SYLLABUS FOR POSTGRADUATE APPLIED BASIC SCIENCES: The MDS Course in Applied Basic Sciences shall vary according to the particular speciality, similarly the candidates shall also acquire adequate knowledge in other subjects related to their respective speciality. Applied Basic Sciences optional subjects: (i) Applied Anatomy (ii) Applied Physiology (iii) Applied Pathology Subjects related to different specialities: 1. Bio-statistics 2. Nutrition and Dietetics 3. Teaching and Testing Methodology 4. Research Methodology 5. Psychology and Practice Management 6. Comparative Anatomy 7. Genetics Growth and Development 8. Applied Chemistry including Metallurgy, Dental Materials. 1. PROSTHODONTICS AND CROWN & BRIDGE

GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE: • Training programme in Prosthetic dentistry including Crown & Bridge & Implantology is structured to achieve knowledge and skill in theoretical and clinical laboratory, attitude, communicative skills and ability to research with understanding of social, cultural, educational and environmental background of the society. To have acquired adequate knowledge and understanding of applied basic and systemic medical science, knowledge in general and particularly of head and neck. The postgraduates will be able to provide Prosthodontic therapy for patients with competence and working knowledge with understanding of applied medical, behavioral and clinical science, that are beyond the treatment skills of the general BDS graduate and MDS graduate of other specialities, to demonstrate evaluative and judgment skills in making appropriate decisions regarding prevention, treatment, after care and referral to deliver comprehensive care to patients.

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KNOWLEDGE: The candidate should possess knowledge of applied basic and systemic medical sciences. • On human anatomy, embryology, histology, applied in general and particularly to head and neck, Physiology & Biochemistry, Pathology and Microbiology, virology, health and diseases of various systems of the body (systemic) principles in surgery and medicine, pharmacology, nutrition, behavioral science, age changes, genetics, Immunology, Congenital defects and syndrome and Anthropology, Bioengineering, Bio-medical and Biological Principle and applications to Dental material science. • Ability to diagnose and planned treatment for patients requiring a Prosthodontic therapy • Ability to read and interpret a radiograph and other investigations for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment plan. Tooth and tooth surface restorations, Complete denture Prosthodontics, removable partial denture Prosthodontics, fixed prosthodontics and maxillofacial and Craniofacial Prosthodontics, implants and implant supported Prosthodontics, T.M.J. and occlusion, craniofacial esthetic, and biomaterials, craniofacial disorders, problems of psychogenic origin. • Age changes and Prosthodontic Therapy for the aged. • Ability to diagnose failed restoration and provide Prosthodontic therapy and after care. • Should have essential knowledge on ethics, laws and Jurisprudence and forensic odontology in Prosthodontics. • General health conditions and emergency as related to prosthodontics treatment.

• • • • • • • • • • • • Identify social, cultural, economic, environmental, educational and emotional determinants of the patient and consider them in planning the treatment. Identify cases, which are outside the area of his speciality/ competence and refer them to appropriate specialists. Advice regarding case management involving surgical, interim treatment etc. Competent specialization in team management of craniofacial design. To have acquired adequate knowledge and understanding of applied basic and systematic medical science knowledge in general and particular to head and neck. Should attend continuing education programmes, seminars and conferences related to Prosthodontics, thus updating himself. Teach and guide his/her team, colleague and other students. Should be able to use information technology tools and carry out research both basic and clinical, with the aims of publishing his/ her work and presenting his/her work at various scientific forums. Should have essential knowledge of personal hygiene, infection control, prevention of cross infection and safe disposal of waste, keeping in view the risks of transmission of Hepatitis and HIV. Should have an ability to plan to establish Prosthodontics clinic/hospital teaching department and practice management. Should have a sound knowledge for the application of pharmacology. Effects of drugs on oral tissue and systems of a body and for medically compromised patients. The postgraduates will be able to provide Prosthodontic therapy for patients with competence and working knowledge with understanding of applied medical behavioral and clinical science that are beyond the treatment skills of the general BDS graduate and MDS graduate of other specialities to demonstrate, evaluative and judgment skills in making appropriate decisions regarding prevention, treatment after care and referral to deliver comprehensive care to patients.

SKILLS: • • • The candidate should be able to examine the patients requiring Prosthodontics therapy, investigate the patient systemically, analyze the investigation results, radiography, diagnose the ailment, plan a treatment, communicate it with the patient and execute it. Understand the prevalence and prevention of diseases of craniomandibular system related to Prosthetic dentistry. The candidate should be able to restore lost functions of stomatognathic system namely mastication, speech, appearance and psychological comforts. By understanding biological, biomedical, bioengineering principles and systemic condition of the patient to provide a quality health care of the craniofacial region. The candidate should be able to interact with other speciality including medical speciality for a planned team management of patients for a craniofacial and oral acquired and congenital defects, temporomandibular joint syndromes, esthetics, Implant supported Prosthetics and problems of Psychogenic origin, Should be able to demonstrate the clinical competence necessary to carry out appropriate treatment at higher level of knowledge, training and practice skills currently available in their specialty area. Identify target diseases and awareness amongst the population for Prosthodontic therapy. Perform clinical and Laboratory procedure with understanding of biomaterials, tissue conditions related to prosthesis and have competent dexterity and skill for performing clinical and laboratory procedures in fixed, removable, implant, maxillofacial, TMJ and esthetics Prosthodontics. Laboratory technique management based on skills and knowledge of Dental Materials and dental equipment and instrument management. To understand demographic distribution and target diseases of Cranio mandibular region related to Prosthodontics.

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A minimum of 3 years of formal training through a graded system of education as specified will enable the trainee to achieve Masters Degree in Prosthodontics including Crown & Bridge and Implantology. Biomaterial Sciences. • Develop the ability to communicate with professional colleagues through various media like Internet. and etc. COMMUNICATIVE ABILITIES: Develop communication skills. e-mail. diagnose and treat with after care for all patients for control of diseases and / or treatment related syndromes with patient satisfaction for restoring functions of Stomatognathic system by Prosthodontic therapy The program out line addresses the knowledge. Willing to adopt new methods and techniques in prosthodontics from time to time based on scientific research. APPLIED BASIC SCIENCES: • • A thorough knowledge on the applied aspects of Anatomy. Biochemistry. Bio-engineering and Bio-medical and Research Methodology as related to Masters degree prosthodontics including crown & bridge and implantology • It is desirable to have adequate knowledge in Bio-statistics. congenital defects and Syndromes and Anthropology. Microbiology. Pharmacology. in particular. • Provide leadership and get the best out of his group in a congenial working atmosphere. Histology particularly to head and neck. procedural and operative skills needed in Masters Degree in Prosthodontics. to explain treatment option available in management. Physiology. Research Methodology and use of computers. The course content has been identified and categorized as Essential knowledge as given below. genetics. Dental Material Science. To develop necessary teaching skills in Prosthodontics including crown and bridge and Implantology. • The course includes epidemiology and demographic studies.3 ATTITUDES: • • • • Adopt ethical principles in all Prosthodontic practice. Nutrition. . age changes. Pathology. videoconference. Embryology. Prosthodontics including Crown and Bridge Implantology and Material Science. Health and systematic diseases principles in surgery medicine and Anesthesia. Virology. Treatment to be delivered irrespective of social status. • Should be able to communicate in simple understandable language with the patient and explain the principles of prosthodontics to the patient. He should be able to guide and counsel the patient with regard to various treatment modalities available. competently and have the necessary skills/ knowledge to update themselves with advancements in the field. COURSE CONTENTS: The candidates shall under go training for 3 academic years with satisfactory attendance of 80% for each year. to render the best possible treatment. ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: The topics to be considered are: Basic Sciences. Professional honesty and integrity are to be fostered. which is in patient’s best interest. Willing to share the knowledge and clinical experience with professional colleagues. Behavioral sciences. caste. research and teaching skills. creed or religion of patient. Respect patient’s rights and privileges including patients right to information and right to seek second opinion. • Ability to prevent.

brain. Endocrinal system including thyroid. tooth and its surrounding structures. fluid and electrolyte balance. teeth eruption. periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. control. muscles of neck and back including muscles of deglutition and tongue. bioethics and relationship to Orthodontic management. respiratory mucosa. artificial respiration. mastication. respiration. jaws. Normal occlusion. facial profile and facial skeletal system. comprehensive study of craniofacial biology. volume. root configuration. shock. palate. blood. occlusion and function. Brief considerations of V. pharynx. Histology of general and specific connective tissue including bone. Cranial and facial bones. and masticatory function. General physical growth. tongue. Anatomy of TMJ. joints. tooth-numbering system. Pulse. Mastication. Salivary glands and Histology of epithelial tissues including glands. The salivary glands. respiration. General consideration of the structure and function of the brain. lymphatic. Endocrine glands in particular reference to pituitary. posture and gait – planti gradee and ortho gradee posture. hypoxia. molecular basis of genetics. Paranasal sinuses. Dental Anatomy – Anatomy of primary and secondary dentition. psychological and pathological characteristic of major groups of developmental defects of the orofacial structures Cell biology – Detailed study of the structure and function of the mammalian cell with special emphasis on ultra structural features and molecular aspects. cartilage. VII. Comparative anatomy of skull. jaws. Esophagus. Deglutition. neuromuscular coordination. parathyroid and thyroid glands and sex hormones. capillary and lymphatic circulation. Development of oral and Para oral tissue including detailed aspects of tooth and dental hard tissue formation Growth & Development – Facial form and Facial growth and development overview of Dentofacial growth process and physiology from fetal period to maturity and old age. Applied Genetics and Heredity – Principles of orofacial genetics. Dentofacial anomalies. bone. muscles of mastication and facial expression. pulpal anatomy. blood groups and hemorrhage. counseling. hematopoietic system. bone. TMJ. arterial supply and venous drainage of the head and neck. changes in craniofacial skeletal. swallowing and deglutition mechanism. Histology of skin. anatomy of the Para nasal sinuses with relation to the Vth cranial nerve. dentin. trachea. XII. lymphoid etc. deglutition. Role of Vit. Homeostasis. cell-to-cell and cell. and circulation. Detailed structural and functional study of the oral dental and Para oral tissues. digestion and assimilation. APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY AND NUTRITION : Introduction. tongue. Pharynx. anatomy of Head and Neck in detail. salivary glands and Saliva . oral mucosa. Detailed consideration of Inter cellular junctions. Physiology and function of the masticatory system. relationship between development of the dentition and facial growth. functional and anatomical aspects of the head.4 APPLIED ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK: General Human Anatomy – Gross Anatomy. mechanism of articulation. cellular elements of blood vessels. muscles. TMJ and function. concept of occlusion. genetic risks. morphology. muscles of mastication and facial expression. nerves. A. Muscle and neural tissues. esophagus. root length. anoxia.extra cellular matrix interactions. Histology – histology of enamel. Larynx Trachea. Role of calcium and Vit D in growth and development of teeth. cranial nerves and autonomic nervous system of the head and neck. Blood pressure. tongue. asphyxia. Blood transfusion. connective tissue. larynx. Heart. bone and jaws. its movements and myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome Embryology – Development of the face. speech. Cementum. histology and biological consideration. Speech mechanism. development of occlusion in deciduous mixed and permanent dentitions. Functional Anatomy of mastication. XI. Anthropology & Evolution – Comparative study of tooth. C and B complex in oral mucosal and periodontal health. Salivary glands. Cell cycle and division. function. Anatomical. musculo – skeletal system. circulation. Blood composition. Salivary glands.

Spirochetes. adrenals. nerves and muscles in relation to the Oral cavity. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Haematinics. oxidation-reduction. count. repair and degeneration. balanced diet. Applied histo pathology and clinical pathology. R. diseases of pulp and periapical tissues. thrombosis. Ischemia. spread of tumors. normal and abnormal constituents. Allergy and hypersensitive reaction. Clostridia group of organisms. APPLIED NUTRITION: General principles. Metabolism of inorganic elements. Circulatory disturbances. such as osmotic pressure. staphylo. b) Laboratory determinations: Blood groups. Drugs acting on the central nervous system. transportation and utilization. Infection and infective granulomas. pneumo. Physiology of pain. Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy APPLIED PATHOLOGY : Inflammation. Dental caries. and minerals. Diet.B. Analgesics and antipyretics. Regressive changes of teeth. Physical and chemical injuries of the oral cavity. styptics. Bleeding and clotting time. Carcinogenesis. pancreas. tolerance and hypersensitive reactions. APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY: Immunity. and W. Diseases of the skin.B. Hormones. Enzymes. parathyroid. Bacterial. Analeptics and tranquilizers. Carbohydrates. Chemotherapeutics and antibiotics. leprosy. gonads. urine formation. Vitamins.C.5 ENDOCRINES: General principles of endocrine activity and disorders relating to pituitary. Physiology of saliva. D. Virology. Smears and cultures – urine analysis and culture . organisms of tuberculosis. Necrosis and gangrene. diet for elderly patients. insulin and other antidiabetics vitamins: A. Anti metabolites APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS: Definition of terminologies used – Dosage and mode of administration of drugs. Blood and other body fluids. effect of dietary deficiencies and starvation. including pregnancy and lactation. Neoplasm.C. hyperemia. proteins. viral and mycotic infections of oral cavity. thyroid. edema. sterilization and hospital waste management a) Applied Oral Pathology: Developmental disturbances of oral and Para oral structures. Detoxication in the body. B – complex group C and K etc. Drug addiction. gono and meningococci. general composition of the body. liquids and their metabolism. Diseases of the blood and blood forming organism in relation to the oral cavity. Local anesthetics. Sialogogues and antisialogogues. Periodontal diseases. intermediary metabolism. Action and fate of drugs in the body. Antiseptics. chronic venous congestion. ACTH. absorption. etc. diphtheria. actinomycosis and moniliasis etc. general anesthetics hypnotics. characteristics of benign and malignant tumors. blood matching. embolism and infarction. Cross infection control. digestion. knowledge of organisms commonly associated with diseases of the oral cavity (morphology cultural characteristics etc) of strepto. Cortisone. Classification of tumors. Antitubercular and anti syphilitic drugs. Neuromuscular co-ordination of the stomatognathic system. APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY: General principles governing the various biological activities of the body. oral manifestations of metabolic and endocrine disturbances. electrolytic dissociation.

aim characteristics and limitations of statistics. APPLIED SURGERY & ANESTHESIA: General principles of surgery. Correlation – Co-efficient and its significance. drug related emergencies. mode of median. somatic damage. for anesthesia. collection. Cranks. complication assist in O. surgical and radiological craniofacial oncology. temporomandibular joint radiograms. presentation of results. medico legal consideration. PLASTIC SURGERY: Applied understanding and assistance in programmes of plastic surgery for prosthodontics therapy. classification and presentation of data (Tables. sources. Correlation. Standard deviation and co-efficient of variation. Observation. Common bandages. resuscitation. scientific judgement. unconsciousness. respiratory distress. premaliation. Terminal.6 BIOSTATISTICS: Study of Biostatistics as applied to dentistry and research. preparation. planning of statistical experiments. premedication. radiation biology. . Logic of statistical interference balance judgements. radiation. judgement under uncertainty. hospital care. applied psychiatry. sampling.. Medical emergencies in the dental offices – Prevention. pictograms etc) Analysis of data INTRODUCTION TO BIOSTATISTICS: Scope and need for statistical application to biological data. Applied principles of radio therapy and after care. Definition of selected terms – scale of measurements related to statistics. Principles in speech therapy. chest pain. neck radiograms. inhibition. mean. altered consciousness. APPLIED MEDICINE: Systemic diseases and its influence on general health and oral and dental health. citation analysis as a Means of literature evaluation. etc. Binominal distributions normal distribution and Poisson distribution. grafts. adult and senior citizens. Assessment of case. Normal anatomical landmarks of teeth and jaws in radiograms. presentation of the statistical diagrams and graphs. APPLIED RADIOLOGY: Introduction. Abuses of Logic. background of radiation. child. influencing judgement : Lower forms of Rhetorical life. monitoring. authority. electrolyte balance. Tests of significance RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Understanding and evaluating dental research. Frequency curves. and management of ambulatory patients. Research Strategies. surgical techniques. hypothesis and causation. extubalin. problem with clinical judgement. Inexactitude. Quacks. Denigration. ROENTGENOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES: Intra oral: Extra oral roentgenography. Measurement and Errors of measurement. Experimentation and Experimental design. Methods of localization digital radiology and ultra sound. forming scientific judgements. Reliability. applied surgical ENT and ophthalmology. Methods of collecting data. cardiac arrest. anesthetic assistance. Sensitivity and specificity diagnosis test and measurement. clinical vs. wound healing. incision wound care. Definition. models. protection from primary and secondary radiation. bone surgeries. seizures. understanding to logic – inductive logic – analogy. splints. shifting of critically ill patients. the problem of contradictory evidence. sutures. Principles of X-ray production. prophylactic therapy. control of hemorrhage.T. genetic damage. scientific method and the behavior of scientists. nursing assistance. graphs.

sterilization. phonation and psychological comfort. systemic and oro and Craniofacial region and diagnosis and treatment plan and prognosis record maintaining. stability. mechanical and other physical property of all material used for the clinical and laboratory procedures in prosthodontic therapy. manipulations. records maintenance. occlusion rehabilitation and craniofacial esthetics. treatment plan.T. and treatment and laboratory procedures and after care and preventive. cross infection barrier – clinical and laboratory and hospital and lab waste management a) Edentulous Predicament. esthetics. behavioral. selection and positioning of teeth for retention. A comprehensive rehabilitation concept with pre prosthetic treatment plan including surgical Reevaluation and prosthodontic treatment plan. All clinical practice shall involve personal and social obligation of cross infection control. preventive and social aspects of science of Prosthodontics including Crown & Bridge and Implantology Theoretical knowledge and clinical practice shall include knowledge for laboratory practice and material science. mastication. Prosthodontic treatment for partially edentulous patients: . Students shall acquire knowledge and practice of history taking. • • • • • • • I. maxillofacial prosthesis. psychological well being of the patients for control of diseases and / or treatment related syndromes with the patient satisfaction and restoring function of Cranio mandibular system for a quality life of a patient The theoretical knowledge and clinical practice shall include principles involved for support. single complete denture. G. Biomechanics of the edentulous state. occlusion. treatment. Student shall acquire knowledge of testing biological. shelf life. impressions. TMJ syndromes. retention. esthetics. Support mechanism for the natural dentition and complete dentures. immediate complete denture. treatment modalities includes honorable accepted methods of diagnosis. State of the art clinical methods and materials for implants supported extra oral and intra oral prosthesis. Technical consideration. sterilization and waster management. behavioral and adaptive responses. Students shall be trained and practiced for all clinical procedures with an advanced knowledge of theory of principles. instruments. intra coronal and extra coronal precision attachments retained partial dentures. REMOVABLE PROSTHODONTICS AND IMPLANTS a. utility of face bow and articulators. management of failed restorations. terminology. Associated materials. . Complete Denture Prosthesis – Definitions. Functional and Para functional considerations. Boucher’s clinical dental terminology Scope of Prosthodontic – the Cranio Mandibular system and its functions. psychological. Prosthodontic treatment for completely edentulous patients – Complete denture. Understanding all applied aspects for achieving physical. Implant supported Prosthesis for completely edentulous b.. Fit and insertion and instruction for patients after care and preventive Prosthodontics. concepts and techniques of various honorably accepted methods and materials for Prosthodontics. Biological considerations. and laboratory procedures at a higher competence with accepted methods. tooth supported complete denture.7 APPLIED DENTAL MATERIAL: • • All materials used for treatment of craniofacial disorders – Clinical.P.Clasp-retained partial dentures. Temporomandibular joints changes. Prosthodontic treatment for edentulous patients: . stability. storage. the reasons for loss of teeth and methods of restorations. Esthetic. phonation. materials. Infection control. Students shall acquire full knowledge and practice Equipments. jaw relations. and laboratory materials. and waste management.Complete Dentures and Implant supported Prosthesis.

submerged vital roots. Non-coping abutments. radiography. etiology and management. climacteric. advantages and disadvantages. Wax contouring. residual ridge reduction. aging. lose of abutment teeth. over denture tooth attachments. Explanation to the patient. psychological changes. diagnostic casts. nutritional needs and status of older adults. setting of anterior teeth. discrepancies in jaw size. that preclude optimal prosthetic function – hyperplastic ridge – epulis fissuratum and papillomatosis. laboratory phase. nutritional deficiencies. altered taste perception. oral malignancies. flasking and boil out. Pharmacotherapy. cardiovascular. occlusal correction of the old prosthesis. conditioning of the patients musculature. oral prophylaxis and other treatment needs. ridge augmentation. Intra oral health – mucose membrane. pathological. neurological disorders. saliva. surgery and immediate denture insertion. soft tissue health. bone Biomechanical considerations – jaw relations. visual observation. Calcium and bone health. disadvantages. surgical templates. burning mouth syndrome. tooth modification. tooth supported complete dentures. prognosis and treatment identification data. prognosis and treatment planning – contributing history – patient’s history. Oral examinations. subsequent service for the patient on the immediate denture. masticatory ability and performance. ridge augmentation. i) Over dentures (tooth supported complete dentures) – indications and treatment planning. extra oral measurement. pathological and intra oral changes. nutritional status and masticatory functions. nutrition. measurement – sulci or fossae. alveolar ridges. relief of pressure on the mental foramen. preliminary impressions and diagnostic casts. Data collection and recording. skin and teeth. denture stomatitis. post operative care and patient instructions. dietary counseling and risk factor for malnutrition in patients with dentures and when teeth are extracted. border tissues. management of loose teeth. vitamin and herbal supplementation. tongue. final impressions and final casts two tray or sectional custom impression tray. Physical modalities. and Bio-behavioral modalities e) Nutrition Care for the denture wearing patient – Impact of dental status on food intake. f) Preparing patient for complete denture patients – Diagnosis and treatment planning for edentulous and partially edentulous patients – familiarity with patients. good nutrition. location of posterior limit and jaw relation records. hard tissue health – teeth. Interpreting diagnostic findings and treatment planning g) Pre prosthetic surgery – Improving the patients denture bearing areas and ridge relations: . referrals/adjunctive care. First extraction/surgical visit. Gastrointestinal functions. distribution and edentulism in old age. taste and smell. principles of perception. geriatric changes – physiologic. h) Immediate Denture – Advantages. implants or implant attachments. impact of age on edentulous mouth – Mucosa.8 b) Effects of aging of edentulous patients – aging population. custom trays. maxillary and Mandibular oral implants. use of drugs. health questionnaires and identification data. neuromuscular co-ordination. abutment with copings. medical status – systemic status with special reference to debilitating diseases. frenular attachments and pendulous maxillary tuberosities. social information. prognosis. d) Temporomandibular disorders in edentulous patients – Epidemiology. Bone. enlargement of denture bearing areas. processing and finishing. replacement of tooth roots with Osseo integrated denture implants. flabby ridge. contra indication. j) Single Dentures: Single Mandibular denture to oppose natural maxillary teeth. problem identification. selection of abutment teeth. preparations of the retained teeth. adaptability. traumatic Ulcers. gagging. surgical methods – Correction of conditions. diseases of the joint. disease of the skin. diagnosis treatment plan and prognosis. muscular development – muscle tone. denture irritation hyperplasia. mental health – mental attitude. abutments with attachments. single complete maxillary denture to oppose natural Mandibular teeth to oppose a partially . the vertical dimension of occlusion. setting the denture teeth / verifying jaw relations and the patient try in. vestibuloplasty. palpation. Specific observations – existing dentures. examination of existing prosthesis. Oral cancer in denture wearers. cheek and lips. jaw movements in old age. problem identification. palate and vestibular sulcus and dental health. corrections of congenital deformities. saliva.non surgical methods – rest for the denture supporting tissues. concern for personal appearance in old age c) Sequalae caused by wearing complete denture – the denture in the oral environment – Mucosal reactions.

Orientation / sagittal relation records. labial vestibule. support. custom tray. Maxillo – Mandibular relations – the centric. precision. General requirements of biomaterials for edentulous patients. what are the elements of effective communications. mylohyoid ridge. exploring and identifying the problem. harmony with sex. making the final impression. significance and requirement. shape of the supporting structure and factors that influence the form and size of the supporting bones. vertical dimension. preservation of the residual alveolar ridge. Materials prescribed in the management of edentulous patients Denture base materials. The inclinations and arrangement of teeth for aesthetics. preparing the tray to secure the final impression. rest position. crest of the residual ridge. interocclusal. partially edentulous Mandibular arch with removable partial dentures. stability. lingual border. and Functional activities of the lower member of the articulator and uses. a model of communication. interpreting and explaining the problem. neuromuscular regulation of Mandibular motion. principles and biological considerations and securing on articulators. aims and objectives – preservation. k) l) m) n) o) p) q) . retromylohyoid fossa. co-relating aesthetics and incisal guidance. impression making. Mandibular impressions – preliminary impressions. creating a facial and functional harmony with anterior teeth. posterior tooth selection. torus mandibularis. vibrating line.9 edentulous Mandibular arch with fixed prosthesis. offering a solution to the problem for mobilize their resources to operate most efficient way. establishment of posterior palatal seal. level of occlusal plane and recording of trail denture base. Temporomandibular joint. hard palate. boxing impression and making the casts Developing an analogue / substitute for the Mandibular denture bearing areaMandible – anatomy of supporting structure. final impressions. Fabrications of complete dentures – complete denture impressions – muscles of facial expressions and anatomical landmarks. torus palatinus. preliminary and final impressions. Anatomy of peripheral or limiting structure – labial vestibule. incisive foramen. why communication important. retention. The iatrosedative (doctor & act of making calm) recognizing and acknowledging the problem. personality and age of the patient. harmony of spaces of individual teeth position. Determining the horizontal jaw relation – Functional graphics. Maxillo mandibular relation and concepts of occlusion – Gnathology. Selecting and arranging artificial teeth and occlusion for the edentulous patient – anterior tooth selection. Articulators – Classification. requirement of prosthetic denture teeth. centric relation. custom tray and refining the custom tray. limitations. interpreting and explaining the problem. stability. occlusion. denture lining materials and tissue conditioners. Buccal vestibule. special significance of doctor / patient communication. recording methods – mechanical. offering a solution to the problem. Opposing existing complete dentures. centric relation records. Buccal vestibule. identification of shape and location of arch form – Mandibular and maxillary. materials used in the fabrication of prosthetic denture teeth. recognizing and acknowledging the problem. the envelope of motion. Mandibular movements. requirement of an ideal denture base. eccentric. mylohyoid muscle. chemical composition of denture base resins. Anatomy of peripheral or limiting structures. tactile or interocclusal check record method. necessity for retaining maxillary teeth and mental trauma. muscular involvements. preparing the tray\. refining. occlusion rim. Arbitrary / Hinge axis and face bow record. selection. maxillary tuberosity. aesthetics. sublingual gland region. alveolingual sulcus. shape of supporting structure. mental foramen. genial tubercles. The Try in – verifying vertical dimension. accuracy and sensitivity. doctor behavior. residual ridge. and retention. Art of communication in the management of the edentulous predicament – Communication – scope. cast metal alloys as denture. physiological. phonetics and mechanics – to concept of occlusion. bases – base metal alloys. and principles in arrangement of teeth. and factors governing position of teeth – horizontal. physiologic rest position. Biological and clinical considerations in making jaw relation records and transferring records from the patients to the articulator. Impression materials and techniques – need of 2 impressions the preliminary impression and final impression Developing an analogue / substitute for the maxillary denture bearing area – anatomy of supporting structures – mucous membrane. tests to determine vertical dimension of occlusion. Recording of Mandibular movements – influence of opposing tooth contacts. support. vertical. sharp spiny process. the Buccal shelf.

linguopalatal and linguoalveolar sounds. Components of RPD – major connector – mandibular and maxillary. design. clinical and surgical aspects of oral implants • Diagnosis and treatment planning • Radiological interpretation for selection of fixtures • Radiological interpretation for selection of fixtures • Splints for guidance fort surgical placement of fixtures • Intra oral plastic surgery • Guided bone and Tissue generation consideration for implants fixture. relative uniformity of retention. definition and terminology.Internal attachment. maintaining the comfort and health of the oral cavity in the rehabilitated edentulous patients. the basic principles of clasp design. finishing lines.requirements of an acceptable methods of classification. circumferential clasp. • Work authorization for implant supported prosthesis – definitive instructions. friends evaluation. extracoronal direct retainer. speech analysis and prosthetic considerations. labiodentals sounds. mastication with new dentures. u) Implant supported prosthesis for partially edentulous patients – Clinical and laboratory protocol: Implant supported prosthesis. speaking with new dentures. t) Implant supported Prosthesis for partially edentulous patients – Science of Osseo integration. laboratory remount procedures and selective. speech production and the roll of teeth and other oral structures – bilabial sounds. Scope. form and location of major and minor connectors. flasking and processing. interocclusal records for remounting procedures – verifying centric relation. minor connectors. delineation of responsibility. bar clasp. finishing and polishing. Applegate’s rules for applying the Kennedy classification b. elimination of basal surface errors. implant Prosthodontics for edentulous patients: current and future directions. interproximal Occlusal rest seats. canine extensions from Occlusal . managing problems and complications. lingual rests on canines and incisor teeth. functions. forms of indirect retainers. Critiquing the finished prosthesis – doctors evaluation. auditory characteristics. auxiliary Occlusal rest. criteria for selecting a given clasp design. special instructions to the patient – appearance with new denture. stabilizing – reciprocal clasp are. s) Waxing contouring and processing the dentures their fit and insertion and after care – laboratory procedure – wax contouring. linguoalveolar sound. Classification of partially edentulous arches . flexibility of clasp arms. eliminating occlusal errors.10 r) Speech considerations with complete dentures – speech production – structural and functional demands. acoustic characteristics. tissue stops. Twenty-four hours oral examination and treatment and preventive Prosthodontic – periodontic recall for oral examination 3 to 4 months intervals and yearly intervals. errors in occlusion. neuropsychological background. reaction of tissue to metallic coverage Rest and rest seats – from of the Occlusal rest and rest seat. factors influencing effectiveness of indirect retainers. patients evaluation. Prosthodontic treatment for partially edentulous patients – Removable partial Prosthodontics – a. Indirect Retainer – denture rotation about an axis. linguodental sounds. oral hygiene with dentures. Kennedy’s classification. legal aspects. internal Occlusal rests. • Peri-implant tissue and Management • Peri – implant and management • Maintenance and after care • Management of failed restoration. • Implants supported prosthesis for complete edentulism and partial edentulism • Occlusion for implants support prosthesis. combination clasp and other type of retainers. possible movements of partial dentures. speaking with new dentures. support for rests. incisal rest and rest seat. preserving of residual ridges and educational material for patients. articulatoric characteristics. clinical protocol for treatment with implant supported over dentures. managing problems and complications • Introduction and Historical Review • Biological. Direct retainer.

Methods for obtaining functional support for the distal extension base. internal clip attachments. . periodontal surgery. Education of patient Diagnosis and treatment planning Design. fractured occlusal rests. Final path of placement. available space for restoration. relining distal extension denture bases. choice of materials Preparation of Mouth for removable partial dentures – Oral surgical preparation. direct – indirect retention. measuring retention. making record bases. factors that determine path of placement and removal. l. modification areas. prospective surgical preparation. use of splint bar for denture support. thermoplastic materials. adjustment and servicing of the removable partial denture – adjustments to bearing surfaces of denture framework. abutment support. Repair by soldering. overlay abutment as support for a denture base. distortion or breakage of other components – major and minor connectors. Waxing the partial denture framework. m. Elastic materials. sequence of abutment preparations on sound enamel or existing restorations. differential diagnosis : fixed or removable partial dentures. Impression Materials and Procedures for Removable Partial Dentures – Rigid materials. adjustment of occlusion in harmony with natural and artificial dentition. Support for the Distal Extension Denture Base – Distal extension removable partial denture. polishing the denture. canine rests. secondary impression. stabilizing components. investing. j. analysis of occlusal factors. making a stone occlusal template from a functional occlusal record. essential of partial denture design. response of oral structure to previous stress. occlusion rims. systemic evaluation. instructions to the patient. type of teeth selection. treatment sequencing and mouth preparation Surveying – Description of dental surveyor. clasp design. need for indirect retention. Individual impression trays. ridge support. arbitrary blockout and relief. arch integrity. types of anterior teeth. shaped blockout. Repairs and additions to removable partial dentures – Broken clasp arms. choice between complete denture and removable partial dentures. processing the denture. patients past experience. c. splinting abutment teeth. fixed restorations.11 rests. utilization. purposes of surveying. n. Preparation of Abutment teeth – Classification of abutment teeth. Objectives of prosthodontic treatment. remounting and occlusal correction to an occlusal template. k. waxing and investing the partial denture before processing acrylic resin bases. periodontal considerations. casting and finishing of the partial denture framework. rugae support. Impressions of the partially edentulous arch. Initial placement. Diagnosis and treatment planning – Infection control and cross infection barriers – clinical and laboratory and hospital waste management. loss of an abutment tooth necessitating its replacement and making a new direct retainer. burnout. tooth tissue supported. endodontic treatment. Laboratory Procedures – Duplicating a stone cast. Other types of repairs. method of replacing single teeth or missing anterior teeth. h. Factors influencing the support of distal extension base. e. Blocking of master cast – paralleled blockout. caries activity. loss of a tooth or teeth not involved in the support or retention of the restoration. periodontal diagnosis. conditioning of abused and irritated tissues. Tooth supported. orthodontic treatment. arranging posterior teeth to an opposing cast or template. Recording relation of cast to surveyor. temporary crowns to be used as abutment. need for rebasing. tooth supported and tooth and tissue supported. need for abutment tooth modification. tooth morphology. components of partial denture design. control therapy. Principles of removable partial Denture design – bio mechanic considerations. g. preparation of diagnostic cast. periodontal conditions. radiographic interpretation. and the factors influence after mouth preparations – Occlusal relationship of remaining teeth. reduction of unfavorable tooth contours. Anatomic replica patterns. tooth support. d. Oral examination. type of major connector. Spruing. impression procedures and occlusion. o. follow – up services Relining and Rebasing the removable partial denture – Relining tooth supported dentures bases. f. need for determining the design of components. need for reshaping remaining teeth. orientation of Occlusal plane. continuous bar retainers and linguoplates. periodontal preparation – objectives of periodontal therapy. i. interpretation of examination data. conservative restoration< using crowns. Records. methods of reestablishing occlusion on a relined partial denture. Aims and objectives in surveying of diagnostic cast and master cast. Difference between tooth supported and tissue supported partial dentures. use of a component partial to gain support. guiding planes.

optimum oral health. solving severe arch malrelationship problems. Velopharyngeal function. Class II resection. splinting. restoring upper anterior teeth. definition. and management. transcranial radiography. temporomandibular joint. Psychodynamic interactions – clinician and patient – Cancer Chemotherapy: Oral Manifestations. soft palate. oral – teeth. relating treatment to diagnosis of internal derangements of TMJ. deep overbite problems. long centric. causes of deterioration of dental and oral health. patients desires and expectations and needs. OCCLUSION EVALUATION. requirements for occlusal stability. restoring upper posterior teeth. class I resection. Dental manifestations and dental treatment: Etiology. mandibular prosthesis. Craniofacial Osseo integration. connectors. Preparation of diagnostic cast. understanding and diagnosing intra articular problems. maxillofacial trauma. Procedural steps in restoring occlusions. III. II. solving occlusal problems through programmed treatment planning. systemic and emotional health. treatment and rehabilitation (restoration) – Acquired defects of the mandible. acquired defects of hard palate. available tooth • . Obturators. Removable partial denture considerations in maxillofacial prosthetics – Maxillofacial prosthetics. muscles of mastication. irregular. palatal lifts. treatment planning. Lip and cheek support prosthesis. MAXILLOFACIAL REHABILITATION: Scope. anterior guidance. Crowded. the stomatognathic system. trismus appliances. restoring lower anterior teeth. endodontics considerations. classification and principles. Pankeymann-schuyler philosophy of complete occlusal rehabilitation. vertical dimension. framework design. Nasal stents. Implant rehabilitation of the mandible compromise by radiotherapy. speech aids. the neutral zone. custom prosthesis for lagophthalomos of the eye.FIXED PROSTHODONTICS Scope. work authorization. Esophageal prosthesis. terminology. Material and laboratory procedures for maxillofacial prosthesis. Restoration of speech. Diagnosis and treatment planning – patients history and interview. cross bite patient. neuro – muscular. pier abutments. Occlusal splints. physiological. solving – occlusal wear problems. Behavioral and psychological issues in Head and neck cancer. postoperative care of occlusal therapy. Complications. mandibular flange prosthesis. Laryngectomy aids. jaw relation record q. terminology. Vaginal radiation carrier. Selecting instruments for occlusal diagnosis and treatment. psychological. Facial defects. or interlocking anterior bite. anterior open bite problems. the functions of Cranio mandibular system. abutment selection – bone support. anterior overjet problems. design considerations. Bruxism. the occlusal plane. cranial implants. Treating – end to end occlusion. cross infection control and hospital waste management. Anatomical. differential diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders. definitions. Obstructive sleep apnoea. intra oral and extra oral and facial musculatures. mouth controlled devices for assisting the handicapped. using Cephalometric for occlusal analysis. splayed anterior teeth. restoring lower posterior teeth. occlusal stability. Radiation therapy of head and neck tumors: Oral effects. selection of abutments. mechanical and biological considerations of components – Retainers. intra oral prosthesis. determining the type of posterior occlusal contours. clinical management of edentulous and partially edentulous maxillectomy patients. Osseo integrated supported facial and maxillofacial prosthesis. Prosthodontic treatment. work authorization. Occlusal therapy. Aesthetics. centric relation. functional harmony. Tongue prosthesis. Burn stents. functionally generated path techniques for recording border movements intra orally. palatal augmentations. definitions and terminology. anatomic harmony. clinical examinations – head and neck. maxillary prosthesis. occlusal and periodontal. splinting. methods for determining the plane of occlusion. cleft lip and palate. occlusal equilibration. pontics. considerations of teeth. mounting casts. radiographic interpretation. DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF OCCLUSAL PROBLEMS: Scope. for cantilever. Auditory inserts. design. root proximities and inclinations.12 p. Resin bonding for maxillofacial prosthesis. Management of failed restorations and work authorization. IV.

and Temporomandibular joint and its function. Biomechanical principle of tooth preparations – individual tooth preparations Complete metal Crowns – P. Gold and gold alloys. Trigeminal neuralgia. use and care of occlusal splints. goals of occlusal adjustment. pin–ledge. Nerve entrapment process.C. Temporal arteritis • Occlusal splint therapy – construction and fitting of occlusal splints. dicor crowns. radiographic interpretations of Periodontia. removal carious. caries control. physiologic – endogenous control. onlays and preparations for restoration of teeth–amalgam. Growth changes. inflammatory diseases. TMJ – Temporomandibular terminology joint dysfunction – Scope. TMJ and muscles mastication and comprehensive planning and prognosis. Tumors. occlusal trauma. pulp. inlays. Orthognathic surgery. fronional half. occlusal adjustment philosophies. infectious arthritis. gingival embrasures. occlusal contact scheme. porcelain jacket crowns partial 3/4. All porcelain – Cerestore crowns. jaw manipulation and other physiotherapy or irreversible therapy – occlusal repositioning appliances. gingivitis.. Occlusal equilibration. periodontal splinting – Fixed prosthodontics with periodontially compromised dentitions. Psychopathological considerations. acupuncture analgesia.. occlusal splints and general muscles performance. gingival/periodontal prosthesis. incerem etc. trauma. Radiographic imaging • Etiology. restorations. ligaments. laboratory support for fixed Prosthodontics. Placebo effects on analgesia. clinical procedures for occlusal adjustment. special nature of orofacial pain. prevention of caries. diagnosis and cranio mandibular pain. jaw exercises. Synovial chondromatosis. Occlusion. Hyper mobility and dislocation. material selection. reconstruction measure for compromising teeth – retentive pins. fixed and removable prosthodontic treatment and occlusal adjustment. definitions. therapeutic effects of occlusal splints. and pain from the temporomandibular joint region. glass Ionomer. TMJ pain – psycho logic. provisional restoration. prevention of root caries and vaccine for caries. protection of pulp. radicular 7/8. recording and transferring of occlusal relations. • Occlusal adjustment procedures – Reversible – occlusal stabilization splints and physical therapies. Indication for occlusal adjustment. intraoral. glass Ionomer and composite resins. temporomandibular joint disorders Anatomy related. periodontal pockets attached gingiva. Resins. mandibular position. Osteochondrrosis disease. Resin Bond retainers. dentin. Gingival marginal preparations – Design. laminates. telescopic. impression materials and techniques. placement of margin restorations. Restorations of endodontically treated teeth.F. and biological and mechanical considerations – intracoronal retainer and precision attachments – custom made and ready made Isolation and fluid control – Rubber dam applications. Management of Carious teeth – caries in aged. periodontitis. cementing of restorations. marginal lesion. differential diagnosis and management of orofacial pain – pain from teeth.13 structures and crown morphology. muscle pain. tissue dilation – soft tissue management for cast restoration. orthodontic treatment. significance of a slide in centric. Orofacial pain. disc displacement. excursive guidance. Indication for occlusal adjustment. management of occlusal splints. Stomatognathic management Management of failed restorations • • • • • • • Dysfunction and Osseo integrated supported fixed Prosthodontics – Osseo integrated supported and tooth supported fixed Prosthodontics V. interocclusal records. temporomandibular joint dysfunction. . Preclinical procedures. horizontal slots. Osteoarthrosis/Osteoarthritis. Eagle’s syndrome (Styloid – stylohyoid syndrome). articulators. retention grooves. removable prosthodontic treatment and occlusal adjustment. interdental papilla. temporomandibular joint sounds. TMJ joint uploading and anterior repositioning appliances. special nature of orofacial pain. Microbiological aspect of periodontal diseases. diet. Ostonecrosis. Periodontal considerations – attachment units.

9. period-ontology. The trainees shall also be encouraged to attend such programmes conducted elsewhere. biological. marginal fit. the clinical and laboratory aspects. size. oral surgery. and ridge contours. 8. All trainees are expected to participate actively and enter relevant details in logbook. Bio-phonetics and all treatment should be carried out in more number for developing clinical skill 1. dental components. esthetic restoration of smile. Lectures: There shall be didactic lectures both in the speciality and in the allied fields. . anatomy. 5. bio-esthetics. occlusal loading and clinical aspect in bio esthetic aspects. contact point. Continuing dental Education programmes: Each Postgraduate department shall organize these programmes on regular basis involving the other institutions. oral medicine and radiology. TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES: All the candidates registered for MDS course shall pursue the course for a period of three years as full – time students. Seminars: The seminars shall be held at least twice a week in the department. mastication. Esthetic management of the dentogingival unit. perioral anatomy and muscle retaining exercises Smile – classification and smile components. Teaching skills: All the trainees shall be encouraged to take part in undergraduate teaching programmes either in the form of lectures or group discussions Evaluation skills: All the trainees shall be encouraged to enhance their skills and knowledge in clinical. form. AESTHETIC SCOPE. inclinations. 12. Workshops: It is recommended to hold workshops on topics covering multiple disciplines one in each academic year. Symposium: It is recommended to hold symposium on topics covering multiple disciplines one in each academic year. DEFINITIONS : Morpho psychology and esthetics. Periodontal esthetics. gingival components and physical components. Each trainee shall make at least 5-seminar presentation in each year. radiological and histo-pathological interpretations and participation in the discussions. all trainees associated with postgraduate teaching are expected to participate actively and enter relevant details in logbook. 10. smile design. Interdepartmental Meetings: To bring in more integration among various specialities there shall be interdepartmental meeting chaired by the dean with all heads of postgraduate departments atleast once a month. Restorations – Tooth colored restorative materials.14 VI. Clinical Postings: Each trainee shall work in the clinics on regular basis to acquire adequate professional skills and competency in managing various cases to be treated by a specialist Clinico Pathological Conference: The Clinico pathological conferences should be held once in a month involving the faculties of oral biology. The trainees should be encouraged to present the clinical details. It is also desirable to have certain integrated lectures by multidisciplinary teams on selected topics Journal club: The journal review meetings shall be held at least once a week. structural esthetic rules – facial components. Esthetics and its relationship to function – Crown morphology. oral pathology. The postgraduate departments should encourage the guest lectures in the required areas to strengthen the training programmes. Each trainee should make presentations from the allotted journal of selected articles at least 5 times in a year. embrasures. endodontia and concerned clinical department. 2. 3. Rural oriented prosthodontics health care – To carry out a prosthodontic therapy interacting with rural centers and the institution. Prosthodontic treatment should be practiced by developing skills by teaching various and more number of patients to establish skill for diagnose and treatment and after care with bio-mechanical. During this period each student shall take part actively in learning and teaching activities designed by the Institution/ University. color. 4. 6. intraoral materials for management of gingival contours. shape. 7. laboratory practice including theory by formulating question banks and model answers. 11. Physical and physiologic characteristic and muscular activities of facial muscle. The following teaching and learning activities in each speciality. physiology of occlusion.

Diagnosis and treatment planning for implant prosthesis.P. didactics lectures Evaluation – Internal Assessment examinations III YEAR M.P. Practice of child and geriatric prosthodontics Participation and presentation in seminars. Fabrication of Adequate number of complete denture prosthesis following. Understanding the use of the dental surveyor and its application in diagnosis and treatment plan in R.15 13. and research tools in Prosthodontics. Participation and presentation in seminars. Short epidemiological study relevant to Prosthodontics.D.D. higher clinical approach by utilizing semi-adjustable articulators.S. Acquiring confidence by clinical practice with sufficient numbers of patients requiring tooth and tooth surface restorations. didactic lectures Evaluation – Internal Assessment examinations on Applied subjects II YEAR M.S • Clinical and laboratory practice continued from IInd year . Selection of cases and principles in treatment of partially or complete edentulous patients by implant supported prosthesis. Ist stage and IInd stage implant surgery Understanding the maxillofacial Prosthodontics Treating craniofacial defects Management of orofacial defects Prosthetic management of TMJ syndrome Occlusal rehabilitation Management of failed restoration Prosthodontics Management of patient with psychogenic disorder. Rotational posting in other Departments: To bring in more integration between the speciality and allied fields each post graduate department shall workout a programme to rotate the trainees in related disciplines and craniofacial and maxillofacial ward. Treating single edentulous arch situation by implant supported prosthesis. equipment.D. I YEAR M.D.P.D. covering all partially edentulous situation Adequate number of Crowns. 15. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Acquiring confidence in obtaining various phases and techniques for providing Prosthodontic therapy. • • • • • • • • • Theoretical exposure of all applied sciences of study Clinical and non-clinical exercises involved in Prosthodontics therapy for assessment and acquiring higher competence Commencement of Library Assignment within six months. To acquire knowledge of Dental Material Science – Biological and biomechanical & bio-esthetics. 14. face bow and graphic tracing. knowledge of using material in laboratory and clinics including testing methods for dental materials. Dissertation: Trainees shall prepare a dissertation based on the clinical or laboratory experimental work or any other study conducted by them under the supervision of the post graduate guide.D. Inlays. journals and website for the purpose of gaining knowledge and reference – in the fields of Prosthodontics including Crown & bridge and implantology Acquire knowledge of instruments. journals and referrals to acquire knowledge of published books.S. Conferences/Workshops/Advanced courses: The trainees shall be encouraged not only to attend conference/workshops/advance courses but also to present atleast two papers at state/national speciality meeting during their training period. covering all clinical situation. laminates F. Acquaintance with books. Adequate numbers of R.

½ crowns Pin-ledge Radicular crowns Full crowns 3. Complete edentulism and for craniofacial rehabilitation Failures in all aspects of Prosthodontics and its management and after care Team management for esthetics. Tooth and tooth surface restorations Fillings Veneers – composites and ceramics Inlays. symposium. TMJ syndrome and Maxillofacial and Craniofacial Prosthodontics Management of Prosthodontics emergencies. Participation and presentation in seminars. This includes the practice management. maxillofacial and body prosthesis. 7/8th. Diagnosis and treatment plan in prosthodontics 2. didactic lectures Evaluation – Internal Assessment examinations three months before University examinations • • • • • • PROSTHODONTIC TREATMENT MODALITIES 1. ceramic and alloys Onlay – composite.D. occlusal disorders and TMJ functions. Implants Prosthodontics – Rehabilitation of Partial Edentulous. oral and facial esthetics The clinical practice of all aspects of Prosthodontic therapy for elderly patients. clinical and laboratory techniques materials and instrumentation requiring different aspects of prosthodontic therapy. communication with patients. Tooth replacements PARTIAL Fixed partial denture Interim partial denture Intermediate partial denture Cast partial denture Precision attachment Cement retained Screw retained Clip attachment Screw retained Cement retained Dowel and core Pin retained COMPLETE Overdenture Complete denture Immediate denture Immediate complete denture Overdenture • • • • • • Tooth supported Tissue supported Tooth and tissue Supported Implant supported Bar attachment Ball attachment Tooth and implant Supported Root supported Overdenture • Precision attachments Intra coronal attachments . examinations. ceramic and alloys Partial crowns – ¾ th. resuscitation. splints for periodontal rehabilitations and fractured jaws. R. treatment planning.16 • • • • • • • • Occlusion equilibration procedures – fabrication of stabilizing splint for parafunctional disorders. 4/5th. Prosthetic management of TMJ syndrome Management of failed restorations Complete and submit Library Assignment 6 months prior to examination. Immediate dentures over dentures implant supported prosthesis. Candidate should complete the course by attending by large number and variety of patients to master the prosthodontic therapy. occlusal rehabilitation. Candidates should acquire complete theoretical and clinical knowledge through seminars. Restoration of root treated teeth. Practice of dental. complete dentures. FPD.P.composite. workshops and reading. Tooth and Tooth surface restoration.

papers. Questionnaires b.Diagnostic . Cleft lip and palate b. Malformed teeth cast partial dentures implant supported prosthesis complete dentures fixed partial dentures B. Auditory inserts p. Posterior bite plate e. Occlusal rehabilitation 6. Patient counseling f. Bite raising appliances f. Occlusal equilibration b. Esthetic/Smile designing a. Acquired defects a. Speech and Velopharyngeal prosthesis j. Team management 7. Trismus appliances 5. Charts. Laryngectomy aids k. Case reports e. Tooth contouring (peg laterals. Hemimandibulectomy cast partial denture f. Psychological therapy a. Lip and cheek support prosthesis complete dentures h. Ocular prosthesis i.facial and Cranio-facial prosthesis) A. Tongue prosthesis n. Restoration of maxillofacial trauma e. Nasal stents m. Pierre Robin Syndrome c. Esophageal prosthesis l. Anterior bite plate d. Tooth and tissue defects (Maxillo. Laminates / Veneers b.M. Tooth replacements d. Oligodontia g. Congenital Defects a. Hemifacial microsomia e. Maxillectomy implant supported dentures g. Burn stents o. Ectodermal dysplasia d. Head and neck cancer patients – prosthodontic splints and stents b. Splints .Repositioners / Deprogrammers c.17 • • • Extra coronal attachments Bar – slide attachments Joints and hinge joint attachments 4. malformed teeth) c. photographs c. Models d. T. Behavioral modifications . Midfacial defects d. Anodontia f. Restoration of facial defects – Auricular prosthesis – Nasal prosthesis – Orbital prosthesis – Craniofacial implants c.J and Occlusal disturbances a.

Arrangements in adjustable articulator for • Class I • Class II • Class III 2. Acrylisation on metal frameworks for Class I Class III with modification III. Fixed Partial Denture 1. Complete dentures 1. Referrals The bench work should be completed before the clinical work starts during the first year of the MDS Course I. Fixed Prosthodontics e. Casting and finishing of metal frameworks 5. V • Onlay – Pin ledged. Class II c. Class III d. Fabrication of wax pattern by drop wax build up technique . II. Class IV 2. Maxillofacial Prosthodontics g. Behavioral and psychological counseling c. Class IV 4. Wax pattern on refractory cast a. Class III d. Psychological and physiological considerations 9.18 g. block out and design) a. Preventive measures a. premolar and central) • 7/8th posterior • Proximal half crown • Inlay – Class I. Class I b. Removable partial denture 1. Designing of various components of RPD 3. pinhole • Laminates 2. Removable Prosthodontics d. Referrals 8. Preparation in ivory teeth / natural teeth • FVC for metal • FVC for ceramic • Porcelain jacket crown • Acrylic jacket crown • PFM crown • 3/4th (canine. Class I b. Prosthodontics for the elderly b. Class II c. Preparation of different die system 3. Geriatric Prosthodontics a. Implant supported Prosthodontics f. Processing of characterized anatomical denture II. Various face bow transfer to adjustable articulators 3. Design for Kennedy’s Classification (Survey. Diet and nutrition modulation and counseling b.

6. 7. Other exercises 1. 5. 8. Body 6. Obturator V. Nose 4. TMJ splints – stabilization appliances. Maxillofacial prosthesis 1. Finger prosthesis 10. Implant supported prosthesis 1. Step by step procedures – laboratory phase VI. Maxillectomy 8. maxillary and Mandibular repositioning appliances . Ear 3. IV. Guiding flange 11. Face 5. Hemimandibulectomy 9. Eye 2. Cranial 7.19 • Wax in increments to produce wax coping over dies of tooth preparations on substructures • Wax additive technique • 3-unit wax pattern (maxillary and Mandibular) • Full mouth Pontic design in wax pattern • Ridge lap • Sanitary • Modified ridge lap • Modified sanitary • Spheroidal or conical Fabrication of metal framework • Full metal bridge for posterior (3 units) • Coping for anterior (3 unit) • Full metal with acrylic facing • Full metal with ceramic facing • Adhesive bridge for anterior • Coping for metal margin ceramic crown • Pin ledge crown Fabrication of crowns • All ceramic crowns with characterisation • Metal ceramic crowns with characterisation • Full metal crown • Precious metal crown • Post and core Laminates • Composites with characterisation • Ceramic with characterisation • Acrylic Preparation for composites • Laminates • Crown • Inlay • Onlay • Class I • Class II • Class III • Class IV • Fractured anterior tooth 4.

9. 8.20 2. onlays c) Glass Ionomer CROWNS FVC for metal FVC for ceramic Precious metal crown Galvanoformed crown 3/4th crowns (premolars. lateral. 7. 5. 4. 10. ceramic build up) TMJ appliances – stabilization appliances ESSENTIAL SKILLS: *Key O – Washes up and observes A – Assists a senior PA – Performs procedure under the direct supervision of a senior specialist PI – Performs independently PROCEDURE Tooth and tooth surface restoration a) Composites – fillings. canines and centrals) 7/8th posterior crown Proximal half crown Pinledge and pinhole crowns Telescopic crowns Intraradicular crowns (central. 3. and molar) Crown as implant supported prosthesis FIXED PARTIAL DENTURES Cast porcelain (3 unit) Cast metal – precious and non precious (3 unit posterior) Porcelain fused metal (anterior and posterior) Multiple abutment – maxillary and Mandibular full arch Incorporation of custom made and ready made precision joint or attachments Adhesive bridge for anterior/posterior Metal fused to resin anterior FPD Interim provisional restorations (crowns and FPDs) Immediate fixed partial dentures (interim) Fixed prosthesis as a retention and rehabilitation for acquired and congenital defects – maxillofacial prosthetics Implant supported prosthesis Implant – tooth supported prosthesis REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURE Provisional partial denture prosthesis Cast removable partial denture (for Kennedy’s Applegate classification with modification) Removable bridge with precision attachments and telescopic crowns for anterior and posterior Immediate RPD Partial denture for medically compromised and handicapped CATEGORY O A 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 PA 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 PI 10 10 10 10 10 5 1 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 4 10 5 10 5 5 1 1 10 6 4 5 5 . 6. inlays. Anterior disclusion appliances Chrome cobalt and acrylic resin stabilization appliances Modification in accommodation in irregularities in dentures Occlusal splint Periodontal splint Precision attachments – custom made Over denture coping Full mouth rehabilitation (by drop wax technique. canine. laminates. inlay. onlay b) Ceramics – laminates. premolar.

crowns. jaws TMJ supportive and treatment prosthesis Stabilization appliances for maxilla and mandible with freedom to move from IP to CRCP In IP without the freedom to move to CRCP Repositioning appliances. removable prosthesis IMPLANT SUPPORTED COMPLETE PROSTHESIS Implant supported complete prosthesis (maxillary and Mandibular) MAXILLOFACIAL PROSTHESIS Guiding flange and obturators Speech and palatal lift prosthesis Eye prosthesis Ear prosthesis Nose prosthesis Face prosthesis Maxillectomy Hemimandibulectomy Cranioplasty Finger/ hand. anterior disclusion Chrome cobalt and acrylic resin stabilization appliances for modification to accommodate for the irregularities in the dentition Occlusal adjustment and occlusal equilibrium FULL MOUTH REHABILITATION Full mouth rehabilitation – restoration of esthetics and function of stomatognathic system INTER-DISCIPLINARY TREATMENT MODALITIES Inter-disciplinary management – restoration of Oro craniofacial defects for esthetics. ridge form and ridge size) Complete dentures for patients with TMJsyndromes Complete dentures for medically compromised and handicapped patients GERIATRIC PATIENTS Tooth and tooth surface restorations. teeth. scars TMJ SYNDROME MANAGEMENT Splints – periodontal.21 patients COMPLETE DENTURES Neurocentric occlusion & characterized prosthesis Anatomic characterized prosthesis (by using semi adjustable articulator) Single dentures Overlay dentures Interim complete dentures as a treatment prosthesis for abused denture supporting tissues Complete denture prosthesis (for abnormal ridge relation. foot Body prosthesis Management of burns. mastication and psychological comforts MANAGEMENT OF FAILED RESTORATION Tooth and tooth surface restorations Removable prosthesis Crowns and fixed prosthesis Maxillofacial prosthesis Implant supported prosthesis Occlusal rehabilitation and TMJ syndrome - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 25 5 5 5 5 5 5 - - 1 5 - - 1 1 - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - 4 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 2 - - 1 1 4 4 - - 1 2 - - - 5 10 5 2 1 2 . fixed prosthesis. phonation.

Taste – Taste buds. Cardiovascular system a. primary taste sensation & pathways for sensation BIOCHEMISTRY: 1. role in periodontal disease d. Maxillae and Mandible Nerves of Periodontics Tongue. Respiratory system – Acknowledge of the respiratory diseases which are a cause of periodontal diseases (periodontal Medicine) 3. Shock 4. oropharynx Muscles of mastication 5. Pain pathways b. 5. 6. Family planning methods 6. Basics of carbohydrates. Gastrointestinal system a.22 Restoration failure of psychogenic origin Restoration failure to age changes 2. vitamins. infarction and hypertension Disturbances of nutrition Diabetes mellitus Cellular growth and differentiation. PHYSIOLOGY: 1. Endocrinology – hormonal influences on Periodontium 5. 4. hemorrhage. Hormones – Actions and regulations. Cell structure and metabolism Inflammation and repair. 2. Blood pressure b. proteins. 3. regulation Lab investigations . Development of the Periodontium Micro and Macro structural anatomy and biology of the periodontal tissues Age changes in the periodontal tissues Anatomy of the Periodontium • Macroscopic and microscopic anatomy • Blood supply of the Periodontium • Lymphatic system of the Periodontium • Nerves of the Periodontium Temporomandibular joint. 2. enzymes and minerals Diet and nutrition and periodontium Biochemical tests and their significance Calcium and phosphorus PATHOLOGY: 1. PERIODONTOLOGY 5 2 COURSE CONTENTS: APPLIED ANATOMY: 1. 3. Salivary secretion – composition. 3. 6. Reproductive physiology c. Nervous system a. 7. necrosis and degeneration Immunity and hypersensitivity Circulatory disturbances – edema. Normal ECG c. proteins. embolism. 4. 4. lipids. function & regulation b. 2. 8. Blood 2. 7. 8. thrombosis. shock.

Antiseptics . Antihypertensive i. hospital infections and management PHARMACOLOGY: 1. Immunosuppressive drugs and their effects on oral tissues j. Sedatives f. Systemic bacteriology with special emphasis on oral microbiology – staphylococci. Diuretics j. Detailed pharmacology of a. Identification of bacteria b. Candidasis 6.23 9. Bleeding e. Applied microbiology 7. Dental Pharmacology a. Haematinics and coagulants. Anticoagulants d. Drug therapy of a. Acute addisonian crisis 6. Diabetic ketoacidosis g. Emergencies b. Sterilization and disinfection 2. General properties of viruses b. Steroids g. Local anesthetics c. genus actinomyces and other filamentous bacteria and actinobacillus actinomycetumcomitans 4. Seizures c. Antiepileptic drugs 3. Anaphylaxis d. General anesthetics b. Antiepileptics g. Drugs used in Bronchial asthma cough 5. Virology a. Analgesics – opiod and nonopoid b. Hepatitis. Culture media and methods c. Pre-anesthetic medications 4. General bacteriology a. Shock f. dental use and adverse effects of a. General pharmacology a. Antihypertensives h. virus. Immunology and Infection 3. Hormones k. Blood MICROBIOLOGY: 1. Anxiolytic drugs e. Antibiotics h. Antianginal drugs i. Adverse drug reactions and drug interactions 2. HIV virus 5. Herpes. Antidepressants d. Diagnostic microbiology and immunology. Definitions – Pharmcokinetics with clinical applications. Antypsychotics c. Brief pharmacology. Antidiabetics drugs f. Vit D and Calcium preparations e. Mycology a. routes of administration including local drug delivery in Periodontics b.

Fluoride pharmacology BIOSTATISTICS: • • • • • • Introduction. prognosis and treatment of periodontal diseases. 18. Periodontal response to external forces 4. standard deviation and variability Tests of significance (chi square test’t’test and Z-test) Null hypothesis ETIOPATHOGENESIS: 1. Astringents c. median and mode). 2. Desquamative gingivitis and oral mucous membrane diseases 6. Antiplaque agents 7. Gingival diseases in the childhood II. Acute gingival infections 5. I. 7. Clinical features of gingivitis 3. diagnosis. 5. 15. 11. Gingival enlargement 4. Masticatory system disorders 5. Disclosing agents e. 10. GINGIVAL DISEASES 1. 3.24 b. 8. Gingival inflammation 2. periodontal diseases. Classification of periodontal diseases and conditions Epidemiology of gingival and periodontal diseases Defense mechanisms of gingiva Periodontal microbiology Basic concepts of inflammation and immunity Microbial interactions with the host in periodontal diseases Pathogenesis of plaque associated periodontal diseases Dental calculus Role of iatrogenic and other local factors Genetic factors associated with periodontal diseases Influence of systemic diseases and disorders of the periodontium Role of environmental factors in the etiology of periodontal disease Stress and periodontal diseases Occlusion and periodontal diseases Smoking and tobacco in the etiology of periodontal diseases AIDS and periodontium Periodontal medicine Dentinal hypersensitivity Clinical and Therapeutic Periodontology and Oral Implantology Please note: Clinical periodontology includes gingival diseases. Necrotising ulcerative periodontitis 8. Bone loss and patterns of bone destruction 3. PERIODONTAL DISEASES 1. Interdisciplinary approaches -Orthodontic . Sialogogues d. Periodontal pocket 2. definition and branches of biostatistics Collection of data. Aggressive periodontitis 7. 12. 17. sampling. 13. 16. 14. 6. 9. types. 4. Chronic periodontitis 6. periodontal instrumentation. bias and errors Compiling data-graphs and charts Measures of central tendency (mean.

Advanced diagnostic techniques 4. Furcation. Occlusal evaluation and therapy in the management of periodontal diseases 6. Halitosis and its treatment 10. Recent advances in surgical techniques E. Instrumentation 2.25 -Endodontic 9. Future directions for infection control 2. Periodontal therapy 1. Principles of periodontal instrumentation 3. General principles of periodontal surgery 2. ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY 1. Supportive periodontal treatment 2. Risk assessment 5. Radiographic and other aids in the diagnosis of periodontal diseases 3. Periodontal splints 9. Instruments used in different parts of the mouth C. Periodontal maintenance phase 1. Results of periodontal treatment IV. General principles of anti-infective therapy with special emphasis on infection control in periodontal practice 9. Future directions in measurement of periodontal diseases F. TREATMENT OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES A. Research directions in regenerative therapy 3. Periodontal management of HIV infected patients 5. Plaque control 3. Periodontal surgical phase – special emphasis on drug prescription 1. Periodontal instrumentation 1. Bruxism and its treatment B. prognosis and treatment planning 1. diagnosis. Periodontal flap 7. Surgical anatomy of periodontium and related structures 3. Future directions in anti-inflammatory therapy 4. The periodontic – endodontic continuum 10. Determination of prognosis 6. Future directions and controversial questions in periodontal therapy 1. Periodontic plastic and esthetic surgery 11. Gingival curettage 4. History. Periodontic considerations in periodontal therapy III. Rationale for periodontal treatment 8. Management of dentinal hypersensitivity D. Gingivectomy technique 5. Introduction and historical review . Treatment plan 7. examination. Treatment of gingival enlargements 6. Osseous surgery (resective and regenerative) 8. Special emphasis on precautions and treatment for medically compromised patients 8. Problem and its management 9. Preparation of tooth surface 2. Role of orthodontics as an adjunct to periodontal therapy 7. Clinical diagnosis 2. Anti microbial and other drugs used in periodontal therapy and wasting diseases of teeth 4.

student should present at least 1 seminar in an Interdepartmental meeting during the P. 4. 3. course • Interdepartmental Seminars: . Biological. collection and handling of sample.G.Each P.26 2.one to be presented at the end of 18 months of the course ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES: I Year Submission of synopsis for Dissertation – within 6 months from the start of the course Library Assignment – to be submitted at the end of the I year II Year Scientific Paper presentation at the conferences III Year Scientific Paper/ Poster presentation at conferences Submission of Dissertation – 6 months before completion of III year SKILLS: First year Pre – Clinical work Dental 1. Practice of incisions and suturing techniques on the typhodont models Fabrication of bite guards and splints Occlusal adjustments on the casts mounted on the articulator X. clinical and surgical aspects of dental implants Diagnosis and treatment planning Implant surgery Prosthetic aspects of dental implants Diagnosis and treatment of Peri implant complications Special emphasis on plaque control measures implant patients Maintenance phase V. Scaling and root planning (SRP) a. Gingivectomy 10 CASES 15 CASES 15 CASES 10 CASES 20 CASES . Such meetings may be held at least once every month • Library Assignment: . Interpretation of various biochemical investigations 4. Hand b.G. Applied periodontal indices 2. 5. course (Atleast 5 Seminars per year) • Journal clubs: . 8.a minimum of 25 Journal articles to be reviewed by each student during the P. Ultrasonic 3. Basic Biostatistics – Surveying and data analysis Clinical work 1.G. MANAGEMENT OF MEDICAL EMERGENCIES IN PERIODONTAL PRACTICE Teaching / learning Activities • Seminars: . 5. culture techniques 2. Practical training and handling medical emergencies and basic life support devices 5. 2. 7. course. 6. Basic understanding of immunological diseases 3.A minimum of 15 seminars to be presented by each student during the P.Ray techniques and interpretation Local anesthetic techniques Medical 1.G. 3. Basic diagnostic microbiology and immunology. Curettage 4. 4.

Record. but also students to evaluate themselves.Using various graft and barrier membranes 2. ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY 10 CASES 10 CASES 5 CASES 10 CASES 10 CASES COURSE CONTENT: The program outline addresses both the knowledge needed in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and allied medical specialties in its scope. maintenance and follow up of all treated cases including implants Assessment examinations:. Regenerative techniques . Perio splints Third Year Clinical work 1. Gingivoplasty Second Year 1.27 5. log book etc. Periodontal surgical procedures – Pocket therapy – Muco-gingival surgeries – Implants (2 implants) – Management of perio endo problems 5. Checklists are given in Section IV 3. The topics are considered as under:• Basic sciences • Oral and Maxillofacial surgery • Allied specialties APPLIED BASIC SCIENCES: . Case history and treatment planning 3.. The monitoring to be doneby the staff of the department based on participation of students in various teaching / learning activities. It not only helps teachers to evaluate students. Clinical Work 2. Occlusal adjustments 6. A minimum of three years of formal training through a graded system of education as specified will equip the trainee with skill and knowledge at its completion to be able to practice basic oral and Maxillofacial surgery competently and have the ability to intelligently pursue further apprenticeship towards advanced Maxillofacial surgery. It may be structured and assessment be done using checklists that assess various aspects.In addition to the regular evaluation. Assessment examination should be conducted once every six months & progress of the student monitored Note: Submission of Synopsis for Dissertation should be done within 6 months of the commencement of the course Submission of two copies of Library Assignments at the end of 1 and 2nd year Submission of pre-clinical work as scheduled Submission of Dissertation – 6 months before completion of III year Maintenance of Work Diary/Log book as prescribed by RGUHS MONITORING LEARNING PROGRESS: It is essential to monitor the learning progress to each candidate through continuous appraisal and regular assessment. Local Drug Delivery techniques 4.

shock. nerves. electrolytes. pharmacological support. Digestive system composition and functions of saliva mastication deglutition. cranial and facial bones and its surrounding soft tissues. asphyxia. diagnosis. . arterial and venous thrombi. adrenal gland. hemostasis – role of endothelium in thrombogenesis. congenital abnormality of orofacial regions. intermediary metabolism. minerals and antimetabolites GENERAL PATHOLOGY: Inflammation – Acute and chronic inflammation. lymphatic. pain pathway. disseminated intravascular coagulation. muscles of face and neck. commonly associated with diseases of oral cavity. lipids. protein energy malnutrition. blood substitutes. blood pressure. Marasmus. nutrition and computers.28 A thorough knowledge both on theory and principles in general and particularly the basic medical subjects as relevant to the practice of maxillofacial surgery. artificial respiration. connective tissue bone. blood grouping. carbohydrate. trachea and esophagus. speech. Histology of skin. hypoxia – types and management. Epidemiology. deglutition. anatomy and its applied aspects of triangles of neck. growth factors in acute inflammation role of NSAIDS in inflammation. muscles. causes & treatment of acidosis and alkalosis. oxidation. Fluid and Electrolytic balance/Acid Base metabolism-body fluid compartment. vitamins. normal and abnormal constituents. appropriate uses of sutures. cavernous sinus and superior sagital sinus. GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY: Immunity. Carcinogens and Carcinogenesis. general composition of body. paranasal sinuses. dissociation. entrails nutrition. Nutrition-general principles balanced diet. BIOCHEMISTRY: General principles governing the various biological principles of the body. Blood-its composition hemostasis. Knowledge of organisms. temporal and infratemporal region. Respiration control of ventilation anoxia. various staining techniques-Smears and cultures. Shock and pulmonary failure: types of shock. urine analysis and culture. properties of suture materials. Functional anatomy of mastication. deep structures of neck. orbits and its contents. research methodology. blood dyscrasias and its management. gums and palate. repair and regeneration. need for nutritional support. Neoplasm – classification of tumors. Access to central veins. various laboratory investigation. oral mucosa. role of component system in acute inflammation. resuscitation. Kwashiorkor. PHYSIOLOGY: Nervous system-physiology of nerve conduction. ANATOMY: Development of face. eyelids and nasal septum. factors maintaining hemostasis. urine formation. cellular changes in radiation injury and its manifestation. hypertension. salivary glands. enzymes. endocrinal activity and disorder relating to thyroid gland. pituitary gland. role of arachidonic acid and its metabolites in acute inflammation. cell savers. tongue. pharynx. cartilage cellular elements of blood vessels. It is desirable to have adequate knowledge in bio-statistics. such as osmotic pressure. sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. parathyroid gland. Nutritional assessment. General consideration of the structure and function of brain and applied anatomy of intracranial venous sinuses. paranasal sinuses and associated structures and their anomalies: surgical anatomy of scalp temple and face. CVS – cardiac cycle. digestion. cross matching. Endocrinology-metabolism of calcium. Brief consideration of autonomous nervous system of head and neck. Hypersensitivity. Hepatitis B and its prophylaxis. pancreas and gonads. ARDS and its causes and prevention. thyroid and parathyroid glands. grading and staging of tumors. reduction etc. blood component therapy. proteins. culture and sensitivity tests. auto transfusion. teeth. ventilation and support. cranial nerves tongue. heart sounds. hypothalamus and mechanism of controlling body temperature. Parenteral nutrition. complications of blood transfusion. metabolism of water and electrolytes. metabolic responses to stress. necrosis and gangrene. tooth and its surrounding structures. Nutritional support. respiration and circulation. roots of access to GI tract. hemorrhage and its control. assimilation. Wound management – Wound healing factors influencing healing. Effect of dietary deficiency. larynx.

incisions. the value of textbook. basic medical work up. Concept of essential drugs and rational use of drugs. endotracheal intubation. Basic statistics. salivary gland diseases. ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY: • • • • • • • Evolution of Maxillofacial surgery. factors influencing healing. antitubercular. maxillary sinus diseases. basic surgical techniques. B-complex. Microbiological principles. Dental caries.understanding journal based literature study. components of computer and its use in practice. management of cardio vascular instability in this period. Tracheostomy. Principles of evidence based surgery. cardiac and respiratory illness. original articles and their critical assessment. drug addiction. wide range of pathological lesions of hard and soft tissues of the orofacial regions like cysts. antiseptics. value of review articles. Assessment of Wakefulness.K COMPUTER SCIENCE: Use of computers in surgery. aseptic technique. Diagnosis. reference book articles. Hepatitis and HIV infection and cross infection.developing a surgical diagnosis. Airway obstruction/management – Anatomy of the airway. risk stratification Surgical sutures. Oropharyngeal airway. appropriate use of sutures. suturing. decontamination and debridement. pain management Wound management. Communication skills with patients. viral. drugs acting on CNS. principles of word processing. sialagogues. principles of keeping the airway patent. diseases of pulp and Periapical tissues. mycotic infection of oral cavity. Cricothyroidectomy. pharmacokinetics and pharmadynamic dosage and mode of administration of drugs. anti diabetic.Wound healing. edema control.understanding. Informed consent/medico-legal issues. C. benign & malignant neoplasms. the internet and its use. randomized control and blinded studies. Surgical Infections – Asepsis and antisepsis.D. regressive changes of teeth.concept of recovery room care. odontogenic infection. oral aspects of various systemic diseases & role of laboratory investigation in oral surgery. Methods adopted for the same. drains Post operative care. understanding the value of retrospective. Rational use of antibiotics. physical and chemical injuries of oral cavity. prospective. basic necessities for surgery. Properties of suture materials. mucosal diseases. Principles of surgery. tissue handling. hyper sensitivity reaction. Criteria for shifting to the ward. dead space management. tolerance and hypersensitivity reactions. PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS: Definition of terminology used. mouth to mouth resuscitation. flap designs. The value of computer based systems in biomedical equipment. Vitamins A. hemostasis. renal failure. respiratory difficulty. antibiotics and analgesics.29 ORAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY: Developmental disturbances of oral and para oral structures. understanding the principles and the meaning of various Bio-statistical tests applied in these studies. spreadsheet function database and presentations. hematinics. chest discomfort. history taking. bacterial. special infections like Synergistic Gangrene and Diabetic foot infection. general and local anesthetics. patient general health and nutrition. clinical examination. Airway management. action and fate in the body.E. Medical emergencies – Prevention and management of altered consciousness. work up in special situation like diabetes. compassionate explanations and giving emotional support at the time of suffering and bereavement Principles of surgical audit – understanding the audit of process and outcome. investigations. Pre operative workup – Concept of fitness for surgery. clarity in communication. • • • • • • • • .

exposure to common general surgical procedures. Experience in the surgical techniques of reconstruction following ablative surgery. assessment and management. Current concepts in the management of craniofacial anomalies. Blood dyscrasias General surgery: Principles of general surgery. muscle relaxants. blepharoplasty. Micro vascular surgery. Bells palsy. Comprehensive management including polytrauma patients Assessment of trauma-multiple injuries patient. cancer and non-cancer pain. craniosynostosis. Facial palsy and nerve injuries. Tissue grafting – Understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in autogenous and heterogeneous tissue grafting. Neurological disorders of maxillofacial region-diagnosis and management of Trigeminal Neuralgia. giant cell lesion of jaw bones. Temporomandibular joint disorders – TMJ disorders and their sequelae need expert evaluation. Cyst and tumors of head and neck region and their management – including principles of tumor surgery.30 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Anesthesia – stages of Anesthesia. external ear etc. otoplasty. Orthognathic surgery – The trainee must be familiar with the assessment and correcting of jaw deformities Laser surgery – The application of laser technology in the surgical treatment of lesions amenable to such therapy Distraction osteogenesis in maxillofacial region. pelvic fractures. diagnosis and treatment planning. Aesthetic facial surgery – detailed knowledge of structures of face & neck including skin and underlying soft tissues. Frey’s Syndrome. basics concept in the diagnosis and planning of various head and neck anomalies including facial cleft. vascular injuries. the application of cryosurgery in the surgical management of lesions amenable to such surgeries. particularly to maxillofacial region. penetrating injuries.. Current concepts in the management of cleft lip and palate deformity. endocrinal. Neuro – surgery: Evaluation of a patient with head injury. Pain control – acute and chronic pain. Cryosurgeries – Principles. Cleft lip and palate surgery. fibro osseous lesions of jaw. concept of multi disciplinary team management. etc. head and neck. primary care. Competence in the evaluation of management of patients for Anesthesia Clinical oral surgery – all aspects of dento alveolar surgery Pre-prosthetic surgery – A wide range of surgical reconstructive procedures involving their hard and soft tissues of the edentulous jaws. eyelids. Head and neck oncology – understanding of the principles of management of head and neck oncology including various pre cancerous lesions. syndromes. closed abdominal and chest injuries. diagnosis and management of hard and soft tissue injuries. patient controlled analgesia General patient management – competence in physical assessment of patients of surgery. Facial pain. competence in evaluation of patients presenting with acute injury. knowledge of nasal endoscopy and other diagnostic techniques in the evaluation of speech and hearing. facial bone recountouring etc.detailed knowledge of the development of the face. Craniofacial surgery – basic knowledge of developmental anomalies of face. Reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery – hard tissue and soft tissue reconstruction. Maxillofacial radiology/ radio diagnosis Other diagnostic methods and imaging techniques • • • • • • • ALLIED SPECIALTIES: • • • General medicine: General assessment of the patient including children with special emphasis on cardiovascular diseases. bone. underlying facial muscles. It is preferable to be familiar with diagnostic and therapeutic arthroscopic surgery procedures. MPDS. Implantology – principles. metabolic respiratory and renal diseases. face lift. surgical management of post acne scaring. diagnosis and treatment planning of deformities and conditions affecting facial kin. head and neck. urological injuries. knowledge & exposure of various Neuro – surgical procedures . surgical procedures for insertion of various types of implants. pharmacology of inhalation. intravenous and regional anesthetics.. Nerve injuries Maxillofacial trauma – basic principles of treatment.

CT. selection of dissertation topic. exodontia.15 days General surgery/anesthesia . assisted or performed in the log book in the format as given by RGUHS in the revised ordinance governing MDS degree course. • Departmental and interdepartmental discussions to be held once in a month. CDE programs etc. various IV sedation techniques Academic Clinical programme (applicable for all three years): • Seminars to be presented & attended once in a week. basic sciences. Minor suturing and removal of sutures Incision & drainage of an abscess Surgical extraction Category PI PI PI PI I. This work shall be scrutinized and certified by the head of the department and head of the institution and presented to the university every year YEAR BY YEAR PROGRAMME: I Year First term: Dissection. library assignment topic. throat.1 month General medicine .A 10 15 . • Every candidate shall maintain a logbook to record his/her work or participation in all activities such as journal clubs. It is desirable to enter general surgical skills and operative procedure that are observed.15 days Examination of basic sciences – one paper of three hours duration to be conducted by the college II Year Minor oral surgery and higher surgical training Submission of library assignment by the end of first term Examination on minor oral surgical procedures . exposure to ophthalmic surgical procedures.II I I I Year Number 50. 20 N. ophthalmic examination and evaluation. six months before the final examination to the university. Sl. exposure to ENT surgical procedures.e.15 days ENT .31 • • • ENT/Ophthalmology: Examination of ear. Examination of three hours duration three months before the final examination to be conducted by the college. interpretation of radiographs. III Year Maxillofacial surgery.T and ward rounds. Second term (rotation and postings in other department): Oncology . preparation of synopsis and its submission within the six months after admission to the university as per calendar of events. • Minimum 2 scientific papers should be presented. attending O. • Journal clubs (departmental and interdepartmental) to be conducted once in fifteen days. i. basic computer sciences.M. Final examination at the end of the third year. and I.15 days Orthopedic . bone diseases and trauma as relevant to Maxillofacial surgery. submission of dissertation in the first term.No 1 2 3 4 Procedure Injection I.15 days Ophthalmology .2 months Emergency . nose.one paper of three hours duration to be conducted by the college.15 days Neurology . Orthopedic: basic principles of orthopedic surgery. MRI and ultrasound Anesthesia: Evaluation of patients for GA technique and management of emergencies. seminars.V. seminars on basic topics.

O PA. 3. venous drainage and lymphatics of head and neck Congenital abnormalities of the head and neck Surgical anatomy of the cranial nerves Anatomy of the tongue and its applied aspects Surgical anatomy of the temporal and infratemporal regions Anatomy and its applied aspects of salivary glands.5 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 PA A A A.3 ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY APPLIED BASIC SCIENCES: Applied Anatomy.3 3.O A. pharynx. II I I.M. III III III 3 2 2 1 3.A A. 9. 15.32 5 6 Impacted teeth Pre prosthetic surgerya) corrective procedures b) ridge extension c) ridge reconstruction OAF closure Cyst enuleation Mandibular fractures Peri-apical surgery Infection management Biopsy procedures Removal of salivary calculi Benign tumors mid face fractures Implants Tracheotomy Skin grafts Orthognathic surgery Harvesting bone & cartilage grafts a) Iliac crest b) Rib c) Calvarial d) Fibula T.A PA. morphology. Muscles of head and neck Arterial supply.3 3.O PA. III I.PA PI. 2.A I.3 5. 6.O III III III III II. Biochemistry. III II. III III II.15 2. temple and face Anatomy of the triangles of neck and deep structures of the neck Cranial and facial bones and its surrounding soft tissues with its applied aspects in maxillofacial injuries. 11. PA PI. III.O A. II I. II III.PA PI.O A. and occlusion.PA PI PA PA. III II. II I. 7. II II. 5.2 3.10 5 N.A 3. II I. A PA.5 3. Joint surgery Jaw resections Onco surgery Micro vascular anastomosis Cleft lip & palate Distraction osteogenesis Rhinoplasty Access osteotomies and base of skull surgeries PI.A N. larynx. A PA.5 2. respiration and circulation .5 5. III II. PA PI PI PA A PI. Surgical anatomy of the nose. II I.3 3. III 20. A PA. Autonomous nervous system of head and neck Functional anatomy of mastication.5 10. The structure and function of the brain including surgical anatomy of intra cranial venous sinuses. III II.10 10.PA PI. Physiology. I.II I I. deglutition. 14. trachea esophagus Tooth eruption. 4.2 5. III III II. 8. 10.A PA PA.10 15 3 3 3. Surgical anatomy of the scalp. 13. 12. speech.5 1. thyroid and parathyroid gland. A A. II II.5 3 3. General and Oral Pathology and Microbiology and Pharmacology APPLIED ANATOMY: 1.

Respiration • Control of ventilation. reduction etc. vitamins and minerals Hormones Body and other fluids. CardioVascular System • Cardiac cycle. electrolytes. paranasal sinuses and associated structures and their anomalies TMJ: surgical anatomy and function PHYSIOLOGY: 1. normal and abnormal constituents 4. Digestive system • Saliva . • Shock • Heart sounds. • Blood grouping. 17. Marasmus. asphyxia. hypothalamus and mechanism of controlling body temperature 2. PATHOLOGY: 1. nucleic acid and nucleotides and their metabolism Enzymes. sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. 3. • Role of arachidonic acid and its metabolites in acute inflammation. and their metabolism Nucleoproteins. pituitary gland.composition and functions of saliva • Mastication deglutition. Kwashiorkor. adrenal gland. Endocrinology • General endocrinal activity and disorder relating to thyroid gland. pancreas and gonads: • Metabolism of calcium 7. Detoxification in the body. Metabolism of inorganic elements. Development of face. lipids. Antimetabolites. pain pathway. various blood dyscrasias and management of patients with the same • Hemorrhage and its control • Capillary and lymphatic circulation. digestion. • Blood pressure. • Fluid and Electrolytic balance in maintaining haemostasis and significance in minor and major surgical procedures. proteins. transfusing procedures. • Hypertension: 6. necrosis and gangrene • Role of component system in acute inflammation. such as osmotic pressure.33 16. • Parathyroid gland. Nervous system • Physiology of nerve conduction. BIOCHEMISTRY: General principles governing the various biological activities of the body. oxidation. assimilation • Urine formation. Blood • Composition • Haemostasis. Nutrition • General principles of a balanced diet. . dissociation. artificial respiration • Hypoxia – types and management 5. Inflammation – • Repair and regeneration. protein energy malnutrition. General composition of the body Intermediary metabolism Carbohydrates. effect of dietary deficiency. anoxia.

Fragile X. diphtheria. Ehler’s Danlos Syndrome. meningo.Syndrome Hypersensitivity: • Anaphylaxis. type 2 hypersensitivity. organisms of TB. diseases of pulp and periapical tissues • Physical and chemical injuries of the oral cavity • Oral manifestations of metabolic and endocrinal disturbances • Diseases of jawbones and TMJ • Diseases of blood and blood forming organs in relation to oral cavity • Cysts of the oral cavity • Salivary gland diseases • Role of laboratory investigations in oral surgery Microbiology: • Immunity • Knowledge of organisms commonly associated with disease of oral cavity. 9. • Bacterial. leprosy. blood matching. viral and microbial • Grading and staging of cancers. systemic lupus erythematosus. venous congestion. • Urine analysis and cultures. 2. . septic. spread of tumors • Characteristics of benign and malignant tumors Others: • Sex linked agammaglobulinemia. 6. type 3 hyper sensitivity and cell mediated reaction and its clinical importance.. viral and mycotic infections of oral cavity • Dental caries. 8. neurogenic. Oral Pathology: • Developmental disturbances of oral and Para oral structures • Regressive changes of teeth. 7. 2. • Arterial and venous thrombi. tumor Angiogenesis. Definition of terminologies used Dosage and mode of administration of drugs. pneumo. RBC and WBC count • Bleeding and clotting time etc. Neoplasia: • Classification of tumors. 5.chemical. post primary pulmonary tuberculosis – pathology and pathogenesis. • Morphology cultural characteristics of strepto. infarction Chromosomal abnormalities: • Marfans Syndrome. • AIDS • Management of immun deficiency patients requiring surgical procedures • De George Syndrome • Ghons complex. smears and cultures. • Disseminated Intravascular coagulation Shock: • Pathogenesis of hemorrhagic. • Infection and infective granulomas. staphylo. 3. • Carcinogenesis and carcinogen. ischemia.34 • Growth factors in acute inflammation • Role of molecular events in cell growth and intercellular signaling cell surface receptors • Role of NSAIDs in inflammation. APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS: 1. clostridium group of organism. actinomycosis and moniliasis • Hepatitis B and its prophylaxis • Culture and sensitivity test • Laboratory determinations • Blood groups. Paraneoplastic syndrome. gono. hyperemia. • Cellular changes in radiation injury and its manifestation: Haemostasis • Role of endothelium in thrombogenesis. 4. cardiogenic shock • Circulatory disturbances. edema. spirochetes.

and tranquilizers. advantages and disadvantages. hypnotics. 4. treatment. K Minor Oral Surgery and Trauma MINOR ORAL SURGERY: • PRINCIPLES OF SURGERY: DEVELOPING A SURGICAL DIAGNOSIS. cavernous sinus thrombosis. and respiratory difficulty. removal of exostosis. diagnosis. procedures. 10. techniques. indications and contraindications. DEAD SPACE MANAGEMENT. seizures. tuberosity reduction. BASIC NECESSITIES FOR SURGERY. C. complications and their management. 8. 5. 9.luc operation CYSTS OF THE OROFACIAL REGION: classification. E. vestibuloplasty) PROCEDURES TO IMPROVE ALVEOLAR SOFT TISSUES: hypermobile tissues.operative / sclerosing method. 6. 7. advantages and disadvantages. 14. management of facial space infections. 2. DECONTAMINATION AND DEBRIDEMENT. Drugs acting on the CNS General and local anesthetics. FLAP DESIGN TISSUE HANDLING. MEDICAL EMERGENCIES: prevention and management of altered consciousness (syncope. diagnosis and differential diagnosis. non Odontogenic. GENERAL ANESTHESIA: • 1. diagnosis. principles of elevators and elevators used in oral surgery. Antiseptics. MPDS.35 3. 11. oral manifestations of systemic diseases. mylohyoid ridge reduction. clinical abnormalities of coagulation. 5. B-complex. HAEMORRHAGE AND SHOCK: applied physiology. . SURGICAL AIDS TO ERUPTION OF TEETH: surgical exposure of unerupted teeth. ranula NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION: diagnosis and management of trigeminal neuralgia. Frey’s syndrome. management of secondary hemorrhage. genial reduction. sialogogues and antisialogogues Haematinics Antidiabetics Vitamins A. 12. Action and fate of drugs in the body Drug addiction. chest discomfort. classification. extra vascular hemorrhage. classification. mode of action. shock. 8. TRANSPLANTATION OF TEETH SURGICAL ENDODONTICS: indications and contraindications. EXODONTIA: principles of extraction. Caldwell. factors affecting spread of infection. epulis fissuratum. complications and their management. SUTURING. pathology. diagnosis. EXAMINATION AND DIAGNOSIS: clinical history. implications of systemic diseases in surgical patients. surgical repositioning of partially erupted teeth. clinical and laboratory diagnosis. indications and contraindications. ANESTHESIA LOCAL ANESTHESIA: Classification of local anesthetic drugs. Ludwig angina. complications and their management. hypersensitivity reactions. physical and radiographic. diabetes mellitus. 7. indications and contraindications. management of OKC. 10. pathogenesis. surgical procedure. OEDEMA CONTROL. CHRONIC INFECTIONS OF THE JAWS: Osteomyelitis (types. tolerance and hypersensitivity reactions. 11. 9. PATIENT GENERAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION. nerve injuries. IMPLANTOLOGY: definition. types of extraction. INCISIONS. 3. types (alvoloplasty. HAEMOSTASIS. IMPACTION: surgical anatomy. indications and contra indications. etiology. Chemo therapeutics and antibiotics Analgesics and antipyretics Antitubercular and antisyphilitic drugs. bell’s palsy. 13. 12. management) osteoradionecrosis MAXILLARY SINUS: maxillary sinusitis – types. 4. frenectomy and frenotomy INFECTION OF HEAD AND NECK: Odontogenic and non Odontogenic infections. and hemorrhagic lesions. analeptics. radicular. procedures of periradicular surgery PREPROSTHETIC SURGERY: requirements. dentigerous. 13. 6. 15. orthostatic hypotension. ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE. D. 16. adrenal insufficiency). closure of Oro – antral fistula.

procedure. bone. DIAGNOSIS: clinical. advantages and disadvantages. non-perforating injuries. stages of GA. 17. III. history signs. TRAUMATIC INJURIES TO FRONTAL SINUS: diagnosis. ETIOLOGY OF INJURY. complications and their management FRACTURE OF ZYGOMATIC COMPLEX: classification. cysts. 29. complications and their management. GUN SHOT WOUNDS AND WAR INJURIES OSSEOINTEGRATION IN MAXILLOFACIAL RECONSTRUCTION METABOLIC RESPONSE TO TRAUMA: neuro endocrine responses. fracture of maxilla. 36. classification. TRACHEOSTOMY: indications and contraindications. 37. anesthetic for dental procedures in children. prevention. MANDIBULAR FRACTURES: classification. DENTO ALVEOALR FRACTURES: examination and diagnosis. MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY Salivary gland • Sialography • Salivary fistula and management • Diseases of salivary gland – developmental disturbances. 30. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT PRIMARY CARE: resuscitation. 18. and treatment of le fort I. mechanism of action. management of hemorrhage. 19. perforating injuries. II. indications. conscious sedation. retro bulbar hemorrhage. 35. 27. post anesthetic complications and emergencies. treatment. radiological SOFT TISSUE INJURY OF FACE AND SCALP: classification and management of soft tissue wounds. 25. response of peripheral nerve to injury NUTRITIONAL CONSIDERATION FOLLOWING TRAUMA. 20. general principles of treatment. general principles of treatment. clinical implications HEALING OF TRAUMATIC INJURIES: soft tissues. OPTHALMIC INJURIES: minor injuries. symptoms. pre medication. 24. treatment MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES IN GERIATRIC AND PEDIATRIC PATIENTS. inflammation and sialolithiasis • Mucocele and Ranula • Tumors of salivary gland and their management • Staging of salivary gland tumors • Parotidectomy Temporomandibular Joint • Etiology. classification. fractures of Naso orbito ethmoidal region. 33. 34. legal aspects for GA TRAUMA SURGICAL ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK. cartilage. establishment of airway. 32.36 Classification. 26. injuries to structure requiring special treatment. complications and their management. 38. 22. examination and diagnosis. ORBITAL FRACTURES: blow out fractures NASAL FRACTURES FRACTURES OF MIDDLE THIRD OF THE FACIAL SKELETON: emergency care. examination and diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders • Ankylosis and management of the same with different treatment modalities • MPDS and management • Condylectomy – different procedures • Various approaches to TMJ • Recurrent dislocations – Etiology and Management Oncology • Biopsy • Management of pre-malignant tumors of head and neck region • Benign and Malignant tumors of Head and Neck region . and traumatic optic neuropathy. 31. 23. inflammatory mediators. 28. examination and diagnosis. and contra indications. 21. management of head injuries and admission to hospital.

caste. Professional honesty and integrity should be the top priority. CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY AND ENDODONTICS • • • • • Human Values. blepharoplasty. Apply high moral and ethical standards while carrying on human or animal research . paranasal. neck. facelift. etc Craniofacial surgery • Basic knowledge of developmental anomalies of the face. Dental care has to be provided regardless of social status. external ear • Surgical management of post acne scarring. • Current concept in the management of Craniofacial anomalies 4. Ethical Practice and Communication Abilities • • • • • Adopt ethical principles in all aspects of restorative and contemporaries Endodontics including non-surgical and surgical Endodontics. syndromes. facial bone recontouring. maxilla and mandible • Radiation therapy in maxillofacial regions • Lateral neck swellings Orthognathic surgery • Diagnosis and treatment planning • Cephalometric analysis • Model surgery • Maxillary and mandibular repositioning procedures • Segmental osteotomies • Management of apertognathia • Genioplasty • Distraction osteogenesis Cysts and tumor of oro facial region • Odontogenic and non-Odontogenic tumors and their management • Giant Cell lesions of jawbone • Fibro osseous lesions of jawbone • Cysts of jaw Laser surgery • The application of laser technology in surgical treatment of lesions Cryosurgery • Principles. bone. craniosynostosis. head and neck • Diagnosis and treatment planning • Current concepts in the management of cleft lip and palate deformity • Knowledge of Naso endoscopy and other diagnostic techniques in the evaluation of speech and hearing • Concept of multidisciplinary team management Aesthetic facial surgery • Detailed knowledge of the structures of the face and neck including skin and underlying soft tissue • Diagnosis and treatment planning of deformities and conditions affecting facial skin • Underlying facial muscles. etc. applications of cryosurgery in surgical management Cleft lip and palate surgery • Detailed knowledge of the development of the face. cheek. Eyelids. tongue. Develop communication skills in particular to explain various options available management and to obtain a true informed consent from the patient. head and neck • Basic concepts in the diagnosis and planning of various head and neck anomalies including facial clefts.37 Staging of oral cancer and tumor markers Management of oral cancer Radical Neck dissection Modes of spread of tumors Diagnosis and management of tumors of nasal. creed or religion of the patient. otoplasty.

circulation. lipids and their metabolism. chemical properties. cementogenesis. age and functional changes. deglutition and speech. Enzymes. and endocrinology – general principles of endocrine activity and disorders relating to pituitary. nucleoproteins. proteins. APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY: • • Mastication. regressive changes. shock. connective tissue. edema. blood pressure. tongue. infarction. Physiology of saliva – composition. • • DEVELOPMENT OF TEETH: • • • • • • • • Enamel – development and composition. Circulatory disturbances – ischemia. . Detailed anatomy of deciduous and permanent teeth. hyperemia. alignment. function. deglutition. artificial respiration. muscles. diet and nutrition – balanced diet. nucleic acid and their metabolism. Physiology of pain. form. volume. Eruption of teeth. electrolytic dissociation. Ask for help from colleagues or seniors when required without hesitation Respect patient’s rights and privileges including patients right to information. structure type of dentin. function. function. occlusion. Odontogenic and non Odontogenic pain. biochemistry such as osmotic pressure. nerves. • • • PATHOLOGY: • • • Inflammation. oxidation. pain pathways. paranasal sinuses and the associated structures and their anomalies. function. anoxia. arterial and venous drainage of head and neck. metabolism of inorganic elements. physical characteristics. Brief consideration of all cranial nerves and autonomic nervous system of head and neck. contact. clinical consideration. embolism.) Internal anatomy of permanent teeth and its significance Applied histology – histology of skin. reduction etc. Carbohydrates. physical and chemical properties. Blood composition. pulse. thrombosis. oral mucosa. structure. functions. fluid and electrolyte balance. chemistry of blood lymph and urine. muscles of face and neck including muscles of mastication and deglutition. anti metabolites. clinical considerations. lymphatics. thyroid. COURSE CONTENTS: APPLIED ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK • Development of face. function. clinical considerations. Salivary glands. asphyxia. clinical significance. repair.38 • • He/She shall not carry out any heroic procedures and must know his limitations in performing all aspects of restorative dentistry including Endodontics. hypoxia. allergy and hypersensitivity reaction. function and clinical consideration. physiology of pulpal pain. bone cartilage. innervations. respiration. structure Age changes – clinical structure Dentin – development. brief consideration of structures and function of brain. histological structures. haemostasis. Neoplasms – classifications of tumors. cranial and facial bones. sympathetic and Para sympathetic nervous system. blood vessels. pain disorders – typical and atypical. spread tumors. necrosis and gangrene. TMJ anatomy and function. Periodontal ligament – development. digestion and assimilation. vitamins and minerals. Functional anatomy of mastication. general consideration in physiology of permanent dentition. Salivary glands – structure. detoxification in the body. Pulp – development. Clinical significance of vitamins. blood groups. characteristics of benign and malignant tumors. adrenals including pregnancy and lactation. parathyroid. structure. innervations. heart. Cementum – composition. coagulation. degeneration. control. blood transfusion.

direct filling gold. virus and fungi. Use of computers. fusobacteria. Anaesthetic emergencies Antihistamines. healing. corticosteroids. hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis. detailed study of various restorative materials. drug interactions. dental caries. pulp. E. neuro muscular blocking agents. cornyebacterium.recent developments. techniques and complications. dental cements for restoration and pulp protection (luting. Friedmann two way analysis. infection control. bacteriods. defects. grafts. neisseria. inlay wax. Immunology – antigen antibody reaction. anti viral agents.tarnish and corrosion. chemotherapeutic and antibiotics. viral. oral flora and micro organisms associated with endodontic diseases. clostridium. General anesthesia – pre medications. drug addiction. microbes or relevance to dentistry – strepto. inhalation anesthesia. Culture medium and culturing technique (Aerobic and anaerobic interpretation and antibiotic sensitivity test). sterilization and disinfection. bacterial virulence factors. MICROBIOLOGY: • Pathways of pulpal infection. host defense. casting alloys. induction agents. regressive changes of teeth.39 • • • Blood dyscrasias Developmental disturbances of oral and Para oral structures. K IRON). Sampling. HIV infections and aids. Dental ceramics-recent advances. • • PHARMACOLOGY: • • • • • Dosage and route of administration of drugs. lactobacilli. • • . antiseptics. Cross infection. spirochetes. fate and metabolism of anaesthetic. ideal properties. actions and fate of drug in body. immunosupressants. restorative resin and recent advances in composite resins. finishing and polishing materials. bases) cavity varnishes. Statistical averages – measures of central tendency. pathogenesis. Bacterial. D. viral hepatitis. Regression analysis). anti sialogogue. mycobacterium. and agents used. C. vitamins and minerals (A. vibrio. Local anesthesia – agents and chemistry. assessment of anesthetic problems in medically compromised patients. actinomycetes. Elementary statistical methods – presentation of statistical data. allergy. Krusical Wallis one way analysis. presentation of data. liners. casting procedures. dental amalgam. bonding. anticoagulants. Normal distribution. staphylococci. Impression materials. investments. haemostasis. pulp reaction to dental caries and dental procedures. Mann Whitney test. die materials. and haemostatic agents. B. Tests of significance – parametric and non – parametric tests (Fisher extract test. tolerance of hypersensitivity reactions. Health information systems – collection. measures of dispersion. drugs acting on CNS. mycotic infections of the oral cavity. Dental burs – design and mechanics of cutting – other modalities of tooth preparation. Correlation and regression. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: • • • Essential features of a protocol for research in humans Experimental and non-experimental study designs Ethical considerations of research APPLIED DENTAL MATERIALS: • • Physical and mechanical properties of dental materials. biocompatibility. auto immunity. drug resistance. disinfectants. periapical pathology. BIOSTATISTICS: • Introduction. sympathomimitic drugs. compilation. pharmacological actions. theory of focal infections. Sign test. Median test. infection control procedure. Identification and isolation of microorganisms from infected root canals. Basic concepts.

17.epidemiology. Direct concepts in tooth preparation for amalgam.Color . 5. 10. failures and management. Tissue management Impression procedures used for indirect restorations. veneers. 8. Recent advances in restoration of endodontically treated teeth and grossly mutilated teeth Hypersensitivity.) Access cavity preparation – objectives and principles Endodontic instruments and instrumentation – recent developments. recent concept of etiological factors.Smile design . causes and management. 5.40 • Methods of testing biocompatibility of materials used. 3. Dentin and pulp complex. ultra sonic etc. 3. rotary. 10. theories. Cast metal restorations. 6. 2. contour. 20. Hand and rotary cutting instruments.Facial analysis .Treatment planning in esthetic dentistry 4. Examination. contraindications. development of rotary equipment. Dental burs and other modalities of tooth reparation. 9. sterilization of instruments etc. ENDODONTICS 1. prevention of dental caries and management – recent methods. inlays and onlays. detailed description of hand. Separation of teeth. 12. anatomy of root apex and its implications in endodontic treatment.. diagnosis. 13. a. 8.Principles of esthetic integration . caries activity tests. 21. Diagnostic procedure – recent advances and various aids used for diagnosisOrofacial dental pain emergencies: endodontic diagnosis and management Case selection and treatment planning Infection control procedures used in Endodontics (aseptic techniques such as rubber dam. Recent advances in restorative materials and procedures. Rationale of ndodontics. lasers etc) Infection control procedures in conservative dentistry. Advance knowledge of minimal intervention dentistry. diagnosis and treatment plan Occlusion as related to conservative dentistry. 6. sonic. a. Dental caries. Management of non-carious lesion. 16. CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY 1. recent advances in fabrication and materials. Direct and indirect composite restorations. Pulp and periapical pathology Pathobiology of periapex. indications. Knowledge of internal anatomy of permanent teeth. 9. hazards. Histopathology. 2. Lasers in Conservative Dentistry CAD-CAM & CAD-CIM in restorative dentistry Dental imaging and its applications in restorative dentistry (clinical photography) Principles of esthetics . pathophysiology. 15. investment materials and Direct gold restorations.ceramic. used in conservative dentistry. 18. crowns. matrices. Onlay full crown restorations. Working length determination / cleaning and shaping of root canal system and recent development in techniques of canal preparation. 11.recent developments (air abrasions. GIC and restorative techniques. composite. 4. isolation equipments etc. 7. 7. Indirect tooth colored restorations. tooth preparation for class 2 inlay. contact. 14. . speed ranges. direct and indirect methods of fabrication including materials used for fabrication like inlay wax. 11. 19. Restorative techniques. its significance.

28. 24. Inlay cavity preparation on premolars And molars – MO. 23. MOD a.02 Pre Clinical work on natural teeth 1.08 a. Inlay on molars and premolars MO. DO. . Endodontics radiology. Anterior b. 22.05 . Lasers in Endodontics.01 4. 19. Endodontic surgeries. Single visit endodontics. 20. Casing 3. 15. various obturation techniques and recent advances in obturation of root canal. endoosseous endodontic implants – biology of bone and wound healing. .05 5.02 . Endodontic microbiology.02 6.06 .10 . 18. Pre Clinical Work – Operative and Endodontics Preclinical work on typhodont teeth 1. 30. Onlay preparation on molars a. Conservative preparation b. TEACHING / LEARNING ACTIVITIES: The following is the minimum required to be completed before the candidate can be considered eligible to appear for final MDS exam. recent advances. Wax pattern b. Procedural errors in endodontics and their management. .04 .digital technology in endodontics practice. Multidisciplinary approach to endodontics situations. Casting Full Crown a. Posterior (2 each to be processed) 7/8 crown (1 to be processed) 3 / 4 crown premolars (1 to be processed) . Microscopes in endodontics. recent developments in technique and devices. Traumatic injuries and management – endodontic treatment for young permanent teeth. Conventional preparation 2. Resorptions and its management. Pediatric Endodontics – treatment of immature apex. Local anesthesia in endodontics. 27. and MOD . Obturating materials.03 . Casting . 29. endo + Perio lesion and management Drugs and chemicals used in Endodontics Endo emergencies and management.03 . 25. Endoperio interrelationship. 32. 31.02 . Geriatric Endodontics Endo emergencies and management. Endodontics failures and retreatment. Root canal irrigants and intra canal medicaments used including non – surgical Endodontics by calcium hydroxide. Class 2 amalgam cavities a. Restoration of endodontically treated teeth. 21. 26. 17. current concepts and controversies. 13. DO.41 12. 14. Biologic response of pulp to various restorative materials and operative procedures. 16.

8. Anterior b. Conservative Pin retained amalgam on molar teeth Post and core build up a. 3 lower – 2 first molars and 1 second molar) obturation 1 each 7. Posterior Onlay on molars (1 to be processed) Full crown premolars and molars Full crown anterior (2 and 3 to be processed) Veneers anterior teeth (indirect method) Composite inlay (class 2) (1 to be processed) Full tooth wax carving – all permanent teeth . .42 b.10 . Access cavity opening and root canal therapy in relation to maxillary and mandibular permanent teeth 4.02 . Conventional b. Post and core preparation and fabrication in relation to anterior and posterior teeth a. Posterior teeth Casting a. 2.05 5. .04 . . Posterior 05 (casting 2) 8. Sectioning of all maxillary and mandibular teeth. Access cavity preparation and BMP Anterior a. 2nd primary upper and lower molar 1 each 3. . Sectioning of teeth – in relation to deciduous molar. 7.04 .02 Amalgam cavity preparation a. Anterior teeth b.02 . 2. Crown down Obturation 03 5.03 11. Step back c. 4. Anterior 10 (casting 4) b. Removable dies 04 Note : Technique work to be completed in the first four months . BMP Molar 06 (3 upper – 2 first molars and 1 second molar. 10.02 3.02 . ENDODONTICS: 1. BMP Premolar 06 (2 upper and 2 lower) obturation 1 each 6.03 6.06 9.02 . Conventional prep b. Wax pattern .

perioesthetics.Onlay. Clinical work • Cast gold inlay. Presentation of: • Seminars • Journal club • Teaching – lecture (under graduates) . endodontic implants. conservative dentistry and endodontics • Journal clubs . splinting.Reattachment of fractured teeth etc.by each student • Submission of synopsis at the end of 6 months • Library assignment work • Internal assessment – theory and clinicals. Anterior RCT Posterior RCT Endo surgery performed independently Management of endo – Perio problems Under graduate teaching program as allotted by the HOD Seminars – 5 by each student Journal club – 5 by each student Dissertation work Prepare scientific paper and present in conference and clinical meeting Library assignment to be submitted 18 months after starting of the course Internal assessment – theory and clinical 10 10 05 05 15 05 05 20 30 05 05 Dissertation work to be submitted 6 months before final examination. cuspal restoration 10 • Post and core 20 • Molar endodontics 50 • Endo surgery 05 • All other types of surgeries including crown lengthening. replantation. hemi sectioning.43 CLINICAL WORK: A B C D E F G H I Composite restorations GIC Restorations Complex amalgam restorations Composite inlay + veneers (direct and indirect) Ceramic jacket crowns Post and core for anterior teeth Bleaching vital Non vital RCT Anterior Endo surgery – observation and assisting 30 30 05 05 05 05 05 05 20 05 Presentation of: • Seminars – 5 seminars by each student – should include topics in dental materials.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 • • • • • • • Ceramic jacket crowns Post and core for anterior teeth Post and core for posterior teeth Composite restoration Full crown for posterior teeth Cast gold inlay Other special types of work such as splinting . Case discussion.

origin of teeth. Theories of growth and recent advances. differential growth. vitamins and minerals. units of bone structure. gradient of growth. chronology of permanent tooth formation. Impression materials: impression materials in general and particularly of alginate impression material. origin of face. Assessment of skeletal age The carpal bones. depending on the training policies of each institution. development of chin. growth spurts. origin of head. ACTH) pituitary gland hormones. thyroid gland hormones. the hyoid bone. carbohydrates. clinical training involving treatment of patients and submission of dissertation. general growth of head. Muscles of mastication: Development of muscles. factors affecting physical growth. parathyroid gland hormones Calcium and its metabolism Nutrition-metabolism and their disorders: proteins. Muscle physiology Craniofacial Biology: ell adhesion molecules and mechanism of adhesion Bleeding disorders in orthodontics: Hemophilia DENTAL MATERIALS: Gypsum products: dental plaster. roentgen graphic appearance of bone Assessment of growth and development: Growth prediction. addresses both the knowledge needed in Orthodontics and allied Medical specialities in its scope. dental stone and their properties. Bone growth: Origin of bone. mechanical properties of bone. parathyroid hormone. • • • II . thyroid hormone. These may be divided into blocks of 6 to 8 months duration each. methods of gathering growth data. carpal x – rays. fats. will equip the trainee with skill and knowledge at its completion to be able to practice basic Orthodontics and have the ability to intelligently pursue further apprenticeship towards advanced Orthodontics. setting reaction etc. muscle function and malocclusion Development of dentition and occlusion: Dental development periods. Postnatal growth of head: Bones of skull. A minimum of three years of formal training through a graded system of education as specifies. • • • • APPLIED ANATOMY: Prenatal growth of head: Stages of embryonic development. cervical vertebrae PHYSIOLOGY: • • • • • • III • • Endocrinology and its disorders (Growth hormone. I. order of tooth eruption. the oral cavity. muscle change during growth. Internal assessment – theory and clinical ORTHODONTICS & DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPAEDICS COURSE CONTENT: The program outlined. periods of occlusal development. face growth. pattern of occlusion.44 • 5. schedule of Ossification. SPREAD OF THE CURRICULUM: Six months teaching o basic subjects including completion of pre – clinical exercises 2 ½ years of coverage of all the relevant topics in Orthodontics. composition of bone. muscle function and facial development. the concept of normality and growth increments of growth.

Zinc polycarboxylate. VI. RNA. IX. X. DNA. Applied physics. resin cements and glass Ionomer cements Wrought metal alloys: deformation. design and interpretation Development of skills for preparing clear concise and cognent scientific abstracts and publication IV. composition physical properties Composites: composition types. PATHOLOGY: Inflammation Necrosis BIOSTATISTICS: Statistical principles o Data Collection o Method of presentation o Method of Summarizing o Methods of analysis – different tests/errors Sampling and Sampling technique Experimental models. zinc silicophosphate. • • • VIII. grain growth. alpha&beta titanium alloys Elastics: Latex and non-latex elastics. properties of metal alloys Orthodontic arch wires: stainless steel gold. GENETICS: Cell structure. protein synthesis.45 • • • • • • • • • Acrylics: chemistry. strain hardening. properties setting reaction Banding and bonding cements: Zn (PO4)2. Pencil sketch history of Orthodontic peers History of Orthodontics in India . • • • • APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY ORTHODONTIC HISTORY: Historical perspective. VII. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • V. cell division Chromosomal abnormalities Principles of orofacial genetics Genetics in malocclusion 5 Molecular basis of genetics Studies related to malocclusion Recent advances in genetics related to malocclusion Genetic counseling Bioethics and relationship to Orthodontic management of patients. recovery. Specification and tests methods used for materials used in Orthodontics Survey of all contemporary literature and Recent advances in above – mentioned materials. PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY: Evolutionary development of dentition Evolutionary development of jaws. APPLIED RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN ORTHODONTICS: • Experimental design • Animal experimental protocol • Principles in the development. annealing. execution and interpretation of methodologies in Orthodontics • Critical Scientific appraisal of literature. recrystallization. wrought cobalt chromium nickel alloys. Bioengineering and metallurgy. Evolution of orthodontic appliances.

• • • • • • • XV. Management of handicapped child. CHILD AND ADULT PSYCHOLOGY: Stages of child development. Recording of masticatory function. handicapped and mentally retarded cases and their special problems Critique of treated cases. Mechanics of articulation. CONCEPTS OF OCCLUSION AND ESTHETICS: Structure and function of all anatomic components of occlusion. XIII. Management of child in orthodontic treatment. Relationship of TMJ anatomy and pathology and related neuromuscular physiology. XVIII.46 XI. XIV. • • • • • • • • PRACTICE MANAGEMENT IN ORTHODONTICS: Economics and dynamics of solo and group practices Personal management Materials management Public relations Professional relationship Dental ethics and jurisprudence Office sterilization procedures Community based Orthodontics. physiological and pathological characteristics of major groups of developmental defects of the orofacial structures.CLINICAL ORTHODONTICS: Myofunctional Orthodontics: • Basic principles • Contemporary appliances – their design and manipulation • Case selection and evaluation of the treatment results • Review of the current literature. • • • • • • • • • • • XVII. synthesis and translating it into a treatment plan Problem cases – analysis of cases and its management Adult cases. Motivation and Psychological problems related to malocclusion / orthodontics Adolescent psychology Behavioral psychology and communication DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES AND TREATMENT PLANNING IN ORTHODONTICS Emphasis on the process of data gathering. Theories of psychological development. • • • • • • • • XII. Cephalometrics Instrumentation Image processing Tracing and analysis of errors and applications Radiation hygiene Advanced Cephalometrics techniques Comprehensive review of literature Video imaging principles and application. Dentofacial Orthopedics • Principles . Diagnosis of Occlusal dysfunction. ETIOLOGY AND CLASSIFICATION OF MALOCCLUSION: A comprehensive review of the local and systemic factors in the causation of malocclusion Various classifications of malocclusion DENTOFACIAL ANOMALIES: Anatomical.

E.RECENT ADVANCES LIKE: Use of implants Lasers Application of F. Minor surgery for Orthodontics Retention and relapse Mechanotherapy – special reference to stability of results with various procedures Post retention analysis Review of contemporary literature XIX. pathology and elements of therapy as applied to orthodontics • Team rehabilitative procedures. Tooth material discrepancies c.M. progress evaluation and post retention study • Review of current literature Ortho / Perio / Prostho inter relationship • Principles of interdisciplinary patient treatment • Common problems and their management Basic principles of Mechanotherapy Includes Removable appliances and fixed appliances • Design • Construction • Fabrication • Management • Review of current literature on treatment methods and results Applied preventive aspects in Orthodontics • Caries and periodontal disease prevention • Oral hygiene measures • Clinical procedures Interceptive Orthodontics Principles Growth guidance Diagnosis and treatment planning Therapy emphasis on: a. Dento-facial problems b.47 • • • Biomechanics Appliance design and manipulation Review of contemporary literature Cleft lip and palate rehabilitation: • Diagnosis and treatment planning • Mechanotherapy • Special growth problems of cleft cases • Speech physiology. periodontal ligament • Molecular and ultra cellular consideration in tooth movement Orthodontic / Orthognathic surgery: • Orthodontist’ role in conjoint diagnosis and treatment planning • Pre and post-surgical Orthodontics • Participation in actual clinical cases. Biology of tooth movement: • Principles of tooth movement-review • Review of contemporary literature • Applied histophysiology of bone. Distraction Osteogenesis .

Construction of orthodontic models trimmed and polished preferably as per specifications of Tweed or A. Bows and springs used in the removable appliances. 2 2 2 2 2 2 . 9. Clasps. 2. 10. Basic Pre-Clinical Exercise Work for the MDS Students: First 6 Months 1. 8. Cephalometric tracing and various Analyses. General Wire bending exercises to develop the manual dexterity. mechanical and functional appliances. b) Typhodont exercise i.7 or 0. NON-APPLIANCE EXERCISES All the following exercises should be done with 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Exercise Straightening of 6” & 8” long wire Square Rectangle Triangle of 2” side Circle of 2” side Bending of 5U’s Bending of 5V’s No. 11.O. Bonwill Hawley Ideal arch preparation.48 SKILLS: II. and splints for TMJ problems.8mm wire Sl. Every institution can decide the details of exercises under each category. First Year I. Bracket positioning and placement iii. Different stages in treatment appropriate to technique taught Clinical photography Computerized imaging Preparation of surgical splints. 1 each 1 1 1 1 1 1 2.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 ¾ Clasps Full clasps Triangular Clasps Adam’s clasp – upper molar Adam’s Clasp – lower molar Adam’s Clasp – Pre-molar Exercise No. Band making ii. Handling of equipments like vacuum forming appliances and hydro solder etc. 5.B.. Fabrication of removable habit breaking. also all types of space maintainers and space regainers. CLASPS Sl. 7. 4. a) Training shall be imparted in one basic technique i.No. Pre – Clinical Exercises A general outline of the type of exercises is given here. also superimposition methods – Fixed appliance typhodont exercises. 1. 6. 12. 3. Soldering and welding exercises. with adequate exposure to other techniques. Standard Edgewise / Begg technique or its derivative / Straight wire etc.e.

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Exercise Hawley’s retention appliance with anterior bite plane Upper Hawley’s appliance with posterior bite plane Upper expansion appliance with coffin spring Upper expansion appliance with coffin spring Upper expansion appliance with expansion screw Habit breaking appliance with tongue crib Oral screen and double oral screen Lip bumper Splint for Bruxism Catalans appliance Activator Bionator . LABIAL BOWS Sl. CANINE RETRACTORS Sl. APPLIANCES Sl. 1 2 3 4 5 Exercise U loop canine retractor Helical canine retractor Palatal canine retractor Self –supporting canine retractor Self –supporting canine retractor No. SPRINGS Sl. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Exercise Short labial bow (upper & lower) Long labial bow (upper & lower) Robert’s retractor High labial bow-with apron spring’s Mill’s labial bow Reverse loop labial bow Retention labial bow soldered to Adam’s clasp Retention labial bow extending distal to second molar Fitted labial bow Split high labial bow 2 2 2 2 2 1 No.No.No.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Exercise Finger spring-mesial movement Finger spring-distal movement Double cantilever spring Flapper spring Coffin spring T spring No. 2PAIRS 2PAIRS 2PAIRS 2PAIRS 2PAIRS 6.49 7 Adam’s Clasp . 2 2 2 2 2 2 5.Incisor 8 Modification of Adam’s – With Helix 9 Modification of Adam’s – With distal extension 10 Modification of Adam’s – With soldered tube 11 Duyzing Clasps on Molars 12 Southend Clasp 3. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4.

Welding exercises Sl. 1 2 9. Exercise Pinching and welding of molar. Model analysis Sl.No.50 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Frankel-FR 2 appliance Twin block Lingual arch TPA Quad helix Bihelix Utility arches Pendulum appliance 7. PREPARATION OF STUDY MODEL – 2 And all the permanent dentition analyses to be done. Exercise 1 2 3 4 Impression of upper and lower dental arches PREPARATION OF STUDY MODEL – 1 And all the permanent dentition analyses to be done. canine and Incisor bands Welding of buccal tubes and brackets on molar bands and incisor bands Impression of upper and lower arches in alginate Study model preparation 11. 1 2 3 4 Exercise Star Comb Christmas tree Soldering buccal tube on molar bands No. 1 1 1 1 8.No. Sl.No. Soldering exercises Sl. Cephalometrics Exercise Lateral cephalogram to be traced in five different colors and super imposed to see the accuracy of tracing Steiner’s analysis Down’s analysis Tweed analysis Rickett’s analysis Burrstone analysis Rakosi’s analysis Mc Namara analysis Bjork analysis Coben’s analysis Harvold’s analysis Soft tissue analysis – Holdaway and Burstone 12. PREPARATION OF STUDY MODEL – 3 And all the mixed dentition analyses to be done.No. 10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 . premolar.

Edgewise) Retention procedures of above treated cases.A. Fixed mechano therapy cases (Begg. Sl. rapid maxillary expansion niti expander etc.5 cases xi. method) Exercise Teeth setting in Class-II division I malocclusion with maxillary anterior Proclination and mandibular anterior crowding Band pinching. PEA. Additionally he/she should handle a minimum of 20 transferred cases. Sl..No. Other work to be done during FIRST YEAR 1. Class-II division-2 vi. .E. Removable active appliances-5cases ii.No 1 Basics of Clinical Photography including Digital Photography Light wire bending exercises for the Begg technique Exercise Wire bending technique on 0. Bionator. Surgical. Removable functional appliance cases like activator.Boot leg and Inter Maxillary type Upper and Lower arch wire Bending a double back arch wire Bayonet bends (vertical and horizontal offsets) Stage-III arch wire Torquing auxiliary (upper) Reverse Torquing (lower) Up righting spring Typhodont exercises: (Begg or P. Seminars: One Seminar per week to be conducted in the department. functional regulator. The type of cases can be as follows: i. Class-II division-1 v. Each postgraduate student should start with a minimum of 50 cases of his/her own. Appliance for arch development such as molar distalization –m 5 cases xii. Class-I malocclusion with Crowding iii. twin block and new developments ix. Class-III (Orthopedic.51 13. Orthodontic cases) vii. Tip edge. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 15. Fixed functional appliances – Herbst appliance. Class-I malocclusion with bi-maxillary protrusion iv. welding brackets and buccal tubes to the bands Stage-I Stage-II Pre Stage-III Stage-III 2 3 4 5 6 CLINICAL WORK: Once the basic pre-clinical work is completed the students can take up clinical cases and the clinical training is for the two and half years. Dento-facial orthopedic appliances like head gears. Inter disciplinary cases viii. jasper jumper etc – 5 cases x. 14.016’ wire circle “Z” Omega Bonwill-Hawley diagram Making a standard arch wire Inter maxillary hooks. A minimum of five seminars should be presented by each student each year .

4. Other routine work as follows: 1. ORAL PATHOLOGY & ORAL MICROBIOLOGY BROAD OUTLINE OF THEORETICAL. 5. Advanced histological and histopathological study of dental and oral tissues including embryonic considerations. Journal club: One Journal club per week to re conducted in the department. 10. A minimum of five seminars should be presented by each student each year 3. 1. 4. applied and theoretical biochemical basis of histochemistry as related to oral pathology. 2. histology. Mock examination 6. 9. Immunochemistry. Pathology. Field visits: To attend dental camps and to educate the masses. 8. Journal Club: One Journal club per week to be conducted in the department. biology. Case discussions 7. Finishing and presenting the cases taken up. Concepts of oral premalignancy Study of special and applied pathology of oral tissues as well as relation of local pathologic and clinical findings to systemic conditions. should handle Around 4-5 classes. 3. 9. The completed dissertation should be submitted six months before the final examination 6. prognosis and management of oral oncology. Inter-departmental meetings: Should be held once in a month 6. 8. CLINICAL AND PRACTICAL COURSES 1. Preparation of finished cases and presenting the cases (to be presented for the examination) 10. More cases discussions and cases to be taken up. Internal assessment or term paper. 6. Inter-departmental meetings: Should be held once in a month. 9. . 8. Under graduate classes: each post – graduate student. 4. Journal club: One Journal club per week to be conducted in the department. clinical considerations. Each student should present a minimum of five seminars each year. Oral microbiology and their relationship to various branches of dentistry. Library assignment to be submitted on or before the end of six months. A minimum of five seminars should be presented by each student each year Protocol for dissertation to be submitted on or before the end of six months from the date of admission. Other routine work as follows. Seminars: One Seminar per week to be conducted in the department. Seminars: One Seminar per week to be conducted in the department. More case discussions and cases to be taken up. Third Year: The clinical cases taken up should be followed under the guidance. 3. 7. 3. Case discussions 7.52 2. 2. 5. Field visits: To attend dental camps and to educate the masses. Dissertation work: On getting the approval from the university work for the dissertation to be started. Study of principles of routine and special techniques used for histopathology including principles of histochemistry. Undergraduate classes: each post-graduate student should handle Around 4-5 classes. Each student should present a minimum of five seminars each year. 2. Under graduate classes: Around 4 – 5 classes should be handled by each post-graduate student Field survey: To be conducted and submit the report Inter-departmental meetings: should be held once in a month. Case discussions Field visits: To attend dental camps and to educate the masses Basic subjects classes Internal assessment or Term paper Second Year: The clinical cases taken up should be followed under the guidance. 5. 4. Each student should present a minimum of five seminars each year.

Approach: • To be covered as didactic lectures. tongue and applied aspects of the same . blood supply. Maintenance of records of all postgraduates activities. Oral microbiology affecting hard and soft tissues. 7. journal club topic selection and presentation. Approach: • Didactic lectures on biostatistics and discussion on research methodology by eminent researchers. • Posting in department of anatomy for dissection of head. sophisticated instrumentation centers for electron microscopy and other techniques. Study of clinical changes and their significance to dental and oral diseases as related to oral pathology Forensic odontology Inter institutional postings such as cancer hospital. • Two – day P. face and neck. Probability. teaching methodology and use of audiovisual aids. chromosomal anomalies of oral tissues and single gene disorders. regional HIV detection centers. dermatology clinics. 8. 10. Measures of variability.G. COURSE CONTENTS: 1) BIOSTATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: • • • • • • • • • • Basic principles of biostatistics and study as applied to dentistry and research Collection/organization of data/measurement scales presentation of data and analysis.) Analysis of variance Association. 9. Library assignment.Development of teeth and dental tissues and developmental defects of oral and maxillofacial region and abnormalities of teeth • Maxillary sinus • Jaw muscles and facial muscles. 3) PHYSIOLOGY (GENERAL AND ORAL): • Saliva • Pain • Mastication • Taste • Deglutition . clinico-pathological meets. 6. correlation and regression. Estimating population values. library and main dissertation. maxilla. orientation course including general approach PG course. seminars. palate. lymphatic drainage and venous drainage of Oro dental tissues. 2) APPLIED GROSS ANATOMY OF HEAD AND NECK INCLUDING HISTOLOGY: • Temporomandibular joint • Trigeminal nerve and facial nerve • Muscles of mastication • Tongue • Salivary glands • Nerve supply. mandible.53 5. normal distribution and indicative statistics. A. • Embryology . University Dissertation.Development of face. Measures of central tendency. Genetics: Introduction modes of inheritance. Sampling and planning of health survey. Tests of significance (parametric/non-parametric qualitative methods.

7) GENERAL PATHOLOGY: • Inflammation and chemical mediators. 6) BIOCHEMISTRY: • Chemistry of carbohydrates. hemorrhage pathogenic mechanisms at molecular level and blood dyscrasias. • Detailed molecular aspects of DNA.) Blood and its constituents. 4) CELL BIOLOGY: • Cell-structure and function (ultrastructural and molecular aspects). necrosis. • Bacterial genetics. thrombosis. Theories of mineralization. pituitary.54 • • • • • • • Wound healing Vitamins (Influence on growth. cell – cell and cell – extra cellular matrix interactions. • Metabolism of carbohydrates. and radioactive techniques. disinfection and antiseptics. cell cycle and division. • Various techniques – cell fractionation and ultra filtration. lipids and proteins. muscle. • Biological oxidation. intercellular junctions. 8) GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY: • Definitions of various types of infections. cell cycle regulators. bone. Approach: • Topics to be covered as didactic lectures. • Routes of infection and spread • Sterilization. hematopoietic system. Spectrophotometry. neural tissue. Approach: To be covered as seminars and didactic lecture.) Calcium metabolism. and intracellular organelles. . Carcinogenesis and Neoplasia. Tooth eruption and shedding. • Postings in the department of anatomy and histology for slide discussion • Record book to be maintained. lipids and proteins. repair. degeneration. • Methods of identification and purification. Approach: To be covered as didactic lectures. Electrophoresis. transcription and translation and molecular biology techniques. • Postings to the department of biochemistry to familiarize with various techniques • Record book to be maintained. (Influence on growth. Hormones. embolism. lymphatic system. parathyroid) Approach: • Topics to be covered as didactic lectures. • Physiology and growth of microorganisms. development and structure of oral soft and hard tissues and paraoral tissues. RNA. shock. development and structure of oral soft and hard tissues and para oral tissues. centrifugation. Approach: To be covered as seminars and didactic lectures. endocrinal system (thyroid. 5) GENERAL HISTOLOGY: Light and electron microscopy considerations of Epithelial tissues and glands.

specific precautions and recent trends in diagnosis and prophylaxis. classification. Mycology: • General properties of fungi. pathogenesis. for laboratory diagnosis. • Staphylococci • Streptococci • Corynebacterium diphtheria • Mycobacteria • Clostridia. Approach: • To be covered as seminars and didactic lectures • Postings to the dept. mode of transmission. . pathogenicity. pathogenesis. molecular and biochemical aspects. • Immunological basis of the autoimmune phenomena. antigen and antibody reactions. and mode of infection. deep opportunistic infections. Herpes virus: list of viruses included. dental and paraoral tissues including their ultra structure. • Cell mediated immunity and Humoral immunity. pathogenesis. • Immunodeficiency with relevance to opportunistic infections. laboratory tests and their interpretation. universal precautions. • Study of morphology of permanent and deciduous teeth (Lectures and practical demonstrations to be given by PG students) Approach: • To be covered as seminars and didactic lectures. pathology of viral infections. common culture media. methods of prevention and control. Approach: To be covered as didactic lectures.55 Approach: • To be covered as seminars and didactic lectures. methods of prevention. lesions produced. broad classification of viruses. • Slide discussion on histological appearance of normal oral tissues. • Basic principles of transplantation and tumor immunity. bacteroides and fusobacteria • Actinomycetales • Spirochetes Virology: General properties: structure. and their interpretations. 9) BASIC IMMUNOLOGY: • Basic principles of immunity. • General principles of fungal infections. of microbiology to familiarize with relevant diagnostic methods • Record book to be maintained 11) ORAL BIOLOGY (ORAL AND DENTAL HISTOLOGY): • Structure and function of oral. type of infection. staining methods. 10) SYSTEMIC MICROBIOLOGY/APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY: Morphology. • Record book to be maintained. • Immunology of hypersensitivity. collection and transport of specimen. diagnosis rapid diagnosis method of collection of sample and examination for fungi. subcutaneous. Hepatitis virus: list of viruses. classification bases on disease. superficial. list of diagnostic tests. latency principles and laboratory diagnosis. Human Immunodeficiency virus: structure with relevance to laboratory diagnosis. interpretation of laboratory reports and antibiotic sensitivity tests.

tissue processing. histopathology. • Cysts of odontogenic origin • Dermatologic diseases. Approach: • To be covered as didactic lectures • Postings in centers where facilities are available for demonstration of routine molecular biology techniques. PCR. • Light microscopy and various other types including electron microscopy. development of lesion. SPECIALIZED HISTOTECHNIQUES AND SPECIAL STAINS: . viral and fungal infections) • Non – neoplastic disorders of salivary glands • Bone pathology • Hematological disorders • Physical and chemical injuries. microbiology. Approach: • Topics to be covered as seminars. western blotting. • Periodontal diseases • Oral manifestations of systemic diseases • Facial pain and neuromuscular disorders including TMJ disorders • Regressive alterations of teeth CLINICAL PATHOLOGY: • Laboratory investigations – Hematology. • Biopsy procedures for oral lesions. • To attend interdepartmental meetings. • Record book to be maintained ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES: • Submission of synopsis of dissertation at the end of six months. decalcified sections. • Part – I year ending examination to be conducted by the college. • Pulpal and Periapical diseases • Infections of oral and Para oral regions (bacterial. principles and theories of staining techniques • Microscope. • Processing of tissues for Paraffin lesions. • Journal clubs and seminars to be presented by every post graduate student twice a month. ORAL PATHOLOGY • Developmental defects of oral and maxillofacial region and abnormalities of teeth • Dental caries (Introduction. sequelae and immunology). • To attend dental camps based on the survey to be done. acid production in plaque. • Preparation of ground and decalcified sections. 13) BASIC HISTO TECHNIQUES AND MICROSCOPY: • Routine hematological tests and clinical significance of the same. Microbiology and Urine analysis • Postings to Clinical Pathology for relevant training • Record book to be maintained. • Methods of tissue preparation for ground sections. allergic and Immunological diseases. root caries. • Record book to be maintained.56 • Record book to be maintained. 12) BASIC MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND TECHNIQUES: experimental aspects – DNA extraction. Epidemiology. sectioning and staining. response of dentine – pulp unit. • Routine stains. principles and theories of microscopy. • Microtome and principles of microtomy. cariogenic bacterial including properties.

Bite marks rugae patterns and lip prints. epidemiology. clinical presentation and diagnosis. Diagnosis and Radiology and Oral and Maxillo-facial surgery Record of case histories to be maintained DERMATOLOGY: Study of selected mucocutaneous lesions-etiopathogenesis. development of lesion. histopathology. diagnosis. radiodiagnosis and treatment modalities. tumor like lesions and Premalignant lesions affecting the hard and soft tissues of oral and paraoral tissues Tumour markers Approach: To be covered as seminars Posting to a Cancer center to amiliarize with the pathological appearances. Approach: • Posting to the dept of Dermatology of a Medical college • Topics to be covered as Seminars • Record of cases seen to be maintained. Approach: To be covered as seminars . cariogenic bacteria including properties. Immunohistochemistry Preparation of frozen sections and cytological smears Approach: Training to be imparted in the department or in other institutions having the facility Record book to be maintained RECORDING OF CASE HISTORY AND CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL DISCUSSIONS: Approach: Posting to the department of Oral medicine. acid production in plaque. microbiology. identification of deceased individual-dental importance. ORAL ONCOLOGY: Detailed study including Pathogenesis. pathology. medico-legal evidences post mortem examination of violence around mouth and neck.57 Special staining techniques for different tissues. molecular and biochemical changes of various tumors. sequelae and immunology) • Tumor immunology • Infections of Pulp and Periapical and periodontal tissues • Oral sepsis and Bacterimia • Microbial genetics • Infections of oral and Para oral regions (bacterial. viral and fungal infections) Approach: To be covered as seminars FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY: Legal procedures like inquest. root caries. response of dentin-pulp unit. ORAL MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY: • Normal Oral microbial flora • Defense mechanism of the oral cavity • Microbiology and immunology of Dental caries and Periodontal diseases • Dental caries (Introduction.

and radiodiagnosis and treatment modalities HISTOPATHOLOGY – SLIDE DISCUSSION: Record book to be maintained LABORATORY TECHNIQUES AND DIAGNOSIS: • Routine hematological tests and clinical significance of the same • Biopsy procedures for oral lesions • Processing of tissues for Paraffin sections • Microtome and principles of microtomy • Routine stains. principles and theories of staining techniques • Microscope. Approach: Seminars & Slide discussions. EXPERIMENTAL ASPECTS OF ORAL DISEASES: Approach: Posting is desirable in Centers where animal experimentation is carried out to familiarize with laboratory techniques. upkeep & care of experimental animals. • Bone pathology • Physical and chemical injuries. Journal Clubs & Group discussions. diagnosis. • Special stains and staining techniques for different tissues • Immunohistochemistry • Preparation of frozen sections and cytological smears OTHER TOPICS IN ORAL PATHOLOGY. ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES: • Library assignment to be submitted at the end of 6 months • Commencement of dissertation work • Journal clubs and seminars to be presented by every PG student • Clinico – pathological discussions once in a month by every PG student • To attend interdepartmental meetings. • Year ending examination (theory and practical) to be conducted by the college. allergic and Immunological diseases. Detailed description of diseases affecting oral mucosa.58 Posting to a Cancer center to familiarize with the pathological appearances. • Cysts of odontogenic origin • Oral manifestations of systemic diseases Approach: To be covered as seminars Slide discussions of the same Record book to be maintained . decalcified sections. RECENT ADVANCES IN ORAL PATHOLOGY: Approach: Update of knowledge in Oral Pathology through study of recent journals & Internet browsing. teeth. • Lecture and practical classes and slide discussions to be taken for II BDS students in oral and dental anatomy. Record notebook to be maintained. principles and theories of microscopy • Light microscopy and various other types including electron microscopy • Methods of tissue preparation for ground sections. Training in histo-pathology slide reporting. dental histology and oral physiology. • Non-neoplastic disorders of salivary glands. supporting tissues & jaws Cysts of the oral & Para-oral regions Systemic diseases affecting oral cavity.

proteins and fats Vitamins and minerals Fluid and electrolyte balance Pain pathway and mechanism-types. blood supply. venous and lymphatic drainage of head and neck Lymph nodes of head and neck Structure and relations of alveolar process and edentulous mouth Genetics-fundamentals B. Internet Browsing. histology. PUBLIC HEALTH DENTISTRY COURSE CONTENTS: Applied Basic Sciences I. six months before the Final Examination • Study of Journals. Innervations of dentin and pulp Periodontium-development. Applied Anatomy in relation to: Development of face Bronchial arches Muscles of facial expression Muscles of mastication TMJ Salivary gland Tongue Salivary gland Tongue Hard and soft palate Infratemporal fossa Paranasal air sinuses Pharynx and larynx Cranial and spinal nerves.59 ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES: • Visit to center of Animal experimentation to familiarize with Laboratory techniques.D. upkeep and care of animals • Completion of Dissertation work and submission of the same. glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerve Osteology of maxilla and mandible Blood supply. APPLIED ANATOMY AND HISTOLOGY: A. 7.S students in Oral pathology and Microbiology • Reporting of histopathology slides • Journal clubs and Seminars to be presented by every post graduate student twice a month • Clinico-pathological discussions by every student once in a month • To attend Inter-departmental meetings. properties . and group discussions. facial. Oral Histology Development of dentition. nerve supply and lymphatic drainage Oral mucous membrane Pulp-periodontal complex II. to update knowledge in the recent advances in Oral Pathology • Lecture and Practical demonstrations for third B. APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY: Cell Mastication and deglutition Food and nutrition Metabolism of carbohydrates.with emphasis on trigeminal.

tranquilizers and antipyretics Important hormones-ACTH. standardization. noradrenaline. supporting tissues and jaws. IV. insulin and oral antidiabetics. parathyroid. ORAL PATHOLOGY: • Detailed description of diseases affecting the oral mucosa.Autoimmune diseases C. III.60 Blood composition and functions.Antigen and antibody system . herpes. periodontal disease. MICROBIOLOGY: • Microbial flora of oral cavity • Bacteriology of dental caries and periodontal disease • Methods of sterilization • Virology of HIV. Dynamics of blood flow Cardiovascular homeostasis-heart sounds Respiratory system: Normal physiology and variations in health and diseases. cortisone. atropine Brief mention of antihypertensive drugs Emergency drugs in dental practice Vitamins and haemopoietic drugs . various studies of different races by anthropological methods APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY: • • • • • • • • • • • Definition. bioassay. Drug addiction and tolerance Important pharmacological agents in connection with autonomic nervous systemadrenaline. A. Local anesthesia Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs Hypnotics. Endocrine regulation of blood sugar. APPLIED PATHOLOGY: Pathogenic mechanism of molecular level Cellular changes following injury Inflammation and chemical mediators Oedema. Blood groups and transfusions. oral mucosal lesions. and malignancies. clotting mechanism and erythropoiesis.Hypersensitivity . pharmacodyanamics. Asphyxia and artificial respiration Endocrinology: thyroid. thrombosis and embolism Hemorrhage and shock Neoplasia and metastasis Blood disorders Histopathology and pathogenesis of dental caries.Cellular and humoral immunity . mode of action. teeth. Introduction and definition Appreciation of the biological basis of health and disease Evolution of human race. PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY: • • • V. pituitary. scope and relations to other branches of medicine. Chemotherapy of bacterial infections and viral infections – sulphonamides and antibiotics. hepatitis • Parasitology • Basic immunology – basic concepts of immune system in human body . pharmcokinetics. Pulse and blood pressure. HIV Propagation of dental infection B. adrenals. sex hormones and pregnancy.

concepts and philosophy of dental health • History of public health in India and at international level • Terminologies used in public health HEALTH: • Definition. quantification. natural history. 3. methods. multimedia knowledge. international standards of water • Domestic and industrial toxins. aims. bias. epidemic. risk factors • Methods in epidemiology. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY – definitions. principles of health education • Health education. models. records and analysis. descriptive.various methods and sanitation PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION: • Definition. concepts and philosophy of health • Health indicators • Community and its characteristics and relation to health DISEASE: • Definition. uses and limitations of bio – statistics in Public Health dentistry. presentation of data. mostly non-infectious nature. errors. measures of dispersion. preparation of teaching materials like slides. concepts • Multifactorial causation. parametric and non parametric tests of significance. 4. correlation and regression. infection of specific diseases • Vaccines and immunization GENERAL EPIDEMIOLOGY: • Definition and aims. and pandemic. Public Health 1. trial and calibration COMPUTERS – Basic operative skills in analysis of data and knowledge of multimedia. objectivity in methodology. BIOSTATISTICS – introduction. experimental and classic epidemiology of specific diseases. sampling and sampling techniques – types. 5. types of research. 6. Microsoft office. PUBLIC HEALTH: • Definition. uses of epidemiology • Duties of epidemiologist • General idea of method of investigating chronic diseases. contents. evaluation and causation. noise. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND BIOSTATISTICS: HEALTH INFORMATICS – basic understanding of computers and its components. ionizing radiation • Occupational hazards • Waster disposal. analytical. designing written protocol for research.61 VI. soil. • Ethical conversation in any study requirement • New knowledge regarding ethical subjects • Screening of diseases and standard procedures used ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH: • Impact of important components of the environment of health • Principles and methods of identification. planning health education programs 2. methods of summarizing. natural history. measures of central tendency. applications. general principles • Multifactorial causation. project. . multivariate analysis. operating software (Windows). evaluation and control of such health hazards • Pollution of air. collection of data. water. risk factors • Disease control and eradication. food • Water purification. endemic.

anxiety. DENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH: • History • Definition and concepts of dental public health • Differences between clinical and community dentistry • Critical review of current practice . Dental council of India. Dental Public Health 1. dentist-patient relationship. 12. social group.Answer to current health problems 9. its effect on oral health. motivation.dentist – patient relationships & Legal forms of practice • Dental malpractice • Person identification through dentistry • Legal protection for practicing dentist • Consumer protection act NUTRITION IN PUBLIC HEALTH: • Study of science of nutrition and its application to human problem • Nutritional surveys and their evaluations • Influence of nutrition and diet on general health and oral health. 10. 13. personalities. learning. Gene structure.62 7. gene typing • Genetic approaches in the study of oral disorders • Genetic Engineering . 8. RNA • Genetic counseling.O. organizational structures • Types of practices • Biomedical waste management HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM: • International oral health care delivery systems – Review • Central and state system in general and oral health care delivery system if any • National and health policy • National health programme • Primary health care – concepts. family types. oral health in PHC and its implications • National and international health organizations • Dentists Act 1928. Ethics.H. modeling and experience HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION: • Departmental maintenance. Indian Dental Association • Role of W. fear. 11. • Psychology: definition. periodontal disease and oral cancers • Dietary constituents and cariogenecity • Guidelines for nutrition BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES: • Definition and introduction • Sociology: social class. fear and phobia. culture. dental caries. development of child psychology. communities and social relationships. DNA. and Voluntary organizations in Health Care for the Community ORAL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS: • A detailed study of cell structure • Introduction to Genetics. PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE AND ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM IN INDIA. ETHICS AND JURISPRUDENCE: • Basic principles of law • Contract laws. intelligence.

periodontal disease malocclusion. 5. governmental control PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY: • Levels of prevention • Preventive oral health programs screening. gingival. • Fluoride -History -Mechanism of action -Metabolism -Fluoride toxicity -Fluorosis -Systemic and topical preparations -Advantages and disadvantages of each -Update regarding Fluorosis -Epidemiological studies -Methods of fluoride supplements -Defluoridation techniques • Plaque control measures-Health Education -Personal oral hygiene -Tooth brushing technique -Dentifrices. mouth rinses • Pit and fissure sealant.Incremental and comprehensive care • Private practice and group practice • Oral health policy – National and international policy PAYMENT FOR DENTAL CARE: • Prepayment • Post-payment • Reimbursement plans • Voluntary agencies • Health insurance EVALUATION OF QUALITY OF DENTAL CARE: • Problems in public and private oral health care system program • Evaluation of quality of services. ORAL SURVEY PROCEDURES: • Planning • Implementation • WHO basic oral health methods 1997 • Indices for dental diseases and conditions • Evaluation DELIVERY OF DENTAL CARE: • Dental person power – dental auxiliaries • Dentist – population ratios. dental Fluorosis. health education and motivation • Prevention of all dental diseases-dental caries. • Public dental care programs • School dental health programs. TMJ disorders and other oral health related problems. ART • Preventive oral health care for medically compromised individual 3. 7. handicapped and institutionalized group 2. oral cancer. . malocclusion and Dentofacial anomalies • Role of dentist in prevention of oral diseases at individual and community level.63 • Dental problems of specific population groups such as chronically ill. oral cancer. 6. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ORAL DISEASES AND CONDITIONS: • Dental caries. periodontal diseases. 4.

In addition the post graduate shall assist and guide the under graduate students in their clinical and field programs 8. light cured • Minimal Invasive Treatment-Preventive Resin Restorations (PRR). Tooth Surface Index for Fluorosis. 4. Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride preparations and Fluoride varnishes. Learning different criteria and instruments used in various oral indices • Oral Hygiene Index – Greene and Vermillion • Oral Hygiene Index – Simplified • DMF – DMF (T). Stannous Fluoride. Carrying out school dental health education 2. • Topical Fluoride application – Sodium Fluoride.64 • • • 8. To take lecture classes (2) for Undergraduate students in order to learn teaching methods (pedagogy) on assigned topic. DMF (S) • Def t/s • Fluorosis Indices – Dean’s Fluorosis Index. and geriatric populations. 6. 3. Update on recent preventive modalities Caries vaccines Dietary counseling PRACTICE MANAGEMENT: • Definition • Principles of management of dental practice and types • Organization and administration of dental practice • Ethical and legal issues in dental practice • Current trends CLINICAL TRAINING-CONTINUATION OF THE CLINICAL TRAINING: 1. • Pit and Fissure Sealant Planning total health care for school children in an adopted school: a) Periodic surveying of school children b) Incremental dental care c) Comprehensive dental care 5. Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride preparations and Fluoride varnishes. Planning dental manpower and financing dental health care for the above group. Clinical assessment of patient 2. Application of the following preventive measures in clinic-10 Cases each. Expectant mothers Handicapped. Stannous Fluoride. Fluoride mouth rinses • Pit and Fissure Sealant – chemically cured (GIC). Organizing and conducting community oral health surveys for all oral conditions-3 surveys 7. Thylstrup and Fejerskov Index • Community Periodontal Index (CPI) • Plaque Index-Silness and Loe • WHO Oral Health Assessment Form – 1987 • Carrying out treatment (under comprehensive oral health care) of 10 patients – maintaining complete records FIELD PROGRAM – CONTINUATION OF FIELD PROGRAM: 1. Assessing oral health status of various target groups like School children. CLINICAL TRAINING: . School based preventive programs• Topical Fluoride application-Sodium Fluoride. Underprivileged. Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) • Organizing and carrying out dental camps in both urban and rural areas.

Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride preparations • Pit and Fissure sealants Dental – health education training of school teachers. 8. PAEDODONTICS & PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY COURSE CONTENTS: 1. stages of psychological child development. Applied Anatomy & genetics Applied Physiology Applied Pathology Nutrition and Dietics Growth & Development: Prenatal and Postnatal development of cranium. health workers. Stannous Fluoride. Features & Preventive Management. • Topical Fluoride application – Sodium Fluoride.65 1. Chronology of dental development and development of occlusion. 9. intelligence in children. Child Psychology: Development & Classification of behavior. social workers. a student must have attended two national conferences. face. Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride preparations and Fluoride varnishes. Attempts should be made to present two scientific papers. teeth and supporting structures. Pit and Fissures Sealants. Stannous Fluoride. 4.pharmacological & Pharmacological methods. theories of child psychology. . 2. 3. 5.D. Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) To take lecture classes (2) for Undergraduate students in order to learn teaching methods (pedagogy) on assigned topic Exercise on solving community health problems – 10 problems Application of the following preventive measures in clinic – 10 cases each. Child Abuse & Dental Neglect Conscious Sedation.. highrisk caries including rampant & extensive caries – Recognition. Clinical assessment of patient Learning different criteria and instruments used in various oral indices – 5 each • Oral Hygiene Index – Greene and Vermillion • Oral Hygiene Index – Simplified • DMF – DMF (T). Before completing the third year M. 6. Thylstrup and Fejerskov Index • Community Periodontal Index (CPI) • Plaque Index-Silness and Loe • WHO Oral Health Assessment Form – 1987 • Carrying out treatment (under comprehensive oral health care) of 10 patients – maintaining complete records Carrying out school dental health education School based preventive programs• Topical Fluoride application – Sodium Fluoride. 7. apprehension & its management Behavior Management: Non. chair side preventive measures for dental diseases. 1. 4. 2. 8. • Pit and Fissure Sealant • Minimal Invasive Techniques – Preventive Resin Restorations (PRR). Oral Hygiene measures. fear anxiety. Correlation of brushing with dental caries and periodontal diseases. 5. DMF (S) • Def t/s • Fluorosis Indices – Dean’s Fluorosis Index. Diet & Nutrition as related to dental caries. 10. Dimensional changes in dental arches. 4. jaws. Tooth Surface Index for Fluorosis. publication of a scientific article in a journal. personality. Deep Sedation & General Anesthesia in Pediatric Dentistry: (Including Other Drugs. Diet Counseling 2. Synergic & Antagonistic Actions of Various Drugs Used in Children Preventive Pedodontics: Concepts.S. 3. Cephalometric evaluation of growth. 6. Posting at dental satellite centers/ nodal centers In addition the post graduate shall assist and guide the under graduate students in their clinical and field programs 3.

tongue thrusting. Pulpectomy (Materials & Methods). Prosthetic consideration in Paediatric Dentistry. Immunology of dental caries. h. • Sequalae & reaction of teeth to trauma. Amalgam & latest material (gallium) • Stainless steel. Removable appliances: Basic principles.66 7. A comprehensive review of the local and systemic factors in the causation of malocclusion. b. Traumatic Injuries in Children: • Classifications & Importance. Controversies & recent concepts. 10. analysis. Young permanent teeth and permanent teeth. c. Oral Habits in Children: • Definition. 11. Video imaging & advance Cephalometric techniques). Recognition and management of normal and abnormal developmental occlusions in primary. 8. • Management of jaw fracture in children. Pathogenesis. contemporary appliances: Design & Fabrication f. contemporary appliances: Design & Fabrication g. Microbiology & Immunology as related to Oral Diseases in Children: Basic concepts. Histopathology. Pediatric Endodontics: a. . Biology of tooth movement: A comprehensive review of the principles of teeth movement. Pulp capping. Image processing. Etiology & Classification • Clinical features of digit sucking. Recent advances in Pediatric diagnosis and Endodontics. Apexogenesis. Silver. Behavioral. Review of contemporary literature. c. Pulpotomy. Apexification. Dental Plaque: Definition. Space Management: Etiology. • Various Isolation Techniques • Restorations of decayed primary. Clinical features & Management of children with: • Physically handicapping conditions • Mentally compromising conditions 9. Concepts of occlusion and esthetics: Structure and function of all anatomic components of occlusion. Tumors. Biomechanics. • Management of Traumatized teeth with latest concepts. 13. Case selection & diagnosis in interceptive Orthodontics (Cephalometrics. Primary Dentition: . Histopathology of bone and Periodontal ligament. Interceptive Orthodontics: a. • Modifications required for cavity preparation in primary and young permanent teeth. mixed and permanent dentitions in children (Occlusal Guidance). Auto Immune diseases. e. Periodontal diseases. Gingival & Periodontal diseases in Children: • Normal Gingiva & Periodontium in children. Radiation hygiene. Biochemistry. Molecular and ultra cellular consideration in tooth movement. young permanent and permanent teeth in children using various restorative material like Glass Ionomer. Planned extraction in interception orthodontics. d. Pulpotomy. recording of masticatory function. • Management of oral habits in children Dental care of Children with special needs: – Definition Etiology. immune system in human body. Tracing. b. Concepts. 15. mechanics of articulations. current & latest including tooth colored materials. Diagnosis of space problems. Prevention & Management Pediatric Operative Dentistry • Principle Of Operative Dentistry along with modifications of materials/past. Initiation. and Morphology & Metabolism.Diagnosis of pulpal diseases and their management – Pulp capping. Polycarbonate & Resin Crowns / Veneers & fibre pvit systems. relationship of TMJ anatomy and pathology and related neuromuscular physiology. Oral Mucosal lesions etc. Pathogenesis. • Gingival & Periodontal diseases – Etiology. 14. mouth breathing & various other secondary habits. 16. Classification. Pathogenesis. 12. diagnosis of Occlusal dysfunction. Composites. Myofunctional appliances: Basic principles. Techniques and Materials used for different procedures.

Classification. 19. Pathogenesis. Dental Health Education & School Dental Health Programmes Dental health concepts. 30. 26.67 • Medically compromising conditions • Genetic disorders Oral manifestations of Systemic Conditions in Children & their Management Management of Minor Oral Surgical Procedures in Children Dental Radiology as related to Pediatric Dentistry Cariology • Historical background • Definition. 18. Counseling in Padeiatric Dentistry Case History Recording. Emerging concept in Paediatric Dentistry of scope of lasen/minimum inovasive procedures : Paediatric Dentistry. 21. Caries prediction. Outline of principles of examination. Comprehensive Infant Oral Health Care. 29. 23. 31. 17. 24. 28. aeitology. Preventive Dentistry: • Definition • Principles & Scope • Types of prevention • Different preventive measures used in Pediatric Dentistry including fissure sealants and caries vaccine. Epidemiology: Concepts. stomatological conditions. 35. 34. 25. nasoalvcile bone remodeling. Methods of recording & evaluation of various oral diseases. Fabrication of a. young permanent and permanent teeth in children. feeding. 36. Definition. Clinical features & Management. • Role of diet and nutrition in Dental Caries • Dietary modifications & Diet counseling. Aeitology & Pathogenesis • Caries pattern in primary. mucosal lesions. diagnosis & treatment planning. 22. Dental Health delivery system. viral infections etc. 20. Basic wire bending exercises 3. • Rampant caries. Medicological aspects in Paediatric Dentistry with emphasis on informed concept. Setting up of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry Clinic. Maxillary bite plate / Hawley’s’ . Congenital Abnormalities in Children: Definition. 32. early childhood caries and extensive caries. Carving of all deciduous teeth 2. 33. speech rehabilitation. • Defluoridation techniques. Dental Materials used in Pediatric Dentistry. Principles of Bio-Statistics & Research Methodology & Understanding of Computers and Photography Comprehensive cleft care management with emphasis on counseling. Public Health measures related to children along with principles of Pediatric Preventive Dentistry Fluorides: • Historical background • Systemic & Topical fluorides • Mechanism of action • Toxicity & Management. teething disorders. Clinical features. Effects of civilization and environment. 37. Preclinical Work (Duration – first 6 Months of First Year MDS) (One On Each Exercise) 1. • Subjective & objective methods of Caries detection with emphasis on Caries Activity tests. Various national & global trends of epidemiology of oral diseases. Dental Emergencies in Children and their Management. Complications & Management. 27. Caries susceptibility & their clinical Applications Pediatric Oral Medicine & Clinical Pathology: Recognition & Management of developmental dental anomalies.

Drawing of section and shapes of pulp c. bitewing radiographs of children b. Maxillary expansion screw appliance c. Fixed Space maintainers • Band & long loop space maintainer • Band & short loop space maintainer • Mayne’s space maintainer • Transpalatal arch space maintainer • Nance Palatal holding arch • Nance Palatal holding arch with canine stoppers • Gerber space regainer • Distal shoe appliance a. Oral Hygiene Index c. Suteering. . 7. Active space maintainers b. Phantom Head Excersies : Performing ideal cavity preparation for various restorative materials for both Deciduous and permanent teeth d. Fixed type iii. Arch holding device d. Computation of: a. b. prcing & perm. Sectioning of the teeth at various levels and planes b. Canine retractor appliance d. various pvit system. 4. Fabrication of splints b. Making of inclined plane appliance g. occlusal. 5. All habit breaking appliances i. ii) Preparation of teeth for various types of crowns iii) Laminates/veneers iv) Bonding & banding exercise Performing of behavioral rating and IQ tests for children. tuli a. Fluorris Index Surgical Exercises : a. Performing pulpotomy. Taking of periapical. Functional space maintainer Basics for spot welding exercise Collection of extracted deciduous and permanent teeth a. Removable type• Unilateral Non – Functional space maintainer • Bilateral Non-Functional space maintainer • Unilateral functional space maintainer • Bilateral functional space maintainer b. Feeding appliances Basic soldering exercise I – making of a lamppost of stainless steel wire pieces of different gauges soldered on either side of heavy gauge main post. Two Myofunctional appliance f. Tracing of soft tissue dental and skeletal landmarks as observed on Cephalometric radiographs and drawing of various planes and angles. 3. Type of Wiring c. For guiding the eruption of first permanent molar c. thus obtained c. 5. Partially fixed and removable e. Periodontal Index d. 6. Removable type ii. root canal treatment and Apexification procedure i) Tooth preparation and fabrication of various temporary and permanent restorations on fractured anterior teeth. further interpretation of Cephalometric radiographs is analysis. 2. Space Regainers – • Hawley’s appliances with Helical space regainer • Removable appliance with Slingshot space regainer • Removable appliance with Dumbell space regainer c. 4. Developing and processing of films. Fabrication of space maintainers a.68 b. Caries index and performing various caries activity test.

150 20 15 20 50 05 30 20 05 30 3 2 02 10 01 08 05 01 50 7 3 08 20 02 12 07 02 70 10 10 10 20 02 10 08 02 6. Management of Dental Caries (I) Class I (II) Class II (III) Other Restorations (b). 11. Synopsis Clinical work Requirements from 7 to 36 months The following is the minimum requirement to be completed before the candidate can be considered eligible to appear in the final M. • Apexification & Apexogenesis Stainless Steel Crowns Other Crowns Fixed : Space Maintainers Habit breaking appliances Removable : Space Maintainers Habit brceking appliances Functional Appliances Preventive measures like fluoride applications & Pit & Fissure Sealants applications with complete followup and diet counseling Special Assignments (i) School Dental Health Programmes 20 03 08 01 08 01 04 01 12. 7 1 4 2 5.D. treatment planning and presentation of cases with chair side and discussion Step-by-step chair side preventive dentistry scheduled for high risk children with gingival and periodontal diseases &Dental Caries Practical application of Preventive dentistry concepts in a class of 35-50 children& Dental Health Education & Motivation. 9. Clinical Work Behavior Management of different age groups children with complete records.69 d. 11 1 5 5 4. Management of traumatized anterior teeth (c ) Aesthetic Restorations (d). Library assignment 9. Detailed Case evaluation with complete records. Pediatric Endodontic Procedures • Deciduous teeth Pulpotomy/Pulpectomy • • Permanent Molars Permanent Incisor 50 100 100 15 25 30 40 20 04 05 10 50 50 06 10 10 10 30 05 10 Total 17 7 To 12 Months 2 13 To 24 Months 10 25 To 36 Months 5 2.S Examinations: No. 7. . (a). Mixed dentition cast analysis 8. 1. 17 2 10 5 3. 10. Pediatric Operative Dentistry with application of recent concepts. 8.

3.. 9. Library usage 14. Laboratory usage 15. 7. 5. Microbiology. 5. However a strict division of the subject may not be possible and some overlapping of topics is inevitable. Continuing Dental Health Programme (The figures given against Sl. ORAL MEDICINE AND RADIOLOGY COURSE CONTENTS: Applied Basic Sciences Applied Anatomy 1. 12. 6. 2. Physiology. 8. 11. 6. 13. Clinical Paedodontics 1. 4. 8. 16. 17.70 (ii) Camps etc. Nutrition & Dietics. Gross anatomy of the face: . No. Growth & Development and Dental plaque. 9. 4. 4 to 12 are the minimum number of recommended procedures to be performed) Applied Basic Sciences : Applied Anatomy. 14. 2. Conscious sedation. Genetics. 3. 15. Child Psychology Behavior Management Child Abuse & Dental Neglect Preventive Pedodontics Cariology Preventive Dentistry Dental Health Education & School Dental Health Programmes: Fluorides Epidemiology Comprehensive Infant Oral Health Care/Comprehensive cleft care Principles of Bio-Statistics & Research Methodology & Understanding of Computers and Photography Essay * The topics assigned to the different papers are generally evaluated under those sections. Students should be prepared to answer overlapping topics. 02 01 01 - 13. 10. 10. 7. 9. Deep Sedation & General Anesthesia in Pediatric Dentistry Gingival & Periodontal Diseases in Children Pediatric Operative Dentistry Pediatric Endodontics Traumatic Injuries in Children Interceptive Orthodontics Oral Habits in children Dental Care of Children with special needs Oral Manifestations of Systemic Conditions in Children & their Management Management of Minor Oral Surgical Procedures in Children Dental Radiology as Related to Pediatric Dentistry Pediatric Oral Medicine & Clinical Pathology Congenital Abnormalities in Children Dental Emergencies in Children & Their Management Dental Materials Used in Pediatric Dentistry Case History Recording Setting up of Pedodontic & Preventive Dentistry Clinic Preventive and Community Dentistry as applied to Pediatric Dentistry 1. 11. Pathology.

3. Jugular system Internal jugular External jugular e. XI. 3. palate. Carotid system of arteries. IX. 5. VII. Vestibule and oral cavity proper b. IX. age changes and evaluation of mandible in detail 2. 3. paranasal air sinuses Pharyngeal apparatus in detail including the floor of the primitive pharynx Development of tooth in detail and the age changes Development of salivary glands Congenital anomalies of face must be dealt in detail. 4. 5. Sympathetic chain k. 4. ossification. 5. Study of epithelium of oral cavity and the respiratory tract Connective tissue Muscular tissue Nervous tissue Blood vessels Cartilage Bone and tooth . 7. Lateral wall of nasal cavity c. Facial vein e. Nasal septum b. Cranial nerves. VII. & XII • Thyroid • Parathyroid l. Facial artery d. Triangles of the neck with special reference to Carotid. Muscles derived from Pharyngeal arches h. Development of face. Parotid gland and its relations Neck region: a. EMBRYOLOGY: 1. 2. XI. 4. Paranasal air sinuses Pharynx: Gross salient features of brain and spinal cord with references to attachment of cranial nerves to the brainstem Detailed study of the cranial nerve nuclei of V. XII Osteology: Comparative study of fetal and adult skull Mandible: Development. 6. Cervical plane g. Facial nerve c. HISTOLOGY: 1. Endocrine glands Pituitary j. 2. Digastric triangles and midline structures b. Tongue and teeth c.V. nasal septum and nasal cavity. Lymphatic drainage f. Infratemporal fossa in detail and temporomandibular joint i. Vertebral Artery. Palate – soft and hard Nasal Cavity a.71 a. and Subclavian arteries d. Muscles of Facial Expression And Muscles Of Mastication b. X. Exocrine glands • Parotid • Thyroid • Parathyroid Oral Cavity: a. Facial spaces c.

8. 9. 10. Tongue Salivary glands Tonsil, thymus, lymph nodes

PHYSIOLOGY: 1. • • • • General Physiology: Cell Body Fluid Compartments - Classification - Composition Cellular transport RMP and action potential

MUSCLE NERVE PHYSIOLOGY: 1. 2. 3. 4. Structure of a neuron and properties of nerve fibers Structure of muscle fibers and properties of muscle fibers Neuromuscular transmission Mechanism of muscle contraction

BLOOD: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. RBC and Hb WBC – Structure and functions Platelets – functions and applied aspects Plasma proteins Blood Coagulation with applied aspects Blood groups Lymph and applied aspects

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: • • • • • • Air passages, composition of air, dead space, mechanics of respiration with pressure and volume changes Lung volumes and capacities and applied aspects Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport Neural regulation of respiration Chemical regulation of respiration Hypoxia, effects of increased barometric pressure and decreased barometric pressure

CARDIO-VASCULAR SYSTEM: • • • • Cardiac Cycle Regulation of heart rate/ Stroke volume / cardiac output / blood flow Regulation of blood pressure Shock, hypertension, cardiac failure

EXCRETORY SYSTEM: • Renal function tests Gastro – intestinal tract: Composition, functions and regulation of: • Saliva • Gastric juice • Pancreatic juice • Bile and intestinal juice • Mastication and deglutition

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: • • • • • • Harmones – classification and mechanism of action Hypothalamic and pituitary hormones Thyroid harmones Parathyroid harmones and calcium homeostasis Pancreatic harmones Adrenal harmones

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM: • Ascending tract with special references to pain pathway

SPECIAL SENSES: • Gustation and Olfaction

BIOCHEMISTRY: 1. Carbohydrates – Disaccharides specifically maltose, lactose, sucrose - Digestion of starch/absorption of glucose - Metabolism of glucose, specifically glycolysis, TCA cycle, gluconeogenesis - Blood sugar regulation - Glycogen storage regulation - Glycogen storage diseases - Galactosemia and fructosemia 2. Lipids - Fatty acids- Essential/non essential - Metabolism of fatty acids- oxidation, ketone body formation, utilization ketosis - Outline of cholesterol metabolism- synthesis and products formed from cholesterol 3. Protein - Amino acids- essential/non essential, complete/ incomplete proteins - Transamination/ Deamination (Definition with examples) - Urea cycle - Tyrosine-Harmones synthesized from tyrosine - In born errors of amino acid metabolism - Methionine and transmethylation 4. Nucleic Acids - Purines/Pyrimidines - Purine analogs in medicine - DNA/RNA – Outline of structure - Transcription/translation - Steps of protein synthesis - Inhibitors of protein synthesis - Regulation of gene function 5. Minerals - Calcium/Phosphorus metabolism specifically regulation of serum calcium levels - Iron metabolism - Iodine metabolism - Trace elements in nutrition 6. Energy Metabolism - Basal metabolic rate - Specific dynamic action (SDA) of foods 7. Vitamins

Mainly these vitamins and their metabolic role- specifically vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine

PATHOLOGY: 1. Inflammation: • Repair and regeneration, necrosis and gangrene • Role of complement system in acute inflammation • Role of arachidonic acid and its metabolites in acute inflammation • Growth factors in acute inflammation • Role of molecular events in cell growth and intercellular signaling cell surface receptors • Role of NSAIDS in inflammation • Cellular changes in radiation injury and its manifestations Homeostasis: • Role of Endothelium in thrombo – genesis • Arterial and venous thrombi • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Shock: • Pathogenesis of hemorrhagic, neurogenic, septic, cardiogenic shock, circulatory disturbances, ischemic hyperemia, venous congestion, edema, infarction Chromosomal Abnormalities: • Marfan’s syndrome • Ehler’s Danlos Syndrome • Fragile X Syndrome Hypersensitivity: • Anaphylaxis • Type II Hypersensitivity • Type III Hypersensitivity • Cell mediated Reaction and its clinical importance • Systemic Lupus Erythmatosus • Infection and infective granulomas Neoplasia: • Classification of Tumors • Carcinogenesis & Carcinogens – Chemical, Viral and Microbial • Grading and Staging of Cancer, tumor Angiogenesis, Paraneoplastic Syndrome • Spread of tumors • Characteristics of benign and malignant tumors Others: • Sex linked agamaglobulinemia • AIDS • Management of Immune deficiency patients requiring surgical procedures • De George’s Syndrome • Ghons complex, post primary pulmonary tuberculosis – pathology and pathogenesis PHAMACOLOGY: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Definition of terminologies used Dosage and mode of administration of drugs Action and fate of drugs in the body Drugs acting on the CNS Drug addiction, tolerance and hypersensitive reactions General and local anesthetics, hypnotics, antiepileptics, and & tranquilizers Chemotherapeutics and antibiotics Analgesics and anti – pyretics Anti – tubercular and anti – syphilitic drugs Antiseptics, sialogogues, and anti – sialogogues Haematinics

13. Anti – diabetics Vitamins – A B Complex. & Endocrinal conditions with oral manifestations Neuromuscular diseases affecting oro –facial region Salivary gland disorders Tongue in oral and systemic diseases TMJ dysfunction and diseases Concept of immunity as related to oro – facial lesions. 11. 4. 10. 8. 6. History of radiology. 21.75 12. 10. Metabolic. Nutritional. 5. 5. 3. E. 8. 3. 25. property of x – rays Biological effects of radiation Filtration of collimation. 7. 16. 20. 12. Neoplasms. therapeutics and laboratory investigations 1. 17. congenital. 13. 17. K Steroids Oral And Maxillofacial Radiology Study includes Seminars / lectures / Demonstrations 1. and other radiolucent pathologies Radiation protection and ICRP guidelines Art of radiographic report. MRI. 13. Odontomes. 15. Dermatological. 24. 2. 12. 4. Ultrasound & thermo graphic Radio nucleotide techniques Contrast radiography in salivary gland. 19. 18. 22. 2. 14. production of x – ray. 16. including AIDS Cysts. 9. 23. 14. 9. dark room and use of automatic processing units Localization by radiographic techniques Faults of dental radiographs and concept of ideal radiograph Quality assurance and audit in dental radiology Extra – oral-imaging techniques OPG and other radiologic techniques Advanced imaging technique like CT Scan. and hereditary disorders Oral manifestations of systemic diseases Oro – facial pain Psychosomatic aspects of oral diseases Management of medically compromised patients including medical emergencies in the dental chair Congenital and Hereditary disorders involving tissues of oro facial region Systemic diseases due to oral foci of infection Hematological. 7. grids and units of radiation Films and recording media Processing of image in radiology Design of x –ray department. D. 6. C. 18. 15. 14. and fibro – osseous lesions Oral changes in Osteo – dystrophies and chondro – dystrophies Pre malignant and malignant lesions of oro facial region Allergy and other miscellaneous conditions Therapeutics in oral medicine –clinical pharmacology Forensic odontology Computers in oral diagnosis and imaging Evidence based oral care in treatment planning Molecular Biology . writing and descriptors preferred in reports Radiograph differential diagnosis of radiolucent. radio opaque and mixed lesions Digital radiology and its various types of advantages Oral Medicine. Study includes seminars / lectures / discussion Methods of clinical diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases as applicable to oral tissue including modern diagnostic techniques Laboratory investigations including special investigations of oral and oro – facial diseases Teeth in local and systemic diseases. 11. structure of x – ray tube. TMJ.

I.76 ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: Basic medical subjects. D. Techniques and Inter – Operation. Oral Radiology. Diagnosis of Oro – facial Disorders 10. Code of ethics. setting of priorities Working out criteria towards decisions . Oral Medicine. ETHICS IN DENTISTRY COURSE CONTENT : Introduction to ethics – What are ethics? What are values and norms? How to form a value system in one’s personal and professional life? Hippocratic oath. Management of Medical Emergencies. Right to be respected Truth and confidentiality Autonomy of decision Doctor Patient relationship[ Professional Ethics – Code of conduct Contract and confidentiality Charging of fees. Declaration of Helsinki. fee splitting Prescription of drugs Over-investigating the patient Malpractice and negligence Research Ethics – Animal and experimental research/humanness Human experimentation Human volunteer research-informed consent Drug trials Ethical workshop of cases Gathering all scientific factors Gathering all value factors Identifying areas of value – conflict. International code of ethics.C. Ethics of the individual – The patient as a person. Clinical Dentistry. WHO declaration of Geneva.

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