About Arabic Arabic is one of the six international languages, knowledge of which is very useful because of the political

and economic changes in the world today. Being the language of the Qur'an, it is also widely used throughout the Muslim World and used by more than 200 million people. It belongs to the Semitic group of languages which includes Hebrew and Amharic, the main language of Ethiopia. There are many Arabic dialects: Classical Arabic (the language of the Qur'an and preIslamic literature); Modern Standard Arabic (used in books, newspapers, on television and radio, in the mosques, and in conversation between educated Arabs from different countries) and Local dialects. Spoken Arabic varies from one region to the other causing communication blocks between Arabic speakers in different countries. For example, a North African Arab might not be able to talk easily with an Arab from the Gulf or Egypt. The diglossic nature of the language causes difficulties to foreign learners who are faced by the task of learning to read and write in the standard variety while they have to speak and understand their interlocutors in a different variety. Other reasons why learning Arabic is a challenge to many foreign students, is the wealth of words and the lack of cognates between Arabic and Indo-European languages, as well as the Arabic derivational root system. However, Arabic script is easily learned, and Arabic grammar is simple and logical. It is important and essential for Arabic learners to have a good command of Modern Standard Arabic as well as one of the dialects to become proficient in the language.

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