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Mott-The Chemists Manual 1877

Mott-The Chemists Manual 1877

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ARRANGED BY

FOR THE STUDENTS OF THE SCHOOL

Add hydrochloric acid to the

solution, wash, and filter.

Precipitate.

Boil with water and

filter.

SIS WITHOUT THE USE OF H2S OR (NfU) HS,

H. C. BOLTON, Ph.D.,

OF MINES, COLUMBIA COLLEGE.

171

Filtrate.

H^SOi and wash on filter.

Filtrate.

Divide the solution tnto two unequal parts, \ and |.

of the solution in a Marsh's apparatus, add pieces of zinc and a

strip of platinum foil,
but little zinc remains heat 15 or 20 minutes, and throw contents of flask on a filter

;

thoroughly.

Treat with strongHNO3 , and filter.

Filtrate.

Boil with a little HNO8 and divide in two

unequal parts.

Residue.

Wash, boil

with HC1,

and filter.

tion.
Put in

a plati-

num ilu

dish

'

with a

piece

ofzinc.

Adark

spot
on the

plati-

num

indi-

cates

Sb.

due.

Add

to so-
tion

ill

plati-

num

dish,
boil

with

HC1,

filter

and

add
HgCl2

Pre-

cipi-
tate

Sn.

Filtrate.

Divide into two parts.

1st Portion.

Add KCyS.
Red Color,

1st

Half.

Add

SnClo.

Precipi-

tate

Hg-.

Second Portion.

Neutralize with(NH4)HO, add ex-
cess of BafO;,, agitate 10

minutes,

filter and wash thoroughly.

Second Half.
Add HC1, boil,
then add excess of
NaHO, wash the
precipitate on fil-
ter with water,
then with

(NH*)HO contain-

ing NH4C1.

Residue.

Dissolve

on filter

in very

little

HC1 and

add

large
quantity

to the

filtrate.

Acloudy

precipi-

tate in-

dicates

Bi.

Filtrate.

Divide into two

parts.

Precipitate.

Boil in a

porcelain
dish with dilute

HnSO4 and filter.

Add excess ofNaHO
to filtrate, a few drops
ofK2Mn2Os

, and a

little NH4C1, boil,

filter, and divide the
solution.

1st

Half.
Acidify

with HC1
and add

KtFe2Cy8

Precipi-

tate

Cu.

3dHalf.

Add

excess

of

NaHO.

a white

gelatin-

ous

Precipi

tate

Cd.

1st

Half.

Add some
E(CSHS0,)

and
Fb(C8H,Oa) 9

Precipitate

Cr.

MHalf.
Add ex-
cess of

NH4C1.

Precipi-

tate

Al.

*

Todetermine de-

gree of oxidation of
Fe, examine the ori-
ginal solution with

K4Fe2Cy8 and KCyS.

a portion of the

original solution with
excess, and boil. Add a little (NH4 ) 2CO3

all odor of (NH4)HO is

expelled, and fil-

a cloud or precipitate indicates Zn.

Filtrate.

Add excess of dilute
HaSO,, filter, and sat-
urate filtrate with

[NH4) aCO3 , warm, filter,
and wash.

Precipitate
Mix a

por-
tion with
Na.,C03
andNaN03,

fuse on

platinum

foil.

Green color,

Mn.

-

Dissolve

another

portion in
HC1, neu-

tralize

with
(NH4)HO,
add con-
siderable
NH4C1 and
(NH4 ) 2C2O4

Precipitate

Ca.

Solution.

Add

Na2HP04.

Pre-

cipi-
tate

Mgr.

Solu-

tion.

Evap-

orate
to

dry-
ness, dis-
solve in

HC1, add

KNOn and
H(C,H3Oa),

filter.

Pre-

cipi-
tate

Co.

Solu-

tion.

Add

Na

HO.

Pre-

cipi-

tate

Ni.

172 STAS-OTTO'S SCHEME FOR THE

TRANSLATED FROM THE OERMAN

Taken up by ether in acid
solutions.*

DETECTION OF ALKALOIDS, ETC. 173

BY H. CARRINGTON BOLTON, PH.D.*

in alkaline solutions.!

THE CHEMISTS' MANUAL.

DETECTION AND SEPARATION OF ALKALOIDS.

According to J.

Trapp (Jahresb., 1863, p. 702).

The

yellow pulverulent or flocculent

precipitates produced

in the acid solution of

many organic bases

by phosphomolybdic

acid are insoluble in dilute nitric

acid, but

easily soluble in

ammonic

hydrate and the fixed alkalies. The solutions of the

several

precipitates in ammonic

hydrate exhibit the

following

color-reactions :

Precipitate.

^^HySra^^ On Boiling.

Aconitin ......... 1

BeEu::::::::: Yellow.............Blue...............Coloriess-
Berberin ......... J
Brucin .............Orange.............

Yellow-green........Brown.
Codein .............Yellow.............Green..............

Orange-red.

Yellow

Qainid n

Caftein .............Yellow............. Colorless ......... r . -
Conin..............Yellowish-white.....

Light-blue.......... Colorless.

With

digit-aim (yj-g- of a

grain) and

phosphomolybdic acid,

there is formed a

yellow liquid, which becomes

green on boil-

ing ; deep-indigo on addition ofammonic

hydrate ; green again

on

heating ; then colorless.

NEW REACTION OF THE ALKALOIDS.*

If

strychnin be dissolved in concentrated

sulphuric acid, to

which is added a little eerie oxide

(sesquioxide of

cerium), an

intense blue color is

developed, similar to that

produced in the

ordinary mode of

testing by potassic dichromate. The color

is, however, more durable, and

passes gradually into a

cherry

red, which remains

unchanged for several

days. Other alka-

loids, treated in the same

manner, give rise to a

variety of

color-reactions, as follows :

Brucin

(C2 |H22N

2 2) Orange, and

finally yellow.

Morphin (C34H

38N

2 6) Brown, olive-green, and

finally

brown.

Narcotin

(C5H

7 N) Brown, passing to

cherry-red.

*

Vierteljahresschrift fuer Prak. Pharm.

THE CHEMISTS' MANUAL.

175

Codein

(C| 8H

2I N03 or C

36H

42N

2 6) Olive-green, and

finally brown.

Quinin (C20H

24N

2 2) Pale-yellow.

Yeratrin

(C32H

52N

2 8) Reddish-brown.

Atropin (C , 7H

23NQ3) Yellowish-brown.

Solanin

(C43H

7I NO, 6 ?) Yellow and

finally brown.

Emetin

(C30H

44N

2 8) Brown.

Colchicin

(C, 7H, 9N05) Green, and

finally dirty-brown.

Conin

(C8H

I5 N) Clear

yellow.

Piperin (C, 7H

I9N03) Colors the

sulphuric acid blood-red

;

an addition of eerie

oxide, dark-brown.

STRYCHNIN.

The

following table

comprises the various tests for

strych-

nia made

by Mr. W. T. Wenzell

(Am. Jour.

Phar., Sept. 1870).

The solution of

strychnin was made

by dissolving the alkaloid

in water with the aid of

sulphuric acid :

GRAINS
STRYCHNIN.

176

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