STEP 1: STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY I. Introduction II. What does STAAD.pro mean? 1. STAAD.

pro is a general purpose program for performing the analysis and design of a wide variety of types of structure. 2. Developer of STAAD.pro REI – Research Engineers International 3. Latest version: STAAD.pro V8i III. General Overview: 1. How to open STAAD.pro 2. 4 Types of Structures a. Space b. Plane c. Floor d. Truss 3. STAAD.pro Environment Organization Title Bar 1. Main Menu 2. Toolbar 3. Page Control 4. Data area 5. Main Window 4. Two Coordinate Axes: 1. Classification a. Global Coordinate axis b. Local Coordinate axis 2. Relation/Beta Angle 5. Open an Existing Structure 6. Two methods of Model Generation and Assigning of Structural Data and Relationship a. Graphical User Interface (GUI) b. Input Command Interface 7. STAAD.pro Three Basic Steps 1. Structural Geometry/Model Generation 2. Load System 3. Analysis and Design Three Entities on Modeling 1. Node – joint, junction , intersection and point 2. Member – two node entity E.g. beam, column, truss members 3. Element a. Plate – 3 or 4 node entity E.g. slabs and walls b. Surface Element – 3 to multiple node entity E.g. shear wall and reinforced concrete wall c. Solid entity – 8-node entity E.g. huge solid structures

y

1. Structural Geometry

x
3.5 m 5.0 m 5.0 m 5.0 m 3.5 m

z

3.0 m

4.0 m

6.0 m

3.5 m

FLOOR FRAMING SYSTEM (typical)

2.8 m 2.8 m 2.8 m

y
8.0 m 6.0 m 3.0 m

4.0 m

x

z

LEFT SIDE ELEVATION

Property: Exterior Beams: Interior Beams: Intermediate Beams: Rectangular Columns: Circular Columns: Slab Thickness:

0.30 x 0.20 m 0.40 x 0.20 m W 14 x 30 0.40 x 0.25 m 0.30 m diameter 0.100 m

Beta Angle: All exterior columns along z-axis: 90° Spec: Intermediate Beams: Released Mx, My and Mz Support: All Fixed Design Parameters: f’c = 21 MPa fy = 414 MPa

0 FLOOR FRAMING SYSTEM (Typical) 6.0 m z 3.5 7 Balcony Office Office Office Office Balcony 6.5 3.5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1.0 m 0.120 m x z LEFT SIDE ELEVATION 90° Property: Exterior Beams: Interior Beams: Intermediate Beams: Rectangular Columns: Slab Thickness: Beta Angle: Selected columns: (Refer to the framing plan) 0.5 6 Balcony Office Hallway Office Office Office Balcony 2.8 m 2.40 x 0.20 m W 16 x 40 0.5 4.8 m ARCHITECTURAL PLAN (Typical) 2.0 m 3.20 m 0.0 m x z SIDE ELEVATION Property: Exterior Beams: Interior Beams: Intermediate Beams: Rectangular Columns: Circular Columns: Slab Thickness: Beta Angle: Selected columns: (Refer to the framing plan) y 4.0 m 7.0 m 4.40 x 0.25 m 0.100 m Spec: Intermediate Beams: Released Mx.50 x 0. My and Mz (Start and End) Support: All Fixed Design Parameters: f’c = 27 MPa fy = 414 MPa 90° Spec: Intermediate Beams: Released Mx. Structural Geometry 6. My and Mz (Start and End) Support: All Fixed .40 x 0.20 m 0.0 3.y 1.60 x 0.35 m diameter 0.0 m y z 4.8 m 3.20 m W 14 x 30 0.0 m 3.0 m 4-Storey Office Building x 1.5 3.5 m 7.0 m 3.0 m 6.0 m x STEP 2 LOAD SYSTEM 3.8 m y 6.8 m 2.0 m 4.5 FLOOR FRAMING SYSTEM (Typical) 8 8 8 8 1.0 m 1.45 x 0.0 m 6.0 m 4.0 m 8.30 m 0.0 m 4.5 3.0 m 2.

5 (SMRF) Rw @ z-direction = 8.Design Parameters: f’c = 27 MPa fy = 414 MPa Load System DEFINE LOADS: I. Joint Weight 4. Site Coefficient for Soil Characteristics S = 4 (S4) e.00 kPa iii. E @ x (Earthquake Load at x-axis) UBC Load X 1 2. Member Weight 5. Element Weight 6.73 kPa 7” thk CHB (Int partition) 2.80 kPa . Defining Parameters: a. Defining Parameters a.0 2. Member Load 6” thk CHB (ext partition) 2.70 kPa Floor finish (linoleum) 0.00 kPa Waterproofing 6.6 m 1.88 kPa 6. Wind Load (as per NSCP 2001) 1.90 kPa 4. D (Dead Load) i. W @ x (Wind Load at x-axis) Wind Load X 1 4.40 (Zone 4) b.18 kPa 12. Wind Speed V = 200 kph c. Floor Load 25 mm concrete topping 0. Exposure D b.80 kPa 2. Numerical coefficient Rw @ x-direction = 8. Importance Factor I = 1 (standard occupancy) c.0 m 0.10 kPa Interior Partition 1.40 kPa 2.08 kPa Utilities (suspended steel channel) 0. E @ z (Earthquake Load at z-axis) UBC Load Z 1 3.80 kPa 4. Member Load Stairs 2. Importance Factor.8 m 0.07 kPa 4. Selfweight (-y direction) ii. Seismic Load (as per UBC 1997) 1.11 kPa Stairs 4. Wind Pressure/Intensity: p = qGCp – qh(GCpi) (kPa) 2.5 (SMRF) d.19 kPa PRIMARY LOADS 1.0 Nv = 1.4 m 1.05 kPa Ceiling (10 mm gypsum board) 0. Near Source Factor Na = 1. Floor Weight II. L (Live Load) 1. W @ z (Wind Load at z-axis) Wind Load Z 1 5.99 kPa 9. Floor/Area Load Office Balcony Hallway Roof Deck LOAD COMBINATION: Refer to NSCP 2010 ACI th AISC 13 Ed 0. Selfweight 3. Seismic Zone Factor Z = 0. Iw = 1 (standard occupancy) Height Wind Intensity 4.

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