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Theory.does It Serves to Practice or Posses It

Theory.does It Serves to Practice or Posses It

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Published by: Zeynep Bora on May 18, 2012
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Zeynep BORA 20701392 March 29, 2012

Theory: does it serves to practice or posses it?

There comes a moment in the evolution of every field or discipline when central intellectual issues come into focus as the field and the discipline on which it rests shift from a rough, ambiguous territory to an area of reasoned inquiry (Friedman 2003, p.507). These were Ken Friedman's own words spoken on a struggle to understand how disciplines work. He tries to highlight the position of justifiable interrogations in any field or discipline. In such cases, as Friedman mentioned, the researchers, scholars and anyone who is concerned; begin to pay their attention, in my view, to the foundation of their related research field: theory and practice. According to Merriam-Webster online dictionary, theory; "1) the analysis of a set of facts in their relation to one another, 2) abstract thought, 3)the general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science or art, 4)a belief, policy or a procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action...." "In its most basic form, a theory is a model" said Friedman. It is basically an explanation that helps us to understand how things work, what are the component elements and their relation, and why is it necessary to analyze and explain them (p. 513). His propositions, I think, fits with the dictionary meaning and we can list many other expressions on the same side with Friedman; Mautner defines theory as "a set of propositions which provides principles of analysis or explanation of a subject matter. Even a single proposition can be called a theory." (p. 426). In the Dictionary of Ideas, theory takes place as; "a set of ideas, concepts, principles or methods used to explain a wide set of observed facts." (p.507). All these disclosures points out that a theory is basically a tool or a method that helps us to understand different principles. According to them, theory is just an instrument. But during their discussion about the relationship between theory, practice and power in 1972, Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze brought up a very different point of view; Deleuze defended that the age of their time were encountering a new relationship between the theory and practice and Foucault added; "Theory does not express, translate or serve to apply practice: it is practice." His point of view is way more different than what we discussed earlier. But in order to be able to understand Foucault fully, we also need to talk about what a practice is.

but it may not work in practice (p. practice and their relationship. the slave of a discipline but the mark of it. which means to "do" or "apply" something. in my opinion he has a point in saying that. despite his contrary attitude. In his article.1708). "In theory. in my opinion. But then remember what Kant said in 1793. it does not obeys some kinds of rules or boundaries. without exposing the fact that he is an ignoramus in his subject. which lights the way of practice. a theory provides general rules but it does not explains us how to apply them." (p. "1) to carry out. with his one of the famous quotes on theory. 4) to pursue a profession actively. Besides. for example. 61). 3) to perform or work repeatedly so as to become profession. The Jains of India. " No-one can pretend to be practically versed in a branch of knowledge and yet treat theory with scorn. but instead. although no one can actually manage such a stunning feat of benevolence (p. but it is not the practice itself. I think theory is a tool that helps us to understand the relationships of elements and their working scheme. a theory is not a way to help or understand an application of something. Foucault is right about his argument. to avoid crushing bugs beneath their feet. apply. Jain priests carry brooms to sweep the ground before them as they walk. a practice or a product. theory is a practice on its own. What he is trying to say is that theory is not just some tool that leads users to their disciplines. But for practical reasons ordinary Jains cannot do this. I do not agree with Foucault on the definition of theory. Christians believe that we should love our neighbors as ourselves. I appreciate and agree on what Kant defended. it would be fair to give the last words to Albert Einstein. but it is the application itself. in that case I may be disagree with Foucault because there comes a meaning such as. 2) to do or perform often.BORA 2 According to Merriam-Webster online dictionary. As we mentioned during our lectures. a theory may be good in idea. What is more. To sum up. In practice. and they inevitably kill." . customarily or habitually. if may I say so. it creates its own rules and follows them. they are not.. James Rachels gives a very simple example on this idea. believe that one should never harm any living creature. Theory and Practice. the theory and practice are two separate things but they cannot survive without the existence of each other." If we consider "practice" as a noun that means a profession. But if we take the word "practice" as a verb... practice. theory and practice are the same. He explains this very substantial idea with these words. theory is not. It has the total power on controlling a procedure.1707).

com/ dictionary/practice Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2012). Encyclopedia of Ethics.. Available: http://www. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Mautner. 1706-1708.com/ dictionary/theory Rachels. Retrieved: March 2012. (1996).List of References Friedman. IDATER 2000 Conference. Merriam-Webster. But it Does Not Apply in Practice’. T. New York: Routledge . Merriam-Webster. [On-line].” tr. Creating design knowledge: from research into practice. vol. I. Retrieved: March 2012. Incorporated. (1970). Blackwell: Oxford. J. Dictionary of Philosophy. Hans Reiss. K. ed. B. (2001). Incorporated. Nisbet. ed. Available: http://www. Loughborough: Loughborough University Kant.merriam-webster. in Kant: Political Writings. Theory and practice. 2nd edition. [On-line]. (2000). “On the Common Saying: ‘This May be True in Theory. H. pp. 3. A.merriamwebster. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2012).

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