Precision Tools

Precision Tools
Gear Cutting Tools & Broaches

Pursuing advanced high-speed technology that is both user and environmentally friendly
Since developing Japan's first broaching machine in the late 1920s, Fujikoshi has developed a variety of tools and machine tools to handle advancements in production systems. Fujikoshi continues to lead the way by developing machining systems that integrate tools and machines.

ndex Gear Cutting Tools Guidance Materials and Coating of Gear Cutting Tools 5 Gear Cutting Comparison and Types NACHI Accuracy of Gear Shaper Cutters Cutting Condition and Regrinding Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type1Standard Dimensions 25 26 27 28 30 31 Technical Introduction Hard Hobbing High Speed Dry Hobbing High Performance Shaving Cutter Dual Forming Rack 6 7 9 Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type2Standard Dimensions Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type2Standard Dimensions Helical Gear Shaper Cutters Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type3Standard Dimensions Clutch Keyway Dimensions Deep Counterbore Type Shaper Cutters Standard Dimensions 10 Sproket Shaper Cutters Standard Dimensions 32 33 34 Hobs Hob Cutting Action and Nomenclature Inclination Angle of Hob and Hobbing Methods Multi-thread Hob and Short Pitched Hob Design Tooth Profiles of Hob and Sign NACHI Accuracy of Gear Hobs Standard Keyways for Hobs Cutting Condition and Regrinding Solid Gear Hobs Standard Dimensions Fine Pitch Gear Hobs Standard Dimensions Involute Spline Hobs Tooth Profile Parallel Side Spline Hobs Standard Dimensions Roller Chain Sproket Hobs Standard Dimensions 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Shaving Cutters Feature and Nomenclature of Shaving Cutters Shaving Methods and Features Shaving Mechanism and Cycle Diagram NACHI Accuracy of Shaving Cutters Standard Number of Cutter Teeth and Simple Calculation for Cutter Width 35 36 37 38 39 Forming Racks Feature and Rolling Principles Example Type of Racks and Basic Dimensions 40 41 42 Other Types of Gear Cutting Tools Gear Shaper Cutters Feature and Nomenclature of Gear Shaper Cutters 24 Gear Chamfering Tools Reverse Lead Taper Tooth Forming Tool 43 44 .

Technical Introduction Hard Broaches Broach for MQL Off-normal Gullet Helical Broach Micro Module Broaching 45 46 47 48 Basic Design and Cutting Method Calculation of Pulling Load Face Angle and Relief Angle Finished Size of Broaches 61 62 63 64 Guidance Terms of Internal Broaches Terms of Surface Broaches Nomenclature of Broaching Machine Cycle of Broaching 49 50 51 52 Pull End 66 Retrievr End 70 GPA Internal Broaches Work Piece Samples of Internal Broaches Involute Spline Broaches Push Broaches Helical Broaches 53 54 55 56 71 Surface Broaches Work Piece Samples of Surface Broaches Connecting Rod Broaches Fir Tree Type Broaches Steering Rack Broaches 57 58 59 60 Broaches Essential Points and Notice for Broaching Process 65 Gear Cutting Tools Broaches Design of Broach .

Guidance Gear Cutting Tools Materials and Coating of Gear Cutting Tools Gear Cutting Tool Material Tool Material HSS� � HSD� SKH51� SKH55� FM34D� FM29A� FM23A� Power HSS FAX31� FAX38� ○ △ ○ � Nitride� TiN� Dual ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ � △ Heat Resistance� Wear Resistance ○ △ △ ○ ○ ○ ○ △ ○ ○ Hobs Gear Shaper Cutters Shaving Cutters Forming Racks ○ Features Toughness Up� Toughness Up� Standard� Crater Wear Resistance� Wear Resistance� Wear Resistance� Guidance FAX55� Carbide Surface Treatment Coating Technology Hardened Steels� 50HRC∼� TiAIN Multilayered Coating� AG Coat TiC TiN+TiC TiCN Multilayered � TiCN Multilayered � Coating� Coating� Platina Coat� UG Coat SG Coat � Hybrid� Surface Modification + � Rigid Film CBN TiAIN Multifunctional � Multilayer Composite Film� Aqua Coat� Dual Coat� GS Hard Coat� � Surface � Modification�   +� Multi-element � & Multilayer � Film Hybrid� Hardened Steels� 40HRC∼ Carbon Steels� Cast Irons TiCN TiN G Coat Generation '80 '85 '90 '95 '00 Hybrid '05 Coating Technology Creation Compound Multilayer Increase of Film ・ ・ VB Wear NACHI’s coating technology developed from research on physical vapor deposition (PVD) ion plating. Tooth Width18mm. 3Thread.0mm/rev. 150HB� Cutting Condition�:Cutting Speed V=150m/min. TiC and TiCN.3 0. Cutting Face Non Coat. RH. � The tool life of coated products are extended to five times those of uncoated products because the coatings have very good wear resistance and solvent resistance.1 TiN Coat 0 1000 2000 3000 Number of Gears 4000 Hob� :φ95×L150× φ31.5° ×30T×30RH. Dry Hobbing 5 . surfaces can be coated with multiple layers of TiN. Feed F=2. 12Number of Teeth.75×PA17. � It makes high speed and high performance possible and greatly reduces total costs. FM34D� Workpieces� :m1. Performance of Dual Coat Hob (mm) 0. SCr420.75.2 Dual Coat 0. By using the peculiarities of ionization acceleration technology.

� Overall Length� Threads� Flutes 50mm� 100� 1� 12 Cutting Conditions Cutting Speed� Feed� Cutting Method� Coolant 2.5mm/rev� 2.Technical Introduction Hard Hobbing� � Suitable for high accuracy gear hobbing of the shaft and small module which was difficult in grinding� Realized high accuracy by hob and spindle one body tooth profiles grinding� Achieved longer tool life by Hyper Dual coat and herd metal of new development Carbide Hob Technical Introduction After Carbide Hob with shank Work Piece Before Accuracy Before Hard Hobbing After Hard Hobbing Before Hard Hobbing After Hard Hobbing Profils Error Lead Error Performance Comparison of Tool life Cutting face Hard Hob� :Non Coat� Competitor :Coat Number of Gears 1500 1000 500 0 NACHI Hard Hob Competitor KE250 (Kashifuji) Workpiece Module� Number of Teeth� Pressure Angle� Tooth Width� Material 2� 6� 20° � 28mm� SCM420(60HRC) Hob Specifications Outside Dia.5mm/rev� Climb Cutting� −� 6 Hard Hobbing� � Gear Cutting Tools Hobbing of hardened gear is possible .

105 Overall Length 150 Threads 3THD 14 Cutting Conditions Feed Rate 2.8 Hob Specifications Outside Dia.2mm/rev Number of Teeth 65 Tooth Width Material 30mm SCR420 Cutting Method Climb Cutting Number of Teeth 48 Tooth Width Material SCR420H Cutting Method Climb Cutting Cutting Length 210m Flutes 7 .5 times the tool life of� competitors 800 530 1.Technical Introduction Gear Cutting Tools Realize High Speed Dry Hobbing of 250m/min High Speed Dry Hobbing Both and hobbing are perfomed by one hob.� Dual coat improves in wear resistance and the heat-resistant oxidation. 85 Overall Length 200 Threads Flutes 4THD 16 Cutting Conditions Feed Rate 2.� Coherence and tenacity.0 500 1.0 1.0 Hob Dual Cut Hob Competitor A Competitor B Hob Conventional Dual Cut Hob Workpiece Module 2.0 1.5mm/rev Workpiece Module 2.� A long tool life is ensured even in high speed dry hobbing.5 Hob Specifications Outside Dia.8 2. wear resistance. anti-welding improve.8 times the tool life of� conventional products 2. too.� New steel class is good in heat-resistant shock and chipping resistance. Dual Cut Hob Technical Introduction High Speed Dry Hobbing Dry Hobbing Performance Comparison of tool life Method Cutting Speed (Pcs/Reg) 1200 Number of Gears 1000 High Speed Dry Hobbing 150m/min Method Cutting speed Wet 120m/min High Speed Dry Hobbing 160m/min Comparison of Tool Life 1.

(mm/revn) 4 HSS (wet) HSS dry (Dry) 3 Hyper Dual (Dry) Hyper Dual Cut Hob Cabide (Dry) 2 1 0 0 100 200 Hobbing speed 300 Performance Comparison of Tool Life 0. too.2 Wear 0.1 0.3 0. high speed dry processing more than 200m/min is possible.� Threads� Flutes 90mm� 3� 12 Cutting Conditions Cutting Speed� Feed� Cutting Method� Coolant 250m/min� 2.05 0 0 40 80 120 Cutting Length 160 200(m) (mm) Convention Hyper Dual More than 5 times the tool � life of conventional hobs Convention Hyper Dual Hobs 40m� Cutting Length 40m� Cutting Length 200m� Cutting Length Workpiece Module� Pressure Angle� Tooth Width� Material 2.87� 15° � 50mm� SCM420(180HB) Hob Specifications Outside Dia.As for the Hyper Dual coating.15 0.2mm/rev� Climb Cutting� −� 8 High Speed Dry Hobbing 400 (m/min) Technical Introduction Feed Cabide (Wet) Gear Cutting Tools Hyper Dual Cut Hob Features .25 0.

Technical Introduction Gear Cutting Tools Realize High-speed Shaving High Performance Shaving Cutter Realize high speed. High Performance Shaving Cutter Technical Introduction Performance Comparison of Tool Life Gear Workpiece m2.5゜46T. Workpiece m2. 36゜ . Longer tool life by adoption of shaving cutter materials of new development.5゜79T、 LH . PA17. Adopt serration form to leave both end land in plunge cut shaving.89.45mm/min 32second Suitable Cutter Design by FEM Number of Teeth 75 Tooth Width 25mm Helix Angle 28° RH 9 . Competitor HSS NACHI SKH51 NACHI Serration Form to Leave Both End Land Finished Accuracy Profile Error Lead Error Chip Workpiece Module 2 Cutter Specifications Outside Dia. Cutter 225 Type. Cutter 225 Type. LH Cutter 200 Type. SPUR .75. PA17.25. Workpiece m1. SPUR . Competitor HSS NACHI SKH51 NACHI 1650 3500 2800 5000 2500 4200 Tool Life (pcs) 2500 3700 High Performance Shaving Cutter Workpiece m2. 21゜ Plunge Cut RH. 15. high feed shaving by improvement of serration and high rigidity design of a shaving cutter. 12゜ Conventional RH. PA20゜27T.5゜ Plunge Cut RH. 28゜ Cutter 200 Type. PA23゜12T.25. 15゜ Conventional RH. 225 Type Number of Teeth 113 Helix Angle 13° LH Shaving Conditions Shaving Method Plunge Cut Cutter Rotation Cutter Feed Cycle Time 280min-1 0.

m1.5 MQL Roll Forming Conventional 1 0 Dual Forming Rack Technical Introduction Gear Cutting Tools Clean in MQL Roll Forming . Machine PFM330E Tool Life Tool Life Spline DP24/48PA30°NT26 MQL Roll Forming Conventional Screw M22P1. Spline DP 24/48 PA 30゜NT26 Rack Type 24in.5 Rack Type 13in.058×PA30×Ng23 Work Rolling Length 20mm SCM440 (200HB) MQL MQL 12cc/h Tool Life 100% 0 Oily Water Soluble MQL MQL Dual Forming Rack Convention Tool MQL Roll Forming Example by Use of NC Roll Forming Machine. Machine PFM610E Screw M 22 P 1. Dual Forming Rack MQL Roll Forming Conventional Performance Tool Life Comparison PFM-610E Work Spec. and realize MQL roll forming. Longer tool life in both conditions of conventional oil coolant and MQL roll forming.Technical Introduction Dual Forming Rack Special surface treatment improves in wear resistance and lubrication.

Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Features of Gear Cutting Hobs Hob is the cutting tool which has the rack cutting teeth on its body as the shape of a screw. and feeding a hob in the lead direction generates the gear. � Work piece is rotated so that it may gear with this basic rack. Hob Cutting Action Hobs Hob Hob Basic Rack Hob Cutting Action and Nomenclature Gear Axial Feed Gear Generating Chart Hob Nomenclature Cam Rise Cutting Face Flute Depth Keyway Flute Pitch Circle Diameter Outside Diameter Thread Helix Top Edge Right Edge Left Edge Hab Hub Face Hub Diameter Lead Angle Length of Teeth Overall Length Hub Length Pressure Angle Whole Depth of Cut Addendum Whole Depth B D ore ete iam r Tooth Normal Section of Hob Tooth Profile Pitch Tooth Thickness Tip Radius Straight� Portion Pitch Line Tip Relief Modification 1 1 . � The basic rack (rack cutting teeth) projects the rotating hob which has teeth in a screw pattern to generate the gear.

the amount of the chamfer changes depending on the number of teeth a semi-topping hob has. it can be used with a common designed hob. even if a number of teeth and helix angle are differ. � However. Chamfer of Gear Large Number of Teeth Chamfer 70 40 25 20 (+)� 0 Shift Coefficient Hob Chamfer Gear Semi-topping Tooth Profile Small (−)� 1 2 Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Inclination Angle of Hob .Hobs Gear Hob Spur Gear Helical Gear Right Helix β γ Hob β γ + β γ − Left Helix β γ γ Right γ Gear β Handed Tooth Lead Angle of Hob γ Hob γ γ β β Reverse Handed β γ β γ + β γ − Left Gear β Reverse Handed β Handed Inclination Angle of Hob and Hobbing Methods β Helix Angle of Gear� : γ Tooth Lead Angle of Hob : Hobbing Methods and Comparison Conventional Hobbing Climb Hobbing Feed Hob Gear Feed Hob Gear Hobbing Elements Flank Wear of Hob Surface Roughness Chip Removal Bite of Chip ○ Spur Comventional Helical × ○ × × × Spur Climb Helical ○ × ○ ○ Common Design In case of the gears with the same module and pressure angle.

When the tip radius of hob is too small by the original pressure angle due to narrow space width on root diameter of gear. � 2. � 3. If change chip flow. and take cutting edge chipping measures. Mesh with Normal Hob Pb� � 20° Outer Diameter Hob Reference Circle Gear Reference Circle Base Circle Base Circle Mesh with Short Pitched Hob PbH� � 15° Outer Diameter Hob Reference Circle Gear Cutting Pitch Circle Base Circle Reference Circle Base Circle Cutting Pitch Circle 1 3 .Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Gear Generation Line Chart of Multi-thread Gear Hob Single Thread Hob 3threads Hob 5threads Hob Hobs Features of Multi-thread Gear Hob Merits Processing Efficiency Improves Because chip thickens. Tooth profile error is large Demerits  1.Chipping of tooth edge is effective�  2.Flank wear is controlled Multi-thread Hob and Short Pitched Hob Design Use of high rigidity hobbing machine Short Pitched Hob Design Applications of short pitch hobs � 1. When the space width on bottom of hob teeth is too narrow for manufacturing hob by the original pressure angle.

Hobs D+F D+F D+F Semi-topping Finishing Use� Pre-shaving Use� Pre-grinding Use S-TOP� PS� PGS Protuberance −� PP� PGP Semi-topping and Protuberance −� PSP� PGSP Hobs D+F D+F D+F Finishing Use� Pre-shaving Use� Pre-grinding Use D+F Whole Depth of Cut : TOP Tooth Profile with Protuberance Tooth Profile Hobbing Finish Tooth Profile Hobs Work Gear Protuberance 1 4 Tooth Profiles of Hobs and Sign Modified Tooth Crest Topping Topping and Semi-topping Gear Cutting Tools Tooth Profiles of Hobs .

8 60� 63.75 38.1≦m≦0.6<m<1 5� 5� 3� 5� 12� 20� 12� 16� 22� 32� 8� 12� � � 4� 8� 7� 11� –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � 5� 8� –� � –� � –� � –� � 10� 16� –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � 4� 6� 16� 20 Hub Face Outside Diameter Ajacent Flute Spacing Accumulative Flute Spacing Flute Radial Alignment of Flutes Lead Over Cutting Face Width(±) NACHI Accuracy of Gear Hobs Adjacent Error 1 Thread 2 Threads In Any One Turn of Helix Lead 4 Threads 5 Threads 1 Thread In Any Three Turn of Helix 2 Threads Single Pitch Error(±) 2 Threads Adjacent Error 3 Threads 4 Threads 5 Threads 1 Thread 2 Threads Three Pitch Error(±) 3 Threads 4 Threads 5 Threads Adjacent Error Action Length of Action Tooth Profile Error Profile Tooth Thickness(−) 3 Threads Cutting Face 5� AA� 5� A� 3� AA� 5� A� 8� AA� 12� A� 10� AA� 12� A� 19� AA� 25� A� 6� AA� 10� A� Overall Length(mm) � � Lead� Over Cutting Face� Width AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� 4� A� 6� AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� 8� A� 12� AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� –� A� � AA� 2� A� 3� AA� 16� A 20 Remarks : Lead Error is applied in pressure angle of less than 35° and tolerance of pressure angle of over 35° 1.988 31.1 0∼+9 0∼+11 50� 50.225 Tolerance Bore Diameter(mm) –� 27� 32� 40� 25. is 1 5 .2 0∼+13 Unit : μm 80� –� Tolerance� Hob Elements Grade 0. . is     Profile Error is applied in pressure angle of less than 35° and tolerance of pressure angle of over 35° 1.5 time of table value.6 5� 5� 3� 5� 10� 16� 10� 12� 19� 25� 6� 10� � � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � 4� 6� –� � –� � –� � –� � 8� 12� –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � –� � 3� 5� 16� 20 0. � .4 26.5 time of table value.Hobs Gear Cutting Tools NACHI Accuracy of Gear Hobs Hob Elements Grade 8� –� 0∼+4� 0∼+6 10� –� Bore Diameter AA� A 13� –� 0∼+5� 0∼+8 22� 22.25<m≦0.5 –� 76.25 Hub Diameter Runout Hobs Module 0.

3   � 6�   � 8�   � 5�   � 6� 25� � 32� � 19� � 30� � 36� � 55� � 20� � 32� � 100<L≦150 � � 80� �   � 8� 12� � 12� � 20� � 14� � 22� � 16� � 25� � –� � 28� � –� � 28� � 20� � 32� � 22� � 36� � 10� � 16� � 10� � 16� � 11� � 18� � –� � 20� � –� � 20� � 16� � 25� � 18� � 28� � 18� � 28� � –� � 36� � –� � � 36� � 7�   –� � � 16� –� � � 10� 16� 25� 32 6.6 5� � 5� �  �3�  �5� 16� � 25� � 14� � 22� � 26� � 42� � 10� � 16� � L≦35 � � 25� �  �5�  �8�  �7� 11� �  �8� 12� �  �8� 12� �  �9� 14� �  �9� 14� � 12� � 20� � 12� � 18� �  �5�  �8�  �5�  �8�  �6�  �9�  �6� 10� �  �6� 10� � 10� � 16� � 11� � 18� � 11� � 18� � 14� � 22� � 14� � 22� �  �5� –� � 11� � –� �  �   5�   8� 20� 20       1.3<m≦10 � 6�   � 10� � 5�   � 8�   � 32� � 40� � 24� � 38� � 45� � 70� � 25� � 40� 150<L≦200 � � � 100� � 10� � 16� � 16� � 25� � 18� � 28� –� � � 32� –� � � � –� � � � � 25� 40� � 28� � 45� � 12� � 20� � 12� � 20� � 14� � 22� � –� � � � –� � � � � 20� � 32� –� � � 36� –� � � 36� –� � � � –� � � � � 9�   –� � � 20� –� � � 14� 22� 32� 40 10<m≦16 –� � � 12� –� � � 10� –� � � 50� –� � � 50� –� � � 96� –� � � 50� L>200 � � � 120� –� � � 20� –� � � 32� –� � � 36� –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � 50� –� � � 56� –� � � 25� 16� � 25� � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � 40� –� � � 45� –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � � 22� � 36� –� � � 50 16<m≦25 –� � � 16� –� � � 12� –� � � 63� –� � � 70� –� � � 130� –� � � 63� � � � � –� � 25� � –� � 40� � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � 63� � –� � � � –� � 32� � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � 50� � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � –� � � � 36� � 56� � –� � 63 � 1 6 NACHI Accuracy of Gear Hobs Hobs Gear Cutting Tools .Hobs Unit : μm Tolerance Hob Elements D or L≦30 Outside Diameter & Overall Length ±500 Dimension(mm) 30<D or L≦120 ±800 120<D or L≦400 ±1200 Unit : μm Tolerance� Module 1≦m≦1.5<m≦4  � 5�     � 6�   � 4�   � 5� 20� � 25� � 16� � 25� � 30� � 48� � 16� � 25� � 50<L≦100 � � 60� �   � 6� 10� � 10� � 16� � 11� � 18� � 12� � 20� � 14� � 22� � 14� � 22� � 16� � 25� � 18� � 28� �   � 8� 12� �   � 8� 12� �   � 8� 14� � 10� � 16� � 10� � 15� � 12� � 20� � 14� � 22� � 14� � 22� � 18� � 28� � 18� � 28� �   � 6� –� � 13� � –� �  � 8�   12� 25� 25 4 <m≦6.6<m≦2.5 5� � � 5�   � 3�   � 5� 16� � 25� � 16� � 25� � 30� � 48� � 12� � 20� � 35<L≦50 � � 40� �   � 5�   � 8�   � 8� 12� �   � 8� 14� � 10� � 16� � 11� � 18� � 11� � 18� � 12� � 20� � 14� � 22� �   � 6� 10� �   � 6� 10� �   � 7� 11� �   � 8� 12� � � 8� 12� � 10� � 16� � 11� � 18� � 11� � 18� � 14� � 22� � 14� � 22� �   � 5� –� � 11� � –� �  � 6�   10� 20� 20       2.

52� 12.05� 22.180�  0 2.75� 38.875� 19.6� � 6.5� 53.4 Type of Clutch Keyways Unit : mm Bore Diameter d Type A 10� � 12.043�  0 13� 16� 19� 22� 27� 32� 40� 50� 60� 80 Type B Size 6.05 +0.030 0.8� 63.040 0.5� 5 � 5.14� � � +0.3� � 7.275� +0.4� 82.87� 19.988� 31.2 1.4� 35.2� 85.150�  0 1.5� 76.25� � � � � 3.2� 14.75� 38.0� 9.92� 9.2� 42.7 � 15.8� 34.6 � 2 � 1.160� +0.5� 76.31� +0.052�  0 8.5 +0.7� 21.2� 17.6 Tolerance� (H12) +0.7� 15.25�  0 3� � 4� 5� 6� 7� � +0.225� 26.19� +0.8� 43.4� 14.1� 50.13� � � +0.2 7� 8� 0.12�  0 1 Corner� Radius(ref)� r R1 C Eccentricity (1) 0.39� Tolerance Hobs Type A Bore Diameter� D Size 10� 13� F Unit� : mm Corner� � Radius� (ref) � � r 0.5� Standard Keyways for Hobs 16� 19� 22� 27� 32� 40� 50� 60� 80 0.6� 17.4� Width of Keyway� F Tolerance Depth of Keyway� H Size 4.3�  0 +0.25�  0 6.4� 18.9 Tolerance Width of Keyway� F Size 2.6� 1 Type B Bore Diameter� D Size 12.07� � � � Tolerance Width of Keyway� F Size Tolerance +0.0� 8.7� � � +0.4� 20.0 0.5 0.5� 14.6 � 2.08� � � 1.3� 55.5 +0.7� 15.Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Standard Keyways for Hobs r F R1 H 45 °� C E d r D Type of Axial Keyways (JIS B 4201-1998) � Unit : mm Height of Keyway� E Size 11.0� 10.875� 19.2 10.988� 31.9� 24.4� 16.32� +0.8� 69.1� 29. 1 7 .0 +0.89� +0.23� +0.8 1.6 9� 10� 11� 12� 2.4� � +0.5� 64.2 Height of Keyway� E Size 14.095� � +0.050 (1) This shows the tolerance between the bore diameter axis and the center line of the clutch keyway.5 15 1.5� 24.4� � 12.0 +0.35� 7.05� 22.0� 11.8� 63.8� 1.2� 1.225� 26.1� 29.2� 8� 10� 12� 14� 18 +0.4� 0.1� 50.18� 20.060 � Corner� Radius� (ref) � r 0.1� 24.

1m∼0.1 mm + existing wear.5) . 200mm� � Powder HSS � Abrasive� Grain Size� Concentration� Grade 200mm� � Wheel CBN (Resinoid)� 100� 100� R Wheel Rotation 2200∼3000min-1� � 2200∼3000min-1 Feed 300∼600mm/min� � 300∼600mm/min Depth of Cut Roughing� Finishing� Roughing� Finishing 0.� Note2 Feed is different from a processing aim (finishing. accuracy.5∼2. 〔 〕. � � Hob Rotation� : Q� Q No.15mm� 0. Specifically with high alloy powder high-speed steel. in the case of coating hob.2 mm wide or if the crater wear is approx.5� 2.0∼3.02mm� � Non-water Soluble Oil� Cutting Oil Radial Flank Crator Wear Cutting Face Flank Wear Side Flank Regrinding points � A guideline for the economical point for regrinding is when the flank wear is approximately 0.0� Threads 3∼5 � 1. 0. Example Tool Material HSS Wheel Dia.5∼3.0∼2. pre-shaving) by necessary surface roughness.10∼0.5m(m : Module)� Work Rotation Depth of Cut Shifting � Note1 ( ).5� � Please avoid radial feed not to promote the cutter damage.Hobs Cutting Condition Elements Work Material S45C以上� SCM440� Cutting Speed and� Axial Feed SCM420� SCr 420� FCD 70� Radial Feed � Cutting SpeedNote1� (m/min) � 40∼ (70) 〔100〕 � 50∼ (80) 〔100〕 � 60∼ (110) 〔140〕 � � 40∼ (50) � Axial Feed (mm/rev)Note2 Threads 1∼2 � 1. It is also important to choose a sharp grinding tool and to be careful that the heat from grinding does not dull the teeth and that grinding cracks do not occur.1 mm deep.02∼0. in the case of dual coating. of Teeth� : Z By work specification 0.05mm� 0.5� � 2. 1 8 Cutting Condition and Regrinding Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Cutting Condition (In case of m2~2. 0. use light grinding stock or high-speed feed grinding.10mm� � 0. The most economical way for regrinding is when the flank wear is approx. � Be careful of grinding burn with dressing grinding wheel and keeping it very sharp.0∼3.5∼2.5� 2.01∼0.2 mm wide. Regrinding Damage to the cutting edge of a hob is generally separated into flank wear and crater wear depending on the location of the wear. We recommend regrinding to a depth of 0.0� � 1.05∼0. avoid creep feed grinding.0∼3.0� 1. of Thread� : TH   Work Rotation=TH×  (min-1)� Z No.0� 2.5∼2.

5� 2.75� 3� 3.8 � � � � 38.1� � � � � � � � � � � � � � 26.75� 4� 4.5� 6� 6.� NACHI can also manufacture various sizes of solid hobs.5� 5� 5.75� � 9� � � � � � � � � 8 4� 2� 4� 4� 1 9 . of Flutes� N � � � 12� � � � � � � � � 10� � � � � � � � � � 1� � 1.25� � 1.5� 7� 8� 9� 10� 11� 12� � 14� � 16� 18� 20� 22� 25 70� 75� 80� 85� 90� 95� 2� 100� 105� 110� 115� 120� 125� 130� 140� 150� 170� 170� 190� 190� 210� 220� 230� 250 31.� D 50� 50� 50� 50� 55� 55� 55� 60� 60� 65� 65� 70� Overall Length� L 50� 50� 50� 50� 55� 55� 55� 60� 60� 65� 65� 70� 70� 75� 75� 80� 85� 90� 95� 100� 110� 115� 130� 145� 160� 175� 190� 200� 210� 220� 230� 250� 270� 300� 320 Bore Diameter (d) Type A � � � � � 22� � � � � � � � � 27� � � � � � � 32� � � � � � � 40� � � � � 50 � 50.25� 3. Unit : mm Module� m Hobs Diametral Pitch� DP 26� Outside Dia.5� 3.25� 2.75� 24� 22� 20� 18� 16� 14� 12� 11� 10� 9� 8� � � 7� 6� 5� 5� 4� � 4� 3� 3� 2� 2� 2� � 2� � 1� 1� � 1� � 1 � � � � 1� � 3� 1� � 4� 2� � � � � � 3 1� � 1� � 1� 2� � � � � 1� 1� 2� Solid Gear Hobs Standard Dimensions 2� 2.225� � � Type B � No.988� � � � � � � � � 22.Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Solid Gear Hobs� Standard Dimensions This table shows standard hob dimensions suited for gear cutting.5� 1.

7� 0.55� 0.5� 1.6� 0.45� 0.65� 0. � There are two types of Non-Topping and Topping.55� 0. 8 Type Module� � m 0.6� 0.35� 0.7� 0.75� 2 Diametral� Pitch� DP Outside� Dia.35� 0.65� 0.9� � 1� � � 1.5� 0.25� 1.25� 0.25� 0.8� � � � 96� � 72� 64� 56� 48� � 44� 40� 36� � 32� 30� 28� 26� � � 0.75� 0.7� 0. of� Flutes� N � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 10 � 10 12� 13 Type Module� � m 0. of� Flutes� N � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 10 � 13 12� 2 0 Gear Cutting Tools Fine Pitch Gear Hobs� Standard Dimensions .45� 0.8� � 96� � 72� 64� 56� 48� � 44� 40� 36� � 32� 30� 28� 26� � 24� 22� 20� � � 0.� D 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 40� 40� 40� 40� 40� 40 Overall� Length� L 12� 12� 12� 12� 15� 15� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 25� 25� 25� 25� 30� 30 Bore� Diameter� d � � Unit : mm Hobs Fine Pitch Gear Hobs Standard Dimensions No.1� 0.55� 0.3� 0.65� 0.45� 0.5� 0.6� 0.75� 0.8� � 96� � 72� 64� 56� 48� � 44� 40� 36� � 32� 30� 28� 26� � 24� 22� 20� � � 0.35� 0.75� 0.15� 0.4� 0. of� Flutes� N � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 12 � 8 10 Type Module� � m 0.� D 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 32� 40� 40� 40� 40� 40� 40 Overall� Length� L 12� 12� 12� 12� 15� 15� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 20� 25� 25� 25� 25� 30� 30 Bore� Diameter� d � � Unit : mm No.2� 0.� D 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24� 24 Overall� Length� L 8� 8� 8� 8� 10� 10� 10� 10� 10� 10� 12� 12� 12� 12� 12� 12� 12� 12� 12 Bore� Diameter� d � � Unit : mm No.2� 0.9� � 1 Diametral� Pitch� DP Outside� Dia.25� 0.75� 2 Diametral� Pitch� DP Outside� Dia.5� 0.4� 0.3� 0.Hobs This table shows standard hob dimensions suitable in manufacture of small gears such as watch.25� 1.4� 0.3� 0.9� � 1� � � 1.5� 1.2� 0.

2-1980� (Inch) DP/DPS 45゜� 1.0m 0.6m 1.2m 0.0m 1.5゜� 0.3m πm t/2 t/2 1.8/DPS 0.75m 1.3708/DP 2.4/DP 25.53/DPS ANSI B92.2M (Metric) m 45゜� 0.36/DPS 25.5m 37.3708m 1.2-1980� (Inch) Flat Root Fillet Root DP≧16 DP/DPS 30゜� 2.0m 0.2M-1980 (Metric) Flat Root m 30゜� 0.0/DPS 3.327/DP D1602-1960 m 45゜� 0.15m 0.5゜� 1.4476m πm 1.1/DPS 0.9m 1.35/DPS 0.25m 2.075/DPS Fillet Root ANSI B92. Involute Spline Hob Tooth Profile t S he r Flat Root Hobs hk α� S r t α� hk Fillet Root Involute Serration Hob Tooth Profile t S r hk he α� Involute Spline Hobs Tooth Profile Involute Spline Hobs Tooth Profile Unit : mm Standard D2001-1959 Flat Root m 20゜� 1.4π/DP 1.7m B1603-1995� ANSI B92.6m 37.2m πm t/2 B1603-1995� ANSI B92.3m πm t/2 0.4m 1.2m 0.46/DPS DP≦12 DIN 5480-1964 Flat Root m 30゜� 0.4π/DP t/2 1.53/DPS 0.1/DPS 2 1 he .0/DPS 0.4m 0.Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Involute Spline Hobs Tooth Profile This table shows Hob Tooth Profile of involute spline and serration.8/DPS 2.35/DPS 2.25m 0.16m πm t/2 Elements Module/DP Pressure Angle (α) Addendum (hk) Whole Depth of Cut Tip Radius (r) Normal Pitch (t) Tooth Thickness (s) Involute Serration Hob Tooth Profile Unit : mm Standard Elements Module/DP Pressure Angle (α) Addendum (hk)� � Whole Depth of Cut Tip Radius (r) Normal Pitch (t) Tooth Thickness (s) 1.

5� 4� 5� 5� 6� 6� 7� 8� 8� 10� 12� 14� 14� 16� 18� 20� 22� 6� 7� 8� 9� 10� 10� 12� 12� 12� 14� 16� 18 Chamfer� � f Size Outside Dia.1 6 0.� d 11� 13� 16� 18� 21� 23� 26� 28� 32� 36� 42� 46� 52� 56� 62� 72� 82� 92� 32� 36� 42� 46� 52� 56� 62� 72� 82� 92� 102� 112 Type 2 Major� Dia.5 10 0.3 75 75 27 26.� D No.988 0.� D 14� 16� 20� 22� 25� 28� 32� 34� 38� 42� 48� 54� 60� 65� 72� 82� 92� 102� 38� 42� 48� 54� 60� 65� 72� 82� 92� 102� 112� 125 Width� � B 3� 3.4 95 115 135 145 75 90 115 175 190 75 32 32 40 31.5 0. of� Spline� N Minor� Dia.75 38.75 10 With Semi-topping With Lugs With Full Radius Hob Hob Hob 2 2 Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Parallel Side Spline Hobs� Standard Dimensions .� D Width� � B Chamfer� � f No.3 6 0.4 8 95 90 32 31.75 0.988 8 0.75 31.� d � � � � � � � � � � 6� 6� 7� 8� 8� 10� 12� 14� 14� 16� 18� 20� 22� 6� 7� 8� 9� 10� 10� 12� 12� 12� 14� 16� 18 26� 30� 32� 36� 40� 46� 50� 58� 62� 68� 78� 88� 98� 36� 40� 46� 50� 58� 62� 68� 78� 88� 98� 108� 120 � 23� 26� 28� 32� 36� 42� 46� 52� 56� 62� 72� 82� 92� 32� 36� 42� 46� 52� 56� 62� 72� 82� 92� 102� 112 � � – � � 60 60 22 22. of� Type A Type B Spline� N Minor� Dia.4 27 26.5 115 115 32 31.225 Spline Dimensions (JIS B 1601-1996 J Type) Type 1 Major� Dia.Hobs This table shows standard hob dimensions to manufacture parallel side spline.� D OAL� L 11� 13� 16� 18� 21� 23� 26� 28� 32� 36� 42� 46� 52� 56� 62� 72� 82� 92� 32� 36� 42� 46� 52� 56� 62� 72� 82� 92� 102� 112 0. Parallel Side Spline B Generating Curve d Parallel Side Spline Hobs Standard Dimensions D Unit : mm Hob Dimensions Bore Dia.

45� 50.1 Type 1 2 3 .3� 5.Hobs Gear Cutting Tools Roller Chain Sproket Hobs� Standard Dimensions This hob is used to manufacture sproket wheels according to ANSI B29.16� 11. DIN 8196.2 6.� (RD) Outside Dia.1.8 � � 38. BS 228.225� 12� � Bore Dia. ASA B29.5� 76.75� � � � � � � � � � 90� 105� 125� 140� 170� 190� 210� 240� 260� 310 65� Overall Length� L Type A � � 12.875� 19.988� 10� � 65� 22� � � � � � 22. of Flutes� N Ds φ DIN 8196 φ 24° : � BS 228 φ 25° : � JIS B 1802 Type S� ASA B29.94� 10.05� 25.75� 38.1 Type 2� ANSI B29.72� 39.1.525� 3.575� 35. Hobs Basic Rack Tooth Profile (JIS B 1802 S Type) CP CP� 2 Q W CP� 2 Tip 90 Ds� 2 R ˚� J H Roller Chain Sproket Hobs Standard Dimensions C .4� 28. and this table shows standard hob dimensions.8� 57.1� 44.1 JIS B 1802 Type U� ASA B29.15� 63. JIS B 1802.� d Type B No.91� 15.05� 22.4� 31.875� 19.35� 9.688� 47.08� 6.225� 25.625 60� � � � � 26.� D 60� � � 75� � 85� 90� 110� 120� 130� 160� 170� 190� 210� 240 75� � � 27� � � � 32� � � 40� � � 50 � 50.1� 9 � � � � � � 31.77� 7.5˚� 35˚� Ds G 17 F Pich Line E Root A Unit : mm Hob Dimensions Chain Pitch� (CP) Roller Dia.7� � 15.35� 7.

Generating omitted teeth. � The both gear and cutter are mounted on the gear shaper machine. Then a symmetrical motion of rotation and reciprocating generates the gear teeth. � 1. Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Shaper Cutters Feature and Nomenclature of Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Shaper Cutter Gear Virtual Gear Gear Shaper Cutters Nomenclature Addendum Dedendum Tooth Space Whole Depth Pitch Circle Tip Chamfer Datum Face Side Relief Angle Radial Relief� Angle Chamfer Tooth Flank re Di am et er OAL Right Tooth � Flank Inner Face Rake Angle Web Thickness Counter Bore Diameter Counter Bore Depth Pitch Circle Diameter Outside Diameter Cutting Face Left Tooth � Flank Bo Face Angle Downhill Side Uphill Side Helix Angle Helical Gear Shaper Cutter Sharpening Angle 2 4 Gear Cutting Tools Gear Shaper Cutters . combined one or variable tooth thickness.Gear Shaper Cutters Gear shaper cutter is the gear cutting tool for generating the gear teeth. Generating internal gears and shoulder gears � 2.

and need a helical guide by helix angle of gear Types of Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Comparison and Types Disk Type for Shoulder Gears Deep Counterbore Type with Recessed Nut Shank Type for Small Diameter Internal Gear 2 5 . can do gear processing of various helix angle� Pitch of a processing gear is related to a master warm of hobbing machine Others Gear Shaper Cutters Regrinding is easy� Heavy cutting is not made� Cutters are different.Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Comparison of Gear Shaper Cutter and Hob Gear Cutting Tools Work Gear Tooth Width Type Accuracy Thin thing Suitable for cutting of internal gear and Shoulder gear Pitch Error� Tooth Profile Error� Surface Roughness Large� Small� Small Gear Shaper Cutters Thick thing Cutting of internal gear and Shoulder gear is not possible Pitch Error� Tooth Profile Error� Surface Roughness Small� Large� Large Hobs After Gear Shaper Cutting Feed per Stroke After Hobbing Must hold down a gach spacing error in regrinding� Heavy cutting is easy� In one hob.

)� Radial Relief Angle(min.6<m≦2. 2 6 NACHI Accuracy of Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Tools NACHI Accuracy of Gear Shaper Cutters .5≦m≦1 Module 1<m≦1.5<m≦4 15 19) ( � 16 20) ( � 16 20) ( � 18 23) ( � 19 25) ( � 20 26) ( � 3� 4� 4� 5� 6� 7� 12� 13� 15� 19� 22� 25� 6� 9� 13� 21 11 14) ( � 12 15) ( � 13 17) ( � 17 22) ( � 18 23) ( � 19 25) ( � 4� 4� 5� 6� 6� 7� 13� 14� 16� 21� 23� 26� 7� 10� 17� 27 11 14) ( � 13 17) ( � 14 18) ( � 16 20) ( � 18 23) ( � 20 26) ( � 4� 4� 5� 6� 7� 8� 14� 15� 17� 23� 25� 28� 9� 13� 21� 33 4<m≦6 −� 14 18) ( � 15 19) ( � −� 20 26) ( � 22 28) ( � −� 5� 6� −� 8� 8� −� 17� 19� −� 28� 32� 11� 16� 27� 43 6<m≦10 −� 17 22) ( � 18 23)� ( −� 24 31) ( � 26 34) ( � −� 6� 7� −� 9� 10� −� 20� 22� −� 34� 37� 15� 22� 33� 53 10<m≦16 −� −� −� −� −� 32 41) ( � −� −� −� −� −� 13� −� −� −� −� −� 46� −� 22� −� 53 Tooth Space Runout Adjacent Pitch Error Accumulative Pitch Error Profile Error Tooth Thickness(−) � AA� � � A� � � AA� � � A� � � AA� � � A� � AA� A� AA� A 25、 38、 50� 75、 100 25、 38、 50� 75、 100 25、 38、 50� 75、 100 25、 38、 50� 75、 100 � 125、150、175 25、 38、 50� 75、 100 � 125、150、175 25、 38、 50� 75、 100 � 125、150、175 −� −� −� −� � 125、150、175 � 125、150、175 � 125、150、175 15 19) ( � 16 20) ( � −� 19 25) ( � 19 25) ( � −� 3� 4� −� 5� 6� −� 11� 12� −� 18� 21� −� 6� 8� 13� 21 Remarks : Value in ( ) is applied to the pressure angle of less than 15 degrees.5 Outside Diameter +200∼−400 Module 1.Gear Shaper Cutters Unit : μm Tolerance Cutter Elements AA d≦18 � Bore Diameter� d 18<d≦30 � 30<d≦50 � 50<d≦80 � � 80<d≦120 Shank Runout� Outside Diameter Runout � Datum Face Runout � Inner Face Runout� Cutting Face Runout� Face Angle(min.6 1.) 0∼+3� 0∼+4� 0∼+4� 0∼+5� 0∼+6� 2� 7� 5� 5� 10� ±5 ±5� ±5 Unit : μm Tolerance Cutter Elements Under Type 38 and m<1.5 2.5≦m<5 ±400 m≧5 ±500 Grade A 0∼+5� 0∼+6� 0∼+7� 0∼+8� 0∼+10� 3� 10� 5� 5� 16� ±14 Unit : μm Tolerance Cutter Elements Grade Type 0.)� Side Relief Angle(min.

2 mm wide. � When grinding is done. 0.0mm/Stroke� 0.02mm � 0.02mm Cutting Oil Noritake� NK55 Soluble Oil Power HSS 305mm 1500min-1 1500m/min Wheel Abrasive� Grain Size� Structure� Grade C� 220� 9� H Regrinding points � A guideline for the most economical points for regrinding is when the flank wear is approx.05mm 0. b� Work width (mm) � Wc (b+6)π� ・ ・ Wc� Numbers of stroke (str/min) V= � 1000 V Cutting speed (m/min) � Note2.8mm� By Direction of Revolution and Gear Spec. the cutter is placed in the center of the table and attached with magnetic clamps (or inserted into taper shank cutter holders if it’s a shank type). Gear Shaper Cutters Regrinding Regrinding with disc � type and hub type gear shaper cutters is done with a rotary surface grinder.2∼0.01mm/Stroke� 0. Example Tool Material HSS Wheel Dia.Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Tools Cutting Condition� (In the case of coated shaper cutter) Elements Cutting Speed(Note1)� Rotary Feed� Radial Feed� Back Off� Offset� Depth of Cut Blister Steel� S45C� FCD70 Cutting Condition(Note2)� 40∼80m/min� 30∼50m/min� 20∼40m/min 0. 2 7 . Regrinding Method Abrasive Wheel 5°� 6mm Installation Plug Cutting Condition and Regrinding The position of grinding wheel is determined based on the depth of tooth space.002∼0.01∼0.02∼0.02mm 0. � Be careful of grinding burn with dressing grinding wheel and keeping it very sharp.Please note that cutting speed should be selected based upon gear shaper machine. Note1. � Next. 305mm Wheel Rotation 1500min-1 Wheel Speed 1500m/min Depth of Cut Roughing Finishing Roughing Finishing 0. the proper rake angle (generally 5˚) is set on the magnetic chuck and regrinding is done as shown in the diagram.Cutting speed is calculated on cutting length and numbers of cutter stroke.� By Gear Spec.2∼3.

7� � 0.� d � L2 B� (Ref.5� 0.25� 3.) No.) Gear Cutting Tools Disk Type Shaper � Cutters TypeⅠ � Standard Dimensions L .3� � 0.75� 4� � 4.5 19.25� � 2.0� � � � 1.45� 0.� d B� (Ref.742� or� 44.4� � 60� � � � � 40� � � 36� � 32� � 30� � 28� 26� � 25� 24� 22� � 20� 18� � 16� � 14� � 12� � 11� � 10� � 9� � 8� � � 7� � � 6� � 1� � � 2� L2 L2 � 80� � � 0.� d B� No.5� � 6� � 6.5� 7� � � � � 8 � � � � � 164� 164� 142� 126� 120� 110� 100� 90� 84� 80� 76� 72� 72� 66� 64� 64� 60� 56� 56� 52� 50� 50� 48� 44� 40� 40� 36� 34� 32� 28� 28� 25� 24� 23� 22� 20� 20� 19� 18� 17� 16� 16� 15� 14� 14� 13� � � 8 � � � 150� 136� 126� 120� 116� 108� 108� 100� 96� 94� 90� 84� 84� 78� 76� 76� 72� 66� 60� 60� 54� 50� 48� 44� 42� 38� 36� 34� 33� 30� 30� 28� 27� 25� 24� 23� 22� 21� 20� 19� 18� 17� 17� 16� � � � � � � � � � −� � � � −� � −� 10 14 −� � � 16 � � � 100� 100� 96� 88� 80� 80� 72� 66� 64� 56� 56� 50� 48� 44� 44� 40� 40� 36� 36� 33� 32� 30� 28� 28� 26� 25� 24� 22� 22� 20� 20� 19� 18� 17� 16� 16� 15� 14� 13 18 � 12 6.65� 0. of� � Teeth DP Type 50 OAL� � L Bore� Web� Thickness� Dia.75� � 0.8� � 0. and this table shows standard dimensions.742 50 16 8 20 10 22 31.450 65 18 22 10 5� 5� � � � � 24 4� 1� 2� � � 4� 28 12 Next Page 2 8 Disk Type Shaper Cutters TypeⅠStandard Dimensions Gear Shaper Cutters Diametral� Pitch� No.5� � 3.Gear Shaper Cutters φd L2 This type of cutter is used in cutting spur gears or splines.9� � � 1.6� � 0.5� � 2.� � φB Pitch Circle Diameter 5˚� Unit : mm Module� � � m 0.25� � � 1.) Teeth OAL� � L Web� Thickness� Bore� Dia.35� 0.75� � 3� � 3.5� � 5� � 5.05 28 14 18 8 20 31. of� Teeth OAL� � L Type 75 Web� Thickness� Type 100 Bore� Dia.5� � 1.75� � 2� � 2.55� 0. of� (Ref.

) No.75� 4� � � 6� 4.25� � 11� 2.5� � � 6� � � 6. of� � Teeth DP 126� 126� 120� 110� 100� 100� 90� 84� 80� 72� 70� 64� 60� 56� 54� 50� 50� 46� 45� 42� 40� 38� 36� 35� 34� 32� 30� 28� 28� 25� 25� 23� 22� 21� 20� 20� 19� 18� 17 Type 125 OAL� � L Bore� Web� Thickness� Dia.5� 7� � � � 8� � 9� 10� � � 11� 12 � 24 26 12 24 44.5� � 10� 2.� d B� (Ref.� d B� (Ref.25� � 20� 18� � 1.25� 3.) No.) � 20 −� 22 116� 110� 100� 96� 88� 82� 78� 76� 70� 68� 64� 62� 58� 56� 54� 50� 48� 47� 44� 42� 39� 38� 35� 34� 32� 30� 29� 28� 27� 25� 24� 22� 21� 19� 18� 17� 16� 15 � � Disk Type Shaper Cutters TypeⅠStandard Dimensions 22 10 � � � � � � � � � � 5. of� Teeth OAL� � L Web� Thickness� L2 L2 Bore� Dia.75� � 9� 3� � 8� 3.735 110 26 12 28 5� 4� � � 1� 2� 14 4� 3� � � � 30 1� 2� 32 34 3� � 2� � � � 1� 2� −� 36 16 2 9 .Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Tools Unit : mm Module� � � m 1� � 25� 24� 22� � � 1.5� � 5� 5� � � � 1� 2� Gear Shaper Cutters Diametral� Pitch� No.75� � 14� 2� � 12� 2.450 95 28 14 30 44.5� � 16� 1. of� Teeth 150� 150� 142� 130� 120� 120� 106� 100� 94� 86� 82� 75� 70� 66� 64� 60� 60� 54� 54� 50� 48� 46� 44� 42� 40� 38� 36� 34� 33� 30� 30� 28� 27� 25� 24� 23� 22� 21� 19� 18� 17� 15 OAL� � L Type 150 Web� Thickness� Type 175 Bore� Dia.450� or� 58.450 85 26 44.� d � L2 B� (Ref.5� � � 7� 3.

742 50 26 20 20 16 8 24 20 10 28 22 31.5� � 6� � 6.45� 0.75� � 0.65� 0.5� 7� � � 8 � � � � 6.5� 0. and this table shows standard dimensions. φd L2 φB Pitch Circle Diameter 5˚� Unit : mm Module� � � m 0.5� � 1.7� � 0.� d L1 � L2 B� (Ref.5� � 3.55� 0.5� � 2.5� � 5� � 5.8� � 0.25� 3.5 −� Gear Shaper Cutters Diametral� Pitch� � DP Type 50 OAL� � L Tooth� Bore� Web� Width� Thickness� Dia.9� � � 1.5 16 12 20 16 19.75� � 2� � 2.� d B� (Ref.6� � 0.050 28 24 22 18 8 18 18 14 31.75� 4� � 4.0� � � � 1.35� 0.25� � 2.25� � � 1.Gear Shaper Cutters Disk Type Shaper � Cutters TypeⅡ � Standard Dimensions This type of cutter is used in cutting helical gears.) OAL� � L Tooth� Width� Type 75 Web� Thickness� Type 100 Bore� Dia.742� or� 44.) Gear Cutting Tools L1 L .75� � 3� � 3.� d B� (Ref.450 65 22 18 26 22 10 30 24 � 2� 5� 4� � � 1� 2� −� −� 34 28 12 4� 3� � � 1� 2� 3 0 Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type Ⅱ Standard Dimensions 14 10 16 14 6.3� � 0.4� � 60� � � � � 40� � � 36� � 32� � 30� � 28� 26� � 25� 24� 22� � 20� 18� � 16� � 14� � 12� � 11� � 10� � 9� � 8� � � 7� � � 6� � 5� � � � 1� L1 L2 L1 L2 � 80� � 12 8 −� � 0.) OAL� � L Tooth� Web� Width� Thickness� Bore� Dia.

) m 1 26 20 28 22 1.75 2 2. NC guide gear shaping machine does not need a helical guide.5 3.25 2. The No.5 2.=Work Helix Angle : Normal Module : No.735 110 36 3 3 2 1 2 30 80 40 32 44 34 1 2 − − 48 36 16 100 Helical Guide Lead of Guide Lead of Cutter=Lead of Guide Cutter Pitch Dia. please specify the guide lead on addition to the cutter and work dimensions.) OAL L Type 175 Tooth Web Width Thickness L1 L2 Bore Dia. d L1 L2 B (Ref.5 7 8 9 10 11 12 28 22 10 30 24 26 36 30 24 44. Shared calculation is necessary. d B (Ref.450 95 36 32 26 12 28 14 40 30 44.) OAL L Type 150 Tooth Web Width Thickness L1 L2 Bore Dia.25 1. Helical Gear Gear Shaper Cutter Unit : mm Module Gear Shaper Cutters Diametral Pitch DP 25 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 5 4 4 1 2 1 2 Type 125 OAL L Bore Tooth Web Width Thickness Dia.450 or 58. of Cutter Teeth : Helix Angle of Cutter : Lead Of Guide m× ×Zc π L= sinβc 3 1 .75 3 3.450 85 34 26 28 14 44.25 3.5 6 6.5 − 12 Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type Ⅱ Standard Dimensions Helical Gear Shaper Cutters 1.× π β Lead of Cutter m Zc βc L Cutter Helix Angle at Pitch Dia.Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Tools Helical Gear Shaper Cutters Dimensions This type of cutter is used to cut helical gear. d B (Ref. of cutter Teeth is determined by module and helix angle of gear and the helical guide. When ordering the helical shaper cutter.75 4 4.5 5 5.

4 0 H Tolerance 3 2 Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type Ⅲ Standard Dimensions Clutch Keyway Dimensions 25 25 21 20 18 16 50 30 20 76.6 +0.025 0 Size 5.5 8.600 170 Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Tools Disk Type Shaper Cutters Type Ⅲ Standard Dimensions L1 L .200 135 Clutch Keyway Dimensions W H Unit : mm W For Positioning Size 5. φB Pitch Circle Diameter Unit : mm Module m 8 3 9 10 12 14 16 2 2 1 Diametral Pitch DP Type 200 No.5 12.5 16.015 0 +0. of Teeth OAL L Type 250 Web Thickness L2 Tooth Width L1 Bore Dia. of Teeth 25 24 23 21 20 17 OAL L Tooth Width L1 Web Thickness L2 Bore Dia.Gear Shaper Cutters φd L2 This type cutter is used in cutting larger module gears.0 6.2 +0.1 0 3. d B (Ref.200 or 101.) No.0 For Stopper Tolerance Size 1.0 9. d B (Ref.) 5˚ 40 24 18 2 58.0 6.0 Tolerance +0.0 9.5 8.5 16.735 or 76.5 12. and this table shows standard dimentions.

55 0.5 0.5 2.25 2.8 0.3 0.742 42 or 40 44.75 3 3.7 0. Teeth Width Thickness Dia.6 0. and this table shows standard dimentions.5 1. L L L L L1 L2 L2 L2 L2 d L1 d L1 d L1 d m DP 0.65 0.450 38 36 35 34 32 30 28 28 25 25 23 22 21 20 20 19 18 17 40 20 42 22 10 44 24 44.5 3.Gear Shaper Cutters Gear Cutting Tools L1 Pitch Circle Diameter Deep Counterbore Type Shaper Cutters Standard Dimensions This type of cutter is used in cutting internal gears or shoulder gears.25 1.75 2 2.0 80 60 164 164 142 126 120 110 100 90 84 80 76 72 72 66 64 64 60 56 56 52 50 50 48 44 40 40 36 34 32 28 28 26 25 24 24 23 23 22 22 20 19 19 18 17 16 16 Gear Shaper Cutters 22 8 − Deep Counterbore Type Shaper Cutters Standard Dimensions 40 36 32 30 28 26 25 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 51 2 5 4 4 31 2 1 2 24 10 30 12 8 19.5 6 6.25 3.742 64 56 56 50 48 44 44 40 40 36 36 34 32 30 28 28 27 25 24 23 22 21 21 20 20 19 18 17 16 16 15 38 18 40 20 42 22 10 44 24 50 28 12 126 126 120 110 100 100 90 84 80 72 70 64 60 56 54 50 50 46 45 31. of OAL Tooth Web Bore No. Teeth Width Thickness Dia.450 48 26 12 50 30 3 3 . of OAL Tooth Web Bore No.5 5 5.9 1.5 7 8 32 14 34 16 38 18 150 136 126 120 116 108 108 100 96 94 90 84 84 78 76 76 72 66 60 60 54 50 48 44 42 38 36 34 32 30 30 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 18 17 32 14 − − 34 16 8 36 18 38 20 42 22 10 − − 100 100 96 88 80 80 72 66 31.45 0. of OAL Tooth Web Bore No. Teeth Width Thickness Dia.35 0.4 0. of OAL Tooth Web Bore Teeth Width Thickness Dia. φd L2 L 5˚ Unit : mm Type 50 Type 75 Type 100 Type 125 Module Diametral Pitch No.75 4 4.75 0.05 1.

Gear Shaper Cutters φd L2 This cutter is used to manufacture sproket wheels.525 12. Pitch Circle Diameter 5˚ Unit : mm Type 75 Chain Pitch CP No.875 19. d 6.450 60 40 30 24 20 15 12 12 24 10 44.742 48 32 24 20 16 12 − − − − 22 10 31. and this table shows standard dimensions. of Teeth Type 125 Gear Shaper Cutters Sproket Shaper Cutters Standard Dimensions OAL L Web Thickness L2 Bore Dia.7 15.35 9.742 or 44. of Teeth Type 100 OAL L Web Thickness L2 Bore Dia. of Teeth OAL L Web Thickness L2 Bore Dia.05 25. d No.75 36 24 18 14 12 − − − − − − − 18 8 31. d No.450 3 4 Gear Cutting Tools Sproket Shaper Cutters Standard Dimensions L .4 31.

Outside Diameter Bo D re Top Land Serration Tooth Flank Helix Angle Serration Depth Land Cutting Edge Pitch Cincle Clearance Slot 3 5 . The both gear and the cutter is mounted on the shaving machine with intersecting angle. Easy to modify the gear profile and lead form such as crowning form Feature and Nomenclature of Shaving Cutters Shaving Cutters Before Shaving After Shaving Shaving Cutter Nomenclature Full Width Body Width Full Width Body Width Key Way Pitch Circle Diameter Marking φ165 (135) φ145 (115) ia. Then it makes sliding action on these flanks by rotating shaving cutter to finish the flanks of the gear teeth. Short finishing tact time 2.Shaving Cutters Gear Cutting Tools Shaving Cutters Shaving cutter is the gear cutting tool that have many serrated grooves at the tooth flanks. Features of shaving 1.

Shaving Cutters

Shaving Methods

Features This is most common shaving method and the tooth of gear is very finely finished. In this shaving, work gear is fed along a path parallel to its axis, with the center of the tool passing from one edge of the gear face to the opposite edge. Crowned gear teeth are produced by rocking the table during the shaving cycle. This process is particularly adaptable to shaving wide-faced gears.

Figure
Cutter Work

Conventional Shaving

Cutter Work

Direction of Table Traverse

Table Traverse

Diagonal Shaving

Work

Cutter

Direction of Table Traverse

Cutter Work Cutter Work

Underpass Shaving

Direction of Table Traverse

Of the four methods, this method has the shortest shaving time and produces high quality finished tooth profile, making it most suitable for high production. The work gear is fed in the gear's radius direction. The cutter is wider than the work gear, and is provided with specially designed differential serration. Tooth-crowning is produced by a reverse-crowned cutter in this process. Plunge cut Shaving
Work

Cutter In Feed Work Cutter

Serration
Non Serration Lead Having Serration Lead

Normal Serration

For Conventional Shaving For Diagonal Shaving

Differential Serration

For Underpass Shaving For Plunge cut Shaving

3 6

Shaving Methods and Features

This is used mainly for shaving shoulder gears. The work gear is reciprocated across the cutter at an angle of 90° the work gear axis. The direction of rotation to is reversed at each end to the stroke. The cutter is wider than the work gear and is provided with a differential serration. Tooth-crowning is produced by a reversecrowned cutter in this process.

Shaving Cutters

This method is used in finishing of automobile gears. In this shaving, work gear is reciprocated across the cutter in a path between zero to 90° the work gear axis. to Normaly this angle is from 15° 35° to . The direction of rotation is reversed at each end to the stroke. Tooth-crowning is produced by a reverse-crowned cutter in this process.The cutter may be narrower than the work gear. The cutting time is shorter than the Conventinal Shaving.

Cutter Work

Gear Cutting Tools

Shaving Methods and Features

Shaving Cutters
Shaving Mechanism and Cycle Diagram
Gear Cutting Tools Traverse Type Conventional Plunge Cut Type

Cutter

Cutter

Shaving Mechanism

Work Work

Shaving Cutters

Serration

Normal Serration (Parallel)

Differential Serration

Infeed

Time (Second)

Shaving Mechanism and Cycle Diagram

Infeed

Cycle Diagram

Rev Back Movement T1 Rough T2 Finish T3

Width of Work Traverse

Plunge Cut Shaving Cutter
Reading accuracy improvent of lead Strength improvement of end land  Recommend in less than gear width 32mm

Conventional

Leave Both End Land

Tentative Line

Tooth Width

Actual Tooth Width Tentative Line

Tooth Width=Actual Tooth Width End Lamd Actual Lead Error Actual Hollow Amount

Tentative Hollow Amount

Tentative Lead Error

3 7

Shaving Cutters

Unit : μm

Tolerance Cutter Elements Type Grade Module 0.8≦m≦1.2 1.2<m≦1.6 1.6<m≦2.5 2.5<m≦4
A Outside Diameter B ±300 +300 +100 0 −25 +50 0 ±30 15 20 5 Under 250 300, 325 Tooth Space Runout 400 Under 250 300, 325 400 Under 250 300, 325 Adjacent Pitch Error 400 Under 250 300, 325 400 Under 250 300, 325 Accumulative Pitch Error 400 Under 250 300, 325 400 Lead Lead Error Symmetricity A B A B A B ±2 B A B A B A 13 − − 48 − − 4 − − − − − 8 − − 68 − − 15 − − 50 − − 4 − − − − − 8 − − 71 − − 15 − − 52 − − 4 − − − − − 18 − − 74 − − ±5/25.4mm ±15/25.4mm 5 − ±3 − ±4 ±5 ±6 ±17/25.4mm 15 − − 57 − − 4 − − − − − 20 − − 81 − − 16 − − 63 − − 5 − − − − − 23 − − 90 − − − 16 18 − 81 − − 5 5 − − − − 25 28 − 115 − − 18 20 − − − − 5 5 − − − − 28 30 − − − ±7/25.4mm − − − − 22 25 − − ±400 +600 +300 0 −40 ±50

4<m≦6.3

6.3<m≦10 10<m≦16 16<m≦20
±600 +700 +300 0 −60 −

A Tooth Thickness B A B

Outside Diameter Runout

Face Runout

− − − − 6 − − − − − 35 − − −

Profile Error (*)

Remarks 1 : Grade A are applied to Ground cutters. Grade B is applied to Semi-ground cutters. Remarks 2 : Indicades tolerance on tooth thickness corresponding to the outside diameter.

Warranty Specitications of Cutter
Cutter Warranty Semi-ground Cutter (Grinding on Bore and Keyway) Cutter Warranty (Without Trial Test) Work Warranty (With Trial Test) New Cutter ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Regrinding Cutter

3 8

NACHI Accuracy of Shaving Cutters

Shaving Cutters

Gear Cutting Tools

NACHI Accuracy of Shaving Cutters

5 3.5 5.0 4.5 5.0 10.4 31.0 44.0 No.5 5.75 4.5 +0 3.8 1.0 3.4mm Module>6:Lc=31. Conventional shaving Module≦6:Lc=25.0 2.5 6.5 6. Under Pass shaving Lc= b cos∑ +3mπ×sin∑+2 63 .25 1.0 9.0 50.75 No.0 6.75 4.5 3.0 2.5 +0.0 3.75 3.25 3.0 11.0mm Cutter width:T (A Standard Example) inch Metric 19.0 2. of Teeth 214 173 137 113 97 89 79 67 61 59 53 ※ 47 ※ 47 ※ 43 197 151 137 113 97 89 79 73 67 61 59 53 ※ 47 ※ 43 ※ 41 ※ 37 ※ 33 Type Module m 1.0 38.0 4.45 44.0 4.05 20.5 1.5 1.25 2.0 5.0 3 9 .75 2.0 3.Shaving Cutters Standard Number of Cutter Teeth Gear Cutting Tools Type Module m 0.5 1.25 3.0 1.1 38.0 1.25 3.5 7.5 6.5 2.0 300 ※ : Less than pressure angle 17.5 3.25 1.75 2.5˚ are not applied Simple Calculation for Cutter Width Lc T=Lc T  m :Module  b :Gear Width  ∑ :Crossed Axis Angle 1.4 25.00 0 5 2.25 1. of Teeth 173 151 121 113 97 89 79 73 67 61 59 53 ※ 47 ※ 43 ※ 41 ※ 30 73 67 59 53 ※ 47 ※ 43 ※ 43 ※ 37 ※ 31 ※ 29 ※ 27 ※ 25 175 225 Standard Number of Cutter Teeth and Simple Calculation for Cutter Width Shaving Cutters 200 3.0 4.75 4.25 2.75 32.5 2.25 2.3 0 .09 0 67.0 1.75/32.8 50.0 5. Diagonal shaving (Travel Angle θ) b・tanθ Lc=         +3mπ×sin∑+4 sin∑+cos∑×tanθ 4. Plunge Cut shaving Lc=b×cos∑+3mπ×sin∑+5 8 +0.0 5.75 3.0 12.75 2.0 25.0 8.5 2.

This method can achieve better accuracy than cylindrical dies rolling. Vertical Rolling Machine Hydraulic Cylinder or Ball Screw Left Slide Synchronizing Mechanism Forming Racks Headstock Tailstock Workpiece Right Slide Pinion Gear Rolling Process (1) (2) (3) 4 0 Feature and Rolling Principles Rack Forming Racks Rolling Principles Gear Cutting Tools Forming Racks .Forming Racks Forming Racks are used in pairs to roll the teeth into the workpiece. and have next features. Rolling is generally completed in a few seconds and is a far more efficient than hobbing.

involute serration.Forming Racks Gear Cutting Tools Example of automotive parts Yoke Input Shaft Steering Shaft Forming Racks Drive Pinion Axle Shaft Drive Axle Example Drive Shaft Main Shaft Example Workpieces Forming Rack is for large volume production of parts with involute spline. Spline + Thread Worm Screw Oil Groove (Helix Angle 0˚) Number of The Small Teeth Gear Oil Groove (Helix Angle 30˚) + Spline Worm 4 1 . worm and others. thread.

a larger pressure angle increases life. Prectical Handness Pressure Angle 30˚ 37.000 320HB 12.Forming Racks Overall Length Teeth Length Width Relief Teeth Finishing Teeth Plate Type Roughing Teeth Wedge Type Height Double Wedge Type Applicable Machine Plate Type Vertical or Horizontal Rolling Machine Wedge Type Vertical Rolling Machine Double Wedge Type Horizontal Rolling Machine ATC Type Vertical Rolling Machine with ATC Unit : mm Types & Dimensions Type Plate Type Teeth Length 7 9 11 13 16 20 24 28 32 36 42 48 178 229 280 331 407 508 610 712 813 915 1067 1220 Overall Length 210 261 312 362 439 540 642 744 845 947 1099 1252 Wedge Type Teeth Length 178 229 280 331 407 508 610 712 813 915 − − Overall Length 195 245 295 346 422 523 623 725 826 928 − − Double Wedge Type Teeth Length 178 229 280 331 407 508 610 712 813 915 1067 1219 Overall Length 202 253 304 355 431 532 634 736 837 939 1091 1243 ATC Type Teeth Length 178 229 280 331 407 508 610 712 813 915 − − Overall Length 178 229 280 331 407 508 610 712 813 915 − − Type of Racks and Basic Dimensions Tool life & Regrinding The hardness of work and the pressure angle have the largest influence on life. and regrinding may be allowed for 3∼4 times.000 Rack Height After Regrind 4 2 Forming Racks Gear Cutting Tools Type of Racks and Basic Dimensions . (see table 1) On other hand.000 30.000 340HB − 25. (see table 2) The tools are reground by removing the worn metal.000 62.5˚ 45˚ Practical Hardness 285HB less 310HB less 330HB less Maximum Hardness 300HB 330HB 350HB Amount to be Removed Tooth Depth Damage Crack Metal Fatigue Tool Life of S35C∼S45C Steel Hardness Pressure Angle 30˚ 45˚ 200HB 100.000 150. Hardness of less than 200HB is recommended.000 260HB 55. But the life become lower as a result of regrinding.

and can be adjusted. One type chamfers two corners of the tooth.Other Types of Gear Cutting Tools Gear Cutting Tools Gear Chamfering Tools Deburring Cutters This tool is used to create chamfer on the gear hobbed or shaped There are two types of tool. Gear Chamfer 4 3 . Other Types of Gear Cutting Tools 1 Gear Chamfering Tools 2 Chamfer Gear 2 Corner Chamfer All Corner Chamfer 3 C Spur Gear C C Helical Gear C C C C C C C Electro-Deposited Burnishing Tools This is an electro-deposited diamond tool used for removing burrs or hit marks from heat treated gear corners. while the other chamfers all four corners. Special type of Deburring Cutter includes the follows(see sketch at right) qChamfer includes the root corner wChamfer parallel to the taper face eChamfer a taper from the tooth tip to root This tool is made up of two gears.

Other Types of Gear Cutting Tools This tool efficiently forms a reverse lead taper on synchronizer sleeve of transmission. Rolling Tool This tool forms a reverse lead taper by pushing into the radial direction of work while rolling. This process is done after broaching or shaping of the part. ●The Accuracy of the taper angle is within ±15' ●The burrs after rolled are so big as to be removed by Broaches or other tools Rolling Tool Other Types of Gear Cutting Tools Work Piece Portion Formed 4 4 Reverse Lead Taper Tooth Forming Tool Gear Cutting Tools Reverse Lead Taper Tooth Forming Tool .

and a high speed broaching in cutting speed 60m/min. CVT ball groove.76 HW-5008 Hard Broaches Squareness Appearance Between pin Dia. : 25. : 23. various variant holes Sample Features Comparison of finished teeth Before After Work No. : 24. No need for work piece washing out and dealing with waste fluid.971 Major Dia. Sectional carbide broach and hard broaching machine are used. Broaches Hard Broach Applications Technical Introduction Involute spline hole (gear part for autos). Environment-Friendly with MQL system.05 Before heat-treatment Heattreatment After Hard Broaching Lead The Surface of Broaching Between Pin Dia 4 5 .000 Dia.Technical Introduction Realize finishing of 50-60 HRC herdend material Fruit broaching time is high efficiency for one second.46 Minor Dia. True cutting time is less than for one second.of teeth : 24 Normal Module : 1 Normal Pressure Angle : 45˚ Pitch Dia. Hard Broaches Highly precise broaching of the high hardness materials(50-60HRC). : 16. Between pin Dia The variation of between pin dia is small Profile 0.

MQL Broach NBM-5008 Involute Spline. Applications Broaches Oil + Conventional Broach Semi-dry + MQL Broach MQL Broaching Realize a small amont of coolant broaching by turning cutting oil into mist.00 Conventional MQL Wear 27 Work piece Broach Cutting conditions What' MQL MQL = Minimum Quantity Lubrication = Mist Machining = Semi Dry Machining Use a very small quantity of oil of 1∼3cc per one hour.10 0. 54 Cutting length (m)  81 m S45C(200HB) Broach for MQL m2xPA30xNT16 Broaching speed Cutting depth 5m/min 0.06mm/Dia Conventional Too much quantity of oil is required. Reduce a washing operation after broaching and improve the working efficiency. Involute Serratrion Features mm 0.06 0. make oil mist of 1∼2μm and machining while jetting in cutting edge.04 0.Technical Introduction Realize MQL broaching for the first time in the world Broach for MQL MQL broach cuts down the running cost by 15% comparing with coolant oil used. 4 6 Technical Introduction .02 0.08 0.

� Improve accuracy of workpiece and tool life.Technical Introduction Realize balance and excellent accuracy Off-normal Gullet Helical Broach � Off-normal Gullet" Helical Broach is the best broach to ensure accuracy of internal helical gears. (off-normal gullet) PAT. Broaches Assembly type Solid type Technical Introduction Applications Off-normal Gullet Helical Broach Internal Helical gears of Automatic Transmission Internal helical gear Features Comparison of Lead Error Gullet Comparison of Lead Error Right The lead error is improved by locating finishing teeth on spiral gash.� The angular design of gullet provides the best balanced cutting. Conventional Gullet Left Off-normal Gullet Right Left 4 7 . PAT.

01mm 0.0mm NT=93 22.65mm � 0.25m � Applications Compactification of planetary gear 0.14mm T=0.8KN (0.9Ton) 4 8 � .01mm Cutting conditions Machine� Work� Cutting speed Vertical Machine NBM 5008� SCM 435� 3m/min Cutting Oil� Broach Length� Pulling Load Mist� � 900mm (Length of Cutting Teeth 290 mm)� 8.65mm 23.49mm 1.5mm 23.18mm Micro Module Broaching� Technical Introduction NBV-3-6 MNC Broaches Profile error Left Right Left Lead error Right 0.245 Micro Module Broaching� Best for highly accuracy broaching of a micro module� Apply to a standard gear of whole depth 2.Technical Introduction Realize Broaching of Module 0.

These are constituted usually with several cutting teeth of the same dimensions.Guidance Terms Internal Broaches Shank Diameter Front Pilot Pull End First Cutting Teeth Semi.Finishing Teeth Finishing Teeth Rear Pilot Retriever End Roughing Teeth Broaches Front Shank Length Length of Cutting Teeth Overall Length Rear Shank Length Types of Pull Ends (1) Cotter Type (3) Threaded Type Types of Retriever Ends (1) RoundNeck Type (2) Jaw/ Claw Type Guidance (4) Pin Type (2) Jaw/ Claw Type (3) Trapezoid Type (Flat Type) Roughing teeth Semi-finishing teeth The cutting teeth to conduct main cutting. 4 9 . Further. Finishing teeth The cutting teeth to finishing the workpiece to the specific dimensions . the cutting teeth after second one are called also as preparatory teeth. The cutting teeth having small cutting amount to be arranged before the finishing teeth.

Guidance Keyway Broach Semi-Finishing Teeth Overall Length Shank Length Front Pilot Length of Cutting Teeth Roughing Teeth Finishing Teeth Height of Finishing Teeth Pull End Tooth Width Bottom Face Broach Width Tooth Cross Section Slab Broach Overall Length Length of Cutting Teeth Roughing Teeth SemiFinishing Teeth Finishing Teeth Tooth Width Bottom Face Height of Finishing Teeth Broach Width Gullet Land Width Pitch Relief Angle Depth of Gullet Tooth Radius Face Angle 5 0 Guidance Helix Angle Broaches .

Guidance Internal broaching machine Lifter Retrieving head Broach Work Broaches Work Bolster Pull head Surface broaching machine Guidance Ram Broach holder Broach Work Work support Work support of keyway broaching Work Broach horn Bolster broach horn liner Keyway broach 5 1 .

Guidance Broaching Vertical internal broaching machine Broach transfer type (1) Loading (2) Initial positioning (3) Broaching (4) Unloading (5) Setting Retrieving head (6) Returning cycle Broach Retrieving head Broaches Work piece Pull head Guidance Work transfer type (1) Loading (2) Initial positioning (setting pull head) (3) Broaching (4) Unloading (5) Returning cycle Broach Table Work piece Bolster Pull head 5 2 .

Internal Broaching Process Internal Broaches Work Broaches Work piece sample Round Broach Special Spline Broach Square Broach Internal Broaches Serration Broach Parallel Side Spline Broach Work Piece Samples of Internal Broaches Special Shape Broach 5 3 . A lower hole is opened to the cover crops beforehand and usually machines it through an internal broach in this hole.Internal Broaches Internal Broaching As for the internal broach. shape of indispensability can finish the inside of the cover crops.

There are three types of broaches with round teeth at the front. Round teeth at the end 5 4 Involute Spline Broaches Internal Broaches Broaches .Internal Broaches Round Broaches Round broaches are finishing broaches used for highly precise round holes. Involute Spline Broaches Involute Spline Broaches are used in automotive massproduction. There is burnishing broach to improve surface finish. Parallel Side Broaches are mainly used. There are broaches with round teeth as well as Involute Spline Broaches. round teeth at the end and alternating spline and round teeth to decrease the eccentricity on the minor and major diameter of a spline. Round teeth at the front Round teeth at the end Alternating spline and round teeth Parallel Side Spline Broaches In track part or machine part production.

Internal Broaches Built-up Broaches This broach is assembled of some broaches and used instead of solid broach to obtain more tool life and more accuracy of workpiece. Push Broaches will be used.Internal Broaches Push Broaches Broaching is generally done by pulling. Push Broaches Large Diameter Broaches NACHI can manufacture broaches with an outside diameter of 300mm and a weight of 500kg. and precise shell-type broaches for internal gears. but in cases where the cutting stock is small. 5 5 . Broaches Complicated Formed Spline Broaches Various complicated formed broaches can be manufactured such as Outer Rotor Spline Broach and others.

This assembly broach design has a front roughing section and a removable floating shell-type finishing section with full involute teeth in rear section. Assembly type Broaches Solid type Cutting Method Internal Broaches Roughing teeth Finishing teeth Helical Broaches 5 6 .Internal Broaches Helical Broaches All of internal helical gears of automotive AT are fabricated by this helical broaches.

Surface Broaches Surface Broaching Used to remove metal from an external surface to produce a flat or contoured surface. It is more economical than milling cutter because of broaches allows roughing and finishing operation be continued. Surface Broaching Process Surface Broach Work Broaches Workpiece Sample Work Piece Samples of Surface Broaches Surface Broaches 5 7 .

Connecting Rod & Cap Connecting Rod Cutting Method ♯7 ♯9 ♯11 ♯13 ♯19 ♯21 ♯15 ♯17 ♯8 ♯10 ♯12 ♯14 ♯1∼♯6 ♯23 ♯20 ♯22 ♯16 ♯18 Disc Brake Broaches Mounting for Disk Brake Connecting Rod Broaches NSL-T Series 5 8 Surface Broaches Broaches .Surface Broaches Connecting Rod Broaches This is a broach to cut connecting rod and cap which is main part of engines. NACHI can design and manufacture broaches and also broach holders.

Broaches Fir Tree Broach Cutting Method Surface Broaches Roughing Broach Semi-Finishing Broach Fir Tree Type Broaches Finishing Broach SV-20-23M Turbo fan engine 5 9 . Turbine rotors discs have a number of grooves in a christmas tree shapes which require high accuracy and their material is usually very hard to cut. NACHI can manufacture highly precise chrismas tree type broaches.Surface Broaches Fir Tree Type Broaches These broaches are suitable for turbine rotor disk blade groove broaching of aircraft. ships and generators.

Surface Broaches Steering Rack Broaches This is used in broaching of automobile steering rack. Steering Rack Broaches Steering Rack Bar Surface Broaches TSL-7. NACHI can manufacture broaches such as variable tooth thickness type.5-15 6 0 Steering Rack Broaches Broaches . form relief type and inserted blade type.

Retriever End Shape This is determined based upon the broaching machine retriever head. normal cutting. n=L/P (raise decimals and above to the whole number) Broaches L Length of Cut 1 2 2 Length of Cut : L=  + 1 Chip Space≧Chip Volume×6   Workpiece t Chip Volume (L×t) Chip Space Design of Broach Length of cut Width of cut Number of Engaged Cutting Teeth Cutting Method Cutting methods can be divided generally into.2∼2. The chip space must be larger 6 times than chip volume. Normal Cut (Outside diameter up) Form Cutting Progressed Cut Width of Cut RISE/tooth Cutting Stock RISE/tooth RISE/tooth 6 1 . outline cutting and progressed cutting. ・ Number of engaged cutting teeth(n) Normally more than 2 teeth cut at the same to time. Tooth Pitch ・ Pitch(P)=1.Design of Broach Main Design of Broach Basic Design 1. Pull End Shape This is determined based upon the broaching machine pull head. 3. 2.0√L ・ The pitch is determined so that the chip do not become jammed in the chip space.

025×2.94 1. machine stroke Length of work support Length of cutting teeth Shank Length Length of cut Rear Shank Length A Broach Length(Max) = A(Max) − (Length of Work Support + Length of Cutting Teeth) Broach Length(Min) = B(Min) − C(Min) C B 6 2 .94∼3.96 1. Length of Cut=25mm : ●Pitch=1.8 × Estimated Load  An example calculation  Parallel side spline 20×16×4×6SP :  Material Alloy Steels.92 2.8×7=12.94 3.Design of Broach Calculation of Pulling Load ●Estimated Load (kN) =Width of Cut (mm)  × Cutting depth/Tooth (mm) Number of engaged cutting teeth ×  × Specific cutting resisitance (kN/mm2) ●Safty Load (kN) =1.5=3.025mm ●Specific Cutting Force = 2.94×4=7kN ●Safty Load = 1.3 → 4 ●Cutting Depth/Tooth = 0. machine stroke − Length of Cut ●Required stroke = Length of Cutting Teeth + Rear Shank Length + Length of Cut < Max.5×√25=7.98∼1.96 Broaches Design of Broach Stroke length Cutting depth/Tooth (μm) Round Broach 10∼20 10∼20 25∼40 25∼35 20∼30 35∼50 Spline Broach 25∼30 25∼30 25∼40 25∼35 20∼30 30∼40 Surface Broach 30∼70 30∼70 50∼75 50∼75 30∼60 60∼100 Work Material Carbon Steels Alloy Steels Cast Irons Malleable Cast Irons Stainless Steels Non-ferrous Alloys Broach Length and Machine Stroke Broach length is limited by machine stroke and fixture ●Length of Cutting Teeth + Rear Shank Length < Max.6kN Specific cutting Force (kN/mm2) 2.5 ●Number of Engaged Cutting teeth=25/7.35∼2.92 0.94kN/mm2 ●Estimated Load = (4×6) ×0.

5˚ 2˚ Face Angle Relief Angle Broaches Side Relief The relief to relieve from the form cut with remaining the part near the cutting edge. Relief Angle Work Material Low Tensile Strength Steels Mid Tensile Strength High Tensile Strength Cast Iron. Form relief Back taper The back taper is a method for making back tapered side relief on a broach for splines. Side relief Tooth profile Side relief Side relief angle Tooth profile Design of Broach Form Relief The relief to relieve by the same form as the tooth profile . Brass Alminum Alloys Face Angle 13∼20˚ 10∼15˚ 10∼13˚ 10˚ 3˚ 15∼20˚ Relief Angle 2˚ 2˚ 2˚ 2˚ 0.Design of Broach Face Angle. 6 3 . Malleable Cast Iron Bronze. serrations and involute splines.

+33 For example. Because of this. set the broaches target size a little larger in advance. cutting length as well as the thickness of the part and the cutting conditions (cutting speed cutting. use a target value that is 20% smaller than the maximum tolerance of the work piece.) which may change the dimensions of the work piece after broaching.Design of Broach Finished size of broaches Generally. cutting fluid etc. then 0 set the target size of the broach to φ25. However. The actual finishing size of work piece is affected by its hardness. Maximum Limit of Size Tolerance Zone of Work Least Limit of Size Design of Broach Example of deformation after the broaching The work materials while broaching in order to receive thrust. if the work piece has a large tolerance. Because of that.033. Tolerance Zone of Broach If tolerance is large. Example of Thin Woll Thickness Finished form 6 4 Broaches . the work materials after the broaching have the case that becomes smaller than the finished size of broaches. and do a few trials to decide with consideration to what is needed. plastic deformation occurs. if the finished size of the work piece is φ25 . use size to have a small 20% than the work piece tolerance upper limit. it is set its target size of broach to the upper limit of the tolerance band of the work piece. shape.

according to what type it is. Malleable Cast Iron Bronze. accuracy and efficiency. � however parts with a hardness up to 300HB are widly broached.Essential Points and Notice � for Broaching Process Workpiece Hardness Part hardness of 200∼230HB is generally used for broaching. which are not inferior in terms of maintaining performance in piece count.� Hardness over 300HB shortens the tool life. reducing energy. it causes tearing on the surface on part. It is essential to select a suitable cutting fluid depending on the work piece material. eliminating cleaning processes. the workpiece roughness and tool life.� On top of that. improving work environments. Cutting Speed Cutting Speed infuences the accuracy. � The table right shows recommended cutting speed. and increasing tool life. Broaches Work Material Steels Stainless Steels Cast Iron. Environmentally friendly chlorine-free coolants are also supported. we have extensive experience in MQL machining. machining active sulfuric chloride with its large amounts of chlorine. Brass Alminum Alloys Magnesium Tough Free Machining Cutting Speed 3∼8m/min 2∼5m/min 6∼8m/min 10m/min 10m/min 10m/min 10m/min Cutting Fluids Essential Points and Notice for Broaching Process Cutting fluid influences broach life. MQL : Minimum Quantity of Lubrication Work Material� Steels� Stainless steels� Cast Iron� Copper Alloy� Alminum Alloys Cutting Fluids� Active sulfur type oil� Active sulfur type oil� Water soluble Oil or Dry� Compound Oil� Water soluble Oil 6 5 . on the under table. shows recommended cutting fluids. Specifically types of cutting fluids that contain large amounts of inorganic additives. The table. � If extremely soft steel is broached.

1� 60 � −0.5 NBM BV-T5.5� <d≦22.5.20� � 65�  0� 48 � � � −0.08� 39 � −0.5� <d≦12.5 � �  0� 25� −0.117� 24 � � � 27.5� <d≦14. T20 NUV-20 6 6 .5 � 12 � �  0� −0.174� � 65 � � 10� 20� 30� 40� 50� 70� 80� 110� 130� 180� 220� 280� 360� 450� 550� 630� 720� 850� 1000 150� 150� 150� 160� 160� 170� 170� 180� 180� –� –� –� –� –� –� –� –� –� –� 170� 170� 170� 180� 180� 190� 190� 200� 200� 210� 210� 225� 225� 225� 235� 235� 235� –� –� 180� 180� 180� 190� 190� 200� 200� 210� 210� 220� 220� 235� 235� 235� 245� 245� 245� 255� 255 As Length to Front Pilot is changed by type of Broaching Machine.5� � −0. Type Applicable Broaching Machine 1� 2� 3 NBV-5.5� 18.093� � 15 � � � 17 � � � 18.05� 13.5� −0.5� 20.5� −0. it's necessary to select by next table.5� <d≦20.046� 70� � 52 � � � � 75 � 56 � � � � 30� � � 4 � 100� � 110 � � � 120 � � � 140 � � 170 � � 35� � 40� 50� −0.5 � −0.5� 12.039� 45� � 34 � � � � 50� � 38 � � � � 55� � 41 � � � � 60� � 45 �  0� −0.022� � 12� � 14� 16� � �  0� � −0.142� � 43.5� 22.5� 16.5� � � 12 � � −0.5� −0.Pull End Jaw Pull End Standard Dimensions L = L 1+ H C D A 45 ° � E B 45°� D1 = Pull Fixture Thickness (30mm) Unit : mm Pre-broached� Hole� Diameter� � d Shank� Diameter� � � D Neck� Diameter� � � D1 Length� to Neck� � � A Neck� Length� � � B Chamfer� Length� � � C Flat� Width� � � E Flat� Height� � � H Max.5� 14.5� <d≦18.5� � � 21. 7.5� � � 31 � � � 34.10� � � � 20� 15 � � � � � 22� 16.5� <d≦26� 26� <d≦29� 29� <d≦33� 33� <d≦37� 37� <d≦41� 41� <d≦47� 47� <d≦52� 52� <d≦57� 57� <d≦62� 62� <d≦67� 67� <d≦72� 72 <d≦78�  d>78  0� 10� −0.076� � 10.027 � 7.033� 19 � � � � � 28� � 21 � � �  0� 32� � 24 � −0.15� � � 36� � 27 � � � 40�  0� 30 � � � −0.04� 8.065� −0.5 � 9 � � � � � 10.5� � 48 � � � 53 � � � 57 � � −0.5� <d≦16.� Load� Permitted� � (kN) Length to Front Pilot� L Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Broaches Jaw Pull End Standard Dimensions Pull End 10. T10 NUV-10� NUV-15� BV-T15.08� � 12� � � 15� � � � 18� � � � 20� � � 25� � 30 � � � � � � � � � 25� � � � 3� � � 90� � � � � � � 5 � � � � 6� � � � 8� � � 10 � � 80� � �  0� 18� 13. T7.

T10 NUV-10� NUV-15� BV-T15.5� <d≦14.5 � � � 5 � � � 6� � � 8� � � � 4 � � � 3� � � 9� 10� 12� 14� 16� 18� 20� 22� 25� 28� 33� 36� 40� 45� 50� 55� 58� 63� 68 90 � � 80� � 55 � � � � 50� � � 20� 30� 40� 50� 60� 70� 100� 130� � � � 170� 230� 280� 340� 420� 530� 660� 770� 950� 1080� 1270 170� 175� 175� 180� 180� 185� 185� 195� 195� 195� 205� 205� 205� 215� 215� � � � � � 190� 195� 195� 200� 200� 205� 205� 215� 215� 215� 225� 225� 225� 235� 235� � � � � � 220� 225� 225� 230� 230� 235� 235� 245� 245� 245� 255� 255� 255� 265� 265� 270� 270� 280� 280 Cotter Pull End Standard Dimensions � 0� −0.046� 72 <d≦78� 70� � �  d>78 75 � � 60 65� 70 Pull End 7 8� � � 22� � � � 25 � � 30 � � � 9� 11� 13� � � � � � � � 14 � 16 � 18 40� 45 � 50 � 55 � � 100 � � 110 � � 10 � As Length to Front Pilot is changed by type of Broaching Machine. it's necessary to select by next table.5� 14� 16� � 18� � � � � 20 � � � 16� 18 � 20 � 25 � � 32� � � � � � � 3� 3.5� <d≦22.027� 16. T7. 7.5� 20� � � 22.5� 6.5� 10� −0.5� 12� � 14.5� <d≦12.033� 26� <d≦29� 25� � � 29� <d≦33� 28� � � 33� <d≦37� 32� � � 37� <d≦41� 36� � 41� <d≦47� 40�  0� −0.022� � 12.� Load� Permitted� � (kN) Length to Front Pilot� L Type 1 Type 2 Type 3  0� 10.5� 4� 5� 5.5� <d≦16. Type Applicable Broaching Machine 1� 2� 3 NBV-5.5� <d≦20.Pull End Cotter Pull End Standard Dimensions L = L1 + E H C D A B W = Pull Fixture Thickness (30mm) Unit : mm Broaches Pre-broached� Hole� Diameter� � d Shank� Diameter� � � D Length to� Cotter� Hole� � A Cotter� Hole� Length� � B Cotter� Hole� Width� � W Chamfer� Length� � � C Flat� Width� � � H Flat� Length� � � E Max.5.5� 18� � � 20.039� 47� <d≦52� 45� � � 52� <d≦57� 50� � � 57� <d≦62� 55� � � 62� <d≦67� 60� � � 67� <d≦72� 65�  0� −0.5� <d≦26� 22�  0� −0.5� 16� � � 18.5 NBM BV-T5.5� <d≦18. T20 NUV-20 6 7 .

� Load� Permitted� � (kN) Length to Front Pilot� L Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 3×1. Type Applicable Broaching Machine 1� 2� 3 NBV-5.5 NBM BV-T5. 7.5.5� 200� 200� 210� 210  0� −0. T7.018� M14×2.5� 4×2 � 4×2 � 4×2 � 5×2.5� M12×1.75� M10×1. T10 NUV-10� NUV-15� BV-T15.75� 35� 30� 35� 40� 40� 50� 50 10� 10� 10� 12� 12� 12� 19� 19� 19� 28� 19� 28� 39� 54� 66� 85 125� 125� 125� 130� 130� 130� 135� 135� 135� 145� 140� 145� 150� 150� 160� 160 145� 145� 145� 150� 150� 150� 155� 155� 155� 165� 160� 165� 170� 170� 180� 180 175� 175� 175� 180� 180� 180� 185� 185� 185� 195� 190� 195� Threaded Pull End Standard Dimensions Pull End  0� −0.5 As Length to Front Pilot is changed by type of Broaching Machine.021 M20×2.5� � 30� 30� 30� M12×1. T20 NUV-20 6 8 Broaches .0� M16×2.5� 10×4 12×4 15×5.015�  0� −0.5� 5×2.5� 3×1.5� 8×3.0� 20� 20� 25� M 8×1.5 � � 10� 12� 10� 12� 15� 13� 15� 18� 18� 22� 18� 22� 24� 30� 40� 50 9� 10� 9� 10� 13� 11� 13� 16� 16� 19� 16� 19� 21� 26� 32� 36 6� 5� � � � � � � � � 7� � � � � � � � � 8� 9 11� 9� 11� � � � � � 12� 15� 17� 19 � � � � �  0� −0.5� 5×2.5� 6×3 � 6×3 � 7×3.25� � 25� 25� � M10×1.015�  0� −0.018�  0� −0. it's necessary to select by next table.0� M18×2.Pull End Threaded Pull End Standard Dimensions W 1 L = L1 + T 2 H B A d 2 >Part = Pull Fixture Thickness� Length×2 Unit : mm Keyway Width W� Minimum� ×� Diameter� Keyway Depth T � � A Height of� Finshing� Teeth� � H Broach� Width� � � B Thread Size� � � � d Thread � Length� � � 1 Max.5� 7×3.012� � � 20� M 6×1.

1� � � � 2.027 22� 25  0� −0.2� <d≦� 8.15� 3� 150� � 170� � � 175 � 180 � 7.1� <d≦� 4.6� <d≦� 5.2� 8.5 NBM BV-T5.8� 3.5 � � � � � � 1� � � � � 1.6� <d≦� 6.2� <d≦� 7.3�  0 19� 23� 29� 35 � � � � � � 145 � � � � �  0� −0.5.6� 4� 4. it's necessary to select� by next table.5� 5� 5.3� <d≦� 3.Pull End Pin Pull End Standard Dimensions L = L 1+ D C A R = Pull Fixture Thickness (25mm) H Unit : mm Broaches Pre-broached� Hole Diameter� � � d Shank� Diameter� � � D Length� from Pin� Center� � A Chamfer� Length� � � C Pin Gullet� Height� � � H Gullet� Radius� � � R Max.1� <d≦� 5.5 � � � � � � � � � � � � � 4� � � � � � � � 2� 3� 4� +0.2� <d≦� 10.018� 12 165 � � 13�  0� −0.5 As Length to Front Pilot is changed by type of Broaching Machine.5� 7� 8� 8.2� 6.1� 4.2� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 3.2�  0� 5� 6� 7� 9� 13� 14� +0. 7.022� 16� 18� 20�  0� −0.5� 5� 5.2� Pull End 3.6� 4.5� 2.2� 3.25 6� 7� Pin Pull End Standard Dimensions  d>� 12.2� 9.2� <d≦� 9.7� 3.2� 10.2 <d≦� 12.5� � 155 � � 160 �  0� −0.5� 5� 5.� Load� Permitted� � (kN) Length to Front Pilot� L Type 1 Type 2 3.1� 5.5� 6� 7� 8� 9� 10� 11� 12 � 10 � � 0.5� 6.5� 4� 4. T10 NUV-10� NUV-15 6 9 .5� � � 2� � � 2.2� 11.2� 4.5 �  0� −0. T7.2� <d≦� 11. Type 1� 2 Applicable Broaching Machine NBV-5.7� <d≦� 4.5� 14�  0� −0.6� 5.2� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 2.

Retriever End Spring Retriever End Standard Dimensions 45°� 45°� H C K L G D 45°� 45°� N C K L G D Unit : mm Pre-broached� Hole Diameter� � � d Shank� Diameter� � � D Flat Width or� Neck Diameter� � � H.2� � 30� � � 16� 20� � � � � 25 � � � � � 30� � � � 8� � 60� 70� � � � 80 � � � 90 � 12.6� 17.04� 18� 22� 26� 34� 38� 55� 59� 89 105 −0. N Length� to Neck� � � G Neck Length� � � � K Chamfer� Length� � � C Length to� Rear Pilot� � � L Broach� Weight� Permitted� � (kg) 18<d≦� 23� 23<d≦� 29� 29<d≦� 35� 35<d≦� 41� 41<d≦� 47� 47<d≦� 55� 55<d≦� 65� 65<d≦� 75� 75<d≦� 100� d>� 100 15� 20� � � � � � � � � � � 25� 30� 35� 40� 45� 50� 60� 75 � 11� � � � � � � � � � � � 14� 16�  0� −0.009� −0.007� −0.006� −0.01� −0.6� 21.15� 25 � �  0� −0.1� 20� � �  0� −0.056 48� 63 12� 7 0 Spring Retriever End Standard Dimensions −0.1� −0.5� 19.033� � Broaches .7� 23.048� 30� 10 � 51� Retriever End −0.

Kashifuji. This is pushing the need to produce precision gears to a new level and driving demand for machinery and machine tools in both packaged and full turnkey systems. GPA Engineering is fusing "tools" and "machine tools". KANZAKI. the two core elements of the manufacturing industry.GPA GPA Engineering provides total solutions for gear cutting systems. and greater comfort are increasing. machine tools. concerns for the environment. Moreover. and NACHI have combined their capabilities to jointly develop and propose tools. Gear Cutting Process Task Assignments for Tools and Machinery Materials for gears Heat treatment Inner end surface grinding Hard hob cutting Turning work Broaching Hob cutting Shaving Heat treatment Inner end surface grinding Honing Inspection GPA Nachi Nachi Kashifuji 不二越 Kanzaki 住友電工 不二越 Nachi 不二越 Kashifuji 不二越 Kanzaki 不二越 Kanzaki Nachi Nachi 不二越 Kanzaki Nachi Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp. from facilities design through after-sales service. energy savings. Recently in the automotive sector. To meet this demand. GPA Engineering provides full support. Nachi Nachi Nachi Nachi Nachi Nachi Kashifuji Nachi . and more efficient production line designs. combining engineering and support services makes it possible to provide a full turnkey delivery that satisfies customer requirements and schedules.

broaching machines and honing machines Gear cutting tools Hobs.Core technologies Gear cutting. shaving machines. dress gears 7 2 GPA . dry cutting. cutting conditions and synchronicity Cutting equipment Hobbing machines. shaving cutters. broaches.

br/ .A.2330. Indiana.S. BRANCH Unit 7. 22285 Roethel Drive. CZECH Tel: +420-415-930-930 Fax: +420-415-930-940 AMERICA Overseas Sales Companies ●NACHI AMERICA INC. Michigan.A. Tel: +1-586-263-0100 Fax: +1-586-263-4571 URL: http://www.. Ontario. 28208.A.nachimtc.S.o. AIondra Blvd. Greenwood. Cerritos. 08029 Barcerona. 89 Courtland Ave. MEXICO Tel: +52-55-3604-0832/0842/0081 Fax: +52-55-3604-0882 Overseas Manufacturing Companies ●NACHI TECHNOLOGY INC. 48044. Jardim Sao Pedro. U. Michigan. SPAIN Tel: +34-(0)91-302-6440 Fax: +34-(0)91-383-9486 BARCELONA OFFICE Josep Tarradellas. Macomb. 1-A.S.A. Madrid. Tel: +1-317-535-5000 Fax: +1-317-535-8484 URL: http://nachitech. Concord. CZECH Tel: +420-255-734-000  Fax: +420-255-734-001 U. U. 74321.com. S. Tel: +1-317-535-5527 Fax: +1-317-535-3659 WEST COAST BRANCH 12652 E.A.S. Charlotte. U. Tel: +1-704-391-1511 Fax: +1-704-391-1648 ●NACHI BRASIL LTDA. Doral. Mogi das Cruzes.EUROPE Overseas Sales Companies ●NACHI EUROPE GmbH CZECH BRANCH Sezemicka 2757/2. U. Macomb. 58.de/ SOUTH GERMANY OFFICE Pleidelsheimer Strasse47.nachi. DE C. Tel: +1-586-226-5151 Fax: +1-888-383-8665 URL: http://www.com/ ●NACHI MACHINING TECHNOLOGY CO.A.193 00. U. California. U.nachiamerica. 2315 N. Krefeld. 28036. 47809.r. 1836 Lindbergh Street Suite 400. 1-5. Alberto Alcocer 28. L4K 3T4.A. 33172. Parque Industrial Naucalpan. 48375. Tel: +1-248-305-6545 Fax: +1-248-305-6542 URL: http://www. Urbina No.. Prumyslova 2732. 53370.com/ ●NACHI PRECISION NORTH CAROLINA INC. 440 01 Louny. Tel: +1-562-802-0055 Fax: +1-562-802-2455 MIAMI BRANCH-LATIN AMERICA DIV. S.S.W. 17500 Twenty-three Mile Road. Novi.V. 90703. CEP 08830-000 Tel: +55-11-4793-8800 Fax: +55-11-4793-8870 URL: http://www. Unit No.nachi. 713 Pushville Road.. Electric Avenue.A. BRASIL. No.K. Naucalpan de Juarez.P.P. Greenwood.nachicanada. 17500 Twenty-Three Mile Road.S. Tel: +1-305-591-0054/0059/2604 Fax: +1-305-591-3110 ●NACHI ROBOTIC SYSTEMS INC. U.A. 46143.com/ ~ ~ Avenida Joao XXⅢ. SPAIN Tel: +34-(0)93-430-6247 Fax: +34-(0)93-419-0807 Overseas Manufacturing Companies ●NACHI CZECH s. Tel: +44-(0)121-250-1890 Fax: +44-(0)121-250-1899 Bischofstrasse 99.S.com/ ●NACHI CANADA INC. 48044. CANADA Tel: +1-905-660-0088 Fax: +1-905-660-1146 URL: http://www. Birmingham B6 7JJ. Florida. 107th Ave. 46143. HEADQUARTERS ●NACHI MEXICANA. Estado de Mexico C. VGP Park-A1 Prague 9. Junction Six Industrial Estate. Bietigheim-Bissingen Tel: +49-(0)7142-77418-0 Fax: +49-(0)7142-77418-20 SPAIN BRANCH Av. Indiana.S. U. U.K.2.nachirobotics. North Carolina. Michigan.com/ INDIANA BRANCH 715 Pushville Road.54. GERMANY Tel: +49-(0)2151-65046-0 Fax: +49-(0)2151-65046-90 URL: http://www.

sg/ ●NACHI PILIPINAS INDUSTRIES.Jakarta 12950.jp 1-1-1 Fujikoshi-Honmachi.P. INDIA Tel: +91-120-425-8372 Fax: +91-120-425-8374 ●大成・NACHI油圧工業 (株) ●NACHI MOTHERSON TOOL TECHNOLOGY LTD. Taipei. Maria Industrial Estate. Yitong Industry Zone 258. LTD..Y. 289-22. No. Taguig. Yangsan-Si Kyungnam 626-800. PHILIPPINES Tel: +63-(0)2-838-3620 Fax: +63-(0)2-838-3623 MANILA OFFICE Km23 East Service Road. Distt. INC. Distt. INDIA Tel: +91-120-4272257 Fax: +91-120-4272256 ●東莞建越精密軸承有限公司 DONGGUAN NACHI C. Malu Town. Fengmao Rd. Samutprakarn. THAILAND Tel: +66-2-748-7322~4 Fax: +66-2-748-7325 INDIA REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE A/9A.W. U. AUSTRALIA Tel: +61-(0)2-9898-1511 Fax: +61-(0)2-9898-1678 URL: http://www. Manalac Compound. Jiading.au/ ●那智不二越 (上海) 貿易有限公司 NACHI C. INDONESIA Tel: +62-021-527-2841 Fax: +62-021-527-3029 ●NACHI (AUSTRALIA) PTY. THAILAND Tel: +66-38-961-682 Fax: +66-38-961-683 ●NACHI INDUSTRIES PTE. Shanghai 201801. Ward 16. ●耐鋸 (上海) 精密刃具有限公司 ●NACHI-FUJIKOSHI CORP.. No. City Metro Manila. 2. Jurong Town. 5/5 M. NACHI (SHANGHAI) PRECISION TOOLS CO. Sec3. Shanghai 201801.NACHI INDONESIA 1st Avenue.276. Rydalmere. Singapore 628943. Lung-Tan Hsin. LTD.nachi. Guangdong. CHINA Tel: +86-(0)21-6915-7200 Fax: +86-(0)21-6915-7669 DAESUNG-NACHI HYDRAULICS CO.nachinip. Jiading. CORPORATION Dangyong Village. 17F. 47630 UEP Subang Jaya..nachi-fujikoshi. U. SINGAPORE Tel: +65-68613944 Fax: +65-68611153 URL: http://www. Jiading. Kao Young North Rd. Sungsu 2GA-3DONG Sungdong-Ku. No. Rayong. Yousan-Dong. VIETNAM Tel: +84-8-9602-303 Fax: +84-8-9602-187 ●FUJIKOSHI-NACHI (MALAYSIA) SDN. PHILIPPINES Tel: +63-(0)2-850-0864 Fax: +63-(0)2-850-0864 ●建越工業股 有限公司 JI. Ho Chi Minh City. Noida-201301. Noida 201301. SINGAPORE Tel: +65-65587393 Fax: +65-65587371 VIETNAM OFFICE 614 Hong Bang Street. LTD.2 Joo Koon Way.com.com.Rasuna Said Kav. Fengmao Rd. TAIWAN Tel: +886-(0)3-47l-7651 Fax: +886-(0)3-471-8402 NACHI (SHANGHAI) CO.X-O Kuningan. Fengmao Rd.R. CHINA Tel: +86-(0)769-8843-1300 Fax: +86-(0)769-8843-1330 SHANGHAI NACHI BEARINGS CO. 889 Srinakarin Road. Yitong Industry Zone 258. Tokyo 105-0021 Tel: +81-(0)3-5568-5111 Fax: 03-5568-5206 Web Site URL http://www.ASIA and OCEANIA Overseas Sales Companies ●NACHI SINGAPORE PTE. Dist 11. Jalan USJ 21/3.co.S. 21120. LTD. Malu Town.Z-MIZUNO . Sector-16. Seoul 133-831. Gautam Budh Nagar. LTD. Minato-ku. LTD. Chung Ching N. CHINA Tel: +86-(0)21-6915-5899 Fax: +86-(0)21-6915-5898 ●NACHI-FUJIKOSHI CORP. Toyama 930-8511 Tel: +81-(0)76-423-5111 Fax: +81-(0)76-493-5211 CATALOG NO. CHINA Tel: +86-(0)21-6915-2200 Fax: +86-(0)21-6915-5427 TAIPEI REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE 3F No. N. LTD. T2301E 2009. ●那智不二越 (上海) 精密工具有限公司 ●NACHI-FUJIKOSHI CORP.. Tokyo Head Office Toyama Head Office Shiodome Sumitomo Bldg. 10270. 2116. TAIWAN Tel: +886-(0)2-2596-0118  Fax: +886-(0)2-2596-5346 KOREA REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE 2F Dongsan Bldg.H. 23-29 South Street. Unit 1. Capang Muntinlupa. Bagumbayan. Road. Gautam Budh Nagar. 1-9-2 Higashi-Shinbashi.P. Fengmao Rd. ●上海不二越精密軸承有限公司 ●NACHI-FUJIKOSHI CORP. CHINA Tel: +86-(0)21-6915-6200 Fax: +86-(0)21-6915-6202 SHANGHAI NACHI SAW CO.Y..17.109. KOREA Tel: +82-(0)55-385-7891~3 Fax: +82-(0)55-384-3270 D-59-60. Malu Town. Overseas Manufacturing Companies ●NACHI TECHNOLOGY (THAILAND) CO.co.Sta. Ban Khai.. Shanghai 201801. No.2 Joo Koon Way. BHD. Singapore 628943. Shanghai 201801. Jurong Town. Malu Town. MALAYSIA Tel: +60-(0)3-80247900 Fax: +60-(0)3-80235884 ●PT.Tao-Yuan Hsien. LTD. Yitong Industry Zone 258. Selangor Darul Ehsan. KOREA Tel: +82-(0)2-469-2254 Fax: +82-(0)2-469-2264 THAILAND REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE Chai-ho Wongwaiwat Bldg. Metro Manilla. Sector-6. Yitong Industry Zone 258.jp/ E-mail webmaster@nachi-fujikoshi. Rojana Industrial Estate Nongbua. Jiading.04. Hongmei Town Dongguan City. 276-4. LTD. CORP.

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