PRESENTATION ON

INTRODUCTION
• • • • Early 1800‟s – Louis Daguerre – beginning of photography 1850s- 1900‟s – Photographs taken by captive balloons, pigeons World War I – Aerial photography 1920s – Photogrammetry – Routine applications for government programs – Mapping, surveys, etc. • World War II – Use of electromagnetic spectrum increases to include infrared and microwave • “Cold War” – extensive use of reconnaissance techniques – launching of „spy‟ satellites • 1960s –TIROS – meteorological satellite – First use of term “remote sensing”

Definition
► The

acquisition of information about an object without physical contact. gathering and processing of information about the Earth’s environment through the use of photographs and related data acquired from an aircraft or satellite.

► Includes

What type of data do you get?
► Synoptic maps ► Land cover ► Planimetric location ► Elevation ► Spectral Signature ► Chlorophyll absorption ► Biomass ► Moisture content ► Temperature ► Roughness

characteristics

Figure 8.1

Once EM energy reaches the surface, it is further modified through interacting with features on the Earth’s surface (reflected, refracted, transmitted, or absorbed). ► Absorbed energy will usually be emitted in a different form. ► Reflection depends on surface material and roughness. ► A rougher surface will give rise to more diffused and brighter reflection. ► Smooth surfaces look dark because they reflect away from sensor. ► Hot objects emit more IR than cool, through the “windows” ► All surface objects have their own spectral signatureallowing it to be characterized and mapped.

Remote Sensing System Classifications
► Passive

and active. ► Passive = analog or digital ► Active = Synthetic Aperture radar and others ► Can also be based on aerial or space based systems

Types of REMOTE SENSING
Active Remote Sensing Passive Remote Sensing

APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING
• • • • • • • • Agriculture Forestry Geology Hydrology Sea Ice Land Cover & Land Use Mapping Oceans & Coastal Monitoring

Plate 8.1

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