# S K Mondal s Theory of Machines GATE, IES & IAS 20 Years Question Answers Contents Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter

Chapter Chapter 1: Mechanism 2 : CAM 3 : Flywheel 4 : Governor 5 : Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing 6 : Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines 7 : Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical

Systems Chapter - 8 : Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft Chapter - 9 : Miscellaneous Er. S K Mondal IES Officer (Railway), GATE topper, NTPC ET-2003 batch, 12 years teaching experienced, Author of Hydro Power Familiarization (NTPC Ltd)

Note If you think there should be a change in option, don t change it by yourself send me a mail at swapan_mondal_01@yahoo.co.in I will send you complete explanation. Copyright © 2007 S K Mondal Every effort has been made to see that there are no errors (typographical or oth erwise) in the material presented. However, it is still possible that there are a few errors (s erious or otherwise). I would be thankful to the readers if they are brought to my attenti on at the following e-mail address: swapan_mondal_01@yahoo.co.in S K Mondal

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 1. Mechanism Objective Questions (IES, IAS, GATE) Previous 20-Years GATE Questions Kinematic pair GATE-1. Match the items in columns I and II [GATE-2006] Column I Column II P. Higher kinematic pair 1. Grubler's equation Q. Lower kinematic pair 2. Line contact R. Quick return mechanism 3. Euler's equation S. Mobility of a linkage4. Planer 5. Shaper 6. Surface contact (a) P-2, Q-6, R-4, S-3 (b) P-6, Q-2, R-4, S-1 (c) P-6, Q-2, R-5, S-3 (d) P-2, Q-6, R-5, S-1 GATE-1. Ans. (d) GATE-2. The minimum number of links in a single degree-of-freedom planar mechanism with both higher and lower kinematic pairs is [GATE-2002] (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 5 GATE-2. Ans. (c) Degrees of freedom GATE-3. The number degrees of freedom of a planar linkage with 8 links and 9 simple revolute joints is [GATE-2005] (a)1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d)4 GATE-3. Ans. (c) No. of links I = 8 No. of revolute joints, J = 9 No. of higher pair. h =0 .Number of degree of freedom n = 3 (I-1) -2J-h = 3 (8-1)-2 × 9-0 . n=3 GATE-4. When a cylinder is located in a Vee-block, then number of degrees of freedom which are arrested is [GATE-2003]

(a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 7 (d) 8 GATE-4. Ans. (c)

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 GATE-5. The number of degrees of freedom of a five link plane mechanism with five revolute pairs as shown in the figure is [GATE-1993] (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 2 (d) 1 GATE-5. Ans. (c) Degrees of freedom m = 3(n-1) -2J1-J2 where n = number of links J1 = number of single degree of freedom, and J2 = number of two degree of freedom Given, n =5, J1 =5, J2 = 0 Hence m = 3 (5-1) -2 × 5 - 0 = 2 GATE-6. Match the following with respect to spatial mechanisms. [GATE-2004] Type of Joint Degrees of constraint P. Revolute 1. Three Q. Cylindrical 2. Five R. Spherical 3. Four 4. Two 5. Zero (a) P-1 Q-3 R-3 (b) P-5 Q-4 R-3 (c) P-2 Q-3 R-1 (d) P-4 Q-5 R-3 GATR-6. Ans. (d) Grubler criterion GATE-7. A planar mechanism has 8 links and 10 rotary joints. The number of degrees of freedom of the mechanism, using Grubler's criterion, is [GATE-2008] (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 GATE-7. Ans. (b) Whatever may be the number of links and joints Grubler's criterion applies tomec hanism with only single degree freedom. Subject to the condition 3l-2j-4=0 and it satisfy this condition. Degree of freedom is given by = 3 (1-1) - 2j = 3 (8-1) (2 × 10) = 1 GATE-8. Match the approaches given below to perform stated kinematics/dynamics analysis of machine. [GATE -2009] Analysis Approach P. Q. 2. R. 3. Continuous relative rotation 1. D Alembert s principle Velocity and acceleration Grubler s criterion Mobility Grashoff s law

.

(d) Quick return mechanism. Ans.(d) An inversion of the single slider-crank chain GATE-12. Quick return motion mechanism .

Thhe forwa rd to reeturn rati o of the quick reeturn mechhanism is 2: 1.0 (d) 250. tthen the d istance 'd'' (in mmm) betweeen the crrank centrre to leverr pivot ceentre pointt should bee (a)) 144. Anns. (d) Heree 360 2 -a = a a and ( BCAC cos = a ) C a/2 O11P = 125mmm Quuick Returnn Mechanismm Tiimeof workiing(Forwarrd)Stroke ß 360 -aa == Timeoff returnstrooke aa 2 360o -a = 1 = a .3 (b) 216. 2a= .55 (c)) 240.00 [GATE-22009] GGATE-13.Mecchanism cchanism SS K Monndal s Chapterr 1 GGATE-13.A simple quick return meechanism is shown in the figgure. If thhe radius oof the crannk O1P is 125 mm.

360°-a 3 = 3360° .a . MMatch the foollowing [GATE-2004] ... (°-660°= sin 90 )= OO d 12 1125 . sin 30 °= d 125 .= 660° 2 Thhe extreme pposition of tthe crank (OO1P) are shoown in figurre. d ==250 mm sin30 °° GGATE-14.. OP Frrom right triiangle O2O11P1. we find that sin (900°-a /2)= 11 OO1O2 125 125 .a= 120° a .

0 (c) 2 (d) 1 [GATE-1995] GATE-15.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 Type of Mechanism Motion achieved P. Ans. Straight line motion (a) P-2 Q-3 R-1 S-4 (b) P-3 Q-2 R-4 S-1 (c) P-4 Q-1 R-2 S-3 (d) P-4 Q-3 R-1 S-2 GATE-14 Ans. Ans. Off-set slider-crank mechanism 3. Geneva mechanism 2. Scott . Figure shows a quick return mechanism. for obtaining a "double crank" mechanism? [GATE-2003] (a) Link of length p (b) link of length q (c) Link of length r (d) link of length s GATE-16. Quick return motion R. r. (d) . (a) 0. OO=4 cm. (b) Forward stroke Re turn stroke 240 120 2. (c) GATE 15.Russel mechanism 1. OA =2 cm. Scotch Yoke mechanism 4. = = Inversion of Double slider crank chain GATR-16. Which of these links should be the fixed one. The crank OA rotates clockwise uniformly. Simple harmonic motion S. q. The lengths of the links of a 4-bar linkage with revolute pairs only ar e p.5 (b) 2. Given that p < q < r < s. Intermittent motion Q. and s units.

is PPQ = O4Q = 2 a annd O2P = O2O4 == a.Thhere are twwo points PP and Q onn a planarr rigid bodyy.O4O2 PP = 180°. TThe input llink O2P off a four ba r liinkage is rrotated at 22 rad/s in counter cloockwise dirrection as shhown beloow. The relaativ e veloccity beetween thee two pointts [GATE-2010] (a)) Should alwways be alonng PQ (b)) Can be oriented alongg any directiion (c)) Should alwways be perppendicular tto PQ (d)) Should be along QP wwhen the boddy undergoees pure trannslation GGATE-17. Anns. at ann innstant wheen . 12 223 a .Mecchanism cchanism SS K Monndal s Chapterr 1 VVelocityy of a point onn a link GGATE-17. (c) < < 12 23 13 14 34 . The anggular veloccity oof the coup ler PQ in rrad/s. (aa) 4 (b)) 2 2 (c) 1 (dd) 1/ 2 [GATE-20007] GGATE-18. Anns. (c) GGATE-18.

2 13 223 = 2a . 20.31 = 22 .33 = 1rad / s CCommoon Data Questiions Common Daata for Queestions 19. 21: .Now.. 3 = .

At the same instant. = 8 rad/s and a = 0. the angular velocity and angular acceleration of link O2 A are (. (b) GATE-21. respectively. The link O2 A is balanced so that its centre of mass falls at O2 GATE-19. if the component of the force at joint A along AB is 30 N. whose plane is horizontal. At the instant considered. what is the magnitude of the angular velocit y of Q4B? [GATE-2005] 64 (a) 1 rad/s (b) 3 rad/s (c) 8 rad/s (d) rad/s 3 GATE106.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 An instantaneous configuration of a fourbar mechanism. At this instant. (b) GATE-20. Ans. Ans. Ans. then the magnitude of the joint raction at O2 [GATE-2005] (a) is zero (b) is 30 N (c) is 78 N (d) cannot be determined from the given data GATE-21. and the driving torque (t ) is zero. is shown in the figure below. Which kind of 4-bar mechanism is O2ABO4? [GATE-2005] (a) Double-crank mechanism (b) Crank-rocker mechanism (c) Double-rocker mechanism (d) Parallelogram mechanism GATE-19. (d) GATE-22. For the planar mechanism shown in figure select the most appropriate choice for the .

motion of link 2 when link 4 is moved upwards. (b) . (a) Link 2 rotates clockwise (b) Link 2 rotates counter clockwise (c) Link 2 does not move (d) Link 2 motion cannot be determined [GATE-1999] GATE-22 Ans.

Anns. such tthat AHH = HP (d)) Point P liees at line joiningg G annd F GGATE-24. Innstantaneo us centre oof a body rrolling wit h sliding oon a station nary curveed suurface lies (a)) at the poinnt of contactt [GATE-1992] (b)) on the commmon normaal at the poiint of contacct (c)) on the commmon tangennt at the poiint of conta ct (d)) at the centtre of curvatture of the sstationary ssurface GGATE-25. Anns. s the rigght of both tthe spools onn the line jooining A ann the inttersection o f the line jooining B andd C and thee GGATE-25.Mecchanism cchanism SS K Monndal s Chapterr 1 LLocationn of Insstantanneous ccentres GGATE-23. Thhe figure bbelow showws a planarr meechanism with singlee degree o f freeedom. (b. d) . (c) GGATE-24. (d) the lefft of both thhe spools buut at infinit y along thee betweeen the two sspools on thhe line joininng A and H . Th e instant ccentre 24 fofor the givven configguration is located att a poosition (a) L (b) M (c) N (d) 8 [GAATE-2004] GGATE-23. For the aaudio cassette mechaanism sho wn in Figuure given below wheer e is thee instanta neous cenntre of rottation (poiint) of thee two spoools? [GATE-1999] (a)) Point P liees to line joinin g A annd H (b)) Point P liees in uch that PH = 22 AP (c)) Point P liees to d H. Anns.

Link 2 rrotates at a constannt speed of 120 rpm.. The maggnitude oof Carioles componennt of accelleration oof link 1 is (a) 302m/s22 (b) 604 mm/s2 (c) 906m/s22 (d) 1208 m/s2 [GATE-20004] GATE-26... Ans. (a) Velocity off link 1 withh respect to 2 V12 =12 m s 2N 22p× p 120 . In the figure sshown. 212 ×12 =× ..Corioli s componentt of acceleraation =2V12.566r ad / s . The Cariooles compoonent of acccelerationn is presennt [GATE--2002] (a) 4-bar mmechanisms with 4 turnning pairs (b) shaperr mechanismm (c) slider-crrank mechaanism (d) Scotchh Yoke mechhanism GATE-27.. Ans.= = 60 60 =12.Meechannism eechannism S K Moondal s Chaptter 1 Number of Innstantanneous centress in Mechanis m and Kenneedy Theeorem GATE-26.566 =302m s 2 GATE-27. thhe relativee velocity oof link 1 wwith respecct to link 22 is 12 m/seec. (b) .

(d) (b) an Oldham's coupling (d) a Hooker s joint [GATE-2002] Previous 20-Years IES Questions Kinematic pair IES-1. Ans. The coupling used to connect two shafts with large angular misalignment is (a) a Flange coupling (c) a Flexible bush coupling GATE-28. Rolling pair engine D.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 Hooke s Joint (Universal Joint) GATE-28.Sliding pair 1. Spherical pair 3. Crank shaft in a journal bearing in an C. piston and cylinder Revolute pair . Ans. Nut and screw A B C D A B C D (a) 5 (c) 5 IES-1. Crank shaft in a journal bearing in an engine Rolling . Revolute pair 2. Piston and cylinder 5. A road roller rolling over the ground B. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer [IES-2002] List I (Kinematic pairs) List II (Practical example) A. (d) 2 3 4 4 3 2 (b) (d) 4 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 Sliding pair.A road roller rolling overthe ground . Ball and socket joint 4.

Ball and socket joint .Spherical pair.

3 turningg pairs C. Match Li st-I with LList-II andd select thhe correct answer uusing the co des links and 44 turning pairs satisfyy the equatiion L (jj + 2). Of these sstatementss (a) 1 and 2are correct (b) 1 andd 3 are correect (c) 2 and 3 are correct (d) 1.. (c) When twoo elements or links aare connectted in suchh a way thhat their reelative mottion is constrainedd they formm a kinematiic pair. 3. Riggid frame 4. Inccomplete cconstraint A B C D IES-4. 4 turningg pairs B. A roundd bar in a rround holee form a tuurning pairr. Anns. (c) The pair has incompletee constraint.Meechannism eechannism S K Moondal s Chaptter 1 IES-2. (c) IES-4.. A round ba r A passess throughh the cylin drical holle in B ass shown inn the givven figuree. (b) The pair is completelyy constrainedd. incomppletely or su ccessfully coonstrained IES-3. Therelative mootion of a kinnematic p aiir maybe complet ely. 3 links. Anns. 2. A verticcal shaft inn a footstepp bearing fforms a suuccessful coonstraint. Consider the follow ing statemments [IES--2000] 1. It is case of comm plete given beloow the Listts: [IES--1999] List-I List-III A. 2 aand 3 are corrrect IES-3. (d) The pair is successfullyy [IES-11995] constrainedd. 5 turningg pairs D. Co mplete connstraint 2. A squarre bar in a square hoole forms a sliding paair. Anns. Su ccessful coonstraint 3. IES-2. (d)4 (a) 3(c) 3 1 1 4 2 2 . Which onne of the followingg statementts is correect in thiss regard? (a) The twwo links shoown form aa kinematic ppair. 4 links. Footsteep bearingg Code: AA B C DD1. 5 links..

Consider the follow ing statemments: [IES--2005] . 3 links andd 3 turning pairs form rrigid frame . Foot step bbearing resuults in successful constraint aand 5 links and 5 turniing pairs proovide incommplete con strraint. IES-5.4 (bb) (dd) 1 1 3 3 2 4 4 2 3 p= 2 constraint.

Consider the following statements: [IES-2006] 1. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-9. (a) IES-8. when the link opposite to the shortest link is fixed. 2. Slider-crank mechanism 4. Automotive clutch operating mechanism Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1. 3 and 4 (d) 1. Ans. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1. Ans. a double rocker mechanism results. 2. Which of the following are examples of forced closed kinematic pairs? 1. the resultant force must pass through the centre of gravity. (b) Lower pair IES-10. Lower pairs are more resistant than the higher pairs in a plane mechanism. 3 and 4 IES-7. (a) IES-7. Door closing mechanism [IES-2003] 3. 2 and 4 (b) 1 and 3 (c) 2. (a) IES-9 Assertion (A): When a link has pure translation. Ans. Ans. 2.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 1.Oldham's coupling mechanism has two prismatic pairs and two revolute pairs. . [IES-1994] Reason (R): The direction of the resultant force would be in the direction of acceleration of the body. Cam and roller mechanism 2. The degree of freedom for lower kinematic pairs is always equal to one. 2 and 3 (b) 1 only (c) 2 and 3 (d) 3 only IES-6. In a 4-bar mechanism (with 4 turning pairs). Assertion (A): Hydraulic fluid is one form a link. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-8. A ball-and-socket joint has 3 degrees of freedom and is a higher kinematic pair 3. [IES-1996] Reason (R): A link need not necessarily be a rigid body but it must be a resistant body.

Ans. Consider the following pairs of parts: [IES-2000] 1. Pair of gear in mesh 2. Belt and pulley .Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) Only 1 (b) Only 2 (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 IES-10. (c) Higher pair IES-11.

Cam and follower Among these. Ans.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 3. Cylinder and piston 4. a quaternary joint is equivalent to: [IES-2005] (a) One binary joint (b) Two binary joints (c) Three binary joints (d) Four binary joints IEA-13. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true [IES-1995] IES-12. The kinematic chain shown in the above figure is a (a) structure (b) mechanism with one degree of freedom (c) mechanism [IES-2000] with two degree of freedom (d) mechanism with more than . (d) IES-12. the higher pairs are (a) 1 and 4 (b) 2 and 4 (c) 1.1) binary joints. the joint is equivalent to (l . Assertion (A): The elements of higher pairs must be force closed. 2 and 3 (d) 1. IES-14. In a Kinematic chain. 2 and 4 IES-11. Reason (R): This is required in order to provide completely constrained motion. (a) Elements of higher pairs must be force closed to provide completely constrainedm otion. Kinematic chain IES-13. Ans. (c) when l number of links are joined at the same connection. Ans.

Which of the following are examples of a kinematic chain? [IES-1998] .two degrees of freedom IES-14. Ans. (b) IES-15.

2 and 3 (d) 1.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1. (d) 2 2 4 4 3 1 .f. BE and CD are binary links. Multi d. Vibration absorber C. 3 and 4 IES-15. 6 d. system 4. 2 d.o.f. A linkage is shown below in the figure in which links ABC and DEF are ternary Jinks whereas AF. The degrees of freedom of the linkage when link [IES-2002] ABC is fixed are (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 IES-16. Vibrating beam B. (a) Degrees of freedom IES-18. Ans.o. system 2.o. (d) IES-16. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [IES-2001] List-I List-II A.f. Ans. A rigid body in space D. 3 and 4 (b) 2 and 4 (c) 1. Pure rolling of a cylinder Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) 1 (c) 3 IES-18.o. system 3. system 1.f. 1 d. 2. Ans.

(b) (d) 1 3 4 4 2 2 3 1 .

(a) dom. j is the [IES-2003] (a) Number of mobile links (b) Number of links (c) Number of lower pairs (d) Length of the longest link IES-21. freedom freedom freedom freedom Two link system shown in the above figure has 2 degrees of free IES-20. Degree of freedom of planar mechanism Codes: A B C D (a) 3 4 2 1 (b) 1 (c) 1 4 2 3 (d) 3 IES-23.Cam and follower B. 4-bar mechanism D.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-19. shown in the given figure. In the Grubler's equation for planar mechanisms given.) Grubler criterion IES-21. (d) When supported on three points. is constrained to move with planar motion.2j. Ans. Ans. f = 3 (n . The two-link system. Ans. (c) IES-22. out of the 12 degrees of freedom the number of degrees of reedom arrested in a body is [IES-1993] (a) 3 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 6 IES-20. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. When supported on three points. Screw pair C. two rotational movements each along x axis and z-axis. following six degrees of freedom are arrested (two line movements along y-axis. Ans. (a) . It possesses (a) 2-degrees of (b) 3-degrees of (c) 4-degrees of (d) 6-degrees of [IES-1994] IES-19.1) .

Inversion of a mechanism is List-II 1. Grubler's rule 2. Single degree of freedom A B C D 2 4 3 2 4 1 [IES-1992] (a) (b) (b) (d) changing of a higher pair to lower pair obtained by fixing different links in a kinematic chain turning it upside down obtained by reversing the input and output motion .Grashof s law IES-24. Grashof's linkage 3. Pressure angle 4.

Ans. (c) IES-29.. Ans. Match List I (Kinematic inversions) with List II (Applications) and sele ct the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-2000] Code: A B C D A B C D (a) 1 (c) 2 IES-26. Scotch Yoke . (c) IES-28. Four bar chain 3. (c) 3 3 4 4 2 1 (b) (d) 2 1 4 4 3 3 1 2 Inversion of four bar chain IES-27. Oldham's coupling . 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 IES-27. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? Select the correct answer using the codes given below the pairs. Which one of the following conversions is used by a lawn-sprinkler which is a four bar mechanisms? [IES-2004] (a) Reciprocating motion to rotary motion (b) Reciprocating motion to oscillatory motion (c) Rotary motion to oscillatory motion (d) Oscillatory motion to rotary motion IES-28. Ans. [IES-1998] Mechanism Chain from which derived 1. Whitworth quick return motion . A four-bar chain has [IES-2000] .Double slider crank chain Codes: (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1. Ans.. (b) IES-26. Single slider crank chain 2.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-24.

(a) All turning pairs .

Reason (R): BCD acts as a lever. Ans. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A [IES-1997] (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-30. Assertion (A): The given line diagram of Watt's indicator mechanism is a type of crank and lever mechanism. At the instant shown. The length of AB is (a) 10cm (b) 20 cm (c) 30 cm (d) 50 cm. [IES-1994] IES-32. (d) IES-32. AB and CD are vertical and BC is horizontal AB is shorter than CD by 30 cm.3 l = 60 and l = 20cm l ) . IES-31. turning pair and the others are sliding pairs sliding pair and the others are turning pairs sliding pairs Ans. AB is rotating at 5 radius and CD is rotating at 2 rad/s. (a) IES-30. ABCD is a four-bar mechanism. The centre of gravity of the coupler link in a 4-bar mechanism would experience (a) No acceleration (b) only linear acceleration [IES-1996] (c) Only angular acceleration (d) both linear and angular accelerations. (b) 5 = 2(l + 30 . (a) IES-31. In the given figure.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 (b) One (c) One (d) All IES-29. Ans. Ans.

Ans. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-1997] .Inversion of Single Slider crank chain IES-33. it forms a mechanism of [IES-1999] (a) hand pump (sb) reciprocating engine (c) quick return (d) oscil1ating cylinder IES-33. (a) IES-34. when the slider is fixed. In a single slider four-bar linkage.

Ans. Ackerman steering D.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 List-I List-II A. (c) IES-36. Pendulum pump Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) 5 4 2 1 (b) 3 1 5 4 (c) 5 3 4 2 (d) 3 5 1 2 IES-36. Single slider crank chain 2. (d) Quick return motion mechanism . Double slider crank chain 3. Ans. Crossed slider crank chain 4.Elliptical trammel B. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [IES-1993] List II List II A. Oscillating cylinder engine C.Quadric cycle chain 1. Single slider crank chain 2. Which one of the following mechanisms represents an inversion of the single slider crank chain? [IES-2008] (a) Elliptical trammel (b) Oldham's coupling (c) Whitworth quick return mechanism (d) Pantograph mechanism IES-35.Rapson's slide B. Ans. Ackermann steering mechanism 4. (a) IES-35. Double slider crank chain mechanism D. Eccentric mechanism 5.Quadric cycle chain 1. Oldham coupling Codes:A B C D A B C D (a) 1 2 4 3 (b) 4 3 2 1 (c) 3 4 1 2 (d) 3 2 4 1 IES-34. Crossed slider crank chain 3. Rapsons slide C.

Exact straight line motion D. Whitworth mechanism 3. Quick return motion B. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer: [IES-2002] List I (Mechanism List II (Motion) A. Pantograph 2. Approximate straight line motion A B C D A B C D (a) 1 2 (c) 2 1 5 3 (b) 3 2 1 4 5 3 (d) 3 1 2 4 . Hart mechanism 1. Copying mechanism C. Simple harmonic motion 5. Scotch yoke 4.IES-37.

The crank and slotted lever quick-return motion mechanism is shown in figure. (d) IES-40. 20 cm and 5 cm respectively. Centreless grinding Codes:A B C D A B C D (a) 3 2 1 4 (b) 2 3 4 1 (c) 4 2 3 1 (d) 3 1 2 4 IES-39. The quick return ratio of the mechanism is (a) 3. Quick return mechanism C. (d) IES-39. Shaper (d) Regulating wheel 3. Shaper 4.0 [IES-2002] IES-38. Lathe (b) Apron mechanism 2. Ans. Milling machine (a) (c) Indexing mechanism 3. The length of links O1O2. (b) 2 . Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: List I A. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-2000] List-I List-II (a) Quick return mechanism 1.0 (b)2. Exact straight line motion bends and corners D. Ans. (b) IES-38. Compound train B. Ans.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-37. O1C and O2A are 10 cm.Approximate straight line motion Code: A B C D A (a) 1 (c) 3 IES-40.75 (c) 2. Ans.5 (d) 2.

Hart mechanism 2. Corioli s force 3. Watt mechanism B C D 2 1 4 4 3 2 IES-41. Transmission of motion around 4.4 3 1 4 2 (b) (d) 3 1 [IES-2000] List II 1. The type of quick return mechanism employed mostly in shaping machines is: [IES-1997] (a) DC reversible motor (b) Fast and loose pulleys .

(d) (b) circle (c) parabola (d) ellipse IES-47. Ans. Associated with the motion of the mechanism are fixed and can moving be centrodes. An elliptic trammel is shown in the given figure. Ans. CD = 400 and DA = 350.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 (c) Whitworth motion (d) Slotted link mechanism IES-42. (c) Inversion of Double slider crank chain IES-45 ABCD is a mechanism with link lengths AB = 200. (a) IES-44. Ans. It established analytically or graphically that the moving centrode is . Which mechanism produces intermittent rotary motion from continuous rotary motion? [IES-2008] (a) Whitworth mechanism (b) Scotch Yoke mechanism (c) Geneva mechanism (d) Elliptical trammel IES-44. it is necessary to determine the Corioli s component of acceleration in the case of [IES-1997] (a) crank and slotted lever quick return mechanism (b) slider-crank mechanism (c) four bar mechanism (d) pantograph IES-43. Ans. Which one of the following links should be fixed for the resulting mechanism to be a double crank mechanism? (All lengths are in mm) [IES-2004] (a) A B (b) BC (c) CD (d) DA IES-45. A point on a link connecting a double slider crank chain will trace a [IES-2000] (a) straight line IES-46. (c) IES-43. In order to draw the acceleration diagram. BC = 300. (a) Elliptical trammels IES-46. Ans.

a circle with the radius and centre respectively of [IES-1994] .

Scotch Yoke 3. two revolute pairs.Yoke IES-51. When two shafts are neither parallel nor intersecting. Ans. (d) Scotch yoke mechanism IES-49. (c) Double Slider Crank mechanism It has four binary links. power can be transmitted by using [IES-1998] (a) a pair of spur gears (b) a pair of helical gears (c) an Oldham's coupling (d) a pair of spiral gears IES-52.Fixed Link 2. 3 and 4 IES-51. Scotch Yoke mechanism 2. Ans. Its various typ es are: 1.Crank 3. 3 and 4 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 2. Oldham's Coupling 4. Elliptical Trammel Oldham s coupling IES-52. Its four binary links are: 1. two sliding pairs. Scotch yoke mechanism is used to generate [IES-1992] (a) Sine functions (b) Square roots (c) Logarithms (d) Inversions IES-50. (d) IES-53 Match List I (Coupling) with List II (Purpose) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [IES-2004] List I List II Muff coupling . Whitworth return motion 2.Sliding Block4.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 (a) l and 0 (b) l/2 and B (c) l/2 and C (d) l/2 and D IES-48. Ans. Which of the following are inversions of a double slider crank chain? [IES-1993] 1. Oldhams Coupling 3. (a) Scotch Yoke mechanism: Here the constant rotation of the crank produces harmonic translation of the yoke. Ans. Rotary engine Select correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1.

Flange coupling 2. Hook s joint some 4. (c) 4 2 3 1 2 4 (b) (d) 3 1 4 2 2 3 1 4 . To transmit power between two intersecting with shafts flexibility C. For flexible connection between two shafts with misalignment for transmitting power A B C D A B C D (a) 1 (c) 3 IES-53. Ans. For rigid connection between two aligned for power shafts flexibility D. Oldham's coupling 3.1. To transmit power between two parallel shafts B.

Where one of the shafts may 4. 3. (c) IES-56. Parallel shafts at a reasonable 2. The link shown hatched is the fixed link: [IES-2004] 1. Shafts with parallel misalignment 3. Worm and wheel . Universal joint D. The double slider-crank chain is shown below in the diagram in its three possible nversions. Rigid coupling C. With angular misalignment of 10° 2. In perfect alignment 1. Pin type flexible deflection undergo more coupling· with respect to the other A B C D A B C D (a) 2 1 3 4 (b) 4 3 1 2 (c) 2 3 1 4 (d) 4 1 3 2 IES-55.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-54. Ans. Parallel shafts with slight offset 1. (a) is for ellipse trammel and inversion (2) is for Oldham couplin is for ellipse trammel and inversion (3) is for Oldham couplin is for ellipse trammel and inversion (3) is for Oldham couplin is for ellipse trammel and inversion (2) is for Oldham couplin IES-55. Which one of the following statements is correct? (a) Inversion (1) g (b) Inversion (1) g (c) Inversion (2) g (d) Inversion (3) g IES-54. Ans. Oldham coupling B. Match List-I (Positioning of two shafts) with List-II (Possible connecti on) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-1997] List-I List-II A. Hooks joint B. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer: [IES-2002] List I (Connecting shaft) List II (Couplings) A. 2.

Joins non-collinear shafts and is adjustable. Intersecting shafts Code: A B C D A B C D (a) 4 3 2 1 (b) 4 3 1 2 (c) 3 4 1 2 (d) 3 4 2 1 IES-56. B. Perpendicular shafts 4.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 distance 3. In Oldham's coupling' the condition for maximum speed ratio is. Ans. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-59. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [IES-1995] List I (Name List II (Type) A. Ans. Assertion (A): Oldham coupling is used to transmit power between two parallel shafts which are slightly offset. 4. Friction couplingDisengages them during motion. Oldham coupling 1. (a) IES-59. C. Compensates peripheral shafts. Joins collinear shafts and engages and D. [IES-1992] w ww 1 w 1 . Flange coupling 2. Oldham coupling C. longitudinal and angular shifts of shafts Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 3 2 1 4 (c) 1 4 2 3 (d) 3 4 2 1 IES-58. Belt and pulley D. [IES-1994] Reason (R): There is no sliding member to reduce power in Oldham coupling. (d) IES-57. Joins collinear shafts and is of rigid type. (c) It is used for transmitting angular velocity between two parallel but eccentric shafts IES-60. Ans. Universal coupling 3.

111 1 ()a a ()b c = () cos sin a () d = W WW cos a W sin a IES-60. 1cos 2 . (c) . Ans.= 1 .sin 2 a For maximum speed ratio cos2 . cos a . . cos a 1 = .1 = 1 .

VB = 800 m/s. A and B located along the radius of a wheel. Two points. VA= 800 m/s. respectively. The instantaneous velocity of a point on the wheel lying at the mid-point of a radius (a) varies between 3 v/2 and .v/2 [IES-2000] (c) varies between 3 v/2 and . Ans. Ans. The distance between points A and B is 300 mm. Which one of the following statements is correct? [IES-2004] In a petrol engine mechanism the velocity of the piston is maximum when the crank is (a) at the dead centers (b) at right angles to the line of stroke (c) slightly less than 90° to line of stroke (d) slightly above 90° to line of strok e IES-61. as shown in the figure above. AB = 300 mm.v/2 (b) varies between v/2 and .Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 Velocity of a point on a link IES-61. (a) IES-62. have velocities of 80 and 140 m/s. (d) Angular velocity of both points A and B are same. OA + AB =OB VA VB or = OA OB or 80 x OB = 140 x OA = 140 × (OB-AB) 140 or OB = =700mm 60 . Ans. (b) IES-63.v/2 (d) does not vary and is equal to v IES-62. The radius of wheel is (a) 400 mm (b) 500 mm (c) 600 mm (d) 700 mm [IES-2003] IES-63. A wheel is rolling on a straight level track with a uniform velocity 'v'.

the velocity of piston becomes maximum when (a) Crank and connecting rod are in line with each other [IES-2003] (b) Crank is perpendicular to the line of stroke of the piston (c) Crank and connecting rod are mutually perpendicular (d) Crank is 120o with the line of stroke IES-65.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-64. In a slider-crank mechanism. (b) When the piston will be in the middle of the spoke length (c) (d) .: Which one of the following diagrams shows the velocity of slider x with respect to the crank angle? (b) [IES-2004] (a) IES-64. Ans. The crank of the mechanism shown in the side the diagram rotates at a uniform angular velocity . (b) IES-65.Ans.

The direction of the relative velocity of a point A with respect to a point B on a rotating link is perpendicular to AB. Ans. The magnitude of angular acceleration a of the disc is [IES-2003] (a) 50 rad/s2 (b) 100 rad/s2 (c) 25 rad/s2 (d) 20 rad/s2 IES-65.a = = = = 50 rad/sec I 0. The driving link DA is rotating uniformly at a speed of 100 r. The resultant acceleration of a point A with respect to a point B on a rotating link is perpendicular to AB.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 The above figure shows a circular disc of 1kg mass and 0.2 2 . Consider the following statements regarding motions in machines: [IES-2001] 1.p. Ans.02 IES-66.m. I = mr = ×1×(0. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a) 1 alone (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 2 (d) 3 alone IES-66.02 0. 2.2 5×0. Tangential acceleration is a function of angular velocity and the radial acceleration is a function of angular acceleration. 3. Consider a four-bar mechanism shown in the given figure.2 m radius undergoing unconstrained planar motion under the action of two forces as shown. (a) 1212 2 T= Ia Where.2) = 0. clockwise. The velocity of A will be (a) 300 cm/s (b) 314 cm/s (c) 325 cm/s (d) 400 cm/s [IES-1999] 2p×100 .2 kgm 22 T () 10-5 ×0. (d) IES-67.

(b) Velocity of A = .r =×30 = 314 cm/s 60 .IES-67. Ans.

.cos . dt ß..cos .cos .1d .= Cr 22 n -sin ... d cos ß= dt ndt dß.is small as compared to n . = . . dt . . . .. . sinß= n dß cos ....cos . .Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 sin .n .. 2 2 Since sin . .

00 rad/ sec (d) 2. The absolute tangential accelerations of the points R and S on the body are 150 mm/sec2 and 300 mm/ sec2 respectively in the directions shown.= Cr n . What is the [IES-2009] angular acceleration of the rigid body? 222 2 (a) 1. Ans.66 rad/ sec (b) 3.= =62.33 rad/ sec (c) 5.(crank )=3000 rev / min =50 rev / sec =314 rad / sec 314 . .it may be neglected.50 rad/ sec IEA-91..8 r ad / sec Cr max 5 IES-91.. The figure as shown below is a rigid body undergoing planar motion. (c) Angular acceleration of Rigid body 150 mm/s 2 +300 mm/s 2 = 90 mm 450 mm/s 2 ==5.00 rad / sec 2 90 mm Location of Instantaneous centres .

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-92. ABCD is a bar mechanism, in which AD is the fixed link, and link BC, is in the form of a circular disc with centre P. In which one of the following cases P will be the instantaneous centre of the disc? (a) If it lies on the perpendicular bisector of line BC (b) If it lies on the intersection of the perpendicular bisectors of BC & AD (c) If it lies on the intersection of the perpendicular bisectors of AB & CD (d) If it lies on the intersection of the extensions of AB and CD [IES-2004] IES-92 Ans. (d) IES-93. The instantaneous centre of rotation of a rigid thin disc rolling without slip on a plane rigid surface is located at [IES-1995, 2002] (a) the urface (c) the (d) the oint IES-93. centre of the disc (b) an infinite distance perpendicular to the plane s point of contact point on the circumference situated vertically opposite to the contact p Ans. (c)

IES-94. The relative acceleration of two points which are at variable distance apart on a moving link can be determined by using the [IES-2002] (a) three centers in line theorem (b) instantaneous centre of rotation method (C) Corioli s component of acceleration method (d) Klein's construction IES-94. Ans. (b) The relative acceleration of two variable points on a moving li nk can bedetermined by using the instantaneous centre of rotation method. IES-95. In the mechanism ABCD shown in the given figure, the fixed link is denoted as (1), Crank AB as (2), rocker BD as (3), Swivel trunnion at C as (4). The instantaneous centre I41 is at (a) the centre of swivel trunnion. (b) the intersection of line AB and a perpendicular to BD to (c) Infinity along AC (d) Infinity perpendicular to BD. [IES-1996] IES-95. Ans. (a)

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-96. The instantaneous centre of motion of a rigid-thin-disc-wheel rolling on plane rigid surface shown in the figure is located at the point. (a) A (b) B (c) C (d) D. [IES-1996] IES-96. Ans. (a) Number of Instantaneous centres in Mechanism and Kennedy Theorem IES-97. What is the number of instantaneous centres of rotation for a 6-link mechanism? [IES-2006] (a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 12 (d) 15 () () IES-97. Ans. (d) N= nn 1 = 6× 61 = 15 22 IES-98. The total number of instantaneous centers for a mechanism consisting of 'n' links is (a) n/2 (b) n (c) 1 2 n(d) ( 1) 2 nn[IES-1998] IES-98. Ans. (d)

4rad/ s 32 32 Coriolis component of Acceleration IES-101. When a slider moves with a velocity 'V' on a link rotating at an angula r speed of ., the Corioli's component of acceleration is given by [IES-1998] V. (a) 2V. (b) V. (c) (d) 2 V. 2 IES-101. Ans. (d) IES-102.

2 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 IES102-Ans. Assertion (A): The direction of Corioli s acceleration shown in the given figure is correct.. In which of the cases does the Corioli s component of acceleration exist? [IES-2003] Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 (c) 1. (a) IES-103.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 Three positions of the quick-return mechanism are shown above. Reason (R): The direction of Corioli s acceleration is such that it will rotate at a velocity v about its origin in the direction opposite to . (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-104. (a) [IES-2000] . Ans.

2. The sense of Coriolis component 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) 45° in the direction of rotation of the link containing the path [IES-1992] 45° in the direction opposite to the rotation of the link containing the path 90° in the direction of rotation of the link containing the path 180° in the direction opposite to the rotation of the link containing the path IES-107. velocity of slider 2. Consider the following statements: [IES-1993] Coriolis component of acceleration depends on 1. What is the direction of the Coriolis component of acceleration in a sl otted lever-crank mechanism? [IES 2007] (a) Along the sliding velocity vector . 3 and 4. angular acceleration of link Of these statements (a) 1 and 2 are correct (b) 1 and 3 are correct (c) 2 and 4 are correct (d) 1 and 4 are correct IES-106.V is the same as that of the relative velocity vector V rotated. (c) IES-108. Ans. of the slider A with respect to the coincident point B is shown in figures 1. 2. Directions shown by [IES-1995] figures (a) 2 and 4 are wrong (b) 1 and 2 are wrong (c) 1 and 3 are wrong (d) 2and 3 are wrong. angular velocity of the link 3.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-105 The directions of Coriolis component of acceleration. IES-105. (a) IES-107.V. (a) IES-106. Ans. acceleration of slider 4. Ans.

Ans. (d) .(b) Along the direction of the crank (c) Along a line rotated 900 from the sliding velocity vector in a direction opp osite tothe angular velocity of the slotted lever (d) Along a line rotated 900 from the sliding velocity vector in a direction sam e as that of the angular velocity of the slotted lever IES-108.

An s. (d) Linkk B experiennces Corioli s accelerati on relative to the fixed link.Mecchanism cchanism SS K Monndal s Chapterr 1 IEES-109 AAssertion (A): Linnk A exxperiences Corrioli s acccelerationn relative tto the fixxed link.32 m//s2 [IES-20055] IEES-111.8 m/s22 (c) 0.24 m/s2 (d) 0. Whatt is the mmagnitude of Coorioli s. the linnk 2 rootates at ann angular velocity oof 2 raad/s. Whhich of thee statemennts given abbove is/aree correct? (a)) 1 only (b) 2 onnly (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neitheer 1 nor 2 IEES-110. 2. An s. Corioli s aacceleratioon componnent in a sslotted barr mechani sm is alwaays peerpendicullar to the ddirection oof the slotteed bar. An s. the insstantaneouus centre oof rotationn of the inpp ut linnk and outtput link allways lies on a straigght line aloong the couupler. (a) Both A andd R are inddividually t rue and R i s the corrrect explannation of A (b) Both A andd R are inddividually t rue but R iss not 2006] the correct explanation of A (c)A is true buut R is falsee (d) A is false bbut R is truee IEES-109. Connsider the following statementts: [IES-20005] 1. In the figure given aboove. (a) . In a 4-linkk mechani sm. IEES-110. (c) [IESIEES111. annd the Bloock B sliddes in thhe slot of A. ac celerationn experiencced byy the link 44? (a) 0 (b) 0. RReason (R): Slotted linnk A is rottating wiith angullar veloci ty .

Which onne of the foollowing sets of acceelerations is involvedd in the mmotion of the ppiston insiide the ccylinder oof a unifoformly rottating cyllinder mechanis m? [IES--2000] (a) Corioli ss and radiall acceleratioon (b) Radiall and tangenntial accelerration (c) Corioli ss and gyrosccopic accelerration (d) Gyrroscopic aand tanggential acceleratioon IES-113. At a givven instannt.+d. in a plane at rright anglees to the papeer. IES-112. (see the figure) aand afterr a short intterval of time dt. and the axis of spinn has Chaptter 1 changed directionn by the amounnt d.. [IES-20008] In this situattion what iis the compponent of aacceleratioon parallell to OA? (a)) d.CD.VD/ A Pantoggraph IES-114. AAns. (c) IES-113../dt) (c) d.Meechanniseechannism S K Moondal s IES-112./dt (b) .. (a) VB2 Raddial acceler ation = BO Tanngential accceleration = (OB) aOB == 0 Corriolis acceleeration = 2 . it is spinning with angular vvelocity .. /dt (d) d./dd.(d. AAns. Match Lisst I with LList II andd select thhe correctt answer uusing the codes given beloow the list s [IES--1993] .. a disc is sspinning with angular vvelocity .

C. Goverrnor 11.Listt I List lll A. Feed-bacck control Dynammic Absorbber 33. Epicyclicc train Enginne Indicatoor 44. Two-masss oscillatoor . B. D. Pantograaph devicee Autommobile diffeerential 22.

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) 1 2 3 4 (b) 4 1 2 3 (c) 2 3 4 1 (d) 4 3 2 1 IES-114. Ans. (c) Simplex indicator is closely resembles to the pantograph copyi ng mechanism. Exact straight line motion mechanism Approximate straight line motion mechanism Steering gear mechanism IES-115. Assertion (A): The Ackermann steering gear is commonly used in all automobiles. [IES-1996] Reason (R): It has the correct inner turning angle for all positions. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-115. Ans. (c) IES-116. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists.(Notations have their usual meanings) : [IES-2001] List I List II Law of correct steering 1. f=3(n1)2 j -B. Displacement relation of Hook s joint C. Relation between kinematic pairs and . sin2 .. 2. xR.(1cos .)+ . = links 2n .. D. Displacement equation of 3. cot fcot =cb -./ reciprocating engine piston 4. tan .=tan fa cos

Codes:A B C D A B C D (a) 1 4 3 2 (b) 1 2 3 4 (c) 3 4 1 2 (d) 3 2 1 4 IES-116. Ans. (c) IES-117. A motor car has wheel base of 280 cm and the pivot distance of front st ub axles is 140 cm. When the outer wheel has turned through 30°, the angle of turn of the inner front wheel for correct steering will be [IES-2001] (a) 60° (b) cot -12.23 (c) cot -11.23 (d) 30o IES-117. Ans. (c) IES-118. Given . = angle through which the axis of the outer forward wheel turns f = angle through which the axis of the inner forward wheel turns a = distance between the pivots of front axle and b = wheel base. For correct steering, centre lines of the axes of four wheels of an automobile should meet at a common point. This condition will be satisfied if

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 ( ) cos . cos f a / b ( ) cot . cot f a / bc . cos = a / ( )tan . tan f b / a -= b -= ( ) cos +f bd -= a IES-118. Ans. (b) Hooke s Joint (Universal Joint) IES-119. In automobiles, Hook's joint is used between which of the following? [IES-2008] (a) Clutch and gear box (b) Gear box and differential (c) Differential and wheels (d) Flywheel and clutch IES-119. Ans. (b) The main application of the universal or Hooke s coupling is found in the transmission from the gear box to the differential or back axle of the automobil es. In such a case, we use two Hooke s coupling, one at each end of the propeller shaft, connecting the gear box at one end and the differential on the other end. IES-120. Which one of the following statements is not correct? [IES-2006] (a) Hooke's joint is used to connect two rotating co-planar, non-intersecting sh afts (b) Hooke's joint is used to connect two rotating co-planar, intersecting shafts (c) Oldham's coupling is used to connect two parallel rotating shafts (d) Hooke's joint is used in the steering mechanism for automobiles IES-120. Ans. (a)

IES-121. A Hook s Joint is used to connect two: [IES-2005] (a) Coplanar and non-parallel shafts (b) Non-coplanar and non-parallel shafts (c) Coplanar and parallel shafts (d) Non-coplanar and parallel shafts IES-121. Ans. (b) A Hooke's joint is used to connect two shafts, which are inter secting at a small angle. IES-122. The speed of driving shaft of a Hooke's joint of angle 19.5° (given sin 1 9.5o =0.33. cos 19.5° = 0.94) is 500 r.p.m. The maximum speed of the driven shaft is nearly [IES-2001] (a) 168 r.p.m. (b) 444 r.p.m. (c) 471 r.p.m. (d) 531 r.p.m. IES-122. Ans. (d) IES-123. Match List I (Applications) with List II (Joints) and select the correc t answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-2000] List I List II A. Roof girder 1. Hook's joint B. Cylinder head of an IC engine 2. Screwed joint C. Piston rod and cross head 3. Cotter joint D. Solid shaft and a plate 4. Welded joint 5. Riveted joint Code: A B C D A B C D (a) 5 3 1 4 (b) 4 2 3 1 (c) 5 2 3 4 (d) 4 3 1 5 IES-123. Ans. (c)

Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IES-124. Which one of the following figures representing Hooke's jointed incline d shaft system will result in a velocity ratio of unity? [IES-1998] IES-124. Ans. (a) Previous 20-Years IAS Questions Kinematic pair IAS-1. Consider the following statements [IAS 1994] 1. 2. 3. Of A round bar in a round hole form a turning pair. A square bar in a square hole forms a sliding pair. A vertical shaft in a footstep bearing forms a successful constraint. these statements

(a) 1 and 2 are correct (b) 1 and 3 are correct (c) 2 and 3 are correct (d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct IAS-1. Ans. (c) IAS-2. The connection between the piston and cylinder in a reciprocating engine corresponding to [IAS 1994] (a) completely constrained kinematic pair (b) incompletely constrained kinematic pair (c) successfully constrained kinematic pair (d) single link IAS-2. Ans. (c) IAS-3. Which one of the following "Kinematic pairs" has 3 degrees of freedom between the pairing elements? [IAS-2002]

Meechannism eechannism S K Moondal s Chaptter 1 IAS-3. Anns. (d) (a) has onlyy one DOF ii.e. rotationnal (b has onlyy one DOF i..e. translatiional about z-axis (c has only two DOF i..e. rotation and translaation Higher pair IAS-4. Which of tthe followiing is a higgher pair? (a) Belt andd pulley (b) Turniing pair (c) Screw pair (d) Sliding pair IAS-4. Anns. (c) IAS-5. Assertion (A): A camm and follo wer is an eexample off a higher pair. [IAS 1994] Reason (RR): The twwo elemennts have ssurface coontact wheen the rellative motion taakes place. (a) Both Aand R are i ndividuallyy true and RR is the correect explanattion of A (b) Both A and R are i ndividuallyy true but R is not the ccorrect explaanation of AA (c) A is tru e but R is faalse (d) A is falsse but R is ttrue IAS-5. Anns. (c) Kinemmatic chhain IAS-6. The given figure shhows a / ann (a) locked cchain (b) constraained kinemmatic chain (c) unconsttrained kineematic chainn (d) mechannism [IAAS-2000] IAS-5. Anns. (c) Here l=5,and j=5 condition-11, l=2 p-4 or 525 -= .. LHS <. HS =× 46 ie .. RH. 33 condition-22, j=l-22 or 5 =×55 -=5.5 iee LHS

..e.H.S < R. relative mmotion is noot completelly constrainned. LL. 22 It is not a kinemattic chain. . In a four--link kinemmatic chaiin...S. such a type off chain is called unconstrai ned chain i. IAS-6..<RRHS 4 .H. the relaation betwween the nnumber oflinks (L) and nuumber of ppairs (j) is [IAS--2000] (a) L=2j+4 (b) L=2j--4 (c) L =4j+ 2 (d) L =4j-2 .

[IAS-2002] Reason (R): Both the kinematic mechanisms have equal number of links and revolute joints. Ans. Assertion (A): The mechanical system shown in the above figure is an example of a 'two degrees of freedom' system undergoing vibrations. Kinematic inversion is obtained different mechanisms by fixing different links in a kinematic chain. which one of the following is the possible combination? [IAS-2007] (a) Four binary links and two ternary links .Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IAS-6. but different fixed links. (b) Here notation of number of pairs (j) [our notation is p] IAS-7. Reason (R): The system consists of two distinct moving elements in the form of a pulley undergoing rotary oscillations and a mass undergoing linear (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually truebut R is not the correct explanation ofA [ IAS-2002] (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-8. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-7. (d) Grubler criterion IAS-9. Ans. Ans. Here they change kinematic chain also. (d) A is false. 1 and Fig. Degrees of freedom IAS-8. For one degree of freedom planar mechanism having 6 links. Assertion (A): The kinematic mechanisms shown in Fig. 2 above are the kinematic inversion of the same kinematic chain.

(a) In a kinematic inversion relative motion does not change but abs olute motion change drastically. IAS-12. For L number of links in a mechanism. Ans. the number of possible inversions is equal to [IAS-1996] (a) L . Reason (R): Quick return mechanism is derived from single slider crank chain by fixing the ram of a shaper with the slotted lever through a link. [IAS-1997] (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-12.Ans.2 (b) L (d) L + 1 1 (c) L . (c) IAS-13.(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-11. Assertion (A): An inversion is obtained by fixing in turn different links in a kinematic chain.

Ans. The mechanism shown in the given figure represents (a) Hart's mechanism (b) Toggle mechanism (c) Watts s mechanism (d) Beam Engine mechanism [IAS-1995] IAS-16.3 l = 60 and l = 20cm () . Ans. IAS-16. OC = 7 cm) is a (a) Double crank mechanism (b) Double rocker mechanism (c) Crank rocker mechanism (d) Single slider mechanism [IAS-2004] IAS-14. will trace same pat h as point 3. In the four bar mechanism shown in the given figure. Ans. (c) IAS-15. link 2 and 4 have equal length. ellipse. (c) Inversion of four bar chain IAS-14. Ans. AB = 5cm BC = 6 cm.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IAS-13.e. The point P on the coupler 3 will generate a/an (a) ellipse (b) parabola (c) approximately straight line (d) circle [IAS-1995] IAS-15. The four bar mechanism shown in the figure (Given: OA =3 cm. i. (a) Point P being rigidly connected to point 3. (d) 5l = 2 l + 30 .

Scotch yoke mechanism .Pantograph 1. Match List-I with List -II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the List [IAS-1997] List I List-II A.Inversion of Single Slider crank chain IAS-17.

Single slider C. In a shaping operation. Hand pump Codes: A B C D A crank chain 2. Quick Return Mechanism Which of the above are inversions of Slider-crank mechanism? (a) 1. the average cutting speed is (Stroke length S. 2 and 3 (d) 1. (c) Time for forward stroke = Tf. Toggle mechanism 3. Radial cylinder engine mechanism 4. (b) Quick return motion mechanism IAS-18. Double crank mechanism B C D (a) 43 5 1 (b) 2 51 3 (c) 21 5 3 (d) 4 52 1 IAS-17. 3 and 4 (c) 1. Tchebicheff mechanism motion 4. Double lever mechanism crank chain 3. Ans. R = Tf 1 Tf . Straight line 5. Quick return ratio R) [IAS-2000] (a) NSR (b) NSR/2 (c) NS (1+ R) (d) NS (1 +R)/2 Tr IAS-19. Ans. 3 and 4 IAS-18. Double slider D. 2 and 4 (b) 2. Number of strokes per minute N. Ans. Consider the following mechanisms: [IAS-2002] 1. Oscillating cylinder engine mechanism 2.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 B. Time for return stroke = Tr. (d) IAS-19. () × Timeforonlyonecuttingstroke T = N (T + Tr ) f S (Tf .

Feed motion in shaper B. Rack and pinion 4. Ans. Indexing of turret D. Quick return motion in shaper Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) 3 1 2 4 (b) 1 3 2 4 (c) 1 3 4 2 (d) 3 1 4 2 IAS-20.+Tr ) . Feed motion in drilling machine C. A standard gear has outside diameter of 96mm and module 3 mm. The number of teeth on the gear is [IAS-1997] (a) 32 (b) 30 (c) 16 (d) 15 IAS-22.Averagecutting speed == SN = SN (1 + R) T Tf IAS-20. Whitworth 3. (d) IAS-21. (a) T = 96 = 32 3 . Ans. Geneva gearing 1. Match List-I (Mechanism) with List-II (Associated function) and select t he correct answer using the codes given below the List: [IAS-1997] List-l List-II A. Rachet and Pawl 2.

crank mechanism traces a [IAS-1995] (a) straight line path (b) hyperbolic path (c) parabolic path (d) elliptical pat h IAS-27. Ans. It two parallel shafts are to be connected and the distance between the axes of shafts is small and variable. (c) . then one would need to use [IAS-1998] (a) a clutch (b) a universal joint (c) an Oldham's coupling (d) a knuckle joint IAS-28. Ans. (d) Oldham s coupling IAS-28.

Oldham's coupling is the inversion of [IAS-1996] (a) four bar mechanism (b) crank and lever mechanism (c) single slider crank mechanism (d) double slider crank mechanism IAS-29. then the linear velocity 'Vc of point 'c' will be (a) 1. (d) Instantaneous centre method gives VBVC VB 0. Ans.5 m/s (c) 0. If the linear velocity 'VB' of the point 'B' is 0.2 m/s IAS-30.4 m/s [IAS-1999] (d) 0. How many nstantaneous centers of rotation are there for the mechanism shown in the figure given above? (a) 6 (b) 10 (c) 15 (d) 21 [IAS-2007] nn(1) IAS-31.5 m/s.1 =0. A four-bar mechani8m ABCD is shown in the given figure.2m / s EB EC EB 0.25 Number of Instantaneous centres in Mechanism and Kennedy Theorem IAS-31. Ans. (c) Kennedy theorem says number of instantaneous centre (N) = 2 661 ×- .5 = or V C =×EC =×0.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 IAS-29. (d) Velocity of a point on a link IAS-30.25 m/s (b) 0. Ans.

() or =15 2 IAS-32. What is the number of instantaneous centers for an eight link mechanism? (a) 15 (b) 28 (c) 30 (d)8 IAS-2004] .

Ans.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 nn87 ( 1)× IAS-33. Corioli s component of acceleration is a component of translatory acceleration. 2 IAS-34. Ans.V) . 2. The number of instantaneous centers would be (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 6 (d)12 [IAS-1998] ( -) IAS-33. The given figure shows a slider crank mechanism in which link 1is fixed. Therefore translatory acceleration (at = 2. Count it. (a) Its unit is m/s2. It does exist at infinity distance. If the relative motion between two links of a mechanism is pure sliding. then the relative instantaneous centre for these. Ans. . Kennedy theorem says number of instantaneous centre (N) = nn(-1) . (c) N= 44 1 = 6 2 Force acting in a mechanism Acceleration of a link in a mechanism IAS-34. Consider the following statements: [IAS-2007] 1. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 IAS-34. (b) == 28 22 IAS-33.two links does not exist.

2. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a) 1. the length of the link CD is (a) 2 cm(b) 10 cm(c) 20 cm (d) 100 cm [IAS-2002] .Consider the following statements: Corioli s acceleration component appears in the acceleration analysis of the following planar mechanisms: [IAS-2003] 1. Whitworth quick-return mechanism. 2 and 3 IAS-34. Ans. If the radial acceleration of the point C is 5 cm/s2. Slider-crank mechanism. Scotch-Yoke mechanism. The above figure shows a four bar mechanism. (d) (b) 1and 2 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 only IAS-34.

A slider sliding at 10 cm/s on a link which is rotating at 60 r. Ans. A body in motion will be subjected to Corioli's acceleration when that body is [IAS 1994] (a) in plane rotation with variable velocity (b) in plane translation with variable velocity (c) in plane motion which is a resultant of plane translation and rotation (d) restrained to rotate while sliding over another body IAS-36. is subjected to Corioli s acceleration of magnitude [IAS-2002] 222 22 (a) 40pcm / s (b) 0.m. Ans.Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 rV 2 102 IAS-34. (d) IAS-37.4pcm / s (c) 40pcm / s (d) 4pcm / s 2pN 2p×60 IAS-35.V =×2 × =× V 2 ×10 =40 pcm/s 2 60 60 IAS-36. Match List I (Mechanism) with List II [IAS-2002] (Name) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: .p. (c) Coriolis acceleration = 2. (c)Radial component of acceleration () = or 5 = orCD =20cm a CD CD IAS-35. Ans.

(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A . (b & d) Exact straight line motion mechanisms made up of turning pa irs arePeaucellier s mechanism and Hart s mechanism. Pantograph 3. Hart s mechanism consists of six links and Peaucellier s mechanism consists of eight links. Ans. Exact straight line motion mechanism Codes: A B C D A (a) 3 1 2 4 (b) 2 (c) 3 4 2 1 (d) 2 List II (Name) 1. Mechanism used to reproduce a diagram to an enlarged or reduced scale B. Which one of the following is an exact straight line mechanism using lower Assertion (A): Davis steering gear is preferred to Ackermann type in automobile pairs? (a) Watt's mechanism (c) Robert's mechanism IAS-38.Hart's mechanism 2. Exact straight line motion mechanism IAS-38. (d) (b) Grasshopper mechanism (d) Paucellier s mechanism [IAS-2003] Steering gear mechanism IAS-38. Grasshopper mechanism 4. Approximate straight line motion consisting of one sliding pair D. [IAS-2001] Reason (R): Davis steering gear consists of sliding pairs as well as turning pai rs. applications. Peaucellier's mechanism B C D 1 3 4 4 3 1 IAS-37.List I (Mechanism) A. Ans. A straight line mechanism made up of turning pairs C.

(d) Ackermann steerig gear is preferred to Devis as it consists of turning pairs. .Mechanism S K Mondal s Chapter 1 (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-38. Ans.

.

For a spring-loaded roller-follower driven with a disc cam. The velocity diagram represents everywhere the slope of the displacement diagram. Ans. (b) The pressure angle should be smaller during rise than that during return for ease of transmitting motion. (c) For uniform acceleration and retardation. Pressure angle GATE-2.. The normal to the cam profile at . (c) Pitch point GATE-3. [GATE-2001] (a) The pressure angle should be larger during rise than that during return for ease of transmitting motion. The profile of a cam in a particular zone is given by x = 3cos.=p/4 is at an angle (with respect to x axis) [GATE-1998] . the velocity of the follower must chan geat a constant rate and hence the velocity diagram of the follower consists of sloping straight lines. CAM Previous 20-Years GATE Questions Classification of follower GATE-1.CAM S K Mondal s Chapter 2 2. the follower has a constant acceleration in the case of [GATE-1993] (a) Cycloidal motion (b) Simple harmonic motion (c) Parabolic motion (d) 3-4-5 polynomial motion GATE-1. GATE-2. In a plate cam mechanism with reciprocating roller follower. Hence the displacement diagram consists of double parabola. the later must be a curve whose slope changes at a constan t rate. (c) The pressure angle should be large during rise as well as during return for ease of transmitting motion. Ans. (d) The pressure angle does not affect the ease of transmitting motion. and y =sin.

2 . dy 2x +6y =0 dx dyx 1 . .. To find Slope at required point .differentiating we get . Ans. 231.=1 Equation of curve is 2 x y2 +=1 3 or x2 +3y 2 =3 . sin 2 . .+cos 2 .CAM S K Mondal s Chapter 2 pp p ()a ()() () bc d 0 42 3 GATE-3. . (c) Explanation. .

10p 60 During this time.= = p=10p 60 60 p p ×30 o180 61 Time taken to move 30 = == sec .20m/s (c) 1. the first 30o with a constant acceleration and then with a deceleration of the same magnitude. . In a cam-follower mechanism. follower moves by distance 20 mm with initial velocityU = 0 ve. Acceleration and Jerk (Follower moves in uniform velocity) GATE-4.= dx 3 or . Displacement. the follower needs to rise through 20 mm during 60o of cam rotation.60m/s (b) 1. The initial and final speeds of the follower are zero. Velocity.or ==dx3y 3 -ve sign indicates that slope is dy 1 .68m/s (d) 2. (d) 2Np 2 300 Angular velocity . =2x +6y tan . The maximum speed of the follower is [GATE-2005] (a) 0. The cam rotates at a uniform speed of 300 rpm.=30o .40m/s GATE-4. Ans. Angle made by normal = 60o = p / 3 radians.

. 1 . .02 ×2 ×(60)2 = 144m / sec2 1 Vmax = U + at = 0 + 144 × = 2. a =0.02 = 0 + 1 a 2 ××.12 Now.40 m / sec 60 . 0. 2 . S = Ut + at 2 .60 .

. . .. total angle of the rise interval... . . p. In a cam design..p. ß is the 2 ß . (d) -3 sin . The jerk is given by [GATE-2008] h.p. ..... the rise motion is given by a simple harmonic motion h .. ... . ..p. p 2 h. (b) sin . ... . ... 1cos .. (SHM) s = .. p h . 2 ß ß 2 ß . (c) 2 cos . p. (a) . is camshaft angle.. 1cos . p 3 h .. where h is total rise.CAM S K Mondal s Chapter 2 GATE-5.

.. ..= . 2 ßß . h .. or S. . GATE-5. ..cos .Sin ..p..= .... ß. . h .... . Ans.. 1cos . . S= .....p. .... ß 2 ß ß 2 ß . . (d) h. p.ß 2 h ... . . p 2 or S...p.. . . . 2 . 2 ß .

.S. .. p 3 p 3 h .. .. ß. ß 3 ß 32 .... . ...sin . =.. 2 .p. sin ... . or Jerk= ()= . ...p. ß.

Flywheel Previous 20-Years GATE Questions GATE-1. but flywheel does control the mean speed of the engine if the load changes (c) Governor control a speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load. will be [GATE-2006] .1 -.20 (c) 0. butf lywheel does not control the mean speed of the engine if the load changes (b) Flywheel does not educe speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant loa d. and governor also controls the mean speed of the engine if the load changes GATE-1. /.(210) -(190). The inertia of the flywheel in kgm2 is [GATE-2007] (a) 0. l0. 400 =×. (a) We know that 22 change in kinetic energy = 1 l (. Flywheel S K Mondal s Chapter 3 3. During a cycle the change in kinetic energy is found to be 400 Nm. Ans. If Cf is the coefficient of speed fluctuation of a flywheel then the rat io of . (a) GATE-2.10 (b) 0. .2 ) 2 1 22 . bu tgovernor does not control the mean speed of the engine if the load change (d) Governor controls speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load.Flywheel S K Mondal s Chapter 3 3.. Ans.30 (d) 0.1kg =-m2 Coefficient of Fluctuation of speed GATE-3. Which of the following statement is correct? [GATE-2001] (a) Flywheel reduces speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load. 2 . 400 =400 l . The speed of an engine varies from 210 rad/s to 190 rad/s.40 GATE-2.

max min 12C 2C (a) f (b) f 12C +f 12C f + 12C + f 2Cf (c) (d) + 12C f 2Cf GATE-3. Ans. (c) .

-. or Mean speed of flywheel. (b) 2p×1200 Average speed .= (a) 600 (b) 900 (c) 968 (d) 2940 GATE-5. Ans. . = ×.Flywheel S K Mondal s Chapter 3 GATE-4.. 2 ( 12 ) .= =125. ×. What is the least possible mass of the flywheel if its diameter is not to exceed 1m? [GATE-2003] (a) 40 kg (b) 51 kg (c) 62 kg (d) 73 kg GATE-5. The fluctuation of kinetic energy per cycle is found to be 2 kJ. . is required for keeping the fluctuation of speed within 2% about the average speed. The mean speed of the flywheel is (in rpm) [GATE-1998] GATE-4.S =mR . 600 rpm . Ans. For a certain engine having an average speed of 1200 rpm. 21936 9.E = mR2. . a flywheel approximated as a solid disc. p . A fly wheel of moment of inertia 9.8 kgm2 fluctuates by 30 rpm for a fluctuation in energy of 1936 Joules.8 30 60 .66r / s 60 We knowthat El2 . .2. (a) Explanation.

C MR2 2 And . M = 22 R ×.S . × CS 2 ×2000 = =50.66 1 )2 ×(125. × CS 2 2E .02 2 =51 kg .66 ×0. .=E ×.=.

Governor .Governor S K Mondal s Chapter 4 4.

1 kg is to be used to balance the rotor. x = -9. IAS. Ans. r = x2 + y2 = 150.1. a balancing mass of 0.5(60 × 10-3 sin30o) ). The mass of the counterweight.2y . y = 150 mm . What is the radial position of the balancing mass? [GATE-2005] (a) 50 mm (b) 120 mm (c) 150 mm (d) 280mm GATE-2.2 = 0.2 × x × 10-3 . is [GATE-2008] GATE-1.5 or R = 300 kg Q 75× Balancing of a single rotating mass by a single mass rotating in a same plane GATE-2. Ans. GATE) Previous 20-Years GATE Questions GATE-1. (d) Taking Moment about 2.1. P and R are the centers of gravity of the cantilever part and the counterweight respectively.8076 mm Along y-axis. Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing Objective Questions (IES. A rotating disc of 1 m diameter has two eccentric masses of 0.32 mm . respectively.5 kg each at radii of 50 mm and 60 mm at angular positions of 0°and 150°.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 5. (c) Along x-axis. The mass of the cantilever part is 75 kg.2 = 0. A cantilever type gate hinged at Q is shown in the figure.5(-60 × 10-3 cos30o + 50 × 10-3). 0.0 = R× 0. 0. for static balance.

A balancing mass of 20 kg is attached as shown in Fig. (b) I1 = 10 ×(0.1 = 0. M + S F = 0 IES-1.2 )2 + 20 × 0. Ans. What is the condition for dynamic balancing of a shaft-rotor system? (a) . The percentage increase in mass moment of inertia as a result of this addition is (a) 25% (b) 50% (c) 100% (d) 200% [GATE-2004] GATE-3. (b). M = 0 and S F = 0 (b) . M = 0 [IES 2007] (c) S F = 0 (d) .2 )2 = 0.6kg m I I %Increase = 21 ×100 = 50% I1 Previous 20-Years IES Questions IES-1. (a) has a mass of 10 kg.4kgm 2 22 I2 = 10 ×(0. Assertion (A): A dynamically balanced system of multiple rotors on a shaf . A rigid body shown in the Fig.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 GATE-3.'. It rotates with a uniform angular velocity '. (a) IES-2. Ans.

. (c) A system in dynamic balance implies that the system is also statically balanced. (b) IES-3. Ans. Consider the following statements for completely balancing a single rotating mass: [IES-2002] 1. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-2. 2. Balancing of a single rotating mass by a single mass rotating in a same plane IES-4. IES3. Ans. Another rotating mass placed diametrically opposite in the same plane balances the unbalanced mass. A system in dynamic balance implies that [IES-1993] (a) the system is critically damped (b) there is no critical speed in the system (c) the system is also statically balanced (d) there will be absolutely no wear of bearings. Another rotating mass placed diametrically opposite in a parallel plane balances the unbalanced mass.t can rotate smoothly at the critical speeds of the system. [IES-2002] Reason (R): Dynamic balancing eliminates all the unbalanced forces and couples from the system.

) of the system should coincide with that of the rigi d body (d) Total moment of inertia about the axis through c. (c) IES-6. The rotor is (a) dynamically balanced (b) statically balanced (c) statically and dynamically balanced (d) not balanced. If a two-mass system is dynamically equivalent to a rigid body. Which of the above statements is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 1 and 2 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 3 IES-3. carries two masses as shown in the given figure. The axial distance . A rotor supported at A and B. Ans. Two masses placed in two different parallel planes balance the unbalanced mass.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 3. A system of masses rotating in different parallel planes is in dynamic balance if the resultant. Ans. (d) Balancing of a single rotating mass by two masses rotating in different planes IES-4. (d) IES-5. each with an eccentricity e. are placed on opposite sides of the axis in the same axial plane. IES-5.g. [IES-1996] (a) Force is equal to zero (b) Couple is equal to zero (c) Force and the resultant couple are both equal to zero (d)Force is numerically equal to the resultant couple. (b) IES-7. Ans. but neither of them needn ecessarily be zero. then the system will NOT satisfy the condition that the [IES-1999] (a) Sum of the two masses must be equal to that of the rigid body (b) Polar moment of inertia of the system should be equal to that of the rigid b ody (c) Centre of gravity (c. A statically-balanced system is shown in the given Figure. [IES-1995] IES-6. must be equal to that of therigid body IES-4.g. Two equal weights W. Ans.

between them is 'a'. The [IES-1997] total dynamic reactions at the supports will be .

2 Bg L .× e. e.e (c) . × g2 Wa R = e..e gL gLga IES-7. B .e (d) . (c) Moment about A L2 + 2 W2 ( -) W2 (L ) . Ans.L + a -(L a). g 2g2 + RB × L = 0 We.2 LR =.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 W 2 a 2W 2 aW 2 L (a)zero (b) .

(d) Balancing of several masses rotating in different planes IES-9. gL Balancing of several masses rotating in a same plane IES-8.W 2a RA = e. the primary and direct reverse cranks are as shown in the above figures. (d) Primary reverse crank speed 2. What is the number of nodes in a shaft carrying three rotors? [IES-2006] (a) Zero (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 IES-9. Ans. Ans. (b) IES-10. (W = Weight of reciprocating parts per cylinder) [IES 2007] For a three-cylinder radial engine. gL ( )+ R Total dynamic force magnitude = RA B 2W 2a = e. . Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched in this regard? 3W 2 (a) Primary direct force . IES-8. Which one of the following can completely balance several masses revolving in different planes on a shaft? [IES-2005] .r (b) Primary reverse force 2g Zero (c) Primary direct crank speed .

(a) A single mass in one of the planes of the revolving masses (b) A single mass in any one plane (c) Two masses in any two planes .

(c) IES-11. (c)28. the mass B2 is (a) 3 kg (b) 6 kg (c) 9 kg [IES-2000] (d) 27 kg 11. the . IES-10. Ans. Ans. dynamic balancing becomes necessary. Static balancing is satisfactory for low speed rotors but with increasing speeds. B2 and 9 kg are attached to a shaft in parallel planes as shown in the figure. If the shaft is rotating at 100 rpm. Masses B1. 2 and 3 IAS-1. Ans. (a) IES-12. The figures given on right show different schemes suggested to transmit continuous rotary motion from axis A to axis B. Which of these schemes are not dynamically balanced? (a) 1 and 3 (b) 2and3 [IAS-2004] (c) 1 and 2 (d) 1. Ans.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 (d) Two equal masses in any two planes. Ans. (c) Previous 20-Years IAS Questions IAS-1. (a) IAS-2. This is because. Which one of the following can completely balance several masses revolving in different planes on a shaft? [IES-1993] (a) A single mass in one of the planes of the revolving masses (b) A single mass in a different plane (c) Two masses in any two planes (d) Two equal masses in any two planes IES-12.

IAS-4. Which of the following conditions are to be satisfied by a two-mass system which is dynamically equivalent to a rigid body? [IAS-1997] 1. (c) Balancing of a single rotating mass by a single mass rotating in a same plane Balancing of a single rotating mass by two masses rotating in different planes IAS-3. Sum of the squares of radii of gyration of two masses about the c. 3. The total mass should be equal to that of the rigid body. of two masses must coincide with that of the rigid body. The centre of gravity should coincide with that of the rigid body. Total mass must be equal to that of the rigid body.g. 3. 2 and 3 (b) 1. 2 and 4 IAS-4. Consider the following necessary and sufficient conditions for replacing a rigid body by a dynamical equivalent system of two masses: [IAS-2002] 1. 3 and 4 (d) 1. The centre of gravity of the two masses should coinc ide with that ofthe rigid body. The total moment of inertia about an axis through the centre of gravity must be equal to that of the rigid body. Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1 and 3 IAS-3. must be equal to that of the rigid body. (d) A is false.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 (a) Unbalanced couples are caused only at higher speeds [IAS 1994] (b) Unbalanced forces are not dangerous at higher speeds (c) Effects of unbalances are proportional to the square of the speed (d) Effects of unbalances are directly proportional to the speed IAS-2. 2. The c.g. Ans. A rigid rotor consists of a system of two masses located as shown in the given figure. 4. (b) IAS-5. of the rigid body must be equal to square of its radius of gyration about the same point.g. 3 and 4 (c) 2. 2. Which of the above conditions are correct? (a) 1. Ans. The system is (a) statically balanced (b) dynamically balanced (c) statically unbalanced (d) both statically and dynamically unbalanced . Ans. The total moment of inertia of two masses about an axis through the c.

(a) As centre of masses lie on the axis of rotation.[IAS-2000] IAS-5. Ans. .

the mass required for its complete balancing is (a) 1. (b) An unbalance rigid rotor behaves as if several masses are there in different planes. Ans. Ans. (a) 10×1 and 2×5 are balanced each other Unbalance mass is 3 kg at 450 . Consider the following statements: [IAS-2003] Two rotors mounted on a single shaft can be considered to be equivalent to . The shaft-rotor system given above is (a) Statically balanced only (b) Dynamically balanced only (c) Both statically and dynamically balanced (d) Neither statically nor dynamically balanced [IAS-2007] IAS-8. Ans.Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 IAS-6. Balancing of a rigid rotor can be achieved by appropriately placing balancing weights in [IAS-1995] (a) a single plane (b) two planes (c) three planes (d) four planes IAS-7. IAS-8. For the rotor system shown in figure. Such a situation can be handled by fixing balancing weights in two plane s. (a) IAS-9.5 kg at 2 m radius and at 2250 from reference (b) 3 kg at 1m radius and at [IAS-2004] 450 from reference (c) 8 kg at 1 m radius and at 2250 from reference (d) 4 kg at 2 m radius and at 450 from reference IAS-6.Balanced system given in figure IAS-7.

2. The shaft diameters of the two systems are equal Which of these statements are correct? (a) 1. 1. 2 and 3 (b) 1and 2 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 3 .a geared shaft system having two rotors provided. 3. The kinetic energy of the equivalent system is equal to that of the original system. The strain energy of the equivalent system is equal to that of the original system.

Balancing of Rigid Rotors and field Balancing S K Mondal s Chapter 5 IAS-9. 12. but positioned exactly 1800 apart. To obtain complete dynamic balance. then the system will be balanced (a) statically (b) dynamically [IAS-1999] (c) statically as well as dynamically (d) neither statically nor dynamically IAS-10. Ans. (b) . The balancing weights are introduced in planes parallel to the plane of rotation of the disturbing mass. Ans. Ans. (a) Balancing of several masses rotating in a same plane Balancing of several masses rotating in different planes IAS-12. the minimum number of balancing weights to be introduced in different planes is [IAS-2001] (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4 IAS. Two rotors are mounted on a shaft. (b) IAS-10. If the unbalanced force due to one rotor is equal in magnitude to the unbalanced force due to the other rotor.

Reciprocating unbalance (c) Degree of freedom 3. Match 4 correct pairs between list I and List II for the questions List I List II (a) Collision of bodies 1. Stability [GATE-1994] GATE-46. . Ans.73 (d) 3 GATE-2. (f) 1 . Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines Objective Questions (IES. Consider the triangle formed by the connecting rod and the crank of an IC engine as the two sides of the triangle.732 r Primary unbalanced forces GATE-3. lo =tan75 =3. .732.=1 (PQ ) )( PR sinA 2 o Area will be max imum when A =90 i. Dynamics (d) Prony brake 4.e. the ratio of connecting rod length to crank radius is [GATE-1998] (a) 5 (b)4 (c) 3. r l =3. PQR is a rightangled traingle. GATE) Previous 20-Years GATE Questions GATE-1. (b) 5. Kinetics (b) Minimum potential energy 2. (e) 2. If the maximum area of this triangle occurs when the crank angle is 75°. Coefficient of restitution (e) Hammer blow 5. Ans. Ratio of connecting rot length to crank radius. (c) Explanation.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 6. IAS. (a) 4.

.

(c) Klein s Construction IES-2. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-1. What velocity does CD represent? (a) Velocity of the crank pin (b) Velocity of the piston (c) Velocity of the piston with respect to crank pin (d) Angular velocity of the connecting [IES-2003] rod . Ans. IES-3. Ans. Figure shows Klein's construction for slider-crank mechanism OCP drawn to full scale. Assertion (A): The supply of fuel is automatically regulated by governor according to the engine speed. The given figure shows the Klein's construction for acceleration of the slider-crank mechanism Which one of the following quadrilaterals represents the required acceleration diagram? (a) ORST (b) OPST (c) ORWT (d) ORPT IES-2. (d) is based on the acceleration diagram. Ans. (a) is a simplified version of instantaneous centre method [IES-1994] (b) utilizes a quadrilateral similar to the diagram of mechanism for reciprocati ngengine (c) enables determination of Corioli' s component. (b) IES-3. IES-4.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 Balancing of multi-cylinder engine Previous 20-Years IES Questions D-Alembert s Principle IES-1. [IES-2001] Reason (R): The automatic function is the application of d' Alembert's principle. The Klein's method of construction for reciprocating engine mechanism. (d) Klein's method of construction for reciprocating engine mechanis m is based onthe acceleration diagram.

[IES2001] .

for any angle . Klein's construction for determining the acceleration of piston P is shown in the given figure. Ans. IES-5. match List-I (Kinematic Variable) with List-II (Equation) and select the correct answer using the codes given below-the Lists: [IES-2003] List-I Kinematic Variable) A Velocity of piston B. of the crank.cos n . (b) acceleration is maximum and velocity is maximum.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 IES-4. crank rotating at an angular velocity . Angular velocity of connecting rod D. . (c) Velocity and Acceleration of the Piston IES-6.. When N coincides with K (a) acceleration of piston is zero and its velocity is zero. Angular acceleration of connecting rod List II (Equation) 1. For a slider-crank mechanism with radius of crank r. (c) Velocity of crank pin (Vc )= OC Velocity of piston (V ) = OD p Velocity of piston with respect to crank pin (V ) =CD pc IES-5. length of connecting rod I. obliquity ratio n. (c) acceleration is maximum and velocity is zero (d) acceleration is zero and [IES-1995] velocity is maximum. Ans. Acceleration of piston C.

sin 2 r n .+. ..4. . . 3. . 2 cos 2 r. . Ans.. .cos n .. .sin n . sin 2 .+.. . . Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) (c) IES-6. 2 . . (c) 4 4 2 2 3 1 1 3 (b) (d) 2 2 4 4 3 1 1 3 . . 2. ..

Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 IES-7. FT= = 400 N 0.1 Friction force = 400 sin 30 x 0.08 = 16 N IES-8. The above figure shows the schematic diagram of an IC engine producing a torque T = 40 N-m at the given instant. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: List-I (Corresponding Application) A.4 N (c) 4 N (d) 16.4 N [IES-2003] IES-7. Klein's construction B. (b) IES-9.5 kg and the crank radius is 0. If the mass of the piston is 0.1 m. In a slider-crank mechanism the maximum acceleration of slider is obtained when the crank is [IES-2001] (a) at the inner dead centre position (b) at the outer dead centre position (c) exactly midway position between the two dead centers (d) slightly in advance of the midway position between the two dead centers IES-8. Ans. Grubler's rule Code: A B C (a) (b) (c) (d) . Kennedy's theorem C. the Coulomb friction force occurring at the piston cylinder interface is (a) 16 N (b) 0. (a) 40 T=40 N-m. Ans.08. Alembert's principle D. The Coulomb friction coefficient between the cylinder and the piston is 0.

Instantaneous centres in linkages 2. (d) 4 2 4 2 1 3 3 1 2 4 2 4 Klein s construction Kennedy s theorem D Alembert s principle Grubler s rule D 3 1 1 3 . Ans. Relative acceleration of linkages 3. forces principle in linkages . Dynamic forces in linkages IES-2008] Relative acceleration of linkages . List-II (Principle/Method) 1. neous centers in linkages . Mobility of linkages . Mobility of linkages 4.IES-9.

rad/s. n a= =0[as n =1] c 3/2 22 . In a slider-bar mechanism.r (c) (d) zero r l0 IES-11.=900 .) IES-11.. If the crank rotates with a uniform velocity of . the angular acceleration of the connecting rod will be [IAS-1999] 2 22. Ans. (b) . (a) 2.cos.=45 r 22 sin () 1 . when the crank makes an angle of 450 with IDC. Ans. the crank and connecting rod of same length r meters are at right angles to each other at a given instant.PC = (n2 -sin2.. (d) Angular acceleration of connecting rod n ==1 and . when does the connecting rod have zero angular velocity? [IES 2007] (a) When crank angle = 0o (b) When crank angle = 900 (c) When crank angle = 450 (d) Never IES-10.PC=0 . In a reciprocating engine mechanism. . At.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 Angular velocity and acceleration of connecting rod IES-10.r (b) .

Inertia force of connecting rod C. 2. Ans. match List I with List II and select the correct answer List I List II A.(n -sin . FC 4. Primary force will remain unbalanced for some firing orders. With reference to the engine mechanism shown in the given figure. (c) IES-13. There are 8 possible firing orders for the engine. Piston side thrust Code: (a) (c) A 1 4 B 2 1 C 4 2 D 3 3 (b) (d) A 1 4 B 2 1 C 3 3 D 4 2 IES-12. FR 2. Inertia force of reciprocating mass B. FQ 1. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [IES-1996] . Consider the following statements for a 4-cylinder inline engine whose cranks are arranged at regular intervals of 90°: [IES-2005] 1. Fw 3.) Forces on the reciprocating parts of an engine IES-12. Crank effort D.

. (d) () rcos 2 . is given by IES-1999] 22 . Where. The primary disturbing force due to inertia of reciprocating parts of mass m at radius r moving with an angular velocity . (b) the secondary twice in one unbalanced force alo in magnitude anddire IES-15.2 1 cm. = Angular velocity o f crankshaft. cos . ) (c) () r2 cos . In case of partial balancing of single-cylinder reciprocating engine. (b) (1cmr. (c) IES-16. IES-15. (d) IES-14. what is the primary disturbing force along the line of stroke? [IES-2006] 2 22 (a) cmr.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 IES-13. Ans. = Crank angle. . Ans. c = Fraction of reciprocating mass to be balanced. 1cm. Ans. Which one of the following statements in the context of balancing in engines is correct? [IES-2004] (a) Magnitude of the primary unbalancing force is less than unbalancing force (b) The primary unbalancing force attains its maximum value revolution of the crank (c) The hammer blow in the locomotive engines occurs due to ng the line of stroke of the piston (d) The unbalanced force due to reciprocating masses varies ction IES-14. cos.

. . (b) . Reciprocating weights per cylinder are R1 and R2. and the corresponding angular disposition of the crank are a and ß. n.2 .. sin . IES-16. 2 .. 2. () . 2.. Ans. Ans. n. . (a) . (b) IES-17. A four-cylinder symmetrical inline engine is shown in the given figure. dmr Ans.. () bmr cos cm r sin .. Which one of the following equations should be satisfied for its primary force alance? [IES-1998] 1 (a) (b) sec 2 R a 2 ß a1 tana = a2 tanß cosa= ß sin22 ß (c) 11 a= -R a2 sin2 (d) a cos 1 a= R cos IES-17. () . ()am r .

2N 2 r . ×. . . If the ratio of the length of connecting rod to the crank radius increases.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 Secondary unbalanced forces IES-18. four-stroke I.050 = =1.2 × ×=133N . what is the approximate magnitude of the maximum 'secondary force' created by the engine? (a) 533 (b) 666 (c) 133 IES-19.. radius and is equal to mr . (b) Maximum Secondary force mw r . 2 N N [IES-2005] N (d) None of the above Ans.C.. . 60 .60 . A single cylinder.2p900 2 0.. IES-19. If the effective reciprocating mass of the engine is 1. (d) Secondary force only involves ratio of length of connecting rod and crank 2 cos 2 . engine rotating at 900 rpm has a crank length of 50 mm and a connecting rod length of 200 mm. value of secondary force will . n decrease. n . then [IES-1999] (a) Primary unbalanced forces will increase (b) Primary unbalanced forces will decrease (c) Secondary unbalanced forces will increase (d) Secondary unbalanced forces will decrease IES-18..l .If n increases. 0. 2 p. Ans.2× ×=1.2 .2 kg.

Such a resultant force can therefore readily b ebalanced out by an appropriate mass kept on the crank.r . Reason (R): The secondary direct and reverse cranks form a balanced system in the radial engines. Therefore it is possible to get complete balance of the primary forces. and directed along the first crank. Assertion (A): For a radial engine containing four or more cylinders. A four-cylinder in-line reciprocating engine is shown in the diagram giv en below. The cylinders are numbered 1 to 4 and the firing order is 1-4-2-3: [IES-2004] Which one of the following statements is correct? (a) Both primary and secondary forces are balanced (b) Only primary force is balanced (c) Only secondary force is balanced (d) Both primary and secondary forces are unbalanced IES-22.. . Thus this fixed ma gnitude force rotates along with the first crank. (a) The radial engine has resulted in a total resultant primary for ce of fixedmagnitude viz. Ans. [IES-2000] (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-23. Ans. (a) IES-23. IES-20. the secondary forces are in complete balance.

for f our. II and III (c) II and III (d) I and III IES-26. Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) I alone (b) I. (b) IES-27. (a) Previous 20-Years IAS Questions . Rate of change of engine speed III. Inertia governor . for four. six..Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 The inertia forces reveals that for even number of cylinders (n > 2) i. Four bar chain . IES-24. [IES-1999] Reason (R): Full balancing might lead to lifting the locomotive engine off the rails. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-28. Hammer blow Reciprocating unbalance. Ans. the reciprocating masses are only partially balanced. Assertion (A): In locomotive engines. (b) Swaying couple Hammer Blow IES-26. eight etc. (d) The inertia forces reveals that for > 2) i. are balanced are balanced even number of cylinders (n are also completely balance IES-25. When the primary direct crank of a reciprocating engine is positioned at 30° clockwise. Ans..Oscillating converter II. even number of cylinders is chosen so that [IES-1998] (a) uniform firing order is obtained (b) the couples (c) primary forces are balanced (d) secondary forces IES-24.. In a multi-cylinder in-line internal combustion engine. Ans. cylinders the secondary forces are also completely balanced out. the secondary reverse crank for balancing will be at (a) 30 ° anticlockwise (b) 60° anticlockwise [IES-1997] (c) 30° clockwise (d) 60° clockwise IES-25. cylinders the secondary forces d out.e.. eight etc. Ans. Which of the following pair(s) is/are correctly matched? [IES-1998] I.e. six.Oscillating .

. t. match List I (Expression) with List II (Feature / Principle) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [IAS-2003] List-I (Expression) (a) v = 6t2 . mass and acceleration respectively. If s. time. v. velocity.IAS-1. force. D' Alembert's principle 4.9t (b) v = 9t + 12 (c) s = 4t (d) F. Constant acceleration 2. Variable acceleration 3. m and a represent displacement.ma = 0 List-II (Feature/Principle) 1. Uniform motion Codes: A B C D A B CD (a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 4 3 2 1 .F.

2 = 90o 22 (n -sin . 2 =0 Or . 3 and 4 are correct (c) 1. In the figure given above. Consider the following statements: The Klein's construction for slider crank mechanism with crank rotating at constant angular velocity provides values of [IAS-1998] 1. 2. (a) IAS-3. 2. Piston velocity. Angular acceleration of the connecting rod. 2 and 4 are correct (d) 3 and 3 are correct IAS-3. Ans. Normal acceleration of crank pin Of these statements: 4. when is the absolute velocity of end B of the coupler equal to the absolute velocity of the end A of the coupler? (a) .2 ) . (a) When relative velocity VAB will be zero. (a) IAS-2.AB = AB. Ans. [IAS-2000] (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-2. . Ans. (a) 1 and 2 are correct (b) 1. (b) Velocity and Acceleration of the Piston IAS-4. Reason(R): d' Alembert's principle converts a dynamic problem into a static Problem. Ans. Piston acceleration.2 = 45o (c) . 3. .2 = 00 (d) Never IAS-2007] IAS-4. Or VAB = AB.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 (c) 2 3 4 1 (d) 4 1 2 3 IAS-1.cos. Assertion (A): d' Alembert's principle is known as the principle of dynam ic equilibrium.2 = 90o (b) .

the angular acceleration of the connecting rod will be [IAS-1999] 2 22. . (d) Angular acceleration of connecting rod n ==1 and .r (b) . (a) 2. when the crank makes an angle of 450 with IDC.r (c) (d) zero r l0 IAS-5. Ans. If the crank rotates with a uniform velocity of .) . In a reciprocating engine mechanism.=45 22 -. the crank and connecting rod of same length r meters are at right angles to each other at a given instant. rad/s.IAS-5. sin n -1 a= =0[as n =1] () r c 3/2 22 (n -sin .

S. (b) IAS-8. In reciprocating engines primary forces [IAS-1996] (a) are completely balanced (b) are partially balanced (c) are balanced by secondary forces (d) cannot be balanced IAS-7. Ans. F . FO Fr [IAS-1996] Which of the following expressions stand for crank effort? Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1 and 3 (b) 1. . slider crank mechanism is shown in the given figure. anticlockwise (c) . 2 and 3 (d) 2. (a) [IAS-1999] Secondary unbalanced forces . 3. Q. clockwise (d) . . The primary direct crank of a reciprocating engine is located at an angle . anticlockwise IAS-8. (d) Primary unbalanced forces IAS-7.. Ans. A.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 Forces on the reciprocating parts of an engine IAS-6. ans. M 4.sin( + ) 2. 2 and 4 (c) 1.sin .f + . 1. clockwise (b) 2. n .. 3 and 4 IAS-6. FS.sin 2 . T. clockwise. The secondary direct crank will be located at an angle (a) 2.

2. (b) . Secondary forces. Secondary couples Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1 and 4 (b) 2. Primary couples 3. Ans. 3 and 4 (c) 1 and 2 (d) 1. 4. secondary couples Of these statements: (a) 1. 2 and 4 are correct (c) 1 and 3 are correct (d) 2 and 4 are correct IAS-9. 3 and 4 are correct (b) 1. Primary forces. Ans. (d) Partial balancing Primary unbalanced forces IAS-11. primary forces 2. Ans. An in-line four-cylinder four-stroke engine is balanced in which of the following? [IAS-1997] 1. 2 and 4 IAS-10. Consider the following statements: [IAS-1998] An in-line four-cylinder four-stroke engine is completely balanced for 1. The method of direct and reverse cranks is used in engines for [IAS-2003] (a) the control of speed fluctuations (b) balancing of forces and couples (c) kinematic analysis (d) vibration analysis IAS-11. primary couples 4.IAS-9. secondary forces 3. (a) IAS-10.

perpendicular to the line of stroke (c) The secondary force (d) Both primary and secondary unbalanced forces [IAS-2007] IAS-13. Consider the following statements: [IAS-2001] The unbalanced force in a single-cylinder reciprocating engine is 1. Ans. (b) . Equal to gas force 3. along the line of stroke (b) Unbalanced portion of the primary force. (a) Swaying couple IAS-14. (a) Tractive force IAS-13. Equal to inertia force of the reciprocating masses 2. Always fully balanced Which of the statement(s) is/are correct? (a) 1 alone (b) 2 alone (c) 1 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 IAS-12.Balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines S K Mondal s Chapter 6 IAS-12. What causes a variation in the tractive effort of an engine? (a) Unbalanced portion of the primary force. Ans. Hammer blow [IAS-2002] (a) is the maximum horizontal unbalanced force caused by the mass provided tobal ance the reciprocating masses (b) is the maximum vertical unbalanced force caused by the mass added to balance the reciprocating masses (c) varies as the square root of the speed (d) varies inversely with the square of the speed IAS-15. Ans.

4. Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems Objective Questions (IES. The value of m is (a) 1 kg (b) 1. Amass m attached to a light spring oscillates with a period of 2 sec. 9 d1= 4 d2 . is in simple harmonic motion as it passes through its mean position. (b) d sec onds Period of oscillation = . Linear Vibration Analysis of S K Mondal s Chapter 7 7. GATE-2. A simple pendulum of length 5 m. the bob has a speed of 5 m/s. Ans. Ans. with a bob of mass 1 kg. (a) Force at mean position is zero. 4. GATE) Previous 20-Years GATE Questions GATE-1.99 cycle dd 1 = 2and 2 = 3 . the period increases by 1sec.5 N (c) 5 N (d) 25N GATE-1. IAS.99 d14 Hence = d29 Now mgk = d1 and (m + 2) gk = gk = d2 Where k is the stiffness of the spring.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 7.4kg [GATE-1994] GATE-2. The net force on the bob at the mean position is[GATE-2005] (a) zero (b) 2.99 4. .6 kg (c) 2 kg (d)2. If the mass is increased by 2 kg.

204 . nnn n GATE-3.or 9 mgk = 4 (m + 2) gk .408 . . (a) k g . (c)0.= neither mass nor stiffness depends on gravity. . (b)0. m = 1. (d)0. If you think about then d nm d as g changes d will also change by same factor. The natural frequency of a spring-mass system on earth is . Ans.167 .The natural n frequency of this system on the moon (g = g / 6) is [GATE-2010] moon earth (a) .6 kg GATE-3.

.... + ... = 0 . + (b) (... + + kx y) = . .. The naatural GATE-4. T frequenci Ans. Consider the systtem of twwo wagonss shown in Figuree.. y+ cx y (c) mx c(xxy) + kx .Linear Vibbration AAnalysiss of Mecchanicall Systemms bbration AAnalysiss of Mec chanicall Systemms S K Moondal s Chaptter 7 GATE-4. + . A GATE-5.y)( -) + kx= 0 mx. (c) The differe ies of this s ential equa system are ation gove e erning the vibrating system is [GATE[ GATE1999] -2006] (a) mx cx ( 0 .

GATE-6. AAns. (c) This is thee differentiaal equation ggoverning thhe above vibbrating systtem. TThe naturaal frequen cy of the s pring masss system s hown in thhe figu re iss closest to [GATE2008] (A) 8 Hz (B) 10 Hz (C) 12 Hz (D) 14 Hz GATE-6.(d) (y) + cx y) + kx y) = 00 mx. y( -( GATE-5.. (B) . AAns.

A uniform rigid rod of mass m = 1 kg and length L = 1 m is hinged at its centre and laterally supported at one end by a spring of constant k = 300 N/m.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 K1 + K2 d2 y m+ (K + K ) y = 0 Therefore .06 Hz 2p 1.4 GATE-7. Ans. The . The natural frequency ( .= 2pN = or N= 2 1 2 n dx m 1 4000 +1600 = 10.n in rad/s is [GATE-2008] (A) 10 (B) 20 (C) 30 (D) 40 GATE-7. (A) A uniform rigid rod of mass m = 1 kg and length L = 1 m is hinged at its centre & laterally supported at one end by a spring of spring constant k = 300N/m.

natural frequency . The natural the disc is given by [GATE-2003] . K1. respective shafts.n in rad/s is (a) 10 (b) 20 (c) 30 (d) 40 GATE-8. K2. Ans. Consider the arrangement shown in the combined polar mass moment of inertia K3 are the torsional stiffness of the frequency of torsional oscillation of (a) K + K + K 123 J (b) KK + KK + KK 12 23 31 JK + K ( 12 ) (c) () 1 2 3 1 2 2 3 3 1 KK K JK K K K K K ++ (d) KK + KK + KK 12 23 31 JK + K ( 23 ) GATE-9. (b) KK Equivalent stiffness = 12 + K3 K1 + K2 KK figure below where J is the of the disc and the shafts.

= 12 + K K1 + K2 3 Now natural frequency eqK J = KK + KK + KK 1213 23 = JK K ( 1 + 2 ) .

. a masss of 100 kkg is held between ttwo springgs. Natural 1 S 2 m 2 = = p + S2 = 20 + 2 = 40 kN/m = l frequency 1 40 100 2 100 × p 20 = 40. is 1510 20 b () ()a ()(cc)d 2ppp p [GATEE-2000] GATE-10. As show n in Figurre.000 N/ of vibration 00 20 10 = 2 = p p /m n of the syst 0 em. The naatural freqquency of vibration of the systtem. CC = 500 Nss/m and thee stiffness of the torssion .12 aare given bbelow. 11 . Data for QQ. Solvve the probblems and choose corrrect answwers. hinged at the left end is suspendedd with thee help of sspring andd damper aarrangemeent as showwn in the figuree where K == 2 kN/m. in cyccles/s.. Ans.Linear Vibbration AAnalysiss of Mecchanicall Systemms bbration AAnalysiss of Mec chanicall Systemms S K Moondal s Chaptter 7 GATE-10. A uniformm rigid sllender barr of mass 10 kg. (c) nf = S = S1+ = .

The un-ddamped n atural fre quency off oscillatioons of the bar abouut the hinge poinnt is [GATE--2003] (a) 42. GATE-11. Ignor e the hing e dimensioons. is 1 kN/m/ rad. (a) . Ans.43 raad/s (b) 330 rad/s (c) 17 ..32 rad/s (d) 14.114 rad/s GATE-11.al spring k.

55. . l =0 1 22 . .+ . l 00 . afteer equilibriuum x1 x2 Noow.= 12 . x1 =0...Cl2..5 .44.4 0...500 ×(0. 22 2 ..+(2000 ×((0..... . () ..Lineear Vibraation Annalysis oof Mech anical SSystemss eear Vibraation Annalysis oof Mech anical SSystemss SS K Monndal s Chapterr 7 Foor small defflection.= cx +kx l +k. .5)+10000)..+800.= = 0.0...4) .. annd x2 =0. .+0..833 . Mooment of intteria ml32 10 ×(0.833.+1500 .8333kg -m2 .+ .+kl2 ++k. .5) 2 = == 33 =0. .=0 ..

1 eqquation can bbe written aas: . tthe spring deflects byy d to posi tion A (thee equilibriuum poosition) whhen a masss m is keptt on it. l.=Tk1500 l 0...833 =0 3 =42.43rad / s GGATE-12.8333 = CTT = 80 KTT = 1500 Noow natural ffrequency n k. (c)Equiivalent dambing coeffic ient = CT = 80 Nms/radd GGATE-13. . Inn the figur e shown.=0 . Anns.+ kT.. Thee change inn potentiaal energy oof the spri ng . Durring free vvibration.... l0. Thhe dampinng coefficieent in the vvibration eequation iss given by[GA TE-20003] (a)) 500 Nms/rrad (b) 500 N/(m/s) (c) 80 Nmms/rad (d) 80 N/(mm/s) GGATE-12..+CT. tthe mass is s at poosition B aat some in stant.

The spring constants K1.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 mass system from position A to position B is [GATE-2001] 1212 1 212 a kx b kx -mgx c kx+ d d kx +mgx () () ()() () 222 2 GATE-13. Change in energy = mgl-mg (d + x) + 1 k x2-mgl + mgd.46 Hz GATE-14. We know. K2 and K3 are respectively 1 kN/m. Ans. A mass of 1 kg is suspended by means of 3 springs as shown in figure.44 Hz (c) 60.55 Hz (d) 77. (b) Explanation: Potential energy at A = mg (l . (b) 111 Explanation. =+ t KKK s12 11 . d 2 GATE-14.d) Total energy at B = mg [l (d + x)]+ 1 kx2 2 . Ans. 3kN/m and 2 kN/m. 2 1 = k x2-mgx.90 Hz (b) 52. The natural frequency of the system is approximately [GATE-1996] (a) 46.

44 Hz 2p 4 ×1 . f = =52.=+ = 4 kN / m 133 Combined stiffness =Ks +K3 3 =+2 4 = 11kN/ m 4 111 103 × .

2ml 2 ddt2. .= nl GATE-16. (d)Explanation: Net restoring torque when displaced by a small ang le . The assembly shown in the figure is composed of two mass less rods of length l with two particles. the natural frequency .. .= 0 d2.)l = 2 mgl cos asin.2 +2mgl cos a. (restorative) .= 0 dt But I = 2ml2 . Id22 +2mgl cos a. Ans. . t = mg cos (a-..t = 2mgl cos a. For very small .=0 dt l gcos a . sin.)l-mg (a+ . g cos a or 2 + . and is also resting on an elastic support of stiffness k1 as shown in the figure below. The natural frequency of this assembly for small oscillations is (a) g/l (b) 2/ cgl( osa) (c) gl/cosa () (d) (gcosa)/l [GATE-2001] GATE-15. Now. each of mass m.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-15. A cantilever beam of negligible weight is carrying a mass M at its free end. If k2 represents the bending stiffness of the beam.

F = 1 2p M where k = k1 +k2 f = 1 (k1 +k2 ) 2p M . (c) k Natural frequency.(rad/s) of the system is [GATE-1993] 12 2( + ) kk kk kk kk +12 1212 () a () b () c () d (1+ 2) Mkk M MM GATE-16. Ans.

Q.n 20 Transmissibility ratio (TR) = with natural frequencies 64. 1 test setups for conducting frequency 144 Hz is produced show the most perceptible . There are four samples P. 377 Now. (c) Rayleigh s method (accurate result) GATE-18. 28 and 256 Hz. (a) Damping factor GATE-19. Assuming a damping factor of 0. If a loud pure note of by some instrument. If the length of the cantilever beam is halved.=== . Ans. which of the samples will induced vibration? [GATE-2005] (a) P (b) Q (c) R (d) S GATE-18. r == 18. Machine has an unbalanced rotating force of 350 N at speed of 3600 rpm. 96. Rand S. They are mounted on vibration experiments.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 Effect of Inertia on the longitudinal and transverse vibration GATE-17. the value of transmissibility ratio is [GATE-2006] (a) 0.0531 (b) 0.15. Ans. (c) 2p×3600 . Ans.0028 GATE-19.0162 (d) 0.A machine of 250 kg mass is supported on springs of total stiffness 100 kN/m.85 . respectively.9922 (c) 0.= =377 rad/s 60 Natural frequency n k 100 1000 20rad / s m 250 ×. then natural frequency of the mass M at the end of this cantilever beam of negligible mass is increased by a factor of [GATE-2002] (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 8 GATE-17.

85 (2 0.+××-+×× TR =0. is [GATE-2000] (a) 60 (b) 75 (c)80 (d) 100 GATE-20.0162 GATE-20. The frequency of vibration of the damped system.15 18. m rad/s. Ans.85) +. The natural frequency of an undamped vibrating system is 100 rad/s A damper with a damping factor of 0.15 18.= () ()() ()) 2 2 22 2 2 2 1 2 r 1r 2 r 1 (2 0.-+.85) 1 18. (a) .8 is introduced into the system.

(a) 33 3 wl mgl 4mgl d= = 4 = 4 3EI aEa 3E 12 2 9 s gaE (0.< 1. If the lateral vibration of this system is critically damped using a viscous damper.025 )2 200 ×10 . 1 0. .-.n = . hence it is under damped vibration case. Ans.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 .25 Ns/m GATE-21. of 20 kg is attached to the free end of a steel cantilever beam of length 1000 mm having a cross-section of 25 x 25 mm. then damping constant of the damper is (a) 1250 Ns/m (b) 625 Ns/m (c) 312.d = 2 n1 .50 Ns/m (d) 156..64 =×100 =60 GATE-21. Frequency of the system. . A mass M. Assume the mass of the cantilever to be negligible and Esteel = 200 [GATE-2004] GPa.

= 0. In a spring-mass system.= 2km .s/m GATE-22.=.2 d n . What is the damping coefficient of the damper? [GATE-2005] (a) 1.0 N.71 s/m .9.s/m (b) 3. 2 GATE-22.7 N.1 kg and the stiffness of the sp ring is 1 kN/m. the frequency of oscillation is found to be 90% of the original value. dn We know that .s/m (d) 12.1 = 8.4 N.=0. Ans.× = 3 3 =31.=. 1 -. (c) Given ..436 c Now .436 ×1000 ×0.9 .s/m (c) 8.25Ns / m =1250Ns / m Therefore c .2 N. By introducing a damper. c = 2×0.25cycle / s = m d 2ml 220 ×1 c =2m n =× 20 ×31. 1 -. the mass is 0. 0.2 n n .

The value of m (in kg) is[ GATE-2010] .A mass m attached to a spring is subjected to a harmonic force as shown in figure. The amplitude of the forced motion is observed to be 50 mm.GATE-23.

..100 . ..2 .5 GATE-23. .. X=50 mm .2 .. K=3000. .=0 .=100.1 (b) 1.. .050 = . .3 (d) 0.1. n..n =? m=? D / FK X= Here.+ 2. n.. .2 . Ans.. .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 (a) 0... .2 . (a) FD =100. .2 ..1-. .0 (c) 0. . 100 / 3000 .

..2 . n. .. .n = m m=0.100 .6Ns / m .2. The value of critical damping of the system is [GATE-2006] (a) 0.223 Ns/m (b) 17.050 1 -.1-=0.6 Ns/m GATE-24. 30 . .n...66 ... Cc =2m × M =223.. K . ..= . 1 .n =173..88 Ns/m (c) 71. .100 . ... . n. Ans. .2 . (d) S For critical damping.1kg Magnification factor or Dynamic magnifier GATE-24.4 Ns/m (d) 223.

The value of logarithmic decrement is [GATE-2006] (a) 1.32 (c) 0. (d) 2p×C Logarithmic decrement.42 GATE-25.42 C2c -C2 .GATE-25.68 (d) 0. d = 0.35 (b) 1. Ans.

(a) Force at GATE-28. (c) Transmissibility ratio.+. ()2 22 1 1 4 31 0.. to a light spring oscillates with a period of 2 sec. The net force on the bob at the mean position is[GATE-2005] (a) Zero (b) 2.. (b) d sec onds . .. (d) 25N mean position is zero. Ans. GATE-27.....-..6 kg (c) 2 kg (d) 2.. A vibrating machine is isolated from the floor using springs. 2 n c 22 2 2 n c n 2c1 C 2c 1C .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-26.. with a bob of mass 1 kg. If c =0.. A mass m attached If the mass is increased by 2 kg.+-...4 kg [GATE-1994] GATE-28. the period increases by 1sec.... The value of m is (a) 1 kg (b) 1.. is in simple harmonic motion as it passes through its mean position.= .5 1 == -. A simple pendulum of length 5 m. then transmissibility of ratio of isolation is [GATE-2004] 1() 2 a ( ) b 3 4 4( ) 3 c ( ) 2 d GATE-26.5.2n . Ans..... the bob has a speed of 5 m/s. Ans... If the ra tio of excitation frequency of vibration of machine to the natural frequency of the isolation system is equal to 0..5 N (c) 5 N GATE-27..then .

99 cycle dd . m= 1.Period of oscillation = .6 kg GATE-29.408 . . [GATE-2010] nnn n GATE-29..99 4. 4. (d)0.10 The natural frequency of a spring-mass system on earth is . Ans. 9 d1= 4 d2 or 9mgk = 4(m + 2) gk . (c)0. 1 =2 and 2 =3 4.204 .99 d14 Hence = d29 Now mgk = d1 and (m + 2) gk = d2 where k is the stiffness of the spring.The n natural frequency of this system on the moon (g =g / 6) is moon earth (a) .167 . (a) . (b)0.

. 2m GATE-30. GATE-30. cx (b) (. -y) + ( -y) +kx =0 (c) mx. Consider the system of two wagons shown in Figure. +cx + ( -y) =0 kx mx ...Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 kg . m ()k 2k b . (c) GATE-31. cx . Ans.) +kx =0 cx (d) ( -y) + ( -y) + ( -y) =0 mx. m2m ()kd0. The natural frequencies of this system are [GATE-1999] ()2ka0.. .. The differential equation governing the vibrating system is [GATE-2006] (a) mx. kx . If you think about nm d then das g changes d will also change by same factor.= neither mass nor stiffness depends on gravity. m m ()k k c .... + ( -y.

.dx dy . Ans. The natural frequency of the spring mass system shown in the figure is closest to [GATE-2008] (A) 8 Hz (B) 10 Hz (C) 12 Hz (D) 14 Hz GATE-32. Ans. This is the differential equation governing the above vibrating system.. GATE-32. dt2 . m +c =+kx =0 . (B) .GATE-31. (c) 2 dx .dt dt .

K1.06 Hz 2p 1. K2.4 GATE-33. Consider the arrangement shown in the figure below where J is the combined polar mass moment of inertia of the disc and the shafts.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 K1 + K2 d2 y m+ (K + K ) y = 0 Therefore . K3 are the torsional stiffness of the respective shafts. The natural frequency of torsional oscillation of the disc is given by [GATE-2003] (a) K + K + K 123 J .= 2pN = or N= 2 12 n dx m 1 4000 +1600 = 10.

(b) KK Equivalent stiffnes = 12 + K3 K1 + K2 KK = 12 + K3 K1 + K2 Now natural frequency eqK J = KK + KK + KK 1213 23 = .(b) KK + KK + KK 12 23 31 JK + K ( 12 ) (c) () 1 2 3 1 2 2 3 3 1 KK K JK K K K K K ++ (d) KK + KK + KK 12 23 31 JK + K ( 23 ) GATE-33. Ans.

is 1510 20 ()a () c () b () d 2ppp p [GATE-2000] GATE-34.JK + K ( 12 ) GATE-34. As shown in Figure. The natural frequency of vibration of the system. Ans. in cycles/s. a mass of 100 kg is held between two springs. (c) .

GATE-35. hinged at the left end is suspended with the help of spring and damper arrangement as shown in the figure where K = 2 kN/m.32 rad/s (d) 14. after equilibrium . A uniform rigid slender bar of mass 10 kg. The un-damped natural frequency of oscillations of the bar about the hinge point is [GATE-2003] (a) 42.000 N/m .36 are given below.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 S = S1+ S2 = 20 + 20 = 40 kN/m = 40. Ignore the hinge dimensions. C = 500 Ns/m and the stiffness of the torsional spring k. Ans. is 1 kN/m/rad. (a) For small deflection. Solve the problems and choose correct answe rs.43 rad/s (b) 30 rad/s (c) 17. n 1 S 1 40 1000 20 10f 2 m 2 100 2 × = = = = p p p p Data for Q. Natural frequency of vibration of the system. 35 .14 rad/s GATE-35.

.= x1 = x2 0. ..5)2 +1000) .4.500 ×(0.5) 2 == 33 =0.= 0 .833.+ 0... 2 .4) .+ (2000 ×(0. l ..+ kl +k... and x2 =0..0..= 0 1 22 .+ . . cx +kx l +k.5. . from Newton s law of motion .+ .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 Now.5 . l . () .+ 80.833kg -m2 Now.= 0 12 .4 0.833. Moment of interia ml32 10 ×(0.. . 2 2 .+ 1500. 1 .Cl . x1 =0.

equation can be written as: .

During free vibration. Change in energy = mgl-mg (d + x) + 1 k x2-mgl + mgd. The damping coefficient in the vibration equation is given by [GATE-200 3] (a) 500 Nms/rad (b) 500 N/(m/s) (c) 80 Nms/rad (d) 80 N/(m/s) GATE-36. .d) Total energy at B = mg [l (d + x)]+ 1 kx2 2 .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 . (b) Explanation: Potential energy at A = mg (l .833 CT = 80 KT = 1500 Now natural frequency T n k 1500 l 0. Ans. the mass is at position B at some instant. The change in potential energy of the springmass system from position A to position B is [GATE-2001] 1212 1 212 a kx b kx -mgx c kx+ d d kx +mgx () () ()() () 222 2 GATE-37. 2 .+kT. the spring deflects by d to position A (the equilibrium position) when a mass m is kept on it..43rad / s GATE-36.=0 . l. l =0. Ans.+CT. (c) Equivalent dambing coefficient = CT = 80 Nms/rad GATE-37..833 .== =42. In the figure shown.

1 = k x2-mgx. d 2 .

(b) 111 Explanation.46 Hz GATE-38. Ans. The natural frequency of the system is approximately [GATE-1996] (a) 46.44 Hz (c) 60.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-38.44 Hz 2p 4 ×1 GATE-39. f = =52. The assembly shown in the figure is composed of two mass less rods of length l with two particles. We know. K2 and K3 are respectively 1 kN/m. . The spring constants K1.90 Hz (b) 52. each of mass m. A mass of 1 kg is suspended by means of 3 springs as shown in figure. =+t KKK s12 11 =+= 4 kN / m 133 Combined stiffness =Ks +K3 3 =+2 4 = 11kN/ m 4 111 103 × . 3kN/m and 2 kN/m.55 Hz (d) 77.

The natural frequency of this assembly for small oscillations is (a) g/l (b) 2/ cgl(osa) (c) gl/cosa () (d) (gcosa)/l [GATE-2001] .

If k2 represents the bending stiffness of the beam. Id22 +2mgl cos a. sin. . 2 +2mgl cos a. (c) k Natural frequency.= nl Natural frequency of free transverse vibration GATE-39. g cos a or 2 + .=0 dt l gcos a . 2ml 2 ddt2. the natural frequency (rad/s) of the system is [GATE-1993] GATE-39. Now.t = 2mgl cos a. (d) Explanation: Net restoring torque when displaced by a small angle . t = mg cos (a -.)l-mg (a + . .= 0 d2. . Ans. A cantilever beam of negligible weight is carrying a mass M at its free end. (restorative) . F = 1 2p M where k = k1 +k2 .= 0 dt But I = 2ml2 .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-39. Ans. For very small .. and is also resting on an elastic support of stiffness k1 as shown in the figure below..)l = 2 mgl cos a sin.

f = 1 (k1 +k2 ) 2p M .

9922 (c) 0. 1 test setups for conducting frequency 144 Hz is produced show the most perceptible . respectively.85 . (a) Damping factor GATE-43. Rand S.15.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-40. then natural frequency of the mass M at the end of this cantilever beam of negligible mass is increased by a factor of [GATE-2002] (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 8 GATE-40. Ans. Assuming a damping factor of 0. Ans.0028 GATE-43.0162 (d) 0. r == 18. Machine has an unbalanced rotating force of 350 N at speed of 3600 rpm. 96. They are mounted on vibration experiments. There are four samples P. Ans.=== .0531 (b) 0. (c) Rayleigh s method (accurate result) GATE-41. If the length of the cantilever beam is halved. (c) 2p×3600 . which of the samples will induced vibration? [GATE-2005] (a) P (b) Q (c) R (d) S GATE-42. 377Now. A machine of 250 kg mass is supported on springs of total stiffness 100 kN/m. 28 and 256 Hz. the value of transmissibility ratio is [GATE-2006] (a) 0. If a loud pure note of by some instrument.n 20 Transmissibility ratio (TR) = with natural frequencies 64. Q.= =377 rad/s 60 Natural frequency n k 100 1000 20 rad / s m 250 ×.

. Ans.+××-+×× TR =0.d = 2 n1 .< 1.-. m rad/s.0162 GATE-44. hence it is under damped vibration case. The frequency of vibration of the damped system.= () ()() ()) 2 2 22 2 2 2 1 2 r 1r 2 r 1 (2 0.85) +. . (a) . .-+.85) 1 18.8 is introduced into the system. Frequency of the system. The natural frequency of an undamped vibrating system is 100 rad/s A damper with a damping factor of 0. is [GATE-2000] (a) 60 (b) 75 (c)80 (d) 100 GATE-44. .15 18.85 (2 0.15 18.

025 )2 200 ×10 × = = .50 Ns/m (d) 156.64 ×100 =60 GATE-45.= s gaE (0. A mass M.25 Ns/m GATE-45.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 =1 -0. If the lateral vibration of this system is critically damped using a viscous damper. then damping constant of the damper is (a) 1250 Ns/m (b) 625 Ns/m (c) 312. Ans. of 20 kg is attached to the free end of a steel cantilever beam of length 1000 mm having a cross-section of 25 x 25 mm. Assume the mass of the cantilever to be negligible [GATE-2004] and Esteel = 200 GPa. (a) 33 3 wl mgl 4mgl d== = 3EI a4 Ea 4 3E 12 2 9 .

dn We know that .s/m (b) 3.9 .1 kg and the stiffness of the sp ring is 1 kN/m.25Ns / m =1250Ns / m c .s/m GATE-46.2 nn ..= 2km .=. 0. In a spring-mass system.s/m (d) 12. 1 -.=31. Ans.436 ×1000 ×0. 1 -.= 0.71 s/m GATE-47.2 N.=0.=. A mass m attached to a spring is subjected to a harmonic force as shown in figure. By introducing a damper. The amplitude of the forced motion is observed to be 50 mm.n =× GATE-46.2 dn .4 N.s/m (c) 8.0 N. (c) Given . the frequency of oscillation is found to be 90% of the original value. The value of m (in kg) is [GATE-2010] .436 c Now .7 N.1 = 8.9. What is the damping coefficient of the damper? [GATE-2005] (a) 1. the mass is 0. c = 2×0.25cycle / s nm d 2 ml3 2 20 ×13 Therefore c =2m 220 ×31.

. .. . Ans....Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 (a) 0.. n. n. . .100 .=100.2 ... .. X=50 mm . .. .1 (b) 1.2 . .5 GATE-47. .3 (d) 0.+ 2.050 = . .1-. . . n.1...n =? m=? D / FK X= Here.. 100 / 3000 . K=3000.2 ..2 . (a) FD =100. .=0 .2 .0 (c) 0. .

n = m m=0.2 . .4 Ns/m (d) 223. The value of logarithmic decrement is [GATE-2006] (a) 1.. . Ans..6Ns / m GATE-49. .1kg Magnification factor or Dynamic magnifier GATE-48...35 (b) 1. n..32 (c) 0.6 Ns/m GATE-48. 1 . 30 . K .= . .42 .68 (d) 0.n =173.050 1 -. ...100 .100 ..66 .1-=0. Cc =2m × M =223. .n.223 Ns/m (b) 17. The value of critical damping of the system is [GATE-2006] (a) 0. (d) S For critical damping.2.88 Ns/m (c) 71. .2 .

d = 0. (d) 2p×C Logarithmic decrement.GATE-49. Ans. then transmissibility of ratio of isolation is [GATE-2004] 13 4 ()a () c ( )2 b () d 24 3 . A vibrating machine is isolated from the floor using springs.5. If the ra tio of excitation frequency of vibration of machine to the natural frequency of the isolation system is equal to 0.42 C2c -C2 GATE-50.

1 2 .+. C . . . Natural frequency of free longitudinal vibration GATE-51. is in simple harmonic motion as it passes through its mean position.nc .2 .1 .A simple pendulum of length 5 m. nc .2 1 +.2 . 1 -(0. . the bob has a speed of 5 m/s.. Ans. 1 14 If c =0.C . 2c. ..5 ) 3 .. 2c. . n ..= 2 . The net force on the bob at the mean position is[GATE-2005] (a) zero (b) 2.5 N (c) 5 N (d) 25N . 2 = 2 = .2 . with a bob of mass 1 kg. (c) . n .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-50.2 .. Transmissibility ratio. .. .then .

GATE-51. the period increases by 1sec. Ans. (b)0.6 kg (c) 2 kg (d) 2. nnn n . The value of m is (a) 1 kg (b) 1.99 d14 Hence = d29 Now mgk = d1 and (m + 2) gk = d2 where k is the stiffness of the spring.4 kg [GATE-1994] GATE-52. 4.99 4. (a) Force at mean position is zero.The natural n frequency of this system on the moon (g =g / 6) is [GATE-2010] moon earth (a) .6 kg GATE-53.204 . The natural frequency of a spring-mass system on earth is .. (c)0. 4. (b) d sec onds Period of oscillation = . (d)0.99 cycle dd 1 =2 and 2 =3 .408 . m= 1. GATE-52. If the mass is increased by 2 kg.167 . 9 d1= 4 d2 or 9mgk = 4(m + 2) gk . A mass m attached to a light spring oscillates with a period of 2 sec. . Ans.

GATE-53. . (a) kg . Ans. If you think about nm d then das g changes d will also change by same factor.= neither mass nor stiffness depends on gravity.

.. This is the differential equation governing the above vibrating system. +cx ( -y ) +kx =0 (d) (. m m ()k k c . m ()k 2k b .) + ( -y) =0 mx cx kx GATE-55. . +cx + ( -y) =0 kx mx . (b) (.dx dy .. Consider the system of two wagons shown in Figure.. (c) GATE-55...y) + ( -y. dt . Ans. The differential equation governing the vibrating system is [GATE-2006] (a) mx. 2m GATE-54.. The natural frequencies of this system are [GATE-1999] ()2ka0.dt dt . (c) 2 dx .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-54. m2m ()kd0.. . m +c =+kx =0 2 .. -.. Ans.. cx . -y) + ( -y) +kx =0 (c) mx.

GATE-56.4 . Ans.06 Hz m+(K +K ) y =0 Therefore . (B) K1 +K21 4000 +1600 d2 y =10. The natural frequency of the spring mass system shown in the figure is closest to [GATE-2008] (a) 8 Hz (b) 10 Hz (c) 12 Hz (d) 14 Hz GATE-56.=2pN = or N= 12 n dx2 m 2p 1.

The natural frequency of torsional oscillation of the disc is given by [GATE-2003] (a) K + K + K 123 J (b) KK + KK + KK 12 23 31 JK + K ( 12 ) (c) () 1 2 3 1 2 2 3 3 1 KK K JK K K K K K ++ (d) KK + KK + KK 12 23 31 JK + K ( 23 ) GATE-57. (b) KK Equivalent stiffness = 12 + K3 K1 + K2 . K1. K3 are the torsional stiffness of the respective shafts.Consider the arrangement shown in the figure below where J is the combined polar mass moment of inertia of the disc and the shafts. K2.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-57. Ans.

The natural frequency of vibration of the system. S 1 40 1000 20 10f m 2 100 2 . Ans. As shown in Figure. a mass of 100 kg is held between two springs.000 N/m Natural frequency of vibration of the system. is 1510 20 ()a () c () b () d 2ppp p [GATE-2000] GATE-58.KK = 12 + K3 K1 + K2 Now natural frequency eqK J = KK + KK + KK 1213 23 = JK K ( 1 + 2 ) GATE-58. n 1 2 × = = = S1+ S2 = 20 + 20 40 kN/m = 40. (c) S = . in cycles/s.

The un-damped natural frequency of oscillations of the bar about the hinge point is [GATE-2003] .= = p p p p GATE-59.

annd x2 =0..5)2 +10000).Lineear Vibraation Annalysis oof Mech anical SSystemss eear Vibraation Annalysis oof Mech anical SSystemss SS K Monndal s Chapterr 7 (a)) 42..43 rad/ss (b) 30 rrad/s (c) 17.5 .44. Mooment of intteria ml32 10 ×(0. afteer equilibriuum x1 x2 Noow. . l 00 ...4) .8333kg -m2 Noow. 22 .+(2000 ×((0.. .+kl ++k.Cl ..833.. (a) or small defflection.500 ×(0. An Fo ns.+0.5) 2 = == 33 =0.. from Neewton s law of motion ..= = 0. l =0 1 22 ..322 rad/s (d) 14. 2 2 . x1 =0..= cx +kx l +k..+ .55.4 0. .14 rrad/s GGATE-59.+ .=0 .= 12 . .

.833 = 3 CTT = 80 KTT = 1500 Noow natural ffrequency n k 42 . (c)Equiivalent dambing coeffic ient = CT = 80 Nms/radd GGATE-61..+CT..833 .+1500 . tthe spring deflects byy d to posi tion A (thee equilibriuum poosition) whhen a masss m is keptt on it. Thhe dampinng coefficieent in the vvibration eequation iss given by[GA TE-20003] (a)) 500 Nms/rrad (b) 500 N/(m/s) (c) 80 Nmms/rad (d) 80 N/(mm/s) GGATE-60. . Anns.+800.. .=0 .43rad / s =0 3 GGATE-60. Durring free vvibration. () .0. tthe mass is s at .833 .+ kT.. 1 eqquation can bbe written aas: .= = Tk1500 l 0... l. .... Inn the figur e shown. l0.

(b) Explanation: Potential energy at A = mg (l . (b) 111 Explanation.d) Total energy at B = mg [l 2 .44 Hz (c) 60. =+ t KKK s12 11 (d + x)]+ 1 kx2 . The change in potential energy of the springmass system from position A to position B is [GATE-2001] 1212 1 212 a kx b kx -mgx c kx+ d d kx +mgx () () ()() () 222 2 GATE-61. A mass of 1 kg is suspended by means of 3 springs as shown in figure.46 Hz GATE-62.55 Hz (d) 77. Ans. Change in energy = mgl-mg (d + x) + 1 k x2-mgl + mgd. The spring constants K1. d 2 GATE-62. 3kN/m and 2 kN/m.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 position B at some instant.90 Hz (b) 52. K2 and K3 are respectively 1 kN/m. We know. Ans. 2 1 = k x2-mgx. The natural frequency of the system is approximately [GATE-1996] (a) 46.

f = =52.=+ = 4 kN / m 133 Combined stiffness =Ks +K3 3 =+2 4 = 11kN/ m 4 111 103 × .44 Hz 2p 4 ×1 .

g cos a or + . The natural frequency of this assembly for small oscillations is (a) g/l (b) 2/ cgl( osa) (c) gl/cosa () (d) (gcosa)/l [GATE-2001] GATE-63.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-63. . sin.+2mgl cos a. each of mass m.t = 2mgl cos a.=0 dt2 l gcos a .. . . (restorative) I d2 Now. .= 0 dt d2.. The assembly shown in the figure is composed of two mass less rods of length l with two particles. t= mg cos (a-. 2ml d 2 +2mgl cos a. (d) Explanation: Net restoring torque when displaced by a small angle .)l-mg (a+ .= 0 dt2 But I = 2ml2 22.)l = 2 mgl cos asin. Ans. For very small .

F = 1 2p .. and is also resting on an elastic support of stiffness k1 as shown in the figure below. (c) k Natural frequency. . Ans. A cantilever beam of negligible weight is carrying a mass M at its free end. If k2 represents the bending stiffness of the beam. the natural frequency (rad/s) of the system is [GATE-1993] 12 2(kk ) +kk + kk kk 1212 12 () a () b () c () d (1+ 2) Mkk M MM GATE-64.= nl GATE-64.

M where k = k1 +k2 f = 1 (k1 +k2 ) 2p M .

A machine of 250 kg mass is supported on springs of total stiffness 100 kN/m. 28 and 256 Hz. Assuming a damping factor of 0. 1 test setups for conducting frequency 144 Hz is produced show the most perceptible . Ans. Q. There are four samples P. 377 Now. They are mounted on vibration experiments.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 GATE-65.= =377 rad/s 60 Natural frequency n k 100 1000 20rad / s m 250 ×. Machine has an unbalanced rotating force of 350 N at speed of 3600 rpm.15. respectively. Ans.0531 (b) 0. If the length of the cantilever beam is halved. (c) Rayleigh s method (accurate result) GATE-66. then natural frequency of the mass M at the end of this cantilever beam of negligible mass is increased by a factor of [GATE-2002] (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 8 GATE-65.n 20 Transmissibility ratio 1 (2r )2 +. Rand S.85 .(TR) = with natural frequencies 64. (c) 2p×3600 . If a loud pure note of by some instrument. (a) Damping factor GATE-68.0162 (d) 0.0028 GATE-68. which of the samples will induced vibration? [GATE-2005] (a) P (b) Q (c) R (d) S GATE-67. Ans.=== . 96. the value of transmissibility ratio is [GATE-2006] (a) 0.9922 (c) 0. r == 18.

85) -+×× TR =0. . Ans.0162 GATE-69. .15 18.85) 2 = ())2 21 18. m rad/s.-.The natural frequency of an undamped vibrating system is 100 rad/s A damper with a damping factor of 0..85 (2 0.8 is introduced into the system. The frequency of vibration of the damped system.d = 2 n1 . (a) .()2 +(2r )2 1r2 . 1 +(2 ×0.64 =×100 =60 .< 1. is [GATE-2000] (a) 60 (b) 75 (c)80 (d) 100 GATE-69.15 ×18. hence it is under damped vibration case. 1 0. Frequency of the system.

GATE-70. Ans.= s gaE (0. (a) 33 3 wl mgl 4mgl d= = 4 = 4 3EI aEa 3E 12 2 . of 20 kg is attached to the free end of a steel cantilever beam of length 1000 mm having a crosssection of 25 x 25 mm.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 but negative.50 Ns/m (d) 156.025 )2 200 ×109 × = = =31. Assume the mass of the cantilever to be negligible and Esteel = 200 GPa. then damping constant of the damper is (a) 1250 Ns/m (b) 625 Ns/m (c) 312.25cycle / s nm . If the [GATE-2004] lateral vibration of this system is critically damped using a viscous damper. A mass M.25 Ns/m GATE-70.

A mass m attached to a spring is subjected to a harmonic force as shown in figure.2 nn .1 = 8.=n . 1 -. (c) Given .In a spring-mass system. c = 2×0.s/m (b) 3. By introducing a damper.1 kg and the stiffness of the spr ing is 1 kN/m.436 c Now . 2 GATE-71. Ans.9. dn We know that d . 0. What is the damping coefficient of the damper? [GATE-2005] (a) 1. the frequency of oscillation is found to be 90% of the original value.= 0.25Ns / m =1250Ns / m Therefore c .4 N. the mass is 0.s/m GATE-71.s/m (c) 8.2 N.=. The value of m (in kg) is [GATE-2010] .0 N.71 s/m GATE-72. The amplitude of the forced motion is observed to be 50 mm.7 N.s/m (d) 12.=0.9 .d 2 ml3 2 20 ×13 c =2m n =× 20 ×31.2 ..= 2km .436 ×1000 ×0. 1 -.

. . 100 / 3000 .1 (b) 1. K= 3000. .0 (c) 0. n. . n..2 .. .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 (a) 0.050 = .5 GATE.... .= 100.+ 2.. (a) FD = 100.-72. Ans. ..3 (d) 0..n = ? m= ? D / FK X= Here. .2 .= 0 . X= 50 mm . . .2 . .1.

. .2 . . 100 . .66 . .n.. . . . .100 .n.050 1 -= .. 30 . .1-= 0.1kg .2 ..1-.. .. .. . K .n = m m= 0. n..2 .100 . 2 ...2. 1 .. ..n = 173.

6 Ns/m GATE-73.Magnification factor or Dynamic magnifier GATE-73.35 (b) 1. Cc = 2m × = 223.68 (d) 0.88 Ns/m (c) 71. The value of critical damping of the system is [GATE-2006] (a) 0. The value of logarithmic decrement is [GATE-2006] (a) 1.4 Ns/m (d) 223. Ans.6Ns / m M GATE-74.42 .223 Ns/m (b) 17.32 (c) 0. (d) S For critical damping.

Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 2p×C GATE-74.. then transmissibility of ratio of isolation is [GATE-2004] 1 34 () () b () c () a d 2 2 43 GATE-75. . nc . .2 .. d = 0.1 2 .2 1 +.42 C2c -C2 GATE-75. Ans.+..5. C . (d)Logarithmic decrement.. Transmissibility ratio. A vibrating machine is isolated from the floor using springs. (c) . 2c.2 . C . n .2 . . . 2c.= .. .nc . Ans. . If the ra tio of excitation frequency of vibration of machine to the natural frequency of the isolation system is equal to 0.

5 ) 3 . Mechanical brake A B C D A B C D (a) 1 (c) 1 IES-1.2 . n .1 2 . . Match List-I (Property) with List-II (System) and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists: [IES-2006] List-I A.II 1. Free vibrations 3. Ans. Closed-loop control system 2. Previous 20-Years IES Questions IES-1. . Resonance B.1 14 If c =0.. 1 -(0. On-off control C. (b) 2 4 4 2 3 3 (b) (d) 3 3 4 2 2 4 1 1 .then . 2 = 2 = . Excessively large amplitude 4. Feedback signal List . Natural frequency D.

The static deflection of a shaft under a flywheel is 4 mm. = d 3 10 1 -= ×10 =100 rad / sec. what will be the frequency of vibrations of the system? [IES-2009] (a) 80 rad/s (b) 90 rad/s (c)100 rad/s (d) 160 rad/s IES-2. Ans. (c) Frequency of vibration of system g .IES-2. What is the critical speed in rad/s? [IES-2009] (b) 50 (b) 20 (c) 10 (d) 5 . IES-3. running at 80 rad/s. The static deflection of the spring is 1 mm. A reciprocating engine. Take g = 10m/s2. Take g = 10 rn/s2. is supported on springs. When the engine runs.

Its natural frequency is [IES-1995] (a) 6 Hz (b) 3p Hz (c) 3 Hz (d) 6p Hz. Ans.. '. Ans. the natural frequency of this rod in Hz for small amplitude is [IES-2002] 1 g 1 g 12g 13g (a) (b) (c) (d) 2p l 2p 3l 2p 3l 2p 2l IES-4.= 36p2 and f = Page 9 Q11 . The mass of the rod is 'm' and length' . The equation of free vibrations of a system is . (c) IES-5. Ans. (c) . (a) Critical speed = = 50 rad/sec IES-4.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 3 g 10 410= d= × IES-3. A rod of uniform diameter is suspended from one of its ends in vertical p lane. IES-5..x + 36p2 x = 0 .. ..

A simple spring mass vibrating system has a natural frequency of N. (a) Natural frequency of vibration fn8 In new system fn8 m 2m 2 m 2 IES-8. Ans. If air resistance is neglected. then the natural frequency will become [IES-1993] (a) N/2 (b) 2N (c) 4N (d) 8N IESk k /2 1 kN = = IES-7. Ans. while it is executing small oscillations the acceleration of the bob of a simple pendulum at the mid-point of its swing will be [IES-1997] (a) zero (b) a minimum but not equal to zero (c) a maximum (d) not determinable unless the length of the pendulum and the mass of the bob are known IES-6.2p IES-6. Which one of the following is the correct value of the natural frequency (.n) of the system given above? [IES-2005] . If th e spring stiffness is halved and the mass is doubled. (a) IES-7.

m 3 m . 1 3k . . 1 +1 .. 3 . . . ... . ... . ... 1 1/ 2 . 1 (a) (b) (c) (d) .. . . . ..... 11 .m.m .. .. ...kk2 .k +.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 ... .k ... 1/2 1/2 . .. +. . ..

.12 3 . . .. . Equivalent stiffness =+ .. .. . . 11 . IES-8.n = m kKk +k .12 3 . e 312 . . .k +kk .... . K 111 1 e . ... (a) 1/2 . ..m.. Ans.. . .. .n = . +.(k +k )k .. () ..

(b) K and K are in parallel and K and K are in parallel 11 22 .IES-9. What is the combined spring constant of the system? [IES-2009] KK 2. Ans. Equivalent spring constant is 2( K1 +K2 ) . A mass M vibrates on a frictionless platform between two sets of springs having individual spring constant as shown in the figure below.( KK ) 12 12 (a) K +K (b) 2(K +K ) (c) (d) 12 12 K +K K +K 12 12 IES-9.

Ans. = 5 m. (b) 5 Speed = 72 km/hr = 72 × =20 m/sec 18 Since Wavelength = . If it travels at a speed of 72 km/hr on a rough road with periodic waviness as shown. The figure above shows the schematic of an automobile having a mass of 900 kg and the suspension spring constant of 81 x 104 N/m.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IES10. what is [IES-2008] the forcing frequency of the road on the wheel? (a) 10 Hz (b) 4 Hz (c) 1·5 Hz (d) 20 Hz IES-10. Forcing frequency of road on the wheel 20 = = 4 Cycles / second = 4Hz 5 IES-11. The natural frequency of the system is given by [IES-1993] 1 Ka2-Wb fn = 2p Io The system will vibrate when . For the system shown in the given figure the moment of inertia of the we ight W and the ball about the pivot point is Io.

(a) For system to vibrate. Ans.22 2 Ka Ka Ka () () () () 0 < = > = abbb cb da WW W Ka2 IES-11. fn should be positive. which is possible when b < W .

the frequency of oscillations of the block [IES-1996] along the axis of the springs is 1 kk 1 1 + kk kk 1 m 12 1212 (a) (b) (c) (d) 2p m 2p kkm 2 m p kk ( 1+2)p . Natural frequency of vibration of the system.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 S = S1+ S2 = 20 + 20 = 40 kN/m = 40. n 1 S 1 40 1000 20 10 f 2 m 2 100 2 × = = = = p p p p IES-12.000 N/m . For the spring-mass system shown in the given figure.

as shown in figure 2? (a) N/2 (b) N/ 2 (c) 2/N (d) 2N. Oscillator List II 1. (c) IES-13. Forced vibration 3.2 ( 1+ 2) IES-12. the frequency of vibration is N. Absorption of vibration Code: A B C D A B C D (a) (c) IES-14. (b) IES-14. Damping of vibration 4. Ans. Shock absorber C. Vibration damper B. For the spring-mass system shown in the figure 1. (a) 5 5 3 3 2 4 1 1 (b) (d) 3 3 1 4 4 2 2 5 . Frahm tachometer D. What will be the frequency when one more similar spring is added in series. Transverse vibration 5. Frequency of free vibration 2. Match List I (Applications) with List II (Features of vibration) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-2000] List I A. Ans. [IES-1995] IES-13. Ans.

The natural frequency of transverse vibration of a massless beam of leng th L having a mass m attached at its midspan is given by (EI is the flexural rigidity of the beam) [IES-2001] .Natural frequency of free transverse vibration IES-15.

.48EI .... (c) IES-16.2 . rad/s (c) .3EI .mL .mL3 .2 (a) . IES-15. 3 . The bar AB is assumed to be rigid and weightless. Ans. rad/s .. EI . rad/s (b) .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 11 11 22 . rad/s (d) . 3 .mL .48EI . . The natural frequency of vibration of the system is given by (a) 1 kk (/f = 12 a n 2p mk[2 +(/ a 1 kk (b) fn = 12 2p mk(1 +k2] 1 k1 (c) fn . A system is shown in the following figure.48mL3 ..

(a) Effect of Inertia on the longitudinal and transverse vibration IES-17. then the natural frequency of the system is given by [IES-1998] k k 3kk a b c d () () .= 2p mk [IES-1994] 2 1 kk (d) fn = 1 + 2 2p mk k 12 IES-16. Ans. The system is executing longitudinal vibrations. If a mass 'm' oscillates on a spring having a mass ms and stiffness 'k'. The inertia of the bar may be taken into account by which one of the following portions of the mass of the bar at the free end? [IES 2007] 51 331 (a) (b) (b) (d) 38448 140 3 IES-17. Ans. A uniform bar. fixed at one end carries a heavy concentrated mass at the other end. (d) IES-18.

Ans. .() () msm mm+ s mms + m + +ms 3 3 IES-18. (a) Rayleigh s method (accurate result) IES-19.

. d .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 A rolling disc of radius r and mass m is connected to one end of a linear spring of stiffness k . = . = . The natural frequency of oscillation is given by which one of the following? [IES 2007] 2k 2k (a) (b) mk (c) 2km (d) m 3 m . = . as shown in the above figure. dx 1 1 1 12 .. . . = 2 2 . .

dt2 . .. + + m . dx.. . . . IES-19.. . = . dt dt dt or 2. Ans. .. (a) Energy method I kx 0 .. . . ..

.2 2 2 r where I = mk2 2 . . + kx2 + kx 0 = 0 . . md2 x d dx 3m 3 . .. . ..

Ans.. The value of the natural frequency obtained by Rayleigh's method (a) is always greater than the actual fundamental frequency [IES-1999] (b) is always less than the actual fundamental frequency (c) depends upon the initial deflection curve chose and may be greater than or l essthan the actual fundamental frequency (d) is independent of the initial deflection curve chosen IES-20. or dt dt 2 d2 x 2k 2k . 3 and 4. . Which of the following methods can be used to determine the damping of machine element? [IES-1995] 1. (a) Frequency of free damped vibration . IES-20.. . Logarithmic method 2. Hozer method Select the correct answer using the codes given below: Codes: (a) 1 and 3 (b) 1 and 2 (c) 3 and 4 (d) 1. . IES-21. = ... 2. Band-width method 3. Ans. Rayleigh method 4. (d) IES-21..

0 or above (b) 0. There is no steady-state lag if input is [IES-2001] (a) unit step displacement (b) step velocity (c) harmonic (d) step velocity with error-rate damping IES-22. (d) Damping factor IES-23.IES-22. A system has viscous damped output.866 IES-23. Ans. Ans.5 (c) 0. (a) 0 or + or x = = dt2 3m 3m . A motion is aperiodic at what value of the damping factor? [IES 2007] (a) 1.3 (d) 0.

2. The equation of motion for a single degree of freedom system [IES-1996] 4x.= = n44 × 16 n 44 IES-26.7 N/mm. = . Ans.50 (c) 0.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IES-24..00 IES-24...75 (d) 1. A mass of 1 kg is attached to the end of a spring with stiffness 0. + 9x + 27x = 0 The damping factor is [IES-2000] (a) 0. (b) IES-25.= = 2 . + 9x + 16x = 0 The damping ratio of the system is 99 9 (a) (b) (c) (d) 9 12816 82 8 16 999 IES-25.25 (b) 0. Ans. (b) . The equation of motion for a damped viscous vibration is 3x. . The critical damping coefficient of this system is [IES-1994] .

522 Ns/m (c) 52.. t t .92 Ns/m (d) 529.nm 1 Logarithmic Decrement IES-27. .92 Ns/m 2m.= . t 2 n x = Xe sin ( 1-.. c = 2 × 1× = 2 = 52. A damped free vibration is expressed by the general equation -..(a) 1.20 Ns/m IES-26. t +f n which is shown graphically below: The envelope A has the equation: [IES 1997] 2 -. (c) c s 700 For critical damping. Ans.40 Ns/m (b) 18.

Ans. IES-27.n n (a) Xe-t (b) X sin ( 1-. Curve labelled 'A is [IES-1998] .nt (c) e (d) Xe . The amplitude versus time curve of a damped-free vibration is shown in the figure. ).. (d) IES-28.

The given figure depicts a vector diagram of forces and displacements in the case of Forced Damped Vibration. vector B the displacement y = Y sin . With symbols having the usual meanings. It means it is case of forced vibrations with damping..t represents [IES-1993] mx.t.. In a forced vibration with viscous damping.t. Ans. then the vectors C and D represent respectively (a) the force of inertia and the force of damping (b) the elastic force and the damping force [IES-1997] (c) the damping force and the inertia force (d) the damping force and the elastic force IES-30. and F sin .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 (a) a logarithmic decrement curve (b) an exponentially decreasing curve (c) a hyperbolic curve (d) a linear curve IES-28. (c) Since the equation involves cx. IES-30.. and . (c) Inertia force is in phase with displacement but opposite in dir ection toacceleration. cx.. natural frequency less than natural frequency greater than natural frequency (b) . (b) Frequency of under damped forced vibration IES-29.. the phase angle between them. Ans. IES-31. If vector A represents the forcing function P = Posin..++=kx (a) free vibration with damping (b) free vibration without damping (c) forced vibration with damping (d) forced vibration without damping IES-29. Ans..t. and damping force lags displacement by 90°.F sin . maximum amplitude occurs when forced frequency is [IES-1999] (a) Equal to (b) Slightly (c) Slightly (d) Zero IES-31. the single degree of freedom system. Ans.

and a dashpot with damping coefficient of 15 Ns/m. Ans. (b) Vibration Isolation and Transmissibility IEA-35. Damped vibration A B C D (a) 1 4 3 2 (b) 2 4 3 1 (c) 1 3 4 2 (d) 2 3 4 1 IES-34.5 kg.. Under logarithmic decrement. Torsional vibration of shafts 3. Hammer blow List-ll 1. a spring of stiffness 1000 N/m. IES-32. IES-34. Match List-l with List-ll and select the correct answer using the code g iven below the lists: [IES-2009] List-l A. Critical damping C. it will (a) return to equilibrium position without oscillation [IES-1996] (b) Oscillate with increasing time period (c) Oscillate with decreasing amplitude (d) Oscillate with constant amplitude. where . When the mass of a critically damped single degree of freedom system is deflected from its equilibrium position and released. the amplitude of successive vibrations are (a) Constant (b) in arithmetic progression [IES-1992] (c) In geometric progression (d) in logarithmic progression IES-33. Ans. Ans.n= 2 . is the frequency of excitation and . Magnification factor D. Node point B.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IES-32. Forced vibration of spring-mass system 4.n is the natural . (c) Statement for Linked Answer Questions 34 & 35: A vibratory system consists of a mass 12. (a) IES-33. Balancing of reciprocating masses 2. If .

Less than 1 C. Ans. .0 (c) 1.0 [IES-1995] IES-35. Match List I (force transmissibility) with List II (frequency ratio) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists: [IES-1994] List I A. < . 2 n . 1 B. . = 3. 2 n . . ..5 (b) 1./ n= 2 IES-36./ frequency of vibrations.5 (d) 2. Tending to zero List II 1. >> 4. then the transmissibility of vibrations will be (a) 0. > 2. (b) Transmissibility of vibration is 1 when . 2 n . 2 n . Greater than 1 D.

damping becomes detrimental when the ratio of its frequency to the natural frequency is greater than [IES-1996] (a) 0. If at any instant the left and right ends of this shaft have angular displacements . (a) IES-40.1 and . (d) IES-39. speed of the vehicl e. Ans. When a vehicle travels on a rough road whose undulations can be assumed to he sinusoidal. the resonant conditions of the base excited vibrations are determined by the [IES-2001] (a) mass of the vehicle. (b) IES-37.00 (d) 2 IES-38. wavelength of the roughness curve (b) speed of the vehicle only (c) speed of the vehicle and the stiffness of the suspension spring (d) amplitude of the undulations IES-39.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 Code: A B C D A B C D (a) 1 2 3 4 (b) 2 1 4 3 (c) 2 1 3 4 (d) 1 2 4 3 IES-36. Ans.25 (b) 0. Given figure shows a flexible shaft of negligible mass of torsional stiffness K coupled to a viscous damper having a coefficient of viscous damping c. When a shaking force is transmitted through the spring.50 (c) 1. Ans.1 of the system is [IES-1995] K 11 K (a) (b) (c) (d) 1+ s KccK c + 1+ . .2/ . stiffness of the suspension spring.2 respectively. then the transfer function.

Ans. (b) Both the statements are correct. (b) IES-41. the natural frequency of the system should less than the exciting frequency. the be far the vibra be far le . For effective isolation. 2. One way of improving vibration isolation is to decrease the mass of ting object. 2. the natural frequency of the system should ss than the exciting frequency. For effective isolation. 1. Consider the following statements: [IES-2008] 1.s 1+ s K c IES-40. Ans. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 IES-41. one way of improving vibration isolation is to decrease the mass of vibrating object.

Linear Vibbration AAnalysiss of Mecchanicall Systemms bbration AAnalysiss of Mec chanicall Systemms S K Moondal s Chaptter 7 Transmisssibility: whhich is the magnitude of the ratioo of the forcce transmitt ted to the force appplied. 1/2 . 2 . 1 +.2 .. ( / nn ) .. 22 . T = ... (1 -./ .)2 +(2..../ )2 . nn . For /n > ..> 2 , transmmissibility, although beelow unity, iincreases wwith an increasee in dampinng, contrary to normal eexpectationss. At higherr frequenc ie s, transmissibbility goes tto zero. K .. iff . nn ..and we wwant shoould be highh. So .n = mthen. and .

statemment

m .n .n 1 is wrongg Torsioonal Vibbration IES-42. DDuring torssional vibration of a shaft, the nnode is chaaracterize d by the [IEES-2001] (a) maximuum angular velocity(b) maaximum anggular displaacement (c) maximuum angular accelerationn (d) zero anngular displlacement IES-42. AAns. (d) IES-43. In a multti-rotor sysstem of torrsional vibbration maaximum nuumber of nnodes that can ooccur is [IES--1999] (a) two (b) eqqual to the nnumber of rootor plus onne (c) equal too the numbeer of rotors (d) eqqual to the nnumber of rootors minuss one IES-43. AAns. (d) IES-44. The abovve figure shows twwo rotorss connectted by ann elastic shaft undergoinng torsionnal vibrati on. The rootor (1) haas a masss of 2 kg aand a diameter of 60 cm, wwhile the rrotor (2) hhas a mass of 1 kg annd a diame ter of 20 cm. whhat is the distance ..at whichh the nodee of vibratiion of torssional [IES--2009] vibration occurs? (a) 36 cm (b) 330 cm (c) 22 cm (d) 18 IES-44. AAns. (a)

Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 I l=I l 11 22 22 l1(2 ×60 ) =l2(1 ×20 ) 18 1 = 2 ll Given that l+l=38 12 19 l1 =38 l1 =2cm . l2 =38 -2 =36 cm Torsionally equivalent shaft IES-45. Two heavy rotating masses are connected by shafts of length l1, l2 and l 3 and the corresponding diameters are d1, d2 and d3. This system is reduced to a torsionally equivalent system having uniform diameter d1 of the shaft. The equivalent length of the shaft is equal to [IES-1997] lll 123 (a) lll (b) ++ ++ 123 3 33 44 .. .. .. ..

d1 d1 d1 d1 (c) 1 ++l3 .. (d) ll+2 . . +. . ll2 .. 1 l3 dd dd .. 23 .. 2 .. .. 3 IES-45. Ans. (d) IES-46. Two heavy rotating masses are connected by shafts of lengths l1, I2 and I3 and the corresponding diameters are d1, d2 and d3. This system is reduced to a torsionally equivalent system having uniform diameter "d1"of the shaft. The equivalent length of the shaft is [IES-1994] .. d lll++ lld3 .. 3 123 11 (a) (b) 1 +2 . . +l3 .. 3 dd .. 23 .. .. ..

d4 d4 (c) 11 (d) ++ lll ll1 +2 . . +l3 .. 123 dd .. 23 .. IES-46. Ans. (c) Previous 20-Years IAS Questions Natural frequency of free longitudinal vibration IAS-1. Consider the following statements: [IAS-2002] 1. SHM is characteristic of all oscillating motions, where restoring force exists. 2. In SHM, the motion is of uniform velocity. 3. Frequency in SHM is equal to number of oscillations. 4. Frequency is number of complete cycles per unit time.

Ans.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 Which of the above statements are correct? (a) 1. (a) As total energy is constant when V = 0. the disc rolls on the ground. Ans. 3 and 4 IAS-1. Assertion (A): In a simple harmonic motion. 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 4 (c) 1. the potential energy reaches its maximum value twice during each cycle. When released from some stretched position. [IAS-2000] Reason(R): Velocity becomes zero twice during each cycle. IAS-3. P. A disc of mass 'm' and radius 'r' is attached to a spring of stiffness 'k' During its motion.E is maximum. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-2. 2 and 4 (d) 2. And V = 0 becomes at both extreme ends. the centre of the disc will execute harmonic motion with a time period of [IAS 1994] m m a2 b2 ()p ()p ak k 3m 2m c2p d2p () () 2k k . (b) IAS-2.

2. (c) . (d) IAS-5. 2 and 4 are correct IAS-5. Consider the following statements: [IAS-1999] 1. Periodic time is the time for one complete revolution. 2 and 3 are correct (b) 1 and 3 are correct (c) 1 and 2 are correct (d) 2 and 3 are correct IAS-4. The acceleration in proportional to distance from mean position. Of these statements: (a) 1. Ans. Consider the following statements: [IAS-1996] The period of oscillation of the fluid column in a U-tube depends upon the 1. Ans. Ans. 3. diameter of U-tube 2. 2 and 3 are correct.IAS-3. (c) IAS-4. 3 and 4 are correct (c) 1. length of the fluid column 3. (b) 2. 3 and 4 correct (d) 1. acceleration due to gravity Of these statements: (a) 1. The acceleration is directed towards the centre of suspension.

If the spring is cut into four equal parts and placed in parallel and the machine is mounted on them. Ans. [IAS-1995] TT (a) 16T (b) 4T (c) (d) 4 16 IAS-7. When four such springs are placed in parallel. (c) Period of free vibration of a spring T a1 k (k = spring stiffness).25 [IAS-1998] 1K n2 = 4k IAS-6. The ratio of the natural frequency of longitudinal vibration of the second system to that of the first is (a) 4 (b) 2 (c) 0. then the period of free vibration of the new system will become.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IAS-6. Two vibratory systems are shown in the given figures. the natural frequency of vibration in rad. (b) n = = 2 2p m n1k IAS-7. spring stiffness of each cut spring will be 4k. Spring stiffness of combination w ill be 4 × (4k) = 16 k. Ans. For the vibratory system shown in the given figure. When a spring is cut into 4 equal pieces. new T a 1 16k or T 4 IAS-8.5 (d) 0. . /sec is . A machine mounted on a single coil spring has a period of free vibration of T.

(c) Equivalent (K) = K1 + K2 = 200 N/cm = 20000 N/m .3 (b) 86. Ans.(a) 43.6 (c) 100 (d)200 [IAS-1997] IAS-8.

its natural frequency for small oscillations is proportional to (a) J (b) J2 1 (c) 1 (d) J J [IAS-2003] IAS-9.+3EI . Natural frequency () . (d) Explanation: Potential energy at A = mg (l . The flexural rigidity o f the light cantilever beam is EI.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 Mass = 2 kg. Change in energy = mgl-mg (d + x) + 1 k x2-mgl + mgd. The figure shows a rigid body oscillating about the pivot A. The frequency of small vertical vibrations of mass m is [IAS-1997] 3EIk k.d) Total energy at B = mg [l (d + x)]+ 1 kx2 2 . If J is mass moment of inertia of the body about the axis of rotation. Ans. 2 1 = k x2-mgx. A vibratory system is shown in the given figure. d 2 IAS-10.= = 100rad/ s K 20000 m 2 = IAS-9.

3 ) mmm.3EI (a) (b) k (c) 33 (d) 33 (3EI +K. m. .k.

Ans. Ans. A uniform cantilever beam undergoes transverse vibrations. . is spring mass) [IAS-2000] KKK K (a) (b) (c) (d) ms msm + 3ms m 3ms m m + 3 3 IAS-13. m is mass and ms. (b) Rayleigh s method (accurate result) IAS-14. A reed type tachometer uses the principle of (a) torsional vibration (b) longitudinal vibration (c) transverse vibration (d) damped free vibration IAS-12. (c) Effect of Inertia on the longitudinal and transverse vibration IAS-13. the natural frequency .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IAS-10. (a) IAS-11.n of the system is (k is spring stiffness. The number of natural frequencies associated with the beam is [IAS-1998] (a) 1 (b) 10 (c) 100 (d) infinite IAS-11. Ans. (d) IAS-12. Ans. In a simple spring mass vibrating system.

Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? [IAS-1995] (a) Coulomb----------. Energy method 2. 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 2 and 3 IAS-14. Dunkerley s method ( Approximate result) . (d) Coulomb is concerned with damping force. Equilibrium method 3.Consider the following methods: [IAS-2001] 1.Dynamic Equilibrium (c) D' Alembert-------.Energy Principle (b) Rayleigh-----------.Frequency domain analysis IAS-15. Rayleigh's method Which of these methods can be used for determining the natural frequency of the free vibrations? (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1. (b) IAS-15. and Fourier with frequency domain analysis. D' Alembert with dynamic equilibrium. Rayleigh with energy p rinciple. Ans. Thus the correctly matched pair is (d).Damping Force (d) Fourier-------------. Ans.

damping factors. The figure shows a critically . Critical or whirling speed of the shaft is the speed at which it tends to vibrate violently in the transverse direction. 2 To find the natural frequency of a shaft carrying several loads. (c) Frequency of free damped vibration IAS-17. 3. if the frequency ratio .n . Ans. Consider the following statements: [IAS-2003] 1. (a) more than 2 (b) less than 2 (c) equal to one (d) less than one IAS-18. then the system will (a) have no vibrations (b) be highly damped [IAS-1996] (c) be under damped (d) be critically damped IAS-19. Ans. A viscous damping system with free vibrations will be critically damped if the damping factor is [IAS-2000] (a) zero (b) less than one (c) equal to one (d) greater than one IAS-17. (d) IAS-20. (b) IAS-19. is [IAS-1999] ...Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IAS-16. If a damping factor in a vibrating system is unity.. . the energy method gives accurate result. 2 and 3 IAS-16. Ans. (c) IAS-18 The transmitted force through a mass-spring damper system will be greater than the transmitted through rigid supports for all values of . Ans. Dunkerley's method gives approximate results of the natural frequency of a shaft carrying several loads. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1.

the value of viscous damping coefficient is (a) 10 Ns/m (b) 20 Ns/m [IAS-2003] (c) 4 Ns/m (d) 8 Ns/m IAS-20. A spring-mass suspension has a natural frequency of 40 rad/s. (b) Critical dampling co-efficient = 2m.d 5 2m =× × =m =25m =2 20 ×= 5 20Ns / m IAS-21. Ans.damped spring-mass system undergoing single degree of freedom vibrations. If m = 5 kg and k = 20 N/m. What is the damping ratio required if it is desired to reduce this frequency to 20 rad/s by adding a damper to it? [IAS-2004] .

m 2 +. then k k (a) (b) 1 M2 M [IAS-1999] kk (c) 2 (d) M2M 2 dx .kk .c =0. Ans. KIAS-22. (a) Asdamperisnotused. . The given figure shows vibrations of a mass 'M' isolated by means of springs and a damper. Ans.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 3 (a) (b) 1 (c) 1 (d) 1 22 24 2 23 IAS-21. (a) Wd =Wn 1-e or 20 =40 1 -e or e= 2 Logarithmic Decrement IAS-22. If an external force 'F' (=A sin .t) acts on the mass and the damper is not used.

=forc forc by by . For a harmonically excited single degree of freedom viscous damped system.Acos . (a) x=A cos (. and inertia force leads them 90° (d) Spring force and inertia force are in phase.Acos 180 . For steady-state forced vibrations.Asin ( t )=. +( t ). Ans. which one of the following is correct? [IAS-2007] (a) Inertia force leads damping force by 90° while damping force leads spring e by 90° (b) Spring force leads damping force by 90° while damping force leads inertia eby 180° (c) Spring force and damping force are in phase..t-f) dx =-. . Ans.Acos (.90 +(. and damping force leads them 90° IAS-24. (c) IAS-24.x =0gives . dt 2 dx 2 2 . the phase lag at resonance is [IAS-1996] (a) 00 (b) 450 (c) 900 (d) 1800 IAS-23.f .22 .+ . m IAS-23.= dt .ft )=. f t -) .

dt 2 dx dx m× 2 +c +sx =F cos(.. In a forced vibrations with viscous damping.. (b) . maximum amplitude occurs when the forced frequency is [IAS-1999] (a) equal to natural frequency (b) slightly less than natural frequency (c) slightly greater than natural frequency (d) zero IAS-25.f) t dt dt IAS-25. Ans.f 2 .

666 and and and and 1. (a) IAS-28. In a spring-mass system.471 0. respectively.n= =2 N p m CCC C .50 Hz Hz Hz Hz IAS-26.s/m (b) 3.n 2mk 2km m .1 kg and the stiffness of the spring is 1 kN/m.35 8. (a) Given K = 3600 N/m. By introducing a damper. What is the damping coefficient of the damper? [GATE-2005] (a) 1.n 1-. (c) Given .Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IAS-26 A vehicle suspension system consists of a spring and a damper.7 N.0 N. The assumption of viscous damping in practical vibrating system is (a) one of reality [IAS 1994] (b) to make the resulting differential equation linear (c) to make the resulting differential equatic1n non-liner (d) to make the response of the mass linear with time IAS-27.9. If the mass is 50 kg.=== = Cc 2m . the frequency of oscillation is found to be 90% of the original value. m = 50 kg .2 N. the mass is 0. Ans.666 0.d =. then the damping factor (D) and damped natural frequency (fn). Ans.19 7.4 N.s/m (c) 8.s/m IAS-28.48 1. are [GATE -2009] (a) (b) (c) (d) k 0.471 0. dn .=0.2 IAS-27. c = 400 Ns/m. Ans.s/m (d) 12.6 kN/m constant of the damper is 400 Ns/m. The stiffn ess of the spring is 3.

=n . 1 -. The amplitude of the forced motion is observed to be 50 mm.= 2km .1 = 8..n1 -.= 0. 0.We know that .=. c = 2×0.9.436 ×1000 ×0.71 s/m IAS-29. A mass m attached to a spring is subjected to a harmonic force as shown in figure. The value of m (in kg) is [GATE-2010] .2 .2 dn .436 c Now .

Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 (a) 0.1. . (a) FD = 100. n..= 100. .+ 2.. . X= 50 mm .. .2 . K= 3000.. .1 (b) 1.2 .. Ans. 100 / 3000 . .1-. ..5 IAS-29..2 . . .0 (c) 0.n = ? m= ? / FK X= D Here.2 .3 (d) 0.. .= 0 .2 .050 = ..100 . n..

.. 1 . .. K .n = 173.2 ... n.n... ...n = m m= 0. In a system subjected to damped forced vibrations.= .100 . . . 30 . n.. .2.1-= 0. . .050 1 -...1kg Magnification factor or Dynamic magnifier IAS-30. 100 . . . the ratio of maximum displacement to the static deflection is known as [IAS-2003] (a) Critical damping ratio (b) Damping factor .2 . .66 ..

(d) Statement for Linked Answer Questions 32 & 33 IAS-32. then the logcrithmic decrement of the new system will be equal to [IAS-1997] (a) 1 d (b) 1 d (c) d (d)2d 4 2 .(c) Logarithmic decrement (d) Magnification factor IAS-30. (d) IAS-31. Ans. The ratio of the maximum dynamic displacement due to a dynamic force to the deflection due to the static force of the same magnitude is called the (a) displacement ratio (b) deflection ratio [IAS 1994] (c) force factor (d) magnification factor IAS-31. Logarithmic decrement of a damped single degree of freedom system isd .If the stiffness of the spring is doubled and the mass is made half. Ans.

2cp s Logarithmic decrement ()d=ln. n1 . IAS-33. Ans. if >1. cc2 + c 2c p d= if s .=2m =2 sm 2c n x m . 4sm -c2 Vibration Isolation and Transmissibility . . then what is the phase differenc e . the natural frequency w of the system must be (w is the forcing frequency) [IAS 1994] (a) .xn .n between the transmitted force and the disturbing force? [IAS-2007] (a) 0° (b) 45° (c) 90° (d) 180° IAS-33. (c) . . In a vibration isolation system. (d) 10.= c =2m . For effective vibration isolation. Ans.to half so sm =constant and dremainsthe same. (d) IAS-34.to double and m . (c) 4.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IAS-32./4 (b) .

(a) IAS-35. For a single degree of freedom viscous damped system. 3.n is zero and 3 for all values of damping (b) .n is unity and 3 for all values of damping IAS-36./. transmissibility is less than 1 if frequency ratio is [IAS-2007] (a) Equal to 1 (b) < 1 (c) < 2 (d) > 2 IAS-35. Consider the following statements: [IAS-2003] 1. (d) IAS-36. Ans. Ans./. (c) transmitted to the foundations is transmitted to the foundations is similar to that of forced 2 and 3 .n is unity and 2 for all values of damping (d) ./. Ans.IAS-34./. Transmissibility is unity at two points. When frequency ratio is > 2 . 2. The analysis of base-excited vibrations vibrations. Ans. the force more than the exciting force.n is zero and 2 for all values of damping (c) . [IAS-2004] Which one of the following is true for these two points? (a) . Which of these statements are correct? (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) 1. IAS-37. the force increases as the damping is decreased. (b) IAS-37. When frequency ratio is < 2 .

3 and 4 (d) 1. IAS-39. 2. Which of these statements are correct? (a) 1. Distance Ia of the mode of torsional vibration of the shaft from flywheel Ia is given by [IAS-1998] LILI LI LI ba ba (a) = (b) = (c) = (d) = aa aa I +II +I I +I -II +-II abab ab ab IAS-39. amplitude reduces over every cycle of vibration. 2 and 4 IAS-38. the disc moves parallel to the axis of shaft. 3. A shaft. Ans. the disc moves in a circle about the axis of the shaft. In torsional vibrations. 4. In forced vibrations. 2 and 3 (b) 1. I being the polar moment of inertia of cross-sectional area of the shaft. supported on two bearings at its ends. Ans. (d) 3 is false. the body vibrates under the influence of an applied force. In damped vibrations. Mass moment of inertia of the two flywheels are Ia and Ib. carries two flywheels 'L ' apart. 3 and 4 (c) 2.Linear Vibration Analysis of Mechanical Systems S K Mondal s Chapter 7 IAS-38. In torsional vibrations. (c) l l l l . Consider the following statements: [IAS-2001] 1. In transverse vibrations. the particles of the shaft moves approximately perpendicular to the axis of the shaft.

Torsionally equivalent shaft . transverse and torsional vibrations are simple harmonic.IAS-40. Assertion (A): The longitudinal. [IAS-1996] Reason (R): The restoring force or couple is proportional velocity in the case of these vibrations. (c) The restoring force or couple is proportional to displacement f rom the meanposition. Ans. (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-40.

(a) K = K + K + K + K 123 4 1k f = n 2p m GATE-2. 1() 2 cr d . Ans. The shaft is . is equal to [GATE-1992] ()2cra . Where . For lightly damped heavy rotor systems. IAS. Ans. resonance occurs when the forcing .cr is the critical speed GATE-2. The engine speed (in rpm). Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft Objective Questions (IES. GATE) Previous 20-Years GATE Questions GATE-1. is [GATE -2009] (a) 6040 (b) 3020 (c) 1424 (d) 955 GATE-1. () 2 crb .Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft S K Mondal s Chapter 8 8. The bearings are assumed to simulate simply supported boundary conditions. (c) GATE-3. A flexible rotor-shaft system comprises of a 10 kg rotor disc placed in the middle of a mass-less shaft of diameter 30 mm and length 500 mm between bearings (shaft is being taken mass-less as the equivalent mass of the shaft is included in the rotor mass) mounted at the ends. at which resonance is likely to occur. An automotive engine weighing 240 kg is supported on four springs with linear characteristics. Each of the front two springs have a stiffness of 16 MN/m while the stiffness of each rear spring is 32 MN/m. () crc .

What is the critical speed of rotation of the shaft? [GATE-2003] (a) 60 Hz (b) 90 Hz (c) 135 Hz (d) 180 Hz GATE-3.1 x 1011Pa.1× 1011N/m2 mgl3 . Ans.made of steel for which the value of E is 2. = deflection of shaft = 4gEI 4 -3 )4 I = p d = p×(30 ×10 64 64 . m = 10 kg = mass of rotar d = diameter of shaft = 30 × 105 m l = length of shaft = 500 × 10-3 m E for steel = 2. (b) Here.

976 ×10 m .06 ×10-5 . Which one of the following causes the whirling of shafts? [IES 2007] (a) Non-homogeneity of shaft material (b) Misalignment of bearings (c) Fluctuation of speed (d) Internal damping IES-1.Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft S K Mondal s Chapter 8 -84 =3. Ans.n fn = 2p 566. 3. 2 ×3.142 Previous 20-Years IES Questions IES-1.81 ×(500 ×10 )3 = 11 -8 48 ×2.81 = =566.976 ×10 × =3. (a) .06 ×10 -5m .1 10 ×3.= g 9.=mgl3 48EI -3 10 ×9.24rad / s n .24 ==90Hz.

.. (a) IES-3. If y is the additional displacement of the CG from the axis of rotation due to the centrifugal force. Ans... The CG of the weight is displaced by an amount e from the axis of the rotation. . . Ans...c..IES-2..2 . . Rotating shafts tend of vibrate violently at whirling speeds because (a) the shafts are rotating at very high speeds [IES-1993] (b) Bearing centre line coincides with the shaft axis (c) The system is unbalanced (d) Resonance is caused due to the heavy weight of the rotor IES-3.. Critical speed of a shaft with a disc supported in between is equal to the natural frequency of the system in [IES-1993] (a) Transverse vibrations (b) Torsional vibrations (c) Longitudinal vibrations (d) Longitudinal vibrations provided the shaft is vertical. A shaft carries a weight W at the centre...+11 1 . IES-4. (b) .c .. . is the critical speed of shaft and w is the angular speed of shaft) is given by [IES-2001] 1 ±e . 2 .. (d) IES-4. .. .c .c.c... .. (a) (b) (c) +1 (d) 2 2 . then the ratio of y to e (where . IES-2. Ans.

. . ... The critical speed of the shaft is N..Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft S K Mondal s Chapter 8 IES-5. stiffness and eccentrici ty. p2 gEI= 1 . A slender shaft supported on two bearings at its ends carries a disc with an eccentricity e from the axis of rotation. If the disc is replaced by a second one of same weight but mounted with an eccentricity 2e. IES-6... IES-5. The critical speed of a rotating shaft depends upon [IES-1996] (a) Mass (b) stiffness (c) mass and stiffness (d) mass.. ] IES-6. Ans. (c) . lml A. (c) .= p2 EI p2 gEI . Ans.. . . lml A. .p2 EI . ... critical speed of the shaft in the second case is[IES-1995 (a) 1/2N (b) l/ 2 N (c) N (d) 2N..=. . = 1 .

The transverse natural frequencies.. ..=. p2 gEI = 1 .. .. IES-7.. Assertion (A): A statically and dynamically balanced system of multiple rotors on a shaft can rotate smoothly even at the 'critical speeds' of the system. The lowest critical speed is [IES-1994] (a) 5367rpm (b) 6000rpm (c) 9360rpm (d) 12. The critical speed of a shaft is affected by the [IES-2000] (a) diameter and the eccentricity of the shaft (b) span and the eccentricity of the shaft (c) diameter and the span of the shaft (d) span of the shaft IES-9. Ans. [IES-2001] (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IES-8. (d) IES-9.. (a) =+ 2 2 2 ff f n 1 2 IES-8.p2 EI . (c) . Ans. are 100 cycles/see and 200 cycles/see respectively. A shaft has two heavy rotors mounted on it.000 rpm 1 1 1 IES-7. Ans. Reason (R): Total balancing eliminates all the 'in plane' and 'out of plane' unbalanced forces of the system. considering each of the rotors separately.

[IES-1998] (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true . ..lml A. Reason (R): The deflection of the shaft above the critical speed is negative.. hence the effect of eccentricity of the rotor mass is neutralised. Assertion (A): High speed turbines are run at a suitable speed above the critical speed of the shaft. IES-10. .

=. The engine speed (in rpm). at which resonance is likely to occur. IES-13. (c) . p2 gEI = 1 . Assertion (A): The critical speed of an elastic shaft calculated by the Rayleigh's method is higher than the actual critical speed... . Ans. Ans. . (c) IES-11.Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft S K Mondal s Chapter 8 IES-10. lml A.p2 EI .. (a) K = K +++ KKK 123 4 1k f = n 2pm IES-12. Reason (R): The higher critical speed is due to higher damping ratio. Each of the front two springs have a stiffness of 16 MN/m while the stiffness of each rear spring is 32 MN/m. An automotive engine weighing 240 kg is supported on four springs with linear characteristics. The critical speed of a uniform shaft with a rotor at the centre of the span can be reduced by [IES-1998] (a) reducing the shaft length (b) reducing the rotor mass (c) increasing the rotor mass (d) increasing the shaft diameter IES-12.. Ans. . is [GATE -2009] (a) 6040 (b) 3020 (c) 1424 (d) 955 IES-11. ...

Ans. The danger of breakage and vibration is maximum? [IES-1992] (a) below critical speed (b) near critical speed (c) above critical speed (d) none of the above. (c) IES-14. Ans. its amplitude of vibration will be (a) Infinity [IES-1999] (b) Inversely proportional to damp in (c) Directly proportional to damping (d) Decreasing exponentially with time IES-16. (a) IES-15. Node and mode 1. then at resonance. If a spring-mass-dashpot system is subjected to excitation by a constant harmonic force. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [IES-1998] List-I List-II A. A shaft of 50 mm diameter and 1 m length carries a disc which has mass eccentricity equal to 190 microns. (a) IES-17. Ans. IES-15. Geared vibration . (b) IES-16. Ans.(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false [IES-2005] (d) A is false but R is true IES-13. The displacement of the shaft at a speed which is 90% of critical speed in microns is [IES-2002] (a) 810 (b) 900 (c) 800 (d) 820 IES-14.

.. .. Resonance 4.=. (b) IAS-2.. Assertion (A): Every rotating shaft has whirling speeds [IAS 1994] Reason (R): Eccentricity of rotors on rotating shafts is unavoidable..Critical speeds or whirling of Shaft S K Mondal s Chapter 8 B. (b) . Multi-rotor vibration Code: A B C D A B C D (a) 1 4 3 2 (b) 4 1 2 3 (c) 1 4 2 3 (d) 4 1 3 2 IES-17. . Ans. Equivalent inertia 2. Damped-free vibration C. IAS-3. Forced vibration D. Whirling speed of a shaft coincides with the natural frequency of its (a) longitudinal vibration (b) transverse vibration [IAS-1995] (c) torsional vibration (d) coupled bending torsional vibration IAS-1.. Ans.p2 EI . lml A.. p2 gEI = 1 . (a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A (c) A is true but R is false (d) A is false but R is true IAS-2. Ans. Whirling speed of shaft is the speed at which [IAS-2002] . Log decrement 3. (b) Previous 20-Years IAS Questions IAS-1.

Ans. (c) . diameter of the shaft Of these statements: (a) 1 and 2 are correct (b) 1 and 3 are correct (c) 2 and 3 are correct (d) 1. IAS-5. The rotor of a turbine is generally rotated at (a) the critical speed [IAS-1999] (b) a speed much below the critical speed (c) 3 speed much above the critical speed (d) a speed having no relation to critical speed IAS-4. Ans.(a) shaft tends to vibrate in longitudinal direction (b) torsional vibration occur (c) shaft tends to vibrate vigorously in transverse direction (d) combination of transverse and longitudinal vibration occurs IAS-3. (c) IAS-4. (c) IAS-5. eccentricity of the shaft 2. 2 and 3 are correct. Ans. span of the shaft 3. Consider the following statements [IAS 1994] The critical speed of a shaft if affected by the 1.

25 sin (5t p/6) cm. Ans. 1. Consider a harmonic motion x = 1. The distance of node from the rotor of lower moment of inertia is [IES-2002] (a) 80 cm (b) 90 cm (c) 100 cm (d) 110 cm IES-1. Amplitude (cm) 1. 1/5 D. 1. GATE) Previous 20-Years IES Questions IES-1. Frequency (cycle/s) 2. p /6 Codes: A B C D A B C D (a) (c) IES-2. (d) 4 4 1 3 2 2 3 1 (b) (d) 2 2 3 1 4 4 1 3 Amplitude . Phase angle (rad) 3. Ans. IAS. Miscellaneous Objective Questions (IES.Miscellaneous S K Mondal s Chapter 9 9.25 . (c) IES-2.25 C. 5/2 p B. Time period (s) 4. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the . The length of the shaft of uniform diameter between the rotors is 110 cm. He mass moment of inertia of the two rotors in a two rotor system is 100 kg m2 and 10 kg m2.codes given below the lists: List I List II [IES-2001] A.

3 and 4 IES-3. 3 and 4 (d) 1. The angular velocity of precession of ship's rotor is p2/300 rad/s. 2 and 4 (c) 2. p 6 1 Time period. The pitching of a ship in the ocean is an oscillatory periodic motion. The amplitude of pitching is p/30 rad. Which of these statements are correct? [IES-2000] (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1. Ans.5 Frequency . 2p Phase angle. 4. (d) . pitching) of 3 cycles/minute 2. The motion has an angular frequency of 3. 3. A ship is pitching 6° above and 6° below with a period of 20s from its horizontal plane. 5 IES-3.e. Consider the following statements in this regard: 1.The motion has a frequency of oscillation (i.14 rad/s.

then in order to accelerate B. B rotates at G times the speed of A. .. Two geared shafts A and B having moments of inertia Ia and Ib and angular acceleration aaand abrespectively are meshed together. 2p× 6 ×p p2 .Miscellaneous S K Mondal s Chapter 9 o o6 ×p . 180 ×20 300 6pp amplitude == rad 180 30 IES-4.1f the gearing efficiency of the two shafts in .= = = r/s T.=6 = 180 T..=20see 2p. (b) 2 a/ 2 2 (c) GIa . [IES-1998] Iaa 2 a. the torque which must be applied to A will be (a) a+GI b b / GIaa.

the equivalent inertia of [IES-1995] disc on B at the speed of shaft A is equal to (a) nI2 (b) n2I2 (c)I2/n2 (d) I2/n 2 ' . (c) IES-7.. (b) IB =IB (on B )×. ba/ ba/ IES-4. If the radius of the pin at 'O' is 'r'. . (a) IES-5..2) IES-6.12r (b) ( 1. with respect to the displacement vector. In S.(d) GIa. A torsional system with discs of moment of inertia I1 and I2 shown in the given figure. then the rubbing velocity at the pin joint 'O' will be [IES-1998] (a) . Two links OA and OB are connected by a pin joint at 'O'. Ans. 2 IES-7. Ans.M.. Ans. Ans. (b) IES-6. . The link OA turns with angular velocity .2 radians per second in the anticlockwise direction.=n l 2 .1 radians per second in the clockwise direction and the link OB turns with angular velocity . is gear driven such that the ratio of the speed of shaft B to shaft A is 'n'. ..2)r (d) ( 12r . Neglecting the inertia of gears.B .A ... the positions of Velocity vector and Acceleration vector will be respectively [IES-1998] (a) 180° and 90° (b) 90° and 180° (c) 0° and 90° (d) 90° and 0° IES-5.2)r (c) ( 1+ .H.

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Ans. (a) . C is a swivel trunnion through which BD (40 cm) slides. CA equals 24 cm. If ABCD becomes a vertical line during its motion. In the figure shown crank AB is 15 cm long and is rotating at 10 rad/s. C is vertically above A. the angular velocity of the swivel trunnion at that instant will be (a) Zero (b) (100/25) rad/s (c) (100/15) rad/s (d) (100/10) rad/s [IES-1997] IES-8.Miscellaneous S K Mondal s Chapter 9 IES-8.