvkvRbK I †ckvwfwËK e‡jB g‡b nq| †KZve †jLv Av‡Q|
miKvix ch©vq A_ev †Qnv‡QËvi Bgvg I ¸i“-wkl¨MY wb‡æ H mKj wbqg-Kvby‡bi KwZcq aviv D×…Z nBj;
GKwÎZ n‡q me© m¤§wZµ‡g GKLvwb nvw`m MÖš’ iPbv Ki‡j nvw`miƒ‡c MÖnYxq nBevi Rb¨ mvaviYZ Dnvi mb‡` PvwiwU
†gvm‡jg we‡k¦ gZ‡f`, gZwe‡iva; kxqv, Qybœx, BmgvBjx, cÖavb wel‡qi cÖwZ me© cÖ_‡g bRi w`‡Z nB‡e:
Invex, Avng`xqv AmsL¨ `j-Dc`‡ji Rb¥ n‡Zv bv; n‡Zv 1. kZ kZ ev nvRvi eQi c‡iB nDK bv †Kb, bex [mv]
bv †Kvb i³viw³| _vK‡Zv bv Bmjvg Z_v gnvbex‡K wb‡q nB‡Z Avi¤¢ Kwiqv †kl ch©š— myÎ ci¤úivq ch©vqµ‡g
Agymwjg‡`i g‡a¨ GZ weZK© I m‡›`‡ni my‡hvM| d‡j hZRb mv¶xi gva¨‡g nvw`mLvbv †cŠwQqv‡Q, GK GK
we‡k¦i msL¨vMwiô gvbyl Avkªq wbZ Bmjv‡gi Qvqv Z‡j| Kwiqv mg¯— mv¶xi cwiwPwZ, bv‡gi ZvwjKv
* my¯úóiƒ‡c D‡j−L Kwi‡Z nB‡e| †Kvb GKR‡bi bvgI
†hb ev` bv c‡o, bZzev nvw`m MÖnYxq nB‡e bv| GB
10 nvw`m mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶vi Awfbe c×wZ avivwUi mwnZ Avevi `yBwU Dc-avivI iwnqv‡Q:
K. D³ mv¶¨ `vZv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖwZwU mv¶x ev ivex Zvnvi
†gvnv‡ÏmMY ¯^-¯^ msM„nxZ nvw`m ¯^-¯^ `„wó‡KvY †_‡K c~‡e©i mv¶¨ `vZvi bvg D‡j−L Kivi m‡½ m‡½ ¯úó
QvUvB evQvB K‡i‡Qb| Z‡e cÖ‡Z¨‡KB wZb kZ ermi D‡j−L Kwi‡eb †h, ÔAvwg Agy‡Ki gy‡L ïwbqvwQÕ ÔwZwb
c~‡e©i bex I Qvnvev‡`i K_v I K‡g©i mv¶x ev eY©bv Kwiqv‡QbÕ ev ÔAgyK Avgvi wbKU eY©bv
cÖvgvwYKZvq Abygvb I KvíwbK ¯^-mv¶xB cÖavb Kwiqv‡Qb|Õ †Kvb GKRb mv¶xI hw` Hiƒc ¯úó kã
Aej¤^b| A_©vr nvw`m msMÖn, nvw`‡mi mv¶x msMÖn, bv ewjqv †Kvb A¯úó ev ب_©‡evaK kã e¨envi
Zv‡`i bvg wVKvbv msMÖn Ges Zvi mZ¨ wg_¨vi mv¶xi K‡ib, †hgb Giƒc e‡jb †h, ÔQwjg Kwjg nB‡Z eY©bv
cÖgvY GKK e¨w³ ØvivB msM„xZ I msKwjZ n‡q‡Q| Kwiqv‡QbÕ GKwU mv¶xi †ejvqI Hiƒc A¯úó fvlv
wØZxqZt, †gvnv‡ÏmM‡Yi wbR¯^ Dw³, `jxq mg_©K‡`i e¨eüZ nB‡j H mb` MÖnYxq nIqvi Rb¨ eû iKg
Dw³ Ges Zv‡`i wew¶ß, KvíwbK I mvRv‡bv ¯^cœB nvw`m cix¶vi m¤§yLxb nB‡Z nB‡e| Bgvg †evLvix Giƒc
mZ¨v-m‡Z¨i cÖavb I P‚ovš— cÖgvY| GQvov Avjv`v †Kvb mb` MÖnY e¨vcv‡i me©vwaK KovKwo Av‡ivc
myVvg ‰eÁvwbK c×wZ Zv‡`i Rvbv wQj bv A_ev AÁvZ Kwiqv‡Qb| j¶¨ Ki“Y, KZ`~i mZK©Zv Aej¤^b Kiv
Kvi‡Y Zv Gwo‡q †M‡Qb| wb‡æ Bgvg †evLvixi nBqv‡Q †h, ÔQwjg Kwjg nB‡Z eY©bv Kwiqv‡QÕ, Giƒc
e½vbyev‡`i nvw`m cix¶vi aviv¸wj cÖ`Ë n‡jv: ewj‡j eySv hvq †h, Qwjg mivmwi Kwj‡gi wbKU
Ò... nvw`‡mi mb` [mv¶x] MÖnYxq nIqvi Rb¨ ïwbqv‡Q| eis GiƒcI nB‡Z cv‡i †h Ab¨ †Kvb e¨w³i
†gvnv‡Ïm I nvw`m wekvi`MY AwZ KovKwo kZ© kviv‡qZ gva¨‡g ïwbqv‡Q| A_P H e¨w³i bvg GLv‡b D‡j−L
Av‡ivc Kwiqv †h mg¯— wbqg-Kvbyb cÖeZ©b Kwiqv‡Qb, bvB| Bnv‡Z 1bs aviv jw•NZ nIqvi AvksKv Av‡Q|
Ab¨Î G‡Kev‡iB weij| GgbwK we‡k¦ Dnvi bwRi †Kn Giƒc mvgvb¨ m‡›`‡ni AeKvkI †hb bv _vK‡Z cv‡i;
†Kv_vI †`LvB‡Z cvwi‡e bv| H mg¯— KovKwo `„‡ó Z¾b¨ GB Dcaviv ivLv nBqv‡Q| GgbwK hw` †Kvb
wek¦evmx‡K Giƒc P¨v‡jÄ cÖ`vb Kiv hvB‡Z cv‡i †h, ivexi welq Giƒc cÖgvwYZ nq †h, †m Giƒc A¯úó
27

fvlvi Avov‡j cÖK…Z cÖ¯—v‡eB 1bs kZ© j•Nb Kwiqv e¨w³MY I e„×ve¯’vq DcbxZ nBevi ci Zvnv‡`i H
nvw`m eY©bv Kwiqv‡Q| Z‡e nvw`‡mi cwifvlvq Ae¯’vq ewY©Z nvw`m c~Y© wbf©i‡hvM¨ ewjqv cwiMYxZ
Zvnv‡K †gv`v‡j−m ejv nB‡e| Giƒc e¨w³ me©¯’v‡b nq bvB| Zvnv Qvov hvnv‡`i mvaviY K_vevZ©vq †ewk
m‡›`nRbK ewjqv cwiMwYZ nB‡e| fyj †`Lv wMqv‡Q Zvnv‡`i nvw`mI MÖnYxq nq bvB|
L. cÖ‡Z¨K mv¶x I c~e©eZ©x Dc‡ii mv¶x Df‡qi wek¦evmx‡K Giƒc P¨v‡jÄ cÖ`vb Kiv hvB‡Z cv‡i †h,
RxebKvj I evm¯’vb Giƒc ch©vq nB‡Z nB‡e †hb nvw`‡mi cÖvgvwYKZvi g‡a¨ we›`ygvÎ m‡›`‡ni AeKvk
Df‡qi g‡a¨ †`Lv mv¶vZ I K_vevZv© Am¤¢e bv nq| bvB|Ó [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwRRyj nK, gyLeÜ Aa¨vq]
2. mv¶¨`vZvi cÖ‡Z¨K e¨w³ nvw`m wekvi`M‡Yi wbKU
bvg wVKvbv, ¸Yvejx, ¯^fve PwiÎ Ges †Kvb& †Kvb& I¯— msw¶ß ch©v‡jvPbv
v‡`i wbKU nvw`m wk¶v Kwiqv‡Qb BZ¨vw` me© welq Dwj−wLZ aviv¸wji Dci bRi w`‡j †Kvb mvaviY wkw¶Z
cwiwPZ nB‡Z nB‡e| mv¶vZ `vZv‡`i GKRbI †jvKI gyL wdwi‡q wb‡e| Avgvi gZ MÛgyL© Qvov Gi
AcwiwPZ nB‡j H nvw`m MÖnYxq b‡n| mgv‡jvPbv K‡i †KDB mgq bó Ki‡eb bv|
3. AvMv †Mvov cÖwZwU mv¶xB Ávbx, LuvwU mZ¨ev`x, mr 1. c~‡e© K‡qKevi ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, nvw`m cÖwZ 7 †_‡K
PwiÎ, †gvËvKxg ci‡nRMvi kvwjbZv I f`ªZv m¤úbœ 100 Rb ch©š— eY©bvKvix ev ivex Av‡Qb| G‡`i
¯^fv‡ei nB‡Z nB‡e| †Kvb e¨w³ Rxe‡b gvÎ GKevi MociZv wnmv‡e nvw`m cÖwZ 50 Rb ivex nq|
nvw`m msµvš— e¨vcv‡i wg_¨v Dw³i Rb¨ aiv cwo‡j G msM„nxZ 30 j¶ nvw`‡mi ivex ev eY©bvKvixi msL¨v
e¨w³i ïay wg_¨v nvw`mB b‡n, eis Zvnvi mviv Rxe‡bi `uvovq 15 †KvwU; †evLvixi 6 j¶ nvw`‡mi ivexi
mg¯— nvw`mB AMÖvn¨ nB‡e| ZIev Kwi‡jI Zvnvi msL¨v `uvovq 3 †KvwU| G‡`i bvg, wVKvbv, esk
ewY©Z nvw`m MÖnY‡hvM¨ nB‡e bv| Dnv Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb cwiPq, ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡bi K_v I Kv‡Ri mZ¨-wg_¨v,
welq I wg_¨vev`x ewjqv cwiwPZ nB‡j ev kwiqZ Ávb eyw×, ¯§iYkw³; Rxe‡b GKwU gvÎ wg_¨v e‡jb wb
we‡ivax AvwK`v ev Kvh©Kjv‡c wjß cÖgvwYZ nB‡j ev ev e‡j‡Qb BZ¨vw` LywUbvwU weeiYmn 3/15 †KvwU
Amr cÖK…wZi j¤úU I bxP ¯^fv‡ei †jvK nB‡j Zvnvi ivexi Rxe‡bwZnvmmn 6/30 j¶ nvw`m †kvbvgvÎ
ewY©Z nvw`m MÖnYxq nB‡e bv| †gŠwLKfv‡e msMÖn K‡i Bgvg †evLvix GKUvi ci
4. cÖ‡Z¨K mv¶x Zvi ¯§iY kw³ m¤^‡Ü AwZkq cvKv†cv³ GKUv gš’b K‡i wbR Ávb eyw× I wePvi †gvZv‡eK cÖvq
my`¶ I my`„p msi¶K ewjqv cwiwPZ nB‡Z nB‡e| †mvqv 7 nvRvi nvw`m mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| hvi
Ges BnvI cÖgvwYZ nIqv Avek¨K †h, cÖwZwU mv¶x Mo ciZv ivexi msL¨v `uvovq 3 j¶ 63 nvRvi 7 kZ
Zvnvi c‚e©eZx© mv¶¨`vZv A_©vr I¯—v‡`i wbKU nB‡Z 50 Rb| c¶vš—‡i, Bgvg †evLvix gvÎ 18k Rb ivexi
nvw`mLvbv c~Y© g‡bv‡hv‡Mi mwnZ kªeY KiZ: mwe‡kl Pwi‡Îi mZ¨Zvi `wjj iPbv K‡i‡Qb| evwK j¶ j¶
g‡bv‡hv‡Mi mwnZ g~L¯— Kwiqv ev wjwce× Kwiqv ivexi Pwi‡Îi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i †Kvb `wjj †bB|
ivwLqv‡Qb| GB we‡kl cÖgvY Giƒc nB‡e †h, D³ mv¶x 2. GKRb gvÎ gvby‡li mviv Rxe‡b GKwU gvÎ wg_¨v ev
†h †h nvw`m AvRxeb kZ kZevi eY©bv Kvwiqv f‚j e‡jbwb ev e‡j‡Qb; Ggb mv¶x ¯^vgx-¯¿x,mš—vb-
Avwm‡Z‡Qb| †Kvb mgqB Zvi eY©bvi g‡a¨ Giƒc mš—wZ, gvZv-wcZv Kv‡iv c‡¶B †Kn w`‡Z cv‡ib bv|
Miwgj †`Lv hvB‡e, ZLb nB‡Z Avi Hiƒc mv¶xi GgbwK wb‡Ri e¨vcv‡iI Zv m¤¢e bq eis Ggb gvQyg
eY©bvi †Kvb nvw`m mwVK cÖgvwYZ ewjqv MY¨ nB‡e bv| †jvK _vKvB Aev¯—e; GgbwK nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K
GB aviv Abymv‡iB eû MY¨gvb¨ nvw`m eY©bvKvix bexMYI f~‡ji D‡×© wQ‡jb bv e‡j kwiqZ ¯^qs
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wb‡RB mv¶x w`‡”Q| †hvn‡ii bvgvR cuvP ivKvZ c‡o †dj‡jb| Zvi wbKU
3. ivex‡`i g‡a¨ 2/4 Rb ivexi bvg wVKvbv we¯§„Z n‡j AviR Kiv n‡jv: Ôbvgv‡Ri ivKvZ wK †e‡o wM‡q‡Q?Õ
ev AwaK hy³ Ki‡j Zv mbv³ Kivi myÎ KviI Rvbvi wZwb ej‡jb, ÒBnvi A_© wK?Ó ZLb AviR Kiv n‡jv
K_v bq| whwb gvÎ kÖ“wZ my‡Î nvw`m I ivexi bvg †h, ÔAvcwb bvgv‡R cuvP ivKvZ c‡o‡Qb|Õ GZ`kªe‡Y
wVKvbv I Rxe‡bwZnvm msMÖn K‡i‡Qb, wZwb `ÕyPviwU nhiZ [mv] Qvjvg wdivevi ci 2wU †mR`v Ki‡jb|
ev` w`‡j ev mshy³ Ki‡j Kvi wK Kivi Av‡Q! Zvici Avevi Qvjvg Ki‡jb| bvgvRv‡š— ej‡jb,
4. ¯^qs Bgvg †evLvixMY wb‡Riv wg_¨v e‡jbwb, fzj ÒbvgvR m¤ú‡K© bZzb wKQy n‡j wbðqB †Zvgvw`M‡K
K‡ib wb, Ggb †Kvb `wjj cÖgvY ‡bB! Ôwg_¨v ewjwbÕ e‡j w`Zvg| wKš‘ Avwg gvbyl AvgviI fzj nq| †hiƒc
evK¨wU nvRvi evi wj‡L KQg K‡i ej‡jI ee©i g~L© †Zvgv‡`i fzj n‡q _v‡K| AZGe, †Kvb mgq Avwg
Qvov Ab¨ †Kn cix¶v-wbix¶v Qvov wek¦vm Ki‡Z fz‡j †M‡j Avgv‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q w`I| Avi †Zvgv‡`i
cv‡i bv! Aš—Z Zv‡`i †jLv¸wj mZ¨ wK wg_¨v Zv g‡a¨ †Kn bvgv‡Ri ivKvZ m¤^‡Ü m‡›`‡n cwZZ n‡j
Zv‡`i iPbv¸wjB cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ h‡_ó| gnvbexi iIRv Zvi KZ©e¨ n‡e wPš—v K‡i mwVK ivKvZ wba©viY Kiv,
†gvevi‡Ki cv‡k e‡m wjL‡jB †h Zv mZ¨ n‡e Ggb †m Dnvi wfwˇZB bvgvR c~Y© Ki‡e| AZtci Qvjvg
wek¦vm ÔKÕ A¶i ÁvbïY¨ †jv‡KivB Ki‡Z cv‡i| K‡i 2wU †mR`v Ki‡e|Ó [ †evLvix, 1g LÛ,AvwR.
5. Bgvg †evLvixMY 3k eQi c‡i `jxq I ¯^‡NvwlZ nK; c„: 315]
ivQy‡ji †m‡µUvix (bv‡q‡e ivQyj) wQ‡jb| Qvnvev‡`i 6. Dwj−wLZ 3bs avivwU ‡h Aev¯—e I weÁvcY meŸ©¯^ Zv
Zzjbvq Zviv AwaK avwg©K ev Ávbx Aek¨B wQ‡jb bv| ÔAvey †nvivqivi msw¶ß RxebxÕ Aa¨vq 1bs nvw`mwU
Z`ycwi kwiq‡Zi wek¦v‡m gnvbex wb‡RB hLb fzj Rjš— cÖgvb; †mLv‡b GgbwK kqZv‡bi bv‡g nvw`mwU
K‡i‡Qb! ZLb Bgvg †evLvix‡`i gZ `jxq †bZv‡`i Avey †nvivqivi eiv‡Z ivQy‡ji bv‡g mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY
†Kvb cÖkœB _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| †ek wKQy cÖgv‡Yi g‡a¨ Kiv n‡q‡Q|
gvÎ 2wU cÖgvY †`Iqv †Mj: 7. Dwj−wLZ 1bs Gi ÔKÕ avivq ewY©Z wkïmyjf hyw³wUi
K. Avey †nvivqiv eY©bv K‡i‡Qb: GK`v bvgv‡Ri GKvgZ wei“‡× Ômivmwi †Kvivb wei“× nvw`mÕ Aa¨vq 5bs Gi
ejv n‡jv, mK‡j `uvwo‡q KvZvi †mvRv Ki‡jv| ÔKÕ avivq j¶Yxq †h ¯^qs ivQyjB ÔQwjg-KwjgÕ Gi
nhiZ ivQyjvj−vn mv‡j−j−vû AvjvB‡n AQvj−vg bvgvR †P‡qI bvg wVKvbv wenxY A¯úó evK¨ ÔAgyK AgyK
coevi Rb¨ Avm‡jb| wZwb hLb †gvQvj−vq †gvmjgvb SMov Kivq jvBjvZzj K`‡ii wbw`©ó
[Rvqbvgv‡R] `uvov‡jb [bvgvR Avi¤¢ nIqvi c~e©¶‡Y] ZvwiL fywj‡q †`qv n‡q‡QÕ e‡j kwiqZ ¯^ we‡ivax
nVvr Zvnvi g‡b co‡jv wZwb diR †Mvmj [m½‡gvËi] mvw¶ w`‡”Q|
K‡ib wb| wZwb mKj‡K A‡c¶v Ki‡Z ej‡jb Ges *
Zr¶Yvr †Mvmj K‡i Avm‡jb| Zvui gv_vi cvwb
ZLbI †dvUvq †duvUvq cowQj| GgZve¯’vqB wZwb 11 †evLvixi [i] nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x
bvgvR Avi¤¢ Ki‡jb| Ges Avgiv mK‡jB Zvi mwnZ
bvgvR cojvg| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwRRyj.nK 1g wbR¯^ Dw³:
LÛ; c„: 145] [bvcvK RvqbvgvRwU cvK cweÎ Kiv 1. Bgvg †evLvix e‡jb, ÒAvwg †jLv-cov Avi¤¢ Kivi
n‡qwQj wKbv!] c‡i 10 ermi eq‡m Avgvi Aš—‡i Avj−vni Zid
L. Avãyj−vn Be‡b gvQy` [iv] eY©bv K‡ib: GK`v ivQyj [mv] †_‡K Gj&nvg nq †h, Avwg †hb nvw`m KÚ¯’ Kivq
29

Zrci nB|Ó ¯’v‡b A‡c¶gvb Ae¯’vq `uvwo‡q Av‡Qb| Avwg


2. 18 ermi eq‡m wewea MÖš’ msKj‡b e¨c„Z nB Ges ivQyjvj−vn‡K Qvjvg w`‡q wRÁvmv Kijvg, ÒBqv
gw`bvq ivQyjvj−vni iIRvcv‡Ki wbKUeZ©x ¯’v‡b e‡m ivQyjvj−vn! Avcwb Kvnvi A‡c¶vq GLv‡b `uvwo‡q
nvw`‡mi mv¶¨`vZv ev ivexM‡Yi Rxe‡bwZnvm iPbvq Av‡Qb?Ó ivQyjvj−vn ej‡jb, Ògynv¤§` Be‡b
GKLvbv wKZve iPbv Kwi| BmgvB‡ji [Bgvg †evLvixi] A‡c¶vq AvwQ|Ó ¯^cœ
3. †hŠe‡bi cÖvi‡¤¢ ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg- Avwg GKwU cvLv nv‡Z eY©bvKvix ej‡jb, ÔwKQyw`b c‡i hLb Avwg Bgvg
wb‡q ivQy‡ji [mv] wbKU `uvwo‡q AvwQ Ges H cvLv Øviv †evLvixi g„Zz¨ msev` ïb‡Z †cjvg, ZLb wnmve K‡i
ivQyjvj−vn n‡Z gkv gvwQ BZ¨vw` nwU‡q ivLwQ| fv‡jv †`Ljvg, Avwg †h ¯^cœ †`‡LwQjvg wVK †mB mgqB
GKRb ZvÕexi eY©bvKvixi wbKU GB ¯^cœ e¨³ Ki‡j Bgvg †evLvixi g„Zz¨ n‡qwQj|Õ
wZwb Avgv‡K ej‡jb, ÒZzwg Ggb KvR Ki‡e hvnv Øviv 2. bgg Ge‡b †dvRvBj bvgK wewkó †gvnv‡Ïm eY©bv
ivQy‡ji [mv] cÖwZ †gŠRy, Rvj ev wg_¨v nvw`‡mi m¤^Ü K‡i‡Qb,ÔAvwg ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg nhiZ ivQyjvj−vn [mv]
g~j DrcvwUZ nB‡e| Bnv ï‡b Avgvi g‡b †cÖiYv iIRv kwid †_‡K †ei n‡q Avm‡jb| Ges †evLvix
RvM‡jv †h, Avwg Ggb GKLvbv †KZve wjLe, hvnvi Zvui wcQb wcQb nuvU‡Qb| ivQyj [mv] †h †h ¯’v‡b cv
g‡a¨ m‡›`n gy³ Qwnn& nvw`m _vK‡e|Ó †i‡L nvU‡Qb, Bgvg †evLvix Zuvi wcQ‡b wVK wVK †mB
4. Avwg GB †KZv‡ei g‡a¨ cÖwZwU nvw`m GZ`~i mZK©Zvi ¯’v‡b cv †i‡L nuvU‡Qb|Õ †evLvix wbevmx Avey nv‡Zg
mwnZ MÖnY K‡iwQ †h, Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ ¯^xq ¶gZv, Ávb, bvgK wewkó e¨w³I AweKj ¯^‡cœ †`‡L‡Qb e‡j eY©bv
Gjg I AwfÁZv Øviv cÖwZwU nvw`m‡K m~² iƒ‡c †e‡Q w`‡q‡Qb|
I ciL K‡i jIqvi c‡iI cÖ‡Z¨KwU nvw`m wjLevi 3. wewkó e¨w³ e‡jb, ÔAvwg ivQyjvj−vn‡K [mv] ¯^‡cœ
c~‡e© †Mvmj KiZ 2 ivKvZ bvgvR c‡o Avj−vni wbKU †`Ljvg, wZwb wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, ÔZzwg †Kv_vq hv”Q?Õ
G‡¯—Lviv Kivi ci hLb Avgvi g‡b `„p wek¦vm Avwg AviR Kijvg, Ôgynv¤§` Beb BmgvB‡ji wbKU
Rwb¥‡q‡Q †h, GB nvw`mwU m‡›`n †jknxb I Qwnn&; hvw”Q|Õ nhiZ [mv] ej‡jb, ÒZuv‡K Avgvi Qvjvg
ZLbB Avwg Dnv‡K Avgvi GB †KZv‡ei Aš—f©~³ w`I|Ó
K‡iwQ, Bnvi c~‡e© b‡n| GB wKZv‡ei cwi‡”Q`mg~n 4. Avey hv‡q` gviIqvRx bvgK cÖwm× GKRb †gvnv‡Ïm
cweÎ gw`bvq ivQy‡ji [mv] iIRvcv‡Ki wbKUeZ©x e‡m eY©bv K‡ib, ÒGK`v Avwg cweÎ Kvev N‡ii msjMœ
mvwR‡qwQ Ges cÖwZwU cwi‡”Q` wjL‡ZI 2 ivKvZ ¯’v‡b ï‡qwQjvg| Z`ve¯’vq ¯^‡cœ †`Ljvg, ivQyjvj−vn
bvgvR c‡owQ| GBiƒ‡c Avwg ¯^xq KÚ¯’ 6 j¶ nvw`m Avgv‡K ej‡Qb, Ô†n Avey hv‡q`! Zzwg Avi KZKvj
[ZvR¨e e¨vcvi e‡U!] †_‡K †e‡Q 16 erm‡i AK¬vš— Bgvg kv‡dBi †KZve co‡Z _vK‡e! Avgvi †KZve
cwikª‡g GB †KZveLvbv msKjb K‡iwQ| GB Avkvq cobv †Kb?Õ Avwg AviR Kijvg, ûRyi Avcbvi
AbycÖvYxZ n‡q †h, Avwg †hb GB †KZveLvbv‡K wb‡q †KZve †KvbwU? nhiZ DËi digvB‡jb, Ôgynv¤§`
Avj−vni `iev‡i nvwRi n‡Z cvwi| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g Be‡b BmgvBj †h wKZveLvbv msKjb K‡i‡Qb, DnvB
LÊ AvwR. nK ÔgyLeÜÕ] Avgvi wKZve|Ó
mg_©K‡`i ¯^cœ I Dw³ 5. Mv‡je Ge‡b wReªvBj bvgK LiZ½ MÖvgevmx e‡jb,
1. Avãyj Iqv‡n` Ge‡b Av`g bvgK GK wewkó e¨w³ ÒBgvg †evLvix GKw`b Avgvi AvwZ‡_qZv MÖnY K‡ib|
eY©bv K‡ib: GK iv‡Z Avwg ivQyj‡K [mv] ¯^‡cœ Bgvg †evLvix‡K Ke‡ii g‡a¨ ivLvgvÎB Ke‡ii
†`Ljvg| wZwb ¯^xq QvnvexM‡Yi GK RvgvZmn GK PZzicv‡k©¦ †gm&‡Ki b¨vq my-NªvY I myevm Qov‡Z
30

jvM‡jv Ges H myevm eûw`b ch©š— ¯’vqx wQj| †`k- 5. cÖL¨vZ gynvwÏm KvRx Avqve e‡jb †h, ÒAvgiv
we‡`‡ki †jvK †Rqvi‡Zi Rb¨ G‡m Z_vKvi gvwU K‡qKRb nvw`‡mi I¯—v`, hvnviv cÖL¨vZ gynvwÏm
wb‡Z Avi¤¢ Ki‡jv; Ggb wK Avgiv Ae‡k‡l H wQ‡jb, Zvnviv Qwnn& †evLvix A‡c¶v Qwnn& gymwjg
Kei‡K gReyZ †eóbx Øviv i¶v Ki‡Z eva¨ njvg|Ó kixd‡KB AMÖvwaKvi cÖ`vb K‡ib|Ó
[`ª: †evLvix,1g LÊ AvwR. nK; ÔgyLeÜÕ] 6. nv‡dR Ge‡b gvb`vn e‡jb, ÒAvwg weL¨vZ gynvwÏm
* nvwdR Avey Avjx wbkvcyix‡K [hvi gZ eo nvwdR Avwg
Avi GKRbI †`wL bvB] GB K_v ej‡Z ï‡bwQ †h,
12 †gvm‡j‡gi [i] nvw`m mZ¨Zvi mv¶x AvKv‡ki bx‡P Bgvg gymwj‡gi nvw`m MÖš’ A‡c¶v
weï×Zvi wKZve GKLvwbI †`wL bvB|Ó
wbR¯^ Dw³: 7. Aveyhyi AvivRx I Avey nvwZg Bgvg gymwj‡gi nvw`m
Bgvg †gvm‡jg wb‡Ri msKwjZ nvw`m m¤^‡Ü `vex K‡ib kv‡mª Ávb wekvj Zvi Kvi‡Y Zvnv‡K nvw`‡mi Ges
†h, Òc„w_exi gynv‡ÏmMY hw` `yBkZ ermi ch©š— nvw`m Avn&‡j nvw`‡mi Bgvg g‡b K‡ib|
wjwce× Ki‡Z _v‡Kb, Z_vwc Zvnvw`M‡K Aek¨B GB 8. Bgvg nvigvBb e‡jb, Òhw` †Kvb e¨w³ ¯¿x Zvjv‡Ki
m¤ú`hy³ weï× †KZv‡ei Dci wbf©i Ki‡Z n‡e| Avi GB e¨vcv‡i KQg K‡i †h, Bgvg †evLvix Ges Bgvg
†KZv‡ei DciB Zv‡`i Av¯’v I wek¦vm AwePj _vK‡e|Ó [ gymwj‡gi †mB mKj nvw`m Qwnn&, Dnv ivQy‡ji evYx-
`ª: Qwnn †gvm‡jg; Av. dvZvn 1g LÛ, c„: 85 ] Zvnvi ¯¿x ZvjvK nB‡e bv| KviY Df‡qi †KZve؇qi
nvw`mg~n Qwnn& [weï×]|Ó [`ª: †gvm‡jg, 1g LÊ gynv¤§`
mg_©K‡`i ¯^cœ I Dw³ Aveyj dvZvn f‚Tv; c„:85]
1. Bgvg Avey nv‡Zgx e‡jb, ÒB‡š—Kv‡ji ci Avwg Bgvg
gymwjg‡K ¯^‡cœ †`‡LwQ Ges Zvi Ae¯’v m¤ú‡K© ch©v‡jvPbv
wRÁvmv Kijvg| wZwb ej‡jb, Avj−vn Avgvi Rb¨ 1. gynv‡Ïm I mg_©K‡`i wbR¯^ Dw³, ¯^cœ BZ¨vw` m¤^‡Ü
†e‡n‡¯—i mKj ¯’vb hv‡qR K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| †hLv‡b we¯—vwiZ mgv‡jvPbv wb¯cÖ‡qvRb| ag©fxi“MY hw`
B”Qv †mLv‡bB †h‡Z cvwi|Ó j¾v ev weeªZ‡eva bv K‡ib Z‡e ¯^-¯^ Áv‡bi
2. Bgvg Avey Avjx RvDbx e‡jb, Ò†Kvb GK e¨w³ Bgvg gvcKvwV‡Z wePvi we‡k−lY Ki‡eb| wjwLZ `wjj
gymwjg‡K ¯^‡cœ †`‡L‡Qb †h, wZwb †e‡n‡¯— Av‡Qb| mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖgv‡Y e¨w³MZ Dw³ I ¯^‡cœi Avkªq †bqvi
wKiƒ‡c bvRvZ †c‡q‡Qb, G cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e e‡jb, A_© `wjjwUi †Kvb wfwË †bB| AZGe, Gi wg_¨v
ÔAvgvi nv‡Zi Qwnn& gymwjg kix‡di †h LÛwU i‡q‡Q weÁvcY Qvov cÖPv‡iiI †Kvb c_ †Lvjv †bB| KviY
Dnvi e‡`Šj‡ZB Avwg bvRvZ †c‡qwQ|Ó †Kvivb mZ¨vm‡Z¨i e¨vcv‡i GKwU ¯^‡cœiI `iKvi
3. nv‡dR gymwjgv web KziZix e‡jb, Ògymwjg kix‡di nqwb|
gZ Bmjv‡g Giƒc Avi GKLvwb MÖš’ †KnB iPbv Ki‡Z 2. Bgvg †evLvix e‡j‡Qb †h, Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ Ávb,
m¶g nq wb|Ó AwfÁZvi Øviv [†gŠwLK fv‡e msM„nxZ] 6 j¶ nvw`m
4. gynvwÏmMY Qwn †gvm‡j‡gi weï×Zv m¤^‡Ü mK‡jB my²iƒ‡c †e‡Q †h nvw`m¸wj mwVK ‡c‡q‡Qb, †m¸wj
GKgZ| ïay ZvB bq; cieZ©x Kv‡ji K‡qKRb hyM †jLvi Av‡M cÖ‡Z¨KwUi Rb¨ 2 ivKvZ bvgvR
†kªô gynvwχmi g‡Z Qwnn& †evLvixi Zzjbvq Qwnn AZtci G‡¯’Lvivi gva¨‡g wbwðZ n‡q AZtci
gymwjg kixd AwaK weï× I †kªô| msKjb K‡i‡Qb| cvVK‡`i ¯§iY Av‡Q †h, nhiZ
31

AveyeKi [iv] gvÎ 5 kZ nvw`m wj‡L nvRvi wPš—v KvevNi, iIRv †gveviK wRqvi‡Z GLbI gyqv‡j−g‡`i
fvebv, G‡¯—Lviv K‡iI m‡›`n gy³ n‡Z bv †c‡i hLb Nyl cÖ`vb Ki‡Z nq; UvDU, evUcvi Lybx Nyl‡Lvi
Rvnvbœv‡gi f‡q R¡vwj‡q †`b| nhiZ Igi [iv] G Z_v ivRbxwZwe`, ag© e¨emvqxMYI hLb nvRx nIqvi
e¨vcv‡i mfv mwgwZ K‡i AZtci GK gvm hver G‡¯— my‡hvM cvq! 14k ermi hver ivwóªq ¶gZv I
Lviv K‡i GKB Kvi‡Y Ges gymwjg we‡k¦i e„nËi ¯^v‡_© †KvlvMvi ivRv-ev`kvMY GLbI A‰eafv‡e `Lj
msKj‡bi cwiKíbv Kmg †L‡q cwiZ¨vM K‡ib| K‡i Av‡Qb! ZLb cweÎ iIRv †gvevi‡Ki †`vnvB
c¶vš—‡i, wZbkZ ermi c‡i BgvgMY H GKB w`‡q wKQy cÖPvi-cÖwZôv Kivi wcQ‡b †Kvb mr D‡Ïk¨
Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji †cÖ‡g AbycÖvwYZ n‡q, Bmjv‡gi Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
e„nËi ¯^v‡_© [?] nvRvi nvRvi nvw`m iPbv K‡i mZ¨, 7. GZ`m‡Z¡I †gvnv‡ÏmMY G‡K hv mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY
gnvmZ¨ e‡j `vex Kivi wcQ‡b Zv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ K‡i‡Qb, A‡b¨ Zv wg_¨v e‡j eR©b K‡i‡Qb; GKB
gymwjg mgv‡Ri Rb¨ eoB D‡ØMRbK e‡U! nvw`‡m ci¯úi we‡ivax nvw`mI we`¨gvb| ZvQvov
3. c~‡e©I ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, nvw`m msKjK, Bgvg ev¯—e we‡ivax, cÖK…wZ we‡ivax, GgbwK †Kviv‡bi
†gvnv‡ÏmMY G‡K A‡b¨i ¸i“ wkl¨ wQ‡jb| A_P ¸i“i wecixZ AmsL¨ nvw`m we`¨gvb| ¯’vb we‡k‡l `yÕPvi
msM„nxZ nvw`m cÖZ¨vLvb K‡i, eis cÖ‡Z¨‡KB Lvbvi bgybvI †`qv n‡e|
¯^Zš¿fv‡e cybt cybt nvw`m msMÖn, msKjb I ¯^-¯^ 8. Aaybv wejyß BmjvwgK †W‡gvµvwUK jx‡Mi cÖwZôvZv
KweivRx cÖPviYv! nvw`m gv‡K©‡U ¸i“-wkl¨‡`i GB †cÖwm‡W›U giûg Avãyi iwng msKwjZ Ônvw`m
Zxeª cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi KviY GKgvÎ ag© e¨emv Qvov msKj‡bi BwZnvmÕ MÖ‡š’ †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨
wØZxq †Kvb D‡Ïk¨ _vKvi K_v bq| Ki‡Z wM‡q wj‡L‡Qb, Ònvw`m bvgv‡R †ZjvIqvr
4. Bgvg †evLvix †h 430 Rb ivexi gvidZ nvw`m cÖvß Kiv nq bv; nv‡qR, †bdvm I Rybyex Ae¯’vqI aiv,
n‡q Dnv mZ¨ e‡j wbR MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb w`‡q‡Qb; Bgvg †Qvqv I cov hv‡qR, IRy †Mvm‡ji `iKvi nq bv|
†gvm‡jg Zvi cÖ‡Z¨KwU wg_¨v e‡j eR©b K‡i‡Qb| nvw`m A¯^xKvi Ki‡j Kv‡di nq bv BZ¨vw`|Ó myZivs
Abyiƒc Bgvg †gvm‡jg †h 620 Rb ivexi gvidr mZ¨ Ggb nvw`m‡K Dcb¨v‡mi m‡½B Zzjbv Kiv P‡j!
nvw`m MÖnY K‡i‡Qb; Bgvg †evLvix Zv wg_¨v e‡j Zvi Bnv‡Z a‡g©i †Kvb ¸i“Z¡ †bB [†`Lyb: H; †Kvivb
Qwnn& MÖ‡š’ ¯’vb †`b wb! Zv¾e e¨vcvi e‡U! nvw`m cv_©K¨ Aa¨vq]| Avi H GKB MÖ‡š’i Ab¨Î
5. cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi g‡Z gvby‡li g„Zz¨i ci cvc-cy‡Y¨i wj‡L‡Qb wVK Zvi wecixZ|
†kªYx g‡Z Bj−xb I wQw¾b bvgK ¯’v‡b ivLv nq! 9. nvw`m‡eËvMY ARvbv A‡Pbv j¶ j¶ †gŠwLK I
AZtci †KqvgZ †k‡l nvm‡ii gv‡V wePvi we‡ePbvq KvíwbK mv¶xi Dci nvw`‡mi mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖgv‡Y
†e‡n¯— †`vh‡L cvVv‡bv n‡e| D³ wek¦vm g‡Z gnvbex m‡Pó n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Kw®§bKv‡jI †Kviv‡bi
GLb ch©š— †e‡n‡¯— XyK‡Z cv‡ib wb e‡j kwiq‡Zi Av‡jv‡K GKwU nvw`‡miI mZ¨ wg_¨v cÖgvY Kivi
`„p wek¦vm| c¶vš—‡i G¸wj m¤úbœ nIqvi c~‡e©B †Póv K‡ibwb eis AÁvZ Kvi‡Y Zv Gwo‡q †M‡Qb|
BgvgØq wK K‡i †e‡n‡¯— Xz‡K co‡jb! Zv mvaviY nv‡ji kvqLyj nvw`mMYI †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K
wkw¶Z GgbwK Kv‡di‡`i‡KI fvwe‡q Zzj‡e! nvw`‡mi mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖgv‡Y GLbI ivRx n‡”Qb bv|
6. gnvbexi RxweZve¯’vq Ges mvg‡bB hLb Pzwi, A_P †Kvivb mv¶x †`q †h, ivQyj †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i
WvKvwZ, wg_¨v, †PvMj‡Lvix, †gvbv‡dKx Z_v wZj cwigvY K_v I KvR K‡ib wb; Ki‡j Zvi Nuv‡oi
Qvnvev‡`i g‡a¨ SMov-dvQv` msMwVZ n‡q‡Q; wkiv †K‡U †`qv n‡Zv| [†`Lyb: Qyiv 69: nvK¡v- 44-
32

47] †e‡n‡¯— Xy‡K †M‡Qb! welqwU †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ e„×v½ywj


10. Dwj−wLZ nvw`m cix¶vi aviv¸wj †jLvi Av‡M MÖvg- cÖ`k©b e‡jB cÖZxqgvb nq! Ggb cvëv a„óZv
M‡Äi †gv³vi-gyûix A_ev mvwjk gvZzeŸi‡`i †gvm‡jg mv‡n‡ei f³MYI †`wL‡q‡Qb †h gvÎ GK
civgk© wb‡jI m¤§vwbZ, Av‡jg, Avj−vgv, kv‡qL‡`i LÛ †gvm‡jg nvw`m wb‡qB †gvm‡jg mv‡ne †e‡n‡¯—
wKQyUv n‡jI B¾Z i¶v n‡Zv| ag© Z_v gnv bex‡K Xz‡K c‡o‡Qb| A_P gnvbex‡K †e‡n‡¯— XzKvevi Rb¨
wb‡qI weZ‡K©i m„wó n‡Zv bv|
11. cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nvw`m eY©bvKvixMY Rxe‡b wg_¨v wek¦ †gvm‡jg Avj−vni Kv‡Q 14kZ ermi hver
e‡jbwb, K‡ib wb, Ggb mv¶x-mvey` cÖgvwYZ n‡j mycvwik K‡iB Pj‡Qb| †hgb: Ò‡n Avj−vn! Zzwg
[Aev¯—e] Zv‡`i nvw`m MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ †mB nhiZ gynv¤§`‡K m‡e©vP¨ †e‡n‡¯— `vwLj Ki! Zzwg †Zv
ivex‡`i c‡¶ mZ¨Zvi mv¶x cÖgvb †bB| AZtci H Iqv`v f½ Ki bv!Ó [`ª: AvRv‡bi I bvgv‡Ri wewfbœ
mv¶x‡`i mZ¨Zvi mv¶x; AZtci ci¤úivq Bnv‡`i, †`vqv]
Dnv‡`i, Zvnv‡`i Ges Zvnv‡`i Ges Dnv‡`i mv¶x! 16. Ômg_©K‡`i ¯^cœ I Dw³Õi 8 bs avivwU †`Lyb; nvw`m
A_©vr H KvíwbK mv¶xi wQjwQjv Pj‡Z Pj‡Z cix¶v ev mZ¨vm‡Z¨i mv‡_ ¯¿x Zvjv‡Ki wK m¤úK©
eZ©gvb cvVK ch©š— G‡m †cuŠ‡Q| welqUv Kíbv Av‡Q! GKvš— MÖvg¨ g~L© †jvK Qvov Ggb gš—e¨ Avi †KB
Ki‡j cvV‡Ki gv_v weMovevi K_v e‡U! g~jZ 6/30 ev Ki‡Z cv‡i!
j¶ nvw`m; †KvwU †KvwU ivex‡`i bvg-wVKvbv, esk
cwiPq, Rxe‡bwZnvm; Zv‡`i K‡g©i mZ¨-wg_¨vi 17. †gvU K_v nvRvi eQi c~‡e©iB †nvK, nvRvi nvRvi
mv¶x BZ¨vw`-BZ¨vw`; meB KvíwbKfv‡e msMÖn Ges mv¶x _vKzK ev bv _vKzK,Avi welqwU †h-B ejyK ev
KvíwbKfv‡eB QvUvB evQvB Ges GKB e¨w³ I GKB †h †Kvb MÖ‡š’B †jLv _vKzK Zv‡Z wKQy hvq-Av‡m
†Uwe‡j e‡mB iwPZ; hv bvUK, M‡íi mv‡_B Zzjbv bv| welqwU hyw³hy³ wK bv!, mvwe©K gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi
Kiv hvq! ag© Z_v Avj−vn-ivQyj‡K wb‡q Ggb wbwg‡Z¡ cwi¶xZ I cÖgvwYZ wK bv! m‡e©vcwi Dnv
Jcb¨vwmK wePvi we‡k−lY eoB nZvkvRbK e‡U! †Kvivb mg_©b K‡i wK bv! DnvB P‚ovš— wePvh© welq|
12. cybt ¯§iYxq †h, †Qnv‡QËvi me©‡kªô BgvgØq: Bgvg Ggb wbwðr cix¶v I wePvi we‡ePbvi Rb¨B gvby‡li
†evLvix I Bgvg †gvm‡jg‡K, Zv‡`i ¸i“-cxi Bgvg KY©, P¶z I ü`q †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges Bnvi ‰Kwdqr w`‡Z
hvn&jx KZ©„K Zv‡`i Bmjvg we‡ivax gZev‡`i Kvi‡Y gvbyl eva¨, KviY:
ÒAevwÂZ †gvm‡jgÓ †NvlYv K‡i ¯‹zj K¶ †_‡K
weZvwoZ K‡i‡Qb, Zvi KviY kwiqZ g‡bi fz‡jI A jv ZvKdz-- gvQDjvb| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-36]
cÖKvk K‡ib wb, RbmvaviY‡KI Rvb‡Z †`b wb| A_©: †h welq †Zvgvi †Kvb Ávb †bB Dnvi
13. Bgvg †evLvixMY Rxe‡b KLbI wg_¨v e‡jb wb, K‡ib AbymiY KwiI bv; KY©, P¶z I ü`q, Dnv‡`i
wb! Dnv Kmg w`‡q cÖgvY Kivi cwi‡ek Avi †bB! cÖ‡Z¨KwU m¤ú‡K© ‰Kwdqr Zje Kiv n‡e|
14. gnvbexi nvw`m, gnvbexi †KZve Avj-†Kvivb; *
gnvbexi gyL wbtm„Z evYx wb‡RB Zv wj‡L‡Qb|
†evLvix‡`i wjwLZ †KZve bq| 13 wn›`y‡`i GKwU nvw`m
15. †evLvix mv‡neMY ¯^-wjwLZ †KZve wb‡q KvíwbK
33

welqwU wjL‡Z ev ïb‡Z Lvivc jvM‡jI ¯^qs kxe VvKz‡ii


gyL wbtm„Z evYx ev Qwnn nvw`mwU Zvi f³MY [QvnvevMY] 14 nvw`m iPbvq ivQy‡ji wb‡lavÁvi we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv
wRnŸv euvKv K‡i A_©vr K‚U‡KŠk‡j cÖPvi K‡i mgMÖ wn›`y
m¤cÖ`vq‡K weåvš— K‡i‡Q weavq ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ávb K‡i ewY©Z nvw`mwU ïi“‡ZB ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a GwU cybivq
n‡jv| Ges Avgv‡`i nvw`‡mi ¯^iƒc Ges g~j¨vqb m¤ú‡K©I Ges `ªóe¨mn c~Y©fv‡e ewY©Z n‡jv:
cvVKe„›`‡K m‡PZb n‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i| welqwUi nhiZ Avey QvB` Ly`ix [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyjvj−vn [mv]
Z_¨myÎ †`qv m¤¢e nq wb KviY †Kvb GK eªvþ‡Yi gy‡L e‡j‡Qb †h, Ò†Kvivb e¨ZxZ Avgvi †Kvb K_vB wjwLI
†kvbv Ges ¸i“Z¡ w`‡qwQ GRb¨ †h-†e`-MxZvq g~wZ© cyRvi bv| Avi †Kvivb e¨ZxZ Avgvi wbKU †_‡K Ab¨ wKQy wj‡L
`wjj †bB Ges kxe wj½ cyRviI Ab¨ †Kvb BwZnvm _vK‡j, Zv †hb gy‡Q †djv nq|Ó [`ª: †gvm‡jg, 1g LÛ, gy:
cvIqv hvq wb| †Kn cweÎ ‡e`-MxZvi Av‡jv‡K ms‡kvab Av: dvZvn f‚Tv; c„: 51 ]
K‡i w`‡j evwaZ n‡ev| nvw`mwU m¤^‡Ü we‡k¦i mK‡jB GKgZ; wKš‘ kwiqZ
GK`v kxe VvKz‡ii QvnvevMY D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡q nvRv‡iv dw›`-wdwKi, KzU-‡KŠk‡j nvw`mwU evwZj e‡j
¸i“i Kv‡Q AviR Ki‡jb †h, ÔûRyi `~i `~ivš— †_‡K mve¨¯— Kivi AvcÖvY †Póv K‡i _v‡Kb| hvi `yÕwU bgybv
RbmvaviY wewfbœ D‡Ï‡k¨ Avcbvi `iev‡i G‡mI mv¶vZ wb‡æ cÖ`Ë n‡jv:
jv‡fi my‡hvM cvq bv| AZGe, Avcwb AbygwZ w`‡j 1. GB mKj nvw`m Øviv †h wb‡lavÁv iwnqv‡Q, Dnv
Avcbvi c¶ n‡q Avgiv mvavi‡Yi cyRv MÖnY Kwi Ges byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi cÖv_wgK mg‡qi mv‡_ wbw`©ó|
Zv‡`i c¶ n‡q Avgiv Avcbv‡K cyRv Kwi|Õ A_©vr KviY, †Kvivb gwR‡`i mv‡_ mswgkªY Kwiqv wjLvi
f³‡`i bRivbvw` †fv‡Mi AbygwZ MÖnY| Gfv‡e Zviv gva¨‡g fqven cwiw¯’wZi D™¢e nBevi AvksKv wQj|
cÖvqB AbygwZ cÖv_©bv Ki‡Zb| cÖwZeviB kxe VvKzi †h‡nZz cÖ_g byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi mgq gymjgvbMY
ej‡Zb, ÔGK †gev wØZxqg|Õ A_©vr ÔjvBjvnv Bj−vj−vn|Õ mvaviYfv‡e †Kviv‡bi fvlv I fveevYx Ges Dnvi
AZtci Ges GK`v wkl¨MY Abyiƒc wb‡e`b Ki‡j kxe Mvw¤¢h¨©c~Y© fveavivi mwnZ cwiwPZ nB‡Z cv‡i bvB|
VvKzi cÖPÛ †i‡M Avcb cysA½ Bw½Z K‡i ej‡jb, †Kvivb gwR` I A‡Kviv‡bi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ Kwievi gZ
Ôïbwe bv †Zviv! †b! Avgvi GUv cyRv Ki|Õ AZtci Zx¶è `„wó I we‡eK eyw× Zv‡`i g‡a¨ m„wó nq bvB|
QvnvevMY jw¾Z I AcgvwbZ n‡q evB‡i G‡m A‡c¶gvb d‡j Df‡qi g‡a¨ mswgkªY nBevi AvksKvq wb‡la
RbmvaviY‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i ej‡jb, ÔVvKzi AvR Avcbv‡`i KwiqvwQ‡jb| wnhi‡Zi ci hLb gymjgvb‡`i g‡a¨
`k©b †`‡eb bv| wZwb wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb †h, hvi hvi evox cv_©K¨ wbY©‡qi Ávb, eyw× I we‡eK m„wó n‡qwQj
wM‡q VvKz‡ii wj½ cyRv Ki‡Z|Õ wbixn mij cÖvY ZLb nvw`m †jLvi AbygwZ I wb‡`©k w`qvwQ‡jb|
RbmvaviY †mB †_‡KB bvwK kxe wj½ †gveviK cyRvi 2. wØZxq KviY nB‡Z‡Q †h, ivQy‡ji [mv] wb‡lavÁv wQj
cÖPjb NUvq; hv AvRI cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| †mB mKj QvnvevM‡Yi cÖwZ, hv‡`i ¯§iY kw³ wQj
* AZ¨š— cÖLi| hvnviv kªeY gvÎB ¯§„wZ c‡U AsKb
Kwi‡Z m¶g| wKQygvÎ fywjqv hvBevi m¤¢vebv bvB|
34

GB †kªYxi QvnvevMY‡K wb‡la KwiqvwQ‡jb| KviY, 4. †Kvivb nvw`m ci¯úi wg‡k hvIqvi †KvbB my‡hvM
Zvnviv hw` †KejgvÎ wjLbxi Dci wbf©ikxj nIqvi wQj bv| KviY Awn nIqvi m‡½ m‡½B ivQyj ¯^qs
Af¨vm Kwi‡Z Avi¤¢ K‡i, Zvnv nB‡j ¯§„wZkw³ n«vm Ges KwZcq QvnvevMY wj‡L ivLvi Rb¨ g‡bvbxZ
cvIqvi AvksKv _v‡K| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ,AvwR. wQ‡jb| Abyiƒc nvw`m †jLvi Rb¨ I B”Qv Ki‡j
nK; ÔgyLeÜ;Õ c„: 9-30] A_ev cÖ‡qvRb _vK‡j gnvbex Ab¨ GK `j‡K wbhy³
KviY `yÕwUi mgv‡jvPbv Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb| Ggb wK byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi wØZxq
1. KviY `yÕwUi ¯^c‡¶ Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji †Kvb mg_©b hy‡MI wZwb Ggb †Kvb c`‡¶c †bb wb|
†bB| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ kwiqZx Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i 5. Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, gnvKwe gvB‡Kj gay‡mva`b `Ë GKB
e¨w³MZ AwfgZ gvÎ| Dnv‡Z †jL‡Ki wk¶vMZ mgq GKB †Uwe‡j e‡m, GKB m‡½ 5 Lvwb Dcb¨vm
†hvM¨Zv I AcwicK¡ ag©Áv‡bi cwi¯‹vi GKwU Qwe 5 Rb kÖ“wZ †jLKØviv †jLvB‡Zb| wZwb GKB m‡½
enb K‡i| GKUvi ci GKUv ej‡Z _vK‡Zb Ges †jLKMY wj‡L
2. nvw`m msMÖvnKMY ivex‡`i KvQ †_‡K wbw`©ó w`b †h‡Zb| wKš‘ KLbI Kwei ejvi g‡a¨ Ges †jLK‡`i
ZvwiL D‡j−Lmn nvw`m msMÖn K‡ibwb| AZGe †jLvi g‡a¨ mswgkªY n‡Zv bv| c¶vš—‡i gnvbex gvÎ
wb‡lavÁvi nvw`m¸wj †h Ô†Kvivb byRy‡ji cÖ_g `yÕ†Uv welqI wK Z`ª“c wjLvB‡Z cvi‡Zb bv! Ggb wK
hy‡MiÕ ZvI Zv‡`i GKvš— e¨w³MZ Abygvb gvÎ| nhiZ cÖv_wgK ¯‹z‡ji QvÎMYI evsjv LvZvq BwZnvm,
AveyeKi I nhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] nvw`m †cvov‡bv I f‚‡Mv‡ji LvZvq weÁvb wj‡Lb bv|
Ab¨vb¨ NUbv¸wj byRy‡j †Kviv‡bi c‡i GgbwK 6. bRi“j, iex›`ªbv_ I jvjY MxwZ GKB KvM‡R GKB
gnvbexi [mv] Idv‡Zi c‡iB †h msNwUZ n‡qwQj Zv c„ôvq †jLv n‡jI Zv wg‡k hvIqvi †Kvb c_ †bB|
kvqL‡`i fz‡j _vKvi K_v bq! KviY, cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki †jLvi fve-f½x, Mv¤¢xh©, myi I
3. cieZ©x hy‡M ivQyj KZ„©K wb‡lavÁvi nvw`mwU iwnZ ev Zv‡ji ¯^Zš¿Zvi myKwVY cÖvPxi i‡q‡Q| GB Ava¨vwÍK
cÖZ¨vnvi Kivi A_ev Zvi Rxebx wj‡L ivLvi wb‡`©k cÖvPxi †f‡½ wgwk‡q †djvi ¶gZv we‡k¦i †Kvb
msewjZ Ggb †Kvb nvw`m †bB| ZrKv‡j wewfbœ cwÛ‡ZiB †bB|
ivRv-ev`kvi wbKU wjwLZ wPwV cÎ, wewfbœ A‡ji 7. gnvbex Ggb wK K_v ev KvR K‡i‡Qb, hv ZrKv‡j
Qvnvev‡`i wjwLZ civgk©¸wj gnv bexi Rxebx ev wj‡L ivL‡j ev †Kviv‡bi mv‡_ hr mvgvb¨ wg‡k †M‡j
nvw`m wj‡L ivLvi wb‡`©k ev AbygwZ cÖgvwYZ nq bv| Òfqven AvKvi aviY Ki‡Z cv‡i!Ó †h bexi cweÎ
KviY, ÒivQyj K‡i‡Qb, ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj †gŠb gyL †_‡K Avj−vni Awn wbm„Z n‡q‡Q, wVK †mB bexi
†_‡K‡Qb BZ¨vw`‡K nvw`m e‡jÓ G myÎwUi Rb¥ nq K_v ev K‡g© †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ fqven ev ûgwK ¯^iƒc
ivQy‡ji Idv‡Zi cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i| hw`I †K ev n‡e! Ggb wek¦vm Agymwjg cvM‡jiI Kiv DwPr bq|
Kviv D³ myÎwUi Avwe®‹viK; Zvi †Kvb wbw`©ó- welqwU Av‡iv †Lvjvmv K‡i wj‡L‡Q †gvm‡jg
Awbw`©ó cwiPq AvRI †KD Rv‡bb bv, nvw`m nvw`‡m, hv kvqL AvwRRyj nK mv‡ne bKj Ki‡Z
†dKnvqI †Kvb cÖgvY †bB| wM‡qI Zv †Mvcb †i‡L‡Qb| †mwU co‡j cÖK…Z
35

ag©fxi“M‡Yi ˆah¨©nviv nIqvi AvksKv Av‡Q, †`Lyb: eZ©vq bv Ges webv wePv‡i Zv gvbv bv gvbvi kZ©
ÒZvQvov Kzivb gwR` I nvw`m kixd mgfv‡e wjwce× ‡Kvivb wei“× I D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z|
Kivi d‡j nq‡Zv A‡b‡Ki g‡b Kzivb I nvw`‡mi 10. †Kvivb ¯^Zš¿; Kv‡iv m‡½ wg‡k hvIqvi wZj gvÎ
mg-gh©v`v ev nvw`‡mi ¸i“Z¡ Kzivb gwR‡`i PvB‡Z my‡hvM †bB
AwaK †`qv nBZ| Zv‡Z gvby‡li wn`v‡q‡Zi ¯’‡j Ges kwiq‡Zi g‡ZB Zvi msi¶K GKgvÎ Avj−vn;
†Mvgivn nBZ|Ó [†gvm‡jg, 1g LÊ Av. dvËvn fyBqv, GwU GKvwaK evi †Kviv‡b P¨v‡jÄ Kiv n‡q‡Q|
fywgKv, c„:56] AZGe kvqL, Avj−vgvMY †Kvivb gv‡bb bv e‡j †KD
cÖPwjZ kwiqZ gnvbexi ¸Y-Mvb †M‡q‡Qb hZ, Kzrmv Zv‡`i wei“‡× gvgjv Ki‡j wePviK Avmvgx‡`I
iUbv K‡i‡Qb Zvi j¶ ¸Y †ewk| Dwj−wLZ AwfgZwU Agymwjg †Nvlbv ev mmªg Kviv`Û w`‡Z eva¨| gvÎ
gnvbexi Rxebv`k© Ges hveZxq Kg©KvÛ GgbwK Zvui `yÕwUi D×…wZ †`qv n‡jv:
bex‡Z¡i Dc‡i Pig KzVvivNvZ K‡i‡Qb| Kw_Z nq nvw`m K. BbKzbZzg-- Qv‡`K¡xb [2: evKviv-23] A_©: Avwg
†Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v, ivQy‡ji cweÎ Rxebv`k©; Kw_Z nq ev›`vi Kv‡Q hv Awn K‡iwQ, Zv‡Z †Zvgv‡`i †Kvb
ivQy‡ji GKwU mybœZ AbymiY Ki‡j Zvi Rb¨ †e‡n¯— m‡›`n _vK‡j, †Zvgiv Bnvi Abyiƒc GKwU gvÎ Qyiv
Awbevh©| Zvi Av`k©, Abycg Rxeb PwiZ m¤^‡Ü ¯^qs iPbv Ki Ges †Zvgviv hw` mZ¨ev`x n‡qB _vK Z‡e
Avj−vnB †Kviv‡b wbLyuZ mv¶x †`q| †mB ivQy‡ji nvw`m Avj−vn Qvov †Zvgv‡`i mKj Ávbx Avj−vgv‡`i mvnvh¨
mivmwi ev †ewk †ewk AbymiY Ki‡j Ôgvbyl †n`v‡q‡Zi bvI|
cwie‡Z© †Mvgivn& n‡e!Õ G‡Z wK cÖgvY nq bv †h ivQy‡ji L. Bbœv AvjvBbv Rvgvû A-KziAvbvn [75: †Kqvgvt-
hveZxq KvR-Kg© †Kviv‡bi wecixZ wQj Ges wZwb wb‡RB 17]| A_©: Bnvi msi¶Y I cvV KivBevi `vwqZ¡
†Mvgivn& wQ‡jb! (gvd)| †h nvw`m †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ †Mvgivn& AvgviB|
I ûgwK ¯^iƒc e‡j ¯^qs kwiqZ †NvlYv K‡i †mB nvw`m GLv‡b ¯úó †h, †Kvivb msi¶Y Kivi `vwqZ¡ Avj−vni|
gnvbexi nvw`m, †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v e‡j wek¦vm Ki‡j Zvi wKš‘ kwiq‡Zi †k‡iKx wek¦vm †h †Kvivb msi¶‡Yi `vwqZ¡
†gvmjgvwbZ¡ eRvq _v‡K wK bv! Zv †f‡e †`Lvi mgq nv‡dR-K¡vix I msKjK‡`i! G‡`i mvnvh¨ mn‡hvMxZv
Avmbœ| m‡e©vcwi, cÖPwjZ kwiqZ nvw`m‡K †Kviv‡bi D‡a© wb‡qB Avj−vn ‡Kvivb msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb! wKš‘:
¯’vb w`‡q‡Q e‡jB †Kviv‡bi evYx cÖPvi Ki‡Z †M‡j H 1. nv‡dR-msKjKMYI giYkxj, ZvQvov we‡k¦i mKj
nvw`m w`‡qB Zvi wei“‡× Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o †Zv‡j| nv‡d‡Ri Ghver cysLvbycysLfv‡e †Kvivb gyL¯— Av‡Q wK
8. Qvnvev‡`i ¯§„wZkw³ n«vm-e„w×i Rb¨ bex‡`i AvMgb bv! Zv cix¶v wb‡jB Zvi mZ¨Zv cÖgvwYZ n‡e| wKš‘
nq bv| GUv Zv‡`i `vqx‡Z¡i Aš—f©~³ bq| ejvevûj¨ Ggb cix¶vi m¤§yLxb Zviv KLbI nb wb Ges nIqvi
†Kvivb †jLvi †¶‡Î Qvnvev‡`i ¯§„wZkw³i g~j¨vqb mvnmI †bB| Ggb D‡`¨vM wb‡j kZKiv 2 fvM nv‡dR
Kiv nq wb! K…ZKvh© n‡eb wK bv m‡›`n Av‡Q| AZGe Zv‡`i
9. AZtci cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i Kw_Z Ges `jxq Bgvg gva¨‡g †Kvivb msiw¶Z _vKvi †Kvb hyw³ †bB|
†gvnv‡ÏmM‡Yi Dci ivQy‡ji Rxebx †jLvi `vwqZ¡ ‡Kvivb evi evi †Nvlbv Ki‡Q †h, ÔAvj−vn Zv‡`i
36

gyLv‡c¶x bb|Õ
2. Avi hviv fv‡eb †h msKj‡bi gva¨‡g Avj−vn msi¶Y 15 nvw`m mg_©‡b †Kviv‡bi †h mKj AvqvZ e¨eüZ nq
K‡i‡Qb| Zviv Rv‡bb †h c~‡e© †Kviv‡bi 7 iK‡gi
msKjb cÖPwjZ wQj,eZ©gv‡b 2 Rb Kvixi msKjb- c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, cÖPjwZ nvw`m¸wj
cvV cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| A_©vr 7wU Aviex AvÂwjK fvlvq Kw®§bKv‡jI Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K
†Kvivb msKwjZ wQj GLb gvÎ 2wU cvV Pvjy Av‡Q| hvPvB-evQvB K‡ib wb, GgbwK AvRI Zv inm¨RbK
wKš‘ 2wU cvV msi¶Y Avj−vni AwfcÖvq n‡Z cv‡i bv| Kvi‡Y Ki‡Z ivRx n‡”Qb bv| c¶vš—‡i, nvw`m †jLv I
3. †Kvivb Lyj‡jB †`Lv hvq †h g°x Qyiv¸wj †Kviv‡bi Abymi‡Yi mg_©‡b wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZ¸wj mv¶x wnmv‡e
†k‡l Ges gv`vbx Qyiv¸wj cÖ_‡g, A_©vr D‡jvU-cvjU Dc¯’vcb K‡i _v‡Kb :
K‡i msKjb Kiv n‡q‡Q| †Kviv‡bi mywP‡Z †jLv 1. jv Kv` Kvbv-- nvQvbvZzb [33:AvnRve-21] A_©:
_v‡K 6,666wU AvqvZ wKš‘ cvIqv hvq 6,236wU| ivQy‡ji Rxe‡bi g‡a¨ †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ my›`iZg Av`k©
ZvQvovI Av‡jg‡`i g‡a¨ msKjb wb‡q we¯—i gZ‡f` wbwnZ Av‡Q|
I weZK© Av‡Q| [we¯—vwiZ †`Lyb: Ô†Kvivb msKjb 2. K¡yj Bb KzbZzg --ivwng [3:Bgivb-31] A_©: ej!
weZ‡K©i D‡×©!,Õ I Ô†Kvivb bv †evSvi KviYÕ Aa¨vq] †Zvgiv hw` Avj−vn‡K fvjevm Z‡e Avgv‡K AbymiY
myZivs Ômsi¶YÕ kãwUi Zvrch© G‡Kev‡iB A¯úó| Ki, Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i fvjevm‡eb Ges †Zvgv‡`i
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm Avj−vn AZx‡Zi †Kvb MÖš’B msi¶Y Aciva ¶gv Ki‡eb|
K‡ibwb GKgvÎ †KvivbB msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb| g~jZt 3. K¡yj--Kv‡dixb [3:Bgivb-32] A_©: ej! ÔAvj−vn I
AZx‡Zi mKj MÖš’B Avj−vn ¯^qs msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb weavq ivQy‡ji AbyMZ nI|Õ hw` Zviv g~L wdwi‡q †bq Z‡e
cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a nhiZ Av`g †_‡K AwaKvsk bex‡`i †R‡b ivL Avj−vn Kvwdi‡`i cm›` K‡ib bv|
BwZnvm ci¤úivq bex‡`i gva¨‡g Avj−vn ¯^qs cybt cybt 4. AvwZDj−vnv-- wgbK¡zg [4:wbQv-59] A_©: †Zvgiv
cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb Ges †Kvb bexB Avj−vni mvnvh¨ Qvov Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji Ges †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv Ávbx
nv‡dR ev †Kvb msKj‡bi mvnvh¨ †bb wb| b¨vq-Ab¨vq, Zv‡`i Av‡`k cvjb K‡iv|
LywU-bvwU GgbwK Aby-cigvYy welq¸wjI NUv gvÎB Avj−vn 5. Bqv --BDnBK¡yg [8:Avbdvj-24] †n gywgbMY! ivQyj
ZrbM` msi¶Y K‡ib; Avi †m AbyhvqxB Kw_K nvk‡ii hLb †Zvgv‡`i Ggb wKQyi w`‡K Wv‡K hv †Zvgv‡`i
w`‡b Avj−vn wePvi gxgvskv Ki‡eb| Av`g-Bwe−m, cÖvYeš— K‡i, ZLb Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji Wv‡K mvov
†divDb, bgiƒ` BZ¨vw` BwZnvm Avj−vn †Kvb MÖš’ ev w`‡e|
nv‡d‡Ri gva¨‡g msi¶Y K‡i ivQyj‡K wkLvbwb| 7. -AvwZDj−vnv --A ivQyjvû [8:Avbdvj-1] -Ges
ag© m¤^‡Ü e¨w³MZ AwfgZ ev d‡Zvqv cwinvi Avj−vn I Zvi ivQy‡ji AvbyMZ¨ Ki|
mK‡ji Rb¨B Acwinvh©¨ Ávb Kiv DwPr| Ab¨_vq Kzdzix Ggb †ek wKQy AvqvZ i‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b; hv m¤^‡Ü Kv‡iv
†nZz Rvnvbœv‡gi AvksKv Awbevh¨©| †Kvb m‡›`n †bB ev †Kvb gZwe‡ivaI †bB, wKš‘ ivQyj
* AvR Avi Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ †bB; Av‡`k wb‡kaI K‡ib bv
37

Ges †g‡b PjviI cÖkœ †bB, myZivs: `j-Dc`jxq †gvmjgvb‡`i msÁv `~‡f©`¨ K‡i
K. ‡Kvivb gvbv gv‡bB ivQyj‡K gvbv; ivQyj ¯^qs †Kvivb †d‡j‡Q; Dciš‘ gnvbex‡K Pig weZwK©Z K‡i
†g‡b P‡j‡Qb, †Kvivb gvbvi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb| Zz‡j‡Q!
†Kviv‡bi evwn‡i wZj cwigvY K_v KvR K‡ibwb; N. `jxq `„wó‡KvY †_‡K hvi hvi nvw`m Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q
Ki‡j ¯^qs Avj−vn Zuvi Nv‡oi wkiv †K‡U †dj‡Zb| mZ¨; Zvi wecixZ meB wg_¨v| wKš‘ wbi‡c¶
[`ª: 69:nvK¡v-44-47]: `„wó‡KvY †_‡K mZ¨-wg_¨v †KvbUvB gš—e¨ Kivi
L. wZb kZvãx c‡i `jxq †bZv‡`i ¯^-wjwLZ Ges Kw_Z Dcvq †bB| Z‡e †Kviv‡bi Av‡Q; †Kvivb ÔgxRvbÕ,
nvw`m¸wj‡KB †h gnvbexi K_v-KvR e‡j wek¦vm A_© cvj−v-evULviv; †Kvivb Ô†dviKvbÕ, A_©:mZ¨-
Ki‡Z n‡e! A_ev †evLvix-‡gvm‡jg‡`i Dci wg_¨v cv_©K¨Kvix, A_©vr KvIQvi ev Kôxcv_i|
wbtkZ© Bgvb Avb‡Z n‡e! Ggb †Kvb Bw½Z-Bmviv wKš‘`j-Dc`j¸wj inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y Avw`Kvj
AvqvZ¸wj‡Z †bB| †_‡KB GB cix¶vi m¤§yLxb n‡Z wKQy‡ZB ivRx bb|
M. gymwjg we‡k¦i cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j-Dc`‡ji ¯^Zš¿ nvw`m *
i‡q‡Q| †hgb: mybœx‡`i AmsL¨ nvw`‡mi g‡a¨
†Qnv‡QËv [6 Lvwb mZ¨] wkqv‡`i AmsL¨ nvw`‡mi 16 wbR¯^ g‡Z hviv ag© MÖš’ iPbv K‡i
g‡a¨ †Qnv LvgQv [5 Lvwb mZ¨] nvw`m Av‡Q, h_v:
Avj-K¡vdx, gvb-bv-Avn`yiƒj dvKxn, ZvnvwReyj ¯^ ¯^ I `jxq ¯^v‡_©i gZ& I c_ cÖwZôvi Rb¨ Avw`Kvj
Avn&Kvg, bvn&Ryj evjvMv I Avj-BmwZemvi-wdgv †_‡KB g„Z ¸i“, †bZv I bex‡`i bv‡g wg_¨v iPbv K‡i
LyZzjxdv wgbvj AvLevi| Gfv‡e cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j- Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm I mg_©b Av`v‡qi †Póv Ki‡Zv|
Dc`‡ji ¯^Zš¿ nvw`m i‡q‡Q| mK‡jB GKB ivQy‡ji GgbwK Avj−vni bv‡gI Awn iPbv Ki‡Zv| cÖPwjZ
bv‡g nvw`m wj‡LI Zv‡`i g‡a¨ we¯—i gZ‡f` nvw`m‡KI kwiqZ Ab¨ cÖKvi Awn wnmv‡eB `xN©Kvj hver
i‡q‡Q| GgbwK H mg¯— Kw_Z nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K cÖPviYv Pvjv‡”Q| AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i cvkvcvwk
G‡Ki `„wó‡Z Ab¨ `j Kv‡di, dv‡mK Z_v Agymwjg nvw`m, †dKnv, Dcwbl`, †U÷v‡g›U Gfv‡eB iwPZ
e‡j MY¨ K‡i _v‡Kb| A_P H GKB AvqvZ w`‡q ¯^- n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ cieZ©x bex G‡m †m mKj nvw`‡mi GKwU
¯^ `‡ji wek¦vm I nvw`m¸wji c‡¶ mg_©b cÖgvY K‡i gvÎ evYxI mZ¨ e‡j cieZ©x †Kvb Hkx MÖ‡š’ mwbœ‡ewkZ
_v‡Kb| bex Avi Avm‡eb bv e‡j †h mKj nvw`m K‡ib wb, eis gbyl¨ iwPZ wg_¨v ev‡bvqvU e‡j evwZj
w`‡q cÖgvY K‡ib wVK †mB nvw`m MÖš’ w`‡qB †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| AZGe, fwel¨‡Z Avj−vni B”Qvq KLbI
Avng`xqvMY cybt bex Avmvi `wjj cÖgvY †ck K‡i hw` bex-ivQyj Av‡mb, Z‡e ZvivI cÖPwjZ `jxq iwPZ
_v‡Kb! G GK Awfbe nvw`m e‡U! GgZve¯’vq ‡Kvb& nvw`m¸wj †h evwZj †NvlYv Ki‡eb, Zv wek¦vm Kivi hyw³
Dc`‡ji msM„nxZ I Abym„Z nvw`m cÖK…Zc‡¶ cÖgvY †Kvivbmn AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’B enb K‡i
ivQy‡ji Zv wba©vib Kivi ¶gZv we‡k¦i Kv‡iv †bB| Pj‡Q|
ZvÕQvov GKRb Agymwj‡gi Kv‡Q ci¯úi we‡ivax G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi KwVb ûwkqvwi †`Lyb :
38

1. A-Bbœv wgbûg-- Bqvjvgyb| [3: Bgivb-78] A_©: wj‡Lb/ wjLvb| Kw_Z nvw`m gnvbexi bv‡gi †`vnvB
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ GK`j †jvK _v‡KB, hviv Ggb K‚U- w`‡q Zvi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 300 ermi c‡i ¯^‡NvwlZ
‡KŠk‡j [wRnŸv evuKv K‡i] K_v e‡j, hv‡Z †Zvgiv ivQy‡ji †m‡µUvix [bv‡q‡e ivQyj] mv¯cÖ`vwqK †bZv
Dnv‡K Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Ask e‡j g‡b Ki| Avm‡j Dc-‡bZvMY mvavi‡Yi KvQ †_‡K ï‡b ï‡b iPbv
Dnv Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Ask b‡n| Zviv e‡j Dnv K‡ib|
Avj−vni Zid †_‡K [Awn] e¯‘Zc‡¶ Dnv Avj−vni 4. †Kviv‡bi Dci mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦i `j-Dc`j¸wji
Zid †_‡K [Awn] bq| Zviv †R‡b ï‡bB Avj−vni cÖavbZ †Kvb m‡›`n †bB; c¶vš—‡i `jxq nvw`‡mi
bv‡g wg_¨v e‡j| Dci Ab¨ `j-Dc`‡ji ‡KvbB wek¦vm †bB, ¯^xKviI
2. A-wgbûg-- Bj−v-BqvRyb&byb| [2: evKviv-78] A_©: K‡i bv|
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb KZK Avnv¤§K †jvK Av‡Q; hv‡`i 5. †Kvivb gnvbexi mivmwi gyL wbtm„Z evbx; nvw`m
wg_¨v aviYv e¨ZxZ †KZve m¤^‡Ü †Kvb Ávb †bB| `jxq Bgvg‡`i wew¶ß kÖ“Z Ges ¯^-n¯— wjwLZ evbx|
Zviv ïay Aevš—i aviYv †cvlY K‡i| 6. Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji nvw`m gv‡bB †Kvivb; †evLvix‡`i
3. dv-ABjyj−vRxbv-- BqvKwQeyb| [2:evKviv-79] A_©: nvw`m gv‡bB †Qnv‡QËv,†dKnv BZ¨vw`|
myZivs `~‡f©vM Zv‡`i Rb¨, hviv wbR nv‡Z †KZve 7. †Kvivb wek¦vm Kiv gv‡bB ivQy‡ji Dci Cgvb Avbv;
iPbv K‡i Ges Zz”Q g~j¨ [A_©, m¤§vb BZ¨vw`] cÖvwßi nvw`m wek¦vm Kiv gv‡bB †evLvix‡`i Dci Bgvb
Rb¨ e‡j: Bnv Avj−vni Zid †_‡K [Awn] G‡m‡Q| Avbv|
Zv‡`i nvZ hv iPbv K‡i‡Q, Zvi Rb¨ kvw¯— Zv‡`i 8. kwiqZ e‡j, Ônvw`mI GKcÖKvi Awn Ges Zv Avj−vn
Ges hv Zviv DcvR©b K‡i‡Q, Zvi Rb¨ kvw¯— Zv‡`i| n‡Z †cÖwiZ|Õ cÖavbZ gvby‡li iwPZ †KZve‡K Awn
* Ges †Kviv‡bi mgZyj¨ g‡b Kiv ev Zzjbv Kiv gv‡bB
Avj−vni mv‡_ kixK Kiv; hv Kzdzix †nZz ¶gvi A‡hvM¨
17 †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨ (3:Bgivb-78)|
*
1. †Kvivb I nvw`‡mi cv_©K¨ GKwU AciwUi wecixZ ; 18 mivmwi †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m
GKwU mªóvi Ab¨wU m„wói|
2. †Kviv‡bi GKwU evYxi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i mv¶x I cÖgvY †m evsjv‡`k ˆ`wbK AvRv` cwÎKvi cÖwZôvZv giûg AvKivg
evYxwU wb‡RB Ges DnvB h‡_ó I h_vmŸ©¯^| c¶vš—‡i, Luv Zuvi cÖYxZ Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ MÖ‡š’ ïay HwZnvwmK `„wó‡Kvb
nvw`‡mi GKwU evYxi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ kZ †_‡K AmsL¨ nvw`m wg_¨v I fzj cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb| †m¸wj
kZ evYx GgbwK AmsL¨ Mªš’ iwPZ n‡q‡Q; Avw`Kvj cvVKe„›` cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a †`‡L wb‡Z cv‡ib; hvi 3wU gvÎ
†_‡K AvR ch©š— G msKjb Pj‡QB Ges Gi weZK© nvw`m GLv‡b mwbœ‡ewkZ Av‡Q |
Abvw`Kvj hveZ Pj‡ZB _vK‡e| Bgvg †evLvixi cÖ_g L‡Û gnvbexi cweÎ cwievi
3. †Kvivb Awn Avmvi m‡½ m‡½B ¯^qs gnv bex wb‡RB m¤^‡Ü GZ Ak−xj, RNb¨ I gvbnvwbKi nvw`m iwPZ Av‡Q;
39

hv ag©cÖvY Rbmvavi‡Yi nvw`‡mi cÖwZ Awek¦vm, m‡›`n, m¤§vb‡eva _vK‡j Giƒc gš—e¨ Ki‡Z mvnmx n‡Zb bv| G
N„Yv Ges weiƒc cÖwZwµqvi f‡q AvRI g~j MÖ‡š’i nvw`m¸wj Kvi‡YB †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K nvw`m cix¶vq cÖPwjZ
avivevwnK I ûeû cÖKvk Ki‡Z mvnm cv‡”Qb bv| wewfbœ kwiqZ ivRx bb| Dciš‘ mgMÖ bv‡q‡e ivQyj‡`i Av‡jg,
e½vbyev‡` nvw`‡mi µwgK b¤^‡i Miwgj _vKv Gi GKwU AcÖwZØw›Ø Av‡jg‡`i Av‡jg m¤§vwbZ giûg AvKivg
Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY| Luv‡K AvwRRyj nK mv‡ne RNb¨ fvlvq MvjvMvwj
wb‡æ wKQy msL¨K nvw`‡mi DØ„wZ †`qv n‡q‡Q, hv K‡i‡Qb, hv MÖvg¨ gyL© †jvK‡`i c‡¶I †kvfv cvq bv|
†Kviv‡bi mivmwi wecixZ; G Qvov AmsL¨ nvw`m i‡q‡Q wbæewY©Z †Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Zi cvkvcvwk wKQy nvw`m
hv hyw³ cÖgvbnxb, KvÛÁvbnxb I ev¯—e weewR©Z| cÖKvk ewY©Z n‡q‡Q, Bnv QvovI ciewZ© cÖwZ‡e`b¸wj‡ZI
_v‡K †h, Qvnvev Avey †nvivqiv [‡QvU weov‡ji evc] AmsL¨ nvw`m ewY©Z Av‡Q,hv †Kviv‡bi wecixZ|
5,374wU nvw`m eY©bv K‡ib Ges GB mgy`q nvw`mB cvVKe„›` †Kvivb gvb‡eb bv nvw`m gvb‡eb Zv Zv‡`i
†Kvivb wei“×; Zvi cÖgvY¯^iƒc Rbve AvwRRyj n‡Ki Dw³wU wbR¯^ welq:
j¶¨Yxq:
Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ Gi †jLK AvKivg Luv nvw`m cix¶vi †Kvivb: nvw`m:
KZK¸wj aviv wba©viY K‡i‡Qb; Gi Ab¨Zg avivwU Giƒc: 1| K. AZvÕgyiƒbvbœv-Qv wej 1| K. Avãyj−v Be‡b gvQyy`
Ò†Kviv‡b †h mKj NUbvi D‡j−L Av‡Q, †Kvb BwZnv‡m ev wewi© A ZvÃvDbv AvbdzQvK¡zg A †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyjvj−vn
PwiZ cy¯—‡K GgbwK nvw`‡mi †iIqv‡ZI hw` Zvi wecixZ Avš‘g Zvrjybvj wKZv-ev e‡j‡Qb, Ô†h e¨w³ Avj−vni
†Kvb K_v ewY©Z nq, Z‡e †Kviv‡bi wec‡¶ Ab¨ mKj cy¯— Avdvjv ZvwK¡jyb [2:evKviv- wKZv‡ei GKwU nid [A¶i] cvV
‡Ki ev ivexi eY©bv‡K Avgiv AMÖvn¨-Awek¦vm¨ ewjqv 44] A_©: †Zvgiv gvbyl‡K K‡i †m Zvi e`jvq GKwU †bKx
wba©viY Kwie|Ó mrKv‡Ri wb‡`©k `vI Avi cv‡e| Avi GKwU †bKx n‡e
Dwj−wLZ avivwUi wei“‡× Rbve AvwRRyj nK e‡jb, wb‡R‡`i‡K fz‡j _vK ? 10wU †bKxi mgvb| Avwg
ÒZvnvi GB wbq‡gi K_vUv LyeB my›`i I mwVK, wKš‘ cÖkœ †Zvgiv †KZve co A_P Avwjd, jvg, wgg-†K GKwU
nBj GB †h, wecixZ nIqvUv mve¨¯— Kwi‡e †K Ges wKiƒc †Zvgiv eyS bv? nid ejwQ bv eis ÔAvwjdÕ
†jv‡K? Luv giû‡gi b¨vq åvš— gZev` I g‡bvweKviMÖ¯’ GKwU, ÔjvgÕ GKwU, ÔwggÕ GKwU
¯^í Gjgavix †jvK‡K †Kviv‡bi wecixZ welq mve¨¯— nid|Õ
Kivi my‡hvM †`Iqv nB‡j †Kvb bexi †Kvb †gv‡Rhv Ges L. ABDevwq¨by Av-Bqv-wZnx L. Avãyj−vn Ge‡b AveŸvm [iv]
Avey †nvivqiv [iv] ewY©Z 5,374 Lvbv nvw`m †Kviv‡bi wjbœv-wQ jv Avj−vûg †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb,
wecixZ mve¨¯— nBqv aivc„ó nB‡Z gywQqv hvB‡e| [`ª: BqvZvRvK¡viƒb [2:evKviv- ÔGKw`b wReªvBj bexi [mv]
†evLvix, 5g LÛ; AvwRRyj nK; †gv¯Zdv Pwi‡Zi 221] A_©: wZwb gvby‡li Rb¨ wbKU e‡m wQ‡jb| wZwb Dci
DcµwgKvi mgv‡jvPbv Aa¨vq; c„: 21] ¯^xq weavb mnR mijfv‡e e¨³ †_‡K wKQy AvIqvR ï‡b gv_v
nK mv‡n‡ei gš—e¨wU mg~n †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ cÖKvk¨ K‡ib, hv‡Z Dnv †_‡K wk¶v DwV‡q †`L‡jb Ges ej‡jb,
AeÁv ¯^iƒc e‡U! ag©Ávb Z_v †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ mvgvb¨ MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡i| GwU n‡jv AvKv‡ki GKwU
40

M. KvRv-wjKv BDevwq¨byj−v-û `iRv| AvR‡Ki w`‡b GUv


jvKzg Av-Bqv-wZwn jvÕ †Lvjv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ BwZc~‡e©
Avj−vKzg ZvÕwK¡jyb [2:evKviv- Avi †Kvb w`b GUv †Lvjv nq
242] A_©: Gfv‡eB Avj−vn wb| Zvici GB `iRv w`‡q
Zvi weavb c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY© GKRb ‡d‡i¯—v AeZiY
K‡ib, hv‡Z †Zvgiv eyS‡Z Ki‡jb| wReªxj ej‡jb, ÔGB
cvi| †d‡i¯—vwU c„w_ex‡Z AeZiY Q. Avdvjv- Bqv Zv`veŸviƒbvj
N. AjvK¡v` RvivÕbv- Ki‡Q| BwZc~‡e© †m Avi KL‡bv K¡ziÕAvbv Avg Avjv K¡zjyweb
wjR¡vnvbœvgv--M¦v-wdjyb| [7: AeZiY K‡i wb|Õ wdwi¯—vwU AvK¡vdv-jynv [47: †gvnv¤§`-
Avivd -179] A_©: Avwg‡Zv Zv‡K Qvjvg Kij Ges ejj, 24]
eû R¡xb I gvbe‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi Ômymsev` MÖnY Ki“b; hv A_©: Z‡e wK Zviv †Kvivb
Rb¨ m„wó K‡iwQ; hv‡`i ü`q Avcbv‡K †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges m¤^‡Ü M‡elYv K‡i bv! bv
Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv Dcjwä K‡i Avcbvi c~‡e© Avi †Kvb bex‡K Zv‡`i Aš—i Zvjve×!!
bv; Zv‡`i P¶z Av‡Q wKš‘ †`qv nq wb| †m `yÕwU n‡”Q Qyiv
[nvw`‡mi `ª: 1| K) wiqv`ym mv‡jnxb, 3q LÛ, †gvRv‡¤§j
ZØviv †`‡L bv; Ges Zv‡`i dv‡Znv I Qyiv evKvivi †kl
nK, c„: 57; L) H, c„: 67]
Kvb Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv kªeY K‡i AvqvZ| †m¸wji †Kvb GKwU
bv| Bnviv cïi b¨vq; eis Dnv A¶i co‡jB Avcbv‡K Zvi
GLv‡b gvÎ 7wU D`vniY †`qv n‡q‡Q| Kg K‡i n‡jI
A‡c¶vI AwaK weåvš—; Bnviv †Qvqve †`qv n‡e|Õ
†Kviv‡b GK k‡ZiI D‡×© Abyiƒc AvqvZ i‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i
Mvwdj|
†Kvivb co‡j †Qvqve, ïb‡j †Qvqve, cov‡j †Qvqve,
O. ABqvR¡ Avjy wiR¡Qv Avjv- gyL¯— Ki‡j †Qvqve; GgbwK co‡Z bv Rvb‡j ïay gvÎ c„ôvi
j−vRxbv--jv-BqvwK¡jyb| Dc‡i Av½yj †U‡b †M‡jI †Qvqve; G ai‡bi eû nvw`m
10: BDbyQ-100] A_©: Ges d‡Zvqv eûKvj a‡i mgv‡R cÖPvwiZ I cÖwZwôZ n‡q Av‡Q|
hviv eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv, Av‡jvP¨ wReªvB‡ji Dcw¯’wZ‡Z Ges Zv‡K wWw½‡q
Zv‡`i Dci Avj−vn gqjv Avevi †Kvb& bvg bv Rvbv †d‡i¯—v AeZxY© n‡q Awn cÖ`vb
[weóv] wb‡¶c K‡ib| Ki‡jv A_P Zv †Kviv‡b ¯’vb bv cvIqvi KviY m‡›`nRbK
e‡U!
P.gvQvjyj−vRxbv--K¡vDgv¾v- †Kvivb nvw`m
wjgxb [62: Rygyqv-5] A_©: 2| A-Bqvm AvjybvKv -- 2| K. wewe Avqkv [iv] †_‡K
hv‡`i‡K ZvIiv‡Zi `vwqZ¡ gyZvZ¡vwnixb| [2: evKviv-222] ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg I bex
fvi †`qv n‡qwQj, Zviv Dnv A_©: †jv‡K †Zvgv‡K nv‡qR [mv] AcweÎ Ae¯’vq GKB cvÎ
enb Qvov ey‡S AbymiY K‡i m¤^‡Ü wRÁvmv K‡i, ej! Dnv n‡Z cvwb wb‡q GKB m‡½
41

AmywP| myZivs †Zvgiv nv‡qR †MvmjLvbvq †Mvmj KiZvg,


Kv‡j ¯¿x m½ eR©b Ki‡e Ges Zvi wb‡`©‡k FZzi Kvco cwiavb
cweÎ bv nIqv ch©š— mnevm KiZvg| AZtci wZwb Avgvi
Ki‡e bv| AZGe Zviv hLb m‡½ wgkv-wgwk Ki‡Zb|
DËgiƒ‡c cwiï× nq ZLb
Zv‡`i wbKU †mfv‡e Mgb
Ki‡e †hfv‡e Avj−vn Av‡`k
w`‡q‡Qb| Avj−vn
AbyZßKvix‡K fv‡jvev‡mb,
hviv cweÎ _v‡K Zv‡`i
fv‡jvev‡mb|
L. wewe Avqkv †_‡K ewY©Z:
wZwb e‡jb, Avgv‡`i †Kn
FZzeZx n‡j Ges †m Ae¯’vq
ivQyjvj−vn [mv] Zvi m‡½
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Z PvB‡j Zv‡K
FZzi cÖve‡j¨i mgq FZzi
KwU‡ek civi wb‡`©k w`‡Zb,
AZtci wZwb Zvi m‡½
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb|
M. gvqgybv [iv] †_‡K ewY©©Z:
wZwb e‡jb, ivQyj−vn [mv] Zvi
†Kvb ¯¿xi m‡½ FZz Ae¯’vq
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Z PvB‡j, Zv‡K
FZzi KwU‡ek civi wb‡`©k
w`‡Zb| [nvw`m myÎ: 2| K,L I M: †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvaywbK
N. Avey †nvivqiv [iv] †_‡K cÖKvkbx, c„:159; N) nvw`‡Q ivQyj, Avjx nvq`vi; 1g
ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, GK`v bex cÖKvk;ZvR †Kvs;]
[mv] K‡qK Rb Qvnvevmn GK
gRwj‡k e‡mwQ‡jb| Ggb mgq bvix‡`i nv‡q‡Ri mgqKvjxb †Kviv‡bvwj−wLZ wewa
GKwU †jvK †`uŠ‡o G‡m ejj, wb‡lawU wbZvš— mnR-mij, hvi cybt e¨vL¨v wb¯cÖ‡qvRb|
42

AvqvZwU‡Z cÖavb `yÕwU wb‡`©k: 1. H mgq wewe m½ i‡³i is BZ¨vw`i mv¶¨ mvey` wb‡q K‡qK w`bvi
eR©b, 2. Ges msMg eR©b| we‡k¦i †Kvb Abyev‡`B Gi Kvddvivi wb‡`©k w`‡qB ¶vš— n‡jb! gvÎ GKwUev‡ii
gZvš—i ev gZwe‡iva †bB| msM eR©b ej‡Z: †hŠbv‡e‡M Rb¨I mveavb K‡i w`‡jb bv †h, G Ae¯’vq ¯¿x wgjb
aiv, †Qvqv, nvwm-VvÆv, K_vevZ©v, is-Zvgvkv, gm&Kiv †Kviv‡b nvivg †NvwlZ Av‡Q, AZGe Ô†Zvev Ki, wØZxq
BZ¨vw` LyuwUbvwU mKj welq †_‡K weiZ _vKv eySvq| G evi Avi †hb bv Ki|Õ eis mvgvb¨ Kvddvivi wewbgq
we‡kl mgqUv gv-Lvjv, †evb I Avcb Kb¨v‡`i m‡½ mKj Ae¯’vq FZzeZx wewei m‡½ mnev‡mi ˆeaZvi ivq
mvaviYZ †hgb m¤úK© I †hvMv‡hvM _v‡K; FZzeZx ¯¿xi w`‡jb! Dwj−wLZ nvw`m¸wj gnv bexi Dw³ e‡j hw` †Kn
mv‡_I Z`ªƒc m¤úK© eRvq †i‡L Pjvi cwi¯‹vi Bw½Z enb wek¦vm K‡i, Z‡e Zvi †gvmjgvbxZ¡ _vK‡e wK bv Zv †f‡e
K‡i Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z| †`Lv Ri“ix|
gv‡mi gvÎ 3/4wU w`b BZ¨vw` †_‡K weiZ _vKv †Kvb nvw`m¸wj AjsK…Z n‡Z n‡Z Ggb ch©vq G‡m‡Q, hv
†gv‡gb GgbwK mvaviY †jv‡Ki c‡¶I Am¤¢‡ei wKQy bq; j¾v ki‡gi gv_v †L‡q wjL‡Z eva¨ njvg:
hv‡`i GKvwaK wewe eZ©gvb _v‡K, Zv‡`i c‡¶ welqwU ewikv‡ji R‰bK kwiqZx giûg cxi, Zvi cÖYxZ
†Kvb welqB bq| c¶vš—‡i, GKRb bex, AZtci 9/11 Ô†gvK‡Q`yj †gv‡gbx‡bÕ wj‡L‡Qb, ÒFZzeZx wewei †jv‡Q
Rb wewe eZ©gvb _vK‡Z, FZzeZx wewe‡`i mv‡_ gvLvgvwL, [Di“‡Z] cyi“l A½ NlvNwl K‡i exh©cvZ NUv‡bv hv‡qR
wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb e‡j nvw`m iwPZ n‡q‡Q| Avi GRb¨ Av‡Q|Ó R‰bK †Mvjvg ingvb cÖYxZ H GKB bv‡gi MÖ‡š’
ixwZgZ FZzi wbw`©ó Kvco civi wb‡`©k w`‡Zb, AZtci wj‡L‡Qb, Ònv‡qR Ae¯’vq wj½ g`©b nvjKv †`vl|Ó
gvLvgvwL Ki‡Zb!! nvw`m †eËvMY Ôgyev-kvivZzbÕ Gi A_© Bgvg †evLvix‡`i Dci Cgvb G‡b, gnvbexi bv‡g
K‡i‡Qb, ÔgvLvgvwLÕ, ÔwgkvwgwkÕ| wKš‘ Dnvi A_© cÖavbZt RNY¨ wg_¨v Kj¼ gymjgvbMY AvR †`o nvRvi ermi hver
Ôm½gÕ! [`ª: AvaywbK evsjv Aviex Awfavb; gvIjvbv enb K‡i Pj‡Q| `jxq ¯^v_© I Avcb Ak−xj †`vl-ΓwU
gywnDwÏb]| AZGe nvw`m †eËvMY g~jZt wK ej‡Z Pv‡”Qb XvKvi Rb¨ gnv bexi cweÎ bv‡gi †`vnvB w`‡q nvw`m¸wj
ZvÕ ¯úó bq, Avevi cwi¯‹viI e‡U! ZeyI gvÎ gvLvgvwLi iwPZ n‡q‡Q e‡j m‡›`n Kiv hvq| G¸wji Dci
Kvg cÖe„wËUzKzI [nvw`m g‡Z] `gb Ki‡Z wZwb m¶g nb wb! Rbmvavi‡Yi wek¦vm AR©b I `„wó ni‡Yi Rb¨ AwZ mvaviY
AZtci wewe Avqkvi [iv] `vw¤¢Kc~Y© Dw³ [nvw`m g‡Z] I †MŠY welq wKQy mZ¨ K_v nvw`‡m wj‡L‡Q e‡U! wKš‘ Zvi
Ò†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †K bexi gZ Kvg cÖe„wË `gb Ki‡Z Avov‡j †Kviv‡bi g~j I †gŠwjK wfwËi Dci gnv bexi
m¶g|Ó Dw³UzKzi gš—e¨ Ki‡Z MÛ gyL© †jv‡KiI i“wP‡Z e¨w³Z¡ Z_v cyZ cweÎ cwiev‡ii Dci Awek¦vm¨ iƒ‡c
evavi K_v| nvw`mwU Rbve †evLvix iPbv bv K‡i eis Zvi AbwaKvi PP©v K‡i‡Qb|
wewe iPbv Ki‡j †f‡e wP‡š— iPbv Ki‡Zb| KviY, ¯^vgx-
¯¿xi gvLvgvwLi `i“b Aš—Z weweM‡Yi wK nvj nwKKZ nq †Kvivb: nvw`m:
Zv Bgvg †evLvix mv‡neMY bv Rvb‡jI Zv‡`i weweMY 3| Ajv-ZvR¡nvi weQvjv-wZKv 3| K. Avey gvÕgvi [iv] e‡jb,
Aek¨B Rvb‡Zb| D‡j−wLZ 4 bs nvw`mwU †hb AR cvov Ajv-ZzLv- wdZ wenv- Avgiv LveŸve‡K wRÁvmv
Mv‡qi MÛ g~L© bvU¨Kv‡ii iPbv| gnvbex nv‡q‡Ri eqm, AeZ¡vwM evBbv Rv-wjKv Kijvg, ÔivQyj wK †Rvni I
43

Qvwejv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj- AvQ‡ii bvgv‡R wKQy co‡Zb?Õ †KvwU †gvRv‡Ï` Av‡jg‡`i GKR‡bi Kv‡QI wK welqwU
110] A_©: cÖv_©bvi ¯^i DPz wZwb ej‡jb Ônu¨v!Õ Avgiv aiv c‡o bv? ÔivQyj wK †Rvni I AvQ‡ii bvgv‡R wKQy
wKsev AwZkq ¶xY KwiI bv| wRÁvmv Kijvg, ÔAvcbviv co‡Zb?Õ nvw`‡m Dwj−wLZ cÖkœwU A‡nZzK I evZzjZv
eis G `y‡qi ga¨g c_ Aej¤^b wKiƒ‡c ÁvZ n‡jb?Õ wZwb gvÎ| bvgv‡R Aek¨ Aek¨B †h wKQy †ZjvIqvZ Kiv nq Zv
KwiI| ej‡jb, ÔivQy‡ji [mv] `uvwo bZzb K‡i ivQy‡ji `uvwo †gveviK bovPov †`‡L wek¦vm
†gveviK †h bov Pov Ki‡Zv, Zv Avbvi hyw³ †Kv_vq! wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZwU Kv‡`i cwiPq enb
j¶¨ K‡iB Avgiv Dnv Dcjwã K‡i Zv GKevi †f‡e †`Lv DwPr :
Kijvg|Õ LvZvgvj−vû Avjv K¡zjywenxg-- AvRxg [evKviv-7] A_©:
L. Qvnvev Avey †nvivqiv [iv] Avj−vn Zv‡`i Kvb, Aš—i I †PvL gywo‡q AZtci wmj& K‡i
e‡jb, Ôbvgv‡R me ivKv‡ZB w`‡q‡Qb Ges Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q KwVb kvw¯—|
†Kviv‡bi Ask we‡kl co‡Z nq
†hme bvgv‡R ivQyj [mv] mk‡ã 4| K. AK¡zjy Akªvey-- gv- 4| K. hv‡ei Be‡b hv‡q` e‡jb:
†KivZ co‡Zb, AvgivI †m me Bjvj−vBj [2:evKviv-187]| KvgyK `„wó wb‡q wewei w`‡K
bvgv‡R Hiƒc cwoe| †h me A_© : Avi †Zvgiv cvbvnvi Ki ZvKv‡j hw` exh© cvZ N‡U ZeyI
bvgv‡R wZwb wbtk‡ã co‡Zb, hZ¶Y ivwÎi K…ò ‡iLv ‡_‡K †ivhv c~Y© Ki‡e|
AvgivI Hiƒc cwoe|Õ Elvi ïå †iLv cwi¯‹vifv‡e
[nvw`m myÎ: 3| K) †evLvix, 1g LÛ AvwR. nK; c„: 245; †Zvgv‡`i wbKU cÖwZfvZ bv
L) H, c„:247-48] nq| AZtci wbkv Mgb ch©š—
Dcevm c~Y© Ki|
kwiqZ ¯^-Áv‡b ¯^-B”Qvq Ges D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB L. Dwnj−v jvKzg--wbQv-BKzg, L. Avey †nvivqiv †_‡K ewY©Z:
†h gnv bexi †e-B¾wZ Z_v Bmjv‡gi wkKo DrcvU‡bi [2:evKviv-187] bex [mv] e‡jb, †ivhv`vi hw`
†h my`yi cÖmvix bxj bK&mv I my² cwiKíbv cÖbqY K‡i A_©: †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Dcevm fyj K‡i Lvq ev cvb K‡i, ZeyI
Pj‡Qb Zv GLv‡bB w`‡bi Av‡jvi gZB my¯úó| Avqv‡Z Kv‡j iv‡Z mnevm ˆea Kiv †m †ivqv c~Y© Ki‡e| †Kbbv
mvaviY 3wU wb‡`©k: 1. DPz ¯^‡i bq, 2. G‡Kev‡i g‡b nj| Avj−vnB Zv‡K cvbvnvi
g‡bI bq, 3. eis ga¨g ¯^i| Av‡`k 3wU †evSvi Rb¨ Kwi‡q‡Qb|
nvw`m, †dKnv ev a¨vb-mvabvi `iKvi Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq M. †ivhv †i‡L †ivhvi K_v fy‡j
bv| c¶vš—‡i, gnv bex †Kvivb wei“× †Kvb KvR K‡i‡Qb wM‡q wKQy †L‡q †d‡j, wKsev
e‡jI †KD ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb bv| A_P wVK †h wZbwU welq fy‡j ¯^vgx-¯¿x mnevm n‡q hvq,
wb‡la Kiv n‡q‡Q; AweKj Ges wVK †mB 3wU welqB ‡ivRvi K_v g‡b bv _v‡K, Z‡e
mivmwi A¯^xKvi K‡i gnv bexi bv‡g nvw`m iPbv K‡i Zv‡Z †ivRv fv†½ bv| hw` f‚‡j
wecixZ mybœZ Pvjy K‡i‡Qb| AevK nIqvi K_v, †KvwU †cU f‡iI Lvq ev f‚‡j evi
44

eviI cvbvnvi K‡i; ZeyI †ivhv Q. †Kvb ¯¿x‡jvK AmZK© Ae¯’vq


fv‡½ bv| wKš‘ LvIqv ïi“ Kivi wb`ªv wM‡q‡Q, wKsev AÁvb
ci ¯§iY nIqv gvÎB eÜ Kiv Ae¯’vq c‡o Av‡Q| †Kn Zvi
PvB| eÜ bv K‡i mvgvb¨ wKQy mwnZ mnevm Ki‡j [?] Zvi
wM‡j †d‡j Zv‡Z †ivhv †f‡½ †ivhv f½ n‡e| GB KvRv
hv‡e| IqvwRe n‡e| cyi“l †jvKwUi
N. †Kvb †ivhv`vi‡K f‚j ekZt Kvddviv IqvwRe n‡e|
†L‡Z †`‡L, hw` †ivhv`vi mej R. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) †_‡K
nq, Z‡e, Zv‡K ¯§iY Kwi‡q ewY©Z:GK e¨vw³ bexi (mv) wbKU
†`qv IqvwRe| hw` Zvi †ivhv G‡m AbyZv‡ci m‡½ ejj, ÔGB
ivLvi gZ kw³ bv _v‡K, Z‡e e`-bwQe aŸsm n‡q‡Q|Õ bex
¯§iY KivB‡e bv| wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, Ô‡Zvgvi wK
O. †ivhv †i‡L w`‡b Nygv‡j, n‡q‡Q?Õ †m ejj, ÔAvwg ‡ivRv
¯^cœ‡`vl n‡j ev ¯^‡cœ wKQy †L‡j _vKvq ¯¿xmnevm K‡i †d‡jwQ|Õ
†ivhv f½ nq bv| bex ej‡jb, Ô‡Zvgvi wK GKRb
P. avÎx cÖmywZi cÖmªv‡ei Øv‡i µxZ`vk gy³ Kivi ¶gZv Av‡Q?Õ
Avs¸j XzKv‡j wKsev wb‡RB wbR †m ejj, Ôbv;Õ ivQyj ej‡jb, Ô
†hvbx‡Z XzwK‡q m¤ú~Y© Av½yj ev 2 gvm †ivRv _vK‡Z cvi‡e?Õ †m
wKq`sk †ei K‡i Avevi XyKv‡j ejj, Ôbv|Õ wZwb ej‡jb, Ô 60
†ivRv fsM nq wKš‘ Kvddviv Rb Mixe‡K LvIqv‡Z cvi‡e?Õ
IqvwRe n‡e bv| Avi hw` ejj, Ôbv|Õ Ggb mgq GK †jvK
Av½yj †ei Kivi ci Avevi bv eo cvÎ fiv †LRyi wb‡q Avmj|
XzKvq Z‡e †ivhv bó n‡e bv| ZLb bex H e¨w³‡K ej‡jb, ÔH
Aek¨ cvwb BZ¨vw` Øviv Av½yj †LRyi wb‡q hvI Ges ¯^xq
wf‡R _v‡K Z‡e, cÖ_gev‡i †Mvbvni Kvd&dviv wnmv‡e m`Kv
XzKv‡jB †ivhv bó n‡e| `vI|Õ †m ejj,Ô Bnv wK Ggb
†jvK‡K w`e †h Avgvi †P‡q
AwaK Mixe? Avwg Kmg K‡i
ejwQ, Avgvi gZ Mixe G
GjvKvq Avi †KD †bB|Õ wZwb G
K_v ï‡b ¯^fveMZ g„`y nvwmi
45

†P‡q GKUz AwaK †n‡m (KviY


wZwb H e¨vw³i gZje eyS‡Z
†c‡iwQ‡jb) ej‡jb, ÔwVK
Av‡Q, Zzwg †Zvgvi
cwievieM©‡KB †L‡Z `vI|Õ

[nvw`m myÎ: 4| K) †evLvix, 2q LÛ; AvaywbK cÖKvkbx,


c„:244; L) †evLvix 2q LÛ, AvwR. nK, c„: 174; M) †_‡K
Q): †e‡n¯—x †RIi, 1g LÛ; Avkivd Avjx _vbfx, †ivhv
f½ Aa¨vq; R) †evLvix,2q LÛ; AvwR. nK,c„: 175]|]
wQqvg k‡ãi A_© Dcevm| Dcevm gv‡bB
‡hŠY†fvM,cvbvnvi †_‡K weiZ _vKv| AZGe †jv‡f †nvK
fy‡j †nvK, Dcevm iZKvjxb †h †Kvb Ae¯’vq cvbvnvi
Dcevm f½ nq| G‡Z †Kvb e¨wZµg †bB| DnvB
AvqvZwUi mnR, mij A_©| A_©vr wel †R‡b †L‡j †h
dj, bv †R‡b †L‡jI †mB GKB dj Awbevh©| G mgq ¯¿x
mnevm ˆea bq| mnevm ej‡Z †hŠbv‡e‡M †h †Kvb Kg©B
Dnvi Aaxb| c¶vš—‡i ÔRÕ bs nvw`mwU Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi
Aw¯—Z¡B A¯^xKvi K‡i‡Q|
ÔMÕ †_‡K ÔQÕ ch©š— ewY©Z aviv¸wj g„Z Avkivd Avjx
_vbfxi msKwjZ Ô†e‡nw¯— †RIiÕ 1g L‡Ûi †ivhv f‡½i
Aa¨vq ewY©Z 33wU avivi ga¨ †_‡K Pqb Kiv n‡q‡Q, H
33wU avivB ¯^ iwPZ I †Kvivb wei“×| Bnv‡Z †jLK
Av‡jg mv‡n‡ei †Kvivb weewR©Z Ak−xj I cÖKvk¨ †hŠb
weK…wZi N„b¨ I exfrm Pwi‡Îi mv¶x enb K‡i|

†Kvivb nvw`m [nvw`m myÎ: 5| K) †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. nK; c„: 62]
5| K. gv-bvbQvL wgb-- 5| K. Ievq`v [iv] eY©bv K‡ib: [we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv 5g Aa¨vq k‡e K`iÕ cÖwZ‡e`b
K¡vw`i [2:evKviv- 106] A_©: GK`v nhiZ gynv¤§` [mv] †`Lyb|]
46

wewae× K‡i‡Qb †mB ag© hvi


†Kvivb nvw`m wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb byn‡K-Avi
6| K. Bbœvj−vRxbv dvivK¡z-- 6| K. ivQyj e‡jb, ÒAvgvi Avwg Awn K‡iwQ †Zvgv‡K Ges
Bqvd Avjyb| [6:AvbAvg- D¤§‡Z 73wU `j n‡e, Zvi gvÎ hvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQjvg
159] A_©: hviv ag© m¤^‡Ü GKwU `j †e‡n‡¯— hv‡e; evwK Beªvnxg, gyQv I CQv‡K; GB
bvbv g‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q I mK‡j †`vh‡L hv‡e|Ó e‡j †h, †Zvgiv ag© cÖwZôv Ki
`‡j `‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Ges Dnv‡Z gZ‡f` m„wó
Zv‡`i Dc‡i Avcbvi †Kvb Ki‡e bv|
`vwqZ¡ †bB| Zv‡`i welq O. Agv ZvdviivK¡z --
Avj−vni Dci †Q‡o w`b| evBbvûg| [ 42: ïiv-14]
Avj−vn Zv‡`i K…ZK‡g©i Reve A_©: Zviv eyw×gvb n‡qI
w`wn Ki‡eb| †KejgvÎ cvi¯úwiK wnsmv
L. AÕ ZvwQgy wenvejxj−v-wn L. ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, ÒAvgvi we‡Ø‡li Kvi‡YB wb‡R‡`i
R¡vwgqv Ajv ZvdviivK¡z| [3: D¤§‡Z †gvnv¤§` Ge‡b Bw`ªQ g‡a¨ `jv`wj I gZ‡f` NUvq|
Bgivb-103] A_©: Ges [kv‡dC] bv‡g GKwU †jvK P. Ajv- ZvKzby--AvRxg| [3:
†Zvgiv mK‡j Avj−vni i¾y Rb¥v‡e| †m Avgvi D¤§‡Zi c‡¶ Bgivb-105] A_©: †Zvgiv
gReyZfv‡e AvK‡o ai; Bewjm A‡c¶vI AwaK Zv‡`i gZ nBI bv; hviv
†Zvgiv `j Dc-`‡j wef³ AwbóKvix n‡e; c¶vš—‡i, Zv‡`i wbKU ¯úó wb`k©b
nBI bv| Avgvi D¤§‡Z Avi GKRb †jvK Avmvi c‡iI wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨
n‡eb, Zv‡K Avey nvwbdv e‡j gZ- cv_©K¨ K‡i `j Dc`‡j
m‡¤^vab Kiv n‡e; wZwb n‡”Qb wef³ n‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i Rb¨
Avgvi D¤§‡Zi evwZ|Ó i‡q‡Q KwVY AvRve |
M. wgbvj−vRxbv-- dvwiûb| [nvw`m myÎ: 6| K I L): †evLvix, Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ; AvKivg
[30: iƒg-32] A_©: hviv Luv]
wb‡R‡`i a‡g© gZ‡f` m„wó
K‡i‡Q I `j Dc-`‡j wef³ Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K cÖPwjZ `j Dc-`j¸wji
n‡q‡Q; Zviv e¨w³ gZev` Dci gnv bexi †Kvb `vwqZ¡ †bB| A_©vr Giv mK‡jB
wb‡qB gË i‡q‡Q| bexnxb; AZGe, GB †KvivbI Zv‡`i bq e‡jB Zviv
N. kvivAv jvK¡zg--AvjvB‡n c‡ob †Kvivb, gv‡bb nvw`m|
gvBDbœxeyb| [42: ïiv-13] ÔLÕ bs nvw`mwU Bgvg †evLvixi [i] wbR nv‡ZB Bgvg
A_©: wZwb †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ kv‡dCi weiƒ‡× e¨w³MZ Ges Ggb RNb¨ AvµgY †h,
47

cÖPwjZ ivRbxwZK‡`iI nvi gvwb‡q‡Q| cve bv| cweÎ w`b, KviY Gw`b Avj−vn
†Kvivb nvw`m O) Bbœv AvbRvjbv--LvwQgvb| †divDb I Zvi j¯‹i‡`i Wzwe‡q
7| K. Ajvb ZviØv-- bvwQi| 7| K. gnvbex e‡jb, Òïay [4:wbQv-105] A_©: ‡Zvgvi gv‡ib| hvi Kvi‡Y gyQv [Av]
[2: evKviv-120] A_©: Bûw` I ighvb Qvov Ab¨ †h †Kvb gv‡mi cÖwZ mZ¨mn wKZve AeZxY© †kvKivbv †ivhv †i‡LwQ‡jb|
L„óvbMY †Zvgvi cÖwZ mš‘ó bdj †ivhvi †P‡q gynii‡gi K‡iwQ, hv‡Z Zzwg †mB Abyqvqx ZvB Avgiv Zv‡K AbymiY Kwi|
n‡e bv, hZ¶Y bv Zzwg Zv‡`i †ivhv m‡e©vËg|Ó gvby‡li g‡a¨ wePvi gxgvsmv gnvbex [mv] ej‡jb, Ò Avwg‡Zv
†Lqvj Lywki AbymiY Ki| ej! Ki; Ges Awek¦vmx‡`I c‡¶ †Zvgv‡`i †P‡qI gyQvi mv‡_
Avj−vni c_B cÖK…Z c_| hw` ZK© KwiI bv| Nwbó m¤úK© ivwL|Ó Gici
Zzwg Zv‡`i gZev` AbymiY P) [5:gv‡q`v-44-47] A_©: n‡Z wZwb wb‡R Avïivi †ivhv
Ki, Ávb †`qvi c‡iI Z‡e, hviv †Kvivb Abyhvqx wePvi ivLv ïi“ Ki‡jb| Ges Zuvi
Avj−vni wei“‡× †Zvgvi †Kvb gxgvskv K‡i bv ZvivB Kv‡di, Abymvix‡`i †ivhv ivL‡Z
mvnvh¨Kvix cv‡e bv| dv‡QK I Rv‡jg| Av‡`k w`‡jb|
L. AvjvBwbËvevÕZv-- Rv- L. gnv bex e‡jb,ÒAvwg Avkv Q. [6:AvbAvg-106] A_©:
jxwgb| [2: evKviv-145] A_©: Kwi Avïivi †ivhvi Øviv weMZ †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki KvQ †_‡K
†Zvgvi wbKU Awn Avmvi c‡i GK erm‡ii ¸Yvmg~n gvd n‡q hv Awn nq Zzwg ZvBB AbymiY
Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj Lywk _v‡K|Ó Ki—gykwiK‡`I †_‡K g~L
AbymiY Ki Z‡e wbðqB Zzwg wdwi‡q jI|
Rvwjg‡`i `‡ji n‡e| R. ABb Zz‡ZD--ZvLi“`ybv|
M. Kzj− AvËvweD-- gynZv`xb| M.gnv bex e‡jb, Ò†Zvgiv A_©: [6: AvbAvg-116] A_©:
[6: AvbAvg-56] A_©: ej! Avïivi †ivhv ivL Ges hw` Zzwg A‡b¨i K_v gZ Pj
Avwg †Zvgv‡`i a‡g©i AbymiY Bûw`‡`i we‡ivwaZv Ki| A_©vr Z‡e, Zviv †Zvgv‡K Avj−vni
Kwi bv, Ki‡j Avwg wec_Mvgx 1w`b Av‡M ev 1w`b c‡iI 1wU c_ †_‡K wePz¨wZ Ki‡e; Zviv
ne Ges mrc_ cÖvw߇`i `jf‚³ †ivhv ivwLI|Ó †Zv ïay Abygv‡bi AbymiY K‡i
_vK‡Z cvie bv| Ges AbygvbwfwËK K_v e‡j|
N. Kzj! gv-BqvKzby-- AvRxg| N. Ge‡b AveŸvm †_‡K ewY©Z: [nvw`m myÎ: 7| K I L):wiqv`ym mv‡jnxb, 3q LÛ, Av. g.
[10: BDbyQ-15] A_©: ej! wbR gnvbex g°v †_‡K gw`bvq Zvwje, c„: 164, 166; M) †evLvix, m. B. wek¦ †Kvl, 1g
†_‡K Bnv e`jv‡bv Avgvi KvR wnRiZ K‡i †`‡Lb, gw`bvi LÛ, c„: 86; N):†evLvix, 2q LÛ, AvwR. nK, c„: 191|]
b‡n| Avgvi cÖwZ hv Awn nq Bûw`iv Avïivi w`b †ivhv
Avwg †Kej ZvB AbymiY Kwi| iv‡L| ûhyi Zv‡`i wRÁvmv †Kvivb nvw`m
Avwg Avj−vni Aeva¨ n‡j Ki‡jb, Ò†Zvgiv †Kb †ivhv 8| K. jv-BDKvj−xdzj−vû-- 8| K.-- [gZvš—‡i] Avbvm
gnvw`e‡mi kvw¯— †_‡K †invB ivL?Ó Zviv ejj, Gw`bwU Lye eyQAvnv| [2:evKviv-286] A_©: Ge‡b gvwjK e‡jb, bex [mv]
48

Avj−vn mvg‡_©i evwn‡i Kv‡iv e‡jb,Ô-- gnv gwng Avj−vn ej‡jb, Avevi wd‡i hvb| Avwg
Dci `vwqZ¡ †`b bv| Avcbvi D¤§‡Zi Dci 50 Gev‡i ejjvg, Avgvi †h‡Z
L. jv-byKvwj−dz bvdQvb Bj−v Iqv³ bvgvR diR K‡i‡Qb| j¾v K‡i| Zvici Avgv‡K
eyQAvnv| [6:AvbAvg-152] †divi mgq Avwg gyQvi wbKU wQ`ªvZzj †gvbZvnvq wb‡q hvIqv
A_©: Avwg Kv‡KI Zvi †cuŠQ‡j wZwb e‡jb, ÔAvcbvi n‡jv; Zv is-G XvKv wQj| Avwg
mva¨vwZZ `vwqZ¡ Ac©Y Kwi bv| D¤§‡Zi Dci Avj−vn wK diR Rvwb bv, Zv wK! Ae‡k‡l
M. H [Avivd-42] K‡i‡Qb?Õ Avwg ejjvg, Ô50 Avgv‡K †e‡n‡¯— cÖ‡ek Kiv‡bv
N. QybœZv gvb-- Zvnexjv| Iqv³ bvgvR|Õ wZwb ej‡jb, n‡jv Avwg †`wL †mLv‡b gy³vi
[17:ewb-BmªvBj-77] A_©: ÔAvcbvi i‡ei wbKU wd‡i hvb, gvjv Ges †mLvbKvi gvwU
AZx‡Zi mKj bex‡`i †¶‡ÎI †Kbbv Avcbvi D¤§Z G bvgvR K¯‘ix|Õ
wQj GKB mybœZ [weavb]| Zzwg Av`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ ÔAvwg
KLbI Avgvi mybœ‡Z †Kvb wd‡i †Mjvg, Avj−vn 5 Iqv³ [nvw`m m~Î: 8| K) †evLvix, 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„;
cwieZ©b cv‡e bv| ev` K‡i w`‡jb| Zvici Avevi 353,354]
O. dvjvb ZvwR¡`v-- Zvnexjv| gyQvi wbKU wd‡i G‡m ejjvg,
[35: dvwZi-43] A_©: Zzwg 5 Iqv³ Kg K‡i w`‡q‡Q|Õ wZwb [D‡j−wLZ 9wU AvqvZ‡KB nvw`mwU wg_¨v cÖwZcbœ K‡i; we¯—
Avj−vni mybœ‡Z [weav‡b KLbI wZwb cybivq ej‡jb, ÔAvevi vwiZ Av‡jvPbv Ôk‡e †gÕivRÕ Aa¨vq ewY©Z n†q‡Q]
†Kvb i`-e`j cv‡e bv| Ges hvb †Kbbv Avcbvi D¤§Z Zv
Avj−vi mybœ‡Z KLbI †Kvb Av`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ ÔAvwg †Kvivb nvw`m
e¨wZµgI cv‡e bv| Avevi wd‡i †Mjvg| Avj−vn 9| Bqv AvBqy nvj−vRxbv-- we: `ª: AvqvZwUi wei“‡× †Kvb
P. Bbœvj−v-nv-- gxÕAv` [3: Avevi 5 Iqv³ gvd K‡i ZvK¡zjyb| [4: wbQv-43] A_©: nvw`m msM„nxZ nq wb; KviY
Bgivb-9] A_© : Avj−vn KLbI w`‡jb| Avwg Avevi gyQvi wbKU †n f³MY! †Zvgiv gvZv‡ji gZ gymwjg we‡k¦i 99% kZvsk
Aw½Kvi f½ K‡ib bv| wd‡i Avmjvg|Õ wZwb Avevi bvgv‡R †hI bv| hZ¶Y bv †jv‡K Rv‡b †h, Qyiv dv‡Znvi
ej‡jb, ÔAvevi wd‡i hvb| eyS‡Z cv‡iv hv †Zvgiv bvgv‡R c‡i †h †Kvb Qyivi Ab¨yb 3wU
†Kbbv Avcbvi D¤§Z G-I ejQ| AvqvZ Ave„wZ Ki‡jB bvgvR
Av`vq Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ ÔAvwg h_vh_ Kv‡qg nq| Rvbv ev
Avevi †Mjvg|Õ [Giƒc 9evi †evSvi `iKvi †bB|
Avmv hvIqv K‡ib]| †kl-‡gk
Avj−vn e‡jb, ÔcvP Iqv³, GUvB Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi mijv_© bv K‡i eis Dnvi kv‡b-
50 Iqv³ ; Avgvi K_vi bo-Po bRyj A_©vr Rb¥ BwZnvm iPbv K‡i mvavi‡Yi gwZåg
nq bv|Õ ÔAvwg Avevi gyQvi Kivi †Póv K‡i‡Q †h, GK`v nhiZ Avjx [iv] g` †L‡q
wbKU wd‡i †M‡j, †m Avevi gvZvj Ae¯’vq bvgvR co‡Z wM‡q AgyK Qyiv Ave„wZ Ki‡Z
49

wM‡q ZgyK Qyiv Ave„wZ K‡iwQ‡jb| ZLb GB AvqvZ bvwRj Zvnv‡K †Kqvg‡Zi w`b kvw¯—
nq; AZtci g` nvivg nIqvi AvqvZ bvwRj nq| myZivs †`qv n‡e Ges [wZi¯‹vi I agK
G AvqvZwU mvavi‡Yi gvbvi `iKvi nq bv| g~jZ w`‡q] ejv n‡e, †h AvK…wZ Zzwg
AvqvZwUi kv‡b bRyj hvB-B †nvK, †h Kvi‡YB bvwRj evwb‡qQ Zvi g‡a¨ Rxeb `vI!Ó
†nvK, Dnvi g~j welqe¯‘ n‡jv: bvgv‡R hv ejv nq Dnv bv L. Avãyj−vn Be‡b Igi (iv)
Rvbv, bv †evSv ch©š— bvgv‡R hvIqv wbwl× †NvlYv K‡i‡Q| †_‡K ewY©Z: GK`v nhiZ
we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv ÔbvgvRÕ Aa¨vq ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| wReªvBj (Av) nhi‡Zi wbKU
†Kvivb nvw`m †Kvb GK wbw`©ó mgq mv¶vZ
10| BqvÕgvjybv jvû-- 10| K. wewe Avqkv [iv] eY©bv Kivi Aw½Kvi Ki‡jb| wKš‘
Bevw`Bqvk¦vKzi| [34: mvev-13] K‡ib: wZwb GKwU Mw` ev †mB wbw`©ó mgq wZwb
A_©: Zviv ˆZix Ki‡Zv Avmb µq K‡i M„‡n ivL‡jb| Avm‡jb bv| nhiZ M„n †_‡K
[†Qvjvqgv‡bi [Av] ] cQ›`gZ ivQyj [mv] M„‡ni `iRvq †ei n‡q Avm‡jb, ZLb
eo eo AÆvwjKv, eo eo g~wZ©, †cŠQ‡jB Zvi `„wó Dnvi Dci wRweª‡ji mv‡_ mv¶vZ n‡jv|
nvI‡Ri b¨vq e„n`vKvi cvÎ Ges cwZZ n‡jv| wZwb M„‡n cÖ‡ek nhiZ Zvi cÖwZ gb ¶zYœZvi
my`„pfv‡e ¯’vwcZ e„n`vKvi †WM Ki‡jb bv, `iRvq `vuwo‡q K_v D‡j−L Ki‡jb| wRweªj
wbg©vY Ki‡Zv| Avwg e‡jwQjvg, _vK‡jb| †µv‡a Zvi †Pnvivi ej‡jb, ÒAvgiv KLbI cÖ‡ek
†n `vD` cwievi! K…ZÁZvi eY© cwieZ©xZ n‡Z jvM‡jv| Kwi bv, †h M„‡n Qwe _v‡K Ges
mwnZ †Zvgiv KvR Ki‡Z _vK| Avqkv [iv] ej‡jb, Avwg H M„‡nI bv †h M„‡n KzKzi
Avgvi ev›`vw`‡Mi g‡a¨ mvgvb¨ AviR Kijvg ¯^xq †Mvbvn& _v‡K|Ó
msL¨KB K…ZÁ _v‡K| †_‡K Avj−vni `iev‡i ZIev M. QvB` Ge‡b Aveyj nvmvb
KiwQ, Avgvi Kmyi wK n‡q‡Q? [iv] eY©bv K‡ib: GK`v Avwg
nhiZ ej‡jb, ÒGB Mw`wU Avãyj−vn Ge‡b AveŸv‡mi [iv]
†Kb?Ó Avwg AviR Kijvg, wbKU †Mjvg| GK e¨w³ Zvi
Avcwb Dnvi Dci em‡eb Ges wbKU Dcw¯’Z n‡jv Ges
weQvbviƒ‡c e¨envi Ki‡eb,GB ej‡jv, Ò†n Aveyj AveŸvm!
D‡Ï‡k¨ µq K‡iwQ| ivQyj Avwg GKRb `wi`ª †jvK;
ej‡jb, ÒZzwg wK Rvb bv? †h Avgvi RxweKv wbe©v‡ni GKgvÎ
N‡i Qwe _v‡K †m N‡i †d‡i¯—v Dcvq n‡jv Avgvi n¯— wkí,
[ing‡Zi] cÖ‡ek K‡i bv? †h Avwg Qwe G‡Ku _vwK|Ó Be‡b
N‡i Qwe _v‡K, †h e¨w³ Qwe AveŸvm e‡jb, ÒAvwg †Zvgv‡K
[G‡Ku ev †h‡Kvb Dcvq] evbv‡e Ggb GKwU nvw`m †kvbv‡ev, hv
50

Avwg wbR Kv‡b ivQy‡ji [mv] a‡g©i bvgvR, †ivhv, n¾, RvKvZ, mg¯— †gŠwjK-†hŠwMK
gy‡L ï‡bwQ-†h e¨w³ Qwe ˆZix A_©vr diR-QybœZ hveZxq ag©Kg© A_©vr †gvmjgvwbZ¡ eiev`
Ki‡e, Avj−vn †Kqvg‡Zi w`b n‡q hvq| Ggb GKwU weavb Bmjv‡gi me©‡kªô I me© cÖavb ¯—
Zvnv‡K H Qwei g‡a¨ AvÍv ¤¢ bv nIqvi KviY inm¨ve„Z| cyivKv‡j Qwe I g~wZ© msewjZ
†`qvi Av‡`k Ki‡eb| wKš‘ †m nvw`m¸wj gv‡V-Nv‡U IqvR-gvnwd‡j AwZ ¸i“Z¡ mnKv‡i
[AvÍv w`‡Z m¶g bv nIqv eqvb Kiv n‡Zv| Ggb wK hv‡`i N‡i Qwe _vK‡Zv, KzKzi
ch©š— kvw¯— w`‡Z _vK‡eb] Dnvi _vK‡Zv, †m N‡i Bgvg Av‡jgMY `vIqvZ Keyj Ki‡Zb bv;
AvÍv w`‡Z KLbI m¶g n‡e Zv‡`i RvbvhvqI †h‡Zb bv|
bv|Ó GB nvw`m ï‡b H e¨w³ nvw`mwU Pig weZwK©Z I ev¯—e weewR©Z| KviY g~gyl©
wkD‡i DV‡jv, Zvi †Pnviv †ivMxi N‡i ev Mjvq KzKzi, gvby‡li Qwe Szwj‡q ivL‡j
Ri` n‡q †Mj| Be‡b AveŸvm †ivM Z_v Riv g„Zz¨i AvksKvB _v‡K bv; G mg¯— ev¯—e,
[iv] ej‡jb, Òhw` G KvR hyw³m½Z Ges RwUj cÖkœ †_‡K AvÍi¶vi Rb¨ kvqLMY
Ki‡Z PvI, Z‡e Rx‡ei Qwe bv nvw`‡mi h_v¯’v‡b eªv‡K‡U Ôing‡ZiÕ kãwU e¨envi K‡i
Gu‡K e„¶vw`i Qwe Gu‡Kv|Ó _v‡Kb| A_©vr ing‡Zi †d‡i¯—v cÖ‡ek K‡ib bv| wKš‘
N. hviv gymjgvb bvg aviY Kiv Bgvg †evLvixi g~j MÖ‡š’ Dwj−wLZ eªv‡K‡Ui Ôing‡ZiÕ
m‡Ë¡I bexi Av‡`k cvjb bv kãwUi †Kvb Aw¯—Z¡ †bB; ZvQvov L bs nvw`‡m ewY©Z
K‡i Ab¨ wg_¨v I fzj a‡g©i wReªvBj wK ing‡Zi ‡d‡i¯—v bq? Ggb cÖ‡kœi h_vh_ DËi
AbymiY K‡i; Zv‡`i †P‡q †`qvi kw³-mvnm wek¦ kwiq‡Zi †bB e‡j P¨v‡jÄ Kiv
nZfvMv Avi †bB| nhiZ bex hvq| cÖKvk _v‡K †h, ivQy‡ji evYxi m‡½ wKQy ms‡hvRb
[mv] e‡j‡Qb, Ò†h evwo‡Z ev ev ms‡KvPb nvivg Z_v Rvnvbœvgx †R‡bI kª‡×q kv‡qL-
†h N‡i KzKzi _vK‡e ev Qwe Avj−vgvMY G nvivgx KvRwU eûKvj hver K‡i Avm‡Qb|
_vK‡e, †m Ni Ges †m evwo eZ©gvb gymwjg we‡k¦i D”P c`¯’ 99% kZvsk bv‡q‡e
Avj−vni ing‡Zi Lvm †d‡i¯—v ivQyjMY hveZxq ag©-Kg© ee©vr K‡i, ciKvj fy‡j wM‡q
P‡j hv‡e GB me nvw`m †_‡K Qwe Zz‡j cvm‡cvU© enb K‡i †`k-we‡`‡k Qwo‡q
Qwe AvuKv, Qwe ivLv Ges KzKzi c‡o‡Qb; gvÎ `yÕ‡Uv cqmvi †jv‡f| evKx 1% kZvsk
cvjv nvivg cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q| cvm‡cvU© ˆZix K‡i we‡`‡ki Avkvq ¯^-¯^ †`‡k Awb`ªv
[nvw`m m~Î: 10| K,L): †evLvix, 3q I 6ô LÛ; AvwR. nK; hvcb Ki‡Qb| Avi ZvB IqvR bwQn‡Zi avivI cv‡ë
c„: 283; 256 ; M) †evLvix, 2q LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:234; †M‡Q| g‡bi fz‡jI Qwe msµvš— nvw`m¸wj eqvb K‡ib
N) †e‡n‡¯—i †RIi, Av. Avjx _vbfx] bv| GgZve¯’vq †KD Zv‡`i ïaiv‡Z †M‡j ÔRxeb euvPv‡bv
cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi `„wó‡Z Qwe †Zvjv, Qwe AvuKv, g~wZ© diRÕ nvw`mwU Xvj ¯^iƒc e¨envi K‡ib [Aek¨ H evYxwU
evbv‡bv hveZxq KvRmg~n nvivg| g~wZ© I Qwei Kvi‡Y Bmjvg we‡kl wec‡` f¶Y welq cÖ‡hvR¨, Ab¨ †Kvb welq bq]
51

ejv wb®cÖ‡qvRb, Zviv wb‡RivI wek¦vm K‡ib †h, evÂbxq e‡U! †Kviv‡bi evYx Kw_Z nvw`m w`‡q KZ©‡bi
cvm‡cvU© ˆZix bv Ki‡j, cÎ-cwÎKvq, bó ivRbxwZi e¨_© †Póv Kiv nvivg Z_v Kzdzix| KviY: Ò†Kvivb
†cvóv‡i Qwe bv Qvc‡j Aek¨B Zviv gi‡Zb bv| G‡`i‡K †gvZv‡eK hviv wb‡`©k †`q bv, wePvi gxgvsmv K‡i bv,
ïaivevi †Póv Ki‡j, ÔAv‡jg mgvRÕ bv‡gi †k−vMv‡b ZvivB Kv‡di, dv‡QK I Rv‡jg|Ó [5:gv‡q`v-44-49]|
GKwÎZ n‡q Zv‡K ÔgyiZv`Õ †NvlYv K‡ib| Aci c‡¶
nvw`mwU gnvbexi bv‡g wg_¨v Acev` ej‡j, nvw`m †Kvivb nvw`m
A¯^xKvi Kivi `v‡q Zvi cÖKv‡k¨ duvwmi `vex Ki‡e bZzev 11| AAvwZ¤§yj nv¾v-- 11| K. †h e¨w³ hyjwn¾vi Puv`
†`k Z¨v‡M eva¨ Ki‡e| c¶vš—‡i mvaviY AmvaviY kvwn`yj BK¡ve [2:evKviv-196] †`‡L Ges Kzievbx Kivi B”Qv
cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvbyl RxweZ ev g„Z ¯^ ¯^ evc-`v`v, ¯¿x-cyÎ, A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni D‡Ï‡k¨ iv‡L †m †hb Kzievbx bv Kiv
AvÍxq-¯^Rb, cxi-†Kejv‡`i Qwe AwZ h‡Zœ ¯^-¯^ ü`‡q n¾ I Dgiv c~Y© Ki, wKš‘ ch©š— Zvi bL, Pzj, †jvg bv
†h aviY K‡i Av‡Qb Zv fv½vi Dcvq wK! ïay ZvBB bq †Zvgiv hw` evav cÖvß nI Z‡e Kv‡U| †m †hb Zvi bL, Pzj
bex-ivQyj,kvqL, Av‡jg-Avj−vgvmn Ggb †Kvb gvbyl †bB mnRjf¨ Kzievbx KwiI| †h ¯úl© bv K‡i|
hvi ü`‡q ïKi-KzKz‡ii Qwe AvuKv wQj bv ev †bB! ch©š— Kzievbxi cï Dnvi ¯’v‡b L. hviv †Kvievbxi cï msMÖn
g~jZ Qwe AvuKv, Qwe †Zvjv, g~wZ© ˆZix BZ¨vw` bv †cuŠ‡Q †Zvgiv gv_v gyÛb Ki‡Z bv cv‡i, Z‡e 10w`b
†Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI wewa wb‡la †bB| eis G¸wji e¨envi KwiI bv| †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ hw` a‡i ivLv Pzj I bL KuvUv I †Muvd
†Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z ¯^xK…Z| c¶vš—‡i, evsjv‡`k †Kn cxwoZ nq ev gv_vq †K¬k PvQv Ges bvfxi bx‡Pi †jvg
BgjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K Ab~w`Z †Kviv‡bi dzU‡bv‡U _v‡K Z‡e †ivhv wKsev m`&Kv PvQv Kzievbxi mgZ‚j¨ n‡e|
wj‡L‡Qb,Ò ÔZvgvwQjvÕ eûePb, ÔZvgvwQjÕ GKePb A_©: A_ev Kzievbxi Øviv Dnvi
fv¯‹h©, g~wZ©| nhiZ †mvjvqgv‡bi [Av] kwiq‡Z Bnv ˆea wd`&qv w`‡e| hLb †Zvgiv
[nvjvj] wQj; kwiq‡Z †gvnv¤§w`‡Z ˆea [hv‡qR] b‡n|Ó [`ª: wbivc` n‡e ZLb †Zvgv‡`i
†Kvivb: c„: 693; dzU‡bvU bs 56] g‡a¨ †h e¨w³ n‡¾i cÖv°v‡j
we‡k¦i mKj †gvm‡jgMYB Rv‡bb †h, ag© wcZv nhiZ Dgiv Øviv jvfevb n‡Z Pvq,
Beªvnx‡gi [mv] Avgj †_‡K nhiZ †gvnv¤§` [mv] ch©š— mKj †m mnRjf¨ Kzievbx Ki‡e|
bexi gva¨‡gB g~wZ© cyuRv, g~wZ©‡K mªóv ev Avj−vn Ávb Kiv wKš‘ hw` †Kn Dnv bv cvq Z‡e
Kzdzix Z_v nvivg †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ gvby‡li Kj¨v‡Y, Zv‡K n‡¾i mgq 3w`b Ges
cÖ‡qvRb-AcÖ‡qvR‡b A_ev e¨emvq ev m‡L g~wZ© evbvb, M„‡n †divi ci 7w`b GB c~Y©
Qwe AvuKv, Qwe †Zvjv nvivg e‡j †Kvb †KZv‡eB †NvwlZ 10w`b †ivRv cvjb Ki‡Z
nq wb| eis Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z hv‡qR [‰ea] e‡j cÖgvY n‡e| Bnv †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨,
K‡i| ÔnhiZ †mvjvqgv‡bi kwiq‡Z Dnv hv‡qR wQjÕ Dnv hv‡`i cwiRbeM© gmwR`yj
hLb †Kvivb w`‡qB cÖgvwbZ, ZLb kwiq‡Z †gvnv¤§w`‡Z nviv‡gi evwm›`v bq| Avj−vn‡K
G‡m nVvr K‡i nvivg n‡jv! Zv †Kvivb w`‡qB cÖgvY Kiv fq Ki Ges †R‡b ivL †h,
52

Avj−vn g›` Kv‡Ri cÖwZdj K‡i‡Qb, hviv Zv †Mvcb iv‡L I wewbg‡q Zz”Q
`v‡b K‡Vvi| g~j¨ MÖnY K‡i, Zviv wb‡Ri †c‡U Av¸b e¨ZxZ
[nvw`m m~Î: 11| K I L: gymwjg, †gkKvZ,Avey `vD`, Ab¨ wKQyB f‡i bv| †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Avj−vn Zv‡`i
bvQvC; cÖh‡Zœ: gvwmK `vi“m mvjvg, c„:11, 3q el©, gvP© mv‡_ K_vI ej‡eb bv Ges cweÎI Ki‡eb bv|
2001; m¤úv`K:†gv: kwid †nv‡mb, 34, gvwj‡Uvjv Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q wefrm kvw¯—| ZvivB mr c‡_i
†ivW,(5g Zjv) XvKv-1100, †dvb bs-955 7214] wewbg‡q åvš— c_ Ges ¶gvi cwie‡Z© kvw¯— µq
nvw`m `yÕwUi we¯—vwiZ mgv‡jvPbv wb®úª‡qvRb| a‡g©i K‡i‡Q; Av¸b mn¨ Ki‡Z Zviv KZBbv ˆah¨©kxj!
Ab¨Zg cÖavb Bev`Z †Kvievbx| GB †Kvievbx ag© wcZv Bnv GB †nZz †h Avj−vn& mbvZb wKZve AeZxY©
nhiZ Beªvnx‡gi [mv] AvÍwemR©‡bi AwMœcix¶v nq ¯^xq K‡i‡Qb Ges hviv wKZve m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` m„wó
JimRvZ mš—vb nhiZ BmgvB‡ji [mv] Rxe‡bi wewbgq| K‡i‡Q wbðqB Zviv `y¯—i gZ‡f‡` i‡q‡Q|
GB gnvb AZzjbxq HwZnvwmK me©‡kªô Z¨v‡Mi cwigvY I N. nhiZ b~‡ni [mv] A½xKvi: ABqv KvDgx--
cwigvc Kiv nq bL, Pzj, †gvQ Avi †hŠb †jvg PvQvi Avgvby| [11:û`-29] A_©: †n Avgvi m¤cÖ`vq!
m‡½!! Bnvi cwie‡Z© Avwg †Zvgv‡`i wbKU ab m¤ú`
* PvB bv| Avgvi cvwikªwgK Avj−vni wbKU|
O. nhiZ û‡`i [mv] A½xKvi: Bqv KvDgx jv--
19 ag©-K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_© MÖnY nvivg ZvÕwK¡jyb| [11: û`-51] A_©: †n Avgvi
m¤cÖ`vq! Avwg Bnvi cwie‡Z© †Zvgv‡`i wbKU
12 K. Ajv-ZvmZvi“ weAv-Bqv-wZ Qvgvbvb Kvwjjvb, †Kvb gRywi PvB bv| Avgvi cvwikªwgK ZviB
ABqv-Bqv dvËvK¡zb| [2: evKviv-41] A_©: wbKU whwb Avgv‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb| †Zvgiv wK
Avgvi Avqv‡Zi wewbg‡q mvgvb¨ g~j¨I †Zvgiv ZeyI eyS‡Z †Póv Ki‡e bv?
MªnY KwiI bv| †Zvgiv ïay Avgv‡KB fq Ki| P. nhiZ Qv‡jnÕi [mv] A½xKvi: Agv-AvQ
L. dv- ABjyj−vRxbv-- wg¤§v BqvKwQi“b| AvjyKzg--Avjvgxb| [26: ïqviv-145] A_©:
[2:evKviv-79] A_©: myZivs `y‡f©vM Zv‡`i Rb¨, Avwg †Zvgv‡`i wbKU Bnvi Rb¨ †Kvb cvwikªwgK
hviv wbR nv‡Z †KZve iPbv K‡i Ges Zz”Q g~j¨ PvB bv| Avgvi gRywi RMZmg~‡ni cÖwZcvj‡Ki
cÖvwßi Rb¨ e‡j, ÔBnv Avj−vni wbKU †_‡K wbKU i‡q‡Q|
cÖvß|Õ Zv‡`i nvZ hv iPbv K‡i‡Q Zvi Rb¨ Q. nhiZ jy‡Zi [mv] Aw½Kvi: Agv-AvQAvjyKzg-
kvwš— Zv‡`i Ges hv Zviv DcvR©b K‡i, Zvi Rb¨ - Avjvgxb| [26:ïqviv-164] A_©: Bnvi Rb¨
kvw¯— Zv‡`i| Avwg †Kvb gRyix PvB bv| Avgvi gRyix
M. Bbœvj−vRxbv--gv--AvRveyb Avjxg| Djv-B RMZmg~‡ni cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU i‡q‡Q|
Kvj−vRxbv--bvi|--evC`| [2:evKviv- R. nhiZ †kv‡q‡ei [mv] A½xKvi: Agv-
174,175,176] A_©: Avj−vn †h wKZve bvwRj AvQAvjyKzg--Avjvgxb| [26: ïqviv-180] A_©:
53

Avwg Bnvi Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU †Kvb g~j¨ PvB bv| ag©-Kg© †bkv n‡Z cv‡i bv, †ckvI n‡Z cv‡i bv|
bv| Avgvi gRywi RMZmg~‡ni cÖwZcvj‡Ki G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡b cwi¯‹vi ûwkqvwi :
wbKU i‡q‡Q| 1. jv Ajv Bqvb nvûg-- Bqvmbv Dbv| [5: gv‡q`v-63]
S. nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] A½xKvi: A_©: Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY †Kb Zv‡`i cvc K_v I
K. Agv-ZvQAvjyûg -- Avjvgxb| [12:BDmyd- nvivg f¶‡Y wb‡la K‡i bv ? eis BnvivI hv K‡i
104] A_©: Ges Zzwg Zv‡`i wbKU ‡Kvb gRywi [e‡j Ges Lvq] BnvI wbK…ó|
`vex KwiI bv| Bnv‡Zv wek¦RM‡Zi Rb¨ Dc‡`k 2. Bqv AvBqy¨nvj jvhxbv -- Avjxwgb| [9: ZIev-34]
gvÎ| A_©: †n f³MY [mveavb] Av‡jg-`i‡ek‡`i g‡a¨
L. K¡zj! gv AvQAvjyKzg -- gyZvKvwj−wdb| [38: mv`- A‡b‡KB gvby‡li ab-m¤úwË Ab¨vqfv‡e f¶Y Ki‡Q|
86] A_©: ej! Avwg Bnvi Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU Ges Avj−vni c_ †_‡K weåvš— Ki‡Q| hviv ¯^Y©-†iŠc¨
†Kvb cvwikªwgK PvB bv| Ges hviv wg_¨v `vex K‡i Rgv K‡i iv‡L, Avj−vni c‡_ e¨q K‡i bv Zv‡`i
Avwg Zv‡`i `jf‚³ bB| K‡Vvi kvw¯—i msev` `vI|
M. Djv-BKv j−vRxbv-- jxj Avjvgxb| [6: c¶vš—‡i, Dwj−wLZ AmsL¨ Avqv‡Z eRªKwVY ûwkqvix
AvbAvg-90] A_©: Zv‡`i‡KB [bex‡`i‡KB] _vKv m‡Ë¡I bvgv‡R UvKv, wgjv‡` UvKv, Rvbvhvq UvKv,
Avj−vn mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡i‡Qb| myZivs Zzwg IqvR gvnwd‡j UvKv, d‡Zvqv cÖ`v‡b UvKv, we‡q cov‡Z
Zv‡`i c_ AbymiY Ki; ej! Bnvi Rb¨ Avwg UvKv, Zvjv‡K UvKv, gmwR`, gv`ªvmv, gvRv‡i UvKv,
†Zvgv‡`i Kv‡Q †Kvb gRywi PvB bv| Bnv‡Zv ïay cx‡ii Av¯—vbvq UvKv! UvKv Qvov a‡g©i PvKv G‡Kev‡iB ¯—
wek¦RM‡Zi Rb¨ Dc‡`k gvÎ| ä! e³v‡`i e³e¨, welqe¯‘ KvjvKvj‡f`x GK I Awfbœ
N. K¡zj! j−v Av-AvQvjyKzg AvjvB‡n-- Bbœvj−vnv _vKv m‡Ë¡I Zv‡`i AvKvi-AvK…wZ Ges myi-Zvj,
Mvdzi“b mvKzi“b| [42: ïiv-23] A_©: ej! Avwg cwiwPwZ Ges ¯^ I `jxq †NvwlZ †LZv‡ei ZviZg¨ †nZz
Bnvi wewbgq †Zvgv‡`i KvQ †_‡K †cÖg- gRywi ev nvw`qviI ZviZg¨ nq| eZ©gv‡b Avš—
fv‡jvevmv I ˆmnv`©¨c~Y© e¨envi e¨ZxZ Ab¨ R©vwZKfv‡eI mgv‡Ri Kw_Z D”Pc`¯’ AwaKvsk cxi-
†Kvb gRywi PvB bv| †h DËg KvR K‡i Avwg Zvi Av‡jgMY fvov Lv‡Ub| G mKj Av‡jg cxiMY Dwj−wLZ
Rb¨ Kj¨vY [ingZ] ewa©Z Kwi| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj AvqvZ¸wj Rv‡bb Ges ey‡Sb| wKš‘ †R‡b ï‡bB Zv †Mvcb
¸YMÖvnx| †i‡L wewbgq g~j¨ MÖnY K‡i _v‡Kb! nvivg‡K Ag„Z g‡b
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K ag©-K‡g©i wewbgq gRywi ev nvw`qv K‡i f¶Y K‡i _v‡Kb| hw`I Zviv Rv‡bb †h, Zviv Av¸b
MÖnY P‚ovš— nvivg| GgbwK †Qnv‡QËvi g‡a¨ A_© MÖn‡Yi Lv‡”Qb Ges †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Avj−vn Zv‡`i m‡½ K_vI
c‡¶ GKwU gvÎI nvw`mI †bB| c¶vš—‡i cqmv Qvov ej‡eb bv, cweÎI Ki‡eb bv|
hveZxq ag©-Kg© m¤ú~Y© APj| Zvj-‡e-G‡jg †_‡K ïi“ Ab¨w`‡K GK‡kªYxi A_© †jvfx e¨emvqxMY Kw_Z
K‡i cx‡i Kv‡gj, MvDm KzZze, Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï`, Av‡jg, gydwZ‡`i fvov LvwU‡q Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g
gydZx, kvqL, Avj−vgvMY cqmv e¨ZxZ †KnB ag©-Kg© K‡ib gbMov eB cy¯—K iPbv K‡i GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emvq wjß
54

i‡q‡Qb| gmwR‡`i †Kvivb, N‡ii DuPz Zv‡Ki †Kvivb K‡i ag© e¨emvqxMY UvKvi cvnvo Mo‡Qb| cÖKvk _v‡K †h,
AvR dzUcv‡Z gvby‡li cv‡qi Kv‡Q ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q, `yÕ†Uv ag© wk¶v †¶‡Î e¨wZµg; KviY ag©-Kg© wk¶v Avi ag©-Kg©
cqmvi av›`vq| b‡fj-Dcb¨v‡mi gZB `i `vg KlvKwl Kiv `yÕ†Uvi Avjv`v cÖK…wZ I welqe¯‘ e‡U! Z`ªƒc
K‡iB Zv wKb‡Z eva¨ nÕ‡Z nq| Ôg~‡j¨Õi ¯’‡j †jLv _v‡K †ckv`vix ag©-Kg© Avi ¯^Ztù‚Z© ag©-Kg© GK ev mggv‡bi
Ônvw`qvÕ A_©vr evsjv Ôg~j¨Õ kã nvivg, Aviwe Ônvw`qvÕ kã n‡Z cv‡i bv|
nvjvj! wKš‘ gvQ=†Mv¯—, bvUK-Dcb¨vm gZB `i KlvKwl AwaKvsk gmwR`, gv`ªvmv M‡o I‡V e¨emvwfwËK,
K‡iB wKb‡Z nq| we‡kl K‡i we‡`‡ki cÖ‡Z¨KwU gmwR‡`i bv‡gi †k‡l
m¤¢eZ 2002 mv‡ji NUbv : mg¯— evOvwji Rvbv Av‡Q ÔBbK&Õ A_©vr e¨emv †K‡›`ªi bgybv Av‡Q| cweÎ gmwR‡`i
†h, wbDBq‡K©i †Kvb GK gmwR‡`i Bgvg R¨vKmbnvBUm cÖavb e¨emv n‡jv RbwaK…Z A‰ea Av`g e¨emv, hvi GKwU
Gi iv¯—vi cv‡k dzUcv‡Z ag©xq eB weµq Ki‡Z wM‡q Zv cÖgvY Aš—Z †`qv `iKvi:
jvB‡mÝ wenxY A‰ea †f‡e cywjk jvwÌ †g‡i †d‡j †`q, gmwR` wfwËK ¯úb&mi †K‡j¼vix
Zvi g‡a¨ †KvivbI wQj Ges mivmwi †Kviv‡bi DciI gmwR` wfwËK ¯úb&mi wfmv dª‡Wi Rb¨ MZ 22 †m‡Þ¤^i
jvwÌ gv‡i| eyaevi g¨vbnvUvb †dWv‡ij †KvU© wbDBqK© gmwR‡`i Bgvg
†Kvivb wK Ab¨ eB Zv cywj‡ki †Zv Avi Rvbvi K_v I cwiPvjK gvIjvbv Lwjj‡K †`vlx mve¨¯— K‡i‡Q| GB
bq! ZvQvov wLª÷vb cywj‡ki Kv‡Q †Kvivb I mvaviY cy¯— cwiPvjK A‰ea‡`i Rb¨ kZ kZ fyqv ag©xq wfmv †mvk¨vj
‡Ki †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB| myZivs Zv‡K †`vl †`qv hvq bv| wmwKDwiwU KvW©-Gi wewbg‡q bM` A_© nvZwo‡q wb‡q‡Q|
wKš‘ H Bgvg my‡hv‡Mi mبenvi K‡i ÔL„óvb cywjk gynv¤§` Lwjj bv‡g GB cwiPvjK Bwg‡MÖkb mvwf©‡mm
†Kviv‡bi Dci jvwÌ †g‡i‡QÕ GB wekvj PxrKv‡i evOvwj wiwjwRqvm IqvK©vi †cÖvMÖvg-Gi gva¨‡g fyqv cÖvq 200
I cvwK¯—vbx‡`i R‡ov K‡ib Ges mw¤§wjZ cÖwZev‡`i A‰ea‡`i‡K ¯úb&mi K‡i‡Qb--| [`ª: mvßvwnK †`‡k
gy‡L, kvw¯— i¶vi LvwZ‡i wkw¶Z cywjk ¶gv †P‡qwQj e‡U! we‡`‡k; KvbvWv, 30 †k †m‡Þ¤^i,2004]
wKš‘ jvwÌ †Zv Avi wdwi‡q †bqv m¤¢e nq wb. †Kvivb †_‡K Avi ZvB gmwR`, GgbwK bvgvR †ivhv wb‡q SMov-
Ry‡Zvi ay‡jvI wZj cwigvY L‡m c‡o wb! GB AcÖxwZKi dvQv`, gvivgvwi, gvgjv-gK`©gv †j‡MB _v‡K! †`k †_‡K
NUbv NUvi g~‡j wQj `y‡Uv evowZ Avq, ag© bq| we‡k¦i cjvqYvMZ KwZcq e¨w³ a‡g©i bv‡g Avš—R©vwZK wf¶v
K‡qK wewjqb gymjgv‡bi cweÎ †Kviv‡bi Dci c`vNvZ ms¯’v M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb| †`k we‡`k †_‡K GwZg‡`i †mevi
coj GKRb Bgv‡gi evowZ Ges nvivgx Av‡qi Kvi‡Y; bv‡g †d`xqv, RvKvZ, †Kvievbx cïi Pvgov wf¶v K‡i
gymjgvbMY GB A¯ú„k¨ ag© e¨emvqx Bgv‡gi c¶ n‡q evwo-Mvwo, †eZb-fvZv ‡fvM-wejvm K‡ib| GK †kªYxi
wb‡`©vl cywj‡ki wei“‡× cÖwZev` K‡i‡Q! wKš‘ GKRb `vjvjMY k‡eÕ eiv‡Zi gImy‡g MÖvg-MÄ †_‡K †bsov,
Av‡jg ev †gvm‡jg g‡bi fy‡jI Bgvg‡K GB e‡j agK jyjv, AvZzi, AÜ, weKU, A‡jŠwKK AvK…wZ-cÖK…wZ wewkó
w`j bv †h, Ò†n bivag! gymwjg RvwZi Kj¼! †Kb Zzwg wf¶zK‡`i fvov K‡i wewfbœ gmwR`, †Mvi¯’v‡b R‡ov K‡i
cweÎ †Kvivb‡K wLª÷vb‡`i c`Z‡j ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qv?Ó abx‡`i Kv‡Q †Qvqv‡ei e¨emv K‡ib, Bmjv‡gi †Nvi
AevK nIqvi K_v- Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji K_v-evYx weµq we‡ivax wf¶ve„wËi B›`b †hvMvb|
55

†Mvov ag©vÜ, cÖPwjZ kwiqZ gv‡bB †Kvivb wei“×; Av‡Q| eZ©gv‡b Zviv wK Lv‡”Qb! Gi cwiYwZ wK! ZvÕI
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj AvswkK mv¶¨ gvÎ G‡`i AvPvi Dc‡ivwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z mnR-mijfv‡e ewY©Z n‡q‡Q; A_©vr
AvPiY, a‡g©i bv‡g K_v-Kg© †`k Z_v Bmjvg‡K we‡k¦i g`, ïK‡ii gvs‡mi †P‡qI nvivg f¶Y Ki‡Qb,Av¸b
`iev‡i c‡` c‡` weZwK©Z I †nq cÖwZcbœ K‡i Pj‡Q| Lv‡”Qb Ges Zv †R‡b ï‡bB| Avc‡`-wec‡` †Kvb
bvgvR cov‡Z I co‡Z Bgvg hv Rv‡bb, gymj−xMYI Zv Dcvqvš—i bv _vK‡j mvgwqKfv‡e nvivg †NvwlZ g`,
Rv‡bb; Bgv‡gi hZUzKz mgq bó nq, gymj−x‡`iI ZZUzKz ïK‡ii gvsm LvIqvi my‡hvM w`‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b wKš‘ ag©-
mgq bó nq| gymj−x‡`i bvgvR cov diR, Bgv‡giI ZvB| K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_© MÖn‡Yi my‡hvM Kw¯§bKv‡jI †Kvivb
wKš‘ Bgvg Zvi bvgvR weµq K‡ib, gyQj−xMY Zv K‡ib bv| †`q wb| bvgvR †k‡l ûRiv Lvbvq e‡m e‡m fzwi e„w×
gyQj−x‡`i bvgv‡Ri PvIqv-cvIqv Avj−vni Kv‡Q, c¶vš—‡i AZtci gmwR` gv`ªvmvi Znwej I KZ…©Z¡ wb‡q N„Y¨ lohš¿
Bgv‡gi bvgv‡Ri PvIqv cvIqv gyQj−x‡`i c‡KU ch©š—| Kivi AwaKvi a‡g© †`qwb| eis bvgvR †k‡l gv‡V-Nv‡U
†eZb eÜ Z_v BgvgwZI eÜ! cqmvi wewbg‡q wZwb Qwo‡q c‡o nvjvj i“wRi mÜv‡bi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Q,
bvgvR covb, wKš‘ wb‡Riv bvgvR c‡ob bv! A_©vr Avj−vni gyQj−xMY hv K‡i _v‡Kb:
`iev‡i wZwb †e-bvgvRx bq‡Zv! dvBRv-K¡zwØ-AvwZ”Qvjv-wZ-- Zzdjxûb| [62:
BgvgMY AvRvb w`‡Z ‡eB¾wZ I N„Yv‡eva K‡ib| Rygyqv-10] A_©: bvgvR mgvß n‡j gv‡V Nv‡U Qwo‡q co‡e,
gmwR` cqcwi¯‹vi ivL‡Z j¾v‡eva K‡ib, ZvB gyqvw¾b Ges Avj−vni †bqvg‡Zi mÜvb Ki‡e--|
Av‡Qb| wZwb gmwR` †`Lvïbv, cq-cwi¯‹vi iv‡Lb, mb¥vwbZ Av‡jg BgvgMY e¨w³MZfv‡e GRb¨ `vqx bv
AvRvb w`‡q gyQyj−x R‡ov K‡ib; AZtci Bgvg mv‡ne n‡jI kwiqZx mgvR e¨e¯’v †h Zv‡`i eva¨ K‡i‡Q GB
5/10 wgwb‡Ui Rb¨ bvgvR covb! gyqv¾xb AÁvZ Kvi‡Y †PZbv‡eva Zv‡`i G¶‡Y D`q nIqv DwPr Ges h_vh_
BgvgwZi A‡hvM¨, ZvB wZwb BgvgwZi my‡hvM cvb bv; e¨e¯’vi Rb¨ †mv”Pvi nIqv DwPr|
GKw`b cvb, †h w`b Bgvg mv‡n‡ei evowZ †ivRMvi a‡g©i wewbg‡q hviv cqmv Lvq, Zv‡`i AbymiY Kiv
wgjv‡`i `vIqvZ _v‡K| †Kviv‡b cwi¯‹vi nvivg ev wbwl× †NvlYv K‡i‡Q:
ivQyj I Zuvi QvnvevMY ag© wk¶v I cÖPv‡i wb‡R‡`i BËvweD-- gyn&Zv`yb| [36: BqvQxb-21] A_©: AbymiY
†kl m¤^jUzKz e¨q K‡i wbt†kl n‡q‡Qb| c¶vš—‡i Ki Zv‡`i, hviv †Zvgv‡`i wbKU †_‡K †Kvb gRywi MÖnY
AvR‡Ki kwiqZ ag©-K‡g©i wewbg‡q A_©-m¤ú‡`i cvnvo K‡i bv Ges mr c_cÖvß|
I ivRKxq cÖvmv` M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb| cxi AveŸvRvb, Bgvg BgvgwZ ev mgv‡Ri †bZ…Z¡ H e¨w³i Rb¨ whwb
Iqv‡qRxb‡`i †Qvqve ZrbM`; c¶vš—‡i gyQj−x‡`i, Afvenxb I cÖK…Zc‡¶B ag©fxi“ Ges Kg©fxi“; ag©-K‡g©i
wkl¨‡`i †Qvqve g„Zz¨i c‡i! A_©vr Revew`wnZvi c_ wewbg‡q hviv A_© MÖnY Ki‡Z nq bv Ges K‡ib bv|
c~‡e©B eÜ K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| Afvex, †jvfx, wb¯‹g©v †ckv`vix avg©xK‡`i BgvgwZ ev
f³‡`i aviYv ûRyi †Kejv Lv‡eb wK! cÖkœwU Avj−vni †bZ…‡Z¡i AwaKvi †bB| mK‡jiB ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi †h
wb‡`©‡ki Dc‡i AbwaKvi I Kzdzwi PP©v e‡U! Zviv wK ag©-Kg© ev †Qvqve weµ‡qi e¯‘ bq,ZvB †KbvI m¤¢e bq|
Lv‡eb Avi wK Lv‡eb bv Zv †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z †Kvivb nvw`m
56

13| BbœvKv jv ZzQwgDj 13| Avãyj−vn Ge‡b Igi eY©bv †h, ÔGUv nvivg, IUv nvjvj|
gvIZv--gy`weDbv|[28: bgj- K‡ib: ivQyj [mv] giv jvk¸wji hviv Avj−vni cÖwZ wg_¨v‡ivc
80,81;iƒg-52,53] cÖwZ DwK w`‡q ej‡Z jvM‡jb- K‡i Zviv mdjKvg n‡e bv|Õ
A_©: wbðqB Zzwg g„Z‡`i‡K -| H mgq nhiZ Igi [iv] (N) AjvIZvKveŸvjv-AZxb|
ïbv‡Z cvi‡e bv-- AÜ, ej‡jb, ÔBqv ivQyjvj−vn! [69:nvK¡v-44-47]A_©:†m hw`
ewai‡KI bq| Avcwb g„Z e¨w³‡`i mv‡_ K_v Avgvi bv‡g †Kvb K_v iPbv
ej‡Qb? hv‡`i †Kvb kªeY kw³ Ki‡Zv Z‡e Aek¨B Zv‡K a‡i
†bB|Õ bex DËi w`‡jb, ÔZviv Zvi Nv‡oi wkiv †K‡U
†Zvgv‡`i gZB kªeY K‡i wKš‘ †djZvg|
DËi †`Iqvi kw³ †bB|Õ [nvw`m myÎ: 14| (Avey `vD`) †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK;
[nvw`m m~Î: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 351] gyLe›`,c„: 9]

†Kvivb nvw`m 15|(K)Avnv‡mevbœvmy-- 15| (K) nhiZ Dev`v web


14| K. K¡yj! gvBqvKzby-- 14| ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, †n- BDdZvbyb| [ 29: AvbKveyZ- Qv‡gZ (iv) e‡jb, Avwg
AvwRg| [10: BDbym-15] A_©: gymjgvb! mZK© _vK: †m hyM 2] A_©: gvbyl wK g‡b K‡i †h, ivQyj‡K Giƒc ej‡Z ï‡bwQ, †h
ej! wbR †_‡K Bnv e`jv‡bv `~‡i bq †h hy‡M Ggb me ÔAvgiv Bgvb G‡bwQÕ GK_v e¨w³ Giƒc †NvlYv K‡i †h,
Avgvi mva¨vZxZ | Avgvi cÖwZ †jv‡Ki Avwef©ve n‡e hviv ej‡jB Zv‡`i cix¶v bv ÔAvj−vn e¨ZxZ †Kvb gvey` †bB
hv Awn nq Avwg ïay ZvBB †g‡b †Muv‡d †Zj †g‡L †Zvgv‡`i K‡iB †Q‡o †`qv n‡e? Ges †gvnv¤§` Avj−vni ivQyjÕ
Pwj| Avwg Avj−vni Aeva¨ n‡j g‡a¨ cÖPviYv Pvjv‡e †h, †Kvivb Zvi Rb¨ Avj−vn †`vh‡Li Av¸b
gnv w`e‡m Avgvi Avhve kix‡di g‡a¨ hZUzKz nvivg- nvivg K‡i‡Qb| Zvi Avgj hv-
Awbevh©| nvjvj D‡j−L Av‡Q ZZUzKzi B _vKzK bv †Kb|
L. Bqv AvBqynvbœvweD! -- DciB Avgj Ki| bex [mv] (L) Awgbvbœv‡Q-- ‡e-gy‡gbxb| (L) nhiZ Imgvb web Avddvb
jvKv| [66: Zvnixg-1] A_©: †n e‡jb, ûwmqvi! Avwg mZK© K‡i [2:evKviv-8] A_©: Ges gvby‡li (iv) e‡jb, Ô ivQyj [mv]
bex! Avj−vn hv †Zvgvi Rb¨ hvw”Q- †Zvgiv wbwðZiƒ‡c g‡a¨ GgbI Av‡Q hviv e‡j †h e‡j‡Qb, Ô†h e¨w³ GB wek¦vm
nvjvj K‡i‡Qb, Zzwg Zv nvivg †R‡b ey‡S ü`½g K‡i ivL †h, ÔAvgiv Avj−vi cÖwZ I ciKv‡j wb‡q g‡i †h Avj−vn e¨ZxZ
Ki‡Qv †Kb? Avj−vni ivQyj A_©vr Avwg †h wek¦vmxÕ A_P Zviv wek¦vmx bq| †Kvb gvey` †bB †m †e‡n‡¯—
M. Ajv ZvKzjy--jv e¯‘‡K nvivg e‡j †NvlYv Kie, hv‡e|Õ
BDd‡jûb| [16: bvnj-116] DnvI Hiƒc nvivgB MY¨ hv nvivg [nvw`m m~Î: gymwjg; nv. bs- 25, 32,33]
A_©: wg_¨v ejv †Zvgv‡`i ¯^fve nIqvi †NvlYv †Kvivb kwi‡d *
wKš‘ Avj−vni Dc‡i wg_¨v‡ivc Av‡Q|
K‡i †Zvgiv KLbI ewjI bv 20 Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g wg_¨v fq fxwZ I †jvf cÖ`k©b
57

GgbwK †RbvKvixiI ¸bv gvd nq| 10. †ivhv ivL‡Z bv


1. †Kvivb mPivPi QyB‡jB †`vhL| 2. †Kviv‡bi c„ôv cvi‡j ïay BdZvwi Ki‡jI c~Y© gv‡mi †ivhvi †Qvqve nq|
Ly‡j ivL‡j †`vhL| 3. †Kvivb mvaviY eB cy¯—‡Ki wb‡P 11. n¾ Ki‡jB Rxe‡bi mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 12. B`yj
ivL‡jB †`vhL| 4. ARy Qvov co‡jB †`vhL| 5. cov AvRnvi bvgvR co‡j mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 13. B`yj
Ae¯’vq Aa:evqy QyU‡jB †`vhL, i³, cuyR †ei n‡jB wdZ‡ii bvgvR co‡j mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 14. AgyK AgyK
†`vhL| 6. nv‡qR-†bdvQ I Rybywe Ae¯’vq ¯úk© Ki‡jB AvqvZ Rc‡j mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 15. evevRvb †Kejvi
†`vhL|7. my‡ii †ni‡di n‡jB †`vhL| 8. cÖkªv‡ei AYy wkl¨Z¡ MÖnY Ki‡j wc‡Qi mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 16. gmwR‡`
Kvc‡o jvM‡jB †`vhL| 9. ‡ckvev‡š— wj½ a‡i hvi hZ `vb Ki‡j nvm‡ii gv‡V gmwR` IKvjwZ K‡i| 17. Z…òv_©
eqm ZZ K`g bv nvU‡j Abvw`Kvj hver †`vh‡L R¡j‡Z KzKzi‡K cvwb LvIqv‡j †e‡n¯— bwQe nq; wKš‘ KzKzi N‡i
n‡e| 10. †Mvovjxi wb‡P A_ev nuvUzi Dc‡i Kvco DV‡jB ivL‡j †d‡i¯—v cvwj‡q hvq| 18. Bn Rxe‡bi †kl evK¨
†`vhL| 11. †Kvivb eyS‡Z PvB‡j evovevoxi ARynv‡Z K‡jgv kvnv`Z co‡j mg¯— ¸bv gvd n‡q †e‡n¯— bwQe
†`vhL| 12. GK Iqv³ bvgvR Kvhv Ki‡j 80 ûeŸv nq| 19. RvKvZ w`‡j mg¯— nvivg DcvR©b nvjvj nq| 20.
(Abvw`Kvj) †`vh‡L R¡j‡Z n‡e| 13. weQvbvq ¯^vgxi Avïivi †ivhv ivL‡j GK erm‡ii ¸bv LvZv gvd nq| 21.
Wv‡K ¯¿x mvov bv w`‡j †d‡i¯—vMY mvivivZ Awfkvc †`q, †Kvievbxi cïi Pvgov, †jvg, Lyi I wks nvm‡ii gv‡V
AZ¨vPvi K‡i, †`vh‡L wbw¶ß n‡e| 14. cwðgg~Lx IKvjwZ K‡i| 22. nv‡dR‡`i †Pnviv †gveviK gvÎ
cvqLvbv-‡ckve Ki‡jB †`vhL| 15. Qvnvev‡`i, GgbwK GKevi †`L‡jB Zvi Rxe‡bi mKj QMxiv ¸bv [ †QvU
nhiZ Igi, Avjx, Imgvb LyYx‡`i, Pµvš—Kvix gyqvweqv, cvc] gvd n‡q hvq| 23. es‡k GKwU gvÎ nv‡dR _vK‡j
LyYx GwR`, gviIqvb‡`iI LyYx cÖZviK ej‡jB †`vhL †m es‡ki mK‡jiB †e‡n¯— bwQe nq| G¸wj wj‡L †kl
wbN©vr BZ¨vw` wjL‡Z †M‡j GKLvwb wek¦‡Kvl ˆZix nq| Kivi mva¨ Kv‡iv †bB|
[nvw`m m~Î: †Qnv-‡QËv ev kwiqwZ Av‡jg‡`i mvnvh¨ wbb] [nvw`m m~Î: †Qnv-‡QËv ev kwiqwZ Av‡jg‡`i mvnvh¨
†jvf cÖ`k©b wbb|]
1. †Kvivb co‡j, ïb‡j, co‡Z bv Rvb‡j GgbwK nvw`m †dKnvi e‡`Šj‡Z †gvm‡jg RvwZ hZB Ab¨vq,
Avs¸j †U‡b †M‡jI ivkx-ivkx †Qvqve nq| 2. nid ev AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi, e¨vwfPvi, †Rbv Ki“K; Nyl, my`, Pzwi,
eY© cÖwZ `k¸Y †Qvqve| 3. K‡jgv ˆZqev co‡jB †e‡n¯— WvKvwZ, wQbZvB, ivnvRvwb, wg_¨v, cÖeÂYv; hv B‡”Q ZvB-
bwQe nq| 4. jvBjvZzj K`‡ii iv‡Îi bvgvR co‡jB B Ki“K; Zv gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨ ay‡q gy‡Q cyZ cweÎ n‡q hvIqvi
mKj ¸bvn gvd I †e‡n¯— bwQe nq| 5. 27kv †ivhv AZ¨š— ms‡¶c gbMov cš’v iPbv K‡i mgMÖ RvwZ‡K
ivL‡jB c~Y© gv‡mi †ivhv ivLv nq| 6. Zvivex bvgvR ee©iZvi Nb AÜKv‡i wbgw¾Z K‡i‡Q|
co‡j mKj ¸bv LvZv gvd nq †e‡n¯— bwQe nq| 7. mwVK *
IRy K‡i, mwVK 2 ivKvZ bvgvR co‡j mKj ¸bv gvd I
†e‡n¯— bwQe nq| 8. iv¯—vq c‡o _vKv Mv‡Qi Wvjv mwi‡q 21 Av‡iv wKQy †Kvivb wei“× nvw`m
†dj‡j Rxe‡bi mKj ¸bv gvd nq| 9. wµZ`vm gy³ Ki‡j
58

1. Aveyhi [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ÒGK`v GK‡Î †e‡n‡¯—i `iRv AwZµg Ki‡e| Zv‡`i †Pnviv
Avgvi wbKU Avj−vni Zid †_‡K GK we‡kl `~Z G‡m c~wY©gvi Puv‡`i b¨vq D¾¡j _vK‡e| [`ª: †evLvix, 3q
GB mymsev` †NvlYv w`‡jb †h, †h e¨w³ g„Zz¨ ch©š— LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 286]
†k‡iKx ¸bvn †_‡K cvK cweÎ _vK‡e †m e¨w³ 5. D¤§yj Avjv [iv] e‡jb, ZLb Avwg g„Z Imgvb Be‡b
†e‡n‡¯— hv‡e|Ó [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvwR. nK, gRDb [iv] Gi cÖwZ j¶ K‡i ejjvg, †n Avey Qv‡qe!
c„:317] Avwg Avcbvi R‡b¨ mv¶x w`w”Q Ges kc_ K‡i ejwQ
bvgvR, †ivhv, n¾ I RvKvZ BZ¨vw` hveZxq ag©- Avj−vn Avcbv‡K m¤§vwbZ Ges †e‡n¯—evmx K‡i‡Qb|
K‡g©i Avi wK cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q!! †k‡iKx Qvov `ywbqvi [Bj−xb wQw¾‡bi nvw`m¸wj Zv‡`i Rvbv wQj bv?]
hveZxq Ab¨vq-Aciva Kivi AwaKvi †cj †gvm‡jg GZ`kªe‡Y bex Avgv‡K ej‡jb, ÔZzwg wKfv‡e
RvwZ! Avi Gi `vq-`vwqZ¡ Avj−vni bexi Nv‡oB wbwðZiƒ‡c Rvb‡j †h, †m †e‡n¯—evmx?Õ Avwg AviR
Pvwc‡q‡Q ! G RvwZ AatcZ‡b hv‡e bv †Zv hv‡e Kijvg, Avcbvi Rb¨ Avgvi gvZv-wcZv DrmM©, Bqv
†Kvb RvwZ! ivQyjvj−vn! G e¨w³ †e‡nw¯— bv n‡q Avi †K †e‡n¯—
2. Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, †Kvb evmx n‡e! Z`yˇi ivQyj [mv] ej‡jb, ÔwbwðZiƒ‡c
†gvmjgv‡bi 3wU wkï mš—vb gviv †M‡j H wkï‡`i mwVK AeMwZ GB e¨w³iB jvf n‡q‡Q| Ges AvwgI
cÖwZ `qv ciek n‡q Avj−vn H e¨w³‡K [wkïi AvkvKwi, †m Lye fv‡jv †c‡q‡Q|Õ AZtci nhiZ
wcZvgvZv] †e‡nš— `vb Ki‡eb| GKRb ¯¿x‡jvK [mv] kc_ K‡i ej‡jb ÔAvwg Avj−vni ivQyj, Z_vwc
wRÁvmv Ki‡jv, `ywU mš—vb gi‡j? ivQyj DËi Avwg ej‡Z cvwi bv †h, Avgvi cÖwZ Avj−vn wKiƒc
w`‡jb, `ywU mš—vb gi‡jI †e‡n‡¯— hv‡e| wewe Avqkv e¨envi Ki‡eb|Õ [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:
cÖkœ Ki‡jb, GKwU mš—vb gi‡j? ivQyj DËi Ki‡jb, 318]
GKwU mš—vb gi‡jI †e‡n¯— bwQe n‡e:| [`ª: †evLvix, 6. Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: GK`v mvnvexMY GKwU
1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 353] RvbvRvi wbKU w`‡q hvw”Q‡jb, Zviv g„Z e¨w³i
3. Avey †nvivqiv †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ¯^vgx hw` cÖksmv Ki‡jb| bex [mv] ej‡jb, wba©vwiZ n‡q
¯^xq ¯¿x‡K weQvbvq Wv‡K Ges ¯¿x hw` Zv‡Z wM‡q‡Q| AZtci Ab¨ Avi GKwU RvbvRvi wbKU
Am¤§wZ cÖKvk K‡i, hÏi“b ¯^vgx Amš‘wói mwnZ w`‡q Pjvi mgq QvnvexMY g„Z e¨w³i wb›`v Ki‡jb|
ivwÎ hvcb K‡i, Z‡e †mB ¯¿xi ivwÎ Ggb Ae¯’vq GeviI bex [mv] ej‡jb, wba©vwiZ n‡q †M‡Q|
AwZevwnZ nq †h, †d‡i¯—vMY †fvi ch©š— mvivivZ AZtci Igi wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, wK wba©vwiZ n‡q
Zvnvi cÖwZ jvÕbZ I Awfkvc el©Y K‡ib| [`ª: wM‡q‡Q? bex [mv] ej‡jb, cÖ_g g„‡Zi cÖwZ †Zvgiv
†evLvix, 3q LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 284] cÖksmv K‡i‡Qv, †m Abyhvqx Zvi Rb¨ †e‡n¯— wba©vwiZ
4. mvnj Be‡b mvÕ` [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: bex [mv] e‡j‡Qb, n‡q‡Q| wØZxq g„Z‡K †Zvgiv Lvivc e‡j‡Qv| †m
Avgvi D¤§Z †_‡K 70 nvRvi gZvš—‡i 70 j¶ Abyhvqx Zvi †`vRL wba©vwiZ n‡q‡Q| †Kvb †gvm‡jg
[Abygvb e‡U!] †jv‡Ki GKwU `j †e‡n‡¯— hv‡e hviv g„Z e¨w³i c‡¶ PviRb †jvK Zvi mr ev e` mv¶x
59

`vb Ki‡e, Avj−vn Zv‡K wVK †m Abyhvqx †e‡n¯— ev GKwU evMv‡bi wbKU w`‡q hvw”Q‡jb| Z_vq wZwb
†`vhL `vb Ki‡eb| Avgiv wRÁvmv Kijvg, hw` 3 `yÕwU Ke‡ii ga¨ †_‡K Keievmx‡`i weKU PxrKvi
Rb mv¶x nq? bex [mv] ej‡jb, ZeyI| hw` 2 Rb kã ïb‡Z †c‡jb| Zv‡`i kvw¯— †`qv nw”Qj| wZwb
mv¶x nq?--ZeyI| AZtci Avgiv 1 Rb mv¶xi ej‡jb, ÔG Keievmx‡`i AvRve †`qv n‡”Q; Zv
welq wRÁvmv Kwi wb| [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvwR. hw`I †Kvb KwVY Kv‡Ri Rb¨ b‡n, Z‡e †Mvbvn AwZ
nK; c„: 343] eo wQj| GK e¨w³ cÖmªve †_‡K mZK©Zv Aej¤^b
7. Avgi Be‡b gvBgyb [iv] e‡jb, byeyqv‡Zi c~‡e© GKUv Ki‡Zv bv| wØZxq e¨w³ †PvMjLyix Ki‡Zv|Õ GB e‡j
evbi e¨vwfPvi Kivq A‡bK evbi †mLv‡b mg‡eZ wZwb GKwU †LRy‡ii Wvjv `yB LÛ K‡i `yB Ke‡i
n‡q Zv‡K iRg [e¨vwfPvix‡K cv_i gviv] Ki‡jv| †M‡o w`‡jb| GK e¨w³ AviR Ki‡jv, Giƒc †Kb
AvwgI Zv‡`i m‡½ †hvM w`‡q iRg Kijvg| [ `ª: Ki‡jb? nhiZ [mv] DËi w`‡jb,Ô Avwg Avkv Kwi
†evLvix, †gv¯—dv PwiZ, AuvKivg Luv, †gŠRy nvw`m Wvjv `yÕwU ïK&bv bv nIqv ch©š— Zv‡`i AvRve
Aa¨vq] Avj−vni Zid †_‡K jvNe Kiv n‡e|Õ [`ª: †evLvix,
8. ivQyjvj−vn e‡j‡Qb, †e¸Y me©‡iv‡Mi g‡nŠla| [`ª: 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 137]
H] 12.Avmgv web‡Z AveyeKi [iv] eY©bv K‡ib, GKw`b
9. nhiZ Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, ivQyj [mv] e³…Zv Ki‡Z `uvwo‡q Ke‡ii gvbyl‡K †h
hLb g„Z e¨w³‡K Ke‡i ivLv nq Ges ke evnKMY KwVY cix¶vi m¤§yLxb n‡Z n‡e, †m m¤ú‡K© eY©bv
`vdb Kvh© mgvß K‡i Zvi wbKU †_‡K †divi c‡_ †`b| hLb wZwb eY©bv w`‡jb ZLb Ke‡ii AvRv‡ei
iIqvbv nq gvÎ| GgbwK ZLbI Zvi GZUzKz mwbœK‡U fqvenZv ï‡b gymjgvbMY PxrKvi K‡i DV‡jb|--
†h, †mLvb †_‡K Zvi cv`yKvi kã KY©‡MvPi nq; AZtci Zv‡K [Ke‡ii g‡a¨] †jvnvi ¸R© Øviv fxlY
GgZve¯’vq g„Z e¨w³i wbKU `yB Rb †d‡i¯—v G‡m AvNvZ Kiv n‡e [H ¸R© Øviv cvnvo‡K AvNvZ Ki‡j
jvk‡K DwV‡q emvb Ges cÖkœ K‡ib: K. †Zvgvi Dnv evjyKv ¯‘‡c cwiYZ n‡Zv]| AvNv‡Zi †Pv‡U †m
Avj−vn †K? L. Kvnvi e‡›`Mx K‡i‡Qv? M. †Zvgvi ag© GZeo PxrKvi K‡i DV‡e, hv Zvi Avk cv‡ki
wK? N. Zzwg †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] cÖwZ wek¦vm G‡bwQ‡j? mK‡j [eis `ywbqvi GKcÖvš— †_‡K Aci cÖvš— ch©š—
Zzwg wKfv‡e Rvb‡Z †h, †m †gvnv¤§` [mv] Avj−vni mK‡jB] ïb‡Z cvIqvi †hvM¨| Aek¨ gvbyl I R¡xb
ivQyj? [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 348] RvwZ Zv kªeY K‡i bv--| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR.
10. Avey AvBqye [iv] eY©bv K‡ib, GK`v bex [mv] weKvj nK; c„: 350-352]
†ejv åg‡Y †ei n‡jb| cw_g‡a¨ GK cÖKvi kã ï‡b gvwU‡Z MZ© K‡i giv ev jvk †hLv‡b ivLv nq; DnvB
ej‡jb, GK Bûw`‡K Ke‡i kvw¯— †`qv n‡”Q [Bnv cÖPwjZ fvlvq Kei| Dwj−wLZ nvw`m¸wj‡Z Kei AvRve
DnviB kã]| [ `ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. nK; m¤^‡Ü †h mKj fq fxwZ cÖ`k©b Kiv n‡q‡Q, Dnv †mB
c„:352] Kei, gvRvi ev †Mvi|
11. nhiZ Be‡b AveŸvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z: GK`v bex [mv] jvk ev gi‡`n BU-cv_i, gvwUi wXjv, cwiZ¨³ Rvgv-
60

Kvco A_ev RyZv ev GKwU cwiZ¨³ I cyiv‡bv Mvwoi m‡½ `„wó‡Z GK RwUj mgm¨v ewjqv cwiMwYZ| GB mgm¨vi
Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i ev‡n¨i mgvavbI GB †h, H me nvj BnRM‡Zi mgvwa¯’j MZ©
m‡½| Lv`¨-Lv`K MÖnY Kivi c‡i †hgb evn¨ Z¨vM Kwi, b‡n-- Ó [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK;c„: 347]
g„Zy¨ MÖnY K‡i †Zgwb †`n Z¨vM Kwi| †`n bk¦i, Rxeb Zv¾‡ei welq †h Dc‡i ewY©Z 9,10,11 I 12 bs
Awebk¦i| GB Rxeb ev AvÍv †`‡n _vK‡Z A_©vr nvw`m¸wj kvqL AvwRRyj nK wb‡RB Abyev` K‡i‡Qb!
RxweZve¯’vq †`‡ni gva¨‡g GB AvÍvB Kg©¸‡b myL-`y:L AZtci wb‡RB G¶‡Y A¯^xKvi Ki‡Qb!
Abyfe ev †fvM K‡i _v‡K; †`n bq| e¯‘Zc‡¶ †`‡ni g~jZt Kei AvRv‡ei nvw`m¸wj m¤^‡Ü nK mv‡n‡ei
wbR¯^ †Kvb mË¡v‡eva †bB; RxweZ _vK‡ZI bq, g„Zz¨i wbR¯^ Dw³wU wb‡Ri Bgv‡bi wei“× n‡jI f³‡`i cÖkœev‡b
c‡i‡Zv bqB| GB AvÍvB Awbevh© Kvi‡Y †`n Z¨vM Kivi A_ev we‡e‡Ki Zvobvq, KwVY ev¯—eZvi wb‡®úl‡Y †Kvb
ciI AZxZ eZ©gvb Kg©¸‡b Zvi djv dj †fvM K‡i MZ¨vš—i bv †c‡q, ¯^-we‡ivax Dw³wU Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb|
_v‡K| AZGe, GB gvÎ †`n Z¨vM Kiv AvÍv‡K gvÎ 4wU ej‡Z wK! GiciI wZwb Ò†Kvivb †hgb mZ¨, nvw`mI
cÖ‡kœi Rb¨ Ke‡i cwiZ¨v³ jv‡ki g‡a¨ XzwK‡q QIqvj Z`ªƒc mZ¨; wbfy©j, m‡›`n †bB BZ¨vw`Ó c‡_-Nv‡U,
RIqv‡ei eqvb iv¶m-†Lv°‡mi M‡íi gZB| †Kvivb gmwR`-gvnwd‡j, eB cy¯—‡K Rxebfi KQg †L‡q Pj‡Qb|
Z_v ev¯—eZvi m‡½ Zvi †Kvb wgj †bB| ZeyI hw` †Kn KviY GUzKzB Zvi †ckv`vix ag© wk¶vi GKgvÎ c~uwR| Avi
nvw`m¸wj wek¦vm Ki‡Z Pvb Z‡e m`¨ Ke‡ii cv‡k GKwU ZvB e‡jB †evLvixi e½vbyev` K‡i Dnvi gRywi [QIqve]
KzKzi, weovj ev gyiMx †e‡a †i‡L cix¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ib| cÖPzi A_© Avq K‡i‡Qb †Zv e‡UB Z`ycwi †e‡n¯— wbwðZ
nvw`‡m ewY©Z jv‡ki PxrKvi gvbyl I R¡xb Qvov evwK Ávb K‡i, Zvi giûg Rb¥`vZv‡KI Dnvi Askx`vix‡Z¡i
mK‡jB hLb ïb‡Z cvq! ZLb †`Lyb KzKzi ev weovjwU `wjj K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`; AvwR. nK;
jv‡ki PxrKv‡i nvU©‡dj K‡i wKbv A_ev `wo wQ‡o cvjvq 1g LÛ, ¸Riv‡qk Aa¨vq;c„: 6] c¶vš—‡i gnv bexI G‡nb
wKbv A_ev mvgvb¨UzKz I cÖwZwµqv j¶¨ Kiv hvq wKbv!! GB AwaKvi ev `vexi KvÛ-Ávb Ki‡Z mvnm cvbwb; Avi
mvgvb¨ cix¶vUzKz K‡i wb‡j †Mvi AvRv‡ei f‡q Ges wZwb fwel¨r Rvb‡Zb bv Ges Abygvb wfwËK K_v ej‡Zb
nvw`m mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶vi Rb¨ 2 ivKvZ bdj bvgvR I bv|
G‡¯—Lvivi cÖ‡qvRb nÕ‡Zv bv| [GKwU NUbv: cÖKvk _v‡K †h, 1986 mv‡j [w`b, ZvwiL
cÖK…Zc‡¶ Kei AvRve m¤^‡Üi nvw`m¸wj KvíwbK g‡b †bB] Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwU [f`ª hye ms¯’v] XvKvi
I wg_¨v fq cÖ`k©b K‡i g~L© gvbe‡`i a‡g©i †mevq Awd‡m ¯’vbxq gmwR‡`i R‰bK Bgv‡gi †bZ…‡Z¡ dwi`vev`
wb‡qvwRZ Kivi gvb‡m Wvnv wg_¨v iwPZ| nvw`m f³, gv`ªvmvi cÖvq †`o kZ ag©vÜ DMÖcwš’ QvÎMY Avgv‡K †g‡i
nvw`‡m kvqL Rbve AvwRRyj n‡Ki Dw³B Dnvi P~ovš—I †Qvqve nvwm‡ji Rb¨ ms¯’vi Awdm †NivI K‡i wKš‘
cÖK…ô cÖgvY: Ò-- g„Zz¨i ci QIqvj-Reve BZ¨vw`i ¯’vb Avgv‡K bv †c‡q Awdm †f‡½Pz‡i ZQbQ K‡i; AZtci
Kei ewj‡Z mgvwa ¯’j MZ© D‡Ïk¨ b‡n-- GZw™¢bœ g„Z †Wgiv _vbvq Awf‡hvM Ki‡j, cywjk G‡m cÖvq 50 Rb
e¨w³‡K Ke‡i †d‡i¯—vMY KZ©„K DVv‡bv emv‡bv Ges g„Z hyeK †gvj−v‡`i a‡i wb‡q Av‡m| _vbvi I. wm G Avµg‡Yi
e¨w³i PxrKvi BZ¨vw`i nvj Ae¯’vi eY©bvmg~nI mvaviY KviY wRÁvmv Kivq QvÎMY Awf‡hvM K‡ib †h, ÔD³
61

ms¯’vi m`m¨MY nvw`m gv‡b bv Ges ivQyj `uvwo‡q cÖmªve mgy`ª ZxieZ©x iv¯—vq cvVv‡jb Ges Avey Ievq`v‡K
K‡i‡QbÕ e‡j Ac-cÖPvi K‡iÕ BZ¨vw`| [e¯‘Zc‡¶ [iv] Avgxi ev cÖavb KZ©viƒ‡c wbhy³ K‡i w`‡jb|
Ô`uvwo‡q cÖmªveÕ m¤^wÜq welqwU Zv‡`iB ¯^xK…Z †evLvix ˆmb¨ `‡ji msL¨v wZb kZ wQj Ges AvwgI Zvnv‡`i
nvw`‡miB eqvb Ges ¯^qs Rbve AvwRRyj nKB nvw`mwUi g‡a¨ GKRb wQjvg| cw_g‡a¨B Avgv‡`i Lv`¨ NvUwZ
e½vbyev` K‡i‡Qb; [†`Lyb: AÎ cy¯—‡Ki Ônvw`m msMÖ‡ni †`Lv w`j| ZLb Avgv‡`i Avgxi Avey Ievq`v [iv]
BwZnvm I Zvi mgv‡jvPbvÕ Aa¨vq]| AZtci _vbvi R‰bK Av‡`k Ki‡jb, cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki wbKU hv wKQy Lv`¨ e¯‘
`v‡ivMvi mfvcwZ‡Z¡ h_v mg‡q GKwU ev‡n‡mi [weZK© Av‡Q me GKÎ Kiv †nvK| ZvB Kiv nj Ges `yB e¯—v
mfv] Av‡qvRb K‡ib| D³ mfvq DMÖev`x QvÎMY Dwj−wLZ †LRyi gIRy` nj| AZtci wZwb ¯^qs cÖwZw`b Aí
AvwRRyj nK mv‡ne‡K Zv‡`i c‡¶ fvov K‡i Av‡bb| Aí K‡i Lv`¨ Avgvw`M‡K e›Ub K‡i w`‡Z
mfvq Rbve AvwRRyj nK P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o w`‡q †NvlYv †`b jvM‡jb| GZ`&m‡Ë¡I Zv cÖvq wbt‡kl n‡q Avmj,
†h, Ò†Qnv †QËvi GKwU nvw`m wg_¨v cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvi‡j GgbwK Avgiv gv_vwcQy gvÎ GKwU Lyigv cvw”Qjvg|
GK j¶ UvKv cyi¯‹vi w`eÓ e‡jB Dˇii A‡c¶v bv NUbv eY©bvKvix Rv‡ei‡K [iv] GK e¨w³ wRÁvmv
K‡iB Zr¶Yvr mfv Z¨vM K‡ib| Ki‡jv, gvÎ GKwU Lyigvq GKwU †jv‡Ki wK nZ ?
c~e© cÖKvwkZ Ôms¯‹viÕ cÖš’wU we¯^¯’ m~‡Î Zvi nv‡Z Rv‡ei [iv] ej‡jb, hLb H GKwU n‡ZI ewÂZ
nv‡Z †cuŠQv‡bv n‡q‡Q (Aa¨vcK †Mvjvg AvRg, gv. _vK‡Z nj ZLb H GKwUiB g~j¨ †eva nj|
†`jIqvi †nv‡mb‡KI (mvB`x)) wKš‘ AÁvZ Kvi‡Y AvRI BwZg‡a¨B Avgiv mgy‡`ªi wbK‡U †cuŠ‡Q mgy`ª Zx‡ii
Zviv bxie i‡q‡Qb| nK mv‡ne‡`i cwifvlvq Ô†gŠbZv A`~‡i GKwU weivU evjyP‡ii b¨vq †`Ljvg| Avgiv
m¤§wZi j¶Y, ÔAZGe wZwb wK ¯^‡NvwlZ Iqv`v f½ K‡i Dnvi wbKU Dcw¯’Z n‡q †`L‡Z †cjvg, Dnv GKwU
j¶ UvKvi †`bv gv_vq wb‡q g„Zz¨ eiY Ki‡eb! bv Ôms¯‹viÕ weivUKvq grm; hvnvi bvg ÒAv¤^i|Ó cÖ_‡g
ev D³ MÖ‡š’i †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡eb! GUv Zvi wbR¯^ Cgvb- Avgv‡`i Avgxi Dnv‡K GKwU g„Z Rxe e‡j †L‡Z
AvwK`vi welq| m¤cÖwZ Ôms¯‹viÕ ev‡Rqvß Kivi wcQ‡b BZ¯—Z Ki‡jb| AZtci wZwb Avgvw`M‡K ej‡jb,
Zv‡`i nvZ _vK‡j GUvB cÖgvwYZ †h Ôms¯‹viÕ Gi Bnv †L‡Z wØav‡eva Kivi KviY †bB, †h‡nZz Avgiv
†gvKv‡ejvq Zviv civwRZ n‡qB N„Y¨ loh‡š¿i Avkªq iQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−v‡gi †cÖwiZ †jvK
wb‡q‡Qb|] Ges Avj−vni iv¯—vq evwni n‡qwQ| GZw™¢bœ †Zvgiv
* mK‡jB Lv`¨vfv‡e AwZkq KvZi n‡q c‡o‡Qv, ZvB
†Zvgiv Bnv †L‡Z cvi| †mLv‡b Avgv‡`i `xN© GK
22 me©Kv‡ji me©e„nr gvQwU [giv gvQ nvjv‡ji nvw`m ] gvmKvj Ae¯’vb Ki‡Z nj| Avgiv wZb kZ ˆmwbK
`xN©Kvj ch©š— H grmwUB †L‡ZwQjvg, GgbwK H grm
13. Rv‡ei [iv] eY©bv K‡i‡Qb, GK mgq imyjyj−vn LvIqvi d‡j Avgv‡`i kixi †gvUv-ZvRv n‡q †Mj|
Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg GK `j ˆmb¨‡K Avgiv Dnvi †Pv‡Li MZ© †_‡K m~h© Zv‡c MwjZ ˆZj
†Kviv‡qk‡`i GK `j ewY‡Ki cðv™¢veb Kivi Rb¨ Kjm f‡i f‡i DVvZvg Ges GZ GZ Kjm [Abyev`K
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P¶z j¾vq Kj‡mi msL¨v wj‡Lb wb] DwV‡q wQjvg| wQj bv| Z‡e, nu¨v! c‡_-Nv‡U Avc‡`-wec‡` ¶zavi
GK`v Avgv‡`i †mbvcwZ Avgxi Avey Ievq`v [iv] Zvobvq GKgvÎ Rxeb i¶vi ZvwM‡` †Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ ïay
Avgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 13 Rb †jvK‡K 13wU Kjmmn giv Rxe-Rš‘B bq eis †h †Kvb nvivge¯‘ f¶Y Kivi
Dnvi †Pv‡Li M‡Z©i g‡a¨ bvwg‡q w`‡jb| Ab¨ AbygwZ Av‡Q, †mB `„wó‡KvY †_‡K nvw`‡m Dwj−wLZ
GKw`b wZwb Dnvi GKwU cuvR‡ii KuvUv DwV‡q KvíwbK gvQwU Qvnvev‡`i Øviv fw¶Z nIqvq †`v‡li wKQy
ai‡jb Ges Avgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K me©vwaK `xN©Kvq †bB e‡j a‡i †bqv hvq; wKš‘ gnvbex [mv] Ggb †Kvb
e¨w³‡K me©vwaK DuPz GKwU D‡Ui Dci Av‡ivnY Rxe‡bi SzwK‡Z wQ‡jb bv, AZGe Qvnvev‡`i enb Kiv
Kwi‡q H KuvUvi Zj‡`k w`‡q hvZvqvZ Kiv‡jb, `yB-wZb gvm c~‡e©i †Zj Pzc‡m hvIqv cuPv I goK gvQ
Zvnv‡Z KuvUvwUi euvK Zvnvi gv_v ¯úk© Kij bv| wZwb †L‡q‡Qb, Ggb GwK‡bi c‡¶ †KvbB hyw³ †bB|
AZtci Avgiv Z_v n‡Z cÖZ¨veZ©‡bi cÖ¯‘wZ Kijvg gvQwUi AvK…wZ-cÖK…wZi iƒc †iLv A¼b Ki‡Z wM‡q
Ges m‡½ H gr‡m¨i wKQy LÛ wbjvg| g`xbvq G‡m wj‡L‡Qb, ÔwZwb Dnvi GKwU cuvR‡ii KuvUv DwP‡q ai‡jb
Avgiv iQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−v‡gi wbKU Ges Avgv‡`i ga¨ n‡Z me©vwaK `xN©Kvq e¨w³‡K me©vwaK
c~Y© NUbv ejjvg| wZwb ej‡jb, Dnv Avj−vn DuPz
ZvÕAvjvi c¶ n‡Z †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ GKwU we‡kl GKwU D‡Ui Dci Av‡ivnY Kwi‡q H KuvUvi Zj‡`k w`‡q
wiwhK I Lv`¨ mvgMÖx wQj| †Zvgv‡`i wbKU Dnvi hvZvqvZ Kiv‡jb, Zv‡Z KuvUvwUi euvK Zvi gv_v ¯úk© Kij
†Kvb Ask _vK‡j Avgv‡KI †L‡Z `vI| Avgiv wKQy bv|Õ Ggb GKwU KuvUv Iqvjv gv‡Qi Ô†Pv‡Li †KvV‡i 13wU
Ask Zuvnvi Rb¨ cvwV‡q w`jvg, wZwb Dnv †L‡jb Kjwmmn 13Rb ˆmb¨ †b‡g Kjwmi ci Kjwm †Zj
[gvQ hZ eoB †nvK, giv n‡jI Dnv nvjvj]| [ D‡ËvjY
†evLvix; 3q LÛ,AvwR. nK; c„: 1]| K‡i‡QbÕ, ÔAZtci 300 ˆmb¨ 1 gvm hver Aby¨b wZb
giv gvQ nvjvj Kivi BnvB GKgvÎ `wjj| GB `wjj‡K †ejv
mv¶x †i‡L b`x,Lvj, cyKz‡i cÖK…wZMZfv‡e g‡i †f‡m DVv †cU cy‡i f¶Y Kivi c‡iI wKQy Ask gw`bvq ivQy‡ji
gvQ, N‡i wRwq‡q ivLv giv wRqj gvQ, gvQyqv‡`i wRwq‡q †L`g‡Z wb‡q G‡m‡Qb|Õ eY©bv¸wj ci¯úi AmvgvÄm¨
ivLv cÖK…wZMZfv‡e giv wRqj gvQ Anin evRv‡i weµq Ges
nq Ges Avgiv †L‡q PjwQ, hv †gv‡UB ˆea bq| †Kviv‡b evjmyjf e‡U! KviY, ewY©Z KuvUvwUi D”PZv Abymv‡i gvQwU
Dwj−wLZ Ògiv Rxe-Rš‘ nvivgÓ, A‡_©: cÖK…wZMZ Ges hZeo Kíbv Kiv hvq; ewY©Z †Pv‡Li †KvVi Abymv‡i †m
¯^fvewm× Kvi‡Y †h mg¯— Rxe-Rš‘ [gvQ †nvK Avi gyiwMB gvQwU Zvi kZ¸Y ev ZviI †ewk Kíbv Ki‡Z nq| grm
†nvK] gviv hvq DnvB nvivg| nvU-evRv‡i aivi c‡i †g‡i we‡klÁ‡`i Kv‡Q Dwj−wLZ bgybvwU cÖ`vb Ki‡j ZvivB
†djv gvQ¸wj Ges †g‡i wd«R K‡i ivLv gvQ¸wj cÖK…wZMZ gvQwUi †gvUvgywU GKUv AvK…wZ VvIi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb Ges
Kvi‡Y giv bq †nZz Dnv nvivg bq| Zv‡Z nvw`mwUi mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖgvY wgj‡Z cv‡i| nvw`‡m
nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K Dwj−wLZ cÖK…wZMZfv‡e giv KwíZ ewY©Z 300 kZ ˆm‡b¨i Rb¨ Aš—Z 100 kZ DU wQj e‡j
†mB ˆ`Z¨ gvQwU Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wKQy‡ZB ˆea a‡i
63

†bqv hvq A_ev †ewk-Kg DU Zv‡`i m‡½ wQj, wKš‘ H BZ¨vw` †Kvb wKQyiB eivZ D‡j−L K‡ib wb| nvw`mwUi
D‡Ui Lv`¨-Lv`K wKfv‡e †hvMvo K‡iwQ‡jb, Zvi †Kvb g‡a¨ Òhviv †Mv‡d †Zj gvwLqvÓ GB AkvjxY evK¨wU
eY©bv cvIqv hvq bv| Aviexi g‡a¨ †bB| ïay ZvB bq nvw`mwUi e½vbyev‡`i
14. nvw`mwU c~‡e©I ewY©Z n‡q‡Q, cÖ‡qvR‡b cybivq we¯— †ek wKQy Ask Abyev`‡Ki wbR¯^ Dw³ e‡jB cÖwZqgvb nq|
vwiZ ewY©Z n‡jv; Avj−vn Zvqvjv AvÕ†jgyj Mv‡qe- c¶vš—‡i †Kviv‡bi †NvlYv, ÒBqv AvBqy¨nvbœvexqy¨! wjgv
wZwb c~e© nB‡Z me wKQy AeMZ Av‡Qb; Zuvnvi c¶ Zznvwi©gy gv- Avnj−vj−v- jvKvÓ [65:Zvnixgv-1] A_©: †n
†_‡K ÁvZ n‡q iQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg bex! Avj−vn hv nvjvj K‡i‡Qb Zzwg Zv †Kb nvivg Ki‡Qv?
fwel¨ØvYx KiZt G me AevwÃZ g‡bvfv‡ei gy‡Lvk AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K nvw`mwUi †KvbB wfwË †bB|
Ly‡j w`‡q ¯^xq D¤§Z‡K mZK© K‡i wM‡q‡Qb| h_v- 15. Rv‡ei (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex e‡j‡Qb, Avwg mg¯—
ivQyjyj−vn Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg e‡j‡Qb-†n ivQyjM‡Yi m`©vi; Avwg Me© Kwi bv| Avwg mg¯—
gymjgvb! mZK© †_‡Kv ; †m hyM `~‡i bq †h hy‡M Ggb bexM‡Yi me©‡kl bex; Avwg Me© Kwi bv| Avwg
me †jv‡Ki Avwef©ve n‡e hviv †Muv‡d †Zj †g‡L Avj−vni `iev‡i me©cÖ_g mycvwikKvix; Avgvi
†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ cÖPviYv Pvjv‡e †h, †KviAvb kix‡di mycvwik me©cÖ_g M„nxZ n‡e; Avwg Me© Kwi bv|
g‡a¨ hZUzKz nvjvj nvivg D‡j−L Av‡Q, ZZUzKzi DciB 16. DevB Be‡b KvÕe (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex [mv]
Avgj Ki| bex [m:] e‡jb- ûwkqvi! Avwg mZK© K‡i e‡j‡Qb, †Kqvg‡Zi w`b GB m‡Z¨i c~Y© weKvk n‡e
hvw”Q, †Zvgiv wbwðZiƒ‡c †R‡b ey‡S ü`q½g K‡i †h, Avwg mKj bexM‡Yi Bgvg ev cÖavb Ges Zv‡`i
ivL †h Avj−vni imyj, A_©vr Avwg †h e¯‘‡K nvivg gyLcvÎ, Zv‡`i c¶ †_‡K mycvwikKvix Bnv‡Z Avgvi
e‡j †NvlYv Kie DnvI Hiƒc nvivgB MY¨ hvi nvivg †Kvb Me© †bB|
nIqvi †NvlYv †KviAvb kix‡d Av‡Q| (†KviAvb 17. Avey †nvivqiv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex e‡jb, Avj−vni
Avj−vni evYx Ges imy‡j hv ej‡eb ZvI ¯^qs Avj−vni wbKU Avgvi Rb¨ ÔIwQjvÕ jv‡fi †`vqv KwiI|
Zid †_‡KB Anx gvidZ cÖvß)| †hgb, Avwg QvnvexMY AviR Ki‡jb, IwQjv wK wRwbm? ivQyj
†NvlYv w`w”Q, M„n cvwjZ Mvav Ges wnsmª Rš‘ (LvIqv) ej‡jb, †e‡nk‡Zi m‡e©v”P ¯’v‡b Aew¯’Z gnj; hv
nvivg| --(Avey `vD` kixd)| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, ïay GK e¨w³i Rb¨B ˆZwi Kiv n‡q‡Q; Avkv Kwi
AvwR. nK; gyLeÜ,c„:9] GKgvÎ AvwgB †mB e¨w³|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, nvw`m g‡Z eb¨ Mvav, ¸Bmvc, 18. ivQyj (mv) e‡jb, GB hy‡M gyQv cqM¤^i RxweZ
Li‡Mvk LvIqv nvjvj! [†evLvix,2q LÛ,AvaywbK _vK‡j Zvi Rb¨ Avgvi AvbyMZ¨ AbymiY Qvov MZ¨vš—
cÖKvkbx,c„: 541-543] i _vK‡Zv bv|
Bgvg †evLvix-†gvm‡jgmn 5 Lvwb nvw`‡mB Dwj−wLZ 19.ivQyj (mv) e‡jb, †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Av`g (Av) Ges wZwb
nvw`mwU mZ¨ e‡j MÖnY K‡ib wb e‡jB Zv‡`i Qwnn MÖ‡š’ Qvov AviI hZ bex Av‡Qb mK‡jB Avgvi cZvKv
nvw`mwUi ¯’vb nq wb| ZvQvov Bgvg Avey `vD‡`i MÖ‡š’i Z‡j _vK‡eb|
KZ c„ôvq, KZ b¤^i nvw`m, ‡Kvb& †Kvb& Qvnvev‡`i eiv‡Z 20. Avãyj−vn Be‡b AveŸvm (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyjvj−vn
64

e‡jb, Avj−vni wbKU c~e©vci mKj m„wói †miv cwiPq wenxb GK e„‡×i Kv‡Q bv‡K LZ& w`‡Z n‡qwQj; GB
me©vwaK †kªô Avwg; Bnv ev¯—e mZ¨ Me© b‡n| e„ׇK QybœxMY e‡j _v‡Kb wLwRi [Av:], Avng`xqvMY e‡jb
(wZiwgwR) gynv¤§` [mv] wKš‘ Df‡qi wek¦vmB aviYv I Kíbv cÖmyZ;
21. AvbvQ (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: Avj−vn g~Qv‡K (Av) ej‡jb, KviY Zv‡`i Kv‡Q †Kvb hyw³ ev `wjj cÖgvY †bB|
ewb BmªvBj‡`i ej‡eb, †h‡Kvb e¨w³ Avgvi wbKU †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, mKj RvwZB
Dcw¯’Z n‡e G Ae¯’vq †h, †m Avn¤§`‡K ¯^xKvi GKgvÎ An¼v‡ii `i“Y aŸsm n‡q‡Q| An¼vi †Kvb
K‡iwQj bv, Zv‡K Avwg †`vh‡L wb‡¶c Kie; †m Ae¯’v‡ZB ¶gvi †hvM¨ bq| G m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi wee„wZ
†h-B †nvK bv †Kb| gyQv (Av) AviR Ki‡jb, Abyhvqx GUvB cÖgvY nq †h, ÔAn¼viÕB wki‡Ki cÖavb
ÔAvn¤§`Õ †K? Avj−vn ej‡jb, †n gyQv! Avgvi gn‡Ë¡i welqe¯‘ I ˆewkó¨| hvi ü`‡q hZUzKz An¼vi aviY K‡i
eo‡Z¡i Kmg K‡i ejwQ Avgvi Ggb †Kvb m„wó †bB Av‡Q †m ZZUzKz wkiKx cv‡ci Avmvgx n‡q Av‡Q|
†h Avgvi wbKU Zvi A‡c¶v gnvb I m¤§vwbZ n‡Z GB †Kvivb evi evi mv¶x †`q †h, GB ivQyj bZzb bq,
cv‡i| Avmgvb-hwgb, P›`ª-m~h¨© m„wóiI (hvi cwigvY bZzb wKQy wb‡q Av‡mb wb; wZwb fwel¨r Rv‡bb bv;
eZ©gvb wnmve Abymv‡i) wek j¶ ermi c~‡e© Avgvi †Kqvg‡Z Zuvi m‡½ Avj−vn †Kgb e¨envi Ki‡eb Zv wZwb
bv‡gi mwnZ wgwkªZiƒ‡c Zuvi bvg Avi‡ki Mv‡q wj‡L Rv‡bb bv BZ¨vw`| A_P GB wb‡`©vl, wb®‹j¼, wbin¼vi,
†i‡LwQ, Avevi Avgvi gn‡Ë¡i eo‡Ë¡i Kmg K‡i D`vi, gnvb, cyZ cweÎ Pwi‡Îi AwaKvix Avj−vni bex‡K
ejwQ, gynv¤§` [mv] Ges Zvi D¤§Z †e‡n‡¯— cÖ‡ek bv mvaviY †bZv‡`i †P‡qI †nq cªwZcbœ Ki‡Z kwiqwZ
Kiv ch©š— Ab¨ mK‡ji Rb¨ †e‡nk‡Z cÖ‡ek wbwl× Bgvg‡`i ü`q Kuv‡c wb| Me© Kivi c‡iI hw` e‡j †h,
_vK‡e| ÕAvwg Me© Kwi wbÕ Zvi A_©B ÔM‡e©i Dc‡i Avevi
22. Av`g (Av) †e‡n‡¯— Ae¯’vbKv‡j wewe nvIqv hLb Zvi wg_¨v‡ivcY!Õ G mg¯— fvlY bex‡`i c‡¶ †h †kvfv cvq
cwiYxZv mve¨¯— n‡jb Ges Df‡qi ïf wgjb jMœ bv, Ges wZwb Zv e‡jb wb, wKQy‡ZB ej‡Z cv‡ib bv; G
Dcw¯’Z n‡jv, ZLb wewe nvIqv gni Zje Ki‡jb| wek¦vm aviY Kiv cÖ‡Z¨K gymwj‡gi AKvU¨ `vwqZ¡| ZvQvov
Av`g (Av) Avj−vni wbKU wb‡e`b Ki‡jb, wK‡mi nhiZ Beªvwng‡K ag© wcZv e‡j †Kvivb †Nvlbv K‡i‡Q Ges
Øviv Avwg gni Av`vq Kie? ûKzg Avmj, Avgvi Zvi cÖYxZ ag©B †gvnv¤§`mn [mv[ mKj bexMY AbymiY
fvjevmvi cvÎ nvwee gynv¤§` [mv] Gi cÖwZ wekevi K‡i‡Qb:
`iƒ` cvV Ki“b| [`ª: aviv bs 15-21: †evLvix, 5g LÛ, Avi Avwg †Zv Avgvi c~e© cyi“l Beªvwng, BmnvK I
AvwR. nK; c„: 10-18] BqvKz‡ei ag©B AbymiY KiwQ [12: BDmyd=88]
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †d‡i¯—v‡`i †bZv Avhvhxj ÕAvwg 22 bs nvw`mwUi BwZnvm mK‡jiB Rvbv †h nhiZ
Av`‡gi †P‡q eoÕ GB mvgvb¨ An¼viUzKz Kivq Zvi mviv Av`g‡K Avj−vn wb‡la K‡iwQ‡jb †h, wewe nvIqvi m‡½
Rxe‡bi ag©-Kg© I mvabv ee©vZ n‡q hvq, wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ †hb †m m½Z bv nq; wKš‘ wewe nvIqv kqZv‡bi
Awfkß nq| nhiZ gyQv e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔAvgvi †P‡q Ávbx cÖ‡ivPbvq Avj−vni Av‡`k fy‡j wM‡q Av`g‡K ‡hŠY wgj‡b
Avi †Kn †bB;Õ G An¼v‡ii `i“Y Zv‡K mvaviY A‡Pbv, cÖjyä K‡i Ges Av`g Avj−vni Av‡`k Agvb¨ K‡i wewe
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nvIqvi m‡½ wgwjZ nq Ges H Aciv‡ai `i“Y kvwš— ¯^iƒc 1. †nvhvqdv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg GKw`b
†e‡n¯— †_‡K weZvwoZ nq| c¶vš—‡i Avj−vnB Zv‡`i nhi‡Zi m‡½ PjwQjvg| wZwb gnj−vi AveR©bv
we‡qi NUK I KvwRi `vwqZ¡ cvjY K‡ib, †hŠY †fv‡Mi †djevi ¯’v‡bi wbK‡U G‡m GKwU †`qvj gyLx n‡q
Rb¨ †gvnivbv avh© K‡i †`b; Ggb D™¢U wg_¨v‡ivcb ¯^qs `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Ki‡jb| Avwg `~‡i m‡i hvw”Qjvg,
Avj−vni Dc‡iB Pvwc‡q‡Q| wZwb Avgv‡K Bmviv K‡i WvK‡jb; Avwg wbK‡U nvwhi
23. kvwKK Be‡b mvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, n‡q Zuvi (wc‡V wcV w`‡q wecwiZ gyLx) `uvwo‡q
Avwg Avãyj−vn I Avey gymvi (iv) wbKU wQjvg| Avey iBjvg| (m¤§yL w`‡Ki c`©v wQj †`Iqvj Ges wcQb
gymv Zv‡K ej‡jb, †n Avãyi ingv‡bi wcZv! hw` w`‡K †nvhvqdv‡K `uvo K‡i ivQyj [mv] c`©vi e¨e¯’v
†Kvb Rybyex e¨w³ cvwb bv cvq Zvn‡j †m wK Ki‡e? Ki‡jb; `uvwo‡q cÖmªve Kivi `i“b Kvco GKUz †ewk
Avãyj−vn ej‡jb, cvwb bv cvIqv ch©š— bvgvh co‡e DV‡e|) [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ: AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-
bv| [Avãyj−vn GI e‡jb, hw` Avwg GKgvm hver cvwb 164, c„:138; AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs-218-
bv cvB ZeyI bvgvh coe bv] Avey gymv ej‡jb, Zvn‡j 220, c„:131|]
Avcwb Av¤§v‡ii K_vi wK Reve †`‡eb? †Kbbv bex nvw`mwU m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv bv K‡i ïaygvÎ kv‡qL,
[mv] Zv‡K e‡j‡Qb,ÔZvqv¤§yg K‡i †bqv †Zvgvi Rb¨ Avj−vgvMY c‡_-Nv‡U Zv‡`i f³‡K Abyiƒc †`qvj K‡i
h‡_ó wQj|Õ wZwb Rev‡e ej‡jb, †`L‡Qb bv! Dgi `uvwo‡q cÖmªve K‡i mybœZwU cvjb Ki‡Z cvi‡eb wK bv!
Zvi K_vq mš‘ó bb| Avey gymv ej‡jb, Av¤§v‡ii K_v A_ev †Kvb f³ ûhyi‡K Abyiƒc †`qvj Kivi Aby‡iva
†Q‡o w`jvg| Avcwb Zvqv¤§y‡gi Avqv‡Zi wK Reve Ki‡j ûhyi QybœvZwU cvjb Ki‡Z ivwR wK bv! Zv cix¶v
†`‡eb? G cÖ‡kœ Avãyj−vn wK DËi †`‡eb wVK Ki‡Z Ki‡jB nvw`mwUi mZ¨vmZ¨ cÖKvk cv‡e|
cvi‡jb bv| ZeyI wZwb ej‡jb, Ôhw` Avgiv 2. gymwjg Rbbx D‡¤§ mvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb
Zv‡`i‡K Zvqv¤§yg Kivi AbygwZ †`B, Zvn‡j cvwb e‡jb, GKevi Avey Zvjnvi wewe D‡¤§ myjvBg (iv)
GKUz VvÛv n‡jB Zviv Ahy bv K‡i Zvqv¤§yg Ki‡Z ïi“ ivQy‡ji Kv‡Q G‡m ej‡jb, †n ivQyjvj−vn! Avj−vn
Ki‡e|Õ ivex myjvBgvb e‡jb, ÔAvwg kvKxK‡K m‡Z¨i e¨vcv‡i j¾v K‡ib bv| Av”Qv ¯¿x‡jv‡Ki
ejjvg, Avãyj−vn wK GB Kvi‡Y Zvqv¤§y‡gi AbygwZ ¯^cœ‡`vl n‡j Zvi Ici †Mvmj dih nq wK? bex [mv]
w`‡Zb bv?Õ wZwb ej‡jb, nu¨v| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g, ej‡jb, Ônuv hLb †m cvwb †`‡L|Õ D‡¤§ mvjvgv (iv)
AvaywbK cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs 332,333, c„: 179] wb‡Ri gyL †X‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, †n ivQyjvj−vn!
nvw`mwU mg~n nvw`‡mi ¯^iƒc ev ˆewkó¨ Av‡iv †Lvjvmv ¯¿x‡jv‡KiI wK ¯^cœ‡`vl nq? wZwb ej‡jb, Ônu¨v hw`
K‡i w`‡”Q| cvwb †`L‡Z cvI| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK
* cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs-273; c„: 150]
3. Avey AvBDe AvbQvix (iv) eY©bv K‡i‡Qb: ivQyjvj−vn
23 gnvbexi cwievi m¤^‡Ü Ak−xj I gvbnvwbKi nvw`m (mv) e‡j‡Qb, gj-gyÎ Z¨v‡Mi mgq †Kn †KejvgyLx
[ wKQy ¸i“Z¡c~Y© nvw`‡mi cybive„wË Av‡Q|] em‡e bv| †Kejvi w`‡K wcVI w`‡e bv, c~e© ev
66

cwðggyLx em‡e bv| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-253, c„: 144; AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-
nvw`m bs-114; c„: 125] 180, 181,189; c„: 143-145]
4. Avãyj−vn Be‡b Dgi (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, 9. Av‡qkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg
†jv‡Kiv e‡j, hLb Zzwg †ckve-cvqLvbvq em‡e, ivQyjvj−vi [mv] kix‡i Lykey jvwM‡q w`Zvg| Zvici
ZLb Zzwg wKejvi w`‡K wKsev evqZzj †gvKvÏv‡mi wZwb wewe‡`i Kv‡Q †h‡Zb| AZtci mKv‡j
w`‡K gyL Ki‡e bv| Avwg GKw`b Avgv‡`i N‡ii Qv‡` †Mvm‡ji ci Bnivg euva‡Zb| wKš‘ Zv m‡Ë¡I Zvi
DVjvg †`Ljvg ivQyjvj−vn [mv] `ywU B‡Ui Dci e‡m kixi †_‡K Lykey Qwo‡q coZ| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ;
evqZzj †gvKvÏv‡mi w`‡K gyL K‡i cvqLvbv- AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs-260, c„: 145]
†ckv‡ei Rb¨ e‡m Av‡Qb| [ †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. 10. AvbvQ Be‡b gvwjK I KvZv`v (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: Zviv
nK; nvw`m bs-115, c„: 125|] e‡jb, bex (mv) w`‡b ev iv‡Z ch©vqµ‡g [ga¨ewZ©
5. Avqkv (iv) e‡jb: Avwg ivQyjvj−vni [mv] Kvco †_‡K diR †Mvmj Qvov] 11 Rb wewei m‡½ m½g
exh© ay‡q w`Zvg; bL Øviv AvPwi‡q AZtci Ki‡Zb| [9 Rb weevn my‡Î I 2 Rb kiwiqZx
gvgywjfv‡e ay‡q †djZvg Zvici wZwb Kvc‡oi cvwb ¯^Z¡vwaKvi my‡Îi] KvZv`v e‡jb, Avwg AvbvQ‡K (iv)
wfRv `vMmn bvgvh co‡Z †h‡Zb| [`ª:†evLvix 1g wRÁvmv Kijvg, nhi‡Zi wK GZB kw³ wQj? wZwb
LÛ; AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-166, 167, 216; c„: ej‡jb,Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ GB K_v cÖwm× wQj †h,
138,139, 152] ivQyjvj−vni 30 Rb cyi“‡li kw³ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K
6. gvqgybv e‡jb: Avwg bex [mv] Gi Rb¨ †Mvm‡ji cvwb cÖvß wQ‡jb| [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ; AvwR. nK, nvw`m
ivLZvg| wZwb Zuvi `y nvZ 2 evi wKsev 3 evi ay‡q bs-190,c„: 145]
†dj‡Zb| Zvici wZwb euv nv‡Z cvwb w`‡q Zuvi 11. Avey mvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg wewe
cyi“lv½ †aŠZ Ki‡jb--| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK Avqkv‡K (iv) wRÁvmv Kijvg, bex (mv) wK Rybyex
cÖKvkbx ; nvw`m bs 253, 268; c„: 144, 148; (m½‡gvËi) Ae¯’vq wb`ªv †h‡Zb? wZwb e‡jb, nu¨v,
AvwR. nK, nvw`m bs -186, c„: 144] wKš‘ Ahy Ki‡Zb| [ †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. nK,
7. gvqgybv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, bex [mv] nvw`m bs-199-202; c„: 147]
Rvbvev‡Zi (m½‡gvËi) †Mvmj Ki‡jb| nvZ w`‡q 12. Avey ûivBiv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex [mv] e‡j‡Qb,
cyi“lv½ ayB‡jb, Zvici Zv †`qv‡j iM‡o ay‡q cyi“lv½ hLb bvixi Pvi kvLvi g‡a¨ e‡m m½g K‡i
†dj‡jb--| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, ZLb Aek¨B Zvi Ici †Mvmj dih nq| [†evLvix,
nvw`m bs-223-225; c„: 132, 133] 1g, LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs-282, c„: 152]
8. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg I bex [mv] 13. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb gvwmK FZz Ae¯’vq
GKB cvÎ n‡Z cvwb wb‡q GKB m‡½ Rvbvev‡Zi ivQy‡ji Pzj AvP‡o w`‡Zb| Ggb Ae¯’vq hLb ivQyj
†Mvmj KiZvg Ges Avgv‡`i Df‡qi nvZ Zv‡Z [mv] gmwR‡` G‡ZKvd Ki‡Zb, wZwb Zuvi gv_v
co‡Zv| [`ª: †evLvix,1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx; Avqkvi w`‡K evwo‡q w`‡Zb Ges Avqkv gvwmK
67

Ae¯’vq wb‡Ri Ni †_‡K Zuvi Pzj AvP‡o w`‡Zb| GK wewe i³ cÖ`i †ivM wb‡q Zuvi m‡½ G‡ZKvd
Avqkv e‡jb, Avgvi gvwmK FZz Ae¯’vq Avgvi K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb (ivQyj) cÖevwnZ i³ I njy` is
†Kv‡j †njvb w`‡q †Kvivb cvV Ki‡Zb| [`ª: †`L‡Zb| Avi Zvi †`‡ni wb‡P GKwU cvÎ ivL‡Zb|
†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs 286- G Ae¯’vqB wZwb bvgvh co‡Zb| [†evLvix, 1g LÛ,
288; c„: 158] AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs-299,c: 162]
14. D‡¤§ Qvjgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg bexi 18. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avgv‡`i Kvi“i
m‡½ GKB Pv`‡i ï‡q wQjvg| Ggb mgq Avgvi wbKU GKUvi †ekx Kvco _vKZ bv| Kvi“i gvwmK FZz
gvwmK FZz †`Lv w`j| Avwg Pzwc Pzwc D‡V wM‡q n‡j Ges Kvc‡o i³ jvM‡j †m _y_y w`‡q Zv wfwR‡q
gvwm‡Ki b¨vKov cijvg| wZwb wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, bK w`‡q iMovZ| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwRRyj
†Zvgvi wK †bdvm †`Lv w`‡q‡Q? Avwg ejjvg nu¨v| nK; nvw`m bs-218,c„: 153; AvaywbK cÖKvkbx nvw`m
wZwb Avgv‡K WvK‡jb, Avwg Zuvi m‡½ GKB Pv`‡i bs-301,c„: 162]
ï‡q cojvg| D‡¤§ mvjgv AviI e‡jb, bex †ivRv 19. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewb©Z: wZwb e‡jb, GKRb ¯¿x‡jvK
_vKv Ae¯’vq Avgv‡K Pz¤^b w`‡Zb Ges AvwgI bex Zv‡K ejj, Avgv‡`i †KD cvK nIqvi ci FZzKvjxb
GKB cvÎ n‡Z cvwb wb‡q Rvbvev‡Zi †Mvmj bvgvh Kvhv Av`vq Ki‡e wK? wZwb ej‡jb, Zzwg
KiZvg| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx; nvi“ivi Awaevwmbx? Avgiv bexi [mv] m‡½ _vKvKv‡j
nvw`m bs-289, 311, 312, c„: 158,166] FZzeZx nZvg| wKš‘ wZwb Avgv‡`i‡K bvgvh Kvhv
15. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avwg I bex Kivi ûKzg w`‡Zb bv| A_ev Avqkv e‡jb, Avgiv
AcweÎ Ae¯’vq GKB cvÎ n‡Z cvwb wb‡q †Mvmj Zv Kvhv KiZvg bv|[ `ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK
KiZvg| Zuvi wb‡`©‡k FZz Ae¯’vq FZzi Kvco ciZvg cÖKvkbx nvw`m bs-310, c„: 166]
Ges wZwb Avgvi m‡½ wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb--| [`ª: 20. wewe Avqkv I D‡¤§ Qvjvgv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj
†evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, nvw`m bs- (mv) A‡bK mgq ¯^cœ †`vl QvovB Rybyex Ae¯’vq
290;c„: 159] mKv‡j DV‡Zb Zvici h_vixwZ †ivRv ivL‡Zb| [`ª:
16. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, Avgv‡`i †KD wiqv`ym mv‡jnxb; 3q LÛ. Av. G Zvwje; c„: 163]
FZzeZx n‡j Ges †mB Ae¯’vq ivQyjvj−vn [mv] Zuvi 21. Avey ûivBiv †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, GK`v bvgv‡hi
m‡½ wgkvwgwk Ki‡Z PvB‡j Zv‡K FZzi cÖve‡j¨i GKvgZ ejv nj Ges `uvovb Ae¯’vq KvZvi wVK Kiv
mgq FZzi KwU‡ek civi wb‡`©k w`‡Zb| Zvici n‡jv| Ggb mgq ivQyjvj−vn (mv] Avgv‡`i wbKU
wZwb Zvi m‡½ wgkvwgwk Ki‡Zb| Avqkv e‡jb, Avm‡jb Ges hLb †gvmvj−vq `uvov‡jb, ZLb Zvi
†Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †K bexi [mv] gZ wb‡Ri Kvg cÖe„wË ¯§iY n‡jv †h wZwb Rybyex| ZLb wZwb Avgv‡`i‡K
`gb Ki‡Z mg_©? [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvaywbK ej‡jb, Ò†Zvgiv wbR wbR ¯’v‡b Ae¯’vb Ki|Ó wZwb
cÖKvkbx; nvw`m bs-291,c„: 159] wd‡i wM‡q †Mvmj K‡i Avm‡jb| wZwb hLb Avgv‡`i
17. Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, ivQyj [mv] †Kvb wbKU Avm‡jb, ZLb Zvi gv_v †_‡K cvwb
68

UcKvw”Qj| wZwb ZKexi ej‡jb Ges Avgiv Zvi Avqkvi we‡klZ¡ Av‡Q;] Ôwewe Avqkvi (iv) N‡i
m‡½ bvgvh cojvg| [`ª: †evLvix, 1g LÛ, AvwR. ïB‡j Awn Av‡m, Ab¨vb¨ wewe‡`i N‡i ïB‡j Awn
nK; nvw`m bs-193; c„: 145] Av‡m bv| [`ª: c~Y© nvw`mwU ÔPvi wewe ˆea bqÕ Aa¨v‡q
22. Avey ûivBiv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, bex [mv] Av‡Q|]
e‡j‡Qb, ebx BmivBjMY Dj½ n‡q †Mvmj KiZ 25. nhiZ Rv‡q` web nv‡iQv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: ivQyj
Ges G‡K Aci‡K †`LZ| wKš‘ gyQv (Av) GKv †Mvmj e‡jb †h, cÖ_g cÖ_g hLb Zvnvi cÖwZ Inx bvwRj
Ki‡Zb, G Kvi‡Y Zviv ejZ Avj−vni Kmg †Kvl e„w× nw”Qj ZLb GKevi wReªvBj Zvi wbKU Avm‡jb Ges
†ivM _vKvi `i“Y gyQv Avgv‡`i m‡½ †Mvmj K‡i bv| Zv‡K Ahy I bvgvR wk¶v w`‡jb Ges ZLb wZwb Ihy
GKevi gyQv cv_‡ii Dci Kvco †i‡L †Mvmj Ki‡Z mgvß K‡i GK †Kvl cvwb jB‡jb Ges Dnv Avcb
jvM‡jb| Ggb mgq cv_i KvcowU wb‡q cvwj‡q cyi“lv‡½i Dci wQwU‡q w`‡jb| [`ª: Avng`,
†Mj| wZwb cv_‡ii wcQ‡b wcQ‡b, Ôcv_i Avgvi `vivKzZbx I wZiwgwR; nvw`m bs 338 I 339]
Kvco `vIÕ e‡j †`Šov‡Z jvM‡jb| d‡j ewb- 26. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: bex Kixg (mv) †ivRv
BmivBjMY Zv‡K †`‡L †djj| Zviv ejj Avj−vni Ae¯’vq Zv‡K Pz¤^b Ki‡Zb Ges Zvi wRnŸv Pzl‡Zb|
Kmg gyQvi †Kvb LuyZ †bB| wZwb wb‡Ri Kvco †bqvi [`ª: Avey `vD`; nvw`m bs-1908]
ci cv_‡i AvNvZ Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| Avey ûivBiv 27. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) e‡jb, ÒGK`v ivw·Z Avwg
e‡jb, Avj−vni Kmg, †mB cv_iwU‡Z GLbI Qq- ivQyj‡K [mv] †cjvg bv| (Zvjv‡k evwni n‡q) †`wL
mvZwU AvNv‡Zi wPý i‡q‡Q| Avey ûivBiv †_‡K wZwb ÔevKxÕ bvgK †Mvi¯’v‡b Av‡Qb| (Avgv‡K †`‡L)
AviI ewY©Z: bex [m&] e‡j‡Qb, GKevi AvBqye (Av) ej‡jb, Ò Av‡qkv Zzwg wK g‡b K‡iQ †h Avj−vn I
Dj½ n‡q †Mvmj KiwQ‡jb| Ggb mgq Zvi Ici Zvi ivQyj †Zvgvi cÖwZ AwePvi K‡i‡Qb?Ó Avwg
†mvbvi c½cvj co‡Z jvMj| wZwb †m¸‡jv Kvc‡o ejjvg Bqv ivQyjvj−vn! (mZ¨B) Avwg aviYv K‡iwQjvg
fi‡Z jvM‡jb| Ggb mgq Avj−vn Zv‡K †W‡K †h, Avcwb Avcbvi Aci †Kvb wewei N‡i wM‡q‡Qb|
ej‡jb, Ô†n AvBqye! Avwg wK †Zvgv‡K Gme n‡Z ZLb ûRyi ej‡jb, Ò Avj−vn Aa© kvev‡bi ivw·Z
AgyLv‡c¶x Kwi wb?Õ Rev‡e wZwb e‡jb, Ô †n ie, wbKUZg Avmgv‡b AeZxY© nb Ges Kje †Mv‡Îi †gl
wbðqB Zzwg Avgv‡K Gme †_‡K Ag~Lv‡c¶x K‡iQ| cv‡ji ckg msL¨viI AwaK e¨w³‡K ¶gv K‡ib| [`ª:
wKš‘ Avwg †Zvgvi eiKZ †_‡K AgyLv‡c¶x bB|Õ [`ª: wZiwgwR, Be‡b gvRv; nvw`m bs-1225] (nvw`mwU
†evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR. nK; nvw`m bs-195; c„: m¤^‡Ü R‰bK †gv: dvi“K †Kv‡ikx e‡jb. ÒAv‡qkv
146] (iv) hLb g`xbvq Av‡mb ZLb Zvi eqm gvÎ 9 ermi
23. wewe AvwQqv I wewe gwiqg †e‡n‡¯— bexRxi m‡½ Ges evKx †Mvi¯’vb g`xbv †_‡K 3 gvBj `~‡i; AZGe
we‡q em‡eb| [`ª: †evLvix, 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„: 9 erm‡ii wK‡kvix ev c~Y© †hŠebv wewe Avqkv GKvKx
36,ÔdzU‡bvUÕ c„: 36] Mfxi iv‡Î H `~iewZ© wbR©b †Mvi¯’v‡b wK K‡i
24. ivQyjvj−vn (mv) e‡jb, [Ab¨vb¨ wewe‡`i Zzjbvq wewe †M‡jb!)
69

28. wewe Avqkv (iv) e‡jb, ÒivQyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, hLb Iqvix‡ki `vex Ljxdv nhiZ AveyeKi [iv] wØavnxb wP‡Ë
cyi“‡li LZbv ¯’j ¯¿xi LZbv ¯’‡j cÖ‡ek Ki‡e ZLb cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i gnvbexi bex‡Z¡i Iqvixk-
Df‡qi †Mvmj diR n‡e| Avwg I ivQyj (mv] Bnv DËivwaKvi Ôbv‡q‡e-ivQyjÕ A_©vr ivQy‡ji †m‡µUvix,
K‡iwQ AZtci †Mvmj K‡iwQ| [`ª: wZiwgwR, Be‡b mwP‡ei `vwe`vi Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P, Awj‡Z-Mwj‡Z
gvRv; nvw`m bs-496] cwijw¶Z nq|
29. nhiZ Avqkv (iv) e‡jb, GKevi bex Kixg [mv] Dwj−wLZ Ak−xj nvw`m¸wj bexi cyZ-cweÎv wewe‡`i
Avgv‡K ej‡jb, ÔgmwR` †_‡K Avgv‡K gv`yiwU G‡b eiv‡Z iwPZ n‡q‡Q| A_©vr QvnvevMY bexi wewe‡`i Kv‡Q
`vI|Õ Avwg ejjvg, Avwg FZzgZx AvwQ| wZwb H mKj Ak−xj cÖkœ¸wj K‡i‡Qb| Avi weweMYI j¾v-
ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgvi FZz †Zvgvi nv‡Z †bB|Õ [`ª: ki‡gi gv_v †L‡q ci cyi“l‡`i Kv‡Q DËi¸wj w`‡q‡Qb!
gymwjg, nvw`m bs-504] Avi Avgiv nZfvMv †gvmjgvbMY AKvZ‡i Zv wek¦vm K‡i
30. wewe Avqkv (iv) e‡jb: ÔGK`v ivQyj [mv] ej‡jb, KvíwbK †e‡n‡¯—i `vex`vi n‡q bexi wg_¨v Kj¼
ÔGB mKj N‡ii `iRv gmwR‡`i w`K †_‡K Avw`Kvj †_‡K enb K‡i PjwQ! cÖK…Zc‡¶B hw` QvnvevMY
(Ab¨w`‡K) wdwi‡q `vI| †Kbbv Avwg gmwR`‡K bexi wewe‡`i Kv‡Q G mKj cÖkœ¸wj Ki‡Zb, Z‡e Aek¨B
FZzgZx ¯¿x‡jvK I Rybye e¨w³i Rb¨ Rv‡qR g‡b Kwi weweMY Zv‡`i †Pnviv †gvevi‡K cv‡qi Ry‡Zv Qy‡o w`‡q
bv| [`ª: Avey `vD`, nvw`m bs-433] ej‡Zb †h, Ô†n wbj©¾¨, †e‡jnvR bicï QvnvevMY!
[nvw`m my‡Î †Kvb GKUv ev` ev fyj _vK‡j: †evLvix, 1g bexRxi RxweZve¯’vq Ges Zvi mvnP‡h© †_‡K †Zvgiv
LÛ; AvwRRyj nK; ÕARy, †Mvmj,†ivRv, bvgvR I nv‡qR- †Zvgv‡`i wewe‡`i m‡½ wKiƒc e¨envi Ki‡Z?Õ
‡bdvm Aa¨vq Ges †evLvix 1g LÛ, AvaywbK cÖKvkbx, AvR 14 kZ ermi eq‡mva© Bmjv‡gi aviK-
c„:132 †_‡K 179 Gi g‡a¨ cvIqv hv‡e|] evnK‡`i G mKj AvcwËKi nvw`‡mi Revew`wnZv PvB‡j
†Kvivb ب_©nxb fvlvq mv¶x †`q, we`vq n‡¾i Zviv e‡jb, Ô Bmjv‡gi e„nËi ¯^v‡_© wewe‡`i cÖkœ Kiv
Avivdvi gv‡V gnvbexi HwZnvwmK †kl fvl‡Y mv¶x †`q hv‡qR wQj|Õ AvR H GKB hyw³ †`wL‡q Avgv‡`i gv-†evb
†h, Zuvi RxweZve¯’vqB †Kviv‡bi †QvU-eo, LywUbvwU mg Zv‡`i wewe‡`i Kv‡Q H mKj cÖkœ Kiv n‡j gydwZ
hveZxq welq mnR-mijfv‡e Rbmvavi‡Yi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q kv‡qLMY KZUzKz hv‡qR ev mybœZ cvj‡Y †Qvqv‡ei wbðqZv
w`‡q‡Qb hv mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦i †Kvb `‡jiB m‡›`n ev †`b??
wØgZ †bB| AZGe Ggb †Kvb welq evwK wQj bv, hv Zvi *
wZ‡ivav‡bi ci Zvi c¶ n‡q Zvi weweM‡Yi IqvR bwQnZ
K‡i gnvbexi Am¤ú~Y© `vwqZ¡ cyiY Ki‡Z n‡e| †Kvivb 24 Avey †nvivqivi [iv] msw¶ß Rxebx
wewe‡`i †m `vwqZ¡ ev AwaKvi KLbI †`q wb| kwiq‡Zi
g‡Z bex ev bex‡Z¡i ¯’vei-A¯’vei †Kvb wKQyiB Iqvixk msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡li Av‡jv‡K:
ev DËivwaKvi _v‡K bv e‡jB Zvui Idv‡Zi ci wcÖq Kb¨v ÒwZwb `w¶Y Avi‡ei AvR`& †Mv‡Îi myjvqg Be‡b
Afvwebx wewe dvwZgv (iv) Ggb wK wcZvi mvgvb¨ Rwgi dvng& es‡kv™¢‚Z| ÔAvey ûivqivÕ Dcbv‡g wZwb mgvwaK
70

cwiwPZ| Zvi cÖK…Z bvg m¤^‡Ü ci¯úi we‡ivax eY©bv `„ó msmvix nb| mš—vb-mš—wZi wcZv nb Ges ab m¤ú‡`i
nq| AwaKZi wek¦¯— weeiY g‡Z Zvi bvg Avãyi-ingvb AwaKvix nb| Bmjvgx kwiq‡Z Zvi ey¨rcwË, we`¨v-eyw× I
Be&b mvÕLi A_ev Dgvqi Be&‡b Avwgi| weov‡ji cÖwZ cÖÁvq Ig‡ii [iv] Mfxi Av¯’v wQj| wZwb Zv‡K evnivqb
†ønvwa‡K¨i Rb¨ wZwb Avey ûivqiv [A_©vr †QvU weov‡ji cÖ‡`‡ki kvmbKZ©v wbhy³ K‡i wQ‡jb| wKš‘ A_© m‡qi
wcZv] bv‡g AwfwnZ nb| GB Dcbv‡gi RbwcÖqZv Zvi Acev‡` Zv‡K eiLv¯— K‡ib| h_v wewnZ AbymÜv‡bi
Avmj bvgwU‡K Avovj Kwiqv `uvovq| gva¨‡g m‡›`n `~i n‡j c‡i Zv‡K cybivq D³ c` MÖn‡Yi
Avey ûivqiv [iv] û`vqweq¨vi mwÜ Ges Lvqei Aby‡iva Rvbvb| wKš‘ Avey ûivqiv [iv] Gi AvnZ AvÍ
[7/629] hy‡×i Aš—e©Zx© mg‡q gw`bvq AvMgY K‡i Bmjvg m¤£g†eva D³ c` cybt MÖn‡Y Zv‡K wbi“rmvn K‡i †Zv‡j|-
MÖnY K‡ib| ZLb Zvi eqm wÎk erm‡ii gZ| ZLb †_‡K --Avey †nvivqiv n‡Z ewY©Z nvw`‡mi msL¨vwa‡K¨i Rb¨
wZwb ivQy‡ji [mv] cweÎ mvnPh© Aej¤^b K‡ib| Ges Zvi nvw`m mvaviYZ AMÖvn¨ g‡b K‡ib| wKš‘ Bnvi cðv‡Z
ÔAvmnveym& myddviÕ Aš—f©~³ nb| cÖ_g w`‡K wZwb ¶zwYœe„wËi †Kvb MÖnY†hvM¨ hyw³ †bB--|Ó [ msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl;
Rb¨ hZUzKz cÖ‡qvRb ïay ZZUzKz cwigvY gRy‡ii KvR 1g LÛ; Avey †nvivqiv Aa¨vq; c„: 57]
Ki‡Zb| h_v: R½j n‡Z R¡vjvbx msMÖn, gwb‡ei D‡Ui mgv‡jvPbv
iwk †U‡b Pjv BZ¨vw`--| gnvbexi †kl Rxe‡b A_©vr 60 ermi e‡q‡mi mgq
ivQyj †h Lv`¨ nvw`qv †c‡Zb, cÖvq mgqB Zv Avmnveym& 30 erm‡ii Avey †nvivqiv †gvm‡jg nb| A_©vr gvÎ 3
myddvi g‡a¨ e›Ub K‡i w`‡Zb| Avey ûivqivi fv‡M ermi ivQy‡ji mvnP‡h© wQ‡jb| †gvm‡jg nIqvi c‡iI
hZUzKz coZ, AZ¨š— Ach©vß n‡jI Zvnv †L‡q w`b KvwU‡q Zvi e¨w³MZ Rxeb wQj †eKvi, Kg© wegyL, Ajm I
w`‡Zb| mvnvexMY Zv‡K KLbI ¶zavq KvZi †`L‡j wb‡Ri feNy‡i| Avi Ggb D‡j−L‡hvM¨ e¨w³ wQ‡jb †h Zvi mwVK
M„‡n †W‡K G‡b Avnvi Kiv‡Zb| GK`v Rvdi Be‡b Avey bvgwU ch©š— †Kn Rvb‡Zb bv| AvRI †Kn mwVK K‡i Zvi
Zvwje Zv‡K m‡½ wb‡q hvb; wKš‘ N‡i wKQy bv _vKvq bvg ej‡Z cv‡ib bv|
wNÕGi ïb¨ cvÎwU nvwRi Ki‡jb| Avey †nvivqiv Zv-B Kw_Z nq ivQyj Zv‡K weov‡ji evc Dcvwa †`b| KviY
†P‡U ¶zwYœe„wËi cÖqvm †c‡jb| A‡bK mgq †LRyi Avi m¤ú‡K© e‡j‡Qb: Avey †nvivqiv cÖPzi weovj cvj‡Zb|
cvwb ‡L‡qB wZwb w`‡bi ci w`b KvwU‡q w`‡Zb| KLbI weovj Ggb GKwU Rxe, Zv‡K wbqwgZ Lvevi bv w`‡j †m
KLbI †c‡U cv_i †eu‡a ï‡q _vK‡Zb; wKš‘ †Kvb w`b Kv‡iv cÖfyZ¡ ¯^xKvi K‡i bv| c¶vš—‡i Avey †nvivqiv
Kv‡iv wbKU wKQy PvB‡Zb bv| --mvnvex‡`i hy‡MB Avey w`‡bi ci w`b D‡cvl _vK‡Zb; ej‡Z evav †bB †h,
†nvivqiv KZ©„K Aci mK‡ji A‡c¶v AwaKZi nvw`m weov‡ji gZB A‡b¨i ïb¨ wNÕGi cvÎ †P‡U †L‡q wb‡RB
eY©bv m¤ú‡K© cÖkœ DÌvwcZ nq| Dˇi Avey †nvivqiv ¯^qs weov‡ji `vwqZ¡ m¤úbœ Ki‡Zb| AZtci weovj‡K wK
e‡jb, ÒAvgvi m¤^‡Ü Awf‡hvM, Avwg †Kgb K‡i GZ LvIqv‡Zb! †KbB ev weovj Zv‡K wN‡i Nyi Nyi Ki‡Zb !
AwaK msL¨K nvw`m eY©bv Kwi| Bnvi KviY--|Ó ¶zavi Zvobvq †c‡U cv_i †e‡a ï‡q _vK‡Zb| Pig ¶zav_©
ivQy‡ji mgq Avey †nvivqiv [iv] msmvi weivMx Pig gvbyl ¶zavi Zvobvq †c‡U cv_i euva‡j KZUzKz ¶zavi wbe„Ë
`vwi‡`ª w`b KvUv‡jI cieZ©x Rxe‡b wZwb we‡q K‡i nq Avi †Kgb Avivg Av‡qk Abyf‚Z nq; †gvnv‡ÏmM‡Yi
71

mvgvb¨UzKz Bnvi ev¯Ze AwfÁZv _vK‡j GgbwU Avi wK Ki‡j?Ó Avwg ejjvg: †n Avj−vni ivQyj! †m
wjL‡Zb bv| Dciš‘ gnvbexi bv‡gI †c‡U cv_i evavi Zvi Afve I mš—vb‡`i K_v ejj, ZvB Avwg `qv
nvw`m iwPZ n‡q‡Q| ciek n‡q Zv‡K †Q‡o w`‡qwQ| wZwb ej‡jb, Ò†m
weovj cvj‡Zb e‡jB Avj−vni bex gm&Kiv K‡i ÔAvey Aek¨ †Zvgv‡K wg_¨v e‡j‡Q| Z‡e Avevi †m
†nvivqivÕ †LZve w`‡q‡Qb, †mUv GKRb bexi c‡¶ †kvfv Avm‡e|Ó ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi
cvq bv| ZvQvov Ggb A‡bK Qvnvev wQ‡jb, hviv kZ kZ K_vq Avwg Rvb‡Z cvijvg, †m Avevi Avm‡e|
nvRvi nvRvi DU, †fov, `y¤^vi gvwjK wQ‡jb A_P Kv‡RB Avwg Zvi Rb¨ Auvwo †c‡Z _vKjvg| †m G‡m
Zv‡`i‡K ÔD‡Ui evevÕ, Ô†fovi evevÕ Ô†LRy‡ii evevÕ Lv`¨e¯‘ wb‡Z jvMj| Avwg ejjvg : †Zvgv‡K Avwg
A_ev Ô`y¤^vi evevÕ †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡i‡Qb Ggb †Kvb Aek¨ ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi
BwZnvm iwPZ nq wb| AZGe wZwb weovj ¯^fv‡ei wQ‡jb Kv‡Q nvwRi Kie| †m ejj, ÒAvgv‡K †Q‡o `vI,
e‡jB Zv‡K ÔAvey †nvivqivÕ †LZv‡e f~wlZ K‡i‡Qb e‡j KviY Avwg Afvex Avi mš—vb‡`i †evSvI Avgvi Ici
g‡b nq; GB aviYvi ¯^c‡¶ wbæ ewY©Z wKQy hyw³ I `wjj Av‡Q| Gici Avwg Avi Pzwi Ki‡Z Avme bv|Ó Zvi
cÖgvY j¶¨Yxq : K_vq `qv ciek n‡q Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg|
Kw_Z nq ivQy‡ji mgq wZwb evqZzj gv‡ji cvnviv`vi ciw`b mKv‡j ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv
wQ‡jb; ZLb `vwq‡Z¡i ei‡Ljvc, Nyl ev †h †Kvb e¨w³MZ mvj−vg Avgv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb: Ò†n Avey ûivBiv,
†jv‡fB †nvK gvj cvPv‡ii mn‡hvMxZvq ci ci wZb evi MZ iv‡Z †Zvgvi e›`x wK Ki‡j?Ó Avwg ejjvg: †n
ivQyj KZ©„K Awfhy³ nb| NUbvwU Av‡jg †gvnv‡ÏmMY †VuvU Avj−vni ivQyj! †m Afve I mš—vb cvj‡Yi e¨qfv‡ii
euvKv Ki‡Z A_©vr K‚U-†KŠk‡j eY©bv K‡ib e‡jB Awf‡hvM Kij| Kv‡RB Avwg `qv ciek n‡q Zv‡K
mvavi‡Yi †Pv‡L aiv c‡o bv| †`Lyb: †Q‡o w`jvg| wZwb ej‡jb, ÒAek¨ †m †Zvgv‡K
1. Avey †nvivqiv †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, ÒivQyjvj−vn wg_¨v e‡j‡Q| Z‡e †m Avevi Avm‡e|Ó Gici Avwg
mv‡j−j−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−vg Avgv‡K ighv‡bi Z…Zxqevi Zvi Rb¨ Auvwo †c‡Z _vKjvg| †m G‡m
hvKvZ (mv`Kv‡q wdZi) msi¶Y I cvnviv †`evi Lv`¨e¯‘ miv‡Z jvMj| Avwg Zv‡K a‡i †djjvg|
`vwqZ¡ w`‡jb| G `vwqZ¡ cvjYKv‡j GK e¨w³ Avgvi Avwg ejjvg, Avwg Aek¨ †Zvgv‡K ivQyjyj−vn
Kv‡Q Avmj Ges Lv`¨e¯‘ Zz‡j wb‡Z jvM‡jv| Avwg mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi Kv‡Q †ck Kie|
Zv‡K a‡i †djjvg| Zv‡K ejjvg: Avwg †Zvgv‡K KviY GB wb‡q wZbevi Zzwg e‡jQ †h, Zzwg Avi
Aek¨ ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−v‡gi wdi‡e bv| wKš‘ cÖ‡Z¨K ev‡iB Zzwg wd‡i G‡mQ| †m
†L`g‡Z †ck Kie| †m ejj : ÔAvwg GKRb Afvex, ej‡jv : ÒAvgv‡K †Q‡o `vI| Avwg †Zvgv‡K Ggb
mš—vb‡`i †evSvI Avgvi Nv‡o Av‡Q Ges cÖ‡qvRbI wKQy Kv‡jgv wkwL‡q †`e hvi d‡j Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K
Avgvi Lye †ekx|Õ Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg| mKvj jvfevb Ki‡eb|Ó Avwg ejjvg: †m¸‡jv wK? †m
n‡q †Mj| ivQyjyj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv mvj−vg ej‡jv: ÒhLb weQvbvq Nyg‡y Z hv‡e, AvqvZzj Kziwm
ej‡jb: Ò†n Avey ûivBiv ! MZ iv‡Z †Zvgvi K‡qw` co‡e| Gi d‡j Avj−vni c¶ †_‡K †Zvgvi Ici me
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mgq GKRb wndvRZKvix wbhy³ _vK‡e Ges kqZvb Zv‡K cyYivq H c‡` envj ivLvi Aby‡iva K‡ib e‡j
†Zvgvi av‡i Kv‡Q †Nul‡Z cvi‡e bv| G fv‡e mKvj gynv‡ÏmMY BwZnvm iPbv K‡i‡Qb e‡U; wKš‘ †h Igi
n‡q hv‡e|Ó G K_v ï‡b Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg| [iv] Avcb mš—vb‡K Awfhy³ cÖgv‡Y g„Zz¨`Û †`b; †mB
ciw`b mKv‡j ivQyjvj−vn mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv Igi Awf‡hv‡Mi Z`š— bv K‡iB Zv‡K c`Pz¨Z K‡ib;
mvj−vg G‡m Avgv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, ÒMZ iv‡Z AZtci Z`š— K‡ib| AZtci wg_¨v Awf‡hv‡Mi
†Zvgvi K‡qw` wK Ki‡j?Ó Avwg ejjvg, †n Avj−vni `i“b †Kvb Qvnvev‡K `wÛZ K‡i‡Qb Ggb †Kvb
ivQyj! †m Iqv`v Kij †h, †m Ggb wKQy Kv‡jgv BwZnvm iwPZ nq wb; AZGe †gvnv‡Ïm‡`i gš—e¨
Avgv‡K wkwL‡q †`‡e hvi d‡j Avj−vn Avgv‡K wek¦vm Kivi A_© nhiZ Igi‡K [iv] Ljxdv wnmv‡e
jvfevb Ki‡eb| d‡j Avwg Zv‡K †Q‡o w`jvg| wZwb A‡hvM¨ I †nq cÖwZcbœ Kiv| m¤¢eZ nhiZ Ig‡ii
wR‡Ám Ki‡jb, Ò†m¸‡jv wK?Ó Avwg ejjvg, †m [iv] Dci c~e© †_‡KB BgvgMY bv‡Lvm wQ‡jb KviY
Avgv‡K ej‡jv, Zzwg weQvbvq Nygy‡Z hvevi mgq nqZ nhiZ Igi [iv] Rbmvavi‡Yi Kv‡Q nvw`m
AvqvZzj Kzimx co‡e--cÖ_g †_‡K ïi“ K‡i †kl †jLvi Iqv`v K‡iI Zv cyiY K‡ib wb, eis cÖZ¨L¨vY
AvqvZ ch©š— : Avj−vû jv-Bjv-nv Bj−vûqvj nvBDg K‡iwQ‡jb|
KvBDg-Gi †kl ch©š—| Avi †m Avgv‡K GI e‡j‡Q 3. Kw_Z nq wZwb `y`©vš— Kc`©Knxb Pzovš— Ajm wfLvix
†h Gi d‡j Avj−vni c¶ †_‡K GKRb wndvRZKvix wQ‡jb; wKš‘ Ig‡ii Avg‡j kvlYKZ©v nIqvi c‡iB
me mgq †Zvgvi Ici wbhy³ _vK‡e Ges kqZvb nVvr K‡i cÖPzi abm¤úwËi gvwjK nb, we‡q-mvw`
†Zvgvi Kv‡QI †Nul‡Z cvi‡e bv Ges Gfv‡e mKvj K‡ib Ges mš—vbvw`i evcI nb| AZGe cÖkœ Rv‡M
n‡q hv‡e| GK_v ï‡b bex mvj−vj−vû AvjvBwn Iqv †h, Kc`©Knxb, feNy‡i, A‡b¨i N‡ii wNÕGi ïb¨ cvÎ
mvj−vg ej‡jb, ÒG K_vUv †m Aek¨ †Zvgv‡K mZ¨ †P‡U LvIqv nhiZ Avey †nvivqiv [iv] GZ ab m¤úwË
e‡j‡Q| Z‡e †m wb‡R n‡”Q wg_y¨K| wKš‘ †n Avey wKfv‡e, †Kv_v †_‡K †c‡jb! Zvi †Kvb BwZnvm
ûivBiv, Zzwg wK Rvb MZ wZb w`b †_‡K Zzwg Kvi iwPZ nq wb|
mv‡_ K_v ejQ?Ó Avwg ejjvg: bv, Avwg Rvwb bv| 4. wZwb gnvbex m¤^‡Ü AwZwi³ K_v ej‡Zb, evsjvq
wZwb ej‡jb, Ò†m n‡”Q kqZvb|Ó [`ª: †evLvix hv‡K ÔevPvjÕ e‡j; †m Kvi‡Y QvnvevMYB cÖwZev`
e½vbyev`; wiqv`yQ Qv‡jnxb; Avãyj gbœvb; 3q LÛ; Ki‡Zb| †gvnv‡ÏmMY wj‡L‡Qb, Ô†ewk nvw`m
c„: 66; nvw`m bs 1020]| ej‡Zb e‡jB Ab¨ QvnvevMY cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb|Õ
2. gnv bexi c‡i cÖ_g Ljxdv nhiZ Avey eK‡ii [iv] g~jZt G hyw³i †Kvb wfwË †bB; KviY †ewk †ewk
mgq nhiZ Avey †nvivqivi †Kvb †LuvR LeiB wQj bv †nvK ev KgB †nvK mZ¨ [?] K_v [nvw`m] ej‡Zb,
wKš‘ nhiZ Ig‡ii [iv] mgq wZwb evnivB‡bi A_P QvnvevMY cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb ev †¶vf cÖKvk
kvmbKZ©v wbhy³ nb| GLv‡bI wZwb A_© Avͯ^v‡`i Ki‡Zb! GUv †KD wek¦vm Ki‡eb e‡j g‡b nq bv|
`v‡q Igi KZ©„K Awfhy³ n‡q c` †_‡K ewn¯‹…Z nb| 5. gvÎ wZb erm‡i gnv bexi mvnPv‡h© †_‡K cÖvq mv‡o
NUbv Z`‡š—i c‡i Dnv wg_¨v cÖgvwYZ nIqvq Igi cuvP nvRvi nvw`m eqvb K‡i‡Qb! c¶vš—‡i,
73

†Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxbMY mvivRxeb ivQy‡ji mvnP‡h¨© cÖ‡ivPbvq Avw`ó Avey †nvivqivi Rb¨ gymwjg we‡k¦i
†_‡K gvÎ cuvP kZ nvw`m iPbv Ki‡ZI mvnmx nb wb! nZvmvI ‡¶vf cÖKvk Qvov Avi wK ev Kivi Av‡Q!
6. gnvbexi Ô†LZveÕ cÖ`v‡bi e¨vL¨v m¤^‡Ü 9. Zvi Pwi‡Îi Pzovš— mv¶xwU w`‡q‡Qb Avey †nvivqiv
Avj−vgv‡`i Dw³ eoB nZvkvRbK| †hgb: gnvbex f³ ¯^qs Rbve AvwRRyj nK; Zvi ewY©Z 5,375wU
nhiZ Avjx‡K Ô†ZviveÕ †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡ib| nvw`‡mi g‡a¨ GKwU gvÎ nvw`mI †Kvivb m¤§Z †h bq
Dnvi e¨vL¨v m¤^‡Ü Avj−vgvMY e‡jb, ÒGK`v Zv ¯^‡NvwlZ nvw`‡m gyieŸx [kvqLyj nvw`m] Rbve
nhiZ Avjx wewe dv‡Zgvi m‡½ SMov K‡i iv‡M AvwRRyj nK wb‡RB ¯^xKvi K‡ib; †Kvivb wb‡q †Kn
Ni †Q‡o gmwR‡` wM‡q ï‡q _v‡Kb; gnvbex Zv‡K (giûg AvuKivg Luv) KLbI nvw`m cix¶vq AeZxY©
LyuR‡Z LyuR‡Z H gmwR‡` wM‡q †`‡Lb †h, nhiZ n‡j Avey †nvivqivi [iv] GKwU nvw`mI i¶v cv‡e bv!
Avjx [iv] gvwU‡Z ayjv evjyi g‡a¨ ï‡q Av‡Qb, GB f‡q wZwb nZvk Rxeb hvcb Ki‡Qb! [`ª: †evLvix
Muv‡q ayjv evjy| ZvB †`‡L gnv bex Zv‡K Ô†ZviveÕ e½vbyev`; AvwR. nK; 5g LÛ; DcµwgKvi
†LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡ib| mgv‡jvPbv; c„: 21|]
e¨vL¨vwU †h wbZvš— wkï myjf Zv mK‡jB ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb| *
gnvbex mvavi‡Yi gZ GZ nvjKv Ávb aviY Ki‡Zb bv|
Avi AvR‡Ki ivRbxwZK‡`i gZ †Kvb Bmy¨ wb‡q nB nj−v 25 a‡g©i bv‡g cÖZviYvi Avš—R©vwZK `wjj
K‡i e¨w³ I `‡ji mg_©b Av`v‡qi Rb¨ †LZve wewj
Ki‡Zb bv| g~jZt nhiZ Avjx wQ‡jb mg¯— gymwjg Avgv‡`i mybœxMY wek¦vm K‡ib †h, Ôag© ev mZ¨ cÖPv‡i
Rvnv‡bi g‡a¨ †kªôZg ˆah©¨kxj, mwnòz, D`vi, wg_¨vi Avkªq †bqv hv‡qR eis Zv‡Z †Qvqve nq|' Avi GB
kvš—, axi, ¯’xi I AUj| hvi Zzjbv GKgvÎ gvwUi m~ÎwU‡K Zviv Ômij D‡Ïk¨Õ e‡j GgbwK BmjvwgK
m‡½B Kiv m¤¢e; Avi ZvB gnvbex Zv‡K Ô†Zvive wek¦‡Kv‡lB gš—e¨ K‡i‡Qb| G Kvi‡YB Avw`Kvj †_‡K
AvjxÕ †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡ib| Ave y†nvivqiv cÖK…Z gv‡S gv‡S Av‡jg Avj−vgv, gvRvi e¨emvqxMY mvaK‡`i
c‡¶ weovj ¯^fv‡ei wQ‡jb e‡jB Zv‡K D³ †LZve bv‡g GgbwK Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g D™¢U KvíbxK Wvnv
w`‡qwQ‡jb| GUvB AwaKZi hyw³m½Z I cÖgvwYZ| wg_¨v NUbv iPbv K‡i mybœx we‡k¦ ivR‰bwZK †bZv-
7. †Kviv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q †h, A jv ZzwZD K¡yj−v †bÎx‡`i gZ PgK m„wó K‡i ‡e‡n‡¯—i cÖwZ AvKk©b
nvj−vwd¤§vwnwbb [68: Kvjvg-10] A_©: Ôhviv K_vq K‡ib| Ges Zvi B›`b †hvMvb †`kx-we‡`kx KwZcq †Mvov
K_vq Kmg Kv‡U Zv‡`i‡K wek¦vm KwiI bv|Õ ev Lei gva¨g¸wj; nvw`m, †dKnv, GRgv-‡Kqvmmn ‡bqvgyj
ÔAbymiY KwiI bv-cig jvwÃZ AwaK KmgKvixi|Õ †Kvivb, ZvweRv‡Z †Kvivb, KvQvQyj Avw¤^qv, †e‡n‡¯—i
c¶vš—‡i nhiZ Avey †nvivqivi ewY©Z nvw`‡m AmsL¨ Pvwe, †e‡n‡¯—i KzwÄ, †e‡n‡¯—i †gIqv, †e‡n‡¯—i †RIi,
ÔKm‡giÕ mv¶¨ cvIqv hvq| welv`wm›`y, ‡gvK‡Q`yj †gv‡gbxb BZ¨vw` a‡g©i bv‡g
8. gnvbex ¯^qs Dcw¯’Z Z`ycwi ZvuiB Aax‡b Kg©Pvix AvR‡Mvex wg_¨v MÖš’vw` Avw`Kvj †_‡K mgv`„Z n‡q
n‡qI AcwiwPZ †jv‡Ki [gvbyliƒcx kqZv‡bi!] Avm‡Q| m¤cÖwZ K‡qKwU D`vniY wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv:
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1. bvB‡Rwiqvi GKwU wkï gv‡qi †c‡U _vK‡ZB †Kvivb m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbv mvg‡b cvIqv hv‡e|]
gyL¯’ m¤cÖwZ B›Uvi‡b‡U Av‡iv AvR‡Mvex Lei cvIqv hvq †h 4
K‡i A_©vr nv‡dR n‡qB Rb¥ n‡q‡Q erm‡ii wkï †Kvivb gyL¯— K‡i‡Q| G mKj wkïMY H
Kv‡iv g‡Z 6 ermi eq‡mB †Kvivb gyL¯’ K‡i‡Q BZ¨vw` eq‡m we‡q K‡i‡Q ev †ewe Rb¥ w`‡q‡Q Ggb †Kvb Lei
AccÖPvi K‡i gymwjg wek¦e¨vcx ¶wYK So Zz‡j eZ©gv‡b Av‡Rv iwPZ nqwb KviY Zv kwiqZ we‡ivax e‡jB|
Zvi †Kvb cvËvB †bB| KviY cÖK…Z NUbv D˜NvUb I Zvi Gi †P‡qI ayi›`i iPbv Av‡Q Avãyj Kv‡`i wRjvbx
eZ©gvb ¯^fve PwiÎ nqZ ev Ggb AvKvi aviY K‡i‡Q hv m¤^‡Ü| wZwb bvwK gv‡qi ‡c‡U _vK‡ZB 18 cviv †Kvivb
cÖKvk Ki‡Z ¯^qs bvB‡Rixqvb miKvi j¾v cvq ZvB Avi gyL¯— K‡i Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib| gv‡qi cÖwZ R‰bK e¨w³i Ak−xj
†gv‡UB AvMÖnkxj bb| ¯^-P‡¶ wfwWI †`‡L Zvi †Kvivb Avµg‡bi nvZ †_‡K i¶v Kivi Rb¨ R‡b¥i c~‡e©B Avãyj
†ZjvIqvZ ï‡b g‡b n‡jv mvgvb¨ wKQy AvqvZ Zvi gyL¯’ Kv‡`i gv‡qi †Rvbx c_ †_‡K †ei n‡q gv‡qi B¾Z i¶v
wQj| GB ag© av av †_‡K gyw³i Rb¨ wkïwU‡K Avš—R©vwZK K‡i cybt gv‡qi †c‡V Xy‡K hvb AZci 10 gvm 10w`b
cix¶vi m¤§yLxb Kiv DwPr| g~jZt †m NUbvwU mZ¨ n‡j c‡i cyb Rb¥ †bb!
AvR †mB 10/12 erm‡ii wkï ag© RM‡Z AwaKZi kwiqZ †Kvivb bv ey‡S cov, ‡kvbv ev gyL¯— Kiv‡K
†Zvjcvo K‡i †djv m½Z wQj; mybœx‡`i Mfxi wek¦vm ¸i“Zi †Qvqv‡ei KvR e‡j wek¦vm K‡i| wKš‘ †Kviv‡bi
wQj †h H wkïwUB Bgvg †gnw` n‡e wKš‘ AvR Zviv nZvm! Av‡jv‡Z Zv‡`i‡K Kv‡di I cy¯—K enbKvix Mvavi m‡½
NUbvwU mZ¨ n‡j ¯^qs ivQyj weZK© I m‡›`‡ni AvIZvq Zzjbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| [`ª: 2:evKviv-171; 62:Rygyqv-5]
c‡o hvb; KviY kwiqZ wek¦vm K‡i †h, ivQyj Awn g~L¯’ 2. evsjv‡`‡ki w·kva© RbmvaviY Rv‡bb †h, c~‡e©
Kivi Rb¨ Nb Nb †VvU bvo‡Zb wKš‘ e¨_© n‡q nZvm n‡q cÖ‡Z¨K ermi wbw`©ó GKwU mgq GKwU Awfbe
c‡ob weavq Avj−vn mvš—bv w`‡q Awn bvwRj K‡ib †h, weÁvcY †ei n‡Zv| H weÁvcYwU †Kv_v †_‡K †ei nq
ÓAwn gyL¯’ Kivi Rb¨ Zzwg Nb Nb †VvU bvwoI bv Dnv Dnvi wcQ‡b Kviv wb‡ew`Z n‡q KvR K‡ib Zv D˜NvUb
msi¶Y I AvqË¡ Kivi `vwqZ¡ Avgvi|Ó [`ª: †Kvivb] A_©vr Kivi Rb¨ AvcÖvY †Póv K‡iI e¨_© nB| Z‡e GUzKz
ivQyj †Kvivb ûeû g~L¯’ Ki‡Z wM‡q e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| c¶vš— D×vi Ki‡Z m¶g nB †h, XvKvi divmM‡Äi †Kvb GK
‡i kwiq‡Zi KvíwbK wek¦vm, wekvj MÖš’ ûeû gyL¯’ K‡i gmwR‡`i Bgvg wb‡Ri †Qvqve I †gvmjgvb‡`i
ivLv †Kviv‡bi GKwU †gv‡RRv; we‡k¦ j¶ j¶ nv‡dRMY †n`v‡qZ nvwm‡ji Rb¨B Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g GB
GB †gv‡RRv i¶v K‡i Pj‡Qb| mb`cÖvß nv‡dRMY‡K cÖZviYvi Avkªq wb‡Zb| AvR `xN© cÖvq 20 ermi c‡i
Pzj‡Piv KwVb cix¶vi m¤§yLxb Ki‡j 1% Kw_Z nv‡dR my`~i wbDBq‡K©i KzB‡Ý H GKB weÁvcYwU cybivq
K…ZKvh© n‡eb wKbv m‡›`n Av‡Q| Ggb cix¶vi m¤§yLxb nb nv‡Z Avm‡jv| m‡›`n nq †h, †mB Bgvg mv‡ne ev
wb e‡jB AvRI wbixn RbmvaviY wek¦vm K‡i e‡jB Zvi DËivwaKvixMY Avcb Bmjvgx †`k Z¨vM K‡i
Zv‡`i GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emv ejer i‡q‡Q| Avj−vni Kzdzix (?) †`‡k Avkªq wb‡q †mB cÖZviYv cybivq ïi“
†KZv‡ei Dci Ggb åvš— I AÜ wek¦v‡mi Aemvb NUv‡bvi K‡i‡Qb| weÁvcbwU A¯úó weavq ûeû UvBc K‡i
Rb¨ Kv‡iv bv Kv‡iv Avmy D‡ØvM †bqv Ri“ix ! [nv‡dR †`qv n‡jv:
75

wemwgj−vwni ingv‡bi ivwng GKRb AvR bq, Kvj bq e‡j Avi Qvcv‡jv bv; GKw`b
GKwU Ri“ix Lei †m gviv †Mj|
wb‡R co~b Ab¨‡K c‡o †kvbvb AZGe Avcbv‡`i wbKU cÖv_©bv GB IwQqZ bvgvwU fyj
GUv GKUv mZ¨ NUbv| gw`bv kixd †_‡K †kL Avnv¤§` GB eyS‡eb bv| Avj−vn I bex‡K wP‡bb Ges wb‡Ri †Mvbvn
IwQqZbvgv wj‡L cvVvBqv‡Qb| wZwb Ry¤§vi w`b iv‡Î nvév K‡ib| †Lv`vi c‡_ Pjvi †ZŠwdK `vb Ki“b|
†KviAvb kixd co‡Z co‡Z nVvr Nywg‡q c‡ob| ¯^‡cœ Avcbvi Dci Øxb I `ywbqvq kvwš— ewl©Z nDK| Avwgb|
wZwb †`L‡Z cvb †h, nhiZ †gvnv¤§` [mv] Dbvi mvg‡b cÖPv‡i: bvRgyj I Avwgi †nv‡mb|
`uvwo‡q ewj‡Z‡Qb †h, GK mßv‡ni g‡a¨ 7 nvRvi †jvK 3. 1969 mv‡ji K_v: wek¦Ry‡o ˆn‰P c‡o †M‡jv †h
gviv †M‡Qb| wKš‘ Dnv‡`i g‡a¨ GKRbI Bgvb`vi †jvK L„óv‡biv †gvmjgvb‡`i gnv cweÎ Puv` c``jxZ
cvIqv hvq wb| hv Avj−vni Bev`Z e‡j MY¨| wZwb Av‡iv K‡i‡Qb| Avi Agwb B¾‡Zi mIqvj g‡b K‡i
e‡jb GLb Lye Lvivc mgq G‡m‡Q| GLb ¯¿x ¯^vgxi †L`gZ my‡hv‡Mi mØe¨envi Ki‡jb †e‡n‡¯—i DwKj,
I m¤§vb K‡i bv| †g‡qiv c`©v Qvov Pjv‡div K‡i| gv, †ckKvi Av‡jgMY; nvw`‡m ewY©Z ivQy‡ji
evev I ¸i“R‡bi †L`gZ I m¤§vb K‡i bv| Avi abx Av½y‡ji Bkvivq Puv` wØLwÛZ Kivi NUbv ¯^qs
†jv‡Kiv Mixe‡`i †`‡L bv `vb LqivZ K‡i bv RvKvZ L„óvb P›`ªhvÎx bxj‡KB mv¶x evwb‡q †dj‡jb|
†`q bv| wZwb Av‡iv e‡jb †h, †bKx K‡i, bvgvR c‡o, Zviv cÖPvi Ki‡jb bxj Avg©óªs ¯^-P‡¶ †`‡L‡Qb
†ivRv iv‡L Ges `vb LqivZ K‡i KviY †KqvgZ Lye Kv‡Q ivQy‡ji Av½y‡ji Bmvivq wØLwÛZ Puv‡`i †Rvov
AvKv‡k GK Zviv †`Lv w`‡e| ZLb m‡½ m‡½ ZIevi jvMvi wPý, ZvB wZwb wek¦v‡m AwffyZ n‡q
`iRv eÜ n‡q hv‡e| †KviAvb kix‡di A¶i D‡V hv‡e, †gvmjgvb n‡q †M‡Qb| [Avj nvg`ywjj−vn]
m~h© †mvqv nvZ Dc‡i _vK‡e| nhiZ †gvnv¤§` [mv] evsjv‡`‡ki †gŠjev`x cwÎKv djvI K‡i LeiwU
e‡j‡Qb, †h †jv‡K G IwQqZ bvgv Ab¨‡K c‡o †kvbv‡e cÖPvi Ki‡jb|
†ivR †Kqvg‡Zi w`b Avwg Zvi DwQjvq Rvbœv‡Z RvqMv GKwU gvbyl Puv‡`i gvwU‡Z `uvwo‡q MÖnwUi wØL‡Ûi
K‡i †`e Ges †h †jvK Gi wecixZ Ki‡e †m †Lv`vi †Rvovi wPý †`Lv wK‡kvi‡`i‡KI fvwe‡q
ingZ n‡Z ewÂZ n‡e| Avi †h †jvK GB cÎwU Qvwc‡q Zzj‡jv; AvVv, Mvg ev wcP& w`‡q †Rvov w`j wK
weZiY Ki‡eb Zvi †bK Avkv c~iY n‡e| †kL Avn¤§` c−v÷vi ev myB w`‡q †Rvov w`j! KviY Puv` †Zv
e‡jb †h, GB cÎ hw` wg_¨v nq Z‡e Avgvi g„Zz¨ †hb Avi dzUej ev Av‡cj Kgjv A_ev gU&Kx bq!
Kv‡d‡ii gZ nq| ivmyj [mv] e‡j‡Qb, †ivRv ivL, bvgvR ZvQvov c„w_exi Lvj-b`x ev wcP Xvjv iv¯—v †`‡L
co, hvKvZ `vI, Mixe‡`i fvjevm| †h †jvK GB cÎwU hw` †KD e‡j †h c„w_ex `yÕfvM ev †Rvov jvMvi
200 Qvwc‡q weZiY Ki‡e †m 7 w`‡bi g‡a¨ Zvi dj wPý BZ¨vw` weZK© I m‡›`‡n m¤¢eZ 6 gvm wK
cv‡e| GK †jvK 40 Lvbv Qvwc‡q weZiY K‡i‡Qb, d‡j ermi c‡i cwÎKvwU cybt †NvlYv w`j †h, bxj
Zvi e¨emvq 80 nvRvi UvKv gybvdv n‡q‡Q| GK †jvK Avg©óªs bq i‡K‡Ui g~j hv‡b Ae¯’vb iZ gvB‡Kj
GUv‡K wg_¨v †f‡e‡Q d‡j Zvi †Q‡ji g„Zz¨ n‡q‡Q| Ab¨ Kwjbm& whwb Puv‡` bv †b‡g Puv‡`i AvKv‡k
76

†NvivNywi KiwQ‡jb wZwb †`‡L‡Qb Ges wZwbB


†gvmjgvb n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ wZwb Kv‡iv mv‡_ †`Lv
†`b bv, K_v e‡jb bv Ges Zvi evoxi GK
gvB‡ji g‡a¨ KvD‡K XyK‡ZI †`qv nq bv| [[‰`wbK
msMÖvgÕ cwÎKvwUi w`b-ZvwiL w`‡Z bv cvivq
`ytwLZ|
4. g„Zz¨i c‡i Kei AvRve †h iv¶m-†Lv¶‡mi
MuvRv‡Lvix Mí Zv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| wbæ
ewY©Z ¸RewU me©cÖ_g BbwKjve cwÎKvq Qvcv nq
Ges Dnvi †mŠR‡b¨ wbDBq‡K©i mvßvwnK evsjv
cwÎKvq Qvcv nq| evsjv cwÎKvwU ciewZ©‡Z
†mŠw` G¨‡¤^mxi m‡½ †hvMv‡hvM K‡i GKwU
weÁwßI cÖKvk K‡i| Zv‡Z D‡j−L Kiv nq †h
G¨v‡¤^mx KZ…©c¶ H m¤^‡Ü wKQyB Rv‡bb bv|
Dwj−wLZ NUbvi wbæ cÖ`Ë¡ Qwe `yÕwU GKB NUbvi
`yB cwÎKvi cÖKvwkZ Qwe| Dnv mivmwi d‡Uv Kwc!
bv `yB nv‡Zi `yÕwU Aw¼Z Qwe Zv 12 erm‡ii
wkïI ej‡Z cv‡i| cwÎKv KZ©„c¶I Rv‡b-†ev‡S †ebvgvwRi kvw¯—
ZeyI a‡g©i bv‡g GB cÖZviYv mybœx mgv‡R Avw`Kvj
†_‡KB DrmvwnZ n‡q Avm‡Q| †h‡Kvb Rx‡ei giv Avie we‡k¦i `yÕwU fqsKi NUbv
jvk ev‡N LvK, mv‡c LvK, ï‡j PovK wK cy‡o gK¡v †gvKviigv: m¤cÖwZ GKwU Lei mgv‡Ri Af¨š—‡i
†djyK A_ev †e‡n¯—-‡`vh‡LB _vK, Zv‡Z giv e¨vcKfv‡e cÖPvwiZ n‡q‡Q †h, GKwU jvk‡K mvc †jc‡U
jv‡ki AvcwË ev wµqv-cÖwZwµqv bv n‡jI wR›`v a‡i‡Q| g`xbv †gvbIqvivq Aew¯’Z ÔeKx‡q Mvi Kv`Õ
jvkMY †h weåvš— I cÖZvwiZ nb! GB Ávb, bvgK Kei¯’v‡b NUbvwU N‡U‡Q| Avjx Avj-Dgvqix ewY©Z
†PZbv‡eva Avj−vgv †Zv `~‡ii K_v cÖPwjZ NUbvi weei‡Y cÖKvk, GKwU †jvK gviv †M‡j Zv‡K
Ava¨vwÍK cxi mv‡ne‡`i ch©š— †bB| Qwemn `vd‡bi Rb¨ Ke‡i ivLvi mv‡_ mv‡_ GKwU mvc G‡m
cÖwZ‡e`bwU ûeû cÖKvk Kiv n‡jv, †`Lyb jvkwUi jvkwU‡K †jc‡U a‡i| cÖwZ‡e`K D‡j−L K‡ib, NUbvwUi
g‡a¨ AvRv‡ei j¶Y Abyfe Kiv hvq wKbv: mZ¨vmZ¨ hvPvB Kivi Rb¨ ÔAvj-wejv`Õ cwÎKvi c¶
evsjv cwÎKv-w` DBKwj evsjv cwÎKv/ wbD BqK©, n‡Z gK¡v †gvKviigvi kixqv Av`vj‡Zi Dc‡`óv †kL
A‡±vei 08/1999 /Lei /c„: 49 †gvnv¤§` gKeyj †mvenxi m‡½ †Uwj‡dv‡b †hvMv‡hvM Kiv
n‡j wZwb Rvbvb, †jvKwU bvgvR coZ bv, gmwR‡`I Mgb
Ki‡Zv bv| †kL †mvenx Rvbvb †h, cÖvq `k eQi Av‡M
77

R`©v‡b Abyiƒc GKwU NUbv N‡UwQj e‡j †kL mvC` web cÖ_g NUbvi cybive„wË N‡U| AZtci Z…Zxq GKwU ¯’v‡b
gvmdvi Avj invZvbx Lei cwi‡ekb K‡i‡Qb| Kei Lbb Kiv nq, ZLbI †mLv‡b wKQy †`Lv hvq wb| wKš‘
Ô†ebvgvRxi kvw¯—Õ wk‡ivbv‡g GK K¨v‡m‡U G NUbv wZwb kixqZ †gvZv‡eK RvbvRv †kl K‡i hLb jvkwU Ke‡i
D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb| ivLv nq, Zr¶Yvr GKwU e„n`vKv‡ii welai mvc
†kL †mvenvbx †Rvi w`‡q e‡jb, Dwj−wLZ NUbvwU MZ AvKw¯§Kfv‡e †mB Ke‡i Dcw¯’Z n‡q jv‡ki †MvUv kixi
mdi gv‡m g`xbv †gvbIqvivq msNwUZ n‡q‡Q| wZwb †cuwP‡q a‡i Ges m‡Rv‡i jv‡ki Ici †P‡c e‡m _v‡K|
Rvbvb, GB fxwZKi `„k¨ †`‡L †Kvb †Kvb †jvK AÁvb wKš‘ Ke‡i hviv jvkwU †i‡LwQj, mvc Zv‡`i Ici †Kvb
n‡q c‡o| †kL †mvenvbx G cÖm‡½ GKwU nvw`‡mi D‡j−L AvµgY Pvjvq wb| jv‡ki GB Ae¯’v †`‡L RvbvRvq
K‡i e‡jb, †ebvgvRxi kvw¯—i Rb¨ †h mvc wb‡qvwRZ Kiv Dcw¯’Z †jvKRb Gw`K-†mw`K Qy‡UvQywU Ki‡Z _v‡K|
n‡e, Zvi bvg ÔIRvDb AvKivÕ ev fq¼i welai mvc cieZ©xKv‡j G e¨vcv‡i jv‡ki AvZ¥xq-¯^Rb I Zvi
e‡j ivQyjyj−vn [mv] D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb| †ebvgvRxi g„Zz¨i ci cwiev‡ii mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvM Kiv n‡j Zviv Rvbvb †h,
Zv‡K Kei †_‡K †KqvgZ ch©š— mvc `skb Ki‡Z _vK‡e| Dwj−wLZ g„Z e¨w³ Rxe‡b GK Iqv³ bvgvRI c‡o wb Ges
AZtci †m me©`v †`vR‡L Ae¯’vb Ki‡Z _vK‡e| G mviv¶Y AvKvg-KzKv‡g wjß _vKZ| GB NUbvi Lei mD`x
cÖm‡½ ivQyjyj−vni [mv] Dw³ n‡”Q, ÔAvgv‡`i I Kv‡di‡`i Avi‡ei cÎ cwÎKvq cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q| [cÎ †cÖiK
ga¨ A½xKvi n‡”Q bvgvR| †h bvgvR Z¨vM Kij, †m AvwZKzi ingvb AvwZK; Avi-wiK¡v, Kz‡qZ n‡Z| [‰`wbK
Kzdix KvR Kij| ivQyjyj−vn [mv] AviI e‡j‡Qb, Ô†h e¨w³ BbwKjv‡ei †mŠR‡b¨|]
bvgv‡Ri †ndvRZ Kij bv, †KqvgZ w`e‡m Zvi b~i
_vK‡e bv, Zvi †Kvb wPýI _vK‡e bv Ges †m bvRvZI 6. mvßvwnK KvMR/ ïµevi, wbDBqK©, 16 RyjvB, 04; c„:
cv‡e bv Ges Zvi DÌvb n‡e †divDb, nvgvb, Kvi“b I 10
Devn Be‡b Lj‡Ki m‡½| gIjvbv gykvwn` evBqygcyix (i) Ici †mwgbvi AbywôZ
Rbve †kL †mvenvbx mgq gZ bvgv‡Ri †ndvRZ Kivi wbDBqK© : MZ 3 RyjvB kwbevi ev` †Rvni DËi
Ges Dc‡`k I wk¶v MÖn‡Yi Avnevb Rvbvb| Av‡gwiKvi Ab¨Zg cÖvPxb Ges e„nËi HwZn¨evnx
g¨vbnvUb¯’ gw`bv gmwR‡` ÔAvj−vgv gykwn` Rxeb I wPš—
gw`bv nÕ‡Z nvg`yj−vn †gvnv¤§` †cÖwiZ| vavivÕ kxl©K †mwgbv‡i G gš—e¨ K‡ib| evsjv‡`‡ki
5. wKQyw`b c~‡e© R`©v‡bi I`©vb bvgK ¯’v‡b GK moK Ab¨Zg cÖwm× gynvwÏQ gvIjvbv Zd¾yj nK|
`yN©Ubvq R‰bK Avi‡ei g„Zz¨ N‡U! Zvi `vd‡bi Rb¨ Kei †mwgbv‡ii Av‡qvRb K‡ib wm‡jU †Rjvi
Lb‡bi mgq †`Lv hvq †mLv‡b welai mvc, e¨vO I Ab¨vb¨ Djvgv‡`i c¶ †_‡K gw`bv gmwR‡`i Bgvg I LwZe,
†cvKv-gvKo BZ¨vw`| Kei LbbKvixiv G fxwZKi Ae¯’v gvwmK `vIqvZ I mvgwqK Avj gw`bv cwÎKvi m¤úv`K
†`‡L GKRb gIjvbvi kiYvcbœ nq Ges Zv‡K NUbvi we¯— Aa¨vcK (?) gvIjvbv gywneŸyi ingvb I G‡óvwiqv
vwiZ weeiY Rvbvq| gIjvbv mv‡ne Ab¨¯’v‡b Av‡iKwU kvnRvjvj gmwR‡`i Bgvg I LwZe gvIjvbv Avãyj
bZzb Kei Lb‡bi wb‡`©k †`b| wKš‘ GB wØZxq Ke‡iI Kvw`i, Avãyj Avnv`| cwi‡k‡l †mwgbv‡ii cÖavb
78

Av‡jvPK kvqLyj nvw`m gydvw”Q‡i KziAvb gvIjvbv we¯§qKi A‡jŠwKK NUbvwU eyaevi w`evMZ iv‡Z N‡U
Zd¾yj nK e‡jb, Avj−vgv gykwn` wQ‡jb Dcgnv‡`‡k †Mj cweÎ AvRwgi kix‡d LvRv evevi `iev‡i|
nvw`‡mi AvKv‡k GK D¾¡jZg b¶Î| Zvi gZ gynvwÏQ e„n¯•wZevi Gwkqvb GR cwÎKvi B›Uvi‡bU ms¯’e‡M©
Zvi mgmvgwqKKv‡j AZ¨š— weij wQj| cÖKvwkZ GK PvÂj¨Ki Le‡i ejv nq, AvRwgi kix‡di
Zvi g„Zz¨i ci Zvi Ke‡ii gvwU †_‡K AvZ‡ii NÖvY `iMvn&i g~j M¤^y‡Ri wVK Dci ivZ 8Uv †_‡K
†ei nq Ges G wb‡q gvbyl KvovKvwo ïi“ K‡i| hvi `i“Y e„n¯úwZevi †fvi 5Uv ch©š— `xN© 9 N›Uv a‡i nhiZ
ZvovZvwo †`Iqvj ewm‡q cvnviv w`‡q gvwU †bqv eÜ Kiv gBbyÏxb wPkZxi [i] cÖwZ”Qvqv †`Lv †M‡Q e‡j `iev‡ii
nq| ivgcy‡i ¯^xq I¯—v‡`i dZIqvq fyj awi‡q †`qvq I¯— Lv‡`gMY Rvbvb! eyaevi iv‡Z `iev‡ii GKRb f³ cÖ_g
v` gš—e¨ K‡iwQ‡jb, Ôev½vjx †b Kjg Zzo w`qvÕ A_©vr LvRv evevi cÖwZ”QvqvwU †`‡L gvRv‡ii Lv‡`g nhiZ
ev½vwj Kjg‡K cvwë‡q w`‡q‡Q| gK¡v kix‡d cweÎ ni‡g nvmvb wPkZx‡K Rvbvb| gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨ G Lei Qwo‡q c‡o
Bgvg mv‡n‡ei fyj awi‡q w`‡q †mŠw` Avi‡e Av‡jg‡`i knigq| m‡½ m‡½ RbZvi Xj bv‡g GB gnvgvb‡ei
wbKU we‡kl cwiwPwZ jvf K‡iwQ‡jb| Gfv‡e cov, cÖwZ”Qwe GK bRi †`Lvi Rb¨| mKj ag©g‡Zi nvRvi
cov‡bv , wjLv, eK&Z…Zv BZ¨vw` me©‡¶‡Î Zvi Abb¨ nvRvi gvby‡li wfo mvgjv‡Z `ievi KZ©©„c¶‡K †kl
mvaviY cÖwZfv Ges †hvM¨Zv Øviv Dcgv‡`‡ki Av‡jg‡`i ch©š— cywj‡ki mvnvh¨ wb‡Z nq| Z‡e cÖPÛ wfo n‡jI
Kv‡Q cÖvZt¯§iYxq wQ‡jb Ges _vK‡eb| †mwgbv‡i gw`bv LvRv evevi `k©b jv‡f AvMZ f³-gywi`vbiv †Kvb
gmwR‡`i Bgvg I LwZe gvIjvbv gywneŸyi ingvb, AcÖxwZKi NUbv NUvqwb| ivZfi `iev‡ii wgbv‡ii
kvnRvjvj gmwR‡`ii Bgvg gvIjvbv Avãyj Kvw`i, M¤^y‡Ri wVK Dc‡i GKB ¯’v‡b cÖwZ”QwewU Ae¯’v‡bi ci
Avmmvdv gmwR‡`i Bgvg gvIjvbv †gvkviid †nv‡mb †fvi 5Uvi w`‡K ax‡i ax‡i A`„k¨ n‡q hvq|
Lv‡`g, mvwb mvBW gmwR‡`i Bgvg gvIjvbv Avãyj nvB, wKš‘ ZviciI e„n¯•wZevi w`bfi `~i-`~ivš— †_‡K
†cUvimb Rvjvjvev` gmwR‡`i Bgvg gvIjvbv Avwgi nvRvi nvRvi †jvK Av‡m GB A‡jŠwKK `k©b jv‡fi
DwÏb Ges gvIjvbv Avãyj Avnv`, gvIjvbv Avãyj cÖZ¨vkvq| Z‡e †`wi‡Z Avmv f³iv g~j cÖwZ”Qvqv
iv¾vK, gvIjvbv BwjqvQyi ingvb, gvIjvbv Kqm Avng`, †`L‡Z bv †c‡jI gvRvi KZ©„c¶ Zv‡`i wbivk K‡ib
K¡vix Lwjjyi ingvb, nvwdR RyjwdKj †PŠayixmn A‡bK wb| Zv‡`i H cÖwZ”Qvqvi Qwe †`Lv‡bv n‡”Q| KviY,
Djvgv‡q †Kivg Ges wm‡jU †Rjvi A‡bK cÖexY gyQj−xqvb `ievi KZ©„c¶ GB `~j©f NUbvi c~‡ivUvB wfwWI Ges
Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| Av‡jvPbv †k‡l †`vqv K‡ib nhiZ Av‡jvKwP‡Î aviY K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| cweÎ GB cÖwZ”Qqvi
gvIjvbv Zd¾yj nK| Qwe Zviv wewfbœ MYgva¨‡gI cvwV‡q‡Qb| B›Uvi‡b‡U
7. mvßvwnK cwiPq/ wbDBqK©/ 12 el©/ 370 msL¨v/ `iev‡ii I‡qemvB‡UI GB cÖwZ”Qwei Av‡jvKwPÎ †`Lv
eyaevi 03 GwcÖj, 2002/ 20 ‰PÎ 1408| hv‡e AvRwgi kix‡di I‡qemvBU (-- A¯úó)|
AvRgxi kix‡di AvKv‡k LvRv evevi cÖwZ”Qvqv! fviZxq gymjgvbiv g‡b K‡ib, 13 kZvwã‡Z BivK
XvKv 30†k gvP© : Dcgnv‡`‡ki cÖL¨vZ mywd mvaK †_‡K mywd mgªvU LvRv gCbyÏxb wPkZx [i] Zv‡`i `ytmgq
LvRv evev nhiZ gCbyÏxb wPkwZi [iv] `k©b jvf! GB I nZvkv †_‡K gyw³ Ges i¶vi Rb¨ fvi‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb|
79

wec`-Avc` †_‡K i¶v ev mr g‡bvevmbv c~i‡Yi Rb¨ †Kn †`‡L‡Q e‡j cwÎKvq †kl ch©š— mv¶x w`‡Z cv‡i
ag©cÖvY gymjgvbiv GgbwK me ag©g‡Zi †jv‡Kiv Mfxi wb| ïb¨vKv‡k giv gvbyl I wms‡ni †R›`v Qwe hLb wf wW
kª×vi m‡½ AvRwgi kix‡d LvRv evevi gvRvi whqviZ I K¨v‡givq aiv c‡o‡Q ZLb wkïiI Zv †`Lv m¤¢e wQj
Ki‡Z Av‡mb| eyaevi iv‡Zi G NUbv †_‡K gymjgvbiv wKš‘ cwÎKvq cÖKvk, `k©KMY wK †`L‡jv Zv wKQyB ej‡Z
aviYv Ki‡Qb, ¸Riv‡Ui mv¤cÖwZK wefxwlKvgq `v½vi cv‡i bv| `xN© 9 N›Uv a‡i H A‡jŠwKK NUbv Pj‡jI
Kó gy‡Q w`‡Z LvRv evev ¯^qs Avwef©~Z n‡q‡Qb fvi‡Zi †Kvb cwÎKvqB Dnv cÖKvk cvq wb| m„wói 9g
fviZevmxi mvg‡b| `iev‡ii Lv‡`g mve©vi wPkZx ev 10g AZ¨vP‡h©¨i H †kªóZg Avðh©¨ NUbvi wf wW I,
Rvbvb, nvRvi nvRvi f³ evevi cÖwZ”Qwe `k©‡b G‡jI I‡qemvBU AvR bxie †Kb!
Zviv †KDB welqwU we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| NUbvwU NUvi cÖvq 15/20 w`b c~‡e© `ievi †_‡K
K‡qKk †Uwj‡dvb Kj cvIqvi ci Lv‡`g mve©vi GKwU cÎ cvB; Zv‡Z †jLv wQj: gKQy` nvwQ‡ji
NUbv¯’‡j hvb Ges K¨v‡giv w`‡q cweÎ cÖwZ”Qvqvi †ek ZeviK, nvw`qv BZ¨vw` cvVvevi mwVK bvg wVKvbv,
wKQy Qwe Zz‡j iv‡Lb| wZwb Rvbvb, G ai‡Yi A‡jŠwKK †P‡Ki Dc‡i hvi bvg wjL‡Z n‡e †gvUv A¶‡i Zvi bvg
NUbv gvRv‡ii BwZnv‡m KLbI N‡U wb| LvRv evevi I G¨vKvD›U b¤^iI; Wjvi ev fviZxq Kv‡iwÝ cvVv‡Z
GKRb DËimywi nhiZ nvmvb wPkZx Rvbvb, †KvbB Amyweav †bB| whqvi‡Z Avm‡j wK gv‡bi _vKv
cÖwZ”QvqvwUi e¨vKMÖvDÛ wQj gK¡v-gw`bvi Qwe msewjZ| LvIqvi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡e, wegvb e›`‡i AeZiY Kivi
Zvi Ici evevi cÖwZ”Qvqvi cv‡k wQj wms‡ni w`b ZvwiL, mgq¶Y BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw` we¯—vwiZ Rvwb‡q 15
cÖwZ”Qvqv I Aviwe †jLv| w`b c~‡e©B †hb Zv‡`i Lei †`qv nq, †hb Gqvi‡cv‡U©
Gwkqvb GR cwÎKv wj‡L‡Q gvbyl hLb gbylZ¡ fy‡j Zviv Dcw¯’Z †_‡K ¯^vMZg Rvbv‡Z cv‡ib BZ¨vw`|
wM‡q wb‡R‡K †Lv`vi mgch©v‡qi we‡ePbv K‡i, ZLb m¤¢eZ H mgq wbDBqK©mn we‡k¦i AwaKvsk evsjv-
Zv‡`i †n`v‡qZ Kivi Rb¨ A‡jŠwKK ¶gZve‡j Awj- fviZ Dcgnv‡`kxq †gvmjgvbMY AweKj cÎ †c‡q
AvDwjqvMY †`Lv †`b| cÖwZ”QvqvwU †`Lvi ci cÖvq _vK‡eb|]
cÖ‡Z¨‡KB gš—e¨ K‡i‡Qb, we‡k¦i mv¤cÖ`vwqK mwnsmZv g~jZt Gmg¯— MvuRv‡Lvix AccÖPv‡ii cÖavb D‡Ïk¨
I i³cv‡Zi cwi‡cÖw¶‡ZB GB gnvgvb‡ei cÖwZ”Qwe GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emvi N„Y¨ †KŠkj gvÎ| gymwjg we‡k¦
†`Lv w`‡q‡Q| Z‡e cÖwZ”Qvqvi Qwe¸‡jv Zviv AviI cÖavbZt mybœx kixq‡Zi g‡a¨ Gai‡Yi Ac‡KŠk‡ji
cix¶v-wbix¶v K‡i †`L‡eb e‡j nvmvb wPkZx Rvbvb| BwZnvm msMÖn Ki‡j 40/50 LÛ wek¦‡Kvl iPbv Kiv
Gw`‡K gvRvi KZ…©c¶ f³Kz‡ji wfo mvgvj w`‡Z bv m¤¢e|
cvivq cywj‡ki mvnvh¨ †bb| wKš‘ cywjk RbZvi Xj eo eo Zdmxi MÖ‡š’ GI †jLv Av‡Q †h, gnv bex Ke‡i
mvgvj w`‡Z wngwkg LvIqvq †kl ch©š— gvRv‡ii GLbI RxweZ Av‡Qb! †Kvb GK n‡¾i mgq gnvbex
Pvicv‡k †¯•kvj †dvm© †gvZv‡qb Kiv n‡q‡Q| Ke‡ii ga¨ †_‡K nvZ †ei K‡iwQ‡jb Ges Zv 90
[mvwe©K gš—‡e¨i fvi Ávbx cvVK‡`i| j¶ j¶ †jvK nvRvi nvRx cÖZ¨¶ `k©b K‡iwQ‡jb! [Z_¨myÎ: mvßvwnK
R‡ov n‡jI Lv‡`g nvmvb wPw¯— I GKRb f³ Qvov Ab¨ evsjv cwÎKv, Zvs- AÁvZ,
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wbD BqK©; †jLK: gw`bv gmwR‡`i weZwK©Z Bgvg I LwZe Dwj−wLZ gZv‰bK¨¸wj kwiq‡Zi cwifvlvq Qwnn nvw`‡mi
gvI. Aš—f©~³| KviY cÖ‡Z¨KwUi wcQ‡b Qvnvev‡`i mv¶x Av‡Q|
gywneŸyi ingvb] gRvi e¨vcvi n‡jv gnv bexi 12B g„Zz¨ ZvwiLwU BmjvwgK
* dvD‡Ûk‡bi msw¶ß wek¦ †Kv‡l wj‡L‡Qb ågvZ¡K [`ª:H c„:
259] GB ågvZ¡K ZvwiLwU [12B iwe:] †R‡b ï‡bB
26 ‡gvU K_v-†kl K_v Avw`Kvj †_‡KB D`hvcb K‡i Pj‡Qb! Av‡iv gRvi
e¨vcvi n‡jv Dc‡ivwj−wLZ Qwnn nvw`m¸wji GKwU gvÎ
cÖPwjZ †Qnv ‡QËvi f‚wgKv I mZ¨vmZ¨ m¤^‡Ü Avi gvÎ nvw`m A¯^xKvi Ki‡j kwiq‡Zi cwi-fvlvi my‡Î
`zÕwU D`vniY w`‡qB †kl Ki‡Z PvB| Ô†gviZv`Õ, ÔKv‡diÕ e‡jB Av‡jg mgvR d‡Zvqv Rvwi
gnv bexi Rb¥ ZvwiL m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` _vKvUv wbZvš— K‡ib! wKš‘ GB Av‡jg mgvR GKwU ev‡` evwK ZvwiL¸wj
¯^vfvweK| KviY, Dnvi cÖZ¨¶ I c‡iv¶ mv¶xi msL¨v wQj wK A¯^xKvi K‡ib bv?
G‡Kev‡iB bMY¨ I mvaviY| wKš‘ Zvi g„Zz¨i ZvwiLwU wb‡q †kl K_v
m‡›`n ev gZv‰bK¨ Pzovš— A¯^vfvweK| KviY, Bnvi cÖZ¨¶ †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v †Kvivb wb‡RB; Zv †Kviv‡bi cvZvq
mv¶x wQ‡jb mgMÖ Qvnvev mgvR, mgMÖ Avie ‡`k, wkï cvZvq mv¶x Av‡Q| gnvbexi RxweZve¯’vq Ônvw`mÕ kãwUi
†_‡K e„× ch©š—| GgbwK be¨ gymwjg iv‡óªi Av‡k-cv‡k¦©i A_© wQj GKgvÎ Awn; nvw`m ej‡Z ZLb †Kvivb‡KB
mKj †`k¸wj| Zuvi Rb¥ ¯^vfvweK _vK‡jI g„Zz¨ wQj Avš— eySv‡Zv Ges eyS‡Zv| Zvi cÖgvY ¯^iƒc wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZ¸wj
R©vwZK I HwZnvwmK NUbv| GB HwZnvwmK g„Zz¨i ZvwiLwU j¶¨Yxq :
wb‡qI nvw`m †eËv‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q `y¯—i gZv‰bK¨| Kv‡iv 1. dvgv-wj-nv-Djv-Bj K¡vDwg jv- BqvKv-`ybv
g‡Z Rb¥ ZvwiL: 2iv, 8B, 9B, 10B Ges 12B iweDj BqvdK¡vûbv nvw`mv| [4: wbQv-78] A_©: G RvwZi
AvDqvj| g„Zz¨i ZvwiL: 1jv, 2iv, 8B Ges 12B iweDj n‡jv wK! †h Zviv nvw`m¸wj [†Kvivb] †evSvi †gv‡UB
AvDqvj| Avevi Kv‡iv g‡Z 18B iweDj AvDqvj; Kv‡iv avi av‡i bv!
g‡Z 17B igRvb! nhi‡Zi eqm: 60,63 I 65 ermi| 2. dvjvÕAvj−vKv-- wenv-Rvj nvw`mv AvQvdv| [18:
[`ª:‡evLvix e½vbyev`; Av: nK: 5g LÛ, c„:36 I 306; Kvnd-6] A_©: Dnviv GB nvw`m [‡Kvivb] wek¦vm bv
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl: †gvnv¤§` [mv] Aa¨vq: c„:259]| Ki‡j m¤¢eZ Dnv‡`i Z¨vM K‡i Zzwg `yt‡L wb‡RB
bexRxi LZ&bv m¤^‡Ü gZv‰bK¨: bexRxi f‚wgó nIqvi 7g wb‡Ri Rxeb nbb K‡i †dj‡e|
w`b Zuvnvi `v`v LvRv Avãyj †gvZv‡je gK¡vi wewkó 3. dvjBqvÔZz -- Qvw`Kxb| [52: Zzi-34] A_©: Dnviv
†bZ…e„›` I AvÍxq¯^Rb‡K `vIqvZ w`‡jb| †mB Drm‡ei hw` mZ¨ev`xB nq Z‡e GB nvw`‡mi [†Kviv‡bi]
w`b Avãyj †gvZv‡je bexRxi LZ&bvi mvgvwRK Drme mv`„k¨ †Kvb iPbv iwPZ Ki“K bv!
Dcj‡¶ Zuvnvi bvg ivwL‡jb Ògynv¤§`Ó| A‡b‡Ki g‡Z 4. gv Kv bv nvw`QvBDdZviv-- BDwgbyb| [12:BDmyd-
nhiZ [mv] Rb¥MZ fv‡eB LZ&bv K…Z wQ‡jb| [‡evLvix H 111] A_©: Zv‡`i nvw`‡m [‡Kviv‡b] i‡q‡Q Ávbx‡`i
c„:41] Rb¨ wk¶v| nvw`m [†Kvivb] wg_¨v iPbv b‡n| Ges
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wek¦vmx‡`i Rb¨ Bnv AZxZ MÖ‡š’ hv Av‡Q ZviB `v`v-ci`v`v Ges Zv‡`i `v`v-ci`v`vMYI gnvbex‡K
mg_©K I wek` e¨vL¨v weeiYc~Y© †n`v‡qZ I ingZ| †`‡Lb wb| AZtci wReªvBj gnvbex GgbwK Zvi GKvš—
5. dvweAvwq¨ nvw`wm eŸvÕ`vû BDwgbyb| [7:Avivd-185] Qvnvev, †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØxb KZ©„K Aby‡gv`b †Zv `~‡ii
A_©: Z‡e Zviv †Kvb nvw`‡m [†Kviv‡b] wek¦vm K‡i!! K_v †`‡Lb wb ch©š—! Avi †`L‡j Aek¨ Aek¨B c~‡e©i
6. Avdvwg nv-Rvj nvw`mx ZvÕR¡veyb| [53: bRg-59] gZB R¡vwj‡q w`‡Zb [`ª: nv: m: †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi
A_©: †Zvgiv wK GB nvw`‡m [†Kviv‡b] we¯§q †eva f‚wgKv]| Avkv Kwi Ges `„p wek¦vm †h, we‡k¦i †Kvb Av‡jg
Ki‡Qv ? Avj−vgvMY G‡Z wØgZ †cvlY Ki‡Z cvi‡eb bv| g~jZt
7. nvj AvZv-Kv nvw`my ØvBwd Beªvnxgvj gyµvgxb| gnvbexi bv‡g wjwLZ nvw`m, †dKnvw`i AwaKvskB wg_¨v,
[51:hvwiqvZ-24] A_©: †Zvgvi wbKU Beªvnx‡gi fzj, hyw³nxb, fxwËnxb, ev¯—e I †Kvivb weewR©Z|
m¤§vwbZ †gngvbw`‡Mi m¤^‡Ü nvw`m [Awn] G‡m‡Q cÖK…Zc‡¶ gnvbex Dnv e‡jb wb ev K‡ib wb, hvi hyw³
Kx? cÖgvY †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq ewY©Z Av‡Q| Z‡e †h mg¯—
8. A nvj AvZvKv nvw`my g~Qv| [20: 79:Z¡nv-9; nvw`m †Kviv‡bi mv‡_ ûeû wgj Av‡Q, †m¸wj MÖnY Ki‡Z
bvwRqvZ- 15] A_©: g~Qv m¤^‡Ü nvw`m [Awn] †Zvgvi Kv‡iv AvcwË _vKvi K_v bq| †hgb: GK`v R‰bK e¨w³
wbKU †cuŠ‡”Q wK? wewe Avqkvi [iv] wbKU Aby‡iva Ki‡jb, ÒivQy‡ji Rxebx
9. nvj AvZv-Kv Zvw`myj Mv- †mBqvZ| [88:Mvwmqv-1 ] m¤^‡Ü wKQy Rvbv‡eb wK?ÕÕ wZwb DËi w`‡jb, ÒAvcwb wK
A_©: †Zvgvi wbKU †Kqvg‡Zi nvw`m [Awn] G‡m‡Q wK? †Kvivb c‡ob wb?ÕÕ [nvw`m]| nvw`mwU wb‡RB mgMÖ †Qnv-
m¤ú~Y© †KvivbLvwbB Avj−vni Awn Ges DnvB gnvbexi ‡QËv‡K Av¯—vKzu‡o wb‡¶c K‡i‡Q Zv‡Z nvw`m‡eËvM‡Yi
cweÎ gyL wbtm„Z nvw`m:ÔBbœvû jv KvDjy ivQywjb KvixgÕ| A¯^xKvi Kivi hyw³,mvnm †bB| AZGe, Ggb †Qnv‡QËv‡K
[69: nv°v:44; 81: ZvKexi: 19] A_©: Aek¨B Bnv Qwnn& gnv-Qwnn& Ges wbfy©j †NvlYv Kiv Ges Avj−vni
[†Kvivb] m¤§vwbZ ivQy‡ji nvw`m/evYx| gnvbexB e‡j‡Qb †KZv‡ei e¨vL¨v wnmv‡e wek¦vm Kivi A_©B †Kvivb‡K
†h Bnv Avj−vni Awn, Avj−vni nvw`m; gnvbexi GB cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv| hvi A_©B gymwjg RvwZ‡K †k−v-c‡qvR‡b
nvw`‡mi [†Kviv‡bi] Dc‡i Cgvb G‡bB Avgv‡`i c~e© cyi“l AYy AYy K‡i aesm Kivi my`~icÖmvix m~² cwiKíbv| Avi
†cŠËwjKMY †gvm‡jg n‡qwQ‡jb| G cwiKíbvi wkKvi B”Qvq ev Awb”Qvq mij-Amij c~Y©
c~‡e© eûevi Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbexi g„Zz¨i cÖvq Av‡jg Z_v gymwjg mgvR! †h `y-PviwU mZ¨ K_v nvw`‡m
300 ermi c‡i e¨w³ I `‡ji iwPZ nvw`m‡K Avj−vni Av‡Q Zv Avjer †Kviv‡bB Av‡Q|
†Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨v wnmv‡e cÖPvi I cÖwZôv Ki‡Z m¶g AZ¨š— Avkv fimvi K_v †h, mybœx †gvm‡jg ivóª
n‡q‡Qb| Kw_Z nq †h, gnvbexi RxweZve¯’vqB †Kvivb ¶gZvai wjweqvb miKvi †evLvix nvw`m Zvi †`‡k nvivg
wjwLZ nIqvi c‡iI GKevi bq, `yBevi wReªvBj KZ©„K [wbwl×] †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| [`ª: Ôa‡g©i bv‡gÕ,Aa¨vcK gy.
cixw¶Z I ms‡kvwaZ nq| c¶vš—‡i cÖPwjZ nvw`m iwPZ AvLZvi ûmvBb,c„: 59] †evLvix nvw`m wbwl× Kivi A_©B
nq gnvbexi Idv‡Zi cuvP/QqwU cyi“l AwZevwnZ nIqvi †Qnv‡QËvi 99% kZvsk nvw`m wbwl× e‡j cÖwZcbœ nq|
c‡i| nvw`m hv‡`i bv‡gi eiv‡Z ewY©Z n‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i A_P †ckv`vix kwiqZ kvgyK ¯^fve aviY K‡i Av‡Qb †hb
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wKQyB Rv‡bb bv| we‡k¦i Ggb GKwU Qybœx gymwjg †`kI cÖwZôv jvf K‡i‡Qb|
Bnvi cÖwZev` K‡i wb| NUbvwU hw` mZ¨B nq Z‡e gyqvgvi gbyl¨ iwPZ Dc-ag© MÖš’¸wj G¶‡Y cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡i
Avj-MvÏvdxi GB ewjó HwZnvwmK Ae`vb †Lvjvdv‡q Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji weav‡bi cÖwZ wd‡i Avm‡j gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B
iv‡kØx‡bi c‡i gymwjg we‡k¦i 5g Ljxdvi †hvM¨Zv AR©b kxqv, mybœx, Invex,Avn¤§w`qv, nvbvdx, kv‡dC BZ¨vw`
K‡i‡Qb e‡jB cÖZxqgvb n‡e| †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K A‰ea `j Dc-`j¸wji Aw¯—Z¡ wejyß
Ônvw`m †Kviv‡bi e¨vL¨vÕ GUv wQj Zv‡`i cÖv_wgK n‡q mK‡jB †gvm‡jg bv‡g GKwÎZ n‡Z cv‡i| gnvbex
†k−vMvb; Ges G‡Z Zviv c~Y©fv‡eB mdj n‡q‡Q; AZtci kxqv, mybœx,Avn¤§`x BZ¨vw` wQ‡jb bv! wZwb wQ‡jb GKgvÎ
wØZxq †k−vMvb : Ônvw`‡mi e¨vL¨v †dKnvÕ G‡ZI Zviv †gvm‡jg| AZGe Zvi D¤§‡Zi cwiPq Ô†gvm‡jgÕ e¨ZxZ
K…ZKvh© n‡q‡Q; AZtci Z…Zxq ‡k−vMvb : Ô†dKnvi e¨vL¨v Ab¨wKQy bq|
GRgvÕ G‡ZI Zviv c~Y© mdj; AZtci PZz_© †k−vMvb: cÖKvk _v‡K †h, cÖ‡Z¨KwU †KZvex`‡ji GKvwaK `j
ÔGRgvi e¨vL¨v †KqvQÕ, GLv‡bI Zviv Awbevh© dj Dc-`j Ges Dc-ag©MÖš’ A_©vr `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ i‡q‡Q| ZvivI
†c‡q‡Qb; Avi †kl †k−vMvb: Ô†Kqv‡Qi e¨vL¨v d‡Zvqv|Õ hw` Abyiƒc Zv‡`i Dc-ag©MÖš’ †Q‡o Zv‡`i g~j ag©MÖ‡š’
GB cuvP `dv `vex cwic~Y©fv‡eB AvR gymwjg mgv‡R wd‡i Av‡mb Z‡e Zv‡`iI `j Dc-`j¸wji Aw¯—Z¡
cÖwZwôZ Av‡Q| gvbeRvwZ Z_v Bmjv‡gi msweavb Avj−vni _vK‡e bv| AZtci GKz‡b †`Lv hv‡e: ZIivZ, heŸyi,
†KZv‡ei Dc‡i gvby‡li iwPZ 5 Lvwb BÄxj, MxZv, ‡e`, wÎwcUK, †R›`v‡e¯—v, MÖš’mv‡ne
[nvw`m,†dKnv,GRgv, †Kqvm I d‡Zvqv] `yÕb¤^ix wekvj BZ¨vw` gv‡bB †Kvivb; Avi †Kvivb gv‡bB AZx‡Zi mKj
wekvj kwiqwZ msweavb `Ûvqgvb! Kg©Rxex ev mvaviY Hkx MÖš’| gbyl¨ a‡g© Avi †Kvb †f`v‡f` †bB| gbyl¨
AmvaviY gvby‡li c‡¶ GB 5 Lvwb Dc-†KZve †f` K‡i RvwZi R‡b¥i m~Î GK, cwiYwZI GK; c„w_ex GK Ges
Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Kv‡Q †cuŠQv G‡Kev‡iB Am¤¢e I Aev¯— Avj−vnI GKK, Awfbœ| AZGe gbyl¨ ag©I GK I Awfbœ;
e n‡q c‡o‡Q! A_©vr Bewj‡mi Iqv`v †m c~Y©fv‡eB c~Y© Awew”Qbœ gvbe RvwZi gvbe ag©; gvbe ag© gv‡bB mbvZb,
Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q| AvR †h †KD †Kviv‡bi K_v ej‡j, mvg¨ev‡`i ag© ; GLv‡b mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi ¯’vb †bB| Ggb
wjL‡j H `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZx weavb w`‡q Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o GKwU Kv‡ji ïfvMgY wn›`y, †gvm‡jg, †eŠ×, wLª÷vb,
†Zv‡jb| hw`I †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i: Bûw`, wkL, ˆRb †K bv Kvgbv K‡i! Kvgbv K‡ib bv ïay
ÒAj−vRxbv-- AvRv-we gynØvi“bÓ [34: mvev-38] mKj RvwZi weåvš—, †Mvov, ag©vÜ †gŠjev`xMY|
A_©: hviv Avgvi AvqvZ‡K e¨_© Kivi †Póv K‡i, Zviv Rvgv‡Z Bmjv‡gi gZ GKwU Ab¨Zg cÖwZwôZ`j D³
kvw¯— †fvM Ki‡eB Ki‡e| MÖ‡š’ ewY©Z †KvivwbK `k©b¸wj B”Qv Ki‡j AwZ mn‡RB
†Kvivb mnR, mij I cÖvÄj Ges c~Y©fv‡eB ¯^qs mgv‡R cÖwZôv Ki‡Z cv‡ib, G ¶gZv Zv‡`i i‡q‡Q| Avi
m¤ú~Y©| A_©vr †Kvb w`K †_‡KB Dnvi NvUwZ †bB, `ye©jZv Zv‡Z ïay evsjv‡`k †Kb mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦i †bZ…Z¡ Zv‡`i
†bB; Ab¨ †Kvb †KZv‡ei mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv cÖZ¨vL¨vY nv‡Z Avm‡Z cv‡i, gv_vq em‡Z cv‡i gvbeag© ms¯‹v‡ii
K‡i| g~jZt †Kviv‡bi c‡i gbyl¨ iwPZ hveZxq Dc-ag© gyKzU| cÖ‡Z¨KwU `‡ji g‡a¨ AmsL¨ cÖK…Z avwg©K i‡q‡Qb,
MÖš’vw` d‡Zvqvi Aš—f©~³; wewfbœ bv‡g mgv‡R cÖPvi I Zv‡`iI DwPr GB me©‡kªô cweÎ `vqxZ¡ MÖnY Kiv|
83

c~Ye©vi wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZØq hvewZq mKj Av‡jvPbvi D‡×© nvw`m gv‡bB ivQy‡ji nvw`m| G‡Z hviv cv_©K¨ K‡i,
mK‡ji Ges mKj mg‡qi Rb¨ ¯§iY †i‡L ag©vbykxjY I †Kviv‡b Zv‡`i Kv‡di e‡j †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| G m¤^‡Ü
ag©cÖPvi Ges Av‡jvPbv mgv‡jvPbv Kiv AZ¨vek¨Kxq: †Kviv‡b †ek K‡qKwU mv¶x cÖgvY Av‡Q| gvÎ `yÕwU AvqvZ
wZév- Av-Bqv Zzj−v-wn bvZjynv wej nvw°; dv‡e AvB‡q wb‡æ ewY©Z n‡jv:
nvw`wmb evqv`vj−v-wn A AvBqvwZnx BDwgbyb| [45: 1. Bbœvj−vRxbv BqvKdziƒbv-- RvwjKv Qvwejvb;
hvwQqv-6; DjvBKv--AvRvev¤§yexb [4: wbQv-150, 151] A_©:
77: gyimvjvZ-50] hviv Avj−vn-ivQyj‡`i Agvb¨ K‡i Ges Avj−vn I
A_©: G¸wj Avj−vni evYx, hv wZwb wek`fv‡e e¨vL¨v ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i [A_©vr Avj−vni
K‡i‡Qb| AvBb-ivQy‡ji AvBb; A_©vr diR-QybœvZ] A_ev
myZivs Zviv Avj−vn I Zvi evYx [‡Kvivb] Z¨vM K‡i Avi e‡j: KvD‡K gvwb KvD‡K gvwbbv A_ev G `y‡qi g‡a¨
Kvi bZzb †Kvb c_ †ei K‡i; cÖK…Zc‡¶ BnvivB Kvwdi|
nvw`‡m wek¦vm Ki‡e ? Bnv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q KwVb AvRve|
*** c¶vš—‡i, Avj−vn ivQy‡ji g‡a¨ hviv cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i bv,
Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q my-msev`:
2. Aj−vRxbv Avgvby-- D¾yivûg-- Mvdziƒiivnxg| [4:
wbQv-152; 3:Ggivb-84] A_©: hviv Avj−vn I
civ‡_©
ivQyj‡`i Dci Cgvb Av‡b Ges Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb
Z…Zxq Aa¨vq iKg cv_©K¨ K‡i bv; ZvivB cyi¯‹vicÖvß n‡e| Avj−vn
¶gvkxj I `qvjy|
27 gnvbex †Kviv‡bi evB‡i wKQy K‡ib wb, e‡jb wb Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj mnR, mij-cÖvÄj hvi cybt
e¨vL¨vI wb®cÖ‡qvRb| G‡Z mg~n nvw`‡mi mydj-Kzdj
gynv‡Ïm, Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY Ônvw`‡mi mg_©‡b †Kviv‡bi m¤^‡Ü wbwðZ gxgvsmv i‡q‡Q; gxgvsmv i‡q‡Q diR mybœZ
‡h mg¯— AvqvZ e¨envi K‡ib Zvi m‡½ wbæ ewY©Z cv_©‡K¨i fqvenZvq| Avi G Kvi‡YB gnvgwZ I `~i`k©x
AvqvZ¸wj we‡ePbvq bv G‡b eis inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y Gwo‡q nhiZ Avey eKi I nhiZ Igi [iv] gvÎ 500 nvw`m iPbv
hv‡”Qb| †Kvivb Z_v gnvbexi Dci hZLvwb Cgvb ivLvi K‡i we‡e‡Ki `sk‡b, †`vh‡Li f‡q R¡vwj‡q †`b; GKgvm
`iKvi wQj, Zvi †P‡q †ewk Cgvb †X‡j w`‡q‡Qb Bgvg hver G‡¯—Lviv K‡i AZtci nvw`m msKj‡bi cwiKíbv
†evLvix‡`i Dci; Avi GB Kvi‡YB †Kviv‡bi gva¨‡g Z¨vM K‡ib| wKš‘ †h f‡qi AvksKvq R¦vwj‡q †`b;
ivQyj‡K wPb‡Z AvR 1400 erm‡iI ivRx nb wb| hw` msKj‡bi cwiKíbvi mgvwa iPbv K‡ib, `xN© wZb kZ
ivRx _vK‡Zb Z‡e Avj−vni nvw`m I ivQy‡ji nvw`‡mi ermi c‡i wVK †mB mgvwa Ly‡o Kw_Z BgvgMY QvB
g‡a¨ †Kvb cv_©K¨ Lyu‡R †c‡Zb bv| KviY, †Kvivb Avj−vni K¼vj †U‡b †ei K‡i gnvbex Z_v 4 Ljxdv‡`i Avkv
Awn Zv ivQy‡ji gy‡LB cÖKvk| Avj−vni mg~n AnxB ivQy‡ji AvKvsL¨vi mgvwa iPbv Ki‡jb! AZtci nvw`m-Qybœvn
cweÎ gyL wbm„Z evYx| DnvB Avj−vni nvw`m, Avj−vni
84

bv‡g †Kviv‡bi cvkvcvwk Avjv`v kwiqZ cÖwZôv Ki‡jb! Avgvi I †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ mv¶x; GB †Kvivb Avgvi
weÁvbgq †Kvivb‡K ïay cov, ïbv I gyL‡¯’i gvqvRv‡j wbKU †cÖwiZ n‡q‡Q, †hb Avwg †Zvgvw`M‡K Ges hviv
e›`x K‡i †dj‡jb! †Kviv‡bi cvkvcvwk nvw`m, †dKnv, Avm‡e Zvnv‡`i‡K GB †Kvivb ØvivB mZK© Kwi|
d‡Zvqvi Avbv‡Mvbv gv‡bB †Kviv‡bi Dci m‡›`n, 6. Agv-AviQvjbv-- we BRbxj−vnx| [4: wbQv-64] A_©:
†Kvivb‡K `yŸ©j I Ac~Y© †NvlYv Kiv nq| †Kviv‡bi mv‡_ ivQyj‡`i GB D‡Ï‡k¨B g‡bvbxZ Kwi, †hb Zviv
`yÕb¤^ix MÖ‡š’i kwiK Kivi A_©B ¯^qs Avj−vni mv‡_ kwiK Avj−vni Awn Abymv‡iB AvbyMZ¨ Ki‡e|
Kiv! 7. K¡…j! gv-Kzš‘ we`-- bvwRiƒ¤§yweb| [46: Avn&K¡vd-9]
* A_©: Avwg †Zv Avi GKgvÎ ivQyj bwn| Avwg Rvwb bv,
Avgvi I †Zvgv‡`i e¨vcv‡i wK Kiv n‡e! Avwg,
28 gnvbex wK K‡i‡Qb Ges e‡j‡Qb Avgvi cÖwZ †h Awn Av‡m, GKgvÎ ZvBB AbymiY
Kwi|
1. Bbœv AvÄvjbv-- Aviv-Kvj−v-n| [4: wbQv-105] 8. BËv-we gv-- wgiivweeKv| [6: AvbAvg-106] A_©:
A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZ mZ¨vmZ¨ wKZve bvwRj K‡iwQ; †Zvgvi i‡ei wbKU †_‡K hv Awn nq; Zzwg ïay ZvBB
†hb Zzwg Zv‡`i‡K wVK wVK †mfv‡eB wePvi gxgvsmv AbymiY K‡iv|
Ki| 9 K¡zj! gv-BqKzby-- AvRxg| [10:BDbym-15] A_©: ej!
2. dv¯—vgwQK wej−vRx-- wQivZx¤§y¯—vK¡xg [43: hyLi“d- wbR †_‡K Bnv e`jv‡bv Avgvi ¶gZvi evwn‡i|
43] A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q, DnvB Avgvi cÖwZ hv Awn nq, Avwg †Kej BnvB AbymiY
`„pfv‡e AvK‡o _v‡Kv Ges Bnv‡ZB Zzwg mwVK c‡_ Kwi| Avwg Avgvi cÖf‚i Aeva¨ n‡j, gnv w`e‡mi
envj _vK‡e| kvw¯— Avgvi Rb¨ AeavwiZ|
3. bvn&by AvÕjvgy-- gvBqvLv-dz AB`| [50: K¡vd-45] 10. A-jvD ZvK¡vDA¨jv-- nv-wR¡qxb| [69:nvK¡v-44-
A_©: Dnviv hv e‡j Zv Avgiv Rvwb| Zzwg Dnvw`‡Mi 47] A_©: †m [bex] hw` Avgvi bv‡g wb‡R wKQy iPbv
Dci Lei`vwi Kivi †Kn bn; myZivs †h Avgvi kvw¯— Ki‡Zv! Z‡e Aek¨B Avwg Zvi Wvb nvZ a‡i
‡K fq K‡i Zv‡KB ïay †Kviv‡bi mvnv‡h¨ Dc‡`k †djZvg; AZtci Zvi Rxeb agbx †K‡U †djZvg;
`vI| ZLb †Zvgv‡`i †KnB Zv‡K i¶v Ki‡Z cvi‡Z bv|
4. BËv‡eD--ZvRvK¡vi“b [7: Avivd-3] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i 11. A-gvj−vg BqvnKzg-- ûgyj dv-‡QK¡zb| [4:gv‡q`v:
cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K hv AeZxY© Kiv n‡q‡Q, 44-49] A_©: †Kvivb Abyhvqx hviv wb‡`©k, wePvi,
†Zvgiv ïay ZviB AbymiY Ki Ges Bnv Qvov Ab¨ gxgvsmv K‡i bv; ZvivB Kv‡di, dv‡mK I Rv‡jg|
¸i“‡`i civgk© AbymiY KwiI bv| †Zvgiv Lye Aí bexMY †Kvivb Z_v Avj−vni msweav‡bi evB‡i wZj
msL¨KB Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i _vK| cwigvY K_v I KvR Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv Ges K‡ibwb| mKj
5. Kzj! AvBqy kvBwqb-- Agv¤§vjvM¦| [6: AvbAvg-19] bex Avj−vni Kv‡Q GB k‡Z© Iqv`ve×| Avj−vn cÖYxZ
A_©: ej! mv¶¨ cÖ`v‡b me©‡kªô †K? ej! ÔAvj−vnÕ msweavb bexMY KLbI j•Nb K‡ib bv, GwUB bex‡`i
85

wekvjZg I †kªôZg Av`k©| bexMY‡K AbymiY Kivi A_©, Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| Ggb g~K, ewai I AÜ †d‡i¯—v‡`i
Zv‡`i GB gnvb Av`k©‡KB AbymiY Kiv; A_©vr †Kvivb, gvidZ Awn cvVvevi AwfcÖvq m‡›`n I inm¨RbK
Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ msweavb AbymiY Kiv; Kw_Z †evLvix e‡U! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Awni GKgvÎ evnK wQ‡jb
†gvm‡jg‡`i iwPZ `jxq nvw`m AbymiY Kiv b‡n| c¶vš— wReªvBj; wZwb g~K, ewai A_ev AÜ wQ‡jb bv| Zvi
‡i nv‡ji nvw`m cwÛZMY cÖKv‡k¨B †NvlYv K‡i _v‡Kb †h enbK…Z Awn [†Kvivb] m‡½ m‡½ †jLvi c‡iI bvwK
gnvbex wb‡Ri Zid †_‡K A_©vr †Kvivb ewnf©~Z eû K_v I wReªxj `yBevi cix¶v K‡i ms‡kvab K‡i w`‡q‡Qb
KvR K‡i‡Qb| ïay ZvB bq, GK GK mgq GK GK iKg (!)| c¶vš—‡i, bvg cwiPq wenxb †evev, ewai †d‡i¯—
K_vI e‡j‡Qb| †m¸wjI bvwK GKai‡Yi Awn! GRb¨ vMY Ônvw`m AwnÕ enb K‡i Avbvi wZb kZ ermi
Awn‡K Zviv `yB fv‡M fvM K‡i‡Qb: K. †Kvivb: Awn c‡i †jLv nq Ges Zv †jLK ¯^qs Bgvg †evLvixMY
gZjy, A_©vr cwVZe¨ Awn; L. nvw`m: Awn Mvq‡i gZjy, Qvov †Kvb gvbyl ev †d‡i¯—v KZ©„K cix¶v Kiv nq wb|
A_©vr AcwVZe¨ [covi A‡hvM¨ bq‡Zv!] Awn| GB `y‡qi GgZve¯’vq Ô†Kvivb †hgb wbfz©j, nvw`mI Z`ªƒc
cv_©K¨ †`Lv‡Z wM‡q R‰bK nvw`m cwÛZ [kvqL] wj‡L‡Qb: wbfy©j; G‡Z †Kvb m‡›`n †bBÕ Ggb wek¦vm hviv
K. †Kviv‡bi A_© I fvlv DfqB A¶‡i A¶‡i Awn K‡ib, Zv‡`i g~j D‡Ïk¨ †Kvivb Z_v Bmjv‡gi cÖwZ
gvidZ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Ges cÖPÛ ûgwK¯^iƒc e‡U!
wReªxj KZ©„K cwVZ n‡q‡Q| Ges Dnv‡K Awn gZjy 3. gnvbex Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K wQ‡jb bv| Kw_Z nq Ges
e‡j| kwiq‡Zi KwVY wek¦vm †h, wZwb wjL‡Z co‡Z
L. nvw`‡mi A_© I welqe¯‘ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K Awn Rvb‡Zb bv A_ev kwiqZx gv‡idvZx Kwe MvqKI
gvidZ cÖvß e‡U, wKš‘ Dnvi kã I evK¨ ivQy‡ji wQ‡jb bv| A_P wZwb ¯^qs Awn iPbv K‡i‡Qb; GZ
iwPZ| †Kvivb nvw`‡mi Drm GKB| ZvB †Kvivb eo `yb©vg gnv bexi D¤§ZM‡Yi c‡¶ A‡kvfbxq|
Avj−vni evYx †hgb wbfy©j, nvw`m I Z`ªƒc wbfy©j| *
G‡Z m‡›`n †bB| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`; AvwR. nK;
1g LÛ; gyLeÜ Aa¨vq, c„: 12] 29 gnvbex g~L© ev wbi¶i wQ‡jb bv

cv_©K¨Ø‡qi mgv‡jvPbv Dg,D¤§yb A_©: gvZv, Drm, wfwË,g~j, wkKo, DcKiY,


1. Dwj−wLZ aviv `yÕwUi c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi †Kvb mg_©b Ae¯’vb ev a‡i ivLv|
†bB, cÖPwjZ nvw`m m~Î I msÁviI AvIZvq c‡o D¤§yj wKZve A_©: MÖš’ Rbbx; Av‡`k wb‡l‡ai Drm ¯’j|
bv; GgbwK Bgvg‡`i †Kvb nvw`‡mI Zvi mg_©b †bB| D¤§xDb, D¤§xCb A_©: hviv Hkx MÖš’ AbymiY K‡i bv ev
GwU nv‡ji nvw`m cwÛZ‡`i e¨w³MZ d‡Zvqv ev cvqwb| wØZxq A_©: hviv †jLv-cov Rv‡b bv|
aviYv gvÎ| D¤§x A_©: gvZvi Ask ¯^iƒc ev A½xf~Z nIqv ev
2. Ônvw`‡mi A_© I welqe¯‘ Avj−vni Zid †_‡K Awn AwaKvify³ nIqv
gvidZ G‡m‡QÕ hvi kã I evK¨ ivQ‡ji wb‡Ri iPbv A_©vr gv‡qi ey‡Ki wkï †hgb wb‡`©vl wb®úvc; Ggb e¨vw³
86

†h Hkx MÖ‡š’i AwaKvix b‡n| [`ª: †Kvivb gwR`; Zv‡ni L. GKiv †e-Gm‡g iveŸyKv--‡ej Kvjvg| [96:
Avn&g`; wUKv bs-113 K. 384,1058, 1450, 2645|] AvjvK-1-4] A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki bv‡g
‡Kviv‡b ÔD¤§xÕ k‡ãi e¨envi: co--whwb wjwLZfv‡e /wjLvi gva¨‡g [Kj‡gi
1. AKzjxj−vwRbv DZzj †KZvev AjD¤§xCbv Av mvnv‡h¨] wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb|
AvQjvgZzg| [3: Bgivb-20] A_©: Avi ej! hv‡`i M. DZjy gv Dwnqv BjvBKv wgbvj wKZv‡e-- [29:
†KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Ges hv‡`i †KZve †`qv nqwb, AvbKveyZ-45] A_©: Zzwg †Zvgvi cÖwZ cÖZ¨vw`ó
[D¤§xCbv] Ô †Zvgiv mK‡j wK AvZ¥ mgc©b K‡iQ?Õ wKZve co--|
[f³ n‡qQ?] N. A gv KybZv-- gye‡Zj~b| [29:AvbKveyZ-48]
2. ûqvj−vwR evqvQv wdj D¤§xCbv -- ¤§yweb| [62: A_©: Zzwg †Zv AZx‡Zi †Kvb wKZve [wb‡R] wjLwb
Rygyqv-2] A_©: wZwbB D¤§xw`‡Mi g‡a¨ Zv‡`iB ev cowbI, hv‡Z wg_y¨KMY †Zvgv‡K m‡›`n Ki‡Z
GKRb‡K [D¤§x‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb D¤§x‡K (†gvnv¤§`)] cv‡i|
ivQyjiƒ‡c g‡bvwbZ K‡i‡Qb; †h Zv‡`i wbKU Zuvi D‡j−wLZ PviwU AvqvZB cwi¯‹vi mv¶¨ †`q †h, wZwb
AvqvZ/†KZve c‡o ïbvq; Zv‡`i cweÎ K‡i Ges wjL‡Z-co‡Z Rvb‡Zb wKš‘ AZx‡Zi MÖš’¸wj, hv‡Z
wk¶v †`q wKZve I wnKgZ; BwZc~‡e© †Zv Bnviv bex-ivQyj AvMg‡Yi fwel¨r evbx Ges †Kviv‡bi weavbB
wQj †Nvi weåvwš—‡Z| Dnv‡Z D‡j−L Av‡Q hvÕ wZwb wb‡R wj‡Lbwb, wb‡R
3. A wgbûg D¤§xDbv-- jv BqvRybœyb| [2:evKviv-78] c‡obwb, wb‡R AbymiY K‡ibwb; GgbwK wZwb ZLb
A_©:Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb KZK D¤§x †jvK Av‡Q hv‡`i Dcw¯’ZI wQ‡jb bv, hv‡Z Awek¦vmxMY m‡›`n Ki‡Z
wg_¨v Avkv e¨ZxZ wKZve m¤^‡Ü †Kvb Ávb †bB, cv‡i †h, †gvnv¤§` Dnv bKj K‡i‡Q| Ggb mZ¨wU
Zviv ïay Ag~jK aviYv †cvlY K‡i| Dcjwãi Rb¨ wbæ AvqvZwU D‡j−L‡hvM¨:
Dwj−wLZ 3wU Avqv‡Z ÔD¤§xÕ k‡ãi A_© ¯^”Q Avqbvi gZ Agv Kzb&Zv-- Bqv ZvRv°vi“b| [28: Kvmvm-46] A_©:
cwi¯‹vi| A_©vr Gi c~‡e© hv‡`i cÖwZ †Kvb ivQyj Av‡mwb, gymv‡K hLb Avwg AvnŸvb K‡iwQjvg ZLb Zzwg Z~i ce©‡Zi
hviv c~‡e© †Kvb †KZve ev c_ cÖ`k©K cvqwb, bexmn cv‡k Dcw¯’Z wQ‡j bv [A_P Zzwg Bnv GLb AeMZ n‡qQ|]
Zv‡`i mKj‡KB ÔD¤§xÕ wnmv‡e mbv³ Kiv n‡q‡Q| ivQyj e¯‘Z Bnv †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki `qv ¯^iƒc, hv‡Z Zzwg Ggb
‡h co‡Z Rvb‡Zb Ges ‡KZve cov wkLv‡Zb, weÁvb myÎ GK m¤cÖ`vq‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cvi, hv‡`i wbKU †Zvgvi
[†nKgZ] wk¶v w`‡Zb Zv 2 bs AvqvZwU ev¯—e mv¶x; c~‡e© †Kvb mZK©Kvix Av‡mwb, †hb Zviv Dc‡`k MÖnY
Gic‡iI m‡›`n _vK‡j ev wek¦vm bv Ki‡j AviI cÖgvb K‡i|
j¶bxq: Avw`Kvj †_‡K gnvbexi bv‡g Kzrmv iwUZ n‡q Avm‡Q ‡h,
K. A Kvj~-- AvwQjvb| [25:dziKvb-5] A_©: Dnviv wZwb g~L©
e‡j, G¸wj †Zv Avw`Kv‡ji DcK_v, hv †m eKjg wQ‡jb Ges eKjg bexi gva¨‡g †Kvivb Awn n‡q
[†gvnv¤§`] wj‡L iv‡L| ‡h¸wj mKvj mÜv Zvui cÖKvk Kiv‡K ‡gvmjgvbMY GKwU Ab¨Zg †gv‡RRv
wbKU Ave„wZ [Awn] Kiv nq| e‡jI wek¦gq cÖPvi Ki‡Z †MŠie †eva K‡ib; Ges Zvi
87

¯^c‡¶ †Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ ÔD¤§xÕ kãwU e¨envi K‡ib| bv!


g~jZt ÔD¤§xÕ kãwUi A_© cÖavbZt mv`vwmav, wb‡`©vl, mij Zv‡`i ‡`Lv DwPr †h, †Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Z cÖgvb K‡i †h,
cÖK…wZi; BsivwR‡Z hv‡K ÔB‡bœv‡Q›UÕ e‡j wKš‘ wZwb †gvnv¤§` wjL‡Z-co‡Z cvi‡Zb|Õ myZivs Zviv hw`
Bwj−Uv‡iU ev BwWqU wQ‡jb bv| Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj Aw¯^Kvi bv Ki‡Zv Z‡e: ÒAwn
Avj−vn wK! Awn wK! ‡KZve wK! wReªvBj wK! BZ¨vw` ï‡b‡Qb †gvnv¤§` (mv), wj‡L‡Qb ‡gvnv¤§`, cÖPvi K‡i‡Qb
m¤^‡Ü wZwb m¤ú~Y© AÁ wQ‡jb| GgbwK wZwb Awn cvIqvi †gvnv¤§` GgbwK cix¶v K‡i‡Qb †gvnv¤§`;Ó GB ev¯—e
c‡iI Rvb‡Zb bv †h, wZwb bex n‡q‡Qb ev n‡”Qb; G my‡Îi Dc‡i wek¦vm _vK‡Zv| Avi Zv‡Z KvíwbK Ges
A‡_©B wZwb D¤§x wQ‡jb Ges Zuvi m¤cÖ`vqI D¤§x wQ‡jb; AcÖvgvwbK mv¶x †`Iqvi Rb¨ wReªvBj‡K †U‡b Avbvi
hv‡`i Kv‡Q Gi c~‡e© †Kvb bex-ivQyj Av‡mwb, †KZveI `iKvi nÕ‡Zv bv, gnvbex‡KI Lv‡Uv Kivi cÖ‡qvRb nÕ‡Zv
Av‡mwb| GRb¨B bexmn Avey‡h‡nj, Avey mywdqvb Ges bv, m‡e©vcwi †Kviv‡bi Dc‡i Kv‡iv m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK
ZrKvwjb weL¨vZ mKj Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K, `vk©wbK, cwÛZ, nÕ‡Zv bv| ïay †gvnv¤§`B (mv) bb, Ggb D¤§x wQ‡jb Av`g
ivRbxwZwe`mn c~Y© RvwZwU‡KB ÔD¤§xÕ ejv n‡q‡Q| g~jZt †_‡K mKj bexMY; we‡k¦i AwaKvsk †kªó `vk©wbK,
wZwb Avey‡h‡nj‡`i †P‡qI DbœZ †jLv Rvb‡Zb co‡ZI ‰eÁvwbKMY; ZvB e‡j Zviv wjL‡ZI Rvb‡Zb bv co‡ZI
cvi‡Zb Ges MvwYwZK wnmve wbKvkI Rvb‡Zb; bZzev Rvb‡Z bv G aviYv Ag~jK| ZvÕQvov mKj D¤§x bexMYB wK
wewe Lvw`Rvi Avš—R©vwZK e¨emv wK K‡i cwiPvjbv †jvKØviv Awn wjLv‡Zb? mgq †bB, Amgq †bB Mfxi
Ki‡Zb! ee©i, AÜKvi we‡k¦ Áv‡bi Av‡jv R¡vwj‡q Ges iv‡Z Awn Avm‡Zv Avi wZwb ‡fv‡i †jLK‡`i Lei
Zv cÖwZóv Kiv GKRb A¶i Ávbnxb ee©i, wbi¶i w`‡Zb, A‡c¶vq _vK‡Zb wjLvevi Rb¨! ‡Kviv‡b Ggb
gvby‡li c‡¶ KíbvZxZ| Awkw¶Z, g~L© ev D¤§x bex e‡j †Kvb mv¶x †bB †h `xN© 30cviv †Kvivb wjLv‡Z bex‡K
kwiqZ AwaK †MŠie Abyfe K‡i _v‡Kb e‡jB kãwU‡K KLbI Awn K‡i‡Qb †h, ÔAgyK-AgyK †jL‡Ki mvnvh¨ bvI
†K›`ª K‡iB nvw`m †jLKMY Ôg~L© wbi¶i bexÕ e‡j me©ÎB ev †jLK †W‡K Av‡bv!Õ A_ev ÔAgyK †jLK wek¦¯’ Ges
a„óZvi ¯^v¶i †i‡L‡Qb| ZvB Kw_Z nq †h, ‡Kvivb AgyK m‡›`nhy³!Õ g~jZt gnvbex †h †jLv-cov Rvb‡Zb ev
KwZcq †jLK Øviv wjLvB‡Zb Ges Dnv Rbmvavi‡Yi wjL‡Z co‡Z cvi‡Zb ZvÕkwiq‡Zi nvw`‡mI cÖgvb †`q
m‡›`n gy³ I weZK© Govevi Rb¨ wReªvCj Øviv 1/2evi †h, wZwb †hLv‡bB †h‡Zb m‡½ mKj mgqB KvMR-Kjg
cix¶v Kiv n‡q‡Q e‡j ev¯—e ˆeÁvwbK hyw³ cÖgvb nxb ivL‡Zb| [`ª: submission.org]
MvRv‡Lvix nvw`m iPbv K‡i‡Qb; Avi G Kvi‡Y m‡›`n wb‡R KvMR-Kjg m‡½ ivL‡Zb, A_P wjL‡Z cvi‡Zb
Av‡iv evovi K_v| KviY: Awn K‡i‡Q Avj−vn, enb K‡i‡Q bv! Avi Awn n‡jB c‡KU †_‡K KvMR-Kjg †ei K‡i
wReªvBj, ï‡b‡Q †gvnv¤§`,wj‡L‡Q Qvnvev; AZtci †jLvi Rb¨ A‡b¨I ¯§iYvcbœ n‡Zb ev n‡qwQ‡jb!
Qvnvev‡`i †jLv cix¶v K‡i‡Q wReªvBj| AZGe kwiq‡Zi nvw`‡m †Zgb GKwU gvÎ cÖgvb cvIqv hvq bv|
†Kviv‡bi wbf©~jZv m¤^‡Ü †kvbv (†MŠY),KvíwbK mv¶x wewe Lvw`Rv, wewe Avqkvmn Zuvi A‡bK weweMYB
Qvov gnvbexi †`Lv ev cov (gyL¨) mv¶xi †Kvb wbðqZv †jLvcov Rvb‡Zb e‡j BwZnvm cvIqv hvq, Ges nvw`m
_v‡K bv; Zv‡`i wek¦vm †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) †m †hvM¨ZvI wQj mv¶x †`q †h, wewe Avqkvi N‡i _vKvKvjxb iv‡Z bvwK
88

Awn †ewk †ewk Avm‡Zv! wKš‘ gnvbex Awn †jLvevi Rb¨


weweM‡Yi ¯§iYvcbœ n‡q‡Qb ev nÕ‡Zb e‡j †Kvb BwZnvm 1. Kzj−vAv AvKzjy-- ZvZvdv°vi“b| [6: AvbAvg-50]
†bB, †bB GKwU gvÎ nvw`m| Bnv me©Rbwew`Z †h gnvbexi A_©: ej! Avwg †Zvgv‡`i Bnv ewj bv †h, Avgvi
RxeY mvqv‡ý wjwLZfv‡e DËivwaKvi wbhy³ Ki‡Z wbKU Avj−vni ab-fvÛvi Av‡Q, fwel¨r m¤^‡ÜI
†P‡qwQ‡jb Ges Qvnvev‡`i Kv‡Q KvMR-Kjg †P‡q Avwg Rvwb bv, Ges †Zvgv‡`i‡K BnvI ewj bv †h,
wQ‡jb; wKš‘ Igi [iv] Zvui Amy¯’Zvi ARynv‡Z KvMR- Avwg wdwik&Zv, Avgvi cÖwZ hv Inx nq Avwg ïay
Kjg †`bwb| ev¯—weKB hw` wZwb wjL‡Z bv Rvb‡Zb Z‡e ZviB AbymiY Kwi; ej! AÜ I P¶z®§vb wK mgvb?
KvMR-Kjg PvB‡Zb bv Avi IgiI cÖwZev` Ki‡Zb bv; †Zvgiv wK Abyaveb Ki bv?
eis kwiq‡Zi aviYv g‡Z wZwb hv wjL‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb Zv 2. Kzj−v Avw¤−Kz--BD‡gbyb|[ 7:Avivd-188] A_©:
¯^fve wm× c~e©er †gŠwLK †NvlbvB K‡i w`‡Zb| wKš‘ wZwb ej! Avj−vn hv B”Qv K‡ib Zv e¨ZxZ Avgvi wb‡Ri
†jLvi my‡hvM cvbwb e‡j g‡bi K_v †NvlbvI K‡ibwb| fvj-g‡›`i DciI Avgvi †Kvb AwaKvi †bB|
Kw_Z nq †h, gnvbex †`k-we‡`‡ki ivRv-ev`kv‡`i Avwg hw` fwel¨‡Zi Lei RvbZvg Z‡e †Zv Avwg
wjwLZfv‡e Bmjv‡gi `vIqvZ w`‡Zb, hy× weMÖ‡ni Pzw³ ev cÖf~Z Kj¨vYB jvf Ki‡Z cviZvg Ges †Kvb
mwÜcÎ nhiZ Avjx ev Ab¨‡`i Øviv wjLv‡Zb! wKš‘ Zv‡Z wec`B Avgv‡K ¯úk© Ki‡Z cviZ bv| Avwg †Zv
Zvi wbi¶iZvi cwiPq nq bv| KviY eo eo e¨¯—Zg ïay gywgb†`i Rb¨ mZK©Kvix I mymsev`evnx gvÎ|
†jLK‡`i Ggb mwPe †m‡µUvix wbhy³ K‡i _v‡Kb; 3. A BqvKzjybv-- gyRZv‡Rixb| [10:BDbym-20]
gvB‡Kj gay‡kvab `Ë Avw`Kv‡ji wejvZ †dir wQ‡jb A_©: Bnviv e‡j, Zvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K
Ges Dcb¨vm †jLvi Rb¨ wZwb 5 Rb kªywZ †jLK wbhy³ Zvi wbKU †Kvb wb`k©b AeZxY© nq bv †Kb? ej!
K‡i wQ‡jb; Zvi A_© GB bq †h, wZwb wejvZ †dir fwel¨‡Zi Ávb †Zv †Kej Avj−vniB; †Zvgiv
A‡dir n‡jI wbi¶i wQ‡jb| wkw¶Z I mgåvš— cÖZx¶v Ki AvwgI †Zvgv‡`i m‡½ cÖwZ¶v KiwQ|
cwiev‡ii mš—vbMY GgbwK cÖv_wgK wk¶v MÖnY bv Ki‡jI 4. Ajv AvKzjy-- hv‡jgxb| [11: û`-31] A_©: Avwg
Zviv †h wKQy‡ZB eKjg _vK‡Z cv‡i bv ZvÕnjd K‡i †Zvgv‡`i ewj bv †h, Avgvi wbKU Avj−vni ab-
ejv hvq| ‡gvnv¤§` (mv) m‡e©vP¨ mgåvš— cwiev‡ii mš—vb fvÛvi Av‡Q, Avi bv fwel¨r m¤^‡Ü Avwg AeMZ,
wQ‡jb Ges Kvevi KZ…©Z¡ wQj Zv‡`i nv‡Z Ggb cwiev‡ii Ges Avwg BnvI ewj bv †h, Avwg wdwikZv|
mš—vbÔ†gvnv¤§` (mv) eKjg wQ‡jbÕ Ggb AvcwËKi åvš— †Zvgv‡`i `„wó‡Z hviv †nq Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü Avwg
aviYvi Aemvb nIqv DwPr| Avey‡h‡nj‡`i wk¶vMZ ewj bv †h, Avj−vn Zv‡`i KLbB g½j Ki‡eb bv;
†hvM¨Zv wK wQj! †Kvb& K‡jR-BDwbfviwmwUi wWMÖx wQj Zv‡`i Aš—‡i hv Av‡Q, Zv Avj−vn mg¨K AeMZ|
ZvÕI Zv‡`i mbv³ Kiv DwPr| Zv n‡j Avwg Aek¨B Rvwjg‡`i Aš—f~©³ ne|
* 5. K¡zj−v-Avw¤−Kz-- Avj−vû [10: BDbyQ-49] ej!
Avj−vn hv B”Qv K‡ib Zv Qvov Avgvi wb‡Ri jvf-
30 gnvbex fwel¨r Rvb‡Zb bv ‡jvKmv‡bi Dci Avgvi †Kvb ¶gZv †bB|
89

GZ` m¤^Üxq hvewZq Qwnn (?) nvw`m¸wj †h Wvnv wg_¨v, mv¶x wnmv‡e Avj−vnB h‡_ó| †Kn ivQy‡ji
†Kvivb wei“× Ges gnvbexi bv‡g cwiKwíZ Pµvš— Zv AvbyMZ¨ Ki‡j †m †Zv Avj−vniB AvbyMZ¨ Kij
njd& K‡iB ejv hvq| Ges ‡Kn cÖZ¨vL¨vY Ki‡j †Zvgv‡K Zv‡`i
* ZË¡veavqK wbhy³ Kwiwb|
7. dvKvwZj--| [4 wbQv-84] A_©:-- †Zvgv‡K ïay
31 gnvbexi `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ †Zvgvi wb‡Ri Rb¨B `vqx Kiv n‡e-- |
8. Bbœv AvbRvj&bv-- | [4; wbQv-105, 107] A_©:
1. Bbœv AviQvj bvKv--| [2: evKviv] A_©: Avwg †Zvgvi cÖwZ mZ¨ wKZve bvwRj K‡iwQ hv‡Z Zzwg
†Zvgv‡K mZ¨mn ïf msev``vZv I mZK©Kvixi“‡c †mB Abymv‡i gvby‡li g‡a¨ wePvi-gxgvsmv Ki
†cÖiY K‡iwQ| Rvnvbœvgx‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Zvgv‡K †Kvb Ges wek¦vm f½Kvix‡`i mg_©‡b ZK© KwiI bv| -
cÖkœ Kiv n‡e bv| - hviv wbRw`M‡K cÖZvwiZ K‡i Zv‡`i c‡¶
2. A jvb--|[ 2:evKviv- 120] A_©: Bûw` I SMov weev` KwiI bv|
L„óvbMY †Zvgvi cÖwZ KLbI mš‘ó n‡e bv, hZ¶Y 9. Bbœv AvbRvjbv--| [ 5: gv‡q`v-48] A_©: †Zvgvi
bv Zzwg Zv‡`i ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki| ej, Avj−vni cÖwZ mwVK wKZve AeZxY© K‡iwQ hv AZxZ
c_-wb‡`©kB cÖK…Z c_-wb‡`©k| Ávb Avmvi ci wKZv‡ei mg-A_©‡evaK Ges DnvB msi¶Y Kivi
Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj Lykxi AbymiY Ki Z‡e Rb¨| myZivs Avj−vn hv AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb wVK
Avj−vni wec‡¶ †Zvgvi †Kvb AwffveK cv‡e bv Z`bymv‡i Zv‡`i wePvi wb®úwË KwiI|
Ges †Kvb mvnvh¨KvixI _vK‡e bv| 10.Bqv AvBqynviivQyjy--| [5: gv‡q`v-67] A_©: †n
3. jvBQv AvjvBKv--| [2: evKviv] A_©: Zv‡`i mr ivQyj! †Zvgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K †Zvgvi
c‡_ Avbvi `vq-`vwqZ¡ †Zvgvi bq; eis Avj−vn cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Zv cÖPvi Ki| hw` bv Ki
hv‡K B”Qv mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡ib--| Z‡e Zzwg Zvi Av‡`k A¯^xKviKvix wnmv‡e MY¨
4. A KvRvwjKv--| [42: ïiv-7] A_©: Gfv‡e Avwg n‡e|-- Avj−vn Kvwdi m¤cÖ`vq‡K mr c‡_
†Zvgvi cÖwZ KziAvb AeZxY© KiwQ Aviex fvlvq cwiPvwjZ K‡ib bv|
hv‡Z Zzwg mZK© Ki‡Z cvi gK¡v I Zvi Pvi cv‡ki 11.gv AvjviivQyjx--| [5; gv‡q`v-99] A_©: cÖPvi
RbMY‡K-- | KivB †Kej ivQy‡ji KZ©e¨--|
5. A gv Kv bv--| [3: Bgivb-161] A_©: †Kvb bexi 12.K¡yj AvBqy--| [5: gv‡q`v-19] A_©: -- Ges GB
c‡¶ m¤¢e bq †h, †m wKQy †Mvcb Ki‡e| †h †KD ‡Kvivb Avgvi wbKU †cÖixZ n‡q‡Q †hb †Zvgv‡`i
†Mvcb Ki‡e †m ‡Zv wKqvg‡Zi w`b jyKvb me Ges hvi wbKU †cuŠQ‡e Zv‡`i ‡KvivbØvivB Avwg
welq wb‡qB nvwRi n‡Z eva¨ _vK‡e| mZK© Kwi--|
6. gv AvQvevKv--| [4: wbQv-79, 80] A_©:-- Ges 13.A jv ZvZi“w`--| [5: gv‡q`v-52] A_©: hviv
†Zvgv‡K gvby‡li Rb¨ ivQyj iƒ‡c †cÖiY K‡iwQ Zv‡`i cÖwZcvjK‡K cÖv‡Z I mܨvq Zvi mš‘wói
90

Rb¨ Wv‡K Zv‡`i Zzwg weZvwoZ KwiI bv| Zv‡`i Ges Zvi Rxeb agbx †K‡U †djZvg| AZrci
K‡g©i Revew`wni `vwhZ¡ †Zvgvi bq Ges †Zvgvi ‡Zvgv‡`i mva¨ wQj bv Zv‡K i¶v Ki‡Z|
†Kvb K‡g©i Revew`wni `vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i bq †h Zzwg 22.bvnby Avjvgy--| [50 Kvd-45] A_©: Dnviv hv
Zv‡`i weZvwoZ Ki‡e; Ki‡j Zzwg Rvwjg‡`i e‡j Zv Avwg Rvwb, Zzwg Zv‡`i Dci Rei`w¯—
`jf~³ n‡e| Kvix bI; myZivs ‡h Avgvi kvw¯—‡K fq K‡i Zv‡K
14.A gv byi‡Qjy--| [6 AvbAvg-48] A_©: Dc‡`k `vI Kziv‡bi mvnv‡h¨|
ivQyjMY‡K †Zv ïay mymsev`evnx I mKK©Kvixiƒ‡cB 23.dvRvK¡vi“--| 88: Mvwmqv-21, 22] A_©: AZGe
cvVv‡bv nq--| Zzwg Dc‡`k `vI; Zzwg †Zv GKRb Dc‡`k `vZv
15.A Kv¾vev--| [6: AvbAvg-66] A_©: †Zvgvi gvÎ| Zzwg Zv‡`i kvlK bI|
m¤cÖ`vq †Zv Dnv‡K wg_¨v e‡j‡Q A_P Dnv mZ¨| ***
ej, ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡`i DwKj bB|Õ
16.A jvI kvqvj−vû--| [6 AvbAvg-107] A_©: --
Ges †Zvgv‡K Zv‡`i Rb¨ i¶K wbhy³ Kwiwb| Avi
Zzwg Zv‡`i AwffveK bI|
17.Bj−v Avbv--| [6 AvbAvg-188] A_©: -- Avwg
†Zv ïay Zv‡`i Rb¨ mZK©Kvix hviv Avgv‡K wek¦vm
K‡i|
18.K¡yj! gv BqvK¡yjy--| [10: BDbym-15] A_©:-- ej, civ‡_©
ÔwbR n‡Z Bnv e`jvb Avgvi KvR b‡n| Avgvi PZz_© Aa¨vq
cÖwZ hv Inx nq, Avwg †Kej ZvB AbymiY Kwi|
Avwg Avgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki Aeva¨ n‡j Avwg gnv
w`e‡mi kvw¯— cÖvß n‡ev| 32 †Kvivb c~Y©, mnR-mij
19.A AvËvevZz--| [ 12: BDmyd- 38] A_©: Avwg
Avgvi wcZ…cyi“l Beivnxg, BmnvK Ges BqvKz‡ei hw`I †Kviv‡b ¯^qs Avj−vn AmsL¨evi †NvlYv K‡ib
gZev` AbymiY Kwi--| †h, †Kvivb c~Y©, †Kvivb cwic~Y© Rxeb-giY e¨e¯’v| mgMÖ
20.Qy¤§v AvInvBbv--| [16 bvnj-123] A_©: Avwg gymwjg we‡k¦i G‡nb wek¦vm P‚ovš—fv‡eB †gŠwLK I †k−vMvb
†Zvgv‡K cÖZ¨v‡`k Kijvg, ÔZzwg GKwbô me©¯^ ; ev¯—eZvi m‡½ Gi †Kvb m¤úK© †bB| KviY
Beivnx‡gi ag©`k© AbmiY Ki--| ci¶‡YB Avgv‡`i cybt wek¦vm: †Kviv‡b hv †bB, Zv
21.A jvI ZvKveŸvjv--| [69: nvK¡v-44-47] A_©: nvw`‡m ; nvw`‡m hv †bB, Zv †dKnvq ; †dKnvq hv †bB Zv
†m hw` Avgvi bv‡g wKQy iPbv K‡i cÖPvi Ki‡Zv GRgvq ; GRgvq hv †bB Zv †Kqv‡Q ; †Kqv‡Q hv †bB Zv
Z‡e Avwg Aek¨B Zvi Wvb nvZ a‡i †djZvg, Av‡jg-gydZx‡`i g~‡L! A_©vr Avj−vni †KZv‡e hv †bB Zv
91

gbyl¨ iwPZ Dc-ag©MÖ‡š’; †mLv‡b bv _vK‡j Av‡jg‡`i wek`fv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡iwQ| wKš‘ †ekxi fvM †jvKB Zv
gy‡Li d‡ZvqvB ‡Kvivb Z_v hveZxq `wj‡ji D‡×© Ges A¯^xKvi K‡i|
BnvB Pzovš—! [Zv¾e e‡U!] 5. ABbœv iveŸvKv -- wd wKZv-we¤§yweb| [27:bgj-
G mKj Dc-ag© MÖš’vw`i ¯^c‡¶ gvÎ 3wU mgm¨v 74,75] A_©: ¯^-¯^ Aš—‡i hv wKQy †Mvcb ev cÖKvk
DÌvcb K‡ib: (K) bvgvR wKfv‡e co‡ev (L) RvKvZ KZ K‡i hv‡”Q, Zv Avcb cvjbKZ©v Aek¨B Rv‡b| `„k¨-
Ask w`e (M) FZzeZx wewe †_‡K KZ nvZ `~‡i _vK‡ev| A`„‡k¨i Ggb wKQy †bB hvi D‡j−L GB †KZv‡e †bB|
GiKg K‡qKwU cÖ‡kœi ARynv‡Z †Kviv‡bi cvkvcvwk ci †Kvivb c~Y©, c~Y©fv‡eB cwic~Y©; G‡Z †Kvb m‡›`n ev
ci 5 Lvwb Dc-ag©MÖš’, A_©vr `yÕb¤^ix †_‡K cuvP b¤^ix MÖš’ †KvbB duvK-†dvKo †bB| †Kvivb mnR, mij I cÖvÄj
iwPZ n‡q‡Q| hv enb Ki‡Z Muvav ev Mvwoi cÖ‡qvRb nq| Ges we¯—vwiZ weeiY I c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn [Zdmxi] bvwRj Kiv
†Kviv‡bi Avqv‡Zi msL¨v Kw_Z nq 6,666wU [cÖPwjZ Av‡Q; hv Dc‡ivwj−wLZ AmsL¨ `wjj cÖgvY Øviv
†Kviv‡b cvIqv hvq gvÎ 6,236wU] c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡mi myVvgfv‡eB cÖwZwôZ| myZivs Ô‡Kvivb ms‡¶c, nvw`m
msL¨v 7 nvRvi †_‡K 29 nvRvi GgbwK gZvš—‡i 40 nvRvi Qvov †evSv qvq bv,Õ BZ¨vw` e³e¨ mivmwi Avj−vni
ev j¶| A_©vr kwiqZ cÖZ¨¶ I c‡iv¶fv‡e GUvB ‡Nvlbv wei“‡×B cÖwZev`|†Kvb GKwU ev GKvwaK welq bv eyS‡j
K‡i †h, †Kviv‡bi GKwU evYxI c~Y© bq! c¶vš—‡i, Ggb Zvi A_© G bq †h, Zv Am¤ú~Y© ev ms‡¶c| Avj−vn‡K `vwq
†Kvb cÖkœ ev welq †bB; hvi mgvavb †Kviv‡b †bB: bv K‡i eis Avcb Avcb AvK¡j-Ávb‡K `vwq Kiv DwPr|
1. A-B›`vû --we¤§yexb| [6: AvbAvg-59] A_©: A`„‡k¨i AZGe mva¨gZ †Kvivb co‡Z n‡e, Mfxi wPš—v-M‡elYvq
KzwÄ Zvi Kv‡QB i‡q‡Q, wZwb e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kn Rv‡b ‡evSvi †Póv Ki‡Z n‡e; ey‡S bv Avm‡j Kvqgbev‡K¨
bv| R‡j I ¯’‡j hv wKQy Av‡Q Zv wZwbB AeMZ; Zvi Avj−vni mvnvh¨ cÖv_©bv Ki‡Z n‡e; Avi Zv cÖavbZt Avcb
AÁvZmv‡i GKwU cvZvI c‡o bv; gvwUi AÜKv‡i Avcb fvlvqB m¤¢e|
Ggb †Kvb km¨KYvI AsKzwiZ nq bv ev imhy³ wKsev cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi Av‡jv‡K Av‡jg‡`i wek¦vm †h, †Kvivb
ﮋ Ggb †Kvb e¯‘ †bB hv my¯úó wKZv‡e †bB| Lye ms‡¶c,KwVb I AvKvi Bw½Z gvÎ| Dnvi mwVK A_©
2. Agv BqvÕhyey--we¤§yweb| [10:BDbym-61] A_©: `„k¨- eyS‡Z n‡j nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw` Acwinvh©| GB
A`„‡k¨ [AvKvk-Rwg‡b] wZj cwigvYI †Zvgvi i‡ei ÔAcwinvh©Õ A_©B AZ¨vek¨Kxq, hv‡K Aviex‡Z IqvwRe ev
A‡MvP‡i b‡n| Avi Dnv A‡c¶vI ¶z`ª wKsev e„nr diR e‡j| AZGe diR †Kvivb eyS‡Z di‡Ri diR
mewKQyB GB †KZv‡e wjwLZ Av‡Q| Ônvw`mÕcÖavb I c~e©kZ© wnmv‡e kwiqZ gymwjg mgv‡R
3. A bvR&hvjbv--jxj gym‡jgxb| [16: bvnj-89] A_©: cÖwZôv Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q|
Avwg f³‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡Z¨KwU welq ¯úó e¨vL¨vmn c¶vš—‡i †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i : †Kvivb mnR, mij I
Kj¨vY, c_ wb‡`©k I my-msev`iƒ‡c GB †KZv‡e eY©bv cÖvÄj
K‡iwQ| 1. Avj nvg`y-- BAR¡v| [18: Kvn&d-1] A_©: mKj
4. A jvK¡v`-- Bj−v Kzdz-iv| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-89] Zvwid Avj−vni Rb¨, whwb wbR ev›`vi Kv‡Q GB
A_©: Avwg GB †Kviv‡b gvby‡li Rb¨ mKj welq Ges †KZve bvwRj K‡i‡Qb| hv‡Z wKQy gvÎ RwUjZv
92

†bB| †Kviv‡bi ms‡¶c kã¸wjB Zvi D‡j−L‡hvM¨ cÖgvb, †hgb:


2. Bbœv-nv-R¡vj-- AvRivb Kvweiv| [17: ewb- Avwjd jvg wgg, Bqv wmb, K¡vd, †Qvqv`, nv wgg BZ¨vw`|
BmªvBj-9] A_©: wbðqB GB †Kvivb me‡P‡q mnR I G¸wji A_© QvnvevMY KLbI wK bex‡K wRÁvmv K‡ib
mij c_ cÖ`k©b K‡i| wb! ¯^fveZt Ges ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB K‡i‡Qb wKš‘ Bnv‡`i
3. AjvK¡v`-- Bj−v bydziv| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-41] Abyev`, nvw`‡mi †Kv_vI cwijw¶Z bv nIqvi BnvB cÖavb
A_©:Avwg GB †Kviv‡b eû welq evievi wee„Z K‡iwQ cÖgvY| AZGe †Kvivb co‡Z wM‡q hLb hv †evaMg¨ bv nq
hv‡Z Dnviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i| wKš‘ Dnv‡Z Dnv‡`i ZLbB mnR mij g‡b ¯^xKvi K‡i wb‡Z n‡e †h Aš—Z H
weg~LZvB e„w× cvq| AvqvZwUi Rb¨ Avj−vn Avgvi ü`‡q †gvni K‡i w`‡q‡Qb,
4. A jv K¡v`-- wg¤§yÏvwKi| [54: Kvgvi-17, 22, 32, AZGe c~Y©fv‡e AvZ¥mgc©Y K‡i Mfxi M‡elYvq wbgMœ
40] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i †evSvi Rb¨ Avwg GB †Kvivb‡K †_‡K †gvni gy‡Q †dj‡Z cvi‡jB gg©v_©wU ü`½g nÕ‡Z
mnRZi K‡i bvwRj K‡iwQ| wKš‘ Dc‡`k MÖnY Kivi cv‡i| GRb¨B ejv n‡q‡Q †h †Kvivb mvaK, Ávbx-
gZ †KD Av‡Q wK? weÁvbx‡`i Rb¨| cweÎ bv n‡q A_©vr wbi‡c¶, wb‡ew`Z
5. A BDevwq¨by-- Bqv ZvRvK¡vi“b| [2:evKviv-221; 3: bv n‡q †Kvivb †evSv [¯úk©] hvq bv| Avwg ev Avgiv eywS
Bgivb-118] A_©: gvbe RvwZi Rb¨ AvqvZmg~n bv e‡jB Ô†Kvivb ms‡¶cÕ, nvw`‡mi `iKvi Av‡QÕ
wek` e¨vL¨vmn eywS‡q †`qv n‡jv; †hb Zviv Dc‡`k BZ¨vw` e¨vw³ I `jxq d‡Zvqv mivmwi †Kvivb wei“×|
jvf Ki‡Z m¶g nq| *
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ AmsL¨ hyw³ cÖgvY I cÖZ¨¶ mv¶x _vKvi
c‡iI †KD hw` e‡j †h, †Kvivb AvKvi, Bw½Z ev 33 †Kvivb e¨vL¨vmn AeZxY©
ms‡¶‡c ewY©Z; Z‡e Zvi †P‡q Rvwjg Avi †K n‡Z cv‡i!
Z‡e GUv wVK †h †Kviv‡bi cwic~Y© gg©v_© Kv‡iv c‡¶ 1. A jv K¡v` Qviivdbv--hv`vjv| [18:Kvn&d-54] A_©:
Rvbv, †evSv †Kvbw`bI m¤¢e bq; KviY Zv‡Z †Kviv‡bi Avwg gvby‡li Rb¨ GB †Kviv‡b wewfbœ D`vniY Øviv
¸i“Z¡ I MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv †mLv‡bB †kl n‡q hvq| KviY †Kvivb c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv K‡iwQ| wKš‘ gvbyl AwaKvsk
GK e¨w³ ev GKwU Kv‡ji Rb¨B bq| Dnvi gg©v_© Kv‡ji e¨vcv‡iB Zv A¯^xKvi K‡i Ges SMov I gZwe‡iv‡a
Dci wbf©ikxj; GRb¨B ejv n‡q‡Q †h Avj−vni GKwU wjß nq !
evYxi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z mKj MvQ Kjg Ki, mKj mgy`ª †kl 2. A nv-Rv--wj KvDwg Bqv¾vK¡viƒb| [6: AvbAvg-
K‡i nvRvi mgy`ª Kvwj Ki ZeyI †kl n‡e bv (`ª: 126] A_©: BnvB †Zvgvi i‡ei wb‡`©wkZ mnR mij
18:109;31:27) GgbwK †Kvb bexB Zvi Dci Awc©Z c_| hviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ AvqvZ¸wj
Awni c~Y© A_© Rvb‡Zb bv| Avj−vn e‡jb, ÔDnv Avq‡Z¡i c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn wee„Z K‡iwQ|
Rb¨ [†evSvi Rb¨] Nb Nb †VvuU bvwoI bv, Dnv msi¶Y I 3. A BD evwq¨byj−v-nv --Avjxgyb nvwKg| [24: b~i-18,
†evSvevi `vwqZ¡ Avgvi|Õ [†Kvivb] 46, 58, 61] A_©: Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Zvi
†Kviv‡b GiKg †ek wKQy Qyiv I AmsL¨ AvqvZ Av‡Q; evYxmg~n c~Y© e¨vL¨vmn wee„Z K‡i‡Qb|
93

4. gv-Kv-bv nvw`QvBuqydZviv--BDgxbyb| [12: BDmyd- eywS‡q w`‡Z; hv‡Z †Zvgv‡`i ¶gv Kiv hvq| Avj−vn
111] A_©: nvw`‡mi [†Kvivb‡KB nvw`m e‡j mbv³ me©Á I weÁvbgq|
Kiv n‡q‡Q] evYx wg_¨v b‡n| wek¦vmx‡`i Rb¨ AZxZ 3. dv Bbœvgv--KvDgvj−yÏv| [19: gwiqg-97] A_©:
†KZve¸wji mgv_©K Ges Dnv‡`iB wek` e¨vL¨v, Avwg‡Zv †Kvivb‡K †Zvgvi fvlvq mnRZi K‡i
†n`v‡qZ I ingZ| [AweKj AvqvZ †Kviv‡b AmsL¨] w`‡qwQ, hv‡Z Zzwg mZ¨ev`x‡`i mwVKfv‡e eywS‡q
5. Agv-Kv-bv --Av-jvgxb| [10: BDbym-37] A_©: w`‡Z cvi Ges Amr‡`i mveavb Ki‡Z cvi|
GB †Kvivb Avj−vn e¨ZxZ Ab¨ Kv‡iv iPbv b‡n| 4. KvRv-wjKv--ZvÕK¡zjyb| [24: b~i-61;44: `yLvb-
c¶vš—‡i, Bnvi c~‡e© hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q, Bnv ZviB 58] A_©: Gfv‡eB Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ Zvi
mgv_©K [mg-A_©†evaK; A_©vr GK I Awfbœ] Ges weavb¸wj wek` e¨vL¨v mnKv‡i wee„Z K‡ib, hv‡Z
DnviB wek` e¨vL¨v gvÎ| †Zvgiv eyS‡Z cv‡iv|
6. Dbhyi-- BqvdKvûb| [6: AvbAvg-65] A_©: †`L! 5. A gvQvjyj−vRx-- BqvwK¡jyb [2:evKviv-171] A_©:
Avwg AvqvZmg~n †Kgb we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv Kv‡di‡`i Dcgv Ggb †hgb †Kn PxrKvi, kã ev myi
K‡iwQ †hb Zviv eyS‡Z cv‡i| Qvov Avi wKQyB †ev‡S bv; Zviv gyK ewai I AÜ|
7. Kv RvwjKv--BqvmKziƒb& [7: Avivd-58] A_©: myZivs Zviv eyS‡e bv|
Gfv‡eB K…ZÁ m¤cÖ`v‡qi Rb¨ Avgvi AvqvZ we¯— 6. gvQvjyj−vRxbv--Rv‡jgxb| [62: Rygyqv-5] A_©: hv‡`i
vwiZfv‡e e¨vL¨v Kwi| ZvIiv‡Zi `vwqZ¡fvi †`qv n‡qwQj; AZtci Dnv
8. A jvKv`--bydzivb| 17: ewb-BmªvBj-41] A_©: GB eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i wb, Zv‡`i Dcgv cy¯—K enbKvix
‡Kviv‡b eû welq Avwg evievi wee„Z K‡iwQ hv‡Z Muvavi gZ! KZ wbK…ó †m RvwZ, hviv Avj−vni
Dnviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i| wKš‘ Bnv‡Z Zv‡`i AvqvZ‡K wg_¨v cÖwZcbœ K‡i| Avj−vn Rvwjg RvwZ‡K
weg~LZvB e„w× cvq| mrc_ †`Lvb bv|
* 7. Av-dvjv--AvK¡dv-hynv| [47:gynv¤§`-24] A_©: ZeyI
wK Giv †Kvivb wb‡q wPš—v M‡elYv †gv‡UB Ki‡e bv?
34 †Kvivb ey‡S covi KwVb ZvwM` bv Zv‡`i ü`‡q Zvjv gviv i‡q‡Q!!
8. jvK¡v`--ZvwK¡jyb| [21:Avw¤^qv- 10] A_©: Avwg
1. AZvÕgyiƒbvbœv-Qv--ZvwK¡Õjyb| [2:evKviv-44] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ †KZve AeZxY© K‡iwQ, hv †Zvgv‡`i
†Zvgiv mrKv‡R gvbyl‡`i wb‡`©k `vI Avi wb‡R‡`i Rb¨ Dc‡`‡k cwic~Y©| ZeyI wK †Zvgiv eyS‡Z †Póv
e¨vcv‡i fz‡j _vK? A_P †Zvgiv †KZve co, Z‡e Ki‡e bv?
ey‡S †`L bv †Kb? 9. Bbœv mviiv--BqvwK¡jyb| [8:Avbdvj-22] A_©:
2. BDwi`yj−v-û--Avjxg~j nvwKg| [4:wbQv-26] A_©: Avj−vni wbKU wbK…óZg Rxe †mB †h ewai I gyK
Avj−vn B”Qv K‡ib †Zvgv‡`i wbKU c~Y© e¨vL¨v mn hviv wKQyB ey‡S bv|
wee„Z Ki‡Z, AZxZ †KZv‡ei ixwZbxwZ †Zvgvw`M‡K 10. AjvKv`--Mv‡djxb| [7:Avivd-179] A_©: Avwg †Zv
94

eû wRbœ I gvbe‡K Rvnvbœv‡gi Rb¨ m„wó K‡iwQ; †Kvivb eyS‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q; hv‡Z †Kvb cÖKv‡ii fyj-åvwš—
Zvnvw`‡Mi ü`q Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv Dcjwä K‡i bv; ev e¨wZµg bv nq| BnvB Ôh_vh_fv‡eÕ covi Zvrch©| myi
Zv‡`i P¶z Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv †`‡L bv; Zv‡`i Kvb Zvj i¶vi Rb¨ †Kvivb bvwRj nqwb|
Av‡Q wKš‘ ZØviv kªeY K‡i bv; Bnviv cïi b¨vq, eis Avgv‡`i mb¥vwbZ Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY welqwU Dcjwä
Bnv A‡c¶vI AwaK weåvš—| Zviv AZ¨š— Mvwdj| Ki‡Z cvi‡j Bmjv‡gi e¨w³K I Avš—R©vwZK Ae¶q †iva
11. ABqvAvjy--Bqv‡Kjyb| [10:BDbym-100] A_©: Ges n‡q cybt cÖMwZi w`‡K avweZ nIqv Aev¯—e bq|
hviv eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv Avj−vn Zv‡`i Dci *
bvcvKx/AveR©bv wb‡¶c K‡ib|
12. Aj−vwRbv-- LvwQi“b| [ 2: evKviv-121] A_©: 35 †Kvivb g~L¯— Kivi Rb¨ bq
hv‡`i‡K ‡KZve w`‡qwQ Zv‡`i hviv h_vh_fv‡e Bnv
Ave„wË K‡i ZvivB Bnv‡Z wek¦vm K‡i, Avi hviv Bnv c~‡e© I c‡i Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, †Kviv‡bi ûeû ev
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i Zviv ¶wZMÖ¯—| c~Y© A_© †evSv Kv‡iv c‡¶ KLbI m¤¢e bq| KviY
kwiqZ Dwj−wLZ GKgvÎ 12bs AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K A_© †Kviv‡bi g~j A_© cÖK…wZ I Kv‡ji m‡½ IrcÖ‡Zvfv‡e
Dcjwã e¨wZ‡i‡K gvÎ myi-Zvj wVK †i‡L co‡j ev gyL¯— RwoZ| Kvj hZ Mov‡e weÁvb my‡Îi gZ Dnvi A_©I
Ki‡jB A¶i cÖwZ 10wU †Qvqv‡e wek¦vmx| g~jZt ch©vqµ‡g weeZ©‡bi avivq gvby‡li ‡evaMg¨ n‡Z _vK‡e;
Dc‡ivwj−wLZ 1 †_‡K 11 bs AvqvZ¸wji Av‡jv‡K Zv‡`i Bnv bZzb †Kvb Z_¨ bq eis BnvB weeZ©‡bi ag©| wkï-
nvw`m mgw_©Z wek¦vm¸wj åvš— I †Kvivb wei“× e‡jB cÖgvb wK‡kviMY Ôwe‡qÕ kãwU j¶¨ evi gyL¯— K‡i ü`‡q †Mu‡_
K‡i| ivL‡jI ch©vqµ‡g wbw`©ó GKwU Kv‡j bv †cuŠQv ch©š— Dnvi
BwZnvm mv¶¨ †`q †h, nhiZ Imgvb (iv) ch©š— mß K¡vixi ev¯—ev_© †evaMg¨ ev Dcjwã nIqv wKQy‡ZB m¤¢eci bq,
mß msKj‡bi mß my‡ii †Kvivb cÖPwjZ wQj; Z…Zxq eis Aev¯—e| gnvbex wb‡RI me A_© †evSvi Rb¨ AvcÖvY
Ljxdvi ci †_‡K AvR Aewa wØZ¡ K¡vixi wØZ¡ msKj‡b †Póv Ges nvûZvm Ki‡Zb ; ZvB Avj−vn Zuv‡K kvš—bv w`‡q
wØZ¡ my‡ii †Kvivb ejer Av‡Q| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvwg e‡jb:
wek¦‡Kvl; †Kvivb Aa¨vq, c„: 336-338]| myZivs †Kvb& Ôjv Zznvi‡iKz wewn--evBqvbvû| [75:wKqvgv-16-
D”PviY ev †Kvb& K¡vixi myiwU †Kb Ges wK‡mi Dci wfwË 18] A_©: Bnv AvqË¡ Kivi Rb¨ †Zvgvi wRnŸ&v Nb Nb †b‡ov
K‡i h_vh_ e‡j wek¦vm Kiv hvq! ZvQvov we‡k¦i Rb msL¨v bv| Dnv msi¶Y I Ave„wË Kiv‡bvi `vwqZ¡ AvgviB|
hZ, cigvYy cwigvY n‡jI my‡ii †ni-‡di ZZ| GgZve¯— myZivs hLb Avwg cwo Zzwg †mB cv‡Vi AbymiY K‡iv|
vq kwiq‡Zi wek¦vmwUi cigvY~ cwigvbI MÖnY‡hvM¨Zv Av‡Q Zvici Gi wek` e¨vL¨vi `vwqZ¡I Avgvi|
e‡j g‡b nq bv| kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm g‡Z ÔAwn gyL¯— ivLvi Rb¨B gnvbex Nb
g~jZt †Kviv‡b Avj−vn hv ej‡Qb ev eySv‡Z Pv‡”Qb, DnvB Nb †VuvU bvo‡Zb ev AvcÖvY †Póv Ki‡Zb|Õ AZtci wZwb
wbi‡c¶ Áv‡b wePvi we‡k−l‡Y wVK wVK †hb ZvBB cvVK e¨_© n‡Zb e‡jB‡Zv AwnwU bvwRj K‡i ivQyj‡K kvš—bv
ü`½g K‡ib; Ggb Zxeª Zx¶è m‡PZbZv Aej¤^b K‡i w`‡q‡Qb e‡jB cÖgvY| myZivs c~Y© †Kvivb ivQy‡ji †h gyL¯—
95

wQj bv ev cÖ‡qvRbI wQj bv Zv Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU R¡jš— _v‡K bv, †h‡nZz ZvivI †ckv`vix wk¶v MÖnY K‡i
cÖgvY| gyjZt ivQyj Awn gyL¯— K‡i cÖPwjZ nv‡dR nIqvi †ckv`vix wk¶K n‡q‡Qb| Ggb cix¶vq GKRb nv‡dR
Rb¨ Nb Nb †VuvU bvo‡Zb bv, KviY Awn Avmvi m‡½ kZfvM K…ZKvh© n‡eb wKbv ¸i“Zi m‡›`n Av‡Q; Z‡e
m‡½B‡Zv 4/5 R‡bB wjL‡Zb; myZivs Zuvi fy‡j hvIqvi Ôe¨wZµgÕ kãwUi Avjv`v ˆewkó¨ _vK‡jI gvÎ gyL¯—
KviY ev hyw³ †Kv_vq! kwiq‡Zi wek¦v‡m wZwb hLb gyL¯—B Kvix‡K Ôcy¯—K enbKvix Mvavi Zzj¨ eis Zvi †P‡qI RNb¨
ivL‡Z cvi‡Zb bv ev cv‡ib wb hv j¶ j¶ nv‡dRMY e‡j †Kviv‡b †Nvlbv K‡i| [`ª: Rygyqv-5]
gyL¯— K‡i‡Qb e‡j `vex K‡ib GgbwK mb` cÎI Av‡Q! 1985/86 mv‡ji †QvÆ GKwU BwZnvm GLv‡bB D‡j−L
ZLb AmvaviY Ges KwVbZi welq †Kviv‡bi c~Y© A_© Ki‡Z nq| R‰bK e¨w³ Bqs gymwjg †mvmvBwUi Awd‡m
†evSv wK K‡i aviYv Kiv hvq! AZGe gnvbex Awn gyL¯’ G‡m Aby‡hvM K‡ib †h, GjvKvi R‰bK nv‡dR mv‡ne‡K
Kivi Rb¨ bq eis A_© †evSvi Rb¨B AvcÖvY †Póv †Kvivb LZg covevi Rb¨ fvov K‡ib| Pzw³gZ h_v mgq
Ki‡Zb, hv †Kvb cÖKv‡iB m¤¢e wQj bv e‡jB Avj−vn †ZjvIqvZ ïi“ K‡ib; wKš‘ Zvi fvM¨wU †Zgb mycÖmbœ wQj
cÖ‡qvRb gZ gnvbex‡K eywS‡q †`qvi Avk¦vm w`‡q‡Qb| bv| KviY f`ª †jvKwUi ¯¿xI †Kviv‡b cÖPwjZ nv‡dR
Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi †Rv‡i P¨v‡jÄ w`‡q †NvlYv Kiv hvq †h, wQ‡jb| wZwb j¶¨ Ki‡jb nv‡dR mv‡ne c‡` c‡` fyj
we‡k¦i cÖPwjZ RxweZ ev g„Z †Kvb nv‡d‡RiB ûeû c~Y© Ges AvqvZ ev` w`‡q †ZjvIqvr Ki‡Qb, Zv‡ZI f`ª
†Kvivb ci¤úivq gyL¯— Ki‡jI gyL¯— _v‡K bv ev wQj bv gwnjv wKQy e‡jb wb KviY wb‡Ri nv‡dRx m¤^‡Ü wb‡RiB
Ges AvRI †bB| GBgvÎ wb‡Ri †jLv KweZv, Mí ev `ye©jZv wQj| wKš‘ `Õyw`b c‡i †`L‡Z †c‡jb †h, Av¯—
mvgvb¨ wPwVi `vwo-Kgvmn †KBev gyL¯— ej‡Z cv‡i! gvÎ Qyiv¸wj ev` w`‡q c‡o hv‡”Qb| AZtci ¯^vgx‡K NUbv
GKwU Qyiv evKviv †h †KD gyL¯— K‡i mßvnLv‡bK ci eY©bv Ki‡j wZwb nv‡dR mv‡ne‡K †W‡K KviY `wk©‡q
†Kviv‡bi †gv‡RRv cix¶v K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡ib †h, ûeû LZg cov eÜ K‡i Pzw³i AvswkK gRyix w`‡q we`vq
gyL¯— Kiv QyivwU gyL¯— Av‡Q wKbv! gymwjg we‡k¦i ag©cÖvY, K‡ib| AZtci nv‡dR mv‡ne wKQy Dk„sLj hyeK I Av‡jg
AvMÖnkxj Ges mswk−ó Kg©KZ©v‡`i AvnŸvb RvbvB Avš— mgvR R‡ov K‡i Zvi evwo‡Z PovI nq| gvwjK NUbvwU
R©vwZKfv‡e m¤¢eci bv n‡jI evsjv‡`‡ki Aš—Z `kRb Zv‡`i Ly‡j ej‡j nv‡dR mv‡ne A¯^xKvi K‡ib Ges
nv‡dR‡`i ûeû †Kvivb gyL¯— Av‡Q wKbv! Zv cÖKv‡k¨ ÔAv‡jg mgv‡Ri Acgvb Kiv n‡q‡Q; †h nv‡d‡Ri gyL
Mfxi mZK©Zvi mv‡_ GiKg GKwU HwZnvwmK cix¶vi †`L‡j QwMiv ¸Yv gvd nq
e¨e¯’v Kiv †nvK| †mB nv‡d‡Ri i“wRi Dci jvw_ gviv n‡q‡QÕ BZ¨vw` cvëv
nv‡dRMY ch©vqµ‡g c„ôvi ci c„ôv, Aa¨v‡qi ci Aa¨vq Awf‡hv‡M gvwjK‡K †n¯— b¨¯— K‡i ‡kl ch©š— Amgvß
ev Qyivi ci Qyiv `xN© Kvj a‡i gyL¯— Ki‡Z _v‡Kb Ges LZ‡gi c~Y© gRyix Av`vq K‡i †bb Ges Av‡jg‡`i m‡½
Ask Ask K‡i cix¶v †`b; Gfv‡e gyL¯— K‡iB Zviv Abyiƒc e¨envi Ki‡j wbN©vZ ÔRvnvbœvgÕ d‡Zvqv w`‡q
nv‡dR mb`& cÖvß nb| gv`ªvmv KZ…©c¶ c~Y© †Kvivb gyL‡¯—i we`vq nb|
mivmwi Ges cÖKv‡k¨ avivevwnK dvBbvj cix¶v †bb bv| *
Avi hZUzKz †bb Zv cÖnmb, m‡›`n I c¶cvwZ‡Z¡i D‡×©
96

36 †Kvivb Ávbx‡`i Rb¨ I RvKvZB h‡_ó e‡j g‡b K‡ib| Gi evwn‡i †Kvivb
M‡elYvq Zv‡`i wZj cwigvYI AvMÖn †bB, B”QvI †bB,
1. AwZév--BqvÕjvgyb| [2:evKviv- †bB cÖ‡qvRbI| KviY Zv‡Z ev`kvnx nvivevi fq Av‡Q
219,230,242,266] A_©: Dnv Avj−vni evYx--Ávbx e‡jB co‡j, gyL¯— Ki‡jB †Qvqve BZ¨vw` Ac-cÖPvi
RvwZi Rb¨B we¯—vwiZfv‡e e¨vL¨v K‡iwQ| cÖwZóv K‡i Avivg wcÖq myweavev`x gvby‡li wek¦vm AR©b
2. K¡v` evBqvbv--ZvÕwKjyb| [3:Bgivb-118; Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q|
7:Avivd-32] A_©: Ávbx‡`i Rb¨B Avgvi AvqvZ¸wj wØZxq cÖavb KviY
wek` e¨vL¨vmn ewY©Z n‡jv| fvlvi gva¨‡g fve cÖKv‡ki cÖavbZ 3wU c_: M`¨, c`¨
3. Avdvjv ZvqvwK¡jyb| [7:Avivd-169; 10:BDbym- I Mvb| M`¨: K_v, evYx ev e³…Zv| c`¨: c‡` c‡` wgj
16, 42, 43] A_©: †Zvgiv wK †gv‡UB Ávb LvUv‡e †i‡L hv ewY©Z nq| Mvb: myi ev jnixi gva¨‡g †h fve
bv? cÖKvk Kiv nq| A_©vr GKB welq g‡bi fve K_vi gva¨‡g
4. K¡v` dv”Qvj bv--Bqvjvgyb| [6:AvbAvg-97, 98, cÖKvk‡K M`¨, Q‡›`i gva¨‡g cÖKvk‡K c`¨ I my‡ii gva¨‡g
105] A_©: Ávbx‡`i Rb¨B Avgvi AvqvZmgyn c~Y© cÖKvk‡K Mvb e‡j|
e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv K‡iwQ| GKwU gvby‡li 3wU †`n h_v: ¯’zj, my² I †R¨vwZ ev b~i
5. A nvRv--BqRv°viƒb| [6:AvbAvg-126] A_©: GB †`n| cÖavbZ M`¨ ¯’zj †`‡ni, c`¨ my² †`‡ni, Ges Mvb
†Zv n‡”Q Avcbvi cvjY KZ©vi mnR mij c_; hviv †R¨vwZ †`‡ni fvlv [e¨wZµg Av‡Q e‡U!]| †R¨wZ ev b~i
Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i Zv‡`i Rb¨ AvqvZmg~n c~Y© †`nB Avj−vn| Avj−vû b~i“”QvgvIqvwZ Aj AvØ© A_©: Avj−vn
e¨vL¨vmn eY©bv Kwi| `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i †R¨vwZ ev b~i| GB b~i †`‡ni fvlvB Mvb|
6. A bydvw”Qjyj--Bqvjvgyb| [9:ZIev-11] A_©: Mv‡bi fvlv‡ZB Avj−vn K_v e‡jb e‡jB AZx‡Zi mKj
Ávbx‡`i Rb¨B Avgvi AvqvZ¸wj wek` e¨vL¨vmn Hkx MÖš’¸wj myi-Q›` ev Mv‡bi gva¨‡g bvwRj n‡q‡Q; GB
eY©bv K‡iwQ| †Kvivb I ZvB| Gi †Kvb& ev‡K¨ KZUzKz myi w`‡Z n‡e,
Abyiƒc AmsL¨ AvqvZ †Kviv‡b weØgvb; myZivs co‡j, †mB ¯^i Ges myiwjwcmn †Kvivb bvwRj Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB
ïb‡j my‡ii ZviZg¨ K‡i †ZjvIqvZ Ki‡j kwiqZ Aï×
ev gyL¯’ K‡i nv‡dR-K¡vix n‡q †Qvqve AR©‡bi †KvbB †ZjvIqvZ e‡j MY¨ K‡i| c¶vš—‡i, GB myi Z_v Mvb‡KB
my‡hvM-myweav †bB eis cv‡ci ûgwK Av‡Q| nvivg †NvlYv Kiv n‡q‡Q! c¶vš—‡i GB myi Qvov Av‡jgMY
* IqvR-bwQnZI Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv ; †hLv‡b myi G‡Kev‡iB
Aevš—i, A_©nxb e‡U!
37 †Kvivb bv †evSvi KviY Gm¤^‡Ü KLbI †Kvb cÖkœ DÌvwcZ n‡j Avj−vgvMY Zvi
cÖ_g I cÖavb KviY m½Z Reve w`‡Z cÖ¯‘Z Av‡Qb wK bv m‡›`n| e¯‘Ztc‡¶
Aviex fvlv bv RvbvB cÖavb KviY| Z‡e Aviex ev`kvMY k−xj-Ak−xj, Kj¨vY-AKj¨vYKi Z_v mZ¨-wg_¨v: K_v,
Zv‡`i ev`kvnx i¶vq iwPZ kwiq‡Zi bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ KweZv, Mvb, Bw½Z-Bkviv, IqvR, fvlY BZ¨vw`
97

mgfv‡eB nvivg ev nvjvj| G‡Z wZj cwigvYI cv_©K¨ wQ‡jb; c¶vš—‡i, AwaKvsk wkw¶ZMYB cÖvß wk¶vi
_vKvi m½Z †Kvb KviY ‡bB| c¶vš—‡i GB myi ev Mvb k„sL‡j Ave× †_‡K Ávbx n‡Z e¨_© n‡”Qb| wkw¶Z
wb‡q mgv‡Ri AwaKvsk Av‡jg Avj−vgvMY Avw`Kvj †jv‡Ki Abyev‡`i GKwU AwZ mvaviY Ges mnR-mij
†_‡KB SMov dvQv`, gvivgvwi, LybvLybx K‡i Avm‡Qb| Dcgv wb‡æ j¶¨Yxq: wek¦ Kwe, Ávbx [Av‡jg] iex›`ªbv‡_i
gvbyl ag©-Kg© Z_v mvab-fRb K‡i hLb wb‡Ri b~i Mvb: ÒMM‡b Mi‡R †gN, Nb eilv/ K‚‡j GKv e‡m AvwQ,
†`‡ni mÜvb cvq; ZLbB Avj−vni fvlvi †cÖiYv cvq, bvwn fimv|Ó
eyS‡Z cv‡i; AZtci GB ¯’zj †`‡ni gva¨‡gB ¯^-¯^ AvwfavwbK A_©: MM‡b=AvKv‡k; Mi‡R=kã K‡i;
gvZ…fvlvq cÖKvk cvq Ges BnvB Awn| f³ I †gN=AvKv‡ki †gNgvjv; Nb eilv=Zzgyj e„wó;
mrKg©kxjMYB GB b~i †`‡ni mÜvb cvq e‡jB †Kviv‡b K‚‡j=wKbv‡i ev cv‡i; GKv=GKvKx; e‡m AvwQ=e‡m
Zv‡`i‡K m„wói †kªô A_©vr bex-ivQyj mgv‡Ri †jvK e‡j i‡qwQ; bvwn= bvB; fimv=Dcvq| mijv_©: ÒAvKv‡k
†NvlYv K‡i, Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby A AvwgjyQ QwjnvwZ Djv- †g‡Ni MR©b I Zzgyj e„wói g‡a¨ Kwe GKv wbi“cvq n‡q
BKv ûg LvBi“j evwiqvZ| [98: evB‡qbv-7] A_©: f³ I wKbv‡i e‡m i‡q‡Qb|Ó
mr cwikªgxMYB m„wói †kªô| GB b~i †`n cÖvß †jvK Qvov Dwj−wLZ mijv‡_© AnsKvix, wnsmyK fvlvwe`MY jvBb
[GivB Ávbx, Av‡jg; mgvR I ivóª cwiPvjbvi `vwqZ¡ `yÕwUi wei“‡× mn‡RB AmsL¨ cÖkœ DÌvcb Ki‡Z cv‡ib;
G‡`iB] Avj−vni Mv‡bi A_©vr †Kviv‡bi Abyev` m¤ú~Y© GgbwK Kwe‡K wb‡e©va, Avn¤§K e‡jI cÖgvb Ki‡Z cv‡ib
Aev¯—e I Am¤¢e| Z‡e †Kviv‡bi Ô†gvnKvgvZÕ A_©vr Ges mg_©bI Av`vq Ki‡Z cv‡ib| c¶vš—‡i AÜ f³MY
Av‡`k wb‡la Aa¨vqUzKz mwVK Abyev` Ki‡Z cv‡ib e‡U! Ggb GKwU AvenvIqv I cwi‡ek †c‡jB ivZ †R‡M †R‡M
wKš‘ Ô†gvZvmv‡envZÕ A_©vr ب_©†evaK, iƒcK ev `k©b b`x-bvjv, Lvj-cyKzi ev gv‡Vi wKbv‡i e‡m e„wó‡Z wf‡R
Aa¨v‡qi mwVK Abyev` Kiv m¤¢e bq| KweZv-Mv‡bi wf‡R gnv Kwei KvíwbK mybœZ AbymiY K‡i Zvi my`„wó
mwVK Abyev` Kiv `vk©wbK, fveev`x Qvov LyeB KwVb| AvKk©‡Yi †Póv Ki‡eb| g~jZt Kwe †h Áv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z,
†Kviv‡bi Abyev` Ggb Ávbx Øviv Abyw`Z nq wb; fvlvwe` †h †cÖiYvq evYx¸wj Avß n‡qwQ‡jb, AweKj Abyiƒc
ev wkw¶Z‡`i Øviv Abyw`Z n‡q‡Q| hv‡`i Ávb eyw× cÖvß Av‡jvKcÖvß ev †cÖiYvcÖvß e¨w³B †Kej cv‡ib Zvi mwVK
wk¶v I Awfav‡bi k„sL‡j e›`x| †Kviv‡bi KvMR-Kvwj, gg©vbyev` Ki‡Z| Ggb †Kvb Av‡jg-†evRM© ev `vk©wbK
A¶i, fvlv-evK¨ ev AvwfavwbK A_©B †Kvivb bq, Øviv †Kvivb Abyw`Z nq wb e‡j †Kvivb bv †evSvi Avi
†Kviv‡bi gg©v_© DcjwãB †Kvivb| GKwU cÖ_vb KviY|
ag©-Kg©, mvab-fRb I KwVb M‡elYv K‡i hviv gvbe we‡k¦i AmsL¨ fvlvq †Kviv‡bi Abyev` n‡q‡Q mZ¨
Kj¨v‡Yi ¯’vqx c_ I gZ& Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z m¶g nb, ZvivB wKš‘ Zv AvwfavwbK,ev mij Abyev` Kiv n‡q‡Q| AvR
cÖK…Z Av‡jg, Avj−vgv ev Ávbx-weÁvbx; GB Ávbx‡`i ch©š— †KnB fvevbyev` ev gg©vbyev` Ki‡Z m¶g nq wb ev
Avwe®‹…Z welq wk¶v jvf K‡i hviv K…ZKvh© nb ZvivB mvnmI cvbwb| hviv †Póv K‡i‡Qb Zviv ag©vÜ KZ…©K
wkw¶Z| wk¶v e¯‘Ztc‡¶ Áv‡bi c_ cÖk¯— K‡i ; wKš‘ me©Kv‡jB wbM„nxZ n‡q‡Qb, Kv‡di d‡Zvqv †c‡q‡Qb, LyY
ej‡Z wØav †bB †h, we‡k¦i AwaKvsk ÁvbxMYB Awkw¶Z n‡q‡Qb Ges AvRI n‡”Qb|
98

Z…Zxq cÖavb KviY wKQy K‡iB _v‡Kb Z‡e m‡½ m‡½ Zv‡K Kv‡di, †gviZv`
†Kvivb Z_v mKj Hkx MÖš’B Ggb MÖš’, hv mvwn‡Z¨i BZ¨vw` d‡Zvqv Rvix K‡i mgvR †_‡K weZvwoZ K‡ib|
mvwnZ¨, `k©‡bi `k©b, we‡k¦i mgyn MÖš’vw`i MÖš’; Dnv‡Z c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, GKwU KIg ev RvwZ‡K asm
AZxZ, eZ©gvb I fwel¨Z; `„k¨-A`„k¨, †Mvcb-cÖKvk, Kivi GKgvÎ cš’v, Zv‡`i Hkx msweavb Q‡j, e‡j, Kjv-
Rxeb-giY-Rxeb, i“p RMZ, Ggb wKQy †bB hv †Kviv‡b †KŠk‡j, A_©vr †h †Kvbfv‡eB †nvK Zv fywj‡q †`qv| GB
†bB| GKB Amª AZxZ eZ©gvb mKj RvwZi †¶‡ÎB mgfv‡e
1. K¡z j−vD--gv`v`v| [18: Kvnd-109; 31:†jvKgvb- e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q|
27] A_©: ej! Avgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki evYx wjwce× Kivi cyivKv‡j †e` cov ev ¯úl© Kiv †Zv `~‡ii K_v! hw`
Rb¨ mgy`ª hw` Kvwj nq, Z‡e Avgvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki K_v cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q †h, AgyK ï`ª cweÎ †e‡`i evYx ï‡b
†kl nevi c~‡e©B mgy`ª wbt‡kl n‡q hv‡e AZtci Dnvi †d‡j‡Q, Avi Agwb cy‡ivwnZ, VvKzi I eªvþY bvgavix
Abyiƒc AviI mgy`ª Avb‡jI †kl n‡q hv‡e wKš‘ ZrKvjxb bv‡q‡e AeZviMY wcZj Mwj‡q ï‡`ªi Kv‡b
Avj−vni evYx †kl n‡e bv| †X‡j w`‡q Zv‡`i Dcwbl‡`i [nvw`‡mi] cvqiex K‡i cyY¨
2. A B›`vû gvdv-wZûj--Bj−v-wd wKZv-we¤§yexb| nvwmj Ki‡Zb| H GKB myÎ weewZ©Z n‡q AvR Giƒc
[AvbAvg-59] A_©: Avi Zvi wbKU ¸ß Z‡Ë¡i Pvwe-- `vuwo‡q‡Q ‡h,: Ò†Kvivb co‡j †Qvqve, ïb‡j †Qvqve,
Ggb wK gvwUi wb‡P Ges Nb AÜKv‡i UvUKv ev cPv cÖwZ A¶i D”PviY Ki‡jB †Qvqve! AvKvi-AvK…wZ‡Z
(ﮋ) GKwU gvÎ AYy ev m„ó †Kvb welq †bB, hv AÎ ivQy‡ji bKj mvR‡jB †Qvqve BZ¨vw`| AZtci †e‡n¯—
wKZv‡e D‡j−L Kiv nq wb| evmx; Rvbv ev †evSvi `iKvi †bB|Ó
3. Agv BqvÕhyey --wd wKZv-we¤§yweb| [10:BDbym- 61] PZz_© cÖavb KviY :
A_©: `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i AYy cwigvYI †Zvgvi i‡ei 1. †Kviv‡bi Abyev‡` ¸i“Z¡c~Y© AmsL¨ Aviex k‡ãi
A‡MvP‡i b‡n| Avi Dnv A‡c¶vI ¶z`ª wKsev e„nr e½vbyev` bv K‡i ûeû Aviex A_ev D`©y wnw›` I
mewKQyB GB wKZv‡e wjwLZ Av‡Q| cvikx k‡ãi e¨env‡ii Kvi‡Y mvavi‡Yi c‡¶
Ggb evYxi e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY I M‡elYv Avw`Kvj †_‡KB †Kvivb †evSv KwVb n‡q c‡o‡Q; Bs‡iwR, DÏ©y,
KwZcq BgvgMY ev¯—e hyw³ cÖgvY weewR©Z nvw`m, †dKnv, cvikx Abyev‡`I Abyiƒc e‡U|
d‡Zvqv BZ¨vw` Dcag© MÖš’ ev Dcwbk` wj‡L †Kvivb‡K 2. AwaKvsk Abyev`KMY †cvlv I †ckv`vix wQ‡jb Ges
mg~‡j †X‡K †d‡j‡Q| mKj fvlvi Abyev`KMYB GKB D‡Ï‡k¨ G‡K A‡b¨i
kwiqZ Avj−vni m‡½ P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o w`‡q wek¦gq †Nvlbv Abyev` bKj K‡i‡Qb! c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h,
Ki‡Q ‡h, †Kviv‡b A‡bK A‡bK wKQyB †bB! myZivs H fveev`x Áv‡b gg©v_© Dcjwã K‡i ¯^vaxbfv‡e Abyev`
NvUwZ c~i‡Yi Rb¨ Avj−vni ‡Kviv‡bi 6236wU Avqv‡Zi Ki‡Z †KDB mvnmx nb wb ; GgbwK kª‡×q wMwik P›`ª
Dci 7225wU nvw`m, Avevi H nvw`‡mi Dc‡i cÖvq I wcK_j mv‡neI bb| ZvivI fvlv cwÛ‡Zi
10/15 nvRvi d‡Zvqv iwPZ n‡q‡Q| AwaKv‡i Ges miKvix ‡e-miKvix c„ó‡cvlKZvq
Bmjvg ej‡Z Dnvi evB‡i †KD wKQy Kíbv Ki‡Z Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Ges †gŠjev‡`i fq-mskqI wQj
cv‡i bv, Ki‡Z mvnmI cvq bv| Avi AMZ¨v †KD hw`
99

cÖPzi| BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| ejvevûj¨ †h, †Kvivb eyS‡Z


3. Avj−vni †KZv‡ei cÖ‡Z¨KwU c„ôvi dzU‡bv‡U, Dc‡i- me‡P‡q †ekx cÖwZeÜKZvi m„wó K‡i‡Q cÖPwjZ
wb‡P, Wv‡b-ev‡q GgbwK Abyev‡`i †hLv‡b- †mLv‡b nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw` `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’mg~n Ges me‡P‡q
AmsL¨ gvby‡li gZvgZ wj‡L cvVK‡`i ¯^vaxb wPš— †ekx jvfevb n‡q‡Q ¯^ `wjq bvw¯—K I †Kvivb
vkw³ e›`x K‡i †i‡L‡Q| GmKj dzU‡bvU ev †h‡Kvb wei“×ev`xMY|
†jLv †Kviv‡bi g‡a¨B cvq e‡j mvaviY cvVKMY AZtci P‚ovš— KviY:
mKj †jLvB †Kviv‡bi K_v ev Aåvš— wek¦vm K‡i 1| Bbœvj−vRxbv--Bqvdqvjyb| [6: AvbAvg-159] A_©:
weåvš— nb| ag©v-a‡g© hviv wfbœ wfbœ g‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q Ges `j
4. ZrKvjxY ‡Kvivb msKjb †evW© A‰bwZK-ivR‰bwZK Dc-`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i Dci Avcbvi
cÖfve gy³ _vK‡Z cv‡ibwb| [ivQy‡ji] †Kvb `vwqZ¡ †bB| Zv‡`i KvR Kg© Avj−vni
5. c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, †Kvivb `yÕfv‡M wef³; Dc‡i †Q‡o w`b| wZwbB Bnv‡`i ˆKwdqZ Zje
Av‡`k-wb‡lamyPK I iƒcK| kwiq‡Zi aviYv ‡h, Ki‡eb|
MÖš’Lvwbi wKQy Ask wb‡`©kmyPK Ges evwK Ask iƒcK| A_©vr kxqv, mybœx, nvbvdx, kv‡dC, Invex, Avng`xqv
aviYvwU mZ¨ e‡U! wKš‘ Zvi †P‡qI KwVY mZ¨ †h, BZ¨vw` Ges Ab¨vb¨ RvwZi Abyiƒc `j Dc-`‡ji Dci
†Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU AvqvZ GgbwK k‡ãi GKwU ivQyj‡`i †KvbB `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ †bB| Zviv ivQyj‡`i
ب_©‡evaK I Avi GKwU iƒcK A_© Av‡Q; A_©vr m¤ú~Y© kvdvqvr ewnf©~Z| AZGe †Kvivb, BwÄj, ZvIivr, †e`,
†KvivbLvwbB GKw`‡K †hgb Av‡`k-wb‡`©k myPK MxZv, wÎwcUK [g~j Hkx MÖš’] Zv‡`i Rb¨ bq| G¸wj
Avevi Ab¨ w`‡K iƒcKI| Abyev`KMY Zv‡`i †evSvi mgq my‡hvMI Zv‡`i †bB; Zv‡`i gvgjv mywcÖg
Abyev‡` Df‡qi RMvwLPzox K‡i †d‡j‡Qb; d‡j †Kv‡U© iv‡qi A‡c¶vq gvÎ|
mvavi‡Yi gg©v_© eyS‡Z Kó nq Ges m‡›`nI nq| 2. Agvb AvRjvgv--GRvb Avev`vb| [18: Kvnd-57]
cwiYv‡g mgv‡Ri PZzi-ayi›`i fvlvwe`, Dk„sLj I A_©: †Kvb e¨w³‡K Avj−vni evYx ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`qvi
Akvwš— m„wóKvix ¯^ †NvlxZ bvw¯—KMY GB my‡hv‡Mi c‡iI †m hw` Dnv A¯^xKvi K‡i Ges Zvi K…ZKg©
mبenvi K‡ib, †hgb: fz‡j hvq, Z‡e Zvi A‡c¶v Rvwjg Avi †K! Avwg
ÔAvj−vn 6 w`‡b c„w_ex I AvKvk m„wó K‡i‡Qb,7g Dnv‡`i ü`‡qi Dci XvK&bv w`‡qwQ, †hb Dnviv
w`b Aemi wb‡q‡Qb,Õ c„w_ex‡K P¨vcUv weQvbvi gZ †Kvivb eyS‡Z bv cv‡i Ges Dnv‡`i Kv‡b wmj& K‡i
m„wó K‡i‡Qb,Õ m~h© K`©gv³ R‡ji g‡a¨ Wy‡e hvq,cybt w`‡qwQ| AZtci Zzwg Dnv‡`i eySv‡jI eyS‡e bv|
D`q nIqvi AbygwZi Rb¨ Avj−vni Avi‡k †mR`vq 3. AjvK¡v`--M¦v-wdjyb| [7:Avivd-179] A_©: Avwg‡Zv
jywU‡q hvq,Õ Dév-b¶Îvw` Avj−vni wb‡`©‡k `yó eû wR¡b I gvbyl‡K †`vh‡Li Rb¨B m„wó K‡iwQ|
wR‡bi wcQ‡b avIqv K‡i,Õ wewe nIqv‡K Av`‡g Zv‡`i ü`q Av‡Q ZeyI †ev‡S bv; Zv‡`i P¶z Av‡Q
cvuRi †_‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb,Õ ‡gvnv¤§` ¯^-kwi‡i A_P †`‡L bv; Zv‡`i Kvb Av‡Q A_P †kv‡b bv|
†gÕiv‡R wM‡q‡Qb,Õ Ôwebv ev‡c CQvi Rb¥ n‡q‡QÕ Bnviv cïi b¨vq, eis Dnv A‡c¶vI AwaK weåvš—,
100

Giv Mvwdj| †KZve Avj−vni wbKU †_‡K Avmj|-- Zviv hv


4. Aqv gvQvjyj−vRxbv--jv BqvwK¡Õjyb| [2:evKviv- Rvb‡Zv DnvB hLb Zv‡`i wbKU cybt Avm‡jv A_P
171] A_©: Ges H mKj †jvK¸wjB Kv‡di, hviv kã Zviv Dnv cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kij|
I PxrKvi Qvov Avi wKQyB †ev‡S bv| Zviv gyK, ewai 6. K¡yj! gvb Kvbv-- jxj Kv‡dixb| [2:evKviv-97]
I AÜ ; Zviv KLbI eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i bv| [ARvbv A_©: -- hv Dnvi AZxZ †KZv‡ei mgv_©K--|
7. Ajv¤§v-- Bqvjvgyb| [2:evKviv-101] A_©: hLb
fvlvq †Kn e³…Zv ev IqvR bwQnZ Ki‡j Avgiv Avj−vni c¶ n‡Z Zv‡`i wbKU ivQyj Avmj †h
†hgb Dnvi kã, myi ev AvIqvR Qvov Avi wKQyB Zv‡`i wbKU hv Av‡Q DnviB mg_©K iƒ‡c--|
eyS‡Z cvwi bv|] 8. K¡yjy-- gym‡jgyb| [2:evKviv-136] A_©:---Bnv
5. A hv Avjbv--bydzivb| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-46] A_©: ZvBB hv Beªvnxg †_‡K Cmv I Ab¨vb¨ bexMY‡K hv
Avwg Dnvw`‡Mi ü`‡q cÖ‡jc w`‡qwQ †hb Dnviv eyS‡Z †`Iqv n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb iKg cv_©K¨ Kwi bv;
bv cv‡i Ges Dnv‡`i ewai K‡iwQ| †Zvgv‡`i KviY Avgiv Zuvi f³ [AvZ¥mgc©YKvix]|
cÖwZcvjK GKK; Bnv hLb Zzwg †Kvivb †_‡KB eY©bv 9. A gv Kvbv-- Avjvgxb| [10:BDbym-37] A_©: nu¨v!
Ki ZLb Dnv AMÖvn¨ K‡i m‡i c‡o| Gi c~‡e© †h me †KZve G‡m‡Q †m¸wji mZ¨Zv
m¤^‡Ü mv¶¨ †`q| Avi G wKZve n‡”Q †mB me
†KZv‡eiB we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨v gvÎ--|
38 ‡Kvivb byZb wKQy bq 10. jvK¡v` Kvbv-- BD‡gbyb| [12:BDmyd-111] A_©:--
g~jZt Gi c~‡e© hv bvwRj n‡q‡Q Dnv‡`iB mZ¨Zv
1. A AvbRvj bv-- nv°v| [5: gv‡q`v-48] A_©: †Zvgvi m¤^‡Ü mv¶¨ †`q Ges hv cÖ‡Z¨KwU wel‡qi we¯—vwiZ
cÖwZ mwVK †KZve AeZxY© K‡iwQ; Bnvi c~‡e© AeZxY© e¨vL¨v--|
wKZv‡ei mgv_©K I msi¶Kiƒ‡c--| 11. Aj−vRx-- evwQi“b| [35:dvwZi-31] A_©: --c~e©ewZ©
2. gv BDKvjv-- Avjxg| [41: nv-wgg-mvR`v-43] A_©: wKZv‡ei mg_©K wnmv‡e GB A‡gvN evbx AeZxY©
†Zvgvi wbKU †Zv ZvB ejv n‡q‡Q, hv ejv n‡Zv K‡iwQ|
c~e©eZ©x ivQyjMY‡K| †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK ¶gvkxj I 12. dvËvweD -- gyk‡iwKb| [3:Ggivb-95] A_©:--
KwVb kvw¯— `vZv| myZivs †Zvgiv Beªvnx‡gi ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki--|
3. wgj−vZv AvweK¡zg-- wgb Kvejy| [22:nv¾-78] A_©: 13. AËvevZz-- qvmKzi“b| [12:BDmyd-38] A_©: Avwg
Bnv †Zvgv‡`i wcZv Beªvnx‡gi ag©| wZwbB †Zvgv‡`i Avgvi wcZ…cyi“l Beªvnxg,BmnvK I BqvKz‡ei ag©
bvg †i‡L‡Qb Ô†gvm‡jgÕ [Av`k©, f³, f`ª, AbymiY Kwi--|
webxZ,kvwš—ev`x] Ges GB †KZv‡eI| 14. Qy¤§v -- gyk‡iwKb| [16:bvnj-123] A_©: Avwg
4. bv¾vjv-- BwÄjv [3: Bgivb-3] A_©: wZwb mZ¨- †Zvgvi cÖwZ cÖZ¨v‡`k Kijvg, Zzwg Beªvwn‡gi ag©v`k©
mbvZb wKZve †Zvgvi cÖwZ AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb, hv c~‡e©i AbymiY Ki--|
ZIivZ I 15. gv BqvwZwng-- qvjqveyb| [21:Avw¤^qv-2] There
Bwćji mgv_©K (mg A_©‡evaK)| comes not to them a new reminder from their
5. Ajv¤§v Rvqvûg-- Kv‡dixb| [2:evKviv-89] A_©: Lord but they hear it while they sport.[Abdullah
Zv‡`i wbKU hv Av‡Q ZviB mgv_©K [mg-A_©†evaK] Yusuf Ali & M. H. Shakir] A_©: Zv‡`i Kv‡Q
101

cvjbKZ©vi Zid †_‡K †Kvb bZzb Dc‡`k †Zv Avi ‡Kvivb: Ôjv-Bjvnv Bj−vj−vnÕ A_©vr Avj−vn Qvov Ab¨
Av‡mwb! Zviv Zv †kv‡bI wKš‘ Zvw”Qj¨mnKv‡i| †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB |
[AwaKvsk e½vbyev‡` AvqvZwUi wecixZ I f~j Abyev` 2. MxZv: Ôwn RvZm¨ g„Zz¨; aªe g„Zm¨ P Rb¥ aªes; Zv®§vr
Kiv Zs †kvPxZzs b Anwm©Õ| [MxZv-‡k−vK-27 ] A_©: †h
n‡q‡Q, †hgb: ÔhLbB-- †Kvb b~Zb Dc‡`k Av‡m, Dnviv R‡b¥ Zvi giY wbwðZ, †h g‡i Zvi Rb¥ wbwðZ|
Dnv kªeY K‡i Zvw”Qj−vmnKv‡i|ÕBmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb|] myZivs Aek¨v¤¢vex welq †Zvgvi †kvK Kiv DwPr bq|
Kvib e¨eüZ ÔgvÕ A_© Ôbv,Õ Z`ycwi Dwj−wLZ evKx ‡Kvivb: A ZzLwiRyj nvBqv wgbvj gvBqvwZ A
AvqvZ¸wji m¤ú~Y© wecixZ| ZzLwiRyj gvBqvZv wgbvj nvBqv| [3:Bgivb-27;
* 6:AvbAvg-95] A_©: ZzwgB g„Z †_‡K Rxeš—‡K †U‡b
evi K‡iv Avevi Rxeš— †_‡K g„Z‡`i †U‡b evi
39 †Kvivb mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i mgvnvi K‡iv|
3. :†e`: ‡h abevb †jvK ci‡K cÖwZcvjb K‡i bv Zv‡K
: cÖKvk _v‡K †h, we‡k¦ wn›`y ag© ej‡Z †Kvb ag© †bB| wn›`y N„Yv Kwi| [†e`: 1/120/12]|
ej‡Z ¯’vb I fvlvMZ RvwZ eySvq, ag©MZ bq| ‡Kvivb: --A gx¤§v iv¾vKbv ûg BDb‡dK¡zb--|--
HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z wn›`yKzk,wngvjq ce©‡Zi cv`‡`‡k, A BqvgbvDbvj gv-Db| [ 2:evKviv-3; 107:gvDb-
wmu›`y b‡`i AeevwnKvq I wnw›` fvlvfvlx‡`i mvaviYZt 7 ] A_©: ZvivB mdjKvgx hviv Zv‡`i ab-m¤ú`
wn›`, wnw›`, wmu›`y BZ¨vw` †_‡K wn›`y ejv nq| G mKj †_‡K mvnvh¨-mn‡hvwMZv K‡i|--asm †nvK, hviv
GjvKvq †gvm‡jg, †eŠ×, Bûw`, wLª÷vb ev wkL †h †Kvb cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i mvnvh¨-mn‡hvwMZv K‡i bv|
RvwZB evm Ki“K Zv‡`i‡KB mvaviYZt wn›`y ejv n‡Zv| 4. †e`: †Zvgv‡`i AwfcÖvq GK †nvK, ü`q GK †nvK, gb
cÖvPxb BwZnvm, f‚‡Mv‡ji `„wó‡KvY †_‡K cvKfviZ GK †nvK, †Zvgiv †hb me©vs‡k m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c GKgZ nI|
Dcgnv‡`‡ki mK‡jB Avgiv wn›`y| [†e`:10/191/4]
cÖPwjZ wn›`y a‡g©i g~j bvg mbvZb ag© A_©vr mZ¨ ag© ‡Kvivb: A AvZvwQÕgy we- nvewjj−vwn Rvwgqv--A jv
Gi g~j evYx ÔJuÕ A_©vr Ôkvwš—Õ GwUB Aviex‡Z ÔBmjvgÕ; ZvdviivK¡z| [3:Bgivb-103] A_©: †Zvgiv Avj−vni
†e`-MxZvi Abymvwi‡`i Avh© RvwZ ev f`ª,bgª ev Av`k© i¾y GK‡Î gReyZfv‡e AvK‡o _v‡Kv| †Zvgiv wewfbœ
RvwZ ejv n‡Zv, Aviex‡Z hv‡K Ô†gvm‡jgÕ ejv nq| g‡Z Ges `j Dc-`‡j wef³ nBI bv|
g~jZt mgv‡R cÖPwjZ †gvmjgvb ag©, wLª÷vb ag© Bûw` 5. MxZv: whwb wek¦Kg©v, Zvi gb e„nr wZwb wb‡R e„nr,
ag© BZ¨vw` ag© ej‡Z †Kvb ag© ev RvwZ †bB Avi Zv‡`i wZwb wbg©vY K‡ib, aviY K‡ib, wZwb me©†kªô Ges
MÖ‡š’ H bv‡gi D‡j−LI †bB| Bnv ¯^ ¯^ `‡ji ¯^v_©ev`x mKj wKQy wbqš¿Y K‡ib|
†gŠjev` KZ…©K ms‡hvwRZ I cÖYxZ| AZx‡Zi †Kvb ag©MÖš’B ‡Kvivb: A jxj−vnxj gyj‡Kv”Qvgv-AwZ Aj AvØ©--
AcwieZ©xZ bv _vK‡jI Zv †h GKB wQj Zvi wKQy wKQy Avjv K¡z‡j− mvBqxb K¡vw`i| [5:gv‡q`v-17] A_©:
mv¶¨ enb K‡i cÖ‡Z¨KwU MÖ‡š’ GgbwK Dcag©MÖ‡š’I| †e`, `„k¨-A`„k¨ Ges Bnvi g‡a¨ hv wKQy Av‡Q mewKQyiB
MxZv me‡P‡q cyiv‡bv weavq ms‡¶‡c †e`- †Kviv‡bi mve©‡fŠgZ¡ Avj−vniB| wZwb hv B”Qv m„wó K‡ib|
mv`„k¨ I ¸i“Z¡c~Y© wKQy evYx wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv: Avj−vn me©wel‡q me© kw³gvb|
1. MxZv: ÔGK‡gev wØZxqgÕ, A_©: GK [Dcvm¨] Qvov 6. †e`: whwb Avgv‡`i Rb¥ `vZv, wcZv, whwb weavZv,
wØZxq †bB; whwb wek¦-f‚e‡bi mKj avg AeMZ Av‡Qb| wZwbB
102

GKgvÎ| Ab¨ mKj f‚e‡bi †jv‡K Zvi welq AveQviv| A_©: wbivKvi Avj−vn‡K Aš—i P¶zw`‡q
wRÁvmvhy³ nq| [†e`-10/82/3] †`L‡Z nq|
‡Kvivb: û Aj−v ûj−vRx jv Bjvnv Bj−vÕûA, Avj 11. †e`: m~² Zrm~² Zis wefvwZ m‡ewË †e`¨s|
gv‡jKzj KzÏyQy”Qvjv-gyj gy‡gbyj gynvBgxbyj AvRxRyj †Kvivb: Aûqj jwZdzj Lwei| A_©: wZwb wbivKvi
RveŸvi“j gyZvKv‡eŸi“; QyeZvbvj−vwn Av¤§v BDm‡iK¡zb| wbwe©Kvi Áv‡bi Avavi|
[59:nvki-23] A_©: wZwb Avj−vn, wZwb e¨ZxZ †Kvb 12. †e`: h‡Zv ev‡Pv wbeZ©‡š— AcÖvc¨ gbmv m:|
Dcvm¨ †bB, wZwbB cweÎ, wZwbB kvwš—, wZwbB †Kvivb: Qy¤§viwRwqj evQviv KviªvZvBwib BqvbKvwje
wbivcËv weavqK, wZwbB i¶K, wZwbB civµgkvjx, BjvBKvj evQvi“ nvwQqvI Iqvûqv nvwQi| A_©: `„wó I
wZwbB cÖej| KíbviI D‡×© †m|
7. ‡e`: wek¦ wbwL‡ji me©Î †h mKj KvR n‡q Pj‡Q 13. †e`: bZm¨ cÖwZgv Aw¯—|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ Zvi g~‡j †Kvb †`eZv †bB, Av‡Qb †Kej †Kvivb: jvBQvKv wgQwj kvBDb| A_©: Zvi †Kvb
GK Ck¦i| mKj wKQyB Zvi Aaxb, Zvi wbqš¿‡Y mKj D`vniY †bB|
wKQyB| wZwb Qvov wØZxq †bB|-- whwb Qq †jvK ¯—¤¢b 14. †e`: †R¨vwZmvgwc Z‡¾vwZ¯—|
K‡i‡Qb| whwb Rb¥ iwnZ iƒ‡c wbevm K‡ib, wZwb †Kvivb: byi“b Avjv byi| A_©: wZwb †R¨vwZi †R¨vwZ|
†mBB GKK| [†e`-1/164/6 ] 15. †e`: GK‡gevwØZxqg †bnbv bvw¯— wKÂb, bvqs
‡Kvivb: Avj−vû jv Bjvnv Bj−v-ûAj nvBqyj KvBqyg- KyZwðb efze Kwðr|
- AvRxg| [2:evKviv-255] A_©: Avj−vn wZwb Qvov †Kvivb: Avj−vû Avnv`, jv Bjvnv MvBi“Kv, jvg
Avi †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB| wZwb wPiÄxe, Abvw`| Zuv‡K Bqvwj` Ajvg BDjv`| A_©: wZwb GKvKvi, AwØZxq,
Z›`ªv, wb`ªv ¯•k© K‡i bv| `„k¨-A`„‡k¨ hv wKQy Av‡Q wZwb e¨ZxZ †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB, wZwb RvZ bb Ges
meB Zuvi- -Zuvi Avmb `„k¨-A`„k¨ e¨vcxqv cwie¨ß; Zvi †Kvb RvZK †bB|
Bnv‡`i i¶Yv-†e¶‡Y wZwb K¬vš— nb bv, wZwb 16. †e`: AvÍv bs wew×|
KíbvZxZ I gnvgwng| †Kvivb: AÕjvgy-Avbœvj−vnv BqvûjyevBbvj gveB A-
2. ‡e`: Hk¦ixK ej Ges †`eZv‡`i KvR-G `yÕ†qi K¡vjwenx A Avj−vû BjvBwn Zznkvi“b| [8:Avbdvj-24
g‡a¨ †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB| [†e`-1/17] ] A_©: †R‡b †i‡Lv! Avj−vn Rx‡ei Rxe‡bi †K›`ª we›`y
‡Kvivb: A_©vr; Bbœvj−vRxbv BqvKdzibv we-j−vnx A ü`q Aew¯’Z [ü`‡qi Mfx‡i]| Avi Zvi w`‡KB
i“Qyjxnx-- nvK¡vb| [4:wbQv-150,151] A_©: hviv †Zvgv‡`i cÖZ¨veZ©b|
Avj−vn I ivQyj‡`i cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i Ges Avj−vn- 17. †k−vK: AwmZ wMwi mgs m¨vr K¾yjs wm›`y cv‡Î myi
ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i--K…Z c‡¶ BnvivB Zi“ei kvLv †jLwb cÎgye©x wjLwZ hw` M„wnZ¡v mvi`v
Kvwdi Ges Bnv‡`i Rb¨ KwVb jvÂbv`vqK kvwš— me©Kvjs Z`wcZe ¸bvbvgxk cvis hvwZ|
i‡q‡Q| †Kvivb: A jvI Avbœv gv wdjAv‡Ø©--nvwKg|A_©:
9. †e`: Ckvevm¨ wg`s me©hrwK RMZvs RMr| c„w_exi mKj e„¶ hw` Kjg nq Ges GB †h mgy`ª
†Kvivb: A Kvbvj−vû weKz‡j− kvBC¤§ywnZ| A_©: GKgvÎ Bnvi mwnZ hw` AviI mvZ mgy`ª hy³ K‡i Kvwj Kiv
Avj−vn RM‡Zi me wKQy‡K †eób K‡i Av‡Qb| nq ZeyI Avj−vni eY©bv wb:‡kl n‡e bv| Avj−vn
10. †e`: hyP¶zlv bv ck¨vwZ †hb P¶zswl ck¨vwZ| civµgkvjx weÁvbgq|
†Kvivb: jv Zz`&wiKzûj AveQvi“ A BD`wiKzj 18. FK: wZwb AvKv‡k wePiY K‡ib f‚wg‡Z evm K‡ib|
103

†Kvivb: Zvi Avmb AvKvk I Rwgb e¨vwcqv| n‡q‡Q; wLª÷vb‡`i `vex evB‡ej bKj K‡i †Kvivb iwPZ
19. FK: w`evivÎ ci¯•i m½Z n‡q Avm‡Q Ges hv‡”Q| n‡q‡Q| †gvmjgvbMY GmKj `vex LÛv‡Z cy‡ivcywi e¨_©
†Kvivb: ivZ‡K w`‡b Ges w`b‡K iv‡Z cwieZ©b Z`ycwi Zviv `vex Ki‡Q †Kviv‡bi Abymi‡Y AvR‡Ki
K‡i| weÁvb AbeiZ Avwe®‹vi K‡i Pj‡Q| g~jZt mK‡ji `vex
20. FK: AvKvk I c„w_ex ci¯•i‡K e„wó I ev®•iƒ‡c im mZ¨ †h‡nZz GKB msweavb| ZvB †Kviv‡b Avj−vni †NvlYv
`vb Ki‡Q| ÔAZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i msi¶K I mgv_©K GB
†Kvivb: Avj−vn AvKvk †_‡K †h Rj el©Y K‡i †Kvivb| G‡Z bZzb wKQyB †bB| Avj−vni weav‡b [Qybœ‡Z]
g„Zyf~wg‡K RxweZ K‡ib Ges mKj cÖKvi cÖvYx Zv‡Z KLbI i`e`j nq bv|Õ AZGe mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i †hLv‡b
Qwo‡q w`‡q‡Qb| †hLv‡b wgj Av‡Q Zv Avjer GKB Avj−vni Ges †hLv‡b
Dwj−wLZ D`vniY QvovI †e`-MxZvi AmsL¨ evYx Av‡Q hv wgj †bB Zv PZzi, ayi›`i gbyl¨iƒcx Bewj‡mi iwPZ I
†Kviv‡bi m‡½ ûeû wgj| GQvov bZzb-cyivZb cÖPwjZ ms‡hvwRZ kwiqZ|
evB‡e‡ji m‡½ Gi †P‡qI †ekx wgj †`Lv hvq| AZGe Ôbex-ivQyj †kl bqÕ Aa¨vq AmsL¨ Avqv‡Z cwi¯‹vi
G‡`i MÖš’evnKMYI †h wbtm‡›`‡n fvlvi cv_©‡K¨ GKB †NvlYv K‡i †h, AZxZ, eZ©gvb I fwel¨‡Zi Hkx MÖ‡š’i
bex I e¨w³ wQ‡jb wK bv! Zv wbæ eY©bvq byZb K‡i †f‡e Dci hviv wek¦vm K‡i/Ki‡e ZvivB Dcv‡m¨i cª`wk©Z c‡_
†`Lv Ri“ix| w¯’i i‡q‡Q Ges ZvivB mdjKvgx|
gnvfvi‡Zi kvwš— c‡e©i 339 bs Aa¨v‡q ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, AvqvZ¸wji e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z wM‡q Avj−vgvMY GUvB
bvivqY eªþv‡K m„wó K‡i Zv‡K ei cÖ`vb K‡ib †h, Òeªþv eySv‡Z Pvb †h, ÔAZx‡Zi Hkx MÖš’ mZ¨ wQj, Zv mZ¨
me©Kv‡j me©‡jv‡K gvby‡li Aa¨¶ n‡eb|Ó G K_vB mZ¨B Avj−vni †KZve wQj, bexMY mZ¨ wQj, ïay GUzKzB
evB‡e‡ji Avw`c‡e©i 12:3 Avqv‡Z e‡j †h, Òc„w_exi wek¦vm Ki‡Z n‡e, gvb‡Z n‡e bv|Õ
hveZxq †Mvôx Zvi Øviv Avkxe©v` cÖvß n‡eb|Ó Abyiƒc Avj−vni Awn wQj, mZ¨ wQj, gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi wbwg‡Ë
GKB K_v †Kvivb ej‡Q, ÔKvjv Bwbœ hv‡qjyKv jxbœv‡Q wQj A_P gvb‡Z n‡e bv, G †Kgb K_v! aviYvwU GKvš—B
Bgvgvb|Õ [2:evKviv-124] A_©: (Avj−vn) ej‡jb, wbðqB e¨w³MZ I evjmyjf Ges AvqvZwUi m‡½ wZj cwigvYI
Avwg †Zvgv‡K gvbe RvwZi Bgvg K‡iwQ| m¤úK© †bB e‡jB g‡b nq| †Kvivb evi evi †NvlYv K‡i
eªþv m¤^‡Ü gnvfvi‡Z ewY©Z, ÒwcZv eªþv GK ce©‡Z †h, GB †Kvivb AZxZ MÖ‡š’i wek` e¨vL¨v Ges DnviB
hÁ K‡iwQ‡jb Ges †mLv‡b GKwU eªþkvjv cÖwZwôZ Av‡Q| mgv_©K, msi¶K gvÎ| A_©vr AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖš’
eªþv KZ©„K cÖwZwôZ K‚c cÖ`w¶Y Ki‡Z nq| GB K‚‡c gv‡bB GB †Kvivb; G‡Z wZj cwigvYI bZzbZ¡ †bB|
†KkgyÛb K‡i øvb Ki‡j c~Y¨ AwR©Z nq; eªþv‡K AZGe IUv Ôwek¦vm Ki‡Z n‡e, gvb‡Z n‡e bv,Õ K_vUvi
†cŠËwjKMY AwMœKz‡Û wb‡¶c K‡iwQj, †KkvMÖ ch©š— AwMœ †Kvb welqe¯‘ †bB e‡jB g‡b nq| KviY G‡Z †Kvivb‡KB
¯•k© Ki‡Z cv‡i wb BZ¨vw`Ó NUbvcÖev‡ni m‡½ Beªvnx‡gi A¯^xKvi Kiv nq| eis Ò†e`, kÖ“wZ, MxZv, A_©e, mvgxq,
gywZ© fv½v, AwMœ‡Z wb‡¶c, †Kvievbx, KvevN‡ii Kvwnbx, Bqvm‡iexq, wÎwcUK, †R›`v‡e¯’v, †Zvivn, BÄxj BZ¨vw`
RgRg Kyc, †KkgyÛb K‡i †mjvB wenxb Kvc‡o Kvev Hkx MÖš’ gv‡bB †Kvivb|Ó GUvB Avqv‡Zi cÖavb welqe¯‘|
cÖ`w¶Y BZ¨vw` ûeû wgj Av‡Q| AvRI eªvþY, cy‡iwnZ, Gi c‡iI hw` Kv‡iv m‡›`n _v‡K, Z‡e cybt †`Lyb ÔmybœZÕ
†eŠ× wf¶zMY †mjvB wenxb Kvco I gv_v gyÛb K‡i cyRv Aa¨vq; †mLv‡b Avj−vn K‡qKevi †NvlYv K‡i‡Q
cvV K‡ib| †h,ÔAvj−vni wewa-weavb ev msweav‡b KLbI †Kvb
wn›`y‡`i `vex †e`-MxZv bKj K‡i evB‡ej iwPZ cwieZ©b, cwiea©b ev i`-e`j nq bv; A_©vr, †Kvivb
104

KvjvKvj‡f`x AcwieZ©bxq wQj Av‡Q Ges _vK‡e| Av`g AnsKvi, hveZxq e¨w³ I `jxq ¯^v_© Z¨vM bv K‡i|
†_‡K AvR Aewa AZtci fwel¨‡ZI Avj−vni GB weav‡b 6. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv mZ¨‡K mZ¨, wg_¨v‡K wg_¨v ejvi
cwieZ©b n‡e bv, GKgvÎ fvlvi e¨eavb Qvov| Ges Kivi kw³ mvnm AR©b Ki‡Z bv cv‡i|
†Kviv‡bi †NvwlZ fveaviv g‡Z †Kvivb‡K wek¦ 7. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv wbi‡c¶ I mvg¨ev`x kw³ aviY
mgv‡R Dc¯’vcb Ki‡j, AvR we‡k¦i Rb msL¨vi 90% Ki‡Z bv cv‡i|
kZvskB Ô†gvm‡jgÕ [f`ª, Av`k© ev kvwš—ev`x] bv‡gB 8. hZ¶Y ch©š— †cU I wc‡Vi †fv‡Mi mgvwaKv‡ii
cwiwPZ n‡Z Me©‡eva Ki‡Zv, mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi g~j byb¨Zg mxgv aviY Ki‡Z bv cv‡i |
DrcvwUZ n‡Zv Ges c„w_exi A‡a©K m¤ú` gvbyl n‡q 9. hZ¶Y ch©š— gvbyl gvÎB GKK cwiev‡ii m`m¨ wnmv‡e
gvby‡li Ly‡b †Mvjv-evi“`, GUg †evgvI ˆZwi n‡Zv bv| MÖnY Ki‡Z bv cv‡i|
Avj−vgv‡`i aviYv, AZx‡Zi MÖš’ gvb‡Z †M‡j, whï‡K me©Kv‡ji gvbe‡Mvwôi GKK ag©B ¯’vb, Kvj,cvÎ I
Avj−vn ej‡Z nq, wÎZ¡ev‡` wek¦vm Ki‡Z nq, wn›`y‡`i fvlv †f‡` Ges me©Kv‡ji ag©vÜ, †Mvovgx‡`i wnsmv we‡Øl
g‡Z, 33 †KvwU †`eZvi cyRv Ki‡Z nq, †eŠ×‡`i gZ I †ckv`vix ¯^v‡_©i Kvi‡Y g~j a‡g©i m‡¼vPb ms‡hvRb
wbixk¦iev`x n‡Z nq BZ¨vw`; ZvQvov †Kviv‡b AZx‡Zi K‡i ag©xq mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi Rb¥ w`‡q mgMÖ we‡k¦ AvR G‡K
mKj ag© A‰ea †NvlYv K‡i‡Q BZ¨vw`| Aci‡K Lyb I aŸsm jxjvi Pig cÖwZ‡hvwMZv AvaywbK
cªavbZt AZx‡Zi mKj ag©vag© I wek¦vm gbyl¨ iwPZ ˆeÁvwbK hy‡Mi cÖavb ˆewkó| GK‡kªYxi wnsmyK, PZzi,
Dcwbl`, †U÷v‡g›U Z_v `yÕb¤^ix ev Dc-ag© MÖš’ wfwËK; ayiÜi, ¶gZv wjáy, †fMev`x ivRbxwZwe`MY mKj
Hkx MÖš’wfwËK bq e‡jB †Kviv‡b IUv A‰ea †NvlYv †`‡ki mKj Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i [Ávbx-weÁvbx] †KŠk‡j
K‡i‡Q| Avi †mB GKB †NvlYv g‡Z †gvm‡jg RvwZi gbyl¨ Aaxb¯’ K‡i ee©i aŸsmjxjvi mvR miÄvg ˆZwii
iwPZ hZ Dc-ag© MÖš’ Av‡Q, †m¸wjI A‰ea e‡j we‡ewPZ cÖwZ‡hvwMZv AvaywbK we‡k¦i cÖavb I †kªôZg DrK‡l©i
nIqv GKvš— hyw³m½Z Ges G¶zwY Ri“ix e‡U| wb`k©b| Gi Ab¨Zg cÖavb KviY GKB gvbe‡Mvwôi KwZcq
AZGe wn›`y: wn›`y bq ; †eŠ×: †eŠ× bq ; wkL: wkL bq ; wckvP ivRbxwZwe`‡`i loh‡š¿ Ges c„ô‡cvlKZvq iwPZ
Bûw`: Bûw` bq ; wLªôvb: wLªôvb bq ; †gvm‡jg: †gvm‡jg wfbœ ag©`k©b|
bq : cÖPwjZ wn›`y ag© cÖavbZt ˆew`K ag© ev mbvZb ag© bq
1. hZ¶Y ch©š— GKK Dcv‡m¨ [Avjvn, †Lv`v, fMevb, IwU eis eªþv ev Beªvwng we‡ivax †cŠËwjK ag©, hvi cÖavb
Ck¦i, MW] wek¦vmx bv nq| fxZ& nvw`‡mi gZB AmsL¨ Dcwbl`|
2. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv Avj−vn †cÖwiZ mKj bex-ivQyj, ÔAv‡jKRvÛvi w` †MÖUÕ Gi bvg AvRI A¶q n‡q
mKj Hkx MÖ‡š’i Dci mgfv‡e wek¦vm ¯’vcb bv K‡i Av‡Q| wKš‘ Zvi Aviex bvg ÔAvj BmKv›`viÕ; cwðgvMY
Ges cybt cybt bex AvMg‡b wek¦vmx bv nq| Zv D”PviY Ki‡Z cv‡i bv e‡jB Zviv e‡jb
3. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv ¯^-¯^ `‡ji gbyl¨ iwPZ Dc-ag© MÖš’ ÔAv‡jKRvÛviÕ| Abyiƒc: eªþ-eªþv-Aeªg-Aveªvg-
A_©vr `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ Z¨vM K‡i g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’ wd‡i bv Aveªvnvg-Beªvnxg; whmvm-whï-Cmv; †gv‡mR-gyQv;
Av‡m| h¨v‡Kve-BqvKze; †hv‡md-BDQyd BZ¨vw` fvlvi e¨eav‡b
4. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv bgª, f`ª, Av`k©, c‡ivcKvix, mKj bex‡`i bvgwU ch©š— Avgyj cwieZ©b cwijw¶Z nq|
b¨vqev`x, cwikªgx, Z¨vMx I kvwš—ev`x Z_v gvbeZvev`x GKB e¨w³i bvgwU gvÎ D”Pvi‡Yi wfbœZvq †PbvB m¤¢e nq
bv nq| bv| AZGe Zv‡`i Rxeb PwiZ I evYx wVK Gfv‡eB Kv‡ji
5. hZ¶Y ch©š— Zviv Ab¨vq, AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi, wnsmv e¨eav‡b ax‡i ax‡i cwieZ©b cwiewa©Z n‡q GKB gvbyl
105

ÁvwZ-‡Mvwôi g‡a¨ †Nvi ˆemv`„k¨ gZwe‡iva m„wó K‡i Avwg gnvgwng Av-gnvcwie¨ß
cÖMwZi cwie‡Z© MÖnY K‡i‡Q A‡avMwZ, Pig AivRMZv gg c‡` m‡e jxb A‡nvivÎ|
Avi ˆckvwPK aŸsm jxjv| AvR Ávb weÁvb †hfv‡e [eªþv=Beªvwng; wke=†kv‡qe; nwi=nvi“b; K…ò=gyQv; B›`ª=
cÖMwZi w`‡K G¸‡”Q Zv‡Z ayiÜi ivRbxwZwe`MY wnsmv, †Qvjvqgvb; AMv¯’=BwjqvQ; weòz=whï, Cmv;
An¼vi, Rei `Lj BZ¨vw` N„Y¨ D‡Ïk¨ †_‡K weiZ ey×=hyj‡Kc‡j; A‡kvK=Bqvmv; mvweÎx=gwiqg; A‡nj¨v=
_vK‡j wek¦ bv‡gi GKK cwiev‡ii mw¤§wjZ GKK PvIqv- gyQvi gvZv; gby=byn&; gnv‡`e= Av`g|]
cvIqv Puv` †Kb m~h© ch©š— GZw`‡b gvby‡li c`vbZ n‡Z [gnv‡`‡ei ¯¿x Kvjx †hgb ¯^vgxi wei“×vPiY Ki‡Zb wVK
cvi‡Zv| †KvivbB e‡j m„wó ev e¯‘ gv‡bB gvby‡li †Zgwb Av`‡gi ¯¿xI Av`g‡K weåvš— K‡iwQ‡jb; Kvjx A_©
c`vbZ| Kjw¼bx Avi ÔnvIqvÕ A_©I Kjw¼bx|]
Dwj−wLZ bex‡`i bv‡gi cv_©K¨ _vK‡jI Zviv †h GKB
e¨w³ Ges AZxZ bex‡`i evYx, D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ msi¶Y I ***
ev¯—evq‡b cieZ©x bexi AvMgY Zv‡Z Kv‡iv m‡›`n _vKvi
AeKvk †bB; †cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jb:
ÒAvwg eªþv Avwg wke
Avwg nwi Avwg K…ò
B›`ª AMv¯’ weòz Avwg
Avwg †kvK mš—vc cwiZ¨³|
Awnsm ey× Av‡kvK
me©v½ my›`i myVvg Avwg
Avj& Avwgb Avn¤§` ï×|
†Zvgv‡`i mv‡_ wg‡jwg‡k
bvB †gvi †Kvb Kg©
†h‡nZz ZviB cv‡Z
Avwg wewµZ ag©|
†Zvgiv †gv‡i wK †`LvI fq?
I fq Kw¤úZ bq
gg G weµxZ ü`q|
Kjw¼bx ivq †jv
Kvwj M½v cÙv †Mv
mZx mvaŸx kªxgwZ
mxZv mvweÎx Anj¨v fvB‡Mv|
I‡Mv fMevb! Zzwg †gv‡i
†Kb Ki bv `vb
wbZ¨ bZzb ˆbwe`¨gvb?
w·jvPb w·jvKvqZ¡ gnv‡`e Avwg
106
civ‡_© wbR nv‡Z ev B”Qv gZ i`-e`j Kiv Avgvi ¶gZvi
cÂg Aa¨vq evwn‡i| eis Avgvi cÖwZ hv Awn nq, Avwg †Kej DnvB
AbymiY Kwi| Avgvi cªfyi Aeva¨ n‡j gnvw`e‡mi kvw¯—
41 mybœZ †_‡K wKQy‡ZB †invB cve bv|
Avj−vni mybœZ, bex‡`i mybœZ e‡j hviv cv_©K¨ m„wó
mybœZ k‡ãi A_©: weavb, AvBb, wbqg ev msweavb| K‡i †Kviv‡b Zv‡`i Kv‡di †NvlYv K‡i‡Q, [`ª: 4:wbQv-
†Kviv‡b †ek wKQy Avqv‡Z ÔmybœZÕ kãwU e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q| 150,151] hv GKUz c~‡e©B †jLv n‡q‡Q|
Zv‡Z †Kvivb‡K A_©vr †Kviv‡bi wewa weavb‡KB mybœZ c¶vš—‡i, bvgv‡R diR-mybœZ, †ivRvq diR-mybœZ,
e‡j †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| ejv n‡q‡Q †h,ÒAvj−vni mybœ‡Z n‡¾ diR-mybœZ, ARy‡Z diR-mybœZ, †Mvm‡j diR-
KLbI †Kvb i` e`j nq bv| Av‡iv †NvwlZ Av‡Q †h, mybœZ, weQvbvq diR-mybœZ, †ckve, cvqLvbvq diR-
Avj−vni mybœZ I bex‡`i mybœZ GK I Awfbœ| †Kvivb †`Lyb mybœZ; ag©v-a‡g©i ïi“ †_‡K †kl ch©š— c‡` c‡` Avj−vni
: mybœ‡Zi cvkvcvwk ivQy‡ji mybœZ bv‡g Avjv`v kwiqZ
1. QybœvZv gvb--Zvnwejv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-77]| A_©: iwPZ n‡q‡Q! bex wnmv‡e Zvi hveZxq KvR-Kg© m¤ú~Y©
Avi ivQyjM‡Yi g‡a¨ †Zvgvi c~‡e© hv‡`i‡K †Kviv‡bi Aaxb ev AvIZvf‚³, G‡Z wZj cwigvY e¨wZµg
cvwV‡qwQjvg Zv‡`i †¶‡ÎI wQj GB GKB weavb †bB; gvby‡li g‡a¨ hviv Gi e¨wZµg wek¦vm K‡ib, eyS‡Z
[QybœvZ]| Ges Zzwg Avgvi weav‡b [Qybœv‡Z] KLbI †Kvb n‡e Zviv †Kvivb ¯^xKvi, mg_©b K‡ib wKš‘ gv‡bb bv|
cwieZ©b cv‡e bv| gnvbex †Kviv‡bi evB‡i Pzj cwigvYI wKQy K‡i‡Qb ev
2. dvjvb ZvwR¡`v wjQybœvwZj−v-wn Zvãxjv| [35:dvwZi- e‡j‡Qb e‡j c„w_ex ï× gvby‡l mv¶x w`‡jI Avj−vn Zv
43]| A_©: Zzwg Avj−vni weav‡b [Qybœv‡Z] †Kvb i`e`j ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb bv, †Kvivb Zv ¯^xKvi K‡iB bv|
cv‡e bv| cybð myybœZ A_© weavb ev msweavb, c¶vš—‡i dih A_©
3. QybœvZvj−v-- Zvãxjv| [48: dvZ&n-23] A_©: AZxZ KZ©e¨, wba©vwiZ, cvjbxq, KiYxq I AbymiYxq| AZGe,
Kvj †_‡KB Avj−vni GB weavb [QybœvZ] cÖPwjZ n‡q myybœvZvj−v‡n di&RÕ, A_©vr ÔAvj−vni weavb cvjbxq|Õ
Avm‡Q, Zzwg Avj−vni weav‡b †Kvb cwieZ©b cv‡e bv| GLv‡b ÔdiRÕ I myybœvZÕ, wfbœ K‡i †`Lvi my‡hvM e¨vKiY
4. QybœvZvj−v--wdj−vRxbv Zvãxjv| [33:AvnRve-62] AvRI Aby‡gv`b K‡i wb| a‡g©i bv‡g Z_v gnvbexi bv‡g
A_©: c~e©eZ©xMY, hviv AZxZ n‡q‡Q, Zv‡`i e¨vcv‡i hviv `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZ iPbv K‡i‡Qb, Ggb wK fvlv Áv‡bI
BnvB wQj Avj−vni weavb [QybœvZ]| Zzwg Avj−vni †h Zviv Avgvi gZ Afvex wQ‡jb, Gev‡i Zv m‡›`n
weav‡b [Qybœv‡Z] KLbI †Kvb cwieZ©b cv‡e bv| Ki‡ZB nq|
bexMY Avj−vni mybœZcÖvß n‡q DnvB cvjb K‡ib, Avj−vni ÔmybœvZÕ I ivQy‡ji ÔmybœvZÕG cv_©K¨ nIqvi ev
DnvB cÖPvi K‡ib| Bnv‡Z B”QvgZ i`-e`j ev Kivi †KvbB my‡hvM †bB| KviY, Avj−vni QybœvZB gnvbexi
ms‡KvPb-ms‡hvRb bex‡`i ¶gZvi ewnf©~Z| †Kvivb cweÎ gyL †_‡K cÖKvk I cÖPvwiZ n‡q‡Q| AZtci wZwb
†`Lyb: †mB cweÎ gy‡LB Dnv‡Z i`e`j ev ms‡KvPb A_ev
K¡zj! gv-BqvKzby--AvRxg| [10:BDbym-15] A_©: ej!
107

ms‡hvRb K‡i‡Qb, Ggb wek¦vm ev d‡Zvqv gnvbexi Rb¨ w`‡K wZwb Avcb KZ©e¨ cvjb Ki‡Zb| G Kvi‡YB wZwb
¸i“Zi Kj¼ I AcgvbRbK welq, ïay ZvBB bq; Zvi cÖwZ Iqv‡³ `yBevi bvgvR Ki‡Zb| DnvB Av‡jg-
bex‡Z¡i Dci cÖPÛ ûgwK¯^iƒc| Zvi Abymvix‡`i g‡a¨ Avj−vgvMY, Zv‡`i ag© Áv‡bi A`~i`wk©Zvi Kvi‡Y ev
G‡nb Bgvb wek¦vm P‚ovš— nvivg e‡U! B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji AvB‡b cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i
Kw_Z nq †h, gnvbex diR bvgvR Ki‡Zb, AZtci ivQyj‡K Avj−vni m‡½ kwiK K‡i †d‡j‡Qb; hv AgvR©bxq
Zvi c~‡e© ev c‡i mybœvZ bvgvRI Ki‡Zb; diR bvgv‡R Aciva| †ivRv Z_v Ab¨vb¨ ag©vbykxj‡Y bvgv‡Ri gZ
gyQj−x‡`i Rvgv‡Zi BgvgwZ ev †bZ…Z¡ w`‡Zb; c¶vš—‡i mivmwi †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖ‡qvRb nq bv e‡jB Ggb bwRi ev
mybœZ bvgv‡R RvgvZ Ki‡Zb bv BgvgwZ I Ki‡Zb bv| D`vniY Ab¨Î †bB|
A_©vr wZwb cÖ‡Z¨K Iqv‡³ cÖvq mg ivKvZ wewkó `yB evi Av`k©: ivQy‡ji Av`k© ej‡Z Ggb KZ¸wj bxwZme©¯^‡K
bvgvR Ki‡Zb Zv hyw³m½Z n‡Z cv‡i! wKš‘ cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, eySvq; hvi †Kvb cwieZ©b cwiea©b nq bv Ges Zvnv ¯’vb,
wZwb mybœZ bvgv‡R wK wbqZ Ki‡Zb? Avgiv †hgb ewj: Kvj I cv‡Îi Dci wbw`©ó bq| †hgb: mZZv, wek¦¯’Zv,
Ômybœv‡Z ivQywjj−vwn ZvÔAvjv gyZvqwR¡nvb-- '| b¨vqcivqYZv, wbqgvbyewZ©Zv, ˆah¨©kxjZv, gnvbyfeZv,
gnvbexI wK H GKB wbqZ Ki‡Zb? DËi hw` nq cwikªgx, c‡ivcKvix, wbi‡c¶Zv BZ¨vw` welq kΓ-wgÎ
Ôn¨uvÕ, Z‡e ¯^fveZB cÖkœ Rv‡M †h, gnvbex †Kvb& bexi mK‡jB GK I Awfbœ mv¶¨ cÖ`vb K‡i| Av`k© ej‡Z
myybœvZ cvjb Ki‡Zb? bex‡`i ev bexi mybœvZ †Kb cvjb Dcvm¨ cÖYxZ mybœZ Z_v †Kviv‡bi AvIZvf‚³ _vKv| BnvB
Ki‡Zb? Avi DËi hw` nq ÔbvÕ, Z‡e wZwb wK wbqZ bex‡`i †kªôZg Av`k©| bexMY Avj−vni Kv‡Q Pzw³e×
Ki‡Zb Ges †m wbqZ nvw`m †dKnvq †Kb †jLv nq wb? _v‡Kb †h, Avj−vni Awn Qvov, Avj−vn cÖYxZ msweav‡bi
G‡nb RwUj cÖ‡kœi DËi Luy‡R bv †c‡q B`vwbs mgv‡R †KD evB‡i Zviv wKQyB ej‡eb bv ev Ki‡eb bv| bex‡`i Dci
†KD cÖPvi Ki‡Qb †h, Ôbvgv‡R wbq‡ZiB cÖ‡qvRb †bB|Õ Avj−vni G‡nb Av¯’v _v‡K, ZvB bex‡`i †kªôZg I
g~jZt diR QybœvZ bvgvR ej‡Z †Kvb bvgvR †bB; wekvjZg Av`k© e‡jB bex‡`i‡K AbymiY Ki‡Z e‡jb|
ÔbvgvRÕ bvgvRB| Zv wef³ K‡i †`Lvi ev Kivi †Kvb Av`k© KvjvKvj †f`x ¯’vqx I w¯’i| ¸i“i G mKj Av`k©
wfwË †bB, wef³ Kivi ¶gZvI Kv‡iv †bB| bvgvR GKK wkl¨‡`i AbymiY AZ¨vek¨Kxq| GLv‡b diR-mybœZ
I Awfbœ| GB Awfbœ bvgvR‡K hviv wfbœ Ki‡jb, ivQyj‡K [cvjbxq-weavb] BZ¨vw` kwiK ev fvMvfvwM Kiv
hviv ¯^qs Avj−vni m‡½ kwiK Ki‡jb ZvivB AvR a‡g©i AvevwÂZ| wKš‘ ¸i“i G mKj Av`k© ev¯—evq‡bi cš’v¸wj
evnK, Av‡jg-Avj−vgv bv‡g mgv‡R cÖwZwôZ! ¯’vb, Kvj I cv·f‡` Áv‡bi weeZ©‡bi m‡½
gnv bex RvgvZe× bvgv‡Ri c~‡e© ev c‡i AwZwi³ cwieZ©bkxj I cÖMwZkxj weavq AZx‡Zi ¯’vb, Kvj, cvÎ
bvgvR nq‡Zv Ki‡Zb! Zvi cÖavb KviY: gnvbex AbyKiY Kivi A_© ¸i“i bKj mvRv ; hv ¸i“Zi †eqv`ex
e¨w³MZfv‡e wZwb wQ‡jb †gvm‡jg Avi `jMZfv‡e e‡U! Bnv QvovI ¸i“i ev wcZv-gvZvi Ggb KZK¸wj K_v
wQ‡jb Bgvg I bex| Bgvg wnmv‡e wZwb gyQj−x‡`i bvgvR I KvR _v‡K hv AbyKiY Kiv wkl¨ mš—v‡bi Rb¨ nvivg
Kiv‡Zb; AZtci e¨w³MZfv‡e wZwb wb‡Ri bvgvR e‡U|
Ki‡Zb| A_©vr GKw`‡K wZwb †bZ…‡Z¡i `vwqZ¡ cvjb Aci 1400 kZ ermi c~‡e©i mvgvwRK Ae¯’v, mfv-mwgwZ,
108

cÖPvi, hvZvqvZ, hy×-weMÖn; Zvi ixwZ-bxwZ, mvR- Zv‡`i DrK…ó D`vniY AvRi, Avey‡h‡nj, bgi“`, †divDb
miÄvg, cÖwk¶Y, cÖ¯‘wZ BZ¨vw`; cvwievwiK, mvgvwRK I cÖgyL Ges AZx‡Zi cv`ªx, cwÛZ, cy‡ivwnZ, Av‡jgMY hviv
ivR‰bwZK Kg©-Rxeb cÖYvjx Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b ¯^qs ÔKvjÕB cÖ‡Z¨K bex‡KB A¯^xKvi K‡iwQj Ges Zv‡`i wei“‡×
Zv eR©b K‡i _v‡K| msMÖvg K‡iwQj| Giv mZ¨‡K wg_¨v †f‡e AvRxeb m‡Z¨i
gnvbexi ¯^-n‡¯— ˆZwi †LRyi cvZvi gmwR`, DU- wei“‡× cÖwZev` I msMÖvg K‡i Pj‡Q| Avj−vni wbZ¨ bZzb
†Nvov, Zxi-Z‡jvqv‡ii hy×, QvZz-i“wU, †LRyi f¶Y, 3wU m„wó I cÖMwZ Giv mn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i bv, A_P †fvM-wejvm
kjvKv w`‡q `uvZ wLjwK, Pvgov, Mv‡Qi evKj ev cv_‡i K‡ib,m‡½ m‡½ Avwe¯‹viK‡`i Kv‡di, †eØxb e‡j
†KD Avi wj‡L bv BZ¨vw` kwiqZ mybœZ wnmv‡e Avi gh©v`v d‡Zvqv cÖ`vb K‡ib|
†`b bv; †Qvqv‡ei Avkvq wgwó †L‡q †KD Avi Wvq‡ewUK *
e„w×I K‡ib bv; †h‡nZz Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b Zv ¯^fveZtB
cwiZ¨v³| wKš‘ gnvbexi Av`k© KvjvKvj‡f`x 42 nvw`m I mybœ‡Zi cv_©K¨
AcwieZ©bxq Abo| Avj−vniB weKvk cÖKv‡ki gva¨g Ávb-
weÁvb| Áv‡bi ev¯—e iƒcvqbB weÁvb; A`„k¨ †_‡K Avi GKwU ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Av‡jvP¨ welq †h, kwiqZ Ônvw`mÕ
AbeiZ `„k¨Zi K‡i, weKvk-cÖKvk K‡i GB weÁvb; hviv I ÔmybœZ‡KÕ KLbI KLbI wfbœ K‡i †`‡Lb| GRb¨
K‡i ZvivB ˆeÁvwbK, G‡`i‡KB Aviex‡Z ÔAv‡jgÕ Dnv‡`i wfbœ myÎI Avwe¯‹vi Ki‡Qb; †hgb ivQy‡ji
ÔAvj−vgvÕ e‡j| †Kvivb ewnf©~Z K_v‡K Ônvw`mÕ Ges †Kvivb ewnf©~Z
eZ©gv‡b ÔAv‡jgÕ kãwUi e¨envi eoB Ki“Y; gvÎ KvR‡K mybœZ e‡j AvL¨vwqZ K‡ib!
†ckv`vix ag© wk¶v Avi AvKvi AvK…wZ‡Z mxgve× K‡i c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, nvw`m A_© K_v, evYx,
†d‡j‡Q Ges ag©‡K GivB †ckv wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| Bw½Z, Bmviv, BwZnvm BZ¨vw` Ges mybœZ A_© weavb,
weKvk-cÖKvkB Aviex‡Z ingvb I ivwng| Kvj I Áv‡bi wbqg,AvBb, MVbZš¿ BZ¨vw`| myZivs myÎ؇qi g‡a¨
weeZ©b cwieZ©b hviv †VKv‡Z Pvq; Zviv mivmwi Avj−vni cv_©K¨ _vKvi K_v bq; KviY ivQyj ¯^qs hv Dc‡`k w`‡Zb
Ôingvb-ivwngÕ bv‡gi ¸Yv¸b †VwK‡q ivL‡Z e× cwiKi| wVK ZvBB wb‡RI Ki‡Zb Ges hv Ki‡Zb AweKj ZvBB
Zv‡`i Aci bvgB ag©vÜ ev ÔcÖPwjZ †gŠjev`Õ| Ab¨‡K Dc‡`k w`‡Zb| ZvQvov c~‡e©B cÖgvb †`qv n‡q‡Q
†gŠjev‡`i mKj ag©-Kg© †Kvivb wei“× I Ávb-weÁvb †h, †Kvivb evi evi eûevi mvw¶ w`‡”Q †h, ivQyj
weewR©Z, hv †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq mv¶x i‡q‡Q| †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i wZj cwigvYI K_v I KvR K‡ib wb!
Ávb-weÁv‡bi `„wó‡Z Ôg~jÕ Ô†gŠwjKÕ Ô†gŠjev`Õ mvaviY Ávbx‡`i †f‡e †`Lvi welq †h, Dwj−wLZ myÎ
K_vUv LyeB g~j¨evb wKš‘ ag© `k©‡b Ô†gŠjev`Õ Gi msÁv g‡Z ivQyj hv e‡j‡Qb Zv wZwb K‡ib wb! Ges hv wZwb
eoB A®ú„m¨, ‡¤−”Q e bvcvK| KviY gvbe RvwZi Avw` K‡i‡Qb Zv wZwb e‡jb wb! A_©vr kwiqZ cÖPvi K‡i
a‡g©i g~j wek¦vm [nhiZ Av`g e¨wZµg] ïi“ nq cvnvo- †eov‡”Qb †h, ivQyj †Kviv‡bi evwn‡i eû K_v I KvR
ce©Z, cï-cw¶,P›`ª-m~h¨© BZ¨vw`‡K Avj−vn Ávb K‡i K‡i‡Qb †Zv e‡UB! Dciš‘ Zvui K_v I Kv‡Ri †Kvb
cyRv, QvjvZ Kiv ; GwUB gbyl¨ a‡gi© †gŠwjK myÎ I wfZ&| mvgÄm¨ wQj bv! G‡nb wek¦vm cÖK…Z avwg©K‡`i Aek¨B
109

DwØMœ Ki‡e| Avie †`k ﮋ I DËß gi“f‚wgi †`k| †m †`‡ki jy-
* nvIqvi DËß evjy KYv †`‡n jvM‡jB cy‡o hvq; †m
Kvi‡YB Avieevmxiv wXjv-†Xvjv Rvgv-Kvc‡o Avcv`vg¯—
43 a‡g© `uvwo †cvkv‡Ki fywgKv K †X‡K iv‡L| cÖk¯— i“gvj (wnRve) w`‡q gv_v †X‡K iv‡L;
hv‡Z `yB Kvb I †Pvqvj XvKv _v‡K| i“gvjwU hv‡Z jy-
ag©v-a‡g©i g~j wfZ& mªóvi Aw¯—Z¡ ¯^xKvi| mªóv Av‡Q wK nvIqvq D‡o bv hvq, †mRb¨ wdZvi †eix w`‡q iv‡L| GB
†bB! hviv †bB e‡jb, Zv‡`i hyw³ cÖgv‡Yi †P‡q, hviv wbw`©ó †cvkvK Avi‡ei wbw`©ó AvenvIqv-Rjevqy
Av‡Q e‡jb, Zv‡`i hyw³ cÖgvY A‡bK kw³kvjx e‡U| mªóv AbyhvqxB wbw`©ó| Aviwe wLª÷vb, Bûw`, †e`yBb, †cŠËwjK
Av‡Q wK †bB, G RwUjZi cÖ‡kœi mnR mij DËi Luy‡R mK‡jB GKB †cvkvK e¨envi K‡i _v‡K| †gŠjev`x ag©vÜ
cvIqv hvq ÔAvwgÕ AvwQ wK †bB G cÖ‡kœi Dˇii g‡a¨| Avey †h‡nj, Avey jvnveI GB ai‡Yi †cvlvK ci‡Zb|
hw` ewj ÔAvwgÕ AvwQ Z‡e mªóvI Av‡Q; Avi hw` ewj AvR‡Ki kwiqZ KvíwbK BmjvwgK †cvlvK e‡j e¨eüZ
ÔAvwgÕ †bB [Avn¤§K bvwK!] Z‡e, mªóvI †bB| hw` ewj †cvlvK¸wj Avi‡ei †jv‡Kiv c~‡e©I e¨envi Ki‡Zv bv,
Avwg m„ó, Z‡e mªóv wek¦vm ev Zvi Aw¯—Z¡ Awbevh©| AvRI K‡i bv, gnvbexI [mv] Ki‡Zb bv|
mªóvi Aw¯—Z¡ ¯^xKv‡i Rx‡ei AvKvi-AvK…wZ, mv`v- Avgv‡`i Av‡jgMY Rvgv-Kvc‡o ivQy‡ji bKj
Kv‡jv, jyw½-c¨v›U, AvZi-Avj‡Lj−v, `uvwo-†gvP I mvR‡Z wM‡q fzj K‡i †g‡q‡`i †cvkv‡Ki w`‡K Szu‡K
Pz‡ji †Kvb f‚wgKv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| Z‡e nu¨v! ¯^-¯^ c‡o‡Qb| †g‡q‡`i †m‡jvqvi Ges Kvwg‡Ri gZB AweKj
†`k-cwi‡ek, AvenvIqv-Rjevqy Dc‡hvMx i“wPm¤§Z, †Svjv Avj‡Lj−v c‡ob; Uzwc, †nRve w`‡q Pzj-‡Pnvov
gvwR©Z mvR-‡MvR hyw³m½Z e‡U| XvKvi e¨_© †Póv Ki‡Qb; B`vwbs hei`¯— Av‡jgMY (!)
1. Bqv ewb Av`vgv--ZvKIqv| [7:Avivd-26] A_©: †n †g‡q‡`i Avi GKwU f‚lY Ô†nRveÕ ev ÔIobvÕ Uzwci wb‡P
Av`gRvZ! †Zvgv‡`i j¾v wbevi‡Yi Rb¨ I †ek- ev Mjvq e¨envi Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq! †`Lv hvq KvR‡ji
f‚lvi Rb¨ †cvkvK cwi”Q` w`‡qwQ Ges ag©fxi“ZvB cwie‡Z© myigvi e¨envi| Ggb A™¢zZ †cvkvK †h, Kv‡Q bv
m‡e©vrK…ó cwi”Q`| Avmv ch©š— cyi“l e‡jB mbv³ Kiv hvq bv| cvqLvbv I
2. Bqv ewb Av`vgv--gvmwR‡`| [7:Avivd-31] A_©: †n weQvbv G `yÕwU mgq Qvov gv_vi Uzwc KLbIB b‡o bv|
Av`gRvZ! Qvjv‡Zi mgq my›`i cwigvwR©Z †cvkvK hw`I Mv-MZi I gv_v †X‡K ivLvi weavb Av‡Q GKgvÎ
cwi”Q` ci‡e| Qvjv‡Zi mgq Ab¨ †Kvb mgq bq| Z‡e Avmvi Av‡jv GB
3. Aj−vû--ZzQ‡jgyb| [16:bvnj-81] A_©:--Ges †h, Avš—R©vwZK ag© e¨emvi ¯^v‡_© Kw_Z Av‡jgMY †`k-
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ m„wó K‡ib cwi‡aq e‡mªi; Zv we‡`‡k G‡m cÖK…wZi agK mn¨ Ki‡Z bv †c‡i Kw_Z mgyn
†Zvgv‡`i Zvc †_‡K i¶v K‡i Ges wZwb m„wó K‡ib mybœwZ †cvkvK GgbwK UzwcwU ch©š— †eØxbx (!) †cvkv‡K
†Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ e‡g©i, Zv †Zvgv‡`i hy‡× i¶v K‡i| Ave„Z K‡i iv‡Lb| wbw`©ó †`‡ki Zxeª kx‡Zi AvenvIqvi
Gfv‡eB wZwb †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Zuvi AbyMÖn c~Y© K‡ib Kv‡Q KwíZ wek¦ Bmjvwg Avš—R©vwZK mybœwZ †cvkv‡Ki
hv‡Z †Zvgiv Zvi f³ nI| GB bxie Ae¨³ civRq eoB Ki“Y|
110

gyjZt Bmjvgx: Av‡jv-evZvm, Av¸b-cvwb, gvwU evo‡Q, ZvB mKj‡K wP‡b ivLv m¤¢eci bq; c‡_ Nv‡U
ej‡Z wKQy †bB; Bmjvgx P›`ª-m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î ej‡ZI wKQy Pjv †divq, hy‡×i gv‡V †gvm‡jg‡`i bvbv mgm¨vi m¤§yLxb
eySvq bv; AZGe, BmjvwgK †`k ev †cvkvK ej‡ZI n‡Z nq; GgZve¯’vq †K †gvm‡jg Avi †K A‡gvm‡jg Zv
†Zgb wKQyi Aw¯—Z¡ Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| ¯^-¯^ AvenvIqv mbv³ Kiv †gv‡UB mnR bq; ZvB †gvm‡jgMY `uvwo †K‡U
I Rjevqy Abyhvqx Av`k© gvwR©Z, i“wPm¤§Z, Kg© Dc‡hvMx, †dj‡j †h‡Kvb Ae¯’vq †`Lv gvÎ mbv³ Kiv hv‡e|Ó GK_v
Avivg`vqK I Kj¨vYKi †cvkvK-cwi”Q`B kvwš—i Z_v ï‡b Dcw¯’Z mfvm` cÖPÛ mgm¨vq co‡jb| AZtci
Bmjvgx †cvkvK ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Kvbv-Nylv K‡i gnvbexi Kv‡Q mgq †P‡q
Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, Z`vwbš—b †cŠËwjK Avie mgv‡R wb‡jb †h, GRb¨ Zv‡`i fve‡Z n‡e| AZtci †Kvb GK
†bZv wbe©vP‡bi cÖavb gvcKvwV wQj `uvwo| †¯‹j w`‡q `uvwo mgq gnvbexi `iev‡i G‡m Zv‡`i AcviMZv cÖKvk K‡i
†g‡c †bZv wbe©vPb Kiv n‡Zv| GRb¨ †cŠËwjK‡`i g‡a¨ ej‡jb †h, gnvbexi wb‡`©‡k Zv‡`i hveZxq ab m¤ú`
Avw`Kvj †_‡KB `uvwoi cÖwZ‡hvwMZv Pj‡Zv| ZvB `uvwo Z¨vM Ki‡Z ivwR ; hy‡× Rxeb w`‡Z ivwR ; wewe Z¨vM Z_v
ivLv mvgvwRK I ag©xq weavb [myybœZ] wnmv‡e ¸i“Z¡ †c‡Zv| †`k Z¨vM Ki‡ZI ivwR ; cwie‡Z© gnvbex †hb Zuvi `uvwo
Rbve †bZv Avey †h‡n‡ji `uvwo me‡P‡q j¤^v wQj weavq KvUvi Av‡`kwU iwnZ K‡ib| evc-`v`v †PŠÏ cyi“‡li
wZwbB mgvR †bZvi `vwqZ¡ †c‡qwQ‡jb| AwfRvZ, RwoZ GB `uvwo‡Z; GUv Zviv wKQy‡ZB gvb‡Z
`uvwo m¤^‡Ü gnvbexi GKwU Ki“Y nvw`m Av‡Q| NUbvwU cvi‡e bv| gnvbex fvebvq co‡jb, AZtci ej‡jb,
e‡j‡Qb XvKv RMbœv_ wek¦we`¨vj‡qi BmjvwgK ÷vwW‡Ri Ò†Zvgv‡`i Aby‡iva †g‡b wbjvg, Z‡e †gvQ G‡Kev‡i
†nW Ae w` wWcvU©‡g›U cÖ‡dmi Avãym mvjvg; Zvi `uvwo wbg©~j Ki Ges `uvwo ivL wKš‘ GK gywV A_©vr Pvi Av½y‡ji
wQj bv| †Kb `uvwo iv‡Lb wb! G cÖ‡kœi Rev‡e e‡jb †h, †ewk bq| hv‡Z †gvQ wenxb Lv‡Uv `uvwo †`L‡jB gymwjg
wZwb †Kvb GK BmjvwgK Rjmvq Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb| Rjmvi Agymwjg †`LvgvÎ mbv³ Kiv m¤¢e n‡e|Ó G‡Z Zviv ivwR
mfvcwZ wQ‡jb evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK BDwbfviwmwUi me© nq| †mB †_‡K AvR ch©š— AvieevmxMY Ggb wK
cÖ_g fvBm-P¨v‡Âji W: wmivRyj Bmjvg, ZviI `uvwo BivbxMYI GB wbqg cvjb K‡i Avm‡Q| c¶vš—‡i Avgiv
wQj bv| BmjvwgK BDwbfviwmwUi GKRb fvBm- cybivq `uvwoi cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq †b‡gwQ! AvR‡Ki kwiq‡Z
P¨v‡Âj‡ii `uvwo †bB †Kb! H GKB AcÖZ¨vwkZ cÖ‡kœi ag©fxi“Zvi cÖavb gvcKvwV GB `uvwo! gnvbex †h eva¨ n‡qB
Rev‡e wZwb e‡jb, Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g `k‡K GK`v gnvbex `uvwo †i‡LwQ‡jb, Dc‡iv³ weei‡Y Zvi hyw³hy³Zv Lyu‡R
nhiZ Avey eKi, nhiZ Igi, nhiZ Avjxmn [iv] cvIqv hvq| a‡g©i Dci †`‡ni wewfbœ ¯’v‡bi Pzj-ck‡gi
D”Pc`¯’ mKj Qvnvevi †W‡K ej‡jb †h, ÒAvR †_‡K ¸i“Z¡I †bB, f‚wgKvI †bB weavq gnvbex Zv‡`i Aby‡iva
†Zvgv‡`i mK‡ji `uvwo †K‡U †dj‡Z n‡e|Ó Dcw¯’Z i¶v K‡iwQ‡jb| welqwU †hLv‡bB †jLv _vKzK ev †hB-B
mK‡jB †hb Zv¾e e‡b †M‡jv ! AZtci Gi KviY ejyK Zv hyw³m½Z, gvwR©Z I Kj¨vYKi e‡UB|
wRÁvmv Kivq gnvbex ej‡jb †h, Ò†`L ‡cŠËwKKMY c¶vš—‡I gnvbexi g„Zz¨i wZb Pvi cyi“l MZ nIqvi
mK‡jB `uvwo iv‡L, eZ©gv‡b †ek msL¨K Bûw`, †cŠËwjK c‡i Bgvg †evLvixMY [i] gnvbexi bv‡g Qwnn& [?] nvw`m
I wLª÷vb †_‡K †gvm‡jg n‡q‡Q; w`b w`b Avgv‡`i msL¨v iPbv Ki‡jb:
111

1. gnvbex [mv] e‡j‡Qb, `uvwo Avj−vni b~i| 2. c~Y©fv‡eB mdjZv AR©b K‡i‡Qb| †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi
GKMvwQ `uvwoi Pzj cÖwZ 70 nvRvi †d‡i¯Zv Sz‡j _v‡K| c‡i GwR` es‡ki Kw_Z LjxdvMY Kw_Z ivQy‡ji Rvgv
3. `uvwo ivLv gnvbexi QybœZ [weavb]| 4. †gvQ wfRv cvwb cwiavb K‡i ivQy‡ji f³ e‡j RbmvaviY‡K cÖZvwiZ
ev Lv`¨ †L‡j nvivg LvIqv nq, BZ¨vw`| nvw`m¸wj hw` K‡iwQ‡jb| A`¨ewa †mB cÖeYZv Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q|
mwZ¨B n‡q _v‡K Z‡e Rbve Avey †h‡nj, Avey jvnve, AvKvi-AvK…wZ‡Z gnvbexi bKj mvRvi e¨_© †Póv gyjZt
Avãyj−vn Be‡b DevB, gxi Rvdi, mvjgvb iƒk`x,WviDBb, Pig †eqv`we wK bv Zv †KD KLbI †f‡e †`‡L wb| `uvwo-
Kwe iwe›`ª bv_, Bûw` wkK‡`i‡K †gviZv`, Kv‡di, †gvP i¶Y Hw”QK, a‡g©i m‡½ Gi †Kvb m¤•K© †bB|
†gvbv‡dK Z_v Agymwjg ejvi †Kvb hyw³ Lyu‡R cvIqv hvq nhiZ gyQv (mv) 40 w`‡bi cvnvoev‡mi my‡hv‡M nhiZ
bv| KviY: 1. `uvwo Avj−vni b~i, Zv Zv‡`i Av‡Q| 2. nviƒb‡K [mv] f³MY mvgwqKfv‡e weåvš— K‡i wQj| nhiZ
`uvwoi Pzj cÖwZ 70 nvRvi †d‡i¯—v Sz‡j, Zv Zv‡`i Szj‡Q| gyQv [mv] wd‡i G‡m Ae¯’v †`‡L †i‡M nhiZ nviƒ‡bi [mv]
3. `uvwo ivLv QybœZ, ZvI Zviv cvjb Ki‡Qb| 4. hviv `uvwo a‡i agK †`qvq Zuvi fyj ‡f‡½ wQj; ms‡kvwaZ
ivQy‡ji Aš—Z GKwU mybœv‡Zi cvqiwe Ki‡eb, Zv‡`i Rb¨ n‡qwQ‡jb| mgv‡Ri cÖK…Z ag©fxi“ Av‡jgMY nhiZ gyQvi
†`vhL nvivg| nvw`‡mi G kZ©wUI Zviv cvjb Ki‡Qb| [mv] GB mybœZwU [QybœZ bq eis diR, KviY †Kviv‡b Gi
MÖv‡g-M‡Ä GLbI Kw_Z nq †h, ÒeKwiUv cqM¤^ix D‡j−L Av‡Q] Pvjy Ki‡j kwiqZ Rvgv-Kvc‡o ivQy‡ji
mybœZ cÖvß n‡q‡Q|Ó †QvU †ejvi K_v: m¤ú‡K© GK bvbvi bKj mvRvi N„Y¨ cÖeYZv †_‡K weiZ †_‡K wb‡R‡`i
GKwU `uvwoavix eKwi wQj| cÖvqB †¶Z-Lvgvi bó ms‡kvab Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb ; Zv‡Z gnvbexi bv‡g wg_¨v
Ki‡Zv| GKw`b eKwiwUi `uvwo a‡i Uvb‡Z Uvb‡Z bvbvi Acev‡`i fvi wKQyUv n‡jI jvNe n‡Zv|
Kv‡Q nvwRi K‡i ¶wZi ¶wZcyiY `vex Ki‡j bvbv Dëv *
cÖPÛfv‡e †¶‡c wM‡q cÖPwjZ Av‡jg †kªYxi gZ Mvjg›`
Ki‡Z jvM‡jb Ges ¶wZcyiY †`qv ev QvMj‡K mveavb 44 wgjv`
K‡i ivLv‡Zv `~‡ii K_v cwi¯‹vi fvlvq kZK© K‡i w`‡jb
†h, †di hw` eKwii Qybœ‡Z nvZ †`B Z‡e Aek¨B Avgvi 2002 mv‡ji †mŠw` Avi‡ei miKvwi gydwZi Òwgjv`
wVKvbv n‡e Rvnvbœvg ! bv hv‡qR I KzdzixÓ †NvlYvi d‡j mviv we‡k¦ GKwU bxie
AevK jv‡M †h, `uvwo ivQy‡ji mybœvZ n‡Z hv‡e †Kb!! wec−e n‡q †M‡jv| Av‡gwiKvi cÖvq mKj evsjv cwÎKvq
IwU gnvbexi Avgj †_‡KB wK MRv‡bv ev i¶Y ïi“ n‡q‡Q! Gi wei“‡× Dj½ cÖwZev‡`i So D‡VwQj; KviY †NvlYvwU
eis `uvwo cyi“‡li Ges wKQy msL¨K cïi cÖK…wZMZ mybœZ ev wQj †ckv`vix avwg©K‡`i e¨emvi Aw¯—‡Z¡i jovB| Zviv
weavb| †Kviv‡bi GKwU gvÎ AvqvZ Zz‡j a‡i wgjv‡`i ¯^c‡¶
Avw`Kvj †_‡KB kwiqZ gnvbexi cweÎ bv‡g wg_¨v e³e¨ †i‡L‡Qb; wKš‘ AvqvZwU cÖPwjZ wgjv‡`i ¯^c‡¶
d‡Zvqv iPbv K‡i AvKvi AvK…wZ‡Z AwZ mn‡RB avg©xK ev GK kZvskI f‚wgKv iv‡L wb, KviY AvqvZwU wQj nhiZ
ivQy‡ji bKj †m‡R wbixn mij ag©cÖvY RbmvaviY‡K Cmvi R‡b¥i BwZnvm gvÎ| m„wói cÖ‡Z¨KwU Rxe-Rš‘i
cÖZvwiZ Kivi c_ cvKv‡cv³ K‡i‡Qb; Avi G‡Z R‡b¥i myÎ Av‡Q; ¯^Zš‘fv‡e Zv †Kviv‡b †jLv bv _vK‡jI
112

†Kviv‡bi gZB Zv AKvU¨ mZ¨ e‡U! ZvB e‡j Awj‡Z- g‡Z cÖmywZ Ges gv Avwgbvi †hvwbc_ [wgjv`] bvcvK i³,
Mwj‡Z Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P AvZi †Mvjvc, myMwÜ, divm Avi K`h©nxb cwicvK Ae¯’vqB wQj; [`ª:†evLvix,5g LÛ
A‡_©i wewbg‡q Anin GKRb bexi Rb¥ w`em cvj‡bi AvwRRyj nK;c„:37] †Kvb †Kvb eqv‡b mKj wkïi R‡b¥i
†Kvb Bw½Z Zv‡Z †h †bB, Zviv Zv wb‡RivI Rv‡bb; wKš‘ cÖv°v‡j kqZvb †hvwb c‡_ Av½yj w`‡q 7g c`©v †f` K‡i
c~e©er Rbmvavi‡Yi `„wóåg K‡i Zv‡`i ag©e¨emv wUwK‡q wkïi Mv‡q ¸‡Zv gv‡i wKš‘ wkï gyn¤§‡`i gvÎ 1 c`©v †f`
ivLvi Rb¨ †ckv`vix gydwZ Z_v †mŠw` Avie‡K AK_¨ K‡i ¸‡Zv gvi‡Z m¶g n‡qwQj! Kv‡iv g‡Z †bvsiv †hvwb
fvlvq MvjvMvj Ki‡ZI K…cYZv K‡ib wb; GgbwK Zv‡`i c‡_ gyn¤§‡`i Rb¥ nq wb, n‡q‡Q Ab¨ c‡_, A‡jŠwKKfv‡e
†gvmjgvwb‡Z¡i Dci m‡›`n †cvlY K‡i‡Qb| BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw` welqe¯‘ msewjZ wgjv` gvnwd‡ji eqvb
cÖK…Zc‡¶ wgjv‡`i A_© wK! Drm, ˆewkó¨ Ges Zvi AvR nvRvi ermi hver mgv‡R, MÖvg-M‡Ä cÖPwjZ n‡q
djvdj wK! †Kb gydwZ A‰ea †NvlYv Ki‡jb! Zv mK‡ji Avm‡Q, Z‡e AvaywbK knix wgjv‡` wKQyUv ms‡kvab I
Rvbv Acwinvh©| msw¶ß n‡q G‡m‡Q e‡U! Z‡e Zv cvwikªwg‡Ki m‡½ mgq
ÔgvIjx`Õ A_© †Kvb e¨w³i Rb¥Kvj, Rb¥¯’vb, Rb¥w`b g~j¨vq‡bi Kvi‡YI n‡Z cv‡i|
Ges R‡b¥vrme, we‡kl K‡i bex nhiZ gyn¤§` [mv] Gi
Rb¥Kvj A‡_© Ôwgjv`Õ k‡ãi e¨envi nq| [`ª: H, c„: 129, wgjv‡`i Rb¥ BwZnvm:
2q LÛ]| msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡li `„wó‡Z:Ô--Ab¨Zg
AwaKvsk Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i g‡Z Ôwgjv`Õ Aviwe kã wb`k©b †mB M„nLvwb †hLv‡b wZwb fzwgó nb ÔgvIwj`yÕb-
bq eis cviwk© kã; hvi A_© cÖme, cÖme cÖwµqv, Rb¥ myÎ, bvexÕ|--cÖ_g w`‡K GB M„nLvwbi Dci †Zgb ¸i“Z¡
Rb¥ BwZnvm, †hvwb ev R‡b›`ªxq| Z‡e kãwUi Aviwe- Av‡ivc Kiv nq bvB| nviƒbyÕi ikx‡`i Rbbx Lvqhyivb [g„.
cviwk©i †Zgb †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB e‡U! cÖme cÖwµqv ev Rb¥ 173/789-90] me©cÖ_g GB mvaviY NiLvwb‡K mvjv‡Zi
BwZnvm ej‡Z bvix-cyi“‡li wgjb †_‡K mš—vb f‚wgô nIqv N‡i iƒcvš—wiZ K‡ib| ag©cÖvY gymwjgMY †hiƒc g`xbvq bex
ch©š— eySvq| [m] Gi ivI`v whqvivZ Kwi‡Z hvb, wVK Z`ªƒc Zvnvi
wgjv`ybœex Abyôv‡b: bex gynv¤§` (m) Gi cÖmeKv‡j f‚wgó nBevi ¯’v‡b Mgb Kwiqv fw³-kª×v wb‡e`b KiZ
†d‡i¯—vMY AvZzi N‡i Dcw¯’Z nq, Zviv †mLv‡b QvIqve nvwmj K‡ib| GBiƒc fw³-kª×v cÖ`k©‡bi †nZz
mvwie×fv‡e `vuwo‡q _v‡Kb, †KD gv Av‡gbvi j¾v ¯’v‡b Kvjµ‡g GB mKj ¯’v‡b h_v‡hvM¨ ¯’vcZ¨ wb`k©b cÖwZwôZ
†e‡nw¯— cvLv w`‡q evZvm K‡ib, †KD Zj‡c‡U gvwjk Kiv nq|--nhiZ [mv] Gi Rb¥w`b‡K cweÎ w`b wnmv‡e
K‡ib, †KD †e‡n‡¯—i †kªô g` Ôkiveyb ZûivÕ cvb Kivb| D`&hvcb Kiv m¤ú‡K© wjwLZ weeiY ïi“ nq Zvi eûw`b
wewe AvwQqv, wewe gwiqg cÖmywZi KvR K‡ib| †hvbxc_ c‡i|--GB w`‡b †h GKwU wewkó Drme nBZ hv wQj N‡i
†_‡K †gvnv¤§v‡`i cvÕ `ywU Av‡M †ei nq, †d‡i¯—vMY ZLb N‡i AbywôZ cvwievwiK Drme nB‡Z ¯^Zš¿; GB Z_¨wU
wPrKvi K‡i †k−vMvb †`b: ÔGRnvi Bqv ivQyjvj−vnÕ A_©vr RbkÖ“wZ‡Z me©cÖ_g g°vq mywew`Z _vKvi K_v wQj, A_P
Ôevwni/cÖKvk nDb, †n Avj−vni ivQyj!Õ AZtci Rg&Rg& me©cÖ_g Dnv Rvbv hvq Be‡b Ryevq‡ii wbKU nB‡Z [g„.
K‚‡ci cvwb G‡b cÖmywZ‡K ‡aŠZ Kiv nq| c¶vš—‡i wfbœ 614/1217]| wZwb ¯úóZ GKwU cÖ_vi D‡j−L K‡ib, †h
113

cÖ_vwU g°vq eû c~e© nB‡Z cÖPwjZ wQj| GB Drm‡ei Drm‡ei wewfbœ AvbyôvwbK wµqvK‡g©| dv‡Zgx‡`i Avgj
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M„‡n †mB Drm‡ei w`‡b AvMš‘‡Ki msL¨v e„w× nBZ Ges Kvi‡YB gvK&ixhx Ges Kvj&Kvkv›`xi MÖš’ e¨ZxZ mybœx
M„nLvwb †Kej GB Dcj‡¶B mvivw`b mK‡ji Rb¨ mvwn‡Z¨ GB mKj Drm‡ei †Kvb D‡j−L bvB, Ggb wK
we‡klfv‡e Db¥y³ _vwKZ| GB ¯’vb m›`k©b Ges GB Avjx cvkv gyeviv‡Ki b¨vq MÖš’KviMYI Kvq‡iv‡Z AbywôZ
Dcj‡¶ Abyôvbvw` mvgwMÖKfv‡e cÖvPxb gymwjg `i‡ek‡`i gvIwj‡`i c~Y© HwZnvwmK weeiYx cÖ`vbKv‡j Dnv RbM‡Yi
Abym„Z ag©xq c×wZ Abymv‡i Kiv nBZ| Abyôvb ewjqv †Kvb K_v e‡jb bvB| gymwjg MÖš’KviMY
Kvjµ‡g nhiZ [mv] Gi Rb¥ w`em D`hvc‡bi Rb¨ gvIwj‡`i Avw` Drm m¤ú‡K© †h HK¨gZ cÖ`vb K‡ib
byZbZi ixwZ cÖPwjZ nBj Ges Kvj I ¯’vb‡f‡` mvgvb¨ Zvnv‡Z †`Lv hvq †h, 604/1207 mv‡j Avi&evjv‡Z
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GKwU HK¨ cwijw¶Z nq Ges mgwóMZ fv‡e Dnvw`M‡K `x‡bi fMœxcwZ Avj-gvwjK gyRvd&dvi“Õ`-`xb †KvK&eyix|
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gvSvgvwS Kv‡j Ges †k‡li w`‡K D³ gvIwj`yb-bvex AZj Zjvq wbgw¾Z nBqv wMqvwQj| gyRvd&dvi“Õ`-`x‡bi
Drm‡ei c~e©vfvm †`Lv hvq, Iqvhxi Avj-Avd`v‡ji gvIwj‡`i c~Y© weeiYx †`b wKQy c‡ii cÖvq mgmvgwqK
Avg‡j [487-515/1095-1121]| GKevi ÔgvIqvjx` Be&b Lvwj−Kvb [g„. 681/ 1282]| cieZ©x †jLKMY Zvnvi
PZzóqÕ iwnZ Kiv nq wKš‘ Avevi Aí w`b c‡iB mv‡eK weeiYxi Dci wbf©i Kwiqv wbiew”Qbœfv‡e eY©bv w`qv
†MŠi‡ei mwnZ GB gvIqvjx` PZzóq‡K c~bi“w¾exZ Kiv Avwm‡Z‡Qb|--D³ kvm‡Ki e¨w³Z¡, µz‡mW msNU‡bi
nq| ZLb Drme Kiv nBZ cwi¯‹vi w`ev‡jv‡K Ges †Kej d‡j Zvnvi mg‡q †Mvj‡hvM m„wó Ges Zvnvi
bMixi miKvix Kg©Pvixe„›` Ges avwg©K e¨w³MYB Dnv‡Z cvwicvwk¦©KZv, hvnvi cÖwZ Be&b Lvwj−Kvb we‡kl g‡bv‡hvM
Ask MÖnY Kwi‡Z cvwi‡Zb| ZLb cÖv_wgK Drme ewjqv AvKl©Y K‡ib, GB mKj e¨vcvi GK‡hv‡M Avgv‡`i g‡b
wKQyB cÖPwjZ wQj bv, Z‡e GKwU wgwQ‡ji cÖ_v wQj A_©vr Giƒc aviYvi D‡`ªK K‡i †h, gvIwj` Drm‡ei µgweeZ©‡b
MY¨gvb¨ e¨w³MY †kvfvhvÎv mnKv‡i Ljxdvi cÖvmv‡` Mgb h‡_ó wLª÷vbx cÖfve iwnqv‡Q| Ab¨c‡¶ D³ kvmK mydx
Kwi‡Zb, Lxjdv cÖvmv‡`i eviv›`vq c`©vi Auvov‡j Av‡›`vj‡bi mwnZ Nwbôfv‡e mshy³ wQ‡jb ewjqv Abygvb
ewm‡Zb Avi Zvnvi m¤§y‡L Kvq‡ivi wZbRb LvwZe [e³v] Kiv hvq †h, gvIwj‡`i Dci m¤ú~Y© wfbœ cÖK…wZi mydx
ch©vqµ‡g ag©xq e³…Zv w`‡Zb Ges GB LyZevi mgq GKwU cÖfv‡ei m¤¢vebv iwnqv‡Q| gvIwj` Abyôvbvw`i eY©bv
we‡kl Abyôvb cvjb Kiv nBZ| LyZevi welqe¯‘ nBZ nB‡Z Bnv my¯úó| Drm‡ei c~e© nB‡ZB cÖ¯‘wZ Avi¤¢ nq
Drm‡ei Dcj¶wfwËK, wgk‡ii dvwZgx‡`i GB gvIjx` Ges `~i `~ivš—i nB‡Z RbmgvMg nq| kvmK ¯^qs we‡kl
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dvwZgv [iv] ZLbKvi kvmbiZ Lwjdv Z_v Bgvgyj nvw`‡ii mymw¾Z ÔKzÕe&evÕq Ae¯’vb Kwi‡Z cv‡i Ges Zvnvw`M‡K
gvIwj`I mgfv‡e D`&hvwcZ nBZ| Bgvgv: gZev‡`i kxqv MxZ-ev`¨ I Ab¨vb¨ Av‡gv`-cÖ‡gv` [Qvqv bvUK,
bxwZi cÖwZdjb †`Lv hvBZ gvIwj`yj Bgvwgj nvw`i †fvRevRx BZ¨vw`] Avc¨vwqZ Kiv nq|--cieZ©x iRbx
114

mydx‡`i mvnP‡h© we¯—i †jvKRbmn mvgv Z_v fw³gyjK wei“×ev`xiv wgjv‡`i wec‡¶ gZ cÖKvk K‡ib| GB ؇›Øi
m½xZ kªe‡Y AwZevwnZ K‡ib,--BZ¨vw`|--kw³kvjx m‡e©vrK…ó wjwLZ `wjj Avm&-myqZxi dvZ&Iqv| wZwb
mydx Av‡›`vj‡bi djkÖ“wZ‡Z Bnvi cÖmvi jvf nBqv‡Q| GB Dnv‡Z Drm‡ei HwZnvwmK NUbvejxi msw¶ß eY©bv `vb
cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z GB mZ¨wU fzwjqv hvIqv DwPr b‡n †h, cÖvq K‡ib, Dnvi LuywUbvwU welq Av‡jvPbv K‡ib Ges
me©hy‡M gymwjg mgv‡R gvIwj‡`i wei“‡× cÖej we‡ivwaZvI Dcmsnv‡i wm×vš— †NvlYv K‡ib †h, DrmewU we`ÕAv;
nBqv‡Q| Avi&‡ejvq AbywôZ gvIwj‡`i Avw`Kvj nB‡ZB nvmvbv: iƒ‡c Aby‡gv`b jv‡fi Dchy³, hw` Dnvi mKj
GBiƒc we‡ivwaZv Pwj‡Z‡Q| cÖwZc‡¶i g‡Z GB Drme cÖKvi Ace¨envi cwinvi Kiv nq| Beb& nvRvi Avj-
GKwU Ôwe`&ÕAv:Õ A_©vr beD™¢vweZ cÖ_v Ges mybœv‡Zi †Nvi nvqZvgx Z`xq gvIwj‡` Ges KzZ&ey`&-`xb GKB gZ †cvlY
wecixZ| GB Drm‡ei Drmvnx mg_©KMYI ¯^xKvi K‡ib K‡ib, wKš‘ AZ¨š— wbôvevb mybœvcš’x gvwjKx BebyÕj-nvR&R
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me©kw³ cÖ‡qv‡M Bnvi cÖwZ‡iva K‡ib| wKš‘ cÖPwjZ cÖ_v Pi‡g †cuŠwQqvwQj Aóg-beg kZ‡K, wKš‘ cieZ©xKv‡jI
A‡bK †¶‡Î ag©xq Abykvmb‡K QvovBqv hvq| RbM‡Yi GB we‡ivwaZv m¤ú~Y© w¯—wgZ nq bvB; eis Iqvn&nvexM‡Yi
ag©xq Rxe‡b GKevi mycÖwZwôZ Avmb jvf Kwievi Ges Afz¨`‡qi m‡½ m‡½ GB Abyóvb cybivq beRxeb jvf
wKQyUv ÔBRgvÕ Gi iƒc cwiMÖn Kwievi ci GB Drme K‡i| gvIwj` cÖ_v Iqvn&nvex‡`i gyjbxwZi wLjvd A_©vr
Kvjµ‡g wKQy msL¨K Avwj‡gi mg_©b jvf K‡i| Dnvi Zvnv‡`i g‡Z LuvwU mybœv: gyZvweK Bmjv‡gi cybi“¾xe‡bi
mg_©bKvwiMY GB we`ÕAvZ‡K bxwZMZfv‡e Ôwe`&ÕAv: mwnZ Bnvi we‡iva cÖKU| gvIwj‡`i cÖwZ Zvnv‡`i
nvmvbv:Õ iƒ‡c ¯^xK…wZ †`b|-- wei“×ev`xM‡Yi hyw³ KZKUv mvgwMÖK we‡ivwaZvI GB Kvi‡Y| GB e¨vcv‡i Zvnviv
GBiƒc: gvIwj‡` ev wgjv‡` myÕdx‡`i mvgv, [Mvb] b„Z¨ Ges Zvnv‡`i Av‡›`vj‡bi AMÖ`yZ Pigcš’x nv¤^jx Beb
fv‡ev”Q¡vmg~jK A‰bmjvwgK wµqvKjv‡ci Rb¨ Zvnv Zvqwgq¨v; [g„. 728/1328]Gi mybœv: we‡ivax we`&ÕAv‡Zi
cwiZ¨vR¨| GK †kªYxi †jvK wgjv‡` Ave„wˇK e¨emviƒ‡c wei“‡× DÌvwcZ cÖwZev` Kv‡h© cwiYZ Kwiqv‡Qb gvÎ (Beb
MÖnY Kwiqv‡Q Ges A‰eafv‡e AÁ RbM‡Yi g‡a¨ Bnvi Zvqwgq¨v:; gvIwj` iRbx‡Z ÔLvZ&gv:Õ Abyôv‡bi wei“‡×
cÖmvi e„w×i †Póv Kwi‡Z‡Q| GB D‡Ï‡k¨ Zvnviv dvZ&Iqv [Kvq‡iv 1326, 1L, 312]| Iqvnvwe gZev`
eûmsL¨K AcÖvgvY¨ nvw`m Ges A‡jŠwKK Kvwnbx eY©bv K‡i mvaviYfv‡e M„nxZ bv nB‡jI Zvnv‡`i gvIwj` msµvš—
hvnv‡Z ivQyj [mv] Gi cÖK…Z mË¡v AjxK Kvwnbxi Auvovj gZev` A`¨ewa we`¨gvb| ¯^bvgab¨ gyn¤§` Ave&`yn
nBqv c‡o| cÖPvi Kiv nq †h, ivQyj [mv] cÖwZwU wgjv` (g„.1905) cÖwZwôZ †h ms¯’vwU‡K'Goldziher
gvn&wd‡j Dcw¯’Z nb Ges GB Rb¨ Zvnvi cÖwZ m¤§vb Kulturwahhabismus’ bv‡g AvL¨vwqZ Kwiqv‡Qb †mB
cÖ`k©bv_© `uvovBqv mg¯^‡i mvjvZ I mvjvggyjK KweZv ms¯’vi †jvK‡`i g‡a¨ GBiƒc gZev` we‡klfv‡e cÖPwjZ|
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Acwinvh© AsM-GBiƒc aviYv mvaviY gvby‡li g‡b e×gyj msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, c„: 129-30]
Kwiqv †`Iqv †Kvbµ‡gB mgxPxb b‡n, BZ¨Kvi hyw³‡Z wek¦‡Kv‡li Dwj−wLZ BwZnv‡m Rvbv hvq †h, wgjv`
115

gvnwd‡ji myÎcvZ nq gnvbexi cÖmywZ KzwUi‡K †K›`ª K‡i| eqv‡bi A_© Rv‡b bv, wgjv` A_© wK! ZvI Rv‡b bv e‡jB
Kvev Ni‡K †K›`ª K‡i †hgb Avš—R©vwZK Abyôvb nq, we‡k¦i i¶v|
mKj †`‡ki AvMÖnx RbMY †mLv‡b mg‡eZ n‡q n¾ cvjb bexi Rb¥, eQ‡ii GKwU wbw`©ó w`b-Zvwi‡L Ges
K‡ib, gw`bvq ivQy‡ji iIRv †gveviK‡K †K›`ª K‡i gvbyl AwaKvsk gymwjg †`‡k H w`bwU cvjbI Kiv nq| Z_vwc
†hgb †mLv‡b mg‡eZ nq, Z`ª“c Zvi Rb¥ KzwUi‡K †K›`ª w`b †bB, ivZ †bB, ¯’vb-Kvj-cv‡Îi †f` †bB, wkï
K‡iB wgjv` gvnwd‡ji cÖavb j¶¨ wQj Ges Bnvi D‡`¨v³v R‡b¥, Agy‡Ki g„Zz¨‡Z bexi R‡b¥vrme cvjb! KkvBi
Ljxdv nvi“b-Ai-ikx‡`i gvZv Ges cÖwmw× jvf K‡i †`vKvb, Ry‡Zvi †`vKvb, g‡`i †`vKvb, ûwÛ-my‡`i
mydxev‡`i ej cÖ‡qvM cÖ‡Póvq, hv‡`i AwaKvskB kxqv †`vKvb D‡Øva‡b bexi cÖm‡evrme cvjb! bZzb evwo
m¤cÖ`vqf‚³ wQ‡jb| mybœx‡`i `„wó‡Z Zviv h_vh_ D‡Øva‡b, Nyl cÖ‡qv‡M wg_¨v mv¶xi gvgjv-†gvKÏgvq Rq,
†gvm‡jg bq e‡j mybœxMY bxwZMZfv‡e G Abyôv‡bi †Nvi cix¶v cv‡k, k‡eeivZ, k‡eK`i, AvwKKvq, we‡q,
we‡ivax wQ‡jb, AvRI Av‡Q, wKš‘ RMvwLPzix n‡q| †ivRvq, C‡`, c‡`vbœwZ‡Z, †ivM gyw³‡Z, gvRv‡i-
Z_vwc G Abyôvb Kvjµ‡g mybœx mgv‡R, †`‡k †`‡k gvRv‡i, LvRvevevi KwíZ bKj gvRv‡i, wj½ KZ©‡b
Ges N‡i N‡i D`hvc‡bi †nZz e¨emvqxK ¯^v_© Qvov Ab¨ hveZxq my I Kz-Kg© ïi“‡Z bexi cÖm‡evrme ev Rb¥ w`em
†Kvb hyw³ Luy‡R cvIqv hvq bv| KviY ivQyj wb‡R K‡ib wb, cÖwZ w`b, cÖwZ gyû‡Z© cvwjZ n‡”Q! c¶vš—‡i cxi †Kejvi
Kivi wb‡`©kI †`b wb weavq Pvi LjxdvMYI K‡ib wb| ev Avcb cÖm‡evrme eQ‡i GKev‡ii †ewk cvjb Ki‡j
Avi wZj cwigvY mIqv‡ei Avkv _vK‡j gnvbex mgv‡R weZwK©Z I wbw›`Z nq, wKš‘ bexi †ejv cÖkswmZ
†gvmjgvb‡`i‡K Aek¨B wbivk Ki‡Zb bv| nq! cÖMwZkxj mgv‡R G‡nb ee©iZvi bwRi Ab¨ †Kvb a‡g©
Rxe ev gvbyl gvÎB fM-evb avix; Rb¥ I †hvwb msµvš— Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| wn›`y‡`i 12 gv‡m 13 cve©‡b
welq-Avmq mK‡jB cwiÁvZ Ges RwoZ| ZeyI welqUv eªvþ‡Yi e¨emvi cÖmvi N‡U gvÎ| wbixn RbmvaviY
mK‡ji Kv‡QB Ak−xj, Mwn©Z Z_v †NviZi j¾vRbK AvbygvwbK, KvíwbK †e‡n¯—, e¨emvi DbœwZ I cvc
welq e‡j KvÛÁvb K‡i _v‡Kb| GgbwK cï‡`iI H LÛ‡bi †jv‡f KóvwR©Z A_© nvivq| bexi Idv‡Zi 14kZ
A½wU cÖvK…wZKfv‡eB c`©vbkxj _v‡K| GgbwK Zv‡`i ermi cvi nIqvi c‡iI cÖm‡evrm‡e cwVZ nq, ÔGRnvi
cÖmeKv‡jI †Mvcb I wbivc` GKUz RvqMv †Luv‡R| Bqv ivQyjvj−vnÕ A_©vr gv Av‡gbvi ¸ßv½ †_‡K AvswkK
kwiq‡Zi cwifvlvq H †Mvcb A½wU Ges Zvi e¨envwiK cÖmyZ wkï gynv¤§`‡K cÖKvk nIqvi ev †ei n‡q Avmvi
welq-Avmq K_vq Kv‡R, fv‡e, fvlvq I Bw½‡Z cÖKvk Av‡`k ev Aby‡iva Kiv nq! GwK ZvÛe jxjv-†Ljv! GwK
Kiv †NviZi Ak−xj I Mwn©Z KvR e‡j GwKb Kiv nq| ee©iZv Pj‡Q †Qvqv‡ei bv‡g, a‡g©i bv‡g! †mŠw` Avi‡e
c¶vš—‡i GKRb bexi cÖme cÖwµqvi wPθwj R‡b¥vrm‡ei wgjv` co‡j Zvi kvw¯— †eÎNvZ †Kb! †Kb gydwZ Dnv
[wgjv`] bv‡g mviv we‡k¦ N‡i evB‡i †hfv‡e eqvb Kiv nq Kzdzix †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb, Zv wKQyUv n‡jI cwi¯‹vi e‡U! GB
Zv‡Z Bmjvg a‡g©i ˆewkó¨ †R‡b-ï‡bB KvíwbK e¨emv DˇivËi cÖmvi K‡í j¶ j¶ †Qvqv‡ei †jvf
mIqv‡ei Avkvq Anin Ges cÖKv‡k¨ c``wjZ Kiv nq| †`Lv‡bv nq, GgbwK ivQyj cÖm‡evrm‡e nvwRi _v‡Kb e‡j
Kcvj fv‡jv †h, wbixn RbmvaviY wgjv‡`i D`©~-Aviex †kªôZg AvmbLvwb‡Z gLg‡ji Zzj-Zz‡j Mw` †c‡Z
116

iv‡Lb! hv‡Z gnvbexi cvQv †gvevi‡Ki wZjUzKzI `ytL bv K‡ib Ges KvbœvKvwU, AvnvRvwi, mycvwik Ges `vb-
cvb! cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Awj‡Z-Mwj‡Z LvRv evevi KwíZ Lqiv‡Zi Abycv‡Z cÖwZwU †gvmjgv‡bi fvM¨ wj‡Lb;
gvRvi Abyôv‡bI Abyiƒc AvKl©Y m„wó Kiv nq| wgjv‡`i AZtci †mB ev‡RU Abycv‡Z ciewZ© ermi ¸Rvi
`vIqvZ †c‡jB Avi K_v †bB, RvgvZ bvgv‡Ri diR Kg© K‡ib| GB fvM¨ AbyôvbwU eZ©gvb Kw_Z ZvejxM Rvgv‡Zi
KvRv K‡i nvwRi nB gnvbexi KwíZ cÖme Abyôv‡b, `y‡Uv gZB †KvivwbK `wjj cÖgvbnxb GKwU Abyóvb hvÕ ‡NvwlZI
evowZ Av‡qi Avkvq| ejv nq `i-`vg Klv-Kwl K‡i ev bq A‡NvwlZI bq|
†P‡q †Zv Avi †bB bv! wKš‘ wel ev nvivg †P‡q †L‡j †h cÖm½µ‡g GLv‡bB ejv `iKvi †h, kwiqZ ÔAv‡LiÕ
dj, bv †P‡q †L‡jI ‡mB dj; GB mvaviY Ávb _vKv k‡ãi A_© K‡i Rxe‡bi †kl A_©vr g„Zz¨i c‡ii Ae¯’v|
m‡Ë¡I hyw³nxb hyw³i AeZviYv K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i AvR wKš‘ GB ZejxM RvgvZ cÖwZ ermiB Av‡Lix †gvbvRvZ
cqmv bv w`‡j Kvj Avm‡eb wK bv m‡›`n| A_©vr †kl †gvbvRvZ ev g„Zz¨i c‡ii †gvbvRvZ K‡i
AZGe †mŠw` gydwZi wgjv` m¤^wÜq d‡Zvqvq hviv _v‡Kb; wKš‘ †kl ej‡jI †Kvb ermiB Dnv †kl nq bv;
wØ-gZ †cvlY K‡ib, Zv‡`i bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`Lv DwPr AvDqvj, Rv‡ni, ev‡Zb †Kvb Kv‡jB †gvbvRv‡Zi dj
Ges †Kviv‡bi KwVb wb‡`©k ¯§iY ivLv DwPr: BËv‡eD cÖvß n‡q‡Q e‡j Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB| AbyôvbwU Invex mybœx
gvj−v-Bqvm-AvjyKzg AR¡ivD Aû¤§yg gynZv`yb `‡ji †e`vZ Abyôvb e‡j GwR`-gviIqvbx Aewkó
[36:Bqvmxb-21] A_©: AbymiY Ki Zv‡`i hviv ag©-K‡g©i mybœxMY H Abyôv‡bi mg_©b bv Ki‡jI we‡kl we‡kl MY¨-
wewbgq gRyix MÖnY K‡i bv Ges mrc_ cÖvß| gvb¨ e¨w³MY Dcw¯’Z _v‡Kb gvÎ wbe©vP‡b †fvU nvivevi
†Kviv‡b R‡b¥vrme cvj‡bi †Kvb Av‡`k ev wb‡la f‡q; Avi Invex wei“× Rvgv‡Z Bmjvg `jwUi cÖavbMY
†bB| AZGe †h †KD, wb‡Ri ev A‡b¨i R‡b¥vrme KLbI H Abyôv‡b †hvM`vb K‡ib bv Ges ‡fvU nvivevi
eQ‡ii wbw`©ó w`‡b ¯^Ztd‚Z©fv‡e cvjb Ki‡Z cv‡i ˆe GKB Kvi‡Y cÖwZev`I K‡ib bv|
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eqvb, Aev¯—e I KwíZ †Qvqv‡ei cÖ‡jvfb ev wba©vwiZ fvM¨ wb‡q wkïi Rb¥ nq| cÖgvb ¯^iƒc wbæ ewY©Z
†ckvwfwËK bv nq Ges e¨w³ I mgvR‡K weåvš— bv K‡i| gvby‡li Rb¨ Akx−j I Avj−vni Rb¨ ¸i“Zi Kj¼ RwoZ
* nvw`mwU AZxe j¶bxq:
Avbvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z Av‡Q, bex e‡j‡Qb, Avj−vn
45 kÕ‡e eivZ cÖ‡Z¨K Mf©vk‡qi ch©‡e¶‡Yi Rb¨ [Mf©vav‡i]GKRb
†d‡ikZv wb‡qvwRZ iv‡Lb| [†mB †d‡ikZv Mf©RvZ mš—vb
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Aviex eivZ A_© fvM¨ A_©vr ÔfvM¨ iRbxÕ Ab¨ K_vq msev` Avj−vni mgx‡c D‡j−L Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| cÖ_g Pwj−k
ZM`xi iRbx ev Lvm Aviex‡Z ÔjvBjvZzj eivZÕ Ges w`b hLb Dnv exh©vKv‡i _v‡K ZLb] H †d‡ikZv ej‡Z
gZvš—‡i ÔjvBjvZzj K`iÕI ejv nq| A_©vr aviYv Kiv nq _v‡Kb, †n c‡ivqvi †`Mvi! GLbI exh©vKv‡i Av‡Q|
†h, Avj−vn cÖwZ ermi †d‡i¯—v‡`i wb‡q ev‡RU m‡¤§jb AZtci [hLb i³wcÛ nq, ZLb †d‡ikZv e‡j _v‡Kb] †n
117

ciIqvi‡`Mvi! GLb i³wcÛ n‡q‡Q| AZtci [gvsmwcÛ bv| BwZnvm e‡j gynv¤§` [mv] bex nIqvi c~e© ch©š— †niv
n‡j] e‡jb, †n ciIqvi‡`Mvi! GLb gvsmwc‡Û cwiYZ ce©‡Zi ¸nvq erm‡ii †Kvb GKwU gv‡m Avie‡`i
n‡q‡Q| AZtci hw` H gvsmwcÛ‡K Avj−vn gvbyliƒ‡c cwiwPZ ÔZvnvbœZÕ bvgK Ava¨vwZ¥K mvabv Ki‡Zb| gv‡mi
cwiYZ Kivi B”Qv K‡ib [Ges †d‡ikZv †mB m¤ú‡K© †k‡l wewe Lvw`Rv ‡KŠZznjx `j-ej wb‡q ¯^vgx‡K Af¨_©bv
Avw`ó nb] Z‡e †d‡ikZv Avih K‡ib, †n Rvwb‡q evwo wb‡q Avm‡Zb Ges c‡_ Mixe `ytLx I
ciIqvi‡`Mvi! cyi“l n‡e bv ¯¿x? e`eL&Z n‡e bv m½x‡`i g‡a¨ i“wU-i“wR weZiY Ki‡Zb| [`ª: Ôgyn¤§`Õ gnv
†bKeL&Z Ges wRÁvmv K‡ib, Zvi Rb¨ wK [cwigvY I bexi Rxebx; ‡jLK; K¨v‡ib Avg©óªs; Abyev`: kIKZ
cÖKvi] wiwhK wba©vwiZ n‡e? Zvi eqm KZ wba©vwiZ n‡e? †nv‡mb; c„: 93]
Giƒ‡c gvbyl gvZ…M‡f© _vKve¯’vqB [Zvi cÖwZwU welq Avj−vn Dwj−wLZ wKwÂr BwZnvm Ges `j-Dc`jxq KwZcq nvw`m
Av‡`k Abymv‡i] wjwLZ n‡q hvq| [`ª: †evLvix, 3q L. Qvov Avi †Kvb `wjj cÖgvb †bB| AviI Zv¾‡ei welq
AvwR. nK; nv. bs-1587, c„: 278; Av‡iv †`Lyb: 1586] ‡h, miKvix QywU †Nvlbvmn cÖavbZt evsjv‡`k, m¤¢eZt
Avj−vni Rb¨ Kj¼ e‡jwQ GRb¨ †h, nvw`‡m cÖgvb †h, fviZ I cvwK¯’v‡bi wKQy wKQy †gvmjgvb Qvov Avie
Avj−vn †d‡ikZvi LeivLei Qvov Mf©vk‡qi ch©vqµg †`kmn gymwjg we‡k¦ cvjY Kiv †Zv `~‡ii K_v! kÕ‡e
m¤^‡Ü m¤ú~Y© AÁ _v‡Kb! A_P ‡Kvivb †Nvlbv K‡i : eivZ wK! ZvBB Zviv Rv‡b bv; hw`I Invex‡`i Av‡Lix
1 A‡jK¡y‡j−--Bqvgvjyb| [6: AvbAvg-132] †gvbvRvZ m¤^‡Ü †ewk Kg Zv‡`i Rvbv Av‡Q| Avj−vn‡K
A_©: cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Kg© Abyhvqx †m dj †fvM †`Lv hvh bv wKš‘ †gvmjgvbMY bex‡K †`‡L‡Q, †Kvivb
K‡i--| ‡`‡L‡Q, †d‡ikZv †`‡L‡Q (!) wKš‘ kqZvb‡K ‡hgb
2 RvwjKv †eAvbœv--Avjxg| [8:Avbdvj-53] †`‡Lwb †Zgb kÕ‡e eiv‡Zi myPYvKvix‡KI KLbI
Bnv GRb¨ †h hw` †Kvb RvwZ wb‡R‡`i Ae¯’vi †`‡Lwb|
cwieZ©b bv K‡i Z‡e Avj−vn Ggb b‡nb ‡h, nvw`‡m Kw_Z nq †h, eQi eQi fvM¨ wjwLZ nq Ges †m
wZwb Dnv‡`i †h m¤ú` w`‡q‡Qb Zv wZwb Abymv‡iB †gvmjgv‡bi msmvi RxeY PvwjZ nq e‡jB
cwieZ©b Ki‡eb| mvaviYZt Avgiv Kg© weg~L Ajm, ‡fvMev`x Ges ci-
3 Bbœvj−vnv--‡e Avbdz‡Qwng| [14:ivÔ`-11] c`‡jnx|
A_©: Avj−vn †Kvb RvwZi Ae¯’vi [fvM¨] mvaviY gvbyl †Kb fv‡e bv †h, Ab¨ †Kvb RvwZi fvM¨
cwieZ©b K‡ib bv hZ¶Y Dnviv wb‡R‡`i iRbxi Dci wek¦vm †bB; Zviv ZvÕ cvjY K‡i bv, Kvbœv-
Ae¯’v [fvM¨] wb‡Riv cwieZ©b bv K‡i| KvwU, AvnvRvix, `vb-LqivZI K‡i bv ZeyI Zv‡`i fv‡M¨
Ô¯^ ¯^ Kg© Abyhvqx dj cÖ`vb Kiv n‡eÕ GZwØlq †Kviv‡b GZ Ávb, GZ kw³ GZ cÖvPzh¨© †Kvb& Avj−vn wj‡L †`q Ges
AmsL¨ AvqvZ Av‡Q | gnvbexi 22 ermi Ges †Lvjvdv‡q †Kb? fvM¨ iRbx‡Z Dcw¯’Z †_‡K, AKvZ‡i `vb-LqivZ
iv‡kØx‡bi 35 erm‡ii g‡a¨ GKwU w`bI Zviv kÕ‡e eivZ [Nyl] K‡iI †KbB ev Zv‡`i LvZvq Agymwjg‡`i c`‡jnb
cvjY K‡ib wb| Z_vwc ‡K! †Kb! KLb! wKfv‡e Kw_Z Ki‡Z ‡jLv nq ?
fvM¨ iRbxi myPYv K‡ib Zvi †Kvb BwZnvm cvIqv hvq *
118

1g: Avj−vn R‡b¥i mgqB fvM¨ wj‡Lb|


46 kÕ‡e K`i 2q: Avj−vn k‡e eiv‡Z fvM¨ wj‡Lb|
3q: Avj−vn k‡e K`‡i fvM¨ wj‡Lb ev ms‡kvab
Bnv‡K Aviex‡Z ÔjvBjvZzj eivZÕI ejv nq| ÔjvBjÕ K‡ib|
A_©: ivZ, ke©ix, AÜKvi ev ee©iZv A_©vr Rvwnwjqv ev GKK Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vmx n‡j GB ˆÎ wek¦vm Kzdzix I †k‡iKx
Ae¶‡qi hyM ejv hvq; jvBj ev AÜKvi‡K ب_©‡evaK ev e‡jB g‡b nq| KviY GKK Avj−vni c‡¶ GKB Kv‡Ri
i“cK †Kvb A‡_©B Kz Qvov my A‡_© cÖavbZt e¨eüZ nq bv| 3wU w`b hyw³m½Z bq| kwiqZ cÖK…Zc‡¶B †h gymwjg
K`i k‡ã: †kªó, gnvb, kw³, m‡e©vP¨, wefrm Agvwbkv, RvwZ‡K weåvš— K‡i‡Q Zvi 99 fvM cÖgv‡bi g‡a¨ BnvI
Øya©l©, Pzovš— , Pig BZ¨vw` my ev Kz †h †Kvb †`vl-¸‡Yi Ab¨Zg| cÖK…Z gymwjgZ¡ eRvq ivL‡Z PvB‡j Aek¨B H
m‡eŸ©vP¨ ch©vq ev Ae¯’v eySvq| wÎZ¡ wek¦vm Awej‡¤^ cÖZ¨vnv‡ii †Nvlbv ev †Zvev Kiv
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm †h, 7g Avmgv‡bi D‡×© emevm iZ DwPr|
Avj−vn k‡e eivZ, gZvš—‡i k‡e K`‡ii iv‡Z 4 Rb mgvR Z_v †`k hLb AvBb-k„sL¨jv, b¨vq-bxwZ BZ¨vw`i
†d‡i¯—vi Kuv‡a P‡o 1g gZvš—‡i 2q Avmgv‡b G‡m PxrKvi mvwe©K Ae¶q N‡U ZLb kvwš— cÖwZôvi j‡¶¨ †kl Dcvq
K‡i ej‡Z _v‡Kb †h, ÔI‡n ! Avgvi ev›`v! †K Av‡Qv wnmv‡e mvavibZt Ôgvk©vj jÕ Rvwi Kiv nq| ewnt kw³
Avgvi ¶gv †bqvi Rb¨!Õ (`ª: nvw`m)| †_‡K Akvwš— NUvi AvksKvq AvZ¥i¶vi Rb¨ ch©vß
kwiqZ k‡e eivZ I k‡e K`i welq `yÕwU wb‡q AvRI Lv`¨,emª I evm¯’vb w`‡q †d‡i¯—vmg GKcvj hy×evR
wm×vš—nxbZvq fyM‡Q; KLbI KLbI H `yÕ‡Uv‡K w`b- (‰mb¨) cvwjZ nq| Avš— kvwš—i Pig Ae¶q I wech©q
ZvwiL †f‡` GK K‡i †d‡jb| Z‡e cv_©K¨ Ki‡Z PvB‡j ‡iv‡a eva¨ n‡q GivB hLb †`‡ki Awj-Mwj, Avbv‡P
GUzKz cvIqv hvq †h, k‡e eivi iv‡Z Z`exi-mycvwik Kvbv‡Pi mKj wbqš¿Y ejer K‡i ZLb Ab¨vqKvix, kV&,
Abycv‡Z mviv eQ‡ii fvM¨ wjLv nq; c¶vš—‡i AvbygvwbK ayi›`i †fvM-wejvmx‡`i cvBKvix nv‡i ai-cvKo K‡i
gvÎ 40 w`‡bi gv_vq (k‡e eivZ †_‡K k‡e K`‡ii `~iZ¡ Zwor wePvi wb®úwË K‡i mgv‡R cÖkvwš— Av‡jvi/(†fvi
35 †_‡K 40 w`b) Avj−vni wjwLZ ALÛbxq fv‡M¨i nIqv ch©š—) cybtmyPYv Kiv nq| d‡j GK `‡ji Dci †b‡g
wei“‡× Kw_Z k‡e K`‡ii iv‡Z k‡e eiv‡Zi wjLb (!) Av‡m Pig Awfkvc, nvûZvm Avi wbixn mvavi‡Yi Dci
cybivq gy³ n‡¯— `vb (Nyl!), mycvwik, bb& fv‡qv‡jmb ewl©Z nq kvwš—| bex-ivQyj‡`i AvMgY N‡U AweKj H
(bxie )msMÖvg, Avj−vni Ni gmwR` †NivI, Abkb ev GKB Kvi‡Y; †Kviv‡b hvi fywi fywi cÖgvb cvIqv qvq|
Zvq-Z`exi K‡i AcQ›`bxq wjLb gy‡Q †djvi KvíwbK Avj−vn‡K ¯^xKvi/A¯^xKvi K‡iI hw` †`k ev gvbe mgvR
Ac‡Póv gvÎ| Ab¨ w`‡K GI wek¦vm K‡i †h, Rb¥¶‡YB cÖavbZt †gŠwjK `vwqZ¡-KZ©e¨ Ges †fvM-wejv‡m †cU I
g„Zz¨ ch©š— wkïi fvM¨ ev ZM`xi wba©vib K‡i †`qv nq, hv wc‡Vi mgvwaKv‡i wg‡j-wg‡k kvwš—c~Y©fv‡e emevm Ki‡Zv
ALÛbxq! kwiq‡Zi GB wÎg~Lx wek¦v‡mi mvgwMÖK cwiYwZ Z‡e bex ivQyj Avmvi cÖ‡qvR n‡Zv bv| Avi Zvjv-Pvwe I
`vovq: L„óvb‡`i GKwU Dc-`‡ji gZB Bmjvgx (!) †evgv-evi“‡`iI Avwe¯‹vi n‡Zv bv| wKš‘ Zv Kw®§YKv‡jI
kwiqZ wÎZ¡ev‡`i aviK I evnK! A_©vr: nevi bq| KviY gbyl¨RvZ mvc-mwik„c, †cvKv-gvKo
119

†_‡K ïIi evb‡ii i‡³i DËivwaKvix my‡Î weewZ©Z †kªó †c‡Z cvi| mK‡j igRv‡bi 25, 27, 29 ZvwiK iv‡Î
RvwZ (BfwjDmb w_Iix)| G Rv‡Zi †`n gv_vq wcQ‡bi jvBjvZzj A‡š^lY Ki|-- Dnvi ga¨ †_‡KB †Kvb GKwU
hvewZq cï-cw¶i i³ I PwiÎ weØgvb †nZz ¶‡Y ¶‡Y GK ivZ jvBjvZzj K`i n‡e|Õ [`ª; †evLvix, 1g LÛ; AvwR:
GKwU Avw` PwiÎB gv_v Pvov w`‡q D‡V| Kv‡j f‡`ª evsjv- nK, c„: 62]
cvK-fviZ Dcgnv‡`kxq Awkw¶Z KzKz‡ii PwiÎB wkw¶Z we‡kl K‡i mybœx †gvm‡jgMY Dwj−wLZ nvw`mwUi Dci
wek¦ Ry‡o we¯—vi jvf K‡i‡Q| AMva wek¦vm †i‡L wbw`©ó ivZwU cvIqvi Rb¨ AvR cÖvq
gnv cyi“l,gnv gvbe‡`i Avwef©ve nq †`k Z_v RvwZi Pig †`o nvRvi eQi hver †Póv K‡i hv‡”Qb| kwiq‡Zi g‡Z
Ae¶q I wech©‡qi mwܶ‡Y| KZ AvDwjqv, MvDm, KzZze, cxi, gydwZ, Avj−vgv,
Pig AÜKvi hy‡M, Pzovš— ee©iZvi hy‡M, a¨vb-aviYv, †gvRv‡Ï`mn we‡k¦i †KvwU †KvwU bvix-cyi“l hyM hyM a‡i
AvBb-ïsL¨jvi mvwe©K Ae¶q, AebwZi hy‡M ‡gvnv¤§` AvgiY †Póv K‡i Ki‡Qb! iv‡Zi ci ivZ †R‡M †R‡M
(mv) I gwngvwš^Z †Kvivb bvwRj n‡q‡Q| G‡Z Kv‡iv KZ KvbœvKwU, AvnvRvix, mvab-fRb, `vb-LqivZ K‡iI
wØg‡Zi AeKvk †bB| †Kvivb Z_v Awn iv‡Z wKsev w`‡b A`¨vewa gvÎ 3wU iv‡Zi ga¨ †_‡K GKwU ivZ D×vi Kiv
bvwRj nIqvi wcQ‡b †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB, ¸i“ inm¨I m¤¢e nqwb! c¶vš—‡i ivZwUi Rvbv cwiPq †bB, A_P
wbwnZ †bB| ivZ wKsev Mfxi AÜKv‡i gvbyl wK Pvq? Pvq Dnvi dwRjZ m¤^‡Ü eQi eQi wbw`©ó gImy‡g eB cy¯—K I
gyw³, Pvq Av‡jv, Ávb! Pvq kvwš—, wbivcËv! hv 14k ermi cwÎKv¸‡jv‡Z eo eo Av‡jg Aa¨vcK, cxi-gyiwk`MY
c~‡e©B †`qv n‡q‡Q| AZGe cÖK…Z Ávbx ag©fxi“‡`i DwPr Ggb `i` w`‡q †j‡Lb, co‡j g‡b nq †hb Zviv mivmwi
wekvj ü`q wb‡q Qyiv K¡v`i m¤^‡Ü Mfxi M‡elYv Kiv| Awn cÖvß n‡qB †j‡Lb|
Rbve ‡evLvixMY e‡jb: nvw`mwUi Av‡jv‡K hLb `yÕRb †gvm‡jg Z_v mvnvevi
nvw`mwU c~‡e©I ewY©Z n‡q‡Q,cvVK‡`i myweavi Rb¨ cybt ci¯úi SMovi Kvi‡Y ¯^qs Avj−vn †Mvm¨v n‡q wek¦ gvbe
ms‡¶‡c †`qv n‡jv: Kj¨v‡Yi wbwg‡Ë cÖ`Ë¡ AwnwU bexi KvQ †_‡K wQwb‡q
GK`v nhiZ gynv¤§` (mv) jvBjvZzj K`i m¤^‡Ü ÁZ wb‡jb! Avi †dir w`‡jb bv! ZLb gnv Kwe bRRi“j
Kivevi Rb¨ †ei n‡jb| cw_g‡a¨ `yÕRb †gvm‡jg SMov Bmjv‡gi evbxwU g‡b c‡o: ÔAvwUqv Mv‡Q gvijvg Zxi/
KiwQj ZLb ivQyjvj−vn (mv) Qvnvwe‡`i j¶¨ K‡i ej‡jb, †PvL †M‡jv R¨vVvi|Õ Avi ‡dir w`‡eb bv e‡jB Zvi
ÔAvwg jvBjvZzj K`i m¤^‡Ü †Zvgvw`M‡K ÁvZ Kivevi wm×v‡š— AUj _K‡jb! c¶vš—‡i †mwU D×vi Kivi Rb¨
Rb¨ AvmwQjvg wKš‘ AgyK e¨w³Øq SMov Kivq Avgvi Avj−vni bex Abygv‡bi Dci wfwË K‡i 3wU ZvwiK e‡j
wbKU †_‡K †mB Awn DwV‡q jIqv n‡q‡Q Ges cybivq w`‡jb! A_P †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i †h, Ôbex Abygvb K‡i
wdwi‡q †`qv nq wb|Õ G K_v ï‡b QvnvexMY AbyZß n‡jb| †Kvb K_v e‡jb bv|Õ ZeyI †Kviv‡bi wei“‡× †evLvix‡`i
ZvB ivQyj (mv) ej‡jb, Ô‡mB Gj&g wdwi‡q †`qv nqwb Dci Cgvb G‡b AvR cÖvq †`o nvRvi eQi hver wewjqY
mZ¨ wKš‘ (K`‡ii wbw`©ó ZvwiL) GB ïf iZœ I eiKZ wewjqY †gvQjgvb AKv¬š— cwikªg K‡i Pj‡Qb, wKš‘ AvRI
n‡Z eZ©gv‡b ewÂZ n‡Z n‡jI AvMvgx‡Z mZK© n‡q Pj‡j Zv D×vi Kiv m¤¢e nqwb! ejvevûj¨ †h, mvM‡i GKwU myP
Avj−vni ingZ cÖvß n‡q DbœwZi I DשMwZi Dcvq I c_ co‡j ev `k nvRvi ermi c~‡e©i GKwU wbw`©ó NUbvi w`b
120

ZvwiK D×vi Kiv m¤¢e| K‡ib bv| w`b †bB ivZ †bB, †h †Kvb mgq Ges hv‡K
G‡Z m‡›`n nq ‡h, Avj−vn Av‡iv AwaK e¨vRvi nb wK bv| B”Qv Zv‡KB wZwb ¶gv K‡ib ev K‡ib bv|
KviY w`bwU D×vi Kivi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i †Póv PwiZ, `vex- GmKj Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y kwiq‡Zi Kw_Z k‡e eivZ
`vIqv¸wj Avj−vni wm×v‡š—i wei“‡×B ‡Zv e‡U! Avi I k‡e K`‡ii †KvbB Aw¯—Z¡ Av‡Q e‡j cÖgvb Kivi
fwel¨‡Z nq‡Zv ev hw` KLbI †dir w`‡Z m¤§Z nb, Z‡e ¶gZv Kv‡iv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
Zv †Kvb bexi gva¨g Qvov ‡dir w`‡eb wKfv‡e! wKš‘ †m ‡Kivb AviI e‡j †h, Avj−vn-ivQyj wg_¨~K bb; c¶vš—
c_ I gZ& kwiqZ wPiZ‡i eÜ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| ÔGB ‡kl ‡i kwiqZ e‡j, Ônu¨v Zv mZ¨ e‡U! wKš‘ Bgvg
bex, bex Avi Avm‡eb bvÕ †k−MvbwU wek¦ e¨vcx cÖPvi I †evLvixMYI wg_y¨K bb|Õ
cÖwZôv Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Qb| Avi ZvB wb‡Riv Ôbv‡q‡e *
bexÕ A_©vr bexi †m‡µUvix †LZve aviY K‡i‡Qb| Z`yvcwi
Zv‡`i m‡›`n I fq Kv‡Uwb e‡jB ÔLZ‡g beyqvZÕ KwgwU 47 k‡e †gÕivR
K‡i Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o Zz‡j‡Qb| bex Avmvi m‡½ m‡½
A¯^xKvi Ki‡ev, Zxeª cªwZev` Ki‡ev, `iKvi g‡Z nZ¨v cvikx kã ÔkeÕ Gi A_©: ivÎ ev AÜKvi; Aviex kã
Ki‡ev| AZx‡Zi BwZnvm †_‡K ‡m wk¶v Avgv‡`i RvbvB Ô†gÕivRÕ Gi A_©: Dשv‡ivnY,gB, wmuwo| A_©vr mvaviY
A‡_©: AÜKv‡i ev iv‡Z Dשv‡ivnY; AmvaviY A‡_©:
Av‡Q| AÜKvi, ee©i hy‡M [AvBqv‡g Rvwnwjqv] Áv‡bi Pig
‡h KwíZ Qvnvev `yÕR‡bi SMovi Kvi‡Y AvR wek¦ DrKl©|
gymwjg mgvR gnviZœ †_‡K wPi ewÂZ, jvwÂZ! †m Qvnvev †gÕivR m¤^‡Ü hZ weeiY cvIqv hvq Zvi 0.01% kZvsk
`yÕR‡bi bvg wK! wVKvbv wK! wK wb‡q SMov K‡iwQ‡jb! †Kviv‡b Ges evwK 99.09% kZvsk nvw`‡mi gva¨‡g| G
esk wQjwQjvq eZ©gv‡b Kviv †eu‡P Av‡Qb! G mKj Z_¨vw` m¤^‡Ü we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbvi c~‡e© wbæewY©Z †Kviv‡bi
msMÖ‡n kwiq‡Zi bxie fywgKv ev Awbnv inm¨RbK e‡U! AvqvZ¸wj cvV‡Ki Aek¨ Aek¨B mKj mg‡qi Rb¨ ¯§iY
c¶vš—‡i Zmwjgv bvmwib †Kv_vq _v‡Kb, †Kv_vq Nygvb, ivLv evÂbxq:
Zvi KZ Rb cyi“l-bvix eÜz evÜex Av‡Qb †m me Z_¨ K. jv- BDKvj−xdzj−vû--eyQAvnv| [2:evKviv-286] A_©:
Zviv gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B e‡j w`‡Z cv‡ib| Avwg Kvnv‡KI Zvi mva¨vZxZ `vwqZ¡ Ac©Y Kwi bv|
L. jv-byKvwj−dz--Bj−v-eyQAvnv| [6:AvbAvg-152;
Gev‡i cybt j¶bxq †Kviv‡bi †Nvlbv: 7:Avivd-42] A_©: Avj−vn mvg‡_©i evwn‡i Kv‡iv
gv-bvbQvL wgb-- K¡w`i ( 2: evKviv-106)| A_©: Dci `vwqZ¡ †`b bv|
Avwg †Kvb AvqvZ iwnZ Ki‡j ev fywj‡q w`‡j, Z` M. dv-jvb ZvwR¡`v--Zvnwejv| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-77;
A‡c¶v DËg ev Zvi mgZzj¨ AvqvZ cÖ`vb Kwi--| 35:dvwZi-43] A_©: Zzwg Avj−vni Qybœv‡Z [weav‡b]
‡Kvivb AviI e‡j †h, Ômy I Kz `yÕ†Uv ¶gZv Ges KLbI †Kvb i`-e`j cv‡e bv Ges Avj−vni Qybœv‡Z
cÖ‡qv‡Mi ¯^vwabZv w`‡qB gvbyl‡K m„wó Kiv nq; ¯^ ¯^ [weav‡b] KLbI †Kvb e¨wZµgI cv‡e bv|
Kg© Abyhvqx Dnvi dj cÖvß nq, †h wb‡Ri fvM¨ wb‡R N. Bbœv j−vnv--gxqv`| [3: Ggivb-9] A_©: Avj−vn KLbI
cwieZ©‡bi †Póv K‡i bv,Avj−vnI Zvi fvM¨ cwieZ©b A½xKvi f½ K‡ib bv|
O. A gv Kvbv--nvwKg| [42:ïiv-51] A_©: †`navix
121

gvby‡li Ggb †Kvb ¶gZv †bB †h, Avj−vn Zvi m‡½ Kwijvg| Avgvi mvjv‡gi DËi `v‡b wZwb Avgv‡K
mivmwi mv¶vr ev K_v ej‡eb --| Òmy‡hvM¨ cyÎ I my‡hvM¨ bexÕ AvL¨vwqZ Kwi‡jb Ges †Lvk
AvbvQ (ivt) gv‡jK Be‡b mvÕmvAvÕn (ivt) nB‡Z eY©bv Avg‡`` RvbvB‡jb|
Kwiqv‡Qb, bex Qvj−vj−vû AvjvBwnAmvj−vg‡K †hB iv‡Î AZci wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv wØZxq Avmgv‡bi Øv‡i
Avj−vnZvAvjv cwiåg‡Y wbqv wMqvwQ‡jb †mB iv‡Îi NUbv †cŠwQ‡jb Ges `iRv Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| GLv‡bI c~‡e©i
eY©bvq QvnvexM‡Yi m¤§y‡L wZwb ewjqv‡Qb: b¨vq K‡_vcK_b nBj Ges ï‡f”Qv †gveviKev` RvbvBqv
hLb Avwg KvÕev M„‡ni Db¥y³ Ask nvZx‡g (DcbxZ nBjvg `iRv †Lvjv nBj| wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv Z_vq BqvnBqv
Ges ZLbI Avwg fv½v Ny‡g fvivµvš—) Dשg~Lx kvwqZ (Avt) I Cmv (Avt)-Gi mv¶vZ cvBjvg Zuvnv‡`i Df‡qi
wQjvg, nVvr GK AvMš‘K (wReªvCj †d‡ikZv) Avgvi wbKU bvbx ci¯úi fMœx wQ‡jb| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnv‡`i
Avwm‡jb (Ges Avgv‡K wbKUeZ©x Rg&Rg& K~‡ci mwbœK‡U cwiPq `v‡b mvjvg Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb, Avwg Zuvnvw`M‡K
wbqv Avwm‡jb)| AZci Avgvi e‡¶i Dשmxgv nB‡Z mvjvg Kwijvg| Zuvnviv Avgvi mvjv‡gi DËi cÖ`v‡b
†c‡Ui wbæ mxgv ch©š— wPwiqv †dwj‡jb Ges Avgvi ü`q Òmy‡hvM¨ bexÓ ewjqv Avgv‡K †Lvk Avg‡`` RvbvB‡jb|
ev w`jUv evwni Kwi‡jb| AZci GKwU ¯^Y©cvÎ Dcw¯’Z AZci wReªvCj (Avt) Avgv‡K jBqv Z…Zxq Avmgv‡bi
Kiv nBj, hvnv Cgvb (cwicK¡ mwZ¨Kvi Ávbea©K) e¯‘‡Z Øv‡i †cŠwQ‡jb Ges `iRv Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| Z_vqI c~‡e©i
cwic~Y© wQj| Avgvi †`jUv‡K (Rg&R‡gi cvwb‡Z) †aŠZ b¨vq K‡_vcK_‡bi ci ï‡f”Qv-¯^vMZ RvbvBqv `iRv
Kwiqv Zvnvi wfZ‡i H e¯‘ fwiqv †`Iqv nBj Ges †Lvjv nBj| wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv BDmyd (Avt)-Gi
†`jUv‡K wba©vwiZ ¯’v‡b ivwLqv Avgvi e¶‡K wVKVvK mv¶vZ cvBjvg| wReªvCj (Avt) Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq
Kwiqv †`Iqv nBj (eÜbxi welq¸wj 455-406 c„ôvi KivBqv mvjvg Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb; Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg
nvw`‡Q D‡j−L Av‡Q)| Kwijvg| wZwb mvjv‡gi DËi `vb KiZt Avgv‡K Òmy‡hvM¨
AZci Avgvi Rb¨ L”Pi nB‡Z GKUz †QvU, Mvav nB‡Z åvZv I my‡hvM¨ bexÓ ewjqv †gveviKev` RvbvB‡jb|
GKUz eo †k¦Z e‡Y©i GKwU evnb Dcw¯’Z Kiv nBj Zvnvi AZci Avgv‡K jBqv wReªvCj PZz_© Avmgv‡bi wbK‡U
bvg Ò‡evivKÓ, hvnvi cÖwZ c`‡¶c `„wói †kl mxgvq| †cŠwQ‡jb Ges ‡MU Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| †mLv‡bI c~‡e©i
†mB evn‡bi Dci Avgv‡K mIqvi Kiv nBj| b¨vq cÖ‡kœvˇii ci ï‡f”Qv ¯^vMZ RvbvBqv `iRv †Lvjv
NUbv cÖev‡ni wfZi w`qv wReªvCj (Avt) Avgv‡K jBqv nBj| wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv Avgiv Z_vq B`ªxm (Avt)-Gi
wbKUeZ©x Z_v cÖ_g Avmgv‡bi Øv‡i †cŠwQ‡jb Ges `iRv mv¶vZ cvBjvg| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq KivBqv
Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| wfZi nB‡Z cwiPq wRÁvmv Kiv nBj, mvjvg Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Kwijvg|
wReªvCj ¯^xq cwiPq cÖ`vb Kwi‡jb| AZci wRÁvmv Kiv wZwb mvjv‡gi DËi w`‡jb Ges my‡hvM¨ åvZv I my‡hvM¨
nBj, Avcbvi m‡½ †K Av‡Qb? wReªvCj ewj‡jb, gynv¤§` bex ewjqv Avgv‡K gvinvev RvbvB‡jb|
(mt) Av‡Qb| ejv nBj, (Zuvnv‡K wbqv Avwmevi Rb¨B Z AZci wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv cÂg Avmgv‡b †cŠwQ‡jb
Avcbv‡K) Zuvnvi wbKU cvVvb nBqvwQj? wReªvCj Ges †MU Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| GB ¯’v‡bI c~‡e©i bvq cÖ‡kœvËi
ewj‡jb, nuv| Zvici Avgv‡`i cÖwZ †gveviKev` RvbvBqv Pjvi ci ï‡yf”Qv I †gveiKev` `v‡bi mwnZ `iRv †Lvjv
`iRv †Lvjv nBj| †M‡Ui wfZ‡i cÖ‡ek Kwiqv Z_vq nBj| Avwg wfZ‡i †cŠwQqv nvi“b (Avt)-Gi mv¶Z
Av`g (Avt)-‡K †`wL‡Z cvBjvg| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cvBjvg| wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq `v‡b mvjvg
cwiPq KivBqv ewj‡jb, wZwb Avcbvi Avw` wcZv Av`g Kwi‡Z ewj‡jb| Avwg mvjvg Kwijvg| wZwb Avgvi
(Avt), Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Ki“b| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg mvjv‡gi DËi w`‡jb Ges my‡hvM¨ åvZv I my‡hvM¨ bex
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ewjqv Avgv‡K †Lvk Avg‡`` RvbvB‡jb| b`x †`wL‡Z cvBjvg-`yBwU wfZ‡ii w`‡K cÖevwnZ Ges
Zvici wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv lô Avmgv‡bi †M‡U `yBwU evwn‡ii w`‡K| b`x¸wj m¤ú‡K© Avwg wReªvCj‡K
†cŠxQ‡jb Ges †MU Lywj‡Z ewj‡jb| G¯’v‡bI cwiPq wRÁvmv Kwijvg| wZwb ewj‡jb, wfZ‡ii `yBwU †e‡nk‡Z
wRÁvmv Kiv nB‡j wReªvCj ¯^xq cwiPq `vb Kwi‡jb, cÖevngvb (mvj&mvexj I KvImvi bvgK) `yBwU b`x| Avi
AZci Zuvnvi m‡½ †K Av‡Q wRÁvmv Kiv nBj| wZwb evwn‡ii w`‡K cÖevngvb `yBwU nBj (f~ c„‡ôi wgm‡i
ewj‡jb, gynv¤§` (mt) ejv nBj, Zuvnv‡K Z wbqv Avwmevi cÖevwnZ) bxj I (Biv‡K cÖevwnZ) †dvivZ (b`x ev Zvnv‡`i
Rb¨ Avcbv‡K cvVvb nBqvwQj? wReªvCj ewj‡jb, nuv! bv‡gi g~j Drm)|
Zr¶YvZ ï‡f”Qv I †gveviKev` RvbvBqv `iRv †Lvjv Zvici Avgv‡K ÒevqZzj gvÕgyiÕ cwi`k©b Kivb nBj|
nBj| Z_vq cÖ‡ek Kwiqv g~mv (Avt)-Gi mv¶vZ cvBjvg| Z_vq cÖwZw`b (Gev`‡Zi Rb¨) mËi nvRvi †d‡ikZv
wReªvCj Avgv‡K Zuvnvi cwiPq ÁvZ Kwiqv mvjvg Kwi‡Z Dcw¯’Z nBqv _v‡Kb (†h `j GKw`b my‡hvM cvq †mB `j
ewj‡jb| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Kwijvg| wZwb mvjv‡gi wPiKv‡ji Rb¨ wØZxq w`b my‡qvM cÖvß nq bv)|
DËi cÖ`vb Kwi‡jb| Ges my‡hvM¨ åvZv I my‡hvM¨ bex AZci (Avgvi m„wóMZ ¯^fv‡ei ¯^”QZv I wbg©jZv cÖKvk
ewjqv Avgv‡K †gveviKev` RvbvB‡jb| Kwiqv †`LvBevi D‡Ï‡k¨ cix¶vi Rb¨) Avgvi m¤§y‡L
hLb Avwg GB GjvKv Z¨vM Kwiqv hvB‡Z jvwMjvg ZLb wZbwU cvÎ Dcw¯’Z Kiv nBj-GKwU‡Z wQj myiv ev g`,
g~mv (Avt) Kuvw`‡ZwQ‡jb| Zuvnv‡K Kuvw`evi KviY wRÁvmv AciwU‡Z wQj `y» Avi GKwU‡Z wQj gay| Avwg `y‡»i
Kiv nB‡j wZwb ewj‡jb, Avwg Kuvw`‡ZwQ GB Kv‡‡Y †h, cvÎwU MÖnY Kwijvg| wReªvCj ewj‡jb, `y» mZ¨ I LuvwU
Avgvi D¤§‡Z †e‡nkZ jvfKvixi msL¨v GB bexi D¤§‡Zi ¯^fvMZ ag© Bmjv‡gi ¯^iƒc; (myZivs Avcwb `y‡»i cvÎ
†e‡nkZ jvfKvixi msL¨v A‡c¶v Kg nB‡e, A_P wZwb MÖnY Kwiqv BnvB cÖgvY Kwiqv‡Qb †h) Avcwb mZ¨ I
eq‡mi w`K w`qv hyeK Ges `ywbqv‡Z †cÖwiZ nBqv‡Qb ¯^fveMZ ag© Bmj‡‡gi Dci cÖwZwôZ Av‡Qb Ges Avcbvi
Avgvi c‡i| Dwmjvq Avcbvi D¤§ZI Zvnvi Dci _vwe‡e|
Zvici wReªvCj Avgv‡K jBqv mßg Avmgv‡bi cÖwZ Zvici Avgvi kixq‡Z cÖ‡Z¨K w`b cÂvk Iqv³ bvgvh
Av‡ivnY Kwi‡jb Ges Zuvnvi Øv‡i †cŠwQqv †MU Lywj‡Z dih nIqvi weavb Kiv nBj| Avwg wdwievi c‡_ g~mv
ewj‡jb| G¯’v‡bI c~‡e©i b¨vq mKj cÖ‡kœvËiB nBj Ges (Avt)-Gi wbKUeZ©x c_ AwZµg KivKv‡j wZwb Avgv‡K
`iRv Lywjqv ï‡f”Qv I ¯^vMZ Rvbvb nBj| Avwg wfZ‡i wRÁvmv Kwi‡jb, we‡kl Av‡`k wK jvf Kwiqv‡Qb? Avwg
cÖ‡ek Kwijvg| Z_vq Beªvnxg (Avt)-Gi mv¶vZ jvf ewjjvg, cÂvk Iqv³ bvgvh| g~mv (Avt) ewj‡jb,
nBj| wReªvCj Avgv‡K ewj‡jb, wZwb Avcbvi (es‡ki Avcbvi D¤§Z cÖwZw`b cÂvk Iqv³ bvgvh Av`vq Kwiqv
Avw`) wcZv, Zuvnv‡K mvjvg Ki“b| Avwg Zuvnv‡K mvjvg hvB‡Z m¶g nB‡e bv| Avwg mvaviY gvby‡li ¯^fve m¤ú‡K©
Kwijvg| wZwb Avgvi mvjv‡gi DËi w`‡jb Ges my‡MvM¨ A‡bK AwfÁZv jvf KwiqvwQ; Ges eYx BmªvCjMY‡K
cyÎ, my‡hvM¨ bex ewjqv gvinvev I †gveviKev` we‡klfv‡e cix¶v KwiqvwQ; myZivs Avcwb
RvbvB‡jb| ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i Avcbvi D¤§‡Zi Rb¨ GB
AZci Avwg wm`ivZzj †gvb&Zvnvi wbKU DcbxZ nBjvg| Av‡`k AviI mnR Kivi Av‡e`b Ki“b|
(Zvnv GK eo cÖKvÛ Kyj e„¶ we‡kl) Zvnvi GK GKUv Kzj nhiZ (mt) e‡jb, Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii Lvm `iev‡i
ÒnRiÓ A‡j ˆZqvix (eo eo) gUKvi b¨¨q Ges Zvnvi wdwiqv †Mjvg| ciIqvi‡`Mvi (`yBevi hvIqv‡Z cuvP cuvP
cvZv nvZxi Kv‡bi b¨vq| wReªvCj Avgv‡K ewj‡jb, GB Kwiqv) `k Iqv³ Kg Kwiqv w`‡jb| AZci Avwg Avevi
e„¶wUi bvg Òwm`vZzj †gvb&ZvnvÓ| Z_vq PvwiwU cÖevngvb g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQjvg, wZwb c~‡e©i b¨vq civgk©B Avgv‡K
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w`‡jb| Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv †Mjvg gnvbex‡K KvíwbK mvw¶ K‡i nvw`m¸wj iPbv K‡i‡Qb|
GBeviI (Hiƒ‡c) `k Iqv³ Kg Kwiqv w`‡jb| cybivq A_P Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †gÕiv‡Ri mgq, ¯’vb-Kvj, Ae¯’vb
g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQ‡j wZwb Avgv‡K GeviI †mB civgk©B BZ¨vw` wb‡q †Nvi gZ‡f`| kwiq‡Zi g‡Z H gZ‡f`¸wj
w`‡jb| Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv †Mjvg bvwK mvaviY I ¯^vfvweK! †hgb: Kv‡iv g‡Z wnRi‡Zi 12
Ges (c~‡e©i b¨vq) `k Iqv³ Kg Kwiqv w`‡jb| GBeviI gvm c~‡e©, Kv‡iv g‡Z 16 gvm, 17 gvm, 18 gvm; Avevi
g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQ‡j ci wZwb Avgv‡K c~‡e©i b¨vq civgk© Kv‡iv g‡Z byeyqv‡Zi 12 ermi c‡i! [A_©vr wKbv gw`bvq!
w`‡jb| Avwg ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv †Mjvg, [wnhi‡Zi mb gZvš—‡i 10/13 ermi]|
GBevi Avgvi Rb¨ cÖvwZw`b cuvP Iqv³ wbw`©ó Kwiqv ZvwiL m¤^‡Ü Kv‡iv g‡Z 17B iweDj-AvDqvj, 17B
†`Iqv nBj| GBeviI g~mvi wbKU †cŠwQ‡j ci Avgv‡K igRvb, 27 kv iRe; Avevi Kv‡iv g‡Z 27 kv igRvb|
wZwb wRÁvm Kwi‡jb, wK Av‡`k jvf Kwiqv‡Qb? Avwg Kv‡iv g‡Z wewe D‡¤§nvwbi Ni †_‡K Kv‡iv g‡Z Avqkvi
ewjjvg, cÖwZw`b cuvP Iqv³ bvgv‡hi Av‡`k cÖ`vb Kiv Ni †_‡K; Kv‡iv g‡Z ¯^-kix‡i Kv‡iv g‡Z ¯^‡cœ n‡qwQj;
nBqv‡Q| gnvbex AZx‡Zi mKj bex-ivQyj‡`i RvgvZe× bvgv‡Ri
g~mv (Avt) ewj‡jb. Avcbvi D¤§Z cÖwZw`b cuvP Iqv³ BgvgwZ K‡iwQ‡jb: Kv‡iv g‡Z gmwR`yj AvKmvq, Kv‡iv
bvgv‡hiI cve›`x Kwi‡Z cvwi‡e bv| Avwg Avcbvi c~‡e©B g‡Z Avmgv‡b; Kv‡iv g‡Z iIqvbv nIqvi c~‡e© Kv‡iv g‡Z
mvaviY gvby‡li ¯^fve m¤ú‡K© AwfÁZv jvf KwiqvwQ Ges wd‡i G‡m, Kv‡iv g‡Z 1 evi Kv‡iv g‡Z 2evi; †KD
ebx BmªvCjMY‡K A‡bK cix·v KwiqvwQ| Avcwb Avevi e‡jb gnvbex Avj−vn‡K mv¶vr †`‡L‡Qb, gZvš—‡i †`‡Lb
ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i wdwiqv AviI Kg Kivi wb BZ¨vw`| ejvevûj¨ mKj nvw`mB AmsL¨ Qvnvev‡`i
Av‡e`b Rvbvb| bvg‡i mvw¶ †i‡L iwPZ n‡q‡Q| AZGe, kwiq‡Zi
nhiZ (mt) e‡jb, Avwg g~mv‡K ewjjvg, cwifvlvq meB mZ¨-gnv mZ¨ Ges wbfy©j! AMZ¨v Gi
ciIqvi‡`Mv‡ii `iev‡i A‡bK evi Avmv-hvIqv GKwUI A¯^xKvi Kivi mKj c_ I gZ& kwiq‡Zi
KwiqvwQ; GLb Avevi hvB‡Z j¾v‡eva nq, Avi hvBe bv cwifvlvq i“×! hw`I GKB e¨w³i c‡¶ wbw`©ó NUbvi
eis cuvP Iqv‡³i DciB mš‘ó iwnjvg Ges Zvnv eiY wewfbœ ZvwiL, mgq¶Y I ¯’vb mZ¨ e‡j ¯^xKvi K‡i †bqv
Kwiqv wbjvg| nhiZ (mt) e‡jb, AZci hLb Avwg Avi GKB e¨w³i GKB mgq mvg‡b wc‡Q nvUvi gZB
wdwievi c‡_ AMÖmi nBjvg ZLb Avj−vn ZvAvjvi Zid cv_©K¨!
nB‡Z GKwU †NvlYv Rvwi Kiv nBj-(ev›`v‡`i cÖvc¨ kwiq‡Zi g‡Z †gÕivR A_© Dשv‡ivnY| A_©vr c„w_ex †_‡K
mIqv‡ei w`K w`qv)ÒAvgvi wba©vwiZ msL¨v (cÂvk) evKx AvKv‡ki w`‡K Av‡ivnb| wK‡m P‡o ågY, †Kv_v †_‡K
ivwLjvg, (Avgvi c‡¶ Avgvi evK¨ AcwiewZ©ZB _vwK‡e| †Kv_vq; †Kvb †Kvb Nv‡U weiwZ; Avj−vni `iev‡i ivQyj‡K
417 I 455 c„ôvi nvw`Q `ªóe¨) Aek¨ Kg©‡¶‡Î ev›`v‡`i bv¯—v-cvwb, `ya-g`, Av`i-Avc¨vqb BZ¨vw` mKj welq
c‡¶ mnR I Kg Kwiqv w`jvg| (A_©vr Kg©‡¶‡Î cuvP we¯—vwiZ weeiY i‡q‡Q nvw`‡m|
Iqv³ ewnj, wKš‘ mIqv‡ei w`K w`qv cuvPB cÂvk weÁvb g‡Z c„w_exUv P›`ª-m~h© I MÖn-b¶‡Îi gZB
cwiMwYZ nB‡e|) cÖwZwU †bK Avg‡j `k ¸Y mIqve `vb DשvKv‡k A_©vr ïb¨vKv‡k| c„w_ex †_‡K gvbyl ;gv_v DwP‡q
Kwie| [`ª: †evLvix 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:351-354] P›`ª-m~h©, AvKvk †hfv‡e `k©b K‡i; P›`ª ev Ab¨ †Kvb MÖn
msw¶ß mgv‡jvPbv †_‡KI Abyiƒc gv_v DuwP‡q DשvKv‡ki w`‡K ZvwK‡qB
†gÕivR m¤^‡Ü †Qnv‡QËvi cÖ‡Z¨KwU MÖ‡š’ AviI †ek wKQy c„w_ex‡K †`L‡Z nq| A_©vr c„w_ex †_‡K i‡K‡U P‡o
nvw`m Av‡Q| mK‡jB wPivPwiZ cÖ_vbymv‡i Qvnvev I DשvKv‡k Qy‡U †hgb Pvu‡` †cŠQ‡Z nq Z`ªƒc Pvu` †_‡K
124

AweKj DשvKv‡k Qy‡UB c„w_ex‡Z wd‡i Avm‡Z nq; P›`ª, c„: 127; cÖKvkK: Bmjvgx mgvR ms¯‹vi ms¯’v, Kzwôqv;
m~h©, MÖn, b¶Î †hgb ïb¨vKv‡k, c„w_exI †Zgb ïb¨vKv‡k; †jLK: †gv: dvi“L †Kv‡ikx]Õ
A_©vr ïb¨vKvk ev AvKvk-cvZv‡ji †Kvb Dci bxP& †bB| GK`v gnvbex‡K Avj−vni ‡mB evwo‡Z `vIqvZ K‡iwQ‡jb
†Kvb MÖn Dc‡i ev bx‡P G Aevš—i cÖkœ e‡U| G‡Z hv‡`i (‡gÕivR)| Avj−vn `ya, gay I g` Øviv gnvbex‡K Av`i
m‡›`n nq, Zviv ¯^-¯^ mš—vb‡`i Kv‡Q †mŠi gvbwPÎ mvg‡b †mvnvM K‡iwQ‡jb--|
†i‡L ev¯—‡ei gZB welqwU ¯^-P‡¶ GwKb Ki‡Z cv‡ib| ÔAvj−vn AvKv‡k _v‡KbÕ K_vUvi A_© `uvovq: Avj−vn mmxg,
DËi †gi“i MÖxbj¨vÛ, myB‡Wb ev KvbvWv, Av‡gwiKvi gvwU m„ó †Kvb e¨w³Z¡, e¯‘, c`v_© ev M¨vm RvZxq Ggb wKQy;
Ly‡o `w¶Y †gi“ †f` K‡i A‡óªwjqv, mvD_ Avwd«Kv ev whwb c„w_ex‡Z _v‡Kb bv| Avi AvKvk Amxg, hvi †Kvb
G›UviwUKv gnv‡`‡ki AvKv‡k DuwK w`‡j †`Lv hv‡e GK wbw©`©ó ev mxwgZ ¯’v‡b Avj−vni emZ evwo! c¶vš—‡i,
Avgv‡`iB P›`ª, m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î I GKB AvKvk| Ggb Avj−vn wK! †Kv_vq evm K‡ib! Zvi cÖK…wZ wK! Zvi mKj
D`vniYwU cÖK…Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i Rb¨ bq| cwiPq wZwb †Kviv‡b cwi¯‹vifv‡e e‡j w`‡q‡Qb, hv
Aviex ÔQvgvÕ A_© AvKvk, AvKvk A_© ïb¨, ïb¨ A_© A`„k¨| c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡h‡Q|
ÔAvØ©Õ A_© e¯‘, e¯‘ A_© `„k¨, `„k¨ A_© P›`ª, m~h©, MÖn- g‚jZt †gÕivR A_© ÔDשv‡ivnYÕ, m‡›`n †bB; wKš‘ Zv e¨w³
b¶Îmn hvB `„wó †MvPwif‚Z I Avwe®‹…Z ZvB AvØ©; GgbwK ev e¯‘i Dשv‡ivnY bq| eis Ávb, ¸Y I ¶gZvi
AvR‡Ki cigvYyI AvØ©| ÔQvgvIqv‡Z Aj AvØ©Õ, A_©: `„k¨- Dשv‡ivnY| GKRb QvÎ Dשv‡ivnY Ki‡Z Ki‡Z †hgb
A`„k¨ ev Rvbv -ARvbv| wk¶K, Aa¨vcK, Aa¨¶ nq; GKRb †Kivbx †hgb
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm †h, Avj−vn bvgK Rxe, ev e¨w³Z¡wU [?] g¨v‡bRvi, WvB‡i±i †Rbv‡ij g¨v‡bRvi nq; e¨vO †hgb
c„w_ex‡Z evm K‡ib bv; mßg Avmgv‡bi D‡×© ‡Q`ªvZzj jvjv-gvwbK cÖvß nq; g„Mx K¯‘ix cÖvß nq; Z`ª“c Avw`ZZ¡
†gvš—vnvq gUKxi gZ eiB evMv‡bi cv‡k/D‡×© wfwËK Z_v Ava¨vwÍK Z_v mªóv-m„wó Áv‡b gyQj−x,
(†Q`ªvZzb=eiB, †gvš—vnv=evMvb) Zvi Avik/evmv-evwo| †gvm‡jg, gwgb, †gvËvK¡xb, cxi, †evRM© `i‡ek, ivQyj-
erm‡i 1 evi 1g gZvš—‡i 2q ev 4_© Avmgv‡b 4 †d‡i¯—vi bexZ¡ cÖvß ev †R¨vwZ‡`n cÖvß/†cÖiYv cÖvß nIqvi bvgB
Kv‡a P‡o åg‡b G‡m PxrKvi K‡i †gvmjgvb‡`i †Qvqve †gÕivR| bex nIqvi cÖavb I P‚ovš— kZ©B †gÕivR| mKj
†dix K‡ib| bexi Rb¨B Zv eva¨Zvg~jK| nhiZ Beªvwng, g~Qv I CQvi
gZvš—‡i Avj−vni Avik/evmv evox: †gÕiv‡Ri Bw½Z wbæ Avqv‡Z cvIqv hvq: nhiZ
nvw`mwU Ab¨ †Kv_vI ewY©Z Av‡Q| ÔnhiZ AveŸvm Be‡b Beªvnx‡gi [`ª: 6:AvbAvg-75] nhiZ gyQvi [`ª. 7:Avivd-
Avãyj gyZvwje (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z:--ivQyj e‡jb †h, GK 143,144] nhiZ Cmvi Rb¥ j‡MœB [`ª: 3:Ggivb-59]|
Avmgvb †_‡K Avi GK Avmgv‡bi `~iZ¡ 71, 72 ev 73 bex-ivQyj nIqvi A_©B †h †Kvbfv‡eB †nvK †gÕivR cÖvß
erm‡ii `yiZ¡| Gfv‡e mßg Avmgvb ch©š— ¸Y‡jb; Zvi (c~Y© ÁvbcÖvß) e¨w³|
ci ej‡jb, mßg Avmgv‡bi Dci i‡q‡Q GKwU mgy`ª, cÖm½µ‡g evowZ Av‡jvPbv:
Dnvi MfxiZv 2 Avmgv‡bi `~i‡Z¡i mgvb; AZtci †mB Ò- nhiZ Beªvwng (Av) gK¡vq wbe©vwmZ Z`xq cyÎ BmgvCj
mgy‡`ªi Dc‡i Av‡Q 8wU weivUKvq cvVv (QvMj) Ges (Av)-‡K `k©b Kivi D‡Ï‡k¨ †h K‡qKevi mdi
Zv‡`i cv‡qi Lyi I †Kvg‡ii gvSLv‡bi e¨eavb `yB K‡iwQ‡jb †mB mgqI ÔeyivKÕ e¨eüZ n‡qwQj|
Avmgv‡bi ga¨ewZ© `~i‡Z¡i mgvb| AZtci Dnv‡`i wc‡Vi Zx_©hvÎx‡`i †Ri“hv‡j‡gi Avm-mvLivt gmwR‡` GKwU
Dci i‡q‡Q Avik--| [`ª: wZiwgwR, Avey `vD`; nvw`m A™¢yZ A_P PgrKvi my›`i cÖ¯—i †`Lvb nq Ges Dnv
bs-5481; Z_¨myÎ: Ôci¯úi we‡ivax gZ‡f`c~Y© nvw`m; eyiv‡Ki wRb e‡j D‡j−L Kiv nq| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx
125

wek¦‡Kvl, 2q L. c„:70]Ó Aa¨vq, c„:192] BZ¨vw` D™¢U, KvíwbK iPbv m¤¢v‡ii


Dwj−wLZ †eviv‡Ki wRbwU K‡e, KLb, wKfv‡e Ges †Kb m‡½ †Kviv‡bi wZj cwigvYI Bw½Z, Bkviv †bB|
ILv‡b cwiZ¨v³ n‡jv? evwK Ask¸wj †Kv_vq wQj/Av‡Q? gmwR`yj nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvKmv ch©š— welqwU
ivQy‡ji †evivKwU H wRb QvovB PjwQj wK bv? BZ¨vw` Avj−vn Awn K‡i ej‡Z cvi‡jb Avi †mLvb †_‡K 7g
mvaviY cÖkœ¸wj cvV‡Ki g‡b D`q nIqv ¯^vfvweK e‡U! Avmgvb I Z‡`v‡a©i `~‡f©`¨ welq¸‡jv Awn Ki‡Z cvi‡jb
DËi †`qvi gZ we‡k¦ Ggb †KD Av‡Qb e‡j g‡b nq bv| bv; A_P †mUvB wQj AZ¨waK ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| Avj−vni H e¨_©Zvi
Gev‡i †gÕivR m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi AvqvZwU j¶Yxq: my‡hv‡M mvjgvb iƒkw`MY, Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji Aeg~j¨vq‡bi
Qyenvbv j−vRx--evwQi| [17:ewb-BmªvBj-1] A_©: cweÎ I gnv my‡hvM K‡i wb‡jb!
gwnggq wZwb whwb Zuvi ev›`v‡K iRbx‡hv‡M ågY Kwi‡q Dwj−wLZ †e‡n‡¯—i weeiY¸wj †h‡Kvb cvVK co‡jB
wQ‡jb gmwR`yj nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvKmvq, hvi eyS‡Z cvi‡eb †h H¸‡jvi iPwqZvMY Avgvi ‡P‡qI AwaK
cwi‡ek K‡iwQjvg eiKZgq, Zv‡K Avgvi wb`k©b MÛg~L© bv n‡jI Avjer †bkvMÖ¯’ wQ‡jb| ‡bkv RvwZq wKQy
†`LvBevi Rb¨-| †L‡q hviv †bkv K‡ib Zv‡`i †bkv mvgwqK; Avi I¸wj bv
fveev`x Abyev`: †L‡qB hv‡`i †bkv nq Zv †ewkifvMB wPi¯’vqx|
wb¶zZ ZË¡ÁvbB ÔDcvm¨Õ, [Avj−vn]; †mB AÜKvi, ee©i, Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ¸wj ¯§iY †i‡L †gÕivR m¤^Üxq
AÁvbZvi hy‡M [iRbx†hv‡M] Zvi ev›`v‡K b~iv‡jv‡K nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K wbæ ewY©Z welq¸wj M‡elYvi `vex
[we`y¨Z/†evivK] Avcb ¯^Ë¡vi [mªóv-m„wói inm¨] cÖZ¨¶ iv‡L:
cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ [wb`k©b †`Lvevi Rb¨] `~i-wbKU [gmwR`yj 1. gnvbex [mv] c~Y© †Kvivb nhiZ wReªx‡ji gvidZ cÖvß
nvivg †_‡K gmwR`yj AvK&mv; AvK&mv A_©B `~iewZ©] me n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ †gÕiv‡R Avj−vni m‡½ mivmwi
wKQyB eZ©gvb [eiKZgq] K‡i w`‡q wQ‡jb| mv¶vr,K_v-evZ©v, 9 evi †dir cvwV‡q 5 Iqv³ K‡i
mgMÖ †Kviv‡b †gÕivR m¤^‡Ü GLv‡bB ïi“,GLv‡bB †kl| †gvU 45 Iqv³ Kwg‡q A_©vr Avj−vn e‡jb, Ò5 Iqv³,
AZtci gmwR`yj AvK&mv †_‡K gnvbexi `ya, g`, cvwb, GwUB 50 Iqv³, Avgvi K_vi cwieZ©b nq bvÓ; G
kier BZ¨vw` Avc¨vqY; bex‡`i mse× bvgv‡Ri BgvgwZ; AvqvZwU wReªxjwenxb mivmwi Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji
AZtci 1g Avmgvb †_‡K 7g Avmgvb, †Q`ivZzj †gvš— ci¯úi cÖZ¨¶ mv¶vZ Awn| G AwnwU gnv bexi
vnv, bex‡`i mv¶vZ, 50 Iqv³ bvgvR, nhiZ gyQv KZ©„K 9 Rxe‡bi mKj Awn A_©vr 30 cviv †Kviv‡bi D‡a©
evi †dir cvwV‡q 9x5= 45 Iqv³ bvgvR gvd; gyQvi †kªôZg I cweÎZg Awn nIqv m‡Z¡I Zv †Kviv‡b bv
KvbœvKvwU, Av`‡gi euv‡q ZvwK‡q KvbœvKvwU, Wv‡b ZvwK‡q †jLvi KviY wK?
nvmv-nvwm; †e‡n‡¯—i weeiY: †mLv‡b gy³vi gvjv, i‡O 2. Dwj−wLZ AwnwU GK `yB evi bq; eis 9 evi i`-e`j
XvKv, gvwU K¯‘ix! [†e‡n‡¯—i Zv¾e weeiY e‡U!] Kivi c‡iI Avj−vni †NvlYv: ÒAvgvi K_vi i`-e`j
†`vhLevmx‡`i AvZ© PxrKvi, i‡³i b`x; bxj b` I nq bv, 5 Iqv³B 50 Iqv³|Ó wK K‡i i`-e`j n‡jv
†dvivZ b`xi Drm †e‡n¯— †_‡K! [`ª: †evLvix, 5g LÛ, bv! G cÖkœ‡evaK wPýwU c„w_ex †_‡K 7g Avmgvb ch©š—
AvwRRyj nK; c„;353] †evivK: †`L‡Z †Nvov bq,Mvav bq, `xN© e‡U!
L”Pi bq, †jRwU gqy‡ii, gv_vwU jvm¨gqx bvixi| †Q`ªvZzj 3. bexMY Avj−vni Av‡`‡ki wZj cwigvY ms‡hvRb,
†gvš—vnvq A_©vr Avj−vni evox cv‡k©/bx‡P eiB MvQ! gUwKi ms‡KvPb; A¯^xKvi ev cÖwZev` K‡ib bv ev K‡ib wb;
gZ eiB! K¯‘ixi gZ gvwU, `y‡ai gZ cvwb! [`ª:Dc‡iv³ Ki‡j Zv‡`i Nv‡oi wkiv †K‡U †dj‡Zb e‡j
nvw`m I msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 2q LÛ; ÔwgÕivRÕ †Kviv‡b †NvwlZ Av‡Q [`ª: 69:nvK¡v: 44,45,46]|
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c¶vš—‡i nvw`m g‡Z gnvbex 9 evi cÖwZev`/Aby‡iva nvw`‡m wjwLZ nq wb! ZvQvov †Kvb& evn‡b P‡o wZwb
K‡i 5 Iqv‡³ G‡b‡Qb ZeyI Zuvi Nv‡oi wkiv KvUv 9 evi Avmv-hvIqv Ges c„w_ex‡Z †dir G‡mwQ‡jb!
nq wb! †m m¤^‡ÜI †Kvb nvw`m iPbv Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb|
4. cuvP Iqv³ bvgv‡Ri †NvlYv †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI †bB| 7. cÖKvk _v‡K †h, gnvbex †gÕiv‡R hvIqvi c~‡e©B wZwb
hv Av‡Q Zv Giƒc: mKvj-mܨv, m~h© †n‡j †M‡j, I QvnvevMY wbqwgZ bvgvR Ki‡Zb, GgbwK c~‡e©i
iv‡Zi wKQyUv AÜKvi n‡j, w`‡bi `yB cÖv‡š—, m~h© mKj bex-ivQyj I Zuv‡`i D¤§ZMY wbqwgZ/AwbqwgZ
D`‡qi c~‡e©, A¯— hvIqvi c‡i, iv‡Zi `yB cÖv‡š—, bvgvR Kv‡qg Ki‡Zb, †Kviv‡b Zvi fzwi fzwi cÖgvY
Mfxi iv‡Z BZ¨vw`| [`ª: 11:û`-114; 17:ewb- Ges Ab¨ a‡g©I Zvi †ekx-Kg mvw¶-cÖgvb Av‡Q|
BmªvBj-78,79; 50:Kvd-39,40; 76:`vni- 8. †Kviv‡bi 114wU myivi g‡a¨ 86wU myivB gK¡vq
25,26]| gymwjg we‡k¦i `j Dc-`‡ji Av‡jg- AeZxY© n‡q‡Q, hvi AwaKvsk myiv‡ZB bvgv‡Ri K_v
Avj−vgvMY H mgq-Kvj¸wj wnmve K‡i †KD 3 D‡j−L Av‡Q| ïay ZvBB bq: Bmjvwg HwZnvwmK I
Iqv³, †KD 5 Iqv³ Avevi †KD 6 Iqv³ (†e‡Zi) nvw`mwe`‡`i g‡Z: Iqv³ msµvš— AvqvZ¸wji
GgbwK †KD 7 Iqv³I (Zvnv¾y`) wba©viY K‡i‡Qb| AwaKvskB †gÕiv‡Ri c~‡e© A_©vr byeyqv‡Zi 3 †_‡K 8
Avgv‡`i m~bœx Dc-`j 6 Iqv³B ¯^xKvi K‡ib| wKš‘ erm‡ii g‡a¨ AeZxY© n‡q‡Q| [`ª: Aviex- BsivRx
ûhyi‡`i ivwÎ RvMi‡Yi f‡q †e‡Zi 6ô Iqv³ Gkvi †Kvivb; gynv¤§` Gg. wcK_j]|
m‡½ hy³ K‡i‡Qb| myZivs ‡gÕiv‡R 5 Iqv³ bvgvR 9. i³-gvs‡mi ¯’yj †`navix gvby‡li c‡¶ Avj−vn `k©b
AvbvqY †LvjvLywj cÖkœ we×| Aev¯—e Kíbv gvÎ| [`ª: Dc‡i ewY©Z O bs aviv]|
5. nvw`m g‡Z nhiZ †gvn¤§` [mv] †kªô bex, Ggb wK nvw`‡m ewY©Z †gÕiv‡Ri Zvrch©, welqe¯‘ I djvdj 5
bex‡`i bex| Avj−vn-ivQyj †Kviv‡b Zv ¯^xKviI Iqv³ bvgvR hv Abvqv‡mB mvaviY Anx Kiv m¤¢e wQj!
K‡ib wb, mg_©bI K‡ib wb; eis Zxeª cÖwZev` †gÕivR c~e© myiv¸wj‡Z Avjer Awn KivI Av‡Q| Avi
K‡i‡Qb GB e‡j †h, Ôbex-ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ Kv‡iv †gvm‡jg‡`i wk¶vi g‡a¨ Dwj−wLZ †e‡n‡¯— `k©Yxq
m‡½ Kv‡iv cv_©K¨ KwiI bv; hviv cv_©K¨ K‡i Zviv weeiY¸wj nvm¨Ki|
c_åó, Kv‡diÕ [4: wbQv: 150,151,152]| c¶vš— Av‡gwiKv åg‡Yi ci †`‡k wd‡i ‡`kwUi weeiY w`‡Z
‡i H GKB nvw`‡m nhiZ gyQv [Av] nhiZ gyn¤§`‡K wM‡q hw` †KD e‡j †h, †m_vi gvwU jvj, wZb Zjv iv¯—v,
[mv] GK `yB evi bq eis 9 evi Zvi D¤§‡Zi Rb¨ evwo-Mvwo, iv¯—v-NvU me mv`v isG XvKv [ei‡d]; †mvbv,
A`~i`k©x I A‡hvM¨ cÖgvY K‡i‡Qb| GLv‡bB †kl bq! iƒcvi _vjv-evmb BZ¨vw`| Z‡e Zvi Ávb-eyw× I Zvi
cÖvi‡¤¢ Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi Av‡jv‡K ¯^qs Avj−vn‡KB wk¶vMZ †hvM¨Zv I `~ii`wk©Zv m¤^‡Ü cvVK-†kªvZvMY
Awe‡ePK I KvÛ-Ávbnxb, Qybœv‡Zi i`-e`j, wbwðZ n‡Z cv‡i; wbwðZ n‡Z cv‡i kwiq‡Zi Rb¥`vZv
GgbwK Iqv`v f½Kvix e‡jB mve¨¯— K‡i‡Qb!! `wjq Bgvg‡`i ag©xq `k©Y Ávb m¤^‡Ü|
6. Ô†evivKÕ bvgK †mB A™¢‚Z Kz`iZx evnbwU gmwR`yj nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K GKB welqe¯‘ msewjZ M` euvav GKB
AvKmvi cv‡k †Kvb cv_‡ii m‡½ iwk w`‡q †eu‡a iPbv m¤¢vi wbw`©ó gImy‡g †PŠÏ kZ ermi hver KZ
†i‡LwQ‡jb! nvw`m e‡j A`¨ewa †mLv‡b bvwK `vM †KvwUevi †h cÎ-cwÎKvq, wewfbœ eB-cy¯—‡K Qvcv n‡q‡Q
Av‡Q!! wKš‘ 7g Avmgv‡b, wQ`ªvZzj †gvš—vnvq †mwU‡K Ges n‡e Zvi wnmve †bB| wKš‘ kwiq‡Zi wZj cwigvY
wK‡mi m‡½ †eu‡a †i‡LwQ‡jb Zvi †Kvb nvw`m iwPZ Áv‡bvbœZx n‡q‡Q e‡j †Kvb cÖgvY †bB| GKwU gvÎ
nq wb| id i‡di AvKvi-AvK…wZiI †Kvb eY©bv †gvmjgv‡bi †gÕivR n‡q‡Q e‡j †Kvb BwZnvm, †bB|
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c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡m ewY©Z ÔAv”QvjvZz †gÕivRyj †gv‡gbxbÕ †R¨vwZ‡`n avwiZ gvbe| wZwb †hLv‡b wQ‡jb, wVK
A_©: bvgvR †gvgxb‡`i †gÕivR; nvw`mwUi Av‡jv‡K †mLv‡bB `„k¨I wQ‡jb, A`„k¨ wQ‡jb| Rxe †hgb Rxeb‡K
kwiqwZMY AvÍ we‡k−l‡Y wb‡Ri cwiPq ‡c‡Z cv‡ib! †`L‡Z cvq bv, †`L‡Z cvq Zvi †`nwU gvÎ; wKš‘ †gvnv¤§`
gywg‡bi bvgvRB hw` †gÕivR nq Z‡e ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e (mv) Rxeb‡K Avjv`v K‡i ¯’yj †`nwU‡K ‡R¨vwZ †`‡ni
†h †gÕivR bex‡`i Rxe‡bi AwZ Zz”Q welqUv wek¦gq g‡a¨ XyKv‡Z m¶g n‡qwQ‡jb|
bexi †kªô †gv‡RRv e‡j cÖPvi cÖwZôv cvIqvi wcQ‡b ïb¨vKv‡k wZwb Mvav A‡c¶v eo, L”Pi A‡c¶v †QvU mv`v
inm¨ wK! Avi H cÖPviYvi djB ev wK n‡q‡Q! cï, gZvš—‡i: †NvUKxi Abyiƒc, †jRwU gqyi cy”Qm`„k,
†gÕivR mZ¨, gnvbexi Aek¨B †gÕivR n†q‡Q| wKš‘ bex gv_vwU bvixi [`ª: wU. Wwe−D Avi‡bvj&W Gi †cBw›Us Bb
esk ci¤úivq Avgv‡`i c~e© cyi“l Ljxdv GwR`- Bmjvg (A·‡dvW©,1928), cy:117-122 Ges 53-56
gviIqvb‡`i nv‡Z wbg~©j nIqvi gZB bexi gnvg~j¨evb Qwei †c−U PZzóq; Z_¨myÎ: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl,2q
†gÕiv‡Ri `k©bvw` wejxb n‡q‡Q| †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq bex L.), KwíZ H A™¢~Z cïwUi wc‡V P‡o D‡o †eovb wb|
wK mvab-fRb K‡i byeyqvZx †c‡jb! †m mKj gnvg~j¨evb kwiq‡Zi GB AccÖPvi gnvbex‡K Kjw¼Z K‡i‡Q,
gš¿ I ZË¡-m~Î AvR Avi Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB| bvgv‡R hvi Bmjvg‡K eis †nq cÖwZcbœ K‡i‡Q|
AninB †gÕivR nq, Avj−vn Wv‡K hvi ü`q mvov †`q wZwb †h ev¯—weKB cïi wc‡V Ny‡i †eovbwb Zv Zv‡`i
GKgvÎ †mB gygxbB Gi mZ¨vmZ¨ Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡ib| nvw`‡QB aiv c‡o| Kw_Z nq †h, LyYx L~Y K‡i, aiv covi
†evivK A_© we`y¨Z, we`y¨‡Zi we`y¨Z; Mvav-L”Pi ev f‡q hvewZq AvjvgZ bó K‡i hvq; wKš‘ Kg© †`v‡l g‡bi
†NvUKx-gqyix bq| GB we`y¨Z kw³‡Z bexi †gÕivR nq| Aj‡¶¨ Ggb †Kvb bv †Kvb AvjvgZ †i‡LB hvq, hvi myÎ
gvby‡li Kvj¦ ev ü`q GKwU AvbweK Pzwj−, gnv we`y¨ZvMvi; a‡i cÖK…Z LyYx‡K ai‡Z m¶g nq|
†h we`y¨‡Zi ci‡kB A¨vUgmn we‡k¦i mKj Avwe¯‹vi Abyiƒc NUbv ï‡b Avey‡h‡njMY gnvbex‡K P¨v‡jÄ K‡i
n‡”Q| mªóv m„‡ói †cÖiYv msN‡l©, A_©vr QvjvZ I GKwbó e‡jwQj †h, mwZ¨B hw` wZwb `xN© 2 gv‡mi c_ 1 iv‡Zi
M‡elYv, mvabvi gva¨‡g ü`‡q we`y¨Z ev b~i mÂvwiZ I g~û‡Z©B evqZzj †gvKvÏvQ wM‡q Avevi wd‡i G‡m _v‡Kb
cÖmvwiZ n‡Z _v‡K| ag©-Kg© K‡i hvi hZUzKz b~‡ii mÂvi Z‡e Dnvi `iRv KqwU BZ¨vw` e‡j w`‡Z| ZLb bvwK
n‡q‡Q Zvi ZZUzKz Avj−vn‡eva AbyfyZ n‡q‡Q, A_©vr ivQyj weåv‡U c‡o hvb! AZtci Avj−vni †g‡nievbx‡Z
†Qvqve n‡q‡Q| GB b~i mÂvi n‡Z n‡Z hLb mg¯— †`n evqZzj †gvZvÏvQ gmwR`wU bexi m¤§y‡L nvwRi nq! Zrci
we`y¨Zvqb nq ZLb Zvi AvwgZ¡ mË¡v, †`n I Rxeb Avjv`v wZwb Dnv †`‡L †`‡L hvewZq cÖ‡kœi mwVK DËi e‡j †`b|
K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡i| ZLb `„k¨ †_‡K A`„k¨ n‡Z cv‡i, [`ª: †evLvix 5g L. AvwR. nK, c„:358]
G‡i`v ev B”Qv Kiv gvÎB g~û‡Z©i g‡a¨B GKB m‡½ nvw`QwU gnvbexi †gÕiv‡Ri hvewZq eqvb G¶‡Y
GKvwaK ¯’v‡b cÖKvk n‡Z cv‡i, AZxZ, f~Z-fwel¨Z‡K m‡›`nRbK K‡i Zz‡j‡Q, KviY evqZzj †gvKvÏvQ
eZ©gvb K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡i | Gi bvgB ‰PZb¨ ev iveŸvbx gmwR`wUiI †gÕivR n‡qwQj e‡j mv¶¨ w`‡”Q| myZivs
(Avj−vngq) nIqv [`ª: 3: Bgivb-79]| Avi ZLbB `„k¨- GLv‡bB wbi‡c¶ Ávbx‡`i bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`Lvi ch©vß
A`„k¨, `~i-wbKU, AZxZ-fwel¨r meB GKvKvi ev eZ©gvb AvjvgZ wbwnZ Av‡Q|
nq| Ggb Ae¯’v gvby‡li c‡¶ ev ¯’yj †`‡n mKj mgq a‡i Avj−vn Wv‡K hvi ü`q mvov bv †`q †m RxweZ _vK‡ZB
ivLv m¤¢e bq; †hgb m¤¢e bq ¯^cœ ¶YwU a‡i ivLv| giv [`ª: †Kvivb]| myZivs Rxeb `k©b bv nIqv ch©š— ïay
nhiZ gyn¤§` [mv] GB Ae¯’vq DcbxZ n‡qwQ‡jb Ges Gi †gŠwLK wek¦vm h_v_© bq|
bvgB †gÕivR| GRb¨B Zuv‡K Ôb~i gyn¤§`Õ ejv nq; A_©vr cÖKvk _v‡K †h, KwZcq Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY wbæ ewY©Z myiv
128

bRg I myiv ZKex‡ii `yÕwU AvqvZ DÌvcY K‡i †gÕiv‡Ri kãwUi cÖ_g wZbwU cÖPwjZ BmjvwgK cwifvlvi A_©
mZ¨v-mZ¨ cÖgv‡Y wØZxq av‡cI e¨_© †Póv K‡i‡Qb: gyjZt †h A_©B bq Zv e¨vL¨v wb®cÖ‡qvRb| Bnvi mij
K. Avj−vgvû--gv-AvDnv-[53: bRg-5-10] A_©: A_© nIqv DwPr: w`K, wbkvbv, m¤§yL, †ivL&, †K›`ª BZ¨vw`;
Zv‡K wk¶v `vb K‡i kw³kvjx, cÖÁvm¤úbœ, †m (Bnv) Av‡iv eû iK‡gi mijv_© n‡Z cv‡i| Avi gg©v_©: j¶¨,
wbR AvK…wZ‡Z w¯’i n‡qwQj, ZLb †m Dשw`M‡š—, D‡Ïk¨, Mš—e¨, i¾y, g‡bvwb‡ek ev mvabvi †K›`ª¯’j ev
AZtci †m Zvi wbKUeZ©x n‡jv, AwZ wbKUeZ©x, we›`y|
d‡j, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ `yB aby‡Ki e¨eavb _vK‡jv A_ev gvby‡li j¶¨ ev †K›`ª Zvi mªóvi w`‡K cÖZ¨veZ©b,
DnviI Kg| ZLb Avj−vn Zuvi ev›`vi cÖwZ hv Inx mªóv‡Z jxb nIqv| mªóvB gvby‡li GKgvÎ wKe&jv| mªóv
Kievi Zv Inx Ki‡jb| me©e¨vcx, wKš‘ Zvi myPbv ev †K›`ªwe›`y ¯^-¯^ ü`q; Avcb
L. A jv K¡v` iv AvÕû wej DdzK¡xj gyweb| [81: ZvKexi- ü`q †_‡KB gvby‡li Kg©vKg©, ag©vag©, wek¦vm, Ávb-weÁvb,
23] A_©: †m Zv‡K ¯úó w`M‡š— †`‡L‡Q| mªóv Dcjwã ev cÖwßi myPbv nq| A Avjvgy Avbœvj−vnv--
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ؇qi m‡½ ewY©Z 17:1 Avqv‡Zi †KvbB Zznkvi“b| [8:Avbdvj-24] A_©: Ges †R‡b ivL †h, Avj−vn
m¤úK© †bB; Da©vKv‡k åg‡Yi †Kvb Bw½Z-BkvivI †bB| gvbyl I Zvi Aš—‡ii Aš—¯’‡j _v‡Kb Ges Zv‡ZB †Zvgiv
Avj−vni mv‡_ cÖZ¨¶ mv¶v‡ZiI †Kvb j¶Y †bB eis wg‡k hv‡e ev A`„k¨ n‡e| A_©vr AvZ¥v †`n †Q‡o Rxe‡b
Da©vKvk †_‡K gnvbexi Kv‡Q wKQy Avmvi Bw½Z Av‡Q| ev AvZ¥v‡ZB cybt †dir hv‡e, A_©vr ¯’yj †`nwU g„Zz¨ MÖnY
gnvbex Da©vKv‡k ZvwK‡q Avcb †Pnviv [¯^-†R¨vwZ†`n] K‡i m~² †`n aviY Ki‡e AZtci †R¨vwZ †`n| AZGe
†`‡LwQ‡jb, Zv ax‡i ax‡i Zvi wbKUeZ©x nq Ges wKQy gvby‡li wKe&jv GKgvÎ ¯^-¯^ ü`q| †m Rb¨B †Kvivb e‡j:
K‡_vcK_b nq| Zzwg †hLv‡bB _vKbv †Kb, †hLvb †_‡KB †ei nI bv †Kb
eiB evMv‡bi cÖv‡š— [†Q`ªvZzj †gvbZvnv] GiKg Av‡iv [me©`vB] gmwR`yj nviv‡gi w`‡K gyL Ki‡e| A_©vr †h‡Kvb
GKevi †`‡LwQ‡jb| [ A_©vr eiB eûj †`‡k †Kvb GK Ae¯’v‡ZB ev me©¶Y gmwR`yj nviv‡gi w`‡K gyL Ki‡Z
†jvK Abyi“c †`‡LwQ‡jb|] A jvKvØ ivqvû-- RvbœvZzj ej‡Q| wKš‘ †Ke&jvi mijv‡_© Zv †Kvb cÖKv‡iB m¤¢eci
gvIqv| [53: bvRg-13,14] A_©: wbðqB Zv‡K Av‡iKevi bq| †h †Kvb ¯’vb ev Ni A_ev nvwRMY Kvev †_‡K †ei
†`‡LwQj; eiB evMv‡b (†Q`ªvZzj ‡gvbZvnv)| wK nIqvi mgq Kvevi w`‡K gyL K‡i †ei nIqv ev me©`v
†`‡LwQ‡jb! mKj Abyev`K I ZdQxiKviMY gš—e¨ Kvevi w`‡K g~L K‡i Pjv-‡div Aevš—e Ges nvm¨Ki|
K‡i‡Qb †h, wZwb wReªvBj †d‡i¯—v‡K †`‡LwQ‡jb| Ô†mR`vÕ †_‡K gmwR` A_© mgwc©Z ¯’vb,mvabvjq,
G¶‡Y gymwjg we‡k¦i cÖK…Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i DwPr Dcvmbvjq Avi nvivg A_© msiw¶Z; AZGe ¯^-¯^ Aš—‡i
Dwj−wLZ `k©b †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K ciL K‡i gymwjg Avj−vn msiw¶Z Avi hvi g‡a¨ [ü`q] wZwb msiw¶Z †mwUB
wek¦‡K hvewZq åvš— wek¦vm I Kíbv †_‡K D×vi Kiv| Dcvmbvjq| [†`Lyb: 24:b~i 35 bs AvqvZ Ôag© `k©bÕ
* Aa¨vq|] Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi eY©bv Abyhvqx Rxe ev gvby‡li
ü`qB Avj−vni Ni| Kvev Avj−vni Ni bq eis Kvev
48 wKe&jv Avj−vni cÖvPxY HwZnvwmK Dcvmbvjq| A_©vr Avj−vni N‡i
†XvKvi wbivc` wbtSÄvU I msiw¶Z GKwU ¯’yj ¯’vb n‡jv
ÔwKe&jvÕi AvwfavwbK A_©: wKe&jv, †h w`‡K gyL K‡i gmwR`, gw›`i, Mxh©v, Kvev BZ¨vw` bv‡g cwiwPZ|
bvgv‡h `vuvovq, Kvev kixd, g‡bvwb‡e‡ki †K›`ª¯’j| [`ª: gnvbexi byeyqvZ cÖvwßi gmwR` wQj †niv ce©‡Zi wbR©b,
AvaywbK Aviex-evsjv Awfavb; gvIjvbv gywnDwÏb Lvb|] bxie ¸nv|
129

mg wek¦vmx mgvRe× gvby‡li mse× ag©vbyôvb ev A_© `vb Ki‡j, mvjvZ cÖwZwôZ †i‡L cweÎ _vK‡j Ges
†h‡Kvb Abyôvb cvj‡b wbw`©ó wbqg k„sLjve×Zv cÖwZkÖ“wZ w`‡q Zv c~Y© Ki‡j, A_© msK‡U `ytL-†K¬‡k I
AZ¨vek¨Kxq e‡U| G Rb¨ GKwU me©m¤§Z ¯’vb I w`K msMÖvg-m¼‡U ˆah© aviY Ki‡j| BnvivB Zviv hviv
wbw`©ó _vKv `iKvi Ges †m w`KwU wQj gmwR`yj AvKmv| mZ¨civqY Ges BnvivB cÖK…Z f³ [gyËvKx]|
ZrKvjxb Bûw` I wLª÷vbMY AvKmvi w`‡K †ivL K‡i Avqv‡Z cwi¯‹vi †h bvgvR ev cvc-cyY¨ †Kvb w`K ev
cÖv_©bv Ki‡Zv| GgbwK ivQyjmn be¨ †gvm‡jgMYI cÖPwjZ wKejvi Dci wbf©i K‡i bv, eva¨evaKZvI †bB|
AvKmvi w`‡KB wKe&jv K‡i QvjvZ Ki‡Zb| Avj−vn AZGe †h †Kvb †jvK ev RvgvZ †h †Kvb mgq Ges †h
e‡jb, Ôc~e©-cwðg Avj−vni,Õ Ôc~e© wKsev cwðg †h w`‡KB †Kvb w`‡K wd‡i bvgvR Kivq †Kviv‡bi †Kvb evav †bB|
gyL †divI bv †Kb †m w`‡KB Avj−vnÕ(`ª: 2:evKviv- Ae¯’vi cwi‡cw¶‡Z ev †h †Kvb Ae¯’vq GKK ev `je×
115,177)| ZeyI nVvr K‡i wKejv Nywi‡q †`qvi cÖavb Qvjv‡Z me©m¤§wZµ‡g †h †Kvb w`‡K wd‡i bvgvR Kiv
KviY wQj be¨ f³‡`i [†gvm‡jg] ivQy‡ji Dci Cgvb ev †Kvivb ¯úó I myVvg wb‡`©k K‡i|
wek¦v‡mi cix¶v| †Kvivb †`Lyb: Agv RvAvjbvj bvgv‡R `uvwo‡q cÖavb I †kªóZg kc_| A_©: Aek¨
wKe&jvZv--AvwKevB‡n| [2:evKviv-243] A_©: Zzwg †h Aek¨B Avwg cwic~Y©fv‡e Zvi w`‡K gyL [wKe&jv] Kijvg
wKe&jvi AbymiY Ki‡Qv Dnv‡K GB D‡Ï‡k¨ cÖwZwôZ whwb `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i m„wó KZ©v; Avwg †cŠËwjK bB| A_©vr
K‡iwQ hv‡Z Rvb‡Z cvwi †K ivQy‡ji AbymiY K‡i Ges Avwg Aš—‡ii Aš—t¯’‡ji w`‡K `„p I cwic~Y©fv‡e AvZ¥¯’
†K wd‡i hvq? njvg| G gyû‡Z© Avgvi †`n gb-cÖv‡Yi wZj AskI
Avqv‡Z cwi¯‹vi †h wKejv cwieZ©‡bi GKgvÎ KviY msmv‡ii w`‡K bq, †e‡n¯—, †d‡i¯—v gmwR` ev Kvevi
ZrKvjxb be¨ †gvm‡jg‡`i ivQy‡ji Dci wek¦vm ¯’vc‡bi w`‡KI bq; ü`q Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb A‡½i w`‡K bq; A_©vr
AMœx cix¶v| KwVb Cgvb`vi Qvov Avw`Kv‡ji Abym„Z Avwg Avgvi j¶¨ ev wKejv `yÕgy‡Lv bq [†gvk‡iK]| GB
wKejv e`j Kiv be¨ †gvm‡jg‡`i c‡¶ GKwU k³ ce©Zmg Iqv`vi c‡iB wK K‡i ewj: hvi ms‡¶c A_©
cix¶vB wQj e‡U GgbwK `uvwo KvUvi †P‡qI KwVb `vovq ÔAvj−vn wKe&jv †Q‡o Kvev wKe&jv njvg A_ev
cix¶v| [ `ª: a‡g© `uvwo †cvkv‡Ki f‚wgKv †`Lyb] Avj−vni wKe&jvI Kijvg, Kvevi wKe&jvI Kijvg!
Avgiv DËivwaKvi my‡Î, Rb¥MZ my‡Î, RvwZMZ my‡Î Bgvg‡KI wKe&jv Kijvg! ¶vwYK c~‡e©B †Zv Iqv`v K‡iwQ
†gvmjgvb; wbKU AZx‡Z Avgiv Bûw`-wLª÷vb wQjvg bv; †h Avwg `yÕgy‡Lv [†k‡iKx] bB!
Avgv‡`i wKe&jv KLbI c~e©w`‡K ev gmwR`yj AvKmvi wKe&jv m¤^‡Ü Av‡jvPbvi cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ I welqe¯‘
w`‡K wQj bv| AZGe Avgiv H cix¶viI m¤§yLxb bB, Dc‡i ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| cÖPwjZ wKe&jv cwieZ©‡bi wZj
eva¨evaKZvI †bB; myZivs AvK&mvi w`‡K A_ev †h †Kvb cwigvYI a„óZv †bB| Avwg wb‡RI Kvev gyL Kwi| KviY
w`‡K wd‡i bvgvR Ki‡j cv‡ci Avi †Kvb fq ev mskq gyL hLb Av‡Q ZLb ¯^fveZtB GKw`‡K wd‡i _v‡KB Avi
†bB| KviY Avj−vnB †m wbðqZv w`‡jb: †h KviYB †nvK ev hvi Rb¨B †nvK †Kviv‡b hLb Kvevi
jvBQvj †eiªv--gyËvK¡yb| [2:evKviv-177] A_©: c~e© K_v D‡j−L Av‡Q ZLb †m w`‡KB gyL K‡i bvgvR Kiv
wKsev cwðg w`‡K †Zvgv‡`i gyL [wKe&jv] Ki‡Z †KvbB cyY¨ hyw³m½Z Ges cÖwZwôZ k„sL¨jv| wKš‘ ZvB e‡j GKB
†bB; wKš‘ cyY¨ Av‡Q †Kn Avj−vn, ciKvj, wdwikZvMY, bvgv‡R `yÕwU wbqZ hyw³ m½Z bq| Kvevi w`‡K wd‡i
mg¯— wKZve Ges mg¯— bexM‡Yi f³ n‡j [Cgvb Avb‡j] AvwQB Zv wbq‡Zi bv‡g cybt †NvlYvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv|
Ges Avj−vn †cÖ‡g [civ‡_© ] AvZ¥xq-¯^Rb, wcZ…nxb, Lvevi wbqZ Kijvg, Awd‡m hvIqvi wbqZ Kijvg
AfveMÖ¯—, ch©UK, mvnvh¨ cÖvw_©MY‡K Ges `vm gyw³i Rb¨ AZtci ïi“ Kiv nq bv| ÔweQwgj−vwni ingvwbi ivwngÕ
130

A_©vr civ‡_©B Rxeb-giY hveZxq KvR K‡g©i wbqZ Ges Kvev, gmwR`, evewo gmwR`, Kvkx, AvK&mvq Avkivdzj
wKe&jv n‡jv Avj−vn, ¯^-¯^ ü`q; GQvov Ab¨ wKQy Kíbv gLjyKv‡Zi g~j wKejv ÔAvj−vnÕ †_‡K Nywi‡q ivL‡Q hyM hyM
KivB †k‡iKx| a‡i| Avi ZvB nZ¨v, Lyb, aŸsm n‡”Q Avj−vn-fMev‡bi Ni
Kvev N‡i nvRx‡`i cÖ‡e‡ki AwaKvi eÜ Kiv n‡q‡Q gbyl¨ RvwZ| GB Roev` wbg©~j Kiv Av‡jg‡`iB `vwqZ¡
Zv †ewk w`‡bi K_v bq; c~‡e© Kvev N‡ii g‡a¨ nvwRMY e‡U|
hLb ev hw` bvgvR K‡ib, eZ©gv‡b Avi‡ei ev`kv eQ‡i ***
GKevi hLb Kvevq Xy‡Kb ZLb Ô Bjv wRnvwZj KvevwZm
kvwidv‡Z Avj−vû AvKeviÕ wbqZwU wK K‡ib ev Ki‡Z nq
wK! Avi Ki‡jB wK hyw³m½Z nq! Kvevq Xy‡K Kvevi
w`‡K †ivL K‡i wKfv‡e! AZGe ÔBjv wRnvwZj
KvevwZmkwidv‡ZÕ D”PviY A`yi`wk© I e¨w³-`j iwPZ
Ges Zv †Kvivb Amg_©wZZ|
cÖPwjZ kwiqZ Avw`Kvj †_‡K GB †Ke&jv wb‡q
gZwe‡iva I SMov weev` K‡i Avm‡Qb| c„w_exi †h
†hLv‡bB _vK, Kvevi w`‡K cvqLvbv-cÖmªve Kiv hv‡e bv,
_y_y †djv hv‡e bv, nuvwP †`qv hv‡e bv e‡j AmsL¨ nvw`m
iwPZ Av‡Q; cvkvcvwk Gi wecix‡Z ivQyj †Kejv †ivL ev
wcQb K‡i cvqLvbv-cÖmªve K‡i‡Qb e‡jI nvw`m iwPZ
Av‡Q hv Ab¨Î D‡j−L Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKejv B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq
Ab¨w`‡K ev wKwÂr †eKv †Zov n‡j GgbwK Av½yj †eKv-
†Zov n‡jI bvgvR nq bv e‡j kwiqZ d‡Zvqv †`b|
†mRb¨ K¤úvm ev my‡Zv w`‡qI wKe&jv wba©viY Ki‡Zb| [`ª:
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ c„: 317]
Avgv‡`i †kªô RvwZi Ávb-eyw×i Pig AatcZ‡bi
bwRi Avi KZ †jLv hvq! we‡`k-wefyB‡q Ges A‡Pbv
RvqMvq cÖvqm GB †Kejv wb‡q mskq-m‡›`n I evK-
weZÛv cwijw¶Z nq| hvbevn‡b gyQwj−‡`i †`Lv hvq †h,
bvgv‡R iZ Ae¯’vq hvbevnb †Nvivi m‡½ m‡½ Zv‡`i
†KejvI †Nviv‡Z _v‡K, hv wbZvš— †Q‡j gvbylx, Aevš—i,
GgbwK cÖK…Z bvgv‡Ri D‡Ïk¨ I j¶¨ cÛ K‡i †`q| †Mvj
c„w_ex‡Z evm K‡i †h w`‡KB g~L wdiv‡bv nq Ges †h
w`‡KB AbeiZ Pj‡Z _v‡K Zvi Mš—e¨ GKK we›`y‡ZB
†cuŠ‡Q †`q|
m~h© †Nvivi m‡½ m‡½ m~h©¨gyLx dz‡ji wKe&jv †hgb
†Nviv‡Z _v‡K wVK †Zgwb gvby‡li ˆZwi BU-cv_‡ii Ni
131
civ‡_© Ges †jv‡Kiv †Zvgvi wbKU bvix‡`i welq Rvb‡Z Pvq,
lô Aa¨vq ej! Avj−vn †Zvgvw`M‡K Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü e¨e¯’v w`‡q‡Qb|
GwZg bvix m¤^‡Ü hv‡`i cÖvc¨ †Zvgiv cÖ`vb Ki bv A_P
49 Pvi wewe ‰ea bq †Zvgiv Zv‡`i we‡q /†fvM Ki‡Qv/Ki‡Z PvI Ges Amnvq
wkï I GwZg‡`i cÖwZ †Zvgv‡`i b¨vh¨ wePvi m¤^‡Ü
cÖvq nvRvi eQ‡ii AwaKKvj †_‡K gymwjg we‡k¦ †KZv‡e hv wewae× n‡q‡Q, Zvi Dci Kv‡qg _vK| †h
†Kviv‡bi †h weavbwUi †`vnvB w`‡q GKvwaK wewe †fvM †Kvb mr KvR †Zvgiv K‡i _vK Avj−vn Zv Rv‡bb|
K‡i Avm‡Qb †m weavbwU cvVK‡`i m¤§vbv‡_© GLv‡bB Gmg¯— wewea Kvi‡Y be¨ †gvm‡jgMY mxgvnxb I Aeva
cÖ`Ë n‡jv: bvix †fv‡Mi my‡hvM cvq| d‡j mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK
ABb wLdZzg Avj−v-ZzKwQZz wdj BqvZv-gv dvbwKû Pig Ae¶‡qi AvksKvq GKwU KwVb k‡Z©i Aax‡b
gv-Z¡v-ev jvK¡zw¤§bvwbœQv-B gvøv-A-Qyjv-Qv, Ai“ev-Av, [mge¨envi] Dwj−wLZ H GwZg bvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 2, 3 ev
dvBb wLdZzg Avj−v-ZvÕ w`jy dvIqvwn`vZvb AvDgv- 4 Rb‡K we‡q Kivi AwaKvi w`‡q Zv‡`i ¯¿x-gh©v`v cÖ`vb
gvjvKvZ& AvBgvbyK¡zg; Rv-wjKv Av`bv-Avj−v-ZvÕDjy [4: Z_v mxgvnxb †hŠbvPvi myKwVbfv‡e wbqš¿Y Kiv nq|
wbQv-3]| weavbwU mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ Aek¨B b‡n| eis we‡kl Kvj,
A_©: †Zvgiv hw` AvksKv Ki †h, GwZg‡`i cÖwZ we‡kl Ae¯’vq GKgvÎ Amnvq, GwZg bvix‡`i AwaKvix
mywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e weevn Ki‡e bvix‡`i ga¨ cyi“l‡`i Rb¨ GKwU we‡kl weavb| hv G¶‡Y AgymwjgMYI
†_‡K hv‡K †Zvgv‡`i fvj jv‡M, `yB, wZb A_ev Pvi; GK ev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb †h, weavbwU gy‡jB D`vi, gnr I
Avi hw` AvksKv Ki †h, mywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e mvg¨ev`x| A_P AvqvZwUi Ac-e¨vL¨v K‡i Avw`Kvj
GKRb‡K A_ev †Zvgv‡`i AwaKvif‚³ GKRb `vmx‡K †_‡KB Agymwjg mgv‡R †Kvivb I gnvbex‡K Ak−xj
Bnv‡Z c¶cvwZZ¡ bv Kivi AwaKZi m¤¢vebv| weZ‡K© Rwo‡q †d‡j‡Qb; hw`I BD‡ivc, Av‡gwiKvbMY
ZrKvjxb †gvm‡jgMY Avj−vni bexi †bZ…‡Z¡ G‡Ki ci bvix †fv‡Mi welq cïi gZB D`vi wKš‘ GKgvÎ ivóª
GK hy× Rq KiwQ‡jb| G‡Z AmsL¨ bvix †gvm‡jg‡`i †bZvi †¶‡Î Amxg e¨wZµg|
nv‡Z e›`x nq| hv‡`i wcZvgvZv, ¯^vgx mK‡jB Pvi we‡q diR nq wKfv‡e!! eis Dnv ÔAvbdvjÕ;
†gvm‡jg‡`i nv‡Z wbnZ nq| Aciw`‡K AmsL¨ †gvm‡jg ÔbdjÕ k‡ãi eûePb| A_©vr AwZkq AwZwi³| Pvi wewe
bvixMYI Zv‡`i ¯^vgx Ges gvZv-wcZv nvivb| Dwj−wLZ AwZwi‡³i AwZwi³B‡Zv e‡U!! AZGe, gymjgvbMY Avevi
†Kviv‡bi fvlvq Giv mK‡jB GwZg| GKgvÎ GB mKj hw` KLbI †Kvb bexi †bZ…‡Z¡ hy× K‡i Amnvq bvix‡`i
GwZg‡`i e¨vcv‡iB ewY©Z Avqv‡Z we‡qi wb‡`©kbvgv| ew›`bx Ki‡Z m¶g nq! gymjgvb bvixMY hw` ¯^vgx I
ZrKvjxb hy‡×i wbqg ev ivR‰bwZK weavb †gvZv‡eK wcZvgvZv nvwi‡q GwZg nq; AZtci †h mKj ˆmb¨ I
hy× jã Ab¨vb¨ m¤ú‡`i gZB GwZg ev AwaK…Z GwZg‡`i mgvR KZ©v‡`i, hviv H GwZg‡`i jvjb-cvj‡bi AwaKvi
mnvq m¤ú`mn Zv‡`i wbivcËvi Rb¨ ˆmb¨ Ges mgv‡Ri cÖvß n‡eb †Kej gvÎ ZvivB cybivq 2, 3 ev 4 Rb K‡i
KZ©v e¨w³‡`i g‡a¨ e›Ub Kiv n‡Zv, †h‡nZz ZLb wewe MÖn‡Yi my‡hvM cv‡eb, Z‡e mge¨envi I c¶cvZnxb
KvivMv‡ii my e¨e¯’v wQj bv| G‡`i fiY-†cvlY, AvPi‡Yi KwVb k‡Z©| Ab¨_vq Ges mvaviYZ GKR‡bi
evm¯’vb, wbivcËvmn †hŠb †fv‡MiI AwaKvi wQj| wKš‘ †ewk bq, wKQy‡ZB bq|
¯¿xi gh©v`v †`qv n‡Zv bv| †`Lyb: Pvi wewe mµvš— AvqvZwU mgv‡Ri 99% kZvsk
ABqv¯—vdZzbvKv -- Avjxgv| [4:wbQv: 127]| A_©: †gvm‡jgMYB Rv‡bb bv| KviY, kwiqZ g‡bi fz‡jI
132

IqvR bwQn‡Z cÖKvk K‡ib bv| Avj−vni evYx hviv †Mvcb Abyev`wU‡Z gyjZt wK eySv‡Z Pv‡”Qb Zv †gv‡UB ¯úó
K‡ib Zvnv‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡bi ûwkqvwi AZxe j¶¨Yxq: bq| †gvUv A¶‡ii evK¨¸wj j¶¨bxq; †Kn Bnvi g~jv_©
1. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- ûgyj−v-Bbyb| [2:evKviv-159:] A_©: D×vi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb e‡j m‡›`nI Kiv hvq bv| KviY,
Avwg †h me mij evYx I c_ wb‡`©k AeZxY© K‡iwQ, ejv n‡q‡Q †h, mywePvi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j 2, 3, ev 4 Rb
gvby‡li Rb¨| †KZv‡e Dnv cwi¯‹vifv‡e e¨vL¨v Kivi K‡i we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡i| AZtci H GKB ÔbvÕ myPK kZ©
c‡iI hviv Dnv †Mvcb K‡i, Avj−vn Zv‡`i jvÕbZ w`‡q cybivq ejv n‡q‡Q †h, mywePvi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j
†`b Ges AwfkvcKvixMYI Awfkvc †`q| GKRb ev AwaKvif‚³ `vmx‡K-- | RwUj mgm¨v e‡jB
2. Bbœvj−vRxbv--AvRveyb Avjxg| [2:evKviv-174]| g‡b nq!
A_©: Avj−vn †h †KZve AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb, hviv Dnv AZtci AvqvZwUi g~j welqe¯‘ ÔGwZgMYÕ Ges
†Mvcb K‡i I wewbgq Zz”Q g~j¨ MÖnY K‡i, Zviv Zv‡`iB †fvM ev we‡q mµvš— welq; GLv‡b mvaviY ev
wb‡R‡`i †c‡U Av¸b Qvov Avi wKQyB f‡i bv| ¯^vaxbv bvix‡`i wZj cwigvYI fywgKv †bB| AZGe
wKqvg‡Zi w`b Avj−vn Zv‡`i mv‡_ K_vI ej‡eb bv GwZg‡`i cÖwZ mywePvi Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j ÔAb-GwZg ev
Ges cweÎI Ki‡eb bv| Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q gg©š‘` mvaviY †g‡q‡`i ga¨ †_‡K PviwU ch©š— ¯¿x MÖnY!Õ Gi
kvw¯—| Zvrch© Kv‡iviB †evaMg¨ n‡”Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| we‡k¦i
GB mnR, mij I D`vi weavbwU †Mvcb K‡i e¨w³ I †Kvb Av‡j‡gi †evaMg¨ nq wKbv ZvI Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB|
`‡ji †Kvivb wei“× d‡Zvqv Rvix K‡i cÖvq nvRvi AZGe cÖ_g kZ©wU hw` Ôn¨vÕ mP‚K aiv nq, Z‡e
eQ‡ii AwaKKvj hver cÖPwjZ kwiqZ: ¯^fveZtB †jvfvZzi cyi“l ÔmywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡eÕ GB
1. A‰eafv‡e GKvwaK bvix †fvM Ki‡Qb| ARynv‡Z ci ci 4 ¯¿x MÖnY AZtci ÔmywePvi Ki‡Z
2. ¯^vgxi cÖwZ ¯¿xi [1g ¯¿xi] b¨vh¨ AwaKvi c``wjZ cvi‡jv bvÕ GB ARynv‡Z AbeiZ we‡q I ZvjvK Ae¨vnZ
Ki‡Qb| †i‡LB GKvwaK bZzb bZzb ¯¿x mKj mgq envj †i‡L
3. †KvwU †KvwU bvixi [GKvwaK ¯¿x‡`i] mZxZ¡ niY mgv‡R Pig Ak−xj I AivRMZvi m„wó Ki‡e Ges AbeiZ
Ki‡Qb| K‡i Pj‡Q|
4. Z‡ZvwaK A‰ea mš—vb Rb¥ w`‡q Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b mgMÖ ZvQvov Avqv‡Z cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a GKwU ¯¿x msmv‡i envj
†gvm‡jg RvwZi i³ AcweÎ K‡i‡Qb| ivLvi Rb¨ 2q, 3q A_ev 4_© evi ch©š— we‡q Ki‡Z
5. A-gymwjg‡`i Kv‡Q †Kvivb Z_v gnvbex‡K Pigfv‡e cvi‡e A_ev AwZwi³ †gvU 4 Rb ¯¿x GKm‡½ envj
weZwK©Z I †nq cÖwZcbœ K‡i‡Qb| ivL‡Z cvi‡e Zvi †KvbUvB cwi¯‹vi ev ¯úó bv _vK‡jI
†Kviv‡b bvix †ek¨vi †hgb mg_©b †bB, cyi“l †ek¨v cÖ_gwU †h hyw³m½Z Zv AvqvZwUi cieZ©x As‡k mv¶¨
nIqviI †Kvb weavb †bB| †Kvivb bvix ev cyi“l Kv‡iviB enb K‡i; Z‡e c~‡e©B ejv n‡q‡Q †h, GB e¨wZµgag©x
c¶cvwZZ¡ K‡i bv, †Kvivb cÖvK…wZK I wbLuyZ mvg¨ev‡`i| weavbwU ZrKvjxb AwaK…Z ÔGwZg‡`iÕ †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨ wQj;
wfbœfv‡e AvqvZwU j¶¨Yxq: wKš‘ AvR Avi †m ÔGwZgÕ Gi Aw¯—Ë¡ †bB|
AvqvwU cybt ms‡¶‡c: GKwU cyi“‡li GKm‡½ Pvi ¯¿x MÖnY mykxj I f`ª
Ò†Zvgiv hw` AvksKv Ki †h, GwZg †g‡q‡`i cÖwZ mywePvi mgv‡R KLbIB MÖnYxq bq Ges AZx‡Zi †Kvb a‡g©B Zv
Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e weevn Ki‡e bvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K-- ¯^xKvi K‡i bv, †Kviv‡bi GKwU weavbI bZzb bq Ges
`yB, wZb A_ev Pvi; Avi hw` AvksKv Ki †h, mywePvi c¶cvwZZ¡ weavb Avj−vni n‡Z cv‡i bv|
Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Z‡e GKRb‡K--|Ó Dwj−wLZ wek` Av‡jvPbvi Av‡jv‡K AvqvZwUi gg©v_©
133

hw` Giƒc nq †h, Ò¯^-¯^ Aaxb¯’ GwZg‡`i i¶K wnmv‡e mge¨envi Ki‡Z †h cvi‡e bv eis Am¤¢e Aev¯—e Zv wbæ
Aeva †fvM wbwl×| Z‡e mywePvi Ki‡Z cvi‡j ev m¤¢e Avqv‡Z ¯’vqx wm×vš— w`‡q‡Q:
n‡j 2, 3 ev 4 Rb [A_©vr A¸YwZ, ¯^-¯^ †hvM¨Zv I ¶gZv Ajvb ZvQZvwZD-- ivwng| [4:wbQv-129] A_©: Ges
Abyhvqx] GwZg we‡q K‡i ¯¿xi gh©v`v w`‡q m¤§vb I †Zvgiv hZB †Póv Ki bv †Kb GKvwaK ¯¿x‡`i cÖwZ mgvb
AwaKv‡ii mgZv i¶v Ki; A&b¨_vq †h‡Kvb Ae¯’vq A_©vr e¨envi Ki‡Z KLbIB cvi‡e bv; myZivs †Zvgiv †Kvb
GwZg, `vmx mvaviYB †nvK GKR‡bi ‡ekx bq,Ó bqB bq| GKR‡bi w`‡K Suz‡K cwoI bv Ges Aci‡K Szjv‡bv
¯^vaxbv bvix‡`i cÖkœB GLv‡b Aevš—i I Aev¯—e| mvaviY Ae¯’vq †iL bv| hw` †Zvgiv wbRw`M‡K ms‡kvab Ki I
ev ¯^vaxbv bvixMY gv-evc Qvov Kv‡iv Aaxb bb †h, †Kn mveavb nI Z‡e Avj−vn ¶gvkxj `qvjy|
we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡jB 1g ev 4_© ¯¿x wnmv‡e ivwR n‡q ms‡¶‡c AvqvZwUi g~jv_© n‡jv mge¨envi G‡Kev‡iB
hv‡eb! Am¤¢e, AZGe GKvwaK ¯¿x AwaKvi K‡i hviv eZ©gvb
cÖavbZt †¶‡Î we‡kl Ges AKvU¨ KviY e¨ZxZ GKRb Av‡Qv! Zviv †Kvb GK ¯¿xi cÖwZ Suy‡K †_‡K Aci‡K Szwj‡q
cyi“l G‡Ki AwaK ¯¿x Kíbv KivI AcÖvK…wZK, AgvbweK bv †i‡L eis G¶‡Y, Awej‡¤^ gy³ K‡i `vI Ges A‰ea
‡nZz ¯^fveZB nvivg e‡U! †hŠY jvjmv mvgjvI Ges GKRb wb‡qB mš‘ó _vK| A_©vr
Avqv‡Z ÔGwZgÕ kãwU wb‡q †ek gZwe‡iva weØgvb| GK m‡½ GKvwaK ¯¿x MÖnY m‡e©vZfv‡e cwiZ¨vR¨, GKK
KwZcq Abyev`KMY Dnvi A_© K‡i‡Qb: Aid¨vb, gv- ¯¿x-B wk‡ivavh©|
evcnxY wkï wK‡kvi Avi G my‡hv‡M mvgv‡jvPKMY GKgvÎ †Kviv‡bi Dci kwiqZ ev †gŠjev` mš‘ó bq!
†Kvivb‡K m‡›`n I weZ‡K©i AvIZvq †d‡j w`‡q‡Qb †h, Ô‡Kvivb cwic~Y©Õ ¯^xKvi K‡iI `yÕb¤^ix MÖš’ Qvov Zv‡`i
Ô†Kvivb AgvbweK wkï we‡q ev †hŠY †fvM Aby‡gv`b wek¦vm Ac~Y© _v‡K; ‡mB nvw`‡mi Av‡jv‡K, kwiq‡Zi
K‡i|Õ Bnv LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ KwZcq Abyev`K I Zdwmiwe` wek¦vm g‡Z ¯^qs gnvbexI ¯^xq ¯¿x‡`i cÖwZ mge¨envi
e‡jb †h, ÔGwZg bq eis GwZg‡`i gvZv‡`i 2, 3, ev 4 Ki‡Z cv‡ib wb eis cÖKv‡k¨ c¶cvwZZ¡ K‡i‡Qb Ges G
Rb‡K we‡qi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q;Õ hw`I Dwj−wLZ Ô¯^vaxbv wb‡q ¯¿x‡`i g‡a¨ wnsmv we‡Øl `jv`wj †h n‡q‡Q Zv
bvixÕ evK¨wUi gZB ÔgvZv‡`iÕ †Kvb AvjvgZ AvqvZwUi kwiqZ GKev‡K¨ nvZ Zz‡jB mv¶x †`q, †`Lyb :
av‡i-Kv‡QI †bB; eis Amnvq weaev ev weevn‡hvM¨ Òwewe Avqkv (iv) †_‡K ewY©Z: wZwb e‡jb, ivQy‡ji
GwZg‡`i‡KB ¯úó K‡i ejv n‡q‡Q| [Dc‡i †`Lyb: 4: weweM‡Yi g‡a¨ `ÕywU `j wQj| GK `‡j wQ‡jb Avqkv,
127] g~jZt GLv‡b ÔGwZgÕ ej‡Z mnvq m¤^j nvwi‡q ‡h nvdmv, mwdqv I mvI`v (iv) Ges Aci `‡j wQ‡jb D‡¤§
mg¯— bvixMY AcÖZ¨vwkZfv‡e wb`vi“Y Amnvq n‡q B”Qvi mvjvgv I evwK weweMY| Avqkvi cÖwZ ivQy‡ji AwaK
wei“‡× A‡b¨i `vkx ev Aaxb¯’ n‡q Av‡Q; gš—e¨wUi c‡¶ gneŸ‡Zi welq mvnvweMY ÁvZ wQ‡jb, ZvB KvnviI wKQy
gvbweK Ávb-eyw× QvovI AvwfavwbK mg_©bI cvIqv hvq: nvw`qv †`qvi B”Qv n‡j †m cÖwZ¶vq _vK‡Zv †h w`b ivQyj
BqvZgyb, BqvZvgyb, BqvZxg, BqvZxgyb A_© h_vµ‡g: Avqkvi N‡i _vK‡Zb, †mw`b H nvw`qv cvVv‡Zb| D‡¤§
wbtm½ n‡q cov, Amnvq n‡q hvIqv, †QvU n‡q hvIqv, mvjvgvi `‡ji weweMY (Bnv Dcjwã K‡i wei³ n‡jb Ges
`ye©j n‡q cov, †`ix Kiv, wcZ…nxY, AwffveKnxY, g~j¨evb Zviv) mK‡jB ¯^xq `‡ji cÖavb D‡¤§ mvjvgv‡K ej‡jb,
gy³, ZzjbvnxY e¯‘| [`ª: Aviex-evsjv Awfavb; gv. ÔivQy‡ji m‡½ GB weiw³Ki welqwU wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Ki“Y
gywnDÏxb Lvb] Ges Zv‡K Aby‡iva Ki“b, wZwb †hb mKj‡K e‡j †`b †h,
GZ¶Y Ômge¨enviÕGi k‡Z© GwZg‡`i ga¨ ‡_‡K ivQyj‡K Kvnv‡iv nvw`qv †`qvi B”Qv n‡j wZwb †h‡Kvb
GKvwaK we‡qi K_v ejv n‡qwQj; wKš‘ cÖK…Zc‡¶ wewei N‡i _vKv Ae¯’vqB †hb †`qv nq|Õ
134

D‡¤§ mvjvgv welqwU nhi‡Zi wbKU †ck Ki‡jb| Avqkv wbK‡UB e‡mwQ‡jb| hqbe Hiƒc KiwQ‡jb Avi
nhiZ †Kvb DËi w`‡jb bv| `‡ji weweMY D‡¤§ mvjvgv‡K nhiZ Avqkvi cÖwZ ZvKvw”Q‡jb †h, wZwb DËi †`b wK-
e¨e¯’v MÖn‡Yi welq wRÁvmv Ki‡jb; wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg bv| AvqkvI ivQy‡ji cÖwZ ZvKvwQ‡jb †h, cÖZz¨Ë‡ii
e‡jwQjvg, wKš‘ nhiZ †Kvb DËi †`b wb|Õ Zviv AbygwZ †`b wK bv! AbygwZi Abyfe K‡i Avqkv Giƒc
ej‡jb, ÔAvcwb cybivq GB welq Av‡jvPbv Ki“b|Õ nhiZ cÖZz¨Ëi Ki‡jb †h, hqbe wbi“Ëi n‡q †M‡jb| ZLb bexi
hLb D‡¤§ mvjvgvi N‡i Avm‡jb ZLb wZwb cybivq H †Pnviv †gveviK Lywk‡Z Pg‡K DVj| wZwb Avqkv‡K evnŸv
welq †ck Ki‡jb| GeviI nhiZ †Kvb DËi †`b wb| w`‡q ej‡jb, Ônu¨v GB †Zv Avey eK‡ii †ewU!Õ [`ª:†evLvix,
`‡ji weweMY 3q evi Zv‡K ej‡jb| D‡¤§ mvjvgv GeviI 3q LÛ, AvwRRyj nK; c„: 11]
nhi‡Zi wbKU H welq Av‡jvPbv Ki‡jb| Gevi nhiZ [Avqkvi RevewU †Mvcb ivLvi inm¨ wK! ¯^vgx‡`i
ej‡jb, ÔAvqkvi e¨vcv‡i Avgv‡K wei³ KwiI bv| mš‘wó I mZxb‡`i †Kb GB A‡gvN †Qvqve †_‡K ewÂZ
(Avqkvi †h we‡klZ¡ Av‡Q Ab¨ KvnviI †m we‡klZ¡ †bB) Kiv n‡jv! Ggb cÖ‡kœi DËi kwih‡Zi cÖ¯‘Z Kiv Av‡Q wK
Avwg Avqkvi weQvbvq _vKvKvjxb (†ekx) Awn Av‡m wKš‘ bv!]
Ab¨ †Kvb wewei weQvbvq _vKv Kvjxb (†mBiƒc) Awn Av‡m AvqvZwUi Ask we‡kl cybt †`Lyb: Ô--weevn Ki‡e
bv| GZ`kªe‡Y D‡¤§ mvjvgv web‡qi m‡½ AviR Ki‡jb, bvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 2, 3, 4--|Õ GLv‡b Ôbvix‡`iÕ ej‡Z
ÔBqv ivQyj−vn! Avwg Avcbvi Amš‘wói Kvh© †_‡K Avj−vni kwiqZ D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB mvaviY ev ¯^vaxbv bvix‡`i
`iev‡i ZIev KiwQ|Õ [cvVK‡`i cyb: mRvM _vKv `iKvi eywS‡q‡Q; wKš‘y cyi“lMY †h ¯^vaxbv bvix‡`iB we‡q K‡i Zv
†h, Dwj−wLZ nvw`mwU‡Z eªv‡K‡Ui K_v¸wj g~j nvw`‡m Awn K‡i ejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv| AZGe Õbvix‡`iÕ ej‡Z
†bB; Dnv Abyev`‡Ki ¯^-¯^xK…Z nvw`‡mi Dci e¨w³MZ GwZg bvix‡`i‡K †h eywS‡q‡Q Zv AvqvZwUi ïi“‡ZB ¯úó
Ges Avcw³Ki n¯—‡¶c gvÎ|] K‡i ejv n‡q‡Q Ges AvqvZwUi welqe¯‘B GwZg‡`i
AZtci Zvi `‡ji weweMY dv‡Zgv‡K (iv) †W‡K welq| GB mnR mij welqwU eyS‡Z Mfxi M‡elYvi
Avb‡jb Ges H welq Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ nhi‡Zi wbKU cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| AZGe kwiqZ †h Avcb
cvVv‡jb| dv‡Zgv (iv) nhi‡Zi wbKU wM‡q ej‡jb, ¯^v_© wmw×i Rb¨B AvqvZwUi Ac-e¨vL¨v K‡i Avw`Kvj
ÔAvcbvi weweMY Aby‡iva Ki‡Qb, Avcwb Aek¨B Avey †_‡K bvix‡`i Dci Aeva †fvMvwaKvi AwePvi, wbh©vZb
eKi Zbqv I Zv‡`i g‡a¨ mgZv i¶v Ki‡eb ;Õ dv‡Zgv K‡i Avm‡Q, AvR‡Ki †fvMev`x Bgvg-Av‡jg, Kw_Z
GB e‡j mg¯— welq e¨³ Ki‡jb| ivQyj ej‡jb, Ô†ø‡ni cxi I Aviex †kL, ev`kvMYI Zvi Rjš— cÖgvY|
†ewU! Avwg hv‡K gneŸZ Kwi Zzwg Zv‡K gneŸZ Ki‡e nvRvi erm‡ii cÖPwjZ kwiq‡Zi KvjvKvbyb Ôg`b
bv?Õ Dˇi dv‡Zgv ej‡jb, ÔwbðqB|Õ nhiZ ej‡jb, wgivmÕ G,†K, dRjyj nK iwnZ K‡i kwiq‡Zi Dci
ÔZ‡e Avqkv‡K gneŸZ Ki|Õ dv‡Zgv weweM‡Yi wbKU G‡m c`vNvr K‡i KZ j¶ †KvwU Amnvq wkï‡`i b¨vh¨ AwaKvi
mKj NUbv e¨³ Ki‡jb| Zviv cybivq hvevi Rb¨ Aby‡iva i¶vK‡í nK mv‡ne wPi¯§iYxq n‡q Av‡Qb| Ck¦i P›`ª
Ki‡jb, dv‡Zgv A¯^xKvi Ki‡jb| we`¨vimvMi mZx`vn cÖ_vi wei“‡× msMÖvg K‡i Zv iwnZ
AZtci weweMY Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †_‡K hqbe‡K cvVv‡jb, Ki‡Z m¶g nb wKš‘ ¶gZvi cyRvwi †ckv`vix kwiqZ ev
wZwbI DnvB ej‡jb †h, ÔAvcbvi weweMY Avcbvi wbKU †gŠjev` Uz kãwUI Kivi mvnm cvq wb|
Aby‡iva Ki‡Qb, Avcwb Avey eKi Zbqv I Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Z`vbxš—b †cÖwm‡W›U AvBqye Lvb Pvi ¯¿xi Kzdj cÖZ¨¶
mgZv i¶v Ki‡eb|Õ GB e‡j hqbe D”P¯^‡i K_v ej‡Z K‡i Zvi mgvavK‡í mva¨gZ GKwU bZzb kwiqZ iPbv
jvM‡jb| GgbwK Avqkvi cÖwZI KUv¶ Avi¤¢ Ki‡jb| K‡ib †h, ÔcÖ_g ¯¿xi AbygwZ Qvov GKvwaK we‡q Ki‡Z
135

cvi‡e bv|Õ AvBbwU kwiq‡Zi Dci KwVY c`vNvr Ges †evb‡K GKÎ Kiv; c~‡e© hv n‡q‡Q. n‡q‡Q| Avj−vn
AvRI Zv ejer Av‡Q| wKš‘ kw³i cyRvwi kwiqZ Uz-kãwU ¶gvkxj, cig `qvjy|
Kivi mvnm cvq wb| c~‡e©i Ôms¯‹viÕ eBwU Zvi nv‡Z L. ÒAvj BqvIgv-- wgbvj Lv‡Qixb| [5:gv‡q`v-5]|
co‡j GK m‡½ GKvwaK ¯¿x MªnY nvivg †NvlYvmn eBwUi A_©: AvR †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ mg¯— fv‡jv wRwbl nvjvj
c~Y© `k©b †h ejer Ki‡Zb Zv wb:m‡›`‡n ejv hvq| †`‡ki Kiv n‡jv| hv‡`i †KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i
cÖwZôvZv knx` †kL mv‡ne, Zzjbvg~jK mdj †cÖwm‡W›U Lv`¨-`ªe¨ †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj I †Zvgv‡`i
knx` wRqvI †h HwZnvwmK fywgKv ivL‡Zb Zv‡ZI m‡›`n Lv`¨-`ªe¨ Zv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj †NvwlZ n‡jv| Ges
wQj bv| gygxb mr PwiÎv bvix, †Zvgv‡`i c~‡e© hv‡`i‡K
R‰bK †jwLKv Zmwjgv bvmwib e¨w³MZfv‡e wK Ges †KZve †`qv n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i mr PwiÎv bvix
†Kgb Zv Kv‡iv Rvbvi K_v bq; Zvi 4 ¯^vgx MÖn‡Yi `vexwU †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj Kiv n‡jv| hw` †Zvgiv
hyw³m½Z e‡U! kwiqZ GKvwaK ¯¿x MÖn‡Yi ¯’vqx weavb Zv‡`i we‡qi Rb¨ †gvni cÖ`vb K‡iv| cÖKvk¨
ˆZwi K‡i cyi“l †gvm‡jg‡`i cÖKvk¨ cwZZve„wËi A‰ea e¨vwfPvi I Dc-cZœx MÖn‡Yi Rb¨ b‡n| G‡Z Cgvb
weavb cÖwZôv K‡i‡Q| †mLv‡b Zmwjgv bvmwi‡bi e¨w³MZ bv Avb‡j [A_©vr G wb‡`©k¸wj ¯^xKvi bv Ki‡j]
welq N„Y¨ e‡U wKš‘ Zzjbvq Zz”QB ejv hvq| G¶‡Y kwiqZ Zvi mKj KvR-Kg© e¨_© n‡e; AZtci ciKv‡j
Zvi Pvi wewe mµvš— nvivg, Ak−xj AvBbwU iwnZ K‡i ¶wZMÖ¯’‡`i `jf‚³ e‡j MY¨ n‡e|
cÖKv‡k¨ ZIev Ki‡j, Zmwjgv bvmwib Aek¨B Pvi ¯^vgx M. Aj LweQybv-- wig| [24:b~i-26] A_©: `yðwiÎv
MÖn‡Yi `vexwU †h cÖZ¨vnvi K‡i wb‡eb Zv‡Z m‡›`n _vKvi bvix `yðwiÎ cyi“‡li Rb¨; `yðwiÎ cyi“l `yðwiÎv
K_v bq| bvixi Rb¨;m”PwiÎv bvix m”PwiÎ cyi“‡li Rb¨,
* m”PwiÎ cyi“l m”PwiÎv bvixi Rb¨--|
N. Avh¨v wb jv-- y‡gbxbv| [24:byi-3] A_©:
50 we‡qi AvIZv e¨vwfPvix-e¨vwfPvwiYx ev gykwiK bvix‡K e¨ZxZ
we‡q K‡i bv Ges e¨vwfPvwiYx-Zv‡K e¨vwfPvix ev
K. A jv ZvbwKû-- ivwng| [4: wbQv-22,23] A_©: gykwiK e¨ZxZ †Kn we‡q K‡i bv; gywgb‡`i Rb¨
bvix‡`i g‡a¨ †Zvgv‡`i wcZ…cyi“l hv‡`i‡K we‡q Bnv wbwl× Kiv n‡q‡Q|
K‡i‡Q, †Zvgiv Zv‡`i we‡q KwiI bv; c~‡e© hv Dwj−wLZ K bs avivwUi e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY wb®cÖ‡qvRb| L,
n‡q‡Q, n‡q‡Q| Bnv Ak−xj, AwZkq N„Y¨ I wbK…ó M I N bs aviv †gvZv‡eK kxqv, Avngw`qv BZ¨vw` ¯^-
AvPiY| RvwZq `j-Dc`j †Zv wbK‡Ui K_v ! GgbwK wn›`y, †eŠ×,
‡Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ wbwl× Kiv n‡q‡Q: †Zgv‡`i gvZv, wLª÷vb, Bûw`, wkL, ˆRb BZ¨vw` mKj RvwZi m‡½ mKj
Kb¨v, fMœx, dzdz, Lvjv, åvZz®úyÎx, fvwMbx, `ya- RvwZi weevn eÜb, mvgvwRK IVv-emv ˆea e‡j †Kvivb
gvZv, `ya-fwMbx, kvïox I †Zvgv‡`i ¯¿xw`‡Mi †NvlYv K‡i| †h‡nZz Zviv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB AZxZ †KZveavix
g‡a¨ hvi mwnZ msMZ n‡qQ Zvi c~e© ¯^vgxi Ji‡m Ges Ck¦i, MW, fMevb ev GKK Avj−vn‡Z I ciKv‡j
Zvi Mf©RvZ Kb¨v, hviv †Zvgv‡`i AwffveK‡Z¡ wek¦vmx; Dciš‘ wbæ AvqvZØqI KwVbfv‡e mg_©b K‡i:
Av‡Q; Z‡e hw` Zv‡`i mwnZ msMZ bv n‡q _vK Bbœvj−vRxbv --BDnhvbyb [2;evKviv-62;5:gv‡q`v-
Zv‡Z †Zvgv‡`i †Kvb Aciva †bB| Ges †Zvgv‡`i 69]A_©: hviv †gvm‡jg n‡q‡Q Ges hviv Bûw`,
Rb¨ wbwl× †Zvgv‡`i JimRvZ cy‡Îi ¯¿x I `yB L„óvb,Qv‡eCb-hvivB (†h‡Kvb RvwZ) Avj−vn I ciKv‡j
136

wek¦vmx I mrKvR K‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ cyi¯‹vi i‡q‡Q w`‡K AvnŸvb K‡ib--|
cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU| Zv‡`i †Kvb fq †bB Ges Zviv kvw¯— wkiK ev gymwiK kã AZ¨š— m~² I e¨vcK| wn›`yMY
I cv‡e bv| g~wZ© cyRv K‡iI †hgb Ck¦i-Avj−vn‡K ¯^xKvi K‡i Z`ªƒc
Bûw`, L„óvb, †eŠ×, wkL cÖavbZt g~wZ… cyRv K‡ib bv; gymjgvbMY Avj−vn‡K ¯^xKvi K‡iI bex-ivQyj I cxi,
Avi mKj wn›`yB †hgb gywZ© cyRv K‡i bv Z`ª“c mKj gyiwk‡`i AP©bv-e›`bv K‡i, Kei c~Rv K‡i; GgbwK
†gvmjgvbB kwiqZx bvgvR-†ivRv K‡i bv; A_©vr †gŠjex,gvIjvbv, QvB`x, †LZve aviY K‡i Kw_Z †kªô
†gvmjgvb RvwZi g‡a¨I ‡gvbv‡dK, †gvk‡iK, Kv‡di, a‡g©i aviKMY mv¶vZ Avj−vn `vex K‡i e‡m Av‡Qb! Ab¨
e¨vwfPvix i‡q‡Q| w`‡K Kw_K gv‡idZxMY Ôcx‡ii †Pnvov `k©YB Avj−vn
A wgbvbœv‡Q-- †e-gygxbxb [2:evKviv-8] A_©: gvby‡li `k©bÕ wek¦vm K‡i wkiKx cv‡c Awfhy³! wKš‘ wn›`y, wLª÷vb
g‡a¨ Ggb †jvK Av‡Q hviv e‡j, ÔAvgiv Avj−vn I ev †eŠ×‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb wb‡f©Rvj †gvk‡i‡Ki bwRi †bB
ciKv‡j wek¦vmx, wKš‘ Zviv wek¦vmx bq| ej‡jB P‡j|
wek¦v‡mi ev¯—e iƒc ev cÖ‡qvM Qvov †gŠwLK wek¦vm I *
Awek¦v‡mi djvdj mgvb; †m wn›`yB †nvK ev gymwjg
wLª÷vbB †nvK! gymwjg n‡qwQ, gymwjg N‡i Rb¥ wb‡qwQ ev 51 wbKU fvB-‡evb we‡q cÖ_v nvivg
Cgvb G‡bwQ ej‡jB †m gymwjg ev Bgvb`vi bq Ges Zv‡K
¶gv Kiv n‡e bv; eis Pzj‡Piv cix¶v Kiv n‡e:: PvPv‡Zv, dzdv‡Zv, Lvjv‡Zv, gvgv‡Zv fvB-†evb‡`i
Avnv‡Qev-- DdZvbyb| [29:AvbKveyZ-2] A_©: gvbyl g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK© Kiv GgbwK cÖPwjZ ‡Qnv‡QËvq GKwU
wK g‡b K‡i †h, ÔAvgiv Cgvb G‡bwQÕ G K_v ej‡jB gvÎ nvw`mI †bB| c¶vš—‡i, G‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK©
Zv‡K cix¶v bv K‡iB †Q‡o †`qv n‡e? GKgvÎ gnvbex e¨ZxZ mvaviY †gvmjgvb‡`i Rb¨ †Kviv‡b
g~jZt AvqvZ¸wji cÖavb mxgve×Zv ïay m‡Zi m‡½ nvivg †NvwlZ Av‡Q:
mZx, Am‡Zi m‡½ AmZx; cv‡Ki m‡½ cvKx, bvcv‡Ki ÒBqv AvBqy nv bœvexD -- Mvdzivb ivwngvbÓ|
m‡½ bvcvKx; Abyiƒc Gi wecixZ| AZtci LM©mg †NvlYv [33:AvnRve: 50] A_©: †n bex! Avwg †Zvgvi Rb¨ ˆea
†h, GB wb‡`©k hviv Agvb¨ K‡i ev Ki‡e Zv‡`i hveZxq K‡iwQ †Zvgvi ¯¿xMY‡K; hv‡`i Zzwg gni cÖ`vb K‡iQ Ges
ag©-Kg© wbõj n‡q †`vh‡L wbw¶ß n‡e! ˆea K‡iwQ dvq wnmv‡e Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K hv `vb K‡i‡Qb
Bmjvg ev kvwš—ev`x ag©B gvbe ag©, Bnv cÖmv‡i Ges Z¤§‡a¨ hviv †Zvgvi gvwjKvbvaxb n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i, Ges
Avw` hyM a‡i cÖevwnZ mv¤cÖ`vwqK `v½v wbg©~‡j,ivR‰bwZK we‡qi Rb¨ ˆea K‡iwQ †Zvgvi PvPvi KY¨v I dzdzi
mgm¨v mgvav‡b AvqvZMywj we‡k¦i Ag~j¨ HwZnvwmK `wjj; Kb¨v‡K, gvgvi Kb¨v I Lvjvi Kb¨v‡K, hviv †Zvgvi ms‡M
wKš‘ wK D‡Ï‡k¨ Ges wK‡mi ¯^v‡_© AvRI Zviv AvqvZ¸wj †`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Q Ges †Kvb gywgb bvix bexi wbKU wbR‡K
†Mvcb †i‡L‡Qb! †Kviv‡bi Aj•Nbxq weavb AbymiY bv wb‡e`b Ki‡j Ges bex Zv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j †mI
K‡i `j-Dc`j iwPZ LwÛZ ag© wek¦v‡mi Kvi‡YB †`k ˆea| Bnv we‡kl K‡i †ZvgviB Rb¨, Ab¨ gywgb‡`i Rb¨
Z_v wek¦gq i‡³i eb¨v e‡q hv‡”Q! bq| hv‡Z †Zvgvi †Kvb Amyweav bv nq| gywgb‡`i ¯¿x Ges
O. [2:evKviv-221] A_©:gykwiK bvix-cyi“l †Zvgv‡`i Zv‡`i gvwjKvbvaxb `vwmMY m¤^‡Ü hv wba©vwiZ K‡iwQ Zv
gy» Ki‡jI Cgvb bv Avbv ch©š— we‡q KwiI bv| Avwg Rvwb| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, cig `qvjy|
gygxb µxZ `vk-`vkx Z`‡c¶v DËg| Dnviv AwMœi AvqvZwU cy‡ivcywi Ges GKgvÎ bexi Rb¨; bex‡K ‡W‡KB
w`‡K AvnŸvb K‡i wKš‘ Avj−vn RvbœvZ I ¶gvi Zvi Rb¨ †Kvb& †Kvb& bvixMY we‡qi Rb¨ ˆea Zv G‡K G‡K
137

eY©bv Kivi ci †k‡l †Nvlbv Kiv n‡q‡Q †h, Dwj−wLZ †NvwlZ n‡q Avm‡Q hv mKj RvwZB mv¶x| Ab¨ †Kvb
wewagvjv GKgvÎ bexi Rb¨ ‰ea, Ab¨ ‡gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ ‰ea RvwZi g‡a¨ wbKU fvB-‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK©
bq| †Nvlbv¸wj µwgK b¤^i Abyhvqx: RNb¨ nvivg e‡j MY¨ K‡i| wKš‘ wbKU †evb‡`i g‡a¨
K. †Zvgvi ¯¿x‡`i, hv‡`i †gvni Zzwg cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qv| hviv ivQy‡ji Rb¨ ev m‡½ †`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Qb, †Kej
L. Ges ˆea K‡iwQ dvq wnmv‡e Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K hv `vb †mB mKj wbKU †evb‡`i B”Qv Ki‡j ivQyj we‡q
K‡i‡Qb Z®§‡a¨ †_‡K hviv †Zvgvi gvwjKvbvaxb n‡q‡Q Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
Zv‡`i| 4. Avi N bs avivq ejv n‡q‡Q †h, Gi c‡iI †h‡Kvb
M. Ges we‡qi Rb¨ ˆea K‡iwQ †Zvgvi PvPvi Kb¨v I dzdzi ‡gv‡gb bvix bex‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j Ges bexi
Kb¨v‡`i, gvgvi Kb¨v I Lvjvi Kb¨v‡`i, hviv †Zvgvi B”Qv _vK‡j wZwb we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
m‡½ †`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Q| weavb¸wj mPivPi ev mvaviY bq eis bexi Rb¨ AwZwi³
N. Ges †Kvb gywgb bvix bexi wbKU wbR‡K wb‡e`b I we‡kl weavb; hv‡Z bexi KLbI †Kvb Amyweav bv nq|
Ki‡j Ges bex Zv‡K we‡q Ki‡Z PvB‡j Zv bexi Rb¨ kwiq‡Zi cÖavb wek¦vm n‡jv †h, Dwj−wLZ K †_‡K N bs
ˆea| aviv msewjZ 50 bs AvqvZwU me© mvKz‡j¨ GKgvÎ bexi
c¶vš—‡i kwiqZ e‡j GKgvÎ ÔNÕ bs avivwU we‡kl Rb¨B, Dnvi mv‡_ Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i †KvbB m¤úK©B †bB,
my‡hvM wnmv‡e bexi Rb¨ wbw`©ó hv Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ A_©vr AvqvZwU gvbvI `iKvi †bB! Ab¨ †gv‡gbMY myiv
b‡n| evwK wZbwU aviv mKj †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ ˆea! g~jZt wbQvi 22,23 bs Avqv‡Z ewY©Z 14 m¤úK©xq bvixMY ev‡`
GwU P‚ovš— åvš— I D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z Ace¨vL¨v, KviY: Avi mKj‡K we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡eb| H åvš— aviYvq
1. Dwj−wLZ K bs aviv mvaviY †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ ivQy‡ji mgvR‡K weåvš— K‡i Nwbó fvB-‡evb‡`i we‡q cÖ_v ejer
weevwnZv ¯¿xMY wK K‡i ˆea n‡Z cv‡i! †mLv‡b e‡j‡Q Ki‡Q| wKš‘ Zv‡`i fvev DwPr †h †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ¸wj
ivQyy‡ji †gvni cÖ`Ë¡ weevwnZ ¯¿xMY GKgvÎ ivQyy‡ji wew”Qbœ bq, G‡K A‡b¨i wecixZ, wei“× bq Ges mKj
Rb¨B ˆea| ivQyj ZvjvK w`‡j A_ev Zvi g„Zz¨i c‡iI Avqv‡Zi gvb mgvb Ges mgvb cvjbxq| ZvÕQvov Zv‡`i
H ¯¿x‡`i Ab¨ †KD we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| Bnv Ab¨ e³e¨, ÔGKgvÎ bexi Rb¨Õ gv‡bB H Avqv‡Zi m‡½
Avqv‡ZI †NvwlZ Av‡Q †h,Òbex cZœxMY bexi g„Zz¨i †gv‡gb‡`i †KvbB m¤úK© †bBÕ A_©vr Zv gvbvI `iKvi
c‡iI Ab¨Î we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Ó[`ª: 33: †bB| M bs avivwU mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ ˆea n‡j K I L bs
AvnRve-53] avivØq ¯^fveZB mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ ˆea e‡j ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z
2. L bs Avqv‡Z e‡j‡Q †h, hy‡× ew›`bx bvix‡`i g‡a¨ nq, wKš‘ Zv wK m¤¢e! ZeyI kwiqZ e‡j †h, N bs avivwUB
ivQy‡ji Aax‡b AvwkªZv wnmv‡e hviv wQj Zv‡`i ga¨ we‡klfv‡e GKgvÎ bexi Rb¨, Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ b‡n|
†_‡K ivQyj ¯¿x wnmv‡e hv‡`i MÖnY K‡i‡Qb ev Ki‡eb wKš‘ N bs avivwUB eis Ab¨ †gv‡gb‡`i m¤úK© _vKv
ZvivI mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ nvivg; wKš‘ hv‡`i ïay gvÎ Avkªq ¯^vfvweK; Kvib, mvaviYZ †gv‡gb bi-bvix Df‡qi
w`‡q‡Qb, we‡q Kivi †Kvb AvksKv †bB Zviv m¤§wZ‡ZB we‡q n‡q _v‡K|
mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ ‰ea nIqv ¯^vfvweK| cÖavbZt wnRiwZ Nwbó †evb Qvov Ab¨ Nwbó †evb‡`i
3. M bs avivq ejv n‡q‡Q †h, wbKU †evbMY GgbwK we‡q †hLv‡b bexi Rb¨I nvivg †mLv‡b mvavi‡Yi Rb¨
bexi Rb¨I nvivg, wKš‘ hviv ivQy‡ji Kvi‡Y ev m‡½ nvjvj fvevi wZj cwigvY my‡hvM Avjer _vK‡Z cv‡i bv!
†`k Z¨vM K‡i‡Qb, ‡Kej †mB mKj wbKU †evbMYB Avcb fvB‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q wm× bv nIqvi cÖavb KviY
nvjvj| weavbwU bZzb bq eis Avw`Kvj †_‡KB nvivg Df‡qi i‡³i AvbycvwZK mgZv; A_©vr Nwbó fvB-
138

‡evb‡`i g‡a¨ mg-i‡³i AbycvZ Avav-Avwa| gvgv- [Arabic-English Dictionary: by : J.M Cowan] A_©vr
Lvjvi †`‡ni i³ I gv‡qi i³ GKB; A_©vr gvgv‡Zv, ixwZ wm× ‰ea gZvgZ; myZivs †gvm‡jg RvwZi ixwZ wm×
Lvjv‡Zv fvB †evb‡`i †`‡ni i³ ¯^-i‡³i AvbycvwZK ‰ea msweavb Avj-†Kvivb| Avj †Kviv‡bi gZ& I c_
gvb& mgvb; Abyiƒc PvPv‡Zv, dzdv‡Zv fvB‡evb‡`i †`‡n d‡Zvqv bq| D`vniY¯^iƒc bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾, RvKvZ
evevi i‡³i AbycvZ mgvb; A_©vr Zv‡`i g‡a¨ ‰cwÎK i³ Kiv; mZ¨ ejv wg_¨v cwinvi Kiv; Avj−vni GK‡Z¡ wek¦vm,
cÖev‡ni gvb mgvb mgvb e‡jB Avw`Kvj †_‡K mKj Hkx ivQyjM‡Yi Dci wek¦vm, ag©-K‡g©i wewbgq nvw`qv ev gyj¨
MÖ‡š’ G‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK© nvivg †NvwlZ n‡q Avm‡Q| MªnY nvivg BZ¨vw` nvRvi evi Ges †h †KD †NvlYv Ki‡jI
wKš‘ Ak−xj, nvivg d‡Zvqvi e‡`Šj‡Z GKgvÎ Dnv d‡Zvqvi AvIZvq c‡o bv; KviY Zv †Kviv‡bi evYx|
†gvmjgvb‡`i g‡a¨ GB A‰ea Z_v nvivg we‡q cÖ_v P‡j Ggb wK ivQy‡ji wbR¯^ K_vI d‡Zvqv wnmv‡e ¯^xK…Z bq|
Avm‡Q nvRvi eQ‡ii AwaKKvj †_‡K! gymwjg we‡k¦ Ggb AZGe cÖPwjZ d‡Zvqv ej‡Z Ggb †NvlYv eySvq hv
†Kvb cwievi †bB hv‡`i `yÕPvi cyi“‡li g‡a¨ †KD bv †KD †Kviv‡b †bB, Kw_Z nvw`m, †dKnv BZ¨vw`‡Z †bB, A_©vr
cÖ_g KvwRb‡`i g‡a¨ we‡q m¤úK©© K‡ib wb| kZfvM †Kvivb ewnf©yZ Ges †Kvivb weiƒ×| AZGe,
Lvjv‡Zv †ev‡bi Ab¨Î we‡q n‡j Zvi mš—vb hv‡K gvgv d‡Zvqvi gyj A_© `uvovq: e¨w³ I `‡ji Pvwc‡q †`qv
WvK‡Zv; ‡mB †evb ‡m wb‡R we‡q Ki‡j †h mš—vb Avm‡e weavb| †Kviv‡bi mvg‡b e¨w³ I `‡ji ¯^ iwPZ AvBb
†m cÖK…Zc‡¶ wK gvgv-PvPi Rb¥ bq! AZGe ch©vqµ‡g mivmwi †Kvivb Z_v Avj−vn-ivQyy‡ji cÖwZ cÖKvk¨ P¨v‡jÄ|
Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b †gvm‡jg RvwZi g‡a¨ 80-90 kZvsk gvÎ K‡qKwU d‡Zvqvi D`vniY †`qv n‡jv:
Avgiv nvivg ev A‰ea mš—vb wK bv! Avkv Kwi Av‡jg- 1. PvPv‡Zv, dzdv‡Zv, gvgv‡Zv,Lvjv‡Zv fvB †evb‡`i
Avj−vgvMY Zvi ˆeaZvi e¨vL¨v cÖ`vb K‡i mvavi‡Yi m‡›`n mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
`~i Ki‡eb; Ab¨_vq h_vh_ Avï e¨e¯’v †bqv †gvm‡jg 3. PvPv k¦ïi, gvgv k¦ïi‡`i mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
RvwZi Rb¨ Acwinvh©| 4. gv-ev‡ci PvPv‡Zv, Lvjv‡Zv,dzdv‡Zv fvB-
cÖKvk _v‡K †h wPwKrmv weÁv‡bi g‡ZI G‡`i g‡a¨ i‡³i ‡evb‡`i mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
mgZvi Kvi‡Y we‡q m¤^Ü m½Z e‡j g‡b K‡i bv| KviY 5. Ab¨ a‡g©i †Q‡j-‡g‡q‡`i mv‡_ we‡q nvivg|
G‡Z mvaviYZt ˆ`wnK I gvbwmK wech©¯— Kz mš—vb Rb¥ 6. ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡a¨ GKRb gymjgvb n‡j Avi Ab¨Rb
wb‡q esk ci¤úivq Dnvi we¯—vi N‡U| †m Kvi‡bB m¤cÖwZ bv n‡j Zv‡`i we‡q †f‡½ hv‡e, GLb Avi Zviv
‡mŠw` Avi‡eI GB RNb¨ we‡q cÖ_v evwZ‡ji civgk© ¯^vgx-¯¿xi b¨vq _vK‡Z cvi‡e bv|
Pj‡Q| (cwÎKvq cÖKvk) 7. fvmyi ev †`e‡ii †Q‡ji mv‡_ we‡q nvjvj|
mš—vbMY GRb¨ `vqx bq e‡U! wKš‘ hLb Zv‡`i A‰ea 8. ‡Kvb weag©x gwnjv hw` gymjgvb nq Zvn‡j hZw`b
cÖR‡b¥i cwiPq Rvb‡Z cv‡e ZLb Zv‡`i mw¤§wjZ ch©š— D³ gwnjvi wZbwU nv‡qh †kl bv nq ZZw`b
cÖkœev‡bi AvNvZ cÖPwjZ kwiqZ mvgvj w`‡Z cvi‡e †Zv ch©š— IB gwnjvi we‡q Rv‡qh bq|
!! 8. mybœx †gvmjgvb †g‡q‡`i we‡q kxqv cyi“l‡`i mwnZ
* eû msL¨K Av‡jg‡`i d‡Zvqv g‡Z hv‡qR b‡n|
9. ¯^vgxi ûKzg m‡Z¡I hw` ¯¿x cwi¯‹vi-cwi”Qbœ bv
52 d‡Zvqv nq, Z¾b¨ cÖnvi Kivi nK ch©š— Av‡Q|
10.¯^vgxi mš‘wó‡Z Avj−vn I ivQyj (Q)-Gi mš‘wó|`ª:
Ôd‡ZvqvÕi AvwfavwbK A_© Formal legal opinion H, c„: 411] [`ª: 1-10 bs: †e‡nkZx ‡RIi:1-
139

11k L. c„:369, 370; 410; Avkivd Avjx 228]| A_©: ZvjvKcÖvßv ¯¿x‡K 3 iRtmªve Kvj ch©š—
_vbfx| A‡c¶v Ki‡Z n‡e [hw` †m Ab¨Î we‡q Ki‡Z Pvq]|
11. Kvw`qvbx‡`i mwnZ weevn mg¯— Av‡jg‡`i Zviv Avj−vn I fwel¨‡Zi [ciKv‡ji] Dci wek¦vmx
d‡Zvqv g‡Z Av‡`Š hv‡qR b‡n| [`ª: †e‡nkZx n‡j, Zv‡`i Mf©vkq Avj−vn hv m„wó K‡i‡Qb, Zv
†RIi, 2q fwjDg; c„: 5; Avkivd Avjx _vbfx| †Mvcb ivLv ˆea bq| hw` Zviv Av‡cvl-gxgvsmv
* Ki‡Z Pvq Z‡e Dnv‡Z Zv‡`i cybt MÖn‡Y Zv‡`i
¯^vgxM‡Yi AwaKvi Av‡Q| bvix‡`iI AweKj
53 ZvjvK b¨vqm½Z AwaKvi i‡q‡Q; †hgb Av‡Q Zv‡`i Dci
cyi“l‡`i| Z‡e bvix‡`i Dci cyi“l‡`i `vexwU
Avw`Kvj †_‡K Pig weZwK©Z ÔZvjvKÕ m¤^‡Ü AMÖMY¨| Avj−vn gnv civµgkvjx, weÁvbgq|
†Kviv‡bi †NvlYv j¶¨Yxq: A_©vr ZvjvK cÖvßv ¯¿x‡K 3 iRtmªve Kvj ch©š— A‡c¶v
1. jv BDAv-wLRyK¡zgyj−v-û-- nvwjg| [2:evKviv-225] Ki‡Z n‡e; Gi g‡a¨ Ab¨Î we‡q Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| KvjwU
A_©: †Zvgv‡`i A_©nxb kc‡_i Rb¨ Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i 3 gvm †_‡K iRtKvj †f‡` 5-6 gvm ch©š—I n‡Z cv‡i|
`vqx Ki‡eb bv| wKš‘ wZwb †Zvgv‡`i ev¯—weK Gi g‡a¨ Mf©eZx cÖgvY n‡j Ges B”Qv Ki‡j †h‡Kvb mgqB
msK‡íi Rb¨ `vqx Ki‡eb| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, Dfq wd‡i Avm‡Z cv‡i ; Ab¨_vq Gi Rb¨ Avjv`v wewa-
ˆah©¨kxj| weavb Ab¨Î ewY©Z Av‡Q| Zvjv‡Ki cÖ‡kœ bvix-cyi“l
A_©vr nvwm-VvÆv, is-Zvgvkv ev iv‡Mi ekeZx© n‡q †h Df‡qiB mg-AwaKvi| Z‡e ¯^vgxi AwaKvi mvgvb¨
†Kvb kc_ ev kZevi ÔZvjvKÕ †NvlYv Ki‡jI AZtci AMÖMY¨| KviY c~Y© mg-AwaKvi ev `vexi cÖ‡kœ †Kvb
Df‡q ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e msmvi Ki‡Z _vKvB ÔA_©nxbÕ kc_| mgm¨vi mgvavb KLbIB m¤¢e nq bv| Avi hw` Ab¨Î we‡q
A_©vr †h K_v ev kc‡_i †gŠwLK Qvov ev¯—eZvi †Kvb Ki‡Z bv Pvq Ges cÖ_g ¯^vgxi wbKU wd‡i Avm‡Z Pvq Avi
m¤úK© †bB ;A_©nxb kc_ ej‡Z ZvB-eySvq | ¯^vgxI hw` ivRx _v‡K Z‡e 3 iRtmªve Kvj A‡c¶vi
2. jxj−vRxbv BDÕjybv -- Mvdzi“ivwng| [2:evKviv- `iKvi nq bv; Avi H wbw`©ó mgq AwZevwnZ nIqvi
226,27] A_© : hviv ¯¿x m½Z bv nIqvi kc_ K‡i, c‡iI AvbyôvwbK we‡q QvovB cybt wd‡i Avm‡Z cv‡i|
Zviv 4 gvm hver A‡c¶v Ki‡e| AZtci hw` Zviv 4. AvË¡vjvK¡z-gviivZ-wb-- gy¾v‡jgxb| [2:evKviv-
wd‡i Av‡m, Z‡e Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, `qvkxj| 229] A_©: GB ZvjvK 2 evi| AZtci ¯¿x‡K nq
A_©vr ¯^vgx- ¯¿x †h †Kn Avm‡jB ZvjvK †`qvi †NvlYv wewagZ †i‡L †`‡e A_ev hyw³m½Zfv‡e we`vq
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cvi‡e bv| hw`I ¯¿x Kv‡QB Av‡Qb, hw`I ¯¿xi evm¯’vb, wKQy †dir jIqv ˆea bq| Aek¨ hw` Df‡qi AvksKv
fiY †cvlY ¯^vgxi Ki‡ZB n‡”Q| GiB g‡a¨ m½ Ki‡jB nq †h, Zviv Avj−vni mxgv i¶v Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv Ges
kc_wU A_©nxb kc‡_ MY¨ n‡e, hvi †Kvb cvc †bB, †ZvgivI [AwffveK] hw` m‡›`n Ki †h, Zviv Avj−vni
Kvddviv †bB; Avi hw` kc_ c~Y© K‡i Z‡e ‡Zv ZvjvK mxgv i¶v Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv, Z‡e ¯¿x †Kvb wKQyi
n‡qB †Mj| AZtci wewa m¤§Zfv‡e †`bv cvIqvbv wewbgq gyw³ †c‡Z PvB‡j †mUv Zv‡`i Aciva bq|
cwi‡kva K‡i mš‘ó wP‡Ë we`vq w`‡Z n‡e bq‡Zv ev cybt Gme Avj−vni mxgv‡iLv| †Zvgiv Dnv j•Nb KwiI bv|
Ni msmvi Ki‡e| [`ª:evKviv-227] hviv Dnv j•Nb K‡i ZvivB Rvwjg|
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140

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cvevi mgq _v‡K †h †Kvb GKR‡bi Ab¨Î we‡q Kivi ZvjvKcÖvßv ¯¿x byZb ¯^vgxi Ni Ki‡jB MZ 3 ZvjvK hver
AvM ch©š—| G iKg ZvjvK GKB ¯^vgx-¯¿xi g‡a¨ `yÕevi ev¯—e Rxe‡bi AwfÁZv I djvd‡ji m‡½ Zzjbv K‡i
NU‡Z cv‡i; Ges G‡Z bZzb K‡i we‡qi AvbyôvwbKZv Pzovš‘ wm×vš— wb‡Z cv‡i †h, GLb †Kvb& ¯^vgx Zvi Rb¨
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mij myZivs Av‡jvPbv wb®cÖ‡qvRb| civnZ! KviY wØZxq ¯^vgx hw` B”Qv K‡i Dwj−wLZ wewa-
5. dv-Bb Zvj−vKv- nv-- qvjvgyb| [2:evKviv-230] weavb g‡Z ZvjvK †`q Ges ¯¿x hw` GKB wbq‡g ZvjvK
A_©: AZtci hw` †m Zv‡K ZvjvK †`q Z‡e †m Zvi wb‡q cybwg©j‡b ivwR nq|
Rb¨ ˆea n‡e bv, †h ch©š— †m Ab¨ ¯^vgxi m‡½ m½Z G¶‡Y GUv cwi¯‹vi †h GK GKwU ZvjvK ejer n‡Z
bv nq| AZtci †m hw` Zv‡K ZvjvK †`q Avi Zviv Aby¨b 4wU gvm mgq jv‡M| 3wU ZvjvK ejer n‡Z Aby¨b
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Ki‡Z mg_© n‡e, Z‡e Zv‡`i cybwg©j‡b Kv‡iv †Kvb ewY©Z †Kviv‡bi weavb¸wj mnR, mij I cÖvÄj|
Aciva n‡e bv| G¸wj Avj−vni mxgv‡iLv, Ávbx GLv‡b d‡Zvqvi cÖ‡qvRb Av‡Q e‡j mvaviY wkw¶Z ev
m¤cÖ`v‡qi Rb¨ Avj−vn Bnv ¯úófv‡e eY©bv K‡ib| Aa©-wkw¶Z †jv‡KI ¯^xKvi Ki‡eb bv| wKš‘ Zv¾‡ei
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cvi‡e bv| hZ¶Y bv Ab¨ cyi“‡li mwnZ we‡q nq| H A‰ea kwiq‡Zi cÖwZev` K‡ib wb Ges AvRI Ki‡Qb
AZtci 2q ¯^vgx ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e Ges cÖ_vgZ ZvjvK w`‡j bv|
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AvbyôvwbKZv, Pvwc‡q †`qv Kvd&dviv bv w`‡qB cyiv‡Yv ¯¿x g‡a¨B wnj−v AZtci GKwU Ak−xj ivÎ c‡iB cybt we‡q
wdwi‡q Avb‡Z cv‡i| m¤¢eZt Ggb fvewUB Dwj−wLZ cÖ_v g~jZt Avj−vn-ivQyj Z_v †Kviv‡bi Pig Aegvbbv
Avqv‡Z ewY©Z Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq; KviY Avqv‡Z K‡i Avm‡Q Kw_Z kwiqZ; Zviv cÖKv‡k¨B †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ
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kãwU evievi ejv †bB| KZ j¶-†KvwU cweÎ msmvi GB kwiq‡Zi nv‡Z
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c‡i 4_©evi wgj‡bi cÖkœ ev Abyiƒc a¨vb-aviYv Aek¨B †i‡L‡Q! KZ Aejv ¯¿x †Pv‡Li R‡j Avj−vi Avim
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Abymi‡Y GiKg NUbv j¶-†KvwUi g‡a¨ GKwUI nq wK bv ev Amnvq wkï mš—vb wb‡q iv¯—vq †b‡g‡Q, c‡_-Nv‡U
m‡›`n| jvwÂZ n‡q‡Q; Zvi wnmve kwiqZ iv‡L wb| kwiqZ
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141

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n‡e cvÎ c¶‡K| gymwjg AvBb cwil` my‡Î Rvbv †M‡Q, ÔevwK‡Z we‡q Kiv|Õ A_©vr `yB j¶ UvKv †gvnivbv avh©
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AvB‡bi ms¯‹vi Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges GKB m‡½ wZb ZvjvK fvM we‡q nq evwK‡Z, cyi“l evmi N‡i gv_v bZ K‡i
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gymjgvb Djvgv‡`i Af¨š—ixY we‡iv‡ai Rb¨B fvi‡Z GB msmvi K‡i Ges g„Zz¨i c~e©¶‡Y Avevi gvd †P‡q Uzc K‡i
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AvBb cl©` hLb eû Kvw•LZ wm×vš— wb‡Z P‡j‡Q, ZLb Avj−vni `iev‡i evwK ivL‡Z cvi‡jI Zvi `iev‡i †Kvb
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142

‡KŠkj wnmv‡e ivQy‡ji cweÎ bvgwUi Ac-e¨envi Ôciv‡_©Õ wjL‡j GgbwK kÎMYI ¯^vMZg Rvbv‡Zv|
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a‡g©i bv‡g A_© MÖnY, Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji bv‡g cy¯—K iPbv
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we‡k¦ wbZvš—B weij; myZivs mnR cš’vi D`vniY n‡jv: Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi †Nvlbv Abyhvqx hveZxq Rxe-Rš‘ Ges
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bv, Zvi KviY c~e© Aby‡gvw`Z wbw`©ó wewa-weav‡bi
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Ki‡j Zv‡`iI Revew`wn Ki‡Z nq| AZGe GB †mÝi K‡i:
KwgwUi m`m¨‡`i †Kviv‡bi Dci Ávb _vK‡Z n‡e; †h 2. BqvQ AvjybvKv-- Qvwiqy¨j wnQv-e| [5: gv‡q`v-4]
†Kvb gxgvsmvi GKK gvcKvwV wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i †Kvivb‡K A_©: †jv‡K †Zvgv‡K cÖkœ K‡i, Zv‡`i Rb¨ wK wK
mvg‡b †i‡LB wePvi gxgvskv Ki‡j †h †Kvb ag©vej¤^xB nvjvj Kiv n‡q‡Q? Zzwg ej! mg¯— Kj¨vYKi wRwbm
Zvi m`m¨ n‡Z cv‡i eis †mUvB wbLyuZ I wbi‡c¶ nIqvi †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvjvj Kiv n‡q‡Q Ges wkKvix cï-
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Ki‡e bv? hv †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ wbwl× Zv wZwb A_©: †n gywgbMY! Avwg †h mKj cweÎ e¯‘ w`‡qwQ Zv
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†Zvgiv wbi“cvq n‡j Zv e¨wZµg| A‡b‡K 10. Bbœvgv-- ivwngyb| [2: evKviv-173] A_©:wbðqB
AÁvbZvekZ Avcb †Lqvj-Lykx Øviv Aek¨B Ab¨‡K Avj−vn g„Z Rš‘, i³, ïKi gvsm Ges hvi Dci
wec_Mvgx K‡i| †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK Avj−vni bvg e¨ZxZ A‡b¨i bvg D”PvwiZ n‡q‡Q Zv
mxgvj•NbKvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü AeMZ| †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nvivg Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ †h
hv‡Z Avj−vni bvg †bqv nqwb Zv †Zvgiv Avnvi KwiI Ab‡b¨vcvq A_P bvdigvb ev mxgvjONbKvix bq Zvi
bv, Dnv Aek¨B cvc--| †Kvb cvc †bB| Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, cig `qvjy|
5. K¡yj!-- ivwng| [6:AvbAvg-145] A_©: ej! Avgvi Lv`¨-`ªe¨ m¤^‡Ü †Kviv‡b ewY©Z wewa-weavb¸wj
cÖwZ †h cÖZ¨v‡`k n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z †jv‡K [Ab¨ RvwZMY] Zdwmi e¨vL¨vi wb®cÖ‡qvRb| c¶vš—‡i nvw`‡mi †`vnvB
hv Avnvi K‡i Zvi g‡a¨ Avwg wKQyB nvivg cvB bv, w`‡q AZtci wKQy nvivg, wKQy nvjvj †NvlYv Kivi †KvbB
giv, UvUKv i³, I ïK‡ii gvsm e¨ZxZ--†Kbbv, duvK-†duvKo †bB, eis †m AwaKviI †Kvivb KvD‡K †`q
Bnv Aek¨B AcweÎ-A_ev hv A‰ea, Avj−vn Qvov wb| c¶vš—‡i AmsL¨ †`kx-we‡`kx‡`i Lv`¨ mvgMªx nvivg
A‡b¨i bv‡g Drm‡M©i Kvi‡Y, Z‡e †Kn Aeva¨ bv †NvwlZ Av‡Q| gvsm wKb‡Z †M‡j †gvmjgvb †`vKvb Qvov
n‡j Ges mxgvj•Nb bv K‡i Dnv MÖn‡Y wbi“cvq n‡j Ab¨‡`i †`vKvb †_‡K wK‡bB bv; †h‡nZz Zviv ÔweQwgj−vnÕ
†Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK ¶gvkxj cig `qvjy| e‡j RevB K‡i bv Ges †mLv‡b ïK‡ii †Mv¯—I weµq
6. K¡yj! AvivBZzg-- ZvdZvi“b| [10:BDbym-59] A_©: K‡i|
ej! †Zvgiv wK †f‡e †`‡LQ? Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i †h RevB Kivi c~‡e© ÔweQwgj−vnÕ bv ejvUv hyw³m½Z
Lv`¨vw` w`‡q‡Qb †Zvgiv Bnvi wKQy nvjvj I wKQy mgm¨v e‡U! wKš‘ kwiqZ nvw`m wj‡L Avcb mgm¨vi
nvivg Ki‡Qv? ej! Avj−vn wK †Zvgv‡`i Bnvi AbygwZ mgvavb w`‡q‡Q:
w`‡q‡Qb bv †Zvgiv Avj−vni cÖwZ wg_¨v Av‡ivc wewe Avqkv [iv] nB‡Z ewY©Z Av‡Q, KwZcq e¨w³
Ki‡Qv? AviR Kij, Bqv ivQyjvj−vn! †jv‡Kiv Avgv‡`i wbKU
7. Bqv-- ZvAvZv`y| [5:gv‡q`v-87] A_©: †n f³MY! RevBK…Z †Mvk&Z wewµ Kivi Rb¨ wb‡q Av‡m| Avgiv Rvwb
Avj−vn †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ DrK…ó †h me e¯‘ nvjvj bv-Zviv RevB Kivi mgq Ôwem&wgj−vnÕ e‡j‡Q wKbv|
K‡i‡Qb †m mKj‡K †Zvgiv nvivg K‡i mxgvj•Nb Z`yˇi bex Qvj−vj−vû AvjvB‡n Amvj−vg ej‡jb, Ô†Zvgiv
KwiI bv| Avj−vn mxgvj•NbKvix‡K cQ›` K‡ib bv| wem&wgj−vn ewjqv Dnv LvI|Õ [`ª: †evLvix, 2q LÛ, : AvwR.
8. Bqv AvBqynvbœvQy-- gyweb| [2:evKviv-168] A_©: †n nK; nvw`m : bs 1064, c„: 208|]:
144

ïK‡ii †Mv¯— f¶Y nvivg e‡U! wKš‘ Bnv aiv †Quvqv, GgZve¯’vq AwZ ci‡nRnMvi ev cvK-cweÎ nIqvi Rb¨
e¨emv-evwbR¨ Kiv nvivg †NvwlZ †bB; DnvI Avj−vni Gev‡i ïKi wba‡bi †Rnv` †Nvlbv w`‡j AevK nIqvi
m„wó, myZivs N„Yv Kiv Aciva| my‡hvM †bB! Z‡e Zvi c~‡e© Aš—Z ïK‡ii jvm¸wj
‡`‡k we‡`‡k KwZcq AZ¨vaywbK avg©xK †`Lv hvq| †mŠiRM‡Zi evwn‡i †dj‡Z cvi‡eb wK bv! †m m¤^‡Ü
9/11i c‡i Zv‡`i gv_v ‡_‡K Aviexq wnhve [Iobv] L‡m c~‡e©B wbwðZ nIqv `iKvi|
c‡o‡Q, 4 †_‡K 12 Bw `vwo Pvi wgwj wgUv‡i †b‡g ***
G‡m‡Q| †`L‡j ¯ú¨vwbm e‡jB g‡b nq; Z‡e cwjwQUv
weÁvbm¤§Z e‡U! KviY †¶Î we‡k‡l QybœZI cÖgvb Kiv hvq
Avevi ¯ú¨vwbm e‡jI wec` Gov‡bv hvq!
G‡`i cwiPq †`qvi Kvib Giv PK‡jU, K¨vwÛ,
civ‡_©
Uz_‡có, mvevb, we¯‹zU-‡eKvix BZ¨vw`i g‡a¨I nvjvj- mßg Aa¨vq
nvivg Av‡Q e‡j d‡Zvqv w`‡q mvavi‡Yi cvwievwiK RxeY
wecbœ K‡i‡Q| Zv‡`i d‡Zvqv †h, PK‡jU, K¨vwÛ 55 ‡kl bex gZev`
BZ¨vw`‡Z ïK‡ii Pwe©i ˆZix j¨vwmw_Y, †MjvwUY RvwZq
BbwMÖwW‡q›U e¨eüZ nq; myZivs Bnv nvivg| gRvi e¨cvi gv Kvbv †gvnv¤§v`yb Avev Avnw`g w¤§i wi¾vwjK¡yg Ajv
‡h, Jl‡ai g‡a¨ mivmwi g`, ïK‡ii Pwe© †_‡K msM„nxZ wKi ivQywjj−vwn A LvZvgvbœvweb| [33:AvnRve-40]
†jwmw_Y BZ¨vw` e¨env‡ii wei“‡× Zv‡`i †Kvb AvcwË Abyev`: gyn¤§` †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb cyi“‡li/gvby‡li wcZv
†bB| b‡nb; eis wZwb Avj−vni ivQyj I bex‡`i wmj&/†kl bex|
ïK‡ii gvsm f¶Y wbwk× n‡jI Dnv‡K N„Yv Kivi AvqvZwU cÖavbZt `yÕwU fvM AZtci `yÕwU DcfvMmn
gZev‡`i wfwˇZ †gvU Pvi fv‡M wef³, fvM¸wj wbæiƒc:
Dcvq †bB| ZvQvov Lv`¨ msK‡U Abycvq n‡j Rxeb ‡gvnv¤§` (mv):
euvPv‡bvi ZvwM‡` Bnv LvIqviI weavb Av‡Q| wKš‘ Dnvi 1. cyi“‡li wcZv b‡nb| 2. gvby‡li wcZv b‡nb| 3.
Bb‡MÖwW‡q›U †MjvwUY, ‡jwQw_Y †Zv Avi ïKi bq, gvsmI bex‡`i wmj&| 4. †kl bex|
bq| H GKB †MjvwUb Mi“, QvMj GgbwK bex-ivQyj, Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU gymwjg we‡k¦ ¸i“‡Z¡i w`K †_‡K me©
Av‡jg mv‡ne‡`i †`‡nI weØgvb| cÖavb I †kªôZg weZwK©Z [hw`I weZ‡K©i f‚wgKv I AvIZv
H mKj mveavbx ci‡nRMvi‡`i ˆKkixK hyw³‡Z Mi“i mxwgZ]; †h‡nZz Bnv †gŠwjK ag© wek¦v‡mi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Aa¨vq|
`ya, gv‡qi `ya GgbwK cvwbI nvivg nIqv hyw³m½Z; KviY ¸i“Z¡c~Y© GRb¨ †h, AvqvZwUi mwVK Zvrch© Abyave‡b f‚j
G¸wj ïK‡ii †c‡UI i‡q‡Q Ges Dnvi nv¸-wcwc, k¦vm- Ki‡j hveZxq ag©-Kg,© Bn-ciKvj ee©vZ nIqvi
cÖk¦vm AvKvk-evZvm,cvwb-gvwU‡Z wg‡k Av‡Q| Ggb AvksKv|
G‡Z Dwj−wLZ Ôwi¾vjybÕ I ÔLvZvgÕ kãØq weZ‡K©i cÖavb
ˆeÁvwbK m~² wePvi- e¨e¯’vq Kvevi gvwU Avi RgR‡gi welqe¯‘| ÔivRyjybÕGi eûePb Ôwi¾vjybÕ A_© cyi“l(MY) ev
cvwbI ïK‡ii †jwQw_Y, †MjvwUY Aegy³ bq! Avi GLv‡bB gvbyl(MY);kãwUi A_© †Kn cyi“l Avevi †Kn gvbyl wnmv‡e
†kl bq ïKiwUi k¦vm cÖk¦v‡m †mŠi RMr bvcvK n‡q Av‡Q; MÖnY Ki‡j weZ‡K©i myPbv nq| kãwUi A_© gvbyl wnmv‡e
145

hviv MÖnY K‡i‡Qb; Zv‡`i wek¦vm gynv¤§` [mv] cÖK…Zc‡¶ [`ª: jvjY kv‡ni gigx `k©b; †gv: †mvjvqgvb Avjx
†Kvb gvbyl bb,eis gvbyl †e‡k ¯^qs Avj−vn! Zuvi Rb¥-g„Zz¨ miKvi, c„: 202]
GKUv Abyôvb gvÎ| 2. nhiZ Av`g (mv) M›`g dj LvIqvi Aciv‡a Avj−vni
AweKj wek¦vm †eŠ×, wLª÷vb I wn›`y‡`i g‡a¨I cÖPwjZ `iev‡i †mR`vq jywU‡q c‡ob| AZtci gv_v Zz‡jB
Av‡Q| ‡hgb: whï‡K A‡b‡K Ômvb Ae MWÕ Avevi †KD †`L‡jb Avj−vni Avi‡ki Mv‡q †jLv, ÒjvBjvnv
ÔMWÕ e‡jI wek¦vm K‡ib| ‡eŠ×MY eyׇK fMevb fv‡eb; Bj−vj−vn gynv¤§v`yi ivQyjvj−vn|Ó Av`g H bv‡gi inm¨
wn›`yMY Zv‡`i †`eZv-AeZvi‡K fMevbI fv‡eb| Rvb‡Z PvB‡j, Avj−vn Avðh©¨ n‡q wRÁvmv Ki‡jb,
gymwjg we‡k¦i kxqv, mybxœ, Invex, nvbvdx, kv‡dC, nv‡¤^jx, Ò†n Av`g! Zzwg G bvg †Kv_v †_‡K wkL‡j?Ó Av`g
gv‡jKx, Avn&gw`qv, BZ¨vw` `j Dc-`j¸wj ¯^-¯^ e„‡Ë ej‡jb, ÒAvcbvi Avi‡ki Mv‡q †jLv †`‡LwQ|Ó
†_‡KB mw¤§wjZfv‡e cybivq cÖavb `yÕwU `‡j wef³: K) AZtci Avj−vn ej‡jb, ÒZzwg wVKB †`‡LQ Ges
kwiqZ L) gv‡idZ| wVKB e‡jQ; ‡gvnv¤§` (mv) Avgvi me‡P‡q wcÖq ev›`v,
K‡jgv, bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ I RvKvZ BZ¨vw` mewKQy m„wói c~‡e© me© cÖ_g Avwg gyn¤§`‡K (mv) m„wó
AvbyôvwbKZvq hviv wek¦vmx Zv‡`i‡K cÖavbZ kwiqZx e‡j; K‡iwQ; AZtci ZviB b~‡i wek¦ eª¤§vÛ m„wó K‡iwQ|
H ¸wj e¨wZ‡i‡K hviv a¨vb-wRwK‡i wek¦vmx Zv‡`i ‡gvnv¤§`‡K [mv] m„wó bv Ki‡j Avwg wKQyB m„wó
cÖavbZt gv‡idvZx e‡j| KiZvg bv| Zv‡K cvVv‡ev me©‡k‡l|Ó AZtci
gv‡idvwZMY Ges kwiq‡Zi A‡bK As‡ki wek¦vm †h, Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ (mv) bv‡gi †`vnvB w`‡q Avj−vni Kv‡Q
Ô‡gvnv¤§` (mv)Õ Avm‡jB gvbyl bb| G `yÕwU `‡ji gZev` ¶gv PvB‡j Avj−vn e‡jb, ÒwVK Av‡Q Avgvi nvwe‡ei
Ges a¨vb-aviYv ci¯úi we‡ivax ev wecixZgyLx n‡jI (†`v¯—) †`vnvB w`‡q Zzwg hLb ¶gv PvB‡j, ZLb Avwg
Zv‡`i wek¦vm¸wj H GKB †Qnv‡QËv Ges H GKB †Qnv †Zvgv‡K ¶gv Kijvg...Ó| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`, 5g
LvgQvi Dci wbf©ikxj| Zv‡`i H wek¦vm¸wji ¯^-c‡¶i LÛ, AvwR. nK ;c„: 5-7]|
wKQy D‡j−L‡hvM¨ aviv wb‡æ cÖ`Ë¡ n‡jv: 3. Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ AvDqvj, Av‡Li Rv‡ni, I ev‡Zb| A_©:
1. RMZ m„wói A‡bK c~‡e© [KZ c~‡e©! Zvi wnmveI †bB, Avw`‡Z †gvnv¤§` I A‡š— †gvnv¤§`; e¨³ †gvnv¤§` I
AbygvbI †bB-‡jLK] Avj−vn ‡gvnv¤§`‡K [mv] m„wó Ae¨³ †gvnv¤§` ; g‡a¨ †gvnv¤§` Ges Zv‡`i mevB
K‡i 7g AvKv‡k gqyi K‡i iv‡Lb| gqy‡ii gyKzUwU †gvnv¤§`| [`ª: Zdwm‡i †Kvivbyj Kwig; m`i DwÏb
nhiZ Avjx; gqy‡ii Mjvi nvi wewe dv‡Zgv Ges `yB Avn&g` wPkZx; c„: 12]
Kv‡bi jwZ `yÕwU nhiZ nvmvb I †nv‡m‡bi bgybv ; 4. GK`v wewe Avqkv [iv] †Ljv”Q‡j MvgQvi `yB cÖvš—
Gbviv cvK-cvÄvZb bv‡gI cÖwm×| [`ª: kxqv ev a‡i gnvbex‡K gv‡S †i‡L wb‡Ri w`‡K †U‡b Avb‡Z
gv‡idvwZ‡`i mvnvh¨ wbb|] AZtci jvjb kvnÕi GKUz †M‡j ïay MvgQvB P‡j Av‡m| gnvbex †hLv‡b wQ‡jb,
e¨wZµg `k©b †`Lyb: wVK †mLv‡bB `uvwo‡q iB‡jb| [`ª: nvw`‡m ivQyj:
cvK cvÄvZ‡b bexRx Pvi †hv‡M nBj D`q Avjx nvq`i; 1g cÖKvk]
GK m‡½‡Z cuvPwU Zviv _v‡K †mB AvKv‡ki Mvq| 5. fi w`b`ycy‡i gy³vKv‡ki c‡_ nuvUv-Pjvq Rx‡ei gZ
nvmvb †nv‡mb Kv‡bi evwj, ivQy‡ji †Kvb Qvqv co‡Zv bv| :[`ª: nvw`‡m ivQyj:
Mjvq nvi nq nhiZ Avjx Avjx nvq`i; 1g cÖKvk]
†Q‡ii gyKzU nhiZ ivQyj 6. gnvbexi AgvbywlK †hŠb kw³ wQj| GKB iv‡Z ev w`‡b
gvSLv‡b‡Z dv‡Zgv iq| [ga¨eZ©x diR †Mvmj e¨wZ‡i‡K] 9/11 Rb wewei
146

mwnZ msMg Ki‡Zb, hv c„w_exi gvby‡li c‡¶ m¤¢e c¶vš—‡i weeZ©bev‡`i gnv Av‡jg nhiZ WviDBb‡K
b‡n| GgbwK 30 Rb wewei m‡½ ci ci †hŠb wgjb Kv‡di e‡j †NvlYv K‡ib|
Kivi ¶gZv wQj| [`ª: †evLvix e½vbyev`, 1g LÛ, N. cvK A_© cweÎ, cvÄv A_© cuvP (5) Zb& A_© †`n; cvK
kvqL AvwR. nK, c„: 145] cuvÄvZb ej‡Z 5 Rb cweÎ †`navix Ges Zuviv n‡jb
7. m‡e©vcwi: AvqvZwU‡ZB †jLv Av‡Q †h, †gvnv¤§` (mv) h_vµ‡g: gyn¤§` (mv), Avjx (iv), dv‡Zgv (iv), nvmvb
†Kvb gvby‡li wcZv bb| I †nv‡mb (iv)| GB cuvÄvZb KwgwUi c‡i Zv‡`i
cyi“l wnmv‡e hviv wek¦vm K‡ib Zv‡`i hyw³ n‡jv: Avevi 14 gvQy‡gi Avi GKwU eskwfwËK Dc-KwgwUI
8. gnvbexi †Q‡j-mš—vb ˆkk‡eB gviv hvb| eZ©gv‡b Av‡Q| aviYvwUi aviK I evnK cÖavbZt kxqv‡`i;
Zuvi esk i¶vi Rb¨ †Kvb cyi“l mš—vb †bB; ZvB mybœx‡`iI A‡b‡Ki wek¦vm, wKš‘ ZvB e‡j Rb¥ †_‡KB
wZwb †Kvb cyi“‡li wcZv bb| [`ª: †Kvivbyj Kixg, nhiZ Cmv bex, ag© Z_v mKj bexi wcZv nhiZ
BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb; dzU‡bvU bs-574] Beªvwngmn AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj, huv‡`i‡K GgbwK Kw_Z
9. gnvbexi cvjK cyÎ hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK †`qv wewe‡K cuvÄvZ‡bi cÖavb nhiZ gyn¤§` [mt] ¯^qs Zv‡`iB
[Rqbe] gnvbex we‡q Kivq Zrmgv‡R cÖPÛ weZ‡K©i D¤§Z, Zv‡`iB cÖYxZ weavb [QybœZ] wZwb ms¯‹vi I
m„wó nq; ZvB Zv LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ Avj−vn AvqvZ bvwRj cyY©envj K‡i‡Qb, A_P Zviv cvÄvZb KwgwUi m`m¨
K‡ib †h, Ò†gvnv¤§` (mv) †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb nIqvi Dchy³ wQ‡jb bv! Ggb `k©Y wek¦vm A‡hŠw³K|
cyi“‡li [A_©vr hv‡q‡`i] wcZv bb|Ó [`ª: 33: ZvQvov cÖK…Z `i‡ek, MvDQ-KzZze Avgv‡`i ¸i“MY
AvnRve-37, 38] cvK-Zb& bv n‡j ev bv n‡Z cvi‡j! †Kvivb AbymiY
D‡j−L‡hvM¨ aviv¸wji ch©v‡jvPbv K‡i hw` mvaviY gvbyl cvK-cweÎ bv n‡Z cv‡i Z‡e
K. AvqvZwUi Abyev` m~²fv‡e cybt j¶¨ Ki‡j cvVK †Kviv‡bi g~j¨vqY I ag©-Kg© GLv‡bB dzwi‡q hvq|
gvÎB nZevK n‡eb †h, †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) cwiPq w`‡Z O. Dc‡ivwj−wLZ 2 bs avivwU mv¶x †`q †h, Av`g hv
wM‡q AvqvZwUi cÖavb `yÕwU As‡ki G‡Ki m‡½ A‡b¨i Rvb‡Zb Avj−vn Zv Rvb‡Zb bv, Av`g hv †`‡L‡Qb
†KvbB mvgÄm¨ †bB; A_©vr Ô‡gvnv¤§` cyi“‡li/gvby‡li Avj−vn Zv ‡`‡LI †`‡Lb wb ; ÔAv`g wKfv‡e Rvb‡jv!Õ
wcZv bb wKš‘ Avj−vni ivQyj I †kl bexÕ Abyev`wU Zvi gv‡b Av`g Ab¨ †Kvb Avj−vni KvQ †_‡K Rvb‡jv!
w`‡q g~jZt wK eySv‡Z Pv‡”Qb Zv ¯úó bq; KviY wZwb GB wPš—v K‡i Avj−vn gvby‡li gZ Zv¾e n‡q‡Qb
gvbyl ev cyi“‡li wcZv n‡j wK Ôbex-ivQyj ev †kl A_ev Avj−vn †R‡bI bv Rvbvi fvb& K‡i‡Qb BZ¨vw`!
bexÕ n‡Z cvi‡Zb bv!! Avj−vn m¤^‡Ü GB D™¢U, ee©i a¨vb-aviYv cÖK…Z
L. †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i, Òû Aj AvDqvjy, Aj AvwLi“, Ávbx‡`i ag© wek¦v‡m nZvk K‡i‡Q| nhiZ Av`g‡K
A¾vwni“, Aj evwZby AûA weKz‡j− kvBqxb Avjxg"| Zvi M›`g f¶‡Yi Aciva [bvix m½g] hw` ¶gvB
[57:nvw``-3] A_©: wZwbB Avw`, wZwbB Aš—, wZwbB Ki‡Zb Z‡e wZwb †e‡n‡¯—B _vK‡Zb ; ¶gv K‡ib wb
e¨³, wZwbB ¸ß Ges wZwbB me©gq me©Á| AZGe e‡jB Aciv‡ai kvw¯—¯^iƒc `ywbqv bvgK †`vh‡L
AvqvZwU 3 bs avivi m¤ú~Y© wecwiZ| wb‡¶c K‡i‡Qb| AZGe †m iƒcK AvqvZwU cybt
M. RMr m„wói c~‡e© gyn¤§`‡K (mv) cï-c¶x A_©vr gqyi M‡elYvi `vex iv‡L|
evwb‡q ivLv, GKRb bexi Rb¨ eoB Acgv‡bi welq P. c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, gnvbex †QvU‡ejv †_‡KB
e‡U! ïay wZwbB bb eis Zvi cwievi ï× mKj‡KB P‚ovš— f`ª, mr, Av`k©, wb‡j©vf, c`©vbkxj, wKš‘
gv‡idvZx cï †_‡K AvMZ e‡j mve¨¯— K‡i‡Qb! bxwZ‡Z wQ‡jb APj, AUj| Ggb P‚ovš— Av`k©evb,
147

i¶Ykxj gnvcyi“l w`‡b-iv‡Z KLb, KZRb wewei GgbwK Agymwjg‡`iI ARvbv wQj bv; Avi G wb‡q
m‡½ m½g Ki‡Zb Zv Qvnvev‡`i ¯^P‡¶ †`Lv ev †Kvb weZK©I nq wb| weZK© n‡qwQj hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK
†kvbvi K_vB bq; wRÁvmv Kivi a„ôZv Kv‡iv _vKvi †`qv wewe Rqbe‡K wb‡q| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ cvjK cy‡Îi
K_v bq! ZvjvK †`qv wewe‡K cvjK evevi we‡q cÖ_v AZxZ
Kw_Z nq gnvbexi 13 Rb wewe wQ‡jb A_P 30 Rb MÖ‡š’ ¯^xK…Z wQj Ges Zv ¯^vfvweK e‡jB †Kvivb mv¶x
wewei m‡½ ci ci †hŠb wgj‡b m¶g wQ‡jb! BZ¨vw` †`q| KviY i‡³i m¤úK©nxY WvK mš—v‡bi ZvjvK †`qv
†Mvcbxq welq †evLvixMY wKfv‡e wbwðr n‡jb!! cyZ- bvix‡K mvavibZt we‡q Ki‡Z cv‡i| wKš‘ we‡ivax
cweÎ bexi bv‡g cÖKv‡k¨ eB cy¯—‡K RNb¨ wg_¨v ‡cŠËwjKMY Bnv‡K GKwU Bmy wnmv‡e e¨envi K‡ib|
Acev` Avi KZKvj Kw_Z Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY cÖPvi hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK †`qv wewe Rqbe‡K we‡q Kivq
Ki‡eb! Avi KZ KvjB ev cÖK…Z avwg©KMY mn¨ Zrmgv‡R hLb weZ‡K©i †Rvqvi eq, ZLb Zv LÛv‡bvi
Ki‡eb! Rb¨ wbæ AvqvZwU wbLuyZ Ges P‚ovš—fv‡e dqmvjv †`q:
†hŠb ej&B hw` Avj−v‡Z¡i gvcKvwV nq Z‡e kªxK…‡òi, Ò¯§iY Ki! hLb Zzwg †mB e¨w³‡K, hv‡K Avj−vn AbyMÖn
†Qvjvqgv‡bi kZ/nvRvi †Mvcx wQj e‡j Kw_Z nq ; K‡iwQ‡jb Ges ZzwgI AbyMÖn K‡iwQ‡j; ejwQ‡j: ÔZzwg
Zv‡`i‡K kwiqZ-gv‡idZ †Kvb Avm‡b emv‡jb! †Zvgvi ¯¿x‡K wb‡Ri Kv‡Q ivL (ZvjvK w`I bv) Ges
Av‡gwiKvi †hŠb mgªvU giûg fMevb iRbxk‡K Zviv Avj−vn‡K fq Ki,Õ Ges Zzwg wbR Aš—‡i hv †Mvcb
wK †Pv‡L †`‡Lb! KiwQ‡j Avj−vn Dnv cÖKvk K‡i w`‡jb Ges Zzwg gvbyl‡K
Q. †Q‡j †nvK, †g‡q †nvK, Avi AvuZz‡oB gviv hvK wK fq KiwQ‡j, A_P Avj−vn‡KB †Zvgvi AwaK fq Kiv
†eu‡P _vK! wkï fzwgô nIqv gvÎB GgbwK g„Z fzwgô DwPr| AZtci hv‡q` hLb Zvi m¤^‡Ü (ZvjvK) B”Qv c~Y©
n‡jI Rb¥ `vZv wcZv †LZvewU iwnZ nIqv ev gy‡Q Ki‡jv ZLb Avgiv †Zvgvi m‡½ Zvi we‡q w`jvg, †hb
†djvi hyw³ ev ¶gZv we‡k¦i Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨ Zv‡`i †cvl¨cyÎM‡Yi ¯¿x‡`i e¨vcv‡i
ARvbv †bB| hLb Zviv Zv‡`i m¤^‡Ü (ZvjvK) B”Qv c~Y© K‡i, ZLb
R. ÔwcZvÕ †m cyi“‡li †nvK wK †g‡qiB †nvK wcZv †m (Zv‡`i we‡q Ki‡Z) †Kvb ms‡KvP bv nq Ges Avj−vni
wcZvB| cyi“‡li wcZv ev †g‡qi wcZv e‡j cv_©K¨ dqmvjv c~Y© nIqv AeavwiZ wQj|
Kivi wcQ‡b †Kvb Ava¨vwZ¡KZv ev ¸i“ inm¨ wbwnZ Avj−vni Av‡`k Kvh©Kix n‡qB _v‡K| Avj−vn bexi Rb¨ hv
Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| wewae× K‡i‡Qb Zv cvjb Ki‡Z Zvi Rb¨ †Kvb evav
S. Zv¾‡ei K_v: gyn¤§` [mt] †Kvb gvby‡li ev cyi“‡li †bB| c~‡e© †h me bex MZ n‡q‡Qb, Zv‡`i †¶‡ÎI wQj
wcZv m¤^‡Ü †Nvi gZwe‡iva _vK‡jI Ôgyn¤§` †Kvb GB GKB mybœZ [weavb]| Avj−vni mybœv‡Z [weav‡b] KLbI
bvix-cyi“‡li mš—vbÕ G‡Z Kv‡iv m‡›`n ev weZK© †bB! †Kvb cwieZ©b cv‡e bv|Ó [`ª: 33:AvnRve: 37,38]
T. gyjZt gnvbex bvix-cyi“l Df‡qiB wcZv| 5 †Q‡j: hv‡q‡`i ZvjvK †`qv wewe‡K wb‡q †h weZ‡K©i m„wó
Kv‡mg, ˆZqe, Zv‡ni, Beªvwng, Avãyj−vn; 4 †g‡q: n‡qwQj Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z mnR, mij Ges P‚ovš—fv‡eB
Rqbe, Kzjmyg, i“KvBqv I dv‡Zgv †gvU 9 Rb †Q‡j- mgvavb w`‡q‡Q| AZtci wVK Zvi `yÕwU AvqvZ c‡iB
†g‡qi wcZv wQ‡jb| [`ª: †e‡nkZx †RIi, 6ô A_©vr Av‡jvP¨ 40 bs Avqv‡Z `y‡f©`¨ I m‡›`nRbKfv‡e H
L.c„:651 Avkivd Avjx _vbwf] GKB welqwU cybi“Ìvcb hyw³m½Z g‡b nq bv|
U. gnvbex hv‡q‡`i wcZv wQ‡jb bv| hv‡q` wQj Zuvi V. c~‡e©B ewY©Z n‡q‡Q †h, weZ‡K©i g~j welqe¯‘ wcZv-
cvjK cyÎ; Bnv Qvnvev Ges ïay †gvm‡jMYB bb, cyÎ cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨ bq eis cvjK cy‡Îi ZvjvK †`qv
148

wewe‡K we‡q Kivi ‰eaZvi cÖ‡kœ| AZGe, G¶‡Y Ajv wKi ivQywjj−vwn A LvZvgvbœvexb| A_©: Ges wZwb wKš‘
Ô†gvnv¤§` †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb gvby‡li wcZv ev †Kvb Avj−vni ivQyj Ges bex‡`i wmj&/ †kl bex|
cyi“‡li wcZv b‡nb|Õ `k©YØq wbLuyZ m‡›`nRbK Ges Aviex ÔLvZvgÕ k‡ãi A_©: †gvni, wmj&, ó¨v¤ú, `vM, wPý
Zvi ZdwQi e¨vL¨vI ¯^fveZB m‡›`nRbK e‡j g‡b ev cÖZxK| Avw`Kvj †_‡K A`¨vewa Aviex we‡k¦ GB A‡_©B
nq| e¨eüZ n‡q Avm‡Q| †Kviv‡bi hZ ¯’v‡b kãwU e¨eüZ
gynv¤§` [mv] Aek¨ Aek¨B bvix I cyi“l Df‡qiB wcZv Ges n‡q‡Q wVK ZZ ¯’v‡bB H GKB Ôwmj&Õ A_©B M„nxZ n‡q‡Q|
bvix-cyi“l Df‡qiB mš—vb| Kv‡iv mš—vb, Kv‡iv evc, Dvj−wLZ Avqv‡Z AwaKvsk Bs‡iwR Abyev‡`I Ôwmj&Õ MÖnY
Kv‡iv eÜz-evÜe Ges Kv‡iv wcZvgn| A_©vr gvbyl wnmv‡e Kiv n‡q‡Q; c¶vš—‡i wKQy dviwm, D`©y, evsjv Abyev‡`
mvaviY; bex wnmv‡e AmvaviY| A_©vr mvavi‡Yi AZzjbxq| Ô†klÕ A_©wU MÖnY K‡i‡Qb| Aciw`‡K mK‡jB gb-
wbæ AvqvZ¸wj GB fveaviviB mg_©b †hvMv‡”Q: gM‡R, e¨vL¨v cÖPv‡i Ô†kl bexÕ wnmv‡eB ¯^xKvi K‡i
1. Avi Avwg‡Zv GKRb gvbyl Ges ivQyj Qvov Ab¨ wKQy wb‡q‡Qb| GKgvÎ Avng`xqvMY Qvov, Z‡e Zv‡`i aviYvI
bB| [17:ewb-BmªvBj- 93] wfbœ `„wó †KvY ‡_‡K weZwK©Z e‡U!
2. ej! Avwg‡Zv †Zvgv‡`iB gZ GKRb gvbyl| †Kviv‡b ÔLZgÕ k‡ãi e¨envi j¶¨Yxq:
[18:Kvn&d- 110] 1. Avj−vn Zv‡`i ü`q, KY© I †Pv‡L Ôwmj&Õ K‡i
3. gynv¤§` GKRb ivQyj gvÎ| Zvi c~‡e© eû ivQyj gviv w`‡q‡Qb ; myZivs Zv‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q KwVb kvw¯—|
wM‡q‡Qb--| [3: Ggivb-144] [2:evKviv-7]
4. BmgvBj, Bqvmv, BDbym I jyZ, G‡`i‡KI mviv 2. Dnviv wK e‡j †h, †m Avj−vn m¤ú‡K© wg_¨v iPbv
Rvnv‡bi g‡a¨ †kªô‡Z¡i AwaKvix K‡iwQjvg| Zv‡`i K‡i! hw` ZvB n‡Zv Z‡e, Avj−vn †Zvgvi Aš—‡i
g‡a¨ Kvi“i wcZv, Kvi“i mš—vb, Kvi“i fvB‡`i g‡a¨ ÔwmjÕ& K‡i w`‡Zb|[ 42:ïiv-24]
†_‡K Zv‡`i‡K †kªô m¤§v‡bi AwaKvix K‡iwQ; mZ¨ 3. AvR Zv‡`i gy‡L Ôwmj&Õ& K‡i w`‡q‡Q|
mbvZb c‡_ GwM‡q w`‡qwQ| [6: AvbAvg-86-87] [36:Bqvwmb-65]
Dwj−wLZ fveavivUvB A_©vr ev¯—eZvUvB weZwK©Z Avqv‡Z 4. Ges †Zvgv‡`i Aš—i ÔwmjÕ& K‡i †`b--|
†Rvi w`‡q, ب_©nxb K‡Ú †NvlYv Kiv n‡q‡Q †h, Ògynv¤§` [6:AvbAvg-46]
wK †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡iv wcZv b‡nb?Ó A_©vr Ôgyn¤§` wK 5. Ges Zv‡`i Kvb I ü`‡q Ôwmj&Õ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb Ges
†Zvgv‡`i gZB GKRb gvbyl b‡nb?Õ Aviex ÔgvÕ k‡ãi †Pv‡L w`‡q‡Qb cÖ‡jc| [45:RvwQqv-23]
A_© ÔwK?Õ bv?; A_©vr cÖkœ‡evaK Ôbv?Õ myPK Ônu¨v?Õ 6. Zvnvw`M‡K ÔwmjÕ& Kiv weï× cvwbq cvb Kiv‡bv
A_©‡evaK Ae¨q| [†`Lyb: K.AvaywbK Aviex-evsjv n‡e| [83:gyZvdwdwdb-25]
Awfavb; gv. gywnDwÏb Lvb; L.Aviwe-BsivRx wWK‡mbvix; Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj‡Z cwi¯‹vi-cwi”Qbœfv‡e Av‡jvP¨
†R,Gb KvDqvb]| †hgb: ÔLZgÕ kãwU Ôwmj&Õ wnmv‡eB e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q| Gev‡i
1. Avwg wK m`m¨ bB? 2. †m wK n¾ K‡i wb? 3. gv wm‡ji cwie‡Z© Ô‡klÕ kãwU ewm‡q ÔLZgÕ Gi g~jv_©,
BQgyKv A_©: †Zvgvi bvg wK? BZ¨vw`| PwiÎ I ˆewkó AwZ mn‡RB D×vi K‡i wbwðr nIqv †h‡Z
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, AvqvZwUi cÖPwjZ kwiqZx Abyev` I cv‡i|
e¨vL¨vi ¯^c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi GKwU gvÎ AvqvZI Dc¯’vcb Avš—R©vwZK L¨vwZ m¤úbœ Avj−vgv BDmyd Avjxi Abyev`wU
Ki‡Z Kw®§bKv‡jI †KD m¶g n‡eb e‡j g‡b nq bv| j¶¨Yxq:
AvqvZwUi wØZxq ev †kl Ask: Muhammad is not the father of any of your men,
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but the Messenger of Allah. `And the Seal of the BZ¨vw` KvíwbK ev‡K¨i e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY K‡i‡Qb gvÎ ;
Prophets.’ And Allah has full knowledge of all hv Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi av‡i Kv‡QI †bB! wKš‘ Ggb
things. [Ahzab: 40] A‡bK bex wQ‡jb, hv‡`i †Kvb †KZveB wQj bv ;
Abyev`: gyn¤§` [mv] †Zvgv‡`i ga¨Kvi †Kvb gvby‡li wcZv GgbwK Zviv †h bex wQ‡jb Zv cÖavbZt Avj−vn Qvov
b‡nb| wZwb Avj−vni msev`evnK Ges bex‡`i wmj&| †Kn Rvb‡ZbI bv| Ggb mv¶x cÖgvY †Kviv‡bB
Avj−vn me© welq me©ÁvZv| i‡q‡Q|
Rbve BDmyd Avjxi gZ& I wek¦vm nvw`m †dKnv wfwËK 3. `wjj ev wPwV c‡Î wmj& †`qvi g~j I cÖavb D‡Ïk¨
m‡Z¡I ÔLvZvgÕ k‡ãi A_© Ô†klÕ wnmv‡e MªnY Ki‡Z mvnmx `wjjwU †kl n‡q hvIqvi cÖZxK bq ev `wjjwUi
nbwb ev hyw³ Luy‡R cvbwb| wKš‘ Zvi e¨vL¨vq †kl bex c~Y©ZviI mv¶x enb K‡i bv; KviY `wj‡ji cÖ‡Z¨KwU
cªgv‡Yi Rb¨ †Póvi Kmyi K‡ib wb| Zvi wbæ e¨vL¨vwU Am¤ú~Y© c„ôvqB GKB iKg Ôwmj&Õ _v‡K; myZivs
j¶¨Yxq: `wjjwU bKj bq, wg_¨v bq; Dchy³ ev wbw`©ó Awdm
When a document is sealed, it is Complete. And there KZ©„K Bmy¨K…Z wb‡f©Rvj Ges mZ¨vmZ¨ I ¯^‡Ë¡i
can be no further addition. The Holy Prophet cÖZxKB Ôwmj;Õ Ggb `k©b I Ávb-¸‡Yi wePv‡i
Muhammad closed the long line of Messengers. Ôm‡›`nnxYÕ ev ÔwbLuyZÕ kã e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i|
Allah’s teaching is and will always be Continuous, but 4. `wjj c~Y© wK Ac~Y©, †kl wK ïi“, Zv `wj‡ji g‡a¨B
there has been and will be no Prophet after wek`fv‡e †jLv _v‡K|
Muhammad. The later ages will want Thinkers and 5. gvwjK hZw`b _vK‡eb, AwdmI ZZw`b _vK‡e;
Reformers, not Prophet- [Ref: Quran: Arabic-English. AZtci cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a c~e©er GKwUi ci GKwU
By: Abdullah Yusuf Ali. Foot note no... 3731] AbeiZ `wjj ev wPwV Bmy¨ n‡ZB _vK‡e Ges wbLuyZ
Abyev`: hLb †Kvb `wj‡j wmj& †`qv nq ZLbB Bnv mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖZxK ¯^iƒc Zv‡Z cwiwPwZi H ÔwmjÕwUI
cwic~Y©Zv jvf K‡i| AZtci Dnv‡Z Avi †Kvb ms‡hvRb _vK‡e|
P‡j bv| cyZ cweÎ bex gyn¤§` msev`evn‡Ki `xN© mywÎZv 6. bex-ivQyj g‡bvbq‡bi wPimywÎZv ïi“-eÜ Kivi
eÜ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| Avj−vni wk¶v AweiZ Pj‡Z _vK‡e| ¶gZv bex-ivQyj‡`i `vwqZ¡ I KZ©‡e¨i Aš—f©~³ bq|
wKš‘ gyn¤§‡`i c‡i Avi †Kvb bex n‡e bv| cieZ©x hy‡M 7. wZwb wj‡L‡Qb, Ôms¯‹viKÕ Avm‡Z _vK‡eb| cÖavbZt
wPš—vwe` Ges ms¯‹vi‡Ki `iKvi n‡e wKš‘ bex bq--| bex-ivQyj Qvov ag© ms¯‹v‡ii ¶gZv Ab¨ Kv‡iv †bB|
ag© wcZv nhiZ Beªvwng [mv] wbw`©ó wbqgvZvwš¿K ev
e¨vL¨vwUi ch©v‡jvPbv MVbZvwš¿K a‡g©i cÖeZ©K; GRb¨ Zv‡K †Kviv‡b ag©
1. Rbve BDmyd Avjxi gš—e¨wU GZ kw³kvjx! co‡j g‡b wcZv e‡j D‡j−L Av‡Q| Ges cieZ©x mKj bex-
nq †hb wZwb mivmwi Avj−vni wb‡`©k †c‡q wbwðZ ivQyjB ZviB cÖewZ©Z a‡g©i ms¯‹viK Z_v cÖeZ©K
n‡qB gš—e¨wU K‡i‡Qb| KviY: Dnv Zvi wbR¯^ gZ& ev bex-ivQyj| cieZ©x †Kvb bexB bZzb wKQy wb‡q Av‡mb
avi Kiv! Ggb AvKvi Bw½Z ev Ab¨ Kv‡iv myÎ wb; bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ I RvKvZ Beªvwng †_‡KB
‡mLv‡b †bB! AvbyôvwbK e¨wZµg †f‡` mKj RvwZi g‡a¨ AvRI
2. ÔLvZvgvbœvexbÕ evK¨wUB weZ‡K©i g~j I cÖavb weØgvb Ges hvi mv¶x cÖgvY †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq
welqe¯‘| wKš‘y wZwb AÁvZ Kvi‡Y Zv Gwo‡q wM‡q eis ewY©Z Av‡Q| AZGe Avj−vgv BDQyd Avjxi gš—e¨wU
ÔLvZvgv`& `wjj, ÔLvZvgvj AwnÕ ev ÔLvZvgvj †KZveÕ A`~i`wk©Zvi ¯^v¶i enb K‡i; ïay ZvBB bq eis ¯^
150

we‡ivax e‡jB mve¨¯— nq| gvÎ | [53:bvRg-56] [G m¤^‡Ü cÖPzi AvqvZ i‡q‡Q]|
8. †Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU evK¨ GK GKwU c~Y© A_©‡evaK AZGe G¶‡Y AvqvZwUi mnR I mij A_© nIqv DwPr:
evK¨; †h †Kvb ev‡K¨i ‰ewkó¨I ZvB| wKš‘ And the Ògyn¤§` wK †Zvgv‡`i Kv‡iv wcZv b‡nb? wKš‘ wZwb
Seal of the Prophets Ges bex‡`i wmj K_vUv c~Y© Dcv‡m¨i †cÖiYvcÖvß I ZvwjKvf~³/cÖwZkªyZ cÖZ¨vw`‡ói
A_©‡evaK evK¨ e‡j g‡b nq bv| KviY ÔGes bex‡`i GKRb BZ¨vw`| Ges DnvB AwaKZi hyw³m½Z|
wmj&Õ ej‡Z wK eySvq!Õ Avi ZvB e‡jB BDmyd Avjx cÖKvk _v‡K †h, AvqvZwUi cÖPwjZ Abyev`, e¨vL¨v-
mv‡ne Zvi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z eva¨ n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Am¤ú~Y© wek¦v‡mi ¯^c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi GKwU AvqvZI Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z
ev‡K¨i e¨vL¨v-we‡k−lY Z‡ZvwaK Am¤ú~Y© nIqvB Kw®§bKv‡jI †KD m¶g n‡eb e‡j g‡b nq bv|
¯^vfvweK e‡U! cÖ‡Z¨K bexiB byeyqvwZi cÖZxK ÔLZgÕ ev ÔwmjÕ& wQj;
9. Aviex‡Z cÖavbZt ÔLZgÕ A_©: Ôwmj&Õ Avi ÔLvjvQÕ A_© †hgb: nhiZ Beªvwn‡gi RyZv; by‡ni †bŠKv; `vD‡`i evukx;
†kl, hv AvRI Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ I mgv‡R cÖPwjZ; wKš‘ †Qvjvqgv‡bi AvswU; gyQvi jvwV; CQvi nvZ [eis Zvi
ÔLvjvQ ÕDwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z †bB; c¶vš—‡i dviwm, DÏ©y, m¤ú~Y© †`n‡gveviK]; K…‡òi jvwV [euvkx bq]; wk‡ei wÎïj;
wn›`x ev evsjv fvlvi ÔLZgÕ k‡ãi A_© Ô†klÕ n‡Z eªþvi RyZv; iv‡gi abyK; fi‡Zi Svo–; Qv‡j‡ni DU Ges
cv‡i Ges nvw`Q †jLKMY mK‡jB Aviex wkw¶Z Avj-Avgx‡bi AvswU BZ¨vw`| A_©vr mKj bexMYB
dviwm fvlvfvlx wQ‡jb| AZGe 3/4 fvlvi GKK wmj&W,gvK©vhy³ A_©vr ÔLvZvgvbœvexb|Õ
kãwUi my‡hv‡M Bwe−m m¤¢eZt Avgv‡`i‡K weåvš— cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Bs‡iwR Abyev‡` ÔLvZvgÕGi Abyev`
K‡i‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq| †Kv_vI `last’ K‡i‡Qb: last ej‡Z ended, no more,
10.ag© RM‡Z GB welqwU ‡kªóZg ¸i“Z¡c~Y© m‡Z¡I bex final, stopped ev Ô†klÕ bvI eySv‡Z cv‡i; †hgb: last
†kl, Avi bex Avm‡e bv, Awn, †KZve Avm‡e bv, hour, last year, last man BZ¨vw`| last ej‡Z next Gi
eÜ K‡i †`qv n‡jv BZ¨vw` cwi¯‹vi evbx †Kviv‡bi c~e©ve¯’vI eySvq| †`‡ki last †cÖwm‡W›U ej‡Z eZ©gvb ev
†Kv_vI mivmwi †Zv `y‡ii K_v! GgbwK Bw½Z ch©š—I Dcw¯’Z †cÖwm‡W›U‡KB eySvq|
†bB| AvqvZwUi kãv_©mn Abyev`:
g~jZt bexMY †h ev¯—weK c‡¶B Avj−vni g‡bvbxZ, kãv_©: gv= wK? bv?; Kvbv= AZxZ myPK, NUgvb AZxZ;
Aby‡gvw`Z, ¯^xK…Z, ZvwjKvf‚³ ; wb‡f©Rvj; bex †h †gvnv¤§v`= e¨w³; Avev= evev; Avn‡`g= Kv‡iv; wgb=
bex‡`i `jfz³ Ges wZwb wg_¨v bb, bKj ev fÛ bb eis nÕ‡Z, g‡a¨, †_‡K; wi¾vj= gvbyl, gvbylMY, cyi“l,
ÔwbLuyZÕ ZviB mZ¨vm‡Z¨i cÖZxK GB Ôwmj&Õ| A_©vr: cyi“lMY; K¡zg=†Zvgiv, †Zvgv‡`i; A= Ges, myZivs,
Authorised, Registered, Recognized, Identified, AZGe; jvwKb=wKš‘,eis,myZivs,c¶vš—‡i; ivQyj=
Affilitiated, Enlisted; Ávb-¸YMZ †¶‡Î completed †cÖiYvcÖvß,fveev`x, ˆPZb¨avix; Avj−vn= †m,ARvbv,
c~Y©I ejv hvq; AZGe, And the seal of the Prophets bv n‡q Dcvm¨, cÖfy, me©bvgavix; A=Ges,myZivs,AZGe ; LvZvg=
eis And one of the sealed Prophets nIqvB AwaKZi wmj&, cÖZxK, `vM, wPý, gvK©v, cÖZ¨vwqZ, mZ¨vwqZ, Aš—
hyw³m½Z e‡U! f©~³ AZtci Ôwb¶zZÕ ejv hvq; bex,bvexb (bexb) = bZzb,
Abyev`wUi mg_©‡b bx‡Pi AvqvZ j¶¨Yxq Lei, PgK; fveev`x, fwel¨r e³v; cÖPwjZ Bmjvgx
K. Aek¨B Zzwg ivQyj‡`i Aš—f©~³/ Ab¨Zg ivQyj/ivQyj‡`i cwifvlvq: Avw`ó, cÖZ¨vw`ó|
g‡a¨ GKRb| [36:Bqvwmb-2] cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Aviex fvlv I e¨KiY Rvg©vb fvlvi †P‡qI
L. AZx‡Zi mZK©Kvix‡`i gZ BwbI GKRb mZK©Kvix ¯úl©KvZi, Kgwc−‡K‡UW Ges KLbI KLbI PvBbxR ev
151

Rvcvbx fvlvi gZB msw¶ß| N‡ii Zv‡Ki †Kvivb Avi jvI‡n gvndz‡Ri †Kvivb A_ev
e¨KiY g‡Z ÔgvÕ k‡ãi c‡iB wµqvePK kã _vK‡j ÔgvÕi gyL¯— †Kvivb A_ev ‡bB †Kvivb A_ev gvwb ev gvwb bv
A_© mvaviY ÔbvÕ ‡evaK A‡_©B M„nxZ nq Ges GiKg †Kvivb BZ¨vw`i djvdj mgvb| A_©vr cÖ‡qvM Qvov
D`vniY †Kviv‡b f~wi f~wi weØgvb _vK‡jI mKj †¶‡ÎB ¯^xKvi-A¯^xKvi ev wek¦vm -Awek¦v‡m †Zgb †Kvb cv_©K¨
Zv cÖ‡hvR¨ bq ! †hgb: Ggiv‡bi 144 bs Avqv‡Z ÔgvÕi _v‡K bv|
c‡iB wµqvevPK kã †bB; A_P wewfbœ Abyev‡` ÔgvÕ mKj bex-ivQyjB wQ‡jb Kv‡iv evc, åvZv, fvB, mš—vb,
kãwUi ‡Kv_vI ÔbvÕ Avevi †Kv_vI bv myPK Ônu¨Õ A‡_© m‡nv`i, eÜz-evÜe; ¯^vgx, kvjv-mb¥Üx; A_©vr Avgv‡`i
e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q: gZB gvbyl| Avgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB Ges Avgv‡`i Rb¨B;
A gv †gvnv¤§v`yb Bj−v ivQyjyb-[3:144] A_©: e¨wZµg ïay Zviv †cÖiYvcÖvß wKš‘ Avgiv Zv bB| Zuviv
1. gynv¤§` GKRb ivQyj gvÎ| (BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb) AmvaviY, Avgiv mvaviY; AZGe gnvcyi“lMY Kvi fvB!
2. gynv¤§` ivQyj Qvov Avi wKQyB bq| (gynv¤§` nvweeyi Kvi mš—vb! Kvi evc! †Kvb& es‡ki! †Kvb& Rv‡Zi! BZ¨vw`
ingvb) A‡nZzK Ges Aevš—i cÖkœ Zz‡j evK-weZÛv, SMov-dvQv`,
Dwj−wLZ Abyev‡`i fvev‡_© hw`I †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB ZeyI An¼vi, wnsmv, we‡Øl bv K‡i eis Avcb Avcb ¯^v‡_©B
Abyev` nIqv DwPr wQj: gynv¤§v` wK ivQyj Qvov/e¨ZxZ Ab¨ Zuv‡`i gvb¨ K‡i Pjv DwPr| Dwj−wLZ fveavivwUi c‡¶
wKQy? ÔgvÕ k‡ãi ÔwK? ev nu¨ myPK Ôbv? bq?Õ cÖkœ‡evaK †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq AZx‡Zi mg¯— bexi Av‡jv‡P¨
wPýwU e¨envi Ki‡j evK¨wU P¨v‡jÄ wnmv‡e cÖPÛ kw³kvjx mv¶x cÖgvY enb K‡i|
n‡Zv| ZeyI GLv‡b ÔgvÕi Abyev` mgv‡jvPbv wb®cÖ‡qvRb; ivQy‡ji Avg„Zz¨ ch©š— c¨vMb I Ab¨ ag©x‡`i me‡P‡q KwVY
wKš‘ Av‡jvP¨ 33:40 Avqv‡Zi ÔgvÕ k‡ãi Abyiƒc mvaviY I ¸i“Z¡c~Y© cªkœ wQj †h, ÔAgyK cvovi, Agy‡Ki †Q‡j
f~wgKv bq| A‡b‡Ki †P‡q wbæ mvaviY gvbylwU bex nj wK K‡i!Õ [`ª:
Aviwe e¨Ki‡Yi mvaviY e¨envi cÖavbZt ¯’vb, Kvj I 43: hyLi“L-30,31] GRb¨ cÖ‡kœi ci cÖ‡kœ ivQyj‡K
cv‡Îi DciB †ewk wbf©i K‡i| ZvÕQvov c~‡e©I ejv RR©wiZ K‡iwQ‡jb| AvRI we‡k¦i cÖvq wZb PZzivsk
n‡q‡Q †h, c`¨, KweZv ev fveev`x evK¨-mvwn‡Z¨ †jv‡Ki †mB GKB cÖkœ Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q| wKQy cÖkœ ms‡L‡c
e¨Ki‡Yi Pzj †Piv wnmve Ryi“ix bq| DØ„Z n‡jv:
`~i AZxZ †_‡KB †Zvgiv †`L‡Z cv‡”Qv †h, bex-ivQyj c~‡e© gyQv‡K †hgb cÖkœ K‡iwQj †ZvgivI wK †Zvgv‡`i
nIqv bZzb wKQy bq, A‡jŠwKK wKQyI bq| AZGe GB ivQyj‡K Abyiƒc cÖkœ Ki‡Z PvI? Avj−vn Avgv‡`i m‡½
gnvcyi“‡li Dci †Zvgv‡`i m‡›`n ev Awek¦vm Kivi †Kvb K_v e‡j bv †Kb? Avgv‡`i Dci Awn nq bv †Kb? Avj−vn
KviY ev hyw³ _vK‡Z cv‡i bv| †h‡nZz AZx‡Z wQj, †m‡nZz Avgvw`M‡K Ggb †Kvb ivQy‡ji Ici wek¦vm bv Ki‡Z e‡j
eZ©gv‡bI Av‡Q, †Z‡nZz fwel¨‡ZI _vK‡e Ges BnvB †i‡L‡Qb; hZ¶Y bv Avgv‡`i wbKU Ggb †Kvievbx wb‡q
cÖvK…wZK Z_v wPiš—b; Aek¨ Aek¨v¤¢vex| Av‡m hv‡K Av¸b MÖvm K‡i †b‡e? Zzwg Avgv‡`i Dci
fveevYx †Kvivb eyS‡Z AvK¡j Ávb LvUv‡bv 17:34 Avmgvb †_‡K wjwLZ wKZve AeZxY© KivI? Zvi Kv‡Q
Avqv‡Z KwVb wb‡`©k †`q Ges GRb¨ cÖ‡Z¨K‡K Reve w`wn †d‡ikZv †cÖiY Kiv nj bv †Kb? KLbIB gvb‡ev bv
Ki‡Z n‡e! Abyev`‡Ki †`vnvB †mLv‡b MÖnY‡hvM¨ n‡e bv| hZ¶Y ch©š— ‡Zvgvi gZ Avgv‡`i Dci Awn bvwRj nq?
GRb¨ 17:34 AvqvZwU ‡Kvivb †evSvi cÖavb PvweKvwV, Avgiv KLbI wek¦vm Ki‡ev bv †h ch©š— bv:
KvIQvi ev cikcv_i| ï× K‡i †ZjvIqvZ Kivi A_©B fyc„ô †_‡K Avgv‡`i Rb¨ GKwU SiYv cÖevwnZ Ki? GKwU
h_vh_ A_© Dcjwã Kiv Ges Z`vbyiƒc AbymiY bv Ki‡j †LRyi-Av½y‡ii evMvb Ki Zv‡Z Sibvmgyn cÖevwnZ Ki?
152

Avmgvb‡K LÛ-weLÛ K‡i †`LvI? Avj−vn I †d‡i¯—v‡K GZ ivM-Awfgvb ev AvcwËi KviY wK! G cÖ‡kœi DËi Avey
Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Avb? ‡Zvgvi Rb¨ †mvbvi ˆZix GKwU Ni †h‡nj Qvov Avi Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j ARvbv †bB|
Ki? Zzwg AvKv‡k Av‡ivnb K‡i †`LvI? AvKvk †_‡K †cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj n‡Ki evbx‡Z AvqvZwUi Abyev`:
GKwU †KZve wb‡q Avm BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| [`ª: 17: ewb- gv-Kv-bv †gvnv¤§v`yb Avev Ògnvcyi“l AvL¨vb gvÎ
BmªvBj-90-93; cÖf„wZ] Avnw`w¤§i wi¾vwjK¡zg †Kvb hy‡M Kw®§bKv‡j
G mKj Aevš—i cÖ‡kœi Dˇi ‡Kviv‡b Avj−vn evi evi †KnB cvbwb L¨vwZ D³
e‡jb †h, ÔivQy‡ji wbR¯^ A‡jŠwKK ¶gZv †bB, fyZ- Agy‡Ki ev‡c, Agy‡Ki cyÎ|
fwel¨r Rv‡bb bv; †Zvgv‡`i gZB gvbyl, Kv‡iv mš—vb, Ajv wKi ivQywjj−vnx ei wZwb nb gnvcyi“l
Kv‡iv evc, fvB, AvwZ¥q ¯^Rb; wKš‘ AZx‡Zi gZ AvgviB †cÖiYv‡K whwb iv‡L Zß
g‡bvwbZ m‡›`nvZxZ bex-ivQyj|Õ [`ª:6:AvbAvg-50; 10: Avj−vni †cÖiYv‡Z †cÖiYvcÖvß|
BDbym-49; 11: û`-31; 46: AvnKvd-9] mªóv m„‡ói †cÖiYv msNl©
Avw`Kvj †_‡K 14 kZ wnRixi c~e© ch©š—, mgv‡R †jvK dz‡U †ei nq †e‡M
gy‡L GKwU cÖwm× nvw`m cÖPwjZ wQj †h, Ò14 kZ wnRixi m„‡ói gy‡L ey`ey` m`„k
c‡i wK n‡e, bv n‡e Zv gnvbex Rvb‡Zb bv|Ó †Kb e¨³ nq m„‡ói wbR fv‡l
Rvb‡Zb bv! Zvi hyw³ †`Lv‡Zb †h, 14 kZ wnRixi c‡iB m„wói †miv mªóvi cvwÛZ¨:
Ô†KqvgZÕ N‡U hv‡e| AZGe †KqvgZ n‡q †M‡j bex G‡KB e‡j bvev‡q Gjvnx|
Avmvi Avi `iKviB ev wK! my‡hvMB ev †Kv_vq! myZivs hvi gy‡L dz‡U cÖKv‡k
wZwbB Ô†kl bexÕ wnmv‡e wek¦vm Kivi Vzb‡Kv hyw³ wQj wZwbB nb Z_vi bex|
e‡U! Avi GB Vzb‡Kv hyw³wUB Zv‡`i Kv‡Q cÖavb hyw³ A LvZvgvbœvexb fyw³ n‡q Avj−vni ¯^xK…wZ‡Z
wnmv‡e KvR K‡i‡Q| †Kb wZwb †kl bex! G cÖkœ I hyw³i c~e©eZ©x ZuviB bex‡`i †kªYx
cÖavb DËi Ô†KqvgZ n‡eÕ wØZxq DËi Ô‡Kvivb c~Y© n‡q Zv‡ZB wZwb nb LvZvgvbœvex|Ó
Avm‡Q, Avj−vni nv‡Z Avi wKQy †`qvi †bB|Õ wKš‘ 14 kZ
wnRixi c‡i AvRI †KqvgZ hLb nq wb eis nvw`mwU GKB welq, GKB K_v, GKB hyw³i Z‡ZvwaK avivevwnK
wg_¨v I fzj cÖgvwYZ Ges AZx‡Zi mKj MÖš’B c~Y© _vKv cÖgvb I wewfbœ `„wó‡Kvb †_‡K ciewZ© cÖwZ‡e`bwU bZzb
m‡Z¡I ci¤úivq bex-ivQyj Avm‡Qb e‡j †KvivbB mv¶x K‡i j¶bxq|
†`q; ZLb Ô†kl bexÕ wek¦vm Kivi Avi Z„Zxq †Kvb hyw³
_vKvi K_v bq| *
nvw`mwU ÔQwe msµvš— nvw`mÕ BZ¨vw`i gZB ax‡i ax‡i
we¯§„Z K‡i‡Q ev n‡q‡Q wKš‘ Ô†kl bexÕ wek¦vmwU AvRI 56 beyqZ †kl bq
we¯§„Z nq wb ev K‡ib wb! Zvi GKgvÎ KviY wnsmv, AÁZv
I cÖkœ‡evaK ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨B| Avi GRb¨B Zviv Avj−vni [[ÁvZe¨: Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ eZ©gvb I fwel¨Z Kv‡ji wPý
wei“‡× ÔLZ‡g byeyqvZÕ KwgwU MVb K‡i Avj−vni bv‡g, GKB; †h k‡ã eZ©gvb eySvq wVK †mB k‡ãB fwel¨rI
Avj−vni K‡g©, Avj−vni mv‡_B P¨v‡jÄ K‡i‡Qb| cybt cybt eySvq; A_©vr Kwi/Kie; hvB/hve; cvVvB/cvVve BZ¨vw`;
bex-ivQyj AvMg‡bi m‡½ Kw_Z Ô†Kqvg‡ZiÕ †Kvb wKš‘ Abyev`KMY Bgvg †evLvix‡`i (i) Dci Bgvb nvivevi
m¤úK© †bB| bex-ivQyj Avm‡j ev Avm‡Z _vK‡j Zv‡`i f‡q Avj−vni †Kviv‡bi Abyev‡` Kv‡ji e¨envi we‡kl
153

†¶‡ÎI `~tmvnwmK Kvc©Y¨ K‡i‡Qb|]] †Zvgvi AvqvZmg~n Zv‡`i wbKU eY©bv Ki‡e|
AvR‡Ki gbyl¨ RvwZi Avw` wcZv nhiZ Av`g Bewj‡mi Zvnvw`M‡K †nKgZ (Ávb-weÁv‡bi myÎ I Kjv-
cÖ‡ivPbvq Avj−vni Av‡`k Agvb¨ K‡i jw¾Z nb| †KŠkj) wk¶v †`‡e I cvK cweÎ (AfvenxY)
AZtci Aby‡kvPYv I AbyZ‡ß Avj−vn Zuvi byb¨Zg kvw¯— Ki‡e--|
¯^iƒc, wbæewY©Z k‡Z© wKQyKv‡ji Rb¨ ¯^vaxb Rxeb `vb Beªvnx‡gi (mv) Dwj−wLZ cÖv_©bv I Avj−vni Aw½Kvi
K‡ib: †gvZv‡eK hy‡M hy‡M [Kg-‡ewk] AbyMZ e¨w³/`j
1. KzjbvnweZz--Lv‡j`yb| [2:evKviv-38,39] A_©: wQj,AvRI Av‡Q Ges Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K gvbe RvwZi Rb¨
Avwg ejjvg, †Zvgiv G ¯’vb [eZ©gvb Ae¯’v] †_‡K GKRb bex ev ivQyjI g‡bvbxZ n‡q Avm‡Qb; AvqvZwU
ewn¯‹…Z| AZtci Avgvi Zid †_‡K †Zvgv‡`i GK_vB e‡j; Ges Gfv‡e hy‡M hy‡M AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj
wbKU hLb(B) mr c‡_i wb‡`©k Av‡m/Avm‡e g‡bvbxZ n‡q Avm‡Qb| GRb¨B c~e© Dwj−wLZ Avj−vni
[hLbB Awn wb‡q bex-ivQyj Avm‡e ] ZLb hviv cÖwZkÖ“wZ Abyhvqx ciewZ© mKj bex‡KB cÖwZkÖ“Z bex ejv
Dnv gvb¨ K‡i Pj‡e Zv‡`i †Kvb fq _vK‡e bv nq| Avj−vn hvi ¯^í msL¨K Qvov †ewk msL¨K‡`i BwZnvm
Ges Zviv Akvwš— †fvM Ki‡e bv| Avi hviv Agvb¨ †Kviv‡b eY©bv K‡ibwb |
Ki‡e ZvivB wPi¯’vqx `ytL I Akvwš— †fvM Ki‡Z Avj−vni GB mnR-mij avivevwnK bex g‡bvbq‡bi ¯’vqx
ag© wcZv nhiZ Beªvnxg [mv]| ZviB Abymvix [D¤§Z] Aw½Kvi KLbI f½ K‡i‡Qb! wK f½ Ki‡eb! ev iwnZ
ciewZ© mKj bex-ivQyjmn AvR‡Ki gvbe mgvR| K‡i‡Qb! ev Ki‡eb! A_ev nhiZ †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] ci
GB Beªvnx‡gi m‡½B 1 bs Dwj−wLZ Avj−vni †_‡K evwZj n‡qB †Mj! Ggb †Kvb AvKvi-Bw½Z mgMÖ
Iqv`v; µgvMZ bex-ivQyj AvMg‡bi †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI †bB| Gi c‡iI hw` nvw`‡mi Dci
KvjvKvj‡f`x wPi mywÎZvi Pzw³ m¤úvw`Z nq, Bgvb nvivi f‡q AvqvZwUi Dci hv‡`i m‡›`n nq Zv‡`i
†`Lyb: cybt j¶bxq:
2. A GReZvjv-- h‡jwgb| [2:evKviv-124] Ges Zzwg KLbI g‡b KwiI bv †h, Avj−vn Zvi ivQyjM‡Yi m‡½
¯§iY Ki, hLb Beªvwng‡K Zvi cÖwZcvjK K‡qKwU cÖ`Ë¡ Iqv`v f½ K‡ib/Ki‡eb| Avj−vn civµgkvjx, `Û
K_v Øiv cix¶v K‡iwQ‡jb Ges †m¸wj †m c~Y© weavqK| [14: Beªvwng-47; 22: nv¾-47]
K‡iwQj; Avj−vn& ej‡jb, ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡K gvbe AZGe cÖ‡qvR‡b cybt cybt, G‡Ki ci GK µgvMZ bex-
RvwZi †bZv KiwQ|Õ †m ej‡jv, ÔAvgvi ivQyj AvMg‡bi ¯^-c‡¶ Dwj−wLZ AvqvZÎqB h‡_ó I
eskaiM‡Yi ga¨ †_‡KI!Õ Avj−vn ej‡jb, ÔAvgvi Pzovš— e‡j Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji c‡¶ GKjv n‡jI we‡k¦i cÖwZ
Aw½Kvi AZ¨vPvwi‡`i Rb¨ cÖ‡hvR¨ b‡n|Õ [A_©vr P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o †`qv hvq|
Zvi cÖv_©bv gÄyi K‡i‡Qb wKš‘ AZ¨vPvwi‡`i Rb¨ AviI kw³kvjx cÖgvb n‡jv AvqvZwUi Av‡jv‡K
gÄyi K‡ib wb] c~e©v‡jvwPZ 33: AvnRve-40 bs AvqvwZwUi cÖPwjZ
3. iveŸvbv --nvwKg|[2:evKviv-128, 129] A_©: Abyev` I e¨vL¨v-wek¦vm m¤ú~Y© wecixZ mve¨¯— K‡i| GB
Ô†n Avgv‡`i ie!-- Ges Avgv‡`i eskai †_‡K wecixZv_©K wek¦vm †Kvivb‡K m‡›`n I weZ‡K©i m¤§yLxY
†Zvgvi GK AbyMZ `j ivwLI| Avgvw`M‡K K‡i‡Q wKbv! Zv kwiq‡Zi †f‡e †`Lv DwPr|
bvgv‡Ri wbqg c×wZ wkwL‡q w`I --| welqwU me©‡kªó ¯úl©KvZi ‡nZz cybðz wek` Av‡jvPbv
†n Avgv‡`i ie! †mB AbyMZ `‡ji ga¨ †_‡K Ae¨nZ iBjt
Zv‡`i Rb¨ GKRb ivQyj g‡bvbxZ KwiI, †h †mB AbyMZ `j, ¯’vb, Kvj I fvlv‡f‡` KLbI Avh©¨, f`ª,
154

Bûw`, †eŠ×, ‰Rb, wkL, wLª÷vb I †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` bv‡g Avj−vni c_! ¯^xq ev›`v‡`i g‡a¨ hv‡K B”Qv wZwb
cwiwPZ wQj Ges Av‡QI| wKš‘ cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j Kv‡ji Bnv Øviv [Awn Øviv] mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ
weeZ©‡b PZzi ag©vÜ, cy‡ivwnZ, cvw`ª, cwÛZ I ¯^-‡NvlxZ K‡ib/Ki‡eb|
ivQy‡ji †m‡ÎUvixMY [bv‡q‡e ivQyj] e¨w³ I `‡ji N„b¨ 7. DjvBKv-- ‡eKv‡dixb|[6: AvbAvg-89] A_©:
¯^v‡_© ZrKvjxb bex‡`i †`vnvB w`‡qB Hkx MÖ‡š’i cvkv- Zv‡`i‡KB †KZve, KZ©„Z¡, byeqvZ cÖ`vb
cvwk Dcwbl`, †U÷v‡g›U, nvw`m bv‡g `yÕb¤^ix AvBb Z_v Kwi/Kie; AZtci hw` Zviv H¸wj cÖZ¨vL¨vb
kwiqZ iPbv K‡i gZ‡f` I gZwe‡iva m„wó K‡i wewfbœ K‡i Z‡e Avwg Ggb GK m¤cÖ`v‡qi cÖwZ G¸wji
`j Dc-`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Qb; cye© cÖwZkÖ“wZ †gvZv‡eK fvi Ac©Y Kwi/Kie hviv G¸wj cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i
cieZ©x bex Avmv m‡Ë¡I ¯^-¯^ `‡ji †NvwlZ cy‡ivwnZ, bv/Ki‡e bv|
cv`ªx, cwÛZ, Av‡jgMY evc-`v`vi i`-e`jK…Z 8. BDbvw¾jy-- dvËvKzb| [16: bvnj-2] A_©: wZwb
mv¤cÖ`vwqK iwPZ ag© gZ& I c‡_ w¯’i i‡q‡Qb Ges ¯^ ¯^ Zvi `vkw`‡Mi g‡a¨ hvi cÖwZ B”Qv wb‡`©k m¤^wjZ
bex‡K Ô†kl bexÕ wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i ciewZ© bex‡K (Inxmn) †d‡i¯—v cvVvb/cvVv‡eb, G g‡g© mZK©
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i‡Qb; GKgvÎ wnsmvi Kvi‡Y Ges ¯^v_© nvwbi Kivi Rb¨ †h, Avwg e¨ZxZ †Kvb Bjvn& †bB;
f‡q| cÖavbZt cÖfvekvjx, cÖwZwôZ, abxMY KLbIB myZivs Avgv‡K fq Ki|
ciewZ© bex‡K MÖnY K‡ibwb, AvRI Ki‡eb bv| c¶vš—‡i, 9. A iveŸyKv---BDm‡iKzb| [28:Kvmvm-68] A_©:
wb‡®úwlZ, wbcxoxZ wbixn mij cÖvY Mixe `ye©j Amnvq †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK hv B”Qv m„wó K‡ib I hv‡K
RbmvaviY bZzb bex‡K eiY K‡i Beªvnx‡gi †mB Avw` Pzw³ B”Qv Zv‡KB g‡bvbxZ K‡ib/Ki‡eb, G‡Z I‡`i
mgybœZ †i‡L‡Qb| G m¤^‡Ü wbæ AvqvZwU j¶¨bxq: †Kvb nvZ †bB--|
A byix`y--A‡imxb| [28:Kvmvm-5] A_©: Avwg PvB 10. Bbœv AvbRvjbvû-- gyi‡Qjxb| [44:`yLvb-3-5]
wb‡¯úlxZ wbwcoxZ Amnvq RbmvaviY‡K mvnvh¨ Ki‡Z; A_©: Avwg Bnv AeZxY© Kwi/Kie AÜKv‡i
Zv‡`i †bZ…Z¡ `vb K‡i †`‡ki AwaKvix Ki‡Z| Avwke©v` (evivKvZ †_‡K gyevivKvZ) ¯^iƒc|
[28:Kvmvm-5] wbðqB Avwg mZK©Kvix| GB iRbx‡Z (AÜKvi
4. A wZjKv-- Avjxg| [6: AvbAvg-83] A_©:Ges hy‡M) ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq wm×vš— †bqv nq| Av‡`k †Zv
Bnv Avgvi hyw³-cÖgvb hv Beªvnxg‡K w`‡qwQjvg AvgviB; AvwgB ivQyjMY‡K g‡bvwbZ K‡i _vwK|
Zvi m¤cÖ`v‡qi gyKvwejvi Rb¨; Avwg hv‡K B”Qv mgvR hLb Pig Ae¶q, AatcZb ev AÜKv‡i wbgw¾Z
gh©v`vq DbœxZ Kwi/Kie; †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK nq ZLbB D×viK‡í Avkxe©v` ¯^iƒc bex-ivQyj cvwV‡q
cÖÁvgh, Ávbx| mZK© Ges Pzovš— wm×vš— †bqv nq|
5. A Anvebv--gyn‡Qbxb| [6: AvbAvg-84] A_©: kwiq‡Zi aviYv Kv‡j Kv‡j ag©MÖš’ cwiewZ©Z, cwiewa©Z
Ges Zv‡K `vb K‡iwQjvg BmnvK I BqvKze I n‡q †kl bex nhiZ gyn¤§‡`i [mv] gva¨‡g wPi cwic~Y©Zv
Zv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨K‡K mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡iwQjvg; jvf K‡i‡Q; Avi wKQBy evwK †bB| Avj−vni Ávb, ¸b,
c~‡e© byn‡KI mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡iwQjvg Ges ¶gZv, Avkv-AvKvs¶v GLv‡bB mgvß|
Zvi eskai `vD`, myjvqgvb, Avqye, qymyd, gymv I Zv‡`i fvev DwPr †h,gvÎ nhiZ gynv¤§` [mv] †Kb! nhiZ
nviƒb‡KI; Avi Gfv‡eB mr cwikªgx‡`i cyi¯‹…Z Av`g‡KB [mv] Avj−vn mewKQy w`‡q cwic~Y©Zvq c~Y© K‡i
Kwi/Kie| cvwV‡qB ¶vš— nb wb! eis †d‡i¯—vMY‡K P¨v‡jÄ Qy‡o w`‡q
6. RvwjKv--Bqvgvjyb| [6: AvbAvg-88] A_©: Bnv †NvlYv w`‡jb †h, Av`g c~Y©, †m mewKQy Rv‡b| Avj−vni
155

gy‡L mewKQy ej‡Z Avi wKQy evwK _vKvi K_v bq, hv AZxZ Kv‡j wQj ZviI mv¶¨`vb K‡i wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Z:
ciewZ© bexMY wb‡q Avm‡eb! ZeyI AbeiZ bexi ci bex 12K. AGR-- ZvAvjvgyb| [2-evKviv-30]A_©: ¯§iY
g‡bvbq‡bi KviY ‡f‡e †`Lv Ri“ix! AvqvZwU j¶bxq: Ki! hLb ie †d‡ikZv‡`i ej‡jb, ÔAvwg e¯‘i
11. A Avjvgv-- ZvKZzgyb| [2:evKviv-31-33] A_©: [c„w_ex] cÖwZwbwa m„wó KiwQ! Zviv ejj, ÔAvcwb
Ges wZwb Av`g‡K mewKQyi bvg wk¶v w`‡jb, wK †mLv‡b Ggb KvD‡K m„wó Ki‡eb †h Akvwš—
Zrci †m mgy`q †d‡i¯—v‡`i m¤§y‡L cÖKvk Ki‡jb NUvq/NUv‡e I i³cvZ K‡i/Ki‡e? AvgivB †Zv
Ges ej‡jb, ÔGB mgy`‡qi bvg Avgv‡K e‡j `vI! Avcbvi cÖksmv, ¯‘wZ I cweÎZv †Nvlbv Kwi--|
hw` †Zvgiv mZ¨ev`x n‡qB _vK--|-- wZwb A_©vr †d‡i¯—v‡`i Av`g c~e© `~i ev wbKU AZx‡Zi asm
ej‡jb, Ô†n Av`g! Zv‡`i mg¯— wKQyi [e¯‘ cÖvvß Ggb GK ev GKvwaK RvwZi ev¯—e I cÖZ¨¶ AwfÁZv
RM‡Zi] bvg e‡j `vI!Õ hLb †m mewKQyi bvg Av‡Q; hviv Avgv‡`i gZB i³-gvs‡mi †`navix wQj!
e‡j w`j, wZwb ej‡jb, ÔAvwg wK †Zvgv‡`i ¯^v‡_©i nvbvnvwb, GgbwK hy×-weMÖn, LyYvLyYx KiZ|
ewjwb †h, AvKvkgÛj I c„w_exi `„k¨-A`„k¨ Zv‡`i‡K wRb ejyK! Lvov gvbyl ejyK ev PZz®ú` gvbyl ev
m¤^‡Ü Avwg wbwðZfv‡e AewnZ Ges †Zvgiv hv Rš‘B ejyK †mUv eo K_v bq| Zviv †h Avgv‡`i gZB
e¨³ Ki ev †Mvcb ivL Avwg ZvÕI Rvwb!Õ i³-gvs‡mi ¯’yj †`navix wQj GUvB g~j K_v| wRb-‡d‡i¯—
Av`g‡K wK‡mi bvg wk¶v w`‡q wQ‡jb! Gi Bw½Z ciewZ© v †Zv AvRI Av‡Q! AZx‡ZI wQj; myZivs wek¦vm †h, Av`g
†Nvlbvi g‡a¨B cwi¯‹vi: ÔAvwg wK ewjwb †h `„k¨-A`„‡k¨i †_‡KB gbyl¨ Rv‡Zi m„wó welqwU kwiqZ bZzb K‡i
mewKQyB Avwg Rvwb!Õ A_©vr †d‡i¯—vMY gvÎ ÔAwKQ,yÕ Ae¯‘ fve‡j weÁv‡bi BfwjDmb w_Dwii m‡½ Av‡cvl n‡Z
ev A`„k¨ Ávb cÖvß; c¶vš—‡i gvbyl [Av`g] ÔmewKQyÕ A_©vr cv‡i|
`„k¨-A`„k¨ Df‡qiB Ávb cÖvß; GRb¨B †d‡ikZvMY L. Avjvg-- Lvwib| [6:AvbAvg-6] A_©: Zviv wK
gvby‡li Awab| bvg gv‡bB e¯‘ Ges Zv Aw¯—Z¡ m¤úbœ | †`‡L bv †h, Zv‡`i c~‡e© K‡Zv gvbe †Mvwô‡K
A`„k¨ †_‡K `„k¨, AÁvZ †_‡K ÁvZ nIqv Ges Zvi cš’v webvk K‡iwQ; Zv‡`i‡K `ywbqvq Ggbfv‡e cÖwZwôZ
Av`gRvZ‡K ‡`qv n‡q‡Q| GRb¨B A`„k¨ ev fwel¨‡Zi K‡iwQjvg †hgbwU †Zvgv‡`i‡KI Kwiwb| Ges
cÖwZ [Mv‡qe] wek¦vm ev Bgvb `„p ivL‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q [`ª: 2: Zv‡`i Dci AweiZ e„wó el©Y K‡iwQjvg Avi
evKviv-3|] Zv‡`i cv`‡`‡k Zzdvb R‡jv”Qvm cÖevwnZ
Rxe Z_v gvbyl gvÎB Avj−vni cÖwZwbwa;ZviZg¨ nq ‰PZb¨ K‡iwQjvg; AZtci Zv‡`i cv‡ci `i“Y Zv‡`i‡K
ev Ávb jv‡fi Dci; Avi ZvB e‡jB cxi, Av‡jg- wbg©~j K‡iwQ Ges Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡Liv‡Z) Aci
Avj−vgvMY (weÁvbxMY) Mv‡q‡e wek¦vm K‡iB Avwe¯‹v‡ii gvbe †Mvwô‡K m„wó K‡iwQ|
ci Avwe¯‹vi K‡i A`„k¨‡K `„k¨Zi K‡i Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K M. AKvg-- wiBqvb| [19: gwiqg-74] A_©: Dnv‡`i
mKj‡KB wbi‡c¶ †mev K‡i Pj‡Qb| c~‡e© KZ gvbe‡Mvôx‡K webvk K‡iwQ hviv Dnv‡`i
g~jZt Av`‡gi Av‡M-c‡i c„w_ex KZevi †h aŸsm I Zzjbvq m¤ú` I mvgvwRKZvq †kªô wQj!
we‡aŠZ n‡q‡Q; AvR‡Ki †P‡qI KZ DbœZ I wekvj cÖMwZ N. A jvKv`--BqvQZvnRxDb| [46:Avn&Kvd-26]
nVvr _g‡K `uvwo‡q‡Q; cybt aŸsm cybt cÖMwZi w`‡K avweZ A_©: Avwg Dnv‡`i‡K †h cÖwZôv w`‡qwQjvg
n‡q‡Q; Zvi †Kvb wbw`©ó wnmve ev aviYv AZxZ eZ©gvb †Zvgv‡`i Zv †`Bwb--|
†Kvb weÁvbx, Avj−vgv ev gvby‡li Rvbv †bB| eZ©gvb O. A jvKv`-- BqviwRDb| [46:Avn&Kvd-27] A_©:
hy‡Mi Ávbx-¸Yx‡`i †P‡q K‡Zv †ewk DbœZ Ávbx ¸Yx Avwg‡Zv aŸsm K‡iwQjvg †Zvgv‡`i PZz¯úvk¦©ewZ©
156

mKj Rbc`| weavb| AvRI †h †mB cybive„wËi j¶Y cÖKU n‡qB †`Lv
AvqvZ¸wji Av‡jv‡K Hi“c GKwU Kvj I mgvR m¤^‡Ü w`‡q‡Q| GKw`‡K †hgb MÖn AwaKv‡i Av‡jgMY
AvR‡Ki BwZnvm, fy‡Mvj, weÁvb ev `k©b kv‡mªi Kv‡iv [weÁvbxMY] Pig Avkvev`x, Aciw`‡K G c„w_exUv
Ges wKQyB Rvbv †bB! AZGe eZ©gvb ev AvaywbK hyMB †h wbDwK¬qvi †ev‡gi cÖPÛ agwKi m¤§yLxb| †Kviv‡bI Ggb
†kªó hyM ev c~Y© hyM Zv aviYv gvÎ ; MvQ-cvjv, cï‡`iI Bw½Z cvIqv hvq wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Z:
nq‡Zv Ggb aviYvB nq| Rxe hZ¶Y †e‡P _v‡K ZZ¶YB BqvIgv-- Kvn&nvi| [14:Beªvnxg-48] A_©: hLb c„w_ex‡K
g‡b nq †hb GBB AvaywbK! GBB me©†kªó hyM! wKš‘ N bs G Ab¨ c„w_ex w`‡q e`j K‡i ‡`B/†`‡ev, Avi MMb
cwi¯‹vi e‡j w`‡q‡Q †h Ggb GKwU AZx‡Zi gZ †kªóZ¡Zv gÛj‡KI| Avi ZLb mK‡j Avj−vni `iev‡i nvwRi n‡e-
GLbI Avgv‡`i‡K †`qv nqwb| -|
AZx‡Zi †mB BwZnvm ¯§iY Kivevi c‡iI Avj−vn cybt GLv‡b hw`I wKQyUv AcÖvmw½K ZeyI Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi
†NvlYv K‡ib: AbyKz‡j Av‡jvPbv Kiv cÖ‡qvRb:
13. AwjKz‡j−-- Lvwj`yb| [7:Avivd-34-36] A_©: GKB my‡Îi Aaxb, GKB ÁvwZ‡Mvwô LÛ LÛ mxgvbvi
cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZiB GKwU wbw`©ó †gqv` Av‡Q| hLb gvby‡li †kvK, Zvc, †jvf, AnsKvi I wnsmv wZ‡j wZ‡j
Zv‡`i mgq Avm‡e ZLb Zviv gyûZ© Kvj ch©š—I cywÄf‚Z iƒ‡ci AvKvi AvR‡Ki hveZxq †Mvjvevi“` Avi
wej¤^ A_ev Z¡iv Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| †n Av`g RvZ cigvYy †evgv| hvi IRb enb Ki‡Z c„w_exi †ek Kó
! hLb(B) †Zvgv‡`i ga¨ n‡Z †Kvb ivQyj G‡m n‡”Q Ges ZviI GKUv ˆa‡h©i †gqv` Av‡Q| †mUv hLb
Avgvi AvqvZ wee„Z K‡i/Ki‡e, ZLb hviv AwZµg Ki‡e ZLb nq‡Zv †`Lv hv‡e `~i AZx‡Zi gbyl¨
mveavb nq/n‡e Ges wbRw`M‡K ms‡kvab ØvivB we‡õvwiZ Ab¨ MÖ‡n [A_ev GLv‡bB] c„w_exi ¯^í
K‡i/Ki‡e Zv‡`i †Kvb fq A_ev `ytL `y`©kv msL¨K gvby‡li cybt ev‡mvchyMx n‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i, G
_v‡Kbv/_vK‡e bv--| c„w_exUv eZ©gvb Puv` ev Ab¨ MÖ‡ni gZB R¡‡j-cy‡o
Z`ycwi hZ Ávbx †jvK MZ n‡q‡Q Ges hviv eZ©gvb Av‡Q, Sjmv‡bv i“wUi AvKvi aviY K‡i‡Q| Avi ZLbB cÖgvwYZ
Zv‡`i †P‡qI gnv Ávbx †jvK fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ gIRy` n‡e †h, wUwK, ˆcZv, P›`b, µm Avi Uzwc `uvwo‡`i iwPZ
i‡q‡Q: `yÕb¤^ix kwiq‡Zi Pig e¨_©Zv I nv-ûZvm| GB welqwUB
14. A DLiv-- Kvw`ivb| [48: dZ&n-21] A_©: -- wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Z †Nvlbv K‡i:
AviI eû m¤ú` i‡q‡Q hv GLbI †Zvgv‡`i ‡mvw`b AvKvk gÛjx ¸wU‡q †dje, †hfv‡e ¸Uvb nq
AwaKv‡i Av‡m wb| Dnv †Zv Avj−vni wbKU gIRy` wjwLZ `dZi; †hfv‡e Avwg cÖ_g m„wói myPbv K‡iwQjvg,
Av‡Q--| ] i¶Y ev gIRy` _v‡K mieivn Kivi †mfv‡e cybivq m„wó Kwi/Kie; cÖwZkÖ“wZ cvjb Avgvi
Rb¨B|] KZ©e¨, Avwg Bnv K‡iB _vwK| [21: Avw¤^qv-104]
15. A Bb-- MvBivKzg| [47: gynv¤§`-38] A_©: weÁvb my‡Î cigvYy †evgvi Dcv`vb BD‡iwbqvg BZ¨vw`|
‡Zvgiv weg~L n‡j wZwb †Zvgv‡`i cwie‡Z© Ab¨ Avi AwZ weÁvb ev ag©-`k©Y my‡Î hveZxq Amª,
RvwZ envj K‡ib/Ki‡eb--| †Mvjvevi“`, G¨Ug †evgvi m~´vwZ m~² Dcv`vb Ô†jvf,
weeZ©‡bi avivq gvbyl ev Rx‡ei GB c„w_ex‡ZB †h cÖ_g wnsmv, †gvn-‡µva Avi An¼vi|Õ An¼v‡ii Aci bvgB
myPbv Zv wbw`©ó K‡i ejv hvq bv| nq‡Zv GgbI nÕ‡Z kqZvb, we‡`ªvnx, Kzdi, wkiK| [ 2: evKviv-34] hvi hZ
cv‡i †h Rxe ¯^xq Kg© †`vl-¸‡Y ¯^xq MÖn aŸsm K‡i MÖnvš— Amª, kw³kvjx Amª Av‡Q †m ZZ eo An¼vix Ges
vixZ nq ev n‡”Q; GUvB nq‡Zv cÖK…wZi wbqg ev Avj−vni Z‡ZvwaK KvwiMwi ee©i, Kv‡di, ‡gvk‡iK Z_v Amf¨,
157

AmvgvwRK| hvi g‡a¨ hZUzKz An¼vi Av‡Q †m ZZUzKz c¶vš—‡i, giv bex wd‡i Avm‡eb, nvwi‡q hvIqv Bgvg
wki‡K Wy‡e Av‡Q| c¶vš—‡i hvewZq aŸbvZ¡K m„wói wd‡i Avm‡eb, Kwji AeZvi Avm‡eb; Bgvg †g‡n`x I
cigvYy †cÖg-‡mev| Cmv GKB m‡½ AvKvk †_‡K cwZZ n‡eb, gvwU dz‡i Rš‘
ÔQvgvÕ A_© A`„k¨, A-e¯‘, Kvj| Kvj Qvov m„wói mewKQyB bvwRj n‡eb (`ª: †`Lyb: Ô‡KqvgZÕ) BZ¨vw` åvš— wek¦vm
GB Kv‡ji cÖK…wZMZ e¨eav‡b I weeZ©‡b Ges Ávb- mgv‡R cÖwZwóv K‡i‡Qb|
weÁv‡bi ms‡hvR‡b cÖwZwbqZ weewZ©Z my‡Î `„k¨ I `„k¨Zi ÔBgvg †gnw`Õ A_© m‡Z¨i †bZv, m‡Z¨i mvaK, aviK I
nq ; A_©vr AvØ© [Earth] nq| hv aiv, †Quvqv I iƒcvš—i evnK, c_ cÖ`k©K Ges ms¯‹viK| ‡Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq
`„wó‡Z †`Lv hvq, †Pbv hvq, cÖgvwYZ nq ZvB-B AvØ© ev mv¶x Av‡Q †h, cÖ‡Z¨K bex-ivQyjMYB Bgvg, Bgvg †gnw`
e¯‘| AvKvk gnvKv‡ki mKj MÖn b¶Î BZ¨vw` m„ó Ges †KnB AvKvk †_‡K eRª-wkjvi gZ acvm K‡i
mewKQyB AvØ©; GZ`„wó‡Z Avwe®‹…Z cigvYyI AvR ÔAvØ©Õ c‡obwb! (†`Lyb: CQv I Bgvg †gn&`x)
bv‡g bZzb ms‡hvM| e¯‘ A_©B ag©vagx© Kv‡ji Aaxb Ges 16. A jvKv`-- gyiZve|[40:gygxb-34] A_©: c~‡e©I
gvbyl Zvi cÖwZwbwa ev ¸i“| †Zvgv‡`i wbKU BDmyd G‡mwQ‡jb ¯úó
cybt cybt bex g‡bvbq‡bi †gŠwjK I ¯úó weavb _vKv wb`k©bmn| wKš‘ wZwb hv wb‡q G‡mwQ‡jb Zv‡Z
m‡Ë¡I cieZ©x bex‡`i ¯^xKvi Kiv †Zv `~‡ii K_v eis †Zvgiv evi evi m‡›`n †cvlY K‡iQ| Ae‡k‡l
AgvbywlK AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi K‡i‡Q ; †`k †_‡K weZvwoZ wZwb hLb gviv †M‡jb, ZLb(I) †Zvgiv
K‡i‡Q| GgbwK cyZ cweÎ Pwi‡Î wg_¨v Kj¼ G‡U cÖKv‡k¨ e‡jwQ‡j, Zvic‡i Avj−vn Avi Kv‡KI ivQyj K‡i
nZ¨v ch©š— K‡i‡Q| we‡k¦i Ggb †Kvb bexi BwZnvm †bB, cvVv‡eb bv| mxgv j•NbKvix, m‡›`n
hv‡K RbmvaviY ¯^Ztd©~Zfv‡e MÖnY K‡i‡Q| GgbwK civ‡_© †cvlYKvix‡`i Avj−vn Gfv‡eB weåvš— K‡i
wb‡ew`Z,cix¶xZ gvbe Kj¨v‡Y DrmwM©Z mvaK, Kwe- _v‡Kb|
mvwnwZ¨K, `vk©wbK, ˆeÁvwbK Kg-†ewk bex-ivQyj Ô‡kl bex, bex Avi Avm‡eb bvÕ GB cybive„wËkxj åvš—
ch©v‡qi e¨w³Z¡ ; KviY mr cwikªgxMYB m„wói †kªó| [98: gZev`wU bex BDmy‡di c~e© †_‡KB †h P‡j Avm‡Q,
evB‡qbv-7; 42: ïiv-51] Ges G‡`iI AwaKvskB AvqvwUB Zvi R¡jš— mv¶x ; nhiZ †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) ‡¶‡ÎI
wbh©vwZZ, wbM„nxZ n‡q‡Q Ges n‡”Q| AvR 14k erm‡ii jvwjZ GB weåvš—Ki gZev‡`i mKj
Avj−vni Aby‡gvw`Z Bewjm †ek-f‚lv I AvKvi-AvK…wZ‡Z hyw³-cÖgvb, mKj ZK©-weZK© wPiZ‡i aywj®§vr K‡i †`q
P‚ovš— ci‡nRMvi †m‡R (mK‡j bq) me©Kv‡ji msL¨v GB AvqvZwU|
Mwiô cvw`ª, cwÛZ, cy‡ivwnZ I gvIjvbv‡`i G‡nb m‡›`n †cvlYKvix‡`i Ômxgv j•NbKvix I weåvš—Õ
(Avgiv/Avgv‡`i cÖfy) AYy-cigvYy‡Z Ae¯’vb K‡i mZ¨‡K e‡j AvqvZwU‡ZB †NvlYv K‡i‡Q| myZivs Avgv‡`i
wg_¨v †f‡e m‡Z¨i wei“‡× AvgiY msMÖvg K‡i‡Qb| Ae¯’vb †Kv_vq Zv w`‡bi gZB ¯úó|
wg_¨v‡K mZ¨ †f‡e evc-`v`vi cÖPwjZ `jxq iwPZ Avj−vn cÖ`Ë evYx I `wjj cÖgvY Qvov hviv K_v e‡j Zv‡`i
kwiqZ‡K AvK‡o i‡q‡Qb| ciewZ© bex-ivQyj‡`i cÖKvk m¤^‡Ü †Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i:
nIqvi c_B c~e© †_‡K K›UKvKxY© K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| cÖ‡Z¨K Ôhviv †Kvb `wjj cªgvY QvovB Avj−vni AvqvZ m¤^‡Ü
bexi g„Zz¨i c‡iB †NvlYv K‡i‡Q †h, ÒGB †kl bex, Avi weZÛvq wjß nq; Zviv Avj−vn I gygxb‡`i wbKU AZ¨š—
bex Avm‡e bv|Ó ZvB †fvMev`x ivRbxwZK, VvKzi, N„YxZ; Gfv‡eB Avj−vn cÖ‡Z¨K D×Z I ˆ¯^ivPvixi ü`q
cwÛZ,gvIjvbvMY (?) ivQy‡ji ¯^‡NvwlZ mwPe-†m‡µUvix †gvni [wmj& ] K‡i †`b| †hb eyS‡Z bv cv‡i|Õ [40:gygxb-
bvg aviY K‡i bex-ivQyj‡`i c` `Lj K‡i‡Qb! 35]
158

wewPÎ GB mgv‡R †KD †kªô WvKvZ, ¸Ûv, wQbZvBKvix ü‡` cÖf‚i bvg Uzc Uvc|
cÖgvb n‡j mgv‡R ‡Zgb cÖwZwµqvi m„wó nq bv; eis ÒAveZ©‡bi cwieZ©b iwP
JrmyK¨ ev‡o! c¶vš—‡i †KD bex-ivQyj `vex ev Ggb wKQy wQU&‡K †d‡j c~Z© cwiZvc
cÖKvk †c‡j,wePvi-we‡ePbvi my‡hvM bv w`‡qB Zr¶bvZ m‡½ Kwi c~e©-cvK|Ó
weiƒc wµqv-cÖwZwµqvi m„wó nq| a‡g©i aviK-evnK‡`i c~‡e© Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, Avj−vni m‡½ Beªvnx‡gi (mv)
¯^v‡_© AvNvZ nv‡b ; Zv‡`i Muv‡q †hb Av¸b a‡i hvq| Pzw³: aivq cybt cybt bex AvMg‡bi wPi mywÎZvi Pzw³; †m
c¶vš—‡i wek¦ Bgvg, Bgv‡g AvRg, MvDQyj AvRg, Pzw³ AZx‡Zi †Kvb Hkx MÖš’ Z_v †Kviv‡b ewZj K‡iwb!
Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï`! gvIjvbv [Avgiv/ Avgv‡`i Avj−vn] wK¤^v gnvbexi Idv‡Zi cÖvq 3 kZ ermi c‡i †evLvixMY
BZ¨vw` bex-ivQyj‡`iI D‡×©i †LZve¸wj mPivPi aviY- (i) ivQy‡ji bv‡g nvw`m iPbv Kivi `vwqZ¡ cÖvßI nbwb!
cÖ`v‡b cyjK Abyfe K‡ib! Avi fwel¨‡Z Avj−vni Pzw³ cÖZ¨vnvi Ki‡eb e‡jI †Kvb
g~jZt G‡`iB AYy cigvYy‡Z †h Bewjm fi& K‡i _v‡K ev m‡›`‡ni AeKvk †bB; KviY ‡Kvivb †NvlYv K‡i:
wQj Zv AZx‡Zi mKj bexi Avg‡jB cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q| 17. Aj−vRxbv-- gyd‡jûb| [2:evKviv-4, 5] A_©: Ges
cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q m‡µwUm, M¨v‡jjxI, gybQyi †nj−vR Avi †Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q/n‡”Q I †Zvgvi
nv‡ji Av‡gwiKvi ivmv` Ljxdv cÖgyL‡`i Avg‡j; cÖgvwYZ c~‡e© hv AeZxY© n‡qwQj Ges ciKv‡j (Av‡LivZ)
n‡q‡Q evsjv‡`k ¯^vaxb n‡q| evsjv†`k ¯^vaxb n‡qB cÖgvY hviv wek¦vm K‡i/Ki‡e; ZvivB Zv‡`i cÖf‚i
n‡q‡Q †h, BnvB Avj−vni AwfcÖvq wQj| wKš‘ GLbI Zviv wb‡`©wkZ c‡_ i‡q‡Q/i‡e Ges ZvivB mdjKvgx|
Avj−vni B”Qv‡K †g‡b wb‡Z cvi‡Qb bv! †`‡ki cÖvq mKj ÔAvwLivZÕ A_©: ciKvj; c‡ii Kvj; ceewZ© Kvj; A_©vr
Av‡jg, Avj−vgvMY Avj−vni GB mZ¨‡K wg_¨v †f‡e m‡Z¨i fwel¨r Kvj| G gyûZ© †_‡K cieZ©x mxgvnxY KvjB
wei“‡× Pig we‡ivwaZv K‡i mivmwi Avj−vniB we‡ivwaZv Av‡LivZ; gyZz¨i c‡iiKvjwUI fwel¨r Kvj|
K‡i j¶ j¶ Avcb ÁvwZ-‡Mvwô‡K †e-B¾wZ K‡i‡Q, D³ Avqv‡Z AZxZ , eZ©gvb I fwel¨r ev ciewZ© Kv‡ji
nZ¨v K‡i‡Q| wbw`©ó GKwU wek¦vm (†KZve) m¤^‡Ü †Rvi †`qv n‡q‡Q ;
†`kwU ¯^vaxb KivB †h Avj−vni AwfcÖvq wQj Zv 1952 mnR K_vq c~Y© AvqvZwU wZb Kv‡ji Ô‡KZveÕ welqK
mv‡j †cªiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK Zvi †cÖiYv evYx‡Z c~e© wek¦v‡mi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q e‡jB g‡b nq|
cvwK¯’vb m‡½ wb‡qB wZwb g„Zz¨eiY K‡i‡Qb [g„Zz¨: 1969 GKB ev‡K¨ `ywbqvex AZxZ †KZve, `ywbqvex eZ©gvb
mv‡j] e‡j Bw½Z w`‡q‡Qb: †KZv‡ei K_v ejvi c‡iB `ywbqvex fwel¨r †KZv‡ei K_v
wPb‡Qv Kx †Zvgiv Zv‡i ? bv e‡j eis Am¤ú~Y© †i‡L [hw`I ÔciewZ©Õ (AvwLivZ)
†K‡i ! †ZZzj Z‡j ! kãwU Z_vq i‡q‡Q] gi‡Yi c‡ii wek¦vm hy³ Kiv hyw³nxY;
Avevi eskx evRvq †i ! Zv‡Z fvlv I fvev‡_© AmvgÄm¨Zv aiv c‡o, hv Avj−vni
evRv euvkx †MvKzj wewc‡b! evbx‡Z wKQy‡ZB m½Z bq| AviI ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi ‡h,
euvkxi my‡i wPi‡Q f‚eb cÖavbZt †Kvb a‡g©B g„Zz¨i c‡ii Kvj, wePvi AvPvi, ¯^M©-
c~e© cwðg DËi `w¶Y| biK ev cybtRb¥ m¤^‡Ü Awek¦vm †bB; eis AZxZ Kvj
KzsNb `uvZb gvRb Pvc †_‡KB wbwðZ n‡q Av‡Q; myZivs GLv‡b ÔAvwLivZÕ k‡ãi
f‚wi mvR cwicvU| cÖPwjZ Abyev` h_v_© bq|
Avcb cv‡q Kwi fi& ÔAv‡LivZÕ k‡ãi wfbœ Abyev` j¶bxq:
wWw½‡q Pwj avc; K. - wg¤^vw`wng Kvb©vb AvLvixbv| (6: AvbAvg-
159

6) A_©:-- Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡LivZ) Aci giv mKj bex †W‡K GKwÎZ K‡i †kl bex gyn¤§‡`i [mv]
gvbe‡Mvôx‡K m„wó K‡iwQ| Dci Cgvb Avbv I Zuv‡K mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv Kivi kc_
L. - evqv`vnv KvDgvb AvLvixbv| ( 21: Avw¤^qv- Kiv‡bv nq|
11) A_©: -- Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡LivZ) m„wó AZtci D³ bex‡K giv bexMYmn hviv A¯^xKvi Ki‡e
K‡iwQ Aci RvwZ| ZvivB mZ¨ Z¨vMx I c_åó e‡j MY¨ n‡e|
M. - wg¤^vevw`wng Kvb©vb AvLvixb| (23: gygxbyb- Avng`xqvM‡Yi e¨vL¨vq Zviv e‡jb †h, bex‡`i gva¨‡g
31) A_©: --AZtci Zv‡`i c‡i (Av‡LivZ) bex‡`i bq eis Rbmvavi‡Yi A½xKvi †bqv n‡q‡Q Ges
Ab¨ GK m¤cÖ`vq m„wó K‡iwQjvg| Ôbex‡`iÕ ej‡Z H mfvq ¯^qs bex †gvnv¤§`I (mv) Dcw¯’Z
N. - dvR¡vÕAvjbv-ûg QvjvdvD AgvQvjvj wQ‡jb, Ges ciewZ© bexi Dci Cgvb Avbvi kc_ Kiv‡bv
wjjAv-wLixb| 43: q~Li“L-56) A_©: AZtci nq Ges ÔwgR©v †Mvjvg Avn&g` mv‡neB †mB ciewZ© bex|
cieZ©x‡`i (Av‡LivZ) Rb¨ Avwg Zv‡`i‡K Wt ivkv` Ljxdvi `k©b †h, ÔbexZ¡ †kl wKš‘ ivQyj †kl
K‡i ivLjvg AZxZ `„óvš—| bqÕ Ges wZwb wbR‡KB ivQyj `vex K‡iwQ‡jb|
O. - ZvKzby-- AvDqvjxbv A Av‡Lixbv-| (5: AvqvZ `yÕwUi cÖ_gwU‡Z Rbmvavi‡Yi †KvbB m¤úK© †bB
gv‡q`v-114) A_©: Bnv Avgv‡`i c~e©eZ©x eis mivmwi Avj−vn I [cÖ‡Z¨K] bex‡`i Aw½Kvi bvgv
(AvDqvj) I cieZ©x‡`i (Av‡LivZ) Rb¨ n‡e gvÎ| Avj−vn-bexi H kc_ Abyôvb mgvwßi c‡iB 82 bs
Avb‡›`vrme-| Avqv‡Z ciewZ© Rbmvavi‡Yi K_v ¯úó K‡iB ejv n‡q‡Q
GLv‡b gvÎ 5wU D`vniY †`qv †Mj; Abyi“c cÖPzi D`vniY †h, ciewZ© bex‡K hviv A¯^xKvi Ki‡e ZvivB c_åó e‡j
i‡q‡Q †Kviv‡b; AZGe kãwUi A_© GKgvÎ ÔgyZz¨i c‡ii MY¨ n‡e|
Kvj‡K wek¦vm Kivi ‡KvbB my‡hvM †bB| gyjZt AvqvZwU‡Z Ôbex‡`iÕ ej‡Z cÖ‡Z¨K bexi KvQ
18. A BR-- dv‡QKzb| [3:Bgivb-81-82] A_©: ¯§iY †_‡K [mKj bex‡K] A_©vr bex gvÎB GB Aw½Kvi †bqv
Ki! hLb Avj−vn bex‡`i kc_ wb‡jb †h, n‡q‡Q †h, Zuv‡K †h mg¯— myÎ-evYx, Ávb, ¸Y I ¶gZv
†Zvgv‡`i cÖ`Ë¡ †KZve I wnKgZ (Ávb-weÁvb, †`qv n‡q‡Q, ciewZ©‡Z DnviB mg_©K A_©vr Abyiƒc ¸Y
Kjv †KŠkj) hv wKQy w`‡qwQ Zvi kc_ Avi m¤úbœ †Kvb e¨w³ ev e¨w³MY ‡cÖibvcÖvß n‡j (ivQyj n‡j
†Zvgv‡`i Kv‡Q hv Av‡Q ZvnviB mg_©K iƒ‡c
hLb(B) ivQyj Av‡m/Avm‡e, ZLb Aek¨B ev Avm‡j) Zv‡K ‡hb Aek¨B ¯^xKvi K‡i †bqv nq Ges
†Zvgiv Zvi Dci Cgvb Avb‡e Ges Zv‡K mvnvh¨ cÖPvi cÖwZôvq mvnvh¨ mn‡hvMxZv Kiv nq|
mn‡hvMxZv Ki‡e! wZwb ej‡jb, †Zvgiv wK cÖavbZt Ggb †jvK bexi f³ ev Abymvix‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB
¯^xKvi Ki‡j? Ges Gm¤^‡Ü Avgvi Aw½Kvi MÖnY ˆZix nIqv ev Kiv mnR I wbZvš— ¯^vfvweK| AZGe GB
Ki‡j? Zviv ej‡jv, Avgiv ¯^xKvi Kijvg| wZwb ¸iZ¡c~Y© welqwU G¶‡Y Gfv‡eI MÖnY Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †h,
ej‡jb, †Zvgiv mv¶x _vK Ges AvwgI †Zvgv‡`i ¯^qs bex ¯^ n‡¯— ˆZix DËivwaKvi wb‡qvM; hv‡Z
mv¶x _vKjvg| c¶cvwZZ¡, mskq, m‡›`n ev `jv`wji my‡hvM bv _v‡K|
Bnvi ci hviv weg~L n‡e,ZvivB mZ¨ Z¨vMx I Ô†Zvgv‡`i cÖ`Ë †KZve, ‡nKgZ ev Ávb-weÁvb, Kjv
c_åó e‡j MY¨ n‡e| †KŠk‡ji welq Ôkc_ Ki!Õ A_©vr †Zvgv‡K hv †`qv n‡q‡Q
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi e¨vL¨vq kwiq‡Zi KvíwbK wek¦vm †h:
jvI‡n gvndz‡R A_ev ARvbv RvqMvq Avj−vni mfvcwZ‡Z¡ wVK AweKj mZ¨ ¯^Ë¡ †Zvgvi mg_©K/g‡bvbxZ Avi
160

GKRb‡K w`‡q Avm‡e †hb wZj cwigvYI K…cYZv ev Ggb bwRi Beªvwng-BmgvBj-BmnvK I jyZ; Ggivb, g~Qv
†Mvcb Kiv bv nq; BnvB bex-ivQyj‡`i me©cÖavb I nvi“b; g~Qv I Kw_Z wLwRi cÖf„wZi Dcgv D‡j−L‡hvM¨|
Aw½Kvi| GB Aw½Kvi i¶v‡_© ivQyj‡K mveavb K‡i ZvQvov Avqv‡Z ¯úóB ejv n‡q‡Q †h, ÔQy¤§v hvqvK¡yg
†`qv nq: ivQyjybÕ A_©: ÔAZrci ‡Zvgv‡`i wbKU †Kvb ivQyj
Bqv AvBqynvivQyjy-- Kv‡dixb| [5:gv‡q`v-67] A_©: †n Avm‡j;Õ GLv‡b ÔivQyjÕ kãwU ÔAv‡jgyb (Ávbx‡jvK),
ivQyj! †Zvgvi ie& †_‡K †Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZ©xY© n‡q‡Q Zv ivRyjyb (gvbyl), Ajv`yb (evjK) BZ¨vw` k‡ãi gZB
†cuŠ‡Q `vI; hw` bv `vI Z‡e †Zv Zzwg e¨_© n‡j ( Aw½Kvi Awbw`©ó we‡kl¨ (GQ&‡g bv‡KivZzb) ; GQ‡g gv‡idvZ ev
f½ Ki‡j)--| wbw`©ó bvg ev wbw`©ó ivQyj eySv‡Z Ô‡gvnv¤§` (mv:) ev ÔAvi
bex‡`i cÖavb `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ hv Zuviv cÖvß n‡q‡Qb Zv wVK ivQyjÕ kãwU e¨eüZ nqwb; Avi Ô‡kl bexÕi †Kvb AvKvi
wVK †cuŠ‡Q ‡`qv| bex‡`i wK †`qv nq! ‡`qv nq bweb Bw½ZI Avqv‡Z †bB| Dwj−wLZ e¨vL¨v-we‡k−l‡Yi mg_©‡b
†cÖiYv (beyqZ-†iQvjZ), ‡KZve,evYx ev myÎ (Awn) Ges wbæ AvqvZwU j¶bxq:
Ávb, ¸Y, ¶gZv (†nKgZ)| Ô‡cuŠ‡Q †`qviÕ A_© wZwb hv-B 19. A GR-- Avjxg| [33:AvnRve-7, 8] A_©: ¯§iY
cÖvß n‡q‡Qb, aviY K‡i‡Qb wVK ZvB-B †kªYx‡f‡` Ab¨‡K Ki! hLb Avwg bex‡`i [cÖ‡Z¨K bexi] wbKU †_‡K
aviY Kwi‡q †`qv, `vwqZ¡ cÖ`vb Kiv A_©vr `ywbqvq Dchy³ AsMxKvi MÖnY K‡iwQjvg Ges †Zvgvi wbKU
cv‡Î †i‡L hvIqv| †cuŠ‡Q †`qvi g~j ev mnR mij kZ© ev †_‡KI Ges b~n, Beªvwng, g~mv, gwiq‡gi cyÎ CQv,
cÖgvb cÖavbZt BnvB; AZtci wØZxq cÖavb welq n‡jv Zv‡`i wbKU †_‡KI MÖnY K‡iwQjvg `„X AsMxKvi|
mwe©K cÖPvi| ïay evYx †cuŠ‡Q †`qvi †KvbB g~j¨vqY †bB mZ¨ev`xw`M‡K Zv‡`i mZZv m¤^‡Ü Revew`wn
KviY Avey‡h‡nj‡`i Kv‡QI †cuŠ‡Q †`qv n‡qwQj| Kivi Rb¨|
¯^qs bex n‡q AÁvZ Avi GK bexi Dci Cgvb Avbv I Dc‡i 3:81 bs Avqv‡Z ewY©Z kwiq‡Zi aviYv¸wj †h
mvnvh¨-mn‡hvMxZv Kivi A_© Avcb bexZ¡ Z¨vM ev we‡jvc KíbvB gvÎ Zv D³ Avqv‡Z AviI wbwðr K‡i‡Q|
K‡i Ab¨ bexi D¤§Z n‡q ZviB mvnvh¨ mg_©b Kiv! hv Avngw`qv‡`i `k©YwUi AvswkK mZ¨ ‡h, ¯^qs †gvnv¤§`‡KI
G‡Kev‡iB Aev¯—e Kíbv| ZvQvov giv bexMY Cgvb (mv) [†Zvgvi wbKU †_‡KI] kc_ Kiv‡bv nq| wKš‘
Avb‡e, mvnvh¨ Ki‡e; Cgvb bv Avb‡j Avj−vni c~e© mw¤§jxZ †RZv-giv bex‡`i kc_ mfvi Kíbv,
wbe©vwPZ bexMY ÔmZ¨ Z¨vMx,c_ åó A_©vr Kv‡di e‡j MY¨ †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) Dci mKj bex‡`i Cgvb Avbv, †kl bex
n‡e!Õ GB A™¢yZ `k©Y wbZvš— weåvwš—Ki| Ô‡cuŠ‡QÕ †`qv ev gZev` A_ev wgR©v †Mvjvg Avng`‡K bex g‡bvbqb
mvnvh¨-mn‡hvMxZv Kivi A_©B g„Zz¨i c~‡e© ¯^ ˆZwi,¯^- BZ¨vw` ‡Kvb Avqv‡ZB mg_©b K‡i bv|
g‡bvbxZ, m‡gvchy³ f³ ev cÖwZwbwai Dci `vwqZ¡ Ac©b ivQy‡ji Awn cÖvwß †_‡KB wZwb w`b-ivZ cÖwZ g~ûZ© ch©š—
K‡i Rbmgv‡R cÖPvi I cÖwZôv K‡i †`qv| AZtci cÖPvi Kv‡R e¨ß wQ‡jb| Zvic‡iI 5gv‡q`v-:67 bsmn
ci¤úivq bex-ivQy‡ji g‡bvwbZ DËivwaKvix‡K hviv D³ KwVY mveavb evYx †Kb! KviY ïay evYxB bq Avqv‡Z
gvb‡e Zviv myc_ cv‡e A‡b¨iv weåvš— e‡j MY¨ n‡e| ejv n‡q‡Q †h, Ôhv-B wKQy †`qv n‡q‡QÕ A_©vr byeyqZ,
BnvB wb‡æi 33:AvnRve-8 Avqv‡Z Ôm‡Z¨i mZZvi †nKgZ meB †cuŠ‡Q w`‡Z n‡e| myZivs ïay wKZve †cuv‡Q
mv¶x ev Revew`wnZvÕ e‡jB cÖZxqgvb nq| w`‡jB Aw½Kvi c~Y© nIqvi bq| ZvQvov `ywbqvi mKj
161

gvbyl GgbwK mKj †`‡kI evYx †cuŠ‡Q †`qv †Kvb bexi GKvš— Nwbó‡`i [c~Y©f³] ga¨ †_‡KB ciewZ© bexi
c‡¶B m¤¢e wQj bv Ges m¤¢e nqwb| †gvnv¤§`I (mv) AvMgb/g‡bvbqb we‡klfv‡e cwijw¶Z nq; Gi ¯^-c‡¶
K‡qKwU Av‡m-cv‡ki †`k Qvov Avj−vni evYx †cuŠQv‡Z †Kviv‡bi myKwVb cÖgvY j¶bxq:
cv‡ib wb| G‡nb †cuŠQv‡bvÕi cÖ‡kœ kwiqZ ¯^qs ivQyj‡KI Beªvnx‡gi (mv) DËivaxKvix BmgvBj I BmvnvK (mv) ;
Zvi `vwqZ¡-KZ©e¨ I wek¦RwbbZvi †¶‡Î ¸i“Zi cÖ‡kœi Beªvnx‡gi bvwZ BqvKze (mv); GgbwK Zvi fv‡Mœ jyZ (mv);
m¤§yLxb K‡i †d‡j‡Q| Zviv GKB Kv‡ji ci¤úivq GKB mgv‡Ri Pvi/cuvP Rb
‡KZve I †nKgZ †Kvb wKQyB †Mvcb Kivi AwaKvi bex wQ‡jb| myjvqgvb (mv) Zuvi wcZv `vD‡`I (mv)
bex‡`i †bB: DËivwaKvix wQ‡jb| n gyQvi (mv) DËivwaKvix wQ‡jb nviƒb
A gv Kvbv-- jv BDRjvgyb| [3: Ggivb-161] (mv), DfqB GKB Kvj I mgv‡Ri `yB bex| Kw_Z nq
A_©:Ab¨vqfv‡e †Kvb wKQy †Mvcb Ki‡e, Bnv bexi c‡¶ gyQvi (mv) k¦ïi GgivbI (mv) bex wQ‡jb| wewe gwiq‡gi
Am¤¢e| Ges †Kn Ab¨vqfv‡e wKQy †Mvcb Ki‡j, hv †m evev CQvi (mv) bvbv Ggivb (mv); BqvKze (mv) bexi
†Mvcb Ki‡e DÌv‡Yi w`b †m DnvB wb‡q Avm‡e| AZtci DËivwaKvix wQ‡jb Zvi Ab¨Zg †Q‡j BDmyd (mv) cÖf„wZ|
cÖ‡Z¨K‡K hv †m AR©b K‡i‡Q Zv c~Y© gvÎvq †`qv n‡e| A_©vr msL¨v Mwiô bex-ivQyjMY Rxeb mvqv‡ý Zv‡`i
Zv‡`i cÖwZ †Kvb Ryjyg Kiv n‡e bv| DËivwaKvix wbhy³ K‡i wM‡q‡Qb|
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, AvqvZwUi kv‡b bRy‡j kwiqZ e‡j, ÔGK wbtmš—vb bex RvKvixqv e„×ve¯’vq DËivwaKvixi Afv‡e
Qvnvev KZ…©K ivQyj‡K (mv) Pv`i †Mvcb ev Pzixi wg_¨vcev` nZvm n‡q Avj−vni Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv K‡ib †h, †K Zvi `k©‡Yi
Ges Zv LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ AvqvZwU bvwRj nq | [myÎ: Avj- i¶K n‡e Ges †mB cÖv_©bv Abyhvqx RvKvixqvi eÜv, e„×v
‡Kvivbyj Kixg, BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb; evsjv‡`k; dzU‡bvU ¯¿xi M‡f© Rb¥ nq DËivwaKvix BqvnBqvi (mv)|
bs-242]| gnv bexi wei“‡× nvw`mwU kwiq‡Zi `ytmvnwmK ABb †LdZzg-- ivw`qvb--Qvwgqvb| [19:gwiqg-5-7]
I ¶gvi A‡hvM¨ a„ôZv e‡jB g‡b nq| A_©: Avwg AvksKv Kwi Avgvi ci Avgvi ¯^‡MvÎxqw`‡Mi
mKj bexMYB Avj−vni Kv‡Q Ô‡cuŠ‡Q †`qviÕ KwVY m¤ú‡K©; Avgvi ¯¿x eÜv; myZivs Zzwg †Zvgvi wbKU †_‡K
Aw½Kv‡i `vqe×| Z‡e G K_v mZ¨ †h, bexMY GB Avgv‡K `vb Ki DËivwaKvix; †h Avgvi DËivw`KvwiZ¡
Aw½Kvi c~Y© Ki‡jI RbmvaviY e¨w³ I `‡ji wnsmv I Ki‡e Ges DËivwaKvwiZ¡ Ki‡e BqvKz‡ei es‡ki Ges †n
†jv‡fi Kvi‡Y Zv i¶v Ki‡Z m¶g nbwb e‡jB bex‡`i Avgvi cÖwZcvjK! Zv‡K KwiI m‡š—vmfvRb| wZwb
D¤§ZMY AwZ mvgvb¨ mgq e¨wZ‡i‡K mK‡jB Z¡wor weåvš— ej‡jb,Ô †n RvKvwiqv ! Avwg †Zvgv‡K GK cy‡Îi mymsev`
, c_ åó n‡q‡Q| w`w”Q, Zvi bvg n‡e BqvnBqv--|
GKgvÎ gvbe Kj¨v‡Y DrmMx©Z bex‡`i Rxeb-giY, a¨vb- eZ©gvb we‡k¦i kvwnev`,kvZš¿, mgvRZš¿, cÖRvZš¿, MYZš¿,
Zcm¨v I `k©bvw` cÖPvi-cÖwZôv Kivi c‡i, ciewZ©‡Z Zv Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K¨ev` BZ¨vw` †h‡Kvb ev` ejv †nvK bv †Kb!
i¶‡Yi e¨e¯’v bv K‡iB Zviv P‡j hv‡eb, Zv GgbwK cÖavbZt Dnv GKK ev‡`iB eûg~Lx weK…Z I wew¶ß iƒc
mvaviY gvby‡liI hyw³‡Z Avm‡Z cv‡i bv Ges Bnv gvÎ| mKj Z‡š¿i GgbwK cwievi, mgvR, Awdm-
cÖvK…wZK, mvgvwRK ev weÁvb wfwËKI bq| Av`vjZ, msm` gvwjK-g¨v‡bRi ev GKRb cwZ _vK‡ZB
bex‡`i Dci Awc©Z wewfbœ `vwqZ¡ I kZ©vw`i g‡a¨ Dwj−wLZ nq Ges Zv mKj ev` KZ©„K ¯^xK…Z I mgv`„Z; GgbwK cï
kZ©wU me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ges †kªô `vwqZ¡; mgMÖ †Kviv‡b cw¶i g‡a¨I Ggb bwRi kvkZ¡|
ewY©Z Gi †P‡q eo I KwVb `vwqZ¡ I kc_ bex‡`i Avi we‡k¦i hvewZq Avwe¯‹vi, BR‡gi g~j cÖeZ©K, ms¯‹viK
GKwUI †bB| †m Kvi‡YB `~i AZx‡Zi BwZnv‡m bexi GKK fMev‡bi GKK e¨w³ ev e¨w³Z¡| H GKK e¨w³i
162

Avwe¯‹…Z gZev` i¶‡Yi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© fywgKv cvjY K‡i msL¨v ˆZix K‡i †i‡LwQ‡jb e‡jB ¯^ B”Qvi wei“‡× Ig‡ii
Mwiô mg_©b, hvi bvg MYZš¿| mgvRZš¿, MYZš¿ ev ag© cÖwZev` D‡c¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| D`vniYwU Avj−vn
Z‡š¿i †kªóZg cÖavb gš¿ †fv‡Mi †¶‡Î †cU I wc‡Vi Av`g-AvRvwR‡ji NUbvi m‡½I wKQyUv Zzjbv Kiv †h‡Z
mgvwaKvi; wKš‘ gv_vi ev †bZ…‡Z¡i mgvwaKvi bq! ‡bZv mr cv‡i| A_©vr AvRvwR‡ji `vexwU hyw³i Dc‡i Avj−vn
n‡j ev msL¨v Mwiô RbmvaviY m‡PZb I mr n‡j wew¶ß AMÖvn¨ Ki‡Z cv‡i wb|
gZ& I ev`¸wj cÖjvc e‡j MY¨ n‡e! A_ev †h †Kvb Zš¿ AviI mnR D`vniY: evevi 4 cy‡Îi g‡a¨ †h‡Kvb
djcÖmy n‡e; A_©vr mrZš¿, kvwš—ev` ev gvbeZvev‡`i Kv‡Q GKRb‡K DËivwaKvi g‡bvbxZ Ki‡j Aewkó‡`i ev`-
hvewZq mKj Zš¿ AvZ¥ûwZ †`q| cÖwZev` evevi gbtcyZ bv n‡jI Lye mn‡RB ev mKj
Z‡e i‡³i m¤úK© Ávb ev †Ljvd‡Zi g~j I cÖavb gvb`Û †¶‡ÎB evev D‡c¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv, KviY evev msNvZ
bq e‡U! wKš‘ Bnv A‡bK ‡¶‡ÎB ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f‚wgKv cvjY Gwo‡q mK‡jiB g½j Kvgbv K‡ib| cÖKvk _v‡K †h,
K‡i, hLb Ôf³Õ I Ôi³Õ `yÕ‡Uv GKB m‡½ hy³ nq| †hgb: G‡nb ¯úl©KvZi mv¤¢ve¨ msNvZ gxgvskvi myÎ 3;81 bs
ÁvbvR©‡b mvaviY wk¶v cÖavb kZ© bq e‡U wKš‘ AwaKvsk Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y wkqvMY cwiev‡ii e‡qv‡Rvô‡KB
†¶‡ÎB ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f~wgKv cvjb K‡i hw` Zv gvÎ wk¶vi †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖvavb¨ w`‡q _v‡Kb; Avi GB GKB hyw³‡ZB
k„sL‡j e›`x n‡q bv _v‡K| Ávb, ¸Y I †hvM¨Zvi e‡qv‡Rvô †gvm‡jg Avjxi †LjvdZxi wØZxq cÖavb hyw³
DËivwaKv‡ii m‡½ i‡³i DËivwaKvi hy³ n‡j †mUv DÌvcb K‡ib|
m‡e©v”P †hvM¨Zv wnmv‡e wZwbB nb P‚ovš— DËivwaKvix| Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi kZ© I ciewZ© NUbv Abyhvqx kxqvMY
gnvbexI Dwj−wLZ kZ© g‡Z Nwbó‡`i ga¨ †_‡K gvÎ c~e©ewZ© 3 Ljxdv‡K A¯^xKvi K‡ib [hw`I Zviv Ljxdv
K‡qKRb‡K H c‡`i Rb¨ wbR nv‡Z Dchy³ K‡i M‡o wQ‡jb; hw`I Awbevh© Kvi‡YI evc‡K A¯^xKvi Kiv hvq
Zz‡jwQ‡jb Ges ZvivI Zv m~¶¥ Áv‡b AeMZ wQ‡jb| Ges bv] Ges Avjx †_‡KB DËivwaKvix BgvwgqvZ Z‡š¿ wek¦vmx
Kw_Z nq †h, we`vq n‡¾i ci gw`bv wdiwZ c‡_ ÔMvw`‡i n‡q Avm‡Qb [hw`I Avjx Awbevh© Kvi‡Y Z…Zxq ev‡iI
LygÕ bvgK gi“`¨v‡b j¶ Qvnvevi Dcw¯’wZ‡Z H †LjvdZ cÖvß n‡qwQ‡jb bv]| wKš‘ Zv‡`i ciewZ©
K‡qKR‡bi ga¨ †_‡K P‚ovš—fv‡e Avjx‡KB ciewZ© BgvgwZi wQjwQjv Ávb, ¸‡Yi DËivwaKvixi Dci AwaK
DËivwaKvix †NvlYv w`‡qwQ‡jb hv kxqv‡`i BwZnv‡m gvBj ¸i“Z¡ bv w`‡q eis GKgvÎ i‡³i DËivwaKvixi DciB
djK n‡q Av‡Q| mgMÖ nvw`m I BwZnv‡m j¶ Qvnvevi me©vwaK ¸i“Z¡ w`‡q‡Qb e‡jB Zv‡`i BgvwgqvZI weZwK©Z
cÖKvk¨ mv¶x msewjZ nvw`m GB GKwUB gvÎ; wØZxqwU wQj nq Ges †kl ch©š— e¨_©Zvq ch©emwZ nq; eû Uvbv-†nPovq
Zvui Idv‡Zi NUbv; wKš‘ GB `yÕwU nvw`m wb‡qI gZwe‡iva 6-7-8 I 12 Bgvg ch©š— `j-Dc`‡j wef³ n‡q
I weZ‡K©i †kl †bB| ZvB Avgv‡`i mybœxMY †m BwZnvm ÔBgvwgqvZÕGi hewbKv cvZ& nq| eû eQi c‡i Bgvg
j¶ Qvnvev mgw_©Z nvw`m wnsmvi Kvi‡Y ¸i“Z¡B †`b bv| †Lv‡gbx cybivq Zv ejer K‡ib, wKš‘ ZvÕI weZwK©Z|
AviI Kw_Z nq †h, GgbwK bexi Rxeb mvqv‡ý Avjx‡KB ZeyI mybœx‡`i †P‡q Zviv fv‡jvB Av‡Qb †h‡nZz Zv‡`i
cÖ_g Ljxdv wnmv‡e wjwLZ g‡bvbqb w`‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb `j-Dc`‡ji g‡a¨ †Zgb †Kvb D‡j−L‡hvM¨ SMov-weev`,
wKš‘ Ig‡ii `„p cÖwZev‡`i Rb¨ 99 kZvsk mdj bexi LybvLybx †bB|
†kl Rxe‡b wKQyUv †kvK,Zvc, `ytL I AkÖ“ wm³ †Pv‡L †kl Z‡e Zv‡`i GKUz mij I wbi‡c¶fv‡e wPš—v Kiv DwPr †h,
wbtk¦vm Z¨vM Ki‡Z n‡qwQj| G Qvov Avi †Kvb c_I AvR Avgv‡`i †_‡K Avjx hZ`~‡i AveyeKi, ImgvbI [iv]
†Lvjv wQj bv ; KviY Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwUi KwVb kZ© ZZ `~‡i; ZvB Zv‡`i ¯^xKvi Kiv bv Kiv DfqB mgvb|
Abymv‡i H GKvwaK e¨w³‡`i‡K Ávb, ¸Y w`‡qB wZwb wKš‘ bexi MVbZš¿ GKKfv‡eB mKj bvwZ-cywZi wbK‡UB
163

Ges eZ©gvb| AZGe `~i AZx‡Zi evc-`v`v‡`i welq †h, Bewjm hLb e‡jwQj, ÔAvwg gvby‡li AYy-cigvYy‡Z
wemsev` gš’b K‡i Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ Amn‡hvM, wnsmv, Ae¯’vb K‡i weåvš— Ki‡ev|Õ [iƒcK] AZtci Avj−vn Zvi
LybvLybx esk ci¤úivq wRB‡q ivLv mvgwMÖK I mg~n¶wZ `vexi we‡ivwaZv bv K‡i eis Zvi K‡g©i AwR©Z ¶gZvi
Qvov Kj¨vY wKQy nq wb, n‡eI bv Ges Zv cÖK…Z avg©x‡Ki ¯^xK…wZ w`‡q e‡jb, ÒAvi wbðqB Avwg Zv‡`i‡K w`‡q
cwiPqI bq| AviI we‡ePbv Kiv DwPr †h Avjx‡K Avgiv Rvnvbœvg c~Y© Ki‡ev|Ó
hZB Dchy³ Ges †hfv‡eB g~j¨vqY Kwi bv †Kb †kl ch©š— Bewjm KLb, wKfv‡e, wK Ae¯’vq Rx‡ei AYy-cigvYy‡Z
†LjvdZx †c‡qI c~e©eZx© Ljxdv‡`i gZB eis Z`‡c¶v Ae¯’vb K‡i c_ åó K‡i †d‡j, †m †PZbv I Abyf‚wZ
AwaK e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ †h Kvi‡YB †nvK nviv‡bv HwZn¨ wb®úvc wb®‹jyl ‡e‡n¯— wbevmx cyZ cweÎ Av`g nvIqviI
cybt wdwi‡q Avb‡Z cv‡ib wb| Z‡e GK_vI wVK †h Avjx ¶gZvi evB‡i wQj| Avj−vn, kqZvb-†d‡i¯—v, Rxeb-
†_‡K †LjvdZ ïi“ n‡j Bmjv‡gi BwZnvm Ab¨ iK‡gi g„Zz¨i gZB GKK †K‡›`ª Ae¯’vb, gvby‡li ü`‡qi g‡a¨B
†jLv n‡Zv e‡U! wKš‘ †m wPš—v K‡i ïayB wnsmv Avi gvZg myi-Amyi ; cv_©K¨ K‡i GKwbó mvabvjã [QvjvZ]
Avi gvZ‡gAvjxi j¶¨ I D‡Ïk¨ ev¯—evqY Kiv m¤¢e bq, †cÖiYv, ZË¡Ávb I †PZbv kw³| AZGe, cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki AvÍ-
m¤¢eci nq wb, n‡eI bv| mgv‡jvPbv, AvÍ we‡k−lY I AvÍ-m‡PZb _vKv gyû‡Z©i
c¶vš—‡i myybœxMY Ávb-¸‡Yi DËivwaKvixi †gŠwLK gvÎ Rb¨I Acwinvh©|
†`vnvB w`‡q, GKgvÎ wnsmvi Kvi‡Y bexi i‡³i ag© cvjY I aviY wbw`©ó †Kvb e¨w³ ev `‡ji Rb¨ bq eis
DËivwaKvi mg~‡j AMÖvn¨ K‡ib; GgbwK cÖKv‡k¨- GwU wbZvš— wb‡Ri ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨| wKš‘ Avw`Kvj †_‡KB
AcÖKv‡k¨ bex esk mg~‡j wbcvZ& K‡i eis kw³i c_ I gZ& mvaviY gvbyl e¨w³ I `j KZ©„K me©`vB cÖfvweZ n‡q evK-
‡e‡Q †bb, AZtci Avcb i‡³i DËivwaKvi envj K‡ib; weZÛv I LybvLybx K‡i Avi Zv‡Z e¨w³ I `‡ji ¯^v_© D×vi
hvi d‡j gyqvweqv, GwR`, gviIqvb web nvKvg,Avj nq gvÎ, mvaviY gvbyl nq cwjwQ I cwiw¯’wZi wkKvi,
gyZvIqvK¡xj,Avj-gybQyi cÖgyLMY Ljxdv nIqvi my‡hvM fv‡M¨ nq ïb¨, BnKv‡jI ciKv‡jI|
cvb; H Lwjdv bv‡g ev`kvMY GgbwK gnvbexi bKj Rvgv 20. bex-ivQyj cybt AvMg‡bi wei“‡× kwiq‡Zi †Nvi
Mv‡q w`‡qI DËivwaKvi cÖgv‡b a„óZv †`Lv‡Zb; Zviv AvcwË _vK‡jI we‡k¦i mKj †gvm‡jgB ˆ`wbK
Ggbfv‡e wkKo †M‡o‡Qb hv AvR 14 kZ ermi hver cuvP evi bvgv‡R bex-ivQyj nIqvi Rb¨ Av‡e`b-
envj Zweq‡Z GKgvÎ kw³ I i‡³i DËivwaKvi my‡Î wb‡e`b K‡i _v‡Kb e‡U!
†fvM-wejvm K‡i Avm‡Qb| Z‡e mybœx‡`i cxi-¸i“ev`xMY Bnw`bvw”Qiv-Z¡vj gy¯—vK¡xg; wQivZ¡vj−vRxbv Avb AvgZv
Kg-‡ewk AvRI H `k©b AbymiY Ki‡Qb e‡U! wKš‘ AvjvBwng| [1:dv‡Znv-5,6] Abyev`:
kwiq‡Zi KwíZ AivQvZzj Avw¤^qv I bv‡q‡e bex A_©vr b¨vq c‡_ PvjvBI †gv‡`‡i
bex‡`i DËivwaKvix I bexi †m‡µUvix‡`i gZB †`‡ki P‚ovš— Zwor c×wZ‡Z
Avbv‡P Kvbv‡P ag© e¨emv we¯—vi jvf K‡i‡Q| GgbwK cxi h_vh_ c‡_ Zv‡`i
evevi mg~n †Q‡j-mš—vbMYB GK‡hv‡M ‡LjvdZx †c‡q cyi¯‹vi weZwoQ
cxi †LZv‡e fywlZ n‡”Qb! A_©vr kwiqZ K‡i gmwR` Dc‡i hv‡`i|
e¨emv! gv‡idvZ K‡i gvRvi e¨emv! c¶vš—‡i ayi›`i, [Abyev` †cÖ: cÖv: gwReyj nK]
cÖZviK ivRbxwZKMY K‡ib MYZ‡š¿i bv‡g RvZxq Av`g cÖavbZt Avj−vni cyi¯‹vi cÖvßMY †h bex-ivQyjMY; Zv‡Z
e¨emv! Kv‡iv wØ-gZ †bB; Avi †m b¨vq c‡_i P‚ovš— ev ‡kl
mK‡jiB cybt ¯§iY ivLv `iKvi Ges m‡PZb _vKv `iKvi mxgvI bex-ivQyj ch©š— Zv‡ZI Kv‡iv wØ-g‡Zi AeKvk
164

†bB| wKš‘ †Kvb bvgvRxB 25, 50, wK¤^v 90-99% kZvsk GZKvj †Kb bex Av‡mb wb A_ev AvmwQ‡jb wKbv! Gi
ch©š— H c‡_ P‡j nVvr _g‡K `uvov‡eb, AZtci Avi DËi ¯^qs bex G‡mB cÖ`vb Ki‡eb ; Z‡e wbæ ewY©Z AvqvZwUi
AMÖmi n‡eb bv ev n‡jB cvc n‡e; Ggb †Kvb A½xKvi g‡a¨ wKQyUv n‡jI DËi Lyu‡R cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i| AviI cvIqv
bvgv‡R †KD K‡i _v‡Kb bv! hv‡e ZviI wb‡æ:
21. bex-ivQyjMY m„wói †kªô; Zv‡Z Kv‡iv wØ-gZ Avwg †Zvgvi c~‡e© AmsL¨ ivQyj †cÖiY K‡iwQ| hv‡`i
†bB; AZtci wek¦¯’ mr cwikªgxMYI †h m„wói Kv‡iv Kv‡iv K_v †Zvgvi wbKU wee„Z K‡iwQ Ges Kv‡iv Kv‡iv
†kªô; Zv‡ZI Kv‡iv wØgZ _vKvi my‡hvM †bB| K_v †Zvgvi wbKU wee„Z Kwiwb| Avj−vni AbygwZ e¨ZxZ †Kvb
KviY: f³ I mr cwikªgxMYB m„wói †kªô| Awn [AvqvZ] cÖKvk Kiv †Kvb bexi KvR b‡n| Avj−vni Av‡`k
[98:evBGbv-6] n‡jB cÖKvk K‡ib--| [40:gywgb-78]
AZGe Ges G¶‡Y Ô†kl bex, bex Avi Avm‡e bvÕ BZ¨vw` c~‡e©i AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj‡`i bvg cwiPq cÖKvk Kiv nq wb
m¤^wÜq †Qnv‡QËvi Qwnn& (?) nvw`m¸wj Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Zi e‡jB Av`gc~e© BwZnv‡mi gZB Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q AvRI ARvbv
Av‡jv‡K GKRb ivQyj ev bexi m‡½ m„wói †kªó e¨w³wUi i‡q‡Q| g~Qvi (mv) c‡iI 1/2 bq eis µgvMZ bex-ivQyj
cv_©K¨ ‡Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K G¶zwY wbi“cb Kiv DwPr! Avm‡Qb| (`ª: ÔAmsL¨ bex-ivQyj‡`i nw`m †Kv_vqÕ A_¨vq)
cÖK…Z ÁvbxMY Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU †`‡L nZevK n‡eb e‡U! gvby‡li fvev DwPr †h, cÖK…wZi †Kvb wKQyB eÜ nq wb, nq
kwiq‡Zi `„wó‡Z m„wói †kªô GKgvÎ gyn¤§` [mv] ; c¶vš—‡i bv| Avj−vn GLbI gvby‡li K_v †kv‡b, †`‡L, ingZ el©Y
¯^qs ‡mB gynv¤§‡`i (mv) gy‡LB †Kviv‡b Avj−vni nvw`mwU K‡i, fv‡½-M‡o| wKš‘ gvÎ GKwU welq: c~‡e© K_v ej‡Zv
†gvmjgvbMY kZ-j¶ evi †`‡LI ‡`L‡Z Pvb bv! eis wKš‘ Ô†gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) c‡i Avi K_v ej‡eb bvÕ Ggb wek¦vm
B”Qvq-Awb”Qvq AeÁv, A¯^xKvi Ki‡Qb! GKgvÎ P‚ovš— ee©iZv gvÎ! hyw³B ev wK! hyw³ n‡jv: †Kvivb c~Y© K‡i
†evLvix‡`i (i) Dci Bgvb Avbvi Kvi‡Y| †`qv n‡q‡Q| ÔAvR †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ †Zvgv‡`i Øxb c~Y©vsM
msL¨v Mwiô †gvmjgvbMY hLb GB cÖZviYv eyS‡Z cvi‡eb Kijvg| †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Avgvi AbyMÖn c~Y© Kijvg Ges
‡h, wkqv Dc`j †_‡K AvMZ Pvi Bgvg I Bivb †_‡K Bmjvg‡K Øxb wnmv‡e g‡bvbxZ Kijvg|Õ BZ¨vw`|
AvMZ Qq BgvbMY gnvbexi bvg fvw½‡q nvw`m iPbv K‡i AvqvZwU‡Z kvwš—ev`‡K [Bmjvg‡K] ¯’vqx `xb wnmv‡e
†Kvivb‡K mg~‡j wM‡j †d‡j‡Q Ges †gvm‡jg RvwZ‡K g‡bvwbZ Kiv n‡q‡Q †mB-B gnv‡`e-Av`g, eª¤§v-Beªvnx‡gi
UzKiv UzKiv K‡i †d‡j‡Qb! Ghver Kvj Zviv †evLvix‡`i Avgj †_‡KB| myZivs AvqvZwU‡Z bex-ivQyj Avmv bv Avmvi
(i) D¤§Z n‡qB wQ‡jb ev Av‡Qb ZLb †_‡KB †KvivwbK †Kvb AvjvgZ †bB|
Bmjv‡gi myPYv n‡e| ïay †KvivbB bq, AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx MÖš’B Bmjvg ev
AZGe †klev‡ii gZ cvVK‡`i cybt ¯§iY Kiv DwPr †h, kvwš—ev`, mKj mgv‡Ri Rb¨ c~Y© n‡qB Avm‡Q; c~Y© †KZve
Avj−vn †NvlYv K‡ib †h, †h †KD wbijm mvabv K‡i wem„Z n‡q weeZ©‡bi avivq c~Y© n‡qB cybt cybt Av‡m-
Zv‡KB wZwb byeyqvwZ `vb K‡ib/Ki‡eb; wZwb mvavi‡Yi hvq; †Kvivb †`Lyb:
ga¨ †_‡K Kg©¸Y m¤úbœavix‡`i ga¨ †_‡K hLb hv‡K B”Qv 22.K. A jvKv`-- BD‡gbyb| [7:Avivd-52] A_©: Aek¨
Zv‡KB byeyqvwZ `vb K‡ib/ Ki‡eb| Zv‡`i Ggb GKLvbv †KZve w`‡qwQjvg hv c~Y© Ávb
g~jZt mswk−ó nvw`m¸wj †h Qwnn& bq eis a‡g©i cÖavb I wek` e¨vL¨vmn Ges hv wQj †gv‡gb‡`i Rb¨
†kªóZg wf‡Zi Dci K‡Vvi c`vNvZ! Ges Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji c_-wb‡`©k I `qv [ingZ] ¯^iƒc|
bv‡g ¶gvi A‡hvM¨ RvwjqvZx wK bv! Zv bZzb K‡i †f‡e L. Qy¤§v-- BD‡gbyb| [6:AvbAvg-154]A_©: Ges
†`Lvi hyM mgvmbœ| gyQv‡K w`‡qwQjvg wKZve mrKg©civqY‡`i Rb¨; hv
165

mg¯— wel‡qi wek` e¨vL¨v (c~Y©) c_-wb‡`©k Ges c~Y© †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wePvi AvPvi n‡j gvbyl †Zv `~‡ii
`qv ¯^iƒc [A_©vr gyQvI we‡k¦i Rb¨ ingZ; K_v GKwU RxeI †invB cv‡e bv (35:dvwZi-45)! myZivs
[ingvZzwj−j Avjvgxb] hv‡Z Zviv Zv‡`i c~Y© Ac~Y© †Kviv‡bi g~j¨vqY wK! ¯^v_©KZvB ev wK! †KZv‡ei
cÖwZcvj‡Ki mv¶vr m¤^‡Ü wek¦vm K‡i| c„ôvi ci c„ôv Ly‡j wePvi n‡e bv; wePvi n‡e Ges
23. KLbI Ac~Y© ev Aa© bex, Ac~Y© MÖš’ †`qv n‡q‡Q e‡j AbeiZB n‡”Q ¯^-¯^ cªvß we‡eK-Áv‡bi my I Kz K‡g©i
†Kviv‡b mv¶¨-cÖgvY †bB| ‡jLv Av‡Q †h, ÔZv‡`i Dci| Hkx MÖš’ mZ¨-wg_¨v, Av‡`k-Dc‡`k, Ávb-
†KZv‡ei Ask †`qv n‡qwQj|Õ wKš‘ Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ؇qi weÁv‡bi w`K wb‡`©kbv gvÎ; AZxZ, eZ©gvb I fwel¨r
Abymi‡Y ‡KZv‡ei As‡ki cwie‡Z© ÔGKLÛ, †KZve LÛ, mKj Ávbx‡`i Kv‡QB AZxZ MÖ‡š’i gZB c~~Y© †Kviv‡bi
GKLvwb ev †KZveLvwb †`qv n‡qwQjÕ Abyev` Ki‡j H Ávb Ac~Y© Av‡Q, wQj Ges Ac~Y©B _vK‡e|
m‡›`nwU †jvc †c‡q †h‡Zv, †gvm‡jg mgvR weåvš— †_‡K cÖK…wZi AbeiZ AveZ©b-weeZ©b,cwieZ©bkxj, fvlv‡f‡`
gy³ _vK‡Z cviZ; †e`, kÖ“wZ,MxZv; ZIivZ, hveyi, BwÄj, bv‡gi cwieZ©b nq| kwiq‡Zi g‡Z cv`ªx, †MvmvB, VvKzi,
MÖš’mv‡ne BZ¨vw` GKLvwb †KZve, †KZveLvwb, wKZvewU †`eZv, AeZvi, eªvþY †gvmjgv‡bi g‡a¨ †Kvb w`b Av‡m
ev wKZve LÛ: Ac~Y© ev AvswkK e‡j †Kvb MÖ‡š’B D‡j−L wb, ˆ`evr ‡Kvb cÖwZwóZ cxi, Avj−vgvI hw` Bnvi GKwU
†bB| Z`ª“c †KvivbI ÔGKLÛ ‡KZve,Õ Ô†KZveLvwbÕ †LZve `vwe K‡i, Z‡e m‡½ m‡½B †h weZwK©Z n‡e
BZ¨vw`i ¯^-c‡¶ kxNÖB wb‡æ R¡jš— cÖgvY cvIqv hv‡e| Zv‡Z m‡›`n †bB; ZvB KLbI g‡bi fy‡jI Avm‡e bv;
m‡›`n _vK‡jI †Kvivb c~Y©, m‡›`n bv _vK‡jI †Kvivb †gvj−v, †gŠjex ev MvDm-KzZze Ab¨ †Kvb RvwZi g‡a¨I
AZx‡Zi gZB cwic~Y©; wKš‘ Zv‡Z Avgvi ev mgv‡Ri wK Av‡m wb, Avm‡eI bv BZ¨vw`i e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY Ki‡j fveyK
hvq-Av‡m! hZ¶Y ch©š— Avwg ev mgvR Áv‡b c~Y© bv nB! nb, jw¾Z nb wK‡kvi ÁvbxMYI|
jvI‡n gvndz‡Ri †KvivbI c~Y© n‡qB Av‡Q, Avj−vn, m„wó, 24. --bvidvD-- Avjxg| [12BDmyd-76] A_©: hv‡K
AvKvk, evZvm c~Y© BZ¨vw` cªkœ Aevš—i! c~Y© †KvivbB †h B”Qv Zv‡KB Avwg gh©v`vq DbœxZ Kwi/Kie;
†KZv‡ei Ask, AvswkK ev GKLÛ †KZve Zv ¯^qs †Kvivb cÖ‡Z¨K Ávbxi Dc‡i AwaK Ávbx Avj−vni `iev‡i
wb‡RB P¨v‡jÄ w`‡q †NvlYv K‡i (`ª: 31:†jvKgvb-27; gIRy` Av‡Q|
18:Kvnd-109)| bex-ivQyj AvMg‡Yi fwel¨r evYx Ki“K wK bv Ki“K!
AZGe 114wU Qyivq, 6,236wU Avqv‡Z Avj−vni evbx †kl †Kv_vI †jLv _vK ev bv _vK! m„wó hZw`b _vK‡e, Rb¥-
n‡q †Mj, c~Y© n‡q †Mj, Avj−vi Avi †Kvb evbx †bB, evbx gyZz¨ hZw`b Pj‡e, mZ¨-wg_¨v hZKvj RwoZ n‡q _vK‡e,
Avm‡e bv, `iKvi †bB BZ¨vw` †Kviv‡bi wei“‡× ¯^- ZZKvj ch©š— bex-ivQyj, Bgvg †gn`x , AeZvi, gybx-
†NvwlZ gš—e¨¸wj Ávbx‡`i cybivq M‡elYv Kiv Ri“ix| Flx, cqM¤^i I ‡divDb, Avey‡R‡nj, MWdv`vi,BqvRyR-
G¶‡Y K¬vwš— †eva Ki‡jI ¶vš— nIqv wVK bq; KviY gvRyR I nvi“Z-gvi“Z AbeiZ Avm‡ZB _vK‡e; Ges BnvB
welqwU gvbe Z_v gymwjg we‡k¦i †kªóZg ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq| cÖK…wZ| mnR-mij I wPiš—b evbx †`Lyb:
¯§iYxq †h, lvU eQi c~‡e©i G›UªvÝ, cqwÎk ermi c~‡e©i 25. gv Kvbv-- AvRxg| [3:Bgivb-179] A_©: wg_¨v‡K
g¨vwUªK Avi AvR‡Ki Gm. Gm. wm. Ges Zrmn mZ¨ †_‡K c„_K bv Kiv ch©š— †Zvgiv †h Ae¯’vq
mve‡RKwUf-Ae‡RKwUf wm‡jev‡mi †Kvb&wU c~Y© Avi [Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K; †gvbv‡dK-‡gv‡gb BZ¨vw` RMv-
†Kvb&wU Ac~Y© Av‡Q ev wQj! Avi †Kvb& †`‡ki wm‡jevmwU wLPzox ] _v‡Kv/_vK‡e, Avj−vn †m Ae¯’vq
eZ©gv‡b Ac~Y© Av‡Q! Avi fwel¨‡Z †Kvb †`‡ki †Zvgv‡`i ‡Q‡o ‡`b bv/†`‡eb bv| A`„k¨ fvÛvi
wm‡jevmwU c~Y© nIqvi A‡c¶vq Av‡Q! Avj−vn mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ Ly‡j †`b bv| Z‡e wZwb
166

hv‡K B”Qv Zv‡KB ivQyj g‡bvwbZ K‡i A`„k¨ ¸nvq gvm‡K gvm K‡Vvi a¨vb-mvabv K‡g©B Avj−vni
(ARvbv) m¤^‡Ü †Zvgv‡`i AewnZ Kivb/Kiv‡eb| ‡cÖibvq †cÖibvcÖvß ev Avj−vngq n‡qwQ‡jb|
myZivs †Zvgiv Avj−vn I Zvi ivQyj‡`i Dci Bgvb †nivi ¸nvq K‡Vvi mvabvq wbgMœ †gvnv¤§` (mv) Awn
AvwbI| †Zvgiv wek¦¯— _vK‡j Ges Dnv‡Z `„p †c‡qI wZwb Rvb‡Zb bv †h wZwb Avj−vni Awn cv‡”Qb,
_vK‡jB mdjZv Awbevh©| bex n‡”Qb| Kg© d‡ji Rb¨B GKB mgq GKB mgv‡R
nZevK †nvb: GgbwK GKB cwiev‡i GKvwaK bex-ivQy‡ji AvMgY
26.A gv Kvbv-- nvwKg| [42:ïiv-51] A_©: †`navix cwijw¶Z nq|
gvby‡li Ggb ¶gZv †bB †h, Avj−vni m‡½ mv¶vZ wK c~Y© Avi wK Ac~Y© BZ¨vw` wel‡qi Dci bex-ivQyj nIqv
K_v ejv; wKš‘ Awni gva¨g Qvov; c`©vi Aš—ivj bv nIqv wbf©i K‡i bv; wbf©i K‡i AvwgZ¡, gneŸZ, G‡i`v
Qvov A_ev `y‡Zi gva¨g Qvov; †h Zvi AbygwZµ‡g I G‡jg mvabvq e¨w³i c~Y© Ac~Y©Zvi Dci| µgvMZ bex-
wZwb hv Pvb Zv e¨³ K‡ib; wZwb m‡e©vP¨ ZË¡ ivQyj n‡j †divDb-Avey‡h‡njMY e¨ZxZ Avj−vn I
Ávbx| †gv‡gb‡`i fq, AvcwË ev weeªZ A_ev nZvm nIqvi wKQy
A_©vr byeyqvwZi 3wU myÎ ev c_: Awn= †cÖiYvÁvb, hv ü`‡q †bB| Avj−vn Pvq Ges †Kviv‡bi g~j gš¿B cÖ‡Z¨KwU gvbyl
¯^ ¯^ fvlvq †e‡R D‡V| c`©vi Avovj= fveev` ev `k©bÁvb Áv‡b-¸‡Y, †PZbv I ZË¡ Áv‡b c~Y©Zv jvf Ki“K, Avj−vni
A_©vr †Kv_v ‡_‡K Ávb cvq ev †K e‡j ‡`q, Zv Zvi Rvbv m‡½ ms‡hvM ¯’vcb Ki“K; Avj−vni isG iwÄZ †nvK!
_v‡K bv| `~‡Zi gva¨g= cÖK…wZ ev m„ó e¯‘i gva¨g; e¯‘i Avj−vngq (iveŸvbx) †nvK| ¯^qs Avj−vnB mKj Rx‡ei
M‡elYv, cix¶v-wbix¶vi Ávb A_©vr hv‡K weÁvb ejv ü`‡q Ae¯’vb, †m gvbylM‡Yi GK, GKvwaK Ges Z‡ZvwaK
bex-ivQyj nIqv ÔA¯^vfvweKÕ fvevUvB A¯^vfvweK g~L©Zv!
nq| 27.K. †QeMvZvj−vwn-- Avwe`yb| [2: evKviv-138] A_©:
Dwj−wLZ †Kvb& myÎwU Avj−vn eÜ K‡i‡Qb Ges †Kb! Zvi Avgiv MÖnY Kijvg Avj−vni iO, i‡O Avj−vn
hyw³ cÖgvb †Kv_vq! Zv G¶‡Y Ávbx‡`i fvwe‡q Zzj‡e; ZË¡ A‡c¶v †K AwaKZi my›`i? Ges Avgiv ZviB
I Z_¨ Ávb eÜ nIqvi aviYv I wek¦vm weÁv‡bi be be Bev`ZKvix|
Avwe¯‹v‡ii hy‡M Db¥v‡`i cÖjvc ‰e Avi wK ev nÕ‡Z cv‡i! L. gv Kv bv-- Zv`i“Qyb| [3:Bgivb-79] A_©: †Kvb
fvwe‡q Zzj‡e Kw_Z †gÕiv‡R gnvbexi Avj−vn `k©Y| e¨w³‡K Avj−vn wKZve, wnK&gZ I byeyqZ `vb Kivi
[†`Lyb Ôk‡e ‡gÕivRÕ cÖwZ‡e`b] ci †m gvbyl‡K ej‡e, ÔAvj−vni cwie‡Z© †Zvgiv
Rb¥ †_‡K g„Zz¨, Kg© †_‡K AeKvk, †QvU †_‡K eo, eo Avgvi `vm n‡q hvI!Õ Bnv Zvi Rb¨ †kvfb b‡n;
†_‡K e„nr, wekvj,AZzjbxq djvdj Av‡m e¨w³MZ, eis †m ej‡e, Ô†Zvgiv Avj−vngq [ieŸvbx] n‡q
cwieviMZ, eskMZ wZb Kv‡ji weewZ©Z Kg©¸‡Y| hveZxq hvI, †h‡nZz †Zvgiv wKZve wk¶v `vI Ges †h‡nZz
Kz-my Ávb-¸Y I kw³ Av‡m-hvq Kg©-mvabvq| Gi mg_©‡b †Zvgiv wb‡RivI Zv co|
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq AmsL¨ AvqvZ ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, mr A_©vr mKj gvbyl‡K ÔAvj−vgqÕ nIqvi wb‡`©k Dwj−wLZ
Amr Kg©-mvabv-M‡elYv ¸‡YB m„wói †kªô bex-ivQyj, AvqvZ؇q| whwb Avj−vngq nb ev n‡Z cv‡ib, Zvi c‡¶
bgiƒ`-‡divDb nb [98:evBGbv-7] fvj Kg©=fvj Ôbex-ivQyjÕ nIqvUv wbZvš— Zz”Q welq e‡U! ZvB
ag©=Avw¯—K; Lvivc Kg©=Lvivc ag©= bvw¯—K| †KvbwU fv‡jv †cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jbt
Avi Lvivc Kg© Hkx MÖš’ Zvi ¯’vqx mgvavb †`q | Ò----------------
gyn¤§` [mv] bex n‡q †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq hvb wb! eis †nivi gy³ †NvlYv †c‡Z n‡j
167

mKj‡KB gnvcyi“l n‡Z n‡e| Aj ZvKzb--gyd‡jûb| [3:Ggivb-104] A_©:


bZz ¸i“Zi P‡µi `vc‡U †Zvgv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb GK`j †nvK hviv Kj¨v‡Yi
‡dUv ‡dVv n‡Z n‡e w`‡K AvnŸvb Ki‡e Ges mrKv‡h©i wb‡`©k w`‡e I
hy‡M hy‡M| Amr Kv‡h© wb‡la Ki‡e Ges ZvivB mdjKvg|
jvBjvnv Bj−vj−vû gnvcyi“livB ivQyj cÖavbZt bexi `vwqZ¡ cvjY Ki‡Z cv‡i GKgvÎ bexi
Gc~Z evYxi dwRj‡Z †c‡q hv‡ev Kzj|Ó Ávb-¸‡Y m‡gvchy³ e¨w³MYB, Avi K‡g© m‡gvchy³ n‡j
bv‡gi cv_©K¨ g~L¨ ev †MŠY †KvbUviB ¸i“Z¡ _v‡K bv| G‡Z
AwaKvsk gvbylB hw` Avj−vgq, gnvcyi“l nq Zv‡Z mgv‡Ri Kv‡iv wØg‡Zi AeKvk Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv; KviY GiKg
¶wZ wK jvf! Kj¨vY wK AKj¨vY! Zv GK †m‡K‡Ûi g‡a¨B Dcgv ev cÖgvb mgv‡R, Awdm-Av`vj‡Z Anin Ges fywi
mwVK Reve †h †KD w`‡Z cv‡i| ZeyI kwiq‡Zi †Nvi fywi cvIqv hvq| cÖPwjZ Ges ¯^-‡NvwlZ ivQy‡ji
AvcwË _vKvi KviY AÁvZ! KvRwU eoB KwVY e‡jB AwZ †m‡µUvixMY‡K H c‡`i Dchy³ g‡b K‡i wek¦ gymwjg
KwPr, K`vwPr cwijw¶Z nq gvÎ| `v‡ivMv-cywjk, mgvR AvR AatcwZZ n‡q‡Q|
†cÖwm‡W‡›Ui c` mK‡ji Rb¨B Db¥y³ wKš‘ c`¸wj me‡P‡q eo K_v †h, H AvqvZwU GKgvÎ gnvbexi Dc‡iB
msiw¶Z I mxwgZ e‡U! wKš‘ bex-ivQyj, MvDm-KzZze, ZË¡ bvwRj nqwb| Bnv me©cÖ_g bvwRj nq Beªvnx‡gi (mv)
Ávbx-weÁvbxi c` KwVYfv‡eB msiw¶Z n‡jI c` mxwgZ Dci; AZGe Dwj−wLZ aviYv g‡Z Beªvnx‡gi (mv) ci Avi
bq, bq wbwl× ev nvivg| †Kvb bex-ivQyj nIqvi K_v wQj bv! `iKvi wQj bv; KviY
weÁvb e‡j weh©¨ RM‡Z KzKzi gvbyl mgv‡b mgvb A_ev H GKB wb‡`©k †`qv n‡qwQj Beªvnx‡gi (mv) D¤§ZMY‡KI|
GLb ch©š— †f`v‡f` cÖgvb Ki‡Z m¶g nbwb! †kvbv hvq, [`ª: †`Lyb: ewY©Z aviv bs-2 I 3]
GK‡dvUv we‡h© 20 †_‡K 3 kZ wgwjqb gvbyl KxU _v‡K; 29. cÖPwjZ kwiqZ Avkivdzj gLjyKvZ, gvby‡li cÖwZ
hv‡`i AvKvi AvK…wZ, Ae¯’vb cwi‡ek GKK I Awfbœ Avj−vni Awn eÜ †NvlYv Ki‡jI †gŠgvwQ‡`i cÖwZ
mgvR Rxeb; wKš‘ Av`g n‡q Rb¥ jvf K‡i cÖavbZt Awn e‡Üi nvw`m †dKnv-d‡Zvqv GLb ch©š— †jLv
GKwU; myZivs AvR‡Ki we‡k¦i 6/7 wewjqb gvbyl gvÎ nq wb! Avi AvqvZwUi wei“‡× LZ‡g byeyqvZ
K‡qKRb †jv‡Ki K‡qK †dvUv we‡h©i dj gvÎ! Av‡iv KwgwUI MVY Kiv nqwb! †`Lyb:
fvev `iKvi †h, Aby¨b cÖwZ 20 wgwjqb ÔKxU-gvbylÕ A AvInv---ZvdvK¡vi“b| [16:bvnj-68-69]
‡Mvwôi ga¨ †_‡K eQ‡i gyw³ cvq cÖavbZt 1 Rb Av`g Ges A_©: †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK †gŠgvwQ‡K Awn K‡ib †h,
†m Abycv‡Z we‡k¦i 7 wewjqb gvby‡li g‡a¨ M‡o KqRb Ô†Zvgiv M„n wbg©vY Ki cvnv‡o, e„‡¶ I gvbyl †h
gvbyl Avj−vngq n‡q gyw³ cv‡”Q ev †c‡Z cv‡i!! M„n wbg©vY K‡i Zv‡Z| AZtci cÖ‡Z¨K dzj †_‡K
28. kwiq‡Zi Av‡Rv AKvU¨ aviYv †h, bex-ivQyj Avi wZj wZj K‡i (gay)msMÖn Ki AZtci †Zvgv‡`i
Avm‡e bv! ¯^vaxbZvi mydj †f‡e evK¨wU cÖPvi cÖwZcvjK cÖ`wk©Z mnR mij c_ AbymiY Ki--
K‡i ¯^w¯’ wbtk¦vm ‡d‡j Avb›` Drme Ki‡Qb! wK |Õ
nZvmv cÖKvk Ki‡Qb Zv A¯úó| Z‡e Avkv- 30. Avj−vn wewe gwiqg‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb, gyQvi (mv)
fimv w`‡”Qb †h, bexi `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡eb gvÕ‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb; jyKgvb‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb,
gvIjvbvMY [Avgiv/Avgv‡`i Avj−vn ev cÖfyMY] wcucov‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb, †divDb‡K Wyeš— Ae¯’vq
Ges Gi ¯^-c‡¶ wbæewY©Z AvqvZwU Dc¯’vcb Awn K‡i‡Qb; mg¯— Rxe-Rš‘,cï-c¶x‡K Awn
K‡ib: K‡ib; Avj−vni wb‡`©k Qvov †bŠhvb P‡j bv,
168

Avj−vni Awn Qvov Rb¥-g„Zz¨ nq bv; wkiv i‡Mi K. Bbœv-- gywRe| [ 11:û`-61] A_©: Avgvi
†P‡qI Avj−vn Kv‡Q; Rx‡ei Aš—‡iB Avj−vni cÖwZcvjK wbK‡UB, WvK‡jB wZwb mvov †`b|
Ae¯’vb; Avj−vni Awn Qvov GgbwK Mv‡Qi cvZvwUI L. dvAvRKzi“bx-- ZvKdzi“b| [2:evKviv-152]
b‡o bv| Avj−vn nvIqvixMY‡K Awn K‡i‡Qb (5: A_©: Avgv‡K WvK‡j Avwg mvov ‡`B|
gv‡q`v-111) G mKj †Kviv‡bi evbx| M. A Kvjv--jvKzg| [40: gywgb-60] A_©:
AZGe ‡Kn gvbyK ev bv gvbyK A_ev ‡jLK‡K Avj−vn e‡jb,Ô‡Zvgiv Avgv‡K WvK, Avwg
Kv‡di- †gviZv` d‡Zvqv w`K! wK †g‡i †djyK! †Zvgv‡`i Wv‡K mvov w`e|Õ
Avj−vni Awn-evbx Avmv ‡kl ev eÜ n‡q‡Q e‡j 34. Bwbœ hv‡qjyb wdi Av‡Ø© Lwjdv| [2:evKviv-30]
c„w_ex ï× gvbyl Kw_Z †KqvgZ ch©š— wPrKvi K‡i A_©: wbðqB gvbyl hveZxq e¯‘i [AvØy©] cÖwZwbwa
mv¶x w`‡jI †Kviv‡bi evbx Pzj cwigvY bov‡bv [Avj−vni Lwjdv]|
Kv‡iv †Kvb mva¨ †bB! G Kvi‡YB ivQy‡ji bv‡g gvbyl Avj−vni Lwjdv ev cÖwZwbwa n‡j, AZtci Awn ev
Zv‡`i nvw`m wjL‡Z n‡q‡Q| †hvMv‡hvM eÜ K‡i w`‡j A_ev †hvMv‡hvM A¯^xKvi Ki‡j
31. mgMÖ †gvm‡jg RvwZ GK ev‡K¨ ¯^xKvi K‡ib †h,
kZ erm‡ii gv_vq GKRb ms¯‹viK Av‡mb; cÖwZwbwaZ¡ ‡kl n‡q hvq! Avj−vni AaxbZv cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i
e¯‘Ztc‡¶ mKj bex-ivQyjB †cÖiYvcÖvß, Bgvg wbR‡K ¯^vaxb A_©vr wki&K-‡gvk‡iK †Nvlbv Kiv nq! Avi
†gnw`; AZxZ a‡g©i ms¯‹viK gvÎ! hviv Ôbex GRb¨B bv‡gi Av‡M gvIjvbv (Avgiv/Avgv‡`i cÖfy)
Avm‡ebÕ ej‡j AvcwË, A¯^xKvi K‡ib, c¶vš—‡i †LZve cÖPjb Kiv n‡q‡Q wK bv! Zv Ávbx‡`i ¯^-¯^ ¯^v‡_©B
Avjer Ôms¯‹viKÕ ÔBgvg †gnw`Õ Avm‡eb e‡j †f‡e †`Lv DwPr! Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq wewa e¨e¯’v MÖnY Kiv
mg_©b, ¯^vMZg Rvbv‡eb; Zv‡`i ÔbexÕ k‡ãi DwPr!
cÖPwjZ Zdwmi, e¨vL¨v AbymiY bv K‡i eis ZvÕQvov Avj−vni cÖwZwbwa ev `~Z n‡Z cvi‡j bex bv nÕ‡Z
†Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K Ôbex-ivQyjÕ kã؇qi mvi cvivi hyw³ Abycw¯’Z! Z‡e nuv! ejv hZ mnR AvqZ¡ Kiv
e½v_© Avwe®‹vi Kiv DwPr| AviI fvev DwPr †h, ZZ KwVY n‡jI nvivg bq! gvKi“n bq! †e`vZI bq! eis
mv‡o †PŠÏkZ erm‡ii g‡a¨ 15 Rb ms¯‹viK
Avmvi K_v wKš‘ mv¤cÖ`vwqK I `jxq mg_©b Qvov diR-mybœZ|
me©¯^xK…Z GKRb ms¯‹viK Avm‡Qb wKbv ev Zvi 35. ivwdD-- ZvjvwK| [40-gygxb-15] A_©: wZwb Zvi
bvg njd K‡i †KD ej‡Z cv‡ib wK bv! Avi ev›`vw`‡Mi g‡a¨ †_‡K hv‡K B”Qv Zv‡K Inx †cÖiY
eZ©gv‡bB ev †K Av‡Qb! K‡ib/Ki‡eb ¯^xq Av‡`kmn hv‡Z †m mZK©
32. Kvgv AviQvjbv-- ZvAvjvgyb| [2:evKviv-151] Ki‡Z cv‡i mv¶vZ Kvj m¤ú‡K©|
A_©:†hgb Avwg †Zvgv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ 36. K¡yj-- BDbRvi“b| [21: Avw¤^qv-45] A_©: ej!
ivQyj g‡bvwbZ Kwi/Kie| †h Avgvi AvqvZmg~n wbðqB Avwg Inx ØvivB †Zvgvw`M‡K mZK©
[myθwj] †Zvgv‡`i wbKU eY©bv K‡i; †Zvgv‡`i Kwi/Kie; wKš‘ hviv ewai Zv‡`i hLb mZK© Kiv
myÎ [†KZve] I Kjv‡KŠkj wk¶v w`‡q cweÎ K‡i; nq/n‡e ZLb Zviv mZK©evbx ï‡b bv/ïb‡e bv|
hv †Zvgviv Rvb bv|
33. †Kviv‡b AmsL¨evi †Nvlbv Av‡Q †h, Avj−vn‡K 37. A nvRv-- gybwKi“b| [21: Avw¤^qv-50] A_©: Bnv
WvK‡jB wZwb mvov †`b; A_©vb Awn K‡ib: Kj¨vYgq evbx; Avwg Bnv AeZxY© Kwi/Kie; ZeyI
169

wK †Zvgiv Bn‡K A¯^xKvi Ki/Ki‡e? DËivwaKvix K‡ib/Ki‡eb-- |


38. Bbœv AvbRvjbvû wd jvBjvwZj K¡v`‡i| [97: 43. Agv BqvwZwng -- AvbZzg gy‡i`xb| [ 26: ïqviv-
K`i-1] Avwg Bnv AeZxY© Kwi/Kie gwngvwš^Z 5] A_©: Zv‡`i Kv‡Q `qvg‡qi wbKU †_‡K †Kvb
iRbx‡Z| (Zgmv”Qbœ AÜKvi hy‡M/ee©i bZzb Dc‡`k †Zv Avi Av‡m bv! ZeyI Zviv
hy‡M/AvBqvg Rvwnwjqv hy‡M|) ZvÕ†_‡K g~L wdwi‡q †bq| (`ª: Gg GBm mvwKi I
Avãyj−vn Bmyd Avjx)
GLv‡b ÔK¡v`iÕGi A_© Mfxi, Zgmv”Qbœ BZ¨vw` e¨enviB 44. Awj Kzwj−-- BqvRjvgyb| [10: BDbym-47] A_©:
AwaK hyw³ m½Z| KviY Zvi c‡iB ivZ ev AÜKv‡ii cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi Rb¨B GKRb ivQyj Av‡Q/_v‡K
K_vB Av‡Q; byi, Av‡jv, w`b ev †R¨vwZi K_v _vK‡j Ges hLb Zv‡`i ivQyj G‡m‡Q /Av‡m ZLb
Ôgwngvwš^Z,eiKZgq,gnvKj¨vY BZ¨vw` kã¸wj e¨envi b¨qm½Zfv‡e wePvi Kiv n‡q‡Q/nq Ges Zv‡`i
Dchy³ n‡Zv| cÖwZ hyjyg Kiv nqwb/nq bv|
45. KvjvZ-- Bj−v †eBRwbj−vn| [14: Beªvnxg-11]
A_©:Zv‡`i ivQyjMY Zv‡`i‡K ejZ, ÔmZ¨ e‡U
39. Agv b~i‡Qjy-- BqvnRvbyb|[ 6: AvbAvg-48] A_©:
Avgiv †Zvgv‡`i gZ gvbyl wKš‘ Avj−vn Zvi
ivQyjMY‡K ïay mymsev`evnx I mZK©Kvixi~‡cB
ev›`v‡`i ga¨ †_‡K hv‡K B”Qv AbyMÖn K‡ib|
cvVvB/cvVv‡ev ; †h †Kn Cgvb Avb‡j I wbR‡K
Avj−vni AbygwZ e¨ZxZ †Zvgv‡`i wbKU cÖgvb
ms‡kvab Ki‡j Zvi †Kvb fq †bB Ges †m `~twLZ
Dcw¯’Z Kiv Avgv‡`i ¶gZv †bB| gywgbM‡Yi
n‡e bv|
Avj−vni Dci wbf©i Kiv DwPr|
40. wjKzwj− bvevB-- ZvÕjvgyb| [6: AvbAvg- 67]
46. Avj−vû-- evwQi“b| [22: nv¾-75] A_©: Avj−vn
A_©: cÖ‡Z¨K bexi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ mgq Av‡Q Ges kxNÖB
†d‡i¯—v I gvby‡li ga¨ †_‡K ivQyjMY‡K g‡bvbxZ
†Zvgiv Rvb‡Z cvi‡e|
K‡ib| Avj−vn me©‡kªvZv, mg¨K `ªóv|
kwiqZ B”QvK…Zfv‡eB ÕbvevCbÕ k‡ãi A_© K‡i‡Q
47. A jvK¡v`-- BqvZvRvK¡viƒb| [28: Kvmvm-51]
ÔevZ©v;Õ ÔbvevÕ kã †_‡KB bex I bvevCb kã؇qi
A_©: Avwg †Zv Zv‡`i wbKU c~bt c~bt evYx †cuŠ‡Q
DrcwË, myZivs AvqvZwUi mnR Abyev`: ÔcÖ‡Z¨K bexi
w`w”Q/w`e; hv‡Z Zviv Dc‡`k MÖnY K‡i|
Rb¨B wbw`©ó mgq _v‡K Ges †m mgqUv †Zvgiv kxNÖB
48. A gv Kvbv--Rv‡jwgb| [28:Kvmvm-59] A_©:
Rvb‡Z cvi‡eÕ Zv‡Z cÖPwjZ Ô‡kl bex gZev`Õ Aw¯—Z¡nxY
†Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK Rbc`mgyn‡K aŸsm K‡ib bv
n‡q c‡o; myZivs ag©fxi“ fveyK-mvaK‡`i bZzb K‡i
Bnvi †K‡›`ª Zvi AvqvZ Ave„wË Kivi Rb¨ ivQyj
fvwe‡q ZzjyK|
†cÖiY bv K‡i Ges Avwg Rbc`mg~n‡K ZLbB
41. A iveŸyKv-- AvLvixb| [6: AvbAvg-133] A_©:-
aŸsm Kwi hLb Bnvi evwk›`viv Ryjyg K‡i|
- wZwb B”Qv Ki‡j †Zvgv‡`i AcmvwiZ K‡i Ges
†cÖiYvcÖvß gwReyj nK wbæ AvqvZwUi Abyev‡` e‡jb:
hv‡K B”Qv †Zvgv‡`i ¯’jvwfwl³ K‡ib/Ki‡ebÑ
49. Agv gynv¤§v`yb Bj−v-ivQyj; K¡v` LvjvZ& wgb& K¡vwe−wni
†hgb †Zvgv‡`i‡K Ab¨ RvwZ †_‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb|
i“Qyj| [3: Ggivb-144]
42. -- AQ‡ei“ –BdwiQynv-- Bevw`nx--| [7: Avivd-
†gvnv¤§` = gnvcyi“l; ivQyj = †cÖiYvcÖvß|
128] A_©:-- ˆah©¨ aviY Ki ivR¨ †Zv Avj−vniB|
gnv cyi“l gvÎ
wZwb Zvi ev›`v‡`i g‡a¨ hv‡K B”Qv Dnvi
†cÖiYvcÖvß
170

Aek¨ n‡q‡Q MZ
c~‡e©I Zvi †Zvgv‡`i K…ZKg© †`v‡l
eû †cÖiYvcÖvß| g„wËKv †m‡V †b‡e, †¶v‡f †iv‡l
myZivs c‡iI Avwm‡eK Avgyj ea©b wµqv
GBfv‡e gnvcyi“l †MvÎ km¨ dmj ¯^v` Z…‡ß|
Z‡eB _vK‡e Avj−vni evK¨
dvB¤§v BqvÕwZqvbœvKzg wgbœx û`vb mZ¨| ZviB evK¨ GKK e¨vcK
50. †cÖibvcÖvß gwReyj nK e‡jbt h_vh_ mZ¨ e¨vL¨v n‡e
Ggwb c_cÖ`k©K Avm‡e evÂvj dvwK SzwK VvÆv
gvbyl¸‡jv mK‡jB Rvb‡e _vK‡ebv Zvi ev‡K¨ wKQy‡Z|
DwPr Zv‡`i P~ov wbwi¶xqv
Rb¥ Zvi †Kvb& †`‡k! g~L© gvbe `vbe RvwZ
†KejB Ly‡R cuvwZ cuvwZ
†R‡b ivLyK Zviv Kv‡b Kx K‡i RvMÖZ ivL‡e
cÖKvk Zvi Ggwb †`‡k mªóvi KxwZ© †KejB we¯§„wZ
h_v cvwbi `vcU †L‡j ¯^í ¯^vqË kvlY cÖvß
m`v †mªv‡Z m`v ewil‡Y| ¶wY‡Ki †Póv wµqv kw³
AÁv‡b fz‡j fv‡e gnvkw³
Dש nÕ†Z †b‡g G‡m LvZvq hv wjLv c‡o
cvlv‡Yi †gi“`Û wP‡i ïayB nUKvwiZv Aag †nsovgx|
wbæ mgZj e¶ we`x‡Y©|
Gu‡K †eu‡K b`x bvjv cyKz‡i ÔAvwg Avj−vn wbiÄb me© kw³avix
AvL¨v hvi b`x gvZ…K f‚‡Mv‡j| GZ`m‡Z¡I nUKvixiv fv‡e
Zv‡`i g‡Z-
wbðqB wZwb msMVb K‡g© AvwgI GKRb nUKvix|Õ
mq¤¢~ weivU e¨vcK kw³avix n‡e|
me© ¸ß ZË¡ cÖKU n‡e cybt cybt bex-ivQyj AvMg‡Yi ¯^-c‡¶ ci¤úivq
Zbœv Z‡bœ h_vh_ cix¶x‡Z †Kviv‡bi cÖvq Aa© kZ hyw³-cÖgvYmn `yÕwU AwZwi³
G msMVb i“L‡Z cvi‡ebv wKQy‡Z †cÖibvevYx ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| GQvov Av‡iv Bw½Z i‡q‡Q
†Kvb gnv kw³avix kw³I RM‡Z| †Kviv‡bi ÔAv¤§v BqvZvQvqvjybÕ Aa¨vq; hv AZ¨š— `~‡f©`¨
weavq cÖKvk Kiv nqwb; [fwel¨r mgvR I cÖK…wZB Zvi
hw`I cywó cv‡e cðvZ nÕ†Z e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY w`‡e, GRb¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡Z n‡e|]
AvKvk cÖKvk _vK‡e kwiq‡Zi GKwU gvÎ weZwK©Z AvqvZ ÔA LvZvgvbœvexb,Õ hv
cÖj¼i `ye©jZv nvb‡Z GKUz Av‡M Ô‡kl bex gZev`Õ wk‡ivbv‡g wek`fv‡e
So wkjv c−ve‡b ewil‡Y| Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| myZivs Dwj−wLZ mv¶x-cÖgv‡bi Aš—Z
171

`yÕ GKwU avivI hw` kwiqZ LÛv‡Z e¨_© nq Z‡e Zv‡`i 6. And verily we gave unto Moses the
DwPr G wb‡q evovevwi-Akvwš— m„wó bv K‡i eis scripture and we caused a train of
mnRfv‡eB MÖnY Kiv| Ab¨_vq Kv‡di-‡gvk‡iK nIqvB messengers to follow after him--
wbæ Avqv‡Zi †Nvlbv:
[Muhammad M. Pickthall]
51. gv BqvÏyj−vRxbv--AvRxg| [2: evKviv-105] A_©:
wKZvex‡`i g‡a¨ Kv‡di I gykwiKiv Bnv Pvq bv Dwj−wLZ GKB Avqv‡Zi wfbœ wfbœ Abyev‡`i †gvUv I jvBb
†h, †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK †_‡K †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Uvbv evK¨vs‡k Kv‡iv mv‡_ wZj cwigvY e¨wZµg ev
†Kvb Kj¨vY AeZxY© †nvK| A_P Avj−vn hv‡K B”Qv
Zv‡KB ingZ ¯^i~c we‡kliƒ‡c g‡bvwbZ K‡ib| gZwe‡iva †bB| Avqv‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, g~Qvi c‡i
µgvš^q eû ivQyj †cÖib Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Avgiv Rvwb gvÎ
* K‡qKRb, we‡kl K‡i 2 Rb bex-ivQy‡ji BwZnvm, CQv
I †gvnv¤§` (mv)| GB 2/4 Rb bex-ivQy‡ji eY©bvq ÔG‡Ki
57 AmsL¨ ivQyj‡`i nw`m †Kv_vq ci GK, µgvMZ, ch©vqµ‡g, A‡bK ivQyjÕ, one after
another, a train of messengers BZ¨vw` fveaviv¸wj
1. [2: evKvivÑ 87] Ges wbðqB g~Qv‡K wKZve w`‡qwQ e¨KiY g‡Z †Kvb fv‡eB cÖ‡hvR¨ bq|
Ges Zvic‡i ch©vqµ‡g ivQyjMY‡K †cÖiY K‡iwQ ; wØZxqZt Avqv‡Z g~Qv †_‡K CQv ev †gvnv¤§` (mv) ch©š—
gwiqg Zbq CQv‡K ¯úó cÖgvb w`‡qwQ Ges cweÎ ejv †bB; ejv n‡q‡Q Ôg~Qvi ci †_‡K AbeiZ ivQyj
AvZ¥vØviv Zv‡K kw³kvjx K‡iwQ ; Z‡e wK hLbB †cÖixZ n‡q‡Q;Õ myZivs †gvnv¤§` ch©š— †cÖixZ AmsL¨
†Kvb ivQyj Ggb wKQy G‡b‡Q hv †Zvgv‡`i gbc~Z bex-ivQyjMY, †K ev Kviv wQ‡jb! Zv‡`i BwZnvm Kg-
b‡n ZLbB †Zvgiv AnsKvi K‡iQ Avi KZK‡K ‡ekx iw¶Z nqwb †Kb! GB Ô†KbÕi DËi nvw`‡m ‡hgb
A¯^xKvi K‡iQ Ges KZK‡K nZ¨v K‡iQ| †bB; †dKnv, GRgv, †Kqvm BZ¨vw` ev d‡ZvqvqI †bB
2. Avi Avwg‡Zv g~Qv‡K wKZve w`‡qwQjvg I Zvici mZ¨; wKš‘ Av‡Q Dwj−wLZ H Avqv‡ZB ‡h, Ô-hLbB †Kvb
G‡Ki ci GK ivQyj cvwV‡qwQ| ---| [nvweeyi ivQyj Ggb wKQy G‡b‡Qb hv †Zvgv‡`i gbc~Z b‡n, ZLbB
ingvb] †Zvgiv AnsKvi K‡iQ Avi KZK‡K A¯^xKvi K‡iQ Ges
3. Aek¨B Avwg g~Qv bwe‡K wKZve w`‡qwQ Ges KZK‡K nZ¨v K‡iQ|Õ [2: 87]
Zvic‡i µgvMZfv‡e ivQyj cvwV‡qwQ| ---| [gv: GgZve¯’vq †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) c‡I AvR mv‡o †PŠÏk eQ‡ii
gy: kwdKzj Bmjvg] g‡a¨ †Kvb bex-ivQyj Avm‡Qb wK Av‡mbwb! ‡m m¤^‡Ü
4. g~Qv‡K wKZve w`qvwQ I ch©vqµ‡g †cÖiY KwiqvwQ wPš—v Kivi c~‡e© H AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj‡`i Aš—Z 5/7
A‡bK ivQyj ---| G †K Gg dRjyi ingvb gywÝ] R‡bi cwiPq D×vi Kiv DwPr Ges Zv m¤¢e n‡j
5. And most certainly we gave Musa the ‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) c‡ii bex-ivQyj‡`i mbv³ Kiv mnR
Book and we sent Apostles after him n‡e; Aek¨ hw` G‡m _v‡Kb|
one after another-- [ M. H. Shakir] wKš‘ kwiqZ ‡Kviv‡bi c‡¶ G welq wKQy‡ZB bvK Mjv‡eb
172

bv; eis ‡evLvix‡`i †KZve w`‡q Zxeª cÖwZ‡iva M‡o Avevi nVvr Mv‡qe n‡q hv‡eb! AZtci ‡mB Kw_Z
Zzj‡eb| G¶‡Y †Kn hw` H Avqv‡Zi c‡¶ AZxZ 5/10 †KqvgZ msMwVZ n‡e| GZ`m¤^‡Ü 14 †_‡K 73wU nvw`m
Rb ivQy‡ji bvg e‡j †`q! Z‡e wbðqB Zviv kwiqZ ewY©Z Av‡Q| [`ª: †evLvix; AvwR. nK, 4_© LÛ, c„:280]
i¶v‡_© H‡K¨i Wv‡K Av‡jg mgvR GKZve× n‡q c~e©er GgbwK msw¶ß Bmjvwg wek¦ †Kv‡lI Ôgvnw`Õ Aa¨vq cÖPzi
AnsKvi, A¯^xKvi Z_v f‡Ûi fÛ AvL¨vwqZ Ki‡e; GgbwK eqvb Av‡Q| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl; 2q LÛ, c„:
Zv‡K nZ¨v K‡i webv wePv‡i KvíwbK †e‡n‡¯—i `vwe`vi 184]
n‡Z wZj cwigvY wØav‡eva Ki‡eb bv| Kw_Z nq mg¯— bexi Zzjbvq Bgvg †gnw`i Ávb, ¸Y I
bex-ivQyj n‡jB †h Avw`Kv‡ji gZ cÖKv‡k¨ `vex ev kw³ mvnm AwaK _vK‡e| wZwb wb®úvc _vK‡eb BZ¨vw`
†Nvlbv Ki‡Z n‡e, Ggb †Kvb aiv-euvav AvBb †Kviv‡b Aev¯—e Kí-Kvwnbx cÖPvi K‡i mij cÖvY RbmvaviY‡K
†bB| weåv‡š—i gvqv Rv‡j e›`x K‡i †i‡L‡Qb| Gmg¯— Avie¨
mgv‡R `yÕPviRb hviv cÖK…Zc‡¶B GKgvÎ †Kviv‡bi Dci Jcb¨vwmK a¨vb, aviYv I KvíwbK wek¦vm¸wj cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki
`yÕb¤^ix †KZv‡ei Dci wbf©ikxj, cweÎ †Kvivb ev
Av¯’vevb, †h Av¯’vi Dci wfbœ †KZvevw`i kwiK †bB, g~jMÖ‡š’i m‡½ Gi †Kvb m¤úK© †bB eis †Nvi we‡iva|
Zviv nvwi‡q hvIqv ivQyj‡`i cybiƒ×v‡ii Rb¨ Ôbex-ivQyj KvíwbK Bgvg †gn`x‡K mKj bex-ivQyj‡`i †P‡qI eo
†kl bqÕ cÖwZ‡e`‡b ewY©Z 26 bs avivi 42:kyiv-51 GKUv wKQy ¯^xKvi K‡iI bex-ivQyj‡`i gh©v`v ev Zv‡`i
AvqvZwUi mvnvh¨ wb‡Z cv‡ib| m`©vi AvL¨v w`‡Z kwiqZ ‡Kb ivwR bb! Zvi e¨vL¨v
* we‡k−lY Ki‡Z kwiqZ m¤ú~Y© Amg_©|
ÔBgvg †gnw`Õ A_© m‡Z¨i †bZv, m‡Z¨i mvaK, aviK I
58 CQv (mv) I Bgvg †gn`xi AvMgb evnK A_©vr ms¯‹viK| ‡Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq mv¶x Av‡Q
†h, cÖ‡Z¨K bex-ivQyjMYB Bgvg, Bgvg †gnw` Ges †KnB
Avw`Kvj †_‡K wkqv-Qybœx BZ¨vw` `j Dc-`j¸wj wek¦vm AvKvk †_‡K eRª-wkjvi gZ acvm K‡i c‡obwb! GgbwK
K‡i Avm‡Q †h CQvi g„Zz¨ nqwb eis Avj−vn Zv‡K AvKv‡k CQv Ges bex‡`i mi`vi (?) ‡gvnv¤§`‡KI [mv] Avj−vni
QybœZ ev weavb †gvZv‡eK cÖK…wZi wbqg Abyhvqx gv‡qi †cU
Zz‡j wb‡q‡Qb! †Kqvg‡Zi cye©¶‡Y CQv I Bgvg †gn`x‡K †_‡KB Avm‡Z n‡q‡Q|
h_vµ‡g Kvev gmwR` I wmwiqvi `v‡g‡¯‹i AgyK gmwR‡`i welqwU wek` Av‡jvPbvq bv wM‡q `yÕwU wK‡kvi cÖ‡kœ
Qv‡` Avj−vn AeZiY Kiv‡eb| AZtci Qv` †_‡K gB cvVK‡`i fvwe‡q Zzj‡Z cv‡i †h, CQv (mv) I Bgvg †gnw`
e¨wZ‡i‡K gvwU‡Z AeZiY Ki‡Z ci‡eb bv| [gBwU Aek¨ G‡m cÖwZwU gvbyl‡K cvK-cweÎ Z_v LvwU †gvmjgvb Z_v
†Kvb Aviex ivRv-ev`kvMY AvRI ˆZwi K‡i iv‡Lb wb] we‡k¦ kvwš— cÖwZôv Kivi ci ciB mg~n Avc`-wec` wb‡q
AZtci BqvRyR-gvRyR Avm‡eb; `v¾vj Avm‡eb! †KqvgZ NUvi hyw³ wK? Zv‡`i mw¤§wjZ Kg© dj wbõj
Av¤§vev` [AZtci] A™¢‚Z wK¤^vKvi GKwU Rš‘I bvwRj Kivi Avj−vni AwfcÖvq wK?
n‡eb| [‡`Lyb: †KqvgZ Aa¨v‡q ewY©Z 27: bgj-82] WviDB‡bi BfwjDmb w_Iix Ges †Kviv‡bi weeZ©b ev`
AZtci gvÎ H `yR‡bB BqvRyR-gvRyR,`v¾vjmn A™¢yZ cÖbvjx Qvov mivmwi giv gvbyl `yÕ`k w`b ev nvRvi nvRvi
wK¤^vKvi cïwUI nZ¨v K‡i mvov we‡k¦ Bmjvg cÖwZôv K‡i ermi c‡i AweKj †mB e¨w³wUB cybivq wd‡i G‡m‡Q
173

A_ev AvKvk †_‡K gvbyl ev Rxe cZ‡bi Ggb †Kvb NUbv AvZ¥vi gyw³ ev g„Zz¨i j¶Y| ÔZz‡j ‡bqvÕ I ÔcÖZ¨veZ©bÕ
Av`‡gi c~e© †_‡K AvR ch©š— N‡Uwb Avi NU‡e e‡jI mivmwi mgv_©‡evaK|ÔcÖZ¨veZ©bÕ kãwU eûevi †Kviv‡b
†Kv_vI `wjj cÖgvb †bB| me© Kv‡ji me©‡kªó Ggb GKwU D‡j−L Av‡Q †h, mK‡jB Avj−vn †_‡K Avm‡Q Ges
NUbv NU‡Z hv‡”Q ev NU‡eB! A_P †Kviv‡b Zvi wZj gvÎ Avj−vn‡ZB cÖZ¨veZ©b Ki‡Q/Ki‡e|
Bw½Z-Bmviv †bB| myZivs welqwU ‡h ev hviv iPbv c~‡e© Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q †h, AvKvk †_‡K acvm K‡i gvbyl
K‡i‡Qb Ges GLbI hviv wek¦vm Ki‡Qb Zviv mK‡jB cZ‡bi BwZnvm m„wó †_‡K AvR ch©š— †Kvb `wjj cÖgvb
Avgv‡`i `„wó‡Z Rei`¯— Av‡jg Ges †emÑf~lvq gygxb- ‡hgb †bB! Abyiƒc `ywbqv †_‡K Ucvm K‡i ev R¨vZv-giv
gymjgvb n‡jI †Kviv‡bi mv¶¨-cÖgv‡b Giv AÜ, †eKzd gvbyl‡K AvKv‡k Zz‡j †bqviI †Kvb AvjvgZI
e‡U! [`ª: 2:171; 5: 44-49; 45:6|] hviv †Kvivb- AvqvZwU‡Z †bB, `ywbqvq N‡Uwb wKš‘ DcMÖš’¸wj‡Z Av‡Q|
‡KZve ewnf©~Z MvRv‡Lvix Mà iPbv K‡ib Zv‡`i ¯’vb AvqvZwU‡Z Avi GKwU ¸i“Zi welq j¶bxq, Zv n‡jv
†Kv_vq Zv Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z cybt †`‡L wbwðr nIqv Ri“ix: Cmvi (mv) AbymvixMY‡K †KqvgZ ch©š— Rqhy³ K‡i ivLv
(2: evKviv-78,79; 3: Ggivb-78) Avj−vni Kmg! myZivs: ÔL„óvbMY‡K eÜz wnmv‡e MÖnY
CQv (mv) †h g‡ibwb GB gZev‡`i ¯^c‡¶ wbæ cÖ`Ë¡ KwiI bv, wek¦vm KwiI bv,Õ Ôhviv e‡j ÔAvgiv L„óvbÕ
Avqv‡Zi GKwU gvÎ LwÛZ Ask ‡KŠk‡j DÌvcY K‡ib: Zv ZvivB †gvm‡jg‡`i Nwbô eÜz,Õ Bûw`MY †kªó RvwZ,Õ
n‡jv ÔivdvqvÕ ev Ô(Dc‡i) Zzwjqv jIqv|Õ ÔBûw`MY gymjgvb‡`i †Nvi kΓ,Õ ÔZv‡`i g‡a¨I Ávbx-¸Yx
1. ¯§iY Ki, hLb Avj−vn ej‡jb, Ô‡n Cmv! Avwg Av‡Q,Õ Ô‡ZvgivB †kªó RvwZ,Õ BZ¨vw` AvqvZ¸wji
†Zvgvi (Avqy) Kvj c~Y© Kwi‡ZwQ Ges Avgvi wbKU cÖPwjZ Abyev` D‡c¶v K‡i, ¯’vb-Kvj I cvÎ †f‡`
†Zvgv‡K ÔZzwjqvÕ jB‡ZwQ [Aviex ÔivdvqvÕi evK¨¸wji mvi K_vi mgš^q mvab, wbi‡c¶ Áv‡bi
A_©:myD”P, Dc¯’vcK, gvgjv-‡gvKÏgv Av‡jv‡K wePvi we‡ePbv Ki‡j †h ZË¡ D˜NvwUZ n‡e Zv
Dc¯’vcbKvix, †Zvjv|] Ges hviv mZ¨ cÖZ¨vL¨vb wbtm‡›`‡n mgMÖ gvbe Kj¨v‡Yi DcKv‡i Avm‡eB|
Kwi‡Z‡Q Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K †Zvgv‡K Ôgy³Õ [Aviex AviI GKwU AvqvZ kwiq‡Zi c‡¶ DÌvcb K‡ib:
ÔZvIqvdwdÕ A_©: c~Y© cvIqvbv Dmyj K‡i †bqv, 2. --Avi Avgiv Avj−vni ivQzj gvwiqg Zbq Cmv
g„Zz¨ `vb Kiv] Kwi‡ZwQ| Avi †Zvgvi gmxn‡K nZ¨v K‡iwQ-Õ A_P Zviv Zv‡K nZ¨v
AbymvwiMY‡K wKqvgZ ch©š— Kvwdi‡`i Dci K‡iwb, µzkwe×I K‡iwb; wKš‘ Zv‡`i GBiƒc weåg
cÖvavb¨ w`‡ZwQ, AZtci Avgvi Kv‡Q †Zvgv‡`i n‡qwQj| hviv Zvi m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` K‡iwQj Zviv
cÖZ¨veZ©Y [Aviex ÔivRDbÕ A_© wdwi‡h †`qv, wbðq GB m¤^‡Ü mskqhy³ wQj; GB m¤ú‡K©
cÖZ¨veZ©b|Õ Zvi ci †h wel‡q †Zvgv‡`i gZvš—i Abygv‡bi AbymiY e¨ZxZ Zv‡`i †Kvb ÁvbB wQj
NwU‡Z‡Q Avwg Dnv gxgvskv K‡i w`e|[3:55] bv| Bnv wbwðZ †h, Zv‡K nZ¨v K‡iwb| bv, Avj−vn
c~Y© AvqvZwUi cÖwZwU Ask ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Ges mgv_©‡evaK weavq Zv‡K Zvi wbKU Zz‡j [ivdvqv] wb‡q‡Qb, Ges
Mfxifv‡e j¶bxq| †hgb: ÔKvj c~Y© ev mgq †klÕ A_©B Avj−vn civµgkvjx cÖÁvgq|
g„Zz¨i mgq Nwb‡q Avmv| gy³ Kwi‡ZwQ gv‡b †`n †_‡K wKZvexw`‡Mi g‡a¨ cÖ‡Z¨‡K Zvi g„Zz¨i c~‡e© Zv‡K
174

wek¦vm Ki‡eB, Ges wKqvg‡Zi w`b †m Zv‡`i ‡gvbv‡dK‡`i nv‡Z Lyb ev kwn` nIqv m‡Z¡I H wkïwU
wei“‡× mv¶¨ w`‡e| [4:wbQv- 157-159] Rbve ‡gn`x, AcÖvß eq¯‹ ney Bgv‡gi nvwi‡q hvIqv, evN-
Dwj−wLZ AvqvZwU‡Z cÖPwjZ wek¦vm mg_©‡bi †KvbB j¶Y fvj−y‡K ‡L‡q †djv, Wy‡e giv ev Lyb-¸g n‡q hvIqvUv
†bB †Zv e‡UB eis mvaviY g„Zz¨i j¶YB ¯úó| wKš‘ Zv‡K Zviv AvRI wek¦vm Ki‡Z cvi‡Qb bv| wek¦vm K‡ib
ÔnZ¨v K‡iwb, µzkwe×I K‡iwbÕ myZivs †Mj †Kv_vq! GB Avj−vn Zv‡K Zz‡j wb‡q‡Q mgq gZ †Kqvg‡Zi c~‡e© acvm
Ô†Mj †Kv_vqÕ evK¨wUB Cmv‡K (mv) AvKv‡k †Zvjvi K‡i bvwRj Kiv‡eb!
wek¦v‡mi B›`b †hvwM‡q‡Q! B›`b hywM‡q‡Q Av`g-nvIqv GLv‡bB e‡j ivLv fv‡jv †h, nhiZ Avjxi jvk I Kei
`ywbqvq wbw¶ß nIqvi eqv‡b| Av‡iv B›`b †hvwM‡q‡Q †gveviK m¤^‡Ü wfbœ wfbœ Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, Zvi kvn`‡Zi
L„óvb‡`i a¨vb aviYv †h, KwZcq f³ µ‡m g„Z Cmv‡K c‡i jvk †Kv_vq ivLv n‡e G wb‡q kΓ-wg·`i g‡a¨
D‡o †h‡Z †`‡L‡Qb, `yÕw`b c‡i wd‡i G‡m mv¶vZI gnvbex I nhiZ Imgv‡bi jv‡ki gZB fq I †Nvi gZ
K‡i‡Qb BZ¨vw`| we‡iva N‡U! AZtci wm×vš— nq †h, jvkwU D‡Ui wc‡V
Bgvg †gnw` wek¦v‡mi myPYv Pwo‡q †`qv n‡e Ges DUwU †hLv‡b _vg‡e wVK †mLv‡bB
gnv bexi Idv‡Zi ci wkqvMY nhiZ Avjx‡K bexi jvk `vdb Kiv n‡e| ‡m g‡Z jvk DwV‡q †`qv n‡jv D‡Ui
DËivwaKvix Bgvg wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡ib Ges ci¤úivq H wc‡V; Kw_Z nq DUwU Aweivg nvU‡Z nvU‡Z
DËivwaKvi my‡Î cÖavbZt Bgv‡gi eo †Q‡j Bgvg c‡`i AvdMvwb¯’v‡bi †Kvb GK ¯’v‡b G‡m _g‡K `vovq Ges
AwaKvix bxwZ‡Z wek¦vmx| Gfv‡e 6ô Bgvg ch©š— Awef³ Zr¶YvZ †mLv‡bB gviv hvq| AMZ¨v †mLv‡bB Zv‡K Kei
wkqv m¤cÖ`v‡qi Ô‡gnw`Õ bv‡gi ney 7g Bgvg wK‡kvi †`qv nq|
eq‡m nVvr nvwi‡q hvb ev Mv‡qe n‡q hvb| we‡kl K‡i 6ô GB NUbvi mZ¨Zv cÖgvbv‡_© Avi GKwU NUbv hy³ Av‡Q †h,
Bgv‡g wek¦vmx wkqv‡`i Dc`j AvRI Zvi wd‡i Avmvi †Kvb GK AvdMvb ivRv wkKvi Ki‡Z wM‡q GKwU nwiY‡K
cÖwZ¶vq Av‡Qb| KviY Zv‡`i wek¦vm ÔBgvgÕ Avj−vn Zxi we× K‡i; Zxi we× nwiYwU †`Šov‡Z †`Šov‡Z †Kvb
†cÖixZ; Zv‡K Ab¨vqfv‡e †Kn gvi‡Z cv‡i bv, AKvj GK AcwiwPZ gvRv‡i cv‡k Avkªq jq, ivRv †Nvov nvwK‡q
g„Zz¨, LyY, ¸g-Mv‡qeI Ki‡Z cv‡i bv eis Avj−vnB Zv‡K nwiYwU aivi Rb¨ AbymiY K‡i; wKš‘ cÖvq Kv‡Q wM‡q †Nvov
Mv‡qe †ndvR‡Z †i‡L‡Qb! †Kqvg‡Zi c~‡e© Zv‡K cÖKvk Avi mvg‡b AMÖmi nq bv; eû †Póv K‡iI †Nvov‡K GK
Kiv‡eb! GB KvíwbK AÜ wek¦v‡m Zviv AvRI ciewZ© cvÕI mvg‡b nUv‡Z cv‡iwb| ivRv nZf¤^! AZtci ivRv
Bgvg‡`i ¯^xKvi mg_©b I wek¦vm K‡ib bv| Zvi mnPi‡`i ‡W‡K nwiYwU D×vi Ki‡Z wb‡`©k †`b wKš‘y
gymjgvb Kv‡di‡`i nv‡Z knx` nIqv nhiZ Avjxi jvk Zv‡`i †NvovI AweKj mg `~i‡Z¡ mvg‡b Avi AMÖmi nqB
†gveviK ‡Kv_vq †Mj! Kei †Kv_vq! Zv wkqv-Qybœx †KnB bv| mK‡jB nZf¤^! ivRv fve‡jb wbðqB †Kvb eyRyM©
AKvU¨ cÖgvb w`‡q ej‡Z cv‡ib bv| wnUjv‡ii Aš—a©vb, †jv‡Ki gvRvi n‡e| AZtci wZwb ARmª A_© Li‡P wekvj
gvÎ †m w`‡bi †bZvRx myfvm †ev‡mi Mv‡qe AvRI GjvKv Ry‡o gvRvi msjMœ GKwU `iMvnmn gmwR` wbg©vb
inm¨gq I weZwK©Z! Dciš‘ nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i (mv) eskmn K‡ib| †mB gvRvi kwi‡di bvgvbymv‡I AvdMvwb¯’v‡bi H
wkqv‡`i AwaKvsk BgvgMYB gymjgvb Kv‡di- wRjvwUi bvgKiY Kiv nq ÔgvRvi kwid;Õ DnvB we‡kl
175

K‡i AvdMvb‡`i Kv‡Q Avjxi gvRvi bv‡g L¨vZ; ‰`wbK 3. wKš‘ hLb Zzwg Avgv‡K [Cmv] ÔZz‡jÕ [ÔIdvZÕ A_©:
†mLv‡b nvRvi nvRvi `k©bv_©xi AvMgY nq|[ Z_¨myÎ: BD m¨vwUm‡dKmb, dyjwdj‡g›U, wWmPvR©, †W_] wb‡j
Gb IÕi Aax‡b ‡mLv‡bB Kg© iZ wiUvqvW©: †gRi hyM‡fix ZLb ZzwgB‡Zv wQ‡j Zv‡`i Kvh©Kjv‡ci
Z_¨wU cvwV‡q‡Qb|] ZËveavqK Ges ZzwgB me© wel‡q mv¶x| [5: 117]
nhiZ Avjxi gvRvi m¤ú‡K© KÆi Qybœx‡`i A™¢yZ wek¦vm †h, IdvZ kãwUi A_© hvB †nvK wKš‘ gymwjg we‡k¦
Avjxi gvRvi D‡Ui wc‡V! †QvU †ejv ûRy‡ii Kv‡Q D™¢U Dnvi A_© Ôg„Zz¨Õ wnmv‡eB myVvg cÖwZwôZ _vKv
Mí †kvbv ‡h, `yB Kz‡Rvavix D‡Ui GKwU Kz‡Rv Avjxi m‡Z¡I CQvi IdvZ ev ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ Awek¦vm ev
Mv‡qex gvRv‡ii A‡jŠwKK bgybv! NUbvwU kwiqZx cy¯— A¯^xKvi Kivi hyw³ ‡bB!
Kvw`‡ZI cvIqv Am¤¢e bq| Z‡e Qybœx HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z m‡e©vcwi wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Zi mKj Abyev‡` nhiZ
dzivZ b`xi evu‡ai cv‡k© mgvwnZ Kiv n‡qwQj hv dzivZ gynv¤§`‡K (mv) ÔZz‡j †bqvÕ A‡_© mvaviY g„Zz¨ Ges ivQy‡ji
b`x‡ZB wejxb n‡q †M‡Q| cÖKvk¨ g„Zz¨B Zv mcÖgvwbZ; GgbwK evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK
Dcgnv‡`‡k Bivb KZ…©K ag© cÖPvi I cÖwZôv K‡í dvD‡Ûmb ÔIdv‡ZiÕ Abyev` mivmwi Ôg„Zz¨ NUvBÕ Kiv
Bgvwgqv‡Z Awek¦vmx QybœxMY bvgvR-†ivRv, †d‡i¯—v, n‡q‡Q| j¶Yxq welq †h, †mLv‡b Aviex kãwU Ôivdvqv,Õ
†e‡n¯—-‡`vhL BZ¨vw` dviwm© k‡ãi gZ wkqv‡`i Bgvg ev ÔIdvZÕ †bB Av‡Q gvÎ Ôhvnvev,Õ hv mvaviY A_©: ÔP‡j
†gn`x gZev‡` cÖfvweZ n‡q‡Qb| cÖK…Z c‡¶ H `yÕ‡Uv hvIqvÕ eySvq| K‡qKwU Abyev` †`Lyb:
wek¦vmB †Kvivb ewnf©~Z fvev‡eM, D™¢U Kíbv ev cÖjvcI 1. If we take thee away, We shall be sure To
ejv hvq| exact retribution from them. [43:41]
Avn¤§w`qvMY wek¦vm K‡ib †h, CQv ïj †_‡K cvwj‡q Abdullah Yusuf Ali.
2. But if We should take you away, Still We
Kvk¥x‡i AvZ¥‡Mvcb K‡ib Ges †mLv‡bB Zvi g„Zz¨ nq|
shall inflict retribution on them. [43:41]
Zvi Kei I i³v³ Rvgv Zviv `„pZvi mwnZ mbv³ K‡i‡Qb Shakir.
e‡jI `vwe K‡ib| wKš‘ K_v n‡jv: Dc‡i 2bs AvqvZ 3. Avwg hw` ‡Zvgvi g„Zz¨ NUvB Zey Avwg Zv‡`i
†gvZv‡eK ÔnZ¨vI K‡iwb, µzkwe×I K‡iwbÕ myZivs CQvi kvw¯— w`e|[43:41] BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb|
i³gvLv Rvgvi `wjj cÖgvb †Kvivb wei“× I KvíwbK 4. Avwg ‡Zvgv‡K mwi‡q wb‡jI I‡`i Dci
e‡jB g‡b nq| cÖwZ‡kva wbe|[43-41] gynv¤§` nvweeyi
2 bs Avqv‡Zi Abymi‡Y CQvi g„Zz¨ †Kv_vq! wKfv‡e! G ingvb|
welq AZxZ Kv‡j †hgb weåg, mskq wQj †ZgbB wgR©v Dc‡i `wjj cÖgvb mv‡c‡¶ wek` Av‡jvPbvi c‡iI hviv
†Mvjvg Avn¤§`mn mKj RvwZ AvRI †mB mskq, weåvwš— nvw`‡mi †`vnvB w`‡q cÖPwjZ gZev‡` AUj Av‡Qb! Zviv
‡Z Av‡Qb Ges _vK‡eb!! †Kvivb ej‡Q gxgvskv n‡e ¯^-¯^ †klev‡ii gZ wbæ ewY©Z Avqv‡Zi Av‡jv‡K ¯^ ¯^ wek¦vm
g„Zz¨¶‡Y | Z‡e Zvi ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ †h n‡qwQj Zv wb¤§ ciL K‡i wb‡Z cv‡ib|
AvqvZwU Rjš— mvw¶| wKš‘ †Kvb `j ev RvwZiB K¡yj−y bvdmxb Rv‡qKvZzj gvI‡Z = Rxe gvÎB g„Zz¨¯^v` MÖnY
AvqvZwUi Dci Cgvb †bB, †`Lyb: K‡i/Rxe giYkxj = Every soul shall have a test of
176
death. [3: 185] cv‡i Ges n‡”Q| myZivs †Kvb& ag©‡K mv¤cÖ`vwqK ev
* RvwZMZ ag© ejv hvq! Avi †Kvb& ag©‡KB ev Avš—R©vwZK
AvL¨vqxZ Kiv hvq!
59 mKj bexB wek¦ bex I Awfbœ a‡g©i bex AviI mnR D`vniY: AweKj Avgvi gZ GKwU †jvK
we‡k¦i ey‡K Lyu‡R †eov‡j Avgv‡KB mve¨¯’ Ki‡Z n‡e,
Kg© mvabvq Ávb-¸‡Yi wbwi‡L bex-ivQyj g‡bvbxZ KviY Avgvi gZ AweKj wØZxqwU Avi †bB| AvwgB we‡k¦i
nb| ‡Kn gvbyK wK bv gvbyK, mgv‡R ¯^xK…wZ cvK ev bv Rb¨, we‡k¦i ey‡K GKRb, GKvš— GKK| Z`ª“c †h †Kvb
cvK, Zviv c`vwaKvi e‡j mK‡jB Avš—R©vwZK| cÖavbZt GKwU gvbyl, GKwU KzKzi, weovj we‡k¦i ey‡K cvVv‡bv
mªóv ¯^xKvi AZtci gvbe gZwe‡iva gxgvskv K‡í mgv‡R n‡q‡Q, we‡k¦i Rb¨B Ges cÖwZwU KxU-cZ½ wek¦RwbbZvi
kvwš— cÖwZôv Z_v Rb¥-g„Zz¨ mv_©K Kivi Rb¨B hy‡M hy‡M cÖK…ô cÖZxK| GgZve¯’vq gvÎ GKRb bex‡K wek¦RwbbZvi
bex-ivQyj‡`i Avwef©ve nq| Giv †KD mv¤cÖ`vwqK Avevi `vex A`~i`wk©Zv! ¯^qs gyn¤§` [mv] †Kviv‡b wb‡RB ¯^xKvi
†KD Avš—R©vwZK A_ev Avj−vni weavb GK RvwZi Rb¨ K‡ib †h, ÒAvwg byZb wKQy bB; Avwg b~n-Beªvnxg †_‡K
Kj¨vYKi, Ab¨ RvwZi Rb¨ Zv AKj¨vYKi A_ev GK mKj bexi Abymvix|Ó
RvwZi Rb¨ nvjvj c¶vš—‡i Ab¨ RvwZi Rb¨ Zv nvivg mvaviYZt Avš—R©vwZK A‡_© we‡k¦i msL¨v Mwi‡ôi
Ávb Kiv †Kvivb wei“× Z_v Pig g~L©Zv gvÎ| bex- ¯^xK…wZ I mg_©b †evSvq wKš‘ gymjgvb‡`i †Zv †m
ivQyj‡Zv `~‡ii K_v `vk©wbK, Kwe-mvwnwZ¨K, ˆeÁvwbKMY Ae¯’vbI †bB|
¯’vb, Kvj, cvÎ ev fvlvq mxgve× bb| Áv‡bi ev¯—e me‡P‡q nvm¨Ki ev D‡Ø‡Mi welq n‡jv †h, nvw`‡m
djvdjB weÁvb| Ávb-eyw×, †cÖg-wein, B”Qv,kw³, gyn¤§`‡K [mv] bex‡`i m`©vi e‡j cybt cybt †NvlYv Kiv
hveZxq †`vl-¸‡Yi †`k I RvwZ‡f` _v‡K bv ; Ges Dnv n‡q‡Q, wVK †mB nvw`‡mB Zuv‡K AZxZ bex‡`i cyÎ, fvB
cÖvPxi w`‡q AvUwK‡q ivLvi e„_v †Póv gvÎ| e‡j ¯^-cÖgvY K‡i‡Q| D`vniY: Kw_Z †gÕiv‡R 1g
c¶vš—‡i GKgvÎ gyn¤§`‡K [mv] wek¦bex, me©†kªô bex, Avmgv‡b Av`g I 7g Avmgv‡b Beªvnxg (mv) Zvu‡K Ô †n
bex‡`i bex, bex‡`i mi`vi, bex‡`i Bgvg BZ¨vw` erm! †n my‡hvM¨ bex!Õ e‡j †gveviKev` Rvbvq; 2q
`vex¸wj †KvivwbK hyw³ cÖgvYnxb `jxq wnsmv AnsKv‡ii Avmgvb †_‡K 6ô Avmgvb ch©š— Ab¨ me bexMY Ô†n fvB!
ewntcÖKvk gvÎ| Abyiƒc Ab¨ RvwZMYI wb‡R‡`i e¨vcv‡i †n my‡hvM¨ bex!Õ e‡j †gveviKev` Rvbvq| GgbwK gyQvi
Z`ª“c wek¦vm K‡ib e‡jB cieZ©x bex‡K GgbwK (†QvU) (mv) mnKvix bex nvi“bI (mv) Zuv‡K fvB e‡j m‡¤^vab
bex wnmv‡eI ¯^xKvi K‡iwb| AZGe GKK wek¦RwbbZvi K‡ib| AZxZ bexMY ciewZ© bex‡K fvB m‡¤^vab Kivi
hyw³ †hgb †bB, cÖgvY Ki‡ZI †KD †Kvb Kv‡jB m¶g A_© Kv‡ji e¨eav‡b wbtm‡›`‡n Ô†QvU fvB!Õ †Kvb bexB
bb| gyn¤§`‡K [mv] ûRyi, ¸i“, Bgvg ev eofvB ev m`©vi e‡j
hv‡`i‡K mv¤cÖ`vwqK bex ejv nq Zv‡`i ag© †mB Awfev`b K‡ib wb| [`ª: †evLvix, 5g LÛ, AvwR. nK; c„:
†`‡ki g‡a¨B mxgve× _v‡K wb ; eis we‡k¦i me©ÎB †eŠ×, 351, 352; nvw`m bs-1800]
wLª÷vb, Bûw` Ggb wK †cŠËwjKMYI Avš—R©vwZKfv‡e GKB e¨w³i GKB †KZv‡e †`vÕgyLx eqvb cÖK…Z
we¯Z…Z I cÖwZwôZ Ges ¯^xK…Z| RbmsL¨vi w`K †_‡K avwg©K‡`i fvwe‡q Zzj~K Ges cÖwZ‡ivaK `vwqZ¡ †ev‡ai
aviYv Kiv nq †eŠ×‡`i ¯’vb kx‡l©, AZtci L„óvb Ges D`q †nvK! Avi GLv‡bB †kl bq:
Z…Zxq ¯’v‡bi AwaKvix †gvmjgvb| AZtci †h†Kvb e¨w³ kwiqZ Zv‡`i KvíwbK me©‡kªó bex‡K (!) ingZ
†h†Kvb mgq Ges ¯’v‡b ¯^-B”Qvq AbeiZ ag©vš—wiZ n‡Z weewR©Z me©Kwbô bex wnmv‡e nvRvi eQi hver ‰`wbK
177

bvgv‡R 5 evi,AvRv‡b 5evi Z`exi,ZvMv`v w`‡”Qb †h, iv‡Lwb| mgvR Kv‡j Kv‡j fy‡j †M‡j, weåvš— n‡j bex-
Ab¨vb¨ bex‡`i gZ Zuvi Dc‡iI ‡hb ingZ el©Y Kiv nq; ivQyj‡`i gva¨‡g cybive„wË NUvb gvÎ| †Kviv‡b GKwU gvÎ
wKš‘ AvR ch©š— ingZ el©Y K‡ibwb e‡jB Zv‡`i Z`exi weavbI †bB, hv byZb e‡j †KD cÖgvY Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
Kw_Z †KqvgZ ch©š— Ae¨nZ _vK‡e! (`ª: we¯—vwiZ †`Lyb AZGe mKj bexB H GKB weav‡bi cÖwZkÖ“Z cÖeZ©K,
ÔbvgvR Aa¨vq|Õ) ms¯‹viK I msi¶K; Bgvg ev †bZv| AZGe KvD‡K †QvU-
Kv‡ji e¨eav‡b GKB gbyl¨ RvwZ hLb ag©-K‡g© eo, mv¤cÖ`vwqK-Avš—R©vwZK aviYv ev cÖgvb Kivi duvK-
gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i mgv‡R Akvwš— NUvq; AZtci †m¸wji ‡duvKo †bB| eis Avj−vn I bex‡`i g‡a¨ hviv cv_©K¨
mwVK gxgvskv K‡í bex-ivQyj‡`i Avwef©ve nq| †Kvivb K‡i, Zv‡`i‡K †Kvivb Kv‡di, dv‡QK I Rv‡jg †NvlYv
†`Lyb: K‡i| †`Lyb:
Kv-bvbœv-Qy D¤§vZvD Iqvwn`vn-- gy¯—vKxg| [2: evKviv- 1. K¡zj! Avgvbœv we-j−vwn-- gyQ‡jgyb| [3:Bgivb-84]
213] A_©: gbyl¨ RvwZ GKB `jf‚³, GKK RvwZ| AZtci A_©: ej! Avgiv Avj−vn‡Z Ges Avgv‡`i cÖwZ hv
Avj−vn bexMY‡K mymsev` `vZv I gxgvskvKvix wnmv‡e AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Ges Beªvnxg, BmgvBj, BmnvK, BqvKze
g‡bvbqb K‡ib| gvby‡li g‡a¨ †h welq gZ‡f` m„wó I Zvi eskaiM‡Yi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Ges hv gyQv,
n‡qwQj ZviB my¯úó gxgvskvi Rb¨| wKš‘ wnsmvi Kvi‡YB Cmv I Ab¨vb¨ bexMY‡K Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU
Zviv Zv †g‡b †bq bv| †_‡K cÖ`vb Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z Cgvb G‡bwQ| Avgiv
c~‡e©I ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, Beªvnx‡gi [mv] cÖv_©bv I Avj−vni Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †KvbiKg cv_©K¨ Kwi bv Ges ZvnviB
cÖwZkÖ“wZ †gvZv‡eK hy‡M hy‡M AmsL¨ bex-ivQyj g‡bvbxZ wbKU AvÍmgc©YKvix|
n‡q‡Qb; hviv mK‡jB cÖwZkÖ“Z bex| gvÎ cÖvq 28/29 Rb 2. Av-gvbvi ivQyjy-- gvwQi| [2: evKviv-285] A_©:
bex-ivQyj‡`i K_vB †Kviv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q; evwK‡`i K_v ivQyj, Zvi cÖwZ Zvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki c¶ †_‡K hv
D‡j−L Kiv nq wb| Avi Gfv‡eB AZx‡Zi mKj Hkx AeZxY© n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z †m [ivQyj] Cgvb G‡b‡Q Ges
MÖš’mg~n bvwRj nq; ¯’vb Kvj I fvlv †f‡`i cv_©K¨ Qvov f³MYI [gygxb]| Zv‡`i mK‡jB GKK Avj−vn‡Z,
weav‡bi †KvbB cv_©K¨ †bB| Avj−vni Qybœv‡Z Kv‡j-Kv‡j wdwi¯—vM‡Y, wKZvemg~‡n Ges ivQyjM‡Y Cgvb G‡b‡Q|
cwieZ©b, cwiea©b, ms‡hvRb ev ms‡KvPb nq bv; KviY Zviv e‡j! Avgiv Zvi ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ †KvbiKg
Avj−vn gb-gMRavix bb wKsev wn›`y, †gvm‡jg A_ev m„ó cv_©K¨ Ávb Kwi bv| Zviv e‡j, ÔAvgiv [Dwj−wLZ
wKQy bb| †Kvivb †`Lyb: weavb] ï‡bwQ Ges ¯^xKvi K‡iwQ Ges cvjY K‡iwQ| †n
ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ †Zvgvi c~‡e© hv‡`i g‡bvbxZ K‡iwQjvg, Avgv‡`i cÖwZcvjK! Avgiv †Zvgvi ¶gv PvB †ZvgviB
Zv‡`i †¶‡ÎI wQj GKB QybœZ [weavb] Ges Zzwg Avgvi wbKU Avgv‡`i cÖZ¨veZ©b|
Qybœv‡Z [weav‡b] KLbI †Kvb cwieZ©b ev e¨wZµg cv‡e 3. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- AvRvev¤§yweb| [4: wbQv-150,151 ]
bv| [17:ewb-BmivBj-77; 35:dvwZi-43] A_©: hviv Avj−vn I Zvi ivQyjMY‡K cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i
bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾, hvKvZ, Beªvnx‡gi [mv] Avgj Ges Avj−vn I ivQy‡ji g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ m„wó K‡i Ges
†_‡KB ejer Kiv n‡q‡Q; mKj a‡g©B †ewk-Kg AvRI e‡j, ÔAvgiv KZK‡K wek¦vm Kwi Ges KZK‡K
we`¨gvb; wKš‘ weK…Z Ae¯’vq| cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kwi A_ev Bnv‡`i ga¨eZ©x †Kvb c_
gvbe †Mvwô‡K hv †`qvi Zv Avgv‡`i evev Av`g, ag© Aej¤^b K‡i ; cÖK…Zc‡¶ BnvivB Kvwdi Ges
wcZv Beªvnx‡gi (mv) gva¨‡gB †`qv n‡q‡Q; hv‡K hveZxq, Kvwdi‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q wbK…ó kvw¯—i e¨e¯’v|
mKj wKQy [bvg] wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb, Avj−vn wKQyB evwK 4. A j−vRxbv-- ivwng| [4: wbQv-152] A_©: hviv Avj−vn
178

Ges Zvi ivQyjM‡Y Cgvb Av‡b Ges Zv‡`i G‡Ki fvlx‡`i] mZK© Ki‡Z cvi--|
mwnZ Ac‡ii cv_©K¨ K‡i bv Zv‡`i‡K wZwb cyi¯‹vi 2. †j ZzbwRiv KvIgv-- [36: Bqvwmb-6] A_©: Ggb GK
w`‡eb, Ges Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, `qvjy| RvwZi Rb¨ †Zvgv‡K cvwV‡qwQ, hv‡`i c~e© cyi“l‡`i
bex-ivQyj‡`i g‡a¨ Ávb, ¸Y I kw³‡Z †h cv_©K¨ wQj Gi Av‡M mZK© Kiv nq wb, hvi d‡j Zviv Mvwdj
e‡U!| Avi GB wbæ AvqvZwU wb‡qB kwiqZ †ewk wQj|
evovevwo K‡i _v‡Kb, †`Lyb: 3. Kv Rv‡jKv-- [13: ivÕ`-30]| A_©: GBfv‡e Avwg
wZjKvi ivQyjy -- [2: evKviv-253] A_©:GB ivQyjMY, †Zvgv‡K cvwV‡qwQ GKwU RvwZi R‡b¨, hvi c~‡e© eû
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ G‡Ki Zzjbvq Ab¨‡K ¶gZvevb K‡iwQ ; RvwZ MZ n‡q‡Q--|
Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Ggb †Kn i‡q‡Qb hvi m‡½ Avj−vn K_v 4. Agv KzbZv-- Bqv ZvRv°vi“b| [28: Kvmvm-46] A_©:-
e‡j‡Qb, Avevi Kvnv‡KI D”P ¶gZv `vb K‡i‡Qb, gwiqg -hv‡Z Zzwg Ggb GK m¤cÖ`vq‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cvi,
Zbq Cmv‡K ¯úô wb`k©b `vb K‡iwQ, cweÎ AvÍv Øviv hv‡`i wbKU †Zvgvi c~‡e© †Kvb mZK©Kvix Av‡mwb,
kw³kvjx K‡iwQ--| †hb Zviv Dc‡`k MÖnb K‡i|
Dwj−wLZ Avqv‡Z bex‡`i g‡a¨ ¸Yv¸‡Yi cv_©K¨ 5. nvRv-- AvwRdvZz| [53: bRg-56] A_©: AZx‡Zi
†`Lv‡Z wM‡q gyn¤§‡`i [mv] D`vniY bv w`‡q eis gyQv (mv) mZK©Kvix‡`i gZB BwbI GKRb mZK©Kvix gvÎ|
Ges Cmvi (mv) bvgwU cÖavb D`vniY wnmv‡e Zz‡j aiv ‡h AvqvZwU w`‡q gynv¤§`‡K (mv) me© †kªó bex, bex‡`i
n‡q‡Q ; AZtci wb‡æ ÔmKj bexB wek¦ bexÕ ewY©Z mi`vi e‡j e¨_© †Póv Kiv nq:
Avqv‡Z Cmv I Beªvnxg‡K (mv) ÔBnKvj I ciKv‡ji dvKvBdv-- kvwn`vb| [4: wbQv- 41] A_©:hLb cÖ‡Z¨K
†bZv,Õ ag© wcZv e‡j †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| c¶vš—‡i †Kv_vI D¤§Z †_‡K GKRb mv¶x Dcw¯’Z Kie Ges †Zvgv‡K
gyn¤§`‡K (mv) ÔingZzwj−j AvjvwgbÕ ejv n‡q‡Q, Abyiƒc Zv‡`i wei“‡× mv¶xiƒ‡c Dcw¯’Z Kie ZLb Kx Ae¯’v n‡e?
gyQv‡KI (mv) ingZzwj−j Avjvwgb Ôwe‡k¦i Rb¨ ingZÕ Ges AvqvZwU‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, cÖ‡Z¨K D¤§‡Zi Rb¨ mv¶x
Zvi †KZv‡e ÔhveZxq mKj wKQyi D‡j−L Av‡QÕ A_©vr c~Y© ¯^iƒc Zv‡`i ¯^ ¯^ bex‡K Dcw¯’Z Kiv n‡e| GLv‡b
†KZve e‡j ewY©Z Av‡Q| cwi¯‹vi †h, AZxZ D¤§‡Zi Dci Zv‡`i ¯^ ¯^ bex Qvov
g~jZt cv_©K¨¸wj bex‡`i cÖPvi-cªwZôv ev mvd‡j¨i ‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) ‡KvbB `vq-`vwqZ¡, KZ©e¨ ev KZ…©Z¡ †bB|
Bw½Z gvÎ| ¯’vb, Kvj I cv·f‡` mgvR‡K mnRfv‡e AZGe wePv‡ii Rb¨ evKx _v‡K gvÎ †gvnv¤§‡`i (mv)
c‡_ Avbvi Rb¨ mgvR I mgqKvj Dc‡hvMx Ávb I Kjv- D¤§ZMY| myZivs Avqv‡Z Dwj−wLZ ÔZv‡`iÕ ej‡Z
†KŠkj gvÎ| AZtci †K †QvU Avi †K eo Zv wbw`©ó K‡i Ô‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) D¤§Z bv ey‡S eis AZxZ mKj bex‡`i
†Kvb †KZv‡eB mbv³ K‡i wb; eis G wb‡q cv_©K¨ m„wó ey‡S †bqvi wZj cwigvY hyw³-cÖgvb †bB| myZivs
Kiv nvivg e‡j †NvwlZ n‡q‡Q| AviI cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †h kwiq‡Zi GB f~j e¨vL¨v †gvm‡jg RvwZi Rb¨ AvZ¥NvZx
mKj AvqvZ w`‡q Ab¨ bex‡`i‡K †QvU ev mv¤cÖ`vwqK n‡q‡Q; KviY GB åvš— `k©bwU cÖPvi cÖwZôv Kivq ‡gvm‡jg
cÖgvY Kivi e¨_© †Póv Kiv nq; wVK AweKj Ges GKvwaK RvwZ AvR mKj RvwZi †Pv‡L kΓ e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡q cï-
AvqvZ nhiZ gynv¤§‡`i [mv] Rb¨I eiv× Av‡Q| †Kvivb cw¶i gZ wbab n‡”Q, n‡”Q †eB¾Zx | g~jZt bex-ivQyj
†`Lyb: gv‡bB wek¦ bex:
1. AKv RvwjKv-- [42: ïiv-7] A_©: Gfv‡e Avwg Beªvnxg [mv]:
†Zvgvi cÖwZ Aviex fvlvq ‡Kvivb AeZxY© K‡iwQ hv‡Z 1. ABwReZvjv-Beªvnxgv-- ¾vwjgxb| [2: evKviv-
Zzwg gK¡v I Zvi Pvi cv‡k©i †jvK‡`i [Aviex fvlv-
179

124] A_©: Ges ¯§iY K‡iv! Beªvnxg‡K Zvi cÖwZcvjK BDmyd, gymv I nviƒb‡KI-- Ges RvKvixqv, BqvnBqv,
Zvi f‡³i cix¶v wb‡jb Avi Zv‡Z †m DËxY© n‡jv; Cmv Ges Bwjqvm‡KI, Av‡iv mrc‡_ cwiPvwjZ
ZLb Avj−vn †NvlYv Ki‡jb, ÔAvwg †Zvgv‡K gvbe K‡iwQjvg BmgvBj, Avj- Bqvmv, BDbym I jyZ‡K;
RvwZi †bZv g‡bvbxZ Kijvg|--|] Ges †kªôZ¡ w`‡qwQjvg wek¦-RM‡Zi Dci cÖ‡Z¨K‡K|
2. AgvB BqviMvey-- Q‡jnxb| [ 2:evKviv-130] A_©: Gevi j¶bxq wek¦¯’ I mrKg©xMYB m„wói †kªó:
ee©i, Kv‡di e¨ZxZ Beªvnx‡gi ag©v`k© †_‡K Avi †K bex-ivQyj‡Zv `~‡ii K_v; GKRb mvaviY wek¦¯’ f³ I
wegyL n‡e| we‡k¦i ey‡K Avwg Zv‡K g‡bvbxZ K‡iwQ, mrKg©x hw` mgMÖ m„wói †miv n‡Z cv‡i! ZLb bex-
ciKv‡jI †m mrKg©x‡`i Aš—f©~³| ivQyj‡`i‡K wb‡q A‡nZzK Ges Ae©vPx‡bi gZ †QvU-eo,
gyQv [mv]: Avš—R©vwZK-mv¤cÖ`vwqK BZ¨vw` wePvi we‡k−lY K‡i ivq
1. Qy¤§v Av-ZvB-bv gyQv-- BDwgbyb| [6:AvbAvg-154] cª`vb Kivi A_© ¯^qs Avj−vni Dci KZ©©„Z¡ Kiv, hv
A_©: mr Kg©kxj‡`i Rb¨ gyQv‡K w`‡qwQjvg wKZve; mvavi‡Yi c‡¶ fqven Kzdzix KvR! †`Lyb:
Zv‡Z wQj mg¯— wKQyi e¨vL¨v (c~Y©), c_ wb‡`©k I ingZ Bbœvj−vRxbv Av-gvby-- evwiBq¨vn [98: evBwq¨bvn-7]
[ingvZzj−xj Avjvgxb]| A_©: hviv wek¦¯’ I mrKg©x, ZvivB m„wói †kªô|
2. K¡v-jv Bqv- gyQv-- k¦v-wKixb| [7:Avivd-144] A_©: GB we¯§qKi mvg¨ev‡`i †NvlYv ïay †Kviv‡bB bq !
ej‡jb, †n gyQv! Avwg †Zvgv‡K Avgvi †cÖiYv eis cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’B _vKv ¯^vfvweK|
[†iQvjZ] I evK¨ [Awn] w`‡q gvbyl RvwZi g‡a¨ †kªôZv AZGe, GZ`m¤^wÜq Qwnn& [?] nvw`m¸wj g~jZt †h Qwnn&
w`‡qwQ; myZivs Avwg hv w`jvg Zv AvK‡o _v‡Kv I bq eis †Kvivb wei“× Ges gnvbexi bv‡g ¸i“Zi Kj¼,
K…ZÁZv ¯^xKvi K‡iv| G¶‡Y Avkv Kwi Kv‡iv wØav-`‡›Øi AeKvk †bB| AZGe,
`vD` [mv]: Kv‡iv bv‡gi c‡i: (Avt), (Qvt), (mvt) BZ¨vw` wj‡L ev
1. Bqv `vD`y-- Av‡Ø© | [38:mvÕ` 26] A_©: †n `vD`! e‡j gvÎ Av¶wiK cv_©K¨ Ávb KivI Avi mgxPxb bq|
Avwg †Zvgv‡K we‡k¦i cÖwZwbwa K‡iwQ--| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ we‡klY¸wji A_©I GK; ïay eY©, k‡ãi
Cmv [mv]: cv_©K¨ G‡b †QvU-eo Kivi AwfcÖvq g~L©Zv gvÎ! †hgb:
1. GR K¡v-jvwZ-- gyKviivexb| [3:Bgivb-45]| A_©: (Av:)= AvjvB‡n”Qvjvg A_©: Zvnvi Dc‡i [Avj−vni] kvwš—;
¯§iY Ki! hLb wdwikZvMY ej‡jv, †n gwiqvg! Avj−vn (mv, Qv)= mv‡j−j−vû AvjvB‡n AQvj−vg A_©: Avj−vni kvwš—
†Zvgv‡K Zvi c¶ †_‡K GKwU mymsev` w`‡”Qb; Zvi Zvnvi Dc‡i Ges kvwš—; GgbwK Qvjvgy AjvBKzg A_©:
bvg gmxn, gwiqv‡gi †Q‡j Cmv; †m mgMÖ we‡k¦ GgbwK Avcbv‡`i Dc‡i [Avj−vni] kvwš—|
ciKv‡jI m¤§v‡bi AwaKvix Ges †mI m¤§vbxZM‡Yi †f‡e ‡`Lv DwPr †h, mvaviY gvby‡li †`vqv `yiƒ` Qvov&B
GKRb| hLb Zuviv bex-ivQyj n‡q‡Qb, ZLb Avi gvbyl-Agvby‡li
mKj bexMYB wek¦ bex: †LZve cÖ`vb,†`vqv, `yiƒ`, Avkxe©v`, kvdv‡qZ BZ¨vw`
1. Bbœvj−vnv-- Av-jvgxb| [3:Bgivb-33] A_©: Av`g‡K, Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvRb ‡bB, eis a„óZv e‡jB g‡b nq| AZGe
byn‡K I Beªvnx‡gi eskai‡K Ges Bgiv‡bi eskai‡K GZ`m¤^Üxq wbæ AvqvZwUi A_© Abyev` bZzb K‡i
wek¦ RM‡Z †kªôZv `vb K‡i‡Qb| M‡elYvi `iKvi:
2. A Anve bv-- Av jvgxb| [6:AvbAvg-84-86] A_©: ÔBbœvj−vnv Agvjv‡qKvZvû BDQvwj−Dbv Avjvb bvex--|Õ
Ges Zv‡K `vb K‡iwQjvg BmnvK I BqvKze-- c~‡e© [33: AvnRve-56]
byn‡KI, Ges Zvi eskai `vD`, myjvqgvb, Avqye, cÖPwjZ Abyev`: Avj−vn I †d‡i¯—vMY bexi cÖwZ bvgvR
180

(`yi“`) c‡ob; †n gywgbMY! †ZvgivI Zvi cÖwZ bvgvR cvq| GB Awf‡hvM LÛv‡bvi Rb¨ Avcb Rxe‡bi Dci KQg
(`yi“`) c‡ov| †L‡q †NvlYv K‡ib †h, wZwb g‡i †h‡Z ivwR wKš‘ Mi“i gvsm
c¶vš—‡i †cÖiYvcªvß gwReyj n‡Ki fveev`x Abyev`:: Lvb wb ev Lv‡eb bv| wn›`y †gŠjev‡`i cÖavb ¸i“ ev Bgvg n‡qI
ÒRMr ¯^vgx †cÖgvb›` †e`-MxZv m¤^‡Ü Zvi wZj cwigvY aviYv †bB| A_P †mB
Kg©vK‡g© gnv Avb›`| a‡g©i †`vnvB w`‡qB wZwb w`weŸ ivR ¶gZv `Lj K‡iwQ‡jb|
Ggwb GKwU dzj wn›`y‡`i Mi“ LvIqv †e‡`i †Kv_vI wbwl× †bB; eis Mi“
dzU‡Q †i AvR- LvIqvi weavb †e‡`B mg_©b K‡i, †`Lyb:
cwZZ ågvÜ emyÜvivq| Ò--e„‡li gvsk [†e`:1/164/43], gwn‡li gvsm [†e`:
g~bx Flx dwKi 5/29/8], A‡Ri gvsm [†e`:1/162/3] LvIqv n‡Zv|--
mvay AvDwjqv cxi AviI ejv n‡q‡Q ciw¯^bx Mvfx gvby‡li fRbxq [
Kzjiƒn I gvjv‡qKvZ †e`:4/1/6]|-- ‡Mv nZ¨v ¯’v‡b MvfxMY nZ¨v n‡Zv
me© D”P †kªYxi [†e`:10/89/14]| B‡›`ªi Rb¨ †Mverm DrmM© Kiv n‡q‡Q|
mgª‡g †bvqvq kxi [FK‡e`:10:86:14]| GgbwK Dcwbl` ej‡Q: Ô†e`Ávb jvf
evZ©ven cvq|Ó Ki‡Z n‡j, ¯^v¯’¨ev` mš—vb jvf Ki‡Z n‡j luv‡oi gvsm
* LvIqv Ri“ix|Ó
60 †e`-MxZvq g~wZ© cyRv wbwl×; Mi“ LvIqv, Kei †`qv
wm× Mi“I gvsm LvIqvi AmsL¨ `wjj cÖgvb m¤^wjZ bx‡Pi
g~wZ© c~Rv: BsivwR cÖwZ‡e`bwU B›Uvi‡bU †_‡K msMÖn Kiv n‡q‡Q:
cÖPwjZ gywZ© cyRv †e` KLbI mg_©b K‡i wb eis we‡ivwaZv
Ancient Hindus Ate The Cow
K‡i‡Q:
Motiram Ugdev, India
ÔAvÁv hRwš— we‡k¦ks cvlvYvw`ly me©`vÕ-fMevb gywZ©‡Z bb| It is interesting to note that the cow used to be
fMevb me©f‚‡Z| myZivs me©f‚‡Zi fRbvB Ck¦‡ii Dcvmbv| slaughtered by the ancient Hindus to enjoy its beef,
me©f~Zw¯’Zs †hv gvs fR‡Z¨KZ¡gvw¯’ZÕ- BZ¨vw` 6/31 I 223 entertain the guests and offer it as sacrifice to their
c„; evs.MxZv: c„: 37 ] A_©: †h me© f‚‡Z Aew¯’Z bvivqvb‡K deities.
D‡c¶v K‡i gywZ©‡Z bvivq‡bi AP©bv K‡i, †m f‡¯§ [Mahatma] Gandhi himself says, "I know there are
N„ZvûwZ†`q| [evs MxZv; c„: 37, †gŠp¨v™¢¤§‡b¨i Ry†nvwZ m: scholars who tell us that cow-sacrifice is mentioned in
224 c„:] the Vedas. I... read a sentence in our Sanskrit text-
Mi“i gvsm: book to the effect that Brahmins of old [period] used to
GwU mK‡jiB Rvbv †h gywZ©ev` ev †cŠËwjK RvwZ †_‡KB eat beef" [M.K. Gandhi, Hindu Dharma, New Delhi,
†gvmjgvb‡`i DrcwË ev AvMgY| Dwj−wLZ †e‡`i Av‡jv‡K 1991, p. 120].
†gvmjgvbMY wn›`y _vKve¯’vqB Mi“ †L‡Zv A_©vr c~e© cyi“l wn›`y He, however, refrained from showing enough courage
†_‡KB Mi“i gvsm LvIqv wk‡L‡Q| in clearly speaking the truth, may be because he did
m¤cÖwZ fvi‡Zi cÖv³b cÖavbgš¿x †gŠjev`x Rbve AUj not like to hurt the sentiments of the people who were
wenvwi evRcvqx †Mvc‡b Mi“i gvsm †L‡q‡Qb e‡j KwZcq the main source of his political strength.
wn›`yMY Zv‡K Awfhy³ K‡ib hv Av‡gwiKvi cwÎKvqI cÖKvk There are clear evidences in the Rig Veda, the most
181
sacred Hindu scripture, that the cow used to be Similarly, the Brihadaranyaka Upanishada (VI.4.18)
sacrificed by Hindus for religious purposes. For advises a couple to take an evening meal of beef or
instance, Hymn CLXIX of the Rig Veda says: veal pulao, if they desire to beget a son who is learned
"May the wind blow upon our cows with healing; may in the Vedas [Robert Trumbull, As I see India ,
they eat herbage ... Like-colored various-hued or London, 1957, p.241].
single- colored whose names through sacrifice are "When a man finds that his wife is having her period,
known to Agni, Whom the Angirases produced by he should make sure that she does not drink from a
Fervor - vouchsafe to these, Parjanya, great. metal cup or wear fresh clothes for three days. Nor
protection. Those who have offered to the gods their should a low-caste man or woman be allowed to touch
bodies whose varied forms are all well known to her. When the three days are over and she has taken
Soma" [The Rig Veda (RV), translated by Ralph H. her bath, he should get her to thresh some rice. 'I want
Griffith, New York, 1992, p. 647]. a son with a fair complexion who will master a single
In the Rig Veda (RV: VIII.43.11) Agni is described as Veda and live out his full life span' -- if this is his
"fed on ox and cow" suggesting that cattle were wish, he should get her to cook that rice with milk, and
sacrificed and roasted in fire. Another hymn (RV: the two of them should eat it mixed with ghee. The
X.16.7) mentions the ritual enveloping of the corpse couple thus becomes capable of begetting such a son. 'I
with cow flesh before applying the fire on it. want a son with a ruddy complexion and tawny eyes
In the Brahmanas at 1.15 in the Aiteriya Brahmana, who will master two Vedas and live out his full life
the kindling of Agni on the arrival of King Some is span' -- if this is his wish, he should get her to cook
compared to the slaughter of a bull or a barren cow on that rice with curd, and the two of them should eat it
the arrival of a human king or other dignitary. mixed with ghee. The couple thus becomes capable of
Similarly, at II.1.11.1 in the Taiteriya Brahmana and begetting such a son. 'I want a son with a dark
XXXI.14.5 in the Panchavinsha Brahmana, the rishi complexion and reddish eyes who will master three
Agastya is credited with the slaughter of a hundred Vedas and live out his full life span' -- if this is his
bulls. wish, he should get her to cook that rice in water and
In verse III.1.2.21 in the Satapatha Brahmana, sage the two of them should eat it mixed with ghee. The
Yajnavalkaya asserts that even though the cow is the couple thus becomes capable of begetting such a son. 'I
supporter of everyone, he would eat beef "if it is want a learned daughter who will live out her full life
luscious." span' -- if this is his wish, he should get her to cook
At IV.5-2.1 in the same Brahmana, it is said that a that rice with sesame seeds and the two of them should
barren cow can be slaughtered in the Some sacrifice. eat it mixed with ghee. The couple thus becomes
Not only for religious purposes, but also for other capable of begetting such a daughter. 'I want a learned
purposes one could kill a cow and eat beef. and famous son, a captivating orator assisting at
Thus at II.4.2 of the same Brahmana, it is suggested councils, who will master all the Vedas and live out
that a fat bull or fat goat should be sacrificed in honour his full life span' -- if this is his wish, he should get her
of an important guest. to cook that rice with meat and the two of them should
182
eat it mixed with ghee. The couple thus becomes "Meat is indeed the best kind of food." - Satapatha
capable of begetting such a son. The meat may be that Brahmana 11:7:1:3; cf. 12:8: 3:12.
of a young or a fully grown bull (veal or beef). Then, So much for ahimsa (non-violence) & vegetarianism.
towards morning, following the same ritual procedure
as at the cooking of the pot of milk-rice, he should Not only that, but if you have been reading other parts
prepare melted butter and offer portions from the pot of this article, you will have seen other scriptural
of milk-rice in the fire, saying: 'To fire, svaha! To excerpts in which Hindu Gods themselves set an
assent, svaha! To the divine Savitr, faithful in example of eating beef (for instance, Lord Indra in
procreation, svaha!' After making these offerings, he Rig-Veda Samhita & Lord Rama in Ayodhyakanda).
takes the rest out and, after first eating himself, gives Lord Indra; the BEEF-Eater:
some to his partner. After washing his hands, he fills a "[Sacrificer:] 'They are pressing out the impetuous,
pot with water and sprinkles her with it three times, exhilarating Soma juices with the pressing-stone, for
saying: 'Get up, Visvavasu, and leave this place; find you, Indra. Drink them! They are cooking bulls for
yourself some other luscious girl. This wife is here you; you will eat them, generous Indra, when they
with her husband.' Then he embraces her, as he says: 'I summon you with food.' " - Rig Veda 10:28:3.
am ama, you are sa -- you are sa, I am ama. I am the "[Indra:] 'They have cooked for me fifteen bulls, and
Saman chant, you are the Rg verse; I am the sky, you twenty, so that I may eat the fat as well. Both sides of
are the earth. Come, let us unite, deposit the seed, to my belly are full.' " - Rig Veda 10:86:14.
get a son, a male child.' Then he spreads apart her Even Lord Indra don't spare DOGs!
thighs, saying: 'Spread apart, earth and sky.' He slips Lord Indra, although the King of Vedic Hindu Gods ,
his penis into her, presses his mouth against hers, and is a totally hopeless character:
strokes her three times in the direction of her hair, as "[Indra:] 'Because I was in desperate straits, I cooked
he says: 'May Visnu prepare your womb, and Tvastr the entrails of a DOG, and I found no one among the
mould the forms; may Prajapati impregnate you, and gods to help me. I saw my woman dishonored. Then
Dhatr lay the foetus in you.' " - Brhadaranyaka the eagle brought the honey (soma) to me.' " - Rig
Upanisad 6:4:13-21. Veda 4: 18:13.
(Actually, more than necessary was quoted above to N O T E:
show the Hindu position on beef/meat, but what the India's two most mechanized slaughter-houses,
hell, it is a hilarious Hindu ritual.) including Al-Kabeer are located in Andhra. Al-Kabeer,
Anyways, had the meat mentioned above been even a big beef exporter, is owned by a Hindu!
chicken, it would have still been extremely awkward Some 3.5 million Andhras are dependent on it.
for the so-called vegetarian faith, but this is BEEF and [vinnomot.com]
its consumption is being promoted for begetting a
learned son according to the timeless Kei †`qv wm×
Vedas. GB m¤^‡Ü cieZx© Dw³ n‡Z †`Lv hvq GB g„Z e¨w³‡K
Here is another scriptural quote on meat: f‚wg‡Z †cÖvw_Z Kiv nZ| c„w_ex‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i ejv n‡”Q,
183

gvZv †hgb Avcb AÂj w`‡q cy·K Av”Qv`b K‡i †Zgb Ges evg c‡_ Bewjmvbyf‚wZ ev kqZvb kw³ fi& K‡i
c„w_ex †hb Zv‡K Av”Qv`b K‡i| G n‡Z g‡b nq f‚wg‡Z Akvwš—ev` cÖwZóv n‡e| AZtci ¶gZv w`‡q‡Qb, †h
†cÖvw_Z Kiv g„Z‡`n mrKv‡ii ZLb Ab¨Zg ixwZ wQj| †Kvb c‡_ Pjvi c~Y© ¯^vaxbZv, A_©vr c~Y© wbi‡c¶Zv| †h,
[†e`: 1g LÛ-72]| †h c‡_B hv‡e Avj−vn Zv‡K mvnvh¨ Ki‡e| wKš‘ djvdj
*** Zv‡KB †fvM Ki‡Z n‡e| Avj−vn gbyl¨ Kg©v-K‡g©i jvf-
¶wZi avi av‡i bv| `ywbqvi mKj gvbyl †gv‡gb n‡j
Avj−vni †hgb Avb‡›`i wKQy †bB Z`ª“c mKj gvbyl
wec_Mvgx n‡jI Avj−vni `ytL Kivi †Kvb †nZz †bB| ¯^ ¯^
Kg©v-K‡g©i, ag©v-a‡g©i jvf-¶wZ, cvc-cyY¨, Kj¨vY-
AKj¨vY wbR‡KB †fvM wejvm Ki‡Z n‡e|
†Kvivb †`Lyb:
1. Anv`vBbv- ûbœv- R¡`vBb| [90:evjv`-10] A_©: Avwg
wK Zv‡K `yÕwU c_ †`LvBwb?
2. Bbœv- û`vBbv-- vdziv| [76:`vni-3] A_©: Avwg Zv‡K
c_ evZ‡j w`‡qwQ; nq †m gvb‡e, bv nq †m gvb‡e
bv|
3. jvnv gv KvQvevZ& --[ 2: evKviv-286] A_©: †m fvj
hv K‡i Zv ZviB Ges g›` hv K‡i ZvI ZviB|
a‡g©i ¯^vaxbZv ev wbi‡c¶Zvi A_© ag©nxbZv, ag©
weg~LZv, ag© A¯^xKvi ev we‡ivaxZv bq| Ô†mKzjvwiRgÕ Gi
m‡½ Ôag© wbi‡c¶ZvÕi m¤úK© Mfxi _vK‡jI cÖPwjZ
†mKzjvwiRg ag©nxbZviB ¯^v¶i enb K‡i; wKš‘ ÔKg©
gv‡bB ag©Õ Áv‡b †gŠjev`x‡`i †P‡q Zviv A‡bK D‡×©|
civ‡_© e¯‘Zc‡¶ ag©nxYZvB Zv‡`i ag© ev a‡g©i we‡ivwaZvB
Aóg Aa¨vq Zv‡`i ag©|
¯^-¯^ wek¦vm, I ag© cvj‡bi c~Y© AwaKvi, ¯^vaxbZv I
61 ag© wbi‡c¶Zv wbivcËv weavbB ag© wbi‡c¶Zv ev kvwš—ev`x gš¿| AvKvk-
evZvm, P›`ª-m~h©, MÖn-b¶Î‡K wbi‡c¶ Ávb Ki‡j, I‡`i
Avj−vn gvbyl m„„wó K‡i `yÕwU c_ evZ&‡j w`‡q‡Qb: mªóv, mªóvi mªóv‡K mv¤cÖ`vwqK fvev hyw³m½Z bq|
1. K…ZÁ, †gv‡gb,f³ A_©vr Avw¯—K| 2. AK…ZÁ, Avj−vn KvjvKvj †f`x wbi‡c¶; Avi ZvB e‡jB
we‡`ªvnx (kqZvb/Bewjm) Kvwdi A_©vr bvw¯—K| A_©vr Bewj‡mi AvcwËRbK AvcwËiI Aby‡gv`b K‡i Zvi
kvwš—-Akvwš—ev`| K‡g©i b¨vh¨ dj cÖ`vb K‡i‡Qb| Avj−vn ev Avj−vn kw³
Df‡qi DcKvi-AcKvi, cwiYvg-djvdj m¤^‡Ü GgbwK Bewjm kw³ ûeû cÖK…wZ Abyiƒc; Dnv‡`i e¨w³ ev
†Kviv‡b wek` e¨vL¨vmn wee„Z n‡q‡Q| GI ejv n‡q‡Q †h, mv¤cÖ`vwqK fvevB Kzdzix| AvKvk, evZvm, wel,
Wvb c‡_ Avj−vbyf‚wZ ev Avj−vn kw³ cÖvß n‡q Ôkvwš—ev` †Mvjveviƒ` Avi gay-myavi †K wbi‡c¶ Avi †KB ev
184

mv¤cÖ`vwqK| Ávb-weÁvb, M‡elYvq cÖK…wZi gnvfvÛvi 52] A_©: hviv Zv‡`i cÖwZcvjK‡K cÖfv‡Z I mܨvq
e¨envi K‡i †h hZ Kj¨vY-AKj¨v‡Y jvMv‡Z cv‡i| Ges Zvi mš‘wó jv‡fi Rb¨ Avivabv K‡i, Zv‡`i Zzwg
Kg© gv‡bB Zvi wµqv-cÖwZwµqv, jvf ev †Qvqve ev cvc Zvwo‡q w`I bv| Zv‡`i K‡g©i Revew`wni `vwqZ¡
Aek¨¤¢vex| †Zvgvi bq; Ges †Zvgvi †Kvb K‡g©i Revew`wni
Bmjvg A_©B Ômvg¨ev`, kvwš—ev`Õ ev ÔJugÕ ; Dnvi ˆewkó `vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i b‡n| Zzwg Zv‡`i weZvwoZ Ki‡j Zzwg
cwikªg, Z¨vM ev †mev; djvdj: eÜzZ¡; eÜzZ¡ n‡jB kvwš— Aek¨B Rvwjg‡`i Aš—f©~³ n‡e|
ev` ev Bmjvg cÖwZóv nq; Avi GB g‡š¿ w`w¶Z Ki‡Z 7. AKv¾vev wewn-- we AwKj| [6:AvbAvg 66] A_©:
PvB‡j f`ª, bgª I AgvwqK e¨envi Ges Kj¨vYKi djvdj †Zvgvi m¤cÖ`vq †Zv Dnv‡K wg_¨v e‡j‡Q A_P DnvB
cÖ`k©bB cÖavb kZ©| AZtci gvb‡j fv‡jv bv gvb‡j ¶wZ mZ¨ mwVK| ej! Avwg †Zvgv‡`i Dci `v‡ivMv bwn|
†bB, †kvK-ZvcI †bB| wKš‘ kw³ cÖ‡qvM ev AvµgY Pzovš— 8. Agv Avjv-- qvËvKzb| [6:AvbAvg 69] A_©: Dnv‡`i
nvivg; Avµvš— n‡j ïaygvÎ AvZ¥ i¶vB nvjvj ev Pzovš— K‡g©i `vwqZ¡ Zv‡`i b‡n, hviv mveavbZv Aej¤^b
AwaKvi| K‡i; Z‡e Dc‡`k †`Iqv Zv‡`i KZ©e¨ hv‡Z DnvivI
ag© wbi‡c¶Zv aviY Kivi Rb¨ gnvbexi cÖwZ Avj−vni mveavb n‡Z cv‡i|
wb‡`©k: 9. D`D Bjv-- wej gynZvw`b| [16:bvnj-125] A_©:
1. Bbœv - AvbRvjbv-- e AwKj| [39:hygvi-41] A_©: hyw³c~Y© Dc‡`k I Kjv †KŠk‡ji gva¨‡g Zzwg Zv‡`i
gvby‡li Rb¨ Avwg †Zvgvi wbKU mZ¨ mbvZb evYx `vb Avj−vni c‡_ AvnŸvb Ki; Zv‡`i m‡½ f`ª, bgª I
K‡iwQ; AZtci hw` †m mrc_ aviY K‡i, †m Zv AgvwqK e¨envi Ki| †K c‡_ Av‡m Avi †K
wb‡Ri Rb¨B Ki‡e; Avi hw` Amr c_ aviY wec_Mvgx nq †m m¤^‡Ü †Zvgvi cÖwZcvjK AeMZ
K‡i,Z‡e ZvI †m wb‡Ri Rb¨B Ki‡e| wKš‘ Zzwg Av‡Qb|
[†gvnv¤§`] Zv‡`i Dci Lei`vix Kivi [†Rvi- Ab¨ a‡g©i cÖwZ m¤§vb I mshZ _vKvi wb‡`©k AbymiYxq:
Rei`w¯—] †KD bI| 10. Ajv ZvQyeŸyj−vRxbv-- qvjvgyb| [6:AvbAvg-108]
2. bvn&by-- gvBqvLv-dz AÕC`| [50:K¡vd-45] A_©: Iiv A_©: hviv Avj−vn Qvov Ab¨ wKQy‡Z wek¦vm K‡i Zv‡`i
hv e‡j Zv Avwg Rvwb; wKš‘ I‡`i Dci †Rvi- N„Yv KwiI bv, KviY ZvivI Abyiƒc Kivi AwaKvi
hei`w¯—i Rb¨ †Zvgv‡K wbhy³ Kwiwb; ZvB †h Avgvi cv‡e| hvi hvi ag©-Kg© wek¦vm Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q
kvw¯—‡K fq K‡i, Zv‡KB ïay †Kviv‡bi gva¨‡gB AvKl©Yxq K‡iwQ; hLb Avj−vni `iev‡i nvwRi n‡e
Dc‡`k w`‡Z cvi| ZLb Avj−vnB Zvi gxgvsmv Ki‡eb|
3. jv-BKiv-nv wdØxb-- gbvj M¦vBwq¨| [2:evKviv- kvwš— [Bmjvg] Z_v ag© cÖwZôvi bv‡g GKgvÎ ¶gZv `L‡ji
256] A_©: ag©v-a‡g©© †Kvb cÖKvi hyjyg Rei`w¯— †bB; j‡¶¨ mgv‡R Akvwš— [Mvqwij Bmjvg] m„wó LybvLybxi
†h‡nZz mZ¨ AmZ¨ `yÕ†UvB my¯úó| †P‡qI Mwn©Z KvR e‡j †Kviv‡b †NvlYv K‡i| †`Lyb:
4. jvBQv AvjvBKv-- gvCqvmvD| [2:evKviv-272] A_©: 11. Aj wdZ&bvZz AvkvØy wgbvj KvZ&‡j| [2:evKviv-
Zv‡`i mr c‡_ Avbvi `vq-`vwqZ¡ Avcbvi bq; 191,217; 4:wbQv-171] A_©: mgv‡R †Mvj‡hvM,
Avj−vn hv‡K B”Qv mr c‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡ib| Akvwš— m„wó Kiv LybvLybxi †P‡qI RNb¨ Aciva|
5. Bbœv AvjvBbv-- jvj û`v| [92:jvqj-12] A_©: gnvbex †hLv‡bB ag© cÖPv‡i †h‡Zb, †mLv‡b Akvwš— ev
Avgvi KvR ïay Dc‡`k †`qv gvÎ| †Mvj‡hv‡Mi AvksKv †`L‡jB †Kviv‡bi evYx †NvlYv K‡i
6. Ajv ZvZiƒw`j−vRxbv-- wgbv¾‡jgxb| [6:AvbAvg- H
185

†Mvj‡hvM Gwo‡q †h‡Zb: Ô¶gZvÕ wb‡RB Zuvi cv‡qi Z‡j AvZ¥ûwZ w`‡q‡Q| c¶vš—
12. jvKzg ØxbyKzg AwjBqvØxb| [109:Kv‡diƒb-6] A_©: ‡i, GKw`‡K kwiqZ ¶gZvi †jv‡f ag©‡K Anin c`vbZ
hvi hvi ag©-Kg© Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q| Ki‡Q; Ab¨w`‡K ayi›`i, ivRbxwZwe`MY (mK‡j bq)
AvR‡Ki kwiqZ Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji GB diR QybœZ¸wj ag©‡K Avjv`v K‡i gmwR`-gw›`‡i e›`x Ki‡Z Pv‡”Q|
(cvjbxq weavb) AbymiY Ki‡j wc¯—j, †Mvjv-evi“`, 1. Agv-RvÕAvjv-- ymwjgxbv [22:nv¾-78] A_©: wZwb
iMKvUv Z_v gmwR‡`i g‡a¨B Lyb-RLgmn mgvR I RvwZi Øx‡bi e¨vcv‡i †Zvgv‡`i Dci †Kvb K‡VviZv Av‡ivc
hveZxq Dk„sLj wek„sL¨j gyû‡Z©i g‡a¨B eÜ nIqv †gv‡UB K‡ib wb| †Zvgv‡`i ag© wcZv Beªvnx‡gi [mv:] ag©v`k©|
wewPÎ bq, wewPÎ bq me©MÖvmx mv¤cÖ`vwqK `v½vi Aemvb| wZwb c~‡e©B †Zvgv‡`i bvg †i‡L‡Qb ÔgymwjgÕ Ges GB
ag©-Z_v Bmjv‡gi †h †hfv‡eB Zdwmi e¨vL¨v Ki“b bv †KZv‡eI|
†Kb, Zvi g~j welq e¯‘ Ôkvwš—Õ| GB kvwš— kw³ hvi g‡a¨ 2. Qy¤§v AvDnvBbv-- yk‡iKxb| [16:bvnj-123] A_©:
fi K‡i †mB-B kvš—, axi, w¯’i; Gi bvgB Ô†gvQ‡jgÕ| Avwg Avcbv‡K Awn †hv‡M wb‡`©k w`jvg †hb, Avcwb
Ggb †jvK Øviv gvbyl Lyb †Zv bqB eis Ab¨vqfv‡e Rxe Beªvnx‡gi [mv] ag©v`k© AbymiY Ki“b! hv ¯^Zš¿,
nZ¨vI Kíbv Kiv hvq bv| Ggb †jvK Øviv mgv‡R †Kvb wbi‡c¶ I kvwš—ev`x; mnR, mij I cÖvÄj|
wKQyiB ARynv‡Z Akvwš—, †Mvj‡hvM m„wó AKíbxq| KviY c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, Aeªg, eª¤§v ev BeªvnxgB [mv]
Zvi wfZi-evwni GKgvÎ kvwš—B kvwš—; Akvwš— †ei n‡e ÔBmjvgÕ A_©vr Ôkvwš—ev‡`i cÖeZ©K; †gvm‡jg ev ÔAv`k©Õ
†Kv‡Ì‡K! AZGe, hv‡`i g‡a¨ kvwš— [Bmjvg] fi K‡i wb, bvgI Zvi ‡`qv Ges mKj bexMY H GKB a‡g©i ms¯‹viK
ZvivB cv‡i Lyb-Lvivwe Z_v hveZxq Akvwš— [Ab-Bmjvg] gvÎ|
D`MxiY K‡i mgvR Z_v Rb-Rxeb‡K `~we©mn K‡i Ôag© wbi‡c¶ZvÕ ag©v-a‡g©i g~j, †gŠwjK I cÖavb ¯—¤¢|
Zzj‡Z| wKš‘
Avj−vn Qvov †Kvb e¨w³ ev `j ag©v-a‡g©i Iqvwik bq| mKj †KZvwe‡`i g‡a¨B `j-Dc`j, `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZ;
AZGe †e-Iqvwiwk gb-gM‡Ri ¯^‡Ë¡i Dci wbt¯^v_© I wg_¨v, Ab¨vq, AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi; Lyb-Lvivwe, Pzwi-
wbtkZ© Ges mshZfv‡e n¯—‡¶c Ki‡j cÖwZwµqvi fq WvKvwZ, wnsmv-‡Øl, Nyl, †Rbv, wbh©vZb, ag© e¨emv,
_v‡K bv; Akvwš—iI AvksKv _v‡K bv| Avcb Avcb e¨w³Z¡ we`¨gvb| we‡kl K‡i gymjgvb RvwZi g‡a¨B we‡klfv‡e
kvwš— myavq [Bmjv‡g] ficyi ivL‡j gvbe ev mgvR Kj¨vY weØgvb| AZGe Zv‡`i Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨Uv †Kv_vq !
Ávb-¸Y ¯^fveZtB cÖKvk cv‡e Ges gvbyl Avcb ¯^v‡_©B c¶vš—‡i, Avevi cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi g‡a¨B wKQy msL¨K
Zv MÖnY Ki‡e| †jvK Av‡Qb, hviv Dwj−wLZ mKj †`vl-ΓwU †_‡K gy³|
m~‡h©i Av‡jvi †`vl-¸Y eY©bv Kiv, eywS‡q †`qv Giv bgª, f`ª, Av`k©| Zv‡`i Øviv e¨w³ ev mgv‡Ri Kj¨vY
Ávbx‡`i KvR e‡U; wKš‘ Rei`w¯— K‡i nvZ-cv †e‡a Qvov Pzj cwigvYI AKj¨vY mvwaZ nq bv| †Kviv‡bi
†iŠ‡`ª †d‡j ivLv wbey©w×Zvi cwiPq e‡U! ZvQvov wn‡Z Av‡jv‡K RvwZ-ag©‡f‡` GivB Avj−vni cQ›`bxq;
wecixZ wµqv cÖwZwµqvi m¤¢vebv _v‡K cÖPzi| G‡`i‡KB †Kviv‡b Aviex‡Z Ô†gvm‡jgÕ AvL¨vwqZ
ag© wek¦vm fi K‡i Áv‡bi Dci| G Ávb Kv‡iv Dc‡i K‡i‡Q|
Pvwc‡q †`qv hvq bv| hyw³m½Z, AvKl©Yxq K_v-evZ©v I K. ÔBmjvgB Avj−vni GKgvÎ g‡bvbxZ Øxb|Õ [3:Bgivb-
Av`k©, f‡`ªvwPZ Avjvc e¨envi Ges wbt¯^v_© †mevq AvMÖn 19] A_©vr Ôkvwš—ev`ÕB ev ÔJugÕB Dcv‡m¨i GKgvÎ
I AvKl©Y m„wó Ki‡Z nq| ag©vbykxjY ev cÖPv‡i ¶gZv g‡bvbxZ ag©| GKZ¡ev` gv‡bB kvwš—ev`; KviY †Kn
`L‡ji cÖkœ G‡Kev‡iB Aevš—i| gnvbex ag©-Kg© K‡i K‡i Kv‡iv Dci `v‡ivMv wMwi Kivi my‡hvM ev AwaKvi
186

†bB| P‚ovš— kvwš— [Bmjvg] eRvq †i‡L Avg„Zz¨ mnAe¯’v‡bi


L. Ô- Ges Bmjvg‡K †Zvgv‡`i `xb wnmv‡e g‡bvbxZ D`vniY AvRI m„wó nqwb| myZivs †cŠËwjKMY evavi
Kijvg-| [5: gv‡q`v-3] A_©vr: Ôkvwš—ev`ÕB Pzovš— ag© m„wó ev AvµgY bv Ki‡j GK‡dvUv i³I Si‡Zv bv eis
wnmv‡e M„nxZ| ZvivI ivQyj Ges Zvui Abymvix‡`i †mev hZœ †h †c‡Zv
M. Ò†Kn Bmjvg e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kvb Øxb MÖnY Ki‡Z PvB‡j Avey ZvwjeB Zvi gvBjdjK| GB wek¦Rbxb ev¯—e `„óvš—
Zv Keyj Kiv n‡e bv|Ó[3:Bgivb-85] A_©vr †Kn kvwš— ¯^-Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq gvÎ wnsmvi ekewZ© n‡q mivmwi
ev` ÔJugÕ [kvwš—] Qvov †h ‡Kvb wKQyi ARynv‡Z Akvwš— D‡c¶v K‡i Bû`x wLª÷vb‡`i AweKj AbyKi‡YB kwiqZ
ev` aviY Ki‡j Zv KLbI ¯^xK…wZ jvf Ki‡e bv| `vwe Ki‡Q †h, Ô†gvmjgvb Qvov Ab¨ †Kvb RvwZi †e‡n‡¯—
N. Ò†n wek¦vmxMY! †Zvgiv cwic~Y©fv‡e Bmjv‡g `vwLj AwaKvi †bB|Õ c¶vš—‡i †Kvivb ب_©nxY fvlvq †NvlYv
nI|Ó A_©vr †n f³MY! wek¦¯’MY! †Zvgiv wfZi- K‡i:
evwn‡i cwic~Y©fv‡e kvwš—ev‡`i Dci kvš—, axi, ¯’xi I 1. A Kvjy-- Qv‡`K¡xb| [2:evKviv-111] A_©: Ges Zviv
AUj _vK| e‡j,ÔBû`x ev wLª÷vb Qvov Ab¨ †Kn KLbB †e‡n‡¯—
Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi evYx¸wj mZ¨ my›`ig| wKš‘ Zv‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|Õ Bnv Zv‡`i wg_¨v Avkv| ej!
`jv`wj, LybvLybx, †Mvj‡hvM Z_v mv¤cÖvwqKZvi †Kvb Ôhw` †Zvgiv mZ¨ev`x nI, Z‡e cÖgvY †ck Ki|Õ
Avfvm ev D¯‹vwbg~jK wKQy Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| A_P 2. A KvjvwZj Bqvû`y-- qvLZv‡jdzb| [2:evKviv-113]
GwR` esk Ô†Rnv`Õ k‡ãi Ace¨vL¨v I ÔBmjvgÕ k‡ãi A_©: Bû`xMY e‡j, wLª÷vb‡`i †Kvb wfwË †bB;
Abyev` bv K‡i †gvm‡jg RvwZ‡K GKwU Lybx, mš¿vwm I wLª÷vbMY e‡j, ÔBû`x‡`i †Kvb wfwË †bBÕ| A_P
mv¤cÖ`vwqK RvwZ wnmv‡e cÖwZwôZ K‡i‡Q| Zviv mK‡jB Avj−vni wKZve cvV K‡i| Gfv‡e hviv
ZrKvjxb †cŠËwjKMY †gvm‡jg‡`i Dci AvµgY, wKQyB Rv‡b bv ZvivI Abyiƒc K_v e‡j| myZivs †h
wbh©vZb bv Ki‡j GKwU hy×I n‡Zv bv, GK‡dvUv i³I wel‡q Zv‡`i gZ‡f` Av‡Q cybi“Ìv‡bi w`b Avj−vn
Si‡Zv bv| Avj−vni ivQyj wb‡RB †NvlYv †`b †h, Ôhvi hvi Dnvi gxgvsmv Ki‡eb|
ag© Zvi Zvi Kv‡Q, a‡g© †Kvb cÖKvi Rei`w¯— †bB|Õ Dwj−wLZ mKj RvwZi kwiqZx Ges mv¤cÖ`vwqK wek¦vm I
Ab¨vq‡K mg ev Z‡ZvwaK Ab¨vq Øviv cÖwZnZ Ki‡Z ci¯úi Kjn-we‡`ªv‡ni wei“‡× wb‡æ †Kviv‡bi cwi¯‹vi
PvB‡j †mLv‡b wظY Ab¨vq I cÖwZwµqv m„wó n‡q dqmvjv I e¨w³ ev `‡ji nv‡Z AvBb-wePvi Zz‡j bv
Dfqc¶B eskvbyµ‡g ¶wZMÖ¯’ n‡Z _v‡K, d‡j kvwš—ev` †bqvi Aw½Kvi:
[Bmjvg] mg_©K ØvivB kvwš—ev` c``wjZ nq Ges n‡”Q 3. evjv gvb AvQjvgv-- qvnRvbyb| [2:evKviv-112]
e‡jB †Kviv‡b ivQyj-Avj−vn e‡jb: A_©: nu¨v, †h †Kn Avj−vni wbKU m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c AvZ¥mgc©Y
ÔG`dvD †ej−vwZ-- nvwgg|Õ [41: nv wgg-mvR`v-34] K‡i Ges mrcwikªgx nq Zvi dj Zvi cÖwZcvj‡Ki
A_©: fv‡jv Ges g›` [b¨vq-Ab¨vq ] mgvb bq| ZvB Zv‡K wbKU i‡q‡Q Ges Zv‡`i †Kvb fq †bB I Zviv `ytwLZ
[Ab¨vq‡K] civwRZ Ki DrK…ó [b¨vq] Øviv; d‡j †Zvgvi n‡e bv|
mwnZ hvi kΓZv Av‡Q, †m n‡e †Zvgvi AšZi½ eÜz| 4. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- qvnRvbyb| [2:evKvivÑ 62,177,] A_©:
ag© wbi‡c¶Zvi me©‡kªô I m‡e©vrK…ó HwZnvwmK f³MY [†gvm‡jgMY], Bûw`, wLª÷vb I Qv‡eCbMY Ges
AKvU¨ cÖgvY I mybœZ [weavb] gnvbex I Zvi PvPv Avey hvivB Avj−vn I fwel¨‡Z [ciKvj] wek¦vmx Ges
Zvwje| †Nvi †gŠjev`x †cŠËwjK Avi ‡Nvi G‡Kk¦iev`xi mrcwikªgx, Zv‡`i Rb¨ cyi¯‹vi i‡q‡Q Zv‡`i
GKB mgv‡R, GKB N‡i,GKB i‡³ ¯^-¯^ wek¦vm i¶v K‡i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU| Zv‡`i †Kvb fq †bB Ges Zviv
187

AvRvecÖvß n‡e bv| wegy³ e¨w³MYB mgv‡R f`ª ev Av`k©evb e¨w³ wnmv‡e
5. Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby-- qvnRvbyb| [5:gv‡q`v-69] A_©: we‡ewPZ nq| G‡`i‡KB †Kviv‡b ÔgymwjgÕ ev ÔAvh©Õ e‡j
gymjgvbMY [gywgbMY], Bû`xMY, Qv‡eCbMY, hvivB AvL¨vwqZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Giv Avj−vni wba©vwiZ msweav‡bi
Avj−vn I fwel¨‡Z (ciKv‡j) Cgvb Av‡b Ges Kv‡Q wPi AvÍmgwc©Z, wPi wb‡ew`Z, wek¦¯’ Ges RvMÖZ I
mrcwikªgx nq Z‡e Zv‡`i †KvbB fq †bB Ges Zviv †PZbvcÖvß| Giv KLbI Ges †Kvb Ae¯’vq AvµgY ev
†kvKvZ© n‡e bv| cÖwZ‡kva civqY bq; wKš‘ AvÍwek¦vm, bxwZ‡eva I
6. Bbœvj−vRxbv Avgvby-- kvwn`yb| [22; nv¾-17] AvÍi¶vq Giv AUj AwePj| †Kvb wKQyi ARynv‡Z
A_©:hviv Cgvb G‡b‡Q (gywgb/†gvmjgvb) Ges hviv Avj−vni wba©vwiZ msweavb j•Nb K‡i bv| G‡`i‡KB
Bû`x, mv‡eCb, L„óvb I AwMœcyRK Ges hviv gykwiK Avj−vn m„wói †kªô †LZv‡e f‚wlZ K‡i‡Qb| cÖPwjZ I
Ae¯’vq Av‡Q, cybi“Ìv‡bi mgq Avj−vn Zv‡`i wePvi cÖwZwôZ e¨w³MZ, Rb¥MZ I RvwZMZ wn›`y, gymwjg,
gxgvsmv Ki‡eb| Avj−vn mg¯— wKQyi mg¨K mvw¶| †eŠ×, wLª÷vb, Bûw`‡`i Øviv †Kvb e¨w³ ev mgvR †Kvb
w`K †_‡KB wbivc` bq|
* Kw_Z †gvoj gvZzeŸi I Rb‡bZvMY Rb‡mevi bv‡g
†`k I `‡ki ¯’vei-A¯’vei cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ mnvq-m¤ú`
62 †gvm‡jg `L‡ji ci `Lj K‡i Pj‡Qb| Zviv Lyb Ki‡Z ivwR, Lyb
n‡Z ivwR, †Rjevm Ki‡Z ivwR; AwawKš‘
Q‡j−, Qj−v, Qvjvg, QvjvZ, AvQjvg, Bmjvg, †gv‡gb, cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³, A‰ea [nvivg] ab-m¤ú` Z¨vM Ki‡Z
†gvËvwKb, †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` kã¸wj A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ| wKQy‡ZB ivwR bb| Av‡jg-cxiMY GK‡PwUqv ag© e¨emvq
hvi g~j A_©: kvwš—, kvš—, kvwš—ev`, cÖkvš—, cÖwjß, wfi“, `vjvb-†KvVv, †mvbv-Mqbv BZ¨vw` ab-m¤ú‡`i cvnvo
axi, w¯’i, myVvg, APj, AUj, wek¦¯’, f³, mgwc©Z,bgª, M‡o Zzj‡Qb| gv-evev †PŠÏ cyi“l †e‡n‡¯— wb‡Z ivwR,
wb‡ew`Z, wewµZ BZ¨vw`| GKK I mnR-mij K_vq †e‡n‡¯—i `Lj Qvo‡Z ivwR, Av¸b †L‡Z ivwR [`ª:
f`ª‡jvK ev Av`k©evb cyi“l ejv †h‡Z cv‡i A_ev avwg©KI evKviv-174] wKš‘ `yÕw`‡bi Z‡i webv cqmvq BgvgwZ,
ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| cyRv-gš¿ cvV, IqvR-bwQnZ ev wkl¨ Ki‡Z ivwR bb|
¸i“i Pig eva¨ I wek¦¯’ZvB Av`k©evb f‡³i A_©vr ivRbxwZi bv‡g, a‡g©i bv‡g, †mevi bv‡g, e¨w³ I
[wek¦vmx‡`i] Ab¨Zg cÖavb ˆewkó¨| mr, my›`ig, cwikªgx, `‡ji bv‡g hveZxq ag©-K‡g©i bv‡g Pj‡Q A_©, kw³ I
b¨vqev`x, mvg¨ev`x, gvbeZvev`x, c‡ivcKvix; D`vi, m¤ú‡`i Zxeª cÖwZ‡hvwMZv| ivRbxwZ I ag©bxwZ ci¯úi
gnvb, Z¨vMx, bxwZevb, ¶gvkxj, `qvkxj, ˆah¨©kxj, A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ Ges Zv Ávb I mgvR Dbœq‡bi †kªôZg
exh©¨kxj I cÖMwZkxj BZ¨vw` hveZxq ¸Y m¤úbœ e¨w³B f`ª ¸i“Z¡c~Y© I cweÎZg Aa¨vq| c¶vš—‡i Dfq`jB GB cweÎ
ev Av`k©evb e‡j mgv‡R ¯^xK…Z nq| KZ©e¨ I `vwqZ¡‡K †ckv wnmv‡e MÖnY K‡i mgvR I RvwZi
Giv wg_¨v, Ab¨vq, AZ¨vPvi, AwePvi; Pzwi, WvKvwZ, Pig Ae¶q †W‡K G‡b‡Q| AvR‡Ki ag© I avwg©K Avi
Nyl, evUcvix; wnsmv, we‡Øl, AnsKvi, Ges Dk„sLj †bZv-i¶K gv‡bB AvKvi AvK…wZ me©¯^ †ckv`vix f¶K I
wek„sLj †_‡K m¤ú~Y© gy³; Giv AnsKvix I cÖwZ‡kva civqY cÖZviK, i³ wccvmy !
bq| Gmg¯— †jvK Øviv kΓ-wgÎ ev mgv‡Ri Kv‡iv fq, c¶vš—‡i, cÖ‡Z¨K RvwZi g‡a¨ Lye Kg msL¨K n‡jI
Ab¨vq, AcKvi ev ¶q-¶wZi AvksKv _v‡K bv| A_©vr Ggb wKQy †jvK Av‡Qb, hv‡`i †_‡K e¨w³ I mgvR m¤ú~Y©
m„ó hveZxq Ávb ¸Ym¤úbœ I m„ó hveZxq AÁvbZv I †`vl wbivc`; Avj−vni GKZ¡ev‡` mycÖwZwôZ, Zv‡`i hveZxq
188

KvR-Kg© civ‡_© wb‡ew`Z; Rxeb avi‡Y GKvš— I ZvivB mdjKvg|


cÖ‡qvRbvwZwi³ mnvq-m¤ú` Kzw¶MZ K‡i mgvR-†`‡ki 3. Aj−vRxbv Av-gvby--Lvwj`xb| [2:evKviv-82] hviv
K…wÎg Afv‡ei m„wó K‡i bv| GivB Avj−vni `iev‡i cÖK…Z wek¦¯’Zvi mwnZ mr cwikªg K‡i ZvivB RvbœvZevmx,
gymwjg (†bve&j g¨vb) Z_v f`ª, Av`k©evb ev avwg©K| Zviv †mLv‡b wPi¯’vqx n‡e|
Ôavwg©KÕ, Ôf`ªÕ, ÔAv`k©evbÕ BZ¨vw` Ges I‡`i wecixZ 4. K¡z-jy- Av-gvbœv wej−v-wn-- ywggyb| [2:evKviv-136]
kã¸wj ej‡Z †hgb cÖPwjZ ag©‡f` ev RvwZ‡f` eySvq A_©: †Zvgiv ¯^xKvi Ki! ÔAvgiv Avj−vn‡Z wek¦vm ivwL
bv, Z`ª“c `~i AZx‡Zi wbw`©ó †KvbKv‡j wn›`y, [Avh¨© ev Ges hv Avgv‡`i cÖwZ Ges Beªvnxg, BmgvÕCj,
mbvZb ag©x] gymwjg, †eŠ×, wLª÷vb ev Bûw` ej‡ZI BmnvK, BqvÕK‚e I Zvi eskaiM‡Yi cÖwZ AeZxY©
nv‡ji ag©‡f` ev RvwZ‡f` eySv‡Zv bv| †f` wQj: avwg©K- n‡q‡Q Ges hv Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wbKU †_‡K gymv,
Aavwg©K, Ávbx-AÁvbx, f`ª-Af`ª, †eva-wb‡e©va, k„sLj- Cmv I Ab¨vb¨ bexMY‡K †`qv n‡q‡Q| Avgiv Z‡`i
D”Q„sLj, Avh©-Abvh©, myi-Amyi, Zvj-†eZvj, Kj¨vY- g‡a¨ †KvbiKg cv_©K¨ Kwi bv Ges Avgiv Zvi wbKU
AKj¨vYKvgx `‡ji| wKš‘ Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b H mg¯— my›`iZg AvZ¥mgc©YKvix [†gvm‡jg]|
I ¸YMZ bvg¸wj mKj RvwZi †gŠjevw`MY e¨w³ I `‡ji 5. jvBQvj weiiv-- gyËvK¡z-b| [2:evKviv-177] A_©:
mv¤cÖ`vwqK Ges Rb¥MZ bv‡g cwiYZ K‡i‡Qb: hv‡Z c~e© Ges cwðg w`‡K †Zvgv‡`i gyL wdiv‡bv‡Z †Kvb
†`vl-¸Y, b¨vq-Ab¨vq, mZ¨-wg_¨v, avwg©K-Aavwg©K cyY¨ †bB; wKš‘ cyY¨ Av‡Q †Kn Avj−vn&, fwel¨rKvj,
BZ¨vw` cv_©K¨ K‡i bv e‡jB Avj−vni `iev‡i Iiv wdwi¯—vMY, mg¯— wKZve Ges mg¯— bexM‡Yi Dci
mK‡jB mgvb| Cgvb Avb‡j Ges Avj−vn& †cÖ‡g AvÍxq-¯^Rb,
avwg©K‡`i ¸Yv¸Y, PwiÎ I ˆewkó¨ †Kvivbmn mKj wcZ…nxb, AfveMÖ¯’, ch©UK, mvnvh¨ cÖv_©xMY‡K Ges
RvwZi g~j Hkx MÖ‡š’i cvZvq cvZvq wek`fv‡e ewY©Z `vm gyw³i Rb¨ A_© `vb Ki‡j, cÖv_©bv cÖwZwôZ †i‡L
Av‡Q| †m¸wj Avcb Avcb fvlvq c‡o, †R‡b, ey‡S cweÎ n‡j Ges cÖwZkÖ“wZ w`‡q Zv i¶v Ki‡j; Afve,
¯^Zš¿fv‡e Rxe‡bi ci‡Z ci‡Z cÖwZdwjZ K‡i mvgwMÖK `ytL, Kó †K¬‡k I msMÖvg msK‡U ˆah¨© aviY Ki‡j|
kvwš—ev` cÖK…wZMZfv‡eB ev¯—evqY nq; GRb¨ `jv`wj GivB Zviv, hviv mZ¨civqY Ges avwg©K|
cÖPvi, cÖwZôv wb®cÖ‡qvRb| 6. Ajv- ZvweQyj nvK¡v-- BqvÕjvgyb| [2:evKviv-42]
wbæ ewY©Z aviv¸wj Av`k©evb ev †gvm‡jg nIqvi A_©: †Zvgiv mZ¨‡K wg_¨vi mwnZ wgwkªZ KwiI bv
D‡j−L‡hvM¨ c~e©kZ©, hv c~‡e©I Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q: Ges †R‡b-ï‡b mZ¨ †Mvcb KwiI bv|
1. Avj−vRxbv BDÕwgbybv wejM¦vBwe-- DbwdK¡zb| 7. A AvK¡xgy”PvjvZv--ÕAviiv-wK¡-Cb| [2:evKviv-43]
[2:evKviv-3] A_©: hviv A`„‡k¨ [fwel¨‡Z] wek¦vm A_©: cÖv_©bv †gvZv‡eK Kg© m¤úv`b K‡i cweÎ nI
K‡i, cÖv_©bv Abyhvqx KvR K‡i, Ges Zviv †h mnvq [Afvenxb] Ges Av`k© f³‡`i m‡½ GKZve× n‡q
m¤ú` cÖvß n‡q‡Q Zv †_‡K Afvex‡`i Afve cyiY _vK|
K‡i| 8. ABR AvLvRbv--g~wi`yb| [ 2:evKviv-83] A_©: ¯§iY
2. Aj−vRxbv--gydjxûb| [2:evKviv-4, 5] A_©: Ges Ki! hLb ewb BmªvBj‡`i A½wKvi wb‡qwQjvg †h,
†Zvgvi cÖwZ hv AeZxY© n‡q‡Q I †Zvgvi c~‡e© hv †Zvgiv Avj−vn e¨ZxZ Kv‡iv Bev`Z Ki‡e bv| gvZv-
AeZxY© n‡qwQj Zv‡Z hviv wek¦vm K‡i Ges fwel¨‡Z wcZv AvwZ¥q-¯^Rb, wcZ…nxb I `wi`ª‡`i cÖwZ m`q
hv Avm‡e [ciKv‡j] Zv‡Z hviv wek¦vm Ki‡e; ZvivB e¨envi Ki‡e Ges gvby‡li m‡½ f`ª e¨envi Ki‡e,
Zv‡`i cÖwZcvj‡Ki wb‡`©wkZ c‡_ ejer i‡q‡Q Ges mvjvZ Kv‡qg Ki‡e I hvKvi w`‡e, wKš‘ ¯^í msL¨K
189

e¨ZxZ †Zvgiv wei“×fvevcbœ n‡q †M‡j| Rb¥: bvQv, c~e© Bivb; GgbwK m`¨ evnvBi Rb¥I Biv‡b|
9. RwjKv-- evC`| [2:evKviv-176] A_©: Bnv GB †nZz AviI cÖKvk †h, Bgvg Avey nvwbdvmn 4 Bgvg Ges
†h, Avj−vn mbvZb †KZve AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb Ges hviv †Qnv‡QËvi 6 BgvgMY mK‡jB wkqv m¤cÖ`vqfy³ wQ‡jb]
†KZve m¤^‡Ü gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i‡Q, wbðqB Zviv `y¯— gnvbexi AvMgb c~e© Avief‚wg c„w_exi †kªôZg
i gZ‡f‡` i‡q‡Q| †cŠËwjK †`k wQj| ïay Zvi AvMg‡bi c~‡e©B bq, b~n I
10. Aj wdZbvZz-- KvZ‡j| [2:evKviv-191,217] A_©: ag© wcZv Beªvnx‡gi (mv) AvgjI ga¨ cÖvP¨ Avief‚wg
mgv‡R †Mvj‡hvM I Akvwš— m„wó Kiv nZ¨v A‡c¶vI †cŠËwjKZvev` KwVbfv‡eB cÖwZwôZ wQj; †KvivbB Zvi
¸i“Zi Ab¨vq| cÖK…ó cÖgvY [`ª: 6:AvbAvg-75,76; 21:Avw¤^qv- 57,
11. Agvj−vg BqvnKzg-- Kv‡dixb, dv‡QK¡xb, Rv‡jgxb| 60]| GgbwK gyQvi (mv) Avg‡jI GB †cŠËwjKZvev‡`i
[5:gv‡q`v-44-49] A_©: Avj−vn hv AeZxY© K‡i‡Qb cÖgvY cvIqv hvq Qyiv evKvivi 92 I 93 Avqv‡Z| AZGe
†m Avbyhvqx hviv wePvi gxgvsmv K‡i bv ZvivB fviZe‡l© †cŠËwjK‡`i AvMgb cÖavbZt †h Avie †_‡KB
Kv‡di, dv‡QK I Rv‡jg| Zv A‡bKUvB wbwðZ e‡U| g~jZt gnv‡`e, gybx, K…ò, kxe
12. AvivBZvj−vRx-- gv-Db| [107:gvDb: 1-7] A_©: [mv] bexMY †cŠËwjKev‡`i cÖwZôvZv †h bb ZvI wbwðZ|
Zzwg wK †`‡LQ, †h ag©‡K A¯^xKvi K‡i? †m H e¨w³ eis g~wZ© cyRvi wei“‡×B †h Zv‡`i AvMgb n‡qwQj Zv
†h Amnvq‡K iƒp fv‡e Zvwo‡q †`q Ges Afvwe‡`i Zv‡`i 4 Lvwb g~j MÖ‡š’B mv¶¨ enb K‡i, Avi
Lv`¨ `vb K‡i bv| myZivs `y‡f©vM †mB mKj me©Rbwew`Z kxe/K…‡òi (mv) GKwU evYxB cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨
cÖv_©bvKvix‡`i [bvgvRx‡`i]; hviv Zv‡`i bvgvR h‡_ó: ÔGK‡gev wØZxqgÕ, ÔGK eªþv wØZxq bvw¯—Õ A_©:
m¤^‡Ü D`vmxb I †e-†Lqvj| Giv †jvK †`Lv‡bv jv-Bjvnv Bj−vj−vn:Avj−vn e¨ZxZ Ab¨ †Kvb Dcvm¨ †bB|
bvgvR K‡i| GivB cvov-cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i mvnvh¨ Avie †gvm‡jgMY ag©xq Abyôvbvw`‡Z c~e© cyi“l‡`i DjyaŸbx
mn‡qvwMZv †_‡K weiZ _v‡K| AvRI Zv‡`i K‡Ú aŸwbZ nq| AZGe Avie‡`k †_‡KB †h
13. Bbœvû gvBqykwiK-- wgb AvÄvi| [5:gv‡q`v-72] A_©: fviZe‡l© †cŠËwjK‡`i AvMgb Zv HwZnvwmKMY wbwðZ|
-‡h †Kn Avj−vni kwiK Ki‡j Avj−vn Zvi Rb¨ GUv byZb †Kvb aviYv ev Avwe®‹viI bq|
RvbœvZ wbwl× K‡ib I Zvi Ae¯’vb Rvnvbœvg| ivQyj c~e© Aviexq †cŠËwjKMY kZ kZ †MvÎ, `j,
AZ¨vPvix‡`i Rb¨ †Kvb mvnvh¨Kvix †bB| Dc-`‡j wef³ wQj Ges Dcvmbvi Rb¨ cÖ‡Z¨K `‡jiB
* ¯^Zš¿ g~wZ© wQj| g°vi Kvev N‡i 360 wU g~wZ© cÖ‡Z¨KwU `j
Dc`‡ji cÖZxK I cwiPq enb Ki‡Zv| Giv AvR‡Ki gZ
63 †gvm‡jg mv¤cÖ`vwqKZv A_© m¤ú‡`i †P‡qI `jxq †gŠjev`x ag© wek¦v‡mi
cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq Ges Zv‡K †K›`ª K‡iB Anin hy× weMÖn,
[c~‡e©B e‡j ivLv fv‡jv †h, gymwjg we‡k¦i †dZbv- gvivgvwi, KvUvKvwU I `jv`wj K‡i Rxeb KvUv‡Zv|
dvQv` I `j, Dc-`j¸wji AwaKvskB Rb¥ n‡q‡Q HwZnvwmK‡`i AwfgZ: Ávb ev ¸Y bq, GKgvÎ `uvwoB wQj
cÖavbZt Biv‡b, AZtci Biv‡K| Qybœx‡`i 6wU nvw`‡mi †bZ…‡Z¡i cÖavb gvcKvwV; hvi `vwo hZ eo †m ZZ eo
Rb¥ `vZv‡`i mK‡jiB Rb¥ Biv‡b, †hgb: Bgvg †evLvixi †bZv n‡Zv| Gmg¯— BwZnvm ¯^vaxbZvc~e© ¯‹z‡ji cvV¨ cy¯—
Rb¥: †evLviv, Bivb; †gvm‡j‡gi Rb¥: wbkvcyi, Bivb; ‡K †jLv _vK‡Zv|
Avey `vD‡`i Rb¥: wm¯—vb, Bivb; wZiwgRxi Rb¥: Zviwg›`, G‡nb Zgmv”Qbœ AÜKvi hy‡M gyn¤§‡`i [mv] Avwef©ve
Bivb; Be‡b gvRvi Rb¥: wKRDBb, DËi Bivb; bvQvCi nq; GKK Avj−vni Dcvmbvi g‡š¿ `jxq g~wZ© I gš¿ cweÎ
190

Kvev Ni †_‡K weZvwoZ K‡i GKZ¡ev‡`i a¨vb aviYv, mgv‡R †Mvj‡hvM I Akvwš— m„wó Ki‡e bv| ˆah©kxj,
wek¦vm, ag©-K‡g©i wbix‡L GKwU RvwZi †MvovcËb K‡ib; exh©kxj, Z¨vMx, †mevev`x, D`vi I ewjô ü`‡qi AwaKvix
GKK Awfbœ MVbZš¿ †Kviv‡bi Aax‡b| [mKj bexMYB n‡e, AvÍ wek¦vm I msh‡g P‚ovš— f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡e;
Abyiƒc K‡i‡Qb]| hv‡`i bvg I cwiPq nq fvlv‡f‡` AvµgY Ki‡e bv wKš‘ Avµvš— nÕ†j KwVb wngvw`ªi gZ
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g| G‡`i cÖwZ Avj−vni-ivQy‡ji eRª KwVb APj-AUj cÖwZ‡iva M‡o Zyj‡e| GKK Avj−vni Bev`Z
wb‡`©k: Ki‡e| Avj−vni †KZv‡ei Abymi‡Y wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨i
1. AÕZvwQgy-- ZvdviivK¡z [3:Bgivb-103] A_©: Ges hveZxq mgm¨vi gxgvskv Ki‡e| wKš‘ Zvi Idv‡Zi m‡½
†Zvgiv mK‡j Avj−vni i¾y [†Kvivb] gReyZfv‡e m‡½B †b‡g G‡jv Agvwbkvi cyiv‡bv †mB Kv‡jv Qvqv|
aviY K‡iv| †Zvgiv `j-Dc`‡j wef³ nBI bv| HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡Z Idv‡Zi ¶wYK c~‡e© gnvbex g‡bi
2. Bbœvj−vRxbv-- Bqvd Avjyb| [6:AvbAvg- 159] A_©: `yt‡L †¶v‡f Nwbó mvnvev‡`i Avcb K¶ †_‡K Zvwo‡q
hviv ag© m¤^‡Ü wfbœ wfbœ g‡Zi m„wó K‡i‡Q/Ki‡e I w`‡jb; Idv‡Zi ci wZb w`b ch©š— Zuvi jvk †gveviK
`j Dc`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q/ n‡e, Zv‡`i Dci Avcbvi Kei¯’ n‡qwQj bv| Gm¤^‡Ü c~‡e©I Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q,
†KvbB `vwqZ¡ _vK‡jv bv/ _vK‡e bv| Zv‡`i `vq- ms‡¶‡c cybivq †`Lyb:
`vwqZ¡ Avj−vni Dc‡iB †Q‡o w`b/w`‡eb| Avj−vn gnvgwZ `yi`k©x AveyeKi [iv] †gvm‡jg RvwZi Ljxdvi
Zv‡`i K…ZK‡g©i ˆKwdqr Zje Ki‡eb| ¸i“ `vwqZ¡ MÖnY K‡i Dc‡ivwj−wLZ wb‡`©kmn †KvivwbK
3. wgbvj−vRxbv-- dvwiûb| [30:iƒg-32] A_©: hviv a‡g© weavb mgybœZ iv‡Lb| KwVb mvg¨ev`x Igi [iv] GKB avivq
gZ‡f` m„wó K‡i‡Q/Ki‡e I `j Dc-`‡j wef³ `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Z wM‡q Avcb mš—vb‡K g„Zz¨`Û Kvh©Ki
n‡q‡Q/n‡e, Zviv wbR¯^ gZev` wb‡qB gË K‡ib; Avcb Rxeb DrmM© K‡i kvnv`r eiY K‡ib| ax‡i
i‡q‡Q/i‡e| ax‡i m`¨ cÖwZwôZ gymwjg we‡k¦ AÜKv‡ii cybt myPbv nq|
AZx‡Zi `j Dc-`‡ji ag© wef³Kvix‡`i KwVb kvw¯—i †kªô Z¨vMx D`vi ü`‡qi AwaKvix mnR-mij Imgvb [iv]
Dcgv GB †gvm‡jg RvwZi nv‡ZB bRie›`x n‡jb, AZtci
DÌvcY K‡i cwi¯‹vifv‡e fwel¨‡Zi Rb¨ ب_©nxb K‡Ú †Kvivb cov Ae¯’vq kvnv`Z eiY K‡ib m¤§vwbZ (!)
Avj−vn mvnvev, Zv‡eCb‡`i [iv] nv‡ZB| †Kvivb iwÄZ nq
ivQyj mZK© K‡v w`‡jb: Ljxdvi Rxeb †`qv i‡³| AZx‡Zi †cŠËwjK‡`i †mB
4. Ajv ZvKzby-- AvRxg| [3:Bgivb-105] A_©: †Zvgiv wefrm cyiv‡bv `jv`wj, wnsmv, cÖwZ-wnsmvi `vevbj
AZx‡Zi gZ nBI bv| hviv Zv‡`i wbKU ¯úó weavb R¡‡j D‡V| ivR¨gq ïi“ nq M„nhy×| ˆah¨©, ‰kh©¨, weh©¨kxj,
Avmvi c‡iI wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ gZ cv_©K¨ K‡i `j exi Avjx [iv] 4_© Ljxdv `vevbj wbe©vc‡Yi KwVb `vwqZ¡
Dc-`‡j wef³ n‡q‡Q; Zv‡`i Rb¨ KwVb kvw¯— MÖnY K‡ib| eva mv‡a Nwbô mvnvev gyqvexqv-GwR` [iv]
i‡q‡Q| Avi Avgi Gebyj Avm [iv]| ïi“ nq cybt i³¶qx giY hy×|
gnvbexi `xN© 22/23 erm‡ii KwVb Zcm¨v, Z‡Zvwa mvnvev ebvg mvnvev, †gvm‡jg ebvg †gvm‡jg|Avjx‡K
Z¨vM wZwZ¶v I Kg© cÖ‡Póvi gva¨‡g cÖwZôv Ki‡jb [iv] †K›`ª K‡i gymwjg BwZnv‡mi me©cÖ_g `j AvÍcÖKvk
Ô†gvm‡jgÕ RvwZ| Giv gviv-gvwi, i³v-iw³, hyjyg- K‡i Lv‡iRx bvg aviY K‡i| gnvexi Avjxi [iv] kvn`v‡Zi
mš¿vmx Ki‡e bv, wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ gZ‡f`, `jv`wj Ki‡e c‡i Rb¥ nq Bmjv‡gi wØZxq `j kxqv bvg aviY K‡i|
bv, An¼vi Ki‡e bv, we‡Øl, †jvf, wnsmv, cÖwZ-wnsmv, Giv DfqB †gvm‡jg e‡U! wKš‘ Avj−vn-ivQyj cÖ`Ë GKgvÎ
AvµgY I cÖwZ‡kva civqY n‡e bv| †Kvb wKQyi ARynv‡Z Ô†gvm‡jgÕ †LZv‡e mš‘ó n‡Z cvi‡jb bv| aviY Ki‡jv
191

ÔLv‡iRx †gvm‡jgÕ, Ôkxqv †gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g| Gi wcQ‡b †h nvRvi w`bvi weZiY K‡ib| [bex esk‡K wf¶v `vb e‡U!]-
hyw³ cÖ`k©b Kiv nq Zv `‡ji ¯^v‡_©, ¶gZvi †jv‡f, fvlvi - wKš‘ Avj-gyZvIqvw°‡ji mgq nB‡Z Avevi wbh©vZb ïi“
gvic¨uvP gvÎ! †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z, wbi‡c¶ Áv‡bi nq Ges Avj-gyš—vbwmÕ†ei Avgj ch©š— envj _v‡K| Avj
Av‡jv‡Z Zv †h A‰ea Dc‡ivwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi ûwkqvwiB gyZvIqvw°j Kvievjv‡Z Avj- ûmvqb [iv] Gi Kei weaŸ¯’
Zvi cÖK…ô cÖgvY| Kwiqv †`b I Z_vq jyÚb Pvjvb-Ó [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx
wQwà‡bi hy‡×, gyqvexqvi civRq Aek¨¤¢vex †R‡b, wek¦‡Kvl 1g LÛ; c„: 81, 82]|
†Kviv‡bi ey‡K †bRv ej−g we× K‡i Avjxi [iv] m‡½ mwÜ GB ¶gZvmxb gyqvexqv-GwR‡`i [iv] Z…Zxq `‡ji †Kvb
¯’vc‡bi AvnŸv‡b Avjx [iv] m¤§Z n‡j, Zvi `‡ji †h Ask bvg ev cwiPq cvIqv hvq bv! c¶vš—‡i we‡k¦ AvRI ïay
cÖwZev` gyLi n‡q `j Z¨vM K‡i, Iiv cÖavbZt gyqvexqvi Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bvgavix GKwU `j ev gvbylI Luy‡R cvIqv hvq
[iv] †Nvi we‡ivax wQ‡jb, Avjxi [iv] cÖwZ Amš‘ó wQ‡jb, bv!
GivB Lv‡iRx| AZtci Avjxi [iv] mg_©KMY kxqv bvg AZGe, cieZ©x‡Z GivB †Kvb GK mgq Qybœx bvg aviY
aviY K‡ib| GwU HwZnvwmK mZ¨ I cÖgvwYZ| K‡i‡Q Zv‡Z m‡›`n _vKvi AeKvk †bB| AvaywbK Qybœx
wKš‘ QybœxMY KLb! Kvi †bZ…‡Z¡! †Kv_vq, wKfv‡e! †ckv`vix cwÛZMY GB Kj¼ XvKvi Rb¨ cÖPvi ïi“ K‡ib
wK‡mi hyw³‡Z wef³ n‡jv! Zvi †Kvb †gŠwLK wK †h, Ô AveyeK‡ii `jB Qybœxi `jÕ; hw`I Zv‡`i GUv hyw³ I
HwZnvwmK `wjj cÖgvY cvIqv hvq bv! A_©vr Avgv‡`i cÖgvY wenxb wbQK evjmyjf Kíbv gvÎ ! †h‡nZz Pvi
Qybœx‡`i †Kvb Rb¥ wVKvbv ev BwZnvm †bB! Z‡e wnmve LjxdvMY Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi eRª KwVb wb‡`©k Rvb‡Zb,
wbKv‡k GUvB cvIqv hvq †h, ZrKvjxb †gvm‡jg RvwZ m¤§vb Ki‡Zb Ges gvb‡Zb e‡j Avj−vn-iQyj cÖ`Ë¡
cÖavbZ 3wU `‡j wef³ nq, h_v: (1) Lv‡iRx (2) kxqv I Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡gi ïi“‡Z AwZwi³ we‡klY hy³ K‡i Avjv`v
(3) gyqvweqv-GwR‡`i [iv] ¶gZvmxb `j| †Kvb KIg ev `‡ji †MvovcËb Ki‡Z cv‡ib bv| AZGe
GB `j bex esk‡K cÖKv‡k¨ AcÖKv‡k¨ wel cÖ‡qv‡M, AveyeK‡ii [iv] bv‡g G‡nb wg_¨v‡ivc, AZtci Zv‡K
nZ¨v, Lyb, ¸g&, jyÚY, mš¿vm I wbh©vZ‡bi gva¨‡g wbwðý AvswkK ev `jxq Ljxdv cÖgv‡Yi N„Y¨ I e¨_© Ac‡Póv gvÎ|
K‡i Ggbfv‡e ¶gZv cÖwZwôZ K‡iwQ‡jb hv A`¨vewa 15 GwR`-gyqvexqvi [iv] †Mvôx hw` Qybœx bv n‡q _v‡K, Z‡e
kZ ermi hver ejer i‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`i Qybœx‡`i wjwLZ Zv‡`i cwiPq wK! hw` a‡i †bqv hvq †h, H `j GKgvÎ
evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ Ômsw¶ß Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡gB cwiwPZ wQj! Z‡e AvR †m `‡ji Aw¯—
Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ Av‡jv‡Z hv c~‡e©I wek`fv‡e ewY©Z ‡Z¡i mÜvb †Kv_vq! Avi Qybœx‡`i Drm wK! cwiPqB ev wK!
n‡q‡Q: ÒAvjx [iv] Be&b Avex ZvÕwj‡ei eskai‡`i AwaK GwR` es‡ki Aw¯—Z¡B ev †Kv_vq!
msL¨KB fvM¨ weow¤^Z wQ‡jb| Zuv‡`i `y:‡Li Kvwnbx‡Z Gi ci Zwor †e‡M Rb¥ nq AmsL¨ `j-Dc`‡ji
gymwjg BwZnvm cwic~Y© nBqv iwnqv‡Q--|-- Avjx [iv] †hgb: iv‡dRx, †gvZv‡Rjx, Invex, nvbvdx, kv‡dC,
es‡ki †h mKj †jvK wbh©vwZZ nBqv g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib, nv‡¤^jx, gv‡jKx, jv-gRnvex, evnvB, AvMvLvbx
gvmDw`, gyivR 7g L‡Û 404 c„ôvq Zv‡`i GKUv ZvwjKv BmgvBwjqv Ges kxqv‡`i AmsL¨ Dc-`j| Qybœx `‡ji
cvIqv hvq|---DgvBqv Z_v GwR` es‡ki †Kej 2q GmKj BgvgMY RxweZve¯’vq †KD †gvRvnv‡ei †Mvov cËb
Dgvi Be&b ÔAvew`Õj AvRxRB bex es‡ki Rb¨ we‡e‡Ki K‡ib wb| eis Zviv mK‡jB kxqv `jf‚³ wQ‡jb Ges
`skb Abyfe K‡ib| bex esk Zv‡`i b¨vh¨ AwaKvi nB‡Z AwaKvskB ¶gZvmxb `‡ji [Ljxdv‡`i] wei“‡× cÖKv‡k¨
ewÂZ nBqv‡Qb ewjqv wZwb dvwZgvi c‡¶ Avjx [iv] Gi AcÖKv‡k¨ mg_©b I msMÖvg K‡i‡Qb|
†h mKj eskai gw`bvq evm Kwi‡Zb, Zv‡`i g‡a¨ 10 GKwU ag©xq KI‡gi bvgKiY, bv‡gi cwieZ©b,
192

cwiea©‡bi AwaKvi iv‡Lb GKgvÎ bex-ivQyjMY| c¶vš— evûe‡j, †Kvb `jB wcwQ‡q wQj bv| Avn&gw`qvMY
‡i, †gvm‡jg RvwZi AmsL¨ `j-Dc`‡ji cÖe³v I we‡`‡ki my‡hvM-myweav †c‡q †h nv‡i kw³ e„w× Ki‡Q,
cÖwZôvZv e¨w³ I `jxq Dc`jxq BgvgMY! Zviv Avj−vn- Zv‡Z Avï cÖR‡b¥ 5 ev 6 [ZvewjM] †gvRvnve 6 diR
ivQyj cÖ`Ë Ô†gvm‡jgÕ KIg‡K Ggbfv‡e wef³ K‡i †NvlYv †`qvi m¤¢vebv cÖPzi| AZtci Avm‡Q 7g Dc-`j
†d‡j‡Qb †h, wb¶v` Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g GKwU gvbylI Luy‡R hviv Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji kvwš—ev`x ag©‡K mš¿vmev`x a‡g©
cvIqv hvq bv; hv cvIqv hvq ZvÕn‡jv Lv‡iRx †gvm‡jg, cwiwPZ Ki‡jv!
iv‡dRx †gvm‡jg, Qybœx nvbvdx †gvm‡jg, Qybœx nv‡¤^jx †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z Avgv‡`i `j-Dc`‡ji `vex-
†gvm‡jg Qybœx Invex †gvm‡jg, Qybœx Avng`xqv †gvm‡jg `vIqv¸wj ÔnvjvjÕ cÖgvY Kiv m¤¢e bq †R‡b, cÖ‡Z¨‡KB
BZ¨vw`| kxqv hv‡q`x †gvm‡jg, kxqv ¸jvwZ ‡gvm‡jg, ¯^-¯^ `‡ji `vexi c‡¶-wec‡¶ nvw`m iPbv K‡i‡Qb|
kxqv `yi“R wdi&Kv †gvm‡jg, kxqv BQ‡b Avkvwiqv D`vniYwU cybt cybt j¶¨Yxq:
†gvm‡jg, BZ¨vw`| Dciš‘ Dnv‡`i AmsL¨ Dc`j| Giv ivQyj e‡j‡Qb, ÒAvgvi D¤§‡Z gyn¤§` Ge‡b B`ªxQ
mK‡jB ¯^ ¯^ `j‡K mZ¨, mwVK e‡j `vex K‡i _v‡Kb Ges [kv‡dC] bv‡g GKwU †jvK Rb¥v‡e| †m Avgvi D¤§‡Zi
ci¯úi‡K Agymwjg, Kv‡di, †gviZv` e‡j d‡Zvqv †`b| c‡¶ Bewjm A‡c¶vI AwaK AwbôKvix n‡e, c¶vš—‡i
wbi‡c¶ `„wó‡Z mgyn `j-Dc`j¸wj †h †Kviv‡bi Avgvi D¤§‡Z Avi GKRb †jvK n‡eb, Zv‡K Avey nvwbdv
†gŠwjK wb‡`©k Agvb¨ K‡i mxgv j•Nb K‡i‡Qb, †KvivbB e‡j m‡¤^vab Kiv n‡e| wZwb n‡”Qb Avgvi D¤§‡Zi
Zvi Rjš— cÖgvY| cÖ`xc| [†evLvix]| nvw`mwU A‡b‡K ev¯—eZvi Zvobvq,
ivQyj wQ‡jb gvÎ Ô†gvm‡jgÕ Zuvi cÖK…Z AbymvwiMYI we‡e‡Ki `sk‡b Rvj, ‡gŠRy ev nvQvb, ˆRd [bKj, wg_¨v,
cwiwPZ n‡eb Ô†gvm‡jgÕ bv‡g| GUvB Zv‡`i GKgvÎ `yŸ©j, cyiv‡bv] nvw`m e‡j †¶Î we‡k‡l gš—e¨ K‡i _v‡Kb|
cwiPq| AZGe AwZwi³ we‡klY bvgavix †gvm‡jg‡`i hw`I we‡kl K‡i †evLvixi nvw`‡mi Dci mvavi‡Yi n¯—
Dci Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji †Kvb `vq-`vwqZ¡ †bB! A_©vr Zviv ‡¶c ev weiƒc gš—e¨ †gŠjZ‡š¿ AwaKvi †`q wb, ¯^xK…ZI
gnvbexi kvdvqvZ †_‡K wPi ewÂZ! Zv Dwj−wLZ †Kviv‡bi bq †R‡bI GB †NviZi ¯^-we‡ivax gš—e¨wU K‡i _v‡Kb|
wb‡`©k¸wj wbwðZ I m‡›`nvZxZ K‡i‡Q| myZivs GB Pvi †gvRvnve Pvi diR †NvlYvwUi wcQ‡b `j PZzô‡qi
†KvivbI Zv‡`i bq! †h‡nZz Zviv IwU A¯^xKvi K‡i `j- `yÕwU my [?] D‡Ïk¨ wbwnZ wQj; Zv n‡jv, Qybœx`j Dc`j¸wj
Dc`‡j fvM n‡q cÖKvivš—‡i Kw_Z Bgvg‡`i bex ev Dc- †hb i³cvZ bv K‡i Ges Avi KLbI byZb †Kvb `j ev
bex-ivQyj wnmv‡e c‡iv¶ ev cÖZ¨¶fv‡eB ¯^xKvi K‡i Dc-`j cÖwZôv Kivi my‡hvM bv cvq| wKš‘ †m †PóvI e¨_©
bZzb bvg aviY K‡i‡Qb| Avi ZvB e‡jB Qybœx kv‡dC, nq, 1700 wLª÷vã †_‡K Invweqv bv‡g Qybœx‡`i g¯—K
gv‡jKx †gvm‡jg BZ¨vw` bv‡g cwiwPZ n‡Z Me©‡eva wUDgvimg Avi GKwU Dc-`‡ji Rb¥ n‡q| Giv Qybœv‡Z
K‡ib| †gvnv¤§`x †gvm‡jg ev ZvejxM RvgvZvj †gvm‡jg bv‡gI
gymwjg we‡k¦i GB `j-Dc`j¸wj Avw`Kvj †_‡KB cwiwPZ| cÖavbZt Qybœx‡`i kwiq‡Zi ¯—¤¢ 5wU: K‡jgv,
cye© †cŠËwjKZvev‡`i gZB cybt Anin ¶Y I `xN©¯’vqx bvgvR, †ivRv, n¾ I RvKvZ; c¶vš—‡i Qybœx Invex‡`i
SMov-dvQv`, LybvLybx, i³¶qx msMÖvg-mš¿v‡m wjß kwiq‡Zi ¯—¤¢ 6wU: K‡jgv, bvgvR, Gjg I wRKi,
i‡q‡Qb| GB hy× Gov‡Z wM‡q 4 †gvRvnve 4 diR e‡j GKivgyj †gvm‡jgxb, wbqZ I ZejxM| Df‡qi kwiq‡Zi
¯^xK…Z nq| hw`I G‡K A‡b¨i `„wó‡Z Kg-‡ewk gZ‡f` I ¯—‡¤¢i GB m`yi cÖmvix cv_©K¨ _vKv m‡ËI DfqB Qybœx
KIgx bv‡gi cv_©K¨ i‡q‡Q| GQvov wØZxq †Kvb c_I e‡jB `vex K‡i _v‡Kb! GB Qybœx ebvg Qybœx‡`i g‡a¨ cÖvq
†Lvjv wQj bv! Zvi GKgvÎ KviY jvwV-†kvVv, `jxq †`o kZ ermi hver i³cvZ Z_v mv¤cÖ`vwqK hy× weMÖn
193

P‡j, eZ©gv‡b Qybœx ZejxM RvgvZ K”Qc ev kvgyK bxwZ `vwqZ¡I †bB †h, be¨ ev cyiv‡bv, ¶z`ª wKsev e„nr †Kvb `j
MÖnY Kivq hy×-weMÖn K‡g †M‡Q| cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Avn&‡j ev Dc`‡ji wek¦v‡mi Dci AbwaKvi n¯—‡¶c Kiv ev
QybœvZ Iqvj RvgvZ †gvm‡jg bv‡g Qybœx‡`i Avi GKwU Agymwjg †NvlYv Kiv| †h‡nZz ZvivI H GKB †`v‡l `~lxZ|
Dc-wUDgvi i‡q‡Q| Zv‡K Qybœx Invex‡`i wUDgviI ejv cÖK…Zc‡¶ †gvm‡jg-A‡gvm‡jg, avwg©K-Aavwg©K, f`ª-
hvq| AZtci 18 kZ‡Ki †kl w`‡K Avng`xqv bv‡g Avi Af`ª BZ¨vw` e¨w³ I `jxq `vex ev ivq cÖ`vb ee©i
GKwU Dc`j, Qybœx †LZve eR©b K‡i, wgR©v †Mvjvg Avn¤§` AZ¨vPvi gvÎ| Z‡e e¨w³ ev `j ¯^-¯^ cwiPq †c‡Z cv‡i
mv‡n‡ei †bZ…‡Z¡ AvÍcÖKvk K‡i, hviv Kvw`qvbx bv‡gI †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K| wbLyZ I wbi‡c¶ ivq w`‡Z cv‡i:
cwiwPZ| ax‡i ax‡i Zviv Agymwjg‡`i c„ó‡cvlKZvq †Kvivb, †dviKvb, wgRv‡bi cÖZ¨¶ Abymi‡Y wbi‡c¶,
Avš—R©vwZK cwiwPwZ I mg_©b jvf K‡i| wb`©jxq, wbt¯^v_© ZË¡veavqK Ávbx e¨w³ Ges GKgvÎ
ag© we‡k¦ mw¤§wjZ †gvmjgvbMY msL¨vi w`K †_‡K Ô†gvm‡jgÕ [Av`k©] Qvov hvi Ab¨ †Kvb `vex-`vIqv †bB,
m¤¢eZt Z…Zxq ¯’v‡b _vK‡jI AvÍ-Kjn, gZ‡f`, AZtci `~i`k©x me©Rb ¯^xK…Z I mgw_©Z cÖK…Z Ávbx-
LybvLybx, mš¿vm, mv¤cÖvwqKZvi msL¨vq †kªô‡Z¡i `vex iv‡L! weÁvbx| Ab¨ †Kvb `j, Dc-`j ev miKvi bq| cwi‡k‡l
G‡nb Ae¯’vq Avngw` ev kxqv, Qybœx, Invex BZ¨vw` ci¯úi mKj `j Dc-`‡ji mZK©Zvi Rb¨ Ges ms‡kva‡bi Rb¨
Kv‡di, †gviZv` d‡Zvqv w`‡jI gyjZt Giv mK‡jB GKB G m¤^‡Ü Avj−vn-ivQy‡ji Av‡iv `yÕwU wb‡`©k ewY©Z n‡jv:
Aciv‡ai Avmvgx; KviY Giv mK‡jB †Kviv‡bi †gŠwjK 1. kvivAv jvKzg-- AvjvB‡n gvBDbœxeyb| [42:ïiv-13]
wb‡`©k Agvb¨ K‡i g~j †_‡K wew”Qbœ n‡q‡Q| QybœxMYI bex A_©: wZwb †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ wewae× K‡i‡Qb †mB ag©B,
ev Dc-bexi [?] gva¨‡g ¯^-¯^ KI‡gi bvg cwieZ©b, hvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQ‡jb byn‡K-Avi Avwg Awn K‡iwQ
cwiea©b I ms‡hvRb K‡ib; hw`I welqUv Zviv †gŠwLK ev †Zvgv‡K Ges hvi wb‡`©k w`‡qwQjvg Beªvnxg gyQv I
KvMR Kj‡g ev cÖPviYvq ¯^xKvi bv Ki‡jI Kg© I `k©b Cmv‡K: GB e‡j †h, †Zvgiv ag© aviY Ki‡e Ges
Z‡_¨ Zv cÖgvwYZ Ges Zv ÔI‡cb wm‡µU|Õ KviY †Kvb bex Dnv‡Z `jv`wj I gZ‡f` m„wó Ki‡e bv|
Qvov D¤§‡Zi ev KI‡gi bvg cwieZ©b, ms‡hvRb Kivi 2. Agv- Zvdvi¦vKz-- evBbvûg| [42:ïiv-14] A_©:
AwaKvi Ab¨ Kv‡iv †bB, hv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ Dnviv †R‡b ï‡bB †KejgvÎ ci¯úi wnsmv we‡Ø‡li
Avng`xqv‡`i a¨vb-aviYv I wek¦v‡mi g~j Dcbex ev Kvi‡YB wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ `jv`wj I gZ‡f`
mnKvix bex bb eis Zv‡`i wek¦v‡m †Lv` bexi gva¨‡gB NUv‡”Q/NUv‡e|
Zv‡`i KIgx bvg cwieZ©b K‡i, mivmwi Qybœx bvg wek¦v‡mi GKwU Aw¯—Z¡ I iƒc †iLv Av‡Q, Av‡Q PwiÎ I
cÖZ¨vL¨vb K‡i, ÔAvng`xqv †gvm‡jgÕ bvg aviY K‡ib| welqe¯‘| mvaviYZ †gŠwLK wek¦v‡mi wµqv cÖwZwµqv
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Qybœx‡`i ga¨ †_‡KB Avng`xqv‡`i Rb¥ A_©nxY| †hgb: Av‡gwiKvi †cÖwm‡W›U wg: evivK Ievgv,
nq e‡j Qybœx m¤cÖ`v‡qi ¯^v‡_© Pig AvNvZ nv‡b Ges Zviv we‡k¦i mK‡jB Zv Cgvb K‡ib| bex-ivQyj I Avj−vn‡K,
weeªZ‡eva K‡ib| Avi †m Kvi‡YB cvwK¯’vbx Qybœx miKvi, ag© wb‡q hviv SMov-dvQv`, gvivgvwi, mš¿vmx I
¶gZvi N„Y¨ ¯^v‡_© Zv‡`i‡K Agymwjg †NvlYv K‡ib Ges mv¤cÖ`vwqK ؇›Ø, Avcb mgvR Z_v †`‡k-we‡`‡k Anin
we‡k¦i mgMÖ Qybœx m¤cÖ`vq mg_©bcÖvß nb| Dwj−wLZ †Mvj‡hvM I Akvwš— m„wó K‡i Pj‡Qb, Zviv mK‡jB
†Kviv‡bi †NvlYvi Av‡jv‡K kxqv, QybœxMY †h †`v‡l †`vlx, wek¦vm K‡ib| †Kvivb †h †gvm‡jg‡`i ag©xq MÖš’, †e`-
wVK †mB GKB †`v‡lB Avng`xqvMYI †`vlx; hw`I Df‡qi MxZv wn›`y‡`i ag©xq MÖš’, †Zvivn-BÄxj Bûw`, wLª÷vb‡`i
wek¦vm I g‡Zi GKwU gvÎ cv_©K¨ Av‡Q| e¯‘Ztc‡¶ †Kvb ag©MÖš’ BZ¨vw` we‡k¦i mK‡jB ci¯úi ¯^xKvi K‡ib; wKš‘
†`k ev `j Dc-`j¸wji Ggb †Kvb †KvivwbK AwaKvi ev ¯^-¯^ AbymiY I Abykxj‡bi wek¦vm, Kg/†ewk cv_©K¨ e‡U!
194

cÖK…Z mZ¨ I wek¦vm wKš‘ GKK I Awfbœ| wek¦vmwU kvwš—c~Y© A_©vr Bnvi mwVK A_© †Zvgvi wbKU cÖKvk Kwiqv‡Qb,
Kg©†cÖiYv I cÖKi‡Yi gva¨‡g Aw¯—‡Z¡i iƒc-†iLvq cÖwZwôZ hvnv‡Z Zzwg H mKj †jvK‡K mZK© Kwi‡e hvnv‡`i evc-
Ki‡Z bv cvi‡j, †m wek¦vm Avi Awek¦v‡mi Zdvr †Zgb `v`v‡K kZ© Kiv nq bvB Ges hvnv‡Z Acivax‡`i‡K aivi
wKQy †bBGes Zvi djvdjI Abyiƒc e‡U| iv¯—v Lywjqv hvq, A_©vr Rvbv hvq †K †Zvgvi cÖwZ wegyL
* nq| ej, Avwg †Lv`vi Zid nB‡Z cÖZ¨vw`ó nBqvwQ Ges
64 Avng`xqv †gvm‡jg Avwg me©cÖ_g Bgvb AvbqbKvix| ej, mZ¨ Avwmqv‡Q Ges
wg_¨v cjvqY Kwiqv‡Q Ges wg_¨v cjvqY KwiZB| cÖ‡Z¨K
GB Rvgv‡Zi cÖwZôvZv wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng`| ÒwZwb eiKZ †gvnv¤§` (mv) Gi Zid nB‡Z| AZGe eo Kj¨vY
fviZe‡l©i cvÄve cÖ‡`‡ki wRjv ¸i“`vmcy‡ii Kvw`qvb gwÛZ †m evw³, †h wk¶v w`qv‡Q Ges †h wk¶v cvBqv‡Q|
bvgK MÖv‡g Bs 1835 mv‡j Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib| wZwb †NvlYv Zvnviv ewj‡e †h Bnv Inx b‡n| K_v¸wj wb‡Ri Zid
K‡ib †h, KziAvb Ges Ab¨vb¨ ag©MÖ‡š’i fwel¨Øvbx Abyhvqx nB‡Z evbvBqv‡Q| Zvnvw`M‡K ej wZwb †Lv`v, whwb GB
Avj−vnZvqvjv Zuv‡K gvbeRvwZi Rb¨ gwmn I gvn&`x Ges K_v¸wj AeZxY© Kwiqv‡Qb| AZtci Zvnvw`M‡K nvwm-
†kl hy‡Mi cÖwZkÖ“Z gnvcyi“liƒ‡c †cÖiY K‡i‡Qb| ag© cÖPvi Zvgvmvi aviYvq Qvwoqv `vI| Zvnvw`M‡K ej, hw` GB
I cÖwZôvi Rb¨ wZwb Bs 1889 mv‡j Avng`xqv Rvgv‡Zi K_v¸wj Avgvi evbv‡bv nq Ges †Lv`vi K_v bq Z‡e Avwg
cÖwZóv K‡ib| wZwb 88 Lvbv cy¯—K iPbv K‡ib| Bs K‡Vvi kvw¯—i †hvM¨ nBe Ges H e¨w³ A‡c¶v eo hvwjg
1908 mv‡j wZwb ci‡jvK Mgb K‡ib| [eZ©gv‡b wgh©v †K, †h Avj−vni cÖwZ wg_¨v iUbv K‡i I wg_¨v Av‡ivc
gvQi“i Avng` 5g Ljxdvi `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Qb| K‡i? wZwb Zvnvi iQyj I cÖZ¨vw`ó‡K †n`vqvZ Ges mZ¨
†h‡nZz Zviv bZzb `j wnmv‡e cÖwZwóZ †m‡nZz Zv‡`i ag© mnKv‡i cvVvBqv‡Qb, †hb wZwb Bnv‡K mKj a‡g©i
m¤^‡Ü Rvbvi Drmvn _vKv DwPr: Dci Rq hy³ Kwiqv †`b| †Lv`vi K_v c~Y© nBqvB _v‡K|
†KnB Bnv cwieZ©b Kwi‡Z cv‡i bv| †jv‡Kiv ewj‡e, GB
bex‡Z¡i me©cÖavb gvcKvwV ev mv¶x n‡jv Zvi g~L wbtm„Z
gh©v`v Zzwg †Kv_v nB‡Z cvBqvQ? GB †h Gjnv‡gi gva¨‡g
Awn Ges Zv mZ¨vm‡Z¨i hyw³-cÖgvb n‡jv, wKQy AvMvg Lei,
ejv nB‡Z‡Q Bnv‡Zv gvby‡li K_v Ges Bnv Ab¨‡`i
bZzb Z_¨ I ZË¡ wfwËK mvgvwMÖK Kj¨v‡Y ag©-Kg© ms¯‹vi|
mvnv‡h¨ evbv‡bv nBqv‡Q| †n †jv‡Kiv †Zvgiv Rvwbqv
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ivLv `iKvi †h, Kv‡iv ag© wek¦v‡mi Dci n¯—‡¶c ev †Rvi Kxfv‡e m¤¢e I Z`ycwi GBiƒc e¨w³i Iqv`vi Kx g~j¨
hei`w¯—, N„Yv †Kvivb †Kvb g‡ZB mg_©b K‡i bv| wb‡æ †ek Av‡Q, †h nxb I wbK…ó? GB e¨w³ †Zv gyL© I Db¥v`, †h
wKQy Awn ewY©Z n‡jv: Av‡evj Zv‡evj K_v e‡j| Bnvw`M‡K ej Avgvi wbKU
avivevwnK Awn: †Lv`vi mv¶¨ Av‡Q| myZivs †Zvgiv wK MÖnY Kwi‡e, bv wK
Ò†n Avng`, †Lv`v †Zvgvi g‡a¨ eiKZ ivwLqv w`qv‡Qb| MÖnY Kwi‡e bv? AZtci Bnvw`M‡K ej, Avgvi wbKU
hvnv wKQy Zzwg PvjvBqvQ Zvnv Zzwg PvjvI bvB, eis †Lv`v †Lv`vi mv¶¨ Av‡Q| myZivs †Zvgiv wK Cgvb Avwb‡e, bv
PvjvBqv‡Qb| †Lv`v †Zvgv‡K †KivAvb wkLvBqv‡Qb|
195

wK Avwb‡e bv? Avwg Bnvi c~‡e© GK `xN© mgq †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZeÜK nBqv‡Q Zvnvw`M‡K cvim¨ eskxq GK e¨w³ i`
mv‡_B KvUvB‡Z wQjvg| †Zvgiv wK eywS‡ZQ bv? GB gh©v`v Kwiqv‡Q| †Lv`v Zvnvi cÖ‡Póvi Rb¨ K…ZÁ| GB mKj
†Zvgvi cÖfyi `qvq jvf KwiqvwQ| wZwb ¯^xq cyi¯‹vi †jvK wK e‡j, Avgiv GKwU kw³kvjx Rvgv‡Zi aŸsmKvix?
†Zvgvi Dci c~Y© Kwi‡eb| AZGe Zzwg mymsev` `vI| GB mKj †jvK cjvqY Kwi‡e Ges c„ô cÖ`k©b Kwi‡e| Zzwg
†Lv`vi dh‡j Zzwg Db¥v` bn| AvKv‡k †Zvgvi Rb¨¨ GKwU Avgvi wbKU AvR mb¥v‡bi AwaKvix GKRb wek¦¯— e¨w³--
D”P gh©v`v I gvKvg iwnqv‡Q| GZبZxZ Avgv‡`i `„wó‡ZI | cweÎ gynv¤§` gy¯—vdv bexM‡Yi †bZv| †Lv`v †Zvgvi mKj
†Zvgvi D”P gh©v`v I gvKvg iwnqv‡Q, hvnviv †`wL‡Z cvq| Kg©‡K mwVK Kwiqv w`‡eb| †Zvgvi mKj D‡Ïk¨ c~Y©
†Zvgvi Rb¨ Avwg wb`k©b †`LvBe| hvnviv AÆvwjKv wbg©vb nB‡e| †mbvevwnbxi gvwjK GB w`‡K g‡bvwb‡ek Kwi‡eb|
K‡i Avgiv Zvnv Pzigvi Kwiqv w`e| H †Lv`vi cÖksmv GB wb`k©‡bi A_© GB †h, KziAvb kixd †Lv`vi †KZve
whwb †Zvgv‡K gmxn Be‡b gwiqg evbvBqv‡Qb| wZwb †h Ges Avgvi gy‡Li K_v| †n Cmv! Avwg †Zvgv‡K g„Zz¨ w`e
mKj KvR K‡ib †m mKj Kv‡Ri Rb¨ wZwb wRÁvwmZ nb Ges †Zvgv‡K wb‡Ri w`‡K D‡Ëjb Kwie| Avwg †Zvgvi
bv Ges †jvKw`M‡K Zvnv‡`i KvR m¤ú‡K© wRÁvmv Kiv Abymvixw`M‡K †Zvgvi A¯^xKviKvixw`‡Mi Dci †KqvgZ
nq| Zvnviv ewjj, Zzwg wK GBiƒc e¨w³‡K (Ljxdv) ch©š— weRqx ivwLe| Avwg Avgvi PgK †`LvBe| wb‡Ri
evbvB‡ZQ, †h c„w_ex‡Z wek„•Ljv m„wó K‡i? wZwb Kz`i‡Z †Zvgv‡K DbœxZ Kwie| c„w_ex‡Z GKRb mZK©Kvix
ewj‡jb, Zvnvi m¤ú‡K© Avwg hvnv wKQy Rvwb †Zvgiv Zvnv Avwmqv‡Q| wKš‘ c„w_exevmx Zvnv‡K MÖnY K‡i bvB| wKš‘
Rvb bv| Avwg H e¨w³‡K jvwÂZ Kwie, †h †Zvgv‡K †Lv`v Zvnv‡K MÖnY Kwi‡eb Ges kw³kvjx AvµgYmg~n Øviv
jvwÃZ Kivi B”Qv †cvlY Kwi‡e| Avgvi ˆbK‡U¨ _vwKqv Zvnvi mZ¨Zv cÖKvk Kwi‡eb| Zzwg Avgvi wbKU GBiƒc,
Avgvi imyj †Kvb `ykgb‡K fq K‡i bv| †Lv`v wjwLqv †hiƒc Avgvi GKZ¡ I AwØZxqZv| --Zzwg mb¥vwbZ gwkn
w`qv‡Qb †h Avwg I Avgvi imyj Rqhy³ nBqv hvBe| †Lv`v hvnvi mgq webó Kiv nB‡e bv| †Zvgvi b¨vq gwb gy³v
Giƒc b‡nb †h, hZ¶Y ch©š— cweÎ I Acwe‡Îi g‡a¨ webó nB‡Z cv‡i bv| AvKv‡k †Zvgvi eo gh©v`v Av‡Q--
cv_©K¨ Kwiqv bv †`LvB‡eb, ZZ¶Y ch©š— †Zvgv‡K Qvwoqv |Ó [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn; wgR©v †Mvjvg Avng`,gwmn gvID`
w`‡eb|--| Avwg B”Qv Kwijvg †h, Avgvi Ljxdv I Bgvg gvn&`x (Av:); cÖKvkK:gRwj‡m Avbmvi“j−vn,
evbvBe| AZGe, Avwg GB Av`g‡K m„wó Kwijvg| †m evsjv‡`k]
†Lv`vi wbKUeZ©x nBj| `yBwU aby‡Ki GK Zš¿x nBqv †Mj, Av‡iv wKQy wew¶ß Awn:
A_ev Dnv nB‡ZI wbKUeZ©x nBqv †Mj| †m g„Z‡K RxweZ Ò1. †h mKj †jvK Kv‡di nBqv †Lv`vZvÕjvi c‡_
Kwi‡e Ges kixqZ‡K cÖwZwôZ Kwi‡e| †n Av`g! Zzwg cÖwZeÜKZv m„wó K‡i GKRb cvim¨ es‡kv™¢yZ e¨w³
Ges †Zvgvi eÜz †e‡nk‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki| †n gwiqg! Zzwg Zvnvw`M‡K i` Kwi‡e| †Lv`v Zvnvi cÖ‡Pói Rb¨ K…ZÁ|
Ges †Zvgvi eÜz †enk‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki| †n Avng`! Zzwg Ges [wZwb Av‡iv GKwU Inx‡Z Avgvi m¤ú‡K© e‡jb:] 2.hw`
†Zvgvi eÜz †e‡nk‡Z cÖ‡ek Ki| †Zvgv‡K mvnvh¨ Kiv Cgvb myivBqvq Pwjqv hvq Z‡e cvim¨ eskxq GK e¨w³
nB‡e Ges wei“×ev`xiv ewj‡e, GLb D‡c¶v Kivi AeKvk †mLvb nB‡ZI Bnv‡K bvgvBqv Avwb‡eb| 3. [AZtci
bvB| †h mKj †jvK Kv‡di nBqv wMqv‡Q Ges †Lv`vi c‡_ Av‡iv GKwU Awn‡Z wZwb Avgv‡K m‡¤^vab Kwiqv e‡jb:]
196

†n cvi‡m¨i mš—vbiv! ZInx`‡K ai, ZInx`‡K ai| 4. KwiqvwQ| 16. GB Rb¨ Zvnvi ü`‡qi inm¨ m¤ú‡K© ÁvZ
mvjgvb [A_©vr GB LvKmvi,] †h `yBwU mwÜi wfwË ¯’vcb †Lv`v Zvnv‡K ÔmKj bex Ges mKj AvIqvjxb I
K‡i, †m Avgv‡`i g‡a¨ nB‡e| †m Avn‡j eqvZ (A_©: Av‡Lixb‡`i Dci †kªôZ¡ `vb K‡ib| 17. Avwg Kmg
bexi eskai-Abyev`K)| 5. †Zvgvi M„‡ni Pvi †`Iqv‡ji Kwi‡ZwQ H mËvi hvnvi n‡¯— Avgvi cÖvY Av‡Q, hw` gmxn
g‡a¨ hvnviv Av‡Q Zvnv‡`i cÖ‡Z¨K‡K Avwg †c−M nB‡Z Be‡b gwiqg Avgvi hy‡M Avwm‡Zb Z‡e †h KvR Avwg
i¶v Kwie| 6. Kvnvi `ytmvnm †h, †Lv`vi AbygwZ Qvov Kwi‡Z cvwi wZwb KL‡bv Zvnv Kwi‡Z cvwi‡Zb bv Ges †h
mycvwik K‡i? [GK wgwbUI AwZµvš— nq bvB , Ggb mgq wb`k©b AvgvØviv cÖKvwkZ nB‡Z‡Q wZwb KL‡bv Zvnv
Avj−vni Zid nB‡Z GB Inx nBj:] 7. †Zvgv‡K mycvwik †`LvB‡Z cvwi‡Zb bv| 18. [Avwg PvwnqvwQjvg †h, Avwg
Kivi AbygwZ †`Iqv nBj| 8. Avgvi †Q‡j ekxi P¶z †Mvcb _vwKe Ges †Mvc‡b gwie| wKš‘ wZwb ewj‡jb]
†gwjj| [ZLb †Lv`vZvÕjvi dhj I `qvq H w`bB Zvnvi Avwg †Zvgv‡K mgMÖ RM‡Z gh©v`vi mwnZ L¨vwZ `vb
†PvL fvj nBqv †Mj|] 8. [GKevi Avwg wb‡RB cxwoZ Kwie|19. †Lv`v †`LvB‡Z‡Qb †h GB iQy‡ji bMY¨ `vm
nBqv cwojvg| Ggb wK Awš—g Ae¯’v g‡b Kwiqv Avgv‡K BmivCjx gmxn Be‡b gwiq‡gi PvB‡Z eo| 20. hvnv‡`i
wZbevi myiv Bqvmxb ïbv‡bv nBj| wKš‘ †Lv`vZvjv Avgvi wbKU Avgvi `vIqvZ †cuŠQv m‡Z¡I Avgv‡K MÖnY K‡i bvB
†`vqv Keyj Kwiqv †Kvb Jla QvovB Avgv‡K Av‡ivM¨ `vb Zvnviv gymjgvb b‡n|-- Avgv‡K bv gvbvi `i“b †Kn
Kwi‡jb| ZLb Avwg cÖvZtKv‡j DwVjvg ZLb Avwg Kv‡di nq bv| 21. [ Avwg †`wL‡ZwQ †Lv`vZvjvi dhj
m¤ú~Y©iƒ‡c my¯’ wQjvg Ges m‡½ m‡½B †Lv`vi GB Inx GBiƒ‡c Avgvi mv‡_ Av‡Q †h, Avgvi Rb¨ Ôû¾ZÕ
nBj:] hw` Zzwg GB `qvi e¨vcv‡i m‡›`n Ki, hvnv Avwg Kv‡q‡gi wbwg‡Ë Ges ¯^xq bex Kix‡gi ag© cÖPv‡ii Rb¨
Avgvi ev›`vi Dci AeZxY© KwiqvwQ, Z‡e GB Av‡iv‡M¨i †Lv`vZvjv H mKj DcKiY wba©vwiZ Kwiqv ivwLqv‡Qb
†Kvb `„óvš— †ck Ki| 9. Avgv‡K WvK Avwg †Zvgvi Wv‡K hvnv BwZc~‡e© †Kvb bex‡K †`Iqv nq bvB--|] 22. Zywg
mvov w`e|10. Zywg Avgvi wbKU Avgvi AvikZzj¨ Zzwg Avgvi ZvInx` I GK‡Z¡i Zzj¨| AZGe H mgq Avwmqv
Avgvi mš—vbZzj¨| 11. †Lv`vi Kmg GB fywgK¤ú Avmv wMqv‡Q †h, †Zvgv‡K me©cÖKv‡ii mvnvh¨ cÖ`vb Kiv nB‡e|
mZ¨--| 12. Zzwg †Zvgvi `~‡ii GK eskai‡K †`wLqv c„w_ex‡Z †Zvgvi bvg mb¥v‡bi mwnZ QovBqv †`Iqv
jB‡e| 13. hw` Avwg †Zvgv‡K m„wó bv KwiZvg Z‡e nB‡e|23. Avj−vn †Zvgv‡K †gvKv‡ejvi gq`v‡b mvnvh¨
AvKvkmg~n m„wó KwiZvg bv Avgvi wbKU PvI| Avwg Kwi‡eb| 24. †n bvix! ZIev Ki, ZIev Ki| †Kbbv
†Zvgv‡K w`e| †Zvgvi nvZ Av‡Q| †Zvgvi †`vqv Av‡Q Ges †Zvgvi †g‡q Ges †g‡qi †g‡qi Dci GKwU wec` Avmbœ|
†Lv`vi Zid nB‡Z `qv Av‡Q| 13. Avwg †gŠjex †gvnv¤§` 25. Dnvi wKq`sk Aek¨B †Zvgv‡`i Dc‡i ewZ©‡e|
†nv‡mb evUvjfx‡K †kl mg‡q Lei w`qv w`e †h, Zzwg [Avng` †e‡Mi g„Zz¨i mwbœKU mg‡q Zvnvi Avcb Rb‡`i
m‡Z¨i Dci bI| †Lv`v `qvjy I `vZv|14. Avwg Avgvi g‡a¨I g„Zz¨ NwU‡e| BnvI ev¯—‡e NwUqv‡Q| Avng` †e‡Mi
B”Qv KLbI cwiZ¨vM Kwie Ges KL‡bv Zvnv c~Y© GK †Q‡j I `yB †evb GB mg‡qB gwiqv hvq|] 26. `vb
Kwie|15. H †KqvgZ m`„k f~wgK¤ú, hvnvi Rb¨ H †Q‡j cÖwZ`v‡b Av‡¶c wK‡mi? 27. h‡_ó, GB ¶gvi c_
wb`k©b nB‡e, Dnv‡K Avgiv Ab¨ GKwU mg‡q wba©vwiZ (Avj−vn)-B †`LvBqv‡Qb| †n ¶gvkxj cÖfy! ZvwiL
197

†`LvBqvQ, evn& evn&-Bqv Mvdzi| 28.Kmg AvKv‡ki Ges hveZxq miÄv‡gi e¨e¯’v Avwg Kwie|--| [e¯‘Z GBiƒc
Kmg H `yN©Ubvi hvnv myh©v‡¯—i ci NwU‡e| [Zuvi evevi NwUj] 40. Avwg †Zvgvi mKj †`vqv Keyj Kwie, wKš‘
g„Zz¨i Awn-‡jLK]| 29. Avwg Z‡jvqvi Øviv hy× KwiqvwQ| kixK‡`i m¤ú‡K© †`vqv Keyj Kwie bv| [ wZwb Avgv‡K
AZGe cwiYvg GB nBj †h, `ykgb aŸsm nBqv †Mj Ges GZ mb¥vb w`qv‡Qb †h, K‡qK j¶ gvbyl Avgvi cv‡q
Zvnv‡`i DcKiYI webó nBj| [GLv‡b `ykgb Øviv GKRb cwo‡Z‡Q|]Ó[`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn, Bmjvgx bxwZ `k©b,
†WcywU Bbm‡c±i‡K eySv‡bv nBqv‡Q †h Ly‡Yi m‡›`‡n wKkwZ‡q-byn BZ¨vw`; wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng`;
gvgjv mvRvBqv wQj-‡jLK|] Ae‡k‡l †m †c−‡M aŸsm cÖKvkbv:Avn&g`xqv gymwjg RvgvZ, evsjv‡`k ]
nBj|] 30. [Avgvi GKwU †Q‡j gviv wMqvwQj Zvnv‡`i e¨w³MZ wew¶ß mgv‡jvPbv:
ixwZ Abyqvqx wei“×ev`xiv GB †Q‡ji g„Zz¨‡Z Lye Avb›` wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng` mv‡ne wewfbœ wk‡ivbv‡g 88 Lvbv MÖš’
cÖKvk KwiqvwQj ZLb †Lv`v Avgv‡K mymsev` w`qv e‡jbt] iPbv K‡ib; GB mg~n MÖš’ Kg© ev AKg©Rxex Kv‡iv c‡¶B
†Lv`vZvjv, Bnvi wewbg‡q kxNÖB Ab¨ GKwU †Q‡ji Rb¥ c‡o †kl Kiv m¤¢e bq| Zvi 4/5 Lvwb MÖš’ c‡o †`Lv
nB‡e| Zvnvi bvg nB‡e gvngy`| 31. [Bnvi ci †Lv`vZvjv †Mj †h Dnvi welqe¯‘ GKgvÎ Zvi bex‡Z¡i `vexi eY©bv
Mf©ve¯’vq GKwU †g‡qi mymsev` †`b Ges Zvnvi m¤ú‡K© gvÎ| Zvi Awn Gjnv‡gi ¯^c‡¶ Kmg, ¯^-Dw³, ¯^cœ Ges
e‡jbt] AjsKvivw`i g‡a¨ jvwjZ-cvwjZ nB‡e| 32. Dnvi ev¯—evq‡Yi `wjj cÖgvY, nvw`m Ges Kwe,f³M‡Yi
[GB †g‡qi ci Av‡iv GKwU †g‡qi mymsev` †`Iqv nBj Dw³, cÎ, BZ¨vw`‡Z ficyi Ges cÖvq mKj MÖ‡š’B GKB
†h, Av‡iv GKwU †g‡qi Rb¥ nB‡e] mb¥vwbZ †g‡q| 33. K_vi cybt cybt cybive„wË gvÎ| †Kvivb Nb Nb Kmg
Avwg PviwU †Q‡j w`e| [Zvnviv nBj: gvngy` Avng`, ekxi LvIqv e¨w³‡K wek¦vm Ki‡Z wb‡la K‡i‡Q| Ajv ZzwZD
Avng`, kixd Avng` I †gveviK Avng`|] 34. [Avgvi K¡yj−v nvjvwd¤§vwnb| [68:Kvjvg-10] A_©: Ges Zzwg
åvZv giûg wgh©v †Mvjvg Kv‡`i-Gi g„Zz¨ m¤ú‡K© AvbyMZ¨ KwiI bv-cig jvwÃZ AwaK KmgKvixi/hviv Nb
fwel¨ØvYx| Bnv‡Z Avgvi GK cy‡Îi c¶ nB‡Z A‡b¨i Nb Kmg K‡i Zv‡`i‡K AbymiY KwiI bv| c¶vš—‡i Zvi
w`K nB‡Z e³e¨ ¯^iƒc Avgvi wbKU GB Bjnvg nBj:] †n `vwei c‡¶ kZ kZ evi Kmg †L‡q‡Qb| GK c„óvi GKwU
PvPv! †ek †LwjqvQ wb‡Ri †Ljv, †LwjqvQ †Zv †ek| wKš‘ AvnŸv‡b wZwb 9 evi Kmg †L‡q‡Qb [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn;
Avd‡mvm! Avgvi evovBqv w`qvQ A‡bK| 35. ˆmq` es‡k wgh©v †Mvjvg Avng`, gyLeÜ|] Zvi Awn‡Z ag© ms¯‹vi Z_v
H weevn nB‡e| 35. KZB bv `ykg‡bi Ni-evox Zzwg bó mgvR Dbœq‡bi bZzb [bvev] Z_¨ I ZË¡ m¤^wjZ welqe¯‘
Kwiqv w`qvQ| 36. wbðqB Avwg imyjM‡Yi Aš—M©Z| 36. G‡Kev‡iB Abycw¯’Z| Zvi ‡kªôZg cÖgvb ¯^iƒc: ÔGKgvÎ
Avgvi †Q‡j ekxi †`wL‡Z jvwMj [†Q‡ji †PvL bó bex I CQvi ¯^vfvweK g„Zy¨ `vwe Qvov mybœx‡`i mv‡_ Zv‡`i
n‡qwQj|] ZLb H w`bB ev c‡ii w`b †m my¯’ nBqv †Mj| wZj cwigvYI cv_©K¨ ‡bB, †bB †Kvb ms‡kvab Ges
37. Zzwg GKwU †e`bvwKó Di“‡`k †`wL‡e [ Di“‡`‡ki ms¯‹v‡ii ms‡hvRb| AZGe Zuvi hveZxq MÖ‡š’i welqe¯‘
e¨v_vi †ivMx AvMg‡bi fwel¨r evYx-‡jLK] 38. hLb Zzwg †h GKB Zv bv c‡oI wbtm‡›`‡n ejv hvq| c¶vš—‡i mybœx
Amy¯’ nI ZLb wZwb †Zvgv‡K Av‡ivvM¨ `vb K‡ib| 39. ev Ab¨‡`i m‡½ bvgvR, we‡q-mv`x, IVv-emv nvivg g‡b
weev‡ni Rb¨ †Zvgvi hvnv wKQy cÖ‡qvRb nB‡e Dnvi K‡ib| A_©vr cÖKv‡k¨ †Nvlbv bv Ki‡jI Ab¨vb¨ `j-
198

Dc`‡ji gZB G‡K Ab¨‡K †hgb Kv‡di ev Agymwjg Zvi cÖavb MÖš’ ÔnvwKKvZzj AwnÕi 1g L‡Û 187wU fwel¨r
fv‡eb wVK †ZgwbB ZviI Ab¨‡`i Abyiƒc wek¦vm K‡ib msewjZ Anx Av‡Q; Zvi cÖvq 99 fvMB e¨w³i Rb¥-g„Zz¨,
e‡jB GgbwK we‡q-mv`xI nvivg g‡b K‡ib| Avcb †Q‡j-‡g‡qi Rb¥-g„Zz¨, A_© cÖvwß, gKÏ©gvi Rq,
†Kviv‡bi †NvlYv Abyhvqx mKj bex‡K Zvi RvwZq wei“×ev`x‡`i Dci Awfkvc [†gvev‡njv] Ges g„Zz¨ eiY;
fvlv‡ZB Awn bvwRj K‡i‡Qb, hv‡Z RbmvavY mnRfv‡e Avcb we‡q, esk cwiPq BZ¨vw`i eY©bv w`‡q Zvi bexZ¡
eyS‡Z cv‡i| bex‡`i Dci Awn nq Avcb fvlvq Ges Zv cÖgv‡b m‡Pó n‡q‡Qb gvÎ| A_©vr wZwb bex wK bex bb
Rbmvavi‡Yi Rb¨B; wKš‘ wZwb D`©y-cvÄve fvlx n‡qI Zvi GKgvÎ BnvB cÖgv‡bi Rb¨B 88 Lvbv eB wj‡L‡Qb e‡jB
Awni wekvj AskB Aviex I BsivwR‡Z G‡m‡Q hv ¯^ g‡b nq| bex‡`i BwZnv‡m Bnv GKwU weij I m‡›`nRbK
RvwZq‡`i Kv‡Q G‡Kev‡iB A‡eva¨| wnw›` fvlvqI Zuvi `„óvš—| wZwb AviI e‡jb:
AMva cvwÛZ¡ wQj wKš‘ GKwU AwnI wnw›` fvlvq Av‡mwb| ÒAvwg †Kej bgybv ¯^iƒc K‡qKwU fwel¨ØvYx G MÖ‡š’
GgbwK `‡ji bvgKiYI Aviex‡Z ÔAvng`xqvÕ †i‡L‡Qb| wjwce× KwiqvwQ| wKš‘ cÖK…Zc‡¶ GBme fwel¨ØvYxi
c¶vš—‡i Ô‡gvm‡jgÕ bvgwU Beªvnx‡gi (mv) Avgj †_‡KB msL¨v K‡qK j¶| GB¸wji aviv GL‡bv †kl nq bvB|
ejer n‡q Avm‡Q, hw`I fvlvi e¨eavb wQj| Aviex Avgvi Dci †Lv`vi evYx GZ wecyj cwigv‡Y AeZxY©
fvlv‡K mybœx kwiq‡Zi gZB Avj−vni fvlv wnmv‡eB wZwb nBqv‡Q †h, hw` H¸wji me KqwU †jLv nq Z‡e 20 L‡Ûi
wek¦vm K‡ib| ZviB ewY©Z Ges ¯^xK…Z nvw`m g‡Z ÔBgvg PvB‡Z Kg MÖš’ nB‡e bv--|Ó [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn, wgh©v
†gn`x G‡m µm fvs‡eb, `ywbqv Rq Ki‡eb|Õ wKš‘ AvR †Mvjvg Avng`; ÔAbyev`‡Ki K_vÕ Aa¨vq|]
kZ erm‡iI GgbwK µm ®úk© Kiv m¤¢e nqwb; hZUzKz m¤¢e A_©vr Zvi wjwLZ 88 LÛ eBi g‡a¨ m¤¢eZ `y-Pvi Lvbv
n‡q‡Q Avwd«Kvi Rbve Avn‡g` w``vZ Øviv| GKgvÎ CQvi Awn Qvov evwK meB Awni evwn‡i eis wbR¯^ Dw³ e‡j
(mv) ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ cÖgv‡Yi Rb¨B bexi AvMgY hyw³ m½Z wb‡RB mv¶¨ w`‡”Qb! AmsL¨ Awn wZwb ¯^qs eR©b K‡iI
bq| wZwb wb‡RI Bnv mg_©b K‡ib Z`ycwi Ab¨vb¨ welq 88 Lvbv MÖš’ iPbv K‡i‡Qb| wZwb ¯^qs wek¦vm Ki‡Zb ‡h,
m¤^‡Ü ms¯‹vi ev gnvbexi cÖwZ”Qvqv ev Ljxdv wnmv‡e Awn¸wj gvby‡li †Kvb DcKv‡i Avm‡e bv †f‡eB wZwb Zv
†KvivwbK cwigvwR©Z Z_¨ I ZË¡ welqK Abyev`, Avwe¯‹vi ¯^qs eR©b K‡i‡Qb e‡j wek¦vm Kiv hvq|
I ms¯‹v‡i wZj cwigvY ¯^v¶i †bB| Zzjbv Ki‡j W: H mg¯— MÖ‡š’ †Kv_vI e‡j‡Qb ‡h, wZwb Av`g †_‡K mKj
ivkv` Ljxdv gxR©v mv‡n‡ei †P‡q DbœZ e‡j g‡b nq| bex‡`i †kªô bex| GB Rgvbvq CQvi Rb¥ n‡j Zvi
wZwb ‡hgb ag©kvkªwe` †Zgb ZK©evMxkI wQ‡jb; Z`ycwi AvbyMZ¨ Qvov †Kvb Dcvq wQj bv, Ab¨Î e‡j‡Qb †h,
aviYv nq †h, mvab fRb K‡i wKQy wnwjs ¶gZv KivqZ¡ wZwbB CQv gwkn BZ¨vw`| wkqv-mybœx m¤cÖ`vq AZx‡Zi
K‡iwQ‡jb| Dnvi mvnv‡h¨ Av‡ivM¨, gvgjv gKÏ©gvi Rq mKj bex‡K †`kxq, AvÂwjK ev mv¤cÖ`vwqK bex wnmv‡e
Ges Awfkvc w`‡q gvby‡li g„Zz¨I nq‡Zv NUv‡Z cvi‡Zb; wek¦vm K‡ib Ges wZwbI Abyiƒc wek¦vm K‡ib [hv ‡Kvivb
Avi GRb¨B wZwb ag© cÖPv‡i hyw³ cÖgv‡bi D‡×© Nb Nb mg_©b K‡i bv] e‡jB mKj bex‡`i Dci †kªôË¡Zv `vexi
†gvev‡njvq [wg_¨vPvixi g„Zz¨i k‡Z©] AZ¨š— AvMÖnx wQ‡jb| mvnm †c‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ GKvav‡i †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] D¤§Z I
Avi ZvB †`‡L mij, `ye©j RbmvaviY AvK…ó n‡Zb| bex, Zvi cÖwZ”Qwe Ges Zvi †kl Ljxdv wnmv‡eI `vex
199

K‡ib| CQv‡K (mv) gyQvi (mv) †kl Ljxdv e‡j wek¦vm gš—e¨ evi evi Aby‡iva K‡iI cvIqv hvqwb| gRvi welq
K‡ib, wKš‘ gynv¤§`‡K (mv) CQvi (mv) Ljxdv ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z n‡jv †hLv‡bB Zv‡`i mv‡_ Av‡jvPbvq e‡mwQ; †Kvb GK
cÖ¯‘Z bb; eis mybœx‡`i gZB bex †kªó, bex‡`i mi`vi mgq Zviv cÖ‡Z¨‡KB GKwU wbw`©ó cÖkœ K‡i‡Qb †h,
e‡jB wek¦vm K‡ib, Avevi KLbI ‡gvnv¤§‡`i (mv) †P‡qI ÔAvcbvi Kv‡Q Awn nq?Õ hLbB DËi w`‡qwQ ÔbvÕ
wbR‡K eo e‡j `vwe K‡ib| c¶vš—‡i mKj bexMYB Z`gyû‡Z©B ‡`ix bv K‡i inm¨RbK Kvi‡Y AvbyôvwbKZv
c~e©ewZ© bex‡`i cÖwZkÖ“Z bex-ivQyj, Bgvg ev Ljxdv f½ K‡i P‡j †M‡Qb|
wnmv‡e †Kviv‡b cÖgvwbZ| wZwb wbR‡K gyRv‡Ï` e‡jI Z‡e GK_v wVK †h Ab¨vb¨ `j-Dc`‡ji Zzjvbvq msL¨v
`vex K‡ib Ges e‡jb, ÔGK kZ erm‡ii gv_vq GKRb jNyi cÖ‡kœB †nvK ev †h †Kvb Kvi‡YB †nvK Avng`xqvMY
gyRv‡Ï` Av‡mb|Õ DMÖev`x bq; Z‡e kZfvMB mv¤cÖ`vwqK I KÆi †gŠjev`x|
Zuvi GB gš—‡e¨ R‰bK cvVK Zuvi c~‡e©i K‡qKRb Zviv wbR¯^ wek¦v‡mi evwn‡i AKvU¨ mZ¨ cÖgvwbZ n‡jI
gyRv‡Ï‡`i bvg e‡j †`qvi cÖkœ K‡ib| wKš‘ wZwb AwZ Zviv MÖnY Ki‡Z ivwR bb! hw`I Zv †Kvivb †_‡KB
mvaviY ivRbxwZK‡`i gZB cÖkœwU †KŠk‡j Gwo‡q hvb, hv cÖgvwbZ nq| Ab¨vb¨ `‡ji gZ Zv‡`iI wek¦vm †h,
GKRb mvaviY MÖvg¨ wkw¶Z †jv‡Ki c‡¶I †e-gvbvb| AwP‡iB mgMÖ we‡k¦ Kvw`qvbx Bmjvg cÖwZwóZ n‡e|
cÖkœwUi Reve bv w`‡q wZwb eis Zv‡`i cvëv cÖkœ K‡ib Kvw`qvbx‡`i Agymwjg †Nvlbvi `wjj cÎ, hyw³-cÖgvb
†h, ÔAv”Qv Bnv‡Zv ej, nhiZ Av`g nB‡Z ïi“ Kwiqv Auv wkqv, mybœx Kv‡ivB †bB; ZeyI Avgv‡`i Avj−vn (gvIjvbv)
nhiZ [mv] ch©š— cª‡Z¨K RvwZ‡Z KZ bex Avwmqv‡Qb! gI`y`x mv‡ne wK‡mi wfwˇZ! wK‡mi †bkvq! Zvi KwZcq
†Zvgiv Bnv ewjqv `vI Z‡e Avwg †gvRv‡Ï` m¤ú‡K©I f³ mvaviY mybœx‡`i‡K Zv‡`i wei“‡× nvqbvi gZ †jwj‡q
ewjqv w`e|Õ [`ª: nvwKKvZzj Awn, wgh©v †Mvjvg Avn&g`; c„: AmsL¨ wbixn Kvw`qvbx‡`i nZ¨vKiv‡jb Zv G‡Kev‡iB
158|] A¯úó|
GKRb bexi Kv‡Q cÖkœwU hZ mnR wQj Zvi †P‡q nvRvi m¤cÖwZ evsjv‡`kx kwiqZ KwZcq †ckv`vix ¯^‡NvwlZ
¸Y fvix GKwU cÖkœ Qy‡o w`‡jb mvaviY gvby‡li Kv‡Q! Av‡jg‡`i H GKB ‰ckvwPK i‡³i †bkvq Avng`xqv‡`i
m½Z cÖ‡kœi hyw³m½Z Reve †`qv bex‡`i PwiÎ myZivs bvbvfv‡e hyjyg, AZ¨vPvi Ki‡Qb Ges `jwU‡K Agymwjg
Zvui c~‡e©i Aš—Z GKRb †gvRv‡Ï‡`i bvg e‡j †`qv Zvui †NvlYvi Rb¨ †Rvi Z`exi Ki‡Qb, hv m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb wei“×
Rb¨ diR wQj e‡U! Ges cÖKv‡k¨ Avj−vni AwaKv‡i mivmwi n¯—‡¶c| Zv‡`i
m¤¢eZt †gvnv¤§‡`i [mv] D‡×©i `vexwU djcÖmy n‡e bv Agymwjg †NvlYvi c~‡e© ‡dviKv‡bi Av‡jv‡K wb‡R‡`i
‡f‡eB GZ`~i mvnm cvbwb, Avevi †Kv_vI mvnm cix¶v K‡i †bqv DwPr †h, wkqv, mybœx, nvbvwd, kvdx
†c‡q‡QbI| Ôms¯‹viÕ MÖš’wU Zuvi nv‡Z co‡j Zvi bexZ¡ BZ¨vw` `j-Dc`j¸wj †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z ˆea wK bv!
`vex m¤ú‡K© bZzb K‡i †f‡e †`L‡Zb wK bv! †K Rv‡b! *
KvbvWv, Av‡gixKv I evsjv‡`‡k Zuvi Abymvix I †K›`ªxq
Awd‡m GKvwaK MÖš’ †cuŠQv‡bv n‡q‡Q wKš‘ ÔBkvj−vn Aek¨B 65 Kvwdi
gš—e¨ Kiv n‡eÕ GB cÖ_g cÎ Qvov wØZxq Avi †Kvb cÎ ev
kwiqZ mvaviYZt Ab¨ ag©vej¤^x‡`i Kvwdi e‡j MY¨
200

K‡i| g~jZt Aviex ÔKvwdiÕ A_©: †MvcbKvix, Ave„ZKvix, d‡Zvqvi wei“‡× AÎ MÖ‡š’i hvewZq cÖwZ‡e`‡b ewY©Z
we‡jvcKvix, AK…ZÁ; AZtci wnsmyK, AnsKvix, ee©i, †KvivwbK hyw³ cÖgv‡bi wfwˇZ AvR‡Ki Avgiv †gvmjgvb
Avn¤§K, g~L©, we‡`ªvnx, mZ¨ j•Nb ev cÖZ¨vLvYKvix, bvgavix RvwZB Zzjbvq †kªó Kv‡di, eis Zvi †P‡qI
wg_¨vev`x BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| A_©vr Dwj−wLZ GK ev GKvwaK RNY¨ Ô†gvb‡dKÕ Ges Zv LÛb Kivi ¶gZv Avgv‡`i †bB|
†`vl m¤úbœ e¨w³‡KB Kvwdi e‡j †Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq kwiqZ hv‡`i‡K mvgwMÖKfv‡e Kvwdi e‡j, †Kvivb Zv‡`i
ewY©Z Av‡Q| Bûw` L„óv‡`i bv‡gv‡j−L K‡i †Kviv‡bi m¤^‡Ü wK e‡j Zv GKUz Av‡MB ewY©Z n‡q‡Q; AZtci
†Kv_vI mvgwMÖKfv‡e ÔKvwdiÕ e‡j †Nvlbv Kiv nqwb, AviI ¸i“Z¡c~Y© †Nvlbv †`Lyb:
†hgb: gyQvi (mv) Abymvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü:
1. wgbûgyj †gvwgbxbv -- dv‡QK¡xb| [3: Bgivb- 1. Bqv ebx BmªvBjv! -- Avjvwgb| [2:evKviv-
110] A_©: Zv‡`i g‡a¨ wKQy msL¨K ‡gvgxb 47,122] A_©: †n BmªvBj RvwZ! -- Ges
Av‡Q wKš‘ AwaKvskB mZ¨Z¨vMx| ‡Zvgvw`M‡K we‡k¦ mevi Dc‡i †kªôZ¡ w`‡qwQ|
2. jvBQy QvIqvAvb --BqvmRy`yb| [3: Bgivb- 2. A jvKv`-- Avjvgxb| [44: `yLvb-32] A_©:
113] A_©:Zviv mK‡j GK iKg bq| Avwg †R‡b-ï‡bB Zv‡`i (Bûw`‡`i) we‡k¦i
wKZvex‡`i g‡a¨ AwePwjZ GK`j Av‡Q; Zviv †kªôZ¡ w`‡qwQ|
ivwÎKv‡j Avj−vni AvqvZ cvV K‡i Ges CQvi (mv) Abymvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü:
wmR`v K‡i| ciKv‡j (fwel¨‡Z) wek¦vmx, 3. ARvjyj−vwRbv-- †Kqvgv‡Z| [3: Bgivb-55]
mrKv‡Ri wb‡`©k †`q, Amr Kv‡R wb‡la A_©:-- Avi †Zvgvi (CQvi) AbymvixMY‡K
K‡i, mr Kv‡Ri cÖwZ‡hvMxZv K‡i; Zviv wKqvgZ ch©š— Kvwdi‡`i Dci cÖvavb¨ w`‡qwQ-
¯^¾bw`‡Mi Aš—f©~³| Zv‡`i K‡g©i cÖwZ`vb -|
†_‡K KLbI ewÂZ Kiv n‡e bv| ZvivB gynv¤§‡`i (mv) Abymvix‡`i m¤^‡Ü:
gyËvwK¡b| 4. KzbZzg LvBiv D¤§vZvb--| [3:Bgivb-110] A_©:
3. Aj−vRxbv K¡vjy -- i“nevbvb| [5: gv‡q`v-82]& †ZvgivB †kªó RvwZ--|-- hviv mr Kv‡Ri
A_©:-- hviv e‡j Avgiv L„óvb , gvby‡li g‡a¨ wb‡`©k †`q, Amr Kv‡R wb‡la K‡i-- |
Zv‡`i‡KB Zzwg gywgb‡`i NwbôZg eÜz wnmv‡e 5. A KvRvwjKv -- D¤§vZvb| [2:evKvi-143] A_©:-
cv‡e| - †Zvgiv GK ga¨gcš’x RvwZ--|
wKš‘ wkqv-QybœxMY †Kviv‡bi mvgwMÖK ev g~j `k©b †Mvcb we‡k¦i nvRvi eQ‡ii BwZnv‡mi w`‡K j¶¨ Ki‡j
†i‡L eis D‡Ïk¨ cÖ‡Yvw`Z n‡qB ¯^ Áv‡b KwZcq Ges AvqvZ¸wji mZ¨Zv †h †KD ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z eva¨| Dwj−wLZ 3
AvswkK AvqvZ cyuwR K‡i Ab¨ ag©vej¤^x‡`i mivmwi bs Avqv‡Zi wei“‡× kwiqZ d‡Zvqv w`‡”Q †h, Ô gynv¤§‡`i
Kv‡di d‡Zvqv cÖPvi-cÖwZôv K‡i mgMÖ gymwjg RvwZ‡K (mv) Avwef©v‡ei c‡i gymwjgMYB CQvi (mv) cÖK…Z
weåvš— K‡i‡Q; Ges RNb¨ D¯‹vbx w`‡q AvR 14k ermi Abymvix| L„óvbMY eZ©gv‡b CQvi cÖK…Z Abymvix b‡nb|Õ
hveZ Avcb `j-Dc`jmn wek¦gq AivRMZv, Akvwš— [`ª: ‡Kvivb e½vbyev`; BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûmb; dzU †bvU bs-
wRB‡q †i‡L‡Q; Z‡e Ab¨ RvwZi †¶‡ÎI Abyiƒc `„óvš— 257]
i‡q‡Q e‡U| gynv¤§‡`i (mv) Avwef©v‡ei ci gymwjgMY Beªvnxg, `vD`,
kwiqZ †h mg¯— Avqv‡Zi ¯^v_©ev`x I A`~i`wk© e¨vL¨vi gyQvi Abymvix wK bv! ev Bûw`MY g~Qvi bKj Abymvix wK
Abymi‡Y Ab¨‡`i Kv‡di e‡j †mB mg¯— e¨vL¨v I bv! Zv dzU‡bv‡U D‡j−L †bB|
201

cÖPwjZ gymjgvbMY CQvi (mv) cÖK…Z Abymvix n‡j Zviv G¶‡Y we‡kl K‡i Avgiv gymjgvb `vwe`viMY mZK© †nvK
gynv¤§‡`i bKj Abymvix wK bv! G cÖkœwU DÌvcY Kiv wbZvš— †h, ¯^qs Avj−vni `vwqZ¡ ¯^ n‡¯— aviY K‡i ag© I ivRbxwZ
¯^vfvweK e‡U! (a‡g©i cÖavb A½) BZ¨vw` gvbe ‡mevi ARynv‡Z wbwin
g~jZt AZx‡Zi mKj bexMY ÔmZ¨ bex wQ‡jb, wKš‘ gvbe mgv‡R LyYvLyYx, evovevwi, cÖZviYv, hyjyg AZ¨vPvi,
Zv‡`i‡K gvb‡Z n‡e bv, AZx‡Zi mKj ag© evwZjÕ Akvwš— hviv K‡i Zviv Avgvi `„wó‡Z nhiZ-†gvRv‡Ï`,
BZ¨vw` e‡j d‡Zvqv w`‡”Q! Ggb d‡Zvqv kwiqZ ‡Rvi Bgvg, †bZv-‡bÎx n‡jI †Kviv‡bi `„wó‡Z ‡gvbv‡dK,
Mjvq nvRvi eQ‡ii AwaKKvj hver cÖPvi cÖwZôv K‡i‡Q; Kv‡di-‡gviZv`, cÖZviK Qvov Avgiv Avi wKQyB bB|
ZvQvov gynv¤§‡`i (mv) cÖwZwôZ Ô‡gvm‡jgÕ Zvi g„Zz¨i
†gvUvgywU 30/35 ermi c‡iB wejxY n‡q Ô‡gvmjgvb, *
wkqv, Qybœx BZ¨vw`‡Z i“cvš—wiZ n‡q‡Q| myZivs Avj−vni
†KZv‡ei dzU‡bv‡U Bgvg‡`i †jLv d‡ZvqvwUi †KvbB wfwË 66 wRnv`
†bB|
cÖK…Zc‡¶ gymjgvb bv‡gi AmsL¨ `j-Dc`j¸wj †Kvivb ‡Kvivb wei“× Ges nvw`m-‡dKnv I d‡Zvqv wbf©ikxj
Z_v †gvnv¤§`mn (mv) mKj bex‡`i †gŠwLKfv‡e ¯^xKvi A_©vr gnvbexi wei“× wKš‘ †evLvix‡`i wek¦¯— kwiqZ
Ki‡jI ev¯—weK c‡¶ †evLvix, †gvm‡jg, wgR©v †Mvjvg †R‡b-bv †R‡b eis Ans (wkiK) ZvwoZ n‡q †h weqqwU
Avn¤§`, gI`y`xM‡Yi AÜ Abymvix n‡q Kw_Z Kv‡di‡`i wb‡q wek¦gq Akvwš— I AivRMZvi m„wó K‡i Bmjvg Z_v
†P‡qI bvcvK, Ô‡gvbv‡dKÕ mve¨¯’ n‡q Av‡Qb hv kvwš—ev` c‡` c‡` c``jxZ Ki‡Q, Zv n‡jv ÔwRnv`|Õ
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq mv¶¨ enb K‡i| welqwU PZzi
Kw_Z bv‡q‡e ivQyjMY fv‡jvfv‡eB Dcjwã K‡ib Ges msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡li Av‡jv‡K:
Revew`wnZvi fq Av‡Q e‡jB Ôg„Zz¨i c~‡e© GKevi gvÎ GK ÔwRnv`Õ A_©: †Póv, cwikªg, Aa¨emvq, ag©hy×; Rv-nv-`
K‡jgv co‡Z cvi‡jB Rxe‡bi hvewZq Ab¨vq Aciva ¶q avZz †_‡K Drcbœ| Rvnv` A_©: †Póv Kij, cwikªg Kij;
n‡q †e‡n¯— wbN©vrÕ GB ‡Kvivb wei“× d‡ZvqvwU ejer K‡i wRnv` A_©: mva¨vbyhvqx †Póv Kij, Aa¨emvq mnKv‡i
†i‡L‡Qb| KvR Kij, msMÖvg Kij BZ¨vw`| Ôhviv Avgv‡`i (mvwbœa¨
g~jZt Bûw`, Qv‡eCb, L„óvb, wkL, †eŠ×, wn›`y BZ¨vw` ev mš‘wó jv‡fi) Rb¨ KwVb cwikªg K‡i (wRnv`) Avgiv
RvwZ ag© eY© wbwe©‡k‡l †h GKK Avj−v‡Z wek¦vmx, wek¦¯’, Aek¨B Zv‡`i‡K Avgv‡`i c‡_i mÜvb w`‡q _vwK;
mr cwikªgx, b¨vqev`x, ‰ah©kxj, kvwš—ev`x ZvivB cÖK…Z Avj−vn mrKg©kxj‡`i m‡½ _v‡Kb|Õ [29:AvbKveyZ-69]
†gvm‡jg, gwgb| gynv¤§‡`i (mv) g°vq cÖPvi Rxe‡bi mgqKvjxb AeZxY©
c~e© D‡j−wLZ 1 †_‡K 5 bs Avqv‡Z ÔZviv, ‡ZvgivÕ ej‡Z
mvgwMÖKfv‡e Rb¥MZ, RvwZMZ †gvmjgvb, wkqv-Qybœx, Avqv‡Z, †hLv‡b wRnv` k‡ãi D‡j−L Av‡Q †mLv‡b
Avn&gw`; `vwo-Uzwc, ‰cZv-µm; Bûw`, L„óvb cÖf„wZ ey‡S Kvwdi‡`i wei“‡× Amªavi‡Yi A‡_© GB k‡ãi e¨envi
†bqv ev `vwe Kivi wZj cwigvY my‡hvM-mg_©b †Kviv‡b nqwb| myZivs Giƒc †¶‡Î mrKg© mva‡b evav m„wó K‡i
†bB| e‡j cÖe„wËi mwnZ msMÖvg Ki‡Z nq BnvB ÕwRnv`Õ kãwU
Ghver Ges ciewZ© Av‡jvwPZ we¯—vwiZ `wjj cÖgv‡b e¨env‡ii Ab¨Zg Zvrch©| cÖwm× Kwe-`vk©wbK Aveyj
†Kviv‡bi cvZvq cvZvq Avgv‡`i Avmj cwiPq enb AvZvwnqvi GKwU Aviex Pi‡Yi Abyev`: Ôme©v‡c¶v KwVb
Ki‡Q; AZGe: wRnv` cÖe„wËi m‡½ hy×| G hy‡× avZe A‡mªi cÖ‡qvM
202

†bB|Õ PiY `ywÕUi mg_©‡b Dwj−wLZ AvqvZmn †Kvivb e¨cK A‡_© e¨env‡ii Dc‡hvwMZvi `i“b ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ã
†Nvlbv K‡i, Ô‡Zvgiv Kvwdi‡`i AvbyMZ¨ KwiI bv, eis Amªhy×I µ‡g kvwgj n‡q hvq| KviY hy‡×i g‡a¨ kªg,
Bnvi (†Kviv‡bi) mvnv‡h¨ Zv‡`i mwnZ KwVb wRnv` K‡i Aa¨emvq Ges cwiYv‡g Pig Z¨v‡Mi A_©vr Rxeb `v‡biI
hvI| [25: dziKvb-52] G‡¶‡Î wRnv‡`i Amª †Kviv‡bi cÖ‡qvRb c‡o| GB Kvi‡b nvw`‡m Ges wdK‡n
wee„Z hyw³ I cÖÁv gvÎ [cï kw³ ev avZe Amª bq]| Z‡e cvwifvwlKfv‡e wRnv` kãwU Bmjvg nb‡b e×cwiKi
(gvbwlK) Pvc cÖ‡qvM A‡_©I ÔwRnv`Õ kãwUi cÖ‡qvM Av‡Q, kΓi wei“‡× mkmª hy× A‡_© e¨eüZ nÕ‡Z jvMj|
†hgb: Ôhw` †Zvgvi wcZvgvZv †Zvgi Ávb-eyw×i ee©i (ciewZ©‡Z) ÔwKZveyj wRnv`Õ wk‡ivbv‡g hy× msµvš— nvw`m
Askxev` ¯^xKvi Kivi Rb¨ †Zvgvi m‡½ wRnv` K‡i A_©vr Ges Av‡jvPbv web¨¯— nj| ZLb †_‡K wRnv‡`i
(gvbwmK) †Rvi Pvc cÖ‡qvM K‡i Z‡e Zzwg Zv‡`i AbyMZ cvwifvwlK (weK…Z) A_©wU Bnvi ey¨rcwZMZ (g~j) A_©‡K
nBI bvÕ [29:AvbKveyZ-8;31: jyKgvb-15] Qvwo‡q †Mj| Z‡e †Kviv‡b ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ãi cÖ‡Z¨KwU
Kvwdi‡`i wei“‡× mkmª msMÖv‡gi AbygwZ ev wb‡`©‡ki e¨env‡ii Aš—iv‡j Kvwdi e‡ai wefxwlKv Kíbvq
†¶‡Î mvaviYZ ÔKZjÕ k‡ãi e¨envi †`Lv hvq [4:wbQv- AvZ¼MÖ¯— nIqvi †Kvb †hŠw³KZv †bB|
76] me©cÖ_g hy‡×i AbygwZen Avqv‡ZI wRnv` bq eis ‡Kvivb wbQK ¶vÎkw³ cÖ`k©b, †MvÎMZ †MŠie i¶v ev
ÔwKZvjÕ k‡ãi e¨envi Av‡Q [nv¾-29] Qyiv evKvivi w`wM¦R‡qi D‡Ï‡k¨ hy× Aby‡gv`b K‡i bv| AvZ¥ i¶v
190 †_‡K 193 ch©š— we‡kl Zvrch©c~Y© AvqvZ¸wj‡Z (2:evKviv- 190) RbM‡Yi Rvbgvj Avei“ i¶v (wbQv-
GKeviI ÔwRnv`Õ kãwU e¨eüZ nqwb| ‡Kviv‡b ÔKz‡Zev 75) we‡e‡Ki ¯^vaxbZv Z_v ag©xq ¯^vaxbZv (wbi‡c¶Zv)
AvjvBKzgyj Kv‡Zj~Õ †`Lv hvq [2:evKviv-216.226] wKš‘ i¶v (22:nv¾-40) †dZbv A_©vr mgv‡R wek„•Ljv †iva
ÔKz‡Zev AvjvBKzgyj wRnv`Õ (A_©vr ÔwRnv` diR Kiv (evKviv-193) BZ¨vw`i Rb¨ †Kvivb Bnvi AbymvwiMY‡K
n‡q‡Q)Õ †`Lv hvq bv| hy‡× AeZxY© nevi wb‡`©k †`q--| [Z_¨myÎ: msw¶ß
Dc‡iv³ Av‡jvPbv †_‡K cwi¯‹vi ‡evSv hvq †h, †Kej Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 1g L. c„: 402-405]
ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ãi e¨envi Kvwdi‡`i wei“‡× kw³i jovB Dwj−wLZ we¯—vwiZ Av‡jvPbvq GUvB cÖgvwbZ †h, cÖPwjZ
myPbv K‡i bv eis G A_© cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ †Kviv‡b wRnv` kwiqZ `jxq ¯^v‡_© ÔwRnv`Õ kãwUi Pig Ace¨vL¨v I
k‡ãi m‡½ KZj k‡ãi e¨envi, †¶Î we‡k‡li Pvwn`v Ace¨envi K‡i wbixn mijcÖvY RbmvaviY‡K c_ åó
Abyhvqx AviI KZK we‡kl k‡ãi e¨envi Ges Aviex K‡i‡Q Ges Avj−vn-ivQyj cÖYxZ ‡KvivwbK Bmjvg‡K
fvlvq cÖPwjZ evKixwZi mvnvh¨ MÖnY Kiv n‡q‡Q; wRnv` Kjw¼Z K‡i‡Q|
k‡ãi cwie‡Z© eis ÔKZjÕ Gi e¨enviB †ekx| Ab¨ K_vq Aviex Ônve©Õ k‡ãi A_© hy×, Ôwmiv-AvÕ A_© gvivgvwi,
kw³ cÖ‡qvM e¨ÄK we‡kl we‡kl k‡ãi e¨envi bv cvIqv Ôgv-AvivKvÕ A_© jovB Avi ÔwKZvjÕ A_© nZ¨v| c¶vš—‡i
†M‡j †Kviv‡bi e¨eüZ wRnv` Øviv GB k‡ãi ey¨rcwZMZ ÔwRnv`Õ A_© Avj−vn Dcjwãi Rb¨ Z¨vM, mvabv ev e¨w³i
A_©B †Kej eySv‡e A_©vr h_vmva¨ cwikªg, Aa¨emvq I GKwbó ag©vbykxjY Ges Dnv i¶vq Ôag© hy×Õ wØZxq A‡_©
Z¨v‡Mi gva¨‡g Avj−vni Avw`ó Rxeb-cš’v AbymiY KivB e¨envi Kiv hvq; Avi a‡g©i g~j welqe¯‘, ˆewkó I
eyS‡Z n‡e| BwZe„Ë ÔBmjvg,Õ kvwš— ev Jug i¶v Kiv| AZGe kvwš— hy×
203

ej‡Z hy×, nZ¨v ev AvµgY ‡Kvb Ae¯’v‡ZB Bmjvg AZtci Zv‡K Zvi c‡¶ wbivc` ¯’v‡b
Aby‡gv`b K‡i bv eis Pzovš—fv‡eB nvivg| AZGe ag© hy× †cŠuQvBqv `vI| G wb‡`©k GRb¨ †h, Zviv GKwU
ej‡Z AvZ¥i¶vi cÖwZ‡iva ev cÖwZ‡kva eySvq; Avµvš— n‡j AÁ m¤cÖ`vqÕ(ZIev-6) A_©vr Avkªq cÖvw_©©
AvZ¥ i¶vB wRnv‡`i gg©v_© Ges cÖavb kZ©| ZrKvjxb kΓ‡K ea Kiv wesev Bmjvg MÖn‡Y evva¨ Kiv
†cŠËwjKMY †gvm‡jg‡`i Dci AvµgY, wbh©vZb bv nvivg|
Ki‡j, ivQyj [mv] Avµvš— bv n‡j 22 erm‡i GKwU hy×I O. hLb †Zgviv Avµvš— nI ZLb Zv‡`i ea Kiv
n‡Zv bv GgbwK GK‡dvUv i³I Si‡Zv bv| Avj−vni ivQ~j †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ ˆea; nZ¨h‡Ái AvksKv bv
wb‡RB †NvlYv †`b †h, ag© cÖPvi mKj RvwZi mgvb _vK‡j Zv‡`i e›`x Ki| nq ¶gv Ki ev
AwaKvi; †KD KvD‡K evav †`qvi AwaKvi †bB; AZtci gyw³c‡Y †Q‡o `vI|
Avµvš— n‡j cÖwZ‡iva Awbevh© n‡q `vovq Ges DnvB Dc‡iv³ bxwZgvjv †_‡K hy×g~jK wRnv‡`i D‡Ïk¨ Ges Ôwd
ÔwRnv`Õ k‡ãi wØZxq A_©| gnvbexi 22 erm‡ii 23wU Qvwewjj−vwnÕ K_vwUi Zvrch© cwi¯‹vifv‡e eySv hvq| Ôhw`
hy‡×i msw¶ß wb‡`©k wQj wbæiƒc: Avj−vn GK`j †jv‡Ki Øviv Aci `‡ji cÖwZ‡iva e¨e¯’v
K. evovevwo KwiI bv, cªZviYv KwiI bv, g„Z bv Ki‡Zb Z‡e gV, gw›`i, wMR©v wmbvMM, gmwR` hv‡Z
kΓi A½‡”Q` KwiI bv, wkï ea KwiI bv, Avj−vni bvg AwaK KxwZ©Z nq GB meB Pzigvi n‡q †hZÕ
e„× Ges bvix nZ¨v KwiI bv| (nv¾-40) GB Avqv‡Z †Kviv‡bi Abymvix‡`i Dci wfbœ
L. hy×vi‡¤¢i c~‡e© kΓ‡K nq Bmjvg MÖnY bZzev ag©vej¤^x‡`i Dcvmbvjq i¶vi Rb¨ hy‡×i wb‡`©k †`qv
ek¨Zv ¯^xKvi A_ev wRwRqv Ki cÖ`vb Kivi n‡q‡Q| wek‡ci AbygwZ m‡Ë¡I Igi (iv) wewRZ iv‡R¨i
AvnŸvb RvbvI A_©vr kΓ‡K Bmjvg MÖn‡Y eva¨ L„óvb‡`i wMR©vq mvjvZ Abyôv‡b A¯^xK…wZ Ávcb
KwiI bv| K‡iwQ‡jb, cv‡Q gymwjgMY Bnv‡K gmwR‡` cwiYZ K‡i|
M. Zv‡`i mwnZ hy× Ki hZ¶Y ch©š— wdZbv (Z_¨myÎ: m. B.wek¦‡Kvl; c„: 404, 405)
wbK©v©wcZ bv nq Ges Avj−vni `xb A_©vr kvwš—
c~Y© b¨vq bxwZwfwËK mgvR (mvwe©K AvZ¥i¶vg~jK hy× ev wRnv‡`i weavb:
wbi‡c¶Zv) cybtcÖwZôv bv nq| kΓ hLb Kj‡gi wecix‡Z Kjg; K_vi wecix‡Z K_v Avi i‡³i
wek„•Ljv m„wó †_‡K weiZ nq ZLb we‡kl wecix‡Z i³ w`‡qB cÖwZ‡iva Ki‡Z nq; Dnvi AwZwi³
`Û‡hvM¨ Rvwjg Qvov Ab¨ KvnviI Dci Kivi A_©B mxgv j•Nb Ges DnvB Pzovš— Kzdzix| Zvic‡iI
AZ¨vPvi A_©vr Amª cÖ‡qvM Pj‡e bv|(evKviv- ¶gv K‡i †`qvB Avj−vni †ekx cQ›`bxq| `wjq wek¦vm,
193)| ¶gZvi †jvf I fvev‡e‡M ZvwoZ bv n‡q ‡Kviv‡b ewY©Z
N. hy×iZ †Kvb gykwiK Avkªq PvB‡j Zv‡K Avkªq wRnv` bq eis hy‡×i KwVY kZ©vejx cÖ‡Z¨K gymjgv‡bi
w`I hv‡Z †m Avj−vni Kvjvg †kv‡b, (Ges wPš— j¶Yxq Ges Ri“ix cvjYxq:
v Ki‡Z cv‡i Zvi c‡¶ gymwjg‡`i wei“×vPiY 1. A KvZvebv-- h‡jgxb| [5:gv‡q`v-45-49] A_©:
hyw³hy³ wK bv, hw` †m kΓZv cwinvi bv K‡i) Zv‡`i Rb¨ weavb w`‡qwQjvg †h, cÖv‡Yi e`‡j
204

cÖvY, †Pv‡Li e`‡j †PvL, bv‡Ki e`‡j bvK, Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wj wRnv‡`i cÖavb kZ©; Dnv‡Z ¸g,LyY,
Kv‡bi e`‡j Kvb, `uv‡Zi e`‡j `uvZ Ges hL‡gi hy×, †Mvcb AvµgY ev mš¿vm, kw³ cÖ‡qv‡Mi wZj cwigvY
e`‡j Abyiƒc hLg| AZtci †Kn Dnv ¶gv Ki‡j AbygwZ †bB eis Avµš— n‡j gvÎ AvZ¥ i¶vi AbygwZ A_©vr
Dnv‡Z ZviB cvc †gvPb n‡e| Avj−vn hv AeZxY© AvNvr Avm&‡j wbN©vZ AvZ¥i¶v‡Z© cÖwZNvZ| cÖPwjZ
K‡i‡Qb Z`bymv‡i hviv weavb †`q bv ZvivB kwiqZ AvqvZ¸wj ¯^ B”Qvq Ges ¯^-Áv‡b mivmwi
Rvwjg,dv‡mK I Kv‡di| Aw¯^Kvi K‡i Ges mvaviY mgvR †_‡K †Mvcb †i‡L e¨w³
2. A Bb-- Q‡eixb| [16:bvnj-126] A_©: hw` I `wjq N„Y¨ ¶gZvi †jv‡f AvswkK gvÎ wbæ AvqvZ¸wj
†Zvgiv cÖwZ‡kva MÖnY Ki, Z‡e wVK ZZLvwb cÖPvi K‡i mij wek¦vmx †gvmjgvb‡`i weåvš— K‡i a‡g©i
Ki‡e: hZLvwb Ab¨vq †Zvgv‡`i cÖwZ Kiv n‡q‡Q; bv‡g mgvR, †`k Z_v mgMÖ gymwjg we‡k¦ LyY, hLg,
Z‡e †Zvgiv ˆah© aviY Ki‡j ‰ah©kxj‡`i Rb¨ Bnv AivRMZv, Akvwš— m„wó diR e‡j cÖwZóv Ki‡Z m¶g
AwZ DËg| n‡q‡Q| Avi gnvbex‡K GKRb ‡hv×v, mš¿vmx, LyYx I
3. Aj−vwRbv-- h‡jgxb| [42:ïiv-39,40] A_©: Ges m¤cÖmviYev`x wnmv‡eI cÖwZóv Ki‡Z m¶g n‡q‡Q|
hviv AZ¨vPvwiZ n‡j cÖwZ‡kva MÖnY Ki‡e: g‡›`i 1. Kz‡Zev AvjvBKzg-- LvBi“j−vKzg--|[2:evKviv-
cÖwZdj Abyiƒc g›` Ges †h ¶gv K‡i †`q I 216] A_©: †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨ nZ¨vi [wRnv`] weavb
Av‡cvl-wb®úwË K‡i Zvi cyi¯‹vi Avj−vni wbKU †`qv n‡jv hw`I ‡Zvgv‡`i wbKU Bnv AwcÖq; wKš‘
Av‡Q| Avj−vn Rvwjg‡`i cQ›` K‡i bv| †Zvgiv hv cm›` Ki bv m¤¢eZt Zv †Zvgv‡`i Rb¨
4. A Kv‡Zj~ wd Qvwe‡j-- Kv‡dixbv--ivwng| Kj¨vYKi--|
[2:evKviv-190,191] A_©: hviv †Zvgv‡`i nZ¨v 2. A Kv‡Zjy-- Avjxg| [2:evKviv-244] A_©:
K‡i, †ZvgivI Zv‡`i Avj−vni bv‡g (civ‡_©) nZ¨v †Zvgiv Avj−vni bv‡g nZ¨v [wRnv`] Ki Ges †R‡b
Ki; wKš‘ mxgv j•Nb KwiI bv| Avj−vn mxgv ivL †h, Avj−vn me©‡kªvZv, me©Á|
j•NbKvix‡K N„Yv K‡ib| †hLv‡bB Zv‡`i cv‡e 3. Bb‡di“-- Zvjvgyb| [9:ZIev-41] A_©: ‡Zvgiv
nZ¨v Ki‡e Ges †h ¯’vb †_‡K Zviv †Zvgv‡`i †ewi‡q co nvjKv fvix †h mvR miÄvg cvI ZvB
ewn¯‹…Z K‡i‡Q †ZvgivI Zv‡`i †mLvb †_‡K wb‡q Avi Avj−vi iv‡n wb‡R‡`i Rvb-gvj w`‡q
ewn¯‹vi Ki| Akvwš— m„wó LyY A‡c¶vI ¸i“Zi cÖwZ‡iva [wRnv`] Ki| [cÖKvk _v‡K †h Dwj−wLZ
cvc| msiw¶Z gmwR‡`i wbKU KLbI hy× Ki‡e PviwU Avqv‡ZB ÔwRnv`Õ kãwU †bB, Av‡Q
bv †h ch©š— Zviv †mLv‡b †Zvgv‡`i mwnZ hy× bv ÔKZj|Õ
K‡i| hw` Zviv †Zvgv‡`i wei“‡× hy× K‡i Z‡e Avcb ÁvwZ‡Mvwô nZ¨vi welq †Kviv‡bi wb‡`©k j¶bxq
†Zvgiv Zv‡`i nZ¨v Ki‡e; BnvB Kvwdi‡`i Ges wbR‡K gygxb `vwe Ki‡j Aek¨B AbymiYxq Avi hviv
cwiYvg| hw` Zviv weiZ nq Z‡e Avj−vn ¶gvkxj, AvqvZ¸wj A¯^xKvi K‡i ¶gZvi †jv‡f wbixn hyeK‡`i
cig `qvjy| [A_©vr Zviv hy× eÜ Ki‡j †ZvgivI cÖjyä K‡i mgv‡R AivRMZvi m„wó Ki‡Qb Zv‡`i‡K
Zr¶bvZ eÜ Ki|] †Pv‡L Av½yj w`‡q AvqvZ¸wj †`wL‡q †`qv DwPr †h,
205

Ô‡Zvgiv a‡g©i bv‡g †Kvivb A¯^xKvi Ki‡Qv; mgv‡R Dwj−wLZ we¯—vwiZ AvqvZ¸wj D‡c¶v K‡i †h ev hviv Anin
Akvwš— I †dZbv dvQv‡`i m„wó Ki‡Qv|Õ AZtci a‡g©i bv‡g Avcb ÁvwZ fvB‡`i nZ¨v, LyY, hLg, †evgvevwR
†Kviv‡bi cÖwZ wd‡i bv Avm‡j mgv‡R wek„•Ljv mš¿vmx Kg©KvÛ Pvwj‡q mgvR RxeY wecbœ K‡i Pj‡Q Zviv
m„wóKvix, Lybx, ‡Kvivb Agvb¨Kvix wnmv‡e mbv³ Kiv I cÖK…Zc‡¶ wb‡R‡`i DciB wb‡R‡`i KwíZ wRnv` AvcwZZ
RbgZ M‡o ‡Zvjv cÖwZwU †gvm‡j‡gi KwVY `vwqZ¡| nIqvi ev Kivi cÖKvk¨ Aby‡gv`b `vb Ki‡Qb| Avj−vn †h
1. Bqv AvBqynvj−vwRbv-- BqvwQivb| [4:wbQv- mËi wnmve MÖnYKvix G evK¨wU Zviv †egvjyg fy‡jB Av‡Qb|
29,30] A_©: †n f³MY [†gv‡gbMY]! †Zvgiv G‡K AZGe e¨w³ ev `jxq AccÖPv‡i Ges ¶xY cvw_©e †jv‡f
Ac‡ii m¤úwË Ab¨vqfv‡e MÖvm KwiI bv; -- Avw`÷ bv n‡q eis e„nËi ¯^v‡_©B Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wji cÖwZ
wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ G‡K Ab¨‡K nZ¨v KwiI bv|--- mb¥vb cÖ`k©b Ges AbymiY K‡i Avcb cvc †gvPb I fvM¨
Ges †h †Kn nZ¨v [mxgv j••Nb] K‡i, Zv‡K Aek¨B MV‡b ‡`k I RvwZi kvwš—ev` (Bmjvg) cÖwZôvq m‡Pó nIqv
Av¸‡b `» Ki‡ev; hv Avj−vni c‡¶ AwZ mnR| DwPr|
2. Agv Kvbv-- nvwKg| [4:wbQv-92] A_©: †Kvb gI`y`x mv‡ne wK‡mi hyw³‡Z nvRvi nvRvi wbixn Avn¤§w` nZ¨v
gygxb‡K nZ¨v Kiv †Kvb gywg‡bi KvR b‡n, Z‡e K‡i‡Qb! hviv cÖwZc‡¶i Mv‡q †UvKvwU ch©š— †`bwb| ZviB
fyj ekZt Ki‡j Dnv ¯^Zš¿; Ges †Kn †Kvb D®‹vwb‡Z AbycÖvwYZ n‡q Dcgnv‡`‡k ee©i nZ¨vhÁ AvRI
gywgb‡K fyj ekZt nZ¨v Ki‡j GK gywgb `vm gy³ Ae¨nZ i‡q‡Q! KwZcq AbymvixMY †Kviv‡bi mnR mij
Kiv Ges Zvi cwiRbeM©‡K i³cY Ac©Y Kiv wea„Z weav‡bi wei“‡× †Kb Ges wK‡mi ¯^v‡_© gI`y`x mv‡n‡ei
Ri“ix; hw` bv Zviv ¶gv K‡i| hw` †m †Zvgv‡`i e¨w³ `k©b MÖnY Ki‡jb! Zv Zv‡`i Avcb ¯^v‡_©B cybwe©‡ePbv
kΓ c‡¶i †Kvb gywgb nq Z‡e GK gywgb `vm gy³ Kiv DwPr|
Kiv Ri“ix| Avi hw` †m Ggb GK RvwZi nq hvi
m‡½ †Zvgiv Pzw³e× Z‡e Zvi cwiRbeM©‡K ***
i³cY Ges gywgb `vm gy³ Kiv DfqB Ri“ix Ges
†h msMwZnxb †m GKvw`µ‡g 2 gvm †ivRv cvjb
Ki‡e| AbyZß I Aby‡kvPbvi (ZIevi) Rb¨ Bnv
Avj−vni e¨e¯’v Ges Avj−vn me©Á, cÖÁvgq|
3. wgb AvR‡j-- jvgyQ‡idzb| [5:gv‡q`v-32] A_©:
G Kvi‡Y ewb-BmªvBj‡`iI GB weavb wQj ‡h,
nZ¨vi cwie‡Z© nZ¨v Ges `ywbqvq aŸsmvZ¡K KvR
Kiv Qvov ‡KB KvD‡K nZ¨v Ki‡j †m †hb `ywbqvi
mKj gvbyl‡KB nZ¨v Kij Avi †KD Kv‡iv cÖvY
i¶v Ki‡j †m †hb `ywbqvi mKj gvby‡li cÖvY
civ‡_©
i¶v Kij| beg Aa¨vq
206

Dci †Kvb cÖfve we¯—vi K‡i bv| cvVK‡`i mvaviY


67 Aviex fvlv AeMwZi Rb¨ Aviwe, D`©y, wnw›`, wneª“, dviwm BZ¨vw` fvlv
wgkª‡Yi wKQy D`vniY †`qv n‡jv hv †Kviv‡b ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q:
kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm: Aviex Avj−vni fvlv, †d‡i¯—vi fvlv, AvBb, Avwgb, Av‡Li, Av`g, Av`j, Avim, Bqv`,
†Kviv‡bi fvlv, †e‡n¯—-†`vh‡Li fvlv; Kei-‡Kqvg‡Zi Cgvb, BbQvb, GwZg, Iqv³, †KZve, KZj, Kzimx,
fvlv, ag©-K‡g©i fvlv Z_v gymjgv‡bi fvlv BZ¨vw`| wKš‘ Kzievb, LZg, RvbœvZ-Rvnvbœvg, wRbv, Z‡ej, ZixKv,
Ggb Cgvb-Avgvb _vKv m‡Ë¡I AvR 15 kZ erm‡ii `ywbqv, QveZ, b~i, wbqZ, bvev, wbKvn&, Øxb, †`vqv,
g‡a¨I we‡kl K‡i evsjvi kZKiv GK fvM Av‡jg nvw`m, nK, diR, †gv‡RRv, kive, kvn`Z, kixd,
Avj−vgv‡`iI ïay cov Ges gyL¯’ Kiv Qvov Aviwe fvlvi †kvKi, m`Kv,Av‡iv AmsL¨|
Dc‡i †KvbB `Lj †bB| Aviex fvlv Ab¨vb¨ fvlvi gZB GK RvwZi fvlv| GB
c¶vš—‡i Zviv hLb IqvR bwQnZ digvb †h, Ke‡i fvlvq Kvev N‡ii 360wU g~wZ© c~wRZ n‡Zv Avi GB fvlv
†d‡i¯—v G‡m gyÏvi‡K cybt †R›`v K‡i ewm‡q Aviex‡Z w`‡qB †mB g~wZ©¸wj weZvwoZ n‡qwQj| Aviex fvlv Avey
QIqvj RIqve Ki‡eb, Ò‡Ziv/†Zix ie †Kvb& n¨vq? †h‡n‡ji fvlv, Avãyj−vn Be‡b DevBi fvlv; AZtci
†Zvg‡Kv bex †Kvb& n¨vq? †Zvg‡Kv Øxb †Kvb& n¨vq?Ó [DÏ©y, gnvbexI fvlv| †gŠjev`x Z_v †Nvi ag©vÜ, Kv‡di Avey
wnw›` fvlv!] A_ev hLb eB c‡Î †jLv †`wL †h, Ò†gvKv‡g †h‡nj GB fvlv w`‡qB Avj−vni bex‡K a‡g©v‡`ªvnx e‡j
gvngy`vq †d‡i¯—vMY mvwie× n‡q gvney‡e †Lv`vi ïfvMg‡Y Rxebfi `ytL Kó w`‡q‡Qb| Mvq MZ‡i †gvm‡jg †m‡R
eyj›`z K‡Ú †M‡q DV‡jb, ÒevjvMvj Djv †e Kvgvjxnx, GB fvlv w`‡qB GwR‡`i †Mvôx bex esk‡K mg~‡j wbcvZ
KvmvdvZ †`vRv †e Rvgvjxnx, nvQybvZ Rvwgqv †LQvjxnx, K‡i‡Q| GB fvlv RvwZ, ag©, eY©, Kv‡di, †gvbv‡dK,
Qvj−yû AvjvB‡n A Av‡jnx|Ó [†kL mvÕw`i iwPZ KweZv]| †gvm‡jg, †gv‡gb, Bûw`, wLª÷vb, †e`yCb wbwe©‡k‡l
ZLb Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i Cgvb-Avgvb I ag© Ávb m¤^‡Ü Ab¨vb¨ fvlv-fvlxi gZ Avie RvwZi fvlv| ÔfvlvÕ ej‡Z
mvaviY gvby‡li m‡›`n RvMvUv GKvš— ¯^vfvweK e‡U! fvlv wn›`y, †gvm‡jg, Kv‡di, †gvbv‡dK eySvq bv|
ev ag©Ávb m¤^‡Ü A¶i Ávb _vK‡j Ggb nvm¨Ki eqvb ‡Kviv‡bi fvlv Aviex bq eis Aviex fvlvq †Kvivb;
digvB‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| g~jZt GB Zv¾e `vex `vIqvi †Kviv‡bi fvlv-evK¨ †Kvivb bq eis Zvi gg©v_© DcjwãB
c‡¶ †Kviv‡bi we›`ygvÎ mg_©b †bB, eis †Nvi we‡iva| g~j †Kvivb; Dcjwãi †Kvb fvlv †bB Ges DnvB Avj−vni
we‡k¦ Ggb †Kvb fvlv †bB hv ¯^Zš¿ I ¯^qs m¤ú~Y©| fvlv; Avj−vni fvlv Ávb-weÁvb, a¨vb-mvab, Kg©-
eis mKj fvlvi m‡½ mKj fvlvi Kg-†ewk mswgkªY M‡elYv, AZtci myi I kã| mKj Dcjwã ev †cÖibv ¯^
Av‡Q| Aviwe fvlvq AmsL¨ BsivRx, evsjv, wnw›`-D`©y- ¯^ gvZ… fvlvqB cÖKvk nq| myZivs Dcjwã Ges Dnvi
dvimx, wneª“ I AvivwgK fvlvi mswgkªY †`Lv hvq| GwU AbymiY Qvov ïaygvÎ gyL¯— we`¨vi †Qvqve ev djvdj
†`v‡li ev j¾vi wKQy bq| †Kvb& fvlvi, †Kvb& †`‡ki fqven!
gvby‡li Rb¥ Av‡M-c‡i, G RwUj cÖ‡kœi DËi †`‡ni †Kvb gnvbex Avieevmx I Aviex fvlx wQ‡jb e‡jB
A‡½i ev †Kvb ckgwUi Rb¥ Av‡M-c‡i, MÖn-b¶Î ev Aviex fvlvq Avj−vni ‡cÖibv evbx †Kvivb bvwRj nq|
†Kvb M¨vjvw·i Rb¥ Av‡M-c‡i! w`b Av‡M bv ivZ Av‡M, †Kvivb †`Lyb:
gyiwM Av‡M bv wWg Av‡M, mZ¨ Av‡M bv wg_¨v Av‡M BZ¨vw` AKvRv-wjKv AvDnvBbv -- | [42: ïiv-7] A_©:
cÖkœ¸wji DËi GKB iKg RwUj Ges A½vw½fv‡e RwoZ Gfv‡eB Avwg †Zvgvi wbKU Aviex fvlvq †Kvivb bvwRj
†nZz cÖkœwU Aevš—iI ejv hvq| KviY ag©vbykxj‡Y I‡`i K‡iwQ, hv‡Z Zzwg gK¡v I Zvi Avk-cv‡k hviv i‡q‡Q
207

[Avie fvlv-fvlx‡`i] Zv‡`i‡K mZK© Ki‡Z cvi| D”PviY Kivi m‡½ m‡½B [A_© Rvbv _vK‡j] ev½vjx‡`i
†h †`‡k Ges †h fvlvq bex-ivQyj cvwV‡q‡Q Avw`Kvj ü`‡q ÔcvwbÕ kã Abyw`Z n‡qB †iKW© nq| gvZ…fvlvi
†_‡KB wVK †mB †`‡ki fvlv‡ZB Hkx MÖš’ bvwRj Kiv ¸i“Z¡ I g~j¨vqY GLv‡bB| Ab¨ fvlv †kLv I Rvbvi A_©B H
n‡q‡Q| †Kvivb †`Lyb : mg¯— fvlv¸wj Avcb fvlvi k„sL‡j k„sLjve× Ki‡Z mg_©
Agv- AviQvjbv-- nvKxg| [14: Beªvnxg-4] A_©: nIqv| AZGe Avcb fvlv Qvov wbLyZ Rvbv †evSvi Avi
Avwg cÖ‡Z¨K ivQyj‡KB Zvi wb‡Ri RvZxq fvlv‡ZB Awn †Kvb weKí †bB, Avjer †bB|
cvwV‡qwQ, †hb Zv‡`i wbKU Dnv cwi¯‹vifv‡e eywS‡q KwZcq †ckv`vix Av‡jg I Abyev`KMY †h †Kvb
w`‡Z cv‡i| Avj−vn hv‡K B”Qv weåvš— K‡ib Ges hv‡K Abyw`Z †Kvivb‡K †Kvivb e‡jB ¯^xKvi K‡ib bv, Aviex
B”Qv mrc‡_ cwiPvwjZ K‡ib Ges wZwb civµgkvjx I †Kviv‡bi gZ mb¥vb ev ¸i“Z¡I †`b bv; D`vniY †`Lyb:
weÁvbgq| Attention Please: The Holy Qur’an is revealed
Aviex fvlvq Avj−vn †Kb †Kvivb bvwRj Ki‡jb, Zvi in Arabic so the Qur’an is only the Arabic Text not
hyw³ †`wL‡q ¯^qs Avj−vn †Kviv‡b †NvlYv K‡ib: its translation in any other language. [Ref: English
AjvD R¡vÕAvjbv-- K¡ziAv-bvb-- Avivweqy¨| [41: Translation of the Meaning of Al Qur’an; by Md.
nv wgg mvR`vn-44 ] A_©: Avwg hw` GB †Kvivb‡K we‡`kx Farooq-i-Azam Malik; Pub: The Institute of Islamic
fvlvq bvwRj KiZvg Z‡e Dnviv Aek¨B ej‡Zv, ÔBnvi Knowledge, Texas, America]
evK¨¸wj Avgv‡`i †evaMg¨ K‡i cvVv‡bv nq bvB †Kb ? weÁvcbwUi c‡¶ hyw³ †`Lvb †h, Aviex †Kvivb Awn
wK Avðh¨©! Avie †`kx ivQyj Avi we‡`kx fvlvq Awn! K‡i cvVv‡bv n‡q‡Q, c¶vš—‡i Abyev` Awn K‡i cvVv‡bv
Avj−vni msweavb wek¦ gvb‡ei, †Kvivb wek¦ gvb‡ei nq wb myZivs Abyev`‡K Ô†KvivbÕ ejv hv‡e bv| Zv‡`i
wKš‘ Aviex †Kvivb Aviex gvb‡ei; Dwj−wLZ AvqvZ wVK GB evjmyjf Amvi hyw³i hyw³ Av‡Q e‡U! Avi Zv n‡jv:
DnvB †NvlYv Ki‡Q| AbvieMY †Kvivb PvB‡j Zv‡`i Abyev`‡K Ô†KvivbÕ ej‡Z hv‡eB ev †Kb? Ô†KvivbÕ
gvZ…fvlvq Abyev` K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| ZvB AvR AmsL¨ fvlvq Aviex kã, Gi Abyev‡` †h fvlvq hv nq ZvB-B ejv
†Kvivbmn AmsL¨ g~j¨evb MÖš’ Abyw`Z n‡q‡Q Ges n‡”Q| DwPr|
hv‡`i aviYv Aviex †Kvivb Avi evsjv †Kviv‡b A‡bK †hgb: wLwÄi, Rvgvj, mvgmy A_©vr ïKi, DU, m~h©¨
ZdvZ, †mUv Zv‡`i ¶xY `yŸ©j mZ¨ aviYv e‡U| Z‡e BZ¨vw`| Awn Kiv ÔwLwÄiÕ Avi Abywy`Z ÔïK‡iiÕ g‡a¨
†Kviv‡bi Ô†gvnKvgvZÕ [Av‡`k-wb‡la myPK] As‡ki hviv cv_©K¨ Lyu‡R †eovb Zviv †Kviv‡bi Abyev` K‡iI
Abyev‡` cÖavbZt m‡›`‡ni †Kvb KviY †bB Ges †gv‡gb, Avgvi gZ MÛgyL©B i‡q †M‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq| c¶vš—‡i
†gvm‡jg †_‡K †e‡n¯— cÖvwß ch©š— GB AskB h‡_ó Ges Zviv Ô†Kviv‡biÕ Abyev` bv K‡i eis Ae©vwP‡bi gZ
BnvB †Kviv‡bi g~j| evKx Ask Ô†gvZvmv‡envZÕ [weÁvb, Abyev‡` Ô†KvivbÕ kãwUB e¨envi K‡i ¯^ we‡ivwaZvi
M‡elYv, fveev`] ; Aviex Rvbv _vK‡jI Dnvi g~j ¯^v¶i †i‡L‡Qb| mg~n Avqv‡Zi Abyev` Ki‡Z cvi‡j
welqe¯‘ D×vi Kiv GgbwK Aviexq‡`i ØvivI m¤¢e bq Ô†Kvivb, Avj−vn, gvjvKzZ, RvbœvZ-Rvnvbœvg, bwe-ivQyj
Ges m¤¢e nqwb| jvjb, iix›`ªbv_, bRi“‡ji A‡bK BZ¨vw` kã¸wji Abyev‡` evav †Kv_vq! mv‡o †PŠÏ kZ
KweZv, Mvb eo eo wkw¶Z ev½vjxMY AvRI eyS‡Z m¶g erm‡iI Zv †Kb Kiv nq wb! Ô‡KvivbÕ k‡ãi Abyev`
nqwb| ZvQvov †h hZB ci‡`kx we‡`kx fvlv wkLyK bv Ki‡Z whwb m¶g bb, †Kviv‡bi wfZ‡ii welqe¯‘ Abyev`
†Kb, hLb †m Zv c‡o A_© Rvbv _vK‡j Zvi gvZ…-fvlv‡Z Kiv Zvi c‡¶ †gv‡UB m¤¢e bq! Dciš‘ †Kviv‡bi
Abyw`Z n‡qB Zvi ü`‡q †iKW© nq| †hgb : ÔIqvUviÕ AwaKvsk ¸i“Z¡c~Y© k‡ãi e½vbyev` bv K‡i eis wn›`x,
208

DÏ©y,cvikx fvlvq Abyev` K‡i‡Qb, †hgb: †e‡n¯—, †`vhL, m„wó Ges †Zvgv‡`i wewfbœ fvlv I e‡Y©i ˆewPΨ| Bnv‡Z
bvgvR, †ivRv BZ¨vw`| Avi hw` Abyev`K ej‡Z Pvb †h, Ávbx‡`i Rb¨ i‡q‡Q A‡bK wk¶vi welq|
Aviex ÔwLwÄiÕ ej‡j A¶i cÖwZ 10 ¸Y †Qvqve n‡e, Dc‡ivwj−wLZ AvqvZ¸wji Dci Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i
c¶vš—‡i evsjvq ïKi ev Bs‡iwR‡Z Ôci&KÕ ej‡j cvc- mvgvb¨UzKzI hw` Cgvb Avgvb †_‡K _v‡K Z‡e, Avj−vn‡K
bvcvK n‡e ev wKQyB n‡e bv A_ev ÔwLwÄiÕ k‡ãi Abyev` Avj−vn ej‡Z n‡e Dcvm¨ ejv hv‡e bv; †Lv`v, MW, Ck¦i,
ÔïKiÕ mgv_©‡evaK ev mggv‡bi nqwb! †h‡nZz Zv Awn bq! fMevb, cÖfy ejv hv‡e bv| KviY Zv Aviex bq Ges
Ggb m‡›`n wb‡q Zviv wK D‡Ï‡k¨ Abyev` K‡i‡Qb! kã¸wji ¯¿x wj½ Av‡Q| kã¸wji wj½vš—i gvby‡lB
GKgvÎ †ckv`vix e‡jB wK bq? Avi GKwU hyw³ n‡Z cv‡i K‡i‡Q; Avj−vn K‡iwb| AZGe ÔAvj−vnÕ k‡ãiI ¯¿x wj½
†h, Aviex fvlvq Awn K‡i hv ejv n‡q‡Q Zv we‡k¦i †Kvb K‡i cÖPvi cÖwZôv K‡i †Kvb iK‡g GKevi Awfav‡b
Abyev`‡Ki c‡¶B wVK wVK Ges AweKj Abyev` Kiv m¤¢e wjLv‡Z cvi‡jB †Zv n‡jv| g~j¨evb K_v n‡jv, ÔAvj−vnÕ
bq| hyw³wU †Kviv‡bi †¶‡Î †hgb mZ¨; Kwe, mvwnwZ¨K, k‡ãi g‡a¨ hw` bvix ¯^Z¡ I bvix ZË¡ bv _v‡K Z‡e
`vk©wbK‡`i MÖ‡š’i †ejvqI Z`ª“c mZ¨| GgbwK Avie ÔAvj−vnÕ kãwU A‡a©KUvB Ac~Y© e‡j ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z nq; hv
fvlv-fvlx‡`i c‡¶I Aviex †Kvivb Z`ª“c mZ¨| Aviex wkiwK Aciva †nZz †gvm‡jg‡`i c‡¶ †kvfv cvq bv|
cwÛZ I †bZv Avey mywdqvb, Avey‡h‡nj Aviex †Kvivb ÔAvj−vnÕ kãwU bZzb Avwe®‹vi bq| Avie
ey‡S wb, AvieevmxMY AvRI †Kvivb †ev‡S bv| †cŠËwjK‡`i ¯^-¯^ †MvÎxq g~wZ© _vKvi c‡iI Kvev N‡i
GgZve¯’vq Avie wfbœ Ab¨ fvlx‡`i †Kvivb Rvbvi ev me©‡MvÎxq mgw_©Z I c~Rbxq GKwU g~wZ© wQj Zvi bvg wQj
†evSvi Avcb fvlvi Abyev` Qvov A‡jŠwKK †Kvb c_ ev AvÕjvZ, AvÕj−vZ, AvÕj−vnZ †_‡KB ÔAvj−vnÕ k‡ãi
gZ& Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| we‡`kxMY bv ey‡S DrcwË; wneª“ I AvivwgK fvlvq Zv Aj−v, Bjv, Bj−vn,
nvRvi evi Aviex †Kvivb co‡j hv bv cv‡e A_©vr †Qvqve Avjx, Gjx bv‡gI cwiwPZ|
(jvf) bv cv‡e, Zv Avcb fvlvi Abyw`Z †Kviv‡b m‡›`n erm‡i GKevi n‡¾i mgq ¯^ ¯^ †MvÎxq g~wZ©¸wj GB
_vK‡jI Zvi GKwU evYx co‡jB †ewk jvfevb nIqv AvÕj−vZ Gi ¯ú‡k© AvMvgx erm‡ii Rb¨ KvíwbK cweÎ,
Avjer m¤¢e; †h‡nZz †m wKQyUv n‡jI eyS‡e| cwiï×KiY I mg_©b Kíbv K‡i n¾ †k‡l ¯^ ¯^ g~wZ©
we‡k¦i mKj gnv g~j¨evb eB-cy¯—K Abyev` K‡i mKj wb‡q wd‡i †hZ| ÔbvgvRÕ kãwUI cvimxK‡`i Av¸b
fvlv-fvlxMY DcK…Z n‡”Qb| AZGe Rbve dvi“KxMY ¯^ cyRvi bvg wQj ; †gvm‡jg nIqvi c‡i Zviv Av¸b cyRvi
Abyev‡` Dwj−wLZ weÁvcb w`‡q Avcb wbe©yw×Zvi cwiPq AvbyôvwbKZv Z¨vM K‡i ÔbvgvRÕ‡K Avj−vni w`‡K i¾y
w`‡q Avj−vni evYx weµq K‡i A_© wVKB DcvR©b Ki‡Qb| K‡i; Z`ª“c AvÕj−vZ‡K Avj−vni w`‡K i¾y Kiv n‡q‡Q,
c¶vš—‡i Abyev‡`i Dci mivmwi m‡›`n †jcb K‡i Zv‡Z †`v‡li wKQy †bB|
†gvmjgvb‡`i Avi GK avc wcQ‡b †U‡b wb‡q‡Qb| kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm Avj−vn‡K Kwig ejv hv‡e, `vZv ejv
Avj−vn Z_v †d‡i¯—vMY G¨vivweqvb bb, Zv‡`i †Kvb hv‡e bv; b~i‡K †R¨vwZ ev Av‡jv ejv hv‡e bv; gvDb ev
wbw`©ó fvlv †bB| mKj fvlvB ZviB m„wó I mg-gv‡bi| gybv‡K wnw›`, DÏ©y I hy‡Mvk−vfxqvb fvlvq cvwb ejv hv‡e
hvi hvi ag©-K‡g©i fvlv Avcb Avcb gvZ…fvlv Ges Avcb wKš‘ evsjv fvlvq Rj ejv hv‡qR †bB! QvjvZ, wmqvg‡K
fvlv‡ZB hveZxq ag©-Kg© I QIqvj RIqve Ki‡Z n‡e| bvgvR, †ivRv ejv hv‡e wKš‘ evsjvq cÖv_©bv ev c~Rv,
†Kvivb †`Lyb: Dcevm ejv hv‡e bv; KwZcq ¯^-†NvwlZ Bgvg, Av‡jg-
Awgb Av-Bqv-wZwn-- Av-wjgxb| [50: iƒg-22] Avj−vgv‡`i Gmg¯— †Kvivb wei“× `vex-`vIqv¸wj wekvj
A_©: Ges Zvi wb`k©bvw`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg n‡”Q `„k¨-A`„k¨ ee©iZvi cwiPq|
209

G‡nb kwiq‡Zi wek¦vm: Aviex e‡Y© Òwem&wgj−vwni cwie‡Z© gvbyl iwPZ `yÕb¤^ix kwiqZ cvjb K‡i; †Kviv‡bi
ingvwbi ivwngÓ †Kvb cÎ cwÎKvq †jLv bvhv‡qR; KviY Acgvb Kiv nq ZLb, hLb †Kviv‡bi m‡½ e¨w³ I `jxq
Zv †KD †hLv‡b †mLv‡b ev Mvi‡eR K‡i w`‡Z cv‡i| iwPZ MÖš’vw`i kwiK Kiv nq; Aeg~j¨vqY Kiv nq ZLb
c¶vš—‡i GB GKB Ges AweKj D”PviY I mgv_© c~Y© hLb †Kviv‡bi fyj I Ac-e¨vL¨v Kiv nq| †Kviv‡bi
evK¨wU evsjv e‡Y© wj‡L Mvi‡eR Kiv hv‡qR Av‡Q! A_©vr †eB¾Zx Kiv nq ZLb hLb ag©v‡jvPbvq Avcb fzj-åvwš—
Zviv GUvB eySv‡Z Pvb †h, ÔïKiÕ kãwU D”PviY Ki‡jB †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡K cÖgvwYZ nIqvi c‡iI Avcb ¯^v_©,
cvc wKš‘ Aviex‡Z ÔwLwÄiÕ [ïKi] D”PviY Ki‡jB A¶i wnsmv I we‡Ø‡li Kvi‡Y Q‡je‡j I K‚U-‡KŠk‡j Bnv‡K
cÖwZ `k¸Y †Qvqve n‡e! A¯x^Kvi Kiv nq|
KvM‡Ri Rb¥ BwZnvm mK‡ji Rvbvi K_v| wKš‘ AvR †`o *
nvRvi eQ‡ii g‡a¨ KvMR ˆZwii Dcv`vb¸wj cvK-cweÎ
Kiv n‡qwQj wK bv! †Kvivb Qvcvi †gwkb¸wj ixwZgZ 68 ‡Kvivb msKjb weZ‡K©i D‡×©!
ARy-†Mvmj Kiv‡bv n‡qwQj wK bv! nv‡qR †bdvm I hybyex
[mnev‡m AcweÎ] bi-bvix Z_v weag©x‡`i Øviv Qvcv- evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ Ômsw¶ß
euvavB n‡qwQj wK bv! Kvwji g‡a¨ g` RvZxq Z_v nvivg Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ 1g L‡Û wewfbœ MÖ‡š’i eiv‡Z
wKQy wQj wK bv! ïq‡ii i³ ev Pwe© RvZxq wKQy †j‡M‡Q wK wj‡L‡Qb :
bv! Gmg¯— Lei`vwi Kivi Rb¨ AvR ch©š— we‡k¦ GKRb gvÎ 1. -- ivQyj [mv] Zvnvi RxeÏkv‡ZB Avj−vni Av‡`‡k
gydwZ Avj−vgvi Rb¥ nq wb| c¶vš—‡i, GKB K_v Aview †Kviv‡bi mgy`q Avqv‡Zi web¨vm-k„sLj wbiƒwcZ
e‡Y© wjL‡j Mvi‡eR Kiv bvhv‡qR Avi evsjv e‡Y© wjL‡j Kwiqv w`qvwQ‡jb Ges ¯^qs ivQyj [mv] I eû mvnvex
Mvi‡eR Kiv Rv‡qR Ggb mKj Av‡jg-Avj−vgv‡`i DwPr GBfv‡e m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb gyL¯— Kwiqv wQ‡jb--| [`ªª:
¯^-¯^ ¯¿x‡`i A_ev ¯^-¯^ wkï mš—vb‡`i wbKU A¶i Ávb msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kvl; c„: 70,336]
Z_v ag© ZË¡ wk¶v Kiv| Ávb AR©‡b G‡Z j¾vi wKQy †bB| 2. †Kviv‡bi eZ©gvb iƒc ivQyj [mv] KZ©„K wbw`©ó n‡q
AvieMY Aviex †jLv KvMR w`‡q U‡q‡jU K‡i _v‡K, wQj| -- nvw`m †_‡KI Rvbv hvq †h, ivQyj [mv]
cÎ cwÎKv Qvcvq, Aviex †jLv KvMR iv¯—v-Nv‡U, b`©gv- cÖ‡Z¨K ermi ivgv`vb gv‡m mgMÖ †Kvivb A_©vr H
cvqLvbvq, cv‡qi Zjvq c‡o _v‡K Ges †djv nq; Zv‡Z mgq ch©š— mgMÖ †Kvivb wReªxj GKevi K‡i Ges Zuvi
†Kviv‡bi †Kvb Aegvbbv nq bv Ges nq wb| †gŠjev`x Rxe‡bi †kl igv`v‡b mgMÖ †Kvivb wReªxj‡K `yB/wZb
Avey †h‡nj Mvq-MZ‡i, Rvgv-Kvc‡o †`L‡Z Rei`¯— evi ïwb‡q wQ‡jb| Bnv n‡Z ¯úó eySv hvq †h, ivmyj
Av‡jg-Avj−vgv I cxi mv‡ne‡`i gZB wQj; †Kviv‡bi [mv] Gi Idv‡Zi c~‡e©B †Kvivb gwR‡`i Qyiv I
cÖwZwU A¶i Z_v AmsL¨ AvqvZ Zvi ü`‡q Muv_v wQj, Zvi AvqvZ¸wji µg web¨vm wba©viY I wbw`©ó Ae¯’vq wQj
Aš—i evwni Aviex fvlvq ficyi wQj wKš‘ Avey †h‡n‡ji Ges †h mKj Qvnvexi †Kvivb gyL¯— wQj ZvivI H
†Kvb †Qvqve ev ag© Ávb nq wb; Avi ag© Z_v †Kviv‡biI µgvbymv‡i gyL¯— †i‡L wQ‡jb| [`ª: H, c„: 70,336]
wKQy hvq Av‡m wb| 3. ivQy‡ji mgqB Avqv‡Zi msL¨v MYbv Kiv nBqvwQj--
†Kviv‡bi Aegvbbv nq ZLb hLb Bnv ¯^xKvi K‡i -nvw`m nB‡ZI cÖgvwYZ nq †h ivQy‡ji RxeÏkvq
wKš‘ gv‡b bv; c‡o wKš‘ †ev‡S bv; †ev‡S wKš‘ ev¯—e †Kvivb gwR‡`i Avqv‡Zi msL¨v wbY©q Kiv nBqvwQj|
Rxe‡b cÖwZdjb K‡i bv; Aegvbbv Kiv nq ZLb hLb Zv [H, c„: 70,336]
Kvc‡o †cwuP‡q N‡ii m‡e©v”P Zv‡K e›`x K‡i †i‡L 4. gnvbex KZ©„K wjwLZ †Kvivb wewe nvdmvi gvidZ cÖvß
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n‡q nhiZ Imgvb Dnvi AvqvZ b¤^imn bKj K‡i m¤cÖ`vq Dwj−wLZ Kzwd g‡Zi †Kvivb AbymiY KiwQ; hvi
Avi‡ei mKj †`‡k †cÖiY K‡ib hv A`¨ewa cÖPvwiZ Avqv‡Zi msL¨v 6,236 wU| Avi wØZxqwU wek¦vm Ki‡j
I cÖwZwôZ Av‡Q| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 1g wReªxj KZ©„K cix¶v I ms‡kvab m¤^Üxq nvw`m¸wji Avi
LÛ; ÔAvqvZÕ I Ô†KvivbÕ Aa¨vq; c„: 70 I 336 ] †Kvb Aw¯’Z¡ i¶v Kiv m¤¢e nq bv| ZvQvov j−wLZ †Kvb&
†ekx w`‡bi K_v bq, cÖvq 50 ermi c~‡e©i Abyw`Z I g‡Zi †KvivbLvwb wReªxj KZ…©K cix¶xZ I ms‡kvwaZ Zv
cÖKvwkZ †h †Kvb †Kviv‡bi cÖvi‡¤¢ KqwU myiv, KqwU Kv‡iv Rvbv Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
cviv, gbwRj, i“Kz, †mR`v I AvqvZ, kã, †Ri, Rei, wewe Avqkvi g‡Z AvqvZ msL¨v 6,666wU| Zvi ¯^-c‡¶
†ck, Zvmw`` msL¨vi wnmvemn GKwU ¯^Zš¿ ZvwjKv GKwU HwZnvwmK `y`©vš— cÖgvY i‡q‡Q : ZrKv‡j Zzi‡¯‹i
_vK‡Zv Ges Zv‡Z Avqv‡Zi msL¨v 6,666wU D‡j−L kvlYKZ©v Avi‡ei Ljxdv bv‡g ivRv-ev`kv‡`i ïf `„wó
_vK‡Zv| wKš‘ AvaywbK cÖKvwkZ †Kviv‡b meB _v‡K wKš‘ AvKl©‡Yi Rb¨ †Kviv‡bi 6,666wU Avqv‡Zi cÖgvY I
AvqvZ msL¨v _v‡K bv| D`vniY ¯^iƒc evsjv‡`k BmjvwgK cÖZxK ¯^iƒc 6,666wU ¯^‡Y©i †gvgevwZ msewjZ gnv
dvD‡Ûkb KZ©„K cÖKvwkZ †Kvivb Ab¨Zg| Gi KviY AÁvZ g~j¨evb GKwU evwZ`vbx ˆZix K‡ib Kvev N‡i Dcnvi
I inm¨RbK e‡U! ejvevûj¨, †gveviK Kixg RIni †`qvi Rb¨| wKš‘ wewa evg, nVvr gymwjg exi Kvgvj
Abyw`Z †Kviv‡b AvRI 6,666wU AvqvZ †jLv Av‡Q; AvZvZy‡K©i AvMg‡Y ZyK©x †gŠjev` jÛ-fÛ nIqvi d‡j
†jLv Av‡Q Avkivd Avjx _vbfxi Abyw`Z †Kvivbmn †m cwiKíbv evwZj n‡q hvq| AZtci Kvgvj cvkv
AwaKvsk †Kviv‡b| wKš‘ †KvivbLvwbi AvqvZ msL¨v GKzb †ZvcKvcx wgDwRqv‡g H evwZ`vbxwU i¶Y K‡ib, hv
Ki‡j cvIqv hvq gvÎ 6,236wU; A_©vr 430 wU AvqvZ AvRI †mLv‡b A¶Z Ae¯’vq i‡q‡Q| ïay ZvB-B bq,
Kg! G¶‡Y †h †KD †h †Kvb †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ msL¨v ¸‡Y Imgv‡bi [iv] wjwLZ †KvivbI †mLv‡b i‡q‡Q|
Zvi mZ¨vmZ¨ cix¶v Ki‡Z cv‡ib| AwcÖq n‡jI mZ¨ c¶vš—‡i, AvR‡Ki †Kviv‡b †jLv _v‡K 6,666wU AvqvZ
‡h, GB mvaviY ev AmvaviY fyjwU AvR †`o nvRvi ermi [wewe Avqkvi gZ, wKš‘ Zvi msiw¶Z †Kvivb †bB], wnmve
hver †Kvivb bxi‡e mn¨ K‡i Avm‡Q! Ki‡j cvIqv hvq 6,236wU [Kzdx gZ] AvqvZ| nZevK
Gev‡i j¶¨Yxq wek¦‡Kv‡li wØZxq Z_¨: n‡jI mZ¨ †h, GB fzj Z_¨wU AvR †`o nvRvi eQi hver
Ò-- Avi‡ei wewfbœ A‡ji K¡vixMY †Kviv‡bi Avj−vni cweÎ †Kvivb bxi‡e aviY K‡i Av‡Q Ges
Avqv‡Zi msL¨v wba©viY K‡i‡Qb: Kzdx‡`i g‡Z: 6,236wU Avj−vgvMY Bnv †R‡b-ï‡bB †Mvcb K‡i Pj‡Qb| AZGe,
AvqvZ; emivevmx‡`i g‡Z: 6,216wU AvqvZ; evwK 430 wU AvqvZ †K, KLb Ges wKfv‡e Mv‡qe Ki‡jv
wmixqvevmx‡`i g‡Z: 6,250wU AvqvZ; BmgvBj Be‡b ev n‡jv, Zv cÖ‡Z¨KwU gymwj‡gi GKvš—fv‡eB †f‡e †`Lv
Rvdi g`bxi g‡Z: 6,214wU AvqvZ; g°x‡`i g‡Z: Ges Awej‡¤^ cÖ‡qvRbxq c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv AZ¨vek¨Kxq
6,218wU AvqvZ; nhiZ Avqkvi g‡Z: 6,666wU AvqvZÓ| e‡j g‡b Kiv DwPr|
[`ª: H, ÔAvqvZÕ Aa¨vq; c„: 70 ] †Kviv‡bi AvqvZ m¤^‡Ü Dwj−wLZ Z_¨ `yÕwU G‡K A‡b¨i
Av‡jvP¨ Z_¨ `yÕwU G‡K A‡b¨i wecixZ; A_©vr GKwU wecixZ Zv c~‡e©B Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| GB ˆecixZ¨
AciwU‡K wg_¨v, fzj Z_v KvíwbK e‡jB mv¶¨ †`q| avgvPvcv †`qvi Rb¨ A_ev wbixn Rbmvavi‡Yi `„wó åg
cÖ_gwU hviv wek¦vm Ki‡eb, Zv‡`i Aek¨B wek¦vm Ki‡Z Kivi Rb¨ Ômsw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡liÕ 15 Rb Av‡jg-
nq †h, wReªxj KZ©„K ms‡kvwaZ †Kvivb AvR‡Ki we‡k¦i m¤úv`K, hv‡`i g‡a¨ 5 Rb W±‡iU, 1Rb Aa¨¶, 2 Rb
†KDB AbymiY Ki‡Qb bv; eis `j Dc-`j KZ©„K Abyw`Z Aa¨vcK I 1 Rb nv‡dRI i‡q‡Qb Ges evwKMY mK‡jB
†Kvivb mK‡jB AbymiY KiwQ; †hgb AvR‡Ki Avgiv Qybœx gbxlx, BmjvwgK wPš—vwe` BZ¨vw`; Zv‡`i mw¤§wjZ gš—e¨
211

n‡jv: ÒAvqv‡Zi Avi¤¢ I †kl †Kv_vq, GB m¤^‡Ü c„: 70]|


gZ‡f‡`i Kvi‡Y msL¨vq Giƒc ZviZg¨ n‡q‡Q|Ó [ `ª: H, AZGe, myiv evKvivi AvqvZ msL¨v nIqv DwPr †gvU
ÔAvqvZÕ Aa¨vq ; c„: 70] 281wU| c¶vš—‡i †mLv‡b Av‡Q †gvU 286 wU AvqvZ|
wek¦‡Kv‡li Z_¨ `yÕwU ci¯úi wecixZ Avi Av‡jg‡`i Z`ycwi gnvbexi wb‡`©k gZ †mB †kl AvqvZwU †mLv‡b
mw¤§wjZ gš—e¨wU wÎcixZ e‡U! Ggb wK‡kvimyjf gš—e¨ mwbœ‡ewkZ Kiv nq wb| Av‡iv cÖKvk _v‡K †h AwZwi³ 5wU
Zv‡`i ag© Ávb I `~i`k©xZv m¤^‡Ü nZvkv e¨³ Kiv Qvov AvqvZ myiv evKvivq wKfv‡e! wK K‡i! Ges †Kv_v †_‡K
Avi †Kvb c_ †Lvjv †bB| KviY Dc‡iv³ weei‡Yi m‡½ Xz‡K co‡jv, †Kb co‡jv GB HwZnvwmK cÖkœwU AvRI
gš—e¨wUi †Kvb wgj †bB| G‡`i m¤^‡Ü †Kvb gš—e¨ Kivi †Mvcb i‡q‡Q|
`ytmvnm Avgvi gZ g³‡ei Aa¨vc‡Ki c‡¶ †kvfv cvq 2. nhiZ Dweq¨vi [iv] cÖwZwjwc‡Z 2 wU myiv AwZwi³
bv| Z‡e, giûg AuvKivg LuvÕi Ô†gv¯—dv PwiZÕ Gi †jLv wQj| [`ª: H,c„: 336, 338]
†QvÆ GKwU NUbv g‡b c‡o| wZwb wj‡L‡Qb †h, Rxe‡b 3. Be‡b gvmyD` [iv] Gi cÖwZwjwc‡Z myiv bs 113 I
GKeviB gvÎ Av‡jg‡`i m‡½ ag©-Z‡K© †n‡i Rvb| †Kvb 114 weØgvb wQj bv| [`ª: H, c„: 336, 338]
GK MÖv‡g Luv mv‡ne ev‡n‡R [ag©xq weZK© mfvq] AeZxY© 4. kxqv‡`i g‡Z nhiZ Avjx [iv] I Zvi es‡ki [bex
nb| cÖm½µ‡g Av‡jgMY `vex K‡ib †h, Avjx [iv] iv‡gi es‡ki] †kªôZ¡ m¤^Üxq AvqvZmg~n GgbwK myiv mg~n
ivRZ¡Kv‡j fvi‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb; Zvi cÖgvY ¯^iƒc Av‡jgMY †Kvivb †_‡K ev` †`qv n‡q‡Q, h_v : (K) myiv Avj-
GKLvwb eû cyiv‡bv g¯— eo cyuw_ MÖš’ G‡b Luv mv‡n‡ei byivqb I (L) myiv Iqvjvqv| [`ª:msw¶ß Bmjvgx
mvg‡b c‡o †kvbvb| Zv‡Z †jLv wQj: ÔAvjx Avi exi wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„: 336, 338]
nbygvb/A‡hva¨vq gnv hy×/†`v‡bv c‡jvqvY|Õ AZtci †KD 5. nhiZ Imgvb [iv] †Kviv‡bi †h cÖwZwjwc cÖ¯‘Z
KvD‡K nviv‡Z cv‡iwb e‡jI Zv‡Z D‡j−L Av‡Q! †KZv‡ei KwiqvwQ‡jb-- H wjLb c×wZ GLbI cÖPwjZ
GB eqvb ï‡b Ges ¯^P‡¶ g¯—eo †KZve †`‡L Dcw¯’Z i‡q‡Q| †Kviv‡bi H cÖwZwjwc‡Z byKÕZv: I ¯^i wPý
Av‡jgMY mg¯^‡i wb‡R‡`i c‡¶ Rq Rq †NvlYv K‡ib| wQj bv, d‡j AbAvie‡`i c‡¶ H †Kvivb ï×fv‡e
[`ª: †gv¯—dv PwiZ: AvKivg Luv] cvV Kiv KwVb wQj| `ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g
Imgv‡bi [iv] Rxeb †`qv i‡³ iwÄZ †Kvivb AZtci LÛ, c„: 336, 338]
gyqvexqv [iv] I Zuvi †mbvcwZ Avgi Gebyj Avm& [iv] KZ©„K [cieZ©x‡Z †bv³v I KviK wefw³ ms‡hvRb Kiv Avj−vn-
†Kviv‡bi ey‡K †bRv-ej−g we× †_‡K ïi“ K‡i DgvBqv I ivQyj, wReªxj Z_v †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi B”Qv I Kv‡Ri
AveŸvmxq ivRZ¡Kv‡j cweÎ †Kvivb wb‡q †h wQwbwgwb Dci mvaviY gvby‡li AbwaKvi n¯—‡¶c| †Kviv‡b †bv³v,
†Ljv n‡q‡Q, Zv Ab¯^xKvh©| KviK wefw³ ms‡hvRb Kiv nq †Lvjvdv‡q iv‡kØx‡bi cÖvq
msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦ †Kv‡li wbæ ewY©Z cybt Z‡_¨ Zv 140 †_‡K 350 ermi c‡i|]
Av‡iv k³ K‡i cÖgvY K‡i : 6. †Kviv‡bi cÖvgvY¨ cvV mywba©vwiZ ivLvi Rb¨ DgvBqv
1. Zdwm‡i evq`ex‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q †h, myiv evKviv‡Z hy‡M Aviex eY©gvjvi mgiƒcx eY©mg~‡ni wewfbœZv myPK
281 wU AvqvZ Av‡Q| Be‡b AveŸvm [iv] †_‡K ewY©Z by³v: wPý [we›`y] cÖhy³ nq| GZبZxZ ¯^iwPýmg~n I
n‡q‡Q †h, AwaKvs‡ki g‡Z †Kvivb gwR‡`i AeZxY© Zvbfxb ¯¿x wj½ m„PK Aš—¨ †Mvj ÔZvÕ, Avwj‡di
†kl AvqvZwU m¤^‡Ü nhiZ [`:] e‡jb, ÒBnv‡K e¨Äb eY©mg~‡ni wØZ¡‡evaK wPý [Zvmw``] I cÖPwjZ
evKvivi 280Zg ‡kl Avqv‡Zi c‡i mwbœ‡ewkZ Ki|Ó nq--| [`ª:msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„:
[`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ; ÔAvqvZÕ Aa¨vq; 336, 338]
212

7. -- cvV wePv‡ii GB gvb Abyhvqx mßKvixi cvV [I †jLv Av‡Q 67 Ges Ab¨ÎI Abyiƒc _vKv ¯^vfvweK|
†jLv] Bmjvgx mgv‡R cÖPwjZ wQj| eZ©gvb Kv‡j AZGe Gi †P‡qI ¸i“Z¡c~Y© fyj ev Qvcv fyj _vKv
Bnv‡`i `yÕR‡bi cvV gvÎ cÖPwjZ Av‡Q--| wgki Aev¯—e wKQy bq Ges Zv ¯^vfvweK †nZz kiwg›`v
e¨ZxZ Avwd«Kvi me©Î bvwdÕi cvV [†jLv] Ges wgk‡i nIqviI wKQy †bB|
I c„w_exi evwK As‡k nvd&‡mÕi cvV [†jLv] cÖPwjZ| gyLe‡›` mivmwi wbf©~j Qvcvi `vwe Ki‡Z mvnmx nbwb
[`ª:msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„: 336, 338]
8. ¯^i wPýmg~n cÖ_‡g e‡Y©i wewfbœ ¯’v‡b by³viƒ‡c wjwLZ eis fyj ¯^xKvi K‡i Ges Zv ms‡kva‡bi Rb¨ GgbwK
nBZ| Aóg kZvwãi ga¨fv‡M GB e¨e¯’v cwieZ©xZ 8g ms¯‹i‡YI cvVK‡`i Av‡e`b Rvwb‡q‡Qb|
Kwiqv ÔAvwjdÕ, ÔIqvIÕ, Ges Ôq¨vÕ Gi AbyKi‡Y 10. Ôbv‡QKÕ ÔgbQyKÕ bv‡g kwiqwZ-gv‡idvwZ Ges
eZ©gv‡b e¨eüZ hei, †ck I †hi cÖewZ©Z nq| †Kn wkqv-Qybœx AmsL¨ ZdwQiKviMY †ek wKQy
†Kn †Kviv‡bi wjwc‡Z G¸wji e¨envi m½Z g‡b Avqv‡Zi Dci wjwLZ cÖgvbvw`mn Avw`Kvj †_‡K
K‡ib bvB| [`ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl, 1g LÛ, c„: m‡›`n ‡cvlY K‡i Avm‡Qb|
336-338] 11. Bgvg ev‡Ki [Avt] e‡jb, wZb k‡Zi Dci
9. (K) BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkbmn mKj Abyw`Z †Kviv‡bi †Kviv‡bi evK¨ ÔZvnixdÕ A_©vr Ôe`jÕ Kiv n‡q‡Q
ïi“‡ZB myiv dv‡Znvq †jLv Av‡Q: ÔweQwgj−v-wni hv Avn‡j evB‡Zi kv‡b wQj| Bnv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K
ivngv-wbi ivwngÕ c¶vš—‡i BDQyd Avjxi Abyw`Z
†Kviv‡b, †jLv Av‡Q: ÔweQ‡g Avj−vn Aviingvb Bgvg †bmvB 150wU ¯^ cÖgvb K‡i‡Qb| wmivZzbœex
Aviivwng|Õ 113 wU myivi D”Pvi‡Y, wjLb-cV‡b A_©vr bexi PvwiwÎK ¸YivwR †h mKj ev‡K¨
Abyiƒc cv_©K¨ weØgvb| Dwj−wLZ wQj Zv‡`i ga¨ †_‡K 114wU evK¨ e`j
L) H GKB MÖš’؇q Qyiv evKvivi cÖ_g AvqvZ Avwjd- Kiv n‡q‡Q| G mKj ev‡K¨i A‡bK¸wj Be‡b
jvg-wgg Gi Dc‡i Zvmw``mn `yÕwU eo g` Av‡Q Kvwmi Zvi Zdmx‡i UxKv‡Z cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| wK
c¶vš—‡i BDQyd Avjxi Abyw`Z †Kviv‡b Zvmw`` †bB wQj Ges Dnvi ¯’‡j wK Av‡Q Zv wZwb cÖgvb
Av‡Q gvÎ `yÕwU eo g`; ZvQvov GgbI †Kvivb Av‡Q K‡i‡Qb| AmsL¨ D`vni‡Yi g‡a¨ gvÎ 3wU D`vniY
hv‡Z Avwjd jvg wg‡gi Dci †Kvb niKZ&B †bB| j¶bxq:
M) Abyiƒc Djv-BKv wjL‡Z MÖš’؇q Avwj‡di Dc‡i ïay K) Qyiv Avnhv‡ei cÖ_g evK¨wU Giƒc wQj: Bqv
†ck c¶vš—‡i BDQyd Avjx wj‡L‡Qb Avwj‡di Dc‡i
nvgRv AZtci †ck| mgMÖ †Kviv‡bi cÖwZ jvB‡b AvBqynvb bvex Kzj GËvwKj−vnv Ajv ZzwZBj
Abyiƒc cv_©K¨ we`¨gvb Av‡Q| Gi A_© we‡k¦ `yÕiK‡gi Kv‡dixbv Aj †gvbv‡dwKbv--| A_©vr †n bex,
†jLv I D”PviY msewjZ †Kvivb cÖPwjZ! Kw_Z nq Avcwb [wek¦vmxMY‡K] e‡j w`b Avj−vn‡K fq
‡h, Imgv‡bi msiw¶Z †Kviv‡b GgbwK †Ri, Ki‡Z Ges Kv‡di I ‡gvbv‡dKMY‡K AbymiY bv
hei,†ck wKQyB †bB| Ki‡Z--| evK¨wU‡Z ÔKzjÕ A_©vr Ôe‡j w`bÕ
N) evsjvi 15/20 Rb †miv Av‡jg-Avj−vgv 8g evi K_vwU †d‡j w`‡q GB Qyivi cÖ_g wZbwU ev‡K¨
ms‡kvab Kivi c‡iI BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûk‡bi †Kviv‡b Dwj−wLZ †n`v‡qZ bexi Dc‡iB n‡qwQj e‡j
AvbKveyZ Qyivi i“Kz‡Z Avqv‡Zi msL¨v 69 Gi ¯’‡j Pvwc‡q †`qv nÕj| Bnv‡Z bexi PwiÎ AZ¨š— nxb
213

Ges mvaviY gvbe Pwi‡Î cwiYZ n‡q hv‡”Q| Giƒc L. c„: 200 (wgkixq cÖKvkbv)| cÖh‡Zœ: nvw`m
eû RvqMvq bexi wb®‹j¼ Pwi‡Îi g‡a¨ KZ †h mvwn‡Z¨i BwZnvm: mvÕ` Dj−vn&; c„: 108-116]
Kj‡¼i †iLvcvZ †Kviv‡b ˆZix K‡i †`qv n‡q‡Q 13. Wt ivkv` Lwjdvi bvg Rvbv Av‡Q| wZwb
Zv wPš—vkxj cvVK mn‡RB Abyaveb Ki‡Z m¶g A‡jŠwKK Ô19Õ msL¨vi mvnv‡h¨ KgwcDUv‡i
n‡q _v‡Kb hw`I cÖwZKvi Ki‡Z A¶g| †Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU Qyiv wbf©~jZv cÖgvb Ki‡Z
L) Qyiv Av‡j Bgiv‡bi cuvP b¤^i evK¨wU n‡jv: wM‡q Qyiv ZIevi †kl `yÕwU Avqv‡Zi Rb¨ c~Y©
Bbœvj−vnv jv BqvL&dv AvjvB‡n kvBDb wdj& Avi‡` wbf©~jZv cÖgv‡Y e¨_© n‡q‡Qb| ZvB wZwb H `yÕwU
AvqvZ gvby‡li ms‡hvRb Ges †Kviv‡bi bq e‡j
Ajv wdm& mvgv‡q| Bnv wbæi“‡c wQj e‡j Dwj−wLZ wbR‡K Avj−vni †cÖixZ ivQyj `vex K‡ib Ges
Av‡Q:ÔBbœvj−vn [bd&mv Bj−v Dmqvnv] jv BqvL&dv AmsL¨ hyw³-cÖgvb ‡`wL‡q AvqZØq bKj e‡j
AvjvB‡n kvBDb wdj& Av‡`© Ajv wdm& mvgv‡q|Õ cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i‡Qb| Ges Avj−vni Av‡`k †c‡qB
evK¨wU †_‡K Ôbdmv Bj−v Dm&qvnvÕ K_vwU ev` w`‡q wZwb 19 msL¨vi Av‡jv‡K †Kviv‡bi wbf~©jZv I
evK¨wU ivLv n‡q‡Q| wewfbœ fvlvq †Kviv‡bi Abyev` K‡i‡Qb e‡j `vex
M) A Bbœvû jv Gjgyb wjm&mvqvZ dvjv Zvg&Zvi“bœv K‡ib, hv‡Z cÖPwjZ me©‡gvU AvqvZ msL¨v 6666
†env A¯—v‡eDbx| nvRv wmivZzg †gv¯—vKxg| I 6236 Gi cwie‡Z© 6234wU wba©vib K‡i‡Qb;
[hyKi“L-61] A_©: Ges wbðq wZwb [Cmv] n‡jb [`ª: submission.org]
mvqv‡Zi Rb¨ Ávb, myZivs †Zvgiv Bnv‡Z m‡›`n AZtci:
14. †niv ce©‡Zi ¸nvq AeZxY© me©Rb ¯^xK…Z me©cÖ_g
†cvlY KwiI bv Ges Avgv‡K AbymiY Ki| BnvB AvqvZ-ÒBKiv wem‡g-Ó, †Kviv‡b ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q
†mvivZzg †gv¯—vKxg| †k‡li w`‡K 96 bs Qyiv ÔAvjv‡KÕ|
Be‡b gvMv‡Rbx dwK‡q kv‡dqx gbv‡K¡‡ei g‡a¨ Rv‡ei 15. me©Rb ¯^xK…Z †kl AeZxY© AvqvZ- ÒAvj- BqvIgv
web Ave`yj−vn Avbmvix †_‡K mb`mn D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb †h, AvKgvjZz---Ó, †Kviv‡bi GB †kl AvqvZwU ¯’vb
D³ 61 bs ev‡K¨ Avm‡j GBfv‡e bv‡Ri n‡qwQj: A Bbœv †c‡q‡Q †Kviv‡bi cÖ_g As‡ki 5bs Qyiv gv‡q`vi 3
Avjxqvb †jGjgy wjm-- ‡gv¯—vKxg| bs Avqv‡Z|
12. 3: Bgivb-144 bs Avqv‡Zi A_©: †gvnv¤§` GKRb 16. Qyiv dv‡Znv 5g myiv e‡j Kw_Z Av‡Q; A_P Zv
ivQyj e¨ZxZ b‡nb| wbðqB Zvi c~‡e© eû ivQyj emv‡bv n‡q‡Q me©cÖ_g|
MZ n‡q‡Qb| hw` wZwb g‡i hvb A_ev KZj 17. g°v-gw`bvi AeZxY© Qyiv¸wj mgqKv‡ji wnmve g‡Z
µg web¨vwmZ Ae¯’vq †bB| A_©vr gv`vbx Qyyiv¸wj
nb;†Zvgiv wK cðv`c` n‡q wd‡i hv‡e?--| †Kviv‡bi cÖ_g As‡k I gK¡x Qyiv¸wj †Kviv‡bi †kl
GB evK¨ †Kviv‡bi bq e‡j cÖvPxb As‡k ¯’vb †c‡q‡Q| AwaKvsk g°x Qyyivi g‡a¨ `yÕGKwU
ZdmxiKviM‡Yi wjwLZ Zdmxi †_‡K AvRI †Kvb wew”Qbœ gv`vbx AvqvZ, Abyiƒc gv`vbx Qyyivi g‡a¨I
†Kvb ZdmxiKvi gš—e¨ cÖKvk K‡i Avm‡Qb| [`ª: `yÕGKwU wew”Qbœ gK¡x AvqvZ mwbœ‡ewkZ Kiv Av‡Q| [`ª:
10,11,12: Zdmxi `y‡e© gbmyi: 2q L.c„: 140; wcK_j Abyw`Z †Kvivb]
Zdmxi Kvk&kvd 1g L. c„: 390; Zdmxi Kwei 3q 18. ‡kvbv hvq †h, m¤úwË e›U‡bi Avqv‡Z g~j m¤úwËi
†P‡q Askx`v‡ii Ask †ekx n‡q hvq| A_©vr
214

D`vniY¯^iƒc: g~j m¤•wË hw` nq Ô12Õ, Askx`v‡ii nq‡Zv nvwi‡q †M‡Q bZzev ÔAÕ Gi iƒcK A_© D×vi Ki‡Z
Ask †hvM Ki‡j nq Ô14Õ| A_©vr 12 fv‡Mi 14 fvM! n‡e!
AsK kvmªwe`MY m¤úwË e›U‡bi AvqvZ¸wj M‡elYv 20.Ò†KvivbÓ Gi bvgKiY ÔAvj-†KvivbÕ, Ô†Kvivb
K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡ib| kwidÕ, ÔAvj †Kvivbyj KwigÕ, ÔcweÎ †KvivbÕ,
D Dwj−wLZ wel‡qi me¸wji †¶‡Î e¨w³MZfv‡e GKgZ bB| ÔgvÕ†idzj †KvivbÕ, ÔZvweRv‡Z †Kvivb,Õ ÔMwiqvb
ZeyI ewY©Z n‡q‡Q GKgvÎ kwiq‡Zi Rb¨| †KvivbÕ BZ¨vw` ms‡hvRb¸wj wb®cÖ‡qvRb ev A‡nZzK
19.A‡bK myiv Av‡Q, hv ÔAÕ A_©vr ÔGesÕ kã w`‡q ïi“ ejv hvq| H mg¯— ms‡hvRb¸wj wnRwi 1000 ermi
Kiv n‡q‡Q| cÖvq mgMÖ †Kviv‡bB ÔAÕ Gi A_© ÔGesÕ c‡i n‡q‡Q e‡jB g‡b nq| Avj−vn, †Kvivb, ivQyj-
ÔmyZivsÕ ÔAZGeÕ ÔA_evÕ BZ¨vw` Kiv n‡q‡Q wKš‘ bex BZ¨vw` ¯^qs m‡e©vP¨ bvg-¸YevPK kã, Bnv‡`i
†Kviv‡bi †k‡li w`‡Ki †ek wKQy Qyivq ÔAÕ Gi A_© cybt AwZ¸Y cÖKv‡ki kã AvRI Avwe¯‹vi nqwb,
Kiv n‡q‡Q Ôkc_Õ ev ÔKmg,Õ hw`I cÖK…Z kc_ A‡_© Ò†KvivbÕ k‡ãi ¸Yv¸Y ev e¨vL¨v Qvov H bvgwUi m‡½
ÔKmgÕ kãwU †Kviv‡b Ab¨Î D‡j−L Av‡Q, †hgb: dvjv Ggb ‡Kvb ms‡hvRb †bB|
DK¡wQgy wegvIqvwK¡ÕBbœy¾yg [56: IqvwKqv-75] A_©: 21.114wU Aa¨vq I Bnv‡`i bvgiKYmn Awn bvwRj nqwb;
kc_bvgv b¶ÎivwRi A¯—vP‡ji| ABbœvû jvK¡vQvgyj−vD m¤¢eZt Imgv‡bi †Kvivb †evW© H¸wj ms‡hvRb
ZvÕjvgybv AvRxg [56; IqvwKAv-76] A_©: Aek¨B Bnv K‡ib|
GK gnv kc_, hw` †Zvgiv Rvb‡Z-| welq¸wj iƒcK; cÖKvk _v‡K †h, GZ¸wj NUbv N‡U‡Q kwiq‡Zi g‡Z
KviY ¯^qs Avj−vni hw` †Kvb wKQyi kc_ ev †`vnvB KwíZ wReªvBj KZ©…K 2 evi †Kvivb ms‡kvab Kivi
w`‡q Awn bvwRj Ki‡Z nq ! Z‡e Zv Avj−vni Rb¨ c‡iB; hv ivQyj Rv‡bb bv, AveyeKi, Igi Rvb‡Zb bv;
eoB AcgvbRbK e‡U! KviY Kmg Kiv nq Zzjbvq GgbwK Avjx RxexZ _vK‡ZI Rvb‡Zb bv|
wb‡Ri D‡×©i I AwaK wek¦¯’ GKUv wKQyi| ZvQvov ¯^qs ¯§iYxq †h, Dwj−wLZ aviYv,m‡›`n, hyw³-cÖgvb Ges
Avj−vn wb‡RB †Kviv‡b †Nvlbv K‡i †h, Ò hviv K_vq weZK©vw` DÌvcY K‡i‡Qb hviv, Zviv cÖavbZt wn›`y, L„óvb
K_vq Kmg K‡i Zv‡`i wek¦vm KwiI bv|Õ [68: ev Bûw` bb eis mK‡jB wkqv-Qybœx cÖg~L ¯^-‡NvwlZ Bgvg
Kvjvg-10] myZivs Avj−vi ¯^qs Nb Nb Kmg Kivi I bv‡q‡e ivQyjMY|
my‡hvM †Kv_vq! K‡qKwU D`vniY †`Lyb: 22.me‡P‡q D‡j−L‡hvM¨ cÖgvY n‡jv m¤úwË e›U‡b Ôg`b
K) ˆeKv‡ji kc_| L) QyUš— †Nvovi kc_| M) Zxb d‡ji wgivmÕ avivwU| Ôg`b wgivmÕ A_©vr `v`vi RxweZve¯’vq
kc_, RvBZz‡bi [RjcvB] kc_, wmbvB ce©‡Zi evevi g„Zz¨ n‡j `v`vi m¤úwË †_‡K wPiZ‡i ewÂZ
kc_| N) wbivc` bMixi kc_| O) c~e©v‡ýi kc_| P) n‡Z nq; hw`I bvwZ `v`vi i‡³i Ges esk bv‡gi
kc_ iRbxi hLb Dnv nq wbSzg| Q) kc_ m~‡h©i Ges DËivwaKvi Ges Zvi m¤úwËi DËivwaKvixi AwaKvi
Dnvi wKi‡Yi| R) kc_ P‡›`ªi hLb Dnv m~‡h©i c‡i wb‡qB Ghver evevi m‡½ †fvM K‡i AvmwQj| wKš‘
Avwef©~Z nq| S) Dlvi kc_| T) kc_ AvKv‡ki Ges evevi AKvj g„Zz¨i m‡½ m‡½ GwZg wkï ivZvivwZ
b¶‡Îi BZ¨vw` BZ¨vw`| [`ª: †Kviv‡bi †klvs‡ki Kc`©KnxY c‡_i wfLvix e‡b †Mj; A_©vr cy‡Îi g„Zz¨i
KwZcq Qyiv] Kvi‡Y GwZg bvwZi Dc‡i Lvovi Nv! wKš‘ fyBqv,
cÖavbZt ÔA ev GesÕ kãwU `yB ev‡K¨i hy³v¶i; Dnvi c~‡e© Rwg`vi, ZvjyK`vi BZ¨vw` esk bv‡gi DËivwaKvimn
GK ev GKvwaK kã ev evK¨ Aek¨B Av‡Q ev wQj! AvwZ¥qZvi m¤úK© i‡qB †Mj| wbwin, AeyS GwZ‡gi
e¨vKi‡Yi myÎ g‡Z Dnv Ab¯^xKvh©! AZGe †m evK¨¸wj Dci GB A_©‰bwZK wb‡lavÁv, hyjyg, AZ¨vPvi
215

‡Kviv‡b ms‡hvM wK we‡qvM Zv †f‡e †`Lv Ab¨vq bq cÖvq wKQyUv Sz‡K c‡owQ‡j| [17: ewb-BmªvBj-74]
eis †Qvqve| O. Ávb cÖvwßi ci Zzwg hw` Zv‡`i †Lqvj-Lywki AbymiY
†Kviv‡b m¤úwË e›U‡bi aviv¸wj GZB weZwK©Z Ges Ki Z‡e Avj−vni wei“‡× †Zvgvi †Kvb AwffveK I
m‡›`n hy³ †h gymwjg we‡k¦i `j-Dc`j¸wji g‡a¨ hZB mvnvh¨Kvix cv‡e bv| [2:evKviv-120]
gZwe‡iva _vKzK m¤úwË e›U‡bi weavb¸wj we‡kl K‡i P. -- Zzwg Avj−vni mwnZ Aci †Kvb Bjvn& w¯’i Ki bv,
g`b wgivm †¶‡Î mgfv‡eB Amš‘ó Ges Zv bv cv‡i Ki‡j Zzwg wbw›`Z I weZvwoZ n‡q †`vh‡L wbw¶ß
¯^Ztdz©Zfv‡e MÖnY Ki‡Z, bv cv‡i †`vh‡Li f‡q cÖwZev` n‡e|[ 17:ewb-BmªvBj-39]
Ki‡Z| MZ 14 kZ ermi hver †MvUv gymwjg wek¦ GB gnvbexi esk wbeskKvix Avgv‡`i c~e© cyi“l
weavbwUi wei“‡× Ae¨³ bxie gvbwlK msMÖvg K‡i Avm‡Q| DgvBqv,AveŸvmxq ‡gvmjgvbMY †Kvivb wb‡q wbtm‡›`‡n
Avj−vni A‡kl ingZ †h, e½ cxi I e½ exi, †k‡i N„b¨ ivR‰bwZK wQwb-wgwb K‡i‡Qb| Avcb ÁvwZ-‡Mvwôi
evsjv G. †K dRjyj nK `ytLRbK Ôg`b wgivmÕ AvBbwU g‡a¨ †h GZ i³viw³ K‡i‡Qb Zv ‡e`-MxZv, †Zvivn,
iwnZ K‡i evOvwj GwZg‡`i AwaKvi cybti“×vi K‡i Mm‡cj hy‡Mi †P‡qI N„bxZ wQj| bZzev Ljxdv ebvg
wPiw`‡bi Rb¨ gyw³ †`b| AvqvZwU †h cÖK…Zc‡¶B Ljxdv, †gvmjgvb ebvg †gvmjgv‡bi i‡³i ûwj †Ljvq
ms‡hvwRZ ev m‡¼vwPZ Zvi mv¶x enb K‡i ¯^qs kwiqZ mgMÖ Avief~wg iwÄZ n‡e †Kb! m`¨ RjR¨š— †KvivbxK,
ev †gŠjev`xmn mgMÖ gymwjg wek¦; KviY GKwU gvÎ e¨w³, †e‡nw¯— Pwi‡Îi (?) ‡gvm‡jg‡`i GZ AatcZb n‡Z
Av‡jg ev †`k nK mv‡n‡ei wei“‡× cÖwZev` bv K‡i eis cvi‡j Pvgovq ev KvM‡R †jLv GKwU MÖ‡š’i PwiÎ e`j bv
Avb›`wP‡Ë cÖKv‡k¨ ev AcÖKv‡k¨ ¯^vMZg Rvwb‡q‡Qb| Ggb n‡jI (!) GgbwK cy‡ivcywi D‡ë †`qv Av‡iv mnR Ges Zv
GKwU hyMvš—Kvix Ae`vb †i‡L‡Qb Ck¦i P›`ª weبvi Zv‡`i cÖ‡qvRbI wQj| GRb¨B Zv‡`i iPbv Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q
mvM‡ii cÖ‡Póvq ivRv ivg †gvnb iv‡qi mZx`vn cÖ_v ïay `yÕb¤^ixB bq [nvw`m]! AZtci `y‡qi wcQ‡b wZb
wejyß K‡i| [‡dKnv], Zvi wcQ‡b Pvi [GRgv], Bnvi wcQ‡b cvP
23. †h Lvq, nv¸-wcwc K‡i Ges Nygvq; †h R‡b¥ I g‡i [†Kqvm] Ges Dnvi wcQ‡b Qq b¤^i [d‡Zvqv]; hw`I †Kvivb
Ggb gvbyl †Kvb hyw³‡ZB fy‡ji D‡×© bq; bqB bq, †Nvlbv K‡i,ÔAvj−vni AvqvZ Qvov Ab¨ Kv‡iv nvw`m
†nvK bv †m bex-ivQyj, †`eZv-cqM¤^i| fyj bv AbymiY Kiv wbwl×; [`ª: 45:evB‡qbv-6;77: gyiQvjvZ-
Ki‡j Rb¥-g„Zz¨ nq bv| Bnv m„wói ˆewkó¨ I mªóv 50|]
†_‡K cv_©K¨| gnvbex ¯^qs KLbI KLbI m‡›`ncÖeY eZ©gvb †Kvivb ms‡hvwRZ wK ms‡KvwPZ Zv m‡›`nvZxZ
n‡Zb, nZvm n‡Zb m¤¢eZt f~jI Ki‡Zb; ZvB Avj−vn cÖgv‡bi Rb¨ cÖ‡qvRb GKRb bex-ivQy‡ji| AZx‡Zi
Zuvi m‡›`n `~i Kivi Rb¨ kvš—bv w`‡q‡Qb, mZK© mKj Hkx MÖš’B Abyiƒc i`-e`j, m‡›`n I weZwK©Z
K‡i‡Qb, †Zvev Kivi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb: n‡q‡Q Ges Zvi mwVK gxgvskvi Rb¨ †kl ch©š— GKRb
K. Avi wbðqB Zzwg wVK c‡_ AvQ| [43: hyLi“L-43] bexi AvMgY n‡q‡Q| A_©vr mKj bexMYB Zvi c~e©ewZ©
L. Zzwg †Zvgvi ΓwUi Rb¨ ¶gv cÖv_©bv Ki--| [40: bexi mZ¨Zvi mv¶x w`‡q GKB MÖÜLvwbi ms¯‹iY, msi¶Y
gywbb-55] K‡i‡Qb gvÎ| †gvnv¤§`I (mv) ZvBB K‡i‡Qb| A_©vr
M. hw` kqZvb †Zvgv‡K Kzgš¿Yv w`‡q cÖ‡ivwPZ K‡i Z‡e AZxZ mKj MÖ‡š’i mZ¨Zvi mv¶x wQ‡jb ci¤úivq
Avj−vni ¯§iY wbI--| [41: nv wgg mvR`v-36; 7: bexMY; AZGe †Kviv‡bi Rb¨I Ggb GKRb mv¶xi
Avivd-200] cÖ‡qvRb A‡hŠw³K bq|
N. Avwg †Zvgv‡K AwePwjZ bv ivL‡j Zzwg Dnv‡`i w`‡K A‡b‡K g‡b K‡ib †h, Zzi‡¯‹i †ZvcZvcx wgDwRqv‡g
216

iw¶Z Imgv‡bi msKwjZ †KvivbB mv¶x wnmv‡e h‡_ó! cwiZ¨vM bv K‡i eis AviI 17wU AvqvZ A_ev
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, ZzwK©MY GgbwK gymwjg wek¦ GB cix¶vq 19 msL¨vq wefvR¨ nq Ggb kZ kZ AvqvZ †hvM
AvMÖnkxj bv n‡jI e¨emvqx wLª÷vb Rbve gwim eyKvBwj ev we‡qvM Ki‡jI wgivK&j Ô19Õ msL¨vi Aw¯—Z¡
GB cix¶vwU K‡i †Kviv‡bi wbLuyZ mZ¨Zvi mv¶x w`‡”Qb| eRvq ivLv m¤¢e e‡U!
AZtci (m¤¢eZt) Wt ivkv` Ljxdv m¤cÖwZ cix¶v K‡i ZeyI Wt ivkv` Ljxdvi wbt¯^v_© hyMvš—Kvix M‡elYv
`yÕwU AvqvZ bKj e‡j †Nvlbv w`‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ ¶z`ª wKsev
e„nr †nvK cÖPwjZ `yB ai‡Yi †jLv I D”PviY msewjZ cÖksmvi `vex iv‡L! wKš‘ cÖavbZt Ô19Õ msL¨vq Zvi
†Kviv‡bi [ `ª: bvwd I nvd&mv / Rbve BDmyd Avjx ebvg wb‡Ri bvgwUI wefvR¨ nq e‡jB wb‡R‡K ivQyj `vwe
Ab¨vb¨] †Kvb&Lvwbi mZ¨Zvi mv¶x w`‡jb Zv †KnB D‡j−L Kivi †Kvb hyw³ †bB, KviY:
K‡ib wb| 1. ev½vjx, Bûw`, †cŠËwjK‡`i Ggb eû bvg Ô19Õ
ZvÕQvov me‡P‡q ¸i“Zi welq c~‡e©B Dwj−wLZ n‡q‡Q †h, msL¨vq wefvR¨ nÕ‡Z cv‡i| H msL¨vq wefvR¨
mvZ msKj‡bi cuvPwU msKjbB Imgv‡bi (iv) ‡Kvivb Zuvi wbw`©ó Rb¥ Zvwi‡L wZwb GKvB Rb¥ †bbwb|
†evW© hLb cÖKv‡k¨ R¡vwj‡q †`b, ZLb D”Pvwfjvmx, `ya©l© 2. ¯^ `vexK…Z Avj−vni Aby‡gv`bµ‡g ‡Kviv‡bi wewfbœ
gyqvweqv, Avgi Gebyj Avm I N‡ii kΓ wefxlY Ni RvgvB fvlvq Abyev` cÖPwjZ Abyev‡`i Zzjbvq Lye GKUv
gviIqvb web nvKvg ¯^kwi‡i †R›`vB wQ‡jb| GLv‡bB †kl cv_©K¨ Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv|
bq, H †evW© Avjxi (iv) ¯^n‡¯— wjwLZ †Kvivb kZ
Aby‡iva m‡Z¡I cÖkœ‡evaK Kvi‡Y mivmwi cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡ib; 3. ev¯—weKB wZwb Avj−vni Aby‡gv`b †c‡j cÖavbZt
Kw_Z nq hv Awn bvwR‡ji avivevwnK µwgKKvj Abyhvqx c`¨ †Kviv‡bi Abyev` c`¨vKv‡iB Kivi †hvM¨Zv
†jLv wQj| _vK‡Zv|
B`vwbs KgwcDUv‡ii †`vnvB w`‡q †Kviv‡bi wbfy©jZv 4. wZwb Awn †c‡q ivQyj n‡q‡Qb ev †Kvivb
cÖgv‡Yi Awfbe I Ac-cÖPvi ïi“ n‡q‡Q; hvi D‡Øv³v W: Abyev‡`i AbygwZ †c‡q‡Qb e‡j hyw³ cÖgvb
ivkv` Ljxdv, whwb wbR‡K ivQyj `vex K‡iwQ‡jb| Zvi mnKv‡i †Kvb `vex DÌvcb Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb|
we‡ePbv Kiv DwPr †h: Zvi M‡elYv Zzjbvq g~j¨evb n‡jI cÖvq 2 wewjqb
1. wgivK&j Ô19Õ msL¨v w`‡q cÖ‡Z¨KwU myiv, Dnvi wkqv, Qybœx, Kvw`qvbx cÖf„wZi Dci †gv‡UB cÖfve c‡owb ev
AvqvZ msL¨vmn m¤ú~Y© †Kvivb µgvš^q Ges †gvU kwiqwZ we‡k¦i ms¯‹vi nqwb; GKgvÎ nvw`m mµvš— g~j¨evb
AvqvZ msL¨v wefvR¨ e‡jB Zvi wbf~©jZv ¯^cÖgvb M‡elYv Qvov| KviY Zviv Ô19Õ msL¨vi †f` QvovB 14 kZ
bvÕI nÕ‡Z cv‡i| KviY A¶i ev e‡Y©i msL¨v wVK ermi hveZ cÖavbZt †Kviv‡bi Dci †Kvb m‡›`n K‡iwb;
†i‡LI GgbwK wecwiZ A_©‡evaK AvqvZ bv Z‡e Agymwjg‡`i wek¦v‡mi Dci hw` wKQyUv cÖfve †dj‡Z
XyKv‡jI XyKv‡bv m¤¢e e‡U! m¶g nb Z‡eB n‡e Zvi M‡elYvi ¯^v_©KZv|
2. Qyiv ZIevi †kl `yÕwU Avqv‡Zi Kvi‡Y Ô19Õ Øviv KgwcDUvi GKwU †gwkb Ii g~j gw¯—®‹ md&UIqv‡ii gva¨‡g
XzKv‡bv ÔBbm&UªvKKkb,Õ hv Avw¯—K-bvw¯—K Ges kwiq‡Zi
wefvR¨ bv nIqv‡Z Zv cÖw¶ß e‡j ‡NvwlZ n‡q‡Q; fvlvq Kv‡di-†gviZv` Z_v gvbyl KZ…©K Avwe®‹…Z I
ZvB mgvavb ¯^iƒc H `yÕwU AvqvZ cwiZ¨vM wbqwš¿Z| Avw`Kvj †_‡K kwiqZ gvBK, K‡jiMvb,
K‡i‡Qb; hw`I AvqvZ؇qi A_© AvcwËKi ev †iwWI, †Uwjwfkbmn Avj−vni †bqvgZ weÁv‡bi hveZxq
†Kvb cÖKv‡ii ûgwK ¯^iƒc bq| wKš‘ AvqvZ `yÕwU Ae`vb †k‡iKx, Kzdix ev †e`vZ e‡j we‡ePbv K‡i
217

_v‡Kb, weÁvbx‡`i [cÖK…Z cxi-Avj−vgv] bvw¯—K Kv‡di M‡elYv Ki‡j e¨w³ ev mgv‡Ri mg~n Kj¨v‡Yi wb¶zZ iƒc-
e‡j MY¨ K‡ib, c¶vš—‡i KgwcDUvi‡K G¶‡Y bex-ivQyj ‡iLv D×vi Kiv m¤¢e; Aek¨ hw` †Kvivb w`‡q †Kvivb
ev Avj−vn Ávb Kiv kwiqwZ Cgvb-AvwK`vi Dci eyS‡Z †Póv K‡i Ges GUvB †Kviv‡bi †kªóZg †gv‡RRv|
wb‡RivB c`vNvr K‡i‡Qb; ïay ZvB bq eis cyZzj †Ljvi myZivs †R‡b-ï‡b mZ¨ †MvcY ivLv AZ¨š— Mwn©Z Ges
[†cŠËwjK] w`‡K Sy‡K c‡o‡Qb e‡jB g‡b nq| Aci w`‡K ¸i“Zi Aciva| †h‡nZz †KvivbB †Nvlbv K‡i:
Wt ivkv` Ljxdv‡K GB †gŠjev`xMYB cÖKv‡k¨ gmwR‡` ‡Zvgiv mZ¨‡K wg_¨vi mv‡_ wgwkªZ KwiI bv Ges †R‡b-
hvIqvi c‡_ nZ¨v K‡i‡Qb| Z‡`i g‡Z KgwcDUvi ï‡b mZ¨ †Mvcb KwiI bv| [`ª: 2:evKviv-42]
†Kviv‡b wbf©yjZvi mv¶x w`‡jI KgwcDUv‡ii Rb¥`vZv *
†Kvivb m¤^‡Ü wK mv¶x †`b Zv Zv‡`i Rvbv Av‡Q wKbv!
nvB‡Wªv‡Rb-Aw·‡Rb wPiš—Y, Dnv wgkv‡j cvwb nq ZvI 69 †gŠjex-gvIjvbv
wPiš—Y wKš‘ myÎwU †h KvM‡R †jLv Dnv nvB‡Wªv‡Rb-
Aw·‡Rb bq, wPiš—YI bq, myZivs KvM‡Ri cweÎ- Aviex ÔgvIjvbvÕ kã bq eis GKwU c~Y© evK¨; ÔgvIjvÕ
AcweÎZvi cÖkœI Aevš—i Ges Zv msi¶Y Kivi AwfcÖvq Ges ÔbvÕ| ÔgvIjvÕ A_©: cÖfz ev Avj−vn; ÔbvÕ A_©: Avgiv
Avj−vni †bB, m¤¢eI bq Ges BnvB wPiš—b| ev Avgv‡`i| GB evK¨wU †Kviv‡b eûevi e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q
cwi‡k‡l GUvB ej‡Z nq †h, hvB NUzK ev hvB iUzK,
AZxZ Hkx MÖ‡š’i Zzjbvq GB †KvivbMÖš’ wbLuyZ †kªô‡Z¡i Ges GKgvÎ ÔAvj−vnÕ A‡_©B e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q, †`Lyb:
`vex iv‡L, Zv byZb K‡i ejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv| Z‡e †m 1. Avš—v gvIjvbv dvbQyibv Avjvj KvI‡gj Kv‡dixb|
†hB-B †nvK, gbyl¨ Kg© m‡›`n ev weZ‡K©i D‡a© bq; gvbyl [2:evKviv-286]| A_©: ZzwgB Avgv‡`i GKgvÎ cÖfy
KZ©„K msKwjZ GKwU MÖš’ wbfy©j n‡Z cv‡i bv; n‡jI Zv [gvIjv] myZivs Avnv¤§K, ee©i, g~L©‡`i| [Kv‡di‡`i]
mvgwqK, wPiš—b bq| Kv‡ji weeZ©‡b,Ace¨env‡i c‡_ Avb‡Z Avgv‡`i mvnvh¨ Ki|
ms‡KvPb-ms‡hvRb ev we‡qvRb m¤¢e Ges ¯^vfvweK; GUvB 2. ev‡jj−vû gvIjvK¡zg A ûA LvBi“bœv‡Qixb| [3:Ggivb-
¯^Ztwm×| 150]| A_©: Avj−vn&B †Zv †Zvgv‡`i cÖfy [gvIjv] Ges
GKgvÎ †KvivbB bq! Avj−vn b¨vq-Ab¨vq, mZ¨-wg_¨v wZwbB †kªô mvnvh¨Kvix|
BZ¨vw` hveZxq wKQyiB mgvb msi¶K, wnmve i¶K; 3. Qy¤§v iƒÏy Bjvj−v‡n gvIjv K¡zgyj nv‡K¡| [6:Avb&ÕAvg-
†Kvivbmn AZx‡Zi mKj MÖš’B wZwb msi¶Y K‡i‡Qb
e‡jB AZx‡Zi nvRvi nvRvi ermi c~‡e©i BwZnvm 62] A_©: AZtci Zviv Zv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] Avj−vn&i
bex‡`i gva¨‡g cybt cybt cÖKvk K‡i Pj‡Qb; weÁv‡bi g‡a¨B [w`‡KB] Nwbf‚Z [cÖZ¨vwYZ] nq|
be be Avwe®‹vi Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q; hv †Kvb nv‡dR-K¡vix ev 4. A Bb ZvIqvj−vI dvAvjvgy Avbœvj−vnv gvIjvK¡zg,
MÖš’ msi¶Y K‡i wb| †Kvb bexB †Kvb cÖKvwkZ MÖš’ ev †bqvgvjgvIjv A †bqvgvbœvwQi“| [8: Avbdvj-40]|
nv‡d‡Ri AbymiY K‡ib wb ev wZj cwigvY gyLv‡c¶xI A_©: hw` Zviv wd‡i hvq Z‡e †R‡b ivL †h, Avj−vn&B
wQ‡jb bv Ges ¯^qs Avj−vn KMR Kjg ev nv‡dR-K¡vixi †Zvgv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] KZ DËg gvIjv [cÖfz] Ges KZ
g~Lv‡cLx bb| DËg mvnvh¨Kvix!
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †Kviv‡bi AviI wKQy wem„Z n‡jI nZvm 5. ûA gvIjvbv| [9: ZvIev-51] A_©: wZwbB Avgv‡`i
nIqvi KviY †bB| KviY †Kviv‡bi cÖ‡Z¨KwU Qyivi g‡a¨ gvIjv [cÖfz]|
Ggb wKQy AvqvZ ev myÎ Av‡Q hv AbeiZ a¨vb, mvabv I
218

6. ûA gvIjvK¡zg, dv‡bqvgvjgvIjv A †bqvgvbœvwQi| Zv‡Z wZj cwigvY wØgZ& †cvlY Kivi hyw³ I kw³ Avi
[22:nv¾-78] A_©: wZwbB †Zvgv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] KZ Kv‡iv †bB| G¶‡Y, ÔgvIjvbv †KivgZ Avjx QvBw`Õ A_©
DËg gvIjv Ges mvnvh¨Kvix wZwb| Avgv‡`i cÖfz ev Avj−vn †KivgZ Avjx QvBw`!! cÖKvk
7. Aj−vû gvIjvK¡zg| [66:Zvn&ixg-2] A_©: wZwbB _v‡K †h ÔQvBw`Õ kãwUI cÖfz ev Avj−vn mgv_©ÁvcK kã
†Zvgv‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz]| [†`Lyb: H, c„:126]|
8. RvwjKv †eAvbœvj−vnv gvIjvj−vRxbv Avgvby A Avbœvj cÖavbZ Bivb, cvwK¯’vb, AvdMvwb¯’vb, fviZ Qvov G
Kv‡dixbv jv gvIjv jvûg| [47: gynv¤§v`-11] A_©: †LZve †KD aviY K‡i bv Z‡e evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvq N‡i N‡i
Bnv GRb¨ †h, Avj−vn& f³‡`i gvIjv [cÖfz] Ges ÔgvIjvbvÕi Avwef©ve Ae¨vnZ i‡q‡Q| Avie‡`k¸wj‡Z
Kv‡di‡`i [ag©vÜ, g~L©‡`i] †Kvb gvIjv [cÖfz] †bB| evK¨wUi e¨envi †k‡iKx g‡b K‡i weavq Aviex †LZvewU
[†Kvb †¶‡Î ÔgvIjvÕi e½vbyev` ÔAwffveKÕ Kiv Avie‡`‡ki gvby‡li bv‡gi Av‡M e¨envi †`Lv hvq bv ev
n‡q‡Q, gyjZ ÔAwjÕ ev ÔAwKjÕ A_© AwffveK, ZvI K‡iB bv| mgMÖ Avie‡`‡k GKRb gvIjvbvI †bB!
†Kviv‡b D‡j−L Av‡Q e‡U]| evsjv‡`‡k Bmjvgx ev gv`ªvmv wk¶v †ev‡W© Avjxg,
Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ ÔgvIjvÕ Qvov ÔgvIjvbvÕ ev Ô†gŠjexÕ Kvwgj, dvwRj, gydwZ, nv‡dR, K¡vix BZ¨vw` †LZve Qvov
ej‡Z †Kvb kã †bB| msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kv‡l ewY©Z Ggb †Kvb KvwiKzjvg ev †Kvm© †bB hv cvk Ki‡j D³ †Nvi
Av‡Q †h, ÔgvIjvexqvÕ, Ô†gIjvweÕq¨v:Õ, ÔgvIjvexÕ, †k‡iKx †LZvewU cÖ`vb ev MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡ib, GgbwK
Ô†gIjvexÕ BZ¨vw` ZzK©x kã¸wj cÖK…Zc‡¶ Aviex ÔgvIjv we‡k¦i Ggb †Kvb ms¯’v †bB| GB †k‡iKx †LZvewU †K
bvÕ A_©: ÔAvgv‡`i cÖfzÕ ev‡K¨iB iƒcvš—i| GwU GKwU ZzK©x †`q! Kviv †`q! Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY †Kv_vq cvb!
gv‡idvZx `i‡ek `‡jiI bvg, hviv bvPb-Kz`©b K‡i Ny‡i e¨enviKvixMY Bnvi m`yËi w`‡Z m¶g wK bv!
Ny‡i †eovZ| [ `ª: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; c„: 126, A‡b‡Ki aviYv †h, gvIjvbvi A_© eÜzI nq| n‡Z
127;2q LÛ]| cv‡i! wKš‘ †Kviv‡b eÜz wnmv‡e †Kv_vI e¨eüZ nq wb|
Dwj−wLZ †Kvivb I wek¦‡Kv‡li eY©bvq G¶‡Y ÔgvIjv ZvQvov cÖPwjZ ÔgvIjvbvMYÕ mvavi‡Yi mv‡_ wK eÜz
bvÕ evK¨wUi A_© ÔAvgiv ev Avgv‡`i cÖfz ev Avj−vn wnmv‡e Pjv-†div, K_v-evZ©v ev IVv-emv K‡ib!
[†gŠjex Dnvi GKePb A_©vr Avwg ev Avgvi Avj−vn] Zv‡Z mvaviY‡K eÜz A‡_© gvIjvbv e‡j g‡bi fz‡jI m‡¤^vab
m‡›`n Kivi †Kvb †nZz Av‡Q e‡j g‡b nq bv| Dciš‘ K‡i _v‡Kb! RbmvaviY wK eÜz wnmv‡e ÔgvIjvbvÕ e‡j
wek¦‡Kv‡li Avi GKwU eY©bv j¶¨Yxq e‡U: Ò--cÖvqk m‡¤^vab K‡ib! bv wb‡Riv ¯^-‡NvwlZ †LZvewU aviY K‡i
Avj−vn‡K Aviex mvwn‡Z¨ ejv nq ÔgvIjv bvÕ, Avgv‡`i cÖfzZ AnsKvi aviY K‡i _v‡Kb e‡jB Mv‡Qi cÖ_g djwU,
cÖfz| wVK GB Kvi‡YB nvw`‡m µxZ`vm Zvnvi gwbe‡K gyiwMi cÖ_g wWgwU, cyKz‡ii eo gvQwU, QvMj-Mi“i
ÔgvIjvÕ ewjqv m‡¤^vab Kwi‡Z wb‡la Kiv nBqv‡Q|Ó gv_vwU, cÖ_g †eZ‡bi wmsnfvMwU, N‡i-evwn‡i m‡e©v”P
(eyLvix, wRnv`, eve 165; gymwjg, Avj&dvR; nv`xmÕ AvmbwU MÖnY K‡i Zv‡`i ¸Yv gv‡di mycvwik Avi †e‡n‡¯—
15,16) [myÎ: msw¶ß Bmjvgx wek¦‡Kvl; 2q LÛ;c„:126] i kvdvqvZ K‡i bM` bM` A_© MÖnY K‡i _v‡Kb! Z`ycwi
AvkvKwi Gev‡i ÔgvIjvbvÕ A_© †h Avjer ÔAvgv‡`i cÖfzÕ †`LvgvÎ Qvjvg bv w`‡j †eqv`c, †e-Øxb e‡j Awfkvc
219

w`‡q _v‡Kb| cxi †Kejv, evevRv‡bi Rb¨ LvU-cvjs, Rvgvbvi †gvRv‡Ï`, cx‡i-Kv‡gj, †gv‡k©`, Avj−vgv,
Mw` cvZv †Pqvi wbw`©ó K‡i ivL‡Z nq, `k©bgvÎ †mR`v MvDQyj AvRg, cx‡i AvRg, wek¦ Awj, wek¦ Bgvg, kvqL,
w`‡Z nq, evevRvb‡K †Lvm Kivi Rb¨ ΓwUnxb D`vi BgvgyØxb [a‡g©i †bZv] BZ¨vw` nvRvi iK‡gi ¯^ A_ev
†mevi Rb¨ Avcb ¯¿x-Kb¨v‡`i wb‡qvwRZ Ki‡Z nq! cwievi †NvwlZ †LZve eûj cwigv‡Y cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| GB
AZGe †LZvewU eÜz wnmv‡e cÖgvY Kivi †Kvb duvK- †LZvex cÖwZ‡hvwMZvi g~j I cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ ag© evRv‡i
‡duvKo †bB e‡jB g‡b nq| Zv¾‡ei welq 99 kZvsk wbR‡K AvKl©Yxq cY¨ wnmv‡e DÌvcb Kiv| wKš‘ cÖK…Z
Kw_Z Av‡jgMY evc-`v`v cÖ`Ë bvgwUi m‡½ Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Av‡jgM‡Yi G‡Z j¾v cvIqvi K_v! AvB‡bi `„wó‡Z
kãwU wejywß K‡i Z`¯’‡j Kzdzix I †k‡iKx ÔgvIjvbvÕ †`vlYxqI e‡U!
†LZvewU ewm‡q †`b| A_©vr Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU Avi Bnv me©Rb ¯^xK…Z †h, Avj−vn B”Qv Ki‡j mKj cvc
cQ›` nq bv, AvÍZ…wßI nq bv, AZGe GLb gvby‡li cÖfz gvd Ki‡Z cv‡ib wKš‘ †k‡iKx cvc gvd K‡ib bv|
ÔgvIjvbvÕ nIqv `iKvi ZvB ¯^-Áv‡b, ¯^-B”Qvq Ges ¯^qs AZGe, Avgv‡`i c~e©-cyi“l evc-`v`vMY, cÖL¨vZ-weL¨vZ
†NvwlZ ÔgvIjvbv, †gŠjexÕ †LZve Anin aviY K‡i Awj-Avj−vgv, hviv D³ †LZvewU wb‡q g„Zz¨ eiY K‡i‡Qb,
_v‡Kb! wK K‡i Ges †Kvb mvn‡m wek¦vm Ki‡ev †h, Zv‡`i wVKvbv †Kv_vq n‡Z cv‡i Zv RxweZ cÖfzMY
Av‡jg-Avj−vgvMY evK¨wUi A_© Rv‡bb bv! gvIjvbvMY(?) ¯^cœ ev G‡¯—Lviv QvovB †PvL †g‡j mbv³
A‡b‡Ki aviYv †h, †LZvewU m¤§vbmyPK| m¤§vbmyPK Ki‡Z cv‡ib| AZGe, Zv‡`i DwPr mw¤§wjZfv‡e
e‡UB Ges Ggb ¯^-‡NvwlZ m¤§vb hv Avj−vni Avm‡b cÖKv‡k¨-AcÖKv‡k¨ A_ev msm‡` ¯^ ¯^ ¯^v‡_© ZIev K‡i
ewm‡q †`q! †LZvewUi `vex Z¨vM Kiv| wKš‘ Ggb GKRb gvIjvbv
gnvbex ¯^qs gvIjvbv wQ‡jb bv; [hw`I kxqvMY nhiZ (cÖfz) cvIqv hv‡e wKbv m‡›`n! eis †jLK‡K Dëv Kv‡di,
Avjx‡K ÔgvIjvÕ †LZv‡e m‡¤^vab K‡ib] Zvi †Kvb Qvnvev †gviZv` e‡j ¯^-¯^ cÖfzZ¡ i¶vq KzU‡KŠk‡j AccÖPvi K‡i
GgbwK LjxdvMYI H †LZve aviY Kivi mvnm cvb wb, `ywbqvi dvq`v nvwm‡j Zrci _vK‡eb e‡jB wek¦vm|
GgbwK Avi‡ei †jv‡KivI Zv GLbI aviY K‡i bv; AZGe cÖKvk _v‡K †h, Ôgv_v byB‡q m¤§vb cÖ`k©b Ô†k‡iKxÕ
Avgvi gZ †cvkv`vix Av‡jg, †e-Av‡jgMY †Kvb mvn‡m! e‡j kwiqZ †e`vZx d‡Zvqv w`‡q GgbwK mvgvb¨ gv_v
Ges wK‡mi †jv‡f Ges wK‡mi Dci wfwË K‡i Avw`Kvj †bvqv‡bv Ges cyi“l Wv³vi‡`i gwnjv jvk †cv÷ gU©g Kiv
†_‡K GB nvivgx †LZvewU aviY K‡i cÖfz n‡q Av‡Qb! kwiqZ we‡ivax e‡j msm‡` AvBb cvk n‡q‡Q|
AZtci bv‡q‡e ivQyjI [ivQy‡ji mwPe ev †m‡µUvix] `vex Ôgv_v †bvqv‡Z cvi‡e bvÕ G K_v †Kviv‡bi †Kv_vI
Ki‡Qb! †Kvb& `vexwU Zv‡`i mwVK Ges g~jZt Zviv †Kvb& †bB| eis gvZv-wcZv ev m¤§vwbZ †jvK‡K mivmwi
c‡_! Zv ¯^ -¯^ Ges mvwe©K ¯^v‡_©, †Kviv‡bi Av‡jv‡Z, †mR`v Kivi weavb ¯^qs †KvivbB Aby‡gv`b K‡i, †`Lyb:
wbi‡c¶ Áv‡b ms‡kvab nIqv Ges ms‡kvab Kiv cÖwZwU A ivevAv AvevIqvB‡n Avjvj Avi‡k A Lvii“ jvû
gvby‡li †kªô `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ e‡j g‡b Kiv G¶zwY Ri“ix| my¾v`vb| [12:BDmyd-100] A_©: Ges BDmyd Zvi gvZv-
cÖKvk _v‡K †h, †ckv`vix Av‡jg-cxi mgv‡R wcZv‡K D”Pvm‡b emv‡jv Ges Zviv mK‡j Zvi m¤§v‡b
hyw³ev`x, ZK©evMxk, QvBw`, wec−ex, nhiZ, ûRy‡i ‡Ke−v, wmR&`vq jywU‡q co‡jv|
220

GB wmR&`vi e¨vcv‡i Avj−vni †Kviv‡bi dzU‡bv‡U cÖfz [gvIjvbv] Ges 3 kZ msm` m`‡m¨i g‡a¨ `yÕGKRbI
Avj−vni wei“‡× gvbyl d‡Zvqv wj‡L‡Qb: m¤§vb cÖ`k©‡bi wK G e¨vcv‡i GwM‡q Avm‡eb e‡j g‡b nq?
Rb¨ GB wmR&`v c~e©ewZ© kixq‡Z ‰ea wQj| [`ª: †Kvivb, *
BmjvgxK dvD‡Ûkb c„:377, dzU‡bvU bs-159]| AvqvZwU
†Kviv‡bi Ges Avj−vni Awn; Bnv gbQyL K‡i‡Q ev Ô†mR`v 70 †gvnv¤§` I Avn¤§`
Kiv nvivgÕ Ggb †Kvb cÖgvY mgMÖ †Kviv‡b †bB| †Kvivb
e‡j, ÔAvj−vni mybœv‡Z KLbI †Kvb i`-e`j nq bv|Õ Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Aviex kã| Avgv‡`i aviYv Ônvg&`Õ †_‡K
AZGe kwiqZ, Gg,wc, †gvdv‡”QiMY Rj-R¨vš— AvqvZwU Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ k‡ãi DrcwË| nvg&` A_© cÖksmv, †gvnv¤§` A_©
cÖkswmZ| †hgb Cgvb A_© wek¦vm; Bnvi c~‡e© wgg hy³ K‡i
gbQyL ev cÖZ¨v¶vY K‡i KzdzixZzj¨ Acivax n‡q m¤ú~Y© nq ÔgygxbÕ hvi A_© wek¦¯’ ev f³; ÔQvjvgÕ Gi c~‡e© wgg hy³
†Kvivb wei“× d‡Zvqv cÖ`v‡bi a„óZv wZb kZ mvsm` Ki‡j Ô‡gvm‡jgÕ nq BZ¨vw`| A_©vr cÖavbZt Aviex
Av‡jg-†bZvmn cÖvq 14 †KvwU †gvmjgvb wK K‡i bxie ¸YevPK k‡ãi c~‡e© ÔwggÕ hy³ Ki‡jB bvgevPK k‡ã
f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Qb! Gi wei“‡× †KD hw` P¨v‡jÄ K‡i cwiYZ nq wKbv Rvbv †bB| Z‡e Aviex e¨Ki‡Yi GB
Z‡e Aek¨B kwiqZ c„ô cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z Avjer eva¨| myÎwU mKj †¶‡Î cÖ‡hvR¨ bvÕI nÕ†Z cv‡i| †hgb:
AZGe Ggb GKwU †gv¶g ÔBmyÕ Svby ivRbxwZwe`MY †Kb ÔbvwRjÕ Gi c~‡e© ÔwggÕ hy³ n‡j nq ÔgybwR&jÕ, A_P kã
jy‡d wb‡”Qb bv Zv ejv gykwKj| `yÕwUi A_© AvKvk-cvZvj cv_©K¨| bvwRj A_© AeZxY©,
Avj−vn gvby‡li gv_vq _v‡K bv, _v‡K ü`‡q (`ª: 8: cÖ‡bvw`Z, Dc¯’vwcZ; c¶vš‘‡i gybwRj A_© Ni, Mš—e¨ ¯’j
Avbdvj-24)| gv_v †bvqv‡bvi A_© ÔAvj−vnÕ ¯^xKvi K‡i ev j¶¨ ¯’j| AZGe Ônvg&`Õ †_‡K Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Gi DrcwË
n‡ZI cv‡i, bvÕI nÕ‡Z cv‡i|
†bqv bq| Zvi g~j fvev_© webgª, webxZ Ges eva¨ _vKvi †Kviv‡bi Z_v bvgv‡Ri me©cÖ_g Ges me©cÖavb †NvlYv:
fve cÖKvk Kiv, hv Dwj−wLZ dzU‡bv‡UI ¯^xKvi Kiv Avj nvg‡`v jxj−vnx ivweŸj Avjvgxb [dv‡Znv-1] A_© :
n‡q‡Q| msm` m`m¨MY ¯úxKvi‡K Avj−vn wnmv‡e MY¨ mg¯— cÖksmv wek¦ PivP‡ii cÖf‚ Avj−vni| G‡nb ¯^xKv‡ivw³
K‡ib bv, GgbwK †Kvivb mgw_©Z †mR`v i“KzI K‡ib bv| Kivi c‡i,Ò Ônvg&`Õ †_‡K †gvnv¤§` Ges Dnvi A_©
A_P GB mvaviY welqwU wb‡q gvÎ GKRb cÖfy [gvIjvbv] cÖkswmZ, AZtci Avãyj−vni cyÎ [gnvbex] cÖkswmZ
¯úxKvimn 3 kZ m`m¨‡`i gy‡L Pzb-Kvwj †g‡L w`‡q‡Qb, [†gvnv¤§`]; G `yÕwU wek¦vm ci¯úi wecixZ e‡j g‡b nq|
mivmwi †Kvivb‡K cÖKv‡k¨ msm‡` Acgvb Kiv n‡q‡Q| GLv‡b Avi GKwU †gŠwjK welq D‡j−L¨ †h, Ômg¯— cÖksmvi
A_P Ggb GKRb m`m¨I cÖwZev` Kivi hyw³ mvnm bv `vwe`vi hLb ¯^qs Avj−vn, gvbyl ev Ab¨ wKQy bq, ZLb
cvIqvi KviY †evaMg¨ bq| c¶vš—‡i mviv gymwjg wek¦ ¯^fveZB ¯^xKvi Ki‡Z n‡e †h, mg¯— Kj‡¼i Askx`vi
Avwg ev Avgiv| mg¯— cÖksmv Avj−vni, GLv‡b Kv‡iv
gv_v DPz K‡iB wLª÷vb‡`i cv‡q †mR`vq jywU‡q c‡o‡Qb! Askx`vix‡Z¡i A_© Ávb Kiv cwi¯‹vi †k‡iKx e‡j m‡›`n
bv_yivg gnvÍv MvÜx‡K †mR`v K‡iB †Zv ¸wj K‡iwQj! nq| c¶vš—‡i hveZxq Kj¼ Avgvi ev m„wói GB wek¦vm
ZeyI Avkv fimvi K_v| G¶‡Y eBwUi welqe¯‘ Ges Ávb aviY Kivi A_©I †k‡iKx e‡j g‡b nq| ÔKj¼ ev
Ô†gŠjexÕ ÔgvIjvbv,Õ BZ¨vw` †k‡iKx †LZve welqK cÖkœ cÖksmvi wKQy Ask mªóvi, evKx Ask m„wói ev †Kvb
msm‡` DÌvcb Kivi †Rvi `vexi c_ myMg n‡q‡Q| j¶ e¨w³iÕ Ggb wek¦vmI †k‡iKx e‡j g‡b nq! AZGe, G¶‡Y
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ A_© cÖkswmZ Ges Zvi `vex`vi ev Aswk`vi
221

Avãyj−vni cy‡Îi [gnvbex] G‡nb ¯^ we‡ivax Ges ˆØZ Abymi‡Y Ges Dnvi mZ¨Zvq ci¤úivq G‡mwQ‡jb CQv-
wek¦v‡mi my‡hvM-myweav Avi _v‡K e‡j g‡b nq bv| gyQvmn Av‡iv AmsL¨; hviv mK‡jB †gvnv¤§` ev gnvcyi“l
AZGe H m¤^Üxq AvqvZ¸wji cybt M‡elYv I we‡ePbvi wQ‡jb| Z‡e G K_v mZ¨ †h, Ô‡gvnv¤§`, bex, ivQyj
`vex iv‡L! gvIjv, †Lv`v BZ¨vw` Rb¥MZ bvg n‡jI AvcwËi wKQy
cybðt e¨KiY g‡Z: Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †_‡K ÔAvn¤§`Õ [h_v_©] †bB| Z‡e Dnvi avZzMZ A_© †LZve; Ô‡divDbÕ †LZvewU
k‡ãi DrcwË wKš‘ cÖPwjZ A‡_© Zvi A_© ÔcÖksmvKvixÕ! AvRI kwiqZ wbwÏ©ó GKRb e¨w³i bvg wnmv‡e wek¦vm
Dwj−wLZ A‡_©I kã `yÕwU ci¯úi wecixZ| A_©vr Ki‡Qb| Avi †LZve A‡_©B j¶-‡KvwU †gvmjgvbMY
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ A_© cÖkswmZ ev cÖksmv cÖvcK; c¶vš—‡i Zv‡`i bv‡gi c~‡e© Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ kãwU e¨envi K‡i _v‡Kb|
ÔAvn¤§`Õ A_© cÖksmvKvix ev cÖksmv †cÖiK, `vZv I AZx‡Zi mKj gnvcyi“lB cieZ©x gnvcyi“‡li
MÖnxZv| A_©vr mªóv I m„wói m¤úK©| mªóv cÖksmv cvq Avi (†gvnv¤§`) AvMg‡bi mymsev` w`‡q †M‡Qb, c`ex bv‡g,
m„wó cÖksmv †`q| AZGe, G¶‡Y Avãyj−vi cy‡Îi [gnvbex] Rb¥MZ bv‡g bq; Rb¥MZ bvg Zv‡`i Rvbvi K_vI bq|
R‡b¥i c‡i Zvi bvbv-`v`vMY, Zv‡`i gvZ…fvlv Aviex Kw_Z nq †h, K…ò ev wn›`y mgw_©Z bexMY e‡j‡Qb,
Rvbv _vKv m‡Z¡I GB wecixZ A_©†evaK `yÕwU bvg GKB ÔAvgvi c‡i †gvnv¤§` Avm‡ebÕ; Avm‡Qb †gvnv¤§` gyQv;
e¨w³‡K wK K‡i cÖ`vb Ki‡jb! Avi wK K‡iB ev Zvi gyQv e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvgvi c‡i †gvnv¤§` Avm‡ebÕ; Avm‡Qb
Abymvix Z_v Aviex Rvbv m¤§vwbZ Av‡jg Avj−vgvMY †gvnv¤§` Cmv; Cmv e‡j‡Qb, ÔAvgvi c‡i Avn¤§`
wek¦vm K‡ib I Kivb! fq cvw”Q, †Kv_vI fyj KiwQ wK Avm‡eb;Õ wKš‘ Avn¤§` Av‡mb wb! Avm‡Qb Ô†gvnv¤§`
bv! Aviex e¨Ki‡Yi ÔAvjRvgDj gvKQyiÕ A_©vr Ôfs¸i †gv¯—dv ev †gvnv¤§` Avjvgxb| kwiq‡Zi wewfbœ eY©bv I
eûePbÕ GB Ab¨Zg myÎ g‡Z cÖavbZt GKePb k‡ãi c~‡e© AvjvgZ g‡Z ÔAvn¤§`B †gvnv¤§` Ges †gvnv¤§`B Avn¤§`
ÔAvwjdÕ hy³ K‡i eûePb Ki‡Z nq| †hgb: ÔbexÕ e‡j ¯^xK…Z| wKš‘ Av`g †_‡K g~Qv ch©š— µgvš^q Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ
GKePb, Avw¤^qv eûePb; ÔQvjvgÕ GKePb, ÔAvQjvgÕ bvg ci¤úivq fwel¨r evYx Kivi ci nVvr CQv G‡m mg¯—
eûePb; ÔAjxÕ GKePb ÔAvDjxqv eûePb; ÔKvjvgÕ wek¦vm Dwë‡q ev cÖZ¨vL¨vY K‡i ÔAvn¤§`Õ Gi fwel¨r evbx
GKePb, ÔAvK¬vgÕ eûePb BZ¨vw`| †m g‡Z Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ Ki‡jb!
GKePb, ÔAvn¤§`Õ Zvi eûePb nIqv wbZvš— ¯^vfvweK Ges Avãyj−vni cy‡Îi g~j Ô†gv¯—dvÕ bvgwU‡K Avieevmx
hyw³m½Z e‡U! mZ¨ wKbv Rvwb bv| AZGe Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ KZ…©K cÖ`Ë¡ ÔAvjvgxbÕ bv‡g †X‡K wM‡qwQj (wbKU
k‡ãi A_© hw` nq ÔcÖkswmZÕ Z‡e Zvi eûeP‡b ÔAvn¤§`Õ AZx‡Zi ¯‹zj-K‡j‡Ri cvV¨ cy¯—‡K Ô†gvnv¤§` †gv¯—dvÕ
Gi A_© nIqv DwPr ÔcÖkswmZMYÕ; wKš‘ ÔcÖksmvKvix A_© bvgwUi e¨envi †`Lv hvq|) AZGe ÔAvjvgxbÕ bvgwU
nIqvi hyw³ ev `wjj cÎ †Kv_vq ! aviYvwU fzjI n‡Z Avj−vn cÖ`Ë¡ Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ bv‡g †X‡K †djv wewPÎ bq| CQvi
cv‡i| kwiq‡Zi `„wó AvKl©Y KiwQ| my‡Î Avjvgx‡bi gy‡L ÔAvn¤§`Õ kãwU †Kviv‡b D”PvwiZ
Ô†gvnv¤§`Õ †LZvewU Kv‡iv e¨w³MZ ev Rb¥MZ bvg †h n‡q‡Q| AZGe ÔAvn¤§`Õ [†gvnv¤§`MY] m¤^‡Ü bZzb K‡i
bq ev wQj bv Zv Dwj−wLZ evK¨Øq cÖgvb cvIqv hvq| M‡elYvi `iKvi|
Ô‡gvnv¤§`Õ ivRv-ev`kv, ‡cÖwm