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Lea los siguientes textos y responda a las siguientes preguntas. Para recibir la mención “Apto” deberá obtener un 60% de respuestas correctas. TEXTO 1 : SAVING TIME (1) What’s wrong? Why is everyone staring at me when I walk into class? ‘We’ve been waiting nearly two hours!’, they tell me. ‘Where have you been?’ Oh no – I put my clock back instead of forward, again! I’m so sorry! (2) Believe me, I won’t be the only one getting embarrassed around this time of year. In fact, in March people in over 70 countries across the world are going through the awkward annual ritual of putting the clock forward for spring or back for autumn. The period in between is known as ‘Daylight Saving’, because an hour of daylight (in some places, two) is considered to have been ‘saved’ by being moved from the early morning, when most people are sleeping, to the evening when they can enjoy it. (3) Why bother changing the clocks at all, when it causes such confusion and inconvenience? Especially to farmers, who are busy enough on spring mornings without having to work in the dark! And how do you explain to a cow that they’ll have to wait another hour to be milked, just because those stupid humans have reset their clocks! (4) Sorry cows – Daylight Saving is here to stay, for economic reasons, if nothing else. Extra daylight in the evening means that more work gets done and less energy is used up on lighting etc. During the oil crisis in the 1970s, for instance, a two-month extension in Daylight Saving is thought to have resulted in energy savings equivalent to 600,000 barrels of oil in the United States alone. And in New Zealand, Daylight saving is estimated to reduce power usage by 3.5% every year. (5) Daylight saving has some interesting knock-on effects too. For instance, the lighter evenings encourage people to go out more. As a result, they tend to be more active, which improves their health and reduces medical bills. The extra spending of those who choose to spend their longer evenings shopping has been found to have a positive impact on the national economy. The longer evenings are also said to make the streets safer, because the improved visibility deters crime and reduces traffic accidents.
b.(6) That’s all very well and good. But how do I make sure I get the change right next year? Easy-peasy! Spring means to jump and fall is the American word for autumn. It’s foolproof TAREA 1: ¿Qué párrafo corresponde a cada uno de estos temas? (Hay dos temas que sobran) 1 Main argument for Daylight Saving _____ 2 Additional arguments for Daylight Saving _____ 3 Origin of Daylight Saving ____ 4 The downside to Daylight Saving _____ 5 Practical advice _____ 6 Introductory anecdote _____ 7 The effects of Daylight Saving on health _____ 8 What is Daylight Saving? _____ TAREA 2: Elige la respuesta correcta (a. Over 70 countries a) put their clocks forward in March b) put their clock backwards in March c) it depends on the country 3. Daylight saving a) has no economic impact b) has positive environmental and social effects c) increases the number of crimes . Daylight saving a) causes problems for both farmers and farm animals b) causes problems only for farmers c) causes problems only for animals 4. next time. Daylight Saving a) increases the hours of daylight in the summer b) decreases the hours of daylight in the summer c) doesn't affect the number of daylight hours in the summer 2. just remember: ‘Spring Forward and Fall Back’. So. c): 1.
Sure to work PARAGRAPH 6 ____________________ 2. Daylight saving a) discourages people from driving in the evening b) makes driving safer e) increases the number of road incidents TAREA 3: Encuentra una palabra en el texto para cada definición: 1. Something we do regularly and in the same way PARAGRAPH 2 ______________________ 6. Indirect PARAGRAPH 5 ______________________ 9. Difficult to deal with and often embarrassing PARAGRAPH 2 _____________________ 4. Very simple (colloquial) PARAGRAPH 6______________________ 5. Take trouble PARAGRAPH 3 ____________________ 3. To change a machine or instrument back to its original state PARAGRAPH 3 _______________ 7. The amount of money you have to pay for something PARAGRAPH 5 ____________________ 10. Discourage (people from doing bad things) PARAGRAPH 5 __________________ 8.5. Effect or influence PARAGRAPH 5 ______________________ .
and asking what might happen if terrorists ever chose to attack a nuclear power plant. and that unlike the burning of fossil fuels such as oil.000 to more than 100. These include hydropower. and together they currently provide around 15% of the world’s energy. (2) All around the world. . but this can’t go on forever.TEXTO 2: NUCLEAR DEBATE (1) One of the consequences of the terrible earthquake and tsunami in Japan on 11 March was. (5) Apart from nuclear power. when tens of thousands of people had to leave their homes permanently. coal and natural gas. the other alternative is energy from renewable sources. while also pointing out that nuclear waste stays radioactive for hundreds of years. nuclear power stations don’t contribute to global warming by pushing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. of course. a leak of radiation at the Fukushima nuclear power station on the country’s east coast. (4) Most of the world’s energy currently comes from fossil fuels. Soon afterwards.000. biofuels (made mostly from crops). which currently provides less than 10% of the world’s energy. They will eventually run out – although there is a lot of disagreement about when that might be. everyone watching the Fukushima situation on TV can only hope it will not be as serious as the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in Ukraine in 1986. (3) The pros and cons of nuclear power always come up in debates about how the world should produce the energy it needs. As well as the problem of global warming there is the simple fact that the Earth has a limited amount of these resources. Those who think the risks are too great can obviously use Chernobyl – and now Fukushima – in their argument. and estimates of the eventual number of deaths from radiation-related illnesses range from 4. all the people living within twenty kilometres of the plant were told to leave because of the danger from the radiation. Those who support nuclear power point out that a very small amount of nuclear fuel can create a huge amount of energy. wind power and solar power.
7. Biofuels have a natural origin. The Chernobyl nuclear plant was in Russia. It's necessary a huge amount of nuclear power to create a lot of energy. Renewable sources currently provide more energy than nuclear power. everyone who had to leave their home was able to return a few years afterwards. 2. The slow increase in the temperature of the Earth (2 words) PARAGRAPH 3 ___________________ 3. 5. TAREA 2: Encuentra una palabra en el texto para cada definición: 1. 4. (7) Other scientists. Dangerous substances that remain after nuclear energy has been produced (2 words) PARAGRAPH 3 ____________________ . An amount of liquid or gas that comes out of a hole or crack in something PARAGRAPH 1 _____________________ 5.(6) Some scientists think renewable energy is the great hope for the future – not only because it won’t run out but also because it is less risky than nuclear power and produces far fewer greenhouse gases than burning fossil fuels. The Earth has a limited amount of oil and coal. More than 10. A factory that produces power or processes chemicals PARAGRAPH 3 ________________ 4. they argue that nuclear power will always have to be part of the solution to the world’s energy problems. That is why. 3. however. Something that replaces itself by natural processes and never runs out (adj) PARAGRAPH 5 _____________________ 6. believe we will never produce enough renewable energy to fill the gap when fossil fuels begin to run out.000 people live near the Fukushima nuclear plant. 6. TAREA 1: Decide si estas frases son Verdaderas (V) o Falsas (F): 1. even while watching the very worrying events in Japan. Half the world’s energy currently comes from fossil fuels. After the Chernobyl accident. A sudden shaking movement of the ground PARAGRAPH 1 ______________________ 2. 8.
awkward 4. bother 3. impact . 4 2. c 2. 5 3. a 4. b 5. deter 8. bill 10. b TAREA 3: Find a word in the text for each definition: 1. ritual 6. knock-on 9. easy-peasy 5. x 4. 2 TAREA 2: Elige la respuesta correcta: 1. c 3. 6 6.HOJA DE RESPUESTAS DAYLIGHT SAVING TAREA 1: ¿Qué párrafo corresponde a cada uno de estos temas? 1. 3 5. reset 7. 1 7. foolproof 2. x 8.
earthquake 2. T 4. global warming 3. F 3. F 2. plant 4. renewable 6. T 8. F TAREA 2: Find a word in the text for each definition: 1. F 7. F 5. nuclear waste . T 6.THE NUCLEAR DEBATE TAREA 1: Decide whether these statements about the Nuclear Debate are true (T) or false (F) 1. leak 5.
TAREA 1 Dí si las siguientes frases son Verdaderas (V) o Falsas (F): 1. 50 million people die every year because of smoking. You can wear jeans. You can't smoke in the building. 13. 17. 2. 21. 22.COMPRENSIÓN ORAL Escuche las siguientes audiciones DOS VECES. Smoking is not allowed in the office. 8. Scotland is the last country to introduce a non-smoking ban in the UK 5. 7. SPEAKER 3 19. You should have a break every two hours. 20. You don't have to dress smartly. you have to go to the café next door. You can smoke in the cafeteria. You are supposed to start work at 8 o'clock. Irish people have stopped going to pubs. 12. The Republic of Ireland ban started in 2004. 18. After the ban people can still smoke at home. You can still smoke on buses in Ireland. 16. Working hours aren't flexible. TAREA 2 OFFICE RULES Dí si las siguientes frases son Verdaderas (V) o Falsas (F): SPEAKER 1 11. Women aren't allowed to wear trousers. If you want a coffee. Para poder recibir la mención “Apto” deberá obtener un 60 % de respuestas correctas. The ban on smoking in public places in England starts on 31 July. You have to go to the canteen if you are thirsty. . After the non-smoking ban. SPEAKER 2 15. 6. 14. Before the ban in Ireland. 4. businesses were worried about losing money. 3. You are allowed to have your lunch at your desk.
F (1st July) 3. T 6. F (5 million people) 2. 17. 8. 10. F 8.HOJA DE RESPUESTAS SMOKING 1. 15. T 7. 16. F T F F F T T F T T F F . 13. 11. T 4. F OFFICE RULES 7. F (England) 5. 18. 9. 14. 12.
Incluye la información que te pide en su e-mail. and can’t wait to see you in May! Take care. there! I’m looking forward to seeing you again! Is it OK if I stay with you and your family for about a week? After that I want to travel around the country a bit. Lee su e-mail y escribe una respuesta. and see some cities and sites and. Para poder recibir la mención de “Apto” deberá obtener un 60% de respuestas correctas. TAREA 1: PRODUCCIÓN ESCRITA Escriba sobre el siguiente tema: “Advantages and disadvantages of living in a small town” (“Ventajas y desventajas de vivir en una ciudad pequeña). I’ve never been abroad before!! What are the best places to visit? What’s the best way to travel around? I’m not sure about accommodation or prices either! And what will the weather be like? Sorry for all these questions… Hope to hear from you soon. Hi. Joe . you know me. As you know.EXPRESIÓN E INTERACCIÓN ESCRITA Lea atentamente los siguientes enunciados y realice las tareas de comprensión escrita. (75 palabras). (125 palabras) TAREA 2: INTERACCIÓN ESCRITA Un amigo irlandés va a venir a visitar tu país durante seis semanas. I want to spend some days on the beach too.
TAREA 1: INTERACCIÓN ORAL Formule y responda las siguientes preguntas: What kind / food / like? What / last eat out? Be / the diet in your country healthy? How often / do / sport? /do any sport / this weekend? TAREA 2: EXPRESIÓN ORAL Talk about what you usually do to stay healthy. Are people too obsessed with health nowadays? Why / why not? . Deberá obtener un 60% de competencia oral.EXPRESIÓN E INTERACCIÓN ORAL En esta tarea deberá hablar sobre los temas que se le proponen.
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