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# APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS PART – A 1. Classify the following PDE (i) U xx = U yy (ii) U x y = U yy + xy 2. Classify the following PDE U xx + U yy = ( Ux)2 + (Uy)2 3.

Write any two solutions of the transverse vibrations of a string. 4. Write down the appropriate solutions of the vibration of string Equations. How is it chosen? 5. State any two assumptions made in the derivation of one dimension wave equation. 6. If the ends of a string of length ‘l’ are fixed and the mid point of the String is drawn aside through a height ‘h’ and the string is released from rest, write the initial conditions. 7. When a vibrating string has an initial velocity, its initial conditions Are….? 8. When a vibrating string has an initial velocity zero, its initial conditions Are….? 9. State one dimensional heat equation with the initial and boundary conditions. 10. State the laws assumed to derive the one dimensional heat equation. 11. Define steady state temperature distributions. 12. When the ends of a rod length 20cm are maintained at the temperature 10oc and 20oc respectively until steady state is prevail. Determine the steady state temperature of the rod. 13. In steady state conditions derive the solution of one dimensional heat flow equation. 14. State Fourier law of heat conduction. 15. Write down the appropriate solutions of the one dimensional heat Equations. How is it chosen? 16.What is the basic difference between the solutions of one dimensional wave equation and heat equation. 17. Write down the partial differential equation that represents variable Heat flow in two dimensions? Deduce the equations of steady state heat flow in two dimensions.

18. Write down the appropriate solutions of the two dimensional heat Equations. 19. In two dimensional heat flow, what is the temperature along the Normal to the xy- plane? 20. If a square plate has its faces and the edge y = 0 insulated, its edges x = 0 and x = n are kept at zero temperature and its fourth edge is kept at temperature u, then what are the boundary conditions for this problem? PART –B 21. A tightly stretched string with fixed end points x = 0 and x = l is initially in a position given by y = y0 sin3( π x / l ). If it is released from rest from this position, find the displacement y( x, t). 22. A tightly stretched string of length l has its ends fastened at x = 0 , x = l. The mid-point of the string is then taken to height h and then released from rest in that position. Find the lateral displacement of a point of the string at time t from the instant of release. 23. A tightly stretched string with fixed end points x = 0 and x = l. At time t = 0, the string is given a shape defined by F(x) = μ x ( l - x ), where μ is constant, and then released . Find the displacement of any point x of the string at any time t >0. 24. The points of trisection of a string are pulled aside through the same distance on opposite sides of the position of equilibrium and the string is released from rest. Derive an expression for the displacement of the string at subsequent time and show that the mid-point of the string always remains at rest. 25. A tightly stretched string of length l with fixed ends is initially in equilibrium position. It is set vibrating by giving each point a velocity v0 sin3( π x / l ). Find the displacement y(x,t). 26. A tightly stretched string with fixed end points x = 0 and x = l is initially at rest in its equilibrium position. . It is set vibrating by giving each point a velocity λ x ( l - x ), find the displacement of the string at any distance x from one end at any time t.

27. A taut string of length 20cms.fastened at both ends is displaced from its position of equilibrium , by imparting to each of its points an initial velocity given by: v = x 20 – x in 0 < x < 10 and, x being the distance from one end. in 10 < x <20

Determine the displacement at any subsequent time. 28. An insulated rod of length l has its ends A and B maintained at 00C and 1000c respectively until steady state conditions prevail. If B is suddenly reduced to 00C and maintained at 00C, find the temperature at a distance x from A at time t. 29. A homogeneous rod of conducting material of length 100cm has its ends kept at zero temperature and the temperature initially is u(x,0) = x in 0 < x < 50 100 – x in 50 < x <100 Find the temperature u(x,t) at any time. 30. An insulated rod of length l has its ends A and B maintained at 00C and 1000c respectively until steady state conditions prevail. If the change consists of raising the temperature of A to 200c and reducing that of B to 800c , find the temperature at a distance x from A at time t. 31. The ends A and B of a rod 20cm.long have the temperature at 300c and 800c until steady state prevails. The temperature of the ends are changed to 400c and 600c respectively. Find the temperature distribution in the rod at time t. 32. The ends A and B of a rod 10cm.long have the temperature at 500c and 1000c until steady state prevails. The temperature of the ends are changed to 900c and 600c respectively. Find the temperature distribution in the rod at time t. 33. A square plate is bounded by the lines x =0, y = 0 , x =20 and y = 20. Its faces are insulated. The temperature along the upper horizontal edge Is given by u ( x,20) = x ( 20 – x) when 0 < x < 20 while the other three edges are kept at 00c. Find the steady state temperature in the plate. 34. Find the steady state temperature at any point of a square plate whose two adjacent edges are kept at 00c and the other two edges are kept at the constant temperature 1000c.

35. Find the steady temperature distribution at points in a rectangular plate With insulated faces the edges of the plate being the lines x = 0 , x = a , y = 0 and y = b. When three of the edges are kept at temperature zero and the fourth at fixed temperature a0c. 36. Solve the BVP Uxx + Uyy = 0 , 0 < x, y < π with u( 0 ,y ) = u(π , y) = u( x , π) = 0 and u(x,0) = sin3x. 37. A rectangular plate is bounded by the lines x = 0 , y = 0 , x = a , y = b . Its Surfaces are insulated. The temperature along x = 0 and y = 0 are kept at 00 c and the others at 1000 c . Find the steady state temperature at any point of the plate. 38. A long rectangular plate has its surfaces insulated and the two long sides as well as one of the short sides are maintained at 00 c . Find an expression for the steady state temperature u(x,y) if the short side y = 0 is π cm long and is kept at uo0c. 39. An infinitely long rectangular plate with insulated surface is 10cm wide. The two long edges and one short edge are kept at zero temperature while the other short edge x = 0 is kept at temperature given by U = 20y 20 ( 10 – y ) for 0 < y < 5 for 5 < y < 10 .Find the steady state temperature

distribution in the plate. 40. An infinitely long – plane uniform plate is bounded by two parallel edges and an end at right angle to them. The breadth of this edge x =0 is π, this end is maintained at temperature as u = k (πy – y2) at all points while the other edges are at zero temperature. Determine the temperature u(x,y) at any point of the plate in the steady state if u satisfies Laplace equation.