Learn to Knit

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
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Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

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You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love.com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Find a comfortable chair in good light. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. the yarn and color you select -. electronically.lionbrand.mechanically. learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. or by any other means. When you give a lovingly knit gift. take a deep breath.even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -. all rights reserved. . As with any new skill. part of you goes into it. Read through the steps before you start. talent. Your time. If you get stuck. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation. Remember..are part of your knitted gift. free instruction and more! Before you start .com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. you should have fun with your knitting..

free instruction and more! 1. . Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle. or by any other means.com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. To begin.mechanically. including photocopying -. you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball. electronically. all rights reserved. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.

lionbrand.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . Pull it through the front of the loop.com for hundreds of free patterns. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.mechanically. all rights reserved. or by any other means. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop. This is your first stitch. electronically. including photocopying -.

including photocopying -.com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.lionbrand. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. or by any other means. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. hold your hands as shown.

.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle. including photocopying -.mechanically.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.mechanically. free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. . including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger. The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below. below the left needle through the center of the stitch. . or by any other means. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Elongate the pulled-through loop. electronically.mechanically. Now you have one loop on each needle.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.lionbrand.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. or by any other means.mechanically. including photocopying -.

Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically.lionbrand. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle. or by any other means. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. You now have 2 loops on your left needle. electronically.com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches. slip the stitch off.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 2.mechanically.com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. The empty needle is in your right hand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. electronically. . The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.lionbrand.

com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. .

com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. or by any other means. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch. Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. . This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7). This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on.

com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. Now its time to turn your work. . electronically. all rights reserved. Just knit the stitch. 2. Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. You have now completed a ROW. please contact us at support@lionbrand. 4.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. 3. You now have one stitch on your right needle. When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC.lionbrand. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle.

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After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

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3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

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Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

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free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.mechanically. electronically. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. . all rights reserved. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle.

When you have finished this row.com for hundreds of free patterns. Continue working. This creates stockinette stitch. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. The other side looks like its covered with bumps.mechanically. or by any other means. After that. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's. you are not alone. . You now have a stitch on your right needle. alternating each knit row with a purl row. If it feels a little awkward.lionbrand. To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. put your work in your left hand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Look at your work. That's the purl side. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl. That's the knit side. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. PURL the next row.

including photocopying -. . Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. If the bumps are facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. so purl the row. electronically. you are on the purl side. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. all rights reserved. or by any other means.

Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front.mechanically.lionbrand. . It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. Now purl two stitches. including photocopying -. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 4. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Knit two stitches. Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters. Knit two stitches.com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.Visit our website www. . all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.mechanically.com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. free instruction and more! On subsequent rows.

If the bumps are facing you. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. so purl the row. electronically. Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. you are on the purl side. .com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 5.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. put your work in your left hand. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.

mechanically. Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. Binding Off Knit two stitches. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. free instruction and more! 6.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. electronically. Knit another stitch. . free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle. or by any other means.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Gauge varies from person to person. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch. you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch. the garment will not come out to the intended size. To make an accurate gauge swatch. Count your stitches. If you are knitting with a finer yarn. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern. Take your stitches off the needle and. place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece.Visit our website www. If you don't get the proper gauge.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. electronically. Don't cheat. .lionbrand. free instruction and more! 7.mechanically. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. without stretching the fabric. or by any other means.

Visit our website www. your stitches are too loose. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests. electronically. including photocopying -.lionbrand. try a smaller needle or hook 8. or by any other means. If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge. try a larger needle or hook.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. that means you are working too tightly. . Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 9. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. you are going to drop a stitch. or by any other means. Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career. all rights reserved.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on.lionbrand. When this happens.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. or by any other means. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch.lionbrand.com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. Pull the bar through the stitch. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! First of all. If your stitch has dropped down several rows. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. don't panic.Visit our website www. .mechanically. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting. all rights reserved. electronically.

electronically. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. .

com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.lionbrand. On a knit stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. .mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Slip the stitch onto your left needle." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below. holding the yarn in the back. On a purl stitch (not shown). including photocopying -. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. Instead. or by any other means.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook. free instruction and more! 10. As painful as it may sound.

com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. .com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 11.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle.lionbrand.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. To prevent this. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle. or by any other means. including photocopying -.

Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand. all rights reserved. Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3. free instruction and more! 12. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. including photocopying -.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. The Simple Increase 2. . For example. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.Visit our website www. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. when you knit a sleeve. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size.

. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.mechanically.com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.

Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail).Visit our website www. Increasing . including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. You now have two stitches on the right needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. elongating the loop slightly. Insert the right needle into the stitch. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet. wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch.mechanically.lionbrand. all rights reserved.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! 13. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

com for hundreds of free patterns. . or by any other means. On the purl side.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop. Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'. Work to the place where the increase is to be made. all rights reserved.lionbrand.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.

com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. or by any other means.mechanically. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved.

free instruction and more! 15. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase. including photocopying -. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. . electronically. Increasing . bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way. On the next purl row.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. purl the loop in the normal way as shown.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 16. or by any other means.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece. all rights reserved.lionbrand. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.Visit our website www. . slip. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip.

Slip the next 2 stitches. electronically. or by any other means. This decrease slants to the left. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail). One stitch is decreased. the decrease is called slip.com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. one at a time as if to knit.mechanically. slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. In the same way as ssk. This decrease slants to the left. Decreasing . please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 17.com for hundreds of free patterns.Slip.Visit our website www. Slip. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. slip.lionbrand. to the right needle. On the purl side of the work. purl (ssp). all rights reserved. Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made.

.lionbrand.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. This decrease slants the stitches to the right. including photocopying -. or by any other means.lionbrand.Visit our website www. The stitches slant to the right. . Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner.Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown. free instruction and more! 18. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Decreasing .com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.

. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise.Visit our website www. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle.mechanically. all rights reserved. Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it. free instruction and more! 19.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. or by any other means.

or by any other means. free instruction and more! 20. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. knit the next three stitches. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. them to the back of the work. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches.lionbrand. . knit the next three stitches. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred. including photocopying -. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Making a cable Cables are easy to make. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work.mechanically. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle.Visit our website www. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. 4-stitch.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

electronically. A completed cable with two cable rows.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. .mechanically. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. A completed cable with two cable rows.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

mechanically. free instruction and more! 21. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. electronically. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -.

com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch. or by any other means. electronically. Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch.com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. . free instruction and more! 22.lionbrand.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -.

On a purl stitch (not shown).lionbrand. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. electronically. free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. all rights reserved. holding the yarn in the back.mechanically. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake.com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. .com for hundreds of free patterns.

including photocopying -.lionbrand. all rights reserved. thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. . The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam. Stitch up the sides as shown.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. alternating from side to side. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. assemble them by sewing them together. electronically. Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together. Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. free instruction and more! 23. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch.mechanically. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you. Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look.com for hundreds of free patterns. Working from side to side. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown.lionbrand. all rights reserved. or by any other means. free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you.

or by any other means. Clip remaining excess yarn. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two.Visit our website www.lionbrand. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. electronically.com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. free instruction and more! 24.com for hundreds of free patterns. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! 25.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. pass first stitch worked over second to bind off. With third needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. knit together one stitch from each needle. electronically.lionbrand.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure. . including photocopying -. or by any other means. *knit together one stitch from each needle. repeat form * across to last stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each.mechanically.

To pick up a stitch: 1.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 26.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Slide your other needle underneath. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed.mechanically.com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2. into the stitch as to knit 3.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.

including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up). . electronically. This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar. please contact us at support@lionbrand. which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row. for instance. or by any other means. Pick up the next stitch.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! 4. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn. electronically. free instruction and more! 27. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. all rights reserved.lionbrand. use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout. you have two choices: 1.

Pull yarn through to front. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began. free instruction and more! 28.com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. electronically. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.mechanically. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated. Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete. . When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. It is used to add color details.lionbrand. such as a stripe or small motif. all rights reserved.

You'll have two pieces to join. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles. Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes. free instruction and more! 29. electronically. one side on each of two needles. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1. The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting. . Cut the yarn. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5.Visit our website www. The working thread should be under the needles each time. 6. Hold the needles parallel. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. 8.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. insert the large-eyed. wrong sides together 4. all rights reserved. Working from right to left. 10. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed. Repeat until no stitches remain. or by any other means. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through.lionbrand. including photocopying -. 9. 2.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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