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AN APPROXIMATE METHOD FOR CALCULATION OF RESISTANCE AND TRIM OF THE PLANING HULLS
by D. Radojcic Ship Science Report No. 23 December 1985

UNIVERSITY

OF
SOUTHAMPTON

DEPARTMENT

OF SHIP SCIENCE

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE

AN APPROXIMATE METHOD FOR CALCULATION OF RESISTANCE AND TRIM OF THE PLANING HULLS

Ship Science Report No. 23 December 1985

AN APPROXIMATE

AND TRIM OF THE PLANING

METHOD FOR CALCULATION OF RESISTANCE HULLS

by Dejan

Dept. of Naval Architecture Faculty of Mechanical Engng University ~f Belgrade 27. marta 80 11000 Relgrade Yugoslavia

Abstract A mathematical model is presented for predicting the resistance and trim angle of bare stepless planing hulls in calm water. Volume Froude numbers covered are 1 to 3.5 for resistance and 1 to 4 for trim angle. The predictive technique is established by regression analysis of data of systematic Series 62 (with deadrise angle of 12.50 and 25°) and Series 65. The mathematical model is a fUnction of four hull form and loading parameters (loading coefficierit (area coefficient), ratio of· length to beam, longitudinal center of gravity location, deadrise angle) 8no section shape. The method presented makes it possible to estimate the resistance of planing hulls in the early stage of design and is sutable for programming. This paper has been submitted to the SNAME Symposium on Power boa t s - R e ere a t.I Ii a 1. 'an d: Com mer cia 1. Mia m i, 1 9 t han d ? 0 t h 0 February 1985.

by means of empirically derived equations. The predictive technique is established by regression analysis of the r~sis~ance data of seven transom-stern hull series (NPL. It should be noticed that of all systematic series mentioned only one . which further An aproach similar to the one employed here was previously used in (2). SSPA. conserning the the resistance application of small of regression analysis for craft should be mentioned. trim angle.is hard chine form. De Groot. . number of cases. a small craft designer to perform· a parametric study design stage and then to considered. the resistance of a bare stepless planing hull form in the calm water can be determined mainly in the following two ways: . Nordstrom. However. Series 63. which could serve as a textbook. those It is the objective of this paper to derive a mathematical model for calculating resistance. In it. (5) and deals with the calculation of the residuary resistance of round bilge displacement hulls over a speed range of Froude numbers between 0. Previous Craft Regression Analyses Conserning Re·sistance of' a Small The application of regression analysis to ship data is very well shown in Farlie-Clarke's paper (3). among other things. among which of Savitsky (1) are the most frequently used.4 and 1. Two 'papers calculating too. wetted area. reference (2) should be considered as a companion paper. but regression equations. The mathematiprogrammed. deals with the calculation of the total resistance of transom-stern craft i~ the non-planing range.0. is given an extensive review of regression analalysis of ship data.2 Introduction Besides by the model tests.by use of systematic series results. Series 64. and Series 62). specifically for volume Froude numbers between 1 and 2. for better in-depth understanding. The second paper was presentewd by Jin Ping':zong et a L. written by Mercier and Savitsky (4). The first one. and length of wetted area of planing hull forms by use of regression analysis applied to the systematic series results. etc. The intention of the paper is to anable evaluate resistance and trim angle. and . to of planing hull forms in the preliminary choose the best variant amongst those cal expressions obtained can be easily facilitates prediction and optim~zation. are quite diferent.Series 62 .

systematic S e r i e s 65 con sis t s 0 f two.MBK (10) . 't. g r 0 ups 0 f mod e 1s 65 . a~ was done with original Series 62 and 65 results and one model named DL-62-A (Davidson Laboratory model.Lp/Bpa longitudinal centre of grav1ty location . S/V 3. etc.3 Available Only been Systematic Series of Planing Hull Forms forms have a few of the systematic series of planing hull published.Series NSRDC 65 (8)(9) .loading coefficient (area coefficient) . e ac h for Ca = 0 and a . .Series TMB 6~ (1) .).000 II The par a• meters R/6. are not suitable for the modern stepless planing hulls.A and 65 .Series BK and. The results of the Series ~K and MBK are not available in the original form (some results are released in monograph (10». Practically. the following hull form and hull loading parameters were selected: .LCG/Lp .Series EMB 50 (6) .ratio of length to beam . the Series EMB 50 is out of date. Lc/Lp' and Lk/Lp were .Ap/V2/3 . In the Report 4301 the tow force was applied horizontally through CG for v ario u s dis p I~ <. so they were omitted too. the series can be used results of only three remaining for the regression analysis. the multitude of different loading conditions for all of of accepted series made it necessary to narow the space (number of observed cases) to the recomended range treat it with a view to the preliminary design stage University of Technology • OUT-Delft . With the help of NSRDC Report 35~~ (12) the results of Series 62-DUT were transformed to the unique basis.deadrise angle at 50\$ of Lp .Series 62-DUT with 25° deadrise angle (11) However.resented as a function of two form parameters (LCG/Lp and Lp/Vl 3) for Fnv=1 to If • Hull Form Analysis and Hull Loading Parameters Used for Regression four Based on E. originated from model ~661-1) in the NSRDC Report ~307 (13).~n 21 models working and to However. The original presentation of the remaining series were different (different hull form parameters were used. Clement's papers (1~) and (15). ernen t S.B. some models were fixed-to-trim and some were free-to-trim. These are: . Series 65-A hulls are with narrow and shallow transom and as such.

..9905 lb/ft3). Otherwise.for Fnv r a n ge 1 to 4 . The program used for the selection of the "best. 3.F to enter and F to remove values . The accepted four hull form parameters covered the ranges: . subset" was Stepwise Multiple Regression (16) (based on Biomedical Package Series).00.2. which subsequently were used throughout regression analysis.73 1 3. 1. However.I:> m 2 I s (1. early design stage would space would be broader.4.4 requirements. in selection of the best subset the following parameters were varied: . the accuracy of the prediction be diminished.0).00).number of cases (outliers were discharded) .00.n . Lines and body plans of accepted hulls are given in Figure 2.36<Lg/Bp§<6.50.50.25. 2.0<180'LCG/LQ<44.and not only for discrete values of' Fnv (1. and ATTC-1947 friction coefficients with Ca=O.00.number of variables variables themselves This was done for all four dependant variables and L/Lp). the stepwise procedure was not followed strictly because it was felt that it was necessary to obtain the overall best mathematical model .25<A IV2/3<9.8 .00 <On < . For instance. 40 The data used for the derivition of the regression coefficients. The principal four hull form parameters were transformed into another set of variables r a n g i g n g from -1 to +1. Therefore.5 and 33 for Fnv=4. more than tried before the final one was choosen. oJ = 1 •1901 . are as follow: .50.50 30. f o r :RIb. 3.1 0 . (most of them taken f r om Report 4301) hold good fqr b. lLH) S/v2/3.=100000 lb = 45 36 tin a sea wa t e r 150 C (5'90 F). subsets were re. 1. S=1026 kg/m3 (1. although the in the working After the elimination {same constraints as in (2» there remained 15 models with 98 different loading conditions (unfortunatelly only 52 for Fnv=3. These new variables.75. 2. (RIll. and 4. These are the models given in Table 1 and Figure 1. 1.28 17 10-~ ft2/s). Regression Analysis The analysis of the data was carried out with the aid of microcomputer Apple 11+.

-rur-::r !..::rON .t-..o 1l'I\O!'-CO M =r ('("It:O t:O""" >D>D\O>D N('\JN--N \0 >D". co U"I'U"\ "I =r .::r 0'000 t-NOO o\NOM N...O\!'-o.QC7"I-ro .::r.-.--t QJ ('II Q..O 0 III U"I.-O!.r=rq I N . WI III Col I I OU"lIl'U"IOO co..::rMM!\I 0000 a 00 o O\U"IO\U"IOO ocoo~oo -Of\J~ _ MO'"to::r < Q.N E Of-Ot-U"\U"\ -t"---t-Lt"'Il('\ 'oococo !..J I ' e )< Q.5 o DODO o >D>D<oru!\lO ___ NNrw"I ruruNN 0000 o o o 0000 N !'-!'-t-t-t-t- 0\0\0\0\0\0'0 .::r N N Ir.0 . DODD 000000 o II\NNNNN NOOO>D\O 0\\0".-!.::rO\O\ e 0'0\0\0\00\0\ t-1l'U"IInMM \O<O\OM 0'0\0\"f NruNU"I co U"IU"IU"I"f 0000 N '" o 0000 OCO!'-M 00"'tU"\. .::r = 1"1 0000 NNIr\M -0-000 o Q.~.::r.::r ·N . \0 U"IU"IU"\IJ"IIr\U"I ¢..::r r ..::r::r N::rCOCO O\N MM ~ODO DODO -co=-=I 011">00 ONU"Ill'I .::r U III Q.::r. ... 0<00\0 OOOU"l Nr-. o ...::r=rNN .:.::rll> o '" s: o III III .NN o < .MCV1MMM 000000 0000 o 0000 co 0\ 000000 0000 o 0000 III ..&l o o ~ 1'-00\\O...-.' ... '0 ID o E QJ Q.-NCOCO 0600 CV""...l I 19 eHl o rnc -zs .N ~NN0000 000000 a o .N 0000 001l">U"\ N 0\ OO\M!.... E M N N CO---~Q'\ C.::r.J I._C\J--8-59 ::rCO....J B NN!'-NNN I'-!'-=rt-I'-!'- co co '" co eo eo --00--.\00\0\ f-U"IU"IInMM ::r ~ OU"lO!'!.

--".......»: V ..~ ....~ ~ ~ Lp --? ~ f'- ~ ~ ~ ~ .-f-.T 8..OUT rncde rn del 5 186. V/ / . l":0 r-../ IES /' V T '18 62 668 II.. . . 4 65. . III III s 80 60 -o ~ y~ -"1:. 2-A u -.. 40 20 f- -. ~ <.0 20 90 100 Figure 1 .30 -40 50 prrcel'll 01 Lp 60 '" -..... '" .. . --R ~ 70 j"--. '6 7-1. r-.6 80 70 DEAORISE 'ANGLE ~ I 60 50 SEI lES 65 . and 197 dirhr S[19htfy trom other'Serin 62 hulls due vcr iQtioos 10 alterbod».> . 1'81... ... 10 "' pdiT5'" ':JH :.8 40 30 20 --rr. <. 189 IU\- .5 . 4666..--./ ....Form characteristic models curves of chosen .. (.0 V q36 ' V ~ ~ 'l ~~ ~ ~ »: /"" .o ./ V /' / /'" // ".. ~ 90 \ ~ .---.5 . e u 120 100 mode DL- ~ 0.a..--. 10 30 40 perclnt 50 01 60 70 80 90 100 140 5-ERtf 5-..... 50 40 30 ' 20 10 20 SERlE S 6 . 46 6. r--.: ~ '" 6'1- • ~ f-- ---~ r---:::: ~ ::::-. 186. NOTE: Bp/S Q ot modlts 4665.....

. ~ 0-1 I'd 0.J ~..-. I ~:I iii \ .I 0 " a " . = . -ii ~ .l 0 C tI) ..: . N ID If) W Il: W If) g '" ::I ...' .7 ..:: N .L:: -.c:: o lJ...~ ~..§~"I_. • ~ c (]) fJI .~ Q. = ..c:: ::l S .:: .:I tJ) (]) >t '0 " " . ....J "" .8 '0 C I'd C -. • ~ .... ..:.... .... '0 . • j . . v ~ .: NO> ID tJ) 0-1 0-1 ..

and Series 62-DUT).+b2X2+ The for final mathematical all cases. Y=R//J. y = where Y= 1: (IIa" regression c o e f f I cients). reciprocial were not enough reasons for rejecting four cases.e. more or less. <"b" regression and Y=L/Lp However. exponential. for RIA and T it was necessary to introduce one "dummy" v a ria b 1 e II z-" W h i c h for m5 two dis tin c t g r 0 ups 0 fda taz for Series 65-8 and z=O for the rest of the data used (Series DMR 02. Surface Tr im Angl e. Y=S/V2/3 (lie" regression coefficients). The mathematical model included one extra term in this case =. n2-A. The same mathematical model was taken that i5 a polynomial equation. was applied. Other (multiplicative. The initial square curve polynomial fitting equation. However. coefficients).8 M athem at leal Wetted Surface. but there the polynomial form in ~ll . for all four answers. Y=bO+bZ+b. (lid" regression coefficients). and should not be confused with hull characteristics. for . Tn other warns. all models of Series 62 (TMB 62. and 62-DUT) have similar section shape which for one section. the least to· which subsequently had 27 terms. it differs model for only in ••• RIA the +b26x26' and 1: is constan~ actually term boo the same This distinctive separation into two groups actually acts as a fifth variable and should be taken as a section shape only. can be defined with three points connected with straight lines. i.x. Model 62-A.). and forms were tried ~s well model. Models for Cal cui at ion 0f and Mean Length of Wetted Resl stance. etc.

rather than interpolation of the final answer. In .00 should be avoided since number of cases for these Fnv values were only 33 (fnv=~. lb it was necessary of the wetted surface to and However. give regression coefficients for S/V2/3 in a format similar to coefficients and for It should be noted that the mathematical model for the calculation of RIll. while for T. Also. is of greater importance than the four parameters (Ap/V21 . which were obtained with the use of lIZ variable". L C GIL p .OO) and 52 (Fnv=3.. It should be noted that the importance of section shape. according to (ln~. are in complete agreement with those published in (10). cur r en t pap e r • Howe v e r. this fact was not realised and regression equ~tions were carried out differently. fitted p~lynomials of the regression confidience were . chine does not exist in fore part of 65-B's hulls for of Lp (Figure 2). a c cor din g to (1~) and {15) section shape is not of great significance. interval of within 95~. The results. The magnitude of each coefficient is g i v e n for des c ret e val u e s 0 f "F:. it should be pointed out that the exact value of S/V2/3 and L/Lp are not of great importance for the calculation of the resista~ce for the displacements other than 100000 lb. L pi B p a' On) use din the. n v » a s w ell a sin the pol y nom i a 1 form which can be used for calculation of regression coefficients for intermediate values of Fnv.a previous similar paper by the author (2).9 Series 65-B. which looks very much like semi-displacement there is slight curvature of section shape on sides.50..50» • All diagrams I to IV were The coefficients and calculation of fitted polynomials in Appendices done with a help of program "Curve Fitter" (17). holds good only for Fnv range 1 to 3.fficients are given for 1:"" and RIll. the ahout 20'. and L/Lp for Fnv range 1 to It (although values of Fnv>3. Appendix III and IV L/Lp' respectively.50 or even greater than 3. For displacements other than 100000 evaluate the regression coefficients the mean length of the wetted surface.. It was felt to be more correct to do the interpolation of coeffici~nts for calculation of intermediate values. S/V2/3. respectively. series. In Appendix I and Appendix II regression coe. 7: and RIll.

t. The model proposed can be easily programmed which further facilitates prediction and optimization in preliminary design stage.50 and 4.he distribution of the principal four parameters should be as shown 1n Appendix V (for Fnv=3. polynomials for fitted Fitter program) of Curve of regression are given in Finally.Fnv=1to 3. Control information ---. for discrete Ff'\V values (output of Stepwise Multiple Regression program) are glven in Appendix VI. . This is exactly what is given here and t h a t 1s a new mathematical model for predicting the performance of the stepless planing hull forms in calm water.Control Information Some of the important statistics or quality of fitted equations or control information.00 for 't). Relatively wide speed range of applicability sh~uld be pointed out .e f f i c i e n t s (0 u t put -co Appendix VII. the new design may have any combination of the hull characteristics of the data considered. is given in Appendix VIII. .:the degree of agreement for resistance between the test data and the results calculated by proposed mathematical model for eight ad hoc chosen cases. The proposed model may be used together with other performance prediction methods available (for F =1-2 Reference (4). e t c v ) .10 Boundaries of Applicability The mathematical model presented may only be used to predict the performance of a new planing hull whose characteristics are similar to the data underlying its derivation. First of all. The comparison is rather satisfactory. However. The rest of the hull characteristics and parameters which were not used in developing the performance equations should also be within the range of values covered by the data (Table 1).00 the range is narrower). Quality of Fitted Equations . for higher Fnv values Savitsky's equations nr 1). which turnes out to be one of the most atractive features of the regression analysis. Conclusions Recent SNAME Transaction paper (18) under headings "Summary and Conclusions" suggests: "Addition of a module which will use the NSRDC Series 62 and 65 hull data as an alternative to the present module".50 (to 4.

. J. Step-by-step Acknowledgments The author is grateful to Professor B. University of Belgrade.· author is grateful to Dr. University of Southampton. Djodjo. of Naval Architecture of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. F. who helped in finishing this paper. already accepted in planing hull form design practice. of Ship Science. A.11 For the derivation planing hull forms Only were of the regression equations. calculation procedure is given in Appendix IX. Welli·come and the staff of the Dept. were used rather than prismatic data of modern forms. under whose supervision previous related studies were made in the Dept. Also. four (plus section shape) hull form and loading parameters used.

.807 m/s2 c . .Specific weight of water A ~ .12 NOMENCLATURE Ap QAp 8p 8ps .Deadrise angle at 5~ Lp' in degrees 0t '3x Co Cf ·6 .Acceleration of gravity. in m3 . .Linear ratio..Speed.Projected planing-bottom area Dlatance o~ centroid df Ap rorward of transom .Projected wetted chine length .Craft displaced volume at rest. 9.J 4- Kynematic viscosity.Breadth over chines Mean breadth over chines .Trim angle of planing area .Wetted surface .1907'10-6 m2/s . ) allowance co ef1'ic .Projected mean wetted length of a model (A =100000 Ib) ill LCG .Deadrise angle at transom .Projected wetted keel length . at rest.Specif'ic frictional reaistance ' .Reynold's number . boat) . in mls .(v·L)/~ .Density of w~~~r I 1026 kglm3 Isalt w. 1.Projected mean wetted length of a craft (ship. ship to model .Deadrise angle at Bpx Correlation ient (roughness.Volwne froude number g·vl/3 v g 'L v/J . measured from the transom R Re S ~ v w Total resistance . in tons . etc.Breadth over chines at transom Bpx Maxilllwnbreadth over chines 131( .Longitudinal 'center of gravity locati9n.Craft displacement.AplLp 8pt .Projected chine length .

1982. Seaworthiness Leningrad. Trans.D.110.s Dynamic Lift from Graft 1972. Planing lIulls". Vol. lIull Forms Shipbuilding "Re s I s t n n c e Test!'. April a Test Result. Holling. lJ."Stepwise Associates. Technology. anc e Regimen. 1-23. Azusa. 71.N. . Fixed(model Hubble."!low to Use for Design and for No.n Trans."110 Program Internctlve for Recr. Shipbuilding A. Series C~aft". Boats.: M. April 1974. Bunkov. of H.. Motor fl. . Resistance Small r. Belanger 16. e r".E. 5 E:. Sud o s t r o e n Le . May 1951. Rtepless No. and Snvitsky.D.a Hard-Ghine. 1963."Re3i3tance Planin~ Hull Forms Hay '97~. K. Hay R. International Mercier. Series Angle". Resistance Shipbuilding Farlie-Clarke. . 11. and E. of i1 with 25 Degrees Deadrise Progress. 12. Series Section. Radojcic. .C. Ho.rnft Predlctlonll."Hydrodynamic Vol.1915. 6."Model Resistance Hull Forms Applicable to Hydrofoils NSRDC Report lJ121. Craft Loading". Hubble. LT.Series 65".N. F.D. 1963. . USA.1.smn. "Performance and Russian). of De c. December 1984. Tests of a SIlAHE. with Systemiltlc Variation of Hull NSRDC Report ~307. USA. J n t era ct ive '. State Calkins.IL Planing Hulls" (in Gerlt.P. Clement. Related DTM Report 7.251. ."A Statistical of the Stepless Progress.R 15. Multiple CA. J. 1964. Systematic E. International 31. Dp. and of Planing International Sep. 1963. SNAME. 33. Roat". Internotional Clement. Synthesis SNAHE. Regression".P. and of a Systematic SNAME Cheasapeake and of Holling.sign of Oct.N. Hadler.' in Pre-Planing June 1973. E. E. 1978. "C u r V e r itt PA.pless Form. 1. 364. . Clement. the SNAMF. Vol.-k<li Round Flilge Displacement f t."Re s La t a n c e of.eatlonal Computer-flidccl Powerboats". Davidson ' and Tlln lhonp. . Pli'lninr. 9. Craft D. f. of 3.. No. 8.S pee d Sur fa c e era Davidson. - nnegression Progress. Characteristi~s .P. Series of Planing D. . Vol. Hubble.13 REFERENCES 1. Savitsky.A. Method for Calculation Planing Hullsn. . and V-Bottom 1 9118 • Suarez. and Hubble.B.fI.• 1980 • "Tests of EMB Series Twenty Itf! 5. . 111. D. Plilnin~ LCG. P• College. Hi g h . 22. Kenning.. ."Correlation and Free-to-Trim 4667)". and nata of Planing B. NSRDC of Resistance Metbods for Report 35~4. 1 O. Vol. 29. ~tp. De:Jlr. No. Models 170.I i c row are Inc. 11arine 2. ."Resist. - tf. J. Sheets Bulletin Belanger. Egorov. Su na-yinR. j. LN.R."Annlysis Shipbuilding of the Progress. Jin Ping-zhong. stern Report J. 337."Resistance 'Hull' Forms". Parametric Study on Jligh-Speed Hull s '".. p. of TrnnsornLaboratory 1667. . Analysis of Ship D~ta". Research War me. D. 18. 65 H. DOlta !f. I 50". May 1974. and Blount.

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.... .....tNNt1' .IJ t1N III I'! ..NN ffiffiffiQffiffi '" .......g-uJ -4m"'m.....gr-. ~...Juuuuo U-IWWWWW ~\$ffiffiffig O-("<I" UJUJ .t I ocoee O-r+M ........... n ~~~ ~~~~~~ . I • ~uuuu~ :.. -'I ~ In W1 .-.-I- I II .000"' ......I I f'lI I ..:~ii:~ii: n ~~~~~~ uuuuuu WW'bJwwuJ ~~~~ffi .APPENDIX 4 . n-4.. N I.. I •1 N III N ....""'mo- ".. m-OO.... 0..m~ ~ nun I...::.. ZZZ2:2:Z t-. WI I!: I!: I!: I!: I!: wwwww UUUUU 00000 g~g§g 1 I I • I I I • ~I ort "'"' 111 III w~Ill!:.a ....<D:-:"I.. ......... " ~. 1 Q' .gr:=~ n....._n_N_.. ...k)......_~~ I •• I •• p.. ..Q r~lit ......-r...I£DD- • -Nn . '<I n ........• . IILLLlLLLlL WI ....~<D...B!. O!) • •.. t1111.- 'if.• re •• ('j .(h::-:::Ill....... .......... ~ N"'''' __ 111 .. ." .... "" .-mr-...& O "'.--~n~~~~~~N~- ~~~~~~ .... i • 11 n I1.&JWUlWWW ~~i[~~ S8BBBS O-Nt'J.. ~h~d t... n ... . ED ~~~~H·1... ...-n g~gQg tLLLlLLL-11. Nil" I ••• x .u .. N .. ~t-I-I-"" ffiffiffi~ffi .. wUJ'W .....0 •• 5 • f ...~:: ~~ ~ 1>... .N ... ... ' . t-t......".. "I"'t UIU WWWldlU O-Nn ...• ..N"'"""'j')".... N •II•..• • • • -• •~ NmNn..mo- a-Nt1"'I'1.".'i' 11f'w....-m::-.. r.. w~~m~I~.. .tf1..Regression coe~ficients of wetted area estimate for mean length equation (L/Lp) 22 LL lI<- .. ...o...tb..... wwwuJw ocooe uuuuu N ffi~ffiffiffi WlIJtI..t ~N~.:-:-:N"... . Ir-~~..lllJ 1:l1fl::J::J1:: 1 III • '!"'t W~~Ill~~"'=-~Ill~~"'--~m~~"':-'~ I ... u....Q n ..

. 1 2 • I..50 o o o THEK o "r!'0 IF -::0 I er-------------------------~~ 41 1 2 3 4 E-2 "':10 IC-Fn.7:5 2 2.06--bB21~214 -.I.' 5 6 7 8 9 3. -~ -..-Fn" ..380681632 .8:5478 -.121441717 -.04:Z6:5'O':i7'9 ..'73 -. 2.~ .02<.1510:.13214392 _ .:5 4 V"d2'D -..-1.2.25 1.B~944128 .3446~B91 .-1 ~ 1 2 ~ 4 8 3.~4041897a ~1~a~~1~5~-·~~~e'---~2~5~~3~e~--·3~5~--· .127042768 3 4 5 6 7 1.23 e -1 E-~ .0184440<.7:5 2 2. 1 1..Ob4B'96:li6!1o -.3b4729~15 -. .04426711174 -.2!I '1-"" o -..:5' 1..0 3 I.'06 o 1 2 3 OEGREE OEGREE DEGREE DEGREE COEFFICIENT COEfFICIENT COEFFICIENT.9251069864 -.-2.. '.. COEFFICIENT .0119770<. DEGREE DEGREE DEGREE DEGREE DEGREE COEFFICIENT COEFFICIENT COEFFICIENT COEFFICIENT COEFFICIENT.:5 3 1 1.1. 40~01o~~2 . -..'2923551 .020825027.042ZS40763 -. 4 F. ~e:.238998683 -.-.15077799 .

.~/ ~. ... -t...l.-.Ul ~ I..g~ I --~--------~------ __ ~--------~------~.. -B 65 1MB 61 0 • A- FROUDE'S NO.~ } i I / / 'OJ \ - 1/1/ -.~ I .. '. LJ>"s..'1': ~ ././ . '..... 'Sl-~.. !-1~ ·1 I" '-~--- IS \~ 0 "1 \!.==F===-:F=-<t:'----.tV J ' ~~ 1'5 . . --15 -- /0/ / .------~IS~----~I~D------~I~'------~~~----~I'~-----'~O .._ -. /" I "1 0 ! 1 /3' . 'I.__-I-----~-----~-----~---~I-__i // ~ '~.• DL'U~'" LeGH. ---"1-' .. '/..' v·. 151- orr lL 10 if I.APPENDIX V 24 SERIES. 0._....~ . \. J 1 0 g 'f I 0 I 1 0 II 00 • 21 00 ! I 2 . LeGIL. . I ~J "J I· I J I I 1 0 30 \ ~<~" [\~I -.1.G .------.. ·. .------. leGll. I.. .4 ...' d .I !~ ~ ~J !...1 4 / .: 1'" l. ! ~ \ Range of variation of accepted hUll fODm parameters four principal . ~' _. ./ / 01 I -~'_+--------4-------I----~rl-~ -u-L:.iF m ..I -zOO1 I 20 1 1 1° I.. \ " -..\$ I .

43 6.0n 3.09 0.56 94 95 15 97.23 1t. 88 F 95.?0 0.0267 78 56.4295 D.663 88 60. 39 I r-----· ------- 94 94 13 13 97.28 '------.46 92 13 90.------1.82 ------ 94 14 96. 89 F 64. 11 85.25'51 ?5 109..21 87.1------.97 89. :n 0.87 ------.1------. -----S/V2/3 92 1? 94.4351 7.-----dynamic n k trim .548 3.86 ------ 95.--------- 79.91 0.52 7 97 88.50 2. ______ -----.40 103.34 117.3726 80 192._-'------------.32 78.RB 4.:>6 It.f------n k ------.-----.60 ------RIA 11.73 1----.A3 96 7 83.80 95 7 86. 90 45 ?6 138.00 3.. 98 7 87.76 10 93 ------.0ll 89 -----area 96 7 82.F.F.50 96 51 ~2 ') 5 5 92.83 ------- 94 13 96.RR 95 6 -----~------ R2 86.00 1.. F f----.68 0.98.5285 0.F.75 2.093 90 50.4242 90 92..1l1119 0.82 5.5" 185.84 0.3885 82 233.68 86.311 96.9 5.2904 0.90 0.95 I----.51151 311 - - . F _ - Information number of cases number of predicted variables multiple·R squared (coef. 31 0.00 1.3466 80 80 260.16 455. -----. 18 161..6215 D.12 95.4678 0. 14 _____ ~ ______ L.92 91 ..79 0.A97 ?.F.25 1.86 77.79 5. of determination) standard error of est.9S8 87 77.40 L.------- 115.64 4 .78 92 1.------.057 90.50 Fnv ---.67 resistance 95 10 R2 .-----.'------- .79 3.5663 89 90 89 89 86.30 0.2511 79 120. degrees of freedom F-test (F ratio) .5561 7 51 911.2833 79 138.63 - 1------:n 97 7 R2 83.3743 43 7 97.------------_. 96.50 ------ 1------.------------.94 ------ length n k of wetted 98 7 - r------ 0.181l1l lin 24 105.-----n k 95 12 95.-----.52 ?36.-------.51 0.3131 5.7: 2· R 5 D. ______ 19.i-- 96 9 96.99 79..------- fJ7 98 97 97 7 7 7 7 87.88 108.2S APPENDIX VI Control n k R2 s D.74 ----.3067 79 190.3116 82.103 It.0991 82 80 203.50 4.58 S 0.-----.59 5.6041 0.------wetted area 95 9 97.~-----4~ 51 33 R 10 96.731 88 64.. 135.69 9 6.70 6.------.-------.67 13 97.04 ------ L/Lp 96 5 88. 96.0736 85 41R.------ 1-----_.----.72 5·'0 6.014 ?.F. 86 84 F 283.209 ? D.

0 0.9 5. atd .226 99.37.4 0.012 100.026 18 19 20 21 22 23 .1 1.OR5 99.20'10-3 100. 'I 1.59 .031 99.211'10-3 99.0115 98.1l 1.022 93.92'10-'1 9R.8 0.69'10-4 .9 5.3 0.1 0. :t a td .30'10-3 99.10.222 - - - - - - .78.:.1 0.IIR·10-3 96.. error 99.9 1.136 911.68'10-3 96.9 6.2 5..8 1.0 11.2 0.7 0.136 99.94'10-3 -- coer.042 91.212 100.13'10-4 96.153 99.'10-1 97. co!!f.066 - .9 0.5 0. el"rOI" :!Ird.10'10-3 100.0 .96'10-3 99.213 99.9 1.r s 14 15 16 11 - - 98. 11 6 99. - - - - - 99.20'10-:'1 99.176 99..R4·10-3 99. .6 0. - 94.>4 25 26 97.E L/L -"d" coer.050 99. 2.6 0.II 4.9 0.0 2.2 0.4 0.3 2.0 0.5 1.2 0.93'10-3 99.9 4.1 0.40'10-11 99.5 3. ---=.015 99. 9R.O R.7 0.1 n.6 Ii.53'10-3 99.095 91.1 0. a " COEF' • No.093 90.. erl"or 99.058 99.094 ..8:1'10-3 99.043 99. 99 ..024 96.5 0.1 0.S 0..3 911.Ol· 10-'1 99. -- R/t. 0 z 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 8 9 10 11 12 R7.:.8 2.10-3 9R.37.66' 10-4 - - - - 91. S/V"l_" e " coer.6 '2'.11 1.-ttb" - el"l"or R2 :t :!ltd.9 0.10-4 99.APPENDIX VII 'l:"'.10-3 99.0 8.50'10-3 99.5 0.. Ri> :t 26 R7..7 3.) 2.A2·10-3 99.1114 .

Sf MAT.i-: lOB"" 10 MODEL Ap/V21 6" R r-62-A r--- 0. OB "*'50 -. lp • 15.15 0. OB~ SO MODEL ApI V2f lCG/Lp IBfi • 8. 5m 0.05 1/ k-"'"" / OB 4F 40 V MODEL Ap/V2f3 L--- 5236 = 7.15 MODEL 52 40 A /'IVl • ~. 1m 0. / OB .38 • 35.10 51" / '6 OJ5 R ~ OB43D A 1'1213 • 1.10 If 4 »-: I--.50 I 0.72 P LCG/lp • 38 'I.15 OJO ~ / MODEL ? -: 0. 6.00 2.50 3.U LCGllp • '2.10 D.10 LCGllp 0.SO Comparison of resistance of proposed mathematical model with results of measurements for eight ad hoc chosen hulls . - 0.9 'I.05 / ~ 13. . 8.0 5 »: R .00 I.50 • 39.APPENDIX VIII 27 • R TF. MODel OAT A 4.. 3 m 1i 0.52 m 1. -- Lp • 15. LCGI Lp =34 Lp .U P lCGllp o 34°'. D.451 • 450000 N 's OJ5 !f .3 'I.1 '/.l °10 . 1m lp 015.2U In WD V V --V 09*ID 0..ID V /' OB #" V D MODE Ap/V LeGI Lp' 5239 ~p • " •• 5 "" 3.69 'J. 9B m - B.D5 vR .83 p '3' 'I. 0.00 I.05 • 5.. lp ••24. Lp • 21.SD 2.10 0..1000001b .15 MODEL '666 Api '1213 "S.45 LCG/lp • '0.50 100 l..15 0.15 R 0.00 2.60 ---- l--MODEL 4667'1 A~I '1213 • 8.05 0.. O.DO lSD 2.

etc. '3f As according 2 3 m. III.: 10. 4. Fairing should be applied if necessary. II. calculate the mean length of wetted arp.. terminate the calculation procedure. Schoenherr's the model Cf'=f(Fnv) coefficient friction ooefficients should be c a t o u l a t ed for as (Cr). and L/Lp' Froude numbers 6.45 t. to th~ (towln~ .36 t. parameters four are be the c a Lc u La range (X" gi t ed 2. =104.APPENDIX Step-by-Step Caloulation Procedure IX 2B (new) hull in thp. Froude numbers one can c a l o u La te the regression coefficients using polynomial expreslons. The oalculation initial design 1• prooedure stage should hull for a proposed be as follows: should within Princltal (Ap/V2 3. C a leu I ate the len g tho f the mod e I a s L R m = L p I). Multiply them with the coresponding regression coefficients given in Appendices I.'" R 6 NotE> should be t!lken th~t the result~ ~pply only conditions which are equivalent to -t ho s e in Report 4307 tank conditions. For the intermidiatp. The scale ratio should be calculated 100000 Ib::' 1150000 Otherwise KO to ~. principal the other independent variables (x x2. 8. 3.). (RIA) 100000' S/V2/3 I.00000=f(Fnv)' !lnd for the new design ~s which need not be s c hc e n h e r r t s . Tf it is the Series 65 then value of bz and az should be addedlsubtracted from constant term bO and aO' respectively. tow force horizontal throu~h eG. independent variables 5 to x26)' 5.. 7. C a leu 1 ate the new ghenen in (II) . des ig n 's R 16.a for each number of model and of proposed new design as The n Froude L '" ( L+LplII' III L P . Calculate Re value for model for new design 11.s /m4) 9. Check if the Appendix V. to (111) Am"'lOOOOO lb = 45.6 kg. Calculate and x4)' Calculate above v e n in x3. LCG/Lp' form parameters tp/Bpa' 0~).ion Ca may be applied if desired. a c cor d 1 n g tot her e I a t 10 n 12. Addition of terms gives values for various for 'T". and IV. If the mass of the new design is approximately N ::. Correlat. "Ss·2. At this point one should select which series (65 or 62) is most appropriate to the new design's section shape.'3.