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Vernacular Architecture of Gondia, Maharashtra, India
in similar pattern. The traditional dwellings situated there. BASIC HOUSE FORM .Traditional Dwelling Study of a House in Gondia. The houses varied from small single storied mud structures to three or even more. This is a study of a three storied haveli belonging to a zamindar. So the main building of the original haveli is combined to the courtyard and livestock-shelters of the second. completing the original traditional dwelling as it would have had been. Maharashtra INTRODUCTION Gondia district (almost on Maharashtra and MP border) is located near Nagpur in Mahrashtra. the information gathered here is a combination of a couple of other similar structures. But unfortunately the front courtyard was a mere shadow of its original form. are typical for that region. So.
The wall thicknesses vary from 1m and downwards. Spaces are arranged about a central space which is the main bedroom. ELEVATION . The plan is a rough 7x7 grid.
AN ISOMETRIC VIEW OF THE DWELLING COMPOUND . No open terrace and minimal openings. A stepped pyramidal structure with sloping roofs.
SECTIONAL PLAN SHOWING THE ZONING INSIDE HAVELI .
VILLAGE GATHERINGS Gatherings of males of the village happened daily in the evenings after the days work. . This activity is completely public and thus no privacy is required. Sometimes small scale social functions also happen here.
throughout the day. Front verandah for minor and personal gatherings A large courtyard suitable for holding mini functions Seating outside the main gate. feeding. milking. Cleaning of the shelters is done eveyday. etc. It is a combination of different activities like cleaning. An year’s supply is stored at one go. . The 1st floor of the shelters is used for storing the fodder for the livestock. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT The managementof the livestock is mainly carried out by the servants.
STORAGE . Use of courtyard for livestock management. Storage on 1st floor. replenished each year.
and storage is required for their fodder as well. Adjacent side storage is used for storing the bedding whenever not in use. It is a space where outsiders are not allowed. Also an emergency food storage is kept for the family members. . SLEEPING Sleeping was the activity done in the central room. The whole built form has more combined space for storages than any other purposes. This is mainly because the amindar/ tehsildar the whole harvest produced on their land is stored in the haveli. Further there is a large collection of livestock. The zamindar slept in both in the afternoon and night.
Front courtyard faces the north. As well as to provide shade from the sun and prevent heating up of the building. Though it is best suited for summers. The side passage rooms act as wind channels. The rear verandah can be used much more in winter due to sun’s southern inclination. . preventing direct solar rays on the most used part.CLIMATE The building seems to be built keeping in mind all the seasons. The roof extends almost a meter beyond the walls. Absence of openings reduces the heat exchange to the minimum. The upper floors act as false ceiling. probably to protect the heavy rainwater from soaking the walls.
storages.) Low utility upper floors act as false ceilings. Promote heat loss Vegetation outside to decrease glare Overhanging roof to the north and south to provide protection from sun and rain and glare from the bright overcast sky Planting and layout provide protection from hot dry and cold winds Walls to provide some shade to external spaces Main habitable rooms facing north and south Main openings to the north and south Dwellings facing onto fairly generously proportional courtyards LOCATION & BUILDING MATERIALS Setting . Light colouring to minimize heat absorbtion by the walls.(The thick walls increase the time lag) Others Increase of buffer spaces (Low utility areas like verandahs.SPECIFIC FEATURES KEEPING IN MIND THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS To resist heat gain Increase of thermal resistance and capacity by maximizing the building depth. courtyards. etc.
Other dwellings come up nearby adjacent to the haveli of the other villagers. The tiles used on the roof are burnt clay tiles Timber framework Light blue color of the walls Mud walls TRADITION AND BELIEFS Short heights of the door The doors throughout the haveli are less than 6ft in height. Grey granite is found in the region. The walls are coloured with lime mixed with indigo. . The haveli is a structure with the entrance facing the north. Walls are made up off a mixture of mud + straw + cow dung. to give a light blue colour. Building Materials Building materials are completely local: Framework is done by teakwood found in the jungles nearby. (most importantly as a plinth) is local stone. This is about 100 acre. A haveli is built in the centre of the land owned by a zamindar. Wherever stone is used.
The big main entrance Oppositely the main entrance to the haveli is almost 3m x 3m. This is because the gate is supposed to have an inviting and open look. This is to make sure that each person entering a room bends in respect . It is a place where only the family members and priests are allowed. Secluded puja room The room is supposed to be very sacred and only the upper caste people are allowed to enter it. Secluded area for women The womenfolk were not allowed to come out in open in front of everybody.5m. Sometimes poojas and even mini havans are conducted without anybody outside getting the whiff of it. The pooja room is the most innermost room linked to the central room. DWELLING FORM AS STATUS & POSITION SYMBOL TOWERING STRUCTURE . The main entry to the central room being almost 1. They were restricted to the backside of the haveli basically the kitchen and the rear verandah.
Though built as an outpost for watching the estate the 2nd floor works rather as an identitifcation mark. making it an ideal spot for social functions. As one approaches the village the 2nd floor of the haveli is seen towering on top of other single and double storeyed structures. COURTYARD SIZE Courtyard of the haveli is much larger than any other in the village measuring almost 17m x15m. GRAND ENTRANCE .
the main gate to a haveli is the largest measuring about 3m x 3m and outer walls being 5m tall. These is most importantly to show off. Poorer people are seen to have houses built only with mud. It is een that use of timber decreases as one moves from rich to poor. BUILDING MATERIALS USED The haveli has a comlete timber framework. Though entries to all residences in the village are big. Teakwood is the only wood used in the haveli. about which the walls are formed. Tags: • Vernacular Architecture • Comments . ORNAMENTATIONS Maximum decorations found in the haveli are in the front verandah inthe columns and doors.
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