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AND RAW MATERIAL GRINDING HIGHLY ATTRACTIVE
Dr.-Ing. Robert Schnatz Polysius AG, Beckum/Germany
Summary The use of high-pressure grinding rolls (HPGR) for the grinding of cement in semi-finish grinding plants is proven practice not only in India but also around the world. Nowadays usually the cement clinker and the gypsum is preground with a POLYCOM working in closed circuit with a static and/or dynamic separator. The finish grinding is then made in a subsequent one-chamber ball-mill. Significant energy savings compared to ball mill systems are achieved. Furthermore a huge variety of cements with fly-ash or slag addition and also including high-Blaine cements (> 5000 cm²/g) can be produced easily and with short transition periods. Up to moderate moisture contents it is also highly recommendable to produce raw meal by HPGRs operated in closed circuit with a static-dynamic separator. Energy savings are even a lot higher than that which can be achieved by using vertical mills. Both applications demand for a static-dynamic separator of the latest design. The SEPOL® HR is the combination of a very compact static separator stage with a dynamic rotor part. The advantages of such a separator are its simplicity and robustness against wear caused by the abrasive cakes and the ability to produce cements up to 4000 cm²/g. The “HR” has proven its advantages in the first industrial applications at Vasavadatta Cement for cement and raw material grinding. Throughput and spec. energy values obtained are far better than warranted and are even exceeding ambitious expectations. Meanwhile other clients also decided to use the “HR” technology throughout the world. Industrial results proposed slight improvements and confirmed sizing procedures thus enabling to offer a mature product to the market.
During the last decade combi-grinding plants (semi-finish grinding plants) have been used more and more for the energy efficient grinding of high-quality cement. Combi-grinding plants are applied for grinding of OPC and cements with composite contents up to 40 %. The biggest size of the POLYCOM series can absorb more than 3000 kW and an appropriate design of the ball mill allow product throughputs of more than 300 t/h OPC with one single combi-grinding-line still achieving a plant power efficiency which is about 30 % higher than that of a closed-circuit ball mill system. The first combi-grinding plants were equipped with a dynamic separator in the Polycom circuit too. These separators were very efficient but suffered from severe wear. In a second step static separators such as the STATOPOL-C® in the POLYCOM circuit were used. The advantages of such a separator are its simplicity and robustness against wear caused by the abrasive cakes. Furthermore it has a good separation efficiency at moderate finenesses and the ability to dry moist feed components. Disadvantages are the limited fineness of the intermediate
2.product and the deteriorating separating efficiency with increasing fineness. Furthermore in many plants clients intend to upgrade already existing ball mill circuits by the addition of a POLYCOM-separator-circuit used for pre-grinding. A typical flow sheet of a combi-grinding plant with HR shows fig. Therefore the separator has to be replaced by a larger unit. In addition this kind of separator is very voluminous and therefore the required height of the mill building is in any case near to 50 m in total. It is a combination of a very compact static separation stage and a subsequent dynamic part with a horizontally oriented cage rotor. 2. Worldwide there is a clear trend to the production of high grade cement. Which means that higher finenesses of 4000 or even 5000 cm²/g acc. . A 3D-design sketch of an HR is given in fig. The SEPOL HR separator concept The consequent answer to that demands is the SEPOL HR. Plant upgrades are made easier if this separator is able to separate part of the product in order to support the separator in the ball mill circuit. That results in long down-times of the plant during the erection phase which is needed for the installation/replacement of the separator in the ball mill building. This Rotor gave the newly developed separator its name. Or an additional separator has to be installed in parallel to the existing one . 3. 1: Flow-sheet of a combi-grinding plant with SEPOL HR® separator. HR stands for Horizontal Rotor. In that cases the existing ball mill separator usually is too small to handle the significantly increased throughput of the uprated system. g. to Blaine are required. This level has to be obtained by means of the separator in the POLYCOM grinding circuit. Fig. 4000 or even 5000 cm²/g require intermediate product finenesses of about 3000 up to about 4000 cm²/g. Producing high-Blaine cements of e.
Fig. the ability to achieve a product fineness of up to 4000 cm²/g acc. . to Blaine. Partial deglomeration takes place on an impact plate. The housing can be lined quite easily resulting in a high robustness of the machine against wear. The simple design allows for local fabrication near to job-site. the possibility for the extraction of finished cement from the SEPOL HR and a compact design (only 50 % of the height which is required for the V-Separator) thus resulting in a significantly lower building height. The material then slides over a steeply inclined aerated floor which is made out of casted wear resistant steel which gives it an excellent wear behaviour. 3: 3D-Sketch of the SEPOL HR separator Main features of the SEPOL HR are the high separation efficiency. 4). The feed material transported from the POLYCOM to the separator by means of a bucket elevator and a belt conveyor is entering the static stage via the feed chute (see fig.
If desired also a gear box. 4: Static part of the SEPOL HR separator The coarse material slides down to the grits extraction chute. As shown here: Two gas exit ducts on each side of the rotor discharge the product pneumatically. . A typical machine layout with two attached cyclones is given in fig. cardanic shaft. Fig. coupling combination can be executed.Intermediate product and air Feed material Aeration floor floor Aeration floor Separating air Air supply duct Grit Fig. The fines out of that material are sucked through the rotor and are collected in subsequent cyclones or a bag-house.The grits from the dynamic rotor stage can be returned to the Polycom or directed to the subsequent ball mill in case of a combigrinding circuit for further grinding. The rotor is driven by a very reliable multi-belt and pulley drive system which is very compact and do not require an additional coupling. Depending on the rotor diameter and the width of the static part an HR can also be equipped with only one gas exit duct. 6. 5 shows a sketch of the rotor. The fines are separated out of the feed by the separation air and are transported pneumatically to the horizontal rotor.
Outlet end Product Air Grit II Intermediate product and air Fig. 6: Typical SEPOL HR installation . 5: Sketch of the SEPOL HR rotor Fig.
0 kWh/t acc. Industrial applications of the SEPOL HR In spring of 2005 Vasavadatta Cement (Kesoram Industries Ltd.0 m roller width) with two times 950 kW installed motor power. To separate the fines out of the intermediate product is especially advantageous when producing low Blaine cements. Originally that system was equipped with a SEPOL separator in the POLYCOM circuit which suffered from wear.3. The POLYCOM is a type 17/10-7 (1. This is the first time that a ball mill in India is equipped with the compact and reliable COMBIFLEX® gear box. The plant went into operation in February of this year. The flow-sheet of the system is quite similar to that given in fig.7 m roller diameter. Clearly visible are the rotor bearings which are situated on pillow blocks on the outside thus facilitating maintenance and increasing lifetime. Fig. This separator was replaced in 1999 by a static STATOPOL-C separator. to Bond. The Fines from the rotor are collected in cyclones attached to the separator by means of a short duct. The moisture content of the raw material is quite low with max. But instead of a STATOPOL-C separator this is equipped with a SEPOL HR 21/21. The client already operated a combi-grinding system of Polysius in the plant since 1995. Vasavadatta Cement decided again to build a combi-grinding system for finish grinding from Polysius which is pretty similar to that already in operation.000 kW. 1. The raw materials’ grindability is as in most Indian plants high indicated by a work index of 17. The fines from the POLYCOM® circuit can be directed to the ball mill inlet or to the bucket elevator leading to the ball mill separator. It is designed for the production of 225 t/h at a mass-specific surface area of 3000 cm²/g acc. Fig. Beside the “normal” combi-grinding operation mode also the discharge of finished product out of the SEPOL HR is possible. 7 shows the HR during errection phase.6 x 14.) decided to install a new 3000 tpd cement production line in north-east Karnataka. 1. 4 %. It is operated in closed circuit with a SEPOL® SV 310/4. This enables to operate the plant without the ball mill circuit. The raw material grinding in the existing production line is carried out by a roller mill.5 m and have an installed motor power of 4. The ball mill has the dimensions Ø 4. 7: SEPOL HR 21/21 during erection phase . to Blaine.
That is an obstacle for the use of a static separator for raw material grinding only because that will not be able to produce a product without coarse particles although it is able to do the required drying of the feed material. More info on the grinding systems at Vasavadatta Cement will be given in a presentation held by Mr. 8: Raw mill building at Vasavadatta Cement Ltd. Vasavadatta Cement decided also to go for a POLYCOM® grinding circuit for raw material grinding of the new kiln line. Fig. 8. The energy consumption for the complete system was excellent and only slightly above 14 kWh/t.The plant became operational end of 2006. The POLYCOM® 21/16-9 has a roller diameter of 2.6 m. A better choice therefore is the SEPOL HR which includes a static and a dynamic separation stage. Jain. More than 300 t/h at that fineness were achieved.High-pressure grinding rolls are especially suited to grind hard and nearly dry raw materials. If that is the case the specific energy consumption is even lower than that of vertical roller mills. The installed power is 2 times 1650 kW. The machine throughput will be in the range of 1.09 = 20 %. The desired throughput is 275 t/h at a fineness of R0.1 m and a roller diameter of 1. An overview of the raw mill building shows fig. . The cakes coming from the high-pressure grinding rolls will be transported to two SEPOL HR 21 by means of two bucket elevators. A raw meal desired by every kiln operator has an average fineness but no or few coarse particles > 200 µm.100 t/h. A proven solution is the use of a dynamic separator SEPOL® which for sure has to be equipped with liners to withstand the wearing cakes.
The company is building a greenfield plant near Phoenix.4 m. Texas Industries Inc. The plant is equipped with a Polycom 20/15-8 having an installed power of two times 1700 kW.8m.6 m and the diameter of the separator rotor 2. Thus Polysius is able to offer a mature product to the market which will boost the attractiveness of POLYCOM installations. USA. For the raw grinding plant a SEPOL HR 16/27 is foreseen. USA which will come onstream mid 2008. decided to go for Polycom grinding units with SEPOL HR as well. The width of the static part will be 1. to Blaine will be ground in a combi-grinding plant with an open circuit ball mill subsequent to the Polycom circuit. Before the Sepol 440/4 (rotor diameter 4. In both cases a Polycom 15/8-5 is used with an installed motor power of 2 times 700 kW and a roller diameter of 1. AZ. 3. The used sizing procedures were confirmed.6 m and a roller width of 0.09 = 15 %. For the cement grinding plant an HR 12/21 will be built. decided to go for a POLYCOM finish grinding plant for the production of raw meal for its new 6000 t/d kiln line at Oro Grande. One is the combination of the static part of the HR with a subsequent SEPOL separator taking advantage of the pros of each kind of equipment. CA. The operational results obtained at Vasavadatta Cement proposed slight improvements in the design. .7 m.Meanwhile Drake Cement Ltd. 92 t/h of OPC with a fineness of 3800 cm²/g acc. four detached cyclones) the static part of the HR is used as a drying facility and a pre-separation stage for the fresh feed. The desired raw meal throughput 164 t/h @ R0. Conclusion and Outlook Beside the finish-grinding and the standard-combigrinding several other sophisticated applications of the SEPOL HR concept are feasible. The kiln capacity is 2000 t/h.
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