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Zhiling U

Outline

• Strength analysis including Hogging & Sagging • WindlWave induced Fatigue analysis • Fatigue analysis including Hogging & Sagging

1

Strength analysis including Hogging & Sagging The Vessel is a beam Upper Deck L Strain at the edge Moment of the beam Section Modulus of the Vessel R: E: I: Radius of Curvature (=EI/M) Young's Modulus (2.3E3 m"4) .1E8KN/mA2) Moment of Inertia (1.

~ :_ft : Vessel deflection due to bending ..4mm ES 5.64mxl.-:~ The Vessel is a beam Upper Dec:k I Va .J ..Oxl06 KN'm = e 5.<' ~ __ ..:.Shs = aL V = O. 1 L I --.356mm VL 4 A 5.Oxl0 KN Total vertical deflection vessel length M=Ms+~hb '" ' ..f-- Neural axl.~ e Mzb=-M 2EI I M= M L= MLxO.64mxl. Deflection -! .45xlOIl KN .'~ t ..I -r Va . 1 Neural axl. m M Vessel deflection due to shear Only good for structure with length along longitudinal direction much shorter than . L_-3-=. a: A: V: G: shear coefficient depend on section shap Area of the beam Shear applied on the beam Shear Modulus Ah.' >:'.

. equipment loads. piping weight. both static & dynamic sagging & hogging need to be considered.-/ ~ AI. the vertical imposed displacements due to hogging & sagging will cause the structure to bend. statlc+O. For beam sea condition.L . Depend on the position of the structure Fin: Fst: Fw inertial load due to vessel motion structural self weight.Load Combination Including Hogging & Sagging Fin Fin ± Fst ± (llh+ llL)+Fw Pin along vessel or Fin ± Fst ± (-l1h+ l1L)+Fw 10ng~a\. live load. . no dynamic sagging & hogging need to be considered For quartering sea. & etc wind load applied on the structures More detail in Load Combination • • • • • Hogging & sagging include both static & dynamic parts For head sea condition.707*dynamlc hogging & sagging need to be considered For Structural/Pipe with multiple supports along vessel longitudinal direction.

and may be below the yield stress limit of the material. (Wikipedia) 6 . The maximum stress values are less than the ultimate tensile stress limit.Wind/Wave Induced Response Spectrum Fatigue Analysis Fatigue Damage Fatigue is the progressive and localized structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic loading.

S-N curve • • Fatigue damage is only caused by stress range. N. = • How to obtain n. not stress Static force will not cause fatigue damage Itself No damage ~~-----------r~-. & Ni Spectral Fatigue Analysis .~ Fatigue damage ~ I Number of Cycles (log Scale) I • Palmgren-Miner Rule number of stress cycles for 1101 number of cycles to failure at constant stress range tsa.

Vessel RAO Output: System: R{f) = Structural response spectrum IH(f~ = Response Input: amplitude operator (RAO) (provided by Bureau Veritas) S(f) = wave spectrum (JONSW AP) f. calculate MEFs for each direction and wave frequency as: MEFij=(RAOsurge)(MEFsurge) (RAOsway)(MEFsway)+ (RAOhearve)(MEFheave) + + (RAOpitch)(MEFpitch)+ (RAOroll)(MEFroll)+ (RAOyaw)(MI:Fyaw) MEFij: memberend force for directionI and frequency j Inputs the stress concentration factors and calculates the hot spot stress ranges as follows • AxiaiStress=P/A • • 1'~~cc~leiati1Mr • • Where: In-plane bending stress:Mip'y/lx Out-of-plane bending stress=Mop'X/ly •P •A • = distance from neutral axis to the point at which the stress is being calculated • Ixlly= Elastic moment of inertia about the appropriate axis Perform response spectrum fatigue check for selected members and joints for the prescribed seastates (wave scatter data) and appropriate SoN curve • xly •M plane) Axial load Cross-sectional area of member Bending moment (ip for in plane and op for out of 7 . frequency (Hz) Steps for Fatigue Analysis • • Solved the structural member end forces (MEFs) by applying the center of the vessel along each of the six dofs Using the MEFs from unit accelerations and RAOs between unit wave & vessel acceferations.

)dS N(S.)F(S. ~Y.) I ri = the probabiliy r of occurrencefor thei .th seastate T = DesignLife(years) F(Sr) = probability distribution of stress range (Rayleigh Distribution) N(Sr) = the allowable Tz = Tz = mean zero crossing period of the hot . r (T I TZ.spot stress ranges tf number of cycles at stress range S. m" = rr R(/)dj 8 ..Stress concentration factor (SCF) (Testing or PEA) (jhot-spot = SCF x (jnominal Spectral Fatigue Damage Based on Hotspot Stress Response Spectrum Rs(j) D = "'" .

L -Neural axis Hydrostatic StIffna88 9 .~{.'.W. .For a unit height wave with frequency ~. the vessel M = Asin(mt+¢) Upper Deck sln(mt) S.Fatigue analysis including Hogging & Sagging Wave Induced Moments ~}. <moment is :1 W." rf' f~ .:~\" ~ "'1'.

OOE+08 J :.OOE+OO 0 0.4mm A."\ L2 Mb= 2EIM • • = 5. = ES ML = 5..5 2 Continued • The imposed displacements at the structural supports are M.45xld1KN'm L2 Asin(ax+qJ) The RAO between unit wave & imposed displacements can be calculated with the provided RAO between unit wave & vessel moments at different locations Imposed displacement due to shear deformation is ignored since it generates very small member forces for the structures but may not be the case for piping design 10 .. 8.Vessel Moment RAO at Different Locations --~-Vesaa' Moment RAO 1.00E+08 2.00E+08 O.00E+09 la.( sin ox+(jJ) .5 Wave Frequency 1.20E+09 1.64mxl.00E+08 4.Oxl06 KN'm LxO.

_I I 1. 2. the support . Inputs the stress concentration factor and calculates the hot spot stress ranges as follows Axial Stress=P/A In-plane bending stress=Mip*yllx Out-of-plane bending stress=Mop*xlly Where: Axial load • P= Cross-sectional area of member • A Bending moment (ip for in plane and op for out of •M plane) distance from neutral axis to the point at which the • xly stress is being calculated Elastic moment of inertia about the appropriate • Ixlly = axis Calculates the total hot spot stress ranges for membersfJoints by combined the hot spot stresses due to inertia loads (wave & wind induced) and hogging & sagging (ignore phase angle for conservative) Performed the member/Joint fatigue analysis with the provided wave scatter data. and total hot-spot stress ranges 11 . Continued 5. • • • • 6. calculates the MEFs for each direction and for each wave frequency as follow: 1. MEFij=(RAOij)*(MEFdis)' MEFij: member end force for direction i and frequency j RAOlj: response amplitude operator for direction i and frequency j 3. 7. Using the MEFs from the imposed displacement and RAOs between the unit wave & imposed displacements. 4. SoN curve. I Fatigue Analysis Steps for Hogging & Sagging Calculates RAO between unit wave and support imposed displacement Calculates the imposed displacements at the supports using Equations in previous slide solves member end forces for each member due to the imposed displacements at .

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