CLIFFS OF DOVER

AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS CHECKLISTS

2nd Guards Composite Aviation Regiment
OP2GvSAPINST 3710.1B
7 October 2011

COMBINED STATEMENT
of the Air Ministry and the Reichluftfahrtministerium

The A.M. and the RLM have published the procedures contained in this document based on proven, tested, and approved aircraft operations. Pilots shall not deviate from these procedures. Non-compliance with the published procedures could result in below-standard performance, increased maintenance requirements, and possible disciplinary action should aircraft damage occur as a result of non-comliance.

It has come to our attention that various squadrons and individuals are creating alternate procedures covering all phases of flight. It must be noted, that while these individuals may be considered "aces" or "experten", these procedures have not been tested nor approved by proper channels nor are the authors trained in the proper protocols for procedure generation.

The use of these procedures by R.A.F. or Luftwaffe personnel should be considered "use at risk." Additionally, though anecdotal evidence may suggest that these "unauthorized" procedures are more effective, they are not approved for use by the A.M. or RLM. Using these unauthorized procedures could result in damage to one's own aircraft and could possibly lead to Trial by Courts Martial.

REVISION HISTORY The following Changes have been incorporated into this Revision Revision 3710.1A 3710.1B Date 15 July 2011 7 Oct 2011 Initial Release Add VNO; Edit Temp, Press, etc for ICAO Std Atmos; Clarify DoVA for Hurri/Spit; Combine 87 and 100 Octane Hurri/Spit pages; Reformat Document into Sections by Air Force; Prop Op Page; Weapon Control Box Info; Me 109E4; Tiger Moth; He 111; Description of Revision

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Read Me General Data Royal Air Force Luftwaffe
Sources, References and Acknowledgements Conversion Tables, Airspeed Indicators, Airstart and Combat Checklists, Propellers in COD Operating Data and Checklists: Hurricane, Spitfire, Blenheim, Tiger Moth Operating Data: Me 109, Me 110, Ju 87, Ju 88, He 111 Checklists: Me 109 Gunsight Data, Gun and Ammunition Data, Bomb and Fuze Data; Abwurfgeräte Operation Engine and Airframe Operating Limits

Weapons Data Operating Limits Procedures Emergency

Engine and Flight Procedures

Emergency Procedures
Procedures in BROWN Font may not be supported in the Simulation

Additional Aircraft Errata

Operating Data for Hurricane Fixed Pitch, Bf 108, and Anson

Works in Progress, Known Sim Inaccuracies and Limitations

They are available for the entire Il2: COD community. lifting off not knowing if they would live to see the sun set. Freycinet.2gvsap. we ain't home yet. For the aircraft procedures. I realize that what is presented here may differ from how things are modelled in game. I mostly converted the narrative style and format of the source manual into a checklist format. I would also like to thank the producers. I tried to keep original spellings and word usage where appropriate and to provide some basic translation for German terms. recommendations and encouraging words: Fearlessfrog. of course. I still think everything presented is pretty darn close to accurate. and other historical manuals. many unnamed others.com For comments.quarry. Too many did not. Come visit us at www. incomplete or misleading references. This document includes data for all player pilotable aircraft (except Italian). ammunition and weapons data were derived from historical references. Please visit these sites for an enormous amount of WW2 related information. And please hit the tip jar where appropriate. Posting on SimHQ as 2GvSAP Flea Posting on 1C Company as 2GFlea Game Play Disclaimer Contact Information DISCLAIMER: This is not intended to be a postgraduate research project.org/phpbb3/ This document was created in MS Excel.wwiiaircraftperformance.OPGvSAPINST 3710. bad math skills.org or post on our forums at www. They flew because it was their duty. poor. and this document is not for use in actually flying Real Life (TM) airplanes. Senseispcc. www. Blackdog_kt. All other sections were just crammed into the available space.org About Format Sources References Copyrights Checklists: derived from Bonanza A36 Checklist by Richard Hebert (where known) Luftwaffe Cockpit Drawings Copyright Erwin Weidmer. Ajay. Seventy-one years ago. and. There are errors in this document either through poor or incomplete research.germanluftwaffe. A Note from Flea: Please let us all remember that we are playing a game for entertainment. Compiled by 2GvSAP Flea.net/forum/aviation http://www. Keep at it boys. Semper Fidelis.org http://www.co.German Luftwaffe.1B These checklists were originally developed for my (2GvSAP Flea) own personal use and for use by the Il2based 2GvSAP online squadron for Il2: Cliffs of Dover. However. my agent.htm http://spitfiresite.ww2aircraft. Some conditions.com http://kurfurst. EinsteinEP's wife (for translation). Aircraft Handbuchs. controls. The sources for the data in the checklists were the historical Pilot's Notes. White Owl. let us fly to honor them. Many of those documents are available at the websites listed below.com http://www. the Academy for making this all possible.nildram. but does not include detailed procedures for some of the larger types. Ataros. .uk/miltech. you really like me! Special Thanks Extra Special To Oleg and Ilya for their hard work over the years. and the 2GvSAP squad.2gvsap. but I have attempted to incorporate Cliffs of Dover usage into this publication. Thanks These procedures are derived from the actual aircraft Pilot's Notes and Handbuchs and may not represent the optimum procedures for game play. and pure laziness. You like me.READ ME Title Cliffs of Dover: Aircraft Operations Checklists . or activities included in the checklists may not be available as part of the Cliffs of Dover game. fireship4. Additionally. The majority of my references are pulled from the following websites: http://www. young men took to the skies to fight for their homelands and brothers in arms. Oh.

86 27.82 26.78 11.51 10.84 24.17 12.39 20.000 200 400 400 300 3000 10.10 760 733 706 681 656 632 609 586 564 543 523 429 349 282 psia 14.09 22.75 11.29 6.98 23.23 11.000 600 500 5000 300 16.000 600 18.000 700 7000 22.58 16.67 13.69 12.92 28.34 10.000 400 700 800 700 600 6000 20.ONE AIRSPEED KPH 800 MPH 500 CONVERSION DATA ALTITUDE Meters 8000 Feet 26.17 13.90 23.000 ONE Range Meters Yards 800 24.70 14.82 25.75 5.10 8.000 500 500 14.000 400 4000 12.92 10.22 21.000 300 300 8000 200 100 4000 100 1000 100 2000 6000 200 200 100 2000 000 000 000 000 000 000 International Civil Aviation Organization International Standard Atmosphere Temperature °F 59 55 52 48 45 41 38 34 31 27 23 5 -13 -31 °C 15 13 11 9 7 5 3 1 -1 -3 -5 -15 -25 -35 Altitude Above Sea Level feet meters SL 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 15000 20000 25000 0 305 610 914 1219 1524 1829 2134 2438 2743 3048 4572 6096 7620 Atmospheric Pressure inches Hg mm Hg 29.45 Mach 1 mph 761 758 755 752 750 748 745 742 740 736 734 720 706 693 ONE ONE .89 13.

SET -. Oil.SIX PREPARATION FOR COMBAT NOTE: Combat preparations are conducted upon contact or sighting of unidentified or enemy aircraft.WITHIN OPERATIONAL LIMITS 2. These checks should be completed BEFORE any anticipated contact with enemy aircraft.WITHIN OPERATIONAL LIMITS 8. Recommend "Cruise" for initial settings.Six: Check -.TWO AIRSTART AND COMBAT CHECKLIST AIRSTART TWO NOTE: Upon Airstart. Check -. Oil Pressure -.For Gun Convergence Range 4b.CENTER -.ON 4a.WITHIN OPERATIONAL LIMITS 7. A . S.FOV: Field of View -. Reticle -.Boost 2. Begin Cockpit Scan 9. and Fuel -.OPEN 5.SIX TWO TWO .Radiators: Coolant and Oil Radiators -. Failure to do so in a timely manner WILL result in engine or cooling system damage.As Desired 6. Radiator and Oil Temperature -.NORMAL or RICH 4. E . Though every situation is unique. the pilot must quickly set engine controls for proper flight. Reticle -. Radiator Flaps -. C . S . 1.Engine Controls -.AS REQUIRED 4.RPM 3. Mixture -.For Expected Enemy Aircraft Wingspan 5. Throttle -. T .AS DESIRED 3.Trim -.Track IR: Set Track IR -. G .OPEN 6. Oil Cooler Flaps -.Climb: Set Boost and Pitch to -. Make Other General Preparations For Flight PRE-COMBAT CHECKS NOTE: Pre-combat checks are conducted prior to enterring the expected combat area. 1. Remember SETG-6 .Status: Radiator. these actions will prepare you for most encounters.Settings 2. R . F .AS DESIRED 5.CRUISE -.Gunsight -.Airspeed and Altitude -. These actions are to prepare the aircraft for combat.CRUISE -.AS REQUIRED 3. Remember CRAFTS 1.SET -. Pitch Controls -. T .AS DESIRED 4.CLIMB -.

The "schalter für verstellschraube drehzahl" (switch for adjusting RPM) adjusts the pitch angle (from VDM (Luftwaffe) VP (electric) Startstellung to Reisestellung) of the airscrew. Pitch 20.THREE PROPELLERS IN CLIFFS OF DOVER Propeller Pitch Terminology THREE RAF USAAC Luftwaffe Fine Flat / Low Startstellung (Start Position) Coarse High Reisestellung (Cruise Position) Propeller Types Definition Feathered Feathered Segelstellung (Sail Position) RAF USAAC Luftwaffe Propeller Types Fixed Pitch (FP) Example Tigermoth Hurricane DH5-20. Pitch 10. The CSU governor provides for 35o of pitch change and will automatically adjust the pitch angle to maintain a commanded RPM. 8:30 = Reisestellung Note for Cliffs of Dover: For RAF Aircraft. Adjusting the switch "größer" will increase RPMs by decreasing the pitch angle. This will prevent overspeed until the CSU unit hits the "Full Coarse" stops at which point overspeed becomes possible. Placing the switch in the "segelstllg" position will feather the airscrew. 12:00 = Startstellung. "Fully Coarse" commands "Positive Coarse Lock" at which point the prop will function as a FP prop in the "Fully Coarse" position. Propeller with an automatic pitch changing device that prevents overrevs. 109E-4/B Propeller De Havilland 5-20 (RAF) VP (hydraulic) Operation The DH 5-20 VP propeller functions as a pilot selectable two pitch prop. For Luftwaffe Aircraft. The Rotol is a VP prop with a CSU. May be fully variable or limited to a defined set of positions. Moving the Propeller Pitch Control selects the pitch angle (fine or coarse). Blenheim MkIV Propeller Pitch Angle is fixed and cannot be changed. Additionally. THREE THREE . Susceptible to overspeed/overrev. May be switched off. Governor maintains a commanded RPM and prevents propeller overspeed/overrev. Adjusting the lever "kleiner" will decrease RPMs by increasing the pitch angle. Retarding the Pitch Control commands a lower RPM setting. o Rotol (RAF) CS (hydraulic) The VDM propeller functions as a fully adjustable variable pitch prop. Spitfire MkII. commanding Pitch Increase or Pitch Decrease actually increases or decreases pitch. commanding Pitch Increase or Pitch Decrease actually Increases or Decreases RPM. Pitch 10. etc will not work for Luftwaffe Aircraft with Electrical Pitch Adjustment Switches. Pitch Ranges from 5 (Fully Fine) to 20o (Fully Coarse). Propeller Pitch Angle may be changed by the pilot in flight. Variable Pitch Propeller governed by a Constant Speed Unit (CSU). The Propeller Pitch Control commands the governor to maintain a constant RPM. VDM Automatik (Luftwaffe) LV The LV propeller electrically provides a pitch setting for every throttle position to maintain a given RPM thus coupling throttle and pitch (boost and RPM) to provide optimum performance. every throttle position has a corresponding RPM that is maintained within narrow limits by the automatic device. (electric) Luftschraube Stellungsanzeige The Propeller Position Indicator is a clock mechanism used to indicate the pitch of the propeller. etc will only work for RAF Aircraft with a moveable lever. Propeller Operations Variable Pitch (VP) Constant Speed (CS) Luftschauben Verstellautomatik (LV) Bf 109E-4. Pitch 20. Spitfire MkIa. "Fully Fine" commands "maximum RPM". Fine Pitch will result in higher RPMs and Coarse Pitch will result in lower RPMs for a given throttle setting. Bf 109E-3 Hurricane Rotol.

The Jumo 211 B/D Series engines are Direct Fuel Injection engines and do not have a pilot selectable mixture control. Above 5000 feet.A1 Jumo 211 B/D Engine Operation Moving the lever increases the coffee flow so the hamsters run faster increasing the speed of the big fan in front that frightens the air molecules out of the way so that the airplane moves forward. An interlocking arrangement returns the mixture control to RICH when the throttle is closed. Single Mixture Lever has 2 operating positions only: NORMAL and WEAK. The DB 601 Series engines are Direct Fuel Injection engines and do not have a pilot selectable mixture control. Note: Mixture Control moves AFT for RICH and FORWARD for WEAK. FOUR FOUR . Or something like that. Mixture returns automatically to NORMAL when throttle is closed or opened beyond the CRUISING gate.XII Mercury XV DB 601 A . mixture ajustment should not cause a drop in RPM.FOUR Engine Gypsy Major ENGINES IN CLIFFS OF DOVER Mixture Control Operation FOUR Mixture Lever in rear cockpit has 2 operating positions only: RICH and WEAK. Throttle Control Merlin II . I haven't written this section yet. In other words. Mixture Lever has 2 operating positions only: RICH (NORMAL) and WEAK. The mixture should be set to RICH at all times under 5000 feet.

ROYAL AIR FORCE .

ONE Hurricane MkI KPH 800 MPH 500 800 KPH RAF AIRSPEED DATA Spitfire MkI MPH 500 800 ONE Tiger Moth I KPH MPH 500 800 Spitfire MkII KPH MPH 500 Blenheim MkIV KPH 800 MPH 500 700 700 700 700 700 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 600 600 500 500 500 500 500 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 200 100 200 100 200 100 200 100 200 100 100 100 100 100 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS VS VNO VNE VS0 VNE VNO VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE VFE Never Exceed Speed Max Structural Cruising Speed Max. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed Never Exceed in Any Operation Max Speed in Normal Operations (rarely used in WW2 aircraft) Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed ONE ONE .

0 45.meters (yds) <= .70 32.56 22. Lethal Range Centered on Convergence 193 (211) 177 (194) 160 (175) 144 (157) 128 (140) 112 (122) 96 (105) 81 (89) 240 (262) 220 (241) 200 (219) 180 (197) 160 (175) 140 (153) 120 (131) 100 (109) 287 (314) 263 (288) 240 (262) 216 (236) 192 (210) 168 (184) 144 (157) 119 (130) Gun Numbering Hurricane MkI Spitfire MkI/II 1-4 5-8 1-4 5-8 Not to Scale ONE ONE .92 35.61 25.4 36.37 24.87 10.58 24.8 82 84 89 93 93 138 153 170 183 189 191 201 278 Range (m) Range (yds) 90 91 97 102 102 151 167 186 200 206 209 220 304 ONE Range (ft) 270 274 292 305 305 453 500 558 599 619 626 659 913 GM2 MKII SIGHT (118 mils) Rg of AC when wingtips touch Sight Ring Lethal Range: where cone of fire is less than the width of the fuselage at the cockpit (approx .3 53.99 15.30 18.ONE Luftwaffe Aircraft Fiat CR.80 16.5 59.61 10.48 11.96 23.42 Bf-109E Bf 108B-2 Fiat G.7 73.50 23.8m Spitfire Convergence .1 65.69 21.83 19.8 77.meters (yds) Lethal Range Centered on Convergence 205 (224) 188 (206) 171 (187) 154 (168) 137 (150) 119 (130) 102 (112) 85 (93) 240 (262) 220 (241) 200 (219) 180 (197) 160 (175) 140 (153) 120 (131) 100 (109) 275 (301) 252 (276) 229 (250) 206 (225) 183 (200) 161 (176) 138 (151) 115 (126) Hurricane Convergence .8 32.4m from Sight Line is Lethal Area (Approx width of fuselage at Cockpit.79 11.4 34.1 73.50 Ju-87B-2 Bf-110C Do 17Z-1 Ju-88A-1 Fiat BR20M He 115B-2 He-111H-2 He 59C-2 FW 200C-1 ROYAL AIR FORCE SIGHT DATA Wingspan Meters 9.28 22.85 Yards 10.93 Feet 31.08 21.09 17.9 70.8 107.96 13.50 10.70 9.00 20.

72hD. . 12hD.025sD. 1sD. 1sD. 11sD 0. GP 500 GP 250.025sD. 11sD 0.Ba(NO3)2 Notes Pentolite: 50% PETN and 50% TNT Burns = Incendiary Composition (usually Phosphorus) is ignited on firing and burns during flight Flash = Incendiary Ignition or small HE Burst on impact with target Slow Tracer = Delayed tracer ignition for Night use Bombs Country RAF Nomen GP 250 MkIV GP 500 MkIV Nomen No 27 MkI No 42 MkI RAF Pistols No 44 MkI No 28 MkIIx GP GP Medium Alt Ever-Ready GP GP Type Type WT (lbs/kg) 250 / 113 500 / 227 Pistols Weapon Settings 0.Mg/Al. 11sD 0. . 11sD Bomb Type GP 250. etc TWO TWO . 144hD Settings: 0 = Instantaneous. GP 500 GP 250.025sD.025sD. GP 500 Fuze All All Aircraft Blenheim MkIV Blenheim MkIV Notes No 30 MkIIIx Unadjustable NA No 37 MkIV Delay 6hD. GP 500 GP 250.) SR379: Incendiary Mixture of Aluminum/Magnesium Alloy and Barium Nitrate . 36hD. GP 500 GP 250.12sD. 1sD. 8sD = 8 second Delay. . GP 500 GP 250. .TWO Weapon ROYAL AIR FORCE WEAPON DATA RAF Machinegun Ammunition Nomen Mk I Mk VI Mk VII B Mk Iz B Mk VI G Mk I Ball Ball Ball Incend Incend Tracer Tracer Tracer Tracer Tracer Tracer AP Observer Ball HE HE-T Pentolite Pentolite Red Ph SR379 500 yd 1000 yd 800 yd 550 yd 550 yd 550 yd Yellow Yellow Red Yellow Burgandy Yellow Yes Type Fill Burnout Tracer Color Smoke Trail TWO Notes Burns Schauzeichen Browning .303 G Mk II cal G Mk III G Mk IV G Mk V G Mk VIz W Mk Iz O Mk I Hispano MkI Mk Iz 20mm Slow Tracer Steel Core Fill: Ph (Phosph. . 1sD. 6hD = 6 hour Delay.

/sq. Normal Operating Range. of this high boost pressure is a definite overload condition on the Boost will drop above this height. ONE ONE . FINE should be used for Engine Run Up.380 MPH 380 MPH Take Off 5 min +6.25 PSI 2600 Rich Climb 30 min +6. emergency. 2095 dated April 1943: Variable Pitch Propellors: DH Variable Pitch Propellors (DH 5-20) are directly controlled by the pilot and have TWO settings.P. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.25 PSI 3000 Rich Cbt Emer Limited +12 PSI * 3000 Rich Description Full Flap Operating Range.25 PSI 3000 Rich Climb 30 min +6. Weight VS . Lower Limit is Max. Note: Hurricane MkI Checklist Based on Pilot's Notes for Hurricane MkI with Merlin II.A. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range 55 . Requires the use of 100 Octane Fuel.25 PSI 3600 Rich Operating Pressures Fuel = 1. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. Take Off. FINE and COURSE. must be reported by the pilot and recorded in the engine log book so that the engineer officer may be able to assess the reduction in life between overhauls and the need for special inspections. The use. The Boost Control Cut-Out enables higher boost pressures. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Will maintain +12 PSI boost to about 10k feet. in an 2. Mar 1939 Fuel 87/100 Oct MPH 380 120 150 NA 80 NA 72 55 157 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.in.2 PSI Brake >= 120 PSI 100 Octane 87 Octane LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS Oil Pressure Emer Min = 45 PSI Normal = 60 PSI Oil Temperature Min = 15o C Max = 90o C Emergency Max = 95o C Coolant Temperature Normal = 95o C Min = 70o C Max = 120o C Overboost Note *Use of +12lb/sqin Boost: AP1590B/J2-W 1. and Pilot's Notes for Spitfire MkI with Merlin III (Excerpts) and Spitfire MkII with Merlin XII. and Landing with COURSE used in all other stages of flight. Weight VS0 . Max engine and therefore all occasions on which it is essential to make use of this (unregulated) boost = +17PSI +12lb.25 PSI 3000 Rich Take Off 5 min +6.75 .5 PSI 2600 Rich Max Cruise Cont +4.ONE Aircraft Type Hurricane Mk I Hurricane Mk I Engine & Prop Merlin III / Rotol CSP ONE Reference Pilot's Notes: AP 1564A.25 PSI 2600 Weak Max Dive 20 sec +6. Lower Limit is Max.25 PSI 3600 Rich Max Dive 20 sec +6. Pilot's Notes General . Low Speed Climb.120 MPH 72 . Max Cruise Cont +4.25 PSI 2600 Weak Max Cruise Cont +2.5 PSI 2600 Rich Max Cruise Cont +2.25 PSI 2600 Rich Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Cbt Emer Limited +6.

RESERVE 3. Mixture -.80 RPM 7c. Do not change fuel distributer cock until take off has been accomplished to prevent interruption of fuel flow. Test Magnetos: Full Throttle. Fuel Pressure: Main Tank -. Boost -. run up and take off should be on reserve tank.FLAPS UP -.TWO GREEN --lights 2. Oil Pressure -.TWO Hurricane Mk I PRELIMINARIES 1.No More Than -. Keep -.Until Coolant Temperature Rises 4.2400 RPM --. Throttle Down Slightly to Observe RPM maintained at 2400 RPM.. do not exhaust the contents of the reserve or main tanks before switching to the other fuel tank.+6. Select -.Gate. Check Throttle Lever Friction Adjustment TWO STARTING ENGINE NOTE: NOTE: For full Particulars of the Merlin III engine see A.FIVE -. Throttle Lever Forward -. *** IMPORTANT *** To prevent any danger of air locks in the fuel system. Main and Starting Magneto Switches -.UP -. Harness Release -. Reserve Tank -.SATISFACTORY 14. Oil Pressure -. Check fuel tank levels and determine which to use for run-up and take-off.CLOSED -.MAIN TANK 13. 2.30 SECONDS 11.1 OR 2 -. In Cold Weather. Throttle at RATED Gate.15o C --.75 . Switch on Light Indicator and Check for -. Pitch Controls Fully Forward to -.PRESS AND HOLD -.70o C CHECKING ENGINE AND INSTALLATIONS NOTE: The throttle may be opened fully only for the shortest periods necessary for the checks to be made.Pumps of Primer 12.25 .OPEN and LOCKED 5.FINE PITCH 5.OPEN --.at NORMAL Temperature 7b. If Engine Fails to Start Immediately.2850 7a-3.5 INCH 6.RPM Drop Less Than -.25 PSI 7a-2. 1. Fuel Distributer Cock -. Volume I.60 PSI -.Position 6. Return Pitch to -.2. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -. Warm at Fast Tick-over Until Oil Temperature -. *** IMPORTANT *** The engine should on no account be opened up with the airscrew in coarse pitch (control lever back) as the blade angle is too coarse and severe detonation will result. Brake Air Pressure -. Radiator Temperature -. Make Other General Preparations For Flight 7.1590B. the engine should be supplied from the reserve tank as this provides a gravity feed.Shots of Fuel 8. Hood -. Select -.Position 3. Open Throttle to -. Safety Catch of Hydraulic Selector Covers Chasis -. 1. For starting purposes. RPM -.RATED -. Fuel Distributer Cock -.CHECK 5.FULLY FINE 8.FLAPS DOWN -.P.100 PSI TWO TWO .OPEN 7.2750 . Radiator Flap -. Reduce Pitch Slowly until -.CLEAR 9. Propeller Area -. Check Hydraulic Engine Pump: Operate Flaps. Ensure two men hold down the tail 7a-1.3 PSI 2. Check Hydraulic Hand Pump: Return Flaps. Pitch Full Forward (Fine) . Upon Engine START.2 PSI --. Starting Switch -.RICH 4. Then -. Starting Magneto to -.FIXED -.then Depress Operating Lever 3.1.then Operating Hand Lever 4. Movement of the Flying Controls -.OFF -. If main tanks are less than 1/2 full.. Radiator Shutter Fully -.ON 10.

open to full throttle and take-off by holding the aeroplane to a constant attitude. 2850 RPM.Adjusting Attitude to Maintain Speed SUBSEQUENT ACTIONS: Perform When Ready 5.Max 120o C -.MAIN -.UP 4. Parking Brake -.Position 2. 30 Min Limit 1. Select Flaps -.Tanks 5.UP -. Engine Controls: Adjust Throttle and Pitch as Required 10.UP -.RATED (+6. and move forward slowly to straighten up the tail wheel.FULLY FINE -.Pitch Control -.FULLY CLOSE 8.MAIN -.Trimming Tabs: Elevator Trim for Take-off.140 MPH ASI -. F . Radiator Shutter -.25 PSI Boost -. Hood -.Press Op Lever Until Flap Indicator Shows -. but must invariably be checked before every take-off. Radiator Shutter -. Some of this may already have been done.2850 RPM 3. T .> 90 MPH -.(Lever Fully Forward) 4. Throttle -.Fuel Distributor Cock -.60 PSI 7. Press & Hold Operating Lever Until -. M . and carry out the Drill of Vital Actions.RICH 3.ASI.Divisions 6. Return Selector Lever to -.THREE 1.UP --. 1.CENTRAL -. stop across wind.TWO -. Fuel Distributor Cock -. Engine Management -. Brakes Can Be Used With Confidence 4.Indicator -.Position for Undercarraige Lever o TAKE-OFF NOTE: Turn into wind.DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS NOTE: On reaching the take-off position. Check Radiator and Oil Temperature 11. Correct tendency to swing by coarse rudder control. a steep angle of climb should not be attempted.CLOSE 9.Red Lights On 1.FULLY OPEN 3.Adjust Radiator Shutter as Required 2. Radiator Temperatures -. Firm push on Control Column to raise the tail. Accelerate to -. Indicator In -. Flaps . Check Brake Pressure During Prolonged Taxying THREE FINAL PREPARATION FOR T-O . facing the aerodrome circuit. A convienent catch-phrase is applied to this drill "TMPF and Flaps" . Oil Inlet Temperature -.BOTH -. Raise Undercarraige: Select Wheels -.Max 90o C THREE THREE .NEUTRAL 2.Tank 6.+6. NOTE: As a safeguard in the event of engine failure. Oil Pressure -. Aim at clearing aerodrome boundary by a small margin. Pitch -. steady the aeroplane. Begin Cockpit Scan CLIMBING The optimum full throttle indicated climbing speed is 170 MPH. ACTIONS AFTER TAKING-OFF IMMEDIATE ACTIONS: Upon Ensuring Gaining SPEED and ALTITUDE 1.Depress To -.28 -.+6.a.at -.25 PSI Boost. Hydraulic Selector Gate to Uncover -.RELEASED Hurricane Mk I TAXYING OUT 2. P .25 PSI Boost) --.Mixture Control -. Raise Flaps at -.

OFF 3.DOWN . Undercarriage -. A convienent catch-phrase is applied to this drill.UP 3.DOWN --. If landing without engine is inevitable. Slow Running Cut Out -. Press Oil Valve Operating Lever or Operate Hand Pump LANDING Non Engine Assisted Approach: 90 MPH ASI Engine Assisted Approach: 80 MPH ASI Brakes -. Flaps -.Use With Confidence MISLANDING 1. Check Brake Pressure: Before Landing -. Maps -.NOSE DOWN 2. Press Undercarriage Emergency Release Knobs with -. Ignition and Fuel Cocks -. after which select wheels "DOWN" immediately. 1.ASI 2. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TURN 5. when appraoching the lee side of the aerodrome. Flaps Up Approach: Increase Approach Speed by -.OFF UNDERCARRIAGE EMERGENCY OPERATION If difficulty is experienced in selecting wheels "DOWN". and Flaps" . Undercarriage -.150 MPH -.FULLY FINE -.UP 3.DOWN SHUTTING DOWN 1. Approach and Land as Normal. Reduce Speed to -.OFF --. Land with Undercarriage -.OFF FORCED LANDING OWING TO ENGINE FAILURE Maintain ample gliding speed.OFF 4. Attitude -. the first and foremost essential is maintain ample flying speed.DOWN ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKE-OFF In case of engine failure during takeoff.GREEN -.AS REQUIRED 5. select wheels "UP" again and press the operating lever for 15 seconds or operate the hand pump.FULL THROTTLE 2.FOUR Hurricane Mk I APPROACH 1. Switch Undercarriage Indicator -. Mixture -. Undercarraige: Engine Pump: Select Gear -.DOWN .. Undercarraige: Hand Pump: Select Gear -.10 MPH -.AS DETERMINED -. Reduce Speed to -. Flaps and Gear -.STOW 4. Hood -.(Lever Fully Forward) 3. Land Straight Ahead.Pitch Control -. Fuel Cocks -. P .UP -. Operate Hand Pump Until -.PULL and HOLD -.DOWN 4.OFF 2.P. Flaps: Select Flaps -.ASI FOUR DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS FOR LANDING NOTE: This should be carried out quickly and decisively when the right moment arrives.If in Doubt.and Select Wheels -.ASI 2.GREEN -. act as the following: 1. Flaps -. Taxi to Park.NORMAL 3.OPEN and LOCK 2. select a landing ground. glide toward it and try to rectify the trouble.UP 5.AS REQUIRED -. Radiator Shutter -. Press Operating Lever Until -.Use Hand Pump FOUR FOUR . Fuel Cocks and Switches -.BOTH FEET -. 1.90 MPH -.a.Lamps Light 2. 1.Lamps Light 1. Indicator Lights and Other Electrical Equipment -.Position 6. Ignition -.OPEN 2. Safety Catch of Hydraulic Selector Covers Chasis -. Select Flaps -. "U. or the wheels fail to drop (indicated by the failure of the RED lights to extinguish).>120 PSI 6. Power -. Radiator -.

ONE
Aircraft Type
Spitfire Mk Ia

Spitfire Mk I
Engine & Prop
Merlin III / Rotol CSP

ONE
Reference
Pilot's Notes: AP 1565A; Date

Fuel
87/100 Oct MPH 450 140 160 NA NA NA 79 71 160 NA

AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range 71 - 140 MPH 79 - 450 MPH 450 MPH
Take Off 5 min +6.25 PSI 3000 Rich Take Off 5 min +6.25 PSI 3000 Rich Climb 30 min +6.25 PSI 2600 Rich Climb 30 min +6.25 PSI 2600 Rich Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed

AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES
ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line
Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Cbt Emer Limited +6.25 PSI 3000 Rich Cbt Emer Limited +12 PSI * 3000 Rich

Description
Full Flap Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max. Weight VS0 . Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended. Normal Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max. Weight VS . Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Max Cruise Cont +4.5 PSI 2600 Rich Max Cruise Cont +4.5 PSI 2600 Rich Max Cruise Cont +2.25 PSI 2600 Weak Max Cruise Cont +2.25 PSI 2600 Weak Max Dive 20 sec +6.25 PSI 3600 Rich Max Dive 20 sec +6.25 PSI 3600 Rich Operating Pressures Fuel = 2.5 - 3 PSI Brake >= 120 PSI 100 Octane 87 Octane

LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS

Oil Pressure Emer Min = 45 PSI Normal = 60 PSI

Oil Temperature Min = 15o C Max = 90o C Emergency Max = 95o C

Coolant Temperature Normal = 100o C Min = 70o C Max = 120o C Overboost Note

*Use of +12lb/sqin Boost: AP1590B/J2-W 1. Requires the use of 100 Octane Fuel.

The Boost Control Cut-Out enables higher boost pressures. The use, in an 2. Will maintain +12 PSI boost to about 10k feet. emergency, of this high boost pressure is a definite overload condition on the Boost will drop above this height. Max engine and therefore all occasions on which it is essential to make use of this (unregulated) boost = +17PSI +12lb./sq.in. must be reported by the pilot and recorded in the engine log book so that the engineer officer may be able to assess the reduction in life between overhauls and the need for special inspections. Pilot's Notes General - A.P. 2095 dated April 1943: Variable Pitch Propellors: DH Variable Pitch Propellors (DH 5-20) (Spitfire MkI) are directly controlled by the pilot and have TWO settings, FINE and COURSE. FINE should be used for Engine Run Up, Take Off, Low Speed Climb, and Landing with COURSE used in all other stages of flight. Note: Spitfire MkI Checklist Based on Pilot's Notes for Spitfire MkI with Merlin III (Excerpts) and Pilot's Notes for Spitfire MkII with Merlin XII for Engine Management and Operation.

ONE

ONE

TWO
1. Ignition switches -- OFF

Spitfire Mk I
PRELIMINARIES
2. Undercarraige Selector Lever Position -- DOWN -- gate; Indicator Shows -- IDLE 3. Switch on Light Indicator and Check for -- GREEN --lights 4. Flaps -- UP 5. Landing Lamps -- UP 6. Wheel Brakes -- ON 7. Fuel Contents -- CHECK 8. Movement of the Flying Controls -- CHECK

TWO

STARTING ENGINE
NOTE: NOTE: For full Details of the Merlin XII engine see A.P.1590B, Volume I. Whenever possible the pilot should start the engine himself; this will ensure that he will have ample time to carry out all of the checks, and that unecessary running of the engine is avoided. 1. Mixture -- NORMAL 2. Pitch Controls Fully Forward to -- FINE PITCH 3. Radiator Shutter Fully -- OPEN 4. Raise Both Fuel Cock Levers to -- ON 5. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -- FIVE -- Shots of Fuel 6. Propeller Area -- CLEAR 7. Switch Ignition --ON --; Throttle -- OPEN SLIGHTLY 8. Starting Switch -- PRESS AND HOLD -- No More Than -- 30 SECONDS NOTE: Do not oscillate the throttle lever, but open it slowly to get the engine running smootly at a fast tick-over; if the engine begins to fade, or "spit-back", close the throttle quickly and open it up again very slowly. 9. Oil Pressure -- SATISFACTORY o o 10. Warm at Fast Tick-over Until Oil Temperature -- 15 C --; Radiator Temperature -- 70 C

TESTING ENGINE AND INSTALLATIONS
NOTE: The engine should not be run at full power for more than a few seconds - just long enough to test magnetos and observe oil pressure, boost and r.p.m.

*** IMPORTANT ***
The engine should on no account be opened up with the airscrew in coarse pitch (control lever back) as the blade angle is too coarse and severe detonation will result. 1. Fuel Pressure -- 2.5 - 3 PSI 2. Brake Pressure - Reservoir Pressure at least -- 120 PSI 3. Pneumatic Systems - Cycle Flaps -- DOWN -- and -- UP 4. Set Altimeter and Directional Gyro 5. Hood -- LOCKED OPEN --; Emergency Exit Door at -- HALF COCK -- Position 6. Harness Release -- FIXED -- Position 7. Make Other General Preparations For Flight NOTE: Warming up should not be unduly prolonged, as the temperature rises quickly, and some margin must be kept in hand for taxying. If it is 130 o before the aeroplane taxies out, it will become excessive if there is any distance to taxy downwind. The engine should not idle for any length of time in a light wind, and the aircraft should always face into the wind. 8. Open Throttle to -- RATED -- Gate. Ensure two men hold down the tail 8a-1. Boost -- +6.25 PSI 8a-2. RPM -- 2750 - 2850 8a-3. Oil Pressure -- 60 PSI -- at NORMAL Temperature 8b. Test Magnetos: Full Throttle, Pitch Full Forward (Fine) - RPM Drop Less Than -- 80 RPM 8c. Throttle at RATED Gate; Reduce Pitch Slowly until -- 2400 RPM --. Throttle Down Slightly to Observe RPM maintained at 2400 RPM. Return Pitch to -- FULLY FINE 8d. Wave Away Chocks

TWO

TWO

THREE
1. Parking Brake -- RELEASED 2. Radiator Shutter -- FULLY OPEN

Spitfire Mk I
TAXYING OUT
3. Brake Pressure -- CHECK --. If failure during taxi, apply FULL Brake immediately. 4a. Use the brakes as little as possible in taxying, in order to save wear 4b. Do not relax throttle tension in order to prevent throttle coming back during take off 4c. Clear Engine before take off by increasing to moderate rpm against fully held brakes

THREE

FINAL PREPARATION FOR T-O - DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS
NOTE: On reaching the take-off position, stop across wind, facing the aerodrome circuit, and carry out the Drill of Vital Actions. Some of this may already have been done, but must invariably be checked before every take-off. A convienent catch-phrase is applied to this drill "TMP and Flaps" . 1. T - Trimming Tabs -- Elevator One Division Nose Down; Rudder Central 2. M - Mixture Control -- NORMAL 3. P - Pitch Control -- FULLY FINE -- (Lever Fully Forward) 4. Flaps -- UP NOTE: The aeroplane would, however, take-off with flaps down, and if, by a serious omission of drill, the pilot leaves them down, he must on no account raise them until speed is at least 120 mph ASI at a safe height.

TAKING-OFF
NOTE: Turn into wind, steady the aeroplane, and move forward slowly to straighten up the tail wheel; open to full throttle and take-off by holding the aeroplane to a constant attitude. The tail need not be raised much. Correct tendency to swing by coarse rudder control. Hold down to almost level flight.

ACTIONS AFTER TAKING-OFF
IMMEDIATE ACTIONS: Upon Ensuring Gaining SPEED and ALTITUDE 1. Undercarriage -- RAISE -- Check Red Indicator Light -- UP -- is On 2. Throttle -- RATED (+6.25 PSI Boost) --; Pitch -- 2850 RPM 3. Accelerate to -- 185 MPH ASI -- at -- +6.25 PSI Boost -- Adjusting Attitude to Maintain Speed SUBSEQUENT ACTIONS: Perform When Ready 4. Oil Pressure -- 60 PSI 5. Emergency Exit Door -- FULLY CLOSE --; Hood -- FULLY CLOSE 6. Radiator Shutter -- CLOSE 7. Engine Controls: Adjust Throttle and Pitch as Required 8. Check Radiator and Oil Temperature 9. Begin Cockpit Scan

CLIMBING
Engine Management -- +6.25 PSI Boost, 2850 RPM, 30 Min Limit 1. Radiator Temperatures -- Max 120o C -- Adjust Radiator Shutter as Required 2. Oil Inlet Temperature -- Max 90o C

THREE

THREE

FULLY FINE -. Taxi to Park.FULL THROTTLE 3. Maps -. Approach and Land as Normal. If indicators still do not show fully DOWN and LOCKED.UP -. A convienent catch-phrase is applied to this drill. Flaps -. Undercarriage Emergency Lever -. Hood -.OFF 4. Fuel Cocks and Switches -.FOUR 1. "U.OPEN 3. Slow Running Cut Out -.UP 3. When the light comes on.DOWN 4.DOWN -. 1. If GREEN indicators do not show fully DOWN and LOCKED.Use With Care MISLANDING 1.120 MPH ASI PROCEDURE AFTER LANDING 1. If landing without engine is inevitable. Fuel Cocks -. Indicator Lights and Other Electrical Equipment -. Ignition and Fuel Cocks -.Undercarriage -.is On 2. when appraoching the lee side of the aerodrome. Undercarriage -. Radiator -. Flaps -.NORMAL 3. the first and foremost essential is maintain ample flying speed. act as the following: 1. Mixture -. Power -. U. and Flaps" .On Final Approach NOTE: If the undercarriage green indicator light does not come ON. Attitude -. P .UP 3.FORWARD and DOWN After use.Check Green Indicator Light -.If in Doubt. glide toward it and try to rectify the trouble. Land with Undercarriage -. Radiator Shutter -. 1. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TURN 5. LANDING Non Engine Assisted Approach: 90 MPH ASI Engine Assisted Approach: 80 .OFF --. Flaps -. Undercarriage -.OFF UNDERCARRIAGE EMERGENCY OPERATION 1. the EMERGENCY LOWERING SYSTEM should be used. Inspect and refill the hydraulic system ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKE-OFF In case of engine failure during takeoff.OPEN and LOCK 2.STOW 4. Flaps -.85 MPH ASI Brakes -. Land Straight Ahead.AS REQUIRED Spitfire Mk I PRELIMINARY APPROACH FOUR DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS FOR LANDING NOTE: This should be carried out quickly and decisively when the right moment arrives.After Attaining -.Pitch Control -.NOSE DOWN 2.UP 2.DOWN -.DOWN NOTE: NOTE: 2.AS REQUIRED FOUR FOUR ..(Lever Fully Forward) 3.DOWN -. Undercarriage -. Flaps -.P. Ignition -.AS DETERMINED -. hold the lever hard back in the LOWER position. cycle the undercarriage UP then repeat lowering the undercarriage. select a landing ground.OFF 2.PULL and HOLD -. release lever to IDLE position.OFF FORCED LANDING OWING TO ENGINE FAILURE NOTE: Maintain ample gliding speed. replace the CO2 cylinder and seal the lever.

Normal Operating Range. Note: Spitfire MkII Checklist Based on Pilot's Notes for Spitfire MkII with Merlin XII.A. Max engine and therefore all occasions on which it is essential to make use of this (unregulated) boost = +17PSI +12lb. Weight VS0 . 2095 dated April 1943: Variable Pitch Propellors: DH Variable Pitch Propellors (DH 5-20) (Spitfire MkI) are directly controlled by the pilot and have TWO settings. Take Off. Pilot's Notes General . FINE and COURSE. emergency. and Landing with COURSE used in all other stages of flight. Lower Limit is Max.450 MPH 450 MPH All Out Level 5 min +7 PSI 3000 Normal All Out Level 5 min +9 PSI 3000 Normal Climb 30 min +7 PSI 2850 Normal Climb 30 min +9 PSI 2850 Normal Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Take-Off 1000' or 3 min +9 PSI 3000 Normal Take-Off 1000' or 3 min +12 PSI 3000 Normal Description Full Flap Operating Range.in. Max Cruise Cont +5 PSI 2650 Normal Max Cruise Cont +7 PSI 2650 Normal Max Cruise Cont +2. Requires the use of 100 Octane Fuel. of this high boost pressure is a definite overload condition on the Boost will drop above this height. FINE should be used for Engine Run Up.3 PSI Brake >= 120 PSI 100 Octane 87 Octane LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS Oil Pressure Emer Min = 45 PSI Normal = 60 PSI Oil Temperature Min = 15o C Max = 90o C Emergency Max = 95o C Coolant Temperature Normal = 100o C Min = 60o C Max = 120o C Overboost Note *Use of +12lb/sqin Boost: AP1590B/J2-W 1.5 ./sq. must be reported by the pilot and recorded in the engine log book so that the engineer officer may be able to assess the reduction in life between overhauls and the need for special inspections. Weight VS . in an 2.ONE Aircraft Type Spitfire Mk II Spitfire Mk II Engine & Prop Merlin XII / Rotol CSP ONE Reference Pilot's Notes: AP 1565B.P. Lower Limit is Max. Maximum Speed for ALL operations.5 PSI 2650 Weak Max Cruise Cont +3. Will maintain +12 PSI boost to about 10k feet. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.140 MPH 79 . ONE ONE . July 1940 Fuel 87/100 Oct MPH 450 140 160 NA NA NA 79 71 160 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.75 PSI 2650 Weak Max Dive 20 sec +9 PSI 3600 Normal Max Dive 20 sec +9 PSI 3600 Normal Operating Pressures Fuel = 2. The Boost Control Cut-Out enables higher boost pressures. Low Speed Climb. The use. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range 71 . Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.

Test Magnetos: Full Throttle. Fuel Pressure -. Pitch Controls Fully Forward to -.15 C --.2400 RPM --. Fuel Contents -. and some margin must be kept in hand for taxying.OPEN 4.UP 5. Ensure two men hold down the tail 8a-1. Oil Pressure -. Throttle -.2750 . Boost -.RATED -. or "spit-back". Cartridge Starting: Switch Ignition --ON --.Position 6.Shots of Fuel 6. The engine should not idle for any length of time in a light wind.m. Return Pitch to -.CHECK TWO STARTING ENGINE NOTE: NOTE: For full Details of the Merlin XII engine see A. Volume I. this will ensure that he will have ample time to carry out all of the checks.HALF COCK -.120 PSI 3.just long enough to test magnetos and observe oil pressure.2850 8a-3. If it is 130 o before the aeroplane taxies out.5 .ON 7.DOWN -. if the engine begins to fade.Reservoir Pressure at least -.FIVE -.+9 PSI 8a-2. Wheel Brakes -.IDLE 3. and that unecessary running of the engine is avoided.NORMAL 2.OPEN SLIGHTLY 8. Ignition switches -. Mixture -.TWO 1. Propeller Area -. Landing Lamps -. Open Throttle to -. Set Altimeter and Directional Gyro 5.FIXED -. Warm at Fast Tick-over Until Oil Temperature -.Starter Button Until Engine is Firing Evenly NOTE: Do not oscillate the throttle lever.FINE PITCH 3.RPM Drop Less Than -. Emergency Exit Door at -.UP 4. Oil Pressure -.FULLY FINE 8d.Cycle Flaps -.OFF Spitfire Mk II PRELIMINARIES 2. Indicator Shows -.Gate. as the temperature rises quickly.80 RPM 8c.DOWN -. 8. Hood -. Whenever possible the pilot should start the engine himself. Harness Release -. Flaps -.1590P. 1.UP 6.LOCKED OPEN --. Make Other General Preparations For Flight NOTE: Warming up should not be unduly prolonged. and the aircraft should always face into the wind. *** IMPORTANT *** The engine should on no account be opened up with the airscrew in coarse pitch (control lever back) as the blade angle is too coarse and severe detonation will result. Throttle Down Slightly to Observe RPM maintained at 2400 RPM.Position 7. it will become excessive if there is any distance to taxy downwind.2. Radiator Temperature -.CHECK 8. Movement of the Flying Controls -.70 C TESTING ENGINE AND INSTALLATIONS NOTE: The engine should not be run at full power for more than a few seconds . Wave Away Chocks TWO TWO . Switch on Light Indicator and Check for -.CLEAR 7.P.3 PSI 2. PRESS -.and -. 9. Brake Pressure . Undercarraige Selector Lever Position -. Radiator Shutter Fully -. Pneumatic Systems .SATISFACTORY o o 10.at NORMAL Temperature 8b.GREEN --lights 4.gate. close the throttle quickly and open it up again very slowly. RPM -. 1. Raise Both Fuel Cock Levers to -. but open it slowly to get the engine running smootly at a fast tick-over. Throttle at RATED Gate.ON 5.60 PSI -.p. Reduce Pitch Slowly until -. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -. boost and r. Pitch Full Forward (Fine) .

DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS NOTE: On reaching the take-off position. steady the aeroplane. Pitch -. open to full throttle and take-off by holding the aeroplane to a constant attitude. ACTIONS AFTER TAKING-OFF IMMEDIATE ACTIONS: Upon Ensuring Gaining SPEED and ALTITUDE 1. take-off with flaps down.+9 PSI Boost. but must invariably be checked before every take-off. P . Radiator Shutter -. Brake Pressure -.RAISE -.RELEASED 2. stop across wind. Do not relax throttle tension in order to prevent throttle coming back during take off 4c. Correct tendency to swing by coarse rudder control.60 PSI 5.is On 2.Trimming Tabs -. the pilot leaves them down. 4a. Accelerate to -. M . Some of this may already have been done.FULLY OPEN Spitfire Mk II TAXYING OUT 3. Begin Cockpit Scan CLIMBING Engine Management -. Check Radiator and Oil Temperature 9. TAKING-OFF NOTE: Turn into wind.FULLY FINE -. A convienent catch-phrase is applied to this drill "TMP and Flaps" . in order to save wear 4b.185 MPH ASI -. 30 Min Limit 1.THREE 1. he must on no account raise them until speed is at least 120 mph ASI at a safe height. Rudder Central 2.NORMAL 3.Mixture Control -.2850 RPM 3. Clear Engine before take off by increasing to moderate rpm against fully held brakes THREE FINAL PREPARATION FOR T-O .Check Red Indicator Light -. Hood -.Elevator One Division Nose Down.UP -. Radiator Temperatures -. Engine Controls: Adjust Throttle and Pitch as Required 8.CLOSE 7. Oil Pressure -. and move forward slowly to straighten up the tail wheel.Adjust Radiator Shutter as Required 2. Undercarriage -. Flaps -. Radiator Shutter -.+9 PSI Boost -. by a serious omission of drill. The tail need not be raised much. Use the brakes as little as possible in taxying. Hold down to almost level flight. apply FULL Brake immediately. and if.CHECK --. 2700 RPM.FULLY CLOSE 6.FULLY CLOSE --. however. and carry out the Drill of Vital Actions. facing the aerodrome circuit. Emergency Exit Door -.Max 120o C -.UP NOTE: The aeroplane would.Pitch Control -. Parking Brake -.Adjusting Attitude to Maintain Speed SUBSEQUENT ACTIONS: Perform When Ready 4. Throttle -.Max 90* C THREE THREE . If failure during taxi. Oil Inlet Temperature -.at -.(Lever Fully Forward) 4.RATED (+9 PSI Boost) --. 1. T .

cycle the undercarriage UP then repeat lowering the undercarriage. Undercarriage Emergency Lever -. Inspect and refill the hydraulic system ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKE-OFF In case of engine failure during takeoff. Flaps -.UP 3. Fuel Cocks -. Land Straight Ahead. Undercarriage -.AS DETERMINED -. Fuel Cocks and Switches -. act as the following: 1. When the light comes on.FOUR 1. the EMERGENCY LOWERING SYSTEM should be used.AS REQUIRED FOUR FOUR . Radiator Shutter -.DOWN -. Ignition and Fuel Cocks -.PULL and HOLD -.120 MPH ASI PROCEDURE AFTER LANDING 1. If landing without engine is inevitable.NORMAL 3.FORWARD and DOWN After use. Maps -. Undercarriage -. the first and foremost essential is maintain ample flying speed. Land with Undercarriage -. Flaps -. 1.Undercarriage -. 1. replace the CO2 cylinder and seal the lever.After Attaining -.Pitch Control -. Ignition -. Radiator -. LANDING Non Engine Assisted Approach: 90 MPH ASI Engine Assisted Approach: 80 . "U. If GREEN indicators do not show fully DOWN and LOCKED. Hood -.OFF FORCED LANDING OWING TO ENGINE FAILURE NOTE: Maintain ample gliding speed. Mixture -. Power -.NOSE DOWN 2. release lever to IDLE position. Undercarriage -. Indicator Lights and Other Electrical Equipment -.Check Green Indicator Light -.DOWN 4.P.OPEN and LOCK 2.OPEN 3. Slow Running Cut Out -. when appraoching the lee side of the aerodrome. and Flaps" . Flaps -. U.Use With Care MISLANDING 1.(Lever Fully Forward) 3.85 MPH ASI Brakes -. Flaps -. hold the lever hard back in the LOWER position.STOW 4. Attitude -.FULL THROTTLE 3.OFF --.OFF 4.OFF 2.On Final Approach NOTE: If the undercarriage green indicator light does not come ON.is On 2.. glide toward it and try to rectify the trouble.DOWN -.AS REQUIRED Spitfire Mk II PRELIMINARY APPROACH FOUR DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS FOR LANDING NOTE: This should be carried out quickly and decisively when the right moment arrives. Taxi to Park. P . Flaps -. If indicators still do not show fully DOWN and LOCKED.UP 3.UP -. A convienent catch-phrase is applied to this drill. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TURN 5.DOWN -.DOWN NOTE: NOTE: 2.If in Doubt.UP 2. Approach and Land as Normal.FULLY FINE -.OFF UNDERCARRIAGE EMERGENCY OPERATION 1. select a landing ground.

5 PSI 2400 Normal Max Cruise Cont +1.ONE Aircraft Type Blenheim MkIV Blenheim Mk IV Engine & Prop Mercury XV / DH CSP ONE Reference Pilot's Notes: AP 1530C. Normal Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max. Lower Limit is Max.5 PSI Brake >= 100 PSI 100 Octane LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS Oil Pressure Emer Min = 70 PSI Normal = 80 PSI Oil Temperature (Inlet) o o Min = 5 C Max = 90 C o Emergency Max = 95 C Cylinder Temperature Normal = 190 C Max = 235o C Min o Correction of ASI Reading for Postion Error ASI (MPH) 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 +/+ + 0 Adjustment 4 2 0 2 4 4 6 6 CAS (MPH) 124 142 160 178 196 216 234 254 87 Octane Fuel Restrictions Condition Limit Boost RPM Take-Off 1000' or 3 min +5 PSI 2650 All Out Level 5 min +5 PSI 2750 Engine Provided Systems Hydraulic Pneumatic Electrical Pump Compressor Generator Port Engine Starb'd Eng Port Engine Note: Blenheim MkIV Checklist Based on Pilot's Notes for Blenheim MkV. ONE ONE . Weight VS .325 MPH 325 MPH All Out Level 30 min +9 PSI 2750 Normal Climb 30 min +5 PSI 2650 Normal Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Take-Off 1000' or 3 min +9 PSI 2750 Normal Description Full Flap Operating Range. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.5 PSI 2400 Weak Max Dive 20s @ 2750 +5 PSI 3120 Normal Operating Pressures Fuel = 2. Jan 1943 Fuel 100 Oct MPH 325 125 140 NA 90 NA 80 70 130 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. Weight VS0 . Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range 70 .3. Max Cruise Cont +3.125 MPH 80 .5 . Maximum Speed for ALL operations.

CLOSED 7.+5 PSI 4.Check Contents and Cock Settings 5.140 MPH 4.000 Lbs 3.and -.CENTRAL --.DOWN -.ON 5. Wait -. Balance Cock -. T . Return Boost Control to -.Minute.DOWN --.ONE -. High Boost Control to -.5 LBS 1d.NORMAL 1e. Raise Undercarraige and Flaps 5a. Fuel . Open Up to Fast Tick-over 8.ONE INCH BELOW NEUTRAL -.at 16. M . Pitch Control -.FULLY --. With 100 Octane Fuel: High Boost Control to -.20o DOWN 6.DOWN 1.NORMAL 3. Auxilliary Fuel Feed -.ONE to FIVE -. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -.INNER -. depending on Air Temperature 4. Undercarraige Indicator -.Cycle Flaps -. After Reaching Safety Speed.20 SECONDS 5a. P .100 PSI DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS FOR TAKE-OFF DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS 1. Apply Steady Backpressure to Lift Off at -. Hydraulic Systems . RPM -.COLD 1g.UP 2.Before Throttling Back 5. Booster Coil Switch to -.Boost. Cowl Flaps -. Check Boost to -.OFF 7. Test Magnetos: Max Rich Continuous Boost .DOWN 3.Between Starting Each Engine 6.Tanks. Throttle Open -. Fuel Cocks -.30 SECONDS -.Rudder -. Mixture -.And -. High Volatile Fuel Should be Used When Air Temperature is Below Freezing 3.FULLY FORWARD TESTING ENGINES AND INSTALLATIONS 1.Trimming Tabs -.RPM Drop Less Than -. Undercarraige Operating Lever -.ON --. Undercarraige Locked -. Open Throttle to -. Hydraulic Selector -.CENTRAL --. Elevator -.OPEN 2.9 LBS TAKE-OFF 1. Undercarraige Locking Pins -.. Check Operation of Propellors 3. or -.REMOVED -.MAX WEAK CONTINUOUS -. Carburetor Heat Control -.OFF 1b.For Turret Operation TWO TWO .If Required TWO STARTING ENGINES AND WARMING UP 1.Strokes of Fuel.FULLY FORWARD 4.2850 4a.9 LBS --.Hydraulic Selector -.5 Inch 1c. Open Throttle -. Move High Boost Control to -.Nose Heavy 2. Ignition and Booster Coil Switches to -.DOWN 2.UP -.Mixture Control -.Pitch Control -.CHECK -. Set Controls as Follows: 1a.PRESS AND HOLD -. Pitch Control -.TWO Blenheim Mk IV PRELIMINARIES 1.5 LBS -.90 MPH -.and Set Climbing Boost and RPM 5.FULLY BACK 1f.5 LBS -. Boast Control -. H . Set Hydraulic selector to -.2750 . There is a Slight Tendency to Swing to the Right 2. After -. Brake Pressure -. Starting Switch -. Safety Speed -. Cowl Flaps -.No More Than -.STOWED 3.100 RPM TAXYING OUT 1. Flaps -.

Undercarraige -. or In -..FULLY OPEN 2. Slow Running Cut Out -.UP --. RAIN.1900 --. SNOW. Boost Up to -.RAISE 3.FULLY BACK -. RPM -. Flaps -. Boost -.FULLY FORWARD 3.Humidity.1 MPH PER 1K FEET -. Reduce By -. M . ASI -.Undercarriage -.Up to 10k Feet. Landing.5 PSI -. Power -.120 MPH ASI PROCEDURE AFTER LANDING 1. 30 Min Limit 1.OPEN 2.CLOUDS. H . Cowl Flaps -.WEAK --.>= +3. Ignition -.5 PSI -.UP -. Hydraulic Selector -. U. Except in -. RAIN.HIGH -.DOWN 3. SLEET 4.140 MPH ASI -.NORMAL 2. Maximum Rate of Climb -. SLEET Cold Intake should be used: 1.Mixture -. P . Mixture -.>= 15o C ECONOMICAL CRUISING 1. Take-Off 3.5 PSI RPM 2650 2400 2400 2400 75 69 66 61 56 gals/hr 146 112 90 2200 70 65 62 57 52 Fuel Tanks Inner Outer RPM 2000 65 61 58 53 48 Capacity 140 gals 94 gals 58 54 49 45 Quantity 2 2 Tot Capacity 280 gals 188 gals 1900 THREE THREE . Starting 2.+1.PULL and HOLD -. Pitch Control -.Hydraulic Selector -. 2650 RPM.DOWN 3.DOWN APPROACH Non Engine Assisted Approach: 100 MPH ASI Engine Assisted Approach: 95 MPH ASI MISLANDING 1.Above 10k USE OF WARM AND COLD INTAKE Warm Intake should be used: o 1.Pitch Control -.130 MPH -. or In -.OFF 5. Boost -. SNOW.Open Engine Sufficiently to Change Pitch to Course 4.5 PSI + 1.FULL THROTTLE 2. Flight in -.CLOUDS.DOWN 2.Air Temperature -.<= 15 C 2.140 MPH 2.HIGH -.THREE Blenheim Mk IV CLIMBING THREE Engine Management -.+5 PSI Boost.Increase RPM DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS FOR LANDING 1. Cowl Flaps -.Humidity.After Attaining -.<= +3. Flaps -. Replace Undercarraige Safety Pins FUEL CONSUMPTION gals/hour @ 10k Feet Mixture Boost +1 PSI 0 PSI WEAK -1 PSI -2 PSI -3 PSI Mixture NORMAL Boost +5 PSI +3.5 PSI --. If Unable to Maintain -.Air Temperature -. Flaps -.

100 MPH ASI FOUR UNDERCARRIAGE EMERGENCY OPERATION CARTRIDGE SYSTEM 1.FULLY BACK -.DOWN 2c. except when lightly loaded. Lower Flaps with Hand Pump 2a. Lower Flaps with Hand Pump 2a. Hydraulic Selector -. Failed Engine Pitch Control -. Undercarraige Selector -. Flap Selector -.NEUTRAL 3. Flap Selector -.DOWN 3b.UP 2b. Operate Cartridge System: Tear White Fabric Strip and Pull Handle UNDERCARRIAGE EMERGENCY OPERATION HAND PUMP 1. Flap Selector -.DOWN 2b.DOWN 2b. Undercarraige Selector -. Best Speed -.To Positive Coarse Pitch 2.DOWN 2. Operate Hand Pump FOUR FOUR . Operate Hand Pump 3. Undercarraige Selector -. Lower Undercarraige with Hand Pump 3a. Lower Undercarraige with Hand Pump 2a.DOWN 2. Operate Hand Pump If Hand Pump Fails: 4. Hydraulic Selector -.FOUR NOTE: Blenheim Mk IV ENGINE FAILURE Aircraft will NOT maintain height on one engine. Operate Hand Pump 2d. 1.

Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. Weight VS .Engine Off Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range NA 30 . Lower Limit is Max. Max Cruise 30 min Norm Cruise Cont Max Dive 20 secs 2200 73 Octane LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS 2050 2100 1950 Rich Setting to be used below 5000 feet.180 MPH 180 MPH Max Climb 30 min 2100 Norm Climb Cont Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit RPM Mixture Full Throttle 5 min 2350 Description Full Flap Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max.ONE Aircraft Type Tiger Moth II Tiger Moth Engine & Prop Gypsy Major / FP ONE Reference Pilot's Notes: Feb 1944 Fuel 73 Oct MPH 180 NA NA NA NA 55 30 40 66 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed . Normal Operating Range. Oil Pressure Emer Min = 30 PSI Normal = 40 . Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended. Weight VS0 .Engine On Stall Speed .45 PSI Oil Temperature Min = 30o C Max = 80o C Emergency Max = 90o C ONE ONE .

Trim Moves Freely.75-80 MPH 2. then check as follows. Throttle Friction Nut -. Oil Pressure -. Intercommunication System -. Flying Controls -. Set Trim --TAIL HEAVY 2. Mixture -.Fully Aft 4.35 PSI 7. Initial Climb -.FREE -.CLOSED TWO STARTING ENGINE Engine is started by Fitter spinning the airscrew.TWO Tiger Moth PRELIMINARIES 1. Endurance -.FULLY TAIL HEAVY 3.Fully Aft 4.1000 -. Maintain Climbing Spped of -.ON 5.NEUTRAL -.RICH -.70 MPH 8. Fire Extinguisher -.to Straighten Tail Skid 8. Throttle: Fully Open: RPM . Rudder -.a.TIGHTEN 3.ON 2.2050 RPM. Slots -.LOCK-.SECURE 10.RPM Drop Less Than -.NEUTRAL 2. 1.FULL OPEN.Tank 5. Throttle Friction Nut -.LOOSEN 2.900.UP 11.LOOSEN 3. procedures OMMITTED WARMING UP NOTE: When the engine is running smoothly and the oil pressure has settled. Fuel Distributor Cock -. All Switches -. Elevator Trim -. Trim -.CHECK 12. Test Magnetos. Trim -. At 300 Feet.66 MPH CLIMBING Engine Management -. Take Off: Throttle -.Taxy into the Wind.ZERO 5.FULLEST -. Set Best Climbing Speed -. Check Oil Pressure -.2. run the engine at 900-1000 rpm for at least 4 minutes. Flying Controls -.FULLY TAIL HEAVY 3. Engine Clear: RPM -. Throttle -.1600 -.CHECK RUNNING UP 1.5 Hours TWO TWO . Speed -.RPM 8.at -. Fuel Control -.1825. Throttle to -.66 MPH CRUISING Engine Management -. Avoid taxying or idling for prolonged periods at low rpm TAKE-OFF 1.FULL BACK 2.80 RPM 3. Normal -. Hold Stick -. Throttle Friction Nut -.Compass Grid Ring 7.UNLOCKED 6.35 PSI -. Switches -. Set Altimeter -. Oil Pressure -.40-45 PSI 4. Mixture -. Check ASI for mph or knots 6.2050 RPM 1.Minimum -. Test Magnetos: RPM -.LOCKED 9.OFF 4. Slots -. Throttle: Close: RPM -.2100.RICH -. Fuel -. Check Instruments for Servicability and -.1950 RPM 1.550-600 TAXYING OUT 1.

Safety Harness -.250 FT AGL MISLANDING 1. Throttle -.CLOSED 6. Increase Power During Turns DRILL OF VITAL ACTIONS FOR LANDING NOTE: This should be carried out on the downwind leg. Up to -. Mixture: Fully -.LOCKED -.RICH -. Fuel: Sufficient for Additional Circuit 2.Use Normal Cruise Power: 1950 RPM and 75-80 MPH 2.ASI -. Maintain Power During Turns: Lower Nose to Maintain Airspeed 3. Engine On -.35 MPH 2.Fully Aft 2.Fully Aft 4.CHECK 3.OFF -.OFF 7. The Same Speed Applies for Steep Gliding Turns AEROBATICS 1. Aproach Speed: 66 MPH ASI APPROACH AND LANDING 1. Normal Stall from Straight Glide: Engine Off -. Slots -. Power -. Final Approach Speed: 55 MPH ASI at -.1200 RPM -. Engine Assisted Descent -. Stick -. Speed: Maintain at Least -. Slots -. Throttle -. Climb as Normal SHUTTING DOWN 1.RICH 3.Throttle -.SECURE 5. Set Trim --TAIL HEAVY 2.66 MPH 2. Throttle -. Initial Climbing Speed -. Fuel Cock -.40 MPH.FULL THROTTLE 2.OFF THREE THREE . Above 200-300 Ft AGL.Until Engine Stops 5. Mixture -.70 MPH 3. Switches -. Fuel -.900 .UNLOCKED 4. Engine Off Descent . Front Switches -.1000 RPM 3.LOCKED 4. Gliding Turns: Lower Nose to Increase Speed.2100 RPM 2.ASI LOW FLYING 1.FULLY OPEN -. Slots -.66 MPH 4. 1.1100 .THREE Tiger Moth STALLING AND SPINNING 1.70 MPH ASI 3.for Spinning THREE STEEP TURNS 1.70 MPH -. The Correct Speeds Are as Follows: Loop Stall Turn Inverted Gliding Slow Roll 115 MPH 90 MPH 85 MPH 110 MPH Barrel Roll Half Roll off Top of Loop Half Roll 115 MPH 135 MPH 95 MPH DESCENDING 1.ASI -.

LUFTWAFFE .

Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed Never Exceed in Any Operation Max Speed in Normal Operations (rarely used in WW2 aircraft) Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed ONE ONE .ONE Bf 109E KPH 800 MPH 500 800 LUFTWAFFE AIRSPEED DATA Bf 110C KPH MPH 500 800 ONE He 111H/P KPH 500 Ju 87B-2 KPH MPH 500 800 Ju 88A-1 KPH MPH MPH 500 800 700 700 700 700 700 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 600 600 500 500 500 500 500 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 200 100 200 100 200 100 200 100 200 100 100 100 100 100 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS VS VNO VNE VS0 VNE VNO VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE VFE Never Exceed Speed Max Structural Cruising Speed Max.

11 13.99 12.72 12.2 112.28 13.3 40.27 34.9 86.2 36.I Walrus MkI Blenheim MkI Anson MkI Beaufighter MkIF Wellington MkIc Sunderland MkI LUFTWAFFE SIGHT DATA Wingspan Meters 8.5 57.22 17.3 56.9 56.78 18.39 Yards 9.17 17.8 89 98 112 120 122 140 172 172 177 263 344 Range (m) Range (yds) 98 107 123 131 133 153 188 188 193 287 376 ONE Range (ft) 293 322 368 393 400 459 563 565 579 862 1128 REVI C12 SIGHT (100 mils) Rg of AC when wingtips touch Sight Ring Lethal Range: where cone of fire is less than the width of the fuselage at the cockpit (approx .30 28.31 18.4m from Sight Line is Lethal Area (Approx width of fuselage at Cockpit. Bf 109E Convergence .23 11.83 19.0 45.8m wide).3 32.33 15.I Spitfire MK.I Defiant MkI Hurricane Mk.8 39.73 37.ONE Royal Air Force Aircraft Tiger Moth Gladiator Mk.65 26.meters Lethal Range Centered on Convergence 194 178 162 145 129 113 97 81 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 286 262 238 215 191 167 143 119 <= . Gun Numbering Bf 109E Bf 110C 1-4 5-6 3 12 4 7 Not to Scale ONE ONE .19 14.00 17.61 Feet 29.80 11.94 9.78 10.

SD500 SC250 SC50.Spitzgeschoss mit Stahlkern = Pointed bullet with Steel Core v .Verbesserte = Improved .8sD. .Ubung = Training Ammo containing a small bursting charge m. Me109. Aircraft use only L'Spur . mV. Ju88 Ju87B. Ba (Barium). . Ju88. Zerl . 15.mit Zerleger = with Burster = SD = Self Destruct Mechanism German Ammunition PmK . He111 Ju87B.Sprengcylindrische = Cylindrical Explosive: GP . . Ju88. Me109. LUFTWAFFE WEAPON DATA Luftwaffe Machinegun and Cannon Ammunition Type AP AP (Super) AP-T AP-T API HEI HEI-T / SD Incend -T / SD API / SD API / SD API / SD HE Mg Ph RDX / Al Ph Ba PETN.). 25B 5.).).General Pupose HE SD .Spreng Dickenwand = Thick wall Explosive: Semi AP Frag . Al (Alum.92mm SmK L'Spur v SmK L'Spur v PmK v B Patr v Brsprgr L'Spur MG FF 20mm Brgr L'Spur Pzbrgr PzBrgr (Elek) Pzbrgr (Phos) MG FFM M'gesch. etc Notes LW High Alt = High Altitude Release . Burns 750m SD 750m SD 750m SD 750m SD SmK . 8sD = 8 second Delay. Vz) 0. WC (Tunsten Carbide).Greater Than 1km LW Low Alt = Low Altitude Release .Brandgranate = Incendiary Grenade Pzbrgr . 25B 5 25B 5 Aircraft Ju87B.High Capacity HE Fill: Ph (Phosph. 8sD 0. SC250. Thm (Thermite) Notes Burns = Incendiary Composition (usually Phosphorus) is ignited on firing and burns during flight Flash = Incendiary Ignition or small HE Burst on impact with target Slow Tracer = Delayed tracer ignition for Night use Bombs Country Nomen SC 50 SC 250 Luftwaffe SD 250 SC 500 SD 500 Notes GP GP Semi-AP Frag GP Semi-AP Frag Type WT (lbs/kg) 110 / 50 551 / 250 551 / 250 1102 / 500 1102 / 500 Fuze 5. He111 Ju87B.Beobachtung Patrone = Observation Cartridge Brsprgr . SC500 Weapon Luftwaffe Fuzes Settings: 0 = Instantaneous. Me110.Panzerbrandgranate = Armor peircing Incendiary Grenade M'gesch. Mg/Thm 1100 m 1100 m Yes 900 m 900 m Yellow White Fill Burnout Tracer Color Smoke Trail TWO Notes Steel Core WC Core SmK Ub m Zer SAPHE w SD Yes Flash Burns Flash 750m SD 750m SD.Less Than 1km LW Dive = Automatic Delay in Dive Release of 14 seconds TWO TWO .increased propellant for increased muzzle velocity.Brandsprenggranate = Incendiary Explosive Grenade Brgr .8sD 0.Minengeschoß = Mine Projectile .Thick walled case HE Pistols Nomen 5 15 25B Type High Alt Dive Low Alt Settings (oV.TWO Weapon Nomen SmK v SmK (H) v MG 17 7. Ju88 SC . He111 Ju87B.Phospor mit Stahlkern = Phosphorus with Steel Core Types B Patr . Ju88. . 14sD Bomb Type SC50.05sD. Mg (Magnes. . SC250. Me110.Leuchtspur = Tracer Ub.

Dv. Hauptschalter to -. Bedienungs und Wartungsvorschrift des Abwurfschaltkasten ASK-R. and Me 110C-7.EIN (ON). Wahlschalter to -. Weapon Safety Switches to -.SICHER (SAFE) 2.ENTSICHERT (ARM) 5. Check for Weapon Station Indicators to turn OFF Reference: L. Each subsequent press will release the next weapon selected. Wahlschalter to -.EINZELABWURF (SINGLE RELEASE) 4. Check for Kontrolle Light ON Reihenabwurf (Salvo Release) 3. NOTE: The in game operation of the Zünderschaltkasten (ZSK) and Abwurfschaltkasten (ASK) differ from the historical modes of operation for the devices. All Safety Switches to -.THREE LW WEAPON SYSTEMS OPERATION THREE Operating instructions for the ZSK 244 /244 A2 and the ASK-R for the Me 109E-3/B.Me 109E-4/B. All Weapon Station Safety Switches to -.EINZELABWURF (SINGLE RELEASE) 4. 1.208 Beschreibung. Check for Kontrolle and Weapon Station Indicator Light(s) Einzelaburf (Single Release) 3. All Safety Switches to -. Schaltkasten (Control Box) Diagrams Zünderschaltkasten (Fuze Control Box) Aus (Off) Abwurfschaltkasten (Weapons Release Control Box) Einzelabwurf (Single Release) Wahlschalter (Selector Switch) Einzelabwurf Ein Ein (On) Hauptschalter (Main Switch) Aus Kontrolle mv Sturz mv Wagerecht Reihenabwurf Reihenabwurf (Salvo Release) Schauzeichen (Weapon Indicators) Lit when selected and armed 1 2 3 Hauptschalter Aus Aus (Off) Bomb Rack Selectors (non-historical) 4 ov ov Sturz (Dive) Wagerecht (Level) mv (with Delay) ov (without Delay) Entsichert Entsichert (Armed) Sicherungsschalter (Arming Switches) Sicher Sicher (Safe) In Game Commands to ASK and ZSK Mapping Game Command Toggle Bombs Arm ON Toggle Bombs Arm OFF Toggle Distributer Short Delay ON Toggle Distributer Short Delay OFF Select Bomb Rack Previous Select Bomb Rack Next Distributer Mode Previous Distributer Mode Next Salvo Quantity Decrease Salvo Quantity Increase Distributer Delay Decrease Distributer Delay Increase Device ASK ASK ZSK ZSK ASK ASK ASK ASK NA NA NA NA Device Function Sicherungsschalter Entsichert Sicherungsschalter Sicher Sturz mV Waagerecht mV Bomb Rack Button (non-historical) Bomb Rack Button (non-historical) Wahlschalter Einzelabwurf Wahlschalter Reihenabwurf Not Available for the ZSK 244 /244 A2 and the ASK-R Not Available for the ZSK 244 /244 A2 and the ASK-R Not Available for the ZSK 244 /244 A2 and the ASK-R Not Available for the ZSK 244 /244 A2 and the ASK-R Abwurfschaltkasten Operation 1. 1939 THREE THREE .SICHER (SAFE) 2. Press Weapon Release Button on Control Stick to release first selected weapon.ENTSICHERT (ARM) 5.EIN (ON). Hauptschalter to -. These operating instructions reflect "In Game" use. Press Weapon Release Button on Control Stick to release ALL weapons simultaneously.

Lower Limit is Max. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.1 kg/cm2 Max = 1. Max Dive Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Fuel Pressure Min = 1. Normal Operating Range.ONE Aircraft Type Me 109E-1 / E-3 Me 109E-1/3 Engine & Prop DB 601A / VDM VP ONE Reference Betriebs. Maximum Speed for ALL operations.3 ATA 2300 Manual IDLE 3000 9:30 Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Take-Off 5 min 1.35 ATA 2400 Manual Cruise Cont 1. Weight VS .5 kg/cm2 Oxygen 8000 m Max = 82o C 10000 m Max = 78o C Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= 10 kg/cm2 Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine 8:30 12:00 OPERATING DATA Oil Pressure Min = 2. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 88 .5 kg/cm2 Max = 6 kg/cm2 Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 30 C Max = 75 C Emergency Max = 80o C Maximum Coolant Temperature o o Oil Temperature (Outlet) Min = 40 C Max = 95 C Emergency Max = 105o C o o Sea Level Max = 100o C 2000 m Max = 95o C 4000 m Max = 91o C 6000 m Max = 87o C Best Airspeed for Climb Sea Level 250 kph 1000 m 243 kph 2000 m 236 kph 3000 m 229 kph 4000 m 222 kph 5000 m 215 kph 6000 m 208 kph 7000 m 200 kph ONE ONE .250 KPH 125 .und Rustanleitung Me109 Fuel 87 Oct KPH 750 250 220 350 110 NA 125 88 250 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. Weight VS0 .45 ATA 2500 Manual Description Full Flap Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max.750 KPH 750 KPH Climb 30 min 1.

Hot = 1-2) 9.2200 .1900 3a.5-6 kg/cm2 -.FULL 6a.Cycle Magnetos at Different Engine RPM to Ensure Engine Runs Smoothly 2. Landing Gear -.Master Bus -. Equipment Switchbox -.To Maintain Oil Pressure ENGINE CHECK DURING WARM UP 1. Insert Key Into Ignition Switch and Select -. Radiator Flaps Open -. Check Magnetos .Increase RPM to -. Rlease Starter Handle After Engine Start 13.OFF -.ON 4.Shots of Fuel (Cold = 3-4.Min 6f. Fuel Pump Operation . WARM UP 1.1. Pull Sparkplug Handle and -. Master Bus -.UNPRESSURIZED (Behaelter Entueftet) 6.0. RPM -.Max 6e. Cabin -.BACK AND HOLD 6.35 ATA 6c.2.Engine RPM -. Cabin -.6-8 kg/cm2 -.5 kg/cm2 7.CLOSE -. Propellor Pich -.NEUTRAL (Ruhe) 3.Drop Max 8.1400 2a.CLOSE NOTE: Perform Run Up only with minimum Oil Temperature of 30 o C and maximum Coolant Temperature of 80 o C. *** IMPORTANT *** Do not attempt to turn propellers by hand. Operate Center Fuel Pump to -.ON.1. Reduce Throttle Slowly If Coolant Temperature exceeds 94 o C. Oil Temperature (In) -. wait a few mintues.94oC -.Equipment Switchbox -. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -. Oil Cooler Flap -.TWO Me 109E-1/3 STARTING ENGINE 1. Wind Up Starter. Check the Engine is Running Smoothly and Evenly NOTE: 9. Coolant Temperature -.Within 3-5 Seconds 14. Boost -. Controls -.HOLD -.ON ENGINE RUN UP NOTE: Perform Run UP only if there has been 2 hours since last flight. reduce to 1100 RPM until temperature decreases TWO TWO . 1. Spark Plug Master Switch -.AS REQUIRED 2. Pull Starter Handle 12.OPEN 2. Master Bus -.1 . Gas Pressure Switch to -. Cycle Sparkplug Master Switch (P1 and P2) for 30 seconds each 2b.Cabin Lever to Closed (Zu).50 RPM -.OFF -.M 1+2 10.Handle Cannot be Locked 11.2250 6b.IDLE .Cycle Magnetos -. Fuel Pressure -.CLOSE -.12:00 3. Starter Well on Top Right of Engine 8.TWO or THREE -.5 kg/cm2 7.6 kg/cm2 6d. *** IMPORTANT *** Point into the wind and weigh down the tail.5 .30oC -. Open Throttle to -.Engine RPM -.OPEN -. Electronics Operation .Oil Cooler Flaps -.NO FLUCTUATION 3. Right Cabin Window -. Oil Pressure (COLD Engine) -.1000 -. Check Magnetos .If Cold 3. Radiator Flaps -.1.Cabin Lever to Closed (Zu) 2. Oil Pressure -.CLOSE -. Secure Starter Crank Handle to Luggage Area TWO NOTE: If Engine does not start. Throttle -. Crank Handle in Baggage Area. Fuel Pressure -. Check Equipment 3b. 5. then repeat.OPEN (Auf) 5. Oil Pressure -.

Landing Flaps -. Electronics -. The plane will lose speed rapidly with a shallower angle with reduced throttle.OPEN -.Extend . Landing Gear .250 KPH 4.RED. Trim for Flight *** ATTENTION *** 250 KPH Speed Limit With Full Flaps 5. if Fuel Pressure drops below 1 kg/cm2.MAX 3. Fuel Warning Light -.Landing Gear Switch to -.RETRACT. Landing Gear Switch to -. Landing Gear Indicator: Retracted and Locked -. Add Throttle for Straight-aways.THREE NOTE: Me 109E-1/3 PILOT ENGINE START See above procedures 1.0 to 1 DEGREE UP 9.IN (EIN) 4a. Landing Gear Switch to -.20 o 2.GREEN NOTE: Indicator Lights can be turned off. Glide at -. Landing Gear Inidcator Lights -. Audible tone if landing gear is not locked down and flaps are extended.94 C -.CHECK 6. Extended and Locked -.NEUTRAL (Ruhe) 3b.IN (EIN) 4c. Radiator and Oil Cooler Flaps -. Pitot Heat -. Decrease Speed to -.If Icing is Present THREE THREE .10 MINS -. Switch Automatically Returns to -.Retract . Landing Flaps -.RED.150 KPH NOTE: The plane will be sharply nose down with a steep decent angle. Switch Automatically Returns to -. 6. If Landing Gear Does Not Lock in Retracted Position. Coolant Temperature -.GREEN NOTE: Indicator Lights can be turned off.OPEN (Auf) 3.12:00 3. Fuel Gauge .Mechanical Indicators -. Extended and Locked -.ON -. For Tight Turns.OPEN 4.CHECK 8. Landing Flaps -. Audible tone if landing gear is not locked down and flaps are extended. 4. Temperature and Pressure Gauges -. Observe Operating Limits 2. Propellor Pitch -.ON 5.NEUTRAL (Ruhe) 4b. Take Off 3. Cabin -.FULL.OUT (AUS) 3c.220 KPH 2.Cabin Lever to Closed (Zu) 2. Landing Flaps -. but will automatically turn on when gear are extended. Left Front Window -. Radiator Flaps . Elevator Trim -. turn on Fuel Pressure Pump 3. Use Best Climbing Speeds *** ATTENTION *** At High Altitude. Spark Plug Master Switch -.Accurate ONLY in Level Flight.Operate to Maintain Coolant Temperature Within Limits. but will automatically turn on when gear are extended. If Landing Gear Does Not Lock in Retracted Position.Cruise Flight Remaining 5.UP 2. Adjust Propellor Pitch to Maintain Desired Boost and RPM Settings 4.If High Humidity and Temperture below 0*C THREE TAXI 1.12:00 7. Trim for Flight FLIGHT 1.OUT (AUS) 3a. Landing Gear Indicator: Retracted and Locked -. 5. Set Climbing Speed -. LANDING 1. Reduce Throttle and Brake Into Turn o TAKE OFF 1. Landing Gear .CLOSE -. Propellor Pitch to -.Landing Gear Switch to -.GREEN -.

3 minutes 3. If Flight Above 4000m is Planned. Ignition -.40 C MIN 4.OFF 7. Throttle -. After Use.Max RPM -. Climb Until -. Pull Landing Gear Emergency Lever with Sudden Motion 3. At Low Altitude.CLOSED (Zu) 4. Electronic Circuits -. Throttle -. Adjust Flow Lever Based on Altitude 7. If Warning.0. Landing Gear Lever to -. Ignition -. Then M1. Then 0.IDLE 2. At Low Altitude. 4. Close All Levers 10. Cold Protection Leather To Be Worn Under Cap 4.10 kg/cm2 -.200 KPH 2. Trim Towards Tail 3. Sparkplug Master Switch -. Extend Landing Gear Through Emergency Mechanism NOTE: If terrain is not appropriate. Deploy Landing Flaps. Observe Oxygen Pressure Gauge 8.From Cruise Trim Position 2.80 oC 4.4000m 5.IDLE 3. Electrics.FOUR Me 109E-1/3 DIVING 1. If Landing Gear Does Not Lock.5 TAIL HEAVY -. Cycle Ignition Through M2. Coolant Temperature Not To Exceed -.HALF OR FULLY CLOSED 5. Plug Nose With Cotton Balls and Don Mask Before Take Off ENGINE SHUT DOWN 1. Propellor Pitch to -.Located Over Left Shoulder Strap 5. Oil and Coolant Temperature -. Start Oxygen at -. Sparkplug Master Switch -. it is appropriate to go a long distance.For -.PULL -. Control. deploying landing gear and flaps below 1000m. Best Trim -. Dip Cotton Ball in Olive Oil and Plug Nose 2.OFF. Climb Until -. it may be safer to land with landing gear retracted. Night Lights -. At high altitude. Oxygen Pressure Below -. Radiator -. Lock Through Push Something on Left or right Side EMERGENCY LANDING DUE TO ENGINE FAILURE 1. Unbuckle and Exit Aircraft FOUR FOUR .CLOSED (Zu) PARACHUTING 1. Do Not Interrupt Oxygen Breathing Once Begun 6. Elevator Trim . Electronic Circuits -. Propellor Pitch -.Descend Below -. Ensure Mask Fits Comfortably and Tight 3.OUT (AUS) 2. Close Spark Plug Master Switch Upon Engine Stop 5. Trim to Maintain Dive. If Possible.OFF LANDING GEAR OPERATION WITHOUT HYDRAULICS 1. Lower Speed if Possible 3. Run Engine at -.9:30 -.IDLE -.Set Before Take Off HIGH ALTITUDE FLIGHT 1.GLIDE 5. and Weapons Lamps Are Too Bright.200 KPH 2.3000 o o FOUR NIGHT FLIGHT 1.4000m 9.ON 2. Cover With Isolation Tape 3. Red Cabin Eject Lever -.OFF 6.

und Rustanleitung Me109 Lower panel 16 Panel Dimmer Switch 17 Blank Panel 18 Fuel Level Warn Lamp 19 Fuel / Oil Pressure 20 Landing Gear Indicator 21 Landing Gear Handles 22 Hand Fuel Pump Lever 23 R/T Switch Box 24 Weapons Arming Panel 25 MG Synch Button 26 Fuel Gauge 27 Oil Temperature 28 Coolant Temperature 29 Landing Gear Lock 30 Mech Landing Gear Ind Main Fuze Panel Generator A4 Navigation Lights A5 Cockpit Lights A6 Pitot Heat A7 A8 Fuel Temperature A9 Revi/Gear/Starter/Ingn A10 Adjustable Prop A11 A12 Radio FIVE FIVE .FIVE Aircraft Type Me 109E-1 / E-3 Upper Panel Clock 1 Revi C12 2 Electrical Master Switch 3 Magneto Switch 4 Altimeter 5 Magnetic Compass 6 Revi Power Socket 7 Manifold Pressure 8 Compass Deviation 9 Pitot Tube Heating Ind 10 Airspeed Indicator 11 Turn & Bank Indicator 12 Prop Pitch Control 13 Tachometer 14 Prop Pitch Indicator 15 Me 109E-1/3 Engine Type Fuel Reference DB 601A 87 Oct Main Instrument Panel FIVE Betriebs.

Normal Operating Range. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. Disabling the Luftschrauben Verstellautomatik The automatik device may be disabled by the toggle switch on the left fuselage wall. the automatic device can be switched off and the neccessary changes in the airscrew pitch carried out by the thumb switch. This ensures.1 kg/cm2 Max = 1. Lower Limit is Max.750 KPH 750 KPH Climb 30 min 1. With the automatik device disabled. that the maximum revs are not exceeded and the engine is not subjected to excessive strain. the propeller is fully controllable by the thumb switch on the throttle. Economical Flight In the case of economical flight. Weight VS0 . including diving. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.250 KPH 125 . In addition. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 88 . Weight VS .3 ATA 2300 Automatik IDLE 3000 Automatik Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Take-Off 5 min 1. speed.45 ATA 2500* Automatik Description Full Flap Operating Range. every position of the throttle lever has a corresponding rev.und Rustanleitung Me109 Fuel 87 Oct KPH 750 250 220 350 110 NA 125 88 250 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.35 ATA 2400 Automatik Cruise Cont 1. which is kept within narrow limits by the automatic device in all flying conditions. Lower Limit is Max. Max Dive Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Fuel Pressure Min = 1. where lower revs are desirable for each throttle setting in order to increase the range.5 kg/cm2 Oxygen 8000 m Max = 82o C 4000 m 222 kph 10000 m Max = 78o C 5000 m 215 kph Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= 10 kg/cm2 6000 m 208 kph 7000 m 200 kph Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine 8:30 12:00 OPERATING DATA * RPM may be increased to 2600 above 5.5 kg/cm2 Max = 6 kg/cm2 Sea Level Max = 100o C Sea Level 250 kph 2000 m Max = 95o C 1000 m 243 kph Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 30 C Max = 75 C Emergency Max = 80o C Maximum Coolant Temperature 4000 m Max = 91o C 2000 m 236 kph 6000 m Max = 87o C 3000 m 229 kph o o Oil Temperature (Outlet) Min = 40 C Max = 95 C Emergency Max = 105o C o o Best Airspeed for Climb Luftschrauben Verstellautomatik Operation To assist the pilot an automatic airscrew pitch changing device has been introduced. ONE ONE . Maximum Speed for ALL operations. without intervention by the pilot.ONE Aircraft Type Me 109E-4 Me 109E-4 Engine & Prop DB 601A / VDM Auto ONE Reference Betriebs.5km alt for 5 mins Oil Pressure Min = 2.

Shots of Fuel (Cold = 3-4.M 1+2 10.OFF -. Controls -. RPM -.Max 6e. Gas Pressure Switch to -.94oC -.ON.Handle Cannot be Locked 11. Throttle -. Secure Starter Crank Handle to Luggage Area TWO NOTE: If Engine does not start. Operate Center Fuel Pump to -. Check Magnetos .Increase RPM to -. Radiator Flaps Open -.12:00 3.5-6 kg/cm2 -. *** IMPORTANT *** Do not attempt to turn propellers by hand.Oil Cooler Flaps -.OPEN 2.Cabin Lever to Closed (Zu) 2.Within 3-5 Seconds 14.TWO Me 109E-4 STARTING ENGINE 1. Oil Temperature (In) -.OFF.UNPRESSURIZED (Behaelter Entueftet) 6.CLOSE -.ON 4. Fuel Pressure -.If Cold 3. Radiator Flaps -. Pull Starter Handle 12. Equipment Switchbox -. Verstellautomatik Switch -.6-8 kg/cm2 -. Oil Pressure -.5 kg/cm2 7. Fuel Pump Operation .Equipment Switchbox -. Oil Pressure -. Oil Pressure (COLD Engine) -.HOLD -. Cabin -. Cabin -.Cycle Magnetos at Different Engine RPM to Ensure Engine Runs Smoothly 2. Boost -. Starter Well on Top Right of Engine 8. Coolant Temperature -.2. Check Equipment 3b.CLOSE -. 5.IDLE .TWO or THREE -. Hot = 1-2) 9. wait a few mintues.OFF -.CLOSE NOTE: Perform Run Up only with minimum Oil Temperature of 30 o C and maximum Coolant Temperature of 80 o C. Pull Sparkplug Handle and -. Rlease Starter Handle After Engine Start 13.Drop Max 8.0. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -.1.OPEN -. Fuel Pressure -. Oil Cooler Flap -. Insert Key Into Ignition Switch and Select -. Propellor Pich -.1 .NEUTRAL (Ruhe) 3.BACK AND HOLD 6. *** IMPORTANT *** Point into the wind and weigh down the tail.1.5 kg/cm2 7.50 RPM -. reduce to 1100 RPM until temperature decreases TWO TWO . Cycle Sparkplug Master Switch (P1 and P2) for 30 seconds each 2b.2200 . Landing Gear -.1400 2a.30oC -.OPEN (Auf) 5. Spark Plug Master Switch -.2250 6b. Open Throttle to -. Check Magnetos .To Maintain Oil Pressure ENGINE CHECK DURING WARM UP 1. Right Cabin Window -.FULL 6a.1000 -.Master Bus -.Min 6f.5 .Engine RPM -.AS REQUIRED 2.ON ENGINE RUN UP NOTE: Perform Run UP only if there has been 2 hours since last flight.Engine RPM -. Master Bus -.Cycle Magnetos -.35 ATA 6c. Wind Up Starter. 1.NO FLUCTUATION 3.CLOSE -.1. Reduce Throttle Slowly If Coolant Temperature exceeds 94 o C.Cabin Lever to Closed (Zu). Check the Engine is Running Smoothly and Evenly NOTE: 9. Crank Handle in Baggage Area. Electronics Operation .6 kg/cm2 6d. WARM UP 1.1900 3a. then repeat. Master Bus -.

Set Climbing Speed -.MAX 3. Fuel Warning Light -.ON 5. but will automatically turn on when gear are extended. If Landing Gear Does Not Lock in Retracted Position. Temperature and Pressure Gauges -.THREE NOTE: Me 109E-4 PILOT ENGINE START See above procedures 1.GREEN NOTE: Indicator Lights can be turned off.IN (EIN) 4c.OPEN -. Adjust Throttle to Maintain Desired Boost and RPM Settings 4.Cruise Flight Remaining 5. 6. Pitot Heat -. Landing Gear Inidcator Lights -. Verstellautomatik Switch -.94 C -.0 to 1 DEGREE UP 9. Switch Automatically Returns to -.Mechanical Indicators -. Decrease Speed to -. Left Front Window -.CLOSE -. Landing Flaps -.Retract .OUT (AUS) 3c.Accurate ONLY in Level Flight.ON 3.250 KPH 4.Landing Gear Switch to -. The plane will lose speed rapidly with a shallower angle with reduced throttle. Landing Gear .Landing Gear Switch to -. Extended and Locked -. Landing Flaps -. Propellor Pich -.20 o 2. Switch Automatically Returns to -. Radiator Flaps .CHECK 6.OFF. Landing Gear Switch to -.ON -. Landing Flaps -.If Icing is Present THREE THREE . If Landing Gear Does Not Lock in Retracted Position. For Tight Turns.RETRACT. turn on Fuel Pressure Pump 3. Observe Operating Limits 2. Landing Gear Switch to -. Cabin -.150 KPH NOTE: The plane will be sharply nose down with a steep decent angle.RED.NEUTRAL (Ruhe) 4b.GREEN -. Glide at -. Audible tone if landing gear is not locked down and flaps are extended.FULL.12:00 7.OPEN (Auf) 3.IN (EIN) 4a. Extended and Locked -. Add Throttle for Straight-aways. LANDING 1. Take Off 3. Audible tone if landing gear is not locked down and flaps are extended.OUT (AUS) 3a.Extend . Landing Gear . Landing Gear Indicator: Retracted and Locked -. Elevator Trim -.RED. Radiator and Oil Cooler Flaps -. Trim for Flight FLIGHT 1.CHECK 8. if Fuel Pressure drops below 1 kg/cm2. Reduce Throttle and Brake Into Turn o TAKE OFF 1. Fuel Gauge .220 KPH 2.GREEN NOTE: Indicator Lights can be turned off. Coolant Temperature -. 5. Verstellautomatik Switch -.NEUTRAL (Ruhe) 3b. Use Best Climbing Speeds *** ATTENTION *** At High Altitude.If High Humidity and Temperture below 0*C THREE TAXI 1. Landing Flaps -.10 MINS -. Spark Plug Master Switch -.ON. 4. Trim for Flight *** ATTENTION *** 250 KPH Speed Limit With Full Flaps 5.UP 2.OPEN 4.Operate to Maintain Coolant Temperature Within Limits. Electronics -. Landing Gear Indicator: Retracted and Locked -.Cabin Lever to Closed (Zu) 2. but will automatically turn on when gear are extended. Verstellautomatik Switch -.

Radiator -.OFF 6.For -. Best Trim -.Located Over Left Shoulder Strap 5. At high altitude. Climb Until -. If Landing Gear Does Not Lock.40 C MIN 4. Throttle -. Electrics. Cover With Isolation Tape 3. If Warning. Dip Cotton Ball in Olive Oil and Plug Nose 2.PULL -.IDLE 2. Verstellautomatik Switch to -. If Flight Above 4000m is Planned. Unbuckle and Exit Aircraft FOUR FOUR .From Cruise Trim Position 2. Cycle Ignition Through M2. Do Not Interrupt Oxygen Breathing Once Begun 6. Then M1. At Low Altitude.10 kg/cm2 -.CLOSED (Zu) PARACHUTING 1. Night Lights -. Ensure Mask Fits Comfortably and Tight 3. Trim Towards Tail 3. Red Cabin Eject Lever -. and Weapons Lamps Are Too Bright. Close Spark Plug Master Switch Upon Engine Stop 5. If Possible.OFF 7. After Use.5 TAIL HEAVY -. At Low Altitude. Ignition -. Electronic Circuits -. Lock Through Push Something on Left or right Side FAILURE OF THE LUFTSCHRAUBEN VERSTELLAUTOMATIK 1. Landing Gear Lever to -. Observe Oxygen Pressure Gauge 8. Sparkplug Master Switch -. Verstellautomatik Switch to -.Descend Below -. Oil and Coolant Temperature -. Sparkplug Master Switch -.IDLE -.HALF OR FULLY CLOSED 5.Set Before Take Off HIGH ALTITUDE FLIGHT 1. Propellor Pitch to -. 4.4000m 9. Cold Protection Leather To Be Worn Under Cap 4.CLOSED (Zu) 4. Climb Until -. it is appropriate to go a long distance.200 KPH 2.4000m 5. Deploy Landing Flaps.0. deploying landing gear and flaps below 1000m. Verstellautomatik Switch -. Lower Speed if Possible 3. Electronic Circuits -. Close All Levers 10.3 minutes 3. Start Oxygen at -. Plug Nose With Cotton Balls and Don Mask Before Take Off ENGINE SHUT DOWN 1. Adjust Flow Lever Based on Altitude 7.IDLE 3.OUT (AUS) 2.GLIDE 5. Pull Landing Gear Emergency Lever with Sudden Motion 3.OFF LANDING GEAR OPERATION WITHOUT HYDRAULICS 1. it may be safer to land with landing gear retracted. Coolant Temperature Not To Exceed -. Trim to Maintain Dive.FOUR Me 109E-4 DIVING 1. Oxygen Pressure Below -. Control Propeller Pitch by Means of the Thumb Switch on Throttle EMERGENCY LANDING DUE TO ENGINE FAILURE 1.OFF.80 oC 4.OFF 2. Extend Landing Gear Through Emergency Mechanism NOTE: If terrain is not appropriate. Then 0.ON 2. Run Engine at -. Control.200 KPH 2.ON o o FOUR NIGHT FLIGHT 1. Elevator Trim . Ignition -.OFF. Throttle -.

und Rustanleitung Me109 Lower panel 16 Panel Dimmer Switch 17 Blank Panel 18 Fuel Level Warn Lamp 19 Fuel / Oil Pressure 20 Landing Gear Indicator 21 Landing Gear Handles 22 Hand Fuel Pump Lever 23 R/T Switch Box 24 Weapons Arming Panel 25 MG Synch Button 26 Fuel Gauge 27 Oil Temperature 28 Coolant Temperature 29 Landing Gear Lock 30 Mech Landing Gear Ind Main Fuze Panel Generator A4 Navigation Lights A5 Cockpit Lights A6 Pitot Heat A7 A8 Fuel Temperature A9 Revi/Gear/Starter/Ingn A10 Adjustable Prop A11 A12 Radio FIVE FIVE .FIVE Aircraft Type Me 109E-4 Upper Panel Clock 1 Revi C12 2 Electrical Master Switch 3 Magneto Switch 4 Altimeter 5 Magnetic Compass 6 Revi Power Socket 7 Manifold Pressure 8 Compass Deviation 9 Pitot Tube Heating Ind 10 Airspeed Indicator 11 Turn & Bank Indicator 12 Blank Plate 13 Tachometer 14 Prop Pitch Indicator 15 Me 109E-4 Engine Type Fuel Reference DB 601A / VDM Auto 87 Oct Main Instrument Panel FIVE Betriebs.

3 ATA 2300 12:00 Description Full Flap Operating Range. Weight VS0 . Lower Limit is Max. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 71 . Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.18 ATA 2200/2400 Manual IDLE 2500 Manual Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Take-Off 5 min 1. ONE ONE .0 kg/cm2 Max = 1.750 KPH 750 KPH Climb 30 min 1.5 kg/cm2 Oxygen 8000 m Max = 82o C Min Temp Min = 60o C Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= kg/cm2 Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine 8:30 12:00 OPERATING DATA Oil Pressure Min = 2. Weight VS .2 kg/cm2 Max = 5 kg/cm2 Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 30 C Max = 75 C Emergency Max = 105o C Maximum Coolant Temperature o o Oil Temperature (Outlet) Min = 40 C Max = 95 C Emergency Max = 105o C o o Sea Level Max = 100o C 2000 m Max = 95o C 4000 m Max = 91o C 6000 m Max = 87o C Best Airspeed for Climb Sea Level 1000 m 2000 m 3000 m 4000 m 5000 m 6000 m 7000 m Note: Bf 110C Checklist Based on Air Ministry Pamphlet 114C Instructions For Flying the Messerschmitt 110 and Betriebs und Rustanleitung BF 110B mit 2 Motoren Jumo 210G. Normal Operating Range.2ATA 2300 Manual Cruise Cont 1. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Lower Limit is Max. Max Dive Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Fuel Pressure Min = 1.250 KPH 79 .ONE Aircraft Type ME 110C-4 / C-7 Me 110C Engine & Prop DB 601A / VDM VP ONE Reference Fuel 87 Oct KPH 650 250 250 NA NA NA 79 71 NA NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.

600 KPH 600 KPH Climb 30 min 1. Lower Limit is Max. Normal Operating Range. Max Dive Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Fuel Pressure Min = 1. Weight VS0 .0 kg/cm2 Max = 1.150 KPH 130 .15ATA 2300 Start/Climb Cruise Cont 1. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.ONE Aircraft Type Ju 87B-2 Ju 87B Engine & Prop Jumo 211 D / Ju VS5 VP ONE Reference Ju 87B-2 Betriebsanleitung Jun 1940 Fuel 87 Oct KPH 600 150 125 NA 115 150 130 110 215 430 AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VFO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.1 ATA 2100 Cruise/Dive IDLE 2400 Cruise/Dive Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Take-Off 1 min 1. Weight VS . Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Lower Limit is Max.5 kg/cm2 Oxygen 8000 m Max = 80o C Min Temp Min = 60o C Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= kg/cm2 Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine OPERATING DATA Oil Pressure Min = 4 kg/cm2 Max = 6 kg/cm2 Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 30 C Max = 90 C Emergency Max = o C Maximum Coolant Temperature o o Oil Temperature (Outlet) Min = 40 C Max = 95 C Emergency Max = o C o o Sea Level Max = 95o C 2000 m Max = 95o C 4000 m Max = 90o C 6000 m Max = 85o C Best Airspeed for Climb Sea Level 215 kph 1000 m 205 kph 2000 m 195kph 3000 m 185 kph 4000 m 175 kph 5000 m 165 kph 6000 m 155 kph 7000 m 145kph ONE ONE .35 ATA 2300 Start/Climb Description Full Flap Operating Range. Flaps Extend Speed Max Flaps Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 110 . Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.

Ammeter 9 Electrical Master Switch 10 Fuel Gauge Selector SW 11 L Fuel Tank Warn Light 12 Fuel Gauge 13 R Fuel Tank Warn Light 14 Oil / Fuel Press Gauge 15 Ju 87B Engine Type Fuel Reference FIVE Jumo 211 D / Ju VS5 VP 87 Oct Ju 87B-2 Betriebsanleitung Jun 1940 Main Instrument Panel Lower panel 16 Radio Nav Equipment 17 Oil Temperature 18 Pitot Heat Indicator 19 Coolant Temperature 20 Variometer 21 Manifold Pressure 22 Tachometer 23 Radiator Flap Pos Ind 24 Airspeed Indicator 25 Turn and Bank Ind 26 Directional Indicator 27 Precision Altimeter 28 Flying Panel 29 Fixed Instrument Pnl 30 30 Bomb Distributer Contr Flap Controls 1 Landing Flap Lever 2 Dive Brake Lever FIVE FIVE .FIVE Aircraft Type Ju 87B-2 Upper Panel Cooler Flap Buttons 1 Dimmer Switch 2 Clock 3 Radio Dir Finding Control 4 Altimeter 5 Emergency Compass 6 Flap Operating Oil Press 7 Horiz Stabilizer Oil Press 8 Volt .

600 KPH 600 .320 KPH 180 .ONE Aircraft Type Ju 88A-1 Jumo 211B-1 Ju 88A Engine & Prop Fuel 87 Oct KPH 675/575 320/275 NA 265 175/180 210 180 160 250 NA ONE Reference AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed (wo/w dive break) Max. Flaps Extend Speed (25o/50o) Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed (13k/13.25ATA 2400 Cruise Cont 1. Lower Limit is Max. Max Dive Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Oil Temperature (Outlet) Min = C Max = C Emergency Max = o C o o OPERATING DATA Take-Off 5 min 1.7k kg) Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 160 . Weight VS .5 kg/cm2 Oxygen Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= ## kg/cm2 Best Airspeed for Climb Sea Level 250 kph 1000 m 2000 m 3000 m 4000 m 5000 m 6000 m 240 kph 7000 m ONE ONE .25 ATA 2600 Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine 9:30 12:00 Fuel Pressure Min = 1. Operation must be above 2000m Altitude Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Weight VS0 . Normal Operating Range. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.0 kg/cm2 Normal = 2 . Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended. Lower Limit is Max.2.15 ATA 2250/2400 Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Yellow Arc Red Line Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Oil Pressure Min = 4 kg/cm2 Max = 9 kg/cm2 Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 30 C Norm = 80 C Emergency Max = 105o C Maximum Coolant Temperature Sea Level Max = 110o C 1000 m Max = 110o C < 4000 m Max = 100o C < 8000 m Max = 80o C Emer <10min Max = 120o C Min Temp Min = 40o C o o Description Full Flap Operating Range.675 KPH 675 KPH Climb 30 min 1.

FIVE Aircraft Type Ju 88A-1 Upper Panel Ju 88A Engine Type Fuel Reference Jumo 211B-1 87 Oct Main Instrument Panel 14 FIVE Lower panel Emergency Compass 1 Radio Nav Homing Ind 2 Precision Altimeter 3 Airspeed Indicator 4 Variometer 5 Pitot Heat Ind 6 Altimeter 7 Directional Indicator 8 Ejector Control Box 9 Radio Direct Finding Ind 10 16 17 18 18 19 19 20 21 11 Bomb Rack Ejectors 12 Operating Data Pulltab 13 Artificial Horizon 14 Deviation Table Pulltab 15 Directional Gyro 16 Autopilot Controls 17 Repeater Compass 18 Manifold Pressure 19 Tachometer 20 Oil / Fuel Pressure 21 Coolant Temperature 13 15 11 12 10 FIVE FIVE .

Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.200 KPH 135 . Weight VS . Lower Limit is Max.11 ATA 2200 Cruise Cont 1. Lower Limit is Max. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Weight VS0 .2 ATA 2200 Climb 5 min 1.480 KPH 480 KPH Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Description Full Flap Operating Range. (Luft) T 2220/1. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.ONE Aircraft Type He 111H-2 He 111H Engine & Prop Jumo 211A-1 ONE Reference D. June 1940 Fuel 87 Oct KPH 480 200 200 250 150 180 135 115 200 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 115 .0 kg/cm2 Max = 1.05 ATA 2100 Max Dive Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine 9:30 12:00 Oil Temperature (Outlet) Norm = 70 C Max = 85 C Emergency Max = 95o C o o Fuel Pressure Min = 1. Normal Operating Range.5 kg/cm2 Oxygen Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= kg/cm2 Best Airspeed for Climb Sea Level 200 kph 1000 m 2000 m 200 kph 3000 m 4000 m 200 kph 5000 m 6000 m 200 kph 7000 m ONE ONE . OPERATING DATA Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Maximum RPM = 2200 Oil Pressure Min = 4 kg/cm2 Normal = 6 kg/cm2 Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 35 C Norm =60 C Emergency Max = 75o C Maximum Coolant Temperature Sea Level Max = 95o C < 3000 m Max = 95o C 4000 m Max = 91o C 6000 m Max = 86o C Emer <10min Max = o C Min Temp Min = o C o o Take-Off 1 min 1.

200 KPH 135 . Weight VS0 .8 kg/cm2 Oil Temperature (Inlet) Min = 35 C Norm = 80 C Emergency Max =o C Maximum Coolant Temperature Sea Level Max = 100o C 2000 m Max = 96o C 4000 m Max = 91o C 6000 m Max = 86o C Emer <10min Max = o C Min Temp Min = o C o o Take-Off 1 min 1. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.480 KPH 480 KPH Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Description Full Flap Operating Range.5 kg/cm2 Oxygen Begin Use @ 4000 m Min Pressure= ## kg/cm2 Best Airspeed for Climb Sea Level 220 kph 1000 m 2000 m 215 kph 3000 m 4000 m 200 kph 5000 m 6000 m 190 kph 7000 m 180 kph ONE ONE . Weight VS . Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range 115 . (Luft) T 2220/1.ONE Aircraft Type He 111P-2 DB 601A-1 He 111P Engine & Prop Fuel 87 Oct KPH 480 200 200 250 150 180 135 115 200 NA ONE Reference D. Lower Limit is Max.3 ATA 2400 Climb 30 min 1. Normal Operating Range. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Lower Limit is Max.15 ATA 2200 Condition Limit Boost RPM Pitch Luftschraubestellungs… Full Course Full Fine 9:30 12:00 Oil Temperature (Outlet) Min = C Max = 105 C Emergency Max = o C o o Fuel Pressure Min = 1.23 ATA 2300 Cruise Cont 1.5 . June 1940 AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. OPERATING DATA Condition Limit Man Press RPM Pitch Maximum RPM = 3000 Oil Pressure Min = 2.4 ATA 2400 Take-Off 5 min 1.0 kg/cm2 Max = 1. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.6 kg/cm2 Normal = 3.

ADDITIONAL AIRCRAFT NON-STANDARD AND NON-PILOTABLE AIRCRAFT .

Maximum Speed for ALL operations.5 8.5 1.7 4.5 250.2 120. Weight VS .2 0.5 9.3 Note: Hurricane MkI Early Checklist Based on Pilot's Notes for Hurricane MkI with Merlin II and 2 Bladed Fixed Pitch Airscrew. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.25 PSI 3600 Rich Operating Pressures Fuel = 1.2 PSI Brake >= 120 PSI 87 Octane LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS Oil Pressure Emer Min = 45 PSI Normal = 60 PSI Oil Temperature o o Min = 15 C Max = 90 C o Emergency Max = 95 C Coolant Temperature Normal = 95 C Min = 70o C Max = 120o C o Correction of ASI Reading for Postion Error ASI (MPH) 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 +/+ + + Adjustment 6 3. Max Cruise Cont +4.25 PSI 2850 Rich Description Full Flap Operating Range.25 PSI 2600 Rich Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Take-Off 1000' or 3 min +6.7 CAS (MPH) 86 103.0 6.75 .0 7.380 MPH 380 MPH All Out Level 5 min +6.120 MPH 72 .5 211. ONE ONE .5 PSI 2600 Rich Max Cruise Cont +2. Normal Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max.5 138.ONE Aircraft Type Hurricane Mk I Hurricane Mk I Early Engine & Prop Merlin II / FP ONE Reference Fuel 87 Oct MPH 380 120 150 NA 80 NA 72 55 157 NA Pilot's Notes: AP 1564A. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.3 230.25 PSI 3000 Rich Climb 30 min +6.25 PSI 2600 Weak Max Dive 20 sec +6.7 9. Weight VS0 . Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range 55 .3 154 174 192. Lower Limit is Max. Mar 1939 AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.

2. Set Elevator Trim for Take-off. Movement of the Flying Controls -. In Cold Weather. -.UP -. Fuel Pressure: Main Tank -. 1.1 OR 2 -. Select -. Radiator Flap -.3 PSI 2.No More Than -.Pumps of Primer 9. Warm at Fast Tick-over Until Oil Temperature -.OPEN --.OPEN and LOCKED TWO TWO .TWO -. Test Magnetos: RPM Drop Less Than -. Do not change fuel distributer cock until take off has been accomplished to prevent interruption of fuel flow. Oil Pressure: -.1590B. run up and take off should be on reserve tank.Position 2.TWO Hurricane Mk I Early PRELIMINARIES 1. For starting purposes.Position for Undercarraige Lever 4. Switch on Light Indicator and Check for -. Main and Starting Magneto Switches -.2200 5. Check fuel tank levels and determine which to use for run-up and take-off. Volume I. Radiator Temperature -.PRESS AND HOLD -. Hydraulic Selector Gate to Uncover -. Brake Air Pressure -. If Engine Fails to Start Immediately.FIVE -.Position 3.2100 . Propeller Area -.Initially.MAIN TANK 10..P. Check Throttle Lever Friction Adjustment TWO STARTING ENGINE NOTE: NOTE: For full Particulars of the Merlin II engine see A.CLOSED -.FLAPS DOWN -. Check Hydraulic Engine Pump: Operate Flaps.28o -.RESERVE 3. Keep -.ON 7.60 PSI -.at NORMAL Temperature 7. Indicator In -.2 PSI --.UP -.Until Coolant Temperature Rises 4.FLAPS UP -. the engine should be supplied from the reserve tank as this provides a gravity feed.TWO GREEN --lights 2. Safety Catch of Hydraulic Selector Covers Chasis -.70 .Indicator -. Prime the Cylinders by Injecting -.5 INCH 4.CENTRAL -.CHECK 5.Divisions 3.+6 PSI 6. Fuel Distributer Cock -. Fuel Distributer Cock -. Starting Magneto to -. Depress Flaps -. Check Hydraulic Hand Pump: Return Flaps..25 .1.CLEAR 6. Boost -.30 SECONDS 8. 1. 2. Upon Engine START. Then -.then Depress Operating Lever 3.OFF -.15o C --.100 PSI PREPARATION BEFORE TAKE-OFF 1.Shots of Fuel 5. Select -. *** IMPORTANT *** To prevent any danger of air locks in the fuel system. Starting Switch -. Throttle Lever Forward -.80 RPM 8. Cockpit Hood -.75 .95 PSI -.then Operating Hand Lever 4.70o C CHECKING ENGINE AND INSTALLATIONS NOTE: The throttle may be opened fully only for the shortest periods necessary for the checks to be made. RPM -. do not exhaust the contents of the reserve or main tanks before switching to the other fuel tank. Reserve Tank -. If main tanks are less than 1/2 full.

ASI 3.DOWN --. Switch Undercarriage Indicator -.IDLE -.Using Hand Pump THREE THREE .Press Op Lever Until Flap Indicator Shows -.GREEN -.UP 5. For Unsuccessful Landing: Take-off again with Flaps and Gear -. Flaps -. Operate Hand Pump Until -. Undercarriage -.ASI. APPROACH 1. 1.RELEASED 2.BOTH -.When Irregular Firing Becomes Noticable 4. CLIMBING The optimum full throttle indicated climbing speed is 157 MPH.UP -.and Select Wheels -.AS DETERMINED -. Press Undercarriage Emergency Release Knobs with -.AS REQUIRED -. Switches -. Press Oil Valve Operating Lever or Operate Hand Pump 3. Firm Push on Control Column to Raise the Tail 2.OFF -. Flaps: Select Flaps -.MAIN -. after which select wheels "DOWN" immediately.For a Short Period 2.THREE Hurricane Mk I Early TAXYING OUT 1.Tank PRECAUTION AFTER TAKE-OFF As a safeguard in the event of engine failure. or the wheels fail to drop (indicated by the failure of the RED lights to extinguish). select wheels "UP" again and press the operating lever for 15 seconds or operate the hand pump. Aim at clearing aerodrome boundary by a small margin.OFF 5. Check Brake Pressure: Before Landing -.OPEN and LOCK 1. Safety Catch of Hydraulic Selector Covers Chasis -. Raise Flaps at -. Parking Brake -. Reduce Speed to -. Allow Engine to -.DOWN FORCED LANDING OWING TO ENGINE FAILURE 1. The radiator flap should be set to fully open.UP -.10 MPH -. Land with Undercarriage -. a steep angle of climb should not be attempted. Reduce Speed to -.DOWN .Lamps Light ALT: Wheels: Hand Pump: Select Wheels -.DOWN 4. Raise Undercarraige: Select Wheels -.90 MPH -.GREEN -.If in Doubt.a.UP 2. Flaps Up Approach: Increase Approach Speed by -.ASI LANDING Non Engine Assisted Approach: 90 MPH ASI Engine Assisted Approach: 80 MPH ASI Brakes -. Select Flaps -.Position UNDERCARRIAGE EMERGENCY OPERATION If difficulty is experienced in selecting wheels "DOWN". Press and Hold Operating Lever Until -.UP --.Use with Confidence SHUTTING DOWN 1.Lamps Light 2.ASI 2.OFF 3.BOTH FEET -. Brakes Can Be Used With Confidence 3. Press Operating Lever Until -.Red Lights On 4.150 MPH -.>120 PSI 5. Hood -.ASI 1.DOWN .> 90 MPH -. Select Flaps -. Rotate at --> 80 MPH -. Check Brake Pressure During Prolonged Taxying THREE TAKE-OFF NOTE: The aeroplane should be taken off at full throttle with the mixture control at "Rich". Fuel Distributor Cock -. 1.b Wheels: Engine Pump: Select Wheels -. Fuel Distributor Cocks -.UP 6.

OPERATING DATA Condition RPM Maximum 2000 Max Cont 1880 Cont 1800 Oil Temperature (Inlet) o Normal = 30 . Normal Operating Range. June 1938 AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max. Lower Limit is Max. Weight VS . Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Lower Limit is Max.22 kg/cm2 Oil Pressure Normal = 3 . Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed.6 kg/cm2 ONE ONE . Weight VS0 .85 C Emergency Max = C o Fuel Pressure Min = 0. Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.12 kg/cm2 Max = 0. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed KPH Range Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration 170 NA Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Description Full Flap Operating Range.ONE Aircraft Type Bf 108B As 10C Bf 108B Engine & Prop Fuel 87 Oct KPH 350 190 NA 180 96 130 ONE Reference Kurzbetriebs .

5 PSI Note: Anson MkI Checklist Based on Pilot's Notes for Anson MkI. Maximum Speed for ALL operations. Flaps Extend Speed Max Landing Gear Operating Speed Max Landing Gear Extended Speed Rotation Speed Landing Reference Speed Stall Speed Stall Speed Best Rate-of-Climb Max Speedbrake Extended Speed MPH Range 48 . Apr 1943 Fuel 87 Oct MPH 213 98 NA 213 NA NA 57 48 100 NA AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS VNE VFE VLO VLE VR VREF VS VS0 VY VBE Design Speeds Never Exceed Speed Max.5 PSI 2910 Normal Operating Pressures Fuel = 2 .3 PSI Brake Aircraft Systems Hydraulic Pneumatic Electrical Fuel Tanks Port Starboard 2400 75 69 66 61 56 2650 RPM 2400 RPM Capacity 35 gals 35 gals RPM 2200 70 65 62 57 52 2000 65 61 58 53 48 146 gals/hr 112 gals/hr 90 gals/hr 58 54 49 45 1900 Hand Pump Air bottle Generator Quantity 2 2 Cockpit Gnd Filled Each Engine Tot Capacity 70 gals 70 gals 87 Octane LIMITING OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS Oil Pressure Emer Min = 35 PSI Normal = 70 PSI Oil Temperature (Inlet) o o Min = 25 C Max = 80 C o Emergency Max = 90 C Cylinder Temperature Normal = 180 C Max = 250o C Min o Correction of ASI Reading for Postion Error ASI (MPH) 70 88 108 135 170 +/+ + + + + Adjustment 7 7 5 3 1 Mixture CAS (MPH) 77 95 113 138 171 Boost +1 PSI 0 PSI WEAK -1 PSI -2 PSI -3 PSI +5 PSI RICH +3. Weight VS0 . Upper Limit Max Speed w/Flaps Extended.98 MPH 57 .5 PSI 2425 Take-Off Climb 1 hour +1.213 MPH 213 MPH All Out Level 5 min +1.5 PSI gals/hour @ 10k Feet 2400 RPM + 1.ONE Aircraft Type Anson MkI Anson Mk I Engine & Prop Cheetah IX / FP ONE Reference Pilot's Notes: AP 1525A. Lower Limit is Max. Upper limit Is Max Structural Cruising Speed. ONE ONE . Max Cruise Cont -0. Normal Operating Range. Lower Limit is Max.5 PSI 2100 Normal Max Cruise Cont -1 PSI 2100 Weak Max Dive 20s @ 2425 +1. Weight VS .5 PSI 2300 Normal Never Exceed in Any Operation Do Not Extend Flaps Above this Speed Do Not Operate Ldg Gear Above this Speed Max Speed with Gear Extended Speed at which the Airplane Lifts Off Threshold Crossing Speed Min Speed at which the A/C is Controllable Stall Speed in Landing Configuration Delivers Gain in Altitude in Shortest Time Do Not Extend Brakes Above this Speed AIRSPEED INDICATOR OPERATING RANGES ASI MARKING White Arc Green Arc Red Line Condition Limit Boost RPM Mixture Take-Off 1000' FT 2100 Take-Off Description Full Flap Operating Range.

Oh. beer (especially that good German stuff like Molson). humid weather. .Errata and Works in Progress Yeah. please consider donating to the "Get Flea Drunk at Oktoberfest Fund" so that I may experience true German Bier. and hot. and I still haven't done this section yet. I blame bosses. this section hasn't been done yet making this entire document a worthless pile of steaming dog doo. Real Life™. Since many of you have pointed out that Molson is Canadian (or Canadienne) and not German.

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