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ME267-assignment01

# ME267-assignment01

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01/29/2015

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# ME 267 Fundamentals of Mechanical Engineering Assignment 01 Submission due: April 27, 2011 Problem 1 Steam is the working fluid in an ideal

Rankine cycle. Superheated steam enters the turbine at 10.0 MPa and 500 oC and saturated liquid exits the condenser at a pressure of 10.0 KPa. The net power output of the cycle is 210 MW. Determine for the cycle (a) the thermal efficiency, (b) the back work ratio, (c) the mass flow rate of the steam, in kg/h, (d) the rate of heat transfer, into the working fluid as it passes through the boiler, in MW, (e) the rate of heat transfer, from the condensing steam as it passes through the condenser, in MW. Assume an isentropic efficiency of 85 percent for the turbine and 80 percent for the pump. [Ans. 34.1%, 0.011, 7×105 kg/hr, 616.5MW, 406.5MW] Problem 2 Steam is the working fluid in a Rankine cycle with superheat and reheat. Steam enters the first-stage turbine at 8.0 MPa, 480 oC, and expands to 0.7 MPa. It is then reheated to 440 oC before entering the second-stage turbine, where it expands to the condenser pressure of 0.008 MPa. The net power output is 100 MW. If the turbine stages and pump are isentropic, determine (a) the thermal efficiency of the cycle, (b) the mass flow rate of steam, in kg/h, (c) the rate of heat transfer from the condensing steam as it passes through the condenser, in MW. Discuss the effects of reheat on the vapor power cycle. (d) If each turbine stage has an isentropic efficiency of 85%, determine the thermal efficiency. [Ans. 40.30%, 2.363×105 kg/hr, 148MW, 35.1%] Problem 3 Consider a regenerative vapor power cycle with one open feedwater heater. Steam enters the turbine at 8.0 MPa, 480 oC and expands to 0.7 MPa, where some of the steam is extracted and diverted to the open feedwater heater operating at 0.7 MPa. The remaining steam expands through the second-stage turbine to the condenser pressure of 0.008 MPa. Saturated liquid exits the open feedwater heater at 0.7 MPa. The isentropic efficiency of each turbine stage is 85% and each pump operates isentropically. If the net power output of the cycle is 100 MW, determine (a) the thermal efficiency and (b) the mass flow rate of steam entering the first turbine stage, in kg/h. [Ans. 36.9%, 3.69×105 kg/hr] Problem 4 A steam power plant operates on an ideal regenerative Rankine cycle. Steam enters the turbine at 6 MPa and 450°C and is condensed in the condenser at 20 kPa. Steam is extracted from the turbine at 0.4 MPa to heat the feedwater in a CLOSED feedwater heater. Water leaves the feedwater heater as a saturated liquid. Show the cycle on a T-s diagram, and determine (a) the net work output per kilogram of steam flowing through the boiler and (b) the thermal efficiency of the cycle. Assume that the feedwater leaves the heater at the condensation temperature of the extracted steam and that the extracted steam leaves the heater as a saturated liquid and is pumped to the line carrying the feedwater. [Ans. 1016.8 kJ/hr, 37.8%]

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