Rutting develops with an increasing number of load applications and is one of the main distresses experienced by asphalt pavements, which affects asphalt performance,most significantly ride quality and safety.In an attempt to understand the underlying the factors associated with the unexpected rut development,the writers conducted an in situ investigation by excavating transverse trenches. The Freeway pavement structure is a strong semirigid base course with three asphalt layers over this semirigid base course,including an asphalt surface course,an asphalt intermediate course, and an asphalt base course, in which the asphalt intermediate course may significantly affect the total pavement rutting the most,followed by the asphalt base course and the asphalt surface course.Therefore,special attention should be paid to the design, material selection,and construction of the asphalt intermediate course. Based on the back analysis using the prediction model in conjunction with field investigation data, a controlling criterion for the dynamic stability value of the asphalt base course under the different longitudinal grade was established. It is recommended that the minimum value of dynamic stability should be 800 times/mm for the asphalt base course under normal conditions. It is recommended that modified asphalt mixes with great resistance to rutting should be used in the construction of the asphalt intermediate course for freeway pavements in regions with heavy truck traffic and hot weather. Attention should be also paid to effects of the other asphalt layers, in particular the asphalt base course.The results of analysis imply that the longitudinal grade also affects the RD.

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