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Pipe Sim 20091

Pipe Sim 20091

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12/17/2013

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PIPESIM in Perspective

What’s New in 2009
Daniel Lucas-Clements Daniel Lucas-Clements
Product Champion – Production Solutions
Schlumberger Information Solutions
© 2009 Schlumberger. All rights reserved.
An asterisk is used throughout this presentation to denote a mark of Schlumberger. An asterisk is used throughout this presentation to denote a mark of Schlumberger.
Other company, product, and service names are the properties of their respective
owners.
Agenda
PIPESIM* Overview and Development Strategy
Recent Innovations 2006–2008
What’s New in PIPESIM 2009
Next Release and Beyond
In Summary
What is PIPESIM?
Steady State Multiphase Flow Simulator, modeling:
Well Inflow – including detailed completion models
Operations – Nodal Analysis, Sensitivity Analysis
Networks – any size – tested up to 1500 branches
Surface Pipelines – Multiphase Flow, Heat Transfer
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Surface Pipelines – Multiphase Flow, Heat Transfer
PVT – Blackoil, Compositional – Multiflash, SIS Flash, plus solids
modeling of Hydrates, Wax and Asphaltenes
Wellbores – including Gas Lift, ESPs, Rod Pumps
PIPESIM accurately models production systems to diagnose system
constraints, evaluate proposed system changes and optimize
production.
Workflows that PIPESIM supports include:
Well Design & Analysis / Nodal Analysis
Well Optimization
What is PIPESIM used for?
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
5
Well Optimization
Artificial Lift Design & Analysis
Pipeline Sizing
Equipment Design (chokes, compressors)
Network Debottlenecking
Gas Lift Optimization
Flow Assurance
Field Planning
Enhance the capabilities of recently added functionality
Support the objectives of Avocet Integrated Asset Modeler
Add specific optimization and management workflows
Support key client workflows
PIPESIM’s Development Strategy
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Support key client workflows
Target new generalized features based on customer benefit
PIPESIM 2006
Complete re-factoring of calculation
engines – up to 10 times faster
Release of Linux engines
Gas Lift Design improvements
PIPESIM 2007
Extension to Heavy Oil simulation
Enhanced flowline integrity with
Erosion/Corrosion
Improved Flow Assurance with
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Recent Innovations
Gas Lift Design improvements
Improved flow maps
Wax and Asphaltene calculations
Open Link Integration improvement
Coupled Model improvements
Improved Flow Assurance with
advanced Emulsion Models
Ability to model Smart Completions
with Flow Control Valves (FCVs)
Gas Lift Optimization
Advanced Flow Correlations from
TUFFP and OLGA
PIPESIM 2007 – The TOTAL Production System
Choke
Flowline
Pump
Compressor
Separator
Riser
gas
Erosion &
Corrosion
Heavy Oil &
Emulsions Pipeline Pipeline
Integrity Integrity
Flow Flow
Integrated Integrated
PIPESIM 2007 – The Total Production System solution realised
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Completion
Safety Valve
Tubing
Export lines
Reservoir
oil
Shell Flow Correlations
OLGA S 2000
Tulsa University
Enhanced Flow Correlations
Flow
Control
Valves
Smart mart
Wells Wells
Better Solutions to Today’s Workflows
Flow Flow
Assurance Assurance
Integrated Integrated
Operations Operations
Wax Deposition
New Schlumberger-DBR wax
deposition modeler
Equipment Solver
• User can now specify all
three boundary conditions
(flow, inlet pressure, outlet
pressure)
• PIPESIM calculates the
value of any other variable,
such as the completion PI, a
choke bean diameter or a
pump power setting
Ramey Heat Loss
Smart Wells
• Extensions to Flow Control Valve
Modeling
• New Algorithm for solving Multilayer
Injector Wells
Network Constraints
• Automatic chokes to adjust flow to
meet flow rate constraints
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
New in 2008.1
Liquid Loading
• 4 Liquid Loading (LL) Methods
• LL calculations now performed along
the entire length of the well
pump power setting
Updated Flow Correlations
• Olga 5.3
• Olga on 32 bit Linux
Ramey Heat Loss
• Addition of conduction heat loss
correction (from a length of tubing to the
rock formation)
Automated Data
Matching
• Tune the model to match
measured pressure and / or
temperature data
• Uses Aurum optimizer to
get best match possible
Updated EOS Flash
• Multiflash 3.6 on Linux
• 2-phase ECLIPSE flash to
accurately match reservoir
simulation results
Enhanced solving capability for complex flow paths in
Multilayer Wells
Enhanced Wax Deposition Modeling & Wax Sensitivity
Analysis
Enhanced (flow regime dependent) Inside Film
Coefficient
What’s new in 2009.1
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Coefficient
New method for shallow or partially buried pipe heat loss
Enhanced Enthalpy/Temperature calculation
New Rod Pump Simulation
New Flow Correlation/U-regression interface
New Ramey Heat Transfer interface
Enhanced algorithm
to solve reverse
flow in multilayer
wells
Can now handle:
1
2
1+2
PRODUCER
1
2
1-2
PRODUCER
1
2
2-1
PRODUCER
1. Valid Case 2. Valid Case 3. Valid Case
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Solving complex flow paths in Multilayer wells
Can now handle:
Flow downward
in a producer
Flow upward in
an injector
1. Valid Case 2. Valid Case 3. Valid Case
1-2
2
1
INJECTOR
1+2
2
1
INJECTOR
2
1+2
1
INJECTOR
4. Valid Case 5. Valid Case 6. Valid Case
Wax Module jointly developed
by Schlumberger-DBR
Wax properties file can be
obtained through detailed fluid
characterization at
Schlumberger-DBR facility or
generated using DBR Solid
DBR Solid standalone Application
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Schlumberger-DBR wax deposition modeling
1
2
generated using DBR Solid
standalone application
New sensitivities for 2009
2 Phase Oil/Water modeling
available as a service
Single phase module now available to all PIPESIM users
WaxProperty.dbrwax
Select Wax
Model
Set
Limits
Run Model & View Results
Set Wax
Properties
Wax Modeling Workflow
1
3
Limits
Wax results can be viewed from all operations
Add Sensitivities
New 2 Phase flow IFC Model
Developed by TUFFP
Considers effect of Flow
Regime on IFC (important for
heat transfer and wax
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Enhanced Inside Film Coefficient
1
4
heat transfer and wax
deposition)
New method to calculate HTC for
shallow or partially buried pipes,
developed in conjunction with Reading
University
Utilizes 3 dimensional interpolation of
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
New Buried Pipe Heat Loss Method
1
5
Z = +ve
Z = -ve
Z
R
Ground Z=0
Finite Element Analysis
Three methods supported:
PIPESIM Original
Mackay
Ovuworie
New Rod Pump model for single
branch and network modeling
Accessed via equipment menu
in tubing
Gas separation and remixture at
surface
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
New Rod Pump Simulation
1
6
surface
Enhancements
made in the way
PIPESIM handles
Potential/Kinetic
Energy as well as
Ambient film HTC

− =
(
¸
(

¸

|
¹
|

\
|
+ + ∆
s M
W Q dm gz u H δ δ
2
2
1
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Enhanced Enthalpy/Temperature Calculation
1
7
Ambient film HTC
Previous method
can be selected via
engine keywords

(
¸

¸
¹ \
s M
2
Q = U A (T
Fluid
– T
Ambient
)
Used for Pressure/Temperature
matching between PIPESIM and
measured data
Works with an optimizer algorithm that
minimizes the ‘RMS’ error between
measured value (ei) and PIPESIM
( )
( ) ( )
n
hu ff Pc Pe
hu ff P
n
i
i i
RMS

=

=
1
2
,
,
( )
( ) ( )
n
U Tc Te
U T
n
i
i i
RMS

=

=
1
2
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
New Flow Correlation/U-regression Interface
1
8
measured value (ei) and PIPESIM
computed value (ci)
Correction factor for regression
parameters (Friction & L.Holdup
factors – P Match; U-factor – T
Match) are calculated, displayed and
sorted by degree of correction
n
Flow Correlation/U-regression Workflow
Load Measured Data
Set Regression
Parameter and
Limits
Run
Operation &
View results
Update Model
Ramey Model predicts heat
transfer between wellbore and
surrounding rock as a function of
time
Small Time (Transient state)
Large Time (Steady State)
PIPESIM 2009.1 has implemented
Parameter Description Unit
U Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Btu/hr/ft
2
/F
r
o
Pipe segment outer radius (typically
pipe + coatings) ft
r
i
Pipe segment inner radius ft
R
P
Pipe thermal resistance – Calculated Hr-ft-F/Btu
R
R
Rock thermal resistance – Calculated Hr-ft-F/Btu
K
P
Thermal conductivity of the pipe Btu/hr/ft/F
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
New Ramey Heat Transfer Interface
PIPESIM 2009.1 has implemented
Large Time option as under:
K
P
Thermal conductivity of the pipe Btu/hr/ft/F
K
R
Thermal conductivity of the rock Btu/hr/ft/F
f(t)
Time dependent function (intermediate
variable)
α Diffusivity ft
2
/hr
c Rock heat capacity Btu/lb/F
t Time Hr
γ
Euler gamma constant (Typical value
= 0.577) -
ρ Ground density lb/ft3
R P o
R R r
U
+

⋅ ⋅
=
1
2
1
π
( )
P
i o
P
K
r r
R
⋅ ⋅
=
π 2
ln
R
R
K
t f
R

=
π 2
) (
2 2
ln
2
ln
2
1
) ( ) (
0
1 2
1
γ
α
γ
η η − − = − − ≈ ≈
t
r
E t f
o o
c
K
R
= α 577 . 0 ≈ γ
Setup Tubing
and Rock Heat
Transfer
Properties
Run Model & View Results
Ramey’s Heat Transfer Workflow
Modeling of valves and fittings via keywords
64-bit PIPESIM Engine executables for Windows
HPC
Enhanced network performance
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
Additional Enhancements in 2009.1
2
2
Enhanced network performance
Enhanced PS Plot
PIPESIM Multiflash update
PIPESIM OLGA-S update
Production Design
and Simulation
Flow Assurance
and Optimization
Enhanced Engineering
for Operations
Overview Overview Overview Overview 2008/9 2008/9 2008/9 2008/9 2009+ 2009+ 2009+ 2009+
Steady State Multiphase Well Regress Flow & Heat
Flow Assurance workflows
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
PIPESIM – Next Steps
Steady State Multiphase Well
and Network Simulator
Well Hydraulic Design (Inflow,
Completion, Artificial Lift)
Core Engine for OFS Answer
Products (AL, TST, CPL)
Gas Lift Optimization
Open API – Integrated in
Avocet IAM, DECIDE! OFM
Regress Flow & Heat
Multilayer Inj. Wells with Valves
Enhanced Liquid Loading
Flow Assurance (Wax Dep’n)
Heat Transfer Improvements
Engine Performance
Gas Lift Optimization II
Rod Pump Modeling in Network
Customer driven requirements*
Flow Assurance workflows
Smart Well workflows
Performance Improvements
Newton Engine …
Petrel Integration for VFP Tables
Network Sensitivity - Generalized
Optimization
Visualization and results
enhancements, tighter coupling with
Avocet IAM, ECLIPSE
Model multiphase flow from the reservoir
through production facilities to the delivery point
Model complex production networks and
capture the interactions between wells, pipelines
and process equipment
Perform a comprehensive sensitivity analysis
at any point in the hydraulic system using
Overview 2006-2008 New in 2009 The Future Summary
PIPESIM – Summary Benefits
2
4
at any point in the hydraulic system using
multiple parameters
Simulate the field production system to
improve production, make better decisions and
maximize your asset value
Achieve an integrated sandface to process
facility analysis using an integration link with the
HYSYS process simulator

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