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S.S.C Omtex – classes S.S.

C
TYPES OF ENERGY “THE HOME OF TEXT” NOTES
QI. Define
1. Energy: The capacity of a body to perform work is called energy.
2. Mechanical Energy: The energy, which can be used to perform mechanical work, is called
Mechanical energy.
3. Kinetic Energy: The energy possessed by a body on account of its motion is called
Kinetic Energy of the body.
4. Potential Energy: The energy posses by a body on account of its position is called
Potential energy of the body.
5. Law of conservation of energy:- Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. It can be
converted from one form to another. The total amount of energy in the universe always
remains constant.

QII. Answer the following question in short.

1. Define energy and its units?


Ans. The capacity of a body to perform work is called energy.
The unit of energy in C.G.S. System is Erg and M.K.S. or S.I. system is Joule.

2. Define Mechanical Energy? What are the different types of Mechanical energy?
Ans. The energy, which can be used to perform mechanical work, is called Mechanical
energy.
The two types of Mechanical energy are Kinetic energy and Potential energy.

3. Define Kinetic Energy and give some Examples?


Ans. The energy possessed by a body on account of its motion is called Kinetic Energy of the
body.
Example:-
1. A bullet fired from a gun possesses kinetic energy, When it strikes the target, it uses
this Kinetic energy to penetrate into the target.
2. Running water possesses Kinetic energy due to which it can move any object in its
path.

4. Define Potential Energy and give some Examples?


Ans. The energy possessed by a body on account of its position is called Potential Energy of
the body.
Example:-
1. The water stored in a reservoir of a dam possesses potential energy. At a
hydroelectric power station, this energy is used to rotate the turbines connected to generators,
so that electrical energy is produced.
2. A raised hammer possesses potential energy. When it is brought down on a nail, the
hammer uses this energy to perform the work of driving the nail in a wedge.

5. Explain why Energy and work have the same units?


Ans. Energy is defined as a capacity of a body to perform work. Energy is measured in terms
of work done by a body. Therefore, Energy and Work have the same units.

6. State the relation between the unit of energy in C.G.S. system and S.I. System?
Ans. One joule = 107 Ergs.

7. Explain how potential energy is converted into Kinetic Energy?


Ans. Refer . Note