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Tatjana Dzambazova – Autodesk
Assembling components – Make a bike
Above is an illustration of a bike that was created as an assembly of various components. In this lesson, you will learn how to assemble various components that exist as separate 123D models into one construct.
ASSEMBLIES .................................................................................................................................... 2 The principle of assembling ..................................................................................................... 2 CREATING AN ASSEMBLY ................................................................................................................ 7 Grounded ................................................................................................................................. 7 Insert a component ................................................................................................................. 8 Exercise ................................................................................................................................. 10
There is an additional option to define a gap (offset) between the spaces. You cannot apply assembly rules between different geometries that belong to the same component. Assembling tools are only applicable between different Components. Note that when selecting two components. and thus. you have to organize your 123D model accordingly. In this mode of assembly the direction of the normal of the two faces are opposite of each other (see illustration for clarification). 2 . accessible in the ‘Main Toolbar’.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components ASSEMBLIES The principle of assembling 123D offers a powerful set of assembly tools. You can find 6 different assembly techniques in 123D: • Mate: allows to assembly two faces of two different components to become parallel. In this example. it is the first one that will be the one that will move towards the second one. the approach is that each part of the bike is modeled as a separate 123D model and then. we would be inserting those individual components in one overarching ‘Bike’ project and assemble them with the help of various assembly technics. under the ‘Design Intent’ section.
Additional control allows inverting of the angle value. Align: Use the Align mode between two edges of components that need to be aligned. 1. Align can also be applied to assemble two cylindrical faces or two axes. You have the offset option here as well. not opposite as in Mate. Here you also have the option to set an offset between the assembled faces. 3 .Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components • Flush: This technic is similar to Mate. with the difference that the direction of the faces is the same. • Angle: Allows you to define an angle value between the two faces.
Tangent: Allows you to position two faces at a tangent. 3. Center: Allows you to place 2 circular edges in a concentric manner. You can inverse the positioning with additional option. Additional control allows for inversing the tangent condition. Offset option is also available. Offset is also available. 4 .Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 2.
If. indicates to 123D that you wish to ignore the imposed constraints by the selected assembly type. For example. There you will find the type of assembly mode that was applied (Mate. It is however not possible to change the type of assembly. Flush. you can see the components used in the assembly. 6. ‘Tangent’. all related components (‘Lower Leg -‐ Right’ and ‘Foot -‐ Right’) will also move/pan accordingly: 5 . Suppress: This option is displayed with a delete checkbox. The ‘Suppress’ option. Tangent) and under the main assembly node. when checked. 123D will propose only those assembly modes that are applicable. Edit: Allows modifying of an assembly. The controls relevant to the used assembly mode will be displayed (offset and inversion) and can be modified. This can be interesting when you have used the assembly tool only to position easily components in respect to each other but where you are not interested to keep a constraint between the components. you will see it listed in the Browser. Once an assembly tool is used. it will not be possible any more to move one of the objects in the assembly. Angle. which would be: ‘Align’. in the robot example that you see in the illustration. 5. if a rotation is applied to the ‘Upper Leg -‐ Right’ component.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 123D proposes a selection of assembly modes dependent on the selection made. For example. Once you have made an assembly connection. Once an assembly rule has been applied. A right click on the assembly in the Browser opens a context menu in which one can find the following options: 4. for example. Delete: Allows deleting in a definitive way. Center. you used ‘Mate’ assembly type. Align. 123D will try to preserve the constraints during the editing of one of its components. if two faces of cylinders were selected. ‘Center’. You can rename the default name of an assembly. it can limit the movements of components in the assembly.
Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components Here a diagram of how the individual components were assembled: 6 .
In this example. It is called ‘Grounded’. Grounded There is one property that a component can have that can be very useful during assembling. In majority of the cases 123D will choose to apply the correct type of assembly. but we still have a choice to apply different ones. To see or apply this property. When this property is assigned to a component. 7 . Select the circle at the end of the red component. using the selection in the pill menu. this component will not move from its location.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components CREATING AN ASSEMBLY To use assembly you need at least two components. After having selected the first component (or a face of it) you will have to press and hold the ‘Shift’ key before selecting the second component (or a face on it). In the following example we want to create assembly between the rod (green) and the handle (red).) to accommodate the required assembly type. rotate etc. The order of what you click first is crucially important for the final result. This is how the scenario will look like: • • • Select the circle at the bottom of the rod. the rod will be moved towards the handle. Press and hold the ‘Shift’ key. The component that you will select first will be the one that will be submitted to change (move. only the possible assembly types will be displayed. regardless the commands applied. Note that as a rule. select a component node in the browser and right click.
If however. Without any component set as ‘Grounded’. the rotation of the handle will rotate all other components (see the illustration in the middle) which is not the effect that you desire. you can select the ‘Insert Component’ option that appears in the context menu of the main node in the Browser or you can find the same option in the ‘Main Toolbar’. the assembly will function correctly (as shown in the illustration on the right side). you will have to insert them in your model in order to use them in your assembling. To do that. Insert a component If you had modeled all your components as separate 123D models. you declare the cylinder to be ‘grounded’. under the ‘Primitives’ section. 8 .Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components In the following illustration you can see an assembled object. The goal in it was to create an assembly that will function as bielle/piston when the red handle is turned.
In it. Finish with Open. a new dialog box will open. Once the insert is finished. you can navigate your folders and find the 123D files you wish to insert. You can rename it. if you desire. you imported twice the component called ‘Wheel – 08’. the first import will be called ‘Wheel – 08Copy1’ and the second ‘Wheel – 08 Copy2’. 123D will add the suffix ‘CopyX’ where ‘X’ represents the number of times this component was inserted. 9 . the inserted component will be visible in the Browser. By default. If as example.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components In both cases. by double-‐clicking on the name.
In this model. It contains the front wheel of the bike.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components Exercise 1. Try not to place too close to the existing component. 4. Start by selecting the hole of the ‘Frame’ component when you start the assembly. Validate when done (right click. Zoom in to start placing other components. Open the folder ‘KidBike-‐Base. 10 . insert the ‘Rear Wheel. using the method described before. Use zoom whenever you feel that you are not having enough control to pick what you intended. Insert also the component ‘Frame. 2. Place it close to the rear wheel. Connect the rear wheel and the hole of the ‘Frame’ component using an assembly type ‘Center.123d’. 3.123d’.123d’ component. ok).
6. Place it close and above the ‘Frame’ component. Start by selecting the axis of the ‘Saddle’ component when you start the assembly. Insert the file called ‘Saddle. OK to finish. 11 .Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 5. Right click. Create.123d’. between the ‘Saddle’ and the hole in the ‘Frame’ component. an assembly type using the ‘Center’ option.
For that. -‐ Finish the assembly by selecting the lower circle from the frame (just as we did in step 6) -‐ Validate to confirm the assembly. You have to create the same assembly for the lower axis and the hole corresponding to the ‘Frame’ component. you should: -‐ Hide the ‘Frame’ component in order to be able to see the entire axis of the ‘Saddle’ component. Place it close and above the front wheel. 8.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 7. 12 . Insert the ‘Fork.123d’ component. -‐ Start with the assembly by selecting the circle on the axis (just as we did in step 6) -‐ Turn back on the visibility of the ‘Frame’ component and hide the ‘Saddle’ to be able to see the hole in the frame.
between the axis of the wheel and the corresponding hole of the ‘Fork’ an assembly type ‘Center’. 10. Create between the ‘Fork’ component and the corresponding hole on the ‘Frame’ component an assembly type ‘Align’. 13 . Validate to finish. Create. Start the assembly by selecting the hole in the ‘Fork’ component.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 9. Start the assembly process by selecting the hole in the Fork’ component. Validate to confirm the assembly.
Make additional assembly of the ‘Align’ type between these two components in a way that the fork is correctly placed in the framework.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 11. 14 . you might need to select different faces than the one indicated – remember the goal is to arrive to correct placement of the fork in the frame. According to the placement made for the framework. Validate to finish. Start the assembly by selecting the face of the ‘Fork’ component (attention. it's the interior face that needs to be selected).
Create an assembly type ‘Align’ between the ‘Main Axis’ ad the corresponding hole in the ‘Fork’. Zoom and orbit if needed. Insert the file called ‘Main Axis. Place it close and above the framework. 15 .Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 12.123d’. Validate to confirm the assembly. 13. Start the assembly process by selecting the cylinder of the ‘Main Axis’ component.
Set offset value of -‐0. reposition the triad over the center of the axis of the back wheel. Validate when done. 15. select the ‘Frame’ component. Select the tool ‘Move/Rotate/Scale’.5. You will need to make additional new assembly type ‘Flush’ between these two components. From the Browser. 16 . Don't hesitate to zoom or orbit to place the elements correctly. such that the axis is correctly positioned in respect to the fork and the framework.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 14. Click on ‘Finish Reorient’. You should start the assembly by first selecting the top face of the ‘Main Axis’ component.
Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 16. hold the click and apply a rotation of the framework by dragging the mouse in (towards?) right direction. 17 . 17. Click on the circle of the triad. Orbit the view so that you can make a rotation around the ‘X’ axis. Right click and select ‘Cancel’ to delete the rotation.
you can see that each of them will get highlighted in the model. reposition the triad over the center of the ‘Main Axis’. the wheel should at the same time). as previously explained. Find the one that we placed in step 11 (between the fork and framework). From the browser. will allow you to turn the fork and see if the constrains are respected (if all was done well. In the browser. This. 19. 21. Click on the circle of the triad. 18 . Click on ‘Finish Reorient’ to accept the new position of the triad. Select ‘Move/Rotate/Scale’.Introduction to Autodesk 123D – Assembling components 18. Orbit the view in a way that you will be able to rotate around the ‘Z’ axis. 20. It should be the second assembly of the ‘Align’ type. expand the ‘Assembly Constraints’ node. hold the click and apply a rotation of the fork by dragging the mouse towards the right. The assembly types are listed and when you hoover the mouse over each. select the ‘Fork’ component. Zoom to position correctly. Right click on this assembly and select ‘Suppress’.
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