TORY FACTIONS

The 1922 Committee was once the dominant voice of Tory MPs, but its in uence is waning as young new backbenchers speak up for themselves

NO TURNING BACK GROUP
Aim: Champion Thatcherite policies, particularly

1922 COMMITTEE
Aim: Represent views of Tory backbenchers to the Government Founded: After the 1922 election Who: All backbench MPs, although many executive positions currently held by Cameron critics Leading lights: Graham Brady (chairman), Charles Walker, John Whittingdale (vice-chairmen)

on the economy Founded: 1985; revitalised in recent years Who: Counts more than 100 members, old-timers as well as young guns Leading lights: John Redwood, Peter Lilley, Bernard Jenkins

301 GROUP
Aim: Design election-

CORNERSTONE GROUP
Aim: Promote socially conservative

winning strategies to obtain 301 MPs – the number for an overall majority Founded: January 2012 Who: Cuts across political spectrum. Younger MPs Leading lights: Kris Hopkins, George

40 GROUP
Aim: Discuss ways of retaining

policies. Motto: Faith, Flag and Family Founded: 2005 Who: More than 40 right-wingers from all intakes Leading lights: Edward Leigh, John Hayes

FRESH START
Aim: Refashion relationship

between UK and EU by repatriating powers from Brussels Founded: November 2011 Who: More than 100 (mainly new) Eurosceptic MPs, said to have tacit backing of William Hague Leading lights: Andrea Leadsom, George Eustice

the 40 most marginal constituencies - and winning more marginals Founded: Spring 2011 Who: All new MPs, high number of North of England seats Leading lights: Eric Ollerenshaw, David Mowat,

FREE ENTERPRISE GROUP
Aim: Boost the market

2020 GROUP
Aim: Draw up progressive

economy and promote competition Founded: October 2011 Who: Nearly 40 predominantly new MPs. Close to George Osborne Leading lights: Elizabeth Truss, Sajid Javid, Kwasi Kwarteng

Conservatism policies to help the party seem relevant in 2020 Founded: October 2011 Who: Loyalist modernisers on the party’s centre-left Leading lights: Greg Barker, Nadhim Zahawi, Claire Perry

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