Latin Cheat Sheet 2 | Grammatical Number | Verb

Latin Cheat Sheet 2 The 5 main cases of Latin Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative Ablative subject possessive (of) acts

on a noun indirect object direct object modifies a verb

1st Declension Chart Singular porta portae Portae portam portā Plural portae portarum portīs portās portīs

N G D Ac Ab

-a -ae -ae -am -ā

-ae -ārum -īs -ās -īs

Rule 1: The subject of a finite verb is always in the nominative case. (A finite verb is indicativestated as a fact, subjunctive- is a wish, or contingent on something else, or imperative- a command) Rule 2: A finite verb agrees with its subject in number and person. 1st Conjugation verbs – āre Laudō, I praise. Present stem: laudāPrincipal Parts: Laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātum singular laudō, I praise laudās, you praise laudat , he , she it praises laudāmus we praise laudātis you praise laudant, they praise plural

2nd Conjugation verbs -ēre Moneō, I advise I warn. Present stem monēPrincipal Parts: moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum Present Indicative Active singular plural moneō, I advise monēmus we advise monēs, you advise monet , he , she it advises monētis you advise moment, they advise

Rule 3: The direct object of a verb is in the accusative case Rule 4: A noun (or pronoun) limiting another noun and not meaning the same person is in the genitive case. Rule 5: The accusative and ablative cases may be used with prepositions

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