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Wireless Communications 2Ed - Theodore Rappaport - Solution

Wireless Communications 2Ed - Theodore Rappaport - Solution

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Published by Yogesh Sharma

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Published by: Yogesh Sharma on May 20, 2012
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dej';'iltIto,. jng{4l", r(/l-
 
"
3-'t! 20MHl 1[25 J:J./z (2] 1M cho-l1f1.ds
6,) 400 J 4 ..
,. k t/., 'I m'-"h <etU,
for tJm.M.-d.W'.4i=./ _ _ AHI<At- 1/ 4 ,
M 2= )N>/t·57
1 ,.
( b)
Fnm ( A) , (b) «f>.a cd !"r: ( M J rf tk.: IdIiJ" Sedu/j
(M mlilWe "tIh 6y a foctqr cj 7;11, or l -W.
ALtlJcjJ. 6D' swn-vy CM     tk c'j=<"fy
bJ '"' 54me it -II d"""" tk I>w>k"'f 1''"''''1
11'( cknc. tAt {j()"
o.II0',( ... U,,-
A) Call< ur "'" loa d"" <0 ........ oipIJ O>Ddilion dun", baOOoII' i!,
Ua,odM durrr,r. handot d.- - d..,
mobile ape«! ... '" U -""" (2)
• <!- • re",,,""" """'" .. BS, P._
P ...... - -29Ioc,,{d.-) .. "- .. 10-"'-"" .. 10S3 rn (3)
. d"". """;...d _ .. BS, rad>cs P,,JIO
Uoi", (2).
, ....
P • .,J/O" -29Jog,o!d"o) Q d,.o " ur
ru
,," (el
1083 _ 10-1"· 0 0{71
:n.22(",I . ) 2' U-.x.d$
P"o 2' -116.8 dBm
!o - P,,lJO - P,.- .. !:. 2' 1.2dB.
(0,
(0)
"'
b) If ... Ie< !:. too oeveral cr.. tty !wW!s ..;]I lor I"l'qIlCN!d one!
pab 4...t. ina-etiI", tbo 1iIu&I"" (rallic bel .. ...", ,be b&oe QUo .... &1'1(1
mobile ... i.d.i"'.......,. (MSC). o...be otbo:" hoAd. if!:. is "'" tmAll <1>& •
... P • .JI(J. ody aIi;ht.IY """"""" ,han P • .-.. d ....... "ill _ lime;
to (OItIpieI.t .be (MJ>"l'ioPy ror hi", opeod mobil .. ). and <>O.lb ..... y
boo IcA. d ... <0 UpaJ _di<lon.
;=
Fn;;., (D.),{/;)WU/(C) , W( Car, 5tE tkJ  
[(0/1 by .. fui"(J7 0/ 12h , ur 4-
Fm- Me· • if{.6 jut". J..! co,! 11/7, iTT tllf .
T!...H,.r, M tk 6,," sutn-i--t .
21
O'-' ......... ' .. D
!;<IkA ............ _
FiJW' 1:   0)'0"" uio, d.nor Ii .. N 3 .
• j Co.,rib.,I.D of eo-cl>', ... D'o1 baH ••• ,1"", In _ ,i.r t. the to •• l .0-
channel ... co recoivtd at .he _bile, &nd SIR at tb. mobile
111< ..,.,';but;"" of <","""""nel '- .... ti(IDJ i •• 10< I·th ,10< 1.0 the IOUI eo-
eII&ZI...,] i .... rf ...... it.be nOL of ,II< i."m""",, ';I;»o.b /r0l%l 'b_ .........
''''''s, ttce.m it ,lot """bile

1
1
" .. .... 1":"
l.... ....
,.,
'"
.. btr, .h. 01 'he "",bile, I,,,,,, the l'lh but ...... iaD iD
the Hh ti .. , iii .... by
p.1- P, (l)
,"." ;..'" diot.at!C< Wtwtc:ll the IIIObilc and Ib.e l·th hue _ iD the r...b ';<r.
10 this p,oblffl>, ....... m< tba. tb. mohlle is Joe"td., \hecell bowIda:r ( ... 1St
caoo lit ... tioo), .,b .... I • ..-;_ ,be ...u.sl d .. ir«l lipoJ 1:0111 ;\.5 -vIA& but
OIalio:a. r igurt I .-. the fA bue .. a.loaJ ...,d 'be mobiio. lor dl1lloer
Ii .. N .. 3. Tabl .. 5 Ihr<uF> 7 ........ tW lou • .., d.ho ... I bMc nail"".
;., .be lim ,b,... , .... 10' 01"" . ........ N _ 1.3 . • ",d 7.
The.otal i • ..mf«l<'O" ,be IIItIbIle iI.
• •
I-I:
,.,
<oj , .j
Table I show> D.'",oJi1od .-jtb P,f Fr', 10: eod> 'ier, ""d pa.h I"" .. poo.nu
.. 2. 3."d 4 and . 1", ,"," si_ N .. 1.:l. 4 ... d 7.
Table 1; I ... n.mo .. JlQ I .. d""" w.. N .. I, 3, ODd 7, ...... path 1000 ",poo •• 10
n .. 2,30Dd ••
T.t>It Co.o<ribu.tio. CHi of __ ..... ' i ••• io tho ,.,;., lO.he ""Ill C(>-
d.""".1 i,,"fI ...... : du"" 1Ii_ foo' .. I, 3, ....... 7 ...... pal. _ !:Cp""eat.< n = 2,
3
w ........... ",,,,",,,III< '"'." it..t<OO of ..,·ct."", •• 1 b..,. .t.tiOIl.l i • • o.ch l ia 10
It>. ",,,I ..,.eIl&ll • • ' i.",r .... "". uaioS
J lO
C"' I .. T x lOO1li.
",
Table 2 ...... F""" 2 0') for.act. tier, aa<l pa.h   r, .. 2, 3
....0 ........ dult<rsi ... N _I,3,I..,d 7.
I
I
-,--'-"""""'=::1
H:!!
"
.. , "
. ,
-_.-.
",< t ::::j
, I' , ...
\ .. :,\... ' .
. -.. -.
"::::: . .j
', ..... ,
. ,
-_ .. ,
A
I.. E£J
1· :.\, .....
.. .,.. ' --
-' : :::::.
" " . ..
. ,
"--_.,

F'ir;l''' 2: Coctribu,i"" C""i of <:<>-chanu.1 bN< "'.tio", i. ,he Hier 10 tb< IOta!
t<>-do",,1>tI i.wm.,.,..
Tbe oi",ll .. o-ln .. rret<D« ,,:;0 ...... 0<11)" T tim.,.. .... med. d.1!Ot<d b,.
51 Rf'l. if """"p.....:! bjr
-
srll"'-'Olos" ,<" TIQ
.. ,
,.,
,,·b ... Po.. i. the 1'0"'" of ,b. dtoi:od ' ipo, rttti.....J.t <be ",,,bile &lid &1_
byP .. _ P,R-",
T.t>It 3 &lid F\tu .. 3 ohrJr SIIf'I lor duotu .ue. N .. 1,3,4 &Dd 7 OJ><! poth
'''''' "",poe." .. n .. 2,3
b) c:o.ct.&%Inell.' erf.rence ..,..]y.io
flo", lho I'OS\!lu p,....1b:! i. Piau'''' 2 ancl 3, .... """,Iud. thaI tb. """Irib",;o"
of ....... ticAI ill • &1- tier dopmds mainly OIl ,he path _ "<po .... ,.
The "LImber 01 Ii ... we....cl1O .. b .. «>mputio, SIR de;>a>dI ca lhoe
cIe.iJf!d .ca.n,,), 01 ,he ,.,,111.1. 1a this pt<Ibl, ...... ".;11 .... "'" thol we ....,
ICIer". &II .,..,0: of M as ;. tht <StI"' .... of SIR. We 1:00 ... _ ..... tIIo, only
b ............... I. ,b. lirst !.h,.., Lion prod_ au.
..... li<w in ""'''' distaD, ti ... pood..,. oecUliblc   Tbor./ore,
,,,,. SIR., th. Is SIRC' )
SI ft.') - .. "";m-;c
",
E'f,. .. SIRIT'J_SIR<' 1 1_1, 2 (iDdB).
,.,
,{
r
---,'=,,-oc'c-c'- -, -,

---
-"---- -
1-
-. _---- ..
o _
l.u
--0 Gl'"
• 0 . _ ,
'. . "-,
' -
-
-
-, .,,-,,-,",,-''j,
......... _ ,
" r
---'O'-'-'-""'-"--,
" -------- -- --- .
"I' Gl' -'
o • • ,
1

0",
. -- ... .... ---- --
1.
---. -

- 0 ___ _ _ •
- -;, •• - - ,,-,",,--1,
_ .. _ ,
..... .. ,
,
-. -..
<, !--" •• ,-,,--",-'-":-'-1,

rlr;urt l Sipol_l->-in\ , tf ...... rot ioo., tho mobil. IOelled ,\ ,b, « II oou"d&ry, when
.... Iy <he T tim ot' co-<:h&o .... «110 .... coIIJjdered
Tab!< 3 SipaJ ..... i.'<ff.-.e ""io . t tho mobile located ... t M 0011 bwudory, ."1><00
,h. £,.., Tti ... <ell. on<OUidued. cl ..... '.w. N . I, 3, ODd 7 o..od
p,,'h I ....   .. " 3 ODd
3-' (fti ,J
U';nl th. ""yl .. r"""   3, ... "*" t(lmputf ET'A (Of d ..... , ';," N .. 1.
l , 4 ...., 7 &od pt.th lou "PODell,. " .. 1. J &lid 4. Raulu or< __ io
T.bk4.
W. _dud., rOt ",0, <: 0.5 dB,
- Path w.. U pO<>eDt n .. 2,
We need '" _ri"", all .. ,udbs '" clur.<: Ii ...
- P at b 10 .. expo" " n, n .. J,
W. MIld 1.0 <OJWder 1110 5 .. , ,..., titts. "p'dl .. '" cl ...........
- Path \aq upotle,,' D" 4:
rOt 01"' .... Ii .. /If .. 1. we ""Y cowd .. ,It. 6", Ik. onl,; for cIu .• '" ,;''''
N .. 3, 4 ,0<1 7 • ..., 0«<1 to "" .. i<kr ,b. s .. , '1O\l ,ie ...
Table 4" Enot tbe __ 0/ SIR...,,,, ""Iy the E .. , T ti ..... lor <I ...... oj,..
N .. l. 3. 4 ODd 7 &a<l path \000 ""1>0""'''''''' 2, J tJ>d 4.
Loca:"", of(/) ;Om .. l buo I!nt 11 .... s.m", c:dl is loa ...
• , lbr crili" or "'" coordi:>ate 1)'$'""'. Coordi ...... ..wi ...... n" .. lioed ";110 R.
. ,
,.,
N .. 4
.,

,

,

,

,
,
U ..
......
" ...

, . ...,
U32!
....

,
.-
1.7321 U .. U ilSl
.. ...,
U541
, ...
,
·UOOO
.. -
-1. 5\100 2.5931 -3,0000
1.7321 -).SOOO
4.3301

-UOOo
. ""
., ...
.....
. ...,
_1 .7321 ..... .....
, ..,.
·1.n21
., ....
.2.5981
..,.
-3.4641
-, ...


, ...
. ""
, ....
-2.598\
,...,
-1.1321
,..,

26
)_j c4-
J
T.bIo 6, I.oca.\ioo of bo.oo outloao I. tb. oec:ond tier. S<rvin, cell is
J..,..o.«d al , ... <>riB" nl ,t.. 'J"""'. Coordinate> r and &r< D(>mIali1!Od
",' ah R.
,. ,
" • 3
!I.' . 4
-,

,

,

,

,
,

l.7321

.-
3.4(1) .. ·1.7321

'-'00'
 
,-
 
7.:.000 2.s981

.""
H6tl
,.""
5. 1962
.. ""
6.92S2
.. ""
6.!nS2
"
'1 . .\0000
U9S1
.. "'"
·3.0000


7.79n
"
· 3.0000
I .ml
·30000
S.l9Q
.-

· 3.000Il
"'"
"
_'0000
.-
....
2.51lS]
.-
'.0000
·6.00c0 519(;1
"
-30000
_\.7321 ·G, IXXI(I ....
'.0000
·3.4641
-.-
17J21
"
·1.:.000
_25Ml
. ..,
_2..59S1
-'0000
·H9t';l -7.WOO ·2.5981
"
.. ""
·3.#-11
·3,0000 -519'32
•. 0000
-6.9252
· UlOOO ·6.9282
"
' '''''
.H9!1 ·a,oem
·:;.1962
""'"

-,,..
·1.19<12
"
'''''
_1.1321
'0000
_5.l962
.-
-J.46tJ
''''''
· 86603
"
,-

.. ,..,
-2.5QSI
.. "'"

'.0000
·5.1962
Tobie 7, 1.«.""" of to-do...,. ,] baoot ... ,10 .. 1.0 ,II. third tin. Se",,,, otll is Ioatod
., lb. Grir;in of (M <OOC<Ii:at. "ys .. ," _ Coo,d,na, .. r Uld &rt Dorm>.!;,,,, wid, R
. , . ,
N · 4
.


,

, ,
"
.... 2.lI9!Il
.. ""

....
S.1962
13.500(1
·B!I!Il
W
''''''
3.4641

25\181
'0000
.m 12.0000 1.7321
"
, ....
.,'",
, ....
H9Q
'0000
10.5000 6.(16n
"
..... 5.1962
.....
7.7942 .0000
lO,m3
'.0000
1O.WZJ
"
-J.WOO 0301

7.1942
....
.. lU:.sJ
"
·3.0000
3.4641
-,,..
7.7942
.""
6.m2
.. "'"

"
_uooo
2.5951
.-
7m2

• •. 5000
11.9904

-4.5000
.""
_MOOO U9G2 ·9.0000
1.7J21
_uooo
.""
"

.-
-,,..

·11_0000
· 1.7321
·10,5000
606:!'2

""'''
·2.5981

' .0000
_9_00r0

-13.:1000 2.:.951

·3,0000 -3.1&11
-,-

'.0000
-12.0000 ·1.73.21

-1.5000 -4.3301
-.-
·5.1\IG2

-8.6&03 -10.5000 .,£,O!\Z!
"
·0,00:10
- 4,SO(XI
·7,m2
.... ·10.lr.3
_. 0000
·lo.J9'2l
n
,."""
-U301
_1.5000
·7.7942
"""
.,-,""
_._5000
· ll_2M3

'0000
·3.46<11
, ....
·7.m2
' .0000
-M282 ..... _12.12«<
"
......
.....
.-

."'"
-!a904
"
...... ...... ...... -U9G2
.-
-17321
'''''''
·U2&
"
UOOO
•. "'"
, ....
·2.59U
."'"
"'"
10.SOOO ·um:!
Hoi
fa) JI MIA too CflaMek
2 ·30kJl.
(bJ q,Z oF 100 "'''''3' ' qo oel""l'
qo- UA, • U(OI) _> U- 91X! usa:;
(0) of.r;"d 90l , C "/OIJ .., 003 fi= rph 3·.)
37. aos
(0) EaoJ,!<,"" "'"
.j;."" 1/Uph
(1"')
333 ","''''''/, ; 6<>5·3%
.." "2:;        
15' Ii A, (,u.P'{..)
(j ... 250 "'3 s(.(!./ors
U- 750 users
'f:/"'" .. jpo 500 x 900 r6:rS
ke1
( Kb,CiDIJ'PS
8J tJ..J S<IU',e ;d/uJ w.d m e""""r "} , 9, JIf'-'J
fnm fc 60# seemed
t/..t "'j r = -f = 9· G,Ky.
P,[ I; ,i'''"' tIv ['f..t B     we '\"'c
'" '/fd 1,#,       rr ""ff A" f./
F<>r .M: 1( .. (1/ /au. fI= J lnV,klf:/C,:t!(. tf", i 0.1(1
iI.M et.J. set(A sui"" (fUt
U=..L1...= 1·/ =
{J.I-i to}
=) ,ul 'rt;
J12]
/'" A..,. lb
(EUlP. Jl """"cd:"""'" IDeo. OOS .. J%,1oIodd ..   oj ......
"' .......... w;1I 1>< ",I ......
oj ........... _,.".,.,.ot .. .... ·..r.
lh", ... 1.-0, .. ""r .. ..l in ptObkm 1.7
,
,.-
"
P ',01 "",",,,,,1)' ,fbOoth" "II<
(;011 _N.7«1\ ...... PS
IooIi>l _
A,(I'.ct.......:GOSI: ... .A)
A'{'.C)-ll.lll rn..o"
A,(r.c)
t<..-of...,.. U." ". u·nJ,tll

b) ......... ""_ond...,....,., ...... f"" .....
m ......
Sioa III< • ..... ""'" _ff"" .... of .. oW 0Jll. TIo. .......... _ «II> _ "'1Vl. _II. ..
... ""';.."'":. .... «11 Thtotlot ..... _tt«l by ......... I .. ..
. { r :.4{ :' J .011.' ""'""" -" ....... of .. <>ria .... «II
to ................. sr."R. .... ,......." ....... of .......... 11>...,., '"' _"' the ., ....
on_I .. II ..
_p, lDII r, ...... _ol ... _._ ..... oId __ .....
If ',_Jl ... II, .. P,- l .......
C:-S7 to< ....... ,dI r'> ..... u ..... of , ....... of ... "II ' 0"
lb. c<U p, ..... """"jlC<U.
d) k ... rr" io "''-''''y .. , " .......... frIO toy _! .,'" "In Will .... ,,-iJo<y of
010<'"" ............ " lie ,.."otlow Q.I.,.&I\a ... spOI?
m
U"
4
U-"J ... ",..,. ...
,"oO-A. ""ll67 Ert.ap
Ne .. 01 channe" per ...n
.1/ .. "umbo, of chan ...... ",I.bl. iu ,h. 'Y"!'rn (300 do.,," ... )
N .. dou«, oi""
c; .... 'lI<     '" chan:l.ls pet OOJ aD<! tile clesi(Dtd *"*;n& probo.bi6ty
1\ .. ''', .. c:a:: coa:pu:e ,h. muo",um u.""ntd 'rollit pet .. U;u Erl.u:, (Ce)
",in, 1:,1"" D formula
ODd .be 0::"';"""" ca.-ried tral!ic Lo .he rys!ft:I C

(lO)
(II)
Si."" Old ... , ofr ..... !t&ffi<; d 0.(\4 E,'""" lb, maxi= ... "",be< 01 .......
rupporud by r.b< ')'S'<rn ..
N" .. (11)
Tabl.2: I'umbt, of chanoel< p'" <oU (Nc),..rn.d tn.Hi. pel" ctlI (Cc). total <&mod
1:0.5< ... \11< tyS\.e::II Ie), aDd maxi_ ...... bcr 01-.. ;" \11< symm (Nul, for
dou"" oil" N .. 7 and 12. Block;., probabil;1y I%..
"
1) Since mobiles . ...;th tolls. are ernai", trlI bowl ..... ..; .. (Ieo.vi",.
c..ll ""d coterin, &llOther), .h. a''Inge <0.11 d",atlon. f,om a pattkula.: base
.tatIan P"f'SI'<di ..... doc' .......
2) Some ""go;n, c.o.lls <nl.elin,' <tIl '" 'mnlul. d"" I<> lad<
<>f a .... \o.bI. " """",b In .bti, """. 0:111. rt!d"","1 lbe • .-crace call dural"'"
3) Whnl mobiles wi1..b ongoiqI: .,.11. &10 tIlterin& • ... 11 . the <:011
roQ ...... flied that ""n io by n"",aill request ,au !ca.'l ''''' .......
from mobil .. already with;" ,110: """l, and rtqU<$.> m.do by mobileo ... .
Imng the cell (.,j,b 0tI""1I& calls).
(()J 6t'1tn COS:: lJ.
ck.nd< , f"" tf" 6f.t 8 d.0I{'
At'tI./ = /-1  
Fe..- (.
AMof. " J+
{;y ( : 4D
Ato:o.( ;::
I')
fA::: A'Pi
'" H
"" A _ At.,
- 7 =-
=
(n For ( :4 AU'o(=t.! bioI. . juMYu.i{
tIJ. Eft'"') C c.<,..,;. fve A4t't
P,{""; ,,] 003
- > >""'J
;:: ODJ .... (>Jff[-(1+t),(IM,!toS ] =- oN7
3·,5 (p,;',
1* c "" cfw.,.i;.. At4kl': 14 wt A.-.
[dJ,y >t> ] ..: IN'
=> MM:J><h;u )· Md4J"} '7[,(,·A<JJ)·,,,o/H]
-'= fOel)( exr {- (ok-I4-);o;ac/r
c
s
FIt'r (:- +0 Atl{o,( =?I [drys, tve
P,I '""'r') = "7
=> P, [dds
J
J = .a7A exf! -(h-f I) .)" .... J ...: 0 0/3
(d) f.,.", (c) we (all S, e tiv1 tN rlxWltty t.W- t:-. CAtl
7,·,t{ k   fr At:W th" .2.0 w...uIs in It tn.! e;L(
U 4., "" "j raid'"  
" /m.t w( rMtfd 7l(th>
1"r but.. 1l'i... " ')"',., IW "'''!' 6&<044 w" .
3-/( .. 1 !iJr 7 cetI /'1!.t'M ptttitm, tk ihwj&flh«. s1"'"
,
/)(I...<r f-' M&Nr t/Wlh)",·;t/e.-- i.>
flo p, (-!:r' · Ptf";,T
JV/.Jrl It tJ" fnv"w>.( in /;m,   j)
tk . d.:st(I.I'I(R pieR ewer oj1h. /I..2IVt&t" CIJ-d.svv.d (etU.
r)6 eN ",,'0- n"h/c..j,. III c..s.t. , Pr=,mW. N.:7.
d.':J/"!, n=L t4." hot
32
J,I. G>.: 'd
(
flN ')"
".[.,)  
" ", 1m.
(
/ELI)"
;> I' '''',. I ... 1- d >4'
p - <_In 8'" ;) Y ,D.' trl
,.IV
lB 01 ... aU =:: $f .
nWlDv of w.&"1 ;, <I aU U= Om. ,,(ell X wer r/Qt.si1
:: 05/4.( =- 5167 >0ef1
A" t( -aH:: )161'( en  
(in.. {, f" f "'" ["":J C CIf,.,-r. '" """ "" r".'/''1
ik A call ,.,1/ k "'bjd
f'["/'J , 0J : 05
-> M M'J , .. f'l"",:! >oj
IJ ;( 'tX! [- ><'.VIto]
{) /3 6
33
.::Ell Fe, 4 (ell /'"""" <>uI 3 ""'" f'u elf. ""
(t:U, d""de zk ?15 fr,U 11 S""'-SUJ,(6.!l,
:>3 ck,...dt. In sMSU . tit c/q; .. ut
c:k.-i U /2 tl-;t- EttM ceil
oj CIl( r 07lR. Th(.-j
U itiK,&.tro.!d ,7,?N ck-r fWPI u{,
l%-!-J...w .. w,'U! te 'th cknr.
(e{/ (;.Sth "' >u./'1e1. 7A11Cf/c . tvk 7'
U a... ».ty. 1m.-, I to 1 M.(/ A .. B. IJnd C  
d..ferN' SU/F). 'r&r'ft-"I' TN.. {Q/ftl fI..-.W oj
cltw."uf -m .:>- ( et{ W;4<J 99.. TAx {PIt.(vw,eJ 1
""",!..J t. '" '""',.{

34
"oi s,;...iAly, for 4 ,e/I "w ril." "Vi 6
r r edt, M (#I cAt 37S met mic.
476=24 s.'./:;.«s. [ad i6 fAk!eJ ,..,-u. tV'
/WAkr , fa..,,{ I j • iMr>, ' nvjOO t- ' t< 4-
cwI tN (PUff r ' Ii f.., F . TJ..,. ""_w ,wI
"'" Mw <bun fN cell .... .M sea.. """" ,
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cell,
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6il"Jl fJW< lodS = /0. Ivf
tlln!.l j f;"" = k- 8 .. · FI., k J? &Iv'lAn CII!>-fMr.
To 'J1, 'f<
.... ) fbr". : J 38 X/o-'lf$O)(/.'
=1')l'/I1-
15
(W) =-  
(b) kr 6511,
"'i> 1u.>''5t fie"". =K G ... F L  
=- 81((0'/; ( Iv) = (d8,.,)
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:0) 1'....,..;:.( -117·1 (dS,., J
(d) Fu-r PEeL B .. ; I}J'$ 11Hz
"9 rcm:v.  
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= -?() -( -117- 2 ) ::: )2-) I(B
31
3.l3 (m,1'd
(b) ,;/,//?=·1o - (-III) '"
(() SN!?:- -90 - (-111·J) "" 271 dB
SAl/? = -70- (-Iot·6) 11-6 d8
(e) SAIl? = = {$.IdS
(I ) );VR =: -9f1- (-114) '"' 24 de
See tk t<V tMt
3 'S I S" tk MATiAS fro),,,,,, ! ,_",.m eM hjr36foJJh.
1" tIu. 7" tk tnt, ;"t&<H'j "f Y.J.
S4Urtd SjS16lr. to tkt oj t1.t. (;1Mi-d.redi.7V<{ i>.A.l1W'4
sytfJltl , 1':: . i? .sA.., ..... fry oj
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Fn- /'oJ; =,-(p[,j.'=::;>  
T..4,,:., !-Ill . (In   7 fl>..l
of 1';0 I-<'//.{ b. dw. 't .. {
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r " Iv"" 2;> ..  
3.27 &N'd
rAi) oj 6l>kHz lY" "r cJ..tv.rd if., 7
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(£) 6/ve,. ).Ie fp.. t;fp.{ n.,,,,J:.v 'f «r...lto{ dw.r.d..
o
:" 11.. Wf I.JWE w it<: cncv .. /-'.(
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n",.,b, ::/ co-.(I"fJ{ d.PN .. c! f for ftu;!" ((!,N,M"
.N'Cn . ,c:: N'cr- .. 8::- .... ", 2/  

(el fc,y 7-(e{) .. }./07. .. 58
_") D"' 1·S3 R..   R t/:J "'4;1') oj iN.. edt
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=> D=
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0) SIR
ord .. \0 compUIe 1M mill .... "" SIR. ot tho 0D0bil., .. -.oj to d.termi ... ,kt
Dumi><t Dr iat<rf.ri", bue O\OOt"'" In eado p<mibl. ... hid> c&Il to.
d .... ..,. oad L 'lW>Ie 1110 __ ,be ... mho< oliDtorleri", buo
ototiooM ill tbdrot tier, _ l MOto" (8W .. 120") ""d 6 M!Ct"" (BW .. 60")
"""..sed, l<>r dUller ,,>eO N .. 3 oA<l t.
u.iD.t. Up""";'D (I) . .. r!<ttrnl<M tho mini"'""" SlR (opprmim&tion) in e.o<h
"".'OUotl (pith "'"' apr:rIIaII .. Resullt on ob:>wrr i111&tr1t 2.
",,,.10" .• I ........ i .. N .. 3 C&nDOt be uoed, , illOt I"" "in:",um SfR odoitvtd
is below SIR .. 1&.1 da 0.. the ote Iw>d. botb 000%0 .. ' ..... usler, 01 ......
si .. N .. 4 on /eosiblc, .. ,orrlioc r:o-cloonn.1 { .... "'i.' tho, a
dilf ...... olO.! dB iI oq;i(iblt).
b) M"",mum ",rrl<>i ,rofft< P"
Lt-t ... DOtI' =pu,« tit< carTiod!tw pt. odI, .. b.., ... ,.,ri", is u.or:rcI ..
lui"",', oWL ""ctGr is ... i",od • ,"bot< of ,b ... , 01 ch.,..ob   \0 u.. ".n.
For ",.",pi<. lot 'Juno< .... N _3, oocb oell i. o.uipod 3OO{3 E 100 ..... "01 •.
[f""...,."ra ..... "'pI01<>'l. ad> OOC\Of .. ...;pod '" 1& doaD.o ....
Erion, B 1o"".Ia .... Sod that .... __ earn.. a ",&Xi","", ',a.'!i< of g ,g:)
ulo.op at. blod:int probobilit:o' olO.OZ. ·n. ... f", •. tM muI .. _ trw "."i,d
by toch ".n .. 9.&3 .. 14,91 uloql. R<pco,;os 'his pl'O<r'Jdu,", .. c&Il
""mpu," ,b. muimum e"";od "..mo po, .. 11 fo, otb« ",,",".-!d'u &lid d ........
..... Tobit J p ......... tire .... Ita.
Tobio I. of mt<rIori.o, 1101"01 ill 1M fi m ,;,,, (., ) wb • • J _to,..
(BW .. 120') ODd 6 _ (BW .. W' ) .... 1IMJd.
   
Tobit 2: Mi.oiIIW<tI SIR..mit""" -......,,;11& .. uood. for d_ si_ N _ 3 &lid
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T.bI< 3: Muim" m com..l ".me per .. II (ID &Io.op) ... hu. _III it -.:I, foo
r:I ....... ,;... N .. 3 &lid t . 300 d\o.o..o •• "';lablt iD tM l)'fte:n. P • • 2%
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tu.t .. (aJ; $5XIO
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(c) Fff eflCh oe-' etuA ru f::'!iOXI7::.f>6
to

AHWU th /I.-I- of PI th ftri-l "ff i
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tN ?>UtA j'" 'I '/"""';" "
G· ( 1'1-t MI -UM'f3I'f) ·F = 1511p
Wf AUti G -?- $/ox/o' ;) /o,xIO'
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-'" ISP - 1:> )(0.
0
;:: 1111-/
/4.u tk Jr"v"'t>t«,,, """""b£,,- 1 (fn tIu frst "tt
of   is /1/2
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CHAPTER 4
P, •
4 (..t br 4' "- (5:1)( -n W
C ... )' d' (.,.) '( •. 91
b) p,. - Dd ' A. =     A.e
11.C>ft' W
C" p,- ' (,-X")/"(', -3,"D-' I·
171 -n 4' ,/,
=i'J. 10
1.3/ rro.oW" 0...-.
VQ".· 4·/0·5" Vofh
Vrc.v(' 10" Iblh r .....
• "' U'OI 01
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P£.(4o) .. :10 iot;" .. lOB dB
PL{d,)
-
PI.{41 <- '10 lOS,. .. 128 dB
P.
-
Po ..-G, .. G. - PI. .. 30 + 29+ 29 _ PI. .. sa _ PI.
1'. (4)
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as - 6! .. 10 dn",
1'.(<1,)
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88-1OS _ _ 20dBm
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=>
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;" tJ, of l"''' f", " tkt " (p?,du, /"r), '"
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d » Iu tJu.. "",( "'iJ m "" ,.. '"j-'''
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d <' /0 (Ad 1..,-) :: 33f; trl
HMtct th __ T:.y. ... "'.II!.el
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41
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dC'Jtl1nW:>. tk rt.ait'til j...ifs off ktwa YtU'"d
to 'h r- 'r At • "", 'f "dSjdude , o-uI
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o d[" (A'j"J't- J[" I¥!'l'
d ?> !..ttlt,., (/utAr)' o!.<1 (k..J..r)'
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lbj T-ylor series OffTl»("""t,on. we' kre
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= d - ('1)'/)
=: d .f.
d '
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wkn d ;f;> Iw -I J" r. M kt
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10",",,,(1 . .108 10-
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(16)
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0
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d) I. o:rd"" to ... 'Il< 2· ,&y <I><><lel &pp<OXinw.ioct, Lhe loI"""i", condilion
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" - ,- .. 9$00 m
(IS)
5i".,. d_ 1OOOO m. un """ the followi", equ&tionl for ..... """lid
rftIoc\ioon model,
P. (W)

PoG C    
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(19)
Wl.,5'


50 · ) · 2 · --
"'TOO<

10-" W
(21 )
P.(dB ... )

-mdB ...

J"d'!
M IIf!1I(/ to f)nJ Q d, 5u.cA tkt do.::: - =..:
L.'I = d "- d.::: / udl..J''''f - lU,, -I .. )' .. '!'
::»   - jrlu-ftddj =;.
;:::) {llFt"-, l" dj' (I.
r
J'-uf/+ lot Jt. J"u.,'-.-' ,,-',.- .,,'-;
.::: ') d
f
, jt6Att.: (A ' I ' J' '£
t.j",. 16
(,) }d .• , · , d.fHif,·
p" jd:.J,' = e/,/,t(i,t
5'
.I, .,
1.1. Gmt 'd
=> 010 ('1J-'.fJ" j,
=/
d,-rd,
=:> y =- A·      
d.-;,
0< '/ 'a,J,
;""'''''.)
AI
dr'd. )
J, '(1,
1,17/ A 8"""'.1 <bitn 1\11< for ..... links iJ deaTonoo oj II>< firt' !'I-ernel
oone. FOf" I kno link at C14 • .,hal • Ih. mwlltWll fil'Jl FI'<SJ>tI :..-
""hco' \\"Ul clear....,., if; mquirud ro. lhis l)"Itetn"
< 3MI0'
A_ J*   III' _0.12 m

1'01' II>< fit1\ Frconel zone: n_ L The maximum Fran.1 ...... rod;", """"'" fa d, •
dl .. 500m. U .... EQ<=<Dn (06ll)< Freond:roo< rod' .... fow'!cI., be
n>.J,d
l
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,.- J;"';d,"V m
(24)
TbID,SS," Ii,..., PI".s"e1 ..,IIe dtatance would require at lta.: US _ 3.01m
01>0..: the WtttllClioo 10 ,he WS p.,h ... hoWilIn the ;:,.,.. b-Io ... ,
Fresnel Zone Clearance
Tx
4.1,,1 .. " "", u.-
..
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r
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:Lo .. :: ... ;;=;. . d .. _
--
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'1 -flI 6",'(/1 l :,de:f /')!>f
G,,1tfg, ). j< =9Dcf1th.
We Iv. >'t A( : f; :- 0-3n (I») Md flff h!CM'!./
f: /i . Gr-t;; At' _ lo,Tlo/u. $$J'
i'fly- (47/j'd',1 -  
- '1 f1 x/o" r",) :.. -5;-5 dB""
kli'w M (WI Ii ",
QJcotN,. Y ... 6h\J (1 by er.f'Tlx""-'!ti?h-

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\, r;."
=> "" = (?i .p " .-?!5 .::: (rod)
aJUi v= 01 - /
2
11,11, = =zt-/
2
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U$Vtj ti..J crJlOYimni(fo,   (3 -:5J. e) , we o/;t,.;"
4d (dt)=: .M IiJf (.£:!...!i ) 1I >..?
1/
:: ).. .f.y (.£:!!1)
J" L6 ./)
= ·fJ.'. dB.
:> P"ro<.,,d = (dB,.,) T C;tI
= . 5i-s . 11- 3
dEl<')
,
  61'1
=;. ft til 4r A' :: l45.uo·6(w):d:.22-4f<1e",)
{
U:: =:       ::, 1- /56
).<{I,,4.;
=;) G.t= ..<-0/ "" ( '?:!.!!...) :.';'0P-
d" V 7/"; .·1S5
....:;> t C;" .:: . 2j . .; - 7 = .-571 dB",
L' =: - 4' 31) dB
"
42
0
Cent 'd
(b)   => A=j;=(N58(M)
'"' PI"'''''' ' = Pr- {j, 6, }.r' :::, 10 -f (IV) = _ ( dB,.-,)
, ('Iff) . " I l
V= cJ   :0-3
0
78)2.0'.-/4<.
  6'1$1 >' S_
,. C;d = (""5):: do &<t( £;J5) = - H·5 dB
d:..- (/ 3",
=>
    fJ-,." + (id  
U : - Gd:= 1-'f.s d8
P/..(o') _ PLo • '''kcl(l40)
PL .. (04) _ PLo • 10tI"",1 .. /4)· "
t.- _ ....     tb< pn6<\-
• .. _ Pt.( .. ) - fLo - 10. tor.i.l
42.2.1 11= >;;; ) rPr(d.)(d81'?)
:: - 15'&;"I/1'"0=--55
d
8'"
F<r !'o-»dBn, PrLI>Id!>V)'O(Y-P.iiJ) %/'
0-
() (-lS-f-
H
)) =. 0(7}) ::./oJ
• cr
=) 1-.2.7 .=;) ():: 175 dB
4231 (e.) Fer int ytv.{ pr:: p.rp;;,
C;!V(II /c"J( w) = -3cdBm, 1/(11'1
}K,.,.   r/ /:2"s x/c"'{w) ":-UdCm
      fP. d: 5tl'l
Ft;r d Z" I" 1<,.,
f ... '" -14 dB",
fr _" -5od8m
Pr :: -56",,,,
4·/3
FI17 d: l)::M
Ftfr (1=5/(11 fr=-5
Itf
Bm
f".. tf ' (Or",. fr 0 - dB",
Frn d " hr,,.,, Pr : -braem
(c)Flfr IF 4 Pr: p.r1j/
[;,1 d'l/<m, Pr::- fJd8M F",d:S}' m, pr=·>"8dg..,
FtfT Fr:-7QdBI>l
(d) hr r .... ,.[ j/fXIII.d r!'{i'''ff»> ,.,odd fA.&i1 t.A; €
p,(rf.)= f,6,lk)" Pdd.) (-tri)'4-'
(111)' d.' Cir q,.}.'
6"f'n j>,: /O-'IV, tip: /I<'m, tH · 6r:od8 : I. : 01"7",,,
=::>   .. ·J' ":'S.671 ' ()
1,,11(-;10' J'./'.> W
tnhkn 4. /2, 1N €X1Jc! f"if,t.S5u,n i>
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r d- _ ;t1< 2 ..
rz;J- - }j:;"" - OttO J' ....... ::- f SlIb rl'.d£
==> PI' = 5"" "';,,,,1,,(#/10 )' /. c <9
(4/(J',1(.b •• ): - Jl-,x_ ( ';.111)
- S 71 X(o", ... ) ...: d8fr1
S"m,,/tV'J. Ffl d= 5/C1>1. o ... nds
=) PI" ,,; "U,Ilo· tr
w
)
Fer d: Id:", , t},,: 9''1 ,....J
> PI': 7 6"');0 ' (I'o' j""': - 5'"'7d/3"l


J
'"
-'.
. .
I
, .•.
.'
;j
.'
,
,
:1
.
"" -',
....... .. .. ' .
'. .
" --
., ... ...
[ :-,-
. ..
., -
,
<
.'
_______ -' .. ".:." ..     ______ __,
''',
'.

"
I .. ,::," " """"",,, ,, ,,,,
..
58
1B (N'd
F,.r d:doJ<m. 6'6:= "·isl r"uh
_> Pr = 5.(2)( /0"'-( w) =- 63 de,.,.
(e) f(.,.- Ertrr-itd H«Ut lII.tlel.
L50 ({;Jk,,) = ; 6· 31 H·t (W'/. - - 0(1.,).,.
},/ ) .f ... d -I
(/" d"
WA.. c." "8 ty, <iCy
().( At ) == 1 Lt.'i? dE jr_, fr ...
-) Cd!.,) == i-}' l;?,.(1I1S.dJ]'- "·'17
Fa. d = ]):M • L (2k!,, )::: +t f.t:J,. - 1,s' .8Jfg',. '1'0_
t f119- 6 1o).&., 11'3
(I'. (J /-
= dB
(/K"l) =- ciB
" Pr= P.(ri8",) - [ls.
'· lo- (fl,."-,;,,,]
. fr d, J/'m .
i" d: fD th> ,
L- d, ;If) r II'> ,
Pr -= -51.c} dB¥)
p, =- -D.t; .!f
t, : -lH "8m
5" tJ, I1ATlA8 rrm pw. M Ry' r -z;,
11D Stt tAt 1"1'''"' fl.?I· .... IU'.J
It am Sty,   Dj ,r"J'''''
t/"J tyf.u, d > 5 k.... ModeU "a. (111./ r;/.M
d<5f:m, tN m-:ddt, d/i<t.(Hf! . Wi",.
/ "
w( (1m uM: tIv   1"Hleuloj :N eK4c1 (1ftS1i..,
7rJ deJ;r '
.) H."uioff .... ,we p,. < P.Jlo ... d > P._ 'IlItfdon.
tbe probaboh,y th.>,. budol! _un 10 ,,_ by
Prr w.dolf J. /'fi P., < P'Jlo) Pt{p,. > p •. _I, (2)
a-h .. , P. •• ""d "",..mOO<! oI",al. at as, a:t<l ns" respoai",ly
p." I. &;von try
• P, - IOn 1oc .. I(D -  
-.
<>,
( .,
Th<trl"",. fo •• li_ c!::Iu""" d,. P", OD(! G."",ia,o ,,.,iobl. "ith
"""dud d .. i .. i"""...,d 11100II1 m, IDe m,. mp«1.ivdy.
Th ... tbe PfOblbility PdP." < Is
. t..- I exp[-(z.m,),["
_ $" :z.r
_ l_Q(P •. llo. m,) .
... <t. Q(r) I, tho Q.fu""Ooe,
(z - ""l'l "
,"'
1"
("
("
s..t.titu'i", (3)-(7) ;"to (2) .... h .. "'" prcbabU,ty ,ba' a h""dolt <><ell,.. ..
a mOCt",. or th. dio> ... '" J, . ri",,,, 2 -. tht.--.I &lU __ _
.t both _ statioaf (m, ond ...,) (1'(01 ;., lbe _ ... ,k!j , f'lpre
J .bo ... :b. pr(Obobility tbot a b."dolt ,.""''''' &10", with tb< PfObabilitica
AlP •. , < P •.• "J &lid > p • .....J.
b) rro", ,be plot ill r.".,.. 3. tho< dinatt« d ... .",dl thaI ,be probabl1ily thaI'
h ... do!!' occurs u equal to m, 10 do.. .. 1000 ",.
'US
Iftl'd.
••
..
'.'
,

r

••
••
. .
..
./"
_ ..... _-

...,., " .)
..
'.

• """-1

,
.,
  ~
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~
- -

-
,.
-
-
- .
. ,
@ TIl(. co-w.raJt:. Ie ... .)
f)( Y) 0 ;0 J p,.,{ M' J > y} dA
: ;;, j/Pn>b[fdO>yj-yodr
:: f/ f O Or y-;:r;, relr (I)
WA-. Mil = cJ- lOll 7,.: , I"h\d oC • f)lllTJS&/ dB. z!.
0. O;v.,(M{ W W-""Pn,'f(9r r,...p-. "'ottv .... "
Ju.IjAr j <VVi JAo'" (Hl.d 5" If" J Y
a [ y- p;r;j ) - .J._ ;,.' ( )1- '>"-r l.or'/l.J1nJ
(Y'.) (J"", "
rio.- M"" co; :V-IX b : (10· ,,1'04 f J/(lYI>J MJ"
d O""{l 0 -ql' '/ ' ,
tHY): y_).f!r-
o
trj(lO
f
bt.#)dr
.,!.e{("'J t = ().,b.ft., , y("t'
"Re"i- . d" f·e-'ii,k
S"'hJtlt,d
J
t: 0,/6.&,; "'t., (1.) , we Ob{;.,,,
tAry): -t - R>;: dt

- "2 - b ) __ e erfmdt
  1'=-1 ,.,1.. 0 Wf old .. ",
I f"" _.1
tAr}); "2- To __ e T06l-11_O'*
I It-" -t'
::: 2' if) ... e 0 e1rt) af (4)
••
h
••
..
••
..
••
..
C
rrr.;{ f d
4 . 2("
wkn ,,-= [). (5) bUJ»oo .. 1
UlV)o; (" ef.[I-"fd)]}
( 5)
(6) .
4171 /l!)I>< fJwt F:::: gdl!, i:: 6· 5. ('€(tIo£f' bwj ... dtA
8", : .
il-- ': K·E ... · r r.. whr'! J< i> (pojlA"t,
To: )10"1'"
 
= =-121. 1(118"')
-> Y == nWf j'(}n-(dB"'1+ SIoI!?(a!»
= - a/· ) 1 :to =-/ol.}
S'hCf Pr[ p.".( d' M) > YJ = 0 ( y. f:;J
d
_) ) ::0-95 , W(
y- A(d_ ) -
c = -1'645
Prfd",,) == )J-I /. rs :::: -lilf.l.., /.645 x8 :::: - 82·04.fdC/TI)
J1 : /5W,
6,.:3"8
0
2
,
... ) P.f'i. ):;- Pr. -6
r
· ar·)'
(41f)' · d.' 64
157
1
5·3S .o;2J< O·/U,1' ..: g93)1./(/ '(IV) = -fo'1?dBM
(4 11 )')
P,(J"",,) -= fr (JE,.,)- 1011 fa_ (d;;:) . we )...,t
/0>,4'1,) dd":') kr d o) - PdJ_J '" - 77- (-iI- H)
.t,q !· IN
0" d . -
:::;) o/,.", >r"':' /5· 2 (k,.,)
.i/..,r = k· 8...,.[· To
j ::: 270 == /. llilD-·YW)
=- 117·,(18"')
-M,f>sk(J ).J:- /!Q'"s<' f&'r (dtln) -1 51(1«'8)
':: - IIJ.l -1:;5
,
6iw.n 6l'!(J¢W,    
Pdt/.J: B 61-6,.,-1' ;:     -3.
(411)'.d. 1 Hn',,(looo)' -10<;,,{0 (IV)
[6">'
- " ("
P{d» Prrd.J-
1
ol1<j,. d") =-1-/·5 - 4o::: -51.t;d8,,,
pr IP.(d»Y)' O{Y-;""1 <G[:J!.c'-"""J
,
;: 0 (-/·537s) :0-0-911
, 5
', ( I), P'(I.) . PL(I) • 0,",
. (0. '<,"1 '13., • 'ty":',cc,""""'B4
(d) """",,, e", tiK<liI>:>ool1.'>I., <h< =i>ed 'LpW k>-J &l l kin will I>: Il'""'" No - ll dB",
b p=> yo::r ""',.., .., • Q-          
-  
tA\l::. p..,1>. AT ''''", /'look/
T
"
  1
FIl>m 11>0 Pipe'.       '(IDe;'   U 1/1 dilpsoi4 "'hose foci &r<: <he
1m01"'" and rect i ... "too", . The di,tlnct from «:1" an'''''''1 lQ • point OIl 11><
.Il'psOId IDd ba:t IOIk other ",1aI ... is.l.l2 &fCI.1<f lUI the dlfe;:t JIoIIlI disWl<:C. r,o
>!>own i.o "i&ure j Tht brook po'o'l<'ili be c,",s,d.red .. !be diJ\lllCt for whieh tbe
VOUI'd k""10 ob>tt\II:Ill>< lint F""".eI .-.'
111'0 """10 silo.' eo: tbe dilUlIU. dJ. II ",Ill'" u.. lilll fr=sac:1 ''''''' beCClnl ..
obS:!\Iot.d. i.   by
'"
So, ... e 1<'00' tb. refleCltO<. poml 0',: t. 0ttUr .,we -hrtal: poi"': "" " 'e caD ....."..
.... ' 1 bouo"", otI ... tUipooid and Ibo" B<>e< to tbe rece;v, lnlenna. As. ",."tt.
,
0'
).,'ow . ... e oan"1e i"""e IhO<Jl)' and ill. Iho .... io Fig,"e"  
derival;on of the expr.nioa f«dr
..
. .
'.
f·---<----i
...... '
w. rfom lb. lIe<:otll:try d; (A, _ . ,' >.Od d; ( ... -A.)' •• ,'. Now.
,I"""" t_A, .-h, 4 _.\,_A ..     • • ,' aM d;.!:.' _r,'.
SubiUlUtoOi ;010 (2),
d;. t' -(" . rr ','.4., ·(H
d; +I' _dj +t;' {H
j(" -,'I-W -*,,'j'
(I' - t;')' - z(I' -lI'GJ {U -
_A'd;
"
td; _{I' -4'j J' I' - {f)' 4' . ( H
:> d
f
·±
.f
4}O (pI,"
b:) (I) For tD"imrunc:IIl1 .... , UI.< a ,,"&Ie rogreu,oo. 1>"""" La", model rcl ..
pa!b loss '" T·R $tp&mioa. From Tlbl. D ID Ibo paper. W< ""Y ... \be   10$$
"p<>n001 .=2 . .s6 for ta:lltru' """0" of 8.S Ill.
PL(J) - (I!)o)lov. .. (d) P,
wherepl r l(d.)i, tht pa!h 10" io dO II Ibe ,.f.",ooo <lisu= ofd, ,,, I m (II 1900
MHz. PI " 18.0 dB . .., &i'" ill the PII'"' The received "!;!Ill pow'" i, fouod from
" (dO"l) .. P, (de .. ) • G,{dBI). C,(dB'1- PL(dB)
Si.ce;1 "' .. riveD tho, Ibe U,,".,rul &lid ree,;ve ""enDa, Ole unil)l aaio,
G, .. G • .. I .. OdB;; lb. lnDS.:P'ued pOa'ef is P, .. IH' .. OdBW .. JOdB", <0
p. (dB ... ) .. 30(.:'8 .. ) - l'4,d8). Thl,loa.11 10 tIM: foilOWlO& lesul,,:
(1) For LOS ""';I'DIIIIle:I!l, we "'" Ibe 4oubJ, reF-Woo model. There 1ft ''''0
possibk modols, 00. m whltb!he brnk """" Il fi xed 111b, 1irl!'ltSIlel z ....
el,,,,,,,Cl' diWDC',."d "0, i , v.'hich Ibe hr ... poi" i. determi,ed by. e.rvt fit.
Either i. occqubl • .
F=n:1 BOII·FiI: I'I.,(d) ..
MMSE BesI fit PL,(d)
(10.,)1", .. (4) P,
(10." )1O$,,(d I d / )
• (10..,)101: .. (4,)
· "
(I co.:)ICl\l ,, (d) + p,
(10.; )1OI:,,(d I d.)
+
· "
.,
for)<d<d,
ford>d,
"I 30 Conl·cl
Sin,. we." the Io&.n<>:m>l mod,l. the =eivod 1ip'.1 1>01'·,11 in
dBm "'0\l16 iiI • G .... iilll p,oI:>.billl)' 4"""J fuDctioo . .. -itb m<'iIlI vll11e> ...... 110 tk
pWI Loss values e1I ..... ted pan Ai. resull. we .... y use \be Q-functioo 10
d .. ,rmiDe the m"Hhoo4 th., me reccwed .iJ;nl1 will be gr«ler t!wl Of equal 10
7GdDm. Howe,·." the O-funotiOD tnU51 be .ornuH.,d to hove the d .. im! !IIC"" OIld
"OI>d>Id d<;vralioo.
Frnm Appcrull. D orlh. I .. ,. tho G.U5';" pclfi. ,;v"" by;
. ,
Pr(x x, >. ! ___ e ... · - "· .. ' \rt>;
.. ,,00/211
"d nu)" be re",li n", 'he .... oflht , "bsti ,u,i.., y .. !-:.!. .  
,
..J j  
" l " ('7(U
As • ,,,"It oftbe defioiliOil of the Q-fwlctioo. w, And ,bat
(
...• ) -/ ...• )
'" y > ---;- • "'\ -;- • (II)).
rl ) b ob$lru.::'cd 00";'="011. ror T·R = SO m. III';'lO' = 7.67 It"", Table II.
I
J [
_7th 5149]
  H7  
T.ble f.1 in Iho "Xl, Q(141)ooO,OOII .... "'I.e: - ?OdS .. ] a Thus,
,ber. i, • 99.2% m:dibood lhaL Ill< reociv,d       will C'.ff" ·7Od!;\m.
n.. ,-lIues for T·R = 100 '" and T·R· 11)1)0 mOl. caloub.cd in I ,llDilar llUIlD'r.
teadm£ 10 the rollQ>O-ing I'uults:
(b) for LOS "",'iroomeDIS, tb< lilelibooo! is     ,. th • .wno .... y IS for
oI>lIN<!o:d       .•• cop' 0=7.81 for II .. FreSDo! M$I fit. o.od a=7.23 for
the MMS[ be" r" (lTom Tobie I .flb< Tb;. lad. '" lb. (011""';0£:
d) Th. ovorbollnd moold os Ii'" •• byo. _ .""""' . -""'ere "" is lb. rm1 delly ill
DJ.:l .... ,ond ••• _uJ rU:J) "!be p .. h lou in dB. U.in& 'he '-llu •• at""I".d rot PI th
lou I. pon 1 lead> 10 lb. (olkr<o"" ruu!u:
"
11.'1 uf . ......... thai <be of 6 dB i.dudes co.uibuti<HI. from I>::Idl the
lIl'""" ond 'he ,ootive:. Then the Doi" pow.r ,ef",e.ltD lh. receiver inrut i.
II" a Hr,8 .... -b.re kz   lJX is Bol:>m:uto'. coa .... 1Il. B is Ibe rea;'e:
bllldwidtb. r, i. Ib, ,moie" room tCtnperature. .. dF is Ibe .Di .. lieure. We'lI
l'Sume thaI T. "'" 290 I'
For GSM. B " 200 kllz.loa
N .. HT,8 • (10" XIJSxl X290X200000J = l.l87XI 0' " II' • I K97dB",
from elm 000:05. GSM b .. ell requi,"""",' of 13 dB. 50 Ibc "'"",m1.ZIl re:eiv..:l
power for GSM ;. 1'_ • ·1 U.J7 + 13 - '101.91 dB ....
For [S.136. B &)0 kill.. JO
N " F1-T" B. (IO"XUhlO"" X:!90XlOOOO) • 4.780:10' " W • 1 2311<18",
From .1 ... 11(:< .... [So IJ6 has D'I r<qui..",.", of 14 dB, '0 .... mi:oinwm "",.i,·co!
"g:IIl power for 15·1)6 .. 1'_. ·1B.ll • _1".21 dB ....
All oflb. oceeived .. ,loco calcullled ill pm2 fOf both ob'trIt",.d.nd
LOS lr1: 'oN"",ually than the« IfItniIn"", required villi .... ..
d>t receiYers will !IOI be ooi ... l"nilo<i. at leut ur to 1 km dl ... "ct. Therofore. II" ... .
• ,,""'" IItttt h.,..,...1 noile is th, Oily IiDIIdn, r.nor. lc ...w be pos:I-ibl. , 0 rm:n-•
• lcho .. CSM .' IS-I16 .t "' ... dill.acH ond In tb .... n,'lron",.nt ..
N_. ler", COMidef Ibe 1it:\ilaUCIIl ea\UCd by Ibe time dcily $pIU/1, lb. proble'
stat.",c.' say. that we sh<>uId ... ""'" thaI lilt cquaHZC" is DOl
mtJbilc: rc«i,"t1 .. 1Ien ,be symbol I. &fta,e, ,blll 10 lime.! lhem!.! t
SJtrcl.d. So. 8iveD (!t!r tJri"",1e<f value. for rms <icily spread j'
Deed 10 d<:!.cnn:lIC tbe IfIlftun:am <ymbo1 Of m&Xlrn.un sym\)<>'
so th.ot w. doo', b .. e '0 0" ... equ.di ......... I'ytobol II.
lead. '" ,b. folbo--",& req"; .. IIIOOII:
,.
i/o )0
Fro .. T .blt l! . 12 of the ,ex,. "" ro!>d thll th. da' .. rll< for (iSM;' 27(1.S3) 1>, ..... =.
ODd the da" "It. for 15-1)6 .. 4&.600 b,ui.." (iSM (MI' bll per Iymbol . • 0 ils
symbol '01. 1lld dati n,. v. \!>. Ioam<. IS·1)6 UK. rJ4 OQPSK. >0 ;, bas 2 bj" per
'l"IDboi. "'" iu .).17Il>c>I ,at. h blf the <i.a"- cat •• or 24.)00 ')"mbols'oc<.
If .. " ",.15·1)6 symbol f2l •• pi.$! III, valu .. ulcul l te<! fQl ,1' 0 rr=imum
",. o.l lowltl, "",th<Wt ." eq""""' ..... lind ,ha, Ibe oymbol nl< for GSM is
1= Ib .. the muitnum symbol .. ,. [or III T·R upararioru Ie til "\",fOc.:nen".
Th".for •. it will b. p¢:Ilible 10 ,..,,, •• IS· I li",lI. io III ""."""""'0(> ., . n T·R
..-p. n'joos .. ;t!>oo, on
Ccrnp.a.;ns the ""I.I:Ii'" Ih< !nU' ........ symbol ..... ol""'·, bl. withoo,
iIn "" .... 1.:' ••. w. r,!>d 'hit ,be symbol <ltt r", aSM "I ... ,""" 'he mu;mum.) ..... boI
,..'" r ... IIT.R "",:'.1>00< ;0 IU eal1f0111D:ou£XCEPT ror. T·R O<pIrlIlOoo of I
I:m. w. nod thll for I T·R 'er>",.II01l on bit. I;, letual , yml>ol ",,.IIU</ in GSM il
th .. themu'mum symbol rale allo;w. .. blt: .. ·ilhout II> "" .. Ii= Thcref<l/"e. " ...
mwI uK alIeq .. lizer lo r,e,i" (iSM .ii-C.1s io an ."'11011"",,1>" I T·R .."a",iOll
or I km T·R ..... ,.".,". of SO m 0DCI100 m. &II "".ali ... i. DOl for
n:"'!IIion of  
,.
[,a
I
!, ..
.' ..
H' __ ........ t .... . ... __ • • . ...,..
'1 33 J Q) 6"&1 td.;, hwi .... ltI, = 5o/-lfh
bMJ",.",il, Dr,"
c;h.A1It-{ 5: Bw/o/ = _ r
B" ,/1_
1
.,0
_
b) Itl ..... i.r i I(.I&"j fk..t CAn Ju. .UW) h! ...
j,.j{l {odd Jx6'/ ::
c) Olrllon .i,O", {JdB. {;( ('y ):O-j, /,Ut»Fir,e4.!'(
/",.f R- (/V=trlJ )h:
f, In P'l un > YJ 0 of' if[;, J 0' 7;

) ,PrlPJ -Y =0.<1 -) - ,)
= 0- - f1f.) = C 6/Ci + y =- 0-lr,8'1 (-'}<»
=-tS-/l dBm
-) PLIF.):: Pt (de,..,) - f;ij)(cl8",)
: - (-!S.n) =- 128· /3 dB
  d. = 1/:;., 6r: Oris:l. L =od8=1,
J'''"'''' tTl /odt.< 10. f! :: / tc'/1f!l to tN
PHi") . we ;"'o'! A If -:: I./S j(h)
" P£{.t ): -10./"" [6. (if A'] -/0/1,;;, [1""/}.(."5;)' ]
-(}f' (1,.)' d,' -",.
=' "'l dt
- - e • ..& J-
Ptln'Ptfd.) ... JOf'qlpd". J",n=+,
75
fA
I
"
T-fo./ A-a. 75"00
::::;'> Iv = = ,: /0

(d) Let! i'r;( n1.p.f! Vii{ ck.-« nw-.kr u. if's (&{q

{eNfK Fre.g_"'j (MHl)
/!e. -w-e. rAwwI..
cAb,.J I 11/ /So
We (r1n
H' rJ..N 0{; fr,..c.rl ,."d
f:(lcir
rr o;f
btf 8Q I1lfz
(

tJ" drJ.1llr
jllf
"
('%ua.! to '1-,
'"
150
c4wJ
i"
4x3=12
-'

t.W,
"
5r.J..sd 5: '
-_.
- ---

=
rJ,,,,d'e vU t.'M
Tk
_._._-
"
"
4A 18
'.
38 18
"
"
, ,
«
, ,
4
,
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g
,
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"
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i4
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"
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134
IU
",
ill
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".
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ItS H6
Wi
"7
/5.
_._---
It ( M PI. /FtY» th.(, c,k.r( t4t ea d. s«.b>.el On.ta",,5
(..h"<l ( 2. In s"bw". tt., dosut  
cktW..{ tb t7 0. _). IA 4 [0".,. ceil
fysll'Al / f'o.&/' {f!,U u.k.j cA.lU> f t:1M SI/.J:,kH.
1-1 I ,BI ie. wk-t l' o.n I , u. <f . T¥
flU;' (eli {"an uu. aiD<>-! 3 7 T,.(. ,hw,,,,j
,.
433 &N'd
dA.PtMct 0 ,.Yo.", kit (M de1U1be
ckvrd jY fad. (eU 'n tItP a;
(eL{ ,v"""Otf' , 10
=
N ..... kr 'I b! ett(h
rell I: (d1 2 -3f/ (ell q rel14: q
-
TM cJ,· .. oj thl fo cwr t/,p 07 v..  
tf.J lutte .. ,,'J Fr--e.

=
iO Tot..t MID ckMd:. = cJ.,.u;;r     !<5 = 1£/50=6"0.

')1) T·t,) UQ,r t:./wv.d,.:=: tot,u rd,,, ... g •• Jr.,,/ck....,d
60" oK 8 1-8-«>
f) T.M Ul (Jf hAJ( !(d,"n; '" /vx ,ot!OC" =?SXIO"
Jjf.p.! ClJl1: cf r-4.io ckM.d =- 1-5;.'/0
7
l.flA( en( oj = 5x/{)6"f
77
4·33 (,,,.,"
a) 6"" '/  
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