# 7.5.

4 BRINCH-HANSEN'S BEARING CAPACITY EQUATION

Q Df +β

B/2 H +α B/2

Brinch-Hansen (1961, 1970) proposed a general equation that allows us to determine the bearing capacity of footings of any shape and size and any inclination of loading or bearing surface. The net ultimate bearing capacity from Meyerhof's equations and Brinch-Hansen's equations are not practically significant for φ′ < 35o. Brinch-Hansen's equations are often used for footings on slopes. The general Brinch-Hansen (1970) equations are: TSA: qult = 5.14 su (1 + sc + dc - ic - bc - gc) ESA: qult = γ Df (Nq - 1) sq dq iq bq gq + 0.5 γ B Nγ sγ dγ bγ gγ Shape factors sc = 0.2 sq = 1 + B ; sγ = 1 - 0.4 L
B L B L

(sγ > 0.6)

sin φ′ [sq was proposed by De Beer (1967, 1970) based on plate loading tests]

Depth factors Df < B dc = 0.4 ; dγ = 1; dq = 1 + 2 tan φ′ (1 - sin φ′)2

Df B

Df B

Df > B dc = 0.4 tan-1 ( D f ); dϒ = 1; dq = 1 + 2 tan φ′ (1 - sin φ′)2 tan-1 ( D f ) B B The depth factors above are valid for failure along the long sides L of the base. For failure along the short side, B, replace B by L in the above equations.

For coarse-grained soils.5 tan β ) gc = These factors apply when β <φ′ (φ′ < 45o) and αs + β ≤ 90o . Base inclination factors bc = 2 αs .αs in radians π + 2 Ground inclination factors 2β . he proposed equations that are valid for φ′ ≈ 45o. b γ = exp ( −2. The author recommends the use of Meyerhof's inclination factors since φ′ ≈ 45o are rare.7αs tan φ′ ) .Load Inclination factors Brinch-Hansen (1970) gave a set of equations for inclination factors. β in radians π+2 5 g γ = g q = (1 − 0. b q = exp ( −2αs tan φ′ ) .