POSOLOGIA BASICA EN PEDIATRIA Antibióticos

Medicamento amikacina amoxicilina Ampicilina Dosis 1522.5mg/kg/d (max 2g) 45-90mg/kg/d (max.1.5g) 50-100mg/kg/d (max. 23g d) 100-200mg/kg/d 25-50mg/kg/d (max. 4g d) Severa: 50-100mg/kg/d 100-200mg/kg/d Meningitis:: 200-3007kg/d (max 12g/d) 50-75mg/kg/d Meningitis:: 100mg/kg/d 15mg/kg/d (max. 1g/d) 20-40mg/kg/d (max 24g/d IV; 1-2g/d VO 50-75mg/kg/d (max. 2-4g) 100mg/kg/d 12-25mg/kg/d 30-50mg/kg/d (max. 2g/d) 3-7.5mg/kg/d (max. 500mg/d) 150-200mg/kg/d (max 12g/g) 50,000u/kg (max. 1.2 MU) Profilaxis fiebre reumatica: 25,000-50,000 u/kg/dosis 25,000-50,000 u/kg/d (max 4.8 m u/d) 8-12mg TMP/KG/d PROFILAXIS iuv: 2mg/kg/TMP/d P. carinii: 20mg/kg/d (max. 0.5-1g/d) Intervalo Administración c/dia c/8h o c712h c/6h Vía de Administración IV, IM VO VO Presentación Vial 500mg/2ml Susp. 125-250mg/5ml, cap 250-500mg Susp. 125-250mg/5ml, cap 250-500mg vial. 500mg-1g Cap. 250-500mg, susp. 125250mg/kg Vial 1g

Cefalexina

c/6h c/6h

IV VO

cefotaxime

c/8h o c/6h

IV, IM

ceftriaxone claritromicina Clindamicina Cloranfenicol Dicloxacilina Eritromicina Gentamicina Oxacilina Penicilina Benzatinica

c/12h o c/dia c/12h C/6h o c/8h c/8h c/8h c/6h, o c/8h c/6h c/8h o c/dia c/6h Dosis única c/3-4 emanas

IV, IM VO VO, IV, IM IV VO VO VO IV IV, IM IM IM

Vial 1g Susp. 125-250mg/5ml, Cap. 250-500mg Amp. 150mg/ml, susp. 75mg/5ml, Cap. 300mg Vial 1g Cap. 500mg Susp. 125mg/5ml CAP 250-500MG, SUSP. 125MG-250MG/5ML Susp. 250mg/5ml, compr. 500mg, gotas 100mg/ml VIAL 80MG/2ML Vial 1g Vial 1,200 000 u

Penicilina G procainica Trimetropin Sulfametoxazol

c/12h c/d c/12h c/d c/6h

IM VO

Vial 4. 800 000u Tab. 800mgSMZ/160mg TMP, TAB 400mg SMZ/80mg TMP SUSP. 40MG tmp/200mg SMZ en 5ml

Antimicoticos y Antivirales Aciclovir

Ketoconazol Nistatina Digestivo Cisaprida

30-45mg/kg/d, 20mg/kg/dosis (max. 800mg) x 5 dias 5-10mg/kg/d (max. 1g/d) 500,000 U 0.2-0.3mg/kg/dosis (max.

C/8h c/6h c/12h, c/d C/6 O C/8h C/6 -C/8h

IV VO VO VO VO

Susp. 200mg/5ml Vial 250mg/10ml Cap. 400mg Tab 200mg, susp. 100mg/5ml gotas 100,000 U/ml SUSP. 1mg/1ml

susp. 10mg-20mg/ inyectable 40mg IV Jbe. 50mg Antihistamínicos .5mg/kg (max. amp 25mg/ml IM. 150mg/10ml comp. 500mg.5mg/kg/dosis Coma hepático: 1mg/kg/dosis + neomicina 25mg/kg. jarabe 5mg/5ml Cap. (adulto 10-15mg) 0.5mg/gota. 9mg/5ml Cap 400mg VO VO Cap. Gotas 1. c/6h 0. 50mg) 1-2mg/kg/dosis (adulto 50-100mg) (max. cap. 120-160mg/5ml. max.Lactulosa Metoclopramida Omeprazol Ranitidina 25mg) antes de comidas Laxante: 0. cap. 1g AnalgesicosAntiinflamatorios Acetaminofén Acetaminofencodeina Diclofenaco 10-15mg/kg/dosis (max.5-1mg/kg/dosis (max. 600mg) Artritis cronica juvenile: 50mg/kg/d Artriis: 0. VO VO VO IV VO Sucralfato Amp. 50mg. 300mg) 1mg/kg/dosis 0-2años 0. IM. 300-325mg de acetaminofén y 30mg codeína. 50mg Comp. 80mg) 2-4mg/kg/dosis (max. 5g/d) > 2años 0. gotas 90100mg/ml susp. susp. 150mg Amp.5-1mg/kg/dosis. comp. 50mg) c/4-6h c/6h c/4 VO VO C/8-12h VO Ibuprofeno Indometacina Tramadol 5-10mg/kg/dosis (max.25g 3-12años 0.5% (15mg/ml). 10mg/2ml. 400mg/d) c/6-8h c/6h c/6-8h c/4-6h VO Jbe. 50mg. 60mg/dosis 1mg/kg/dosis (max. 25mg Frasco 10ml: 2. 250300mg COMP.7-3.5g >12años: 1g c/12-24h VO Solución 667mg/ml c/6h c/d c/12h c/6-8h c/6h IV.15-0.3mg/kg/dosis. 4g) 30mg/kg/dosis (max.