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385,494 549,602 38,286 58,425 31,633 35,893
News and events — visually
Number of persons aged 12 and over who report that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma. Case numbers for Nunavut too unreliable to bepublished. *Estimated numbers.
Asthma cases, by province and sex
31,317* 44,451 14,097 21,663 5,105* 7,277 23,669 31,576
Deﬁned as “chronic inﬂammatory disease of the airways”. It can cause:
If exposed to stimuli, over time the airways in the lungs, or bronchial tubes, become inﬂamed and sensitive. During an asthma attack, the muscle contracts, lining swells and airway narrows.
Normal bronchial tube
Non-allergic triggers • Certain drugs (ASA, beta blockers) Bronchial • Chemicals, fumes, tube during odours attack • Respiratory viral infections • Weather, cold air, thunderstorms • Strenuous physical exercise • Tobacco smoke • Air pollution: smog
• Shortness of breath • Tightness in the chest • Coughing • Wheezing
Researchers have yet to pinpoint the cause however, the strongest risk factors are: • A family history of asthma and/or allegy • Exposure, in infancy, to high levels of antigen such as house dust mites • Exposure to tobacco smoke or chemical irritants in the workplace
Allergic triggers • Mould • Animal dander • Pollen • Cockroaches • Dust mites
Because asthma is a chronic condition, it usually requires continuous medial care. Medication therapies are designed to minimize the airway inﬂammation as well as treat airwar narrowing. Moderate to severe asthma: long term medication daily (antiinﬂammatory drugs) Symptoms: short-term medications (inhaled acting beta2-agonists)
800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0
Annual estimates by age group
1988 35-44 years
What is asthma?
Prevalence of asthma
Prevalence rates worldwide, on average, are rising by 50% every decade
2003 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010
Sources: Asthma.ca; Statistics Canada; Graphic News;
SUSAN BATSFORD, GRAPHICS EDITOR, TWITTER @SBATS1; INFOGRAPHIC BY TARA CORRAN/QMI AGENCY
65 and over
P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C.
CANADIANS HAVE ASTHMA
May is asthma awareness month. Asthma is a serious, sometimes life-threatening chronic disease that can be controlled with proper awareness and education. Over 235 million people worldwide su er from this disease.