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OMTEX – CLASSES

Ninth Standards.

1. Kinetic energy:- Energy possessed by a body on account of its motion is called


Kinetic energy.
Kinetic energy of a body = ½ mv2

2. Potential energy:- Energy possessed by a body on account of its position or shape


is called its potential energy.
Potential energy = mgh.

3. Law of conservation of energy:- Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. It


can be converted from one form to another. The total amount of energy in the
universe always remains constant.
4. Units of energy :- The units of energy in the MKS systems is Joule & in the CGS
systems is erg.
Classify the following in potential energy and kinetic

energy.
1. Water stored on top of a hill.
2. An arrow released from a stretched bow.
3. A stretched spring.
4. A revolving electric fan.

Ans. 1. Potential energy 2. Kinetic energy 3. Potential energy 4. Kinetic energy


Explain the terms, positive work and negative work

Ans. 1. Work done can be negative or positive.


2. Work done by a force is positive if the displacement is in the direction of the
force.
3. Work done by a force is negative if the displacement is opposite to the
direction of the force.