Classification of Shock

Type Hypovolemic shock Decrease circulating blood volume Cardiogenic shock Failure of the heart to pump efficiently Assessment Finding Cool, pale, moist skin, ↓BP, ↓HR, cyanosis, ↑RR. Early sign: ↓urine, ↓CVP, restlessness,↑ HR Sign myocardial infarction ↓BP, ↓HR, jugular vein distention, nausea, vomiting, dyspnea, oliguria, aukultasi :melemah Causes Blood lost, burns, adrenal crisis,fluid loss through excessive vomiting or diarrhea Myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhymias, pericardial tamponade, tension pneumothorax

Obtructive shock

↓BP, sianosis, cool skin, Congenital abnormality, pucat, nafas cepat dangkal, pericardial tamponade, cemas, takikardi, tension pneumothorax hipotermi, mulut kering

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