Global Reference Guide for Potentially Explosive Atmospheres and Hazardous Locations

94/9/EC Product Markings
ATEX Required Markings GAS

Typical IEC/CENELEC Product Markings
Dust

II
Explosion Protection Marking Equipment Group Equipment Category Explosive Atmosphere Suitability (G – Gas, vapor or mist)

2

G / D

Ex

de

IIC

T6

Gb / Ex

1)

t

IIIC

T80°C

Db

1)

Method of Explosion Protection
Electrical Type of Protection for Atmospheres made explosive by gases, vapors and mists
Type of Protection d e ia ib ic Type of Protection Zone General Requirements Flameproof Enclosure Zone 1 or 2 Increased Safety Zone 1 or 2 Intrinsic Safety Zone 0, 1 or 2 Intrinsic Safety Zone 1 or 2 Intrinsic Safety Zone 2 Intrinsically Safe Systems Zone 1 or 2 Intrinsically Safe Fieldbus Systems (FISCO) Zone 1 or 2 Non-sparking Fieldbus Systems (FNICO) Zone 1 or 2 Encapsulation Zone 0, 1 or 2 Encapsulation Zone 1 or 2 Encapsulation Zone 2 Non-Sparking Zone 2 Enclosed Break Zone 2 Restricted Breathing Zone 2 Oil Immersion Zone 1 or 2 Optical Radiation Zone 0, 1 or 2 Optical Radiation Zone 1 or 2 Pressurized Enclosure Zone 1 or 2 Pressurized Enclosure Zone 2 Powder Filling Zone 1 or 2 CENELEC /IEC Standard EN 60079-0 / IEC 60079-0 /2G / Gb EN 60079-1 / IEC 60079-1 /2G / Gb EN 60079-7 / IEC 60079-7 / 1G / Ga EN 60079-11 / IEC 60079-11 /2G / Gb EN 60079-11 / IEC 60079-11 /3G / Gc EN 60079-11 / IEC 60079-11 /2G / Gb EN 60079-25 / IEC 60079-25 /2G / Gb EN 60079-27 / IEC 60079-27 /3G / Gc EN 60079-27 / IEC 60079-27 /1G / Ga EN 60079-18 / IEC 60079-18 /2G / Gb EN 60079-18 / IEC 60079-18 /3G / Gc EN 60079-18 / IEC 60079-18 /3G / Gc EN 60079-15 / IEC 60079-15 /3G / Gc EN 60079-15 / IEC 60079-15 /3G / Gc EN 60079-15 / IEC 60079-15 /2G / Gb EN 60079-6 / IEC 60079-6 / 1 G, 2 G or 3 G / Ga, Gb, Gc EN 60079-28 / IEC 60079-28 / 2 G or 3 G / Gb, Gc EN 60079-28 / IEC 60079-28 /2G / Gb EN 60079-2 / IEC 60079-2 /3G / Gc EN 60079-2 / IEC 60079-2 /2G / Gb EN 60079-5 / IEC 60079-5 / ATEX Category/ EPL Protection Concept Contain the explosion, prevent the flame propagation No arcs, sparks or hot surfaces Limit the energy of the spark and the surface temperature Limit the energy of the spark and the surface temperature Limit the energy of the spark and the surface temperature Limit the energy of the spark and the surface temperature Limit the energy of the spark and the surface temperature Limit the energy of the spark and the surface temperature Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere No arcs, sparks or hot surfaces Prevent the flame propagation Protection by enclosure Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Limit or prevent energy transmission from optical radiation Limit or prevent energy transmission from optical radiation Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Prevent the flame propagation

ATEX / IEC Reference

Explosive Atmosphere Suitability (D – Dust) Explosion Marking Type of protection (Gas) Explosion Group (Gas) Temperature Class (Gas) Equipment Protection Level (EPL-Gas) Explosion Protection Marking Type of protection (Dust) Explosion Group (Dust) Max. Surface Temperature (Dust) Equipment Protection Level (EPL-Dust)

ma mb mc nA nC nR o op is, op pr, op sh px, py pz q

Electrical Type of protection for Atmospheres made explosive by dusts
Type of Protection ia ib ma mb mc p t Description of Protection General Requirements Intrinsic Safety Intrinsic Safety Encapsulation Encapsulation Encapsulation Pressurized Protection by enclosure ATEX Zone Zone 20, 21, 22 Zone 21, 22 Zone 20, 21, 22 Zone 21 or 22 Zone 20, 21, 22 Zone 22 Zone 20, 21, 22 CENELEC /IEC Standard EN 60079-0 / IEC 60079-0 /1D / Da EN 61241-11 / IEC 61241-11 /2D / Db EN 61241-11 / IEC 61241-11 /1D / Da EN 60079-18 / IEC 60079-18 /2D / Db EN 60079-18 / IEC 60079-18 /1D / Da EN 60079-18 / IEC 60079-18 /3D / Dc EN 61241-4 / IEC 61241-4 / 1 D, 2 D or 3 D / Da, Db, Dc EN 60079-31 / IEC 60079-31 / ATEX Category/ EPL Protection Concept Limit the surface temperature Limit the surface temperature Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Exclusion of Ex-atmosphere Keep the combustible dust out and avoid hot surfaces

1) Standard marking - alternate marking possible e.g.: Ex db eb IIC T6 / Ex tb IIIC T80°C
ATEX (Atmosphères Explosibles) - The Directive 94/9/EC (ATEX) regulates within its scope for the European Market the Essential Health and Safety Requirements for apparatus for use in hazardous areas and conformity assessment procedures which must be applied to equipment.

Zone Classification / Equipment Protection Level
Hazardous mixture Period of presence of the flammable substances Zone Classification Necessary Marking for the Equipment According 94/9/EC According IEC 60079-0 Equipment Category Protection Equipment Group Group Protection Level EPL II 1G II Ga II II III III III I I 2G 3G 1D 2D 3D M1 M2 II II III III III I I Gb Gc Da Db Dc Ma Mb Explosive Atmospheres: Protection Level very high high increased very high high increased very high high Fibres & Flyings Dusts Gases and Vapors

Explosion Groups
Typical Hazardous Material Acetylene Hydrogen Ethylene Propane Metal dust Coal dust Grain dust Wood, paper, or cotton processing Explosion Group Name and address of manufacturer Serial number including year of manufacture

Typical Nameplate Marking

Equipment name/type CE marking and number of Notified Body responsible for the monitoring of the Quality System (0102 = PTB Germany) Electrical parameters Ambient temperature -25°C to +55°C (if -20°C to + 40°C, marking is not required - Standard for all equipment) Other essential information required by the used Standards

Gas Mist Vapor

Continuously for long Zone 0 periods or frequently Occasional occurrence Zone 1 Not likely, but if it does occur only rarely and for a short period Zone 2 Continuously for long Zone 20 periods or frequently Occasional occurrence Zone 21 Not likely, but if it does occur only rarely and for a short period Zone 22 Mining Mining

IIC IIC or IIB+H2 IIB IIA IIIC IIIC IIIB IIIA

Certificate number May end with U – Component cert. May end with X – Special conditions for safe use Additional certificate (optional) Explosion protection marking (ATEX): Equipment Group (II) and Category (2) Type of explosive atmosphere G – gas, vapor or mist / D – dust Marking accd. IEC/CENELEC

eLLK 2010XYZ
www.ceag.de Made in Germany
S.Nr.: D123456 PTB 09 ATEX 12345 IECEx BVS 09.12345 II 2 G Ex de IIC T6 Gb II 2 D Ex t IIIC T80°C Db 2010

0102
110 - 240 V 50 - 60 Hz 110 - 240 V DC Ta= -25°C - +55°C Lamp: G13 60081 IEC

Dust

Methane Coal dust

Ingress Protection (IP) Codes and NEMA Enclosure Types
Ingress Protection Codes IP .. according IEC 60079
FIRST NUMERAL Protection against solid bodies 0 - NO PROTECTION 1- OBJECTS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 50 mm 2 - OBJECTS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 12.5 mm 3 - OBJECTS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 2.5 mm 4 - OBJECTS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 1.0 mm 5 - DUST-PROTECTED 6 - DUST-TIGHT SECOND NUMERAL Protection against liquid 0 - NO PROTECTION 1 - VERTICALLY DRIPPING WATER 2 - 75 TO 105°-ANGLED DRIPPING WATER 3 - SPRAYING WATER 4 - SPLASHING WATER 5 - WATER JETS

Localisation of Gas and Dust Ex-Zones
Equivalent IP Rating*
20 55 54 55 56 56 53 67 68

Temperature Classification
Maximum Surface Temperature 450ºC (842ºF) 300ºC (572ºF) 280ºC (536ºF) 260ºC (500ºF) 230ºC (446ºF) 215ºC (419ºF) 200ºC (392ºF) 180ºC (356ºF) 165ºC (329ºF) 160ºC (320ºF) 135ºC (275ºF) 120ºC (248ºF) 100ºC (212ºF) 85ºC (185ºF) IEC NEC® 505 T1 T2 NEC 500 Table 500.8(C) T1 T2 T2A T2B T2C T2D T3 T3A T3B T3C T4 T4A T5 T6

NEMA Enclosure Types
Enclosure Type
1 3 3R 3S 4 4X 5 6 6P 7** 8** 9** 10** 12 12K 13

Intended Use
Indoor use, limited amounts of falling dirt Outdoor use, rain, sleet, windblown dust, external formation of ice Outdoor use, rain, sleet, external formation of ice Outdoor use, rain, sleet, windblown dust, external mechanisms operable when ice laden Indoor or outdoor use, windblown dust and rain, splashing water, hose directed water, external formation of ice Indoor or outdoor use, windblown dust and rain, splashing water, hose directed water, corrosion, external formation of ice Indoor use, settling airborne dust, falling dirt, non-corrosive liquids Indoor or outdoor use, hose directed water, temporary submersion, external formation of ice Indoor or outdoor use, hose directed water, prolonged submersion, external formation of ice Indoor use, Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, and D hazardous locations, air-break equipment Indoor or outdoor use, Class I, Division 1 Groups A, B, C, and D hazardous locations, oil-immersed equipment Indoor use, Class II, Division 1, Groups E, F, and G hazardous locations, air-break equipment Mining applications Indoor use, circulating dust, falling dirt, dripping noncorrosive liquids Indoor use, circulating dust, falling dirt, dripping noncorrosive liquids, provided with knockouts Indoor use, lint, dust, spraying of water, oil and noncorrosive coolant

Zone 22 Zone

Zone 22 Zone 21

Zone 11 Zone

Zone 00 Zone Tank Tank

Zone 20

T3

IP56

6 - HEAVY SEAS, POWERFUL WATER JETS 7 - EFFECTS OF IMMERSION 8 - INDEFINITE IMMERSION

T4 T5 T6

54 54 54

Flammable brennbare liquid Flüssigkeit

brennbarer Dust Flammable Staub

* NEMA Enclosure Type can be converted to IP Code rating, but IP Codes cannot be converted to NEMA Enclosure Type (Ref. NEMA 250) ** Enclosure Types for U.S. only (Ref. NEMA 250)

Typical NEC/CEC Product Markings
NEC 500 NEC 505/ CEC 18

Class I Division 1 Groups A, B, C & D T6
Hazard Category Area Classification

Class I Zone 1 AEx e IIC T6
Type of Protection

Method of Explosion Protection
Description of Protection Permitted for use in Protection United States Canada Concept NEC 500 NEC 505 CEC 18 CEC 18 Division Zone Division Zone 2 1, 2 2 2 1, 2 2 No arcs, sparks or hot surfaces
CENELEC (European Committee for Electro-technical Standardization) publishes standards covering the electrotechnical field for countries in Europe. INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION (IEC) global organization that prepares and publishes international standards for electrical, electronic and related technologies. NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) NEMA 250 series standards for enclosure types covers both hazardous areas (potentially explosive atmospheres) and non-hazardous areas. NEC – National Electrical Code (USA) CEC – Canadian Electrical Code (Canada)

NEC / CEC Reference

Hazardous Atmosphere Category (Gas or Dust Grouping) Temperature Classification Hazard Category Area Classification Explosion Protection Standard (EX-IEC/ATEX/CEC, AEx-NEC) Method of Explosion Protection Hazardous Atmosphere Category (Gas or Dust Grouping) Temperature Classification

e n

Increased Safety Non-Incendive

d q ia ib

Flameproof Explosionproof Powder Filled Intrinsic Safety Intrinsic Safety

1, 2 1, 2 -

1, 2 1, 2 0, 1, 2 1, 2

1, 2 1, 2 -

1, 2 1, 2

Contain the explosion, prevent the flame propagation

0, 1, 2 Limit the energy of 1, 2 the spark and the surface temperature

p m o

Pressurized (Purged) Encapsulation Oil Immersion

1, 2 2

1, 2 1, 2 1, 2

1, 2 2

1, 2 1, 2 1, 2

Keep the flammable gas out

Hazardous Atmosphere Category (Gas or Dust Grouping)
Explosive Atmosphere Gases and Vapors Typical Hazard Material Acetylene Hydrogen Ethylene Propane Metal dust Coal dust Grain dust North America NEC 500-503 / CEC 18 Hazard Category Grouping Class I Class I Class I Class I Class II Class II Class II Group A Group B Group C Group D Group E Group F Group G NEC 505*/CEC 18 Gas Grouping IIC IIC or IIB+H2 IIB IIA North America/ NEC 500-503/CEC 18 NEC 505-506/CEC 18

Area Classification
Continuous Hazard Division 1 Zone 0 (Zone 20 dust) Intermittent Hazard Division 1 Zone 1 (Zone 21 dust) Hazard under Abnormal Conditions Division 2 Zone 2 (Zone 22 dust)

YOUR LOCAL REPRESENTATIVE

Dusts

Fibres & Flyings

Wood, paper, Class III or cotton processing

* NEC 505 covers explosive gases and vapors only.

Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH Neuer Weg-Nord 49 D-69412 Eberbach/Germany Phone: +49 6271 806-500 Fax: +49 6271 806 476 E-mail sales.CCH.de@cooperindustries.com

For more information visit: www.ceag.de www.crouse-hinds.com

Crouse-Hinds is a registered trademark of Cooper Industries, Inc. © 2010 Cooper Industries, Inc./ 300 8000 2154/3/02.10/SL

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