Term 1. Content validity 2.

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Definition u) A type of scoring which does not require the personal judgement of the examiner. n) In contrast to proficiency tests, these are directly related to language courses. Their purpose is to establish to what extend students have achieved the course objectives. There are two kinds: final achievement tests and progress achievement tests. m) A type of marking that assesses one candidate’s performance in relation to the cohort’s performance in that specific test. E.g. DELTA module 1 exam. q) Established when the test and the criterion are established at the same time. E.g. Allowing 30 minutes for a speaking test to provide speakers with the necessary time to cover all speaking skills listed in the criterion. v) The degree to which a test can provide information on candidate’s future ability and performance. E.g. how well a proficiency test could predict a candidate’s future performance at university. e) The effect of testing on teaching and learning, in particular, the teaching and learning on the course, not in real life! E.g. a multiple choice exam to test writing skills will take up lots of time preparing for the multiple-choice and not the teaching of writing skills in a course. d) Refers to the testing of one element at a time. This may take the form of a series of questions testing specific grammatical structures. o) A test is said to have this if its content constitutes a representative sample of the language, skills, structures with which it is meant to be concerned. These will depend on the purpose of the test. p) A test is said to have this if it looks like and tests what it is meant to. For example a test that is intended on testing pronunciation ability and does not involve a speaking element will not have this. h) A type of test that requires the taker to combine many different language elements in order to complete a task. k) A test intended on providing information that will help place the students’ level and assign students to different levels. c) Testing which is used to check on the progress of students to see how far they have mastered what they have learned.

3. Face validity

4.Concurrent validity

5.Predictive validity

6. Integrative tests

7.Subjective marking 8.Objective marking

9.Norm-referencing

10.Positive/negative backwash 11. Indirect tests 12. Diagnostic tests

13. Discrete-point j) A type of scoring which include the personal judgement of the testing examiner. 14. Direct tests 15. Placement tests b) A test designed to differentiate students in their ability and therefore suitability for a particular course, e.g. SAT tests in the US. r) At test that attempts to test the abilities that underlie a skill in which

the tester is interested. E.g. asking students to identify erroneous or inappropriate formal language in a range of examples. 16. Progress test 17. Barrier tests s) A type of test used to identify a learner’s strengths and weaknesses. They are used to ascertain what learning needs to take place. t) A question that requires a learner to provide a specific piece of information in order to complete it.

18. Achievement tests i) The inclusion of a wide range of question types in order to give the taker of an exam different conditions under which to prove his/her ability. 19: Proficiency tests 20. Open type a) Used at the end of a term, semester or course to measure what has been achieved by individuals and groups.

question k) A question that puts fewer restrictions on learners, who can choose the items with which they complete the question.

21. Closed question l) A test that is direct requires the taker to perform precisely the skill the type test wishes to measure. 22. Formative s) A type of test used to identify a learner’s strengths and weaknesses. assessment They are used to ascertain what learning needs to take place. 23. Sumative f) Designed to measure someone’s ability in a language regardless of assessment any training that they may have received previously and not based on the content of objectives of any course.

Key

1O 6H 11 R 16 W 21 T

2I 7J 12 S 17 B 22 C

3P 8U 13 D 18 N 23 A

4Q 9M 14 L 19 F

5V 10 E 15 K 20 K