The Essenes (Greek Εσσηνοι, Εσσαιοι, or Οσσαιοι) were a Jewish religious group that flourished from the 2nd

century BCE to the 1st century CE that some scholars claim seceded from the Zadokite priests. Due to the various spellings of "Essene" the word could also mean "pious one," or "doers," or "doers of the Torah" All of these meanings seem to have been derived from the word. Being much fewer in number than the Pharisees and the Sadducees (the other two major sects at the time) the Essenes lived in various cities but congregated in communal life dedicated to asceticism, voluntary poverty, and abstinence from worldly pleasures, including marriage and daily baptisms. The Essenes possessed a hierarchy. The chief priest was known as Christos (Anointed One), "head of the whole Congregation of Israel." The ordinary priests were called "sons of Aaron," and there was another functionary known as the Messiah of Israel. He also was known as the Teacher of Righteousness and was to undergo and suffer physical abuse in atonement for the sins of the whole community, enduring "vindictive sentences of scourging and the terrors of painful sicknesses, and vengeance on his fleshly body." The Essenic view of the world seemed to be one of predeterminism. Their eternal and omnipotent God not only knew everything that would occur in the world but also arranged for it to happen. Within this predestined arrangement there were two ways that involve a macrocosm and a microcosm. In God's plan the two ways are the ways of light and darkness, or the ways of good and evilness. Quantities of light and darkness exist in the entire universe, angels and men. The opposite quantities are in constant battle. This battle between the two is macrocosmic, universal, as well as microcosmic, in men. God holds the duality in constant control and knows the eventual outcome. It was believed that after the final battle in this war of light against darkness that each angel and man would be judged according to his actions to these elements of light and darkness. Descriptions of Essenic life come from ancient writers such as Josephus, Pliny and others. The New Testament tells us that many of the early church's daily activities were centered around the Temple. Historically, we know that there were also many ritual immersion baths (The term mikveh in Hebrew literally means any gathering of waters, but is specifically used in Jewish law for the waters or bath for the ritual immersion. Ancient sages teach that the word mikveh has the same letters as Ko(v)Meh, the Hebrew word for "rising" or "standing tall," therefore we see the idea of being baptized "straightway." Jesus himself was immersed by John the baptizer, and straightway came out of the water.) on the Bloody Temple Mount including one in the Chamber of Lepers situated in the northwest corner of the Court of Women (Mid. 2:5). Josephus tells us that even during the years of war (66-73 A.D.) the laws of ritual immersion were strictly adhered to (Jos. Wars, 4:205). Herod's Temple itself contained immersion baths in various places for the priests to use, even in the vaults beneath the court (Commentary to Tam. 26b; Tam. 1:1). The High Priest had special immersion pools in the Temple, two of which are mentioned in the Mishnah. We are told one of these was in the Water Gate in the south of the court and another was on the roof of the Parva Chamber (Mid. 1:4; Mid. 5:3). There was an additional place for immersion on the Mount of Olives which was connected with the burning of the red heifer (Par. 3:7). A special ramp led to the mikveh on the Mount of Olives from the Temple Mount, which was built as an arched way over another arched way to avoid uncleanness from the graves in the valley below. Recent archaeological excavations have found 48 different mikvaot (Pools) near the Monumental Staircase leading into the Temple Complex. The Essenes were anciently known as regular practicioners of daily immersion. In the Talmud these daily Mikveh practicioners are called tovelei shaharit or "dawn bathers."Not only Nasarenes, but several other Jewish groups observed ritual immersion every day to assure readiness for the coming of the Messiah. Qumran is certainly filled with ritual bathing pools and one quite large community Miqvah has been uncovered

Essene Law also included conversion immersion. [39] For the promise is unto you. [41] Not to all the people. [41] Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls. and to your children. Biah xiii. is accepted with him. Immersion is required after a woman has her monthly period (Lev. and healing all that were oppressed of the devil. According to non-Essene Jewish law there are three basic areas where immersion in the mikveh is required.outside of the Synagogue / Temple site in the Essene quarter of Jerusalem. and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. Passage from Acts 2:[38] Then Peter said unto them. and said. Repent. ye know. thou mayest. for God was with him. I say. which was published throughout all Judaea. Acts 10:[34] Then Peter opened his mouth. and to all that are afar off. and preached unto him Jesus. I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. There were three prerequisites for a proselyte coming into Judaism: Circumcision. that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. [38] How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good. "nothing can stand before repentance" (Yebamos 47b). [36] The word which God sent unto the children of Israel. See. [39] And when they were come up out of the water. even to us. but not circumcision or animal sacrifice. . [36] And as they went on their way. Save yourselves from this untoward generation. and in Jerusalem. Acts 8:[35] Then Philip opened his mouth. they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said. both Philip and the eunuch. and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead. but not all sexuallity was considered defiling. and began at the same scripture. and he baptized him. Iss. 5). [40] And with many other words did he testify and exhort. Immersion is required for both men and women when converting to Judaism. 15:28). [42] And he commanded us to preach unto the people. but unto witnesses chosen before of God. and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. and worketh righteousness. what doth hinder me to be baptized? [37] And Philip said. [39] And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews. who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. [38] And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water. even as many as the Lord our God shall call. The Jerusalem Talmud states. Essene Law also included utensil immersion. Hilkh. the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip. that the eunuch saw him no more: and he went on his way rejoicing. here is water. It is customary to be immersed in the mikveh before Yom Kippur as a sign of purity and repentance and before the Sabbath in order to sensitize oneself to the holiness of the day. and sacrifice (Maimonides. And he answered and said. Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons: [35] But in every nation he that feareth him. baptism. saying. Immersion is required for pots and eating utensils manufactured by a non-Jew (Encyclopedia of Jewish Religion p-263). whom they slew and hanged on a tree: [40] Him God raised up the third day. [43] To him give all the prophets witness. preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:) [37] That word. and shewed him openly. and began from Galilee. after the baptism which John preached. Essene Law also included immersion for some forms of sexual pollution. If thou believest with all thine heart.

[45] And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days. for their sins to be washed away. but the scriptures clearly show all who heard and received the word were baptized in Jesus name. It was a daily ritual and forerunner of both the John's and the Apostle's baptism. that these should not be baptized. as shown by their faithful actions in the Acts of the Apostles. He was the lamb of God. Then answered Peter. 1 Corinthians 7:[19] Circumcision is nothing. and Colossians 2:120 Paul speaking of Christians foundation which is of Christ Jesus alone. To say otherwise is a contradiction and a lie. because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.[44] While Peter yet spake these words. Galatians 3:27. for the forgiveness of their sins. and uncircumcision is nothing. the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we? [48] And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. and magnify God. There is no other way to be one. (Acts 22:16) Now water baptism alone means nothing without the coupling of faith and obedience to it is applied. Also the Corinthians in Acts 18:8. (Mark 16:16. (John 1:29 and Hebrews 9:15-22) It is by the grace of God (Mainly shown at Calvary) and our active faith (First shown in baptism) that saves us today. Acts 22:16 states Paul himself was baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. He baptized both Lydia and the Jailer in Acts 16:15/33 in Jesus name. how that everyone who heard the Gospel both repented of their ways and by faith were baptized in the name of Jesus. and rising of Christ Jesus. As was the daily sacrifice of the animals and lambs in the temple. Now has Christ once and for all completed the process. John's former disciples in the name of the Lord Jesus in Acts 19:1-5. John came and showed the way and Jesus completed the sacrifice. This is the faith that was once delivered to the ealy church and saints. Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law. Paul tells that he was called to preach. (Hebrews 9:28) And the signifigance of baptism was always meant to cleanse or make one clean. (2 Kings 5:1-15) Jesus came to fulfill and not destroy the law and the prophets. (John 14:6) 1 Corinthinas 3:[11] For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid. but to fulfil. After reading here. (Romans 6:1-6. rather the obeying of word of God is what counts. . and Luke 24:45-47) We are baptized into the death. [47] Can any man forbid water. or the prophets: I am not come to destroy. And finally. One clearly see by this study that baptism was always by immersion under the law. Some say Paul did not baptize anyone. (1 Peter 3:20-21) Circumcision or uncircumcision means nothing. burial. (Ephesians 2:8-10) Many dispute it's significance and meaning. John 3:5. The Apostles and the early church all agreeing to their words. which is Jesus Christ. as many as came with Peter. Baptism was commanded by the Lord Jesus himself to be completed in his name. [46] For they heard them speak with tongues. This is not properly reading the texts of 1 Corithians 1:11-24. sent to take away the sins of the world. but the keeping of the commandments of God. and not simply baptize others.

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