Name ___________________

Period _____ Assignment # __

Vocabulary Review:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Basaltic volcano with gently sloping sides.
Volcano formed from alternating layers of lava and tephra
A secondary vent that emits only gases _____________________________________
Smooth lava that sometimes cools with a ropey texture _________________________
Mixture of volcanic ash, eroded land and water the flows into valleys _
Hot area in Earth’s mantle that melts rock into magma
Mountain that forms from layers of lava and ash
A smaller secondary volcano built on the side of or near the main volcano, but sharing the
same conduit to the magma chamber _______________________
9. Large opening caused by the collapse of the top of a volcano
10. Ash and cinders blown violently out of volcanoes
11. Opening at the top of a volcano’s vent
12. Lava suddenly cooled by water
13. The “neck” of the volcano, connects the magma chamber to vent
14. The reservoir located under the volcano where magma collects ____________________
15. A long crack from which lava flows ____________________________
16. Rough, jagged lava that is thick and slow moving ___________________
17. A scientists who studies volcanoes ____________________________
18. Steep-sided volcano made of tephra _________________________________

Volcano
Tephra
Conduit
Shield volcano
AA

Hot spot
Fumarole
Volcanologist
Crater
Pillow lava

Composite volcano
Parasitic Cone
Fissure
Pahoehoe
Lahar

Types of Tephra:
_____________________ walnut sized rocks
_____________________ pea sized / gravel sized
_____________________ smallest particles that come from a volcano
_____________________ can be up to 4+ feet in diameter
_____________________ .25 to .5 cm in diameter

Magma Chamber
Cinder cone
Caldera

Concept Review:
1. Identify each form of volcano and then fill in the chart with the appropriate information
about each form.

Form of Volcano

Type of Magma or
Composition

Shape of Volcano

Materials in volcano

Figure 1:
Figure 2:
Figure 3:

2. What is the relationship between the amount of gases in magma and the explosiveness of a
volcanic eruption?

3. What are the three places where volcanoes are found. Give an example of each. _________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
4. What are the three stages of the life of a volcano? ______________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
5. Describe the activity that will be observed around an active volcano just before it erupts.

__________

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Label the parts of the volcano on the diagram below:

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