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unlfom sand IhICorm. Source: Itough (26). iand CImmn.0 250 ZSO 0. Ir) Dwx Unlformit~ Wfflclent haJD10 b ~ n 010 elox --Void R a t i o amfin Dry. l b r u l l z s d Unit V e L h t Snturatad.003 0. l a m t / l w Hln.25 1. UIII Lorn ~ranu1. - . . lrmrynlc silt We1 1 -gradad grmnulmr soil s l 1 t p mmd C10an.40 0.W 1 S l t t y or sandy c l a y C f i p .001 0. pp.001 0.u.913 ~ / r l 9 .Table 2 .8 mPICAL S O I L UNIT WEIGIITS Cgpron I a i t a h r r i c l e 81s.g r d d r l l t y cloy w .mndclay 2.rsnd. ha.13 Clay ( 3 0 t o Sot < 2 p slrm) Colloidal clay (over 501 c 2p size) Nut=: vw - 62. 35. flw to corrsa rand Mcaceour sand 811ty rand and 6K.rllt.r sol l Bpal spheres (theor~tle~l) Randrrd 0tt.002 10 t o 30 2Sto1WO O.OO1 1. gravel o r larger Va:ll-gr~dmdgrmve~.4 ll. r ttry/rv Har.20 0~70 0./it3 - 1 y/cr3 - 0. 8 0 kn/m3 ( a ~STP cornlitlans).80 0. Hln. 3 4 .

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. < .. < (ws w> ' r. t o I-.. L 1 5: U + i L t .. Yr/ ~+ rc = -4 WL-w WL au dl y y... .. .WP . y Yo .vb -.776 & l U+ t .1000 I L I I I 4 ' ./ Y-.=w)-\.Yo-. .\Yo- - 1-t .o . # * .!Y.\Yo \Y.VO- -A r. Soil Classification by Hechanical Friction CPT & U l iJ c .L + .a 0 .. {w.-1.a . f.. a .o -* YO .. North Soils P 4 - Very soft ---- soils (%) - Friction Rotic. . LI A .6 .t o r< r.. I .. 'JJI J&Yl J+I &W LJI I +/+ ...5 . .f duuiLp & . -0./q. Figure 2 ..i \O 1.

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fi~e . = . '. - s ~ L c r . --- -..~*Y(L~\& N~ 15.25 k / ' qw 5..20 (%-=*)/N~ FII f l e c f 4 .- . I 4 4 a d - O L cd. 7*. r -54fi5. 7 .-- CL% 12- 16 10-13.30 I'f . Nh F. -C -. 12-\$ - - --. t 5. ~ q t $ . d . R ~ N C 5C A ~o .. .

p . 310.. Hamon. very &nst Peck. $g EIgure 4-12. p. Friction Angb. N versus Jer:and Overburden Stress -. . and Thoraburn (121. - r') . and Thornburn b - Source: Source: Mayerhof (s). . 310.R slue @lows/f t or 305 m) Rslatlve Dens fty &proximate j tc (degraesl (b (a) loose 4 me. p (E). 17. - Figure 4-13. H a a n .dium 3 to SO 3 dense > a X. Source: N versus $-' F e d .

W r t z sa& Source: Robertson and CamPa~e-lla (151. loose loose 120 t o 200 > 200 Source: deas very dense 40 to 45 > 45 L Meyerhof (G).Table 4-4 PC =us 7 . q d p a .Uncemented. q % . versus Oc= and ~ e A i c a l Stress for. F i y s a 4-14. p Cone Tip Resistonce.726. p . - .Relative Density very Approximate (degrees) jt.HC. . 17. b~omalizedConeTip ksistance.

versus PI Mitchell (22).P I 1 5 1 r ' & ' I I o' Undisturbed soil a Remolded soil t Plasticity Index. P I F i r e 4-20. 6 . p . 4 3 . . $ Sotrxce: - (%I 284. f o r NC clay.

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-- .- -*- 1' P *krn-rr---*b- l' o .. q.Cone Tip Resistance./p. Bp Corrmlatcd with CPT pc .10. Figure 3 .

1992) n .*I Figwe S Permer bility-Estimsrw (after Pow e .

Kgure 5 Continued .

--? +.. . .--. ..- . -. . i I I w . ! . - . ! . id I --A I - -II"----' I . : ..~ I ... - ---. ! L- . &. 1: F"'7. : \ . " I r. : .. I . . ..-- . [ I . I +. * + - : I : ! l l ! --+-ti! .. .. . . . .-. L C ..- . .. r~-*.-'? - . /. .-?I I : i . .. ' -w - "--. . - I - i -.- f i . ..*-I 8 I .. I ' _ * '_ I - I : - 'AI ' ----i-*i.. ..:i I 1 ..- - - 1. . . .r - - - a - i..i. -- ..*-.. _ --= . .f+. . A t . .. #. - ".2. . ' . LA-. 5 -* *+f . . -+7. > . .

-. . .-T . ...--- .- . - .----A- ------+-- . . ... rI d i j.-. + .5 i I .*----&A+. .t . - .-.j .

7 Compression Raclo lvernrr Water Co-e~f w d ~oqrce: dh1t. - Natural Wafer Content.Figwe 6 . Figure 6 0 .322..u~(41. w. (%I - -kladulus m kr for N Clay G .6 . p .

1 w -- -8. 2&23 27 .. <w. 1972) I . . ' c (HotbdBrunns.2-30 12k6 0 6 3 Glaa-hkC ' -.go~~yecL)' * .7-3-0 2-4 09. a d Felmnnn.1 5 .aroa-*iwq) w (CQ m.3 F A Bay Mud.(CL. labomtory 2h . .--m -.me'& djr (a] <~dd.. 40&2iI . .odisb medium ~~dayis (uui) C%h.) M c l d ~ ~ ~ ( h f H J ( b m r d s and Ghylt. e~. 1961) 4.od-91969 I.s..7 45 3. &m OW. VcrtagBi-dP=kfrn Srv.

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06 0. .035 to 0. 421. 0 5 5 to 0. Fibrous peat 'source: Heyri and Godlevski (25).Soil Type InorgaTJc Clays and S f l t s Rbngamarino clay C=&c I& & Soft clay s-Ltive blue -Portland clay cliy muti San Francisco bay silty clay c Hew ~ i s l & a r dvarved clay 0.Post-&aeirl ergaqlc clay Organic clays and s i l t s New Haven o r g a t e clay s i l t 0.035 to 0.03 O r g a n i c Clays and Slits ~ a r f o l korganic s'ilt Calcsprsous organic silt 0.075 8.035 to 0 -06 \ 0.075 0.03 t o 0.05 - 0.06 . p .03 $earshore clays an$ s i l t s Mexica City clay Hudson River s i l t to 0. - . 1 Psats Amorphous @ fibrous peat I Peat Peat .083 .032 0 .04 ra 0.

-i i (Deme poorly graded to silty SAND) - .

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