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Darwins Theory Islamic Studies

Darwins Theory Islamic Studies

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Published by: nanabella93 on May 20, 2012
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Over time.a process known as "natural selection." These beneficial mutations are passed on to the next generation. . Darwin's general theory presumes the development of life from non-life and stresses a purely naturalistic (undirected) "descent with modification". the fishes and the flowers -. In a nutshell.all related. complex creatures evolve from more simplistic ancestors naturally over time. beneficial mutations accumulate and the result is an entirely different organism (not just a variation of the original. but an entirely different creature). the beneficial mutations are preserved because they aid survival -. as random genetic mutations occur within an organism's genetic code. That is. Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor: the birds and the bananas.

Ancient Greek philosophers such as Anaximander postulated the development of life from non-life and the evolutionary descent of man from animal. While Darwin's Theory of Evolution is a relatively young archetype. the evolutionary worldview itself is as old as antiquity. Over the centuries. Charles Darwin simply brought something new to the old philosophy -. natural selection eliminates inferior species gradually over time. . leaving only the superior (advantaged) members of the species.a plausible mechanism called "natural selection. Its offspring would inherit that advantage and pass it on to their offspring. Natural selection is the naturalistic equivalent to domestic breeding. Similarly. Breeders eliminate undesirable traits gradually over time. The inferior (disadvantaged) members of the same species would gradually die out. human breeders have produced dramatic changes in domestic animal populations by selecting individuals to breed. Natural selection is the preservation of a functional advantage that enables a species to compete better in the wild. Suppose a member of a species developed a functional advantage (it grew wings and learned to fly)." Natural selection acts to preserve and accumulate minor advantageous genetic mutations.

all of which are necessary for the system to function. Darwin's Theory of Evolution is a slow gradual process. which could not possibly have been formed by numerous. If any one of these parts is missing. If even one part is missing. such a system could not have evolved slowly. a powerful spring. but must advance by short and sure. The mousetrap is irreducibly complex. and a platform to mount the trap. a thin rod called "the hammer. slight modifications. Every individual part is integral. [3] Thus. The common mousetrap is an everyday non-biological example of irreducible complexity. though slow steps. Darwin wrote. my theory would absolutely break down. "…Natural selection acts only by taking advantage of slight successive variations. It is composed of five basic parts: a catch (to hold the bait). successive." a holding bar to secure the hammer in place. piece by piece. the entire system will fail to function." [2] Such a complex organ would be known as an "irreducibly complex system". "If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed." [1] Thus. Each individual part is integral. [4] . she can never take a great and sudden leap. Darwin conceded that. An irreducibly complex system is one composed of multiple parts. the mechanism will not work.

far more complicated than any machinery built by man and absolutely without parallel in the non-living world. Specified complexity pervades the microscopic biological world. the ear and the heart are all examples of irreducible complexity. Molecular biologist Michael Denton wrote. Darwin confessed. weighing less than 10 -12 grams. could have been formed by natural selection. biochemistry and genetics over the past fifty years. seems. absurd in the highest degree. I freely confess. "To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances." [6] . though they were not recognized as such in Darwin's day. We now know that there are in fact tens of thousands of irreducibly complex systems on the cellular level. made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms. Nevertheless. The eye. for admitting different amounts of light. each is in effect a veritable micro-miniaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery." [5] 

And we don't need a microscope to observe irreducible complexity. "Although the tiniest bacterial cells are incredibly small. Darwin's Theory of Evolution is a theory in crisis in light of the tremendous advances we've made in molecular biology. and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration.

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such as the Institute of Creation Research. use these terms in an effort to make it appear that evolutionary biology is a form of secular religion. the term is seldom used in the scientific community. creationists often call those who accept the validity of the modern evolutionary synthesis "evolutionists" and the theory itself as "evolutionism. In the creationevolution controversy. In the context of modern biology. to say someone is a scientist generally implies evolutionary views." Some creationists and creationist organizations. . Since the overwhelming majority of scientists accepts evolution.

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