SAP FI NOTES INDEX PARTICULARS Introduction Enterprise Structure 1. Chart of Accounts 2. Accounts groups customization 3.

Open and Close Posting Periods Sales Tax Procedures 1. Tolerance Groups General Ledger Accounts (GL Accounts) 1.Negative Postings 2. Creation of GL Masters 3. Parked document Foreign Currency Transaction (FCT) 1. Reversal of Reversed document 2. Mass Reversal 3. Balance Interest calculation 4. Accounts Principles Accounts Payable (AP) House Bank 1. Link between sundry creditors and Advance to vendors 2. Purchase Invoice Posting 3. Term of Payments-Maximum Cash discount 4. Automatic payment Program(APP) 5. Check printing 6. Credit Memo Accounts Receivable (AR) 1. Sales Invoice Posting 2. Incoming payment 3. Link between sundry debtors and advance from customers 4. Advance Receipt posting Bill of Discounting (Bill of Exchange) 1. Define dunning areas Sales Tax Asset Accounting (AA) 1.Chart of Depreciation 2. Asset Classes 3. Asset Sale /Transfer/Scrapping Reports 1.Chart of Accounts List 2.Trail balance / Ledger /Vendors List 3. Data Takeover 4.Up loading of master in SAP (LSMW) 5.Balances uploading Bank Reconciliation Statement (BRS) 1.House Bank 2.Check Lots 3.Sales and Purchase Invoices posting Cash Journal (CJ) Withholding Tax(TDS/TCS) 1.Maintain Calendar 2.Withholding tax codes 3.Create Remittance Challan 4.Print TDS Certificate 5.Quaterly Return Page No. 3 11 15 19 27 36 36 41 41 43 54 72 77 78 87 92 99 106 115 116 119 128 130 132 134 135 142 144 144 148 156 162 170 172 176 199/201/202 204 204 205/206 209 212 217 228 231 232 241 245 248 249 254 264 265 266

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INTRODUCTION SAP stands for System Application and Products in data Processing FI stands for Financials CO stands for Controlling Version : ECC6 ECC stands for ERP Central Component SAP was released in 1972 – It head quarters in Germany What is ERP? ERP stands for Enterprise Resource planning, it is integrated all functions in one system. Organization | -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | | | Purchase Dept. Store Dept. Production Dept. Accounts Dept. Will have no of departments in organization. ERP integrate all the functions into one system. It will facilitate free flow of data among the departments. Advantages: Once stores person updates in the system – It can be shared by account person. No mismatch in reporting – Data Source is only one once updation. Store Department at Factory: Where the material is received are updates his records send the bill to account person. Accounts department at City office : Pass an entry in the books Disadvantages: Duplicate job Time gap. ERP Packages: SAP, Oracle, Financials, Peoples soft, BAAN , J.D.Edwards 1972- SAP R/1 – Real time data processing 1980-SAP – R/2 Included no. of countries and no. of currencies 1990 – SAP R/3- R/3 stands for Data Structure 1.Application Server 2.Data based server 3.Presentation 1999 – My SAP.com – Web baed 2004 – Net weaver – Integrates information, people and process. Areas to be covered under FI /CO FI: 1. General Ledger accounting 2. Accounts payable 3. Accounts receivable 4. Asset accounting CO: 1. Cost element accounting 2. Cost center accounting 3. Internal orders 4. Profit center accounting 5. Product costing

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Profitability analysis

Integration of: 1. Material Management Module to Financials (MM to FI) 2. Sale & Distribution module to Financial module integrate (SD to FI) 3. Data take over(From Non-SAP to SAP) 4. Closing procedure Reports: In all the module systems gives around 2000 reports You can attaché the reports to favorites Some important reports you can attach the reports on desk top. Cross company code transactions: India version: TDS , Excise and sales tax Companies Act:1956: as per Schedule VI Balance sheet and Profit & Loss A/c What are difference between SAP EE 4.7 and ECC 6.0? SAP EE 4.7 Stands for Enterprise Edition No Netware concept (Offline) Segment wise report is not possible Only one currency SAP ECC 6.0 Stands for Enterprise Central Compound Netware concept (Online) Is it possible Multiple ledgers in currencies Document splitting Foreign currency revaluation based on accounting principles

Role of FI /CO Consultant 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Project Manger Senior Consultant Junior consultant (Each project 3 to 6 members) Support Consultant (Eg.IBM, Accenture) Core Team Members End User

How to Open SAP Open: Double lick on SAP Logon Icon Double Click ECC 6 Server First Screen: First Field : Client :2 Clients 1. Development client 2. Production client In the implementation SAP 1. Consultants 2. Company staff (Core Team Members) The consultant they do the customization in development client The company staff will do the testing. The customization will be transferred to client through transport requests. In the production client you enter day to day transaction. Some companies they will give 3 clients:

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Production client Client: User: 800/000/810 – You can copy and give any number Cost of package will depend on the no. 100 users license –used by 1000 employees It fixes the responsibility on employee. and Special characters.Testing After testing by Aravind core team customization will be transported to production client through transport request.of users licenses. User ID: SAP user: You can use small or capital letters (It’s not case sensitive) Password: The length of password – Min3 – Max 8 (it can be numeric. if they commit any mistake all the postings will go wrong where as development client customization is tested customization by the Aravind core team and corrected by Wipro team. To Purchase Sap Package From Sap India Bangalore Wipro Will Customize(Map) Aravind Requirement In SAP ARAVIND Project Manager Core team accounts manager Cost accountant Purchase Manager Sales Manager It staff WIPRO Project manager FI Consultant CO Consultant MM Consultant SD Consultant ABAP programmer BASIS Administrator Aravind :Core Team As is Process _What Is Requested From SAP Wipro :To Be Process What Should Be Done In SAP Development Client Wipro Customization Aravind Core Team Production Client . Alphabets.) Password is not case sensitive Not possible to change password more than once in a day Latest 5 passwords can not be used Password can not be restored • What is client? Aravind Group (Aravind Industries Ltd) (Aravind Steel Ltd) Wipro (Consulting Firm) Money is the password. We will not get any mistakes in the development client customization. Production client is live client where we enter day to day transactions.Transport Request . Alpha Numeric . Development client 2.1. In live environment we should have minimum 2 clients some companies they keep 3 clients Development Client Testing quality Client Production Client 4 . If the consultant do customization once again in production client. Testing client 3.

2008 12. special characters-like" Not possible to change password more than once in a day. 1st Radio button 2nd Radio button 3rd Radio button Employee1 Can not work Work Can work Employee2 Can work Can work Can not work In training institutes we have to select 2nd radio button Enter 1st raw is called menu bar 5 .067 and 800" Basis consultant copies 000 client and give the number required by Aravind care team Client :800 (Development Client) User : Cost of package will be based on number of user licenses User Id Creation Is The Job of BASIS Administrator A) Cost Factor B) User Id Fixes Responsibility on Employee SAP User: Password: It Is Not Case sensitive (Capital Letters Or Small Letters) Password Is Case Sensitive (From Ecc 5 Onwards) Length of Password: Minimum 6 Maximum 40 "We can use alphabets.2008 ABC123 XYZABC ABC123 system will not permit Password can not be restored BASIS Administrator deletes old password and gives a new password : oracle Language : 41 Languages If we do not specify any language it takes English by default or we can use EN for English If we user id : The menu will be in German Client: 800 User: SAPUSER Password: oracle Press enter Now open SAP Select and choose the radio button depend on necessity.Wipro Customization Aravind Core Team  -> Transport Request Testing -> "When SAP is purchased from SAP India we get clients like 000.09. alphanumeric. System will not permit to use latest previous 5 passwords EG: 1.09.2008 5. Numerical.001.09.

.Favorites .Select system.Status-Sap system data How to use transaction codes (T/C)? We want posting of transaction. use /OFS10N in command field and press enter.Display technical names." One employee can work in number of sessions (windows) at a time -the maximum is 6 sessions How to create a new session? Path: From the menu bar .Settings .Menu Edit ./O for create How to activate transaction codes in sap menu? Path :From the menu bar .create session with new transaction code. For Posting Transaction: Document (Voucher) entry (F-02) Account display (FS10N) option-2 Use transaction code in command field and press enter we can create our own transaction codes they should start with Y or Z After posting we want to view the ledger.Enter HOW TO SET A START TRANSCTION? To make one screen as beginning screen 6 .Select system. beside tick box is called is command field.select extras . option-1 Go through the path and post the transaction Path: Accounting --> Financial accounting -> General ledger-->Posting ->General posting To go back to SAP easy access screen: Use: /n in command field and press enter.Extras 2nd raw is called standard tool bar 3rd row is called in title bar 4th is called application tool bar 5th & last is called status bar The second row the tick is called enter.to back to sap easy access screen b) Use FS10N in command field and press enter.End session To view which version we are using? Path : From menu bar ./N for change .select system.Create session To move from one session to another session (alt+tab) How to end session? Path :From the menu bar . a) Use:/n (changing) in command field and enter .to go to account display Instead use:/NFS10N in command field and press enter change session with new transaction code.

Path: From menu bar select extras - set start transactions (transaction code is Enter Give a message transaction F-02 set as start transaction HOW TO CLOSE SAP?

F-02)

Path: From the menu bar select system - log off - select ‘yes’ button for the message to logoff Select yes button to log off HOW TO UNLOCK THE TRANSACTION CODE? At the time of customization -screen will come with display mode not enter mode Path:Tools-Administrator- Monitor-Lock entries (tr.code is SM12) Select list button- Message - No lock entries found Path: From the menu bar select lock entry- Delete all-select’ yes’ button for the message Delete all lock entries - Enter. Organization structure: SAP ---------| | Group Company | | Company Company code | | Units Businesses Area Creation of Project: Group --> Companies Units In SAP – Group is called as company Company is called as company code Unit is called as Business area ARAVIND GROUP(AVG) | ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | | Aravind Mills Ltd(AML) Aravind Steels Ltd(ASL) Aravind Industries ltd(AIL) | | | | | | HYD BGL HYD BGL HYD BGL FI consultant will do customization at company code level -company or group is only for information. We do customization for Aravind Mills Ltd after words we copy customization including accounts to other company codes in one step and make modifications where ever required. ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE

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DEFINE COMPANY: Path: Tools - Customizing –IMG (implementation guide) - Execute project (trns.code SPRO) SPRO stands for SAP Project Reference Object Select SAP reference IMG button : This is called customization area or configuration area or implementation area Path:SPROEnterprise structure - Definition - Financial accounting - Define company ( Tr code is OX15)

It we select IMG activity documentation button: It gives description part about company To select IMG activity button: To do customization Select IMG activity button Select new entries button Company name of company2 street postal code country Currency : AVG :blank :Ameerpet :500034 :For country select dropdown(pull down) button, select in for india" :For currency select drop down button here 218. Select INR for Indian rupees Select save button or Ctrl+s Development client | consultant production client Customization Transport request→ Company name :Aravind group

Language key :select drop down button select EN for English

By default it gives the latest request we have to create our own request and afterwards to transport to production client For each step we need not create separate request. For Basic settings :1st request For General ledger :2nd request rd For Account payable :3 request For Accounts receivable:4th request For Asset accounting :5th request For Controlling :6th request Select create request button (F8) Give the short description :FI basic settings for Aravind Mills Ltd Press enter Press enter once again to save in the request. We get a message data was saved: Data was saved in two places:1.Development client 800 2. In Transport request

2.DEFINE COMPANY CODE: Path:

( Tr code is OX02)

Tools - Customizing - IMG- executive project (SPRO)

Select sap reference button IMG SPRO - path upto select sap reference IMG button is same.

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SPRO No SPRO Consultant job End user job Note the path SPRO Path: Enterprise structure - Definition- financial accounting - edit, copy, delete, check company code Edit company code data Select new entries button Give company code :AML City :Hyderabad Country :IN Currency :INR Language :EN Select save button or Ctrl+S Title Name Street Post code City Country Press enter To select our request number select dropdown button beside request number. We can see here number of requests. Select request number by seeing the description. Press enter to save in the request. Description can be same should be different 3.ASSIGN COMPANY CODE TO COMPNAY Path: SPRO - Enterprise structure - Assignment - Financial accounting - Assign company code to company ( Tr code is OX16) Select position button give the company code AML enter For company AML assign company AVG Select save button or Crtl+S Select dropdown beside request number Select your request number Press enter to save in the request 4.Define Business Areas path: SPRO- Enterprise structure- Definition -financial accounting- define business area ( Tr code is OX03) :Select company :Aravind mills ltd :Ameerpet :500034 :Hyderabad :IN

Select new entries button Business area: AMLH Description :Hyderabad AML Bangalore business area link this number Select save button or C trl+s

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CHART OF ACCOUNTS: Company Codes: Option-1 when we want to compare or consolidate we can have same set of accounts (chart of accounts) -i. Accounts coding will be same.Press enter to save in your request *Assignment of business areas to company code is not required Aravind Group | Aravind Mills Ltd Aravind Steels Ltd | | HYD BGL HYD BGL AML accounts person At the time of posting Company code : Business area : AML HYD ASL HYD Aravind Industries ltd | HYD BGL ASL accounts person * Without giving company code we can not pass to business area At the time of request generation: Company code AML Business area HYD We get HYD data of company Code AML only ASL HYD HYD data of company code ASL only Some business area can be used by number of company codes in the client assignment of business area to company code is not required. 400000 400000 400000 AML ASL AIL :AML :HYD/HYD1 ASL HYD1/HYD2 400000 400000 400000 10 . Option-2 Each company code has their on set of accounts conveyance account no. ASL and AIL in the report Company code AML +ASL+AIL Business area HYD Hyderabad data for all company codes we have Hyderabad business area separately for each company code. HYD Hyderabad business area HYD1 Hyderabad business area HYD2 Hyderabad business area AML accounts person Company code Business area There will be a mix up. Conveyance account no. HYD incharge for AML..e.

Depreciation.Status Select new entries button.GL accounts . When we post to that expenditure account in FI. when expenditure account is created and posted in FI. CO automatically provided. automatically CO records will be updated-no flexibility. We create expenditure accounts as cost elements. Chat of accounts Description Maintenance language Length of GL account no. Non-operating expenses -will not be consolidated for costing -they are debatable. UNDER STATUS DESLECT BLOCKED CHECK BOX: 11 .OB13 The other way to give transaction code is from the menu bar -> Select system . FI (Financials) CO (Controlling) expenditure When we past to expenditure accounts in FI it updates.General ledger accounting . All expenditure accounts need not be cost elements expenditure accounts like interest.Financial accounting.Compare or consolidate by using group Chart of Accounts when we create conveyance account no we use 2 numbers Company code no. when we create an expenditure account automatically cost element will be created. Group no. Companies following option1 Chart of Accounts name Description of chart of accounts Maintenance language English Length of account number most 10 digits (we are using 6 digits) CREATION OF CHART OF ACCOUNTS) path: SPRO .CODE. 400000 300000 200000 400000 300000 100000 100000 100000 100000 We are comparing or consolidating by using group account number. Controlling integration Group chart of accounts :AML :Chart of Accounts for Aravind group :English :6 (min 6 max 10) :select manual creation of cost elements :Blank Under status deselect blocked check box (do not select blocked check box) Select save button or Ctrl+S Select your request and press enter to save in your request Controlling integration: select manual creation of cost elements.Master Data-Preparation . Cost elements creation Automatic Manual When we select manual. If we do not want to update co-records that expenditure create expenditure account only and not to create as cost element -here we have flexibility.Edit chart of accounts list (TR. we want that expenditure to update cocreate that expenditure account as CO element. If we choose automatic.

Accounts creation is at end user area. create the account and afterwards select blocked check box.100001 and 100003 We are preparing balance sheet on liabilities we have items like share capital. Chart of accounts | Accounts groups | Accounts AML Share capital (100000 . We are deselecting the blocked check box. We will have number of duplicate accounts in SAP once we create an account and past transaction-IT can not be deleted In live environment after up leading accounts .select blocked check box. We can not get directly-we have to verify each and every account and add the respective accounts. No body can create any accountwhether original account or duplicate account." Equity share capital will be created within the range of 100000-100099.Financial accounting .Master data-PreparationAssign company code to chart of accounts. ASSIGN COMPANY CODE TO CHART OF ACCOUNTS path: SPRO. To get account balances directly or to assign accounts easily SAP has given account groups. they will not check whether account is there as not they create new account and post accounts. While crating account groups we take client's balance sheet and crate the groups-after implementation also we wants to see the way he used to get.in this example account no.General ledger accounting. users at the time of posting. When we want to see current assets balances-we give current assets or at the time of crating balance sheet for Share capital-we give the range 100000-100099. We have to create the accounts now.code OB62) Select position button Give the company code : Enter AML For company code AML assign chart of accounts AML Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request. WHILE CREATING THE ACCOUNTS GROUPS: 1 Series for liabilities 12 .100099) | Current assets (200000-200099) When we create the accounts. (Tr. When there is a necessity to create a new account an authorized person say accounts manager deselects the blocked check box. Cash account will be created within the range of 200000200099. Accounts groups 100000 Equity share capital 100001 Cash account 100002 Preference share capital 100003 SBI current Account We have created 1000 accounts We want to view current assets balance or transaction. Reserves & surplus-We have to verify each and every account and assign to the respective items-it takes so much time to assign accounts. we create within the range.GL Accounting.

Series for assets 3.GL accounts-master data-preparations-Define account group select new entries button Chart of accounts AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML AML Account group SCPL RSPL ACDN SCLN UNSL CLPL FAST CAST SALE OTHER INCR RMCL PRSN MFRG ADMN INTR DEPR Name Share Capital Reserves & Surplus Accumulated depreciation Secured Loans Unsecured loan Current Liabilities and Provisions Fixed Assets Current Assets loans & Advances Sales Other Income Increase / Decrease in stocks Raw material consumption Personnel cost Manufacturing Expenses Administration Expenses Interest Depreciation From account 100000 100100 100200 100300 100400 100500 200000 200100 300000 300100 300200 400000 400100 400200 400300 400400 400500 To account 100099 100199 100299 100399 100499 100599 200099 200199 300099 300199 300299 400099 400199 400299 400399 400499 400599 Select save button on Crtl+S Select your request and press enter and save in your request 6 digits 1000000 100099 share capital 1000-1099 100000000-1000000099 Reserves & Surplus Accumulated Depreciation Unsecured loans Current Liabilities & Provision Fixed Assets Afterwards we require liabilities account groups with 1 series –10 account groups. New account groups with 1series we can create 400/100=4 groups .Series for income 4. How many groups we can create with 1 series available accounts (199999-100599=99400) accounts. 13 .Series for expenditure We have 1000 accounts the user at the time of posting to expenditure account he need not see all accounts he gives 4 only expenditure accounts will appear. available accounts (1999-1599)=400 accounts.2. Now we have to go for –5 series .OBD4) path: SPRO-Financial accounting-General ledger accounting. How many groups we can crate with 1sries . CUSTOMIZATION (TR.CODE. The user at the time of posting first the will give 1* If the account is not there then he will check with 5* When we use 6 digits: Afterwards we require liabilities account groups with 1 series to 10 account groups.

Accounts creation is at end user area and the transaction code is FS00 P & L type 400300 Rent Account P & L A/c Balance Sheet A/c.e. We can create 99400/100=944 accounts groups. Ignore the warning the message press enter. Generally we specify the first account i. In the year end the balance will go to account no. Rent account Select X P&L X Y Account No. Retained earnings accounts: In the year end: P & L account balances transfer to surplus in P & L A/c Reserves & Surplus (100100-100199) Balance Sheet A/c balances –carry forward to next year as opening balance. In the year end the balance will go to account no. The transaction code is OB53 . type Y 14 . 5/6/7/8/ digits. P& L Statement A/c. b) Net non-operating profit (non-operating income non operating expenses) 400300 P & L Statement A/c type Balance Sheet A/c. Press enter once again to save in the request. Though accounts are not yet created assign on account for retained earnings account purpose. we will have problems in the year end.100100 300100 profit or sale of shares. Select In the year end the balance will go to the same account as opening balance 1 and 2 series for Balance Sheet Accounts 3 and 4 series for P & L Accounts. This is required in the year end and not during the implementation. SAP has made mandatory this step during the implementation.For each account group we are assigning 100 accounts new account groups with 1 series. If the consultant does not do this step. P & L A/c.100100 100000 Equity share capital P & L A/c Balance Sheet A/c. Path: SPRO – Financial accounting – General ledger accounting – GL Accounts – Master Data – Preparations – Define retained earnings account. Give you chart of accounts AML enter. Type 100100 Net operating profit 100101 Net non operating profit Profit X 100100 Account No.100100 as Retained earnings account and when we start creating the accounts the first account to be created is 100100 surplus in P & L Account. Account assignment P & L Statement type ‘X’ Account 100100 Select save button or Ctrl+S We get a warning message account 100100 not created in chart of accounts AML. We can specify retained earnings account any account number which is with in range 100100-100199. a) Net operating profit (operating income – operating expenses.

March 2008 Fiscal year 2007 April 2008. April 2007 March 2008 1 12 (Normal periods) Fiscal year 2007 13 14 15 (Special periods) 16 For year end adjustment purpose SAP has given special periods .2007 . April 2007-March 2008 Fiscal year 2007.In the year end the balance will go to account no.2007 –Sep. Fiscal year Indian companies periods US Companies Fiscal year variant April to March +4 special periods V3 Jan to Dec.12.100101. Open periods For posting March 2008-March 2008 12. 30.+4 Special Periods K4 July to June+4 Special periods V6 Oct. finalized profitability for the year ended 31/03/2008 Management adjustment entries 15 . March 2008-March 2009 12.2007 -12. To get the profitability and different stages SAP has given special periods.2008 Fiscal year 2007 Fiscal year 2008 2007 April 2007-March 2008 9 July 2007-June 2008 6 October 2007-September 2008 3 3 6 9 2008 2007 2007 2008 Fiscal year It is above 6 months in next year take next year otherwise same year.2008 Open periods April 2007. to Sep+4 special periods V9 April 2007 – March 2008 Accounting year 2007-08. In SAP we will call it as fiscal year 2007.March 2009 Fiscal year 2008. Special periods are part of March March will have total 5 periods 1noraml period 4 special periods. Why special periods are required: 20th March 2008 we have declared profitability upto February 2008 to the management profitability figures should not be changed. Users should be allowed to post transactions only for March 2008. July 2007-June 2008 Oct.03.2007 No user can post transaction before March 2008 and after March 2008.2008 15/04/2008 accounts dept.

April 2007-March 2008 F.of rectification entries.Entry Date 05/05/2008 Periods date 31/03/2008 to update last year ledger. 05/05/2008 Open periods March 2008……. To get profitability separately or to get the rectification entries list separately SAP has given special periods. March 2009 14. finalized profitability for the year end 31/03/2008 Management adjustment entries. 20/05/2008 No. Profitability : 1-12 Management Profitability 1-13 16 .2008 15/04/2008 accounts dep. Here stage means department profitability. Accounts dep.2007….Y 2007 April 2008-March 2009 F.. Special periods can come in the same month or different months.2007 No user can post transactions Entry date :05/05/2008 Posting date :31/03/2008 to update last year ledger period 13 We get profitability finalized by Management audit by a auditors.2008 April 2008 May 2008 Fiscal year 2007 March 2008-March 2008 12.March 2009 13.12. profitability Management adjustments and Auditors rectification entries How special periods will be used: April 2007-March 2008 20th March 2008 open periods for posting before March 2008 and after March 2008.of ratification entries Entry Date Posting date 22/05/2008 31/03/2008 to update last year ledger. We get profitability finalized by auditors. Open periods Entry date Posting date Periods March 2008 …. Management profitability and Auditors profitability – the state can come in the same month or different months. Usage of special periods is optional. we can not got March 2008 includes normal entries .2007………12. Accounts Dept. Management adjustments and auditors rectification entries.2007 …… 12. We get profitability finalized by management audits by Auditors.2008 :22/05/2008 :31/03/2008 to update last year ledger 14 We get profitability finalized by auditors. To day we want to see profitability finalized by accounts department . 22/05/2008 no.Y. Auditor is asking to show rectification entries list we can not get the list separately.

2008-Sep 2009 F.2009 October 2008 In which year it is coming as which 2008 year we are calling in SAP 2009 year shift +1 January 2009 in which year it is coming as which year we are calling in SAP year shift 2009 2008 +1 posting 05/10/2008 update 2009 ledger not 2008 ledger Path : SPRO – Financial accounting – Financial accounting Global settings – Fiscal year – Maintain fiscal year variant (Maintain shortened fiscal year) (Trs. January February March April May June July August September October November December Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Days 31 29 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 Periods 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Year shift -1 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 April 2008 April 2008 – March 2009 F.2008 In which year it is coming 2008 As which year we are calling in SAP 2008 Year shift 0 January 2009 2009 2008 -1 In which year it is coming As which year we are calling in SAP Year shift Posting 05/01/2009 update 2008 Ledger not 2009 ledger Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Days 31 29 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 Periods Year shift 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 8 0 9 0 10 0 11 0 12 0 1 0 2 0 3 0 Oct.Auditors finalized profitability List of auditors rectification entries 1-14 14-14 SAP known only calendar year periods –we have to convert calendar year periods to our accounting year periods.Y.code is OB29 Select position button fiscal variant V3 Enter Select fiscal variant V3 Double click on periods folder Select back arrow Select new entries button FV : B1 17 .Y.

Select new entries button First column Second column Day Third column Last column Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Day 31 29 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 Month Period Year shift Period 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Year Shift -1 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 :B1 save Assign company code to a Fiscal year variant Path: SPRO – Financial accounting – Global settings – Fiscal year – Assign company code to a Fiscal year variant (Tr. No.of special periods :4 Select save button or Ctrl+S Select your request press enter and press enter save in your request. Select Fiscal year variant Double click on periods folder. 18 .Description April to March 4 Special periods Do not select year depend check box If we select year depend check box – when we save it will ask for year – when we give year 2008 – The conversion is applicable only for the year each year we have to create the conversion. Deselect calendar year check box If we select calendar year check box – It takes Month 1 (Jan)will be as period 1 Month 4(April ) wil be as period 4 Where as we require month 4(April) should be as period 1 so deselect calendar year check box. of posting periods :12 No.code is OB37) Select position button Give your company code:AML Enter For company code:AML Assign fiscal variant :V3 Select save button Ignore the warning message press enter and press enter to save in the request. If we deselect year dependent check box – The conversion is common for all years.

2008 For Y 12. 2008 to Sep.Document – posting periods – assign posting period variant company code.AML X………. Select position button Give the company code AML 19 .2008 Option-2 Each company code having separate open And close posting period variant Assign posting period variant to company codes X to AML Period for variant July 2008-March 2009 April 2008 to March 2009 For X 04.5 2008 – 12.2008 – 12. 2008 For Z 06. Define variants for open posting periods: Path : SPRO – Financial accounting global setting – Document – posting periods-Define variants for open posting periods Select new entries button Variant AML Name posting period variant for AML Ctrl+S.2008 Y to ASL Z to AIL X Y Z In this step we are defining which periods are open for posting.Y 2008 August 2008 – March 2009 5.OPEN AND CLOSE POSTING PERIODS Fiscal year : April 2008 – March 2009 – F.Financial accounting global settings.2008 Open means: from Close means: to Company codes : AML August 2008 March 2009 ASL AIL All company codes Fallow the same Open and close periods Option 1 A) Define posting periods Variant …………… X B) Assign posting period Variant to company codes X……….ASL X……….AIL C) Define open and close periods for variant X For X. press enter in save Assign posting period variant to company code: Path : SPRO-Financial Accounting.2008 Sep.

He will get voucher no’s continuously.Gr): Blank Select save button or Ctrl+S Select your request and press enter to save in your request. ranges In normal accounting. The same screen is given at user level when it is available at user level. In SAP voucher we call it as document.Environment –Current settings-open and close posting periods ( Transaction code :S_ALR_87003642) Select position button Posting period variant: AML Enter Document type and no. Authorization Group: This screen is required every month in production client nobody will have access for customization areas. account person only will pass all the entries. When we open the system with the above user IDs then only we can change the periods at the user level.open and close posting periods. FI Accounts Person Material Receipt Payment Sales 2 3 MM Stores Person 1 SD Sales Person 20 . Define open and closed posting periods for variant:: Path: SPRO – Financial accounting Global settings – Document – Posting periods. Select new entries button. Vare : Select AML Account type (A): Select + (valid for all accounts type) From Account Blank To account Blank From period one (1) 1 Year 2008 To period 12 Year (Fiscal year) 2008 From period2 13 Year 2008 To period 16 Year 2008 Second column is option (from period 2) Authorization group (Au.For company code AML assign variant AML select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request. Posting periods entry at end user area: Path: Accounting –Financial accounting –General Ledger . BASIS Administrator gives authorization group say X and X will be assigned to user IDs manager accounts and deputy manager accounts. the users will misuse. SAP has given authorization group.

Select save button or Ctrl+S Ignore warning message press enter Number range interval can’t be transported to production client – what ever number for development client for testing. Select press enter.code:OBA7) Select position button Document type select GL Account document Enter Select type Select details button (Ctrl+Shift+F2) Number range Give the company code Select interval button No. we have to give at the time of posting what should be the document number.Range interval 1-100000 We are getting the document no’s continuously by seeing the document number we can tell where it is generated. SAP have given two options.Range SA 01 RE 02 100001-200000 200001-300000 RV 03 No. :1 :100000 :0 :01 :2008 :01 : AML Select number range information button Select change intervals button (↓) :SA : SA What should be FI document number What should be MM document number What should be SD document number. 1.range Year From number To Number Current number Deselect external(Ext) check box If we select external check box.type No. Opetion1: Year specific 01-2007-1-100000 500000 500001 Option 2: Common to all years 01-9999-1-100000 21 . before going live all the department heads sit together and decide for production client. All the departments want to have 1—100000 which is not possible. Consultant is an outsider – he does not know how many document numbers are required for each area. 2. In live environment.Receipt 4 To get document number serially SAP has given document type Doc. In a year 100000 vouchers are consumed system gives a message we give available numbers 300001-400000 Path:SPRO-Financial accounting-Financial accounting Global settings –Document –Document Header-Define Document Types (Tr.

Optional: The field will be visible on screen our choice to enter values or not the fields selection is not common to all accounts. SAP has given a facility to make any filed as 1. For filed status group we is field is suspected and which filed is optional. 2. we have 1000 accounts – we have to create 1000 scenarios. Required 3.2008 Note: companies follow 1st option. business area. Filed status groups are created under field status variant and field status variant is assigned to company code / codes. In case of repairs account quantity filed is not required. At the time of posting by the user-he gives the account number the screen will appear based on the fields selection to the field status group which is assigned in account number. value date Debit Credit 70 Filed 70 Filed -----140 Filed ==== If we start filling up all the fields it takes so much time to post one document.2008 Posting date:24. In stead of creation of 1000 scenarios SAP have given field status groups. 1.09. When we create accounts we have to assign field status group.2008 2nd Entry Entry date:29. 3. The field value will appear with question mark or tick mark-without entering the values we can not go to next screen. text (Narration).03.09. Suppress 2. Required: We have to enter values to the field compulsory. 4. It depends on the account what we are using.01-2008-1-100000 3000 3001 53000-53001-53002 1st Entry Date:24. In case of sales account quantity filed is required. Optional Suppress: The filed will not be visible on screen a the time of posting. Afterwards: Cash account Dr To Equity share capital 22 . 3. 9999 means any year in 2nd option we don’t know how many Documents we have posted for each year Field status variant and field status groups At the time of posting on screen we get around 70 fields.2008 Posting date:31.09. Fields are quality. 2. Filed status Group Suppress required optional Repairs A/c Equity share capital Sales A/c Purchase A/c Cash A/c Bank A/c General materials quantity select Bank Accounts cost Accouts 1.

Save. Business area make it as required entry field.Bank accounts | Value date text Business area | Required Entry General ^ Text Business area | Required entry Screen layout at the time of posting Path:SPRO. Value date make it as required entry filed. Business areas make it as required entry field Save Double click on field status group G005 That is Bank A/c obligatory value date Double click on General data Text make it as required entry field Select next group button Select next page or page down button two times.Financial accounting – Financial global settings – Document –Line item-Controls.text. Select field status variant : AML Double click on field status groups folder Double click field status on G001 that general (with. allocation) Double click on General data Text make it required entry filed Select next group button Select next page or page down button two times.Define filed status variants Select field status variant 1000 that is IDES group Select copy as button (F6) Change filed status variant (FSTV) to AML Change field status name to field status VAR for AML Press enter Select copy all button We get a message number of dependent entries copies 47 Enter Select save button or Ctrl+S Select your request and press enter to save in your request. Select next group button two times. 23 .

There will be mismatch.09. Interest calculations in our book from 22.09. A) Create procedure B) Create tax codes C) Create accounts 24 .2008 field is modifiable after posting .09.2008 Value date: 20.09. Interest calculations: Value date :Required entry filed Document date :22.2008 In SAP we have interest calculations. Accounts receivable and Assets accounting Basic Excise VAT /CST To do normal posting also.2008 where as IDBI calculates from 20. In our books also interest will be calculated from 20.09.09. Accounts payable.08.2008 Posting date :22.Value date( Effective date): Term loan from IDBI :20.2008.2008 Value date DOC & POS :31.09.2008 Deposit by us in our bank :22.2008 Document date :22.2008 Posting date :22.09. sales tax procedure is required.2008 Assign company code to field status variant : Path: SPRO-Financial accounting-Financial accounting Global settings-Document – Line time-Controls-Assign company code to field status variants.09.09. Select position button Give the company code :AML Enter For company code Assign field status variant Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request :AML :AML SALES TAX PROCEDURE General ledger.

Outstanding expenses A/c 25 . 1) If we select open items payable Eg. This is used for vendors.Rent and bank 3) If we select all items: Payable + paid The same way we use for vendors and customers and also.Salaries and Wages. It clears the transaction. of debits. The advantage is we can see the account in 3 ways. Bank – For 1 Bank –For 2 Bank-For3 Bank for 4 Bank for 5 Vendors X A/c 100 200 300 400 500 1 2 3 4 5 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Bill wise out standings we can see for vendor. When we specify the payment is being made against rent provision. As per SAP open item management –At the time of making payment –System will as against which provision we are making the payment.D) Design accounts Assign for country in-tax US ( Sales tax USA) Tax IN (sales tax India) Temporary assignment For our company any code: Country IN Note the path this one SPRO-Financial accounting –Financial accounting global settings-Tax on sales / Purchases . 2) If we select cleared items :paid Eg. Outstanding expenses A/c Salaries Bank 15000 Rent Wages 100000 500000 15000 2.Basic settings Assign country calculation procedure Select position button Give the country IN for India Enter For country IN assign procedure TaxUS Sales Tax – USA Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request. It can be amount tolerance or percentage tolerance or both it can be debit amount or credit amount. We don’t know which item is pending and how much is pending.Employee If we see the account in the month end or year end-we will have no of credits and no. customers and balance sheet accounts where clearing is required. TOLERANCE GROUPS: This is two types 1. We can have tolerances (payment differences).GL Accounts a) Receipts / Payment transactions b) Mandatory area Retained area called open item management.

Salaries Bank 15000 Rent 15000 Wages 100000 Bank 100000 Commission 100005 500 100 500000 Diff to give 200 15 2. When we give tolerance group C instead of A in outstanding expenses account.5 is within tolerance group amount. We can difference tolerances.100 system will clear the provision and transfer to sundry balances written off account at time of making payment. Outstanding expenses A/c. A 100 B 5% C 0 Outstanding Expenses A/c. i.Salaries Rent Bank 15000 Wages Bank 100000 Commission 100000 100005 500000 15000 There is difference of Rs. Disadvantages: 1. There is not flexibility amount percentage tolerance group.e. Bank Bank Bank 100000 15000 100000 Salaries Rent Commission 500000 15000 100005 26 .5 in the account for commission which need not be paid. Bank 15000 Bank 100000 Salaries 500000 Rent 15000 Wages 100000 Commission 100005 If we give tolerance group A in outstanding expenses account if the difference is less than tolerance group amount and transferring sundry balances written of account automatically. Tolerance Group A B Amount percentage 100 5% A) We have to assign tolerance group in account –in outstanding expenses A/c we have assigned tolerance group A B) At the time of making payment system checks Provision 100005 Payment 100000 Difference 5 If the difference of Rs. Outstanding expenses A/c. Tolerance group is given at account level and not at the transaction level.

Deputy Manager Accounts 7. system expects we have created blank Tolerance group and already assigned. Account 1 A 5. Account 2 6. Tolerance group for employees. Vendor accounts and customer accounts.keep the filed blank and give amount zero.Define tolerance groups for G/L Accounts Company code Tolerance group Description Debit posting Credit posting Debit percentage Credit percentage Save : AML :Blank :Tolerance group for AML :0 :0 :0 :0 Select your request and press enter and save in your request. While creating 1000 GL accounts.100000 as part payment To sundry balances off a/c and clear the transaction. DGM Accounts In live environment / training institutes B C 27 .Provision Payment Difference Not payable Transfer 5 100005 100000 ----------5 ======= payable Now Rs. Manager Accounts 8. This is mandatory area. City office cashier 2. Factory cashier 3. Keep tolerance group field blank. User wise upper limits for posting Tolerance Group A 100000 100000 B C 10000000 Amount per document 10000000 Amount per open item account item 0 5 10 Cash Discount 0 0 0 Payment Differenced We have 1000 users distance – we have to create 1000 scenarios (short cut method) 100000 100000 Accounts Dept: 1. Branch cashier 4. For our company code: we are creating bank tolerance group wit amount zero so that no need to assign. Tolerance group while creating the accounts. Path :SPRO – Financial accounting – General Leger Accounting –Business transactions-open item clearing – clearing difference. Tolerance Group A B C Amount 100 0 Percentage 5% Bank Instead of crating group C .

: General Identification Number) TDS No. then Save Press enter to save in your request Negative postings: In case of reversals if we select negative postings check box it reduces from the same side. We have to go for reversal or pass rectification entry. when we post a wrong entry.ABCDE 35467N PAN NO. ENTER GLOBAL PARAMETERS: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting -Financial accounting global settings-Company code-Enter global parameters Select position button Give the company code Enter Select company code Select details button (F2) :AML :AML Select business area financial statements check box Select propose fiscal check box Select define default value date check box Select negative posting permitted check box Select addition data button Company code : AML Business Area : HYD BGL Business place :City factory City office Factory Permanent Account No. 1.BBBBB5678N Select back arrow.1 28 . / TAN) Form 49B -10 Digits alpha numeric code At company code level / business area level / at business place level (GIR No. Select new entries button Group : Blank Company code : AML Upper limits for posting Amount per document (Maximum Amount 9999999999) Amount per open item account item 9999999999 cash discount per line item 10 Permitted payment difference : Blank Save Press enter to save in your request. we can’t change the document. Equity share capital receipt: Cash account Dr To Equity share capital 400000 400000 Doc. (PAN) – At company Code level(Form 49A) 10 Digits Alpha numeric code Tax Deduction at Source No (In SAP TDS No.No. In SAP.SAP User SAP User SP userABC AML XYZ A Use only Use only A Blank A Path: SPRO-Financial Accounting –General Ledger Accounting –Business transactions – Open Item clearing Clearing differences – Define tolerance groups for employees.

3 100000 100000 Doc No.Code :SE09) Select find request (Ctrl+F) Execute Find company code (Ctrl+F) Double click on define company code 29 .4 Dr 100000 100000 Doc.2 Dr Dr 100000 100000 Doc.Cash Account To Preference share Capital Rectification 3.100000 Company code Fiscal year Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Debit Amount 100000 100000 Doc No.No. Equity share capital To Preference Share capital Account No. Equity Share capital To Cash account 4.3 Ledger summary AML 2008 Credit Amount Balance Cumulative Balance 100000 500000 400000 Cr -100000 400000 Cr 3 Rectifications 0 Cash flow statement Opening cash and bank balances Add: Inflows Equity share capital Preference share capital Less:Out flows Equity share capital Closing Cash and bank balances 1 Reversal without selecting negative postings 0 500000 100000 100000 50000 wrong 2 Reversal by selecting negative postings 0 500000 100000 500000 500000 correct 500000 Wrong To check transport request:: Path: Enter Tools – ABAP work bench-Overview-Transport Organization (Tr.No. Preference share capital receipt: Cash account Dr To Equity share capital Reversal 3.2.

Field status group Accounts to be created: 1.PreparationsDefine Account group (Tr. 5 6. Path: SPRO – Financial Accounting – General ledger accounting – GL Accounts –Master Data. Equity share capital – Share capital 3. loans & advances To check accounts groups for giving account numbers. To check account-Group for giving account numbers. Code is FS00) Give the GL account 100100 Company code AML From the menu select -> GL Account create Account group: select reserves & surplus Select balance sheet account radio button Short text: surplus in P & L Account GL Account Large text: Surplus in profit & Loss Account Select control data tab Select only balances in local currency in check box We have Tolerance group: Blank 30 . Creation of General CREATION OF GENRAL Path : Accounting-Financial accounting –General Ledger-Master records –GL Accounts-Individual Processing – Centrally (Tr. Cash account –current assets.GENERAL LEDGER MASTERS CREATIONS 1 Chart of Accounts level GL Account Number Company code Account group Whether it s P & L Account Whether it is a Balance Sheet A/c Description a) Short text – Max 20 b) Long text –Max20 2 Company code level Account currency Only balances in local currency Tolerance group Line item display Open item Management Sort key 3 Centrally Chart of accounts fields + Company code fields 1 2 3 4. Surplus in P & L Account – Reserves & Surplus 2.Code:OBD4) Select position button Give your chart of accounts AML Enter Reserves & Surplus Share capital Cash account-current assets 100100-100199 100000-100099 200100-200199 1. 2.

loans & advances Change short text to Cash account Select balance sheet a/c radio button Change GL account long text to Cash account Select create / bank / interest tab Change filed status group to G005 bank accounts (Obligatory value date) Select relevant cash flow check box. Select save button or Ctrl+S To view the accounts created Select drop down button beside GL account Match Code: Give the company code Enter Short text GL account long text : AML : AML : AML :100100 (Surplus in P & L Account) Select with template button :100000 : AML : At the time of entry : At the time of General ledger display Posting of transactions 31 . allocation) Save GL Account Company code GL Account Company code Enter By mistake save button Your can not save Change account group to Share capital Select balance sheet a/c radio button Change short text to equity Share capital Change GL account long text to Equity share capital Other filed common select save button GL Account 200100 Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL Account 100100 surplus in P & L account Company code Enter Change account group to current assets.Select line item display check box Short key select 001 posting data Select create / bank / interest Field status group G001 General (with text.

09.09. :1 : 30.09.Code is F-02) Posting transaction Document date Posting date on Posting date Reference Doc No Normal cases Document date (F4) Type Company code Currency Has given posting keys Posting key Positing key Posting key: Select 40 Account select the drop down button GL long text Company code GL Account Enter Select account No.we can enter manually 30. System does not know debits and credits to differentiate between debit and credit SAP Cash A/c Dr To Equity To Preference 32 .2008 : Ledger updation will be based on posting date period will appeal automatically based or select F4.2008 :SA Posting date: will come automatically this is server date.Path: Accounting – Financial Accounting –General ledger –posting –General posting (Tr.It gives calendar and select F-2 – It selects today’s date .200100 Enter 200100 Cash account – Filed status GRP-G005 Text Business Area Value date Required In enter global parameters select define default value date check box Amount :400000 Business area :AMLH Text : Equity share capital receipt Posting key : Select 50 Account select drop down button Give the company code AML and press enter Select account :100000 Equity share capital Press enter Amount enter :*(star) Note: * (star) Means debits and credits equal 500000 300000 * : AML : Z* :*Cash* 40 50 GL account Debit GL Account Credit :AML : INR :30. :10/07/2008 : In case of purchases document date will be party bill date.2008 :Party bill No.

Select save button or Ctr+S We get a message document 1 was posted in company code:AML How to view the last posted document 1. From the menu select document display. Salaries A/c (Salaries provision for Sep.) Wages A/c Dr (Wages provision for Sep.code is FB02) :1 :AML :AML :SA Dr 100000 Document No.) To outstanding Exp We can not use * Press enter From the menu select document simulate (Shift +F9) In one document we can have 999 line items. Company code 33 . Debit will be posted without any assign and credit amount will be posted with minus sign. Select display document header button or (F5) Display document Path: Accounting – Financial accounting – General ledger-Document –Display (Tr.1 Change document : Path: Accounting – Financial Accounting –General ledger-Document –Change (Tr.Code:FB03) Select document list button Give the company code Document type Select executive button (F8) To view last one week posted document 24/09/2008 to 1/10/2008 Select execute button To view self (documents posted by us) Select own documents only check box To view documents posted by a specific user From the menu select –> Edit –> Dynamic –> Selections (Shift +F4) User name :SAPUSER Select execute (F8) button Double click on document no.Business area :AMLH Text Enter :+ ‘ + ‘(plus) mean copies the last line item narration in the same document.

Press select single value tab. Account display: Path: Accounting – Financial Accounting –General ledger – Account – Display balances ( Tr.100100 200100 Select copy button To view continuous account numbers transactions Press select intervals tab Low limit :100000 Upper limit :100099 Select copy button Account no.1 Select call up document overview button (F9) Select back arrow (F3) Document Number Posting date Text Amount :AMLH :AML :2008 :AML :100050 :100059 34 . Give the account no.code is FS10N) To view more than one account transactions select multiple selection button beside GL Account no.100050 To exclude an account from the range Select exclude single value tab Singe value : 100050 Select copy button To exclude a range of accounts :select exclude intervals tab Low limit Upper limit Select copy button To view only one account Select drop down button beside GL Account Give the company code Enter Select account no.100000 Equity share capital Company code Fiscal year Business area Select execute (F8) button Double lick on cumulate balance amount Double click on document No. We want to view random account numbers transactions.Fiscal year Enter :2008 Double click on first line item cash account We can change only value date filed assignment filed and text filed.

Administration Keep the cursor on /AML Select define default setting button Save Select back arrow three times Give the account no.1 2 3 Total Amount We can create our own line layout How to create our own line layout: Select change layout button (Ctrl+F8) Select the filed which are not required Select right arrow or hide selected fields button From hidden fields column Select posting date Select left arrow show select fields button change column positions Column Pos Document No.200100 cash account Execute (F8) Double click on cumulative balance amount Hold Document: It is a temporary document 35 . 1 Amount in local currency Text Posting date Length 10 4 3 2 20 35 10 100000 200000 300000 ----------600000 ====== Change text length 35 characters for amount in local currency select total check box Select copy button How save the layout: Select save layout button (Ctrl+S) Option 1 Common to All A) Deselect user specific Check box B) We have to save with any number or name Option 2 User specific A) Select user specific check box B) we can save will any number or Name Layout : / AML Deselect user – specific check box Description : Standard layout for AML Select save button Select back arrow two times Execute Double click cumulate balance amount How to choose our layout: Press select layout button (Ctrl+S) Select : AML How to make default line layout: From the menu select settings – layout .

Enter Give the amount Business area Text Tem parry document No. Select hold document button We get a message document AML was held Second F-02 Give the document date: Today date Type Company code Posting key Account 200100 (Cash account) Enter Give the amount 20000 :AML : 40 :SA :AMLH :Amount paid to Mr. Delete / complete hold documents 1. Creation of hold documents Use the transaction code (F-02) Document date Type Company code: AML Posting key Account no. Run a program called “RFTMBLU” for conversion of hold documents 2. Run a program called “RFTMBLU” for conversion of hold documents Path : Tools – ABAP Workbench. A) Loans to Directors Create as hold document an once he gives money back delete the document. This document can be deleted there is no tracking for this document. Creation of hold documents 3.Development –ABAP Editor (SE38) Program : give the program name :RFTMBLU” Select execute button Select no. termination for read error check box Execute 2.This is user for adjustment purpose or at the time of posting we do not know either debit or credit. B) Payment to a party –purpose of payment we don’t know Cash balance = Account balance +/ Hold documents Hold documents will not update records Steps: 1.X :AML : 5000 :50 :200100 (cash account) : Today date :SA From the menu select document hold 36 .

Business area Text Posting key: Account no. select choose button Give posting key Account no. Informed to Sr. 123456 (give any number) Select hold document button 3. person for release –Be cashier 37 . Enter Amount Enter Business Area Text :*(Star) : AMLH :+ :40 :100000 Equity share :AML From the menu select document –Simulate and save Park Documents : This is used for approvals Cashier Enter the document he will park in the system Accounts will not be updated Account will not be updated Informs to SR person approval SR person he can make changes to the document form amount / Date / head of account before release And release document Once he release the document will be posted and updates records Steps: 1. Posting of packed document by cashier 2.: Enter Amount enter Business area Text :AMLH : Hold document testing : 50 100000 (Equity share capital) :* (Star) : AMLH :+ From the menu select Document –> Hold Give the temporary document no. Delete / Complete hold document (F-02) Use the transaction code f-02 From the menu select Path :Document – Get held document –Select document list button Keep the cursor on document number 123456 Select delete button select yes button select back arrow (F3) select document list button Keep the cursor on document no.

Posting of Packed Document Path : Accounting – Financial accounting – General Ledger.3 To change the date Select document header button Change document date and posting date to 5.3 : Select SAP logon name Receipt user id of Senior person (sap user) Select express mail check box (Screen down right side) Select send button (Shift+F8) From the menu select system –> Create session 4.post / delete (FBV0) Select document list button Give the company code Enter by user ID Execute (F8) Double click on document no. Display changes to packed document 1. Informed to Senior Person for release From the menu select system –>short message Give the title Recipient type : Please release Doc.Posting-General document parking (F-65) Give the document date Document type Company code Posting key Account Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key: Account Enter Amount enter Business area Text : *(Star) :AMLH :+ : AMLH : park document testing :50 :100000 (Equity share capital) :9999 : Today date : SA : AML :40 :200100 (Cash account) From the menu select – Document – Park document 2.3. After change. Display packed document and change date and amount 4.2008 :AML :Cashier 38 . inform to Cashier about approval 5.No.10. Display packed document and change date and amount Path :Accounting –Financial accounting – General ledger-Document – parked documents.

Difference no.3 released Recipient User Id of Cashier Recipient type Select SAP logon name Select express mail check box Select send button (left side upper) From the menu select system –> Create session 4 . Steps: 1.range interval for no.Select back arrow Select fast data enter button Change amount 6000 Debit 6000 Credit Select back arrow From the menu select document post Inform to cashier about approval From the menu select –System –>Short message. Creation of sample document 4. Title document no. posting of transaction by copying sample document To check account groups for giving account numbers. 100000 Rent Dr 50000 Wages Dr 500000 To outstanding 650000 Create a sample document and store in the system every month by coping sample document number and by changing date and amount we an post the provisions we will not forget any provisions.range X2 3.Parked Documents-Display changes (FBV5) Company code : AML Document No :3 Fiscal year :2008 Enter Select all changes button Sample document: This is used for month end provisions Salaries A/c Dr. Create 3GL masters A) Salaries A/c Personnel cost B) Rent A/c Administration C) Outstanding expenses – Current liabilities & Provision 2.Display changes to packed document Path: Accounting –Financial accounting – General ledger-Document . The transaction code is OBD4 Select position button Give the chart of accounts : AML Enter The personnel cost is 400100-400199 Administration range 400300-400399 Current liabilities & Provision range is 100500-100599 39 .

400300 :AML 40 .Creation of GL masters (FS00) Give the GL Account 400100 Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL Account 100000 (Equity share capital ) Company code Enter Change account group to personnel cost (Staff cost) Select P & L statement radio button Change short text to Salaries A/c Change long text to Salaries A/c Other fields are common Select save button or Ctr+S GL A/c No: Company code Give the GL account Company code Enter Change account group to Administration Change short text to Rent account Change long text to Rent account Other fields are common Select save button or Ctrl+S GL Account Company code Give the GL account Company code Enter Change account group to Current liability & Provisions. range X2: Path: SPRO – Financial accounting –Financial accounting global settings – Document – Document number ranges.Code is FBN1) Give the company code :AML :AML :100000 (Equity share capital) : AML Select with template button :100500 :AML :400100 salaries :AML Select with template button . Change short text to Outstanding express Change GL Account Outstanding express Select control data tab Select open item management check box Save Define no. range interval for no.(Tr.

range Year From number To number Enter & Save Ignore the message press enter Creation of sample document Path: Accounting – Financial accounting – General ledger .Select change intervals button Select interval button No.2008 :SA :X2 :2008 :500001 :500100 41 .09. :500001 : Rent provision for the month :50 :100500 (out standing exp) :75000 : Salaries provision for the month :40 :400300 (Rent account) :500000 :40 :400100 (salaries a/c) :30.09. Give the document no.2008 Posting date Type Company code :AML Posting key Accounting Enter Ignore the warning message .press enter Amount Business area : AMLH Text Posting key: Account Enter Account Business area : AMLH Text Posting key: Account no. Enter Amount enter Text :* : Provision for the month Business area :AMLH Select save button or Ctrl+S We get a message document 500001 was stored in company code : AML 5.Posting – Reference documents – Sample document (F-01) Document date :30. Posting of transaction by coping sample document : F-02) From the menu select document post with reference.

11.2008 Salaries A/c 100000 105000 01.2008 100000 100000 42 .Company code Fiscal year Select display line items check box Enter Change the document date Posting date Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Change the amount to 600000 Text Amount Enter Line item having zero will not update records Ignore the warning message Amount enter For text Select save button or Ctrl+S Month end provisions: Option 1: Accrual / Deferral document Option 1: Accrual Deferral document 31.2008 :31.2008 reversal next month 1st Outstanding Dr To Salaries 05.10.2008 Payment of salaries Salaries Dr To Bank 100000 100000 105000 105000 31.11.10.11.2008 :Add October (Salaries for the month of October) :0 : Add October From the menu select document simulate Option 2 Open item management 100000 100000 01.2008 Outstanding Expenses A/c 31.10.11.10.2008 Salary provision Salaries Dr To out standing :*(star ) :2008 :AML :31.2008 05.10.11.2008 100000 01.

10.2008 We want to reverse next month 1st select alternative posting date check box 43 .2008 Salaries Dr To out standing System will allow you to reverses only 31.2008 3.Creation of reversal reason and reversal reason should any day.Creation of reversal reason and reversal reason should allow us to reverse on any day.10.10.11.2008 01/11/2008 100000 100000 5000 Profitability effect For October For Nov.2008 5. 2.Financial accounting –General ledger accounting-Business transactions –Adjustment posting / Reversal .2008 Salaries provision Salaries Dr To out standing 05.Cashier has to track the provision and clear against the provision.Define reason for reversal Select new entries button Reason :11 Text : Real / Deferral Reversal reason for AML Select neg.10.10. posting check box Select alternative position date check box Select save button or Ctrl+S Save in your request If we do not select alternative posting date check box 31.2008 Salaries payment Out standing Dr Salaries Dr To Bank Salaries A/c 31.Profitability effect:: For October For November because October Option 2: open item management 31.11.2008 100000 5000 100000 5000 100000 100000 100000 5000 105000 Outstanding Expenses A/c 31.Reversal of accrual / deferral documents in one step 1.10. Enter accrual / Deferral documents A) Rent Provision 08. because of October salaries 100000 Companies follow 1st option (other than year end) In case of option 2 – the person who makes the provision is accountant and the person who is making the payment and clearing is Cashier .10. Option 1: Accrual / Deferral document : Steps 1. Path : SPRO.2008 B) Salary provision 31.

) 100000 :AML :11 :01.Enter Accrual / Deferral Document (Tr.2008 :40 :400100 (Salaries A/c) :3110.11.10. Enter Amount Business area Text : AMLH :+ : *(star) :AMLH : Rent provision for October :50 :100500 (out standing exp) :50000 : AML : Select 11 :1.Code is FBS1 Document date Posting date Type Company code Reversal reason Reversal date Posting key Account Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account Enter Amount :* AMLH :Salaries provision for the month of October 50 :100500 (outstanding exp.Rent provision: Path : Accounting – Financial Accounting – General ledger –Periodic processing – Closing – Valuate.2008 :SA 44 .Code is FBS1) Document date Type Company code Reversal reason Reversal date Posting key Amount Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.2008 (next months) :40 :400300 (Rent A/c) : Today date :SA From the menu select document –>Simulate and save Salaries provision: Tr.2008 :31.11.

10. Enter Give the amount Business area Text :AMLH : Rent provision :15000 : AML :40 :400300 (Rent A/c.Code is F. Open items: Payable – Salaries and wages 2. We have to select open item management check box While crating the GL accounts Out standing Expenses Salaries A/c Wagers A/c Bank 25000 Rent a/c 500000 300000 25000 : AML :01.Business area Text :AMLH :+ From the menu select document –> Simulate and save Reversal accrual / Deferral document : Path : Accounting – Financial Accounting – General Ledger – Periodic processing – Closing –Valuate – Reverse accrual / Deferral Document (Tr.81) Give the company code Reverse posting date Select text run check box Execute (F8) Select reversal documents button Select back arrow OPTION 2 : Open Item Management This is used vendors customers / Balance Sheet items where clearing is required. All items : Payable + paid 3.2008 Type Company code Posting key Account no. Scenarios 1st Scenario Full Clearing Provisional and payment – Same amounts A) Rent Provision –(Transaction code F-02) Document Date & posting date :13.2008 We can see the account in 3 ways 1.11. cleared items : Paid rent and bank 3.) : SA 2nd Scenario Partial clearing 3rd Scenario Residual items method 45 .

Code is FBL3N) Give the GL Account Company code Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Execute (F8) OUT GONG PAYMENT WITH CLEARING: Path : Accounting – Financial Accounting – General Ledger .Posting – Out going payments (F-07) Give the document date Type Company code Clearing text Account Under bank data Business Area Amount Text Amount type Select process open items button Reversed documents will not appear for clearing: Double click on payable amount 15000 Document – > Simulate and save Go and see open item account transactions Tr.Account – Display / Change line items (Tr. Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :50 :100500 (outstanding exp) :* (enter star) :+ From the menu select Document –> Simulate and save B) How to view open item managed account transactions: Path : Accounting – Financial Accounting – General Ledger.Posting key Account no.100500 (outstand expenses) Company code Clearing data Execute (F8) :AML : Today’s date Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box :AMLH : 15000 : Outgoing payment : S(S is default) (S: Stands for GL Accounts) : AML : outgoing payment :200100 (Cash A/c.) : Today’s date : SA :100500 (outstanding exp) : AML Account under open item selection :100500 (out standing expenses) 46 .Code is FBL3N Give the GL Account no :.

Out standing exp.This symbol is open item(document no.Select back arrow Select open item radio button Execute (-*. below)) 2nd Scenario Partial Clearing 3rd Scenario Residual items method When we make part payment we can use either partial clearing or residual items method. OI Rent 40000 Cr Cash 5000 Dr ------35000 Cr ===== Outstanding Exp.2000 Outstanding Dr 30000 cleared To Cash 2000 To Outstanding 28000 47 . Enter Amount : 40000 : AML :3456 :40 :400300 (Rent a/c) : Today date : SA A) Rent Provision Rent A/c Outstanding B) Payment Dr 40000 40000 Dr 30000 30000 Rs. OI Rent 30000 28000 Cr ------28000 Cr ======= CI : Rent 30000 Cr Rent 30000 Cr -------------0 ===== A) Rent Provision Rent To Outstanding B) Part payment Out standing Dr 5000 To Cash 5000 Residual: Balance payable Note : OI means Open Items CI Means Cleared Items Companies follow 1st method We test how to view bill wise outstanding: Rent Provision F-02 Document date Type Company code Reference Posting key Account No.

) : AML 48 .Business Area Text Posting key Account No.) : * (enter star) From the menu select Document –Simulate and save Out going payment using partial clearing method: ( Tr. Select normal items check box Select execute button To view bill wise outstanding :100500 (outstanding Exp. Code F-07) Document Date Type Company code Reference Clearing text Business area Account Text : 3456 :Outgoing payment : AMLH : 5000 : Outgoing payment : Today’s Date : SA : AML Account under bank data: 200100 (Cash a/c) Account under open item selections 100500 (outstanding exp) Select process open items button Keep the cursor on the amount filed of line item against which we want to adjust. Enter Amount Text :+ : AMLH : Rent provision : 50 :100500 (Outstanding exp. Select partial payment tab Creates payment amount column Double click amount 40000 Double click on payment amount 40000 From the menu select Document – >Simulate Gives a message correct the marked Line items Double click on blue font line items Text enter :+ Select save button or Ctrl +S Go and see open item account transactions The Transaction is code is FBL3N Give the GL account Company code Select open items radio button.

Company code Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Residual items method: Rent provision F-02 Give the document date Type Company code Posting key Account no. Select left arrow or show selected fields button Select copy button Keep the cursor on reference Select sub total button To make balance payment of 35000 and cleared provision and part payment (F-07) Give the document date Type Company code Reference Clearing Text Amount under bank date Business Area Amount Text Account Account type Select process open item button Double click on provision 40000 Double click on part payment 5000 From the menu select document –> Simulate and save Go and see open item managed account transactions (FBL3N) Give the GL Account o.Select change layout button (Ctrl+F8) From the hidden fields column Select reference field Select amount in local currency under column contain. Enter : AML : 40 :400300 (Rent account) : Todays date : SA :100500(out standing exp) : AML :3456 : Out going payment :200100 (Cash A/c) :AMLH :35000 : Outgoing payment : Under open item selection 100500(out standing exp) :S : Todays date : SA : AML 49 .

Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no. Enter Amount Business area Text : AMLH :AMLH :30000 : Rent provision :50 :100500 ( outstanding exp) :* :+ From the menu select Document ->Simulate and save Out Going Payment Using Residual Items Method: (F-07) Give the document date Type Company code Clearing Text Account under bank date Business area Amount Text Account type Select process open item button Account : Under open item selection 100500 (out standing exp) Keep the cursor on the amount filed of the line item against which we want adjust. Text enter Save Go and see the open item managed account transactions (FBL3N): Give the GL Account no. Double click on blue font line item. Select residual items tab It creates residual items column Double click on next amount 30000 Double click on residual items amount From the menu select Document –> Simulate It gives the message correct the marked line items.) :+ : AMLH :2000 : out going payment :S (default comes) : AML : out going payment : 200100 (Cash a/c) : To days date : SA 50 . Company code Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Execute : AML :100500 (out standing exp.

10. Select new entries button Exchange rate type G (Bank buying) B (Bank selling) M (Average rate) From USD USD USD INR To valid (from) INR 01.Yen GBP=Great Britain -Pound ITL=Italian -Lira Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request.37 Once we follow one conversion factor follow continuously for all the years.FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS 1. Enter exchange rates: Path: SPRO.General Settings – Currencies – Check exchange rate types Select position button Exchange rate type: B (enter B) Enter Define translation rates for currency translation: Giving conversion factors for two currencies: USD 1 JPY 100 ERO 1 : GBP1 ITL1 JPY 100 Or 1 : 0.General settings – Currencies – Define translation ratios for currency translation Ignore the message select yes button.01 0.10.00 To INR 51 .2008 1 INR 01.10.General settings.2008 Ratio (from) 1 1 1 Ratio (to) 1 1 : : INR1 : : : INR 1 INR 1 INR1 INR1 INR1 37Rs JPY=Japanese .10. Don’t change in between if we change in between it gives wrong results. This is given at client level and not at company code level (Client 800) Path: SPRO – SAP Net weaver.SAP Net weaver.currencies – Enter exchange rates Forex Table We can enter Daily quotations / Week end quotations / Month end quotations. For each day end for each type we can enter only one rate.2008 From currency Director quotation 1 USD 47. Select new entries button Exchange type Valid from R G 10. Check exchange rate type Bank buying Bank selling Exports Imports / Expenditure G type B type Average rate MM /SD users type Path : SPRO-SAP Net weaver.2008 01.

10. Select B (Bank selling rate) Save 2.2008 10.10. If take the latest date rate 1. To enter default exchange rate type B (Bank selling rate) for document type ‘SA’ Use the Tr.2008 45 47 To enter default exchange rate type based on document type. it takes rate from Forex table b.2008 :09. :15.10.2008 10. Exchange rates entry at the End User Area: Path: Accounting – Financial accounting – General ledger-Environment – Current settings – Enter translation rates (S_BSE_68000174) Foreign currency postings for end user area: SCENARIO :1 When exchange rate is not entered at the time of posting. SCENARIO 2 When exchange rate is entered at the Time of posting a.10. IF we don’t enter the rate at the time of posting.2008 Enter date Posting date c.10. General ledger posting : SA Bank selling rate Purchase INV posting (FI purchases) :KR Bank selling rate MM Purchases :RE Bank selling rate Sales invoice posting (FI Sales) SD sales DR Bank buying rate RV Bank buying rate If we do not specify system takes average rate.10. Posting of expenditure in USD F-02 Give the document date Type Company code Currency Rate Posting key Account Enter Give the amount Business area : AMLH :1000 :AML : USD : Blank :40 : 400100 (salary) : To days date : SA 52 .50 47.2008 1 1 USD USD 47.10 INR INR Press enter and save in your request. Code is OBA7 Select type : SA Select details button Under default values exchange rate type for foreign currency documents.B M 10. 1.

Reversal of Reversed document 3. Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :+ :* :50 :200100 (Cash account) : AMLH : Salary payment :10000 USD : AML : USD :50 :40 :400100 (salary account) : To days date : SA From the menu select Document ->Simulate and save REVERSELS: 1.50 by 5.Text Enter Posting key Account Enter Amount Business area Text :* : AMLH : Salary payment : 50 :200100 (cash account) :+ From the menu select Document ->Simulate To view in INR Select display currency button Save When exchange rate is extend at the time of posting Expenditure posting Tr. Individual Document Reversal 2. Enter It gives the warning message exchange rate 50 deviates from table rte 47. Mass Reversal 53 .Code is F-02 Document date Type Company code Currency Rate Posting key Account no.26% Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Text Enter Posting key Account no.

No. Document posted on 10th April 2008 Doc. Now. we have open the periods from September 2008 to October 2008 6.No. Ledger scrutiny .1 is wrong Document No.2008 3. Type : FB03 : AML : SA original documents AB Reversed documents : Blank :1 :AML :2008 2. Company code Fiscal year Select 01 reversal reason Posting date Select display before reversal button Select back arrow Select save button or Ctrl+S From the menu select Document –>Display Select Go to Display document Head button (F5) Double click on document no. Clearance Items Reversal 5. Account Deferral document reversal 1. since the April period is not open Path : Accounting – Financial Accounting – General ledger – Document – Reverse – Individual Reversal (FB08) Give the document no. Date incase. that period should be open 1. Reversal of Reversed Document 54 . Document display Company code Doc.2008 – 7.4. Individual Document Reversal A) To reverse one document at the time B) To give reversal reason C) At the time of reversal. Posted Documents 1 2 3 4 5 6 Reversal for 1 7 Reversal for 2 2.type : AB 3./ranges : OBA7 Select type : SA Select details button Number range :01 Reversal Doc.Doc. Document type and no.1 Select display document header button 1.1 Generated 2. Reversal reason Reversal date Save Blank It takes original document posting date 10/04/2008 It can not reverse. it we do not give reversal date it takes original document posting.

No. B) The documents to be reversed can be continuous numbers or random numbers. Path: Accounting – Financial accounting – General ledger – Document – Reverse – Mass reversal (F.80) Give the company code : AML To reverse random numbers Select multiple selection button beside document no.(-->) Under single values Give document no .2 By mistake we have reversed Doc.1 and it has generated Doc.No.18 Enter Text Enter Save Enter From the menu select Document ->Display Select display document header button 3. Go and see open item managed account transactions (FBL3N) Give the GL Account Number 100500 (out standing exp) Company code : AML Select clear items radio button Execute Out standing exp A/c 01 10 Bank 15000 9 Rent 15000 55 .18 Use transaction code F-02 From the menu select post with reference Give the document no. Mass Reversal A)To reverse more than one document at time we use mass reversal.Indirect method (work around) To reverse Doc No.2 4 Select copy button Reason for reversal 01 Select test run check box Execute Select reverse documents button Cleared Items Reversal :+ 1. Company code Fiscal year :2008 :18 :AML Select generate reverse posting check box Select display line items check box Enter Enter once again Change the text to reversal for Doc No.

CI 9 Rent 10 Bank Stop payment instructions to the banker 15000 Cr 15000 Dr A) Reset cleared items – Delink between the provision and payment.Code is FBRA) Clearing document Company code Fiscal year Select save button or Ctrl +S Select resetting and reverse button Reversal reason Enter We get a message clearing 10 reset Enter Go and see open item managed account transactions Tr code is FBL3N Give the GL Account no.Business transactions – Bank account interest calculation – Interest calculation Global settings – Define interest calculation types Interest indication Name Interest calculation type Balance interest calculation Press enter to save in your request : G1 : 10% Monthly : Select S 56 .100500 outstanding expenses Company code : AML Select open item radio button Execute Interest Calculations Balance Interest calculation S Type GL Account Item interest calculation P Type Vendor / Customers :01 : AML : 2008 : 10 Define interest calculation type: Path : SPRO.Financial accounting – General ledger accounting. Out standing expenses A/c 01 10 Bank 15000 9 Rent 15000 B) Reverse cheque transaction Out standing expenses A/c 01 9 Rent 15000 Path: Accounting – Financial accounting – General ledger-Document –Reset clear items (Tr.

prepare account balance interest calculation (Tr.Prepare account balance interest calculation: Path : SPRO.Financial accounting – General ledger accounting.Mumbai Inter Bank Offer Rate Define Reference Interest Rates: SBI rupees term loan 10/04/2008 10/09/2008 Interest calculation for the year 1st method On 100000 from 10/04/2008 to 31/03/2009 at 10% On 100000 from 10/09/2008 to 31/03/2009 at 10% 15000 -3000 -------12000 2nd Method On 10000 from 10/04/2008 to 09/09/2008 at 10% On 90000 from 10/09/2008 to 31/03/2009 at 10% 5000 7000 -----12000 ===== If the account is having credit balance 10% If the account is having debit balance 8% Loan account – Interest indicator Account Credit balance reference interest rate : G2-10% Account debit balance reference interest rate G3-8% A) Interest rates are given to reference interest rate (G2 and G3) B) Reference interest rates are specified separately if there is a credit balance and if there is a debit balance and it will be assigned to interest indicator C) Interest indicator will be specified in loan account. FC Loan from SBI LIBOR +2% (LIBOR Mean London Inter Bank Offer Rate) For interest calculations the denomination will be always 360 days FIBOR – Frankfurt Inter Bank Offer Rate MIB .Code OBAA) Select new entries button Interest calculation indicator Interest calculation frequency Calendar type Select balance plus interest check box Save Press enter to save in your request Calendar Type In case of rupee loans we use G Calendar : G1 : Select 01 : Select G (28 31/365) In case of foreign currency loans we use F calendar.Business transactions – Bank account interest calculation – Interest calculation Global settings. 100000 10000 57 .

Define reference interest rates: Path : SPRO – Financial accounting – General ledger accounting – Business transaction –Bank account interest calculation – Interest calculation –Define reference interest rates (Tr code is OBAC) Select new entries button Ref int.2008 :1 : Select credit interest balance interest calculation 58 .2008 :2 : G2 : G1 : INR : 10.2008 : INR Description also credit balance 10% interest Define Time – Dependent Terms Path : SPRO – Financial accounting – General ledger accounting – Business transaction – Bank account interest calculation – Interest calculation.int.rate Long text Date from Currency Save Press enter to save in your request Select next enter button Ref.04.rate Long text Description Date from Currency Save : G3 : Debit balance 8% interest : Dr.Define time – Dependent Terms Select new entries button Interest calculation indicator Currency key Effective from Sequential number Terms Ref.2008 : INR : G2 : Credit balance 10% interest :01.interst rate Save Press enter to save in your request Select next entry button (F8) Interest calculation indication Currency key Effective from Sequential number Term : Select debit interest balance interest calculation Reference rate Save : G3 : G1 : INR :01.04.04. Bal 8% int : 01.04.

04. Company code :400400 : AML : AML :100000 Equity share capital :100300 : AML Select with template button Give the GL account no. Company code Select with template button Give the GL Account no.Code:FS00 GL Account no.SBI rupees term loan B.04. Company code Enter Change the account group to secured loans Change short text to SBI rupee term loan Change GL account long text to SBI rupee term loan Change GL Account text to SBI rupees term loan Select Create / Bank / Interest tab Field status group change to G005 Interest indicator select G1 Save Tr. Interest account Secured loans Intrest To check account groups for giving account numbers OBD4 Select position button Give the chart of accounts : AML Enter Secured loan range :100300 -100399 Interest range : 400400-400499 Creation Of Gl Masters (Fs00) Give the GL account no.:400100 salaries account 59 .2008 :8 : G2 : 01.2008 : 10 (one month) Creation Of 2 Gl Masters A .Enter Interest Values Same path as above (Tr code is OB83) Select new entries button Reference interest rate Valid from Interest rate Reference interest rate Valid from Interest rate Save Press enter to save in your request : G3 : 01.

Company code Enter : AML Select type / Description tab Change account group to interest Change short text to interest a/c GL account long text: Interest account Save Assignment accounts for automatic postings: Path : SPRO. we give for which loan account interest is to be calculated. SBI rupees term loan 100300 IDBI rupees term loan 100301 ICICI rupees term loan 100302 At the time of interest calculation. Now we are asking the system to calculate interest for 100301 – IDBI rupees term loan account 100301 will be replaced in ++++++++++ Select accounts button Give the Chat of Accounts Enter Accounts symbol 0002 2000 Select save button or Ctrl +S Press enter to save in your request Open Posting period (Tr.Code is OB52) To open posting periods for April 2008 Select position button Give the posting period variant : AML Enter : AML Currency INR INR GL A/c 400400 ++++++++++ 60 . maximum 10 digits We are using 6 digits – why can not we use ++++++ (6 times plus) When we post a transaction – Cash account Dr Credit to equity share capital and when we give the account number 200100 for cash account and 100000 for Equity Share Capital – It takes in the beginning 0000200100 Debit and 0000100000 Credit and when we save it saves with 200100 and 100000.Code OBV2) Select symbols button 0002 Interest paid 2000 GL Account (paid) Interest account Dr 0002 To SBI rupees term loan 2000 If more than term loan 2000 400400 100300 ++++++++++ ( 10 Times plus) (10 times +(plus) mean any account number) Length of account no.Financial accounting – General Accounting – Business Transactions – bank account interest calculation. If we gives 6 times plus – when we simulate for loan it takes 000010 and it can not save.Interest Posting – prepare GL Account balance interest calculation (Tr.

2008 cheque deposit in bank Document date :12.2008 Cheque date :07.04.2008 To bank credit in SBI books only on 12.04.04.09.2008 We are giving value date 10.09.2008 F-02 Give the document date & posting date 07.09.2008 Now SAP also calculates interest from 10.2008 : SA From the new select document simulate and save.01.2008 Posting date :12.2008 : SBI Term loan receipt :50 :100300 SBI Rupee term loan :100000 : AML :40 :200100 (Cash a/c) :10.2008 SBI gives credit from 12.09.04.2008 Cheque date :10.2008 Interest calculation in SAP from 12.04.04.2008 interest credit will be in our books 10.2008 SBI cheque date 100000 12.2008 Document date & posting date Type Company code Posting key Account Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Value date Text Posting key Account key Enter Amount Business area Value date Text :* : AMLH :10.For Variant From the period 1 is Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request : AML :1 SBI rupee term loan receipt : F-02 10.2008 Type Company code : AML : SA 61 .2008 Where as bank calculates from 10.09.2008 Value date :10.04. Term loan repayment (F-02) Due date :10.04.04.09.2008 :+ : AMLH :10.09.04.09.

2008 :+ From the menu select document –>Simulate and save Balance Interest calculations: Path: Accounting – Financial accounting – General ledger.06.09.2009 62 .Financial accounting – General ledger accounting – Business transactions. Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Value date Text Posting key Account Enter Amount enter Business area Value date Text :* : AMLH :10000 : AMLH : INR :40 :100300 SBI rupee term loan :10.09.52) Company code Give the GL account Calculation period Execute Select back arrow To view line item wise interest Select additional balance line check box Execute Select bank arrow How to give effect for floating rate of Interest Interest rate change from 10% to 12% from 01.2008 to 31/03/2009 @12% Open one more session with SPRO Path :SPRO.06.2008 to 31.periodic processing.06.09.Bank account interest calculation – Interest calculation.Interest calculation-Balance interest calculation (F.04.Enter Interest Values (OB83) Select new entries button Reference interest rate : G2 Valid from Interest rate :01.2008 @12% On 90000 from 10/09.2008 :12 :AML :100300 ( SBI Rupee Term Loan) :01.2008 to 09.03.Currency Posting key Account no.2008 On 100000 from 10/04/2008 to 31/05/2008 @10% On 100000 from 01.2008 : SBI Term Loan Repayment :50 :200100 (Cash account) :10.

2008 to 30. we are calculating interest for IDBI rupee term loan In batch input session – select process forward radio button Deselect display errors only radio button 40 400400 Interest on SBI Term Loan 1000 Change account no to 400401 2.04.2008 On which date we have to run 1.Save Press enter to save in your request come to the first session Execute Select back arrow Interest postings to accounts: Change the calculation period : 01.04.2008 For may it calculates on 100575 : AML : AMLH :30.2008 Select post interest settlements check box Select update master records check box Session name Posting to business area Posting date of session Posting segment text Select execute button To view the batch input session From the menu select system – >Services –> Batch input Session Select session name : AML Select process button Select display errors only radio button Select process button We get a message processing of batch input session completed Select exit batch input button To view the document posted use the (Tr. Code FB03) Go and see the GL maser (FS00) Give the GL Account no.04.04. Simple interest SBI rupee term loan 10.L) Company code : AML From the menu select GL account –->Display –-> Select create / Bank / Interest tab Key date of last interest calculation :30.04. Compound interest SBI rupee term loan 10.10. :100300 (SBI rupee T.4.04.2008 100000 0002-400400 Interest A/c 2000-100510 Interest payable a/c For may it calculates on 100000 Interest also to post to separate accounts 400400 Interest on SBI Rupee Term Loan 400401 Interest on IDBI Rupee Term Loan 400402 Interest on ICICI Rupee Term Loan 0002-400400 interest on SBI rupee term loan.2008 : Interest for April 2008 575 63 .2008 Date of last interest run :20.2008 100000 30.

2008 13.code is FB00) Select open items tab Select selected items initially inactive check box Save Foreign Currency Balance Revaluation FC term loan (Foreign currency TL) | Long term working capital Fixed assets purchase | Local assets Imported assets 4700000 5000000 ----------300000 ======== 21.Editing options (Tr. Creation of 3 GL Masters A) SBI FC Term loan B) Exchange again C)Exchange loss Secured loans other income Administration To check account groups for giving account no.2008 100000 USD 100000 USD 47 50 As per accounting standard 11 (ASII) Balance to be revaluated and change to profit & loss account.10.OBD4 Select position button Give the chat of accounts : AML Enter Note the other income range 300100 to 300199 Create of GL masters FS00 Give the GL account no.100301 Company code : AML Select with template button Give the GL account no Company code Enter Change short text and long test to SBI FC term loan Select control data tab Account currency change to USD :100300 (SBI Rupee Term Loan) : AML 64 .How to make open items initially inactive: Clearing 1 1000 Cr 2 2000 Cr 3 3000 Cr Payment 1000 Dr The difference is too large for clearing all items are initially inactive 1 1000 Cr 2 2000 Cr 3 3000 Cr Payment 1000 Dr Path : Accounting – Financial Accounting – General ledger – Environment – User parameter.10.

General ledger accounting (new)-Periodic processing – Valuate. Company code Enter Select type/ Description tab Change account group to other income change short text and GL account long text to exchange gain Save GL Account Company code Select with template button Give the GL account no.Deselect only balance and loan currency check box Select create / bank / Interest tab Interest indicator Delete the dates Save GL Account Company code Select with template button Give the GL account no.400300 rent account Company code Enter Change short text and GL account long text to exchange loss Save DEFINE ACCOUNT PRINCIPLES Path : SPRO.: INDIAN ACCOUNTING STANDARDS Press enter to save in your request Assignment accounting principle to ledger groups Same path as above Select new entries button Accounting principle Target ledger group Save Press enter to save in your request Define valuation methods Path: SPRO.Financial accounting (new).Define valuation methods Select new entries button : B1 :0L : AML : AML : 400301 :400300 Rent account : AML : AML :300100 : Blank 65 .Financial accounting(new)-Financial accounting global setting (new)-Ledgers-Parallel accountingDefine accounting principles Select new entries button Accounting principle :B Name / Description of accounting principle.

Valuation method Description Select always evaluate radio button Document type Exchange rate type for debit balance Exchange rate type for credit balance Save Press enter to save in your request Define Valuation Areas Same path Select new entries button Valuation area Valuation method Currency type Save Press enter to save in your request : BA : AML1 : SA : AML1 : FC valuation bank selling method for AML : B (bank selling rate) :B Select determine exchange rate of ratio button : Select company code currency Assign valuation areas and accounting principles Same path Select new entries button Valuation area Accounting principle Save Press enter to save in your request Prepare automatic postings for foreign currency valuation: Path :Upto valuate the path is same-Foreign currency valuation-Prepare automatic posting for foreign currency valuation (Tr code is OBA1) Double click on exchange rate difference using exchange rate key Give you chart of accounts Select change valuation area or right arrow button Give the valuation area Enter Exchange rate difference key expenses account Exchange rate gains account Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request Delete ledgers (other than OL) for Ledger Group – OL : USD :400301 :300100 : BA : AML : BA : B1 66 .

Financial accounting Global settings (new) – Ledger-Define ledger groupSelect ledger group :0L Double click ledger assignment folder Select ledgers other than OL From the menu select delete Ignore the message press enter and save Press enter to save in your request Assign exchange rate difference key in GL Master (FS00) Give the GL 100301 SBI FC Term loan Company code Select control data tab Exchange rate difference key: Select USD Select save button or Ctrl+S : AML From the menu select GL Account change US Accounting standards (US GAAP) Add to asset G1 G1 Foreign currency term loan receipt (F-02) Give the document date Type Company code Currency Rate Posting key Account Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :SBI FC Term Loan Receipt :100000 : AML : USD :47 :40 :200100 ( Cash account) : Today’s date : SA 67 .Dec G1 July – June GL Leading ledger (India) Non leading ledger 1(US) Non leading ledger 2(Australia) At the time of posting – FI we don’t give ledger group it updates all the ledgers automatically Indian accounting standards / Australian accounting standards FC revaluation Creation of ledger groups OL Assign ledgers OL and GI Delete ledgers assigned to ledger group OL other than OL Path :SPRO-Financial accounting (new).April –March OL Jan.

11.2008 Exchange Loss 31.2008 Loss for October 100000 47 47.2008 30.2008 50000 4700000 50000 200000 5000 200000 :AML : BA : AML :31.2008 31.10.10.11.10.2009 From USD USD Direct quotation 49.11.2008 SBI FC Term loan 23.03.11.2009 31.Enter Posting key Account Enter Amount enter Business area Text :* :AMLH :+ :50 :100301 SBI FC Term loan From the menu select Document Simulate and Save Enter year end exchange rate in Forex table – OB08 Select new entries button Exchange rate G B Save Foreign Currency Revolution Path: Accounting – Financial accounting-General ledger-Periodic processing-closing-valuate-foreign currency valuation (new) (Tr.00 To INR INR 68 .code is FAGL_FC_VAL) Give the company code Valuation key date Valuation area Select GL balance tab Select valuate GL Account balance check box GL account 100301 SBI FC term loan Select postings button Give the batch input session name Select execute button Select 1postings button Select back arrow two times Month end revaluation Diff 23.2008 31.10.11.2008 01.2009 Valid from 31.03.50 2.00 Option 2 01.2008 30.03.10.50 50.2008 0.50 49 50000 200000 100000 500000 50000 30.

Loss for November 150000 --------Loss up to Nov.Code FB03 Enter Select display currency button End user area SAP easy access screen) How to view path when transaction code is given In command filed enter search – SAP. 200000 ====== procedure for month end revaluation: (Tr code is FAGL_FC_VAL) Enter month end exchange rates in Forex table Company code Valuation key date Valuation area Select crate posting check box Select reverse posting check box Select execute button Procedure for year end revaluation Enter year exchange rate in Forex table Company code Valuation key date year end date Valuation area Select create posting check box Reversal posting date Deselect reverse posting check box Select execute button From the menu select System –-> Services-Batch input – Sessions Select session FAGL_FC_VALU Select process button Give the business area Enter Second Business area Enter We get a message processing of batch in put session completed Select exit batch input button To view the document posted view the Tr.menu Search –SAP-Menu customization area SPRO : AMLH : AMLH :Blank : BA : AML : AML : Month end date : BA 69 .

Press enter Search text entry : F-02 Enter CUSTOMIZATION AREA: Use the Tr.code is SPRO Select find button (Ctrl+F) Search term : Fiscal year Enter Select fiscal year in area financial accounting global settings Enter 70 .

a) Inventory raw material . Eg. Creation of 2GL masters. This is used for services where TDS is to be deducted. 5. Creation of vendor account groups a) we create FI vendors services parties b) MM vendors -Reconciliation account Material parties -Required entry field 2.ranges KR: Vendor invoices KZ: Vendor payment KA: Vendor document for transfers / Reversals 8.ACCOUNT PAYABLE This is subledger (subsidiary ledger). Posting keys :31 Vendor credit :25 Vendor debit Creation of vendor accounts groups: Path :SPRO –Financial accounting –Accounts receivable and accounts payable-Vendor accounts-Master datapreparation for creating vendor master data.Define account groups with screen layout (vendors) Select new entries button Account group Name :AML1 :FI vendors for AML Double click on company code data Double click on account management Reconciliation account make it required entry field Cash management group make it suppress select save button 71 . This is used when material management (MM) module is not implemented for all type purchases material purchase services. loans & advances b) Sundry creditors – RM -Current liabilities & Provisions 6. Create number range for vendor accounts: 3. Define tolerance group for vendors.Current assets. Document type and no.Job work charges /legal and professional charges In normal accounting for raw material purchases. Assign number range group to vendor account group. Creation of vendor master 7. When Material Management(MM) module is implemented. Purchase A/c To party Dr In SAP :for Raw material purchases Inventory RM Dr General ledger To party Sub ledger –Sundry creditors –General ledger | Reconciliation account on control account Trail balance will not match –when we post to party automatically it updates sundry creditors –RM Basic settings for account payable: 1. 4.

select create request button short description :AP customization for AML enter press enter to save in your request select next entry button account group AML2 Name :MM vendor for AML Double click on company code data Double click on account management Reconciliation account : Save Create number range for vendors account : Up to preparation for creating vendor master data path is same Create number ranges for vendors account.range From No.(Transaction code is XKN1) Select change intervals button Select interval button Number range From no. To no. Cash management group select suppress Assign number range to vendor account groups: Same path Select position button Account group Enter For account group Number range Account group AML2 Number range :14 Press enter to save in your request :13 :AML1 :AML1 72 . Enter Select interval button once again No. To no Enter Save Ignore the warning message press enter :14 :4300001 :4400000 :13 :4200001 :4300000 Make it required entry filed.

100500 (Outstanding exp) Company code Enter Select type/ Description tab Change short test and GL account long test to Sundry Creditor to RM Select control data tab Deselect only balances in local currency check box Reconciliation account for account type select vendor Deselect open item management check box Sort key Select create /bank /interest tab Field status group change to G067 (reconciliation accounts) Save Creation of vendor master: Path : Accounting-Financial accounting –Account payable-Master records-Maintain centrally-Create (Transaction code is XK01) :Select 012 vendor number :AML : AML 73 .200100 Cash A/c Company code Enter Change short text and GL A/c long text to Inventory RM (Raw material) Select create /bank /interest tab Field status group change to G001 Deselect relevant to cash flow check box Save One more A/c GL Account No.100501 Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL A/c No.Define tolerance group for vendor Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Account receivable and account payable-Business truncations-Outgoing payments-manual outgoing payments-Define tolerances(Vendors) Select new entries button Company code :AML Tolerance group : Blank Description :Tolerance group for AML Save Press enter save in your request Creation 2GL masters (FS00) Give the GL account no.200120 Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL account no.

Give the company code :AML Account group Enter Title Name Street Post City Country Telephone no. :Select company :Birla Chemicals Limited : Ameerpet :500082 :Hyderabad :In(India) :040123456 :AML1

Select next screen button three times Reconciliation account :Select 100501 (sundry creditors raw materials) Sort key Select next screen button Payment terms Tolerance group Save MM Module Purchase order | Goods receipt | Invoice verification :Select 0001 (payable immediately) :Blank :012 Vendor no

Select check double invoice check box

FI Module Document date :Party bill date Posting date 31.10.2008 Reference vendor no. party bill no. 1234 | Save Doc no.100001

01.10.2008 07.11.2008 1234 | save

System gives a wrong message no.100001 is posted to the party with the same amount. Do you want to post once again. Provided we select check double invoice check box (If MM module is not implemented and same bill two times entry) Document types and no. ranges (OBA7) Select type  KR  Vendor invoice Select details button Number range 19 (Note down the no.range)

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Select number range information button Give the company code : AML Select change intervals button Select interval button No.range Year From no. To no. Enter and save Ignore the warning message press enter Select back arrow 3 times Select type No. range -KZ vendor payment 15 (note down the no.range) Select details button Select no.range information button Give the company code :AML Select change intervals button Select interval button No.range 15 Enter and save Ignore the warning message press enter Select back arrow 3 times Select type – KA vendor document Select details button No.range Company code : AML Select change interval button Select interval button No.range Year Form no. To no. Enter and save Ignore the message press enter :17 :2008 :300001 :400000 17 Select no.range information button year 2008 From no. 200001 300000 To no. :19 :2008 :100001 :200000

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HOUSE BANK Bank branch name Bank Address Contact person Telephone no. Senario1 1. House bank  No.of account ID’s (Identification) Scenario 2 2 House banks Account ID Steps: SBI Main branch | Current A/c No. BI Begumpet Branch | Current A/c No. SBI Main branch Current A/c No.1

Current A/c No.2

Current C/A No.3

1) Creation of GL Master  SBI current account  Under Current assets , Loans & Advances
2) Define House bank 3) Creation of check lots  check from no., check to no. * In SAP check mean cheque 1. Creation of GL Master (FS00) Give the GL account no.200105 Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL account no.: 200100 Company : AML Enter Change short text and GL account long text save 2. Define house banks Path : SPRO-Financial accounting –Bank accounting-Bank accounts –Define house banks (FI12) Give the company code Enter Select new entries button House bank Bank country Bank key Save Bank name Street :State Bank of India :Bank Street :SBI :IN :AML1 (text field) : AML

Cash A/c  SBI current A/c

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Currency G/L Account no.e Check box issue date :SBI :SBI1 Select –Non sequential check box Manual payment Automatic payment 1. We can issue any check any time System will issue check one after another 2. Check no To no.Invoice general (Transaction code F-43) Give the document date Type Company code Posting key Account Enter :AML :31 (Vendor credit) :4200001 (Vendor no. Creation of check lots: :Hyderabad :Main branch :SBI1 :SBI current A/c no. Sequential or Non-sequential Sequential Purchase invoice posting Path : Accounting-Financial accounting-Account payable –Document entry.City Bank branch Enter Press enter to save in your request Double click on bank account folder Select new entries button Account ID Description Bank account no. Select save button 3.1 :AML1234 :INR :200105 SBI current a/c Path :Accounting –Financial accounting-Accounts Payable –Periodic Processing -payments (F110) From the menu select  Environmentcheck Information  Number ranges (FCHI) Paying company code :AML House bank Account ID Select change button (Shift +F5) Select create button Lot no.) :Todays date :KR(Vendor) 77 . Short information Purchase date Enter and save :1 :500001 :500100 :SBI :Today’s date i.

To view general ledger sundry creditor raw material –Transaction code is FS10N Give the GL account no. Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :AMLH :500000 :Purchase invoice posting :40 :200120 (Inventory raw material) :* :+ From the menu select document  Simulate and save How to view vendor account transactions Path: Accounting –Financial accounting-Account payable-Account –Display change line items (Transaction code is FBL1N) Give the vendor account Company code :AML Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Select execute button 3.Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.:100501 Sundry creditor raw material Company code Fiscal year Business area Select execute button Double click on cumulate balance amount To view vendor wise Select change layout button Select assignment field from the hidden fields column Select amount in local currency (under column content) Select left arrow Select copy button 100501 Sundry creditors RM Sort key :012 Vendor number Sort key updates assignment field automatically Outgoing payment with clearing Path :Accounting – Financial accounting-Accounts payable -Document entry–Outgoing payment –Post (F-53) Give the document date Type Company code :AML : Todays date :KZ :AMLH : AML :2008 :4200001 78 .

payment doc no. Save :SBI :SBI1 :500025 :4200001 Display check resister Upto check information the path is same Give the paying company code :AML Execute Double click on check no.no. Company code :AML Select cleared item radio button Select normal items check box Execute Creation of manual check Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Accounts payable –Environment –Check information –Create – Manual checks (Tr code FCH5) House bank Account ID Give the check no.is cleared will be number Check encashment date updating: Based on bank statement we update check encashment date.to payment no.code is FBL1N) Give the vendor account no. 79 . 1 2 3 4 5 Amount 5000 5000 15000 5000 5000 Payment 5000 5000 5000 Display –Check register (Tr code is FCHN) :500025 Path A/c Payment doc. Select accompany documents button Bill no. Check 200005 500001 200001 200010 500025 payment history 500005 Assignment of check no.Clearing text Account under bank date Amount Business area Text Account type Double click on payable amount Document Simulate Select save button or Ctrl+S :AMLH :Outgoing payment :200105 (SBI current account) :5000 :Outgoing payment :K comes by default (K stands for Vendors) :5000 Account under open item select :4200001 Select process open items button Go and see the vendor account truncation (Tr.

from to select sort in ascending order button (Ctrl +F5) If any number is missing between the check is misused. We know on which date the check is encased by the party 2.from Void reason code :AML :SBI :SBI1 :500001 :Select 06 destroyed select void button (Shift+F5) Go and see the check register (FCHN) Give the paying company code Select execute button Once the check lot is over all check keep the cursor and cheque no. Bank reconciliation is easier 3.code is FCHG) 80 . upto check information the path is same change –Additional info/Cash (Tr code is FCH6) paying company code :AML House bank :SBI Account ID :SBI1 Check no.2008 for 500019.2008 Checks issued but not presented.by mistake we have given for 500020 500025 20.11.Advantage 1 1.11.2008 to delete encashment date 500021 500022 Path :up to check information the path is same – Delete –Reset data (Tr.11. Unissued checks cancellation Some time while writing check we commit mistake before issuing to party – we cancel check Up to check information the path is same void –unused checks (Tr code is FCH3) Give the paying company code House bank Account id Check no.2008 Save Go and see check register FCHN give the paying company code :AML Execute Sort date wise –FI the encashment date is bank or offer 30.11. How to create void reason code Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Accounts receivable and accounts payable-Business truncationsOutgoing payments –Automatic outgoing payments-Payment media –check management –Define void reason codes (Tr code is FCHV) Select new entries button Reason Void reason code Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request :15 :Stop payment for AML :AML How to delete encashment date data: 500019 we have to give encashment date 20. :500025 Enter Give the check encashment :20.

Vendor account a) Invoice posting (F-43) a) 01 (open items) b) Outgoing payment with clearing (F-53) b) Bank 5000 Dr a)5000 Cr c) Manual check creation (FCH5) CI (Clearing items) A) 5000 Cr B) 5000 Dr d)Display check register (FCHN) e) Issued check cancellation 1) Reset cleared items –Delinking bill amount and payment amount Vendor Account 01 B) Bank 5000 DrA) 5000 Cr 2) Reverse payment Vendor account 01 A) 5000 Cr Cancel check Path :upto check information the path is same –Void-Cancel payment (Tr.:4200001 Company code :AML Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Select execute button Go and see the check register FCHN Give the paying company code Select execute button :AML Advance payments to vendors (down payments to vendors) 81 .Give the paying company code :AML House bank :SBI Account id :SBI1 Check number :500025 Select reset cashing data radio button Execute Select yes button for the message to reset data Go and see the check register (FCHN) Give the paying company code Execute :AML Issued check cancellation System will not permit to cancel encashed checks.Code is FCH8) Paying company code House bank Account ID Check number Void reason code Reversal reason :SBI1 :select 500025 :15 (stop payment for AML) :select 01(reversal in current period) :AML :SBI Select cancel payment button Go and seethe vendor account FBL1N Give the vendor account no.

Vendor account have two parts 1) Normal items 2) Special GL items Creation of GL master advance to vendors (FS00) GL A/c No. If it is payment against a bill -4200001 100501-Sundry creditors If it is payment as an advance 4200001 A 4200001 – Birla Chemicals Limited -100501 A(Advance (Special GL indicator)) ^ 100501 200150 Advance payment posting Purchase invoice posting Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing special GL items. Loans & Advances 2. Clearing of normal items. Link between sundry creditors ands advances to vendors A (Advance special GL indicator) ^ Sundry creditors Advance to vendors Reconciliation account Alternative reconciliation account or special GL Account 100501 200150 Vendor A/c 4200001 – BirlaChemals Limited -100501 At the time of making payment –we know the purpose of payment.Sundry creditors (current liabilities) Purchase Advance Advance to vendors (current assets) Payment purchase 1.100501 (Sundry creditors raw material) Company code Enter Change account group to current assets loans & advances Change short text and GL account long text to Advance to vendors Other fields are common Select save button or Ctrl+S Link between sundry creditors and advance to vendors: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Accounts receivables and accounts payables – Business transactions-Down payment made-Define alternative reconciliation account for down payments (Tr code is OBYR) Double click on A or down payment on current assets Give the chart of accounts Enter Reconciliation account Special GL account Select save button or Ctrl+S :100501 :200150 :AML :AML :200150 82 . Creation of GL master –Advance to vendors –Current assets. Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL account no.

Press enter to save in your request Advance payment posting: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Account payable –Document entry-down payment –Down payment (F48) Document date Type Company code Vendor account Special GL indicator Bank account Business area Amount Text Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :+ :* :A :200105 SBI current account :AMLH :25000 :Advance payment posting :AML :4200001 :Todays date :KZ From the menu select Document –Simulate and save Go and see the vendor account transaction (Tr.code is FBL1N) Give the vendor account no. :4200001 Company code :AML Select open items radio button Select special GL transaction check box Execute Purchase invoice posting (F-43) Give the document date Type Company code Posting key Account no Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no. Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :+ :* :AMLH :purchase invoice posting :40 :200120 inventory raw material :25000 :AML :31 :4200001 :Today’s date :KR 83 .

Company code Select open item radio button Select normal items check box Execute Select back arrow Select special GL truncation check box along with normal items Execute Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing special GL items Path :Accounting –Financial accounting-Accounts payable-Document entry-Down payment –Clearing (F-54) Give the document date Document type Company code Vendor account Text Select process down payments button Transfer posting Save Go and see the vendor account transactions FBL1N Give the vendor account no.From the menu select document –simulate and save Go and see the vendor account (Truncation code FBL1N) Give the vendor account no. Company code Select clearing items radio button Select special GL transaction check box Execute Select back arrow Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Execute :4200001 :AML :25000 :Today’s date :KA :AML :4200001 :Advance transfer to normal :4200001 :AML Clearing of normal items: Path : Accounting –Financial accounting –Accounts payable –Account –Clear Give the account no. :4200001 Company code :AML Select process open items button Double click on credit 25000 Double click on debit 25000 (F-44) 84 .

1500000 – Advance to vendors To be cleared against future bills. 3rd Scenario Advance bill more Advance 9000 Bill amount 90000 Vendor A/c normal items A) Advance payment posting (F-48) B) Purchase invoice posting (F-43) C 9000 C) Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing Special GL (F-54) D) While making balance payment Of Rs.Save Go and see the vendor accounts (Transaction code .FBL1N) Give the vendor account no.9000.500000 from special GL to normal (F-54) Vendor A/c normal items D C Special GL items A 200000 50000 C B 50000 50000 D) Clearing of normal items (F-44) Final result Vendor special GL shows a balance of Rs. :4200001 Company code :AML Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Vendor account | Normal / Items 425000 Sundry creditors C/L Special GL items 25000 5 25000 6 5 25000 3 Advance to vendor 2nd Scenario Advance more bill less Advance 200000 Bill amount 50000 A) Advance payment posting (F-48) B) Purchase in voice posting (F-43) C) Transfer of advance of Rs.81000 double click on bill Amount 900000 and payment amount Rs. All the 3 line items will go to Clearing items (F-53) TERMS OF PAYMENT 1 Payable immediately .Due net Path : SPRO-Financial accounting –Accounts receivable and accounts payable –Business transactionsIncoming invoices / Credit memos – Maintain terms of payment A B 90000 Special GL Items C 9000 9000 85 .

300101 cash discount received Save Press enter to save in your request Purchase invoice posting (F-43) Document date Posting date :25.10.2008 :01. Save Assignment of account for automatic postings: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Accounts receivable and Accounts payable-Business transactionsOut going payments-Out going payments global settings –Define accounts for cash discount taken.2008 :AML :300101 86 .11. Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL account 300100 exchange gain Company code Enter Change short text and GL account long text to cash discount received.of days Term 1 3 10 Term2 2 20 Term3 30 Press enter Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request Cash Discount Received Trade discounts are to be adjusted to purchases where as cash discounts are to be shown under other income. (Tr Code is OBXU) Give the Chart of Accounts :AML Enter Save Give the account no. Document date :Party bill date Posting date :Goods receipt date Entry date :Quality approval date Payment terms :If the payment is made within 10 days -3% cash discount If the payment is made within 20 days -2% ash discount payable within 30 days Under default for baseline date: Select posting date radio button Percentage No.Select new entries button Payment terms :AML1 Select customer check box Select vendor check box Default for base line date No default :No.of purchases during the month base line date at the time of Invoice posting –Blank For all purchases during the month give month end date. Creation of GL master –Cash discount received other income (FS00) Give the GL A/c no.

Entry date Type Company code Currency Posting key Account Enter Amount Payment terms Text Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Posting key Account no. Enter Amount Business area Text :Today’s date :KR :AML :INR :31 :4200001 :100000 :Select AML1 :Purchase invoice posting :40 :200120 Inventory raw material :* :AMLH :+ From the menu select document –Simulate and Save Go and see the vendor account (Transaction code is FBL1N): Vendor account Company code Select open item radio button Select normal items check box Execute Form the menu select change layout button Form the hidden fields column Select current cash discount amount Select amount in document currency under column-contain Select left arrow or show selected fields button Select copy button Outgoing payment with clearing (F-53) Document date Type Company code Clearing text Account under bank data Business area :Today’s date :KZ :AML :Out going payment :200105 SBI current account :AMLH :4200001 :AML 87 .

2 and 3 use the fund for party bill payments. Double click on blue font Text enter Save :+ Automatic payment program (APP) -Check due dates -Issue check -Pass the enter and cleared party account -Generate payment advance . it gives a proposal – In the proposal it shows for which parties for which bills from which bank it is going to issue to checks.update check register The check lot should be sequential –we are not programmer –system given payment program. we have to give bankwise ranking with available amounts. System is issuing form SBI for party X 3 bills –party is having account in ICICI-Change bank from SBI to ICICI.Amount Text Account Select process open items button Double click on payable amount :97000 :out going payment :Under open item selection 4200001 :100000 From the menu select document Simulate We get a message correct the marked line items. 88 .5 and make the payment for 1. Check format and payment advice format APP will be used by cash rich companies They run weekly / for every 10 days /For every 15 days At the time of APP run. SBI 1 1000000 IDBI 2 500000 ICICI 3 300000 It will issue checks from SBI upto 10 lakhs. Then afterwards it issued form IDBI upto 500000 – Then it goes to ICICI and issued up to 3000000 After run. We can edit proposal By blocking some invoices for payment Or By charging bank Party Y 1 2 3 4 5 System will Due Party X 1 2 3 4 5 Black invoices 4.

Setup payment methods for country for payment transactions Path :SPRO –Financial accounting-Account receivable and account payable –Business transactions-Outgoing payments –Automatic outgoing payments -Payment method /Bank selection for payment program-Setup payment method per country for payment transactions Select new entries button Country Payment method Description Select outgoing payments radio button Select check radio button Document type for payment Clearing document type Payment medium program Name of print date set Save Press enter to save in your request :KZ :KZ :RFFOUS_C :LIST1S :IN :B :Check Setup payment methods per company code for payment transactions: Same path Select new entries button Paying company code :AML Payment method Minimum amount Maximum amount Select from data button From for the payment medium: F110_PRENUM_CHECK Drawer on the form Authorized signatory Save Press enter to save in your request Setup all company codes for payment transactions: Same path Select new entries button Company code :AML Paying company code :AML Separate payment per business area check box Out going payment with cash discount from : Bank interest rate 1.5% per month 18% per annum Payment term: If we make the payment within 30 days we get -1% cash discount Due within 60 days : for Aravind Mills Limited :B :10 :9999999999 Select payment per due day check box 89 .

Special GL transaction to be paid under vendors : Select A (Advances) Save Press enter to save in your request Setup paying company codes for payment transactions: Same path Select new entries button Paying company code Select forms button From for the payment advise F110_D_AVIS Select sender details button Text ID :Select ST (ST stands for Text) Letter header Footer Sender Save and Press enter to save in your request Creation of sequential check lots (FCHI) Paying company code House bank Account ID Select change button Select create button Lot number Check number To Deselect non-sequential check box Short information Purchase date Enter and save Assign payment methods in vendor master: :SBI :Today’s :2 :800001 :801000 :AML :SBI :SBI1 :F_0001_HEADER :F_0001_FOOTER :F_0001_SENDER :AML 90 .5+1. Due with in 60 days System will within 30 days since discount more than bank interest rate.5 Payment terms: If we make the payment within 30 days we get 2% cash discount. Maximum cash discount: Payment term: If we make the payment within 30 days we get 1% cash discount.System will payment 60 days since discount is less than bank interest rate. system claims 1% cash discount and make the balance payment only even if it is paid with 60 days. Due within 60 days.5 Within 60 days :Interest for month 1. Within 30 days :Interest for month 1. Though we are not entitled.

check will be in the name of XYZ and party clearing will be BCL House bank :BCL in having account in ICICI –It instructs us to issue check from ICICI only – We give house bank ICICI. it will issue one check only for all the bills due –some parties ask us to issue separate check for each bill.check we issued only form ICICI. Enter Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.Path :Accounting-Financial accounting –Accounts payable-Master records –Maintain centrally-Change (XK02) Give the vendor no. Select individual payment check box. Enter Amount Business area Text Document –Simulate and save Setup bank determination: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Accounts payable-Periodic processing-Payments (Tr code is FBZP) From the menu select Environment maintain -Configuration Automatic payment program –Customization one –Screen FBZP Select bank determination button Select position button Paying company code :AML :AMLH :+ :* :AMLH :Purchase invoice posting :40 :200120 Inventory raw material :9999 :AML :31 :4200001 :Today’s date :KR 91 . when we run APP . Select save button or Ctrl+S END USER AREA Purchase invoice posting (F-43) Document date Type Company code Posting key Account no. :4200001 Company code :AML Select payment transaction check box under company code data Enter Payment methods :Select ‘B’ Payment block :If we don’t want to make the payment to this party in this run. Separate check will be issued for each bill. Individual payment :When we run APP. select -Skip account Alternative payee :We have purchased from Birla Chemicals Limtied –BCL has to make the payment to party XYZ –BCL instructs us to make the payment to XYZ-in alternative payee give XYZ no.

11.Payments (Tr code is F110) Run date Identification Select parameter tab Company codes Payment methods :Today’s date :AML1 :AML :B :SBI :SBI1 :999 :INR :AMLH :SBI :B :INR :SBI1 :200105 (SBI current account) :B :INR :1 :SBI available for outgoing payment :1000000 Though we have given the date. 92 .11.2008 2% System will not issue check today’s – It will issue in the next run since the discount amount is same.Enter Select AML Double click on ranking order folder Select new entries button Payment method Currency Bank order House bank Save Press enter to save in your request Double click on bank accounts folder Select new entries button House bank Payment method Currency Account ID Bank sub account Business area save Double click available amounts folder Select new entries button House bank Account ID Days Currency Save Automatic payment program run (Tr code is F110) Path :Up to periodic processing the path is same. we can run tomorrow it self Payment term Purchase today :If we make the payment within 10 days we get 2% cash discount (Dues within 30 days) :07.2008 If we make the payment to day -2% If we make the payment on 14.

2008 Select proposal button (Shift +F1) Select start immediately check box Enter Go on press enter (Basic Tr code box green tick mark box) Till we get the message payment Proposal has been created To edit the proposal -Select any proposal button enter (Shift +F4) Double click on vendor no. Select reallocation button Payment method House bank Account ID Enter Save Select bank arrow two times We get a message payment proposal has been edited Select payment run button Enter Go on press enter .2008 :14. To block on invoice for payment Double click on document no.11. To take check printing: Select printout / data medium tab for the program RFFOUS_C Give the variant :A1 :B :SBI :SBI1 :100004 :100001 :Select A (Block for payment ) 93 . Payment block Enter To change bank for second bill Double click on document no.11. It we get the message payment run has been carried out.11.2008 :14.2008 APP run2 Next payable date Next posting date Vendor from Vendor to Save Select bank arrow :14.2008 :AML2 30 days credit 07-12-2008 : It asks next Posting date :14.11.11.11.It control the cash flows Party bill date Payment term APP run today :07.2008 :4200001 :4300000 21.

Select maintain variants button Select for all selection screen radio button Select continue button Program run date Identification feature Paying company code Payment method Business area House bank Account id Check lot no. :2 Parameters are saved in the variant in place of question mark A1 Press enter Enter once again To view check printing From the menu select system –Services output control Select execute button Select spool no.check box for check Select display contents (F6) :SBI check printing date 08.11.2008 94 .2008 :0 :LP01 :AMLH :SBI :SBI1 :2 :AML1 :AML :B :07.of sample print outs Select don’t void any checks check box Select attributes button (F5) Meaning Save Select back arrow Save once again Select bank arrow Select print out button Select start immediately check box For job name –in place of question of mark –Give variant A1 A1 Company code :AML Business area :AMLH Bank :SBI Account ID :SBI1 Check lot no.11. Select print checks check box Printer :LP01 Select print immediately check box Select print payment advice notes check box printer :LP01 Select print immediately check box Select print payment summary check box Printer Select print immediately check box No.

Financial accounting –Accounts payable –Document entry –Credit memo general (F-41) Document date Type Company code Posting key Account Enter Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.Go and see the vendor Account FB11N Give the vendor account Company code Select normal items check box Execute Double click on document type :KZ For the amount :9999 Select call up document overview button (F9) Select display document header button Enter From the menu select Environment check information :AML Select cleared items radio button :4200001 Go and see the check register (FCHN) Give the paying company code :AML Execute Credit memo postings Purchase from Birla Chemicals Limited If the material is not good Return the material or reduce the amount (Price) BCL will issue credit note to mail or AML raises Debit note on BCL Both are same Doc type :KG (Credit memo) KA No.range 17 17 No need to give no. Enter Amount Business area :AMLH :* :AMLH : Credit memo posting :500 :200120 Inventory raw material :1000 :AML :21 Credit memo :4200001 :Today’s date :KG (Vendor credit memo) 95 .range interval already we have given earlier Path :Accounting.

Assign number ranges to customer account groups 4.Loans&Advances" Sales OBA7 Sub ledger Sundry Debtors(General Ledger) | TO SALES Reconciliation account field Required Entry field 96 .Creation Of Customer Master 6.Creation Of Customer Account Groups A)FI Customers Asset Sale/Scrap Sale/RM Sale Parties B)SD CUSTOMERS PRODUCT SALE PARTIES 2. Eg: Product Sale/Raw Material Sale/Scrap Sale When Sales & Distribution(SD) Module is implemented-This is used for Raw Material Sale /Scrap Sale/Asset Sale-(Other than Product Sale) At the time of sale: Customer Account Dr | General Ledger | | | Reconciliation Account Or Control Account BASIC SETTINGS FOR ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE: 1.Creation of 2 GL masters A)Sundry DebtorsB)Sales Account 5. Document Types And No.Create number ranges for customer accounts 3.Text :+ From the menu select Document –Simulate and save Note: Cash journal postings – not accept negative balances Normal postings Accept negative postings ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE (A/R) This is also a Sub Ledger (Subsidiary Ledger) This is used when Sales & Distribution (SD) Module Is not implemented-All types of sales.Ranges "Current Assets.

Debit expenses ) 1. Save.DR DZ DA 7.SALES INVOICE POSTING: Creation of customer account groups Path: SPRO. range for customer accounts (Tr.Define account groups with screen layout (customers) Select new entries button Account group : AML1 Name : FI Customers for AML Double lick company code data Double click account management Reconciliation account make it required entry filed Save Select create request button Short description for AR customization for AML Press enter Enter once again to Save in your request Select next entry button Account group Name : AML2 : SD customers for AML Double click on company code data Double click on account management Reconciliation account make it required entry filed.Posting Keys Customer Invoice Customer Payment Customer Document For Transfers/Reversals 01 Customer Debit 15 Customer Credit We test a scenario where vendor is a customer Party BCL Party BCL Purchase 100000 Sales 100000 Sales 20000 Purchase 20000 -------------Net Payable 80000 Net Receivable 80000 When we Pay/Receive net amount we have to clear vendor transactions and customer transactions at a time Note : Create receipt terms (if any cash discount debit . Create No. range for customer accounts: Path :Upto preparation for creating customer master data the path is same.Preparation for creating customer master data.-Create no.Account Receivables and accounts payables customer accounts – Master data.Financial Accounting.code is XDN1) Select change intervals button Select interval button 97 .

Select interval button once again No. range From no. Company code Select with template button Give the GL account no. To no.range From no. Enter and Save Ignore the warning message press enter Assign Number ranges to customer account groups: Same path Select position button Account group Enter For AML1 For AML2 Save Press enter to save in your request Define tolerance group for Customer Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Account receivable and account payable-Business truncations-incoming payments-manual incoming payments-Define tolerances(Customers) Select new entries button Company code :AML Tolerance group Description Save Press enter save in your request : Blank :Tolerance group for AML Assign no.No.range :23 Assign no.200150 advance to vendors Company code Enter Change short text and GL account long text to Sundry Debtors Select control data tab Change reconciliation account for account type to customers : AML :200110 :AML 98 . To no. Enter :23 :6600001 :6700000.range :24 : AML1 :24 :6700001 :6800000 Creation of GL Masters (FS00): Give the GL account no.

Change short text and GL account loge text to sales account Other fields are common Select save button or Ctrl+S Creation of customer master Path: Accounting.Change sort key to 031 customer number Select Create / Bank / Interest tab Field status group Save GL account no Company code Select with template button Change GL account 300100 Exchange gain Company code Enter Select type/description tab Change the account group to sales/.Financial accounting –Accounts receivables-Master records-Maintain Centrally-Create (Tr.range Select no.Code is XD01) Account group Company code Enter Title : Name Country Select control data tab Vendor Reconciliation account Sort key Select payment transaction tab Terms of payment Save :0001 payable immediately due net :4200001 :200110 Sundry debtors :031 (Customer no.range information button Company code Select change intervals button :AML :18 99 .) Select company code data button : select Company : BIRLA Chemicals Limited : IN for India :select FI customer for AML :AML :AML :300000 :AML :G067 Document type number ranges (OBA7) Select type Dr customer invoice Select details button No.

range Year Form no. To no.range Year From no.range information button Company code Select change interval button Select interval button No. Enter and save Ignore the message press enter Select back arrow three times Select type Select details button No.Document entry-Invoice –General (F-22) Give the document date :Today’s date 100 .Select intervals button No. Enter and save Ignore the warning message press enter Select back arrow 3 times Select type Select details button No.range information button Company code Select change intervals button Select interval button No. Enter and save Ignore the warning message press enter :16 :2008 :600001 :700000 :AML :16 :DA (customer document) :14 :2008 :500001 :600000 ::AML :14 :DZ (Customer payment ) :18 :2008 :400001 :500000 ENTER USER AREA Sales invoice posting: Path accounting – Financial accounting –Account receivable. To no. To no.range Select no.range Year Form no. range Select no.

Type Company code Posting key Account Enter Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account Enter Account Business area Text :AMLH : AMLH :AML :DR :01 Invoice (Customer debit) C:Customer D: Debit : select 6600001 :500000 : Sales Invoice posting :50 :300000 (sales account) :* :+ From the menu select document  Simulate and save 2. :6600001 Company code Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Select execute button Select back arrow To view vendor and customer transactions together Select vendor items check box along with normal items Execute 3.code is FBL5N) Give the customer account no.How To View Customer Account TransactionsPath : Accunting – Financial accounting – Accounts receivable. RangeAccount type: A assets D customers to select K vendors selected M materials S GL accounts selected Normal payment entry: vendor a/c DR Vendor :AML 101 . Ranges-OBA7 Select doc type: DZ Select details button Below no.Incoming payment and clear vendor and customer transactions together Step A)Document type DZ should allow vendor transactions Document types and no. RangeAccount type: A Assets D Customers selected K Vendors to select M Materials S GL accounts selected Normal receipt entry: Bank A/c DR GL Select doc type: kz Select details button Below no.Account-Display / Change line items (Tr.

Company code Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Select vendor items check box Execute Advance Receipts From Customers (Down Payment Receipts From Customers) Sundry Sale Advance :6600001 :AML :AML :4200001 : Select K (Vendors) : AML : Incoming payment : 200105 (SBI current account) :AMLH :496000 : Incoming payment : Select 6600001 :D comes by default (D stands for customers) : Today’s date : DZ Customer payment Advance from 102 .Incoming payments – (Tr.code OBA7 Select document type select details button select vendor check box save : DZ (customer payment ) Incoming Payment : Path :Accounting – Financial accounting – Accounts receivable.To customer customer To Bank GL use the Tr.code is FBL5N) Give the customer account no.Document entry.Codes is F-28) Give the document date Type Company code Clearing text Account under bank data Business area Amount Text Account under open item selection Account type Select other accounts check box Select process open item button Select standard open items check box Account type Company code Account Select continue button Double click on all open items Document  Simulate and save Go And See The Customer Account Transactions (Tr.

Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing special GL items 6.Debtors (Current Asset) Receipt Sale Customers (Current Liabilities) 1. Clearing of normal items a)Customer account two parts b) Special GL items 1. Link between Sundry Debtors and advance from Customers Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Accounts receivable and accounts payable-Business transactionsDown payment received –Define reconciliation accounts for customer down payments(OBXR) Double click on special GL indicator A Give a your chart of accounts Enter Reconciliation account Special GL account Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request END USER AREA Advance receipt posting: :200110 :100502 :AML 103 . Creation Of GL Master-Advance From Customers- under Current Liabilities & Provisions (FS00) 2. Creation of GL master –advance from customer current liabilities & provisions (FS00) Give the GL account no.Advance Receipt Posting 4. Sales invoice posting 5.:100502 Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL account no.:200110 Sundry debtors Company code :AML Change account group to current liability & provisions Change short & GL account long text advance from customers Save 3. Link between Sundry Debtors and advance from Customers A (Advance) /\ Sundry debtors Advance from customers (Reconciliation Account)(Alternative reconciliation account or special GL account) Special GL Indicator 3.

:6600001 Company code Select open items radio button Select special GL transactions check box Execute Sales invoice posting ( Tr code is F-22) Give the document date :Today’s date Type Company code Posting key Account Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.Path :Accounting.Financial accounting –Accounts receivable-Document entry-Down payment –Down payment (Tr.code is F-29) Give the document date Type Company code Customer account Special G/L indicator Bank account Business area Amount Text Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :+ :* :A :200105 SBI current account :AMLH :12000 :Advance receipt posting :AML :6600001 :Today’s date :DZ From the menu select –Document –Simulate and save Go and see the customer account transaction (FBL5N) Give the customer account no. Enter Amount enter Business area Text :* :AMLH :+ :AMLH :Sales invoice posting :50 :300000 Sales A/c :12000 :AML :01 :6600001 :DR customer invoice :AML Form the menu select document –Simulate and save 104 .

:6600001 Company code Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Select back arrow Select special G/L transactions check box along with normal items Execute Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing special GL items: Path :Accounting-Financial accounting –Accounts receivable-Document entry-Down payment clearing (F-39) Give the document date Type Company code Customer account Text Select process down payment button Transfer posting Save Go and see the customer account transactions (FBL5N) Give the customer account no. :6600001 Company code :AML Select cleared items radio button Select special GL transactions check box Execute Select bank arrow Select open items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Clearing of normal items: Path :Accounting.Go and see the customer account transaction (FBL5N) Give the customer account no.Financial accounting –Accounts receivable –Account –Clear (F-32) Give the account no. Company code Select process open item button Double click on debit Double click on credit :12000 :12000 :6600001 :AML :12000 :AML :6600001 :Advance receipt clearing :Today’s date :DA :AML 105 .

:6600001 Company code :AML Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Execute BILL DISCOUNTING Fund based limits (Money will be given physically by the bank) 1. Bank Guarantees (BG) 2.Bill discounting Bill discounting mechanism Local Sales order Export sales orders Non fund based limits (Money will no be given physically by the bank to the company) 1. Cash credit 2.Bank overdraft 4.Save Go and see the customer account transactions FBL5N Give the customer account no. Packing credit 3.11. bank will collect From customer | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------| | Customer makes the customer does not make the payment to the bank Payment to bank liability to AML No liability to AML Contingent liabilities Liability is uncertain Year end: This is shown in notes to accounts –Under contingent liabilities Liability to AML Bills discounted with bank 106 . Letter of credit (LC) AML Sale 500000 on 12.2008 Term of payment –30 Days Credit AML Discounts the bill With the bank | Bank will charge 30 days | On due date.

Customer A/c Normal items A) 100000 Special GL B)100000 E)100000 300000 B)100000 SBI bill discounting OP BAL E)100000 300000 C)100000 ---------400000 Limits with banks: Bill discounting limit Already discounted Limit available Bill discounted as per C Limit available Payment by customer as per E Now limit available SBI 5000000 3000000 ------------2000000 ======= 1000000 ----------1000000 1000000 ----------2000000 ====== IDBI 2000000 2000000 -----------0 Creation of 2 GL masters Sundry debtors (Bill exchange under current assets.No entry C) Bill discounting Bank current A/c Dr To Bank bill discounting D) Report view customer wise /BIllwise due date wise/Bankwise out standings available in SAP E) Reverse contingent liability Bank bill discounting Dr To Customer SAP Accounting Customer A/c Dr (Sundry debtors) To Sales Customer special GL (W) Dr (Sundry debtors bill of exchange) To customer a/c with clearing (Sundry debtors) Bank current A/c Dr To Interest A/c To Bank Bill discounting Bank bill discounting (with clearing) Dr To Customer special GL(W) with clearing (sundry debtors will of exchange) Presentation in Balance sheet: Sundry debtors=Sundry debtors Sundry debtors (Bill of exchange) Bank bill discounting Debit } Net Zero Credit Or Don’t plot sundry debtors bill of exchange and bank discounting in balance sheet-It is required only for notes to accounts.Normal Accounting A) Incase of sales Customer A/c Dr To Sales B) Bill of exchange payment . loans & advances. SBI bill discounting Secured loans 107 .

Creation of GL account (FS00) Give the GL account no. Company code :100302 :AML :AML :AML Select with template with button Give the GL account no.200110 Sundry debtors Company code Enter Change short text to sundry debtors Bill of Exchange Change GL account long text to sundry debtors (Bill of exchange) Other fields are common Select save button or Ctrl+S GL account no. Sundry debtors Account and bank bill discounting account Path: up to the bill of exchange receivable at bank-Define bank sub accounts(Tr code is OBYK) Select new entries button Chart of accounts :AML :200110 :200111 Sundry debtors (Bill of exchange) :W (Bill of Exchange receivable) :AML :AML Change short text and GL account long text to SBI bill discounting 108 .Fund based limits and non-fund base limits First change on current asset and second change on fixed assets.100300 SBI Rupee Term loan Company code Select control data tab Select open item management check box Select create /bank /interest tab Select post automatically only check box Save Link between sundry debtors and sundry debtors bill of exchange Path:SPRO-Financial account-Bank account –Business transactions-Bill of exchange transactions-Bill of Exchange receivable-Post bill of change receivable-Define alternative reconcile –Actual for Bills/Exchange receivable (Tr code is OBYN) Double click on special GL indicator Give the chart of accounts Enter Reconciliation account Special GL account Save Save in your request Link for Bank current account.:200111 Company code Select with template Give the GL account no.

Bank account :200105 SBI current account :W Usage select discounting special GL indicator Customer reconciliation account :200110(sundry debtors) Bank sub account for liability :100302 (SBI bill discount) Save Press enter to save in your request END USER AREA Sales invoice posting (F-22) Give the document date Type Company code Select posting key Account no.Accounts receivable –Document entry-Bill of exchange –Payment (F36) Give the document date Type Company code Posting key Account no. Special GL indictor Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :Bill of exchange payment :100000 :AML :09 Customer special debit :6600001 :W :Today’s date :DZ 109 . Enter Amount Business area Payment terms Text Posting key Account Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Text :* :AMLH :+ :AMLH :Select NT 30 Net 30 (30 days credit) :sales invoice posting :50 :300000 Sales account :100000 :AML :01 :6600001 :Today’s date :DR From the menu select document –Simulate and save Bill of exchange payment: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting.

document no. document wise and bank wise outstanding: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting-Accounts receivable-Periodic processing –Bill of exclude processing – Korea-Bill of exchange management (Tr codes S_ALR_87012213) Give the chart of accounts GL account Company code Special GL indicator Usage Select discounted /Collected radio button Execute Select current layout button Keep the fields due date. HYD select choose open item button Select process open item button Double click on receivable Note the document no.Document entry –Bill of exchange –Discounting (F-33) Give the document date Type Company code Bank account Business area Amount Text Posting key Account no.Due on Placement usage Domicile Control bank location :14.Accounts receivable. :AML :W :select D (Discounting) :AML :200111 Bill of exchange :500003 :AMLH :+ :500000 :AML :200105 (SBI current account) :AMLH :95000 :SBI bill discounting :40 :400400 Interest account :Today’s date :DA :100000 From the menu select document –Simulate and save 110 .500003 Bill discounting: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting. customer received form. document data-Domicile. Document –Simulate and save Report to view customer wise bill wise.2008 (30 days due date) :select discounting :SBI :Main Branch.12. Enter Amount Business area Text Press select bill of exchange button Doc no.

111 .Bill of exchange –Reverse contingent liability (F-20) Give the document date & Posting date Type Company code :AML GL account Usage Due by Customer Select edit line items button Ignore the all warning message and press enter Select drop down button for command column + ++ Set items to active Set items is blocks to active Set items to inactive Set items in blocks to inactive :13.2008 :DA :200111 (Sundry debtors bill of exchange) :Select discounting :31. Bill No 2 3 4 5 + + + or ++ ++ or – Customer made payment for 1 and 5 bills Bill no. or or 1 + 2 3 4 5 + Command filed select + Save From the menu select document –Display If bill is dishonored: Contingent liability becomes actual liability base step E reverse contingent liability additional entry to be passed.12.2008 :6600001 Customer made payment for 2.3 and 4 bills.Amount in local currency Select copy button Reverse contingent liability : Path :Accounting-Financial accounting –Accounts receivable-Document entry.12. Customer account Dr To SBI current account (Sundry debtors) Dunning (Reminder) If the customer does not make the payment as per terms of payment system will issue dunning letters.

2008 after after after after Payment terms 0001 20.12.Big companies Separate marketing heads For East For West For North For South Only to his area customers. (Cash credit : Loan from bank and after sales we discharge the liability export sales order .2008 30. It can be level based / amount Based It can be fixed percentage amount It will be shown only in the letter It will not be posted the accounts Define dunning areas: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Accounts receivable and account payable-Business transactions – Dunning –Basic settings for dunning –Define dunning areas.11. Small companies –one marketing head for all the regions.2008 10. Company code will be the dunning area.2008 Payable immediately Dunning charges: For sending the letter we can collect dunning charges form the customer.12. Select new entries button Company code Area Text save Ignore the warning message press enter Press enter to save in your request Define dunning procedures: Path :Up to dunning the path is same –Dunning procedures-Define procedures (Tr code is FBMP) Select new procedure button Dunning procedure :AML Name Dunning interval in days:10 :Dunning procedure for AML :AML :Blank :Dunning area to AML 112 .We are not programmers we use system given dunning letter formats.2008 20.11. packing credit loan from bank . bill discounting after sale) Dunning levels type of letters Maximum We are using Dunning intervals (Frequency) Grace period :9 levels :4 levels :10 days :3 days Eg: 1st Letter 2nd Letter 3rd Letter 4th Letter Sale on 17.11. Dunning area: Company code as a whole /Regional wise / location wise Eg. Here we create each session as one dunning area .

of dunning levels Line item grace periods Interest indicator :4 :3 days :Select 01 standard item interest calculation Select standard transactions dunning check box Ignore the warning message press enter Dunning texts button Company code Enter Select new company code button Give the company code :AML Enter For company code :AML select separate notice per dunning level check box Select back arrow two times Select Yes button for the message to save date Press enter to save in your request Select dunning levels button Select always dun check box for all the four levels Select charges button (F6) Give the currency Enter Company code Enter Open one more session with transaction code :FBMP Double click on procedure Select dunning text button Give the company code Enter Come to the first session Dunning level 1 From F150-Dunn -01 Dunning level 2 Select pagedown button (right side) Dunning level 3 Form F150_dunn_02 Dunning level 4th Form F150_dunn_02 Now select charges button :0001 Select customer radio button 0001 :AML :INR :AML Select customer radio button Select customer radio button 113 .No.

2008 Type Company code Posting key Account Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no. Enter Amount Business area Text :AMLH :+ :* :AMLH :Sales invoice posting :50 :300000 Sales account :1111 :AML :01 :6600001 :DR :select AML :660001 :AML From the menu Select Document –Simulate and save Dunning run Path: Accounting –Financial accounting-Accounts receivable Periodic processing-Dunning-(Tr code F150) 114 .11. Company code Enter Select company code date button Select correspondence tab Dunning procedure Save END USER AREA Sale invoice posting (F-22) Give the document date & posting date :10.Give the currency :INR Enter Select back arrow Save Ignore the warning message press enter Press enter to save in your request Assign dunning procedure in customer master: Path :Accounting-Financial accounting-Accounts receivable –Master records-Maintain centrally-Change (Tr code is XD02) Give the customer account no.

Run on Identification Select parameter tab Dunning date :Today’s date :AML1 :Todays date :Today date :6700000 :AML Documents posted up to Company code Customer Save Select back arrow Select schedule button Select start immediately check box Output devise Select schedule button Go on press enter till we get the message ‘ Dun selection is complted’ Select dunning print out button Select print button Go on press enter till we get the message dunning print out is completed Select dunning history button Give your company code Execute (F8) Keep the cursor on 1111 Select display dunning notice button Keep the cursor on the document no. 115 . Select print preview button Go and see the customer master (XD02) Customer Company code :AML Enter Its updates automatically Last dunned date :6600001 :AML :LP01 :17.11.2008 and dunning level.

4-4.32=0. tax paid on purchases can not be adjusted –to add to inventory.08 4.4(CST2%) ----------------247. Customization of sales tax 1. CST sales –CST purchases=4.16 ====== ===== Sales (Output tax) 2 outside state CST purchase 100 8 2. Local sales –Local purchases 27.SALES TAX VAT means valued added tax or LST Local Sales Tax CST mans Central Sales Tax Purchase Input tax 1 Local purchases VAT/CST Purchase Basic 100 Excise 8% 8 VAT 4% 4. (Local sales /CST sales) At the time of CST purchase.18 2.50-4. CST sales –Local purchases 4.5%) 4.32=23.4 At the time of local purchases.32 110. We are testing now without excise duty.40 ===== ====== Payment to sales Department 1. tax paid on purchases. Define tax procedure Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Financial accounting global settings-Tax on sales /purchases-Basic settings-Check calculation procedure.50(VAT12. Excises rates are based on products Excise rates are given central excise tariff. Local sales –CST purchases 27.50=27.50 224. 52000000 Textiles 8% Central excise will be covered in the end. in central excise tariff we have 8 digits chapter ID. can be adjusted –to tax payable at the time of sales.4=4.50 3.16(CST2%) -------VAT /L 3 Local Sales CST sales 4 Outside State sales 200 200 20 20 27.32(B+E) --------Bill amount 112. Double click on define procedures Select new entries button 116 .

tax percent rate Select deactivate line (F5) button Save Tax code Enter :V1 :0% input tax :Select V input tax :Vo :IN for India 117 . tax percent rate 0 Keep the cursor on ouput tax.Procedure :H Tax Description :Sales tax India Save Press enter to save in your request Select H Tax Double click control data folder Select new entries data folder Select new entries button Step 10 20 30 Save Assign country to calculation procedure Up to basic settings the path is same Assign country to calculation procedure Select position button Give the country Enter For country IN assign procedure H tax Save Press enter to save in your request :IN for India Co 0 0 0 C Type Select BASB MWVS MWAS Description Base amount 10 10 10 10 Select VST -Input tax MWS output tax Input tax Output tax From To Account key Define tax codes for sales and purchases Up to tax on sales of purchases the path is same-Calculation –Define-Tax codes for sales and purchases. (Tr.code is FTXP) Give the country Enter Give the tax code Enter Description Tax type Enter Input tax.

Loans & Advances :12. tax percent rate Select deactivate line button Save Assign tax codes for non-taxable transactions Path :Up to tax on sales/purchases the path is same Posting-Assign tax codes for non-taxable transactions (Tr code is OBCL) Select position button Give your company code :AML Enter For AML select input tax V0 Out put tax Vo Save Press enter save in your request Creation of GL master FS00 1. tax percent rate Select deactivate line button Save Tax code Enter Description Tax type Enter Output tax.Description Tax type Enter :4% input tax :select V input tax Input tax.5% output tax :Select A out put tax :A1 :0% output tax :select A output tax :A0 118 .5% Keep the cursor on input tax. tax percent rate Select deactivate line button Save Tax code Enter Description Tax type Enter Output tax. VAT receivable 2. VAT payable Current liability Tr code is FS00 Give the GL account no. tax percent rate 12. tax percent rate 0 Keep the cursor our input tax. Company code :200155 :AML Current assets. tax % rate 4 Keep the cursor out put tax.

:200120 Company code Select control data tab Tax category Save Ignore the warning message press enter GL Account Company code Tax category Save Ignore the message press enter Assignment of accounts for automatic postings: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Financial accounting global settings-Tax on sales/purchases-postingDefine tax accounts (OB40) Double click on transactions  VST (input tax) Give the Chart of Accounts :AML Enter Select save button or Ctrl+S 300000 AML :select * Sales A/c :Select * (All tax types allowed) Select posting without tax allowed check box :AML From the menu select GL account change :200155 :AML :AML :200120 (Inventory RM) :AML From the menu select GL account change Select posting without tax allowed check box 119 . Company code Enter Change short and GL long text to VAT receivable Select create / Bank /Interest tab Field status group change to G041 (Tax office clearing accounts) Save One more account Give the GL account no. Company code Enter Select type/Description tab Change account group to current liability and provisions Change short text and GL account long text to VAT payable Save Give the GL account no.100505 Company code Select with template button Give the GL account no.Select with template button Give the GL account no.

100505 VAT table Save Press enter to save in your request In line environment FI consultant’s job: Customization Creation of Tax procedure Creation of tax codes Creation of GL accounts Assignment of GL accounts MM module: Purchase order material no.5%) output tax Tax procedure Base amount 200 sales account Output tax on base amount 25 MWS -100505 VAT payable At 12. 9876 Material Qty Rate Tax code FG1 1Kg 200 A1 (12.5% ----Customer debit 225 === In FI for sales: Customer account Dr 225 To sales 200 To VAT payable 25 Save Sales invoice posting Tr code is F-22 Give the document date :Today’s date Company code Posting key Account :AML :01 customer debit :6600001 120 .Give the account :200155 VAT receivable Save Press enter to save in your request Select back arrow Double click on transactions MWS(output tax) Save Give the account no.RM1 Purchase order vendor 1234 Purchase order Qty 1 Kg Purchase order Rate 100 Purchase order tax code V1 (4% input tax) Goods receipt Tax procedure: Base amount Input tax on base amount (V1-4% ) Vendor credit 100 4 ----104 (1* 100) inventory Account VST -200155 VAT receivable === SD module: Sales order Customer no.

Enter Amount Tax code Business area Text :* :Select A1 :AMLH :+ :50 :300000 (Sales a/c) :225 :Tax sales invoice posting Select calculate tax check box From the menu select Document.Simulate Double click on VAT payable line item Business area Text Save :AMLH :+ ASSET ACCOUNTING Bad debits: 1. Creation of GL Master :Provision for bad debts reconciliation A/c No. Sales invoice posting Reserve for bad debt 200112 F-22 121 . Link between sundry debtors and provision for bad debts :OBXY E /\ 200110 3.Enter Give the amount Text Posting key Account no.200112 2.

2003 Main asset master Sub asset master Motor 122 . Sub asset master is to be created with reference to main asset master. Account determination is specified in asset class 4. After 3 years bad debtors Dr To Customer special GL Asset accounting: This is sub ledger (subsidiary ledger) Chart of Depreciation Asset accounting customization will be done for Chart of Depreciation will be assigned to company code/codes. Posting keys: 70 Asset Debit 75 Asset Credit Asset accounting is based on 4 rules: 1. Straight Line Method depreciation method (SLM) Written down value depreciation method (WDV) Depreciation keys 5% SLM Rate 5% WDV Rate Rate +Method Transaction types 100 External acquisition 110 In-house production \ 210 Retirement with revenue Asset debit The debit can be use of External acquisition (Outside purchase) /In house production/Inter unit transfer/Inter company purchase. Depreciation areas: Book depreciation (Postings to accounts) Income tax depreciation Group depreciation Costing depreciation | | Only for information | Depreciation methods. We have to copy either Germany chart of depreciation or Indian Chart of Depreciation. Main asset master is to be created with reference to asset class 3.1 15.4.Building Dept A Asset class Free hold Lease hold Factory Non factory Machine no. Account determination Purchase 200000 P & M 200000 P& M Profit on asset sale 1.Land 2.05. Transfer from customer normal to customer special GL E Customer special GL E ER Dr To customer with clearing F-30 Provision for bad debt Sundry debtors F-30 Provision for bad debt 5. 2. For account determination we assign GL accounts based on the nature of transaction. With transaction type we will come to know because of what it is debited.

Motor purchase: . Motor A/c Dr To Bank GL Save CUSTOMIZATION Copy reference Chat of Depreciation /Depreciation Area: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Asset Accounting –Organizational structures –Copy reference Chart of Depreciation /Depreciation area (Tr code is EC08) Double click on copy reference Chart of Depreciation From the menu select organizational object Copy org.2 20. Capital work in progress Machine no. Crate machine no. Vehicles 6.11. These items will determine the GL accounts to be posted automatically. as account determinations. Main asset will be have always sub number zero.1 Master Motor to machine no. Others General Expansion 1 Expansion 2 Additions to specific mechanical will be created as sub asset masters. Plant & Machinery Loss on asset Sale Loss due to scrapping Depreciation Accumulation depreciation Dept B Dept C 4.1 1-0 1-1 1-2 If we give 1-0 it gives main asset value If we give 1-1 it gives motor value If we give 1 it gives machines 1 with additions Why we call Land /Buildings etc. object (F6) From Chart of Depreciation :Select ODE (Maximum valuation: Germany) To chart of Depreciation Enter Ignore the message press enter Select create request button Short depreciation :Asset customization for AML Enter Press enter once again to save in your request We get a message chart of depreciation ODE copy to AML Enter :AML SL 500000 Transaction type :100 2000000 P & M 50000 GL 500000 123 .1 Addition to machine no.3. Furniture & Fixtures 5.2008 Furniture & Fixtures Heavy .

15.20.31.41 &51 From the menu select Edit Delete Save Ignore the warning message press enter Press enter to save in your request Assign Chart of Depreciation to Company code Path :Up to organization structure the path is same –Assign Chart of Depreciation to company code (Tr code is OAOB) Select position button Give the company code :AML Enter For company code AML Chart of Depreciation AML Save Press enter to save in your request :AML Specify account determination Path :Up to the organizational structure the path is same –Asset Class-Specify account determination Select new entries button Account determination AML10000 AML11000 AML20000 AML30000 AML31000 AML40000 Description Land Building Plant & Machinery Furniture & Fixtures Vehicles Capital work in progress Save Press enter to save in your request Create screen layout rule Same path 124 .32.Select back arrow Double click on specify depreciation of Chart of Depreciation Select position button Chart of Depreciation Enter Change the description to Chart of Depreciation for AML Press enter to save in your request Select back arrow Double click copy /delete depreciation areas Give the Chart of Depreciation :AML Enter Select areas 3.10.

To no. Enter Select interval button :03 :200001 :300000 :02 :100001 :200000 :100000 :Land :Buildings :Plant & Machinery :Furniture & Fixtures :Vehicle :Capital work in progress Change screen layout 1100 to AML2 Change screen layout 2000 to AML3 Change screen layout 2100 to AML4 Change screen layout 2500 to AML5 Change the screen layout 2600 to AML6 125 . Enter Select interval button No.Select screen layout Select screen layout Select screen layout Select screen layout Select screen layout Select screen layout Select copy as button 1000 1100 2000 2100 2500 3000 Change screen layout 1000 to AML1 Name Name Name Name Name Name Enter & Save Press enter to save in your request Define number range intervals Path :Same path (Tr code is AS08) Company code :AML Select change intervals button Select interval button Number range :01 From number Enter Select interval button once again No.range From no.range From no. To no.

range From no.range From no. To no. Enter & Save Define asset classes: :06 :04 :300001 :400000 :05 :400001 :500000 :500001 :600000 Path :Same path (Tr code is OAOA) Select new entries button Asset class Description :AML1000 :Free hold land Short text also :Free hold land Account determination :select AML10000 Land Screen layout rule No.rage :01 :select AML1 Land Select included asset under inventory data Select no. To no.AUC or Summary Management of AUC Save Select next entry button (F8) 126 .AUC or Summary Management of AUC Save Press enter to save in your request Note: AUC stands for Asset Under Construction Select next entry button (F8) Asset class Description Short text Screen layout rule Number rage :02 :AML1100 :Factory Buildings : Factory Buildings :AML2 Account determination :select AML11000 Buildings Select include asset under inventory data check box Select no. Enter Select interval button No. Enter Select interval button No. To no.rage From no.No.

AUC or Summary Management of AUC Save Select next entry button (F8) Asset class Description Short text Screen layout rule Number rage :04 :AML3000 : Furniture & Fixtures : Furniture & Fixtures :AML4 Account determination :select AML30000 Furniture & Fixtures Select include asset under inventory data check box Select no.AUC or Summary Management of AUC Save Select next entry button (F8) Asset class Description Short text Screen layout rule Number rage :AML4000 : Capital Work in Progress -General : Capital Work in Progress -General :AML6 :06 Account determination :select AML40000 CWIP-General Select include asset under inventory data check box Select line item settlement radio button Save Select include asset under inventory data check box: 127 .Asset class Description Short text Screen layout rule Number rage :03 :AML2000 : Dept A : Dept A :AML3 Account determination :select AML20000 P & M Select include asset under inventory data check box Select no.AUC or Summary Management of AUC Save Select next entry button (F8) Asset class Description Short text Screen layout rule Number rage :AML3100 : Vehicles and others : Vehicles and others :AML5 :05 Account determination :select AML31000 Vehicles and others Select include asset under inventory data check box Select no.

Inventory means fixed inventory, whatever assets we create they will be included in fixed assets inventory. As per companies auditors report order (CARO) – the auditor will state whether fixed assets have been physically verified by management or not. Incase of big companies  physical verification in a phased manner When we create an asset master – There is a field called last verification date Asset nos Last verification date 1 31.03.2008 2 31.03.2007 3 31.03.2008 4 31.03.2008 5 31.03.2007 In the report we give the report date – From 01.04.2007 to 31.03.2008 we get the list of asset verified during the year 1 2 3 4 31.03.2008 31.03.2008 31.03.2008 31.03.2008

We have not selected for capital work in progress We can not verify every that assets –once they are commissioned they will be shown under respective head and not under capital work in progress For capital work progress general –Select line item settlement radio button Machinery 01/11/2008 Fright AMT 15/11/2008 Settle from Capital Work In Progress to machine no.10 line item wise Commissioning charges 22/11/2008 Determine areas in the asset class Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Asset accounting-Valuation –Determine depreciation areas in the asset class (Tr.Code is OAYZ) Give the chat of depreciation Enter Select position button Asset class :AML1000 (Free hold land) Enter Select AML1000 (Free hold land) Double click depreciation areas folder Deselect deactivation check box for area 01 Book depreciation Layout :Select 2000 depreciation on asset sub-no level For area 01 layout 2000 For area 02 layout 2000 For area 30 layout 2000 Save :AML Debit to CWIP Asset commissioned on 22.11.2008 as machine no.10

128

Press enter to save in your request Select back arrow The same procedure the followed for asset class AML1100 AML2000 AML3000 AML3100 AML4000 Factory building Dept A Furniture & Fixtures Vehicles & other Capital work in progress

Deselect deactivation check box for area 01 for land there is no depreciation In asset master creation-Capitalization date –required Land purchase details registration date Depreciation key(Rate) 0%

For area 01- Select 2000 – Depreciation on asset sub number level Machine 10 Motor Asset no. 1 1 Sub.no. 0 1 10/08/2005 22/11/2008

Creation of 15 General ledger master FS00 S.N o. 1 GL Account No. 200000 Land Account No.to copy 200110 Sundry debtors Parameters to Maintain -Account group – Fixed assets -200000-20009 -Change the account group Fixed Assets -Sort key -018 Asset number Reconciliation A/c for account type –Asset -Field status group 067 Reconciliation accounts. -Do -Do -Do -Do -Do -DoAccount group-Accumulate depreciation -100200-100299 -Sort key -018 Asset number -Reconciliation A/c for account type –Assets -Field Status group- 067 Reconciliation accounts -Do -Do-Do-

2 3. 4. 5. 6.

200005 Buildings 200010 Plant & Machinery 200015 Furniture & Fixtures 200020 Vehicles 200025 Capital work in progress 100200 Accumulate depreciationBuilding

200000 Land -Do-Do-Do-Do-

7

8 9. 10

100205 Accumulated depreciation – Plant & Machinery 100210 Accumulated depreciation – Furniture & Fixtures 100215 Accumulated depreciation –Vehicles

100200 Depreciation -Buildings -Do-Do-

129

11.

300102 Assets sales

300100 Exchange gain -Do-

12

300103 Profit on asset sale

13 14 15

400302 Loss on asset sale 400303 Loss due to scrapping 400500 Depreciation

-Do-Do-

Account group –other income 300100-300199 Sort key -018 Asset number Field status group G052 -Account group other Income -300100-300199 -Sort key 018 Asset number -Field status group -G001 -Do-DoChange the Account group Depreciation 400500-400599 Sort key -018 Asset number Filed status group-G001

Assignment of accounts for automatic postings: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Asset accounting-Integration with the general ledger-Assign GL accounts. Give the your Chat of Depreciation Enter The Transaction code is AO90 Select chant of accounts Double click on account determination folder Select account determination Double click on Balance sheet accounts folder Acquisition column :Acquisition and production costs Give the A/c No.:200000 Land Loss made on asset retirement w/o revenue.(w/o revenue mean scrap) Give the account no.400303 loss to scraping Clearing account revenue from asset sale Gain from asset sale Loss from asset sales Press enter Select save button Ignore the warning message press enter Press enter to save in your request Double click on account determination folder Select account determination Double click on Balance Sheet accounts folder Acquisition column acquisition and production cost a/c no.200005 Loss made on asset retirement w/o revenue Clearing account revenue from asset sale Gain from asset sale Loss from asset sale Save :400303 :300102 :300103 :400302 :AML11000 Buildings :300102 :300103 :400302 :AML10000 Land :AML

:AML

130

Ignore the message press enter Double click on depreciation folder Accumulated depreciation for ordinary depreciation 100200 accumulated depreciation buildings Expense account for ordinary depreciation 400500 Depreciation account Save Ignore the message press enter Double click on account determination folder Select account determination Double click on Balance Sheet accounts folder Acquisition column acquisition and production cost Give the GL account no.:200010 Loss made on asset retirement (without) w/o revenue 400303 Clearing account revenue from asset sales Gain from asset sale Loss from asset sale Select save button or Ctrl+S Double click on depreciation folder Accumulated depreciation account for ordinary depreciation a/c no.100205 Expense account for ordinary deprecation Save Ignore the message press enter Double click on account determination folder Select account determination Double click on balance sheet account folder Acquisition :Acquisition and production costs 200015 (Furniture & Fixtures a/c) Loss made on asset retirement w/o revenue Clearing account revenue from asset sale Gain from asset sale Loss from asset sale save Ignore the message press enter Double click on depreciation folder Accumulated depreciation account for ordinary depreciation 100210 Expense for ordinary deprecation Save Ignore the message press enter Double click on account determination folder Select account determination Double click on Balance Sheet accounts folder Acquisition: Acquisition production costs Loss made on asset retirement w/o revenue Clearing account revenue from asset sale Gain from asset sale :200020 :400303 :300102 :300103 :AML 31000 vehicles :400500 :400303 :300102 : 300103 :400302 :AML30000 Furniture & Fixtures :400500 :300102 :300103 :400302 :AML 20000 P & M 131 .

132 .Loss from asset sale Save Ignore the message press enter Double click on depreciation folder Accumulate depreciation for ordinary depreciation Expenses account for ordinary depreciation Save Ignore the message press enter Double click on account determination folder Select account determination Double click on Balance Sheet accounts folder Acquisition :Acquisition and production cost Loss made on asset retirement w/o revenue Clearing accounts revenue from asset sale Gain from asset sale Loss from asset sale Select save button or Ctrl+S Ignore the message press enter Specify document type for posting of deprecation: :400302 :100215 :400500 :AML40000 Capital Work In progress :200025 :400303 :300102 :300103 :400302 Up to integration with general ledger the path is same –Post-Deprecation to the GL –Specify Document type for posting deprecation-Double click on define document type (Tr code is OBA7) Select type AF Deprecation postings Select details button Note the number range 04 Select number range information button Give the company code :AML Select change intervals button Select intervals button Number range Year From no. To no. we have to give what should be the document number at the time of posting. Select external check box Enter and save Ignore the warning message press enter  As per SAP documentation :  From ECC5 onwards  Up to 4. There is an exception –for deprecation postings also we have to select external check box In normal postings we are posting are document at a time.7 EE :04 :2008 :700001 :800000 Not to select external check box Select external check box When we select external check box.

Incase of deprecation / when we run depreciation number of documents will be generated at a time based on account determination 04-2008 -700001 -800000 Select external check box AML 10000 Land AML11000 Buildings Depreciation account AML20000 Plant & Machinery Assessment for AML30000 Furniture & Fixtures Account determination AML31000 Vehicles AML40000 Capital work in Progress When we run depreciation 4 documents will be generated automatically every month. Dep-Plant & Machinery 700003 Depreciation DR To Acc Dep Furniture & Fixtures 700004 Depreciation DR To Acc Dep -Vehicles Specify intervals and posting rules: Same path (next step) (Tr code is OAYR) Select company code AML Double click on posting rules folder Select monthly posting radio button Save Press enter to save in your request Specify rounding for net book value and /or deprecation: Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Asset accounting-Valuation –Amount specifications (company code/Deprecation area) –Specify rounding of net book value and /or deprecation Ignore the message press enter Select company code Select area 01 book deprecation Select details button Select automatically calculated depreciation check box Select arithmetic rounding radio button Save Press enter to save in your request Define screen layout for asset master data: :AML Double click on rounding specifications folder 133 . 700001 Depreciation DR To Acc Dep Buildings 700002 Depreciation DR To Acc.

check box Select sub-no.check box Save Select back arrow two times The same procedure is to the followed for layout AML 2 Buildings AML 3 Plant & Machinery AML10 Furniture & Fixtures AML5 Vehicles AML6 Capital Work in Progress Define screen layout for asset deprecation areas: Same path (Tr code is AO21) Select screen layout 2000 deprecation on asset sub no.Path :SPRO-Financial accounting-Asset accounting-Master data-Screen layout-Define screen layout for asset master data Double click on define screen layout for asset master data Select layout :AML1 Land Double click on logical fields groups folder Select 2 posting information Double click on field group rules folder Capitalization data make it required entry field Select main number check box Select sub-no check box Select copy check box We have created AML1 by copying layout 1000 Afterwards we create XYZ layout by copying AML1 what ever fields we have chosen for AML1 should be copied XYZ Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request Select back arrow Select 3 time dependent date Double click on filed group rules folder Business area make it required entry field Select main no. 2. 3. 4.level Double click on field groups folder Depreciation keys make it required entry filed Select main no.check box Select copy check box Save Deprecation keys creation (Rate+ Methods) 1. 5. Define base methods Define declining balance method Define period control methods Define period control methods Maintain deprecation key 134 .check box. sub no.

First steps will be assigned in 5th step and 5th step will be assigned in Asset master. Define declining balance methods Same path Give the Char of Depreciation AML Enter Note down decimal balance 001 002 Decimal factor 2 Max percentage 20 Beginning years :Wear and tear will be less Acquisition value 100000 Rate of depreciation 5% First year 5 Second year 5 Third year 5 Fourth year 5 --20 First 4 years :100000*5% *98% (2% discount as per companies act) 5th year onwards :100000*5% Define multi level methods: (Tr code is AFAMS) same path select new entries button multilevel method Description Validity star Save Press enter to save in your request Double click on levels folder Select new entries button Acquisition year Year Periods Base value Percentage Save :12 :Select 01 Acquisition value :5 :9999 :999 :A :5% SLM :Select from ordinary deprecation on star date Acquisition year :9999 135 . 1. Define base methods: Path :SPRO –Financial accounting-Asset accounting-Depreciation –Valuation methods –Depreciation keyCalculation methods –Define base methods Base method :0014 Ordinary :Explicit percentage (after end of life) A) Ordinary deprecation B) Explicit percentage –creation percentages rate given in Companies Act Schedule XIV C) After end of line –If the next box value becomes zero no depreciation should be calculated.

Base value 01 Acquisition value in case of SLM 24 Net book value incase of WDV 5. Years 999 A) 5% SLM rate 20 years (100/5) B) 5% WDV rate ? C) 1% SLM rate 100 years (100/1) D) 1% WDV rate ? 999 max no. When we give 9999 purchase can be in the year 2. First 5 years Next 5 years Next 5 years 5% 10% 15% 3. Percent 5 rate of depreciation 6. In some countries. Remine life Percentage method India Useful life method Machine no.1-In year 2003 Useful life :20 Years Going for SAP in 2008 Select rem life Asset master -15 Years Select acquisition year 9999 Double click on Multi level method folder Select next entry button Multilevel method A2 Description :5% WDV Validity star :From ordinary depreciation star date Save Select acquisition year 9999 Double click on levels folder Select new entries button Acquisition year :9999 Year :999 Periods :12 Base value :Select 24 net book value Percent :5 Save Maintain period control methods: Same path Give the Chart of deprecation :AML Enter 136 .This rate is applicable for the assets purchased in the year 2008 –Next year also we are purchasing an asset having 5% rate-we have to create acquisition year once again in the next year. of year In base method –once the net book value becomes zero –Do’t calculate depreciation .We have given say any year 2008. Reduction 1 Acquisition vale 100000 1% Scrap value 1000 -----99000 Dep 5% only on 99000 7. Periods 12 months 4.

to the day check box Save Ignore the warning message press enter Press enter to save in your request Double click on assignment of calculation methods folder Select new entries button Depreciation type Phase Base method Period control method Multilevel method Class Save Select back arrow 4 times Select depreciation key :AML1 Select activate button Save Select new entries button Depreciation key Depreciation :AML2 :5% written Down Value Deprecation method :Select ordinary deprecation :Select from the start of depreciation :0014 :001 :A1 :Select straight line depreciation :006 Declare balance method Period control according to Fiscal year check box Select depreciation to the day check box Save Ignore the warning message press enter Double click assignment of calculation methods folder 137 .method Select period control according to fiscal year check box Select dep.Select new entries button Period method Description Acquisition year Add year Retirement year Transfer year :01 :006 :AML period control method :Select 01 pro rate at period start date :Select 01 :01 (Retirement mean sale) Press enter to save in your request Maintain deprecation key: Same path Tr code is AFAMA Select new entries button Depreciation key Description :AML1 :5% Straight line dep.

Select new entries button Depreciation type Phase Base method :Select ordinary depreciation :Select from the start of depreciation :0014 Declare balance method:001 Period control method :006 Multilevel method Class Save Select back arrow four times Select depreciation key AML2 Select activate button Save Select first page control page up button Select depreciation key :0000(no depreciation no interest ) Select activate button Save FI END USER AREA: Create of main asset master: Path :Accounting-Financial accounting-Fixed assets-Asset –Crete –Asset (The Transaction code is AS01) Asset class Company code Enter Give the description Capitalized on Business area Depreciation key Useful life Period :Machine no.1 :18.04. 01/05/2008) :AML :Select AML2000 Department A :A2 :Select declining –balance depreciation Select time dependent tab Select depreciation area tab Ordinary depreciation start date :18. sum countries is next month first day save Creation of sub asset master Path :Up to fixed assets the path is same-Asset-Create-Sub number –Asset(The transaction code is AS11) Asset Company code :AML Enter :200001 138 .2008 Note: Commissioning date –Indian system.04.2008 :AMLH :Select AML1 :15 years :6 months Eg.

2008 Select time dependent tab Select deprecation area tab Change the depreciation key AML2 Useful life Period Save Main asset purchase posting: Path :Accounting-Financial accounting-Fixed asset –Posting-Acquisition-External acquisition -With vendor (Transaction code is F-90) Give the document date and posting date Type Company code Posting key Account Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Text Posing key Account Transaction type Enter 1st Rule: Sub asset master with reference to main asset master 200001-1 with reference to 200001 2nd Rule Main asset with reference to asset also 200001 with reference to AML2000 Dept A 3rd Rule Account determination is specified in asset class AML200000 Plant & Machinery specified in AML2000 Dept A 4th Rule For account determination we assign accounts based on the nature of transaction For AML2000-Incase of acquisition-2000010 Plant & Machinery Amount enter :* Text :+ From the menu select document Simulate and save Sub asset purchase posting (F-90) Give the document date :Today’s date :AMLH :Machinery purchase posting :70 Debit asset :Select 200001 -0 Machine no.2008 :KR (Vendor invoice) :01 :15 years Ordinary depreciation:29.2008 139 .11.Description :Motor Capitalized on :29.11. :Select 100 External asset acquisition :500000 :AML :31 Vendor credit :4200001 :18.04.

Type Company code Posting key Account no. Enter Select planned values tab Change the fiscal year to 2009 Enter Select display depreciation calculation button 2nd Report Report to view for all assets for particular period Path :Accounting-Financial accounting –Fixed assets –Information system –Reports on asset accounting – Asset balances –Balance lists –Once again asset balances –By business area (Tr code is S_ALR_87011965 Press all selections button (Shift +F7) :1 :AML :200001 :0 :2008 140 . Sub No. Fiscal year Enter Select Display depreciation calculation button Select period information button Select back arrow Select compression tab Change the asset to 200001 Sub no. YEAR WISE VALUES Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Fixed assets –Asset –Asset explorer (Tr code is AWO1N) Give the company code Asset no. Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account Transaction type Enter (Applicable 1st rule) Amount Text :AMLH :AML :KR :31 :4200001 :100000 :Motor purchase posting :70 :200001-1 that motor :100 :* :+ From the menu select document –Simulate and save REPORT TO VIEW SUB ASSET WISE.

Give the company code :AML Report date Execute Double click on Dept A Double click on Machine no.00 Save To post immediately select immediate button Save Note down get a message background job was scheduled for program RA POST 2000 To check whether the job or not from the menu select System –Jobs-Job overview-Services –select execute button To view the document posted: (Tr code is FB03) Select document list button Give the company code :AML Document type :AF Execute Double click on document no.2008 Depreciation run: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Fixed assets -period processing –depreciation run –Execute (Tr code is AFAB) Give the company code Fiscal year Posting period Select test run check box (Note :If you run in middle of year select unplanned posting run radio button) Execute Ignore the warning message press enter Select error list button (F7) (Right side corner) Select back arrow Deselect text run check box From the menu select program Execute in back ground Enter Select continue button To schedule in the rights select date /time button Give the schedule start date :01.04.1 Select back arrow 3 times Change the report date to 30.2008 Time :Give HR 23.2008 Execute Double click on Dept A :31. Use the Tr code is AFAB :1 Select planned posting run radio button :AML :2008 141 .12.12.

2 25.at at time. Posting period 8 Select unplanned posting run Depreciation will be posted from May to no.2008 Profit on asset sale 500000 890 --------499110 501000 ---------1890 1to check fields status for field status group G052 use the Tr code is OBC4 Select field status variant :AML Double click on filed status groups folder Double click on field status group G052 Accounts for fixed assets retirement Double click on Asset accounting Asset retirement make it required entry field Save 142 .04.05. Asset sales : 200001-0 Machine no. Unplanned posting run: Posting run not as per plan. At a time. select planned posting run radio button posting as per plan (earlier we have selected monthly posting) For 200001-0 from 1st May 2008 to 31st May 2008 For 200002-0 for 25th April 2008 to 31st May 2008 Report run: Before run for May Posting period Select report run System checks which assets are commissioned in April and not posted depreciation. We have run for April We want to run May to November Dep.1 Acquisition value Acquisition depreciation Net book value 30. 200002-0 from 25th April 2008 to 30th April 2008 Once it is completed Posting period 2 Select planned posting run 200001-0 From 1st May 2008 to 31st May 2008 200002-0 from 1st May 2008 to 31st May 2008 Repeat run is possible only after planned posting run We have run depreciation up to October 2008 -now we have commissioned an asset with April date repeat run is possible only for last planned posting run-In this example only for October.Company code :AML Fiscal year :2008 Before Dep run for May 2008 and after Dep run for April 2008 we have commissioned an asset with back date 200002-0 Machine no.2008 Asset sales on 01.04.2008 Posted period 2 1. Restart Rare cases –server is down during processing time system gives message restart.

05.Press enter to save in your request ASSET SALE Path :Accounting –financial Accounting –Fixed assets –Posting –Retirement –Retirement with revenue –with customer (F-92) Give the document date & Posting date :01.2008 Select complete retirement check box Enter Contra 01 70 40 75 50 01 50 Customer Account Dep P & M 200001-0 Asset Sale Plant & Machinery 2000001-0 Profit on asset sale Customer P&M 501000 890 501000 500000 1890 501000 501000 We get a message correct the marked line item.2008 501000 1500 Sale 2000001-0 Machine Acquisition value 500000 Acc Dep up to 19. Enter Amount Business area Text Select asset retirement check box From the menu select document –Simulate Enter Asset no. Enter Ignore the message press enter Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.05.05.05.2008 Type Company code Posting key Account no.2008 1500 143 . Sub number Transaction type :200001 :0 :210 comes by default (210 stand for retirement with revenue) :AMLH :+ :* :AMLH :Asses sale :50 :300102 Asset sale :501000 :AML :01 :6600001 :DR Give the asset value (Capitalization date):01. Double click on blue font line item Select display document overview button Asset sale on 01 Customer 70 Acc Dept P & M 20.

05.05.1 :AML2000 Dept A Document date :01. Posting date Asset value date Text Give the description Asset class Select master data button Give the business area :AMLB Select additional data button Give the capitalized on 01.05.2008 :AML Select new asset radio button Ordinary depreciation date :01.05.05.2008 Select depreciation area tab Give the depreciation key Useful life Period Select back arrow Enter :AML1 :20 years :5 months 200001 Sub No.05.2008 to BGL To transfer acquisition value To transfer accumulated depreciation from the date of receipt (From 01/08) depreciation will be calculated in Bangalore unit 1st Method Two step procedure A) Creation of asset master in BGL (AS01) B) Transfer values 2d Method one step procedure Creation of asset master and transfer values Path: Accounting –Financial accounting –Fixed assets –Posting –Transfer –Transfer with in company code (ABUMN) Give your company code Ente Give the asset no.2008 :Asset Transfer :Machine no.05.2000001-0 Net book value 19.2008 144 .2008 40 Asset sale 501000 50 Asset sale 501000 75 Plant & Machinery 500000 2000001-0 50 Profit on asset sale 2500 Depreciation A/c 3014 890 DR 2015 3115 610 DR (Dep up to 19/05/2008) ASSET TRANSFER Asset sale on 20.0 | |  Today’s date | :01.2008 CONTRA profit on asset sale 501000 ---------4985000 ---------25000 Accumulated Depreciation account 1500 3014 890 3115 610 When we transfer an asset from one unit to another unit with the company code –we have to transfer at cost HYD BGL 200001-0 Capitalization date 20/04/2008 To transfer asset on 01.05.2008 :01.

01.30 Company code :AML1 Fiscal year Enter 1) When we want to transfer no.2008 This can’t be sold transferred /used we can scrap the asset Scrap asset on 01. Asset scrapping 200000-1 Motor in Hyderabad unit 29.11.2008 The net book value will be charged to P & L Account Impairment of assets (AS28) If the expected relation of the asset is less than net book value and future cash flows are negative.01.01.200001 Sub No.Select save button or Ctrl+S Go and see the document FB03 Give the document no.2009 It calculates depreciation up to 31.2008 Debit to CWIP Machine No.2008 :2008 145 .5 on 31.Asset retirement by scrapping (Tr code ABAVN) Give the asset no.2008 (Tr code is S_ALR_87011965) Press all selections button Give the company code :AML Business area Report date Select execute button Double click on Dept A Asset Scrapping: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Fixed Assets –Posting –Retirement.1 Document date :01.2009 Asset value date :01.11.11.12.2008 Asset commissioned as machine no.12.2009 Posting date :01.11. To check motor value as on 31.2008 :AMLH :31.12. we have to impair the asset for the difference. :31 Company code :AML Fiscal year :2008 Enter Capital work in progress line item settlement Machinery 01.2008 We settle from CWIP to respective asset Commissioning charges end This is linked with CO this will be covered in the 30.12.01.2009 Text :Asset scrapping Save Go and see the document (FB03) Document no.5 Freight charges 05. of assets at a time go for two step procedure 2) When the asset has to be created in the receiving unit as a sub asset goes for two step procedure.

11. :30.2008.REPORTS: Step 1.11.2008 From the menu select go to variant --Save as variant 146 . How to attach the report to folder ? Keep the cursor on FI reports folder from the menu select Favorites –Insert truncation tr code is (S_ALR_87011965) Double click on asset balances report Step 3.How to create a folder? Keep the cursor and favorites from the menu select Favorites –Insert folder Give the folder name FI reports Enter Step 2. How to attach the report on desktop? Go to report –Asset balances on right top select generates a short cut button System description :ECC6 Enter Select OK button Close SAP Icon desktop Double click on asset balances Icon Give the password :oracle (SAP password) Step 4: How to create variant? Go to asset balances report Give the company code :AML Report date Give the variant name :AML Date Save Now close SAP Double click on asset balances Icon on desktop Give the password Enter Select get variant button (Select asset balances S_ALR_87011965) Execute Select Chart of Accounts List :AML :oracle :30.

Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –General ledger –Information system –General ledger reports – Master data –Chart of account.xls Select generate button LEDGER: Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –General ledger –Periodic processing closing –Document – Balances audit trail –All accounts -General ledger from the document file (Tr code is S_ALR_87100205) Give the company code Execute :AML :Korea :South Korea :AML Give the company code :AML (Select menu bar –Settings-Layout –Current button ) or Select current layout button(Ctrl+F8) Keep the fields document no. Posting date From the hidden fields column Select text fields Select left arrow Select debit amount in local currency Select left arrow 147 .Chart of account (S_ALR_87012326) Give your chart of accounts Execute TRAIL BALANCE Path: Up to general ledger report the path is same -Account balances –Korea-Trail Balance (Tr code is (S_ALR_87012310) Country Trail balance Execute Ignore the warning message press enter Select current layout button Keep the fields GL account GL account long text Closing balances Enter To down lead to excel from the menu select list export –spread sheet Enter List –>Export local file Select spread sheet radio button Enter See directory file name :AML.

Select call up document over view button VENDORS LIST Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Accounts payable –Information system -Reports for accounts payable accounting –Mater data –Vendor list (Tr code is S_ALR_87012086) Give the company code :AML Select address and telecom check box Execute Vendor wise patches Path :Up to report for account payable accounting the path is same -Vendor balances vendor business (S_ALR_87012093) Give the company code Execute Each vendor wise Out standing lit of vendors: Path :up to reports for accounts payable accounting the path is same Vendor Items.Select credit amount in local currency Select cumulative balances Select left arrow Select total check box for debit amount in local currency.List of Vendors Open item for printing (S_ALR_87012083) Give the company code Execute Age wise analysis of vendors: Path :Up to vendors column item the path is same -Vendor payment history with open item sorted list (S_ALR_87012085) Give the company code Summarization level Execute Vendor advances report Path :Up to vendors column items the path is same –List of Down payments open on key date vendors (S_ALR_87012105) Give the company code Execute Vendor ledger: :AML :AML :0 :AML :AML Select days overdue squirted list check box 148 . Credit amount in local currency Select copy button To go the document level Double click an amount no.

2009 DATA TAKEOVER Master uploading Balance uploading Master uploading: GS Master Vendor masters Customer masters Asset masters Material master :MM01 :FS00 :XK01 :XD01 :AS01 Create an excel file  conversion to text file  Up loading to SAP Legacy System Migration Work bench (LSMW) Batch data Communication (BDC) Computer aided testing tool (CATT) ABAP :They teach all 3 methods LSMW:Job of functional consultant Open an excel file and note down for which fields values are to be uploaded 149 .2011 (Give the any month end date) Fixed assets schedule as per schedule VI of Companies Act Path :Information system –Accounting –Financial accounting –Fixed assets -Asset history sheet (Tr code is AR02) Give the company code :AML Report date Select group totals only radio button Execute Select assets button Double click on asset retirements :31.03.Path :Open and cleared up to vendors: Item the path is same –List of vendor line item (S_ALR_87012103) Give the company code :AML Execute Depreciation fore cost Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Fixed Assets –Information system -Reports are asset accounting –Depreciation fore cost-Depreciation on Capitalized Assets (Depreciation simulation) (S_ALR_87012936) Give the company code :AML Report date Execute :31.03.

Inventory – Stores Sales Trading Wages account Only Balance in local currenc y X Line item displa y X Sor t key 001 Field status group G001 200125 300005 400101 AML AML AML CAST SALE PRSN X X X INR INR INR X X X X X X 001 001 001 G001 G001 G001 Delete above column headings Delete other sheets (like sheet 2 . Inventory –Stores Sales trading Wages account PREF Share Cap. Open an excel file and not down technical name of each filed technical name shall be noted down as per step one order Open an excel file Component Open SAP FS00 Give the GL No.100000 Equity share capital Company code :AML Enter Keep the cursor on GL A/c press F1 Select technical information button Double click field name SAKNR Copy component SAKNR in excel 1 component column Data type :C Data type length :select Text (tab delimited) :AML Text 150 .GL Accoun t no. 100001 Comp any code AML Accou nt Group SCPL P& L State ment A/c Balanc e Sheet A/c X Short Text Long Text Acco unt curre ncy INR PREF – Share cap. sheet 3) Select complete sheet Press right mouse button Select format cells Select number  Category  Text Select ok button From the menu select file save as Save type File name Select save button Select no button Select cancel button From the menu select file  close Select no button 2.

Length :10 Copy component BUKRS that is company code in excel component column Data type Length :4 :C Select back arrow in SAP Keep the cursor on account group Press F1 Select technical information button Double click on filed name KTOKS Copy component KTOKS that is account group in excel component column Data type Length Data type Length Data type Length Data type Length Data type Length :50 Select back arrow Select control data tab Keep the cursor on account currency press F1 Select technical information button Double click on filed name WAERS Copy component WAERS that is account currency in excel component column Data type Length Data type Length Data type Length :1 :1 :copy component XKRES that is line item display in excel component column :C Line item display :5 :C :C :20 :C :1 :C :1 :C :C :4 :C Copy component XPLACCT That is P & L statement account in excel component column Copy component XBILK that is I Balance Sheet A/c in excel component column Copy TXT20-ML That is GL A/c short text in excel component column Copy component TXT50_ML That is GL long text in excel component column Copy XSALH that is only balance in local currency in excel component column Sort key: copy component ZUAWA that is sort key in excel component column Data type :C Length :3 Copy component FSTAG that is field status group in excel component 151 .

file AML Up loading of master in SAP (Tr code is LSMW) Note: LSMW used for create No.Data type :C Length :4 Save the file an ex file. Ignore the message press enter Project Subproject Object Description Enter Sub project description FI Area Enter Object name Enter Select continue button (F8) Select double click Display click change button (Shift +F7) Select execute button Select batch in put recording radio button From the menu select Goto recording  Overview Select create recording button (Ctrl +F1) Give the recording name Description Enter FS00 Give the GL Account Company code :AML :100305 :AMLGL :GL Master uploading :GL master up loading :AML :FI :GLMaster :AML Project Select create entry button From the menu select GL Account create Account group select secured loans Select balance sheet account radio button Short text and GL account long text :IDBI rupee term loan Select control data tab Select only balances in local currency check box Select line display check box Sort key Select create 1 bank /Interest tab Field status group Save Keep the cursor on FS00 :G005 Bank Accounts :001 Posting date 152 . of GL accounts at a time.

Select default all button Save Select back arrow two times Give the recording name Enter and save Select back arrow Execute Select create a structure button Source structure Description Enter and save Select back arrow Execute Keep the cursor on AMLSTR Select table maintain button Copy from AML excel component column in SAP field name column Copy from excel AML excel data type column in SAP type column Copy AML excel length column in SAP length column Verify the copies data some data not copied copy to next page Save Select back arrow Select back arrow once again Select save button or Ctrl+S Execute Select back arrow Execute Kept the cursor on AMLGL Save Back arrow Execute From the menu select –Extras-Auto field mapping Press enter Go on select accept proposal button (Press Accept proposal button many times) Till we get the message Auto field mapping completed Enter and save Select back arrow :AMLSTR :AML GL Structure :AMLGL 153 .

Company code :AML Enter (Note: check it uploaded GL Accounts 100001.400101) :AML text :GL Master uploading Select tabulator radio button 154 .300005. transactions user defined routines Select specify files radio button Execute Keep the cursor on the PC (Fronted) Select add entry button Select file Name Enter & Save Select back arrow Execute Save Select back arrow Execute Execute once again Select back arrow two times Skip display read data Select convert data radio button Execute Execute once again Select back arrow two times SKIP Display converted data Select create batch input folder session Execute Execute once again We get a message /batch input folder With 4 transactions created Ignore the message press enter Execute Select session name GL master Select process button Select display errors only button Select process button We get a message processing of batch input session completed Select exit batch input button To view accounts created (Tr code is FS00) Selected drop down button for GL A/c No. 200125.Skip maintain fixed values.

03. In normal accounting all vendors. rate and amount and raw material consumption is actually calculated figure. 3) Incase of Assets.We have account wise acquisition value and accumulated depreciation where as in SAP for Fixed Assets. 2) Incase of Vendors /Customers we have to prepare a statement showing only open items which should match with trail balance figure. In normal accounting –for vendors/ customers –Purchases /Sales transactions and advances will be entered in one account where as in SAP we have normal items and special GL Item. Company going live in SAP from 1st April 2008 on wards. In normal accounting depreciation in a provisional figure where as in SAP it is actually calculated figure. 6.2008 in SAP don’t enter all the transactions – Reasons: 1. 3. Assets are part of General Ledger where as in SAP we have sub ledger concept. 5. . Procedure 1) We should enter day to day date in SAP production client till balances are up loaded and tallied. 4.Take Balance Sheet account balances as on 31.BALANCES UP LOADING Company going live in SAP from 1st December 2008 unloads – take balances as on 30th November 2008 and enter in SAP – P & L Account balances as well as Balance Sheet Account balances. In normal accounting for Fixed Assets. Opening stock +Purchases –Closing stock whereas in SAP we maintain each material wise quantity. prepare a statement showing each asset wise acquisition value and accumulated depreciation which should match with trail balance figure. In normal accounting we will not pass production entries and delivery entries where as in SAP. we have each sub asset wise acquisition value and accumulated depreciation. 155 . system pass production entries and delivery entries with production cost. Customers. 2. In normal accounting raw material consumption is a derived figure.

5) We have to create 5 dummy accounts under any account group.40 Party X Inventory RM Cash account RM Consumption 300000 400000 500000 200000 100000 150000 350000 --------1300000 ======= 1. ======= Credit 500000 100000 1.4) Incase of materials.40 Sales P & M –Machine no.330000 Cr Advance 20000Dr 100000 Cr B) Entry for Vendors (f-43) 156 . To take GL debit side items (F-02) Asset clearing Dr 500000 Customer Dr 200000 Stock taking Dr 100000 Cash account Dr 150000 Raw material consumption Dr 350000 To GL Clearing 1300000 3.250000 Cr Bill no. 5. GL clearing A/c Vendor clearing A/c Customer clearing A/c Asset clearing A/c Stock taking A/c ---------1300000. 4. To take GL Credit side items:Tr code F-02) GL clearing A/c Dr To Equity share capital a/c To Vendor clearing a/c To Asset clearing a/c To Sales a/c 1300000 500000 100000 300000 400000 2. Then our date takeover is correct Trail Balance (For opening balances) Debit Equity share capital Party A/c Accumulated Dep. P & M Machine no. 2. Quantity . Party A Bill no.1400000 Cr Bill no. prepare as a statement showing Material wise. A) GL Clearing B) Vendor clearing C) Customer clearing D) Asset clearing E) Stock taking F) 6) After uploading balances. if the above 5 clearing accounts become zero. A) Prepare a statement showing each vendor wise bill wise open item and advances which showed match with trail balance . 3. Rate and Amount which should match with Trail Balance figure.

3 45000 30000 Sundry creditors 4 (A) Prepare a statement showing each customer wise bill wise open items and advances which should match with trail balances Bill no.Bill no.Vendor clearing Dr 115000 Party A (SPLGLA) Dr 200000  advances to vendor To party A-BIL1 No.2008 Save 5 (C ) To take over acquisition value and accumulated depreciation for asset 2000004-0 It will not updated our GL Accounts since account for account type –Assets.2 500000 } To party A-Bill No.2 Advance 4 (B) Party X 50000 Dr 1800000 Dr 30000 Cr 200000 Cr Customer balances F-22 Party X.2Dr 180000 Sundry debtors To party X (SPL GLA) 300000 Advances from customer To Customer clearing 200000 Advance from customer To make fixed assets P & M GL account and accumulated depreciation plant & Machinery GL Account as non-reconciliation accounts and pass. F-02 300000 200000 5(A) 40 Plant & Machinery 500000 50 Accumulated Depreciation P & M 50 Asset clearing Non-reconciliation means in FS00 For Plant & Machinery GL A/c and accumulated depreciation P & M GL A/c Reconciliation a/c type –Assets remove 5 (B) Creation of asset masters: | | AS01 LSMW Use the Tr code is AS01 Asset class :AML2000 Dept A Company code :AML Description :Machine no. Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Asset Accounting –Asset data transfer –manual online transfer – Create/Change /Display legacy asset (The Tr code is AS92) Double click on change legacy asset Give the asset no.04.1 Bill No.40 Give the capitalized date :20.1 400000 } Sundry creditors To party A-BIL1No.1 Dr 50000 Sundry debtors Party X-Bill no.2006 Select time dependent tab Business area :AMLH Select depreciation areas tab Depreciation key :AML1 Use life :15 years Period 4 months Ordinary deprecation date :01. :200004 Sub number :0 Company code :AML Select takeover values button Ignore the warning message press enter 157 .06.

Material RM1 RM2 RM3 Qty 2000 7000 2500 Rate 20 5 10 Amount 40000 35000 25000 --------100000 ====== 6 (B) Creation of material masters (Transaction code MM01) –and in accounting view –For moving average price RM1 RM2 RM3 20 5 10 Use the transaction code MB1C Movement type :561 RM1 RM2 RM3 Save Qty 2000 Kgs 7000 Kgs 25000 Kgs Accounting entry will be generated automatically Inventory RM Dr 1000000 BSX To stock taking 1000000 GBB BSA Closing procedure In the year end what steps we have to do April 2008 –March 2008 fiscal year 2008 In last week of March 2009 1.07) Give the company code :AML Carry forwarded fiscal year Select . Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Asset accounting –Preparing for production start up-Production start up-Set or reset reconciliation accounts (Tr code is OAMK) Select company code :AML Double click on change control of reconciliation account folder From the menu select Edit –selections –select all Select set reconciliation indicators for all accounts button Save Press enter to save in your request 6 (A) To propose a statement showing each material –match with trail balance. D) To make fixed assets P & M A/c and accumulated depreciation P & M account as reconciliation accounts. Path Accounting –Financial accounting-Accounts payable –Periodic processing –Closing –Balance carry forwarded ( Tr code is F. select customer check box Select .Cumulated acquisition value :500000 Accumulate ordinary deprecation :30000 No book values :200000 Save 5. select vendors check box Deselect detail log check box :2009 158 . To carry forward Vendor and Customer balances to next year.

check box Select display content button To close only year for asset a accounting we have to post depreciation for all assets and for all months C) To open fiscal year 2009 for asset accounting Path :Up to period processing the path is same –Fiscal year change (Tr code is AJRW) Give the company code New fiscal year Deselect test run check box From the menu select program execute in back ground Enter :AML :2009 :AML :AML 159 .Execute Ignore the warning message press enter One time exercise for each year 2.Execute in back ground Enter Select immediately button Select save button (down side) We get a message Back ground job was scheduled for program RAJABS00 To check whether the job is processed or not From the menu select System –Services-Jobs –Job overview Select execute button To view result of the job Select job RAJABS00 check box Select spool button Select spool no . To carry forwarded asset balances We can open 2 years at a time 2007 2008 To open 2009 we have to close 2007 A) To check which year is closed for asset accounting Path :Accounting -Financial accounting –Fixed assets –Periodic processing –year end closing –Undo-Entire company code (Tr code is 0AAQ) Select position button Give the company code Enter To close fiscal year 2008 (not mandatory step) Up to periodic processing the path is same –Year end closing –Execute (Tr code is AJAB) Company code Fiscal year to be closed 2008 Deselect text run check box Form the menu select Program.

2009-1.check box Select display contents button 3.2009 | April 2008-March 2009 |  Mandatory :2008 :2009 :select OL leading ledger :AML :2009 160 .Select immediate button Select save button We get a message back ground job was scheduled for program RAJAWE_00 To check whether the job is processed or not From the menu select System  Services  Jobs job overview Select execute button To view the result of job Select job RAJAWE00 check box Select SPOOL button Select SPOOL no. To carryforward GL Balances Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –General Ledger –Periodic processing –Closing –CarryforwardBalances carryforward new Tr cod is FAGLGVTR Ledger Company code Carryforward fiscal year Deselect test run check box Select output list of results check box Select balances in retired earning check box Execute Select retired earning accounts button Select back arrow Select Balances sheet accounts button To copy number range interval for next year Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Financial accounting global settings –Document –Document number ranges –copy to fiscal year (Tr code is OBH2) Ignore the message press enter Company code :AML To fiscal year details under source fiscal year To fiscal year under target fiscal year details Execute Select Yes button To open periods for next year April 2009-March 2010 April 2009-April 2009 Fiscal year 2009 1st 1.

03. Enter :28. 2009 -1. management adjustment entries.2008 –Accounts Dept Finalized profitability management.2008 Same path :OB52 For variant :AML From the period2 :13 Year To period :13 Year Save :12 :2008 :2 :12 :2008 March to March :1 :2009 :2009 :AML :2008 :2008 How to post to special periods (F-02) (Adjustment of management entries ) Document date & Posting date Type Company code Posting key Account no.04. 2009 April 2008 –March 2009 Fiscal year March 2009-March 2009 13. 2008-12.2nd March 2009-March 2009 12.2008  Optional Path :Up to document the path is same –Posting periods –Open and close posting periods Select position button Posting period variant Enter For AML From period 1 is 1 (April ) Year To period Year From period Period Year To period Year Select save button or Ctrl+S Save in your request How to open special periods On 15. To post in special periods April 2009 –March 2010 Fiscal year 2009 April 2009 –April 2009 1st 1.2009 :SA :AML :40 :400100 Salaries A/c 161 .2008 -13.

Change the period to 13 Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no. Enter Amount Business area Text Select document –Simulate and Save Go and see the GL A/c FS10N Give the GL A/c No. :400100 Salaries A/c Fiscal year :2008 Business area :AMLH Company code :AML Execute :* :AMLH :+ :500000 :AMLH :Salaries provision :50 :100500 Outstanding exp BANK RECONCILIATION Check Deposit | -------------------| | Manual Electronic Bank statement | -----------------| | Manual Electronic 162 .

3. Check deposit A) Bank key B) Bank account C) Pay slip no. B) Bank key C) Bank account D) Transaction type E) Amount and save IDBI main bank A/c Dr 100000 To IDBI Check deposit a/c 100000 (with clearing) Purchases : 4. Sales invoice posting F-22 Customer A/c Dr To Sales 2. D) Transaction type E) Customer F) Bill no. Flow: Sales: 1. should with 0 1 2 3 Open item Open item Open item If we have 100 Bank current accounts instead of assigning accounts 100 times –we assign only one time using masking.Manual check deposit /manual bank statement For each current account we have to create ¾ accounts 1. Enter manual bank statement A) If the check deposit credit is not there –open items in bank check deposit A/c-Checks Deposited but not credited B) If the check deposit credit comes in bank statement A) Pay slip no. G) Amount and Save IDBI Check deposit a/c Dr To Customer with clearing 100000 100000 100000 100000 3. Purchase invoice posting F-43 Inventory RM Dr To Party A/c 5 200000 200000 Outgoing payment with clearing F-53 Party A/c Dr with clearing 200000 To IDBI check issue A/c 200000 6. 1. check issue account +++++++++1 3. Main bank account Check issue account Check deposit A/c clearing account Bank Changes Account no. 2. Manual check creation 163 .clearing account +++++++++3 Always main bank account balance and bank statement balance will be same. check deposit a/c +++++++++2 4. 4. Main bank account +++++++++0 2. 5.

Enter manual bank statement A) Bank Key B) Bank account C) Transaction type D) Amount and save Bank charges Dr To IDBI main bank a/c 5000 IDBI main bank A/c 3 10000 7 B) 20000 8) 500 5000 200000 200000 IDBI bank statement 8) 7 B) 20000 500 DR 3 B) 100000 Cr IDBI check Dept A/c 2. Enter manual bank statement A) If the check debit is not there open items in bank check is issue A/c check issued but not presented.200130 Company code Enter Change short text and GL A/c long text to IDBI check issue Select control data tabs :AML :200131 :AML :200130 Wages A/c 164 .200105 SBI A/c Company code Enter Change short text and GL Account long text to IDBI main bank Save GL A/c No. Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL A/c no. Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL A/c NO.no. Creation of GL masters (FS00) Give the GL A/c no. 100000 3.to payment doc. B) If the check issue debit is there A) Bank key B) Bank account C) Transaction type D) Check number E) Amount and save IDBI check issue Dr with clearing To IDBI Bank a/c Bank charges direct debits 8. 7.Assign check no. 100000 IDBI Check issue A/c 7 B) 20000 5 20000 1.

Company code Enter Change GL A/c short text and GL A/c long text to Bank charges Save Define House Bank (FI12) Give the company code :AML Enter Select new entries button House bank Bank country Bank key Save Give the name IDBI bank limited Street City Bank branch Enter Press enter to save in your request Double click on bank accounts folder Select new entries button Account ID Description Bank account no. Koti :Hyderabad :Main branch :IN :AMLIDBI1 :IDBI :AML :AML :400300 Rent A/c Select with template button :400304 :AML :AML :200131 Select with template button :200132 165 . Company code Give the GL A/c No. Save :IDBI1 :IDBI current no.1 :AMLIDBI1234 :INR :200130 IDBI Main bank :Bank Street. Company code Give the GL A/c No.Select open item management check box Save GL A/c No. Company code Enter Select type/description tab Change short text and GL A/c long text to IDBI check deposit Save GL A/c No. Currency GL A/c No.

Select non-sequentional check box Short information Purchase date Enter and save Define posting keys and posting rules for check deposit Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –Bank accounting –Business transactions –Check deposit –Define posting keys and posting rules for check deposit Chart of accounts Enter Select new entries button Accounts symbol Text Accounts symbol Text Accounts symbol Text Accounts symbol Text save press enter to save in your request double click on assign accounts to account symbol folder select new entries button accounts symbol :AMLA :AMLA :Main Bank :AMLB :check issue :AMLC :Check deposit :AMLD :Bank charges :AML :IDBI bank :Today’s date :1 :100001 :100100 :IDBI :IDBI1 Account symbol Currency GL A/c AMLA INR AMLB INR AMLC INR AMLD INR Save Double click create keys for posting rules folder Select new entries button Posing rule Text +++++++++0 (9 times plus) +++++++++1 (9 times plus) +++++++++2 (9 times plus) 400304 –Bank Charges A/c 166 .3. Check no. Creation of Check lots (Tr code is FCHI) Give the paying company code :AML House bank Account ID Select change status button Select create button (shift+F5) beside details button Lot no. To no.

Type Posting rule Posting area Debit posting key Account symbol Document type Posting type Select next entry button Posting rule Notes: AML2 :select AML2 (check deposit clearing in bank) :Check deposit clearing in bank DZ :AML1 :select 2 sub ledger accounting :40 :AMLC (check deposit) :DZ :select 8 sub ledger a/c IDBI1 Main account Dr GL To IDBI check deposit with clearing GL Doc .type :SA Posting area :select 1 Bank accounting Debit posting key :40 Accounts symbol :AMLA main bank a/c Document type :SA (GL account document) Posting type :select 5 clear credit GL Account Select next entry button Posting rule :AMLB check issue clearing in bank AML3 Check issue clearing in Bank IDBI check issue with clrg DR GL To IDBI main bank A/c Doc .AML1 AML2 AML3 AML4 Save Check receipt –Clear customer Check deposit clearing in Bank Check issue clearing in Bank Bank charges direct debit by banks Double click on define posting rules folder Select new entries button Notes: Check receipt –clear customer AML1-Check receipt clear customer IDBI check deposit Dr GL To Customer –with clrg SL Doc.type :SA Posting area :select 1 bank accounting Debit account symbol :AMLB Credit posting key :50 Account symbol :AMLA Main bank Document type :SA Posting type :select 4 clear debit GL Account Select next entry button Posting rule :AML4 Bank charges :Direct debit by bank Bank charges Dr GL To IDBI Main bank A/c GL 167 .

(for posting revenues) :AML1 :Check receipt clear customer reversal Save Select create request button short description :Work Bench request for AML Enter press enter to save in your request kept the customer on AML1 168 .(selection) Enter Column 1 2 3 4 Offset 3 20 37 52 Length 16 4 10 :AML1 :+ :AML1 :Check receipt clear customer :AML1 :.Doc type :SA Posting area Debit posting key Account symbol :AMLD Credit posting key Account symbol :AMLA Document type :SA Posting type Save :select 1 Bank accounting :40 :50 :select 1 post to GL A/c Create and assign business transactions : Path :Up to business transactions the path is same –Check deposit –Create and assign business transactions (Tr code is OT53) Select new entries button Transaction +/Posting rule Text Transaction +/Posting rule Text Select save button Select cancel button Select Yes button Save Press enter to save in your request Define variants for check deposit Same path ( Tr code is OT45) Select create button Variant :AML1 Name :check deposit variant for AML Enter From the possible fields column Double click on reference document no.

Assign check no. Outgoing payment with clearing 200000 200000 F-53 200000 200000 Party A/c DR with clearing To IDBI Check issue A/c Doc no.no. purchases 1.200001 Check no.Check no.no.select activate button create and assign business truncation for manual bank statement path :up to business truncation the path is same –Payment transactions –manual bank statement –Create and assign business transactions select new entries button Transaction +/AML2 AML2 AML3 + Posting rule AML2 AML2 AML3 011 (Outgoing check :Check no. and payment Doc no. to payment doc no. different from payment doc.1 2. Manual check creation FCH5 Assign check no.200001 3. different from payment doc. are different Define variants for manual bank statement Same path (Tr cod is OT43) Select create button Variant :AML2 169 . 11 Interpretation algorithm Text Check deposit Check deposit clearing in bank reversal Check issue clearing in Bank Check issue clearing in bank (Reversal) Bank charges direct debit by bank Bank charges direct debit by bank (reversal) AML3 AML4 AML4 + + AML3 AML4 AML4 Save Press enter to save in your request 011.100001 to payment Doc no. Purchase invoice posting F-43 Inventory RM DR To Party A/c Doc no.

number (selection) Enter 4the column (20+16) :36 From the possible field column double click on bank reference Enter From the possible fields column double click on business area Enter (53+13+4):67 Save Press enter to save in your work bench request Keep the cursor on AML2 :select activate button To make text field optional field for field status groups G001 and G005 (Tr code is OBC4) Select field status variant :AML Double click on field status group folder Double click on G001 Double click on general data Text make it optional entry field Save Press enter to save in your request Double click on G005 Double click on General data Text make it optional entry field Save SALES Sales invoice posting (F-22) Give the document date Type Company code Posting key Reference bill no. Account Enter Amount Business area Text Posting key Account no.Name Enter :Manual bank statement variant for AML From the possible fields column double click on reference doc . Enter :100000 :AMLH :Sales invoice posting :50 :300000 Sales a/c :AML :01 :2345 :6600001 :Today’s date :DR 170 .

Amount Business area Text Document –simulate & Save Manual check deposit :* :AMLH :+ Path :Accounting –financial accounting –Banks –Incomings –check deposit –manual entry (FF68) From the menu select settings  Specifications Start variant Enter Bank key Bank account Currency Group Transaction Posting date Value date Currency Enter Amount Reference no.6600001 Company code :AML Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Double click on type DZ Select column document overview button Check deposit credit in bank statement Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Banks-Incoming –Bank statement –manual entry (Tr code is FF67) :100000 :2345 (bill no.) :AMLH :6600001 :AMLIDBI1 . Enter & save Save once again From the menu select System –>services  Batch input  Sessions  select session name :IDBI-IDBI1 Select process button Select Display errors only radio button Select process button We get a message processing of batch in put session completed Select exit batch input button Go and See the customer A/c FBL5N Give the customer no.) :select AML1 (check receipt clear customer ) :Today’s date :Today’s date :INR :select AML1 171 . Business area Customer no.AMLIDBI1234 :INR :1 (paying slip no.

Statement date Opening balance Closing balance Posting date Enter Ignore the warning message press enter Transaction Value date Amount Give the reference doc no.) :AMLH :AMLIDBI1 :AMLIDBI1234 :INR :1 :Today’s date :0 :100000 :Today’s date :select AML2 Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Double click credit 100000 Select call up document overview button 1.From the menu select settings –specifications Start variant Enter Bank key Bank account Currency Give the statement no. Company code :AML :200132 :IDBI –IDBI1 :select AML2 check deposit in bank :Today’s date :100000 :1 (That is paying slip no. Business area Enter & Save Save once again From the menu select System –Services –Batch input session Select session name Select process button Select display errors only radio button Select process button Ignore the message and exit batch input button Go and see the IDBI check deposit A/c (FBL3N) Give GL A/c No. Purchases F-43 :Today’s date Purchase invoice posting Give the document date 172 .

Type Company code Posting key Account no. Manual check creation (FCH5) Give the check no.100010 Save 4. Enter Give the amount Business area Text Posting key Account no. Enter Amount Business area Text Document –Simulate and Save 2. :AML :KR :31 :4200001 :20000 :AMLH :Purchase invoice posting :40 :200120 Inventory RM :* :AMLH :+ Outgoing payment with clearing (Tr code is F-53) :Today’s date :KZ :AML :Outgoing payment :200131 (IDBI cheque issue date) :AMLH :20000 :Outgoing payment Give the document date Type Company code Clearing text Account under bank data Business area Amount Text Select process open item button Double click on payable amount Account under open item selection :4200001 :20000 From the menu select Document --Simulate & Save 3. Enter manual bank statement (FF67) Select overview button (F8) Keep the cursor on AML IDBI Bank Ltd Select new statement button Closing balance (100000-200000)=800000 Posting date Enter :today’s date 173 .

) :AMLH Select save button . save once again From the menu select System –Service –Batch input –Sessions Select session name Select process button Select Display errors only radio button Select process button Ignore the message exit batch input button Go and see IDBI cheque issue account (FBL3N) Give the GL account Company code :AML :200131 IDBI cheque issue account :IDBI-IDBI Select cleared items radio button Select normal items check box Execute Double click on debit 20000 Select call up document overview button Bank charges Direct debits Enter manual bank statement FF67 Select overview button Keep the cursor on AML IDBI Bank Ltd Select new statement button Give the closing balance Posting date Enter Transaction Value date Amount Business area Enter & Save Save once again From the menu select System –Services –Batch input –Session Select session name :IDBI –IDBI-1 Select process button :AML4 Bank charges direct debits :Today’s date :500:AMLH :79500 :Today’s date 174 .Transaction Value date Amount Bank reference Business area Enter :AML3 check issue clearing in Bank :today’s date :20000 with minus :100010 (cheque no.

:200101 Company code Select with template button Give the GL A/c No. To no. Enter & Save Ignore the warning message press enter :01 :500001 :600000 :AML :AML :200100 :AML 175 . Payments and closing balance 2) GL Cash account accepts negative cash balance –Cash Journal will not accept negative cash balance 3) For petty cash purpose 1.range From no. Creation of GL master –Petty cash account –Current assets-Loans & Advances (FS00) Give the GL A/c No. Company code Enter Change short text and GL a/c long text to Petty Cash A/c Select create /bank /interest tab Select post automatically only check box Save Define number rage intervals for cash journal documents Path :SPRO-Financial accounting –bank accounting –Business transactions-Cash journal –Define number range intervals for Cash journal Documents (FBCJC1) Give the company code Select change intervals button Select interval button No. CASH JOURNAL 1) To view daily cash and ban opening balances. Receipts .Select display errors only radio button Select process button Ignore the message and select exit batch input button To view the document posted (FB03) Enter To view bank statements in SAP FF67 Select overview button Double click on AML IDBI Bank Ltd To view the transactions in the statement Double click on statement no.

Select account modifiable check box Save Press enter to save in your request Setup print parameters for cash journal Select new entries button Company code Report variant Correspondence Save Press enter to save in your request :AML :RFCASH00 :select SAP18 Cash document :DEMOEN (Demo English) :AML :select E Expenses :400100 Salaries A/c :AML :select R Revenue :300000 :Revenue :AML :0001 :200101 :INR :SA :KZ Cash journal Business transaction :Expenses Cash journal print program name 176 . Save Press enter to save in your request Create .Setup cash journal (FBCJC0) Same path Select new entries button Company code Cash journal no. Currency Document type for GL A/c Document type vendor payment Document type vendor receipt :KZ :DZ :AML HYD petty cash Document type customer payment Cash Journal name.Change delete business truncations (FBCJC2) Same path Select new entries button Company code Business transaction type G/L A/c Cash journal business transaction Select account modifiable check box Company code Business transaction type GL A/c No. GL A/c No.

Posting to Cash journal Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –General ledger –Posting –Cash journal posting (FBCJ) From the menu select Extras  Change Cash journal Give your company code Cash journal Enter Select cash receipts tab Business transaction Amount Business area G/L A/c Text Save Select post button Select print cash journal button Ignore the message press enter :AMLH :300000 Sales A/C :Cash sales :select Revenue :5000 :AML :0001 WITH HOLDING TAX (TDS TDS: Tax deducted at source on Vendors/ Contractors/Local and professional charges TCS: Tax collected at source –on Customers/ scrap sale /waste sale TDS is part of CIN (Country India Version) TDS two types Classic with holding Tax Up to 4. SAP releases –Patch (program) February 1997 finance budget changes February 1998 Finance budget changes February 1991 Finance budget changes Extended withholding tax Released extended with holding tax Original CIN program modified with the budget changes Number changes A) Education cess B) Higher and Secondary Education cess C) Return –Contractors –annual Return –form 26C D) Changed to annual return Form 26 E) Changed to quarterly return –Form 26Q F) ETDS TDS on contractors/Professional charges 177 .6 C SAP CIN from 4.7 EE on words CIN is part of SAP SAP was released in India 1995 –SA and CIN February 1996 Finance Budget Govt. made changes to TDS for the changes in Budget.

TDS deducted should be deposited within 7 days from the month end incase of year end credits TDS to deposit within 2 months from the year end. In the bill amount includes material cost and conversion charges – (composite contacts) To deduct TDS only conversion charges. If each contract value is less than 20000 and all contract value in the whole year is less than 50000 –No TDS is to be deducted. If 7th day comes on public holiday –choice to make the payment day before or after. 11. 6. To create only one code for invoice postings and one code for advance postings (Max codes can be created 99) 7. If the contractor does not have taxable income he for lower rate of deduction or NIL rate of deduction . Maintain calendar Path :SPRO-SAP Net weaver –General settings –Maintain calendar Select public holidays radio button Select change button Select create button Select with fixed date radio button Select create button Day Month :1 :select 05 May day Short holiday name :May day Long holiday name :May day Enter Ignore the message select Yes button 178 . Company has to deduct at lower rate or Nil rate –Exemption certificate will be given by Income Tax Dept for each year. File quarterly return in form 26Q earlier annual return Form 26 12. 10. 9. Issue TDS certificate in form 16A to the contractor –It can be a monthly certificate or consolidated certificate for the whole year. TDS is to be deducted at the time of invoice posting or advance payment posting whichever is earlier 5. 8./TAN can be obtained at company code level/Business area level/Business places level./Rent/Interest other than salaries TDS on contractors (Income Tax Section 194C) 1 2. Status –Company /Partnership firm TDS Rates Basic 2% Surcharges 10% on 2% ED 3% on (basic +Surcharges ) Individual 10% on 2% contract value in the whole year exceed 10 Lakhs other wise NIL 3% on Basic +Surcharge (Note :contract value in the whole year exceeds 1 core other wise NIL) 4. Permanent Account Number (PAN) will be allotted at company code level where as Tax Deduction at Source (TDS No.

Ignore the message press enter Select back arrow Select holiday calendar radio button Select change button Select create button Calendar ID Select assign holiday button Select May day check box Select assign public holiday button Save Ignore the message press enter Select back arrow two times Select factory calendar radio button Select change button Select create button Factory calendar ID Description Holiday calendar ID Save Ignore the message press enter Check withholding tax countries Path :SPRO-Financial Accounting –Financial accounting global settings-With holding tax-Extended withholding tax-basic settings-Check with holding tax countries Select new entries button Country Withholding tax country Description Select save button or Ctrl+S Save in account payable customization request Define withholding tax keys Same path Give the country key :In for India Enter Select new entries button Official withholding tax :194C Name :TDS contractors Save Press enter to save in your request Define Business places (section code ) Path :Up to extend with holding tax the path is same -Basic settings  India  Define business places Select new entries :IN :India :IN :A1 :A2 :AML HYD Factory calendar :A1 (AML HYD Factory Holiday calendar) Work days select Monday to Saturday check boxes 179 .

Company code Section code Name Save Give the name :AML :AMLF :AML HYD factory :AML HYD Factory Press enter to save in your request Assign factory calendars to section code (Business places) Same path Select new entries button Company code Section code Factory calendar ID Rule Save Press enter to save in your request :AML :AMLF :A2 :select day before Define business place Path: Form the menu select System –Services –Table maintenance –Extended table maintenance (Tr cod is SM30) Table/view :J_1BBRANCV :AML Select maintain button Give the company code Enter Select new entries button Business place Description Save Give the name :AML Hyd factory Press enter to save in your request Assign section code to business place (Tr code is SM30) Table /View Select maintain button Give the company code Enter For section code Business place Save Press enter to save in your request Define withholding tax type for Invoice posing: :AMLF :AMF :AML :V_seccode :AMLF :AML Hyderabad factory 180 .

Path: Up to Extended with holding tax the path is same –Calculation –With holding tax type –Define with holding tax type for invoice posing Give the country key Enter Select new entries button With holding tax type Description Select gross amount radio button Select with holding tax commercial rounding radio button Select post with hold tax amount check box Select no accumulation radio button Save Press enter to save in your request Define withholding tax for payment posing Same path Give the country key Enter Select new entries button With holding tax type Description Select gross amount radio button Select withhold tax commercial rounding radio button Select no accumulation radio button Select post with holding tax amount check box Select central invoice propitiate radio button Select save button or Ctrl+S Press enter to save in your request Why to select central invoice proportionate for advance payments 2.266% 1. Advance payment F-48 Party special GL (A) Dr To Bank To TDS (To deposit before 07.12.2008) 2266 20.11.2008 100000 97734 :DA :Sec 194 C contractors –Advance posting :IN :D1 :section sec 194C contractors Invoice posting :IN

2. Purchase invoice posting F-43 14.12.2008 Conversion charges Dr 300000 To party 293202 To TDS (to Deposit before 07.12.2009) 6798

3. Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing special GL -54 14.12.2008
Party TDS Dr Dr 97734 2266 auto debit

181

To Party special GL (A) TDS payable on 07.12.2008 on 07.12.2008 2266 TDS payable on 07.12.2009 4532 (6798-2266) Define withholding tax codes

100000

Path :Up to extend with holding tax the pat is same –Calculation  With hold tax codes  Define with holding tax codes Give the country key Enter Select new entries button With holding tax type With hold code Description Official with holding tax With holding tax rate Posing indicator Save Press enter to save in your request Select back arrow Select with holding tax type :D1 Select copy as button Change with holding tax type Description Enter and Save Check recipient type Path :Up to extended with hold tax the path is same –Basic settings –Check recipient types Give the country key Enter Select new entries button With holding tax type Recipient type Text One more With holding tax type Recipient type Text :DA :CO :Company :D1 :CO :company :In for India :D1 to DA Change with hold tax code :from D1 to DA :sec 194 C (contractors –Advance 2.266% ) :D1 :D1 :section 194C contractors Invoice (2.266%) :section 194 C :100 :2.266% :selection 1 (standard posting :Bank /Vendor /Customer line item reduced :IN

Base amount percentage subject to tax

182

Save Press enter to save in your request

Maintain tax due dates Path :Up to extend with holding tax the path is same –Basic settings –India  Maintain tax due dates Select new entries button Country :IN Official with holding tax key :194C Recipient type :CO No.of days unit tax due date :777 Save Assign withhold tax types to company code Path :Up to Extend with holding tax the path is same –company code  Assign with holding tax types to company code Select new entries button Company code Withholding tax type Recipient type :AML :D1 :CO :01.04.2008 :31.03.2009

Select with hold tax agent check box Withholding tax obligated firm Obligated to with hold tax until Save Press enter to save in your request Select back arrow Select company code AML with tax type D1 Select copy as button Change the With holding tax type to DA Enter & Save Activate extended withholding tax : Same path Select position button Give the company code Enter For company code AML select extended with holding tax check box Save Ignore the warning message press enter Press enter to save in your request Combined with holding tax code Path : up to Extend with holding tax the path is same –Calculation –India –surcharges –Maintain surcharge rates (Surcharges combined with basic withholding tax codes) :AML

183

Company code :AML Select with template button Give the GL A/c No. TDS on contractors under Current Liabilities & Provision group FS00 Give the GL A/c No.100500 out standing exp.Select new entries button Company code Withholding tax code Recipient type Surcharge rate Company code Withholding tax code Recipient type Surcharge Save Press enter to save in your request Creation of 2 GL masters (FS00) 1. Company code Give the GL A/c Company code Enter Change the A/c group to manufacturing expenses Change short text and GL A/c long text to Conversion changes Save One more Give the GL Account no. Conversion charges under manufacturing group 2. Company code Enter Change short text and GL account long text to TDS on Contractors Save Assignment of accounts for Automatic postings: Path :Up to Extended with holding tax the path is same –Posting –Accounts for withholding tax –Define accounts for withholding tax to paid over Give the Chart of Accounts :AML Enter Select with holding tax code check box :AML :100510 :AML :AML :400100 Salaries A/c Select with template button :400200 :10 :AML :D1 :CO :10 :AML :DA :CO 184 .

General –Tax on goods movement –India –Basic settings –Maintain company code settings Select new entries button Give the company code AML and Save Press enter to save in your request Specify document type for remittance challans Remittance challans TDS on contractors 1 2 3 4 5 CO OT CO CO TO 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 (Company) (Individual) When we make TDS payment –we have to prepare two challans 1 for Companies 2 for Individuals In remittance challan screen recipient type 1 3 4 CO CO CO Company (CO) 1000 3000 4000 TDS on contractors Dr-With Clg 8000 GL To Bank 8000 GL Doc .Type :SA Path :Up to Extended with holding tax the path is same –Posting –India –Remittance challans –Document types –Specify document type (Accounts payable) Select new entries button Company code Save Press enter to save in your request :AML :SA Remittance challan document type 185 .And with withholding tax type check box Save Withholding tax type Withholding tax code Account Withholding tax type Withholding tax code Account Save Press enter to save in your request :DA :DA :100510 :D1 :D1 :100510 Maintain company code settings Path :SPRO-Logistic.

Maintain number groups: Same path Select new entries button Company code Section code Official withholding tax key Number group Save Press enter to save in your request Assign number ranges to Number groups: ( Tr code is J1INO) Same path Select new entries button Internal number range group :08 Internal challan :08 Save Maintain number ranges:(Tr code is J1INUMBER) Same path Select maintain groups button Select group without tax having 08 check box From the menu select Interval  Maintain Give the company code :AML Enter Select interval button Year From no. To number Enter & Save Ignore the message press enter :2008 :1 :100000 :08 :AML :AMLF :194C Assign remittance challan number group to Business place Tr code is (SM30) Give the Table /View Select maintain button Select new entries button Company code Business place Official with holding Number group Save :08 :AML :AMLF :194C Tax key :J_1IEWTNUMGR 186 .

Assign remittance challan number group to section code :(SM30) Table /view :J_1IEWTNUMGR_1 Select maintain button Select new entries button Company code Selection code Official withholding Number group Save Press enter to save in your request Maintain number groups and SAP script forms Path :Up to Extend with holding tax the path is same –Postings –India –Withholding tax certificates for Vendors and Customers –Maintain number groups as SAP script forms Select new entries button Company code Section code Official withholding tax key Form No group Save Press enter to save in your request Assign number ranges to number groups Same path Select new entries button Number group :09 Internal number range :09 Save Press enter to save in your request Maintain number ranges Sam path Select maintain groups button Select group without text having 09 check box From the menu select interval maintain Company code Enter Select interval button Year From number To number :2008 :100001 :200000 :AML :AML :AMLF :194C :J_11EWT_CERT :09 :08 :AML :AMLF :194C Tax key 187 .

Company code Select with hold tax check box Enter Give the withhold tax country :IN (India) With holding tax type Withholding tax code Select liable check box Recipient type Withholding tax type Withholding tax code Select liable check box Recipient type Select CIN details button Ignore the warning message press enter Select withholding tax tab Give the PAN of vendor Select back arrow Save END USER AREA Conversion charges posting (F-43) Document type Type Company code Posting key Account no.Enter & Save Ignore the message press enter Assign withholding tax code in Vendor master Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Accounts payable –Master records-Maintain centrally –change (Tr code is XK02) Give the vendor no. Enter Give the amount Business area Business place /section code Enter Text Posting key Account :Conversion charges posting :40 :400200 conversion charges account :AMLH :select AMLF :100000 :AML :31 :4200001 :Today’s date :KR :AP4C12345C :CO :CO :DA :DA :D1 :D1 :AML :4200001 188 .

2009 :200105 SBI CA :AMLF :01.01.Enter Conversion charges Option 1 If the bill value is less than 20000 and whole year contract value is less than 50000 No TDS Option 2 If the value consists of material 30000 and conversion charges 70000 A) For D1 with –holding tax base amount enter 70000 TDS will be deducted on 70000 B) Remove DA Option 3 If the bill amount is only for conversion charges A) Remove DA Remove D1 and DA Remove with hold tax code :DA Enter Amount :* Business area :AMLH Text :+ From the menu select Document  Simulate and Save Note : If you get a error message once check it Activate extended withholding tax / Document splitting Create remittance challan Path :Accounting –Financial accounting –Accounts payable –With holding tax –India –Extended with holding tax –Remittance of withholding tax-Create remittance challan (Tr code is J1INCHLN) Company code Fiscal year Business plane/ Second code Posting date Section Recipient type Document date Posting date Bank account Execute (F8) Enter Business area Text Select document overview button Double click on the line item SBI current A/c with one rupee Amount Save Select clearing document button Select back arrow :* :AMLH :Conversion charges amount :CO :07.02.2009 :194 C :AML :2008 Double click on all open items (by default one rupee can not see in SAP zero) 189 .01.2009 to 31.02.2009 :07.

Internal challan number and internal challan date will be update automatically) 190 .check box Select display contents button Quarterly return ( Tr code J1INQEFILE) Path for Entering acknowledgement numbers.Enter Bank challan Path: Same path ( Tr code is J1INBANK) Give the company code Fiscal year Challan clearing number Base challan no .2008 to 31.2009 :select SBI (Once we select challan clearing number. In TDS certificate we have to specify acknowledgment number for each quarterly return field. Bank challan date Bank key Execute Print TDS Certificate Path :Up to extend with holding tax the path is same –Certificates –Print (J1INCERT) Company code Fiscal year Business area /Section code Section Posting dates Bank challan dates Certificate date Signatory Designation Place of printing Execute Select print button Output device Select print button To view the print out From the menu select –System –Services –Output control Select execute button Select spool no.04.04. Path :System –Service –Table maintenance –Extended table maintenance (Tr code is SM30) :LP01 :AMLF :194C :01.37 :789 :07.2009 :30.AML :2008 :AML :2008 :select document no.2009 :01.02.05.04.03.2008 to 30.2009 :Mr X :Manager :Hyderabad .

Table /View J_1IET_ACKN_N Select maintain button Select new entries button Company code :AML Year Section code Period ACK No.01. Advance payment posting F-48 15.12. Save Note: :2008 :AMLF :select second quarter :123 Quarterly return not working in pirated software’s patches updated in genuine SAP software Advance posting: 1. Conversion charges posting F-43 02.01.2009 to deposit 4532-1133=3399 191 .2008 50000 1133 TDS to deposit before 07.2009 200000 4532 3.2009 1133 Auto debit will come before 07. Transfer of advance from special GL to normal by clearing special GL F-54 02.02.2009 2.01.

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