Race and Incarceration in the United States

Human Rights Watch Press Backgrounder, February 22, 2002

Minority Proportion of the Incarcerated Population by State
34.8%

64.0%

Alabama
14.9%

Alaska

White Percentage of
Incarcerated
Population

38.9%
43.5%

48.9%

Arizona

47.9%

Arkansas

51.7%

31.0%

Minority (Black and
Latino) Percentage of
Incarcerated
Population

64.8%

California
45.6%

Colorado

49.6%

26.5%

72.6%

Connecticut
34.4%

65.1%

Delaware
2.6%

96.9%

District of Columbia
37.9%

61.3%

Florida
34.3%

65.0%

Georgia
14.9%

Hawaii

19.7%
77.2%

16.8%

Idaho

26.8%

72.5%

Illinois
56.2%

41.5%

Indiana

69.2%

26.2%

Iowa

53.1%

42.5%

Kansas

59.2%

39.6%

Kentucky
23.6%

75.9%

Louisiana
Maine

89.0%

6.6%
26.0%

73.8%

Maryland
45.2%

52.4%

Massachusetts
42.6%

53.6%

Michigan

50.2%

37.2%

Minnesota
23.8%

75.4%

Mississippi
Missouri
Montana

53.6%

43.7%

70.3%

7.1%
55.7%

38.4%

Nebraska

51.9%

43.7%

Nevada

82.1%

14.8%

New Hampshire

20.3%

79.4%

New Jersey
23.2%

67.1%

New Mexico
19.8%

81.0%

New York
32.2%

64.7%

North Carolina
North Dakota

66.1%

8.3%
46.1%

Ohio
Oklahoma

52.9%
51.5%

37.8%

71.5%

22.0%

Oregon

37.9%

61.3%

Pennsylvania
47.7%

56.6%

Rhode Island
29.7%

69.6%

South Carolina
South Dakota

65.4%

10.5%
47.1%

Tennessee

51.5%

31.1%

68.2%

Texas
26.2%

Utah
Vermont

65.5%
87.8%

8.7%
34.4%

64.3%

Virginia

63.4%

29.1%

Washington

44.2%

Wisconsin
Wyoming

51.4%
77.7%

15.9%
37.29%

National

61.0%

38.3%

West Virginia

60.1%

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