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Techniques of Safe Cracking - Wayne Yeager - Loom Panics

Techniques of Safe Cracking - Wayne Yeager - Loom Panics

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Published by: Lynn Matthews on May 14, 2012
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This book is soldfor information purposes only. Neither the author 11.01· the publisher unl!

IJe IIA·~l(laccountable for th.e use or misuse of the information conusimed in. I"i/is book:

~ontents
TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING @ 1990 I)y WclY.le ll. ¥eilgeF
All rights reserved. No part of this hook may be reproduced or stored in any form whatsoever without the prior written consent of the publisher .. Reviews may quote brief passages without the written consent of the publisher as long as proper credit is given.
Published by: Loompanics Unlimited P.O. Box 1197 Port Townsend, WA 98368 Loornpanics Unlimited is a division of Loornpanics

Introduction
1.
2.

1 5
" ••••••••• " ••••

Safe Meehan ics and Operation
C() mb i11at.io 11 Dcd u c tio 11
••••••••••

15

3.
4;
Enterprises,

Manipulation

'l'cch n iques

, "
a ••••••••••••••

21

Safe Drilling Methods
Punch ing an d Peel ing
'l'orchcs, 14~tC

35
•••

Inc.

5.

a

51
.ft1

(i.

" " ...........•. .. "
8 " •••••••••••

" " •.• 53

Cover & illustratiOlls ISBN 1-55950 .. 52-2 0

by Kc~in Martill.

7.
8.

I~XI]losi"lCS
Miscellaneous Mctl1()OS of Safe Entry
It • "

.63
67

Library of Congress Catalog Card N urn ber 90-063304

9. 1O.

S;lfe Deposit Boxes ." Deterrence all,,1
l)rCYCllti{}ll

"" ..,," ..•.........•

" ._ 13_ ••

lntroduction.

1

Appendix A -- Man ufacturer's Try-Out Combinations
Appendix I3

8

•••••••

81 85 87

Suppliers ~

~

~

Selected Bibliography

war exists between safemakers and safecrackers .. '1'0 construct a safe or vault strong enough to keep burglars out, but functional enough to let authorized personnel in, has been the ultimate goal for tile manufacturers of safes and vaults since their invention. The race towards this ideal safe has caused frustration for those on both sides of the law in their attempts to defeat the technology of the other. And while neither side may ever ultimately triumph, they both
technological
win t.heir Hll~lrc h:ltties. ()f

A constant

'fhc In(_)st I)()wcrful WCaI)()fl in tile s:lfc rnanufacturer's arsenal is his ability to attack tile burglar on one or more fronts: denying initial access to the safe, strengthening the safe itself, alarming tile safe, etc. nut the burglar is not completely defenseless either, for l1e knows a safe can never really be made absolutely foolproof. Why? Because

2 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING

huroduction

3

or other authurity IIIust always be able to enter a safe in case the combination mechanism rnalfunctions. In other words, while ,1 safe can offer :1 rC:lS()Jl;'I.I)Je amount ()f protection, it e;111 never be made, out of practical necessi ty, i11dest.ru ctihlc. A not.her problem th :It facilitates the safecracker's opcral.ion is thut of ohsolescencc in safe technology, By tJ1C time all anti-burglary device is designed, paten ted, man ufactured, marketed, and made commercially available, professional safecrackers have been experimenting and working to defeat it. 'r·IIC question is not if a safety device cart be bypassed, but rather uihen the device ioill v»: bypassed,
When ()11C buys u safe, what one is really buyinj; is time, If the safe is on t.he lower end of the price scale, it can only be expected to resist. attack Ior a short length of time, and if tile burglar is using only basic tools and basic knowledge, tile safe will more than likely do its job. 13ut

a locksmith

obsolete and what is lJ nneccssary, but I de) 11()tC throughout tile text on what models each technique is most often a·l> I) lie(_1. Safecracking is :1 crime that has been with us and will he with us for many, many .. yours. I subscribe to the theory that you can't solve a problem unless the problem is fully understood. 'l'his 1) o 1<,like Illy others, is a textbook on o crime, a guide so that the security arid law-ellforccnlent u ity Inc1Y accurately dcrst and what they're 11(> against, Ir you eire :1 security C()11S~1Itant, usc LItis guide to more accurately rcco.nllnCt:(1 C(ll~11)ll1Clltf<?r your client's 11CC(]S.Police and private Invcstlgator~ will discover inval uable information here for conducting a sufccrucking illve:--;t.igclt.i()n. And although this book is w ri t.t.c11 Io r i11 (I ivi (Ill als with no J) revious loc ksm ith in~ experience, I believe even the most seasoned safemcn will Iind several 11CW safe-entry tricks here.
com In n more u n

as the potential reward inside the safe increases, so does the risk, and so, too, must tile protcctiorl. 1'llis very simple and obvious maxlm is oftell overlooked by Iiomcowncrs and businessmen. I could not count the number of times I've seen a $200 fire safe .holding thousands of dollars ill cash, or an 1890 safe expected to withstand 1990 attacks.
. .

This book lists and ex p lain s just about £111 of the methods that arc llSc(IIJY botl. locksmith :111(J safecracker to OI)Cll safes, vaults, and Scire deposit boxes. '!'!lCSC techniques range from "soft" opeIlin_gs, SllCll as COllloinatioll deduction €llld rnallipufati()ll, ttl "11«11"(1" ()I)Clllngs, SUCll as the application of nitroglyccriJ1C or C-4. While SOJne of these techniques may be obsolete on some of tile newer, high-tech safes, many will be overJ<i11 on tIle older ()l" Jess SOpl1isticatcd models. I've not trier! to i(lentil)! wllaE-j-s

Safe Mechanics and Operation 5

e

ee ames an pera on
e

e

Despite the multitude of safes on the market today, they all cling to a basic theory of operation: the protection of contents from outside forces (such as fire and burglary), while allowing authorized entry via a combinational dial, key, or keypad. Safes differ from model to model in the way they accomplish this task, but this is, nevertheless, the basic premise of each. There are two basic types. of safes: fire safes, which are insulated to protect important documents from extreme temperat.ures, and money chests, which arc specially designed Ior extra security, to withstand attacks from determined burglars. Actually, these are overlapping categories, for most fire safes offer some burglary protection, and money chests are protected from small fires as well.
. .

. In.order to discuss safes intelligibly, we must make ourselves familiar with the basic terms regarding the

. I'.. •• : I' _. I . and is uttachcd to the ·I)()x with very strong hinges and a steel opcrutlon . P''' .ltfLllJJ l..Spindle -J~ Drive cam 'I" ---_ .... Figure 1~2 TlI£ uiheel-pack is the mechanical device that "knouts" th« proper combination hus been dialed. .. _... • .i1liu...... ".h ick. 'I'ho safe is opened lcgil.l s()1tt(!litnn. ' .-_ .. ... ---_ ........ tJIC door is then free to ()pen._ i _' -~ ~ .--.. an d turn illg tile hand le to release the bolt from the safcbox.ore) llltl."I.. with hardened steel plates..-q. I + '1 I oF . . C()111.i11-!J lite (iittl." ' . .'\I . ......II.. .....fioe-uxuled seamless steel box untli rz door attached toith... hidden from VIew..ion on the (J ial..... The door is reru thick..h <111 attached door..... Th is is a deceptively sim pic ()PCfiltion.....I..!tyu..... Wheel flys Figure 1-1 771is Diebold brand s(lje is a..ially it fivewalled seamless steel box wit. ...." ~.. :'•• I.. for m uell more occurs within the walls of tile safe. • . :--...r 1"._.----------------~4=~ ....fJ lucnlcned steel plate«.AH... --reo --~ -. . I t is essen l..' + I " ... The door is very t.." • ... of the typical safe...' • .-:(tf uiheels c ' ('us.• : • ... thu '1l)lu~(~l-I)(u:1c()'ttsi. ... • I I.l are 1tU)'IJ(!(l abou: IJJll'ltr11.'t.6 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Mechanics omd Operation 7 deadbolt. .. dial.. 14'igu re I-I shows an exam ple of the Diebold branr I Scire.. Corn bl nat ion dial ...c. .... III ... l.. .imatcly by dialing tile proper C() mbi nat... .. • I - ... -+I Drive pin .h:r(!(! tir. .(/..(li(!(ll)(!lti1ul tlu: combinntion.. very strong hinqes and a deadbolt. • ..

II(~ least. since tile combination dial retracts the bolt (after the combination has been dialed. of course). 'l'his is tile type used almost exelusively on round-door safes. the ioneel».he luct that sJ)rillg-I()«l(lc(J fence/bolt mcchunisms do away with the need for outside handles..·(!ly rest upon. Lever Fence resting upon wheels Flgure 1·3 If tlu: correct combisuuiot: luis not IJl~endialed.he u}/te(!l-llctC/G urilll1. the notches itt I. TIle only til ing worth noting ilere is t.e.8 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Meclumics and Operation 9 and the sligh t dirrcrcllccs do n<>t alter tile safecracker's methods in t.·ill1n. . and the g(J~te and fence 1J.oL he alig'nc(l.

tioll. . . In other words. Undcnoritcrs' Labonuories itulicatinq the amount of' IJnJl. have coded litis information slightly.-.l It.. t:()(I(~(1 rutiuqfram...froln .10 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Mec/1.fire: or /J.(~. snuill '11I. a small metal tag (see Figure 1~5) will be displayed telling_tbe amount or protection.e(.. ..II.I!'" lu. it 11CII)Sto 1<110W all one can about the particular model that is encountered. t:qlary tlu~-. th« O(lie tuut fence fal! into the 1"~!Jltt otches. CfJlI.I-!1 'lI. On tile safe body. lJI .CSand Operation 11 judge by the UI. one rnay expect from fire or burglary.! are three SU. .tI:i1/S 0./. Fence has droppe In 0 wheel notches . ~ - . A boO". Figure l-6 is a chart of the various codes currently in usc.({Fe (!u..plK3ted to 1mml« In.. Underwriters' Laboratories has facilitated this procedure by labeling most safes with a universal code. 11uh? Although the people (11. n WIlen one is dealing with safes. Figure 1-4 Wlunl t he ri !Jltt combinat um is (l'ia. and wh at tee 11Tl iques will or will not work._.._. every safecracker worth his salt knows exactly what each identifying C()UC means.h:if:h. the "oheets nliqn. • • _ p .(~l"...Jtag just h(JW the safe is protected...Ji~s(IL"IJlll':'1 (I. . be l?l. a burglar in the know can I~i"ure J-5 Most :. - -..-.it:t l.f/S. Handy.. -. - • .ttt.u1l1.

olncUon Ignl"..e. Teslltme: 30 min Test lrea: door only TATL-30 . 22iiMII' .. Test time: 15 min Tell.. Yel Vel V•• . cutting Tesl 'im.limited PIOtnction from bl. pro..stedt No No No Tl-30 . . Ve.'1 C"'" In nn 141UI.U. com"1Of1 looll. V..".. Tesillme: 60 min Test door and body TXTL·6Q - Yea Yo..12 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Sale Mechanics and Operation 13 UNDEltWltll~EIIS' LABORATORY CODES CIIART more thoroughly whenever that information is needed to clarify a certain procedure.. TL-15 . "" •• "Ilc Iflnce.raA: duor only .JCpIOliv •• . 'V V.1m": 30 min Tft.. ntn . noll....llIl AJ(flnt t hi J r A tftt Y 1.: l • Figure 1-6 This chart explains the 1Tteaning o/various Un. V•• • d. Yel No Ve. No - NO ~ Vel No Ve... all the information you need to understand the next chapter.. High .0AI.1 burglAry will...moder.. Ve.. 1 . YR.lyl..1 ttn. however.. 6 01 protection againlt exper' burgllrv with common tools.' btJrglary by common 10011 and cutting lorches . No lorch.••... . VIS Jack "Iteldr. lAWS I()rch". Tn. Rnd cutl~I'O wi.....odor . hnpnCI No tUlmmer.""18' I" ct1&lnll. !.and cul'lllg 'orel. leclion from .er» mters' s Laboratories sale codes currently in use..high degr .Jrl.. 0 . You have now. glary by common 10011. po..1 .". cutting lorches.._ moderlle proleclion 'rom expe.I No TATL . Pow.fea: door only "". Ind high explosives ..'. No lnTL·30 tJCOI .lncllnn .e: 30 min Tel' araa: door end body - . Any other specifics of safe operation will be discussed Common 100ts: - screwdriver. Oay-aC. • Tft51 .: 60 min TBst 1'88: door end body Val Ves VI..rglary by cornman lools..Xpert bur..s~ high dflgr" of r...

such as beating it out of someone who knows It. requires in-depth explanation. Another method is by using try-out combinations. tllis chapter deals with how one may go about procuring it. there are several tricks burglars usc to come by this elusive combination.. . manipulation.[11(1 :lre iIt tcn<lc(J t() I)e ell ~lllgC() I):{ t. and these will open a surprising number of safes in usc today. Besides the obvious brute tactics. or threatening to do so. cllt.Oombinatioa Deduction 15 ination uction Since tile most convenient way to open a safe is to dial out the proper combination. 'file locksmith walked around • . 1'llCSC C(JllliJiltati()ns arc set ()fl tile safes by tile mallufacturcrs.ic ()()fl't I<n()w til is ()I liFe t(}(J lazy Lc) bottler.' ()wn~ . s e Appendix A. so tile next chapter is devoted exclusively to it.lilY I)C()I.lI()ugh In. .lle R{~Y. Some examples of try-out combinations arc ill A locksmith I know was called upon to open a safe whose owner had just died.. One of the most successful ways.

Mauy businessmen forget about this completely. bu t ot rather just the 1:1. thus lowering the possible combinations if one chooses t. TIle third example ()C surveillance is close range. or close range. its Illacc in combination deduction.due to the drive pin on the wheel bein-g turned. tile handle will give at tile proper combination number. Basically. also. 11C. and occasionally leave their safes on <Jay-I()ck even at night. At long range.. through binoculars or a telescope.16 1~ECIINIQUI~S01" SAl~I~CJtACKING employees cannot open the safe. and th~ safe w~l ()I)CI1. to see tile combination dialed. that one can spy tile safe in question from a concealed place.. cornin'_4 iF. tile safe combination must have been completely scrambled after closing. one 11U IIII)er Lit «1 time. 'l'h is IlaI)I)CI1S ill Sinai) banks 11 urn SUl'"veillarl(!e (!crtc. 'I'his resistance is. The camera is.he _ d~i~e pin of tile next wheel. for an enterprising thief Day-lock lsoxplolted by turning tl~e dial to the left as far as it goes before any resistance IS felt..lillly Il~LS . Video surveillance requil-es a rem()te conttol or tilneu video camera Wllicll attempts to capture the combination dialing on film for later viewing. video. yet the entire combination does not 11(lVC to be redialed every time the safe is opened. one attempts.o t. tile dial is turned to tile right. Jl()WCVCr. there are three types of surveillance possible: long range. the dial shouldbe turned 1\0 more to tile left. one may he able to see what neighbnrhood each num her is in. and this affords yet another ol>p()rtunity. of course. where one It()pes 11 to set! tile en ti re co m I)i nation (I ialed.r ial-und-error it. tile dial is turned to tile right until resistance is Celt again. disguised.1. This assumes. Now. If.to contact with t. If tile safe is indeed 011 day-lock. and one must devise pretexts for planting and retrieving it. of course.". At that point. I~VCll if one cannot discern tile exact comhination. with tile handle tried at each number.

and I lend little credence to their success. Before moving ahead to manipulation there are a couple more ways of combination dcducti~n to discuss. Another trick to learn a safe's combination is to first knock tile comblnatlon dial off of tile safe ()I· otherwise mess it up. the combination. interesting and fine Ior mystery novels and tile movies. number. and the n It m ber ()11 the (I ial is plain ly VISible. then plant a bug ln tile room tile safe is ill to listen in on tile conversation while the locksmith Ilxes it. a burglar can trial-and-error the other two in just one weekend. An(1 tile same negative appraisal g()es Ior 11YI> not. In addition.ize tile Ill«lll(l. OtIC can place a (Iisguised tape recorder in somcone's not-too-quiet safe. One doubtful technique is tile taI?c . These last two tricks are .18 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING C(nrl. One may ask what good one number of a three number combination is.isIll. uiat lie . one can plug that number into the try-out combination formula used by the manufacturer (see-Appendix A). tile combination will be discussed during his visit..1<ll()WH the co 1I11)i nation. but I sincerely doubt their crrcctivcI1CSS in real life. it is generally agreed by professional psychologists that no one will do under hypnosis something they would never do while conscious. if one knows the make of the safe ./J'i1tati01t Ded1tct'ioft 19 or businesses where the safe or vault is I(CI}t open during 1)~I~illCSS.recorder trick. SU})poscdly. and upon retrieval. but with just one. tile tape speed is slowed and the volume alnpiified to produce a series of "clicks. .he same for . which was supposedly based on a true story. These methods arc rather fantastic. I f tile II UIIIber 011 tile dial remains t. Assuming a tape recorder can capture the precise number of clicks." '{.ger ()f :1 bank Unrlcr «1 pretext. This trial-and-error trick was accomplished on a six combination vault in the film Honor Among Thieves. hours.hese elieks ar-e then counted to deduce. Chances are.I long period. «111(1 til at he will not remember you r asking him for it. it is more than likely tile last n umber of tile combination sequence. or wllcre tile c()Fobinati()fl dilll eilaflgeti tlireetion? There arc simply too many variables for t · to be . but they arc included here for tile sake ()CCOlllJ)lctCI1CSS. ASSll IIIiIlg one can hypnot. Il?": does one 1<110W Irom where the safe-opener began dIaling.1 reliable technique.

Manipulation Tedmiques 21 amp ec • The art of manipulation has been around at least 100 years. • . 'l'his method of safe entry. of course.. and so too must a safecracker if he wishes to apply it successfully. but it is indeed possible. the safe is open. it's not tllat easy in real life (thank goodness). was and has always been known only to a few highly-skilled locksmiths -. or perhaps a mounted combination locl<mecllanism. who developed a scientific approach to manipulation in the 1940's. Our hero sticks an ear to the safe. however. l suggest you get aft old safe.)ulatio'l.-»roof locks were manufactured as early as 1910. Miller. turns the dial a few times. Manipulation today is based largely on the techniques of Harry C. for Jnullil. and fully understandit. 'Nell. Locksmiths must practice manipulation a great deal to master it. If you wish to foJlow along wit11 tllis chapter. Manipulation is the safe opening trick you've seen countless times on televislon.. and voila.

(the. rotate tile dial at least four times to the left to pick up all the wheels.. f/(I.t(l.. wheel notches Contact point o o Figure 3-1 WILen the proper combination is dialed. Wlle~ tile sloped notch in the drive cam comes in contact with tile lever./. space between them is COlltiI1UC .Ienceful! into the notches of th» uiheels of tlu: uiheel-pack. To do so. when tile proper combination is dialed (sec Figure 3-1). but when an improper combination is dialed the fence and lever simply rest upon the wheels.o:-:e (If llu: loner (lrolJS sli!Jlttl1J into the drine (:(1:111. 2 In s(ltfe mnmiqmlntion. .r:. Fence has dropped into . rrl1CSC are called the ccmtacl.'ilIJu! 11. As you'll remember from Chapter 1. s 'I'his is called tile dr01J-1:1'L (LrC(L. it ~lllows tile lever t(l 11111ligJltly illt() tile notch.t I:Oll.lo. Con tin uc tu rn irlg left slowly until the 11()SC of tho lever d r()I)S in to the <Irive cam giltc sligh tly (sec Figure 3-2). This -is tJL(~. allow illg the boJ t to be retracted.fi. the leoer and. the lever «111(1 fell ce full ill to tile notch es. The next indication will be tile 11()SCof tile level' striking the right si(le ()f tIle (lrivc canl gate (see !t'igure :l-3~.(:l1)oi'1Lt. IJ()'i11."I.s. (tllo'wing tlus bol! to be retracted: o Figure 3. the (li(!l is turned to tne IRIt '1L.22 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Manip'ltlation Tecnmiques 23 first step in manipulation. and its discovery is the rotating tile dial slowly to tile left.

re. turned ~ to the wit until lite nose (tf tho lever strikes the ri!JJtt side (if Ute drive cant fl(I. On a graph. and park tile wheels at a number far away. W.' was transferred to tile graph by pluciug (1 <J()L . you've run out of wheels. For tile sake of silnplicity in tllis example. Most safes have three or four. That's two. seven. "1 O()" llnc.}(1 stage of tIle InaniI)ulation pl·OCCSS i~ tg determine the exact number of wheels in the lock. is tile actual charting of data taken from the combination dial. tile one shown ill Figure 3-4.'. points In our example are 481h.I.have six.l i. alld every tinle at 60.e.aL's ()nc. and park the wheel-pack there. but some. so gurl'lext rC. we sec that our left contact point. 'I'hc third phase of manipulation o Figure 3-3 After /iufii11!ll/tejirst anuact point. you'll hear the drive pin come in contact with the fly of the first wheel. 110i11. Now. though..Jing()ceurs at 97. COIltillUC . If you've taken accurate . and 56114.-k the wheels at 97. say 60.lS transferred to tile graph by placing .'-. the (liu. 5(. Tliis is tile seanui coutuc.. We begin tile graph by turning tile dial right. we will usc a standard three wheel mechanism. eight. and when you hear no more Ily contact at 60. it is between 10 and 20 on tile combination dial. 5(j'A. We know the contact area let's say. and it is these points which will allow you to determine the combination. Now. Continue right until tile dial comes to "100" (or "0" on some safes). you'll hear and feel another wheel being picked up. and as you pass 60 (or wherever you parked tile wheels). just as you did before. Turn the dial to tile left at least four times to pick up all the wheels. rotate tile dial left to tile contact area .·()tating te) tile rigllt. SU(!II 'L. enter the left and rightcontact points in the appropriate boxes.24 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Manipulation Techniques 25 called the contact area).1 dot on 481/8 on tile left" I ()()" title.1(. f()tate tile dial right again to "100" to pick up tile entire wllcel-pack. Continue to move the wheel-pack to tile left.1. This process is repeated until tile entire graph is filled out. turn the dial to tile right.• Tile seeo. four times around to pick UI) all the wheels.new contact. These new points are now placed on the 97 line. The .l<. tile grapll goes in increments of tilree. Contact point o o area.111(1 take the left «111(1 right contuct point rcadings. 481/8. from the contact graph. Nov. Now.IA ()11 the rigll(. for example. ()r Ino. As you sec.Tn our CXU1nl)}C graph (Figure 3-4). Ftll inthe other boxes with tile whole n umbers nearest the contact points. tIleR pa. rotate the dial left again to the contact area . 'rile right contact reading. '1'I. and record left and right contact points on the . Con till uc this process.

~\ "..I .... -._ ..- 1 T·~ T r _.-+-.... .... Ui Lll\..& ILl" &tJt._. ~ ~ 2... 12 _ . --.-I 0 .. . On tile arnplificat. IiCIII..--. -. - II. your graph should look something like.7 . -I ~ . - . ~~ - H 81 a.. -.-... tile readings arc taken every half number. 84 -~ - -.~._. "-f ~ ~ 10- I I • 1 ·t._ I. -- ...-.-1'- '''1''----- 18.. _. 31 \. .. C. F- ro . -_" - .. ~ . >_ - ...idlng ..._....1 . -- _ .3 49 52 65 - -. ~ ...-.....__~ .. ..-._.. '1'11C numbers where the lines approach each other arc tile numbers of the safe combination....-_. More often than not... the mid-sixties... .. _... Tile rest of tile process is done exactly as for the original graph..-~~ .. •• ~ -. _..-- - l.._ -._. and the increment lines are adjusted to read 1/8 measurements instead of fourths..-~ ~ - -.As you sec...40 . ~ ·t r -..... \.....13 ..-.- - -_ II ....-- - 31 ~. since this first graph reflects such broad ullowances .!- . - - - - _ .ion graph of the first number (see Figure 3-5).3 40 ..<...lll. -~ . _.... r . -~- - _. ~ ...:l-:..__.40 •3 •• .." 34 - ..• ... you must try all possible combinations to find tile proper sequence.-...la.- Since you don't know which wheel is indicating which .---.-- 37 40 .t .-~ ..stcad of every three numbers.....--~-. ._. ...'3 - '~·I. ~ - measurements.. 22 ~ ~ .26 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Manipulatian Techniques 27 L. _ ... .. _..-10 '3 -f- -~._ . ..-~ - --1' ..... - - . _.. ...."' II .. and the n umbers of tile combination will be found. II 70 .•• -._. - V ..._ _.V1111. 51 ..-I) .I- 84 61 70 73 - ...-.. .... -. _. it will be difficult to determine the exact comhinat..-.10 -~ .. -. 'I _ _ 71 82 15 12 _ _.... 3..... and the lower-nineties.. so all amplified graph must be <1()11C r(JI" each number.__. since tile Lilt! IIUIIIU\.4" "n - - ~.10 . __ ~.. t-· 5' - - 52" 5~ ss..3 ._.._..~ - - Ie 70 73 anu Since you don't know which wheel is indicating which number.. .._ ~.'JAl y""w &J. with three (or however Inalty wlteels you discovered ill step two) sections of tile lines converging on one another. .. - -.--~-.__ ... All amplification graph is done for each number._..__......ltJ.. . • ._._ 73 . ~ ~ ~ n ~ 22 l' - . In other words...-..__.. ill.~ .13 ._. ~ ... With a three number combination. tile lines approach one another in tile upper-teens.._.-..l. 15 :I 1 34 _ 31 ..ion with this grcl(»l. 1._ .." --...-.. t- .....J~ ~~ ~_ -~- 11 7. there arc six possibilities. _. 4 II .I ·1 .--.-. . - _...... Pigu rc 3-4.. •7 . I~---· .~ COIdaCt ......... .s - -- : 73 . ". • I _ ..._.

Note the position of the wire ill this point before continuing. a calibrated card is placed on tile safe so that the wire movements can be recorded more accurately (see Figure 3-7).. so that it cannot SI>iJl further. ... 011. meter" for manlpulation. a.. until all of the wheels have indicated a combination n umber. .. 'I'he human ear is not sensitive enough to detect the different sounds which emanate rro.. :II-. since there is a sliglll increase ill handle 11IOVClnCJlt when one of tile wheels is ill drop-ire position.. the handle is turned each time and a reading taken.l~)'lt t.fJ picc« (!f sl.. I suppose tile reason that this hasn't become really popular among safecrackers is ... Figure :v7 .. .0 lIte luuull« U.(II(~ c meter ".. It consist» «r higho (IUt~hty IIC<lUI)JIOIICS _f()I: maximum scnxitivity..r.. is even more effective when used in conjunc. 13y altering the directions of the vibrating force. the wheels will begill to Sl)in slowly from tile intense vibration....... 'file wire.. Wlt. /. '!'IIC wheels arc all turned to the left and brought to the contact area. is attached to the handle very securely.ll(~ 1)()t(~lltIH.1 "handle Some people also (Iesign tion with tile previous manipulation methods. though sometimes used alone. This trick uses a long piece of stiff wire attached to the handle to amplify the handle's movement so that slight variations arc more easily detected. turtling the dial one number at a time. it is possible to catch everyone of the W}lCC!S in this manner. I've also opened safes by vibration (see Figure 3-8)... specially de~lgncd filters to eliminate uridcairable and irrelevant noises. If €l good-sized industrial vibrator (used in concrete settling) is applied to an inexpensive safe....'(nu(! l)(!OI)I(~ lise a "IU':II.....1. Sometimes..... . Wilen a wheel's notch is under the fence....'fl.. if €l wllecl spins its way under tile fCI1CC......_. This process. c.f<n4 s({fa nutnipulation: A /Oll.I r h II 1I1ilJ1 crro ..... Now.6 q{ the wheels is in the drop-in position.... indicating one of the numbers of the combination. each "click" IS Illustrated on the oscilloscope as a wave. At the top of the wire...-. at least 12" long. and an electronic "memory" oscilloscope with a sound wave analyzer. I"(~luuulle's monemcnt so tho: .() detect tlu: slight increase it" luuulle movement uilusn. Continue this process as in normal manipulation. I~ . or drop-in point._ ... _ ..--. the Ience will catch sliglltJy on tile notch of the wheel and trap it.. .. ..tf( uiire auuchcd.. "T . .. but when using this equipment.m the lock. r •• • ....-.~ ...J.. the wire indicator will move lAI"or rnore on tIle card.:t is easier I. Since the Incll10ry functioII...lifia.. can be utilized to freeze-frame and compare various waves with similar characteristics it is not too difficult for tile user to calculate the combill~tioll by locating three or four identical wave patterns.30 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECJtACKING Manipulation Techmiques 31 c~mbi)le tile sigl1t ?-Ild sound elements of manipulation.

.:-~ - ~:.. . -.. • .-.•. . :::'.~. ~: . • .t'~~ ol:~.:.~ ~.•....:::•.:. T" ...... ~~. .:.. •• "'. • . ... . I/-. I. ~ _• .•.•. ~. . j '..~'. . .::).. :." ~-I':... > . . . I 1Ir.. ..'.~ .. '.:. :.' .(. •~ • 4 • ..... '.~ .... 1.. . • .'\j .. .. . I .I . . :.....::~~. • .. ... ~ ~ ~. . •...-'....: :. 111111 •• • .. .•••' : ': ... . ..•• . ._.}o •. . _ _. . • : .1.. ~.( ~:.••• ~ •• '. .. l • •• ....::~''I~::' .'." •• . ~ • ~..••• ~:.: .. .• ••••. -. .. :. . I: .. .0)-".(:.1 few minutes. "'3J .~I~. " Obviously.' . • I • u -.: ! -. ' '·1'''' • 01: '~ .••...t~. +"..• .. ." : ••.....•. f: . and they numb your hands after holding them . I .. •.~. •• I - . > •••..' .. o!I""':-.. .:. .32 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Manipulation Techniques 33 because industrial vibrators are terribly loud.~ ••~ •... :.. 4·.. :..i"o '~. . . ~.... .. ' .. "!" •• : .: -". .: :: :.' '.. '.••. _ ••• ~. • ..•...> ...... ~. I . actlcc diligently if ()IIC is to master tile intricacies of this cxactillg procedure.' " .~ ..~: . • I'.:-:.-'" •• '1 ••• '•... :..'~... -=--- .•.. .~:::.... anyone with Ilcrseverance can perform an opening with these tochnlques...Jir .~ ·~·:. ...~.. . ... __ .:·.•• .: •. .. '10_ :..:... ~.::. . .. .. _ • 'II ..:... I -II..- Figure 3-8 An industrial vibrator can be used to discooer the combination of a safe.-. ~.. I':. • .:.~ • • .. 1.. One must IJ .•.. .'. ..: ~ ....:·~ '...' .•.}.: •.. '1:.' .._:..~ tt. ... :.[I••. : 'i·~· . . Although rnanipulation is sometimes difficult. ~r..t.. if they adhere to the basic glli(Jelincs outlined here . ~ .. •• II •• t . .~. )0 .-.. ..•. •_ "" ~I .1.. " ••••.- :··i .••. \ ~ ... -. .!..':. .._ .. ...•7' '..::(. .~... •.~ •• :. .. 011•• ~ •• •. . : ~{o ~.' . .".' '::_' ..-...•••~. • .. t • . 0: •• -. • _: . •..' : • :. • • .~.:.. . ..: . 'I .'."" '"r" =~ .•...~.oj.. . ~•••. • '. .. • I I . .. _. ' ._.' • • . ~..... I' I-I~:~:I:~.. )-.. ... 1~ .• '..••••..... • •.•••• :"'.: I. . ...: .•• : ' .. _ 'I ... • .~ .•• _ ...' I .. ....•..._I~ •....}... ... _ .I....~ . •• -: : ~ " . -.:-·:.:"": 1 .• •• . the various versions of manipulation are not tcchulqucs that arc cclsily learned by reading about them. ~" .". .... .. •• •... .~I:. • .••••• :. "...1 • '. ~.. + . .'. •...: . •• V'-' I .':. ~.< ) •....:.~. • • I. _ I . :. I ••• .' ..'. ... L" ..:--:-.••..• 1 ... :.... .': : .•••.. I'" ~:.. .. .. I I. '..• I..' . ...:.~. • :. -= ..' I .. ...•• t"""'" I. ..'· .~•• • ~ •• '.I •••• . •• .• ... :1· t....1 •• ·'. -:~._...' • ' ..: .. .: . . ._ .'. :... I -II .• ~. :..~~~.111._. _ •• ':> ••• -'.•.•••• •.. ' II •• ' .. ~ • .~lr I ~••• . '.. :. ~~ " • '.:' . • .~. . 'I I..... I : •• { .:: "..".~ •• . ••••••••.... •.. ~ •• oj..•..

and remove tile ob- locking bolt as long as the bolt is extended. and is becoming increasingly popular with safecrackers as well. a Ilole is (Irilled as sllown in If1jgllre 4-2. There are several different ways to drill a safe. all bringing about different results which ultimately lead to the safe's struction that is causing the safe to remain closed. Drilling is perhaps tile most common method used by locksmiths to enter a locked safe. 'J')lC rod is used to bend the cam tip so that it. As shown if I Figure 4-1.Safe DrilLing Metlwds 35 opening. In order to rCIllove it. tile til) of the calli cannot pass tile '!'IIC first and most direct way to perform an opening is to drill for the locking lever or cam. It usually . Now the cam tip can either be partially removed by drilling chunks out of it. J)clSSeS 011JJJc other side of tile locklng bolt. or 111()Vc(1 out "()f the way l>y using a punch rod.

... · .. ... the ca1n tip can be removed.... I • III 4 :I ... • .... ~ ..... t \ o \. ........ + + •• • • t ......... ... ... .. ~ • • . ~ • t t • • • • .......... • • 1• • ....................... • • t . ...... • f ••• ... . Figure 4-1 71UJ tip of the cam cannot pass tne locking bolt as long as Ute bolt is extended. • • .~ ••• 1 . I .... . • • ·t. III ........·tr 1 III • t .... ~+ +.... ~ .. ....... • t ......... . ~ ...... • • III • .. ...... Ct .'1 'I • 'I ..... +T . ····. • • ..... ~.. ..+......" • " • ...... . • • •• • • • • •• •t . . l1li .. 4 .~.... ' • • 0 It • iIiII III "....... ..•• +' ....· ... III Tile secOltd ITletllod of drilling is not an attack on any safe mecllanism itself. ... ..... ..36 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Brill:ing MetJwds The handles can then be turned to open the door.. III .t ..rr t • .... . ~ ...... can be accessed by drilling a small tunnel to ir.J ~. + ..~~~. • ~ • .... tt .... • •••• ' ' + • • III ........ ~ ~ --~~--~~. .lllt~ ... _ • . .. .·~·..·t·.. ............. · ...... .... • . "... ....!..... R .. Through this tunnel. II1II ..·... • .... ........ " .. • • • • ... .... o ...·•· ~~ ~ ~ • . 1 .................. " .. ...... ... • • •• • 'I ·....... + • • ." t" 11 III • t ...• 11 1: . III • ' ' I11III • ...... ...:4~.. • ......... + • ... •• .. . ~ • ............. 4 t . If the hole partially is drillc(l shoum.... .I... • • till.. t •• l1li •• . ...... ~......... • • • •• I ... •• tlJlj~. • • • • ..... .... •• . ... -:·t .-. ..... • • I "'111 II ~.. ... • 4 . • •..... • • ••• 4 .. .....••~ •. ••• -II • ~ .. I ......·. --. ...... .... ~ • t • • . ~ t • • • • • • • •• • 1 • .. ~tlO ..... ........~· ... II •••• • ......... • ...... . a borescope (see Figure 4-4) is inserted.... .. This type of drilling requires all intimate knowledge of safes.............. .. III • ' ••• III ... Figure 4·2 I I ...... ...........· ._.y.·. .. ••• + t ••• I1 .... • . ~. III • ••• III •• • III III II •• I·.... _ -II . ..6wlteel-pacl.. • • III ~ •• ~ . • t • • • + ..~.. t . t..... · • • • .. ·+·t·t' . .. . . . . • ··... . • It • • ... ...... ·... • - • ~ III • •• . (LS by drilling a small tunnel to it............. ... • • .. .... =-'.~ ..' • • .............. 'I • ~ • . .. • ............ ~111· .. •• I •••• .. 4... ~ ....... . • 4 ••• ... '1.... 114 .......moved out oJ the wcr.........":..... • .. .... + ·• • • • ......... • • •• • t+•+ 4 . .. • ~ .'· ... ....... ' .. ... ~ .•. . "...... ... . •t • •• I • • ..tt·I.•••"".. '·· . • Figure 4-3 711.~ ~ ... • • t4 • . • ~t · ·+ + .... .~.. ..· ..... ... ... r .. t • . tr .. ....... · ..... .. ·.. ~ + • II .I::: ....__ ... ·... • • • ~ • • 'II • • . +. '•• ..... • • • • • •... • ... 4 . • •• • • III.... ·•~ • ~ .'· ·•....."t· .~...... the wheel-pack can be accessed I i....•• ..... 1 ............ + '1 ... ... • I t ·... •• 'Ws I " I ...... .. ..... ..... . ...• ·11·... • 4 ........ ~.....- ''\ • .• • .... U1... ~~ .... .·. · ... :I • • • • •• ••• • III .. but rather it is a way to create a "peephole' into the wheel-pack. r ••••••••• 4~.. ....... ~ • • ~ • • • 4 . ... PI••• 4 ...·...... for one must know tile proper angle and depth to drill...... .. • ... . • ...·· .... • ~ • ••• .... .. ' .. ..... A borescope is a .II • • + . ~ ....·. .... ~ .. · • ..... • + .... t • • If· •••••••• . ... • • • t 4 ....... .. ... ~11........111~ •••• III •• • ..... ~ ...... ·.... •• t ••• •• of: • .. • • • ........... ...... • • ..... t • • t . If seen from a side view (see Figure 4-3).......... . doesn't take a lot of bending to accomplish this bypass....· ....~..... • 1 . .. III . ··. ·:1 •••••• 111.. ..... • • oil • 0: ....... / "II.... 1 ....~ ~ ~ ~ .... •· ....... • • • • • • .....•..

. -..~a:--.. .~~.. .~~:_ r.: :~/'.rc.. . ..' . >. :.. -: ·I~ I...t.. ~:..:~':I .~ ~k. II I ~. This set of numbers will not be the exact combination..: ~-=:.~ ·~. (1A. .. all one h(lS to (I() is il()() I t() all of the 1l111l11)ers until the rigllt C()llll)il'ctti()lt-is f()ltrltl. • -~-"':·~h':~'...~I. • ~. ~ I . "~ .. :.:~. . . :ti. . :' '....• ..' .~' -.llo'l1J.... I·... .~ •...<_ ~ :.... _..i .. •I .. 'I'hey are usee} ill many professions.. .". _ I.. ~~.:~:f... .. :.::'... . ~... . ~ .~.'. Iiber-optic uieuier tha.. ' .. I". • ".. •:. .. . ...~"" I . . .:"':''. .': I ._. I~ r·'.. from mcd icine to (~Ilgineerillg.....'-~.~~...~ .. .:..0 - :-... ." .. i·".-... "..."" • ~\¥"!.f . .. . .. '~j'''' ..:... ~:..': .Ct . I: • I... ..• 1.:' r... .... <111.~ r I ~:-. ":o:~... -. ~~tI~~~·i~~{ 1 . ( me cnu.. ...:...~.: ...'.... I· .. •• ..~I. -_ ~ .... 1I11t..... I' ~ I '.'.. :~2-1l~-·f)~. • .\.~. _ r •.~ ~ -. • • r ... II ... ~ ••• 11-:-:04 • I ~~ ~I • I• ~" w ...:.ulurtt tile uiheels are (lli!J1lecl.. fiber-optic viewer that allows one to sec into small holes or around corners. ~ .~"'" " "~I'...:.. •. ••. ':... • .- • ~~~~~j'f.. • .1 . ... _I -.'••. •.' .• ."'_ . " I I • .' •.... Figure 4-6 • borescope. '.~'~~~'t.~.'" •.I"....:... I \ .~.·"1· :-~'. .. ·t-··' ~~.~... . •• .() •- are availI . ... .~~ '... .~. ..'. ...-'..\: : • -'. " .·i.~:. ~ · • • ..:.... ~". .. (ll~lhll.' :.~~:· .:.: ..~~-t'o:·...~:.:.. • "... .. fOr exaI11IJl(!. • .. you 11(1..l!-•..t: ~~ I~ . 'l'his is (lone iJY recor-ding the numbers seen on the dial when aligning tile wheels.:0.• .1 _I-' ._ ' ••• :~. .(..·~..."".. .I'..-.... i" I . ...:..~.~ .:": t. I .:. :P:' '.. . S().... I ... '....~ .. . . II:I~~ . •.:...~I:P'. -..-~ ~t~·.. (- 1 .1 WiUt a lJ()r(~SC:(IIJa inserted into tlu! iunnei (lrilled to the 11Jlte(~l-lJ(u.~"..Il!.<._...t~..inn. ~~ .'." ~~I... With one is allowed to sec the wJiLccl-}>acl< (sec . .. '-:..1.... . : . . .' ~:\.. •. ./:.. _._1 :... ..'..:• ...' .. I Figure 4-5)........ ... ~.. .:-._. '... ~....flexible... .0(..~ ._...~... • ....: .I .. • . .csc~pe.. ...!o. .. :~ ~. I..' ~ .:--.... clute from any locksmith or sclcntific supplier... ...~~ ~:~.... -:.~:/:. (I.. ..:. but these numbers will be tile same distance from one another (is the Illllll1)ers of tile real cornbin at.. ~I.38 rrECllNIQUES OF·SAI"I~CltACKING Sale Drilling Metlwd3 39 Ilexlble... -'1 .() t.. • ·r'. -. ... "I ..-.1 :3f)-4()-f)(). 1 I I.:f . ~:. SCCll through tile bor.~..:'" . I. .L~~ . .. ~:-t..... I I • ..... ~ •• " .... .il the proper set. r'" . !-I- ~ I ' ..~ "'~"» . .. ~~~ l •• rl~~1 ... "\ . and one can then deduce the combinati~n. • I I • - . .. •.. .~. . <~\ 1'It.~~~~\~ :. < ..-I -!. ale ~)(J.1........ ? r :" •• ~. -. . "I' I ...() (lia.t··. x.c. .~...":::~...~ . ~ I' '... ... .• '.'. •• ~" .... et..u.:-~ 'J'-:. one C(L1'.. .. ..._ . •..II. ... .«'... ..'_I. :... .. · t'\ .--. ~... : -. ._'. \ . :~. ()I nu mhet s is i. • .~ I . - .1 correct c01ttIJi1'llr. One Lhen l)eg'.._ ~> ... I.::... I I~ I .' 1. : \. ~..:. _...~"i .k .-' I . .. ..:....-.(~rlni1u1IJI. :-r . S(?(~ 1.scopc).':10.i: ~) ..i::.-..••.. ~~~~ . " '. .-': ._..: I .. ....(.~~. . .~I.". ~ '_ "II •• 1 . I • Figure 4-4 A borescope is (I.'."'..:::\.. '~!. .:...tW1t. -. .-..g :J 1-4 l-f 1. .. .: 1 -..". ....":"" . . •- ~""-.:•• :'.. ... J ...~. ~. :..(JIlt! II) see into small hole« or arousui corners._. ~: . tilElt ill ()rdcr t(l perfectly «lligll the whocls (as seen thr()llgll.~... '-i.... .. I ..:..:: ..I ~j.5il:y'.~:I~I.

. (tlul t~:t:l..l1·(f. one may 11UIICl1 it out of the way to allow the passage of the bolt cain.-. 'iS(l!J(~(If IJI. Figure 4-6 drilli1lg. 71tt!:.40 TECHNIQUESOFSAFECRACKING Safe DriLLing Met/uJd3 41 prOIJCr place to drill requires some knowledge of tile safe encountered. about g" or 10".1I. but once the holt is located. used to tlril! from.l"S (1:11. 'file cam is now free to turn. ligllted 1)()fCSC()I>c is needed here to I)Cllctratc tile darkness.r(Jr. A good. cam.1~ • it. threo ill(:'U~.. but there «ire some general rules of thumb (.ertl. This method r~qulrcs a very long drill bit.}llt"·IJ line tlu: (:I!III. and extend it around to the side of the safe about 3" (see Figure 4-7). !J(m. to reach tile d!stance from the side of the safe to the locking bolt (sec Figure 4-6). Draw an lmaginury line fro III the center of tile cornuillilti()ll dial.ill.fi~n(JiJl!1tlu: l)r(Jl)(~r lll. so tile handle will then open the safe door.nee .'_./(. Determining the T"J~e is n." ~ punch with a hammer so that tile bolt is driven out of the way. while tilting tile drlll bit down slightly. • Tll~ third method of entry is side drilling.I.tI!II. a drill bit about 9 or 10 inches long t..t1t1. a ic>ng I)U nell rod replaces the . out (N U~ 11'a]/ (Lllollrin.i'lu} bolt. 'J7wlockillg bolt can tuen lie mmched.er ()nlu~ nnl.(:/c(rr.. the sid« (If tlu: stI!e to the l(x.l rule (?f lILl/tn'} . nrtnuul to lIlA! sid« tlu: S((/l! ubou. side l}(. 10 drill in side (lr·illi'u!I.l.(~ bol.. The tl~cory of this method is that by gaining access to the locking bolt.~re(:-r(l. (~r .io1l l/'il1.g !11.11itt can he applied. r'}·01'n.(rHds (!( . Drill here.

. lt ·111·111·..• _ • r·.. + r . . Ir·'·I.. be 01Je1tC(i. The usual method of approach is to first cut tile handle off as close to tile door as possible. .. _ I..r~ ..II r"1'...:.. I •• .... a large scrcwd river is inserted into the square hole in the center of tIle cam (sec Fjl~ure 4-9)..... As the inward pressure 1 ..finnlJJ... . .. . • •• - 11. _ + r. 77/... o ... 'rile exact center of tile shaft is marked and a I(»)lg liH" bit is used to drill a leader hole all the way through tl-1C sllaft. + .1... under the bol. IJI be IIU1J(f.f'"Y~ hols: i'll...... :•~ . III." .. u1td presse« ... ... I • -"I'..~:.1U(1)eRLilA! cam.~.. lite center of the luuulle shaft all tlte 1vay thrinuih. I r tile hole is straigl.._I:': .oI)cnillg position. so that the handle shaft can be seen. + • I ...... - + •• - I I ...-... the shaft.. •• _ :~..__----... A larger bit... ·... .... ... . 1· ..= ilL • -.. and olknos tlu: (.(1.... III 11_1 ••• • • . ••• I . ".. .. ....•• .· about :~n.....: ·...... ~ ..42 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Drilling Metlwds 43 Tile fourth method of (trilling is an attack on tile handle shaft itself.... • • _ r .... .·"·1 I "11 . is .1". screuxlriuer ill...U. : •• • . . r I -• I .. then. Nut . r . .-..·. and pressed firmly while turned in tb&. .... tlu: snfecrucker inserts 't l(LT"t}6 r ....: -.. ~cam I"igurc 4. With tile shaft gone..: •._~---~--. which permits access to the cam. :. . ) 1 1\(I...ilc(l ()ff the thread at the end of the handle.... •. Figurc-4-8 If a safecracker drills throuqh.... '1 1 • • r " .. Iw will drill off lite thretui (It 'lie end of the handle and the (ltla... _ .. '11u!door can.." ••. t• .... •• ... -r .... r + ••••• ..to the S(/.clting nut... 111• ••• I· ' r I.. <: ' i: :a- J lit· •• I- + I • ·1 . lr - ·L·. ..~~___al . • .·r .111••• ... Han~le Shaft ..I : .. 'I'he plan here is to drill directly through tile center of the handle shaft to shear off the threads of the attachtng screw... ..... "I "I . .... and the attaching nut will full off '1 11iswill permit you to remove the handle shalt COIl) pletely.....+ I I' ••• • ...:I' .. willfall q[f... r .tllcn usee] to follow this hole to tile end of the shaft (sec FIgure 4-H). This allot-us liim to renunie the luuulle sluift c01r1:Pletel11... . the center of lite cam.. ..: • 1• .(~r cmoninu thc luuull« sh((ft. •.· . t and accurate.. _ 'I 1.· :: . . I • tr r •••• -....:. you will have (jri.. • I • I • I + . .. I I...Ss(!(l..· .... ..i:.. • _·1·.. • " ...

After . This S(lU(J. the cam will be moved in under the bolt to allow the bypass of tile cam. Figure 4-11 A safecracker can drill a series of hotes to create a 4' x 4' square.44 TECHNIQUESOFSAFECRACKING Sale Drilling Metlwds 45 is applied. allouring a hand to read" in and remove iJw contents of Ute sa/e. wheel cluster so that a portion of the wheel cluster is now visible. One 110Ie is for a borescopc. and the other for tile insertion of a long screuxirioer. and punch this square out with a sledgellammer or cut it out with a cutting torch. The safe man removes the screws on the back of the One Iinal trick of the safecracker is to drill a square of holes (see Figure 4-11). di m . out with a sledqenammer. one for a borescope.recan then. . Figure 4-10 A safe man can drill two holes into the back oj tlte sole. The door will then open. Another area of a safe that is vulnerable to a drilling attack is the back. and the other is for the insertion of a long screwdriver. IJB punched. tile wheels can be turned and the bolt retracted. Two holes are drilled into the safe interior (see Figure 4-10). Using the special screwdriver.

!!!iiIaIa VI . Plates vary In thickness from IAJ" to 0/8". .. • . a plate of hardened steel.~.46 TECI-INIQUES OI~. ()f stc(l(ly preSStlrC... . : ... . and it often takes up to ten to penetrate the plate. -- Figure 4. ... .. . but a smaller person should consider .. .. Pigure 4. we should discuss tile actual mechanics of the drilling process.' .-....U!. .\'(!f~ll:r. I '. .: ~~ :'~"'".. 110W that you know the methods and purposes of safe drilling. ...~ ~ : . Hole 4%" Deep .lclICS inside tile safe to remove tile contents. . : 'I. or cobal t-l. . I . but most are about lA" thick. tunqsten. .. ". " .Y template is avuil{L1Jle for j'ust ubou: eocrt) make iuui 11todel Q( sa/e..i res . .. . ..cn. such as tile door. " .. •• I • . ......:-...:.r" : . . . tile smaller tile drill bit required. .. • . ' .. AllY area vulnerable to a drillhu.1 higher SPCC(} of about 5000 RI1M... . I "I. . lIe tiler) rc.<:. but you'll know it when you Jlit it.' . .. I '~' '. " .. Wheel Pack Peephole 0 40/8" Deep 18 Angle ~ ~. " .. .. I .1 carhir lc... in the-higher security models. I·· .. I ... • ".l)rillillg hard . • . " ~ - ..2-64· onthe Rockwell se. ..1Cl<.. ... and tile less pressure needed to penetrate the hardened steel.. :ZI5&.._'le. :'1 .--- II ...1 grcataInC)tJnt.. Tile placement of this hardened steel varies Irorn ~afe ~o safe. " • 'I ..1I. ~ . "N-. ..~ '~~: .12· 7'0 1Je'llctrate (I..1. . 'I'he higher the drill speed..'rlf~s. ... sides.-:. . This steel is usually hardened to (. - I II I J I I ~.. I : . - - ---_.nl!} A'rill. ..SAFECRACKING Sa/e DrilLing Metlwds 47 makillg this slnallll(Jic. :ll1(lrecltl." '~.. 3 1 (1116 steel requires . . "I . . 'P 'B AlII' .. I • of .... . Well.. . '" . It(Lrdened su!(~ls(~te...:- cfflclently for only about two minutes." notockor -LRernoval ..c it. . is necessars]. \ )I -----. . .. plenty . .. or coiJuJt-ti111J{!lldrill bit.' . - .." • .l/: SI:.- ... will most likely COI1tain. .. . a • ~~~~ A (lrill'ill... zj • . . .. hut effective. . .". attack..rbfile. t.. ~. ~ . (:HII.i 1'1)e() dr ill bit (secFigure 4-12) to pcnctrut.:.. or 1)c. 'I . It c(l. A strong individual wtlO can maintuin a steady pressure should usc a drilling speed of about 2000 I~l)M... Crude.ungst.. • I . ..

... t •• • • ..... ...:~..... I ~ .. • • • • .. . • ••• III·" - ..... III ·II.... .. • + . . I ~ .. ... . t"~ and . a 1 1 ... • • ~• • ~ • ~• • • . I I. ... .. • _ • I • • r . . · •• · • ~.. . · • · ~· · . • . • • • • • • • IjII ... • . . • • ...111(1 model of safe. . • • • • • • .. ~ . . • I·" • • .~ I .I ... . • • .. .. . . .. . I • I ... . ... . . • ~ ~ ~ ~ • . ••• iii . .I • 6 I • ~• .. • 1• . • • ~ . .• •• I oIIlll • • ..yle of tlrillifl-!J (/... . .. I • • • • I r • • .... r.~ I ~ • ~ ~... • .· .. ... ... .... • •• . ~ 1 . .. .... ~ • ~ .~... .. I • • • • • ~ • I • • 4 a • ... . • • • ~ • • ~ .... ~ • • . 1 •• _ ... ~... .. ..... • • t • t • • . • ~ I~ ~ • I .. . • t .. I . ..Ib" is a good starting angle when door (I rill i11g. ... ..... .... · ··.... • • 1 ~ ~ • .... .. • ...... · .. ... - ... ...... · . .. ... ........ I I· ... 1• • II••••• . . • • ... I a.. ...() lI:-ie l... . . .1 .. .en has I.... ~. .• . • • • I ... . • .. ."::~:?~~--. .... . .... • • • t • ...... ... - • • I: ·. I .. .... ..... • ....41. .. + • I • • ... .. . .. . • "I • • I • • • II ........ .... • I . • + • .. .. .fr(J(1-lttLn(l (i'rillin!J.I~I •• I II. ~ • • •• I •~ I ~• 11'· • • . ... :...... • ... • + . .. It is rattler hard to know 110W· thick a safe is by looking at it.. . - • . • • • • I • • -1= • • III • • ...ttllJle IlrilL. 4 " ~ ••• •• 6 .1 I . . • I • 4 ~ .. t ••• • I • . ' ': . I . • • . • 4 • . • • ~ ~ . · I ••• • . . • • + • " • • I • p • • .. . . .... . • • ~ • • ... • I • • ~ . I I ••• • ..:. . • A 4 t • •••• 1 • .. t • .... . . • i I..... • •• • • .. • t • •• • . • ~ • • • 4 .. . • • L • . .. .. . ·. III • • II' • . ' It. · . • . • • .... I ' •• -II 4 • ~ • a • • a .... • • • • • • ~ · 4 t .. • • • • ..• ~ • 4 t • ~I ~• ~• • • ..... Figure 4-14 111.... · . . .. ... . .. ...... ...::.. .. ... ~ ~ •••• ... • •• • • ·t • . . . " .. • . • • • • t. Inc......... . .• •• ". . ..... . ~ . • .~ t_: .· · · · F• .. . ··. • • • ~ .. . ... . • • • • • • .. . • • • • • • • • • • • • .... .. ... .. . . . 1 ~ • 1. t • . • ... • • ~ ~ • • • a ~ • • •• •~ 4 • ••••• • • ~ • ~ l1li • • I .. • • a I1 • • ...' • • I ••• I I .. 4 I.I • • A • • . t •• .:.. ... · .JreSs ·1.. . the • ••• ·...... . • •• •• ~1~ • I • . • • • • ..·• ~~ .. I • II...... . ~ . •• • 4 • •• t • ~. Usiru.. ·.. .. .':<:> :_ .... .... • • ~ • ... '.. As you can sec ill Ic'igllre 4 -111·. '. .. ..... .-~:~-. • V pdlll . ~ ..' .... '-:. ..• • . I a ~ • • ~ • ~ • ... • ~ .. .: .1 ... .. ~ .. . • • • • • • + • . • ... Figure 4-15 A tirilli1l!1 ri11 i. _ ... • B • ~ I ..:... ·.... & • • • • • • .' . t • . ..... .• • .(~~S f o S(~redoor.. • ..l11 III list do is place tile template against tile safe... • I: .• •I•• • • .. ....111 instant x-ray view of tile contents. • • I . ". .. ~ ~ 1 ~ .....~:>~~ .. • __ .. · . .··1...~ • · ·......s (t lH1. . • . 011 .:~:.. .... III . r ...... • • ~• ... • .I ~ ~ IjII • ~• II. .. ....... ..... . • • 4 • • ~ • 4 • • ... .. • • • 1• • IjII .. . . ..... • .::-:-'"". • I . :... . • • .:~ .. III • • . · ...t~.. . ... .. • .. . ....... . .:-. ..... . · . .·.: -: : ~:': . . olt. .... .. • ...... • lIIIa. .. .. • A• ••• '" IjII • • IA • .... • + • • III • r oil • • • • •• .. . ~• • • •• I .. •.. >'.... . ·.... "_ I· I.. • • • • '.. i . I - _. . . 1... • • • ..~ •• ••I • .......... . ... ~ • .. .... . • + • • • . .. . - .' but.... w .. .. . . • • . ..i"g of sale drillitu... + • • + • • • • ··. • ~ • ~• .... .. I : • ~I .. . . • .. .. and is adjusted for tile minimum amount of work. • " • • • .... .. ~ ~ .. .. .. . ...... .. the proper drilling (lllgic... . + • • • .. . . ...: ... . • . . .. ~~~ •• ..4 + II • . • ~I . • • ~ ~ ......... • • ~ • • . • • ~~• • 1 1• ~~ • • I • .. . ... ..... • I J. I • ~ ..... · . · .. .. I • .~:. •~ .. • • • • • ~~~~ • • • .. . . . I" • .. . ·. ....... r ... • . II • • • • + . .. .rii)llt.. . . .. ~ .. t I . I". ... ~ ~6 ~ •• ~ • ~ ~• ~ • . .......... " • ..... .....:... • • ..·~"····· ·.. • I • ....rot (lrilli'tI!11Jr(~..... . . • • .. All a safe 111.. . .. .... . " I ~• ~• ~ ...... _. .. .... .. ....~~<:~-. . .......· .. . • r • • .. . • .. . . • . ...nUUJS 111. • • ~ • .... 6 • • . .. • • It • r • .... • .... • . • .. .. ~ t ~ 1• • . • . ~ • • • . . ~ I _ .. .. ··. • . . • • •• ::I . ... ... • • 11 • ... • ~ ~ • IjII . ~:.. • 1 • . • .. .. .-.. .... • . • • • I • a ~ • • . .---.riul-and-crrur method... ...:~. ..1 .... • • ... • • • • t .. • • • .. • • .n. • .... ~ ~ • • • • • ... • • . ... • • • • I III . . • . .. _1:1 ........ I .. ~ • ... ... • ! ........ •• •• .:: ~ r . · .. .. I r • • •• • . -..· •• I •• I "........' ~.. • • ~ • ." .. • .. • • • • I ••• ~ ~~ -1"1·1 ~ .... . •• I - ...... I - ·1· . . • . ... .............. • I ~I • .. .. .. • • .. T- • I.. .. . .~1J:Strong A rnl Security.48 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Drilling Metlwds ... • • T • • • III . • . • .... ~ . • I• • 4 . a .:..~ot..... 1 . •• t • • I ··~ 4 t.. .. ~. • • • • • • • II' .. . 1 •• • + • . . · ..... • • • • • • • 4 a ~ • . a...... .. ~ ~ ~ • • • • • • . .~. .. • • + • . A drilling template (see Figure 4-1:3) is available for just about every make ... • • ..: ..::-::'. . ....c.. • • ~ • •• •• ~ .. • • t ... .' ~ . • .. .t... ....... • • .. ••• + .... • • • • T • ... " ~ . . ........ 1 • • •• I P •• a• . . • ... • • • • .. ... - -' ·1...... ':.... r . . . . .. r . 4.1 • 1 .. ". .. ·. •~ • • • . . .. • I ~• • to • •• • -II • .. .. I . .a • • • . • •• . .. 1 ~ II.. 49 Another factor Olle must consider is the angle (It which tile safe is to be drilled. .. III • . • 4 I . i • I • • • • 4 • . ~ • ~ ... ............ . • + .illC(1 by a working knowledge of safes. ... • • •• IjII ~~• ..~:~.... ' I . • · • ~ • ... • • ..... r . .. .. ... . • .. • .1... . • T • · r ...· ~ . • • • • ~ • ~ • ••• ~ .: 1 .... • • . ':~-<'-':.1 •••1 • . ••• • ~ •• ~ ft I . to ~11 .... .... I . • •• . • ~ l1li .. • . . . I ~ • . 1 ~ • • . .... • • .. .• 4 1 1 • • • ~ • • • ~ • 1 ... .. • • ... .......... . • ~ ~• 1 ... • . • . ... I I • _ .. . .. • IjII • . ·. : ~ • • I" I I ••• 1.. . • ..... • •• • • • .n. · . . ...... • . .. ...... • • r • • · ·....... a • 1 • • . • I . • • • • • . · .-<~::... ••• • ... . •••• A ~ ••• .. • .>:.. ... • • • • • ... to ..~ •• 1 • . .... I• 4 1 •• • 1 1 a~ . t • ..11 • • I .. ......... .~:.. . . • • • • • • II1II 1- • • • • • •• t • ~ • .....his.... .. III • .-. . • • " • III • ... . • . . or l>y using drilling templates.. . • • •• • I . . . . .. . . • • .···· • • .. • • .. .... • • -III .... · .. • ... • I ~I III • • .~i ·... ~ . . .. I. • • • • . I • • • .. .. . .. .. .. III II • • .. • I •• . . + • • •~ • &•••• • •••• ~ •• • . I ..... • • .. t .. . ~ ~ ~ a .... • ~ • I· . • . • . I a~ • .. · · • . ... . • . • . .·.. . • • II •• . . .:\ .l1ILi(... • ... ... 4 1 •• ...... .· . ... • . • ~• • ~1•~•• . . .. . ... .... .... . .... • • .....1 • 4• t • ~ .. ..... ~ • ~• • ..~ .4 • • • •• • • . 6 • • ~• ~• • I • ~ . . .... • ....• • •• • • I : •• ... ....... ..... . .....(r])ends on tl. .... • ~ ••• a • I • •• 1• • • • ~ • . _ • • . .. • I •• ' . ••t••~ . • .:~ .. • • • • • • . .~l... 11~•• 1.. . • • • 'II • - • •• ···t . . ... . • 6 . ... of' · .. ...t til • • • • . .:: .~: .. so the sufccracker 1I1()SI.. . • • • . .. • . • I ~ • I I . ...... ..r(?11Ltl.~ ... . • • 4 • • ... :\!. and he hns ........ • .. ~ . .....lS 11() trouble i11 (lee i(l ing exactly Il()W to (I ri II... • " • • • r · I • III I .. . • ~ • ~~ • • II- • • 4 ~ ~~ • • ~ • • • • 1 .. • t ~ . 4 I • .... ....... ~ .. • 4 I IjII • . • . ... .. I • • I • • 4 1 • ~ • ... ..." ... ~ ~ · • •• + . ... • ... r· .6 ........... • • ~ ~_ w . ... ..· • ... ·· ... .. ··1... 1 • 4 • . 6 • ... t • . 1. I • • • .. •. + I . • . . .. ... ... ....• . ~ • . i • • ~~ • .. ~. . • . . . . ~-' • I ::.... • • . ..e tll:icl('11.. · ..· . . • • • . • .'..... ...... . '.. . .. •• . . +· . .... . .. ...a.~:... . ... .11 III • . .• ... ....... . 'l'hcre is. ... ... '. . . .· • • • 1 .. • • ~ I • 1 ~ 1 ..::.... • ..... .... ... ..... • • + . ...... . 1 • . . .. . . .. " .... • r • T • ... • • • ...I. • 1 • .. • . .......: ..... ~ . • • .. ...... a ..'?. .. .. • . Such Information is best ()b~.1/.1Wh more conl.. .. .. .. •••• • • ... .. I... • 1 .' ...hc t.... • • • • • .. . III • • t I • • • • . • . • _. • • • . .. . • . II • • 4 .. ... • r . .. . ... • oJ • • • .~~: :. . • • ...... • .. . ~ • • .. . .. 'I'his depends upon the physical construction of the safe itself.. ·. .... • . . .. .. . . . .::...... • ~ • ..... templates.~. ... • • III r ··.: :.. + ·1 . III • • II- • • a a •• 1 ~ • • • 4 .. • . . "II .. .. I ..• .... I • .. • ~ . • • ...'. • . .. • • 1 ... . • • thlckncss of the (IO()f <lctcrmines.8 prop(r. I • 1 . • • ·•.. ~ • II- . .. • • . . • • • • .~~~. . ... < . • • ... ..... . .. • .. • ... • •• .. • • • . ~ •• ... . • r • ... I ~I • . • 1 • • ... . ..:::. • • • • ~ ~ • • t • ...... .... .....I • :" •• :<~''...... . ... . . · .'. · I • . . . •• •• I • I.... ' • . .1..'~.:.. .. · ..... . ...... • • • I • I C(n'rtc... .. ~ I . ~ IjII ~a ~• • • • •• .... • • • ·. II1II .. • • . • ~ I • • .. .... . I .. •• .. I 1 ...:~. 6 ~ • ··~ 4 . . • ... . III 1 ~ • .. _ • T ....... ~ • • • •••• .. . cnution taken in tile (lis1. ... .... .... . t ... a.. • ~ ~ • • . I I• • . .I& attacJws to IJw S(~(t~ it. 1 • • . · ... ... I·· .. 1• • •• r • ·. I •• • .. .:::. .. he 11. ... . • I. . :... . ·. I . .: ~'"-.. . ~ ~ .. .. ·4 .. . • ... • .... . ~• 14 ... .. • • • .-- . ... .......... ... ~. ... • ..':. • • I_ 1 . a I . . . ..:.. . • • III • • ... • " • • • "II • • • .... • I • 4 •4·I·f • I• ~ ·I •• ~ •• ..... ....lI. ~ • 1 • ~~~• ....: ..e1!(t1u1 (.. • ....

Frumon Manufacturi~g Co. thls can be quite successful at times. steel w:c{lltcs.In c(lgc at tile UI1J)Cr rigllt hand corner of tile safe. and sometimes all electric jackhammer.icrowhar. or steel wedge to pry . One layer (tiler' another is peeled until the inicri<)r or lile safe is r(~«lel)c(l. Strong Arm Security Co. entails delamlnating a safe by prying up a corner.. bolt-cutters . have come to the rescue with their various drilling rigs. 'I'he primary tools of peeling arc very crude. Willi models made _Pl"ior to 1960. more violent methods of safe opcnlng. or stripping as it is sometime called. These devices. pick. and others. near the door. although it takes a great deal of time and effort. One uses a cruwbar. arc very po pu lar means of attack among safecrackers when facing older or cheaper safes. It is also much neater titan the methods that follow. it is obvious that drilling is quite an effective and efficient means of safe entry. Punching and peeling..50 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECltACKING l~unclLingasul Peeling 51 with safe drilling is that one must drill very accurate 110Icsat SOl11CtilllCS precise angles under difficult circumstances. Peeling. III a few minutes. axe. are portable drill presses One problem which allow much more control and drilling pressure than free-hand drilling. which attach to the safe itself. and iJ1L4-udc tJ1C ax.. and removing sheet after sheet of metal like a multi-layered can of sardines. . Now that we've seen the purpose and mechanics of safe drilling.

however. the theory is to force the cam out of tile way of the lock bolt. In the hands of an expert. the tltermie lance. so that the door will open. on older model safes. capable of temperatures between 4000° and 4500° F in the hands of a skilled operator. an oxyacetylene torch is a very effective tool for cutting most steel materials. to forcefully knock tile spindle into the cam. One way to accomplish this is by torch. allowing tile handle to turn and the door to open. and started using cement-like lining under this metal. force the cam out of the way of the loclc bolt. New high-quality safes. however. and using a strong punch rod. . or burning bar. compllshed by knocking the combination dial orf the safe. plus many have spindles of lead or other malleable. sort metal which spreads out on impact rather In punching. . Etc. by using relocking devices which engage during a punching attempt. is used extensively in the construction industry and can reach temperatures of over 7000° F. This slowed the burglar down. This is ac- than moving the cam. but cheaper safes and fire safes are still particularly susceptible to this type of attack. One type of torch is the oxy-acetylene variety. Another type of torch. even the toughest safes lend tllernselves to "v~aFi911s methods of burning. have seamless one-piece bodies which defeat any attempts at peeling. Modern safes have effectively removed this opportunity. At this temperature. safe man ufacturers began replacing the relatively thin steel faceplate with thicker metal. This will. the lance will penetrate the most advanced safe construction in the world. if given enough time. 53 a burglar can inflict an incredible amount of damage to a safe with these tools. Many years ago. and the other is by incendiary. Since any metal can be melted at a hot enough temperature.52 TECHNIQUESOFSAFECRACKING Torches. but has some difficulty in piercing thick. hardened steeT plate.

also create a lot of noise and IIUgC quantities ()C smoke. such as theneed to wear a special fire suit.. and tile bulk of the equipment. pierced illto t. Wlli~ll i~ likely to set off any burglar or firc alarms nearby. Etc.54 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING 7'orclws. Burglar of AluT'11L Bypassi. and will. and grab the loot.he Silr(!. molten .TL'S James Bond. The Kcri-Coil is portable and easy to COI1CCcll. allowing a metal punch or long sc r ewdrivcr to be poked through. but is still effective in opening older and less expensive safes. Gas masks are usually worn when using thermitc. Most. Tile Kcri-Coil is essentially a miniature version of the Thermite. Its illcredible heat will penetrate a six-Inch. Ftrst. called tile Keri-Coil.. (See Tec/~r~'Lques. it will melt the metal almost illstcllltancOllsly. However. thick block of tempered steel ill 15 SCCOI1US. thcreure many drawbacks for the would-be carbon steel . and for good reason. I fccl.. cutting is accompanied by other methods of safe opening. 1)(~C()II1C a very popular burglary tool in years to come.ods.) Torches und thcrmite thermic lance. W II ich bu . cu ttiru. 1><' u r water illto it. _ metal in seconds.111(1 rnagncsi um . or remove enough metal to reach the internal lock mechanisms. tile tempCl·at~re inside tile safe (even with insuluuon) may reach ~ P~111t hot enough to I)U"11 tile contents. a mixture of iron and alumin urn flakes .ttg for intormauon 011 this subject. It uses a 40-foot long flexible steel cable which replaces the rods of the burning bar. once . tile dense quantities of sInol{c produced. Because of the drawbacks of using a thcrmic Iancc. Cutting with an oxy-acetylene torch is quickly becoming_ out-dated as safe manufacturers are graduating to harder. hurglars. The lance is actually a hollow iron pipe packed with . I ~llrgiars w he) USC a thermic lance simply cut themselves a 11CW door ill the Tile thermic lance has become the weapon of choice for most advanced safe burners. 55 Usually.11 and uct as a flux to remove tile molten metal. and is used extensively ill underwater metal-cutting.o make a hand hole large enough t() retrieve tile safe's contents. and (Illite literally turns 11ar<]cI1C(1 steel plate into bubbly. itself is often lIS(!<1 if one IICC()S only I. If placed on a safe. and this ()()SCS a problem for those usmg this tYI)e of IIC«lt. WIlen ignited. is also a very useful tool in the burglar's arsenal. smaller version. suell as drilling or _ the usc of explosives. was prod uced. to protect any money or other Importunt objects Irorn burning. a flew. (which is difficult and must be done with a small torch) it burns at an incredible temperature. Althougf it SCClllS safe burning is an easy way to gain entry. Paper cl~rrcncy Ignl~es at about 5(){)O )4'.1 combination of 11 igll- sarccrackor . high-tech alloys. ill order to create a temperature hot enough to cut tile safe's metal walls.1 hole 11<lS been safe or vault. Recipes for therrnlte LlI1U other Incendlarlcs arc giVCll ill _ Kurt Saxon's Poor MU. for it gives off noxious Iumes when burning.

is favored by modern safecrackers over tile Old Timers' "grease. There arc several books on tile market today which offer the recipe. When blowing a safe with nitroglycerine. such as C-4. but tile power. and safety of plastic explosives. but one of the best is Uncle Fester's Home Workshop Explosives. the safecracker also needs a moldable substance to create a Iu n ncl-Iiko device. reliability. Histortcally. nitroglycerine was simply drained from dynamite sticks. Nitro is simply a mixture of Nitric and Sulfuric acids with a little glycerine thrown ill.Explosives 57 xp OSIVeS • One of the burglar's favorite methods of safe entry is via high explosive." Back in the old days. but when stricter guidelines for dynamite manufacture were introduced. Nitroglycerine is still widely used today. burglars found it necessary to make their own. soap (such as Fels .

If all g()es well. ()I· not enough "grease. blastiru. will no]: permit the nitro to leak through it. The soap is ulsllioncd into.lst.ing cap. or '!'NT to either blow a 110lc ill tile safe.~lll)lJ 1~:¥. which should bosulcly out of the way of the explosion. and TIle Jlitro over on its back. with a funnel shape made around the cellophane.Lr fir-HI. and requires 110 physical movement of the safe.It. all0 tile safecracker observes tile rate at which tile safe is "drinking. and placed lengthwise into tile space between the door an(1 the door frame. I)CC()lnCS is hand-kneaded Naptha) has been used for this function.lJl()s~i'lJes. with pains taken not to jar tile soap funnel. When the cup and funnel is finished. 'l'hc ribhou charge is simply :1 rectangular box of high CXI)I(lsivc pl:1CC(1 on or ncar the target safe (sec Figure 7. Occasionally a safecracker will use too much "grease" and blow the door COI1IJ»)ctcly off.se'le'-cll l)clgs filled with water arc placed 011 the charge. and there must be a continuous. 'l'he gu t-sho]. tile safe door will be blown ()I)CIl. is IIOW I)()urcd illt() tIle CUI>. 'I'his is tile real art of safe blowing . This provides a channel for tile flow of the nitroglycerine once it is introduced into tile CUI). These high explosives C(ln sometimes be purchased from legitilllclte users. or can he mauufuctut'cd lJsillg a formula iIt Home W()rl(. 'I'his must be a tight fit. 'I'his also serves to signiflcun tly rcd uce the noise level of the ex plosion. Also ill tIle salecracker's tool bag should be <1 strip of cellophane.() tho battery hookup. When approximately OllC OUI1CC has been consumed.he way t() tile (>h. ]~DX. so obviously a great amount . so that the nitroglycerine will not dribble down the front of tile safe door. or some serious door• prying.· knowing exactly when to detonate. river of 11itro exists from tile last drop down inside the door. i() 11. and tile modern safe's relocking device (sec Chapter 10) may render litis tech n ique useless. 'rile lise of the gllL-sll{)t is lirnitcd. W11cn the soap for about 15 minutes. 1). though. Tile piece of cellophane is folded 111tO an S'x 1h" strip. tile cellophane is carefully pulled out.cucy thcl(. !>E'rN.. The nitro will find its way into the locking mechanism. a cup. round and square door alike." which requires either another shot of nitro. rcqu ires that the bu r ~I. 'rile l>lclsting Cell) is placed carefully into the CUI>. Tile purpose of the jarn-shot is to blow the door open while still on its hinges. 'r() 11ell) () ifeet tile fe) lice ()f t)'lC ex I) 1<):-. • 'l'he "gut-shot" or "splndlc-shot" is another very popular nitroglycerine method. the "lost common is what is called tile "jam-shot. 'l'h is tYI)C of ex plosive tee IIf) iquc will usu ally penetrate 3-4 welles (}f steel. IInbrokcn chain of liquid ull tile way t. and the wires eire unrolled and extended t." I t is feasible on most sates.()I'." Nitro is a syrupy Iiquid. tl \ C 1\ ti it til c safe In addition to nitroglycerine.l l)y simply turtling tile handle. IIC sets off the detonator. professionall>urglars use castable high explosives such as C-4. or blow tile safe apart. knock ()IT tl \ C co III 1)inatio 11 d ial wi tl\ a 11:1111111cr. it the burglar has determined t. will (lcstroy tile entire "guts" of tile locl{. since the safe must be moveable.o the dcton . caps.58 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Explosives 59 a very malleable substance with it cunsist. all that a continuous Of all nitroglycerine techniques. and all eycdroppcr-an(]-a-llalf of "grease" is allowed to trickle down the shalt of the spindle. and the con tents revealed. 'rIle door can then be OI)CJ1C<. and a prybar. A blasting cap is attached to the spindle. and when detonated.

These are In uch more efflcient since they Il:lVC a prcdetcrm incd direction of force..burglars.. the force of the resulting explosion may be enough to demolish the safe.. Another popular trick among safe blowers. Not only did it blow tile door off. but it destroyed the entire safe. When tile gas is ignited. Bags filled with water Castable high explosive . or near the sa. tile safe is usually obliterated (with the contents more or less intact). but a situation where they may be used effectively is often difficult to contrive. A stopper made of modelling clay is placed over tile 110lc.. a pe~cil-shaped section of C-4 or other moldable high explosive is inserted in to the hole. As you know. propane. I've even heard of one obviously amateur burglar who actually filled a safe with gasoline. but professional safecrackers don't see mechanical Improvements as a real threat. seen more and more Irequcntly these days. it is the time and noise factors that actually catch criminals. u burglar drills a small IIOlc into tile lop of tile safe. water does not compress. Again. a new and Ingenious method of safe blowing is beim. and lit it.. or other 11 i~h Iy combustible gas.. Figure 7-1 A ribbon ell-arge is a rectangular IJOX of Itigh explosi1Je pl(l. shaped charges may be used to blow a safe.hwhile only if the safe's contents could not be burned. .. I"inally. Any safe can be beaten with explosives.fe. is to drill a small hole into tile top of tile safe. and very nearly the safecracker as welL These techniques would obviously IJe wort.60 TECHNIQUESOFSAFECRACKING Explosives 61 of damage is done to tile safe.. Then.. so when you detonate the explosive in this setup.. Several recent tecllnological advances in safe design and manufacture have curtailed the use of explosives by some .c(!(l tm. and a fuse is inserted. and fill it with butane.~ ••••••••••••••• ~. the contents.mw ••• ~~ •••••• ~'l ~ . Under certain circumstances. and fills it completely with water.

with a little more safety and privacy. small money chests. Firo safes. pulled. it may be dropped to the pavement.) nul: if tile satcrmesn't bust (If)Cll. . in hopes that the impact will jar tile door open. :111(1 even wall safes can be pushed. . since most of these can be fully described in a paragraph. If burglars call lind a way to attach it.iH try to make off witl~ somehow. or rolled to the burglar's vehicle. (If this sounds kine) of silly.Miscellomeous MetJwds 63 ISCe aneous et 0 s of • I've decided to lump all the other common methods of safe entry into this one chapter. One of tile most common tricks to defeat small safes is to sim Illy remove it and work on it elsewhere. if a safe is located on an upper floor of a tall building. you should know that Underwriters' Laboratories tests llCW safes for protection against this. tile tllieves v. Also. a winch is sometimes used to remove large floor safes and wall safes.

.~:: Jing{!rprint kit. OllCC the keypad is dusted.~ ' ..fijl...W~:::.:. severn! '1l1tln. ..' ~ ••• ••••• • • "II • 'I •••• • .~j~i~jr~ijjii. .lillst hilr(JeIH!(J steeJ plates..~1~~~t~~.l:1J (IV ~i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~.~.· . + +.. •••• . ~ ••• ~ ••• -' •••••••• .l.~f@t~m~~J~@Jtm~~~~t~~{f Si...jJlH.\i!l~fl~l~~l~tlli~ltl\~l~~\~~i~~m~m~lm~m~l~\j~il..' . : : II ~ ••••• .. by observing tile latent fingerprints. '~+ ••• •• .. com}lJisllcd on all new safes..~m~tmmtt~..!jlii~ll:!!~l~lijj.~~j!. " O}J(!It 1'0 such..il))(~ X-. -...~. '. lie is .·'·.\\~~\~~~~~~~\~~~fjlt~i~lj~l~i~~~~~l~~)j~~~It~l~i~1~lli~~~~~~~\!~~. . ~+ • A_ reJ~tively n~w metllod of safe opening is by using with ()igit«ll keypad» (sec Figure 8-1).~.() (Jj. r ou« II. II(! 'lelS ()JIJ.~~.. 1 ••• 'I ....i:. hut tile use of th is IIigh-sJlC(!(1 ill>r. T ..~~... ...:~!~:::::. • I .:.. . . . A v ar icl t i(11 on this trick is t(J ) use a detective's ~~. :i ij~!I~ ~~ijlj~~i~l~~i~i~~1~ij~~~jl~ji~~j~~~~~~i~~j~1j1j~)~~~~~~ij!ljl...:...~ _.'.••••••• ~.~:~~m~. are g.s Hull/t.~~@~~~~~~i.::::~!:::~..~~~.·... ::~:::~:~:~1:~:~.~ • ~. handrails. !-}fIii...'..~:.:.~tit~~r~~m~~tmm~~~t!l~..f.1~!. Therefore.tJe11J.~.. • .~i~~~j~jlll~1. Some safccracl{crs also attempt to "grind" all opening l>y using a gasoline powered concreto saw (see Figure B2)..~ .scella.~ .ll-f.::~:~:::~:~:i:~:~:~:~~:~:~:::::::: ·::~::§:~:~:~:i:f.':. •• __. .~~~~~~.' •••• _ ••••••• •• ~•••• ~...i~~~~~@~~~~H~jr::·· .. 'I • ••••• ~ ... •• _ -.:. t·~·~· . + . tl'IIC handle is then turned to allow tile Scire to open.11'ill.~ ~••• • • ~.••••••• ..~~~~~~~ )1~t~~~~~~li~~~~~l~~~~~~~~~~l~~~l~~~*~~~~~~~~~~1~j~~~~ ink will illVcll'icll)ly stlck to them. I • _ "..~~~~~g~~~~~~~.. a burglar will often apply :l\~f\. ~ •• .. . layer.!li~~j~l~i~ll. 'L~.• + ••• '~'...ti()1I by watcllillg the wheels line Ul) under urc ICI1CC... jf the burglar knows the Ilr()per buttons to press..•• .'11'1 ~ b u facturers will simply Install a sheet of lead j. ~'. ••••••••.~.~» . ()JlC has unly to press several numbers C()11Sccutivcly instead of dialing €l comblnution.()flS.. " .:. (I••"'{Ifl.~ ••••••• . ••• ~..••••••• ~. .'live w heel would I)r()I)cll )i.·..~~~~~.. :..~~.:..Y of the w()rJ<jll~ I)ilrts..lfc ()PCIl{!f must touch (Joor knobs.ons arc pressed..I~ij~lfij~i!l~~~~\li~~~i~~j~i~il~~~~lj~j~~i~jjiijllj~flr J.&...!~l~.~ .st!t:ltii.. .j'(({es use • 'file crook with vartous '1IIl/h.. (l·i. . ••• ·1·.~.. r ..~~~~@~~..l... ••• ..~ !~~~~~l~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~l~~~ ')lItt... ....+ .y I)(.. "' •• ' •••• t r. t ~ ~ •••• ~ •• ~ • I • • • t ' ~ ~• r ~ • • • • • • • • • '" + ••• iil. When 11C then IJrcsscs the :1i~~)tti~~fli~~~l@~j~~\f~~~ ~i~~\1~1\~~1~)~~!~~!i~j@l~~j~~~~1llj~~~ i~..~~~~l)~l~~~jljll~~l~~Hl~~~~i~~j~~j@~~ll~ilf invisible Ultra. I :-.::...l~i~l1~~i!!Ij~l~!il~~l~.. .. ' •••• . I .neou.1:~7~:. .Violet ink to something that the lcgitlmatc :~r~mtjj~jjj~f~t.: ''1•• ~•• ~ •••••• ~ • ~ • . • .!. 'il~lJ.~~1j~f~j~~~jl~1~jljfiji!ti j~jj~~~~~~1tj i~ij. it should be easy to tell which butt.~ .ll the (!()J1Il..4. Metlwds 65 r~dJ~logJcal equIpment.•••• ~ • ~~.~: ~:~:~:l:~::i~:~::::·: ..a. 1'Jle operat()r l)ositiollS the (Jevice III such cl W.lii~j. .() see :1 "(~..~~i~. Figure 8-1 l.··~... • • .~~~r the J<CYIJel(1 to discover which 1)utt()11S were ~~~~:«~~x ..~. III S(lre with it (Jj~it:ll keypad.. .lS far as I 1<110W. he can enter the safe just as easily as tile owner..~.o pres» (l'rO .• • • • -'.:~~.~~~~~. ..lY tllclf.~ '... ut jf it cvcr·l)cgills to gaill J)()f>ularity s~fc 111.' + ••••• • ..64 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Mi..!~~)llf~j~l!!.j.li.~!. · ...••.li'ling I)()J)uhlrity these (Jays.. . • •• ~ •• ~ .. " . The burglar then 'las only to place all Ultra-Violet J~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~l~~~~~~~~&~~~~l~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~*~~~~~~~~~~i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ll~~~~~~~~~~~i~~ lamp :~~l~{. some resi(lt. Instead of ()Il (liftls.:::::. etc. • ~.. • •• r+ . + ..C01l./Jer"c.ll>le f.'I 1HJ1J'1ll(.-.~ totally ill(!ffeetivc «lg..~~~.[f ' •• ~ •••••• • • • ~ • .til> I)()S(~ til is may work with e h(~tll)Cr f rc safes.~jl~~j~.~jj~l:~i~i~li.k.) prior to his opcnlnu the safe. + .~lmm~mm~1!)1~).lt~lj.~.l'frollt of the lockillg mccJlanism to prcvcnr tllis f'ro m being ac .~~1~.(I. .tJi#tl--kt~'IJJ(I.y I.... e.. or when ()I1C needs to rCII}()V{! all ()\_IL(~. •• ~ .~: ~!.• ..~~~g~tm~. • • • .. 'l'Jlis method has not yet been exploltcd I)y l)urglars .~.f " 1 I· ~ ~ + 1 .' •••• . discover these numbers..~. ••• ~ ~ ~~ ••• R ~ •••••• ~ •••••• .. pressed.~...

a uasoiine powered concrete saw to "grind" an opmting. By using a crowbar." a miniaturized inner safe.W() keys cause a bolt t() retract. steel wedges. Tl 1is. or safe deposit boxes. but acid is still highly effective if given enough time.n its hinges. Once inside the safe or vault. a safe . one for tile guard key. but the safe deposit box requires a different approach. so 1110st advanced . 'l'he typical modern safe deposit box (see Figure 9-2) consists of two keyways. however. I SUSI>cct.66 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECltACI{ING Safe Deposit Boxes 67 to curb tl~is attack. slow. rrhe small internal safe is defeated with the same techniques given throughout this book. that tile use of acids as a safe attack will remain relatively rare. allowing tile box to open o. is loud. though. sledgehammer. The most common method used by amateur thieves to perform an opening is sheer physical force.deposit box will eventually yield. and the other for tile customer's key. 'I'hc insertion and turning of the (. aJ1U not guaranteed. So two different keys are requircd to OpCJl each box. for they usually do more damage to tile inexperienced safecracker than they do to the safe. and other tools. the safecracker may encounter either a "keister. e oxes Figure 8·2 Same safecrackers Use.

. quiet. • .f/ll. :. . .. 14'igurc 9-2 . .~ _ ... •• ' • -. otl6 Jar . Tho American Pad Mini. I'I~: •• . • .._ th« . A screwdriver can then be inserted in tile holes to turn tIle cam . .... ~ . '.. ~~- • < 'fi!...(l. . ..' • 'I I ·411"'.. r .. Figure 9-1 Mosler Safe Co. ~ . .1"clk(~/J.I :. ".. . . burglars prefer to usc a 11()SC puller (sec Figure 0-3)...... conutins safe deposi: boxes.. _I. 'I'his is fast. ~~I " . . .. t I .'.I 'I . . I 77/£ t1l1)icttl sufe deposi. I.- • I. -~" :" .Vault/rom Ute Figure 9-3 To open a safe deposit box. • .. " . box luis tux: /c(:ry1V(t1IS. and effective .:'-1 • _:. . .. • I .. I . . .: .~-.o actually pullout the cores of both lock mechanisms. most advanced burglars use a nose puller.I . tuui the other for th(~customer 's key. A nose puller llSCS a threaded muchino screw t. I.68 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Safe Deposit Boxes 69 and release the bolt. .' ~:~ .: ..'.

.J ~.l) in...(Jitlt the Itinye mellunl is to break n. portion....__.. sufe deposi: lICJ....---~-----~ii::::rr~ _ I r: out of slot Door .._. +.. A few lIard raps Wit h · door hinge out u hummer will cause the door to SI1(11) ill (sec Figure 9.... (L sh(t'''1) ~ inch...::.. (t lutmmer uiiucuuso the door to sn(1... --... even if this happens.. Door-retaining slot . of ttu: • Iti1lge with.J: ".)lutrd..._..) .. This trick is very quick and easy..(inJ.. m It'igllrl~ !)-4 77/(!first itt 01)(fttill!J (I. unsh. Templates are avaiJable of opening . stect cltisal. 'if tIa~f~-his(!t on. . Broken hinge Chisel ~ o ~ Hinge ~...~-. The first step in opening safe deposit boxes with tile hinge method is Therefore a wedge shaped chisel is used to spread the ... r(l'1J~~ tIle tJ'lztt=cmri. • we» I~igllre !)-l) A .. ~~1CI There is also the hinge method ()C attack.. Notice ill the illustration that the box is designed to retain the door.. ofthe retaining slot. but can be used only 'on boxes with exposed hinges./ Door . smiths is dril~ rrllC roost com In()ll method used by lockwith templates.l sharp lh" steel chisel.70 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Sq{e Deposit Boxes 71 to break a portion of tile Ilillgc (see )4'igllrc f)-4·) with .Keyways .. 5).

Figure 9.-: ..: ~·.." +1 .+::~....: ... many lock and safe manuracturers 11ave started using spy-proof (Ilals (sec l"igu rc 10-1). or submerging them in steel-reinforced concrete. I I : .. . tachcd to the safe itself.__". and ()IIC 1(1l()wS inuncdiately where one must drill to open it....'/... .'.. + • .. p. Ilf'III1Ji(l. 'l'his isn't difficult to do with practice.. • •:.:-: •• • :. ......' .ttl. ~ •• • ••• •• II "r ..... • r_: • •: • 'I'" : • • : ~ I-: .:. ...". A Ifn"'1)lf'.- II: :. He could then raise tile individual tumblers to their necessary height»...:-- ... It detects the presence of tile electrostatic charge inherent in CVCI·Y 11uman body.. .••• :rlll.._ .· + ..' ••::' 1 : ....... " • . and is sometimes sensitive .... •... .. . .••• : ./dl 1I}hL~"(! /u] 1Jl.I . .U:t!(l (t.: •• I_ 11 • _ ..._ _ _ ---....... :zI:: ...: . The locksmith usually attacks the hinge screws so that the door may be removed completely.III· .. . .i...-.. ': -.... . disguising a safe as an end-table.:.. ' • -09/ 16"....... _.' • • : ••• • _ ..-r . 'l'his is accomplished by hiding wall safes behind paintings (as seen hundreds of times in the movies). Below is all example of a fairly common template.'=--. so that the gate will pass. . ... .... it's as good as new......._.'~4~::·~~.... ._.::...- •• '- ....U. eterrence an Prevention ~ II.. " r . 0..111t tile loc/('slItil. .-..··.. One of tJ1C most 1)()I)U tar safe alarms is the proximity sensor.. (I.. Also to prevent anyone from obtaining the combination by long(listUIICC surveillance.....!ltI... I • t'. ..' .. to .•••••• ':' : :. Note' also that the template has a drilling location for a sight hole. .. ' .:f.t... and docs not harm tile safe deposit box at all."' ~.... II H)' n 9 e sc rews r _ ... .lI .. - ./f!S. "I' • ~~ ~. ....:..t. . _ :.p . ... p . smiths most commonlu 01)(!" Slife deposit boxes IJ1} (irill'ill!J untl.·_'I· • . _ • .-. •• : : . which would allow the locksmith to actually see the tumblers.... I :.." . c. "r.' . _ . . ill TIle second line of dcfcllSC is to equip safes and '..P ..·.. • . It is placed against the IJ()X itself..."It. • .. ... t:. 6 IACk . .. ..-.I.:· " .. :. it call not he tampered with. .... I .•• I.. •• ~ I ... " : .. :. - I.. ..1: •• . making tile safe one giant sensor.-.. l... r : •• . II. ~.(Jll/"'ltou. l_' . + I 15/32" ~.. .....~. "I' .t~-i. I I :IL:. '. p ••. allowing the bolt to retract..72 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Deterrence and Prevention 73 for just about every model of safe deposit box currently used.. . In fact. 'i'ut..: It.. OllCC the hole is IJluggc(i..- - The first line of defense for safe owners is to deny the safecracker access to tile safe itself.... so that even if tile safe is discovered......St drill to open..(!(li(L/.. t:/.•••• .:' ~•... I·I _'I 1: ...h. . . 4 I • ·~.'.I . . hiding floor-mounted safes under rugs or flooring..'i'''~t the btu: it....32" ~271 I -0-.. I t is at..I ..... • 1'1111 ". : : . 'I...t..taults with alarm mechanisms.+ I It_+".. + .. '1.

~-f'<.~ ~~:... ~ . -. Deterrence and PreocYfltion 75 . '.... ".~ "I I. . • -~ .. I ... --(. _:or_ '·_~II~· I .~.....' rI ..... ~-··i'~·'·:t l. .•"!-." ~: •. .. :~ .. ':"1': :.. .~~. .. . ......y r~:-{/~~:~·~··~ ... *.. " . ..r~ . • I~ • :=0 '::1- · ..l'-l/ IJ11 101l.. " .' .. . I "I r 11'1 Ir _I 'I 'I . ·y~t.... ... • e.~.. I '. _. .._:-} .... tl~ ':)".. 1 To prevent.. ".' . . I.:~'" ~1. I ~ r ..:.../.. Of' • .. ~ • r:11 : -. _ I..~}.. -.. I ..~ ~ ''''. ._ .." . I .. ~ ._:.. ~- ~~~~ I:' .. : : - - .....). .. • -r~. • ..::/? ~-... • ·'1 I ".-. but wilillot open (ill tlle()ry) \Intil t}l(~ prcscribc(l time lIas elapsed.'~P~'·"":I . • I. ilVilil.. Safcer. o1Jta. ~... 1 r I . l..- ..~ .~..f. ... '~-' ~~ • -::..~}' I...:... .""'1(Fi11tl.: ....t.. ~ :'." . .:.'::t/ .-' }.. ' •• • r I ".. I . I' .. .'.~. • . . '.. ...~ •• 1 I" •• I' • • i l • I ~.J •• .....I.. I ~.1- .fl Sl·'ll-1)roq( (liel.~ . I.:- : '-. " . .11(1 vaults may also e()Jltilill it Illagllet..I .."..... I 'I'" " 'P . ~ ~~ .'...'.. ••__ .' ~..... ~ iJ· I' I. .~ .'. I._..• . I . :...:~-:~:...f11)(lJle. -...... .... • -#' I '1 I .' I •• I r_."::: ~ ._ . >"..•: _.." •• I I.. • - I~ ~...~ : .....~A I". .... _ • .':. "·1 I · ~ ' .. . . ~. -.·. . '..' "II~ .. ._'. 1·..:( 1 I •• r..-. • ... .-:-.. ~.~?' .' • . '1'.1.ire lJSllally :It...'.. ..... • _: .. . . . ..:. " III • • ... rl I.. I ..If' .. (tt.~ ~ • I ~~. . . ...}~. • .. _' -. r' ~...~.' I .: ..o c{rnI. ~. . I I . I· I• _ -.lc l)()()l< • fr()lll tll(! I)lll)iisller ()f litis ' ':0.::.1.. .. . ~. I ....~-:...11 int.. :: • :':': . ..~::.~/~.. .1J011e . ( ...-...'.. . ( _'.:: ~ . I . . ." ..ill!1 tll. •. . I..:... .. :::.. . (1(~1... ~!II \.(~ct.. • _..:. -:". .. • • '._....: ..'.. :I.... 'i"O . ."C(~ (l... '·1 r • • • " .it four t.. . ()It~t '...."....rurlcr .'"... r. ~ ..I..I .:'I"~' ' • I I '.I· . ~..~~~.. •• I' I ~II".II 1- ' -( . . h()lJrs.: .::=~ II -...n... .... . • • : •.-._II" Ir"r' ...."1.... " II ._:: '....(ltion SU.. 1. .. ..-._ .. : ..' .iJ · :... ....I. .~.. III.. _ ... . . ~. • I " ~ I I' . _ ~. -. . . II! I - .'1_ . . ... - I I. ...':~~/.~.(L'lJf!sltL1·1(~(1 vaulls rely 011 a '!'inlc-Lock 1l1cchanisln t() I)r()tcct tile C()ntcllts (illrillg 11()ll-iJusillCSS . .• _ .. .. I ~ •• ..1 ~. . . ~ ~ ... -:. ~ ':. ~..:.. . I ~ ~ ". : ...~ I "I • ':~...'·~r:' I ••• I _"... ~I ~-:I ~ '( = '1+ :t • . • I ••. :~. :~....~~ .-. ..~:...~ .:.1 ~ ... +.. I I . Wilen the tirllC-h)cl< is set. . .. .. I •..._I I • • I I ~ ."£... _.:.../' ..j ._..".II'~ ...~-.ll. ._ I • ':1. " . ........it ~ •.lC I«~rs "l:lVC "(...~ . I " .." . .-:1. I .......:t".. ..'.. i.. I' ~ ..11 I I I· .: .l'll:rar~ T'.'~ i. ..:( .' · ~.1 I ..1.: .ls.."~ --..r(~ J O-J (I. .. insi(le ()f th(~ (i()().' .' ••• . ~.". ~.'... ·.~.. -. ~ .. 'l'o learn how burglars ()vere() IIIe th ese (I evices.Il II'" +.:~..~'.•: ~... . ~.ic switch on the (")('1".... 'r"..~~... ~I ~ ~ Ir '.. ..nin a. II • I ~ I" I' I ••... I -:...s~\'iffllJ.. ~ .~ .~~~ · .-.' ~: .: _' ..~ .: . ~ · ..:. ..~:. .~·..... • ~.. ... ..' _I = '. .' .'~ .tlso JI":!1l1... .. ~'" ~I .1. (~tet! .I' .::-. ·1 .. .lIC(~. :.... I.: } ....1 ..~.. . • ..~ .·I"~I:-:-II·t"-:1 " •• ~ . J I: .....sill..... .. .......~ -:...:. ~ ('Il()(lgh f :..... - ."1._rh . ...I~ I 1 1'1' '.(l:II:I{fiu. I' I I ..oJ'... _: I. - ~ .: + • : I·.........'. ~:..~' .~~:: . . -. ' '.! i I f . . ...~. '. I: -" I~::~:..I()(~I<s.1..rf/I(/.. ....... -"I'... (~alll)c ()vcrri(i(lcJl by LiJ(! t)()II1C sllfes all(} lll()st ..:.It' _ .r • .:.' .~\: ~....~ . . - 1_·' . .. .'1":: 'I'~ _'J I r. ~ ~..~ _ I 1_ : I' •...wit iell .. . r.· Al(l/rin~ lJ:IJ-l)(...... . :'..t~lclle(l t()..' .• ~... rell() 1'ecll:rl'i(11(.. '1 .:/: . .: ~ ..-:...'...- ' •• I . . -" I: .. .~:~I'·' ~~-... :..._ Y .' '.o alert somcouc when tile door is opened.~:..... .'.sltl...: .1 n () tH-at----t. ..l· t() • I. I" . 1 I" 1. -.~ ~ . l I I-~ . • .ill._.. _ .."...I-· I I... ~ ".":-111Ii"" I I •• .~~. .: I 1.from... iJ . .. '" ..'.. . rl -.~.''1 I" I I '··:"I.' • ~.. I ~.. .r r#'" I 1~1.:r . I • .' '1 '. ~ .1 ...': '.:...:::~·i . .. 'Il....x~·~ . ~I'..~ _oj.i Ille...: .:-' . ~ •• ' ': •- .1. • I~. ..' II ....' . ~. . I.'...' -.. .' . ..-1·" "". tile scife can l)c att._ .~ I . I ~I 1..~-: { • :..){G -.:·~~:~.-/1' ~I)-~~ .74 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING· .~ I. I • • .- ...'''' . ~ I" ..... I I I -~ I..: ...'.. ) S({{t! '111..~:....' ~. _ I ••I • 't '~. I I • I.~t .- • ~----------~~~~~~------~-----r~--------------~ . .. . . • . t_. - ill I. • ~ ..lcl<cd witll tile mctil()ds I)r'cviously (]cscril)co.:..1 . I . ... :~:-/' .....·· 1r• . or Liley may C()11 t..<:.I" ~: -'11 . . :~·I·~: ~. .. I : "'.. • 1£ ·~ ~ .~: : ~:I·~'. Passive IIIIru-Red sensor that detects motion once the sale door is open..' r"~ _ I' •• ....• . ..I: . '1· I~:~~~. +1 ~':...1..!·I .... I~' .· " " .IJin.1 ..".. · ~...1.' I :.~.... r .: :.' .1 I~ r I .I .·.. •• ..... --..: •• ~I ~_ '. Safes (1.. I .:.:·~: · ~I... p-J _'... :.... ~ ~~ •• I • .' .. :~ . .' .11~.(~S (?f IJ'II.. -.( ::.~~.... II ~.~...1 ." Figure 10. " :. :..~ I I ~ I·' '.. ·'i~: ·~~ . I. __ . 'III r' ..-:--..() five Icct.. . _.. .~ ~ .·~·:~~:~ .•...~I~~~~ :~··~~ .. .. I I' I.. '1_ r I • . 1 • ..:~.:'. .

UL also tests for this on many of the new vaults. precision components of the timing mechanism. As .. have chemicals embedded ill the barrier material which emit a nasty smoke when burned.{.1iftl. Figure 10-2 Ma. for the safecracker who uses a thermic lance is."'1 stift~ 1t1. Therefore. Actual notch False notches . which risk an expert attack by a thermic lance. notches into the wheels. and many of the timelocks fail during this test.JII. I don't think tlus method of . As you remember from Chapter 3. If the spindle is punched.tja.. prevention is extremely effective. safes which risk thermic lance attack almost always contain a sheet of copper or other good heat conductor at vulnerable cutting points. Those munipulatlon .(! 'IJ. must conform to federal guidelines. In addition to the false notches. and no tear-gas appears..lrCrS CIJt false Speaking of fumes. This smoke. and cannot be in any way toxic.. rro slow this process.. already in an asbestos helmet.1'. 'I'hese repeated blows arc often enough to off-balance the tiny. resistant wheels do slow the process down considerably.. irritating vapor. and it is next to impossible to manipulate these without electronic amplification.. he may be in for quite a surprise. new safes have a very quiet wheel-pack. If a burglar attempts to knock the combination dial off. or by attacking the doors and sides with a 20 pound sledgehammer.. this smoke is simply a minor nuisance.o Tltis slotos doum safecracker» (1]Jeni1l!Jslifes 1J1J manipulation. This would certainly deter only the amateur safecracker . he could safely remove the mask. and punch the spindle. Also.. c. notches into IJ.. Thls copper sheet spreads the thermic lance's heat so quickly that tile barrier material beneath it receives only a fraction of the actual heat output. however. for the safecracker who plans to punch a safe can simply wear a gas mask to avoid any potential fumes. If the spindle is punched into this glass vial. tile tube will break and release a large quantity of strong. but a safecracker wlth time and perseverance can still perform an opening.. some high-security safes.ct1t1·(n-S (:'ll. coany safe Inallllfactl.76 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Deterrence and Prevention 77 tilting or dropping the safe.eo/. ..U. manipulation is made possible because one can detect the changes that occur when the notch of a wheel comes under tile fence. Several safes 110W contain (und many people are requesting locksmiths to install) a glass vial of tear-gas just behind tile spindle. more than likely. so that one does not know if one has detected a real notch or a fake one (sec Figure 102).

It may very well be. For around $50. 11111.(~ r(!I()(:/(ar f!'IIJJ(l. Also.. but there arc gangs of expert safecrackers that roam the country. it has a tendency to I"()II off. rrllC rcioc)< Illccilan iSltl serves to keel) tIle bolt from being retracted should one try t()I}UI1CIl. keep« the /Jull . Wheel pack punched out of position Relocking trigger activated by punching attempt Spring-loaded relock pin engaged in bolt .I"t~I. WIICJl :1 drill bit hits a ball bearing. you S110l11d consider having a profcssional loc ksmith U l)gra<ic it a little.•[rom. . and they actually prefer small town Mom and Pop stores. locks .ve combinatiou. 'I'he location of the re)()cker varies from safe to safe.any safe or vault to be labeled "absolutely . lengthen the bolt. Most manufacturers of safe combination locks have implemented some sort of relocking device in tile locking aIJpara~us. rather than penetrate it.. If you live in ... this is more of ::1 d~lay than a protection device. As-wc'vc secn. ".ire f~lr too mallY Ileillts (}C-v-ulncrabillty for .. This spring-loaded lever carl be pushed away Irom tile locking bolt with ease. As this will greatly increase the chances of outlasting an amutcu r attack..Drilling attempts are now occasionally frustrated by 1). tJlel~e . such as torches or chisels. • .1.!JfJS.&J. Figure 10-3 som« SOTt of '1"(!luc/('i'IIJJ denico . and generally modernize tile safe a bit. which some manufacturers embed in tile safe-wall material..JItUII~ 11~!J10 f/('I iusid« III(~s ({f. tri!I!J(~" '11. . but bur'glnrs often find it necessary to Incorporate other devices. I)(~ tl'iJ)J)(~fl b(:I.-.'1/. tIl is is m()IICY well spcn t. 'J7u! rclocker luts (I. !t~()Sl ~(~~ IUI. . 'rile relocker lias u trigger wh ich m ust be tripped before the rclocker engages (see Figure 10-3). or physically attack tile safe in any way. 79 in most other attempts at deterrence.78 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Deterrence and Prevention. so templates are indisI)Cnsable for dctcrnlining tiles!_! exact locations . he can make SOIDe alterations to tile locking mechanism.Jtu:ll. and move it front its holding position.11 'f~1I.111 bearings. .. beins] retractud.1C spindle. ~.. don't make the mistake of Lhinking that. detonate explosives. theft insurance is a very worthwhile Investment for businesses that handle tl lot of cash. into their plan of attack as well.. If you have a safe that is of inferior quality. slumu! (1. for tile copper can only withstand 7000° I" Ior so long. About tile only way to defeat :'1 relocking device is to drill to it.//. the only real problem is getting to it.1 srnall town.~. a weak safe is str()ng enough to protect against any attack from tile amateur locals. A steady drilling rig alleviates this problem somewhat. . or was manufactured before 1940.

With safes.JtVr until tile wheel-pack stops. As tile saying goes. and '. stopping at 10... or Ge not bother to change them. as history shows us. then LEFT 1'I-IREE turns.80 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING AppendixA 81 secure. one must turn the dial urcrrr rouu turns.e factory. lt. Many people do rlot know this. such as I~4I~3R2L. what is difficult to defeat -~oday will eventually become child's play for the professional safecracker. The combinations listed here were set by the manufacturers at ti..\-'ereintended to be changed by the new owners. it just takes a little longer. then RtGll'l' 'IWO turns. then l. stopping at 2(). so these combinations will open a surprising number of safes in operation today. anything man can create. ell :'3(). 'l'he combinations listed here are preceded by a coded dialing guide. his means that if a comT bination is given as 10-20-30. he can destroy. stopping ." And.

70-45 70-30-55 6-38-14 4-38-14 4-40-16 4-42-18 4-44-20 4-46 .J5ll4· I. -1 2 35-71-39-7 40-20-60-88 20-40-GO-80 1.f2Il 15-30-45-65 IAR3L21~1 36-39-43-87 20-40-{iO-80 Chicago Safe Co.82 TECHNIQUES OF SAFECRACKING Appendix A 83 American Safe Co. where it begins at 0) . (each digit increases by two until 48. L31~2I.-1. 1..70 50-30-70-60 C().1H-14 ()-!J8-14 ()-40-16 2-4 ()-l (j 2-4·2· 1H 0-42-18 2 ..7 .31l2 I. I14L31~2Ll 7-8 ..2 2-:J(i-12 Dieb()ld Safe 0-3(j-12 2-:.2ll1 L 9-4-3-2 40-20-(iO-30 25-60-45-5 5-25-45-60 20-40-(j{)-30 40-30-60~20 R5IAR3L2 40-70-60-30 30-60-40-70 40-50-60-70 40-30-60-70 40-50-6. 0-30 2 30-20-10 40-10-50 {)1-39-7()-5~) Cary Safe Co.4R3l. 2 2 8-40-16 6-40-16 6-42-18 6-44-20 6-46-22 6-48-24 10-42-18 8-42-18 8-44-20 8-46·22 8-48-24 8-0-26 40-20-60 11-22-44 l-T-37-62 18-36-72 6r--21--47 45-35-70 22-44--88 90-70-35 etc. IAR3L2R 40-60-35 50-86-32 56-13-36 10-60-35 lAR3L2R 50-15-80 25-15-30 45-52-50 50-40-50 I~5l. Mosler Safe Co.. Mcilillk Safe Co.~j ....J 64-95-(jO-5 R4L3R2L 30-20-10 10.JIR 2-34-1 () 0-34-1 0 4 -:1(./11.44·-2() IAR3L2R 45-70-35 60-20-40 35.

where it begins at 0) C. Kansas City.50-0 40-70-35 35-75-45 65-35-45 Victor Safe Co.84 TECHNIQUESOFSAFECRACKING Appendix B 85 Schwab Safe Co. II" 60176 GClleral locksmith St1l!J)ty. IAR3L2R 15-75-0 75-.. S()II1(~ safe tools . Sell iller Park. MO 64141 Sells various safe-opening pull~-r tools and books.97 10-22-92-2 15-27-97-7 1-13-89-93 6-18-88-98 11-23-93-3 16-28-98-8 2-14~84-94 7 -19-89-99 12-24-94-4 17-29-99-9 3-15-85-95 4-16-86-96 8-20-~)()-O 9-21-91-1 1:j-25-~)[)-Ci 14-26-9(i-(i 18-30-0-10 10-31-1-11 etc. IL 60634 Thermic Lance manufacturer Foley-Belsaw (i30 1~ Equitable I~()ad.17-87 . Addison Chicago. Inc.O. also nose HPC.ndanufacturing 7748 W.L.. until 99. R4L3L2R 0-12-82-92 5. (each number increases by 5.

Band E: A to Z. Safe and V(l. 5085 Danville Road Nicholasville. tkemann. FL 33712 Man ufacturer of special safe-opening borcscope system Safeman Supply 1104 NE 126tl.ultManual. Detroit: M. N. Ib 6eee5 General locksmith supplier French. Self. JafCo. San Diego. Inc. J{Cllt()ll. Artytime. Algonquin Road Unit E Arlington H-cigllts. 1640 eeIltral :A:venue St.. Peter. I{Y40356 Sells safe-opening videocassettes and training packages MDS.. Inc. CO: CEI). Scott. 2228 Kenry Way So. Avenue Vancouver. . 1948.1'h(~ C()'tn'TJlete Sl(Jr:1J --of l)(l:fe lJe]Josit Locks. I3ill.Miltcu. . Englewood Cliffs. W. Inc. Boulder.86 TECIINNIQUES OF SAFECltACKING Selected B'lIJl'iogr(L}JILY 87 Lockmasters. Wright. The Locksmith Store 1229 E.H.. How to Get in Anywhere. CA 94080 Safe drilling ffits and drllling rigs -. San Francisco. PO Box 9795 l.J: e I>rentice-I-Iall.J.I>ul)l. WA 08684 e ecte Biblio Sells drilling templates for most safes San Diego Safe Co. CA 921 09 More drilling templates IIIC. Petersburg. Crime as Wor/c. Videocassette. Strong ArmSecurity. 1973.

. UI1Clc._. .95 • Loompanlcs Unlimited PO Box 1197 Port Townsend... Safecracking. how to mount practice locks... Saxon.. illustrated guide to building and busting codes...95... Kllrt ......._.~ . '990... 1990....biiIa: ... ~.. A must book for anyone concerned with security.. and much more.. You'llloorn how they work and how thoy can be defeated. I)arl< I~idgc..011 oover: $14. 5H x 8U. I~l Dorado. 1981. 5H x 8U...A)cl(~s·rlt1:tll. step-by-step Instructions are given for picking all the commonly found lock types... Photoelectrtc alarms. . Illulltrllttld........ Learn hO\¥ canputors are used 10 make and break codes...'ll 's JlL1YleS 11()'II. Leam how to construct simple and complex codes. __ ..(IJ J.. ishing o socurity systems are described In Illustrated detail: Magnetic Switches: WindON foil.. soft . BYP(LSSin. HO'llle send... Closed circuit TV... McOmic. IL: Locksmith Publishing C().. WA 98368 •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• SAF8 Please send me the books I have checked above.. Sound and heat detectors..-... practical. Port Townsend. ompanics o Unlimited.. IllllilMlMliIIII~ ... Wor/(....... 1987... o 10052 CODE MAKING AND CODE BREAKING. This book shows how.... A practical manual designed for the police officer In charge of a burglary Investigation and civilians Interested In reducing their wlnerability to tholt... Wayne B..~ ~ . _ which includes $t1.Tlte P()(Jr Ma.. Fencing Operations: Gathering Evidence.. 1972.. Central Station Systems. Washington residents include 7. by Jilek LugtJr.. COVIlr... I I : 'rile Nation ell Pu 1)1 .~~____. 5H x 8U. 149 pp. Any aJarm system can be beaten..... This book tolls you everything you need 10 know to investigate and provont burglaries..... Volumes 1-10... This Is the single finest treatise on Jock picking sver printed CN8f five years of research went into its preparation. by Butt Rspp.. Please include $1. 52050 TECHNIQUES OF BURGLAR ALARM BYPASSING.... $14.. Includes: Illustrated Brooking and Entering Technlquos: Getaway.. ~~ .88 TECIINIQUES OF SAFECRACKING YOU o T TO R:E • • 52032 THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO LOCK PICKING. 1989. 01)(!'fl. I have enclosed $~ _.. Tecll.-------..... by IIddltl I!HI WI".95.. ' }4"estcr.. pmlu .. 1975. Safeman ~ Guide... Also covered are various other ways of bypassing locks. Dozens 01 Technique q( Safe (1/I'lCl Vault Munipulalion: Cornville. 52047 THE B & E BOOK: Burglary Technlque8 and Invostlgatlon. Port 'l'()Wll- $16... more tor each additional $25 ordered . .. .. Dave.... WA: Loompanics Unlilllitcll. All: Desert Publications..... We live In an Infonnation age: informatioo Is bought...... Detailed..95 for shippTng and tlancJling of the first $25 ordered.-... by Wllynll Btl o Yeager...... $12. WA: l. /y Illustrlllrld..90/0 sales tax._ -----------_. Ideal for those interested in professiooal and persooal privacy... -----_..011 COIlIlr..s/I...95.. And much more.. 5H x 8H... .. 80ft COWlr....g. Address r........ Illustrated. ..... Nama ~ . Grit1:(J~1 to .. 80 pp.----...nil]'lleS of Burqlar Alarm. • <)(l.. __ ~...... 19!JO. A Guido to the Best Tools and Equipment.. Learn why the most unbreakable code Isn't always the best. sold and stolen like any dher good. ~ • ..C(). l!)90....d. 125pp....... 104pp. 'I ~F T~.... Iflushltld. ._...... 1970-1 U89...... Illustrsted. Businesses and Individuals are learning to keep Ih~r secrets safe with this Yeager....f(! • t11!J.... . Nutio11..... _ ....()l) I!J":C'l)l()sirlJ(~S.. .. Stream wood. ... AZ: Desert Publlcauons.

That means every safe is vulnerable it's only a matter of time and determination. for all of us fortunate enough to have something worth keeping safe. it shows how to drill. because locksmiths must be able to rescue yourgoods if the lock breaks. ISBN 1-55950-052-2 90000 .seen a $200 fire-safe Iwlding thousands of dollars in cash. Techniques of Sajecracking reveals every known method for breaking into safes. vaults and safety deposit boxes. for the store owner or security professional. No safe is completely secure. or an 1890 ~ safe expected I could not count the number of timee I've to withstand 1990 ~ attacks. In illustrated detail. And it shows how high-tech hoods use torches and explosives to get at your goods. For the policeman or private investigator. It begins with simple ways to guess combinations · or steal them. So begins this amazing manual exploring the weaknesses in the ways we protect our valuables. Techniques of Safecracking is eye-opening reading. punch and peel a safe.

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