# Electrical Engineering

Basic concepts : Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and various factors affecting them. Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy and their units. Circuit law : Kirchhoff’s law, Simple Circuit solution using network theorems. Magnetic Circuit : Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of magnetic materials, Magnetic calculations for conductors of different configuration e.g. straight, circular, solenoidal, etc. Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual induction. AC Fundamentals : Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating waves, Representation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and parallel AC Circuits consisting of

. Switchgears – rating of circuit breakers.C.f. Lightning arresters. cost of generation. Load factor. Electric welding. Electrical Machines : (a) D. Use of CRO. Basic Principles of D. Losses and efficiency. equivalent circuit. types of faults. Effect of voltage. Motors. Generation. O. (b) 1 phase and 3 phase transformers – Construction. demand factor. Electric drives and motors.C. H. CT. Earth Fault detection. 3 phase power. Extension of range. Machines.m. Principles of operation. speed control and starting of D.L.C. Signal Generator. principle of operation. voltage regulation. DC and sinusoidal response of R-Land R-C circuit.R. Energy meter AC Bridges. etc.C.C. Buchholtz relay. Merz-Price system of protection of generators & transformers. and S. Earthing practices and IE Rules. Losses and efficiency of D. their characteristics. Protection against earth leakage / over current. synchronizing. Tests.R. Auto transformers. comparison of conductor materials. Wattmeter. voltage regulation. Resonance. protection of feeders and bus bars. motors and generators. Electric heating. Measurement of frequency and phase angle. Principles of arc extinction by oil and air. diversity factor. Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors : Characteristics and applications. Synchronous Machines – Generation of 3-phase e. inter-connection of power stations. Electroplating. both active and re-active) and energy. cable rating and derating factor. parallel operation of two alternators. Method of braking motor. frequency and wave form on losses. Megger. electric installation of machines and relevant IE rules. equivalent circuit. armature reaction. Transmission and Distribution – Different types of power stations. Power factor improvement.C. (c) 3 phase induction motors. various transmission and distribution system. Cable – Different type of cables. Ammeter and Voltmeter (both moving coil and moving iron type). Poly Phase system – star and delta connection. Fuses. short circuit current for symmetrical faults. Estimation and costing : Estimation of lighting scheme. PT and their uses. Measurement and measuring instruments : Measurement of power (1 phase and 3 phase. efficiency of different system. various types of tariffs. Machine – Construction. torque-speed characteristics. 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase power measurement.C. rotating magnetic field. control of active and reactive power. starting and speed control of 3 phase induction motors. Utilization of Electrical Energy : Illumination. Multimeters. Parallel operation of 1 phase / 3 phase transformers. Starting and applications of synchronous motors. Methods of braking. Tank Circuit. and C. effect of voltage and frequency variation on torque speed characteristics.