AISC-ASD89 | Bending | Strength Of Materials

AISC-ASD89-1

Title
Design of Compression Member

Description
Check the adequacy of a W10 × 45 section by Allowable Stress Design. A36 steel is used
and service loads are 50 kips dead load and 110 kips live load.

Compression Member

1

Section. 000 = 126 36 Since the controlling KL / r of 89. in *.6 is less than Cc . Compare the KL / r with Cc to determine whether the shoter or long column fomular applies Cc = 2π 2 E = Fy 2π 2 29. UNIT SYSTEM : kip.6 2. the allowable stress is based on the parabolic equation for inelastic buckling.0 ksi < [ Fa = 14.01 Compute allowable stress Fa . by calculation or from ASD “NUMERICAL VALUES” TABLE 3  ( KL / r ) 2  1 −  Fy 2Cc2   Fa = = 14.3 rx 4. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LCB C Loadcase Name(Factor) + Loadcase Name(Factor) + Loadcase Name(Factor) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 DL( 1. SECTION PROPERTIES : Designation = W10x45 Shape = H .0(30)12 = = 83.0(15)12 = 89.Verification Example Theoretical Results (AISC-ASD89) Compute slenderness ratio ( KL) x 1.DEFINITION OF LOAD COMBINATIONS WITH SCALING UP FACTORS.3 Results by the MIDAS/Gen -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MIDAS/Gen . (Rolled) 2 .000) + LL( 1. Thus.32 ( KL) y ry = 1.Steel Code Checking [ AISC-ASD89 ] ===================================================== *.3 ksi 5 3( KL / r ) ( KL / r )3 + − 3 8Cc 8Cc3 Comparison of stresses P 160 fa = = = 12.000) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*.3 ksi ] Ag 13.

10 [ Fy ] -. DESIGN PARAMETERS FOR STRENGTH EVALUATION : Ly = 3. fa = Fxx/Area = -12.020. Kz = 5.030 -.258 3 . Lu = 3.= 14.AISC-ASD89-1 Depth = Web Thick = 10. =================================== ( ). Es = 2. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification E2.60000e+002. ] -.] = 126. Bot. ( ).350.60000e+002 Ky = 1. ( ). 5 3*(Kl/r) (Kl/r)^3 --.= -----------. -. Check ratio of axial stress (fa/Fa).844 < 1.K.]*Fy [ 2*Cc^2 ] -. fa 12.60000e+002 =================================== [[[*]]] CHECK AXIAL STRESS.60000e+002.F Thick = 8.F Width = 0.= 0. Top F Width = 0.620. ---.----------. Kl/r < Cc [ (Kl/r)^2 ] [ 1 .K.+ ---------.020 0.00000e-001 *. Fa 14.6 < 200. Bot. Fa = ------------------------------. Check slenderness ratio of axial compression member (Kl/r). MATERIAL NAME = A36 *.100. Kl/r = 89. Lz = 3. Calculate axial compressive stress of member (fa).0 ---> O.00000e+000. Calculate allowable compressive stress (Fa). (E2-1) ] [ 2*(Pi^2)*Es ] -.----------3 8*Cc 8*Cc^3 ( ).258 kip/in^2.000 ---> O. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification B7.620 *.90000e+004. FORCES AND MOMENTS AT (I) POINT : Axial Force Fxx =-1. MATERIAL PROPERTIES : Fy = 3. Top F Thick = 8.030 kip/in^2.60000e+001.. Cc = SQRT [ ----------------.

3 ksi f a (axial compressive stress) 12. Steel Structure. JOHNSON.0 ksi Reference CHARLES G.11.3 ksi 14. JOHN E. Example 6.0 ksi 12.6 Cc (limit slenderness ratio) 126 126 Fa (allowable compressive stress) 14.Verification Example Comparison of Results Reference MIDAS/Gen ( KL) y / ry (slenderness ratio) 89. SALMON.6 89.1 4 .

The compression flange of the beam is fully supported against lateral movement.AISC-ASD89-2 Title Design of Laterally Supported Beam Description Select the lightest W or M section to carry a uniformly distributed dead load of 0. The simply supported span is 20ft. in addition to the beam weight) and 0.e.8 kip/ft live load.2 kip/ft superimposed (i.. Laterally Supported Beam 1 . Use Allowable Stress Design with A36 steel.

66 Fy Note that rounded values (i.1(12) = = 24.8 2(0. 0.2) OK Note that ASD uses overall depth d whereas LRFD uses the supported height hc of the web even though the limit is the same.03 = 4.3 < 107 tw 0.66 times 36 = 23.0(20) 2 / 8 = 50 ft-kips Required S x = M 50(12) = = 25 in 3 24 Fb Try W12 × 22 : S x = 25.31 = = 47..1 bf 2t f = 4.260 (Table 7.Verification Example Theoretical Results (AISC-ASD89) A36 steel.022(20) 2 / 8 = 51.4.4. Assume “compact section”since nearly all sections satisfy the width/thickness limits λ p : thus.2) OK (Table 7. Fy = 36 ksi 2 OK . Check the flexural stress : M = 1.4 Use W12 × 22.1 ft-kips fb = (including beam weight) M 51.1 ksi ≈ [ Fb = 24 ksi ] Sx 25.425) d 12. the allowable stress Fb would be Fb = 0.8 ksi .e.7 < 10.4 in 3 Check “compact” limits ( λ p ) of ASD-Table B5. use 24 ksi) are accepted values in accordance with ASD-“NUMERICAL VALUES” TABLE The superimposed service load (1kip/ft) bending moment is M = wL2 / 8 = 1.

0 -. FORCES AND MOMENTS AT (1/2) POINT : Bending Moments My = 6.000) + Self Weight( 1.F Thick = 4. Lu = 0. Top F Thick = 0. DTR = Dweb/tw = 44.40000e+002.Steel Code Checking [ AISC-ASD89 ] ===================================================== *.425.1 ] -. ---> kc = 1.260.00000e+000 *.425 *.AISC-ASD89-2 Results by the MIDAS/Gen -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MIDAS/Gen .13250e+002.077 -. SECTION PROPERTIES : Designation = W12x22 Shape = H .310.Section. Mz = 0. Check depth-thickness ratio of web (DTR). Check width-thickness ratio of flange (BTR). BTR = bf/2tf = 4.FBTy).08 < 70.030 0.1 (F1-1) ] 3 . Lz = 2.DEFINITION OF LOAD COMBINATIONS WITH SCALING UP FACTORS. DESIGN PARAMETERS FOR STRENGTH EVALUATION : Ly = 2. DTR < 640/SQRT[Fy] ---> COMPACT SECTION ! ( ). Kz = 1. BTR < 65/SQRT[Fy] ---> COMPACT SECTION ! ( ). Bot. MATERIAL NAME = A36 *. in *.00000e+000. Bot. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LCB C Loadcase Name(Factor) + Loadcase Name(Factor) + Loadcase Name(Factor) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 Load( 1. h/t = 44. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification B5.90000e+004.030.74 -.00000e+000 ================================================== [[[*]]] CHECK BENDING STRESSES ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. MATERIAL PROPERTIES : Fy = 3. UNIT SYSTEM : kip.000) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*.00000e+000 Ky = 1.F Width = Web Thick = 0. ================================================== ( ). (Rolled) Depth = 12.40000e+002. Top F Width = 4. Es = 2.60000e+001.1 ] -. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification F1. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification B5. Calculate allowable bending stresses (FBCy.

if Fy < 65 ksi. -.196 kip/in^2. FBCy. fbty = (My*Cten)/Iyy = 24. 4 .Verification Example -. -.760 kip/in^2.FBTy = 0. Calculate actual bending stresses of member (fbcy. fbcy = (My*Ccom)/Iyy = -24.66*Fy = 23. ( ).fbty).196 kip/in^2.

SALMON. Steel Structure.7 24. Example 7.7 4.8 ksi 4. JOHNSON.1 ksi 24. JOHN E.8 ksi Fb = 0.1 5 .66 f b = 23.5.AISC-ASD89-2 Comparison of Results Fb (allowable stress) b f / 2t f (width-thickness ratio of flange) f b (flexural stress) Reference MIDAS/Gen Fb = 0.2 ksi Reference CHARLES G.66 f b = 23.

The total service loads are P = 350 kips and M = 60 ft-kips. Use Allowable Stress Design. Beam-column with Combined Bending and Axial Load 1 .AISC-ASD89-3 Title Design for Combined Bending and Axial Load Description Investigate the acceptability of a W16 × 67 used as a beam-column under the loading shown in Figure. and Fy = 60 ksi.

8 ksi fa = P 350 = = 17.9 Fb fb = KL 15(12) = = 25.46 KL / r 73 = = 0. 000 20.Verification Example Theoretical Results (AISC-ASD89) Column effect KL 15(12) = = 73 ry 2. 000 = = 11.4 ft 60(12) Fy (controls) or Lc = 20.9 6.78 > 0.7 Fa = Cc Fy = 0.0 − ( Lb / rT ) 2 (65.96 rx Fe' = 223 ksi 2 .4( M 1 / M 2 ) = 0.5 2.0 − = 29.381(60) = 22.8 = = 0. 000 = = 27.6 ft (d / Af ) Fy 2.60 Fy Lb d / Af 15(12)(2.12 29.6(6.6 − 0.8 ksi < 0.5) 2 = 40.235) Lc = = = 8.40(60)12 Fb = 12.747 Cc 97.60 60(12) = 6.9 ksi 425 425 Cm = 0.15 Fa 22. 000 12.40) Lb 15(12) = = 65.8 ksi Ag 19.8 Beam effect 76b f 76(10.75 rT Fb = 40.15) = = 0.7 f a 17.15 ksi 117 Cm f b 0.

20000e+002.AISC-ASD89-3 where the x-axis is the axis of bending.0 = = = 1.9 Results by the MIDAS/Gen ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------MIDAS/Gen . Formualr (H1-2).665 *.8 / 223 1 − 0.50000e+002 Shear Forces Fyy = 0.000) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------*.395. at the braced point.00000e+000. UNIT SYSTEM : kip.8 6. in *.12(1.09) = 0. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LCB C Loadcase Name(Factor) + Loadcase Name(Factor) + Loadcase Name(Factor) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 Load( 1. Mzzj = 0. Kz = 1.60 Fy Fb 36 29.F Thick = 10.80000e+002.90000e+004. Lu = 1.0 ( ) = 0.Section. Fzz =-4.235 0.00000e+000 *.665.0 0.00000e+000 Bending Moments My = 7. FORCES AND MOMENTS AT (J) POINT : Axial Force Fxx =-3.20000e+002. Mz = 0. Bot.235.78 + 0. Top F Width = 10. SECTION PROPERTIES : Designation = W16x67 Shape = H .0 + Fa Fb 1 − f a / Fe' For yielding.00000e+001.15 + b = + = 0.00000e+000 3 . (Rolled) Depth = 16.0798 Check of ASD Formulas For stability. MATERIAL NAME = A572-60 *. DESIGN PARAMETERS FOR STRENGTH EVALUATION : Ly = 1.Steel Code Checking [ AISC-ASD89 ] ================================================= *.330.80000e+002 Ky = 1. fa f 17. Lz = 1.66 < 1. Bot.00000e+000 Moments of j-node Myyj = 7. The magnification factor is 1 1.09 ' 1 − f a / Fe 1 − 17.00000e+000.DEFINITION OF LOAD COMBINATIONS WITH SCALING UP FACTORS.91 < 1. Es = 2.80000e+002. MATERIAL PROPERTIES : Fy = 6. Top F Thick = 0.F Width = Web Thick = 0. Formular (H1-1) f a Cm f b 1.0 1.

1 (F1-2) ] -. rT = SQRT[Izz/Azz] 4 = = = 7.93 in. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification F1. > Lcr ( ). Calculate allowable compressive stress (Fa).0 ---> O.778 =================================================== [[[*]]] CHECK BENDING STRESSES ABOUT MAJOR AXIS. Lcr2 ] = 100. Azz = Bf*tf + tw*(Ccom-tf)/3 -. ] -. Kl/r < Cc [ (Kl/r)^2 ] [ 1 . Cb = 1. ================================ ( ). Cc = SQRT [ -----------------] = 97. fa 17. Lu = 180. Lcr = MIN[ Lcr1.= 0. Fa 22.2 < 200. fa = Fxx/Area = -17.= 22.+ ---------..780 < 1.----------.766 kip/in^2. Check slenderness ratio of axial compression member (Kl/r). [ AISC-ASD89 Specification E2.778 kip/in^2.K.000 (User defined or default value) ( ).---------3 8*Cc 8*Cc^3 ( ). Fa = -------------------------------.000 ---> O. -. Lcr2 = 20000/((d/Af)*Fy) = 138.K.766 -.42 in. Check laterally unbraced length of compression flange (Lu).Verification Example ================================ [[[*]]] CHECK AXIAL STRESS. -. Calculate radius of gyration (rT) -. Calculate axial compressive stress of member (fa). Check ratio of axial stress (fa/Fa).]*Fy [ 2*Cc^2 ] -. -.7938 59. (E2-1) ] [ 2*(Pi^2)*Es ] -. Izz = tf*Bf^3/12 + {(Ccom-tf)/3}*tw^3/12 -.3 ] -.42 in. Kl/r = 73. ( ). [ AISC-ASD89 Specification B7.00 in. -. =================================================== ( ). ---. Lcr1 = (76*bf)/SQRT[Fy] = 100.4289 2. Calculate bending coefficient (Cb). 5 3*(Kl/r) (Kl/r)^3 --.= ------------. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification F1.761 .68 [ Fy ] -. ( ).

600 -. Cmy = 0. Check interaction ratio of combined stresses (Axial compression + bending). Single Curvature Bending. Cmz = 0.185 < CRrog2 ( ). FBCj = [ --.3 ] -. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification F1. CRrog2 = SQRT[ (510000*Cb)/Fy ] = 92.+ ---------------------Fa (1-fa/F'ey)*FBCy (1-fa/F'ez)*FBCz fa SFy*fbcy SFz*fbcz = ---.-----------------.+ --------.+ ----------------------. 23*(Kl/r)^2 Cmy -.000 -. fa/Fa > 0. (H1-1. Calculate allowable compressive bending stresses (FBC).fa/F'ey *. Check interaction ratio of combined stress at member end point.0. FBC = MAX( FBCi. fa fbcy fbcz -.002 kip/in^2.+ -------0. FBCj ) = 30.4*(Mz1/Mz2) = 1.0 12*(Pi^2)*Es -.000 ---> O. Rmax2 = ----------. FBCi = -------------= 27.= 223.15 -.K. -.652 1.4*(My1/My2) = 0. 3 1530000*Cb -.6*Fy FBCy FBCz = 0. SFy = --------------= 0.914 < 1.]*Fy = 30. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification F1. -.699 < 1.K.0. Cmz > 1.0 ---> Cmz = 1. Single Curvature Bending. ==================================== [[[*]]] CHECK COMBINED STRESSES. (Lu*d)/Af 2 Fy*(Lu/rT)^2 -. Rmax1 = ---.002 kip/in^2. Lu/rT = 65. .+ ------------Fa FBCy FBCz = 0.F1-8) ] 12000*Cb -.195 -.+ ------------.3 (F1-6. fa Cmy*fbcy Cmz*fbcz -.AISC-ASD89-3 ( ). 5 (H1-1) (H1-2) .6 . ==================================== ( ). F'ey = ----------------. [ AISC-ASD89 Specification H1.786 kip/in^2.6 . Check ratio of Lu-rT (Lu/rT).000 ---> O.. H1-2) ] -.267 kip/in^2.

Steel Structure.70 0.8 ksi f a (axial compressive stress) 17.8 ksi 22.60 Fy Fb 0.1 6 .Verification Example Comparison of Results Reference MIDAS/Gen 73 73 Fa (allowable compressive stress) 22.70 ( KL) y / ry (slenderness ratio) Fe' (Euler stress devided by a factor of a safety) Interaction ratio of combined stresses (for yielding) Reference CHARLES G.8 ksi 17.14.0 ksi Cm (equivalent moment correction factor) 0.6 0.8 ksi Fb (allowable compressive bending stress) 29.6 223 ksi 223 ksi f a Cm f b 1.91 0. Example 12. SALMON.91 fa f + b 0.0 ( ) (for stability) + Fa Fb 1 − f a / Fe' 0. JOHN E.9 ksi 30. JOHNSON.

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