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CONFIDENTIAL 4531/1 Physics Paper 1 September 2009 1 ¼ hours 4531/1

MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TRIAL EXAMINATION 2009

PHYSICS
Paper 1 One hour fifteen minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO 1. This paper is written in English and Bahasa Melayu Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. The question in English is written on top while the Bahasa Melayu version is below. Soalan di atas adalah dalam bahasa Inggeris dan soalan dalam bahasa Melayu terdapat di bawahnya. Candidates are required to read the information at the back of the booklet. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

2.

3.

This paper consists of 39 printed pages and 1 blank page 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL

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The following information maybe useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah. Simbol-simbol mempunyai makna yang biasa.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

a=

v−u t

v2 = u2 + 2as s = ut + ½ at2 Momentum = mv F = ma Kinetic energy / Tenaga kinetik = ½ mv2 Gravitational potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan graviti = mgh 1 Elastic potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan kenyal = Fx 2 m ρ = V

10. Pressure / Tekanan, p = hρg 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Pressure / Tekanan, p = Heat / Haba, Q = mcθ Heat / Heat, Q = ml
pV = constant / pemalar T F A

E = mc2 v = fλ Power, P = Kuasa, P =
energy time tenaga masa

18.

1 1 1 = + f u v

CONFIDENTIAL

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CONFIDENTIAL
ax D
sin i sin r

3

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19. 20.

λ= n=

21. n =
n=

real depth apparent depth

dalam nyata dalam ketara

22. Q = It

23.

V = IR

24.

Power / Kuasa, P = IV

25.

N s Vs = N p Vp
Efficiency / Kecekapan = g = 10 m s-2

26. 27.

I sVs × 100% I pV p

28. Atmospheric pressure at sea level / tekanan atmosfera pada aras laut = 1 x 105 Pa
29. Speed of light/Halaju cahaya, c = 3.0 x 108 m s-1

4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA

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1 Rajah 1.2 show two types of ammeter. ammeter yang ditunjukkan dalam kedua-dua rajah berbeza ? A B C Accuracy Ketepatan Sensitivity Kepekaan Consistency Kepersisan CONFIDENTIAL www.1 dan 1.com/ 4 1 Which the following is a base unit? Manakah di antara berikut adalah unit asas? A B C D 2 joule newton ampere kilometer Which pair contains scalar quantities only? Pasangan manakah mengandungi kuantiti skalar sahaja? A B C D Distance and work Jarak dan kerja Speed and weight Laju dan berat Force and momentum Daya dan momentum Displacement and area Sesaran dan luas 3 Diagrams 1. Diagram 1. Rajah 1.banksoalanspm.1 Diagram 1.1 and 1.com .2 Rajah 1.2 In which aspect are the ammeters shown in both diagrams different ? Dalam aspek manakah.blogspot.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.2 menunjukkan dua buah ammeter.

00 m s-1 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www. 5 m s-1 frog leaf Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2. Diagram 2.5.05 m s-1 .2 What is the recoil velocity of the leaf? Apakah halaju sentakan daun itu? A B C D .1 Diagram 2.blogspot.com .00 m s-1 .2 menunjukkan katak tersebut melompat menjauhi daun dengan halaju 5 m s-1.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 4 5 4531/1 Which ticker tape shows a motion with a deceleration? Pita detik yang manakah menunjukkan pergerakan dengan nyahpecutan? A B C D Direction of motion Arah gerakan Direction of motion Arah gerakan Direction of motion Arah gerakan Direction of motion Arah gerakan 5 Diagram 2. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan seekor katak berjisim 200 g di atas daun berjisim 50 g pada permukaan kolam.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.20. Rajah 2.banksoalanspm.2 shows the frog leaping away from the leaf with a velocity of 5 m s-1.20 m s-1 .1 Rajah 2.1 shows a frog of mass 200 g on a leaf of mass 50 g on the surface of a pond.0.0.

Menggunakan sistem beg udara.blogspot.0 m s-1.5 m s-1 .0 m s-1 Trampoline Trampolin Diagram 3 Rajah 3 What is the impulsive force exerted on Ah Soo if the time of impact is 0.banksoalanspm. She then bounces back with a velocity of 2.com .http://banksoalanspm. Dia kemudian melantun semula dengan halaju 2.com/ 6 6 Which of the following will not reduce the negative effect of inertia in a car? Pernyataan yang manakah tidak mengurangkan kesan negatif inersia bagi sebuah kereta? A B C D Using the air bag system.5 m s-1. Ah Soo 2.5 m s -1 2. Menggunakan bumper daripada bahan yang keras.2 s? Berapakah daya impuls yang dikenakan ke atas Ah Soo jika masa perlanggaran ialah 0.0 m s-1.2 s ? A B C D 10 N 100 N 400 N 900 N CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot. Using bumpers of hard material. Rajah 3 menunjukkan Ah Soo berjisim 40 kg melompat di atas trampolin dengan halaju awal 2. Fixing a headrest at the seat Meletakkan alas kepala di tempat duduk Wearing a seatbelt Memakai tali pinggang keselamatan 7 Diagram 3 shows Ah Soo of mass 40 kg jumping on a trampoline with an initial velocity of 2.

blogspot. 7 4531/1 Diagram 4 shows a construction worker pulling a bucket filled with wet cement using a smooth pulley.com .http://banksoalanspm. The total mass of the bucket and cement is 5 kg. 5 kg Diagram 4 Rajah 4 How much force does the worker need to apply if he wants the bucket to move upwards with an acceleration of 2 m s-2 ? Berapakah daya yang perlu dikenakan oleh pekerja jika dia mahu baldi bergerak ke atas dengan pecutan 2 m s-2? A B C D 20 N 40 N 50 N 60 N 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.banksoalanspm. Rajah 4 menunjukkan seorang pekerja binaan sedang menarik baldi berisi simen basah menggunakan takal licin.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 8. Jumlah jisim baldi dan simen ialah 5 kg.blogspot.

Jisim Ahmad ialah dua kali ganda jisim Aini.com . apakah yang boleh anda katakan tentang kuasa output Ahmad berbanding Aini? A B C Smaller Lebih kecil Equal Sama Larger Lebih besar CONFIDENTIAL www. Ahmad Aini Diagram 5 Rajah 5 If they take the same time to climb up to the top.blogspot. Rajah 5 menunjukkan Ahmad dan Aini bersiap sedia untuk menaiki tangga.banksoalanspm. The mass of Ahmad is double the mass of Aini.blogspot.com/ 8 9 Diagram 5 shows Ahmad and Aini getting ready to climb up a flight of stairs.http://banksoalanspm. what can you say about Ahmad’s output power compared to Aini’s? Jika mereka mengambil masa yang sama untuk naik ke puncak.

banksoalanspm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 10 9 4531/1 Assuming all the springs are identical.blogspot.com . susunan yang manakah akan menghasilkan jumlah pemanjangan yang terbesar? A B C D 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot. which arrangement will produce the largest total extension? Dengan mengandaikan semua spring adalah serupa.

banksoalanspm.com .com/ 10 11 Diagram 7 shows a bag commonly used by students. Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebuah beg yang biasa digunakan oleh pelajar sekolah.blogspot. Shoulder strap Tali penyandang X Diagram 7 Rajah 7 Why is the shoulder strap at X wider? Mengapakah tali penyandang lebih lebar di X? A B C D To increase weight and to increase pressure Untuk menambahkan berat dan menambahkan tekanan To increase surface area and to decrease pressure Untuk menambahkan luas permukaan dan mengurangkan tekanan To decrease weight and to decrease pressure Untuk mengurangkan berat dan mengurangkan tekanan To decrease the surface area and to increase weight Untuk mengurangkan luas permukaan dan menambahkan berat CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.

com . Tekanan di Y lebih besar dari tekanan di X.1 and Diagram 8.1 keluar pada kadar yang lebih rendah berbanding air dalam Rajah 8.blogspot.2 Why does the water in Diagram 8. Water container Bekas air Drinking water X Air minuman Y Diagram 8. Tekanan di X lebih besar dari tekanan di Y.2 menunjukkan dua bekas air. Tekanan di X dan Y adalah sama.2? A B C The pressure at Y is larger than the pressure at X. 13 Diagram 9 shows a manometer used to measure the gas pressure in a container.blogspot. Rajah 9 menunjukkan manometer digunakan untuk mengukur tekanan gas dalam satu bekas..1 dan Rajah 8.http://banksoalanspm.1 Diagram 8. Gas 5 cm Manometer Diagram 9 Rajah 9 What is the pressure of the gas? (Atmospheric pressure = 75 cm Hg) Berapakah tekanan gas itu? (Tekanan atmosfera = 75 cm Hg) A 5 cm Hg B 70 cm Hg C 75 cm Hg D 80 cm Hg [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA www. Rajah 8.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 12 11 4531/1 Diagram 8.2 show two water containers. The pressure at X is larger than the pressure at Y.1 Rajah 8.2 Rajah 8. The pressure at X and Y are equal.1 flow out at a slower rate than the water in Diagram 8.2? Mengapakah air dalam Rajah 8.banksoalanspm.

com .blogspot.blogspot.banksoalanspm.com/ 12 14 Which of the following functions by using Pascal’s Principle? Manakah di antara berikut berfungsi menggunakan Prinsip Pascal? A B perfume sprayer penyembur minyak wangi vacuum cleaner pembersih hampagas C D excavator jentera pengorek suction pump pam pelocok CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.

W1 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www. W 2 Berat rakit. W3? A W3 > W1 + W2 B W3 = W1 + W2 C W3 < W1 + W2 D W 3 = W2 . Rajah 10 menunjukkan sebuah kotak di atas sebuah rakit yang terapung di sungai.blogspot.com .http://banksoalanspm.banksoalanspm.blogspot. Box Kotak Raft Rakit Weight of box. W 1 Berat kotak. W2 Diagram 10 Rajah 10 Which statement is true about the weight of water displaced. W3? Pernyataan yang manakah benar tentang berat air tersesar.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 15 13 4531/1 Diagram 10 shows a box on a raft floating in a river. W1 Weight of raft.

blogspot.blogspot. Wind angin X Boat Bot Sail Layar Diagram 11 Rajah 11 What can you say about the air velocity and pressure at X? Apakah yang boleh dinyatakan tentang halaju angin dan tekanan di X? Velocity Halaju Pressure Tekanan A B C D Low Rendah High Tinggi Low Rendah Low Rendah High Tinggi Low Rendah High Tinggi High Tinggi CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.com/ 14 16 Diagram 11 shows a yatch moving against the direction of the wind.banksoalanspm.com . Rajah 11 menunjukkan kapal layar berlayar melawan arah angin.

Bila ketuhar telah mencapai suhu maksimum.banksoalanspm. 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm. Bila suhu kek sama dengan suhu ketuhar. After 40 minutes. When the net heat transfer between the cake and oven is equal.blogspot. Bila semua haba dari ketuhar telah dipindahkan kepada kek. kek itu mencapai keseimbangan termal. Selepas 40 minit. When all the heat from the oven has transferred to the cake. Bila pemindahan haba bersih antara kek dan ketuhar adalah sama. the cake reaches thermal equilibrium.blogspot. Rajah 12 menunjukkan sebuah ketuhar digunakan untuk membakar sebiji kek. When the temperature of the cake is equal to the temperature of the oven. Oven Ketuhar Cake Kek Diagram 12 Rajah 12 When is thermal equilibrium reached? Bilakah keseimbangan terma dicapai? A B C D When the oven has reached its maximum temperature.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 15 4531/1 17 Diagram 12 shows an oven which is used to bake a cake.com .

Periuk yang manakah menunjukkan peningkatan suhu paling kecil? A B c = 235 J kg-1 ºC-1 c = 387 J kg-1 ºC-1 C D c = 500 J kg-1 ºC-1 c = 900 J kg-1 ºC-1 19 What remains unchanged when the gas in an air-tight container is compressed? Apakah yang tidak berubah apabila gas dalam sebuah bekas kedap udara dimampatkan? A B C D The average kinetic energy of the particles Purata tenaga kinetik zarah The gas pressure Tekanan gas The frequency of collisions between the particles and the walls Kekerapan perlanggaran zarah dengan dinding bekas The number of particles per unit volume Bilangan zarah per unit isipadu CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot. c are heated at the same rate for 20 minutes.http://banksoalanspm.com/ 16 18 Four types of cooking pots of the same mass but different specific heat capacity. Which cooking pot shows the smallest temperature increase? Empat jenis periuk yang berjisim sama dipanaskan pada kadar yang sama selama 20 minit.com .banksoalanspm.blogspot.

com/ CONFIDENTIAL 20 17 4531/1 Diagram 13 shows the heating curve of a substance using a constant rate of heat supply. 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot. the substance exists in two states Pada RS.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.banksoalanspm. bahan ujud dalam dua keadaan The kinetic energy does not change at PQ Tenaga kinetik tidak berubah pada PQ Heat is used to break up the bonds between the particles at QR Haba digunakan untuk memutuskan ikatan antara zarah di QR.com . Temperature / ºC Suhu / ºC S Q R Time / minute Masa / minit P Diagram 13 Rajah 13 Which statement is correct ? Pernyataan yang manakah benar ? A B C D Heat is released to the surrounding at QR Haba dibebaskan ke persekitaran di QR At RS. Rajah 13 menunjukkan graf pemanasan bagi suatu bahan dengan menggunakan haba yang dibekal pada kadar yang tetap.

Observer Permerhati 50o Water surface Permukaan air 50 cm 35º Image of fish Imej ikan Diagram 15 Rajah 15 What is the actual depth of the fish? Apakah dalam nyata ikan tersebut? A B C D 26. P C D .com .blogspot.4 cm CONFIDENTIAL www.banksoalanspm.com/ 18 21 Diagram 14 shows an object in front of a concave mirror.http://banksoalanspm. F Concave mirror Cermin cekung Diagram 14 Rajah 14 22 Diagram 15 shows an observer looking at the image of a fish 50 cm from the water surface. Manakah imej yang betul? A B P = Centre of curvature Object Objek P = Pusat lengkungan F = Focus point F = Titik fokus .blogspot.7 cm 37.4 cm 66. Which is the correct image? Rajah 14 di bawah menunjukkan sebuah objek di depan cermin cekung.8 cm 71. Rajah 15 menunjukkan seorang pemerhati melihat imej seekor ikan 50 cm dari permukaan air.

com/ CONFIDENTIAL 23 19 4531/1 Diagram 16 shows a light ray incident into a cat’s eye reflector which is fixed in the middle of a road as a safety device.5f dari kanta itu? A B C D Real and magnified Sahih dan diperbesarkan Virtual and magnified Maya dan diperbesarkan Real and upright Sahih dan tegak Virtual and inverted Maya dan tertonggeng 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot.blogspot. Apakah ciri-ciri imej jika objek diletakkan 1. What are the characteristics of the image if the object is placed 1.5f from the lens? Panjang fokus suatu kanta cembung adalah f.banksoalanspm. apakah nilai sudut X? A B C Equal to 43o Sama dengan 43o More than 43o Lebih dari 43o Less than 43º Kurang dari 43o 24 The focal length of a convex lens is f. Light from headlight Cahaya lampu hadapan Reflected ray Sinar pantulan X Holder pemegang Road surface Permukaan jalan Prism Prisma Diagram 16 Rajah 16 If the critical angle of the prism is 43º what is the value of angle X? Jika sudut kritikal prisma ialah 43º.http://banksoalanspm.com . Rajah 16 menunjukkan sinar cahaya ditujukan ke dalam pemantul mata kucing yang dipasang di bahagian tengah jalan raya sebagai alat keselamatan.

com . Untuk melihat kedudukan bayi dalam kandungan ibu To detect cracks in metal structure of an aircraft Untuk mengesan keretakan struktur logam pada kapalterbang To vibrate plaque off the surface of teeth Untuk menggetarkan plak dari permukaan gigi To take the photograph of a bone fracture inside the body Untuk mengambil gambar foto keretakan tulang dalam badan CONFIDENTIAL www.com/ 20 25 Diagram 17 shows a slinky spring which is vibrated in a to-and-fro direction.banksoalanspm.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot. Rajah 17 menunjukkan spring slinky digetarkan ke depan dan ke belakang Direction of vibration Arah getaran Diagram 17 Rajah 17 Which wave propagates in the same way as shown in Diagram 17? Gelombang manakah merambat dengan cara yang sama seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 17? A B C D Sound wave Gelombang bunyi Microwave Gelombang mikro Light wave Gelombang cahaya Water wave Gelombang air 26 Which of the following is not an application of ultrasound? Manakah di antara berikut bukan aplikasi gelombang ultrasonik? A B C D To see the position of an unborn baby inside the mother’s womb.

7 Hz 28 Which wave form has high pitch and low loudness? Bentuk gelombang yang manakah mempunyai kelangsingan tinggi dan kenyaringan rendah? A B C D 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www. Rajah 18 menunjukkan gelombang satah dengan halaju 4 cm s-1 bergerak dari kawasan cetek ke kawasan dalam.blogspot.banksoalanspm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 27 21 4531/1 Diagram 18 shows a plain wave with velocity 4 cm s-1 moving from a shallow region to a deep region.6 Hz 2. 1.com .blogspot.8 Hz 1.5 cm Shallow region Kawasan cetek Deep region Kawasan dalam Diagram 18 Rajah 18 What is the wave frequency in the deep region? Berapakah frekuensi gelombang di kawasan air dalam? A B C D 0.5 cm Direction of Propagation Arah rambatan 4.7 Hz 3.http://banksoalanspm.

Rajah 19 menunjukkan gelombang satah menuju ke arah celahan P. Diagram 19 Rajah 19 Which physical quantity changes after the waves pass through gap P? Kuantiti fizikal yang manakah berubah setelah gelombang bergerak melalui celahan P? A B C D amplitude amplitud wavelength panjang gelombang wave speed laju gelombang frequency frekuensi CONFIDENTIAL www.com/ 22 29 Diagram 19 shows a plain wave moving towards gap P.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.banksoalanspm.com .

com/ CONFIDENTIAL 30 23 4531/1 Diagram 20 shows the interference pattern obtained when yellow light is used in Young’s double-slit experiment.blogspot. rajah manakah menunjukkan corak interferens yang betul? A B C 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.com .banksoalanspm. Diagram 20 menunjukkan corak interferens yang diperolehi apabila cahaya kuning digunakan dalam ekperimen dwicelah Young. Diagram 20 Rajah 20 If the yellow light is replaced by blue light. which of the following diagrams shows the correct interference pattern? Jika cahaya kuning digantikan dengan cahaya biru.

1 Diagram 22.2 What conclusion can be made from the above observation ? Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat dari pemerhatian di atas ? A B C D The pattern of the electric field is uniform Corak medan elektrik adalah seragam The direction of the electric field is always from left to right Arah medan elektrik adalah sentiasa dari kiri ke kanan The electric field is stronger when the plates are oppositely charged Medan elektrik bertambah kuat bila plat adalah bercas berlawanan When the distance between the plates increases.1 menunjukkan corak medan elektrik di antara dua plat logam selari yang bercas.2 menunjukkan corak medan bila kedua plat logam digerakkan menjauhi antara satu sama lain.1 shows the electric field pattern between two parallel charged metal plates. + - + - Metal plates Plat logam Diagram 22.http://banksoalanspm.com/ 24 31 Which electromagnetic wave has the shortest wavelength? Gelombang elektromagnet manakah mempunyai panjang gelombang terpendek? A B C D Radio wave Gelombang radio Microwave Gelombang mikro Gamma ray Sinar gama Ultraviolet Ultra ungu 32 Diagram 22. kekuatan medan elektrik berkurangan CONFIDENTIAL www.2 shows the pattern when the two plates are moved from each other.blogspot.1 Rajah 22.2 Rajah 22. Rajah 22. the strength of the electric field decreases Bila jarak di antara plat bertambah.banksoalanspm.blogspot. Rajah 22.com . Diagram 22.

blogspot.http://banksoalanspm. bagi suatu konduktor? A R B R d d C R D R d d 34 Three identical resistors are connected in four different arrangements.Which circuit has the smallest current? Tiga perintang yang sama disambungkan dalam empat susunan berbeza.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 33 25 4531/1 Which graph shows the correct relationship between resistance. R and diameter of wire.com . d.banksoalanspm.blogspot. d for a conductor? Graf manakah menunjukkan hubungan yang betul antara rintangan. R dan diameter dawai. Litar yang manakah mempunyai arus paling kecil? A B 1 1 1 1 1 1 C D R R 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.

2 shows the results obtained from the experiment.1 di bawah menunjukkan litar untuk mengkaji daya gerak elektrik.1 Diagram 23. Rajah 23.com/ 26 35 Diagram 23. Diagram 23. Rajah 23.2 Rajah 23.1 Rajah 23.com .blogspot. r suatu sel kering.1 shows an electric circuit to investigate the electromotive force. E and internal resistance.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm. E dan rintangan dalam.2 Which of the following shows the correct values of E and r ? Manakah di antara berikut menunjukkan nilai yang betul untuk E dan r? E A B C D Q P Q P r R P-Q P-Q R Q-P R P Q CONFIDENTIAL www. r of a dry cell.2 menunjukkan keputusan yang diperolehi dari eksperimen tersebut. V/V V P Q A I/A R Diagram 23.banksoalanspm.

blogspot. 15 minit C Fan 240 V 200 W. 10 minit B Kettle 240 V 600 W. 3 hours Kipas 240 V 200 W.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 36 27 4531/1 Which electrical appliance consumes the most energy? Alat elektrik yang manakah menggunakan tenaga paling banyak? A Blender 240 V 300 W.20 minit 37 Which of the following is used to determine the direction of the magnetic field of a currentcarrying conductor? Manakah di antara berikut digunakan untuk menentukan arah medan magnet suatu konduktor pembawa arus? A B C D Fleming’s left hand rule Petua tangan kiri Fleming Left-hand grip rule Petua genggaman tangan kiri Fleming’s right hand rule Petua tangan kanan Fleming Right-hand grip rule Petua genggaman tangan kanan 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.20 minutes Ketuhar 240V 1500W.banksoalanspm.com . 15 minutes Cerek 240V 600 W. 10 minutes Pengisar 240 V 300 W.3 jam D Oven 240 V 1500W.

com/ 28 38 Diagram 24 shows a copper wire placed between the poles of a magnet. Battery Bateri Plastic rod Rod plastik X Copper wire Wayar kuprum Motion of copper wire Gerakan wayar kuprum Magnet Magnet Y Diagram 24 Rajah 24 What are the poles of the magnet at X and Y if the copper wire moves in the direction shown? Apakah kutub bagi X dan Y jika wayar kuprum itu bergerak pada arah seperti mana yang ditunjukkan? X A B C D South Selatan Y South Selatan North Utara South Selatan South Selatan North Utara North Utara North Utara CONFIDENTIAL www. Rajah 24 menunjukkan seutas wayar kuprum yang diletakkan di antara dua kutub magnet.blogspot.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.com .banksoalanspm.

http://banksoalanspm.com .CRO.OSK.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 39 29 4531/1 Diagram 25 shows an electric generator connected to a cathode ray oscilloscope.blogspot. Rotation Putaran CRO OSK Diagram 25 Rajah 25 Which of the following traces represents the output current when the coil is rotated at a constant speed? Surihan yang manakah mewakili arus output apabila gegelung diputarkan pada kelajuan seragam? A B C D 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot. Rajah 25 menunjukkan sebuah penjana elektrik yang disambungkan pada osiloskop sinar katod.banksoalanspm.

sebuah transformer dan dua mentol yang serupa berkadar ‘12V 6W’.com .a.banksoalanspm. Np =1000 Ns = 100 Diagram 26 Rajah 26 What happens to the bulbs if another identical bulb is connected in series to the secondary circuit? Apakah yang berlaku pada mentol jika sebuah lagi mentol serupa disambungkan secara bersiri pada litar sekunder ? A B C D Become dimmer Menjadi malap Become brighter Menyala lebih cerah Blow up Terbakar Light up with normal brightness Menyala dengan kecerahan normal CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.com/ 30 40 Diagram 26 shows an electric circuit which consists of an altenating current supply. a transformer and two identical bulbs rated ‘12V 6W’.blogspot. Rajah 26 menunjukkan litar elektrik dengan bekalan arus ulangalik.. a..u.c.

com .blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 41 31 4531/1 Diagram 27 shows an electrical cable grid system that transmits electrical energy from the power station for domestic use.blogspot.banksoalanspm.http://banksoalanspm. Diagram 27 Rajah 27 Why is the electrical energy transmitted at a high potential difference? Mengapakah tenaga elektrik dipindahkan pada beza keupayaan tinggi ? A To increase the current in the cables Untuk meningkatkan arus yang mengalir melalui kabel B C To reduce the resistance of the cable Untuk mengurangkan rintangan kabel To increase the speed of transmission of energy Untuk meningkatkan kadar penghantaran tenaga D To reduce the power dissipated in the cables Untuk mengurangkan kuasa yang hilang dalam kabel 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www. Rajah 27 menunjukkan sistem grid kabel elektrik yang memindahkan tenaga elektrik daripada stesen kuasa kepada pengguna.

Rajah 28.com . supply to a resistor R.c a.u R to CRO ke OSK Diagram 28. Rajah 28.2 Diagram 28.01 s cm-1? Berapakah frekuensi bekalan arus ulangalik itu jika dasar-masa ditetapkan pada 0.banksoalanspm.1 Rajah 28. kepada perintang R. 1 cm 1 cm a. a.2 shows the trace formed on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope. Diagram 28.2 What is the frequency of the alternating current if the time-base is set to 0.c.01 s cm-1? A B C D 25 Hz 50 Hz 75 Hz 100 Hz CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot.1 Rajah 28. CRO.1 shows an electric circuit which connects an alternating current. a. OSK.com/ 32 42 Diagram 28.blogspot.1 menunjukkan litar elektrik yang menyambungkan arus ulangalik.http://banksoalanspm.u.2 menununjukkan surihan yang terhasil pada skrin osiloskop sinar katod.

a.http://banksoalanspm.t W X d.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 43 33 4531/1 Diagram 29 shows four diodes connected to a direct current power supply.t Y Z Diagram 29 Rajah 29 Which diodes are connected in forward bias? Diod yang manakah disambung secara pincang hadapan? A B C D W and Y W dan Y W and Z W dan Z X and Y X dan Y X and Z X dan Z 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.c Rajah 29 menunjukkan empat diod disambung kepada bekalan kuasa arus terus.blogspot.banksoalanspm.blogspot.c a.com . d.

Rajah 30 menunjukkan litar elektrik yang menghidupkan lampu secara automatik pada waktu siang.com/ 34 44 Diagram 30 shows the electric circuit which switches on the bulb automatically during the day.banksoalanspm.blogspot. Simbol komponen yang manakah perlu di sambungkan di P dan Q? P Q A B C D CONFIDENTIAL www.com . Which of the following are the symbols for the components which need to be connected at P and Q? Litar tersebut perlu diubahsuai untuk berfungsi sebagai penggera kebakaran.http://banksoalanspm. P Q Diagram 30 Rajah 30 The circuit needs to be modified so that it will function as a fire alarm.blogspot.

banksoalanspm.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.com .blogspot. Rajah 31 menunjukkan satu litar get logik dengan isyarat input X dan Y.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 45 35 4531/1 Diagram 31 shows a logic gate circuit with input signals X and Y. Input X Output Y Diagram 31 Rajah 31 Which output signals are produced by the logic gate circuit? Isyarat output yang manakah dihasilkan oleh litar get logik itu? A B C D 46 Which nuclide has the largest number of electrons? Nuklida yang manakah mempunyai bilangan elektron yang paling banyak? A B C D 1 1 4 2 7 3 H He Li 9 4 Be 4531/1 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.

beta and gamma rays in a strong magnetic field.http://banksoalanspm.com .blogspot.com/ 36 47 Diagram 32 shows the emission of alpha.banksoalanspm. Y dan Z? X A B C D Gamma Gama Y Beta Beta Z Alpha Alfa Alpha Alfa Gamma Gama Beta Beta Beta Beta Alpha Alfa Gamma Gama Beta Beta Gamma Gama Alpha Alfa CONFIDENTIAL www. beta dan gama dalam suatu medan magnet yang kuat.blogspot. Y X Z Diagram 32 Rajah 32 What are the radiations of X. Y and Z? Apakah sinar-sinar X. Rajah 32 menunjukkan pembebasan sinar alfa.

Berikut adalah keterangan suatu tindakbalas nukleus.com . • • • Combination of two lighter nuclei to form a heavier nucleus Kombinasi dua zarah ringan untuk membentuk satu zarah berat Releases an enormous amount of energy Membebaskan tenaga yang amat banyak Occurs at extremely high temperature and pressure Berlaku pada suhu dan tekanan yang sangat tinggi What is the name of the nuclear reaction described above? Apakah nama tindakbalas nukleus yang dinyatakan di atas? A B C D Chain reaction Tindakbalas rantaian Nuclear fusion Pelakuran nukleus Nuclear fission Pembelahan nukleus Exothermic reaction Tindakbalas eksotermik END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT CONFIDENTIAL www.60 Sodium .http://banksoalanspm.24 Sodium .14 Uranium – 235 Uranium .blogspot.24 50 Below is the description of a nuclear reaction.com/ 38 49 Which radioisotope can be used to sterilise medical instruments? Radioisotop yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk mensteril alatan perubatan? A B C D Carbon – 14 Karbon .banksoalanspm.blogspot.235 Cobalt – 60 Kobalt .

..... Class : ………..… Name : ………………………………………………….. PHYSICS Paper 2 September 2009 2 ½ hours Index Number : .. : ……………….... 1... MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TRIAL EXAMINATION 2009 Examiner’s Code PHYSICS Paper 2 4531/2 PHYSICS 2 Section Question 1 2 Marks 4 5 7 7 7 8 10 12 20 20 20 20 Total Score Two hours and thirty minutes DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO......blogspot....blogspot......... 4531/2 Identity Card No. The questions are written in English and bahasa Melayu 3 Candidates are required to read information at the back of the booklet the 3 A 4 5 6 7 8 9 B 10 11 C 12 _________________________________________________________________________ This booklet consists of 35 printed pages and 1 unprinted pages [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA www... 2......banksoalanspm....: …………………………………….. Write down your name and class in the space provided.......... College No......com/ CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 .http://banksoalanspm.com ............

15. 23. λ = Power (Kuasa). P = hρg Heat (Haba). (Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah. P = 1 1 1 = + f u v Linear magnification (Pembesaran linear). 10. 19. ρ = Pressure (Tekanan ). Refractive index (indeks biasan). The symbols have their usual meaning. 17.banksoalanspm. P = m V F A Pressure (Tekanan).com/ CONFIDENTIAL 2 4531/2 The following information may be useful. Q = ml PV = constant (pemalar ) T v = fλ Wavelength (panjang gelombang).com . n = real depth (dalam nyata) apparent depth (dalam ketara) Q = It V = IR 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot. 12. 8.blogspot. 4. 14. 11. 7. 21. M = Refractive index (indeks biasan). 9. 18. 3. Simbol-simbol mempunyai makna yang biasa.) 1. 13. 5. n = ax D E t v u sin i sin r 22. 2. v= s t v −u a= t v 2 = u 2 + 2as 1 s = ut + at 2 2 Momentum = mv F = ma Kinetic energy (Tenaga kinetik ) = ½ mv 2 Potential energy (Tenaga keupayaan) = mgh Density (Ketumpatan) . 16. 6. Q = mcθ Heat (Haba).http://banksoalanspm. 20.

http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 3 4531/2

24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.

Power (Kuasa), P = IV
N s Vs = N p Vp E = mc2

Efficiency (Kecekapan) =

I sVs × 100% I pV p

g = 10 m s -2 Atmospheric pressure at sea level (Tekanan atmosfera pada aras laut) = 1 x 10 5 Pa

[Turn over CONFIDENTIAL

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http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL
For Examiner’s use

4 Section A
Bahagian A

4531/2

[ 60 marks ] [ 60 markah ] Answer all questions in this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini

1

Diagram 1 shows two parallel resistors connected to a battery of 9.0 V.

9V

X
S

40

10

Y Y
Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a)

Based on Diagram 1
Berdasarkan Rajah 1

1(a)(i)
1

(i) What is instrument X?
Apakah nama alat X?

……….....………………………………………………………………….... [1mark]/[1 markah]
(ii) What is the physical quantity measured by instrument Y?

1(a)(ii)
1

Apakah kuantiti fizik yang diukur oleh alat Y ?

……….……………………………………………………………………………

[1mark]/[1 markah]

CONFIDENTIAL

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http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL (b) (i) 5 4531/2
For Examiner’s use

What is the potential difference across the 10 Ω resistor?
Apakah beza keupayaan merentasi perintang 10 ?

…………………………………………………………………………… [1mark]/[1 markah] (ii) Complete the following sentence by underlining the correct phrase in the bracket
Lengkapkan ayat berikut dengan mengariskan frasa yang betul di dalam kurungan.

1(b)(i)
1

the same as
sama dengan

When switch S is closed, the potential difference across the 40 resistor is
Apabila suis S ditutup, beza keupayaan merentasi perintang 40 adalah

less than
kurang dari

the potential difference across the 10 resistor.
beza keupayaan merentasi perintang 10 .

1(b)(ii)
1

more than

[1 mark]/[1 markah]

Total A1
4

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................... (a) 2(a) 1 What is meant by frequency? Apakah maksud frekuensi? ................. (i) 2(b)(i) 1 What is the wavelength of the water wave? Berapakah nilai panjang gelombang gelombang air tersebut? ...................... [1 mark]/[1 markah] (b) The distance between A and B is 5 cm................. Rajah 2 menunjukkan fotograf yang di ambil dari satu eksperimen tangki riak untuk mengkaji corak gelombang air.....blogspot.....................http://banksoalanspm.......banksoalanspm.....com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 6 4531/2 2 Diagram 2 shows a photograph taken from a ripple tank experiment to investigate the pattern of water waves...... B Vibrator Penggetar A Wavefront Muka gelombang A B Diagram 2 Rajah 2 The frequency of the vibrator is 20 Hz................................... [1 mark]/[1 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www..........com .....blogspot............... Frekuensi penggetar adalah 20 Hz.................................... Jarak antara A dan B ialah 5 cm.......................................

.... 2(b)(ii) 2 [2 marks]/[2 markah] (c) Predict the frequency of the water waves if the speed of the water increases......com ..http://banksoalanspm....................................blogspot..............................blogspot. Ramalkan frekuensi gelombang air jika halaju gelombang air bertambah...... Kira kelajuan gelombang air.banksoalanspm........................................ ................com/ CONFIDENTIAL 7 4531/2 For Examiner’s use (ii) Calculate the speed of the water wave.. [1 mark]/[1 markah] 2(c) 1 Total A2 5 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www....................

70 0........1 Rajah 3. (a) 3(a)(i) 1 (i) Name the principle above......... Bila suatu objek yang direndamkan sepenuh atau sebahagiannya di dalam bendalir...........banksoalanspm......1 the direction of the two forces acting on the hydrometer.....00 1..1 shows a freely floating hydrometer in water. Tandakan dengan anak panah arah daya-daya yang bertindak ke atas hidrometer pada Rajah 3. daya tujah yang bertindak ke atas objek itu adalah sama dengan berat bendalir yang tersesar. ggcm-3 -3 cm 0. Rajah 3..1 A principle states that.. [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Mark on Diagram 3.... 3(a)(ii) 1 [1mark] / [1 markah 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.1..... the buoyant force acting on the body is equal to the weight of the fluid it displaces. Namakan prinsip di atas.... …………………………….com ......80 0..com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 8 4531/2 3 Diagram 3.. When a body is immersed wholly or partially in a fluid....10 Water Air Diagram 3.blogspot.blogspot..... Satu prinsip menyatakan bahawa..http://banksoalanspm..1 menunjukkan hidrometer yang terapung pegun di dalam air.90 Hydrometer Hidrometer 1.....

1 3(b)(ii) 1 .....2 Rajah 3.........blogspot................... (Density of water = 1000 kg m-3) Rajah 3.. dikeringkan dan dimasukkan ke dalam minyak.22 N....22 N... Hidrometer itu dikeluarkan dari air....... compared to the length in water. Ramalkan panjang hidrometer yang tenggelam di dalam minyak......... (Ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m-3) (i) What is the buoyant force on the object? Berapakah daya apungan yang bertindak ke atas objek? 3(c)(i) 1 [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Determine the volume of the object..... Its apparent weight is 0. berbanding panjang di dalam air.2 menunjukkan satu objek yang mempunyai berat 0.. Tentukan isipadu objek itu....25 N terendam sepenuhnya di dalam air......blogspot...2 shows an object which has a weight of 0...... (i) Predict the length of the hydrometer that is submerged in oil.25 N fully immersed in water. [1mark] / [1 markah] (c) Diagram 3......http://banksoalanspm...com/ CONFIDENTIAL 9 4531/2 For Examiner’s use (b) The hydrometer is removed from water...com ...2 Diagram 3...... dried and then placed in oil...banksoalanspm.......... 3(b)(i) …………………………………………………………………………… [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Give a reason for your answer in 3(b)(i)....Berat ketara bahan itu ialah 0... Nyatakan satu alasan untuk jawapan anda dalam 3(b)(i).... 3(c)(ii) 2 Total A3 [2marks] / [2 markah] [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 7 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA www...........

Rajah 4. 4(a)(ii) 2 [2 marks]/ [2 markah] (b) The light ray is adjusted so that the angle at M is now 48o.2 Rajah 4. seperti ditunjukkan pada Rajah 4. Sinar cahaya dilaraskan supaya sudut di M ialah 48o.2 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.1 (a) 4(a)(i) (i) Based on Diagram 4.2 . Diagram 4. [1 mark]/ [1 markah] 1 (ii) Calculate the refractive index for the glass block.blogspot. the angle of 42o is known as: Berdasarkan Rajah 4.http://banksoalanspm.1. as shown in Diagram 4. Hitungkan indeks biasan bagi bongkah kaca itu. Diagram 4.com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 10 4531/2 4 Diagram 4.1 Rajah 4.1 .2.banksoalanspm. sudut 42o dikenali sebagai: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….1 shows a light ray incident into a glass block.blogspot.com .1 menunjukkan sinar cahaya merambat memasuki bongkah kaca.

complete the pathway for the light ray.banksoalanspm.......3 (i) On Diagram 4..............2........com .. Terangkan jawapan anda dalam 4(b)(i).... lengkapkan laluan sinar cahaya....................... Pada Rajah 4...........3 Rajah 4..3 shows a light ray propagating into a glass block.. complete the propagation of the light ray.. 4(b)(i) [1 mark] / [1 markah] 1 (ii) Explain your answer in 4(b) (i).. [1 mark] / [1 markah] Total A4 7 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.............. 4(b)(ii) 1 ... [1 mark] / [1 markah] What happens to the angle of refraction if a denser glass block is used? Apakah yang berlaku kepada sudut biasan jika bongkah kaca berketumpatan lebih tinggi digunakan? 4(c)(i) 1 (ii) 4(c)(ii) 1 ........... Pada Rajah 4...........................................http://banksoalanspm..................... Diagram 4..3 menunjukkan sinar cahaya merambat ke dalam sebuah bongkah kaca...blogspot............2..3..........com/ CONFIDENTIAL 11 4531/2 For Examiner’s use (i) On Diagram 4....blogspot..................... Rajah 4......... [1 mark] / [1 markah] (c) Diagram 4.....3. lengkapkan perambatan sinar cahaya.........................

com . Namakan jenis get logik yang menerima input A.com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 12 4531/2 5 Diagram 5.1. Berdasarkan Rajah 5.banksoalanspm. input A will be input A ialah 5(b)(i) on hidup off padam 2 - and so input B will be oleh itu input B akan menjadi on hidup off padam [2 marks] / [2 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.1 menunjukkan satu sistem elektronik yang digunakan untuk menghidupkan lampu keselamatan di luar rumah.blogspot. Rajah 5.1 Rajah 5. (i) If the surrounding is dark. ………………………………………………………………………………….blogspot. [1 mark]/[1markah] (b) Based on Diagram 5. complete the following sentences about input A. Light Dependent Resistor Perintang Peka Cahaya A B To relay operating security light Ke geganti pada lampu keselamatan Logic Gate X Get Logik X Infra Red Detector Pengesan Sinar Infra Merah C Diagram 5.http://banksoalanspm. B and C by placing the mark √ in the correct bracket.1 (a) 5(a)(i) 1 Name the type of logic gate which receives input A.1 shows an electronic system used to switch on a security light outside a house.1. B dan C dengan menandakan √ pada petak yang betul. Jika persekitaran gelap. lengkapkan ayat-ayat berikut mengenai input A.

2 Construct a truth table for the gate combination shown in Diagram 5...............2 5(d) 2 Total A5 [2 marks] / [2 markah] [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 7 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA www....2 menunjukkan gabungan tiga get logik.. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (d) Diagram 5....2 Rajah 5......... Lampu keselamatan perlu dihidupkan sekiranya seseorang dikesan dalam persekitaran bila gelap.... 5(c) 1 P Q T R S Diagram 5..... - input C will be input C akan menjadi on hidup off padam 5(b)(ii) 1 [1 mark] / [1 markah] (c) The security light should be switched on if a person is detected when it is dark........blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 13 4531/2 For Examiner’s use (ii) If a person is detected. Rajah 5................. .... Name the type of logic gate which should be used in the box marked ‘Logic Gate X’.........com ... Bina jadual kebenaran untuk gabungan get logik yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 5........... Namakan jenis get logik yang perlu digunakan dalam kotak bertanda ‘Get Logik X’....................blogspot........http://banksoalanspm............ Jika seseorang dikesan..2 shows a combination of three logic gates.banksoalanspm.....2.

Nombor proton.......banksoalanspm.... [1 mark] / [1 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.................................blogspot.... name the process involved in Diagram 6.. 6(b)(ii) 1 ........................2 (a) Based on Diagram 6... A........ melawan nombor proton...........................1 dan Rajah 6..1 Diagram 6................1......................2...... Z............2 menunjukkan dua graf nombor nukleon ............ 6(b)(i) 1 ....2 Rajah 6........1 and Diagram 6.. A A 216 214 212 210 208 206 81 82 83 Po 238 236 234 U Pb Th 232 230 Z 84 228 89 90 91 92 Z Diagram 6................1 Rajah 6...2.............................1........ Tuliskan persamaan untuk proses dalam Rajah 6......... against proton number....................................... A.. Namakan proses yang terlibat dalam Rajah 6.. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Based on (a)...... [1 mark] / [1 markah] (b) (i) Write down the equation for the process in Diagram 6.............blogspot... Nombor nukleus.............................................. Z for Polonium (Po) and Uranium (U) respectively...... Rajah 6......com ... .............2 show two graphs of nucleon number................. state the decrease in: Berdasarkan Rajah 6...... ........ [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) 6(a)(ii) 1 The proton number.......................1......... nyatakan pengurangan bagi: (i) 6(a)(i) 1 The nucleon number..............1........1 and Diagram 6.........1 dan Rajah 6....com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 14 4531/2 6 Diagram 6.... bagi Polonium(Po) dan Uranium (U)...http://banksoalanspm.............

................................blogspot... following the sewage pipe........ [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Compare the reading of the detector at points X and Y........................ Satu sumber radioaktif dimasukkan ke dalam sistem pembentungan tersebut.......................... Satu alat pengesan digerakkan di permukaan tanah...........banksoalanspm....blogspot................................ Bandingkan bacaan alat pengesan di titik X dan Y....3 shows a leaking underground ceramic sewage pipe.............. 6(c)(ii) 1 .....http://banksoalanspm......3 menunjukkan kebocoran paip pembentungan jenis seramik di bawah tanah.... [1 mark] / [1 markah] Total A6 8 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www...............3 Rajah 6.. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (iii) State the type of radiation used to detect the leakage of the sewage pipe......3 (i) Name the detector used.....com/ CONFIDENTIAL 15 4531/2 For Examiner’s use (iii) Why does the process in 6(b)(i) occur? Mengapa proses dalam 6(b)(i) berlaku? ....com ..... A radioactive tracer is released into the sewage system. Nyatakan jenis sinaran radioaktif yang digunakan untuk mengesan kebocoran paip pembentungan......................... A detector is then moved on the ground surface.......... Namakan alat pengesan yang digunakan................... Rajah 6... 6(c)(i) 1 ..................................................................................... 6(b)(ii) 1 A X Y B 1m 1m Sewage pipe Paip pembentungan Diagram 6........... di sepanjang paip pembentungan tersebut..................................... [1 mark] / [1 markah] (c) Diagram 6.................................................... 6(c)(ii) 1 ..........................

......................blogspot...http://banksoalanspm......com .......blogspot..................... Permanent magnet N X Magnet kekal S Armature armatur Carbon brush Berus karbon Diagram 7. [1mark] / [1 markah] (ii) 7(a)(ii) 1 What is the function of the part labeled X? Apakah fungsi bahagian yang berlabel X? ……………………………....... Namakan jenis motor yang ditunjukkan pada rajah di atas....banksoalanspm.........................................1 Rajah 7...1 shows a simple electric motor....1 menunjukkan sebuah motor elektrik ringkas..com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 16 4531/2 7 Diagram 7...1 (a) 7(a)(i) 1 (i) Name the type of motor shown in the diagram above.. [1mark] / [1 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www........ Rajah 7...................... ……………………………..

......1.........1... draw the related catapult field in the Examiner’s diagram below. Pada rajah anda............. Dengan merujuk Rajah 7.. Nyatakan satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kelajuan putaran gegelung wayar 7(b)(iii) ……………………………..... 2 7(b)(ii) 1 [1mark] / [1 markah] (iii) State one factor that affects the speed of rotation of the armature............. lukis dan labelkan arah daya-daya yang dihasilkan..... lukiskan medan lastik pada rajah di bawah. [1mark] / [1 markah] 1 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www......banksoalanspm.............blogspot.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL (b) (i) 17 4531/2 For By refering to Diagram 7.. use N S 7(b)(i) [2 marks ] / [2 markah] (ii) In your diagram. draw and label the direction of forces produced....http://banksoalanspm.com ..

...............2 Rajah 7................. Membolehkan motor digunakan dengan bekalan arus ulang alik.......banksoalanspm................... 7(c)(ii) 2 Menambahkan kekuatan medan magnet................. …………………………….............................2 menunjukkan motor elektrik yang sama jenis di dalam sebuah mesin pengisar yang digunakan untuk mengisar makanan di mana satu mata pisau disambungkan kepada motor elektrik To power supply Ke bekalan kuasa Attached to blade of blender Disambung kepada pisau pengisar Armature Armatur Permanent magnet Magnet kekal Diagram 7................. [2 marks] / [2 markah] Total A7 10 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www...........blogspot.............................................................com . Rajah 7............... …………………………….. ……………………………..................2 Suggest and explain the modifications which need to be done for each of the following: Cadang dan terangkan pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan untuk setiap yang berikut: (i) 7(c)(i) 2 To enable the motor to be used with alternating current..2 shows the same type of electric motor used in a blender to grind food where a blade is attached to the electric motor.............. ……………………………...com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 18 4531/2 (c) Diagram 7.......... [2 marks] / [2 markah] (ii) To increase the strength of the magnetic field ...................http://banksoalanspm...........................blogspot...

[1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Calculate the energy of athlete P when he reaches the end of the 8 m rope....blogspot....http://banksoalanspm. Only one athlete will be chosen to compete in the “Ninja Warrior Competition”...... Jadual 8 menunjukkan maklumat untuk tiga orang atlet..com/ CONFIDENTIAL 19 4531/2 For Examiner’s use 8 Diagram 8... Hanya seorang atlet yang akan dipilih untuk bertanding dalam “Pertandingan Pahlawan Ninja”......1 menunjukan tiga orang atlet sedang berlatih dalam latihan memanjat tali...... Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku semasa atlet P memanjat ke atas..........................1 Rajah 8...banksoalanspm........... P Q Diagram 8........com .......1 shows three athletes in a rope climbing exercise.... These three athletes practise rope climbing at different venues... 8(a)(ii) 2 [2 marks]/[2 markah] [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA www..blogspot......1 R Table 8 shows information for the three athletes... Rajah 8.... Athlete Atlet Mass/ kg Jisim/ kg Length of rope / m Panjang tali/ m Time/s Masa/s P Q R 50 45 55 8 12 10 Table 8 Jadual 8 115 160 150 (a) (i) State the energy changes that occur as athlete P climbs upwards.. Hitungkan tenaga bagi atlet P apabila dia sampai di hujung atas tali 8 m......... Tiga atlet tersebut berlatih memanjat di tempat yang berbeza.......... 8(a)(i) 1 ......

.... [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) State one reason for the answer in 8 (c)(i)...................... 1 …………………………………………………………………………..............com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s use 20 4531/2 (b) Calculate the power used to climb the rope for each athlete............ which athlete is the most suitable to be chosen as representative in that competition? Berdasarkan jawapan di 8(b).......... 8(c)(ii) .blogspot..... [1 mark] / [1 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www....blogspot................com .......banksoalanspm........................... (i) Athlete P Atlet P (ii) Athlete Q Atlet Q (iii) Athlete R Atlet R 8(b) 4 [4 marks] / [4 markah] (c) (i) Based on the answer in 8(b)....http://banksoalanspm........................................... Hitungkan kuasa yang digunakan untuk memanjat tali bagi setiap atlet...... atlet manakah yang paling sesuai untuk dipilih sebagai wakil dalam pertandingan itu? 8(c)(i) 1 ... Nyatakan satu sebab bagi jawapan di 8(c) (i)...............................................................

banksoalanspm. (Use the scale 1 cm : 40 N) Pada ruang di bawah. Jumlah jisim bagi pemberat besi ialah 200 N.2 shows a boy lifting an iron weight. draw the scale drawing of the triangle of forces to determine the value of T1.2 Rajah 8.2 The total weight of the iron weights is 200 N.com .2 menunjukkan seorang budak lelaki mengangkat sebuah pemberat besi. (Gunakan skala 1 cm : 40 N) 8(d) 3 Total A8 T1 = _______________ N [3 marks] / [3 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 12 www. balanced on an iron rod.http://banksoalanspm. Pemberat besi tersebut diimbangkan dengan menggunakan batang besi.blogspot. lukis lukisan berskala segitiga keseimbangan daya untuk menentukan nilai T1. T1 adalah daya tolakan dikenakan oleh tangan budak lelaki untuk mengimbangi batang besi tersebut In the space below.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 21 4531/2 For Examiner’s use (d) Diagram 8.blogspot. Iron rod Batang besi 400 T1 400 T1 Iron weight Pemberat besi Diagram 8. The iron weights are Rajah 8. T1 is the pushing force exerted by the boy’s hands in balancing the iron rod.

blogspot.com .banksoalanspm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 22 4531/2 BLANK PAGE HALAMAN KKOSONG 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.blogspot.

Pengubahsuaian yang dibuat mestilah melibatkan aspek-aspek berikut: (i) (ii) Thermometer reading Bacaan termometer Thermometer materials and structure Bahan dan struktur termometer [10 marks] / [10 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www. The modifications must include the following aspects:Menggunakan konsep-konsep fizik yang sesuai. cadangkan dan terangkan pengubahsuaian struktur dan rekabentuk termometer supaya sesuai untuk makmal fizik di sekolah.banksoalanspm.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 25 4531/2 Using appropriate physics concepts. suggest and explain modifications needed in the structure and design of the thermometer to suit a school’s physics laboratory.http://banksoalanspm.com .blogspot.

bandingkan (i) distance between the two coherent sources.http://banksoalanspm. Hubungkaitkan jarak di antara dua sumber koheren dengan jarak di antara dua garis antinod berturutan. jarak di antara dua garis antinod yang berturutan. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) vertical distance between point P and the respective coherent sources. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (c) Relate the distance between the two coherent sources with the distance between two consecutive antinodes.1 dan Rajah 10.2. Rajah 10.1 and Diagram 10.blogspot.banksoalanspm.blogspot.2 show the pattern of interference of water waves. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (iv) distance between two consecutive antinodes.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 26 4531/2 10 Diagram 10.1 dan Rajah 10.2. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (iii) wavelength of the propagating water wave.1 Diagram 10.2 Rajah 10.1 and Diagram 10. [1 mark] / [1 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.com . panjang gelombang bagi gelombang air yang merambat. compare the Menggunakan Rajah 10. Coherent sources Punca koheren Coherent sources Punca koheren P P Diagram 10.2 (a) How does constructive interference occur? Bagaimana interferens membina terjadi? [1 mark] / [1 markah] (b) Using Diagram 10. jarak di antara dua sumber koheren.1 Rajah 10.2 menunjukkan corak interferens bagi gelombang air. jarak menegak di antara titik P dan sumber koheren berkaitan.

http://banksoalanspm. Rajah 10.3 Using physics concept(s).banksoalanspm. Rajah 10.4 menunjukkan sebuah bot milik seorang nelayan.3 menunjukkan seorang ibu berdiri di balkoni memanggil anak lelakinya untuk makan tengahari.4 Rajah 10.4 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.4 Diagram 10.com . Mother Ibu Balcony Balkoni Son Anak Apartment Building Bangunan pangsapuri Diagram 10. Diagram 10.4 shows a boat belonging to a fisherman.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 27 4531/2 (d) Diagram 10.3 shows a mother standing on a balcony calling her son for lunch.blogspot. terangkan mengapa anaknya tidak dapat mendengar panggilannya dengan jelas.3 Rajah 10.blogspot. [4 marks] / [4 markah] (e) Diagram 10. Dengan menggunakan konsep fizik. explain why her son could not hear her clearly.

Bot tersebut dan mereka ingin membuat dalam Rajah 10.http://banksoalanspm.banksoalanspm.blogspot. The modifications should include the following aspects:Menggunakan konsep-konsep fizik yang sesuai. suggest and explain the modifications that have to be done to the boat. The boat in Diagram 10.com . Using the appropriate physics concepts. cadang dan terangkan pengubahsuaian yang perlu dibuat ke atas bot tersebut. Sekumpulan nelayan merancang untuk menangkap ikan di laut dalam selama tiga bulan.4 is not suitable for the job and they decide to make modifications to it.blogspot. Pengubahsuaian yang dibuat mestilah melibatkan aspekaspek berikut:- (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Shape of the boat Bentuk bot Material used to build the boat (Two factors) Bahan yang digunakan untuk membina bot( Dua faktor) Type of wave used to detect the fish Jenis gelombang yang digunakan untuk mengesan ikan The freshness of the fish Kesegaran ikan [10 marks] / [10 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.4 tidak sesuai untuk aktiviti pengubahsuaian.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 28 4531/2 A group of fishermen plan to go for deep-sea fishing for three months.

terangkan laluan pancutan air dari Q. R and S. Bekas di isikan dengan air sehingga aras P.1 (a) (i) What is meant by pressure? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan tekanan? [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) When the stoppers are removed.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 29 Section C Bahagian C 4531/2 [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini 11 Diagram 11. R dan S. The container is filled with water up to level P. R dan S. R dan S di sisinya. [4 marks] / [4 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.blogspot. water spurts out of Q. R dan S. Menggunakan konsep fizik. Rajah 11. Draw and label a diagram to show the paths of water spurting out from holes Q.http://banksoalanspm.com .blogspot. R and S. explain the paths of the water spurting out at Q.1 Rajah 11. R and S drilled on its side. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (iii) Using physics concept(s). R and S. Level P Aras P Q Container Bekas R S Stopper Penutup Water air Diagram 11.1 shows a tall container that has three equal size holes Q.1 menunjukkan sebuah bekas yang tinggi ditebuk dengan tiga lubang yang sama saiz Q. Lukis dan label satu rajah untuk menunjukkan laluan pancutan air dari lubang-lubang Q. Apabila penutup-penutup itu dibuka. air memancut keluar dari Q.banksoalanspm.

[10 marks] / [10 markah] 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www. Hitungkan daya yang bertindak pada omboh B. 50 N Load Beban Piston A moves 21 cm downwards Omboh A bergerak 21 cm ke bawah Piston A Omboh A Piston B Omboh B (2 cm ) 2 (15 cm2) Liquid Cecair Diagram 11. Terangkan kesesuaian aspek-aspek itu. Justify your choice.blogspot. Satu beban diletakkan di atas omboh B yang mempunyai luas keratan rentas 15 cm2.http://banksoalanspm. M and N with different specifications. M dan N dengan spesifikasi yang berbeza. Beri sebab bagi pilihan anda. (i) Calculate the force acting on piston B. Kaji spesifikasi keempat-empat kapal selam itu dari aspek berikut: - Waves for detection purposes Gelombang untuk tujuan pengesanan Optical instruments Alat-alat optik Shape of submarine Bentuk kapal selam Sources of energy Sumber-sumber tenaga Explain the suitability of the aspects.2 A force of 50 N is applied on piston A of cross-sectional area 2 cm2. [2 marks] / [2 markah] (c) Table 11.3 shows four submarines K. Study the specification of the four submarines from the following aspects: Jadual 11.2 shows a hydraulic system used to raise a load. Anda dikehendaki menentukan kapal selam yang paling sesuai untuk kegunaan pertahanan. Rajah 11. L. [2 marks] / [2 markah] (ii) Calculate the distance moved by piston B if the distance moved by piston A is 21 cm. L. Hitungkan jarak yang dilalui oleh omboh B jika omboh A bergerak ke bawah sebanyak 21 cm.com .2 menunjukkan satu sistem hidraulik yang digunakan untuk menaikkan beban.3 menunjukkan empat kapal selam K. Daya 50 N dikenakan ke atas omboh A yang mempunyai luas keratan rentas 2 cm2. A load is placed on piston B of cross-sectional area 15 cm2.2 Rajah 11.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL (b) 30 4531/2 Diagram 11.banksoalanspm. You are required to determine the most suitable submarine for defense purposes.

3 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm.com .banksoalanspm.3 Jadual 11.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 31 4531/2 Submarine Kapal Selam Waves for the Detector Gelombang untuk Alat Pengesan Energy Source Sumber Tenaga Optical Instrument and Ballast Tank Alat Optik dan Tangki Balast Optical Instrument (Periscope) Alat optik (Periskop) K Microwaves Gelombang Mikro Petroleum Petroleum Ballast tank Tangki balast Optical Instrument (Telescope) Alat optik (Teleskop) L Ultrasonic Waves Gelombang Ultrasonik Nuclear Nuklear Ballast tank Tangki balast Optical Instrument (Periscope) Alat optik (Periskop) M Ultrasonic Waves Gelombang Ultrasonik Nuclear Nuklear Ballast tank Tangki balast Optical Instrument (Telescope) Alat optik (Teleskop) N Microwaves Gelombang Mikro Petroleum Petroleum Ballast tank Tangki balast Table 11.blogspot.blogspot.

com/ CONFIDENTIAL 32 4531/2 12 A typical torchlight with batteries is shown in Diagram 12. 1.1 Jadual 12.1 Rajah 12.http://banksoalanspm. [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Draw a circuit diagram for the torchlight in Diagram 12.blogspot. Namakan jenis arus yang digunakan dalam lampu suluh.banksoalanspm.1 (a) (i) Name the type of current used in the torchlight.blogspot.1 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.2 kW 10 Washing machine Mesin pembasuh pakaian 12 2 Table 12.com . Jadual 12. Lukiskan gambarajah litar untuk lampu suluh dalam Rajah 12. Appliance Alatan Appliance Specification/ Resistance Spesifikasi/Rintangan Alatan Duration switched on per day (hours) Masa dihidupkan dalam sehari (jam) Refrigerator Peti sejuk 240 V. 1 kW 24 Air conditioner Alat penyaman udara 240 V. Switch suis Diagram 12.1.1 gives details of the electricity used by three electrical appliances in a household with a 240 V mains power supply.1 menunjukkan ciri-ciri penggunaan tenaga elektrik oleh tiga alat elekrik di rumah di mana bekalan sesalur elektrik ialah 240 V.1.1 .1 Lampu suluh biasa dengan bateri ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 12. [3 marks] / [3 markah] (b) Table 12.

Electrical energy Tenaga elektrik Cost per unit (RM) Kos per unit (RM) 0.banksoalanspm.com . Tarif tenaga elektrik untuk kegunaan rumah diberikan seperti Jadual 12.2 First 100 units 100 unit pertama Second 100 units 100 unit kedua Above 200 units 200 unit seterusnya Calculate. The total energy consumed by the appliances in one month (30 days).blogspot. (i) (ii) (iii) The total energy consumed in one day.2 Jadual 12. (i) A fuse in a power plug is labeled ‘8 A’.20 0. Q. Jadual 12. Jumlah tenaga yang digunakan oleh alatan dalam masa sebulan (30 hari).blogspot. R dan S yang terdapat di pasaraya.23 0.2. Study the pictures and the specifications for the following aspects : Anda diminta untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri P.3 menunjukkan empat jenis penyambung soket kuasa P.25 Table 12. R and S available in a supermarket. Jumlah tenaga yang digunakan dalam sehari. R and S untuk kegunaan biasa di rumah. What does the label ‘8A’ mean? Fius pada satu plag kuasa berlabel ‘8A’.2. Q. Penjimatan tenaga dan keselamatan perlu diberi pertimbangan apabila membeli dan menggunakan perkakasan dan alatan elektrik. Kaji gambar-gambar dan spesifikasi untuk aspek-aspek berikut: 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA [Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 33 4531/2 The electricity tariff for domestic use is given in Table 12.3 shows four types of power socket extensions P. Jumlah kos dalam masa sebulan (30 hari).http://banksoalanspm. Q. Kirakan. The total cost in one month (30 days). Apakah maksudkan label ’8A’ itu? [1 mark] / [1 markah] (ii) Table 12. You are asked to evaluate the characteristics of the four power socket extensions for normal home use. [5 marks] / [5 markah] (c) Energy efficiency and safety are important considerations in the purchase and use of electrical products and appliances.

blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 34 Safety Keselamatan 4531/2 - - Energy efficiency Penjimatan tenaga - Control of electrical appliance Kawalan alat elektrik Using physics concepts.blogspot. Menggunakan konsep-konsep fizik.com . explain the suitability of the power socket extensions for each aspect. terangkan kesesuaian penyambung soket kuasa bagi setiap aspek. [10 marks] / [10 markah 4531/2 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.banksoalanspm.http://banksoalanspm. Determine the most suitable socket extension and justify your choice. Tentukan penyambung soket yang paling sesuai dan nyatakan sebab bagi pilihan anda.

. Candidates are required to read the information at the back of the booklet. The questions are written in English and Bahasa Melayu.. Write down your name. 1 B 2 Total This paper consists of 18 printed pages and 2 blank pages 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www... CLASS: .. 3.blogspot. MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TRIAL EXAMINATION 2009 PHYSICS Paper 3 One hour and thirty minutes 4 5 3 1 3 DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO 1. and your class in the space provided.. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa..com/ CONFIDENTIAL 4531/3 Physics Paper 3 Sept 2009 1 ½ hours 1 4531/3 NAME:……………………………………………………….... Examiner’s Code Section Question 1 A 2 12 12 12 Marks 16 Score 2...... COLLEGE NO..…. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang buku soalan ini.. : ……………….http://banksoalanspm. college no.. maktab dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan.... Tulis nama.blogspot.com .banksoalanspm. no.

v Light source Sumber cahaya Object distance.blogspot. v bagi satu kanta cembung. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between object distance.blogspot.com . u Jarak objek.1 Rajah 1. u and image distance.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 2 Section A Bahagian A 4531/3 [28 marks] [28 markah] Answer all questions in this section Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini 1. u To power supply Ke bekalan kuasa Diagram 1. v for a convex lens. Image Imej Screen Skrin Convex lens Kanta cembung Object Objek Image distance. Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara jarak objek.banksoalanspm. u dan jarak imej. The apparatus is set up as shown in Diagram 1.1.1. Susunan radas bagi eksperimen ini ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1.http://banksoalanspm. v Jarak imej.1 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.

0 cm v1 = ………….2. v is measured and recorded.0 cm.0 cm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 3 4531/3 The student starts the experiment with an object distance of 8. 1. cm Diagram 1. v diukur dan direkodkan.2. v ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1. 1.0 dan 28.0 cm.blogspot. 1.2 Rajah 1.0 cm. 16.blogspot.0 cm.3.3.0 cm. 1.7. 24. 20.0 cm.0 cm.4.6 and 1. The image distances.The image distance between the convex lens and the screen.2 Turn over 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.4.banksoalanspm. Kedudukan skrin dilaraskan sehingga imej yang tajam terbentuk.. v are shown in Diagrams 1.6 dan 1. Eksperimen diulangi dengan jarak objek 12. 20. 1. The experiment is repeated with the object distances of 12.5. 1. 16.com . cm 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 u1 = 8.0 cm. 24..5.7.0 cm and 28. Pelajar itu memulakan eksperimen dengan jarak objek 8. 1. Jarak imej antara kanta cembung dan skrin. 1.0 cm. The position of the screen is adjusted until a sharp image is formed on the screen. Jarak imej.http://banksoalanspm.

.…..blogspot. cm Diagram 1.http://banksoalanspm..3 cm 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 u3 = 16. cm Diagram 1.com ..0 cm v3 = ……….….com/ CONFIDENTIAL 4 4531/3 cm 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 u2 = 12.banksoalanspm..4 Rajah 1.3 Rajah 1.blogspot.0 cm v2 = …….4 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www.

http://banksoalanspm.0 cm v4 = ……….6 Rajah 1...banksoalanspm.5 cm 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 u5 = 24.blogspot. cm Diagram 1.6 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www..blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 5 4531/3 cm 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 u4 = 20.5 Rajah 1.…. cm Diagram 1.0 cm v5 = …….…….com .

7 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA CONFIDENTIAL www...blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 6 4531/3 cm 01 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 13 14 u6 = 28.com .banksoalanspm.…….7 Rajah 1.blogspot.0 cm v6 = ……. cm Diagram 1.

...... 5 dan 6..3............6 and 1. 5 dan 6: (i) 1(b)(i) 2 Record the image distances...7 di halaman 3.......2......................1.com ... Untuk bahagian soalan ini. Catat jarak imej... kenal pasti: (i) The manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan ..... identify: Bagi eksperimen yang diterangkan di halaman 2........... [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) For this part of the question...... v....4........ 4. [1 mark] [1 markah] (iii) 1(a)(iii) 1 The constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan ..blogspot. 1....................com/ CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s Use 1(a)(i) 1 7 4531/3 (a) For the experiment described on pages 2.......5.......................... 4. 4........ 1...................7 on pages 3.......................... 5 and 6.5. tulis jawapan anda dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam rajah-rajah yang sepadan............. v......... 1.......banksoalanspm........................3..2..... [2 marks] [2 markah] 4531/3 ©2009 Copyright Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) MARA Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www....... 1....4.... 1..... 1.... write your answers in the spaces provided in the corresponding diagrams. Based on Diagrams 1............6 and 1............. 5 and 6: Berdasarkan Rajah 1........... 3.http://banksoalanspm...blogspot....... 4... 3... 1. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) 1(a)(ii) 1 The responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas .

.... below..........banksoalanspm. state the relationship between Berdasarkan graf anda di 1(c)... 1(d) 1 [1 mark] [1 markah] TOTAL 16 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) CONFIDENTIAL www..com/ CONFIDENTIAL 8 4531/3 (ii) Tabulate your results for all values of u......... v.......................... and dan in the space For Examiner’s Use dalam ruang di 1(b)(ii) [5 marks] [5 markah] 5 (c) On the graph paper on page 9............................. v.com .. Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi semua nilai u....... bawah........... 1(c) [5 marks] [5 markah] 5 (d) Based on your graph in 1(c).......http://banksoalanspm...........blogspot.. nyatakan hubungan antara dan and .................. draw a graph of Pada kertas graf di halaman 9............ lukis graf melawan against ...blogspot..

blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.banksoalanspm.blogspot.com .com/ CONFIDENTIAL Graph of 9 against / Graf melawan 4531/3 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.

com . Diagram 2. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the base current.1 menunjukkan litar elektrik yang digunakan dalam eksperimen itu.http://banksoalanspm.1 shows the electric circuit used in the experiment.blogspot. IC mA IB µA B C 6V E 1.1 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) CONFIDENTIAL www. IB dan arus pengumpul. IC bagi satu transistor.blogspot. Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan dalam graf IB melawan IC pada Rajah 2. Rajah 2. The results of this experiment are shown in the graph of IC against IB in Diagram 2. IC of a transistor.2.2.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 10 4531/3 2.1 Rajah 2. Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara arus tapak.5V IE Diagram 2.banksoalanspm. IB and the collector current.

2 Turn over CONFIDENTIAL 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) www.blogspot.banksoalanspm.com .2 25 30 35 -6 40 IB (x10 ) /A Diagram 2.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 11 Graph of IC against IB Graf IC melawan IB 4531/3 IC (x10 -3) /A 4 3 2 1 0 5 10 15 20 Rajah 2.

Dengan menggunakan jawapan dari a(iii) dan formula IE = (m + 1) IB . Berdasarkan graf pada Rajah 2. 2(a)(ii) IC = ……………………. 2(b)(i) [2 marks] [2 markah] 2 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) CONFIDENTIAL www... [3 marks] [3 markah] 3 (iii) Calculate the gradient.. m bagi graf itu. Show on the graph how you determine m.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm..blogspot. 2(a)(iii) m = ……………………… [3 marks] [3 markah] 3 (b) (i) By using the answer in a(iii) and formula IE = (m + 1) IB.2. Hitung kecerunan. kira nilai IE apabila IB = 25 x 10 -6A. m.. Nyatakan hubungan antara IC dan IB..banksoalanspm.. ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 2(a)(i) 1 (ii) Determine the value of IC when IB = 35 x 10-6 A. Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda mendapat jawapan.. calculate the value of IE when IB = 25 x 10 -6A. of the graph.com/ CONFIDENTIAL (a) 12 4531/3 For Examiner’s Use Based on the graph in Diagram 2. Show on the graph how you get the answer.. Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan m.. (i) State the relationship between IC and IB.2.com . Tentukan nilai IC apabila IB = 35 x 10-6 A.

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The common base current gain, α is given by the formula :

Gandaan arus tapak sepunya, α diberi oleh formula:

2(b)(ii)
2

By using the answers in a(iii) and b(i), calculate the value of α when

IB = 25 x 10−6 A.
Dengan menggunakan jawapan dalam a(iii) dan b(i), kirakan nilai α apabila IB = 25 x10−6 A.

2(c)
1

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c)

State one precaution step that should be taken to improve the results of this experiment.
Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yang patut di ambil bagi menghasilkan keputusan eksperimen yang lebih baik.

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…………......................……………………………………………............. [1 mark]
[1 markah]

TOTAL
12

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1 shows two identical lorries which are at rest when the traffic light is red. Rajah 3. Apabila lampu isyarat bertukar kepada hijau.blogspot. Digram 3. Diagram 3. 3.2 menunjukkan kedudukan kedua-dua lori selepas dua minit.com . both lorries start to accelerate with the same forward thrust. Diagram 3.blogspot.http://banksoalanspm.banksoalanspm. Rajah 3.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 16 Section B Bahagian B 4531/3 [12 marks] [12 markah] Answer any one question from this section Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini. When the red light turns green.2 shows the positions of both lorries after two minutes.1: Apabila lampu isyarat merah Diagram 3. kedua-dua lori mula memecut dengan daya tujahan yang sama.1 : When the traffic light is red Rajah 3.2: Selepas 2 minit memecut 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.1 menunjukkan dua buah lori yang serupa dalam keadaan pegun apabila lampu isyarat adalah merah.2 : After 2 minutes accelerating Rajah 3.

state clearly the following: Dalam penerangan anda. The list of apparatus and materials. [10 marks] [10 markah] 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www. In your description. The variables in the experiment. Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen. Prosedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas. [1mark] [1 markah] (c) With the use of apparatus such as a trolley. The arrangement of the apparatus.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 17 4531/3 Based on the information and observation.com .blogspot. Senarai radas dan bahan. (vi) (v) The way you tabulate the data. The procedure of the experiment which should include one method of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding variable.http://banksoalanspm. The way you analyse the data. Cara anda menjadualkan data.banksoalanspm. terangkan satu rangka kerja eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3(b). [1mark] [1 markah] (b) State one appropriate hypothesis that could be investigated. jelaskan perkara berikut: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) The aim of the experiment. ticker timer. Tujuan eksperimen. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai dan boleh disiasat.blogspot. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. describe one experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b). Cara anda menganalisis data. gelang getah dan lain-lain radas. rubber band and other apparatus. jangkamasa detik. Dengan menggunakan radas seperti troli. (a) State one suitable inference. Susunan radas. Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian tersebut.

2 menunjukkan sebuah loceng elektrik disambungkan kepada sebuah ammeter dan punca bekalan kuasa.2 Rajah 4.1. When the switch is closed.1. Apabila suis ditutup.2 Turn over 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) CONFIDENTIAL www.http://banksoalanspm. Diagram 4. ammeter 0 A Battery bateri Switch suis Electric bell Loceng elektrik Diagram 4.banksoalanspm.2 berdering lebih kuat dari loceng dalam Rajah 4.1 ammeter 0 A Batteries Beberapa bateri Switch suis Electric bell Loceng elektrik Diagram 4.1dan 4.2 rings louder than the bell in Diagram 4. it is observed that the bell in Diagram 4.1 and 4.com .1 Rajah 4.blogspot. didapati loceng dalam Rajah 4.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 18 4531/3 4. Rajah 4.blogspot.2 show the electric circuits which connects an electric bell to an ammeter and a power supply.

describe one experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b). Dengan menggunakan radas seperti solenoid. The list of apparatus and materials. Tujuan eksperimen. In your description. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [1 mark] [1 markah] (c) With the use of apparatus such as a solenoid. nyatakan dengan jelas perkara berikut: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) The aim of the experiment. Cara anda menjadualkan data. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai dan boleh disiasat. [10 marks] [10 markah] END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) CONFIDENTIAL www. Susunan radas.blogspot. Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 19 Based on the information and observation above.http://banksoalanspm. klip kertas dan lain-lain radas. Prosedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas. (vi) (v) The way you tabulate the data.banksoalanspm. The way you analyse the data. Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen. Senarai radas dan bahan. state clearly the following: Dalam penerangan anda. The variables in the experiment. The procedure of the experiment.com . Cara anda menganalisis data. [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) State one appropriate hypothesis that could be investigated. terangkan satu rangka kerja eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 4(b). The arrangement of the apparatus. paper clips and other apparatus. 4531/3 (a) State one suitable inference. which should includes one method of controlling the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding variable.

com .http://banksoalanspm.banksoalanspm.blogspot.blogspot.com/ CONFIDENTIAL 20 4531/3 BLANK PAGE HALAMAN KOSONG 4531/3 © 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan dan Latihan (Menengah) Turn over CONFIDENTIAL www.