!"#$%& '()* +,#-.

/)001%234
56#$67 7 !879:$;

$( <-6)=> "7$?@ $AB:
!"#$% &'()
September 2000
Ghazal of Hafez Shirazi
In Persian
Part 4
Compiled and Corrected by
Dr. Behrouz Homayoun Far
far@acm.org
http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

1

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(301)
*+, -. (/ 01 #2 345 67" 89 :3
*?5 @3 !A";5 <5 &= "39 &>, -.
BCD E1#F "9 &= GHI=#) 4J(K LM ;7(/
*N5 OIPQ/ RS#. 9(2 (/ 4IT 4=U
<= &24V/ ;W' XQJ "3 XY5 Z(NT "9
*[5 (% C\#Y], ^1#T "_ "#IF `=
EJC2 X\(2 A9 A XQ5 !(' &= :9(2 &abK
*7 &, A E7C79 A9 &, #5 A C]2 C. _3 GCFA
<= :H7"4W' A L3CYT &aQ) #]>2
*' &2 _3CYI5 67(T <J9 _3 3" -NT
994K !9345 4Ic "3 E,_ EJ42 d4%
*Ne d4% _3 E]= ;,(2_ &= E,M &, <5
:"#2 :"3f>, 6]7(T ge#. 42 L(%
h4/"A9 !CD A9 *7 A3 42 _3 0ID" :3

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2

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(302)
8#+' EIQ, :3 ;'#2 4PT i(T
8#SA L#5_ C\";5 #5 &2 &=
#$1 !#jb,3 k -]?13 &jD
8#l13 L#Q1 #YJ #JX+je
EN\ :f2 <5 A ;+NQ1#5
8#[13 mI= A #Y,34In <73
&Ie#F C?2 "3C13 XbF
8opk3 <F #$1#. 3(1#\#e
;Y5 XN, 8#+W13 8#+n ;e
8#+= <IF *YF @3 q4S
@3 h#+. ;+[13 C742 #7
8#?/ 8#?/ #P.45 #P.45
C,#5 ;1#T G#>5H2 &S4F
8#5k#5 !#n A L#b74. _3
4VJ 0' #I1#. CYWe3 &7#\
8#IT L3A" 0' C,_#2 &% #/
94>,;+, `= :(\ #5 h4/
8on A G#n A #74P= <73 _3 GM
CY% #/ :42#S A -]F #re#.
8#Y2 X\3 i(T L#l'#F &1#,

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3

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(303)
8#SA s42 X+' A 939A tA" X++'
8#+' EIQ, :3 !4I5 3" (/ :(2 &= #I2
8H,3 A mD 0IP[13 8#+V2 #79#.3
8#+n s#Ia'3 _ ENI+n 4PS XQI, &=
&2 &a'3fKA4e L34VJ 0' X7#W.
8#SA _A" G94) CYWe342 &= LM 4W' &2
E]% &,#T XbJ H74NK G94) &= #I2
8#IT G#K"#= 474[/ &2 E73GCI]=
CPNp;5 "fF A X\3 ONS 4\ 42 "#7 (%
8#. &+J "9 0ID" "(n _ X'fK L3(/
uY/ 89 "9 XQI, (/ L#J9 8#IT HV2
8#[5 8#IT ;) "9 <5 (% 9#P5 `= &=
;1A 074c ge#. C' (/ -]F RIaD
8o. v#5 L(T &= <= :"fK #5 h#T &2

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4

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(304)
R5#= A4QT <79 v4j, L#$n :3"39
89#F E1#F *N5 4br5 <2 ;I[7
G9#]K (/ G#Y) !o\3 &K"9 :3
89 "9 A L#n &,_A" <I5_ :A" 42
!_k A 0n3A 94T A L#n 42 (/ EIr?/
R5#' A w7#e L#W5 A L(= 42 (/ !#?,3
;J#I\ G4xD *7 (/ *N= _3 8_3 _A"
8#Q5 R. C' &= 9#ae3 &5 :A" 42
XbK 89 &2 C79 &I\ 8#T LM (% CI'"(T
RPl5 :ACYJ LM ;59(2 <5 &= y#= :3
X\3 z#+\ A ^D" "9 (/ !H2 _3 *Ne #J#'
RQ>5 &5H5_ <73 <539 _3 {4p X\9
vCY+= m1_ _3 &= 6|2 L#$n A i(, ;5
R\o\ "#ae4K G3(TC2 L94K C'
X\3 8CF }$Y5 42 G4\ *7 ;WNe "A9
8HY5 &2 G3" 94P, E1#~ &= i#2 i(T
X\3 s_" EQl5 L#$n G#' END ge#.
Rp#2 &]7C,3 <W5 X]I?5 4$2 _3

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5

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(305)
RVT {34' &2(/ _3 !C' RK XDA &2
RVT {3(S#, "394= _ 9#P5 `= &=
•[2 <7_ <5 A X\3 G" !39 &+J #5 toS
RVT {#2 €IJ &2 ;D#\ A CJ#' _ EI,
E74= -NT &2 #5 _ CV,4, "#7 &= 9(2
RVT {3(n _3 A EI1(N5 8#\ _3 &=
E]% &%34\ _3 iA9 0' Xe" &= L(T _
RVT {3(T L3A" G" 4r, "9 E7C'
6I) "9 4\ CYWe "3 XQ5 `K4, X\3A"
RVT {#aF4) E]% LM G(I' _ C' &=
3CT 4W' A {#aeM _ :4a2(T &= ;7(/
RVT {#aeM :A" "9 (/ _ EaQI, &=
X]K &= 4•T {M XQ2 LM _3 X+N~ {#V.
RVT {M (‚+J ƒPp LM A ge#. 4?' _

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6

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(306)
8(SA 8#V5 345 C'#2 (/ :(= &2 4K3
8(S3 &2 <5 "#= (/ RSA X1A9 &2 C\"
#YF" `K4, A9 LM <5 _ G942 "34D
8([W5 :A9#n A9 LM <5 _ G942 „34e
"A_ A "_ ;2 :3(,;2 <5 (/ "9 42 (%
8(T9 A yA4T G" !"3C, {#2 €IJ &2
E7(n #V= _3 G"#% EY= &% !A" #V=
8(N5 "#K_A" "(n A Ec _ !3&a]K &=
E2#7 ;KC,_ 8#.C2 &aQW' <5
8(al5 !(' X+c …I/ &2 &= L#5_ LM "9
Xe#I, :#n (/ Ec <5 89 _ 4a234T
8AH, G#K"34D E>Y/ 89 "9 XT#\ &=
9"39 ;NlIS (% v4$5 4J3(n _3 89
8(lj5 &Y7M 4J †93(. u,_ _ 9(2
(/ v4•. &2 89 A L#n :3 !3G94= !4n &%
8(Pl5 9(';+, 89;2 <5 XF#p &=
ge#. <= i(+T A _#Q2 -]F 9"9 &2
8(lF RJ3 6I) i#e <W5 -]F _(5"

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7

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(307)
R7#+' LM mSA "9 EabK &= :3&aW, 4J
8#D "9 @ #abK CIY' (= 4J
8A3 9(+, L#\M :C," A -]F RIj[/
R7#•e <73 0Q= "9 E,#n XT(Q2 4TM
C734\ i(T &aW, <73 "39 4\ 42 yo.
8#Q5 <73 8#‡53 CY\4ˆ, ;?e#' _3
E,3(/#, L#n 42 ;]|P2 ;= &= EabK
8#. &,#I5 "9 L#n 9(P, &= L#5_ LM XbK
:"#>, ;]= ;T(' :"#7 &2 !3G939 89
8#j|13 G9(+[5 #7#VQ13 &I‰45
XaQ5 E]% (% !9(2 :4IK &'(K <IF "9
R7#5 (/ :A423 L(% L#aQ5 &2 !C' L(Y=3 A
!C79 t(, L#e(p G" CS GC79 {M _3
R73_ X]>, HK4J X]l, &YI\ t(1 _3 A
X\3 ET_ E]% f7(?/ ge#. X\9 X\A9 :3
R7#+. X,94K "9 3" LM EYIP2 {" #7

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8

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(308)
RIPQN\ XN?1 A CNT L(% XT" :3
RIP\ 89 A L#n G94= XNIPQN\
01 94K 42 XxT L#'()HP\
RIPQN\ 94K CY,3"(5 (‚+J
:3&'(K 4J "9 (/ E]% hA#,
RIaD CS 9"39 G9#ae3 <5 (‚+J
X\3 <5 L#n "9 &= 6/M <73 {" #7
RINT 42 :94= &= L#\ L3_ <= 94\
L#a\A9 :3 8#V5 E2#7;+, <5
RI+n `2 ;1#+n A3 9"39 &% 4K
_3"9 `2 8HY5 A X\3 uY1 #5 :#)
RI|, 42 #54T A G#/(= #5 X\9
"#>, -]F &VY)4\ _3 ge#.
RI) :#) "9 C' G9#ae3 "(5 (‚+J
_#, A HF A #l2 3" E1#F G#'
RIPD <7_ C'#2 &= :HI% 4J A 9#2

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9

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(309)
!#e R?1 {34' A ;,3(n A :_#Pl]F
!3C5 {4' A !C+J m74. A `,3 `NV5
<|\ <74I' {4x5 A L#J94W' ;D#\
!#, *I, ;+7C, A "394= *I, ;YI]Y+J
;KC,_ {M *'" ;=#) A mx1 _3 :CJ#'
!#+/ G#5 v4Ic ;2(T A <Q. "9 :4P19
<742 BA94e 4jD L(% L#], 89 ;J#>5H2
!oQ13"39 &‰A" L(% 6Y534I) ;Y]NK
{93#2 L3"#W]I) A G3(|WI, L#YI], mS
!#Wa\A9 L#b74. A "34\3 0.#S L3"3Ca\A9
*P\ "3(T i(T HI/ ŠN/ u,4NK G9#2
!#T v(D#7 _3 6Nl, A "#>, R?1 _3 6Nl,
…I/ &a|JM 94T :#+‹7 &2 ;D#\ GH+c
!39 G94aQK 89 CIS :342 _3 L#,#n m1_
<|\ <74I' ge#. L(% (K &1f2 ;,39 &aW,
!3(D ;n#. L(% _A4e3 L#$n :_(5M 6]|2
G#P/ :A 42 ;1C'(T CJ3(|, v4]F <73 &= 4J
!34. :A 42 ;KC,_ C7(V, `NV5 <73 &= L3A

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10

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(310)
!#I) GCYT4e ;) d4e 47#p #P.45
!3C= G3" #V= X\A9 4PT &% !Cl5 4IT
9#2 &D"C2 8_3 mx1 3" &Ne#D <73 {" #7
!#= &2 &D(]?5 A C5M !39 &2 EjT A3 _3 &=
XQI, L#7#) 345 s(]?5 A <5 :34n#5
!#V,3 947fˆ, 9"3C, _#cM &% 4J
#+Y2 d" ;Qb, E?Y/ 942 C. _ RK
!34|2 3" 3CT XQI, i(T A 9_#,;5 A4\
C7#54e;+J "#,_ (% "3C19 m1_
!34. &D4T #5 </ 42 C' &= ŠI' :3 A42
4IbS G"C\ 4\ _ 9_;+J &= E.A" „45
!39 "9 iCYWe (/ 8#T &,39 XPD#F
C'#2 "(T"9 &, {3(T 345 "#+I2 E]%
!#Y7 mI= m,9 39 Ral7 &1 <5
EabK ^N|5 <5 42 ;YW, E.4/ (/
!#7k3 *N/ A X,3 #J A :3(F9 h3U
C7#' 9"39 (/ :A423 &2 RI5 "3 ge#.
!o= RJ3 CYY= {34[5 &'(K "9 :#n

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11

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(311)
!3&a\#T(, i(T ;,3(n :A" -'#F
!3&a\3(T #F9 &2 Ec <73 X1A9 3CT _3 A
i#e E7(K;5 A !_#24r, A C," A -'#F
!3&a\3"M 4YJ <7CY% &2 &= ;,3C2 #/
C7M;5 9(T G9(1M &D4T _3 E54'
!3&a\34I) GCP?' CS &2 &NSA A3 42 &=
HI, <5 *Y73 &= ƒ+' :3 6+c _3 _(Q2 i(T
!3&a\#T42 A &aQ24+= "#= <7C2 EJ
"#= &e4S C]2 X\9 _3 E/4I. <IY% #2
!3&a\#= L#n A 89 _3 €,M !3G9AHe3 Ec "9
#PD &5#n !A" v#234T &2 ge#. (‚+J
!3&a\#T(, 4P19 LM C]= 42 "9 &= (2

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12

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(312)
EN\ :f2 XN. &5oQ13 U3 :4]2
E?Y13 &7#c q4a?5 C+. @
939 G9Œ5 Oae <73 &= X\#V= 4PT i(T LM
!CD "9 EI\ A "_ (% 6+,#]e L#n #/
X\3 8HY5 &e4p <73 "9 G#' X]K_#2 _3
!CF G94)34\ &2 A3 EjT uYJM
8#. &aQW' 994K &Y7M4J <W' L#+I)
E5U ;$Y13 *IN5 CYF 9($?13 L3
;1A ;a+." R53 {#[\ _3 XQn;5
E, 93C, LA4I2 &Y7#?5 i3GC79 Hn
XbK HYp &2 i4$ˆ\ 9#ae Ec RI, "9
!CY13 ƒbY7 #5 A X5C, CD L3
9(2 _3" RJ3 _3 A d" &5 "#7 (% ;D#\
EJ &Ile A ŠI' A G9#2 9"(|2 ge#.

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13

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(313)
Ea5CT G3(T3(J &= #ID#\ :M_#2
Ea1A9 :(K#F9 A ;KCY2 s#a]5
X\(/ „A4e v9#?\ !#n wIe &= #n L3_
E/4I. v#+N~ _ :#+, :C' LA4I2
X$n CS _ EJ#YK 4[2 s4c CY% 4J
Ea+." RJ3 _ !C' -]F :#Y'M #/
EIW. :3 ;5#,C2 A :C," &2 <W5 EPIF
Ea+QD L3(79 _ X'(,4\ 9(2 <7#=
"#IaT3 A X\3 0Q= &2 &, ;l'#F &= "(T ;5
E/4xe †34I5 _ CI\" XPJ(5 <73
67(T 4+F &2 !C7H>, 4b\ <pA H= <5
Ea24c G3(T3(J (/ LC79 -]F "9
mI?‰ A &aQT <5 A G" "9 G(= A #7"9
Ea+J &2 <= 9C5 &aQVT ;) 4•T :3
(/ :34Qa1A9 "9 _3 v"(S &2 !"A9
E/4•. L#+Il5 _ 89 A L#n &2 <WI1
L#n 94ˆ\ CJ3(T (/ E]% 6I) &2 ge#.
EaN$5 4+F CJC2 "3 E1#IT <73 "9

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14

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(314)
Ea\9 _3 94P2 (/ E]% :"#+I2 iA9
EaQ2;5 L#n v"(S XP1 mx1 _3 <WI1
XQI, :_A453 (/ <IW]5 •T #2 <5 -]F
EaQ5 ;1oJ !#n <73 H= X\3 G#K479
"(n &2 &= C5M i(T &aW, <73 !9(T v#PŽ _3
EaQ]Y, 0Np :#) _3 (/ :(= 4\ "9
<I], &,#|I5 <5 _3 "3C5 E]% XIe#F
EaQJ #/ !3G9_ L3C," X5CT _3 !9 &=
X\3 4xT CS #Ye :(\ LM _3 -]F G" "9
Ea\" C5M 4\ &2 !4+F (% &= ;7(>, #/
9(Q. _3C,3 }= 4I/ _3 Ec &% EY73 _3 C?2
Ea\(I) 9(T :A423 L#+= {(P[5 &2 L(%
345 X\3 8o. (/ -IlF y"9 42 &\(2
EaQW], #eA 4$5 #bn A B(Qe3 &2 &=
Xe42 A 94= 89 v"#c E74W]1 ;+YS
Ea\9 94I>, G#' Xbp#F 4K3 GM
9(2 GC'42 *Ne &2 ge#. 6,39 XP/"
EaQ) vCYN2 9#]+' :"3(|+c 94=

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15

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(315)
Ea\9 _3 6,39 A <79 C]2 &= LM _3 4Ic &2
EaQ242 q4p &% Xl]F _ &= (>2 #I2
9#2 &2 939 (/ Ec !4+F <54T &% 4K3
EaQW], C$F &= vH7HF :#) h#T &2
-]F X1A9 &2 <IP2 !4Il. &% 4K G"U (%
Ea\(I) 4$5 &2 L(% XT" :3(J "9 &=
<53 4\ _3 <5 #/ XQ74+F &= G9#2 "#I2
EaQ]Y, 6IF 4$2 _3 XIe#F }Y= &2
(>a[Ij, :3 :"#I]J !945 _ 4K3
EaQ5 <5 &= 34% <WbI5 h#T &2 <|\
X\A9 42 !"AM42 X1#VT _ 4\ &,(>%
Ea\9 _3 C5#I,42 3H\ &2 ;a5CT &=
Xb>, _3(Y19 "#7 LM A ge#. XT(Q2
EaQT i4p#T &= Ea\4b2 ;+J45 &=

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16

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(316)
!9#2 42 ;JC, #/ GC5 9#2 42 m1_
!9#IY2 ;YW, #/ <W5 9#IY2 _#,
4>n L(T !"(|, #/ `= &+J #2 "(|5 ;5
!9#74e *Ne &2 4\ C]W, #/ 6W5 4\
!CY2"9 ;YW, #/ <W5 &lN. 3" m1_
!9#2 42 ;JC, #/ GC5 {#/ 3" G4p
E]7(T _3 :4P, #/ (]5 &,#>I2 "#7
!9#'#, ;YW, #/ "(|5 "#Ic3 Ec
ENK •42 _3 ;Y= „"#e &= _A4e342 d"
!93_M ;Y= A4\ _3 &= _34e342 CD
3" #5 :_(Q2 &, "A (]5 ƒ+n 4J ƒ+'
!9#7 _3 :A4, #/ <W5 !(D 4J 9#7
G(= "9 4\ E$Y, #/ (]5 4$' G4$'
!9#J4e ;YW, #/ #+Y5 <74I' "('
B" !9#74e &2 A <IWQ5 <5 42 <= E."
!9#74e C\4, mSM "9 h#T &2 #/
:A" C,394>2 &= #'#. (/ "(n _3 ge#.
!93_M !3(/ CY2"9 &= _A" LM _3 <5

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17

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(317)
!9#]19 9(T &abK _3 A E7(K;5 i#e
!93_M L#$n A9 4J _3 A El]F GCY2
s34e t4' EJ9 &% E\CD <]NK 47#p
!9#ae3 L(% &Ž9#. &>539 <73 "9 &=
9(2 E7#n <742 BA94e A !9(2 *N5 <5
!9#2M {34T 479 <73 "9 9"AM !9M
•(. 01 A "(. ;7(V19 A ;2(p &7#\
!9#7 _3 Xe42 (/ :(= 4\ :3(J &2
X\A9 X5#D m13 Hn E19 t(1 42 XQI,
!9#a\3 93C, 9#7 4K9 q4. EY= &%
XT#Y], EVY5 €IJ 345 X|2 0=(=
!93_ ƒ1#p &% &2 ;aIK "9#5 _3 {" #7
-]F &,#|I5 "9 i(K &2 &lN. !C' #/
!9#2 h"#P5 &2 (, _3 ;+c C7M !9 4J
X\3H\ GC79 *5945 E19 L(T 9"(T ;5
!939 !945 &'(K4>n &2 89 34% &=
*'3 _ m1_ 4\ &2 ge#. G4$% <= h#)
!9#IY2 94P2 !9#59 RI\ <73 &, "A

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18

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(318)
!9"9 ;Y=;5 v9#7_ !9 4J A ;YI2;5 345
!9 4J 9(';5 v9#7_ ENI5 A EYI2;5 3" (/
:"39 4\ &% E,39;+, ;\4);+, E,#5#\ &2
!9"9 4>5 ;,39;+, ;'(=;+, E,#5"9 &2
:H74>2 A h#T 42 345 :"3f>2 &= <73 X\3 G3" &,
!94K XJ" h#T #/ B4) !_#2 A "M :"3fK
EJ !9 LM A h#T "9 HV2 <539 _3 Xa\9 !"3C,
!94K XY539 94K &2 :94K L3A" E=#T 42 &=
;= #/ ;J9;5 !9 E59 Xl]F Ec _3 Xe"A4e
!9"AM42 ;7(K;+, :9"AM42 <5 _3 "#59
EaQn;5 _#2 Xb1_ _ ;W7"#/ &2 3" 89 ;P'
!9"(T;5 _#2 ;1oJ ;5#n A !C79;5 XT"
X7(QIK {#/ "9 C' A G#K#, v42 "9 !CI]=
!94= 3Ce 89 A L#n A 3" 01 XP1 42 !9#$,
G9;5 L#n EjT (K A42 ge#. #2 i#2;5 i(T (/
!94\ !9 EjT _3 h#2 &% EYI2;5 (/ _3 ;54K (%

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19

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(319)
!94= L3C," 0Jf5 :A4I) #J8#\
!94= L3C,_ &2 Z4. 94T :(ae &2 #/
G3" !942 9(T &2 &, #lYF 8HY54\ &2 <5
!94= L#+IN\ „45 #2 &N.45 <73 ƒxD
L3A" }YK :3 <We E]7" 89 42 :3&7#\
!94= L347A (/ :39(\ &2 &,#T <73 <5 &=
L(Y= A ;D#\ 01 E\(P, &= !94= &2(/
!94= L39#, &2 i(K 34% &= 01 !HK;5
<5 &= !#= 0Nx2 v9#F C5M qoT "9
!94= L#]74) m1_ LM _3 XI?+n 0Q=
X\(/ A <5 X\9 &2 &, ;aQ5 A :"(aQ5 6l,
!94= LM <W2 XbK 8_3 L#xN\ &% LM
ƒ+p BA94e XYn 8_3 mx1 _3 !"39
!94= L3A34e &,#|I5 ;,#2"9 &% 4K
XT3(Y2 m\(7 XP[S !4\ &,34I) &= <73
!94= L3H.3 &PN= "9 &= XQ74PS 4n3
ge#. L(% ;PNp X5o\ A :HIT OPS
!94= LM4D X1A9 _3 &+J !94= &% 4J
0VF &% EYI],"CS 8Hc L3(79 &2 4K
!94= L3(79 0.#S ;KCY2 #J8#\

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

20

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(320)
!9_;5 {3(T G" *'3 RI\ &2 0]79
!9_;5 {M 42 (/ •T 9#7 &2 ;]l,
&aT(\ &D4T A 4r, "9 "#7 :A423
!9_;5 {34[5 &'(K 9#7 &2 ;5#n
XQV2 <|\ d#' 4\ H= 4We „45 4J
!9_;5 {34•5 &2 (/ G4p _ i_#2
9(+,;5 G(Nn !4r, "9 "#>, :A"
!9_;5 {#a$5 d" 42 &\(2 "A9 _A
uY% 8(D &2 E'(K A ;D#\ :A" &2 E+]%
!9_;5 {#2 <73 "9 i(K A E]% &2 ;1#e
!C[PS XDA #/ (/ :A" 8#IT 6l,
!9_;5 {3(T;2 GC79 G#K"#= 42
Xe4K;5 &\#= E1Hc <73 v(S &2 ;D#\
!9_;5 {#, ;5 A 9A4\ <73 EabK;5
!#= A 9345 8#e A ge#. XDA 9(2 i(T
!9_;5 {#P.3 X1A9 A 4+F !#, 42

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21

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(321)
!C' L3(/#, A 89 &aQT A 4I) CY% 4J
!C' L3(n !94= (/ :A" 9#7 &= &K 4J
3CT _3 !94= 0Np &% 4J &= 3CT 4W'
!C' L345#= 9(T X+J :#$aY5 42
<5 &= "(|2 X1A9 42 L3(n <PNK :3
!C' L#$n „#2 RPN2 (/ &7#\ "9
9(P, 4PT !9(nA s(e A X[/ _ 8A3
!C' L39 &aW, <IY% (/ Ec 0aW5 "9
CY=;5 v#234T &2 Ea13(. X+QD
!C' L#Y% LM A !C' <IY% <7#= CY% 4J
C' G9(]K ;Y?5 "9 E19 42 _A" LM
!C' L#‹5 4I) &K"9 L#Y=#\ H=
X|2 X|/ &2 C54\ X1A9 G34J#' "9
!C' L#a\A9 89 !#= &2 ;5 !#n #2
CI\" <5 &2 X+]% &Yae &= L#5_ LM _3
!C' L#5_4TM &Yae 4' _ <+73
X\#eA;2 "#7 EI, G#5 A 8#\ 4I) <5
!C' LM _3 4I) 9"fK;5 4+F (% <5 42
#re#. &= X7#YF 939 C7(, E'A9
!C' L#+‰ XJ#YK (bF &2 <5 &= M_#2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

22

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(322)
!CI]= GC79 G#K"#= "9 (/ 6l, 8#IT
!CIY], A !C7C, :"#>, (/ v"(S &2
E1#+' 9#2 L#Y?+J XPNp "9 &% 4K3
!CI\4, Xa5#D L#534T A4\ 94K &2
EaQP, 4+F _A" &2 Xb1_ 0' "9 CI53
!C74P2 89 !#= _ X,#J9 "A9 &2 ƒ+p
!C,#]e &= #JG4xD &% X'(, &+]% s(' &2
!C74T &= #JG(]F &% X'A4e G9#2 R?1 _
:9#]K &= #J 4I/ &% E]7" 89 42 GH+c _
!CI]= &= #J"#2 &% X7(= 4\ 42 &jc _
:"#Pc OPS EIQ, :3 "#I2 "#7 :(= _
!CIY' {34/ LM _3 67" 89 L(T :(2 &=
G3(|19 L94K A 9(2 (/ G#I\ E]% G#YK
!CI542 ;59M _ ;].A :(JM (% <5 &=
;+IQ, X'fK A3 :(= _3 !4\ 42 &‚Yc (%
!C7"C2 A3 :(2 &2 <I,(T 89 42 G94) &=
ge#. GC79 "(, A CYK(\ (/ :#) h#T &2
!C7C, GC79 „34% _3 „A4e (/ d" ;2 &=

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23

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(323)
!"#2 47_ 9(T &/(= X\9 _
!"#Q54' L3CYN2k#2 _3 &=
X\9 !94IK ;7(5 4IV,_ 4>5
!"M42 ;73CI' &2 4\ &, 4KA
LA94K z#‰A3 B4ˆ2 <5 E]% _
!"#+';5 4aT3 _A" #/ 0' &=
!#n 01 E\(2;5 &,34W' <7C2
!"#K_A" _3" _ &KM 94= &=
L#'A4e ;5 :#F9 EabK 4K3
!"3HK;5 X+?, -. C'#2 &%
4W' ;Q2 !"39 9(T :A_#2 _3 <5
!"3C, :"3_M !945 "A_ &=
<WI1 XQ5 ge#. (% !"39 :4\
!"3ACI53 :4\ LM mx1 &2

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24

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(324)
!"#= "9 ;J4K 6b1_ _ 9#ae3 &% 4K
!"39;5 654= _3 9#]K E]% L#Y‚+J
!#n (% &= E7A" ;T4\ <W5 R+. {4p &2
!"#QT" _3 CJ9;5 LA42 `WF 89 L(T
942 CJ3(T LA42 X\9 _3 E24x5 G94)
!"#2 C'#P, G94) <73 "9 &= L3_ 4K3 GM
0' &+J 0' !3GC' 89 !4. L#P\#)
!"3f>, A3 &]7C,3 Hn G94) <73 "9 #/
<|\ L(Qe3 &2 &= 4.#\ 4F#' LM EY5
!"#2;5 4W' A CYD &+J *N= ;, _3
{3(T "9 C' A3 &,#Qe3 &2 X|2 GC79
!"3CI2 CY= &= X7#YF _ ;+IQ, (=
C79 !"#7;+, "#7 :3 "fK "9 3" (/ L(%
!"#7 #2 ;Y|\ C7(>2 &= E7(K &= #2
#7" A X\3 :A" &+J ge#. &= XbK;5 iA9
!"3_#2 9(2 &= #2 i"9 h#T _3 HV2

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25

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(325)
!"#>, :#) m= h#T CJ9 X\9 4K
!"#>Y2 :"#Pc •T 4j2 t(1 42
X\3 CI53 A s4c !C' (/ "#Y= :(2 42
!"#Y= &2 C,#\" &= EW'4\ y(5 _3
L#n 0Np "9 !C\" 4K A3 &,3A4)
!"#ˆQ2 L#n ;59 &2 !9 L#+J ƒ+' L(%
67C,3 A <5 :#eA _ 4\ 6W5 _A453
!"M42 X\9 #F9 &2 Ec _3 <5 &= 0' L3_
s#]F :"3C19 &2 (/ G#I\ <Ib1_
!"34D C,94P2 A :"34D C,939
"AM <5 &2 ;+IQ, G9#2 LM _3 9#2 :3
!"#+T ƒe9 9(2 6|2#b' :(2 L#=
:"#IF X\A9 C$Y, 3" E19 0ND 4K
!"#+' GC79 _3 659 "9 L3A" Cl, <5
<5 _3 `) &= ;=#T <5 _3 L#]b5 <539
!"#Pc 9#2 942 &= C,3(a, "9 <7_
X\3 H7HF L#n 345 (% 6N?1 01 ge#.
!"M 01 &2 3" L#n &= &r[1 LM 9(2 :4+F

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26

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(326)
!"39 i(T ;+YS v4]F &,#|,#$, "9
!"39 6/M "9 R?, 6T" A m1_ 4\ H=
CYN2 _3AM &2 G"3(|I5 A !C," A -'#F
!"39 i(74) "(. LM _3 0jY5 &+J <7A
:"39 L#5#\ A 4\ ;2 345 X\9 <7_ (/ 4K
!"39 i(]5 m1_ v4[\ GM &2 <5
X\A9 :"#>,_ •T C7#]K G4$% <IY% 4K
!"39 6lY5 &2#,(T &2 9"_ d" <5
9_ ;J3(T ;5CD L3C," &,#'#= &2 4K
!"39 6c;2 ;5 A <74W' 4?' Rl,
<5 &= m1_ <\" A "#I2 GH+c hA#,
!"39 6=o2 tA4V5 89 #2 #JuYn
X\3 "fK "9 L#$n :9#' A Ec L(% #re#.
!"39 i(T 9(T 4p#T <5 &= X\3 LM 4a$2

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27

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(327)
!"39 LC2 "9 L#n #/ &= L#,#n #2 XQ7C$F 345
!"39 <a]7(T L#n (% 3" 67(= L3"393(J
E7(n R>% ƒ+' LM _3 4p#T v(NT :#bS
!"39 <aT G#5 LM _3 89 "(, A E]% „A4e
RS#. ;/(NT !"39 (% 89 :A_"M A !#= &2
!"39 <+V,3 L#I5 L#7(KC2 •PT _3 4We &%
iCD &7#\ "C,#= XQJ :A4\ &,#T "9 345
!"39 <+% 9#]+' A ;,#aQ2 A4\ _3 „34e
C,_#\ <I+= 89 CjD &2 L#2(T _3 4W]1 CS !4K
!"39 <W'4W]1 ;a2 &Y+13 A @3 C+[2
;,#+IN\ qk E,_ 6N?1 E/#T H= 9H\
!"39 <54J3 _3 h#2 &% C'#2 E+rF3 E\3 (%
&,#|I5 _ EPIF <W5 &,3_4e 4I) :3 k3
!"39 <W' L#+I) ;19 &,#+I) h4/ "9 <5 &=
&, EJ 42 GC79 ;,#5_ 0]53 0ID" :3 3" 3CT
!"39 <|\ CS ;,#$, 6'(5#T R?1 #2 <5 &=
@3C+[2 E,#534T 61#PD3 "3HNK "9 (%
!"39 L4aQ, •42 &, <74Q, A &1k RI5 &,
<WI1 L#5C+J L#I5 ge#. C' G4$' :C," &2
!"39 <Q. <7C13 !3(D E1#F "9 &= !"39 Ec &%

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28

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(328)
!"fK 4p#F 4p#T LM 42 &= E'#2 &= <5
!4\ y#/ v"9 h#T :3 ;Y=;5 #Jmx1
(>2 XT(5M &= X7_3(, GCY2 34P19
!4P, HK4J (/ L#PID" &2 <~ <73 <5 &=
BCD 47#p :3 <= G3" &D"C2 Ea+J
!4b\(, <5 A Cjl5 G" X\3 _3"9 &=
L#\42 <5 ;KCY2 :4[\ EIQ, :3
!4[\ :#F9 XDA <W5 i(534e &=
"#2 !CY242 &N.45 <73 H= _A" LM !4T
!4PT L#lIe" CY\4) (/ :(= 4\ _3 A
RSA 4J(K 0Np "9 4K3 C7#' #re#.
!"(T &p(c A3 "9 A *'3 _3 EY= #7"9 GC79
(>2 4IK L#$n A X\3 CYN2 Er, &7#)
!4$K4) L#J9 4[2 &'9#) CY= #/

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

29

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(329)
!42342 R7#+. 9#$, 4[\ 3_(n
!"(T;5 CYK(\ A EJ#' !oc ;Y?7
_#\"#= X|2 9C5 _3 &= #I2 ;D#\
!4QI5 C' 3CT _ Ea\3(T &= ;5#=
G#' :A" :9#' &2 _#2 &= GC2 ;5#n
!4\ "9 XQI,3(n :3(J 4\ &,34I)
<5 &= 4•T 8k_ mSA &2 LH5 EJ3"
!4Ž(= •(. 6= &F4n G#' !#n _3
R•e 474\ E,#\" i4F &2 4K3 #J#'
!"9 <73 <IWQ5 A E2#Yn <73 h(N+5
8#\ "3HJ !9(2 (/ !H2 i(, &F4n <5
!4K(T ƒPp CY= 9"(|2M h4/ ;=
•7C. <73 GCY2 _3 CY=;+, v"A#2 "A
!"A#I2 ;NI19 8#+= &abK _3
4$5 (/ _3 !"3942 A (/ _3 89 EY=42 4K
!42 #V= 89 LM EYWe3 &= 42 4$5 LM
<5 _4. XQ7_#c 4br5 <2 "(jY5
!4br5 3CF3 42 !#, &aQVT <73 _3 A
9(2 G#' -]F #2 &+J <5 XQ13 C$F
!"f>2 C$F <7C2 4+F G34J#' _3 A
G#' !#, &2 #74Ž Er, 94= (% LA94K
!4a+= &= _3 EYW, 34% "9 Er, <5
G#' X\9 _ !CI]% &+?p (% XbS <IJ#'
!4/(P= CIS &2 v#ba13 C'#2 ;=
9(' "3 994K E= &% 4IK4I' G#' :3
http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

30

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

!4QI5 Xc34e *N5 (/ &7#\ "9
9#]K 89 *N5 CS (/ tC5 <+7 &2 !4?'
!"(Y|\ L#2_ X\(/ …I/ &= ;7(K
OPS 9#2 (% Ea'f>2 4K3 ;Y]NK 42
!42(YS s(' &, A 9(2 A4\ -]F ;,
(/ :A" 9#7 42 A !CIY';5 (/ :(2
!4c#\ A9 *7 {4p L#ID#\ C,939
XQI, GCY2 ƒ‰A 0YF A9 *7 {M &2 ;aQ5
!"A4) v#234T 4I) G9"(|1#\ <5
XQIQ2 :"A39 EWNe 4aT3 4I\ #2
!"A#7 &jD <73 "9 9#2 G#' q#j,3
G#K"#2 yA3 <73 "9 _#2 &= 3CT 4W'
!4ˆ$' XIS 9(Y';5 i4F BAA#p
9#2 ([5 s#]F &,#T"#= _ E5#,
!4>79 R‹' 9(2 (/ XP[5 Hn 4K
<5 A 94= &N+. E19 CIS &2 C\k3 RP'
!4bY•c "#W' &,4KA !4ck 4K
4a]I2 G"U _3 (/ :A" L#l'#F :3
!4a+= G"U H= (/ RSA &2 E\" ;= <5
XQI= (/ d" <Q. 4WY5 &= <5 &2 #+Y2
!"AM42 v4Ic *1HK &2 i3GC79 #/
XYxN\ CI'"(T &7#\ 9#ae <5 42
!"A#T CI'"(T _ X\3 Xc34e L(Y=3 A
X\3 :HI/"3_#2 &N5#?5 <73 _3 9(jl5
!4T;5 G(]F ;, A E'A4e;5 G(Nn ;,
http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

31

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(330)
!4[\ v(NT ƒ+' <5 A ;[PS (‚+J (/
!4ˆ\;+J L(% &= <I2 L#n A <= ;+QP/
X\(/ 6=4\ m1_ „39 <5 89 "9 &= <IY%
!"fK"9 (% Ea24/ 9(' "3_ &]bY2
E]% "9 !3G9#]K v9345 L#a\M 42
!4r, _3 :CYWe 9(T ;YWe 4r, *7 &=
@3 h#bF Ec RIT :3 X+7(K 4W' &%
!4\ _ :A";+, 4TM ;Q=;2 _A" &=
;19 G#I\ #2 &= E+]% !945 !oc
!4+' 89 9"9 (% 9"#P2 G4xD "3HJ
<WI1 CY=;5 G(Nn #5 X2 4r, 4J &2
!4>,;+J <5 &= CYIP, &+'4= <73 `=
9#2 L(% 9"f>2 "#7 4K3 ge#. h#T &2
!"C2 <b= #Y>Y/ LM 89 "9 s(' _

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32

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(331)
!4I>, 6a\9 C]= 4K E‹I/ &2
!47f) XY5 C,_ !4I/ 4KA
4I/ LH2 (K 3" X7A423 L#+=
!4I+2 X7A_#2 A X\9 6I) &=
9"M"9 E7#) _3 4K ;aIK Ec
!4I>a\9 C'#2 &= 4c#\ HV2
CI53 OPS {#aeM :3 :M42
!4I\3 L34VJ 0' X\9 "9 &=
v#234T 4I) :3 B" !9#74e &2
!4I) &= <= E,3(n &F4n *7 &2
CYK(\ iA9 !9"(T (/ :(QIK &2
!4I>, 42 4\ (/ :#) _3 <5 &=
ge#. (/ 3(l/ &D4T <73 _(Q2
!4I>, :A "9 !(' 6/M 4K &=

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33

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(332)
!4I/ GH+c h(, _ 89 42 LH5
!4I+2 v"#+I2 E]% 6I) &=
X\3 8#+= C. "9 <Q. {#j,
!4Ile A <IWQ5 &= G9 E/#=_
;P74e CJ3_ :3 ;= #/ Lobp (%
!4I' A C$' A L#a\(2 0I\ &2
X\A9 _3 &YI\ :#•e C' 4) L#Y%
!4I+‰ _3 C' EK 67(T 4We &=
-]F X1A9 "9 <5 &= <= 4) tCD
!4I) &% 4K E,#$n X|2 L3(n
L#'A4e ;5 #2 !3&aQ2 :"34D
!4I>, 4c#\ HV2 Ec _A" &=
;5 A {4x5 {#Q. Hn 39#P5
!4I29 *N= C]= ;]l, 4K3
C\4ˆ, 3" `= `= &= #c(c <73 "9
!47f) XY5 L#‹5 4I) _3 <5
;aQ5 :#Y‹a\3 H= !9 LM #'(T
!47_A A G#' _3 C'#2 Xc34e
G#K4[\ A !#' 4J &= Ec45 LM <5
!4IbS C7M;5 i4F !#2 _
!"39 &YI\ "9 A3 }YK ge#. (%
!4Il. CYI2 ;FC5 &% 4K3

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34

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(333)
!_#cM &74K (% L#P74c !#' _#+,
!_394) &jD &,#P74c :#J&7(5 &2
"3_ E74>2 L#Y% LM "#79 A "#7 9#7 &2
!_3C,342 4b\ E\" A G" L#$n _3 &=
074c 9o2 _3 &, EPIP. "#79 _3 <5
!_#2 L#\" 9(T L#lIe" &2 #Y+I$5
<5 #/ G" -Ie" :3 :9C5 3" :3CT
!_34e342 ENF 4>79 GCWI5 :(= &2
94IK42 {#Q. ;= <5 :4I) _ 94T
!_#2;5 -]F Rbp ;+YS #2 _#2 &=
`= C\#Y';+, E1#+' A #PS HV2
!_#Q59 XQI, 9#2 HV2 &= <5 H7HF
X\#5 ;,#KC,_ {M "#7 8HY5 :3(J
!_34I' h#T _ ;+IQ, "#I2 #PS
:A" &2 :A" Xb>2 EPIF A C5M EW'4\
!_#+c XQI>,#T EY= &= _3 X7#W'
XbK;5 !C[PS &= !CIY' G4J_ uY% _
!_3AM i(T &V$1 i(T ge#. !oc

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35

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(334)
!_#2 (/ <Ib1_ 4\ "9 C\" X\9 4K
!_#2 (/ L#K(% &2 &= #J4\ &% :(K L(%
XQI, ;1A X\3 _3"9 4+F 345 (/ m1_
!_3"9 4+F LM _3 ;7(5 4\ X\9 "9
0]53 &= ƒ+' :3 GC2 X.3" &,3A4)
!_3CK ƒ+' L(% (/ 6I) 89 6/M _3
;.34S (% L#n EJ9 GCYT *7 &2 &= !9 LM
!_#+, C,"3HK &= EJ3(T (/ L#aQ5
:_#+, G9(1M <5 _#+, XQI, L(%
!_3CK A _(\ 9(], E= L3_ GCWI5 "9
C7M 4K3 X1#IT &,#|I5 A CVQ5 "9
!_#\ (/ :A423 A9 _ &‚,#+= A {34[5
:_A4b2 d" _3 ;P' 3" #5 v(NT 4K
!_34b2 4\ L#$n s#eM 42 OPS L(%
G3" <73 "9 "#= XPD#F 9(2 9(+[5
!_#73 :39(\ 4\ "9 9A42 4\ 4K
"A9 <73 "9 &= E7(>2 &= #2 89 Ec ge#.
!_3" !4[5 9(2 &= C7#], !#n Hn

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36

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(335)
!_#2 Cae3 "fK 4K L#‹5 v#234T "9
!_#2"9 L3A" G9#V\ A &D4T RS#.
E,_ 9#J_ (% _A453 4K &2(/ &lN.
!_#2 "9 CYW, 394e GCWI5 L_#T
;1#2 „34e X\9 CJ9 &,3A4) (% "A
!_3A4) 9(P, ;?+' •"#F L3C2 Hn
"(jD <IF 9(2 &= EJ3(|, "(. XP[S
!_394) :4K9 #2 4K3 (/ 8#IT #2
L#$Y) :C,#+2 &YI\ "9 (/ :39(\ 4\
!_3" :94>, i#e 4K3 <5394/ E]%
Ea]K ;73(J h#T `bD _3 L#\ „45
!_#P$' CY= CIS 4>5 &= ;73(J &2
E19 !#= ;JC, :"#Y= &2 "3 uY% (‚+J
!_3(Y2 ;Qb, *7 ;, (% 67(T 01 _3
`= #2 E7(>, &a]K L(T 89 :34n#5
!_#Q59 ;Q= XQI, X+c …I/ Hn &= L3_
C'#2 ge#. </ 42 :4\ :(5 4J &2 4K
!_3C,3 X5CD "9 3" &+J Xb1_ (‚+J

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37

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(336)
!HIT42 L#n 4\ H= (= (/ RSA G9Œ5
!HIT42 L#$n !39 _3 A E\CD 47#p
;,3(T E]7(T GCY2 4K &= (/ :kA &2
!HIT42 L#W5 A L(= ;>n3(T 4\ _3
;,3"#2 L#\42 X73CJ 423 _3 {" #7
!HIT42 L#I5 _ :94K (% &= L3_ 4a]I)
<I]Y2 {4x5 A ;5 #2 <5 X24/ 4\ 42
!HIT42 L#Y= ^D" C[1 _ X7(2 &2 #/
v#=4. <74I' X2 :3 #+Y2 k#2 A HIT
!HIT42 L#]e X\9 L#$n A L#n 4\ H=
6= E'(cM "9 uY/ ;P' (/ !4I) &% 4K
!HIT42 L3(n (/ "#Y= _ &K4[\ #/
GC2 "3C79 XN$5 ;Qb, EK45 _A"
!HIT42 L#$n A L#n 4\ _ ge#. (% #/

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

38

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(337)
E'#2 9(T "#79 !HF ;) "9 &, 34%
E'#2 9(T "#7 :(= 4\ h#T &, 34%
E2#/;+, 42 (% X24c A ;P74c Ec
E'#2 9(T "#74$' A !A" 9(T 4$' &2
!(' 8#SA G94)34\ L#54[5 _
E'#2 9(T "#KC,A3CT L#KCY2 _
;1A3 LM :"#2 X\3CI) &, 4+F "#= (%
E'#2 9(T "#>, 6I) &?D3A _A" &=
L#5#\;2 "#= A {3(T L34K X|2 X\9 _
E'#2 9(T "39_3" :3&NK 9(2 !4K
9(2 :C," A ;l'#F <5 &]I) &]I+J
E'#2 9(T "#= 8(‹]5 A E'(W2 4K9
ge#. 9(' L(+YJ" 8_3 mx1 &= 9(2
E'#2 9(T "#Q54' C23 &2 #/ &,4KA

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

39

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(338)
E]W19 :(5 A i(T :A" "3Ca\A9 <5
E]c;2 q#S ;5 A XQ5 E]% i(JC5
(>2 <|\ *7 8_3 C$F 4\ _ ;abK
E]="9 &,#+I) A9 &= X+7(>2 &K LM
4b\ <73 "9 #53 EIa]$2 !9M <5
E'A &5 L#,3(n -]F 4I\3 ;1#.
_(\ A _#\ _ C'#P, 47HK ;l'#F "9
E]/M _ L#\4a5 ƒ+' (% !3G9#a\3
<Q. L#= A X\3 R?1 01 LC?5 _34I'
E'(]5 3473 EQNb5 :4J(n <5
!3GC79 4$' <73 "9 XQ5 E]% &= `2 _3
E'(T4\ A L(Y=3 !"(T;+, ;5 &= #l.
X$n 6' _ L3"(. &+'4= 4) XQ74$'
E]' 4J "3C74T &, "A XQI, E7HI%
X\A9 :(\ XT" E]= &= CJ9 9C5 "3 X|2
E'4b5 _ C,#]e 94K "(. :(QIK
X\A_"M G(Nn 345 ƒPp BA4F ge#.
E]=;5 GM LM _3 !"3C, :3&YI7M

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40

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(339)
E]% <]NK &2 9"f>2 L(% (/ :A" 8#IT
E]% L_A" :(\ &2 C7M 4r, ;) _3 89
EYI2;+, :4rY5 X$K &IW/ :3H\
E]% <I?5 &'(K <73 A E1#F _ EY5
(/ !Cl5 "#‡, "9 4$K A R?1 &= #I2
E]% L_A" &2 E]=;5 89 &,#T }YK _
X'39 ;234T 4\ E,3A" *'4\ 4[\
E]% <539 Xe4K;5 4>n L(T &, !4K
XbK;5 89 (/ d" !C79 &= _A" XQ|,
E]% L94K &2 <5 L(T ;NNT C\" 4K3
iA9 0' 4[\ #/ (/ RSA G9Œ5 :(2 &2
E]% <'A" „34% !9#$, 9#2 G3" &2
3" ge#. CY59"9 89 &= ;5945 &2
E]% <We3 !945 _AC19 hA#, &2 LH5

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41

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(340)
E'(n "9 ;5 ET L(% 89 6/M _3 &= <5
E'(5#T A !"(T;5 L(T G9_ 01 42 4$5
L94= L#,#n 01 "9 ƒ+p X\3 L#n CjD
E'(=;5 L#n &2 "#= <73 "9 &= <I2 345 (/
!9 4J L(% 89 Ec _3 !(' 93_M ;= <5
E'(K "9 CY= &lN. ;a2 m1_ :ACYJ
67(T XF#p Cla?5 EI, &= @ i#.
E'(, ;5 ;.CD &K &K &= XQJ "CD <73
3Hn _A" ACF Ec4INF &= !CI53 XQJ
E'A9 42 &YK "#2 C$Y, i(bF wIe
XTA4b2 !CYK A9 &2 L3(‰" &‰A" !"C)
E'A4b, :(n &2 3" L#$n *N5 34% <5
XQI, :"39 <79 X7#c _3 <5 ;'() &D4T
E'();5 L#$, 0IF CS 4\ 42 :3G94)
ET sA3" _3 HV2 E'(Y, &= EJ3(T &= <5
E'(IY, L#‹5 4I) <|\ 4K EY= &%
-]F G" `NV5 {4x5 C,_ X\9 <73 _3 4K
E'(J _3 z#+\ XDA 94P2 ge#. 4?'

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42

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(341)
E]7C,3 L#IFC5 6,_4\ _3 <5 4K
E]I) _3 9A4, :C," A ;aQ5 G(I'
XQIJC2 ;J3" &aT(5M(, L3C," CJ_
E]7C,3 toS &% E,#$n !#,C2 &= <5
3" L#5#\;2 <5 L3(T L34\ GC7"(' G#'
E]I2 E1#F &+J _3 :94T E= "9 &= L3_
;1#T <5 89 L(T _3 <= 6l, <IPn 42
E]I=4e#= (/ L#24D &= CY,3C2 #/
3CT 4$2 "f>2 A #+Y2 :9#laF3
E]7A"9#, &% &= ;,3C, &D4T <73 "9 #/
L#\" "#7 L3C2 9#2 :3 <5 "#P,(T 4?'
E]I, 9_ L#n •" 42 &I\ L#KŒ5 _ &=
`= #2 !"#= &% &, "A !"(T G9#2 4K3 <5
E]7(T XDA q"#F A 9(T _3" ge#.

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43

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(342)
EY/ "#Pc 9(';5 L#n G4$% {#V.
EYWe42 G94) G4$% LM _3 &= ;59 #'(T
XQI,#[13 i(T <5 (% :3H\ &, `bD <IY%
EY+% LM „45 &= L3(‰" <]NK &2 !A"
Eae" #V= !C5M 34% &= C], L#IF
EYa]7(T "#= _ Re#c &= 9"9 A …7"9
BCD E1#F :#•e "9 EY= q(p &,(>%
EY/ CY2 &a|/ 0I=4/ &%34\ "9 &=
C7M;5 s(' :(2 E19 L(T _ 4K3
EYaT &e#, 9"C+J &= "3C5 0VF
ƒ+' L(% <IP5 E]="_ <J4I) _34p
EYJ4I) LA"9 ;,#$, X\#J_(\ &=
"3942 A3 6I) _ ge#. ;aQJ A #I2
EY5 &= <5 _ 9(Y], `= (/ 9(nA #2 &=

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44

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(343)
E,_;5 qk <5 &= Xe" 6I2 8#\ R%
EY5 <74a+= L#‹5 4I) L34=#% H=
iA4e ;5 4I) Xbp#F <+7 &2 HK4J
EY'A" q#S ;5 _ C], ;$/ 4c#\
_#P=#) L3C," X1A9 A -]F G#n _3
EYWQ5 9(2 #J&Pxj5 "CS &a\(I)
4P5 C2 <~ ;]=9"9 &2 <5 L#' "9
EY53C=#) ;1A &5#n X]K G9(N=
X\3 X1#. &% <73 E$'9#) X\9 _#P$'
EY+I], :3(J C,3G942 9#7 H=
`bD <73 "9 L(Y=3 <5 (% ;NPN2 X\3 mI.
EY\(\ (% 65#T &= {fF L#Q1 <73 #2
X\3 "A4) &Nb\ 0VF B"#e :3(J A {M
EY=42 h#T <73 _3 &+IT &= ;J4+J (=
;]= ;= &2 #/ tCD &D4T 47_ &2 ge#.
EYWe342 v"#= _ G94) &n3(T !H2 "9
R•e C7H7 <5 "9 &= &aQVT &],3"(/
E,94K s(p A3 0J3(5 XY5 C'

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45

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(344)
E,_;5 ;5#K _A" 4J 0Np "9 <5 #/ XQ74+F
E,_;5 ;5#, *I, "9 L#5_ 4J XF#b' X\9
9(T _A" E,3"f>2 #/ 9(T _A4e34$5 G#5 ;2
E,_;5 ;539 &2 ;c45 E$,;5 ;J3" &2 ;539
(= 4$5 A #eA 6l, (= 4$‚NK (= u,"A3
E,_;5 ;5#+/ A39 ;l'#F "C,3 <5 ;1#.
;$\ A4\ &7#\ _3 ;$KM E2#7 &= (2 #/
E,_;5 ;534T i(T 42 q4p 4J _3 -]F u,#PNK
89 !#= C]|P, E,39 89 !3"M L#= CY% 4J
E,_;5 ;53A9 8#e E]=;5 ;1#IT 6l,
3" &jD 9"M42 <I>," 3" &jc 9"M 4\ E,39
E,_;5 ;5#' A OPS 4J <5 &= L#]e3 L(T GM <73
EP7#/ ge#. (% ;5 _3 A EP7#c :A _3 &= LM #2
E,_;5 ;5#n G#K &K L#I,#.A" `NV5 "9

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46

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(345)
EY= &% <]NK A RK #2 L3A" A4\ :3 (/ ;2
EY= &% <\(\ •"#F E]= &% RPY\ m1_
X7A" !C7C, G3(TC2 &Y?p H= GM
EY= &% <JM _ :A" !3&Y7M L(% XQI,
4I>5 G94T L#]=9"9 42 A OS#, :3 A42
EY= &% <5 <73 CY=;5 "CD :#54e"#=
0Ic <+W5 _3 C$n;5 <IY% (% v4Ic s42
EY= &% <54T &aT(\ <5 &= #54b2 (/
XT3C,3 EJ#% &2 A C7CYQ) (% L#=4/ G#'
EY= &% <a+$/ mx1 9(], "3 4I>a\9
"(p 6/M CYW, ;c34% &2 4K :9C5
EY= &% <+73 :93A 0' G4I/ G"#%
X\3 <5 †A"(5 &,#T <742 CNT #re#.
EY= &% <+I], &,347A 8HY5 <73 "C,3

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47

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(346)
EY= 4c#\ A CJ#' h4/ &= !C," LM &, <5
EY= 4a+= #J"#= <73 <5 &= C,39 0Qa[5
#J"#2 E'#2 G94= L3"#= &2(/ 0IF &= <5
EY= 4K E'#2 &,3(79 RK XDA ;5 _3 &2(/
GCWI5 #7"9 A Z3(c <5 A X\&,39"9 -]F
EY=42 4\ #V= #/ #n LM "9 !942A4e 4\
-Qe !#, #5 42 A XQ5 `K4, A 4IK4c#\ &1k
EY= "A39 3" &= {" #7 ;Q2 !"39 :"A39
<5 {('M4$' h4/ :3 L#YF !9 *7 6=_#2
EY= 4J(K A "_4) XJ3" G4$% A *'3 _ #/
#J}YK !"39 *'3 R?1 A v(D#7 _3 &= <5
EY= 4aT3CYN2 CI'"(T wIe "9 4r, ;=
XQ' mx1 {M &2 3" RK &F(+V5 #PS L(%
EY= 4ae9 &[bS 42 4r, 4K L3(T E1CV=
"#PaF3 L3CY% XQI, 3" *Ne L#+I) A C$F
EY= 4c#\ #2 ‘4' !CY2 &,#+I) #2 C$F
X\9 &2 ;,#xN\ }YK ;73CK "9 !"39 &= <5
EY= "A4) LA9 LA94K i94K "9 ƒ+p ;=
Ea+J _3 9#2 !4' !4le 9(1M94K &% 4K
EY= 4/ <539 CI'"(T &+]% {M &2 4K
X\A9 mx1 9CYQ);5 6/M "9 4K 3" L#l'#F
EY= 4Ž(= &+]% "9 4r, 4K E+]% uY/
;1A 3" ge#. 939;5 :3G(]F 6N?1 iA9
EY= "A#2 #J&,#Qe3 <73 :A H= E,M &, <5

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48

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(347)
EY= 4I2C/ &% (/ -]F Ec #2 #+YS
EY= 4I>P' &1#, (/ Ec "9 ;= &2 #/
9(Y' X[Ij, &= C' LM _3 &,3(79 89
EY= 4IV,_ (/ m1_ 4\ _ EJ i4>5
v#$IJ !CI]= (/ 4VJ vC5 "9 &% LM
EY= 474[/ &= X\3 8#[5 &5#, ;W7 "9
9(T ;,#]74) z(+V5 (/ m1_ 4\ #2
EY= 474l/ &+J 4\34\ &= ;1#V5 (=
C'#2 E,#n LC79 :A_4= L#5_ LM
EY= 47(j/ (/ {(T d" 6l, 4r, "9
CJ9 X\9 <7C2 (/ 8#SA &= E,3C2 4K
EY= 4Ie(/ A !_#2"9 &+J 3" 89 A <79
:(>5 G9($I2 A gF3A :3 !42 _3 (' "A9
EY= 47AH/ &2 i(K 4K9 &= E,M &, <5
ge#. 9#Qe _ ;.oS CI53 XQI,
EY= 4I2C/ &% X\3 <IY% 47Cl/ &= L(%

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49

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(348)
EYWe 34[S &2 4PS A EY= #7"9 GC79
EYWe #7"9 &2 67(T 89 "#= <73 "C,3 A
;JM !"M42 "#W$YK uY/ 89 _3
EYWe 3(. A !9M &YK "C,3 6a=
X\#n LM "3C19 &= X\#n LM ;1C'(T &7#5
EYWe #n LM 4>5 3" 9(T &= C$n EY=;5
Go=CI'"(T &5 :3 #PD CY2 #]>2
EYWe #) "9 G9_39(\ 4\ Xb1_ (% #/
XQ54\ #/ GC2 G9#2 *Ne 4I/ !3G9"(T
EYWe 3_(n 6=4/ 4+= CY2"9 GClF
E,#]e3 L3A" X|/ <73 42 !#n &F4n
EYWe #YI5 CPYK <73 "9 uY% R‹Nc
#xT A X\3 ($\ (% !#73 42 &IW/ #re#.
EYWe 394e &2 _A453 v4]F 34% <5

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

50

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(349)
EY= LA4I2 4\ _ EabK 6T" :39(\ iA9
EY= L(YV5 <73 4I2C/ #/ 4IV,_ (= XbK
E]T &2 <5 _3 CI]= 4\ EabK A4\ 3" 6a5#D
EY= L(% !"#>, CV,";5 X\3" _3 L#a\A9
"39 "Af?5 34P19 EabK GCIVY\#, &aW,
EY= LA_(5 3" ƒPp <5 #/ :#54e :3G(]F
G#YK;2 h_#, ƒPp L3_ E]=;5 ;7A"9"_
EY= L(>NK 3" G4$% #/ GC2 ;5#n #ID#\
;= &2 #/ 3" 3CT ;NI1 8HY5 EIQ, :3
EY= L([In 3" 8op3 E,_ EJ42 3" ƒ2"
X\A9 L#7#);2 <Q. }YK &2 !942 G" &= <5
EY= LA"#D <73 _3 C?2 3" 9(T (‚+J :3CK CS
<= 9#7 ge#. GCY2 _3 L34D 0.#S &5 :3
EY= LAHe3_A" <Q. LM X1A9 :#F9 #/

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

51

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(350)
EY= G"#|a\3 EabK 4[\ &2(/ !HF &2
EY= G"#% &% C\";5 <W' &2(/ "#$2
C79 E,3(/;+, E7(>2 X\"9 <|\
EY= G"#r, <5 A L#b74. C,"(T ;5 &=
G#' `NV5 9#7 &2 L3CYT 01 #2 &‚Yc (%
EY= G"#) &5#n s(' _3 A !4IK &1#I)
CIY= yoF 345 „#59 &1k "A9 &2
EY= G"#Y= {4p !H2 &,#I5 _3 4K
XbW' 9345 RK L(% 345 X\A9 :A" _
EY= G"#T uY\ &2 <+'9 4\ &13(.
<I2 ;aQ5 XDA *I1 !3GCWI5 :3CK
EY= G"#a\ 42 EW. A *Ne 42 _#, &=
:HIJ4) &+l1 E\" A G" XQI, &= 345
EY= G"3(|234' C," X5o5 34%
;,#xN\ (% ;a2 E,#]Y2 RK X|/ &2
EY= G"#7 A s(p _#\ 6Y+\ A RPY\ _
ge#. C' 8(N5 L#$Y) L9"(T G9#2 _
EY= G"#W'M i_3" ;, A •242 u,#2 &2

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52

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(351)
EY= ;5 h4/ RK E\(5 &2 <5 &= #'#.
EY= ;= "#= <73 E,_;5 RlF qk <5
ENF A CJ_ 8(j[5 &+J #/ X\#V= {4x5
EY= ;, _3AM A •242 A uY% "#= "9
Xe4K E19 ;1#. &\"C5 8#D A RID _3
EY= ;5 A s(]?5 X5CT HI, CY% *7
"#I2 ;5 !#n #eA &,#5_ "9 9(2 ;=
EY= ;= BAA#= A En X7#W. <5 #/
4]. _A" &= E\4a, G#I\ &5#, _3
EY= ;p &5#, <73 _3 CS A3 mx1 wIe #2
s34e 0' :#J&NK #/ OPS *I) (=
EY= ;) GCYT4e ƒ1#p &aQVT LM #2
X\A9 94ˆ\ ge#. &2 &= X7"#F L#n <73
EY= :A EINQ/ A EYIP2 6T" :_A"

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

53

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(352)
EY=;5 X5CT &,#|I5 "9 &= C' :"#K_A"
EY=;5 X1A9 RJ3 "#= 4le B#P1 "9
!34T i(T :A"f/ !"M RSA !39 "C,3 ;= #/
EY=;5 XS4e XDA "#ra,3 A EYI+= "9
<|\ <7#= (Y]2 CIY], -. :(2 #5 gF3A
EY=;5 XPIc &, E7(K;5 HI, i"(•. "9
X\A9 :(= #/ !A";5 L3HIT A L#ae3 #PS #2
EY=;5 X+J 93C+a\3 G" L#lIe" _3 A
<73 _3 6I2 C2#a,42 #5 X+._ X7(= h#T
EY=;5 X+._ mIb|/ #a2 :94= #Jmx1
X\o2 4I/ i3GH+c A G3" !39 4P19 m1_
EY=;5 X[Ij, XY7CY% &= 89 :3 "39 9#7
i() 0IF E74= :3 L#'(ˆ2 <I2C2 GC79
EY=;5 v(NT }Y= "9 <5 &= #J:4I19 <7_
;Nb[5 "9 E]= :9"9 ;QNV5 "9 Ere#.
EY=;5 X?YS -NT #2 L(% &= ;T(' <73 4>Y2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

54

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(353)
EY=;+, 4c#\ A CJ#' -]F h4/ <5
EY=;+, 4>79 A !94= &2(/ "#2 CS
"(. A 4jD A ;2(p &7#\ A X]$2 „#2
EY=;+, 42342 X\A9 :(= h#T #2
X\3 v"#'3 *7 4r, RJ3 B"9 A <IlN/
EY=;+, "4W5 A ;a7#Y= EabK
345 4PT 9(T 4\ _ 9(';+, HK4J
EY=;+, 42 4\ GCWI5 L#I5 "9 #/
<= -]F h4/ A" &= XbK <?p &2 OS#,
EY=;+, "9342 XQI, uYn y#a[5
4$' L3CJ#' #2 &= !#+/ !33(l/ <73
EY=;+, 4PY5 4\ 42 &+'4= A _#,
X\3 X1A9 :#n L#‹5 4I) {#Yn ge#.
EY=;+, "9 <73 ;\(2 h#T h4/ <5

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

55

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(354)
EY79 "9 &YT" L3"3HJ :94= &I\ L#KŒ5 &2
EYI%42 9"9 L3"3HJ v"#+I2 E]% H= #I2
9#7 _3 Xe42 X,3"#7 &= 89 <I]Y+J :3 k3
EYI]Y2 (/ 9#7 ;2 &= !9 LM 9#P5 :_A" 345
9#74e 6=9#J4e <73 _3 9#IY2;2 A X\3 4I) L#$n
EY74I' L#n _3 8(N5 6>,4I, A L(Qe3 94= &=
RK L(% s4F s4c !C' :"A9 6/M {#/ _
EYI% s4F L3_ ;+IQ, :4I>P' 9#2 :3 "#I2
;D#\ A CJ#' :3Ce ;D#2 A ;,#e L#$n
EYI2;5 -]F RIbp 3" E1#F ;,#xN\ &=
X\A3 E=#. X\A9 CY7HK :4Ic <5 :#n 42 4K3
EY7H>2 X\A9 :#n &2 L#n <5 4K3 9#2 E534.
HIT42 #ID#\ ;7#V= RPN2 9_ 4I|13 t#PS
EYI'A9 {3(T 8#IT 4\ "9 CY=;5 #c(c &=
<I?13"(. 4jD "9 !A" 4aQ2 _3 EJ XN." 0'
EYI1#2 ƒ+' ;'#2 (/ L939 L#n XDA "9 4K3
9#ae3 XPŽ &5#, <73 "9 &= :CY5A_"M •7C.
EYIlN/ 939 ge#. &= C'#2 •Nc;2 #,#+J

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

56

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(355)
EYI2;5 LM "9 XDA X[Nj5 #I1#.
EYI]Y2 i(T A &,#|I5 &2 XT" E]= &=
!(' "A9 #7" RJ3 _3 A !4IK ;5 !#n
EY7H>2 ;1C=#) L#$n RJ3 _3 ;Y?7
E7C, A "#7 9(P, E2#a= A ;.34S Hn
EYI2 E= L#$n &2 3" #c9 L#b74. #/
A4\ L(% !"M42 -NT _3 ;K93_M &2 4\
EYI%"9 L#$n _ <539 &= X\9 CJ9 4K
toS qk !9_ G9(1M &D4T "9 &= `2
EYI>," ;5 A ;D#\ d" _3 "#Q54'
v#$IJ A3 Ec "#2 A <5 uY/ &YI\
EYIWQ5 89 XQI, L34K "#2 <73 945
4$' CJ3_ 4K A E/#234T C," 4K3 <5
EY7_ 4a+= A ;YI2;+J &= EF#a5 <73
4P5 G3" _3 E19 !C$F mSM GCY2
EYI= CJ3(|2 d4% _3 E,_ !9 4K3 &=
CYQˆ5 #73CT X\#JEa\ 94K E19 42
EYI7M4$5 &YI7M 9(' "CW5 &=

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57

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(356)
EYI]Y2 "3C19 #2 &= 9HIT42 X\9 _3 !4K
EYI% RK 6IF „#2 _ E'(,;5 RSA !#n _
942 CJ3(|2 !9#IY2 _(\ ;e(S ŠN/ {34'
EY74I' L#n L#aQ2 A ;D#\ :3 &, 01 42 EP1
_A" #/ 0' &= 39(\ <73 "9 C' EJ3(T &,3(79 4>5
EYI2;5 {3(T "9 :4) E7(K;5 G#5 #2 <|\
L3"3(|I5 &2 ;5 X+]% A 939 L#aQ5 &2 4W' XP1
EY73 #2 &, E,M #2 &, L#54. X7#c H= EY5
X5#?,3 _3 942 ;•Ie 9"AM 9#2 &= ;=#T 4J (%
EY7479 "#>a5CT &= "AM 9#7 GCY2 8#. _
Cae3 47fˆ19 65o= 9_ ;+r, 6l, (= 4J &,
EYIJ#' X\3 hk#% &= !4IK <5 &e4p A"f/
B4) <I% 4>/"(S _3 A" :"39;+, "A#2 4K3
EYIW]5 *N= h(, _ CJ3(T;5 &|Q, ;,#5 &=
C'#2 ;Q= 4J "#= &, ;7(K -. A :"39#eA
EY7C13 A -[13 8on ;,#Ž mSM !oc
gF3A _3 &, (Y]2 <5 _ :C," A ;aQ5 _(5"
EY7A4) A G#5 E7C, !9 4J tCD A !#n #2 &=

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58

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(357)
EYI2;5 3CT "(, L#‹5 v#234T "9
EYI2;5 #V= _ :"(, &% &= <I2 0VF <73
(/ &= y#[13 *N5 :3 iA4b5 <5 42 G(Nn
EYI2;5 3CT &,#T <5 A ;YI2;5 &,#T
L94= ;7#]K &e#, L#a2 m1_ _3 EJ3(T
EYI2;5 #xT &= #,#+J X\3 "A9 4We
0' &1#, 4[\ GM L3A" *'3 89 _(\
EYI2;5 #+' mx1 4r, _3 &+J <73
8#IT G3" !C,_ ;]l, (/ :A" _3 !9 4J
EYI2;5 #J&% G94) <73 "9 &= E7(K &= #2
<I% &e#, A <aT *]5 _ X\GC7C, `=
EYI2;5 #PS 9#2 _3 4[\ 4J <5 &% LM
CIYW5 ge#. :_#24r, 0IF L#a\A9
EYI2;5 #+' L#P[5 _ 3" A3 <5 &=

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59

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(358)
EYI2;+, L34= 6‚IJ &= &,#5_ Ec
EYI2;+, L3(c"3 L(% ;5 Hn i3A9
XbK EJ3(|, L#‹5 4I) X5CT h4/ &2
EYI2;+, LM "9 9(T X[Nj5 &= 34%
4I>2 6IF z#b/"3 tCD {#aeM _
EYI2;+, L#Y% LM XDA ƒ1#p &= 34%
"39 9(T #2 XQIl'#F 3CT RJ3 L#],
EYI2;+, L#], <73 4$' Š7#]5 "9 &=
B(Qe3 "3HJ <5 L34I. GC79 A9 <7C2
EYI2;+, L#IF 67A" &Y7M A9 #2 &=
<5 GC79 "#P7(n _3 C]2 #/ (/ CD
EYI2;+, L3A" {M Hn A4\ :#n &2
C]|2;+, :3&F4n EQ= "#+T <73 "9
EYI2;+, L#I5 "9 ;19 RJ3 &= <IP2
EaQ2 A3 "9 89 &= 6,#I5 :(5 L#],
EYI2;+, L#I5 "9 9(T &= B4ˆ5 <5 _
#7"9 <73 "9 Hn &= ge#. &YIb\ A <5
EYI2;+, L#]e"9 <|\ XF#•2

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60

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(359)
!A42 L347A 8HY5 <73 H= _A" LM !4T
!A42 L#,#n ;) _3 A EPNp L#n X.3"
074c G3" 94P, ;7#n &2 &= E,39 &% 4K
!A42 L#]74) m1_ LM 4\ :(2 &2 <5
Xe4>2 "CYW\ L3C,_ X].A _3 E19
!A42 L#+IN\ *N5 #/ A !CY242 XT"
XD#p;2 89 A "#+I2 </ #2 #PS L(%
!A42 L#534T A4\ LM :"393(J &2
Xe" C7#2 !4\ &2 4K END (% A3 G" "9
!A42 L#74K GC79 A 6= ET_ 89 #2
:_A" E7M"9 &2 Ec <73 _3 4K !94= "f,
!A42 L3(T 8Hc A L39#' GCWI5 "9 #/
L#Y= ^D" XbS G"U A3 :"393(J &2
!A42 L#]T"9 CI'"(T &+]% 01 #/
XQI, L3"#2 L34K 83(.3 Ec 3" L#7_#/
!A42 L#\M A i(T #/ :9C5 L#7#\"#)
LA4I2 G" !4P, L#2#I2 _ ge#. (% "A
!A42 L3"A9 mSM &P=(= G4+J

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61

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(360)
!A" &,#T :(\ &2 L347A 8HY5 <73 _3 4K
!A" &,3_4e A RD#F !A" &= #n LM 4K9
E\"_#2 <pA &2 X5o\ &2 4K 4b\ <7_
!A" &,#|I5 &2 G3" _3 EJ &= !94= "f,
h(N\ A 4I\ <73 _3 C' Eb]= &% &= E7(>2 #/
!A" &,#+I) A •242 #2 &?5(S "9 &2
C,"(|2 L(T !4K -]F G" L#7#Y'M
!A" &,#>I2 :(\ X7#W' &2 4K EQ=#,
"#>, 4IV,_ (% m1_ A <5 X\9 <73 _3 C?2
!A" &,3(79 89 !#= ;) _3 CY% A CY%
_#2 6234[5 (% :A423 ET EYIP2 4K
!A" &,34W' ;) _3 A EY= 4W' GCV\
47_A :k(/ &2 ge#. (% &= !9 LM !4T
!A" &,#'#= &2 X\A9 #2 GCWI5 _3 i(T4\

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62

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(361)
EJ3" h#T (% 94= #bn 8#5#) &= LM
EJ3(T;5 65CD "fF A E\(2;5 h#T
#'#. E1#Y2 (/ "(n _ &= E,M &, <5
EJ3(|a1A9 4=#% A Cla?5 GCY2
_3"9 CI53 (/ :(QIK ET "9 !3&aQ2
EJ#/(= 0Np X\9 CY= &= 39#P5 LM
X\3 i(T :#n !3(/ :(= "9 A E=#T G"U
EJ#K#, 94P2 :9#2 &= X\A9 :3 E\4/
939 EYI2 L#$n !#n 4[\ &,#|I5 4I)
EJ#KM 94= (/ <Q. _3 &Y7M LM "C,3 A
<WI1 E\CD E1#F &?5(S ;e(S
EJ#>a13(. X\3 L#‹5 479 #I1#.
:M GCWI5 :(\ A HIT <I], G3" <5 #2
EJ#n 0.#S &% &= ;YIP2 &lN. LM "9 #/
9(P, &]7C,3 Xre#. _3 A ;a'f>2 XQ5
EJM 94I>2 (/ <Q. <539 4K3 GM
XbK;5 "A#T A4QT 4[\ &= C5M E'(T
EJ#],3"(/ GCY2 ;$'9#) &+J #2

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63

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(362)
EJ "#Y= A B(2 A 4QI5 C' "3C79
EJ "#K_A" _3 A !"39 4W' X|2 _3
X\3 <5 ƒ1#p 4K3 ƒ1#p &= A42 CJ3_
EJ "#>, m1_ A C'#2 X\9 &2 E5#n
EIY=;+, :C," A ;aQ5 &2 `= 0IF #5
EJ "3(>'(T ;5 A X\3 i(T L#a2 R?1
C,#+, 0Qa[5 X+J9 ;/"#]2 89 :3
EJ "#Q>I5 X2 A X\3 4) L#$n ;5 _3 A
XQI=47_ &, L939 &D4b/ X\9 &2 4p#T
EJ "#I2 ;.34S A G3(|2 :3&F(+V5
6P1 &F4n L#]e -]F L#I=#T 42
EJ "#PW]5 A 9(' L(K R?1 h#T #/
<I+= _3 :9(2 L34>, C2 E]% &= C' LM
EJ "#Y= _3 *'4\ A Xe42 L#I5 _3 EjT
C,3GC,_ (/ :(2 &2 &N+n v#,#= L(%
EJ "3C542 #5 _ &7#\ {#aeM :3
X\(/ <Q. wIe RK A &1k :A" {M L(%
EJ "#P2 ;=#T <5 42 mx1 423 :3
B4a2 3CT _3 C' (/ m1_ 4I\3 ge#.
EJ "3CaD3 En mSM q#ja,3 _3 A
6/"3_A X\9 _ &= <79 A *N5 L#J42
EJ "#Q7 #7"9 A C' <I+7 L#= !#73
OPS &2 L#+\M A3 "(,3 :3" 9#7 42
EJ "#‡, 0=3(= A 3Ce CY=;5 L#n
X\A3 8CF L#K(% G9(2" <I5_ :(K
http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

64

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

EJ "#j. ;NI, CPYK GCI]=42 <7A
9"AM 6PYn "9 (/ L#YF *P\ !HF
EJ "3C5 ;1#F H=45 "3C7#) <73
X\A3 "A9 "(p A *Ne &VIa, _3 #/
EJ "#$2 A L3HT A 8#\ A G#5 R7CP/
L3"A4\ _ 61on d#= 9#P5 ;1#T
EJ "3f?NK CDA4\ L#ID#\ _3 A

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65

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(363)
EJ HI, L#5"9 A X\3 "#7 _3 !9"9
EJ HI, L#n A C' A3 :3Ce 89
<Q. _ 4a'(T LM CY7(K;5 &= <73
EJ HI, LM A 9"39 <73 #5 "#7
#5 L(T CjD &2 (= LM 9#2 9#7
EJ HI, L#+I) A XQW]2 3" C$F
<|\ E7(K;5 G94) "9 L#a\A9
EJ HI, L#a\9 &2 C' CJ3(T &abK
RSA :#J0' X1A9 C5M 4\ L(%
EJ HI, L34VJ !#73 9"f>2
X\A3 :A" „A4e *7 E1#F A9 4J
EJ HI, L#$Y) A 3CI) X+abK
L#$n "#= 42 XQI, :9#+aF3
EJ HI, L394K LA94K 42 &WN2
"#I2 ;5 C\4a, ;‰#D _3 -'#F
EJ HI, L3(79 :(c47 _3 &WN2
X\3 -'#F ge#. &= C,39 0Qa[5
EJ HI, L#+IN\ *N5 mSM A

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66

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(364)
E73G939 X\9 _3 89 XQ5 L#+c ;2 #5
E73G9#2 !#n `bY+J A -]F _34+J
C,3GCI]= X5o5 L#+= ;Q2 #5 42
E73G9#]K L#,#n :A423 _ 9(T "#= #/
:3GCI]= ;.(PS „39 iA9 (/ RK :3
E73G93_ „39 #2 &= EIl7#l' LM #5
C' 8(N5 4K #5 &2(/ _ L#‹5 4I)
E73G9#aQ73 "fF &2 &= <= q#S G9#2 (K
G3" RI19 :3 :9C5 9A";5 (/ _3 "#=
E73G9#aeA3 G3" _ A EIJ9;5 q#j,#=
"#= L#I5 "9 tCD A <IP5 ;5 &1k L(%
E73G9#$, <I,(T 89 42 &= <I2 „39 <73
XQI% 8#IT A u," &+J <73 ge#. &= ;abK
E73G9#\ t(1 L#+J &= <IP5 •Nc 6l,

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67

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(365)
E73G9#$, A" X+c G3" &2 #/ XQ74+F
E73G9#$, (\ *7 &2 -NT :#7" A :A"
ENF RID A 8#D A &\"C5 s3A" A s#p
E73G9#$, A" &5 ;D#\ A !#n G3" "9
E73G94ˆ\ A9#n `K4, A9 L3C2 L#n EJ
E73G9#$, ACYJ RPY\ A9 L3C2 89 EJ
;/"#'3 CI53 &2 #/ X'fK :4+F
E73G9#$, A423 &'(K A9 L3C2 ;+]%
E73&ae4K 4W]1 &2 &, XIe#F *N5 #5
E73G9#$, A_#2 &2 &, XYxN\ X|/ #5
_#2 &= CY= :_#2 &% "#7 E]% 4[\ #/
E73G9#$, A9#n &+'4= 42 9#IY2
8o5 _3 ;739(\ 4\ 6]=4\ m1_ ;2
E73G9#$, (,3_ 4\ 42 &]bY2 L(‚+J
G#5 L#K"#r, (% CI53 &'(K "9
E73G9#$, A423 ET LM 42 0Np E]%
X\#V= v3&a]K4\ 89 #re#. &= ;abK
E73G9#$, (QIK ET LM :#J&lN. "9

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

68

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(366)
E73GC5M G#n A X+]. ;) &, "9 <7C2 #5
E73GC5M G#Y) &2 #n <73 &Ž9#. C2 _3
!CF C.4\ _ A EIl]F 8HY5 A" G"
E73GC5M G3" &+J <73 9(nA EIND3 &2 #/
X]$2 L#aQ2 _ A E7C79 (/ •T GHP\
E73GC5M G#IK4$5 <73 :"#WPNp &2
<I53 tA" A3 L_#T C' &= }YK <IY% #2
E73GC5M G#' &,#T "9 &2 ;73CK &2
X\#V= -Ie(/ ;a]= :3 (/ EN. 4>Y1
E73GC5M G#YK s4c !4= 4[2 <73 "9 &=
"#P2 i()#xT 423 :3 9A";5 A42M
E73GC5M G#I\ &5#, R+F L3(79 &2 &=
#5 &= _3CYI5 &YI+]) &D4T <73 ge#.
E73GC5M GM 6/M #2 &Ne#D ;) _3

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69

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(367)
E7CD XQI1(D A !"39 L#‹5 4I) :(ae
E7C, X\3 "#7 &, &= #n LM ;5 X\3 !34. &=
EY= &% ;7#7" -19 <73 L9_ EJ3(T h#%
EI13 XQI23fF `Yn#, XP[S 3" tA"
<5 42 L#,#n 01 C,#]e &F4n 4>5 #/
EIl5 &,#|I5 "9 42 EY5 &= C' #J8#\
Xe42 9#7 _3 <5 <7479 X5CT i4>5
E7CD C$F 6J9 9#7 :4[\ EIQ, :3
:"fK E=#T 4\ 42 4K3 8#\ CS C?2
EI5" ErF L#Y= ^D" ENK _ 9"M42 4\
89 8A3 Ca\ CI53 CS &2 #5 _3 4P19
E74= -NT CYW, 6534e C$F 34J#~
i#P5 &aQ2A4e "#= _3 89 uY/ (K &‚Yc
EIQ, B#b,3 A ;2#7 9C5 OPS !9 H=
<= 4>79 :"9 _ 89 :3 9(T 9(P$2 4We
EIW. :3A3C5 &2 &2 9(], -'#F 9"9
:4P2 9(T #2 &= _(5M Xe4?5 4J(K
EI\ A "_ {#j, X\3 L34K9 0Ij, &=
3CT mx1 9(' "#7 4>5 X\3 X|\ !39
EIn" L#xI' _ &e4S 94P, !9M &, "A
i#2 4=#' C' &% XQI, v"_ A EI\ "3 ge#.
EIN\ ƒPp A <|\ mx1 X1A9 _3 &2 &%

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70

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(368)
EIPNp :9#]K &,#|I5 "9 _3 #/ HIT
EIPNp :9345 A EIYI], X\A9 G" &2
4>5 E7"3C, RSA !4. G3" 93_
EIPNp :93_ GCWI5 "9 _ ;73CK &2
;1A X\3 L3A" &% 4K #5 G9(1M *'3
EIPNp :9#$, h#) A3 :(\ X1#\" &2
!34. 9#2 #5 89 42 X+c „39 vf1
EIPNp :939 (/ -]F Ec "(n _3 4K3
9_ L3(a, 4j2 t(1 42 (/ 8#T &xl,
EIPNp :93C5 GC79 *5945 _3 4>5
L#n &2 X\3(T 89 (/ <74I' 01 _3 :3G(]F
EIPNp :93H5 XbK XP1 GCYT4W' &2
3" G9_39(\ 89 :4xF &|Q, 9(2 #/
EIPNp :93(\ (/ :#\ &I1#c •T _3
9#' 89 "9 4>5 Xe#7 L3(a, 3" X+c L(%
EIPNp :9#' 4p#T X+c CI53 &2 #5
ge#. ;YI], CY% #/ &\"C5 "9 42
EIPNp :9#]K &,#|I5 "9 _3 #/ HIT

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

71

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(369)
EIa'39 :"#7 E]% L3"#7 _ #5
EIa'3CY) #5 &% LM 9(2 •Nc 9(T
CJ9 ;K42 ;a\A9 XT"9 #/
EIa'#= ;+|/ A EIae" #I1#.
9(P, ;]7A"9 <I7M (K A XbK
EIa'39 #J34n#5 (/ #2 &, "A
X'39 uYn 074e X+]% G(I'
EIa'#>,3 ONS A E794= •Nc #5
_A4b19 C' 9(T &, XYQ. <PNK
EIa'#+>2 A3 42 X+J !9 #5
94W, `= X7#W' A Xe" #J&aW,
EIa'3f>,A4e X54. 0,#n
#re#. 89 #5 &2 :939 9(T XbK
EIa'#+>, ;Q= 42 Rj[5 #5

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

72

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(370)
EIabK oS 3" L#aQ5 &= ;7(n;5 &% #5 _3 toS
EIabK #F9 3" X5o\ XaQ5 `K4, "A9 &2
9(]>, &l,#T _3 €IJ &= #]>2 !3&,#|I5 "9
EIabK #5 A 9(2 <73 <|\ &, "A 9(2 "A#2 v4K
<WI1 !3G9#ae3 {34T ;D#\ :3 (/ E]% _3 <5
EIabK #P.45 i"3HJ C7M 0IP. H= ;7o2
4TM :"(T ;,#+I]) ;7#]|P, <5 42 4K3
EIabK #V= X5CT "9 &= ;Y?5 <73 "39 4p#T &2
9"AM "#2 &2 XNVT `2 X\3 9#]+' &= EabK vCD
EIabK 34% L#a$2 <73 A E794= 34% XPQ, <73 &=
C7#2;+, EY7_ E= X]K L(T !3&e#, L(% 4>n
EIabK #xT <I% _3 <|\ Xb1_ #2 &= LM :3Hn
Xe4>,"9 "#7 #2 ;1A ge#. :3 ;a]K 6/M (/
EIabK #PS #2 X7#W. ;7(K RK :C$FC2 _

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73

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(371)
E79#$, &,#|I5 G" "9 4[\ B"9 #5
E79#$, &,#,#n G" "9 #F9 8(j[5
6/M C,_ RD#F CJ3_ CS <54T "9
E79#$, &,3(79 89 42 #5 &= „39 <73
939 #5 &2 -]F Ec }YK 8_3 L#xN\
E79#$, &,347A 8HY5 <73 "9 :A" #/
3" L#a2 4$5 <73 _3 `) G" EJC, 89 "9
E79#$, &,#T <73 "9 42 A3 01 4$5
9(2 L3(a, -e#Y5 6I2 <73 _3 &D4T "9
E79#$, &,3C," G(I' <73 _3 9#IY2
4TM &= &a]K4\ ;a]= <73 9A";5 L(%
E79#$, &,39 *7 4J(K LM 4\ "9 L#n
9(2 <79 A 89;2 #5 (% &= @ &Y+13
E79#$, &,3_4e A RD#F 0l1 &= 3" LM
ge#. (% E79(2 (/ _ ;1#IT &2 ƒ,#D
E79#$, &,#>I2 A X+J3CK &% {" #7

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

74

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(372)
E7"f>2 &,#|I5 z"#' _ #/ "3f>2
E7"9 <73 y#a[5 &+J :3&F4n 4$2 H=
-]F A E79_ :C," !9 L(% XQ|, _A"
E74ˆQ, G(I' LM G" Hn &= 9(2 LM ‘4'
9#2 &2 9A";5 En CYQ5 A X|/ &= ;7#n
E7"(T;5 &= &2 9(P, i(T E7"(T Ec 4K
L9_ L3(/ A3 4+= "9 X\9 &= (2 #/
E74+.3 v(D#7 (% &aQ], 89 L(T "9
#5 &= L#KC7"(' X[Ij, <W5 gF3A
E74>Y, BA94e &2 X\A9 :(= h#T #2
3Cal5 CYjD" A X1#. &2 L#Ie(S L(%
E7"AM42 ;a\9 GCP?' &2 EJ HI, #5
Xe#7 R?1 A "9 <I5_ h#T (/ &F4n _3
E74a+= h#T _3 (/ 6I) &= #5 G"#‚I2
XQI, RSA d#= G4>Y= &2 G" (% ge#.
E742 4\ &2 "9 <73 &,#a\M h#T #2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

75

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(373)
E742 v#234T &2 ;e(S &D4T #/ HIT
E742 v#e34T "3_#2 &2 v#5#p A Ox'
4b\ 9"AM G" &2 "CYND L3C," :(\
E742 v#5#p G9#V\ A ;5#xQ2 -19
C,4IK ;.(PS !#n L#I/(NT &+J #/
E742 v#n#Y5 4I) "9 &2 ;[PS uY%
EIaQ2 <+73 :93A "9 &= C$F LM (/ #2
E742 v#lI5 &2 :(K ;,"3 ;\(5 (‚+J
EI,_ i4F G4>Y= 42 (/ B(5#, B(=
E742 v3A#+\ !#2 42 (/ -]F ENF
394e X5#ID :34[S &2 (/ :(= h#T
E742 v#J#P5 4$2 _3 4\ s4e 42 &+J
CJ3_ X5o5 "#T #5 G" "9 C$, "A
E742 v#e#W5 L3C,_ &2 6,#aQNK _3
67(T G9(1M &YI+]) _ 9#2 L#+54'
E742 v#534= !#, 4YJ A R•e <7C2 4K
CYW, :"#= A 89 C\#Y], "3 XDA "CD
E742 v#DA3 RS#. <73 _3 &= X1#VT `2
HIT42 `,4l5 ml\ <73 _3 9"#2;5 &Yae
E742 v#eM &+J _3 G#Y) &,#|I5 &2 #/
;= #/ 4TM LC' EK #Ye L#2#I2 "9
E742 v#+$5 &2 ;) 4>5 EI\4ˆ2 G"
H745 &Nb\ 4J "9 42 9(T d" {M ge#.
E742 v#n#. ;‰#D 42 &= &2 LM Xn#.

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

76

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(374)
E7_3C,3 4c#\ "9 ;5 A EI,#]e342 RK #/ #I2
E7_3C,3"9 (, ;.4p A EIe#W]2 ml\ 3" *Ne
9H7" L#l'#F L(T &= 9HI>,3 4W]1 Ec 4K3
E7_3C,342 i9#IY2 A E7_#/ EJ &2 ;D#\ A <5
E7H7" tCD "C,3 {oK 3" ;,3(c"3 {34'
E7_3C,3 4+V5 "9 4W' 3" L394K4xF EIQ,
i(T :9A4\ {4x5 LH2 i(T :9A" X\3 X\9 "9 (%
E7_3C,3 4\ L#2(=#) A EI,3(T 8Hc L#]e3 X\9 &=
_3C,3 {#Yn ;1#F L3C2 #5 9(nA h#T #PS
E7_3C,3 4rY5 42 4r, 3" L#2(T G#' <= 9(2
Ce#2;5 v#5#p ;W7 Cek;5 RlF _3 ;W7
E7_3C,3 "A39 6I) &2 3" #J:"A39 <7#= #I2
&,#|I5 &2 #5 #2 #I2 ;J3(T 4K3 LCF X]$2
E7_3C,3 4Ž(= •(. &2 :_A" X+T :#) _3 &=
_34I' "9 C,_"A;+, ;,3(|'(T A ;,3CY|\
E7_3C,3 4>79 ;WN5 &2 3" 9(T #/ &= ge#. #I2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

77

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(375)
EI]=42 B(1#\ &D4T &= #I2 ;e(S
EI]= 4\ &2 Lox2 •T 3" s"_ 6l, <7A
EI$,;5 &nA "9 &?5(S t(ae A "f,
EI]=42 v#234T {M &2 #7" -19
CYJ9 #5 &2 L3(‰" &‰A" &, 4K3 394e
EI]="9 &2 XYn _ "(. &‰A" _ L#+Nc
L#Ie(S !H2 _3 A i(T4\ EI$n LA4I2
EI]= 42 &2 CJ#' A G9#2 EIY= v"#c
L#5CY]= v4Q. &2 &, "A EIY= v4]F
EI]= 4K9 ;,#$n &2 L#n XT" &= :_A"
XQ7AHY5 0Ic -a/ "9 &= 3CT 4\
EI]=42 "#QT" _ {#l, i3&,#aQ5
(, G#5 (% #/ A3 :A423 _ :3G(Nn (=
EI]= "_ L#K(% ET "9 4$ˆ\ :(K
L9_ #Jqk <IY% X\#5 C. &, ge#.
EI]= 4a]I2 34% 67(T EINK _3 :#)

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

78

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(376)
EI'(= v4]F &2 &= &2 LM RK XDA L#a\A9
EI'(IY2 L#n &2 A <73 X\3 89 RJ3 <|\
9"fK;5 {4p XDA A !4= `= "9 XQI,
EI'A4b2 ;5 &2 G9#V\ &= X\3 LM G"#%
X\4b2 #73CT 6|2 t4e XQI73(J i(T
EI'(, L(>NK ;5 67A" &2 &= ;YI,_#,
X\3 4YJ RJ3 LHJ" *Ne _#\ L(Yc"3
EI'A4|, 34% A EI1#Y, &jc <73 _3 L(%
;2M 6+79H, ;5 _3 A C5M i(n &2 RK
EI'(n;5 B(J A L#54. 6/M _ !4nk
!(J(5 ;234' &1k tCD _3 EI]=;5
EI'(JC5 ;5 A {4x5 ;2 &= "A9 C2 E]%
#5 &= XbK L3(/ &= #2 0VF 8#. <73 ge#.
EI'(5#T RK E\(5 "9 &= EI,oPN2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

79

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(377)
EIYW2 ;7#F9 A E7"M42 X\9 ;P' #5
EIYW2 ;7#n _ G"#% 3" (/ L34VJ Ec
:9C5 L#lIe" X\9 _3 C' "#+I2 89
EIYW2 ;73A9 A E7"M 4\ &2 6PIPp #/
Xe" A 9_ E‹I/ &2 A CIV,42 !4n ;2 &= LM
EIYW2 ;7#bS &= 3" 3CT C7"M i_#2
X\#V= v#234T G3" {4p ŠI2 C' *]T
EIYW2 ;7#+, A (], 3(J A {M LM "9 #/
&, "A 89 :3 0Np L3C," 4p#T _3 9C5
EIYW2 ;7#xT &= 39#P5 X\3 0?S "#=
CYW, :"#= &NS(. E= 47#p &7#\
EIYW2 ;7#+J L(+I5 &7#\ _3 0Np
X\#V= :(>'(T ge#. C]2 G94) _3 E19
EIYW2 ;73(, _#\ 61Hc A 8(D &2 #/

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

80

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(378)
EIYW, -.#, &2 RI5 A C2 EI7(>, #5
EIYW, s"_3 9(T -19 A &I\ `= &5#n
X\3 C2 6I2 A E= &2 4>,3(/ A 67A"9 0IF
EIYW, -Nx5 &= X\3 LM X[Nj5 C2 "#=
EI,H, 6,39 4ae9 42 &xN‹5 ED"
EIYW, -[N5 GCP?' s"A 42 -. 4\
C'(, X54. &2 &, L3C," &F4n 4K3 G#'
EIYW, sA45 q#S ;5 &2 6/#ba13
L3A4J3" 4r, "9 L#$n EI,342 i(T
EIYW, s4‹5 <7_ A &I\ 0\3 4We
CYW';5 4YJ {#2"3 ;a]= L#+\M
EIYW, -N?5 4[2 <73 42 &= &2 LM &IW/
CIV," ;lIe" A :9(Q. XbK :C2 4K
EIYW, -+.3 &2 i(K #5 &= i#2 i(T (/ (K
A3 42 E74I>, XbK #xT EjT "3 ge#.
EIYW, -. <|\ #2 8Cn XbK -. &2 "A

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81

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(379)
E7(K;5 CYN2 u,#2 &2 A X\3 i(T !4\
E7(n;5 &1#I) _3 v#I. EIQ, <5 &=
CYI]Y, "#+T &nA &2 CJ_ B(PF
E7(T i(T L#]= :9"9 &D4T C745
X\A9 :A423 A ;>a]K4\ &2 &,#Qe !C'
E7(K L(% 67(T L#K(% ET "9 CI]=
C7#]>2 :A" &2 "9 L#‹5 4I) &, !4K
E7(n #V= _3 G"#% E,H2 "9 !3C=
;7A"9(T &2 6,_4\ EY+% <73 "9 <W5
E7A";5 CYJ9;5 E'"A4) &= L#Y%
<IP5 &,#I5 "9 v#234T A G#l,#T (/
E7A3 #2 XQJ &= #n 4J &= G3(K 3CT
XQ7_A4$2 :#I+I= 0Np G3" "#Pc
E7(2 <74PYF h#T LM X1A9 !oc
;7k#2CYN2 XQ5 `K4, s(' _
E7(n 01 42 G9#ae3 tCD #2 &1k (%
h#) 89 _3 ge#. :(ae &2 &= ;5 "#I2
E7('A4e tCD wIe &2 s"_ "#Pc

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82

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(380)
E7(K;5 4K9 "#2 A !3&abK #J"#2
E7();5 9(T &2 &, G" <73 GC]19 <5 &=
C,3&a'39 EabS ;p(p &Y7M `) "9
E7(K;5 (>2 XbK 8_3 9#a\3 &% LM
XQJ ;73"M <+% RK 4K A !"#T 4K3 <5
E7A";5 !C]=;5 A3 &= X\9 LM _3 &=
CIYW5 L34I. 89;2 <5 0IF L#a\A9
E7(n;5 :4r, 0.#S A !"39 :4J(K
X\3 0IF L(>NK ;5 ƒ+N5 -19 #2 &% 4K
E7(';5 #7" u," A3 H= 0IF EYW5
X\3 4K9 ;7#n _ s#]F &74K A GCYT
E7(5;5 4[\ XDA A 0' &2 E734\;5
:(P5 &,#|I5 "9 h#T &= XbK Ere#.
E7(2;5 <aT *]5 <5 &= 0IF <W5 (K

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83

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(381)
EI$'9#) L#KCY2 #5 &% 4K
EI$>[PS *N5 L#J#'9#)
;$/ &QI= A <Ia\M "9 }YK
EIJ" h#T A #+, ;aIK !#n
"A4c XQ5 A "(•. "#I'(J
EI$YK &D4c A CI.(/ 4[2
CY= &+'4= L(% X|2 CJ#'
EI$5 (% d" &YI7M i#5
0' 4J 3" X|2 "3CI2 G#'
EI$N= A 4Qe3 L#P$>, #5
#5 XP[S "#+' X+IYc (K
EI$K GC79 &2 #5 A {3(T "9 (/ &=
#5 &= X\3 mD3A "(jY5 G#'
EI$, &= #V= 4J &2 X+J :A"
E7_#\ <b= L(T _ 3" L#Y+'9
EIJ9 Oae :#PD 3" L#a\A9
9(P, #5 6I) 47AH/ u,"
EI$I\ ;?e3 A EIT4\ 4I'
CYJ9_#2 &= (>2 ge#. !3A
EIJ(K #5 A q34aF3 :3G94=

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

84

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(382)
L3(|2 :3&aQT 4\ 42 :C5M (% :3&[/#e
L#n G945 &2 XP1 R?1 CJ9;5 &= #]>2 01
9A";5 A C,3(T &[/#e A C5M 6\4) &2 &= LM
L3A" i3 ;) _3 EY=;5 3" tA" &= ;Qb, (K
<IP2 <5 L#2_ :A" :3&aQT 0IPp &= :3
L#2_ 42 X\3 89 "#2 !3&YI\ 9A9 A !9 <7#=
Xe" A !4K 4$5 _ 94= <5 L3(|a\3 0/ &% 4K
L3(|a\3 _3 4$5 6/M 9A";+, EP/ (‚+J
<pA 6]/M "9 XQJ (/ 8#T _ E19 8#.
L3(/#, A X\GC' &aQT (/ E]% A9 LM _3 E+]%
<IP2 A GC79 A9 {M _ E/"34. L#],_#2
L#], ;KC,_ _ €IJ CJ9;5 &= 345 wP,
X\3 G939 6IF ;) _3 !3&]I' !3C5 &= LM
L#5_ 4J 0IPp 6I) 942;5 &% _3 !3&]I'
Ea24' 939 (/ 4?' ;KC,_ {M _3 ge#.
L3(|2 Ea24' &|Q, #I2 <= 0IPp h4/

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85

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(383)
L#PIPp #2 Ec EabK &= L3CY%
L#P74c <IWQ5 C,94W, L#5"9
XQ79#2 X\9 "9 !9 4J &= RK LM
L#PI1CYF _3 i9#2 !4' (K
CYI2_#2 #/ G9 L#53 {" #7
L#PIP. :A" L#P[5 E]%
XQI, 9(T 4$5 42 XP[5 y"9
L#PID" !#= 39#P5 {" #7
v9(n L3(T 42 4TM E?Y5 :3
L#PIj, ;2 _3 EI'#2 CY% #/
;aIK :3CI' ;a]>, ge#.
L#P793 CY) :CIY';5 4K

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

86

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(384)
L394>2 #bn _3 :A" XD34e _3 !_(\;5
L394>2 o2 {" #7 C' #5 :o2 L34VJ
LA94K uYT HP\ 42 C7#+,;5 G(Nn &5
L394>2 #) 6T" 42 C7M"9 4\ &2 A3 #/
RPY\ Ec" &2 ;Y?7 L#]e342 3" 8(c 45
L394>2 #PS L(‚+J :"(|2 <+% 94K
XQ54\ !34T LA4I2 3" <79 A RlF :#+‹7
L394>2 #PD 42 "9 <W]2 Go= 4\ "9
!"#ra,3 <IF "9 L#aQ5 E]% "(, :3
L394>2 #7 _3(Y2 ;5#n A <7H. uY%
i(T ;xT 6‰"#F 42 CQ7(,;+J L3"A9
L394>2 #5 "#7 _3 C2 &a'(, {" #7
XQI, "CD <73 Hn Xa|2 L#7A42(T _ ge#.
L394>2 #•D EW. ;7#‰" XaQI, 4K

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

87

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(385)
L#\"_#2 <aT &2 <IW]5 :(JM LM {" #7
L#\"_#2 <+% &2 L#534T A4\ ;$\ L3A
_3(Y2 ;+IQ, &2 3" #5 G9"_M 89
L#\"_#2 </ &2 &ae" </ _ L#n LM ;Y?7
CY\" (/ 453 &2 (% 8HY5 &2 CI'"(T A G#5
L#\"_#2 <5 &2 HI, 345 :A" &5 "#7
C' L(T ;,#+7 R?1 0Np "9 #JGC79
L#\"_#2 <+7 &2 L#]T" 0=(= LM {" #7
"#ŽM L(7#+J L(+I5 47#p :3 A42
L#\"_#2 <c_ A „3_ <|\ #lYF 6I)
v#I. EIJ3(|, (/ ;2 #5 &= X\3 <73 <|\
L#\"_#2 <|\ A 4IK4PT *I) :3 (Y]2
{" #7 ge#. GC79 6YpA :9(2 &= LM
L#\"_#2 <pA &2 ;P74c _ i9345 &2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

88

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(386)
L#'() &D4T #2 <I], E= 3" 3CT
L#'(ˆ5 L#5#\;2 L3C," _3 d"
XQJ ;K9(1M ;Q2 &D4T <73 "9
L#'A4e ;5 :#PD XDA #'(T
!C7C, :9"9 L#'A ;e(S <73 "9
L#'(,9"9 6IF 9#2 ;e#S &=
:"#I, XD#p A ;?Pp h_#, (/
L#'() -19 ;a]5 :#J;,34K
<I]Y5 "(aQ5 :3G94= EaQ5 (%
L#'(Y5 !4J_ :3G939 E'(, (%
<I2 L#I\(1#\ <73 <Pc _3 A #I2
L#'A4T •242 A 89 L(T ;.34S
i#2 "f. 42 ge#. ;54>19 _
L#'(n u79 L(% :3&YI\ 9"39 &=

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

89

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(387)
L#YJ9 <74I' A4QT L3CD9#]+' G#'
L#YW' mS &+J 0ND CYW' L#KŒ5 &2 &=
XT3C,3 67A"9 <5 42 4r, A X'f>2 XQ5
L#Y|\ <74I' &+J „34% A E]% :3 XbK
9(2 CJ3(T ;$/ &QI= v"_ A EI\ _3 ;= #/
L#Ya+I\ &+J _ "(T42 A (' <5 GCY2
_"(2 4$5 (]5 XQ) :3&, G"U _3 4a+=
L#,_ d4% ;\" CI'"(T &>/(NT &2 #/
:"39 ;5 ;.CD "A <W5 &IW/ L#$n 42
L#,C2 h_#, A "(T L#YIPn G4J_ :9#'
9#2 i(T 6,3A" &= <5 6= &,#+I) 4I)
L#YW' L#+I) XP[S _3 <= HIJ4) XbK
RQ>2 <+'9 _ A "M X\9 &2 X\A9 <539
L#Y54J3 _3 "fK „"#e A (' L39H7 945
EabK;5 4[\ &1k <+% "9 #PS #2
L#Yb= <I,(T &+J <73 C,3&= L3CI$' &=
E73&, _3" <73 !4[5 (/ A <5 ge#. XbK
L#YJ9 <74I' A <= X7#W. R?1 ;5 _3

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

90

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(388)
<W' &2(/ A X]K HI>,3 {4p RK A "#$2
<=42 89 _ Ec ŠI2 RK d" :9#' &2
:"393(J "9 &‚Yc #PS 9#2 CI\"
<J34I) C7"9 9(T 42 A C' LA42 9(T _
89 ;e#S {M _3 _(5#I2 sCS -74p
<+% A4\ _ ;K93_M 0Np ;a\3" &2
4>, &1o= RK 94K #PS 94Pa\9 _
<+\ :A" &2 <IP2 RPY\ :(QIK }YW'
C?\ ƒ1#p &2 !4. _3 CI\" &‚Yc BA4F
<Q. &nA &2 942;5 <79 A 89 &YIF &2
"3HJ 4Ib, A GC7"(' RPN2 4IbS
LH. XI2 _ LA42 C5M RK RSA :342
(>2 G9#2 !#n A L#2(T XP[S •7C.
<e 0.#S 4I) :(ae A ge#. 8(D &2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

91

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(389)
</ "9 &5#n X7(2 &2 !9 4J RK (%
<539 &2 #/ L#P74K _3 h#% EY=
„#2 "9 &= ;7(K RK C79 3" XY/
</ 42 C7"C2 3" &5#n L#aQ5 (%
L#n !42 RW]5 X+c X\9 _3 <5
<5 _3 :942 L#\M (/ 3" 89 ;1A
X\A9 _3 ;a]K42 L#Y+'9 8(D &2
<+'9 X\A9 `= €IJ 994>,
G9#2 !#n "9 L(% &5#n "9 XY/
<JM EI\ "9 L(% &YI\ "9 X19
<I,(T E]% _3 *'3 ƒ+' :3 "#P2
<'A" -NT 42 X19 _(\ C' &=
_(\4>n GM !3&YI\ H= <W5
L_A" G3" _3 9A9 (‚+J C7M42
_3CYI5 #) "9 A <W]5 3" E19
<WQ5 (/ m1_ 4\ "9 9"39 &=
ge#. X\&aQ2 (/ m1_ "9 89 (%
<WbI5 #) "9 A3 "#= L#\ <7C2

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

92

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(390)
<+% q4p _3 C' 3CI) RK L#xN\ 4Qe3
<+\ A A4\ 42 9#2 h"#P5 {" #7 65Cl5
:A4QT XQ], <73 9(2 <a]7(T :#n &2 i(T
<a]7(T :#n &2 L(Y=3 ;Q= 4J CYI], #/
X+/#T <Q. &2 G9 v"#]2 3" En E/#T
<54J3 X\9 G#/(= A3 _3 94= ErF3 E\#=
i"9 h#T H= &,#T <73 9#2 "(+?5 C23 #/
<+7 9#2 9_A;5 L#+." :(2 #2 `b, 4J
A3 4I>+1#F …I/ A uY]) "() X=('
<+V,3 L#a\39 C' #J&5#Y$' &+J "9
<7_ 47_ "9 C' !3" XT4% ;,#K(% uYT
LH2 ;7(K :C5M L3CI5 &2 L(% 3"3(Q$'
X\(/ 4I]+' L3A" {M 3" *N5 "#P7(n
<W2 L#J3(TC2 ŠI2 L#]Y2 8CF XT"9 (/
X'(T -NT X$W, #2 4K3 XbW], <73 _3 C?2
<aT *]5 &e#, yf73 :34[S _3 9HIT
CYY=;5 i(T G(Nn "#ra,3 L34IK &'(K
<We42 d" _3 ƒD42 A Go= q4p <W'42
i(Y2 ;5 ge#. XbK !94= RlF #2 v"(]5
<+a5 "#]aQ5 8(D &2 G9 ;5 #ID#\
"39 &‰4F *2#/3 !H2 ;D#\ 42 #PS :3
<5 &2 C]|2 :3&F4n L#]e3"_ !#n LM _3 #/

http://www.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/far/index.html

93

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(391)
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#n A ;5 4We _3 4a'(T
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#V,34\ &= EYIP2 #/
C,#+, !#73 &= 9"(T L3(/ CY% 89 Ec
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#73 &, A i#2 89 &, (K
A3 42 &= "(T 9(T Ec (K 3" &NS(. E= „45
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !39 C$, &= `= LM E."
i(IY5 CNl5 CY) A "(|5 Ec "(T G9#2
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#F <|\ "#PaF3
!#= &2 q4S 9(' &= &2 L#+J (/ }," X\9
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#=#, &2 &= 4TM ;,39
iA9 ;7#+?5 C,3(T;+J &,#|I5 4I)
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#n4e &= !#n •T _3
8Hc A uY% A q9 &2 ge#. 89 G" _3 !942
L9(2 CJ3(T &% !#,C2 <5 :3Hn #/

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94

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(392)
LC79 "#7 "3C79 X1A9 XQI% &= ;,39
LC7HK :A4QT 42 ;73CK A3 :(= "9
<WI1A 9(2 L#\M LC742 ƒ+p L#n _3
LC742 L3(/ RW]5 ;,#n L#a\A9 _3
uY/ 89 #2 &‚Yc L(% L#aQ2 &2 LC' EJ3(T
LC7"9 ;YJ34I) ;5#, *I, &2 #n L3A
<abK &ab$, _3" RK #2 EIQ, L(% &K
LCIY' LoPN2 _3 :_#Pl]F 4\ &K
"3f>5 X\9 _ 8A3 "#7 01 LCI\(2
LC7HK 01 A X\9 _3 :94K 8(N5 4|=
8HY5 &J3"A9 <73 H= XP[S "#+' XS4e
LCI\" EJ &2 L3(a, 4>79 E7"f>2 L(%
;I[7 G#' 9#7 _3 ge#. Xe42 ;7(K
LC7"A4) 67A"9 "AM i9#7 &2 {" #7

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95

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(393)
LC7_"A -]F &2 !4$' G4$' &= EY5
LC79 C2 &2 !9(1#I, GC79 &= EY5
EI'#2 i(T A EI]= X5o5 A EIY= #eA
LCIV," XQ74e#= #5 Xl74p "9 &=
v#V, G3" XQI% &= EabK GCWI5 4I) &2
LCI'() 0IF XbK A ;5 !#n X\3(|2
XQI% E1#F „#2 :#'#+/ _ 89 9345
LCI% RK (/ d" _3 E]% !945 X\9 &2
{M 42 !9_ 9(T 6l, LM _3 ;a\4) ;5 &2
LCIa\4) 9(T 6l, EY= {34T #/ &=
&, "A ElŽ3A (/ m1_ 4\ X+." &2
LCI'(= 9(\ &% (\ LM _3 9(P, (% 6]=
`NV5 <7_ Xe#/ EIJ3(T GCWI5 &2 L#YF
LCIY], X\3 0n3A Lo+F ;2 gFA &=
{(T d" #2 4$5 _(5#I2 "#7 •T _
LC794K X\3 i(T L#2(T •"#F 94K &=
ge#. ;5 !#n A ;D#\ 01 Hn B(P5
LCI\(2 X\#xT L#'A4eCJ_ X\9 &=

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96

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(394)
<Q. "#$2(, (/ 4rY5 G#5 :A" :3
<Q. "3C5 A <Q. H=45 (/ •T A 8#T
4[\ L(Qe L#$Y) (/ "#+T4) E]% "9
<Q. "34D 3CI) (/ "34D;2 m1_ "9
;7(WI, y42 _3 (/ (‚+J Xe#a, ;J#5
<Q. "#P7(n _3 vCD L(% X\#|, :A4\
:4P19 C$F (/ X.o5 _3 C' !4T
<Q. "#K_A" (/ Xe#x1 _3 C' d4e
L#$n "9 (/ 8#T &,39 A m1_ !39 _3
<Q. "#W' &a]>, C,#+, 89 „45 *7
L#n L#I5 _3 ƒPp &739 mx1 &2 E739
<Q. "#Y= "9 3" (/ _#, &2 9"A4);5
X\3 4/ A G_#/ LM _3 &]bY2 XP1 94K
<Q. "#P7(n _3 9"(T;5 v#I. 0=
(/ 4Ir, CYI2 &= C742 ƒ+p ge#.
<Q. "#79 "C,3 XT" Hn XQI, "#79

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97

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(395)
<= {#l, <IW]5 RPY\ _ 3" •4PNK
<= {34T ;,#$n A i(ˆ2 d" &= ;Y?7
3" „#2 q34p3 A G4$% _ s4F L#]b2
<= {oK4) #5 GC79 :#J&]I' L(%
94= {#a' <ae" &2 4+F (% RK !#73
<= {#a' L(>NK G9#2 "A9 &2 ;D#\
3" XQ5 {3(T4) `K4, G(I' &2 #]>2
<= {3(T &2 #YF" `K4, E]% *'" _3 A
4IK "#>, m1_ A (Y]2 &]bY2 :(2
<= {34' !HF A &1k u," &2 4>Y2
X\(/ ;]=-'#F v9#F A E\" &= #n L3_
<= {#aF #5 #2 A 6= tCD L#Y+'9 #2
:#]K tCD :A" &2 GC79 {#P. L(‚+J
<= {#P. _3 B#\3 B#ID 3" &,#T <7A
#F9 G" _3 CPNp;5 8#SA ge#.
<= {#VaQ5 Lk9 &aQT :#F9 {" #7

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98

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(396)
<= {34'4) ;.CD #ID#\ X\3 OPS
<= {#a' 9"3C, u,"9 *Ne "A9
{34T 9(' ;,#e E1#F &= 4a]I) L3_
<= {34T L(>NK G9#2 !#n _ 3" #5
94= z(Np 4c#\ s4]5 _ ;5 CI'"(T
<= {3(T h4/ ;PNp;5 6IF •42 4K
CY= #JG_(= #5 RK _3 d4% &= :_A"
<= {34'4) #5 4\ &\#= "#$,_
EIaQI, v#5#p A &2(/ A CJ_ 945 #5
<= {#xT ;e#S G9#2 !#n &2 #5 #2
#re#. XQIa\4) G9#2 {3(S "#=
<= {3(S "#= &2 !Hn !HF A HIT42

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99

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(397)
<= "(Y5 #5 L#aQP' A M"9 "9 _
<= 4x?5 L#I,#.A" `NV5 :3(J
_#P5 -]F &= CY= X[Ij, &Ile 4K3
<= 4/ 3" „#59 (K 6JC2 :3&1#I)
L#n A 89 !3G94ˆ\ L#,#n :A423 A E]% &2
<= 4rY5 A s#p :#'#+/ A #I2 #I2
"(, C,#]e;+, L34VJ 0' G"#a\
<=42 &5 „34% A M42 4jD !#2 &2
`NV5 <73 h#T &= XYn L_#T &2 (>2
<= 4+V5 9(F A BA94e :(\ 42 &b[/ &2
E>Y/ "9 *I, &D4T A &nAH5 <73 _3
<= "CYND E'A ;e(S &+'4= *7 &2
C,3(/ <Q. X\947_ <+% L3CJ#' (%
<= 42(YS 42 G(Nn A <+\ 42 &+'4=
;D#\ CY= ;Q2 X7#W. `b, 8(•e
<= 4c#\ &2 ;5 A X\9 _3 GC5 9(T "#= (/
8#+n z#?' C' h3"93 GC79 {#V.
<= "(Y5 3" CI'"(T &K4T A #I2
9(P, #5 C. (/ 8#SA CYD &2 ƒ+p
<= 4W' (‚+J R?1 01 &2 Ea13(.
G9 L#aQ5 &2 ;$>,M B(P2 &1#I) 01
<= 4/ L34'#?5 „#59 &lID9 <7C2
L#7A" &5 -]F A 6IF X5_o5 _3 `)
<= 42 _3 ge#. 4?' ;Y= &= #J"#= _

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100

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(398)
<= i(K XQJ ;Y|\ <5 E]% "(, :3
<= i(, A L#'(Y2 X\3 4) v4c#\ L(%
XQIQ2 <54J3 &\(\A -]F G3" "9
<= iA4\ !#I) &2 89 i(K A :M 6I)
C,#+, {4p _#\ A C' &P/ 3(, •42
<= iA4T q9 :3 A 6=42 &1#, uY% :3
vC]|P, ;aQ5 vf1 &D4T A OIPQ/
<= iA4e ;5 _3 0Np R+F <73 "9 X+J
X+abK CY7(K &24V/ _ <|\ L34I)
<= i(K CY) :(' 4I) &= 4Q) :3 L#J
-]F X\9 9#$Y, &NQN\ CY+'(J 42
<= i(J h4/ ;]= "#7 m1_ &= ;J3(T
XQI, 8#5 A 4+F "9 &l7#•5 L#a\A9 #2
<= i(I, X[Ij, "#7 :3Ce L#n CS
9#P5 ;$/ ;e#S ;5 _3 X5#n &= ;D#\
<= i(,9"9 <5 &2 ;a7#YF E]%
:"f>2 (% L#]e3"_ :#PD "9 XQ54\
<= i() &YI+]) ge#. "f, &\(2 *7

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101

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(399)
<W]2 :4.#\ "3_#2 A <= :3&+'4=
<W]2 :45#\ B(5#, A -,A" GH+c &2
;Y?7 ;+1#F "#a\9 A 4\ G9 9#2 &2
<W]2 :"A4\ <I7M &2 &'(K Go=
"3f>2 :4P19 <I7M &= :(K m1_ &2
<W]2 :4>+a\ 0ND &= :(K GH+c &2
`= &+J _3 ;2(T :(K 4P2 A !34T LA42
<W]2 :4) -,A" GC2 "(. :3H\
4I>2 {#aeM 4I' 4r, L3(JM &2
<W]2 :4a]5 B(D #/A9 L3A423 &2
9#2 !9 _3 RPY\ m1_ 9(' :#\4xF (%
<W]2 :4PYF m1_ 4\ &2 6a+ID (/
ge#. :3 C'A4e X.#je 0I1CYF (%
<W]2 :"9 <abK <|\ &2 A3 "CD (/

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102

(C8)?D +&-E) !"#$%& '()* +,#-. /)001%234

(400)
<5 _#2 6l, 4K G(]F CYN2k#2
<5 _3"9 CJ_ &jD 94= G#/(=
ENF A CJ_ A :4I) 4TM &= k9 :C79
<5 _#2 &D(]?5 GC79 94= &% <5 #2
942;5 &= L#+73 ;234T _3 E\4/;5
<5 _#+, "(•. (/ :A423 {34[5
-]F L#], E'(ˆ2 s"_ -19 &2 EabK
<5 _3" 94= L#IF A *'3 9(2 _#+c
CY=;+, L#b74. 9#7 A "#7 X\3 XQ5
<5 _3(, <IWQ5 ;D#\ 4IT &2 i4=U
LM EIQ, H= 9_(2 #PS LM ;= {" #7
<5 _#\"#= 654= &5#+' 994K
#I1#. &74K _3 E,_;5 {M 42 ;]l,
<5 _#V5 XlIl. <74D 9(' ;= #/
EY=;5 &74K L#,_ GCYT ƒ+' (% 9(T 42
<5 _#\ A _(\ CY= &% 89 uY\ (/ #2 #/
9A";+, :"#= (/ _#+, _3 (% CJ3_
<5 _#I, A _3" A &,#P' ;aQ5 EJ
#PS :3 61#. (>2 XT(\ &74K _ ge#.
<5 _3CK <+'9 "A4) X\A9 G#' #2

C8)?D 5F@ <)6)E
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103

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