-

260+360

erv1ce
anual
Functions of Assemblies · Adjustment Procedures
Sewing-off · Trouble Shooting · Electrical Equipment
SERVICE MANUAL
for Pfaff Sewing Machines 260 and 360
with built-in automatic
embroidery mechanism
Functions of Assemblies
Electrical Equipment
Adjustment Procedures
Sewing-off
Trouble Shooting
G·M ·PFAFF AG · KARLSRUHE-DURLACH BRANCH
Blank Page
Foreword
This profusely illustrated Service Manual for Pfaff 260 (360)- 261 sewing ma-
chines is a valuable source of technical information which is primarily in-
tended for Pfaff dealers and their service personnel.
It goes into greater detail and, thus, complements the instruction book which
accompanies each machine. The nomenclature used in the pertinent spore
ports catalogue has also been used throughout this book. Numerous photo-
graphs and drawings are interspersed in the text in order to give users a
good ideo of the assembl i es being discussed.
Begi nning with a general description of the workings of a sewing machine,
the monual proceeds to discuss how the zigzag and automatic mechani sms
function. The adjustment procedures which follow ore intended for those of
our dealers who hove to remedy sewing trou,bles that may occur occasionally.
The prime object of this manual is, however, to import additional technical
knowledge to all who or e connected with the sale and repo ir of the Pfaff
260 (360)- 261 and to enable them to render satisfactory service.
G. M. PFAFF AG
CONTENTS
Foreword
How a Sewing Machine Functions .
TheNeedle . .
The Sewing Hook . . . .
Stitch Formation and Feed Motion
The Take-Up lever .
The Feed Dog .
Dropping the Feed Dog
Stitch length Regulation
Reverse Sewing . . . .
Regulating the Thread Tension .
The Bobbin Thread Tension .
Regulat ing the Thread Tension .
The Needle Thread Tension
Winding the Bobbin .
Inserting the Bobbin Case
Needle and Thread Chart
Threading the Needle .
Zigzag Sewing .
The Zigzag Mechanism .
The Finger-Tip Control . .
Changing the Needle Position . . . .
Mechanical Principle of Automatic Machines .
Mechanical Principle of the Pfaff -261 Automatic
The Electrical Equipment . . . . .
Suppression of Radio and TV Interference .
The lighting System
The Electric Drive .
Multi-Voltage Motors for Pfaff 260 and 360 Machines
Maintenance
Storing Sewing Heads and Cabinets
Checking Cabinets and Stands . .
Attaching the Bedplate Extension .
Mount ing the Sewing Head
Removing the Rust-Preventative Fluid
Cleaning and O iling
Removing the Top Cover
Cleaning the Feed Dog and the Sewing Hook
Removing and Replacing the Face Cover
The Needle Threader
Stitching off the Machine
Checking the Mechanism
Regulating the Pressure on the Material
Threading the Machine for Two-Needle Work
Preparing the Machine for Two-Needle Decorative Sewing
Rules Your Customers Should Know
Adjustment Procedures .
The Feed Eccentric .
Page
7
7
8
11
12
12
13
13
14
15
15
15
16
17
17
18
19
20
20
21
21
22
23
29
31
32
33
35
36
36
37
37
37
38
38
38
39
39
42
42
43
43
44
44
45
46
46
Page
The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket 46
The Needle Vibrating Eccentric Bevel Gear . 47
The Driving Eccentric for the Automatic Mechanism 48
Timing the Sewi:ng Hook 48
Pfaff 260- Needle Bar Rise 49
The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket 50
Pfaff 360- Needle Bar Rise . 51
Exchanging the Sewing Hook in the Pfaff 360 52
The Position Finger Brocket . . 52
Setting the Needle Bar at Correct Height . 53
Adjusting the Feed Dog in the Feed Slot . . 53
Setting the Presser Bar and the Feed Dog at Correct Height 55
Dismantling, Replacing and Adjusting tne Stitch length Control 56
Adjusting the Bobbin Winder . 57
Setting the Needle Threader 58
Changing the Thread Check Spring 60
Changing the Cord Belt . . . . . . . . . 61
Assembling and Adjusting the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism 63
The Zigzag Regulator Mechanism . 64
Stripping the Automatic Mechanism 64
Dismantling the Stitch Width Control 64
The Stitch Width Regulating Mechanism in the Machine Arm 64
The Stitch Width Control 65
Adjusting the Stitch Width Control . 66
Rough Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch . 67
Fine Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch 67
Zeroing the Needle for Straight Stitching 67
Adjusting the Needle Position . . 68
Centering the Needle in the Needle Plate Slot 69
Converting a Pfaff 260 (360) into a Pfaff 260-261 (360-261) 71
Installing the Automatic Mechanism 71
Mounting the Engaging levers . 71
Essential Parts of the Pfaff (-261) Automatic 73
Mounting the Pressure Spring Assembly 75
Adjusting the Engaging levers . 75
Replacing the Top Cover . . . . . . . . . 76
Checking the Needle Position in Relation to the Needle Plate Slot 76
Testing the Performance of the Automatic Mechanism . 77
Checking the Operation of the Engaging levers 77
Eliminating Troubles in Automatic Sewing . 77
Installing a PE 260 or 261 Motor into the Pfaff 260 (-261) 79
Changing the Motor Belt 81
Trouble Shooting . . . . . . . . 81
Dismantling and Reassembling the Pfaff Hook . 84
Works of the Pfaff 260-261 . • 85
The Two-Position Presser Bar lifter . 86
The Pfaff Tool Kit . . 86
Abridged Adjustment Procedure for the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism of
Pfaff 260 (360) Machines 87
Blank Page
How a Sewing Mact.ine Functions
Household sewing machines all make the conventional lockstitch. This type of
stitch consists of on upper (needle) and a lower (bobbin) thread locked together ·
in the material being stitched. The lock of threads is pulled to the middle of
the fabric so that the seam has the same appearance top and bottom.
Every sewing machine designed to produce this type of stitch must hove the
following component ports and assemblies:
1. a needle
2. a sewing hook, complete with bobbin case and bobbin
(typical of any lockstitch sewing machine)
3. a take-up lever
. 4. an upper and a lower tension mechanism
5. a feed dog
6. Stitch forming and feeding mechanisms
7. a bobbin winder.
The Needle
In contrast to the hand sewing needle, the machine sewing needle has the eye
near its tip. It penetrates the material at every stitch, carrying the thread
down through the hole it has mode in the fabric. As it rises after reaching
the lowest point of its stroke, the thread bulges out on the short-groove side
of the needle to form a loop above its eye. This loop is entered ot the correct
time by the point of the shuttle or sewing hook (figs. 1 & 2).
l
1
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Sewing machine needles are available in many different varieties and sizes,
and are classified into several groups, or systems.
7
Fig. 3
Needle System 130 R
(Needle size, e. g.
No. 80, 90 or 1()()_
g iven in hundredths of
millimeters)
F = Flat side of shank
L = Length of needle
St = Needle size (shaft diameter)
I = long groove
k = Short groove
H = Scarf (cleoronce cut)
S = Point
0= Eye
Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6
Pfaff domestic sewing machines normally use System 130 R needles with flat
shank and scarf (Fig. 4). System 130 B round-shank needles are used for cord-
ing and two-needle fancy stitching. Make sure you use only "ORIGINAL
PFAFF" needles (see a lso page 81 ).
Needle sizes are determined by the shaft diameter (St in Fig. 5) and ore
measured in hundredths of millimeters. A No. 100 needle, for example, has a
blade diameter of
100
/Joo, or one, millimeter.
Opposite the flat side of the shank, a long groove extends all the way down
to the needle eye. On Pfaff zigzag and automatic sewing machines, this
groove must face toward the operator always. The scarf, or clearance cut,
marked H in Fig. 4 then faces toward the sewing hook.
The correct relationship between needle and thread size may be seen from the
Needle and Thread Chart on page 18.
The Sewing Hook
The functions of the sewing hook are (1) to enter with its point the needle
thread loop which forms at the needle eye as the needle ascends, (2) to en-
large this loop, and (3) to pass it around the stationary bobbin case (Fig. 6).
'
There are different types of loop takers, the most popular of which ore:
a. Shuttles that move in a race and are driven by a shuttle driver, such as the
central-bobbin, or oscillating, shuttle d·epicted in Fig. 7, and
b. Sewing hooks which ore carried on a shaft and revolve freely.
8
fig. 7 Oscillating shuttle Fig. 8 Rotary hook with floating bobbin case
1 = Shuttle race (cut-away view) 4 = Bobbin case 1 = Rotary hook 2 = Bobbin case
3 = Shuttle 8 = Shuttle driver 3 = Retainer
Fig. 9 Rotary hook with stationary
11 bobbin case
1 = Hook gib
2 = Hook point
3 = Hook shaft
4 = Bobb<n case bose
5 = Sewing hook
8 = Bobbtn case cop
9 = Center stud
10 = Bobbin case latch
11 = Bobbin case position finger
brocket
12 = Bobbin case position finger
The rotary sewing hooks mentioned under b. above are incorporated in
modern sewing machines in two varieties, known as:
a. The rotary hook with floating bobbin case. This type of sewing hook, as
the name implies, features a bobbin case which floats in the hook bowl
and is kept from falling out by a retainer (Fig. 8).
b. The rotary hook with stationary bobbin case. The bobbin case of this type
hook features a ring-shaped flange which runs in an annular groove, or
raceway, cut into the hook bowl. It is held in place by a hook gib so that
it cannot fall out while sewing. The bobbin case cap is pushed on the
center stud in the bobbin case base (Fig. 9).
e c h b g
f igs. 10- 14
9
The loop taker used in Pfaff 260 (360)- 261 domestic sewing machines is the
type of sewing hook described under b. above. It is a sewing hook of Pfaff's
own design which is rated as jam-proof. Mounted on a horizontal shaft, this
new Pfaff hook (Fig. 15) is set transverse to the direction of feed and moves
counter-clockwise, making two revolutions for each stitch. In other words, a
stitch is formed only at every other revolution of the sewing hook, which is a
favorable ratio for the take-up lever motion.
Fig. 15 Pfaff rotary hook
a = Position slot
b = Bobbin case bose
c = Bobbin
d = Bobbin case latch
e = Bobbin case cop
f =Sewing hook
g = Hook point
h = Hook thread guard
Fig. 16 Works of the Pfaff 260·261
10
8
Fig. 17
Text see page 12
--- 9
23
18
Stitdt Formation and F .. d Motion
Fig. 18
Text see page 12
t
19
Stitch Formation
1 Hinge stud
2 Take-up lever link
3 Toke-up crank
4 Motion pattern of the toke-up lever
5 Link toke-up lever
6 Needle bar crank
7 Needle bar connecting link
8 Needle bar connecting stud
9 Needle bar
10 Needle set screw
11 Needle holder
12 Needle
13 Hook point
14 Hook thread guard
15 Hook shaft
16 Hook drive shaft helical gears
17 Hook drive shaft
18 Rotary hook
19 Arm shaft
20 Driving belt sprocket, upper
21 Driving belt (Synchroflex)
22 Driving belt sprocket, lower
23 Driving belt (cord)
Note: The needle plate has been omitted in
order to give o better view.
The Take-Up Lever
Feed Motion
1 Pressure regulating screw
2 Presser bar guide collar
3 Presser bar lifting brocket
4 Presser bar
5 Thread cutter
6 Sewing foot
7 Center stud
8 Feed motion diagram
9 Feed dog
10 Feed bar
11 Feed lifting shaft crank, front
12 Center stud
13 Roller
14 Feed lifting shaft
15 Center stud
16 Feed rock shaft
17 Feed rock shaft crank
18 Center stud
19 Feed lifting shalt crank, rear
20 Finger-tip control H
21 Stitch length dial G
22 Feed regulator
23 Feed eccentric
24 Arm shaft
25 Feed lifting connection
26 Feed forked connection
The function of the take-up is to provide the correct amount of thread
required to enlarge the loop, and to draw back the excess thread after the loop
has passed around the bobbin case. As it approaches the highest point of its
stroke, the take-up lever, assisted by the advancing feed dog, pulls the stitch
tight and at the same time draws additional thread through the upper tension
for the next stitch.
All Pfaff domestic sewing machines are equipped with the long-valued link
take-up (Fig. 17).
fig. 19 Feed dog in operative position Fig. 20 Sewing forward and reverse
The Feed Dog
The principal function of the feed dog is to move the material forward or
backward in accordance with the stitch length set. Reverse feeding is used to
backtack the end of a seam.
12
Depending on the type of work the machine is intended to perform, it can be
supplied not only with an ordinary feed dog, but also with feed dogs featur-
ing a coarse or flne tooth cut.
Dropping the Feed Dog
The feed dog is dropped for darning, embroidering and button sewing. To
lower the feed dog (Fig. 21), turn drop feed control V clockwise (Fig. 22). The
fabric will cease feeding. When the control is flicked back to its normal posi-
tion, the feed dog wi ll show a full tooth above the needle plate as it advances
(Fig. 19), thus automatically resuming the feeding of the fabric.
fig. 22 Drop feed control
Fig. 21 Feed dog lowered
Stitch Length Regulation
The stitch length dial (Fig. 23) has two graduated sections of the some size,
one from 0 to l, and the other from l to 4. This feature greatly facilitates the
fine regulation of the sti1ch length for satin stitching. The dial can also be
set to any intermediate length between the graduation marks.
Figs. 23 & 24 Stitch length dial G with finger-t ip control H
13
Reverse Sewing
To backtack the beginning or end of a seam, the machine is briefly switched
to reverse stitching by depressing spring-loaded finger-tip control H. The
machine can be switched to backward sewing, regardless of the stitch length
set. When the control is released, the machine resumes forward sewing auto-
matically. If a longer stretch of seam is to be sewn in reverse, t urn the stitch
length dial counter-clockwise past 0, setting it on one of the two unnumbered
graduation marks (Fig. 24}.
First mark
Second mark
I.
Fig. 25
s
short reverse stitches,
long reverse stitches.
II.
Fig. 26
Fig . 2S Bobbin thread tension S
14
Ill.
Fig. 27
Fig. 29 Needle thread tension M
The Thread Tens ion
Both threads must be under proper tension to ensure a correct setting of
stitches. Depending on the type of fabric being sewn and the thread size
used, both tensions must be balanced so that the lock of the needle ond bob-
bin threads occurs exactly in the center of the material. The correct amount
of tension
on the needle thread is set by the upper tension (tension discs) on the
front of the machine (Fig. 29), and
on the bobbin thread, by the lower tension (flat spring) on the bobbin
case (Fig. 28).
The upper tension is so designed that all grades of tension, from loose to
tight, con be covered with one complete turn of the tension dial. Any desired
degree of tension con be set by the numbers indicated on the dial. This setting
can be quickly restored if the tension should hove been altered for some
special sewing job.
The needle thread tension has a third tension disc for two-needle work so
that both threads are separated in the tension mechanism.
The Bobbin Thread Tension
To balance the tensions correctly, begin by setting the bobbin thread tension
at a medium grade. To this end, tighten the regulat ing screw until a notice-
able resistance has to be overcome when pulling the thread.
Determine the correct bobbin thread tension by holding the thread end
between your fingers and letting the bobbin case hang freely. The tension
should be strong enough to keep the bobbin case from being pulled down by
its own weight. However, as you jerk your hand slightly, the bobbin case
should gradually slide down (Fig. 30).
Regulating the Thread Tension
No screwdriver is required to adjust the bobbin thread tension on Pfaff 260
and 360 machines. Instead, the knurled screw on the bobbin case con be
turned with the thumb tip, as follows:
Turn it left for a looser tension,
and right, for a tighter tension.
Do not turn the knurled screw too for out so that it will not fall out and get
lost.
15
The Needle Thread Tension
Once the bobbin thread tension has been set correctly, the final stitd1 ap-
pearance can be regulated by the upper tension dial.
Sketch Ill (Fig. 27) depicts the perfect stitch. Both threads are interlaced in the
center of the material.
In sketch I (Fig. 25), the threads interlock on the underside of the fabric.
Cause: Upper tension too loose or lower tension too tight.
In sketch II (Fig. 26), the threads interlock on the surface of the fabric.
Cause: Upper tension too tight or lower tension too loose.
In zigzag sewing, the lock of the thread should occur exactly at the zigs ana
zags of the seam (Fig. 32).
s
Fig. 30
Determining correct
bobbin thf eod tension
16
Fig. 32 Zigzag seam
(tap and bottom)
Fig. 31 Bobbin winding
General Chedtup
Before the machine is delivered to the customer it must be given a thorough
checkup to ascertain that it will function properly. Unfortunately, all kinds of
sewing trouble may be caused in transit.
Winding the Bobbin
To make the machine ready for sewing, wind No. 60 thread on the bobbin, at·
the same time checking the correct working of the bobbin winder. Check to
see, in particular, that the bobbin is wound evenly and that the bobbin winder
stops automatically when the bobbin is full (see page 16).
Inserting the Bobbin Case
Insert o full bobbin into the bobbin case and check the tension on the bobbin
thread (see page 15).
Hoving ascertained that the tension is correct, check to see that the needle is
above the needle plate before you insert the bobbin case in the machine.
With the thumb and forefinger of·your left hand, lift bobbin case latch k and
turn the bobbin case until the slot marked with on arrow in Fig. 34 points up.
Then place it on center stud s in the bobbin case base.
Release latch k and press against the bobbin case until you hear it snap into
place. An improperly inserted bobbin case is opt to cause needle breakage.
In replacing the bobbin case make sure that the loose end of the bobbin
thread will not get jammed in the hook raceway.
Fig. 33 Engaging and disengaging t he sewing
mechanism
Fig. 34 Inserting the bobbin case
17
NEEDLE AND THREAD CHART
I
I
Mercerized Needle
Types of Fabrics
Cotton
Sill<
Size
I
Fine Fabrics
80
I
0
such as georgette, chiffon, batiste,
to
to 60
000 70
voile, lawn, silk.
I
100
twist
-
-
Lightweight Fabrics
70
A&B
such as dress silks and cottons, to
twist
80
sheer woolens, shirting, draperies. 80
I
Medium Fabrics
50
such as lightweight woolens,
to
B&C
90
madras, muslin, brocades, heavy
70
twist
silks and rayon, gabardine.
-----
Heavy Fabrics
40
such as coating, denim, corduroy,
C&D
100
slipcover fabrics, bed lickings,
to
twist
lightweight canvas.
50
Very Heavy Fabrics
I
24
E
90
such as heavy lickings, canvas,
to
twisl
to
overcoating, sailcloth, upholstery. 40 110
I
------
Synthetics, Rayon, Acetate I
Determined by Determined b)·
including nylon, orion, docron, weight of fabric thread size
plastics, etc.
40 to 50 60 to 80
18
Threading the Needle
Insert a new No. 80 needle and place a spool of No. 50 thread on the spool
pin. The bobbin thread should be one size smaller than the needle thread.
Then thread the needle os shown in Fig. 35 above.
The appearance of the finished seam depends on the correct relationship
between needle, thread and fabric. To select the proper needle and thread
sizes, therefore, consult the Needle and Thread Chart on page 18.
Figs. 36 & 37 Changing the needle plate
19
Fig. 38 Needle bar frame S
Zigzag Sewing
-
Fig. 39 Lever B changes the position of the
needle in the needle plate slot
To make the zigzag stitch and the innumerable decorative st itches derived
from it, the machine must be fitted with a vibrating, rather than a rigid, needle
bar. In other words, in addition to moving up and down, the needle must be
capable of swinging sideways, i. e. crosswise to the direction of feed. To
accompl ish this, the needle bar of a zigzag sewing machine is carried in a
vibrating frame. The sideways motion of the needle bar emanates from an
eccentric and is transmitted to the needle bar frame by a pitman. The amount
of sideways motion is determined by the stitch width set.
The sti tch width is increased by :turning dial A clockwise (the higher the num-
ber on the dial, the wider the stitch}: The maximum sti tch width is about
3
/t6",
or 4.5 mm (Fig. 40).
When dial A is set on 0, the machine will sew straight.
The Zigzag Mechanism
The design of the zigzag control used on Pfaff machines 260 and 360 and Pfaff
Automatics 260-261 and 360-261 differs from that of the former Pfaff 230 and
332 machines. The well-known zigzag knob of these machines has been re-
placed by the knurled st itch width dial A.
20
The Finger-Tip Control
When you depress finger-tip control F of the zigzag mechanism (Fig. 41 ), you
can switch the machine from straight to zigzag stitching, the stitch width
being about
3
/16H, or 4.5 mm. The machine resumes. straight stitching as soon
as the lever is released.
When stitch width dial A is set between 1 and 2 and lever B in notch 1, you
can double the stitch width by depressing the finger-tip control. This is
particularly important for making buttonholes and non-automatic embroidery
designs. When dial A is set at 1.5 for sewing the buttonhole seam, you can
instantly double the stitch (increasing it to 3) for bartacking the end of the
buttonhole.
This eliminates a number of movements that were required previously.
When finger-tip control F is pushed up, rather than down, while the machine
is zigz:ag stitching, it will be switched to straight stitching instantly, regard-
less of the stitch width set. This feature is important for tying off a seam.
Changing the Needle Position
To change the position of the needle in the needle plate slot, lever B is moved
from the center (normal position) to the right or left, as may be desired
(Fig. 39).
Note: Dial A serves to regulate only the stitch width while the spacing
between stitches, or the stitch density, is regulated by stitch length dial G
(page 13).
Fig. 40 . Stitch width dial A Fig. 41 Stitch width finger-tip control F
21
Mechanical Principle of Automatic Machines
If you want to sew decorative seams on on ordinary ·zigzag sewing machine,
you hove to move stitch width dial A, needle position lever B or finger-tip
control F in rhythm, as may be required to produce the respective embroidery
design. This is no easy matter and requires a great deal of practice and skill.
Ornamental stitching is greatly simplified, however, if a special mechanism is
built into the .machine which operates the . above• mentioned controls auto-
matically. A machine incorporating an automatic embroidery mechanism of
this sort is called an "Automatic".
The mechanical principle of indirect control incorporated 1n an Automatic 1s
shown in Fig. 42 below.
Feeler finger 2 rides on the rim of pattern com 3 and, via a lever assembly,
transmits the varying throws of the revolving com to zigzag regulator stud 5.
As a result, the slot at the bock of this stud constantly changes its direction
and, thus, .alters the stitch width. This is how a decorative seam is produced
(see samples illustrated in Fig. 43).
1
Fig. 42 Diagram showing the mechanical
principle of indirect needle bor
from e control
z
1 = Pivot 7 = Needle bor frame pitman
2 = Feeler finger 8 = Needle bight of
3 = Pattern com
1
/ u•, or 4.0 mm
4 = Slide block 9 = Needle plate
5 = Zigzag regulator stud 10 = Needle bar
6 = Needle vibrating 11 = Needle bar frame
eccentric 0 = No needle throw
(straight stitch)
Machines incorporating the principle of direct needle bar frame control work
differently. They ore so designed that both the zigzag regulator stud and the
needle bar frame ore operated from the pattern com direct (see Fig. 44); in
other words, the sideways motion of the needle bar frame is not derived from
on eccentric.
Each pattern com normally produces only one basic embroidery design. To
change over from one design to another, a new pattern com must be inserted
in the machine.
Mecftanical Principle of the Pfaff -261 Automatic
Both the Pfaff 260 flat-bed and the Pfaff 360 free-arm sewing machines are so
designed that they con be converted into automatic machines at any time.
The automatic embroidery mechanism used for these machines con be easily
installed in the mochin·e arm. This arm, which is open at the top, is closed with
a special top cover supplied with the automatic embroidery mechanism.
In contrast to automatic devices which ore so designed that the throw of the
pattern com is transmitted to the needle bar frame· directly (Fig. 44), the Pfaff
automatic embroidery mechanism controls the needle motion indirectly, i.e.
through the needle position and stitch width regulator assemblies. As a result,
1 Fig. 44 Diagram showing the mechanical principle of direct needle
bar frome control
7
1 = Pivot
2 = Feeler finger
3 = Pattern cam
4 = Slide block
5 = SloHed lever
6 = Pivot
7 = Needle bar frame pitman
8 = Needle bight
9 = Needle plate
10 = Needle bor
11 = Needle bar frame
0 = No needle throw (straight stitch)
23
the mechanical principle of positively controlling the needle motion by an
eccentric has been preserved in this machine (Fig. 42). Automatic machines
incorporating this feature offer the additional advantage that the needle posi-
tion and the stitch width can be varied either singly or jointly and that all
patterns can be sewn in different lengths without altering the stitch density.
The Pfaff -261 automatic embroidery mechanism features a built-in, exchange-
able cam assembly made up of eight pattern cams of different shape (Fig. 97).
With the aid of the embroidery design dial, controls A, B, C, D, E and F of
both the machine and the automatic embroidery mechanism (Fig. 113) can be
set to produce several hundred attractive embroidery stitches.
Another advantage afforded by this automatic embroidery mechanism is that
the rotational speed of its cam assembly can be varied at will by setting the
pattern length lever (4 in Fig. 46) anywhere between 0 and 7. All basic designs
can, thus, be lengthened or shortened while retaining the stitch density.
All motions utilized in the automatic embroidery mechanism emanate from
an eccentric which is arranged on the arm shaft and simultaneously serves as
a set collar (6 in Fig. 46). Pressed against this eccentric by spring action is
roller 1 which is carried on driving lever 2. As the arm shaft rotates, the
eccentric pushes the roller and the driving lever sideways a certain distance.
The amount of sideways motion determines the rotational speed of com
assembly 5.
In order to provide a possibility of varying this speed, the eccentric tapers off
toward the right and the position of the driving lever can be varied in relation
to regulating slide 3. As a result, the number of stitches per cam revolution can
be increased or decreased, as required (Figs. 45-47).
When the regulating slide is moved to the right as far as it will go, the driving
lever roller is opposite the concentric collar of the eccentric and out of con-
tact with the eccentric so that the Iotter idles. As a result, the driving lever re-
mains in its starting position (Fig. 45) and the com assembly is not rotated. The
automatic embroidery mechanism is completely disengaged.
Key to drawings on opposite page
1 - Roller
2 -
Driving lever
3
Regulating slide
4 - Pattern length lever
5
- Cam assembly
6 -
Driving eccentric for automatic
embroidery mechanism
7 = Arm shaft
24
Continued on p a ~ e 26
VO Pattern cam does not rotate
Vl - Maximum amount of pattern
cam rotation
V3 Medium amount of pattern
cam rotation
This is how the driving eccentric works
I
~ 0
fig. 45
Fig. 46
Fig. 47
25
As the regulating slide is moved to the left, the roller rides up on the conical
port of the driving eccentric. The farther the regulating slide is moved to the
left, the larger will be the throw of the driving lever ond the higher the rota-
tional speed of the com assembly. Thi s speed, in turn, determines not only the
length o·f the design, but also the number of stitches it contains.
A Iorge throw of the driving lever causes the com assembly to rotate quickly,
thus producing fewer stitches and a shorter des.ign (Figs. 46 and 50).
And conversely, a small throw of the driving lever causes the com assembly
to rotate slowly, thus producing more stitches and a longer design (Figs. 47
and SO).
The rotat ional speed of the com assembly con thus be varied between 25 and
100 stitdhes per com revolution and design. The role of speed is controlled by
lever E (Fig. 113) which is arranged on the top cover and has eight graduations.
As this lever is turned from one graduation to the next, on eccentric pin on the
pattern length regulat ing crank (50561) engages in the fork of the regulating
slide (c in Fig. 109) and moves this slide lengthwise of the machine arm.
Fig. 48 Cam assembly backlash retainer
3 5 7
26
fig. 49 Cam assembly feed clutch
Fig. 50 Various pattern lengths as are ob-
tained by setting lever E (4 in
Fig. 46) at positions 1, 3, 5 and 7,
respectively.
To ensure that the cam assembly will rotate only when the needle is out of the
material, the position of the driving eccentric (Figs. 79 and 80) on the arm
shaft must be adjusted in proper relation to the needle bar crank (105057). Dur-
ing each revolution of the arm shaft, the driving lever rna kes one sideways
motion and, through a connecting lever (50371 ), rotates the cam assembly by
a fraction of one revolution (intermittent feed) .
The com assembly naturally must revolve in one direction only and, in addi-
tion, must be retained in its position each time the driving lever returns for its
next stroke. This requirement has necessitated the incorporation of a feed
clutch assembly made up of a roller clutch (50473) and a clutch body (50483)
with a backlash The exchangeable cam assembly is secured in posi-
tion on the collar of the clutch body by a beehive spring and a thumb nut
(a in Fig. 51).
Eight feeler fingers, arranged spirally around a center stud and offset at an
angle of 45° agai nst one another, make up the feeler finger assembly (t in
Fig. 111 ). Cam selector dial D (Fig. 111) has eight graduations, one for each
feeler finger. By turning this dial one eighth of a turn at a time, each feeler
'
finger is set alternately to engage the cam opposite. All possible settings of
the feeler finger assembly can be covered with one complete turn of dial D.
As the cam assembly rotates, the feeler finger rides on the rim of the corre-
sponding pattern cam and transmits its rhythmic throws to the feeler finger
assembly carrier (50386), an adjustable connection (50400), ond the engaging
lever driver (50499).
This driver carries t hree studs (50498) each of which is provided with a slot to
receive one of the three engaging levers (50431, 50585, and 50599). Two of
these levers are hinged to a connecting rod (105193), and one to the zigzag
regulator arm (106178).
The front and central engaging levers control the stitch width and are secured
in the two holes of the connecting rod by means of eccentric studs. Since each
hole is arranged at a different distance from the fulcrum of the connecting
rod, the engaging lever connected to the lower of the two holes will cause the
zigzag regulator stud (106177) to make a larger rotation than will the engaging
lever secured in the top hole. In addition, the ·front stud makes a larger side-
ways motion than do the two others.
All motions are adapted to one another so that the front engaging lever con-
trols the needle motion for the entire width of bightJ while the central engaging
lever controls the needle motion only for half the needle throw.
The needle position is controlled by the rear engaging lever whose stroke is
the shortest of them all and actuates the zigzag regulator arm.
27
Fig. 51 Pfaff -261 automatic embroidery mechanism.
Dial C controls the seHing of engaging levers d,, dt and dt
Which engaging lever, or levers, is to be applied in conveying the throw of the
pattern cam to the zigzag mechanism is determined by the position of the cam
stud (50418) which carries engaging lever dial C. This dial can be turned to six
positions. When set on zero (see Fig. 52), all three engaging levers are raised
against the pressure exerted by the spring assembly arranged above.
With all three engaging levers raised, the controls of the Pfaff Automatic can
be set like those of any ordinary zigzag sewing machine.
When dial C is set at any other position, one or two engaging levers are en-
gaged and transmit the motion of the engaging lever driver to the zigzag
mechanism. The engaged lever falls into the slot of the stud underneath so that
the transverse pin in this slot enters its notch.
When set at any position between 1 and 5, respectively, dial C effects the fol-
lowing settings in the automatic embroidery mechanism:
28
Fig. 52 Engaging lever d ial C
Fig. 53 Set screw g and mark h
(see adjustment procedure on page 66)
Dial Cat 1
The central engaging lever is engaged and automatically controls the needle
motion for half the width of bight. The needle position con be set by hand.
Dial Cat 2
Both the central and rear engaging levers ore engaged simultaneously, auto-
matically controlling the needle motion for half the width of bight and the
needle position, respectively.
Dial Cat 3
The rear engaging lever is engaged and automatically controls the needle
position. The desired stitch width con be set by hand.
Dial Cat 4
The front engaging lever is engaged and automatically controls the needle
motion for the entire width of bight. The needle position con be set by hand.
Dial C at5
Both the front and rear engaging levers ore engaged simultaneously, auto-
matically controlling the needle motion for the entire width of bight and 1he
needle position, respectively.
The Electrical Equipment
The electrical equipment of all Pfaff 260 and 360 sewing machines, with or
without automatic embroidery mechanism, conforms to international safety
regulations. Neutral electrical testing laboratories in Germany, Denmark, Nor-
way, Sweden, Canada, and the U.S. hove confirmed this. To comply with the
29
approval and test specifications of the Association of German Electrical En·
gineers (VDE), the electrical equipment of our machines must hove either on
earthing lead or double insulation.
Inasmuch as we are convinced that insulating is more effective than earthing,
the electrical equipment incorporated in all Pfaff 260 and 360 sewing machines
is doubly insulated. This means that the normal insulation (e. g. between the
motor winding and the laminations) is complemented by a second protective
insulation. In the case of the motors used with Cl. 260 and 360 machines, this
insulation consists of a plastic housing.
If the normal insulation should foil (e. g. if the motor winding should be
scorched), the additional insulation will reliably protect the user against elec-
tric shock.
Since this protective insulation is of great importance to the safety of the user,
it is subjected to a stringent test at our factory. In the course of this test,
500-volt A. C. is applied to the normal insulation, while 4,.400-volt A. C. is
applied to the protective insulation of the completed machine. If neither a
puncture nor a flashover has occured during a peri od of one second, the
protective insulation has, in effect, passed the test with 20 times the normal
load of 220 volts.
The type of insulation used (double insulation) is indicated on the model plate
of the machine by two squares, one inside the other.
This type of insulation affords the advantage that practically no leakage of
current will occur as a result of an aged normal insulation, a defective earthing
wire, or the use of spark arrester. The danger of on electric shock has thus
been successfully eliminated.
The foot control of the machine, on the other hand, is connected to earth by
means of a safety plug. This connection posses from the wall outlet to the plug
and thence to the foot control , without passing through the machine itself.
The ground connection will be effective only i f the safety plug is used together
with a safety socket that is actually earthed. Do not foil to impress this fact
upon your customers as otherwise the earthing lead would be useless.
Warning
Whoever installs into our machines motors or other electrical ports of a make
other than Pfaff thereby violates the German Trade Marks Act, for Pfaff sew-
ing machines hove been awarded the VDE seal only on account of the high
quality of their electrical equipment.
30
Suppression of Radio and TV Interference
Motors and speed controls of household sewing machines are among the
electrical equipment which frequently causes radio and TV interference.
The sparks occurring at the commutator and the contacts are miniature "jam-
ming stations", which interfere with radio and TV reception over the power
cords and through radiation.
The amount of interference is determined by the ratio between the useful
energy received !by the transmitter and the disturbing energy emitted.
The same amount of disturbing energy which will interfere with the reception
of a local station only slightly, will interfere much more seriously with the re-
ception of a distant station whose transmitting power is weak. Our customers,
therefore, should be advised to use an outdoor aerial for their radio and TV
sets in order to ensure good reception also for distant stations.
In Germany, the VDE (Association of German Electrical Engineers) has set the
limits of maximum permissible radio and TV interference in the entir-e fre-
quency range from 0.15 to 300 megacycles per second. This frequency range
covers the long, medium, short, and ultra-short wave bands as well as TV.
The degree of interference has been classified into three groups, as follows:
G (coarse)
N (normal)
K (negligible)
The degree of interference caused by our electrical equipment lies below
group N, which is very favorable.
The whole problem of radio interference suppression is exceedingly difficult.
To ensure a degree of radio interference suppression which would meet all
conceivable requirements would be much too expensive at present. For this
reason, a compromise has been reached which is laid down in the VDE speci-
fications. These specifications are adhered to in making our sewing machines
non-static.
Pfaff household sewing machines have been tested and approved by the VDE.
As a result, Pfaff is authorized to state the degree of radio interference sup-
pression obtained on the model plate: Normal FN 59.
Note
To ensure effective radio interference suppression, make sure when repairing
a machine that you use the same radio noise filters that were installed in the
machine originally.
31
The lighting System
The lighting system comprises the following component parts:
1. The Push-Button Switch
Located on the front of the machine, this switch is capable of withstanding
100,000 switching actions.
2. The 15-wattlight Bulb
It is tubular in shape and has a bayonet socket. Preference was given to
this type of socket because bayonet-socket bulbs con be obtained in coun-
tries throughout the world.
Other advantages are that this bulb can be easily exchanged and will not
be loosened by vibration. Its burning life is 1000 hours, provided the line
voltage corresponds to the voltage stamped on the bulb. The burning li fe
of the bulb, as well as its luminous power, is greatly affected by the line
voltage. A slight increase in line voltage will result in a drastic reduction of
its burning life.
3. The Lamp Socket
The lamp socket is secured to a grille which has a bent tab at its end so
that it can be easily grasped and swung out (Fig. 54).
When inserting a new bulb, be sure to slide its two pins F (Fig. 54) into the
slots of the bayonet socket. Then press the bulb in and turn it clockwise. To
take the bulb out of its socket, simply proceed in reversed sequence.
Fig. 54 Changing the light bulb Fig. 55 Cross section of Pfaff foot control
6 7
32
The Electric Drive
1. General
All domestic sewing machines are equipped with series motors which are
characterized by the fact that their speed is dependent upon the load. This
being so, a certain rat io must be observed between their output and their
speed. If the motor is too powerful for the job at hand, it is li kely to disturb
the balance of the electrical system and to cause premature wear of, or
even damage to, the sewing machine.
2. The Speed Control
The motor speed depends not only on the torque required to drive the
machine, but also on the voltage applied to the motor. This fact is used to
control the motor speed.
A variable resistor is placed in the motor circuit. This rheostat is available
as a foot, knee, or treadle control (Figs. 57-59), as may be desired by the
customer.
I
7
4
1 = Combinot1on plUg
2 = Double receptacle
3 = Safety pJug
4 = Foot control
Fig. 56 Built-in Pfaff PE 370
motor
5 = Light switch
6 = Light bulb with grille
(swi ng-out type)
7 = Motor with radio noise
filler
33
All ffaff speed controls are equipped with a resistor made of nickeline
wire which is extremely durable and will withstand hard wear.
One of the lows of electricity says that the energy onrnihiloted in the rheo-
stat is inevitably converted into heat and that the amount of heat released
in the process is the some, regardless whether a carbon-pile or a wire
rheostat is involved.
Occasional complaints about this fact indicate that this physical low is not
enough known among our customers.
3. The ,PE 370 Motor
34
This type of motor is used in the Pfaff 360 (-261) free-arm portable sewing
machine.
In compliance with safety regulat ions, the PE 370 motor is enclosed 10 a
plastic housing. Its principal components are as follows:
1. Stator
2. Rotor with commutator
3. End shield (drive end), with powder-metal bearing and screwholes for
mounting it on the motor base plate
4. End shield (opposite end), with powder-metal bearing and brushholder
5. Carbon brushes
When operating at 4,700 r.p.m., the motor has on output of 30 watts which
corresponds to the power required to drive a portable sewing machine and
guarantees a minimum sewing speed of 1,200 s.p.m.
The motor, together with the radio noise filter and the terminal box, is
mounted on the motor base plate. The technical data of the motor is
recorded on the rating plate which is screwed onto the bottom of the motor
base plate. The wiring of the motor is illustrated in Fig. 56.
Fi g. 57 Treadle control Fig. 58 Knee control Fig. 59 Fool control
Fig. 60 Built-in Pfaff 260 motor
1 = Combination plug
2 = Double receptacle
3 = Sofety plug
4 = Foot control
4. The PE 260 Motor
5 = Light switch
6 = Light bulb with grille (swing-out type)
7 = Motor with rodio noise filter
3
This type of motor is used in the Pfaff 260 (-261) sewing machine. In com-
pliance with safety regulations, the PE 260 motor is enclosed in a plastic
housing (see note on insulation on page 30). Its principal components are as
follows:
1. Stator
2. Motor with commutator
3. Housing section (drive end), with powder-metal bearing and screwholes
for mounting it on the motor bracket
4. Housing section (opposite end), with powder-metal bearing and brush-
holder
5. Carbon brushes
When operating at 7,500 r.p.m., the motor has an output of 45 watts which
guarantees a minimum sewing speed of 1,500 s.p.m.
Multi-Voltage Motors for Pfaff 260 and 360 Machines
Effective July, 1961, Type PE 261 and PE 371 motors are available for Pfaff 260
and 360 machines, respectively, which can be switched to three voltage ranges,
as desired.
35
These motors hove the some dimensions as the PE 260 and PE 370 motors and
ore equipped with a voltage selector switch which con be set to the desired
voltage range by means of an ordinary screwdriver. The voltage ranges incor-
porated ore as follows:
105-130 volts
II 135-165 volts
Ill 200-250 volts
A specially dimensioned speed control is supplied with these motors.
Maintenance
Lubrication
Pfaff household sewing machine motors require no additional lubrication, for
they are equipped with self-lubricating powder-metal bearings.
Importan t
Before you proceed to check the electrical equipment, olwoys pull the plug out
of the wall outlet because an electric shock may be fatal.
Changing the Carbon Brushes
The quality of the carbon brushes used in our sewing machines guarantees a
long service life.
When replacing a used brush which was found to be serviceable still, make
sure its worn end faces toward the commutator (the curvature of this worn end
should match the curvature of the commutator). If it is inserted with the wrong
end facing the commutator,. heavy sparking will result.
To exchange a carbon brush, unscrew the cap by turning it counter-clockwise,
and toke the old brush out. When inserting a new brush, take care that it
slides down into the duct until it contacts the commutator. Then slip the cap
over the spring, push it against the brush duct, and screw it down by turning
it clockwise.
Take care that the new carbon brushes are the same quality as those used in
the motor originally. The perfect working of the motor and a long service life
of both the commutator and the brushes depend on it.
Cleaning the Commutator
From time to time, check and clean the commutator. To do this, wipe the com-
mutator with a rag moistened with cleaning fluid. If grooves or scorched spots
should occur on the commutator, it is advisable to send the complete motor to
the factory for re-turning. the commutator, a job which calls for special skill.
Storing Sewing Heads and Cabinets
It goes without saying that sewing machine storerooms must be absolutely dry.
If adverse local conditions make it impossible to meet this requirement, it is
36
strongly recommended to install o dehumidifier which will keep the degree of
moisture constant, irrespective of the season. Moisture, particularly when it
rises from the floor, has a highly detrimental effect on the machines and cabi-
nets stored. When machines are stored in moist locations, even the film of
rust preventative fluid which has been applied to the machines at the factory
cannot prevent the occurrence of a slight trace of rust. If cabinets with mounted
machines are to be stored in their cartons, make sure that the packing has
not absorbed any moisture in transit. If it has, unpack the machine at once and
store it separately. Sewing heads ore best stored on shelves, and cabinets,
whether packed or unpacked, on a loth grid.
Checking Cabinets and Stand's
Before mounting the sewing head, check and oil the cabinet or treadle stand
selected for the machine in question. To do this, place it on a level surface and
check whether the door and all drawers open easily. If not, apply a little pa-
raffin wax to all frictional surfaces. Next, if the machine in question is foot-
driven, oil the following ports of the treadle mechonism:
l. Treadle wheel bearing
2. Pitman bearing
3. Treadle bearing
Check to see that the treadle has no excessive play between the centers. If ad-
justment is required, take a wrench, loosen the set screw of one of the centers,
and push the center against the treadle as far as it will go, without rotating it.
Securely tighten the set screw which engages the flat spot on the center. After
the adjustment, check to make sure the treadle moves easily.
AHaching the Bedplate Extension
(German-made cabinets only)
Stand the machine upright so that it rests on its needle-bar end (place a felt
pad under the face cover), and turn the bedplate toward you.
Hold the bedplate extension so that its connecting clip faces downward, and
slip it onto the balance-wheel end of the bedplate, insert screw and washer,
bring the extension in line with the bedplote, and screw it down. Minor cor-
rections may be mode when the sewing head is mounted on the cabinet.
Mounting the Sewing Head
Open the cabinet on which the machine is to be mounted, and swing up the
sewing head hinges as far os they will go. Then turn out the set screws on the
37
machine far enough so that they do not protrude into the boreholes which
receive the hinge studs.
Seize the machine by the front end and the arm standard oncf tilt it bock
slightly. Then push it onto the studs, making sure that both studs enter the bore-
holes simultaneously, and slide it down as for as it will go. Failure to observe
this rule may cause the studs to be bent. Now swing the machine down to the
normal position for sewing. Check whether there is on even and sufficiently
wide interspace between the front edge of the bedplote and the top flap of the
cabinet. If this space should be too wide, slip as many spacers {28419) onto the
hinge studs as may be required to reduce it to normal. Tilt the machine bock
and tighten the set screws securely so that they will not loosen when the ma-
chine, dropped into its cabinet, is shipped to the customer.
Great caution must also be used in lifting the machine off the hinge studs.
Make particularly sure that the set screws ore turned out for enough.
Removing the Rust-Preventative Fluid
Before they leave the factory, all Pfaff sewing machines are sprayed with o
rust-preventative fluid in order to prevent rust occurring on the metal surfaces
in transit and subsequent storage. It cannot be avoided in applying this fluid
that tiny drops occasionally enter the bearings where they may cause hard
running of the machine. To prevent this, rinse all bearings with cleaning fluid,
or kerosene, and apply Pfaff sewing machine oil to all oiling points before
the machine is delivered to the customer.
Cleaning and Oiling
No Pfaff dealer should foil to impress upon his customers the importance of
regular machine core, for the longevity, smooth running, and satisfactory per-
formance of the machine depend on it. (See also the illustrations on pages
40 and 41).
Removing the Top Cover
Af.ter removing the top cover, it is possible to reach all oiling points and to
adjust the various mechanisms located in the machine arm.
Two studs hold the top cover in position on the arm costing. To remove the
top cover from the machine, lift it up perpendicularly.
38
Cleaning the Feed Dog and the Sewing Hook
lint is likely to accumulate on the underside of the needle plate and in the
vicinity of the sewing hook. Therefore, from time to time, strip the needle plate
and remove the lint accumulated on its underside as well as packed between
the tooth rows of the feed dog. At the same time, do not forget to clean the
sewing hook (Fig. 66).
Important
Use non-resinous and acid-free Pfaff sewing machine oil only. Never use ani-
mal or vegetable oils, for they are entirely unsuitable.
In general it may be said that the bearing surfaces of all moving and rotating
parts require regular lubrication. The oiling points are marked by arrows in
Figs. 61...05 and, hence, will be found easily.
To rinse the machine with cleaning fluid thoroughly, it is best to place it on a
stand. Provided proper caution is used, it may be rinsed even after it has been
mounted on a cabinet.
Here is the procedure to follow:
Tilt the machine back and squirt cleaning fluid into all oilholes marked by an
arrow in the pertinent illustrations. Use a separate oiler for this purpose.
Make sure that the clip belt does not come in contact with the cleaning fluid
or the oil, as this may cause hard running of the machine.
One or two drops of oil normally ore sufficient for each oiling point. Running
the machine for just a few minutes will suffice to work the oil thoroughly into
all the bearings. Excessive oiling will cause soiling of the work, the excess oil
forming residues which, together with the accumulated dust and lint, in time
will couse heavy working of the machine.
Removing and Replacing the Face Cover
The face cover normally need only be removed when the needle and presser
bars have to be adjusted or the ports at this end of the machine need clean-
ing. To do this, loosen set screw K (Fig. 63) and pull the face cover down, then
away from the machine.
Replacing the face cover is very simple because on PfafF 260 and 360 machines
no part of the needle threader mechanism is aHached to the face cover.
39
It is recommended, about once every six months, to squirt ample cleaning fluid
into all oilholes. Then raise the presser foot, unthread the needle, and run the
machine at high speed. After all dirt and gummed oil hove been washed out,
oil the machine and wipe it dry. This procedure will help preserve the smooth
running of the machine, and should be applied regardless whether the ma-
chine is used regularly or not at all. Cleaning and lubricating the sewing hook
is illustrated on page 41. See also the illustrations on page 84.
Fig. 61 Oiling points of lhe Pfaff 260 (top cover removed)
Fig. 62 Oiling points of the Pfaff 260·261 Automatic (top cover removed)
40
Fig. 63 Oiling points ot the front end of the mochine
(top ond foce covers removed)
Fig. 64 Oiling points on the undersiae of the Pfoff 260
Fig. 65 Oiling the sewing hook Fig. 66 Cleaning the sewing hook
41
The Needle Threader
Operation of the needle threader is extremely easy. Simply make sure that the
needle is at its highest position, i. e. that the lower hole of the ascending toke-
up lever d (Fig. 67) is in line with the bottom edge of the top cover. Then lower
the sewing foot and:
1. With your left hand, push needle threader control p down until threader
prong w penetrates the needle eye. Keep the control in this position.
2. Hold the thread loosely and lead it from the left around the small pin q,
then place it behind the hook of threader prong w.
3. Release control p slightly until prong w reverses and pulls the thread
through the needle eye (Figs. 68-71 and 96}.
4. Jerk control p down again so that the thread loop will fall off prong w.
Pull the thread through the needle eye by hand and release control p.
The needle is threaded from front to bode:.
Turn the balance wheel to draw the bobbin thread up through the needle
hole, and place both threads bock under the sewing foot.
Stitching Oft the Machine
Begin to stitch off the machine on a medium-grade fabric. Whoever wonts to
be sure that his customer will be really satisfied with the performance of his
machine, will also try it out on delicate and heavy fabrics. Establish the correct
needle thread tension while sewing on these materials with straight and zigzag
stitches.
The complete range of sewing tests includes stitching across tucks as well as
sewing forward and backward with the machine set for straight stitches of
varying lengths.
Figs. 67-71 Threading the needle with the Pfaff needle threader
42
Even when stitching delicate fabr ics, the machine must produce a seam which
does not pucker. All of the above tests, naturally, should be repeated with
narrow and wide zigzag stitches. Also try out whether the machine works pro-
perly when you overcast an edge, and check to see that it does not skip stitches
when the needle stitches over the edge.
After switching back to straight stitching, check the performance of the machine
with different needle positions.
Checking the Automatic Mechanism
If the machine in question is equipped with an automatic embroidery mecha-
nism (Pfaff 260-261 and Pfaff 360-261), stitch various embroidery designs to
check the performance of this mechanism. For best results, choose the follow-
ing settings:
D 3- C 2- B left - E 1
D 7- C 3- B left- E 1
D 4 - C 5- B left- E 1
Run the machine slowly and check whether the automatic embroidery mecha-
nism works properly as it gradually changes the stitch width from 0 to 4, and
bock to 0 again. The mechanism must not get stuck in the process, nor should
the thread break.
Before an Automatic is delivered to the customer, it should be oiled thoroughly.
Do not forget to put a few drops of oil on the oil pad which serves to provide
a constant oil film on the rims of the individual pattern cams.
Regulating the Pressure on the Material
The medium amount of pressure for which the presser bar has been set at the
factory will be found adequate for all ordinary sewing operations and need
not be changed. If mostly sheer and delicate fabrics are to be sewn, however,
ease the pressure exerted by the presser bar spring by turning out regulating
screw V (Fig. 75). To increase the pressure for dense and thick materials, turn
screw V inwardly.
Observe these general rules:
Normal pressure:
light pressure:
Strong pressure:
Regulating screw is flush with top of casting.
Regulating screw protrudes about '/s' from top of casting.
Do not turn the screw out too far as, otherwise, it will bear
against the top cover.
Regulating screw is about
3
h6• below top of casting.
43
Threading the Machine for Two-Needle Work
The needle thread tension has a third tension disc which separates the threads
in the tension mechanism. For the same reason, the take-up lever has two bore-
holes, one for each needle thread. How the machine is threaded for two-needle
work is illustrated in Fig. 72. Twin needles cannot be threaded with the needle
threader.
Fig. 72 Threading diogrom
for two needles
-€
Fig. 73 Attaching the double-needle
holder
Preparing the Machine for Two-Needle Decorative Sewing
To sew decorative designs with two needles, the needle plate, feed dog, and
sewing foot must be exchanged for on identical ports set designed for a stitch
width of
1
/ /' , or 6 mm. {This ports set is supplied at extra cost.) *)
Converting the machine for two-needle decorative sewing is very simple. Begin
by removing the needle plate. Set the machine for the longest stitch and turn
the balance wheel bock and forth until the front and rear set screws in the
feed dog con be reached with a screwdriver. Exchange the norma l feed dog
for the feed dog designed for a stitch width of
1
/4", or 6 mm. Before you screw
it down for good, replace the needle plate, and check whether the feed dog
moves freely in the feed slot {see page 53). If it does, remove the needle plate,
tighten the feed dog set screws, and screw on both the needle p!ote and the
sewing foot designed for a stitch width of
1
//', or 6 mm.
•) Note : All Pfaff 260 machines suppl ied after January, 1962, ore equipped with o feed dog which
need not be changed any more.
To make two-needle ornamentations and tucks, the machine must be equipped
with a double-needle holder designed for a needle gouge of
5
/6•H, or 2,0 mm
(1 05381 x 2,0). Available at extra cost, this needle holder is secured to the
needle bar by screw d (Fig. 73).
Any machine fitted to make stitches
1
/-.H wide can also be used for all ordinary
sewing operations without any difficulty.
Rules Your Cus.tomers Should Know
1. When sewing, the balance wheel should always turn toward you, i.e. coun-
ter-clockwise. Never turn the balance wheel in the opposite direction,
especially after the machine has been threaded.
2. Loy both threads bock under the sewing foot before you begin sewing.
3. Always raise the toke-up lever to its highest position before you begin and
after you have completed a seam.
4. Never run a threaded machine unless you hove fabric under the presser
foot.
5. Put one or two drops of oil into the hook raceway each day you sew.
6. For all Pfaff sewing machines use only ORIGINAL-PFAFF needles, acces-
sories, and replacement ports.
Fig. 74 Take· up lever at its highest position
Fig. 75 Regulating the sewing foot pressure
45
ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURES
The following instructions apply to bot'h t h ~ P*a# 260 flat-bed and the Pfaff
360 free-arm sewing machine. Wherever variations in design necessitate differ-
ent adjustment procedures, each procedure will be discussed separately. To
check the settings of a machine or to reset it after it has been stripped and
reassembled, follow the procedures outlined below:
-2mm f.08' ' )
Fig. 76 Fig. n
The Feed Eccentric
Make sure the timing marks on the feed eccentric and on the arm shaft are in
line. Push the eccentric to the right until there is a clearance of about
5
/6.·, or
2.0 mm, between it and the rear bearing bushing on the arm shaft (Fig. 76).
Tighten the eccentric set screws securely.
The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket
The correct position of the driving belt sprocket on the arm shaft is of eminent
importance for the proper balancing of this shaft. Before you adjust the posi-
tion of the sprocket, toke core that the feed eccentric has been set very accu-
rately, as instructed above. To position the sprocket on the arm shaft correctly,
push it toward the feed eccentric and make sure that its position pin (which
should point toward the balance wheel) enters the borehole in the eccentric
(Fig. 77). Then tighten both set screws in the driving belt sprocket securely.
On all machines fitted with a clip belt, the sprocket position pin should engage
the small recess S in the collar of the feed eccentric. This recess should be
46
in line with the feed eccentric timing mark on the orin shaft. On all
machines fitted with a cleated Synch'l"oflex driving belt, the position pin on the
upper driving belt sprocket and the timing mark on the orm shaft ore offset
against each other by 180°.
The Needle Vibrating Eccentric Bevel Gear
This gear is carried on a transverse shaft which con be moved lengthwise of its
fla nged bushing and is secured in posi tion by a grub screw. The timing mark
on the flanged bushing should point upward (Fig. 78).
Fig. 78 Fig. 79
To ensure that the sideways motion of the needle bar will be completed when
the point of the needle has reached a position about

or 5 to 6 mm, above
the needle plate, check the following setting:
Turn 1he a rm shaft until the feed eccentric timing mark is at the top. loosen
the set screws on the arm shaft bevel gear and, while keeping it in mesh with
the needle vibrat ing bevel gear, turn it until the timing mark on the collar of
the needle vibrati ng bevel gear points upwa rd.
In case there is no mark on the needle vibrating bevel gear, hold the arm
shaft wi th its timing ma rk pointing upward and turn the arm shaft bevel gear
until the lobe of the needle vibrating eccentric is at the top.
Move the arm shaft bevel gear on the shaft, as may be required to minimize
the amount of play and ensure smooth running of the gears. At the same time,
check to see that the gears ore set at right angles to each other, and that the
ends of their teeth meet in one point. If, after this adjustment, t he needle bar
frame pitman should jam between the needle vibrating eccentric bevel gear
and the flanged bushing, adjust the position of the Iotter on its shaft. Securely
47
both set screws on the arm shaft bevel gear, hold the needle vibrating
eccentric bevel gear in proper engagement, and secure the transverse shaft
in its position by tightening the grub <screw.
To check the above setting, note the following:
The needle vibrating eccentric is set correctly if, with dial A (Fig. 51) set on
"0" and the needle bar at its highest position, the latter makes no perceptible
sideways motion when finger-tip control F is depressed. For this purpose, the
needle position lever must be put in the central notch.
The Driving Eccentric for the Automatic Mechanism
This eccentric performs a dual function. On the one hand, it serves as a set
collar which bears against the arm shaft front bushing, and on the other, it
serves to drive the automatic em-
broidery mechanism.
To eliminate any end ploy, both the
needle bar crank and the driving ______ L
eccentric must be set as close to the __ _
1
_. about •1..- (4 mm)
arm shaft front bushing as possible,
leaving just enough play to permit
oil to enter the gap between these
parts. Take care, however, that the
arm shaft does not turn heavily.
Never attempt to make the arm
shaft run smoothly by tapping on
the balance wheeL This action is
likely to force the arm shaft front
bushing out of its mount and cause
binding of the parts at the needle-
bar end of the machine. When ad-
justing the end play of the arm
shaft, make sure a clearance of
.007", or 0.15 to 0.2 mm, is preserved
between the balance wheel bushing
and the arm shaft rear bushing.
Timing the Sewing Hook
Fig. 80
As the needle rises from the lowest point of its stroke, the needle thread
forms a loop on its short-groove side, near the eye, which is entered and en-
larged by the point of the sewing hook. The formation of this loop is the first
step in producing a stitch. With Pfaff 260 (-261) and 360 (-261) machines this
loop has reached the proper size when the needle bar has risen about
5
/6•",
or 2.0 mm, from the lowest point of i:ts stroke. This distance is termed "needle
bar rise". The correct amount of bar rise, naturally, can be set by trial-
48
Figs. 81 & 82 Selling the amount of needle bar rise
and-error methods, but the high degree of accuracy required for perfect stitch
formation makes it absolutely necessary to use the gauge and clamp made
avai lable for this purpose by the factory.
The needle rise gauge may be ordered by No. Z 70.67-1, and a matching clamp
by No. Z 70.68-1 . By the same token, it is advisable to use gauge needle
Z 70.101-4 in setting the sewing hook to the needle. The advantages inherent
in this needle are that it eliminates the size tolerances of ordinary sewing
machine needles and will not normally be bent.
Pfafl260
Preparatory to timing the sewing hook, insert the Pfaff gauge needle, or a
regular No. 90 needle, into the needle holder, unscrew the needle plate, turn
stitch width dial A to "0", and flick the needle position lever to the central
notch. loosen the hook set screws just enough to permit the sewing hook to
be turned on its shaft.
Needle Bar Rise
Turn the balance wheel until the needle has reached the lowest point of its
stroke. Slip both the clamp and the
5
!6.N, or 2.0 mm, gauge onto the needle
bar, positioning the latter between the clamp and the bottom of the casting.
Push the clamp up against the gauge and tighten the clamp screw (Fig. 81 ).
This done, pull out the gauge and cautiously turn the balance wheel in sewing
direction until the clamp bears against the costing. When in this position, the
needle bar has risen
5
/6.'', or 2.0 mm, from the lowest point of its stroke. Now
49
turn the sewing hook on its shaft until its point is opposite the center line of the
needle. At the same time, set the hook as close to the needle as p·ossible, the
proper clearance between both parts being .oo-4•, or 0.1 mm. lightly tighten
whichever hook set screw can be reached most easily, and double-check to
ascertain that the setting is correct. Then remove the clamp and tighten both
hook set screws securely.
The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket
Retiming the sewing hook normally will not alter the position of the lower
driving belt sprocket on its shaft. Both hel ical gears on the hook and hook
drive shafts are secured in position by a flat spot or a pin.
For this reason, if the sewing hook should be out of time, check the position of
the upper driving belt sprocket (and of the feed eccentric) in relation to the
arm shaft. The t iming marks on both the sprocket and the arm shaft must be in
alignment.
1 = Motor
2 = Motor bose plate
3 = Driving belt sprocket
4 = Set screws
5 = Radio interference
suppression condenser
6 = Terminal scre·ws
7 = Driving belt (cord)
8 = Grille
Fig. 83 Demounting the motor base plate an Pfaff 360 machines
50
Pfaff360
The sewing hook of the Pfaff 360 is timed in the same way as the Pfaff 260
hook. It should be kept in mind, however, that the sewing hook of the Pfaff 360
is mounted permanently on the short transverse shaft and, hence, cannot be
turned in setting the needle bar rise. For this reason, to time the sewing hook,
loosen the lower driving belt sprocket and rotate the long hook drive shaft ac-
cordingly. Under no circumstances must the position of the upper driving belt
sprocket be changed on the arm shaft. Although this procedure would be much
simpler, it would disturb the balance of this shaft.
The set screws on the lower driving belt sprocket con be reached through one
of the apertures at the bock of the machine base. For a better view of the ports
to be adjusted,. remove grille 8 (Fig. 83).
If for one reason or another this procedure should prove impractical, proceed
as follows: Strip grille 8 (Fig. 83), loosen motor set screws 4, and loosen the
set screw on driving belt sprocket 3 a few turns. lift the motor slightly and pull
the sprocket off its shaft. Cautiously tilt the machine back, unscrew motor base
plate 2, and lift it out of the machine, pulling it slightly to the left. Disconnect
the motor cord from the terminal box and unscrew the cord clip on the
machine. This makes all ports in the machine bose, including the lower driving
belt sprocket, easy of access. It is advisable to loosen the set screws on this
sprocket just sufficiently to permit the hook driving shaft to be rotated while
the sprocket remains stationary.
Needle Bar Rise
To adjust the needle bar rise, follow the proce-
dure given for the Pfaff 260 (page 49). There is
no need to adjust the clearance between the
sewing hook and the needle because this distance
does not change. When making this adjust-
ment, toke care, however, that the lower driving
belt sprocket is not moved lengthwise of the
hook driving shaft. All dismantled ports are re-
assembled in reverse order,
connecting the motor lost. To
facilitate the mounting of the
motor base plate, tilt the
machine back, resting it on
o felt pad to p(event the oc-
currence of scratches.
Fig. 84
.51
Exchanging the Sewing Hook in the Pfaff 360
If it should become necessary to replace a d a m a ~ e d sewing hook, hold the
balance wheel, pass a screwdriver through the aperture at the back of the
cylinder arm, and take out screw a (Fig. 85). Turn the screwdriver clockwise
because this screw has left-hand thread. Next, remove the position finger
bracket, and cautiously pull the hook with the hook shaft out of the machine.
Make sure though that you remember the position of the sewing hook in the
machine.
Fig. 85 Dismantl ing the Pfaff 360 sewing
hook and its shaft
o = Set screw
b = Hook shaft bushing
c = Hook shaft helical gear
. d = Spacing washer
e = Hook 'thrl!!od gunrd
f = Sewing hook
g = Guide bushing
When inserting the new hook, take care that the clearance between the hook
point and the needle does not exceed .004", or 0.1 mm. If adjustment is re-
quired, add or remove an appropriate number of spacing washers until the
correct clearance has been obtained. Replace the hook in exactly the same
position which was occupied by the damaged hook before. Insert and tighten
the hook set screw, turning it counter-clockwise. Replace and screw down the
position finger bracket. To set the needle bar rise, follow the procedure out-
lined on page 49.
The Position Finger Bracket
After adjusting the clearance between hook point and needle on Pfaff machines
260 and 360, it is absolutely necessary to recheck the position of the posi-
tion finger bracket. Unhindered passage of the needle thread loop through the
clearance gap greatly depends on the position of the bobbin case position
finger in the position slot of the bobbin case base. This finger is positioned
correctly if there is a clearance of about
1
/n", or 0.7 mm, between its tip and
the bottom of the position slot (Fig. 86).
Important
If the position finger does not project into the slot far enough, the bobbin case
will not be held in place securely. And, conversely, if the position finger bears
against the bottom of the slot, the needle thread will jam and break. To adjust
52
the position finger accurately, use gauge 8951-100 (Fig. 87). loosen the set
screw in the position finger bracket, and insert the narrow tip of the gouge
between the position flnger and the bottom of the position slot. Push the posi-
tion finger bracket forward until it touches the gauge just lightly, then tighten
the set screw. The gauge must neither jam nor have excessive play in the
slot.
Fi g. 86 Adjusting the posi ti on finger brocket
Fig. 87 Position finger gouge
SeHing the Needle Bar at Correct Height
It is advisable to set the needle bar at the correct height only after the zigzag
mechanism and the sewing hook have been adjusted, as instructed above. If
the procedure is reversed, it may be impossible to trace an adjustment error
made previously ..
To set the needle .bar at the correct height, remove both the needle plate and
the face cover, ond insert a No. 90 needle. Set the machine for the widest zig-
zag stitch, put the needle position lever in the central notch, and rotate the
balance wheel until the point of the sewing hook is exactly opposite the center
line of the needle when the latter descends on the left of its throw (Fig. 88).
The needle bar is set at the correct height if the hook point is about .02", or
0.5 mm, above the top of the needle eye. To adjust, pass a screwdriver through
the aperture in t he needle bar frame, loosen needle bar set screw A (Fig. 88),
and set the needle bar higher or lower, as may be required. Make sure, how-
ever, that t he needle bar is not rotated in t he process. After this adjustment,
tighten the needle bar set screw securely.
Adjusting the Feed Dog in the Feed Slot
Lateral Adjustment
The feed rows should be positioned in the center of the feed slots and must
not chafe against the side walls.
53
If they are positioned as shown in Fig. 89-1, loosen the two feed dog set screws
and adjust.
Fig. 88 Setting the needle bar of
correct height
If the feed rows are centered improperly and
chafe against one side of the feed slots
(Fig. 89-3), correct this condition as follows:
On Pfaff 260 machines, loosen the set screws
on the feed rock shaft centers, and top against
the shaft with the screwdriver handle until
the feed dog is correctly centered in the feed
slots. Before you tighten the set screws again,
check to make sure that the Aot spots on the
centers face toward the set screws and that
the feed rock shaft has sufficient end ploy to
ensure proper lubrication.
If the feed rock shaft has been moved too
much in the process, adjust the position of its
rear crank to bring it in line with the feed
forked connection and eliminate binding as
well as excessive noise.
To remedy this condition on Pfaff 360 machines, the feed bar rather than the
entire feed rock shaft has to be adjusted. To do this, remove the needle plote,
loosen jam nuts 1 (Fig. 90) and turn the two center screws 2 to adjust the lateral
position of the feed dog, as appro-
priate. When you retighten the jam
nuts after the adjustment, take care
that the center screws do not turn
likewise which may result in jam-
ming the feed bar. To avoid this,
hold the center screws in the correct
position while you tighten the jam
nuts. Make sure the feed bar has
sufficient play between the centers
to ensure proper lubrication.
Lengthwise Adjustment
=
1
3
2
Fig. 89 Adjusting the feed dog in the feed slots
Set the machine for the longest forward stitch. Loosen the binding screw on
the feed rock shaft crank, and turn the crank on the shaft so that the central
54
feed row will rise as close to the near end of the feed slot as possible. Also
make sure that the feed dog will strike neither end of the feed slots when set
for the longest forward or backward stitch (Fig. 89-2).
Fig. 90 Adjusting the feed bar
on tne Pfaff 360
Setting the Presser Bar and the Feed Dog at Correct Height
2
Use gouge 8760-104 to set both the presser bar and the feed dog at the correct
height. This gauge is about
9
/32-, or 7mm, high and has a recess
1
/ 3 2 ~ , orl.Omm,
deep on its. underside. The depth of this recess corresponds to the distance the
feed teeth should have risen above the needle plate when the feed dog is at its
highest position. The height of the gouge corresponds to the correct clearance
between needle plate and presser foot when the Iotter is at its raised position.
To orient the presser bar in relation to· the needle, use gauge foot 44088-103.
This foot ensures that all sewing feet and attachments will be oriented properly
in relation to the centered needle. It should be used in conjunction with gouge
needle Z 70.101-4 discussed in the chapter "Timing the Sewing Hook". Since
the gouge foot is as high as any other sewing foot, it may be attached to the
presser bar for the purpose of setting the Iotter at the correct height.
Setting the presser bar and the feed dog at
correct height
The adjustment is mode as follows: Unscrew the face cover, insert gouge needle
Z 70.101-4, put the needle position lever in the central notch, turn dial A to "0",
raise the presser bar, and screw on the gouge foot.
. .
55
Loosen the set screw in the presser bar guide collar (Fig. 18-2), and push up
the presser bar slightly so that gauge 8760-104, recess down, can be placed
between the gauge foot and the needle plate. Now lower the presser bar until
the gauge foot touches the surface of the gauge just lightly (Fig. 91), and tighten
the set screw in the presser bar guide collar. lower the presser bar lifter so
that the gauge is held in place by the gauge foot. Tilt the machine back, and
turn the balance wheel to bring the feed dog to its highest position. Now check
whether the feed teeth corntact the underside of the recessed portion of the
gauge. If adjustment is required, loosen the binding screw and slightly raise or
lower the feed lifting shaft front crank. Return the machine to its normal posi-
tion, raise the presser bar, remove the gauge, and tighten the binding screw.
With Pfaff 360 machines, the height of the feed dog is adjusted in the same
manner. To get at the feed lifting shaft front crank, remove the needle plate.
In order to adjust the lateral position of the presser foot, loosen the set screw
in the presser bar guide collar, and cautiously lower the needle bar. Check to
see that the thick top portion of the gauge needle shaft passes through the
needle hole in the gauge foot, without being deflected. This is the most impor-
tant requirement that has to be met in adjusting the lateral position of the
presser foot. In addition, it is desirable to set the gauge foot so that its left
edge runs parallel to the edge of the feed slot. After the adjustment, tighten
the set screw in the presser bar guide collar for good.
Dismantling,
Replacing and Adjusting
the Stitch Length Control
Fig. 92
Disconnect the tension spring (106123) from the feed regulator {106120). This
spring is located underneath the bobbin winder. Set stitch length dial F on "4"
and depress finger-tip control H {Fig. 92). loosen sufficiently the set screw
(1325) of the stitch length regulator mechanism (106198) which can be reached
from the underside of the bedplate. Pull out the stitch length regulator mecha-
nism and disconnect the feed regulator connection (l 06618).
To replace the stitch length regulator mechanism in the machine, reverse the
above procedure.
Adjustment is performed as follows:
56
Set stitch length dial G on "0" and run the machine. Check to see that the feed
dog moves up and down, but does not move bock and forth. If adjustment is
required, rotate the stitch length regulator mechanism to the right or left, as
appropriate. Do not forget to tighten the set screw securely which holds the
mechanism in place.
Adjustment of the stitch lengt h regulator mechanism is greatly facilitated by
wrench No. 106300-304 which can be obtained from Pfaff a t extra cost.
Adjusting the Bobbin Winder
Fig. 93
Adjusting the
bobbin winder
Each bobbin winder is adjusted and tested at the factory with utmost accuracy
in order to ensure even bobbin winding. If thread should pile up at one end
of the bobbin, this may be an indication that force was applied in removing
or replacing the top cover. As a result, the bobbin winder frame may have
been bent out of shape and t:he bobbin winder spindle may be no longer in
o vertical position.
If thread piles up at the top end, the spindle has been bent to the left; and,
conversely, if thread piles up at the bottom end, the spindle has been bent to
the right.
To remedy this condition, straighten the bobbin winder frame. On recent ma-
chines, the bobbin winder frame has been reinforced so that it will not nor-
mally be bent out of shape.
After this adjustment has been performed, the lateral position of the bobbin
winder is adjusted in relation to the balance wheel. To do this, loosen set
screw a in the bobbin wi nder frame base (Fig. 93) and move the Iotter over to
the balance wheel until the rubber ring on the winder pulley just contacts the
inner surface of the balance wheel and is driven securely when the bobbin
winder is engaged. Excessive pressure exerted on the balance wheel by the
bobbin winder pulley will result in heavy working of the machine and prema-
ture wear of the rubber ring.
57
SeHing the Needle Threader
Begin by establishing the correct vertical position of the stop (105361) on the
needle bar. To do this, remove the face cover and bring the needle bar to its
highest position. Then move the threader bar frame all the way down and
check to see that the pin (1897) rides in the oblique slot in the threader bar
frame from one end to the other, and that there is a clearance of about .02 .. ,
or 0.5 mm, between the lower end of the threader bar frame and the lower
bearing of the threader bar (Fig. 94). The stop is at the correct height, if these
conditions ore met. Adjustment con be mode by setting the needle b a r s ; , ~ .. , or
2.0 mm, above the bottom of its stroke and loosening screw B (Fig. 88), which
con be reached through the elongated hole in the needle bar frame. Adjust the
position of the stop, as appropriate, and tighten screw B securely.
Fig. 94 Setting the needle threoder
To replace the face cover, follow the instructions given on page 39.
Again bring the needle bar to its highest point, insert o No. 70 needle, and
proceed to adjust the threader head (105354).
To perform this setting c:orrectly
1
keep the threader bar at its lower position
by the spring shown in Fig. 95 while you attach and adjust the threader head.
58
Fig. 95 Retaining spring keeps threader lever
at its lower position
Fig. 96 Needle threader
prong W
The most important adjustment is that of the threader prong height. Prong W
should pass through the needle eye as close to its top as possible. The reason
for this is that the needle eye grows larger toward the needle point as the
needle size increases, while the distance from the top of the needle eye to the
end of the needle shank remains the same, regardless of the needle size.
Place the threader head on the threader bar and turn it toward the needle so
that prong W will pass freely through the needle eye. Also make sure prong
W protrudes sufficiently from the needle eye to permit secure plocement of the
thread behind the prong (Fig. 96}.
If prong W is not positioned correctly, loosen the set scr.ew (1149) on the
threader head and turn the prong to the right or left until its tip posses through
the needle eye without deflecting the needle. After the adjustment, tighten the
set screw securely.
Fig. 97 The heart of the Automatic-
the com assembly
59
Fig. 98 Component ports of the needle thread tension
0 Set screw
G Tension release plunger
b - Thread check spring loop M -
Tension dial
c =
Thread check spring regulator A - Tens ion barrel
E Tens ion spring, with spring
B Thread check spring
assembly c -
Tension discs
F Tension stud 0 -
Central tension disc
Changing the Thread Check Spring
To replace a broken thread check spring, remove the top cover, loosen set
screw a (Fig. 98) sufficiently to permit the removal of tension barrel A, and pull
the latter out of the machine. Loosen the set screw (701316) in the tension bar-
rel, and screw tension stud F out of tension dial M, so that spring assembly E,
tension discs C and D, as well as thread check spring 8 can be withdrawn. Re-
place the broken thread check spring by a new one.
Push tension d!iscs C and D as well as spring assembly E on tension stud F,
making sure that the spring assembly is positioned on the stud next to the
tension dial, and that the bent end of thread check spring 8 enters the appro-
priate slot in the tension barrel. Then cautiously lift loop b of the thread check
spring aver the small finger in the tension barrel.
Screw tension dial M onto tension stud F just a few turns. Turn tension dial M
so that the red tip of the tension barrel is positioned between "0'' and "1" on
tension dial M. Pull a No. 30 thread between the tension discs, and turn tension
stud F far enough into terision dial M to produce a light tension on the thread.
Toke care that the position of tension dial M is not changed in the process.
Tighten the tension stud set screw again.
If you now turn the tension dial so that the red tip is opposite "3" and "4",
the tension must be normal.
Insert tension release pin G, lower the presser bar lifter, and replace the com-
plete thread tension assembly, making sure that the red mark points up.
Tighten set screw a securely. To tension the thread check spring, loosen the set
screw in the slot next to the red mark, and turn thread check spring regulator
c to the left, as may be required. After the adjustment, tighten the set screw
securely again.
60
Changing the Cord Belt
1. on machines with pinned balance wheel bushing:
a. Remove the face and top covers, and strip the presser bar assembly.
b. Take out the eccentric stud connecting the needle bar frame pitman to
the needle bar frame, and swing the latter up.
c. Strip the remari ning front parts, such as the toke-up lever.
d. Knock the pin out of the needle bar crank and pull this crank off the
arm shaft, without applying force.
e. loosen the sef screws in the driving eccentric for the automatic embroi-
dery mechanism, the arm shaft bevel gear, upper driving belt sprocket,
and feed eccentric.
f. Pull the arm shaft to the right until its left end is in line with the upper
driving belt sprocket, and change the cord belt.
To assemble, reverse the above procedure. Take care that all parts are re-
placed in line wit h the appropriate timing marks.
2. on machinos with pinned arm shaft bU1ihing (Fig. 99):
a. Knock the pin out of the balance wheel bushing and pull the bushing
off the arm shaft. In this case, the needle bar crank remains pinned on
the arm shaft.
b. Having completed the preparations ment ioned in par. 1 above, the arm
shaft is pulled forward, i. e. toward the needle-bar end of the machine,
until its right end is in line with the upper driving belt sprocket.
c. Replace the old cord belt by a new one.
To assemble, proceed in the reverse order. Take care that all ports are
replaced in line with the appropriate timing marks.
Fig. 99 Removing the bola nee wheel
61
Fig. 100 Stitch width knob of the Pfaff 230 (332) Fig. 101 Stitch width control of the Pfoff 260 (360)
(previous model) (present model)
Fig. 102 Stripping the automatic embroidery mechanism
62
1
1 - Cam finger
Regulating screw 2 -
3 =
4
Needle position cam finger
Connecting crank for zig-
zag and straight stitch
12
8 Zigzag dial
9 Zigzag finger-tip control
10 Barrel
11 Zigzag com
12 - Zigzag regulator stud
13 Regulating screw
14 = Zigzag regulator arm
15 Zigzag regulator crank
with connecting rod
5 = Cam fi nger
6 = Needle position cam
7 - Needle position lever
Fig. 103 Zigzag regulator mechanism of the pfaff 260 (360)
Assembling and Adjusting the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism
The main difference between Pfaff machines 260 and 360 (260-261 and 360-261},
on the one hand, and the former Pfaff 230 and 332 (230-269 ond 332-260}, on
the other hand, lies in the redesigned stitch length and stitch width controls
with which the new machines are equipped.
Striking features of these mechanisms are:
(1) the enclosed design of the housing,
(2) the precision adjustment of stitch length and stitch width, and
(3) the finger-tip control permitting instantaneous changing over from forward
to backward, or from straight to zigzag stitching, and vice versa.
The redesigned controls incorporated in the new machines nec·essitate different
disassembly, assembly and adjustment procedures than where required for
the previous models. Needless to soy that all these jobs must be carried out
most conscientiously and accurately . because the proper functioning of the
machine depends on its correct setting.
In assembling the machine at the factory, the components of the stitch length
and stitch width controls ore pre-assembled and inserted in a housing, or
barrel. This unit is then inserted in the machine arm or the arm standard.
63
The Zigzag Regulator Mechanism
The zigzag regulator mechanism (Fig. 101) embraces the stitch width regulating
mechanism in the machine arm and the stitch width control on the outside of
the machine arm.
The stitch width control comprises
stitch width dial A,
zigzag finger-tip control F, and
needle position lever B.
Before you strip the stitch width control, it is advisable to make on inconspi-
cuous mark on the machine arm opposite the red mark on the zigzag regulator
barreL
Stripping the Automatic Mechanism
If the machine is equipped with on automatic embroidery mechanism, this must
be stripped before the zigzag regulator mechanism can be removed from the
machine. To do this, proceed as follows:
Disconnect tension spring m (Fig. 51) from the zigzag regulator arm (1 06178),
and unscrew pressure spring assembly o. Toke out the screws in the bose, and
lift the automatic embroidery mechanism out, without applying force. Turn
stitch width dial A to "4", and loosen the set screws on the three engaging
lever eccentric studs. Pull out the eccentric stud of rear engaging lever d l. Set
stitch width dial A on "0", and strip engaging levers d 2 and d 3. To replace the
automatic embroidery mechanism, simply proceed in reversed sequence (see
also page 71 ).
Dismantling the Stitch Width Control
Turn stitch width dial A to "0";
set needle position lever Bat its central position;
turn out the set screw (b in Fig. 102) on the zigzag regulator barrel which con
be reached from above;
push up finger-tip control F;
shove the stitch width regulating mechanism in the arm to the left;
turn the barrel slightly to the right, and pull it out cautiously, without applying
force. If desired, tool No. 106300-303 con be supplied by Pfaff at extra cost.
This tool serves to facilitate the turning and removing of the barreL
The Stitch Width Regulating Mechanism in the Machine Arm
The stitch width regulating mechanism in the machine arm essentially com-
prises the following components:
Zigzag regulator arm 14 (Fig. 103) with zigzag regulator stud 12, zigzag regu-
lator crank 15 with connecting rod, and hinge stud (106179).
64
To strip the mechanism, proceed as follows:
Disconnect both tension springs {106134 and 106172),
remove slip washer o (Fig. 102) from the hinge stud (with the aid of circlip
pi iers),
loosen hinge stud set screw band press the hinge stud out, and
remove the sti tch width regulating mechanism as o unit, without applying
force.
To replace the component ports in the st itch width regulating mechanism, pro-
ceed in reversed sequence.
Figs. 104 & 105 Zeroing and centering the needl e
The Stitch Width Control
Push the tension spring connected to com finger 1 (Fig. 103) through the round
aperture in the front wall of the machine arm and attach it to the spring sus-
pension brocket {106169).
Turn stitch width dial A unti l "0" is opposite the red mark on the barrel, and
put needle position lever B in the central notch.
Put o few drops of oil on the barrel.
Shove the stitch width regulating mechanism in the machine arm to the left.
Insert the barrel into the machine arm cautiously, turning it slightly to the
right, then to the left.
Rotate the barrel until the red mark on its rim is in line with fhe mark made
on the machine arm beforehand.
Cautiously tighten the set screw on the barrel, and check to see that stitch width
dial A as well as levers Band F turn smoothly (Fig. 101 ).
65
Do not apply force in replacing the barrel as this might cause bending of t,he
com fingers in the stitch width regulating mechanism which, in turn, might
cause hard working of this mechanism. The same trouble is likely to occur if
the barrel is pushed in, or stands out, too for.
If no mark has been mode on the machine arm beforehand, turn the zigzag
regulator barrel until
a. on imaginary line drawn through the red mark h on the barrel (Fig. 51)
posses to the right o·f the hinge stud located above it, and
b. needle position lever B points downward when set at its central position.
In all three needle positions, the rounded tip of the needle position com finger
should be located in the middle of the respective section of the needle position
com.
To double-check this setting, slightly move the needle position lever to the
right and left of its central position and check to see that the zigzag regulator
arm does not vibrate. Repeat this check with the needle position lever set at its
left and right positions, respectively.
While on previous machines, the barrel must be pushed into the machine arm
until the set screw enters the small groove in its rim, on recent machines, it
must be pushed in as for as it will go.
If stitch width dial A should turn heavily on older machines, loosen the set
screw and either push in or pull out the barrel slightly. Then tighten the set
screw securely.
Replace the second tension spring (b in Fig. 93).
Adjusting the Stitch Width Control
(See also page 88)
To check the correct position of the zigzag regulator barrel in the machine
arm, turn stitch width dial A to "0".
The sideways movement of the connecting rod (105193) must not begin until
stitch width dial A has been turned clockwise by three or four knurls.
As you depress finger-tip control F, the connecting rod should move likewise.
If these conditions ore not met, correct the position of the barrel in the machine
arm.
After the above-mentioned adjustment has been mode, also check to see that
a. needle position lever B points downward when set at its central position,
b. the lobe of eccentric stud B (Fig. 106) points toward the balance wheel and
the needle bar frame pitman is at its extreme right-hand position,
66
c. the lobe of eccentric stud A in the needle bar frame (Fig. 107) points up-
word, and
d. the clearance at f (Fig. 104) is
5
/32", or 4 mm.
Important
The needle of a zigzag sewing machine must not make any sideways motion
when it is down in the goods.
Rough Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch
Turn the needle bar crank until its lobe points upward. Rotate the needle
vibrat ing eccentric bevel gear and the feed eccentric so that their timing marks
are at the top. Now mesh both bevel gears so that they rotate smoothly with-
out having any play.
Fine Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch
With the machine set for the widest stitch width, the descending needle should
cease vibrati ng when its point has reached o position about sla2" to
1
/•", or 4
to 6 mm, above the needle plate.
If flne adjustment is required, turn the bevel gear on the arm shaft, as appro-
priate (see also the second paragraph on page 48).
As you make this adjustment, take core that you do not disturb the correct
meshing of the bevel gears and that you preserve the correct amount of ploy.
Zeroing the Needle for Straight Stitching
While at the factory this adjustment is performed with the aid of a dial gauge,
our service personnel in the fleld should best follow the procedure outlined
below:
a. Using Finger-Tip Control F
Insert a new No. 80 needle, attach the buttonhole foot, and drop the feed
dog. Place a piece of white cardboard between the needle plate and the
sewing foot. Now
turn stitch width dial A to "4",
set needle position lever Bat its central position, and
push finger-tip control F up.
Turn the balance wheel forward, then backward, and let the needle stitch
into the cardboard lightly. The needle is zeroed correctly if it st.itches into
the same spot twice, without being deflected.
67
If adjustment is required, loosen binding screw a on the zigzag regulator
crank (Fig. 104) just sufficiently to permit turning zigzag regulator stud b to
the right or left with the aid of a small screwdriver, as may be required to
eliminate any sideways motion of the needle. Adjust wh ile the machine is
runnmg.
To double-check this setting, repeat the above-mentioned cardboard test.
b. Using Stitch Width Dial A
Turn stitch width dial A to "0" and put needle position lever B in the central
notch.
With the machine set as indicated above, the needle bar must not make any
sideways motion.
If no dial gauge is available, run the machine and touch the needle bar
frame with your fingers to determine whether it swings sideways or not.
Adjustment is performed by turning regulating screw e on the needle posi-
tion com finger (Fig. 104) in or out, as may be required to meet the above
condit.ions. Loosen the lock nut before you make the adjustment and do not
forget to tighten it firmly thereafter.
Adjusting the Needle Position
Turn stitch width dial A to "4" and put needle position lever B in the left
notch. *)
Turn the balance wheel until the needle descends on the left of its throw. Check
to see that the needle makes no perceptible sideways motion when you push
up finger-tip control F, and that it stitches into the same spot, regardless whe-
ther stitch width dial A is set on "4" or needle position lever B at its right and
left positions, respectively.
If the needle swings sideways, and only then, the position of needle position
cam finger 3 (Fig. 103) must be adjusted.
Loosen both the lock nut on regulating screw d (Fig. '104) and hexagon screw c
on the needle position cam finger.
As you operate finger-tip control F, turn regulating screw d in or out, as may
be required to eliminate any sideways motion of the needle.
After the adjustment, make sure you tighten the lock nut on regulating screw d
and hexagon screw c securely.
To double-check this setting, flick the needle position lever to the left and right
positions, respectively, and check to see that the needle makes no sideways
motion.
Special core must be taiken in adjust ing the needle at its left position because
this needle posi tion is used for buttonhole sewing.
•) Or turn stitch width dial A Ia ·o· and depress finger-tip control F.
68
Centering the Needle in the Needle Plate Slot
a. Centering the Needle Throw in the Needle Plate Slot
Set st itch width dial A on "4" ond put needle position lever B in the central
notch.
Descending on the right and left of its throw, the needle must clear both
ends of the needle plate slot at the same distance and must not rub against
the needle plate.
To adjust, turn eccentric stud A in needle bar frame pitman (Fig. 107) to the
right or left, as may be require·d to meet this condition.
b. Adjusting the Needle Throw in Relation to the Center Line
Set stitch width dial A on "0" and needle position lever B at its central
position. Place a piece of cardboard under the needle and turn the balance
wheel until the needle stitches into it light ly. Turn stitch width dial A to "4"
and turn the balance wheel forward, then backward, until the needle, on
the r ight ond left or throw, into the ca rdboorc.l ogoin.
Check to see that the right and left punctures are equidistant from the cen-
tral puncture (Fig. 106, bottom).
b
--
',
\
\
\
Figs. 106 & 107 Centering the needlle in the needle plate slot
(in both d rawings 1he machine is pictured as seen from the rear)
69
If adjustment is required, turn eccentric stud B (Fig. 106) to the right or left,
as appropriate.
c. Centering the Needle in the Needle Plate Slot
Set stitch width dial A on "0" and needle position lever B at its central
position.
Check to see that the needle is correctly centered in the needle plate slot.
To adjust, turn eccentric stud A in the needle bar frame pitman (Fig. 1 07) to
the right or left until the above-mentioned condition is met.
Important
Since settings a, b, and c ore correlated, repeat each check and, if necessary,
readjust.
After the adjustment has been completed, tighten all set screws securely.
Fig. 109 Underside of the automatic embroidery mechanism
70
Converting a Pfaff 260 (360) into a Pfaff 260-261 (360·261)
Both the Pfaff 260 and the Pfaff 360 ore so designed that an automatic em-
broidery mechanism can be installed at any time. The following hints are in-
tended to facilitate the conversion job and should be strictly adhered to in
order to eliminate, right from the beginning, all sewing troubles which may be
caused by errors in installing and adjusting this unit.
The various assemblies of the automatic embroidery mechanism are shown in
a drawing on page 72. All essential parts are identified by numbers and,
hence, con be located easily. Adjustments which were covered in greater detail
earlier in this manual will in the following be dealt with but briefly.
Installing the Automatic Mechanism
Remove the top cover and check the position of the driving eccentric on the
arm shaft. The driving eccentric is positioned correctly if its timing mark is in
line with. the timing mark on the arm shaft. It should be noted that this driving
eccentric performs a dual function as on eccentric and a set collar. In its Iotter
capacity·, it serves to fix the position of the arm shaft lengthwise of the machine
arm. Therefore, if you hove to adjust the position of the driving eccentric, take
care that the arm shaft does not hove any end ploy and that the machine does
not work heavily,
Driving eccentrics that hove no timing marks ore set as follows:
Turn the balance wheel in sewing direction until the take-up lever has passed
the highest point of its stroke and descended
5
/32N, or 4 mm. With the arm shaft
in this position, the lobe of the driving eccentric should point upward (Fig. 80).
Tighten both set screws securely.
Mounting the Engaging Levers
Begin by mounting the front engaging lever. To do this, turn stitch width dial
A to "0", and insert the eccentric stud into the lower h o ~ of cam tl'nger 34
(Fig. 110) from the front. Turn the stud so that its lobe is at the top, and tighten
the set screw. This engaging lever controls the full stitch width.
To insert the central engaging lever, set stitch width dial A on "0". Insert the
eccentric stud into the upper hole of cam finger 34 (Fig. 110) from the back.
Turn the stud so that its lobe is at the top, and tighten the screw. This engaging
lever controls half the stitch width.
To insert the rear engaging lever, turn stitch width dial A to "4" and flick
needle position lever 8 to the left notch. Insert the eccentric stud into the hole
at the top of zigzag regulator arm 32 (Fig. 11 0), and turn it so that its lobe
points upward. Tighten the set screw securely.
71
.....,
"'
4
Fig. 110 Components of the outomotic
embroidery mechanism
41
Essential Parts of the Pfaff (-261) Automatic
1 = Needle position engaging lever
21 = Connection, rear section
2 = Needle vibration engaging lever, full width (incorporated until Apr. 30, 1960)
3 = Needle vibration engaging lever, half 22 = Driving roller
the width
23 = Driving lever
4 = {
Eccentric stud, rear
24 = Contact finger assembly
Eccentric stud, center
25 = Connection, reor section
Eccentric stud, front
(incorporated as from May 1, 1960}
5 = Pressure spring, rear
26 = Screw
6 = {
Pressure spring, center
27 = Connection, front section
Pressure spring, front
(incorporated as from May 1, 1960}
7 = Regulating screw
28 = Driving eccentric for automatic mechanism
8 = Pressure spring assembly bracket
29 = Needle bar frame pitman
9 = Com selector dial (D)
30 = Needle vibrating eccentric bevel gear
10 = Com assembly
31 = Transverse shaft set screw
11 = Thumb nut
32 = Zigzag regulator arm
12 = Oil pod holder
33 = Driving belt sprocket, upper
13 = Clutch stud, rear
34 = Com finger (upper end}
14 = Clutch stud, center
35 = Eccentric stud boreholes
15 = Clutch stud, front
36 = Arm shaft bevel gear
16 = Bose (incorporated until Apr. 30, 1960}
37 = Stitch width dial (A}
17 = Engaging lever dio I (C)
38 = Needle position lever (B)
18 = Engaging lever driver
39 = Zigzag finger-tip control (F)
19 = Connection, front section
40 = Base {incorporated as from May 1, 1960)
(incorporated until Apr. 30, 1960}
41 = Disengaging lever
(j 20 = Ten sian spring
Hoving mode sure that the position of the driving eccentric on the arm shaft is
correct, take the automatic mechanism in your left hand (in the positfi on shown
in Fig. 111) and, with the index finger of your left hand, push against the pro-
truding end of the driving lever which carries the driving roller. Push regulating
Fig. 111 AutomoJic embroidery mechanism, ready for instollotion
slide c (Fig. 109) to the left until nose b of the connecting lever is positioned
slightly behind the stop pin on the regulating slide, as shown in Fig. 109. If the
regulating slide is pushed too far to the left, it will strike against the needle
bar frame pitman.
Thus prepared, the automatic embroidery mech·onism can be installed into the
machine without any difficulty. It is secured in position by three screws, Make
sure tnat disengaging lever e (Fig. 109) lifts the two forward engaging levers,
without binding, when you turn stitch width dial A. Also check
a. whether the top contact finger of contact finger assembly D (Fig. 111) is lo-
cated below the red mark when dial D is turned so that number 1 is op-
posite t his mark, and
b. whether the two set screws on the back of dial C are arranged in a hori -
zontal line when this dial is set on "0". If adjustment is required, loosen
the two set screws and adjust the position of the com (50506) on the stud.
This setting must also be preserved when the dial is replaced by a new one.
74
Mounting the Pressure Spring Assembly
To facilitate mounting the pressure springs on the bracket, turn out regulating
screws 7 (Fig. 11 0) two or three turns. Then proceed as follows:
Screw the three springs to the bracket. The spring pressing on the rear en-
gaging lever (50431) has a slight dent and must be mounted above this lever.
Mount the pressure spring assembly bracket on the bose of the automatic em-
broidery mechanism and screw it down.
Turn regulating screws 7 so for in or out that the springs exert just enough
pressure to cause the engaging levers to slide down securely over the pins in
clutch studs c 1, c 2,. and c 3 (Fig. 11 1 ).
The improved automatic embroidery mechanism features a disengaging lever
(e in Fig. 109) and a cam stud with three cams (located to the rear of engaging
lever dial C; Fig. 11 1). It is so designed that the controls will not jam if they
are set in a sequence other than the one given on the design selector wheel.
(This advantage is not yet present in earlier models of the Pfaff 260-261).
Adiusting the Engaging levers
Set cam selector dial D (Fig. 111) on "4" and turn the com assembly clockwise,
seizing it by the thumb screw, until the fourth contact finger (from the bottom)
is opposite the recess, or lowest point, on the rim of the cam opposite. This
basic setting is the same for adjusting all three engaging levers. If, in rare in-
stances, an engaging lever cannot be brought to fit over the pin in the clutch
stud opposite by turning its eccentric stud, loosen screws 1 and 2 (Fig. 111) and
lengthen or shorten the two-port connection slightly.
1. Front engaging lever: Set stitch width dial A on "0"", needle position lever
B at its central position, and engaging lever dial C on "4". Check whether
the square notch in the engaging lever fits readily over the pin in the clutch
stud opposite. If it does not, turn the eccentric stud at its right end to the
right or left, as appropriate. Then t ighten the set screw on the eccentric
stud securely.
2. Central engaging lever: Set stitch width dial A on "0", needle position lever
B at its right position, and engaging lever dial C on "1 ". Adjust as instruct-
ed in paragraph 1 above.
3. Rear engaging lever: Set stitch width dial A on "0", needle position lever B
at its left position, and engaging lever dial C on "3"'. Adjust as instructed
in paragraph 1 above.
75
Replacing the Top Cover
When converting a Pfaff 260 or 360 into an Automatic, replace the top cover
on the machine by the special top cover which is supplied with the automatic
embroidery mechanism.
To ensure that the pattern length regulating crank (50561) enters the regulating
slide (50368) smoothly, toke core that the top cover is replaced perpendicularly
from above, and that pattern length lever E (Fig. 113) is set between "5" and
"7".
If the position of pattern length lever E needs adjustment, loosen the set screw
on the driving crank (50558) and turn the crank on the stud of the pattern
length regulating crank (50561 ), as may be required. This adjustment may also
become necessary in order to bring the position of the pattern length lever in
line with the numbers on its scale.
Checking the Needle Position in Relation to the Needle Plate Slot
Disengage the automatic embroidery mechanism by setting lever E (Fig. 113)
and dial C on "0". Turn stitch width dial A to "0" and put needle position
lever B in the central notch. Turn the balance wl\eel in order to check whether
the (No. 90) needle is still correctly centered in the needle plate slot, and
whether it will clear either end of the slot when set for its widest bight.
If the needle has to be recentered in the needl e plate slot, proceed as instruct-
ed on page 69.
Furthermore, there is a possibility that the spacing between the
central and outer positions of the needle in the needle plate slot
may hove changed so that the embroidery design produced lacks
symmetry (Fig. 112).
To remedy this condition, adjust as instructed on page 69.
After all machine settings have been checked and, if necessary,
adjusted, squirt oil freely into all oilholes marked red or other-
wtse.
Fig. 112 Asymmetric embroidery design caused by malodjustment of the auto·
malic embroidery mechanism
Mount oil pad holder 12 (Fig. 110) on the base so that the oil pad which lubri-
cates the pattern cams clears these cams with a springing distance. Soak this
pad with oil.
76
Testing the Performance of the Automatic Mechanism
Engage the automatic embroidery mechanism, set pattern length lever Eon "3"
and stitch width dial A on "0", and put needle position lever B in the left notch.
To check the operation of the automatic embroidery mechanism, run the ma-
chine very slowly, switch com selector dial D to each of its eight positions in
succession, and sew the eight basic embroidery designs that can be produced
in this way. The automatic embroidery mechanism works satisfactorily if the
machine, while sewing on embroidery design, switches from wide zigzag to
straight stitching without any difficulty.
Checking the Operation of the Engaging levers
Turn engaging lever dial C to the positions given below, and check whether the
engaging lever or levers indicated ore properly engaged in the respective
clutch studs:
1 - central engaging lever
2 - central and rear engaging levers
4 - front engaging lever
5 - front and rear engaging levers
Eliminating Troubles in Automatic Sewing
Type of Trouble
Patterns which, for example, ore sewn with D at 7, C at 3, E at 1, and lever B
in the left notch lode uni formity.
Cause
1. The pressure springs exert excessive pressure on the engaging levers and
thereby retard the return of the controls to their respective starting posi-
tions.
2. The zigzag regulator stud or the zigzag regulator arm turns heavily be-
cause it does not have sufficient ploy.
3. The automatic embroidery mechanism locks oil.
Remedy
1. Adjust the pressure exerted by the springs as instructed in "Mo·unting the
Pressure Spring Assembly" on page 75.
2. Adjust the position of the zigzag regulator stud or t ~ e zigzag regulator arm
to ensure sufficient ploy.
3. Oil the automatic mechanism.
Type of Trouble
Patterns which ore sewn with C at "4" and lever B in the central notch lock
symmetry.
Couse
This condition may be attributed to maladjustment, improper handling or other
causes which hove disturbed the correct stitch width setting.
n
Remedy
Check and adjust the stitch width setting as instructed on pages 67-69.
Type of Trouble
The patterns ore incomplete ,or irregular.
Cause
Presumably the engaging levers hove not enough ploy or the pressure exerted
by the springs is insufficient to make them snap into the clutch studs properly.
Remedy
Increase the spring pressure by turning the regulating screws inwardly, as may
be required.
Fi g. 113 Controls of the
Pfaff 260-261 Automatic
78
Installing a PE 260 or 261 Motor into the Pfaff 260 (-261)
The motor is screwed to the underside of the bed plate of the machine. To in-
stall the motor in the machine, place the machine in a universally adjustable
mounting stand and turn it upside down.
Then proceed as follows:
1. Remove cover 4 of the terminal box
located beside the sewing hook
(Fig. 114).
2. Turn the motor so that its driving
belt sprocket is at the balance-
wheel-end of the machine, and
place it on the bottom of the bed-
plate so that both screwhol·es in the
motor bracket line up with tine corre-
sponding holes in the bedplate (see
arrows in Fig. 115).
Fig. 114
3. Turn screw A partway in, insert and tighten screw B, then tighten screw A
for good (Fig. 115).
4. Connect the short end of the motor cord to terminal 2, the long end to
terminal 1, as shown in Fig. 114. Secure the cable sheath in position by the
clip held in place by screw 3. Replace and screw down the terminal box
cover.
5. loosen hexagon screw h (Fig. 118) and return the machine to its normal
position in the mounting stand.
Fig. 115 Installing ond adjusting the Pfaff PE 260 (261) motor
79
6. To strip the foot-drive balance wheel, take out · stop screw a (Fig. 116),
unscrew stop motion knob b by turning it counter-clockwise, remove fric-
tion washer c, and pull balance wheel d off the arm shaft bushing.
7. Turn motor belt e so that the clip openings face out, push it over the arm
shaft bushing and through the aperture into the arm standard (Fig. 117).
Push power-drive balance wheel f on the arm shaft bushing, and mount the
motor belt on the balance wheel sprocket. Replace parts a-<: in reverse
order to secure the balance wheel in position.
8. Since hexagon screw h (Fig. 118) is
loose, the motor shaft can be tilted
toward the bedplate so that the
lower end of the cord belt can be
slipped onto sprocket g.
9. Tilt the sprocket-end of the motor
shaft away from the bedplate until
the cord belt is tensioned slightly.
Hold the motor shaft in this position
and tighten hexagon screw h. Make
sure the cord belt is not tensioned
too much as this would cause bind-
ing.
10. Turn the balance wheel to see if all
parts work properly. If the machine
is equipped with a balance wheel
with free-wheeling device, which
can be used for both foot and
power drive, set the balance wheel
for foot drive, and check whether
the driving belt sprocket remains
stationary when you turn the balance
wheel. If the free-wheeling device
should not hove disengaged the mo-
tor belt sprocket, hold the cord belt
briefly when you start treadling.
80
Fig. 116 Removing the balance wheel
Fig. 117
fig. 118
Changing the Motor Belt
Loosen hexagon screw h on the motor bracket (Fig. 118), til t the sprocket-end
of the motor shaft toward the bedplate, and pull the motor belt off the
sprocket. Remove the balance wheel as instructed in paragraph 6 in the pre-
ceding chapter, and exchange the old for a new driving belt.
To mount the driving belt, follow the procedure outlined in paragraphs 7
through 9 in the preceding chapter.
Trouble Shooting
1. Machine Skips Stitches
Couse:
Needle incorrectly inserted.
Wrong needle.
Needle bent.
Machine threaded improperly.
Needle too fine or too thick for the
thread.
2. Needle Thread Breaks
Cause:
The above mentioned may cause
thread breakage.
Thread tension too tight.
Poor or knoHy thread used.
Hook raceway is iommed with
thread or needs oiling.
Burrs or sharp edges on needle
plate slot.
Remedy:
Push needle up as for as it will go
and be sure that the long groove
faces toward you, and flat side of
shank away from you.
The correct needle system is 130 R.
For two-needle sewing jobs up to
3
/32" needle gauge, use System 130 B
needles, and for needle gouges ex-
ceeding
3
/32", System 130 R needles.
Insert new needle.
Check and correct threading as in-
structed on page 19.
Select correct needle from Needle
and Thread Chart on page 18.
Remedy:
See remedies listed under 1. above.
Adjust tensions as instrructed on
page 15.
Use good-quality threads only.
Clean and oil hook raceway as in-
structed on page 41 or 84.
Polish needle plate slot with fine
emery twine.
81
3. Needle Breaks
Couse:
Bent needle strikes point of sewing
hook.
Needle too thin or thread too
heavy.
Fabric pulls needle so it bends and
strikes needle plate.
Bobbin case inserted incorrectly.
4. Faulty Stitch Formation
Couse:
Improper tension.
Thread too heavy, knotty or hard.
Bobbin unevenly wound.
Pieces of thread between tension
discs.
5. Machine Feeds Improperly
Couse:
Feed dog set too low, does not rise
up enough above needle plate level.
Accumulations of lint packed be-
tween feed teeth.
82
Remedy:
Replace needle at once to prevent
further damage.
Note Needle and Thread Chart on
page 18.
Don't force· the feeding motion.
Guide the material lightly.
Push bobbin case until you hear it
snap into place.
Remedy:
Adjust tension as instructed on
page 15.
Use only first-rate thread- the cor-
rect size for the needle and fabric.
Don't run thread over finger when
winding the bobbin, but lead it
around thread retainer stud on top
cover.
Raise presser bar lifter and remove
thread.
Rem ed.y:
Set feed dog higher. When set cor-
rectly, the advancing feed dog
should show a full tooth above the
needle plate.
Take off needle plate and remove
lint with a stiff brush.
6. Machine Works Heavily
Cause:
Motor belt is too loose and slips, or
has shrunk and causes excessive
pressure on bearings.
Hook raceway locks oil or ts ob-
structed by pieces of thread.
Mechanism clogged by inferior oil.
Bobbin winder working while sew-
ing {when o bobbin is not being
filled).
Remedy:
Shorten belt or insert a piece of
belting to lengthen it {cut ends of
belt on the straight and abut. Punch
holes into belt from grain side).
Clean and oil hook raceway.
Use only pfaff sewing machine oil -
never salad oil or glycerine. Note
illustrations on pages 40 and 41.
Stop bobbin winder.
Components of the Pfaff sewing hook
e c
119 120
a = Position slot
b = Bobbin case bose
c =Bobbin
d = Bobbin case latch
e = Bobbin case cap
f = Sewing hook
g = Hook point
h = Hook thread guard
121
h b g
122
123
83
Fig. 125
d
Fig. 126
Dismantling the Pfaff Hook
Fig. 125
l. Remove bobbin case and bobbin.
2. Take out locking screw a.
Fig. 126
3. Hold the balance wheel steady and turn
thread guard b on the sewing hook clockwise
until it is stopped by guide pins c
1
and c2.
4. Turn the balance wheel until the point of
thread guard b is in the position marked by A
in Fig. 126.
Fig. 127
5. l ift thread guard b and take it out, turning it
slightly around position finger f.
6. Push your thumb nail under the rim of bobbin
case base d at C, lift the bobbin case base
and tip it out.
Reassembling the Pfaff Hook
Fig. 128
1. Replace bobbin case base d in the hook. in
Fig. 127 the position shown in Fig. 127.
2. Turn the balance wheel cautiously until the
hook point is in the position marked by A in
Fig. 127. Hold thread guard b so that its open-
ing faces the position finger and its two slots
Cz ore opposite guide pins Ct and c2. Replace
thread guard b on the sewing hook and press
it down until its crown at the right lies on
bobbin case base d.
Fig. 128 Fig. 129
Fig. 129
3. Turn the balance wheel cautiously until the
hook is in the position marked by Bin Fig. 129.
In this phose, guide pins Ct and c2 will enter
the slots in thread guard b. Turn thread
guard b clockwise as far as it will go.
4. Replace and tighten locking screw a securely,
as slhown in Fig. 125.
Works of the Pfaff 260-261
1 = Pressvr., n:sg\il lolinij sc.few
2 = Needle bor crank (driving needle bar
and toke-up mechanisms)
3 = Needle bar connecting link
4 = Needle bar frame
5 = Threader bar
6 = Needle bar
7 = Needle holder
8 = Presser foot
18 = Drop feed connecting rod
19 .= Drivin!l belt sprocket, lower
20 = Feed l1fting shaft crank, rear
21 = Drop feed knob
22 = Feed lifting connection
23 = Feed forked connection
24 = Reverse feed control H
25 = Siitch length d iol G
26 = Feed regulator
27 = Zigzag finger-tip control F
28 = Balance wheel
29 = Bobbin winder thumb lever
30 = Bobbi n winder spindle
31 = Engaging lever dial C
32 = Pattern length lever E
9 = Hook •hoff with helical gear
10 = Hook drive shaft helical gear
11 = Hook with bobbin ease
12 = Center for shafts 17 and 38
13 = Bobbin case position finger
14 = Feed bar
15 = Feed lifting shalt crank, front
16 = Hook drive shaft
17 = Feed lift ing shaft
Fig. 130
Needle plate omitted to afford better view
33 = Com assembly
34 = ·cam selector dial D
35 = Toke·up lever
36 = Tension dial M
37 = Feed dog
38 = Feed rock shaft
39 = Driving belt (cord)
40 = Drivinq eccentric for automo·tic
embro•dery mechanism
41 = Needle bar frame pitman
42 = Arm shaft
43 = ZilJzag regulator stud
44 = Slllch width dial A
45 = Needle position lever B
85
Fig. 131 Two-position presser bar lifter
The Pfaff Tool Kit
The Two-Position Presser Bar Lifter
All Pfaff 260 (360) sewing machines
with and wi thout automatic em-
broidery mechanism ore now equip-
ped with a presser bar lifter which
con be flicked to two raised posi-
tions.
When the presser bar lifter is flicked
to position I (Fig. 131 ), the presser
bar is raised, but the needle thread
tension is not released. This position
is ideal for embroidering and
darning (with or without foot) and
obviates the use of a do rning hook.
When the presser bar lifter is set at
position II, it disengages the needle
thread tension, thus facilitating the
removal of the work from the
machine.
Pfaff has brought out a tool kit containing a complete set of the tools required
for the performance of repairs away from the repair shop at the customer's
home. A second tool kit with a larger set of tools is available for the repair of
industrial sewing machines. If you ore interested in obtaining one of these
please request our quotation.
Tool Set in Tool Kit No.1
1 Cowhide leather bog with comportments
1 Water pump pliers No. 2565 M,
make
1 Open-end wrench No. 1336,
15114 mm ("'"" x ' /u")
1 Open-end wrench No. 1336,
13/12 mm (' 1:" x " tn•)
1 Open-end wrench No. 1336,
11/10 mm ('/u" x " ' •••)
1 Open·end wrench No. 1336,
9/ 8 mm ("' •' x .,.,·) ·
1 Open-end wrench No. 1336,
716 mm {'!u• x
15
/o .. )
1 Box wrench No. 4020. make ·seizer•,
1
r8 or 9.52 mm
1 Midget slip-joint pliers No. 2565 l,
make "Belzer·
86
1 Coble sheath splitting knife No. 2048,
w/ scraper
1 Combination pliers No. 1571, 6'; .. ·,
or 160 mm, long
1 Belt punch, for round betls,
1
/to•- •tu•,
(5-7 mm) dio.
1 Hammer No. 1122, 7 oz. (200 g rams) ,
w : handle
1 Quick-grip file handle, make •pferd"
1 Midget chisel set No. 3639, make "Belzer•
1 Vise, 2•, or 50 mm, jaw length; 1'1',
or 32 mm, iow openong
1 Screwdriver No. 9705, make ·e.elzer·,
w/ 2
1
/•• x •t.o•, or 60 x 5 mm, bl ode
1 Screwdriver No. 9720, make ·Belzer· ,
W/ 1•/oo• x " ' •', or 40 x 4.5 mm, blade
1 Screwdriver, for Cl. 138 sewing hook
Flat brush, 1"
Oi I stone, medium fine grit, 3Uf,.-,
or 100 mm, long
1 Oilstone, fine grit, 3"1••", or 100 mm, long
1 Gimlet No. 3137, 'Ill", or 4 mm, dia.
1 Side cutting pliers, 4
16
/ ,.-, or 125 mm, long
Round-nose pliers, s•;,·, or 1-40 mm, long
Flat-nose pl iers No. 1550, 4'/•",
or 120 mm, long
Precisian screwdriver set
Needle rise gouge, w/ clamp, for o needle
rise of .063", .071 ", .079" ond .087"
(1.6; 1.8; 2.0 ond 2.2 mm)
Needle rise gauge, for a needle rise
of .094", or 2.4 mm
Oi fer No. 4360, make "Belzeru
Oi fer No. 2706, brass w! reversible spout
Oi I can, plastic, small
2 Metal boxes for spare ports
1 Screwdriver No. 1424, w/ 5•t,• x •; ,.•,
or 140 x 5 mm, blade
Screwdriver No. 1424, w/ 5'1•" x '!""·
or 150 x 8 mm, blade
Precision half-round file, cut 5, 3
1
'/.0,
o r 100 mm, long
1 Precision needle file. 2"{1.- x •t..•,
or 75 x 1.8 mm
1 Square fi le, cut 3, 4'1•• x
1
/a", or 110 x 3 mm
1 Triangular scraper, 4"h•" x '''· or 125 x 6 mm
1 Round file, cut 3, 4'1•• x
1
/a• , or 110 x 3 mm
1 Flat fi le 4'1• S, 4
16
/u", or 125 mm
1 Round file 4
1
/t S, 4
16
/to ", or 125 mm
1 Scriber, 7
1
/o", or 180 mm, long
1 Sheet emery cloth No. 2471 b/ K 150
1 Sheet finishing cloth No. 2471 b/ 4/C
28 yds emery twine No. 30{12
2 Cleaning rags
1 Drift punch, w/ brass end, 10'/s" x •J..-,
or 270 mm x 8 mm
Gouge, for automatic e mbroidery mecha nism
Circlip pliers
Needle threader gouoe
Fig. 132 Pfa ff tool kit
Abridged Adjustment Procedure for the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism
of Pfaff 260 (360) Machines
1. Insert the zigzag regulator barrel in the machine a rm so that needle posi-
tion lever B points downward when set a t its central position.
87
2. Turn stitch width dial A to "4".
3. Turn eccentric stud A in the needle bar frame pitman (Fig. 107) so that its
lobe is at the top.
4. Turn eccentric .stud B (Fig. 106) to set the needle bar as for to the right
(toward the balance wheel) as possible.
5. Loosen zigzag regulator crank on zigzag regulator stud b (Fig. 1 04) just
sufficiently to permit the Iotter to be adjusted from above with the aid of o
slender screwdriver.
6. Push zigzag finger-tip control F up as far as it will go and,
7. while the machine is running, adjust zigzag regulator stud b so that the
needle bar makes no vibrating motion.
8. Release zigzag finger-tip control F and tighten the set screw on the zigzag
regulator crank. Again push up zigzag finger-tip control F and check to see
that the needle bar does not swing sideways.
9. Set stitch width dial A on "0", run the machine and turn regulat ing screw e
(Fig. 104) to the right or left, as appropriate, until the needle bar ceases to
swing sideways.
10. Turn stitch width dial A to "4" and set needle position lever Bat its central
position. Turn eccentric stud A (Fig. 107) to center the needl·e in the needle
plate slot.
11. Rotate the bevel gear on the arm shaft until the needle, as it descends on
the right and left of its throw, ceases vibrating when its point has reached o
position about
5
/32N to
1
/•N, or 4 to 6 mm, above the needle plate. (See also
the second paragraph on page 48).
12. Turn stitch width dial A to "0", and set needle position lever B at its left
position.
13. Depress zigzag finger-tip control F repeatedly to check whether the needle
does not vibrate. If adjustment is required, loosen hexagon screw c on the
needle position com finger (Fig. 104) and the lock nut on regulating screw d,
and turn this screw in or out while operating zigzag finger-tip control F,
until any needlle vibration has been eliminated. This will normally be the
case when the clearance at f (Fig. 104) is
5
/32", or 4 mm.
14. Put needle position lever B in the central notch.
15. Adjust the needle throw in relation to the center line in the needle plate
slot by means of eccentric stud B (Fig. 106). To make this adjustment, turn
stitch width dial A to "4", then to "0".
16. Set stitch width dial A on "0" and put needle position lever B in the central
notch. Turn eccentric stud A (Fig. 107), as may be appropriate to center the
needle in the needle plate slot.
17. Double-check the position of the needle and of the needle throw in relation
to the needle plate slot and, if necessary, repeat the adjustments discussed
in paragraphs 15 and 16 above. To check the correct setting, place a piece
of cardboard under the needle.
Important
Having made this adjustment conscientiously, tighten all set screws securely.
88

SERVICE MANUAL
for Pfaff Sewing Machines 260 and 360 with built-in automatic embroidery mechanism Functions of Assemblies Electrical Equipment Adjustment Procedures Sewing-off Trouble Shooting

G·M ·PFAFF AG · KARLSRUHE-DURLACH BRANCH

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It goes into greater detail and. The prime object of this manua l is.261 and to enable them to render satisfactory service. however. to import additional technical knowledge to all who or e connected with the sale and repo ir of the Pfaff 260 (360). complements the instruction book which accompanies each machine. the monual proceeds to discuss how the zigzag and automatic mechanisms function. Beg inning w ith a genera l description of the workings of a sewing machine. G. M.bles that may occur occasionally. The nomenclature used in the pertinent spore ports catalogue has also been used throughout this book. thus. The adjustment procedures wh ich follow ore intended for those of ou r dealers who hove to remedy sewing trou.261 sewing machines is a valuable source of technical information which is primarily intended for Pfaff dealers and their service personnel.Foreword This profusely illustrated Service Manual for Pfaff 260 (360). Numerous photographs and drawings are interspersed in the text in order to give users a good ideo of the assembl ies being discussed . PFAFF AG .

. . Regulating the Thread Tension . Multi-Voltage Motors for Pfaff 260 and 360 Machines Maintenance Storing Sewing Heads and Cabinets Checking Cabinets and Stands. . Stitch Formation and Feed Motion The Take-Up lever . Mechan ical Principle of the Pfaff -261 Automatic The Electrical Equipment . . Zigzag Sewing . . Attaching the Bedplate Extension . The Sewing Hook . 7 7 8 11 12 12 13 13 14 15 15 15 16 17 17 18 19 20 20 21 21 22 23 29 31 32 33 35 36 36 37 37 37 38 38 38 39 39 42 42 43 43 44 44 45 46 46 . Inserting the Bobbin Case Needle and Thread Chart Threading the Needle . . Mechan ical Principle of Automatic Machines . The Feed Eccentric . . Regulating the Thread Tension . The Needle Thread Tension W inding the Bobbin . . Mounting the Sewing Head Removing the Rust-Preventative Fluid Cleaning and O iling Removing the Top Cover Cleaning the Feed Dog and the Sewing Hook Removing and Replacing the Face Cover The Needle Threader Stitching off the Machine Checking the Automa~ic Mechanism Regu lating the Pressure on the Material Threading the Machine for Two-Needle Work Preparing the Machine for Two-Needle Decorative Sewing Rules Your Customers Should Know Adjustment Procedures . . The Feed Dog . . . . Suppression of Radio and TV Interference . TheNeedle . Changing the Needle Position . The Bobbin Thread Tension . The Finge r-Tip Control . .CONTENTS Page Foreword How a Sewing Machine Functions . . The lighting System The Electric Drive . . . The Zigzag Mechan ism . Dropping the Feed Dog Stitch length Regulation Reverse Sewing .

. . Abridged Adjustment Procedure for the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism of Pfaff 260 (360) Machines 46 47 48 48 49 50 51 52 52 53 53 55 56 57 58 60 61 63 64 64 64 64 65 66 67 67 67 68 69 71 71 71 73 75 75 76 76 77 77 77 79 81 81 84 85 86 86 87 .Needle Bar Rise . . . Installing a PE 260 or 261 Motor into the Pfaff 260 (-261) Changing the Motor Belt Trouble Shooting . Dismantling and Reassembling the Pfaff Hook . . The Pfaff Tool Kit . Exchanging the Sewing Hook in the Pfaff 360 The Position Finger Brocket . . Works of the Pfaff 260-261 .Page The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket . . Rough Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch . Fine Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch Zeroing the Needle for Straight Stitching Adjusting the Needle Position . . Checking the Operation of the Engaging levers Eliminating Troubles in Automatic Sewing . Assembling and Adjusting the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism The Zigzag Regulator Mechanism . Essential Parts of the Pfaff (-261) Automatic Mounting the Pressure Spring Assembly Adjusting the Engaging levers . Checking the Needle Position in Relation to the Needle Plate Slot Testing the Performance of the Automatic Mechanism . . . . . Replacing and Adjusting tne Stitch length Control Adjusting the Bobbin Winder . . Replacing the Top Cover . . . . Centering the Needle in the Needle Plate Slot Converting a Pfaff 260 (360) into a Pfaff 260-261 (360-261) Installing the Automatic Mechanism Mounting the Engaging levers . . . . Adjusting the Feed Dog in the Feed Slot Setting the Presser Bar and the Feed Dog at Correct Height Dismantling. • The Two-Position Presser Bar lifter .Needle Bar Rise The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket Pfaff 360. . Setting the Needle Bar at Correct Height . Setting the Needle Threader Changing the Thread Check Spring Changing the Cord Belt . . . . . Stripping the Automatic Mechanism Dismantling the Stitch Width Control The Stitch Width Regulating Mechanism in the Machine Arm The Stitch Width Control Adjusting the Stitch Width Control . . . The Needle Vibrating Eccentric Bevel Gear The Driving Eccentric for the Automatic Mechanism Timing the Sewi:ng Hook Pfaff 260. . .

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carrying the thread down through the hole it has mode in the fabric. a needle 2. This loop is entered ot the correct time by the point of the shuttle or sewing hook (figs. an upper and a lower tension mechanism 5. 1 & 2). and are classified into several groups.How a Sewing Mact.ine Functions Household sewing machines all make the conventional lockstitch. 7 . a bobbin winder. The Needle In contrast to the hand sewing needle. 4. complete with bobbin case and bobbin (typical of any lockstitch sewing machine) 3. a feed dog 6. l 1 Fig. Stitch forming and feeding mechanisms 7. This type of stitch consists of on upper (needle) and a lower (bobbin) thread locked together · in the material being stitched. or systems. It penetrates the material at every stitch. the thread bulges out on the short-groove side of the needle to form a loop above its eye. 2 Sewing machine needles are available in many different varieties and sizes. a take-up lever . Every sewing machine designed to produce this type of stitch must hove the following component ports and assemblies: 1. a sewing hook. the machine sewing needle has the eye near its tip. The lock of threads is pulled to the middle of the fabric so that the seam has the same appearance top and bottom. As it rises after reaching the lowest point of its stroke. 1 Fig.

The correct relationship between needle and thread size may be seen from the Needle and Thread Chart on page 18. On Pfaff zigzag and automatic sewing machines. 4 Fig. 100 needle. 6). has a blade diameter of 100/Joo. e. 3 Fig. or clearance cut. 5) and ore measured in hundredths of millimeters. 7. shuttle d·e picted in Fig. or oscillating. Sewing hooks which ore carried on a shaft and revolve freely. 90 or 1()()_ g iven in hundredths of millimeters) F = Flat side of shank L = Length of needle St = Needle size (shaft diameter) I = long groove k = Short groove H = Scarf (cleoronce cut) S = Point 0= Eye Fig. 6 Pfaff domestic sewing machines normally use System 130 R needles with flat shank and scarf (Fig. Opposite the flat side of the shank. and (3) to pass it around the stationary bobbin case (Fig. The scarf. The Sewing Hook The functions of the sewing hook are (1) to enter with its point the needle thread loop which forms at the needle eye as the needle ascends.Needle System 130 R (Needle size. (2) to enlarge this loop. the most popular of which ore: a. millimeter. g. 4). Needle sizes are determined by the shaft diameter (St in Fig. There are different types of loop takers. such as the central-bobbin. Make sure you use only "ORIGINAL PFAFF" needles (see a lso page 81 ). 80. No. Shuttles that move in a race and are driven by a shuttle driver. A No. and b. a long groove extends all the way down to the needle eye. 4 then faces toward the sewing hook. for example. ' 8 . or one. 5 Fig. System 130 B round-shank needles are used for cording and two-needle fancy stitching. this groove must face toward the operator always. marked H in Fig.

or raceway. 10. above are incorporated in modern sewing machines in two varieties. 9 Rotary hook with stationary bobbin case 1 Hook gib 2 = Hook point 3 = Hook shaft 4 = Bobb< case bose n 5 = Sewing hook 8 = Bobbtn case cop 9 = Center stud 10 = Bobbin case latch 11 = Bobbin case position finger brocket 12 = Bobbin case position finger = The rotary sewing hooks mentioned under b. b. Th is type of sewing hook. cut into the hook bowl. features a bobbin case which floats in the hook bowl and is kept from falling out by a retainer (Fig. The rotary hook with stationary bobbin case. known as: a. 8 Rotary hook with floating bobbin case 1 1 = Shuttle race (cut-away view) 4 = Bobbin case 3 = Shuttle 8 = Shuttle driver = R otary hook 2 = Bobbin case 3 = Retainer 11 Fig. The bobbin case of this type hook features a ring-shaped flange which runs in an annular groove. e c f igs. as the name implies. The bobbin case cap is pushed on the center stud in the bobbin case base (Fig. 8). 9).14 h b g 9 .fig. 7 Oscillating shuttle Fig. It is held in place by a hook gib so that it cannot fall out while sewing. The rotary hook with floating bobbin case.

Fig. It is a sewing hook of Pfaff's own design which is rated as jam-proof. above. 15) is set transverse to the direction of feed and moves counter-clockwise. this new Pfaff hook (Fig.261 domestic sewing machines is the type of sewing hook described under b. In other words. Mounted on a horizontal shaft. a stitch is formed only at every other revolution of the sewing hook. 15 Pfaff rotary hook a = Position slot b = Bobbin case bose c = Bobbin d = Bobbin case latch e = Bobbin case cop f =Sewing hook g = Hook point h = Hook thread guard Fig. making two revolutions for each stitch.The loop taker used in Pfaff 260 (360). 16 Works of the Pfaff 260·261 10 . which is a favorable ratio for the take-up lever motion.

18 Text see page 12 t 19 .. 17 Text see page 12 --. Fig .9 23 18 Stitdt Formation and F d Motion .8 Fig .

19 Feed dog in operative position Fig. 20 Sewing forward and reverse The Feed Dog The principal function of the feed dog is to move the material forward or backward in accordance with the stitch length set. As it approaches the highest point of its stroke. Reverse feeding is used to backtack the end of a seam. rear Finger-tip control H Stitch length dial G Feed regulator Feed eccentric Arm shaft Feed lifting connection Feed forked connection The Take-Up Lever The function of the take-up is to provide the correct amount of thread required to enlarge the loop. 12 . 17). lower 23 Driving belt (cord) Note: The needle plate has been omitted in order to give o better view. fig. and to draw back the excess thread after the loop has passed around the bobbin case. front Center stud Roller Feed lifting shaft Center stud Feed rock shaft Feed rock shaft crank Center stud Feed lifting shalt crank. All Pfaff domestic sewing machines are equipped with the long-valued link take-up (Fig. pulls the stitch tight and at the same time draws additional thread through the upper tension for the next stitch. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Feed Motion Pressure regulating screw Presser bar guide collar Presser bar lifting brocket Presser bar Thread cutter Sewing foot Center stud Feed motion diagram Feed dog Feed bar Feed lifting shaft crank. upper 21 Driving belt (Synchroflex) 22 Driving belt sprocket.Stitch Formation 1 Hinge stud 2 Take-up lever link 3 Toke-up crank 4 Motion pattern of the toke-up lever 5 Link toke-up lever 6 Need le bar crank 7 Needle bar connecting link 8 Needle bar connecting stud 9 Needle bar 10 Needle set screw 11 Needle holder 12 Needle 13 Hook point 14 Hook thread guard 15 Hook shaft 16 Hook drive shaft helical gears 17 Hook drive shaft 18 Rotary hook 19 Arm shaft 20 Driving belt sprocket. assisted by the advancing feed dog. the take-up lever.

The dial can also be set to any intermediate length between the graduation marks. 21). thus automatically resuming the feeding of the fabric. 23 & 24 Stitch length dial G with finger-t ip control H 13 . 22 Drop feed control Fig. This feature greatly facilitates the fine regulation of the sti1ch length for satin stitching. Figs. 22). it can be supplied not only with an ordinary feed dog. To lower the feed dog (Fig. 21 Feed dog lowered Stitch Length Regulation The stitch length d ial (Fig. fig. 23) has two graduated sections of the some size. and the other from l to 4. one from 0 to l. embroidering and button sewing. turn drop feed control V clockwise (Fig. When the control is flicked back to its normal position. the feed dog wi ll show a full tooth above the needle plate as it advances (Fig. but also with feed dogs featuring a coarse or flne tooth cut. Dropping the Feed Dog The feed dog is dropped for darning. The fabric will cease feeding.Depending on the type of work the machine is intended to perform. 19).

Fig. If a longer stretch of seam is to be sewn in reverse. When the control is released. 2S Bobbin thread tension S Fig. long reverse stitches. 27 s Fig . the machine resumes forward sewing automatically. 26 Fig. II. 25 Fig. Ill. regardless of the stitch length set. 29 Needle thread tension M 14 . I. turn the stitch length dial counter-clockwise past 0. The machine can be switched to backward sewing. 24}. the machine is briefly switched to reverse stitching by depressing spring-loaded finger-tip control H.Reverse Sewing To backtack the beginning or end of a seam. setting it on one of the two unnumbered graduation marks (Fig. First mark Second mark short reverse stitches.

Regulating the Thread Tension No screwdriver is required to adjust the bobbin thread tension on Pfaff 260 and 360 machines. begin by setting the bobbin thread tension at a medium grade. Any desired degree of tension con be set by the numbers indicated on the dial. Do not turn the knurled screw too for out so that it will not fall out and get lost. Depending on the type of fabric being sewn and the thread size used. from loose to tight. con be covered with one complete turn of the tension dial. However. The correct amount of tension on the need le thread is set by the upper tension (tension discs) on the front of the machine (Fig. and right. the bobbin case should gradually slide down (Fig. 29). The tension should be strong enough to keep the bobbin case from being pulled down by its own weight. the knurled screw on the bobbin case con be turned with the thumb tip. To this end. Determine the correct bobbin thread tension by holding the thread end between your fingers and letting the bobbin case hang freely. for a tighter tension. 15 . 28). Instead. as you jerk your hand slightly. as follows: Turn it left for a looser tension. 30). by the lower tension (flat spring) on the bobbin case (Fig. both tensions must be balanced so that the lock of the needle ond bobbin threads occurs exactly in the center of the material. tighten the regulating screw until a noticeable resistance has to be overcome when pulling the thread. The Bobbin Thread Tension To balance the tensions correctly. This setting can be quickly restored if the tension should hove been altered for some special sewing job. The upper tension is so designed that all grades of tension. and on the bobbin thread.The Thread Tension Both threads must be under proper tension to ensure a correct setting of stitches. The needle thread tension has a third tension disc for two-needle work so that both threads are separated in the tension mechanism.

26). the threads interlock on the underside of the fabric. 27) depicts the perfect stitch. In sketch I (Fig. 3 1 Bobbin winding Fig. 32 Zigzag seam (tap and bottom) 16 . Both threads are interlaced in the center of the material. the threads interlock on the surface of the fabric. Cause: Upper tension too loose or lower tension too tight.The Needle Thread Tension Once the bobbin thread tension has been set correctly. 30 Determining correct bobbin thf eod tension Fig. In sketch II (Fig. 32). Sketch Ill (Fig. In zigzag sewing. the final stitd1 appearance can be regulated by the upper tension dial. 25). the lock of the thread should occur exactly at the zigs ana zags of the seam (Fig. Cause: Upper tension too tight or lower tension too loose. s Fig.

An improperly inserted bobbin case is opt to cause needle breakage. 33 Engaging and disengaging t he sewing mechanism Fig. Inserting the Bobbin Case Insert o full bobbin into the bobbin case and check the tension on the bobbin thread (see page 15). 60 thread on the bobbin. Hoving ascertained that the tension is correct. Then place it on center stud s in the bobbin case base. 34 Inserting the bobbin case 17 . In replacing the bobbin case make sure that the loose end of the bobbin thread will not get jammed in the hook raceway. Release latch k and press aga inst the bobbin case until you hear it snap into place. Check to see. Unfortunately.General Chedtup Before the machine is delivered to the customer it must be given a thorough checkup to ascertain that it will function properly. 34 points up. that the bobbin is wound evenly and that the bobbin winder stops automatically when the bobbin is full (see page 16). wind No. all kinds of sewing trouble may be caused in transit. in particular. Winding the Bobbin To make the machine ready for sewing. at· the same time checking the correct working of the bobbin winder. lift bobbin case latch k and turn the bobbin case until the slot marked with on arrow in Fig. check to see that the needle is above the needle plate before you insert the bobbin case in the machine. Fig. With the thumb and forefinger of·your left hand.

NEEDLE AND THREAD CHAR T I Types of Fabrics Mercerized Cotton I I Sill< Needle Size Fine Fabrics such as georgette. docron. slipcover fabrics. shirting. chiffon. upholstery. plastics. brocades. overcoating. canvas. madras. lightweight canvas. lawn. 24 I I I to E twisl 90 to 40 110 -----Determined by weight of fabric 40 to 50 Determined b)· thread size 60 to 80 Synthetics. I 80 to 100 I 0 to 60 000 twist 70 Lightweight Fabrics such as dress silks and cottons. bed lickings. Acetate including nylon. 40 to 50 C&D twist 100 Very Heavy Fabrics such as heavy lickings. denim. etc. silk. Rayon. voile. sailcloth. muslin. batiste. 50 to 70 B&C twist 90 ---. heavy silks and rayon. 80 70 to 80 A&B twist I Medium Fabrics such as lightweight woolens. corduroy. orion. 18 . gabardine. sheer woolens. draperies .Heavy Fabrics such as coating.

thread and fabric.Threading the Needle Insert a new No. 50 thread on the spool pin. 35 above. The bobbin thread should be one size smaller than the needle thread. Then thread the needle os shown in Fig. The appearance of the finished seam depends on the correct relationship between needle. therefore. 36 & 37 Changing the needle plate 19 . 80 needle and place a spool of No. consult the Needle and Thread Chart on page 18. Figs. To select the proper needle and thread sizes.

Fig. i. the mach ine will sew straight. To accomplish this. The Zigzag Mechanism The design of the zigzag control used on Pfaff machines 260 and 360 and Pfaff Automatics 260-261 and 360-261 differs from that of the former Pfaff 230 and 332 machines. e. 39 Leve r B changes the position of the needle in the needle plate slot - Zigzag Sewing To make the z igzag stitch and the innumerable decorative stitches derived from it. The stitch w idth is increased by :turning dial A clockwise (the higher the number on the d ial. in addition to moving up and down. o r 4. rather than a rigid. When dial A is set on 0. 20 . 38 Need le bar frame S Fig. the needle bar of a zigzag sewing machine is carried in a vibrating frame. The sideways motion of the needle bar emanates from an eccentric and is transmitted to the needle bar frame by a pitman. The well-known zigzag knob of these machines has been rep laced by the knurled stitch width dial A. the machine must be fitted with a vibrating. the wider the stitch}: The maximum stitch width is about 3 /t6". 40). In other words. crosswise to the direction of feed. the needle must be capable of swinging sideways. needle bar.5 mm (Fig. The amount of sideways motion is determined by the stitch width set.

Changing the Needle Position To change the position of the needle in the needle plate slot. you can double the stitch width by depressing the finger-tip control. Note: Dial A serves to regulate only the stitch width while the spacing between stitches. you can instantly double the stitch (increasing it to 3) for bartacking the end of the buttonhole. as may be desired (Fig. When finger-tip control F is pushed up. When dial A is set at 1. straight stitching as soon as the lever is released. 39). 40 . it will be switched to straight stitching instantly. Fig. the stitch width being about 3/16H.The Finger-Tip Control When you depress finger-tip control F of the zigzag mechanism (Fig. while the machine is zigz:ag stitching. 41 ). rather than down. 41 Stitch width finger-tip control F 21 . This is particularly important for making buttonholes and non-automatic embroidery designs. is regulated by stitch length dial G (page 13). lever B is moved from the center (normal position) to the right or left. or the stitch density. you can switch the machine from straight to zigzag stitching. When stitch width dial A is set between 1 and 2 and lever B in notch 1.5 mm. Stitch width dial A Fig. The machine resumes. regardless of the stitch width set. This feature is important for tying off a seam. or 4. This eliminates a number of movements that were required previously.5 for sewing the buttonhole seam.

This is how a decorative seam is produced (see samples illustrated in Fig. the slot at the bock of this stud constantly changes its direction and.0 mm = Needle plate = Needle bar = Needle bar frame = No need le throw (straight stitch) . as may be required to produce the respective embroidery design. This is no easy matter and requires a great deal of practice and skill. As a result. A machine incorporating an automatic embroidery mechanism of this sort is called an "Automatic". 42 Diagram showing the mechanical principle of indirect needle bor from e control 1 z 1 = Pivot 7 2 = Feeler finger 8 3 = Pattern com 4 = Slide block 9 5 = Zigzag regulator stud 10 6 = Needle vibrating 11 eccentric 0 = Need le bor frame pitman = Needle bight of 1 / u•. transmits the varying throws of the revolving com to zigzag regulator stud 5. or 4. . you hove to move stitch width dial A. 43). however. via a lever assembly. Ornamental stitching is greatly simplified. thus.Mechanical Principle of Automatic Machines If you want to sew decorative seams on on ordinary ·zigzag sewing machine. The mechanical principle of indirect control incorporated shown in Fig. 1n an Automatic 1s Feeler finger 2 rides on the rim of pattern com 3 and.alters the stitch width.machine which operates the . 42 below. needle position lever B or finger-tip control F in rhythm. if a special mechanism is built into the . Fig. above•mentioned controls automatically.

the Pfaff automatic embroidery mechanism controls the need le motion indirectly. 44). The automatic embroidery mechanism used for these machines con be easily installed in the mochin·e arm. Each pattern com normally produces only one basic embroidery design. 44). They ore so designed that both the zigzag regulator stud and the needle bar frame ore operated from the pattern com direct (see Fig.Machines incorporating the principle of direct needle bar frame control work differently. In contrast to automatic devices which ore so designed that the throw of the pattern com is transmitted to the needle bar frame· directly (Fig. Mecftanical Principle of the Pfaff -261 Automatic Both the Pfaff 260 flat-bed and the Pfaff 360 free-arm sewing machines are so designed that they con be converted into automatic machines at any time.e. the sideways motion of the needle bar frame is not derived from on eccentric. To change over from one design to another. wh ich is open at the top. in other words. is closed with a special top cover supplied with the automatic embroidery mechanism. a new pattern com must be inserted in the machine. This arm. 44 Diagram showing the mechanical principle of direct needle bar frome control 7 1 = Pivot 2 Feeler finger 3 = Pattern cam 4 = Slide block 5 = SloHed lever 6 = Pivot = 7 8 9 10 11 0 = Needle bar frame pitman = Needle bight Needle plate = Needle bor = Needle bar frame = No needle throw (straight stitch) = 23 . i. through the needle position and stitch width regulator assemblies. 1 Fig. As a result.

Pressed against this eccentric by spring action is roller 1 which is carried on driving lever 2.Driving lever Regulating slide 3 4 . 46) anywhere between 0 and 7.Roller 2 . the eccentric pushes the roller and the driving lever sideways a certain distance. D. The amount of sideways motion determines the rotational speed of com assembly 5. With the aid of the embroidery design dial.Cam assembly 6 . As a result. In order to provide a possibility of varying this speed. Another advantage afforded by this automatic embroidery mechanism is that the rotational speed of its cam assembly can be varied at will by setting the pattern length lever (4 in Fig. 45) and the com assembly is not rotated. All motions utilized in the automatic embroidery mechan ism emanate from an eccentric which is arranged on the arm shaft and simultaneously serves as a set collar (6 in Fig. controls A. the eccentric tapers off toward the right and the position of the driving lever can be varied in relation to regulating slide 3. C. 42).Pattern length lever 5 . All basic designs can. B. As a result. as required (Figs. Automatic machines incorporating this feature offer the additional advantage that the needle position and the stitch width can be varied either singly or jointly and that all patterns can be sewn in different lengths without altering the stitch density. be lengthened or shortened while retaining the stitch density.the mechanical principle of positively controlling the needle motion by an eccentric has been preserved in this machine (Fig. 46). As the arm shaft rotates. the driving lever remains in its starting position (Fig. 45-47).Driving eccentric for automatic embroidery mechanism 7 = Arm shaft 24 VO Pattern cam does not rotate Vl - Maximum amount of pattern cam rotation Medium amount of pattern cam rotation V3 . the driving lever roller is opposite the concentric collar of the eccentric and out of contact with the eccentric so that the Iotter idles. thus. The automatic embroidery mechanism is completely disengaged. When the regulating slide is moved to the right as far as it will go. 97). Continued on pa~e 26 Key to drawings on opposite page 1 . exchangeable cam assembly made up of eight pattern cams of different shape (Fig. 113) can be set to produce several hundred attractive embroidery stitches. E and F of both the machine and the automatic embroidery mechanism (Fig. the number of stitches per cam revolution can be increased or decreased. The Pfaff -261 automatic embroidery mechanism features a built-in.

45 Fig.This is how the driving eccentric works ~0 I fig. 46 Fig. 47 25 .

on eccentric pin on the pattern length regulating crank (50561) engages in the fork of the regulating slide (c in Fig. Fig. The farther the regulating slide is moved to the left. but also the number of stitches it contains. determines not only the length o·f the design. a small throw of the driving lever causes the com assembly to rotate slowly. The rotational speed of the com assembly con thus be varied between 25 and 100 stitdhes per com revolution and design. 26 . 109) and moves this slide lengthwise of the machine arm. 5 and 7. 3. thus producing more stitches and a longer design (Figs. 49 Cam assembly feed clutch 3 5 7 Fig. in turn. respectively. 48 Cam assembly backlash retainer fig. The role of speed is controlled by lever E (Fig. As this lever is turned from one graduation to the next. And conversely.As the regulating slide is moved to the left. 113) which is arranged on the top cover and has eight graduations. 46) at positions 1. thus producing fewer stitches and a shorter des. 50 Various pattern lengths as are obtained by setting lever E (4 in Fig. 46 and 50). the roller rides up on the conical port of the driving eccentric. 47 and SO). the larger will be the throw of the driving lever ond the higher the rotational speed of the com assembly. A Iorge throw of the driving lever causes the com assembly to rotate quickly. This speed.ign (Figs.

in addition. the feeler finger rides on the rim of the corresponding pattern cam and transmits its rhythmic throws to the feeler finger assembly carrier (50386). 27 . must be retained in its position each time the driving lever returns for its next stroke. the ·front stud makes a larger sideways motion than do the two others. 111 ). an adjustable connection (50400). each feeler ' finger is set alternately to engage the cam opposite. In addition. This requirement has necessitated the incorporation of a feed clutch assembly made up of a roller clutch (50473) and a clutch body (50483) with a backlash retain~r. The com assembly naturally must revolve in one direction only and. rotates the cam assembly by a fraction of one revolution (intermittent feed) . By turning this dial one eighth of a turn at a time. Cam selector dial D (Fig. the engaging lever connected to the lower of the two holes will cause the zigzag regulator stud (106177) to make a larger rotation than will the engaging lever secured in the top hole. make up the feeler finger assembly (t in Fig. and one to the zigzag regulator arm (106178). Since each hole is arranged at a different distance from the fulcrum of the connecting rod. 79 and 80) on the arm shaft must be adjusted in proper relation to the needle bar crank (105057). 111) has eight graduations. through a connecting lever (50371 ). Eight feeler fingers. The front and central engaging levers control the stitch width and are secured in the two holes of the connecting rod by means of eccentric studs. The exchangeable cam assembly is secured in position on the collar of the clutch body by a beehive spring and a thumb nut (a in Fig. The needle position is controlled by the rear engaging lever whose stroke is the shortest of them all and actuates the zigzag regulator arm. the driving lever rna kes one sideways motion and. ond the engaging lever driver (50499). 50585. During each revolution of the arm shaft. arranged spirally around a center stud and offset at an angle of 45° against one another. and 50599). All motions are adapted to one another so that the front engaging lever controls the needle motion for the entire width of bightJ while the central engaging lever controls the needle motion only for half the needle throw. Two of these levers are hinged to a connecting rod (105193). All possible settings of the feeler finger assembly can be covered with one complete turn of dial D. As the cam assembly rotates. one for each feeler finger. the position of the driving eccentric (Figs. This driver carries three studs (50498) each of which is provided with a slot to receive one of the th ree engaging levers (50431.To ensure that the cam assembly will rotate only when the needle is out of the material. 51).

respectively. Dial C controls the seHing of engaging levers d. 52). is to be applied in conveying the throw of the pattern cam to the zigzag mechanism is determined by the position of the cam stud (50418) which carries engaging lever dial C. When set on zero (see Fig..Fig. one or two engaging levers are engaged and transmit the motion of the engaging lever driver to the zigzag mechanism. When set at any position between 1 and 5. 51 Pfaff -261 automatic embroidery mechanism. dt and dt Which engaging lever. dial C effects the following settings in the automatic embroidery mechanism: 28 . the controls of the Pfaff Automatic can be set like those of any ordinary zigzag sewing machine. or levers. When dial C is set at any other position. This dial can be turned to six positions. With all three engaging levers raised. all three engaging levers are raised against the pressure exerted by the spring assembly arranged above. The engaged lever falls into the slot of the stud underneath so that the transverse pin in this slot enters its notch.

Canada. conforms to international safety regulations. automatically controlling the needle motion for the entire width of bight and 1he needle position. 53 Set screw g and mark h (see adjustment procedure on page 66) Dial Cat 1 The central engaging lever is engaged and automatically controls the needle motion for half the width of bight. automatically controlling the needle motion for half the width of bight and the needle position. 52 Engaging lever d ial C Fig.S.Fig. and the U. Neutral electrical testing laboratories in Germany. hove confirmed this. The needle position con be set by hand. The desired stitch width con be set by hand. The needle position con be set by hand. The Electrical Equipment The electrical equipment of all Pfaff 260 and 360 sewing machines. respectively. Denmark. To comply with the 29 . Dial Cat 2 Both the central and rear engaging levers ore engaged simultaneously. Dial C at5 Both the front and rear engaging levers ore engaged simultaneously. respectively. Norway. Dial Cat 4 The front engaging lever is engaged and automatically controls the needle motion for the entire width of bight. with or without automatic embroidery mechanism. Dial Cat 3 The rear engaging lever is engaged and automatically controls the needle position. Sweden.

approval and test specifications of the Association of German Electrical En· gineers (VDE). 260 and 360 machines. The ground connection will be effective only if the safety plug is used together with a safety socket that is actually earthed. In the course of this test. the additional insulation will reliably protect the user aga inst electric shock. The danger of on electric shock has thus been successfully eliminated. on the other hand. In the case of the motors used with Cl. while 4. this insulation consists of a p lastic housing. for Pfaff sewing machines hove been awarded the VDE seal only on account of the high quality of their electrical equipment. is connected to earth by means of a safety plug. 500-volt A.. Warning Whoever installs into our machines motors or other electrical ports of a make other than Pfaff thereby violates the German Trade Marks Act. C. the protective insulation has. If the normal insulation should foil (e. If neither a puncture nor a flashover has occured during a period of one second. The type of insulation used (double insulation) is indicated on the model plate of the machine by two squares. Since this protective insulation is of great importance to the safety of the user. if the motor winding should be scorched). one inside the other. the electrical equipment of our machines must hove either on earthing lead or double insulation. This type of insulation affords the advantage that practically no leakage of current will occur as a result of an aged normal insulation.400-volt A. it is subjected to a stringent test at our factory. g. passed the test with 20 times the normal load of 220 volts. C. This means that the normal insulation (e. is applied to the protective insulation of the completed machine. This connection posses from the wall outlet to the plug and thence to the foot control. Do not foil to impress this fact upon your customers as otherwise the earthing lead would be useless. or the use of spark arrester. between the motor winding and the laminations) is complemented by a second protective insulation. The foot control of the machine. Inasmuch as we are convinced that insulating is more effective than earthing. is applied to the normal insulation. g. in effect. without passing through the machine itself. a defective earthing wire. 30 . the electrical equipment incorporated in all Pfaff 260 and 360 sewing machines is doubly insulated.

Suppression of Radio and TV Interference Motors and speed controls of household sewing machines are among the electrical equipment which frequently causes radio and TV interference. Note To ensure effective radio interference suppression.15 to 300 megacycles per second. The whole problem of radio interference suppression is exceedingly difficult. should be advised to use an outdoor aerial for their radio and TV sets in order to ensure good reception also for distant stations. the VDE (Association of German Electrical Engineers) has set the limits of maximum permissible radio and TV interference in the entir-e frequency range from 0. short. The amount of interference is determined by the ratio between the useful energy received !by the transmitter and the disturbing energy emitted. will interfere much more seriously with the reception of a distant station whose transmitting power is weak. make sure when repairing a machine that you use the same radio noise filters that were installed in the machine originally. In Germany. 31 . and ultra-short wave bands as well as TV. a compromise has been reached which is laid down in the VDE specifications. This frequency range covers the long. Our customers. therefore. As a result. Pfaff is authorized to state the degree of radio interference suppression obtained on the model plate: Normal FN 59. For this reason. The sparks occurring at the commutator and the contacts are miniature "jamming stations". The same amount of disturbing energy which will interfere with the reception of a local station only slightly. To ensure a degree of radio interference suppression which would meet all conceivable requirements would be much too expensive at present. medium. as follows: G (coarse) N (normal) K (negligible) The degree of interference caused by our electrical equipment lies below group N. The degree of interference has been classified into three groups. Pfaff household sewing machines have been tested and approved by the VDE. which is very favorable. These specifications are adhered to in making our sewing machines non-static. which interfere with radio and TV reception over the power cords and through radiation.

The lighting System
The lighting system comprises the following component parts:

1. The Push-Button Switch
Located on the front of the machine, this switch is capable of withstanding 100,000 switching actions.

2. The 15-wattlight Bulb
It is tubular in shape and has a bayonet socket. Preference was given to this type of socket because bayonet-socket bulbs con be obtained in countries throughout the world. Other advantages are that this bulb can be easily exchanged and will not be loosened by vibration. Its burning life is 1000 hours, provided the line voltage corresponds to the voltage stamped on the bulb. The burning life of the bulb, as well as its luminous power, is greatly affected by the line voltage. A slight increase in line voltage will result in a drastic reduction of its burning life.

3. The Lamp Socket The lamp socket is secured to a grille which has a bent tab at its end so that it can be easily grasped and swung out (Fig. 54).
When inserting a new bulb, be sure to slide its two pins F (Fig. 54) into the slots of the bayonet socket. Then press the bulb in and turn it clockwise. To take the bulb out of its socket, simply proceed in reversed sequence.
Fig. 54 Changing the light bulb Fig. 55 Cross section of Pfaff foot control

6

7

32

The Electric Drive

1. General

All domestic sewing machines are equipped with series motors which are characterized by the fact that their speed is dependent upon the load. This being so, a certain ratio must be observed between their output and their speed. If the motor is too powerful for the job at hand, it is likely to disturb the balance of the electrical system and to cause premature wear of, or even damage to, the sewing machine.

2. The Speed Control
The motor speed depends not only on the torque required to drive the machine, but also on the voltage applied to the motor. This fact is used to control the motor speed. A variable resistor is placed in the motor circuit. This rheostat is available as a foot, knee, or treadle control (Figs. 57-59), as may be desired by the customer.

Fig. 56 Built-in Pfaff PE 370 motor

7

I

1 = Combinot1on plUg

2 Double receptacle 3 = Safety pJug

=

5 = Light switch 6 = Light bu lb with grille
(swi ng-out type) 7 = Motor with radio noise filler

4

4 = Foot control

33

All ffaff speed controls are equipped with a resistor made of nickeline wire which is extremely durable and will withstand hard wear. One of the lows of electricity says that the energy onrnihiloted in the rheostat is inevitably converted into heat and that the amount of heat released in the process is the some, regardless whether a carbon-pile or a wire rheostat is involved. Occasional compla ints about this fact indicate that this physical low is not enough known among our customers.

3. The , E 370 Motor P
This type of motor is used in the Pfaff 360 (-261) free-arm portable sewing machine. In compliance with safety regulations, the PE 370 motor is enclosed plastic housing. Its principal components are as follows:
1. Stator
10

a

2. Rotor with commutator 3. End shield (drive end), with powder-metal bearing and screwholes for mounting it on the motor base plate
4. End shield (opposite end), with powder-metal bearing and brushholder

5. Carbon brushes When operating at 4,700 r.p.m., the motor has on output of 30 watts which corresponds to the power required to drive a portable sewing machine and guarantees a minimum sewing speed of 1,200 s.p.m. The motor, together with the radio noise filter and the terminal box, is mounted on the motor base plate. The technical data of the motor is recorded on the rating plate which is screwed onto the bottom of the motor base plate. The wiring of the motor is illustrated in Fig. 56.
Fig. 59 Fool control

Fig. 57

Treadle control

Fig. 58

Knee control

34

3

Fig. 60 Built-in Pfaff 260 motor 1 = Combination plug 2 3

5 = Light switch
6 = Light bulb with grille (swing-out type) 7 = Motor with rodio noise filter

= Sofety plug 4 = Foot control

= Double

receptacle

4. The PE 260 Motor

This type of motor is used in the Pfaff 260 (-261) sewing machine. In compliance with safety regulations, the PE 260 motor is enclosed in a plastic housing (see note on insulation on page 30). Its principal components are as follows: 1. Stator 2. Motor with commutator 3. Housing section (drive end), with powder-metal bearing and screwholes for mounting it on the motor bracket 4. Housing section (opposite end), with powder-metal bearing and brushholder 5. Carbon brushes When operating at 7,500 r.p.m., the motor has an output of 45 watts which guarantees a minimum sewing speed of 1,500 s.p.m.
Multi-Voltage Motors for Pfaff 260 and 360 Machines Effective July, 1961, Type PE 261 and PE 371 motors are available for Pfaff 260 and 360 machines, respectively, which can be switched to three voltage ranges, as desired.

35

These motors hove the some dimensions as the PE 260 and PE 370 motors and ore equipped with a voltage selector switch which con be set to the desired voltage range by means of an ordinary screwdriver. The voltage ranges incorporated ore as follows: 105-130 volts 135-165 volts 200-250 volts

II Ill

A specially dimensioned speed control is supplied with these motors.
Maintenance

Lubrication Pfaff household sewing machine motors require no additional lubrication, for they are equipped with self-lubricating powder-metal bearings. Importan t Before you proceed to check the electrical equipment, olwoys pull the plug out of the wall outlet because an electric shock may be fatal. Changing the Carbon Brushes The quality of the carbon brushes used in our sewing machines guarantees a long service life. When replacing a used brush which was found to be serviceable still, make sure its worn end faces toward the commutator (the curvature of this worn end should match the curvature of the commutator). If it is inserted with the wrong end facing the commutator,. heavy sparking will result. To exchange a carbon brush, unscrew the cap by turning it counter-clockwise, and toke the old brush out. When inserting a new brush, take care that it slides down into the duct until it contacts the commutator. Then slip the cap over the spring, push it against the brush duct, and screw it down by turning it clockwise. Take care that the new carbon brushes are the same quality as those used in the motor originally. The perfect working of the motor and a long service life of both the commutator and the brushes depend on it. Cleaning the Commutator From time to time, check and clean the commutator. To do this, wipe the commutator with a rag moistened with cleaning fluid. If grooves or scorched spots should occur on the commutator, it is advisable to send the complete motor to the factory for re-turn ing. the commutator, a job which calls for special skill.
Storing Sewing Heads and Cabinets

It goes without saying that sewing machine storerooms must be absolutely dry. If adverse local conditions make it impossible to meet this req uirement, it is
36

After the adjustment. and push the center against the treadle as far as it will go. Next.strongly recommended to install o dehumidifier which will keep the degree of moisture constant. without rotating it. and swing up the sewing head hinges as far os they will go. Moisture. on a loth grid. and turn the bedplate toward you. AHaching the Bedplate Extension (German-made cabinets only) Stand the machine upright so that it rests on its needle-bar end (place a felt pad under the face cover). Treadle wheel bearing 2. To do this. Pitman bearing 3. Checking Cabinets and Stand's Before mounting the sewing head. insert screw and washer. take a wrench. and screw it down. place it on a level surface and check whether the door and all drawers open easily. bring the extension in line with the bedplote. Hold the bedplate extension so that its connecting clip faces downward. When machines are stored in moist locations. if the machine in question is footdriven. Minor corrections may be mode when the sewing head is mounted on the cabinet. whether packed or unpacked. check to make sure the treadle moves easily. unpack the machine at once and store it separately. and slip it onto the balance-wheel end of the bedplate. Mounting the Sewing Head Open the cabinet on which the machine is to be mounted. Treadle bearing Check to see that the treadle has no excessive play between the centers. irrespective of the season. particularly when it rises from the floor. If cabinets with mounted machines are to be stored in their cartons. oil the following ports of the treadle mechonism : l. apply a little paraffin wax to all frictional surfaces. check and oil the cabinet or treadle stand selected for the machine in question. has a highly detrimental effect on the machines and cabinets stored. Securely tighten the set screw which engages the flat spot on the center. make sure that the packing has not absorbed any moisture in transit. If not. Sewing heads ore best stored on shelves. loosen the set screw of one of the centers. If it has. If adjustment is required. Then turn out the set screws on the 37 . even the film of rust preventative fluid which has been applied to the machines at the factory cannot prevent the occurrence of a slight trace of rust. and cabinets.

It cannot be avoided in applying this fluid that tiny drops occasionally enter the bearings where they may cause hard running of the machine. 38 . Check whether there is on even and sufficiently wide interspace between the front edge of the bedplote and the top flap of the cabinet. If this space should be too wide. and apply Pfaff sewing machine o il to all oiling points before the machine is delivered to the customer. dropped into its cabinet. smooth running. for the longevity. Cleaning and Oiling No Pfaff dealer should foil to impress upon his customers the importance of regular machine core. Failure to observe this rule may cause the studs to be bent. all Pfaff sewing machines are sprayed with o rust-preventative fluid in order to prevent rust occurring on the metal surfaces in transit and subsequent storage. Now swing the machine down to the normal position for sewing. lift it up perpendicularly. Great caution must also be used in lifting the machine off the hinge studs. (See also the illustrations on pages 40 and 41).machine far enough so that they do not protrude into the boreholes which receive the hinge studs. Two studs hold the top cover in position on the arm costing. and satisfactory performance of the machine depend on it. slip as many spacers {28419) onto the hinge studs as may be required to reduce it to normal. To remove the top cover from the machine. Then push it onto the studs. and slide it down as for as it will go. or kerosene. Removing the Rust-Preventative Fluid Before they leave the factory. To prevent this. Make particularly sure that the set screws ore turned out for enough. Tilt the machine bock and tighten the set screws securely so that they will not loosen when the machine. making sure that both studs enter the boreholes simultaneously. Seize the machine by the front end and the arm standard oncf tilt it bock slightly. Removing the Top Cover Af. it is possible to reach all oiling points and to adjust the various mechanisms located in the machine arm. rinse all bearings with cleaning fluid.ter removing the top cover. is shipped to the customer.

Therefore. for they are entirely unsuitable.Cleaning the Feed Dog and the Sewing Hook lint is likely to accumulate on the underside of the needle plate and in the vicinity of the sewing hook. Running the machine for just a few minutes will suffice to work the oil thoroughly into all the bearings. To do this. will be found easily. One or two drops of oil normally ore sufficient for each oiling point. Removing and Replacing the Face Cover The face cover normally need only be removed when the needle and presser bars have to be adjusted or the ports at this end of the machine need cleaning. 63) and pull the face cover down.. Excessive oiling will cause soiling of the work. the excess oil forming residues which. it is best to place it on a stand. Provided proper caution is used. 66). To rinse the machine with cleaning fluid thoroughly. loosen set screw K (Fig. The oiling points are marked by arrows in Figs. from time to time. Replacing the face cover is very simple because on PfafF 260 and 360 machines no part of the needle threader mechanism is aHached to the face cover. it may be rinsed even after it has been mounted on a cabinet. as this may cause hard running of the machine. strip the needle plate and remove the lint accumulated on its underside as well as packed between the tooth rows of the feed dog.05 and. 39 . Use a separate oiler for this purpose. in time will couse heavy working of the machine. together with the accumulated dust and lint. Make sure that the clip belt does not come in contact with the cleaning fluid or the oil.. At the same time. Important Use non-resinous and acid-free Pfaff sewing machine oil only. 61. Never use animal or vegetable oils. then away from the machine. do not forget to clean the sewing hook (Fig. Here is the procedure to follow: Tilt the machine back and squirt cleaning fluid into all oilholes marked by an arrow in the pertinent illustrations. hence. In general it may be said that the bearing surfaces of all moving and rotating parts require regular lubrication.

This procedure will help preserve the smooth running of the machine. 62 Oiling points of the Pfaff 260·261 Automatic (top cover removed) 40 .It is recommended. oil the machine and wipe it dry. See also the illustrations on page 84. unthread the needle. After all dirt and gummed oil hove been washed out. to squirt ample cleaning fluid into all oilholes. Then raise the presser foot. about once every six months. and run the machine at high speed. and should be applied regardless whether the machine is used regularly or not at all. Clean ing and lubricating the sewing hook is illustrated on page 41. Fig. 61 Oiling points of lhe Pfaff 260 (top cover removed) Fig.

65 Oiling the sewing hook Fig.Fig. 63 Oiling points ot the front end of the mochine (top ond foce covers removed) Fig. 64 Oiling points on the undersiae of the Pfoff 260 Fig. 66 Cleaning the sewing hook 41 .

Whoever wonts to be sure that his customer will be really satisfied with the performance of his machine. 3. Figs. Jerk control p down again so that the thread loop will fall off prong w. Keep the control in this position. 4. and place both threads bock under the sewing foot. With your left hand. then place it behind the hook of threader prong w. 67) is in line with the bottom edge of the top cover. i.The Needle Threader Operation of the needle threader is extremely easy. The needle is threaded from front to bode:. Simply make sure that the needle is at its highest position. that the lower hole of the ascending tokeup lever d (Fig. 2. Then lower the sewing foot and: 1. 68-71 and 96}. Turn the balance wheel to draw the bobbin thread up through the needle hole. will also try it out on delicate and heavy fabrics. Pull the thread through the needle eye by hand and release control p. Hold the thread loosely and lead it from the left around the small pin q. Stitching Oft the Machine Begin to stitch off the machine on a medium-grade fabric. push needle threader control p down until threader prong w penetrates the needle eye. 67-71 Threading the needle with the Pfaff needle threader 42 . Release control p slightly until prong w reverses and pulls the thread through the needle eye (Figs. e. Establish the correct needle thread tension while sewing on these materials with straight and zigzag stitches. The complete range of sewing tests includes stitching across tucks as well as sewing forward and backward with the machine set for straight stitches of varying lengths.

it will bear against the top cover.B left. check the performance of the machine with different needle positions. For best results. Regulating screw is about 3h6• below top of casting. Do not forget to put a few drops of oil on the oil pad which serves to provide a constant oil film on the rims of the individual pattern cams. however. Also try out whether the machine works properly when you overcast an edge. the machine must produce a seam which does not pucker. If mostly sheer and delicate fabrics are to be sewn. Checking the Automatic Mechanism If the machine in question is equipped with an automatic embroidery mechanism (Pfaff 260-261 and Pfaff 360-261). stitch various embroidery designs to check the performance of this mechanism. Observe these general rules: Normal pressure: light pressure: Regulating screw is flush with top of casting. Regulating screw protrudes about '/s' from top of casting.E 1 D 7. naturally. Regulating the Pressure on the Material The medium amount of pressure for which the presser bar has been set at the factory will be found adequate for all ordinary sewing operations and need not be changed. and bock to 0 again. All of the above tests. otherwise. Strong pressure: 43 . nor should the thread break.C 3. 75).B left. should be repeated with narrow and wide zigzag stitches. After switching back to straight stitching. Do not turn the screw out too far as.Even when stitching delicate fabr ics. and check to see that it does not skip stitches when the needle stitches over the edge. it should be oiled thoroughly.E 1 Run the machine slowly and check whether the automatic embroidery mechanism works properly as it gradually changes the stitch width from 0 to 4.B left .C 5.C 2. turn screw V inwardly. Before an Automatic is delivered to the customer.E 1 D 4 . To increase the pressure for dense and thick materials. ease the pressure exerted by the presser bar spring by turning out regulating screw V (Fig. The mechanism must not get stuck in the process. choose the following settings: D 3.

the take-up lever has two boreholes. 72 Threading diogrom for two needles -€ Fig. Before you screw it down for good. . one for each needle thread. ore equipped with o feed dog which need not be changed any more. 73 Attaching the double-need le holder Preparing the Machine for Two-Needle Decorative Sewing To sew decorative designs with two needles. feed dog. Fig. 72. or 6 mm. remove the needle plate. •) Note : All Pfaff 260 machines suppl ied after Ja nuary. If it does. Set the machine for the longest stitch and turn the balance wheel bock and forth until the front and rear set screws in the feed dog con be reached with a screwdriver. replace the needle plate.Threading the Machine for Two-Needle Work The needle thread tension has a third tension disc which separates the threads in the tension mechanism. and screw on both the needle p!ote and the sewing foot designed for a stitch width of 1//'. tighten the feed dog set screws. the needle plate. and check whether the feed dog moves freely in the feed slot {see page 53). and sewing foot must be exchanged for on identical ports set designed for a stitch width of 1/ / ' . {This ports set is supplied at extra cost. Exchange the norma l feed dog for the feed dog designed for a stitch width of 1/4". or 6 mm.) *) Converting the machine for two-needle decorative sewing is very simple. Twin needles cannot be threaded with the need le threader. or 6 mm. For the same reason. How the machine is threaded for two-needle work is illustrated in Fig. Begin by removing the needle plate. 1962.

73).To make two-needle ornamentations and tucks. and replacement ports. Loy both threads bock under the sewing foot before you begin sewing. Available at extra cost. Never run a threaded machine unless you hove fabric under the presser foot. For all Pfaff sewing machines use only ORIGINAL-PFAFF needles. Fig. the balance wheel should always turn toward you. 75 Regulating the sewing foot pressure 45 . 3. accessories. 4. 6. 2. Never turn the balance wheel in the opposite direction. this needle holder is secured to the needle bar by screw d (Fig. especially after the machine has been threaded. Always raise the toke-up lever to its highest position before you begin and after you have completed a seam. the machine must be equipped with a double-needle holder designed for a needle gouge of 5 /6•H. 74 Take· up lever at its highest position Fig.0). 5. Rules Your Cus . Any machine fitted to make stitches 1/-. or 2.tomers Should Know 1. When sewing. Put one or two drops of oil into the hook raceway each day you sew.e. i. counter-clockwise.H wide can also be used for all ordinary sewing operations without any difficulty.0 mm (1 05381 x 2.

This recess should be 46 . toke core that the feed eccentric has been set very accurately. between it and the rear bearing bushing on the arm shaft (Fig. n The Feed Eccentric Make sure the timing marks on the feed eccentric and on the arm shaft are in line. or 2.0 mm. push it toward the feed eccentric and make sure that its position pin (which should point toward the balance wheel) enters the borehole in the eccentric (Fig.·. The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket The correct position of the driving belt sprocket on the arm shaft is of eminent importance for the proper balancing of this shaft. 76 Fig.08'' ) Fig. follow the procedures outlined below: -2mm f. 77). Tighten the eccentric set screws securely. On all machines fitted with a clip belt. each procedure will be discussed separately. Before you adjust the position of the sprocket. 76). Wherever variations in design necessitate different adjustment procedures. Then tighten both set screws in the driving belt sprocket securely. the sprocket position pin should engage the small recess S in the collar of the feed eccentric. as instructed above. To position the sprocket on the arm shaft correctly. Push the eccentric to the right until there is a clearance of about 5 /6. To check the settings of a machine or to reset it after it has been stripped and reassembled.ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURES The following instructions apply to bot'h th~ P*a# 260 flat-bed and the Pfaff 360 free-arm sewing machine.

The timing mark on the flanged bushing should point upward (Fig. above the needle plate. check to see that the gears ore set at right angles to each other. Securely 47 . 79 To ensure that the sideways motion of the needle bar will be completed when the point of the needle has reached a position about 1/. Fig. Move the arm shaft bevel gear on the shaft. loosen the set screws on the a rm shaft bevel gear and. and that the ends of their teeth meet in one point. If. check the following setting: Turn 1he a rm shaft until the feed eccentric timing mark is at the top. adjust the position of the Iotter on its shaft. In case there is no mark on the needle vibrating bevel gear. hold the arm shaft with its tim ing ma rk pointing upward and turn the arm shaft bevel gear until the lobe of the needle vibrating eccentric is at the top. 78). At the same time. as may be required to minimize the amount of play and ensure smooth running of the gears. 78 Fig. the position pin on the upper driving belt sprocket and the timing mark on the orm shaft ore offset against each other by 180°. The Needle Vibrating Eccentric Bevel Gear This gear is carried on a transverse shaft which con be moved lengthwise of its fla nged bushing and is secured in position by a grub screw. or 5 to 6 mm. On all machines fitted with a cleated Synch'l"oflex driving belt.~xactly in line with the feed eccentric timing mark on the orin shaft. turn it until the tim ing mark on the collar of the needle vibrating bevel gear points upwa rd.~. after this adjustment. while keeping it in mesh with the needle vibrating bevel gear. t he needle bar frame pitman should jam between the needle vibrating eccentric bevel gear and the flanged bushing.

__ -~ 1 about •1. This distance is termed "needle bar rise". With Pfaff 260 (-261) and 360 (-261) machines this loop has reached the proper size when the needle bar has risen about 5 /6•". however.(4 mm) Fig. it serves as a set collar which bears against the arm shaft front bushing.tigh~en both set screws on the arm shaft bevel gear. the needle position lever must be put in the central notch. leaving just enough play to permit oil to enter the gap between these parts.0 mm. or 2. and on the other.007". make sure a clearance of . from the lowest point of i:ts stroke. The Driving Eccentric for the Automatic Mechanism This eccentric performs a dual function . Take care. it serves to drive the automatic embroidery mechanism.15 to 0. To eliminate any end ploy. ______ L ~-.2 mm. that the arm shaft does not turn heavily. can be set by trial- 48 ._ _. both the needle bar crank and the driving eccentric must be set as close to the arm shaft front bushing as possible. The correct amount of nee~le bar rise. The formation of this loop is the first step in producing a stitch. with dial A (Fig. For this purpose. Never attempt to make the arm shaft run smoothly by tapping on the balance wheeL This action is likely to force the arm shaft front bushing out of its mount and cause binding of the parts at the needlebar end of the machine. 80 Timing the Sewing Hook As the needle rises from the lowest point of its stroke. the needle thread forms a loop on its short-groove side. hold the needle vibrating eccentric bevel gear in proper engagement. and secure the transverse shaft in its position by tightening the grub <crew. is preserved between the balance wheel bushing and the arm shaft rear bushing. When adjusting the end play of the arm shaft. naturally. 51) set on "0" and the needle bar at its highest position. On the one hand.. s To check the above setting.. which is entered and enlarged by the point of the sewing hook. or 0. the latter makes no perceptible sideways motion when finger-tip control F is depressed. near the eye. note the following: The needle vibrating eccentric is set correctly if.

Slip both the clamp and the 5!6.101-4 in setting the sewing hook to the needle. or 2. Z 70. Now needle bar has risen 5 49 .0 mm. Needle Bar Rise Turn the ba lance wheel until the needle has reached the lowest point of its stroke. unscrew the needle plate. it is advisable to use gauge needle Z 70. the /6.N. gauge onto the needle bar. turn stitch width dial A to "0". 90 needle. loosen the hook set screws just enough to permit the sewing hook to be turned on its shaft.0 mm. pull out the gauge and cautiously turn the balance wheel in sewing direction until the clamp bears against the costing. or a regular No.68-1 . and flick the needle position lever to the central notch. The needle rise gauge may be ordered by No. or 2. Z 70. but the high degree of accuracy required for perfect stitch formation makes it absolutely necessary to use the gauge and clamp made available for this purpose by the factory.''. 81 ). Push the clamp up against the gauge and tighten the clamp screw (Fig.67-1. By the same token. into the needle holder. and a matching clamp by No. 81 & 82 Selling the amount of needle bar rise and-error methods. positioning the latter between the clamp and the bottom of the casting. Pfafl260 Preparatory to timing the sewing hook. This done. insert the Pfaff gauge needle. The advantages inherent in this needle are that it eliminates the size tolerances of ordinary sewing machine needles and will not normally be bent.Figs. from the lowest point of its stroke. When in this position.

turn the sewing hook on its shaft until its point is opposite the center line of the needle. Both hel ical gears on the hook and hook drive shafts are secured in position by a flat spot or a pin. check the position of the upper driving belt sprocket (and of the feed eccentric) in relation to the arm shaft. and double-check to ascertain that the setting is correct. Then remove the clamp and tighten both hook set screws securely. the proper clearance between both parts being . 83 Demounting the motor base plate an Pfaff 360 machines 50 . For this reason. set the hook as close to the needle as p·ossible.oo-4•. At the same time. or 0. 1 Motor 2 = Motor bose plate 3 = Driving belt sprocket 4 = Set screws Radio interference 5 suppression condenser 6 Terminal scre·ws 7 = Driving belt (cord) 8 Grille = = = = Fig.1 mm. lightly tighten whichever hook set screw can be reached most easily. The t iming marks on both the sprocket and the arm shaft must be in alignment. if the sewing hook should be out of time. The Upper Driving Belt Sprocket Retiming the sewing hook normally will not alter the position of the lower driving belt sprocket on its shaft.

proceed as follows: Strip grille 8 (Fig. follow the procedure given for the Pfaff 260 (page 49). that the lower driving belt sprocket is not moved lengthwise of the hook driving shaft. however.1 5 . This makes all ports in the machine bose. cannot be turned in setting the needle bar rise. and lift it out of the machine. Fig. For this reason. It should be kept in mind. lift the motor slightly and pull the sprocket off its shaft. toke care. All dismantled ports are reassembled in reverse order. Disconnect the motor cord from the terminal box and unscrew the cord clip on the machine. Under no circumstances must the position of the upper driving belt sprocket be changed on the arm shaft. If for one reason or another this procedure should prove impractical. For a better view of the ports to be adjusted. to time the sewing hook. that the sewing hook of the Pfaff 360 is mounted permanently on the short transverse shaft and.Pfaff360 The sewing hook of the Pfaff 360 is timed in the same way as the Pfaff 260 hook. tilt the machine back. it would disturb the balance of this shaft. however. unscrew motor base plate 2. 84 . To facilitate the mounting of the motor base plate. 83). When making this adjustment. It is a dvisable to loosen the set screws on this sprocket just sufficiently to permit the hook driving shaft to be rotated while the sprocket remains stationary.. 83). Cautiously tilt the machine back. There is no need to adjust the clearance between the sewing hook and the needle because this d istance does not change. loosen the lower driving belt sprocket and rotate the long hook drive shaft accordingly. including the lower driving belt sprocket. pulling it slightly to the left. and loosen the set screw on driving belt sprocket 3 a few turns. easy of access. loosen motor set screws 4. connecting the motor lost. Needle Bar Rise To adjust the needle bar rise. hence. remove grille 8 (Fig. The set screws on the lower driving belt sprocket con be reached through one of the apertures at the bock of the machine base. Although this procedure would be much simpler. resting it on o felt pad to p(event the occurrence of scratches.

between its tip and the bottom of the position slot (Fig. Insert and tighten the hook set screw. Important If the position finger does not project into the slot far e nough. Replace and screw down the position finger bracket. Next. 85 Dismantl ing the Pfaff 360 sewing hook and its shaft o = Set screw b = Hook shaft bush ing c . or 0.004". 86). pass a screwdriver through the aperture at the back of the cylinder arm. remove the position finger bracket. 85). Unhindered passage of the needle thread loop through the clearance gap greatly depends on the position of the bobbin case position finger in the position slot of the bobbin case base. turning it counter-clockwise. and take out screw a (Fig. conversely.d f g = = Hook shaft helical gear Spacing washer Hook 'thrl!!od gunrd e = = Sewing hook = Gu ide bushing When inserting the new hook. hold the balance wheel. Fig. or 0. Turn the screwdriver clockwise because this screw has left-hand thread. add or remove an appropriate number of spacing washers until the correct clearance has been obtained. take care that the clearance between the hook point and the needle does not exceed . To set the needle bar rise.Exchanging the Sewing Hook in the Pfaff 360 If it should become necessary to replace a dama~ed sewing hook. The Position Finger Bracket After adjusting the clearance between hook point and needle on Pfaff machines 260 and 360. Make sure though that you remember the position of the sewing hook in the machine. This finger is positioned correctly if there is a clearance of about 1/n".1 mm. and cautiously pull the hook with the hook shaft out of the machine. And. the needle thread will jam and break. the bobbin case will not be held in place securely. if the position finger bears against the bottom of the slot. If adjustment is required. Replace the hook in exactly the same position which was occupied by the damaged hook before. To adjust 52 . follow the procedure outlined on page 49. it is absolutely necessary to recheck the position of the position finger bracket.7 mm.

87). Push the p osition finger bracket forward until it touches the gauge just lightly. 86 Ad justing the position finger bro cke t Fig . remove both the needle plate and the face cover. Th e gauge must neither jam nor have excessive play in the slot. above the top of the need le eye. loosen needle bar set screw A (Fig. use gauge 8951-100 (Fig. 88). If the procedure is reversed. tighten the needle bar set screw securely. as may be required. or 0. then tighten the set screw. 87 Pos ition finger gouge SeHing the N eedle Bar at Correct Height It is advisable to set the needle bar at the correct height only after the z igzag mechanism and the sewing hook have been adjusted.02". that the needle bar is not rotated in the process. Adjusting the Feed Dog in the Feed Slot Lateral Adjustment The feed rows should be positio ned in the center of the feed slots and must not chafe against the side walls. 90 needle. put the needle position lever in the central notch. pass a screwdriver throug h the aperture in the needle bar frame. and set the needle bar higher or lower. however.the position finger accurately. loosen the set screw in the position finger bracket. ond insert a No. The needle bar is set at the correct height if the hook point is about . Make sure. To adjust.5 mm. Set the machine for the widest zigzag stitch. 88). To set the needle . it may be impossible to trace an adjustment error made previously. and insert the narrow tip of the gouge between the position flnger and the bottom of the position slot.bar at the correct height. as instructed above. and rotate the balance wheel until the point of the sewing hook is exactly opposite the center line of the needle when the latter descends on the left of its throw (Fig. Fig. After this a djustment. 53 .

take care that the center screws do not turn likewise which may result in jam= ming the feed bar. Loosen the binding screw on the feed rock shaft crank. correct this condition as follows: On Pfaff 260 machines. 89 Adjusting the feed dog in the feed slots Lengthwise Adjustment Set the machine for the longest forward stitch. 2 Fig. 89-1. 88 Setting the needle bar of correct height To remedy this condition on Pfaff 360 machines. loosen the two feed dog set screws and adjust. and turn the crank on the shaft so that the central 54 . Fig. adjust the position of its rear crank to bring it in line with the feed forked connection and eliminate binding as well as excessive noise. Before you tighten the set screws again.If they are positioned as shown in Fig. When you retighten the jam nuts after the adjustment. If the feed rows are centered improperly and chafe against one side of the feed slots (Fig. loosen the set screws on the feed rock shaft centers. 90) and turn the two center screws 2 to adjust the lateral position of the feed dog. check to make sure that the Aot spots on the centers face toward the set screws and that the feed rock shaft has sufficient end ploy to ensure proper lubrication. the feed bar rather than the entire feed rock shaft has to be adjusted. Make sure the feed bar has 1 sufficient play between the centers 3 to ensure proper lubrication. remove the needle plote. and top against the shaft with the screwdriver handle until the feed dog is correctly centered in the feed slots. hold the center screws in the correct position while you tighten the jam nuts. as appropriate. 89-3). To avoid this. If the feed rock shaft has been moved too much in the process. loosen jam nuts 1 (Fig. To do this.

feed row will rise as close to the near end of the feed slot as possible. high and has a recess 1 /32~.101-4 discussed in the chapter "Timing the Sewing Hook". This gauge is about 9/32-. deep on its. and screw on the gouge foot. Fig. or 7mm. underside. raise the presser bar. 55 . . This foot ensures that all sewing feet and attachments will be oriented properly in relation to the centered needle. To orient the presser bar in relation to· the needle. The depth of this recess corresponds to the distance the feed teeth should have risen above the needle plate when the feed dog is at its highest position. it may be attached to the presser bar for the purpose of setting the Iotter at the correct height. use gauge foot 44088-103. orl. .101-4. put the needle position lever in the central notch. turn dial A to "0". Since the gouge foot is as high as any other sewing foot. 90 Adjusting the feed bar on tne Pfaff 360 2 Setting the Presser Bar and the Feed Dog at Correct Height Use gouge 8760-104 to set both the presser bar and the feed dog at the correct height. The height of the gouge corresponds to the correct clearance between needle plate and presser foot when the Iotter is at its raised position. insert gouge needle Z 70. Setting the presser bar and the feed dog at correct height The adjustment is mode as follows: Unscrew the face cover. It should be used in conjunction with gouge needle Z 70. 89-2). Also make sure that the feed dog will strike neither end of the feed slots when set for the longest forward or backward stitch (Fig.Omm.

To replace the stitch length regulator mechanism in the machine. loosen the set screw in the presser bar guide collar. Tilt the machine back. can be placed between the gauge foot and the needle plate. In addition. tighten the set screw in the presser bar guide collar for good. Check to see that the thick top portion of the gauge needle shaft passes through the needle hole in the gauge foot. 92 Dismantling. To get at the feed lifting shaft front crank. and push up the presser bar slightly so that gauge 8760-104. and turn the balance wheel to bring the feed dog to its highest position. Fig. Replacing and Adjusting the Stitch Length Control Disconnect the tension spring (106123) from the feed regulator {106120). and cautiously lower the needle bar.Loosen the set screw in the presser bar guide collar (Fig. In order to adjust the lateral position of the presser foot. Now lower the presser bar until the gauge foot touches the surface of the gauge just lightly (Fig. This spring is located underneath the bobbin winder. lower the presser bar lifter so that the gauge is held in place by the gauge foot. without being deflected. If adjustment is required. raise the presser bar. remove the needle plate. it is desirable to set the gauge foot so that its left edge runs parallel to the edge of the feed slot. the height of the feed dog is adjusted in the same manner. 92). 91). After the adjustment. With Pfaff 360 machines. Now check whether the feed teeth corntact the underside of the recessed portion of the gauge. and tighten the set screw in the presser bar guide collar. loosen the binding screw and slightly raise or lower the feed lifting shaft front crank. reverse the above procedure. and tighten the binding screw. This is the most important requirement that has to be met in adjusting the lateral position of the presser foot. recess down. Pull out the stitch length regulator mechanism and disconnect the feed regulator connection (l 06618). loosen sufficiently the set screw (1325) of the stitch length regulator mechanism (106198) which can be reached from the underside of the bedplate. Set stitch length dial F on "4" and depress finger-tip control H {Fig. 18-2). Adjustment is performed as follows: 56 . remove the gauge. Return the machine to its normal position.

and. the bobbin winder frame has been reinforced so that it will not normally be bent out of shape. the spindle has been bent to the right.Set stitch length dial G on "0" and run the machine. After this adjustment has been performed. 93 Adjusting the bobbin winder Adjusting the Bobbin W inder Each bobbin winder is adjusted and tested at the factory with utmost accuracy in order to ensure even bobbin winding. rotate the stitch length regulator mechanism to the right or left. this may be an indication that force was applied in removing or replacing the top cover. conversely. If adjustment is required. Check to see tha t the feed dog moves up and down. Fig. Adjustment of the stitch length regulator mechanism is greatly facilitated by wrench No. if thread piles up at the bottom end. but does not move bock and forth. If thread should pile up at one end of the bobbin. On recent machines. Excessive pressure exerted on the balance wheel by the bobbin winder pulley will result in heavy working of the machine and premature wear of the rubber ring. 106300-304 which can be obtained from Pfaff a t extra cost. straighten the bobbin winder frame. as appropriate. Do not forget to tighten the set screw securely which holds the mechanism in place. the lateral position of the bobbin winder is adjusted in relation to the balance wheel. the spindle has been bent to the left. 57 . If thread piles up at the top end. To remedy this condition. As a result. loosen set screw a in the bobbin winder frame base (Fig. the bobbin winder frame may have been bent out of shape and t:he bobbin w inder spindle may be no longer in o vertical position. To do this. 93) and move the Iotter over to the balance wheel until the rubber ring on the winder pulley just contacts the inner surface of the balance wheel and is driven securely when the bobbin winder is engaged.

insert o No. above the bottom of its stroke and loosening screw B (Fig. follow the instructions given on page 39. Adjust the position of the stop. 88). between the lower end of the threader bar frame and the lower bearing of the threader bar (Fig.5 mm. 95 while you attach and adjust the threader head.. 58 .. as appropriate. Again bring the needle bar to its highest point. or 0. To perform this setting c:orrectly1 keep the threader bar at its lower position by the spring shown in Fig.0 mm.~ . 94). if these conditions ore met. 94 Setting the needle threoder To replace the face cover. To do this. and tighten screw B securely. remove the face cover and bring the needle bar to its highest position. and that there is a clearance of about .. . Fig.SeHing the Needle Threader Begin by establishing the correct vertical position of the stop (105361) on the needle bar.. or 2. Adjustment con be mode by setting the needle bars. Then move the threader bar frame all the way down and check to see that the pin (1897) rides in the oblique slot in the threader bar frame from one end to the other. 70 needle. which con be reached through the elongated hole in the needle bar frame.02. The stop is at the correct height. and proceed to adjust the threader head (105354).

If prong W is not positioned correctly. 95 Retaining spring keeps threader lever at its lower position Fig. After the adjustment. 96}. loosen the set scr. Place the threader head on the threader bar and turn it toward the needle so that prong W will pass freely through the needle eye. tighten the set screw securely.ew (1149) on the threader head and turn the prong to the right or left until its tip posses through the needle eye without deflecting the needle. Prong W should pass through the needle eye as close to its top as possible. regardless of the needle size.Fig. while the distance from the top of the needle eye to the end of the needle shank remains the same. Fig. The reason for this is that the needle eye grows larger toward the needle point as the needle size increases. 97 The heart of the Automaticthe com assembly 59 . 96 Needle threader prong W The most important adjustment is that of the threader prong height. Also make sure prong W protrudes sufficiently from the needle eye to permit secure plocement of the thread behind the prong (Fig.

Push tension d!iscs C and D as well as spring assembly E on tension stud F. as may be required. Then cautiously lift loop b of the thread check spring aver the small finger in the tension barrel. After the adjustment.Tens ion barrel B Thread check spring . Tighten set screw a securely. Loosen the set screw (701316) in the tension barrel. If you now turn the tension dial so that the red tip is opposite "3" and "4". so that spring assembly E. 98) sufficiently to permit the removal of tension barrel A. remove the top cover. and that the bent end of thread check spring 8 enters the appropriate slot in the tension barrel. Pull a No.Tension dial A . tighten the set screw securely again. making sure that the spring assembly is positioned on the stud next to the tension dial. tension discs C and D. and replace the complete thread tension assembly. and turn thread check spring regulator c to the left. 98 Component ports of the needle thread tension 0 Set screw b . Screw tension dial M onto tension stud F just a few turns. Turn tension dial M so that the red tip of the tension barrel is positioned between "0'' and "1" on tension dial M. the tension must be normal. and screw tension stud F out of tension dial M. Toke care that the position of tension dial M is not changed in the process. lower the presser bar lifter. Replace the broken thread check spring by a new one. 60 .Fig. making sure that the red mark points up.Tension discs 0 . as well as thread check spring 8 can be withdrawn. and turn tension stud F far enough into terision dial M to produce a light tension on the thread. To tension the thread check spring.Central tension disc c Changing the Thread Check Spring To replace a broken thread check spring.Thread check spring loop c = Thread check spring regulator E Tens ion spring. loosen set screw a (Fig. 30 thread between the tension discs. and pull the latter out of the machine. Tighten the tension stud set screw again. loosen the set screw in the slot next to the red mark. Insert tension release pin G. with spring assembly F Tension stud G Tension release plunger M .

e . and strip the presser bar assembly. Knock the pin out of the balance wheel bushing and pull the bushing off the arm shaft. without applying force. Pull the arm shaft to the righ t until its left end is in line with the upper driving belt sprocket. upper driving belt sprocket. and feed eccentric. Knock the pin out of the needle bar crank and pull this crank off the arm shaft. and change the cord belt. f. 99): a . Take out the eccentric stud connecting the needle bar frame pitman to the needle bar frame. c. To assemble. until its right end is in line with the upper driving belt sprocket. Strip the remari ning front parts. In this case. d. such as the toke-up lever. b. the needle bar crank remains pinned on the arm shaft. c. Having completed the preparations mentioned in par. e .Changing the Cord Belt 1. Remove the face and top covers. on machines with pinned balance wheel bushing: a . on machinos with pinned arm shaft bU1ihing (Fig. Take care that all ports are replaced in line with the appropriate timing marks. i. toward the needle-bar end of the machine. To assemble. Replace the old cord belt by a new one. 2. b. reverse the above procedure. the arm shaft bevel gear. Fig. and swing the latter up. 99 Removing the bola nee wheel 61 . Take care that all parts are replaced in line with the appropriate timing marks. 1 above. the arm shaft is pulled forward. proceed in the reverse order. loosen the sef screws in the driving eccentric for the automatic embroidery mechanism.

101 Stitch width control of the Pfoff 260 (360) (present model) Fig. 100 Stitch width knob of the Pfaff 230 (332) (previous mode l) Fig.Fig. 102 Stripping the automatic embroidery mechanism 62 .

or from straight to zigzag stitching. assembly and adjustment procedures than where required for the previous models. Striking features of these mechanisms are: (1) the enclosed design of the housing. and (3) the finger-tip control permitting instantaneous changing over from forward to backward.Regulating screw 3 = Needle position cam finger Connecting crank for zig4 zag and straight stitch 5 = Cam fi nger 6 = Needle position cam 7 . on the other hand.Cam finger 2 . the components of the stitch length and stitch width controls ore pre-assembled and inserted in a housing. In assembling the machine at the factory. This unit is then inserted in the machine arm or the arm standard. 63 . because the proper functioning of the machine depends on its correct setting.1 1 . The redesigned controls incorporated in the new machines nec·essitate different disassembly. and vice versa. or barrel. and the former Pfaff 230 and 332 (230-269 ond 332-260}. Needless to soy that all these jobs must be carried out most conscientiously and accurately . lies in the redesigned stitch length and stitch width controls with which the new machines are equipped. 103 Zigzag regulator mechanism of the pfaff 260 (360) Assembling and Adjusting the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism The main difference between Pfaff machines 260 and 360 (260-261 and 360-261}. (2) the precision adjustment of stitch length and stitch width.Needle position lever 12 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 = 15 Zigzag dial Zigzag finger-tip control Barrel Zigzag com Zigzag regulator stud Regulating screw Zigzag regulator arm Zigzag regulator crank with connecting rod Fig. on the one hand.

64 . turn the barrel slightly to the right. Pull out the eccentric stud of rear engaging lever d l. Set stitch width dial A on "0". without applying force. If desired. 101) embraces the stitch width regulating mechanism in the machine arm and the stitch width control on the outside of the machine arm. 102) on the zigzag regulator barrel which con be reached from above. shove the stitch width regulating mechanism in the arm to the left. this must be stripped before the zigzag regulator mechanism can be removed from the machine. proceed as follows: Disconnect tension spring m (Fig. and unscrew pressure spring assembly o. and needle position lever B. simply proceed in reversed sequence (see also page 71 ). To replace the automatic embroidery mechanism. 51) from the zigzag regulator arm (1 06178). Dismantling the Stitch Width Control Turn stitch width dial A to "0". and loosen the set screws on the three engaging lever eccentric studs. zigzag regulator crank 15 with connecting rod. turn out the set screw (b in Fig. set needle position lever Bat its central position. Turn stitch width dial A to "4". and strip engaging levers d 2 and d 3. To do this. it is advisable to make on inconspicuous mark on the machine arm opposite the red mark on the zigzag regulator barreL Stripping the Automatic Mechanism If the machine is equipped with on automatic embroidery mechanism. This tool serves to facilitate the turning and removing of the barreL The Stitch Width Regulating Mechanism in the Machine Arm The stitch width regulating mechanism in the machine arm essentially comprises the following components: Zigzag regulator arm 14 (Fig. Toke out the screws in the bose. push up finger-tip control F. 106300-303 con be supplied by Pfaff at extra cost.The Zigzag Regulator Mechanism The zigzag regulator mechanism (Fig. and hinge stud (106179). and pull it out cautiously. 103) with zigzag regulator stud 12. without applying force. Before you strip the stitch width control. zigzag finger-tip control F. and lift the automatic embroidery mechanism out. The stitch width control comprises stitch width dial A. tool No.

Shove the stitch width regulating mechanism in the mach ine arm to the left. proceed in reversed sequence. and remove the sti tch width regulating mechanism as o unit. remove slip washer o (Fig. Insert the barrel into the machine arm cautiously. loosen hinge stud set screw band press the hinge stud out. and check to see that stitch width dial A as well as levers Band F turn smoothly (Fig. Put o few drops of oil on the barrel. 102) from the hinge stud (with the aid of circlip pi iers).To strip the mechanism. 104 & 105 Zeroing and centering the need le The Stitch Width Control Push the tension spring connected to com finger 1 (Fig. proceed as follows: Disconnect both tension springs {106134 and 106172). then to the left. 103) through the rou nd aperture in the front wall of the machine arm and attach it to the spring suspension brocket {106169). Cautiously tighten the set screw on the barrel. Figs . Turn stitch width dial A until "0" is opposite the red mark on the barrel. To replace the component ports in the stitch width regulating mechanism. Rotate the barrel until the red mark on its rim is in line with fhe mark made on the machine arm beforehand. and put needle position lever B in the central notch. 101 ). turning it slightly to the right. 65 . without applying force .

The sideways movement of the connecting rod (105193) must not begin until stitch width dial A has been turned clockwise by three or four knurls.Do not apply force in replacing the barrel as this might cause bending of t. The same trouble is likely to occur if the barrel is pushed in. turn the zigzag regulator barrel until a. the connecting rod should move likewise. or stands out. b. turn stitch width dial A to "0". respectively. in turn. 93). the barrel must be pushed into the machine arm until the set screw enters the small groove in its rim. 66 .he com fingers in the stitch width regulating mechanism which. correct the position of the barrel in the machine arm. also check to see that a. the rounded tip of the needle position com finger should be located in the middle of the respective section of the needle position com. Then tighten the set screw securely. If stitch width dial A should turn heavily on older machines. 51) posses to the right o·f the hinge stud located above it. needle position lever B points downward when set at its central position. on recent machines. on imaginary line drawn through the red mark h on the barrel (Fig. To double-check this setting. As you depress finger-tip control F. Replace the second tension spring (b in Fig. loosen the set screw and either push in or pull out the barrel slightly. If these conditions ore not met. and b. the lobe of eccentric stud B (Fig. While on previous machines. If no mark has been mode on the machine arm beforehand. slightly move the needle position lever to the right and left of its central position and check to see that the zigzag regulator arm does not vibrate. In all three needle positions. it must be pushed in as for as it will go. Repeat this check with the needle position lever set at its left and right positions. might cause hard working of this mechanism. 106) points toward the balance wheel and the needle bar frame pitman is at its extreme right-hand position. needle position lever B points downward when set at its central position. too for. Adjusting the Stitch Width Control (See also page 88) To check the correct position of the zigzag regulator barrel in the machine arm. After the above-mentioned adjustment has been mode.

itches into the same spot twice. Using Finger-Tip Control F Insert a new No. If flne adjustment is required. the clearance at f (Fig. as appropriate (see also the second paragraph on page 48). Turn the balance wheel forward. Zeroing the Needle for Straight Stitching While at the factory this adjustment is performed with the aid of a dial gauge. or 4 mm. the descending needle should cease vibrating when its point has reached o position about sla2" to 1/•". 67 . Fine Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch With the machine set for the widest stitch width. turn the bevel gear on the arm shaft. 104) is 5/32".c. above the needle plate. Important The needle of a z igzag sewing machine must not make any sideways motion when it is down in the goods. Now mesh both bevel gears so tha t they rotate smoothly without having any play. and let the needle stitch into the cardboard lightly. As you make this adjustment. 80 needle. or 4 to 6 mm. Rough Adjustment of Zigzag Stitch Turn the needle bar crank until its lobe points upward. Place a p iece of white cardboard between the needle plate and the sewing foot. and drop the feed dog. the lobe of eccentric stud A in the needle bar frame (Fig. take core that you do not disturb the correct meshing of the bevel gears and that you preserve the correct amount of ploy. and push finger-tip control F up. The needle is zeroed correctly if it st. attach the buttonhole foot. Rotate the needle vibrating eccentric bevel gear and the feed eccentric so that their timing marks are at the top. then backward. and d. without being deflected. 107) points upword. Now turn stitch width dial A to "4". set needle position lever Bat its central position. our service personnel in the fleld should best follow the procedure outlined below: a.

b. repeat the above-mentioned cardboard test. respectively. Adjustment is performed by turning regulating screw e on the needle position com finger (Fig. run the machine and touch the needle bar frame with your fingers to determine whether it swings sideways or not. turn regulating screw d in or out. After the adjustment.If adjustment is required. as may be requ ired to meet the above condit. If no dial gauge is available. and check to see that the needle makes no sideways motion.ions. flick the needle position lever to the left and right positions. as may be required to eliminate any sideways motion of the needle. With the machine set as indicated above. Adjust wh ile the machine is runnmg. '104) and hexagon screw c on the needle position cam finger. 104) in or out. and only then. as may be required to eliminate any sideways motion of the needle. the position of needle position cam finger 3 (Fig. Using Stitch Width Dial A Turn stitch width dial A to "0" and put needle position lever B in the central notch. •) Or turn stitch width dial A Ia ·o· and depress finger-tip control F. Special core must be taiken in adjusting the needle at its left position because this needle position is used for buttonhole sewing. Loosen both the lock nut on regulating screw d (Fig. and that it stitches into the same spot. To double-check this setting. loosen binding screw a on the zigzag regulator crank (Fig. If the needle swings sideways. Check to see that the needle makes no perceptible sideways motion when you push up finger-tip control F. the needle bar must not make any sideways motion. Adjusting the Needle Position Turn stitch width dial A to "4" and put needle position lever B in the left notch. make sure you tighten the lock nut on regulating screw d and hexagon screw c securely. regardless whether stitch width dial A is set on "4" or needle position lever B at its right and left positions. To double-check this setting. As you operate finger-tip control F. 103) must be adjusted. respectively. 104) just sufficiently to permit turning zigzag regulator stud b to the right or left with the aid of a small screwdriver. Loosen the lock nut before you make the adjustment and do not forget to tighten it firmly thereafter. 68 . *) Turn the balance wheel until the needle descends on the left of its throw.

b -- --~- '. then backward. 107) to the right or left. turn eccentric stud A in needle bar frame p itman (Fig. :. Centering the Needle Throw in the Needle Plate Slot Set stitch width dial A on "4" ond put needle position lever B in the central notch. on the r ight ond left or i t ~ throw. b. Adjusting the Needle Throw in Relation to the Center Line Set stitch width dial A on "0" and needle position lever B at its central position. 106. the needle must clear both ends of the needle plate slot at the same d istance and must not rub against the needle plate. Check to see that the right and left punctures are equidistant from the central puncture (Fig. To adjust. bottom). as may be require·d to meet th is condition.t i tche~ into the ca rdboorc. Turn stitch width dial A to "4" and turn the balance wheel forward.Centering the Needle in the Needle Plate Slot a . Descending on the right and left of its throw. \ \ \ Figs. until the needle. 106 & 107 Centering the needlle in the needle plate slot (in both d rawings 1he mach ine is pictured as seen from the rear) 69 . Place a piece of cardboard under the needle and turn the balance wheel until the needle stitches into it lightly.l ogoin.

turn eccentric stud A in the needle bar frame pitman (Fig. b. Centering the Needle in the Needle Plate Slot Set stitch width dial A on "0" and needle position lever B at its central position. To adjust. c. After the adjustment has been completed. repeat each check and. Fig. 106) to the right or left. 109 Underside of the automatic embroidery mechanism 70 . Important Since settings a. tighten all set screws securely. readjust.If adjustment is required. as appropriate. turn eccentric stud B (Fig. 107) to the right or left until the above-mentioned condition is met. and c ore correlated. if necessary. Check to see that the needle is correctly centered in the needle plate slot.

110) from the back. and insert the eccentric stud into the lower ho~ of cam tl'nger 34 (Fig. and tighten the set screw. To do this. Adjustments which were covered in greater detail earlier in this manual will in the following be dealt with but briefly. To insert the central engaging lever. Turn the stud so that its lobe is at the top. 80). set stitch width dial A on "0". Mounting the Engaging Levers Begin by mounting the front engaging lever. Driving eccentrics that hove no timing marks ore set as follows: Turn the balance wheel in sewing direction until the ta ke-up lever has passed the highest point of its stroke and descended 5/32N. Insert the eccentric stud into the hole at the top of zigzag regulator arm 32 (Fig. It should be noted that this driving eccentric performs a dual function as on eccentric and a set collar. all sewing troubles which may be caused by errors in installing and adjusting this unit. turn stitch width dial A to "0". turn stitch width dial A to "4" and flick needle position lever 8 to the left notch. The driving eccentric is positioned correctly if its timing mark is in line with. hence. All essential parts are identified by numbers and. 71 . With the arm shaft in this position. con be located easily. it serves to fix the position of the arm shaft lengthwise of the machine arm. right from the beginning. Turn the stud so that its lobe is at the top. Insert the eccentric stud into the upper hole of cam finger 34 (Fig. The various assemblies of the automatic embroidery mechanism are shown in a drawing on page 72. if you hove to adjust the position of the driving eccentric. 110) from the front. Installing the Automatic Mechanism Remove the top cover and check the position of the driving eccentric on the arm shaft. take care that the arm shaft does not hove any end ploy and that the machine does not work heavily. and turn it so that its lobe points upward.Converting a Pfaff 260 (360) into a Pfaff 260-261 (360·261) Both the Pfaff 260 and the Pfaff 360 ore so designed that an automatic embroidery mechanism can be installed at any time. In its Iotter capacity·. The following hints are intended to facilitate the conversion job and should be strictly adhered to in order to eliminate. the timing mark on the arm shaft. Therefore. 11 0). Tighten the set screw securely. To insert the rear engaging lever. This engaging lever controls half the stitch width. Tighten both set screws securely. This engaging lever controls the full stitch width. the lobe of the driving eccentric should point upward (Fig. and tighten the screw. or 4 mm.

110 Components of the outomotic embroidery mechan ism ...... "' 4 41 Fig..

reor section (incorporated as from May 1. front 16 = Bose (incorporated until Apr.Essential Parts of the Pfaff (-261) Automatic (j 1 = Needle position engaging lever 2 = Needle vibration engaging lever. upper 34 = Com finger (upper end} 35 = Eccentric stud boreholes 36 = Arm shaft bevel gear 37 = Stitch width dial (A} 38 = Needle position lever (B) 39 = Zigzag finger-tip control (F) 40 = Base {incorporated as from May 1. rear 14 = Clutch stud. center Eccentric stud. 1960) 22 = Driving roller 23 = Driving lever 24 = Contact finger assembly 25 = Connection. 30. full width 3 = Needle vibration engaging lever. rear section (incorporated until Apr. front 5 = Pressure spring. rear Pressure spring. 30. front 7 = Regulating screw 8 = Pressure spring assembly bracket 9 = Com selector dial (D) 10 = Com assembly 11 = Thumb nut 12 = Oil pod holder 13 = Clutch stud. center 15 = Clutch stud. 1960} 28 = Driving eccentric for automatic mechanism 29 = Needle bar frame pitman 30 = Needle vibrating eccentric bevel gear 31 = Transverse shaft set screw 32 = Zigzag regulator arm 33 = Driving belt sprocket. 30. 1960} 26 = Screw 27 = Connection. 1960) 41 = Disengaging lever . front section (incorporated until Apr. front section (incorporated as from May 1. 1960} 17 = Engaging lever dio I (C) 18 = Engaging lever driver 19 = Connection. center 6 = { Pressure spring. rear 4 = { Eccentric stud. half the width Eccentric stud. 1960} 20 = Ten sian spring 21 = Connection.

Hoving mode sure that the position of the driving eccentric on the arm shaft is correct. ready for instollotion slide c (Fig. 111 AutomoJic embroidery mechanism. 74 . whether the two set screws on the back of dial C are arranged in a horizontal line when this dial is set on "0". It is secured in position by three screws. when you turn stitch width dial A. take the automatic mechanism in your left hand (in the positfion shown in Fig. with the index finger of your left hand. whether the top contact finger of contact finger assembly D (Fig. If the regulating slide is pushed too far to the left. it will strike against the needle bar frame pitman. Make sure tnat disengaging lever e (Fig. Also check a. 111) and. This setting must also be preserved when the dial is replaced by a new one. push against the protruding end of the driving lever which carries the driving roller. without binding. 111) is located below the red mark when dial D is turned so that number 1 is opposite this mark. Push regulating Fig. 109) to the left until nose b of the connecting lever is positioned slightly behind the stop pin on the regulating slide. as shown in Fig. 109) lifts the two forward engaging levers. If adjustment is required. Thus prepared. the automatic embroidery mech·onism can be installed into the machine without any difficulty. 109. loosen the two set screws and adjust the position of the com (50506) on the stud. and b.

Mount the pressure spring assembly bracket on the bose of the automatic embroidery mechanism and screw it down. needle position lever B at its central position. turn the eccentric stud at its right end to the right or left. Adjust as instructed in paragraph 1 above. Then proceed as follows: Screw the three springs to the bracket. and engaging lever dial C on "4". c 2. (This advantage is not yet present in earlier models of the Pfaff 260-261). Rear engaging lever: Set stitch width dial A on "0". The spring pressing on the rear engaging lever (50431) has a slight dent and must be mounted above this lever. needle position lever B at its left position. Central engaging lever: Set stitch width dial A on "0". seizing it by the thumb screw. 11 1). Front engaging lever: Set stitch width dial A on "0"". needle position lever B at its right position. 11 1). Fig. 75 . on the rim of the cam opposite. 1. and engaging lever dial C on "3"'. 2. The improved automatic embroidery mechanism features a disengaging lever (e in Fig. and c 3 (Fig. Adjust as instructed in paragraph 1 above. Check whether the square notch in the engaging lever fits readily over the pin in the clutch stud opposite. If it does not. and engaging lever dial C on "1 ". Adiusting the Engaging levers Set cam selector dial D (Fig. This basic setting is the same for adjusting all three engaging levers. 11 0) two or three turns. 111) and lengthen or shorten the two-port connection slightly. loosen screws 1 and 2 (Fig. turn out regulating screws 7 (Fig. as appropriate. until the fourth contact finger (from the bottom) is opposite the recess. o r lowest point.Mounting the Pressure Spring Assembly To facilitate mounting the pressure springs on the bracket. Then t ighten the set screw on the eccentric stud securely. 109) and a cam stud with three cams (located to the rear of engaging lever dial C. Turn regulating screws 7 so for in or out that the springs exert just enough pressure to cause the engaging levers to slide down securely over the pins in clutch studs c 1.. an engaging lever cannot be brought to fit over the pin in the clutch stud opposite by turning its eccentric stud. It is so designed that the controls will not jam if they are set in a sequence other than the one given on the design selector wheel. If. in rare instances. 3. 111) on "4" and turn the com assembly clockwise.

and whether it will clear e ither end of the slot when set for its widest bight. if necessary. 90) needle is still correctly centered in the needle plate slot. adjust as instructed on page 69. Soak this pad with oil. loosen the set screw on the driving crank (50558) and turn the crank on the stud of the pattern length regulating crank (50561 ). 112). 110) on the base so that the oil pad which lubricates the pattern cams clears these cams with a springing distance. Turn the balance wl\eel in order to check whether the (No. and that pattern length lever E (Fig. 76 . If the needle has to be recentered in the needle plate slot. Furthermore. as may be required. 113) and dial C on "0". This adjustment may also become necessary in order to bring the position of the pattern length lever in line with the numbers on its scale. If the position of pattern length lever E needs adjustment. squirt oil freely into all oilholes marked red or otherwtse. After all machine settings have been checked and. toke core that the top cover is replaced perpendicularly from above. To ensure that the pattern length regulating crank (50561) enters the regulating slide (50368) smoothly. 112 Asymmetric embroidery design caused by malodjustment of the auto· malic embroidery mechanism Mount oil pad holder 12 (Fig. replace the top cover on the machine by the special top cover which is supplied with the automatic embroidery mechanism. adjusted. Checking the Needle Position in Relation to the Needle Plate Slot Disengage the automatic embroidery mechanism by setting lever E (Fig. there is a possibility that the spacing between the central and outer positions of the needle in the needle plate slot may hove changed so that the embroidery design produced lacks symmetry (Fig. Turn stitch width dial A to "0" and put needle position lever B in the central notch. Fig. To remedy this condition.Replacing the Top Cover When converting a Pfaff 260 or 360 into an Automatic. proceed as instructed on page 69. 113) is set between "5" and "7".

The zigzag regulator stud or the zigzag regulator arm turns heavily because it does not have sufficient ploy. Type of Trouble Patterns which ore sewn with C at "4" and lever B in the central notch lock symmetry. switches from wide zigzag to straight stitching without any difficulty. Adjust the position of the zigzag regulator stud or t~e zigzag regulator arm to ensure sufficient ploy. Checking the Operation of the Engaging levers Turn engaging lever dial C to the positions given below. ore sewn with D at 7. Adjust the pressure exerted by the springs as instructed in "Mo·unting the Pressure Spring Assembly" on page 75. 2. and sew the eight basic embroidery designs that can be produced in this way. C at 3. and check whether the engaging lever or levers indicated ore properly engaged in the respective clutch studs: 1 2 4 5 central engaging lever central and rear engaging levers front engaging lever front and rear engaging levers Eliminating Troubles in Automatic Sewing Type of Trouble Patterns which. switch com selector dial D to each of its eight positions in succession. 3. set pattern length lever Eon "3" and stitch width dial A on "0". run the machine very slowly. The automatic embroidery mechanism works satisfactorily if the machine. Cause 1. while sewing on embroidery design. for example.Testing the Performance of the Automatic Mechanism Engage the automatic embroidery mechanism. improper handling or other causes which hove disturbed the correct stitch width setting. and put needle position lever B in the left notch. The automatic embroidery mechanism locks oil. The pressure springs exert excessive pressure on the engaging levers and thereby retard the return of the controls to their respective starting positions. To check the operation of the automatic embroidery mechanism. and lever B in the left notch lode uniformity. Remedy 1. E at 1. Couse This condition may be attributed to maladjustment. n . Oil the automatic mechanism. 2. 3.

Remedy Increase the spring pressure by turning the regulating screws inwardly. Type of Trouble The patterns ore incomplete . Fig.Remedy Check and adjust the stitch width setting as instructed on pages 67-69. 113 Controls of the Pfaff 260-261 Automatic 78 .or irregular. Cause Presumably the engaging levers hove not enough ploy or the pressure exerted by the springs is insufficient to make them snap into the clutch studs properly. as may be required.

Remove cover 4 of the terminal box located beside the sewing hook (Fig. Connect the short end of the motor cord to terminal 2. place the machine in a universally adjustable mounting stand and turn it upside down. insert and tighten screw B. 115). 4. 114. as shown in Fig.Installing a PE 260 or 261 Motor into the Pfaff 260 (-261) The motor is screwed to the underside of the bed plate of the machine. Then proceed as follows: 1. 115). the long end to terminal 1. loosen hexagon screw h (Fig. Secure the cable sheath in position by the clip held in place by screw 3. Turn screw A partway in. and place it on the bottom of the bedplate so that both screwhol·e s in the motor bracket line up with tine corresponding holes in the bedplate (see arrows in Fig. 115 Installing ond adjusting the Pfaff PE 260 (261) motor 79 . 2 . Turn the motor so that its driving belt sprocket is at the balancewheel-end of the machine. 114 3. 114). 5. Fig. Fig. 118) and return the machine to its normal position in the mounting stand. Replace and screw down the terminal box cover. then tighten screw A for good (Fig. To install the motor in the machine.

and mount the motor belt on the balance wheel sprocket. unscrew stop motion knob b by turning it counter-clockwise. Fig. and check whether the driving belt sprocket remains stationary when you turn the balance wheel. remove friction washer c. set the balance wheel for foot drive. Push power-drive balance wheel f on the arm shaft bushing. the motor shaft can be tilted toward the bedplate so that the lower end of the cord belt can be slipped onto sprocket g. Make sure the cord belt is not tensioned too much as this would cause binding. Turn motor belt e so that the clip openings face out. push it over the arm shaft bushing and through the aperture into the arm standard (Fig. Since hexagon screw h (Fig. 118 80 . If the free-wheeling device should not hove disengaged the motor belt sprocket. 117 fig. take out · stop screw a (Fig. 118) is loose. Turn the balance wheel to see if all parts work properly. 116 Removing the balance wheel 8. If the machine is equipped with a balance wheel with free-wheeling device. 7. Hold the motor shaft in this position and tighten hexagon screw h. Replace parts a-<: in reverse order to secure the balance wheel in position. and pull balance wheel d off the arm shaft bushing. which can be used for both foot and power drive. 10. hold the cord belt briefly when you start treadling. Tilt the sprocket-end of the motor shaft away from the bedplate until the cord belt is tensioned slightly. 117).6. 9. Fig. 116). To strip the foot-drive balance wheel.

use System 130 B needles. Select correct needle from Needle and Thread Chart on page 18. Machine threaded improperly. 2. Wrong needle. Poor or knoHy thread used. Needle Thread Breaks Cause: The above mentioned may cause th read breakage. Clean and oil hook raceway as instructed on page 41 or 84. Trouble Shooting 1. Needle too fine or too thick for the thread. and for needle gouges exceeding 3/32". and flat side of shank away from you. Insert new needle. The correct needle system is 130 R. 81 . above. Hook raceway is iommed with thread or needs oiling. Needle bent. Remove the balance wheel as instructed in paragraph 6 in the preceding chapter. For two-needle sewing jobs up to 3/32" needle gauge. Remedy: Push needle up as for as it will go and be sure that the long groove faces toward you. til t the sprocket-end of the motor shaft toward the bedplate. Use good-quality threads only. Burrs or sharp edges on needle plate slot. Adjust tensions as instrructed on page 15. Polish needle plate slot with fine emery twine. and exchange the old for a new driving belt. System 130 R needles. follow the procedure outlined in paragraphs 7 through 9 in the preceding chapter. Check and correct threading as instructed on page 19. Thread tension too tig ht.Changing the Motor Belt Loosen hexagon screw h on the motor bracket (Fig. Machine Skips Stitches Couse: Needle incorrectly inserted. and pull the motor belt off the sprocket. To mount the driving belt. 118). Remedy: See remedies listed under 1.

Raise presser bar lifter and remove thread. 5. does not rise up enough above needle plate level.y: Set feed dog higher.3. Accumulations of lint packed between feed teeth. Needle Breaks Couse: Bent needle strikes point of sewing hook. Guide the material lightly. Note Needle and Thread Chart on page 18. Bobbin unevenly wound. Remedy: Adjust tension as instructed on page 15. Push bobbin case until you hear it snap into place. but lead it around thread retainer stud on top cover. Pieces of thread between tension discs. Bobbin case inserted incorrectly. 82 . 4. Don't run thread over finger when winding the bobbin. Use only first-rate thread. Fabric pulls needle so it bends and strikes needle plate. knotty or hard. Needle too thin or thread too heavy. Thread too heavy. Machine Feeds Improperly Couse: Feed dog set too low.the correct size for the needle and fabric. Don't force· the feeding motion. the advancing feed dog should show a full tooth above the needle plate. Faulty Stitch Formation Couse: Improper tension. Remedy: Replace needle at once to prevent further damage. Rem ed. Take off needle plate and remove lint with a stiff brush. When set correctly.

Punch holes into belt from grain side). Hook raceway locks oil or ts obstructed by pieces of thread. Components of the Pfaff sewing hook e 119 120 c 121 h 122 b 123 g a b c d e = Position slot = Bobbin case bose =Bobbin Bobbin case latch = Bobbin case cap f = Sewing hook Hook point g h = Hook thread guard = = 83 . Use only pfaff sewing machine oil never salad oil or glycerine. Note illustrations on pages 40 and 41. or has shrunk and causes excessive pressure on bearings. Stop bobbin winder. Mechanism clogged by inferior oil.6. Remedy: Shorten belt or insert a piece of belting to lengthen it {cut ends of belt on the straight and abut. Clean and o il hook raceway. Bobbin winder working while sewing {when o bobbin is not being filled). Machine Works Heavily Cause: Motor belt is too loose and slips.

129. Hold thread guard b so that its opening faces the position finger and its two slots ore opposite guide pins Ct and c2. 4. Replace and tighten locking screw a securely. 128 Fig. in the position shown in Fig. 127. Take out locking screw a. turning it slightly around position finger f. lift the bobbin case base and tip it out. Turn the balance wheel cautiously until the hook is in the position marked by Bin Fig. Fig. 6. 127. as slhown in Fig. Fig. l ift thread guard b and take it out. Replace bobbin case base d in the hook. Turn thread guard b clockwise as far as it will go. Replace thread guard b on the sewing hook and press it down until its crown at the right lies on bobbin case base d. 125 3. 127 Cz 1. Hold the balance wheel steady and turn thread guard b on the sewing hook clockwise until it is stopped by guide pins c 1 and c2. 129 3. Turn the balance wheel until the point of th read guard b is in the position marked by A in Fig. Fig. Remove bobbin case and bobbin. Fig. Push your thumb nail under the rim of bobbin case base d at C.Dismantling the Pfaff Hook Fig. guide pins Ct and c2 will enter the slots in thread guard b. In this phose. 126. 2. 127 d Fig. 129 . 2. 125. 128 Fig. Reassembling the Pfaff Hook Fig. 125 l. 4. Turn the balance wheel cautiously until the hook point is in the position marked by A in Fig. 126 5. 126 Fig.

Works of the Pfaff 260-261 2 = Need le bor crank (driving needle bar and toke-up mechan isms) 3 = Need le bar connecting link 4 = Needle bar frame 5 = Threader bar 6 = Needle bar 7 = Needle holder 8 Presser foot 1 = Pressvr. front Hook drive shaft Feed lifting shaft Fig. 130 Needle plate omitted to afford better view 18 = 19 . rear Drop feed knob Feed lifting connection Feed forked connection Reverse feed control H Siitch length d io l G Feed regulator Zigzag finger-tip control F Balance wheel Bobbin winder thumb lever Bobbi n winder spindle Engaging lever dial C Pattern length lever E 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 = ·cam selector dial D = Tension dial M = Feed dog = Com assembly = Toke·up lever = Drivinq eccentric for automo·tic = Feed rock shaft = Driving belt (cord) embro•dery mechanism = Arm shaft = Needle bar frame pitman = Slllch width dial A = ZilJzag regulator stud = Need le position lever B 85 .= 20 = 21 = 22 = 23 24 = 25 = 26 = 27 = 28 = 29 = 30 = 31 = 32 = = Drop feed connecting rod Drivin!l belt sprocket.few = 9 = 10 11 12 = 13 = 14 = 15 = 16 = 17 = = Centerwith shafts 17ease 38 Hook bobbin for and = Hook •hoff with helical gear Hook drive shaft helical gear Bobbin case position finger Feed bar Feed lifting shalt crank. lower Feed l1fting shaft crank.. n:sg\illolinij sc.

1336.1 1 Cowhide leather bog with comportments 1 Water pump pliers No. 9705. When the presser bar lifter is flicked to position I (Fig. it disengages the needle thread tension. A second tool kit with a larger set of tools is available for the repair of industrial sewing machines. long 1 Belt punch. 13/12 mm (' 1 x " tn•) :" 1 Open-end wrench No. 7 oz. If you ore interested in obtaining one of these kit~.5 mm. 11/10 mm ('/u" x " ' •••) 1 Open·end wrench No. thus facilitating the removal of the work from the machine. W/ 1•/oo• x " ' •'. jaw length. bl ode 1 Screwdriver No. w/ 21/•• x •t. 1336. make ·e. 1122.•tu•. When the presser bar lifter is set at position II.. 1 r8 or 9. . w : handle 1 Quick-grip file handle. the presser bar is raised. 131 Two-position presser bar lifter The Pfaff Tool Kit Pfaff has brought out a tool kit containing a complete set of the tools required for the performance of repairs away from the repair shop at the customer's home. ) 1 Box wrench No. 1571. 1336. (5-7 mm) dio.The Two-Position Presser Bar Lifter All Pfaff 260 (360) sewing machines with and without automatic embroidery mechanism ore now equipped with a presser bar lifter which con be flicked to two raised positions. 1336. 2565 l. 15114 mm ("'"" x ' /u") 1 Open-end wrench No. (200 g rams) .52 mm 1 Midget slip-joint pliers No. 131 ). or 32 mm..o•. or 40 x 4. iow openong 1 Screwdriver No. but the needle thread tension is not released. 2•. Tool Set in Tool Kit No. 2565 M. or 160 mm. 1336.elzer·. 4020. 1/to•. for Cl. or 60 x 5 mm.·) · 1 Open-end wrench No. make "Belzer• 1 Vise. w/ scraper 1 Combination pliers No. please request our quotation. or 50 mm. 3639.. make · s~lzer· 1 Open-end wrench No. 716 mm {'! u• x 15/o. 1 Hammer No.·. Fig. make ·seizer•. make •pferd" 1 Midget chisel set No. blade 1 Screwdriver. 2048. This position is ideal for embroidering and darning (with or without foot) and obviates the use of a do rning hook. make ·Belzer· ... 6'. 9/ 8 mm ("'•' x . 9720. make "Belzer· 1 Coble sheath splitting knife No. 138 sewing hook 86 . for round betls. 1'1'.

fine grit.x •t.087" (1. for automatic e mbroidery mecha nism Circlip pliers Needle th reader gouoe •J. long Round-nose pliers. 2471 b/ K 150 1 Sheet finishing cloth No. Insert the zigzag reg ulator barrel in the mach ine a rm so tha t needle position lever B points downward when set a t its central po sition.• x •. 416/u" . 4'/•". or 2.079" ond . 2"{1. or 4 mm. medium fine grit. 1" Oi Istone.4 mm O i fer No. . w/ 5'1 x '!""· •" or 150 x 8 mm. cut 5. blade Precision half-round file..8. 4'1•• x 1/a• . or 120 mm.-. dia. .. plastic. w/ brass end.Flat brush.2 mm) Needle rise gauge. 71/o". or 75 x 1. s•. for a need le rise of .0. or 180 mm. long 1 Gimlet No. 3"1••". or 100 mm. cut 3.-.. 4"h•" x '''· or 125 x 6 mm 1 Round file. 4360. 3 1'/. 132 Pfa ff too l kit Abridged Adjustment Procedure for the Zigzag Regulator Mechanism of Pfaff 260 (360) Machines 1. 2706. 416/ . long 1 Precision needle file . or 140 x 5 mm. 10'/ s" x or 270 mm x 8 mm Gouge. 'Ill" .•. w/ clamp. 2471 b/ 4/C 28 yds emery twine No.8 mm 1 Square fi le. 2.-. 416 /to ".094". 1 Side cutting pliers.6. or 100 mm. 3Uf. cut 3.. or 125 mm 1 Round file 41/t S.063". 87 . long Precisian screwdriver set Need le rise gouge. brass w! reversib le spout O i I can. long Flat-nose pl iers No.·. or 1-40 mm.. o r 100 mm.. 3137. 1550. blade Screwdriver No. 1. 4'1•• x 1/a". long 1 Sheet emery cloth No. or 125 mm. Fig.. for o needle rise of . 30{12 2 Cleaning rags 1 Drift punch. . or 125 mm 1 Scriber.•.071 ". 1424.0 ond 2. long 1 Oilstone. 1424. make "Belzeru O i fer No. small 2 Metal boxes for spare ports 1 Screwdriver No. or 110 x 3 mm 1 Triangular scraper. or 110 x 3 mm 1 Flat fi le 4'1• S. w/ 5•t.

then to "0". adjust zigzag regulator stud b so that the needle bar makes no vibrating motion. Turn eccentric stud A in the needle bar frame pitman (Fig. 13. Double-check the position of the needle and of the needle throw in relation to the needle plate slot and. 16. 3. Put needle position lever B in the central notch. repeat the adjustments discussed in paragraphs 15 and 16 above. 104) and the lock nut on regulating screw d. Depress zigzag finger-tip control F repeatedly to check whether the needle does not vibrate. 104) just sufficiently to permit the Iotter to be adjusted from above with the aid of o slender screwdriver. Set stitch width dial A on "0". 12. or 4 to 6 mm. Turn eccentric stud A (Fig. 107) so that its lobe is at the top. 14. 104) to the right or left. run the machine and turn regulating screw e (Fig. 4. This will normally be the case when the clearance at f (Fig. until the needle bar ceases to swing sideways. 15. 107) to center the needl·e in the needle plate slot. 107). or 4 mm. (See also the second paragraph on page 48). place a piece of cardboard under the needle. Turn eccentric stud A (Fig.2. If adjustment is required. above the needle plate. Rotate the bevel gear on the arm shaft until the needle. 7. if necessary. turn stitch width dial A to "4". 6. To make this adjustment. 88 . ceases vibrating when its point has reached o position about 5 /32N to 1/•N. and set needle position lever B at its left position. 104) is 5/32". as it descends on the right and left of its throw. as may be appropriate to center the needle in the needle plate slot. 17. 11. 106). Important Having made this adjustment conscientiously. Push zigzag finger-tip control F up as far as it will go and. 106) to set the needle bar as for to the right s (toward the balance wheel) as possible. tud B (Fig. 10. 8. until any needlle vibration has been eliminated. tighten all set screws securely. Release zigzag finger-tip control F and tighten the set screw on the zigzag regulator crank. 5. To check the correct setting. Turn eccentric . Set stitch width dial A on "0" and put needle position lever B in the central notch. and turn this screw in or out while operating zigzag finger-tip control F. Loosen zigzag regulator crank on zigzag regulator stud b (Fig. Adjust the needle throw in relation to the center line in the needle plate slot by means of eccentric stud B (Fig. as appropriate. Turn stitch width dial A to "4" and set needle position lever Bat its central position. while the machine is running. Turn stitch width dial A to "0". loosen hexagon screw c on the needle position com finger (Fig. Turn stitch width dial A to "4". Again push up zigzag finger-tip control F and check to see that the needle bar does not swing sideways. 9.

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