# AP Calculus

:
®

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

2008

Curriculum Module

F ( x)

x a

f (t ) dt

b a

f (x) dx

F(b)

F(a)

f.

1 x

4

2

x 5

a a b a

f (x) dx f (x) dx
c

0,
a b

f (x) dx,

a b
b a

f (x) dx

c b

f (x) dx

c a

f (x) dx

F1 (x)

3

F1 ( x)

2 3( 2 0)

1 3( 1 0)

3(0 0)

3(1 0)

3(2 0)

3(3 0)

3( x 0)

F2 (x) 3

F2 ( x )

2 3( 2 1)

1 3( 1 1)

3(0 1)

3(1 1)

3(2 1)

3(3 1)

3( x 1)

F1 ( x) F2 ( x) F1 ( x) F2 ( x)

G1 (x)

2x

x

G1 ( x)

2 4( 2 0) 2

1 2( 1 0) 2

0(0 0) 2

2(1 0) 2

4(2 0) 2

6(3 0) 2

2 x( x 0) 2

x

2

1

G 2 ( x)

G2 (x)

2x

G1 ( x)

G 2 ( x)
G1 ( x) G 2 ( x)

2
u

1

1 3
1 2( 1 0) 2

6

H (u)

3 6( 3 0) 2

0

1 2(1 0) 2

6(3 0) 12(6 0) 2 2

2u (u 0) 2

(u, H (u))

f (t ) 3

[ 2,3]

2

1

F1 ( x)
( x, F1 ( x)) F1 ( x)

F1 ( x)
F1 (x)?

f (t ) 3

[ 2,3]

2

1

F2 ( x )

( x, F2 ( x))
F2 ( x)

F1 ( x)

F2 ( x)
F2 ( x) ?

F1 ( x)

F2 ( x)

g (t ) 2t

[ 2,3]

2

1

G1 ( x)
( x, G1 ( x))
G1 ( x)

G1 ( x)

G1 ( x) ?

x

2

1

G 2 ( x)

( x, G2 ( x)) G 2 ( x)

G1 ( x)

G 2 ( x)
G2 ( x) ?

G1 ( x)

G 2 ( x)

f (t) 2t

x u

2

1

1 3
1

1 3

6

H (u) (u, H (u)) H (u)

H (u)

H (u)
H (x)

H (x)

F(x)

x 1

2 2t dt

2t t 2

x

2x
1

x2 1

F (x) 2 2x

F (x) 3 F (x) 3 F ( x) 2 x F ( x) 2 x F ( x) 2 2x F ( x) 2 2x F ( x) sin x F ( x) sin x F ( x) 2(sin x) cos x

F (x)
F(x)
x 0

3dt

F(x)

x 1

3dt

F(x)

x 0

2t dt

F(x)

x 1

2t dt

F ( x)

x 0

(2 2t )dt

F ( x)

x 1

(2 2t )dt

F(x)

x 0

sin t dt

F(x)

x 1

sin t dt

F(x)

3x 0

2t dt

F(x)

sin x 0

2t dt

G(x)

F(x) C

x a

f (t) dt

F(x) C

a a

f (t) dt

F(a) C

0,

C

F (a)

b a

f (t) dt

F(b) C

b a

f (t) dt

F(b)

F(a)

F(b)

F(a)

b a

f (t) dt

h(t )
5 0

h(t) dt

v(t )
10 3

v(t) dt

b(t )
6 2

b(t) dt

v(t ) x(t )

t

2

t 10
t 2 t 10

t

0)

d dx
cos(x 6 )

x2 0

sin t 3 dt

r (t )

t3

4t 2

6

0 t

8

3.514 1.572

r (t )dt

8 0

r (t )dt

2.667 0

r (t )dt

3.514 1.572

r (t )dt

2.667 0

r (t )dt

t
a (t ) ln(1 2 t )

0

t 1 t 2
1.609 2.555 2.886

0.462

g(x)

x 0

sin t 2 dt

1 x 3

1 x

0

0

x 1.772

1.253 x

2.171

1.772 x 2.507

2.802 x 3

dy dx

3x 2

4x 5

y 2

1, find y 3 .

y

3x 2

4x 5 dx
y 3

y
y

3x 2

4x 5 dx
5x C

x 3 2x 2

1 8 8 10 C

7

C

y

x 3 2x 2

5x 7

y 3

27 18 15 7

23

b a

f x dx

f b

f a

3 2

y dx

y 3 y 2
3 2 3 2

y 2 y dx

y 3 y 3 1

3x 2

4x 5 dx
3 2

y 3

1 (x3 2x 2 5x)

y 3

1

27 18 15
y 3 23

8 8 10

y 3

23

f x

sin x 2 and f 2

5. Find f 1 .

2 1

f x dx f 2 5

f 2
2 1 2 1

f 1

f 1 f 1

f x dx

sin x 2 dx

f 1

5.495

f
f f 0 2 5 f 6

f 2

f 0

f

2

0 2

f x dx

5

1 2 4 2 1 4 4 2 1 4 4 2

9

f
f 2 f 2
2 2

f x dx

5

13

f 6

f

2

6 2

f x dx

5

1 2

22

13 2

f
Area = 4 Area = 2

f 3

5

f 0

f 7

f 9

f 0

f 3

3 0

Area = 9

f x dx

5 4 1

f
f 7 f 3
7 3

f x dx

5 9

4

f 9

f 3

9 3

f x dx

5 9 2

2

0,1 , 3, 5 , 7,
0 1.5 x 5 x 1.5

4 , and 9, 2

f
5 x 8

f
8 x 9

f

f

r t

6e

0.1t

C

95

5 0

6e

0.1t

dt

71.392 C

y

2

1 x2

and y 1

6. Find y 3 .

f x

cos 2x and f 0

3. Find f

4

.

dW dt

1 dW 600 20t t 2 , where 75 dt

f x

cos x3 and f 0
x2

2. Find f 1 .

f x

e

and f 5

1. Find f 2 .
x t

v t

5sin t 2 .

F t

2t

t
v t t 1 t2

0
s 0 5.

f
1 ex x2

f x

f 3.1

x2 1 x5

f 1

5

f 4

In Problems 11–13, use the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and the given graph. Each tick mark on the axes below represents one unit.

f
4 1

f x dx

6.2 and f 1

3. Find f 4 .

f

f

4 given that f 4

7.

f
f 2 f 1 f 4 f 8 5

32 3 7 2

7

8