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on a noun indirect object direct object modifies a verb
1st Declension Chart Singular porta portae Portae portam portā Plural portae portarum portīs portās portīs
N G D Ac Ab
-a -ae -ae -am -ā
-ae -ārum -īs -ās -īs
Rule 1: The subject of a finite verb is always in the nominative case. (A finite verb is indicativestated as a fact, subjunctive- is a wish, or contingent on something else, or imperative- a command) Rule 2: A finite verb agrees with its subject in number and person. 1st Conjugation verbs – āre Laudō, I praise. Present stem: laudāPrincipal Parts: Laudō, laudāre, laudāvī, laudātum singular laudō, I praise laudās, you praise laudat , he , she it praises laudāmus we praise laudātis you praise laudant, they praise plural
2nd Conjugation verbs -ēre Moneō, I advise I warn. Present stem monēPrincipal Parts: moneō, monēre, monuī, monitum Present Indicative Active singular plural moneō, I advise monēmus we advise monēs, you advise monet , he , she it advises monētis you advise monent, they advise
Rule 3: The direct object of a verb is in the accusative case Rule 4: A noun (or pronoun) limiting another noun and not meaning the same person is in the genitive case. Rule 5: The accusative and ablative cases may be used with prepositions 2nd declension nouns- all words whose genitive singular ends in-ī. Amicus, M., friend Lase: amic-,
N G D Ac. Ab.
Singular Amīcus, a friend Amīcī, of a friend
Plural Amīcī, friends Amīcōrum, of friends Amīcīs, to or for friends Amīcōs, friends Amīcīs, from, etc., friends
-ī ōrum -īs -ōs -īs
Amīcō,to or for a -ō friend Amīcum, a friend Amīcō, from, etc., a friend -um -ō
Bellum, N., war Base bell-
N G D Ac. Ab.
Singular bellum, war bellī, of war bellō,to or for a war bellum, war bellō, from, etc., a war
-um -ī -ō -um -ō
Plural Bella, wars bellōrum, of war bellīs, to or for war bellōs, war bellīs, from, etc., war
-a ōrum -īs -ōs -īs
What cases of this declension have the same endings?