You are on page 1of 20

Indian

Standard

FASTENERS

TECHNICAL

-THREADED

t3TEEL

SUPPLY

CONDITIONS

-

PART

3

MECHANICAL

PROPERTIES

AND

TEST

METHODS

FOR

BOLTS,

 

SCREWS

AND

STUDS

WITH

FULL

LOADABILITY

 

( Third Revision

)

UDC

621.882.2/.3

: 082

[ 669.14

]

: 620.1

: 006.87

 

0

BIS

?991

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

 

MANAK

BHAVAN.

9

BAHADUR

SHAH

ZAFAR

MARG

 

NEW DELHI

110002

 
 

IS

1367(

Part3):1991

 

IS0

998

- 1 : 1988

 

Indian

 

Standard

 
 

FASTENERS

 

-

THREADED

 

STEEL

 

-

TECHNICAL’SUPPLY

 

CONDITIONS

 
 

PART

 

3

MECHANICAL

PROPERTIES

 

AND

TEST

 

METHODS

FOR

BOLTS,

 
 

SCREWS

AND

STUDS

 

WITH

FULL

 

LOADABILITY

 
 

( Third Revision

)

NATIONAL -FOREWORD

 

This Indian

Standard

 

(

Part 3 )

which

is identical

with

IS0

 

898

-

1

: 1988

‘Mechanical

 

properties

of

fasteners

-

Part 1 : Bolts,

scretis

and studs’ issued by the lntemational~

 

Organization

for Standardiza-

tion

(

IS0

) was

adopted

 

by the

Bureau of

Indian

Standards

on the recommendation

 

of

the

Bolts,

Nuts

and

Fastener

 

Accessories

Sectional

Committee

(

LMD

 

14)

and

 

approval

of

the

Light

Mechanical

Engineering

 

Division

Council.

 

The second

version of this standard

published

in 1979

was

 

based

on

IS0

898

‘Mechanical

 

properties

of

fasteners

-

Part

1

: Bolts,

screws and studs,

issued

 

by

ISO.

_ 1 : 1978 The revision

has been

made

by

the

adoption

 

of

the revised

IS0

898

-

1

: 1988.

 

The following

major changes

have

been

made

in

this

revision:

 
 

a)

The chemical

 

compositions

and tempering

temperatures

of

steels have been revised;

 

b)

The maximum

hardness values for bolts,

screws

and studs

of property

classes 3.6 to

5.8 have

 

been

increased;

 
 

c)

The surface hardnesses revised;

for

bolts,

screws and studs

of property

classes 8.8

to

12.9

have been

d)

The application

of test programmes

A and

B has been

revised

and

specified

more clearly;

 

e)

Property

 

classes 4.8,

5.8

and

6.8

are no longer

tested

according

 

to

test programme

A:

f)

The

surface

 

integrity

test

has been added

to test programme

A,

the

wedge

loading

test fol

 

bolts,

 

and

 

screws with

nominal

thread diameter

d <

4.mm

or nominal

length

 

I

<

2’5

d has

been deleted

 

from test progamme

8;

 

g)

For nominal

 

thread

diameters

10 and

12

mm,

the metric

fine

 

pitch

waschanged

 

from

1.25

to

 

1 and

 

1.5 respectively,

because

these are the

preferred

pitches

( see also

IS0

8676

and

IS0

8765

)

: the minimum

tensile loads and proofing

loads were

changed

as a consequence;

and

 

h)

The application

 

of

the

wedge

loading

test

for

bolts and screws

 

with

head b&ring

diameter

above

 

1.7 d

has been

specified.

 

In the adopted

standard,

 

certain terminology

are not identical

with

there

used

in the

Indian Standard, attention

 

is. especially

drawn

and conventions to the following:

 
 

a)

Comma

 

(

,

)

‘has

been

used

as

a decimal

marker

while

 

in Indian

Standards,

 

the current

 

practice

is to

use point

(

) as the

decimal

 

marker.

 

b). Wherever

 

the

words

,lnternational

Standard’

appear,

referring

 

to

this ‘standard,

 

they

shall

 

be

read

as ‘Indian

 

Standard’.

 

In

the

adopted

 

standard,

reference

appears

to

certain

 

International

 

Standards

for which

Indian

Standards also exist.

 

The

corresponding

Indian

Standards

 

which

are to be substituted

 

in their

place

are listed below

along

with

their degree of equivalence

for the editions

 

indicated:

 
 

International

 

Standard

 

Corresponding

 

Indian

 

Standard

 

Degrae

of

 
   

Equivalence

IS0

68

IS0

general

purposescrew

 

IS

4218

(

Part

1

)

: 1976

 

IS0

metric

 

Technically

threads

-

Basic profile

 

screw

threads:

Part

 

1

Basic

and

equivalent

 

design

profiles

 

( first reviamn

)

1

:S

1367

(Pati3)

:I991

ISO898-I:1988

 

Corr&ponding~

 

Indian

 

Standard

 

Degree

of

 

Equivalence

 

IS0

83

Steel-

Charpy

impact

 

(U-

IS

1499

: 1977

Method

 

for

Charpy

Technically

notch

)

impact

test

( U-notch

 

)

for metals

equivalent

 

( first

revision

)

IS0

225

 

Fasteners -

Bolts,

 

screws.

 

IS ‘8536

: 1987

Bolts,

 

screws,

studs

Identical

..

studs

and

 

nuts

-

Symbols

 

and desi-

 

and nuts

-

Symbo!s and designation

 

gnations

 

of dimensions

 

of dimensions

( first revision

)

IS0

261

IS0 general

purpose

metric

 

IS

4218

i

Part

2 )

: 1976

ISO.metric

 

Technically

 

screw

 

threads -

General

plan

 

screw threads

: Part2 Diameter

pitch

equivalent

 

combinations

 

(.i’irst revision

)

IS0

262

 

IS0

general

purpose

metric

 

IS

12241

: ,I987

IS0

general

purpose

Identical

screw

 

threads

-

Selected

 

sizes for

metric

screw

threads

 

-

Selected

screws,

bolts

and nuts

sizes for screws,

bolts

and nuts

 

Clearance

holes

IS

1821

: 1987

Dimensions

 

forclear-

 

Identical

IS0 273 Fasteners’- ,.for bolts and screws

 

ante

holes

for

bolts

 

and

screws

 

( second

revision

)

IS0

965

-Al

IS0

general

 

purpose

 

HIS 4218

(.Part

i;

:

j

1976

IS.0 metric

Technicalh,

 

metric

 

screw

threads -

Tolerances

 

screw

threads

: Part

4 Tolerancing

 

equivalent

-

Part

1 : Principles

and basic

data

system

( first

revision

)

IS0

965-

 

2

IS0

general

 

purpose

 

IS

4218

(

Part

6 )

: 1978

IS0 metric

Technically

 

metric

 

screw

threads

-

Tolerances

 

screw threads

: Part 6 Ljmits

of sizes

equivalent

-

Part

2

: Limits

of sizes for,general

for commercial

‘bolts

and

nuts

( dia-

purpose

bolt

and

nut

threads

 

-

meter

range

1

to

52

mm

)

( first

Medium

 

quality

 

revision

)

IS0

6157

 

-

1

Fasteners

-

Surface

 

IS

1367

(

Part

9 )

: 1979

Technical

Technically

 

discontinuities - Part1 : Bolts,screws

 

supply

conditions

 

for threaded

steel

equivalent

and studs for general requirements.

fasteners

: Part

9 Su:face

discontinui-

 
 

ties

on

bolts,

 

screws

 

and

studs

 

( second

revision

)

IS0

6506

 

Metallic

materials

 

-

Hard-

 

IS

‘1500:

1983

Method

 

for

Brine11

Technically

equivalent

 

ness test

-

Brine11 test

 

hardness

 

test for

 

metallic

materials

 

( second

revision

)

IS0

6507

 

-

1

Metallic

materials

-

IS

1501

(

Part

1

)

:I984

 

Method

for

Technically

 

Hardness

test

-

Vickers test

 

-

Part

 

Vickers

hardness

 

test

for

metallic

equivalent

1:

HV5toHVlOO

 

materials:

 

Part

1

HV

 

5

to

HV

100

 

( second revision

)

iSO

6507

 

- 2

Metallic

materials

-

IS

1501

( Part

2 )

: 1984

Method

for

Technically

 

Hardness test -

Vickers

test - Part

 

Vickers

hardness

 

test

for

metallic

equivalent

2 : HV 0.2

to less than

HV 5

materials

: Part

2 HV 0.2

)

to

less than

 

HV 5 ( second

revision

 

IS0 6508

 

Metallic

materials

 

-

Hard-

 

!S

1586

: 1988

Method

 

for

Rockwell

Technically

 

ness

test -

Rockwell

test

-

Scales

hardness

 

test

for

metallic

material

equivalent

A,

8.

C, D, E. F. G. H.

K

 

( scales

A,

8,

C, D.

E. F, G,

H,

K )

IS0

6892

Metallic

materials

 

-Tensile

 

IS 1608

: 1972

Method

for tensile

test-

Technically

 

testing

 

ing of

steel

products

( first

revision

)

equivalent

The

concerned

technical

committee

 

has reviewed

the provisions

of

IS0

1

and

IS0

6157

-

3 referred

in

this

adopted

standard

and has decided

 

that they

are acceptable

 

for use in conjunction

with

 

this

standard.

 

The

related

Indian

Standard

to

IS0

1

is

IS

196

: 1966

‘Afmospheric

conditions

for

testing’.

 

ADDITIONAL

 

INFORMATION

 

The Indian

 

Standard

is a national

implementation

of

IS0

898

_ 1 :I988

as shown

only the English

text

has

been

reproduced.

If

the

French,

Bussian,

German,

Spanish is required,

reference

should

be

made

to

the

original

IS0

publication.

 
 

2

IS

1367

(

Part

3 )

: 1991

 

IS0

898

- 1:

1988

 

The property

class

symbol

consists

of

two

figures:

 

4

Materials

 

-

the

first

indicates

11100 of

 

the

nominal

 

tensile

strength

 

in newtons

per square

millimetre

lsee

R,

in

table

3);

Table

2 specifies

steels

for

the

different

property

classes

-

the second

figure

iridicstes

 

10 times

the

ratio.between

bolts,

screws

and studs.

 

lower

yield

stress

R,,

(or

proof

stress RpO,~)

and

nominal

 

tensile

strength

 

R,

lyieltl

sties

ratio).

 

The

multiplication

of

these

 

two

 

figures

will

give

1110

of

the

The minimum

tempering

temperatures

listed

in table

2 are

n

datory

for

property

 

classes

8.8

to

12.9

in

all

cases.

 

yield

stress

in newtons

per

square

 

millimetre.

   

Lotier

yield

stress ReL

(or proof

strek

R&

and minimum

ten-

The chemical

composition

 

limits

are mandatory

onlv

for

th

sile strength

 

R,

arc

equal

to wgreater

than

the

nominal

values

(see table

31.

fasteners

which

are

not

subject

to tensile

testing.

 
 

Table

1

-

System

of

coordinates

 

.

.- -

 

Minimum

 

dongation

ahe;

fracture.

14

 

A

min.,

%

 

Relationship

between yield stress and tensile *length

 

Second

figure

of symb?l

 

.6

.8

2

Lower yield stress Rep

-.

or proof stress Rpo,;’

x

ltw

%

60

60

9

 

Nohitial

tensile

strength

 

R,

11

Applies

onQ

to @lead

diameter

 

d

<

16

mm.

NOTE -

AtthoUgh a great

number of property classes are Specified

in this pa0

of ‘$0

898. this does not me&

that all classes are appropriare

 

items.

Further guidance for application of the specific property classes is given in :he relevant product standard:Far

non-standard

items. it is adu

to follow as/clqdy

 

as p&ble

 

the choice already made for similar standard items.

 
IS 1367( Part3):lSSl IS0 898 - 1 : 1988 Table 2 - Steels - Chemical composition
IS
1367(
Part3):lSSl
IS0
898
- 1 : 1988
Table
2
-
Steels
-
Chemical
composition
limits
T*mp&g
lcheck
analysis)
%
P,“P”RY
f*mpBrat”,e
Material
and
treatment
&SS
oc
c
P
s
min.
min.
max.
max:
max.
-.
3.6”
-
0.20
0.05
0.06
--
4.6”
--L-
0.55
0.05
0.06
4.8”
-- ._...
carbon
*feel
5.6
0.15
0.55
0.05
0.06
5.8”
0.55
0.05
0.06
6.8”
--
Carbon
steel
with
additives
(e.g.
Boron
or
Mn
or
Crl
0,153’
;
0.40
0,035
0,035
quenched
and
tempered
I
‘I
8.8*’
425
or
I
I
I
I
Carbon
*reel
quenched
and
tempered
0.25
0.55
0.035
0,035
--
Carbon
*lee1
with
additives
kg.
Boron
or
Mn
or
Cd
quenched
and
tempered
9.8
425
0‘
-
.-4””
Carbon
SW”,
quenched
and
tempered
---
Carbon
steel
with
additives
(e.g.
Boron
0,
Mn
0,
Crl
10.94’
340
--
-
-.
10.95’
425
--
12.95’.
61
Alloy
steel
quenched
and
tempered”
0.20
0.50
0.035
1
0.035
380
1,’
Free
cutting
steel
is allowed
for
lhese
“,““er,y
classes
wid,
the
following
maxim”m
sulfur.
“h”$“h”,us
and
lead
c”n,“nts:
s”lf”ro.34
%;
ph”Sph”r”S
0.11
%:
lead
0.35
%.
2,
For
nominal
diameters
above
20
mm
ih”
steels
s”ecilied
for
“‘““~rly
class
10.9
may
be
necessary
in
order
1” achieve
sufficient
hardenability.
3,
In
case
of
plairi
carbon
boron
alloyed
seeI
wkh
a carbon
conlent
Wow
0.25
%
(ladle
analysis,.
the
minimum
manganese
come”,
shall
bc
0.6
for
property
class
8.8
and
0.7
%
for
9.8
and
10.9.
41
P,“d”c:s
shall
be additionally
identi‘ied
by
underlining
the
~ymhol
O!
the
“,““e,ty
class.
,see
claush
91.
51
F”,
the
materials
of
these
property
classes,
it
is intended
that
there
should
be
a sufficient
hardenability
to
““SW”
a structure
con~ising
of approxi-
mately
90
%
manen~ib?
in
the
core
of
the
threaded
sections
for
the
tastene,~
in
the
“as-hardened”
condition
before
tempering.
6,
A metallog,aphically
detectable
white
“h”s”h”r”~~
enriched
layer
is “of
“ermitted
‘or
“roperry
class
12.9
on surlaces
subjected
to
fensi,”
stress.
71
Alloy
steel
shall
contain
one
or
more
of
the
alloying
elements
thromium,
nickel,
molybdenum
or
vanadium.
5

%

IS

1367

3 )

: 1991

IS0

898

( Part - 1 : 1988

5

Mechanical

properties

When

tested

by

the

methods

described

 

in

clause

 

8,

the

bolts,

~crew.~

and

studs

shall,

at

r~orn

temperature,

 

have

the

mechanice

De&S

set

out,in

table

3.

 

Table

3

-

Mechanical

 

properties

o+

bolts,

screws

and

studs

 

Sub-

Property

c,a**

 

c,*we

Mechanical

 

property

 

NO.

 

---.

 

5.1

and

Tenc.ile

strength,

R,,,4’,

51, N/mm2

 

5.2

 

-.-_

 

5:3

“icksrs

hardness,,H”.

 

F

>

98

N

 

max.

 
 

Brinkil hardness,

 

HB,

F

=

30

Dz

.-.min.

90,

,114

124

147

152

181

1

238

242

276

394

 

5.4

 

~max.

*

,238

..

304

1

318

342

361

.-

 

mtn.

HR8

52

I

I

67

171

1.79]~2.169:

 

-,

.-

-

-,:

 

5.5

Rockwell

hardness,

HR

--”

IHRC

22

23

28

32

 

HR8

99.5

-

-

-

_,

 

----

 

max

..

i?iz -.

32

34

37

3s

‘-

5.6

 

Surface

hardness,

H”

0.3

max.

61

 

-_

 

5.7

dower

yield

sires.

ReL”,

~/mm?

 

>-.L

169

240

320

300

400

480

-

-’

-

-

-

 

190

zso

Go.

300

420

480’

-

-

-

‘-

 

_

 

5.8

Proof

*tress,

Rs,2.

Nlrnd

 

-.----- “Orn.

-

......

-.-

840840

 

720

9’33

7

 

h”.

-

840

6eQ

720

 

5.9

5.10

5.11

5.12

5.13

5.14

11

For

0oils

uf proper:y

 

cla.%

8.8

in diameters

 

d

<

16

mm,

there

is an

increased

risk

of

nut

srripping

in

the

case

of inadvertent

over-tightening

in

ing

a

load

in excess

of

proofing

load.

Relerence

to

ISO

898.2

is ,ecommended.

 

31

Applies

 

only

to nominal

fhread

diameters

 

d

G

16

mm.

 

41

Minimum

tensile

properties

apply

to

products

of

nominal

length

!

‘z

2.5d.

Minimum

 

hardness

applies

twproducts

of

length

/

<

2.5d

and

c

products

which

cannot

be

tensile+st&d

 

(e.g.

due

to

head

configuration).

 

5)

Fa

resing

of

lulkire

bol!s.

screws

 

and

studs,

the

loads

given

in

tab&

6

to

9,shall

be

upplied.

 

61

Surlacc

 

hardness

shall

!?a1 be

more

than

!I0 Vicken

 

points

above

the

m&wed

core

hardness

 

on

the

product

when

readings

of

both

surface

core

are

carried

out

at

HV

0.3.

For

pmpeny

class

10.9,

 

any

increase

in hardness

at

the

surface

which

indicates

 

that

the

surface

hardness

exq

393

WV

is

““1

acccpka!c.

 

‘7)

In CSSBS where

the

lower

yield

stress

KeL cannot

be determined,

it

is permissible

to measure

 

the

proof

stress

R,,,,

_I~1lo” i

6

 

IS

1367

(

3 )

: 1991

IS0

898

-

Fart 1 : 1988

6

Mechanical

 

properties

to

be determined

 

Two

test programmer.,

A and

6, for mechanical

properties

of bolts,

screws

and studs,

using the methods

 

described

in clause6,

are set

out

in

table

5.

The application

 

of programme

6

is always

desirable,

but

is mandatory

for products

with

breaking

 

loads

less than

500

kN,

Programme

A is suitable

for

machined

test pieces

and

for

bolts

with

a shank

area

less than

the stress

area

 

Table

4

-

Key

to

test

programmes

(see table

5)

 

Bolts and screws with

fhread

 
 

Sk*

dimmer

d

>

4 mm

 
 

and length

 

I

>

2,5d

 

Test dtxkiw

 

for acceptance

 

1)

Also

bolts

and screws

with special

head or shank configurations

which are weaker

 

than the threaded

 

lection.

 
IS 1397 ( Part 3 ) : 1991 IS0 898 - 1: 1999 Table 5 -
IS
1397
(
Part
3 )
: 1991
IS0
898
-
1:
1999
Table
5
-
Test’programmes
A.and
B for
acceptance
purpos&s
(These
procedures
apply
10 mechanical
but
no,
chemical
properks.
-
Test
Programme
6
-- _.
-
Propeny
class
Property
*,a
Test
method
3.6,
8.8.
9.8
3.6,
4.6
8.8,
Test
method
4.6,
IQ:9
4.8,
6.6
10
5.6
12.9
j.8,
6.6
12
Tensile
,e*,
j
.
j
.
8.3
Hardness
1~3)
l
--A--- ..
-_
Wedge
loadir,g
.
.
8.5
testl,
--- ..
8.6
---
...
--*
Head
Sound,:.?**
a.7
,e*t
-
6.,4
Maximum
Oecarburization
.
Decarbuiiz*fi:,n
8.8
dewrburhed
zone
,eSt
,e*t
-
--- g.8
...
-
__.
-
__.._
,eS, R~,~pX~i”Q
.
Retempering
5.15
Minimum
tempering
temperature
8.9
8.9
test
-
_-
8,,.
Surface
integrity
l
l
8,,.
Surface
integrity
e
e
5.16
Surface
integrity
test
te*t
1)
If
the
wedge
loading
,e*,
is sa,i*f*c,ory,
the
axial
tewile
te*,
is
not
required
2)
Minimum
hardness
applies
only
to
products
of
nominal
length
I
c
2.5d
and
other
Product*
which
cannot
bc
tensile-tested
(e.g.
dus
to
configuration).
31
Hardness
may
be
Uckers.
Brinell
or
Rockwell.
!n
ca*e
of
doubt.
the
Vickers
hardness
te*f
is decisive
for
acceptance.
4)
Special
head
bolts
and
*cr*w*
with
configurations
which
are
weaker
than
the
threaded
section
*r*
excludt?d
from
wedge
t*n*il*
18
requrements.
51
Only
for
bolts.
*cr*w*
and
studs
with
thread
diameter*
d
>
16
mm
and
only
if required
by
the
,,urch**~r.
61
Only
properry
class
6.6.
71
Only
for
bolts
and
*crew*
with
thread
diameler*
d
<
16
mm
and
lengths
100
Short
10 permit
wedge
load
testing,
 

IS

7367

C Part

 

3

)

: 1991

IS0

 

898

-

1

:

1988

7

Minimum

ultimate

tensile

 

loads

and

proofing

 

loads

 

see isbleo 6,

7, 8 and 9

 
 

Table

6

-

Minimum

ultimate

tensile

loads

-

IS0

metric

coarse

pitch

thread

 
 

.__.._

 

--

-.

 

T

3

020

4

020

4

 

530

5230

 

4

070

5

420

6

100

7050

 

5

270

7

020

7900

~9130

 

8

520

11

350

12

 

800

14

ml

-2

ml

16

100

18

100

20

900

vi

3cm

23‘100

26

 

ooo

30

100

22

000

79200

32

 

900

38

10s

3:

*ccl

48

400

52

200

60

303

50

8%

87

4002

75

900

87

703

 

/

 

nom

92

0032

104

 

003

120

00.3

0,;

ooo

125

003’

14,003

163

eon

::‘iooo

159

cm

%(ww3

 

ii.‘/

0-m

203

CXJ

_.

 

255

000

182lXXl

252

Ooo

315

ocn

 

!

I

212

ox

293

Ooo

-

387

ooo

I

 

i93m

230

003

275

cc0

381

OKJ

-

477

m

 

1

23G”W

 

28000;

337

&xl

488

om

-

583cw

/

292rm

347003

 

418

Cc0

576

000

772

cc0

!

I

i

 

490

m

878

Cal

85occo

!

 

588cca

*lOCOO

 

020

co9

 

_L

-.-.

.L

 

Table

7

-

Proofing;

 

loads

-

IS0

metric

coarse

pitch

thread

 
 

SfreSS

T-

 
 

Thread”

area

 

~r.nom

 

2

 

mm

 

M3

5.03

910

1

130

1560

 

,410

j

 

1910

2

210

2

97.0

3

270

M3.5

6.78

1220

1 !m

 

2100

19w

i

2580

 

2980

3940

 

4

410

M4

8.78

1580

1980

2

720

2450

j

 

3

340

3860

5

100

6

710

M5

14.2

2560

3

ml

4402

 

3980

:

5400

 

‘3250

8

230

9

230

&I6

20.1

3

820

4

!i2O

8

230

5

630

8

840

11

SCQ

13

100

M7

28.9

5203

6

ii00

8

969

8

(MO

:?

700

18800

18

SW

M8

36.6

8

590

8

240

>8

100

21

200

23

 

800

MiO

58

1”

400

13

oco

25

500

33

7ca

37

700

NllZ

84.3

15

203

!9Oco

 

37

100

48

‘Jo0

54800

i1014

115

20

703

25

9w

50

803

68

700

74

 

SRI

M1G

157

28

3M

35

:ml

89

1w

91

cm

102Oml

 

Ml8

192

34

lx0

432w

e-4

503

115col

.

.

M20

245

44

loo

55

Too

108

Ox)

147

OCQ

M22

303

5t!ml

68200

 

133

ooo

182

oco

M24

353

63

!m

79

4100

155m

212Om

M27

459

82

693

103

ml

202

cm

275

000

M30

581

101

cc0

126!xM

 

247

Ooo

337cNJ

M33

694

125wO

 

156ma

305

m

416

wo

M38

817

147

m

154col

359

co3

4wcm

M39

978

178wJ

22OwO

 

303 /--I-,A

CO3

!

273

Ooo

;

371

Ooo

429cal

5ssocQ

IS

1367CPart3):1991

 

IS0

898

-

1

:

1988

 

Table

8

-

Minimum

 

ultimate

 

Thread

 

M8

Y

1

39.2

12

WI

157co

Ml0

Y

1

64.5

21

300

25 803

 

Ml2

Y

1.5

88.1

29

ml

35200

Ml4

x

1.5

125

41

*co

5occo

Ml6

x

1.5

167

55

lco

66800

MlE

x

1.6

216

713co

 

86403

Mm

x

1.5

272

898W

 

109cco

 

PA22

x

1.6

333

llOw0

 

133 cc0

 

MS?‘4 x

2

384

127

CO3

 

I54GOO

MT7

x

2

496

184cco

 

194 oco

M30

Y

*

621

205ooO

 

248cco

 

M33

x

2

761

251 cc0

3Mml

MI%

x

3

865

285 000

346coo

M33

x

3

1030

34OCOO

412 ooo

 

--

 

Table

9

-

Proofing

 

39.:

706a

I

M.!

11

603

I

Ea.

15

9co

I

125

22m

 

I

167

30

x0

I

216

33900

 

I

272

49

lx0

I

333

599m

 

I

384

69

1w

,

496

693ca

 

I

621

112cco

I

761

137

coo

865

156cco

 

I

1030

185

WO

 

-

tensile

loads

loads

-.

IS0

--

Prot

  • 11 oco y-

  • 18 ice

287W

35x0

/</