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Published by: Padmini Bhat on May 09, 2012
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www.sapendusers.com www.sapendusers.com

What is ERP?
An Enterprise Resource Planning system is a packaged business software system that allows a company to:

Automate and integrate the majority of its business processes Ÿ Share common data and practices across the entire enterprise Ÿ Produce and access information in a realtime environment



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What is SAP



sapendusers.sapendusers.What is S A P SAP Stands for Click to edit Master subtitle style Systems Applications and Products www.com www.com .

Applications.com www. Founded in Walldorf. Germany in 1972 www.com ..sapendusers.sapendusers. Products..About SAP Systems.

000 R/3 installations worldwide •An average of 25% of revenue invested in R&D www.sapendusers.com www.sapendusers.com •High customer and employee satisfaction .500.000 users in over 50 countries •Over 21.World Leader in enterprise business software solutions •4th SAP Facts & Figures largest independent software supplier in Click to edit the world Master subtitle style •Largest ERP vendor •More than 2.

sapendusers.com www.Why SAP is Unique Ÿ Highly integrated ŸComprehensive functionality ŸComplex data structures ŸAvailability of data ŸSingle point of entry ŸOn-line data capture and real-time update ŸRequires strong application knowledge ŸCauses personnel and organizational structure changes ŸCauses business process changes www.sapendusers.com .

sapendusers.SAP Business Partners Business Development Partners Logo and Implementation Partners Platform Partners Technology Partners www.com www.sapendusers.com .

com Early Groups Computing Center Management System CCMS www.sapendusers.sapendusers.com .Support & Services Competen ce Centers OS S SAP Employees over 18.000 consultants trained in SAP worldwide Training over 400 different SAP training courses Online Service System ( 24 hours a day 7 days a week ) Hotline Remo te Suppo rt User www.330 worldwide Logo/Implementation Partners over 10.

Distribution. Steel 08 Industrial and Commercial Machinery 09 Automotive 10 Ship.sapendusers. Aerospace & Train Construction 11 Transportation Services.sapendusers. Banks and Insurance 23 Government. Tourism 12 Electronic/Optic Equip. Mining Agriculture 02 Oil and Gas 03 Chemical 04 Pharmaceutical 05 Building Materials..com www. Public Admin. Software 28 Services www. Common Devices 13 Wood and Paper 14 Furniture Industries Served By SAP 15 16 Consumer Packaged Goods . Media 20 Storage. Metal Products. and Services 24 Museums and Associations 25 Healthcare and Hospitals 26 Educational Institutions. Glass 06 Building and Heavy Construction 07 Primary Metal.com .Food Consumer Packaged Goods Non-Food 17 Clothing and Textiles 18 Retail and Wholesale 19 Communication Services. Clay. Shipping 21 Utilities 22 Financial Services.01 Raw Materials. Research 27 Consulting. Unis.

6.SAP .com www.2h Ÿ 3.0f . 4. 4.0.6b. 3.0e.1i Ÿ 4.0d. 4.sapendusers. 3. 4.0b.The Product ŸOriginal product was SAP R/2 on the mainframe introduced in 1972 ŸSAP R/3 introduced for smaller platforms in 1992 ŸDeveloped using a fourth generation proprietary language developed by SAP called ABAP/4 ŸMajor SAP versions: Ÿ 2.7 Ÿ 5.0 www.sapendusers.5b.1g.6c. 3.1h. 3. 3.com .

sapendusers.SAP .com .Enterprise System Click to edit Master subtitle style www.com www.sapendusers.

SAP .sapendusers.sapendusers.com .com www.Client/Server Environment • Client – Software/hardware combination that can make a request for services from a Click to edit Master subtitle style central repository of resources • Server – Software/hardware combination that can provide services to a group of clients in a controlled environment www.

com .com www.Three-Tier SAP Structure • GUI – Graphical User Interface or Web Interface • Application server (one or many) • Database server (one single location) Click to edit Master subtitle style www.sapendusers.sapendusers.SAP .

com www. targeted to specialized vertical industries: Ÿ Industry Solutions (IS) Ÿ Special set of modules positioned between the technical and functional areas of the system: Ÿ Cross Application (CA) Modules Ÿ Workflow (WF) www.sapendusers.sapendusers.com .SAP Components Ÿ SAP R/3 is comprised of modules categorized in three core functional areas: • Financial • Human Resources • Logistics Ÿ Special software packages on top of R/3.

. www. . .com www. . .com . .sapendusers. .Financial Accounting q q FI q q q q General Ledger Accounts Receivable Accounts Payable Tax and Financial Reports Special Purpose Ledger Legal Consolidations Financial Applications.sapendusers.

.sapendusers. . . www. . .sapendusers.com .com www. .Controlling q q CO q q q q Cost Center Accounting Profit Center Accounting Product Cost Controlling Profitability Analysis Activity Cost Management Internal Orders Financial Applications. .

. . .Fixed Asset Management q q Depreciation Property Values Insurance Policies Capital Investment Grants A M q q Financial Applications. .com www. .sapendusers. . . www.sapendusers.com .

. .com . . .sapendusers. www.com www.Project System q q Project Tracking Work Breakdown Structure Budget Management Cost and Revenue Planning Networks and Resources PS q q q Financial Applications.sapendusers. . . .

.com www. .sapendusers. . . www. .Sales and Distribution q q Computer Aided Sales Quotations Sales Order Management Pricing Delivery Invoicing SD q q q q Logistics Applications . .com . .sapendusers.

.Materials Management q q Procurement Inventory Management Vendor Evaluation Invoice Verification Warehouse Management M M q q q Logistics Applications . . .sapendusers. .sapendusers. .com . www. . .com www.

Production Planning q q PP q q q Sales & Operations Planning Demand Management Material Requirements Planning Production Activity Control Capacity Planning Logistics Applications .sapendusers. . . . . . www.com . . .com www.sapendusers.

. . . .com www. . . www.Quality Management q q Quality Certificates Inspection Processing Planning Tools Quality Control Quality Notifications Q M q q q Logistics Applications .sapendusers.sapendusers.com . .

. .Plant Maintenance q q Plant Maintenance Equipment and Technical Objects Preventive Maintenance Service Management Maintenance Order Management PM q q q Logistics Applications .sapendusers. .com .com www. .sapendusers. . www. . .

sapendusers. . Benefits Time Management Planning and Development Organization Management Human Resources.sapendusers.com . . . . .com www. www.Human Resources q q HR q q q Personnel Administration Payroll. . .

. www. .sapendusers.Industry Solutions q q q q q q q q IS Banks Hospitals Oil Companies Publishing Sector Telecommunications Retail Utilities Others Industry Solutions.com . . . .sapendusers. .com www. .

sapendusers. Operational www.g. Cross functional.com www.sapendusers.com .Audit Cycles Ÿ Revenue ŸExpenditure ŸInventory Management ŸFixed Assets ŸTreasury ŸPayroll/Personnel ŸBusiness Processes ŸOr: audits specified by your organization e.

Management Challenges Ÿ SAP Modules Ÿ Three Main Functional Categories Ÿ Multitude of Modules Ÿ Multitude of Sub-Modules Ÿ SAP Business Processes Ÿ 1000+ Processes Ÿ Many Audit cycles Ÿ Auditors will determine how all these components interrelate in order to audit effectively Ÿ Management should have continuous monitoring processes in place www.com .sapendusers.sapendusers.com www.

sapendusers.Business/SAP/Audit Process Views Business Processes Application Level Client Level Model Environment SAP Process Model Implementati on Level SAP Software Model SAP Modules Audit Cycles Organizations ’ Audit Business Cycles www.sapendusers.com www.com .

com al onents www.com SAP Modu les .Relationship of Audit to SAP Ÿ SAP Module Functional Categories.sapendusers.sapendusers. Modules and Components ŸBusiness Cycles Audits and SAP Modules Aud it Account Balances (A/ R) SAP Processes (Reve nue) SAP (Financi Comp www.

sapendusers.com .com Industry Solutions www.sapendusers.Linking Audit Cycles to SAP Modules Audit Business Cycles SAP Module Functional Category Treasury Fixed Assets Expenditure Revenue Inventory Management Payroll and Personnel Financial Applications Logistics Applications Human Resources Basis Component Cross Applications www.

sapendusers.BOTTOMLINE: When auditing SAP.com . What matters is what functionality is supported by the system and what www.sapendusers.com www. one should not be concerned so much with which modules or sub-modules they are dealing with.

com www.co Collection.sapendusers. modification & circulated by m www.sapendusers.tpinfosoft.com .Special thanks TP TECHNOLOGI ES tpinfosoft.c om www.

GOOD LUCK www.com .com www.sapendusers.sapendusers.

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